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Tuesday, November 27, 2012 /msureporter

Minnesota State University, Mankato


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Student debt at MSU among highest in the state Many Mavericks struggle with debt after graduation as student debt above national average

web photo Activities also included a presentation by author Jonathan Bloom, whose book “American Wasteland” details the problem of wastefullness in the United States.

November brings homelessness awareness to MSU


staff writer

This month, Minnesota State University, Mankato hosted a series of events for “Remember November,” a campus-wide campaign against hunger and homelessness. Turkey-palooza, which began on Nov. 1 and continues until Nov. 30, is a part the Campus Kitchen Holiday Fundraiser. Donation boxes were placed at registers in the Centennial Student Union and the contributions went toward the Campus Kitchen’s Thanksgiving dinner expenses. The Campus Kitchen Project serves to bring colleges and universities together with student volunteers, campus dining

service professionals and community organizations to help fight hunger around the United States. At MSU, the project is partnered with University Dining Services, service learning programs and community agencies to help provide food for Mankato citizens in need. The surplus food from on-campus dining and from food banks and restaurants is donated to Campus Kitchen. After the meals have been packaged, they are delivered to clients that need them. Clients include ECHO Food Shelf, Blue Earth County Social Services, Theresa House, Welcome Inn and the Salvation Army. Campus Kitchen delivers to the private residences of the consumers associated with

these groups. During the week of Nov. 12, the CSU’s Flex Space hosted “The Face of Hunger and Homelessness,” an exhibit that demonstrated how Mankato’s community works to alleviate hunger. On Nov. 13, Jonathan Bloom gave a lecture in the CSU Ballroom about his book “American Wasteland.” Bloom is a journalist and food waste expert who wrote “American Wasteland,” a book about the amount of food that America wastes and the impact that it has at local and national levels. He discovered that all people can make a difference in America’s hunger

Remember/ page 3

web photo Student debt is a very real problem in 2012, particularly at MSU, which outscored both Bethany Lutheran College and Gustavus Adolphus. TIM FAKLIS

staff writer

The end of the Fall 2012 semester is approaching, and with that comes the hard work of determining tuition costs. With that often comes financial aid, which will eventually turn into debt for students at Minnesota State University, Mankato. “I’m going to have to hold back from spending after I graduate for a while.” Said Athletic Training major Thomas Boike, who is entering what is expected to me his final semester at MSU this spring. “I’ll have to find a way to manage my money when


I’m done.” Fellow MSU student Cole Jensen felt the same way when asked what his plan was when he was done. “I’m not sure yet.” He said. “I would like to get my debt paid off as quickly as I can with still being able to afford to live.” Numerous students around Mankato have similar worries; about 75 percent of the 11,762 students enrolled at MSU graduated with debt in 2011. Not only do MSU students have to deal with debt, the school itself has to continue

Debt/ page 6







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Tuesday, November 27, 2012T

MSU celebrates diversity, international heritage

william cayahadi• msu reporter MSU celebrated diversity, hosting events for the school’s international population, as well as the area’s Native American heritage.


staff writer

Minnesota State University, Mankato has always had a strong reputation for accepting a wide variety of students to its campus. Whether students come from exotic lands, different backgrounds, or are home-grown, corn-fed Midwesterners, MSU has always tried to give a sense of home to the expansive array of people who attend school the university. The Diversity and International Education Week took place at MSU earlier this month in order to provide out-

reach for the school’s diverse student body. Donald Friend, a professor of geography at MSU, was involved in the week’s events, including helping put together a presentation for the event “Environment and Human Virtue: A Dynamic Interface,” presented by professor Jasper Hunt. “[It is] to inform students and the community about diversity and international issues and to celebrate and embrace our diversity at home and across the globe,” said Friend on the week’s events. “I believe students have responded very positively. All


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the events are well attended and, as a faculty member, I’ve had several students share with me that they, ‘learned a lot’ or, ‘didn’t know that’ and other similar comments.” Events like Diversity and International Education Week have been playing an increasingly important role for students at MSU, since the number of international students has risen in recent years. According to MSU’s website, the number of international students has grown from a total of 636 students from 72 different countries in 2008, to 894 students from 86

different countries in 2012. “MSU has held Diversity Week for over 20 years,” said Friend. “At MSU, International Education Week joined Diversity Week in 2005. The U.S. Department of State has celebrated International Education Week for 50 years.” International students from overseas were not the only group of students that were included in the Diversity and International Education Week’s topics and conversations. Events dedicated to educating students on Native American culture were also a large part of the week, with American Indian love songs played on a traditional flute by David BraveHeart, as well as the 42nd annual Diversity Dinner, which was put together in order to educate students and the community on Native American history because it is so integral to the area. MSU has also had other efforts to provide an outreach to the unique stature that the university has with the community as well as its place in history. In order to commemorate the importance of Native American history in the area, there are talks of bringing a proposed statue of Chief Mahkato, Mankato’s namesake, to campus in the near future.

MSU has always had a strong history of an open arms policy towards students. The Advocate recently named MSU one of the top 100 lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender friendly universities in the country, which may not come as a surprise for many since the LGBT center is boasted as being the second oldest in the country. With the wide and increasing diversity that MSU boasts, and most likely, will continue to experience in future years, events like the Diversity and International Education Week provides an opportunity for the students, who are in a foreign or strange place, to be able to share their voices, as well as hear others, above the constant, and sometimes overwhelming noise, of a college life. “Diversity and International Education Week has great value to the University,” said Friend. “Events scheduled throughout the week provide a place for all members of the campus and greater community to come and celebrate and learn from and about each other and about people across the globe and across town. The week helps raise our awareness of that is happening in our diverse global society.”

Tuesday, November 27, 2012


Sandy forces NYC to evaluate emergency preparations

NEW YORK (AP) — Inside tunnels threading under a Houston medical campus, 100 submarine doors stand ready to block invading floodwaters. Before commuters in Bangkok can head down into the city's subways, they must first climb three feet of stairs to raised entrances, equipped with flood gates. In Washington, D.C., managers of a retail and apartment complex need just two hours to activate steel walls designed to hold back as much as a 17-foot rise in the Potomac River. If metropolitan New York is going to defend itself from surges like the one that overwhelmed the region during Superstorm Sandy, decision makers can start by studying how others have fought the threat of fast-rising water. And they must accept an unsettling reality: Limiting the damage caused by flooding will likely demand numerous changes, large and small, and yet even substantial protections will be far from absolute. Sandy's toll is overwhelming. But finding the money and political will to build a proposed system of giant storm barriers at the mouth of New York Harbor will likely be very difficult. Even at a cost of up to $27 billion, such barriers would leave large parts of the region unprotected. So government, businesses and property owners will need to consider taking smaller steps — on land — to minimize the impact of flooding, with or without sea barriers. The good news is that many cities have already learned much about how to limit the damage from floods. Researchers are working on still other strategies, like 16-foot-wide inflatable plugs being developed at West Virginia University to seal off subways and tunnels from water. But there's no single cure-all. "You really have to go with a series of levels of protection. You can't just buy into one engineer's dream of building" a 5-mile-long barrier for New York Harbor, said Phil Bedient, a flood expert at Houston's Rice University whose research was key to shoring up that city's defenses after it was swamped by Tropical Storm Allison in 2001. "So you have to pick your spots carefully. And you really can't protect everything." Sandy's destruction in the New York area highlights a host of weaknesses that must be addressed, experts said. But the region's size, density and geography will complicate the task.

"It's hard to predict what's going to happen, where it's going to happen and what magnitude, and that leads to a quandary of what makes sense to do," said William Coulbourne, a Delaware structural engineer specializing in flood plain design and construction. "New York City is unique in the number of people who live there, the age of the buildings, that it's on islands and it's a hub of U.S. commerce." That could force people to make trade-offs they might have been unwilling to consider before Sandy. When city officials met with real estate and construction industry representatives starting in 2008 to look at making New York buildings more environmentally efficient, the conversation included whether to move flood-prone electrical equipment out of basements in apartment buildings and office towers to higher floors, said Rohit "Rit" Aggarwala, former director of the city's Office of Long-Term Planning and Sustainability. "One of the people from the real estate industry said, 'Rit, you're crazy. That's rentable space up on those floors,' Aggarwala said. "That's the problem of thinking in the near-term of losing revenue vs. the long-term certainty of needing it." Now New York needs a wideranging discussion, considering not just how to limit damage to high-rise districts like lower Manhattan that are critical to the region's function, but about whether and how to rebuild in residential neighborhoods along the shoreline, said Larry Buss, a recently retired hydrologic engineer for the Army Corps of Engineers who for many years led its committee on non-structural flood proofing. "If you're thinking longterm," said Buss, who worked with communities along the Gulf of Mexico to build flood resilience after Hurricane Katrina, "you've got to use all the tools in your toolbox." In the search for answers, few places may offer as many lessons as Houston's Texas Medical Center campus, which is bisected by a bayou and was swamped by intense rains in a 2001 storm. When Ed Tucker, the center's senior vice president of planning and development, watched televised footage of rescuers carrying critically ill patients down the darkened stairwells of New York hospitals during Sandy, he was struck by a terrible thought: He had seen it all before.

The floods in Houston caused a blackout, inundated medical center streets with up to 9 feet of water, and forced evacuations of patients from the district's 6,900 hospital beds, some airlifted from rooftops by helicopter. The campus sustained more than $2 billion in damage. "Allison was a significant event for us and fortunately we learned a lot," Tucker said. A review of the area's flood weaknesses led officials to create a list of 112 projects, including widening the bayou and building culverts that funnel water away from the campus. But many of the projects were based on acknowledging that even if planners couldn't ensure that all the water from a future storm would stay out, they could at least work to limit the damage. Sandy exposed the weaknesses of the 108-year-old subway system, including the large number of stations in flood-prone neighborhoods and the overall porosity of a network ventilated by thousands of grates set into sidewalks. In recent years the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, which runs the system, has begun looking for ways to defend it from water. After flooding from a 2007 storm forced closure of part of the system, the agency spent $157 million on a host of projects, including one that closed half the 1,600 grates along a low-lying avenue in Queens, raised others and installed water-activated mechanical closing devices on still more. It also hired an architecture firm to design raised grates that double as street furniture. But those changes were designed to prevent flooding caused by rain, not storm surge, and were limited by a capital budget with little room for projects not directly related to transportation, said Projjal Dutta, the MTA's director of sustainability initiatives. "Sandy just upped that bar hugely," Dutta said. The agency is studying how subway systems elsewhere protect themselves from floods, including some that have installed gates or built drainage tunnels. But the MTA has not reached a decision on how to move forward, and hardening the system against a surge like Sandy's will require significant additional funding, he said. While New York is designing raised entrances for a new sub-

Hurricane / page 6

Reporter • Page 3

REMEMBER “There are also approximately 75 students in Mankato’s public school district who are considered homeless.” continued from 1 problem from their own kitchens by reducing their own waste and only buying what they really need. Sodexo, MSU’s dining service, held a Helping Hands Across America Food Drive and Chili Cook Off on Nov. 14. The Sodexo Foundation’s website says that they are an “independent charitable organization sponsoring and supporting initiatives that tackle the root causes of hunger in the U.S., with particular focus on helping children and their families.” It was founded in 1999 and has made more than $11 million to fight hunger in America. The proceeds from the Chili Cook Off were given to Campus Kitchen. On Nov. 15, Social Work students hosted “Freezin’ for a Reason.” Those who participated stayed overnight in cardboard boxes and gathered nonperishable food items, cleaning

supplies and personal care items for the Partners of Affordable housing. Surprisingly, Mankato has a large population of people who go hungry on a daily basis or are homeless. Due to economic problems, many families lost their homes or are now living paycheck to paycheck. According to The Free Press, 80 percent of Mankato’s homeless are Mankato natives. There are also approximately 75 students in Mankato’s public school district who are considered homeless. While November may be the month MSU has dedicated to homelessness and hunger, it’s not a problem that will end at the end of the month. The problem will persist, and as many community members how, efforts to eliminate the issue will be continues throughout the year.

Diversity/ page 3

Tuesday, November 27, 2012

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Black Friday is a show of unnecessary excess, robs families of holiday together Americans should be thinking about more than just shopping the day after Thanksgiving.


staff writer

In my twenty years of living in a world of consumerism, trying to understand an individual’s dependancy on materialistic goods, doting upon family time over some turkey and pie, it all pieces together the day after Thanksgiving: Black Friday morning. Yet as it goes, many of us know it quite isn’t the morning, or rather just the next day, Friday, any longer. One of the earliest companies to open its doors to millions of American consumers was Wal-Mart at 8 p.m. Thursday night, before many had finished spending time with their families. Many of Wal-Mart’s associates protested the busiest day of the holiday season to provide a message for top executives to increase wages. I probably would have protested, in addition to wages, the taking of viable and precious family time. As if work hasn’t consumed the lives of families already, making it impossible for

regular weekly evening dinner to happen with the family, but now, implicity stripping extra family hours to those on a repeatedly, planned, calendar holiday who expectantly need to work heavy hours to override a receivable amount in small wages. Fingers can be pointed all around the Wal-Mart round chair executive table. But the only finger we have to point is at the face that appears in the mirror. Why? For feeding in on exactly what companies and corporations want us to do. Find a need, and buy to fill that void, with the best deal on the block, even if it means skipping pumpkin pie and a tryptophan-induced nap. In fact, the irony of this ridiculous soirée – besides the utter lack of self control – is this impeccable marathon pictured and videoed each and every year on the news. Quite frankily, the deal you think you might be getting while shaving off hours of precious beauty sleep, in

fact will hit a rock bottom low price in the few weeks before Christmas. I took it upon myself this year to go Black Friday shopping simply as an observer. So, instead of insanely rushing to Target in the wee-hours of the evening for a 50-inch Plasma LED television (which no doubt I cannot afford on a college budget,) I easily awoke from my slumber at 7 a.m. to start the day off. Amidst shoppers of every kind and nature, I found myself in a zoo, embellished with dainty small chocolates, bright green and red lights, polished ornaments and plastic evergreens accompanied by the melodic croon of Bing Crosby’s White Christmas. I began to wonder, is this what Christmas is about? Have we gotten ourselves over that fine line we so desperately didn’t want to cross, and didn’t even know it? This line has been crossed for years and years, but this unsettling thought is pushed aside, because

who wants to believe that they, themselves, are hypocrits? One tweet about Black Friday read, “Black Friday: because only in America people trample each other for sales exactly one day after being thankful for what they already have.” In reserve, it’s safe to say the holiday has now given way to an extension of the already capitalistic mayhem. So what is it about a few dollars saved here and there, which has stricken us from enacting out our daily lives freely? While many people in other countries that don’t have enough food to keep their own children’s bellies full, they think of our country as they watch an overweight housewife stumble to the register with armful loads of candies and deep friers. In essence, maybe we’ve lost the meaning of not just one, but two, holidays. Were the early openings even effective? As I walked around the populated Bursville Center mall, I noticed

“Did you make it home for Thanksgiving this year?”

rachel varin, freshman, undecided “Yes, Maplewood, MN.”

Cortez hollis, junior, Business Management

Charles Langhorne, Junior, Sports management

“Yes, Milwaukee, WI.”

“Yes. St. Paul and Minneapolis, MN.”

that many of the shelves were still full, or at least the product still there. I can imagine it might be difficult for employees to staff for long hours and can get some of the employees unnerved, unrested and unhelpful. So why don’t stores open at their regular hours to maintain overnight and unsafe craziness – while many shoppers could be of an edlerly age looking to buy a toy for their granddaughter or grandson. Does the time of day really matter, or can we just stop all the fuss and resort back to opening at 9 or 10 a.m.? It doesn’t really take the thrill out of the chase – or does it? It most certainly has not solved the violent thrashing and pilage of people. Next year, I hope Americans and corporations both realize the reality in this insanity and move toward making common sense choices, because people, it’s just not worth it – even for an $8 waff le maker.

Compiled by Lela Magxaka

Saleh Alsagoor, Freshman, Finance

Kallie Leindecker, Sophomore, Marketing

“No, I am from Saudi Arabia.”

“Yes, to Andover, MN.”


Tuesday, November 27, 2012


Reporter • Page 5

‘Cyber Monday’ becoming huge moneymaker for online retailers

NEW YORK (AP) — Americans clicked away on their computers and smartphones for deals on Cyber Monday, which is expected to be the biggest online shopping day in history. Shoppers are expected to spend $1.5 billion on Cyber Monday, up 20 percent from last year, according to research firm comScore. That would not only make it the biggest online shopping day of the year, but the biggest since comScore started tracking shoppers' online buying habits in 2001. Online shopping was up 25.6 percent on Cyber Monday compared with the same time period a year ago, according to figures released Monday afternoon by IBM Benchmark, which tracks online sales. Sales from mobile devices, which include tablets, rose 10.9 percent. The group does not track dollar amount sales. The strong start to Cyber Monday, a term coined in 2005 by a shopping trade group that noticed people were doing a lot of shopping on their work computers on the Monday following Thanksgiving, comes after overall online sales rose significantly during the fourday holiday shopping weekend that began on Thanksgiving. "Online's piece of the holiday pie is growing every day, and all the key dates are growing with it," said Forrester Research analyst Sucharita Mulpuru. "The Web is becoming a more significant part of the traditional brick-and-mortar holiday shopping season." It's the latest sign that Americans are becoming

addicted to the convenience of the Web. With the growth in smartphones and tablet computers, shoppers can buy what they want, whenever they want, wherever they want. As a result, retailers have ramped up the deals they're offering on their websites during the holiday shopping season, a time when stores can make up to 40 percent of their annual revenue., which started its Cyber Monday deals at 12:01 a.m. Monday, is offering as much as 60 percent off a Panasonic VIERA 55-inch TV that's usually priced higher than $1,000. Sears is offering $430 off a Maytag washer and dryer, each on sale for $399. And Kmart is offering 75 percent off all of its diamond earrings and $60 off a 12-in-1 multigame table on sale for $89.99. Delisa O'Brien, 24, took advantage of some of the deals on Monday. O'Brien, who said she would rather shop online than deal with the crowds in stores, bought an H-P Notebook for $399 on Hewlett Packard's website for her mother. The company threw in a free Nook e-book reader with her purchase. "When it comes to Black Friday, I'm a tiny, 5'1" woman and the thought of having to push and shove my way through hoards of people just to get cheap merchandise is kind of a nightmare to me," said O'Brien, a Brooklyn, N.Y. resident. "My mom gets a new laptop, I get an e-reader, and all without spending too much money ... Everybody wins."

Chas Rowland, 34, a pastor in Vicksburg, Miss., agrees. He said that he prefers shopping online on his iPad. On Cyber Monday, he bought clothes at several online retailers, toys at Toys R Us and electronics and phone accessories from Best Buy. He got at least 40 percent off everything and free shipping on some items. "The best part was that I got to sleep while everyone else was standing in lines all night long on Black Friday," he said. How well retailers fare on Cyber Monday will offer insight into Americans' evolving shopping habits during the holiday shopping season. With the growth in high speed Internet access and the wide use of smartphones and tablets, people are relying less on their work computers to shop than they did when, the digital division of trade group The National Retail Federation, introduced the term "Cyber Monday." As a result, the period between Thanksgiving and Cyber Monday has become busy for online shopping as well. Indeed, online sales on Thanksgiving Day, traditionally not a popular day for online shopping, rose 32 percent over last year to $633 million, according to comScore. And online sales on Black Friday were up 26 percent from the same day last year, to $1.042 billion. It was the first time online sales on Black Friday surpassed $1 billion. For the holiday seasonto-date, comScore found that $13.7 billion has been spent

online, marking a 16 percent increase over last year. The research firm predicts that online sales will surpass 10 percent of total retail spending this holiday season. The National Retail Federation estimates that overall retail sales in November and December will be up 4.1 percent this year to $586.1 billion. But as other days become popular for online shopping, Cyber Monday may lose some of its cache. To be sure, Cyber Monday hasn't always been the biggest online shopping day. In fact, up until three years ago, that title was historically earned by the last day shop-

pers could order items with standard shipping rates and get them delivered before Christmas. That day changes every year, but usually falls in late December. Even though Cyber Monday is expected to be the biggest online shopping day of the year, industry watchers say it could just be a matter of time before other days take that ranking. "Of all the benchmark spending days, Thanksgiving is growing at the fastest rate, up 128 percent over the last five years," said Andrew Lipsman, a spokesman with comScore.

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Page 6 • Reporter


HURRICANE continued from 3 way line, it is far behind newer systems, like Bangkok, where most station entrances are raised several feet above street level. Defending the system from a major flood will likely require numerous changes to seal off its many entry points. One answer could come from researchers at West Virginia University, funded by the Department of Homeland Security, who are developing inflatable plugs to seal off underwater tunnels in case of a breach. A 16-foot-wide prototype was tested in the Washington, D.C., Metro system in 2008, with highly pressurized smoke proving its ability to seal off a tunnel with irregular contours, said Ever Barbero, a professor of aerospace and mechanical engineering at West Virginia who developed the plug. Barbero said plugs, which could be made to varying sizes, could also be used to seal highway tunnels like the ones that flooded in New York. After New York was hit by Sandy, "I told my co-workers we have our work cut out for us for the next 20 years," Barbero said. The subway system would be a particular challenge, requiring flood gates, plugs or some other closure at thousands of vulnerable openings. "A technology like this might be useful to plug certain points but it certainly is not an end-all, be-all answer to everything," said Dave Cadogan, director of engineering for Frederica, Del.based ILC Dover, which has a contract to manufacturer the plugs. He and Barbero estimate they are still a couple of years away from marketing the plugs, with ones similar to the prototype likely to sell initially for about $400,000. With Sandy pounding the coast, New York power supplier Con Edison preemptively shut down three networks serving parts of lower Manhattan and Brooklyn to prevent damage to equipment. But widespread outages were prolonged after a 14-foot surge inundated the utility's 13th Street substation, swamped critical gear located just over 11 feet above sea level, and caused an explosion. Also, above-ground lines in New Jersey and New York were taken down by falling trees. Moving or shielding key components of the electrical distribution system would alleviate such problems, but that will be more challenging in New York then in other areas of the country, said Carol J. Friedland, a civil engineer at Louisiana State University who has studied wind and flood damage. After hurricanes Katrina, Rita and Ike hit the Gulf Coast, some utilities elevated substations above the flood line. SLEMCO, a cooperative serving South-

west Louisiana, rebuilt three substations, raising them 13 feet above sea level, at a cost of $6.6 million. But all three substations were in a rural area, where a shortage of space, a premium on river views and construction noise are not at issue. "As long as you have sky above, you should be able to go up. Now whether the neighbors would appreciate it, now that's a horse of a different color. That's where I think you all would have issues" in New York's dense neighborhoods. "It all comes down to what is your priority," said Mary Laurent, the Louisiana utility's communications director. The region's utilities might also do more to break their distribution networks into more localized "microgrids," letting them limit outages to smaller areas, said Bill Zarakas of The Brattle Group, a Cambridge, Mass.-based economic consulting firm specializing in the electric power and utility industries. "Humans are not good at seeing the future if it hasn't yet happened to you, and once they see that, there's some easy solutions," Anderson said. After the 9/11 terrorist attacks, some Wall Street companies sped up efforts to move their back office operations away from lower Manhattan, protecting them by decentralizing. But most of that relocation has been done, and with the industry's strong attachment to New York, a renewed exodus is unlikely, said Mark Gibson, who leads Ernst & Young's construction and real estate advisory services practice. "Once you look at how water can get in ... then you have to calculate the flood loads and determine whether or not a building can accommodate

those loads," said Christopher P. Jones, a Durham, N.C., coastal engineer who works on floodresistant design. "There will be many cases, I'm sure, where flood-proofing the building will not be practical." One possibility is to erect site-specific gates around building perimeters. When the Potomac River rises, managers of the Washington Harbour complex in Georgetown, in the nation's capital, can raise a series of 17foot steel panels from concrete pockets underground. The panels, which cost about $1 million in 1983, have been raised more than 50 times since their installation, architect Arthur Cotton Moore said. The gates worked each time until an April 2011 flood, when operators failed to raise all of the panels fully, swamping some restaurants in 10 feet of water. Since even the largest gates have limits, it's at least as important to rethink how the city and its buildings can be redesigned to accommodate flooding and minimize damage, engineers said. New York building owners should reshuffle the way they use space in buildings, moving backup generators, electrical vaults and switches and computer systems out of basements and limiting ground floors to use as lobbies. The city building code could be revised to require such design changes. "You can't make New York City climate proof; what you can do is make New York City more adaptable," said Cas Holloway, the city's deputy mayor for operations. But surrendering the city's 539-mile coastline is not an option, he added. "''We're not going to be pulling back or away from the water or retreating from the water."

Tuesday, November 27, 2012

DEBT “I’m going to have to hold back from spending after I graduate for a while,” said Athletic Training major Thomas Boike. continued from 1 to6work with the fact that they are, according to a study conducted in 2011 by the Institute for College Success’ Project on Student Debt, among the highest in the state of Minnesota in terms of how deep in the financial hole students are at when they graduate. MSU finished with the fifth most debt among public schools in the state of Minnesota, totaling 29,415 dollars. This includes a higher average debt than nearby private, high tuition schools like Bethany Lutheran College and Gustavus Adolphus College. They also have a higher average debt than the University of Minnesota’s twin cities campus, a school with a higher tuition rate, and significantly higher living expense costs. According to the Project on Student Debt, two-thirds of college seniors graduating from non-profit four-year colleges in 2010 had student loan debt, and the average owed was up 5% from a year ago, coming out to a figure of $25,250. MSU matches up fairly evenly with the state average for student debt, rounding out at about $29,700. When compared to the national figures, debt is much higher than most schools. Nationally, Minnesota is ranked as the third highest state in terms of its student debt, sitting behind first place New Hampshire, and second place

Pennsylvania. In fact, nationally, debt has never been higher. In a study done by the U.S. Department of Education, its data suggests that the federal student loan default rate at its highest level in 14 years. In fact, the New York Federal Reserve had reported over five million student loan recipients have are overdue on at least one of their loan payments. That same study listed a total of 20 colleges as “low-debt,” averaging anywhere between $3,000 and $9,750. This list included some of the most expensive and prestigious colleges in the country, including Yale University and Hunter College in New York. All of this leads back to Mankato, a four-year public university with one of the lower tuition rates in the state. There are several factors involved with the figures listed, among them being family income of college students, along with the number of years it takes students to graduate. Numbers like these can mount up easily, and students all around campus have taken notice, and are trying to find ways to cut back spending as much as they can, both now and down the road. Despite all of this, Thomas Boike has one strategy to avoid any unnecessary spending for a while. “I’m going to have to hold off on having kids for a while.”

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As a Direct Support Professional for HMC, you will receive: • Paid orientation and training • Work schedules that consider your class schedule • Excellent wage: $9.18 per hour Monday-Friday and $10.18 per hour on Saturday & Sunday. • Work-site close to campus and on bus route • Valuable and rewarding experience. Currently accepting applications for: • Direct Support Professional Part-time One to three evening shifts during the week; every other Saturday and Sunday (8 hours rotating shifts); plus fill-in & holidays. Contact Jami DeVos, HR Director, for more information at 507-388-8972 or apply on line at our website:

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Rent begins at $382.50/mo.*

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Tuesday, November 27, 2012

Sports | (507) 389-5227







7:00 pm WRESTLING........................................vs. Newman University

FOR MORE COVERAGE OF your favorite Maverick TEAMS VISIT:

shannon rathmanner • msu reporter

Mavericks win overtime thriller, will face Missouri Western State Saturday Junior kicker Sam Brockshus came up in the clutch once again, nailing a 27-yard field goal in the second overtime to power MSU to victory and send them to the next round of playoff competition. JOEY DENTON

staff writer

It would take two halves and two overtimes, but in the end, the fifth ranked Minnesota State University, Mankato football team came out on top 3835 against Northwestern Missouri State to advance in the NCAA Division II playoffs. Even with a 21-0 advantage going in to halftime, the Bearcats weren’t going to go down easy as they crept back into the game and eventually tied it up at 28 with seven minutes to go in regulation. The game clock would show zeros, but the game wasn’t finished. After both squads scored touchdowns in the first overtime, the Mavericks selected to start the second overtime on defense and it paid off. On second and goal, Bearcats quarJustin Otto terback

No. 4 NWMSU No. 1 MSU

35 38

Trevor Adams took a shot in the end zone, but the ball fell into the hands of redshirt Sam Brockshus freshman cornerback Justin Otto for his first collegiate interception. “I was seeing the quarterback looking him down, so I just baited him a little bit and I was fortunate enough to make a play,” Otto said. Four plays later, the Mavericks set up junior kicker Sam Brockshus for a 27yard field goal to give them the win. Once the kick was up, the celebrating began. “I just saw it go up a little bit and I could tell it was going in then everyone ran at me, and I don’t know, it was a sense of relief,” Brockshus said. The Mavericks started the game off right getting three interceptions and scoring three touchdowns

in the first half, but the tide turned as the team coughed up a fumble and an interception, along with getting two punts blocked to allow the Bearcats back in the game. “Overall I thought our guys played an outstanding first half, and we would’ve loved to finish off the same way in the second half, but when you’re playing a great football team, a great football program like Northwest you expect to battle,” Acting Head Coach Aaron Keen said. The Mavericks compiled 236 rushing yards and three touchdowns on the ground, and sophomore running Andy Pfeiffer, who led the team with 120 yards, thought the offensive line played tough throughout the game. “We knew they were a very physical team going in to this, so it was a big thing that (the offensive line) were able to deny penetration and open up some holes,” Pfeiffer said. With the famous Mankato winds blowing

through Blakeslee Stadium at a steady 20 miles per hour, the Mavericks only threw the ball 19 times but they came up with some timely catches including sophomore receiver Keyvan Rudd’s juggling catch in the end zone to give the Mavericks a 28-14 lead in the fourth quarter. While the defensive did give up 188 yards on the ground, they came up with some timely turnovers to give their offense great field position and made a key defensive stand in the fourth, after the Bearcats recovered a Maverick fumble in MSU territory with 47 seconds to go. As the team sits at 12-0, this wasn’t the Mavericks first encounter with a single digit victory. Back in week three, the Mavericks thrived in St. Cloud to win 25-21, and at home against Southwest Minnesota State, the Andy Pfeiffer

squad won in double overtime 34-31, when Brockshus hit his first game winKeyvan Rudd ning field goal of the season. Coach Keen has seen the team pull through adversity all season and wasn’t surprised they pulled it off this weekend. “I think it’s shown throughout the course of this long year that our guys respond well to that type of pressure and those types of situations,” Coach Keen said. The top-seeded Mavericks will be hosting another NCAA playoff game Saturday as the no. 3 seeded Missouri Western State comes to play for the super region 3 championship. The 12-1 Griffons defeated Henderson State University 45-21 this past Saturday, and the two will match up at Blakeslee Stadium at noon.

Page 8 • Reporter


Tuesday, November 27, 2012

MSU earns weekend sweep over NSIC foe Wisconsin Senior Eriah Hayes’ three-goal weekend propelled MSU to two victories over Wisconsin and their first sweep iover the Badgers in school history.



School Bemidji State Augustana Northern State St. Cloud State Wayne State MAVERICKS Minot State Winona State Minnesota Duluth MSU Moorhead Minnesota Crookston U-Mary Sioux Falls Concordia St. Paul Upper Iowa SW Minnesota State

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School MAVERICKS MSU Moorhead Wayne State Augustana Sioux Falls St. Cloud State Minnesota Crookston Winona State Northern State Bemidji State Minnesota Duluth Upper Iowa SW Minnesota State Minot State Concordia St. Paul U-Mary

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news editor

It’s been nearly a month since the University of Wisconsin has managed a win within the confines of the boisterous Kohl Center and its raucous crowds. Fortunately for the Minnesota State University, Mankato men’s hockey team, the trend continued last weekend as the visiting Mavericks downed the Badgers via a pair of 4-2 scores. The meeting was MSU’s last trip to Wisconsin before the Badgers depart the WCHA for the newly formed Big 10 hockey conference, and the Mavericks made the most of it, as the Badgers failed to register a lead on the weekend. Freshman forward Dylan Margonari continued his impressive rookie campaign just two minutes into the game, flipping his third goal of the season past Badgers netminder Landon Peterson. It took Wisconsin’s Michael Mersch a little over a minute to respond, but the tie wouldn’t last. Sophomore Matt Leitner netted the first of his five points in the series at 10:18, redirecting Margonari’s pass five-hole to give the Mavericks a one-goal lead once again. Once again however, the Badgers were quick to respond, when senior Ryan Little generated a turnover, beating freshman

goaltender Stephon Williams at 11:57 to tie the game at 2-2. Senior Eriah Hayes broke the tie yet again early in the third period, blasting a powerplay chance and his third career game-winning goal past Peterson at 5:48 to make it 3-2. Senior Eli Zuck closed out the scoring with an empty net goal with less than a minute remaining, to give the Mavericks their first win at the Kohl Center since 2008. Leitner continued his big weekend at 4:38 of the first period on Saturday, beating Wisconsin’s Joel Rumpel glove side to give the Mavericks an early 1-0 lead. A five-on-three powerplay goal at 6:45 for would tie the game once again, but Eriah Hayes would respond with his second goal of the series at 13:45, batting the puck past Rumpel to make it 2-1. Freshman Max Gaede’s centering pass to fellow freshman Bryce Gervais gave the Mavericks their third goal of the period at 15:10, Gervais’ second of the season. Wisconsin sophomore Jake McCabe’s point shot was redirected by Michael Mersch just 49 seconds into the period to bring the Badgers within one, but the deflection would be the only goal of the middle frame. Eriah Hayes netted his second power play goal of the night, and

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pelled the sophomore into a three-way tie for seventh in the tightly contested WCHA scoring race, tying St. Cloud’s Drew LeBlanc and Denver’s Chris Knowlton. “I thought Matt Leitner was exceptional all weekend,” Head coach Mike Hastings said. “I thought he really stepped up as a sophomore tonight.” The Beavers are coming off of a three-point weekend against Alaska Anchorage, and will look to rebound in Mankato. The Mavericks and the Beavers face-off Friday at 7:37 at the Verizon Wireless Civic Center in Mankato, Minn.

shannon rathmanner • msu reporter Senior Eriah Hayes found the net three times over the weekend as MSU’s two victories put them in breathing distance of the top of the WCHA.


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third goal of the series, after a backhand feed by sophomore Jean-Paul Lafontaine to close out the scoring at 4-2, earning the Mavericks their first sweep of the Badgers in 44 meetings between the two teams. MSU is now 17-23-4 all-time against Wisconsin, and improve to 5-5-2 overall, including a 3-5-0 mark in the WCHA, and are now just 6 points shy of league-leading Denver. The Mavericks will have a chance to gain more ground next weekend, as MSU plays host to the 2-5-2 Bemidji State University Beavers. Leitner’s three points pro-

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Tuesday, November 27, 2012




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The Death of the Digital Copy Warner Brothers release of ‘UltraViolet’ shakes heads


web editor


he year 2008 was a pretty awesome time for the home video crowd. Not only had the new format, Blu-Ray, come out on top of the high-def wars of ’07 and soared to new popularity with big releases like Iron Man and The Dark Knight, but a new idea sprang forth called the Digital Copy. The basic premise was that when you bought a copy of the movie of your preference on Blu-Ray back then, they would include an extra disc for you to use on your computer through iTunes or Windows Media Player. Once there, you would follow the instructions and be given a copy of your movie for you to watch on your computer or to upload to

your mobile device. It was a really fast and convenient way of rewarding loyal customers. It was genuinely a good thing. But similar to what Billy Joel said, only the good die young. Traditional digital copies enjoyed their time in the sun for a good three years until last October when Warner Bros. decided to launch a new digital copy format called UltraViolet with their releases of Horrible Bosses and Green Lantern. Studios like Sony, Universal, and Paramount quickly followed suit to where now almost every major movie studio uses UltraViolet as their main digital copy format. Contrary to traditional digital copies, this is genuinely not a good thing, but to understand why is to first understand the difference between the two formats. When you get a normal Digital Copy, you are down-

loading and receiving a file on your computer. Once purchased, it will remain yours to watch, take up hard drive space, or to put on your mp3 device, tablet or phone to take up space. UltraViolet is not a download. UltraViolet is a streaming service. You set up an account with UltraViolet’s network and/or Flixter, and sign in to stream the movie from your computer or mobile device when you feel like it. The supposed reason the studios launched this new format was due to piracy issues, their favorite dead horse. It’s not a completely irrelevant excuse, nor is it hard to imagine the ease with which people can distribute a hard copy rather than trying to bum something off Amazon Instant Video or Netf lix’s streaming services. The problem is that we,

“Using a streaming service like UltraViolet automatically adds frustrating and unnecessary layers of complexity to the mix.” the devoted customers and movie lovers, are getting ripped off with a sub-par replacement for which we have less and less choice in the matter. Using a streaming service like UltraViolet automatically adds frustrating and unnecessary layers of complexity to the mix. Every time you try to watch a movie using the service, you must first sign in every time (sometimes more than once) before you can watch. Once in, you’re at the mercy of your internet speed for an uninterrupted viewing. If you’re attempting to watch a movie on the go, I hope you find wi-fi, a hot zone, or have a killer data plan, because if not, it’s going to wreak havoc on your monthly bill. These problems weren’t present before because once you jumped through the hoops with iTunes and got the thing downloaded, the hassle, or lack thereof, was basically done and only your battery life would likely pay for it. The glimmer of hope in all this is that UltraViolet hasn’t become the only option yet. Studios like Paramount, 20th Century Fox, Universal, and Lionsgate actually still give the courtesy to choose between UltraViolet or Digital Copy, with Disney (/Marvel/Lucasfilm) f lat out rejecting UltraViolet. Still Warner Bros and Sony are not so polite and provide only UltraViolet.

So if you’re looking forward to owning some of this year’s biggest movies from these two studios like The Amazing Spider-Man, Men in Black 3, The Dark Knight Rises, Looper, Argo, Cloud Atlas, and Skyfall for your digital media use, looks like it’s UltraViolet or nothing. And that leads into the more insulting aspect of the affair. We’re still paying the same amount for our BluRays as we did before, only now one aspect of the product’s quality is far inferior to its predecessor. It would stand to reason that if you’re going to buy a hard copy of the movie in the first place for your TV, you would appreciate a hard copy for your computer, not the equivalent of stagnant air. But don’t worry, if you want a standard Digital Copy you can always go to iTunes and purchase it for an additional 20 dollars! Just like the additional FBI warnings they’ve recently added before home videos, the studios aren’t targeting the pirates anymore, they’re targeting their own “valued” customers. UltraViolet is a poor, third-rate replacement to something that already worked great and to push towards it being the only digital copy system is a major step in the wrong direction. At the very least, give us the choice between the two or risk pushing us away further.

‘I love You Because’ sweeps MSU Off its Feet

Page 10 • Reporter


staff writer After Thanksgiving break has come and gone, most students are dreading the final three weeks of the semester. For those students who need a break from the daunting projects, papers and exams, the Minnesota State University, Mankato Department of Theatre and Dance has the perfect option: I Love You Because, a musical to be performed in the Andreas Theatre starting this weekend. I Love You Because will be showing at 7:30 p.m. Nov. 28 through Dec. 1. The show is directed by Adam Sahli, a third-year MFA Directing candidate, and this is the first time MSU will be performing this show. The music was written by Joshua Salzman, the book and lyrics were written by Ryan Cunningham and Larry Hochman wrote the orchestrations. The show, which was first


Tuesday, November 27, 2012

• web photo

performed off-broadway, opened in 2006. I Love You Because, a musical set in New York, is based on Jane Austen’s novel, Pride and Prejudice. According to the MSU webpage, I Love You Because is a story about how “young, uptight greeting card writer’s life is changed when he meets a f lighty photographer. Along with their eccentric friends and siblings, they learn to love each other not in spite of their faults but because of them.” There are six total actors and actresses in the musical, quite a small number for those who aren’t familiar with the typical musical cast of more than twenty. The show also has four main characters who are Marcy, Diana, Austin, Jeff. Two additional cast members who play a variety of chorus parts. The theme of the story is, quite obviously, love. “The show is about learning to love. I find it the best type of love story,”

said Ian Lah, a first year student who plays Austin Bennet in the show. “I mean it has the typical boy meets girl, but this show has to deal with their development as characters and realizing that they love people because of their little quirks.” For each show the department produces, there are various aspects of the performance that take a great deal of time an effort. This includes not only rehearsals, but also technical work. Sets must be built – lights must be put into place, sound cues must be made and much, much more. The show will be more than ready to open on the 28th, though there has been a great deal of work done to get to this point. “We were only given five or so weeks to get this show up and ready. So we hit it of hard, by the end of the second week the whole play had been blocked,” Lah said. “It was a real challenge we only had minuscule amount of time to

memorize all of the songs, lines and blocking.” With a cast of only six, each actor must shine in the performance, as there is no one to hide behind when on stage. “Since the play is such a small cast it made this process quite important. We have nowhere to hide. It is just us and the audience. For me there was a lot of writing I probably wrote all of my lines ten to twenty times,” Lah said. “The songs were a real challenge for me. Let me just say there were a lot of late nights in the practice rooms, with me, a cup of tea and the piano.” After all of this rehearsal, students, faculty and community members alike should all head out and see I Love You Because. “I think that the show is very moving. I find that the show reaches out and touches on the very essence of loving someone else,” Lah said. “The show is very much a show that I think everyone should see.”

But who exactly should go see it? According to Lah, anyone who loves a good chick f lick will love this show. “It is the perfect romantic comedy. It has the moving, heartwarming moments, and it has the moments that you might split your pants laughing,” Lah said. “I think that the show really speaks to the love that bonds relationships.” Musicals, even as a part of the studio season, tend to sell out quickly at MSU, so purchasing tickets as soon as possible is advised. Tickets are $10 for adults, $9 for senior citizens and kids 16 and under, and $8 for current MSU students. Tickets can be bought at the box office in the Earley Center of Performing Arts or can be bought online at the MSU webpage ( The box office is open Monday through Friday from 4 to 6 p.m. The phone number for the box office is 507-389-6661.




Tuesday,Tuesday, November November 27, 2012 27, 2012

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Page 12 • Reporter


Tuesday, November 27, 2012

November 27, 2012  

MSU Reporter

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