Page 1

DEMANDS FOR THERAPY DOGS INCREASE AT U PG 8 THURSDAY, MAY 3, 2018

LATE WEEK

NEIGHBORHOODS

Rising home values affect UMN area Campus-area neighborhoods have seen single-home values rise up to 11 percent this year. BY MADELINE DENINGER mdeninger@mndaily.com

Rising home values in neighborhoods around the University of Minnesota have prompted concerns from residents and local officials. The average estimated market value of single-family homes in Marcy-Holmes, Southeast Como, Prospect Park and CedarRiverside neighborhoods rose between 7 and 11 percent since last year — similar to a citywide average of just over 10 percent. While these increases aren’t unique to areas near campus, they can drive up housing prices and create difficulty for first-time buyers. Over the past year, market value increases for single-family homes in neighborhoods near the University varied: • Southeast Como homes increased an average of 11.1 percent • Prospect Park homes increased an average of 9.4 percent • Marcy-Holmes homes increased an average of 7.8 percent • Cedar-Riverside homes increased an average of 7.1 percent u See HOUSING Page 3

THE TREND COMES DESPITE LOW EVIDENCE OF IMPACT.

MNDAILY.COM

ADMINISTRATION

What Kaler will leave behind

The UMN president has two years left on his contract to accomplish his major priorities. BY RYAN FAIRCLOTH rfaircloth@mndaily.com

Eric Kaler strode into Rapson Hall on April 18 to meet with students and faculty from the Department of Landscape Architecture. During the hour-long department visit, the University of Minnesota president heard from and queried eager graduate students on their wide-ranging research: autonomous systems, water issues in India and green-space needs in St. Paul.

STUDENT GOVT.

When Kaler took office in 2011, he

MSA wraps up year; looks to fall semester

identified roughly 180 departments to visit in his nine-year tenure. But a sched-

years,” he said. “If something needs chang-

ule that often exceeds 70 hours per week

ing and you haven’t done it in the 10-year

has left him with around 120 depart-

period, either you don’t want to change it or

ments to visit in the last two years of his

you can’t change it.”

An academic career Kaler is a lifelong academic. He re-

Kaler’s leadership of Minnesota’s largest

ceived a chemical engineering Ph.D.

The student government body hopes to address some unresolved issues in fall.

As time dwindles, Kaler’s goals are

university has been filled with triumph and

from the University in 1982, before

getting more difficult to finish — and his

turmoil. To his colleagues, Kaler is known

spending the next 29 years in faculty

window to stamp his legacy is waning.

for his fundraising prowess and holding

and administrative roles at public institu-

BY MAX CHAO mchao@mndaily.com

“In administrative jobs … there’s a cer-

resident tuition down. But his term has also

tions across the country.

tain period of time, for presidents. This

been marred by numerous athletics depart-

[window] probably would be about 10

ment scandals, steep nonresident tuition

The University of Minnesota student government is finishing up an active year and shifting its focus to the fall semester as new leadership moves in. The Minnesota Student Association began numerous campaigns TRISH and policy initiatives PALERMO this year and hopes to continue pursuing them in the 2018-19 school year. At the beginning of the year, MSA President Trish Palermo and Vice President Erik Hillesheim laid out an agenda based on their campaign platform promises. The agenda grew as the semester went on, eventually consisting of almost 100 items. “Erik and I ran on an extremely ambitious platform, and to have watched all of u See MSA Page 8

COURTESY OF TIME MAGAZINE

Keys’ research was the subject of a Jan. 13, 1961 TIME Magazine cover story, ‘The Fat of the Land,’ shown at left.

contract.

hikes and scrutiny from state legislators.

u See KALER Page 2

CAMPUS

New CLA career readiness tool receives mixed reviews from students The RATE tool aims to help students share liberal arts skills with their future employeers. BY ELLA JOHNSON ejohnson@mndaily.com

A new career readiness tool piloted by the University of Minnesota’s College of Liberal Arts this year received mixed reviews from faculty and students. The tool — called RATE — guides students through reflections on how classwork

connects to other aspects of their lives and, ultimately, their careers. Student polls show increases in participants’ confidence in their education and ability to articulate its value after using the tool, though some students said the reflections felt like busywork and that the program’s purpose wasn’t clear. The RATE tool focuses on connecting classroom experiences to CLA’s Core Career Competencies, a set of skills including engaging diversity and analytical and critical thinking, said Ascan Koerner, CLA associate dean for undergraduate education. The competencies are meant to represent

marketable skills liberal arts teaches best, he said. The tool is supposed to provide an opportunity for students to practice articulating the value of their education, an area in which employers said CLA’s graduates were sometimes lacking, Koerner said. He stressed that RATE is still a work in progress. The tool is part of CLA’s Career Readiness initiative, which aims to push back against the dominant narrative that u See CLA Page 2

RESEARCH

Ancel Keys’ complex nutrition legacy Once the pride of University research, the diet guru’s legacy poses a fat problem for his field. BY NICK WICKER nwicker@mndaily.com

In 1957, Ancel Keys and a team of researchers embarked on an ambitious, global mission to reverse the heart attack epidemic through studying diet. The University of Minnesota academic and his team traveled the world, from Japan to the Netherlands, testing men’s physical performance and collecting information about their diets. Two decades later, Keys’ work was published in a landmark study – the Seven Countries Study. It evaluated a range of diets and was one of the first studies to pin cardiovascular disease, or CVD, to diet. The work helped define national nutrition guidelines today. The study launched Keys’ already successful career into the stratosphere, and he became an academic celebrity. He made the cover of TIME magazine and emerged as the common person’s dietary guru, and his findings became nutrition science orthodoxy. In recent years, studies accumulated that cast doubt on his findings, methods and prestige. The most damning result of his work, for some, is their claim that it played a role in creating the American obesity and diabetes epidemics.

The “Diet-Heart Hypothesis”

After Ancel Keys earned his Ph.D. in oceanography and biology in 1930, he worked briefly for the Mayo Clinic in Rochester before relocating to the University of Minnesota to found its Laboratory for Physiological Hygiene, which the War Department quickly conscripted for research work. He died in Minneapolis in 2004. Keys’ interest in human nutrition was viewed as pioneering at that point, and his study in the halls beneath the University’s old football stadium on human starvation informed Allied Forces’ attempts to recover large portions of the war-torn world from malnutrition. During this period, Keys made his name as the father of what would become nutrition science. “But a big part of the public wants to know facts about diet and health. … The man most firmly at grips with the problem is the University of Minnesota’s Physiologist Ancel Keys,” the 1961 TIME magazine cover story said of Keys. “Keys’s findings, though far from complete, are likely to smash many an eating cliche.” Keys’ Seven Countries Study became his most controversial and most important contribution to nutrition science. Starting in 1957, Keys studied men from then-Yugoslavia, the U.S., Greece, Italy, Finland, the Netherlands and Japan and derived his famous “Diet-Heart Hypothesis,” u See NUTRITION Page 3

VOLUME 118 ISSUE 59


2

THURSDAY, MAY 3, 2018

MN DAILY

EXTENDED WEATHER FORECAST THURSDAY FRIDAY HIGH 73° HIGH 77° LOW 50° LOW 52° Mostly cloudy

Daily Review

MNDAILY.COM

Sunny

SATURDAY HIGH 79° LOW 48° Partly cloudy

SUNDAY HIGH 70° LOW 46° Mostly sunny

MONDAY HIGH 74° LOW 51° Partly cloudy

THIS DAY IN HISTORY

Thursday, May 3, 2018 Vol. 118 No. 59

An Independent Student Newspaper, Founded in 1900. 2221 University Ave. SE, Suite 450 Minneapolis, MN 55414 Phone: (612) 627-4080 Fax: (612) 435-5865 Copyright © 2018 The Minnesota Daily This newspaper, its design and its contents are copyrighted.

1469 Italian philosopher and writer Niccolo Machiavelli was born. He became one of the fathers of modern political theory. HISTORYCHANNEL.COM/TDIH

Kaler looks to stamp his legacy Kaler u from Page 1

His background, he said, helps him navigate the complexities of leading a major university. “I’m very analytical, and I tend to parse problems in that sort of analytical way,” Kaler said. Former Regent Patricia Simmons chaired the presidential search committee that recommended Kaler. The University has thrived under Kaler’s leadership, she said, pointing to his work on tuition and fundraising expertise. Kaler’s resident tuition hikes have come at lower rates than previous presidents. In his seven years in office, undergraduate resident tuition has risen about 9.9 percent. The previous seven years under former University President Bob Bruininks saw resident tuition rise around 48 percent. But nonresident, nonreciprocity students have not fared as well under Kaler. Their tuition went up 12.5 percent in the past year. Kaler has stated he wants to move this rate closer to the middle of the Big Ten, as it is currently one of the lowest. “He’s been a great steward of resources — holding tuition, raising philanthropy,” Simmons said. “He doesn’t take the credit for it, but he is doing an extraordinary job of raising private funding.” In September, the University unveiled a 10-year, $4 billion fundraising plan called “Driven: The University of Minnesota Campaign.” The announcement initiated the public phase of the fundraiser, as officials quietly raised $2.5 billion in private funds since 2011. The $4 billion will be spent on students, faculty, research, initiatives and outreach. University Medical School Dean Jakub Tolar said Kaler has created a financially efficient institution by lobbying for state and private funds while cutting administrative costs. “He acts in the line of sight of the benefit of the University, and I admire that,” Tolar said.

Responding to adversity

On Sunday, reports surfaced the University paid almost $300,000 in settlements to two women who

reported being sexually harassed by former athletics director Norwood Teague in 2015. The Teague incident is one of several athletics department scandals that have plagued the University during Kaler’s tenure. In December 2016, Gophers football players boycotted team activities over sexual assault allegations. Additionally, former basketball player Reggie Lynch faced sexual misconduct allegations and was expelled in the last year. “We’ve clearly had some athletic-related things that have not been easy to manage, from Norwood Teague to the football issues. Those have been the hard spots,” Kaler said. The scandals have drawn scrutiny on a national level and at the state Capitol, where lawmakers have been critical of the University’s spending priorities. But Senate Majority Leader Paul Gazelka, R-Nisswa, said Kaler warns lawmakers of coming scandals before they reach the press and takes responsibility for the University’s missteps. “If it’s contrary to the values of where he wants the University of Minnesota to go, he’s not afraid to take a stand,” Gazelka said. “I would say that he builds trust before he has to repair it, and that’s a big difference.” The scandals have prompted the University to hire new athletics personnel and establish a campuswide effort to prevent sexual misconduct. University Regent Richard Beeson said Kaler has an ability to turn “crises into political strengths.” “He has [strengths] in problem-solving and putting the systems in place to ensure that what is a weakness or a vulnerability is a strength,” Beeson said. Kaler has been tasked with maintaining free speech in a divisive campus climate. State lawmakers and conservative media outlets criticized the University in February about the location it chose for hosting conservative speaker Ben Shapiro on the St. Paul campus. Kaler’s efforts to maintain campus climate are often a balancing act. He advocates for free speech rights, but he has consistently condemned hate speech

NEWS STAFF Nick Wicker Managing Editor nwicker@mndaily.com Cedar Thomas Managing Production Editor cthomas@mndaily.com Jack White Sports Editor jwhite@mndaily.com Gunthar Reising A&E Editor greising@mndaily.com Alex Tuthill-Preus Multimedia Editor atuthill-preus@mndaily.com Maddy Fox Assistant Multimedia Editor mfox@mndaily.com Sheridan Swee Copy Desk Chief sswee@mndaily.com Molly Tynjala Assistant Copy Desk Chief mtynjala@mndaily.com Harry Steffenhagen Visuals Editor hsteffenhagen@mndaily.com Jane Borstad Visuals Editor jborstad@mndaily.com Desmond Kamas Chief Page Designer dkamas@mndaily.com Rilyn Eischens Campus Editor reischens@mndaily.com Olivia Johnson Campus Editor ojohnson@mndaily.com Ryan Faircloth City Editor rfaircloth@mndaily.com David Clarey Features Editor dclarey@mndaily.com =

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

EDITORIAL BOARD Aleezeh Hasan Editorial Board Member ahasan@mndaily.com Ray Weishan Editorial Board Member rweishan@mndaily.com Mike Hendrickson Editor-in-Chief mhendrickson@mndaily.com

ELLEN SCHMIDT, DAILY

Audience members listen to University President Eric Kaler’s speech at Carlson School of Management’s monthly “1st Tuesday” speaker series on Tuesday.

without prohibiting it. “We need to be a place where people come together and have dialogue and learn and respect each other’s point of view,” Kaler said.

Sealing his legacy

As Kaler heads into the final stretch of his contract, he hopes to fulfill his last few priorities: overseeing the rollout of the President’s Initiative to Prevent Sexual Misconduct, completing the $4 billion fundraising campaign and improving the University’s relationship with Fairview Health Services. Seeing the capital

fundraising campaign through its 2021 end would keep Kaler in office for another year. But he said he has no desire to continue his role past then, as he will have already exceeded the average tenure of a university president. As for what’s ahead, Kaler said he would like to return to a faculty role where he can teach and conduct research, or maybe lead a foundation. “I certainly would not want to go beyond 2021, which would be 10 years, because I actually believe what I said,” he said. “We’ll see. I can’t predict the future.”

“He’s been a great steward of resources — holding tuition, raising philanthropy. He doesn’t take the credit for it, but he is doing an extraordinary job of raising private funding.” PATRICIA SIMMONS former university regent

New CLA RATE tool gets mixed reviews CLA u from Page 1

liberal arts degrees are not useful or practical, Koerner said. In addition to implementing the RATE tool, CLA team members involved in the initiative have provided trainings and workshops for instructors and advisors. CLA’s career services staff has also been doubled as a result. Ginger Dallin, a sophomore double major in entrepreneurial managem e n t a n d t h e a t e r arts who used the tool in one of her classes, thought CLA could have better served her and others if they had focused career readiness efforts on resume building workshops. CLA does offer those services, including an optional sophomore career management

course, though they are not required like RATE is in some courses. Dallin said the purpose of the tool was unclear, which was why it felt like busywork. For example, RATE contains a feature that generates potential interview questions for each of the Core Career Competencies. Dallin said this might be useful, but she didn’t know about it. This was also an example, she said, of another issue with the online tool: it was difficult to navigate, contributing to her confusion about its purpose. The students who found the tool useful were mindful of the tool’s purpose and felt it would benefit them at the start of the pilot, said theater arts professor Lisa Channer, who administered the tool in Dallin’s course.

OFFICE OF THE PUBLISHER Mike Hendrickson Editor-in-Chief mhendrickson@mndaily.com (612) 435-1575 Kathryn Chlystek Business Operations Officer kchlystek@mndaily.com (612) 435-2761

Channer said she will facilitate more group discussion around the RATE tool if she continues to use it because she believes discussion will reduce student perception of the tool as busywork. In addition to promoting the practical value of liberal arts degrees, Channer said CLA should emphasize their importance beyond potential for financial success. Encouraging the types of creative thinking taught in the liberal arts could alleviate tension in the United States’ polarized climate, she said. “Theater students are incredibly skilled at … busting out of old ways of thinking into new ways. I think … that’s what we need the most right now. We’re so polarized,” she said. “I feel like it’s an exciting thing for liberal arts to stop pretending they’re

“I feel like it’s an exciting thing for liberal arts to stop pretending they’re not important and to say, ‘actually we should be right at the center of the conversation.’” LISA CHANNER theater arts professor

not important and to say, ‘actually we should be right at the center of the conversation.’” CLA also hopes to help students make more intentional choices about their education, Koerner said. Frequently, students fill electives with courses that seem fun rather than thinking intentionally about building their skills. CLA staff hope framing education in terms of

competencies can be helpful in guiding students’ education, he said. Channer said that while advisors are key players in this process, faculty have an important role as well. “If you’re talking to a student who’s just here to give in their money and get out their degree so that they can go get a job, we have to awaken that person from their slumber,” she said.

BUSINESS Genevieve Locke Sales Manager glocke@mndaily.com David Keane Controller dkeane@mndaily.com The Minnesota Daily strives for complete accuracy and corrects its errors immediately. Corrections and clarifications will always be printed in this space. If you believe the Daily has printed a factual error, please call the readers’ representative at (612) 627–4070, extension 3057, or email errors@mndaily.com immediately. THE MINNESOTA DAILY is a legally independent nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization and is a student-written and student-managed newspaper for the University of Minnesota’s Twin Cities campus. The Daily’s mission is: 1) to provide coverage of news and events affecting the University community; 2) to provide a forum for the communication and exchange of ideas for the University community; 3) to provide educational training and experience to University students in all areas of newspaper operations; and 4) to operate a fiscally responsible organization to ensure its ability to serve the University in the future. The Daily is a member of the Minnesota News Council, the Minnesota Associated Press, the Associated Collegiate Press, The Minnesota Newspaper Association and other organizations. The Daily is published Monday and Thursday during the regular school year and weekly during the summer, and it is printed by ECM Publishers in Princeton, Minn. Midwest News Service distributes the 10,000 issues biweekly. All Minnesota Daily inserts are recyclable within the University of Minnesota program and are at least 6 percent consumer waste. U.S. Postal Service: 351–480.


Thursday, May 3, 2018

3

The complicated legacy of Ancel Keys 8

PERCENTAGE OF U.S. POPULATION WITH DIAGNOSED DIABETES

7 6

5 4 3 2 1 0 1958

64 67 70 73 76 79 82 85 88 91 94 97 00 03 06 09 12 15 SOURCE: CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL

PERCENTAGE OF U.S. ADULT POPULATION WITH OBESITY 40%

30% 1988-94

2003-04 1999-00 2001-02 2005-06

20% 1971-74 10% 1960-62

1976-80

0% SOURCE: NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH

500000

COURTESY OF THE KEYS COLLECTION, CVD HISTORY ARCHIVE, SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH

Ancel Keys perched on a sofa, pipe in hand, in his home.

Nutrition u from Page 1

– which states that people should eat less cholesterol and saturated fat to reduce cholesterol and resulting CVD – from the study.

Dissent and revision

Four decades passed before any researchers revisited his conclusions. Their criticisms have a growing foothold on the field Keys left behind. “[The Diet-Heart Hypothesis has] certainly had a profound impact on the field … and really on the world because most countries follow our diet policies,” said Jeff Volek, a researcher in The Ohio State University’s Department of Human Sciences. “If you honestly look at the evidence, it continues to get weaker. There’s certainly no smoking gun studies out there that really support the Diet-Heart Hypothesis.” Volek’s own research, started in the late 1990s, contradicts Keys’ frameworks. He found that those who follow low-carb, high-fat regimens are healthier and more resistant to diabetes. In some patients, this diet, paired with proper training, has even reversed Type 2 Diabetes, he said. Professor Andrew Mente of McMaster University in Canada uses his background in epidemiology to study the effects of diet on certain biological metrics. He first stumbled on the Keys controversy after publishing a 2009 survey of nutrition research. None of the data in Mente’s meta-analysis showed the same correlation between high-fat diets and negative health outcomes that Keys’ science would have predicted. Mente has since studied Keys’ work closely and found Keys selected to study countries that would support his

theories most intensively. He also identified issues with Keys’ methodology and the fact that it has not been replicated since. Volek said the prevalent orthodoxy started by Keys made it difficult for him to launch his career, which has since included the publication of multiple research books and guides to low-carb living. Volek said he faced pressures not to question the views held by most nutritionists. Deviation could mean trouble with peer review boards or even losing consideration from funding sources like the National Institutes of Health. Mente said he didn’t face as much pushback, but he was cautious rolling out his findings at first. Today, the concern has lessened. He called the change a paradigm shift. “I get a sense that the tide is turning and people are very, very receptive to the messages that are coming out from people like myself and others,” he said.

“There’s something wrong with our strategy”

While researchers like Volek and Mente have questioned Keys’ findings on saturated fats, work from reporters like Gary Taubes and Nina Teicholz paved the way for criticism in the media. Articles in publications like The New York Times and The New Yorker have raised suspicion about the low-fat diet, along with the high-sugar, high-carb diets that fill the void fatty foods left vacant. Some of these lay the blame with the sugar industry. Some blame Keys. Teicholz’s 2014 book “The Big Fat Surprise: Why Butter, Meat and Cheese Belong In A Healthy Diet” sharply criticizes Keys, his methods and his attitudes toward studies that contradicted his theories. “The story is really one of

personalities and politics and the players in the field. It is a story of people; people do science,” she said. “And if people let studies go unpublished or sit in NIH basements, those are stories of people.” According to the Centers for Disease Control, more than one-third of adult Americans are obese, which contributes to some of the most persistently lethal ailments like Type 2 Diabetes and certain cancers, along with CVD. The CDC also reported that, by 2015, over 100 million Americans over 18 had Diabetes or prediabetes. This is especially difficult to bear because of its cost to the health care system, preventability and lethality. “If you were running a baseball team and you had 40, 50 years of complete losses, you would think, ‘maybe there’s something wrong with our strategy here.’ You would not describe that as progress,” Teicholz said. “You cannot look at the picture of health in America since 1965 and say that this has been progress.” Still, Teicholz said her role in breaking up a long-established orthodoxy in the nutrition industry was vital. “He really was on a frontier and many of the mistakes that he made or problems with his data were completely understandable,” Teicholz said. “I truly believe that he had absolutely the best intentions in mind.”

A paradigm shift?

Scientists and journalists with a range of views on Keys’ work and legacy have engaged in public dispute for the last decade, with critics questioning the scientific value of his work and others denouncing detractors’ stances as marketing gimmicks. Henry Blackburn, who worked with Keys extensively during his research in the 1960s, said Teicholz

and others ignore Keys’ legitimate contributions. Blackburn, now retired, runs the University’s archival history of Keys’ lab and research. He said claims from Teicholz and others don’t come from the science community and are the result of underhanded attempts to sell books and faddish diet programs. “I think they’ve used rather classical approaches of propaganda and repetition,” Blackburn said. “They’ve done it very carefully and rather deceptively and most of us are fairly sure it’s going to disappear eventually and Ancel will be re-established as the important scientist that he was.” In August 2017, Blackburn coauthored a 64-page white paper defending the methods, data and conclusions of Keys’ Seven Countries Study, as well as Keys’ influence. The paper claims Keys’ selection of countries for the study was valid, as the other nations in the data set would have been too influenced by Nazi occupation and the war to offer proper diet information. Plus, he chose countries with what he saw as the most contrasted diets to get the most variety in the study, Blackburn said. But no one, including Blackburn, involved in the debate thinks Keys’ work is flawless. Professor David Jacobs, who researches nutritional epidemiology at the University of Minnesota’s School of Public Health and knew Keys well, said the school has faced frequent accusations and complaints that it can’t be trusted since the push for low-carb diets began. Jacobs said he studies foodbased health, like how whole grains influence heart-health, and acknowledged there are problems with Keys’ research. Diets should be prescribed

NUMBER OF HEART DISEASE DEATHS IN U.S. Men Women

400000

300000

200000

100000

0 1969 72 75 78 81 84 87 90 93 96 99 02 05 08 11 14 17 20 SOURCE: CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL

COURTESY OF THE MINNEAPOLIS STAR TRIBUNE

Ancel Keys used these crude rates of Minneapolis mortality trends to illustrate the heart attack epidemic for the first prospective Cardiovascular Disease epidemiology study.

based on the foods in them, and Keys too often researched and spoke about abstract nutrients while ignoring how they should be eaten. And while Keys’ research showed a clear delineation between the effects of saturated and unsaturated fats on health, his public advocacy often skimmed over such distinctions in order to reach more people, he said. This conflation, Jacobs said, could very well have contributed to the American diabetes crisis, as Keys’ critics often claim. “There are many people who are very good at selling

their work and having good salesmanship skills when it comes to getting their message across,” Andrew Mente said. “I think what we need is … to better understand what the limitations of the Seven Countries Study are and raise awareness of those limitations.” Jacobs said Keys’ work should be judged and criticized, but backlash against Keys and low-fat diets has been an over-correction. “I don’t think the University of Minnesota and in particular, our department, has anything to be ashamed of,” Jacobs said.

Rising home values affect University neighborhoods Housing u from Page 1

Ward 2 Minneapolis City Council member Cam Gordon said some of his constituents expressed concern when they received an estimated value from the Minneapolis Assessor’s Office this year. “Most people I heard from were concerned about how fast it’s going up and how that could affect their property taxes,” he said. While an increased

estimated market value doesn’t necessarily mean an increase in property taxes, Gordon said he is more concerned with how the values will affect his ward’s diversity. Rising costs can also impact neighborhoods where a majority of residents are renters. Since 2017, the average estimated market value of single-family homes in Southeast Como rose from $200,989 to $223,722. Karl Smith, president of the Southeast Como

Improvement Association, said landlords and developers may increase rent to keep up with neighborhood prices and rising property values. “Without [raising rents], I don’t know how these companies would continue to make a profit,” Smith said. Gordon said the high property values create a “seller’s market,” meaning homes often sell within weeks to months of being on the market and for more than the asking price. The average time

on the market for a home in Ward 2 in 2015 was 32 days, he said, while the current average is just 13 days. This market means potential homebuyers may have to place several offers before they can find a home, and those who cannot pay more than the asking price are sometimes unable to live in the neighborhood, Gordon said. “You hear stories of places like San Francisco and other cities that have slowly become cities for the rich and

wealthy, and I don’t think that’s what people want in Minneapolis,” he said. John Kari, a board member of the Prospect Park Association and vice chair of its land use committee, said while the neighborhood welcomes young home buyers, homes are likely too expensive for them. In the past year, the average estimated market value for single-family homes in Prospect Park rose from $336,671 to $370,392. Kari said the neighborhood lacks

the vacant lots needed to build more single-family homes, and developers are looking to high-density rental housing to attract young professionals and students. “Being a first-time home buyer in Prospect Park is really difficult. If you understand affordable as under $250,000, there aren’t many available,” Kari said. “And I don’t think we’re going to build any more single-family homes. If somebody’s going to build something, it’s going to be higher density.”


4

Sports

THURSDAY, MAY 3, 2018

MN DAILY

MNDAILY.COM

SOFTBALL

Wagner finishes long journey with U

Wagner heads into her last home series with the Gophers, now in the outfield.

SOFTBALL PREVIEW

MINNESOTA

PENN STATE

WHEN: 6 p.m. Friday

BY DREW COVE dcove@mndaily.com It has been a long journey with a lot of bumps in the road for senior Dani Wagner to end up in center field for the Gophers softball team. Minnesota takes on Penn State in the final regular season series, which will be Wagner’s last time in front of her home fans before the Big Ten tournament and the NCAA championships. “It’s honestly just been a privilege to be here, to be a part of this team,” Wagner said. “I’m just making the most of it, being with all of these great people is just great.” Wagner’s journey at Minnesota is different than some others’ may be. Wagner didn’t come in and start every game for the team for four years at the same position. Though she is now a center fielder, she began her career with the Gophers as a shortstop. In 2017, Wagner played in all 61 games for the Gophers, but this time, she was in the outfield. She said the move was based on speed. “When I was at short, I covered a lot of ground going after fly balls,” Wagner said. “We had someone else coming in as a shortstop, so

VS

WHEN: 1 p.m. Saturday WHEN: 1 p.m. Sunday WHERE: Jane Sage Cowles Stadium SOURCE: GOPHERSPORTS.COM

“It’s honestly just been a privilege to be here, to be a part of this team.” DANI WAGNER senior

JACK RODGERS, DAILY

Senior Dani Wagner bunts at bat at the Jane Sage Cowles Stadium on Saturday, April 21. The Gophers defeated Nebraska 6-0.

we were like ‘Hey, let’s try this out.’” Wagner was still in the outfield her senior year, but she had to overcome an injury she sustained in the beginning of the season. She broke her hand early in a game, which forced her to miss 20 of Minnesota’s 48 games so far. Since she came back into the lineup, the team has gone 17-3, including 15-3 in

the Big Ten. Wagner said the time away with injury made her appreciate being in games much more. “She’s someone who will take a stand and say what she feels is right,” head coach Jamie Trachsel said. “I think her composure is a big part of her success in big moments.” Off the field, Wagner is in the College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Re-

TENNIS

source Sciences, planning to graduate with majors in food science and nutrition studies. She is on track to get her degree soon, and her interest in the field started at a job shadow at Hormel Foods. “I liked the idea that you could work with food and manipulate food and go with the quality aspect of it, too,” Wagner said. Besides work with food

science, Wagner, her mother, Jana, and Trachsel all said Dani Wagner could find herself in coaching or involved in the game in some way. Jana said her daughter could even add teaching to her degree to boost her coaching. “I think she realizes that she likes the game that much that she’ll need to coach to be happy,” Jana said.

Dani Wagner’s love for the game is not lost on her team. Her teammate and fellow outfielder Maddie Houlihan said her presence teaching in the outfield was invaluable. Wagner’s new head coach added that she has been invaluable to the team through this season and, like Houlihan said, is a natural teacher. Trachsel spoke of Dani’s importance when addressing her injury. “We didn’t know if she would be able to come back or when that was,” Trachsel said. “I was like ‘You know, we can’t do this without you, so whenever we get you back, we’ll take you back.’ It came just at the right time.”

BASEBALL

Gophers to play Georgia in first round of NCAAs Minnesota will go to Norman, Okla. for the match on May 11 at 10 a.m. BY MAX BIEGERT mbiegert@mndaily.com The Gophers will travel to Norman, Oklahoma to face the University of Georgia in the first round of the NCAA Tournament, as announced on the NCAA selection show Tuesday. Whichever team wins will play the victor of No. 14 Oklahoma and Utah in the second round.

Minnesota (15-8, 7-3) lost in the semifinals of the Big Ten Championships to No. 3 Ohio State last weekend. The Georgia Bulldogs (1310, 5-7) won their first round dual in the SEC tournament before falling to No. 5 Texas A&M in the quarterfinals. “Georgia is perennially a top team in college tennis, so it will be a great challenge,” head coach Geoff Young said. “They are playing good tennis, but we are playing the best tennis of the year so far, so it will be a good matchup.” This is the ninth time the Gophers have reached the NCAA Tournament

with Young as head coach, but the furthest they’ve gone under Young is the second round, which they have done four times. Senior Felix Corwin is coming off a victory in the No. 1 spot against the No. 5 player in the country, Mikael Torpegaard of Ohio State. Corwin is excited for what is to come for his team. “We have an awesome chance to make the sweet 16, which I personally have never [made],” Corwin said. “I think we have proven this season that we can compete against the top guys.”

DAILY FILE PHOTO

Toby Hanson throws the ball back to pitcher Brett Schulze during the Gopher’s game against Illinois on April 29, 2017 at Siebert Field.

Due to an injury, Toby Hanson makes move to designated hitter Hanson led the U in RBIs last year with 57, along with 75 hits as a junior. BY JACK WARRICK jwarrick@mndaily.com The last year of eligibility can be a difficult time for any college athlete. But when you suffer an injury while doing well in your last season with the team, it makes the last year even more stressful. Outfielder Toby Hanson started all 57 games last season as a junior. He was one of the most influential batters for the Gophers, topping Minnesota’s charts with 57 RBIs and 75 hits. The total was good for a .319 batting average. But this year, a wrist injury and surgery have gotten in the way. “Unfortunately, he missed too many games because of injuries,” head coach John Anderson said. “I wish he could have been on the field more, but that happens sometimes in somebody’s career.” Through the first 25 games of the season, Hanson had 85 at bats with 30 hits along with a .353 batting average, and 17 RBIs to show for it. Then, he suffered a wrist injury in the final game of the Nebraska series and sat out for eight games in the middle

of the season. He has been the designated hitter while working back into shape, occasionally getting time in the field. Hanson’s wrist gets stiff and still gives him trouble at times, he said. “I’ve never really [been designated hitter] a whole lot in my life, so it’s kind of an adjustment, a lot of sitting around waiting,” Hanson said. “Right now, it’s just kind of waiting until I get fully healthy, and then I should be able to get back into the outfield.” Hanson said he has taken more of a leading role now as one of the older and more experienced members of the team. Freshman pitcher Ryan Duffy also had a surgery midway through the season at the same time, and the two talked about that experience together. “I think [Hanson has] really helped me through that process, just by watching him, too,” Duffy said. “Bringing his focus to practice and how he’s handled things, staying calm, even though things aren’t always going your way.” For Hanson, professional baseball might be the next chapter, but he said he isn’t thinking about that phase of his life yet. “It goes so quick,” Hanson said of college baseball. “You just try to embrace every day a little bit more than you usually do. You try to not take anything for

BASEBALL PREVIEW

MINNESOTA

VS

INDIANA

WHEN: 6:30 p.m. Friday WHEN: 2 p.m. Saturday WHEN: 1 p.m. Sunday WHERE: Siebert Field SOURCE: GOPHERSPORTS.COM

granted, and come to the ball park with a smile on your face.” As the final few weekends of the season approach, Hanson and the Gophers have a good chance at making the NCAA Tournament this year as they sit at 29 in the RPI rankings, which is one of the main determinants for making the playoffs. Sixty-four teams make the tournament and the Gophers narrowly missed it last year. Anderson said he expects Hanson and fellow outfielder Alex Boxwell to lead the experienced Gophers squad in the final weeks of the season. “[They] are going to be the keys for what we do here down the stretch,” Anderson said of the two seniors. “They’ve played a lot, and they’ve both had their share of injuries and I just think eventually the baseball gods are going to turn in their favor. I just got a feeling that they’re going to heat up.”


5

THURSDAY, MAY 3, 2018

MN DAILY

MNDAILY.COM

SKINCARE

Have skincare questions? Meet your answer Maritza Ramirez, Haus Salon esthetician and the Twin Cities’ personal glow expert tells us to cleanse, tone, hydrate, repeat. BY SOPHIE VILENSKY svilensky@mndaily.com

M

aritza Ramirez, an esthetician at the North Loop’s Haus Salon and proprietor of all things glowy, found her spot in the skincare world in a bit of a roundabout way. That’s not to say she hasn’t always cared about skin. At 19 years old, Ramirez was putting on “like 10 steps of skincare a night.” When friends would go tanning without sunscreen, they’d receive a lecture. Graduating from St. Catherine University with a degree in clothing design during the recession of 2008, Ramirez found herself full of knowledge and creativity with few ideal job opportunities. Having worked for a number of makeup and skincare companies throughout her life, Ramirez eventually moved to Seattle, where she worked for Nordstrom corporate. In 2015, she moved back to Minneapolis and did the corporate thing a little longer. “I felt myself becoming a little disillusioned with the corporate nine-to-five life. I wasn’t happy,” Ramirez said. “So I was like – you know what? I’m just going to finally start over and become an esthetician. I went to Aveda Institute and was a full-time student again. I graduated just last June and have been at Haus ever since.” Now an Instagram icon in her own right (find her at @maritza_at_haus) and the chosen facialist and brow magician for all of the dewiest local faces, Ramirez shared a little of her wisdom with A&E. Please

moisturize to thank her! Describe the skincare routine ever yone should be doing. A bare-bones skincare routine would be cleanser, toner and some sort of hydration. Twice a day. If you’re only going to do it once, do it at night, but I wouldn’t recommend it. If you’re not doing anything at all, cleanse, tone, hydrate. And that’s ever yone? Everyone. Men. women, teenagers. 90-year-olds. How about holy grail products? A splurge and a budgeted pick? If I were going to pick my favorite product, it would hands-down be the Susanne Kaufmann soothing tonic. It’s a super hydrating toner with sage and chamomile, and it’s gentle enough for basically all skin types. It’s that first layer of hydration, and it feels so good on your face. On the other end of the spectrum, if I was going to recommend something that was more friendly on the wallet, I’d say Little Barn Apothecary aloe and rosewater toner. That one is a third of the price. I think toner is the biggest step that most people aren’t using. Most people think of toner as like Proactiv or something that’s really astringent or for acneic skin, but toners can balance, they can be hydrating. And they can fight acne. How impor tant do you think real-deal products are compared to dupes? Like a facial steamer versus standing over a stove, or using witch hazel as toner? First of all, there’s a new

ELLEN SCHMIDT, DAILY

Maritza Ramirez, an esthetician at HAUS Salon in Minneapolis’ North Loop, poses for a portrait on Tuesday.

skincare line popping up , like, every second. Everyone has skincare: Urban Outfitters, Sephora, Nordstrom, a gas station — you can get a face mask anywhere. I’d never put something on my face that I hadn’t researched heavily. There are a lot of dupes out there. Anything claiming it’s going to revitalize your skin, change it, make you look ten years younger ... I’m automatically skeptical. I just really think so much of it boils down to genetics and lifestyle. Not smoking, not being in the sun all day, eating fruits and vegetables — those are the most important things. My personal philosophy is that plants are best. With that being said, I don’t tell people to use [non-diluted] essential oils or pure witch hazel because those things can be really harsh on your skin. Where should we get our info in a world where ever yone is a beauty influencer?

I think right now we’ve hit a point where it’s information overload. It’s that pay to play — who can you trust? Everyone’s either getting free products or selling products. At the end of the day, everyone is being paid by some skincare line. Not to avoid the question, but I guess if there is somewhere you can go to find a nonbiased, informative product comparison, I don’t know what it is. My tip would be to find an expert and go see them for a facial. Why are facials important? How much are we hurting ourselves when we tr y to do at-home extractions? Facial massage, a portion of a facial, is one of the most important things. When you do facial massage it helps stimulate the skin, promote new cell turnover, slough off any dry skin. You also get the steam and the extractions and you leave feeling so much better. As for at-home

extractions ... I would just say don’t do it; you can permanently damage your skin. Your pores will never shrink, but you can always make them bigger. How often should people get facials? Ideally, every four to six weeks; 28 days is the approximate amount of time for new cell turnover. What about coconut oil? Ever yone is obsessed — does it do anything? It’s heavy and an occlusive product, which means it doesn’t let your skin breathe. I know some people swear by it and I’m not going to fight them, but for most people .... it clogs your pores. Absolutely no. What should we stay away from when choosing skin care products? It’s hard to know because there are always buzzwords. Like toxins — what are toxins? It’s a generic word that’s tossed around all the time for skincare,

food. I’d say stay away from super-fragranced products. Natural fragrances are okay, but it goes along the line of not making your own skincare at home. Natural products can be just as bad for your skin as not natural. Do your research and try things out. Your skin will probably let you know on its own if something is good or bad for you. Okay, last question. Who is your skin icon? Locally, Emily Eaton. Then there’s Iman, Naomi Campbell, Rosie Huntington-Whiteley, Kim Kardashian, Linda Rodin — look her up right now, her style is amazing and her skin is amazing. [Instagram DM addendum] “I completely forgot my ultimate skin icon JLO!!!!!! Her skin is perfection and what I want mine to look like at her age (or right now, for that matter).” Editor’s note: This interview has been edited for length and clarity

SUMMER When: June 16, 1-10 p.m. Where: Walker Art Center and Minneapolis Sculpture Garden, 726 Vineland Place, Minneapolis Cost: $74 general admission tickets Stone Arch Bridge Festival Everyone’s favorite Instagram location isn’t for pictures only — it’s also the central location for this annual festival, now in its 24th year. The Stone Arch Bridge Festival is held over Father’s Day weekend and takes over the streets and park next to the bridge itself. Enjoy food, music and some of the best views of the Minneapolis skyline. HARRY STEFFENHAGEN, DAILY

A&E’s guide to summer events This summer, there will be block parties and concerts galore. BY SOPHIE VILENSKY svilensky@mndaily.com

D

on’t let the grind of finals get you down — the season of outdoor concerts, street festivals and farmers markets is just around the corner. Here is A&E’s rundown of just some of the offerings in the Twin Cities over the next few months, so grab your iced coffees and rejoice. Mill City Farmers Market Located in the shadow of the Guthrie Theater, the Mill City Farmers Market is accessible from campus by light rail, bus and walking (just follow the Stone Arch Bridge to the Guthrie Theater). The market opens this Saturday

and will continue through October. Pick up your weekly produce, a cup of coffee or new cooking tricks, thanks to the Mill City Cooks series, which teaches shoppers a new recipe based on in-season produce offerings. When: 8 a.m. - 1 p.m. on Saturdays, May through October (market opens at 9 a.m. in October) W h e r e : 704 S. 2nd St., Minneapolis Art-A-Whirl Ever wanted to look inside the countless art studios and galleries across Northeast Minneapolis? The 23rd Annual Art-A-Whirl is your chance — the weekend-long studio tour connects art fans with artists themselves. Over 650 artists will participate at

over 50 locations throughout the neighborhood, and each tour stop will involve a different activity, from workshops to conversations with the artist.

Dumpling fans can walk the tour on foot or by bike, or travel between stops on the 21 bus.

When: May 18th (5-10 p.m.), May 19th (12-8 p.m.), May 20 (12-5 p.m.) Where: visit nemaa.org/arta-whirl for specific tour locations

When: 11 a.m. - 5 p.m., June 2 Where: check in at Midtown Farmers Market, 2225 E. Lake Street, Minneapolis Cost: $5 (includes two free samples, with more available for purchase throughout the tour)

Lake Street Dumpling Tour On June 2, the Midtown Farmers Market will focus on a widely loved food: dumplings. Starting with the Midtown Farmers Market, the tour will work its way through Lake Street and its wide variety of sambusas, momos and empanadas.

Rock the Garden Held at the Minneapolis Sculpture Garden, the daylong outdoor music festival is co-hosted by 89.3 The Current and the Walker Art Center. Father John Misty headlines the festival, with Kamasi Washington, Feist and others performing throughout the day.

When: June 15 (kick off concert from 5-10 p.m.), June 16 (10 a.m. - 7 p.m.) and June 17 (10 a.m. - 5 p.m.) Where: Stone Arch Bridge (100 Portland Ave., Minneapolis) and Historic Main Street Surly Brewing Co. Summer Concerts Co-hosted by First Avenue, this summer concert series is held at the Surly Brewing Festival Field. The brewery is accessible from campus by light rail — less than a half a mile from the Prospect Park light rail stop. This year’s summer lineup? Spoon, Grizzly Bear, Sylvan Esso, Courtney Barnett and Gary Clark Jr.

fundraiser to restore The Basilica of Saint Mary, the Basilica Block Party still supports The Basilica Landmark and its St. Vincent de Paul program. Held the weekend after the Fourth of July, this year’s concerts include Fitz and the Tantrums, the Revolution, BØRNS, Early Eyes and more. When: July 6 and 7 Where: The Basilica of Saint Mary, 88 N. 17th St., Minneapolis Cost: one-day tickets start at $60 Minnesota Fringe Festival The Twin Cities are known for their thriving theater community, and the annual Fringe Festival is no exception — 2017’s festival hosted 870 performances in total. From August 2-12, theaters across Northeast Minneapolis and Cedar-Riverside neighborhoods will be dedicated to fringe shows, all of which are less than 60 minutes long. When: August 2-12 W h e r e : theaters across Northeast Minneapolis and Cedar-Riverside Cost: tickets and passes available in July

When: June 30 at 6 p.m. (Spoon and Grizzly Bear), July 20 at 7 p.m. (Sylvan Esso), July 21 at 6 p.m. (Courtney Barnett), September 8 at 7 p.m. (Gary Clark Jr.) Where: Surly Brewing Co Festival Field, 520 Malcolm Ave. SE Minneapolis Cost: $35-45, depending on the show

Open Streets Minneapolis Open Streets events celebrate various neighborhoods across Minneapolis. Each event takes over a portion of a street, closing it to car traffic and allowing walking and biking throughout. The University of Minnesota’s event isn’t until September 30, but take the opportunity to travel to the Lyndale, Lake + Minnehaha, Northeast and Franklin neighborhoods throughout the summer months.

Basilica Block Party Originally started as a

When: throughout the summer Where: across Minneapolis


6 THURSDAY, MAY 3, 2018

MN DAILY

MNDAILY.COM

Editorials & Opinions

COLUMN

EDITORIAL

Low-income students deserve recognition

Reflecting on a politically driven year in news

The U isn’t doing enough to recognize the struggles of financially independent students. ast week, the Minnesota Daily published a piece that detailed the strained college experience of low-income students. As the price of a college education continues to soar, a de- ELLEN SCHNEIDER gree becomes less atcolumnist tainable and more necessary than ever before. I have, on numerous occasions, questioned whether my mounting students loans, two jobs, endless strings of essays, late night caffeine boosts and study dates with overtired friends are worth my time and effort. I have worked full-time while attending school full-time. I’ve held up to three jobs at one time. I’m a financially independent student, and I am constantly struggling. The balancing act of being a student who’s stressed, fatigued, trying to decide what they want to do with their life, paying bills and dealing with unhappy bosses is a tireless struggle. This common reality is not often recognized by the University of Minnesota. Around 23 percent of University students receive Pell Grants. Universities across the nation continue

to preach achievements in economic diversity, all without bending standards or making compromises to accommodate for those students. Other schools, like the University of Chicago, have instituted programs that help low-income students navigate a perplexing and insufficient financial aid system, as well as replace loans with needbased grants that don’t have to be repaid. Students can also apply to UChicago without paying an application fee. Mentorships are offered to guide students through the endlessly confusing applications, job searches and more. After UChicago identified it had the lowest number of students receiving Pell Grants among elite universities in the U.S., it implemented a program to diversify its student body. These efforts recognize the struggles of those who may not have the same financial resources as their peers, but have the same drive, skill and aptitude. The difference at our University is that a large number of these students already exist, and our school isn’t doing enough to acknowledge it. Even if resources like Pell Grants were available to more students, funds are always scare and inadequate. Eligibility to receive Pell Grants is based on expected family contributions. EFC is not based on what your family can give, but rather the government’s interpretation of that. In other words, it has no basis in reality. As no solutions seem to be arriving on the national scale while degrees become a

LETTER TO THE EDITOR

COLUMN

Response to ‘study drugs are not the answer’

College is not the only place to be

L

I am writing in response to Uma Venkata’s column “Study drugs are not the answer” published on April 26. According to the latest College Student Health Survey from Boynton Health, more than 5 percent of University of Minnesota students are diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and presumably have discussed or been prescribed medication for their symptoms. Additionally, around 21 percent of students report being diagnosed with depression, and while stimulants like Adderall are not the first-line prescription, they are used in some of these cases. This does not mean only 5 percent (or slightly higher) of students at the University have symptoms that could be helped with ADD or ADHD medication. To fill a prescription at Boynton, students must submit a comprehensive evaluation, which takes 4-8 hours and costs between $1,400 and $2,500. That’s quite the expense, especially because insurance typically does not cover it. The headline article of the Daily’s April 26 issue detailed the extreme difficulties of the University’s low income students; if you think Samantha Truesdell was worried about covering a $500 rent fee, imagine the stress of covering five times that amount. In addition to financial barriers, many students face social stigma against seeking mental health resources. Some students believe their peers pop study drugs to cram through hangovers after weekday Netflix and partying. Many undiagnosed students face pressure not just to pass, but to get A’s in every subject. That’s expecting a near perfect score on every test, homework assignment and lab. Now, are there students who abuse prescription drugs for the purpose of more party time and who don’t care about grades? Sure. And it’s dangerous: taking Adderall without ADHD can result in a variety of effects, including headaches, shortness of breath and in extreme cases, death. Some studies have shown Adderall does not improve cognitive function for these individuals anyway. But to say every case of study drug abuse is due to students not acknowledging the privilege of being here is just wrong. Even if you do view pills as a slacker’s tool, it’s not like caffeine isn’t also a drug. You can be addicted to or dependent on it. And by the way, it’s what makes up one third of NeurOwl capsules (the rest is LTheanine, an amino acid found in green tea). And energy drinks? These can also produce symptoms of headaches, rapid heart rate and seizures, which resulted in over 20,000 emergency department visits in 2011. Energy drink consumption also correlated with illicit substance use for a total of more than 1.3 million emergency department visits in 2011, just like nonmedical use of Adderall. In summary, taking medication (illegally or legally) is not what makes or breaks your college experience. Being privileged enough to be able to spend many hours studying and visiting office hours without medication (instead of dealing with financial, familial or other health constraints) is great. While all students should learn to manage time, it’s no guarantee of a perfect life or perfect relationship. This letter has been lightly edited for clarity and style. Sidonia Zinky is a junior at the University of Minnesota majoring in statistical science.

EDITORIALS & OPINIONS DEPARTMENT Editorials represent the voice of the Minnesota Daily as an institution and are prepared by the editorial board.

College is expensive, but it’s not the only option for people.

L

ast week, the Minnesota Daily published a profile on low-income students who make ends meet while footing everything, including UMN tuition. Their fortitude is, UMA VENKATA to say the least, imcolumnist pressive. One day I’ll get my act together and be a fraction as resilient as them — but with that kind of standard, don’t hold your breath. It goes without saying college should be the time to focus on studies, prepare for long, rewarding careers and develop our personalities and minds, free from excessive stressors — like truly not knowing whether we can afford to finish school. But, seemingly now more than ever, it’s no safe bet. One evening when I was very young, I was watching a “Cheers” rerun with my parents, during which Diane Chambers described herself as a perpetual student. It took until I attended college for this to finally click with why my parents laughed it off as an utter relic of the past. Chambers was a grad student — but the price of education is skyrocketing everywhere, including for us lowly undergraduates. College tuition is and has been rising faster than both inflation and general financial aid. And while this increasing cost is quite a publicly acknowledged phenomenon, there is another fact that only exacerbates it: college has become, more or less, compulsory. College used to be just one option in a variety of next-steps after high school, but now it usually looks like the only option. It seems to me that trade school has all but disappeared from the collective

The balancing act of being a student who’s stressed, fatigued, trying to decide what they want to do with their life, paying bills and dealing with unhappy bosses is a tireless struggle.

less and less feasible feat, the University is doing little to cut student costs. Although University President Eric Kaler managed to keep in-state tuition relatively flat over the past few years, the University should work toward increasing resources for lowincome students. We are the students who budget meticulously and spend long hours working and studying. We deserve to be recognized by the University that we bend over backwards to attend. The so-called “great equalizer” is failing those of us who start out in unmatched circumstances. Unless something changes, we will always be playing catch up. Ellen Schneider welcomes comments at eschneider@mndaily.com.

awareness. Honestly, that’s a loss for students. Apprentices and students of the trades and vocations pursue career paths that will never be lacking in job openings. A good auto mechanic will always have a well-paying job. And the better at his or her job he or she is, the better he or she will be paid. The same goes for plumbers, electricians, welders, boilermakers and aircraft mechanics, for example. And an added perk of a physically active and jobsecure career is a high chance of union representation or government benefits. We need to start making our way back to striking the sweet spot between education and its cost, whether this is the cost in money or time. Our grandparents’ generation produced nurses with twoyear degrees who were just as proficient as our nursing-program graduates today. Furthermore, on-the-job training is valuable not only because it often guarantees permanent employment, but because it lets candidates dive into the market headfirst and without debt. Debt, especially for undergraduates, needs to be more transparently addressed — it’s tough. Far into the future, it dominates your conscience, dictates your spending and diminishes your relationship prospects. Sadly, I’m not the only one who shies away from a disappointing truth of debt: If I were madly in love with someone, even engaged to him, and I suddenly found out he was deep into undergraduate debt — I’d call it off in a moment. You marry someone, you marry the debt. The dream for everyone is, ultimately, financial security through work that feels like play. We all want to love what we do. And what I think needs to be better represented is that there are more ways to get there than with an overpriced Bachelor’s degree. Uma Venkata welcomes comments at uvenkata@mndaily.com.

DAILY DISCUSSION Schools should determine own starting times

Getting enough sleep, of course, means better performance at school for most students. That just makes sense. What doesn’t make sense, though, is trying to legislate a mandated school start time that doesn’t take into account the different needs of the variety of school districts and the children they serve. Legislation proposed at the Minnesota Legislature attempts to boost performance and health of teens by mandating schools start later. The bill would prevent middle and high schools from starting earlier than 8:30 a.m. and forbid elementary student bus pickups before 7 a.m. School start times all over the state are intertwined with how long it takes to bus kids to and from a school, what extracurriculars are scheduled before and after school, the varying competitions that require students leave school early (so they’d miss even more class time if school started later) and other factors. Later class times could throw a wrinkle in all of that for many districts. The variables are wide and often depend on a school’s location and how far students live from it. The legislation would make no sense to the northern Minnesota district that runs from Duluth to Canada. Those children have to be picked up early in the morning or their school day would run well into the evening by the time they got home. Tailoring the start day for teens so they can sleep in would ignore the needs of those younger children to be home sooner

What doesn’t make sense, though, is trying to legislate a mandated school start time that doesn’t take into account the different needs of the variety of school districts and the children they serve. at night. Of course, another factor is that working parents often have to drop children off on their way to work and waiting later in the morning might not fit work schedules. Clearly, it should be up to school districts to determine what works best for the majority of their student population. If school leaders determine their teen-age students would perform better by sleeping in and starting class after 8:30 a.m., then that’s a local decision they can make based on the needs of most their students. A parent who supports the proposal to start after 8:30 a.m. actually made a case against the legislation. She said her daughter was doing so much better after her school moved its start time back — but it was moved to 8:20 a.m., a time that wouldn’t be allowable under the proposed law. Editor’s Note: This story was originally published in the Mankato Free press.

T

his school year was a roller coaster of emotions for the University of Minnesota, United States and students across the country. From Super Bowl activities on campus to April blizzards, the student body at the University had an eventful 2017-2018 school year. Through it all, we at the Minnesota Daily have enjoyed covering the action and delivering the news. We would like to take a moment to reflect on fall 2017 and spring 2018 and look ahead to future semesters. We learned no matter what happens on campus, Monday morning classes are inevitable. Super Bowl week brought crowds and a bit of excitement. However, there was nothing more exciting than a standoff between police and a man inside the Graduate Hotel. Despite the situation continuing longer than expected (and a microwave launched out of an upper-story window), classes did not stop. We would like to thank the University of Minnesota Police Department and the Minneapolis Police Department for keeping us safe and the situation contained. We also faced inches upon inches of snow, yet the University only canceled one night of classes. In the end, braving unusual conditions and mother nature, we somehow made it to our early morning classes on time. We saw local elections that were equally as exciting as presidential elections. In the fall, Minneapolis held municipal elections, the mayoral race heated up and Minnesotans voted people into office they hoped would solve community issues. Key election topics included affordable housing, police-community relations and a multitude of other problems Minneapolis faces. Lawmakers have started work that should continue, including the new 20-year plan titled Minneapolis 2040. Currently in its first draft, officials are seeking feedback on the plan. We look forward to seeing our newly elected officials solve longstanding problems the city faces, especially Ward 3 City Council member Steve Fletcher, Ward 2 City Council member Cam Gordon, Ward 6 Council member Abdi Warsame and Mayor Jacob Frey. As municipal elections increased political energy on campus and in the city, we learned that statewide and national politics are still incredibly important. As Donald Trump’s first year as president concluded in January, we saw a number of students fight for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals recipients, the military transgender community and sexual assault survivors. Tragedy struck schools across the nation, prompting thousands of students who had not graduated high school to grab the nation’s attention on gun legislation by protesting en mass. The past year is an indication of how integral the people’s voice is to the political process and why everyone should fight for their beliefs. We look forward to seeing even more people become politically engaged, as well as seeing how the 2018 midterm elections shape the political landscape. Most importantly, we look forward to covering all of this throughout the summer and heading into fall. Thank you to all our readers who have followed us, page by page. We are excited for good weather, a break from conventional classes and continuing coverage throughout June, July and August. To those leaving Minneapolis for the summer in exchange for exciting travels, internships, jobs or home, we will see you again in the fall.

SHARE YOUR VIEWS The Minnesota Daily welcomes letters and guest columns from readers. All letters must include the writer’s name, address and phone number for verification. The Daily reserves the right to edit all letters for style, space, libel and grammar. Letters to the editor should be no more than 500 words in length. Guest columns should be approximately 350 words. The Daily reserves the right to print any submission as a letter or guest column. Submission does not guarantee publication.

letters@mndaily.com Fax: (612) 435-5865 Phone: (612) 435-1578 Letters and columns to the editor 2221 University Ave. SE Suite 450 Minneapolis, MN 55414

THE EDIT ORIALS AND OPINIONS DEPAR TMENT IS INDEPENDENT OF THE NEW SROOM


7

THURSDAY, MAY 3, 2018

MN DAILY

MNDAILY.COM

CLASSIFIEDS

HOROSCOPES Today’s Birthday (5/3): Partnership is the key that unlocks your year. Plan your educational journey. Return to previous research for hidden treasure. Write, broadcast and get the word out this summer before domestic bliss holds your attention.

To get the advantage, check the day’s rating: 10 is the easiest day, 0 the most challenging. Written by Nancy Black

Aries (3/21 - 4/19): Today is a 7 — Watch where you’re going. Career opportunities can arise unexpectedly. Trust a crazy hunch. Follow your intuition regarding timing.

Libra (9/23 - 10/22): Today is a 7 — The next few days are good for making changes at home. Reconfigure structures and supports for greater ease and practicality. Provide a family solution.

Taurus (4/20 - 5/20): Today is a 7 — Plan your next adventure. The next two days favor study, research and exploration. Reach out and touch someone.

Scorpio (10/23 - 11/21): Today is an 8 — Listen to your creative muses, especially loved ones and children. Learning could come in intense doses.

Gemini (5/21 - 6/21): Today is an 8 — Opposites attract. Take advantage to resolve financial questions and priorities. Together, you have a wider perspective.

Sagittarius (11/22 - 12/21): Today is a 9 — Profits are available over the next few days. Tap into a lucrative groove. Keep checking tasks off your lists. You’re on a roll.

Cancer (6/22 - 7/22): Today is an 8 — Work with your partner over the next few days. Negotiate to refine the plan. Look to the future, and true up your course.

Capricorn (12/22 - 1/19): Today is a 9 — Put on your “supersuit” today and tomorrow. You can achieve your intentions with simple actions, one step at a time. Learn a new trick.

Leo (7/23 - 8/22): Today is an 8 — Don’t overdo a physical workout. Slow to avoid accident or injury. Focus on your form and technique.

Aquarius (1/20 - 2/18): Today is a 6 — Slow down and take time to reflect. Consider past history as it relates to a future possibility. Listen to intuition to recognize an opportunity.

Virgo (8/23 - 9/22): Today is a 7 — Enjoy time with family and friends over the next few days. Romance is a distinct possibility. Provide and receive emotional support. Share your heart.

Pisces (2/19 - 3/20): Today is an 8 — Team action gets results over the next few days. Collaborate and coordinate your moves. Share ideas, resources and elbow grease.

To place a Classified linage ad, call: 612-627-4080 or email: nationalsales@mndaily.com or go online to www.mndaily.com/page/classifieds To place a display ad, call: 612-435-5772. For billing and all other questions, call: 612-627-4080.

PRINT RATE: $2.70 PER LINE/DAY ONLINE RATE: $20 PER 15 DAYS FOR RELEASE MAY 3, 2018

Los Angeles Times Daily Crossword Puzzle CROSSWORD Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Lewis

ACROSS 1 Liberty __ 5 Troublesome types 9 Cleaning tool 13 Any number 15 River through Florence 16 Natural analog of sonar 18 Toyota RAV4, e.g. 19 The best policy, so it’s said 20 VW Golf model 21 Fronded plant 23 Small cube? 25 Facebook __ 28 SDI weapon 31 Jazz singer Laine 32 Ones who have class? 35 Developing, biologically 36 Old General Motors model 43 Literary award with a spaceship logo 44 Head for the hills 45 Nothing new 47 Billiards concern 49 Phantasy Star game maker 50 Big name in ATMs 51 Egret habitats 58 Braggart’s abundance 59 Ice cream features found, in a way, in this puzzle’s circles 62 Hard to control 63 Harley-Davidson Museum city 64 Cholesterol nos. 65 Presently 66 Scrip items DOWN 1 Hats like Maurice Chevalier’s 2 Intestinal 3 Director with three Oscars 4 Welsh : llyn :: Scots : __ 5 “__ your side” 6 “The Wind in the Willows” figure

5/3/18

By Jeffrey Wechsler

7 They know the ropes 8 Schism group 9 Wasn’t used 10 Squirm 11 “And __ thing ... ” 12 Fish that sound good in Spanish 14 Density symbol, in physics 16 Like bodybuilders 17 Right at sea? 22 Book before Esth. 24 Hessian pronoun 26 Crime movie genre 27 Name on a museum wall 28 When some news shows begin 29 Sugar source 30 Half of a calland-response game 33 Whopper 34 “Very nice!” 36 Area around the altar 37 Bent (over) 38 Asian appetizer

Last Issue’s Puzzle Wednesday’s PuzzleSolved Solved

©2018 Tribune Content Agency, LLC

39 Remote control abbr. 40 Cause of a paper weight increase 41 Brightened 42 Tries for a better price 46 New Mexico county bordering Colorado 48 Punk rock subgenre

5/3/18

52 Diva Gluck 53 Dust Bowl deficiency 54 WWII invasion city 55 Cut 56 Spanish “that” 57 Like many laps 60 Pitcher Young and painter Twombly 61 Presidential nickname


8

Thursday, May 3, 2018

Therapy animals lack scientific evidence Current evidence for the effectiveness of therapy animals is mostly anecdotal. BY MICHELLE GRIFFITH mgriffith@mndaily.com

University of Minnesota hospitals hope more fourlegged friends will walk their halls as patients and visitors increasingly seek therapy dogs for support. Therapy dogs are in high demand as people learn about the benefits of their support. Many patients say they feel better after they interact with the dogs; however, some say more scientific research is needed to prove the animals have a positive effect. “We absolutely need more research and better research,” said Tanya Bailey, animal-assisted interactions coordinator for Boynton Health and founder of Pet Away Worry and Stress. “The flip to that coin is if this impacts one person … that’s worth it to me.” People’s love for therapy dogs keeps them in high demand. However, evidence of their effectiveness is mostly anecdotal, said Carol Ouhl, therapy dog department head for Twin Cities Obedience Training Club. Bailey the therapy dog,

“Do we accept something only if we can quantify it, or do we accept things because one person has had an amazing experience?” TANYA BAILEY animal-assisted interactions coordinator for Boynton Health

who has worked at the University for three years, visits the school up to five times per week. She brings support and joy to patients and students who make special trips to visit her. She has gathered a social media following on campus and frequents the Medical Center, PAWS and surrounding elementary schools. Holly Parker, Bailey’s owner, has seen the University’s demand for therapy animals increase in past years. University entities like PAWS and the University Medical Center are constantly looking for more handlers and animals, she said. Students are frequent users of therapy animals, Tanya Bailey said. “For most students, when they come to campus, they leave behind their entire network of social support. They will say that coming here to campus, they miss their animals the most,” Tanya Bailey said. Many hospital patients seek animal companionship to remind them of home. When Parker visits hospitals with Bailey in tow, she finds the dog brings a familiar face to people who are in a foreign environment, Parker said. “The staff loves it [too]. We are there for the staff as much as we are for the patients. They need a break too,” she added. Tanya Bailey has worked with animals for more than 25 years, and has spent much of her career trying to solidify scientific evidence of the benefits of animal therapy. The disparity between evidence and effect has made it a difficult topic to discuss, she said. “Do we accept something only if we can quantify it, or do we accept things because one person has had an amazing experience?” Tanya Bailey said.

EASTON GREEN, DAILY

Bailey the golden retriever sits outside of the Masonic Children’s Hospital after volunteering in a hospital unit on Tuesday.

Carlson students seek to combat opioid addiction CEASE will treat addiction like a contagious disease, not a criminal issue. BY J.D. DUGGAN jduggan@mndaily.com

A proposal created by three Carlson MBA students aims to combat the opioid epidemic in the Twin Cities area by treating the issue like a contagious disease rather than a criminal issue. Elisha Friesema, Prachi Bawaskar and Stephen Palmquist created the award-winning proposal Community Empowerment to Address the Substance Use Epidemic, or CEASE, by modeling it after a program used in Chicago and other cities to curb gun violence. CEASE would target the root causes of opioid addiction in high-risk areas by creating social support centers. The program would connect people to transportation, food, housing, education, employment resources

and medical care, which Friesema called “social determinants of health.” The proposal was modeled after the Cure Violence program in Chicago, which similarly targets the root causes of gun violence through social aid. “When it comes to doing anything related to social determinants of health, it’s so easy to throw up barriers for people,” Friesema said. “The moment you have to talk to two people instead of one, you’re going to lose … [to] a majority of people.” Friesema said CEASE’s approach will help those struggling with addiction in the long-term, while incarceration doesn’t offer the needed sustained support. “While they may have gone into remission [from drug dependency] during those couple of weeks that they were in prison or in a jail, it doesn’t give them that longterm solution or the support they need to make sure they stay in remission,” she said. Palmquist said they

looked at data from the Hennepin County Medical Examiner’s Office to determine the areas in the Twin Cities with the highest number of opioid-related deaths. He said affected areas in the city are very concentrated, similar to a disease outbreak. “There’s actually entire zip codes where there’s not a single death all across the county in certain areas … so it’s just concentrated,” he said. If the CEASE pilot is funded and implemented, it will address the 55404 zip code in Minneapolis. This region is one of the most highly affected areas of Minnesota and has the lowest life expectancy in the state by zip code, according to Palmquist. Neighborhoods in this area include Elliot Park, Phillips, Whittier and Seward. The students purport that CEASE, once funded, would decrease opioid-related deaths in the targeted regions, resulting in over $1.9 billion in savings in the first year of implementation. The group is seeking funding from

MAX OSTENSO, DAILY

Elisha Friesema, Stephen Palmquist and Prachi Bawaskar pose for a portrait in Carlson School of Management on Tuesday.

a variety of sources, including the Trump Administration. The next step for the group is submitting the proposal to the Surgeon General and White House. CEASE was presented in

Hanson Hall last Wednesday, where Minneapolis Mayor Jacob Frey spoke on opioid addiction in the city. “The opioid epidemic is wreaking havoc on people and families across Minne-

apolis,” Frey said in a statement. “As Elisha, Prachi and Stephen have demonstrated with their innovative CEASE Model … students can be strong partners in this fight.”

UMN student government wraps up year; looks toward fall semester MSA u from Page 1

those initiatives come to life has been truly powerful,” Palermo said of her and the vice president’s campaign. While many agenda items were completed, some platform items didn’t get completely enacted or have not been approved by administration or the Legislature. Among unimplemented items are attempts to expand medical amnesty legislation, increase lighting around campus and change the name of Coffman Union. Those items, among other ongoing goals, will be targeted by the incoming MSA leadership, Palermo said. “Obviously, there’s still a long way to go … but I think this year we started a lot of

conversations that needed to be started and were able to finish a lot of the initiatives that have been ongoing for quite a few years,” Palermo said. During fall semester, MSA got an early start through the implementation of several initiatives such as the “Break Up with Your Landlord” accountability campaign and the expansion of Gopher Chauffeur operation hours. Palermo said this gave them momentum that carried through to the spring semester, helping them pass student housing legislation in the State legislature and launch a sexual assault awareness campaign that partnered with various campus groups, including Gopher Athletics. “MSA is lucky to be in a position where

administrators take our efforts very seriously,” Palermo said. In March, Simran Mishra and Mina Kian were elected the next president and vice president of MSA. Mishra said she hopes to build upon the foundation laid by this year’s MSA leadership. “We’re very excited to be coming into a time when MSA has been doing so much and been so productive, and we’re excited to work on that,” she said. Mishra said she hopes to add new platform items, such as a focus on student worker rights and expanding the availability of emergency contraceptives. Officially taking over as president in mid-June, Mishra will begin major preparations for the upcoming school year in August.

May 3, 2018  
May 3, 2018  
Advertisement