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Canine Body Language: 19 Dog Gestures + What They Mean

The lifestyle magazine for modern dogs and their companions

30toDAYS a

W IN T ER 2018/19

{How to}

Train Your Puppy

Better Dog NG BARKI AT GRRRE AS! E D I T GIF

Publications Agreement Number 40743013 Return Mail Dept, 202–343 Railway St., Vancouver, BC V6A 1A4

P 46

CANINE CONFIDENCE BUILDERS CAN MY DOG EAT...?

Food to Share With Your Dog

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10 Fun Socialization Games

EMOTIONAL SUPPORT DOGS HOW DOGS GRIEVE 5 FEEL-GOOD WAYS TO HELP SHELTER DOGS

p66

Pot for Pets: CBD + Your Dog

moderndogmagazine.com DISPLAY UNTIL MAR ‘19

$5.95

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Why You Should Borrow a Dog

How To Give Your Dog a Mental Workout + The Samoyed, Alaskan Malamute & Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier


WINTER 2018/19

VOL 17

NO 4

66 FEATURES 30

10 Socialization and Training Games You Should Play with Your Puppy (Plus two things you should never do!)

76

BY TEOTI ANDERSON

34

How Problem Solving Makes Dogs Happy Creating “eureka” moments for your dog: A new study shows why you should make your dog work for those treats! BY STANLEY COREN

40

Can My Dog Eat….? Wondering what’s safe to share with your dog? We answer commonly googled questions about “people food” for dogs.

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Emotional Support Animals vs. Service Dogs: Cue the Controversy The controversy around emotional support dogs. BY JANE MUNDY

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Building Canine Confidence Is your dog insecure? How to tell if a lack of self-assurance is the issue, as well as tips and tricks to boost your dog’s confidence. BY NICOLE WILDE

THE GOODS 46

Gift Guide Find the perfect presents for all the dogs and dog lovers on your list. Your holiday shopping starts here!

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Tempting Treats Super-tasty high-value treats to tempt—and induce cooperation.

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19 Dog Gestures and What They Mean Your dog is trying to tell you something. Are you reading the signs? BY LAURA SLUGGETT

Look What We Found The Modern Dog team’s current faves, finds, and obsessions.

94

CBD and Your Dog Do you keep hearing about CBD, but you're still not clear on just what it is and if it can help your dog? Let us explain.

The Dog Gear LookBook Your at-a-glance guide to winter coats and collars for every type of dog.

BREED PROFILE

70

How Dogs Grieve How to recognize the body language of a grieving dog and how to help. BY TRACEY TONG

78

30 Days to a Better Dog A simple, exercise-a-day guide to brushing up on training, strengthening your bond, and improving your relationship with your dog.

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Know Your Breeds Find your perfect breed match. Is the loyal Alaskan Malamute or the loving Samoyed the breed for you? Find out on page 24!

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The Soft-coated Wheaten Terrier This happy and energetic Irish farm dog will bounce his way into your heart. BY KELLY CALDWELL


86 BODY & SOUL 58

Does Your Dog Need a Dental?

60

Make Your Dog go NomNomNom; Bye Bye Urine Burn!

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Benefits of Goat Milk; The Download

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Does Your Dog Have Arthritis? Signs, symptoms, and how to help your dog

DOG LIFE 22

We’re Giving It Away! We have tons of great giveaways—from luxury dog beds to freshly prepped meals—and winners every week! Turn to page 22 to see all the cool dog stuff that’s up for grabs.

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Stars, They’re Just Like Us! From window shopping to dog park dates, candid snaps of celebs out and about with their pups.

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Five Up and Coming Dogs You Need to Follow Famous Instagram dogs to brighten your day.

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DIY Craft: Dog Treats and Cute Labels Single ingredient treat recipes with personalized jar labels.

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Good Vibes Only: 5 Fun Ideas to Help Shelter Dogs Feel-good volunteer work that helps dogs in need.

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5 Mentally Stimulating Games To Play With Your Dog Bond and play while exercising your dog's mind! BY KYRSTEN DOWNTON

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Your Dose of Adorable Irresistible new book Puppy Styled delves into the overthe-top cuteness of Japanese dog-grooming, complete with before and after photos.

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Should You Borrow a Dog? How to “test-drive” a breed to see if they’re a match for you. BY JANE MUNDY

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REGULAR FEATURES 6 Editor’s Letter 8 Contributors 10 Stuff We Love 12 The Scoop 20 Smile! Photo Contest 109 Marketplace

DIY Eat: Turkey and Sweet Potato Pie Human tested, pup approved recipe!

102 Dog Show Prep: Meet the Newbies Meet the two new breeds competing at the prestigious Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show.

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105 Connie’s Book Club Curl up with a good dog and a good book—Editor-inChief Connie Wilson’s winter must-reads. 112 Last Lick: Snow Day! Let it snow, let it snow, let it snow. Your doggy dose of winter cuteness.

ON THE COVER The adorable Carl the Samoyed, photographed by Grace Chon. For more on Carl, plus four other ridiculously cute dogs you should follow on Instagram, turn to page 50!

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In USA: MODERN DOG (ISSN 1703-812X) Volume 17, Issue 4. Published quarterly by Modern Dog Inc. at 142 Churchill Drive, Newington, CT 06111-4003. Periodicals postage paid at Hartford, CT and additional offices. POSTMASTER: send address changes to Modern Dog, PO Box 310402, Newington, CT 06131-0402.


Penny was one of 15 Dachshunds rescued by the Victoria BC SPCA.

EDITOR'S LETTER

Penny chose me – there was an immediate bond.

H

ow do you say goodbye to the perfect dog? One whose spirit embodies pure goodness, love, and gentleness. A dog who, to the root of her being, wants only to be with you, and whose boundless joy at seeing you come through the door—no matter how short your separation— affirms time and again just how much you’re loved. Just this month I had to say goodbye to such a dog. My beautiful best friend Penny, an adorable Wirehaired Dachshund I adopted from the BC SPCA nearly ten years ago to the day, succumbed to a heart condition. Now I’m trying to find a way to cope with the terrible sense of loss she’s left behind; a heaviness, an ache, an emptiness that pervades all aspects of my life. I know time will soften the sharp edges of my grief but in the meantime, I draw comfort from you, my dog loving family, for only other dog people can fully understand the terrible sense of loss that follows the passing of a cherished dog. I dedicate this issue of Modern Dog not only to Penny, but also to you, your dogs, and the dogs we’ve had to say goodbye to. Thank you for being a part of this wonderful community. I hope that you enjoy the winter issue. It was a labour of love, designed to help you make the most of all the moments you share with your dogs. Wishing you and yours a joyus winter season. Much Love,

Connie Wilson, Publisher & Editor-in-Chief

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Always a good sport.

A gentle and tolerant spirit, she was beloved by my grandchildren.

Her smile says it all.


C ON TRIBUT OR S WINTER 2018

VOL 17

NO 4

Publisher

Our Alice Sewell is a multi-talented member of the Modern Dog team. Along with heading up social media, she also contributes to the magazine in pretty much every department, from sales to content creation for both print and digital. In this issue, she penned two articles, "That Adventure Life" (page 18) and "Fetch Great Style That Helps Rescue Dogs" (page 14), plus got deep into the 'gram to help determine which up and coming Instagram pups should grace this issue's pages. Turn to page 50 to see which dogs you ought to be following for your daily dose of canine cuteness!

Modern Dog Inc. Editor-in-Chief

Connie Wilson Editor & Creative Director

Jennifer Nosek Design & Production

Hayley Schmidt Social Media Strategist

Alice Sewell Sales & Marketing

Alice Sewell, Linda Helme, Laura Sluggett Audience Development & Digital Marketing Specialist

Jessica Linnay Accounting Services & Subscription Services

Zoey Ma Copywriter & Subscription Coordinator

Kyrsten Downton Controller

Cecilia de Roca Chan, CPA, CGA Editorial Intern

Jamie Hill

GRACE CHON is a commercial and editorial animal photographer, internationally recognized for her highly expressive portraits of animals and authentic images of people with their pets. She's also the author of two dog photography books. including her new book Puppy Styled, featured in this issue! Turn to page 82 for a sneak peek of the crazy-adorable before and after’s she captures of dogs pre- and post-grooming. Grace's clients include ad agencies, pet brands, magazines, publishing companies, celebrities, and TV shows. She lives in Los Angeles with her family and their beloved rescue dogs. Connect with Grace online at @thegracechon.

GET YOURSELF A SUBSCRIPTION! Give us a call at 1-800-417-6289 or subscribe online at moderndogmagazine.com/subscribe Advertising inquiries call (866) 734-3131 In Canada: MODERN DOG (ISSN 1703-812X) Volume 17, Issue 4. Published quarterly by Modern Dog Inc. at Suite 202–343 Railway St, Vancouver, BC Canada V6A 1A4 POSTMASTER: send address changes to Modern Dog, Suite 202–343 Railway St, Vancouver, BC Canada V6A 1A4 In USA: MODERN DOG (ISSN 1703-812X) Volume 17, Issue 4. Published quarterly by Modern Dog Inc. at 142 Churchill Drive, Newington, CT 06111-4003. Periodicals postage paid at Hartford, CT and additional offices. POSTMASTER: send address changes to Modern Dog, PO Box 310402, Newington, CT 06131-0402. PHONE

WI NTER 2018/ 19

(604) 734-3031 OR TOLL FREE (866) 734-3031

The publisher is not responsible for unsolicited manuscripts, images, photographs or other materials. By accepting and publishing advertising the publisher in no way recommends, guarantees or endorses the quality of services or products within those advertisements.

David Jacobson has been drawing cartoons ever since he could scribble on his bedroom walls. It didn’t go over well. His cartoons have appeared in The New Yorker, USA Today, greeting cards, and children’s books. David is also is a full-time glass blower in Maine, sharing his house with Willie, a 15 year-old Golden Retriever, who is the inspiration for his cartoons for Modern Dog. Check out David’s glasswork at jacobsonglassstudio.com and turn to page 18 to see his cartoon for this issue’s Cartoon Caption Contest!!

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Copyright 2019 by Modern Dog Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced by any means, electronic or mechanical, including the Internet or photocopying without the written permission of the Publisher. Modern Dog and its logotype are the trademarks of Modern Dog Inc. Modern Dog is published four times a year. One-year subscription prices: Canada $16CAD, U.S.A. $16USD, foreign $45USD. Subscription orders and customer service inquiries should be sent to Modern Dog Subscription Services, Suite 202–343 Railway St, Vancouver, BC Canada V6A 1A4

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www.moderndogmagazine.com Publications Mail Agreement Number 40743013 We acknowledge the financial support of the Government of Canada. Nous reconnaissons l'appui financier du gouvernement du Canada.


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STUFF WE LOVE Modern Dog staffers’ picks of the litter 14

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1 The Animal Blueprint was the perfect gift for my mom who adores her Beagle. The drawings are beautifully made, with a huge breed selection to choose from. There’s even an ‘American Mutt’ option for those who aren’t quite sure which mix their dog is made of. Love it!—Zoey (From $110, AnimalBlueprintCompany.com) 2 Tough yet soft, this stylish denim lounge bed features lofty eco-friendly filler (made from 100% recycled plastic bottles!) to make this cozy bed your dog’s favourite nap spot, after your lap! Elevated sides provide a comfy resting spot for your dog’s head, and it’s machine washable, making it easy to keep fresh.—Laura ($98, petplay.com) 3 Great gift idea! Bark Beads’ adorable breed charm are engraved by hand, available in sterling silver or in gold, and are completely compatible with bracelets from PANDORA and similar jewellery companies. To top it off? Partial proceeds go towards supporting animals in need!—Jamie (From $70, barkbeads.com) 4 A portrait of a loved dog is truly something you’ll treasure forever. The supremely talented Astrid Colton’s amazing custom dog portraits deliver the goods. Through a creative process that keeps you involved from photo exchange to preliminary sketches, she creates a portrait that captures the essence of your pup. Give yourself this gift; you’ll be so glad you did.—Jennifer (From $325, petportraitscanada.ca) 5 Customize an urn that reflects your dearest friend’s unique qualities. With extra care and a delicate touch going into every part of the creation process, Eldoop’s personalized urns capture your dog’s personality and likeness through sculpture you’ll treasure.—Cecilia (From $165, eldoop.com) 6 This wonderful, cruelty-free product line out of Southern California offers only the finest vegan ingredients, botanical extracts, and essential oils. Free from all the baddies like artificial colours, parabens, and sulfates, its Deep Cleansing Dog Body Wash protects your dog’s skin by removing mineral and chloride deposits found in chemically treated waters.—Celine ($18 spinaorganics.com) 7 My dog’s anxiety and appetite have improved so much since I’ve started using Natural Doggie’s CBD coconut oil. A small amount in his food every day keeps him relaxed, helps his digestion and has even reduced my dog’s bad breath!—Hayley (From $40, NaturalDoggie.com) 8 Through a therapeutic dosage of glucosamine, devil’s claw, lecithin, and spirulina, PetAlive Muscle and Joint support herbal supplement supports the flexibility and movement in your dog’s muscles, joints, and cartilage. Perfectly suited for dogs with arthritis!—Jenessa ($76, allnaturalremedies.ca) 9 Secure your most precious cargo! Travall’s Dog Guards are custom-made for your car and are easy to install—do it yourself in less than 15 minutes. With rigid steel construction and scratchresistant coating, you’ll have peace of mind that your dog is safe, secure, and not jumping into your front seat.—Kyrsten (From $170, travall.co.uk/dog-guard) 10 Mange is both an uncomfortable experience for your dog and extremely difficult to deal with. Featuring effective ingredients like benzocaine and lanolin, Goodwinol Ointment is a nationally recognized product to help alleviate symptoms caused by canine mange, putting you and your pooch at ease.—Jessica (From $11, goodwinol.com) 11 Like to know exactly what’s in your dog’s food? Fish Skin Bites’ only ingredient is high quality, sushi grade fish, so you don’t have to worry about strange additives. With Omega-3 oils and a great taste, these treats are a healthy option your dog will LOVE!—Esther the Miniature Dachshund (From $10, fishskinbites.dog) 12 Honour your dog’s memory with this beautiful reminder of their loving spirit. With a variety of colours, engravings, and lighting options to choose from, this handmade DNA Swirl Heart Memorial is the perfect way to remember your beloved companion.—Connie (From $400, crystalremembrance.com) 13 Let’s hear it for plush toys that stand up to rough play! With specialized webbing and crossstitched fabric, ZippyPaws toys are designed to withstand serious playtime chewing and pulling. They also donate a portion of sales to charity partners such as Mission K9 Rescue and Paws with a Cause, so good fun does good!—Alice (From $5, zippypaws.com) 14 Finally, a piece of jewelry as unique as your dog. Robin’s Loving Touch creates one-of-a-kind nose print pendants through easy to use, at home impression kits. Choose from gold, sterling silver, or solid chrome, and personalize your pendant with an engraved message.—Linda (From $277, robinslovingtouch.com)

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THE SCOOP

2018’S BEST

DOG MOVIES And the Oscar goes to…the dogs!

In Hollywood, it was most certainly Year of the Dog, with a tremendous array of dog-centered movies in the offering. Here are five you don’t want to miss—grab the “pup”corn and curl up for a movie watching marathon. *Popcorn is a great, healthy treat to share with your dog, just hold the salt.

Wes Anderson fan or not, this is a fantastic flick. The stylish stop-motion animation takes place in the future in a fake Japanese town whose mayor has banished all dogs to an island garbage dump. Twelve-year-old Atari Kobayashi lands on Trash Island to find his banished dog, Spots, and is helped in his quest by some of the local dogs. “Nobody’s giving up around here, and don’t you forget it, ever. You’re Rex. You’re King. You’re Duke. You’re Boss! I’m Chief. We’re a pack of scary indestructible alpha dogs,” says Chief, voiced by Brian Cranston. Anderson’s favourites are here, including Bill Murray as Boss and Edward Norton as Rex.

ISLE OF DOGS A visual knockout, “Alpha” is an epic, prehistoric adventure centered on the origins of man’s best friend. Set in the Ice Age, this fascinating film, also released in IMAX format, depicts the genesis of the human-canine friendship. When a young man is injured on his first hunt, he has to learn how to survive in the wilderness on his own. Encountering a lone wolf abandoned by his pack, he reluctantly tames him and the two learn to rely on each other, surviving incredible danger on their journey to find their way home before winter comes.

WHAT THE CRITICS SAY Rotten Tomatoes: 90% positive; Audience Score: 87%

ALPHA

WHAT THE CRITICS SAY Rotten Tomatoes: 81% positive; Audience Score: 74%

DOG DAYS

Starring Vanessa Hudgens and Eva Longoria, this ensemble romance packs goofy charm and lots of cute pups. A group of Los Angelenos’ lives intersect when they meet and bond over their dogs—Daisy the dog walker is attracted to a client; Elizabeth the anchorwoman seeks advice from her dog's therapist; Garrett the owner of an adopt-a-dog business pines for romance, and Tara the barista dreams of a life beyond the coffee shop. In this charming rom-com, love is unleashed as cold noses lead to warm hearts. WHAT THE CRITICS SAY Rotten Tomatoes: 60% positive; Audience Score: 85%

This uplifting drama, based on a real-life story, stars Kate Mara as a disciplined, young Marine corporal deployed in Iraq. Assigned to the K9 unit after a disciplinary hearing, she is drawn to Rex, an aggressive dog she is given a chance to train for military combat. Pairing honest emotion and dramatic action, this film chronicles the deep bond the two develop as they save lives on harrowing missions. But when they are injured in an IED explosion, their future is uncertain. WHAT THE CRITICS SAY Rotten Tomatoes: 85% positive; Audience Score: 82%

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MEGAN LEAVEY


THE SCOOP

feel good fashion!

Fetch Great Style That Helps Rescue Dogs 100% of profits from this stylish eyewear is donated to animal welfare!

W

ould you like to support animal rescues but aren’t sure where to start? Why not start by updating your personal style? Ok, you’re probably wondering how that relates to helping animals in need, but with Fetch Eyewear it's one hundred percent possible. Why? Because they create super stylish prescription and nonprescription glasses and sunglasses and donate 100 percent (yes 100 percent!) of net profits to animal rescues! Fetch Eyewear was started by Ann Sacks in 2004 after Ann lost an expensive pair of new prescription glasses just days after buying them and decided there must be a better—and cheaper—way. She decided to embark on a journey to create affordable glasses. But why stop there? Ann decided her business was not only going to provide eyewear at a fair price but would also support animal rescue.  14 years later, Fetch Eyewear is still following its mission, helping shelter 14 moderndog

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animals while providing customers with the most up-todate glasses at reasonable prices (think starting at under $100). Fetch teamed up with The Pixie Project, the Oregon-based animal rescue started by her daughter (the apple doesn’t fall far from the tree!), as well as with other animal welfare organizations, to provide them with a sustainable source of funding so that no shelter pet gets forgotten. So what are you waiting for? Find your new frames at fetcheyewear.com, look good, and help animals! —Alice Sewell About The Pixie Project Founded by Ann’s daughter, animal advocate Amy Sacks, the completely not-for-profit Pixie Project helps animals from overcrowded shelters across the US find their forever home. As well as adoption services, they provide pet owner education and low cost spay and neuter services for pets of lowincome and homeless owners to ensure all pets have the best possible quality of life. n


THE SCOOP

HERO

DOG PHOTO INVISION FOR AMERICAN HUMANE / AP IMAGES

Dog Who Nearly Lost All Four Legs but Never Lost Hope Wins Top Title of “American Hero Dog” at the American Humane Hero Dog Awards

T

he American Humane Hero Dog Awards’ mission is to search out and recognize heroic dogs who have truly gone above and beyond. It’s from among these remarkable canines, including guide dogs, PTSD service dogs, and search & rescue dogs, that one dog is named American Hero Dog. This year, that dog is Chi Chi, a therapy dog who took 2018’s top honour for her extraordinary bravery and good works. This incredible dog survived the worst humankind has to offer and went on to inspire people all over the world to face their challenges with renewed courage. Golden Retriever Chi Chi’s story begins in South Korea and is marked by unspeakable cruelty. She was found in a garbage bag, her legs bound, worn to the bone, and already necrotized. She had been left for dead. Her rescuers quickly realized their only chance to save her was to amputate a portion of all four of her legs. The surgery was successful but the real work—that of rehabilitating her spirit—was to follow. “When she first arrived at our home, she was afraid of people,” says her adopter, Elizabeth Howell of Phoenix, Arizona. “But with time and lots of love and grace, she realized that she is safe. She forgave and decided to trust people again.” Chi Chi quickly adapted to her first set of custom prosthetics and now spends her days as a certified Therapy Dog, sharing her joyful self with people of all ages. Despite the horrors Chi Chi has endured, she has nothing but love for the people she meets. Her sweet temper opens hearts, and her perceptive spirit senses where her love is needed, shares Elizabeth. “When people meet Chi Chi, they are inspired by her courage, perseverance, ability to overcome adversity, and her never-give-up attitude. She exemplifies resilience and forgiveness.”

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All his life he tried to be a good person. Many times, however, he failed. For after all, he was only human. He wasn’t a dog. – Charles M Schulz


THE SCOOP CAPTION THIS!

AND THE WINNING CAPTION FROM THE FALL ISSUE IS…

THAT ADVENTURE LIFE Have dogs, will travel: How the unintended adoption of two stray pups charted new territory for one itinerant adventurer In December 2016, Jordan Kahana was cruising down the highway in Arizona on his way to the Grand Canyon when he was forced to nearly drive off the road by what looked like two black dots. Jordan pulled over to discover those black splotches on the road were in fact a pair of eight-month-old puppies. Jordan took in the adorable “hitchhikers” and Adventure Squad was born! The pups, which he named Sedona and Zeus, instantly took to the adventure life and in 2017, Jordan decided to quit his job to travel full time with his dogs. To date, the trio has travelled together to 35 states and 12 National Parks, as well as to a host of tourist hot spots, such as Times Square and Yellowstone National Park, all captured in photos and video. Also, the trio recently embarked on an exciting trip across America, which, as always, was documented in its entirety on Jordan’s social platforms. Beautiful scenery is highlighted, of course, but what is really showcased is the wonder and fun of travelling with your pack. While Jordan has had to make some adjustments due to travelling with his dogs—think early starts, itineraries based on dog-friendliness, and having to switch out international travel for road trips across North America— he says the high from new experiences and being able to travel with his awesome furry companions makes it totally worth it. Want to join the adventure? Follow Jordan Kahana on Instagram and YouTube.—Alice Sewell

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"Nice outfit. Are you Sherlock Hounds?"

SUBMITTED BY: CLARA BALDWIN

RUNNER-UP CAPTIONS "Watson says you look ridiculous.” SUBMITTED BY: JAN STREILEIN

"You’re not fooling anyone with that brave hunter outfit. We all know you’re afraid of farts.” SUBMITTED BY: JOSEPH A. DEWAN

C A R T O O N S © 2018/19 B Y D A V I D J A C O B S O N

Exercise your funny bone. Create a caption for this cartoon and submit your entry at moderndogmagazine.com/cartooncaption. The most comic captions will be published in the next issue.


Hero Dog Winner Chi Chi


! E L I SM

Modern Dog’s Photo Contest Winners!

Levi King

Bear

Chihuahua Mix

Chow Chow

Pixie Styk Morkie

Porter

Pit Bull/Great Dane

Juliette

Cocker Spaniel/ Cavalier Cross

Buck Lab

Cooper the Magnificent Shetland Sheepdog

Myra Zoey + Ellie

Retriever Mix

Dachshund

Christine

Border Collie/Maremma


Gordon Joseph Pomeranian

Daisy

Adams

Cocker Spaniel

Manny

Leo

Chow Chow

Mix

Sheepadoodle

Marley

American Staffordshire Terrier

Sadie

Journey

Sheltie

Golden Retriever

Daphne Rose Coonhound

Bandit

Reese

Beagle

Lab

Think your dog ought to be in Modern Dog?

Katie Mae

Australian Shepherd

Major Mix

Upload your dog’s photo at moderndogmagazine.com/ photocontest. Not only will he or she be entered to be our Dog of the Week, but a selection of the photos entered will appear on these pages!


ENTER TO WIN

We’re giving it away! Enter to win fabulous giveaways each and every week in December, January, and February. Go to moderndogmagazine.com/giveaways to enter! Lucky readers will win every week.

December Petting Wars:

The lifestyle

magazine for

Dog-Dog Aggressi on In The Home

modern dogs

+ Dogs Can

Smell Your Emotions

!

and their companio

Are You Causing Your Dog’s Barking? What

ns

SUMMER

2018

BEST SUMMER EVER!

to do if you’re the probl em

IFIC TERR & TOYS ! TS TREA

FIND YOUR TRIBE

Recipes for

Finding friend romance at s & even dog meetups moderndog magazine.c

DISPLAY UNTIL

SEPT ‘18

p12

Summer Fun

p44

Easy Homemad e Treats

om

$5.95

PROBIOTICS FOR DOGS ACTIVITIES TO TIRE OUT HIGH-ENERGY BREEDS EVEN GREAT GIVEAW AYS!

find your breed match: Is the

Shar-Pei, Cane Corso

1st-7th

Staff-Favourite Gear

or German Shortha ired Pointer

p30

for you?

Win 1 of 5 one-year subscriptions to Modern Dog magazine, chock full of helpful articles, heartwarming stories, and so many cute dog photos!

January

1st-7th

Win 1 of 2 Vetericyn dog wellness prize packs. Each pack contains the essential Vetericyn products to care for your pet’s skin, eyes, ears, and grooming needs!

February

1st-7th

Win a Scandinave Pet Sofa in Pumice from Bowsers. This modern bed is the epitome of classy comfort, made with memory foam & fiber, and washable Microvelvet fabric.

8th-14th

Win 1 of 2 French Terry Premium Sweatshirts and Long Sleeve T-shirt prize packs from Inkopious! This super stylish and comfy apparel allows you to wear your love of dogs on your sleeve with a range of breed designs to choose from!

8th-14th

15th-21st

Win 1 of 4 Dog Bundles! This bundle of premium quality dog-tested toys and all-natural treats and chews provides hours of fun for your best friend.

22nd-31st Win 2 months of fresh dog food with NomNomNow! These perfectly proportioned meals are fresh, healthy and delivered straight to your home.

15th-21st

22nd-31st

8th-14th

15th-21st

22nd-28th

Win 1 of 2 bluestem gift baskets. Keep your pup’s teeth healthy with bluestem’s oral care products (water additive, spray and toothpaste) and get a bonus blanket and toys!

Win 1 of 5 prize packs of Hard Yogurt Chews & Herders Choice from Mongolian Chews! USA owned & operated in Mongolia, enjoy 100% natural, preservativefree treats for a healthy dog.

Win 1 of 12 Furzoff, the new and better way to remove pet hair from your home and vehicles. Made in USA of 90% recycled material, it's 100% durable!

Win 1 of 10 Gift Packs featuring Grain-Free Skinny Minis, Whole Jerky Grilled Bites, Bioactive Fresh Mouth Dental Chews, and Bioactive Completed Care Treats from Fruitables!

Win 1 of 4 WO dog toy prize packs. Your dog wins 1 Bone + 1 Disc + 1 plush toy, plus WO provides 2 meals for orphaned children for each product given.

Win 1 of 3 dog outfits (Stretch Fleece + Swift Lock Collar) from Gold Paw Series. Pick a colour and keep your pup snug & safe with these cozy, USA-made ensembles!

No purchase necessary to enter or win. Beginning December 1, 2018 at 12:01 AM (PST) through February 28, 2019 at 11:59 PM (PST), enter each day at moderndogmagazine.com/giveaways. Each week’s giveaway ends at 11:59 PM (PST). Each week, the specified number of winners for that week’s giveaway will win the prize featured in the giveaway calendar (ARV: $200). Odds of winning depend on the number of entries received. Contest is open to legal Canadian and US residents 18 and older as of date of entry. Void in Puerto Rico and where prohibited by law. Giveaway subject to complete official rules available at moderndogmagazine.com/giveaways.

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INSET PHOTO: LOUIE SUBMITTED BY THE SHYNSKI FAMILY

s y a w a e v i G t a Gre


know your breeds

Is the Alaskan Malamute or the Samoyed for you? The Alaskan Malamute Affectionate, loyal, and playful

H I'm ! ful y a l p

ailing from the North, the Alaskan Malamute was developed to be an arctic sled dog par excellence. His heavy boned, deep-chested, 75 to 85-pound powerful frame and thick, waterproof double coat make him incredibly strong and impervious to the cold. But though bred to be a dignified working dog, the Malamute is also deeply affectionate, loyal, and playful. The Mal is devoted to his pack, though if you don’t take a leadership role, he definitely will! The well-trained Malamute is gentle and a wonderful family dog, great with kids. A word about that glorious coat though—the Malamute’s impressive double coat needs a lot of up keep. Daily brushing with a pin comb is required, and during the twicea-year shedding, the undercoat will need to be raked. As for exercise requirements, with his working heritage, this is an energetic breed. Bred for endurance and carrying heavy loads, this athletic dog definitely needs daily exercise in the form of runs, hikes, romps, or swims, and would also enjoy agility, backpacking, and skijoring.

Is the Alaskan Malamute right for you? Find out more at: moderndogmagazine.com/alaskanmalamute

The Samoyed

Friendly, gentle, and versatile

T

his smiling sledge dog is a beauty to be sure, but don’t let that gorgeous white coat fool you—these dogs were bred for hard work in incredibly cold weather. The Samoyed’s trademark thick coat protects against brutal Siberian temperatures that frequently plummet to minus 60 degrees. Even the trademark smile, one of the breed’s most enchanting features, serves a practical purpose; the upturned corners of the mouth prevent the Samoyed from drooling, so icicles don’t form on his face. Strong and agile, these gorgeous, 35 - 65 pound dogs were purpose built to pull sledges and guard and herd reindeer. They’re also highly social and very bonded to their people. The Samoyed is one of the oldest breeds of dogs, developed many centuries ago by the nomadic Samoyed tribes of north-central Siberia who slept huddled next to their dogs for warmth during the freezing arctic winters. This dog wants to stick close to his people. As the AKC notes, these are “smart, social, mischievous dogs who demand love and attention. Sammies need a very firm but loving hand in training.” That said, this is not a guard dog. The Samoyed is trusting by nature, with an easygoing disposition, loyal temperament, and sense of humour. An energetic breed with a fun, exuberant personality, the Samoyed has ample energy (they’ll run for miles on end if given the chance) and a mind of his own, but is still eager to please. Like most Nordic breeds, the Samoyed is quite a talker, and brushing (and de-shedding!) are a must. Independent-minded yet loyal to his family, the well-mannered (read: tended to and trained) Samoyed is an absolute dream.

Is the Samoyed right for you? Find out more at: moderndogmagazine.com/samoyed

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I'm loving!


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DOES YOUR DOG HAVE ARTHRITIS? Degenerative Joint Disease in Dogs: Signs, symptoms & how to help your dog

W

ondering if your dog has arthritis and what to do about it? We asked Dr. Katy Nelson to address the signs and symptoms of arthritis and how to help your dog. She knows what she’s talking about— she is the host and executive producer of The Pet Show with Dr. Katy on thepetshow.tv, an associate veterinarian at the BelleHaven Animal Medical Centre in Alexandria, VA, and the Chief Veterinary Officer for Stop Aging Now (charlieschoice.com). Here, she answers common questions.

Q: What exactly is arthritis? How is it different from osteoarthritis? A: Arthritis is the medical term for inflammation of the joints. Osteoarthritis is a chronic form of arthritis caused by deterioration of joint cartilage. Also known as degenerative joint disease (DJD), osteoarthritis results in the progressive and permanent deterioration of the cartilage surrounding the joints. Older dogs are at the highest risk.  

Q: How do I know if my dog has arthritis? A: Symptoms vary—your dog may exhibit a decreased level of activity, occasional lameness or a stiff gait that worsens with exercise. These symptoms may increase with exercise, long periods of inactivity or cold weather.

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Q: What causes arthritis in dogs? A: There is no known primary cause, although there are a number of factors that can contribute to its development or worsening, such as trauma, abnormal wear on joints and cartilage, or a congenital defect present at birth, such as an improperly formed hip or elbow, also known as hip or elbow dysplasia. Dislocation of the kneecap or shoulder, as well as osteochondritis dissecans (OCD), a condition in which the bone and cartilage develop abnormally so that a flap of cartilage develops within the joint, can also contribute. Obesity is another factor, as it increases stress on joints. In addition, dogs with disorders such as diabetes, prolonged steroid treatment, and hyperlaxity (an excessive looseness of the joints) may also be at higher risk for developing degenerative joint disease.  

Q: How is arthritis in dogs diagnosed? A: A diagnosis may be done based on an assessment of historical symptoms, such as decreased activity or stiffness, as well as a physical examination which will reveal a decreased range of motion, stifflegged gait, deformity of the joints, and swelling or pain in the joints. X-rays are also helpful in the diagnosis of arthritis.  

or replacement, and the surgical removal of aggravating causes, such as bone or cartilage fragments in a joint. Physical therapy designed to maintain or increase joint motion is very beneficial and may be done with various motion exercises, swimming, and massage. Exercise designed to strengthen muscle tone is also useful. The pain that comes with arthritis can be managed by cold and heat therapy, such as with heating pads. Long-term medication may also be helpful in reducing joint swelling and pain. Anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and nutritional supplementation are often recommended.  

Q: How can I manage my dog’s arthritis? A: Continue to monitor your dog’s symptoms, as DJD is likely to progress with time, and a change in drug selection or dosage or further surgical intervention may become necessary. Weight reduction may be required if your pet is overweight. Limit activity to a level that will not aggravate symptoms and pain. In addition, a diet including omega fatty acids is sometimes recommended to decrease inflammation.

Q: Can I prevent my dog from developing arthritis?

Q: How can I help my dog’s arthritis pain? What can I give an old dog for joint pain?

A: Prompt treatment of DJD is important to help reduce the disease’s progression of symptoms. It is generally important to avoid trauma or excessive pressure to joints. Exercise and a healthy diet can also prevent obesity, which adds stress to joints.

A: Medical treatment of DJD is designed to control signs and symptoms of the disease, not to cure it. Surgery may help alleviate symptoms and slow the disease’s progression. This can include reconstructive procedures, joint removal

Try this: PureForm’s allin-one pet supplements (pureformpethealth.com) are designed to improve your dogs’ bone density and protect joints from arthritis and ligament strain.


PET PROJECT

craft D.I.Y.

Make It!

Quick & Easy Dog Treats with Super-Cute Labels

GIFTS FOR D OGS

Personalized Dog Treat Label 1. Download the customizable treat tin label template at moderndogmagazine.com/ treatlabels 2. Type the name of the canine recipient or the type of dog treats directly into the template. Print the labels onto full-page self-adhesive sticker sheets, available at office supply stores. 3. Cut out the label and stick it to your treat jar or tin.

Nothing says love like homemade! Whip up these single-ingredient homemade treats and use this adorable template to make a personalized gift that can’t go wrong!

Whip up these healthy dog treats, only a single ingredient required! Luscious Liver Treats All you need is liver! Needless to say, dogs love these treats. DIRECTIONS 1. Rinse one pound of fresh beef or chicken liver. 2. Fill a large pot with water and bring to a boil.

DIRECTIONS 1. Preheat oven to 250° F. 2. Scrub the sweet potato or yam. No need to peel.

4. Allow liver to cool.

3. Cut it into thin slices (the thinner the slice, the shorter the cooking time) and place on a cookie sheet in a single layer.

6. Bake at 250° F for a minimum of 2 hours. 7. Liver is done when dry to touch and has shrunk to about half its size (cubes will now be approximately 1/4 inch). *Tip: Save the cooking water and use a little of it as a broth to perk up your dog’s dinner! WI NTER 2018/ 19

All you need is five minutes prep time and a single raw yam or sweet potato. Pure, easy, and unadulterated, dog treats don’t get any healthier or less expensive than this.

3. Add liver and simmer for 1/2 to 3/4 hours until well done.

5. Cut into 1/2-inch cubes and spread on a foil-lined baking sheet.

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Sweet Potato Snaps

4. Bake in oven at 250° F for about 3 hours for slightly chewy treats or bake slightly longer to get them crunchy. Note: timing will vary according to the thickness of your slices; just keep an eye on them. Or, better yet, if you have a dehydrator, pop them in there instead of the oven.


XXXXXXXXXXX


TRAINING

10 SOCIALIZATION & TRAINING GAMES YOU SHOULD PLAY WITH YOUR PUPPY (And Two Things to Never Do!)

By Teoti Anderson

P

uppies are sponges. They absorb many life lessons during the critical socialization period that lasts until about 20 weeks old. During this important period, puppies are making opinions they will carry with them for the rest of their lives. As a puppy parent, it’s up to you to make sure they’re learning the right lessons to ensure they grow up to be confident, social, friendly companions. This doesn’t have to be drudgework! Here are 10 games to play with your puppy that will help set him on the right path for life.

1. DIVERSITY TRAINING The more people your puppy meets in a positive manner, the less likely he will grow up to be afraid of individuals he encounters. Find people of different ethnicities and ages. People in uniform. Children. Ask them all to give your puppy treats. If your puppy shows any reluctance to meet someone or seems afraid, do not force it. Never pick up your puppy and hand him to someone he’s afraid of, or you will likely make his fear worse. Instead, have the person toss treats from a distance, and let your puppy approach at his own pace.

3. NOISES ARE AWESOME Many puppies are startled by loud or unusual noises. Get a handle on this now and teach your puppy that noises are not so scary. Ideally, have the noise at a distance from your puppy so you can gauge his reaction. For example, from across the room, start a hair dryer, then immediately toss a treat to your puppy as you turn the hairdryer off. Is your puppy curious or afraid? If he’s afraid, either move farther away or reduce the intensity of the noise. As your pup gains confidence, bring the noisy object closer to him. If he comes towards it on his own, that’s even better! There will be times when you can’t predict a noise and it scares your puppy, such as a sudden thunder clap. Do your best to have treats handy. Quickly make light of the noise, “Yay, thunder!” and offer your puppy treats.

2. ROUND ROBIN RECALLS Gather two or more friends and give them all treats. Form a small circle with your puppy in the middle. One person starts by calling, “Fido, come!” in a happy voice, encouraging your puppy to come to her. As soon as the puppy gets to the person, he gets a treat and praise. Then, someone else calls the puppy to come, then another, and so on. As your puppy becomes successful at this game, gradually make the circle bigger so he must travel farther to get to the person calling. Again, if your puppy is reluctant to approach a person, have that person toss treats to him instead.

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4. COLLARS ARE MEANT FOR HOLDING If you ever need to grab your puppy’s collar so you can pull something out of his mouth or prevent him from getting into trouble, he could be making a bad association with you touching his collar. This can later lead to avoidance behaviour or even aggression. Play collar-holding games to help offset this. Call out, “Gotcha!” in a happy voice, gently take hold of his collar and then pop a treat into his mouth.


5. HANDLE IT There may be times when you must cut out a matt, check an injury, or administer medicine, so teach your puppy to relax and enjoy handling. Get treats. Touch his ear and treat. Touch his other ear and treat. Touch a paw and treat. Touch another paw and treat until you’ve handled all of them. Touch his tail and treat. Examine his teeth and treat. Give him a restraining hug and treat. Which part did your puppy like the least? Work on that spot with briefer touches and better treats until your puppy learns to love being handled.

6. SIT FOR PETTING Want a puppy that doesn’t jump on people? Teach Sit, and then only pet your puppy when he’s sitting. Hold a treat above his nose and slowly move it backwards over his head, towards his tail. As he stretches for the treat, his rear should go down. As soon as he sits, give him a treat. When you can get five sits in a row, then try one without a treat in your hand, but still using the same hand motion— this will become your hand signal. Hand signals are easier for dogs to understand than verbal signals. Give the hand signal and when your dog sits, give him a treat from your opposite hand. When your dog is reliably responding to the hand signal, then you’ll add the verbal cue, “Fido, Sit,” then give the hand signal, and when he sits, treat. When he does well with this step, you can start to phase out the hand signal so he just responds to your verbal cue.

7. RUB-A-DUB Bath time doesn’t have to be a struggle. Put your puppy in the tub or sink, if he’s small enough. Give him a couple of treats. Turn on the water, treat. Wet one of his legs, treat. Repeat until all legs are wet. Wet the rest of him, avoiding his eyes. Treat. Soap one leg, treat. Repeat until all legs are soapy. Then start the rinse, treating for each body part. You can also smear peanut butter on the inside edge of the sink or tub to occupy your puppy while you bathe him. If at any time your puppy shows signs of fear or a struggle, slow down and take breaks until he adjusts. Take your time and your puppy will learn spa day is luxurious.

8. OUT ON THE TOWN Take your puppy to different places to expose him to different environments. Be sure to bring treats with you and ensure he has a good time. Take him to stores that allow dogs. If you’re worried about disease, bring a washable bath mat along and put it in the bottom of a shopping cart. Put your pup in the cart and let him roll around in style while socializing. You can wash the bath mat when you get home. Take your puppy to visit friends who have safe canine playmates for your puppy and whose dogs have all been vaccinated and are healthy. Make sure their dogs like puppies, as not all dogs do. Can you take your pup to work? Do you have a nearby school where your pup can be socialized with students? The more places and situations you positively expose your puppy to, the less scary the world will be for him.

9. TAKE HIM TO SCHOOL Find a quality, reward-based puppy kindergarten class. A good class should feature an experienced, educated instructor. Some obedience is fine, but the overall focus should be on issues specific to the socialization period, such as socialization and handling. It should also cover effective housetraining, husbandry, and recognizing stress signals. The instructor should be well versed in choosing appropriate puppy playmates and not allow free-for-alls where puppies can learn to be bullies or be bullied.

10. SHARING IS CARING Get a chew toy big enough for your puppy to chew on while you hold one end. As he chews, praise him. This helps teach him that your hands near his toys are good, preventing resource guarding. moderndogmagazine.com

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Now, here are two things you should NOT do: 1. DOG PARK FIELD TRIP Never choose a dog park to socialize your puppy. Irresponsible owners can bring sick dogs or aggressive dogs to a dog park. You have very little control over strangers, so don’t let their bad judgment scar your puppy for his lifetime. [For more on dog parks and puppies, read “Why Dog Parks and Puppies Don’t Mix” at moderndogmagazine.com/ dogparkpuppies.]

2. MESS WITH HIS FOOD Don’t stick your hands in your puppy’s food, or randomly take it away from him then give it back. You may think you’re teaching him you’re the boss and can control his food, but you’re actually teaching him that you are really unpredictable and like to take things away from him unprovoked. This can result in him growling or getting possessive over his food. Instead, add a few handfuls at a time to his food dish, so that your hands coming towards his dish are positive, not alarming. n

SOCIALIZATION VS. SAFETY Let your pup chew away without odour, mess or stains! Naturally shed by male elk, these Ultimate Antler Dog Chews are a sustainable and biodegradable option for a healthy source of calcium, glucosamine, and essential minerals. (From $10, urbandogproducts.com)

Many pet parents are afraid to take their puppies out into the world before they’ve completed all their vaccinations because of the risk of diseases. You need to be careful, but also understand that it’s dangerous to wait to socialize your puppy. The last of the vaccine series usually occurs at the end of the critical socialization period. By then, it’s too late to teach your puppy the lessons he needs.

TRUFFLE DOG CHAMPIONSHIP

It can be hard to know what to do, as there is conflicting information out there. Some breeders, veterinarians, and others still recommend waiting, but this is not reflective of current education on canine behaviour. According to the 2015 American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) Canine and Feline Behavior Guidelines, “There is no medical reason to delay puppy and kitten classes or social exposure until the vaccination series is completed as long as exposure to sick animals is prohibited, basic hygiene is practiced, and diets are high quality. The risks attendant with missing social exposure far exceed any disease risk.” The AAHA is the only organization to accredit companion animal hospitals, and is considered the standard in veterinary excellence.

You’re entering truffle country! 2019 Oregon Truffle Festival, held in the Eugene and Willamette Valley, kicks off with the fifth annual Joriad North American Truffle Dog Championship on January 24. The only one of its kind in the country, the Joriad gathers trained truffle-sniffing dogs and their owners from across the country in a competition to find truffle-scented targets.

This position is echoed by the American Veterinary Society of Animal Behavior, which notes, “it should be the standard of care for puppies to receive such socialization before they are fully vaccinated.”

The first round takes place at the Lane County Fairgrounds in Eugene, Oregon, offering plenty of entertainment as the crowd cheers on the dogs. Then, the top dogs from round one move into the forest, where they hunt for real deal truffles hiding in the root systems of trees. The winner is announced at the awards ceremony that evening, where owners parade their proud dogs around for all to see. The 2018 winner was a rescued Chihuahua mutt named Gustave, proving that even the scrappiest of underdogs can make their way to the top in this light-hearted competition! For more info, go to oregontrufflefestival.org.

Young puppies who are not properly socialized to different environments, people, and experiences can develop fear and aggression issues. Be safe— carry your puppy in public places, make sure he doesn’t go where sick dogs may have been, and wipe his feet thoroughly after public outings.

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Eureka! Problem-Solving Makes Dogs Happy

Creating “eureka” moments for your dog: A new study shows why you should make your dog work for those treats! By Stanley Coren Illustration by Martha Pluto

D

o dogs experience pride of accomplishment when they solve a problem? A new study set out to answer this question. For human beings, the simple act of solving a problem can be quite rewarding in and of itself. That is why people spend time trying to solve crossword and jigsaw puzzles, Sudoku, and so on. When a person fills in the correct word in a crossword, they are not given a piece of food, money, or social praise—their only payout is knowing that they managed to solve the problem. I am familiar with this process since my wife is a great fan of crossword puzzles and will work at them for hours. If I happen to wander by when she is filling out one and I notice a set of blank spaces for which I happen to know the answer, I am always tempted to suggest the solution to her. However, from previous experience I know that the response that I am going to get is something like, “Don't do that. It's my puzzle and it's no fun if somebody else gives me the answers!” In other words, by solving a bit of the problem for her I am taking away some of her reward. Given the fact that there are a lot of similarities in the emotional responses of dogs and humans, one might guess that simply solving a problem is rewarding for canines as well. From an evolutionary perspective, solving problems should be rewarding since each time you solve a problem you demonstrate that you have learned something new about your world and are a little bit more in control of your environment. The more you know about and can control in your world, the more likely it is that you will survive. This should be true for all animals, not

just humans. The sudden surge of positive feeling that we get when we solve difficult problems is often referred to as the “Eureka Effect.” The term comes from an incident involving the Greek scientist and inventor Archimedes, who was asked to determine whether goldsmiths had adulterated what was supposed to be pure gold in the crown of Hiero II, the king of Syracuse, with some other metals. While looking at the water level rise as he immersed himself in a bath the answer to his problem came to him. Archimedes leapt up and took to the streets—stark naked no less, so happy and excited by his discovery that he had forgotten to take time to dress—all the while shouting “Eureka!” (from the Greek heureka, which means “I have found it!”). Archimedes was demonstrating an example of an intense reward feeling associated with solving a major problem, however lower levels of the Eureka feeling are what reward us for solving everyday problems. It is this same gush of positive feeling which provides the reward that keeps us working at puzzles and computer games involving problem solving. A team of researchers headed by Ragen McGowan of the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in Uppsala, Sweden decided to see if this same Eureka effect appeared in dogs. The essence of the experiment was to show that the act of solving a problem to get a reward has a far more positive effect on a dog than simply getting the same reward without working through the problem. The animals tested were a group of female Beagles. There

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were six different tasks which the dogs could be trained to do: pressing a lever, pushing a box off of a stack, tipping over a plastic construction, pushing a ball off of a table, pressing a paddle to ring a bell, or pressing a key on a toy piano. When the dog was successful there was a sound cue, such as a click or a bell, followed by a reward. Each dog was trained to perform three out of the six possible tasks. After a week-long break, the actual testing began. A brandnew test environment was used that had a starting compartment with a gate that opened to a large arena. When the gate opened, the dogs gained access to a reward at the far end of the room. Possible rewards the dogs could receive included food, social contact with a human who would pet them, or a chance to have social interaction and play with two other dogs. At the beginning of each test session there were two trials where the gate was opened and the dog got to see what kind of reward she would encounter that day. For the actual testing, the dogs were measured in matched pairs. Each test begins with a piece of test apparatus in the start area. In the problem-solving condition, one of the dogs was tested with a piece of apparatus that she had been trained to operate. What the dogs had to learn was that, although each problem worked in the same way that it did before, the results were different. Now, working the apparatus resulted in a sound signal and the gate swinging open so that the dog could go and get her reward. This problem-solving dog's behaviour would be compared to the other member of the matched pair who was placed in the test area with a piece of apparatus that she had not been trained on; no matter what she did, there was no effect and thus she was unable to solve the problem. Regardless, the dog that did not get to solve a problem was still given a reward (sound and gate opening) at the same time interval that the problem-solving dog in the previous session had obtained her reward. Thus, one dog gets the reward for actually solving the problem while the other dog gets the same reward without having to solve the problem first. To determine whether getting to solve the problem had a

positive effect on the dogs, a number of different measures were used. One involved assessing how quickly the dogs shot out of the gate to retrieve their reward. Investigators also measured the dogs’ activity level (believe it or not, these researchers counted every individual paw movement) and tail wag(recorded on video and then counted). The activity level indicated the dog's excitement, with tail wagging and the speed at which the dog went for the reward indicating how positive the dog was feeling. The results clearly indicated that solving a problem was rewarding to the dogs. When the dogs correctly manipulated the apparatus, thus solving the problem before they got the reward, their activity level was higher, and they showed many more positive indicators (such as tail wagging) than when they simply received a reward without earning it. In other words, solving the problem to get the reward made the dogs feel better than simply getting the reward without any intellectual accomplishment. It is interesting to note that the dogs seemed to be quite happy and interested when they were brought into the testing sessions and could see that they would be interacting with a piece of apparatus that they were familiar with, one that posed a problem that they knew they could solve. When presented with a piece of apparatus that they had not been trained on, the dogs seemed to show frustration and reluctance, even when they received random rewards that they otherwise would have had to work for. It was their lack of control over the situation that seemed to bother them. The experimenters are quite certain that the dogs were experiencing the "Eureka effect." At the study’s conclusion they reported, “It was success in the problem-solving that elicited a positive affective state in the experimental animals.” In other words, just as for Archimedes, the act of simply solving a problem gives dogs a burst of positive feeling—but unlike the Greek scholar they do not feel any subsequent shame when they find that they have rushed out into the world naked because they were overcome with happiness at their accomplishment! n

Solving the problem to get the reward made the dogs feel better than simply getting the reward without any intellectual accomplishment.

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CLOCKWISE FROM TOP: © IPA/PACIFICCOASTNEWS; FAITHE HERMAN; LGJR-RG/PACIFICCOASTNEWS; © MIGUEL AGUILAR/JS/PACIFICCOASTNEWS;

Model Chiara Scelsi takes a walk with her dog through the center of Milan during Fashion Week.

They look the same!

They can't resist a puppy cuddle!

! s r a t S y’re just

The us! like Babies on board!

Multitasker Claire Danes picks up a poop while walking her Schnoodle Weegee and carrying her week-old son in a Baby Bjorn in NYC.

They are masters of the multitask!

This Is Us star Faithe Herman (she plays fan favourite Annie Pearson) with her five-month-old Maltipoo puppy, Maverick. After being away for a long week of filming, Maverick is the first family member to receive a hug from Faithe when she returns home.

They socialize at the dog park  Julianne Hough meets up with friends at the dog park in Los Angeles.


SNACK TIME!

CAN MY DOG EAT...? Wondering what’s safe to share with your dog? We answer commonly googled questions about “people foods” for dogs.

OATS are a great alternative grain

source for dogs that are allergic to wheat and a good source of fiber. Oats can help to settle the stomach and regulate your dog’s digestive tract, which can be particularly beneficial for older dogs with trouble maintaining bowel regularity. Oatmeal can also be fed in conjunction with probiotics to enhance their function. Add a small spoon of plain, cooked oatmeal to your dog’s breakfast. Be sure to steer clear of oatmeal with additives like sweeteners or artificial flavours.

SARDINES may not be

most people’s favourite food, but dogs love them! These little fish are packed with protein, as well as calcium, iron, and potassium, and are classed among the lowest mercury OSE containing fish. Plus, they’re CHO NOT ER WAT ACKED loaded with omega-3 fatty acids P OIL- INES D EPA and DHA, which are great for SAR the skin and coat, help regulate the immune system and reduce inflammation (especially great for with allergies, arthritis, and autoimmune disease) and are good for brain health. Serve one small canned sardine for dogs 20 pounds or less. Proportionally increase serving size for larger dogs.

TOMATOES are a bit

complicated. Although the ripe tomato fruit is generally safe for dogs to eat as an occasional treat, a tomato plant’s stems and leaves, as well as young, green, unripened tomatoes contain solanine and tomatine, which can be harmful to your dog in large quantities. If your dog has eaten the green parts of a tomato plant, watch him carefully for signs of tomatine poisoning, which include loss of coordination, muscle weakness, tremors, seizures, cardiac effects, and gastrointestinal upset.

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CUCUMBER is a light,

refreshing treat for dogs that like veggies. It’s also high in water content, making it a hydrating snack for your dog after a long play session or run around the dog park. Cut up a cucumber into small chunks and use these as crunchy, low cal treats! If your dog needs some persuasion, spread a bit of peanut butter on them! (Be sure your peanut butter doesn’t contain Xylitol, a sweetener used in many foods, including peanut butter, that is potentially deadly for dogs.)

CHERRIES come with

several risks to your dog’s health. Though the fruit itself is harmless, the stems, pits, and leaves contain cyanide, which is harmful to your dog’s health. Cherry pits are also a serious choking hazard and can cause intestinal blockage if swallowed. Too many cherries can also cause gastric upset. If feeding cherries to your dog, be sure to remove pits and stems. If your dog does swallow a whole cherry, don’t panic. A single cherry pit will not cause cyanide poisoning, but do look out for symptoms of intestinal blockage, including vomiting, decreased appetite, constipation, and decreased fecal production, advises the AKC.

PEACHES make for a juicy

sweet treat for your dog and are a great source of fibre, antioxidants, and vitamin A. But be sure to slice your peaches and remove peach stones, which are poisonous to pups and could cause a serious blockage in your dog’s intestine if swallowed.


SPINACH is controversial—

there is concern that the oxalates in spinach can cause kidney problems in dogs, though most experts agree that your dog would have to eat extremely large quantities of spinach to cause damage. If you decide to feed spinach to your dog (it’s chock full of vitamins A, B, C, and K, and also contains iron, antioxidants, beta-carotene, and roughage to stimulate the digestive tract), do so infrequently and prepare it steamed for best digestion and nutrient retention.

EGGS are a near perfect food,

high in protein and containing many essential amino acids and fatty acids. If you’re feeding egss raw, be aware that there is a risk of salmonella and that prolonged feeding of raw egg whites can lead to a biotin deficiency. To avoid this, cook the egg (plain) or boil before serving. You can even feed the shell, which is a srouce of calcium!

QUINOA is a great source

of protein and amino acids, and is an ingredient in some dog foods. It’s a great option for dogs with gluten sensitivities too! Wash your quinoa before cooking and feeding it to your dog to avoid issues with saponin, which can upset a dog’s digestive system.

AVOCADOS Though

avocados contain a toxin called persin, they are not, despite the rumours, poisonous to dogs and cats, notes Pet Poison Hotline. Still, avocado may cause some intestinal discomfort in the form of vomiting, diarrhea or a lack of stool production. The biggest issue where dogs and cats are concerned is the pit, as it can become lodged in a dog’s throat or digestive tract if swallowed. Feeding your dog avocado isn’t the best idea, but if they happen to sneak some, don’t panic—just make sure to monitor their digestion and call the vet if you notice any serious complications.

Garlic - It's Complicated Garlic is a bit tricky. Technically, garlic is a cousin of onions, but where onions are a definite extreme “no” where our pups are concerned—dogs and particularly cats are highly susceptible to onion toxicosis—a little garlic can be absolutely terrific for dogs. It fights ear and internal infections, lowers blood sugar, boosts immune systems, and may repel fleas. But it comes with a warning. Both garlic and onions contain a compound called thiosulphate, which is toxic to dogs, but onions contain much more of this compound. A single onion of decent size can harm your dog, causing hemolytic or "Heinz factor" anemia, a condition that destroys oxygen-carrying red blood cells. Onset is typically a few hours but can take a few days. Signs include loss of interest in food, tiredness, weakness, vomiting, and diarrhea. In advanced cases, urine will be red from blood cell loss and there is risk of death from oxygen deprivation. Garlic, however, contains much less of this compound. Many holistic veterinarians believe that feeding doses up to 1 small clove of garlic per 20 pounds of body weight per day are not likely to pose problems for dogs, reports the Whole Dog Journal. And when used topically, such as in treating wounds or ear infections, it is harmless. All in all, just watch your dosage.

The suggestions above are not meant to replace your dog’s normal, balanced diet. Rather, they are ideas for alternative treats or for adding a little variety to your dog’s meals. As always, check with your vet before making any major changes to your dogs’ diet, especially if they are on any medications. Upsetting the vitamin and mineral balances in your dog’s diet can have negative effects on your dog’s health and some medications interact badly with some nutrients. That said, the aim of most dog owners is to give their dogs the best diet possible, and supplementing a commercially prepared diet with fresh, wholesome, species-appropriate foods can assist in this. Good nutrition coupled with a health care program may result in extending your dog’s life by as much as 15 percent.

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Emotional Support Animals vs. Service Dogs: Cue the Controversy By Jane Mundy

T

he debate is heated. The rise in Emotional Support Animals—also known as ESAs—has coincided with them making headlines, and not for entirely positive reasons. You’ve probably heard about the peacock on the plane, along with gliding possums, snakes, spiders and more—oh my! Ivana Trump let her miniature Yorkie romp at a posh restaurant, claiming the pup was an ESA. As a dog lover, you may be tempted to think, what’s the big deal? But people with legitimate service dogs and ESAs say untrained dogs with fake certifications are ruining it for everyone. Reported instances of ESAs endangering service dogs and the people they’re helping are perhaps the worst of it. Stories abound. “Untrained dogs have regularly been an issue for my Service Dog and I while flying, working, etcetera,” says Chelsea Hudlow. “People with fake service animals caused so much trouble for my late husband and his seizure dog,” recollects Jeannie Evans Case. “People ‘registering’ online so they can take their dog anywhere forced him to start leaving Tigger at home. It’s gotten out of control.”

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Annie Colson, who has an Emotional Support Dog, points out “ESAs have no public access rights except in places that are already dog friendly. People with legitimate service dogs are sick to death of yappy little ESAs resource guarding the carts they’re sitting in and causing distractions for the service dog that could be deadly to the handler. I have an ESA and know how useful they can be, but they do not have the same rights as a Service Dog!” And Brynn Lauren, who has a service animal, says, “I cannot tell you how many times people have just put a vest on their dog and bring them into a store with no training. They act like normal dogs and start growling and barking at my service dog, which distracts from his job! I am supportive of course of people who truly need these dogs but just putting a vest on your dog so they can go with you everywhere needs to be illegal.” Others report ESAs are filling a legitimate void, particularly for those who need but have been unable to get a service dog—though they take pains to make sure their ESAs aren’t causing problems.


Jessica Brandvold shares,“I did this with my dog [had her registered as an ESA], however it was only after the recommendation of my therapist that I get a dog. Ideally, I wanted a service dog, but I couldn’t wait the five to ten years for a service dog for PTSD. So I started to look at dogs that might work. This was in January. I finally found a dog that met all my criteria in May. First thing I did was see where her training was, and she was pretty well trained, so I enrolled her in a CGC [Canine Good Citizen] class and she passed the test. I purchased the vest and a few other things to make sure she would be allowed on the plane to go visit family in L.A. I was so impressed with how well she handled everything, including bringing me out of and preventing panic attacks, that she has since graduated to Service Dog In Training.” Melissa Ratner also has Emotional Support Animals and feels strongly about the subject: “One of mine (which passed away a few years back) was actually featured in your magazine,” she says. “This particular pup helped me accept having a chronic disease and learn how to still have a good quality of life. Another of my pups wakes me up when my blood glucose level drops too low (an action that would be performed by a service animal but he is not trained or registered as such). I don’t know how he knows to do this. But none of my pups are registered service animals and so I do not take advantage of a loose system to take them anywhere and everywhere. They don’t need to go everywhere with me. Sometimes I’m going somewhere that would cause stress for them or just be more difficult for me to get done what I need and control them at the same time. Sometimes the best and safest place for them is at home.” Unfortunately, not everyone realizes that having their untrained dog pose as ESA creates issues for others.

Service Dogs v. Emotional Support Animals Of course there are people whose dogs legitimately come to their emotional rescue. Canines have long been flying coach as service dogs who are trained to perform certain tasks, such as guide dogs for the blind and dogs that respond to their owners’ seizures or more recently, PTSD. The Americans With Disabilities Act defines service animals only as trained dogs or miniature horses but airlines are regulated by the more lenient Air Carrier Access Act of 1986. This federal law allows free travel for “any animal” trained to assist a person with a disability or that provides emotional support. There are no guidelines to determine whether an animal can actually provide emotional support. The result has turned some flights into modern day Noah’s Arks with dogs blocking food carts, cats peeing on seats, and ducks waddling the aisles. But the animals haven’t run amok; it’s their owners… Unfortunately with so much widespread abuse many passengers view all animals onboard as fake, which is unfair treatment of those with legitimate need of service and support animals. Although airlines can require passengers to produce a letter from a physician or mental health professional, these letters are easily forged or purchased from nefarious websites.

ESA Certification—Real or Scam? Psychologist Dr. Christine Catrell has written letters certifying patients with ESAs so that they can live and travel together. “One patient’s anxiety disorder became difficult when she moved into a dorm,” says Dr. Catrell. “She wanted to bring her pet rat, but pets aren’t allowed so I wrote a letter to her college and they both lived happily together until Picasso (a rat) passed away.” Dr Catrell recently got a call from a former patient whose dog was her ESA. “I had written her a letter but it expired [airlines stipulate that letters from mental health moderndogmagazine.com

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professionals are only good for a year] and she asked for another,” Dr. Catrell says. “I turned her down as she was no longer in treatment with me and I could lose my license to practice.” Interestingly, you can get an ESA “evaluation” or “travel” letter written by a mental health professional online. If an airline or landlord requires a “reasonable accommodation” form, you can get that too by their “therapist” for a $75 fee. One online site even says that, “ESA has joined forces with a team of mental health professionals … to provide you with your evaluation letter which is required by law to travel with your animal.” The site looks official—no wonder people are being duped by these scams. And wait, there’s more: “The evaluation fee does not guarantee outcome of appointment and is non-refundable.” (I tried to contact this site and similar sites – no reply.) While Dr Catrell and Dr Fine are pro-animal, they believe that people are getting fooled by these sites and being taken advantage of. “Some people don’t care if they are getting scammed as long as they get that letter,” says Dr. Catrell. “I highly doubt these sites have legitimate therapists, who would be subject to criminal charges.” For instance, Dr. Catrell is only allowed to practice in Michigan. Online therapists don’t care where you live.

Flying the Furry Skies A 70-pound Pit Bull bit a passenger on one flight and on another a flight attendant paged a vet because a passenger said her dog was having a breathing problem. A nurse onboard came to the rescue and advised the owner to hold tightly and talk to their “emotional support animal” because it was having an anxiety attack. Citing a survey of about 5000 flight attendants across 30 airlines, the Association of Flight Attendants (AFA) reported that: • 61 percent worked a flight where an emotional support animal caused a disturbance of some kind in the cabin.

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• 26 percent of the disruptions included emotional support animals defecating or urinating in the cabin • 13 percent reported passenger-on-passenger conflicts triggered by an ESA. • 20 percent of responding flight attendants had seen discrimination and/or bias against passengers traveling with service animals. • 64 percent did not believe that individual airline ESA policies and procedures are effective in supporting a safe and equitable policy for all passengers in the cabin. To protect the rights of passengers with disabilities and limit abuse, the AFA asked the Department of Transportation (DOT) to take action. Delta Airlines was amongst the first to impose tighter restrictions on service animals. Delta’s new requirements—to certify the owner’s need and the animal’s training—took effect in March 2018. Passengers with ESAs need to submit a veterinary health form at least 48 hours before travel; an Emotional Support/Psychiatric Service Animal Request form that requires a letter prepared and signed by a doctor or licensed mental health professional; and a signed Confirmation of Animal Training form. “The rise in serious incidents involving animals in flight leads us to believe that the lack of regulation in both health and training screening for these animals is creating unsafe conditions across U.S. air travel,” said John Laughter, with Delta’s Corporate Safety, Security, and Compliance. The DOT says there were more than 2000 complaints related to animals accompanying people with unspecified disabilities in 2016. But Sue in Vancouver (not her real name) has been a flight attendant with Air Canada for over 35 years and never had an incident. “I love that Air Canada takes mental illness seriously and allows ESAs onboard,” she says. “On one flight a large dog had a window seat and passengers came by to pet him.” (I’d like to sit next to a dog on a flight, but not a peacock…)


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“People with legitimate service dogs are sick to death of yappy little ESAs resource guarding the carts they’re sitting in and causing distractions for the service dog that could be deadly to the handler.”

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Sue doesn’t want airlines to require vet certificates because it’s an extra charge that some people can’t afford. As well, “Sometimes you have to wait months to see a medical health therapist. And there have been negative incidents with animals in the hold. I think some people have avoided flying for these reasons alone,” she says. Psychologist Aubrey Fine argues that the DOT needs to take into consideration animal welfare. He says that to be a designated ESA, ask whether the animal is healthy enough; test for temperament and behaviour reliability and consistency. “An animal can be aggressive and we have unleashed a challenge that could have been prevented early on with safeguards and clear guidelines,” says Dr. Fine. “However, some ESA standards work, and they have led to ESAs successfully living in dorms and flying in planes.”

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Doggy Diners ESAs also accompany their owners to restaurants. In an email, Tammy Treed says she is glad there is a crackdown on “dogs with little vests” represented as ESAs. She was recently in a restaurant where a nearby table had “One lady with a mini Chihuahua sitting in her lap at the table while food was being served,” says Tammy. “The poor dog was shaking and seemed scared. I’m not sure if he was a support dog for her or she was supporting him but he was wearing an emotional support vest…we have not been back to that restaurant.” Tammy also knows people with multiple dogs who have gone online to get them certified as emotional support dogs “just to get them in apartments or homes that do not normally allow pets. They have zero training. I let them know that fake service dogs take away from people like our veterans and disabled people who really do need a service dog. I’m looking forward to tougher laws and consequences for people who do this.”

Legal Beagles - Ramifications Nineteen states have passed laws that criminalize passing off pets as service animals. And a Senate Bill was passed last February to reduce ESA fraud by making it a criminal act to falsely claim having a disability in order to have an animal in their apartment or dorm. All the controversy is unfortunate as ESAs truly make a world of difference for those who need them. Though it’s tempting to certify a pet in order to gain access to places that would not normally welcome them, there are unintended consequences that affect others. n moderndogmagazine.com

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SPECIAL PROMOTION

Gift Guide Find the perfect presents for all the dogs & dog lovers on your list. Your holiday shopping starts here!

P.L.A.Y.’s Wobble Ball is spreading the holiday cheer with a new poinsettia-coloured Holiday Edition! Combining playtime and mental stimulation, this interactive enrichment toy slowly releases treats, guaranteeing hours of fun. PetPLAY.com

Keep your pup warm during the holidays with ZippyPaws’ new, festive Hot Cocoa Burrow! Each Burrow comes with threee marshmallows in a hot cocoa cup - the perfect interactive toy! Zippypaws.com

Bark Beads’ gorgeous sterling silver jewelry features over 100 breeds. Their artistic bracelets, charms, pendants, and earrings are the perfect expressions of love for your dog. Makes a great gift! BarkBeads.com

The basics are always in style! SturdiBag flex-height ultralight soft sided carriers in 6 sizes made with safety, comfort and durability for all your travel needs. Only Sturdi will do! SturdiProducts.com

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A must read for dog people! Monique Anstee has distilled 25 years of dog training experience into As A Dog Thinketh, a book of surprisingly refreshing advice for all your dog-related conundrums, delivered in daily doses. TouchwoodEditions.com

Wiki Wags’ Disposable Male Dog Wraps are the ultimate answer to those unwanted male dog marking... accidents. Problem solved! Simple to use, won’t cause rashes, and made for comfort! WikiWags.com

Dog Bundles is the perfect gift this holiday season! This bundle of premium quality dog-tested toys and all-natural treats and chews provides hours of fun for your best friend. DogBundles.com


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Gift Guide

Madison & Maude’s gorgeous hand-made leather collars are customized for your dog’s neck, ensuring a sleek and comfy fit. Unique and carefully crafted, your dog will love their new style! MadisonMaude.com

Forza in Italian means “Strength”, and these safe, durable and classic leather pieces are handcrafted in Florence to stand the test of time. Long family tradition meets puppy love, creating exquisite, highquality dog accessories. ForzaLeather.com

Bow ties, collars and more for the trendy pet – from special occasions to everyday wear. Frank and Alans’ collars are fully adjustable to fit any size, so your dog is always in style. FrankandAlans.com

Keep your pet safe, comfortable, and stylish with the Buddy Belt harness! The unique low-cut design cradles your dog’s chest, minimizing pressure on the neck and spine. Available in many sizes and colours with the accessories to match. Buddy-Belts.com/shop

Mirage’s festive holiday Smoochers are adorable and affordable. Featuring an elastic band for ease of wear, they make dressing up for the holidays quick and easy! miragepetproducts.com

Chilly Dogs has the perfect fitting dog coat for any weather, each is wind & water proof and carefully crafted in Canada! Comes in 5 styles and more than 30 sizes to fit 5-200lbs. Gift cards now available. ChillyDogs.ca

Muttluks Mutt Trackers combine performance and durability at a price that can’t be beat. Your furry friend can take on the elements without breaking the bank. Let the fun begin! Muttluks.com

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SPECIAL PROMOTION

Gift Guide

Portland Pet Food Company turned their Grandma Ada’s love of serving table scraps into an all-natural festive meal! Human-grade turkey, organic Oregon coast cranberries and locally sourced vegetables make the perfect pet holiday feast! portlandpetfoodcompany.com

These BUSTER melamine bowls with rubber feet are both stylish and durable. Dishwasher safe and suitable for both food and water, they come in two styles and many trendy colors. kruuse247.com

Want to improve your pet’s joint health? Protect and strengthen joints with CanEVA-K9 Elk Velvet Antler, a natural source of glucosamine, chondroitin, hyaluronic acid, collagen, omegas 3/6, and calcium. CanEVA.ca

The Jones Select line from Jones Natural Chews features limited ingredient natural treats including exotic and organic proteins, unique nutritional blends, training treats and 100% singleingredient chicken and beef options. Made in the USA. JonesNaturalChews.com

Give your four-legged friends the healthiest treats. Salmon Skins from FishSkinBites are loaded with Omega 3 fatty acids that are extremely beneficial for your dog’s health. Freeze-dried with only one ingredient! FishSkinBites.dog

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Happy Hempies’ soft chews are powered by hemp. Their Healthy Body Support, Joint Support, and Stress Support formulas use all-natural ingredients to help man’s best friend feel great. happyhempies.com

Hearty Bites are all-natural, singleingredient beef jerky treats, ideal for dog and puppy training. They are non-greasy, odour-free and fit comfortably in your hand or pocket for training on the go. CampfireTreats.com


5 Instagram Dogs You Need to Follow

#1

Carl the Samoyed @carlthesammy 29k followers

Instagram is, of course, an inspiring (and scarily addictive) source of food and fashion pics, but nothing will brighten your day like following these famous and soon-to-be famous furballs. Whether you need a simultaneously funny and adorable dog-photo to put a smile on your face or inspiration for a pup-inclusive outing, these Instagram dogs are up to the task!

This puffball is so irresistibly cute, we put him on the cover! Carl the Sammy’s coat is so fluffy, he may just be part cloud, but don’t think this Samoyed is afraid to get his snow-white-self dirty romping with his pals. Most of Carl’s videos come with hilarious translations from his owner Lauren (@loandthecosmos) so you’re never left wondering what’s on Carl’s mind. Sample post: “Remember when I was just a smol shoob and borked at everything? Oh wait, I still do bork at everything.” Relatable AND adorable!

5,078 Likes

#2

Blaine & Bart Danzig @danzigbros 72.5k followers

Though these gloriously grumpy-looking smooth coat Brussels Griffon brothers are actually seven years apart, they couldn’t be any closer. Named after punk rocker Glenn Danzig, this pair bonds over making mischief—but when they’re all tuckered out, they love to nap in their adorable ‘inbox’ office beds.

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522 Likes

#3

Lexi the Pupski @lexithepupski 6k followers

This mixed breed cutie will brighten your day with vibrant photos of her adventures and—more importantly—treats about to be devoured. A true southern Californian, Lexi is a ray of sunshine who is all about colourful backgrounds and tasty snacks. This pup knows what it’s all about! Life lessons here, folks.

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Smile!

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190,288 Likes

14,030 Likes

#4

#5

Too. Much. Cuteness. This pup and cat duo are best buds that explore the wilderness together. Follow along for unbelievable shots of their adventures together. Every photo is amazing, combining epic outdoor vistas with heart-melting cross-species friendship.

With 1.1 million followers, Manny is the most followed Bulldog on the planet, and with good reason. Manny is an Instagram must-follow for any self-proclaimed French Bulldog lover, sharing a stream of crazy-cute smiling Frenchie shots to make you go awwwww.

Henry + Baloo @Henry the Colorado Dog 996k followers

Manny The Frenchie @manny_the_frenchie 1.1m followers

Want more? Follow @moderndogmag on Instagram for the best of the ‘gram, tons of adorable dog photos, and all the stories you want to know about.

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19 Dog Gestures and What They Mean Your dog is trying to tell you something. Are you reading the signs? By Laura Sluggett

D

ogs read our gestures, like pointing, better than any other animal. Neither wolves nor chimpanzees follow our gestures as well as dogs. But are we equally adept at reading our dogs’ gestures? Dogs learn to understand human gestures from a young age, looking when we point to an object on the ground (Research has shown that puppies can follow a human pointing gesture by just six weeks of age) or sitting when we motion to do so (when they feel like it). The ability to non-verbally communicate in a consistent way and elaborate on a gesture if the desired action isn’t undertaken is called referential gesturing, and it is a surprisingly rare trait in non-human species. A new study, however, provides strong evidence that dogs use these gestures during every day communication with us. In order to investigate “cross-species referential signaling events in domestic dogs,” researchers at the University of Salford in Greater Manchester followed 37 dogs and their owners, recording all communications to identify the gestures most commonly used by dogs and decode what corresponding actions the dogs wanted undertaken. The study found four main desired outcomes the dogs were attempting to communicate: Give me food/drink (unsurprisingly), as well as Scratch me, Open the door, and Get my toy/bone. According to the study’s findings, the most common gestures you may see your furry friend making and the four desired actions they could be indicating are: Head Turn—Your dog looks at an object, looks at you, looks back at the object. He’s saying, “Fill my food bowl!” or “I want to go outside,” depending on what he’s looking at. Licking—Your dog wants pets or scratches. Don’t leave him hanging! Flicking a toy—Your dog holds a toy in his mouth and throws it forward toward you, he wants something to eat or drink. Rolling over—Your dog wants scratches, and is using body language to direct petting towards his belly. Plunging Head-First under an object or human—Get my toy or bone!

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Understanding what your dog is trying to communicate via gestures can go a long way towards strengthening your bond and making sure your dog’s needs are taken care of. Read on for all 19 of the study’s recorded canine actions and their corresponding meanings.

Roll over = “scratch me; rub my tummy” Rolling onto one side of the body and exposing the chest, stomach and groin

Head under = “get me my toy” Plunge headfirst underneath an object or human

Head forward = “scratch me or give me food/drink” (also less frequently used for “open the door) Move the head forwards and up to direct a human’s appendage to a specific location on the body

Hind Leg Stand = “I’m hungry or I want your attention” Lift front paws off the ground and stand on hind legs, front paws are not resting on anything


Back leg up = “scratch me” Lifting of a single back

Jump = “give me food/drink OR open the door”

leg whilelay on one side of the body

Jump up and down off the ground, human or an object, usually while staying in one location

Head turn = “get me that” Head is turned from

Flick Toy = “feed me/give me something to

side to side usually between a human and an object of interest

drink” Hold toy in the mouth and throw it forwards, usually in the direction of a human

Shuffle = “scratch me” Shuffle whole body along

Paw reach = “give me that” Placing a single paw

the ground in short movements, performed whilst in roll over position

or both paws underneath another object to retrieve an object of apparent interest

Paw hover = “give me that object I desire” Hold

Nose = “scratch me” Pressing nose (or face) against

one paw in mid-air whilst in a sitting position

an object or human

Crawl under = “get me my toy” Move entire

Lick = “pet me” Licking an object or human once or

or part of body underneath an object or a human’s appendage

repetitively

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Front paws on = “open it” Lifting both paws off the ground and resting them on an object or human

Chomp = “play with me” Involves opening the mouth and placing it over the arm of a human whilst repeatedly and gently biting down on the arm

Paw rest = “scratch me” Lifting a single front paw and resting it on an object or human

Head rub = “pet me” Involves rubbing the head against an object or human on which the signaller is leaning on

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Paw = “I want” used to convey a desire, most commonly a toy, but also food or water, petting, or a door opened. Lifting of a single front paw to briefly touch an object or human


Good Vibes Only:

5 Fun Volunteer Ideas to Help Shelter Dogs Feel-good volunteer work that helps dogs in need! By Jane Mundy

s, Pug ral natu d the o - go feel g! dru

Transport Animals Road trip, anyone? All you need is a vehicle to help with the rescue of “death row” dogs. There are many groups that organize volunteers to drive a portion of a multi-leg journey, moving pups from over-crowded high-kill shelters to an awaiting home or reputable rescue in a neighbouring city or province/state. Reach Out Rescue & Resources is one of the groups that regularly pulls dogs from kill shelters where they have simply run out of time. To volunteer to help transport dogs and give them a second chance at life, simply fill out the form on their site, reachoutrescue.org, or google “rescue dog transport” to find an organization near you.

Become a Foster Parent Overcrowded animal shelters are the rule, not the exception, so many rely on foster parents to provide a loving home without cages and kennels. By fostering, you save two dogs—the one you foster and the one you make space for in the shelter. “Our foster program helps animals who have a good chance of adoption, but who are either too young, sick, injured, under-socialized or emotionally stressed in the shelter environment,” says Kim Monteith, BC SPCA manager of animal welfare. There’s just one problem: your foster dog may become your fur-ever pet—many fosters fall in love and end up adopting their furry charge, a happy outcome for all involved. To provide a temporary home for a pup in need, contact your local shelter or rescue group and ask if they’re in need of foster homes.

Videographer and Photographer Videos and photos can actually save dogs’ lives by attracting attention on websites featuring adoptable pets and sparking social media buzz, increasing chances of adoption. No fancy camera is needed. In fact, your smart phone will do just fine, though by all means, your pro equipment is welcome. Reach

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out to your local shelter or rescue group and offer your services. A few tips: Arrange enough time beforehand to meet your subjects out of their cages and get them comfortable; avoid dreary backdrops (you may want to bring a backdrop with you if you’re taking photos in the shelter); cheerful accessories like bandanas or bowties are always a good idea; bring treats; get eye-level; and find out favourite playtime activities (ballistic for balls?) to get a smile. If you’re a budding videographer and/or photographer, what a great way to build your portfolio!

Copy Writer for Pet Bios Sure, a picture says a thousand words, but a short bio can help a rescue pup stand out! A well written description is a memorable marketing tool that provides details to motivate a potential adopter. Drop by your local shelter and offer your services. Then put your fingers to the keyboard and write a great pet profile. Not only will it ultimately attract an ideal adopter, it will also hone your writing skills and build your confidence as a writer. Visit petrescue.com for tips on how to write a great bio for an adoptable pup.

Park/Trail Cleanup Become a clean park/trail advocate. Chances are, your neighbourhood has a clean trails program and/or event you can join. For instance, Edmonton’s “Dogs Off-Leash” members recently hosted a fun Year of the Dog social meet-up followed by a group poop-clean-up effort in their local off-leash area. Or simply make it a habit to collect any trash or poop you encounter while on a walk, hike or beach run with your dog. Post the results with Clean Trails (cleantrails.org), a sustainability-focused nonprofit organization that galvanizes volunteers to support clean up initiatives in their local outdoor communities.


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DOES YOUR DOG NEED A DENTAL?

Y

ou wouldn’t wait years for a dental exam and teeth cleaning, and neither should your dog. Because the concept of regular dental checkups is relatively new, many of us don’t understand that our pup’s oral health problems are the same as ours. They too can suffer from gum disease and tooth loss, and, if left unchecked, it can lead to more serious problems such as organ damage, heart disease, and other health issues. You may think to yourself, but wild dogs don’t brush their teeth and visit the dentist! While that’s true, the life expectancy of a wild dog is around 5 years, while many pet dogs live twice that long, if not longer. And the teeth of those wild dogs? Likely gnarly! Like us, dogs have similar symptoms of oral disease, but unlike us, they don’t want to let on that it’s a problem. Animal instincts trump discomfort and they are hard-wired to never show signs of weakness. Your dog’s mouth could have bleeding gums and fractured teeth and you might never know—until you take him to the veterinarian. According to the American Veterinary Dental Association, more than 80 percent of dogs and cats older than three years have some form of periodontal disease, so it’s important to stay on top of your dog’s dental health.

SIGNS THAT YOUR DOG NEEDS DENTAL CARE You should regularily look at your dog’s teeth. Take a look at your dog’s upper lip and examine her gums: a rich red or purplish black colour indicates poor dental hygiene. If you notice an abscess in your dog’s gums or see a discoloration or swelling of the mouth and gum line, book a full dental examination with your vet.

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SIGNS OF PAIN CAUSED BY A DENTAL ISSUE INCLUDE: • • • • • • •

Reluctance to eat or chew Whining when eating Problems eating, loss of appetite Panting even when cool Pacing the room Drooling (excessive or more than usual) Pawing at the mouth

Bad breath or halitosis is usually a result of bacteria living in infected gum and dental tissue in your dog’s mouth. A buildup of bacteria and plaque on their teeth can smell like rotten fish. Halitosis can indicate a rotting or broken tooth, gum disease or food particles stuck in your dog’s mouth. Inflamed gums are usually caused by gingivitis, a gum disease that dogs are five times more likely to get than humans. Gingivitis can be extremely painful when your dog eats and swallows. Lumps or growths can be oral cancer. Your veterinarian will recommend a biopsy if any questionable lumps are seen in order to determine if the growth is cancerous. Some problems, like bad breath, are obvious to detect. It is easy, however, to miss the types of problem and signs that a trained and experienced veterinarian will pick up on. Schedule an appointment for a dental exam and cleaning sooner than later—early prevention is key. It’s significantly easier to address and resolve dental issues that are spotted early, compared to dental issues that go unnoticed and are allowed to further develop, and the importance of annual exams cannot be underestimated. To keep your dog healthy and happy, dental care is something you should trust to your veterinarian. And your vet can discuss a home dental program and show you how to clean your dog’s teeth. If, despite best intentions, brushing your dog’s teeth just doesn’t seem to happen, an easy-to-use oral health water additive such as Bluestem Oral Care (bluestempets.com) can help. Their scientifically developed formula uses food-grade ingredients to break down the biofilms in your dog’s mouth, attacking plaque and tartar and freshening breath.


BODY & SOUL ! Try this

Meals to Make Your Dog Go Nom Nom Nom

A new subscription-based dog food service called NomNomNow is delivering personalized meals for your dog right to your front door! Meals are made from recognizable fresh ingredients, individually portioned, and delivered free of charge— simply let them know key points such as your dog’s weight, age, activity level, and health issues and they’ll craft a meal especially for your dog. Made to order and formulated by a veterinary nutritionist, this service makes it ridiculously easy to feed your dog healthy food he’ll love. From $30 a week, nomnomnow.com

BYE BYE, URINE BURN! Give your dog a cleaner source of water while eliminating urine burn on grass

Filter your dog’s water and save your lawn from urine burn in the process! Dog Rocks, a natural product that comes straight from the ground, are placed in your dog’s water bowl to naturally filter out impurities such as tin, ammonia, and nitrates. Typically, these elements are carried out of your dog’s body through urine and it is these impurities that cause the unsightly brown patches on your grass. Dog Rocks prevent this. One small pack of Dog Rocks lasts for two whole months, which makes keeping your lawn happy and your dog’s water free of impurities a low maintenance affair. Just add the stones to your dog’s dish and soon your lawn will be green and thriving. From $10, dogrocks.com

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BODY & SOUL

BENEFITS OF GOAT MILK Make up for what may be missing in your dog’s dinner by adding in raw goat milk! Despite North America’s bias toward cow’s milk, one of the most widely consumed milks in the world is from goats. Though still not commonly consumed in the western world, goat milk is slowly gaining in popularity as people recognize its host of nutritional benefits for people and pets. In addition to adding much needed moisture to a kibble diet, it’s rich in omegas and medium chain triglycerides, providing fatty acids for healthy skin and coat. It’s also packed with protein and amino acids with high levels of digestible taurine. Plus, goat milk has much smaller fat globules than cow milk and is lower in lactose, making it easier to digest. In its raw form, goat milk is full of intact naturally occurring beneficial bacteria, enzymes, antioxidants, electrolytes, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals to benefit the health of your dog. It has natural antiinflammatory properties and the probiotics can improve digestion and help fight the yeast that can grow in and around your dog’s ears and paws! Want to give it a try? Primal Pet Foods makes a raw goat milk especially for dogs, enriched with superfood supplements like turmeric (anti-inflammatory properties), cinnamon (antioxidants), and ginger (anti-nausea). primalpetfoods.com THE FIND:

Specializing in herbal supplements designed specifically for pet health, family-run Hilton Herbs produces supplements under the strictest codes of safety and quality. Designed to optimize wellness and support your dog’s health, their herbal formulas address mobility problems, coat and skin issues, adrenal gland and lymphatic function, and more. hiltonherbsusa.com

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The Download: Addictive New App For Animal Lovers Find your online tribe: connect with a community of pet people with this fun new social app. If your page is all dog photos, this new social media platform is definitely for you! Forget Facebook’s fake news and stream of updates on other people’s kids—we’re here for the pet pics! With his paw-some new app called ZooPix, founder Will Reilly delivers a feel-good, animal-focused social media experience. Available for free through the app store, this fun app is all about the animals. Designed especially for pet people, ZooPix combines pet-focused social media, a rescue mission that helps adoptable animals find homes, animal-related services, and a pet show that will have you accumulating likes. Essentially, it’s like a big pet park: create a profile for your pup (or cat, or reptile, or miniature pony…) and connect with other animal lovers. We especially love how every time someone likes your photos, an animal-sound plays to alert you—depending upon your pet, it could be a meow, bark or chirp. The weekly Pet Show is super fun, but be warned, competition is fierce. After all, whose pet doesn’t want to be a Zooperstar and win virtual trophies and ribbons? ZooPix is also finding homes for pets in need by encouraging pet rescue and adoptions. Check out the “needs love” feature where shelters can join and showcase their available residents with the goal to find them loving forever homes. But again, be forewarned: this app is addictive!forewarned: this app is addictive! With a rating of 4.9 on the App Store, you know everyone’s having a good time.


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This USDA Certified Organic Healing Kit is essential for canine wellness and preventative maintenance. Pura Naturals Pet’s award-winning, USA made balms keep noses & paws soft and supple, while their restorative first-aid ointment quickly tends to minor cuts. Made to food-grade standards, these organic balms are safe if licked. PuraNaturalsPet.com

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BODY & SOUL

Clean Teeth Without Anesthesia!

K9 Gentle Dental offers anesthesia-free canine dental cleanings. Certified in Pet First Aid, every K9 Gentle Dental practitioner is recruited for their past experiences working with dogs and has completed training based on the only state-accredited, academically recognized anesthesia-free dental training program, putting both you and your pup at ease as they remove tartar build up and gently polish teeth. From $200, k9gentledental.ca

Apple Cider Vinegar for Canine Health The Water Additive That’s Improving Canine Dental Health The Water Additive That’s Improving Canine Dental Health Is brushing your dog’s teeth a battle? Oxyfresh offers a no-brush option to help reduce plaque and tartar. The Ultimate Pet Bad Breath Solution Kit is a non-toxic and alcohol-free dental care solution that helps to eliminate bacteria, coupled with a dental gel to further target plaque and bacteria. With its tasteless and odourless formula, this combination is perfect for dogs who are picky with new products. Simply add a capful to your dog’s water bowl, and apply the dental gel to gums as needed! $27, oxyfresh.com 64 moderndog

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Apple Cider Vinegar is an all-natural liquid with seemingly endless applications for both people and their pets. Made of fermented apples, this slightly acidic tonic can help your pup inside and out—add a teaspoon of an organic, live apple cider vinegar to your dog’s water bowl to help calm an overly alkaline digestive tract, apply it to the skin to soothe itch and irritation, or mix it with three parts water to make a cleaning solution that will get rid of the scent of urine and similar foul odours. Do not buy a white distilled vinegar as it has none of the beneficial elements of ACV. Instead, look for a raw, unfiltered, naturally fermented vinegar such as Bragg Organic Apple Cider Vinegar. (Look for the sediment in the bottom called “the mother” and you’ll know you’ve found the right stuff!) Bragg’s non-GMO apple cider vinegar is naturally gluten free, unpasteurized, and made from certified organic apples. With its antioxidant and antibacterial qualities, ACV is an easy way to support your dog’s health. $4, bragg.com


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WELLNESS

CBD AND YOUR DOG You keep hearing about CBD everywhere but you’re still not clear on just what it is, and if it can help your dog (or you). Let us explain

FIRST OFF, WHAT THE HECK IS CBD? If you’re wondering what the heck is CBD, you’re not alone. Suddenly the initials are everywhere. You may know it’s not pot, but what exactly is it? CBD, or cannabidiol, is derived from hemp and, unlike THC, it’s nonpsychoactive, meaning it won’t get you—or your pet—high.

BUT IS IT LEGAL? In October 2018 Canada became the second nation in the world to legalize both the recreational and medicinal use of marijuana and marijuana-derived products like CBD. And Health Canada recently approved a clinical trial to research the use of cannabidiol (CBD) to treat animal anxiety. In the U.S., it’s, well, complicated. There’s contradiction at the federal and state level—each state has it’s own thing going on while the DEA technically considers it illegal. So what does this mean? If you are in one of the nine cannabis-legal states (meaning they allow for recreational use— think California and Colorado), you can pick up CBD anywhere. Other states allow for medicinal marijuana (and derivative) use, and still others allow access to CBD. Most retailers, advocates, and aficionados say that CBD products derived from hemp are okay to use, buy, and sell, but best to check your state laws.

WHY IS EVERYONE OBSESSED WITH IT? There’s a reason everyone—from runners to rheumatic grandparents, cancer patients to chefs—is talking about CBD. It’s said to offer relief from pain, anxiety, and depression, stimulate the appetite and quell inflammatory response. Proponents testify it’s a remarkably effective, natural way to deal with all manner of ailments, including seizures, while helping people and pets alike relax. Many, many dog people have found that their dogs have a new lease on life following the administering of CBD.

WHERE CAN I FIND IT? Online, through your local dispensary, at pet stores, in acclaimed restaurants—CBD is suddenly everywhere. For people, it’s popping up on menus and cocktail lists across North America. LA-based restaurant Gracias Madre offers not one but four CBD-infused cocktails on their menu, while the New York City hotel The James New York (Nomad location) is serving up a complete CBD-inspired in-room menu curated by cannabis chef Andrea Drummer that includes CBD-infused dishes such as spicy meat balls, tater tots, and butter lettuce salad, as well as CBD toiletries, including lip balm and body scrubs. For pets, you’ll find CBD in tinctures, oils, dog treats, and orally administered sprays, available through pet stores, dispensaries, and online shops.

WHY WOULD I WANT TO GIVE IT TO MY DOG?

IN SHORT

For the same reason people take it. Owners report that dogs suffering from pain, anxiety, loss of appetite, and seizures, among other ailments, have shown remarkable improvement without suffering the side effects of conventionally prescribed medicines.

The anecdotal evidence from pet owners having seen a remarkable turnaround in their pets after administering CBD is pretty darn compelling, but as with everything, check with your vet.

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CBD AND YOUR DOG

TREATS

Dope Dog’s Calming Crunchies Hemp Oil Treats harness the power of nonGMO cannabinoid hemp oil to provide a calming effect via a tasty treat dogs love. Vegan and wheat free, these snacks are great for dogs with sensitive stomachs and allergies, too. $30, dope.dog

MediPets’ naturally flavoured Meaty Steak CBD Dog treats feature 5.5 mg of CBD in each treat to help your nervous dog in time of stress. These made-in-the-USA treats are also available in other flavours and strengths. $40, medipetscbd.com

OILS + TINCTURES Natural Doggie’s Hemp CBD Infused Virgin Coconut Oil combines the power of CBD with virgin coconut oil to calm anxiety, relieve pain, and promote healthy skin. This superfood has myriad health benefits, from aiding digestion to maintaining sleek and glossy coats, preventing infection, and more. From $40/8oz, naturaldoggie.com

Rich in Omega 3 fatty acids, Iceland Pure’s CBD Tinctures combine pharmaceutical human-grade sardine and anchovy oil with USA grown hemp for a powerhouse product. Specially formulated for pets, these tinctures come with an easy dispensing bottle to ensure your dog gets an accurate dosage. $105/1000ml, icelandpure.com

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Want to Give It a Try? Here are 9 CBD Products to Get You Started Holistic Hound’s Hemp & Mushroom bites are made with organically grown hemp produced in Colorado combined with organic pasture-raised chicken and a blend of five types of organic mushroom. Each bite includes a minimum of 3 mg of phytocannabinoid-rich hemp and is free of pesticides for a treat you can feel good about. From $4, holistichoundhemp.com

Medix CBD’s custom pet formula is infused with bacon flavoured, CBD-rich oil made from US-sourced industrial hemp and is available in dosages for small, medium, and large dogs. $30/30ml, medixcbd.com

ZenPup has just launched Clean, a fresh smelling dry shampoo with CBD that creates a soothing effect to help reduce itching, tame hot spots, and leave your pup with a healthier coat and skin. $40, zenpup.co

With a unique blend of organically grown hemp oil and wild krill oil, Grizzly Calming Aid for Dogs and Cats helps pets to cope with external stressors and supports a normal emotional balance. This is a perfect product for dogs who experience stress during travel! $25/2oz, grizzlypetproducts.com

Austin and Kat’s CBD Hemp Oil features wild Alaskan salmon oil infused with full spectrum CBD. Both are packed with powerful Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids providing vital nutrients for the skin, coat and body. Drops can be given orally or placed on food or treat to provide quick relief. From $30/100mg, austinandkat.com


How Dogs Grieve By Tracey Tong

E

thel the Chihuahua was dying. She’d suffered from an autoimmune disorder, which had been controlled by medication, for years. But the medication had stopped working, and the vet told Ethel’s owner, Alison Lee Carruthers, that there was nothing left to do. “My heart was broken,” Alison remembers. In 2013, the New York City fashion merchandiser made the decision to euthanize her beloved pet and long-time companion. What she didn’t anticipate was the grief of her other dog, Sam. While the two dogs had shied away from other canines, the pair had been inseparable for years. After Ethel passed, Sam stopped eating, began to lose weight, and generally moped around all day. He clung to Alison and her then-partner. “Not only was I upset about Ethel, I was worried about Sam as well,” Alison says. “He seemed depressed. I’d underestimated the depth of their connection.” Photographer Mathew McCarthy of Guelph, Ontario, has a similar story. His dog, Gertie, a Goldendoodle, was 10 years old when she died from cancer. “We brought her to the vet for that inevitable appointment,” he says. “Afterwards, Dexter, my other dog, walked from room to room for awhile looking for her. He also went to the same tree in the park where we would sit with Gertie when she was in too much pain to walk. Still makes me choke up thinking about it,” he says. In order to help Dexter through his grieving, Mathew let him sleep on the bed “for what we thought would be just the first while.” He’s been there every night since. “I think it helped,” Mathew says. “He seemed not right for a

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couple weeks and continued to pull toward that spot in the park for months.” The subject of animals and grief has been of great interest to Dr. Barbara J. King, Professor Emerita in the Department of Anthropology at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, and the author of How Animals Grieve. “I find it incredibly moving to realize that—as has become a theme in my writing and public speaking—grief and love aren’t only human emotions,” says Dr. King. “We share them with many other creatures on our Earth. That brings me a sense of connection and also of solace when I myself am faced with grief.” The interest in animals and grief goes back to Darwin in the 19th century, but Dr. King says that in the last five years, there has been a revival of attention to this topic by scientists, many of whom study the links between anthropomorphism and conservation behaviour. “From wild animals to farmed and companion animals, the studies on animal grief are increasing by the month,” she says. Last summer, the world watched with sadness as the Orca called Tahlequah carried her dead calf with her in the Pacific Northwest for 17 days in what the media referred to as a “tour of grief.” Although animals do not verbalize their grief in words the way humans do, there is still evidence across the animal kingdom—from dogs and cats to chimpanzees to dolphins— that shows they may grieve the loss of a mate or family member quite intensely through persistent patterns of social withdrawal, changed eating or sleeping patterns, and signals


“Not only was I upset about Ethel, I was worried about Sam as well,” Alison says. “He seemed depressed. I’d underestimated the depth of their connection.” in their body language, Dr King says. In How Animals Grieve, she cites statistics from the ASPCA’s Companion Animal Mourning Project that indicate that two-thirds of dogs exhibit negative behavioural changes after losing another dog from their household and that these changes may linger for up to six months. To get an idea as to what may be going on in a dog’s head when a loved one dies, we can look at what goes on in the mind of a child in the two to five-year age range, says Dr. Stanley Coren, Professor Emeritus in the Department of Psychology at the University of British Columbia. “These children do not understand that death is irreversible,” says Dr. Coren. “It is common for a young child to be told something like ‘Aunt Ida has died and won’t be coming back,’ only to have the child ask a few hours later, ‘When will we get to see Aunt Ida again?’ Children do not comprehend that the life functions of their loved one have been terminated and this is reflected in their questions as they try to understand the situation. They ask things like: ‘Do you think we should put a sandwich or an apple in Grandma’s coffin in case she gets hungry?’ In the absence of an understanding of death there can be pain and sorrow and depression, but the behavioural scientists suggest that this is different from the more adult feelings of grief.” Dr. Coren saw firsthand the heartache and sorrow that the loss of a loved one could bring to a dog when his cherished Flatcoated Retriever, Odin, died. With Odin gone, Dancer, a Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever, systematically looked at each of the four locations where his companion would go to lie down. After doing this several times

he wandered to centre of the room, looking around forlornly, and whimpering. “It was several weeks before he stopped checking all of the places that Odin should have been whenever he came home from a walk,” says Dr. Coren. “Much like one might expect from a child who did not have the concept of the permanence of death, Dancer never gave up on the idea that Odin might reappear. Up through the last year of his long life, Dancer would still rush toward any long-haired black dog that he saw, with his tail batting and hopeful barks as if he expected that perhaps his friend had returned.” Well known are the stories of loyal grieving dogs Greyfriars Bobby and Hachiko. Greyfriars Bobby was a Skye Terrier who spent 14 years guarding the grave of his owner in Edinburgh, Scotland, during the 19th century. Hachiko, an Akita in Japan, spent nine years waiting for his owner following his death. Everyday Hachiko would return to the train station where he used to welcome his owner home from work, waiting hours for his return. Both dogs have been upheld for their loyalty and have inspired books, movies, and statues. More contemporary cases of dog loyalty and grieving can be found on the Internet. A rescued Rottweiler named Brutus lays next to his dying brother, Hank, and refuses to leave. In Cedar Rapids, Iowa, a miniature Schnauzer, Fitzi, wanders 20 blocks from home to a hospital where her owner was being treated for cancer. A dog is filmed chasing down the ambulance that speeds away with his sick owner in Goiana, Brazil, and in Abbotsford, British Columbia, a 13-year-old Border Collie-Dalmatian-German Shepherd cross named Sadie resumes eating only after attending her deceased master’s memorial service.

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One case Dr. Coren finds particularly touching is that of Jon Tumilson and his black Labrador Retriever, Hawkeye. When the Navy SEAL was killed in Afghanistan in 2011, his dog lay in front of his flag-draped casket at the funeral in Iowa, where he remained for the entire service, a moment immortalized in a now-famous photograph. “Yes, there is sorrow, but perhaps something more positive than grief,” says Dr. Coren. “Because dogs do not have the knowledge that death is forever, at least there is the option to hope—a hope that their loved one might come back again.” Dr. King says that although “animal people” intuitively understand, through living with dogs, cats, and other pets, a great deal about animal emotions, the idea that animals feel emotions is still met with scientific skepticism. “Even today, I discover that some scientists claim it’s often a case of anthropomorphism—an inappropriate ascribing of our human feelings to our pets or other animals,” she says. “Yet there’s scientific evidence to show that often this isn’t anthropomorphism at all. When we observe carefully, the animals themselves tell us through their own visible behaviours if they feel enormous sadness when a family member or close friend dies, or when they become separated from them for one reason or another.” That dogs grieve doesn’t surprise Frances Tregurtha at all. The Hamilton, Ontario registered massage therapist and osteopathic thesis writer grew up with dogs and cats. She believes they can be “more tuned in than a lot of people I know. They don’t question their motivation or appropriateness of the things they need to do to process, they just do it,” she says. When Frances’ cat Tyson was killed by a car, her Rottweiler cross, Pepper, began to sleep under the chair in the living room where Tyson liked to sleep — a space far too small for the large dog. “She did this for at least a few weeks,” Frances recalls. Dr. Coren points to a study, headed by Jessica Walker from the

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New Zealand Companion Animal Counsel, on how surviving pets responded to the disappearance of their companion. The study showed that one of the most common behaviours observed in dogs was to continually check the places where their lost housemate normally napped or rested. Grieving dogs also become clingy and needy, sleep more and show decreased appetite. This study is of great interest to Dr. Coren, who says “that these are all behaviours which one might observe in a human child who was experiencing grief and stress because of the loss of a human family member,” he says. For Dr. King, the grasp of animal emotions has broader social implications. It “becomes a call for all of us to think about both our own interactions with animals and the patterns in society around treatment of animals,” she says. “We can use what we know of animal grief to help animals who are in emotional difficulty,” she says. “[We] can give dogs extra love and attention and veterinary care if they need it, and make sure they aren’t spending most of the day alone. We can refuse to separate dolphins from their families to put them in theme parks for our entertainment. We can see what is wrong with a dairy-food system that again and again keeps apart mother cows from their offspring.” For mourning dogs, times heals, as it does for humans. Whether they have lost another dog or a human friend, many grieving dogs just need time, plus extra doses of attention and exercise and love, says Dr. King. Others may respond to a younger animal, which can offset an animal’s grief by providing a lighter mood. “Occasionally, veterinary treatment is needed for intractable grief,” Dr. King says. “Much depends on the grieving animal’s personality and circumstances.” In Dexter’s case, time has lessened his sadness over his canine friend Gertie’s death. “He’s OK now,” Mathew says of his dog. “I think he just got used to the idea that she was gone.” n


Dogs & Grief Signs + Symptoms

The signs that a dog is grieving may vary from individual to individual, and can be assessed by the person who knows the grieving dog best. Common signs include loss of appetite, lethargy, and anxiety behaviours including pacing and clinginess.

Go to TherapyPals.com to see if you qualify for an Emotional Support Animal Use Modern10 for a 10% discount

In other cases, the symptoms may be even more startling, says Dr. King — “relentlessly searching the house or yard for the dog or person who has died, an inability to rest or alternatively sleeping way too much, a real refusal to eat properly that risks the dog’s good health, spiraling anxiety that shows up as excessive barking or ‘bad behaviour’ that really is just acting out deep feelings,” she says. “The signs will vary with a dog’s personality, too; keep in mind that not all dogs will grieve and some may even be thrilled if another dog in the home dies, because they will now get more attention than ever.” Owners should watch out for symptoms of grief and treat them accordingly. Offering a grieving dog an exercise regime, enrichment such as toys and treats, and renewed training to provide extra routine and structure may all help. “Know when it’s enough to help the dog yourself and when it’s time to seek veterinary advice or intervention,” she says. “Close attention (and) intuition are the best tools of all.” Some animal behaviourists believe that the grief response in dogs can be reduced if the animal gets a chance to view their deceased companion’s body. “The idea seems to be that this will provide closure,” Dr. Coren says. “It is suggested that the dog will now understand that their companion is no longer alive and is not coming back; in other words, this is a final separation not based upon their housemate simply going away… This seems to confirm to me that dogs act very much like young human children in that they do not have a concept of death as a final and irrevocable separation.”

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Tempting Treats

Super-tasty high-value treats to tempt—and induce cooperation from—even the pickiest pups. Modern Dog office pack tested and approved!

These super-delish treats are sustainable— and made of crickets! Jiminy’s Original Recipe Dog Treats are a high protein mix of crickets (yes, crickets!) and lentils, plus easy-on-thestomach pumpkin puree, making them a perfect choice for keeping your dog satisfied while reducing your environmental impact. $13, jiminys.com

Bring your dog’s treats closer to the wild! Vital Essential’s freeze-drying process locks in essential nutrients without cooking the meat, creating a safe raw dog treat free of artificial ingredients, added hormones or antibiotics. Beef Liver Freeze-Dried Treats from $8, veraw.com

Get your dog jumping for jerky! At only 40 calories a treat, Rayne Rewards S.I.T. Kangaroo Jerky pairs perfectly with low-cal and novel protein diets. With only a few quality ingredients, this snack is perfect for pets with food sensitivities. It’s a great treat for cats as well. raynecanada.ca/treats

{Stocking Stuffer Idea!} Get your dog in the holiday spirit with Santa’s Helper festive treats! Mouthwatering ingredients like sweet potatoes, turkey, and cranberries make them a delicious but still low-calorie snack! $11, einsteinpets.com

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Best Bully Sticks are a fantastic rawhide alternative. Easily digestible and sourced from free-range Brazilian cattle, this single-ingredient dog treat is great for promoting the health of your dog’s teeth and gums. From $4, bestbullysticks.com

Treat your dog to something creamy and crunchy! Fruitable’s Greek Yogurt Crunchers combine Greek yogurt, coconut, pumpkin granola, and fruit for a flavour dogs find irresistible. The Modern Dog office pack loves these little treats! From $5, fruitablespetfood.com Chicken jerky? Yes please. This all-natural treat is made of 100% US-sourced chicken that is free of antibiotics, hormones, additives, and preservatives. Handcrafted in small batches, these strips are fresh, fun, and filler-free. $15, campfiretreats.com

Mongolian Hard Yogurt Chews are based on a traditional 13th century recipe, using only 100% pasteurized organic milk! Easily digestible, this chewy treat stimulates healthy teeth and gums for a happy dog. $9, yogurt4pet.com


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Mentally & Physically Stimulating Games to Play with Your Dog

2

HIDE-ANDGO-SEEK: VERSION 2.0 OR CLASSIC In what is being called the “What The Fluff” challenge, people are “disappearing” right before their dogs’ eyes. Videos of this trick recently proliferated across the internet— Google #WhatTheFluff to watch it in action. In a nutshell, people obscure themselves with a blanket while they duck behind a doorframe; when the blanket drops, they’ve disappeared, much to their dogs’ mystification and surprise. This trick is essentially a variant of a hide-and-go-seek game crossed with a bit of sleight-of-hand magic. Give it a try or simply take it back to basics—hide yourself in another room, behind a tree or beneath an object, then call your dog to come find you. Reward your dog with lots of praise, a play session or a tasty treat when she finds you. Hide and seek is a great, simple exercise for bond building and recall, and a wonderful reminder to your dog that good things (Love! Food! Games!) happen when you’re around.

1

RETRIEVE TOYS BY NAME

Most dogs adore some form of fetch (though you may have to work on the part where they return the tossed object to you). Take your game to the next level by introducing two objects by name (example: “Teddy” and “Blue Whale”). For a mental workout, present both objects at a distance and work with your dog to retrieve the right one (“Go get Blue Whale!”). Need inspiration? A Border Collie named Chaser was trained to comprehend the names of more than 1000 objects. Science Daily reports that researchers at Wofford College “stopped training the dog after three years due to their time constraints, not because the dog could not learn more names.” Bar set.

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3

TUG-O-WAR

Tug-o-war is beloved by dogs but many people worry it could cause their dogs to become overly excited or aggressive. Behaviourist Dr. Ian Dunbar counters that when played intelligently, tug-o-war is actually a great way to practice keeping control over your dog when she’s excited. But ground rules are necessary. Dr. Dunbar’s guidelines stipulate that you be the one to initiate the game and to only play if you are able to get your dog to release the tug toy and


sit at any time. He advises practicing a release and sit every 30 seconds and mixing in short training breaks before resuming the game—a great reward for your dog’s compliance. To get your dog to release the toy and take a break, he coaches to “waggle a treat in front of her nose” and guide your dog into a sit before releasing with praise, the treat, and offering the toy for more tug time. Playing tug like this teaches dogs that it’s not a big deal if someone takes their toy away as they’re likely to get it back—or something better (food!), thus reducing guarding tendencies. What if your dog takes the toy before you tell her to? Dr. Dunbar enforces a 30-second time out before asking for a sit and offering the toy again. Same mistake three times in a row? Game over, no exception!

4

NOSE WORK

“Nose work is a lot of fun,” says acclaimed veterinary behaviourist Dr. Nicholas Dodman. Nose work activities allow dogs to harness their noses’ amazing ability to detect scent. Dogs possess up to 300 million olfactory receptors in their noses, compared to our approximate six million. And the part of a dog’s brain that is devoted to analyzing smells is proportionally 40 times larger than ours. In nose work training, dogs learn to identify and locate a particular scent, often hidden in cardboard boxes, either inside or outside. This fun, mentally engaging work makes use of your dog’s most powerful sense—his sense of smell. To get started, find eight fun scent games you can play with your dog at home at moderndogmagazine.com/nosework.

5

AGILITY COURSE TRAINING

Agility courses are simply terrific for dogs. In agility, dogs have to think and remember what comes next in the course (mental engagement), get to run off steam (physical exercise), and work with their favourite person (quality bonding time)—it’s a perfect activity. Furthermore, agility trains your dog to listen while providing them with a terrific amount of exercise. Join an agility group and make new friends, human and canine alike! Or, if joining a group is keeping you from getting started, you can create a DIY agility course in your backyard—get the how-to at moderndogmagazine.com/diyagility. moderndogmagazine.com

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to a

Better Dog H

ave you let problematic or just plain slightly annoying behaviour slide? Or is your dog a “good dog” and so you’ve just stopped brushing up on training, which is really time to engage with your dog, bond, and work together? In either case, we’ve created a 30-day action plan of fun, doable exercises and activities that take hardly any time but can reap huge rewards where your relationship with your dog is concerned. Dive right in—it’s just one simple suggestion per day.

#1 Identify the top three behaviours you want to work on with your dog—say a rock-solid recall, no jumping up, and not pulling on leash—and set aside 15 dedicated minutes twice a day to work on this skill with your dog. Set a timer on your phone. Rotate which skill you’re working on every day. (Find tips for working on these skills plus solving a host of other problems at moderndogmagazine.com/training)

#2 Have you heard the time-worn adage “a tired dog is a good dog?” It generally holds true. Commit to an increased exercise schedule, even if it’s just adding an extra block to your dog walk—it all adds up. Challenge yourself to a jog or a speed(ier) walk every other day. Increase your chances of sticking to it with LinkAKC’s very cool Smart Collar that precisely identifies your dog’s movement throughout the day (linkakc.com) and provides activity

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level recommendations based on your dog’s age, breed, behaviour, and size to keep you motivated and inspired. Plus it’s GPS feature monitors your dog’s location in case he ever gets away.

#3 Reward, reward, reward. Food is a powerful motivator. Make sure your dog stays interested in the training sessions by giving him some extra-delicious, high-value treats like Boo Boo’s Best (booboosbest.com), made of wild and free range ingredients.

#4 Keep those treats handy so that no matter where you are, you can reward your dog when he performs a desired behaviour, whether it’s a “stay,” a “drop it” or an excellent recall at the dog park. Co-designed with dog trainers, Doog’s awesome Good Dog Treat Bag (doogusa.com) is designed to effortlessly and stylishly keep treats on hand.

#5 Try clicker training if you’ve never done so before. An investment of just a few dollars lets you mark positive behaviours the second they occur, sans treats. Clicker training is excellent for trick training. Keep your clicker on your keychain so it’s always on hand or download the iClicker app in the app store (free; available only for IOS).

ILLUSTRATION JESS GOLDEN

30 Days


#6 Today you’re going to make your dog work for it. Feed your dog all his dinner by hand, delivered piece by piece in exchange for running through his trick repertoire.

#7 Engage, challenge, and bond with your dog while gaining deeper insight into how he thinks with Kyra Sundance’s Dog Training in 10 Minutes a Day. Her effective, positive, and humane training methods will inspire a confident and happy dog.

#8 Is leash pulling a problem? Upgrade your lead situation with the Otto Dog Harness (petsavvi.com). It reduces the amount of pulling force your dog can create and can be worn with or without a collar.

#9 Walk with purpose. Rather than just letting your dog loose at the dog park, find a friend with a well-matched dog and go for a walk together. This is an especially good activity for dogs who aren’t super with other dogs. United in a common focused purpose, they can get used to one another.

#10 Create a nose-powered treasure hunt! This activity takes all of two minutes to set up and it is super fun for dogs. Have your dog wait in another room while you hide small treats all over the house for her to seek out and find. It also let’s you work on “stay” until you release your dog to find the hidden treats (you may need to enlist a helper to help your dog wait while you hide the treats).

#11 New toyyyyyyys! Sign up for super-fun monthly subscription service like Dog Bundles (dogbundles.ca), which puts together a curated selection of toys and treats matched to your pup and delivers it to your door! What could be more delightful than opening a box of surprise goodies with your dog?

#12 If you have a fetch-aholic on your hands, gift your dog iFetch’s automatic ball throwing toy (goifetch.com). Dogs can play by themselves and you can set the distance so you can even play inside.

#13 Get out into nature, or the closest you can. Think of how mentally stimulating a new wild area is for dogs—and for you as well.

#14 Away for the day? Keep your dog busy with a food puzzle toy. Many of us stop using Kongs and other stuff-able toys when our dogs pass from puppyhood and inappropriate chewing is no longer a problem. But peanut butter-stuffable puzzle toys, like Jolly Pets treat dispensing Monster Ball (jollypets.com) remain a great way to occupy a home-alone dog. Bring back the food-stuffed toys!

#15 Swap out food rewards for play sessions. If your dog is crazy about tug or a particular stuffy, use that as his treat for doing as you ask.

#16 Rotate your dog’s toys so just a couple are out. Put the rest away and swap them out every week so they remain fresh and interesting.

#17 Introduce a new trick, such as commando crawling (lure and treat) or sneeze on command (done by capturing and rewarding the behaviour). Encourage your dog’s new skill acquisition will an irresistible treat, like Jiminy’s Pea, Sweet Potato, and Cricket Chewy Training Treats (jiminys.com).

#18 Free day! The absolute best thing you can do for your dog is just spend time being present with him. Bring him along on some dog-friendly errands (the pet store, the hardware store).

#19 Grooming session. Take this opportunity to really check in with your dog and give him a head to toe once over, handling him from his feet to his ears.

#20 Get inspired! Read Guardians of Being by Eckhart Tolle and Patrick McDonnell. This collection of witty and charming drawings celebrates the oneness of life as well as the wonder and joy to be found in the present moment. moderndogmagazine.com

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#22 Get your evening walk on! Reflective gear for nighttime or early morning walks keeps you seen and safe. There’s something to be said for dressing the part and willing it into being.

#23 Finally, give agility a try! Dog training centres typically offer short term beginner’s courses. In Toronto, ON, All About Dogs' six week foundation skill course is just $250 (allaboutdogs.ca). Afraid your pup won't commit? Check and see whether the facility near you offers one-time private lessons to test the waters.

#24 Try geocaching, a high-tech treasure hunt that’s the perfect outdoor activity to undertake with your dog! You’ll need a GPS-enabled device like a smart phone and your dog, and that’s it! There are millions of geocaches hidden around the world—there are probably some near you right now. Get started at geocaching.com.

#25 Work on that “stay:” have your dog wait for your cue before you release him to go eat his dinner.

#26 Give your dog a long-lasting natural chew so he can indulge his desire to chomp on something. Dogs go crazy for braided bully stick beef pizzles from Jones Natural Chews (jonesnaturalchews.com).

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#27 Make some new friends: find a breed meet up. Mixed or purebred, there’s meet ups of all ilk, whether packs of Pugs or eastside dog lovers. Find your new crew at meetup.com. Here’s a look at just a few of the Small Breed Dogs Meetups happening near Vancouver. »» »» »» »» »» »»

Vancouver Dog Owner Meet-Up. The Small Dog Meetup. Teacup Pups Playgroup. The Burnaby Pug Group. Vancouver Boston Terrier Monthly Meetup. Lower Mainland Chihuahua Meet Up.

#28 Focused attention. Really check in with your dog instead of just running through obligatory actions. Everyone, our dogs included, bloom with this kind of consideration.

#29 Switch up your usual walk route so your dog can get fired up over all the new sensory info, particularly the smells. The same old trudge around the block is boring for you both.

#30 Day 30! Celebrate your improved bond and your dog’s better behaviour by taking your dog on an outing that really stokes him—a nature walk perhaps, or your best friend’s house or a trip to the beach. You’ve both earned it. Now keep up the great work! You’re one of the good ones.

PHOTO LEAH WELLS

exercise and great way to keep track of any lumps, bumps, or sore areas. Get the how-to for canine massage at moderndogmagazine.com/caninemassage.

ILLUSTRATION BY MARGO MCKNIGHT

#21 Canine massage. This is a wonderful bonding


After

PUPPY STYLED Japanese Dog Grooming— Before and Afters. Sometimes, all it takes is a great haircut

W

hen LA-based photographer Grace Chon began to work on the idea for an original photo series called “Hairy,” she didn’t know it would become the delightful, newly released book Puppy Styled. She just knew she wanted to capture a series of before-and-after shots of dogs transformed through grooming. In working on the series, Grace quickly became captivated by Japanese dog grooming, which, unlike standard breed haircuts, has but one adjective: make the dog as cute as possible, while bringing out the personality of the individual pup. Hand scissor-work is done with detail and precision, transforming each dog into an anime-like character of over-the-top cuteness. Grace’s photos, ridiculously adorable before and after’s documenting the transformation, are now gathered in her new book Puppy Styled, and are all but guaranteed to make you smile. As Grace notes, sometimes, all it takes is a great haircut.

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PHOTOS GRACE CHON

Before


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Look

WHAT WE FOUND! The Modern Dog team's current faves, finds & obessions

You and your dog are a matching set, so your accessories should be, too! This exclusive line of Furs ‘N Hers collar and bracelet sets include hand carved or stamped designs on a comfortably webbed collar for your dog and a matching design on a soft suede bracelet for you. From $80, sleepyholow.ca

Bejeweled and absolutely beautiful, the Lunar Eclipse collar from Madison and Maude is decorated with genuine gemstones and Swarovski Crystals in a huge array of colours. With stainless steel hardware and bevelled edges for a comfortable fit, this gorgeous piece is sure to make other dogs jealous! $45, madisonmaude.com

For the dog lover that has everything! This cast-bronze toilet paper holder from Anything Dogs featuring bronze dog heads is the ultimate in canine-inspired home décor. Available in a huge variety of breeds, from Airedales to Mastiffs and more. From $160, anythingdogs.com Let your dog strut in style! This microvelvet walking and travelling coat from Bowsers features adjustable straps to make getting dressed quick and easy. Lined with luxurious microplush, a cross between plush faux fur and velvet, this coat is magnificently soft and machine washable! From $45, bowsers.com

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Elevate your dog’s dining experience with NMN Designs' chic Indus Double Diner. This USA-made piece features a hardwood base and stainless steel top, available in two sizes and finishes to fit your pup’s personality and your personal taste. $155, nmndesigns.com

Finally, a way to stylishly show your passion for pups! Carrie Cramer’s handcrafted jewelry features tasteful silhouettes of your favourite breeds, from Greyhounds to Schnauzers and more. Choose sterling silver or white, yellow, or rose gold then make it custom with engravings or diamond embellishments. From $195, carriecramer.com


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PARTTIME DOGS

How to borrow a dog for some canine company, or test-drive a breed to see if you’re a match! By Jane Mundy

Tibetan Terrier

D

o you know someone who would love the company of a dog, but can’t for whatever reason—housing, travel, workschedule—make a full-time commitment? Or, do you have a penchant for a particular breed, say a Cairn-Terrier or Saint Bernard, but wonder if the Cairn’s busy terrier-ness or the Berner’s giant size is a match for your personality and lifestyle? If you’ve ever hankered for some part-time dog company or wanted to try out a certain breed, borrowing a dog could be the ticket! And yes, it’s possible: fostering, pet-sitting, a shelter sleep-over or signing up to walk strangers’ dogs all allow you to clock some quality, commitment-free canine time. Whether you want to get to know a particular breed or you’re a busy professional or a student who could really use a dog walk to decompress, here are four ways to borrow a dog.

Sleepovers

Have a sleepover with a shelter dog. With this win-win that only requires a day-and-half commitment, you can make a difference in a dog’s life while trying out different breeds. An increasing number of shelters and rescues let you have a sleepover with a resident pup, offering a meaningful break from shelter stresses. These programs not only encourage adoption, they give the dog a needed respite from life in the shelter. The Lifeline Animal Project in Atlanta, Georgia is one such shelter. It has expanded its “Dog for the Day” volunteer program to include sleepovers so you can give a rescue dog some important socialization time, and prospective adopters can get a better sense of the dog’s personality. At Best Friends Animal Society’s Utah Sanctuary, visitors can share an on-site cabin, cottage or hotel room with an adoptable furry friend for a memorable sleepover that lets you spend quality snuggle time with a very appreciative pup.

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In 2016, the non-profit Maddie’s Fund funded the first pilot study to determine if shelter dogs benefitted from short-term sleep overs. By testing the level of cortisol in the dog’s urine before and after their stay, the study found that the dogs’ cortisol levels significantly dropped with just one overnight foster stay. And though the effects weren’t long lasting—once returned to the shelter, the dogs’ cortisol levels returned to what they were before they left—they did not increase. The data led researchers to believe that these sleepovers may act much like weekends to our workweek. TGIF!


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Foster

Most shelters and rescues are in desperate need of fosters, who temporarily take in an adoptable dog, giving that dog a safe space to shine while looking for his fur-ever home. Foster programs also create much needed space in shelters so they can help more dogs. Fostering, which can be for just a few days to months in duration, let’s you really get to know a dog’s personality and breed-specific traits and makes a huge difference both in that dog’s life and in the shelters. All expenses are typically covered. Warning: foster-pup parents frequently fall for their furry charges and become lovingly referred to as “foster failures” when they adopt their fostered pet because they can’t bear to part with them. Organizations like 911FosterPets.com lets you search for foster pups in your area.

Dog Sharing Communities

Dogtime Community (dogtimecommunity.com) lets dog lovers connect with dogs available for walks across Canada. Free for dog owners loaning out their pups, dog-lovers get the first walk free and then pay $10 per month for unlimited walkies/commitmentfree canine companionship, making it an ideal way to walk some different breeds and see which jive with you! For registered non-profit City Dog Share (citydogshare.org ), the mission is to connect people and dogs via their mantra “I will watch your dog and you can watch mine!”—but even those without a dog to swap can get in on the action. Whether you have a dog or not, you can start making new friends in the SF Bay Area, Los Angeles, Humboldt County, Portland, and Seattle. Some of their newest groups have opened in San Luis Obispo, South Dakota, Boston, Brooklyn, Tucson, Denver, and Vancouver. People with dogs can trade walking and sitting duties and dog lovers can borrow a pooch. Owners post a picture of their dog and when they need to be watched. Members can comment on the post or send a private message. The group also helps dog shelters and other animal charities—any donations are 100 percent tax deductible and help the entire City Dog Share community.

DOGTIME COMMUNITY MEMBERS Taro - Vancouver, BC

Olive - New York City, NY

Buddha - Calgary, AB

Bubu - London, UK

This smiling Bichon Frise is a foster dog that was abandoned at age 10. Rescued by a dog rescue group, she was fostered before being adopted by a loving family.

Walk dogs

Get to know different breeds while making some extra scratch! Rover.com is the Airbnb of the dog world. Owners and sitters create profiles for their pets or pet-care experience, with would-be sitters offering everything from sleepovers to walkies and even grooming and bathing. Sitters determine their rates, which range from $10 - $75 per day, with Rover.com taking a cut. Based in the U.K., Borrow My Doggy (borrowmydoggy.com) lets dog owners post pics and details about their pups so they can connect with prospective dog “sharers.” Owners find a trusty dog lover to help look after their furbaby and borrowers get to spend quality time with a pooch, without the fulltime commitment of having a dog. Matches are suggested based on distance and availability, and members pick the ones they like the look of.

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eat D.I.Y.

RECIPIE

Turkey & Sweet Potato Pie for Pups By Suzi Beber

Make your dog a home-cooked dinner. This fast meal can be served cooked or raw and is packed with health-enhancing ingredients like: Cranberries, which contain vitamin C, manganese, and fiber, to help fight urinary tract infections. Sweet potato for dietary fiber, plus vitamin B6, vitamin C, beta carotene, and manganese. Turmeric for antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Turmeric is also known to reduce the chances of colon cancer. Lean turkey for protein power. Parsley, a source of flavonoids, antioxidants, and vitamins, as well as lycopene and carotenes. Often added to dog treats as a breath freshener or used to soothe the stomach, parsley has a long history of use with dogs. (Note: “Spring parsley,” a member of the carrot family that resembles parsley is toxic to dogs and cats.)

INGREDIENTS *Choose organic ingredients whenever possible. •

1 pound ground turkey (Or simply use turkey leftovers!)

2 cups grated sweet potatoes or yams, or a combo

2 eggs, lightly beaten

1/4 cup fresh parsley, finely chopped

1/2 cup fresh or frozen cranberries, finely chopped

1 clove garlic, finely minced or grated (optional)

1/2 teaspoon turmeric

1 cup chicken stock, homemade or store bought (no salt added)

DIRECTIONS 1.

Preheat oven to 350°F. Lightly grease a glass or oven-totable pie plate or cake pan with first-pressed olive oil, another oil of your choice, or butter.

2.

Line pie plate with shredded sweet potatoes/yams. Press down with fingers.

3.

Lightly sprinkle minced garlic (optional) and turmeric on top.  

4.

Combine 1/2 cup stock and 1 lightly beaten egg, and pour on top.  

5.

Sprinkle 1/8 cup parsley and 1/4 cup cranberries on top.  

6.

Distribute ground turkey evenly over mixture.  

7.

Add the remaining 1/2 cup stock and the second lightly beaten egg.

8.

Sprinkle sea salt over top (optional). Then, add the remaining parsley and cranberries. Gently press down mixture with a spatula or the back of a spoon.

9.

Place pie in preheated oven for 1 hour to 1 hour and 15 minutes.

10. Cool completely before slicing and serving. Add a dollop of plain whole milk or goat yogurt for an extra special treat. (Yogurt is a natural source of probiotics and is especially good for dogs with digestive problems.)

Pro Tips: This recipe can also be served raw. Simply mix all ingredients together (rather than layering for baking) and serve. It passed the human taste-test too! For your human family members, fill a ready-made pie crust with the ingredients above, add a teaspoon of Himalayan sea salt, and then bake, serve, and enjoy. This recipe can easily be doubled and frozen for future use.

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HOW COULD YOU EVER RESIST?

1 Year For Ju st $16

Subscribe to the “Best Dog Magazine Ever” at:

moderndogmagazine.com/subscribe Then you’ll never miss the latest in everything dog, from insights into your dog’s behaviour to cool finds, the best toys, awesome DIYs, and heartwarming stories!


TRAINING

I'm not unfriendly, I'm just insecure...

BUILDING CANINE CONFIDENCE Is your dog insecure? Here’s how to tell if a lack of self-assurance is at the root of behavioural issues, as well as tips and tricks to boost your dog’s confidence By Nicole Wilde

L

ike humans, dogs are born with a genetic blueprint that determines, in part, personality traits. Life experiences then contribute to the other half of the nature-nurture equation. While some dogs are genetically predisposed to being more confident, others are less so. An insecure dog might feel unsure when being introduced to novel situations or new locations, or when meeting strangers or unfamiliar dogs. He might seem less confident when separated from his owner or from the dog he lives with, or even be completely unwilling to explore new scenarios on his own. The good news is, even if your dog was born with a predisposition toward being less self-assured, there are a multitude of ways you can help to bolster his confidence.

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First and foremost, you’ll need to implement a training program. Training is important for any dog for obvious reasons, but for an insecure dog, acquiring and demonstrating skills is crucial because it teaches them what is expected and how to respond. Clicker training in particular is excellent for building confidence, as it teaches dogs to think for themselves and to offer appropriate behaviours, which are then rewarded.There are many good books and online resources from which to learn this fun and effective training method. Clicker training is also an excellent way to teach tricks—another confidence booster! Another way to increase self-assurance is through canine sports. Dogs who are energetic, physically fit, and able to perform jumps and other feats of athleticism may enjoy


“For an insecure dog, acquiring and demonstrating skills is crucial because it teaches them what is expected and how to respond.” competing in agility, or even taking a class just for fun. But any dog, even those who are older or not as physically able, can still participate in sports such as K9 Nosework, where they learn to sniff out various scents. Other sports to choose from, depending on your dog’s breed, age, and physical condition, include canine freestyle (dancing with dogs), barn hunt, lure coursing, herding, and rally obedience, just to name a few. All are mentally stimulating and are great ways to have fun together while building your dog’s confidence. Whether training or engaging in dog sports, always proceed at your dog’s pace. It’s no fun for anyone to learn when being pushed too hard too fast. Watch for signs of stress (such as panting or repetitive yawning), and if your dog is becoming overwhelmed, stop and do something fun instead. If you’re training, go back to a skill he already knows and enjoys performing, then build up to more difficult ones in small, incremental steps. In sports, if your dog doesn’t seem to take pleasure in a particular type, that’s okay; try another until you find one he enjoys. If your dog’s insecurity flares when meeting new dogs or people, or going to new places, pair those experiences with something he likes. Let’s say he’s nervous around unfamiliar dogs. As soon as he sees one, feed a few treats rapidly one after another, and, if you’d like, add some happy talk. Once the other dog disappears, so do the treats and happy talk. This is basic classical conditioning, and it can be applied to encountering dogs, people, and new places. Again, take it slow and go at your dog’s pace. Socialization should be incremental as well. You might, for example, introduce your dog to another pup you know to be friendly and calm, and if all goes well, set up play dates. As your dog gets comfortable with his playmate, introduce him to others, gradually widening his circle of friends. Helping your dog to become more confident is a matter of careful observation, setting your dog up for success, making activities fun, and always adjusting to your dog’s comfort level. Be patient and hang in there—it will be worth it because, in the end, a confident dog is a happier dog.

SIGNS OF CANINE INSECURITY • • • • • •

One or two ears slightly or fully laid back Tail partially or fully tucked, eyes averted Head or full body turned away Yawning Lip Licking Scratching

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THE DOG GEAR LOOKBOOK

Your at-a-glance guide to the best stuff for your dog

COLLARS + HARNESSES

Italian Leather Collar, $149 forzaleather.com

Padded Leather Dog Collar, From $35 centralkentuckytackandleather.com

Saratoga Suede Collar, From $29 collarsandmore.com

Leather Collar, $90 forzaleather.com

COLLARS + HARNESSES

Laced Leather Collar, $50 hotdogsalldressed.com

Rose Gold Featured, From $48 buddy-belts.com

Mesh Harness, $10 dogline.com

Freedom No-pull Harness, From $29 2houndsdesign.com

COATS + JACKETS

Winter Paw, From $89 goldpawseries.com

Great White North, From $76 chillydogs.ca

COATS + JACKETS

Therapeutic Regular Dog Coat, From $79 backontrackproducts.com

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Screen Print Pet Hoodie, $17 miragepetproducts.com

Extreme warmer, From $88 hurttaamerica.com

MUST-HAVE GEAR

Beary Merry Christmas Sweater with bear toy, From $69 oscarnewman.com

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Original Fleece-Lined Muttluks, From $57 muttluks.ca

KRUUSE B'seen 360, From $7 kruuse247.com


The Face of Rescue in the NFL

Below: Logan & Ashley Ryan with their daughter Avery and dogs Leo the Pit Bull mix and Nala the Pug Beagle mix.

Tennessee Titans star cornerback Logan Ryan is all about rescue dogs!

L

ogan Ryan is not only a starting cornerback for the Tennessee Titans and a two-time Super Bowl Champion with the New England Patriots, he’s also a dedicated animal rescuer. In 2017, he and his wife Ashley—together they have two small children and three dogs—created a non-profit called Ryan’s Animal Rescue Foundation or RARF, for short. Both are huge animal lovers who were inspired to start their own rescue group after adopting Leo, a Pit Bull mix who was found as a stray in Boston and needed a lot of veterinary care on his road to recovery. “It all clicked once we adopted Leo,” the couple shares. “Leo started needing surgery after surgery after surgery to get him back to his normal self. We began thinking— how do families with less resources and less flexibility take care of medical needs?” The experience led to the creation of Ryan’s Animal Rescue Foundation—and the adoption of a third dog named Julius who is without eyes. Dedicated to supporting the animal community with financial and educational resources, they host monthly rescues on the 26th of each month (Ryan’s jersey is #26), pup rallies, and even had their wedding guests donate to a Caribbean rescue group in lieu of gifts. Check out their good work and how to get involved at ryananimalfoundation.org.

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BREED PROFILE

The Soft-coated Wheaten Terrier The happy and energetic Irish farm dog who’ll bounce his way into your heart. By Kelly Caldwell

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LY, FRIEND OTED DEV HAPPY, LOW(AND G!) N S H E DD I

O

ut of the Emerald Isle and into your heart, the Soft-coated Wheaten Terrier, or Wheaten for short, is yet another sturdy, joyful terrier native to Ireland. The working farms of Ireland are synonymous with smallto-medium sized plucky terriers, and the Wheaten is no exception. Bred by farmers a few hundred years ago, written records don’t exist to tell us the exact origins of the breed. But the Wheaten, along with his cousins the Kerry Blue and Irish Terriers, was bred to be sturdy, tough, and well-balanced. His purpose was multi-faceted on the farm—ratter extraordinaire, tracker of game (such as otter and badgers) both on land and in water, and of course herding and guarding sheep and cattle. It was versatile, tough work, often on tougher-still terrain. Terriers, simply put, were the preferred choice for the job. These Irish farmers and early breed fanciers also sought to create a ‘just the right size dog’—one sturdy enough for hard work but also manageable indoors as a permanent house guest of sorts. The Wheaten certainly fits the bill in every way. A regular fixture on farms for centuries, the Wheaten emerged as a distinct breed, alongside the Kerry Blue and Irish Terrier. Show and fancier interest in the Wheaten was slow to build in comparison to the others, and numbers dwindled, until a Wheaten stole the show at a terrier field trial in 1932. People took note, and a surge of interest in refining and building the breed began. The Wheaten was recognized by the Irish Kennel Club in 1937, naturally at a meeting that occurred on St. Patrick’s Day! The first known occurrence of the breed in America took place in 1946, when seven Wheaten puppies were imported. The breed gained little notoriety until the mid 1950s, and it wasn’t until 1973 that the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized

the Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier. He may have been slow to gather interest from fanciers, but those days are long past. Today, he’s a popular choice as a family companion. Today, the AKC accepts the breed in heights from 18-19 inches (males,) to 17-18 inches (females,) and in weight ranges from 35-40 pounds and 30-35 pounds According to the most recent AKC for males and females, registration statistics respectively. [1] Labrador Retriever This is a breed known for [2] German Shepherd Dog being energetic and fun[3] Golden Retriever loving. Many wonder when [4] French Bulldog their bouncy and oh-so[5] Bulldog adorable little puppies will [6] Beagle grow up, only to discover [7] Poodle that there is always a lot of [8] Rottweiler ‘puppy’ in even the most [9] Yorkshire Terrier senior of Wheatens. That [10] Pointers forever-young spirit is, to be [49] Soft Coated Wheaten sure, one of the things that Terrier fanciers absolutely adore about this breed. Deeply devoted, he’s a family dog, not suited for outdoor living. Interaction with people is important, and most likely one of the reasons he makes such a great family pet is that the Wheaten is an equal-opportunity-lover. He doesn’t just stick with one member of a household—he loves everyone. Can the Wheaten be in a home with other pets? Yes, but when it comes to cats most likely those they’re raised with—

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Size: Medium This is a sturdy breed that can weigh from 30 to 45 pounds. Activity level: Daily walks and play-time are an absolute minimum. He’ll be happiest if he can burn off steam with more vigorous exercise. Grooming: Though low-shedding, Wheatens require some brushing and combing every day to prevent matting. Heritage: Terrier A working farm dog native to Ireland, the Wheaten was bred for a versatile number of jobs, including an important role as a family companion. For information on Wheaten Terrier rescue in the U.S., visit www.scwtca.org/rescue/index.htm. In Canada, visit scwtacbc.ca/wheaten-rescue.

If you like the Soft-coated Wheaten Terrier, you might also consider the:

Irish Terrier

Kerry Blue Terrier

READ YOUR BREED

Sealyham Terrier

For more breed profiles, go to moderndogmagazine.com/breeds

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but it’s a no for rodents. They were, after all, bred to kill vermin, and that instinct remains. Game-y and athletic; fun and up-for-anything—they can be a really fun breed for those with an interest in canine sports. With all of that energy, many find a good fit for the Wheaten in activities like flyball and agility. Plenty of daily walks and play-time are an absolute minimum to keep this bouncy breed happy. Training is recommended, ideally in the early puppy stage. He’s eager to please, and happy to try new things, but there’s a catch: He’s still a Terrier. He may not be the feistiest of the group, but that trademark stubborn streak is in there, rest assured. If his independent streak is going emerge at any time, it’ll likely be during a training session when he’ll have his own ideas about what to do and how to behave. Fortunately, he’s also smart and loving, and wants to be good for his people, so he certainly can and will become a dog with excellent manners. Patience is very important, as is a gentle approach. Negative reinforcement training is never a good idea, and least of all with a sensitive soul whose heart is as soft as that glorious coat of his. Speaking of which, a word on grooming is in order. The breed’s coat distinguishes it from all other terriers. His single coat covers the entire body and is soft, silky, and slightly wavy. Soft and gentle to the touch. To keep him looking his best, regular brushing and trimming is needed. Though lowshedding, this is not a ‘wash and go’ breed—maintenance is required to keep the Wheaten matt-free and looking dapper. Friendly, loving, exuberant, devoted, good with kids… it may be that the Wheaten is hard to beat as an all-around family companion. His earliest days were spent working farms in Ireland, and, given the chance, he’ll work his way into your heart.

INSET IMAGES ©AMERICAN KENNEL CLUB, ©GORDEY

Profile: The Wheaten Terrier


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Dog Show Prep

Meet The Newbies Two newly recognized breeds will be competing for the first time at the 2019 Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show. Get to know them in advance of the main event!

T

his storied event has serious history—the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show is the second longest running sporting event in the US, after the Kentucky Derby. This year marks the 143rd annual. Tune in Monday, February 11 to see the Hound, Toy, Non-Sporting, and Herding breeds, and Tuesday, February 12 for all Sporting, Working, and Terrier breeds, plus the big attraction, Best in Show. Also taking place Monday is the super-fun Masters Obedience Championship, open to purebred and mixed breeds alike. In NYC for the Show? Here’s Where to Stay Do like many of the Westminster competitors and stay at the supremely dog-friendly Hotel Pennsylvania, located directly across the street from Madison Square Garden where Best in Show takes place. In addition to being ideally situated, you’ll likely find yourself sharing the hotel lobby and elevators with show dogs, allowing you to pet the elaborately coiffed pups and chat with the owners!

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The Nederlandse Kooikerhondje joins the Sporting group For centuries, this agile little orange-red and white dog from Holland has used his gaily waving tail to lure ducks. The Nederlandse Kooikerhondje was bred to move quietly around screens, luring ducks down a water channel to be captured in an elaborate pond trapping system called “Eendenkoo.” Amazingly, this system is still used today to catch wild ducks for banding. The Baroness von Hardenbroek von Ammerstol saved the Kooikerhondje from extinction in 1939. She gave a picture to a peddler and asked him to look out for such dogs. With his help, she located a dog named Tommie whose foundation litter was born in 1942. Today, the “Kooiker” competes in agility, obedience/rally, barn hunt, and flyball with the enthusiastic cheerfulness. They are also


143 years old, the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show is the second longest running sporting event in the US, after the Kentucky Derby. content to curl up on the sofa. The Westminster Kennel Club notes that the black feathering on the ears, called “earrings,” are highly desirable but not required.

The Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen joins the Hound group This noble breed is a rough-coated scent hound with elongated Basset structure, weighing approximately 45 to 55 pounds. Over 400 years of evolution resulted in the Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen, or the “GBGV” or “Grand,” as the breed is affectionately known. Developed from hounds at the close of the 19th century in the Vendéen region of France, today the breed is still used throughout Europe to hunt in packs, it’s quarry rabbits and wild boar. While elements of the breed’s physique may appear exaggerated, the Westminster Kennel Club prizes a free and easy gait at all paces and the breed’s independence and natural instincts. The GBGV is favoured as a hunter, companion, and friend to those willing to take the time to nurture and appreciate the characteristics that make this a unique breed.

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Connie’s Book Club Curl up with a good dog and a good book

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF CONNIE WILSON’S SELECTION OF THIS WINTER’S MUST-READS.

Saving Lucy: A Girl, a Bike, a Street Dog By Ishbel Rose Holmes When British-Iranian writer-adventurer Ishbel Rose Holmes set out to ride her bike across the world, she was alone and adrift; she certainly never expected to be anyone’s saviour. But when she comes upon a Turkish street dog being attacked by a pack of dogs, she steps into the fray, gaining a companion, who, like herself, is in need of healing. Saving Lucy is the amazing true story of their adventures together and the deep connection that forms when Lucy breaks down Ishbel’s tough exterior as the two cross the thousand miles that lead to the Syrian border.

My Patients and Other Animals: A Veterinarian’s Stories of Love, Loss, and Hope By Suzy Fincham-Gray In this intimate, eloquent memoir, veterinarian Suzy Fincham-Gray offers a window into the experiences of those who provide medical care for animals as a profession. Written with a winning combination of wit and empathy, each anecdote in this wonderful set of stories helps to convey the joy, pain, and deep sense of satisfaction that comes with being responsible for an animal’s wellbeing. Compelling narratives range from humourous to heartbreaking and in them My Patients and Other Animals conveys the profound ways pets touch our lives.

Angels on a School Bus By Dr. Roberta K. Ray Imagine happening upon a broken-down school bus that failed to make it to its destination, only to discover it packed with German Shepherds and Huskies, many of which are sick and malnourished and half of which are pregnant. Angels on a School Bus tells the amazing true story of one of the most challenging canine rescue missions in U.S. history. Prepare to be moved by how the small-town community in Butte, Montana rallies together to save the lives of hundreds of canines in this powerful testament to the commitment and compassion shown by everyday people when put to the test.

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Mutts and Mistletoe

From: Dogs on the Beach by Lara Jo Regan

Dogs on the Beach By Lara Jo Regan Lara Jo Regan’s photography showcases the California canine lifestyle of beach/sea/ sun, featuring an array of beautiful dogs in dynamic beach shots that will have you yearning for your next vacation. In capturing gorgeous dogs in stunning settings, Dogs on the Beach is an invitation to find happiness in simple pleasures.

Doggy Claus By Derek Taylor Kent Santa delivers gifts to all the human girls and boys of the world, but who delivers gifts to all the dogs? Doggy Claus is a classic holiday tale with a perfect pooch twist. Written in English and Spanish, this charming children’s book tells the story of a shelter dog named Jingle who, upon discovering that dogs go without gifts at Christmas time, decides to take matters into his own paws. On his adventure, woven through with Christmas magic, Jingle discovers that the true gifts worth giving and receiving are loving homes and caring families.

A Dog Called Jack By Ivy Pembroke The residents of Christmas Street might just need abandoned dog Jack as much as he needs them. Making himself at home in the neighbourhood, Jack fills a lot of different roles, from confidante and only friend to unofficial welcoming committee to a widower. Somehow, Jack manages to become a way for a whole neighborhood to reconnect, even playing romantic matchmaker. Told with warmth and humour, A Dog Called Jack is a warm hearted, irresistible read about an everyday dog touching people’s lives in remarkable ways.

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By Natalie Cox Recently single and temporarily homeless, Charlie seeks asylum in the only place she can: Cozy Canine Cottages, where room and board are provided in exchange for taking care of her cousin Jez’s doggy day care center. With dogs keeping her up all night, a strange man casing her cousin’s house, and a local vet who is both frustratingly patronizing and disarmingly handsome, nothing seems to be going right for this 31-year-old as Christmas approaches. Although everything seems out of control, Charlie manages to embrace the unexpected and open herself up to love through the help of her canine companions.

Fool’s Moon By Diane A.S. Stuckart Cozy readers are going to adore this pick! A bewitching blend of mystery, magic, cats, and dogs, Fool’s Moon is positively enchanting. Written with charm to spare, this quirky, compelling mystery will keep you turning the pages to see what becomes of tarot shop owner Ruby Sparks and her menagerie of special pets, including a feisty Pit Bull and sibling cats with a talent for tarot cards. Charged with divining the truth about a murder, Ruby finds herself in mortal danger—will she, with the help of her animal friends, be able to solve the mystery before she becomes the next victim? You’ll have to read it to find out!

Hero Dogs By Wilma Melville with Paul Lobo When a tragic bombing reveals that Wilma Melville’s Black Labrador possesses a previously unrecognized ability to search for buried bodies, Wilma is spurred to action. Hero Dogs is Wilma Melville’s heart wrenching, inspiring story of the unshakable bonds between humans and dogs, outlining the struggles and triumphs of her efforts to create a team of search and rescue dogs, chosen from pups languishing in shelters, to help America’s disaster-response teams. n


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Crystal Remembrance

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CUTE OVERLOAD!

LAST LICK

SNOW DAY! ade m s a i w th i s for

Blu

Let it snow, let it snow, let it snow

xxx Xxxx Kiara Faith

! S m i l e Jax

Lyla

Belle & Tucker

xxx

Calix, Bronx,Piper, Bubbles, Kach, Moby & Nova

y a a s s s!

Rikku

Bentley

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Profile for Modern Dog Magazine

Modern Dog Winter 2018  

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