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Location Maguindanao Province is located on the west of central Mindanao. It is bounded on the north by the Province of Lanao del Sur, on the east by Cotabato Province, on the south by Sultan Kudarat Province and on the west by Illana Bay.

Topography The Province of Maguindanao maybe divided into two (2) physiographic units, the southwest cluster and the Maguindanao lowland. The southwest mountain cluster includes the two (2) big group of mountain elevation of Binaca and Blit. They are separated by the Valleys of Matuber River flowing northwest into the Moro Gulf and Lawasa-ig in to the Mindanao Sea. The Maguindanao lowland includes the extremity of the Cotabato base northeast of the provincial highlands. The area approaches the seas and the swamps of the Libungan marsh. Thick accumulation of detritus materials derived from the weathering and erosion of the adjacent emergent land mass compose the sea. The Rio Grande de Mindanao is known as the biggest and the longest river in Mindanao. The northwest boundary of the Province and as such as the west bank is within the jurisdiction of the province. The rivers meanders with flood rains developed at places together with extensive delta, which caused its immediate vicinity marshy. It drains westward into the Illana bay and the Moro Gulf. Several small streams and creeks are perennial type while the rest are intermittent.

Land Area Maguindanao has a total land area of 597,052.79 hectares. The Province is composed of Thirty Six (36) Municipalities with 486 barangays. Sultan Kudarat municipality is the seat of the Provincial Capitol. Land Capability Classes A, BE, BW, BS are classified as very good land. These land areas are suitable for crop cultivation with varying requirements for soil conservation, while DE is classified as fairly good land that requires special soil management for its very low fertility. This land is suitable for limited cultivation and best suited to pasture or forest.

Soil Classification


There about ten types of soil found in the Province of Maguindanao. Among the principal soil types are clay loam and sandy loam, which are favorable for the cultivation of rice and corn. These soil types are with the areas covered by the municipalities of Datu Piang, Buluan, Datu Paglas, Upi, Ampatuan, Datu Odin Sinsuat, Kabuntalan, Sultan Kudarat and Parang. Buldon and Matanog have generally sandy loam soil. Mountain soil, which are undifferentiated, northwestern and southwestern portion of the province. Ampatuan and Datu Odin Sinsuat have this type of soil. Table 4. Soil Type and Textural Classification By Municipality

MUNICIPALITY

SOIL TYPE PRESENT LAND USE

Ampatuan Barira Buldon Buluan Datu Abdula Sangki

San Miguel Loam Langkong Clay Buldon Sandy Loam Timaga Clay Loam San Miguel Loam

Datu Montawal Datu Odin Sinsuat

Kabacan Clay Loam Paraoon Clay Loam

Datu Paglas Datu Piang Datu Saudi Ampatuan Datu Unsay Guindulungan Kabuntalan Mamasapano Matanog Pagalungan Paglat Parang Rajah Buayan S. K. Pendatun Shariff Aguak

San Miguel Loam Timaga Clay Loam Timaga Clay Loam San Miguel Loam San Miguel Loam Tamontaka Clay San Miguel Loam Langkong Clay Kabacan Clay Loam Timaga Clay Loam Balut Clay Loam

South Upi

Paraon Clay Loam

Sultan Kudarat

San Miguel Loam

Timaga Clay Loam San Miguel Loam

Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn

Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice, Banana, Abaca & Corn Rice, Corn, Mongo & Tobacco Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice, Banana, Abaca & Corn Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn

Fruit Trees, Permanent crops

Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice, Banana, Abaca & Corn Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice, Banana, Abaca & Corn Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn


Sultan Mastura Sultan sa Barongis Talayan Talitay Upi

San Miguel Loam Banga Clay Loam San Miguel Loam San Miguel Loam Paraon Clay Loam

Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn Rice, Corn & Coconut Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn Citrus, Cassava, Coconut, Rice & Corn Banana, Abaca, Ecellent for pasture

Source: DA, Maguindanao

Table 5: Soil Classification and Land Capability

Soil Type

Land Capability Classificat ion

Hydrosol

X

Soil Undifferentiated

U

Paraon Clay Paraon Clay Loam

De

Slope Range

Soil Limitation

GENERAL LAND USE

0% Level

Very severe water (wetness) Very poor drained

Fish, salted site, shrimps pond or for recreation, need field verification Tree farm (including abaca & banana) or pasture, quarry purpose Diversified field crops: annual upland field; corn, sorghum, upland, rice, soybeans, peanut, mongo, sweet potato, cassava, etc. Perennial field crops, sugarcane, pineapple, tangan-tangan, coconut, citrus, fruit trees, etc. Vegetables

15-25%

Severely eroded inadequate internal drainage dry or rough to strong or rocky None to very slight

River Wash

San Miguel Loam Buldon Sandy Loam

Y

Strongly sloping 05%

A BE

0-3% Level to nearly

Rubber


Dalican Clay Loam

3-8% nearly level to gently sloping

Balut Clay

N

Tamontaka Clay

BW

40% above, very rugged

Banga Sandy Loam

Bs

0-3% nearly level

San Miguel Gravelly Loam

Ds

3-8% nearly level to gently sloping

Very severe erosion dry sometimes with stones & gravel Slightly doughtiness, some poorly drained Slightly doughtiness & low fertility on sight Severe doughtiness & very low fertility & severe salty excessive drained

Wetland paddy rice

Diversified field crops

Source: DA, Maguindanao

Drainage Condition The drainage condition in the province is fairly poor with some portion classified as good to fair drainage. These conditions are mostly found along the plains and valleys. In the upland areas the drainage conditions range from good to fair to excessive erosion as a result of massive forest destruction.

Climate Maguindanao falls under type E characterized by more or less even distribution of rainfall through out the year. Trhe wettest month having at least three times the rainfall of the driest months. Its temperature ranges from 22.9 c. to 32 c., its hottest months from March to June and the coolest from November to January. Rainfall The Pag-Asa based in Awang, Datu Odin Sinusuat monitored the Climatic and Rainfall data in 2004, as shown in the following tables; Table 6. 2004 Summary Report on Climatic Data


Station pressure (MBS)

Dry bulb

Wet bulb

120,562 1004.7

2336 278

2942 245

Total Mean

Mean

3824 319

3310 276

Mean Relative Humidity

Rainfall (mm)

916 76

2758.7 230

Total Mean

Mean Cloudiness (1-8)

Smoke Haze

85 7

365 30

Total Mean

Tempearature Max. Min.

2756 230

Mean dew point 2809 234

Wind Average Velocity (MPS) 29 02

Miscellaneous Meteors Rain Shower Thunderstorm Drizzle 222 19

Prevailing Direction 4100 340

Distant Lighting

Mean Sea Level Pressure

308 26

121174 10098

82 7

Source: PAG-ASA

Table 7. Rainful Data in Millimeter (January to December 2004) Day 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

2004 Jan. 51 T 0 T T 0 0.4 0 0 3.7 0 T 0 0

Feb. 0 11.2 T T T T 32.1 T 5.6 T 0 0 0 0

Mar. 0 0 0.8 34.5 2 34.5 2 9999 0 0 0 T 0 T

Apr. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

May 1.3 1.1 2.6 9999 9999 4.1 25.6 6.2 17.7 17.3 32.6 22.8 43 1.5

June 1.2 1.3 0 0 T T 0 4.1 T 0 6 7.3 T 59.2

July 3.6 7.5 36.2 6.6 51.4 76.4 1 12.3 T T 22 2.1 1.1 1

Aug. 9999 0.6 6.5 13.8 9999 0 0 9999 4.3 54 0.8 10.5 9.5 4.3

Sep. 68.1 9999 9999 73 20.2 7 25.3 9999 0.2 60.8 11.4 9999 38.6 9999

Oct. 2 18.3 7.3 44.3 9999 24.3 46.3 96.8 7.6 54.4 9999 73.6 9999 9999

Nov. 0 27.4 9999 9999 9999 0 6.6 0 0 0 9999 1.2 0 0

Dec. 0 0 0 0 50.3 0 97.6 0 4.2 9999 3.5 9999 32.6 9.7


T T 3.1 5.4 0 15 T 0 0 9999 0 16 0 0 0 11.76 4.6 17 0 0 26.6 9999 17.9 18 T 64.1 0 16.8 19 1.8 10.3 17.7 9999 9.7 20 0 11.9 T 0 27.7 21 0 1.6 12.8 0 1.2 22 T T 0 9999 2.2 23 T T 0 53.6 9999 24 0 0 0 9999 9999 25 0 0 0 1.6 0 26 T 0 18.7 9999 0 27 0 0.8 8.6 0 T 28 T 0.6 9999 0 29 T 8.6 0 0 30 T T T 31 Total 50.9 73.5 234.3 72.36 255.9 Mean 1.83 2.12 7.56 2.41 8.25 Source: Pag-asa, Maguindanao

37 1.6 0 0 33.1 3.3 17.9 51 13.2 25.4 T 46.9 60 6.3 T 3.1 377.7 12.59

T 57.4 36.9 13.3 T 11.7 21.3 5.8 T 28.4 16.6 8.4 0 T T T T 420 13.55

9.5 9999 9999 0.8 9999 9999 6.7 33.2 9999 29.4 16.7 1.7 44.5 3.8 9999 0.2 59.7 309.7 9.99

9999 9999 49.9 9999 3.5 9999 19.4 1.2 7.8 7 14.4 4.5 17.4 4.8 14.2 2.3 451 15.03

8.2 64.4 25.9 23.8 31.2 6.7 41.8 15 18.2 15.7 9999 9999 0 T T 0 0 625.8 20.18

0 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 9999 0 0 0 0 0 42.8 1.43

9999 32.6 9.7 9999 17.4 3.2 13.2 2.1 9999 0 9999 0 0 5.5 1.5 1.8 0.2 250.5 8.08


BASIC PROFILE OF MAGUINDANAO PROVINCE