Page 1







U football player out after arrest

‘Manure prof’ grows lab

Freshman Maxwell Janes was kicked off the team after he allegedly punched an officer. BY JACK WARRICK

A Gophers football player has been kicked off the team after he allegedly punched an officer last week, according to KSTP. Maxwell Janes was arrested near 1st Street South and Hennepin Avenue a little after midnight Friday, according to the criminal complaint obtained by KSTP. He then told police he had to exit the squad car to vomit. After letting him out, he allegedly punched one of the officers in the face. He was charged with fourth degree assault of an officer, according to the report. “We have extremely high standards for members of our team and when those standards are not met there are consequences,” head coach P.J. Fleck wrote in a statement. “The behavior exhibited in this situation is completely unacceptable and contradictory to the culture we are creating. Law enforcement officers speak to our team and educate them multiple times a year, and we greatly appreciate those who protect and serve us on a daily basis.” Janes, a freshman tight end who attended Mounds View High School in Minnesota, played in all 13 games last season and tallied one career tackle with the Gophers.



Melissa Wilson measures a plot where manure will be laid on Friday, Feb. 8 in Falcon Heights, Minnesota. Wilson leads several research projects and is currently conducting research to observe manure, snow and its runoff.

A University researcher studies best practices for smart manure management. BY NATALIE RADEMACHER

Govt. shutdown avoided, effects of first linger Some researchers’ funding remains in limbo three weeks after the shutdown ended. BY JAKE STEINBERG

The nation avoided another government shutdown Friday, but University of Minnesota researchers are still feeling the effects of the last one. When President Donald Trump signed a bipartisan budget deal to keep the government funded through September, Department of Entomology Head Sujaya Rao was wondering what happened to her grant proposal from June. T w o p ro j e c t f u nders a m on g the University’s biggest — the National Science Foundation and the United States Department of Agriculture — emerged from the shutdown to find a month’s worth of grant proposals awaiting review. The backlog has delayed proposal reviews. Three weeks after the shutdown ended, University researchers still don’t know if they’ll receive funding. “We were able to submit proposals all through the shutdown. It’s just that once they got there, they didn’t go anywhere,” said Associate Vice President for Research Pamela Webb. NSF received about 2,000 proposals during the 35-day shutdown, Webb said. But it wasn’t just new proposals that froze. NSF also had to cancel 111 previously scheduled review panels. The story is similar for other federal sponsors. Soil ecology professor Jessica Gutknecht still hasn’t received funding she was expecting from the USDA on Jan. 1. “My program officers who would administer that grant are still really backlogged and are trying really hard to catch up on things,” she said. “So now I’m kind of waiting and seeing.” Her award would fund research on how sustainable agriculture techniques can improve soil quality and make crops more resistant to climate change. Gutknecht said her program officers are committed to getting her the funding before the snow melts. u See SHUTDOWN Page 4

Melissa Wilson’s job may seem crappy to some people, but the University of Minnesota “manure prof” loves the work she does. A research lab on the St. Paul campus is currently being renovated for Wilson to conduct her strong-scented, manurerelated research. The addition of the new lab, which will be completed next month, will aid Wilson in finding ways to help the agriculture industry and the environment through her work with manure. Wilson is a soil scientist specializing in manure management. She’s also an educator for farmers and agricultural professionals through University Extension. The new manure lab will also allow Wilson to do more sample work and provide additional lab experience for students working on her team.

In her research, Wilson studies using manure as a fertilizer while minimizing the environmental impact from manure nutrients contaminating water systems. Some of her research includes comparing when manure should be applied to certain crops, the consistency of the fertilizer and what animal it should come from.

“Manure is on all of our farms. It is really important we manage that correctly so we don’t jeopardize natural resources.” MIKE SCHMITT associate dean of CFANS and the University Extension

To help accommodate the strong smell of manure, the lab will have a new exhaust system, said Mike Schmitt, associate dean of CFANS and the University Extension. “It will smell in there,” Schmitt said. Schmitt was the last person to serve as a manure specialist at the University. He left the position for an administration job in the

early 2000s. The job had been vacant for almost 15 years until Wilson was hired in 2017. The University opened up the position again because there was demand from Minnesota’s agricultural community and state government for more research on manure management, said Carl Rosen, head of the University’s Department of Soil, Water and Climate. “As farmers are entering the business, they need to be educated and trained on how best to handle the manure,” Rosen said. “They rely on this University for up-to-date research and educational programs on how to manage it.” Part of Wilson’s work is to reassess current manure management recommendations from the University and see if they need to be updated. Commercial fertilizers and manure are used to provide nutrients for crops. Nutrients in these fertilizers, such as nitrogen, can go into the ground and affect the quality of groundwater, rivers and lakes. u See MANURE Page 4


MPD considers purchasing downtown surveillance cams Police say the cams fill holes in its coverage, but others have raised privacy concerns. BY MOHAMED IBRAHIM

Although it’s been over a year since Minneapolis hosted the Super Bowl, remnants of the big game might be here to stay. The Minneapolis Police Department is considering purchasing surveillance cameras Verizon installed downtown before Super Bowl LII. Seventeen of the 20 cameras – which were installed at no charge to the City – have been operational since, alongside the more than 200 existing cameras citywide. While MPD states the cameras fill holes in its coverage, some City officials have raised privacy concerns. “They’re the same cameras going into the same video management system as all of our other cameras,” said MPD Commander Scott Gerlicher in a presentation to the City Council’s Public Safety and Emergency Management Committee on Feb. 6. “There’s literally no difference to those.” Most of the extra cameras line Marquette Avenue in areas MPD defined as high-traffic and high-density, with a few located along Washington Avenue downtown. Ward 3 City Council member Steve Fletcher is concerned about the privacy of residents and stressed the importance of public input


A camera on the side of a building on Marquette Avenue in downtown Minneapolis on Friday, Feb. 15. The Minneapolis Police Department is considering purchasing 20 cameras installed downtown by Verizon for the Super Bowl last year.

before deciding to keep the cameras. “If people feel like we’re trying to get away with something because we said these are just temporary, so we never had an opportunity for public comment on them because they were just temporary and then they just stayed, that looks very suspect to

people,” Fletcher said. Fletcher said MPD’s presentation did not change his general discomfort with having too many cameras in the city. But he said it did ease some of his bigger concerns, u See CAMERAS Page 4


Ahead of regent selections process, MN lawmakers emphasize need for nonpartisanship Regent recommendations will come after a controversial selection process last year. BY ISABELLA MURRAY

Ahead of lawmakers’ regent candidate recommendations, officials have stressed the importance of keeping the process nonpartisan. At a joint meeting of the House and

Senate higher education committees Monday, legislators will recommend candidates for the University of Minnesota’s Board of Regents. Legislators, council members and regents said despite past controversies surrounding regent selection, lawmakers need to work with the Regent Candidate Advisory Council to prevent the election process from becoming political. RCAC Chair Dan Wolter said while he doesn’t think the process is partisan, lawmakers will always favor certain candidates.

“There are people that are strongly pushing certain candidates because of their backgrounds,” Wolter said. “There’s various interests that want certain candidates for very logical reasons. So that’s always surrounding the process that we have.” A special regent selection for former Regent Patricia Simmons’ seat last year led to the election of Regent Randy Simonson. During the election process, a fellowship at the Medical School for reproductive health care training that included abortion procedures, came to light at the Capitol.

Simonson took a strong position against all abortion and stem cell research at the University in a candidate interview. RCAC was not involved in the special election. Sen. Jim Abeler, R-Anoka, who voted for a different candidate, told the Minnesota Daily in 2018 this position helped Simonson gain support from Republicans. Despite political controversies in past election, Wolter said this year’s process has demonstrated a bipartisan approach. u See REGENTS Page 4






Daily Review


Partly cloudy

WEDNESDAY 26° 10° Snow

THURSDAY 26° 9° Partly cloudy

FRIDAY 26° 22° Snow

Monday, February 18, 2019 Vol. 119 No. 39

An Independent Student Newspaper, Founded in 1900. 2221 University Ave. SE, Suite 450, Minneapolis, MN 55414 Phone: (612) 627-4080 Fax: (612) 435-5865

THIS DAY IN HISTORY 1931 Toni Morrison, Nobel Prize-winning novelist, was born. She taught English and won numerous awards, including being the first African-American to win the Nobel Prize. HISTORYCHANNEL.COM/TDIH

Copyright © 2019 The Minnesota Daily. This newspaper, its design and its contents are copyrighted. OFFICE OF THE PUBLISHER Kelly Busche Editor-in-Chief (612) 435-1575 Genevieve Locke Business Operations Officer (612) 435-2761


EDITORIAL STAFF Max Chao Managing Editor Christine Ha Managing Production Editor Michelle Griffith Campus Activities Editor Madeline Deninger City Editor J.D. Duggan Campus Administration Editor Drew Cove Sports Editor Sophie Vilensky A&E Editor Ellen Schmidt Multimedia Editor Courtney Deutz Assistant Multimedia Editor Molly Tynjala Copy Desk Chief Bailey Davis Assistant Copy Desk Chief Desmond Kamas Chief Page Designer Abby Adamski Visuals Editor Morgan La Casse Visuals Editor =







Sophomore Lexy Ramler competes on the balance beam at Maturi Pavilion on Friday, Feb 15.

STATE REPORT MINNESOTA CAPITOL SEES CHANGE IN ADDRESSING OPIOID CRISIS ST. PAUL — Supporters of bills to fight opioid abuse and addiction think they have the votes at the Minnesota Legislature to pass a comprehensive response to the crisis. That, in itself, isn’t new. Back in 2018, a similar bill failed to get through the Minnesota House after easily making it through the state Senate, even though the basics of the legislation had widespread support. At the time, the measures included treatment, education and grants to local governments for expenses related to opioid addiction — provisions for which it is hard to find opponents. Yet lobbying by the pharmaceutical industry blocked passage of increased registration fees for drug makers and distributors that would have raised $20 million a year to pay for the programs. Those lobbyists argued that prescription drugs that are vital to many people in the state should not be taxed for healthrelated programs.

ALLEGED LEADER PLEADS NOT GUILTY IN MINNESOTA MOSQUE BOMBING ST. PAUL — An Illinois man has pleaded not guilty in the bombing of a mosque in Minnesota, three weeks after two of his alleged accomplices pleaded guilty. Federal prosecutors allege 47-year-old Michael Hari was the ringleader of an Illinois-based militia and that the trio drove more than 500 miles (800 kilometers) to bomb a mosque in Bloomington, Minnesota, in hopes of scaring Muslims into leaving the U.S. No one was injured in the August 2017 attack at the Dar al-Farooq Islamic Center. The attack occurred as morning prayers were about to begin. Hari entered his plea Thursday in federal court in St. Paul. His trial is scheduled to begin April 22 before U.S. District Judge Donovan Frank. The next hearing in the case is March 28. These stories were originally published by the Associated Press.

University student governments reach representative agreement The memorandum helps U student govts. choose their representatives. BY DYLAN MIETTINEN

The University of Minnesota’s student government organizations are solidifying an agreement for choosing student representatives to the Board of Regents. Each year, the University system campuses select eight students to represent their respective student bodies and publish a report each March outlining the interests of their schools. This includes four students from the Twin Cities and four from other University campuses. The four students from the Twin Cities campus are typically comprised of two Minnesota Student Association representatives and at least one representative from both

the Council of Graduate Students and Professional Student Government. Due to lack of clarity regarding the selection process last year, MSA received three representatives and PSG received one, leaving graduate students without a representative. The agreement, a memorandum of understanding, aims to reduce this confusion and support more equitable representation. Sean Smallwood, the student governance advisor for the University’s Office of Student Affairs, helped facilitate the creation of the memorandum. “Each body makes at least two recommendations of folks that they would want to be considered as part of the interview process,” Smallwood said during a Feb. 5 COGS meeting. “That group of students is then sent of to a joint committee, which is comprised of about seven people ... to kind of be a checks and

balances for conflicts of interests and biases.” The memorandum acts as a compromise between the wants of each student organization. “COGS wanted to have their general assembly involved in order to preserve the democratic nature of selecting their representatives,” said President of PSG Alanna Pawlowski. “We basically wanted to provide for a process that would address the concerns of each student government and also adequately address the collaborative nature of the student representatives.” Harrison Frisk, vice president of COGS, said he’s thankful that there will be “more well-established, less confusing” measures to select representatives that play to the strengths of each student government association. “I think we each have our own strengths as organizations,” Frisk said.

“Grad students typically are really research-based and really good about digging into policy details and things like that. PSG has proven itself time and time again to be full of fantastic lawyers who can workshop language better than when COGS does it independently. And MSA has just such a huge student body and really fantastic, talented leaders and ... more of a connection to the campus culture.” Ac c o r d i n g t o M S A President Simran Mishra, the memorandum has been adopted by the bodies of each student government and collected all the necessary signatures from student group leaders. Now, it is just the implementation process. “Our executive board is really excited to see the streamlined change because the representatives to the Board of Regents play such a crucial role in our advocacy,” Mishra said.

President ready to issue first veto BY ASSOCIATED PRESS

WEST PALM BEACH, Fla. — President Donald Trump is prepared to issue the first veto of his term if Congress votes to disapprove his declaration of a national emergency along the U.S.Mexico border, a top White House adviser said on Sunday. White House senior adviser Stephen Miller told “Fox News Sunday” that “the president is going to protect his national emergency declaration.” Asked if that meant Trump was ready to veto a resolution of disapproval, Miller added, “He’s going to protect his national emergency declaration, guaranteed.” The West Wing is digging in for fights on multiple fronts as the president’s effort to go around Congress to fund his long-promised border wall faces bipartisan criticism and multiple legal

challenges. After lawmakers in both parties blocked his requests for billions of dollars to fulfill his signature campaign pledge, Trump’s declared national emergency Friday shifts billions of federal dollars earmarked for military construction to the border. California Attorney General Xavier Becerra told ABC’s “This Week” that his state would sue “imminently” to block the order, after the American Civil Liberties Union and the nonprofit watchdog group Public Citizen announced Friday they were taking legal action. Democrats are planning to introduce a resolution disapproving of the declaration once Congress returns to session and it is likely to pass both chambers. Several Republican senators are already indicating they would vote against Trump — though there do not yet appear to be

enough votes to override a veto by the president. The White House’s Miller insisted that Congress granted the president wide berth under the National Emergencies Act to take action. But Trump’s declaration goes beyond previous emergencies in shifting money after Congress blocked his funding request for the wall, which will likely factor in legal challenges. Trump aides acknowledge that Trump cannot meet his pledge to build the wall by the time voters decide whether to grant him another term next year, but insist his base will remain by his side as long as he is not perceived to have given up the fight on the barrier. Sen. Chris Coons, D-Del., told CBS’s “Face the Nation” that he believes Congress needs to act to “defend” its powers of the purse. “I do think that we should

not set the terrible precedent of letting a president declare a national emergency simply as a way of getting around the congressional appropriations process,” he said. Rep. Will Hurd, R-Texas, a critic of Trump’s border policies, said he would support legislation to review Trump’s emergency declaration, saying, “It sets a dangerous precedent.” “My concern is our government wasn’t designed to operate by national emergency,” he told CBS. Trump ally Rep. Jim Jordan, R-Ohio, told ABC that he believes there are enough GOP votes to prevent the supermajorities required to override a veto. “I think there are plenty of votes in the House to make sure that there’s no override of the president’s veto,” he said. “So it’s going to be settled in court, we’ll have to wait and see.”

EDITORIAL BOARD Ellen Schneider Editorials & Opinions Editor Ariana Wilson Editorial Board Member Hailey Almstead Editorial Board Member Kelly Busche Editor-in-Chief BUSINESS Kyle Stumpf Sales Manager David Keane Controller =

The Minnesota Daily strives for complete accuracy and corrects its errors immediately. Corrections and clarifications will always be printed in this space. If you believe the Daily has printed a factual error, please call the readers’ representative at (612) 627–4070, extension 3057, or email immediately. Correction: A previous version of the article “UMN professor appears in court after Dec. arrest” misstated that the women had pressed charges. The state of Minnesota is pressing charges. THE MINNESOTA DAILY is a legally independent nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization and is a student-written and student-managed newspaper for the University of Minnesota’s Twin Cities campus. The Daily’s mission is: 1) to provide coverage of news and events affecting the University community; 2) to provide a forum for the communication and exchange of ideas for the University community; 3) to provide educational training and experience to University students in all areas of newspaper operations; and 4) to operate a fiscally responsible organization to ensure its ability to serve the University in the future. The Daily is a member of the Minnesota News Council, the Minnesota Associated Press, the Associated Collegiate Press, The Minnesota Newspaper Association and other organizations. The Daily is published Monday and Thursday during the regular school year and weekly during the summer, and it is printed by ECM Publishers in Princeton, Minn. Midwest News Service distributes the 10,000 issues biweekly. All Minnesota Daily inserts are recyclable within the University of Minnesota program and are at least 6 percent consumer waste. U.S. Postal Service: 351–480.

Monday, February 18, 2019


Bánh Appétit set to open in Dinkytown Formerly known as Bun Mi Sandwiches, the new location will open in the spring. BY MIGUEL OCTAVIO

A co-founder of Bun Mi Sandwiches, a campus staple, has plans to reopen the eatery in Dinkytown after the former location in Stadium Village shut down two years ago. Re-branded as Bánh Appétit, owner and original co-founder Sherman Ho said the new restaurant’s menu will be similar to the old location. The new restaurant

will open at 511 4th St. SE. Ho said he is still working with the City of Minneapolis for approvals, but aims to finish construction by mid-April. Ho said he hopes the restaurant’s nostalgia factor will bring back memories for alumni and past customers. In addition to banh mi sandwiches, Ho said the restaurant will specialize on a new mystery item. “We do have a new item that I’m going to put up, but it’s still under wraps,” Ho said. “We’re looking to perfect it. We’re hoping that it’ll be kind of a new hit.” The banh mi sandw ich’s porta bil ity and

unique flavor combination of Korean-inspired beef, Filipino-inspired pork and Thai-inspired chicken add to its appeal, Ho said. Bun Mi Sandwiches closed in August 2016 to pave way for construction of The Hub Apartments in Stadium Village. Other campus staples on the 600 block of Washington Avenue Southeast like Big 10 Restaurant and Bar, Village Wok and Espresso Exposé also shut down. The area is excited to see new businesses opening, said Kent Kramp, president of the Dinkytown Business Alliance and owner of Raising Cane’sin

Dinkytown. “Anybody that’s willing to open up a business within our district, we’re gonna be happy for them,” Kramp said. “We’re going to do everything we can to support all the surrounding businesses.” Ho said he is not concerned by saturation of Asian restaurants in Dinkytown due to the range of options Bánh Appétit will offer. “It’s a different type of sandwich shop as opposed to [what] a regular type of Vietnamese sandwich shop would offer. [We have] a different variety that we’re able to do,” Ho said.

University of Minnesota 2015 alumnus Tom Johnson said he frequented Bun Mi Sandwiches, calling it the best restaurant in Minneapolis. “The real star of Bun Mi [Sandwiches] is their spicy mayo and fries,” Johnson said. “There’s just something about their fries that was absolutely perfect.” Johnson said he is glad to see new housing developments like The Hub on campus, but is still sad to watch classic venues leave as a result. “I try not to get too sentimental. I am glad they are bringing back some of these favorites though,” Johnson

“The real star of Bun Mi [sandwiches] is their spicy mayo and fries, there’s just something about their fries that was absolutely perfect.” TOM JOHNSON UMN alumnus

said. “I think overall [the campus area is] getting better.” Tom Johnson is a former Minnesota Daily employee.

UMN, Hennepin County studying opioid addiction Study hopes to help those who deal with opioid addiction in the prison system. BY GWIWON JASON NAM

Researchers from the University of Minnesota and Hennepin County hope to use a recent study regarding opioid-related deaths after incarceration to address the opioid epidemic. About one-third of opioid-related deaths in Hennepin County occurred within one year of inmates leaving jail, according to a report released by the county last month. Now, public health care officials and University researchers hope to offer care to incarcerated individuals with opioid use disorder based on the report’s recommendations. “Our workgroup made recommendations to begin treating people with opioid use disorders in county correctional facilities,” said Tyler Winkelman, an author of the report, clinician-investigator with Hennepin Healthcare and assistant professor of medicine at the University. The treatment would include providing medications to incarcerated individuals with opioid use disorder and connecting them to community providers upon release. Opioid-related deaths in Hennepin County and across Minnesota are much higher than they were 10 years ago, Winkelman said. But he believes treatment of opioid use disorders in correctional facilities can save lives and money. Hennepin County also hopes to strengthen substance use disorder


screenings during jail intake processes by applying for federal grants. The state of Rhode Island implemented medication-assisted treatment and saw a 61-percent decrease in death after incarceration between the first half of 2016 and the same period the following year. “I think for health professionals and public safety professionals, it is the right thing to do to give individuals the best standard of

care that they can provide for any given illness,” said Julie Bauch, opioid prevention coordinator for Hennepin County. Treatment for opioid use disorder in Minnesota is rarely available during incarceration or immediately after release, according to the research. “I think ... very soon this will not be so rare because I predicted that more counties and their administrations will sit down and start

looking at the budget and thinking about how to implement,” Bauch said. The team is currently applying for funding to understand how best to transition individuals with opioid use disorders back to treatment in the community. Jeremy Kobany, a thirdyear pharmacy student and opioid disposal advocate for Boynton Health, said providing prescribed medications to recently released individuals with opioid use

disorder could improve their outcomes. “Somebody is looking for opioids after they got released and they aren’t able to get help from a doctor ... they turn to the streets, and that’s where things get extremely dangerous,” Kobany said. “Because those street drugs are not controlled, they don’t have the same kind of quantity, specifics or ingredient purity, … which is when it can be really dangerous.”

The rareness of treatment for opioid use disorder during incarceration and immediately after release is not only a problem for Minnesota, Bauch said. “Minnesota has seen the uptick [in deaths] more recently. We are in, I think, what’s considered the normal response time to a new epidemic,” Bauch said. “I would say as a national trend, this is not implemented widely yet.”

Severe weather contributed to the recent uptick in falls and injuries Icy walkways from recent snowstorms have added to the increase in injuries. BY NIAMH COOMEY

Despite the University of Minnesota encouraging people on campus to “walk like penguins” to avoid falling, many students and faculty members have suffered injuries from slipping on campus sidewalks due to recent severe weather conditions. While most students didn’t sustain much more than bruises from their falls, others experienced more serious injuries. Staff at both Boynton Health and Hennepin Healthcare said they have seen more slip and fall injuries this winter than in recent years. Ac c o r d i n g t o H o l l y Ziemer, Boynton’s marketing and communications director, Boynton provided 80 X-rays between Feb. 4 and Feb. 8. This number is twice what they typically see in a week, Ziemer said in an emailed statement. Boynton also saw significant injury numbers continue into this past week, with 57 fractures, 15 lacerations and 16 concussions between Feb. 4 and Feb. 15. Though these were not all necessarily weather-related, Ziemer wrote, clinicians say these numbers are higher

than normal. Jill Wooldridge, Boynton’s assistant medical director of primary c a r e , a g r e e d t h e s e i njury numbers are out of the ordinary. “Those two days last week … I think it was at least six fractures just in urgent care and that’s unusual. We see a lot of ankle sprains and a lot of hand [or] wrist injuries, but for them to have that many fractures is unusual,” she said. Hennepin Healthcare saw similar numbers, according to Christine Hill, Hennepin Healthcare’s senior media relations specialist. In an emailed statement, Hill said there were over 100 injuries in the emergency room due to falls on ice on Feb. 4 alone. The University’s Facilities Management has been working to keep campus safe for students during the severe weather conditions. In situations like ice storms and severe weather, overtime workers are out early in the morning clearing sidewalks said Assistant Director for Landcare Tom Ritzer. A big struggle with the recent severe weather, he said, has been keeping sidewalks clear when rain washes away the chemicals used to reduce the ice. “It’s really a challenge to get out there before the people show up for work or


for school and try to give the chemicals time to work. And then you combine that with the really cold temperatures we’ve been having lately, ... [and] the chemicals [are] being less effective,” Ritzer said. “[Ice events] are

definitely a challenge to work with.” It’s also an ongoing challenge to balance student safety and environmental concerns with some of the methods used to clear the sidewalks, he added.

“We’re experimenting with different products to try to have more effective melting as well as trying to have lesser environmental impacts,” he said. “We have to balance [safety] with the limited resources … and

with the potential environmental degradation,” Ritzer said. To avoid falling in the future, Wooldridge advises, pay attention to where you are walking and use the tunnels when possible.


Monday, February 18, 2019


Melissa Wilson takes a sample of snow on Friday, Feb. 8 in Falcon Heights, Minnesota.

Manure u from Page 1

“Nutrient management is becoming more and more important because of the way it can affect our water supplies,” Rosen said. One of the keys to reducing the environmental impact from fertilizers

Shutdown u from Page 1

“It’s been a headache, but I don’t think it’s going to kill the project,” she said. “If I was in a position where I would’ve needed to hire people and get them ready and trained before that field season, I’d be in much worse shape than I am now.” Rao isn’t so lucky. Her proposal would fund a joint project with the

like manure is to not use more fertilizer than crops can absorb. Extra fertilizer can seep into the ground, Schmitt said. Because of this, Wilson studies how much manure crops can take in. “Manure is on all of our farms. It is really important we manage that correctly so we don’t jeopardize natural

resources,” Schmitt said. Growing awareness on social media On Twitter, Wilson uses the handle @ManureProf. She’s turned to social media to communicate with farmers and agricultural professionals around Minnesota, while having a crap-load of fun. “When you talk with

people about working with manure stuff, the jokes automatically start coming up,” Wilson said. “I learned early on you need to have a sense of humor if you are going to be in this field.” Wilson has found that Twitter is a good way to get the word out about work she is doing, tweeting information for farmers, with

mixing a healthy dose of humor. “He’s dealing with a lot of crap right now” was a joke she made about her postdoctoral student’s work. “She is having fun with it while advancing public awareness and knowledge about the issue of manure,” Schmitt said. Earlier this month, Wilson and her lab braved

zero-degree temperatures to lay manure in agricultural plots on the St. Paul campus. Wilson is researching what happens when manure is applied on top of snow. When the snow melts, Wilson wants to see what will happen to the manure. “The work is stinky at times, but someone has got to do it,” Wilson said.

Department of Plant Pathology that would train students for careers in plant pathology and entomology. It’s a new program they’ve never tried before, she said. But it’s going to be more difficult to pull off the longer they have to wait to get the signal they have funding. “We’re going to be needing to recruit pretty quickly because students are going to start making plans for the summer,” she said. “If you want to recruit the best,

it would have been nice to have heard in December or January.” Webb said the University has started getting awards again from previously furloughed agencies. She said the government is “100 percent caught up” in its reimbursement payments for the over $10 million in research costs the University paid during the shutdown. But there were some costs the University couldn’t cover.

Sean Ehlman found himself “in the thick of it” during the shutdown, and not because he was in the jungle at the time. He’s an NSF postdoctoral fellow working in the College of Biological Sciences. His funding comes from the federal government and doesn’t go through the University before he gets it. That means when the government shut down, he missed a $4,500 stipend payment. “At the time, I was in

Trinidad. I was having to deal with talking to my landlord and having to reshuffle bills and having to take on credit card debt. That was stressful,” he said. The University couldn’t pay Ehlman or the other NSF fellows during the shutdown because it would have violated the terms of their fellowship. Going forward, the Office of the Vice President for Research and individual colleges will offer loans to

federally funded postdoctoral researchers in future shutdowns. “We can’t have our postdocs not getting paid and we can’t jeopardize their employment by violating the contract they’re under,” said Greg Cuomo, associate dean for research for the College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences. “We learned a lesson and said ‘okay, we have to be prepared if this happens again.’”

Cameras u from Page 1

specifically whether the cameras use facial recognition software – which they do not. “That was one of the things that constituents have been concerned about,” Fletcher said. “Are they identifying people in a way that might generate a list or a database of who’s walking where in the city that could be searchable? That really violates their privacy a lot more.” While some residents have concerns, others believe the benefits outweigh the concerns about privacy, said attorney and Downtown Minneapolis Neighborhood Association board chair Joe Tamburino. Minneapolis should follow the example of major cities that have adapted large-scale use of surveillance cameras, he said. “When you have the eye in the sky looking down on areas [where] there’s criminal activity, it makes it a safer city, and we’re behind the times in it,” Tamburino said. “You go to New York, there’s cameras everywhere.” MPD has not yet made the decision to accept or decline Verizon’s offer, which would allow the department to purchase the cameras at a reduced rate. Gerlicher said if MPD decides to buy the cameras, they’ll come to the City Council with a request and proceed from there.

Regents u from Page 1

Wolter said legislators were more involved with RCAC’s recent recommendations than in past years. Higher education committee chairs Sen. Paul Anderson, R-Plymouth, and Rep. Connie Bernardy, DFL-New Brighton, were both recently appointed to RCAC.

A camera underneath the skyway on the Nicollet Mall is pictured in downtown Minneapolis on Friday, Feb. 15.

“They were very, very engaged and involved in the process this year, and I think they understand the level of work,” Wolter said. “There’s enough that goes into the process that I think it’s difficult to just throw it all on committee staff in the legislature.” Rep. Lyndon Carlson, DFL-Minneapolis, was one of the chief authors of legislation establishing RCAC in 1988. He said the council was

intended to take politics out of the selection process. “Eight seats come out of congressional districts,” Carlson said. “But the U plays such an important role in the state. You don’t just deal with your congressional district, you deal with the whole state.” But Regent Darrin Rosha said the process is still political for candidates. Rosha said he’s spoken to qualified people

who are interested in becoming a regent but are deterred by the politics of the process. “The fact that this is a multi-tiered process and they don’t know what the politics of the council are … they’re not interested in going through that gauntlet,” Rosha said. “I’ve had people tell me that outright.” Abeler said the only political issue he foresees this election is whether or not the

joint committee recommends Regent Abdul Omari for an at-large seat. Despite his tenure on the board, the current student regent was not recommended by RCAC this cycle. “If he makes it, it will be a setback for RCAC, but if he makes it, it will be because a lot of people decided they wanted something represented that they think should be part of the regents,” Abeler said.


“[Legislators] were very very engaged ... in the process this year, and I think they understand the level of work.” DAN WOLTER RCAC chair






Polar vortex warriors: the Van Cleve hockey players


LEFT: Austin Rush works to keep the puck away from his friends at the Van Cleve Park ice rinks on Wednesday, Feb. 13. UPPER RIGHT: Austin Rush, Billy Landshof, Josh Czopek and Dylan Christy pose for a portrait at the Van Cleve Park ice rinks. LOWER RIGHT: Dylan Christy skates with the puck at the Van Cleve Park ice rinks on Wednesday, Feb. 13.

You always see them going to and from class, but who are these Norsemen? BY SAMIR FERDOWSI

Snow and ice usually shut everyone inside. But for one brave University of Minnesota subculture, it brings a call to the wild. As soon as Como’s Van Cleve Park rink opens for the season (usually in early December) dozens of students and nearby residents skate over to play pick-up

pond hockey. Sporting jerseys from their home states, those who may seem like a bunch of puck-crazed hooligans are actually curating a one-of-akind culture. “I didn’t grow up in Minnesota, so getting the ‘pond experience’ is not something I had as kid,” said psychology junior and frequent rinkgoer Austin Rush. “It really beats playing indoors; you just feel like a kid.” Slipping by the rinks on any given day, you can usually peep a few Blackhawks jerseys, some Kings garb, Red Wings parapherna-

lia and of course Wild and Gophers sweaters. This all-teams-welcome neutral zone makes for a meeting place to bond over sweet dangles and dirty lettuce. The Van Cleve rinks have been bolstering student culture at the University for decades. As long as most residents can remember, the ponds have been a wintery staple of the student neighborhood. “They’ve been here as long as I know, and a little longer after that,” said park manager Jordan Nelson. “They’re part of the neighborhood’s history.”

The rinks give all skaters a reason to celebrate once the flakes start to fly. In fact, it’s hard to wait for them. “Everyone on the rinks here are around the same age so it’s great — hockey fans and non-hockey fans,” said junior supply chain management major Alex Landshof. “As soon as it snows we’re looking out our window to see when they’ll come and clear the ice off.” With rinks at 24 parks city-wide, all Minneapolis rinks are Minnesotan, but only Van Cleve is studentcentric. From the free apple

cider and hot chocolate to intramural broomballfriendly layouts, the Como rinks are for the Gophers. “When I came to campus these were one of the first things I saw and that’s how I knew I wanted to go here,” Landshof said. That’s the kind of Paul Bunyan spirit that makes -20 degrees feel like nothing. The rinks recently hosted a student-focused tournament. The first “Dinkytown Winter Classic” brought Gophers from all walks of life together to celebrate Minnesota and the icy culture we sharpen every winter.

“Players are always willing to put together games with strangers, no questions asked,” said tournament cofounder and Carlson graduate Kyle Samera. “It doesn’t matter the skill, the players out there always find a way to even out the teams and have fun.” With ten teams in the tourney, Samera and his team created an experience you can only find at a school like the University of Minnesota. Playing pond hockey with the gold and purple skyline as your backdrop — uff da. It doesn’t get more North Star than that.


Local comedy group is no fool’s errand Fool’s Errand hopes to inspire students to enjoy the local comedy scene. BY BECCA MOST

The Purple Onion Cafe was buzzing Friday night as students squeezed into the back corner of the restaurant, craning their necks for a glimpse of the makeshift stage. Over the course of the night, Fool’s Errand took their comedy variety show audience on a ride, their skit settings venturing from a house party run by demon worshippers to the platform of a green line train and the stage of an elementary school spelling bee. With Friday’s show featuring local comedians like Devohn Bland and Arman Shah, half of a barbershop quartet and a six-piece tuba group affectionately called “Faceplant and the Toot Toot Boys,” Fool’s Errand is determined to make a name for themselves. “Fool’s Errand combines all of the things I personally love about the comedy groups around [campus] and has kind of created its own identity with that,”

said sophomore Meredith Oechler, one of the group’s founding members. “I think sketch [comedy] is the most unique part. You can do improv anywhere, you can do stand-up on your own time, but there’s not a lot of opportunities to perform written work for such a great audience and be able to express your ideas in that way.” Created last September by sophomore Henry Kueppers, Fool’s Errand came out of a desire to try something different. “I thought it would be really cool to do a variety show,” Kueppers said. “No one here at the [University] does sketch comedy, and I was thinking that we should start a sketch group. It could be really cool and creative and something new.” Most of the group met last year through their involvement in various comedy clubs around campus. Founding Fool’s Errand has brought the group even closer together. “When you are the type of person who seeks out performance or seeks out doing comedy, there’s a bit of vulnerability in that,” said sophomore Fool’s Errand member Omena Giles. “You have to have a lot of confidence

and you have to have a lot of energy. Since we are those kind of people who feed off of doing this and making jokes ... I think that makes a really strong bond.” Through improv the group members have learned about each others’ comedic styles. According to Oechler, this has fostered trust in the group. “I think improv really bonds people,” she said. “It takes a lot of faith in somebody to go out on stage and do something completely stupid and trust that that person goes along with it and [doesn’t] make you look like a fool. No pun intended.” Alex Church, a sophomore and another member of the group, said it can be difficult for new comedians to get their foot in the door. Although Fool’s Errand is a closed group, he said they strive to feature people who haven’t had opportunities to do stand-up or practice performing in front of a live audience. “When we created the show, I always had the intention of it being a show that anyone can go to,” Kueppers said. “We don’t do anything political. Even the most remote thing that someone would find offensive, we’ll just cut it.


It’s just not worth it.” The comedy group’s popularity has surprised most of the members; their biweekly Friday shows consistently draw more than

60 people. “It’s been nuts. It’s been truthfully, truthfully insane,” Kueppers said. “[At our first show] it was so crowded we had people

standing on top of tables in the back. And it blew our minds. We do our best to put on a good show and people appreciate it and come back for it I guess.”







UMN bests Purdue for fifth straight win All of the Gophers’ starters recorded double-digit points in Sunday’s victory.



The Gophers visited Purdue’s Mackey Arena for an important road game against the Boilermakers (16-10) on Thursday. It was a unique matchup. Both Purdue head coach Sharon Versyp and Minnesota head coach Lindsay Whalen are the coaches of teams they once made their names playing on. Although Versyp and Whalen weren’t able to help their teams on the court, Minnesota got the best of Purdue with a commanding 65-45 victory. A relatively quiet first quarter saw Purdue start the game with a 15-14 lead. Ball control was a glaring issue for Whalen’s squad throughout the game. By halftime, the team already had 10 turnovers. However, a four-minute scoring drought from Purdue kept the Gophers in the game. The score was 27-24 in favor of Minnesota at the half. Two minutes into the third quarter, the teams drew even at 30 points apiece. Then, Minnesota went on a 15-13 run to end the third with a 45-43 advantage.



Penn State Minnesota

17 17 15 18 28 31 19 19



4 FINAL 67 97


Kenisha Bell reacts to a call during the game against Purdue on Thursday, Jan. 24.

Senior Kenisha Bell led all scorers with 15 points at that point, while sophomore Destiny Pitts added another 13. But with 10 minutes to go, it was anyone’s ballgame. “We were really locked in going into the fourth quarter. We understood that

we only had ten minutes left in the game and whatever we were going to do, we had to make a run then,” said junior Jasmine Brunson. That changed quickly when the Gophers kicked off the last quarter with a 5-0 run. At the midway mark

of the quarter, Minnesota was enjoying a 10-point lead — its largest of the game. The lead only grew. Over the last ten minutes, Purdue went 0-11 on field goals and committed eight turnovers. In that same time frame, the Gophers scored 20 points.


With the victory, the Gophers move to 1-1 against Purdue this season due to loss to the Boilermakers on Jan. 24. Kenisha Bell finished the game with 17 points while Pitts scored 27 points on 10-12 shooting, including 23 points in the

second half. Brunson was impressed by Pitts’ play after the game. “Destiny Pitts had a really good game. She really stepped up there in the second half when we needed some points,” Brunson said. “She made some really clutch baskets, she was in her zone.” Pitts seemed content to grab a Big Ten win on the road. “[In] the first half, they were trying to really limit my touches and [the] looks I got. I knew [in] the second half, in order for us to win, I had to get some good looks, and I knew my teammates were going to find me. It just took a little patience,” Pitts told the Big Ten Network. “We didn’t start Big Ten the way we wanted to, but they say it’s not how you start, it’s how you finish, and I think we’ve put ourselves in a really good position to be successful down the stretch in the Big Ten.” The team returns to Williams Arena for a game versus Penn State (10-13) on Sunday at 1:00 p.m.


Gophers get back to winning ways with 84-63 rout of Indiana Murphy, Kalscheur led Minnesota to a 21-point victory in a postseason push. BY NICK JUNGHEIM

On Saturday, Minnesota once again had the opportunity to snap its losing streak against another struggling Big Ten opponent. Indiana came into Williams Arena having lost nine of their last 10 games, while the Gophers dropped their last four contests. In a pivotal game between two NCAA Tournament hopefuls, it was Minnesota (17-9, 7-8 Big Ten) who reversed the trend, dominating Indiana (13-12, 4-10 Big Ten) 84-63. The 21-point margin was the Gophers’ largest in a Big Ten game this season. “We played well, obviously, [from] start to finish,” head coach Richard Pitino said. “I thought we

responded extremely well from a devastating loss at Nebraska. We didn’t feel sorry for ourselves, we didn’t whine, we didn’t complain, we just moved on.” Much like the game on Wednesday against Nebraska, Minnesota started fast and built a doubledigit lead in the first half. Despite struggling with outside shooting all season, the Gophers knocked down their first four 3-point attempts and seven of their first nine field goals overall. “I was really upset after that game,” Pitino said of the Nebraska loss. “There’s only one thing you can do ... play angry. We have to create our own luck. I thought tonight we did that.” The hot start didn’t last. Minnesota continued to struggle with consistency offensively, and during a stretch midway through the half, the Gophers went six minutes without a field goal. However, thanks to a combination of getting to


Freshman Gabe Kalscheur dribbles past Indiana University players on Saturday, Feb. 16 at Williams Arena. The Gophers won 84-63.

the free-throw line and good defense, they were able to maintain their lead and held a 12-point advantage at halftime. Senior Jordan Murphy wasted no time in making his presence felt. His teammates fed him in the low-post early and often, allowing him to finish strong at the rim and get to the

foul line. Murphy totaled 17 points in the first half, shooting 5-8 from the field and 7-11 on free throws in the period. “It was amazing what he did,” Pitino said. “He’s an understated kid, so he probably doesn’t get the respect he deserves. Great will, great heart, great durability. He’s been really reliable.”

Within the first eight minutes of the second half, the Gophers doubled their lead to 24. They continued to connect on shots from beyond the arc. Despite entering the game as the worst 3-point shooting team in the Big Ten, Minnesota connected on 12 of its 22 attempts from beyond the arc on Saturday. With the outside shots pouring in, the result was not in question down the stretch. “It opens up a lot,” freshman Gabe Kalscheur said of the 3-point shooting. “Especially for [freshman Daniel Oturu], [Murphy] and [redshirt sophomore Eric Curry] in the post. When [defenders] come out at us, we can get it back into the post.” Murphy led the team in scoring with 23 points. Making half of Minnesota’s 3-pointers, Kalscheur totaled 20 points. Junior Amir Coffey made three 3-pointers en route to 18 points, and six of senior Dupree

McBrayer’s 10 points came on 3-point shots. Oturu also got in on the fun, knocking down the first 3-point attempt of his college career as the shot clock expired with 16:11 in the first half. This gave the Gophers a lead they would not relinquish. Oturu finished with seven points before fouling out with 9:12 left. “There were three seconds [on the shot clock], it went in,” Oturu said of his 3-pointer, adding a smile and a fist-pump. Minnesota will have the opportunity to knock off a ranked opponent on Thursday when it hosts No. 6 Michigan. The Wolverines defeated the Gophers 59-57 on a buzzerbeater Jan. 22 in Ann Arbor. “We don’t believe in moral victories,” Oturu said. “We realized we’re good enough to play with anybody in this league, we just have to figure out how to close out those kinds of games.”


Minnesota sweeps No. 2 Ohio State on the road The Gophers earned six points in a tight Big Ten race to the end of the season.

regular season. Minnesota tallied 16 shots in the game, including a combined six shots in the second and third periods. “There was a whole lot of good coming out of this weekend,” Gophers head coach Bob Motzko told reporters after the game. “We’ve had a roller coaster [of] ups and downs ... but they fought it off.”


The Gophers had a weekend of redemption against one of the best teams in the country after getting swept in the previous series at Penn State. Minnesota beat No. 2 Ohio State by a score of 4-3 in each game Friday and Saturday in Columbus, Ohio. The sweep gave them six conference points, and put them back at the No. 2 spot in the Big Ten conference. “It felt good, I think the team really bought in. I think we listened to coaches’ pregame plan and stuck to it all game, and won our shifts and stayed as a unit,” said Gophers defenseman Tyler Nanne. On the back of Mat Robson, who posted 43 saves on Saturday, the Gophers (13-14-4, 10-9-3 Big Ten) hung on in a close game and beat the Buckeyes. Scott Reedy, Nathan Burke and

Friday’s success


Freshman Nathan Burke skates back to the bench after scoring his first goal of the season at Mariucci Arena on Saturday, Nov. 17, 2018.

Brent Gates Jr. gave the Gophers a 3-0 lead going into the second period, but the Buckeyes pushed back and scored two goals later in the period to make it 3-2. Then, Gophers forward Tyler Sheehy scored what proved to be the

game-deciding goal in the middle of the third period as the Buckeyes made an offensive comeback with a barrage of shots. Ohio State’s Ronnie Hein scored with 10:02 left in the third to make it 4-3, but Sheehy’s goal proved enough for

the victory. Nanne took a penalty with 2:19 left in regulation, and Ohio State (19-7-4, 12-5-3 Big Ten) pulled its goalie but the Gophers hung on during the 6-on-4 disadvantage and swept Ohio State in the last Big Ten away series of the

Minnesota won on Friday when Eric Schierhorn was in net. The Gophers got off to a 2-0 lead with goals from Jack Sadek and Burke, then Ohio State scored with 16 seconds left in the second period to make it 2-1. In the third period, Ryan Zuhlsdorf scored his first goal of the season and Reedy scored again to make it 4-2. Ohio State tallied a goal with 3:35 left to play but couldn’t get another. The Minnesota victory ended the Buckeyes’ sevengame winning streak. The six conference points will be critical for seeding of the Big Ten Tournament. Seeds two, three and four will host seeds five, six, and seven in the first round


FRIDAY Ohio State Minnesota

SATURDAY Ohio State Minnesota

1 0 1

2 1 1

3 2 2


1 0 2

2 2 1

3 1 1



while the first seed gets a bye-week until the next round. “We were all on the same page, and we decided to play with a system that we hadn’t really played before, but we all bought in because we knew they were a good team. So we knew we had to play disciplined hockey,” said Minnesota senior forward Darian Romanko. Minnesota will play Notre Dame next weekend at 3M Arena at Mariucci in the team’s final series of regular season Big Ten play. Many of the other teams in the Big Ten have four conference games remaining, contrary to the Gophers’ two. Minnesota’s last regular season series of the year will be against Arizona State at home on March 1 and 2.


Monday, February 18, 2019

UMN researchers find new way to fight tumors Immune cells could be repurposed to aid cancer treatment, say researchers. BY KATIE SALAI

G ro u n d b r e a k i n g r e search at the University of Minnesota found a novel approach to tumor therapy that could be pivotal in future cancer treatments. The University’s Center for Immunology discovered that virus-specific T cells, which are responsible for protecting the body against infections, are also found in tumors, according to a study released Feb. 4. The team plans to repurpose

these T cells to fight tumors and eventually combine their research with existing treatments. “This was ... a sort of revolutionary change in how people treat cancer, in terms of using a person’s own immune system to attack tumors,” said CFI researcher David Masopust. “Putting those T cells to work for you, they’re wonderful killing machines, but they are just sitting there doing nothing. We found a way to turn them on against the tumor.” Existing immune system tumor treatments were critical in the study, Masopust said. His team discovered that the immune system organizes

T cells within tumors, which goes against what was previously thought. “People kind of just assumed all your immune cells in your tumor, most of them are involved in the tumor somehow or are tumor-specific,” said Pamela Rosato, a postdoctoral researcher in CFI. “We found, and other groups found, that there are these virusspecific T cells in human tumors, which I think is a big innovative step.” The recent discovery found that virus-specific T cells can be used to locally attack different tumors throughout the body — repurposing them for tumor therapy and providing firm footing for their intended

goal of human clinical trials. “When we ... got our first human patient sample, I did think we were on the right track and I did think we would see virus-specific T cells,” Rosato said. “But the magnitude at which we saw them was very surprising, it was kind of a jumping up and down moment ... that was kind of an exciting outbreak.” In the future, the researchers hope to work with experts in related fields to apply the study’s findings and have already been collaborating with specialists in brain and ovarian cancer. “There have been clinical partners that helped

with the study … they helped drive the experiment from models into the human data, so that’s been very helpful and made the data that much more relevant,” said Vaiva Vezys, a researcher in CFI. Masopust said this project is part of a larger central theme of how the immune system surveys the body and how it handles protection. “The nice thing about that theme is that it sort of crosses into diseases of inflammation, autoimmune [diseases], allergies, infectious diseases, vaccines,” Masopust said. “So even though we’re a very focused lab, the implications are broad.”

“The magnitude at which we saw them was very surprising, it was kind of a jumping up and down moment ... that was kind of an exciting outbreak.” PAMELA ROSATO postdoctoral researcher in the University’s Center for Immunology

Kaler discusses tuition increase, building names, and the presidential transition


President Eric Kaler answers questions for the Minnesota Daily in his Morrill Hall office on Thursday, Feb. 14.

The University president said the increase is to match other Big Ten rates. BY AUSTEN MACALUS

The Minnesota Daily sat down with University of Minnesota President Eric Kaler last week to talk about the University’s tuition hike for non-resident, non-reciprocity students, the issue of controversial building names on campus and Kaler’s goals during his last semester as president. The University is asking for $87 million for the next two years [in the 2019 legislative session]. Do you expect that the state is going to meet that request? We are always optimistic at this stage of the session. We are having good conversations and we hope those conversations will lead to a good outcome. But it’s a little too early to know what will lay out. The governor will lay out his budget request I think next Tuesday, … so we will know more when the governor puts out his numbers. But like I said, we are having good conversations, so we feel optimistic that we will be in the neighborhood of our request. But ask me again at the end of May. Yo u s a i d a t t h e Capitol last month and

reiterated at the Board [of Regents] meeting last week that, even if the legislative request gets fully funded, we could see another tuition increase for in-state students. What are your thoughts on another possible tuition increase for Minnesota students? We’ve outlined a budget need for the biennium and we’re asking the state to help us with that, but we’re not asking the state to do all of the work. So we are envisioning proposing an inflation roughly 2 to 2.5 percent tuition increase. We think that’s an appropriate increase to share with the state in the costs of running the University for the next two years. We did not ask for a state allocation that would enable us to freeze tuition. We’ve tried that strategy in the past with quite mixed results, and it was clear from legislative conversations that the idea of linking a freeze directly to appropriations has not been always well-received. So we’re not using that strategy this year. The University recently raised tuition for nonreciprocity, nonresident students — 10 percent for incoming students, 5.5 percent for students who are already here. Students have raised concer ns about the impact on attracting out-of-state students and

we saw a decline in the number of NRNR students who came [this academic year]. What is your response to those concerns and that trend? Those are very real concerns and it’s a trend that we hope will not continue. It’s been the [Board of Regents’] view that out-of-state NRNR tuition should be in the range of the midpoint of the Big Ten, and I’ve supported a move in those tuition rates. But clearly it’s a pretty basic law that if the price of something goes up, typically the demand will go down. We’re clearly seeing that and we’re trying to balance an appropriate tuition rate relative to our peers, together with an attractive opportunity for NRNR students to come. There’s a sweet spot there, and we’re working to find it. The University is continuing to work on the draft proposal for gender identity, gender expression, names and pronouns, you’ve expressed suppor t for that draft policy. There have been concer ns also raised about how it [would] af fect free speech. What are your thoughts on the policy? I’m glad to see this policy has evolved to eliminate punishment of penalties for violating that policy — I thought that was clearly a step too far. On the other hand, I think people have

a right to identify and request that they be identified by the right pronouns that they choose. I don’t think that interferes with anybody’s free speech. It feels to me like a simple common courtesy, if you will, to address somebody in a way that they want to be addressed, and that’s really what this policy is about. President-Designate Gabel was appointed as your successor in December. As she’s transitioning into that role, what advice or guidance have you shared with her? We’ve had lots of conversations, and I’m not going to make public transcripts of those conversations obviously, but this is a wonderful University. It’s poised for great success. I feel very fortunate to have had a good run as president over the past eight years, and I think President Gabel will take us to even greater heights. As you enter the last segment of your presidency, what are some of your goals and priorities and things you want to make sure you get done before PresidentDesignate Gabel takes over in July? One, a very high priority is to deal with the issues of buildings’ names. As you know, I’ve asked a committee to look very deeply at the history around the

naming of buildings on campus — one in St. Paul, one on the West Bank and two on the East Bank. That report will get to me, I believe, [Friday]. I will read that and then make recommendations to the Board of Regents about a potential renaming or unnaming those buildings. It’s really important to me that I get that done and that the board takes action on it so it’s simply not an issue when President Gabel begins. I’m very focused on a successful legislative outcome. I think a stable and robust budget, which would be provided by the full $87 million state appropriation and a modest tuition increase, will enable her to have a strong base to move forward without artificial budget constraints that limited funding would pose for her. I’m very focused, and will continue in my year after as president emeritus, on continuing to bring our capital campaign down to the finish line. We’re about $3.2 billion of the way towards a $4 billion goal and I want to continue to help make that a reality. Those are probably the three big things for me in the next several months. ... You know it would be wonderful if the Gopher men and women both went to the basketball Final Fours, but that’s a separate set of goals.

You talked about the issue of building names. You’re going to be receiving the repor t from [Task Force on Building Names and Institutional Histor y] tomor r ow. What are your expectations for building names going for ward? Do you expect that Cof fman or any of the other buildings ar e going to be renamed? Well, it’s premature for me to comment on that until I read the report. The purpose of the report is to give us a very solid and firm scholarly foundation on which to build a set of recommendations for the board. So I’m eager to receive and digest the report. Today is Thursday, but it’s also Valentine’s Day. Do you have any plans to celebrate? My wife and I will be able to get away for a weekend in a couple of weeks, and we’re going to postpone our Valentine’s celebration until then. But as we’re preparing to move out of Eastcliff, we’ve been going through a whole lot of stuff and I was delighted to receive today a recycled Valentine’s card, which was the one that she gave me on our first Valentine’s day after after we were married. She’s kept a lot of stuff. Par ts of the interview have been lightly edited for grammar and clarity.




Editorials & Opinions


Acknowledging racial, discriminatory historical practices on University of Minnesota campus The Editorial Board looked at past issues of “The Gopher” to unveil our University’s history.

The Minnesota Daily Editorial Board decided we would do some digging into the University of Minnesota’s history with cultural and racial discrimination from the late 1800s into the 1970s. Looking through old copies of “The Gopher” yearbook, we found darker elements of student life. We are highlighting this part of our University’s history — not to spark controversy, but to recognize the history — instead of burying it. Virginia Gov. Ralph Northam admitted to wearing blackface during medical school in the 1980s. This prompted others to encourage the Democratic governor to resign from his position in order to hold himself accountable for his college antics. This sparked conversation among our team. We did not choose to bring these photos to light to criticize the University but to remind everyone of the discrimination that was perpetrated on our campus. We must publicly acknowledge what happened and learn from our school’s past mistakes. In a yearbook dating back to 1923, there is a photo of a parade with a Ku Klux Klan float leading a trail of three cars through campus streets. Photos from the same

We are highlighting this part of our University’s history — not to spark controversy, but to recognize the history — instead of burying it.

decade include white men at a forestry camp with their faces painted black titled, “Sambo and His Minstrels,” as well as a drawing of a black man shining shoes. While there were not many, black students were enrolled at the University while these activities happened and were celebrated. Among the photos we looked through, we found a section dedicated to a University campus circus. Men dressed up as Native Americans and carried around guns, essentially making a spectacle of Native culture and practices. Our publicly funded, landgrant institution has a clear history of discriminatory behavior. We cannot continue to ignore it. We only had space to show a select few in the paper, but there were countless other examples of racial intolerance, including anti-Semitism and anti-Arab displays. While there were a few decades with a stronger concentration of incidents, we found consistent evidence of this behavior. These documents are easily available. All yearbooks are available publicly, free of charge, in the basement of Andersen Library. Examples of racial bigotry are hidden in plain sight and no one really talks about them outside the “A Campus Divided” exhibit. Although the exhibit reminds us about cruel actions of past administrators, we can’t forget that similar actions happened among the student population. It’s crucial we understand our school’s history by acknowledging these photos. By giving ourselves a reminder, we think of current students who experience feeling alienated or discriminated against, and encourage themselves and others to speak up. Our campus thrives and prides itself on its diversity. It’s important that the student body continues to reflect that. We choose to not allow these instances to be buried, as many people often do. Instead, we remember past mistakes as opportunities to learn and create a better campus environment for all University students.


Photos printed in the early 1900s from University yearbooks depicting discriminatory practices and actions on campus.


If a queer character dies, is it ‘bury your gays?’ Negative tropes in entertainment media such as queerbaiting, have been harmful and unproductive.


artoon fandom is a tumultuous place. Centralized on primarily Tumblr and Twitter, fans of series both new and old share fan art, fanfiction PALMER HAASCH and comments columnist about cartoon series. While fandom has long been a hotbed of collaboration and creation, fandom drama is inevitable. Most recently, cartoon fandoms have been plagued by fan accusations of the invocation of harmful tropes in LGBTQ representation, namely queerbaiting and “bury your gays.” Both queerbaiting and “bury your gays” are legitimate, harmful tropes referencing the treatment of queer characters in

entertainment media. For a quick rundown: queerbaiting is when a show strongly hints at the possibility of a queer relationship (think Dean and Castiel on “Supernatural”) without intending to fully realize it, thus “baiting” fans with potential of queer representation. “Bury your gays” references the killing of queer characters (like Lexa on “The 100”) for shock value and/or to further the development of another more central character. However, fans of series — in particular of the Netflix’s “Voltron: Legendary Defender” and “The Dragon Prince” — occasionally accuse showrunners of playing into tropes when they don’t necessarily apply. “Voltron” sparked controversy this past summer during its seventh season when a recently revealed gay character was killed in a flashback. Fans also accused the staff of queerbaiting, citing their announcement at San Diego Comic-Con regarding the new character had baited them into continuing to watch the series. The incident, along with the “Volton” fandom’s reputation for being prone to vitriol, has left a mark on animation fandom. After Hypable hinted at a “bury your gays” moment in a pre-premiere review of “The

Both queerbaiting and “bury your gays” are legitimate, harmful tropes referencing the treatment of queer characters in entertainment media.

Dragon Prince’s” second season, fans were quick to fear that “The Dragon Prince” had played into the same tropes as Volton. I don’t think calls for better representation should be trivialized (I’ve been writing about it for years). However, I don’t think either of these stories played into these particular tropes. There’s greater nuance in these tropes past queer characters dying. “Bury your gays” signifies queer death was played for shock value and necessitates existing investment in a character. Characters that we already know are dead,


The internet of kings: the negatives of net neutrality, data mining and us Despite the clear benefits of the internet, privacy and security are always at risk when online.


eople have decided to use the internet in adverse ways. Election meddling is everywhere, and it’s found easy footing here in the U.S. UMA VENKATA I believe U.S. incolumnist telligence agencies found this in their investigations. The internet also provides porn, which serves as sexual education for children. Just let that sink in. Recruitment for terrorist organizations in any country, for any ideology, has been streamlined. Actual terrorism — including for neoNazis or the mountains-out-of-molehills rage of the incels — can be expedited. And it has never been easier to traffic people. The internet has good things, too. Vast swaths of information, credible or otherwise, are immediate. Khan Academy is nice. So are cat videos and Facebook Messenger. Job applications were more arduous without internet, (and maybe that’s why

the job search of the past seems so uncompetitive). But, if someone you love was trafficked for sex through internet convenience, none of these positives matter. Then there’s the moral quandary of net neutrality. Net neutrality requires internet providers to treat all lawful content equally; not favor their own content; not withhold data or impede content as favors the provider; and not slow the internet of consumers who do not pay an extra premium for fast service. On June 9, under Federal Communications Commissions Chairman Ajit Pai, these rules were scrapped for “innovation.” Pai argued the people he spoke with across the country were not concerned if content would be blocked or discriminated against — only concerned with the want for fast internet. Nevertheless, providers can still block and discriminate without net neutrality. Perhaps these customers whose fortunes really do hinge on the internet are the ones who can’t quite afford to pay an unnecessary premium for service. The giant providers, however — Time Warner’s Spectrum, Comcast and others — did get their wish. Net neutrality isn’t a moral quandary at all. Net neutrality is about preserving internet for all, rather than profit for a few and further class disparity. That’s over for now. But this still hasn’t addressed other major players in the internet, like Facebook and Google. In December, Google CEO Sundar Pichai testified before the House Judiciary

Committee in the wake of uncertainty in Google’s data handling and privacy. The grave reality of Russian meddling was present. But it was clear — and comical — how much those representatives on the committee did not understand basic internet phenomena. Rep. Zoe Lofgren, D-California, made her incredulous sentiments known when she asked Pichai why a Google search of “idiot” yielded photos of President Donald Trump. What they should have done was give Pichai an easel and have him explain how search functions work. (In lieu of that, Cornell University’s mathematics department has a fun and simple explanation for the PageRank algorithm.) However, apart from search woes, PageRank doesn’t explain what liberties Google does and doesn’t take since its growth from 1998. Facebook is a primary vehicle for a lot of wrongdoing. However, the consumers are partially responsible for buying into it. We’re the ones putting out information and photos of ourselves and our children. The notion that our web presence can remain private is a false security. Deep down, I think we all know that. Facebook and Google do business; the onus is not all on them. As for ourselves, we need to think critically. Unless we do, internet players have no duty to play along. Uma Venkata welcomes comments at

or characters that we barely know, don’t quite fit the mold. Similarly, queerbaiting is prolonged and typically narrative based — think a slow-burn romance that never quite bears fruit. Both “Voltron” and “The Dragon Prince” only gave viewers a short amount of time with queer characters before they died. Calling “bury your gays” each time a queer character dies on screen is unproductive and encourages flat storytelling. Queer characters that aren’t allowed to die aren’t fully fleshed out characters and reducing them to “the [queer] rep” is gross simplification at best and tokenizing at worst. We should call for three-dimensional, welldeveloped queer characters. If they die in a way that makes sense contextually, that’s OK. Calling for their eternal life, however, is not.

Palmer Haasch welcomes comments at EDITORIALS & OPINIONS DEPARTMENT Editorials represent the voice of the Minnesota Daily as an institution and are prepared by the editorial board. SHARE YOUR VIEWS The Minnesota Daily welcomes letters and guest columns from readers. All letters must include the writer’s name, address and phone number for verification. The Daily reserves the right to edit all letters for style, space, libel and grammar. Letters to the editor should be no more than 500 words in length. Guest columns should be approximately 350 words. The Daily reserves the right to print any submission as a letter or guest column. Submission does not guarantee publication. Fax: (612) 435-5865 Phone: (612) 435-1578 Letters and columns to the editor 2221 University Ave. SE Suite 450 Minneapolis, MN 55414






HOROSCOPES Today’s Birthday (2/18): Communication profits this year. Share your affection and kindness steadily. Study to unveil a mystery. Summer glory for your crew comes before physical obstacles alert you to stop and smell the roses. Follow your heart this winter. Express your creativity and passion.

To get the advantage, check the day’s rating: 10 is the easiest day, 0 the most challenging. Written by Nancy Black

I* * SK * DE * RI E * B * TU

Your Ticket To Ride

12-96” 20 $

On The Slopes

Aries (3/21 - 4/19): Today is an 8 — Relax and enjoy the company. Ponder big questions this month under the Pisces Sun. Philosophical inquiries engage you.

Libra (9/23 - 10/22): Today is an 8 — Get out with friends. You’re physically energized this month with the Pisces Sun. Practice to refine your technique. Consistent efforts win.

Taurus (4/20 - 5/20): Today is a 7 — Domestic matters have your attention. Succeed with teamwork this month. Community efforts flower with the Sun in Pisces. You can get what you need.

Scorpio (10/23 - 11/21): Today is an 8 — A professional opportunity takes focus. Distractions include someone attractive. You’re especially lucky in love this month with the sun in Pisces.

Gemini (5/21 - 6/21): Today is an 8 — Edit your expressions before sending. Professional creativity flourishes this month under the Pisces Sun. Advance in your career through communicating.

Sagittarius (11/22 - 12/21): Today is a 7 — Explore and study options. A month-long domestic phase dawns with the Pisces Sun. Make home improvements, repairs and upgrades.

Cancer (6/22 - 7/22): Today is a 9 — A profitable idea develops. Talk about your dreams. Educational pursuits and discoveries expandwith the Sun in Pisces. Draw up plans and budget.

Capricorn (12/22 - 1/19): Today is an 8 — Make plans together, and adjust budgets to suit. Writing and communication projects flourish over the next month, with the Sun in Pisces.

Leo (7/23 - 8/22): Today is a 9 — Get a lucky personal break. Contribute to expanding joint financial ventures. Coordinate with your partner for mutual benefit. Share wishes and ideas.

Aquarius (1/20 - 2/18): Today is a 9 — Collaboration proves fundamental. Work together to get farther. Lucrative opportunities develop this month. Direct energy under the Pisces Sun.

Virgo (8/23 - 9/22): Today is a 6 — Rest and make plans. Share the load over the next month as a partnership flowers under the Pisces Sun. Collaborate to realize a dream.

Pisces (2/19 - 3/20): Today is a 9 — Nurture your health and energy. Begin a power phase, with the Sun in your sign this month. Advance personal dreams and objectives.

50 Minutes North Of Campus

DR. DATE Dr. Date,

I treasure my sleep more than anything. If I don’t sleep through the night, I’m super grumpy the next day, which is why my Tinder hookups never stay over. However, one hookup got a little more serious and we’ve been exclusive for a few months. Everything’s great — except when he sleeps over. About 30 minutes into dreamland, I’m awoken by the lovely sound of him yelling expletives, having conversations with no one or mumbling about how much he hates various sports teams. This goes on for hours. If I manage to wake him up, he promises to stop before he falls back asleep and does it again. It’s driving me crazy. The only kind of sleepless nights I want with a partner involve us both awake, if you know what I mean. Is there anything I can do?

—Desperate for Dreams Dear Desperate for Dreams,

While few people can relate to this specific scenario, almost everyone has had a roommate who snores, plays music or stays up late playing Fortnite with friends. Assuming his behavior doesn’t continue when he’s awake, I think you can overcome this with the trade secret of every snorer’s roommate: earplugs. Alternatively, you can listen to music in bed, take sleeping pills or force him to sleep with a gag. This doesn’t have to be a dealbreaker, but figure out a way to cope — what will you do if you move in together?

— Dr Date Dr. Date,

My boyfriend and I normally have a pretty good relationship, but we’ve been struggling lately. We’ve had petty fights almost every night. It wouldn’t be a major problem, but he’s been taking our issues to social media. After we fight, he posts some vague status like: “Some people just don’t respect

Night Ski/Snowboard Open til 3AM Fridays - Free Live Music Learn To Ski & Snowboard

Troll’s Famous 3AM Late Night Fridays Ski/Shred 9pm-3am For Only $20 (or just $35 from 3pm-3am) Free Live Music In The Lounge

me,” or “What do you do when you’re ready to give up on someone?” People ask if he’s OK, and he asks them to private message him to hear the full story. His DMs fill up with gossipy questions — the one time I snuck a look, his response was a drawn-out ramble about how people in his life keep treating him like garbage. He never says my name, but it’s pretty clear who he’s talking about. His vaguebooking is making our fights worse, and I’m worried this might be a dealbreaker. Is it possible to delete someone else’s Facebook?

—Just Block Him

Dear Just Block Him,

Your boyfriend is everyone I hate on social media. Is there anything worse than someone begging to be asked what’s wrong, and then when asked, says they don’t want to talk about it publicly? Just give us the drama! There’s no way your relationship is sustainable when he shares every detail with anyone who asks. I can’t tell you how to fix your petty fights besides setting reminders to do chores. When it comes to Facebook posts that spawn from arguments, you might have to resort to retaliation. If you haven’t already asked him to keep everything private, do it. Otherwise, you can threaten to post something like: “Ugh, I just wish he could satisfy me. Anyone else dealing with size issues in the bedroom?” (Make sure you block your close relatives from seeing it!) No matter what, most people are probably rolling their eyes at his posts and thinking he’s the ridiculous one. If you guys break up, make sure you block him so you never have to see a “missing her” post again.

—Dr. Date

Want advice from the love doctor? Email Dr. Date at


Last Issue’s Puzzle Solved Complete the grid so each row, column and 3-by-3 box (in bold borders) contains every digit 1 to 9. For strategies on how to solve sudoku, visit

Last issue’s solution


© 2019 Michael Mepham. Distributed by Tribune Media Services. All rights reserved.


Monday, February 18, 2019

U explores nanotechnology in medicine


Ph.D. candidate Joseph Um holds a magnet up to a vial of nano wires in a clear solution on Tuesday, Feb. 12 in Keller Hall on the East Bank campus.

UMN researchers are hoping to use nanotechnology for organ transplants. BY KATIE SALAI

From identifying diseaseridden cells to destroying tumors, University of Minnesota researchers are working on developing nanotechnology to enhance medical procedures. Recent research from the

University’s Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering focuses on using nanotechnology — such as microscopic wires or superheating tiny particles — in a wide breadth of biological research. A multi-departmental proposal submitted this month hopes to expand on nano-heating studies. University researchers are looking at developing medical nanotechnology that could treat cancer through heat therapy using nanoparticles instead of chemotherapy.

“You can use heat therapy to treat a tumor, to direct a nanoparticle to get near or inside a cell or inside cancer cells,” said University transplant surgeon Erik Finger, who was part of the proposal. “Then apply radio frequency, magnetic fields, [and] you can heat kill ... tumor cells and spare the rest of the cells around it.” When organs for transplant are cryopreserved, they need to be warmed up. Finger is looking forward to heating transplanted organs

efficiently and uniformly with rod-shaped nanoparticles. “Each of those little [nanoparticles] generates heat, so it heats homogeneously and quickly, so it’s not like an ice cube in a microwave where you’re melting the outside while the center is still frozen,” Finger said. Nanoparticle research is interdisciplinary, Finger said, involving mechanical engineering, materials sciences, chemistry and radiology. “The applications of these kinds of things is way more than our little niche,” Finger said. “My little niche is I’m a transplant surgeon, so we want to be able to preserve organs so we can transplant them in the future.” Other researchers aim to use nanoparticle radio-frequency identification microchips to label cells that have cancer or AIDS indicators, though research is in early stages. “What was really fascinating is we were working on the

potential concept of the tag itself, the fact that a nanostructure could be used potentially to create the tag,” said Rhonda Franklin, a University micro and nanostructures researcher. Alongside Franklin, University nanoparticle researcher Bethanie Stadler has been integrating the development of nanoparticles and RFID. The use of nanoparticles as RFID microchips have been successful because of their easy uptake into cells. “Cells internalize those wires because they are just small enough that cells, as they normally sample their environment, they just take them up,” Stadler said. “Even when they divide, there’s nanowires in both daughter cells.” The accessibility of nanowires is important to their development, Stadler said, because using nanowires as labels could be done locally rather than an expensive trip to a major hospital. “This is something that

could be done in a clinic anywhere, it’s cheap and accessible,” Stadler said. The greater implications of nanotechnology can give way to the development of a new industry, Franklin said. “I would expect that outside of medicine, eventually they can come back into more traditional electronics and offer some capability there,” Franklin said. “The possibilities are really limitless at this point, it’s the imagination that’s the limit, not the options.”

“You can use heat therapy to treat a tumor, to direct a nanoparticle to get near or inside a cell or inside cancer cells.” ERIK FINGER transplant surgeon

Plan Your Campus Bus Ride With GopherTrip! DOWNLOAD THE APP

Download GopherTrip app for FREE using iTunes or Google Play


See a real-time map of campus bus service at


Text “umnbus” and stop number to 41411 for a campus bus location update


612-626-PARK (7275) | |

Profile for The Minnesota Daily

February 18, 2019  

February 18, 2019  

Profile for mndaily