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Ann Arbor, Michigan


Policies to be created to increase inclusion RUBY WALLAU/Daily

Michigan Governor Rick Snyder addresses his audience at the annual State of the State event in East Lansing Thursday.

Snyder talks state priorities Constitutional reforms, increasing legal immigration on 2014 roadmap By SHOHAM GEVA Daily Staff Reporter

LANSING — On the tail end of his first term, Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder delivered his fourth State of the State address Thursday, calling for an array of initiatives from a constitutional amendment to increase funding for early childhood education. This year’s State of the State — an annual address delivered to a special joint session of the Michigan legislature outlining the governor’s upcoming policy

initiatives — received additional attention because Snyder will be up for reelection in November. Though he has not officially announced his candidacy, Snyder used Thursday’s speech to reflect on his past accomplishments. Election year politics were also on the mind of Michigan Democrats and interest groups that oppose Snyder’s policies, as many voiced discontent with his message after the speech. The governor spoke about the period leading up to his 2010 electoral victory, characterizing the last 10 years as a time when Michigan was broken. “We led the country in joblessness, reduced income levels, and loss of population,” Snyder said. “In November 2010, the citizens of Michigan spoke not

just about my role but of many of us here tonight. They made a statement that Michigan was broken. Fixing Michigan was not good enough; it was time to reinvent Michigan.” During his speech, Snyder challenged members of the Michigan House of Representatives to join the Michigan Senate in taking up a resolution that asks the U.S. Congress to pass a constitutional amendment requiring the federal government to balance its budget each year. “We balance our budget at home, we balance our budget at work, why can’t the federal government balance theirs?” Snyder said. He also announced intentions to sign an executive order to create the Michigan Office for New

Americans, which will be aimed at increasing and promoting legal immigration to Michigan. He added that the initiative would be aimed at groups such as international students pursuing advanced degrees. Snyder also mentioned several measures to promote economic growth during the speech, drawing data from his “Dashboard” program, which provides easily accessible information about various state issues. Since December 2010 Michigan has added 221,000 jobs, which was the first time since 2006 that the labor force in Michigan has grown. In terms of per capita income, Michigan is now tied with Wisconsin for first place in the Great Lakes region in growth of per See SNYDER, Page 6

After #BBUM, administrators plan new positions, renovations By SAM GRINGLAS Daily News Editor

After students and supporters around the world logged more than 10,000 tweets during the #BBUM campaign last semester to shed light on the experiences of Black University students, University Provost Martha Pollack announced a host of initiatives Thursday night designed to address diversity issues on campus. In an e-mail sent to University students and faculty, Pollack promised to initiate improvements at the Trotter Multicultural Center and the creation of an administrative leadership position dedicated to increasing minority recruitment and retention, as well as implement a residence hall program to foster inclusion and understand across many campus constituencies. “This commitment is longstanding and fundamental to who we are as an institution,” Pollack wrote. “And yet, there are

times we have not lived up to our highest aspirations.” The University’s minority enrollment has fallen sharply since the passage of Proposal 2 — the 2006 ballot initiative that banned the consideration of race in college admissions, among other factors. In fall 2013, the University’s Black students made up 4.65 percent of the undergraduate population, compared to 7 percent in fall 2006. In November, the BBUM campaign called attention to feelings of isolation and discrimination faced by Black students on campus. E. Royster Harper, vice president for student life, signed up for Twitter after the campaign launched to participate in the discussion. “Got on Twitter to hear and support your voices,” she tweeted in November. “Proud of our students.” The campaign arrived on the heels of several controversial incidents related to race, including a planned fraternity party that was branded with racialized words and images. Since the BBUM campaign launched in November, several administrators and regents have vowed to address the campus climate related to issues of race, See INCLUSION, Page 3



Hiring system to feature indepth checks

Starbucks in Union will open doors on Monday

Background investigations to clear those working with children By RACHEL PREMACK Daily News Editor

There are 170 University programs that cater to children, according to Associate General Counsel Donica Thomas Varner. With the scope of these programs in wind, University announced Monday a new centralized policy. The policy mandates national background checks for employees working with children and a unified directory of all child-related programs. Previously, each department that managed these programs, such as Camp Kesem and University child care, created its own policies. These policies included what is outlined in the new consolidated guidelines, such as training guidelines and a code of conduct. However, the past system generated confusion and worry among University employees. A September 2013 child-safety seminar, which Varner said had no relation to the creation


HI: 20 LO: 8

of the new policy, revealed this tension. At the meeting, she expressed concern about existing gaps in the previous background checking policy. An 11-person committee with representation from athletics, the Office of the Provost, the Office of University Audits and other departments formulated the policy. Varner and Kelly Cunningham, Office of Public Affairs director, cochaired the committee. With the streamlining of the policy, the new standards provide centralized support and clarify expectations for protecting children, Varner said. It applies to all University employees, students and volunteers involved with minors on the Ann Arbor, Dearborn or Flint campuses. “We welcome children to our campuses and want them to have a fun and positive experience,” Timothy P. Slottow, the University’s executive vice president and chief financial officer and executive sponsor of the policy, said in a press release. At University Athletic Department programs, which served more than 9,000 children last summer, the background check procedure only See HIRING, Page 3

After delayed construction, the chain will replace Amer’s cafe By CHRISTY SONG Daily Staff Reporter TERESA MATHEW/Daily

Vice President Joe Biden speaks at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit Thursday.

Biden praises auto industry resurgence in Detroit visit Vice President meets with Mayor Duggan to discuss city’s comeback By JENNIFER CALFAS Managing News Editor

DETROIT — In a speech at Detroit’s annual North American International Auto Show, Vice President Joe Biden discussed the industry’s resurgence since its federal bailout in 2009. Biden addressed more than 250 showgoers, packed into

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Detroit’s Cobo Center and surrounded by new Ford F-150 trucks and Chevrolet Corvettes, about the ongoing process in the wake of the 2008 recession. Biden lauded Detroit as a city capable of overcoming its decades-long decline. The city filed for the bankruptcy in July — the largest municipal default in U.S. history — and Chapter 9 proceedings are ongoing. “This is not only an important city, but an iconic city,” Biden said during his opening remarks. The self-professed “car man” highlighted his collaboration with Rep. John Dingell (D–MI), who was present at the event.

NEW ON MICHIGANDAILY.COM Throwback Thurs.: Have we forgotten about Dre? MICHIGANDAILY.COM/BLOGS


Together, Biden and Dingell tackled the auto industry bailout in 2009, giving General Motors and Chrysler time to recover under new management. “We’re not only back; we’re stronger,” Biden said. “The American auto industry is back and Detroit’s going to come back. But America is back.” For most of his speech, Biden praised the auto industry creating generations of middle class jobs — an income segment that has been squeezed by decades of industrial decline and, more recently, the 2008 recession. “We bet on American ingenuSee BIDEN, Page 3

Vol. CXXIV, No. 50 ©2014 The Michigan Daily

While Starbucks stores surround Central Campus on State Street and South University, one more will open its doors Monday at 7 a.m. After months of renovation, including delaying its projected opening date, the Starbucks will join Au Bon Pain as one of the Union’s newest venues. Starbucks will move into the space formerly occupied by Amer’s Mediterranean Deli, which closed last year after a campaign and bid proposal failed to preserve its Union location. When the coffee shop opens Monday, it will begin its regular hours of operation: 7 a.m. to 1:30 a.m. Monday through Saturday and 9 a.m. to 1:30 a.m. on Sundays. The extended hours are expected to appeal to students working into the early morning. Starbucks will offer caffeinated beverages, sandwiches, salads and an assortment of pastries, similar to other locations around See STARBUCKS, Page 3

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2 — Friday, January 17, 2014

MONDAY: This Week in History

TUESDAY: Professor Profiles

WEDNESDAY: In Other Ivory Towers

THURSDAY: Alumni Profiles

The Michigan Daily —

FRIDAY: Photos of the Week UPPER LEFT University alum Colin Stetson, a saxophonist of the band Bon Iver, played a solo show at the Walgreen Drama Center on Wednesday. (Virginia Lozano/ Daily) BOTTOM LEFT Rackham student Wenye Zhu constructs a cotton candy chanedlier at the Taubman College of Artcitecture and Urban Planning on Monday. (Nick Williams/ Daily) RIGHT Vice President Joe Biden speaks at the Detroit Auto Show in the Cobo Center on Thursday. (Teresa Mathew/ Daily)

NEED MORE PHOTOS? See more Photos of the Week on our website,




Ghost of Northwood

A motherly shove

Seth Glier performance

Kronos Quartet

WHERE: Northwood IV WHEN: Wednesday at about 6 p.m. WHAT: A student came home at noon and said her belongings had moved, University Police reported. There was no sign of forced entry and no missing items.

WHERE: Mott Children’s Hospital and Von Voigtlander Women’s Hospital WHEN: Wednesday at about 4:15 p.m. WHAT: A patient’s father was reportedly shoved by the patient’s mother, University Police reported.

WHAT: The famous string quartet will play a program with a University professor using bowed water glass and spoken word. $20. WHO: University Musical Society WHEN: Today at 8 p.m. WHERE: Power Center

Diffused dispute

Suspect seen in swindled goods

WHAT: Seth Glier, a noted falsetto, will perform songs from his latest album, “Things I Should Let You Know.” WHO: The Ark WHEN: Today at 8:00 p.m. WHERE: The Ark, with tickets available at the Michigan Union Ticket Office.

WHERE: Mott Children’s Hospital and Von Voigtlander Women’s Hospital WHEN: Thursday at about 4:20 a.m. WHAT: A dispute between parents ended amicably and without physical violence.

WHERE: Clinical Delivery, 3621 State St. WHEN: Wednesday at about 2:30 p.m. WHAT: Several items, totaling $100 in value, were stolen since Jan. 1, University Police reported. An investigation is pending on a person of interest.

Lecture on hacking culture


MORE ONLINE Love Crime Notes?

WHAT: Dug Song, CEO of Duo Security, will talk hackers, innovation and the drive for creative destruction. WHO: School of Information WHEN: Today from 3:30 p.m. to 5 p.m. WHERE: North Quad Residence Hall, Ehrlicher Room

Get more online at Wire

A previous version of the article “Taubman’s blended blueprint: Architecture school a nexus of disciplines” from the Jan. 16 b-side did not include the full name of the college. It is the A. Alfred Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning. The last name for Gerry Kreiner was also misspelled in the same article. . l Please report any error in the Daily to


California is notorious for their wildfire problems. A massive blaze, already 1,700 acres large, is causing havoc north of Los Angeles, The Daily Beast reported. Three individuals have been taken into custody in connection with the fire.


Higher education was notably absent from Snyder’s State of the State last night. Instead, the governor spoke in generalities, probably a product of this being an election year. >> FOR MORE, SEE OPINION, PAGE 4


Israel is one step closer to criminalizing the word “Nazi.” Parliament gave intial approval Wednesday of a bill that would also forbid the use of Third Reich era slurs and symbols, the New York Times reported.

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University leads charge in Google reveals glucose national anti-smoking effort monitoring contact lenses Amid new tobacco research, smoking continues to decline By KAITLIN ZURDOSKY Daily Staff Reporter

As research on the dangers of smoking continues to accumulate, the University’s smokefree initiative is proving to be a model for institutions across the nation.

The Surgeon General reported Thursday an estimated 16 million Americans are living with a smoking-related disease. Another half million Americans die from smoking-related diseases each year, and tobacco use remains the leading cause of death both domestically and globally. “This is a uniquely damaging health problem in our society. Nothing else approaches it,” said Cliff Douglas, director of the University of Michigan

Tobacco Research Network and consulting adviser on tobacco control policy for the U.S. Assistant Secretary for Health. In September 2012, the School of Public Health, Douglas’s direction launched the national Tobacco-Free College Campus Initiative. As a partner in the initiative, the School of Public Health, in association with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and the American College Health Association, conducted a national effort to eliminate smoking on college campuses across the country. The University’s Smoke-Free Campus Initiative, under the direction of Robert Winfield, chief health officer and director of University Health Service was, launched in July 2011 due to concerns from students and staff smoking around common campus buildings and living areas. Students and faculty were supplied with free counseling, nicotine gum and patches to help them quit smoking. The program has proven successful, with research showing a drop in smoking across campus. Since the policy didn’t carry the force of law, the program was not enforced by University Police. Rather, to prepare people around campus, advertising began a year and a half before the initiative’s launch to inform the public about the transition. The primary communication medium involves placing signs on all trashcans around campus to inform visitors of the policy and serve as a reminder for students and faculty. In the 16 months following a national rollout, the initiative has found many successes. At least 1,182 campuses around the nation are smoke-free, reflecting an increase in national smoke-free campus policies of 52.7 percent. Many campuses, including the University’s, are also completely tobacco-free.

New contacts check blood sugar in tears of diabetes patients

MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif. (AP) — Google unveiled Thursday a contact lens that monitors glucose levels in tears, a potential reprieve for millions of diabetics who have to jab their fingers to draw their own blood as many as 10 times a day. The prototype, which Google says will take at least five years to reach consumers, is one of several medical devices being designed by companies to make glucose monitoring for diabetic patients more convenient and less invasive than the traditional finger pricks. The lenses use a minuscule glucose sensor and a wireless transmitter to help those among the world’s 382 million diabetics who need insulin keep a close watch on their blood sugar and adjust their dose. The contact lenses were developed during the past 18 months in the clandestine Google X lab that also came up with a driverless car, Google’s Web-surfing eyeglasses and Project Loon, a network of large balloons designed to beam the Internet to unwired places. But research on the contact lenses began several years earlier at the University of Washington, where scientists worked under National Science Foundation funding. Until Thursday, when Google shared the project with The Associated Press, their work had been kept under wraps. “You can take it to a certain level in an academic setting, but at Google we were given the latitude to invest in this project,” said one of the lead researchers, Brian Otis. “The beautiful thing is we’re leveraging all of the innovation in the semiconductor industry that was aimed at making cellphones smaller and more powerful.” American Diabetes Associa-

tion board chair Dwight Holing said he’s gratified that creative scientists are searching for solutions for people with diabetes but warned that the device must provide accurate and timely information. “People with diabetes base very important health care decisions on the data we get from our monitors,” he said. The device looked like a typical contact lens when Otis held one on his index finger. On closer examination, sandwiched in the lens are two twinkling glitter-specks loaded with tens of thousands of miniaturized transistors. It’s ringed with a hairthin antenna. “It doesn’t look like much, but it was a crazy amount of work to get everything so very small,” Otis said at Google’s Silicon Valley headquarters. It took years of soldering hair-thin wires to miniaturize electronics, essentially building tiny chips from scratch, to make what Otis said is the smallest wireless glucose sensor ever made. Other non-needle glucose monitoring systems are also in the works, including a similar contact lens by Netherlands-based NovioSense, a minuscule, flexible spring that is tucked under an eyelid. Israel-based OrSense has already tested a thumb cuff, and there have been early designs for tattoos and saliva sensors. A wristwatch monitor was approved by the FDA in 2001, but patients said the low level electric currents pulling fluid from their skin was painful, and it was buggy. “There are a lot of people who have big promises,” said Dr. Christopher Wilson, CEO of NovioSense. “It’s just a question of who gets to market with something that really works first.” Palo Alto Medical Foundation endocrinologist Dr. Larry Levin said it was remarkable and important that a tech firm like Google is getting into the medical field, and that he’d like to be able to offer his patients a

pain-free alternative from either pricking their fingers or living with a thick needle embedded in their stomach for constant monitoring. “Google, they’re innovative, they are up on new technologies, and also we have to be honest here, the driving force is money,” he said. Worldwide, the glucose monitoring devices market is expected to be more than $16 billion by the end of this year, according to analysts at Renub Research. The Google team built the wireless chips in clean rooms, and used advanced engineering to get integrated circuits and a glucose sensor into such a small space. Researchers also had to build in a system to pull energy from incoming radio frequency waves to power the device enough to collect and transmit one glucose reading per second. The embedded electronics in the lens don’t obscure vision because they lie outside the eye’s pupil and iris. Google is now looking for partners with experience bringing similar products to market. Google officials declined to say how many people worked on the project, or how much the firm has invested in it. An early, outsourced clinical research study with real patients was encouraging, but there are many potential pitfalls yet to come, said University of North Carolina diabetes researcher Dr. John Buse, who was briefed by Google on the lens last week. “This has the potential to be a real game changer,” he said, “but the devil is in the details.” Among those is figuring out how to correlate glucose levels in tears as compared with blood. And what happens on windy days, while chopping onions or during very sad movies? As with any medical device, it would need to be tested and proved accurate, safe, and at least as good as other types of glucose sensors available now to win FDA approval.


The Michigan Daily —

HIRING From Page 1 covered criminal offenses committed within the state of Michigan. So crimes committed in other states, including crimes that signify that applicants should not be around children, could be unknown to the University. Athletic Camp Administrator Katie Miranto expressed her concern regarding this system last September during the School of Social Work-sponsored seminar. “I can’t even describe to you how many gaps there are and how nervous I get over the summer,” Miranto said in September. “It’s very hard to sleep.” Associate Athletic Director David Ablauf, said in a statement that Miranto’s candid comments

INCLUSION From Page 1 diversity and inclusion. “We’re as frustrated as the students, but we’re very committed to these topics,” said Regent Denise Ilitch (D) in December. However, the University has largely refrained from offering up specific initiatives or programs until Thursday’s message. In an interview with The Michigan Daily on Tuesday, University President Mary Sue Coleman said students could soon expect to hear more about the University’s progress on the issue. She also said diversity was a significant topic in conversations with students. “It was very good to get the issues out on the table, talk about how students felt, talk about what they thought should be done and that work will continue,” Coleman said. She added that institutions will never finish striving toward more diverse and inclusive campuses and must constantly work to improve. “It’s always something we need to be aware of and I hope we can make some good progress rapidly,” Coleman said. Stemming from conversations with regents, administrators, faculty and students, Pollack and Harper have identified three key areas requiring immediate attention. They include improving the campus climate, increasing minority enrollment and addressing issues at the Trotter Multicultural Center. Though Pollack cited the BBUM campaign as a major factor in influencing the University’s approach to the issues, LSA senior Tyrell Collier, speaker of the Black Student Union, said the University did not work with the group to plan potential initiatives. Collier said he plans to review Pollack’s recommendations over the weekend, since the Thursday e-mail message was the first he had heard from the administration on the new initiatives. However, students have previously voiced concerns over the location and the condition of the Trotter Multicultural Center for several years. At an April 2012 fireside chat with Coleman and Harper, students asked about relocating the center to be closer to campus. “I think that this issue of space and a multicultural center closer in itself isn’t a bad idea,” Harper said at the chat. “But it’s a continual struggle around space and

demonstrate the department’s commitment to improvement. “We were part of a public seminar to do just that — to be open and transparent about our strengths, as well as our areas of improvement,” Ablauf said. The new checks, conducted by University Human Resources and a corporate background screening company called General Information Services, comprise checking the potential employee’s criminal background and the national sex offender registry in the states in which applicants have declared residency or have an established credit history over the past seven years. After seven years, it is illegal for employers to access information on criminal offenses that did not result in conviction. Administrators of programs

involving children on campus are also now required to register their program in a University-wide, web-based registry. Universitysponsored programs involving children were previously managed on a department or college level. The streamlined policy, Varner said, will allow University personnel to better understand the obligations for ensuring children on campus can safely enjoy their stay. She noted the campus community’s enthusiasm to receive the policy. “We’re really appreciative of shared commitment to ensure children are welcome to our campus and that they are provided with a healthy, secure place to play and learn,” Varner said.

priorities and what gets put in the space.” In the e-mail, Pollack said students, faculty and staff have reported Trotter “needs a fundamental rethinking and ideally should be moved closer to the central campus.” By the end of the semester, Pollack said she hopes to prepare a renovation plan that will include input from students in planning and design. The University hopes to prepare Trotter’s infrastructure and make the space more comfortable and inviting. In the long-term, Pollack said the University will also examine the possibility of relocating the center. In an October 2013 interview before the Theta Xi incident and BBUM campaign, Coleman said there had not been conversations to relocate the Trotter Center. She said she and her husband personally donated funds to the Trotter Center for renovations early in her career. Coleman added that the center is “basically across the street” and there is often strength in having multicultural offices spread across campus to provide multiple access points for students to engage in challenging topics. “It’s important for every group to see the University as a place where you can expound on ideas, you can talk about your experiences, you can bring all of these to the fore,” Coleman said. “We work hard at this, but we’re not perfect. I understand that.” However, Coleman said simple conversation alone will not resolve the challenges of inclusion. “I don’t think it’s enough to just bring people together who have had different life experiences and expect everything to be fine,” Coleman said. “You have to find ways for people to talk to each other, ways for people to engage in difficult dialogues.” In the fall, Harper hopes to launch an inclusion-focused program in each of the University’s residence halls. A pilot of the program was completed this fall in the Couzens and East Quad Residence Halls. In those programs, students took part in discussions focused on identity, bystander intervention and inclusive leadership. Pollack said she also plans to create a new administrative post to focus on advancing minority recruitment and retention goals. “We know, for instance, that some prospective underrepresented minority students who are accepted by the university choose to enroll elsewhere, and

we recognize that we need to take action, within the law, to encourage those students to enroll here,” Pollack wrote. On Tuesday, Coleman said though applications and acceptances of minority students are increasing, the challenge is convincing students to attend, especially since Proposal 2 prevents the University from offering scholarships earmarked for minority applicants. “We have to work very hard and we need to consistently work on how do we get students to come to Michigan,” Coleman said. “We also want to make sure that once students come here they have a good experience and we have an inclusive, welcoming environment and that’s the piece students were telling us we need to work on.” When Lester Monts, senior vice provost for academic affairs, steps down from the position to return to teaching this summer, Pollack plans to appoint his successor to the role of vice provost for educational equity and inclusion. The administrator will be responsible for creating a strategy related to expanding academic programs to “prepare students for success in a diverse world,” recruiting and retaining diverse faculty, and ensuring increased access for minority students. To generate further steps for improvement, Pollack said a group of associate deans has already been organized to evaluate and provide recommendations for expanding current programs that focus on diversity. Pollack said their work should be completed in time for the 2014-2015 budget process, which is presented in June. In order to include input from students, faculty and staff, Pollack will create a committee to develop additional programs and policy changes. She said the committee will develop short-term actions that can be implemented within one to two years, and longer proposals that could come to fruition in three to five years. Pollack wrote that it is imperative that the University lead on issues like the ones raised by the BBUM campaign. “Michigan has a proud history of fighting for social justice, including taking the fight to promote diversity all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court,” Pollack wrote. “We must honor that legacy and push ourselves to take the lead on issues of equity and diversity along all dimensions, setting the example for public institutions across the country.”



STARBUCKS From Page 1 campus. The Union location will also accept Blue Bucks. While businesses in the Union are often competitive, students will be able to use the large common seating area next to Au Bon Pain as well as the limited seating within Starbucks itself. According to Susan Pile, director of the Michigan Union, the two stores will not view each other as competitors, but will instead aim to work together to create a friendly, relaxing area for students to enjoy. “We think that they are going to be complementary in what they offer and that together actually provide a lot of great options

BIDEN From Page 1 ity, we bet on you and we won,” Biden said. Biden ended his remarks by commending America’s entrepreneurial spirit and ability of individuals to create new concepts, ideas and industries. He cited the two characteristics Americans hold most dear: the ability to reinvent themselves with a “constant flow” of new immigrants and ideas, and the capacity to challenge conventional ideas. Wayne County Executive Bob Ficano and Macomb County Executive Mark Hackel, among other city politicians and auto industry executives, attended the speech. Newly-elected Detroit Mayor Mike Duggan introduced Biden on stage. Duggan described Biden as the “fiercest advocate” for car companies in the White House. The two spent Wednesday evening discussing the future of the city ahead of the address. “Detroit never forgets those who were with us when we’re down,” Duggan said. In 2012, the University

Friday, January 17, 2014 — 3 for our campus community,” Pile said. LSA senior Alex Abdun-Nabi, chair of the Michigan Union Board of Representatives, said in a statement that the two franchises should create a more welcoming, upbeat spirit in the Union. “Starbucks is very popular for their specialty and seasonal drinks, and having one at the center of campus in the Michigan Union will be welcomed by many students,” Abdun-Nabi said. “Starbucks will fit well with Au Bon Pain — creating a lively atmosphere on the first floor in the Union.” Despite the renovations, designers worked to maintain the Union’s historic architecture by preserving the windows,

arches and brick walls of the original space, but added minor modifications to mesh with the atmosphere of Starbucks. These renovations also took longer than initially planned, with the opening date delayed from the initial November launch. Pile said the new location would bring students together and give them a new location to socialize and study. “Coffee brings people together and that’s really what the Union is all about,” Pile said. “And so I think we knew all along that it was important to have a coffee shop and Starbucks is that name that students know and love, so it seemed like a natural connection.”

Research Corridor played a vital role in the auto industry’s recovery. The research consortium — comprised of the University, Michigan State University and Wayne State University — awarded more than 3,600 degrees in auto-related fields. According to a 2012 report from the URC, the universities spent more than $300 million on over 1,400 autorelated research projects. The report said the three universities were involved in every aspect of the industry’s innovation progress, from conducting basic research to producing mass production. “Even though the auto industry is changing dramatically, it’s still a very important part of the Michigan economy, and the innovation in the auto industry is something that fits very well with the research agendas of the universities,” University President Mary Sue Coleman said in 2012. Legislators and business leaders have urged the federal government to assist in Detroit’s recovery, Coleman has encouraged students to contribute to its resurgence as well. In July, Coleman addressed nearly 300 students interning in the Motor City for the summer,

calling on them to participate in the city’s restoration. “We all know that there’s a lot of work to do, but right now, it’s more important that we recognize the powerful, youthful energy that we feel as real momentum in Detroit,” Coleman said at the event. “We all have stake in Detroit’s turnaround, and we can all play a role.” Toward the beginning of her tenure in 2005, Coleman opened the University’s Detroit Center to create a concrete connection between the University and the city. Nearly a decade after the center’s inception, the University established the MDetroit Center Connector in October to encourage students to visit or work in the city. The bus route makes five stops in the Motor City, including downtown, the Cultural Center and the Detroit Center itself, and recently announced plans to add mid-week service. Funded by the Transforming Learning for the Third Century Fund, the commuter grants students a free trip to the Detroit Center every Wednesday through Sunday. The funding is part of a $50 million campaign aimed at improving instruction at the University.


4 — Friday, January 17, 2014

The Michigan Daily —


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Unsigned editorials reflect the official position of the Daily’s editorial board. All other signed articles and illustrations represent solely the views of their authors.


Stuck in politics Snyder must not prioritize reelection over the betterment of lives


hile a State of the State address is typically held to discuss future goals and upcoming issues, Gov. Rick Snyder seemed intent on examining the past. Up for reelection in November, Snyder was eager to expound on his accomplishments in the past year, ignoring many controversial and critical issues important to voters. When the governor did speak about Michigan’s future, he spoke vaguely, without presenting a concrete plan of action. The overly nostalgic speech raises questions about the purpose of the address and suggests that Snyder is more focused on reelection than on improving the lives of citizens through substantive policy changes. Though circumspect, Snyder did touch on a number of issues important for Michigan’s forward progress. Arguing that immigration to the state would help Michigan’s economic recovery along, the governor announced that he would be creating the Office for New Americans by executive order to attract talented immigrants to Michigan. Snyder also pledged continued investment in Michigan roads, acknowledging that the changing climate has been creating potholes. And in light of the recent tragedy in New Mexico, Snyder’s support of mental health in conjunction with school safety was a welcome talking point. The rest of Snyder’s speech failed to address key issues — issues that are not only important to Michigan, but are also issues that he has supported in the past. This was most likely an attempt to appeal to a wide range of voters. While Snyder did bring up the environment — declaring his distaste for Asian carp and other invasive species — renewable energy was surprisingly absent. The governor has openly supported green energy in the past year, pointing out that investing in these forms of energy will create a cheaper, cleaner source of energy. Also missing was the passage of the Abortion Insurance Opt-Out Act, which he did not support. In his effort to avoid criticism in the highprofile speech, Snyder elected not to address a number of disappointments from his administration. Recently, Snyder’s tenure has become marred with controversies stemming from a lack of government transparency. In October, Snyder was forced to shut down his New Energy to Reinvent and Diversify Fund due to reports that the money was being used to bankroll living expenses for Detroit Emergency Manager Kevyn Orr, the salary of Snyder’s adviser Rich

Baird and even the installation of an alarm system and new furniture in Snyder’s Ann Arbor home. Furthering the controversy, he refused to reveal the names of the fund’s donors. In late December — going back on a campaign promise — the governor signed a bill that solidified non-disclosure laws for donors of issue ads and doubled the political campaign contribution limit. Transparency is crucial to reducing voters’ agency costs and ensuring that government representatives are acting in the best interest of those who elected them. Snyder needs to shake this troubling trend and show Michigan residents that he has nothing to hide. Higher education funding was also notably absent from Snyder’s speech. Since Snyder has taken office, funding for higher education has taken a cut of more than 11 percent. Tuition increases are an effect of these cuts, as universities struggle to find other sources of income or reign in spending. This was especially apparent last fall, when Wayne State University forfeited $534,700 in performance-based funding. Because the state was not funding the university sufficiently, Wayne State opted to raise tuition in order to gain a financial footing the state couldn’t offer. Snyder should not be encouraging further cuts. He should be increasing higher education funds to alleviate the mounting student debt young Michiganders feel today. Snyder’s speech merely celebrated the past achievements of his term in office, and failed to confront the pressing issues of Michigan’s future. Hot topic issues such as green energy, higher education funding, transparency and the “Rape Insurance Bill” were markedly absent. While this may have been for the benefit of his upcoming campaign, the governor lacks foresight of what matters most to Michigan voters.


Say no to GMOs?

If you don’t yet know of the war being waged within our food industry, now is the time to become informed. On Jan. 10, Maine became the second state to require genetically modified organisms — more commonly referred to as GMOs — to be labeled on food packaging. However, like Connecticut, Maine’s bill will not go into effect until five neighboring states pass similar laws. Bill backers claim this provision was necessary in both states in order to create larger support for the legislation. Citizens aren’t just concerned about GMO labeling; they’re also worried about food production. Last November, Kauai County City Council in Hawaii passed legislation requiring large agricultural companies to disclose pesticide use, specify GMO crops and to create buffer zones between pesticide-sprayed fields and public areas such as hospitals and schools. The law is set to take effect in August. Merely two months after its passage, the three largest agribusinesses in Kauai — DuPont, Syngenta and Agrigenetics Inc. — filed a lawsuit against the legislation, citing it as unconstitutional. Spokespeople for the companies claim the ordinance is arbitrary and the county has no jurisdiction in the matter. These recent laws and ordinances have propelled the discussion surrounding pesticides and genetically modifed foods. GMO dissenters urge the public to act swiftly and precisely in the ensuing debate. In particular, the American Academy of Environmental Medicine claimed GMOs have the potential to be harmful to the environment and humans based on animal studies showing organ damage, gastrointestinal issues, immune system disorders, accelerated aging and infertility. They advise the nation to proceed with caution. Similarly, the American Public Health Association and American Nurses Association condemn certain genetically modified growth hormones due to the fact that some cows treated with the products have been found to generate milk containing a dramatic increase in a hormone linked to cancer. The public has viable reason to be distrustful of this new technology. Biotech giant — and perhaps one of the biggest bullies in the corporate world — Monsanto previously manufactured controversial products such as Agent Orange,

PCBs and the insecticide DDT. Today, it possesses a large stake in the GMO and pesticide market. Monsanto was the first corporation to successfully patent a genetically modified seed under intellectual patenting laws. It has become notorious for filing lawsuits against patent infringement and has succeeded in creating many obstacles for small and independent farmers. With this corruption and ambiguity in mind, it would be easy to dismiss GMOs altogether and rid our world of their toxins. However, we shouldn’t be so quick to jump the gun. Several GMOs have been successfully created to improve food quality across the globe. In the 1990s, devastation and desolation marked papaya groves throughout Hawaii, where farmers were plagued with the vicious ringspot virus. Plant pathologist Dennis Gonsalves soon stepped in to lead a team of public-sector scientists in genetically modifying the papaya fruit to resist the deadly virus. This modified papaya, known as the Rainbow, effectively helped the papaya farming industry live on and thrive. Today, three-quarters of the papayas harvested in Hawaii are the genetically modified Rainbow plant. GMOs have also been constructed to aid preventions in world hunger. Golden Rice — genetically modified to withstand herbicides sold by Monsanto, resist insect attacks and provide a new source of vitamin A to impoverished people — is looking to be approved for production in the Philippines during the next couple of years. If approved, Golden Rice will be sold at the same price as other rice and will remain unpatented, giving farmers free reign to save and plant their seeds from year to year. It’s hard to decide where to stand in the whole GMO debate. The technology is relatively new, and like all new technologies, it faces unabashed criticism and praise. Both sides have marketed their reasons so intensely that it’s hard to decide which information to trust. There are many qualms surrounding genetic modification in the food industry and no easy solutions in sight. The public should proceed with caution, remaining skeptical but perhaps also retaining a sense of optimism. Aarica Marsh is an LSA junior.


It’s snow good

ightfully, students at the University value numerous campus traditions, from painting the rock, to football Saturdays, to commencement at the Big House. In short, this is a tradition-rich school. Through our participation in these activiALEXANDER ties, our enrollHERMANN ment and the maize and blue attire we don, we demonstrate Wolverine pride in support of such traditions. But not all Michigan traditions are created equal. Specifically, I’m referring to the University’s customary refusal to close down for extreme winter weather — which hasn’t occurred since 1978 — especially when hundreds of schools and every other peer-institution across the state shut their doors. Michigan received its latest test last Monday and Tuesday, as cities across Southeast Michigan saw record-low temperatures, astonishing wind chills and virtually impassable roads due to snow and ice. Although regular classes didn’t begin until Wednesday, some graduate seminars had begun and thousands of staff members were still expected to report for work. Fortunately, there’s some hope that this policy — for lack of a better word — might soon be overturned in favor of a superior tradition: common sense, good judgment and a concern

for student safety. On Monday, University Provost Martha Pollack announced the creation of a committee to review the University’s entirely nonexistent procedure for shutting down when extreme inclement weather strikes. According to Pollack, the University currently has no guidelines for determining essential and nonessential staff in cases of extreme weather, and thus “doesn’t have the appropriate mechanisms (to close), even if we wanted to.” You read correctly — the University possesses no means of dealing with severe weather. The shortsightedness demonstrated by a major university situated in a state where heavy snowfalls and extreme temperatures are inevitable several times per winter is absolutely dumbfounding. The snow and cold aren’t unforeseeable, unthinkable or inconceivable outcomes, regardless of inch or degree. And demanding basic policies to deal with inevitabilities isn’t an onerous request. Further, the defense of this tradition doesn’t hold any weight. Even if the University isn’t exactly a commuter school, a significant percentage of students — especially graduate students — live far off campus, and an even greater number of faculty and staff drive to work every day.

Additionally, for two days before classes started, a majority of master’s students at the Ford School of Public Policy — totaling over 100 students — attended the program’s Integrated Policy Exercise, a three-day simulation of a reallife contemporary policy problem. Many students, including regular commuters and travelers returning from Winter Break, had to decide between braving the worst of the polar vortex and missing IPE entirely. Students missing day one had to disenroll from the class. Fortunately, with only minor alterations to the class, IPE continued as planned. The worst consequences for students were minor scheduling inconveniences, one fewer credit hour and the need to take IPE next year alternatively for most students who missed the program. Otherwise, IPE was undoubtedly a success. What becomes clear for the University, however, is the need to break with tradition and establish something new. Reasonable, clear and effective — hell, I might even take existent — procedures are needed to deal with the very predictable problem of hazardous weather hitting Ann Arbor.

The University needs to break with tradition and establish a better severe weather policy.

— Alexander Hermann can be reached at


Kaan Avdan, Sharik Bashir, Barry Belmont, James Brennan, Rima Fadlallah, Eric Ferguson, Nivedita Karki, Jordyn Kay, Jesse Klein, Kellie Halushka, Aarica Marsh, Megan McDonald, Victoria Noble, Michael Schramm, Matthew Seligman, Daniel Wang, Derek Wolfe


A system, not an ideology

Let’s talk about race. Wait. Did you feel that quiver in your boot? I do almost every time the topic comes up. And that’s perfectly fine and understandable, because race discussions, dialogues and debates rarely end respectfully and are often cast as “us vs. them.” These conversations frequently start in one of two ways. The first is with a generally curious question after an article is posted on Facebook. The second is in general, everyday conversations between people — people who are more than their race, but who at times forget the complexity we’re all entitled to have as humans. So, being a little uncomfortable is OK. It means you’re learning. Recently, I have noticed a sentiment surfacing in many of the conversations I see about race. I wanted to talk about this sentiment — this question, really — that I’ve observed. It’s a question that, before I gained a deeper understanding this past semester, I would ask others while trying to weed through what we have come to call race and racism. The question: “Well, isn’t that racist against white people?” Well, no. I know, I know, your mind is blown, right? I didn’t believe it either. How could the same racist behavior against someone who is white not be racism? The reason is that racism — despite


Snyder should better protect the Great Lakes TO THE DAILY: As young citizens of Michigan, we need to push Governor Rick Snyder to drastically reduce our dependency on fossil fuels that pollute our environment and communities. I share this sense of urgency with the Michi-

popular belief — is not an ideology. Racism is a system. This revelation was a shocker for me. As a biracial person — white and Black (note the omission of half there) — I have often felt a need to understand these concepts to, in some way, reconcile my heritages. In the years I’ve been at the University, while I acknowledged the fact I had much more to learn, I felt that I was truly coming to an understanding of it all. After all, I was the person who would start the debate on the Upworthy article posted on Facebook and could hold the conversation. And now racism isn’t an ideology? It just didn’t make sense. I was confronted with this assumption during a class trip to the Charles H. Wright Museum. While there, I challenged a friend on her views toward white people (I’ll admit, I was slightly offended) and asked the golden question, “How is that not racist against white people?” Her response — slightly akin to stand-up comedian Aamer Rahman’s response — was that it wasn’t racist because racism is a system. “Reverse racism isn’t a thing, Michael,” she said. I was uncomfortable and so I didn’t believe her at first. I took it as her opinion, not necessarily as a scholarly view on the topic, because I just didn’t understand it. That’s what I was used to: everyone had their own

ideas of what was and wasn’t racist. Or so I thought. Then I saw Aamer’s routine and read an article by writer Olivia Cole about white students who filed a discrimination suit against a Black teacher. I looked into Jane Elliot’s modules on racism and discrimination and finally it clicked. Racism is a system. Granted, discrimination can go across the racial divide, yes, but racism cannot. Racism is the divide. Anyone can discriminate and be discriminated against, but racism is reserved for those in power in a particular social structure. Does that make the discrimination OK? Of course not. In a world growing ever more diverse, we need to learn how to close this divide. As the late Nelson Mandela once said, “Like slavery and apartheid, poverty is not natural. It is man-made and it can be overcome and eradicated by the actions of human beings.” Racism is among those man-made constructions. Its deconstruction — its eradication, even — can only start with understanding and learning to be OK with being uncomfortable. After all, like Kid President said, “If you want to change the world you have to know about it.” Michael Chrzan is an LSA and Education junior.

Send letters to: gan Sierra Club, which is calling on the governor to be a better leader for our environment. If he calls himself the “Great Lakes Governor,” it’s time for him to get serious about protecting the Great Lakes. Fossil-fuel development is being done irresponsibly in Michigan; in fact, it uses the most water per well in the entire nation (20-30 million gallons of water per well as opposed to the typical 5-8 million). This is water that will be

mixed with harmful chemicals — like the carcinogen benzene — and will be stored underground where it can contaminate our lakes and the drinking water that we depend on. I hope Snyder will discuss tangible and strong energy proposals during the coming months with Michigan’s environment, youth and our future in mind. Marissa Solomon Public Policy junior

The Michigan Daily —



Kronos Quartet to enchant ‘U’ String group strives to make orchestral music relatable By KATHLEEN DAVIS Daily Arts Writer

When envisioning a string quartet, one generally thinks of soothing Mozart melodies in stuffy concert halls filled Kronos with a tired, Quartet geriatric audience. The Kronos Quar- Power Center tet wants to Friday and take cliché Saturday and spin it at 8 p.m. 180 degrees. $20 No musical group is quite as genre-defying as Kronos. As the talents behind the hauntingly beautiful soundtracks composed by Clint Mansell for Darren Aronofsky’s films “Requiem for a Dream” and “The Fountain,” the quartet can also boast experience performing alongside an expansive list of famous artists, such as David Bowie, Paul McCartney and Björk, and have appeared on recordings for Nelly Furtado, Dave Matthews Band and Nine Inch Nails. Their independent discography includes 43 studio albums, five soundtracks and two compilations. Based in San Francisco, the group received a Grammy award in 2004 for Best Chamber Music Performance, seven first-prize American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers Awards and the Polar Music prize in 2011. David Harrington, who

formed the quartet in 1973, plays violin alongside fellow violinist John Sherba, violist Hank Dutt, and cellist Sunny Yang. Although members have come and gone, Harrington has been a constant presence in Kronos for the past 40 years. Harrington accredits Kronos’ four-decade success to maintaining a balance between staying in step with mainstream media and not letting expectations define what the quartet could be. “I read the newspaper every morning and I try to find out what’s going on,” Harrington said. “I try to not limit my explorations throughout the world of music and not to observe anyone else’s definitions of what might be of interest to (Kronos).” Despite touring and public performance on the road, Kronos maintains a close working relationship with composer Clint Mansell and director Darren Aronofsky. Internationally, Kronos has collaborated with artists from every corner of the world, including Inuit throat singer Tanya Tagaq, Chinese pipa player Wu Man and Mexican rock band Café Tacvba. The quartet also doesn’t shy away from passion projects. In 1994, Kronos performed a musical accompaniment alongside Allen Ginsberg as he read his controversial poem “Howl” inside Carnegie Hall. Kronos has also been associated with critically acclaimed political documentaries, including “How to Survive a Plague,” about the early years of the AIDS epidemic, and “Dirty Wars,” an investigation of alleged U.S. government cover-

ups of overseas military operations — which Harrington acted as music supervisor for. “Ever since I was a teenager, I wanted some way to be able to express some of the things I personally felt,” Harrington said. “I thought, ‘What can a normal person do in this situation to voice their outrage about what the world was going through?’ I realized it was possible to make musical experiences really reflect the time we’re apart of.” Kronos prides itself on staying in tune with the next generation of young composers. The quartet has acted on this through a relatively recent initiative: the creation of the Kronos: Under 30 Project. Incepted in 2003 to celebrate the group’s 30th anniversary, the program has accepted over 1,000 applications all over the world from young composers. The quartet selects one outstanding piece every few years to play on tour, helping young composers launch their careers while keeping the quartet at the cutting edge of string music. “What has happened since (Kronos: Under 30 Project) is that our music is getting younger and younger, because younger composers have realized that Kronos is interested and our ears are open,” Harrington said. “If there’s someone with a real viewpoint and amazing talent and a voice that needs to be heard, we’re going to try and find that person.” Harrington said he hopes that prospective audience members — especially the young ones — in Ann Arbor won’t shy away from the idea of a string quartet concert.


Forward thinking ‘The Fall’ By NATALIE GADBOIS Senior Arts Editor

It begins with a nighttime routine. Put your hair up, wash your face, wipe down the sink. Contemplate the day ahead before crawling into bed. Then, the murder. Deviance is built into everyday life; violence is the terrifying exception to the regular “make the kids’ lunches,” “take the dry cleaning in,” “reschedule that meeting for next Tuesday.” Normalcy is followed by inhumanity. Mundane life threatened with violence; this is the style of the BBC series “The Fall,” about a serial killer living in Belfast and the seasoned investigator brought in to find him. Jamie Dornan, recently chosen to play the sexually aggressive Christian Grey in the new “50 Shades of Grey” movie, is fittingly cast as Paul Spector, a charming serial killer who specializes in the murder of young professional women. Gillian Anderson (“The X-Files”) plays Stella Gibson, the detached investigator from London trying to uncover the monster behind a spate of female strangulations. At first, “The Fall” looked like another pulpy thriller — the kind that draws you in with violence and sadism even though you know you should look away. In the first episode, we watch a murder unfold: we see the break-in, the struggle and a terrible death. But the episode doesn’t end with a body, but rather with the murderer lovingly tucking his daughter into bed. The pilot establishes the paradox between loving father and methodical murderer, letting us know right away that this guy has deep issues with women. We are confused and fascinated by Paul — drawn in by the universal obsession with things that go bump in the night. Because of this, at first it doesn’t register that the writers are quietly establishing a feminist agenda that complicates the way we view both Paul and Gibson. Detective Gibson is understandably intimidating to anyone;

Friday, January 17, 2014 — 5



Arya and Gendry 5ever.

A vigorous defense of the art of relationship shipping By GRACE PROSINEWSKI Senior Arts Editor

Whether you’re enduring a seemingly endless hiatus (“Sherlock”) or mourning the death of your favorite character (“Downton Abbey”), fandoms can be a source of comfort — where you can bond with like-minded people who don’t question why you’re openly weeping over the demise of a fictional character. One of the most enjoyable parts of belonging to a fandom is shipping, or romantically pairing, certain characters together. Ships can be canon, meaning characters are officially paired off in the original work, or they can be non-canon “crack” ships, where there is practically no chance of the characters being united in the original source material. I typically anchor myself to canonical ships, as “crack” ships can, and often do, get weird ... fast. However, there are a few characters so blatantly perfect for one another that imagining them ending up with anyone else is unfathomable, even if the original writer thinks otherwise. Neville Longbottom and Luna Lovegood (“Harry Potter” series)


Fifty shades of flannel.

whip-smart, no-nonsense and seasoned to handle even the most brutal murders. She is a powerful force regardless of her gender. But the other characters’ wariness of her can’t be the result of simple intimidation; she is an authoritative, competent and archetypally masculine woman. We have seen these kinds of women on television before — Olivia Pope from “Scandal” or Dr. Temperance Brennan from “Bones.” But unlike Gibson, these women are often invincible only until their own emotions get in the way. They are masculine until they show proper female emotion, and powerful until they crack and admit they need help. In contrast, Gibson never fits into gender norms, which makes her

Strong women showcased in BBC drama the most susceptible to judgment. For example, in the third episode her top button comes undone during a press conference, and as she calmly informs the public about the murders of three women, the media instead focuses on her “sexiness.” She brings a

man home for a one-night stand, and when she feels nothing afterwards, she is judged for having neither moral scruples or guilt. She is a woman who acts entirely on her own needs, but because she doesn’t live in a vacuum, she is forced to face the social implications of her actions. Many crime shows disregard any sort of nuanced social commentary, instead focusing on simplistic ideas of good and evil, justice and retribution. “The Fall” dares to question societal norms, reminding us that even in the face of senseless murder, real people still live in a world where many of their greatest problems are intangible and bloodless. Murderers and thieves and rapists aren’t created in a vacuum; other people and outside ideas affect their rise. Gibson and Specter are distinctly new characters within the overdone world of crime thrillers. Both are psychologically complex; both in rebellion against social constructs; both sympathetic without being likeable. “The Fall” doesn’t overtly inundate us with theories and ideas, but instead creates everyday lives wracked with violence and obsession. We are hooked because we want to understand who this terrible man is, and “The Fall” begins to explain by first exposing the society and environment that shaped him.

I will not hear of any universe where Neville and Luna from “Harry Potter” do not end up together. In my opinion, this is one of the rare instances when movie canon trumps book canon. It’s the ultimate opposites-attract story, with the shy awkwardness of Neville contrasting, yet complementing, the sheer absurdity and ethereality of Luna. Now, technically, after the books ended, J.K. Rowling announced on her website that Luna ended up with Rolf Scamander and Neville with Hannah Abbott. However, she did later come out and say that she could see



a relationship between Neville and Luna working out. That, and the fact that the relationship made it into the movie, is enough for me. Eponine and Enjolras (“Les Misérables”) Eponine is the reason every teenage girl gets into the musical “Les Misérables.” Eponine’s unrequited love for Marius is the stuff diary entries are made of, albeit super violent French diaries. As you get older, you start to see some problems with this storyline. Eponine is a badass street chick who manages to become a decent person in spite of her crazy parents. In short, she’s awesome. But Marius falls for the dainty, bland Cosette. Don’t get me wrong, Cosette went through some serious stuff

Falling in love is a form of socially acceptable insanity as a kid, but as a character she doesn’t wow me in quite the same way. Instead of the obviously blind Marius, Eponine should go for the daring, passionate leader Enjolras. He’s got so much more to offer in terms of real substance. And if the character looks anything like Aaron Tveit ... well, that’s just a bonus. Jack Frost (“Rise of the Guardians”) and Elsa (“Frozen”) I, like many people, am completely obsessed with the movie “Frozen.” However, I’m going to be completely honest — I have never seen “Rise of the Guardians.” I know little to nothing

about it, but after reading one BuzzFeed article extolling the praises of a Jack Frost/Elsa ship, I am thoroughly convinced. They both have awesome ice powers and a strong desire to protect their sisters. It’s not rocket science to see why they’re great for each other. These starcrossed lovers are truly a “crack ship,” as the characters come from completely different times, mythologies and perhaps most importantly, movie studios. Basically, there’s little chance of Jack Frost and Elsa ever meeting. Arya and Gendry (“Game of Thrones”) This isn’t technically noncanon. With two more books left in the “A Song of Ice and Fire” series, there’s still more than enough time for this ship to really set sail. Do you hear me, George R.R. Martin? There’s still time! If you only watch “Game of Thrones” and you feel weirded out by the age difference, take comfort in the fact that the next two books wouldn’t be shot for quite awhile, giving the actors time to grow. Arya and Gendry are both tough fighters who support and challenge one another. They could finally bring about that much sought after Stark/ Baratheon marriage. Look, we all know Daenerys is going to win the Iron Throne — she has dragons for god’s sake. But that doesn’t mean that Arya and Gendry can’t have a happy, fulfilling life as Wardens of the North. Yes, I have considered the “Arya-doesn’t-need-a-man” position, and as a feminist I can understand that thought process, but hear me out. I’m not saying Arya needs Gendry. I’m saying she wants him, because let’s be honest, who doesn’t? Say what you will about respecting a writer’s true vision ... you can’t beat true, fictional love. And thus, I will go down with these ships.


6 — Friday, January 17, 2014

The Michigan Daily —

SNYDER From Page 1


Megan and Candace Berrett hold their daughter Quinn as they speak to supporters of gay marriage during a rally at the Utah State Capitol last Friday in Salt Lake City.

Utah gay marriage legislation floods governor with responses Governor Herbert swarmed with letters after unexpected legislative move

SALT LAKE CITY (AP) — More than 2,700 calls, emails and letters flooded the Utah governor’s office in the days and weeks after a surprise ruling legalized gay marriage in the state. Gov. Gary Herbert, a Republican, has pledged to defend Utah’s same-sex marriage ban after a federal judge overturned it Dec. 20. Gay couples rushed to wed, with more than 1,000 marrying before the U.S. Supreme Court halted the weddings Jan. 6. Utah has appealed to the Denver-based 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, and the case eventually could work its way back to the Supreme Court. From the day the marriage ban was struck down through Jan. 15, Herbert received about 1,800 phone calls, letters and emails from those generally supporting of same-sex marriage, according to the governor’s office. Some of the messages did not necessarily endorse same-sex marriage but implored the governor to drop the legal fight. Another 900 messages were from opponents of gay marriage. Many said they felt their votes had been invalidated and their religious views ignored. A review of roughly 100 of the letters and phone call transcripts

Thursday by The Associated Press showed several people contacted Herbert’s office more than once. Other messages came from advocacy groups or apparent social media campaigns to contact the governor en masse. Herbert’s office said comments from people in other states generally are not tracked. Several letters reviewed by the AP came from writers in states such as California, Virginian and Washington. Many supporters of same-sex marriage mentioned gay friends, siblings or children, or shared their own personal stories. “Now our civil rights have been stripped away,” Karol Darlene Dixon of Tooele wrote in a letter Dec. 10, four days after the high court decision. Dixon said she had been with her partner for 29 years and asked Herbert to reconsider his stance. “Make our family one again,” she wrote. “I don’t know any straight couples who have waited over 29 years to declare their love legally.” Other supporters of gay marriage also spoke of feeling like second-class citizens and wanting equal rights. Some included photocopies of the marriage certificate they obtained or photographs of their partners and children. “As far as we can tell, no one that we know or see has been harmed by our marriage or by the composition of our family,” Sue Geary and Michelle Page, of Salt Lake City, wrote in a Jan. 9 letter. Messages on both sides ranged

from hopeful to angry. Some supporters told Hebert it was a waste of money to continue the legal fight to defend Utah’s gay marriage ban. Others of made comments attacking the Mormon Church, which is based in Utah and opposes same-sex marriage. Nearly two-thirds of Utah’s 2.8 million residents, including Herbert, are members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The Mormon church was one of the leading forces behind California’s short-lived ban on same-sex marriage, Proposition 8. Among the messages from opponents of same-sex marriage, many quoted from the Bible and urged the governor to continue to defend the law. “Please hold fast to your values,” Ginny Brown, of Roy, wrote in a letter Jan. 11. “I believe you are doing the right thing, but I’m not very optimistic about the Supreme Court.” In a letter postmarked Jan. 13, Russ Larson of Ogden asked Herbert to fight “federal tyrants” over the issue. “Spend my tax dollars and win,” Larson wrote. “Marriage is between a man and a woman.” Others offered to send their own money to help in the fight to block gay marriage, though the governors’ office said it doesn’t appear anyone actually did. While gay marriage is an emotionally charged issue, the number of calls is just over half the volume Herbert received last year as he contemplated a gun-rights bill that he later vetoed.

Classifieds RELEASE DATE– Friday, January 17, 2014

Los Angeles Times Daily Crossword Puzzle


66 Big name in printers 67 Designated driver’s choice 68 Game in which the player is called the Stranger 69 Navigation hazards

32 Contradict 33 Make __ of: jot down 34 Breakfast option 39 Where Yankee Doodle’s feather ended up 40 1985 Malkovich film 43 Shortly 47 Bit of forecast shorthand 48 Certain young lover, facetiously

49 Hang 53 Use temporarily 54 Bach’s “The __ Fugue” 55 NBA and others 57 Poet friend of T.S. 58 A really long time 59 Slangy denial, and a hint to 20-, 29-, 46- and 56Across 60 Rank below cpl. 61 Vintage roadster

DOWN 1 Airer of debates 2 Pitches 3 Protestant ANSWER TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE: denom. 4 Buck tail? 5 Chanel No. 5 bottle word 6 At the start 7 Sharp cheese 8 Rope quantity 9 Joint: Pref. 10 Incentive for a warm bath 11 With great eagerness 12 Fluoride, for one 13 Little kid 21 Soprano Mitchell 22 Protective cover 27 “Nothing __ here” 28 Protective cover 29 Dip option 30 To the point 01/17/14 31 Not straight

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By Daniel Landman (c)2014 Tribune Content Agency, LLC


By ALICIA ADAMCZYK Daily Staff Reporter

A Chinese New Year Celebration and series of events honoring the legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr. will keep students busy this weekend. Is your student group hosting an event this weekend? Tell us about it in our comments section or e-mail Alicia Adamczyk at Friday, January 17 “August: Osage County” and “Inside Llewyn Davis” are playing at the Michigan Theater and State Theater, respectively. “Nebraska,” starring Will Forte, formerly of “Saturday Night Live,” will also play this weekend at the Michigan Theater. The Michigan Daily spoke with director Alexander Payne in November about the actors, script and

Payne’s preference for shooting movies in Nebraska, his home state. “Well, you never ask Woody Allen why he likes to shoot in New York or Paul Thomas Anderson why he wants to shoot in L.A.,” Payne said. “You just accept that. Why do you have to pester me about why I like to shoot in Nebraska?” For those inspired by “American Idol” Thursday night, Students Today Leaders Forever is hosting an open mic night in the basement of the Michigan League, starting at 5:30 p.m. Beginning at the stroke of midnight, MHacks will kick off the largest hackathon in the world, as more than 1,000 students travel from across the country — and the globe — to attend. The hackathon will last until Sunday

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she would like to see an increased focus. “I think we could be a leader in the country if we could figure out a way to fund college,” Driskell said. “We’ve talked about that on and off for a number of years now, but it’s clearly a vehicle for providing higher per capita income for folks.” In anticipation of the speech, Democratic representatives held press conferences across the state, and an initiative through Progress Michigan called “Snyder Fails” held a mock State of the State address in Lansing Thursday morning followed by a speech by House Rep. Jeff Irwin (D–Ann Arbor). Mark Schauer, Democratic candidate for governor, said he found one of the central themes of the governor’s message about family disingenuous. “The governor talked about bringing people together, but this is the same governor that has attacked women, and made it harder for women to have access to basic health care,” Schauer said. “This is a governor who took domestic partner benefits away from gay and lesbian state employees. We truly do need to value all of our people, celebrate our diversity, and become the equality state, and the governor was completely silent on those values, which really are Michigan values.”

Weekend roundup, Jan. 17 to 20

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Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis ACROSS 1 Like some tricks 6 Beatles nonsense syllables 10 Fighting 14 Sporty Toyota made until 2002 15 Met or Nat 16 Sneeze syllable 17 Police record listing 18 Unhappy parking lot discovery 19 Soupçon 20 Franken and Yankovic, for example? 23 Gp. currently chaired by Obama 24 One-eighty 25 Song syllable 26 Union in D.C., e.g. 29 Silver-tongued speaker? 32 __ Men: “Who Let the Dogs Out” band 35 N.Y.C.-Quebec dir. 36 A dispersive one is commonly triangular 37 Carbon compound 38 Avian abode 41 “Pinocchio” goldfish 42 Numerous, informally 44 Longtime NBC staple 45 Viewer 46 “Sorry, the mayo is put on in advance”? 50 Wide shoe spec 51 Spanish bear 52 Trattoria suffix 53 A.L. West team, on scoreboards 56 “Heretics only” apartment building ad? 60 Abe or Dick 62 Emailer’s “Then again ...” 63 Some kids 64 “The foundation of most governments”: John Adams 65 Novelist Jaffe

capita income, population growth and home sales, which he said are up 13 percent. In the last census, Michigan was the only state to report a loss of population, but Snyder said that’s no longer the case. “For sixteen years in a row, Michigan was classified in the high outbound category,” Snyder said. “We’ve just been reclassified in the balance category. People are staying again in Michigan, and we should be proud of that.” He later added that finding a way to connect Michigan talent to Michigan jobs is one of his priorities. A portion of the data Snyder used during the report was criticized by many Michigan Democrats on Twitter as misleading following the speech because it included figures from 2009, before the governor took office. The governor also addressed the forthcoming February budget, providing some insight into what funding recommendations will be included. The state’s early educational childhood services cannot fulfill the demand for their services, but Snyder announced that he has recommended an additional $65 million for preschool programs in order to make Michigan a ‘no wait state’ for preschool education.

He also discussed the state’s $971 million budget surplus more broadly, comparing the government to a family that has to take care of the most pressing issues first. “We have a number of things we should be taking care of, because it’s not about a government that simply says ‘let’s spend everything,’” Snyder said. Snyder concluded with a call to action, saying although Michigan is a “comeback state,” it still has a ways to go. “It’s about keeping your foot on the gas, because this is critically important — we have the opportunity to build a great Michigan for today and tomorrow,” Snyder said. The governor also identified several issues of unfinished business, including transportation reform and constructing an additional international trade bridge between Canada and Detroit. State Representative Gretchen Driskell (D–Saline) said she usually tries to stay positive about events like the State of the State, but there were a lot of things about the speech that disappointed her. “We need jobs from the 21st century, knowledge economy kind of jobs, which usually require higher education,” Driskell said. “He didn’t really talk about the things we need to do.” She added that funding higher education is something on which

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afternoon — whether all the contestants will is a different story. Watch the hype video on the group’s website featuring helicopter footage of Detroit if you’re not yet as excited as the 1,200 hackers attending. Saturday, January 18 Saturday marks the second day of the South Asian Awareness Network’s annual conference, “Panorama: Capturing Change Through the Lens of Culture,” which aims to open dialogue between people of different backgrounds, and hopefully affect change within the wider community. “Through the SAAN Conference, we hope to engage our participants in a way that challenges their thinking, as well as expose them to new ideas and bring them to new levels of awareness and understanding with regard to themselves and the world around them,” wrote LSA senior Vishnu Venugopal in a viewpoint to the Daily. Fashion lovers can check out the newest designs from fellow University students at Saturday night’s EnspiRED runway show. The show is from 6:30 p.m. to 10:30 p.m. at the Biomedical Science Research Building. Tickets are on sale at the Michigan Union Ticket Office. No tickets will be sold at the door. MHacks will continue throughout the day and night in Detroit. Sunday, January 19 For the early risers, the Michigan Men’s Volleyball Team will host their annual volleyball tournament at the Central Campus Recreation Building starting at 7 a.m. And if you’d like to sleep in a bit but still catch a sporting event, the Michigan Women’s Syncronized Swimming Team will partake in its first competition of the season, starting at 1 p.m. in Canham Natatorium. Happy New Year! The Chinese Student and Scholar and Association is hosting a Chinese New Year celebration at the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre, beginning at 7 p.m. There will be dance performances, singers and more. Monday, January 20 To honor Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, the University will host multiple speeches, panel discussions and programs, including a keynote address by actor and social activist Harry Belafonte in Hill Auditorium, beginning at 10 a.m. Additionally, students can attend events ranging from “Healing the Divide: Bridges to Community Health,” a discussion on medical outreach starting at 12 p.m., to a talk about controversial stand-your-ground laws at the University’s Detroit Center at 1 p.m. Students can also volunteer, starting on Monday, for one or many events during the MLK Week of Service. For a full listing of events, visit the MLK Symposium website.

The Michigan Daily —


Friday, January 17, 2014 — 7A

On Wisconsin: Twelfth time’s the charm? Perfect Big Ten record threatened By NEAL ROTHSCHILD Daily Sports Editor

Even as his team closed out Minnesota for a much-needed win in its Big Ten opener two weeks ago, nightmarish thoughts skittered across Michigan men’s basketball coach Michigan at John Beilein’s Wisconsin mind. He thought Matchup: Michigan 12-4; of Wisconsin. With the Wisconsin 16-1 Wolverines When: up three in Saturday 6 P.M. Williams Arena on Jan. Where: Kohl 3, the Golden Center Gophers TV: ESPN had a final possession to tie it. Deandre Mathieu heaved a desperation attempt from half-court, but before the ball caromed off the backboard, Beilein remembered Josh Gasser. Three seasons ago, Gasser banked in a 3-pointer at the buzzer in the Crisler Center to turn a Michigan lead into a Michigan loss. And that hasn’t been the Wolverines’s lone blemish against the Badgers over the years. Michigan (4-0 Big Ten, 12-4 overall) has lost 12 of its last 13 games against Wisconsin, including 11 in a row on the road. Saturday afternoon, the Wolverines travel to the Kohl Center to take on No. 3 Wisconsin. As if traveling to Madison wasn’t enough of a chore — Michigan hasn’t won there this millennium — the Badgers (3-1, 16-1) didn’t drop a game this season until Tuesday. Last year, yet another heartbreaking 3-pointer made Wisconsin coach Bo Ryan a

winner over Beilein. Taking an inbounds pass on a route run like a wide receiver and dribbling inside of midcourt near the sideline, Badgers guard Ben Brust let the ball fly, and it fell right through the hoop. The Badgers went on to win in overtime, 65-62. Such tough luck brought Beilein’s strategy of not fouling in that situation into question. If Michigan fouled, the opponent would shoot two free throws without the opportunity to tie the game. But that’s never been Beilein’s preference. “You want to foul sometimes, but I’m so afraid of a guy fouling as he goes and shoots a 40-footer,” Beilein said after the Minnesota game. Michigan would be lucky if it found itself in another of those tense, final-possession games on Saturday. While the Wolverines have weathered the loss of Mitch McGary by jumping out to wins in their first four conference games, they haven’t faced a team

like Wisconsin in 2014. The Badgers have opened eyes with their prolific scoring this year. Sam Dekker is the team’s leading scorer at 14 points per game, and he’s tied for the team lead in rebounds with Frank Kaminsky, who has proven to be an explosive scorer in his own right. The junior scored 43 points on 16-for-19 shooting in a November win over North Dakota. There’s also Brust. The senior is scoring 13 points per game and combing the boards as one of the country’s best rebounding guards. Wisconsin has asserted itself with a 27-point win over Northwestern, a 25-point win over Illinois and a comeback victory over upstart Iowa before stumbling this week with a road loss to a down Indiana squad. Michigan will look to exploit Wisconsin’s newfound vulnerability Saturday, and in doing so, start to wipe away years of painful memories.

In hockey, finding the right combinations can feel like trying to crack the code to a stubborn safe. That’s why Michigan coach Red Berenson broke up what had been Michigan’s top line all season just two weeks after a five-game unbeaten streak. Forward JT Compher centered that line with junior forwards Alex Guptill and Derek DeBlois on the wings in November and December. The trio combined for 34 points before Michigan’s four-game skid began Dec. 27, providing a much-needed spark in the offensive zone. “They did for a while,” Berenson said. “Then our whole team stopped scoring, so we’re still looking for options.” For coaches, there’s an art to crafting the best line pairings. Through the early season, it’s all part of finding that winning formula and ironing out the kinks — seeing which player complements whom and eventually determining which role each line will embrace. Sometimes, a line meshes so perfectly that a trio of forwards earns a quirky nickname, like the Flying Frenchmen of the National Hockey League’s Montreal Canadiens in 1917. And in the 1990s, The Grind Line anchored the Detroit Red Wings to four Stanley Cup Championships. There are more comical

Daily Sports Editor

Ben Brust did little to endear himself to Michigan fans on Feb. 9 last year. The Michigan men’s basketball team was defending a three-point lead with 2.4 seconds remaining at the Kohl Center. After a timeout, forward Mike Bruesewitz inbounded a chest pass, falling forward and nearly stepping over the baseline committing a violation. But the ball came out nicely and hit Brust running parallel to the half-court line. Brust had time for one dribble to create some space away from defender Caris LeVert. The guard hardly


gave Brust space, and yet the Badger let off a high-arcing 40-footer that splashed right through the net. The Daily sat down with Brust at Big Ten Media Day in October. The Michigan Daily: In the weeks and months after the shot against Michigan, how much did you think about it? Ben Brust: When I’m done playing, I’m sure I’ll have time to look back and say, ‘Hey look, that was awesome.’ Right now, I’m just trying to focus on getting better for this year. This is my last year, so I’m going to leave it all out there. But it’s definitely a fun experience, and I’ll definitely remember it forever. TMD: As far as personal moments, where does that shot rank for you? BB: Yeah, it’s No. 1 for sure.


To fix a faltering offense, Berenson shakes up lines Daily Sports Editor


Michigan coach John Beilein has suffered several hearbreaking losses to Wisconsin, which hasn’t lost at home to the Wolverines since the last millenium.



En garde: Badgers’ Brust

groups like the Banana Line, and for Chicago fans, the Pony, Pappy and Party Lines. But there aren’t any nicknames in Ann Arbor for the 14th-ranked Wolverines. Not yet, at least. Berenson has been scribbling line charts since he began coaching in 1979 with the St. Louis Blues. And even though he’s been Michigan’s head coach for 30 years, he still finds himself trying to get the numbers right on the line charts in mid-January. “We’re still looking for lines that might be a better combination,” Berenson said after a practice this week. Because the Wolverines’s offense has been dormant the past month, he’s shuffled them. During the Great Lakes Invitational on Dec. 28, the team was shut out for the first time in nearly a year. It was as if someone had reset the locks to Berenson’s line charts after he’d come so close to breaking the code. “It’s tough sometimes when you go into a slump,” Guptill said. “Sometimes, you have to change things up.” That’s how hockey goes. You have highs and then you have lows where the net seems as small as a hotel room safe. Berenson’s been tinkering with lineups for long enough to know that it takes a repetitive and meticulous process to find a perfect combination. “It might be a better balance of offense (and) defense, might be a little better chemistry,”

Berenson said. “We’re continuously reevaluating individuals and forwards and defense on our team. So, nothing is set.” Guptill said you just have to leave the combinations up to the coaching staff and play your own game. During this week’s practice, he’s been skating with DeBlois, but freshman Justin Selman has taken over at center. Heading into the second half of the season, Berenson is hoping his line charts provoke more solutions than inquiries. There are times when combinations don’t work out and he heads back to the drawing board. Then there’s a point of realization, when an experiment shows signs of promise and even the players know it’s working. “I think there are those moments,” Guptill said. “You play with a few guys sometimes, guys in practice that you do well with, kind of a little bit of a feeling, but you never really know until you get in a game.” Those “aha!” moments are what Berenson strives for. When he sits in his office writing his players’s names in the appropriate places on a lineup card, he never knows if it’s going to work. Circumstances might change, and he’s forced to adapt, just like any good hockey mind does. So through Michigan’s final bye week of the season, Berenson will have plenty of time for tinkering. He’ll just have to wait until game day for the locks to pop open.

TMD: What would be second? Something in college or high school? BB: Eh, probably high school. I scored 50 twice, which was kinda fun. But in terms of a team win, rushing the floor, that whole hour with my family there (against Michigan), it all came together. TMD: You guys have beaten the Wolverines 12 times in the last 13 games. Do you feel like you have their number? BB: Ah, well I mean, I just think we’re trying to play good basketball. We’ve had some really good games against them. They’re a good team, they’re well-coached, so I really look forward to competing against them because it usually brings a fun game. TMD: Given that Michigan made it to the National Championship last year, does that put a bigger target on its back? BB: Maybe a little bit. But I think it’s a testament to this league and the fact that they were fifth in the Big Ten Tournament in terms of seed, and then they go on to the National Championship. So that’s a testament to this league, and you never know what can happen. TMD: What’s it like being the only true senior on a team that usually relies on its veterans? BB: I guess (redshirt junior) Josh Gasser came in with me, so it almost feels like he’s a senior too. But to be the only true senior, it’s different but it’s fun. I’m still close with everyone else on the team, so it almost feels like we’re all the same age.

Michigan to welcome Illini By SHANNON LYNCH Daily Sports Writer

After pulling off an upset victory over No. 22 Purdue earlier this week, the Michigan women’s basketball team could be celebrating. Instead, the Wolverines are preparing Illinois at for Saturday’s Michigan contest against Matchup: Illinois with Illinois 8-9; the chance Michigan 12-5 to earn their fourth Big Ten When: Saturday win. Though 12 P.M. the Fighting Illini currently Where: Crisler Center sit near the bottom of the TV: Big Ten Network conference, Crisler Center can expect to play host to a high-powered offensive battle. “The Big Ten is so competitive this year and anybody can come into a game and get a win,” said junior guard Nicole Elmblad. “So some early success is great, but we can’t drop our guard at all.” Minimizing turnovers and, in particular, halting the heavy offensive production of Illinois guard Ivory Crawford, will be key to Michigan’s success. In their latest victory, over

Northwestern, the Fighting Illini shot 40 percent from the field and Crawford had 19 points, including the final 12, giving her team the boost it needed for a win. Though she stands at 5-foot10, Crawford poses the biggest threat to the Wolverines (3-1 Big Ten, 12-5 overall). She averages 15 points a game and has yet to finish a conference game with fewer than 19 points. Michigan is intent on keeping her under pressure and outside of her comfort zone on the court. “We’re just looking to make them have to attack us, seeing as they have a lot of good shooters, especially in the zone,” said junior forward Cyesha Goree. “We just want to make sure we guard with a high hand — make them go up if they are a shooter, and if they are a driver, make them have to shoot.” Because Illinois (1-3, 8-9) has demonstrated an ability to knock down shots with ease, it will be critical for the Wolverines to keep possession of the ball on offense and take advantage of the shot clock, especially after committing 17 turnovers against Purdue on Wednesday. “Being young, we’re trying to figure out, is it a good take at this point or should we be trying to hold it? And when we try to hold it sometimes that leads to

turnovers,” said Michigan coach Kim Barnes Arico. “Illinois is a team that’s going to do that the entire game, so if we don’t get better at it, we’re going to be in trouble come Saturday.” In their last games, both Michigan and Illinois have been fortunate to rely on a single scorer to give them the edge late in the second half. For Illinois it was Crawford, and for Michigan it was sophomore guard Madison Ristovski. Ristovski maintained Michigan’s lead over Purdue when Goree was taken out after getting into foul trouble. The Sterling Heights, Mich. native went 3-for-5 from outside the arc and finished the night with 17 points, her highest-scoring game since November. One of her timely 3-pointers helped keep a comeback at bay as the Wolverines cruised to an easy victory. “She’s a great scorer and she knows how to score and put the ball in the basket, but I think her biggest attribute is that she’s just a ball player — she can find the open people, and she really just knows the game,” Elmblad said. “She’s really blossoming right now, and that’s great for our team because we’re going to need that spark going into these next games.”

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Junior forward Cyesha Goree said Michigan must force Illinois into a different style of basketball in order to win.


8A — Friday, January 17, 2014

The Michigan Daily —

Pereira chases pro soccer dream New rule changes WOMEN’S TENNIS


Daily Sports Writer

Seven years ago, Fabio Pereira moved more than 4,500 miles from his home country of Brazil to the United States in the hope of one day achieving his dream of becoming a professional soccer player. That dream is finally within striking distance. “In Brazil, I thought I was getting closer to going professional, but I had to dream bigger,” Pereira said. “That’s why I made the move to the United States.” Pereira’s dream has been put on hold, at least for the next couple of days, as he was passed over in the first two rounds of the Major League Soccer SuperDraft in Philadelphia on Thursday afternoon. He hopes to be selected next Tuesday in either the third or fourth round of the draft. In Soccer By Ives’s latest Big Board, the senior midfielder is ranked as the 45th-best player in the draft and projected to

be selected early in the third round. But Pereira avoids the opinions. “I think (mock drafts) are for fans, and if you pay attention to that, you’re never going to move forward,” he said. “I’ve read some stuff, but I’m going to believe in what happens at the draft.” To improve his stock, Pereira attended the MLS Combine in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., which showcases the best college soccer players in the country. The players are not only put through soccerrelated challenges, but physical and mental tasks in front of their potential new employers in MLS coaches, scouts and general managers. Pereira, a late addition to the combine roster, had four days to make an impression that could potentially lead to an opportunity of a lifetime. Those four days came after almost three weeks of preparation beforehand, though the treacherous weather made training difficult.

“Since it was so cold here in Michigan, we were limited to running the treadmill and working out inside,” Pereira said. “But I was lucky enough to work with some local coaches and get some more touches on the ball.” At the combine, 69 college soccer players and four athletes from the Caribbean Football Union were split into four squads: Brazuca, NitroCharge, adiZero and Predator. Pereira was placed on Team Brazuca with former Michigan State defender Kevin Cope and Wisconsin forward Tomislav Zadro. The teams played each other once in a round-robin tournament with every team participating in one game a day. Pereira was given the start in the first match for Team Brazuca and impressed scouts with his hustle and aggressiveness off the ball. His highlight of the match came on a free kick in the middle of the field from 25 yards out. Pereira hit the ball with just enough


Senior forward Fabio Pereira wasn’t selected in the MLS SuperDraft on Thursday, but he’s projected to go in later rounds.

curve to get it up and around the wall and freeze the goalkeeper as the ball curled into the back of the net. But Pereira didn’t believe he played particularly well. “In the first game, everyone’s trying to impress right away,” he said. “It was really exhausting, and I don’t think I played my best game.” Pereira closed out the combine with two more games, which he thought went progressively better. “I thought I had a good second day, and I probably had my best game in the third match,” he said. One key aspect of Pereira’s game praised by many scouts at the SuperDraft was his work ethic, which he attributes to the coaching staff in Ann Arbor. Pereira believes Michigan coach Chaka Daley and his staff did a good job of preparing him for professional soccer. “Here at Michigan, I never thought I was just playing college ball,” Pereira said. “The coaches were very professional with the way they ran practices and games and tried to cultivate a competitive environment.” Pereira leaves Michigan after a successful four-year career. He stands second in Wolverine history with 22 assists and leads in shots with 194. During his time at Michigan, Pereira also garnered many honors, including the 2011 Big Ten Freshman of the Year award. In Pereira’s opinion, the accomplishments at Michigan showed that coming all the way to the United States was the right decision in achieving his dream. But as Pereira’s career as a Wolverine ends, his career as a professional soccer player could just be beginning. “(Becoming pro) is just becoming a reality for me now,” he said. “You never really know until you get the opportunity.”

anger Wolverines Players voice disagreement with shortened matches By Jason Rubinstein Daily Sports Writer

The end of January each year marks the start of a new season for the Michigan women’s tennis team. It also means a new batch of athletes, more developed players and this year, a new coach. But this season, more fundamental changes face the team. Though just experimental, the Intercollegiate Tennis Association has made several new non-conference rules that went into effect at the start of 2014. In an effort to garner more attention to the sport — with hopes of tennis being televised in the future — the ITA made several rules to shorten matches. And despite the good intentions, the players aren’t happy. “One of the big reasons they’re doing this is to make tennis matches shorter,” said junior Emina Bektas, “but I think it’s just taking away the quality of play. I’m not a big fan.” The first change will affect the doubles matches. Previously, all doubles matches were eight-game pro sets — virtually an extended set. Now, with the change, all doubles matches will be a set up to six with a tiebreaker at 5-5. “Getting out to a quick start is really going to be a big thing,” Bektas said. “Eight-game pro sets are pretty quick, but now, if you get down 3-0, you don’t have a lot of time to get back in the match.” Added senior Brooke Bolender: “I really enjoy doubles and the fans do too because there is a lot of action. For that reason, I think it’s unfortunate that the doubles (are) being shortened.”

Doubles are a gateway to the professional circuit for a majority of players. But playing only one set doesn’t mirror the professional circuit and could prove to be a setback down the road for collegiate players. It could even encourage players to go pro directly from high school or prep school. The changes didn’t end with doubles. The ITA has decided to remove the third set from women’s tennis. Instead of playing a best-of-three-set match, the final set will be replaced with a 10-point match tiebreaker. “I’m not a big fan of that either,” Bektas said. “The person who wins the second set will definitely have an advantage mentally. It evens the playing field; anything can happen with 10 points.” Perhaps the strangest change in the ITA’s new rules is the outlawing of the threeminute warm-up period with an opponent before a match. Although short in duration, it does carry some value. Players often use that time to see how opponents strike the ball, whether they hit the ball heavy or flat, what strokes they favor and how well they serve. While the changes seem to have good motives, the players remain skeptical. “I don’t know if shortening will bring more fans,” Bolender said. “If it works, then I would be in favor of it, but it’s a tough call because of the amount of changes.” Bektas was more critical. “You’re either a tennis fan or not,” she said. “Taking away a warm-up or a couple of games in doubles is not going to do anything. You’re either going to stay the three hours or you’re not. I think it’s stupid. “It’s not going to garner any more fans.”

2014 01 17