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The stressed generation

Thousands cast ballots early at U The on-campus early vote center brought around 10 percent of votes citywide.



As University of Minnesota senior Audra Weigand planned her Election Day schedule, she noticed she was too busy to turn out to the polls. She remembered reading about a campus early vote center on Facebook, and headed over to use it a week before the general election. Weigand’s was one of about 2,800 of votes cast at the early vote center housed in the University’s Field House. Contributing around 26,000 early votes cast citywide, the center brought in the lowest turnout numbers of all four early vote locations. Still, experts say the center’s presence on campus contributed to more students turning out than in previous midterm elections. “We wanted to try and reach out to the student population,” said Minneapolis chief elections official Casey Carl. “The motivation behind that was really driven by the fact that, nationally, research shows the younger demographic of voters, 18 to 30, traditionally ... have shown the lowest turnout.” u See EARLY VOTING Page 4


Changes to U leave policy run into opposition Some faculty have concerns about eliminating the current option for single-semester leave. BY AUSTEN MACALUS

Proposed changes to the University of Minnesota’s sabbatical policy will undergo further review following opposition from several faculty members in the University Senate. University officials put forth a revised policy that would allow for faculty to apply for a one-semester sabbatical at full pay, but eliminate the opportunity to take a more flexible single-semester leave. Some faculty raised concerns about losing the benefit at a Faculty Senate meeting earlier this month. While a leave can be used for more general purposes, a sabbatical is a period of paid leave for staff and researchers that allows them to conduct research, projects or other academic work. Under current University policy, eligible faculty can take a full year or a one-semester sabbatical, both at half-pay. Colleges may also allow a small number of faculty to take single-semester leaves, which are a more flexible option. “What we heard throughout our consultation process is that that’s just not an u See LEAVE Page 5



A recent report found that political events lead to more stress and anxiety for Gen Z. BY DYLAN MIETTINEN

A study released late last month found that Generation Z, consisting of those aged 15 to 21, is the most stressed generation. Recent events, including gun violence, climate change and sexual harassment, are major stress-inducing factors that can lead to depression and anxiety, according to the American Psychological Association study. These factors are often highlighted by the media, making it difficult to escape. Experts and students at the University of Minnesota agree that Gen Z college students show significant signs of stress. Jake Loeffler, an outreach coordinator and staff psychologist for the University’s Student Counseling Services, said he’s not surprised by these findings. “The environment that we’ve created is breeding depression,” Loeffler said. Student Counseling Services has seen an increase in students seeking support this year, he said. Factors such as student debt and the implications of political events can lead to increased stress, Loeffler added. “Our work-life balance is really high on the work side of things. And the student loan crisis is very real. That’s a lot for students to manage. … You’re making a huge financial decision right out of high school,” Loeffler said. According to the study, much of the Gen Z population feels an overwhelming


Undecided freshman Chelsea Collins, microbiology junior Jenna Hovind and microbiology sophomore Michael Staff attend PAWS, an event that brings animals on campus to help relieve students’ stress, on Monday, Nov. 12 at the Recreation and Wellness Center.

sense of disheartenment, not just about their world, but about the future of their country. 66 percent say they do not believe the nation is moving toward a stronger future. In an effort to combat this, Jenna Hovind, a junior studying microbiology,

“Everything that gets reported on just makes me feel like the world is just such an awful place.” CHELSEA COLLINS University freshman

volunteers with Pet Away Worry and Stress, an on-campus animal therapy program by Boynton Health. She does what many her age do: try to decrease, in any small way, the immense amount of stress they feel. Hovind agreed with the study’s

findings and blames technology for the proliferation of Gen Z’s stress. “At any moment, we can just Google anything to see what’s going on in other countries,” she said. “We feel pressured to know what’s going on everywhere at all times, and that can feel super futile when it seems like we can’t change anything.” Marla Krzmarzick, a freshman studying electrical engineering, said the stakes seem higher and the pressures greater when the world is available immediately through a screen, echoing the significance of technology and social media in the lives of Gen Z. “Years ago, I think people stressed about things happening immediately around them,” Krzmarzick said. “Like, I stress about the paper I have due next week. But then there are all these awful things happening in the wider world — horrible, horrible atrocities. I feel like there’s nothing I can really do about that, and it stresses me out.” u See GEN Z Page 4


University awarded grant to expand uncommon language programs The grant will also help the Institute of Global Studies expand global studies courses. BY CAITLIN ANDERSON

The Institute for Global Studies is working to implement a newly-awarded grant to support the department and help fund fellowships for languages that are taught less frequently. The $4 million grant is being distributed

to the institute over the next four years and is being rolled out this semester. The U.S. Department of Education awarded the grant to the Institute to increase students’ knowledge of global topics and support language programs. About $3 million of the funding is going to support fellowships that help students studying languages less commonly taught at the University. The funding will double the amount of these fellowships awarded, according to a press release from the Institute. “It provides resources to develop new

courses and new pedagogies that wouldn’t be provided otherwise,” said Evelyn Davidheiser, director of the Institute for Global Studies. The institute is a National Resource Center – a federally-designated center with international programs within universities. “This ... grant program has been around for about 60 years and it’s designed to promote global competency knowledge about other parts of the world and language capacity in the U.S.,” Davidheiser said. u See LANGUAGE Page 5


Provost to remain in her role, provide stability during presidential transition Karen Hanson will be on leave from January to March, and then return on April 1. BY HELEN SABROWSKY


Provost Karen Hanson listens during a Board of Regents meeting at McNamara Alumni Center on Thursday, Feb. 8.

After a three-month leave of absence beginning in January, University of Minnesota Executive Vice President and Provost Karen Hanson will return to her role full-time April 1, straying from a previous announcement that she would leave her role at the end of the year. Hanson, who has held the position for almost seven years, will continue in the role until the next University president names her successor, a process that could take up to a year. Vice Provost and

Dean of Undergraduate Education Robert McMaster will serve as acting executive vice president and provost during Hanson’s leave. In her August announcement, Hanson cited personal and family considerations as reasons for stepping down, but said a three-month leave will provide her time to attend to them and allow her to return to the University. Hanson said she was interested in returning due to the transition in University leadership. “It’s a somewhat tender moment for the University with so many changes taking place in the administration and I care about this place a lot and would like to do all I can to maintain the momentum we have and bring stability,” Hanson said. u See PROVOST Page 4






Daily Review


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Thursday, November 15, 2018 Vol. 119 No. 22

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Gophers April Bockin, Emily Peterson and Molly Fiedler celebrate a penalty kick scored by Bockin at Elizabeth Lyle Robbie Stadium on Sunday, Sept. 16.

Students boost midterm turnout Midterm voter results showed a significant rise in student turnout. BY ISABELLA MURRAY

Last week’s midterm election saw a surge in voter turnout throughout Minneapolis, including several student-dense areas. While student turnout proved to be less than city averages, student precincts showed higher turnout rates than the 2014 midterm election. Experts say while student voter turnout is historically low, the 2016 presidential election mobilized student populations. “I’ve heard a lot of discouraging comments about students, and it turns out — in 2018 — that’s unfair. Students are watching, they care and they turned out,” said Larry Jacobs, director of the University’s Center for the Study of Politics and Governance at the Humphrey School of Public Affairs. In Minneapolis, registered voter turnout was more than 67 percent, compared to around 55 percent in 2014. Student precincts

also experienced significant increases. Superblock voted in precinct 2-10. In 2014, registered voter turnout in this precinct was 32 percent, while it was 56 percent this election. Dinkytown, where students voted in precincts Ward 3-1 and 3-2, saw 42 and 45 percent of voters turn out in 2014, while 60 and 71 percent turned out out this election, respectively. Como voted in precincts 2-3 and 1-7. In 2014, registered voter turnout was 44 and 45 respectively, while it was 67 and 70 percent in the respective precincts this election. “The higher turnout around younger people will turn out to be an important and surprising development of 2018,” Jacobs said. Students voting in all University-area precincts leaned overwhelmingly democratic. Over 70 percent of votes went to elected DFL candidates Amy Klobuchar, Tina Smith, Tim Walz, Ilhan Omar and Mohamud Noor in these precincts. “People always say it’s tough to get students to vote, and while it may at times be difficult to get students to

BUSINESS Darya Karas Sales Manager David Keane Controller The Minnesota Daily strives for complete accuracy and corrects its errors immediately. Corrections and clarifications will always be printed in this space. If you believe the Daily has printed a factual error, please call the readers’ representative at (612) 627–4070, extension 3057, or email immediately.


Election Judge Helen Torrens helps a voter through a window at Van Cleve Park on Tuesday, Nov. 6.

vote, 20 of them can change the whole frickin’ world through their passion and organizing, and next thing you know, you’ve got a blue wave coming,” Minneapolis Mayor Jacob Frey said at the DFL’s election night party. Preliminary estimates indicate that around 64 percent of voters statewide turned out, either in-person

or by absentee ballot voting. “That is the highest percentage of voter participation in Minnesota for a midterm election since 2002 and the largest raw total for a midterm election in Minnesota history,” Minnesota Secretary of State Steve Simon said in a press release. Students also door knocked, attended campus

political groups’ meetings and registered to vote in higher numbers than past years. Jacobs said that lawmakers should take notice of the increased student engagement. “After all, if students help to vote you in, they can also help to vote you out,” he said.

Rural, opioid-using mothers lack options A University study found opioid-affected births are increasing in rural regions. BY LEW BLANK

A study released by the University of Minnesota late last month found that opioidusing women in rural parts of the U.S. often lack adequate health treatment during childbirth. The number of children in Minnesota with neonatal abstinence syndrome, a harmful disease seen in the children of opioid-using mothers, has increased by 70 percent between 2012 and 2016, according to the Minnesota Department of Health. A driving

factor behind the increase is a lack of high-quality opioid treatment in rural clinics, according to the research. The study discovered that rural women with opioid use disorder gave birth in rural hospitals 62.5 percent of the time, while a minority — 37.5 percent — migrate to urban hospitals for natal care. This can cause problems for children with NAS, as rural clinics often lack the training, funding and resources of urban hospitals. When opioid-using mothers in rural areas give birth, they often don’t have the time or the money to travel long distances to an urban hospital with high quality treatments for NAS, said Bert Chantarat, a University graduate student who helped analyze the

EDITORIAL BOARD Ray Weishan Editorials & Opinions Editor Ariana Wilson Editorial Board Member Hailey Almstead Editorial Board Member Kelly Busche Editor-in-Chief

results of the study. “They may live in somewhere like Bemidji and they have to go to a hospital ... miles away,” Chantarat said. “That’s a big issue.” Rural clinics are less likely to be certified to provide medication-assisted treatment, a common treatment for opioid disorders. This can leave children born to opioid-using mothers at greater risk to the effects of NAS, the symptoms of which mimic the dependency and withdrawal experience of regular opioid users, said Holly Geyer, a doctor at the Mayo Clinic with expertise in opioid disorders. “Out in rural areas, where you might have only a nurse practitioner or a physician assistant ... our patients don’t get [medication-assisted

treatment],” Geyer said. “Patients are unlikely in many circumstances to travel all the way back to urban areas just to receive a prescription.” It is especially difficult for rural women to seek care in urban clinics because prenatal care typically requires multiple hospital visits, which poses a financial barrier to rural women, said Cresta Jones, who studies opioid use and its effects and helped conduct the study. One solution to the disparity between the quality of care in urban and rural clinics is training to rural doctors how to properly treat NAS, said Kurt DeVine, a doctor who leads initiatives throughout Minnesota to expand opioid treatment to rural communities.

“It’s about education,” he said. “We go to a lot of places and ... we almost always convince a fair number of the people there that [opioid treatment] is a very useful and convenient type of thing to have available all over rural areas.” Jones said it is also important to allocate more funding and resources to rural doctors at both the state and federal level in order to provide better care for children affected by NAS. “We can’t just be building … centers of excellence in the urban areas,” she said. “We need to get out to the rural communities, train providers there and give them the resources to give the same [opioid treatment] in rural communities as we would in more urban communities.”

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Thursday, November 15, 2018


Interaction improves learning, study says

Students give presentations in BIOL 3211 - Physiology of Humans and Other Animals in an active learning classroom in Bruininks Hall on Thursday, April 19.

Researchers studied how active learning classrooms increase total understanding. BY CAITLIN ANDERSON

A new study published by University of Minnesota researchers found that working in groups can help students better understand classroom material. The study, published last month, found that within STEM-related courses, such as chemistry, group dialogue improved critical thinking about concepts students

were learning. The researchers wanted to see if active learning was an effective form of learning information. “What happens to students when they are interacting and engaging with other students? How do they benefit?” said Abdi Warfa, a lead researcher for the study and a University assistant professor in biology teaching and learning. “Interactions change how students think about scientific concepts.” The study was done in a freshman chemistry class at the University of WisconsinRiver Falls. According to Warfa, the 84 students who participated were put into

small groups for the study. “We work better when we are in a group, and we can share our ideas and refine our ideas with other people,” said Gillian Roehrig, a University professor and associate director of the STEM Education Center. This study comes at a time when an emphasis on active learning in classrooms is taking place. Active learning works to engage students more with the material rather than sitting in a lecture, Warfa said. “The prevalence of these courses are increasing, so we want to understand how to we make this efficient,” he said. “We want to understand

the discourse that is happening in these groups.” Kelley O’Brien, a University junior studying medical laboratory sciences, said only a few of her classes have involved active learning in her classes. But she thinks it does help with comprehending the material. “You can trade your knowledge,” she said. “I think group work is helpful, but it depends on the class.” The researchers who conducted the study are in the Department of Biology Teaching and Learning, which works to apply research to help change scientific education, according to their website.

While the study focused on science-related classes, group discourse in classrooms can be applied across many disciplines, Roehrig said. One of the goals of the study is to develop better curriculum within classes, Warfa said. “We don’t naturally know how to work in a group and share our ideas and not put people down,” Roehrig said. “That’s the piece that we have to work hard at.” The next steps following this study include collecting data on the topic from other institutions and looking to see if group composition, like participants’ genders,


influences active learning. “What becomes important is creating a learning environment that is conducive to how we think people learn,” Warfa said.

“We work better when we are in a group, and we can share our ideas and refine our ideas with other people.” GILLIAN ROEHRIG associate director STEM Education Center

UMN report: our diets affect environment The review looked at the effects diet can have on health and environment. BY NIKKI PEDERSON

A review released by University of Minnesota researchers late last month looked at the world’s changing diets, and a related increase in disease and environmental degradation that comes with it – what researchers have called the diet, health and environment “trilemma.” With the world population expected to reach over 9 billion people by the mid-century, feeding that amount of people will come with challenges and risks. As societies become richer and more urbanized, the food the population consumes becomes higher in calories and leans heavily on animal products. These trends are on a trajectory to become more severe during the coming decades, especially in developing nations, according to the article. With these changes, there is an increased prevalence of diet-related diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and obesity, as well as an increase in fertilizer use, biodiversity loss and greenhouse gas emissions. The review was a collaboration between Michael Clark, a University graduate student, and University faculty members including Jason Hill, a professor in the Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems Engineering. Hill said that the world faces a challenge in trying to solve the diet, health and environmental problems. “And these challenges are linked,” he added. Different foods take up different amounts of land and can release varying amounts of greenhouse gas

emissions. Research has found that plant-based foods often have the lowest emissions per kilocalorie of food produced and also require the least amount of land. Animals such as cattle, sheep and goats require approximately 2,000 to 10,000 percent more land than plant-based foods, depending on the extent of their grazing. They can also contribute up to 10,000 percent more greenhouse gas emissions. This is largely in part because of the inefficiency with which they convert feed into human-edible food, according to the article. “We have a lot of resources going to food and those resources have an environmental impact,” said Jennifer Schmitt, program director of the NorthStar Initiative at the Institute on the Environment. “One could argue it’s justifiable — we have to feed ourselves — but when we have excess resources … then we’re not getting a benefit from it and we’re actually causing more harm.” Increasing crop yield and productivity is important for an increasing population, but can negatively affect the planet. Food production can be increased in two ways, said Deepak Ray, a scientist at the Institute on the Environment. The area of the harvest can be increased or the production yield of the crop can. “Agriculture is affected by our weather and climate, but it also affects our weather and climate,” Ray said. The trends found in food consumption can also be applied to human health, according to the review. In general, diets higher in plant-based foods are associated with reduced disease risk, compared to omnivorous diets where people consume more meat and dairy. Consuming red or processed red meats, which the World Health Organization lists as Group 2A and Group 1 (the same level


as smoking tobacco) carcinogens respectively, is associated with poor health and diet-related disease. The review looked at possible solutions for the issues presented. One option suggested a switch to more plant-based diets, such as Mediterranean, vegetarian or vegan diets. Global adoption of these healthier diets

could reduce global dietrelated emissions by up to 60 percent, research found. A dietary switch could also simultaneously benefit human health, as diabetes and other food-related diseases are expected to increase over 50 percent in the next few decades. Another suggestion the University researchers list-

ed was to limit food waste, as 30 to 40 percent of all food production is lost or wasted. “You put all of these [land and water] resources that have a carbon impact and have other environmental impacts ... into something that just goes into the trash?” Schmitt said. “That’s a waste of resources.” Other options include

imwproving crop yield, improved land use planning and more efficient fertilizer use. “There are great challenges ahead of us in solving the world’s diet, health and environmental problems,” Hill said. “But there are also things that we can do to reduce the negative impacts that this ‘trilemma’ has upon us.”


Thursday, November 15, 2018


A vote poster is on the ground on the University of Minnesota’s mall on Tuesday, Nov. 6.

Early voting u from Page 1

This was the first election that had an early vote center on campus. Carl said making voting accessible for students and immigrant populations was a goal of the placement. “[The area around the University] is also an area that’s very high in terms of

Gen Z u from Page 1

Chelsea Collins, an undecided freshman, said she often tunes out the news because it acts as such a major source of stress. “I don’t watch news much. It’s just so negative, I try to avoid it,” she said. “Everything that gets reported on just makes me feel like the world is just such an awful place.” The APA study showed members of Gen Z feel greater stress regarding national issues covered by the news than the broader adult population.

immigrant populations who are new citizens, so close to Cedar-Riverside for example, and so we were trying to make sure we hit multiple audiences for potential voters who have shown historically low rates of turnout,” Carl said. The downtown early vote center and a north Minneapolis location have existed since 2016. This

election, a Northeast location was moved to campus. Uptown also had a center for the first time. “I think the [University] location did okay,” Carl said. “I think it can do better in the future, but this is our first year at the campus, and I think it would be good for us to commit to a longer term partnership with the campus so … the neighborhood can

start to get used to it.” The three neighborhood locations were only open for the seven days leading up to Election Day, while the downtown location opened Sept. 21. The downtown location saw the highest turnout with around 12,200 ballots cast. “I had thought about early voting in past elections, but it was always at different areas

Alison Brown, who volunteers with PAWS regularly with her Great Dane, Phoenix, said young adults are facing stressors now that are far different than previous generations — including hers — have faced. “I don’t think the stress has necessarily grown, per se, but I definitely think it’s changed,” Brown said. “Presidents didn’t communicate via tweets. It’s brutal and it’s frightening. That’s why we volunteer here.” Looking forward, Loeffler said that it’s critical to focus on the positives. “As human beings, we tend to focus on the

negative. We tend to focus on all the things that go wrong, but it’s important to focus on all of the things that could go right, too,” he said.

Migrant caravan groups arrive at the US border

“The environment that we’ve created is breeding depression.” JAKE LOEFFLER outreach coordinator and staff psychologist for the University’s Student Counseling Services


TIJUANA, Mexico — Migrants in a caravan of Central Americans arrived in Tijuana by the hundreds Wednesday, getting their first glimpse of the robust U.S. military presence that awaits them after President Donald Trump ordered thousands of troops to the border. Several hundred people from the caravan got off buses and made their way to a shelter on the Mexican side near the border to line up for food. Doctors checked those fighting colds and other ailments while several dozen migrants, mostly single men, spent the night at a Tijuana beach that is cut by a towering border wall of metal bars. Several Border Patrol agents in San Diego watched them through the barrier separating the U.S. and Mexico. The first wave of migrants in the caravan, which became a central theme of the recent U.S. election, began arriving in Tijuana in recent days, and their numbers have grown each day. The bulk of the main caravan appeared to be about 1,100 miles (1,800 kilometers) from the border, but has recently been moving hundreds of miles a day by hitching rides on trucks and buses. Many of the new arrivals were waiting in Tijuana for the caravan leaders to arrive and provide guidance on their immigration options to the U.S., including seeking asylum. Some said they might cross illegally. U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis, meanwhile, visited U.S. troops posted at the border in Texas and said the deployment provides good training for war, despite criticism that the effort is a waste of taxpayer money and a political stunt. Most of the troops are in Texas, more than 1,500 miles from where the caravan is arriving. The first arrivals generally received a warm welcome from Tijuana, despite the fact that its shelter system to house migrants is at capacity. The city’s secretary of economic development has said there are about 3,000 jobs for migrants who want to stay in the city. Some residents came

like downtown, or at other spots that were off campus. This location was really accessible for me. I just don’t take public transit very often,” Weigand said. In preparation for the 2020 presidential election, the City is working with University administration and neighborhood vote center employees to gather feedback on the location’s

down to where the men were camped on a beach and gave them tacos to eat Wednesday. The Central Americans in the caravan are the latest migrants to arrive in Tijuana with the hope of crossing into the United States. Tijuana shelters in 2016 housed Haitians who came by the thousands after making their way from Brazil with plans to get to the U.S. Since then, several thousand Haitians have remained in Tijuana, finding work. Some have married local residents and enrolled in local universities. “Mexico has been excellent; we have no complaint about Mexico. The United States remains to be seen,” said Josue Vargas, a migrant from Honduras who finally pulled into Tijuana on Wednesday after more than a month on the road. Ilse Marilu, 24, arrived in Tijuana late Tuesday with her 3-year-old daughter, having joined the caravan with a large contingent from San Pedro Sula, Honduras. She walked several miles Tuesday in a fruitless search for space in a migrant shelter before reaching the beach plaza. A Mexican couple dropped off a tent that her daughter and three other children used to sleep in as an evening chill set in. She planned to stay in Tijuana until caravan leaders arrived and offered help on how to seek asylum in the US. “We are going to enter through the front door,” Marilu said, insisting she would never try to enter the country illegally. A few people pitched tents at the Tijuana beach plaza while most, like Henry Salinas, 30, of Honduras, planned to sleep there in the open. He said that he intended to wait for thousands more in the caravan to arrive and that he hoped to jump the fence in a large group at the same time, overwhelming Border Patrol agents. “It’s going to be all against one, one against all. All of Central America against one, and one against Central America. ... All against Trump, and Trump against all,” he said. On Tuesday, a couple of dozen migrants scaled the

success, Carl said. “I think early voting and the ability to cast a ballot on campus was a smart innovation. Anything that lowers the cost of casting a ballot is likely to increase turnout,” said Larry Jacobs, director of the University’s Center for the Study of Politics and Governance. “I hope the University will continue to encourage student voting.”

steel border fence to celebrate their arrival, chanting “Yes, we could!” One man dropped over to the U.S. side briefly as border agents watched from a distance. He ran quickly back to the fence. Tijuana’s head of migrant services, Cesar Palencia Chavez, said authorities offered to take the migrants to shelters immediately, but they initially refused. “They wanted to stay together in a single shelter,” Palencia Chavez said, “but at this time that’s not possible” because shelters are designed for smaller groups and generally offer separate facilities for men, women and families. But he said that after their visit to the border, most were taken to shelters in groups of 30 or 40. On Wednesday, buses and trucks carried some migrants into the state of Sinaloa along the Gulf of California and farther northward into the border state of Sonora. The Rev. Miguel Angel Soto, director of the Casa de Migrante in the Sinaloa capital of Culiacan, said about 2,000 migrants had arrived in that area. He said the state government, the Roman Catholic Church and city officials in Escuinapa, Sinaloa, were helping the migrants. The priest said the church had been able to get “good people” to provide buses for moving migrants northward. He said 24 buses had left Escuinapa on an eight-hour drive to Navojoa in Sonora state. Small groups were also reported in the northern cities of Saltillo and Monterrey, in the region near Texas. About 1,300 migrants in a second caravan were resting at a stadium in Mexico City, where the first group stayed several days last week. By early Wednesday, an additional 1,100 migrants from a third and last caravan also arrived at the stadium. Like most of those in the third caravan, migrant Javier Pineda is from El Salvador, and hopes to reach the United States. Referring to the first group nearing the end of the journey, Pineda said, “if they could do it, there is no reason why we can’t.”


Thursday, November 15, 2018

Leave u from Page 1

for financial circumstances,” said Rebecca RopersHuilman, vice provost for faculty and academic affairs, who presented the policy before several Senate committees this semester. The revised policy keeps the full year sabbatical and bumps a one-semester sabbatical up to full pay, while eliminating the singlesemester leave. “That’s the real concern we’re trying to address: to make [sabbatical] possible

for people who have a high quality scholarly idea for which more intensive time would be useful,” RopersHuilman said. “They would be able to do that with much much less attention to their own personal financial circumstances.” Peh Ng, chair of the Senate Committee on Faculty Affairs, said many faculty members she talked to support the changes. Ng previously led the subcommittee that worked on the policy. “By and large, faculty really are looking forward to having the one semester

sabbatical fully funded,” Ng said. Ropers-Huilman said changes would bring the University more in line with other Big Ten institutions. Most schools across the country offer a shorter sabbatical option, she said. At the University, there is wide variation among how colleges use sabbaticals and leaves. Some colleges are more likely than others to grant leaves, RopersHuilman said. The new policy also helps formalize the process of applying for sabbatical, which she said will help provide more

consistency across colleges. She had expected to bring the revised policy to a vote at the Senate meeting on Nov. 1, but several faculty took issue with parts of the policy. Physics professor Clement Pryke took issue with removing single-semester leaves, especially if the new policy implemented a more rigid application process for sabbaticals. “I look at this and I’m being ask to give up something,” he said. “I’m a little disquieted that I’m being asked to give up my situation that I’ve personally had with no guarantee of ... any sort of

leaves being granted at all.” Chemical engineering professor David Morse took a single-semester leave in the early 2000s because he was not eligible for a sabbatical at the time. Faculty must work at the University for at least six academic years before they are eligible for sabbatical, according to the policy. Morse said he would like to see more flexibility for faculty to take sabbatical if the University takes away a single-semester leave. Ropers-Huilman said the policy will undergo further revision in the coming

months. “Basically, what’s happening with the new policy is some people read it and feel like they’re losing and other people feel like they are gaining,” she said. “That’s the sticking point.” But the final policy may have changes not everyone will like. “We’ll have to figure out what’s best for the entire University, not just best for what some people can make in a particular context,” Ropers-Huilman said. “Ultimately, it will be a question of individual benefit versus what’s best for the entire University.”


Language u from Page 1

Beyond funding designated for the fellowship program, the Institute will receive an additional $230,000 annually for the next four years. The funding will help develop new courses with international content and expand existing ones. It will also develop new opportunities for learning about global

topics and fund speakers and workshops, Davidheiser said. “For the students, of course, it’s fantastic,” said Klaas van der Sanden, program director for the Institute. “For the Institute, it allows us to experiment internationally. It allows us to experiment with international content … and incorporate that into the courses, too.” The fellowship component of the grant provides

financial support to students studying languages not commonly taught at the University. It is available to students studying any language other than Spanish, French and German, Davidheiser said. “These languages are incredibly difficult to study. So, it frees you up to do it full time,” said Thomas Wolfe, the director of undergraduate studies with the Institute. The financial aid from

the fellowships are designed to assist with tuition and living costs while students are at the University or abroad. Davidheiser said it is a highly competitive fellowship. There were 12 undergraduate fellowships and 16 graduate fellowships awarded this academic year, she said. “It’s really helping me out to spend less time doing part-time work and more time actually focusing on my studies,” said Ben

Guard troops search for wildfire victims BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

PARADISE, Calif. — With at least 130 people still missing, National Guard troops searched Wednesday through charred debris for more victims of California’s deadliest wildfire as top federal and state officials toured the ruins of a community completely destroyed by the flames. Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke joined Gov. Jerry Brown on a visit to the leveled town of Paradise, telling reporters it was the worst fire devastation he had ever seen. “Now is not the time to point fingers,” Zinke said. “There are lots of reasons these catastrophic fires are happening.” He cited warmer temperatures, dead trees and the poor forest management. Brown, a frequent critic of President Donald Trump’s policies, said he spoke with Trump, who pledged federal assistance. “This is so devastating that I don’t really have the words to describe it,” Brown said, saying officials would need to learn how to better prevent fires from becoming so deadly . Nearly 8,800 homes were destroyed when flames hit

Paradise, a former gold-mining camp popular with retirees, on Nov. 8, killing at least 56 people in California’s deadliest wildfire, Sheriff Kory Honea announced Wednesday evening. There were also three fatalities from separate blazes in Southern California. Honea said the task of searching for bodies was so vast that his office brought in another 287 searchers Wednesday, including the National Guard troops, bringing the total number of searchers to 461 plus 22 cadaver dogs. He said a rapid-DNA assessment system was expected to be in place soon to speed up identifications of the dead, though officials have tentatively identified 47 of the 56. It will take years to rebuild the town of 27,000, if people decide that’s what should be done, said Brock Long, administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency. The town in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains looks like a wasteland. “The infrastructure is basically a total rebuild at this point,” Long said. “You’re not going to be able to rebuild Paradise the way it was.” Temporary schools and hospitals will be brought in,

Long said. Officials are also looking to bring in mobile homes for thousands of people left homeless. Debris removal in Paradise and outlying communities will have to wait until the search for victims finishes, he said. That grim search continued Wednesday. On one street, ash and dust flew up as roughly 20 National Guard members wearing white jumpsuits, helmets and breathing masks lifted giant heaps of bent and burned metal, in what was left of a home. Pink and blue chalk drawings of a cat and a flower remained on the driveway, near a scorched toy truck. The soldiers targeted homes of the missing. If anything resembling human remains is found, a coroner takes over. After the soldiers finished at the site, a chaplain huddled with them in prayer. The number of missing is “fluctuating every day” as people are located or remains are found, said Steve Collins, a deputy with the Butte County Sheriff’s Department. Authorities on Wednesday released the names of about 100 people who are

still missing, including many in their 80s and 90s, and dozens more could still be unaccounted for. Sheriff’s department spokeswoman Megan McMann said the list was incomplete because detectives were concerned they would be overwhelmed with calls from relatives if the entire list were released. “We can’t release them all at once,” McMann said. “So they are releasing the names in batches.” Authorities have not updated the total number of missing since Sunday, when 228 people were unaccounted for. Sol Bechtold’s 75-yearold mother was not on the list. Her house burned down along with the rest of her neighborhood in Magalia, a community just north of Paradise. “The list they published is missing a lot of names,” said Bechtold, who’s still searching shelters for his mother, a widow who lived alone and did not drive. A sheriff’s deputy asked Bechtold on Wednesday for information that could identify her remains, like any history of broken bones. He told the officer she had a knee replacement. Bechtold predicted that the death toll would rise sharply.

Allard, a University senior currently participating in the fellowship. He is double majoring in political science and Asian languages and literatures. “I don’t think enough people fully recognize how important it is to learn other languages and other cultures,” he said. “You don’t really understand your own country, your own culture context, until you look beyond it and see how other

Provost u from Page 1

Regents Tom Anderson and Steve Sviggum said they are confident in Hanson’s ability to provide continuity during the presidential transition. “I have tremendous confidence in Provost Hanson and I think that’s one of the byproducts of her wanting to stay,” Anderson said. Sviggum said he is glad Hanson will return to the University and provide a bridge in leadership during the transition to a new president. Hanson is responsible for overseeing the University’s academics and academic and research initiatives, and is also involved in the University’s budgeting and capital planning. McMaster previously served as chair of the Department of Geography and as an associate dean for budget and planning in the College of Liberal Arts. While he will likely delegate some of his vice provost responsibilities, Hanson said, McMaster will still maintain a direct line of responsibility in his current role. “We’ve been talking during the last couple of weeks on how we might lighten his load a little bit so that he can take up some of the things that are usually on my plate,” said Hanson. Hanson said she will

people are doing things differently.” Alexandra Ludwig, a junior majoring in global studies and Spanish and Portuguese studies, said the grant will lead to international studies being taken more seriously. “The world is so interconnected,” she said. “It’s so important that we have these programs that ... reinforce the importance of living in a global society.”

“What I hope to do is ... keep stability and continuity for a little bit while the new president seeks out a provost.” KAREN HANSON University of Minnesota Regent

remain in contact with McMaster during her leave and expects the transition to go smoothly. Sviggum said he is confident in McMaster’s ability to balance the two roles during Hanson’s leave, and stressed that it’s important the next president be able to choose a new provost as the two will work closely together. During her final stretch of time at the University, Hanson will continue to oversee several initiatives, including the reorganization of the Academic Health Center, child care planning for the Twin Cities campus and the beginning of the University’s systemwide strategic plan. “What I hope to do is keep momentum going on initiatives we have now and keep stability and continuity for a little bit while the new president seeks out a provost,” Hanson said.







Senior Dupree McBrayer runs down the court after injuring his leg on Monday, Nov. 12 at Williams Arena. The Gophers beat the Utes 78-69.


McBrayer healthy and ready for season The guard hopes for a healthy final year after battling injuries last season. BY NICK JUNGHEIM

The Gophers men’s basketball team didn’t have the season they were hoping for in 2017-18. The whole team is looking to rebound this season, perhaps nobody more so than senior Dupree McBrayer. The senior from Queens, New York battled injuries all last season. Although he only missed five games due to injury, head coach Richard Pitino said McBrayer was never at

full strength. “He was hobbling last year,” Pitino said. “He could hardly walk, he could hardly practice. You’re not going to get in a flow offensively if you do not practice. When he’s healthy, he’s a really, really good guard. Last year was just a perfect storm of having bad things happen at once.” At the Big Ten media day before the season, McBrayer detailed exactly how much his injury limited him last year. “I really couldn’t jump, really couldn’t move laterally,” McBrayer said. “I couldn’t have a good first step or anything, so it was just hard running up and down [the court].”

While battling a nagging leg injury, McBrayer was still able to average 9.4 points per game. However, the injury hindered his efficiency. He shot just .357 from the field, compared to .448 the year prior. Now healthy, he says he feels much better on the court. In this year’s regular season opener against Nebraska-Omaha, it appeared McBrayer was back to his old self, connecting on five of six three-point field goals. “I’m extremely happy,” McBrayer said. “I’m having a lot of fun, I’m smiling, just like I was two years ago. I’m playing with a lot of confidence right now.” McBrayer is part of a


Brown finds the balance Balancing both her classes and practices with the Gophers proves difficult.


and has seven points. Head coach Brad Frost said Brown can be physical even though she isn’t the biggest defender. “It’s the style that she plays,” Frost said. “She loves to use her body to separate players from the puck. She’s got a great stick deflecting passes and shots. She’s somebody that has improved this year and has been one of our best [defenders].” Center Taylor Wente played against Brown when Wente played for Maple Grove High School. Maple Grove and Blaine are both in the Northwest Suburban Conference. Wente said Brown is calm on the ice. “When you try to go against her going to the puck, she’s super smart and knows what she’s doing with the puck,” Wente said. “We need people that have confidence with the puck.” Last season, Brown had someone she could talk to about engineering. Former Gophers’ center Cara Piazza was also a mechanical engineering major. Brown said when she had a question about engineering, she would

ask Piazza and they bounced ideas off each other. “It would get weird in the locker room,” Brown said. “People would [say], ‘oh my goodness.’ Usually when we get to the rink, it’s all hockey.” Brown isn’t the only one in hockey excited about engineering. The NHL launched a program called Future Goals to mark the league’s centenary in 2017 dedicated to motivating students to pursue careers in STEM. STEM stands for science, technology, engineering and math. According to the Future Goals’ website, a majority of students lose interest in STEM before beginning their sophomore year of high school. Brown said she can’t apply mechanical engineering to hockey all the time because she could lose concentration on the ice. “Sometimes, I think about it on the ice at practice,” she said. “I’ll be like, ‘Why did that bounce that way?’ I’ll be like, ‘Oh, coefficient of friction’ and stuff like that comes to my head. I’ll [say] ‘Holy cow, let’s have a reality check and come back to hockey.’ I don’t think I do that on the ice or on the bench.”

tournament in McBrayer’s senior season. In order accomplish that, McBrayer will have to add value to the team with his play and leadership. His head coach said his will to win is second to none. “In the conference tournament last year he could barely walk,” Pitino said before the season, “He kept telling me, ‘I’m fine when it’s time to play.’ Just shows you the type of toughness that he has.” McBrayer and the Gophers will hit the road next week, starting with three games in four days at the Vancouver Showcase. The tournament begins with a matchup against Texas A&M on Sunday at 9:30 p.m. CT.

McCutcheon inducted Saturday into International Volleyball Hall of Fame


Defender Emily Brown looks to pass the puck up the ice at Ridder Arena on Friday, Oct. 19. The Gophers beat Ohio State 3-0.

good at scoring ... and passing the ball.” While Washington took some time to adjust to the college game, he improved as he got more playing time near the end of last season. After a summer of working with his teammates, he now feels more familiar with the team around him. “I just got to know all my teammates off the court more,” Washington said. “We just talked a lot about whether we like the ball here or there ... just being comfortable with them, them being comfortable with me ... being able to trust each other.” The goal for McBrayer, Washington and the Gophers is a return to the NCAA


McCutcheon stayed home Saturday to be with team rather than at the ceremony.


Defender Emily Brown may try to ignore it on the ice, but science has been a presence in her life for the past few years. During her senior year at Blaine High School, Brown took an engineering course. That was the event that pushed her to pursue mechanical engineering as her college major. “They have this pre-engineering program where you take a bunch of prep classes,” Brown said. “That’s what first inspired me because I didn’t really know what engineering necessarily was before that. Taking those classes and realizing that, ‘Hey, I like math and science’ made me want to pursue it [as a major].” Brown said the toughest part about being in the University’s mechanical engineering program is scheduling classes while trying to avoid conflict with her hockey career. “They only offer them once a semester,” she said. “They like to choose 2 p.m. for their classes, which is when we practice. Fitting things in is tough. Once you do that, the toughest part is surviving. People say it’s hard, but it’s also fun.” When she’s not solving problems in her engineering courses, Brown is racking up points from the blue line for the Gophers. Brown is Minnesota’s second-highest scoring defender this season behind Patti Marshall. She has scored two goals this season

Minnesota backcourt that features an intriguing mix of youth and experience and has a special connection to the Gophers’ sixth man this season. Sophomore Isaiah Washington, like McBrayer, is a native of New York City. Raised in Harlem, Washington won New York’s Mr. Basketball award in his senior season playing for St. Raymond High School. Both he and McBrayer played for the New Heights AAU program. Now at Minnesota, their familiarity gives the duo an advantage over opposing teams. “We’ve known each other since we were young,” McBrayer said. “There’s chemistry there. We’re both really

When you think of New Zealand sports, rugby or cricket may come to mind — but not volleyball. On Saturday, the International Volleyball Hall of Fame inducted Gophers volleyball head coach Hugh McCutcheon into the hall as the first Kiwi to have the honor. “It’s just so surreal and it’s such an incredible thing, and maybe one day I’ll be able to describe it for you,” McCutcheon said. McCutcheon, instead of going to Holyoke, Massachusetts for the ceremony, changed his plans and stayed with his team as they took on No. 12 Purdue. “The fact that he stayed with us showed us how he really believes in us this year, so it was cool to see that,” said outside hitter Alexis Hart after Saturday’s match. Earlier in the week he had committed to being at the ceremony but woke up early last Tuesday morning and contemplated the decision. He said that the potential risk of leaving the team for a banquet across the country better suited him to be on the bench for a nationally-ranked Big Ten matchup. Former Gophers volleyball player and Olympian Daly Santana said that McCutcheon staying showed everyone on the outside who he really is. “It shows his commitment to the team and shows how he is 100 percent with the team

at all times,” Santana said. Although McCutcheon was not at the ceremony, he got to celebrate his accomplishment with his team and Gophers fans as a video of former players and coaches congratulated him in video montage. Volleyball background McCutcheon began his volleyball career in in 1985 after a small interaction with his basketball coach. “I thought volleyball looked cool, I knew the coach, I thought he was a cool guy. He was my physics teacher and the guys on the team seemed like a good bunch of dudes,” McCutcheon said. He eventually decided to come to the United States to reach his volleyball potential. McCutcheon enrolled at Brigham Young University in 1991 and was a standout for the Cougars as he earned AllAmerican honorable mention in 1993. After his playing career, he began coaching while working towards a graduate degree at BYU “as a means to an academic end.” Coaching instilled in his heart in the process. “I ended up doing two masters and after my first one, I realized I like academics, but I really had a much stronger head-and-heart connection to coaching,” McCutcheon said. Although there was never a clear pathway, McCutcheon gained opportunities through the United States National Team boys’, men’s and women’s teams. Through his time with the national team, McCutcheon accumulated two Olympic medals, a gold medal in 2008 while coaching the men, and a silver in 2012 with

“He’s a normal guy who’s committed to you ... as a player, but will also be a mentor in life, in school or anything.” DALY SANTANA former Gophers volleyball player and Puerto Rican Olympian

the women. Shortly after the Olympics in 2012, McCutcheon join the Gophers as their head coach. Player-Coach Relationships Although McCutcheon has a lot to be proud of, his players say he’s just Hugh. “He’s a normal guy who’s committed to you and your improvement as a player, but will also be a mentor in life, in school or anything,” Santana said. Setter Samantha SeligerSwenson said that this relationship helps each player on the court as well. “I think we all need something different from a coach and he can be that for us, and I think it’s because of the investment he makes off the court in getting to know us,” Seliger-Swenson said. For McCutcheon, seeing his players progress is the biggest satisfaction for him. “I think there’s some pride in that,” McCutcheon said. “Not that it’s about me, because they’re the ones doing the work, but just the idea that you can help them figure that stuff out. I think that’s been a really good thing.”







Ashley Mary embodies the rainbow — in work and in spirit

Read this:

The Minneapolisbased artist and designer spreads color with her work.

“Astrophysics for People in a Hurry”



Ever look up at the stars and wonder how we got here? Follow along with the G.O.A.T. Neil deGrasse Tyson as he puts the question “how do we exist?” in layman’s terms. From the Big Bang to the breakdown of a photon, this book turns 5000-level physics course material into a page turner you can’t put down.

Listen to this: “BALLADS 1” by Joji Get into a mood with Joji on his newest album “BALLADS 1.” While most artists save a couple tracks for a selfreflective “sad boi” mood, Joji utilized all 12 slots. From the banger “YEAH RIGHT” to relatable-for-everyone-insome-way “TEST DRIVE,” Joji has hit heart-plucking gold right off the success of his and 88 Rising’s “Head in the Clouds” (also a slapper of an album to check out if you haven’t already).


Friday: Victor Shores with Pierre and Heart to Gold Nothing says “punk show” like a good ol’ Minneapolis dive bar. Catch a locallystacked lineup of basement punk bands as they perform new music specifically for the Terminal audience. From Heart to Gold’s angst to Pierre’s hard-hitting anthems off their newly released album, the show will definitely wash off any wear-and-tear from the week. Victor Shores is rumored to be performing a plethora of new music for the crowd, so be ready to go off!

Where: Terminal Bar, 409 E. Hennepin Ave., Minneapolis Hours: 7 p.m. Cost: $10 advanced, $12 door

Saturday: “Outdoor Adventure Expo” Explorers, it’s finally that time of year again. This weekend, West Bank’s iconic Midwest Mountaineering will host their annual “Adventure Expo.” In addition to crazy good deals on all the gear you can imagine, there will be clinics, film screenings, lectures, book signings and lots of free giveaways. Check out the “Winter Survival” course or hear a talk from certified winter guide Scott Oeth as he recounts his tales from the north. BANFF film fest will be in town partnering with the Expo, so swing through for a screening to get your adrenaline pumping and inspire your next adventure.

Where: Midwest Mountaineering, 309 Cedar Ave. S., Minneapolis Hours: 9 a.m to 6:30 p.m. Cost: Free

Sunday: “A Christmas Carol” It’s never too early for some Christmas cheer. Forty-four years running, The Guthrie’s classic winter performance returns, and the skilled cast recounts this beautiful tale of wholehearted goodness. Join Scrooge as he explores his Christmases past, present and future. Grab your family and friends and warm up with spirit and good times as the most wonderful time of the year quickly approaches. Think it’s too cold? Bah humbug.

Where: Guthrie Theater, 818 2nd St., Minneapolis Hours: 1 p.m. Cost: Varies by seat

You may be one of her more than 46,000 Instagram followers. Maybe you bought a planner at Anthropologie, a yoga mat from Manduka or a makeup bag from Target with her artwork on it. During your daily commute, you might have glimpsed a colorful bus stop in Uptown that she singlehandedly painted. One thing is certain: Ashley Mary has been busy at work building her rainbow empire. The Minneapolis-based artist and designer is known for her colorful canvasses, bold designs and flashy personal style — all of which have attracted attention from global companies and Instagram users alike. It wasn’t always this way. In her former life, Mary attended Hope College, a private, Christian liberal arts college in Michigan, where she received degrees in communication and religion. After completing her undergraduate studies, she returned to her hometown of Edina and worked at a church for five years. Back then, art was just something she did on the side. “Out of school, I started doing collage work right away. I was just doing it for fun, but I was getting enough people asking me


Artist and designer Ashley Mary sits for a portrait in front of her works.

to make them things that it had a snowball effect. From there, the ball just kept rolling,” she said. Now, almost a full 11 years after she began painting, Mary is equipped with a Master of Arts degree in graphic and web design from MCAD. Her life could not be more different. Today, Ashley Mary spends her time traveling to paint murals in cities around the country, posting updates on her Instagram story, creating commissions for a host of different companies and, of course, spending time with her dog Ren. M a r y’ s lif e ph ilo s o phy is simple: she surrounds herself with color, positivity and good karma. Her Instagram feed alone captures the entire

color spectrum. “My art has always been colorful. That’s never changed,” she said. “I feel certain energy when I’m around certain colors – they can be happy, peaceful, joyful.” In addition to her ever-present color scheme, Mary’s work often features Matisse-like graphic shapes and intricate patterns. “I’m really interested in the energy that we have as kids. I’m drawn to the shapes I use because I think they’re universal. From a young age — since we’re babies — we understand shapes,” she said. Mary is the opposite of a perfectionist when it comes to her work. “I really celebrate subtle nuances and what some

people might call a ‘mistake’ in a work,” she said. “For me, that’s the part that’s the most interesting.” Even her personal style embodies her colorful artworks. Her wardrobe is filled with bright pinks, oranges, blues and yellows. “She almost looks like a piece of artwork herself,” said Erin Kate Duininck, a collaborator and friend of Mary since 2009. “Physically she’s very tiny and spritely. That always strikes me because her personality is so big, her work is so big and her way of being in the world is so big.” Recently, Mary collaborated with Metro Transit on a community outreach project christened the “Color Pop Bus Stop.” Painting nonstop for nine hours, Mary

transformed the Uptown bus stop just in time to perk up the community before winter. The idea came from Kathy Graul, Metro Transit’s social media strategist and a fan of Mary’s work. “It’s something positive that we could bring to the community in a temporary, fun, playful way,” she said. Mary, who loves any chance to interact with the community, was eager to jump on board. “[Graul] said, ‘Will you come and do your thing on a bus stop?’ That is like music to any artist’s ears — when you’re not art-directed in an experience it’s so special to be given the reins to do whatever you want. It was an adrenaline rush,” Mary said. “Everybody who came in had the best energy and was so thankful … like ‘Oh, finally some color up in here!’” Visitors came by the bus stop to get selfies with Mary, and one fan stayed in the bus stop for a few hours to read a book and watch Mary paint. Mary has remained humble and appreciative throughout the growth of her artistic prominence in the past few years. Her main goal is to create art that makes people smile. “When you come to my work, I hope that there’s a sense of playfulness and a sense of light that you experience,” she said. “The story I’m trying to share is one that anybody can connect to. It’s not for a certain category of people. It’s not for a certain age or gender. I want anybody to come to it and for it to feel familiar and good.”


There’s no place like home for ‘Ruby Slippers’ production “Ruby Slippers,” a story about the disappearing ruby slippers in Grand Rapids, Minnesota, will run on Nov. 19 and 20. BY KSENIA GORINSHTEYN

The “Wizard of Oz” is often associated with innocence and fairytale — a story about a girl trying to find her way back home. This well-known film is about to get a makeover with Jazzercise, an exploration of its connection to white supremacy and stolen ruby slippers. “Ruby Slippers,” a creative collaboration through the University of Minnesota Theatre Arts and Dance Department, explores what happened the night Judy Garland’s ruby slippers were stolen from a museum in Grand Rapids, Minnesota. The production will run Nov. 19 and 20. “I was trying to find a new story to develop and I did a Google search of the three … oddest things … that have happened [in Minnesota], and up pops this article about these ruby slippers that were stolen from the Judy Garland museum in Grand Rapids, Minnesota in 2005,” said Luverne Seifert, the director of the show and a senior teaching specialist in the theatre arts and dance department. And so the idea for “Ruby Slippers” was born. The show has been developed as a creative collaboration, a program within the department that gives everyone in the project a chance to contribute to the show and challenge each other’s creative skills. “Creative collaboration is a class that we teach four times a year in [the department],” Seifert said. “The great thing about a creative


collaboration is you don’t know what’s going to happen. It might be a failed experiment — we don’t know.” The collaborators had six weeks to write the show and then six weeks to stage it. They drew heavily from the film “The Wizard of Oz,” as well as the TV series “Fargo” because of its focus on mystery and crime in Minnesota. They also tried to capture the grief of the community in Grand Rapids, like dialogue from an email written by a woman in Grand Rapids who was angry over the stolen slippers. Emiliano Silva Izquierdo, one of the collaborators and a freshman majoring in theatre arts with a concentration in performance creation, explored the connection between the author of the book “The Wizard of Oz,” L. Frank Baum, and white supremacy, and how the connection can be culturally significant in their production of “Ruby Slippers.” Baum advocated for the extermination of Native Americans and white supremacist ideologies. “For me, the stories that are interesting are not to try to recreate the tropes of ‘The Wizard of Oz’ as this beautiful, magical, fairytale,” Izquierdo said. “I think it’s interesting to see how [the movie] fits within the history of the United States and its cultural imaginary.” While their production began as a story about the disappearance of the ruby slippers, FBI investigators found them during

the collaborators’ creative process. The creators then had a plot twist they didn’t see coming, which added to the twists and turns in this unique production. “It’s kind of an adventure,” said collaborator Tessa Dahlgren, a senior studying theatre arts and psychology. “We, at the start, didn’t know where this was going to end up. ... We’re willing to make

mistakes with each other and that’s how we found our best ideas.” The collaborators hope “Ruby Slippers” will bring the audience laughter and suspense, as well as grief for a community in crisis. “If we’re successful at creating a suspenseful narrative, we’ve created a good mystery for one journey of the show. … That would be good to see,” Seifert said.

“If we’re able to have the sense that we’ve created a community in despair and that we’ve honored that … I would also feel really great about that.” What: “Ruby Slippers” When: Nov. 19 and 20, 8 p.m. Where: Larry Liu Stage in the Kilburn Theatre, Rarig Center, 330 21st Ave. S., Minneapolis Cost: Free




Editorials & Opinions


CBD, artificial intelligence and Blockchain: aren’t you sick of it?

Silicon Valley reaps rewards of disruptive business techniques, and we continue to pay for it.


n an October article in the Minnesota Daily, Wally’s Falafel and Hummus owner Wally Sakallah detailed some ambitious plans for the Chatime’s storefront. ChaJONATHAN ABABIY time would leave columnist for a spot near Tim Hortons and Sakallah would launch an innovative new coffee shop, Cosmic Bean Dispensary. Set to open on April 20, just two days before Earth Day, Cosmic Bean would combine college kids’ two favorite plants: coffee and cannabis. Sakallah told the Daily that the aptly named “Cosmic Bean” would serve CBD-infused coffee. He spoke as if he was describing the relationship between the ying and yang: the caffeine will give customers energy and the CBD will help them come back down, he said. Those plans came back down to reality. The Minneapolis Health Department recently told Sakallah that he would have to sell its ying and yang separately. Infusing CBD in drinks and food would be a “critical violation” of the City’s food code. CBD isn’t approved by the Food and Drug Administration yet. Sakallah’s new business model? “Are you making coffee with CBD in it? No, we’re not. We’re not making coffee with the CBD. But we’re selling CBD, and we’re selling coffee,”

he told the Daily earlier this week. This story is funny because Sakallah’s entrepreneurial spirit perfectly captures our Silicon Valley-generated economic era: disrupt and innovate now, worry about the consequences later. Everyone is starting something to try and create the new Uber. Slick techies have disrupted almost every facet of our lives with apps. The stock market is surging and new apps are coming out all the time. Words like Blockchain, machine learning and artificial intelligence leapt into our lexicon as if they were exhaust from Silicon Valley’s muffler. Our government has casually stood aside and let any smooth talker with a business idea disrupt the world. But at what cost? One of the world’s fastest growing unicorns, or a startup worth $1 billion, makes the cost abundantly clear. A CNBC analysis found the 52 weeks prior to June, the electronic cigarette company Juul’s dollar sales had risen by an astronomical 783 percent. Despite having the shape of a flash drive, Juul made vaping cool and quickly raked in mountains of cash. Juul’s overexposure blossomed into memes. Meanwhile, it was impossible to walk anywhere in Dinkytown in April or September without seeing small clouds of cucumber or mango rising toward the sky. Juul tried to disrupt vaping — and succeeded, taking 68 percent of the market. The sponsors of Juul’s trip of disruption from lowly Stanford startup to billion-dollar company are in the lungs and brain receptors of thousands of middle school, high school and college students. The bathrooms of educational institutions across the country turned into dens of quickly dissolving clouds of nicotine vapor. For teachers, finding their students’ Juuls became an elaborate and difficult game of hide and seek. No one really definitively knows the science of Juuling yet. Scientists are still

“Are you making coffee with CBD in it? No, we’re not. We’re not making coffee with the CBD. But we’re selling CBD, and we’re selling coffee.” WALLY SAKALLAH owner of Wally’s Falafel and Hummus

trying to decipher its lasting negative effects. But in the meantime, vaping has disrupted our world. After decades of advertisements and public campaigns by antismoking advocates beat down teen-smoking rates, nicotine has become an attractive substance to many people in the most formative years of their lives. The FDA is just taking serious action this week. It announced it required Juul to stop selling at convenience stores and discontinue its fruit flavors. But what does it mean if thousands have experienced the pleasures of nicotine before they’ve even gotten their permit? No one asked them to, but the smooth talkers in the glass towers have disrupted the world — and gotten rich in the process. Maybe the balm to the stress of disruption and our newfound Juul addiction is actually a piping hot cup of CBD coffee. Isn’t progress good?

Jonathan Ababiy welcomes comments at


Citizenship does not belong on the US census The U.S. census is about getting the most accurate information possible about all who live here. The best argument against the U.S. government’s move to ask a citizenship question on the next census comes from the government itself. A trial began last week that stems from lawsuits brought by a dozen parties, including states and cities, fighting against the question’s inclusion. Early testimony from a methodology expert is indicative of just how ridiculous this issue is. She pointed out the U.S. Census Bureau completely agrees that the addition of the citizenship question would reduce the accuracy of the data. And six former census directors and a Census Bureau internal analyst have said a citizenship question would harm the count, The Washington Post reports.

The census is not about proving citizenship. It’s about getting the most accurate information possible about the country and the people who live here — all people. So our government is asking to spend between $15.6 billion on the 2020 census and chances are it won’t be as accurate as it could be? Taxpayers should be outraged that such a possibility is being proposed. The census is not about proving citizenship. It’s about getting the most accurate information possible about the country and the people who live here — all people. It’s a survey that is supposed to be based on reality, not the wishes of an administration that wants to use information for political purposes. When Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross announced the addition of the question in the spring, he told members of Congress it was in response to a request from the Justice Department to better enforce the Voting Rights Act. After lawsuits were filed in response, the Post reports, documents released by the government showed Ross had pushed for the question more actively and much earlier than he told Congress. Of course the citizenship question is meant to discourage participation, especially among ethnic populations. Diminishing the voices of the less privileged and those who aren’t citizens shouldn’t be the goal of the census. And the census isn’t just about painting a complete picture about our country and its demographics. The census is a tool used to disburse government money. States and cities lose money if the census doesn’t reflect their communities. An undercount underfunds us. And that’s a hard fact. This editorial was originally published in the Mankato Free Press.


Students should be shaping their communities The student body must respond to racist incidents as much as the school administration does. At the University of St. Thomas last month, a student woke up to the words “N***** Go Back” written on the door to his dorm. This sparked not only student outrage, but also action across the campus. The Black Empowerment Student Alliance organized a sit-in as well as an opportunity to have a conversation with students about the racist and discriminatory events that took place. The University of Minnesota, and specifically our student body, should take heed of what St. Thomas students are doing and apply that to our own campus. There’s often a general frustration on campuses that develops from a university’s response to situations students see as discriminatory or offensive. Many students feel a university should take a stronger stance in protecting students, while others feel their rights could be threatened through a bolder response. Our student body needs to pursue more vocal routes to effectively stand up for their beliefs. Sitting by the wayside and hoping a higher body intervenes will not yield results. When we feel silenced or discriminated against, it’s important we do not leave the next steps solely in the hands of administrators. Although many in positions of power are allies, we must do what we can as students to see immediate results. It would be unfair to say there are no students speaking out for others and standing up for injustice on campus, but we need to witness higher numbers of individuals taking action as a collective community. Hundreds of students at Drake University recently rallied together to raise their voices about incidents that were targeted toward students of color across their campus. There’s no reason why we cannot replicate that here in the Twin Cities. For every Facebook post or tweet about campus speakers and bridge panels that get shared between students, we should see students on the ground taking action to fight for what they believe in. We as students should take ownership of our student body’s response. We face an ever-evolving social climate, so vocalizing dissent or agreement is more important than ever. By putting the responsibility of assuming students’ responses into the hands of those who work for the University of Minnesota, we lose the opportunity to take charge of situations that deal directly with our community. Our voice matters in these conversations, so let’s make it heard. EDITORIALS & OPINIONS DEPARTMENT Editorials represent the voice of the Minnesota Daily as an institution and are prepared by the editorial board.

Robert McGrady welcomes comments at


Michelle Obama continues to make the world better The former first lady serves as an exemplary role model of grace and kindness for young women.


f you haven’t noticed already, take the time to look and you will see that Michelle Obama’s new memoir “Becoming” has renewed a quiet wave of emotion for the forUMA VENKATA mer first lady. columnist I would say there’s something about her personality that does it, but it’s not just one thing, it’s everything. Obama has not only flown to the highest echelons of education. She has carried herself with grace and unfailing kindness through eight years of marriage in a trying presidency under a harsh limelight. Obama went to a Whitney Young Magnet High School in Chicago and graduated in 1981. About 30 years later, I went there for high school during the Barack Obama administration. And then this Monday, Michelle Obama visited Whitney Young, which I missed by about three years. The secret was already out about Obama when I attended high school — there was a bulletin board encased in glass with her school photos, and a cardboard cutout of her (and her beautiful smile) in our main office. There were defunct clocks on the walls that

we joked were Obama-era. Our school was, and I’m sure still is, a bit of a day-to-day fan base. Yet I didn’t fully grasp the importance of what Obama means to women everywhere, especially young women like myself from the city and women of color, until I came to the University of Minnesota. The differences in culture and demographics between here and Chicago were not unnoticeable. The University campus can be a bit of a fishbowl in certain respects, but it did truly surprise me that racial and socioeconomic diversity are not something to take for granted. What Obama and her husband have gone through, for the ultimate aim of serving their country, is no small feat. The Obamas have withstood years of galling accusations, most notably the birther conspiracy for Barack Obama. And what we don’t see is sometimes the most important. Diplomacy and calmness have governed their behavior and there has been no shouting match. Michelle Obama inspires a kind of feeling I haven’t been able to put my finger on until now, and I think it’s gratitude. I am so grateful someone like her would take the time to be such a perfect role model for someone like me. When I was 15 years old and focused on other, sillier things, I never really thought twice about what Obama does for people like me, because that was just the way it was. I’m older now and I have seen more of the world. It turns out a person like her is the kind of person who makes the world a better place. Uma Venkata welcomes comments at

SHARE YOUR VIEWS The Minnesota Daily welcomes letters and guest columns from readers. All letters must include the writer’s name, address and phone number for verification. The Daily reserves the right to edit all letters for style, space, libel and grammar. Letters to the editor should be no more than 500 words in length. Guest columns should be approximately 350 words. The Daily reserves the right to print any submission as a letter or guest column. Submission does not guarantee publication. Fax: (612) 435-5865 Phone: (612) 435-1578 Letters and columns to the editor 2221 University Ave. SE Suite 450 Minneapolis, MN 55414







HOROSCOPES Today’s Birthday (11/15): Communication profits this year. Share your affection and kindness steadily. Study to unveil a mystery. Summer glory for your crew comes before physical obstacles alert you to stop and smell the roses. Follow your heart this winter. Express your creativity and passion.

To get the advantage, check the day’s rating: 10 is the easiest day, 0 the most challenging. Written by Nancy Black

Aries (3/21 - 4/19): Today is a 7 — It’s easier to give things away over about two months with Mars in Pisces. Go through closets, garages and attics. Clean messes. Old passions get awakened.

Libra (9/23 - 10/22): Today is a 9 — Your results are earning respect. Energize your physical action and work with Mars in Pisces. Provide excellent service. Keep practicing.

Taurus (4/20 - 5/20): Today is an 8 — Together, anything is possible. Help your team over the next two months with Mars in Pisces. Many hands make light work. Pull together for common gain.

Scorpio (10/23 - 11/21): Today is an 8 — Weave a romantic spell. Your actions speak louder than words over the next two months with Mars in Pisces. Your passion and creativity flower.

Gemini (5/21 - 6/21): Today is an 8 — Pour energy into your career to push past old barriers. Advance professionally over the next few months with Mars in Pisces. You’re gaining respect.

Sagittarius (11/22 - 12/21): Today is a 7 — Invest in home and family. Repair and renovate. Energize domestic action over the next two months with Mars in Pisces. Nurture and decorate.

Cancer (6/22 - 7/22): Today is an 8 — Explore and learn something. You have itchy feet with Mars in Pisces over the next two months. Open yourself to new ideology, views and perspectives.

Capricorn (12/22 - 1/19): Today is a 9 — Get the word out. Act for a cause. Communications and transportation flow with greater velocity with Mars in Pisces. Research, write and brainstorm.

Leo (7/23 - 8/22): Today is a 9 — Financial opportunities arise over the next two months. Take actions that profit your shared accounts with Mars in Pisces. Collaboration provides powerful results.

Aquarius (1/20 - 2/18): Today is a 9 — The profit potential is high. Energize your moneymaking over the next two months with Mars in Pisces. Avoid reckless spending, and stick to basics.

Virgo (8/23 - 9/22): Today is a 9 — Toss the ball to a teammate. Your partnerships flower with Mars in Pisces for two months. Strategize and coordinate your moves. Share the load.

Pisces (2/19 - 3/20): Today is a 9 — Begin a super-charged power phase over the next two months with Mars in your sign. Focus on personal development through contribution to others.

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DR. DATE Dear Dr. Date,

My girlfriend and I have been dating since the beginning of fall semester and we are pretty much obsessed with each other. We live on the same fl oor of our dorm, so we sleep in each other’s rooms every night — despite one of us almost always rolling off the twin bed. We go to meals together, go out on the weekends together and are even about to sign a lease for a onebedroom apartment next week. I don’t think we’ve spent more than a few days apart, which was because she went home for the weekend. However, Christmas break is fast approaching. While I would normally be excited to go home and see friends, the month-long absence from the love of my life is already eating me up inside. Thanksgiving break should be easy. It’s only for a few days, and I can spend my time stuffing my face with turkey. I’m dreading leaving school. I have nothing to do but sit around and mourn her absence for an entire month. She lives in Wisconsin and I’m in Minnesota. While it’s only a state away, it feels like a continent. I’ve tried bringing this up with her, but she doesn’t seem too worried. She said we can Skype throughout the day. Meanwhile, I’m so scared of leaving her that I’m considering sneaking on the bus with her in a suitcase! What can I do that doesn’t involve stowing away?

—Attached at the Hip

Dear Attached at the Hip,

While your love is sweet, it’s also very worrying. It seems like you might have some problems beyond just loving your girlfriend too much. Attachment issues are a real thing. What are you going to do next summer?! When it comes to winter break, your girlfriend is right: Skype is a godsend. You probably know one or two people at college in a long-distance relationship, so ask them how they connect with their significant other. Trust me, people who date someone far away become experts at literal online dating. Even if you can’t be physically together, phone

calls and online movie dates make a difference. If the distance is really killing you, Wisconsin isn’t too far of a drive — surprise her with a visit for a few days. It will give you an opportunity to meet the parents, which is probably a good idea considering you’ll be moving in with her. Treat this as a practice for summer break and cross your fi ngers that she doesn’t get an internship across the country. Happy FaceTiming!

—Dr. Date

Dear Dr. Date,

I’ve been dating my significant other for almost a year now. We are really good together, we even have plans to move in together this spring. The only thing is, I’m crazy-big on loving people. Friends, family, that nice lady at the KwikTrip — I just have a big heart. But my guy is more chill, and I feel like I put way more effort into the relationship. We’ve talked about it, and he agrees — but then we don’t know where to go from there. Is my heart too big, or is his too small?

—People Person

Dear People Person,

You said it yourself: You two are really good together. I don’t think either of you have different amounts of love for one another, you most likely show it in different ways. While your actions may be more extreme and his low-key, as long as you both recognize the way you express it, this shouldn’t be a major problem. If it’s really bugging you, ask him to speak your love language — maybe he can plan special dates or show more physical affection. Keep encouraging each other to communicate and the only thing you’ll have to worry about is what curtains to hang for your new place.

Complete the grid so each row, column and 3-by-3 box (in bold borders) contains every digit 1 to 9. For strategies on how to solve sudoku, visit

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—Dr. Date

Want advice from the love doctor? Email Dr. Date at

© 2018 Michael Mepham. Distributed by Tribune Media Services. All rights reserved.


Thursday, November 15, 2018

November 15, 2018  
November 15, 2018