September 28th, 2017

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Campus police report slow week for crime

UMN student dies in car crash

According to records, there were 3 assaults, along with The 18-year-old first year was hit by a car whose driver was other minor area crimes. going the wrong way on I-94. BY MADELINE DENINGER

Three assaults were reported near campus since Sept. 18 in an otherwise uneventful week for the University of Minnesota Police Department. A University of Minnesota student reported being assaulted Thursday night around 11:30 p.m. on 700 Washington Ave. SE. The victim reported to the Minneapolis Police Department that she was struck with an open hand by the arrestee, who was a minor also cited for violating curfew. The second suspect in the assault fled the scene. Little information regarding the second suspect is currently available. A taxi driver reported an assault to MPD officers Friday morning after engaging in an argument with a woman. The roughly 28-year-old woman reportedly kicked the taxi driver’s vehicle and then proceeded to spit in his face. Reports show the assault took place around 5:30 a.m. on University Avenue Southeast in Prospect Park. The victim refused medical attention and officers were unable to locate the suspect. Minneapolis police responded to a report of an assault at 500 Central Ave. SE on Sept. 24 around 2:30 a.m. One victim, a 21-year-old male, said he and two others were assaulted by two suspects, who left in an unknown vehicle. Two of the victims were treated by emergency medical services. “The weekend was fairly uneventful. Thankfully there was nothing more severe, such as a burglary,” said UMPD Lieutenant Chuck Miner. “The warmer weather, sometimes that affects things.”


University of Minnesota student Diana Rojas-Martinez, 18, and her

passenger Christopher Bunay, 19, were killed when Rojas-Martinez’s vehicle was struck by another driver early Tuesday morning. The Hennepin County Medical Examiner said in a press release that Martinez was driving eastbound on I-94 when her vehicle was struck around 1:34 am. The Associated Press reported that

Martinez’s vehicle was struck by a BMW, which was traveling the wrong direction on the interstate. The driver was seriously injured. Authorities suspected the 26-yearold BMW driver was intoxicated. The injuries he sustained were nonlifethreatening, KSTP reported. The accident is still under investigation.


Art and history... on the tiny side

CRIME SUMMARY HIT & RUN WHEN: 4:23 p.m. Saturday WHAT: 25-year-old victim, bodily harm but refused medical care WHERE: Franklin Ave SE & River Pk E NARCOTICS WHEN: 2:30 a.m. Friday WHAT: Narcotics possesion by 25-year-old male WHERE: 27 Ave. SE & University Ave SE DISORDERLY CONDUCT WHEN: 5:54 p.m. Tuesday WHAT: 20-year-old female reported being slapped on the buttocks WHERE: 818 Washington Ave. SE BIKE THEFTS HOW MANY: 8 CONSUMPTION BY MINOR


Camille Erickson views Larsen Husby’s exhibit ‘8 places you are right now’ on Sunday at Workhouse Coffee in St. Paul. All postcards in the exhibit show different coordinates of the location of Smallest Museum.

A tiny sidewalk museum on Raymond Avenue pushes curators to think small. BY MADDY FOLSTEIN

Pedestrians wandering near the intersection of University Avenue and Raymond Avenue in St. Paul can expect to experience more than the rush of the light rail and the traffic of the busy streets. Tucked into a 3 foot by 2 foot vintage fire hose cabinet outside of Workhorse

Coffee Bar is the Smallest Museum in St. Paul — a tribute to local history, artists and community. “In my mind, when I saw this little architectural feature … it was kind of like a Little Free Library, but I wanted to see it as a gallery, and therein began the Smallest Museum,” said Shannon Forney, founder of the Smallest Museum and business manager of Workhorse Coffee Bar. A new exhibit featuring a local artist is brought into the space on a monthly basis. Artists can apply biannually — a round of applications for Spring 2018 will close on Nov. 6.

The Smallest Museum gives artists just three rough guidelines — installations should relate to local history, encourage audience engagement and stay within a budget of $50, given that the micro-museum is exposed to the sidewalk and lacks a traditional security system. “Artists interpret [those guidelines] through a lot of different lenses,” Forney said. “It does seem like it’s the right amount of construction.” A former exhibit, for example, showcased a tiny movie theater, with a looped u See MUSEUM Page 2



As University leverages for funding, coordinate campuses lag The funds asked of the state Legislature would go to repairs for coordinate campuses. BY MICHAEL ACHTERLING

The University of Minnesota will ask state lawmakers to invest in infrastructure improvements on its satellite campuses next year. The University’s 2018 bonding proposal requests $10.5 million from the state to renovate buildings on the Duluth, Morris and Crookston

campuses. The proposal is part of a multi-year University plan to revitalize its coordinate campuses. “To attract students, [the satellite campuses] have to be up-to-date with their buildings,” said University Regent Thomas Anderson. Coordinate schools typically receive less money for repairs than the Twin Cities campus, said Rep. Jennifer Schultz, DFL-Duluth. “This is a different approach than last year. Campuses in other parts of the state will help our legislative requests when we can get more support … in greater Minnesota,” said Schultz, also a University of Minnesota - Duluth

economics professor. Necessary renovations on each campus include: heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) upgrades, sprinkler system additions, classroom and research space optimization and handicap accessibility projects. A.B. Anderson Hall on the Duluth campus is slated to receive $6.2 million for HVAC and modernization upgrades. UMD has cancelled classes at A.B. Anderson Hall in the past due to poor air conditioning during hot weather, said Stephen Keto, UMD vice chancellor for finance and operations. “It gets to be 97 degrees in the rooms,” Keto

said. “One of the things we need to do is to replace the building systems on the inside.” On the University’s Morris campus, the humanities building and Blakely Hall are scheduled to receive $4.8 million for classroom updates. “The humanities building is one of our most heavily-used general purpose classrooms on campus,” said Bryan Herrmann, vice chancellor for finance and facilities at UMM. The humanities building was constructed in the 1950s, he said, and many of the systems u See STATE FUNDING Page 3


Gordon keeps hold on campus area The Green Party city council member represents Stadium Village, SE Como, and campus. BY KELLY BUSCHE


Ward 2 Council Member Cam Gordon poses for a portrait in the City Council chambers at Minneapolis City Hall on Tuesday, Sept. 26.

Cam Gordon has used cross-party collaboration to accomplish Green Party priorities in his time on the Minneapolis City Council. Gordon, a council member representing the city’s second ward, which covers University neighborhoods Stadium Village, Prospect Park and Southeast Como, has led many movements in his 11 years on the job. Still, Gordon says there’s more work to be done — including addressing public health, anti-immigrant attitudes and environmental issues. As a current Minneapolis City

Council member running unopposed for re-election, Gordon said he continues to look for ways to impact the neighborhoods he serves. Cody Olson, executive director of Southeast Como Improvement Association, said Gordon has collaborated with the Southeast Como neighborhood on many projects. Gordon has been accessible and responsive to neighborhood concerns, Olson said. SECIA contributed to a protected bikeway project in the neighborhood because Gordon reached out. “Knowing that we have a very supportive council member of neighborhood work and the power of community is really, really valuable,” he said. Gordon said he wants Minneapolis to lead the way in public health issues. u See GORDON Page 8






Daily Review


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Thursday, September 28, 2017 Vol. 118 No. 8

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Camille Erickson views Larsen Husby’s exhibit ‘8 places you are right now’ on Sunday at Workhouse Coffee in St. Paul.


Art and history... on the tiny side Museum u from Page 1

film playing on a Samsung Galaxy phone. “He created a film that was based on an homage to the Lumière brothers, who were first attributed with creating film,” Forney said. “The film itself was of the Green Line train, and the Lumière brothers’ first film was [about a train], and that perspective of the train coming towards the screen, caused all this hysteria … He was equating it with the Green Line coming in on University Ave.” Larsen Husby, the artist behind the Smallest Museum’s September exhibit entitled “8 Places You Are Right Now — A Postcard Documentary,” found the micro-museum’s initiative closely aligned with his perspective as an artist. “A lot of my work takes

the form of maps,” Husby said. “Sometimes it’s not so literal as that … This is actually a project that I’d had in mind for a while. It just seemed really fitting for that space because they’re specifically interested in places that related to their location and their community.” Husby’s exhibit takes the form of eight postcards — each postcard is labeled with a different way to identify the location of the Smallest Museum, varying from the geographic coordinates to “The Security Building,” the historic title of the building in which Workhorse Coffee Bar is located. The postcards are printed in a variety of colors Husby drew from previous work and exploration. “I had actually been working on an entirely different project ... and in that place, I had developed a palette of colors that I had

derived from looking at road maps,” Husby said. He had originally intended to produce this idea with full-size posters, but the parameters of the Smallest Museum forced him to think within the 3 foot by 2 foot box. “The cool thing about postcards is that not only can I put them in the window box, but I can also put out the postcards for people to take away,” Husby said. While Husby’s exhibit offers visitors the option to enter the coffee shop if they wish to pick up a postcard of their own, the Smallest Museum is a separate work of public art. “It’s important that people don’t have to be a customer and don’t have to step foot inside … to truly experience what the exhibit is about,” Forney said. Other unaffiliated smallest museums do exist across the world, in telephone booths and in tiny

windows. So, while the St. Paul location benefits from its home in the fire hose cabinet and next to Workhouse Coffee Bar, Forney would love to see the idea expanded, partially because of the simplicity of enjoying such a small space. “There’s a retail business that I drive by every day, and they change their sign every week, whether they put up some funny joke … I always read it. I look forward to it,” Forney said. “Usually people don’t think about being engaged during transit … [But] it doesn’t require much of someone’s time to stand and look at this 2 foot exhibit. I don’t think there are many experiences in our lives that are this simple.” For future expansions of the Smallest Museum, Forney dreams of seeing these micro-exhibits in unexpected locations. Fans of the art installation should pay attention to places like

“The cool thing about postcards is that not only can I put them in the window box, but I can also put out the postcards for people to take away.” LARSEN HUSBY Smallest Museum artist

TCF Bank Stadium, not the Weisman Art Museum, Forney said. “There’s this [love for] surprise and unassumingness that is born out of my artistic roots,” Forney said. “If Smallest Museums were to appear anywhere, wouldn’t it be great to see them appear at gas stations, or at sports facilities, not just libraries or art museums?”

MSA subcommittee considering dining vendors MSA looks ahead; the current dining vendor’s contract expires in 2020. BY MAX CHAO

With a potential change in the dining halls’ food supplier, a new Minnesota Student Association subcommittee is tasked with considering student needs. The MSA dining subcommittee, which first met on Sept. 14, is set to write a report detailing their hopes for campus dining. The current vendor’s contract expires in 2020 and the University must decide on whether it will be looking at other vendors by 2018-19, said Will Macheel, co-director of the subcommittee. The group will be w o rk i n g o n t h e r e p o r t until November, when a food-focused MSA forum will be held. Suggestions from that forum will be used to finish the report, and they plan to have the report finalized and filed to administration by the

winter, Macheel said. M S A a n d A r a m a rk have butted heads in the past, including MSA c a l l i n g f o r A r a m a rk ’ s accountability for nutrition and business practice in 2016, according to past Minnesota Daily coverage. Despite this, the subcommittee is not advocating for or against a change of vendor, said James Farnsworth, co-director of the subcommittee. “Think of [the report] as, ‘This is what an ideal scenario for campus dining looks like on the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities campus,’” he said. “It’s taking a holistic look at all of the different aspects of campus dining.” A ro u n d 2 0 s t u d e n t s are in the subcommittee. Most of those members come from outside MSA, such as campus advocacy groups, Greek life, religious groups and unaffiliated students — a unique feature for an MSA-run committee, Farnsworth said. “We’re pretty pleased with how many people have been interested in

MSA meets for their first forum of the year in Fraser Hall on Sept. 19.

this dining subcommittee, given that it’s such an important issue to students,” Macheel said. The committee is separated into three subgroups researching nutrition, sustainability and other Big Ten schools. “This subcommittee is a great opportunity for us to make a positive change on campus,” said Elayna Shapiro, subcom-

mittee member and president of U Students Like Good Food, a campus group which advocates for healthy, sustainable food. MSA has been told their suggestions will be taken seriously by administration, Farnsworth said. “We wouldn’t be doing this if we didn’t have confidence in the process that we have laid out,” he said.


“This subcommittee is a great opportunity for us to make a positive change on campus.” ELAYNA SHAPIRO Subcommittee member



EDITORIAL BOARD Anant Naik Editorials & Opinions Editor Aleezeh Hasan Editorial Board Member Ray Weishan Editorial Board Member Mike Hendrickson Editor-in-Chief BUSINESS Genevieve Locke Sales Manager The Minnesota Daily strives for complete accuracy and corrects its errors immediately. Corrections and clarifications will always be printed in this space. If you believe the Daily has printed a factual error, please call the readers’ representative at (612) 627–4070, extension 3057, or email immediately. THE MINNESOTA DAILY is a legally independent nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization and is a student-written and student-managed newspaper for the University of Minnesota’s Twin Cities campus. The Daily’s mission is: 1) to provide coverage of news and events affecting the University community; 2) to provide a forum for the communication and exchange of ideas for the University community; 3) to provide educational training and experience to University students in all areas of newspaper operations; and 4) to operate a fiscally responsible organization to ensure its ability to serve the University in the future. The Daily is a member of the Minnesota News Council, the Minnesota Associated Press, the Associated Collegiate Press, The Minnesota Newspaper Association and other organizations. The Daily is published Monday and Thursday during the regular school year and weekly during the summer, and it is printed by ECM Publishers in Princeton, Minn. Midwest News Service distributes the 13,000 issues daily. All Minnesota Daily inserts are recyclable within the University of Minnesota program and are at least 6 percent consumer waste. U.S. Postal Service: 351–480.

Thursday, September 28, 2017


Grad school track hopes to add diversity The new program partners with the Minnesota Historical Society. JONATHAN DU

A new University of Minnesota graduate program aims to make museums more representative by educating students about inclusivity. Through the College of Design’s Masters in Heritage Studies and Public History, graduate students will complete diversity-focused courses and internships to prepare them for careers like policy planning and museum work. “If you look at the surveying that’s been done in history museums and archaeological firms and the public history field in large … there is not enough of diversity. These fields are predominantly white,” said Kevin Murphy, a history professor who helped organize the program. Students can choose one of three tracks within the 2-year degree: historic preservation, archaeological heritage or public history. The classes focus on archival research, constructing historical projects and using digital technologies to learn about the past, Murphy said. A partnership with the Minnesota Historical Society also means students can gain hands-on experience through internships at MHS as well


Melanie A. Adams from the Minnesota Historical Society talks with students who are part of a new interdisciplinary graduate program at Northrop Auditorium on East Bank on Monday, Sept. 25.

as a number of smaller museums and community organizations. “They want a group of creative workers … thinking about certain perspectives that oftentimes are not pri-

oritized,” Murphy said of the partner organizations. One of the program’s major goals is moving beyond the dominant culture in the U.S. and using historical information to “add to contem-

porary conversations around social issues,” said Chris Taylor, program co-organizer and director of inclusion and community engagement at MHS. Additionally, some schol-

ars, like University professor and program co-organizer Katherine Hayes, hope the program will encourage a more diverse group of scholars to pursue heritage studies.

“We’re trying to facilitate access for people to get into this field who otherwise would choose not to go into the heritage field, and that’s deeply satisfying,” Hayes said.

Companies seeking ‘authenticity’ hire UMN students More students are becoming brand ambassadors to boost their resumes. BY LUC MAINGUY Google, HBO, Bizzy Coffee and ACR Homes are just a few of the companies recruiting students to market their products on college campuses. Drawn by the allure of big names on their resume, more University of Minnesota students are choosing to be brand ambassadors. Companies hope that a student campus ambassador will bring authenticity to their marketing process, said

State funding u from Page 1

need improvements. Blakely Hall would undergo renovations to make the building more handicap accessible if the proposal gains state approval, Herrmann said. On the University’s Crookston campus, Dowell Hall and Owen Hall would receive $4.8 million in funding. These funds will be used to improve existing structures to meet demand for

Chris Nyland, vice president of brand partnerships at The Campus Agency, an advertising firm specializing in marketing to college students. “In today’s day and age with social media marketing and influencer marketing, consumers, especially college consumers, are really starting to see through [it],” Nyland said. The two most recent generations grew up in an era where they were steeped in marketing, and personal connection is vital to breaking through, he said. “Because of all the different types of marketing and distractions that college students face in their everyday life, having that peer-topeer marketing is still king,”

Nyland said. “A college student will listen to their peer if they’re talking in a positive way and promoting something.” Students generally seemed to agree with this sentiment, though some felt their advertising efforts were ignored. “I feel it’s much more relatable to have student ambassadors. It actually feels real,” said Bri Flasch, employed by The Campus Agency to advertise Google’s new Allo group messaging app. She explained that the authenticity stemmed from ambassadors being, in Nyland’s words, “natural fans” of the product. “People wouldn’t be

research space. Andrew Svec, director of communications and PR marketing for UMC, said Crookston used to be a twoyear institution. As more faculty transitioned into the now four-year program, demand for research space has spiked. “As we’ve been replacing faculty who have retired, the incoming faculty have a much greater capacity, and experience for researching,” Svec said. The “Greater Minnesota Academic Renewal” proposal

will also be requested in 2020 and 2022, asking for $16 million in each of the two years for additional coordinate campus renovations. “It’s vital for the University to address the asset preservation aspect of all the buildings we own,” Schultz said. Routine maintenance will mitigate repair delays and cut costs, she said. University of Minnesota regents will vote on the proposed 2018 state capital request during their Oct. 12 meeting.

Boynton gears up for flu season with vaccine clinics Clinics will be set up at 15 different locations across the U campuses. BY SALLY SAMAHA

With flu season looming, the University of Minnesota’sBoynton Health is setting up flu clinics across campus. The clinics, in 15 different locations on the Minneapolis and St. Paul campuses, will provide vaccinations for the University community until the first week of December. Experts say the shot is key, not only to keep recipients healthy, but also to protect more susceptible individuals from the illness. “It’s great not to get influenza. You also help keep other people healthy, particularly other people that are vulnerable. It’s not just protective for you, it helps protect other people. And so that’s why we

do it: for the herd, so to speak,” said Dave Golden, Director of Public Health and Communications at Boynton Health. Signups are available on Boynton’s website. Plus, all clinics welcome walk-ins, and wait times for those without appointments usually don’t exceed 10 minutes, said Lesley Gray, the public health nursing supervisor at Boynton Health. The immunizations — paid for by student services fees and funds from the staff and faculty employee benefit fund — are free to students, faculty, staff, retired employees and their dependents, Golden said. About 60 percent of students on campus have had their flu shot in the last 12 months, Golden said. While some worry about a preservative called thimerosal, those receiving the shot at a University clinic shouldn’t be concerned, he said. Thimerosal hasn’t been shown to cause any negative

health effects other than minor reactions, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “There’s none of that in our immunizations. These are all pre-loaded syringes that don’t get opened until we actually are going to give the injection,” he said. Some members of the University community say they rely on Boynton flu shot clinics for their convenience. “It’s convenient and it’s quick,” said Karen CarmodyMcIntosh, a University library communications associate. “I feel like if there’s a way that I can keep myself healthy and help keep other people who are vulnerable healthy, I’m all for that.” Boynton will be having a pop-up flu vaccine clinic for the first time at Northrop Plaza on Thursday. “We try to bring the clinics to people as much as possible,” said Golden. It’s really quick and you even get a Tootsie Pop at the end.”

student ambassadors if they didn’t really endorse the product,” Flasch said. However, not all ambassadors feel the messages are entirely genuine. Zach Simon, a former University student, said some brand ambassadors tag their marketing posts with “#ad.” Simon said he understood the need to disclose his intentions when advertising, but he still enjoyed the experience. “At a bare bones level … I’d rather not be the mouthpiece of a brand because I’m not getting a lot out of it,” he said. “But you can have fun with it and still accomplish the goals [of the ambassador program].” Elise Hartwig, another

The Campus Agency brand ambassador advertising for Google, felt that promoting brands wasn’t much different from promoting clubs or her sorority. She said she enjoyed not having to work at a desk and that the position had provided a notable resume boost. “Ever since I changed my status on my LinkedIn, I’ve had numerous amounts of people reach out to me wanting to connect and congratulating me on the job,” Hartwig said. Simon graduated last year, and now works at a local advertising firm. “The nice thing about it is that it was so flexible. You can do way less than a campus job or an internship

or something and get pretty decent experience if you put a lot into it,” he said. In retrospect, Simon said he found the job valuable as a stepping stone in his career, rather than for pay or experience. “It’s the ultimate grunt position,” Simon said jokingly. When asked how he thought a corporate presence affects campus, he said he felt that many tune out most types of advertising. “I feel like having corporate-sponsored events and corporate-sponsored entities on campus is nothing new, I mean we have Coca-Cola [branding] everywhere,” he said. “People just kind of notice it less.”





Communicating ‘otherness’ through art

Saeide Mirzaei stands beside her oil paintings exploring the experiences of immigrant women in the U.S. on the garden level of Appleby Hall on Sept. 20. EASTON GREEN, DAILY

Saeide Mirzaei reflects on being an immigrant in her paintings, shown now in Appleby gallery. BY KATE DRAKULIC


Saeide Mirzaei poses for a portrait on Sept. 20. She recently debuted her oil paintings exploring the experiences of immigrant women in the U.S. in Appleby Hall.

Curated by the University of Minnesota’s Women’s Center, the Appleby Hall Art (AHA!) Gallery recently installed “Other,” by artist and University English Ph.D. candidate, Saeide Mirzaei. “Other,” consists of six vibrant oil paintings on stretched canvas. Varying in size, some include nature or local city landscapes, and each includes a female figure, often portrayed in traditional Iranian dress. “I’ve been painting mostly about my own experiences as an immigrant woman here,” Mirzaei said, who grew up in Iran. “But I hope that some of these experiences are at least, to some extent, shared with other women who are going

through similar things.” Mirzaei recalls always having an interest in drawing, specifically drawing people. She received constant encouragement from her mother. “Growing up, my mom was my art critic and writing critic, and she was my biggest fan,” Mirzaei said. Her father, however, was not as supportive. Mirzaei said it was partially because of his Islamic beliefs and partially because he simply thought art was a waste of time. She remembered hiding in corners to keep drawing, out of sight from the disapproval of her father and family. “My aunt, for example, viewed [drawing people] as meddling in God’s work,” Mirzaei said. It wasn’t until college that Mirzaei began to experiment and expand her medium from graphite and colored pencil to oil paints. She is entirely selftaught. Today, Mirzaei’s works encompass a feeling of

otherness. It began when she came to Alabama to receive her MFA in creative writing nearly six years ago. Amid a huge culture shock, Mirzaei recorded her feelings in writing. She wrote about her cultural experiences and compared and contrasted the experiences of being a woman in the U.S. and in Iran. Some of her written works were published, but even with an extensive background in immigration history and policy, and in legal and political discourse, she found that a few of her feelings and experiences were more difficult than others to accurately communicate. “When you keep reading about that and thinking about that and writing about that, sometimes there are things that are hard to express with words,” Mirzaei said. “They come more easily in the form of colors and shapes, and those were the times that I painted about what I found hard to express in writing.”

M i r z a e i w o rk e d o n “Other,” during the three years she’s lived in Minnesota. The first painting she made for the collection is a portrait of a girl in traditional North Iranian clothes, dancing on a floating piece of ice in the middle of a frozen landscape. The girl wears a soft smile, and her long dark hair, which strongly resembles Mirzaei’s own, cascades behind her. “The majority of people, no matter how nice they are, they unintentionally and unconsciously constantly remind you of your otherness,” Mirzaei said. “I’m not saying that they’re malicious or they have bad intentions, but especially in social contexts, you always realize that you’re the other … which is a little painful.” The work will be on display through the semester, along with a guest book where visitors can leave comments for Mirzaei. It currently reads, “Beautiful, ethereal, powerful. Thank you for sharing this work!”


Moon Hooch: Uncontrolled Substance Moon Hooch is bringing the dance jam to Minneapolis this Saturday. BY HALEY BENNETT

Made up of two saxophonists, Mike Wilbur and Wenzl McGowen, and one drummer, James Muschler, Moon Hooch’s sound neither mimics popular music nor echoes the past. It’s of its own category: part electrifying dance music, part experimental mania. “It’s reminiscent of Béla Bartók and Charles Ives kinda vibes, improvised contemporary classical music,” Wilbur said. Essentially, they play electronic music on jazz instruments. It’s … eclectric. Although Wilbur, McGowen and Muschler all studied jazz at The New School in New York City, they met busking in Washington Square Park. “Mike was there with another drummer,” Muschler said. “He sat in [with us] and our sound was a lot more coherent all of a sudden. With one melodic instrument playing bass and melody, it’s limited, but add another and it makes the music come alive.” Reputable jazz school by day, buskers by … well, also day. And night. (You know col-

lege students don’t sleep.) “The busking was feeding the posh New York music school. I wouldn’t have been able to stay in college otherwise. But I dropped out anyway, because for one, it was way too expensive, and because Mike Doughty [of Soul Coughing] asked us to go on tour with him,” Wilbur said. “That kinda kicked off our career. When we got back from tour, we went back to the subway because we didn’t want to get real jobs.” Muschler is the only one of the three who graduated college. He admits this has its limitations, though. “I don’t think there’s anything you can do with a jazz performance degree.” They’d like people to listen to their music in a “giant dance club with an incredibly nice sound system,” Wilbur said. “Location doesn’t really matter outside of that.” “And live,” Muschler said. How did they emerge with such a distinctive style amid pressure as contemporary jazz players either to hark back to a groovier era, or to forgo formal composition altogether in preference of digitally-generated sugar pop? “You’re influenced by your environment, by the ideas present in your environment, people and the way they act,” Wilbur said. “Living in NYC,


Gunthar Reising

the cacophony of screams and laughter, so many sounds. I see a lot of similarities in the way I play with New York. I tend to play with constant sound.” They trust the creative inspiration of the unconscious, too. “I don’t think about it too much. I try not to think about anything too much,” Wilbur said. “With art especially, if you think about it too much, it can become contrived. But I do think that playing instrumental music accesses a different part of the listener’s psyche than lyrical music. It’s more feeling-based than thoughtbased; it touches a more primal part of the human spirit.” Wonder what Freud would say about that. “It’s like an abstract painting,” Wilbur said. “Who can really say what the meaning behind the vibration is?” That’s cool. But it doesn’t explain how their music could be so different from other contemporary jazz musicians. “I listen to such a breadth of music types that it’s hard to pinpoint exact influences,” Wilbur said. “I think if you’re open, everything can be an influence.” Artists he names who’ve made a prolonged impact on him are John Coltrane, Joanna Newsom, Morton Feldman and John Cage. “I listen to a lot of Indian classical music,” Muschler

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said. “And Morton Feldman.” Whatever the catalyst for their so-called cave music, Moon Hooch enjoys their artistic process. “I really appreciate my past self, which is why I like recording,” Wilbur said. “Often I’ll listen back and learn from those ideas, try to incorporate them again. I think it’s important for artists to do that.” “If we’re composing together, we usually write as we play,” Muschler said. “Otherwise one of us writes a song and brings it to the table to be

modified. I mean, we all have different tastes, so sometimes ideas get shut down … but that can be exciting. The music ends up sounding different than you thought it would.” Wilbur and Muschler agree that the internet bolstered their popularity. By the end of the year, they’ll have finished five separate tours throughout Europe. “Without the internet, we definitely wouldn’t be as successful as we are,” Muschler said. In their NPR Tiny Desk

Concert, McGowen’s got a traffic cone sticking out of his sax. Why? “Longer the tube, lower the pitch,” Wilbur said. “It drops the pitch — makes it a bass instrument. We stole it from some city.” Gimmicky? Maybe. Original? Definitely. “It’s anthropocentric to think that sound needs to be human,” Wilbur said, “rather than just observing it humbly.” Moon Hooch will perform at the Fine Line Music Cafe this Saturday.

4. LCD Soundsystem, Change Yr Mind 5. Madeline Kenney, Always 6. Alvvays, Lollipop (Ode to Jim) 7. Daniel Caesar, Transform (feat. Charlotte Day Wilson)








Wide receiver Demetrius Douglas runs with the ball against Middle Tennessee on Sept. 16 at TCF Bank Stadium.

Wide receiving core looking for improvements The team is ranked second to last in passing yards in the Big Ten so far. BY JACK WARRICK The Gophers have relied on the ground game to stay undefeated through three nonconference games this year. But what about the passing game? The Gophers currently rank second-to-last in the Big Ten in terms of passing yards per game with an average of 173. Rutgers (1-3) is the only team with less, with 164 average yards per game. The best receiving team in the Big Ten is Ohio State (41) with 319 yards and three receiving touchdowns per game. “My confidence level is we have what we have and I believe in the guys we put on the field to be able to do that job, but a lot of the guys we put on that field haven’t had the game experience to prove it yet,” said head coach P.J. Fleck. “We’re going to run our offense.” Underclassmen play a big part of the receiving core, as the depth chart lists four of six receivers as underclassmen. The two leading receivers, Tyler Johnson and Demetrius Douglas, are also underclassmen. “You’re not just going to be the best wideout in the country the first rep you take,” Fleck said. “We’ve got to speed that up for these players and that’s why you’re going to start to see this youth movement of all these guys coming in inexperienced.” Gophers sophomore wide receiver Tyler Johnson has been quarterback Conor

Rhoda’s favorite target, and is the fifth leading receiver in the Big Ten with 282 yards in three games. However, he was shut down last game with just 14 yards on two catches. “I feel like a lot of guys are going to start targeting him… they should be with the big numbers he’s put up,” Carter said. “He’s been getting open, and they’ve been working him.” Demetrius Douglas, a true freshman, was recruited as the No. 2 cornerback in Oregon out of high school but has adapted to play wide receiver, and has the second most receiving yards on the team with 83. Redshirt senior Eric Carter has played in 32 games with the Gophers and racked up 384 yards and a touchdown in his career. He came into the program wearing a redshirt along with Rhoda in the 2013 season. “We’ve been here for five years now and I feel like I can throw [Carter] the ball with my eyes closed,” Rhoda said. The two most experienced wide receivers on the team have less than 100 yards combined this season. Carter has one catch and 23 yards this season and Junior Rashad Still has no catches on the season. “I’m the oldest one in there,” said redshirt senior Eric Carter. “They’re a very young group but one thing is, the way that they work, and the way that they do things on and off the field — it’s a very mature group of guys.” Still was suspended last week, but Fleck said he’s ready to go this time around. “If you do the right things you’ll be on the football field,” Fleck said. “He’ll be back this week.”


Junior defensive back Jacob Huff runs in for a touchdown against Middle Tennessee on Sept. 16 at TCF Bank Stadium.

Jacob Huff stands out on Minnesota pass defense Huff intercepted a pass and returned it for a touchdown in game against MTSU. BY DREW COVE Minnesota’s defensive back core is proving to be deeper than expected this season. Safety Jacob Huff has shown improvement from last season, especially against Middle Tennessee State. Huff is coming off a game where he was named Big Ten Defensive Player of the week for his performance against the Blue Raiders. “I still saw the excitement he had on his [face],” said defensive lineman Steven Richardson. “He wasn’t really selfish about it, he came right back and celebrated with the team.” He recorded an interception that he returned for 67 yards, four tackles, one tackle for loss and one pass breakup. His interception return marked the first time Minnesota’s defensive unit scored points all season. Still, his impact on the defense is no accident. “It’s no coincidence a guy like Jacob Huff is having

a phenomenal first three games,” said head coach P.J. Fleck. “He didn’t play much at all last year, and when all of the sudden you start to see him make the plays he’s making, it’s just a direct reflection of all the right things he’s doing off the field.” When coming to Minnesota from his hometown of Bolingbrook, Illinois, he didn’t pack lightly. He and his identical twin-brother Julian made the trip, and they’re both playing for the Gophers. Jacob Huff came out of Bolingbrook High School not only playing football, but playing and lettering in baseball and wrestling as well. The Huff family is full of football players, with Jacob Huff being a defensive back, Julian Huff a linebacker and one of their other brothers is a running back at St. Cloud State. “Both of those guys [Jacob and Julian] are respected players within our program,” said defensive coordinator Robb Smith. “They have a great relationship with each other. They’re leaders, not only on the field, but off the field, whether it’s in the classroom, spiritually, whatever it is those guys are always doing the right thing.” Julian has had a lot of


VS MINNESOTA 3-0 WHEN: 11 a.m. Saturday


success at linebacker in his first two years at Minnesota, including three fumble recoveries and 52 tackles over that time. Jacob is coming into his own as a member of the Gophers’ secondary, already over doubling his tackle numbers from his first two seasons. This season, Huff already has two interceptions, one returned for a touchdown, eight tackles and one tackle-for-loss. “[Huff] has provided great leadership for us on the back end,” Smith said. “He directs a lot of traffic back there, he’s a smart player [and he] always finds himself in the right place.” While he is making more of an impact, he is listed behind both safeties Antoine Winfield Jr. and Duke McGhee on the depth chart. Huff will get another

chance to thrive in the Gophers defensive plan this weekend versus Maryland, as the Terrapins are down two quarterbacks since their season started three games ago.

“I still saw the excitement he had on his [face],” said defensive lineman Steven Richardson. “He wasn’t really selfish about it, he came right back and celebrated with the team.” STEVEN RICHARDSON Defensive lineman


Julianna Gernes becomes scoring threat in role as substitute player The senior ranks second on the team in goals, and she has three starts. BY ERIK NELSON Forward Julianna Gernes has played in all 10 of Minnesota’s matches this season, but she has started in only three of them. Even in the role as a substitute, Gernes ranks second on the team in goals with five. The senior said her success coming off the bench comes from paying close attention to the action. “It’s part of reading the game and understanding

“I know she’s going to make a run. She’s going to call for it. If I play her the ball, I know she’ll get there and do something great with it.” MOLLY FIELDER Midfielder


VS RUTGERS 8-0-2, 2-0-1 BIG TEN

MINNESOTA 5-2-3, 1-1-1 BIG TEN WHEN: 7 p.m. Friday

WHERE: Yurcak Field Piscataway

VS MINNESOTA 5-2-3, 1-1-1 BIG TEN WHEN: 12 p.m Sunday

MARYLAND 7-2-1, 1-2-0 BIG TEN WHERE: Ludwig Field College Park


what’s going on, watching what the starters are doing and being able to see space and see where the other team has weaknesses,” Gernes said. Gernes has scored three times in the last two matches, including a goahead goal against Michigan on Sept. 21 when she received the ball in the box off a backheel pass, and rocketed a shot past the goalkeeper. Head coach Stefanie Golan said Gernes has been effective offensively and does a good job monitoring opponents. “As we put her into a

game, we talk to her about the different things that she can bring to each game,” Golan said. “Depending on what we’re seeing, to turn the tide and continue to put pressure on.” In her sophomore season, Gernes scored just two goals in 17 matches played. She won the team’s m o s t - i m p ro v e d p l a y e r award when she scored six goals in 23 matches played the following season. Gernes said she looks up to three of Minnesota’s starting forwards, including Sydney Squires.


Senior forward Julianna Gernes dribbles up the field on Nov. 4, 2016 at Elizabeth Lyle Robbie Stadium.

However, she was also inspired by two former Gophers — Simone Kolander and Josee Stiever. Both Kolander and Stiever play professional soccer overseas now. “It was really cool watching [Stiever and Kolander] because they were awesome attacking players,” Gernes said. “They’re professional [players], now. I got to play under them

and learn from them.” Midfielder Molly Fiedler said she formed a connection with Gernes and understands her tendencies. “I know she’s going to make a run. She’s going to call for it,” Fiedler said. “If I play her the ball, I know she’ll get there and do something great with it.” The team averaged 2.1 goals per match last year, and this year, they

have topped that margin so far with 2.5 goals per match. Golan said she is lucky to have Gernes come off the bench when she needs her. “You need people who are going to come off the bench and raise the level,” Golan said. “To have somebody who can actually step it up and be dangerous the way that she’s been able to do is a huge asset.”




Editorial & Opinions



A way forward in the MPLS housing market

Policing statistics promising, yet issues arise

Taxing luxury apartments to preserve affordable housing would preserve our communities.


uxury apartments are rising near the University of Minnesota. The Hub on Washington Avenue is slowly gaining its outer sci-fi shell, day by day. A 25-story tower behind the JONATHAN ABABIY Pillsbury Mill will columnist potentially go up in Marcy-Holmes. These apartments are financially out of reach to many, so community groups have long tried to persuade builders to include affordable units. The Minnesota Student Association is currently trying to persuade the developer of the Marcy Holmes tower to add some affordable units to the building. The MSA should be applauded for its efforts, but what the University community and city of Minneapolis as a whole needs is action from the city. Begging developers to add affordable units will not solve the large gap between the ever growing demand and dwindling supply of affordable rentals. Many living in sustainable housing have found themselves the subject of rent hikes or evictions because their landlord wants to offer their apartment at a higher rate.

Much of the naturally occurring affordable housing is a little run down, but the market is so juicy right now that landlords will force their residents out. Doing so would allow the landlord to lightly renovate the apartment and offer it again at a much higher, nonaffordable rate. In this way, many in Minneapolis have lost their homes and have had their community gentrified. If all the affordable housing in Minneapolis is a cup full of water, then the cup is leaking in front of a dehydrated audience. However, the luxury-tax-financed fund could be able to buy sites where affordable housing exists and residents are at risk of a rent hike. In Richfield, 422 units were saved when the city stepped in and purchased an affordable apartment building that was going to go for sale. Had a private developer stepped in, the Richfield apartments would have gone for much more. This fund will soon be used in the University area. The Lego-like Bunge tower in Southeast Como will be converted into a 150-unit affordable apartment complex. As the Minnesota Daily has reported, a housing nonprofit financed by the city’s housing fund will start construction near 2018. Como’s historic landmark will be preserved, and its housing needs will be addressed. The building won’t be for undergraduate students, but it will ease some of the competition over housing between students and nonstudents in Como. Expanding the city’s fund through sales taxes on luxury units would make sure that the historical and affordable nature

Housing in Minneapolis has been on a swing between historical preservation and economic development. Through the luxuary tax, the city could trek the middle course and provide housing for people of all income levels. of Minneapolis will be preserved. With the tax, developers could build their luxury “____-Haus” in whatever way they wanted, even without affordable units, and the city could use the boosted fund to create more targeted housing in areas that need it most. Fundamentally, the city is facing a supply shortage of both affordable and high-end units. Building luxury apartments and affordable housing addresses both sides of the supply shortage. Housing in Minneapolis has been on a swing between historical preservation or pure economic development. Through the luxury tax, the city could trek the middle course and provide housing for people of all income levels. Cities and denser living is the future of America. Minneapolis’ housing policies should make sure there is a home for everyone in that future. Jonathan Ababiy welcomes comments at


Total gun-related incidents: 45,893 Total number of deaths: 11,411 Total number of mass shootings: 269 Data compiled by

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR ‘Food Evolution’ masks important issues in agriculture As a University of Minnesota graduate student in the Applied Plant Sciences program, I am writing to pass along some information about a film you may be considering reviewing or covering, “Food Evolution.” It is scheduled to be shown on Sept. 26 and 28 on the St. Paul and Minneapolis campuses. While I would never dissuade you, nor anyone else at the Minnesota Daily from reporting on “Food Evolution,” I urge you to look into the controversy surrounding the film, which purports to present an unbiased, “evidence-based” assessment of the debate over genetically modified (GM) foods but does nothing of the sort. Back in June, several students, faculty and staff from agronomy, ecology, geography and international development programs around the nation co-authored a sign-on letter to call attention to gaps in the film. These include, but are not limited to, no discussion of human or environmental health risks from pesticides like glyphosate (considered a probable carcinogen by the WHO) and dicamba (responsible for 3.1 million acres of soybeans lost in 16 US states), no mention of monoculture production associ-

While I would never dissuade you, nor anyone else at the Minnesota Daily from reporting on “Food Evolution,” I urge you to look into the controversy surrounding the film. ated with GMOs and silence on how such agriculture has well-known adverse impacts on biodiversity, river systems, climate change, ocean health and the health of farmworkers and rural communities. While all around we hear of corporate consolidation of MonsantoBayer, Dow-Dupont, and Syngenta-ChemChina, the film paid no heed to patents or intellectual property. Evidence shows that the growth of patents, GM technologies and corporate consolidation has gone hand-in-hand the past 20 years. Yet scientists who point these things out — and there are many of us — often get labeled anti-science, as if an irrational fear of GM foods motivates our concern. That was the main point of our letter, which we circulated among our colleagues. In the process, we learned that scholars including Michael Pollan and Marion Nestle — prominently featured in the film — were upset with their how their on-screen statements are taken out of context. Nestle has since come out publicly, denouncing the film and asking that her clip be removed. We understand that in your position as film reviewers and reporters of events on campus, it is impossible to know what was edited out, whose perspectives were purposefully excluded or what may have been missing from the narrative altogether. Speaking on behalf of my colleagues, we will just say that good science is more complex and scientifically grounded than this film. It is in that spirit that we preemptively contact you to offer this background. This letter has been lightly edited forgrammar and style. Alexander Liebman is a University of Minnesota graduate student in the Applied Plant Sciences program.

Robert McGrady welcomes comments at


Exposing falsities on immigration How and why immigrants are helping reduce crime rates.


tudents of all ages bemoan the usefulness of coursework in school, critical of whether or not what they learn will apply to “real life.” This is why my ears perked up in SOC 4141H: Juvenile DelinKATE MCCARTHY quency, when my procolumnist fessor mentioned the negative correlation between immigration and crime rates. During the reverberation of the DACA repeal and increasingly brewing anti-immigrant sentiment, a sociological argument for immigrants (and their positive impact on the country) was welcome. Normally, if I were to address issues of immigration in a column, I would hurtle at it from an emotional, anecdotal, social justice-motivated angle. But this is an instance where I’ll call upon stats and facts. Across the board, it’s widely held that on average, immigrants commit fewer crimes than native-born Americans. For example, Mexican-born immigrant males aged 18-39 without a high school diploma had a lower incarceration rate in 2010 than all native-born males of the same age group, according to the American Immigration Council. That is 1.6 percent of immigrant males incarcerated compared to 3.3 percent of nativeborn. If we are talking sociologically, why is this? Let us go over some of the points made in my sociology class. For one, if someone is new to a country, and worked hard to get there, they aren’t arriving only to jeopardize it. Interestingly, second generation children of immigrants are actually more likely to act criminally than their parents, “because the children of immigrants lose the cultural and social attributes that buffered their parents from criminal offending…”, accord-

“For one, if someone is new to a country, and worked get there, they aren’t arriving only to jeopardize it.”

The people who have risked everything and uprooted their lives, for one reason or another, to move to the US are not aimless riff raff come to loot the streets that some political leaders would like us to think. ing to a report by the Sentencing Project. The report goes on to pinpoint strong familial ties, political participation, orientation to the justice system and economic impact as reasons that immigrants help lower crime rates. Immigrant youth are less cynical about the law and see negative involvement with it as having greater consequences than the nativeborn population. Criminal justice interaction could interfere with their immigration status, and they’ve often deliberately come to the U.S. expressly for safety and better opportunities, so caution is necessary. In recent decades, an influx of immigrants has occurred jointly with a drop in reported crime rates. In 1990, the reported violent crime rate was 730 offenses per 100,000 residents. In 2014, it was halved at 362 offenses per 100,000 residents. Being introduced into a new society and seeing opportunities for economic or political representation inspires a desire to integrate and succeed. The people who have risked everything and uprooted their lives, for one reason or another, to move to the US are not the aimless riff raff come to loot the streets that some political leaders would like us to think. Many that make it here are the people that are motivated to do good—28.5 percent of new entrepreneurs in 2014 were immigrants. So the next time you’re confronted with generic anti-immigrant vitriol, call your adversary’s attention to some facts they might have overlooked. Immigrants do indeed make this country great — just check out the numbers. Kate McCarthy welcomes comments at


very fall, the campus at the University of Minnesota swells to the size of a small city as students pour into the campus from all over the world. This evidently leads to a higher volume of crime as the number of victims for perpetrators increases. Students should always feel safe in learning spaces, and statistics show that compared to other similar Big Ten campuses, the University is a relatively safe campus. Compared to the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and Michigan State University, the University of MinnesotaTwin Cities has a lower rate of rape, burglary and Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) offenses, according to 2015 U.S. Department of Education (DOE) statistics. The University boasts the lowest rate of VAWA and rape offenses and the second lowest rate of burglary offenses. This is especially significant when considering the other three universities are similar in enrollment and are Big Ten schools in the Midwest. The University of Minnesota also has the largest enrollment of the three, meaning that the UMPD is managing these specific crimes well, regardless of a larger population. However, there is an alarming statistic in the data. The robbery rate on campus is more than twice as large as the campus with the next-highest rate, which is the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Although the statistics from the DOE are two years old, UMPD reports that the robbery numbers for the year through August are much higher than any other reported crime, at 261 cases reported in 2017. This may speak to the low rate of other reported crimes, however, robberies are currently up 4.6 percent from 2016. When students arrive on campus in the fall, crime rates increase. UMPD Lt. Chuck Miner said the police force prioritizes overtime hours for officers, doubling down with more officers patrolling during high crime hours. This may help, however, an even bigger emphasis on extra patrols may help decrease robbery rates that plague the University. The current overall crime rate remains relatively stagnant from 2016 to 2017. The UMPD, hopefully, can solve these problems with the ensuing school year. The UMPD, again, is keeping campus relatively safe, accomplishing this while using conventional means. In 2015, former President Barack Obama passed Executive Order 13688, prohibiting local police forces from using military equipment. Complying with this EO, the UMPD rid the department of all military grade equipment, which was mostly rifles. President Donald Trump, in August, passed a new executive order rescinding EO 13688. It’s important to know that despite the rescission, the UMPD has not gained any new military grade equipment and does not plan to. With the rate of crime relatively low and the UMPD managing most crime on campus effectively, military equipment should not be needed. We implore the UMPD to keep sticking by the standard currently in place and applaud their policing without the use of such equipment. Hopefully, with further review of staff hours, shift rotations, patrol routes and the coming of the new school year, the UMPD can limit robberies and other crimes, making campus safer and giving students more peace of mind.

CONTACT THE EDITOR Anant Naik EDITORIALS & OPINIONS DEPARTMENT Editorials represent the voice of the Minnesota Daily as an institution and are prepared by the editorial board. SHARE YOUR VIEWS The Minnesota Daily welcomes letters and guest columns from readers. All letters must include the writer’s name, address and phone number for verification. The Daily reserves the right to edit all letters for style, space, libel and grammar. Letters to the editor should be no more than 500 words in length. Guest columns should be approximately 350 words. The Daily reserves the right to print any submission as a letter or guest column. Submission does not guarantee publication. Fax: (612) 435-5865 Phone: (612) 435-1578 Letters and columns to the editor 2221 University Ave. SE Suite 450 Minneapolis, MN 55414







HOROSCOPES Today’s Birthday (9/28): Step into rising leadership this year. Invent an inspiring purpose. Prosperity grows over two years beginning this autumn. Communications are key. Persistent efforts provide domestic harmony. Team transitions this winter come before a passionate obsession kindles. Follow love.

Los Angeles Times Daily Crossword Puzzle CROSSWORD Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Lewis

To get the advantage, check the day’s rating: 10 is the easiest day, 0 the most challenging. Written by Nancy Black

Aries (3/21 - 4/19): Today is an 8 — Gain professional recognition, with Pluto direct in Capricorn. Mysteries get solved as the truth gets revealed. Interesting opportunities arise.

Libra (9/23 - 10/22): Today is a 6 — Support your family to adapt to domestic changes, with Pluto direct. Clear the past from closets and spaces. Keep heirlooms. Give away unused stuff.

Taurus (4/20 - 5/20): Today is a 7 — Experience a metamorphosis. Release old limitations and spread your wings, with Pluto direct in Capricorn.

Scorpio (10/23 - 11/21): Today is an 8 — Hidden facts get revealed. Use diplomacy around loss, power dynamics and change, with Pluto direct. You can see what’s missing.

Gemini (5/21 - 6/21): Today is an 8 — Increase the integrity of your bookkeeping with Pluto direct in Capricorn. Changes require adaptation.

Sagittarius (11/22 - 12/21): Today is an 8 — Release limitations around money, with Pluto direct. Put aside fears, worries and trust issues for a transformation.

Cancer (6/22 - 7/22): Today is an 8 — Let go of limiting conversations, especially in the relationship with your partner. Let another see the real you.

Capricorn (12/22 - 1/19): Today is a 9 — You can see your limiting monologues, with Pluto direct in your sign. Abandon fears of humiliation or low self-worth to grow.

Leo (7/23 - 8/22): Today is a 7 — Nature inspires your health and works, with Pluto direct. Release worn-out addictions or habits to allow a new you to emerge.

Aquarius (1/20 - 2/18): Today is a 7 — Consider natural cycles of death and rebirth, with Pluto direct in Capricorn. Contemplate spiritual mysteries.

Virgo (8/23 - 9/22): Today is an 8 — Let go of fears around trust and uncertainty to benefit your relationship, with Pluto direct in Capricorn. Release old negative patterns. Create true love.

Pisces (2/19 - 3/20): Today is an 8 — Hidden truths with community efforts get revealed, with Pluto direct. Give up power struggles or desires for control. An epiphany lights the way.

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ACROSS 1 Historic spans 5 2012 World Series MVP Sandoval 10 FiveThirtyEight fodder 14 Ristorante bottle 15 “Let’s call it __”: “We’re even” 16 Spring flower 17 Disney CEO since 2005 18 Small, silvery Chesapeake Bay swimmer 20 See 34-Across 22 Experiment 23 See 34-Across 27 National Lampoon writer, typically 31 Old West gunslinger Jack 32 Hand over 33 State with conviction 34 Clue for 20-, 23-, 48- and 52Across 40 Spray holder 41 Casino game 42 __ acids: protein components 44 Fireproofing construction mineral banned in many countries 48 See 34-Across 50 Bit of land 52 See 34-Across 56 Boneless seafood cut 59 Nonstick cookware brand 60 Reverberate 61 Chips go-with 62 Online page 63 Profound 64 Owner of Regency hotels 65 At any point DOWN 1 Kick out 2 Hardships 3 Iron deficiency concern 4 Upset with 5 Chess piece that may be promoted


By Derek Bowman

6 Condition treated by Ritalin, briefly 7 Sailor’s jail 8 Most recent 9 Have financing from 10 Jenny Craig offering 11 LAX incoming flight 12 Muscle spasm 13 Volcanic output 19 __ XIII: Title role in “The Young Pope” 21 Pulitzer winner Walker 24 File menu command 25 Aroma 26 Just announced 28 Two-legged zebra 29 Swear words 30 Feudal workers 34 Hardly envelopepushing 35 “Do you really think so?” 36 Haberdashery 37 Blot gently 38 Cork’s home: Abbr.

Wednesday’s PuzzleSolved Solved Last Issue’s Puzzle

©2017 Tribune Content Agency, LLC

39 Respectful negative 40 Kilmer of “Tombstone” 43 Ingredient in une omelette 44 Having fun 45 Scary African fly 46 1380s Norwegian king 47 Unruffled 49 Very silly


51 “House of Payne” creator __ Perry 53 Frequent collaborator with Louis and Duke 54 Take a nap 55 Doc’s “Right away” 56 Nourished 57 Sprain treatment 58 “Thar __ blows!”


DR. DATE Dr. Date, I feel like I’m a second choice for guys. With all the guys I’ve been with, they text me for about a month telling me how special I am, but then all of a sudden find an actual girlfriend. I can never seem to find a guy who may actually like me for who I am, not just for what happens in bed. I hooked up with this one guy last year after meeting him at a fraternity social with my sorority. We really liked each other. We texted all summer about being together, but unfortunately, at the end of summer, he told me he was going to be in a relationship with someone else, and he’s been with her since. He still texts me and recently told me he felt obligated in the relationship and doesn’t love her. He wants to hook up again while he is still dating her, but I am having second thoughts. He says I am something special compared to any girl he’s been with, and if he didn’t have a girlfriend, he would want to get together with me more. Why do guys feel that way with me but can never make the jump to being my boyfriend? —Chopped Liver Chopped, Do you know what b-double-o-ty spells? You have become the booty call babe. If you want to be taken seriously by this fratty tool or any other dude along the way, you need to be clear in your intentions. You are looking for love. Don’t stand to be part of something

purely physical. Look for that emotional connection. Really get to know someone before you get down to the dirty. As soon as a guy can appreciate you for your mind, it will be a lot easier for him to commit to you fully. —Dr. Date Dr. Date, My man keeps saying really heavy things, like he would move to my next job with me or that he’d move in with me here if he could. Thing is, he says them but then doesn’t bring them up again. I really like how it feels when he says things like that because it shows that he likes me a lot. But I also don’t want him to get my hopes up and yank me around if he’s just spewing off anything that enters his mind. How can I know if he’s serious/stop him from saying things he doesn’t mean? I don’t want to act like I know what he wants more than he does. —Speculative InSpector Gadget, I always take men at their word. Sure, I’ve been burned a time or two, but assuming the best in people is a positive philosophy for life. If you think this joker is pulling your leg, call him on his bluff. Be a highstakes kinda gal and ask, “Are you for real?” If he is, he’ll appreciate your straightforward attitude. If he’s not, he’s a gross liar. Yuck. —Dr. Date

Complete the grid so each row, column and 3-by-3 box (in bold borders) contains every digit 1 to 9. For strategies on how to solve sudoku, visit 9/28/2017

Last issue’s solution

© 2017 Michael Mepham. Distributed by Tribune Media Services. All rights reserved.


Thursday, September 28, 2017

Frat raises money with dogs and waffles Phi Sigma Kappa fundraised money for the Special Olympics. BY KAYLA SONG

T he s w e e t s c e n t of waffles wafted outside the Phi Sigma Kappa house as fluffy dogs soaked up attention from a small crowd. On Sunday, Phi Sigma Kappa hosted its second annual “Woofles for Special Olympics” event. The fraternity hoped to raise enough money to send an athlete to the next Special Olympics. Attendees donated $5 to $7 to eat waffles at the dogfriendly fundraiser, and 11 dogs stopped by throughout the four-hour event. The chapter has focused on Special Olympics philanthropy since the mid 1990s, said Joe Kern, director of communications for

Phi Sigma Kappa. “The purpose and mission of Special Olympics is just so great,” Kern said. “I think it teaches our chapters empathy, working with people with special needs and showing them that they can do all these incredible things like anyone else their age.” Last year, the fraternity donated around $2,000 with their first Woofles event. This was enough to send an athlete from Minnesota, said Garrett Caddes, President of Phi Sigma Kappa. This year’s event raised about $700, which was matched by Give to the Max, making the total $1,400, Caddes said. He said the cost to send an athlete to the Special Olympics ranges between $1,000 to $2,000.

Simon Larson, the fraternity’s social chair, came up with the idea and called it “Woofles” last year, Caddes said. Woofles has proved to be a successful event for the fraternity. Pairing dogs and waffles for their event has attracted a sizable crowd both years, he said. “I think it’s really great they’re helping out kids … and doing it in a fun way with waffles and dogs,” said sophomore Anna Frazier, member of the Chi Omega sorority. “It’s important to help them out and give them that extra push.” The fraternity has smaller events planned, like bi-weekly volunteer trips to Feed My Starving Children, but this was their biggest event of the semester, Caddes said.

University mulls over a change to honors policy The proposal allows some to graduate with higher honors than in the past. BY JONATHAN DU

A proposed policy change would let University of Minnesota honors students who complete “exceptional” theses receive a higher level of Latin honors than they qualify for based on GPA. The University’s Senate committee on Educational Policy discussed a potential update this month that would allow a student whose GPA is within 0.1 of a certain level of Latin honors to be bumped up to the next band if they write an exceptional thesis. Some say the change would make honors policies more equitable. Under current policy, students who receive Latin honors at graduation must complete a certain number of honors experiences — like internships or honors classes — as well as maintain a certain GPA and finish an honors thesis. There are three levels

of Latin honors: cum laude, magna cum laude and summa cum laude. Students’ GPAs, in part, determine eligibility for the various levels. “The cases that really break my heart is when a student decides to write a thesis [and] may end with a 3.48 [GPA], and they’ve spent four years doing a number of requirements, of which the thesis being the last one, and then they get nothing on their diploma,” said University Honors Program Director Matt Bribitzer-Stull. The discussion is driven in part by an ambiguous University policy that lets departments recommend a student be bumped down an honors level because of poor thesis work, even if the student has fulfilled all other honors requirements, he said. “It doesn’t strike me as equitable, that a student who doesn’t do a good job on the thesis could be knocked down, but a student who’s just bel o w o n e o f t h e GP A thresholds who writes an exceptional thesis can’t be bumped up, that was the rationale for proposing the change,” Bribitzer-Stull said. Some students who

worry their GPAs may not be high enough to qualify for Latin honors could be deterred from working on a thesis, said Ian Ringgenberg, an honors advisor. “I do think, for a number of students, the ability to graduate with honors is a significant portion of why they’re doing the thesis. If they don’t think they’ll be able to that, then they don’t want to pursue the thesis,” Ringgenberg said. A thesis is an opportunity for students to conduct research and work closely with a faculty member, said Jennifer Goodnough, chair of the Educational Policy Committee. “It’s a good way to get exposed to original scholarly work. It’s a gateway if they want to go to graduate school, no matter what their field,” she said. Bribitzer-Stull said he discussed the proposal with the Honors Student Association and received positive feedback. For now, the committee will continue discussing the proposal. In order for the change to pass, it must be approved by a majority of committee members.


Erin Shen, Jason Xiao and Holly Parker pet Pet Away Worry and Stress dog Bailey as Tom Jackson holds his dog Ally outside Phi Sigma Kappa’s fundraising event for the Special Olympics on Sunday, Sept. 24.

Cam Gordon seeks to highlight public health and environment Gordon u from Page 1

“How can we really make an urban area that’s as healthy as possible for people?” Gordon said. Ad d r e s s i n g e n v i ro n mental degradation, air quality issues, cancer, obesity and violence will assist the city in promoting public health, he said. The “larger political climate” is another area of concern. “There seems to be this push toward anti-immigration, racism, bigotry, and I think there’s an opportunity for Minneapolis to … stand with the immigrant communities that are in our city,” Gordon said. He said he would like to see the creation of a Minneapolis legal defense fund for those who are wary of deportation. Creating a division to focus on new Americans is another way to “defend” Minneapolis’ immigrant community, Gordon said. As a life-long Minneapolis resident, Gordon said he has always appreciated its “urban wilderness” feel, and owns the leafy office plants to prove so. He said his status as the city council’s only Green Party member puts him in a


Ward 2 Council Member Cam Gordon poses for a portrait in his office at Minneapolis City Hall on Tuesday Sept. 26.

“unique position.” Gordon’s policy aide, Robin Garwood, said their office is deeply committed to addressing environmental problems. “Of all of the council offices, we’re the office that has done the most environmental policy,” said Garwood, who’s worked with Gordon for more than 11 years. The office has worked on a bring-your-own bag ordinance, clean energy partnerships, a climate action plan and more, he said. Despite political party differences, Gordon said he’s had positive work experiences with other city officials. “One vote won’t get anything passed,” Gordon

said, adding that bridging political divides is necessary to accomplish goals. Minneapolis City Council Member Andrew Johnson said he’s known Gordon for roughly seven years. He’s worked with Gordon on many projects because they serve on the same committee: the city’s Health, Environment and Community Engagement Committee. Gordon searches for n e w w a y s t o i m p ro v e Minneapolis, Johnson said, specifically in areas of health, equality and environmental sustainability. “He is the type of person that is constantly … asking why not?” Johnson said.

Trump plan promises huge tax cuts BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

WASHINGTON — Promising big tax cuts and a booming economy, President Donald Trump and congressional Republicans unveiled the first major revamp of the nation’s tax code in a generation Wednesday — a sweeping, nearly $6 trillion tax cut that would deeply reduce levies for corporations, simplify everyone’s brackets and nearly double the standard deduction used by most Americans. Trump declared repeatedly the plan would provide badly needed tax relief for the middle class. But there are too many gaps in the proposal to know how it actually would affect individual taxpayers and families, how it would be paid for and how much it might add to the soaring $20 trillion national debt. There clearly would be seismic changes for businesses large and small, with implications for companies beyond U.S. borders. The American middle-class family of four could take advantage of a heftier child tax credit and other deductions but face uncertainty about the rate its household income would be taxed. “Under our framework, we will dramatically cut the business tax rate so that American companies and American workers can beat our foreign competitors and start winning again,” Trump boasted at a speech in Indiana. Democrats predictably felt differently. “Each of these proposals would result in a massive

windfall for the wealthiest Americans and provide almost no relief to middle-class taxpayers who need it most,” Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., said at the Capitol. Some Republicans, once fiscally demanding but now desperate for a legislative win after a yearlong drought, shrugged off the specter of adding billions to the federal deficit. Failure on taxes, after the collapse of health care repeal, could cost the GOP dearly in next year’s midterm elections with its House majority at stake. “This is a now-or-never moment,” said House Speaker Paul Ryan, R-Wis., who built his reputation on tax and budget issues. Likewise, Trump said in Indianapolis, “This is a oncein-a-generation opportunity.” But the bitterly divided, Republican-led Congress faces critical decisions on eliminating or reducing tax breaks and deductions, with the GOP intent on producing a package without Democratic votes by year’s end. The last major overhaul in 1986 was bipartisan, and Trump was courting Democrats. One vulnerable incumbent, Indiana Sen. Joe Donnelly, accompanied the president on his trip to Indianapolis. Trump and the architects of the Republican plan insist that the overhaul is aimed squarely at benefiting the middle class and wouldn’t favor the wealthy. Still, a cut in the tax rate for Americans making a half-million dollars or more would drop by almost 5 percentage points as the wealthiest sliver of the

nation reaped tremendous benefits. Corporations would see their top tax rate cut from 35 percent to 20 percent. For a period of five years, companies could further reduce how much they pay by immediately writing off their investments. That’s all part of an effort that Trump said would make U.S. businesses more competitive globally. The plan would collapse the number of personal tax brackets from seven to three. The individual tax rates would be 12 percent, 25 percent and 35 percent — and the plan recommends a surcharge for the very wealthy. But it doesn’t set the income levels at which the rates would apply, so it’s unclear just how much change there might be for a typical family or whether its taxes would be reduced. “My plan is for the working people, and my plan is for jobs,” Trump told reporters at the White House. “No, I don’t benefit. ... I think there’s very little benefit for people of wealth.” Reopening the debate over economic inequality that rippled through the 2016 presidential campaign, the Republicans’ defense of the plan was met with scorn on the opposite side. “President Trump’s tax plan is morally repugnant and bad economic policy,” said Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt. In the absence of details on the plan’s cost, one backof-the-envelope estimate by a Washington budget watchdog estimated the tax cuts at perhaps $5.8 trillion over the next 10 years.

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