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Newark, New Jersey

MARKET STREET

Michael Lawson, Brad Stuart, and Daniel Dominguez

New Jersey Bike-Walk Coalition Conference Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey February 2013


Newark History

 • Founded in 1666, 3rd oldest major city in USA • Newark was an industrial power during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. • “White Flight” resulted in significant poverty and racial tension. • Race Riots in 1967 destroyed Springfield Avenue Business District. • Population of 442,337 at the 1930 census • Population of 277,140 at the 2010 census • Newark is finally growing again after 2010 census


Newark’s Renaissance

Redevelopment of key economic sections of the Ironbound and Downtown Newark during the past 2 decades.

Transportation Infrastructure: • • • •

Rail Transit and Industrial Rail Point of interconnectivity for North New Jersey’s major highways Newark Liberty International Airport Port Newark (Seaport)

Major college node in the University Heights district (50,000+ students)

Decline in crime rates and increase in redevelopment projects downtown

Arts & Cultural Events: Prudential Center and NJPAC


 Newark’s Renaissance

The Newark of Today and Tomorrow…


Branch Brook Park/ Sacred Heart Cathedral

Broad Street Station NJIT Gateway Project

Science Park

NJIT

University Heights

UMDNJ

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Riverfront Stadium

Newark Museum Rutgers

NJPAC

Harrison River Bend Redevelopment

ECC County Courthouse

Prudential

Seton Hall Law Panasonic Downtown Newark Penn Station Teachers Village Gateway Office Complex Prudential Center City Hall

Ferry Street District

Ironbound Newark Symphony Hall

Lincoln Park/ Coast District

Transportation Hub-Transit Station Location

Red Bull Arena


NJ Performing Arts Center Military Park

University Heights

Essex County Courthouse

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Prudential Headquarters

Four Corners

Gateway Complex Penn Station

Teachers Village Prudential Center

City Hall


Economic Corridor  • Market St was once the main economic corridor in Newark. • It was once home to Macy’s, Bamberger’s and many more high end department store/retail establishments. • It continues to be a site of economic activity, but with a much decreased level of activity.


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Historic Four Corners: Broad & Market


Blight and Congestion  • The Market St corridor suffers from a combination of blight and congestion. • Once a place of commerce and multi-modal transport, Market St is now a corridor of dangerous intersections and erratic traffic behavior.


Lack of Access 

• The Market St corridor lacks accommodations for multiple modes of traffic. • Major Newark bus node, but buses cannot travel effectively due to erratic traffic flow.

• Despite nearby Washington St getting its own Bike Path, Market St has nothing of the sort. • The corridor features large sidewalks, but they are empty, gray, and lack aesthetic appeal.


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The Problems with Market St


Pedestrian/ Bike 

• Bike Facilities are being added downtown • Large Pedestrian Sidewalks are present but need more activity

Washington St Bike Path

Large Market St Sidewalks


Market Street 

• Project area is along Market Street from the Essex County Courthouse to Newark Pennsylvania Station (Springfield Avenue to Aling Street) • Corridor includes many congested nodes and intersections. • The redesign emphasizes these nodes and makes the corridor multi-modal and safer for pedestrians and cyclists


Elements of Redesign 

The focus of the redesign will be to transform the Market St corridor into a place that can properly accommodate multi-modal transportation. This will be done through: • • • • • • •

Buffered bike lanes and bike parking Separated bus lanes Road diet for traffic calming Green Space and Aesthetic Enhancements Curb extensions Pedestrian refuge islands Redesigned Bus Stops for better accessibility


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Essex County Courthouse Plaza

 1 2 Washington Street

Sections 1 & 2 • Nodes:

Essex County Courthouse Plaza/ Roundabout Washington Street Plaza/ Green Spaces

• Improvements:

Roundabout, Curb Extensions, Green Space, Bike Lanes, Bus Lanes, Better Crosswalks, Street Furniture


Section 1

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Essex County Courthouse Plaza


Essex County Courthouse Plaza could be…


Section 1 Issues & Solutions

 • Problems: • •

There are three concrete traffic islands to guide traffic awkwardly through the intersection. The crosswalks are well marked and painted, but it is a zigzag pattern and is a disservice to all pedestrians, especially the disabled.

• Solutions: • • •

Elimination of all traffic islands and crosswalks. Replace entire intersection with a signalized roundabout to accommodate pedestrian crossing. Creation of a pedestrian area in the center of the roundabout with greenery, areas to sit down, and a small center fountain or piece of art.


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Section 1 Proposal


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Section 1 Proposal


Section 2


Section 2 Issues & Solutions • Problems: •

The intersection has too many turning lanes to attempt to accommodate car, but it creates such an awkward set up that it is a poor-quality intersection for all modes of transportation.

• Solutions: •

• • • • •

Elimination of the Washington St left turn lanes on the lower portion of the image. Reclaim that space from the street and turn it into urban green-space with seating. Permit cars to still turn left, but from the remaining left-most lane on Washington St. Realign crosswalks in a more symmetrical manner to better accommodate pedestrians. Add pedestrian islands in the center of the crosswalks. Create bike lane along the few blocks of Washington St that currently lack a bike lane. Connect new bike lane with new Market St bike lane, as well as the existing Washington St bike lane.


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Section 2 Proposal


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Section 2 Proposal


Four Corners

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Beaver Street

4 Mulberry Street

Sections 3 & 4 • Nodes:

Four Corners Historic District Mulberry Street/ Championship Plaza Beaver Street Pedestrian Zone

• Improvements:

Pedestrian Refuge Islands, Curb Extensions, Urban park, Bike Lanes, Bus Lanes, Better Crosswalks, Street Furniture


Section 3


Section 3 Issues and Solutions

 • Problems: • • •

There are 3 lanes moving in each direction. The lane closest to the curb accommodates parking, moving cars, and bus stops. Traffic Flow is so erratic that it is unsafe to bicycle on this stretch of road.

• Solutions: • • • • •

There is a lot of off street parking in the vicinity, eliminate on street parking. Lane diet. Reduce standard traffic lanes to 10 feet wide. Use additional room to accommodate a 5 foot bike lane going in each direction. With a 3 foot buffer. Create a dedicated bus lane for these two blocks that have a high concentration of bus stops. Pedestrian islands on the crosswalks of the Broad St and Market St intersection that do not have them yet.


BUS STOP

BUS STOP

Section 3 Proposal


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Section 3 Proposal


Section 4


Section 4 Issues & Solutions • Problems: • • •

There are 3 lanes moving in each direction. The lane closest to the curb accommodates parking, moving cars, and bus stops. Severe Urban Blight and underutilization of properties.

• Solutions: • • • • • • •

Eliminate on street parking. Lane diet. Reduce standard traffic lanes to 10 feet wide. Create a dedicated bus lane. Pedestrian islands on the crosswalks of the Broad St and Market St intersection that do not have them yet. Center median with trees and/or shrubs, trees & shrubs on the sidewalks. Redevelopment of parking lot across from “Championship Plaza” into public urban green space with sitting areas- pocket park. Cut-ins for bus stop just east of Mulberry St intersection.


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Section 4 Proposal


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Section 4 Proposal


Beaver Street Pedestrian Zone

 • This section is Beaver St. It is a street that bisects Market St on the block located between Broad St and Mulberry St. • Simple, but highly underutilized section that requires a creative solution. Mild level of Urban Blight. Occasionally could be used as pedestrian only area.


Beaver St 

What Beaver Street could be….


Alleyway Beautification Project

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www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded &v=SQLYZJElguY


Beaver Street Issues & Solutions

 • Problems: • •

Mildly Blighted. Highly Underutilized.

• Solutions: • • • •

Permanently eliminate automobile traffic through Beaver St. Turn into a pedestrian street. Encourage development of cafés with outside seating on Beaver St. Possible section for street-side art gallery or farmer’s market Leave exposed brick street for aesthetics.


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Beaver Street Proposal


5

McCarter Highway

Section 5 • Nodes:

McCarter Highway/ Gateway Complex

• Improvements:

Pedestrian Refuge Islands, Curb Extensions, Bike Lanes, Bus Lanes, Better Crosswalks, Street Furniture, Urban Redevelopment


Penn Station Area Redesign

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Section 5 Issues and Solutions

 • Problems: • • •

No Multi-Modal connectivity. Gray and bland. Unwelcoming Very long crosswalks at Route 21 intersection.

• Solutions: • • •

Extend bike lanes all the way east to Penn Plaza. Addition of trees and shrubs along sidewalk to add greenery to the built environment. Install pedestrian islands at each of the crosswalks at the intersection of Market St and Route 21.


PROPOSED REDEVELOPMENT PROPOSED REDEVELOPMENT

Section 5 Proposal


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Section 5 Proposal


Market Street  • • • • •

Safety and Economic Revitalization Accommodating Alternative Modes of Travel Bus and Mass Transit Connectivity Connection of Nodes and Downtown Amenities Better intersection Design for Pedestrian Safety

Newark’s Next Urban


Thank You

Newark, New Jersey

MARKET STREET


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Market Street Complete Streets Plan  
Market Street Complete Streets Plan  

Market Street Complete Streets Plan

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