Page 1

io I d u t on S i t a .2 r Integ roject No P

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1


0 Contents Index 1 Introduction

1.1 Abstract

2 History

2.1 Evolution and Heritage Allocation

3 Site Analysis

3.1 Site Plan 3.2 Street Elevation + Cross Sections 3.3 Urban Density + Vegetation 3.4 General + Pedestrian Circulation 3.5 Noise Pollution + Nocturnal Illumination 3.6 Sun Study 3.7 Seismic Exposure, Weather and Foundational Analysis

4 Zoning

4.1 Setbacks and Building Envelope 4.2 Land Use Designation and Matrix Analysis 4.3 Ammendment Request + Process

.

4

6

8 10 12 14 16 18 20

22 24 26


5 Program

5.1 Process + Adjacency Matrix 5.2 Spatial Relations + Usage 5.3 Master Program Matrix 5.4 Individual Activity Analysis

6 Precedents

6.1 The Santi Cosma e Damiano Parochial Centre 6.2 Iglesia San Jorge 6.3 Church of Light 6.4 Notre Dame Du Haut 6.5 St. Stephen’s Cathedral

7 Conclusion

7.1 Review and Next Steps

8 Sources

8.1 Bibliography

28 30 32 34

42 44 46 48 50

52

54


1.1 Introduction Abstract

Nestled within several existing neighbourhoods in Toronto’s Portland, the Site running along Mill Street between Parliament and Trinity Street becomes the foci of the area, carrying the potential required for the ambitious project of the Basilica. Being positioned adjacent to the Distillery District that captures the region’s theme of redevelopment, the proposed project must capture its prevailing identity while become a stimulant for the area, looking into its future and growing demographic. The probability and success of the chosen typography in this area was conducted through a meticulous study of the site’s history, characteristics, experiential qualities and in-depth examination of programmatic requirements and the city’s building policies. The analysis examines the competence of a Roman Catholic Basilica being erected in this area, and how the researched program and existing site speak to one another in order to be as cohesive as possible.

4


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t. ne S bour Sher

St. rvis r Ja Lowe

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Proposed Site Qu

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Distillery District West Don Lands Cork Town Town of York St. Lawrence Neighbourhood First Parliment Site

5


2.1 History Evolution + Heritage Allocation Being nestled around multiple eccentric neighbourhoods in the West Don Lands, the site preserves the Victorian Industrial Era Architecture like no other place in North America. The industrial affiliation of the site traces back to 1831 when two the Worts and Gooderham families became partners that invested in a milling business. The first Distillery Operations took place for the first time in 1837. By the 1850’s, the business was thriving and expanding itself to introduce more mills, a wharf, storehouses, icehouses, cooper shops and dairies. The prospering enterprise influenced many residential buildings for the workers to be constructed. The company continued to grow, at one point achieving the title of the largest distillery in the world. The early 1900’s were the starting demise for the industry due to the death of the founders and the effects of the war and prohibition. Continuing onwards, the business revived itself but not to its original prestige, and continued to operate until its closure in 1990’s. During that decade, the district became the second largest filming location in North America. Finally in 2001, The Distillery is purchased by the Cityscape Holdings Inc. and is reimagined as a pedestrian centered village that opened in 2003, becoming one of Canada’s top tourist attractions. Since then, it was received an abundance of good responses, becoming one of Canada’s primal arts, culture, entertainment, and social realms.

6

1884 Map

1913 Map

1924 Map


Heritage Buildings

7


3.1 Site Analysis Site Plan

Being nestled around multiple eccentric neighbour-

hoods in the West Don Lands, the site preserves the Victorian Industrial Era Architecture like no other place in North America. The industrial affiliation of the site traces back to 1831 when two the Worts and Gooderham families became partners that invested in a milling business. The first Distillery Operations took place for the first time in 1837. By the 1850’s, the business was thriving and expanding itself to introduce more mills, a wharf, storehouses, icehouses, cooper shops and dairies. The prospering enterprise influenced many residential buildings for the workers to be constructed. The company continued to grow, at one point achieving the title of the largest distillery in the world.

The early 1900’s were the starting demise for the in-

dustry due to the death of the founders and the effects of the war and prohibition. Continuing onwards, the business revived itself but not to its original prestige, and continued to operate until its closure in 1990’s. During that decade, the district became the second largest filming location in North America. Finally in 2001, The Distillery is purchased by the Cityscape Holdings Inc. and is reimagined as a pedestrian centered village that opened in 2003, becoming one of Canada’s top tourist attractions. Since then, it was received an abundance of good responses, becoming one of Canada’s primal arts, culture, entertainment, and social realms.

8


1:1000

9


3.2 Site Analysis Street Elevations + Cross Sections

Mill St. Elevation Looking North 1:1000

10

Parliment St. Elevation Looking East 1:1000


North-South Cross Section 1:1000

East-West Cross Section 1:1000

11


3.3 Site Analysis Urban Density + Vegetation

Urban Density Map 1:1000 12


Vegetation Map 1:1000

13


NE

LA RAY

EY ST GURN

S A C K V IL L E

ST S U MA C H S T

3.4 Site Analysis General + Pedestrian Circulation

BRIGHT ST

T UL S ST PA

TE

EN S

QUE

RICHMOND ST E

ADELAIDE

ST E

TE

S UEEN

Q

GIN VIR PL

VE SA

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CK SA

IAM PARL

L VIL ES T

ST ST

NG

E N

PL

ST

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ON RT

AD

NE LA

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BE

M PE

ONTA

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W TO RK CO

NE

S ELEY

S LA

BERK

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ENT

MC FA

D ST

MON

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PL

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W

POW

DEN

BRIG

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ST E AV

T RY S

S RNE

BOU SHER

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LAID

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ADE

N

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ST

EA

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ST

ONTA

IN

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T

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DE

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ST ST E

T

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TRIN

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Berk eley

ABB

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TE

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FRO

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N EY LA

ST RRY

CHE

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MILL

ST

ST

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URN

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Pedestrian

THE

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ANA

ESPL

Vehicular TTC Route

E

G AV

DDIN

SCA

T

14

E CR

RT

UF C

TNE

Site Circulation 1:2000

VILL DOU

POR

L EN P

AITK

Gardiner Expressway

eley

Berk

Railway Transit

AVE BOAT LONG

W XY YE RX E E RDIN BLVD GA E F G SHOR E LAK

FG

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RDIN

GA

CH

ER

RY

ST


Pedestrian Circulation 1:500

15


3.5 Site Analysis Noise Pollution + Nocturnal Illumination

Noise Pollution 1:1000 16


Nocturnal Illumination 1:1000

17


5pm

1pm

9am

3.6 Site Analysis Sun Study

18

March Equinox

June Solstice


September Equinox

December Solstice

19


3.7 Site Analysis Seismic Exposure, Weather + Foundational Analysis This is mainly determined by the building’s structure itself, and its foundation. Almost all high-rise buildings in Toronto are firmly situated on the bedrock. However, several older buildings were built on poor soils and its masonry structure as weakened over the years. With the proposed site being in an area famous for its old masonry buildings, it might be worthy to consider having the Basilica become designated as an emergency shelter during a severe earthquake. Seismic Hazard Map. (n.d.). Retrieved October 16, 2015 from www.earthquakescanada.nrcan.gc.ca

Seismic Hazard Map of Canada

Like the majority of Southern Ontario, Toronto is situated in a very low risk area in regards to earthquakes. Because of this, building codes are not as heavy in regards to this category here as they are in other areas of Canada. With that being said, Toronto does have regulations to combat seismic forces. In the rare case that the city was to experience an earthquake, it will most likely be 2.0 magnitude earthquake. However, in June of 2010, Toronto experienced a brief 5.0 magnitude earthquake. Due to this occurrence, we need to ensure that any future structures are able to withstand a more extreme force. 20

Due to the industrial nature of the site, the soil has been polluted and toxic. This was a notable issue during the 2015 construction of the Pan Am Athlete’s Village; located just NorthEast of the proposed site. This resulted in delays and required in finding a way to cure or remove the soil. One could either propose to transport the toxic soil to rural location, cure it, or work around it. The Market Wharf condo Tower faced a similar issue and solved it by building its parking structure over top the contaminated soil.

Adams, J. (2011). Seismic Hazard Maps for the National Building Code of Canada – past, present and future. 92-92. Retrieved October 12, 2015, from http://www.iclr.org/


Quaternary sediments generally found within the Don River watershed. ORM deposits may be part of a larger system of ice-controlled meltwater deposition during final deglaciation that includes stratified moraines west of the ORM (Gwyn and Cowan, 1978). The youngest deposits consist of glaciolacustrine sediments that form a thin veneer over the Halton Till units. The location of these deposits is shown on the OGS surficial geology map provided as Figure 6.

Don River Watershed Plan: Geology and Groundwater Resources – Report on Current Conditions

Figure 6: OGS surficial geology and observation locations.

Toronto is in a humid continental climate zone. The city experiences very fierce summers and Figure 5: Quaternary deposits found within the study area (Eyles, 2002). winters, making it necessary to design with two juxMonth Days Amount (cm) taposing climates in mind. Areas that are located Jan. 12 37 Feb. 8.7 27 water will experience slightly warmer closer to the Mar. 6.5 20 temperatures in winter and cooler in the summer. April 2.2 5 Buildings must also be constructed with snow loadOct. 0.1 0 Nov. 3.1 8 ing and water shedding in mind. Buildings should Dec. 8.4 24 be for winter and incorporate passive Total 40.9well insulated 122 cooling and help mitigate the heat-island effect. Toronto Snowfall

Quaternary deposits found within Don River Watershed

140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

April

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Total

Days

12

8.7

6.5

2.2

0.1

3.1

8.4

40.9

Amount (cm)

37

27

20

5

0

8

24

122

Toronto and Region Conservation. (n.d.). Retrieved October 11, 2015.

13

Toronto and Region Conservation CFN: 37590

Toronto and Region Conservation. (n.d.). Retrieved October 11, 2015. Toronto and Region Conservation CFN: 37590

14

J

F

M

A

M

49% 12kts -4.2°C

45% 11kts -3.2°C

44% 11kts 1.3°C

48% 11kts 7.6°C

33% 9kts 14.2°C

2009

J

28% 9kts 19.2°C

J

17% 7kts 22.2°C

A

S

O

N

D

20% 8kts 21.3°C

24% 8kts 17°C

38% 10kts 10.6°C

40% 10kts 4.8°C

45% 11kts -0.9°C

2009

21


4.1 Zoning Setbacks and Building Envelope The majority of the site is

to change the site setbacks from 7.5 meters from all sides to 1 meter.

Lot

Mill Street

18m from Street Side

must be issued. It is also proposed

1m Setback

zoning and by-law amendment

45 °

Basilica on the proposed site, a

° 45

Overall Max Height is 26m

dential uses. Thus, to construct a

13m from Lot Side

designated for industrial and resi-

Additionally, it would be desirable to have a tall monument to signify the Basilica’s presence and so it is also requested to build higher than the current 26m. This section of the project

their requirements. Furthermore, the

22

45

Parliment St.

Trinity St.

° 45

outlined.

°

amendment process is studied and

1m Setback

a study of major occupancies and

18m from Street Side

proposed site restrictions. As well as

13m from Back Lot

booklet will examine the current and


23


4.2 Zoning Land Use Designation and Matrix Analysis

24


25


4.3 Zoning Ammendment Request + Process 2015 Committee of Adjustment Application Toronto and East York Panel Toronto City Hall 100 Queen Street West Toronto, Ontario M5H 2N2 416-392-7565

North York Panel North York Civic Centre 5100 Yonge Street Toronto, Ontario M2N 5V7 416-395-7000

Scarborough Panel Scarborough Civic Centre 150 Borough Drive Toronto, Ontario M1P 4N7 416-396-7334

1 Pre-Application Consultation

Etobicoke York Panel 2 Civic Centre Court Toronto, Ontario M9C 5A3 416-394-8060

Acknowledgement of Public Information The applicant grants the City permission to reproduce, in whole or in part, any document submitted as part of a complete application for internal use, inclusion in staff reports or distribution to the public for the purpose of application review. The applicant agrees to provide a reasonable number of copies of any such document, or parts thereof, in paper and/or electronic form, to the City for internal use and distribution to the public for the purpose of application review.

Address of Subject Land (Street Number/Name)

Application Number

18 Trinity Street + 42 Mill Street

IBMS Row I.D.

Zoning RA - Reinvestment Area District Ward Ward 28

West Don Lands Precinct Plan

Legal Description

2 Submission of Application

Registered Owner of Subject Land (as it appears on Deed/Transfer) E-mail hansolo@jabba.com City of Toronto Mailing Address City Toronto 100 Queen Street West Telephone (area code + number)

Owner

E-mail Lawyer

Architect

Agent

Contractor

Other

City

Telephone (area code + number) 4169772320

Fax (area code + number)

Provincial Highway

□ available □ connected

Postal Code

Toronto

m

182

45.8

Servicing: Municipal Water

M5H 2N2

michael.hankus@ryerson.ca

Mailing Address 96 Gerrard St. E

Road Access:

Postal Code

Fax (area code + number)

416-392-7565

Applicant (name in full) Michael Hankus Applicant is:

- A preliminary consultation that will provide the applier with a checklist of the required approvals, documents, plans and studies that the Planning Act and Toronto Official Plan will require for approval of the amendment - While not a necessary step, it is highly recommended as it will save time and money

Municipal Street

Municipal Sanitary Sewers

□ available □ connected

M5B 2E8

Area 5980.2

Public Lane

m2

Private Right-of-way

Municipal Storm Sewers

□ available □ connected

Other (septic)

Date of acquisition of subject property: Date of construction of buildings or structures on subject property: Length of time existing uses have continued: 1906 - Present Is the property the subject of any other current or previous planning application?

□ Yes

□ Yes

□ No □ Yes □ No

File No. _________

Has City Council listed and/or designated the property as having cultural heritage value? Is the property subject to the Ravine Bylaw or Private Tree Bylaw?

- After the receiving the application and the fee payment, it will be sent to City Divisions and other agencies for accurate technical reviews and comment -A written decision will be given how complete the application is within 30 days of receiving it

□ No

* Ravine Protection By-law

3 Complete Application Decision -After the receiving the application and the fee payment, it will be sent to City Divisions and other agencies for accurate technical reviews and comment -A written decision will be given how complete the application is within 30 days of receiving it

If your property is located within or partially within a Ravine Protection Area, you are required to apply to Urban Forestry Services of the City of Toronto’s Parks, Forestry placing or dumping fill or refuse, or altering the existing grade of land. & Recreation Division for a permit when doing any work that may injure or destroy a tree, or involves

* Private Tree By-law Trees on private property having a diameter of 30 cm or greater are protected. It is unlawful to injure or destroy such trees without first obtaining a permit from Urban Forestry Services of the City of Toronto’s Parks, Forestry & Recreation Division to do so.

* City Owned Trees All trees situated on City owned property, including City road allowance and City owned parkland, are protected by City of Toronto by-laws. City owned trees are protected by City of Toronto’s “Tree Protection Policy and Specifications for Construction Near Trees”. Call 416-338-TREE or visit www.toronto.ca/trees

Minor Variances

4 Application Circulation

Existing uses/structures (including height and dimensions or floor area, if applicable): Current structure is an old, out-of-service distilery packaging building.

-The Application will be sent to various city divisions/agencies for further detailed review and comment -With a better completed application, the reviews are more useful, and the process is much quicker

Description of proposal (including height and dimensions or floor area, if applicable): Our proposal is to demolish this building, and build a Basillica to serve the community in its place. Building Setbacks: Existing Proposed

26

Front lot line 7.5 ________ m 1 m _______

Side lot line 7.5 ________ m 1 ________ m

Side lot line 7.5 ________ m 1 ________ m

Rear lot line 7.5 ________ m 1 ________ m


5 Preliminary Report

9 Recirculation, Consultation and Further Revisions and Finalization of Application

-All amendment plans are presented to the Community Council or the Planning and Growth Management Committee within two meeting cycles from when the application was received

-The application is re-circulated to the respective City Divisions after the resubmission, and the new material and information is further revisions are made until the application is finalized

6 Community Consultation Meeting -A community consultation meeting composed of the Planning Staff and the Ward Councillor plans the process to publicly present the proposal for their comments. -This meeting takes place 2 months after the Community Council examines the preliminary report

7 Response to Applicant -The Planner that is in charge of your application collects and forwards you the comments received from the meetings and public so that that the proposal can be revised. -This is typically provided within 5-9 weeks.

8 Application Revision and Resubmission -It may be required to review and alter the proposal based on the responses gather and resubmitted to the Planner within 3 to 6 weeks

10 Community Council Public Meeting -Once the application is finalized, a formal notice of the Public Meeting is issued in the newspaper -This allows the public forum to provide insight on the merit of the application

11 City Council Decision -Based on the feedback and input provided by the Community Council and Public, the City Council presents the final recommendations to the City Planner

12 The Amendment Comes Into Effect -The Planning Act issues an administrative process to appeal the City Council’s decision to the Ontario Municipal Board within 15 days -If no appeal is issued, the amendment becomes effective

27


5.1 Program Process + Adjacency Matrix A program analysis was conducted to determine the various functions of the building. It was important to understand how each space spoke to one another, their size, requirements and users. The program was based upon various precedents studies, interviews with Parish Facilitators, and from studying the Sacrosanctum Conciliu. Once enough information was gathered, the program was divided into three main sections: The Church, The Parish Hall, and The Rectory. Each space then had its own personal requirements analyzed and connected with each other; eventually determining how the three sections would connect with themselves.

28

The Church

Rectory/Priory

Parish Hall


19 m²

Public N

Altar

60 m²

N

Y

N

Y

Sacristy

12 m²

N

Y

Y

Y

Choir

12 m²

N

Y

N

Y

Transcept

240 m²

Y

N

N

Y

5 m²

Y

N

N

N

Nave

1200 m²

Y

N

N

Y

Chapels (x4)

160 m²

Y

N

N

Y

- Small prayer services take place here

Minarets (x2)

50 m²

N

Y

N

Y

- May only be decorative with rare use

Narthex

50 m²

Y

N

N

Y

W/C

66 m²

Y

N

Y

N

Storage

32 m²

N

Y

N

N

Mechanical

16 m²

N

Y

Y

N

Atrium/Courtyard

100 m²

Y

N

Y

Y

Foyer

80 m²

Y

N

N

Y

W/C

13 m²

Y

N

Y

N

Coat Room

16 m²

Y

N

N

N

Banquette Hall

160 m²

Y

N

Y

Y

- A formal space for banquettes

Multipurpose Room

84 m²

Y

N

N

Y

- A flexible room to serve various activities

Kitchen

40 m²

N

Y

Y

N

Storage

36 m²

N

Y

N

N

Classrooms

192 m²

Y

N

N

Y

Nursery

48 m²

Y

N

Y

Y

- Child Area during mass and possible day care

Changeroom

20 m²

Y

Y

Y

N

- For events and presentations

W/C

13 m²

Y

N

N

Y

Mechanical

20 m²

N

Y

Y

N

Foyer/Waiting

40 m²

Y

N

N

Y

Coat Room

3 m²

Y

N

Y

N

Administration

50 m²

N

Y

N

Y

Priests’ Offices (x3)

33 m²

N

Y

N

Y

Staff Room

40 m²

N

Y

N

Y

W/C

13 m²

Y

N

Y

N

Library

96 m²

Y

N

N

Y

Prayer Shrine

36 m²

Y

N

N

N

Meeting Room

48 m²

Y

N

N

Y

- A room for hosting various support and group meetings

Residential Portion

150 m²

N

Y

Y

Y

- The private segment of the Rectory where the Priests live

Apse

Confession Booths

Adjacency + Program Matrix Immediate Adjacency Reasonable Adjacency Possible Adjacency No Relation

Area

Private Y

Plumbing Daylight N Y

Comments - To be used by Priest, and authorized personnell

- Located near the alter | Organ is raised at the back of the nave

- Typically located on the sides of the Nave or Transcept

- The entrance to the parish hall

- The Entrance to the Rectory/Priory

- The Church’s main office

29


5.2 Program Spatial Relations + Usage

Apse

The Priest’s Typical Day:

Altar

In my analysis of the program, I concluded a visit to a local Parish and spoke with the Priest about what his daily rountine is like.

Sacristy

Choir

Chapel

Transept

Chapel

6:00am - 8:00am - wake up, personal prayer time - prepare for the morning mass

Storage

8:00am - 10:00am - celebrate the Eucharist 10:00am - 12:00pm - usual time for funerals - office work - visiting parish members

Kitchen

Confession Booths

Change RM

Multipurpose Rm.

Mech.

Nursery W/C Chapel

Chapel

Classroom

Banquette Hall Coats

Nave

Foyer

12:00pm - 1:00pm - break time / lunch 1:00pm - 4:00pm -people visitations -meetings 4:00pm - 7:00pm -return to his office and take care of ministry matters 7:00pm - 10:00pm - “busy time” - meet with parishioners for meetings - host support/meeting groups 10:00pm - 6:00am -return to rectory for personal time -sleep

30

Classroom

Classroom Steeple

Classroom

Steeple

Mech. W/C

Narthex

Cl

Storage Prayer Shrine

Meeting Rm.

Dining

Admin. Offices Priests' Offices

GBD Rm

Cl

BD Rm

W/C

W/C

Living GBD Rm

Library

W/C

Storage

W/C

Foyer

W/C

Staff Rm

Laundry

Coats

Lobby Atrium/Courtyard

Mud Rm

Kitchen

BD Rm

BD Rm

W/C

Cl Cl

W/C

Cl


Residential Portion

Meeting Room

Prayer Shrine

Library

W/C

Staff Room

Priests’ Offices (x3)

Administration

Coat Room

Foyer/Waiting

Mechanical

W/C

Changeroom

Nursery

Classrooms

Storage

Kitchen

Multipurpose Room

Banquette Hall

Coat Room

W/C

Foyer

Atrium/Courtyard

Mechanical

Storage

W/C

Narthex

Minarets (x2)

Chapels (x4)

Nave

Confession Booths

Transcept

Choir

Sacristy

Altar

Apse Apse Altar Sacristy Choir Transcept Confession Booths Nave Chapels (x4) Minarets (x2) Narthex W/C Storage Mechanical Atrium/Courtyard Foyer W/C Coat Room Banquette Hall Multipurpose Room Kitchen Storage Classrooms Nursery Changeroom W/C Mechanical Foyer/Waiting Coat Room Administration Priests’ Offices (x3) Staff Room W/C Library Prayer Shrine Meeting Room Residential Portion

31


5.3 Program Master Program Matrix Space

Description

Users

Frequency/Duration

Orientation

D(x)

D (y) Area (m²)  Height (m)  Volume

Form Generator

Natural Light (Y/N)

Basillica

Public Apse Altar Choir Organ Sacristy Confession Booth (x3) Steeple (x2)  Transcept Nave Narthex  Chapel (x4) Atrium/Courtyard

Other Washrooms Universal W/C Storage  Mechanical

Total

Priest Priest, Altar Servers Choir Organist Priest, Altar Servers Priest & Person Staff  Congregation Congregation Congregation Congregation Congregation

Daily Basis Daily Basis Daily Basis Daily Basis Often Weekly Weekly Daily Basis Daily Basis Daily Basis Daily Basis Daily Basis

5 6 2.5 2 4 1.3 5 6 20 5 5 20

10 10 5 6 3 1.3 5 40 60 10 8 10

19 60 12.5 12 12 5.07 50 240 1200 50 160 200

Congregation Congregation Concierge Concierge

Daily Basis Daily Basis Rarely Rarely

8 2 4 4.5

7 2.5 8 3.5

56 10 32 15.75 2134.32

Parish Hall Public Foyer Banquette Hall Kitchen Storage Multipurpose Room Class Rooms (x4) Nursery Change Room  Washrooms Mechanical Room Coat Room

32

Rectory

Y Y Y N Y N Y Y Y Y Y Y

N N N N

747.2

Total

Visitors Visitors Staff Staff Visitors Priests, Students Staff, Children Staff Visitors Concierge Visitors

Daily Basis Often Often Rarely Often Daily Basis Often Rarely Often Rarely OFten

8 8 5 6 6 6 6 4 6.4 4 2

10 20 8 6 14 8 8 5 8 5 8

80 160 40 36 84 192 48 20 51.2 20 16 747.2 931.61

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

2988.8

Y Y N N Y Y Y N N N N


Kitchen Storage Multipurpose Room Class Rooms (x4) Nursery Change Room  Washrooms Mechanical Room Coat Room

Space

Total

Description

Staff Staff Visitors Priests, Students Staff, Children Staff Visitors Concierge Visitors

Users

Often Rarely Often Daily Basis Often Rarely Often Rarely OFten

Frequency/Duration

Orientation

5 6 6 6 6 4 6.4 4 2

D(x)

8 6 14 8 8 5 8 5 8

D (y)

Rectory Basillica

Priest Priest, Altar Servers Choir Organist Priest, Altar Servers Priest & Person Staff  Congregation Congregation Congregation Congregation Priests Priests Congregation

Steeple (x2)  Total Transcept Nave Narthex  Common Space (Home) Chapel (x4) Kitchen Dining Room Atrium/Courtyard

Other Washrooms Universal W/C Storage  Utility Mechanical Laundry Linen Closet Storage Mechanical Mud Room

Parish Hall

Total

Total

desk/prayer space/dresser/bed toilet/shower/sink

desk/prayer space/dresser/bed toilet/shower/sinl

Daily Basis Mon‐Fri Daily Basis Mon‐Fri Daily Basis Mon‐Fri Daily Basis Daily Basis Often Daily Basis Daily Basis Often Mon‐Fri Evenings Weekly Daily Basis

Weekly Daily Basis Daily Basis Daily Basis Daily Basis Daily Basis Daily Basis

Priests Priests Priests Priests

Often Often Twice Weekly Daily Basis

Congregation Congregation Concierge Concierge Priests

Daily Basis Daily Basis Rarely Rarely Once‐Twice Weekly

Priests Priests Priests Priests

Total

Public Private Foyer Bedroom Banquette Hall Bathroom Walkin Closet Kitchen Total x3 Storage Multipurpose Room Private for Guests Class Rooms (x4) Guestrooms  Nursery Bathrooms Change Room  Closet Washrooms Total x2 Mechanical Room Landscape Coat Room Garage (4 Cars) Total Rectory 

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

Height (m) 4 Volume 2988.8 Form Generator

N N Y Y Y N N N N

Natural Light (Y/N)

931.61

Public Lobby / Waiting Public Administrative Office  Apse Priest Offices (x3) Altar Staff Room Choir Washroom Library Organ Prayer Shrine Sacristy Meeting Room Confession Booth (x3) Coat Room

Living Room  Bathroom Laundry Foyer

40 36 84 192 48 20 51.2 20 16 Area (m²)  747.2

Visitors Priest Visitors Priest Priest Staff Staff Visitors Priests, Students Visiting Priest Staff, Children Visiting Priest Staff Visitors Concierge Visitors

West

Diffuse East

East West

Weekly Rarely Rarely  Daily

Daily Basis Daily  Often Daily  Daily  Often Rarely Often Daily Basis Occasionally Often Occasionally Rarely Occasionally Often Rarely OFten

5 5 5 3 6 5 2.5 2.5 6 2 6 4 6 1.3 1.5

5 6 20 5 5 4 4 20

East

5 40 60 10 8 4 3 10

6 1.5 2.4 2.8

4.8 1.8 1.8 3

8 2 4 4.5 1.8

7 2.5 8 3.5 2.4

0.4 2.4 2.4 2.4

East

8 10 10 3.6 10 8 5 5 16 6 6 3 8 1.3 2

8 4.2 8 2.4 1.5 5 6 6 6 3.6 6 2.4 4 0.6 6.4 4 2 6.7

1 3.6 3.6 3.6

10 4.8 20 1.5 1.5 8 6 14 8 3.6 8 1.5 5 1.5 8 5 8 15

40 50 19 32.4 60 40 12.5 12.5 96 12 36 12 48 5.07 3 50 715.8

240 1200 50 160 16 12 200

3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

28.8 2.7 4.32 8.4 72.22

3 3 3 3 3 3 3

8.64 8.64 8.64 747.2 30.64

3 3 3 3 3 3

56 10 32 15.75 4.32 0.4 2134.32

80 20.16 160 3.6 2.25 40 78.03 36 84 192 12.96 48 3.6 20 0.9 51.2 34.92 20 16 100.5 747.2 931.61

4 3 4 3 3 4 3 4 4 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 4 4

2147.4

216.66

91.92

234.09

104.76

402 2988.8

Y Y YY Y Y Y N N N Y Y N N

Y Y Y Y YY Y

Y N N Y

N N N N N N N N

YY Y N N N Y Y Y Y N N N N N N N

33


5.4 Program Individual Activity Analysis FUNCTION: Altar and Apse ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why - The Apse is the end piece of the altar platform - The space is used by the priest and altar servers during the Masses that are held throughout the week Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when - Depending on the time of time of year, different ornamentations are used - In some modern churches this space acts as a performance stage for Passion Plays

Notes, comments;

FUNCTION: Transept ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why - It is the transverse section which separates the nave from the sanctuary, apse and choir

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

Outlets for: HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

- It is user by any users in the Church Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

Notes, comments;

34

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Choir, Sacristy, Nave, Transept Access to: Clear Height: Insulation from:

Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

- Accompanied by an organist Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when - Choir may expand in size

Notes, comments;

FUNCTION: Nave ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why - Where the congregation assembles during mass

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

Notes, comments;

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Apse, Altar, Transept, Nave Access to: Clear Height: Insulation from:

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

- During holidays, the number of people attending may increase dramatically

Clear Height:

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Nave, Transept, Choir, Altar Access to:

Insulation from:

- The designated space for where the church choir assembles as sings during mass.

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Outlets for: HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

FUNCTION: Choir ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Transcept, Narthex, Chapels, Access to: Confession Booth Clear Height: Insulation from:

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas


FUNCTION: Sacristy ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why - Essentially the backstage of the Mass - It is used by the priest and altar servers to prepare for the mass

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

- Should include a small amount of flexible storage space

Notes, comments;

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

FUNCTION: Steeple ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently - More for the sense of capturing the original Church look, Occasionally this would be used occasionally for viewing or adjusting the bell

Clear Height:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

- Programming the bell to chime with day light savings

Notes, comments; -possible addition

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when - higher usage during the time period before Christmas and Easter

Notes, comments;

FUNCTION: Organ ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why

- Used during Mass and rehearsals by the organist

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Nave, Narthex Access to: Clear Height: Insulation from:

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Outlets for:

- A 3 part booth, with a priest in the center and one on each side for the person reflecting on their sins

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Altar, Transept Access to:

Insulation from:

FUNCTION: Confession Booth ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Nave, possibly Transept Access to: Clear Height: Insulation from:

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Notes, comments; - Located on a mezzanine located at the back of the nave overlooking the congregation

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Nave via stairs Access to: Clear Height: Insulation from:

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

35


5.4 Program Individual Activity Analysis FUNCTION: Narthex ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why

- Essentially the lobby of the Church

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

Notes, comments;

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

- Connects with the other building master-program groups

FUNCTION: Washrooms ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why - Where the congregation does their business

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Notes, comments; - 2 larger washrooms for each sex, as well as an universally accessible one

36

would be used by anyone in the Church - transition from exterior to interior

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Nave, Atrium Courtyard Access to:

Insulation from:

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

Notes, comments; -possible addition

FUNCTION: Mechanical ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why - houses the mechanical services of the building - used by the service workers

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Narthex, Atrium/Courtyard Access to:

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

Notes, comments;

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Access to: Clear Height: Insulation from:

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Clear Height: Insulation from:

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Clear Height:

Outlets for: Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

-

FUNCTION: Atrium/Courtyard ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Narthex, Nave, should be isolated Access to: Clear Height: Insulation from:

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas


FUNCTION: Foyer ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why - The lobby of the parish hall - Used by the people

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

Notes, comments;

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

- possibly connects to the atrium/narthex

FUNCTION: Multipurpose room ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why

-a general room for various activities and events to take place

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

- possible connection to the banquette hall to combine the two spaces

Notes, comments;

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

- Used for events such as Funerals, Weddings, and other general celebrations

Insulation from:

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

Notes, comments;

Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

FUNCTION: Nursery ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why - to be used during mass for parents with small children - could possibly be a daycare facility

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

Clear Height: Insulation from: Lighting:

Notes, comments;

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity: Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Kitchen, Foyer, Washrooms Access to:

Safety:

Clear Height:

Lighting:

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Banquette Hall, Foyer, Storage Access to:

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Clear Height:

Insulation from:

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Atrium, washrooms, halls Access to:

Outlets for: Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

FUNCTION: Banquette Hall ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Access to: Clear Height: Insulation from:

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

37


5.4 Program Individual Activity Analysis FUNCTION: Coat Room ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why - for coats when people are attending mass, gatherings, class

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when -different traffic during different seasons

Notes, comments;

FUNCTION: Class Rooms ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why

- Sunday Schools and for group meetings

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

Notes, comments;

38

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

- used by staff when making food for banquettes or community services

Lighting:

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Access to:

Notes, comments;

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

FUNCTION: Storage ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why - used for general storage as well as storage for food drives

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

Clear Height: Insulation from: Lighting:

Notes, comments;

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity: Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Access to:

Safety:

Clear Height: Insulation from:

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Clear Height: Insulation from:

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Access to:

Outlets for: Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

FUNCTION: Kitchen ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Access to: Clear Height: Insulation from:

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas


FUNCTION: Parish Hall Foyer ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why - People would enter here into the Parish Hall section

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when - Perhaps having the possibility to add in more seating when demand is higher

Notes, comments;

FUNCTION: Priests’ Offices ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why

- Where the Priests would conduct their personal work matters

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

OTHER REQUIREMENTS - most likely the foyer of the Church, Access to: all other parts of the Parish Hall Clear Height: Insulation from:

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

- Should be able to fit at least 4 people

Notes, comments;

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

FUNCTION: Administrative Office ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why - This is where the Parish Employees would work, people request to utilize custom church services would come here to organize such matters with them

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

Outlets for: Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

Notes, comments;

FUNCTION: Meeting Room ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why - A room to conduct business meetings and group gatherings such as support groups

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Their residence, administration Access to:

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

Notes, comments;

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Foyer, Staff Room Access to: Clear Height: Insulation from:

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Clear Height: Insulation from:

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Parish Foyer Access to: Clear Height: Insulation from: Lighting:

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

39


5.4 Program Individual Activity Analysis FUNCTION: Staff Room ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why - a small lounge area for employees to take breaks

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

Notes, comments;

FUNCTION: Storage ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why - used for general storage as well as storage for food drives

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

Notes, comments;

40

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Access to:

Insulation from:

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

Notes, comments;

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

FUNCTION: Residential Portion of the Rectory ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently - the housing section for the priests and the visiting priests Occasionally

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Library, Parish Hall Foyer Access to:

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

Notes, comments;

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

- this section is a lot more elaborate, contains Bedrooms, Dining, Kitchen, and

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Access to: Clear Height: Insulation from:

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Clear Height: Insulation from:

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Clear Height:

Outlets for: Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

FUNCTION: Prayer Shrine ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why - a small worship space in the Parish Hall used mainly for private reflection and though

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Parish Hall Foyer, Maybe Library, Access to: Should also connect with Church Clear Height: Insulation from:

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

Bedrooms


FUNCTION: Kitchen/Dining ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why

- Where the priests make and eat food

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

Notes, comments;

FUNCTION: Laundry ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why - Used by the residents to clean clothing

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

Notes, comments;

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

- An area for the priests to read scriptures and focus on work

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Access to:

Insulation from:

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

Notes, comments;

FUNCTION: Bedrooms ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why - sleeping, dressing, study, prayer

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Other act. Assoc. Constantly Frequently Occasionally

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Access to:

Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

Notes, comments;

HAZARDS Fumes Spatters Contamination Fire Annoyances Smell Smoke Vapour Corrosion Noise

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Access to: Clear Height: Insulation from:

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Clear Height: Insulation from:

COMMUNICATION NEEDS Chalkboard / Tackboard Surface: Chart Suspensor / Projection Screen Outlets for:

Clear Height:

Outlets for: Anticipated changes in this activity, needs, space, when

FUNCTION: Study ACTIVITY: Who does what, where, when, why

Projector / Telephone / Clock Intercom / Appliance / Computer

OTHER REQUIREMENTS Access to: Clear Height: Insulation from:

Sound / Vibration / Electromagnet

Lighting:

Natural / Artificial / Emergency

Visual:

No sun / Darken occasionally / Privacy / View Out / No View

Constant:

Temperature: Humidity:

Safety:

Shower / Eyewash / Master Gas

41


6.1 Precedents The Santi Cosma e Damiano Parochial Centre

North Elevation

By: SCAU Architects Location: Acireale CT, Italy Date: 2014

The Santi Cosma e Damiano Parochial Centre in

Tridentine Order. For instance, the Church and Bell

Italy was designed by the Paris Based firm SCAU after

Tower are located on the East side. The essential con-

they won the competition held for it. This project is

cept in defining sacred space in this project is through a

studied to gain a better understanding of a Parish Hall

light canon that illuminates the church area. “The light is

and Rectory, the relationships the two have as well as

used to give voice to the sacred.�

East Elevation

the programs it houses. Additionally, itis also examine to how it connects with its surroundings and how it defines sacred space.

This project features many of the spaces that were discussed in the program analysis: classrooms,

South Elevation

residential portion, multipurpose space, utility space, While clearly presenting itself as New Order place

etc. With the proposed site in Toronto being so large, it

of worship, due to its more communal and informal

may be worthy to create a defining outdoor plaza in a

spaces, the project still embodies some aspects of the

similar manner in which it was executed in this project.

42

West Elevation


Presentation Space Foyer + Communal

Circulation Sacred Space

Classrooms Residential Quarters

Utilities

43


6.2 Precedents Iglesia San Jorge

Longitudinal Section I

Church

Courtyard

Parish Hall

By: Tabuenca & Leache Location: Navarra, Spain Date: 2008

Iglesia San Jorge by the architecture firm

ity. The architects divided the program into three distinct

Tabuenca & Leache was constructed in 2008 in Navarre,

sections; having two squares connected with the court-

Spain. The project was chosen for analysis as its

yard. The courtyard itself serves two purposes: creating an

program required a church, a small chapel and parish

isolated tranquil environment, and to act as transitional

center. Each one of these main functions contains very

threshold from the city into the sacred space.

similar programmatic demands as outlined in the con-

This precedent also appears to have been designed

ducted program analysis. The building also responds to

to follow the Novus Ordo. Unlike, the Santi Cosma e Dami-

its site and the concept of defining the sacred space

ano Parochial Centre, it was not built to face a certain

eectively.

direction, but does echo the traditional cross plan in its

The building lies perpendicularly to the street

layout of the church. The project illustrates the importance

and strides to not break the urban fabric’s rhythm. The

of threshold and tranquility, and accomplishes this

form was generated with the concept of the Sacred Trin-

through its use of natural light and its material palette.

44

Transversal Section I

Transversal Section II

Longitudinal Section II


Prayer Shrine

Utilities

Sacred Space

Classrooms

Courtyard

Circulation

Residential

45


6.3 Precedents Church of Light

East Elevation

West Elevation

By: Tadao Ando Location: Ibaraki, Osaka, Japan Date: 1999 One of the most iconic Chapels in the world is the

creating a threshold as one passes through them before

Church of Light Constructed by Tadao Ando in Osaka, Japan.

entering the sacred space glowing with the sunlit cross. The

The project is executed flawlessly, with every element

chapel itself creates retreat for one, isolating them from the

thought through to be poetic, functional and eicient. It

outside world as they devote themselves to prayer.

highlights Ando’s iconic use of concrete, illustrating that

Elements of both these orders can be discovered;

architecture and nature are separate from one another, but

however, the church focuses itself on personal reflection and

must interact with each other pleasantly.

brings oneself closer to God through prayer. The chapel is

The project links three buildings together: The

relatively small, seating around 80 persons at a time; thus,

Church, the Sunday School and the Minister House. Each

Ando determined to focus the design on the individual rather

being its separate rectangular mass, two angles are intro-

than the congregation. The analysis of this project highlight-

duced and pierce through the Church and School. This was

ed the importance of self-focus and prayer, and using light

done to create circulation, and to play with light. The corri-

gracefully. Foremost, it showed how constricting and expan-

dors that are formed by the angles are tall and narrow,

sive space can be used to define what space is Sacred Space.

46

North Elevation

South Elevation

http://www.public.iastate.edu/~stanarch/

Longitudinal Section


Sacred Space

School

Minister House

Circulation

Utilites

47


6.4 Precedents Notre Dame Du Haut

North Elevation

By: Le Corbusier Location: Ronchamp, France Date: 1954 Another timeless religious and architectural structure, Le Corbusier’s combines dynamic form, colour and light to define Sacred Space. The site of the building contained a 4th Century Chapel that was destroyed during World War II. The approach Corbusier took to the site was to create sculptural form, independent of his style and the international style. Another fundamental aspect is the journey one ventures on to the site, seeing the building slowly rise out of the horizon, creates the threshold one experiences as they prepare to enter the sacred space. Corbusier wanted to achieve a spatial purity, using form and clean materials with light to create an ethereal atmosphere for meditation and prayer. The massing is the result of a combination of concave and convex walls that generate the sculptural form and support the capping shell.

Deviant Art: sketchercise

While these curving entities define the building formally, as one transitions inside the chapel, the form generator becomes light. The interior of this chapel is illuminated by perforations and baffles in the exterior wall. Interestingly, several openings are positioned to capture the sun at a specific date in time. Like Tadao Ando’s Church of Light, Le Corbusier pivots this project on creating a pure and tranquil environment for one to focus on themselves and God. Both projects also heavily use light to help define form and Sacred Space. This project brought forward a very spectacular concept of threshold; doing so through a journey. With the proposed site’s area being in the middle of the precedents analyzed, it would be worthy to examine how to define a journeying threshold on it to prepare one as they enter the Sacred Space.

East Elevation

South Elevation

West Elevation

48


Sacred Space

Altar

Chapels

Circulation

Confession

Exterior Altar

49


6.5 Precedents St. Stephen’s Cathedral

By: Anton Pilgram

Location: Austria, Vienna

Date: 1147

The Final Precedent studied is St. Stephen’s Cathe-

The interior captures the same sense of scale, and when I felt

dral in Vienna, Austria. It was constructed in 1147 and

like I was in a place built for the scale of God’s. Another

designed by architect Anton Pilgram. With a height of 137m,

memory that was imprinted on me was the ornamentation.

much taller than any buildings surrounding it, the Cathedral

While, the majority of it was done for the sake of expressing,

presents itself as one, casting itself as a landmark and

the way in which the structure exemplified itself and was just

creates a social nexus around it. The Cathedral captures the

as highly decorative, greatly improved the impact and deliv-

style of the Gothic Style, as well as illustrating the typical

ery of the Gothic ideals. This project demonstrates how the

design approach to Churches of the Tridentine Order.

old order of the church functioned and how it was organized.

While working in Europe over the summer, I had the

As well as how ornamentation and scale create an under-

opportunity to visit this building. Upon first glancing at this

standing of the macro (God) and the micro (humans) to

structure, I was captivated by its size and décor.

define the Sacred Space.

50


Narthex

Nave

Towers

Aisles

Transept

Choir

Altar

Apse

51


7.1 Conclusion Review and Next Steps

Through studying the site on adjacent to the Distillery Distract, it demonstrates to be suitable for the chosen building typology of the Basilica. The site analysis studied the unique character, history and people found in its context. It is necessary that the Basilica will serve the site respectively, addressing its inhabitants and future. Both the site and the typology would complement each other to strengthen their core values. Moreover, building code analysis and program analysis brought forward how spaces need to communicate with themselves and form a narrating circulation through it. Upon studying precedents, it was learned how Churches have been designed in respect to both the Old Order and New Order of the Church, but also introduced the concept of personal meditation as sacred space. Additionally, studying these projects also introduced notions of using light, spaces and approach to define what is Sacred Space. With the analysis being concluded, the next steps of this project will be to create a network of the key issues that brought forward and need to be addressed in the final design. With a core concept established, programming massing will be explored within the context of the site and its regulations. With a well-functioning program charted, form will be generated based on it and the main concept. Overall this project has strengthen my understanding of what must be done, how it must be done and why it must be done when commencing to define the Sacred Space.

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8.1 Sources Bibliography AD Classics: Ronchamp / Le Corbusier. (2010, November 2). Retrieved October 18, 2015. Ando, T., & Endo, N. (2007). Tadao Ando. Tokyo: TOTO Shuppan. Boesiger, W. (1967). Le Corbusier, 1910-65. New York: Praeger. Earthquakes Canada. (n.d.). Retrieved October 18, 2015. Explore West Don Lands. (n.d.). Retrieved October 18, 2015. Iglesia San Jorge / Tabuenca & Leache. (2013, August 17). Retrieved October 18, 2015. Kroll, A. (2010, November 3). AD Classics: Ronchamp / Le Corbusier. Retrieved October 18, 2015. Kroll, A. (2011, January 5). AD Classics: Church of the Light / Tadao Ando. Retrieved October 18, 2015. McNamara, D. (2011). How to read churches: A crash course in ecclesiastical architecture. New York: Rizzoli International ; Lewes, East Sussex :.

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Ontario Building Code 2014 PDF | otomanus.com. (n.d.). Retrieved October 18, 2015. PAUL VI, P. (1983). Constitution on the sacred liturgy. Washington: United States Catholic Conference. Pallister, J. (n.d.). Sacred spaces: Contemporary religious architecture. Rickett, R. (1985). St. Stephen’s Cathedral in Vienna: A short guide to St. Stephens’s cathedral in Vienna. Place of publication not identified: [publisher not identified]. Studio, S. (n.d.). SCAU STUDIO. Retrieved October 18, 2015. Tabuenca & Leache. (n.d.). Tabuenca & Leache, arquitectos :: Pamplona :: Spain. Retrieved October 18, 2015. The Santi Cosma e Damiano Parochial Centre / SCAU. (2014, July 17). Retrieved October 18, 2015. WARD 28 TORONTO CENTRE-ROSEDALE PROFILE - Demographics - Your City | City of Toronto. (n.d.). Retrieved October 18, 2015. West Don lands precinct plan, Toronto, Ontario. (2005). Toronto}: [Toronto Waterfront Revitalization].

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Site and Program Analysis  

Site Analysis of the Distillery District and Basilica Building Typology

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