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HERITAGE DIARY KENT & EAST SUSSEX LIGHT RAILWAY May3-7,10-11,13-14,17-18,24-June1, 3-4,7-8,10-11,14-15,17-18,21-22, 24-26,28-29 TenterdenTN30 6HE (01580 765155). Events: May 17-18 1940sWeekend, 24 40th Anniversary Gala, June 13-14 Real Ale & Cider Festival, 28-29WW1Weekend. KEW BRIDGE STEAM MUSEUM OpenTuesday-Sunday(11.00-16.00) Green Dragon Lane, BrentfordTW8 OEN (Kew Bridge station) (020 8568 4757). KIRKLEES LIGHT RAILWAY May3-5,10-11,17-18,24-June1,4-8, 11-15,18-22,25-29 ClaytonWest station, Huddersfield (01484 865727). Events: May 17-18 Days OutWithThomas, June 7-8 Olly OwlWeekend. LAKESIDE & HAVERTHWAITE RAILWAY Daily(untilNovember2) Haverthwaite station, Ulverston, Cumbria LA12 8AL (01539 531594). LARTIGUE MONORAIL May1-September13 John B Keane Road, Listowel, Co Kerry, Ireland (00 353(0) 6824393). Open: 14.00-16.00. LAUNCESTON STEAM RAILWAY May18-23,25-30,June1-3,8-10,15-17, 22-24,29-July4 StThomas Road, Launceston, Cornwall PL15 8DA (01825 750515). LAVENDER LINE May4-5,11,18,25-26,June1,8,15, 22,29 Isfield station, Uckfield, East SussexTN22 5XB (01825 750515). LEIGHTON BUZZARD RAILWAY May4-5,11,18,25-26,28,June1,4,8,11, 15,18,22,25,29 Page’s Park station, Billington Road, Leighton Buzzard LU7 4TN (01525 373888). LINCOLNSHIRE COAST LIGHT RAILWAY May24-25,July26 SkegnessWater Leisure Park,Walls Lane, Ingoldmells, Skegness. LINCOLNSHIRE WOLDS RAILWAY May4-5,25-26,June15,29 Ludborough station, Grimsby DN35 5QS (01507 363881). Events: May 25-26Teddy Bears’Weekend. LLANBERIS LAKE RAILWAY May1-9,11-16,18-September5 Gilfach Ddu, Llanberis, Caernarfon, Gwynedd LL55 4TY (01286 870549). LLANGOLLEN RAILWAY Daily(untilSeptember28) The Station, Abbey Road, Llangollen LL20 8SN (01978 860979). Events: May 10-11Teddy Bears’Picnic, 31-June 1 Days OutWithThomas, 21-22 Heritage Railcar Gala. LOCOMOTION: THE NRM AT SHILDON Opendaily(10.00-16.00) Shildon, Co Durham. Free admission (01388 777999). LONDON TRANSPORT MUSEUM Opendaily Covent Garden Piazza, LondonWC2E 7BB (020 7565 7299 - 24-hour recorded information; 020 7379 6344 - switchboard). LONDON TRANSPORT MUSEUM DEPOT GuidedtoursonMay30-31,June27-28 2 MuseumWay, 118-120 Gunnersbury Lane, London W3. Check the website for more open weekends and guided tours – Tickets for guided tours (11.00 and 14.00) must be pre-booked – book online or telephone the booking office on 020 7565 7298. LYNTON & BARNSTAPLE RAILWAY May3-8,10-11,13-15,17-18,20-22, 24-June1,3-8,10-15,17-22, 24-September25 Woody Bay station, Parracombe, Devon EX31 4RA (01598 763487). Events: May 10-11 SpringVintageWeekend. MANGAPPS RAILWAY MUSEUM May3-5,10-11,17-18,24-26,31-June1, 7-8,14-15,21-22,28-29 Southminster Road, Burnham-on-Crouch, Essex (01621 784898).

MANX ELECTRIC RAILWAY DailyfromApril4 Douglas, Isle of Man. MAUD RAILWAY MUSEUM Opennoon-16.00(ringmuseumto confirm) Station Road, Maud, Aberdeenshire AB42 5LY. (01771 622906). Enquiries to MIDDLETON RAILWAY May3-5,10-11,17-18,24-26,31-June1, 7-8,14-15,21-22,28-29 The Middleton RailwayTrust Ltd,The Station, Moor Road, Hunslet, Leeds LS10 2JQ (0113 271 0320). Events: June 7-8 Diesel Gala. MIDHANTS RAILWAY May3-8,10-11,13-15,17-18,20-22, 24-26,31-June1,3-5,7-8,10-12,14-15, 17-19,21-22,24-26,28-29 The Station, Alresford, Hants SO24 9JG (01962 733810). Events: May 18Watercress Festival, 26-June 1 Peppa Pig, 14-15War on the Line, 21-22 Dene Rally. MIDLAND RAILWAYBUTTERLEY May3-5,10-11,17-18,24-27,31-June1, 7-8,14-15,21-22,28-29 Butterley Station, Ripley, Derbyshire (01773 747674). Events: May 3-5VintageTrainWeekend, 17-18 (and June 15) Steam & DieselWeekend, 24-27 Jinty’s BigWeekend, June 7-8 1940s Home Front. MIDNORFOLK RAILWAY May3-5,7,10-11,14,17-18,21,24-28, 30-June1,4-5,7-8,11-12,14-15,18-19, 21-22,26-29 Station Road, Dereham, Norfolk (01362 690633). Events: May 3-5Vintage Bus & RailcarWeekends, 24-26 Peppa Pig, 30-June 1 Special Event, 26-29 Summer Steam Gala. MIDSUFFOLK RAILWAY May4-5,25-26,29,June22,July13,27, 31 Brockford station,Wetheringsett, Stowmarket IP14 5PW (01449 766899). Events: May 4-5 Middy in theWarYears, 25-26, 29 Light Railway Days, June 22 Goods by Road & Rail. MONKWEARMOUTH STATION MUSEUM OpenMonday-Saturday(10.00-17.00), Sunday(14.00-17.00) North Bridge St, Sunderland SR5 1AP (0191 567 7075). Free admission. MUSEUM OF RAIL TRAVEL Opendaily(11.00-16.00) Ingrow Railway Centre (on A629 Keighley-Halifax road), South Street, Keighley,WestYorkshire BD21 5AX (01535 680425). MUSEUM OF SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY Opendaily(10.00-17.00) Liverpool Road, Castlefield, Manchester M3 4FP (0161 832 2244). Free admission. NATIONAL COAL MINING MUSEUM Opendaily(10.00-17.00) Caphouse Colliery, New Road, Overton,Wakefield WF4 4RH (01924 848806). Free admission. NATIONAL RAILWAY MUSEUM Opendaily(10.00-18.00) Leeman Road,York (0844 8153 139). Free admission. Events: July 5-6Velocipede Rally. NENE VALLEY RAILWAY May3-5,7,10-11,14,16-18,21,24-29, 31-June1,4-5,7-8,11,14-15,18,21-22, 25,28-29 Wansford station, Stibbington, Peterborough (01780 784444). Events: May 10-11 Steam Punk Event, 16-18 Diesel Gala June 21 Steaming Blues. NORTHAMPTON & LAMPORT RAILWAY May3-5,11,18,24-26,June1,8,15, 22,29 Brampton station, Chapel Brampton, Northants NN6 8BA (01604 820327). Events: May 3-5Teddy Bears’Weekend. NORTH NORFOLK RAILWAY Daily(untilNovember2) The Station, Sheringham NR26 8RA (01263 820800). Events: May 3-5 Days OutWithThomas, 24-25 Dad’s Army Live!, June 13-15 Summer Diesel Gala. NORTH YORKSHIRE MOORS RAILWAY Daily(untilJuly4) Pickering stationYO18 7AJ (01751 472508). Events: May 2-5 Spring Steam Gala, 17-18 FamilyVolunteeringWeekend, 24-June 2

110 • The Railway Magazine • May 2014

Wizard of OzWeek, 14-15 Swinging Sixties. OLD KILN LIGHT RAILWAY April19,May10-11,25,31-June1 Rural Life Centre, Reeds Road,Tilford, Farnham, Surrey GU10 2DL. Events: May 10-11Village atWar, 25 Bus Rally, 31-June 1 CSVAC Rally. PEAK RAIL May3-7,10-11, 13-14,17-18,20-21, 24-28,31-June1,3-4,7-8,10-11,14-15, 17-18,21-22,24-25,28-29 Matlock station, Derbyshire DE4 3NA (01629 580381). Events: May 24-26 MixedTraffic Event, June 15 Peak Park Preserved Bus Gathering, 22Vintage Car Rally. PERRYGROVE RAILWAY May3-5,10-11,17-18,24-June1,7-8, 14-15,21-22,28-29 Perrygrove Road, Coleford, Gloucs GL16 8QB (01594 834991). Events: May 10-11 Mr Chuffity Family Fun Days, June 8 Diesel Day. PONTYPOOL & BLAENAVON RAILWAY May3-5,10-11,17-18,24-26,31-June1, 7-8,14-15,21-22,28-29 Off B4248 between Blaenavon and Brynmawr RAVENGLASS & ESKDALE RAILWAY Daily(untilNovember2) Ravenglass, Cumbria (01229 717171). RHIW VALLEY LIGHT RAILWAY May3-4,June7-8,July5-6 Manafon, Berriew, Powys. RHYL MINIATURE RAILWAY May3-5,10-11,17-18,24-June1 Central Station, Marine Lake,Wellington Road, Rhyl LL18 1LN (01352 759109). Events: May 24-26 WizardWeekend, July 6 RaceTheTrain. RIBBLE STEAM RAILWAY May3-5,10-11,17-18,24-26,28,31-June 1,7-8,14-15,21-22,28-29 Albert Edward Dock, Riversway Docklands, Preston. Events: June 15 Fathers’Day Classic Cars. ROMNEY, HYTHE & DYMCHURCH RAILWAY Daily(untilNovember2) New Romney station, Kent (01797 362353/6). RUDYARD LAKE RAILWAY May3-5,10-11,17-18,24-June1,4,7-8, 11,14-15,18,21-22,25,28-29 Rudyard station, Rudyard Road, Rudyard, Leek, Staffs ST13 8PF (01538 306704). RUSHDEN, HIGHAM AND WELLINGBOROUGH RAILWAY OpenSaturday(14.00-16.00), Sunday(10.00-16.00) RushdenTransport Museum, Rushden station, Station Approach, Rushden, Northants NN10 0AW (01933 353111). Events: May 25-26 Superheroes andVillains, June 21 Armed Forces Day. RUTLAND RAILWAY MUSEUM  ROCKS BY RAIL May18,June15,July20 Ashwell Road, Cottesmore, Oakham LE15 7BX (01572 813203 or 01780 764118 after 16.00). General opening hours onTuesdays,Thursdays and Sundays: 10.00-17.00 (last admission 16.00). SCOTTISH INDUSTRIAL RAILWAY CENTRE (operatedbytheAyrshire RailwayPreservationGroup) June29,July6,13,20,27 Dunaskin Heritage Centre, Dalmellington Road, Waterside, Patna, Ayrshire, KA6 7JF (01292 313579 evenings and weekends). SEVERN VALLEY RAILWAY May3-5,10-11,17-18,24-26, 31-October5 Bewdley,Worcs DY12 1BG (01299 403816). Events: May 10-11 Peppa Pig, June 28-29 & July 5-6 Step Back to the 1940s. Check website for details of dining opportunities. SHIPLEY GLEN TRAMWAY May3-5,10-11,17-18,24-26,31-June1, 7-8,14-15,21-22,28-29 Prod Lane, Baildon,WestYorkshire, BD17 5BN (07773 001250). SITTINGBOURNE & KEMSLEY LIGHT RAILWAY May4-5,11,18,25-26,June1,8,15, 22,29 Viaduct station, Sittingbourne, Kent ME10 2DZ (01795 424899). Events: May 4-5 Jack the Station Cat & Edward BearWeekend.

SNAEFELL MOUNTAIN RAILWAY Daily(untilOctober5) Laxey station, Snaefell, Isle of Man. (01624 675222). SOMERSET & DORSET RAILWAY OpenSunday(10.00-16.00)forstatic viewingandMonday(13.00-16.00) Midsomer Norton South station, Silver Street, Midsomer Norton, Avon BA3 2EY (01761 411221). SOUTH DEVON RAILWAY Daily(untilNovember2) The Station, Buckfastleigh, Devon (0845 345 1420). Events: May 3-5 Days OutWithThomas, 23-26 BR MixedTractionWeekend and Spring Ale Festival, July 5-6 MilitaryWeekend. SOUTH TYNEDALE RAILWAY May1-6,8,10-11,13,15,17-18, 20,22, 24-June1,3,5,7-8,10,12,14-15,17,19, 21-22,24,26,28-29. The Station, Alston, Cumbria CA9 3JB (01434 381696; Talking timetable 01434 382828). SPA VALLEY RAILWAY May3-5,10-11,17-18,24-26,29-June1, 5,7-8,12,14-15,19,21-22,26,28-29 West Station, RoyalTunbridgeWells, Kent,TN2 5QY (01892 537715). Events: May 10-11, 17-18 Days OutWithThomas, June 28-29Visit the 1940s. ST ALBANS SOUTH SIGNALBOX May11,25,June8,22,July13,27 Ridgmont Road, St Albans AL1 3AJ. Open: 14.00-17.00. STATFOLD BARN RAILWAY June7,September13 The private railway atTamworth, Staffordshire, is not open to the public, but two enthusiasts’days are listed above and interested readers may apply for an invitation to one of these events. More details: STEAMRAILWAY MUSEUM OF THE GWR Opendaily(10.00-17.00) Kemble Drive, Swindon SN2 2TA (01793 466646). The library and archive is open Monday to Friday (10.00-16.00) by appointment only (01793 466607). STEEPLE GRANGE LIGHT RAILWAY May4-5,11,18,25-26,June1,8,15, 22,29 Steeplehouse station, Old Porter Lane,Wirksworth, Derbyshire (DE4 4LS for sat navs) (07769 802587). STEPHENSON RAILWAY MUSEUM May4-5,11,18,25-26,June1,8,15, 22,29 NorthTyneside Steam Railway Association, Middle Engine Lane,West Chirton, North Shields NE29 8DX (0191 2007146). STRATHSPEY RAILWAY May3-5,7-8,10-11,14-15,17-18,21-22, 24-26,28-29,31-June1,4-8,11-15, 18-22,25-29 Aviemore station, Dalfaber Road, Inverness-shire (01479 810725). SUTTON HALL RAILWAY Ringrailwayforrunningdays Tabors Farm, Sutton Hall, Shopland Road, Rochford, Essex SS4 1LQ (01702 334337). SWANAGE RAILWAY Daily(untilNovember2) Swanage station, Dorset BH19 1HB (01929 425800). Events: May 9-11 Diesel Gala. SWINDON & CRICKLADE RAILWAY May3-5,10-11,17-18,24-26,28, 31-June1,7-8,14-15,21-22,28-29 Tadpole Lane, Blunsdon, Swindon SN25 2DA (01793 771615). Events: May 3-5 Kids Go FreeWeekend. TALYLLYN RAILWAY Daily(untilNovember2) Wharf station,Tywyn, Gwynedd LL36 9EY (01654 710472). Museum open (10.00-14.00). Events: May 27 Duncan’s Day, June 5, 12, 19, 26VictorianTrains. TANFIELD RAILWAY May3-5,10-11,18,24-26,31-June1,8, 14-15,22,28-29 Marley Hill Engine Shed, Old Marley Hill, Gateshead, Tyne &Wear NE16 5ET (for sat navs) (0845 463 4938). Events: May 3-11, 16, 24-26, 31-June 1 Iron175 events – see website for details. TEIFI VALLEY RAILWAY Seewebsiteforrunningdates Henllan station, Henllan, Llandysul SA44 5TD

(01559 371077). TELFORD STEAM RAILWAY Seewebsiteforrunningdates Old Loco Shed, Bridge Road, Horsehay,Telford TF4 2NF (07765 858348). TWYFORD WATERWORKS May4,June1,July6 Hazeley Road,Twyford,Winchester, Hampshire SO21 1QA (01962 714716). Events: May 4 Spring Rally, June 1 Railway gala. VALE OF RHEIDOL RAILWAY Daily(untilOctober2) Park Avenue, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion SY23 1PG (01970 625819). WELSH HIGHLAND RAILWAY C May1,3-8,10-June5,7-12,14-19,21-26, 28-October2 Harbour station, Porthmadog, Gwynedd LL49 9NF (01766 516000). (Bookings: Porthmadog 01766 516024, Caernarfon 01286 677018). WELSH HIGHLAND HERITAGE RAILWAY April5-6,8-10,12-13,15-27, 29-August31 The Station,Tremadog Road, Porthmadog, Gwynedd LL49 9DY (01766 513402). WELSHPOOL & LLANFAIR LIGHT RAILWAY May3-5,10-11,17-18,20-22,24-June1, 3-5,7-8,10-12,14-15,17-19,21-22, 24-26,28-29 The Station, Llanfair Caereinion,Welshpool, Powys SY21 0SF (01938 810441). WENSLEYDALE RAILWAY Checkwithwebsiteforrunningdates, duetolandslipatAkebar Leeming Bar station, Leases Road, Leeming Bar, Northallerton, NorthYorkshire DL7 9AR (Ticketline 08454 50 54 74). WEST LANCASHIRE LIGHT RAILWAY May4-5,11,18,25-26,June1,8,15, 22,29 Station Road, Hesketh Bank, Preston, Lancs PR4 6SP (01772 815881). Events: April 6 Friendly Engines Day, May 4Teddy Bears’Outing. WEST SOMERSET RAILWAY May3-5,10-11,17-18,24-26, 31-October5 The Railway Station, Minehead, SomersetTA24 5BG (01643 704996). Events: June 6-8 MixedTractionWeekend. See website for dining trains. WHITWELL & REEPHAM STATION May3-4,10-11,17-18,24-25,28, 31-June1,7-8,14-15,21-22,28-29 Whitwell Road, Reepham, Norfolk NR10 4GA. Station and loco yard open every weekend. Steam days held on first Sunday of each month. Midweek visits by appointment. Events: May 11 and June 29 Cycle Sportives UK event, 28 Fakenham Auto Club meeting, June 1 Members’Day & Reunion. YEOVIL RAILWAY CENTRE May4,10-11,18,31-June1,15 Yeovil Junction station, Stofold,Yeovil, Somerset BA22 9UU. Shop open every Sunday (10.00-12.00). Events: May 10-11 Model Railway Exhibition, 31-June 1 20th anniversary celebrations. Youreventshouldbeinhere. The Railway Magazine is anxious to learn all about your rail-related events. Contact Jon Longman,The Railway Magazine, Mortons Media Ltd, Horncastle, Lincs LN9 6JR or email Event organisers – please ensure that your entry has contact details and let us have your entries by the deadline (see page 108 for details). It is advisable to contact the event organiser before setting out on your journey as we cannot be held responsible for any inaccuracies or changes in event details. Please note that many museums’opening times may be subject to change on public holidays.


May 2014. No. 1,358. Vol 160. A journal of record since 1897

Headline News

On the cover MAIN IMAGE: Approaching Ais Gill summit on April 11 are DRS Type 3 Nos. 37259 and 37425, with 37409 on the rear hauling the special to mark the 25th anniversary since the line was saved from closure. TOM McATEE

Another new livery for Class 20s. See p10.

Dawlish reopens, but £16million compensation paid to operators; Crossrail extends to Reading; Direct awards to Northern and Greater Anglia; IEP mock-up displayed; S&C reprieve marked; Frames rolled for P2 No. 2007;Wolsztyn steam to return.

INSET 1: Rebirth of a ‘Patriot’: No. 45519 at Longsight - see p14. COLOUR RAIL

INSET 2: Now in blue, No. 50007 Hercules at the Mid-Norfolk gala. COLIN MACKROW

Track Record The Railway Magazine’s monthly news digest 79 Traction Update

Scrapped, sold, renumbered, repainted? Full details here.

80 Traction Portfolio 83 Network

£170million investment for north-east Scotland; Past splendour revealed at Nottingham; Hourly Cambrian plan.

87 Railtours

Track condition could cost loco owners; CompassTours in charity fundraising deal; GSMR niggles cause problems.

90 Classic Traction

Colas buys redundant Class 60s. See p77.

64 Steam & Heritage

Corwen extension to open in summer?‘Mallard 75’attracts one million visitors; Eight to steam for Cotswold gala.

72 Steam Portfolio 74 Freight 76 Traction & Stock

Colas buys Class 60s from DB Schenker; Chiltern to sub-lease DRS Class 68s; X-factor for‘Pendolino’; First Class 318 refreshed.

Dartmouth“Rat”goes blue; Shunter trio star at Avon Valley.

95 Narrow Gauge

More Antiguan locos arrive; Seven in frame forThrelkeld event.

98 World

Ageing DB electrics fill shortfalls; Chinese keep steam until at least 2016; Poor-loading Canadian services axed.

101 Metro

Metrolink reaches Rochdale; DLR station moves south.

102 Operations

News from the train and freight operating companies.


The Railway Magazine’s audited circulation of 37,853 copies per month makes it by far the

12 Multiple Aspects

12 Railways in Parliament. 32 Subscriptions Offer 34 Location


Our location this month is Dent Head on the scenic Settle & Carlisle line.

37 Readers’Platform 54 Panorama Our regular showcase for creative railway photography.

62 100Years Ago What The RM was reporting 20, 50 and 100 years ago.

108 Meetings Details of railway society meetings near you.

Pulling hard past Greenholme on the climb to Shap and being buffeted by a strong sidewind, ‘Royal Scot’ No. 46115 Scots Guardsman works the Railway Touring Company’s ‘Winter Cumbrian Mountain Express’ on March 1. LES NIXON

Location: Where to take the best railway photographs - p34

109 Heritage Diary

A comprehensive listing of dates when heritage railways and steam centres will be open.

113 Reader Services 114 Prize Crossword and Where Is It?

Subscribe today and save money on every issue. Call 01507 529529 or see page 32 for our latest offers


14 Lazarus Locomotives: No. 11, No. 45551 The Unknown Warrior In a new series of ‘Lazarus Locomotives’, which looks at re-creating extinct engines, Cliff Thomas reviews the project to build ‘Patriot’ No. 45551 The Unknown Warrior.

21 The Plym Valley Railway Peter Nicholson visits the Plym Valley Railway in Devon, and reveals more about the short railway with a long history.

WAKING THE DEAD: Re-creating‘lost’locos-p14

26 Up for the ‘Cop’! In the concluding part of this two-part feature, Peter Bateman and Jon Morgan analyse the poststeam-era period in the story of football specials

41 Many a slip... For this month’s Practice & Performance, Keith Farr completes his commentary on slip carriage workings by looking at operating methods and the practice in later years.

INTWO HALVES: Part 2 of football specials history - p26

48 The land that forgot its trains

With thousands of football fans preparing to descend on Brazil, many will be shocked to discover a lack of railways connecting major cities, as editor Nick Pigott discovered.

57 Railtour formations

Gareth Bayer describes in words and graphics the wide variety of charter rolling stock formations.

62 Ten minutes, ten questions

This month, Steve Knight poses the questions to Nicola Shaw, chief executive of HS1.

UNCONNECTED : Brazil’s neglected railways - p48

May 2014 • The Railway Magazine • 5





T is sobering to think that almost eight years have passed since The Railway Magazine launched a series of features under the banner of ‘Lazarus Locomotives’. The articles dealt with projects to raise extinct types from the dead by building new working examples and more than a dozen classes were covered. Of the lost types among the BR ‘namer’ fleets, there were several high-profile omissions from the ranks of preserved steam after the end of BR steam in 1968 – notably A1s, ‘Granges’, ‘Counties’, ‘Clans’ and ‘Patriots’. In the case of the A1s, the gap has been filled by No. 60163 and other 21st century engineers are now following suit with their own designs. The definition of exactly what qualifies as a ‘new-build’ is difficult. Our first ‘Lazarus’ series excluded replica early locomotives and narrow gauge engines but did, very slightly, stretch a point in a couple of cases. Heralded by a pilot feature covering Keighley-based WD No. 90733 (RM Aug 2006) the series proper began four issues later and culminated in April 2008 with the fantastic story of A1 No. 60163 Tornado. In between were: ‘Clan’ Pacific No. 72010 Hengist (Dec 2006), Brighton Atlantic No. 32424 Beachy Head (Jan 2007), ‘County’ No. 1014 County of Glamorgan (Feb 2007), ‘Saint’ 4-6-0 No. 2999 Lady of Legend (April 2007), ‘Grange’ No. 6880 Betton Grange (May 2007), BR Standard 2-6-2T No. 84030 and 2-6-2T No. 82045 (both July 2007) and steam railmotor No. 93 (Sept 2007). The penultimate feature (Feb 2008) took the form of a round-up of other projects. One of those locos, the West Somerset Railway’s ‘small boiler Mogul’ No. 9351, has not only been built, but taken out of traffic for a 10-year overhaul after clocking up 96,647 miles in revised form (a successful project by any standards!). At the other end of the spectrum, the Class 5AT 4-6-0 ‘high-tech steam’ proposal has been abandoned as a non-starter. This new series will, among others, cover the two separate projects to build LNER P2 2-8-2s (No. 2001 Cock o’ the North and No. 2007 Prince of Wales). The latter project, under the aegis of the group that built Tornado, is not merely moving ahead but gathering an astonishing momentum, with fundraising outstripping that of the A1 project at an equivalent stage. We begin with what was still a fledgling project briefly mentioned in our 2008 round-up – LMS ‘Patriot’ No. 45551 – aptly, in this war centenary year, known as The Unknown Warrior. 14 • The Railway Magazine • May 2014

THE ‘LAZARU How Britain’s steam enthu T

By Cliff Thomas

HE aim of the ‘LMS Patriot Project’ is to fill a gap in the story of LMS express power by re-creating the link between the ‘Royal Scot’ and ‘Jubilee’ classes and, in so doing, increase the variety of steam locomotive types in Britain. The project was announced in mid-2007 under the leadership of David Bradshaw (who at the time was also involved in the Great Western Society’s ‘County’ new-build scheme). Even at that early stage, financial projections had been made and the total cost was quoted at £807,000. In the intervening years, the estimates have inevitably had to be revised and it looks at the moment as though construction of No. 45551 will turn out to be a £1.5million project. From the start, the plan envisaged assembly at the Llangollen Railway with a number of components coming from a batch of 10 ex-Barry scrapyard locos stored under the custody of Vale of Glamorgan Council in a former EWS freight depot at Barry. A website was set up ( with the intention of forming a charitable company if sufficient support was forthcoming. It was soon clear that the proposal had identified a long-lost type that people wanted to see again, for pledges totalling £100,000 were attracted within six weeks of the announcement! At that stage (late 2007) the projected locomotive was provisionally named Sir Henry Fowler, but the way was left open for differing thoughts, including names allocated to class members by the LMS but never actually carried. Ideas (with reasons) were invited and the person coming up with the most popular idea would receive a nameplate bearing the selected name. By early 2008, it was clear that the project had ‘legs’. A business plan had been prepared and Llangollen Engineering’s workshops (since nicknamed “New Build Central”!) was

NUMBER 11: LMS ‘PATRIOT 4-6-0 No. (4)5551 THE UNKNOWN WARRIOR confirmed as the base for construction alongside another ‘Lazarus’ loco, No. 6880 Betton Grange. The GW Society’s new-build Churchward 4700 “Night Owl” 2-8-0, No. 4709, would join them later.

Background to the ‘Patriot’ class:

Sir Henry Fowler was LMS chief mechanical engineer from 1925 until 1932 (when William Stanier took over the position) and the threecylinder locomotives that would become known as the ‘Patriot’ class were introduced in the latter years of his time in office. Ostensibly, ‘Patriots’ were presented as rebuilds of Bowen-Cook large-boilered ‘Claughton’ 4-6-0s; indeed the first two were produced using the remains of two ‘Claughtons’ that had suffered serious accident damage. It is not totally clear how much of the ‘donor’ locos were utilised, but it seems likely that little more than driving wheels, bogies and some standard fittings found their way into the new machines. The initial pair left Crewe Works with the Claughton coupled wheelbase of 7ft 4in and 7ft 10in, but further examples adopted the ‘Royal Scot’ coupled wheel spacing of 7ft 5in and 8ft. They were thus not really rebuilds, although they did replace an equivalent number of ‘Claughtons’, whose (modified) bogies they used. Creative accounting was abandoned in relation to the final 10 of the class, Nos. 5542 to 5551, which were regarded as new builds. In simple terms, ‘Patriots’ (as they became known after 1937) were small-boilered ‘Royal Scots’ – hence their nickname of “Baby Scots” – and they combined a chassis similar to that of a ‘Royal Scot’ with a Derby-designed G9½S boiler, pressed to 200lbs. They had three 18in x 26in cylinders (identical to a ‘Royal Scot’) and Left: Following the decision to name the locomotive The Unknown Warrior, the Royal British Legion adopted No. 45551 as its National Memorial locomotive and British Legion crests have duly been added to the nameplates.

All pictures by BOB SWEET unless otherwise stated.


S’ LOCOMOTIVES siasts are raising engines from the dead

‘Patriot’ No. 45517 – one of the un-named members of the class – leaving Brighouse on the 10.30 Liverpool Exchange to Newcastle on September 27, 1959. GAVIN MORRISON

6ft 9in diameter driving wheels. The motion was virtually identical to that of ‘Royal Scots’ although the outside eccentric rods were not fluted and the inside slide bar configuration was different. The final five to be ordered appeared under the description of ‘Converted Claughtons with taper boiler’, which in turn became the initial production of ‘Jubilee’ locos… hence the earlier-mentioned link in LMS loco progression: ‘Royal Scot’ to ‘Patriot’ to ‘Jubilee’. The ‘Patriot’ appellation occurred after the first of the type (No. 5500) was named Patriot in 1937 in memory of LNWR employees who died between 1914 and 1919. A ‘Claughton’ had originally carried that name but had been withdrawn in 1934. The ‘Patriots’ can be considered a success from the start as few significant alterations were made during their lives apart from the fitting of a stovepipe chimney to No. 45508 in an attempt to improve steaming. That said, 18 were subsequently rebuilt with a 2A boiler to increase their power classification from 5 to 6. Each member of the fleet had covered around 1.3million miles when its time came for withdrawal, a process that took place between 1960 and 1962. The final two to be scrapped, Nos. 45543 and 45550, were reportedly still in good condition but met the scrapman’s torch just a little too early for the prospect of preservation to come to their aid. Unlike Tornado, which took what would have been the next number in the BR fleet of A1s, The Unknown Warrior is being given the number of an actual locomotive, No. (4)5551, which was the last in the BR class but was never named. It was withdrawn and scrapped in 1962.

The reason for not numbering the new loco 45552 is, of course, that this was the first number in the ‘Jubilee’ class. The next available unused number would have been 45743!

Launch of the project:

The project was officially launched during the Llangollen Railway’s April 2008 ‘Patriot Gala’. at which items were displayed, including a (then) recently discovered chimney pattern. The initial appeal sought £48,000 to build the frames and there was a public poll to decide the name. From a shortlist of five, The Unknown Warrior received the highest number of votes. This name alludes to an unidentified First World

War soldier killed on a European battlefield and buried in Westminster Abbey. The choice was hailed as being in keeping with the project’s aims while commemorating all those who fought and died in the Great War and other conflicts. Completion of the locomotive was projected for 2018 – the centenary of the Armistice. This date is now doubly relevant, for in early 2009 the project to build The Unknown Warrior was officially endorsed by the Royal British Legion as the National Memorial engine. No. 45551 will therefore commemorate all UK, Commonwealth and Irish service personnel from the armed forces and merchant navy who

Right: Molten metal flows inside the Boro Foundry at Lye, West Midlands, during the driving wheel casting process. Compare this with the new pattern pictured at the top of the following page.

May 2014 • The Railway Magazine • 15



ousands of Britons will be heading to Brazil for the World Cup this summer and for the Olympics in 2016, but railfans among them who wish to travel from city to city by train will get something of a shock, as Nick Pigott explains.


RAZIL is the fifth largest country on the planet and boasts two of the world’s biggest cities – yet it’s not possible to buy a train ticket from one city to the other. In fact, prospective rail passengers will be met by blank stares almost everywhere they go in this vast nation of 190million people. For Brazil – world-famous for football, carnival and samba – possesses only one inter-city passenger train service! The rest of the country’s many railways are exclusively freight or suburban commuter… and even the inter-city line doesn’t run anywhere near the largest conurbations of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. It wasn’t always like that, of course. At one time, many of Brazil’s major centres of population were linked by railways, but the era of domestic airlines and private cars has had a far more drastic effect in this part of South America than in any other major developed nation. The result? Snarled-up, polluted roads and intersections with traffic jams so horrendous that many wealthy Brazilians are forced to use helicopters simply to get to and from their places of work. In São Paulo city centre alone, there are now more than 2,000 helicopter flights a day! Recognising that its highway system is Right: Brazil is a major producer of iron ore and much of it is carried on the metre gauge EFVM (VitóriaMinas) line by locomotives with an eight-axle B+B-B+B wheel arrangement. On June 8, 2013, General Electric BB40-9W No. 1178 waits for the road near Ouru Preto. Pictures by NICK PIGOTT

unless stated.

48 • The Railway Magazine • May 2014

choking to death, the Brazilian government has for some years been planning to construct a 300km/h (186mph) high-speed line to span the 317 miles between Rio, São Paulo and Campinas. Such a service would slash the present six-hour coach or bus time to a mere 80 minutes and instantly make the line one of the world’s busiest. Yet little progress has been made and the metropoli continue to be linked only by a freight line – the former 5ft 3in gauge Central of Brazil – which began to be run-down after the opening of competing motorways and finally closed to passengers in 1996. Its replacement high-speed route was supposed to have been open in time for this year’s World Cup, not only to help move hundreds of thousands of fans from stadium to stadium but to showcase Brazilian progress and technology… yet such is the nature of LatinAmerican politics that it has been delayed time and time again by wranglings over its £10billion cost. In August last year, the tendering process was suspended for 12 months, meaning that it will not now even be ready for the 2016 Olympics in Rio. The earliest opening date is said to be 2020. Despite this setback, the federal government in the capital city of Brasilia is keen to press ahead with the building of railways elsewhere in

this huge nation… 10,000 kilometres of them over the next 30 years in fact. One of these – the 855km North-South freight line from Anápolis (near Brasilia) to Palmas and Guarai – is under construction and it is expected that a passenger service will eventually serve Brasilia itself, which at the moment has only a metro system and an under-used freight branch. The new Palmas line will eventually open up the vast Amazonian region of western Brazil, which, even in the heyday of railways, was isolated from the rest of the network by sheer distance (the country measures 2,731 miles north-to-south x 2,684 miles east-to-west).


According to Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff, the rail construction programme will “finally provide our country with the transport infrastructure its size requires”. It will also hopefully begin to re-educate the nation’s citizens, who contributed to the demise of their passenger railways in the latter quarter of the 20th century by adopting the attitude: “Why take a train when there is a perfectly good bus?” To be fair, the choice they had in the last few years was often between a fast, smooth, airconditioned luxury coach and a slow, rickety old train that frequently derailed or broke down, so poor was the investment in the nation’s railways. Add to that the enormous distances Brazilians have to travel in order to get around their country and it is not difficult to see why they (like many North Americans) abandoned their passenger railways in favour of domestic flights, of which there are many. As an example, the last surviving inter-city train takes 13 hours to complete its journey between Belo Horizonte and Vitoria. The flight time for the same journey is a mere 45 minutes. Railways in Brazil date back to 1854 when a line was opened from Rio towards Petrópolis, near the coast, and the earliest loco was Baroneza, a 2-2-2 built in 1851 by Fairbairn & Sons of Manchester. It had originally been

Left: One of the finest settings in the world for a preserved steam service is São João del Rei station, headquarters of the 2ft 6in gauge Estrada de Ferro Oeste de Minas. On February 25, 2012, Baldwin 4-6-0 No. 41 is about to depart from the overall roofed station with the 10.00 service for Tiradentes. CHRIS YAPP

destined for the 5ft 3in gauge Midland & Great Western Railway of Ireland, but that company was unable to complete its purchase – which explains why Brazil became one of only a handful of countries to use that track width. The engine is today preserved in a small museum next to Enginho de Dentro, a suburban station in Rio. The presence of the Serra do Mar (sea ridge), a massive escarpment and plateau running for 500km along the Atlantic coastline, meant that the final part of the Petrópolis line had to utilise the Riggenbach rack system in order to ascend this 2,500m high ridge and reach its destination, which it did by 1883. That metre gauge extension was the first rack-line in the Southern Hemisphere and formed the basis of the Leopoldina Railway, which eventually extended more than 3,000km into the neighbouring states of Minas Gerais and Espiritu Santo. Another line that had to overcome the plateau was the São Paulo Railway, whose British owners initially decided upon cable-haulage, constructing four 1-in-10 inclines worked by stationary engine. Wagonload haulage was unable to cope with the heavy export traffic of coffee beans and so a unique engineering solution was devised; between 1895 and 1901, five new inclines were built at 1-in-12.5, each equipped with a continuously-operating cable. A fleet of 0-4-0T tram locomotives was delivered from Kerr Stuart and Robert Stephenson and each one powered a train of either six wagons or two coaches by gripping the cable on the inclines – an operation hailed at the time as one of the ‘railway wonders of the world’. The operation was modernised in the 1970s when the original system of four inclines was electrified on the three-tooth Abt rack system and today, twin or triple Hitachi-built locos glide seemingly effortlessly up the 1-in-10 grades. The top winding station is now a museum. In the 19th century, many British engineers and contractors went out to Brazil to build

railways, but the difficult terrain and steep gradients resulted in relatively few lines compared with, say, the eastern USA, and those that were built were expensive to construct. Many lines never turned a profit and some sarcastic locals will tell you that, because the engineers were paid by the mile, they incorporated as many curves as possible to increase their remuneration!


As Brazil’s population rocketed from 12million to well over 10 times that figure during the 20th century, there was a commensurate pattern of growth, rationalisation and linking of hitherto-isolated sections. By the 1950s, there were 37,000km of railways… 90% of which were metre gauge, and in March 1957, 42 companies that had not already been nationalised were incorporated into the Rede Ferroviária Federal, Sociedade Anônima (RFFSA), the state-owned national railway company. The goal of the RFFSA was to create a

north-south/east-west rail network in all five federal regions of Brazil. Unfortunately it failed... to such an extent that it is not even possible to reach the capital city of Brasilia by passenger train. The current national network comprises 23,500km of metre gauge, 3,900 km of broad gauge (1600mm/5ft 3in), 336km dual gauge and just 202km of standard gauge. Of the latter, 194 are on an isolated line in the Amazon and the rest are on Line 5 of the São Paulo metro. Six cities have metro systems – São Paulo, Brasilia, Rio, Recife, Belo Horizonte and Porto Alegre. São Paulo’s is the largest, with 67km and 61 stations, carrying almost two million passengers a day. Rio has 42km and 32 stations. Eight cities have suburban rail services: São Paulo, Rio, Fortaleza, Recife, Natal, Salvador, João Pessoa and Maceió. Again, São Paulo’s is the most extensive at 262km, carrying almost two million passengers a day through 93 stations on six lines. Rio has 223km, linking 109 stations on seven lines, but is not Left: Although the huge city of Sao Paulo no longer has any inter-city train services, it does retain the magnificent Luz station, formerly the headquarters of the São Paulo Railway. Built in 1901, it owes its British looks to the fact that it was built by Walter Macfarlane & Co of Glasgow. It is now part of the city’s metro system, as can be seen in this June 2013 view.

May 2014 • The Railway Magazine • 49


10 MINUTES 10 In the hot seat this month for the grilling with Steven Knight is the chief executive of HS1, Nicola Shaw NICOLA Shaw began her career on the London Transport graduate scheme and has risen through the ranks to become chief executive officer of High Speed 1 Ltd. HS1 holds the concession to operate, manage and maintain the high-speed infrastructure and stations between London St Pancras and the Channel Tunnel until December 2040. Nicola was previously a director of FirstGroup plc and during the five years to 2010 managed its bus division in Britain, Ireland and Germany. Her career has spanned both public and private sector roles in the UK and abroad. Before joining FirstGroup, Nicola had several regulatory, commercial and operational roles, including director of operations at the Strategic Rail Authority and deputy chief economist and director for track access at the Office of the Rail Regulator. She has also been employed as a consultant with Halcrow, working on transport projects in Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Abu Dhabi, and is a trustee of Transaid, a charity dedicated to reducing poverty through better transport. Nicola holds a Bachelor’s degree from Oxford University and a Master’s degree in Transportation from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Q. What was your first-ever job? Making tea for the tea tasters at Brooke Bond as a summer job. The first job I had in transport was as a planner for what was

High-speed rail is just my cup of tea, says HS1’s Nicola!

Q. If you were Transport Secretary for a day, what would you do to support or change the industry? Replace all the ticket machines and systems to ensure that pre-booked tickets could be displayed on phones or tablets rather than having to be held in hard copy – I never again want to see people in tears at railway stations trying to make the case that they just left their tickets at home. Q. How do you relax away from work? Playing tennis, reading novels, spending time with family and friends. I’ve recently spent three days walking along the south coast with my husband. Fantastic. Q. What is your view on the current state of the railway industry? Growing, growing, growing…

Nicola at her place of work... the inspirational St Pancras International terminus.

then London Transport. They started me on grid-referencing bus stops! Q. Were you interested in trains before you joined the rail industry? I was (and am) interested in cities and what makes people’s lives easier in their daily commute. Q. What attracted you to your current role? The blend of the old and the new, the important connection between London and Europe, and the taking-over of something really good and how to keep it there. It’s a great challenge for all of us at HS1, including our customers and


ith the issue dated March 28th, The Railway Times ceased to exist as a separate publication and became incorporated with The Railway Gazette. The change is instanced in a valedictory article as another illustration of the fact that the same causes which lead to the various amalgamations by which our great railway systems, both at home and abroad, have been built up, also have their effect on the railway press. The Railway Times, which has been published weekly since 1837, has had a long and honourable career; its volumes form a continuous history of British railway development during the past 77 years, particularly with

62 • The Railway Magazine • May 2014

Q. What has been your biggest achievement? Getting smoking carriages removed from trains. We specified in the franchise for the East Coast in 2004 that there would be no smoking carriages. Q. …and the low point of your railway career? The horrible events and terrible loss of life at Hatfield in 2000 and the subsequent collapse in rail punctuality in the UK. A4 No. 60008 Dwight D. Eiesenhower being loaded aboard the ss American Planter at Southampton en route for a new life in the USA on April 27, 1964. This photograph appeared in our June 1964 issue.

A look at our May 1914, 1964 and 1994 issues

100 years ago

suppliers. We talk about winning by inches – realising that small changes matter and that we need to keep finding them to stay at the top.

reference to the financial side. We regret that one of our oldest established weekly contemporaries – incorporating as it did Herapath’s Railway Journal, first issued in 1837 – thus loses its identity; but in new hands its worthy traditions will be well maintained, and in due course developed.

50 years ago


N HIS ADDRESS at the opening of the new engineering research laboratories of British Railways at Derby, on May 14, HRH Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, voiced opinions which seemed to echo those of many railway enthusiasts. By deploring the

“complaints, the accusations and the jokes which are bandied around with such splendid irrelevance” and which are calculated “to make the most patient and long-suffering railwayman feel rather fed up”, he drew attention to a very important factor – morale. The inevitable metamorphosis which has taken place over the past decade was not, in itself, calculated to boost the morale of those engaged in the industry and this has been aggravated by the fact that railways in this country have become the butt of journalist and cartoonist alike. At this time, when the railways appear to be “over the hump”, they are in dire need of the moral support of the public. We do not

Q. …. and where do you see the industry in 2050? Hopefully still growing, growing, growing… Q. Finally, is there something about you that you can share with us that our readers are unlikely to know? One of the London Transport graduate entry questions in the 1990s was:“You are making the case for London Transport funding to the Treasury in the spending settlement. What do you say? ” The answer had to contain a reference to what the organisation had achieved with the money in the previous settlement. If it didn’t, the candidate automatically failed! think we shall be accused of plagiarism if we say that Prince Philip's words should be read, marked, learned and inwardly digested by all.

20 years ago


HE railway world is reeling from the shock news of the sudden departure from the National Railway Museum of Andrew Dow after being its head, and a very well-liked, capable and successful one at that, for just over two years. A disquieting aspect of the affair – which prompted no fewer than six editors of railway journals (including our own Peter Kelly), ARPS chairman David Morgan and Ian Allan, chairman of the Association of Independent Railways, to question aspects of it in The Times on April 15 – is that a financial settlement to Mr Dow has been granted only under an agreement drafted by the NRM’s lawyers which gags him from talking to the press about it. Because the National Railway Museum (part of the National Museum of Science & Industry, whose director is Sir Neil Cossons) is a national resource, the signatories to the letter to The Times believe the public is entitled to a full explanation of the reasons behind Mr Dow’s departure.




‘Terrier’steams at Island Line


The Railway Magazine - May 2014 - Sample Issue  

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