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Researchers examine bike safety at U

Development changes to 10 stories high

The study uses a special system designed to alert drivers when they get too close to bicyclists.

Originally planned to be much taller, the plan will likely go for approval by the end of the year.



With the goal of reducing bike-car collisions, University of Minnesota researchers have designed a bike that alerts drivers when their car gets close to bikers. Researchers in the Laboratory for Innovations in Sensing, Estimation and Control developed the bike alert system to protect bicyclists from vehicles that get too close to them. The researchers hope the technology will reduce accidents between vehicles and bikes on the road. This is especially important on the University campus, which sees heavy car and bicycle traffic year-round. The electric bikes are equipped with sensors that track the movements of cars around them. Speakers on the bike emit a loud horn-like noise if a car is in close proximity. The intent of the noise is to alert the driver of a car that there is a bicyclist nearby. “The noise does not harm the bicyclist but is loud enough so a driver in a vehicle will hear it,” said Woongsun Jeon, one of the engineers who designed the alert system. The software on the bikes tracks data like how fast a car is moving and how close it is to the bike. To test their effectiveness, three subjects will be riding the electric bikes in the community for the next few weeks. The bikes look like normal bikes, except they have sensors, a battery box and speakers attached to them. Nichole Morris, director of the HumanFIRST Laboratory, which is involved with the project, said the purpose of subjects riding the bikes for several weeks is to get feedback on how the bikes operate. Part of this involves looking at whether the alert system is sending out the noise signal when it is supposed to. The project is still in the early stages, so researchers are using these subjects to determine if the alert system does what it is supposed to while out on the roads. As the subjects ride these bikes, the bikes collect data which will indicate if any tweaks need to be made to the bike sensors. Researchers also plan to use the data to see where there are more bikecar incidents. They will be using the data to improve the alert system and will conduct another round of testing with subjects in the community in the spring.

A large-scale development originally proposed to be 25 stories in Dinkytown has now been slashed to 10. Developer CA Ventures, in partnership with ESG Architects, announced at a Marcy-Holmes Neighborhood Association meeting Tuesday that it has submitted plans for a 10-story building, a project originally slated for either 25 or 16 stories. City officials will review the project Thursday, and a final plan will seek city approval by the end of the year. The project proved controversial when first introduced in August, with community members raising concerns about high density, affordability and the closure of on-site businesses like McDonald’s and Dinkytown Wine and Spirits. Ryan Sadowy, senior director of development at CA Ventures, said he crafted the new plans in response to some of these issues. “It’s already getting a lot of good momentum,” he said. The new plan calls for about 300 units and 881 bedrooms compared to between 350 and 370 units and 1,000 bedrooms in the original plan, according to the application submitted to the City. “We really got everyone together and sharpened our pencils about what we could do,” Sadowy said. New community benefits include raised bike lanes to avoid traffic conflicts, an integrated drop-off area and landscaped sidewalks with a large public plaza. The building will be nine stories along 4th Street Southeast and 10 stories along 5th Street Southeast. The application states that the 4th Street Southeast side of the building is shorter to better align with the guidelines of the nearby Dinkytown Historic District, which typically caps buildings at two stories. “I’m greatly relieved that it’s [fewer] stories, but on the other hand … 10 stories would blow it out of the water,” said Kristen EideTollefson, coordinator for Preserve Historic Dinkytown. Jessie Ernster, a University of Minnesota student who has attended a past neighborhood meeting on the topic, said she likes the shorter size.


International students struggle with loans Students often have fewer options for loans with a higher price tag.

BY JASMINE SNOW With limited, more expensive loan options, some international students struggle to navigate a complex process before they even step foot onto U.S. soil. Prodigy Financing is a private company that provides loans for graduate and professional international students who may not qualify for federal loans or struggle to get loans from their home country. The company has recently gained national attention for the comparatively high interest rates its loans carry, including a recent article from Inside Higher Ed. The interest rate for a federal student loan depends on the loan type and the first disbursement date of the loan. The fixed interest rate for Direct Unsubsidized Loans and Direct PLUS Loans borrowed by domestic graduate or professional students and disbursed between July 1, 2019 and July 1, 2020, was 6.08 percent and 7.08 percent, respectively.  Rates for international students taking out private loans, including Prodigy loans, can be

up to double that of federal loans, Shannon Doyle, program manager of Partnerships and Financial Education at Lutheran Social Services of Minnesota, said in an email to the Minnesota Daily. According to Inside Higher Ed, Prodigy’s interest rates are subject to change and range between 7.74 to 11.54 percent. Doyle said these rates are “not surprising.” Prodigy Financing was unable to be reached for comment.  Neel Chatterjee, a Ph.D. student from India studying mechanical engineering, is a student using Prodigy Financing to attend the University of Minnesota.  “I came here and initially I was sort of hesitant,” Chatterjee said. “The cost and everything was high compared to the education cost in India. … We don’t usually take loans to study for any kind of education.” Even with help from his father, Chatterjee said he felt that he had to help contribute. But he didn’t feel like he had many options when it came to financing his time at the University. He struggled to get funding while acquiring his master’s degree, and Prodigy Financing was one of very few options.  Chatterjee ended up taking a $20,000 loan disbursed evenly over two semesters from Prodigy Financing in September 2017. With a processing fee and interest rates on these loans ranging from 9.3 to 10.8 percent, he started

u See LOANS Page 3



After petition, UMN interior design dept. rethinks its work load

Gophers vs. Penn State game holds extra significance for ‘blood brothers’ Ben Elliott and Doug Parisano have shared a special bond since a 2013 bone marrow transplant.

Discussions with students have prompted course adjustments and monthly conversations. BY DYLAN MIETTINEN

More often than not, University of Minnesota third-year student Madelyn Mitchell spends her free time working in the Interior Design Program’s studio space. There, she drafts, draws, designs and renders, sometimes spending upwards of 20 to 30 hours per week on a single course’s work. In the airy, lightfilled classroom, she often works well into the night. Mitchell said the strenuous workload is not atypical for students in the program. Last year, students in the University’s interior design major formed a petition calling on faculty to reduce


Sophomore Apparel Design student Zoë Weinmann works on a project in McNeal Hall, on Wednesday, Oct. 30. (Nur B. Adam / Minnesota Daily)

student workload. The petition prompted a discussion within the department and resulted in course changes, such as reduction of busy work and monthly student-faculty meetings to check in on the workload. Though department heads have acknowledged that changes are ongoing, some students say that not much has tangibly changed in workloads since the petition. Irina Berman, a fourth-year interior design student, said each year revolves around a four-credit studio course. Students work on around three major projects

per semester, with work culminating in their junior year. “Outside of class, I want to say I worked like 25 hours a week [on one studio class],” Berman said. “The work that we’re doing isn’t difficult work necessarily, but the amount of time it takes ... it’s unreal. We’re practically in the same workspace all day long.” According to Tasoulla Hadjiyanni, professor and Interior Design Program director, the workload is to be expected from a demanding program. “Every credit hour is three u See DESIGN SCHOOL Page 3

BY NICK JUNGHEIM When Minnesota and Penn State meet on the gridiron this weekend, it will be the second time in 45 years that two undefeated Big Ten teams have met this late in the season. TCF Bank Stadium seems like an unlikely venue to host such a contest, as the Gophers have not started a season 8-0 since 1941. However, the series of events that has brought together Ben Elliott and Doug Parisano, who will be sitting together in the stands on Saturday, is perhaps even more improbable. Their story begins seven years ago, when Elliott and his wife, Gina, were on vacation with friends. On the trip, another couple told him that the most tangible wedding gift they could receive was if, instead of a physical item, others signed up with Be The Match, a Minnesota-based

marrow donor program, a wish Elliott took to heart. Inspired by friends whose families had been affected by blood cancer, Elliot didn’t hesitate to join the program. That choice came as no surprise to his wife, but what followed was less expected. “When he first signed up it wasn’t [a] surprise because it was just so easy,” Gina Elliott said. “It was a quick little swab of the mouth, and then he was part of the registry. So it seemed like it was a no-brainer. But I think when he actually got matched it was like, ‘Oh, wow. This is a really big deal.’” Unbeknownst to Ben and Gina, Doug Parisano was living far away from the Twin Cities in Paoli, Pennsylvania, a half hour west of Philadelphia. At the time, Parisano was suffering from a constant pain below his rib cage and shortness of breath. Blood tests revealed his white blood cell count was significantly higher than that of a normal person. u See BLOOD BROTHERS Page 4 VOLUME 120 ISSUE 20




Daily Review



Mozaic Art Workshops


1 - 4 p.m. at Coffman Union 325, continues on Nov. 15 and 22. Help with a new mozaic for Coffman.


“next to normal”

1 - 4 p.m. in Coffman Union Theater A 2008 rock musical about a mother with bipolar disorder and her family.

Tacos and Techno

Noon to 7 p.m. at Burrito Loco. Dance with Minnesota EDM Club and get free tacos with a drink purchase.



Fri. and Sat. at 7 p.m. and 10 p.m. at the Coffman Union Theater; Friday at 8 p.m. at the St. Paul Student Center

Thursday, November 7, 2019 Vol. 120 No. 20

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1860 Abraham Lincoln becomes the first Republican elected as president. HISTORYCHANNEL.COM/TDIH

Pho Mai to open in Dinkytown The Vietnamese eatery from MT Noodles’ co-owners opens in February. BY CAITLIN ANDERSON Owners of a new Dinkytown restaurant hope to bring authentic Vietnamese food to campus. Pho Mai, a new Vietnamese restaurant, will enter the former Tim Horton’s storefront at 319 14th Ave. SE. The restaurant owners signed a lease for the space last week and aim to open by February. Owner Michael Bui said the quality of the food will outweigh the price. He will operate the store alongside his mother and co-owner Anh Bui as well as his wife Mai. “Our noodle soups are so flavorful, they have all the traditional ingredients,” Michael Bui said. “We’re going to give a lot of food for the price.” MT Noodles, the Buis’ first restaurant located in Brooklyn Heights, hints at what might be offered at the Pho Mai. The Dinkytown location will

feature many of its top sellers, like pho, rice platters and salads, Michael Bui said. Pat Phethara, a regular customer at MT Noodles, said he’s excited for the new joint. “I like the atmosphere and the service and the people there,” he said. “When they open, we’re going to be there the first day.” Michael Bui is not a not stranger to the neighborhood — he attended the University of Minnesota from 1992 to 1996, where he studied at the Carlson School of Management and lived in Comstock Hall. He and Mai met at the University. “I’m excited just to offer that concept to the students … when I went to school there was no other concept like that,” he said. “Hopefully we’ll be a main-stay.” While University senior Tessa McSweeney is interested in what the new restaurant will offer, she’s also hoping they’ll bring something new amid other Asian-style restaurants in the area.

The recently vacated Tim Hortons, soon to be Pho Mai, as seen in Dinkytown on Monday, Nov. 4. (Jasmin Kemp / Minnesota Daily)

“There’d have to be something to really draw me in to go there versus another place I’ve already been,” McSweeney said. Camdi Restaurant, serving Chinese-Vietnamese cuisine, has been in Dinkytown for more than 30 years. Num-mi, another Vietnamese restaurant, closed this month.

A UMN initiative hopes to transform 30 to 40 food shelves across the state. BY NATALIE CIERZAN


Medicine and Community Health. The basic principles of operation for some food shelves can be improved, Caspi said. “If a food shelf is certified as a SuperShelf, it means it’s gone through a process ... of evaluation,” she said. SuperShelf certification aims to set a higher standard for food shelves around Minnesota, Caspi said. The idea for the initiative began in 2013 with a partnership between

“That’s not necessarily bad if they do something differently that’s really good,” McSweeney said. Michael Bui said Pho Mai’s focus on authentic food will provide a different experience than other Dinkytown spots. He also said the restaurant will encourage customers to enjoy time and

socialize with their friends and family. “I know the University’s market so well … There was never a really authentic Vietnamese restaurant,” he said. “My goal is to make an electronicfree zone … enjoy your time with your friends and family… and we’re going to play a lot of ‘80s music.”

Lakeview HealthPartners and Valley Outreach Food Shelf, originally called Better Shelf for Better Health. It grew from a pilot study to become the extensive partnership it is now. In 2017, the National Institutes of Health gave SuperShelf a grant to provide funding for 16 different transformations and evaluations. The initiative received more than 70 applications. Due to interest, a dozen additional food shelves were transformed with support from the

University of Minnesota Extension and HealthPartners, she said. Deciding which food shelves would be a part of the first evaluation was difficult, Caspi said. “It was more about this process of deciding which food shelves we were going to work with, making sure we achieved some equity in terms of outreach across the state,” she said. Kelly Miller, director of the Department of Indian Work, one of the transformed food shelves in St. Paul, said SuperShelf really turned the shelf around. “They were able to give us advice on how to order, what to order. It was really an eye opener to me,” she said about ordering food for families. While they were ordering based on what clients wanted, most of the food was unhealthy, Miller said. Surveys showed that 90 percent of clients wanted healthier options. “It made sense because the produce is expensive,” she said. Families can get canned or processed foods

for a dollar or less, but they wanted fresher, healthier options, she said. The new layout for the Department of Indian Work also includes culturally specific elements for its Native American clients, such as using Dakota and Ojibwe languages and designs around the food shelf, Miller said. “Clients at a food shelf want the best food and health and outcomes for their families just like everyone else,” said Marna Canterbury, an initiative partner and the director of community health at HealthPartners. Because of stigma around relying on food shelves, people are often hesitant to reach out, she said. Some people assume that food shelf clients just need more nutritional education. Instead, they just want to be treated with dignity and respect, Canterbury said. “People who are food insecure should have access to really appealing, healthy food. That’s what they want,” she said.

Including Indigenous perspectives in the humanities An initiative which aims to incorporate Indigenous ideas received $1 million. BY NATALIE RADEMACHER

An initiative through the University of Minnesota’s Institute of Advanced Study is working to promote Indigenous perspectives in the humanities. T h e E n v i ro n m e n t a l Stewardship, Place, and Community Initiative, which is funded by a more than $1 million grant from the Mellon Foundation, will examine human relationships with the environment. It looks to incorporate Indigenous ideas and knowledge into the humanities field, which many say is Eurocentric. Laurie Moberg, the project’s manager, describes it as

Indigenous and humanities-led environmental stewardship. The project consists of faculty across the Duluth, Morris and Twin Cities campuses. Many of the faculty are involved with Indigneous studies work. Over the next three years, these faculty will use a set of guidelines to pursue work that aligns with the goals of the initiative. Roxanne Biidabinokwe G o u l d , a p ro f e s s o r o f Indigenous Education at the Duluth campus, said there is not much concrete information around the program’s work yet because they are still in the planning stages. While much of the work has yet to be laid out, the initiative is working toward several goals. Part of this will involve encouraging Indigenous and underrepresented students to

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UMN project aims to improve food shelves

A University of Minnesota partnership is transforming food shelves across the state, looking to fill them with healthier options. University research has shown that food shelves do not always make healthy choices easy. Hoping for change, the SuperShelf initiative is working to change what food is offered, improve food shelf designs and ensure funding is spent on food that clients want. Those working on the project aim to change more by the end of next year. “We’re transforming these food shelves so they can become places for clients to access healthy and appealing foods,” said Caitlin Caspi, a researcher and assistant professor in the Department of Family

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pursue education in the humanities. During the second and third years of the project, workshops, activities and mentoring will be offered to encourage Indigenous students to consider pursuing graduate education in the humanities. This could help incorporate Indigenous knowledge and thought into the field. Another aspect of the work will involve developing curriculum that integrates Indigenous research methodologies and environmental stewardship into work around the humanities. “A big part of this is to talk about how Indigenous knowledge and Indigenous ways of knowing can contribute to expanding our understanding of the environmental crisis we are in,” said Jennifer Gunn, director of IAS.

Over the next three years, faculty involved will work to increase diversity in the humanities by incorporating community-based research and Indigenous thought into the conversation. According to Gunn, another part of the initiative is bringing these people together and mapping this knowledge. Gunn said the idea for the work came from a desire to participate in more community engagement work with Indigenous and other underrepresented voices. IAS has been looking at community responsibility to place through several other initiatives, including their River Life project, which focuses on bringing attention to the University’s location on the Mississippi River and acknowledging that the campus is on land formerly inhabited by Dakota people. While funding for the

initiative only runs three years, partners are hoping to seek out other funding sources to allow them to continue the work.

“A big part of this is to talk about how Indigenous knowledge and Indigenous ways of knowing can contribute to expanding our understanding of the environmental crisis we are in.” JENNIFER GUNN Director of the Institute for Advanced Study



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The article “Sanders, Omar rally UMN” misrepresented Sen. Elizabeth Warren’s title. The scoreboard from last issue misstated the scored of the women’s tennis team. The Minnesota Daily strives for complete accuracy and corrects its errors immediately. Corrections and clarifications will always be printed in this space. If you believe the Daily has printed a factual error, please call the readers’ representative at (612) 627–4070, extension 3057, or email immediately. The Minnesota Daily is a legally independent nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization and is a student-written and student-managed newspaper for the University of Minnesota’s Twin Cities campus. The Daily’s mission is: 1) to provide coverage of news and events affecting the University community; 2) to provide a forum for the communication and exchange of ideas for the University community; 3) to provide educational training and experience to University students in all areas of newspaper operations; and 4) to operate a fiscally responsible organization to ensure its ability to serve the University in the future. The Daily is a member of the Minnesota News Council, the Minnesota Associated Press, the Associated Collegiate Press, The Minnesota Newspaper Association and other organizations. The Daily is published Monday and Thursday during the regular school year and weekly during the summer, and it is printed by ECM Publishers in Princeton, Minn. Midwest News Service distributes the 10,000 issues biweekly. All Minnesota Daily inserts are recyclable within the University of Minnesota program and are at least 6 percent consumer waste. U.S. Postal Service: 351–480.


Thursday, November 7, 2019

Loans u from Page 1

paying off the loan in January owing $22,091. While Chatterjee was able to start paying off his loan quickly, he said other students may not have that advantage.  “I think it’s a very good thing what [Prodigy Financing is] trying to do, [financing] students who are trying to study,” he

said. “But [international students] don’t really have any other choice … I did not have any other choice at that point and then was sort of happy that I could take my own loan and not worry about it.” Even without loans, other financial pressures can burden international students. Betty Deng is an international student from China. Due to China’s previous One Child policy, which

restricted families to one child, Deng is the only child her family is putting through college. She struggled to find scholarships before coming to the University for her freshman year, and, even with family support, Deng worries about doing her fair share financially. “I want to get a part-time job after maybe two years, just like in my third year,” she said. “I just want to be more helpful.”

Minneapolis City Council looks to amend code, widen housing options A policy would push homeowners to rent out accessory dwelling units. BY MOHAMED IBRAHIM Minneapolis officials are looking to amend an existing policy to serve as another solution to increasing the city’s housing supply. An ordinance to be introduced to the City Council this week would amend a current policy, eliminating a requirement that owners reside on the property with an accessory dwelling unit (ADU), or a smaller housing unit built as a separate structure or attachment to a house. City officials say the amendment is an effort to boost the variety of housing options citywide for both new and current residents. ADUs are between 300 and 800 square feet, and units typically have their own outside entrance, as well as a kitchen, bathroom and living area. The original ordinance, authored by Ward 10 City Council member and City Council President Lisa Bender, allows homeowners in residential districts to build an ADU on their property, as long as they occupy the primary home. The new policy from

Development u from Page 1

hours of work outside of school for an average student to get an average grade,” Hadjiyanni said. “Average” is a very subjective term, she said. As defined by school policy, the Interior Design Program’s workload is acceptable: “Professional norms and the nature of the academic work may necessitate spending more than three hours of work per week on average ... and some studio activities may require more than an average three hours per week.” However, Marlisha Carter, another third-year interior design student, said the labeled credit hours per class can undersell the amount of work actually necessary for an average grade. “The workload is already super heavy, so most of us don’t have the time to even attempt to go above and beyond,” she said. For Berman, professors recognized that classes were stressful and daunting, but she said she thinks they haven’t done enough to wholly address the problems. One proposed solution a professor gave her to cope with the demanding workload was yoga. Berman laughed it off. “I don’t even have time. No, I’m not going to get up at five o’clock after working until 2 a.m. on other assignments to do yoga,” she said. Expectations of accreditation One of the primary reasons for the program’s rigor is that the University is one of only two in the state of Minnesota to be accredited by the Council for Interior Design Accreditation, which sets high academic standards for interior design programs across the nation. According to Elizabeth Bye, department head for the University’s Department of Design, Housing and Apparel, the rigorous coursework is expected of an accredited program. “As in all accredited, professional degree programs, students are challenged to think beyond the surface and to deeply engage with their coursework,” Bye said in an emailed statement to

Ward 2 City Council member Cam Gordon would amend the ordinance to eliminate the owner occupancy requirement, which he said can be a barrier for rental property owners who may see an ADU as a more affordable way to increase the number of units. “[Property owners] would look at options like ‘should I try to make this into a triplex or should I look at how I could add an accessory dwelling unit,’ but if it’s a piece of rental property, they don’t have that option,” Gordon said. Gordon, whose ward includes the University of Minnesota campus and some of its surrounding neighborhoods, said the policy would attempt to supplement housing alternatives for both new and current residents, like students. “A lot of times people move to Minneapolis, maybe because they’re going to go to the University or St. Thomas or Augsburg, and they like it here, and they want to stay,” Gordon said. “So this is going to give them other options.” According to a February report by Minneapolis housing nonprofit Family Housing Fund, the Twin Cities sevencounty metro area could create 11,000 new housing units by adding ADUs to 1.5 percent of its single-family homes. Family Housing Fund Vice President Colleen

Ebinger said ADUs can be a “gentle” approach to adding more housing units to neighborhoods. The policy would make ADUs more accessible, leading to more options for tenants in areas of the city that lack rental housing, she said. “They’re small-scale, they’re often hidden from sight [and] they’re really incorporated into the feel of a neighborhood,” Ebinger said. “It’s not by any means the silver bullet to solving our housing problem, but it is one of the tools that I think is really important to have.” As of Aug. 30, the city had issued 169 ADU permits to homeowners since the policy was approved in Dec. 2014, according to Jason Wittenberg, planning manager in the city’s Community Planning and Economic Development office. Wittenberg said that while eliminating the owner occupancy requirement will require further steps before implementation, the amendment will ultimately build on the original ordinance. “If the amendment passes, it has the potential to open up a lot more properties where that housing option could be utilized,” he said. The policy is set to be formally introduced by Gordon at the city council meeting Friday.

the Minnesota Daily. “Current credit and workload is comparable with those of other accredited interior design programs at research universities across the country.” However, when told about students’ experiences at the University, Julie Lo, a student in Dunwoody College of Technology’s interior design program — the only other accredited design program in the state— seemed surprised at how the University’s work compared to her experience. “I do not experience this extreme amount of workload. The most for one class per week is about 15 hours — and that’s for [similar studio classes],” she said. Not every student in the University’s design major struggles with the program’s structure. Thirdyear University student Hannah Koch noted a more demanding workload this semester. However, she said that’s not surprising, as the aim of the program is to produce designers who are able to manage the high-stress demands of the field. “I have no problem completing tasks ahead of time or even getting ahead,” she said. “It is all about time management and the energy and time you put into your work. We have all shed tears of frustration, confusion, happiness and relief, as do many in strenuous programs.” For Koch, success in the Interior Design Program is a question of individual time management. She said she is able to work two jobs, including one at a local design and architecture firm. One flag multiple students raised in regards to expectations was the fact that their professors and academic advisers warned against getting a job their junior year. If they did, they said keep it to less than 10 hours per week. “I have a dog, I have bills other than just for myself. As far as finances, my parents can’t really help me, so I’m basically just taking out more loans,” Mitchell said. “But for those who can’t even do that, what do they do then?” Berman agreed with this sentiment, adding that the advice is unrealistic for college students. “A professor said, ‘This is going to be the hardest

semester, and I don’t recommend you have a job.’ That is not a viable option. We have financial needs,” Berman said. “We all work. I work two jobs. It’s not impossible, but they definitely don’t make it easy.” Designing the future Program director Hadjiyanni said administration of the program recognizes that it takes strict dedication and prioritization in order to be successful — traits necessary in the workforce, she said. “There’s not the same expectation for a non-accredited program as a professional, accredited one. None of the studio classes are easy. It’s a lot to learn and a lot to grapple with,” she said. The reduction of course expectations, prompted by the petition, now include less busy work, fewer weekly reflections for some courses and adjustment of lecture to class work-time ratios for others. Four-year plans were revised in February in an effort to alleviate student stress. Student feedback also inspired the Interior Design Conversation Series, a set of monthly meetings where students can meet with faculty to discuss curriculum, career paths, research and more. According to Hadjiyanni, the program has its difficulties in the moment, but many students find it worthwhile. “I recently had a meeting with one of our seniors who said what a great experience they had last semester and … how they learned to manage a lot of different projects at the same time,” she said. Both Hadjiyanni and Bye said the program’s workload is heavy and demanding, but is evolving to suit student needs. Creativity takes hard work and time, Hadjiyanni said. Berman said she knew what she was signing up for when she enrolled. She and others hope students and faculty can have more open discussions going forward that make both parties happy. “The program is so small,” Berman said. “Being able to talk to [faculty] is very important. I think we deserve to be a part of the change and be a part of helping them understand what we need as students.”


Development u from Page 1

“They’ve been open to [community input], especially having the forums,” she said. While the amended proposal comes with new community benefits, neighborhood residents said it’s still not enough. “Show us something that is absolutely, substantively and permanently going to improve the community that would justify the increased density,” said Marcy-Holmes resident Cordelia Pierson during the meeting. Questions ranging from

affordability specifics to commercial space plans were also at the height of Tuesday’s discussions. Sadowy reiterated the plan to include affordable units in the project at the meeting. How affordability will cater to students, the number of units and the price of the units have not yet been indicated. Neil Reardon, project manager at ESG Architects, also said at the meeting that the non-affordable units would be priced at market rate in line with other recent developments. Community members voiced a desire for a grocery store under the development and concerns about insufficient parking.

“I’m really looking forward to what their commercial plan is, what the layout is, what the opportunities are,” EideTollefson said. Sadowy said he has reached out to multiple grocery stores but most have declined. Of the project’s total 211 parking spots, 20 will be reserved for commercial patrons. Many community members said this was too low. Eide-Tollefson said she doesn’t think the community is being unreasonable, but pushing the developer to address concerns is important. “This is Dinkytown’s last chance, this is not something we can redo,” she said.

UMN Campus Crime Update: Aggravated assaults on the rise near campus Cedar-Riverside and Marcy-Holmes have seen spikes in aggravated assault. BY TAYLOR SCHROEDER Aggravated assaults have increased in neighborhoods surrounding the University of Minnesota from 2018 to 2019.

Crime trends Cedar-Riverside, MarcyHolmes, Southeast Como and Prospect Park have all seen a rise in aggravated assaults, according to Minneapolis Police Department crime statistics. Other violent crimes such as rape, robbery, domestic assault and homicide do not show clear trends from year-to-year. Aggravated assaults in Cedar-Riverside saw the greatest increase at 208 percent, from 13 instances in 2018 to 40 instances in 2019, as of Nov. 5. Marcy-Holmes saw the second greatest increase at 65 percent, from 31 instances to 51 instances. Southeast Como and Prospect Park, neighborhoods that attract less crime than CedarRiverside and Marcy-Holmes, also saw small increases. Ag-

gravated assaults in Southeast Como rose from seven to 11 compared to last year. Prospect Park had a rise of two aggravated assaults, as of Nov. 5. Notable Crimes On Oct. 26 at 4:26 p.m., the University of Minnesota Police Department responded to a call from Diehl Hall of a man who was stabbed with a hypodermic needle during a study session. The suspect was walking around empty bookshelves and staring at the victim. When the victim walked downstairs to get help from security, the suspect followed him with his hands in his waistband. On the second floor of Diehl Hall, the victim began talking with the front desk staff. Meanwhile, the suspect approached the desk and asked about where a ‘leisure place like a movie theater or restaurant’ would be. The victim pointed him toward Moos Tower. As the suspect was walking away, he stabbed the victim with a sharp object in his upper left leg. The victim reported feeling a burn on his leg, where he found a bleeding puncture wound. Camera operators were able to locate the sus-

pect for UMPD. Police found the suspect holding a knife at Washington Avenue Southeast and Church Street Southeast. Officers tasered the suspect and took him into custody, later finding a needle in his possession. The suspect, who tested positive for Hepatitis C, was charged with a felony for second degree assault. On Nov. 4 at 10:24 a.m., UMPD was dispatched to 19th Avenue Parking Ramp on a report of a suspicious person on the uppermost level. UMPD found the suspect in an elevator lobby, talking to himself and walking in circles. The officers reported they recognized the suspect from multiple encounters regarding him sleeping in University parking ramps. After officers made contact with the suspect, he began shouting expletives at them. The officers informed the suspect he was being detained and escorted him from the ramp despite his resistance. The suspect was brought to Hennepin County Jail on charges of obstructing legal process. He was also issued a trespass warning for his behavior.







Hart making most of last months at U The senior is second on the team with 210 kills, leading the U to 17-3 record. BY NOLAN O’HARA Alexis Hart grew up in a basketball family in Missouri, but a passion for volleyball and the influence of her late grandfather ultimately led to her becoming a four-year starter at the University of Minnesota. Growing up, Hart was a multi-sport athlete. Her athletic career began at the age of five, when she joined a summer track league and started training with her siblings and aunt. She would eventually go on to compete in track, volleyball and basketball simultaneously in high school. She continued in volleyball and track through senior year, sticking with volleyball over basketball because of her passion for the game and the strong team element of the sport. “My mom was like, ‘You have to play basketball, or

I guess you can play volleyball.’ I chose volleyball over basketball, which she wasn’t too happy about,” Hart said. “I kind of just sparked an interest, I guess. I also loved track, but I saw more opportunities in volleyball, so I went with volleyball, and I just fell in love with it.” There were certainly opportunities for Hart in volleyball, including one at the University. Hart’s grandfather played an important part in her life, and she wanted to make the decision on where to play with his guidance. He was a father figure for Hart, and she wanted to play at a school he loved. That school happened to be Minnesota. It wasn’t long before Hart began to love the University as well. “He really loved this school. Once I got to talk to him, he just expressed his feelings on how much he loved it here,” she said. “Then I saw the coaches and the culture and the girls. I was like, ‘Yes, I like it too.’ We kind of agreed, and then I just fell in love with the school.”

The decision has paid dividends for Hart. She won American Volleyball Coaches Association North Region Freshman of the Year and has earned two All Big-Ten selections. This season, Hart is second on the team in kills and kills per set, and her play has only ramped up over the Gophers last four matches. In that span, she has recorded 64 kills, with no less than 10 in each match, and the Gophers have gone 4-0, including two five-set wins over Michigan and Ohio State. “They’re all carrying a nice load for us. When one of them is dominant, as [Hart]’s been the last few matches, that helps us a lot,” said head coach Hugh McCutcheon. Hart’s love and passion for the game of volleyball is evident, and she hopes to continue her volleyball career after graduation. She can’t begin that process until after the season, and it will be a busy couple months before then. The No. 6 ranked Gophers have eight

Outside Hitter Alexis Hart receives the ball at the Maturi Pavilion on Saturday, Sept. 7. The Gophers defeated Florida 3 sets to 0 for their home opener. (Jack Rodgers / Minnesota Daily)

more conference games and the postseason on the horizon, and Hart will also graduate at the end of the semester with a degree in business marketing education. Her graduation marks the first of the grandchildren in her family, and she’s happy she can make

her family proud with her accomplishment. “Just knowing that I can get my degree and it puts a smile on my family’s face makes us even closer,” she said. The four years have flown by for Hart. She wants to finish her senior

year strong, both academically and athletically, and she has one final goal as the semester approaches a close. “I think overall, I’m just trying to be the best person I can be in these last few months that I have here,” she said.


Gophers shoot their way to victory in season opener Minnesota went 13-29 from three in 85-50 victory over Cleveland State. BY NICK JUNGHEIM On Tuesday night, the Minnesota men’s basketball team began its quest for a second consecutive NCAA Tournament appearance against Cleveland State. The Gophers gave fans at The Barn a first look at many new players and a revamped offense featuring improved shooting. In the offseason, the NCAA moved the 3-point line back to 22 feet, 1 3/4 inches, but that didn’t seem to matter as Minnesota shot 44.8% from downtown in a 85-50 victory. “They started zone [defense] and they were giving us that,” head coach Richard Pitino said. “Those guys can shoot. Payton [Willis] can shoot, Gabe [Kalscheur] can shoot, Marcus [Carr] can shoot. So, if you’re open you have to take what the defense gives you.” Before the season, Pitino expected that the Gophers would shoot more 3-pointers, a trend that was evident immediately on Tuesday. Minnesota’s first five field goal attempts all came from behind the arc, the first

Blood brothers u from Page 1

From the results, Parisano’s doctor believed he had lukemia, a form of cancer in the body’s blood-forming tissue. After consulting with a specialist, he was prescribed a medication that required a monthly copay of $5,000. “It was pretty sobering,” Parisano said. “I had to pay that first one, which my sister was kind enough to help me with, because I did not have that kind of cash at that moment in my life.” After 10 months on the medication, further testing revealed a mutation in which Parisano’s eighth chromosome was beginning to duplicate itself. A different medication then drove his white blood cell count too low, at which point his sister Stephanie referred him to a specialist at the University of Pennsylvania who concluded Parisano required a bone marrow transplant. Parisano was registered with Help Hope Live, an organization in Pennsylvania that provides individuals with financial assistance for medical expenses. Collaborating

Forward Alihan Demir attempts a layup at Williams Arena on Tuesday, Nov. 5. The Gophers went on to defeat Cleveland State 85-50. (Kamaan Richards / Minnesota Daily)

four of which rimmed out. However, sophomore Gabe Kalscheur then sank a shot from the corner and the Gophers went on to make three of their first eight 3-point shots. After leading by three points, Minnesota leaned on its outside shooting during a 19-1 run that extended the lead to 34-13 with 3:03 remaining in the first half. Kalscheur, redshirt sophomore Marcus Carr and redshirt junior Payton Willis all knocked down multiple threes before halftime, as

with Be The Match, the organizations found a blood marrow donor for Parisano. That donor was Ben Elliott. “They told me they had a complete and total match,” Parisano said. “Ben not only was a match 10/10 but also had never had HPV. Apparently most people have had that, but he was a zero on that, and I was a zero as well so it was literally a perfect match.” On Jan. 25, 2013, Parisano underwent a procedure to replace his bone marrow with Elliott’s donation. Convinced he was doing the right thing, Elliot never wavered in his determination to donate. The whole time, his pregnant wife was by his side. “There was a lot of emotion in knowing that Ben needed to be at his best,” Gina Elliott said. “And feeling his best as possible and healthy as possible to make sure we were in good shape.” The operation proved successful, at which point Parisano was put on the path to recovery. In July of that year, Parisano finally returned to work. After a year passed, both men opted into meeting each other. Neither knew what

they combined for 18 of the team’s 19 3-point field goal attempts before the break. “That should be a strength of ours this year,” Willis said. “The versatility on offense and the ability to shoot will win us a lot of games.” In the second half, Minnesota’s offense continued to function smoothly, pushing the lead to 24 points at the under-12 minute timeout. The advantage continued to grow from there, reaching as many as 39 points as the team went 6-10 on 3-point

attempts in the second half. “What I liked about the game is we had seven new guys, we didn’t look like we were trying to figure each other out,” Pitino said. “We were pretty connected out there.” Throughout the game, Minnesota managed to find their sharp-shooting guards for open looks. The team’s 26 assists were the most in a game since last season’s opener against NebraskaOmaha. “We’re well aware of our ability to pass the ball,

move the ball and share the ball together,” Carr said. “This team just has a pretty high basketball IQ and a good awareness of where guys like to get shots and where guys are most comfortable and efficient in scoring.” Sophomore Daniel Oturu started his new campaign with a stand-out performance, bearing the load for a Gophers front court missing redshirt junior Eric Curry, who will miss the season with a torn ACL, and freshman Isaiah Ihnen, who sat out with a wrist injury. Oturu finished with a double-double, scoring 16 points and recording a game-high 10 rebounds. Carr led all scorers with 18 points, also adding eight assists and seven rebounds. Willis scored 17 points, going 5-8 from three while also contributing 8 assists. The backcourt duo said they became comfort playing together on the scout team last


VS MINNESOTA 85 WHEN: 7 p.m. Tuesday

The Elliotts first met Parsiano’s sister Stephanie when she traveled to Minneapolis for a business trip, but Ben and Doug didn’t meet in-person until about three years ago, when Ben and Gina traveled to Philadelphia. At that point, they were introduced to Parisano’s family. Ever since, both men have kept in contact and their relationship has strengthened. “I’m also an only child,”


Ben Elliot, left, the bone marrow donor, and Doug Parisano, right. (Courtesy of Gina Elliot)

exactly to expect when they exchanged their first emails. Over 1,000 miles separated the two of them yet, due to the operation, they shared the same DNA. Upon getting to know one another, they discovered they, in fact, had a lot in common. “Turns out we look a little bit alike,” Parisano said. “We’re about the same height, dark hair, dark eyes, although he’s much younger than myself.”

season while sitting out due to NCAA transfer rules. “We’ve gotten used to each other’s game now,” Carr said. “We know where we’re going to be on the court. We communicate a lot when we’re out there.” Senior Alihan Demir, playing in his first game with the Gophers after transferring from Drexel, was the fourth player scoring in double-digits for Minnesota, with all 10 of his points coming in the second half. Minnesota will hit the road next, playing a neutral site game against Oklahoma on Nov. 9 in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. After that, they will have back-to-back true road games against Butler and Utah. “Now you just get some rest and you turn the page,” Pitino said. “This schedule is the toughest I’ve been a part of. Your second, your third, your fourth game are just tremendous opportunities.”

Elliott said, “So I find it kind of ironic that I now have a sort of ‘blood brother.’” For a while, the two discussed Parisano coming to the Twin Cities to visit the Elliott’s home, a visit which will take place this weekend. The timing was perfect for the two as the Elliotts’ alma mater, Minnesota, will be hosting Penn State in football. Elliott said that they chose this occasion after seeing many social

media posts of Parisano with his fiancée, Whitney, attending Penn State football games. Whitney, a Nittany Lions super fan who has been attending games since she was old enough to walk, adopted Parisano into the Penn State fandom when they began dating five years ago. “When we made the plan, we thought it was just going to be something mutual to share in and have a little rivalry over. But now it’s actually important to both teams,” Elliot said. While the football game is the occasion around which they planned the visit, both parties have plenty to be excited about this weekend. The Elliotts plan to take Parisano for Juicy Lucys, show off Surly Brewing and attend church at the Basilica of Saint Mary. Parisano says he can’t wait to meet Ben and Gina’s youngest child, Griffin, with whom Gina was pregnant when she visited Philadelphia. “We’re making plans to show [Parisano] a great time here,” Gina Elliot said. “But mostly just to show him our Gopher pride. We’re undefeated and looking forward to this game ahead.”







ou can usually hear Fatuma Mohamed before you can see her. Her distinct speaking voice cuts through soundscapes and more often than not, it’s filled with joy and excitement. It’s just one facet that makes her a presence in any room. Her ultra-thrifted, funky wardrobe also sets her apart. On a recent day, Mohamed wore a faux leather pea green jumpsuit, mismatched gold earrings and a shimmery silver scarf in her hair. Mohamed sees the world as her playground. She finds beautiful, deeply human moments everywhere and captures them on film. “Some people say street photography’s dead. I don’t really think so,” she said. “When I have film I just go crazy. I’m a fire sign, so you know, I just go, go, go.” Mohamed, 23, has lived most of her life in Northeast Minneapolis with her parents and six siblings. She was a shy kid, but constantly observing — in a way, that has never changed. Her venture into photography started in high school. She had been shooting on her iPhone 4 until her ceramics teacher, Denny Sponsler, hooked her up with a film camera. “She had a personality that was just constantly involved in telling the stories around her,” Sponsler said. “I remember her wanting to take better pictures, so that’s why I said, ‘Here, try this camera.’ And she did.” Since then, Mohamed hasn’t stopped. You can often find her on West Bank, between her art classes at the University of Minnesota, shooting film on the roofs of parking garages. She uses public transportation regularly, and it’s there where she has found her most memorable subjects. “I notice people when I’m on public transportation. I just like looking at faces. I don’t always do that. But, there are people that have unique looks and styles,” she said. A myriad things have caught her eye: a man’s handmade, punk-style leather jacket on a city bus, the specific color of pink on a child’s winter coat, ethereal sisters from her neighborhood, a shirtless, exuberant man waiting by a bus stop, or a mother’s loving gaze at her young child. “I just like stuff that has emotion … something that makes me stop,” she said. Part of what makes Mohamed so special is her ability to approach strangers and immediately gain their trust. For a photographer, this skill is priceless. In typical Mohamed fashion, she introduced herself to Stephanie Glaros on Tumblr. At the time, Mohamed was still a student at MCTC and Glaros, well-known in the Twin Cities for running “Humans of Minneapolis,” was teaching there. “You don’t have to spend more than a couple minutes with Fatuma to go like, ‘Oh, you’re kind of your own, unique being.’ I’ve never met anyone quite like her,” said Glaros, who has become a mentor to Mohamed. Mohamed has lived in Minneapolis her whole life and only traveled out of state once. In summer 2019, that changed. She traveled to Kenya, and then Somalia, her “homeland.” The trip pushed her creativity into overdrive. She made three short films. She was so eager to take pictures in Kenya, that when she made it to Somalia, she just had one roll left. The whole experience was humbling, she said. “Before I was living in a dreamland. Now I see the world for what it really is.” Growing up, Mohamed said, she never saw Somali women in magazines. Her desire for representation helps fuel her passion for street photography — in her own neighborhood and beyond. “Like all artists, it’s her spirit and her personality and her push forward with this work … She’s telling the stories that she really wants to tell,” Sponsler said. With a University-rented Pentax K1000 around her neck, Mohamed is unstoppable.

Mohamed sees the world through her camera lens

Fatuma Mohamed has a eye for capturing special moments on the streets of Minneapolis.




2nd Annual Mill City Art Show With an eventful Halloweekend in the rearview mirror, it’s time to take things down a notch. Start off your low-key weekend at the Inverted Arts space in Grain Belt Studios for opening night of the second annual Mill City Art Show. This year’s theme, “Love vs. Fear,” will feature curated pieces of art that process the tension between the two emotions. 6 - 10 p.m. Grain Belt Studios, 77 13th Ave. NE. Suite 207, Minneapolis Free


Twin Cities Record Show What better way to spend a cold Saturday in November than digging through crate after crate of records inside a brewery? Able Brewery and MSP Music Expo are teaming up for another installment of the Twin Cities Record Show. The Able Seedhouse and Brewery will be full of thousands of albums, 45 RPM records, music memorabilia and, of course, beer. 12 - 4 p.m. MSP Music Expo, 1121 Quincy St. NE., Minneapolis Free


Minneapolis Vintage Market

Some people say street photography’s dead. I don’t really think so. When I have film I just go crazy.” FATUMA MOHAMED University art student

As the weekend wraps up, find some vintage steals at the November edition of the Minneapolis Vintage Market at Chowgirls in the Solar Arts building. The monthly marketplace focuses on premium vintage and one-of-akind treasures. The event starts at noon, but if you want to get first looks at all the clothes, early bird tickets are available online with free coffee included. 11 a.m. - 12 p.m. (early bird ticket holders); 12 - 5 p.m. (general admission) Chowgirls at Solar Arts, 711 15th Ave NE., Minneapolis $20 for early bird, free after 12 p.m.

♫ Artist Spotlight: J. Plaza has been on the Twin Cities hip hop scene for a hot minute. Even with no full-length projects, the “IDGAF” rapper has kept a buzz by dropping an array of singles, most recently turning the Kawhi Leonard laughing meme into an absolute banger.




Editorials & Opinions


Driver, roll up the isolationism, please Are you happy to be in Paris?

Uma Venkata columnist


his Monday, Pr esident T r ump announced that the U.S. is for mally withdrawing from the Paris Agreement. The Paris Agreement’s goal is to keep the rise in global temperature below the catastrophic 2°C, with intentions to limit that increase closer to 1.5°C. The agreement was launched on Nov. 4, 2016, during the Obama administration. Dropping out of the agreement was one of Trump’s first goals after inauguration. He’s kept his eye on the ball since then. This past Monday

was the first day the agreement’s terms allowed par ticipating countries to begin withdrawal proceedings. Consistency is rare in Tr ump’s White House, but they nailed this one. The Paris Agreement is a function of the United Nations. European countries are the most active in the agreement. Its point is to mitigate the ef fects of future years’ climate change on wealthy, shielded countries, as well as poor, vulnerable countries. The Paris Agreement exists to coordinate each countr y’s ability for, or exemption from, emissions reductions. The United States is a powerful countr y, and we absolutely have the infrastr ucture and brainpower to orchestrate carbon cutting of our own. Americans have solved harder problems. It’s only that the Trump administration is choosing that we do not. There are plenty of reasons why this is a willfully ignorant decision, and here are three. T r ump summed up his reasoning for leaving the Paris Agreement with “Pittsbur gh befor e Paris” r hetoric. This is to say, the agreement does not favor Americans, because developments in clean energy will take away jobs in historical sectors, prominently coal mining. I personally do not know anyone who still uses coal. It’s vintage at best. And not to state the obvious, but the agreement is not about favoring Paris. It’s about saving, quite literally, the whole world. Paris is just the city it originated in and a nice place to visit for the signing ceremonies. This is the kind of incapacity for critical thinking that loses people spots in selective enrollment grammar schools. Climate change is a security threat.

Trump nominated Mike Pompeo, and he ser ved as Director of Central Intelligence for a year, from which role he switched directly into Secretar y of State for the Trump administration. It should be safe to say that he knows more than most about threats to American national security, so he should know that climate change is a threat to American security. It is officially included in the Worldwide Threat Assessment, a publication of the American intelligence community. Secretar y Pompeo, however, supports the President’s actions to withdraw from the agreement, to the detriment of both foreign and domestic lives. In any enabling of the United States to leave the Paris Agreement, Secretar y Pompeo, whose legacy before joining the Trump administration was not as obsequious, is acting directly against the safety of American people. Hur ting the ear th is antithetical to the Christianity that some use to justify Tr ump’s decisions. The evangelical Christian community that supports Trump is, statistically speaking, familiar with the Bible. As read in the New International Version of the Bible, “The LORD God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it” (Genesis 2:15). Biblical interpretation is complicated, but this one is simple. God told us to take care of the Ear th. The U.N. is tr ying! The U.S. is not. Either Trump’s Christian base is compromising their faith for politics, or they are woefully lacking in Bible study. Neither one looks good. A more widely known passage tells us that, “Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the ear th” (Matthew 5:5). Maybe the joke here is that they’re meek enough not to

complain when we give them a completely destroyed earth. When our planet goes haywire, and climate engulfs humans in flood, fire and drought, families like Tr ump’s will be fine. Kim and Kanye hired private firefighters for their Califor nia mansion. T r ump isn’t looking out for all Americans’ interests, only a few `ultra-riche, and his own dogmatism for reelection. Climate change is above that, and we should be too.

Uma Venkata welcomes comments at


Regarding the Turkish American Student Association’s painting The student group painted a divided Cyprus during this year’s paint the bridge event.


e are a group of UMN faculty and students who wish to publicly express our objection and concern over an act of provocation by the Turkish American Student Association. As part of the annual painting of the campus bridge by student associations, the Turkish Association chose to paint the picture of a divided Cyprus on its logo. Cyprus was subjected to a military invasion by Turkey in 1974, and has ever since been divided, with 40% of its territory occupied by Turkish forces. In short, the 1974 invasion resulted in:

200,000 refugees who lost their homes and livelihoods Over 3,000 people killed and 1619 missing to this day Museums, churches, historical sites and cultural artifacts desecrated and destroyed, an irreplaceable loss to all of humanity

Students and staff of the University of Minnesota:

Cyprus is an independent state recognized by the UN. Turkey’s illegal occupation of Cyprus is in violation of several UN Security Council resolutions and is not recognized by any country other than Turkey. Therefore, the bridge painting constitutes a direct insult to us as members of the UMN community. Some of us have experienced the invasion as young children and count relatives amongst the dead and missing. At a time when Turkey’s aggression in the Middle East is in full swing, we emphasize that we do not want this conflict to reach our campus community. We celebrate the right of our Turkish and Turkish Cypriot colleagues to demonstrate their heritage, but we demand that they do so in a non-divisive way. We are calling on all students, staff and university authorities to denounce the act, and ask for the immediate removal of the drawing.

Dr. Theofanis G. Stavrou, professor of History

• •


Dr. Tasoulla Hadjiyanni, professor, Interior Design Dr. Nikos Papanikolopoulos, McKnight Presidential Endowed Professor

Dr. Vassilios Morellas, director, Computer Science & Engineering Dr. Daniel Demetriou, associate professor, current philosophy discipline coordinator Dr. Katerina M. Marcoulides, assistant professor, Department of Psychology Dr. Spyros Charonis, research associate, Department of Neuroscience Dr. Marinos Kosmopoulos, postdoctoral fellow, Division of Cardiology

Dr. Diamantis Tsaggaris, M.D. Alexandros Giannelis, graduate student Vasileios Litsakis, undergraduate president of the Hellenic Student Association Vasileios Ioannidis, graduate student, member of the Hellenic Student Association board Ioanna Polyzou, graduate student Konstantinos Mavromatis, graduate student Lambros Tassoulas, graduate student Katrina Palaiologou, research coordinator Thomas Louvaris, past president of the Hellenic Student Association Apostolos Kotsolis, undergraduate student

Dr. Panagiotis Traganitis, postdoctoral associate, Electrical & Computer Engineering Dr. Theodore Christoforidis, postdoctoral associate, College of Biological Sciences

This letter to the editor has been lightly edited for style and clarity.

SHARE YOUR VIEWS The Minnesota Daily welcomes letters and guest columns from readers. All letters must include the writer’s name, address and phone number for verification. The Daily reserves the right to edit all letters for style, space, libel and grammar. Letters to the editor should be no more than 500 words in length. Guest columns should be approximately 350 words. The Daily reserves the right to print any submission as a letter or guest column. Submission does not guarantee publication. Fax: (612) 435-5865 Phone: (612) 435-1578 Letters and columns to the editor 2221 University Ave. SE Suite 450 Minneapolis, MN 55414 EDITORIALS & OPINIONS DEPARTMENT Editorials represent the voice of the Minnesota Daily as an institution and are prepared by the editorial board.






Today’s Birthday (11/7): Haul in a profitable load this year. Benefit from consistent connection, collaboration and communication. Engage in networking and creative expression this winter before your journey changes direction. Anticipate a summer financial slowdown. A trip reveals unimagined treasure. Conserve and share with reverence.


To get the advantage, check the day’s rating: 10 is the easiest day, 0 the most challenging. Written by Nancy Black

Aries (3/21 - 4/19): Today is a 6 — Share dreams and aspirations. Imagine your desired results as already achieved. Picture something seemingly impossible as realized. Recharge. Organize and plan.

Libra (9/23 - 10/22): Today is a 7 — Listen and learn. Share your health and work concerns with someone who always tells the truth. Look at a challenge from a new point of view.

Taurus (4/20 - 5/20): Today is a 7 — Reach out to your networks for support with a challenge. Longterm dreams for a group project can be achieved with disciplined collaboration. Articulate and share.

Scorpio (10/23 - 11/21): Today is a 7 — Indulge romantic dreams, especially when current realities don’t match your vision. Find out what’s required. Once you see what’s underneath, build it stronger.

Gemini (5/21 - 6/21): Today is an 8 — Heed the voice of experience. Keep your own score. Maintain budgets and timelines. Strengthen foundations. Disciplined efforts can help you realize a dream.

Sagittarius (11/22 - 12/21): Today is an 8 — Illustrate your vision for domestic renovations. Imagine possibilities and research potential options. Make a dream board to collect creative ideas. Share joy.

Cancer (6/22 - 7/22): Today is an 8 — Figure out how to pay for a dream exploration. Nebulous possibilities take shape with focused action. Consider angels, ancestors and future generations.

Capricorn (12/22 - 1/19): Today is an 9 — Articulate your vision and share it far and wide. Provide clear, simple arguments, illustrated persuasively. Your excellent work is getting attention.

Leo (7/23 - 8/22): Today is an 8 — Put your talent to work for a team effort. Work out budgets and benefits. Keep your wits about you. Ask for more and get it. You will be rewarded for your ambition.

Aquarius (1/20 - 2/18): Today is an 9 — Discover an excellent, innovative idea. Consider potential costs. Obsess over the details, and don’t get your hopes too high. Advance and adapt on the fly.

Virgo (8/23 - 9/22): Today is an 8 — Engage in creative partnership. Make plans to realize a shared dream. You can find the resources. Articulate in detail the long-term results you’d like.

Pisces (2/19 - 3/20): Today is an 8 — Heed expert advice, even when you don’t agree. It may not look like it, but conditions favor personal advancement. Listen to your inner self. Persistent practice pays off.

DR. DATE Dr. Date,

My girlfriend and I have been having a rough time lately, mostly because I got very drunk and kissed another girl at a party a few weeks ago. Totally my fault and I’m not excusing it, so I deeply apologized a million times, and she decided to forgive me. We’ve had some tense moments, and she’s brought it up a lot, but we’re getting past it. When she suggested a winter break trip for the two of us, I said yes, hoping it would help repair our relationship. She’s been wanting to go to Yellowstone National Park for a while and said there’s a really cool remote spot we could camp at, miles from any other people. She told me she wants us to be totally secluded and alone, and I shouldn’t even bring my phone because it would distract from her. She even said I shouldn’t tell anyone where I’m going, just in case they try to dissuade me because they’re against our relationship. I’m super excited for the trip and want to try and do something special for her too. After what I did in the past, I want her to know I love her on this trip. I was thinking of packing some special food I could cook for her, but she said she would take care of all of it. Any ideas?

–Safe and Sound

Dear Safe and Sound,

Uhhh ... maybe bring a spare satellite phone, some bear spray and a GPS? You can go on a fun hike back to civilization! Make sure you’re carrying all the food and supplies so she doesn’t have to worry about it. If you want, you can even set up a romantic trip to a town you’re very familiar with so you can show her around! I don’t think I’m reading into things when I say your girlfriend’s plan sounds a little dangerous. Yellowstone? In the middle of winter? The most romantic thing you could do would be staying home at your own houses with the doors locked, texting about how great you’re becoming at self-defense. Stay safe!

Dr. Date,

Look, I’ll be real with you — I don’t really vote. I voted for the first time in the 2016 presidential race and have ignored every campaign sign since. It’s not that I don’t care, I just don’t see the point sometimes. So when I got a reminder for this year’s local election, I threw it in the trash and forgot all about it. However, my boyfriend does not feel the same. He’s super involved in local politics and campaigns for various candidates every year. Our political styles haven’t come up until this month when I told him I wasn’t going to bother with voting. He got SUPER pissed and told me that if I didn’t vote for his particular candidate, we were over! His ultimatum just made me not want to vote even more, so I didn’t. Aaaaaaand, his candidate lost. I know I should feel sympathetic, but he’s blaming me for all of it, saying that if I had campaigned with him or voted they would have won! I think it’s ridiculous, but he’s seriously considering breaking up with me over this, and I’m not sure what to do. How can I convince him that I’m not the sole reason his political life is failing?

–Leaning Toward No One

Dear Leaning Toward No One,

Okay, I won’t tell you that you HAVE to vote, but I do think it’s seriously important, local or national. However, I don’t think anyone is being a major asshole — it’s ok for you to be apathetic about politics, and it’s ok for your boyfriend to really care about local elections. If it’s a dealbreaker for him you’re probably not meant to be, but you should give it a few days before bringing it up again. He seems upset about the loss and may be taking it out on anyone involved, not just you. Regroup once it’s set in and talk about your priorities, voting or otherwise.

–Dr. Date

–Dr. Date

Dr. Date is a satirical advice column dissecting real-world situations. Want advice from the love doctor? Email Dr. Date at


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Thursday, November 7, 2019

Let’s talk turkey: UMN research finds an antibiotic alternative for turkeys

Study finds that probiotics perform the same as lowdose antibiotics. BY JIANG LI With Thanksgiving swiftly approaching, a University of Minnesota research team published a study last month detailing an alternative to antibiotics that can benefit turkey health and overall production in the industry. The six-year-long study found that customized probiotics perform the same as low-dose antibiotics in keeping turkeys healthy and fat. The p ro b i o t i c s , o r h e a l t h y bacteria that aid digestion, match certain types of bacteria in the turkey’s gut. This helps the bird ward off diseases without using antibiotics, which if overused can make diseases hard to treat and pose a risk to human health when they consume it. The customized probiotics can bring change to the turkey industry, said study lead Tim Johnson, a University associate professor in the College of Veterinary Medicine. Johnson said the idea for the study stemmed from nationwide efforts to reduce the use of antibiotics by the United States government and consumers. Usually, many turkeys are fed with low-dose antibiotics when they are young to help them gain weight and maintain health. “The challenges are that when you have

been using antibiotics to maintain health for more than 50 years, and you have to suddenly reduce the use dramatically, it becomes difficult sometimes to control [the] disease and to also maintain the typical growth that [the industry] expect[s] with turkeys,” Johnson said. The research team worked with turkey farms as part of their study, providing customized probiotics for the farmers to test on their livestock. “It is encouraging to have researchers connect with turkey growers and take the research out on the farm level,” said Minnesota Turkey Growers Association board member Jill Nezworski. The research team collaborated with their lab in Willmar, Minnesota, which Johnson said is the heart of turkey production in the state. Last year, Minnesota ranked first in turkey production and processing in the U.S., with roughly 42 to 45 million turkeys raised annually, according to the MTGA. The state has about 600 turkey farms. Johnson said his team hopes to develop a product that farmers can use in the next one or two years. Ashley and Jonathan Klaphake are third-generation turkey farmers currently raising eightweek old turkeys in the Melrose, Minnesota area. The couple has been using the University research team’s probiotic feed for about a year and a half. “We’ve seen improvement in our older birds,” said Ashley Klaphake. “I can actually tell their guts

Top and bottom left, Rosemount Research & Outreach Center at UMore Park Facility Staff prepare to take a turkey’s weight on Thursday, Oct. 31. Top right, Elizabeth Miller, who conducts research with University associate professor Tim Johnson, works in the Veterinary Sciences building on Friday, Nov. 1. B Bottom right,Turkeys gather in a holding pen at the Rosemount Research & Outreach Center at UMore Park on Thursday, Oct. 31. (Nur B. Adam / Minnesota Daily)

are tightening up so their stool isn’t so loose and then it’s not creating so much ammonia and wetness.” Second-generation t u rk e y g r o w e r K e n t Meschke runs a farm near Little Falls, Minnesota, with his turkeys going to 65 brands around the country. Meschke is also on the research committee for the MTGA. Meschke said the team’s research helps the steady growth rate by keeping turkeys healthy. The research team hopes its findings can also be used to substitute the use of antibiotics in other poultry and perhaps even humans, Johnson said. “In humans, each person has a different microbiom e , h e a lt h ch a llenges, so the goal would be that we can customize o u r a pproa ch t o e v e r y person,” Johnson said. “My hopes are that this first product will lead to a discovery of additional probiotic products.”

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November 7, 2019  

November 7, 2019  

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