i nfoPORT Reconnecting the City to its lPort Newark, NJ
? to its URBAN FRONTIER
How do you
Jobs Information Sustainabaility Improved Air Quality Community Involvement
Community : Ironbound
Air Pollution/ Truck Idling Lack of Port Knowledge Red Tape/ Bureaucracy Education/ Skills Poverty
Issues: reconnecting the port to its city
Frontier : Port Newark
Port Authority of New York & New Jersey The Port Authority of New York & New Jersey oversees issues related to transportation and trade networks in the New Jersey/New York area. Port Authority facilities include regional airports, bridges, tunnels, marine terminals and ports, the PATH Transit system, the World Trade Center and the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Manhattan. Rotterdam Southampton New York/ New Jersey
Shanghai Hong Kong
PAT HR ailr oa d
New York City
Port-Related Industrial Area
Newark Liberty Intâ€™l Airport
largest port in US
Global Maritime Terminal
Elizabeth Maritime Terminal
280,000 Jobs Handled$149 in goods in 2006
New York Harbor
Howland Hook Maritime Terminal
NY/ NJ Port & Port-Related Areas
URBAN FRONTIER: port newark
PORTS are the backbone of the modern economy
where PORT and COMMUNITY intersect Newark’s Ironbound is a predominantly Portuguese and Brazilian neighborhood, with many immigrants. The Ironbound has an abundant mix of cultures, including Puerto Rican, Cuban, Italian, Slavic, Lithuanian, Jewish, German, Irish and African American, all working and winding their way through the neighborhood´s narrow streets.
In the 19th century, when trains transported everything from people to produce to products, the Ironbound was literally bound by the iron railroad tracks that ran through Newark´s East Ward. The name Ironbound came from the rail tracks that surrounded the area when the railroads were constructed during the 1830s. The nickname Down Neck, which the Ironbound is also referred to as came from the Passaic River defining the northern neck of the neighborhood.
Poverty and education remains a consistent problem in Newark, despite its revitalization in recent years. As of 2010, roughly one-third of the city's population is impoverished and the Newark Public School Districts ranks amongst the worst in New Jersey. Ironbound boasts Newark’s most vibrant neighborhood with numerous cultural restaurants and a diverse immigrant population. Over the past few years, as Newark has added several arts and entertainment venues as part of the city’s renaissance, the Ironbound has prospered but still struggles with the lingering past industrial issues that plague communities adjacent to ports.
Port Newark is the nation’s third largest trade hub, but drivers and local communities (the Ironbound) have not shared in the billions of dollars of economic benefits that port commerce has generated for corporations in the international shipping industry. Port-adjacent communities carry the economic and environmental burdens of a chaotic port trucking system.
Source: www.flickr.com, msnbc.msn.com
BACKGROUND: newark’s ironbound
ironbound’s DISCONNECT with it’s port
College degree Less than 12th 15% grade Some college, no 32% degree 16% HS grad/equivalent 37%
Lack of Information and Skills The Ironbound shares a physical border with the port--but little else. Very few workers in the Ironbound have the skills to be able to access port-related jobs and suffer from high unemployment. Moreover, there is a general disconnect between the port and the community it so deeply affects.
Source: US Census Bureau, 2010
Newark Ethnic Ratio Mix Asian, 2%
African American, 52%
Pass Pa s aic ss aiic Riveer
New warkk’s Iro onb bound Source: US Census Bureau, 2010
Port Newark/ Newarkk Liberty Int’l Airp port
Air Quality in the Ironbound The Ironbound Community is surrounded by multiple, cumulative and disproportionate air pollution impact from about 300 permitted facilities including the state's largest municipal solid waste incinerator, power plants, generating stations, chemical plants, the Port, Newark Airport, and major highways. Truck idling on local streets adds to the deterioration of air quality along with creating hindrance to traffic. Currently the Ironbound falls under the designated Nonattainment Areas for Carbon Monoxide maintenance, 8 hour ozone and particulate matter greater than 2.5 micrometers. This is contributing to an increase in air pollution and higher asthma rates among the residents. Newark Bay
LOCATION: information + air quality
Newark Education Level
The current site consists of a gated park and swaths of concrete that serve as quasi parking lots. Recycled shipping containers can easily be converted to serve as self-contained units for the design of the infoPORT. Solar panels provide power and internal wiring runs under the floorboards. A “shipping” character is seen in both the design’s container units and the ship-themed playground. Roads leading to the site have been narrowed and fitted with pedestrian islands and more prominently-marked crosswalks, making the area between the train station and the popular Ferry Street district more accessible.
Water/ Sewage Tanks
Second Floor Meeting Room/ Office
Newark Pennsylvania Station
Mark et Str eet
Mark et Str eet e Av ad li ro Ra NJ
rr Fe et
SOLUTION: information center
RECONNECTING with container architecture
Site Plan Section 1
SOLUTION: information center
Amenities: Information booth with coffee bar, supporting workfroce development related to the port and port initiatives. Gallery space to exhibit art and port related exhibits to educate the community. Classroom space, both inside and outdoors, for classes on workforce development relating to short haul and long haul trucking.
Developable Land/ Expansion
New Jersey Turnpike Exit 15E Port Newark
Short Haul Truck IdleAire Facility- Electricity Hook-Up w/Solar Panels
I w nter Je sta rse te y T 95 ur np ike
Idling trucks emit high levels of particulate matter into the atmosphere. Our facility provides the infrastructure for trucks to electronically plug-in and thus reduce their trucksâ€™ idling time. These systems are powered by solar panels on structure above the truck parking, providing power power and shade for the truck stop. An amenity center is also available for short haul truckers.
9 1 & way s ute ky Ro ski S la Pa From Highway
SOLUTION: non-idling zone
IDLING + air quality
To Port Source: www.ecofriend.com
developing better SHORT HAUL trucking environments
SOLUTION: non-idling zone
The companies at the port who hire trucks to transport their goods do not take any responsibility for the conditions of the trucks, leading to the use of very old and polluting trucks. There is no designated spot for the truck drivers to halt while waiting to pick up or drop off goods at the port, largely leading to truck idling in the adjacent Ironbound Community. Port Truck Congestion leads to a high cost of doing business in Newark. The site proposed for the truck stop is ideal · Vacant site with a huge parking lot and a dilapidated Theater building which is not in use since early 90s. · Surrounded by major highways leading to easy movement of trucks · Segregated from the neighboring community, making it possible to keep the trucks away from residences. Components/Design Consideration · 85 truck parking spaces with simplified truck movement · Idle air hook up connections for each truck · Solar panels to generate electricity for the facility · Amenity Center with Lounge, Café, Bathrooms, and Multi-purpose room to act as class rooms. · Retention base · Car parking for employees at the truck stop. Truck stop would · Remove truck idling traffic and from Ironbound neighborhood. · Create comfortable and hygienic stop for truck drivers · Act as work force development center for the truck drivers · Create a space where truck drivers can be educated about their rights and source of support to fight exploitation.
Source: www.healthyports.org, www.buzznet.com, www.yelp.com
PHASE 2: Non-idling zone Outcomes Workforce development classes that provide access to port-related jobs. Opportunity Network projects that 1,025 jobs will be added to the transportation, logistics and distribution services. Providing Newark residents with the training necessary for these positions will increase the likelihood of their being hired. A center for community members to learn about how the port affects their community. Capitalizing on the character of Newark being a port city and informing residents of the portâ€™s affects helps create a more realistic dialougue of conflicts and soluations. Fewer idling trucks and reduced air pollution and lowered occurances of pollution-induced illnesses. The Clean Air Task Force Estimates that 3,290 premature deaths in the NY/Newark/Edison are could be avoided each year by limiting exposure to soot. To make this project possible, infoPort has partnered with the Ironbound Community Corporation. This endeavor is unique due to the fact that the project engages the community rather than relying on a government agency, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey for solutions.
Outcomes: reconnecting the port to its city
PHASE 1: infoPORT
AECOME Urban Frontiers International Competition Entry, Top 30 Finisher