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The policy aims to protect students’ right to designate their pronouns. BY JASMINE SNOW


policy on gender identity and expression nearly three years in the making was enacted by the President’s Policy Committee last Friday. The decision comes after 18 months of systemwide University consultation and a recent comment period. The policy aims to help ensure University of Minnesota members can identify and be identified by their specified names and gender pronouns.  Previously, a draft of the proposed policy included language implying disciplinary action following noncompliance with the policy, including “up to firing or expulsion.” Earlier this year, the Office of Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action responded to complaints of free speech infringement by excluding that language altogether, claiming that existing Board of Regents provisions would take care of potential issues.   A recent survey with 330 completed responses conducted this fall by the Hubbard School of Journalism and Mass Communication found that 84 percent of surveyed University students felt either very comfortable or somewhat comfortable “using genderneutral pronouns if they were asked to do so.”  This is compared to 9 percent of students who reported they would be somewhat uncomfortable and 7 percent who would be

UMN students weigh in on new pronoun policy

very uncomfortable. This survey has a margin of error of 5.4 percentage points.  The Minnesota Daily talked to students across campus about their thoughts and feelings on gender pronoun usage and a policy encouraging it.  Jackson Baril, MBA student from Shorewood, Minnesota “I understand that you can change your preferred name now more easily, which I think that’s a good step. I think it’s important that students start the class off with people using the correct pronouns so that they can feel comfortable and open in that environment right away.” Esteban Bedoya, senior from Rochester, Minnesota “I can’t really say I’d know much about the pronoun policy . . . I would agree [that the U needs a policy]. I think everyone deserves to be called by the right pronoun that they identify with. I don’t think that I would want to be called a pronoun that I don’t feel represents who I am. I think it’s a very good idea that there is a policy to kind of makes sure that everyone has that right to be called by their right pronouns.” Keaton Sieve, senior from Jordan, Minnesota “[Students] should be able to [dictate their pronouns] … It’s their right. Why not? It doesn’t affect anyone else in a negative way.” Halle Kruchoski, freshman from Delafield, Wisconsin “I think [a policy] is necessary just to make everyone feel welcome and comfortable here. I can’t see any reason why we wouldn’t have one or why anyone would be against it.”    Elgin Lee, master’s Student from St. Paul, Minnesota u See PRONOUN Page 3



Proposed visa application fee could impact U students 15 years on, The filing fee for a N-400 visa, the application form for permanent residency, would roughly double. BY JIANG LI

The Department of Homeland Security proposed a range of new fees last month that could increase immigration costs for thousands of University of Minnesota students and faculty members. In early November, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services announced a new fee schedule for many immigration applications, with an average increase of 21 percent. For example, the filing fee for a N-400 visa, the application form for permanent residency, would nearly double to $1,170, according to the National Law Review. The fee would affect many of the

most common visas University of Minnesota students and faculty members apply for. The additional funds generated by the fee increases would help reimburse the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) for facilitating immigration and naturalization services, according to the proposed rule. Many communities on campus, including students who have green cards or are part of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrival program, would bear the burden of the cost increases, said Immigration Response Team Director Marissa Hill-Dongre. In addition, the proposal would take away people’s ability to qualify for a filing fee waiver, she said. Organizations and individuals can submit comments and insights about the proposed rule to the federal government until Dec. 30. In response, the University’s IRT is currently working to reach out and collect


clinical trial leaves scars Dan Markingson’s case is one that still haunts the University of Minnesota. BY MICHELLE GRIFFITH AND DYLAN MIETTINEN,


information from different community groups about the fee change. “One of the things that we’re doing is making people aware of the fact that this proposal is out there and making people aware of the opportunity to submit a

comment,” Hill-Dongre said. IRT has reached out to many University graduates who may intend to apply for a work visa, informing them of the proposed increase, Hill-Dongre said. u See VISA Page 3


A step to rebuild relationships: U hires director of tribal relations Tadd Johnson serves as an ambassador between tribes throughout the state and the University. BY NATALIE RADEMACHER

A boarded window on the 14 floor is rimmed by scorch marks at the Cedar High Apartments on Monday, Dec. 9. (Kamaan Richards / Minnesota Daily)

Following high-rise fire, CedarRiverside begins healing process Community members gathered on Saturday to discuss safety concerns following the accident. BY EMMA DILL AND BROOKE SHEEHY,

Following a deadly building fire last month, the Cedar-Riverside community is beginning to heal despite lingering questions.

The fire killed five residents in a 25-story high-rise owned by the Minneapolis Public Housing Authority. During a community meeting Saturday, Cedar-Riverside residents impacted by the fire said they still have concerns about the cause of and response to the blaze. But community members said unity will help the neighborhood move forward. The fire started by accident around 4 a.m. on Nov. 27 in the u See FIRE Page 3

The University of Minnesota appointed the first-ever senior director of American Indian Tribal Nations Relations late last month to help build relationships between local tribes and the University. Tadd Johnson, a member of the Bois Forte Band of Chippewa, has a busy road ahead of him — serving as an ambassador between the 11 tribal nations in Minnesota and the University while also supporting Indigenous faculty and students on all five University campuses. An emerging role Because Johnson is tasked with implementing the new role himself, he is unsure what exactly his position will look like. To develop meaningful connections with tribes, there is much consultation and relationship building that must be done first, Johnson said. He plans to spend weeks, even months,

getting to know members of tribal nations, finding out about and listening to issues impacting their communities. Cori Bazemore-James, a director in the Graduate School Diversity Office who led the search committee for the position, said Johnson already has respectful relationships and trust built with local tribes, something necessary for this role. One thing some Indigenous students are hoping for with Johnson’s role is more accessibility to resources and University administration. “We want to see more transparency in recruitment, attracting and retaining Indigenous students,” said Charles Golding, vice president of the American Indian Student Cultural Center. This fall, there are around 400 students who self-reported as American Indian, according to the University’s Office of Institutional Research. This number has stayed fairly consistent over the past decade. Golding, who also served on the search committee for the position, said he thinks Johnson is a good pick for the role because he u See TRIBES Page 3

After more than a decade of policy changes, extensive reports and community healing, the scars of a “tragic” and “disastrous” University of Minnesota clinical trial are still visible and will continue to influence psychiatric research nationwide for years to come. Dan Markingson was 26 years old when he was forced to make a decision: comply with his physician’s treatment plan, a clinical trial testing FDA-approved drugs, or face commitment to a psychiatric institution. Though he was later deemed a “vulnerable adult,” he agreed to the former. In the months following his enrollment in the treatment plan, his mother Mary Weiss grew increasingly concerned about the state of his mental health. Though she repeatedly reached out to his care team, her concerns should have been taken more seriously, a state report said. She asked the study coordinator, “Do we have to wait until he kills himself or anyone else before anyone does anything?” Within a month, he would die by suicide. Fifteen years later, his death still looms over much of the University’s research. Since his death, the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and the University has implemented more than 60 policy changes to better research practices and protect patients. The state report found no causal link between Markingson’s death and his involvement in the clinical trial. However, after a state audit report said University leadership acted in a way that would later be called “defensive, insular, and unwilling to accept criticism about the Markingson case either from within or outside the University,” many wonder what the changes really mean. The facts of the case It was 2003 and Dan Markingson was not well. His mother noted a marked and distinct change in his attitude, words and actions. Weiss was so concerned she brought him to a hospital where u See MARKINGSON Page 3 VOLUME 120 ISSUE 30




Daily Review


THIS DAY IN HISTORY 1913 Two years after the Mona Lisa was stolen from the Louvre Museum in Paris, the Da Vinci painting was recovered inside Italian waiter Vincenzo Peruggia’s hotel room in Florence. HISTORYCHANNEL.COM/TDIH

Cooper Eddy


Cooper started playing Kendama in Tacoma, Washington in 2012. He entered a contest that Sweets Kendamas hosted in 2013, and quickly displayed how good of a player he really was. He joined the Cross Ken Gang(CKG) team, a group of pros that compete across the nation. The team gave him the opportunity to showcase his skills in Kendama, but he also displayed another talent — videography. Sweets thought they could use him as a fulltime employee at Sweets Kendamas, so the company took him into Minneapolis to work on videography while he became a pro. Cooper has since travelled to over a dozen countries, representing the brand at Kendama events. Now, he’s focused on the release of his pro model, a personal kendama that a player designs themselves.

Above, Cooper Eddy poses for a portrait with his video production equipment in his Minneapolis based Sweets Kendamas studio on Monday, Dec. 2. Left, Eddy jams Kendama to kill time while waiting to meet up with friends on Wednesday, Nov. 27. Right, Eddy poses for a portrait in a custom built studio he designed to promote a new pro model Kendama on Monday, Nov. 18. (Parker Johnson / Minnesota Daily)

Thursday, December 12, 2019 Vol. 120 No. 30

An Independent Student Newspaper, Founded in 1900. 2221 University Ave. SE, Suite 450, Minneapolis, MN 55414 Phone: (612) 627-4080 Fax: (612) 435-5865 Copyright © 2019 The Minnesota Daily. This newspaper, its design and its contents are copyrighted. OFFICE OF THE PUBLISHER Cleo Krejci Editor-in-Chief (612)-227-5914 Kyle Stumpf Business Operations Officer (612)-435-5772 Charlie Weaver General Manager (612)-435-5657 EDITORIAL STAFF Max Chao Managing Editor Desmond Kamas Managing Production Editor Michelle Griffith Campus Activities Editor Katrina Pross Campus Administration Editor Madeline Deninger City Editor Audrey Kennedy Features & Freelance Editor Paul Hodowanic Sports Editor Nick Jungheim Assistant Sports Editor Liv Martin A&E Editor Jack Rodgers Multimedia Editor Emily Martens Copy Desk Chief Cate Tynjala Assistant Copy Desk Chief Creston Halstead Chief Page Designer Morgan La Casse Visuals Editor =


Joshua “Flow” Grove


Mindfulness, personal growth, and social and emotional awareness are key aspects of Josh’s classes. Josh is the founder of Kendama Institute, a nonprofit started in 2018 to teach the fundamentals of Kendama. Sweets Kendamas brought Josh in to bring the skill of Kendama to kids in Minnesota. Josh teaches the sport to elementary and middle schools, promoting the benefits Kendama can bring. Teaching hand-eye coordination skills associated with Kendama is not the only thing valuable to his students — Josh teaches kids how to focus on one specific task, channeling their frustration into meaningful progress

EDITORIAL BOARD Ariana Wilson Editorials & Opinions Editor Samantha Woodward Editorial Board Member BUSINESS Jacob Kenyon Sales Manager Tiffany Welty Assistant Sales Manager David Keane Controller =


Correction on “Let’s talk trash”: A previous version of this story misstated Todd Tanner’s title Correction on “Amid fears of recession, UMN students split on economy”: A previous version of this story incorrectly described an app. The app is called Duo Security.

Top right, Joshua “Flow” Grove poses for a portrait with his Kendama and a “peace stick” on Tuesday, Dec. 10. Bottom left, Grove practices the trick, “Gooncircle,” while playing Kendama in Como on Sunday, Dec. 8. Bottom right, Grove hosts a team building exercise with his students in Marcy-Holmes on Monday, Dec. 9. (Parker Johnson / Minnesota Daily)



Matt Jorgenson, also known as “Sweets”, started Sweets Kendamas in 2010. Sweets took to the streets of the University of Minnesota campus and handed out Kendamas, hoping to gather a following. When he first started, he used Kendamas that had “bad” paint, but was set on creating his own company that made a better product. He experimented and created a paint that would not chip, prolonging the life of a Kendama. Ten years later, Sweets has created one of the biggest Kendama companies in the nation.

Top left, Matt Jorgenson, otherwise known as “Sweets,” poses for a portrait with his dog, Taz, on Monday, Dec. 2. Bottom right, Jorgenson plays guitar for his daughter, Emma, left, and wife, Alex, right, in his home on Monday, Dec. 2 before he leaves for a weeklong trip to judge internationally. Bottom left, Jorgenson holds one of the first Kendamas that he designed for sale in 2010. (Parker Johnson / Minnesota Daily)

The Minnesota Daily strives for complete accuracy and corrects its errors immediately. Corrections and clarifications will always be printed in this space. If you believe the Daily has printed a factual error, please call the readers’ representative at (612) 627–4070, extension 3057, or email immediately. The Minnesota Daily is a legally independent nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization and is a student-written and student-managed newspaper for the University of Minnesota’s Twin Cities campus. The Daily’s mission is: 1) to provide coverage of news and events affecting the University community; 2) to provide a forum for the communication and exchange of ideas for the University community; 3) to provide educational training and experience to University students in all areas of newspaper operations; and 4) to operate a fiscally responsible organization to ensure its ability to serve the University in the future. The Daily is a member of the Minnesota News Council, the Minnesota Associated Press, the Associated Collegiate Press, The Minnesota Newspaper Association and other organizations. The Daily is published Monday and Thursday during the regular school year and weekly during the summer, and it is printed by ECM Publishers in Princeton, Minn. Midwest News Service distributes the 10,000 issues biweekly. All Minnesota Daily inserts are recyclable within the University of Minnesota program and are at least 6 percent consumer waste. U.S. Postal Service: 351–480.


Thursday, December 12, 2019

Markingson u from Page 1

he was determined to be mentally ill and was eventually transferred to Fairview University Medical Center, since rebranded as M Health Fairview. Markingson was put under the care of Dr. Stephen Olson, a physician and University researcher. He was then enrolled in a psychiatric clinical trial headed by Olson. Olson’s role as Markingson’s physician presented a conflict when recruiting him for the study as well, a state report later said. According to the same state report, the University received more than $15,000 for every subject who completed the study. Markingson did not have a patient advocate present at the time of his decision to enroll in the study, though Olson told the University all patients would, according to the state report. In the months following his enrollment in the clinical trial, sponsored by AstraZeneca, numerous parties raised concerns about his declining mental health. Many reports and exposes, but little administrative action Details about the Markingson case remained in the shadows until four years after his death. In the years following, multiple third-party entities began releasing reports describing the ethical dilemmas, conflicts of interest and treatment of vulnerable patients in the study. The ramifications of these reports paint a picture still present in discussions about research at the University today.

Pronoun u from Page 1

“I believe letting people be comfortable in what they’re called is important … Honestly, I don’t know what should happen [if a professor were to refuse to use a person’s correct pronouns] but I think it’d

Visa u from Page 1

University junior Minh Bui from Vietnam plans to apply for jobs after graduation. He said the change in fees is a big factor for him to consider whether to stay or move to another country. ”I think the change in fee is a lot, but it is not ... impossible to pay,” Bui said. “It will definitely make students to think ... if they want to pursue their career in America because America is not the only option.” The fee increase would

Disturbed and horrified by the details brought to light, Dr. Carl Elliott, a professor in the University’s Center for Bioethics, decided to do further research. “It was made very clear to me that the University was not going to do anything at all. In fact, the concerns that I had were not even treated as even worth a response,” Elliott said. Markingson’s mother filed a lawsuit against the University in 2007, but the charges were dropped. A lawsuit brought against Olson for medical malpractice was settled out of court, and Weiss was awarded $75,000. In 2009, “Dan’s Law” was passed, which prohibits people under state civil commitment from participating in psychiatric clinical drug trials. The Association for the Accreditation of Human Research Protection Programs and the State Legislative Auditor released two additional external investigations, in 2013 and 2015. Though Markingson died by suicide during his involvement in the clinical trial, additional factors may have contributed to his death, said Kelvin Lim, vice chair of research for the psychiatry department. However, the reports raised multiple flags about the University’s research practices. The state found the University’s internal review of the case to be “superficial” in its initial 2004 investigation, as it did not review any medical records, information about Markingson’s death or seek additional information from anyone other than Olson. Another external report characterized the psychiatry

department as having fostered a “culture of fear.” In addition, the state report found that University leadership “seriously harmed the University’s credibility and reputation” by “repeatedly claim[ing] that clinical research at the University meets the highest ethical standards and dismiss[ing] the need for further consideration of the Markingson case by making misleading statements about past reviews.” As a result of the state’s report, the University temporarily halted human participation in all psychiatric drug studies. Meanwhile, the state found that the University adamantly defended the actions of its leadership and psychiatry department. Though the trial has been publicly criticized nationwide, Olson, the study’s principal investigator, is still employed by the University, although he no longer conducts research. In 2015, Former Gov. Arne Carlson publicly called for the resignation of then President Eric Kaler following his treatment of the case’s public fallout. “What is the purpose of education? It is a search for the truth,” Carlson said in an interview with the Minnesota Daily. “But here we had people at the top preventing that search for truth from occurring.” In his final State of the University address last spring, Kaler said the University’s handling of the Markingson incident was one of the biggest regrets of his presidency. Current University President Joan Gabel declined to comment about t h e M a rk i n g s o n c a s e .

University research in 2019: learning from the Markingson case In the past four or five years, the University has evolved to improve ethical standards, as well as ensuring research with human subjects is better and safer than in the past, said Michael Oakes, associate vice president for research. The University implemented a total of 63 policies that aimed to better practices in research topics like conflict of interests, family involvement in clinical trials and coercion, among others. For example, the University’s Institutional Review Board, which reviews research involving human subjects, has grown significantly since the Markingson case. The Board consists of scientists, faculty and community members, now with about 80 members regularly reviewing research proposals. The University uses sophisticated methods to ensure that vulnerable populations, like those with diminished cognitive capacity, are properly protected in research — a detail highlighted in the Markingson case, Oakes said. A difficult ethical dilemma exists when using human participants in a clinical trial: How much risk is too much and where is that balance? This is a question that research institutions nationwide are dealing with, not just the University, Oakes said. Well aware of the scandal and attention brought onto the psychiatry department from the Markingson case, Dr. Sophia Vinogradov assumed the department head role in 2016 with the goal of creating a

healing and prosperous department. “All faculty had been under intense scrutiny just by being a member of the department,” Vinogradov said. Upon her arrival, Vinogradov convened a community advisory board for the department, which includes family members of those with mental illnesses. Among other efforts to increase transparency and engage with the community, Vinogradov said she is in the process of creating a committee consisting of those who have had personal experience with mental illness to advise her on the best practices for research opportunities and clinical work. “I very strongly believe that people who have had a lived experience of mental illness should be active partners with us and as co-creators with us as we think about research directions and research initiatives,” she said. Each year, the department holds a symposium in Markingson’s honor, and Vinogradov said she regularly communicates with Weiss, even receiving a hand-knitted scarf from her last year.

be very disrespectful if they don’t follow whatever policy is in place.” Ranita Badudu, master’s Student from Indonesia “I think there shouldn’t be [a policy] just because I think people should have enough awareness just not to insult other people. I get training for it as a TA … I do make an

effort. One of my students uses ‘they’ and I tend to forget a lot when I’m not talking to them directly, but when I’m talking to them I don’t normally forget … My country isn’t developed enough to even begin thinking about that. Its still working to feed its people so [pronouns] aren’t really a priority right now.”


not only affect international students, Hill-Dongre said. But, international students would be immediately affected by the fee increase for employment authorization documents or changes to the H-1B visa fees. “They are making it more and more difficult to get and maintain these temporary visa statuses that allow people to study and work at the University,” Hill-Dongre said. University sophomore Paolo Pinto, who is a green card holder from the Philippines, said he plans to apply for American citizenship in the future, but the fee

changes could make it “very inconvenient.” “With the increase in the fee, it adds stress to me as a student who already struggles with so many loans,” Pinto said. “People move to America seeking a better life, but instead they are met with this.” Hill-Dongre said the USCIS “does periodically raise their fees,” but the fee increases this time are dramatic. As of Dec. 11, the public has submitted 2,885 comments about the proposal. Many complain the increase is unreasonable and dramatic.

SanCartier. “There is money in the budget that the mayor recommended that we want to make sure is shown to be helping prevent situations like that from happening in the future.” During the Saturday meeting, residents asked questions about the building’s safety. The neighborhood would like to see MPHA play a larger role in community conversations, said Bosteya Jama, co-executive director of the Cedar-Riverside Neighborhood Revitalization Program. “As a neighborhood organization, we need public housing to come out and answer people’s questions and concerns,” Jama told meeting attendees. According to MPHA, 10 households of the 191 apartments in the building had to temporarily relocate due to fire or water damage. “This event is unprecedented in MPHA’s history,” MPHA Director of Policy and External Affairs Jeff

Tribes u from Page 1

will stand up to the institution on behalf of tribal nations. A dif ficult histor y The University has struggled to maintain a strong relationship with local tribes, as previous administration was not committed to building relationships in a culturally sensitive way, respecting tribal sovereignty and needs, advocates say. Despite these tensions, some members of the University community are working collaboratively with tribes. A group of researchers is exploring ways to preserve a declining wild rice population in partnership with local tribes. Community members say things appear to be changing for the better under President Joan Gabel’s administration. Johnson said a necessary step in this process is for the University to apologize. “The University screws up all the time,” Johnson said. “They don’t understand tribes. It is time to admit the University is not innocent. It is time to partner with tribes and repair these relationships.” Building meaningful relationships Johnson himself acknowledges that he is just one person, and that it will take a willingness and commitment from the University to make change. “Hiring him alone doesn’t change it. It is facilitating further actions that


need to be taken to improve relationships,” said Karen Diver, former chairwoman of the Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa. She said it now depends on how effective the University lets Johnson be and that he does not allow himself to be tokenized. “If they listen and take to heart ... and really take all this seriously, it can be a real meaningful impact for both the University system and tribal communities,” Diver said. A new concept Having this ambassador role is a relatively new concept, although the University is not the first to have this position. Johnson’s new role is within the University’s Office for Equity and Diversity. Vice President Michael Goh hired Johnson and said he will support him. Goh said in his administrative role, he has an opportunity to address some

of the issues with local tribes that the University has previously failed to address. “It takes a person like professor Tadd Johnson, with the experience, with skills, with the relationships and trust he has with tribal nations to be the one to enact it,” he said. Along with his new role, he is continuing to serve his roles as director of the Tribal Sovereignty Institute and director of graduate studies in the American Indian Studies Department in Duluth. He previously served as a tribal lawyer for over 20 years. In 1997, Johnson was appointed chair of the National Indian Gaming Commission by then-President Bill Clinton. “I think that it shows a huge step forward on the University’s behalf, that the University is taking these relationships with tribes seriously,” Bazemore-James said.

u from Page 1

bedroom of a unit on the building’s 14th floor. Its cause is undetermined, according to a Dec. 2 investigation report released by the Minneapolis Fire Department. The units on the 14th floor were not equipped with sprinklers, which were installed only on the building’s main floor and in lower mechanical equipment rooms. Ward 6 Minneapolis City Council member Abdi Warsame recently drafted an amendment to the City’s budget that allocates more than $2 million for MPHA to install sprinklers and other fire suppression tools in highrise buildings. “We want to reassure [constituents] that this is an issue that we’re paying attention to and that we’re not taking lightly or that we don’t just use as a political benefit,” said Warsame’s Senior Policy Aide Ryan

‘How many years will it take?’ Even with dozens of policy changes, multiple investigations and a change in departmental leadership, a sense of distrust still persists among many in the University community. “It’s impossible to know if things are truly better or if they are just really good at not letting things get out,” Elliott said. Although some still mis-

trust the University even 15 years after Markingson’s death, Oakes said one way to rebuild trust is to continue showing people the good work it does. Such changes include broadening the membership of the IRB, establishing better communication channels among study stakeholders and encouraging the use of independent consent monitors when recruiting vulnerable populations for clinical trials. “Places like this University have to earn trust and in some sense that broke down, and now we have to re-earn the trust or earn it originally in some cases,” Oakes said. Vinogradov said she wonders how long it will take and what else needs to be done to alleviate suspicion. “Are we ready here to move forward and to move on?” Vinogradov asked. “There are those outside of the department who are waiting for us to make a mistake or who don’t trust that we’ve really changed.” Oakes said that strong University leadership is important, starting with Gabel and trickling to other leaders down the chain of command. The University’s researchers need to do “the good work in the trenches everyday, getting it right” to show people it deserves to be trusted, Oakes said. But, Elliott still remains skeptical. “I think that the record hasn’t been good, so I wouldn’t be inclined to be terribly optimistic that things have changed.” The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline is 800-2738255. Horwich said in a public statement. “There are no words to express our sense of loss for the residents that our staff see everyday. We consider them friends, and care for them deeply.” Horwich declined further comment. Riann Meyer, an attorney at Mid-Minnesota Legal Aid, encouraged meeting attendees to contact the organization if they had concerns about the living conditions in the high-rise. “Under Minnesota law, a landlord has a duty to keep an apartment or a home in reasonable repair,” she said. Firdaus Aden lost her mother, Nadifa Mohamud, in the fire. She said despite lingering questions, the community should unite to support for those impacted by the fire. “Whenever things like this happen, it’s more important that people unite and work together as a community,” Aden said. “This is a time for togetherness. It’s not a time for pointing fingers.”




Men’s Basketball Minnesota: 52 Iowa: 72

DEC 10

Women’s Basketball Minnesota: 83 George Washington: 50


Volleyball vs. Florida 5:30 p.m.

DEC 15

Women’s Basketball vs. UC Davis 1 p.m.

Men’s Basketball vs. Ohio State 5:30 p.m.

Source: Gophers Athletics. Times and scores accurate as of time of publication.





Gophers brace for Sweet Sixteen Minnesota will face Florida, who it beat 3-0 at the start of the year. BY NOLAN O’HARA After a thrilling fiveset win over Creighton, the Gophers’ volleyball team is turning their attention to No. 10 Florida, who they see Friday in their Sweet Sixteen matchup. For Minnesota, the comeback win over Creighton means another weekend awaits, so they will not be able to dwell on the emotions of their electrifying win for long. “Obviously you’re happy to still be playing,” head coach Hugh McCutcheon said. “We got to take care of the task at hand and get ready for the weekend.” Florida is a team the Gophers have some familiarity with. Minnesota saw the Gators in their fourth match of the season, which the Gophers took 3-0. Florida advanced to the Sweet Sixteen after winning straight-set victories over Alabama State and UCF. The Gophers’ defense was the key to their victories over Fairfield and Creighton. Both teams

Libero Rachel Kilkelly prepares to serve the ball during the game against the Fairfield Stags in the first round of the NCAA tournament at the Maturi Pavilion on Friday, Dec. 6. (Sydni Rose / Minnesota Daily)

served well in their matches against Minnesota, something the Gophers c o u n t e r e d w i t h s t ro n g defensive play, making good first contact and limiting both teams at the net. Blocking, a central focus for the Gophers throughout the season, came up big again at the end of the Creighton match. It allowed them to evade match point. “One thing I can do is put my hands back into

the court. Just be low and over, don’t think about anything else, just put your hands back in the court. And I guess it works. Hugh [McCutcheon]’s been telling me that for about five years now,” middle blocker Taylor Morgan joked. “All leading up to that moment,” McCutcheon added. Fittingly, a block was also the Gophers’ final point of the match. Now, with Minnesota’s attention

turned towards Florida, another tough serving team, the focus on first contact and blocking remains, but a renewed focus on offensive production also arises. “Like most of these games, it comes down to the serve and pass part of it. I think they’re a good serving team. Our ability to take care of first contact matters, and obviously we have to find ways to side out,” McCutcheon said. “I still like us on the

defensive end against most teams, but we got to produce on the offensive end as well.” Minnesota struggled offensively against Creighton, particularly in the middle three sets. That led McCutcheon in the fourth to return to the 6-2, a twosetter system the Gophers ran for much of the season while they were missing senior setter Kylie Miller. It is a system McCutcheon does not fear turning to in a moment’s notice. “If circumstance dictates that we need to roll it out then we’re certainly not afraid to,” he said. “Nice to have that string to our bow should we need it moving forward.” For the fifth-straight season, the Gophers find themselves in the Sweet Sixteen, but know that any moment in the tournament could be their last. “You always want to say you don’t want to think about it, but that’s the thought in the NCAA tournament is that you lose this game, your season’s over,” Morgan said. “You have to claw, scratch, bite your way, you got to do what you go to do to make sure that doesn’t happen. And we do a pretty good job with the pressure.”


Questions from the other side: The Auburn Plainsman The Daily talked with Jake Weese to talk about the upcoming matchup. BY NICK JUNGHEIM The Minnesota Daily called up Jake Weese, sports writer for The Auburn Plainsman, the student newspaper of Auburn University, to preview the Gophers’ Outback Bowl matchup against the Auburn Tigers on New Year’s Day. Aubur n’s losses this season have come against some of the best teams in the nation, and the T igers ended the regular season with a

victor y over Alabama. How did the team and fan s fe e l t he se aso n went? I would say before the Iron Bowl, people were not happy with the season at all. Most of the fan base was quick to place blame on the offense, and some of it was warranted. The offense had not played its best against LSU and some of the better teams. Against Florida, for instance, they had some trouble. Since the Iron Bowl, things have picked up. People are pretty happy with the result right now. I know from the team standpoint, head coach Gus Malzahn really wants to get to that 10th win. Freshman quar terback Bo Nix has had some ups and downs. What

did you make of his play this year? That quarterback room is pretty young. Before the season, it was Nix and redshirt freshman Joey Gatewood. That was a pretty young room and it still is now, even with Gatewood leaving. Nix, I thought played pretty well, he had his ups and downs this season. He kind of struggled on the road, he played a lot better at home, which is expected for a freshman in the SEC. It will be interesting to see him again at a neutral site. Defensive lineman Der rick Brown is one of the best players in the nation, what makes him so challenging for opponents? W h a t m a k e s B ro w n

so challenging — and really the Auburn defensive line in general — is that teams typically have to double Brown, which leads the way for other defensive linemen like Marlon Davidson to get in there and sack the quarterback or make a play behind the line of scrimmage. Brown is just really explosive, he’s great at stopping the run. Auburn really did a good job this season against the run. Every game he makes a play that makes you say, “Wow.” He just got announced as the SEC Defensive Player of the Year and that is definitely warranted. What was the dif ference in the Alabama game that allowed Auburn to break through against a

top-tier opponent? I would say, and I think a lot of people would agree, that was Auburn’s best game offensively. Things just clicked against Alabama from all aspects of offense and special teams as well. Kicker Anders Carlson made four field goals from over 40 yards out. He had really been struggling from that distance and just struggling in general before then. Those kicks were huge. Another thing that went right for Auburn is it managed to finish drives on offense. That’s something they had struggled with this season, both at home and on the road. The offensive line played one of its best games of the season. They were the first

team this season to not allow a sack to Alabama. What will be the key to Aubur n defeating Minnesota? A big key will be the play of Bo Nix and his continued development. He is the big key because Auburn likes to establish the run and if he is not having a good game and is facing a lot of pressure, has hands in his face, and Auburn tries to go back to the run, Minnesota will be expecting it. So, the play of Nix will be the big key for Auburn. Best of fensive player? Running back JaTarvious Whitlow and wide receiver Seth Williams Best defensive player? Defensive lineman Derrick Brown


Non-conference schedule provides Gophers with early challenges Minnesota has gone 4-4 in nonconference play so far this season. BY NICK JUNGHEIM It is no secret that the Big Ten, a conference that sent eight teams to the NCAA Tournament a year ago, is one of the most competitive leagues in college basketball. This year, however, head coach Richard Pitino has not needed to wait until the start of conference play to learn how his team stacks up against top competition. On a Minnesota roster that features seven newcomers in 2019-20, there was little time to gel as a group before taking on strong programs as Pitino challenged his team with a difficult non-conference schedule. With guard Amir Coffey declaring for the NBA draft last June and forward Eric Curry suffering a season-ending knee injury, Pitino is honest when he says he expected to have a more experienced group when he made the schedule. “When I made [the schedule] I thought Eric would be healthy and Amir would be a senior,” Pitino said. “That doesn’t

Guard Gabe Kalscheur brings the ball up the court at Williams Arena on Monday, Dec. 2. (Nur B. Adam / Minnesota Daily)

mean we can’t be excited about where we are going... We want to challenge our guys.” After a 85-50 openingnight victory against Cleveland State, the Gophers hit the road for a 16-day stretch without a game at home. In that time, they faced three power conference opponents, two in true road contests, dropping each game by a single-digit margin. First came a 71-62 defeat against Oklahoma in Sioux Falls, SD before a

64-56 defeat at Butler. Three days later, Minnesota had a game over 1,300 miles west of Indianapolis when they took on Utah in Salt Lake City. Pitino says his players looked tired as the Utes jumped out to a 16-0 lead, though the Gophers battled back before ultimately falling 73-69. “I thought the Utah game, I’m not sure we did our guys any favors with that scheduling,” Pitino said. “They just seemed exhausted, that was a long week.”

A pair of home victories against Central Michigan and North Dakota got the Gophers back to 3-3 until another loss, this time at home to a then-undefeated DePaul team that dropped the Gophers to 0-4 against power conference opponents. That changed last Monday with a convincing 78-60 victory over ACC opponent Clemson. Having played five opponents from major conferences before the start of Big Ten play, Pitino says this has been his most

difficult early season slate in his time at Minnesota. According to ESPN, Minnesota’s strength of schedule ranks 30th in Division I. The four nonconference opponents who beat Minnesota currently have a combined record of 32-5. “We have one of the toughest non-conference schedules we have played since I’ve been here,” Pitino said before the season. “Which is exciting, it will make us better ... It used to be you could have a bunch and work your way up to the tough games, you can’t do that anymore.” Moving forward, the schedule does not get any easier for the Gophers. Minnesota opened Big Ten play with a 20-point loss at Iowa and will host an Ohio State team, currently ranked at No. 3 in the AP poll, later this week. Last season, Minnesota played Ohio State in early December as well, a 79-59 defeat for Minnesota. “It was a rude awakening,” sophomore Gabe Kalscheur said of last year’s game against the Buckeyes. “It was surprising how much physicality changed from non-conference play to conference play.” Following that game, Minnesota has two more

non-conference games, one against Oklahoma State, who is 7-2 on the year. That matchup will be at a neutral site, albeit in Tulsa, Oklahoma, which should serve as a de facto home game for the Cowboys. While the non-conference schedule may prove too difficult for this year’s team, the hope is that it will prepare the players for opponents they will face later in the season. In this week’s AP Poll, three Big Ten teams are ranked in the top-five. “I think when it gets around to conference play, everyone knows they need to step it up,” said senior Michael Hurt. “Anyone, when they’re playing well, can win any night. This league is really competitive.”

“I think when it gets around to conference play everyone knows they need to step it up... This league is really competitive.” MICHAEL HURT Senior Forward






Sneakers by Salvatore: customizing shoes for the Twin Cities and beyond Minneapolis artist Salvatore Marcum leaves his mark on the sneaker world one brushstroke at a time. BY ALEX STRANGMAN

Salvatore Marcum is not a traditional artist. One could say his work is for the sole. Marcum’s medium is painting. His canvas? A pair of shoes. The 27-year-old artist from South Minneapolis creates wearable art in the form of custom, hand-painted sneakers. As a kid, Marcum said he was always making art, coloring, doodling and drawing pictures of his favorite rappers and athletes. Marcum says he first got interested in sneaker customization in the fourth grade after learning the art form from his brother. “That’s pretty much when I picked it up … destroying shoes. Like, I didn’t even know what I was doing, just ruining shoes,” he said. The first pair he “destroyed” was a pair of allblack, high-top Nike Air Force 1s. He added a grey and black camo design. After that, growing up got in the way. Between sports, school and work, Marcum ended up taking a 10 year break from

Salvatore Marcum poses for a portrait in his home studio in Brooklyn Park on Wednesday, Dec. 11. (Kamaan Richards / Minnesota Daily)

painting to focus on other things. It wasn’t until 2015, after seeing a Facebook group where people were selling customized shoes, that he picked up his old hobby. Since then, he’s been pursuin g customs full time. And he’s made quite

a name for himself. As mpls_customs on Instagram, Marcum has amassed more than 30,000 followers and a client list that includes athletes from the NFL, NBA, WNBA and NCAA. His work even gained him some local stardom,

according to his fiancé Idalis Poro. “Oh he definitely has fans, like anywhere we go there’s always somebody that comes up to us and is recognizing him for what he does,” she said. H e als o cus t om ized a pair of sneakers for

world-champion boxer Floyd Mayweather’s 40th birthday. It’s fair to say Marcum has come a long way since he doodled on some camo Air Force 1s. Recently, he spent two weeks customizing 55 pairs of cleats for the Minnesota Vikings as a part of the NFL’s “My Cause My

Cleats” campaign. When he talks about his accomplishments, Marcum says that in a way, he’s made his childhood dream come true. “When I was little I wanted to play sports, and my grandma would tell me, ‘Don’t worry, you’ll be in a stadium one day,’ and now it’s happening, but in a different way,” he said. Between making customs and being a dad, having welcomed his first child into the world less than a month ago, Marcum’s skills are in high demand. The wait time to get a pair customized by him can be anywhere from four to nine weeks. Somehow he hasn’t let his busy schedule get in the way of his ambitions. Marcum says he has bright plans for the future. Between new ideas for shoe customization and expansion into the traditional retail market, Marcum hopes to one day expand his business beyond just sneakers. He wants to open a storefront of his own, where he can have face to face interactions with his customers, as well as maybe try his hand at starting his own brand. Regardless of what happens on the business side of things, Marcum says he prides himself on creating work that inspires others. “If I can make someone else pick up a paintbrush, or pick up a sewing machine, or anything to design something, I’ve done my part,” Marcum said.


Getting into the holiday spirit(s) These Minneapolis bars offer the ultimate indoor holiday experience. BY KSENIA GORINSHTEYN

‘Tis the season for holidaythemed drinks and Instagram posts. Among the many markets and events in the Twin Cities, there are a few places that bring all of that indoors. The ceilings are crowded with ornaments, there are Christmas lights everywhere and even a few Hanukkahinspired drinks to lift your spirits. For a few weeks out of the year, places like Betty Danger’s Country Club and Lawless Distilling Company transform into what can only be compared to Santa’s workshop. Betty Danger’s Country Club, temporarily called Mary’s Christmas Palace, is decked out with decorations everywhere you look. There are Santa hats on

every figurine, the waiters are dressed in their best holiday attire and stockings are hung above the bar. This year is the second that the restaurant has embraced the holiday spirit, and it was accompanied by their fourth annual Bizarre Bazaar. Mary’s Christmas Palace started spreading holiday cheer as early as Oct.1. These holiday-themed bars and restaurants are a place for people to gather with their loved ones for a cheerful night out, especially if they’re spending the holidays away from home. “There’s something about holiday lights that I just adore … all the twinkling lights and how every single picture just turns out phenomenally,” said Gabe Nyen, a junior at the University of Minnesota studying plant science. It’s easy to get just the right shot at Mary’s Christmas Palace, especially by holding the bar’s Jingle Ball Cocktail, which is served in an ornament placed in a cocktail glass.

The festive drinks don’t stop there. Lawless Distilling has partnered with Miracle, a Christmas-themed pop-up bar, for its holiday season. Miracle hosts locations nationally, but it came to Lawless three years ago. “That initial year, we didn’t really know what to expect,” said Nathan Karnitz, owner of Lawless Distilling. “We just opened our little 50-seat bar and the masses have kind of descended on us. We’ve just had to hustle to keep up with all the people coming in.” The bar mimics the mood at Mary’s Christmas Palace, but in a more urban sense than a country club setting. Some of Lawless’s usual decorations remain, while wreaths are hung from the walls. “The last couple years, we’ve just been trying to find ways to make it bigger and more accommodating to more people,” Karnitz said. They’ve opened up their distillery space and with about 30 volunteers, have hung roughly 2,000 Christmas bulbs from the ceiling.

A visitor tastes a sample of the Bloody Mary mix being sold by Mary Johnson (left) at Betty Danger’s Country Club in Northeast Minneapolis on Saturday, Dec. 7. (Mrunal Zambre / Minnesota Daily)

The distillery’s cocktail glasses are also designed with dreidels and lounging Santas to create an effect that doesn’t just end with twinkling lights on the ceiling. “It was the first time I ever saw it and there were hundreds of ornaments hanging from the ceiling. It was so

beautiful,” said Gabriella Sonnenschein, a senior studying strategic communication at the University of Minnesota. “I could go there with anyone and be super happy.” The drinks at Lawless Distilling range from spiked hot chocolate with mint and a toasted marshmallow on top,

to a snowball old fashioned, served with a large spherical ice cube. “They did it in a really good way where it was just for fun,” Sonnenschein said. “They weren’t doing it because this is Christmas, and everyone needs to celebrate it. It was all just pure joy.”


College kitchen: make winter break a sweet Try these easy recipes to get in the holiday spirit. BY NORAH KLEVEN The holidays are marked by snow, cheer and most importantly: desserts. Here are some easy-to-follow recipes to test out in your kitchen this weekend. Sugar cookies Sugar cookies are simple, lovable and can be made into whatever shape you desire. They are a modern staple of the holiday season and require little time and effort. Ingredients: • 1/3 cups of powdered sugar • 1/4 cup softened butter or vegan butter • a few drops of vanilla extract

• a few drops of almond extract • 1 egg or 1 tbsp of applesauce for a vegan substitution • 1/2 cup of of self-rising flour Instructions: • Heat oven to 375 degrees Fahrenheit. • Mix powdered sugar, butter, vanilla, almond extract and egg first. Then add flour. • Freeze dough for 15-20 minutes. • Grease your cookie sheet. • Roll out dough to be 1/4 inch thick. If you don’t have a rolling pin, a wine bottle covered in flour works well! • Cut cookies into fun shapes! • Bake 7-8 minutes, until edges are golden brown. Gingerbread cookies For those who have a

little more time to spend in the kitchen and are eager for a traditional treat, gingerbread cookies are the way to go. Ingredients: • 1/4 cup brown sugar • 1 tbsp shortening or butter replacement • 1/3 cup molasses • 1/8 cup cold water • 1 3/4 cups all-purpose flour • 1/2 tsp baking soda • 1/2 tsp ground ginger • a dash of salt • 1/4 tsp ground allspice • 1/4 tsp ground cloves • 1/4 tsp ground cinnamon Instructions: • Preheat oven to 350 degrees Fahrenheit. • Mix sugar, shortening, molasses and water together. • S t i r i n r e m a i n i n g ingredients. • Cover and freeze for 15 minutes. • While the dough hardens, grease cookie sheet. • Roll out dough to be 1/4

inch thick. • Cut with your favorite cookie cutters! • Place cookies 2 inches apart on baking sheet and bake for 8-12 minutes, checking often. Icing: Everyone knows that a holiday cookie is only as good as its icing. This recipe is a goto in my family, bringing holiday joy to festivities for years. Ingredients: • 2 cups powdered sugar • 3 tsp milk or water • 1 tsp butter or alternative • vanilla extract, to taste • almond extract, to taste Instructions: Melt butter and water or milk together. Stir butter liquid into powdered sugar and add remaining ingredients. Add extra water or milk as needed, but be careful not to make the icing too runny. F ro s t y o u r c o o k i e s ,

Holiday cookies on display on Tuesday, Dec. 10. (Emily Urfer / Minnesota Daily)

letting them dry for at least two hours before boxing them up. White chocolate-covered pretzels For the busiest of students, white chocolate-covered pretzels are the way to get holiday flavor in a pinch. Ingredients: • one bag of snack pretzels • one bag of white chocolate or white chocolate

chips Instructions: • Melt chocolate in the microwave for 1 1/2 minutes. Check consistency. • Melt in additional 15-second intervals, until chocolate is smooth and melted. • Cover pretzels in white chocolate and add sprinkles for extra festivity. • Let harden for at least an hour.





Editorials & Opinions

In cold weather, in cold blood

Uma Venkata columnist

On Dec. 1, 2019, in South Minneapolis, David Schladetzky went to his ex-wife’s house to pick up his two sons. The boys, 8 and 11, were expecting him. When they ran to the front porch to meet him, he shot them. They were dead by the time police could get them into a squad car. Schladetzky went into the house to shoot and stab his ex-wife as of this June, and then he died by suicide. They were both found dead on scene, like the boys. No one outside their marriage had reported any indicator that this would happen. Now, an outwardly happy Minneapolis woman and her two boys are dead. The greatest enabler of domestic

violence is its invisibility. Across the world, the norm tends to be not to interfere with cases of domestic violence or abuse. It’s common to write it off as “their business.” It’s domestic, it happens in the home and it’s as old as sex itself. The people whose job it is to intervene and investigate are the police, a demographic who are consistently found to commit domestic violence against their partners at greater rates than the general population. This may all be the status quo, but — and I know this is obvious — none of this validates or excuses domestic violence. A high-profile case from 2018, wherein three teenage daughters killed their father in a suburb of Moscow, is still under trial in Russia. Mikhail Khachaturyan banished his wife from their apartment after beating her for years, with no response from police to her calls for help. Their neighbors were similarly afraid of Khachaturyan and had approached the police for help in the past. The police did nothing. Khachaturyan then sexually, physically and mentally abused his 17-, 18-, and 19-year-old daughters for years until they worked together one night to kill him with his own tools: a knife, hammer and pepper spray. The three daughters are now, essentially, in a nationwide tug-of-war between men’s rights groups and human rights activists. The former label them murderers, a threat to men’s existence and the latter declare them acting in self-defense.

Russia is an interesting case. The Duma rolled back protections on domestic violence in 2017 under Putin, so now, for beatings of spouses or children that result in blood or bruises, but no broken bones or hospital visit, are maximally punished by a fine or two weeks in custody, and you can do this up to once per year before it starts to matter. This obviously reinforces a culture of fear and the right of might. This furthers a mentality where women, the weaker sex, are punching bags who can’t complain. Must be a pity they can vote. You don’t need to speak a word of Russian to begin to imagine the fear that the girls lived in if you watch the video their father recorded. On Nov. 23 of this year, citizens all over France marched against the femicide that makes up more than 10% of all murders in the country. They are domestic abuse, they are labelled “crimes of passion,” but they are still one person directly causing the death of another. Here I was, naively thinking about feminism in France in terms of the bold statements of La majorité opprimée and the film Je ne suis pas un homme facile. (Check it out on Netflix, it’s super fun). Domestic batteries, assaults and deaths are not a uniquely American problem, or Russian or French. Domestic violence is usually pretty invisible, just like Schladetzky’s. I hope my fellow women don’t live with the quiet, permanent fear that you may one day date someone who


We should be grateful for the community members who marched for climate action University administration should have welcomed this as an opportunity to engage with students.


ll of us in the University of Minnesota community owe a debt of gratitude to the students and

community members who marched to Morrill Hall to demand that the University take effective action in mitigating the devastating effects of the fossil fuel industry on the current climate catastrophe. At a minimum, the University administration should have welcomed this as an opportunity to engage with students in an eminently “teachable” moment. To instead have placed Morrill Hall on lockdown sent a chilling message to those in our community who are eager to engage in debate about this pressing moral — and, indeed, existential — issue. Students also demanded that the University create a climate and environmental studies major. Although there are reasons to be skeptical about allowing University curriculum to be dictated by student demand, in this instance students and faculty are in agreement regarding the significance of this generation of students being educated about issues of climate and environmental justice. Those students wishing to so educate themselves already have at least one such resource at the University: the philosophy department regularly


teaches courses in environmental justice and moral problems of contemporary society which tackle questions of climate and environmental justice head-on.

Michelle Mason Bizri is an associate professor in the Depar tment of Philosophy.

will kill you. But we probably all do. We can raise our boys to channel their disappointment correctly. We can reject and reconstruct threatening attitudes early in a relationship. But we all probably personally know, and will know, a lot more people than we’re aware of who undergo abuse at home that is somehow much more acceptable than two men beating each other up at a house party. Man or woman, commit violence against no one, and believe the ones who send even the slightest distress signal. You might save a life.

Uma Venkata welcomes comments at

SHARE YOUR VIEWS The Minnesota Daily welcomes letters and guest columns from readers. All letters must include the writer’s name, address and phone number for verification. The Daily reserves the right to edit all letters for style, space, libel and grammar. Letters to the editor should be no more than 500 words in length. Guest columns should be approximately 350 words. The Daily reserves the right to print any submission as a letter or guest column. Submission does not guarantee publication. Fax: (612) 435-5865 Phone: (612) 435-1578 Letters and columns to the editor 2221 University Ave. SE Suite 450 Minneapolis, MN 55414

This letter to the editor has been lightly edited for style and clarity.

EDITORIALS & OPINIONS DEPARTMENT Editorials represent the voice of the Minnesota Daily as an institution and are prepared by the editorial board.






Today’s Birthday (12/12): Personal dreams are within reach this year. Reap a golden reward for steady actions. Your income increases this winter before you resolve a family financial challenge. Jump a personal hurdle next summer before surging income benefits shared accounts. Apply your talents, energy and passion for an inspiring purpose.


To get the advantage, check the day’s rating: 10 is the easiest day, 0 the most challenging. Written by Nancy Black

Aries (3/21 - 4/19): Today is a 7 — Household issues have your attention. Make repairs and clean up. Increase efficiency. Save more than necessary. Listen to your intuition. Align on changes together.

Libra (9/23 - 10/22): Today is a 9 — You’re attracting the attention of someone professionally influential. Use diplomacy and tact. Present a polished performance. Meditate on your vision.

Taurus (4/20 - 5/20): Today is an 8 — You can learn what you need to know. Do the research to lay down strong foundations for a creative project. Keep everyone briefed on new changes.

Scorpio (10/23 - 11/21): Today is an 8 — Study different options and experiment with new concepts. Travel expands your view. Set realistic goals and share them. Make a long-distance connection.

Gemini (5/21 - 6/21): Today is an 8 — Profits are available with work and focus. Unexpected terrain provides a fruitful harvest. Invest in success. Follow an elder’s advice. Keep promises and bargains.

Sagittarius (11/22 - 12/21): Today is an 8 — Collaborate for shared gain. A lack of funds could threaten your plans. Deal with legal affairs, taxes and insurance. Handle finances for peace of mind.

Cancer (6/22 - 7/22): Today is a 9 — Personal matters take focus. What you need is nearby. Check out an interesting suggestion. Try a new style or look. Pamper yourself with small kindnesses.

Capricorn (12/22 - 1/19): Today is a 7 — Compromise in order to adapt to changes with your partner. Negotiate and refine plans. Indulge nostalgic reflection. Nurture optimism and possibility.

Leo (7/23 - 8/22): Today is a 7 — Complete old projects to make way for new ones. Take a philosophical outlook. Introspection can allow you to process the past. Share your gratitude with others.

Aquarius (1/20 - 2/18): Today is a 9 — Focus to manage work, health and fitness practices. Schedule carefully to meet the rising demand for your time and labors. Keep equipment maintained. Eat well.

Virgo (8/23 - 9/22): Today is an 8 — Maintain objectivity with a group project. Determine which option gets your vote after consideration and review. Find ways to collaborate and share the load.

Pisces (2/19 - 3/20): Today is an 8 — Make time for fun and romance. Indulge a favorite pursuit, sport or hobby. Enjoy great art, music or entertainment. Follow curiosities with someone sweet.


Dr. Date,

Look, a girl’s gotta eat. So when I’m feeling up to it, I do what any single girl does — swipe right on every guy on Tinder in hopes of a dinner date. So far, this method has been working out well. I get a free meal, some guy gets company, and we both part happily (and satiated), never to meet again. This month my budget has been rough, so I’ve been swiping right more than usual. I actually matched with someone who’s totally my type and was thrilled when he suggested we go out to dinner. Maybe this time, my night could end with a little more action, right? We went out to this great pho place and had a wonderful time. For once, I was actually enjoying the night. But when the check came and the waiter asked if we were together, he said, “Split check, please.” I was horrified! Here I thought we vibed together, and he’s making me pay for my own meal! Worst of all, I didn’t have enough and had to run to the bathroom to transfer money from my savings account. He just asked me out again, but I don’t know how to tell him he’ll have to pay. Should I go back to the days of loveless lunch, or try my luck (and my bank account) with a new man?

–Famished and Flat Broke

Dear Famished and Flat Broke,

Look, I don’t mean to be too harsh, but you are everyone’s Tinder nightmare. Thinking someone likes you then finding out they were taking advantage of you is soul-crushing in the dating world. There are plenty of viable options for free food without borderline scamming people. Anyways, unless you’re prepared to explain your history on dating apps, I wouldn’t go out on a date that costs money with this guy. You can always have him over to Netflix and chill, but hoping that he’ll take care of the bill and having no backup plan when he doesn’t is a relationship killer. Check out some free date ideas so you can stop using dating apps to find both food and love — it’s just not fair to the people involved.

–Dr. Date

Dr. Date,

I’ve always been confident with my looks. I might not have the “ideal” Victoria’s Secret model body, but I’m happy with who I am. I’ve been dating my girlfriend for over a year and thought she felt the same, until recently. When we first talked about our exes a few months into dating, I stalked them on social media and noticed she had a type: Instagram influencers. Her ex-flings are all super toned, with long blonde hair and a smile sponsored by some online-only braces company. One of them even has almost 100,000 followers. Needless to say, that’s not me at all, but she reassured me by saying those things don’t matter to her anymore. Last week, I was feeling very insecure and turned to my girlfriend for some help. I asked her why she loved me considering the models she used to date, and she said “Just because you’re not as hot as them doesn’t mean I don’t love you as much!” Ouch. Ever since that comment, I’ve been torturing myself by looking at her exes and seeing how much better they look. It’s really affected my self-confidence. How do I tell her how much she hurt me?

–Not a FitTea Girl

Dear Not a FitTea Girl,

A classic case of foot-in-mouth syndrome. I doubt your girlfriend was trying to be cruel, but you need to tell her how much something like that affects you. She’s not a mind reader, so explain to her that while her comment may not have had malicious intent, it was still hurtful and brought up bad memories. Your girlfriend may have had one type in the past, but people can be attracted to a variety of people. Overall, it’s about chemistry and connection, not just what you look like or post on Instagram. Rest assured that your girlfriend still loves you, but is sometimes just clueless. While you’re at it, watch out for Instagram ads — does Sugar Bear Hair really work?

–Dr. Date

Dr. Date is a satirical advice column dissecting real-world situations. Want advice from the love doctor? Email Dr. Date at


Last Issue’s Puzzle Solved Complete the grid so each row, column and 3-by-3 box (in bold borders) contains every digit 1 to 9.


For strategies on how to solve sudoku, visit

Last issue’s solution

© 2019 Michael Mepham. Distributed by Tribune Media Services. All rights reserved.


Thursday, December 12, 2019

For many advocates, federal protections for disabled students are not enough

ADA requirements may not be enough to ensure access for disabled students. BY HANA IKRAMUDDIN Tate Hall, like many other buildings on the University of Minnesota’s Twin Cities campus, is compliant with the federal Americans with Disabilities Act. The bathrooms have accessibility stalls, there are multiple elevators and the building has two entrances for those with mobility challenges. Despite its compliance, it can seem hard, if not impossible, for some attending classes to navigate the building alone. The ADA is a federal law enacted in the 1990s to mitigate discrimination of people with disabilities. While there are multiple sections, one aspect requires public buildings, like those on the University’s campus, to meet certain accessibility standards. According to Katrina Jirik, who has multiple disabilities impacting her motor control, communication and sensory perception, many buildings on campus are extremely difficult to navigate, even accounting for the aid she depends on to travel the halls in her power chair. Katrina, who recently finished her graduate program at the University, pointed to the bathrooms in the recently renovated Tate Hall. In compliance with the ADA, each bathroom in Tate has accessibility stalls. However, for those with mobility challenges hoping to get in or out of the bathroom, there is no push plate, often forcing them to wait for outside assistance. One accessibility entrance to the building requires two doors to enter. While the first has a push

plate installed, the second does not. According to Katrina and her mother Barbara, who occasionally acts as Katrina’s aide, this adds a second layer of difficulty in an area specifically designated for those with mobility challenges. “These [are] sort of small frustrations, but it is those small frustrations that keep students who are already enrolled from staying because it’s so much extra work,” said Sally Kohlstedt, who was Katrina’s adviser. “It’s incredibly inhibiting [and] time consuming.” According to many with mobility challenges that use walkers or wheelchairs, this problem is not limited to Tate Hall. Many other buildings on campus have similar issues. “Part of the problem is that the ADA is looked at as a series of specifications that must be met, but not as a way to ensure participation of all sorts of people within the building. People with disabilities are a marginalized group in our society and as such, are rarely part of the process, so things get designed to meet specifications and not actual needs,” Katrina said in an email to the Minnesota Daily. Many advocates say people see the ADA as a minimum that can be checked off and forgotten. To them, this is a potential explanation for why buildings can be both compliant with the decades-old law but still fail to allow those with mobility challenges fair and easy access into a building. “The ADA, like any discrimination law, is prone to … people [meeting] the legal portion, and they don’t meet the ideological goals of it,” said University senior Cole Anderson, who has dealt with troubles surrounding accessibility. According to Katrina and Barbara, the process

of requesting adjustments from the University, such as adding door openers, has been a major challenge. “A door opener is considered a personal accommodation, which you have to request from Disability Services. You have to give a reason why you are in that building and having to use the bathroom is not acceptable,” Barbara said. The University is responsible for ensuring ADA code is met on campus; however, it is not obligated to provide support beyond law. For this reason, some say it is easier for students to ask their advisers, teachers or department heads responsible for the space in question to make changes, as opposed to going to the Disability Resource Center. “If an individual at the U of M requires a modification to their physical environment to participate in work, an activity, or class, the DRC works through the interactive process with the individual and other necessary parties to determine the best possible reasonable accommodation,” said Roberta Kehne,the center’s physical access coordinator. The DRC works to meet the highest standards of accessibility, she said. Ac c o r d i n g t o R y a n Machtmes, president of the Organization for Graduate and Professional Students with Disabilities, advocacy for those with disabilities goes beyond mandatory compliance. “Minimum compliance is, in our opinion, insufficient for the need,” Machtmes said, adding that while many student advocates on campus feel that ADA does not do enough, the University is only required to comply, not go any further. According to Peter Berg, a representative from the

Top, The Tate Laboratory of Physics as seen from Church Street on Monday Sept. 11, 2017 on East Bank. (Courtney Deutz / Minnesota Daily) Bottom, Katrina and Barbara Jirik in Tate Hall on Weds. Nov. 20. (Hana Ikramuddin / Minnesota Daily)

Great Lakes ADA Center, which works to educate and train organizations on how to comply with the federal law, the ADA is not meant for universal accessibility. Instead, it is to allow a reasonable amount of individuals easy access to a building. “You could have a brand-new building, newly constructed, [that] completely complies with all the minimum ADA accessibility requirements,” Berg said. “But, it still may not be usable by a certain segment of the population of people with disabilities because of that individual’s particular disability or functional limitation. So even in a building that is fully compliant, some people may have difficulty [using it] or be unable to use portions of it.” While ADA-compliant buildings may not accommodate everyone, some buildings across the Twin Cities do not meet code at all, said Ondrew Tillotson, an officer of the Disabled Student Cultural Center.

Managing to comply is a prerequisite for any further action the University needs to take, he said. Student groups like OGSPD are working to tackle some of the accessibility issues on campus, gathering data and creating awareness campaigns. Graduate student and OGPSD member Mahesh Mathew is in the process of conducting a three-part survey of people with disabilities on campus to gather information on inaccessible areas at the University. The results, which he plans to release in the next few months, will showcase areas and experiences that are particularly challenging. Additionally, Anderson, an undergrad in the geography department, is working on a project to gather blueprints of University buildings. These blueprints, which he plans to adapt for those with disabilities, can then be distributed to anyone who can benefit from having an increased awareness of possible paths

they can take to a class. “I see a lot of my blind colleagues spend a lot of energy [trying] to navigate [buildings],” Anderson said. “They have to spend a lot of time figuring out where everything is.” This month, OGPSD is holding a campaign to gather video evidence of inaccessible areas on campus. By renting out GoPro cameras to students with accessibility barriers, the group can record and report particularly problematic areas. OGPSD intends to send the evidence to the administration and the Minnesota Student Association in an appeal to have the areas amended. “[These] are important conversations that need to happen for the benefit of not only students with disabilities on campus, but really all students, because when a university is accommodating and supportive of all of the students, then all students grow and work together,” Machtmes said.

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December 12, 2019  

December 12, 2019  

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