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The Runaround: Students, Community faculty find OIE dismissing upset by ‘U’ Unhandled bias incident reports leave accused in positions of power treatment of APIA lecturer ACADEMICS

NISA KHAN

Senior MiC Editor

This LSA senior is a model University of Michigan student. Raised in a family of educators, she is beyond attentive in class, constantly present during office hours and dedicates respect to her teachers — she is someone who cares deeply about how she earns her grade in a class. She said she is also an anxious student, to the point of being a perfectionist. It felt like it was these traits, she said, that were taken advantage of by her GSI when he harassed her and several other female students in her Communications class. But what is also comes across surprising to the LSA senior, along with others, is the lack of follow-up from the administration after they spoke about their experiences. It was the first semester of her junior year in the 2016 fall semester and she was taking a class with Assistant Professor Muzammil Hussain. After a particularly difficult exam and an upcoming project, the LSA senior and her group were directed to meet with their graduate student instructor, Naz Khan. Khan was also a law school student. Sitting in Espresso Royale after class, Khan and the group talked for two hours, the LSA senior said, and nothing was related to class. When she said she needed dinner, he offered to take them to a restaurant so they could talk about the project they had not touched on enough. The senior and her female group member wondered if that was even allowed. She said he assured them it was normal for student conferences. There was still no discussion of the class. He began talking about past relationships. She said he asked a question that implied what the potential consequences of having a sexual relationship with a student would be. “I literally was like, ‘I cannot

believe you just said that,’” she said. “And he was like, ‘No, no, no, I don’t have someone in mind.’ He was sitting next to me and I was like, I can’t even look at him right now.” She recalled some of the inappropriate dialogue of that night. “Oh my God … this was the worst part,” she said. “And he said something like, ‘I think about ass and titties all the time.’ And my friend and I were like, ‘I’m sorry?’ I literally was like, jaw-dropped, like, I can’t even believe these words are coming out of your mouth. And he just laughed and he was, like, very much treating us like we were in no way students.” At the end of the dinner, the girls tried to pay, but he took the bill. She said she felt compelled to stay because she felt like her grade was in question. “I was having this horrible internal conflict knowing, like, this is incredibly wrong,” she said. “And yet he’s totally using that because he knows that that would work (with someone like me). I was very aware of the fact that, like, there was some manipulation and I was falling for it … That was the weirdest part.” After the dinner, she said she had other homework and was going to another restaurant to work on it. The GSI continued the conversation — following the girls there. “I shouldn’t care about more an A than I care about my agency and yet it was still enough to get me to stay there,” she said. Later that night, the LSA senior said she had to go home. Despite her insistence she could walk alone, she said the GSI walked her to her apartment building. Once at her apartment, she said he kept trying to stall. She said once she checked her phone, she realized it was dead. “I didn’t expect to be as afraid of that as I was in that moment,” she said. “Like, so then I was like really checking my watch. And he was like, ‘Stop checking your watch’ … And then I was at one

ACADEMICS

Grad, PhD tracks see high rates of anxiety Study shows grad students over six times as likely to have mental illnesses REMY FARKAS

Daily Staff Reporter

A Nature Biotechnology study claims graduate students across the country are more than six times as likely to experience depression and anxiety compared to the general population. Nature Biotechnology attributes these mental health concerns to social isolation, abstract work, job-search pressure and feelings of inadequacy. Laura Monschau, a psychologist at the University of Michigan Counseling and Psychological Services psychologist for the Rackham Graduate School, wrote in an email interview that See CAPS, Page 2

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After 18 years at the University, beloved Emily Lawsin’s contract not renewed MAYA GOLDMAN Daily News Editor

ROSEANNE CHAO/Daily

point I literally yelled at him, I was like, ‘No, stop. I have to go upstairs, I have to go to bed, I have registration for classes at 8:00 a.m., I need to go to bed,’ and he like laughed and was like, ‘Fine, fine.’” But before she could go up, the GSI pulled up Facebook and

showed her pictures of a girl in her discussion section. “He was like, ‘I mean, she’s decent in class but look how pretty she looks in there,’” she said. “He was like, ‘Yeah, I looked at all of you on Facebook before.’” See GSI, Page 3

As a student at the University of Michigan, 2008 alum Aisa Villarosa fell in love with the Asian/Pacific Islander American Studies Program — housed in the American Culture Department — because it allowed her to learn about other cultures and her own heritage; she learned lessons she hadn’t been exposed to growing up in the majority-white suburbs of Detroit. She said she owes this great experience in A/PIA Studies to faculty members, including longtime Lecturer Emily Lawsin. Lawsin has been teaching at the University since 2000. “The number one thing is just how amazing the A/PIA Studies faculty are — the ones that built our experience as undergraduates,” Villarosa explained. When news began to surface earlier this year about the American Culture and Women’s Studies Departments’ decision to not renew Lawsin’s contract, Villarosa took action. Villarosa is now an attorney, and aided in the drafting of updates, fact sheets and a viral petition on Lawsin’s case. These documents can all be found on the A/PIA Alumni Tumblr page, organized by a coalition of

A/PIA alumni. “I think that (Lawsin) is just a really special mentor,” Villarosa said. “So, it’s been quite easy for me to say, ‘Hey, I do have a job, or hey, I have these other things going on,’ but I would support her in a heartbeat. And I think that many other folks also feel the same and it’s been edited in the petition, the website, the Tumblr — these are all just voluntary things, but we are happy to do them.” Villarosa, who wrote an op-ed published in The Daily earlier this month, said she is especially disheartened because the A/PIA program was so strong during her time as a University student, and she

I have a lawsuit against the University. It’s clear that this is an act of retaliation. does not see it as the same now. “I think something really powerful about the A/PIA See A/PIA, Page 3

City Council decides to postpone “Y Bookseller Lot” vote, cites need for further debate agreement CAMPUS LIFE

The new vote is scheduled to take place during a closed session next Monday ALEX COTT

Daily Staff Reporter

The Ann Arbor City Council convened Monday evening to vote on a $4.2 million repurchase of the “Y Lot,” the former site of the local YMCA on Fifth Avenue, from local real estate developer Dennis Dahlmann. The city originally bought the land in 2003 and Dahlmann purchased it four years ago. The council voted to postpone the resolution until April 23, when they will vote in a closed session. The legislation amends the budget to not exceed the $4.2 million from the General Fund. Councilmember Jane Lumm, I-Ward 2, emphasized the vote’s postponement will allow the Council to properly review the implications of the decision and the legal risks of the project. “I’m glad we’re going to take the time and I think there are important objectives to achieve in postponement,” Lumm said. “I would like to see resolving any litigation and avoid risks

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associated with the city holding this property for a long period of time and also avoid the possibility of nothing happening on this property and I will be sending some recommendations

for some milestones because I think it’s imperative that we understand what it would take to proceed with the project and withdraw the lawsuit or the complaint.”

Four years ago, Dahlmann bought the 0.8-acre property for $5.25 million and pledged to revive the vacant lot with affordable housing and See COUNCIL, Page 3

to increase availability

Barnes & Noble will be primary textbook seller, offer free shipping to stores MATT HARMON Daily News Editor

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Mayor Christopher Taylor listens to proposed changes during the city council meeting at City Hall Monday.

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INDEX

Vol. CXXVII, No. 113 ©2018 The Michigan Daily

Starting fall 2018, the University of Michigan will partner with Barnes & Noble College on a new textbook supplier program that works to increase convenient textbook purchases, rentals and returns on campus. The partnership will also reportedly assist students with textbook affordability and provide various price options for conditions of returned books. The program will make Barnes & Noble the primary textbook dealer for the University, requiring the retailer to stock all textbooks and materials requested by professors for their classes. Students will be able to search for their textbooks through an online See B&N, Page 3

NEWS.........................2 OPINION.....................4 ARTS......................6

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CAPS From Page 1 CAPS campus statistics are consistent with the trends in the Nature Biotechnology study. “We are also seeing a sustained increase in graduate students accessing CAPS services with issues of anxiety and depression identified as top concerns,” Monschau wrote. Monschau said 31 percent of CAPS services were provided to graduate students, of the 4,638 students serviced in total. CAPS has begun to target graduate students by providing mental health services specific to their college, positioning CAPS services within the specific University graduate schools. These embedded psychologists allow professionals to tailor their services to the unique

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graduate experiences of students. “In tandem with the extensive work at the CAPS main office, the Rackham embedded psychologist role provides counseling and outreach/work programming around themes unique to graduate student life, including imposter syndrome, increased competitiveness of academic positions post-degree, stress around work/life balance as a graduate students and feelings of burnout and vulnerability,” Monschau wrote. Monschau emphasized the different experiences of graduate students. Students from international and underrepresented communities, she said, are reported to have increased mental health concerns related to microaggressions. “We see many graduate students being forced to

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navigate both the inevitable and increasing pressures of academic life demands embedded in a volatile and stressful overarching political environment,” Monschau wrote. “All of these stressors are greatly impacting graduate students and the intersectionality of these pressures are greatly increasing vulnerability to stress, lack of motivation, diminished concentration and burnout, but to anxiety and depression as well.” Public Health graduate student Alexandra Babcock, a graduate student leader for Wolverine Support Network, said she doesn’t think an increase in mental health problems is as much an issue as awareness of these concerns. “I think a lot of the problems and struggles have existed and people have been suffering in silence,” Babcock said. “I think it’s what people are going to be uncovering.” Babcock said the rigorous academics of the University, research and searching for jobs along with personal pressure are risk factors she’s identified. “I think striking the balance can be very overwhelming as well as the struggles of people moving to a new area,” Babcock said. “They move to a new location and you have to restart your life and that new and uncertain thing and not knowing what your resources are … Coupled with the rigors of the program and the academia are challenging when you don’t have a support system right away.” Babcock said she thinks the University is aware of and values students’ mental health and is working to make sure those resources are available for students. She

said some schools — such as Rackham — have embedded CAPS resources, but hopes more schools can have psychological services. “The pressure in the future will be to make sure the resources are adequate and increasing the resources available to students,” Babcock said. “I think students see a lot of the organizations are f lexible and it’s just making students feel comfortable when they need support or help.” Social Work student Catherine Perez, a member of “We Are People Too,” an organization supporting Social Work student mental health, said she sees resources for anxiety and depression among young adults improving. “I think that now it’s being diagnosed more and people are actually seeking mental health services,” Perez said. “I think the stigma has decreased a little bit.” Perez said mental health can specifically be a concern in the Social Work community because students are tasked with taking care of others and forgetting to take care of themselves. “Mental health matters,” Perez said. “Social Work students are ‘superheroes’ helping their clients and we fail to have self-care for ourselves and we just wanted to build a community to support each other and talk about our own struggles with mental health.” Perez said mental health concerns stem from a buildup of attempting to balance life and work and students feel there is too much to do and too little time. “Especially among grad students and Ph.D. students, we are supposed to be very self-driven and there isn’t too much support from the staff, whereas undergrads have more support; you have to navigate it more on your own,” Perez said.

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COUNCIL From Page 1 commercial developments. However, in February, Dahlmann sued the city for his failed development plans in hopes to gain an additional four years of ownership to complete his plans. At the previous meeting last week, the Council was split with seven in favor and three opposed. Councilmembers Jack Eaton, D-Ward 4, Sumi Kailasapathy, D-Ward 1, and Anne Bannister, D-Ward 1, all opposed the lot purchase. The council also met twice during closed sessions to discuss the litigation.

GSI From Page 1 She further explained that he knew looking for students “would be a problem,” according to the LSA senior. She said he told her that he knew she was in a sorority and that he had to “watch out for you guys.” The LSA senior, at this point, saw someone leave her building and she immediately ran in, saying goodbye. In her apartment, she checked the time. 1:20 a.m. She received several texts from him (Khan had his students text him to schedule office hours). “I just want to stop communicating,” she said. “But in my head I also had the light again, like he could (hurt my grade). He (implied to me) a million times tonight, ‘I have entire authority over your whole grade.’” Later, he texted her that he just graded her exam and that she did very well. The text read, “Kind of makes me think you motherfuckers listen to my rants.” The LSA senior said she wanted to call her mom, but didn’t want her mother to get angry at her for not walking away. In the morning, she said she woke up to another text from him, this time reminding her to register for classes and that he could grab dinner with them again. She said she missed discussion that day and met with Hussain, the class professor. Her email referenced another recently filed student complaint against Khan. In emails obtained by The Daily, she wrote, “This has been weighing on me for about 1.5 weeks now, and I know some sort of action is already underway, but I would really like to meet with you to talk about my experience with Naz.” She said during her discussion with Hussain, he was visibly upset with her story even before she discussed how Khan’s behavior veered towards inappropriate behavior. She said she was pleased how supportive he was in the process. She said she also met with Title IX coordinators, including Pamela Heatlie, associate vice provost for Academic and Faculty Affairs, and Alexandra Matish, associate director of Academic Human Resources. The LSA senior said during her meeting with the officers—in which she recounted her experiences rather than filing a formal report— they appeared to be more concerned with how Khan’s actions violated GSI academic policy rather than the harassment. She said they asked more questions about his academic behavior. “They seemed to be more upset about the schoolwork,” she said. She also explained she did not

B&N From Page 1 portal and ship the required texts either to their home or to the two Barnes & Noble bookstore locations on campus — the current store in Pierpont Commons and the new store in the Michigan Union after the renovations are completed in winter term 2020. Students can receive free shipping if books are shipped to the brick-and-mortar Barnes & Noble locations on campus, and if students complete returns through the physical stores, students will not be charged for shipping the books back from the store. Susan Pile, senior director of University Unions and Auxiliary Services, commented on the process of establishing the new program with Barnes & Noble, noting many factors such as student

Ann Arbor resident Greg Pratt supported the resolution in hopes that the city will develop the land with affordable housing for Ann Arbor residents. “We have the opportunity right now to do what’s right to create a space downtown for people who have been pushed out,” Pratt said. “I think that we should purchase the land and put affordable housing there, workforce housing. People need the housing now and the time is now to do it.” Ann Arbor resident Paquetta Pratt further highlighted the need for wider inclusion through these affordable housing measures and believes the city can correct

its previous mistakes in earlier purchase deals. “Unless you can afford the almost $1,000 or more for a onebedroom apartment, then you are going to be excluded from this community,” Pratt said. “Even though yes, maybe the city did do the wrong thing waiting all this time, you can rectify it by doing it now. We need the housing now and we really need it.” However, Ann Arbor resident Elizabeth Nelson opposed the resolution. Based on the previous purchase history of the land in 2003, she believes the City has not made any strides to develop realistic development goals.

get to tell her whole story — though she did send them a full written draft of her experience. She clarified OIE staff did not appear intentionally uninterested in her story, but were more concerned about the details and the timeline of that night. “They are not counselors. It didn’t shock me,” she said, further saying that they were welcoming in their the conversation. At that point, the LSA senior said she had told her story so many times, she wasn’t as anxious. She didn’t follow up with the coordinators she spoke with, she said, but she did not get an update either. However, the LSA senior said she didn’t expect Khan to still be around following her complaint. “I passed him on the street this year and had a mini-panic attack, like, in the 30 seconds that we passed each other … But he didn’t say anything to me,” she said. “I don’t even know if he recognized who it was, but I called my friend and she was like ‘Yes, he’s still around and I see him at the gym all the time,’ so I don’t go to the IM Building (Intramural Sports Building) because I am really not trying to run into him in any other circumstances.” As it turns out, a very similar story was happening to her classmate. *** Earlier this semester, the University released its 2017 report on prohibited student conduct, finding a 40 percent increase in reported misconduct from the previous year. The Office for Institutional Equity received 281 reports and conducted 28 investigations. The OIE concluded after 28 investigations that eight policy violations occurred over the past year. The cases comprised five sexual assaults, two incidents of stalking and a violation of interim measures. The report stated the OIE carried out disciplinary action for these violations, including educational measures, restriction, suspension and expulsion. University spokesman Rick Fitzgerald said though there is no way to determine a definitive cause for the increase in reports but that an increase isn’t inherently negative — an increase can signify heightened support for survivors and more awareness of the University’s system for investigating assault. “Reports go up each year, but that is possibly a good sign,” Fitzgerald said in an interview with The Daily from January. In a Februrary interview with The Daily, Heatlie commented on the proportion of appeals cases. “I don’t know what normal would be under these circumstances,” Heatlie said.

“Unlike, for example, a court system where only the party doesn’t appeal. In our system, either system can appeal.” She said reasons why many people may not report incidents they experience vary on a case-bycase basis. It’s been a year since Heatlie was hired as a Title IX coordinator. She previously worked as the associate director in the OIE and before that, she was a general assistant counsel at Oakland University. Heatlie was previously embroiled in a 2000 scandal at the University of Vermont, where hockey players were partaking in severe hazing. The Vermont Attorney General criticized the administration’s handling of the investigation. Heatlie was part of the investigative team. When asked who was responsible for UVM’s missteps, General William Sorrell said, “I’m not sure where the buck stops. Attorney (Pamela) Heatlie was in charge of the investigation … Attorney Heatlie could have asked to do more.” *** She didn’t think much of texting Khan for office hours. He had put it on the board during discussion for everyone to reach out. When they met up, the second student in Hussain’s lecture — also an LSA senior — was interested in the conversation and saw opportunity for academic guidance and reference. The conversation drifted to her family, in a little more than friendly manner. Then a blonde woman walked into the coffee shop. “He had said something like, ‘You know what? Like I’m not attracted to blondes,’” she said. “And I was like, ‘Why?’ Like it had nothing to do with the context because I remember being like super, super, like, shocked by that. And he was like, ‘Yeah, I mean I think they all look the same.’” Khan said he liked brunettes better. This LSA senior is a brunette. She said it was hard for her to rebuke him: he was a source of information for many students and offered help on exams. Khan even told her he would help her with her internship applications. Again, office hours turned into personal conversation. “He said that he and Hussain, the professor, go way back,” she said. “I felt like I couldn’t approach the professor at one point because if they’re so close, it’d be this weird thing for me to be like, ‘Hey, your good friend … is doing these things and it’s making me feel uncomfortable.’”

and faculty input and affordability concerns went into developing the program. “We were hearing from CSG and other students whose concerns about textbook affordability,” Pile said. “We were also nearing the end of our contract with Barnes & Noble with the closure of the Michigan Union and I think we started to hear from some faculty that the current system for them to select options and make their course material selections and for students to get the books in their hands was also hearing some challenges so I think sort of three things came together at once.” LSA sophomore Zainab Imami said she has had issues with expensive textbook purchases at on-campus bookstores and experienced difficulty finding the correct edition of a textbook online. “Usually using the regular campus bookstores, the textbooks

are really expensive especially compared to renting them or getting them off Amazon,” Imami said. “But then with renting them, you have to send them back eventually also and then when you can’t find a book or the new edition, that’s also frustrating.” However, the new shipping program means textbooks will not be housed in the Barnes & Noble locations, but rather everything will be ordered and paid for through the portal and shipped to the desired location. Associate University Registrar Kortney Briske played a hand in the decision to partner with Barnes & Noble, considering the technological implications of a fully online system. Briske said the ability for professors to weigh their textbook options and merge their Wolverine Access pages with the Barnes & Noble website will be beneficial for both students and faculty.

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“I want to know from this group how buying the ‘Y Lot’ now will be different from the last time the city bought it in 2003 because in 2003 the city had very specific goals in buying it related to affordable housing and I haven’t heard anyone yet pin down a goal for city ownership in buying this property,” Nelson said. “Rattling off every possibility is not a goal … Declaring its potential value is not a goal — the lot had value when the city first bought it in 2003, too.” On the other hand, Ann Arbor resident Jessica Letaw supported the resolution because she believes it will revitalize

Tuesday, April 17, 2018 — 3

downtown Ann Arbor and create a more diverse economic and residential community. “Diversity of youths is the key to unlocking downtown’s potential as a focus of economic and social activity,” Letaw said. “A core goal is to encourage a diversity of downtown housing opportunities and the expansion of the downtown resident population to strengthen the downtown’s role as urban neighborhood and public investments and development compliment to private sector resident investments.” Ann Arbor resident Andrew Stumpff was also in favor of the resolution due to potential

A/PIA From Page 1 Studies Program at its peak was that it was really intersectional,” Villarosa explained. “When I talked to current students today about the A/PIA Studies Program … so many key folks are either being pushed out or feeling unwelcome. The program kind of seems like a shadow of what it was before, which is really too bad because it is a really critical piece of your identity.” Villarosa remembers similar complaints of toxic environment and racial discrimination being discussed in the department when she was a student 10 years ago. *** Lawsin went up for a standard employment review last year. All lecturers undergo what they call “major reviews” every few years, but after 18 years of teaching at the University, Lawsin faced a “presumption of renewal” — her reviewers were supposedly coming into this process with the assumption her contract would be renewed. “I received (the report) in November, right after Thanksgiving, and you read the report and it’s actually going pretty good — really good teaching observations, effective teacher, a really good evaluation score,” Lawsin said. But as she read on, Lawsin realized both departments had decided not to renew her contract. Though she did not wish to disclose to The Daily specific reasons cited by the departments for her non-renewal, Lawsin felt the reasons, combined with the breach in procedure by denying her a presumption of renewal, gave her a strong enough case to submit a rebuttal letter to the LSA Executive Committee. As a member of the Lecturers’ Employee Organization, Lawsin is supported throughout the review process by Kirsten Herold, vice president of LEO and Lawsin’s appointed union representative. Herold was just as shocked by the outcome of the review as Lawsin. “The University has the right to academic judgement when it comes to lecturers,” Herold said. “They have the right to decide who is or isn’t good. But they don’t have the right to be arbitrary ... In a general way, we’ll argue that the judgement that was exercised was arbitrary. They found things they didn’t like about her because they didn’t like her.” Both departments agreed to review Lawsin’s case once

“This system actually gives the faculty member options and it will display prices and different versions of the books,” Briske said. “If the faculty (member) has a specific textbook in mind and it’s very expensive, they can see that price and they might (think) ‘Gosh, that’s a lot of money’ and the system will display other similar textbooks that might be cheaper that would then give the faculty member to choose something different.” Given the second Union storefront won’t be open until the Union renovations are complete, Pile said her office is looking into establishing a temporary Central Campus location for next fall to house the shipment facility. She also addressed the potential lines with students ordering their textbooks the first week or two on campus, claiming the online payment system should shorten delays. “I feel confident in (Barnes

more. In February, they again recommended her termination. In March, Lawsin found out the decision would be upheld by the LSA Executive Committee. She will continue teaching at the University for two “terminal” years, at which point she’ll undergo another review. If her contract is not renewed again, she will have to leave the University. University spokesman Rick Fitzgerald, speaking on behalf of LSA administration, declined to comment. Lawsin said she sees the failed review as a consequence for speaking out about the mistreatment and discrimination she’s felt at the University over the last 18 years. She said she doesn’t know how likely it is she’ll be able to stay on with the University when her next review comes in two years. “I’ve never really met anyone who’s in this position,” Lawsin said. “It’s very unique. I have a lawsuit against the University. It’s clear that this is an act of retaliation.” Lawsin filed the lawsuit in question jointly with her husband Scott Kurashige, a former University professor and Asian American Studies scholar. Kurashige served as the director of the A/PIA Studies Program beginning in 2010, until he was abruptly removed from the position without warning before his term had finished. In 2016, Lawsin and Kurashige filed a legal complaint against the University under the Michigan Elliott-Larsen Civil Rights Act, making claims of racial discrimination and harassment. The Elliott-Larsen Act, passed in 1976, prohibits discrimination based on “religion, race, color, national origin, age, sex, height, weight, familial status, or marital status,” in employment and education, among other areas. Kurashige and Lawsin are represented by civil rights lawyer Alice Jennings. In an interview with The Daily, Jennings said this case is unique because the University has prided itself on prioritizing diversity and equity, especially in recent years. “Despite what some people automatically think about U-M as a wonderful place, there are people who know … It’s not like that all the time,” Jennings said. “Or even sometimes, depending on who you are.” Though Fitzgerald declined comment for this article, he told The Daily in March 2017 the University would not acquiesce to the charges. “We will vigorously defend the University against this

and Noble’s) ability to meet those needs and do that in an expeditious manner and I think the student experience when they actually come in on-site to pick up, it’s really a matter of seconds for that transaction,” Pile said. “It’s really verifying who you are and then retrieving the box of books that you’ve ordered … It should go actually pretty quickly for students.” According to the program description, condition options will be provided so students can choose whether they want to buy as new, used, rental, or digital download packages. An additional up-front “buy-back” price allows students to plan on how much they will receive if they want to sell their books back to Barnes & Noble after the semester, in an effort to help students structure finances and seek out the best deal on a consistently large expense.

economic benefits and increase in Ann Arbor property value over the past four years. “We know that four years ago that this property was worth on the market a million more than the price the city has the opportunity to buy it,” Stumpff said. “During the last four years the value of Ann Arbor real estate has not declined. This property is not worth less than the $5.2 million in 2014. Data shows a 35 percent increase in those four years … The best estimate we now have of this lot is now $10 million.”

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lawsuit,” Fitzgerald wrote in an email to The Daily. “In fact, the University already has filed a motion to dismiss much of the complaint.” The 2016 lawsuit cites a whole slew of situations Lawsin and Kurashige went through at the University, including pay disputes, conflicts with administrators, mishandling of their requests from the Office of Institutional Equity and others. The majority of the issues described in the lawsuit stem from what they feel is an inhospitable environment at the University for faculty of color who speak out about injustice. “I think the pattern of discrimination and filing things on faculty of color or students of color who speak up is a growing problem that stretches back years and years,” Lawsin said. “But the University would like to cover that up.” *** Lawsin, a spoken-word artist and scholar with a master’s degree from the University of California, Los Angeles, began teaching as a lecturer at the University in 2000. She was referred to as a “spousal hire” by the University — a term alleging she owed her employment to her marital status and her husband’s accomplishments, rather than her own. Lawsin isn’t the first faculty member to feel undertones of discrimination in the American Culture Department. Sarita See, a good friend of Lawsin’s, joined the faculty as a tenuretrack assistant professor in 2002 with a joint appointment in the American Culture Department and English Department. At first, she said, the job was like a dream come true. “I felt like my scholarship was really being challenged in exciting ways, because there were so many assistant professors of color pursuing scholarship,” See said. “All of that changed in about five years, when you started to see these colleagues of mine, who became very close friends, start to go up for tenure and start to get denied, and lecturers would get fired.” See soon went up for tenure herself. After obtaining tenure in American Culture and being denied it in English, she appealed the decision, which meant her case would go to the LSA administration for higher review. LSA overruled the decision of the English department, and eventually See received the distinction in both of her departments.

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Imami said this function of the partnership makes the system much more appealing for students who are looking to improve textbook affordability. “If I have the option to look and compare (prices) and then it gets shipped to Barnes & Noble and I can go pick it up, that would be great. It makes a lot of things easier,” Imami said. Pile said this system matches up with current student buying practices — looking online and hunting for the best deal. While a concern about what this partnership will mean for current competitor stores like Ulrich’s, which still houses textbooks in-store, is present, Pile explained students still have the option to shop where they please.

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Opinion

4 — Tuesday, April 17, 2018

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Unsigned editorials reflect the official position of the Daily’s Editorial Board. All other signed articles and illustrations represent solely the views of their authors.

FROM THE DAILY

T

Let’s talk about Adderall

he University of Michigan has an Adderall problem. Some would even call it an epidemic. Despite the University’s increased campaign to recognize mental health on campus, it has failed to address how campus culture fosters the use of Adderall throughout the school. As students become more entrenched in the popular “work hard, play hard” mentality that grips much of the student body, they turn to Adderall to achieve the academic and social success that this campus covets. A recent survey by The Daily found that 24 percent of University students use Adderall, and a 2008 study of 1,800 students found that as much as 81 percent of college students think that Adderall usage is not dangerous at all or only slightly dangerous, despite the fact that the consequences of the illicit use of the drug sit right next to those of cocaine, meth and morphine. However, despite the prevalence of the drug, there is a dearth of University resources to educate or help students that are grappling with its repercussions.

To remedy this gap in resources, the University must increase funding for Counseling and Psychological Services and advertise services provided by Addiction Treatment Services through Michigan Medicine. Over 90 percent of students who use Adderall use it for the purpose of concentrating while studying. These students do not realize the potential negative effects of the drug: notably, its high risk of dependency and potentially lethal consequences if used with other drugs and alcohol. With such a large percentage of students using Adderall without a prescription, it is important that the University provides students with addiction help. Increasing resources on campus is another step the University needs to take to educate its students. Through CAPS, students can take advantage of a variety of treatment services, including two 45-minute confidential sessions of Assessment of Substance Abuse Patterns, individual and group counseling and referral services. These services could potentially help many students, but we have been unable to find clear guides from typical campus health resources outlining where these treatments can be obtained. The presence of Adderall at the University is almost expected. Whether prescribed or non-prescribed, Adderall is a normalized part of campus culture; people try it, use it and depend on it. Though freshmen entrance programs like Haven or AlcoholEdu exist to raise awareness on the dangers of alcohol consumption and addiction, there is no campuswide campaign that addresses the overwhelming prevalence of Adderall at the University. Consequently, most students don’t know much about the drug, and view it through a destigmatized, distorted lens. Because it is considered customary and is easy to acquire, most students don’t realize the medical, legal and moral implications of taking or selling the drug. Adderall is classified as a Schedule II drug by the Drug Enforcement Administration, which means that it maintains a “high potential for abuse, with use potentially leading to severe psychological or physical dependence.” It ranks higher than drugs like Xanax, which is Schedule IV, and is at an equal level with cocaine, another Schedule II drug. In addition to its addiction level, Adderall can spur painful side effects, from insomnia to paranoia. In an interview with the Daily, one student reported that “if

I took it at any acute dose, it would just kind of cause chest discomfort and keep me from sleeping, and I couldn’t get anything done because the chest pain would make me panic.” Aside from short-term side effects, Adderall can also lead to long-term issues and even death. An article in the New York Times described a college student’s fall into depression, anxiety and eventual suicide due to his extreme addiction to Adderall. Despite all this, most students on our campus don’t view the drug as one that can kill because they aren’t aware of its high addictivity and the health concerns surrounding it, especially those students who use it sporadically and recreationally. Along with medical issues, Adderall dealing and use can lead to harsh legal consequences. The length and weight of penalties vary, but according to Michigan law, distribution of Adderall illegally is considered a felony and can lead to serious jail time. Despite this, Adderall dealing doesn’t have the same image as other drug trafficking. On campus, it’s as easy as texting someone in your hall for a pill or two. There are no back-alley deals, and oftentimes, money isn’t even involved. Because it is destigmatized and bred from an intense, competitive school culture, giving someone Adderall may appear to be helpful, not harmful. To some, the need to succeed outweighs the legal risks. Another student interviewed by The Daily ref lected on her Adderall use by saying “I never really thought about it as being illegal to be honest … I feel like a lot of people who don’t have ADD (Attention-deficit disorder) are prescribed Adderall and I don’t think it’s like taking a Prozac or something that is so mentally altering … I don’t think of it as, ‘Oh, this is like a drug.’” Many students at the University echo this mentality subliminally, and by forgetting the legal implications of selling Adderall, we only add to its normalization on campus. The perception of Adderall tends to lack the severity that we ascribe to other performance-enhancing drugs. Adderall has proven to improve students’ performance in rote memory forms of learning tasks, especially over several days or longer, acting as a performance enhancer for exams and tests that require intensive memorization. This can be especially impactful in classes in which performance relies on rote learning. When the difference in letter grade is significantly changed by

the number of concentrated hours one’s mind can dedicate to memorizing in relation to others in their class, Adderall acts as a medically induced upper hand. While this may not be a compelling point to those currently using Adderall to improve their test performance, it should garner the attention of students who are forced to compete with those who use Adderall. The culture of nonchalance on the usage of study drugs can be altered as more people understand and recognize the negative ways their peers’ usage of Adderall affects them. The destigmatizing of Adderall use at the University has blindsided many of these moral implications. In fact, the possible benefits conferred on students who choose to use Adderall are equal to the legup athletes gain when using performance-enhancing drugs. The significant athletic strides made possible with the use of PEDs has led to their outright ban in America by all four major American sports leagues, the National Collegiate Athletic Association and the U.S. Olympic team. Whether they improve muscle regeneration, increase strength or replicate natural hormones, PEDs have been targeted for elimination by sports leagues for some time now, as their use is antithetical to the idea of a level playing field. Competition, whether in sports or academics, should remain driven by natural ability and effort alone. Adderall’s role in the competition for academic success should not be trivialized but should be paralleled to the role of doping and steroids in the scandals surrounding oncehero athletes such as cyclist Lance Armstrong and baseball player Roger Clemens. The widespread and academically motivated use of Adderall on campus can make it easy to forget what exactly it is: a drug. Much like other drugs aimed at enhancing abilities, whether mental or physical, Adderall presents its users with a moral choice. Adderall’s aid of certain academic abilities is one of its innate qualities, and students at the University should recognize as much. For those who view this issue as inconsequential, this much should be remembered: All students, Adderall users or not, play on the same academic field. Thus, we all feel the tilt brought about by Adderall, whether it pushes us up or down. Though Adderall is commonly used in academic settings, it is also prevalent in the college party scene as

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a complement to alcohol. The focus of the University’s efforts to curtail dangerous behavior has been mostly targeted toward alcohol. However, the recent increase of mixing the “study drug” with alcohol should provoke concern because of the possibility of dangerous and unpredictable effects. First of all, the University should take care to educate students on the chemical differences between Adderall and alcohol. Adderall, on the one hand, is a powerful central nervous system stimulant that increases the availability of excitatory neurotransmitters in areas of the brain that deal with focus, energy and alertness. On the other hand, alcohol is a central nervous system depressant that inhibits the function of excitatory neurotransmitters. Alcohol’s status as a depressant reduces the effect of medical stimulants such as Adderall, which leads to the perception that the effects of both drugs are not as pronounced as they would be if taken individually. The physiological effects of

mixing alcohol and Adderall lead people to believe Adderall simply dulls the effects of alcohol. The reality, however, is that even though the effect of the stimulant is altered, the actual content of the drug has not changed at all. This sensation of numbness to the effects of both stimuli can give people the impression that they can party longer, making it easier for them to overdose. The mixing of Adderall and alcohol then has two discernible effects: those in the short term and in the long term. The short-term effects stem from the unpredictable nature of their combination. One minute someone could be within their limit of alcohol intake, and the next they could be suffering from seizures or heart failure as a result of the capricious cocktail of medication plus alcohol. In the long term, a person’s quality of life can suffer from mixed use. A recent study found that simultaneous use of nonmedical prescription stimulants and alcohol by undergraduates was associated with low grade point averages, use of other substances and increased

alcohol-related consequences. The group at the highest risk for Adderall abuse is college students, and therefore the University has an obligation to educate its student population on the consequences. The consumption of Adderall is not only widespread, but students have also become desensitized to its possible severity. To counteract this trend, a possible addition to the AlcoholEdu program of a freshman seminar on the use of unprescribed medication in academic and recreational settings could be a positive step forward for student safety and security. Make no mistake, the nonprescription use of Adderall, Ritalin and similar central nervous system stimulants is a significant issue on our campus. This habit is unhealthy and academically dishonest, and we are calling for the re-sensitization of this issue. There needs to be a sustained, robust conversation about stimulant use on campus and an investment in a public health education campaign on the effects of these drugs.

SARAH NEFF | CONTACT SARAH AT SNEFF@UMICH.EDU

IAN LEACH | COLUMN

A

Politicians, pay your interns

h, summertime. A time for many students at the University of Michigan to head off to big corporations to get the opportunity to earn a meaningful wage and network — an opportunity that can open doors for years to come. These individuals have positioned themselves for success now and in the future. These internships should obviously be celebrated, but what about those who don’t have corporate aspirations? What about the students who have to take an unpaid internship with a political candidate? I come from a pretty low socioeconomic background, and I have perceived how tone-deaf many student organizations are when it comes to money. This is unsurprising when we consider that the median family income here is $154,000 a year. And while I have met a number of people who are supportive and wonderful, I’ve met just as many or more who don’t know or don’t care about the struggles of low-income students at the University. What’s more surprising, however, are the politicians who offer “summer internships” for students who are developing or already have a deep passion for social and political change. These interns could be the next senator, representative or simply an activist for a particular issue they care about. And yet, getting into positions like these requires a lot of funding and experience. I’ll say this right now: If you have a genuine passion for a candidate, it is reasonably easy to get an internship with a campaign. But I want to take a moment to help us sift through the B.S. to understand what an “intern” is, and what a political internship actually does. All of the rules and regulations can be

found on the compliance page for internships, but the glaring issue with the internships that get handed to students is that they are essentially the same jobs that are held by many field employees — individuals who are paid to do work interns are doing. If an intern’s work is what a paid employee could be doing, the intern should then be considered an employee, and this is probably the most egregious part of the entire process. Despite the fact that many individuals do the same work as the field organizers in terms of canvassing or posting on social media, I’ve seen so many students get wrapped into campaigns where they feel like they have to put it before a job or their coursework so they can get ahead. Maybe there are individuals who feel comfortable putting their unpaid internship before school, but not everyone can afford to do so. If an intern is taking the place of what a paid employee can be doing, they are entitled to the minimum wage and overtime wages. Now, I understand that these criticisms can be — perhaps unfairly — levied on the candidates who already support improving labor practices. The argument might be made that political internships are a practical step in getting these labor policies in place. But if for whatever reason, a candidate has to step on and marginalize a group that already has the potential to be exploited — low socioeconomic status folks — they should not be the ones in office. At a staff-wide meeting of an internship with a political candidate that I worked with, we were told that if we didn’t go through a “40-hour week,” we should get out of the campaign, for it would jeopardize our

letter of recommendation. They verbatim asked us to skip classes during get-out-the-vote drives if it interfered with our class times. These perhaps well-meaning employees understandably have one goal in mind, but this goal shouldn’t replace the importance of taking care of the people who are supporting the campaign. That includes the interns. As radical as it may sound — side note, it isn’t — I’m merely asking for politicians to pay the individuals and students who want to get involved in the political experience. I understand that not every volunteer can be paid, and many times getting paid internships involves getting experience beforehand. Individuals who volunteer for a political campaign can choose to dedicate their time working in jobs that are less time-intensive, such as phone banking. And I can really see where, if politicians can pay their interns, programs like the LSA Internship Scholarship can help supplement the costs of living on campus during the summer to get these opportunities. Of course, a scholarship certainly won’t excuse the rhetoric about improving labor relations while ignoring your own, for all intents and purposes, employee. This won’t hurt the politicians who don’t care about their employees and are only trying to support corporations and businesses. What I do know, however, is that if politicians don’t change the status quo, we’ll be stuck in the same idea that has been implied for the past 200 years — people are expendable and a means to an end. Politicians should be better than that.

Ian Leach can be reached at ileach@umich.edu.


Arts

5 — Tuesday, April 17, 2018

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MUSIC NOTEBOOK

ARTIST PROFILE

The ecstasy of critiquing: Thank you Daily Music SALVATORE DIGIOIA Daily Arts Writer

COURTESY OF THE ARTIST

Alum Emily Blumenthal talks fashion and IDHA TESS GARCIA

Daily Style Editor

It has been just four days since my encounter with Emily Blumenthal, and I’ve already ordered new business cards. “You should always have a business card, regardless,” she advised me from our table in Espresso Royale last Friday. A gold nameplate necklace reading “Handbag Designer” dangled from her neck. “No matter what.” That’s just a mere glimpse into the tenacity and altruism that comprise Blumenthal’s character. Perhaps better known by her alter ego (and book title), Handbag Designer 101, the University alum is the founder of New York City’s Independent Handbag Designer Awards, a one-of-akind event dedicated to providing opportunities to upcoming handbag designers from around the globe. “I had my handbag line, I had a licensing deal that was going south, but I had written a template for the book, ‘Handbag Designer 101,’ and I said to my agent: ‘When’s this book deal gonna happen?’” she said of the IHDA’s origins. “She said: ‘You don’t get a book deal just because you started a template for a book,’ and I said: ‘But I have all this time!’ So I said: OK, what about an awards show for handbag designers? Because people have tried to put handbags in a bucket of accessories, and anybody who knows anything about fashion or even retail, knows handbags are very much their own category ... I went around to the people who I had worked with in the past and started saying: ‘Would you be a part of this? We’d create a category around a specific qualification within handbags.’ And everyone said yes. It was funny.” In conversation, Blumenthal referred to herself as “garmento offspring,” meaning her family hails from the garment center. According to her, growing up in that environment shaped her future in fashion. “It’s funny because I don’t think, necessarily, when you fall into something, it may not actually be your passion, but it seems to be your path,” she said. “I think once you fall upon that path you realize: ‘I think this is what I’m supposed

to be doing because this might be what I’m good at.’ Now, are handbags, per say, what I’m good at? No. I wouldn’t say so. I never had formal training, but I can look at a handbag, I can identify its strengths, its weaknesses, I can see why it worked, why it won’t work, and then from there, after time, you really learn how to reverse engineer a process to see where the success will lie in the item itself. And I think that, and then in terms of teaching, entrepreneurship, that has become my passion.” Blumenthal made it clear that the IHDA is grounded in high moral standards. It is not her intent to swindle young designers out of what little they have. She explained: “I, myself, was an independent designer for seven years, and after that is when I started the Awards. I had applied to different competitions, any way to get known, and it always bothered me that you had to pay to apply because I thought, first of all, then the authenticity comes up to be challenged. And then it comes down to, do I really have an opportunity to be discovered? There’s no pay for play. If we’re able to have someone be able to create a livelihood or have a passion or create a reason to be happy about this, and to do it smart so they feel that they have no regrets, then that’s a complete (return on investment) for us.” Outside of her handbagoriented work, Blumenthal has an extensive teacher’s résumé. She has taught at the Laboratory Institute of Merchandising, Parsons School of Design and the Fashion Institute of Technology, where she currently leads a class on entrepreneurship. “Teaching, to me, considering how much I do already, is a lot like working out,” she said. “You never really like it, much like as a student you don’t really feel like going. You know, whatever homework I give, I have to grade. But then at the end of class you feel so good that you’ve been able to have a dialogue with other people and really, at the end of the day, have an impact to try and, in my personal case, make sure if anybody is going to start a brand or business, that they have the opportunity to do it in

a smart way. You have to look at everything you do in terms of giving back, even on a small scale, so if you’ve helped one student be able to look at things in a more analytical and strategic sense, then it was absolutely worth it. It’s totally a workout,” she laughed. New York fashion schools are all well and good, but how can University students, who don’t have the luxury of attending class in America’s fashion mecca, break into the industry? “Reach out to Michigan alum, first and foremost, and keep your communication as short as possible,” Blumenthal offered. “And do your homework. And whatever communication you have, don’t make it about yourself. Make it about what you can contribute.” With a sly smile, she added: “Keep to yourself that you went to the best school that ever existed.” Now would be a good time to mention that Blumenthal was once a staff member at The Daily, working within the advertising department. When I asked about her tenure, her eyes lit up. “Working at The Daily was kind of the entire framework of my career,” she said. “I think learning to go door to door at such a young age and having to manage people’s businesses, and that people’s sales were tied to an ad that I was responsible for selling to them, I think that taught me early on that this is business, this is what it’s about. And it showed me I was good at it. I think you’re always trying to find something that you’re good at, and I realized, I can sell. There was something about working there that made you feel adult. And it made you feel grown up, and it made you feel like you were empowered and that you could make a difference, that you could really do something and that you had value. It was the first real validating experience I had as an adult, and for that I am eternally grateful.” I am grateful to you, Emily, for being the reason I finally got off my butt and ordered those business cards. For more information about the 2018 Independent Handbag Designer Awards, visit their website. Applications close April 28.

Last Jan. on a crisp, Mich. winter evening, I arrived at El Club in Southwest Detroit to find a line outside, stretching around the corner. Isaiah Rashad — the B-list hip-hop star who the crowd had come out for — wasn’t scheduled to perform for another three hours. Yet hundreds of fans were already lingering at the club’s entrance, eager to be among the first inside. Despite having never been to the venue before, I rushed to its doors wearing a costume of confidence and tried to imply that waiting would, for me, be unacceptable. Despite having never attended a concert as a member of the press before, I announced myself to the bouncers through my best veteran impression and tried to imply that I was actually somebody. “Salvatore DiGioia. Michigan Daily. Press list.” As a music journalist, the first time you enter a concert without paying admission is a benchmark moment. It catalyzes your metamorphosis into a legitimate professional and validates your participation in the culture. I arrived at El Club last Jan. as a well-experienced consumer, having spent more than a decade purchasing my way into rap concerts. However, after being approved by bouncers and subsequently strutting into the venue, I felt myself cross an industry threshold. It had long been a dream of mine to be expected at such a function — for a rapper or publicist to be aware of my presence. So, when Isaiah Rashad thanked me for coming, shook my hand and said, honestly, “I hope you enjoy the show,” it instantly seemed to validate the countless hours I’d spent honing my craft. My love for reading developed like that of most of my peers — through the adventures of fictional heroes like Harry Potter and Captain Underpants. Yet I quickly transitioned my attention from bookshelves to the internet, an editorial landscape with fewer boundaries and more dimensions. Having inherited an obsession with hip hop from older siblings, I relied on the lifestyle to help shape my online experience, seeking out fan forums and niche news sources. I spent much of my middle

school years worshipping lifestyle mags Hypebeast and Complex as cultural canon or skimming through Rolling Stone’s “Best Of” lists for extra context. Eventually, I decided I wanted to write about music myself. A handful of decisions later, I arrived at The Daily. In autumn of my sophomore year, I was denied a place on The Daily Arts section and encouraged to re-apply in the future. It was a humbling setback, particularly since my application was the first piece of music writing that I’d ever shared. Yet it sparked a competitive streak within me that soon led to a major growth spurt. In wake of my denial, I became jealous of The Daily’s fully-operative infrastructure and semi-professional status. I longed to prove myself as equally committed to the craft as their staff, to have a reason to care about music as much as I did. So, I enrolled in essay-writing courses and published work in Consider; I subscribed to The New Yorker and started reading multiple arts publications daily; I identified my favorite critics and began following their careers intently. Inspired by a door in the face from The Daily, I set out to learn how to think, listen and write like a music critic. One year later, I was accepted as an Arts writer. The first article I published in The Daily was a review of Kanye West’s Saint Pablo Tour. My admission to the show was not free and my recap of it had not been organized by a publicist, but I was excited to see the story in print nonetheless. Some relatives even requested copies via mail. On the morning of the story’s release, I rose early and rushed straight to the business school, eager to grab a handful of papers and post a Snapchat. There’s a numbing ecstasy that comes with the publishing of a new article and for your first, it is utterly overwhelming. It doesn’t matter if anyone even reads the damn thing. For writers, the act of contributing to the rhetoric is fulfilling in itself. After meeting Isaiah Rashad, things changed for me professionally. At the disposal of my editors, I became The Daily’s go-to designation for Detroit’s hip-hop scene and went on to cover concerts by DRAM, A$AP Rocky and more. At the disposal of Def Jam Records, I attended the world premiere of

Big Sean’s fourth album, I Decided., and reviewed the LP before most national publications. Shortly after, I had opportunities to interview Lil Yachty and A Boogie Wit Da Hoodie. Finally, having fully realized the weight of The Daily’s prestige, I upped my bets to earn press access for shows in Paris and Los Angeles. The old saying is “Wherever you go, ‘Go Blue!’” Wherever I went, I wrote for The Daily. In two weeks, I will graduate from college and depart from Ann Arbor. I won’t ever again introduce myself as: “Salvatore DiGioia. Michigan Daily. Press list.” In fact, I may never again direct any bouncer to any “press list” whatsoever. Instead, I expect to spend the upcoming festival season, once again, as a consumer, diminished into buying my way into excited scenes. Come the fall, when summer’s buzziest acts inevitably set out on theater tours, I don’t expect to be offered free admission. I still plan to obsess over hip hop and attend concerts routinely, but long gone are my days of being expected at such functions. For a while, thanks to The Daily, I had just big enough of a platform to convince myself that I was actually somebody. I analyzed art under the presumption that someone cared I was doing so and, on a few occasions, directly conversed with my favorite musicians. Lil Yachty sang along to Playboi Carti’s “Let It Go” with me; A Boogie laughed at my name. I will always long to stand in those rooms, write those stories and be that guy. (In fact, if anyone from Rolling Stone or Pitchfork is reading, track me down!). However, upon my graduation from The Daily, such work will once again be a just hobby, such access to talent but a dream. At least for now. Like an athlete who’s graduating without obvious draft potential, I am hyper-aware that this could be the last team I ever play for. Should it be, I would not have wanted to learn how to think, listen and write like a music critic from any other teammates. *** “I’m not always going to say things the perfect way, the right way, but I’m going to say how I feel.” -Kanye West

TV REVIEW

‘Problem Areas’ tackles tropes of late night TV SAMANTHA DELLA FERA Daily Arts Writer

In the era of Trump, late night TV has become saturated with talking heads putting out segments and quick, worn-out jokes about the most talked-about man in America, but comedian Wyatt Cenac (“People of Earth”) is here to change that. A three-time Emmy winner and former correspondent and writer for “The Daily Show,” Cenac is no stranger to the art of satirical television. Generally a writer hidden behind the scenes, Cenac’s new HBO docu-series “Problem Areas” puts him right in front of the camera. But “Problem Areas” isn’t another “Daily Show” or “Colbert Report.” From the first

episode alone, the show develops a clear personality of its own. There are some obvious departures from classic late night TV — Cenac does not sit behind a desk to deliver his lines, but rather walks around on a set, which looks like a cross between a mature version of “Blue’s Clues” and a ’70s community center. There’s no studio audience either, leaving the focus on Cenac and not the laughs or applause he might draw. Yet the most pointed change from late night isn’t the lack of a desk or an audience, but rather the omission of late night’s favorite topic: Trump. Cenac promised that his 10-episode series would be pretty much Trump-free, and focus instead on the stories that get lost in the shadow of the president.

After his opening dialogue on the problem with billionaires and space, it becomes apparent that “Problem Areas” isn’t just another late night show hosted by a star trying their chance at becoming the next big voice in entertainment’s brigade against Trump. It is less a comedian trying to convince you with their side of the argument and more your educated, left-leaning friend discussing the world’s problems with you over coffee. With some smaller issues scattered throughout, Cenac will be focusing on one major issue in America: policing. A Black man arrested at age 19 for inciting a riot is an issue not just vital to discuss, but pertinent to Cenac’s own life. The most impressive part of “Problem Areas” is the show’s ability to

HBO

educate without promoting a single agenda. After admitting he’s not an expert on the topic of policing in America, Cenac strolls over to a TV where a cast of people — including activists, police chiefs and New York City mayor Bill De Blasio — pop up to discuss the topic in more depth. Towards the end of the episode, Cenac ventures into communities to talk with the citizens and administrators that feel the reallife fall out from problems with policing. He goes to Falcon Heights, Minn., a midwestern town that made national headlines after the brutal killing of Philando Castile during a traffic stop. Unlike late night hosts who talk about these

things from the comfort of their New York studio, Cenac manages

“Wyatt Cenac’s Problem Areas” Series Premiere HBO Fridays @ 11:30 p.m. to imbue faces and feelings into the headlines. He doesn’t try to add a contrived comedic twist or give a monologue about what this says about America. Instead, Cenac tries to figure out what it is that got the country to this low point, and how it could be pulled out of it.

In the excitement of late night’s comedic breakdown of Trump, other important stories get left behind. Comedy has become an important medium in educating people about contemporary issues in a way that will actually make them pay attention and understand. Cenac recognizes this, but capitalizes on the opportunity to shed light on the stories nobody else is telling. In doing so, he challenges others to reach beyond the low-hanging fruit of Trumpbashing. Cenac doesn’t examine the man, but rather the reasons he was able to assume power, and within half an hour, he’s giving us the information and the will to do the same.


Arts

6 — Tuesday, April 17, 2018

The Michigan Daily — michigandaily.com

ARTIST PROFLIE

FILM REVIEW

Jeff Rosenstock on album ‘POST-’ & upcoming show SEAN LANG

Daily Arts Writer

SONY PICTURES RELEASING

‘Loveless’ presents quest for warmth and empathy SOPHIA WHITE Daily Arts Writer

At a time with such heightened political anxiety, when Americans wonder what it’s truly like to live in Putin’s mysterious Russia, “Loveless,” nominee for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Film, may provide us with some answers. Directed by Andrey Zvyagintsev, the celebrated director of “The Return” and “Leviathan,” the film illustrates a world in which the sociopolitical state is so bleak that relationships and love have a difficult chance at survival. “Loveless” is set in Moscow in the autumn, where Mikhail Krichman’s haunting cinematography and cool tones illustrate a desolate, cold and lifeless environment of trees without leaves or snow. His camera, like a ghost, slowly floats over icy rivers and grey forests and embodies this dreary mood. There is no place for flowers to grow and love to bloom. This place of lovelessness has no care and nothing or anyone to care for. It has no tenderness for its citizens. The characters that exist, barely, in this world are Zhenya (Maryana Spivak, “Vasiliy Stalin”) and her husband Boris (Aleksey Rozin, “Leviathan”) who suffer together in a miserable marriage. On the brink of divorce, Zhenya and Boris

have already moved on from each other, but there was never really any love between them. The only thread that holds their marriage together is Boris’s conservative Christian boss who implements a company policy where divorce is not permitted. Boris impregnates a younger girl, while Zhenya starts dating a wealthier older man who buys her lobster and wine while she plays footsies with his crotch

“Loveless” State Theatre Sony Pictures Releasing during dinner. Zhenya and Boris’s 12-year-old son, Alyosha, played by newcomer but natural Matvey Novikov, overhears one of their fights during the middle of the night. Illuminated by one of the film’s most painful visual shots — a silent howl behind Zhenya’s door slam — Alyosha has had enough of being unloved. He disappears the next day while his parents are off sleeping with their respective lovers. Of course they don’t realize his absence initially because they are so entrenched in total self-involvement. They are unable to see how their actions affect others, including their child. Zvyagintsev seems to be simultaneously critiquing our era’s current reliance on selfies and social media — means for people

to be obsessed with themselves and be blind to compassion. The morning after Zhenya and Boris argue, Zhenya is too preoccupied with posting pictures and scrolling through her feed that she doesn’t even notice when Alyosha’s single tear dances down his face. At first glance, “Loveless” appears to be a film about a tragic marriage that results in a runaway child. But it has way more complexity than that; by the end of the film, you realize it isn’t even about Alyosha whatsoever — he is secondary to the thesis of the film. It is about a voyage of attempting to become self-aware by selfish people who are wholly engulfed in themselves. It is a quest to possess empathy. “Loveless” has layers. Like “Leviathan,” an allegory and social commentary about the plight of ordinary people living under Russia’s bureaucracy and institutional corruption, “Loveless” makes subtle critiques of the Russian state and how it is falling apart. Its arbitrary credence in religion, its engagement in war, its governmental chaos and failure of its police force to look for Alyosha. We hear real news clips on Boris’s radio in the background to remind us of the eerie politics of the period. “Loveless” is hauntingly hypnotic. It makes us look into ourselves and question: How can life exist without love? “Loveless” then answers this question: It can’t.

Classifieds RELEASE DATE– Tuesday, April 17, 2018

Los Angeles Times Daily Crossword Puzzle

Just two weeks ago, The Daily was lucky enough to have a chance to speak with singer/ songwriter Jeff Rosenstock about his newest record, POST-, and his upcoming show on Apr. 25, accompanied by Martha and Bad Moves, at the Loving Touch in Ferndale. Now in his mid-30s, a punk artist for whom it truly wasn’t a phase, the Long Island native found his musical roots in ska over two decades ago. An incredibly prolific artist, he has made and released music as part of his band Bomb the Music Industry!, along with several other projects, including recently composing the music for “Craig of the Creek,” a new show on Cartoon Network. The Michigan Daily: What does the title of POST- mean to you? Then, the cover image looks like someone vacuuming maybe like an entryway. Where did that image come from and why did you decide on that? Rosenstock: It’s hard to get into — I’ve been asked this a bunch of times and I feel like I’ve given a different answer every time, so I need to admit that the title, I think that what really appealed to me about it was that it was really … I wanted to have something that felt open and vague, and that felt that way to me. I had that written in a notebook and I felt like it could mean a handful of different things, which I think are pretty obvious on the record or just like, just livin’ in these times, man. But I liked that it was really open-ended, so I feel like trying to give an answer to it makes it not really be all the things, you know? With the cover image, specifically, and the title, and the color scheme, and all that,

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ACROSS 1 Not at all good 5 Piece-of-cake shape 10 Tick off 14 Use a surgical beam 15 Toward the back 16 “What I Am” singer Brickell 17 Welcome wind on a hot day 19 First-rate 20 Grab greedily 21 Brought back to mind 23 Migratory flying formations 25 Dance move 26 Carrots’ partners 29 Dangerous tide 31 Airing in the wee hours 35 Dr.’s orders 36 Successful cryptographer 38 Diner 40 Cup handle 41 Not reactive, as gases 42 “Best thing since” invention metaphor 45 Untruth 46 Walked with purpose 47 Typical John Grisham subject 48 Back talk 49 Nervous twitches 51 Retail center 53 Cigarette stimulant 57 Staggered 61 Neutral shade 62 Pet without papers ... or what is literally found in the circled letters 64 Drop of sorrow 65 Oscar-winning “Skyfall” singer 66 Family babysitter 67 Attaches a patch, say 68 Massenet opera about a Spanish legend 69 Absolut rival DOWN 1 O’Neill’s “Desire Under the __” 2 Fruitless

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I was hoping to hit that vibe of just waking up after being knocked out. Like I tried to make the color kind of like that color that the morning is when the morning first starts and maybe you can’t sleep. That grayish, bluish just kind of feeling. And Hiro Tanaka is a photographer from Japan. He’s also a really good buddy, really, really cool dude, really fun dude to hang out with, and he travels with us on tour and he took a lot of really awesome

Jeff Rosenstock with Martha and Bad Moves The Loving Touch Apr. 25 $15 pictures from the tour we did last summer, and that is one of a guy vacuuming up at like one o’clock in the morning, two o’clock in the morning at a casino in Reno, Nev. And I just kind of, I just thought it just suited it. I just kept throwing a bunch of stuff in there and then it was like, “Oh wait, shit, yeah. This is it. Thanks, Hiro.” TMD: You strike me as someone who might be frustrated with people in music taking themselves too seriously. Would you agree with that? Rosenstock: Oh yeah, totally. Why wouldn’t you wanna try and be funny? I don’t understand why a lot of people’s instinct is to ignore their senses of humor when it comes to anything. I feel like, personally, when people have a sense of humor about shit, it makes their art more relatable to me. I’ve been stoked about the younger bands that we’ve been playing with, ’cause they all seem to have a little bit of a sense of humor about themselves, and not afraid to show it, and I think that that is nice, for me as a fan, you know? TMD: For sure. One of the things that surprised me about POST- before I had even listened was that it’s just 10 songs, with “USA” clocking in at seven and a half minutes and “Let Them Win” at 11. That’s compared to WORRY. with 17 songs, where the back half is all these one- to two-minute jams that just f low into each other. What was the change in mindset that accompanied that change in structure? Rosenstock: A few things. I’ve been listening to more ambient music, which I didn’t have too much of a grasp on when I was writing WORRY., but I’ve been trying to listen to things just to feel calmer, and I wanted to try and see if there was any space for being calm in a record of mine, because usually there’s not. It seemed like a kind of fun challenge to take on, and it felt like a natural time to give it a shot. It didn’t feel like I was forcing anything. I was really stoked how the end of “Let Them Win” turned out. That was at the end of a very very stressful couple of months. I recorded that shit just for the demo of the song, just to hear, “Will it sound good?” It kind of feels like a very emotional thing for me. I don’t know, whatever, who cares. But because I felt like I had a little bit of a better grasp on how I would want something with space to sound, and I think that one of the defining factors of our current shit as a human race is that there is no time to process anything. And that the fuckin’ record starts off pretty harshly, I thought that adding some time for ref lection would be good. I listened to that record On the Beach by Neil Young a ton. It’s one of my favorite records. I listened to the record Perfect From Now On by Built To Spill a ton, and both of those records are records that have a lot of space to them, where

you can kind of get lost, jump in and out and go at your own pace and eventually it becomes your favorite thing. I don’t think I’ve usually made too much stuff that was like that, so I just wanted to give it a shot this time around. And it seems really smart now because people like it, but when I was done with it I was just like, “This fuckin’ song just turns into a ‘Stranger Things’ spacejam for four minutes and it’s the first song on the record. Uh, why would anyone want to listen to this?” TMD: I thought it was kind of funny — well, not funny, but WORRY. came out and then we had the election. Were you like, “Crap, now I have to make another album?” What was your feeling around that time? Rosenstock: Yeah, I wasn’t like, “I gotta make an album, save the world!” you know? We were on tour, playing in Iowa as the dagger was being thrown, basically. We went on and it was kind of even, and then while we were playing I was like, “Man, everyone here seems to not like our band right now.” I looked over at the merch and Christine and Morgan and Cody who were doing merch for us — Katie Ellen and Hard Girls, respectively — were just shaking their heads back and forth. It was like, “What did we do wrong? Are we bad tonight? Are we worse than usual?” And then when we got off and I’d seen like, “Oh shit, it’s done,” some kid came up to me when I was talking to them in disbelief and was like, “Hey man, it fuckin’ happened.” Just basically like, “You can’t think that this didn’t just happen. This just happened.” I was like, “Whoa, stranger, that’s some heavy shit.” I think being on tour for that record as that was happening affected me in a way I can’t really articulate. It gave me a lot of hope, to be honest with you. Because as these things were going bad around us, Anika and Cody — from Katie Ellen — had come up with the idea to, well, we were playing a college show the next day, and we wanted to take donations at the door for Planned Parenthood, like right away. And they were like, “You can’t do that, because it’s a state building.” So instead, Katie Ellen — the band — came up with the idea of having a makeyour-own-protest-pin station, so you could write, like, “Fuck Trump,” on a button. It was a day afterwards! We were all excited about doing it still at that point. Just being around that and being a part of it just kind of — I was feeling a lot of things all at the same time. It wasn’t like, “Oh fuck, I gotta go write a record,” but I think that being done with all that, everything just felt different, and I really needed to decompress, and I feel like those are the moments where I’m at my best when it comes to writing. My friends Pete and Kara just happened to have a trailer up in the middle of nowhere, and I had a few weeks off, so I could just go up there for a week and demo and write and work on stuff, which is something I usually don’t have a chance to do. I went up basically straight from the Inauguration protest and the Women’s March. I maybe took a day to get all my shit together, then bought a synthesizer and went up to the mountains. I think that just feeling like I needed to decompress and try and take stock of everything was really important. I think that’s how those ambient passages ended up on the record, because that’s part of it. That’s part of being able to understand things, is giving yourself the time to understand things and be empathetic.

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Sports

Tuesday, April 17, 2018 — 7

LACROSSE Michigan offense struggles in loss to Ohio State MEN’S Despite tough conditions, BAILEY JOHNSON Daily Sports Writer

Just when it looked like the ball would sneak into the net, Tommy Heidt reached behind himself and trapped it against the ground. The senior goalkeeper prevented Ohio State (1-2 Big Ten, 6-6 overall) from taking the lead over the No. 20 Michigan men’s lacrosse team in the second quarter of Friday night’s game, but the Wolverines ultimately lost, 8-5. Michigan (0-3 Big Ten, 7-5 overall) gave up three goals in the first quarter while adding only one of its own, when junior midfielder Brent Noseworthy found twine on a man-up opportunity late in the opening stanza. But once Heidt settled in and stood tall in the cage, the Buckeyes had to fight to score. Heidt’s ten first-half saves — sometimes in dramatic fashion — marked his highest save total in a first half this season. “Tommy Heidt was the real show today,” said Michigan coach Kevin Conry. “He had 15 saves, kept guys in the game, had fantastic energy regardless of the situation and really held command of the defense and the whole game. He was a real star today.” While Heidt was controlling the defense, the Wolverines’ offense struggled to get going. Then, junior midfielder Decker Curran notched his first score of the day at the 12:27 mark of the second quarter, cutting Michigan’s deficit to only one. Ten minutes later, freshman attacker Alex Buckanavage scored on a roll-out from behind the goal, getting underneath the defender to slip the ball between Ohio State goalkeeper Josh Kirson’s legs and tie the game. Though the Wolverines held the Buckeyes scoreless for a nearly 29-minute stretch going from 6:20 remaining in

the first quarter through eight minutes into the third, frequent turnovers kept Michigan from earning a lead. “In the third quarter, we kept turning the ball over in the offensive end and in the clearing game, which kept giving them second-chance opportunities,” Conry said. “Big Ten lacrosse is such a well-coached — such a tough conference that if you start giving teams multiple second-chance opportunities, they’re good enough to take advantage of it.” Though freshman Connor Cronin has had success at the faceoff dot throughout the season, he struggled to win faceoffs in the second half. The difficulty limited offensive opportunities and required a lot of work from the defense, which wore down in the third quarter and allowed four goals. “Connor Cronin’s been doing such a great job for us, and wing play has been so vital in all of our wins,” Conry said. “But when you’re playing defense over and over and over again, the guys wear down, and they’re

the same guys we rely on to go up and take wings. I don’t think it was anything Connor did specifically, I think it was more just the three-man game got a little bit less effective.” The lone Michigan goal in the third quarter came from junior attacker Rocco Sutherland to put the Wolverines at a 7-4 deficit. Curran added his second score of the day halfway through the fourth period, but it proved to be too little, too late. Turnovers ultimately doomed Michigan, as it could not capitalize on its opportunities in the fourth quarter, adding just one goal on seven shots while committing three turnovers. “It’s our discipline and our attention to detail,” Conry said. “Right now, we’re just kinda doing some silly things … we’re just a young, inexperienced group who is playing in the best conference in lacrosse against some of the best teams in the country. And when you play against those teams, a lot of the turnovers that we were having earlier on in the season that weren’t getting exposed are

starting to get exposed now.” The turnover issue in Friday’s game is the continuation of a theme for the Wolverines, who have had double-digit turnovers in all three Big Ten games so far. With just two regular season games remaining, the issue has become top priority for Conry. “We’ve been going back to basics the better part of two weeks here, and it’s already starting to show,” Conry said. “We’re down a couple turnovers. We didn’t have 18 today, we didn’t have 15, we had 13, so there is some marginal improvement there. “If we can just keep chipping away at these turnovers, then we’re gonna be in a better position with our hands free and take good, fundamental shots. And once that happens, we’ll see the wins start to fall.” The next two weeks will tell if the wins will fall in time for Michigan to earn a spot in the Big Ten Tournament, but with No. 4 Johns Hopkins coming to town next week, it may need more than fewer turnovers to notch a win.

KATELYN MULCAHY/Daily

Senior goaltender Tommy Heidt kept the game scoreless for 29 minutes, but Michigan would inevitably fall.

Mueller works way to 2nd ROHAN KUMAR Daily Sports Writer

By the end of Saturday’s opening rounds, Kyle Mueller had worked his way into a good spot. The senior sat tied for second place — just one stroke off the lead — and would have a chance to make his move come Sunday. Or so he thought. Weather dictated otherwise. Overnight rain paired with strong winds made the course unplayable, canceling the final round of the Boilermaker Invitational in West Lafayette, Ind. “It definitely felt a little strange,” said Michigan coach Chris Whitten. “We went to the golf course today really hoping to play. … It just wasn’t gonna be possible. … It’s one of those things we don’t have any control over.” Mueller settled for a runnerup finish at four-under par, while the Michigan men’s golf team finished in eighth with a 587 (294 first 18, 293 second). Kent State and Northwestern co-championed the 17-team field, scoring eight strokes better than the Wolverines. Though Mueller’s opportunity to win washed away with the rain, he still put his skills on display during Saturday’s 36 holes. Though there was no rain, heavy winds wreaked havoc for many — but not Mueller. When it’s windy on the course, golfers who naturally play draws or fades struggle to adjust. This is where Mueller’s talent comes into play. Because of his straight ball flight, he’s able to better compensate for the wind. This helped him successfully navigate the course and post back-to-back 70s while others stumbled. “Generally, the thing that makes Kyle so good is his ball

striking,” Whitten said. “He just hits the ball very solid and very straight. He rarely curves it off line very much. … Everyone else’s misses are amplified much more, and Kyle does very well.” Five other Wolverines competed as well. Junior Nick Carlson and sophomore Brent Ito finished 62nd and 70th, respectively, while sophomore Taisei Negishi played as an individual and placed 92nd in the 92-player field. Freshmen Charlie Pilon and Henry Spring played well enough to impress Whitten, placing 12th and 56th. “They’ve just become very good at adapting to whatever the weather or the circumstances are,” Whitten said. “That’s what you’ve gotta be able to do in college golf, so I was happy about that.” Michigan improved by one stroke between the two rounds, which was much more significant than it may entail. The team’s first round score of 294 was only the eighth-best of that 18-hole stretch, but the Wolverines’ 293 in round two marked the secondbest of that stage. Whitten credits the improvement to his team’s calm during the storm, and thinks Michigan could have made some noise Sunday. “The conditions yesterday were so tough,” Whitten said. “So, I would say the guys held their own and did a very good job of focusing in tough conditions. Even though we were eighth place, we were not that far behind the leader. That’s why we wanted to play today, because we really thought there was a good chance to move up. “I think we had some momentum going.” But the Wolverines never got the chance to build on that momentum.

A look inside the finances of a women’s basketball team HUNTER SHARF Daily Sports Writer

According to a financial report authored by the NCAA Membership Financial Reporting System — data requested in a Freedom of Information Act request submitted by The Michigan Daily and also in the Equity in Athletics Data Analysis report submitted by the University — the Michigan women’s basketball team spent just over $4 million in the 2016-17 season. With a roster of 15 studentathletes, that comes out to $266,666 per athlete each year, or $1.08 million over a four-year college career. For comparison, that equates to a year’s cost of attendance for about 27 out-ofstate or 40 in-state students. Based on expense records found in the Equity in Athletics Data Analysis submitted by the University to the U.S. Department of Education, Michigan has spent an average of $2.66 million a year since 2003. When looking at the last five years, the Wolverines have disbursed an average of $3.5 million. To put that in perspective, they made $407,000 in revenue last year. The Michigan baseball and softball teams — squads with comparable revenue figures — spent significantly less than women’s basketball. According to the NCAA financial report, baseball spent $2.7 million while softball spent $2.6 in the 2016-2017 school year — meaning, the women’s basketball team spent about 35 percent more. The hockey team, which had a revenue of $3.1 million, spent less than women’s basketball at $3.6 million. In fact, the only two teams with higher expenses than women’s basketball were men’s basketball and football, with $8.8 million and $46.2 million, respectively. So where is the money going? About 30 percent, or $1.22 million, of the team’s total expenses went to the coaching staff’s salary, benefits and bonuses. Head coach Kim Barnes Arico’s compensation was just shy of $693,000 while her assistants made $529,000 collectively. Arico’s total was the highest of any coach of a female sport at Michigan and the third-highest overall behind football coach Jim Harbaugh and men’s basketball coach John Beilein. That’s an average salary relative to other Big Ten women’s coaches and

AMELIA CACCHIONE/Daily

The Michigan women’s basketball team ranked ninth in the Big Tenin average attendance.

is about half as much as Ohio State coach Kevin McGuff. The next largest expense came in the form of athletic scholarships and aid. Of the 15 players on the roster, 13.4 total scholarships were given out and one scholarship was attributed as a “exhausted eligibility or medical equivalency.” The total amount of financial assistance was $1.03 million. Women’s basketball spent more on financial assistance last year than the total yearly operating expenses of the men’s golf team ($647,000) and the women’s golf team ($813,000) and about the same as men’s gymnastics, men’s and women’s tennis, water polo and wrestling. The third-largest expenditure was the team’s in-season travel. Taking buses and chartered planes around the country ran up a tab of over $700,000. When including per diem and meals on road trips, that number rises well over $800,000. How do they stack up in the Big Ten? On the surface, the Wolverines’ expenses are large. However, relative to the rest of the Big Ten, Michigan is somewhat conservative. For the 2015-16 season, the Wolverines had the fourth-lowest total operating expenses in the conference at $3.7 million. Comparatively, the University of Nebraska, the University of Wisconsin and Ohio State University each spent over $5 million. But where Michigan truly lags behind is its ability to make money. The Wolverines had the Big Ten’s

second-lowest operating revenue during 2015-16 at $328,000. Even with an $80,000 increase in total revenue for the 2016-17 season, Michigan still struggles to produce funds. The team made $168,000 from ticket sales and $48,000 from parking and concessions according to the NCAA financial report released. With 53,400 fans attending games in 2016-17 according to the Big Ten and NCAA official websites. Dividing total season revenue — comprised of aspects such as ticket sales, parking and concessions at each game — by total attendees on the season, Michigan earned $4.04 per attendee. The Wolverines’ average attendance of 2,672 ranked ninth in the conference and 45th in the country. Even if Michigan was to have the same attendance as South Carolina — the school with the nation’s highest attendance — the Wolverines still would’ve lost $3 million. Michigan is a product of the system. Yes, Michigan may have difficulties generating revenue. However, the scope of this dilemma expands beyond the Wolverines or even the Big Ten. As a whole, NCAA women’s teams struggle to stay in the black. Even the ultimate powerhouse Connecticut — a program that has made eleven consecutive Final Fours and has won ten national titles since 2000 — isn’t profitable. In 2016-17, the Huskies produced a revenue of $3.55 million while spending an

astronomical $7.9 million. While Connecticut was able to make $2.18 million in ticket sales, its costly expenditures added up. The largest portion of the Huskies’ expenses went to Coach Geno Auriemma, who made $2.88 million last year. His staff added another $1 million. If you take the difference between Auriemma’s and Barnes Arico’s salaries and subtract that from Connecticut’s total expenses, the remaining figure is roughly $5.1 million – not too far off from Michigan’s expenses of $4 million. But the Huskies aren’t the only elite women’s program losing money. Louisville – another team in this year’s Final Four and a perennially elite team – takes a financial loss. Last year, the Cardinals saw a revenue of $1.28 million while spending $4.8 million. Why aren’t women’s basketball programs making money? The majority of women’s basketball programs aren’t profitable. In fact, many women’s basketball programs lose millions. Title IX plays a factor in these lofty expenditure numbers. In 1972, the Title IX Education Amendments were signed by former President Richard Nixon. The legislation dictated that no individual will be discriminated against due to their gender in educational programs. This includes athletics. “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded

from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subject to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal financial assistance,” Nixon said in 1972. Based on a report by the National Center for Education Statistics, between 2000 and 2016, postsecondary degrees obtained by women have increased; 7 percent in bachelor’s degrees and 4 percent for master’s or higher education. The law has also helped increase gender equality in athletics. From 2004 and 2010, women’s participation in NCAA Division I and III athletics has increased 14 percent, as well as 21 percent in Division II. The Women’s Sports Foundation explains how Title IX is enforced in regards to athletics. “A three-part test for participation opportunities that determines if institutions provide female and male students with equal athletic opportunities.” Those three parts are “Proportionality,” “History and Continuing Practice,” and “Effectively Accommodating Interests and Abilities.” Opportunities, however, don’t necessarily mean equivalent expenses. “The only monetary requirement of Title IX deals with the area of scholarships. Scholarships must be allocated in proportion to the number of female and male students participating in intercollegiate athletics,” says the Women’s Sports Foundation on its website. In an email to The Daily, University Associate Athletic Director Kurt Svoboda explained that the concept of proportionality means, “Males and females participate in athletics in numbers substantially proportional to their respective enrollments in school.” Proportionality also applies to the total number of scholarships. Because schools typically must make up the number of scholarships awarded for sports with no female equivalent (such as football and wrestling), women’s teams often have more scholarships granted than their male counterparts. This is clear in basketball, where the average Division I women’s program has 14 scholarships to men’s 13, according to College Athletic Associations.

With the national average of a women’s basketball scholarship being about $17,000, according to a link provided by Svoboda via email to The Michigan Daily, the typical women’s college basketball program spends $238,000 on financial assistance. At a school like Michigan, where out-of-state tuition can cost upwards of $62,000, scholarships for the women’s basketball program runs around $1 million. Another contributing factor to these relatively high expenses is the high market rate for head coaches. Based on a study conducted by AthleticDirectorU in partnership with USA Today, the average compensation of a women’s head coach in the Big Ten was $664,000 in 2016-17. The highest conference average was the Atlantic Coast Conference, where coaches earned around $760,000. Baylor coach Kim Mulkey had the highest reported total compensation of $1.88 million, while Adia Barnes of Arizona had the lowest at $235,000. The system doesn’t look like it’ll change. The high expenses of women’s college basketball teams are very much a byproduct of the system. In order to operate, major programs like Michigan are almost required to spend exorbitant sums on coaches and scholarships while generating relatively minimal fan draw, and thus, little revenue. If this year’s Women’s Final Four is any indication, the trend will continue. According to the NCAA, the women’s national championship game between Notre Dame and Mississippi State averaged 3.5 million viewers, reduced from 3.8 million last year. The entire women’s Final Four generated 7.62 million viewers – for comparison, the men’s semifinal games garnered 97 million. All factors considered, it’s extremely difficult for any women’s college program to be profitable. And Michigan is no different. But with lucrative football and men’s basketball programs more than making up the difference, schools like Michigan can afford to spend on non-profitable sports. It’s clear the Wolverines invest in the optimal student-athlete experience. And it’s apparent that the women’s basketball team is an integral part of that experience, regardless of the finances.


Sports

8 — Tuesday, April 17, 2018

The Michigan Daily — michigandaily.com

Season in Review: Beilein, Michigan exceed expectations ETHAN WOLFE Daily Sports Editor

Shattering expectations would be an understatement for the Michigan men’s basketball team in the 2017-18 season. After a 26-12 record in 201617 that ended in a heartbreaking Sweet Sixteen loss to Oregon, the Wolverines lost three valuable starters in Derrick Walton, D.J. Wilson and Zak Irvin. They were supposed to spend this season retooling, with a solid recruiting class waiting in the wings. On numerous occasions, that looked to be the case. But as was the theme of the season, Michigan also won in almost every way imaginable — pretty and ugly — to notch a 33-8 record. It was good enough to face Villanova for the Wolverines’ second National Championship appearance in six years. It was good enough to win their second straight Big Ten Tournament. It was good enough to get the most wins in program history. The Daily reflects on one of the most successful seasons in Michigan basketball history: Best game: Michigan 75, Purdue 66 in Big Ten Tournament championship The Wolverines provided a few glimpses earlier in the season they could make a run in March, such as two convincing road wins to end the year and two wins over thentop-10 Michigan State teams. But none encapsulated how efficient this team could be on both ends of the court then in the Big Ten Tournament championship. After getting buried by 7-foot2 Isaac Haas in Michigan’s previous two games against the Boilermakers, the Wolverines controlled the tempo from start to finish, stymying a top-five offense and shooting 50 percent from the floor. It also offered a posterizing slam in a breakout performance by sophomore center Jon Teske. Unlike the 2016-17 season, there was no intrigue from a scary plane crash or

underdog mentality. Michigan won its second consecutive conference tournament championship convincingly and became one of the hottest teams in the country heading into March Madness. Worst game: Northwestern 61, Michigan 52 on Feb. 6 In this snoozefest in Rosemont, Ill., Michigan shot a measly 38.6 percent from the field, and couldn’t make the necessary stops against a smaller and slower Wildcats’ team. It looked like a contest that would position the Wolverines as a middle-of-the-pack Big Ten squad on the outside looking in. The silver lining of this game for Michigan, though, is it marked when the Wolverines had had enough of lackluster showings. It was the last loss Michigan had until the National Championship game, and marked the start of an offensive emergence from senior guard Muhammad-Ali Abdur-Rahkman. Best individual performance: Moritz Wagner against LoyolaChicago in the Final Four If any game showed why Wagner is making the right call to enter the 2018 NBA Draft, it was his monstrous performance against the Ramblers in the Final Four. The junior center registered a 24-point, 15-rebound output on 10-for-16 shooting in the most significant game of his career. Wagner also recorded three steals to hush the naysayers about his shaky defense. Much of his work also came when Michigan needed it most — facing a three-point deficit with 7:44 remaining in the contest. Wagner scored 11 of the team’s next 15 points to put the game out of reach and secure a spot in the title game. Most important game: Michigan 64, Houston 63 in Round of 32 Yes, the National Championship game was pretty important. And so was the Final Four, Elite Eight and the Sweet Sixteen. But none of it would have happened without one the most iconic shots in Michigan basketball history. Flailing his legs after a rapid flick of the wrist, freshman guard Jordan Poole converted a 3-point, buzzer-

beating prayer to down the Cougars and earn a spot in the One Shining Moment video. In what was an otherwise uninspiring contest, the victory marked a true beginning to the Wolverines’ March Madness run and added another bullet point to the program’s and Beilein’s résumé. Most improved player: Zavier Simpson In his freshman season, Simpson looked like a lost puppy on the court, unable to be a trustworthy ball-handler or buy a bucket. For his sophomore campaign, the point guard was still a dog, but for all the right reasons. Labeled a “pitbull” by his teammates, Simpson convincingly grabbed the reins of the starting point guard role on Jan. 6 and ran with it. He locked down his opponents nightly, earning him consideration as one of the premier on-ball defenders in the country. In the title game, Simpson held National Player of the Year Jalen Brunson to just nine points on 4-for-13 shooting. Offensively, while Simpson still has plenty of room to grow, he overcame his stocky stature to showcase a number of circus scoop shots and dribble penetration over some of the nation’s best shotblockers — think Haas, Mo Bamba, Jaren Jackson Jr. Given his impact on the court, Simpson is clearly the most improved player on Michigan, even if a statline won’t show it. Most valuable player: Moritz Wagner This decision isn’t as easy as it seems. The Wolverines were a Jenga tower that could fall by taking out any one player out of the lineup. But Wagner was at the base of it all. The junior averaged 14.6 points and 7.1 boards after posting just 12.1 points and 4.2 rebounds a season ago. Besides against LoyolaChicago, Wagner’s standout performances include nine other 20-point games and seven doubledoubles. Wagner, as evidenced by his on-court antics, also proved himself to be a capable, vocal leaderas a captain. Between his shifty offensive skillset, growing

defensive prowess and leadership, he was able to help Michigan to the Final Four, and could soon make an NBA team very happy. Up next: Speaking in formalities, the only next step for Michigan is winning the National Championship. In reality, the goal will just be sustaining a top-tier program that is losing three of its biggest contributors — Abdur-Rahkman and fifth-year senior Duncan Robinson to graduation and, as of Saturday afternoon, Wagner to the NBA. Jaaron Simmons is also graduating, forcing the Wolverines to find a replacement for the backup point guard role. The team is also waiting on an NBA decision by Matthews. Finally, sophomore guard Ibi Watson and walk-on Brett Hibbitts announced their

intentions to transfer, opening up roster spots and more playing time in the backup ‘2’ role. But the new faces coming to Ann Arbor compose one of the best recruiting classes in the Beilein era. Beilein isn’t one to tout rankings, but the five-man class composes four four-stars and one three-star recruit for the 16th-best incoming group in the country, according to 247Sports. All five recruits play one starting role: David DeJulius at point guard, Adrien Nunez at shooting guard, Ignas Brazdeikis at small forward, Brandon Johns at power forward and Colin Castleton at center. On paper, Michigan is introducing new pieces that can begin replacing the firepower it loses. But it also can look forward to the development of other players

who made significant strides this year. Simpson has always held his own on defense, but showed noticeable progression in finding scoring opportunities as the season went on. Teske, who will likely replace Wagner at the ‘5’, grew more and more assertive and even showcased a mid-range jumper late in the year. And the rising sophomores — Poole, Isaiah Livers and Eli Brooks — enter the year with a full season of college basketball under their belts. Next season, the Wolverines will likely find themselves in the preseason Associated Press Top 25 poll. Unlike most of last season, they will have a target on their backs from the get-go, inviting the possibility of another compelling, new-look Michigan team in 201819.

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2018-04-17  

Today's issue is the final publication of the semester. Look for The Michigan Daily's weekly summer edition beginning May 3rd. Thanks for re...

2018-04-17  

Today's issue is the final publication of the semester. Look for The Michigan Daily's weekly summer edition beginning May 3rd. Thanks for re...

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