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Serving the Performance Horse Industry For 20 Years

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St Clair Farms would like to thank all buyers from the 2017 Nebraska Quarter Horse Classic and invites you to enter the NQHC Inaugural Futurity & Derby in 2019! When: The first Nebraska Quarter Horse Classic Futurity (NQHC) Futurity & Derby will be held Sunday, August 25, 2019, in Ogallala, Nebraska. Eligibility: Any horse sired by one of the NQHC producer’s stallions or out of one of their mares will be eligible for the futurity/derby. Once a horse wins an age division, that horse is no longer eligible to compete in that division of the futurity/derby. NQHC producers include Box 0 Quarter Horses, Most Quarter Horses, and St Clair Farms. Also eligible, Haythorn lots 109, 110, 111 and 113 and Lee lots 97,98,99,100,101,102,103,104,105,106. Divisions:

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WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE• Equine Health/Fall 2017

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WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE• Equine Health/Fall 2017

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Equine Health


Mares with More Poco Lena Queen of the Cutters By Larry Thornton


Working Lines Equine DNA Carries More Than Talent By Larry Thornton


Trainer Talk

Healthy Horse Regimen By Al Dunning


Trailer Loading Tips By Richard Winters


Riding With One Hand or Two? By Cal Middleton



Show & Sales Results Calendar of Events Ad Index Real Estate Corral

44-46 48 49 50

Cover Photo by Blake Monroe

McKenzie Morgan, 16, of Tennessee, has won numerous titles on In Firewaters Honor including RFDTV The American Finalist 2016, All-American Youth 1D Champion 2016, 2017 1D NBHA Teen World Champion and 2017 Mega Reserve Champion.


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Working Horse Magazine has been serving the performance horse industry since 1997. Main office: 355 Watson Divide Rd., Snowmass, CO 81654. Phone: 970-948-5523. For questions regarding subscriptions or distribution, call Chris Kelly at 970-618-5202.

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Make plans to attend Waukon Horse Sale’s Annual Fall Sale

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Some early sale listings include: 3 y/o B&W Tobiano Mare. Started riding. By CATZANNE, an own son of High Brow Cat, X double bred Straight From Texas mare 2 y/o Red Roan Gelding. Big and Gentle, ready to start. By a son of Peptos Stylish Oak X an own daughter of Straight from Texas Top Quality colored baby colts sired by: Shiners Star (Black- The Shine X dtr of Fancy Red Bark) Kros Blue Honey (Gray- Krogs Blue Buck X dtr of NJAS Silver Bars) JRS Blueboy Lena (Blue Roan- Little Peppy Three X dtr of Valentines Fire) Yrlg Stud Lenas Cee Boonsmal X High Brow Hickory dtr

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Horse Fitness Regimen Regular exercise program prepares horses for show season. By Al Dunning As the season changes so does our process for keeping our horses fit. The summer months with the long days of light offer our horses a chance to shed off their long hair and often times get turned out to enjoy the Vitamin D sunshine. In our area, our fitness program escalates because we have more shows and events in the fall, winter and spring. We start by altering our exercise program to add more anaerobic exercises. Our anaerobic routine typically looks like this: walk, jog, extend the trot for long periods of time, reduce the speed again for a minute or two, then lope–usually at a faster pace to up the heart rate– before slowing again. By changing the speeds and level of exertion, your horse will become more fit for any event that your shows may offer. We like a horse that can move out, stay relaxed, then slow down and gather his air quickly again. No horse can think properly or assimilate your training when they are breathing exceptionally hard to the point of exhaustion. By incrementally working our horses in this anaerobic manner, the horse’s lung capacity increases and they learn that going slow is a good place!

interesting that most people feel horses’ feet are better off in a pasture than when they are kept in a stall. Controlling the moisture level in a horse’s foot is carried out much better in an enclosed environment. I’m not saying pasture time isn’t good for a horse, but many horses’ feet get too soft when turned out in pasture for long periods of time. This makes it hard for the horse to hold a shoe on properly. We attempt to monitor all our horses exercise programs versus their foot health. Other problems such as white line disease and thrush also need to be cared for as needed. Talking about grazing, all horses should be allowed to graze. Some pasture time is good for every horse. Horses need to be “horses” and not kept like potted plants. Horses were made to eat off the ground. We like to feed our horses in a contained feeder that is low in the stall. Most of our horses are fed three times a day so that they can graze all day, even while in a stall.

Most individual work classes at the shows take horses through several gaits–slow and fast–which all require fitness and proper lung capacity.

As we increase our exercise during our busy season we add a complete feed supplement to our normal forage. For some horses we want to add energy and for others we need to keep the energy down and the fat level up. Each horse should be fed as an individual. Our preference in complete feeds in Purina Ultium because of its consistent quality and nutrition backed up by research.

We consider all aspects of our horses’ health, and we especially focus on our horses’ hoof health. It is

It is very important to feed your horses at the same time every day. University studies have shown

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horses assimilate their feed better when fed on a consistent schedule. One of the most important parts of our fitness program is monitoring soundness. We start at the bottom. I love the old saying, “no hoof, no horse.” Our second consideration is joint health. With accelerated exercise, horses should be supplemented to prevent joint injury and promote joint comfort. Hyaluronic acid in oral or injectable forms is the #1 product for this purpose. My preference is LubriSyn. This oral form of hyaluronic acid is easy to feed, has a proven track record to prevent joint pain and has a high molecular concentration of hyaluronic acid to help in this capacity. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. Overall the best thing you can do for your horse’s soundness is be in tune to his way of going and demeanor. When he deviates from his normal way of travel, stop and thoroughly inspect him from the ground up. Hoof testers, which are like big pliers, are a handy thing to have around to test the hoof for bruises and abscesses. Keeping your horse’s feet clean before and after you ride is just a smart thing to do. Also flex testing a horse can tell you a lot about the severity of any aches and pains he may have. Flex testing is holding a leg up in a flexed position for about a minute before letting it down and trotting him off to see the result. Flex

WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE• Equine Health/Fall 2017

testing is one of the first things we do when a horse feels a bit off his stride. Longeing a horse on firm, flat ground is another evaluation technique. When horses feet are cared for properly, when they have a nutritionally sound diet, when they can move pain free and when their anaerobic health is good, finally your horse can be considered fit and ready for the show season. I have one more saying that I think is important when it comes to training or horse health: I try to leave “no stone unturned.” This means that I look at all aspects of my horse’s health and take it seriously. I wish horses could talk but since they can’t I must observe them diligently to treat them with dignity.

Al Dunning of Scottsdale, AZ, is one of the most respected horseman in the industry. Al and his students have garnered 45 world and reserve world championships. He has held numerous national leadership positions and earned multiple honors including induction into the AzQHA Hall of Fame. His 40+ years of experience as a professional trainer has led him to produce books, DVDs, clinics, Team AD online mentoring, and ADTV on Better Horses Network. Al’s ability to reach people comes from his love of horses and out of respect to the mentors in his own life. For more information, visit

WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE• Equine Health/Fall 2017

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Load ‘Em Up Tips on traveling with your favorite companions. By Richard Winters If you own horses, loading and hauling in a trailer is part of the total package. And most, if not all, of us who have been involved with horses for any length of time have our share of stories about a difficult horse or a bad situation we found ourselves in when it came to loading and hauling our horse in a trailer. Here is a nonexhaustive list of things that I've learned hauling horses thousands of miles for over 30 years. Don't wait till the morning of your trip to see if your horse will load.  Without proper preparation, you should just plan on your horse being resistant to loading inside of the trailer. There's nothing about that metal box that is reassuring or inviting to your horse. Have you ever ridden in the back of a horse trailer? It’s not necessarily the smoothest ride. And it probably did not leave a positive impression on your horse last time you took him somewhere. So why not load him up in the trailer when you have nowhere to go. Take time to start the trailer loading process with no pressure or expectations. Load him up and feed him his favorite bucket of treats. Now unload your horse and put him away. Follow that procedure about three times in a row and your horse is likely to drag you into the trailer next time you lead him by it! Remember procedures.    I mention this specific procedure because I've seen this mistake made time and again. When loading in a straight load trailer, never tie your horse inside until you have secured the butt bar and/or the door in the

back. And when unloading, never open the back door and let the butt bar down until you have untied your horse in front. Even the most gentle horses will anticipate backing out and when tied will pull back dangerously because they have no security behind.   Get going. You'll find some horses that will load up in the trailer, but act a bit anxious and nervous once inside. If they are safely secured, in most cases the best thing you can do is get going. The movement of a well driven truck and trailer will often help horses become stable and quiet down once you're on the road. When I have picked up  young, inexperienced horses for training, I make sure that all my conversations with clients are done before I load up. Once the horse is in, I say goodbye and hit the road.  Take a break. Think twice about  the wisdom of unloading your horse in the middle of your day long hauling trip. In my experience, and that of many professional haulers, 300 to 500 miles inside a safe trailer is not unreasonable for most horses. When you stop for fuel or a snack, that will allow your horse time to urinate and rest. You can even offer water through the manger door.  However, stopping in an unfamiliar place and unloading horses for 20 minutes midway through your trip may present more problems than

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benefits. Unless your horse is a seasoned hauler and loads exceptionally well, it might not be worth the risk and unpredictability of your well-intentioned rest stop. We ask a lot of our horses. I'm amazed they do anything for us. Especially going in trailers. However, with some good, commonsense techniques, your horse can survive this experience.  Your proactive leadership can set your next horse hauling venture on the road to success.  For over 30 years Richard Winters has been helping horses and people progress on their horsemanship journey. His Horsemanship Clinic's have taken him throughout the country and around the world. Accomplishments include World Championships in the National Reined Cow Horse Association, European International Colt Starting Champion and Road To The Horse Colt Starting Winner. He is the author of From Rider to Horseman.

WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE • Equine Health/Fall 2017

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WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE • Equine Health/Fall 2017

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Poco Lena - Queen of the Cutters By Larry Thornton

The story of Poco Lena showed the potential to become a legend early on. She started life as the ugly duckling that turned into the queen of the cutting horse arena. She was in the NCHA Top Ten for 10 years. She was the NCHA Open Reserve World Champion Cutting Horse five times and the NCHA Open World Champion Cutting Mare three times. She was the long time NCHA leading money winner with $99,782 in earnings and an NCHA Hall of Fame member. Her AQHA record is just as impressive. She was the AQHA Honor Roll Cutting Horse from 1959 to 1961. She earned 671 AQHA cutting points and 174 AQHA halter points, giving her the AQHA Superior Award in these two events as well as an AQHA Championship. As impressive as this show record is, the true legacy of Poco Lena has come through her sons Doc O'Lena

and Dry Doc. This is a legacy of pedigree power from one of the alltime great mares. Let's look back at the life of this great mare and her role in the pedigree of the modern performance horse. Poco Lena was foaled on the famous 3 D Stock Farm of Arlington, TX, in 1949. The 3 D was developed by E. Paul Waggoner as a show place for his great stallions Poco Bueno and Pretty Buck. E. Paul Waggoner was one of the heirs to the Waggoner Estate and son of W. T. Waggoner and grandson of Dan Waggoner, the founder of this famous Texas ranch at Vernon, TX. Poco Lena was started by Andy Hensley and then trained for cutting by Pine Johnson. Pine had been hired by E. Paul Waggoner to train and ride Poco Bueno after Bob Burton left the 3 D Stock Farm. He would be the man that rode Poco Bueno into prominence as a cutting horse.

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Pine recalled the first time he saw Poco Bueno in an interview I had with him in the mid 1980s, “When I went to Waggoner's they said, ‘Your main job is Poco Bueno.’ Well they lead him out of the stall and he looked too heavy muscled. Real heavy muscled and thick kind of horse. He didn't look like an athlete. But I found out he was. “He’s the only horse that ever turned out from under me. He turned out from under me at a rodeo during the cuttin’. I mean he just turned out from under me so quick that I hit the ground on my feet and stood up. I just didn’t realize he had that quickness. I liked to never make myself believe that a horse was actually that quick. A cow was at his mercy.” The quickness and power of Poco Bueno lead to Johnson’s taking hold of the saddle horn, starting the now common practice by cutters of

WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE • Equine Health/Fall 2017

Mares with More (Photo right: Barbara Worth (Mrs. Don Dodger at the time) in the cutting arena on Poco Lena at Re Bluff around 1955. Photo from the author’s file

holding on to the saddle horn during a cutting competition. It was reported that Poco Lena was not a very attractive youngster. She was described in the story “Poco Lena, An NCHA Producer” by Sally Harrison in the July 1988 issue of “The Cutting Horse Chatter” as “a lanky weanling” that had not been sold like the rest of the Poco Bueno colts from the 1949 crop.

“I never was at a point where I thought I didn’t have enough speed and power to get the job done with Poco Bueno or Poco Lena.”

Pine Johnson

Pine told Harrison, “Everybody was looking for a Quarter Horse. They wanted compact muscling and pretty heads. She didn't have any of those things. She was sort of a string bean.” He showed her for the first time as a two year old at the State Fair of Texas in the AQHA junior cutting, scoring a 78. Pine didn't get to ride many of Poco

This picture of Poco Bueno shows the power of this great horse that he passed on to the modern cutting horse through horses like Poco Lena. Photo courtesy The AQHA Hall of Fame and Museum

Bueno’s foals. But Poco Lena was one of them and she was the best he ever rode. He described her this way: “She had the same style (as her sire). She dropped down when she went to turn, she would drop straight down. That's how he (Poco Bueno) came to turn out from under me that time...he’d drop six or eight inches down towards the ground and he'd sweep over. Well, it left you up out of the saddle and that’s how he turned out from under me. “Poco Lena did the same thing. She had a way of knuckling or kneeling down. She’d bend her legs and get close to the ground. The more you asked of her the more she could do. “I never was at a point where I thought I didn't have enough speed and power to get the job done with Poco Bueno or Poco Lena,” Pine said. The next person in the life of Poco Lena was Don Dodge. Dodge was a cutting horse trainer and rider from California. He first bought Poco Tivio, a full brother to Poco Lena, from Cliff Magers for $5,000.

Poco Tivio started his show career at the 3 D Stock Farm and then with Milt Bennett showing him for Magers. Dodge completed Poco Tivio’s AQHA Championship and showed him to a couple of NCHA Top Ten finishes. Then Dodge bought Snipper W, another horse bred by Waggoner and started by Pine. Snipper W earned the NCHA Open World Championship in 1953. Dodge bought Poco Lena in 1953. She finished in the NCHA Top Ten for the first time in 1953. She was fourth in the standings while Dodge won the World Championship on Snipper W. Don Dodge, Barbara Worth Dodge, Chester Cook and Pine Johnson all rode Poco Lena during the 1953-point year. Poco Lena never won a World Championship but she came close in 1955. Don Dodge and Milt Bennett, who was riding Snooky, traveled together for much of the 1955 show season. When they arrived at the Cow Palace in San Francisco for the last show of the point year only $27 separated them. After winning the

WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE • Equine Health/Fall 2017

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first go-round, Poco Lena had to undergo surgery for an intestinal blockage at the University of California at Davis Veterinary Clinic.

Zantanon King P-234 Jabalina

Snooky was the 1955 NCHA Open World Champion and Poco Lena was the Reserve Open World Champion. Poco Lena rebounded in 1956 with another fourth place finish in the NCHA Open Top Ten. Dodge reported in his book Don Dodge, The Way It Was (as told to Gala Nettles), that Poco Lena was a very special horse. He professed, “I don’t think I had a horse that touched my heart as much as that mare.” This statement by Dodge carries a lot of weight as he rode such greats as Snipper W, Peponita, Bonita Tivio, Fizzabar and Peppy San. Dodge later sold Poco Lena to B. A. “Barney” Skipper, Jr., of Longview, TX. Skipper rode Poco Lena to the NCHA Reserve World Championship in 1959 and earned her first title as the AQHA Honor Roll Cutting Horse

Poco Bueno Miss Taylor

Eads Mare Poco Lena Dodger Pretty Boy Little Maud Sheilwin Blackburn Blackburn 1 Unknown

came to an end with the 1962 show season. It happened in October of 1962. Barney Skipper died in a plane crash on his way home from a cutting in Arizona. Poco Lena and Holey Sox were being transported home and when word caught up that Skipper had died in the plane crash, the horses were abandoned. Poco Lena was found suffering from founder and she suffered from the effects of founder the rest of her life.

the same year. They repeated the AQHA High Point title in 1960 and 1961. They finished as the NCHA Open Reserve World Champions in 1960 and 1961. Poco Lena was the NCHA World Champion Cutting Mare in 1959, 1960 and 1961.

The Skipper horses were dispersed in the spring of 1963 with Poco Lena going to J. G. Madden of Minden, LA. But before the mare could be delivered, Madden backed out of the sale. Poco Lena was then purchased by Dr. and Mrs. Stephen Jensen of Paicines, CA. The Jensens owned the noted halter horse Doc Bar. Poco Lena was taken directly to the clinic of Dr. Frank Wayland and Dr. Gary Deter in Salinas, CA.

The cutting career of Poco Lena

Jeanette Strait Horse Bay Mare Little Joe Virginia Dee HIckory Bill Unknown Harmon Baker Froggie Tip Unknown Yellow Jacket Siss Unknown Unknown

Poco Lena is the result of the Poco Bueno on Pretty Boy mares that can be considered one of the great nicks of all time.

“When Poco Lena slowly hobbled off the trailer, everyone was sick to see her physical condition. She was in such pain.”

Doc Bar by Gala Nettles

Old Poco Bueno

Little Joe

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This was the reaction reported by Stephanie Ward (the Jensen’s daughter) in the book Doc Bar by Gala Nettles, about the first time they saw Poco Lena: “When Poco Lena slowly hobbled off the trailer, everyone was sick to see her physical condition. She was in such pain.” The pain and agony suffered by Poco Lena was so great that the Jensens toyed with the idea of putting her down. But they finally decided to give Wayland and Deter an opportunity to help their new mare. “At that time, we were dealing with the first radical resection of the toe with foundered horses,” Dr. Deter reported in the Doc Bar book. “We attempted this with an acrylic foot, but we didn't have much success. We were just able to help her a little. She was a great old mare and she took care of herself. We had her on our

WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE • Equine Health/Fall 2017

irrigated pastures for a long time and she was on the ground 90 percent of the time. She really had a lot of heart.” The Jensens goal was to breed Poco Lena to their up and coming halter horse sire Doc Bar that they had bought to serve as their breeding stallion. They also bought several Poco Tivio, King and Hollywood Gold mares with a goal of breeding performance horses. The Doc Bar/Poco Tivio cross proved to be the foundation of their newly formed breeding program. This is the cross that eventually produced such great horses as Fizzabar, Doc’s Marmoset, Doc’s Remedy, Doc’s Haida, Doc’s Prescription, Doc’s Lynx, Cal Bar, Boon Bar, Doc’s Oak and so on down the line.

Doc O’Lena and Dry Doc are called the “miracle colts” and the “fairytale foals” by those who knew how difficult it was to get these colts on the ground. So, breeding the full sister of Poco Tivio to Doc Bar was a natural move in the scheme of things, a move that would prove to be key to Doc Bar and Poco Lena’s legacy in the cutting industry. But it would take two years before Poco Lena was able to conceive and produce a foal. The founder not only complicated the situation, but they were dealing with an aged mare that had never had a foal. She delivered Doc O’Lena in 1967 on the front lawn of the Jensens’ home on the famous Doc Bar Ranch.

Then in 1968 Dry Doc was foaled on the lawn of the Jensens’ home. Shortly after Dry Doc was weaned, Poco Lena was put down. Thus, came the end of life for this great mare. But her legacy was just beginning. Doc O'Lena and Dry Doc are called the "miracle colts" and the "fairy-tale foals" by those who knew how difficult it was to get these colts on the ground. Both stallions lived up to their heritage. Doc O'Lena started as the 1970 NCHA Futurity Champion. He was ridden by Shorty Freeman to win both go-rounds, the semi-finals and the finals, a record that still holds as the only rider and horse to win all go-rounds and the finals of the Futurity. Dry Doc came on as the 1971 NCHA Futurity Champion, ridden by Buster Welch. Dry Doc earned $85,323 and joined the NCHA Hall of Fame with his dam. He was also an AQHA Superior Cutting Horse with 96 points. Many have reported that the Futurity wins by Doc O’Lena and Dry Doc were the catalysts that sent Doc Bar on his way as the all-time great cutting horse sire.

Don Dodge described the mating of Poco Bueno with the mare Sheilwin, in his book Don Dodge, The Way It Was, (as told to Gala Nettles), as a “good nick” because it was consistent. He believed it was unusual for a stallion and mare to produce several outstanding foals and this made the Poco Bueno/ Sheilwin cross special. This great stallion and mare combined to produce not only Poco Lena and Poco Tivio, but also Pretty Pokey, Poco Champ and Poco Sandra. As noted previously Poco Tivio was an early AQHA Champion that twice finished in the NCHA Open Top Ten placing fifth in 1951 and 1952. Pretty Pokey was the 1960 AQHA Honor Roll Working Cow Horse with nine AQHA halter points and 69 AQHA performance points. Poco Champ was an AQHA Champion with 54 halter points and 26 performance points. He was Superior in halter and ROM in performance. Poco Sandra was ROM as a performance horse and she had 36 AQHA halter points. Poco Bueno was sired by King P-234. King P-234 proved to be a

This is a promo photo of Doc O’Lena from the Phillips Ranch. Bill McNabb photo courtesy The Phillips Ranch

WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE • Equine Health/Fall 2017

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great sire that was known throughout the industry as the “cornerstone of the quarter horse.” He was a leading sire of ROM with 84 and a leading sire of AQHA Champions with 20. The daughters of King P-234 produced 50 AQHA Champions putting him second on this list. His foals include the great sires Royal King, King Glo, Hank H, Easter King and Continental King.

4 X 4 to Traveler. The dam of Miss Taylor was the Eads Mare by Hickory Bill. Hickory Bill was sired by Peter McCue. Miss Taylor was a good producing mare, the dam of Captain Jess, Red Jane C, Old Taylor, Cactus King, Old Grandad, Mona Lisa and King Jr, all sired by King P-234. Captain Jess was the earner of 29 cutting points and three halter points. Old Taylor earned 13 halter points and seven performance points.

Trophy presentation to Dry Doc at the 1971 NCHA Futurity. Photo courtesy NCHA

The sire of King P-234 was Zantanon. Zantanon was sired by Little Joe. Little Joe was sired by Traveler, whose pedigree is unknown. The dam of Little Joe was Jenny by Sykes Rondo by McCoy Billy by Old Billy. Jenny was out of May Mangum by Anthony by Old Billy. The dam of Zantanon was Jeanette by Billy by Big Jim. Big Jim was sired by Sykes Rondo. Jeanette was out of a mare by Sykes Rondo. Zantanon was 3 X 4 X 3 breeding pattern to Sykes Rondo and 5 X 5 X 6 X 5 breeding pattern to Old Billy. The dam of King P-234 was Jabalina. She was reportedly sired by Strait Horse by Yellow Jacket. Her dam is known as a Bay Quarter Mare. Some pedigree researchers believe that the Bay Quarter Mare was a daughter of Traveler. The dam of Poco Bueno was Miss Taylor by Old Poco Bueno. Old Poco Bueno was sired by Little Joe. This gave Poco Bueno a 3X3 breeding pattern to Little Joe. If we include the Bay Quarter Mare and the fact that she could be a daughter of Traveler, we see that Poco Bueno could have a breeding pattern of 4 X

Red Jane C was the dam of the good stallion Puro Tivio by Poco Tivio. Poco Tivio daughters proved to be good producers when crossed with Doc Bar. The offspring of this cross include the outstanding stallions Doc’s Jack Sprat and Doc Tari.

It is Doc O’Lena and Dry Doc that provided the opportunity to continue the genetics possessed by this mare (Poco Lena), giving her a legacy that will last as long as there are cutting horses. Sheilwin was sired by Pretty Boy, a prominent stallion in the Waggoner breeding program. He was the sire of Pretty Buck, Poco Bueno’s stablemate at the 3 D Stock Farm. Pretty Boy was sired by Dodger by

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Harmon Baker by Peter McCue. The dam of Pretty Boy was Maud by Tip. Tip is reportedly sired by Jazz by Harmon Baker. This would make Pretty Boy linebred to Peter McCue through Harmon Baker. This is a breeding pattern of 3 X 5. The dam of Sheilwin was an unnamed daughter of Blackburn. Blackburn was sired by Yellow Jacket and out of a mare named Siss. Yellow Jacket was sired by Little Rondo by Lock’s Rondo and out of Barbee Dun by Lock’s Rondo. This made Yellow Jacket 2 X 2 inbred to Lock’s Rondo. Lock’s Rondo was sired by Whalebone, a full brother to Anthony. Whalebone and Anthony were sired by Old Billy and out of Paisana. The two crosses to Yellow Jacket gives Poco Lena a 5 X 4 breeding pattern to Yellow Jacket. Siss was sired by Peter McCue. This gives Poco Lena a 5 X 5 X 7 X 5 breeding pattern to Peter McCue. Peter McCue was sired by Dan Tucker by Barney Owens by Martin’s Cold Deck by Old Billy. Thus Poco Lena is a combination of the South Texas branch of Old Billy Family and the Peter McCue branch of the Old Billy family. The Poco Bueno/Pretty Boy cross didn’t end with the foals of Sheilwin. This cross produced such noted horses as Poco Stampede, 1959 NCHA World Champion Cutting Horse; Poco Pine, AQHA Champion; Poco Bow Tie, AQHA Champion; Poco Mona, AQHA Champion and NCHA Top Ten Cutting Horse; Poco Bob, AQHA Champion and NCHA Top Ten Cutting Horse, and Poco Pico, AQHA Champion. The show record of Poco Lena proves she was one of the all-time great cutting horses. She is revered by many as the “greatest” cutting horse. So, her place in history would have been solidified as a legend through her great show record.

WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE• Equine Health/Fall 2017

Doc by Doc’s Remedy, a son of Doc Bar and Teresa Tivio by Poco Tivio. It is very common to find this type of linebreeding to Poco Lena and her brother Poco Tivio in a pedigree today.

Doc Bar, the halter horse turned cutting horse sire, is considered the foundation of the modern cutting horse. Photo courtesy author’s files

But it is Doc O’Lena and Dry Doc that provided the opportunity to continue the genetics possessed by this mare, giving her a legacy that will last as long as there are cutting horses.

earnings. The leading money foals in this category include Red White And Boon ($922,063); Sister CD ($852,612); Smart Peppy Lena (PT) ($494,314), and Smart Play ($410,688).

Doc O’Lena entered as the stud and proved right away that Poco Lena's influence was just beginning. Leantoo by Doc O’Lena was the 1974 NCHA Non-Pro Futurity Champion. Doc O’Lena is still the 11th leading sire on Equi-Stats All Time Leading Sire List. His foals have earned over $15,068,584. Some of his foals include Lenaette, the 1975 NCHA Open Futurity Champion; Smart Little Lena, the first winner of the NCHA Triple Crown (the Futurity-Derby-Super Stakes), and CD Olena, the 1994 NCHA Open Futurity Champion and the 1995 NCHA Open Derby Champion.

A big reason for the success of Doc O’Lena in the paternal grandsire list is Smart Little Lena. This son of Doc O’Lena was the first horse to win the NCHA Triple Crown as the Open Champion or Co-Champion of the NCHA Futurity, NCHA Super Stakes and the NCHA Derby. He has set his own standard as a sire further enhancing Poco Lena's legacy as a producer.

Doc O’Lena is currently the #2 EquiStat Leading Paternal Grandsire with earnings of $109,432,830. Some of his noteworthy sons include Shorty Lena, CD Olena, Montana Doc, Tanquery Gin, Lenas Jewel Bar, Lenas Teleis, Travalena and Doc 0 Dynamite. This list of stallions has each sired over $1 million in

The foals of Smart Little Lena have made him the Equi-Stat #2 All Time Leading Money Earning Sire with earnings of $39,916,018. His leading money winners are Red White And Boon, Smart Peppy Lena (PT) and Smart Play. Smart Little Lena is the #1 Equi-Stat Leading Maternal Grandsire with earnings of $61,180,145. His leading money winners on this list are Dual Rey Me ($818,177) and Third Cutting ($544,986). Here is an added note: Dual Rey Me is sired by Dual Pep. Dual Pep is out of Miss Dual

Another example is Third Cutting, sired by Boonlight Dancer who is out of Little Dancer Lena by Smart Little Lena. The dam of Third Cutting was Crab Grass by Smart Little Lena. This makes Third Cutting double bred to Smart Little Lena, another common breeding pattern in the modern cutters with ties to Poco Lena. Smart Little Lena is the broodmare sire of High Brow Cat. Smart Little Kitty by Smart Little Lena is the dam of High Brow Cat. High Brow Cat was the Equi-Stat All Time Leading Sire of Cutting Horse Money winners with earnings of $75 million. The leading cross for High Brow Cat is with Smart Little Lena mares. This cross has produced the winners of over $9 million. This includes cutters like Thomas E Hughes ($394,709) and Pappion Cat ($379,815). This makes all of the foals from this cross double bred to Poco Lena through Smart Little Lena.    The daughters of Doc O’Lena have made their own contribution to the legacy of Poco Lena. These daughters have produced foals that have earned $39.9 million making him the current #3 Equi-Stat Leading Maternal Grandsire. These foals include Little Pepto Gal ($526,229); Dually Lena ($395,616), and Just Playin Smart ($325,858). The NCHA Futurity Champion Lenaette went on from the Futurity to become one of Doc O’Lena's many great producing daughters. This mare is the dam of Playboys Angela ($121,226); Shesa Playmate ($100,306); Freckles Merada ($100,383); Playboys Elana

WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE • Equine Health/Fall 2017

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($52,125), A Lenaette ($42,845), and Young Gun ($32,463). All of these foals were sired by Freckles Playboy. Lenaette’s son Freckles Merada proved in his short life that he was going to be a great sire. He counts among his foals the great Meradas Little Sue the winner of $730,552. This mare was the 1995 and 1997 NCHA Open World Champion Cutting Horse. She is the dam of horses that have won over $1.9 million including Boon Too Suen. Some of Freckles Meradas other top money winners are Meradas Sunset ($123,160); Amanda Merada ($121,753), and Meradas Dee Jay ($117,278). Playboys Mom is a daughter of Lenaette and Freckles Playboy. Her foals have earned $985,636 and they include Mr Mom ($100,599); Moms Stylish Laddie ($93,061); Moms Stylish Cat ($65,652), and Playin Stylish ($107,852). Playin Stylish is the winner of the 1999 NCHA Super Stakes and the 1999 Augusta Futurity. All of these cutters were sired by Docs Stylish Oak. Dry Doc is found on Equi-Stats All Time Leading Sire List as well. He sired the winners of over $3.9 million. His foals include Miss Dry, an NCHA Non-Pro Futurity Champion; Bo Doc, an NCHA NonPro World Champion, and Dry Doc’s Desire, the 1985 AQHA World Champion Junior Cutting Horse. Some of his other big money winners include Dry Clean ($265,821); Dry Oil ($217,905); Dry Dot ($124,521); Dry Doc’s Dottie ($104,608), and Dry Darlena ($102,016).

Dry Doc is on Equi-Stats Leading Maternal Grandsire list. His daughters have produced horses that have won over $6.8 million and they include Dry N Freckles ($288,816); Peppy Polka Doc ($192,795); Miss Peppy Also ($168,342); Haidas Dude ($159,155), and Lena Dry Doc ($155,8040. Dry Doc’s daughter Miss Royale Dry leads to an interesting breeding pattern in the legacy of Poco Lena that comes through linebreeding to

It is obvious that Poco Lena was a great performer, maybe the greatest of all time. It is even more obvious that her legacy will live on thanks to her family of great horses. her sons. Miss Royale Dry was the 1981 NCHA Non-Pro Futurity Reserve Champion, earning $27,988 in the cutting pen. Miss Royale Dry is the dam of Smart Little Betsy. Smart Little Betsy is sired by Smart Little Lena by Doc O’Lena. This makes Smart Little Betsy double bred to Poco Lena through Doc O’Lena and Dry Doc. Smart Little Betsy is the dam of One Ton Dually, the 1998 NCHA Open Futurity Reserve Champion. The 1998 NCHA Futurity Non-Pro

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Champion and the 1999 NCHA Super Stakes Non-Pro Champion is the mare Olenas Dually. The dam of Olenas Dually is Doc Olena Dry by Montana Doc by Doc O’Lena. The dam of Doc Olena Dry is Dry Doc 2, a full sister to Miss Royale Dry. Thus, the dam of the Olenas Dually is double bred to Poco Lena through Doc O’Lena and Dry Doc. Smart Chic Olena by Smart Little Lena shows the influence of Poco Lena on reining and working cow horses. Smart Chic Olena was an all around performer earning AQHA World Championships in Senior Cutting and Senior Reining. He is the sire of horses that have won over $3 million in cutting; over $7 million in reining, and over $3.2 million in working cow horse. His leading money winners include Smart Spook ($405,650) in reining and Olenas Oak ($376,636) in working cow horse. Our listing of descendants of Poco Lena could go on and on. It is obvious that Poco Lena was a great performer, maybe the greatest of all time. It is even more obvious that her legacy will live on thanks to her family of great horses. Author’s note: I strongly felt that it was important to detail the life and influence of Poco Lena in view of her role with the HERDA gene, a gene that produces a genetic skin disease predominantly found in the American Quarter Horse, particularly in lines of cutting horses. Despite this problem the influence of this mare is phenomenal and she will survive because she is the Queen of the Cutters. 

WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE• Equine Health/Fall 2017

Equine Discussions

Sometimes Two Hands Are Better Than One By Cal Middleton There are many misconceptions about neck reining and the idea of riding one-handed versus twohanded. Once you understand the animal, you will know that it is best to start a young horse using two hands and continue using two hands for years. Much later, moving to one hand can be acceptable but is never necessary. And depending on how it is done, can be detrimental in the long run for your horse. When you progress from two hands to one, there shouldn't be a sudden “switch”. It should be a lengthy, smooth transition beginning with your first ride. If you start with the correct teaching techniques, your horse will be balanced with you on his back, and will be well on his way to learning to be guided onehanded. When guiding your horse with two hands, you can touch him with the neck rein, and with the direct rein and legs if needed. When you add pressure to the reins to help get your horse into frame and stay in frame, always start with one rein then the other, and then release in the same manner. This is the way you help your horse learn to balance himself when you use your reins. Many people ride with two hands without ever giving thought to their possible end goal of using only one. A common error when using two hands is to pull and hang on the reins and bit in an attempt to control their horse’s head position with the reins. This leads to the horse leaning on the bit and reins continually, and never learning to hold himself in

proper carriage and balance. Then one day when the rider decides to “switch” to one-handed use of the reins because that's how a particular competition will be judged. This can automatically loosen the reins, the horse is totally lost and subsequently so is the rider. But we know a horse could care less about rules that humans make up for an event that humans also make up. If we care about our horse, he must not be subjected to something he’s not ready for because of a game for which he’s not ready. Always do what your horse needs. What your horse needs is to be taught to balance himself and hold himself up on his own, and to accept guidance and to give to pressure from your hands and feet. Eventually, if training is done correctly, the horse will be able to be ridden with one hand and neck reined easily while maintaining selfcarriage and balance. And the horse will understand what he’s supposed

to do in response to your pressure. I am proud to be an official NRHA judge. (National Reining Horse Association) There are numerous other great horse associations that organize shows and keep track of registrations. I am a member and have competed in many organizations. I do think it's past time for some of these organizations to rethink their rules on the use of one hand versus two hands, and the way they structure their classes for competition. This is true especially for the local clubs that hold weekend shows and are not affiliates of a larger national association. They need to start thinking more about what's best for the horse in those situations and less on rules about what type of headgear is being used on the horse, or how many hands a rider uses on the reins. If a horse is far enough along in his training that he can be ridden onehanded consistently, then it should be shown one-handed. If a horse is not that far along, it should not be shown one- handed. No matter his age, your horse should be ridden two-handed in the show pen until he is trained well enough to confidently show one-handed. Period. The rider and the horse can develop all sorts of issues trying to show a horse one-handed that isn't ready. There is also no reason a horse can’t be shown two-handed in a shank bridle. Showing two-handed is a normal step in any correct training program. I firmly believe that we need to make changes in the rules of


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our associations, and that is one thing that I love about the NRHA. We have numerous classes where you can compete two-handed when your horse is new to the game, or a so-called “green horse.” In the NRHA, you can compete twohanded on any horse if you are a green rider. And anyone can show a green horse two-handed in any legal bit, not only a snaffle. I believe it is crucial for riders to learn to ride and show two-handed before they go to one hand. This is especially true in the case of children. One of the worst things a child can learn is always to guide a horse using one hand. Using two hands is essential for riders to develop an understanding of the horse’s movements and carriage in relationship to the rider’s hands. Since 2007, I have helped to organize a ranch horse competition and horse auction in Kansas City called the KC Ranch Horse Classic. There, riders are allowed to use whatever humane and safe means necessary to help their horses through the show. The rules do not dictate how many hands and what type of bit the riders can use. Ultimately it’s up to the rider to do what's right by their horse. No horse should be harmed by putting him through pressure he isn't ready for, just because he has reached the age that someone decided was the appropriate age when all horses are magically ready to be shown onehanded in a particular bit.

“schooling” your horse. If your club won’t allow this type of “schooling” to happen, consider getting some other people together for support and push to get those inappropriate rules changed for the next year. A possible rule change is to allow horses to be shown for two or three consecutive years in the two handed class before they are required to be shown one handed, and not make the age of the horse a factor. This would allow you the necessary time to help your horse improve, as you prepare him to be ridden onehanded. Rule changes like these in our associations can be only positive. Not only are they good for the horses, but they can greatly increase participation and membership. Once you are working with your horse using one hand, you can still use two hands now and then to help your horse. Even on my aged show horses I will use two hands on a regular basis to help them when they need it, always keeping in mind the goal of showing them one handed in their class. When you’re guiding your horse using both reins in one hand, remember to keep your hand movements small and slow and

expect your horse to look away from the neck rein. This is really just an extension of previous training. Using a bit properly is about offering balance and straightness to the horse. The process of collection, softness, and prompted self carriage all starts with a horse staying balanced and guiding while in motion. Be confident in your training and trust your horse. Turn him loose and let him figure some things out, and solve problems as much as he can himself. Just help him when he needs help following your direction with the reins. Sometimes it’s better to keep your horse two-handed forever. It's not about whether you use one hand or two hands. It's about using them correctly to provide directions to your horse, as you provide energy with your legs. Let your horse make the “how to” decisions on his own, as you keep your balance yourself, and he will not disappoint. This is an adaptation from the book “Cal Middleton On Horse's and Life” published by whirlybird press in 2016. You can find more information at, and please send questions to cal@calmiddleton. com.

Suppose you find yourself in the position of competing in a particular class when your horse is not ready. You have lots of options. You can just pay your fee, and ride twohanded anyway. This can help your horse to prepare for bigger shows to come by letting him have confidence in the show pen. We call this Page 34 WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE • Equine Health/Fall 2017 THE WORKING HORSE • NOVEMBER 2006 Page 34




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Working Lines Pedigree Research Can be a Pandora’s Box Genetic issues travel through even the best lineages. By Larry Thornton One of the sayings I use when discussing pedigrees and pedigree study is “You can’t judge a book by its cover.” Just as you have to open a book and read it to understand what the book is about, so you must also look into the pedigree of a horse to truly know that horse. Simply looking at a horse can tell us a lot. We can evaluate his conformation. If he is a performer, we can see what he can do. For some people that is very important and that can be all they need to know. But those who want to see what makes a horse tick genetically must investigate his pedigree, the paper history of his ancestors that provides insight into his genetic makeup.     

The pedigree shows the breeding patterns and bloodlines that formed this individual. Breeding patterns refer to the use of inbreeding, linebreeding or outcrossing to produce the horse. The pedigree shows the “nick” in the pedigree, the mating of stallions and mares that have produced outstanding individuals. Nicks are the bloodlines

horse. They have always looked to the pedigree to help make wise decisions when it came time to buy, sell or breed horses. It was the way they “opened the book” to see what was inside. The Genome Pedigree study started to change in 2007 with the completion of the equine genome project. The equine genome project brought 70 scientists together from 22 countries to map the genome or the genetic makeup of the horse.

The genome is defined as a full set of chromosomes or all the inheritable traits of an organism. Scientists use gene mapping, constructing a model of The pedigree is a source of the linear sequence of a information often used to chromosome. When the select a prospect. Looking at Impressive was the inspiration for the modern mapping of the what his ancestors were used halter horse. He introduced us to HYPP but chromosomes is complete, for may indicate what his this can be eliminated with the use of modern they have the genome or talents may be. Were his complete genetic history genetic technology, as can with all the ancestors halter horses, undesireable genes identified through the five of the animal. The primary racehorses, cow horses, goal of the mapping of the panel test. pleasure horses or a genome was to study Photo courtesy the author’s files combination of types? Then genetic diseases and looking at the record of these defects to find cures or that have worked well together to ancestral horses indicates if they solutions to the problems these form individuals. Researching the were winners or at least were horses diseases present in a gene pool.   pedigrees of the siblings of a horse that came from bloodlines that have provides information on the nick. the kind of performance desired. The mapping of the genome allowed geneticists to read the genes through The pedigree has been a mainstay in genetic markers. The National The information found in the animal selection since horsemen pedigree is instrumental when Human Genome Research Institute started breeding to build a better making breeding decisions as well. defines a genetic marker as “a DNA Page 36

WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE • Equine Health/Fall 2017

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autosomal dominant genes can mask the autosomal recessive genes. When a pair of genes come together at a given location on the chromosome they present either a homozygous or heterozygous pattern. If the gene pairs have the same code they are homozygous at that location. If the gene pairs have a different code, they are heterozygous at that location.

King P-234 was considered the “cornerstone of the industry” because of his success as a sire. He is the carrier of a genetic defect, but that should not diminish his worth as a foundation sire. We can breed on! Photo courtesy The AQHA Hall of Fame and Museum

sequence with a known physical location on a chromosome.” Genetic markers can help link an inherited disease with the responsible gene. DNA segments close to each other on a chromosome tend to be inherited together. Genetic markers are used to track the inheritance of a nearby gene that has not yet been identified, but whose approximate location is known. The genetic marker itself may be a part of a gene with a function or may have no known function. The development of the genome gave geneticists a tool that allowed them to advance their research at a much faster rate. They now have what they call a gene chip or a computer chip that carries many of the horse’s genes and when the chip

is matched to the genetic information provided by the individual, mutations are noted so that disease and defects can be singled out. The new tools that came from the mapping of the genome have “opened the book” in greater detail bringing modern genetics to the animal industry. Basic Genetics The genome has led to these new tools but some of our genetic knowledge has not changed. We still see that the genes that come together to form an individual are called the autosomal genes on the chromosomes. These are all the genes on the chromosomes other than the sex chromosomes or what determines sex, male or female. We have autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive genes. The

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Geneticists tell us dominant genes are important to breeders because they are “usually” the desirable genes. They also have found that recessive genes are often the source of the undesirable genes. These undesirable recessive genes stay hidden in the heterozygous pattern when paired with a “desirable” dominant gene. Geneticists tell us that even human beings have hidden undesirable recessive genes and they can remain hidden for many generations. Undesirable recessive genes are key to the success or failure of inbreeding, the breeding system used to develop a breed or a family or bloodline within the breed. Breeding closely related individuals that carry undesirable recessive genes increases the chance of exposing the undesirable genes. The goal in inbreeding is to make the offspring homozygous for the desirable genes being selected for in a breeding program. The down side of inbreeding is the exposure of genetic defects that are recessive in the gene pool. The old way to test for genetic defects was to inbreed to see if an individual carried a genetic defect. In the beef cattle industry, a bull was put on a genetic soundness test to determine if he was a carrier of a genetic defect. He would be bred back to his daughters and if the genetic defect showed up in any of the offspring, he was then proven to be a carrier of that undesirable

WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE • Equine Health/Fall 2017

recessive gene. But now, through the genome, researchers can determine the carriers of genetic defects in the lab. Breed Integrity A breed association is a group of breeders that form to record and maintain the pedigree history of a breed. They outline the obligations of their association through a mission statement. The first line of the American Quarter Horse Association (AQHA) mission statement addresses the pedigree obligation of their association: “To record and preserve the pedigrees of the American Quarter Horse, while maintaining the integrity of the breed and welfare of its horses.” From the beginning pedigree verification was a big challenge for the association. Founding members like Bob Denhardt, Helen Michaelis, R. L. Underwood and many others worked to record the correct pedigrees. Sometimes they succeeded and sometimes they didn’t. Thus, we see different pedigrees for some individuals. The biggest problem came from many years of not having a registry and horses were moved around and trading hands without documentation. It wasn’t that anyone was being dishonest; it had to do with memories and how people remember things differently. I remember a conversation I had back in the 1980s with famed Quarter Horse historian and western writer Nelson Nye. Nye, the author of books like “The Complete Book Of The Quarter Horse,” recalled how difficult it was to verify a pedigree. Nye and Bob Denhardt were often at odds on the pedigrees. “It all depended on who we interviewed to determine the right pedigree,” he explained. “I would get a pedigree from one guy and I could go down the road to visit with

This is a great pedigree if you love King P-234. But the linebreeding to King P-234 is scary. This is why we need the five panel test. This mare will be tested in the near future. someone else and get a different pedigree about the same horse.” Back then, Nye was amazed when I told him about the computergenerated information I had in front of me. The interesting part of that information was that I ordered it by phone and the magazine or the AQHA would send it to me by the U.S. Postal Service (snail mail). How times have changed with the internet! This situation of pedigree variation was especially true with match race horses. A horse would hit the racing scene in one place and beat the local horses. In time, it would become very difficult to match a race as the horse’s reputation would precede him on down the road. So, the owner

changed the name of the horse, his pedigree and then he could match the horse in more races. Cutthroat, the dam of Oklahoma Star P-6, is a great example of this name changing. She was Cutthroat to her owner when she foaled Oklahoma Star P-6, named for a scar on her throat from an early injury. She was also raced under the name May Mattson. May Mattson was reportedly an actual mare, a thoroughbred with papers. The pedigree of Cutthroat has been disputed as she was sired by Gulliver, but the last owner of Oklahoma Star P-6 believed she was sired by Bonnie Joe. A third version said she was by Peter McCue. She went into the AQHA Studbook as sired by Gulliver.

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The AQHA took a step forward to fulfill the mission to verify a pedigree when they began working with the University of CaliforniaDavis in the 1960s. The plan was to collect genetic data on the breed. The collection of this data led to the implementation of DNA testing to genetically verify parentage of the horses entering the Studbook. The goal to verify parentage was a significant step to solidify the integrity of the breed. The Five Panel Test One of the worst things a breeder can experience is the loss of a foal just before or right after birth. Genetic defects or diseases can cause the foal to be aborted or die early in life. There are other genetic diseases that attack young horses being started under saddle, making their skin fall off. Some horses tie up after exercise, even experiencing paralysis. Another example of loss comes when a horse put under anesthesia dies. All of these scenarios are the result of genetic defects.

were Glycogen Branching Enzyme Deficiency (GBED); Hereditary Equine Regional Dermal Asthenia (HERDA); Polysaccharide Storage Myopathy (PSSM); Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis (HYPP), and Malignant Hyperthermia Disorder (MH). These are the five genetic diseases that make up the AQHA Five Panel Test. Glycogen Branching Enzyme Deficiency (GBED) is an autosomal recessive genetic defect that doesn’t allow a foal to utilize sugar properly in the skeletal muscles, cardiac muscle and the liver. Glycogen is stored in these muscle tissues until needed by the individual as a source of energy. But this genetic defect prevents that from happening and leads to the death of the foal because there is no energy produced to sustain life. GBED is caused by mutation in the GBE1 gene. GBED is caused when two GBED carrying

genes come together (gg) in the homozygous condition. It has been shown that King P-234 was a carrier of this mutation.   Hereditary Equine Regional Dermal Asthenia (HERDA) is defined as a connective tissue disorder characterized by patches of skin that easily separate from the underlying tissues. The skin literally falls apart. It tears easily and will not heal properly if at all. HERDA is an autosomal recessive gene and thus the animal must be homozygous for the gene (hh) to manifest itself. HERDA is caused by mutation in the peptidyl-prolyl isomerase B (PPIB) gene. This is a genetic defect that appears to have originated with Poco Bueno. Research has shown that his full brother Old Granddad was a carrier. This gives some credibility to Miss Taylor being the source of the gene passing it to her foals.  

Where did these defects or diseases come from? Mutations are the source of genetic defects. Mutations are changes in the genetics of the animal that deviate from the norm. Many genetic defects come from a mutation that appears in one individual. This means that the mechanisms of genetics are not infallible as they can be altered in the development of the individual. This is where the recessives genes come in. They can remain hidden until they meet an allele that is identical. By inbreeding we increase the likelihood of two recessives coming together in the foal when both parents are carriers who inherited the bad gene from the common ancestor. The diseases briefly described above Page 40

Modern cutting would not exist if it weren’t for Doc Bar and Poco Bueno. Poco Bueno brought the dreaded HERDA gene into the mix. Now we can eliminate this genetic defect with wise use of modern genetics. Photo courtesy The AQHA Hall of Fame and Museum

WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE• Equine Health/Fall 2017

Not all genetic defects are recessive and today we have three very prominent genetic defects that manifest themselves when they are present under the right circumstances. They don’t need to be in the homozygous condition to exert their influence on the animal. It only takes one gene to be present to have the condition. But through inbreeding to a carrier we increase the likelihood that the foals will have a double copy of the gene, increasing the effect of the disease. Polysaccharide Storage Myopathy (PSSM) is one of these problems. This one has been around a long time as it is commonly referred to as tying up, Monday morning disease or Azoturia. It occurs in horses that have been worked regularly and then given some time off, perhaps over a weekend, and subsequebtly exhibit the tying up syndrome when they go to work again. This disease also has to do with glycogen. This mutated gene prevents the body from stopping the production of glycogen and the body can’t utilize all the glycogen produced and thus the horse exhibits such things as cramping, lack of energy, trembling after they are exercised and so on. It is more common in heavily muscled breeds as well.  PSSM is caused by mutation in the glycogen synthase 1 (GYS1) gene. There is also a Type 2 PSSM and researchers have not determined the cause or causes of this type. As an autosomal dominant gene, this one can express itself in the heterozygous condition (Pp). The PSSM mutation can be found in as many as 20 different breeds including several work horse breeds. The breeds include Shire, Percheron, Belgian, Suffolk, Irish Draught, Halflinger, Fjord, Quarter Horse, Standardbred, Arabian and the Warmbloods.   An added note: Many breeds have ties in their origin to the Irish Hobby

Horse, including Irish Draught and the Quarter Horse. Work horses such as the Percheron and the Arabian are also on the list and they may have contributed to the quarter horse. Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis (HYPP) affects the metabolism and the transport of sodium in and out of the skeletal muscle. It is a defective sodium channel that causes an electrolyte imbalance in the animal. Death can be caused by the animal not being able to breath or because potassium levels are too high as a result of the electrolyte imbalance. Muscle contractions the issue, with the muscle contracting or closing too

In pedigree research the names King P-234, Poco Bueno and Impressive present an overwhelming view of the problem a genetic defect can cause when associated with a great individual or individuals. soon. HYPP is also an autosomal dominant gene and can be expressed in the heterozygous condition (Hh). HYPP is caused by a mutation in the SCN4A gene. The source of this defect was the great halter stallion Impressive.   Malignant Hyperthermia Disorder (MH) is a mutation that causes a malfunctioning calcium-release channel in skeletal muscle. This causes excessive calcium to be released causing a hypermetabolic state (increased metabolism) and may result in death. The disease occurs with the use of the

anesthetic halothane, a muscle relaxant succinylcholine and the animal being under stress. This causes an increased muscle metabolism, fever often exceeding 109 degrees F, excessive sweating, high heart rate, abnormal heart rhythm, shallow breathing, hypertension, muscle rigidity, breakdown of muscle tissue, muscle protein in the urine and/or death. MH is an autosomal dominant gene and thus can be expressed in the heterozygous condition (Mm). It is caused by mutation in the ryanodine receptor 1 (RYR1).   The AQHA has a sixth test called the androgen insensitivity syndrome. This disease causes male horses to have female physical attributes. It is not required for registration or for breeding animals.   The American Paint Horse Association is implementing a fivepanel test for the diseases listed above on all breeding stallions as of January 1, 2018. They will also require a genetic test for overo lethal white syndrome. This is a genetic disease that produces an almost pure white foal with underdeveloped nerves in the intestinal wall. This defect makes it impossible for the foal to process food and pass feces resulting in the death of the foal. This disease has a direct connection to the overo coat pattern in the Paint Horse. The SCID test may be a test for quarter horse breeders as well because some quarter horse bloodlines carry the overo color pattern.   Overcoming The Problem In pedigree research the names King P-234, Poco Bueno and Impressive present an overwhelming view of the problem a genetic defect can cause when associated with a great individual or individuals. Not all the horses that descend from these three stallions are carriers of the genetic diseases associated with them. But

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these three stallions have had a great influence on the quarter horse through their descendants. King P-234 was advertised as the “cornerstone of the industry.” He came by that title honestly as he sired 658 foals in a time when science hadn’t played a big role in the breeding of foals though artificial

Poco Lena has been proven to be a carrier (of HERDA). Poco Lena produced Doc O’Lena and Dry Doc when bred to Doc Bar. Doc O’Lena and Dry Doc were carriers and linebreeding to these two horses has expanded the influence of this genetic defect.

insemination. He was a leading sire with his foals earning 84 ROM with 13 superior award winners and 20 AQHA Champions. His daughters produced 50 AQHA Champions. His sons include the major sires Royal King, Continental King, Hank H, Power Command, King’s Pistol and of course Poco Bueno. Poco Bueno became one of the first AQHA Champions. He was a wellknown cutting horse that introduced power to the modern cutting horse. He sired 403 registered foals with 84 ROM, 36 AQHA Champions, 33 superiors award winners. He sired three NCHA Hall of Fame cutting horses including the World Champion Poco Stampede, the fivetime AQHA Reserve World Champion Poco Lena and the AQHA

top ten finalist Poco Mona. Impressive was the first AQHA World Champion Aged Halter Stallion in 1974. He sired 2,250 registered foals with 29 World Champions. His get include 68 halter ROM with 146 Superior Award winners in halter and 118 performance ROM with 32 performance Superior Award winners. He sired 24 AQHA Champions.   The problem of perpetuating these defects through stallions like these is compounded through inbreeding or linebreeding. The HERDA gene is a prime example as this gene is widespread in the modern quarter horse, especially the cutting horse. Poco Lena was a great performer sired by Poco Bueno. (See “Mares with More” on page 26.) This mare influenced the pedigrees of some great horses. Poco Lena has been proven to be a carrier. Poco Lena produced Doc O’Lena and Dry Doc when bred to Doc Bar. Doc O’Lena and Dry Doc were carriers and linebreeding to these two horses has expanded the influence of this genetic defect.   An interesting side note here: Research by Nena Winand at Cornell University along with Dr. Ann Rashmir at the University of Mississippi led to the discovery of the HERDA gene. Winand recently reaffirmed that she never found that Poco Tivio was a carrier of the HERDA gene.   So how do we eliminate these genetic problems? The mode of transmission is a key to overcoming the problem. GBED and HERDA are recessive genes. This means that both parents must be carriers and pass their genes on to the foal to produce a positive for the disease.   This is where the five panel test comes into play: All stallions must

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be tested to determine if they are carriers or noncarriers. This allows the breeder to breed away from the defect. If his mare is a carrier, then the foal will only be a carrier when the mare is bred to a noncarrier. This gives the breeder a 50/50 chance that the foal will be a noncarrier. HYPP, PSSM and MH are autosomal dominant and that means that a carrier can show the defect. When the foal produced has a double copy of the gene in question, then the effects are more significant. This should be avoided always because of the mode of transmission.   This makes the five panel test more

It has been found that a HERDA carrier is affected by the gene giving the tendons, ligaments and muscle in that individual more flexibility, a key factor in the ability of a good cutting horse. significant to the breeder as the autosomal dominant gene is much more devastating and difficult to eliminate. If the mare is a carrier and is bred to a noncarrier, then it is a 50/50 chance to eliminate the gene. But if you breed and get a carrier you have a horse that will exhibit the disease.   The fly in the ointment with these genetic defects has to do with how some of them can change performance. Research has found that the HYPP gene will enhance muscle size in the horse. This at one time was considered a plus to the halter horse exhibitor. The only

WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE • Equine Health/Fall 2017

alternative was to control the disease through diet and that doesn’t necessarily work as this disease can manifest itself at any time.     It has been found that a HERDA carrier is affected by the gene giving the tendons, ligaments and muscle in that individual more flexibility, a key factor in the ability of a good cutting horse. To some this makes the carrier more desirable as the animal is more flexible in the cutting pen.   Thus the recessive genetic defects can be like a two-sided coin with a positive and a negative effect. By breeding a noncarrier to a carrier of a recessive there is the risk of passing the gene on. This can be good if the objective is the desired flexibility. This is acceptable if you don't breed the horse and the undesirable gene remains “hidden”. The negative side of these genetic diseases is the continued perpetuation of the undesirable gene, keeping it in the gene pool. This doesn’t necessarily improve the breed and that is part of the mission of a breed association.   The article “Applied Genetics” by Abigail Jeffries in the August 2017 Equus magazine reports from another source (Animal Genetics) that the level of Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disease (SCID) in Arabians has remained constant, but the number of homozygous horses is at zero in the breed. SCID

is a genetic disease that inhibits the animal’s ability to produce white blood cells necessary for the immune system to fight infections. The AQHA and APHA mandates that require all breeding stallions to have the five panel test completed before their foals can be registered places the responsibility on the stallion owner and leaves the mare owner out of the equation. But the mare owner has a responsibility to know their mares and the genetic information they carry into the breeding shed. The mare should have a five panel test as well as the stallion.     The new century brought a new era in horse breeding, while at the same time the cost of breeding our horses has gone up. Some people have noted that the cost of the AQHA Five Panel Test is expensive. It is only expensive if you don’t do the test and you lose your foals to the effects of one of these diseases. Now that is expensive.   The five panel test is at the root of the integrity of the breed. We all know we want to breed a better horse and the more information you have the better you can make wise decisions when you buy, sell or breed your horses. That means the more we know about the pedigree of our horses the more we know about the book we open with that pedigree.


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Iowa Breeders Cutting Futurity The 26th Annual Iowa Breeders Cutting Futurity was held as a Class within a Class with the Iowa Cutting Horse Association’s Futurity on August 18-19, 2017 at the National Cattle Congress in Waterloo, IA Three Entries in the 3 Yr. Old Open and two Entries in the 3 Yr. Old Non Pro sired by Iowa Breeders Nominated Stallions competed for a total purse of $6,955.00. Three Year Old Open First Go winner was Wileys Lil Redhead sired by nominated stallion, Wiley Cat, owned by Gary Henderson of Anamosa, IA, and shown by Carlos Pacheco of Byron, IL, with a score of 122 receiving a check for $1,251.90. Three Year Old Open Second Go winner was One Time N Cat sired by nominated stallion, Reyce For Time, owned by Catelyn Hall of Neligh, NE, and shown by Kevin Daniel of Norfolk, NE, with a score of 138, receiving a check for $1,251.90. Three Year Old Open Non-Working Finals winner was One Time N Cat

Winner of the 3-yr.-old Non Working Finals, with (left to right) trainer Kevin Daniel, owner and rider Catelyn Hall, Iowa Breeders president Dave Eberline, and rider’s mother, Luan Hall. with an accumulative score of 258, receiving a check for $1,669.20. Three Year Old Non Pro First Go winner was One Time N Cat sired by nominated stallion, Reyce For Time, owned and shown by Catelyn Hall of Neligh, NE, with a score of 139, receiving a check for $834.60. Three Year Old Non Pro Second Go winner was DLB Blue Jule sired by

nominated stallion, Oaks Jule Star, owned and shown by Brianna Bucholz of Maiden Rock, WI, with a score of 131 receiving a check for $834.60. Three Year. Old Non Working Finals winner was One Time N Cat with an accumulative score of 269, receiving a check for $1,112.80. There were no entries in the 4 Yr. Old & 5/6 Yr. Old Open & Non Pro. Show sponsors were Waverly Sales Co., Denny’s Trailer Sales, Reid Hockenson, Landers-Ulfers Insurance, Highview Animal Hospital, Lincoln Savings Bank, Dave Eberline and Econo Lodge Inn.

Three Year Old Open Champion One Time N Cat shown by Kevin Daniel of Norfolk, NE. Page 44

The 2018 Nominated Stallions will be listed on web site www. If you own a mare sired by a nominated stallion, she may be nominated and bred to any stallion with resulting foals being eligible for the Iowa Breeders Cutting Futurity.

WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE • Equine Health/Fall 2017


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WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE • Equine Health/Fall 2017

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SALES RESULTS Legendary Bloodlines Sell at Copper Spring Ranch/Myers Performance Horses Sale Story & Photos provided by Larry Larson Combining legendary bloodlines– already proven on the racetrack and in the performance and rodeo arenas –and adding years of building strong reputations led up to one of the top Quarter Horse Arena Prospect sales in the nation for 2017. Combining forces, the 3rd Annual Myers Ranch/ Copper Spring Ranch Performance Horse Sale was held August 26 at the CSR Arena,Bozeman, MT. In one of the last offerings of progeny sired by Frenchmans Guy, high seller honors this year were shared by Take The Fame Guyz and Vision Of Guyz–both sired by him and leaving the ring at $62,000.

The 2015 Buckskin Mare Visions Of Guyz left the ring on a bid from Rob Plendl from Iowa. Her dam is the mare Moon Visions SI 89 by multiple Stakes Sire Visionarian SI 94 and out of a daughter of one of the nation’s top proven barrel sires, Marthas Six Moons SI 99.

by Furyofthewind SI 96 was Royale Trade, a 2015 brown mare out of Dynasty Royale by First Down Dash SI 105 and out of a daughter of Rare Form SI 120. Bidding stopped at $21,000 and she found a home with Meg and Frank Anderson from Montana.

“Fifty percent of our buyers were represented as repeat buyers and we are honored that they continue in our program,” said one of the Myers’ family. “We were also excited to see many new faces in the crowd.”

Auctioneer for the 2017 sale was Lynn Weishaar, Reva, SD, and announcer was John E. Johnson from Piedmont, SD. Live Internet coverage of the preview and sale was handled again this year by Michael Cloward from 3-2-1 Action Video, Fort Worth, TX.

The Copper Spring Ranch consignments included their high seller Dash To The Lane–a 2015 Out of the Myers Ranch broodmare palomino mare sired by the nation’s Disarray SI 89 by Dash Ta Fame SI leading barrel sire Dash Ta Fame SI 113, the proven cross produced the 113, and out of Lanes Liberty Belle, 2015 Gray Gelding Take The Fame their daughter of Lanes Leinster SI Guyz–a full brother to the 2011 #1 101. She left the ring on a final bid of $39,000 from Jeff and Brenda Wills from Canada. CSR also offered the 2015 sorrel mare This Fame Is Serious and Mike Ingram from Montana had the bid at $37,000. Also sired by Dash Ta Fame SI 113, she is out of their ranch Take The Fame Guyz by Frenchman’s Guy was mare Betta one of the high sellers at $62,000 to Shelly Takeme Shields of Canada. Serious, a 1D futurity horse in the nation, Guys daughter of Frenchmans Guy and a Famous Girl with LTE of $110,000. full sister to the 2009 BFA Futurity Strong interest prior to the sale and Champion Guys Cash Perks. active bidding ended with Shelly Shields taking him home to Canada. The high selling consignment sired Page 46

Copper Spring Ranch, a state-of-theart facility located on the south edge of Bozeman, is owned by Karen Gilhousen. The ranch stands Prime Talent SI 107, one of the fastest son’s of World Champion Sire Corona Cartel SI 97. A Stakes Winner of $101,614, he is the sire of multiple AAAT runners with speed Indexes of 100-121, Progeny Earnings of $1.6+ million and now producing winners in the barrel racing pen. Copper Spring Ranch recently added the proven sire Furyofthewind SI 96 to their stallion battery. With LTE of $70,554, he has progeny earnings of $5.8 million and sired a BFA Year-End Futurity Champion and 2017 Old Fort Day Super Derby Finalist. New to their program in 2017 is the addition of the gray stallion Firewater Canyon. Sired by World Champion Producer and NFR Qualifier sire Fire Water Flit, he is out of the Multiple NFR Go-Round Winner and Barrel Futurity & Derby Champion Mulberry Canyon Moon with $400,000+ in Rodeo & EquiStat Earnings.

WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE • Equine Health/Fall 2017

Myers Performance Horses, owned by Bill and Deb Myers and their sons Chad, Billy, Brandon and Brady, is situated in a picturesque area of the Black Hills between Spearfish and St. Onge, SD. It is home to leading sire Frenchmans Guy, the still vibrant 30-year-old sire of earners now exceeding the $11 million mark. He is joined in the breeding shed by a proven son, A Smooth Guy, and Cowboys Cartel, a AAA runner sired by Corona Cartel SI 97.

The Copper Spring Ranch’s high seller was Dash To The Lane for $39,000 from Jeff and Brenda Wills from Canada. High selling consignment sired by Furyofthewind was Royale Trade, a 2015 brown mare out of Dynasty Royale, for $21,000 by Meg and Frank Anderson from Montana.

Young stallions currently being introduced into their program include three Frenchmans Guy sons–Ima Special Kindaguy, This Guyz A Keeper and Mr Sassy Frenchman. They have also added the 2015 buckskin stallion Lucky Wonder Horse as a strong outcross on their program mares. A son of First Down Dash SI 105, he is out of 2017 Barrel Racing Money Earner Rosas Cantina CC. The buckskin daughter of Corona Cartel SI 97, currently being campaigned by Lisa Lockhart, has Lifetime Earnings of $35,000+ to date and is out of an NFR Qualifying daughter of Dash Ta Fame SI 113 with LTE of $150,000+.

92 Horses Sold at WYO Sale

The 17th Annual Fall Sale held by the Smith family and H.B. “Woody” Bartlett, DVM, in Thermopolis, WY, was September 9. A total of 92 geldings, mares and weanlings were sold. An outstanding set of 27 aged geldings were sold for an average of $15,343, with the top 10 bringing $22,650 and the top 20 coming in at $17,775. Two geldings topped the sale at $35,000 each. Running Candy, a striking deep bay gelding and Oozin The Blues, a blue roan tied for that spot. They will make their homes in Tennessee and California respectively and were offered by Bill and Carole Smith

Thirty-two horses started under saddle, two one-year-old geldings and one mare, bred and raised on the Bartlett Ranch Wyoming, averaged $4,981. These Bartlett youngsters, always a popular commodity with buyers, are known for their kind dispositions, good bone and foot and the fact that they have run out in big ranch country. The top selling two year old was a dazzling buckskin gelding, Lil Dynamite Shines, by Wyo Sparky Shines, selling for $10,250. He’s Texas bound. Seven home raised yearlings commanded an average of $2,171. Bill and Carole Smith’s Wyo Scottish Kate, a buckskin roan mare by ELS Scottish Nick, brought the

highest bid at $5,000 from a Montana buyer. Weanlings proved to be very popular with the buyers. Twenty-nine sold for an average of $1,840. These fillies had been weaned for six weeks and had had a lot of handling, were halter broke, had their feet trimmed, were bathed, wormed, hauled and well fed. The highest selling weaning was Woody Bartlett’s, a pretty palomino mare by ELS Scottish Nick and out of a daughter of Handle Bar Doc. She brought $3,000. The 2018 May Sale will be held on the 19th in Thermopolis, WY. For complete results go to www.

WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE • Equine Health/Fall 2017

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Calendar of Events October 2017 5


Arrow P Equine Sales Tulsa Stockyards, Tulsa, OK First Thursday Every Month 918-343-2688

Twin Cities Quarter Horse, Paint and Appaloosa Sale Randolph, MN 507-263-4200

November 2017

Jamison QH Production Sale 2 Lufkin, TX 785-754-3639



Arrow P Equine Sales Tulsa Stockyards, Tulsa, OK First Thursday Every Month 918-343-2688

Sulphur River Fall Celebration Hagansport, TX 2-18 903-632-5458


CO Draft Horse & Equipment Auction Adams Cty Fairgrounds, Brighton, CO Harley D. Troyer Auctioneers 11 970-785-6282 6-7 6666 Return to the Remuda Sale Four Sixes Ranch, Guthrie, TX 855-674-6773 11 10

Simon Horse Company All Breed Horse, Tack & Hay Sale Randolph, MN 507-263-4200

Simon Horse Company All Breed Horse, Tack & Hay Sale Randolph, MN 17-19 507-263-4200


Farmers & Ranchers Livestock Comm. Fall Colt & Yearling Catalog Sale Salina, KS 24-25 785-825-0211


Waukon Horse Sale 39th Annual Fall Sale Waukon, IA 563-379-0927


NILE Gold Buckle Select Horse Sale & Futurities Billings, MT 406-256-2495


J&B Western Store 32nd Anniversary Store Pillager, MN 877-207-5588

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Horse Creek Sale Douglas Cty Fairgrounds, Castle Rock, CO 970-345-2543 Clovis Horse Sales Winter Horse Sale Clovis, NM 575-762-4422 Premier Equine Sales Fall Spectacular Lufkin, TX 806-268-4500

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WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE• Equine Health/Fall 2017


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Cave Creek :: 4.6 acres located steps

from Cave Creek Regional Park with miles of trail riding. 150x270 arena with cattle pen and turn back alley, striping chute large 3 stall barn, 5 covered stalls, air-conditioned workshop with bathroom, tack room, feed room and round pen. Home is 3317 sq ft, 4 bed/3bath, alder wood doors and cabinets, wood shutters, stone and hardwood flooring, beautiful pool, BBQ area and fire pit, 360 degree unbeatable views.





Central Phoenix :: Rare Central Phoenix horse property with trail access into the Phoenix Mountain Preserves right across the street. Remodeled home with horse set up and arena, trailer parking. Home offers large kitchen with copper and granite counter tops, wood burning fireplace, guest quarters and pool. S U C C E S S I S A L I F E S T Y L E . H I R E T H E R I D I N G R E A LTO R S ®

602.540.3719 Call Kim for more information about any of these listings & additional horse properties in Arizona.


WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE • Equine Health/Fall 2017

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Market Report

Stability in values defines most segments in real estate market

By John Stratman Mason & Morse Ranch Company Trends 2017

So far in 2017 trends in the real estate markets have normalized after the 2016 election cycle. In the case of buyer motivation, value and return on investment are the book ends as buyers seek quality properties where they can see value in the pricing or a desirable yield over time. Buyers remain diligent in their decisions to purchase despite the amount of money available to the market place. Tax deferred exchanges continue to be a relevant factor for the lower and mid-range points in the market, although cash buyers in the higher price market segment continue to outweigh buyers seeking financing, generally speaking. The high end is predominantly cash buyers for purchase, but may seek cash out financing post-closing as a means to use some leverage to their advantage. Areas with proximity to population centers continue to have the most activity with upward valuation trends. Prospective sellers are faced with the constraints of what to do with sale proceeds, whether they are 1031 buyers or otherwise, and the decision to sell or adjust their pricing is driven by the lack of good alternatives. However, the succession of wealth transfer does not defy time, therefore purchase and sale decisions continue to motivate both buyers and sellers. Agricultural Farm & Ranch From the standpoint of agriculture, it is somewhat of a mixed bag regionally. Although most regions

saw a decline in farmland value across the U.S., Texas seems to be bucking the trend with a 6.3 percent gain in value. Farmers and ranchers will most likely face flat commodity prices through harvest at near breakeven production levels, so change will be driven by either life events or a change in commodity prices.

According to the USDA’s 2017 Land Values Summary Report, “The average acre of cropland is worth $4,090 across the U.S., a level unchanged from 2016 and the third highest on record. The national average for pasture land is $1,350. Pasture values in South Dakota and the Delta region, which includes Arkansas, Louisiana and Mississippi, showed the highest increase of nearly 3 percent above year-ago levels, while the Corn Belt saw the largest decrease of 1.7 percent from 2016 values.” A change in commodity prices and hence a change in land values will be influenced by U.S. and foreign relationships and the value of the U.S. dollar. Generally, inventory is limited for good to excellent quality farm and ranch lands as sellers continue to have high expectation of selling prices. Recreation and Lifestyle Recreational luxury properties continue to improve in value over year ago as the stock market sustained a healthy year to date growth rate between 10-11 percent. Although some analysts report stocks are overvalued and a price correction is in the future, investors continue to stay optimistic for continued U.S. corporate profit growth as we proceed into the final quarter of 2017.

and luxury market is very active as large properties are being readily shown and contracted when a buyer’s wants and needs are met. The mid-range of the market from $3 million to $10 million continues to be the most difficult price points to attract buyers. There is good activity on the lower end of the price spectrum below $3 million where the buyer pool is larger and interest rates remain relatively low historically. Expectations We expect the remainder of 2017 and early 2018 to be very active in all sectors. Stable credit markets will drive buyer demand as buyers seek value opportunities. Limited inventory of larger properties will continue to drive prices upward in the market. Pricing on mid-range inventory will be determined by accurate valuations by brokers and sellers to attract buyers. Taking a closer look at specific markets, we observe the following trends: Working ranch prices have stabilized and are seeing regional increases in value due to the demand for grass pasture and hay as a result of the improving cattle market after the downslide of the last two years. The increase in cattle numbers as well as the effects of weather, such as the drought in the upper Great Plains, has fueled the demand for both feed and land. The inventory of working ranches is tight; however, the generational shift continues to bring new product to the market as family ownership changes. The uncertainty of comparatively low capital gain taxes and the possibility of increasing interest rates should be weighed by sellers as they decide on their real estate marketing plans.

The upper end of the recreational

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WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE • Equine Health/Fall 2017

Escape Winter at this Arizona Ranch

Looking for your “escape” ranch in the warm Arizona desert? Want to rope cows morning ‘til night outside instead of freezing indoors? Toss that heavy Carhart coat! Pack your lightweight gear! This turnkey winter camp in Tucson is the answer to your dreams! ✪ Nearly 10 acres ✪ Fully fenced, cattle pens, irrigated traps ✪ Updated, fully furnished (down to the dishes)! double wide (2,361 sq. ft.) ✪ Guest house ✪ 3 RV hook ups ✪ 8 stall block barn with pipe turnouts


Farmland values are a mixed bag. Regionally most areas have experienced a decline in value from 2016. The better farms however have held value within 10 to 20 percent of their highs, while marginal producing farms have been difficult to market. Texas is bucking the trend in 2017 with an increase in farmland values. Areas with specialty or perishable crops such as vegetables, nuts and tree fruit are seeing continued upward prices, especially in light of demand form the myriad of investment funds seeking agricultural assets. There is, however, still strong interest from large and small investors as well as family farm operators for market priced farmland and the favorable interest rate environment will keep that demand intact for now.

Recreation and lifestyle properties include several sub-categories: hunting and fishing properties, horse properties and rural lifestyle and estate properties. Hunting and fishing properties have been slow to sell as buyers remain cautious about future economic conditions. The upper end of quality hunting and fishing properties continues to show the most activity based upon limited inventory and readily available funds. We continue to note that “niche” markets for recreation and lifestyle properties will see varying results, due to geographic considerations, lifestyle choices, proximity to amenities such as outdoor recreation, equestrian events, quality of hunting, live water, proximity to population centers and the economy. These factors generally

will influence the trend of recreation and lifestyle properties going forward. The market has noted several large recreational ranch sales where the selling price was significantly off the listing price indicating buyers continue to be vigilant in seeking value. Overall, we are optimistic about the markets we serve as available inventory and value based pricing continue to dominate the market place. At Mason & Morse Ranch Company we are active in selling real estate in many states. We have well qualified agents that are experts in their fields and they are prepared and available to assist you with your real estate buying and selling needs.

WORKING HORSE MAGAZINE • Equine Health/Fall 2017

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we live it to know it

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Mason & Morse Ranch Company specializes in the sale of

working ranches, pasture, agricultural farms, forestry timber, hunting & recreational properties across the United States from South Carolina to Oregon and Texas to Montana. Combined our agents offer clients more than 133 years of experience in ranch, farm and luxury recreational land sales. Professionalism, experience and a commitment to the client has developed Mason & Morse Ranch Company into one of America’s leading premier land brokerage firms. | 877-609-7791

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Located in central Oregon, this property offers the ultimate; with majestic views of Mount Bachelor, 3.6 mile stretch of the Little Deschutes River and a mastercrafted mountain log home on a heavily treed 700-acre ranch. $9,500,000. Contact Robb Van Pelt.


V Heart Ranch runs 450 to 500 cows plus excess hay production located in the San Luis Valley, Colorado. Excellent irrigation water plus 2.5 miles of the Conejos River. Good Improvements with two homes. $4,900,000. Contact John Stratman.


Fishing retreat and premier river ranch with 1.5 miles of Big Spring Creek snaking through the middle of the 475+/acres creating an exclusive and private premier river ranch located in Lewistown, Montana. $3,504,000. Contact Kimberly Lowry.


127 acres is surrounded on three sides by the Lost Creek Wilderness and the Pike National Forest. Custom, home, 3,500 sq ft garage/shop, 8-stall barn with runs and auto waterers, tack & feed rooms, meeting area and a heated 90 x 120 indoor arena. $2,550,000. Contact Eric West.


400 acres of gently rolling hills grading into the Running Creek valley with irrigated hay meadows and excellent buildings including an executive class home, indoor arena and other equestrian facilities located a few miles north of Elizabeth, Colorado. $3,950,000. Contact John Stratman.

Consisting of 2,890+/- contiguous acres located in southeastern Park County about 43 miles SW of Colorado Springs. Historically it has been used for hay production and livestock grazing. Some of the best elk and deer hunting in the area $4,750,000. Contact Robb Van Pelt.


In the NW corner of Nebraska, the 1,800+/acres is a natural habitat comprised of cultivated dryland enrolled in CRP with income, high nutrient native grass pasture, Ponderosa Pine, rolling hills and deep canyons that provide excellent habitat for wildlife. $1,689,700. Contact John Stratman.


Located in Carr, Colorado 79+ acre ranch with home, corrals, stock tanks, loafing sheds and the entire property is fenced and cross fenced. Two permitted wells, zoned AG with healthy grazing ground for your cattle and/or horses. Call for price. Contact Karen Mikkelson.


Located in SE Oregon, this ranch consists of 125,200+/- acres with 22,200 acres of deeded lands capable of running up to 2,800 mature animals year-round. Excellent water characteristics. $12,500,000. Contact Robb Van Pelt. | 877-609-7791

Thinking about Texas?



Brown County, TEXAS / $9,995,000 / 3,900 Acres

IN THE HILL COUNTRY, this ideal ranching, hunting or relaxing retreat offers 20-mile views, rolling hills with mature oaks, miles of trails, abundant water (20+ ponds, 11-acre stocked lake) and a rustic cabin. Currently grazing 200± head of cattle. It has numerous building sites and close proximity to Brownwood amenities. TEXAS STAR RANCH

Montgomery County, TEXAS / $2,195,000 / 82 Acres

ROLLING PASTURES shaded by hardwoods surround a French Country home with formal living and dining rooms, island kitchen, large game room and sunroom overlooking pool and outdoor kitchen. Fenced and cross-fenced, the estate has a shop/barn and three ponds that provide water for livestock. BALANCE RANCH

Caldwell County, TEXAS / $1,865,000 / 131 Acres

TWO HOMES: A remodeled 1950’s home with original features and modern updates and a newer 2-bedroom, 2.5 bath guesthouse. The fenced and cross-fenced property also offers three tanks (two stocked), a windmill pumping water to pastures, two hay pastures, groomed trails, shop, barn, walled arena and gated entry.

Contact us: Tel 936-597-3301




The 372-acre Texas Creek Ranch is an exceptional value. With 3/4 mile of

Texas Creek, this luxury ranch offers many lifestyle and recreational amenities. Improvements complement a landscape of freshwater ponds, meadows, and hillsides of aspen, ponderosa and spruce. The 5,700 SF main residence includes a chef’s kitchen, wine bar, library, great room and ample outdoor entertaining areas. Nearby is the remodeled Western-style three bedroom guest home extensive equestrian facilities, an 1890s homesteader’s cabin and outbuildings for storage and equipment. The ranch boarders 2,400 acres of BLM land, and is very close to 2 million acres of National Forest. Excellent hay production, water rights and 100% mineral rights are included. Asking $5,900,000


Shane Dawson ABR, ALC, CRS, RSPS Owner & Managing Broker (574) DUR-ANGO • (970) 769-2949

Working Horse Magazine October 2017  

Latest issue of Working Horse, serving the horse industry for nearly 20 years.