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TOP HEADLINES INSIDE:

UMN RESEARCHERS TROUBLESHOOT TURTLE’S SHELL PAGE 8

■■ U students to bring film noir to the stage

A PROSTHETIC COULD HELP “SEEMORE” SWIM

■■ Three Gophers take the ice for MN Wild

Their Fringe Festival play will show on West Bank. PAGE 6

The Wild Development Camp runs until July 13. PAGE 4

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U OF M

MINNEAPOLIS

ST PAUL

SUMMER EDITION

JULY 12, 2017

RESEARCH

ONLINE EXCLUSIVES AT MNDAILY.COM

SPORTS

Mariucci gets new name, 3M sponsorship 3M Arena at Mariucci became the new name for the Gophers men’s hockey rink Monday. BY JACK WHITE jwhite@mndaily.com

THE SCIENCE

OF

A team of University researchers set out to find one thing: What makes a perfect smile?

A bit of teeth, a bit of an angle

BY SYDNEY BAUM-HAINES sbaum-haines@mndaily.com

H

SMILES

ow do people perceive different smiles?

The study participants rated smiles on a scale of one to 10 for

Sofia Lyford-Pike, University of Minnesota assistant profes-

how pleasant, genuine and effective they were, said Guy, faculty

sor, assembled a top-notch team to study just that.

member in the University’s Department of Computer Science

L yford-Pike, a facial plastic and reconstructive surgeon,

works on patients with paralyzed faces. She regularly makes decisions about how to change their smiles using only her judgment as a guide.

and Engineering. Guy said the team cycled between 27 different smiles and presented a set to each fair goer who took the survey. To find what makes up an ideal smile, researchers tweaked

“My whole goal is to get my patients back to being engaged in the world, feeling like they can go out socially,” she said. However, Lyford-Pike wanted a better understanding of what

a computer-generated face. Guy said they changed three different characteristics of the smile: the width, the angle and teeth shown between the upper and lower lips.

smiles the average person finds appealing. So she and two other

Their research found the most highly rated smile was “medi-

University researchers, Stephen Guy and Nathaniel Helwig,

um” for all the characteristics — a smile that’s not too wide, not

headed to the Minnesota State Fair in 2015 looking for answers.

too narrow and with just the right amount of teeth shown — but

They asked about 800 people’s opinions on various smiles

many others were rated almost as well, he said.

and published their findings in the journal PLOS ONE on June

For many of the smiles, it was what combination of character-

28. They showed there is no one perfect smile, but rather a

istics worked well together, said Helwig, assistant professor of

sweet spot based on three different characteristics.

psychology and statistics. Low angle smiles go better with little

u See STUDY Page 8

Mariucci Arena has been renamed to 3M Arena at Mariucci, the team announced Monday. 3M’s sponsorship gives a 14-year, $11.2 million to the athletics program on top of the name change. “It’s been well received,” said Athletics Director Mark Coyle at a Monday press conference. “We were very deliberate in who our naming partner was going to be, and 3M represents everything that makes sense for us.” 3M has also helped fund Athletes Village — the school’s new athletics facility still being built. Coyle said Athletes Village is expected to open in January 2018. The athletics program and 3M have a 90-year relationship. “[Minnesota] is a key recruiting spot for us,” said 3M Chief Marketing Officer Paul Acito at the press conference. “It’s the kind of well-rounded leadership attributes we look for at 3M.” The Gophers men’s hockey game on Oct. 1 versus Alberta will be the first at the renamed facility. The Gophers are coming off a season where they finished 23-12-3. Minnesota lost in the Northeast Regional to Notre Dame, ending its season.

CAMPUS

UMN adds new sexual health minor for grads The minor program will start in the fall semester for masters and doctorate students. BY BELLA DALLY-STEELE idally-steele@mndaily.com

T he Un i vers i ty o f M i n n es o ta i s bringing sex education, a topic usually reserved for middle school classes, to public health graduate students with a new minor program starting this fall. Among the first of its kind in the nation, the University’s Board of Regents approved the program at its June meeting. The program will merge education on sexual health, sexual behavior and sexuality, highlighting the public health implications of the subject. Simon Rosser, professor of epidemiology and community health, spearheaded the minor program, which requires eight credits for masters’ students and 12 for doctoral students. Rosser said he led the push for the program after noting a nationwide student interest in the field while counseling and advising students. “There’s a lack of similar opportunities across the nation,” Rosser said, “and we want to attract the best students.” The minor will include courses u See MINOR Page 3

CHILD CARE

For pregnant Minnesota inmates, a “doula” helps to maintain family ties The Minnesota Prison Doula Project connects incarcerated mothers with their children. BY MAX CHAO mchao@mndaily.com

In 2011, Brittany Seaver gave birth to her third child. It was her first while in prison. She was looking for support during her pregnancy, but the confines of prison made support difficult to find. Two days after giving birth, the two were separated — the baby went to Seaver’s mom, and Seaver went back to her prison cell. “It’s a super dramatic, scary situation,” Seaver said. Raelene Baker became Seaver’s

support. She helped Seaver through the process, comforting her with emotional care. After the birth, Baker helped Seaver keep a relationship with her newborn. “She was involved in such a crazy part of my life, and she really touched me emotionally. I’ve always held a really special place in my heart for her,” Seaver said. Baker is a doula and the project coordinator of the Minnesota Prison Doula Project, one of the first and longest running groups in the U.S. which gives birthing and motherhood support to women in prisons and jails. Doulas are women who provide prenatal education and group parenting classes to incarcerated mothers and mothers to be. They assist with births and help sustain u See DOULA Page 3

EASTON GREEN, DAILY

Brittany Seaver poses for portraits with her children Serenidee, Jazzlynn and William Watson outside their home in Plymouth, Minnesota on Monday. Brittany is now involved with the Minnesota Prison Doula Project, giving support and advice to pregnant inmates and new moms who are incarcerated.

VOLUME 117 ISSUE 64


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Daily Review

Wednesday, July 12, 2017

THIS DAY IN HISTORY 1984 Walter Mondale, the leading Democratic presidential candidate, announces that he has chosen Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York as his running mate. HISTORYCHANNEL.COM/TDIH

CITY BRIEFING Wednesday, July 12, 2017 Vol. 117 No. 64

An Independent Student Newspaper, Founded in 1900. 2221 University Ave. SE, Suite 450 Minneapolis, MN 55414 Phone: (612) 627-4080 Fax: (612) 435-5865 Copyright © 2017 The Minnesota Daily This newspaper, its design and its contents are copyrighted. OFFICE OF THE PUBLISHER Mike Hendrickson Editor-in-Chief mhendrickson@mndaily.com (612) 435-1575 Kathryn Chlystek Business Operations Officer kchlystek@mndaily.com (612) 435-2761 NEWS STAFF Nick Wicker Managing Editor nwicker@mndaily.com Allison Dohnalek Managing Production Editor adohnalek@mndaily.com Jack White Sports Editor jwhite@mndaily.com Sophia Vilensky A&E Editor svilensky@mndaily.com Alex Tuthill-Preus Multimedia Editor atuthill-preus@mndaily.com Sheridan Swee Copy Desk Chief sswee@mndaily.com Christine Ha Assistant Copy Desk Chief cha@mndaily.com Harry Steffenhagen Visuals Editor hsteffenhagen@mndaily.com Cedar Thomas Chief Page Designer cthomas@mndaily.com David Clarey Campus Editor dclarey@mndaily.com Raju Chaduvula City Editor rchaduvula@mndaily.com =

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ELLEN SCHMIDT, DAILY

Delegates, alternate voters and supporters of all candidates converse before the Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party’s 2017 City Convention Saturday, July 8 at the Minneapolis Convention Center.

MPLS mayoral candidates fall short of DFL-endorsement, question its process Raymond Dehn led after the first round of voting Saturday. BY BELLA DALLY-STEELE idally-steele@mndaily.com

After a 12-hour convention Saturday, Minneapolis delegates made their way home at a premature 10 p.m., failing to endorse any of the seven mayoral candidates. The early adjournment followed the marginal victory of Rep. Raymond Dehn, who earned 32 percent of the first vote, placing him ahead of Ward 3 City Council Member Jacob Frey and incumbent Betsy Hodges, who earned 28 and 24 percent of the votes, respectively.

Dan McConnell, Minneapolis DFL chair, said although nonendorsements are common — the DFL hasn’t endorsed a mayoral candidate in a contested race since 1979 — missing an endorsement is not ideal. “If we get an endorsement, it gives our members someone to rally around,” he said. “Otherwise, we tend to go our own ways.” Al Flowers, Captain Jack Sparrow and Aswar Rahman were forced to drop their bid for the endorsement after earning less than 10 percent of the first votes. Rahman was among the five candidates to agree to drop their bid should another candidate win endorsement. Flowers and Sparrow made

no such promises. Another candidate for mayor, former Minneapolis NAACP chapter President Nekima Levy-Pounds, did not attend the convention. Although the partial victory provoked a livelier response from the Dehn campaign than others, workers across campaigns expressed disappointment in the DFL procedures. “I have some serious questions about whether this is the best process for our party and for our democratic process to choose candidates for endorsements,” said Joe Radinovich, Frey’s campaign manager. He said the 12-hour process made it clear that improvements could be made

and expects the party to reevaluate the process after the mayoral election in November. Joelle Stangler, campaign manager for Dehn and a former University of Minnesota student body president, said although the process was frustrating, it helped the team assess that their campaign plan was on track. “This process, although cumbersome and although exclusionary, can provide an in road for someone like Ray,” Stangler said. Delegates and University Campus Organizers for Dehn’s campaign, Sonia Neculescu and Alaina Friedrich, said the new name value and buzz surrounding Dehn’s underdog success will help

them as they turn from canvasing delegates to college neighborhoods. Neculescu and Friedrich said as the candidates move towards the general election, all eyes seem to lie on the youth vote. Although Stangler said Dehn ’s cam p ai g n was brought to the convention on the back of college youths, other campaigns said they need further student support. Rylee Stirn, University of Minnesota student and intern on Hodges’ campaign, said although she came in contact with a fair amount of students during her canvasing and phone banking, she expected to see more of her peers actively participating in the mayoral race.

Hennepin Sheriff’s office to Dog shot by MPLS receive divisive federal grant police to be treated at BY MARAYA KING mking@mndaily.com

Two Minnesota groups are receiving more than $700,000 in federal funds to fight radicalization with community efforts that have left many divided. Hear tland Democracy and the Hennepin County Sherif f’s of fice were part of 26 community outreach programs and law enforcement organizations chosen to get money from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security to combat terrorism recruitment in their neighborhoods. The money comes from the controversial Countering Violent Extremism program, a federal effort which “aims to address the root causes of violent extremism by providing resources to communities to build and sustain local prevention efforts,” according to the DHS website. The CVE program has faced criticism in the past from the Cedar Riverside community for pushing negative stigma and profiling. Mar y McKinley, executive director of Heartland Democracy, said proposals were submitted during the Obama administration and

the programs had expected to hear back October 2016. However, the awardees did not hear until Januar y and were again put on hold as the Trump administration was implemented, McKinley said. Hear tland Democracy was awarded $165,435 in January but received $423,340 after DHS revised its allocations. With the added funding, McKinley said the organization hopes to expand efforts to more schools and reach more youth. “We do not have a strict curriculum,” McKinley said. “We explore topics not generally discussed in educational environments such as self-identity and violence.” The Hennepin County Sheriff’s Office, which received $347,600, could not be reached for comment. While a grant of this magnitude is rare, some organizations had a different reaction. According to the Star Tribune, Ka Joog, one of the original January recipients, rejected its nearly $500,000 of federal funding. The group said Trump was furthering stigma against immigrant communities. In September 2016, 200

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people marched in protest against Islamophobia and called on officials to end CVE. Dave Alderson, program development officer for Cedar-Riverside Neighborhood Revitalization Program, said in an email that he understood Ka Joog’s point of view and agreed that money given to an entirely Somali community can be seen as profiling and assuming their youth are more susceptible to violence than others. But funds, regardless of their intention, can also improve the neighborhood with much needed youth programs, Alderson said in the email. David Lapan, DHS’s press secretary, said all the recipients were reviewed again under new criteria earlier this year at the request of Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly. The new criteria centers on organizations’ history of prior efforts to implement prevention programs targeting violent extremism and their abilities to connect with law enforcement, said DHS Spokesperson, Lucy Martinez in an email. Contracts are expected to be signed this summer, and funds disbursed shortly after.

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U veterinary center

BY LAUREN OTTO lotto@mndaily.com

The University of Minnesota is set to treat one of the two dogs that were shot and injured Saturday by a police officer in North Minneapolis. Jennifer LeMay, owner of the Staffordshire Terriers, said one of the dogs, Ciroc, is slated to begin recovery treatment through the University of Minnesota Veterinary Medical Center on Wednesday morning. Ciroc and the other dog, Rocko, received emergency medical treatment on Saturday at Affiliated Emergency Veterinary Service in Golden Valley, she said. Ciroc was diagnosed with a shattered jaw and a skull fracture, while Rocko’s chest, shoulder and neck were injured, LeMay said. It is still uncertain what long-term treatment is needed for both dogs. “The legal aspect of it is not a priority right now,” LeMay said. “Two priorities: first and foremost is the physical recovery for the dogs, and the secondary is the wellbeing of my children because my children witnessed this.” The shooting went viral

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through Facebook posts and a GoFundMe campaign for the veterinary bills. The crowd sourced campaign raised over $28,000 as of Tuesday. LeMay said that the donations have been overwhelming. “We are truly, truly blessed and thankful for the compassion of everyone, nationwide and worldwide, that have made donations on behalf of the animals,” she said. “I wish I could thank everyone individually and personally.” The funds have not been released yet, and will be transferred into a trust account. “We want those who have given out of the kindness of their hearts to see where their efforts and donations go,” LeMay said. In a statement released Monday afternoon, Minneapolis Police Department Chief Janeé Harteau said the video was “difficult to watch.” The statement said the incident will be reviewed by Internal Affairs and the department will help pay the veterinarian bills. The MPD will also be starting mandatory training for dog-police encounters.

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EDITORIAL STAFF Anant Naik Editorials & Opinions Editor anaik@mndaily.com Aleezeh Hasan Editorial Board Member ahasan@mndaily.com BUSINESS Genevieve Locke Sales Manager glocke@mndaily.com Leah Dahlgren Creative Director ldahlgren@mndaily.com CORRECTIONS The Minnesota Daily strives for complete accuracy and corrects its errors immediately. Corrections and clarifications will always be printed in this space. If you believe the Daily has printed a factual error, please call the readers’ representative at (612) 627–4070, extension 3057, or email errors@mndaily.com immediately. THE MINNESOTA DAILY is a legally independent nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization and is a student-written and student-managed newspaper for the University of Minnesota’s Twin Cities campus. The Daily’s mission is: 1) to provide coverage of news and events affecting the University community; 2) to provide a forum for the communication and exchange of ideas for the University community; 3) to provide educational training and experience to University students in all areas of newspaper operations; and 4) to operate a fiscally responsible organization to ensure its ability to serve the University in the future. The Daily is a member of the Minnesota News Council, the Minnesota Associated Press, the Associated Collegiate Press, The Minnesota Newspaper Association and other organizations. The Daily is published Monday and Thursday during the regular school year and weekly during the summer, and it is printed by ECM Publishers in Princeton, Minn. Midwest News Service distributes the 13,000 issues daily. All Minnesota Daily inserts are recyclable within the University of Minnesota program and are at least 6 percent consumer waste. U.S. Postal Service: 351–480.


Wednesday, July 12, 2017

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U grad student leads fight against HIV Positively Hennepin, led by Jake Maxon, brings national HIV plans to the county. BY BELLA DALLY-STEELE Idally-steele@mndaily.com

From the White House to Hennepin County, a University of Minnesota graduate student is fighting the spread of HIV. With part of the $2.5 million in federal funding Hennepin County received in June, the board’s HIV prevention and treatment initiative, Positively Hennepin, hired University graduate student Jake Maxon as its strategy implementation coordinator. Nearly 4,349 Hennepin County residents live with HIV, making up 55 percent of the entire state’s HIV population. Of those living with HIV in the county, 53 percent are not virally suppressed and can pass on the virus. Despite these daunting numbers, Maxon said he’s more than ready to take on the challenge. Though just 27, he

has ample experience. During President Barack Obama’s last months in office, Maxon ser ved as an intern in the Office of National AIDS Policy, where he learned methods he wants to apply to Positively Hennepin’s program. Similar to the national program, Maxon said his plans hinge on working with existing government agencies and community organizations, like Clare Housing, a group that lodges those with HIV. “If we can make a dent in Hennepin county, it will have an overall impact on the states’ numbers as well,” said Chuck Peterson, executive director of Clare Housing. Maxon said he also wants to partner with other organizations, like drug and alcohol groups, that might unknowingly help HIV patients. Positively Hennepin’s approach will attack the issue by offering frequent testing, increasing distribution of preventative drugs and addressing circumstances that can keep those with HIV out of care, Maxon said. “When looking at HIV … in order to prevent

proliferation of infection it needs to be a sort of quilt or weaving together of all these aspects,” said Ejay Jack, program manager at Hennepin County Medical Center’s Positive Care Center. “All of these pieces need to come together.” Jack’s center, the largest in Minnesota, has already implemented this holistic approach, providing drug and alcohol counseling and insurance benefits counseling on top of typical medical care. Aside from par tnering on a county level, Maxon, Peterson and Jack are all working on a larger project: a state-wide push to end HIV. Peterson serves as co-chair on the initiative’s advisory board, leading the creation of a state-wide HIV housing strategy, while Maxon and Jack are helping to draft other parts of the plan. Maxon, Peterson and Jack’s participation in the statewide initiative is exemplary of the kind of collaboration across levels of government and community organizations Positively Hennepin wants to build, Maxon said. “Government is essential, but it’s not sufficient,”

U study addresses new form of trial evidence Francis Shen and team says memorytesting tech can have great impact. BY BELLA DALLY-STEELE idally-steele@mndaily.com

As memor y-testing gadgets and technology becomes increasingly common in cour thouses and police precincts, one University of Minnesota law professor is testing the gizmos to prevent misuse. Professor Francis Shen and a team of neuroscience and law students published a report in June showing jurors trust evidence from new memor y-testing technology enough to merit its implementation, but not so much that it threatens to overinfluence their vote. When it comes to introducing new neuro-technology to courts and police houses, Shen said, hitting this legal sweet spot is key. The technology in question, Electroencephalography Memory Recognition (EEG), is used to detect if a subject recognizes a given image or word by tracking activity in memory hotspots of the brain through a skull cap equipped with sensors, said Emily Twedell, a research professional on the project. The technology works as a more accurate and specialized lie detector, and could help lawyers or police determine if a subject is lying about recognizing unique stolen property, a victim or a crime scene, Shen said. “The idea is that law can do its job more effectively with the advent of new technology,” Shen said. “But of

course, we have to prevent inappropriate uses.” Shen said neuroscientists and law officials alike are hesitant to implement EEG for fear of misinforming jurors. Because neither jurors nor law officials are trained in neuroscience, they could be “seduced” by EEG results they don’t understand — that’s where Shen’s team comes in. To test whether jurors might be duped into overtrusting EEG data, Shen and his team conducted over 1,400 in person and online sur veys. The participants were provided with sample court cases that varied in evidentiary strength and the presence of EEG results that were incriminating or exonerating — with some completely omitting EEG data. The team found that though jurors were swayed by the EEG information, it generally decided their vote only when the two sides of the case were neck and neck. Twedell, a dual psychology and neuroscience major from the University of Iowa, said while these are the ideal results, she was surprised. “I thought it would be more influential to participants than it was,” she said. If EEG one day ends up in Minnesota courts and police houses, the impact could be incredible, Shen said. EEG is more trustworthy than traditional “lie detector” polygraph tests and much cheaper than similar neurogadgets, like fMRI machines. Larry Farwell, a biological psychologist pioneering a special strain of EEG technology known as “brain fingerprinting”, said the process costs about $500 per hour. One session can last up to

three hours and is preempted by a crucial, possibly weeklong, investigation into images or words to use in the session. But the test’s accuracy is limited since it doesn’t reveal why a subject recognizes an image or word, Shen said. A specially trained proctor is also needed to ensure the right words and images are used. Because of these limitations, EEG is not widely used. Farwell said a select few scientists, including him, are trained in conducting brain fingerprinting, and only take on the most important cases, like counterterrorism contracts with federal governments. But, Far well said EEG could make waves if it becomes more common. EEG reaches its full potential when used during the early stages of an investigation, as innocent suspects will not have had access to crucial information about the case, which makes choosing key words and images easier, Farwell said. “Applying brain fingerprinting early in a case in law enforcement is the most efficient way to do it. When we go to court, it takes a whole lot more time, effort and work on everybody’s part to present the case,” he said. University of Minnesota Police Department Lieutenant Chuck Miner said although the UMPD doesn’t currently use any lie-detector devices, it is always looking for new gadgets to upgrade investigations. While it’s up to individual police departments whether to use EEG, Shen’s research could help get the technology into courtrooms in the future.

UMN adds new sexual health minor Minor u from Page 1

covering a variety of subjects, including HIV, AIDS, reproductive health and women’s and LGBT studies. The minor will also include a course Rosser star ted a year ago: Sex, Sexuality and Sexual Health. The course was Rosser’s first response to student interest on the topics and eventually paved the way for the minor. Timothy Presley, a University alumnus who took the course, said it focused on interpretations of sexual health and sexuality across cultures, as well as helpful training on how to maturely broach these topics. The class used a “flipped classroom” appr oach wher e lectur es were delivered online and class time was devoted to discussion, Presley said, which gave the

most chance for studentprofessor interaction. Rosser said the only drawback of the course was its length – at the time, it spanned just two months. Today, the course is semester-long. Because of the various possible applications of the minor’s subject matter, Rosser said he expects interest from students across disciplines. The majority of students will likely be epidemiology and community health students, he said, but students from related disciplines, like education, may find the minor just as helpful. “Sexuality is relevant to ever ybody, so whatever field you’re in, there’s an aspect related [to sexual health],” said Kristin Anderson, professor and associate dean for learning systems and student affairs. Anderson said the major continues to build on the University’s histor y of leading sexual health

research and education. “What this provides is a way to coalesce some courses ... a way to package them that gives people a more comprehensive education,” Anderson said. She said aside from centralizing sexual health courses, she hopes the minor will spotlight t h e i mpor t a n c e of u s ing public health strategies to promote community health and prevent disease. “Our mission is to see what we can do to provide the best educational opportunities, and see gaps that exist in training in public health and [to see] how we can fill those,” she said. Undergraduate interest in related sexual health courses has been palpable, but the University is not yet ready to explore an undergraduate equivalent of the minor, Rosser said. Neha Panigrahy contributed to this report.

CHRIS DANG, DAILY

Grant Implementation Coordinator Jake Maxon poses in Minneapolis on Friday, July 7th.

he said. “And that’s why we have to build these partnerships.” Among the private organizations he’s targeting are youth and University groups. “The intellect and energy of UMN students is another vital resource that can be leveraged to end Hennepin County’s HIV epidemic.”

he said in an email. “No one is an island, and the health of all Hennepin County and Minnesota residents depends on this spirit of cooperation.” He said University student groups he especially wants to partner with include faith groups, groups centered on students of color,

LGBT students and political groups from both ends of the spectrum. Through this vast web of partnerships, Maxon said Positively Hennepin wants to increase the number virally repressed patients to 70 percent and cut the number of new infections by 5 percent by 2018.

Doula

research, 16,248 children in Minnesota have an incarcerated parent. These kids face higher risks of developing mental illness and substance abuse later in life, she said. The MPDP star ted in 2010, after Project Director Erica Gerrity regularly volunteered at the Shakopee Correctional Facility and began to notice inmates struggling and stressed with pregnancy. In 2011, the group’s first full year, doulas attended 17 births. The number has since risen and by 2016, the group attended 32. “Our project is a little tiny example of how we can think differently about the intergenerational implications of incarceration for families,” Gerrity said. While prisons do offer healthcare services to pregnant inmates and new mothers, she said the disadvantages to being a mother or pregnant in prison are clear. Inmates are unable to choose their own care provider or have their family present when they deliver their child. Often they have difficulty getting access to OBGYN doctors and midwives, Gerrity said. “Our goal is to support them to have healthy pregnancies, healthy parent-child relationships and to be better-prepared moms upon release,” Shlafer said.

Tracy Beltz, warden of the Shakopee Correctional Facility, said giving access to doulas took them out of their comfort zone. The doulas had to get clearance to touch inmates, which is typically against regulations, she said. “It was a risky endeavor on the part of the facility.” Beltz said while Shakopee’s facility does better than other prisons in providing for parents and their kids — they don’t shackle pregnant inmates and they offer extended visits for kids to interact with their parents — the partnership with doulas is “extraordinarily beneficial.” The project’s main focus is on pregnant mothers, but it also provides post-birth suppor t and helps mothers develop relationships with their children, Shlafer said. The project hopes to expand into a national nonprofit organization, and has already started to expand services into states like Wisconsin and Alabama. After Brittany Seaver was released from Shakopee, she had a fourth child with Baker’s help once again. Now, Seaver herself hopes to one day be a doula for other mothers.

u from Page 1

relationships between the mothers and the newborns. This support comes in many forms and can be as simple as a blanket that smells like the mother to help a baby feel closer to their parent, Baker said. The MPDP is partnered with the University of Minnesota’s Center for Urban and Regional Affairs, and sends around 25 doulas to five regular institutions around the state, along with others less regularly. Their work comes as women and mothers are being incarcerated at increasing rates. Rebecca Shlafer, research director of MPDP and assistant professor in the University’s Department of Pediatrics, said the incarceration rate for women has risen drastically in the past 30 years, and most of the women are parenting age. As a result, 77 percent of female prisoners in Minnesota are mothers to young children and 5.6 percent of female prisoners report pregnancy. Most of these women are their children’s primary caregivers, Shlafer said. This state number outpaces the national average of 62 percent motherhood rate for incarcerated women. According to Shlafer’s


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Wednesday, July 12, 2017

Sports HOCKEY

CHRIS DANG, DAILY

Jack Sadek trains on Saturday, July 8 in the Excel Energy Center. The Minnesota Wild Development Camp runs from July 8 to 13.

CHRIS DANG, DAILY

Jack Sadek trains on Saturday, July 8 in the Excel Energy Center. The Minnesota Wild Development Camp runs from July 8 to 13.

Wild development camp features Gophers players

A Minnesota men’s hockey alumnus is at the camp for a second time. BY JACK WARRICK jwarrick@mndaily.com

The Gophers are well represented at this year’s Minnesota Wild development camp, with cur rent Gophers Leon Bristedt and Jack Sadek, and recent alumnus Justin Kloos all attending. The camp r uns annually at the Xcel Energy Center in St. Paul, and it

features 42 skaters this year. The Wild invites its top prospects, draft picks and signees to develop and get a better look at how they are progressing in the six-day camp which runs from July 8-13. “ E s s e n t i a l l y, w e ’ r e their prospects, so [they’re] kind of showing us what they look for in their players, and things for us to bring back for our winter programs and work on ther e,” Kloos said. Prospects go through on-ice practices and scrimmages led by Wild

TENNIS

staf f, as well as of f-ice activities such as sports psychology, media training and nutrition education. Bristedt, one of the Gophers’ alternate captains, is skating in his first professional development camp this week. He will be sharing the ice with the top prospects in the Minnesota Wild program. “I don’t think too much of where they’re drafted or who they are [at the camp],” Bristedt said. “I see myself out there as well, I’m just not drafted. I’m not thinking about that too much. I’m just

thinking of them as any other player.” Kloos, a for mer twotime captain for the Gophers, signed a deal with the Iowa Wild at the end of last year, an AHL af filiate of the Minnesota Wild. He played nine games with the Iowa Wild, tallying one |goal. Brad Bombardir, the director of player development with the W ild, said Kloos is a great addition to the Iowa Wild. “They’re in our backyar d,” Bombar dir said. “It’s nice to have some of

CHRIS DANG, DAILY

Players huddle and listen on Saturday, July 8 in the Excel Energy Center. The Minnesota Wild Development Camp runs from July 8 to 13.

these guys involved with the team. It’s nice to have them come to development camp.” A third Gophers’ skater at the camp is Jack Sadek, who was drafted by the Minnesota W ild in the seventh round of the 2015 NHL draft. The Gophers junior defenseman is in his third year attending the development camp. “I was used to being the younger guy the past two years, but now I got to take the older guy role,” Sadek said. “Show the younger guys what

to do because I’ve been through the ropes.” The three Gophers players will continue to play in the development camp and prepare for the camp’s second scrimmage on July 13, which is open to the public. Bombardir said the team likes having Gophers players come to the camp to compete. “They’re Minnesota players, too,” Bombardir said. “We’ve ended up signing some good players out of there.”

WRESTLING

Former tennis coach takes job in Chattanooga Chuck Merzbacher coached Gophers women’s tennis for five seasons. BY JACK WHITE jwhite@mndaily.com

C h u c k M e r z b a c h e r, the former women’s tennis coach for the Gophers, accepted a job as the head coach of the University of Tennessee, Chattanooga men’s tennis program. Merzbacher was introduced as Chattanooga’s new coach on Thursday. He had announced his retirement on April 11 and resigned as the head coach of the Gophers women’s tennis team at the end of the 2017 season. He coached the Gophers, his alma mater, for five seasons before leaving. “I was planning on retiring, that was the goal,” Merzbacher said. “I took a look at Chattanooga; it’s a great tennis town. I have some really good friends ther e that ar e tennis people.” Merzbacher said Chattanooga first reached out to him around July 4. “My lifestyle [with Chattanooga] will be a lot different than with a Power Five job [at Minnesota],” Merzbacher said. “I think I

“I took a look at Chattanooga; it’s a great tennis town. I have some really good friends there that are tennis people.” CHUCK MERZBACHER Forner women’s tennis coach Senior Logan Storley wrestles against Illinois at the Sports Pavilion on Jan. 18, 2015.

was completely worn out on the way the Power Five jobs operate.” Minnesota has since hired Catrina Thompson as the team’s new head coach, becoming the first woman to lead the women’s tennis team since Ellie Peden from 1975-83. Thompson arrived at Minnesota after coaching at Yale, Boise State and Notre Dame. She spent her collegiate playing career with the Fighting Irish. “Thompson has the freedom to do whatever she wants to do,” Merzbacher said. “I just want to help her however I can. ... She was really a great player and she’s a young coach.” Merzbacher’s daughter, Caitlyn Merzbacher, is currently a junior on the Gophers women’s tennis team.

“Thompson has the freedom to do whatever she wants to do. I just want to help her however I can ... She was really a great player and she’s a young coach.” CHUCK MERZBACHER Forner women’s tennis coach

LIAM JAMES DOYLE, DAILY FILE PHOTO

Former U wrestler transitions to MMA Logan Storley will make his debut undefeated with Bellator MMA July 14. BY DREW COVE dcove@mndaily.com

After four years as an All-American wrestler for Minnesota, Logan Storley is taking on a dif fer ent fighting technique. Storley signed with Bellator MMA in late June, and is prepping for his first match with the club on July 14 . The 2015 Minnesota graduate — will debut for the club at Bellator 181 at the Winstar Casino in Thacker ville, Oklahoma. “[Signing with Bellator] made sense for right now,” Storley said. “They offered me some things the [Ultimate Fighting Championship] couldn’t of fer me at this time in my career, and I had to do what was right for me financially and for this point in my career.” While he is 5-0-0, Storley will face Kemmyelle Haley, whose record

is 7-4-0. “I’m excited,” Storley said. “I know where I’m at, and I know how much time I’ve put in, and I’m ver y confident heading into this fight, and there’s no doubt about it, that I’m going to find a way to win one way or another.” The plan had always been to fight, and Storley is now doing just that. “When I first recruited [Storley], there was one thing we talked about. He had strong interests, as a high school kid, of fighting in MMA and that was one of his goals,” said Gophers head coach Brandon Eggum . “I know he had [done] a little bit of fighting while he was in high school in an event or two, so that has always been a passion of his.” Compete, Win, Repeat S t o r l e y i s u n d e f e a ted in his weight class,

welter weight. He is listed as 170 pounds on mmafighting.com, close to his collegiate weight of 174 . Eggum said Storley is a top-level competitor. “When he wrestled for us, that’s the thing that you noticed about him, the bigger the match, the better he competed,” Eggum said. Storley was the recipient of the team’s ‘Most Exciting Wrestler’ twice, and the ‘Most Courageous Wrestler’ once in his four years with Minnesota . Storley said his experience translated well to MMA. “It’s not like that for ever yone, but I knew what I wanted to do, and I wanted to fight,” Storley said. “It was definitely something that was on my mind the whole time, but, my style definitely has translated well into MMA.” Storley cr edited the ‘hard-nosed’ style of wrestling and competition taught in the Gophers’

wrestling program that impacted eased his transition to fighting in the MMA. Talk About Fight Club Former Gophers wrestler Brock Lesnar and Storley both attended the same high school in Webster, South Dakota , and a connection prevails despite their age difference. “I’ve always wanted to compete in the MMA,” Storley said. “[Brock Lesnar went to] the University of Minnesota, and then he went into fighting… He set a good standard.” The two fighters have been in contact, meeting with one another a few times a year, when Lesnar was able to attend some of Logan’s duals, Storley said. “I’m on my own path,” Storley said. “I’m doing my own thing, but it’s definitely nice to have a guy like that. If [I] have any questions, he’s seen it all.”


Editorials & Opinions COLUMN

Israel dissenters silenced with new law The law is intended to limit discrimination, but its potential consequences are far-reaching.

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eginning July 1, a bill that bans state vendors from boycotting Israel was enacted as law in Minnesota. The law bans the state of Minnesota, including colleges and universities, from contracting with vendors boycotting Israel, requiring anyone who enters a contract worth more than $1,000 with the state to certify they would not engage in discrimination against Israel. Besides regulating foreign commerce, a power which is supposed to lie solely with Congress, the law unabashedly infringes upon First Amendment rights of expression, assembly and association. Vendors are now coerced into surrendering their First Amendment rights as a condition of doing business with the state of Minnesota. Rep. Ron Kresha, R-Little Falls, who introduced the bill, has said that it was intended as an anti-discrimination measure, yet consequentially other groups are now discriminated against with the support of the state. The law specifically targets supporters of the Palestinian-led nonviolent protest group BDS (Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions), which seeks to end international support for Israeli policies regarding the West Bank settlements.

ELLEN AILTS columnist The University of Minnesota has already had run-ins with the group, notably last year when the Minnesota Student Association voted to remove a BDS resolution from the agenda, rather than debate or vote on it. MSA also passed an amended version of a BDS resolution regarding divestment from companies complicit in human rights violations, sponsored by the pro-Palestine group UMN Divest, removing any references to specific corporations and countries, including Israel, results which UMN Divest protested. Peaceful boycotts should be allowed and protected by the government, not marginalized and criminalized. No matter your opinion of the Israeli/Palestinian conflict, the individuals within the BDS movement should be allowed to exercise their First Amendment rights, just like anyone else. Imposing regulations to suppress the voices of these individuals will only serve to fan the flames of their anger. Minnesota’s ACLU chapter staunchly opposed the bill and members of the Jewish

community testified against the bill, arguing that the BDS is not anti-Semitic. The law specifically included Minnesota State colleges and universities in its definition of state agencies, which could lead to more conflicts regarding freedom of speech, since speech can be construed to be a form of discrimination. Many public intellectuals on college campuses advocate for boycotting Israel, as well as potential speakers and lecturers, who are often legally treated as vendors by universities, so students and faculty alike are now limited in whom they can invite to speak if Minnesota legislators decide to apply this law to campus speech. When the government is attempting to suppress free speech, we should recognize the ramifications of such actions. To be forced to conform to a certain political stance or else be deemed criminal is inherently unconstitutional and authoritarian. This could easily catalyze a domino effect regarding how the government chooses to silence dissenters in the future, depending upon which groups are most politically advantageous to support — a potential consequence that shouldn’t be looked upon lightly by anyone who recognizes the importance of free speech. Ellen Ailts welcomes comments at eailts@mndaily.com.

2017 U.S. GUN VIOLENCE Total gun-related incidents: 32,740 Total number of deaths: 8,133 Total number of mass shootings: 192 Data compiled by gunviolencearchive.org

DAILY DISCUSSION

Editor’s Note: This editorial was originally published in the Mankato Free Press CONTACT THE EDITOR Anant Naik anaik@mndaily.com

The Pentagon release nuclear inspection results to the public

EDITORIALS New housing law is discriminatory

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isabled people face multiple types of discrimination throughout their lives. In November, a bill was passed that allowed the city of St. Paul to prohibit those who use government assistance for physical and mental disabilities from being able to move into new houses in the community. Many of the houses in the area are not well suited for the needs for disabled people, and those that are attempting to live in the city will only be able to if another tenant using the same ser vices moves out. While there is some debate as to whether the ordinance is discriminator y against disabled people specifically, it is creating a barrier for those who may have physical and mental limitations. The point of the bill was to save on the expenses of alterations that need to be made to certain houses and units. City officials are blaming the shortage of housing on economic issues rather than ones relating to prejudice. Integration of disabled people into the community is vital to create an inclusive space. Specifically, community action is necessar y in this situation. This could be in the form of government protest, or it could happen through neighbors helping one another to add more options within the city. Creating better options for transportation and accessible spaces that specifically cater to the disabled would allow them to have a space within the St. Paul community. Housing could also be improved by creating forms of funding to accommodate disabilities in homes.

M Lea Graber welcomes comments at lgraber@mndaily.com.

COLUMN

The real way to go the distance Long distance relationships can be difficult, but perhaps that’s how they should be.

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’ve spent two summers in long distance relationships, this being my second. Two dif ferent summers, two dif ferent relationships. There’s been so much writing and rumination on long distance dating, how to ease the difficulty of it and so on. But maybe the dif ficulty is not only okay to experience but a little bit necessar y. This time last year, my par tner and I spent over three months apar t. I was on the West Coast and he was in the Midwest. Turns out, we didn’t need any list of tips and tricks to make the distance work — it all went swimmingly. There was no urgency to find a way to see each other, ver y minimal texting and perhaps one phone call a week. I forced myself to just put the guy out of my mind and go about my business. And that cer tainly made for great efficiency, but what about feeling missed and wanted, the intensity of longing for someone?

KATE MCCARTHY columnist

I had always told myself that a longing like that equaled codependency, lack of autonomy and all sor ts of bad things. I wasn’t some flimsy waif who couldn’t exist without her relationship! But as I’m lear ning a year later, there’s a way to sustain desire and longing, ways to nurse that little spot where the other person resided, in a way that is healthy and nurturing. You can miss someone, feel the delicious agitation of just wanting to be with them, express that and then par t ways to go about your long-distance lives. A little discomfort is perhaps how it should be. Kate McCarthy welcomes comments at kmccarthy@mndaily.com.

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

The U.S. militar y’s nuclear operations have a histor y of poor inspection results and low morale. This is no secret. Until now. The nuclear arms operations have repeatedly been embar rassed by rout ine inspections that revealed occasional poor performance, security lapses, flawed training and depressed morale. Three years ago, then-Defense Secretar y Chuck Hagel ordered in-depth reviews of the Pentagon’s nuclear operations. The result: The basic reports of those routine inspections are now classified. Problem solved. No more embarrassing news stories. In reality, the problem isn’t solved by hiding the information. It’s just hidden. The of ficial rationale for the secrecy

5

Don’t hurry into $15 Min. Wage

State finances: Avoid risk of large deficits Minnesotans have become acutely aware of the pain state budget shortages can inflict on their schools, roads and vulnerable populations. So it’s incumbent on our elected leaders to reduce the risk of a budget deficit. Gov. Mark Dayton has raised the issue of returning to budget deficits even though the state is just coming off a nearly $2 billion surplus. Dayton argues he vetoed the Legislature’s funding to get the GOP-led House and Senate to renegotiate a tax bill he says creates a risk to state finances. The GOP has sued Dayton for the move arguing it violates the state constitution’s separation of powers provisions. However the lawsuit turns out, the deficit worry should be taken seriously. Overhaul of the federal Affordable Care Act stands as the biggest risk right now. Experts note plans to cut Medicaid in both Senate and House proposals would cost Minnesota about $2 billion in as little as 18 months, wiping out Minnesota rainy day fund reserves. The Minnesota Department of Human Services raises that estimate to a $10.4 billion loss of federal funds by 2025. Dayton also contends the state needs to put more into reserves to shield itself from any downturn in the national economy, where he says, $2 billion can go quickly. GOP Sen. Majority Leader Paul Gazelka doesn’t see the threats to the state’s economy that Dayton sees, and, he argues, we can’t predict the national economy or do much about federal health care spending anyway. The state will have to adjust its budget with what comes, he says, as it has in the past.

Wednesday, July 12, 2017

to hide vulnerabilities from our enis emies. But that rings false. The hidden infor mation is not technology, not militar y infor mation. It’s managerial failure. Bureaucracies, militar y or civilian, are seldom self-healing. It takes outside pressure to force them to change. That pressure is less likely to come if the problems are unknown. The misguided decision to put future inspection results of f-limits to the public is probably a direct result of President Donald Trump’s reliance on former generals to head his national security team. Defense Secretar y James Mattis had a distinguished career in the Marine Corps, but he is fully steeped in the Pentagon bureaucracy. A civilian defense secretar y would be far less likely to look to shield his unifor med underlings from dif ficult

THE EDITORIALS AND OPINIONS DEPARTMENT IS INDEPENDENT OF THE NEWSROOM

The official rationale for the secrecy is to hide vulnerabilities from our enemies. But that rings false. disclosures. Hagel’s comments last week about the classification of routine inspection results suggest that he would have be war y of such a move. Have the problems in the nuclear arms operations been repaired or improved? We may never know, and that the Pentagon is determined to hide that information henceforth suggests that it is not par ticularly interested in solving the problems. That ser ves no one’s interests except those in charge.

inneapolis recently passed an ordinance to bring the minimum wage to $15 by 2024, which has drawn the criticism of many. The key case in mind when comparing economic impacts is Seattle, which for many years has been climbing to $15. It’s important to note that the evidence is highly conflicted. Studies haven’t provided the magical statistic that people can point to for a definitive answer. This is partly why Minneapolis should be far more careful when increasing the minimum wage. While certainly increasing the pay for workers seems like a good idea in principle, the data indicates that inflation competes with the wage increase. A new study from University of Washington researchers commissioned by Seattle showed that low-wage workers lost $125 each month. Again, while there are legitimate problems with this study, it should make our city cautious before moving forward. It’s also important to note that low-skilled jobs are disappearing due to automation. A minimum wage does very little to ensure jobsecurity. If anything, the requirement to pay people even more than the current minimum wage could push employers further to automation. Though the decision has been made, Minneapolis should take care in raising the minimum wage without considering the conflicting evidence. They should also consider how to mitigate one of the inevitable trends of automation which is likely to upend more jobs. If the goal is to improve the quality of life for low-income workers, we must be sure that any change will bring results. EDITORIALS & OPINIONS DEPARTMENT Editorials represent the voice of the Minnesota Daily as an institution and are prepared by the editorial board.

SHARE YOUR VIEWS The Minnesota Daily welcomes letters and guest columns from readers. All letters must include the writer’s name, address and phone number for verification. The Daily reserves the right to edit all letters for style, space, libel and grammar. Letters to the editor should be no more than 500 words in length. Guest columns should be approximately 350 words. The Daily reserves the right to print any submission as a letter or guest column. Submission does not guarantee publication.

letters@mndaily.com Fax: (612) 435-5865 Phone: (612) 435-1578 Letters and columns to the editor 2221 University Ave. SE Suite 450 Minneapolis, MN 55414

Editor’s Note: This editorial was originally published in the Mankato Free Press LOOK FOR ONLINE EXCLUSIVE COLUMNS AT WWW.MNDAILY.COM/OPINION


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Wednesday, July 12, 2017

THEATER

Film noir meets Fringe

Written and directed by U students, “Hot Air” features moron detectives, a murder mystery and dumb fun BY KATIE LAUER klauer@mndaily.com

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ome say the best ideas begin as sketches on napkins. That’s exactly how “Hot Air,” a film noir-inspir ed play cr eated by University of Minnesota students, got its start. Ar t junior Fletcher Wolfe had written “Hot Air” as a shor t stor y when English and theater junior Nick Saxton, came to him wanting to write a play. The two juniors star ted their r e search and never looked back. The play will debut at the Nolte Xperiment a l T h e a t r e o n We s t Bank on Aug. 3 and will r un on Aug. 6, 8, 11 and 13. Starting in Januar y, the pair — armed with plenty of cof fee — would watch a few film noirs ever y Friday. They’d take notes, gathering what they liked and disliked about the style. “I feel like you have to lear n the system before you can break it,” Saxton said. “We can’t make fun of film noir unless we know ever y single detail and intimacy involved | in it.” This genr e of “dark film” usually features crime dramas that ar e dark in subject matter, lighting and social morality. Wa t c h i n g f i l m n o i r pieces like “Laura” and “Wet Hot American Summer,” as well as personal

favorites “Nice Guys” and “Bur n After Reading,” Wolfe and Saxton developed a sense of plot lines, quotes, character nuances and overall feelings they enjoyed. “Once we got the skeleton of what a film noir is, we could just have fun with that,” Saxton said. And fun they had. The resulting murder myster y has gunshots made from balloons, flashlights with google-y eyes and even a re-enactment of Pearl Harbor with shadow puppets. “I think you can respect something and also think it’s really dumb,” Saxton said. “It’s a tricky line, but it’s one wor th exploring.” The production is not tr ying to make fun of or parody film noir; Wolfe and Saxton ar e taking their appreciation for the style and having fun with it. While Wolfe was responsible for the lines themselves, he and Saxton collaborated to develop the plot and characters. In the end, Wolfe said writing the play, while initially intimidating and unexpected, combined his two loves: ar t and writing. After seven months of hard work — and slightly lower grades — the two had put together a play that brought their voices and vision to the stage. While they may be college students, they made it a point to not create

MADDY FOX, DAILY

Andrew Friedman delivers a monologue during a rehearsal in Blegen Hall on Tuesday, July 11, for the upcoming Fringe Festival production “Hot Air.”

“college theater”; they just created “theater.” “The main thing we talked about in our first ever meeting was that we never wanted to have any comment on us or any thought of, ‘oh, it’s our first one,’ or, ‘we’re just in college,’” Saxton said. “We never wanted to have an excuse for not putting in enough work.” Now, looking for ward to next month’s festival, they both said the countless hours of research and work have paid off.

“ We ’ r e t w o d u d e s who are ver y passionate about what we’re doing,” Wolfe said. “It’s going to be the best that we have the physical capability of doing.” Saxton agreed. “I think we’ve really just tried to constr uct a play that’s just a series of things that are all connected,” Saxton said. “It’s going to be a unique, dumb experience.” F l e t c h e r Wo l f e i s a former Minnesota Daily employee.

MADDY FOX, DAILY

The cast of the play “Hot Air” watch a scene from a film noir in Blegen Hall on Tuesday, July 11 to gain inspiration for their upcoming production for the Fringe Festival.

ART

The art of skating The Minneapolis X Games will celebrate action sports and art — together. BY KATIE LAUER klauer@mndaily.com

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he X Games will soon bring skateboarding, BMX and Mo t o X e v e n t s t o th e Twin Cities, but ar t will also come with these staples. Mark Rivard, a local skateboard artist, will take part in one of a handful of featured art installations at the Games. The exhibits will showcase a studentcreated skateboard ar t galler y and let visitors create their own board designs. While Rivard uses skateboard decks as canvases for his Sharpie creations, he said connections between the art and skateboarding worlds expand past the board-as-blankpage. “Action spor ts in general — whether in

Minneapolis or anywhere in the world — are some of the ver y few physical activities that bridge ar ts and culture with athletics,” Rivard said. After helping city planning teams “pitch” Minneapolis to ESPN for the X Games, he said the local art scene was a key reason the Twin Cities were chosen as the Games’ summer 2017 host. The area’s music and art scene gave the Games a space to share new stories. “Here in Minneapolis, that’s kind of number one,” he said. “I think we value our culture more than our sporting events.” In addition to the physical art installations, Rivard said there will be another form of art on display: the skateboarders themselves. Because it’s an individual sport, the ability to create a personal brand and aesthetic is impor tant in skateboarding. “Your board cer tainly tells a stor y,” he said. “The ar t on your board, the brand that you’re skating

CULTURE COMPASS /

— it all kind of plays into your personality.” “Most people that identify as a skateboarder probably would identify themselves more as artists than as athletes,” he said. Professional skater and Minnesota native Davis Torgerson agreed. “I think you can look at skateboarding in two ways: [as] a spor t and [as] an art,” Torgerson said. “You get to choose what you do and how you do it.” A street skater, he said he loves the ability to create a picture in his mind, practice what he envisions and work toward mastering those tricks and runs. “It’s like painting a picture,” the Plymouth, native skater said. “You get to choose your canvas; you get to choose what you’re painting on.” In addition to the act of skating itself, Torgerson plays with the graphic side of the sport. “Being from Minnesota, I’ve pretty much exhausted every Minnesotan graphic I can think of. From loons to

ELLEN SCHMIDT, DAILY

Mark Rivard instructs children how to draw during a workshop on Tuesday, July 11 at the Harold Mezile North Community YMCA Youth & Teen Enrichment Center. The visual artist runs workshops locally and abroad to inspire children to follow their dreams through experiential learning that points toward art.

lakes to the northern lights.” Whether in a skater’s board, fashion or actual skating ability and style, art is deeply embedded in skateboarding as a whole.

Rivard said this makes the culture something everyone can enjoy. “I think that even if you’re not a fan of the athletic side of it, this is a

cultural festival,” Rivard said. “I think that’s important to bring to the forefront. It’s all about an entire culture of people that comes together.”

By Sophia Vilensky

Friday

Saturday

Sunday

“The Bechdel Show”

Costume sale

“Trivia Against Humanity”

Hosted by a group of University of Minnesota students, “The Bechdel Show” is a sketch comedy show inspired by the Bechdel test — a system created by Allison Bechdel to evaluate the representation of women in film and television. The show seeks to critique common tropes in the media, and the Bryant Lake Bowl serves fantastic dessert.

If you’re trying to be anything like Heidi Klum this Halloween, you’re already way behind on costume planning. Luckily, several local costume designers are coming together this Saturday to help you out. Who knows, maybe you’ll even be inspired to write your own play — it’s never too early to think about entering next year’s Fringe Festival.

With an ever changing array of creative cocktails and art installations, Can Can Wonderland is a hot place to be on a summer night. As the host of the “newest game night in the Twin Cities,” the quirky space is bringing you the weirder side of pop culture, offering points for funny answers — even if they’re not correct.

Where Bryant Lake Bowl, 810 W. Lake St., Minneapolis Hours 7 p.m. Cost $8

Where Sandbox Theatre, 3109 E. 42 St., Minneapolis Hours 10 a.m. to 6 p.m Cost Free

Where Can Can Wonderland, 755 Prior Ave. N., St. Paul Hours 8 p.m. Cost Free

A&E EDITOR

Sophia Vilensky svilensky@mndaily.com

RADIO K TOP 7

1. Denzel Curry, Zeltron 6 Billion (feat. Lil Ugly Mane) 2. Japanese Breakfast, 12 Steps 3. Schneider Kacirek, I Atlanten (feat. Sofie Jernberg)

4. Beach House, Wherever You Go 5. Palm, Walnut 6. Washed Out, Get Lost 7. Blonde Redhead, 3 O’Clock


Wednesday, July 12, 2017

CROSSWORD Los Angeles Times Daily Crossword Puzzle FOR 2017 FORRELEASE RELEASEJULY JULY12, 6, 2017

Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Lewis

HOROSCOPES Today’s Birthday (7/12): Renovation and renewal bless your home this year. Discipline with health goals produces bigger-than-expected results. Changes with family finances over summer lead to surging personal income.

To get the advantage, check the day’s rating: 10 is the easiest day, 0 the most challenging. Written by Nancy Black

Aries (3/21 - 4/19): Today is a 6 — Take quiet time to think things over. Review priorities, and focus on keeping old commitments over the next few days. Rest and recharge.

Libra (9/23 - 10/22): Today is a 7 — Pay extra care to health and fitness today and tomorrow. Maintain exercise routines. Keep to your plan. Especially if work seems intense, nurture your body.

Taurus (4/20 - 5/20): Today is an 8 — Group activities, social events and meetings go well today and tomorrow. Take extra time for bonding and fun. Get out and enjoy the company.

Scorpio (10/23 - 11/21): Today is an 8 — Express your heart. Let another know how much they mean to you. Share intimate confidences and secret details.

Gemini (5/21 - 6/21): Today is an 8 — Take on more responsibility today and tomorrow for a rise in influence. Accept greater leadership. Study for the test. Someone important is paying attention.

Sagittarius (11/22 - 12/21): Today is a 7 — Get creative with your home. Nurture your garden and add new details. Make repairs and upgrades. Clean closets and drawers; reduce clutter.

Cancer (6/22 - 7/22): Today is a 7 — Your wanderlust is getting worse. Travel and academic pursuits both look good for the next few days. Explore a subject of your fascination.

Capricorn (12/22 - 1/19): Today is a 9 — You’re especially creative today and tomorrow. Your gifts light up the page (or stage). Express yourself through art, words or music.

Leo (7/23 - 8/22): Today is a 7 — Handle finances over the next few days. Get a partner to help. Focus on urgent priorities, and divvy up tasks. Manage the paperwork.

Aquarius (1/20 - 2/18): Today is an 8 — The next two days could get especially profitable. Save any extra income for future expenses. Enjoy simple luxuries like hot water and good food.

Virgo (8/23 - 9/22): Today is an 8 — Strategize with your partner. Collaboration is key over the next few days. Together, you can get much farther than you would solo.

Pisces (2/19 - 3/20): Today is a 9 — Take charge of your destiny. You’re ready to make changes for the better today and tomorrow. You’re getting stronger too.

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33 with a corner 32 VIP Law-and-order office, gps. perhaps 37 NFL Pancake-making 34 six-pointers aid 35 Guatemala gold 38 Mister Nurtured 37 Rogers 40 Take Mother of Pearl, 38 it easy in anSmith’s 1850 novel 39 Mrs. rival 41 “It’s PC part? 40 not news to 43 me Cantina ... ” quaff 44 Blended Head of 42 England? 43 Gray area? 48 Drummer’s Masonry sound 44 support after a one-liner

7/12/17 7/6/17

45 49 Med. Wordimaging with coat procedure or shirt 50 Some Gaelicsummer tongue 46 51 births Bunch of bits 52 Triangle “What __side could I 48 say?” to shoot 50 Prepare 53 with Evaluate a Canon 54 Maker D.C. Metro stops 51 of chips 55 Cacophony Escher and 52 Hammer 55 Major Hindu deity 56 Lawn Fair-hiring 58 roll letters 57 Bullring Protein-building 59 cry molecule 60 Puppy bite

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7/12/2017

Last issue’s solution © 2017 Michael Mepham. Distributed by Tribune Media Services. All rights reserved.

DR. DATE Dr. Date,

My girlfriend is living with her parents for the summer, and last weekend, when we were hanging at her suburban home, something bad happened. Naturally, we started hooking up on her bed. Things were getting pretty hot — clothes off, intense making out, almost sex — when her intensely religious, super-awkward dad walked into the bedroom. I wanted to die. We just stared at each other — both my girlfriend and I still naked and on top of each other — for a few seconds until red-faced Jeff (dad) let out a weird “welp” and quickly shut the door. My girlfriend and I shuffled to put our clothes back on, and I left by climbing out the window. (There was no way I could face her parents, who were sitting in the living room, after that.) It’s been a week now, and I haven’t been over there since. I didn’t really have a strong relationship with my girlfriend’s parents before, but now I feel like it’s unsalvageable. Is this something worth ending my sixmonth relationship over? She’s pretty tight with her parents, and I don’t see myself

coming back after this.

—Papa Problems

Suburban Nightmare,

While many things appall me about suburbia — emphatically the lack of trees, the existence of the strip mall and the overwhelming presence of prefabricated houses — what shocks me the most is the utter death of the conventional social graces. Does “red-face” Jeff know that “knocking before entering” is always in good form? I understand your concern, but please rise out of the depths of abject misery and ponder your answer to this question: Why dissolve a perfectly healthy, beautiful relationship just be-cause some weird old man saw you having sex? Will the mental image of his daughter being defiled ever be forgotten? Probably not, but if your girlfriend’s father is any bit of a reasonable person, he will probably realize that his daughter can no longer conform to his vision of religiously motivated chasteness. Lastly, next time you engage in coital

acts, please make sure you’re in a locked room.

—Dr. Date

Dr. Date,

I work at a bagel shop, and my boss is this super-creepy dude who always smells like pizza rolls. A few nights ago, he asked me to go to dinner with him to talk “business,” and because he’s my boss, I felt obligated to go. Over the course of the meal, I learned about his glory days in high school as a World of Warcraft competitor, his fascination with ponies and his relationship with his mother. It was his version of a date; I’m sure of it. Toward the end, he started awkwardly stroking my hand and talking about the “intense comfort” of his bed. Subtle, right? He keeps asking me out for other “business talks,” and I’m running out of excuses to say no. Plus, it’s made life at the bagel shop pretty strange. (I mostly just try to avoid him.)

—Anonymous

Not Into Him,

Please follow the directions that I am

Need relationship advice? Email Dr. Date at drdate@mndaily.com.

about to outline for you. First, find the nearest body of water, derobe and plunge into the depths so as to absolve yourself from the grave misfortunes that you have experienced. Next, go to your local grocery store and buy a box of pizza rolls. Draw a face that is mildly similar to your boss’s, and burn it as an effigy. At this point, you should feel calm, centered and relaxed. Now is the time where you silently and internally ridicule your boss’s fascinations. How has he even risen to a position of authority? Did he list on his resume under “relative work experience”: “keenly attracted to the soft coats of ponies?” I am mortified. You seem like an intelligent, dedicated person, which leads me to lend you this suggestion: start looking for another job. Your current situation is not a safe work environment, and your livelihood shouldn’t suffer because your boss wears a microphone headset and whispers sweet nothings into the ears of his World of Warcraft competitors.

—Dr. Date

7


8

Wednesday, July 12, 2017

Turtle to receive prosthesis from U

U surveys best smiles

Seemore the turtle paid a visit to the St. Paul campus for a CT scan.

u from Page 1

teeth showing, but high angle smiles are the opposite, he said. “There’s not just one good smile, there’s a range of different combinations of things that make smiles good,” Guy said.

BY SYDNEY BAUM-HAINES sbaum-haines@mndaily.com

Eight years ago, Seemore the sea turtle was swimming off the coast of Florida when she was stuck by a boat, cracking her shell. The accident left the green sea tur tle with the deceptively cute named affliction, “bubble butt syndrome.” After finding a home and a temporary treatment at the Mall of America’s Sea Life Aquarium, Seemore is set to receive a more permanent solution for her ailment from a team of University of Minnesota students. “Bubble butt syndrome … is basically gas that’s trapped in the tissue and underneath the shell and it messes up the buoyancy,” said Traner Knott, aquarist who specializes in sea turtles at Sea Life. For a solution, Sea Life reached out to the University for help. A team of seven students met July 3 to discuss design concepts for a prosthesis to solve Seemore’s syndrome. Bubble butt syndrome causes Seemore’s butt to float upward, making it difficult for her to dive underwater, Knott said. For a short-term fix, Sea Life glued lead weights to her shell to counteract the buoyancy issues, but it is unfeasible for the long term. “Sometimes the weights get knocked off, sometimes they just fall of f, sometimes she gets irritated with them and rubs them off,” Knott said.

MADDY FOX, DAILY

Seemore the sea turtle swims in her tank behind the scenes at Sea Life at the Mall of America on July 7. Seemore damaged her shell in a boating accident and students from the University plan to use 3D printing to build an attachment for her shell.

In June, the University’s Veterinary Hospital did a CT scan on Seemore to start developing the solution — a prosthetic attachment to hold the weights more effectively. Davis Fay, team lead and manager for the University’s Institute for Engineering in Medicine’s 3D Printing Core, a group that specializes in using 3D printing in medical applications, said he has worked on human applications before but never other animals. The team had to learn sea turtle anatomy to render a 3D digital model of the shell. The CT scan allowed Fay and

Ryan Kruchten, a biomedical engineering sophomore, to make their model, which will aid in coordinating the design of Seemore’s prosthesis. “It’s a fascinating engineering challenge,” said Fay, a graduate student. There are several challenges that arise with designing the prosthesis, he said. Everything must be considered — from the material, which needs to be able withstand a salt water and an animal-filled environment, to the functionality of the prosthesis, Fay said. “Seemore wedges herself between rocks to sleep,

which is a nightmare if you’re a designer,” Fay said. Dang Nguyen, a member of the design team and information technology sophomore, is considering how different designs could catch on objects in the tank. The prosthesis must let water circulate around it and the team has already scraped one design that would have harmed areas with sensitive tissue, Fay said. The work is difficult, but the team welcomes challenge. “This is exactly what I want to be doing with my life, and I didn’t think that would be possible after my first

year of college,” Kruchten said. The team will use 3D printing throughout the design process because it is a quick, cheap and easy way to make prototypes, Fay said. He said they are still tr ying to decide how to design the final prosthesis, but they might use 3D printing for the final product as well. “The thing that 3D printing really allows us to do is get us something that is fully customizable,” Fay said. Fay said they hope to present designs to Sea Life in August.

Ride sharing nonprofit arrives in Minneapolis The Shared-Use Mobility Center wants to take 50,000 cars off the road. BY CHRISTOPHER LEMKE clemke@mndaily.com

Minneapolis residents might star t sharing rides more often in coming years. The Shared-Use Mobility Center, a nonprofit that promotes “shared mobility” services, introduced an action plan to Minneapolis City Council Tuesday to lay out its goals and plans for the future of Twin Cities ride sharing. Sharing services include short-term rentals, like Zipcar and HOURCAR for car sharing and NiceRide Minnesota for bike sharing, as well as ride booking businesses like Lyft and Uber. SUMC hopes to attract 30,000 new daily transit riders in the Twin Cities, maintain 600 vehicles in car sharing ser vices and add 800 bikes for shared use. Creighton Randall, program and development director for SUMC, said the Twin Cities have had knowledgeable pioneers and success stories, but

Study

“[This] allows people to live simpler lives, more economical lives and more environmentally friendly lives.”

COMPARING COMMUTER HABITS FROM 2015 MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION TO WORK FOR HENNEPIN COUNTY RESIDENTS 16 YEARS AND OVER

MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION TO WORK FOR MINNEAPOLIS RESIDENTS 16 YEARS AND OVER

MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION TO WORK FOR ST. PAUL RESIDENTS 16 YEARS AND OVER

Drove alone in a car, truck or van (73.4%)

Drove alone in a car, truck or van (61.4%)

Drove alone in a car, truck or van (69.4%)

Carpooled in a car, truck or van (8.1%)

Carpooled in a car, truck or van (8.2%)

Carpooled in a car, truck or van (10.4%)

Took public transportation, excluding taxicabs (7.3%)

Took public transportation, excluding taxicabs (13.1%)

Took public transportation, excluding taxicabs (8.5%)

PAUL SCHROEDER CEO of HOURCAR

holding the pace will be a challenge. Mid-size cities have fewer resources and less population density, Randall said. Car2Go, a car sharing service, began scaling back its program in 2016 before pulling out of Twin Cities later that year. Another challenge, Randall said at the presentation, is when people define transportation by ownership. Instead, transportation can be viewed as a public good, he said. According to 2011-2015 estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 73.4 percent of the 639,457 workers in Hennepin County drove to work alone in 2015. The Twin Cities’ plan aims to take 20,000 cars off the road in five years, and

Walked (3.4%)

Walked (7.0%)

Walked (4.1%)

Bicycled (1.8%)

Bicycled (4.3%)

Bicycled (1.6%)

Used a taxicab, motorcycle, or other means (0.8%)

Used a taxicab, motorcycle, or other means (0.9%)

Used a taxicab, motorcycle, or other means (1.0%)

Worked at home (5.2%)

Worked at home (5.2%)

Worked at home (5.1%)

Workers per car, truck or van 1.06

Workers per car, truck or van 1.07

Workers per car, truck or van 1.08

SOURCE: UNITED STATES CENSUS BUREAU

remove 50,000 cars within 10 years. SUMC previously created an action plan for Los Angeles County in 2016. That plan advised linking mass transit options,

pushing for a cultural shift from individuals driving alone, creating service centers and investing in sharing programs. The LA plan’s goals also called for cuts to greenhouse gas emissions, traffic congestion, transportation costs and pulling 100,000 private cars off the road in five years. Local advocates and University of Minnesota researchers expect positive changes to flow from added shared mobility. “I think we can see a definite market for these services,” said Frank Douma, director of the Humphrey School of Public Af fairs’ State and Local Policy Program. Douma, who is also a research scholar at the Center for Transpor tation Studies, said new ride sharing ser vices might challenge status quo options, like taxi services and city-owned metered parking spaces, which car sharing services would reserve. In recent years, a shared car needs about 20 users to be profitable and takes just one parking space, Douma said. He said this is more efficient but will cost the city revenue from meters. Paul Schroeder, CEO of Twin Cities based nonprofit HOURCAR, said all transit options lead to an

“emerging ecosystem” of choices that help people meet their needs. “[This] allows people to live simpler lives, more economical lives and more environmentally friendly lives,” Schroeder said. Saif Benjaafar, director of the University’s Initiative on the Sharing Economy, said in an email the relatively low costs of cars in the U.S., taxes on them and their fuel have led to their prevalence. However, Benjaafar said evidence shows consumers are willing to share rides with strangers given the right incentives and safeguards. “This is particularly the case with millennials.” Ride sharing ser vices may be even more pertinent given the possibility of driverless vehicles in the future. Driverless vehicles are likely to grow popular in about 20 years, said Jacqueline Nowak, a University civil engineering graduate student and president of the Interdisciplinary Transportation Student Organization, in an email. Hypothetically, this will add to demand for vehicles and increase traffic congestion, Nowak said. “[But], if vehicles are shared, fewer vehicles will be needed on roads, potentially reducing congestion and vehicle miles travelled,” she said.

The novelty of it all While previous research on smiles mostly focused on still images, the University study is one of the first to examine how people perceive a smile in motion. L yford-Pike said a still frame of a smile does not account for a significant portion of an interaction between smiles. These findings could have impacts on her field of facial reconstructive surgery, she said. Harley Dresner, assistant professor in the Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, said the study stood out from other facial reconstruction studies in the ways it looked at different elements that make up a smile. “The more we understand about the smile, the more effectively we can tailor our surgical techniques,” he said, adding that most reconstruction studies focus on surgical technique. People who have had facial reconstructive surgery cannot always move both sides of their mouth at the same time, which can result in a poorly received smile if the time difference is too long, Lyford-Pike said. To account for this, they varied the length of time it took for each side of the mouth to reach the final position, Guy said. However, their study found that asymmetry, or a tiny time difference between the sides of a smile forming — 25 to 100 milliseconds — was better than a smile perfectly in synch, she said. “We expect a little bit of asymmetry to make the characteristic more human … it’s more human to be imperfect,” Lyford-Pike said. Facial paralysis can affect people of all ages and lead to loss of identity, misinterpretation in communication and difficulty with personal relationships, she said. “There’s a lot of research showing that just the inability to smile … can have a real devastating effect in terms of making you feel very isolated and depressed,” Helwig said. L yford-Pike said this study’s data could help her choose the right type of surgery for a patient, help patients learn the best way to smile to reflect emotions and accommodate for their limitations and help train those with facial weakness. Virtual applications Guy enlisted Lyford-Pike and Helwig’s help to find other uses for the study’s findings, especially in the field of video game graphics and ingame characters. Game developers often use one artist’s smile for every character, he said. “That can diminish … some of the engagement,” Guy said, “if you’re traveling all around some fictional world and everybody has the same animation all the time.” Understanding what makes a good smile mathematically will let him tweak artists’ renditions and program variety into games. Dealing with State Fair “buzz” The team chose the state fair to represent a wide variety of views on smiles, but it brought some unavoidable complications. “One of the things you need to be mindful of is that alcohol can change your perception,” Guy said. This didn’t ultimately have a large effect on their results, he said. The team excluded people who had over five drinks, and only eight people who took the survey had four or more drinks. Other factors played a role in the study as well, he said. The use of computer-generated smiles was one of its biggest limitations, he said. People respond to computer-generated images differently than human faces Guy said. In the future, the team hopes to address this limitation and expand the study to include cultural perception differences.

July 12, 2017  
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