Greenport Autumn 2021

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GreenPort Australia | Renewables | Efficiency | Monitoring


GREENPORT Cruise Congress &

WIND POWER The key to decarbonisation?



46 Global Briefing

17 Cruise

Solar energy, hydrogen project, digital decarbonisation

Michele Witthaus chats to the Port of Kiel

27 Africa focus

48 Product News

Shem Oirere looks into green developments at Damietta

Shore power, spill cleaning, electric tug

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FEATURES 11 GreenPort Australia

Take homes from the first GreenPort live conference in Oceania

13 GreenPort Congress


A Q&A session with this year’s host Piraeus Port

29 Australasia focus

Ports Australia is looking after its people, writes Dave MacIntyre

35 Opinion

Isabelle Ryckbost, ESPO talks about ports becoming green energy hubs

38 Future fuels

Blue ammonia, cleaner LNG, Green methanol

21 Renewables

The Port of Tyne says wind power is key to decarbonisation

24 Efficiency

Big data makes ports more potent, writes Nexxiot


30 Planning


Redshaw Advisors gives guidance on the latest carbon reforms

GREENPORT Cruise Congress r &

33 Social responsibility

Business Fights Poverty talks giving back to society

29 For the latest news and analysis go to

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Operating ranges 11.5 – 20.0 m


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EDITORIAL & CONTENT Editor: Anne-Marie Causer News Reporter: Rebecca Jeffrey


Making green pay


Renewables are another way that ports are striving to make going green pay, not only by using them, but tapping into the wider sector to bolster business

Understandably most operators are concerned with outlay and they want their sustainability strategies to pay dividends. There is of course an outlay to achieve increased efficiency, decreased costs and reduced emissions. But how do you know where to put your money to be sure to achieve your objectives? Especially important if you have a smaller budget. One option is to share knowledge and look to your peers - a good take home from the first GreenPort Australia online conference. Australia is actively creating an “internal report card” forming working groups of active sustainability projects sharing knowledge across Oceania. This is giving all parties involved a “competitive thirst” to impart knowledge and replicate projects at their own operations. But it’s also bringing the industry together to tackle the collective pain of climate change. Renewables are another way that ports are striving to make going green pay, not only by using them, but tapping into the wider sector to bolster business. Take the UK’s Port of Tyne for example, which has put wind power firmly at the centre of its sustainability strategy. The port has identified a niche for itself because it’s ideally placed to support any developments within the northern North Sea area. It has been gearing itself up to cater for the international rush to install and increase turbine capacity. The aim being to accelerate time to market for operators and provide access to much needed resources, helping the offshore wind sector to fulfil its true potential. It’s all about building sustainability strategy around your own business objectives. The other fundamental of course is to create smoother, more efficient operations which are integral to lowering costs and emissions. And Finland and Sweden are ably doing this using digitalisation. The Port of Rauma and Port of Gävle are sharing real-time information on key timestamps using an innovative app designed to create a more efficient flow of port calls. Resources are better used, time is saved and the environmental effects are positive. The app they use is open source meaning that the software behind the solution is available for all ports globally to use and develop their own apps. Exciting stuff. There’s possibly never been a better time for ports to take control of their own destinies and plan their sustainabilty strategies to create prosperity into the future. See you there. Share your news with us online by searching @greenportbiz on Twitter and Facebook or email

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Correspondents Dave MacIntyre, Australia Shem Oirere, Africa Michele Witthaus, Cruise Contributors Simon Brett Daniel MacGregor Redshaw Advisors Isabelle Ryckbost Ulf Siwe Zahid Torres-Rahman Production Ian Swain, David Blake, Gary Betteridge SALES & MARKETING t +44 1329 825335 f +44 1329 550192 Media Sales Manager: Tim Hills Media Sales Executive: Hannah Bolland Chief Executive: Andrew Webster Published quarterly by Mercator Media Ltd, Spinnaker House, Waterside Gardens, Fareham, Hampshire PO16 8SD Tel: +44 1329 825335 Fax: +44 1329 550192 E-mail: Website: Registered in England Company Number 2427909 Registered office address: c/o Spinnaker House, Waterside Gardens, Fareham, Hampshire PO16 8SD Digital Edition: Subscription Rates: £71.50 pa For subscriptions contact ©Mercator Media Limited 2021 ISSN: 2045-6085 (print) ISSN: 2633-4488 (online) Cover image: Port of Tyne

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Hydrogen project takes off

Photo: Port of Kiel

Oman’s green hydrogen project is gaining momentum with a new partner. Uniper has signed a corporation agreement to join HYPORT Duqm’s project team, provide engineering services and negotiate an exclusive offtake agreement of green ammonia. The project’s first phase will see the development of a 250-500MW green hydrogen facility connected to the Port of Duqm.

Investing in renewables

Zero-carbon terminal

Plans are in place to build “the world’s first Artificial Intelligence (AI) zero-carbon terminal”. “Compared with other automated container terminals, the intelligent container terminal in section C will still building wind turbines and photovoltaics on site, allowing the terminal to use electricity for its own use,” said Chen Yanping, deputy general manager of Tianjin Port Group.

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8 Almost 300 photovoltaic modules have been installed at the Ostseekai cruise terminal

Solar energy is being ramped up at a European port as part of a climate-neutral agenda. The Port of Kiel is increasing its production of climate-friendly solar energy. At the beginning of August, almost 300 photovoltaic modules were installed at the Ostseekai cruise terminal, on the roof of the 175m long gangway to the northern berth. “The output of each PV panel is 335 watts, so that the calculated system output is nearly 100kWp in total,” said the Port of Kiel.

Green output Depending on the weather, about 90,000kWh of green electricity can be generated per year. This is roughly equivalent to the annual consumption of 30 private households. However, it is planned to use 80% of the generated solar energy for the self-consumption of the transformers of the neighbouring onshore power plant as well as for the LED facade. The remaining energy will be fed into the public grid.

A Danish port will play a key part in the construction of a major Baltic offshore wind farm. The Bornholm island-based Port of Roenne has been selected as the wind turbine installation port for Iberdrola’s 476MW Baltic Eagle offshore wind farm, situated in German waters 40km west of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea. Thomas Bendtsen, CEO at Port of Roenne, said: “It is very positive that Iberdrola and Vestas have selected the Port of Roenne as the installation port for the Baltic Eagle-project. This underlines our services are competitive. At the same time we are continuously implementing initiatives to improve the services offered to our customers in the market.”


Supply contracts Iberdrola and Vestas have

The Port of Kiel already generates about 300,000kWh of electricity from solar energy every year. Its Ostuferhafen cargo centre features photovoltaic systems to capture solar energy and aid the port’s sustainability goals. The new system can go into operation as soon as it has been approved by relevant authorities.

Photo: Port of Roenne

Renewable energy, shore power and LNG are among the investment areas of one US port. Having been certified by Green Marine in June, the Port of Galveston in Texas is currently researching, planning and implementing a number of environmental programmes. “Joining Green Marine helps the port identify and implement best practices, manage our environmental initiatives, measure our progress, and strive for continuous improvement,” said Rodger Rees, port director and chief executive officer for the Port of Galveston.

8 Vestas design, manufacture, install, and service wind turbines across the globe

signed a contract for the supply of 50 units of the offshore wind turbine V174-9.5 MW for the Baltic Eagle wind farm, which spans a 40km2 area. All 50 turbines will in 2024 be

pre-assembled and installed out of the Port of Roenne. Baltic Eagle is Iberdrola’s second major German offshore initiative following the successful completion in 2017 of the 350MW Wikinger offshore wind farm. Baltic Eagle will connect to the Lubmin substation through two newly established HV cables. Together, Wikinger and Baltic Eagle will be the largest offshore wind complex in the Baltic Sea, with over 826MW joint installed capacity and a total investment of roughly €2.5bn. The cluster is expected to prevent the release of nearly 1.65m tonnes of CO2 each year. The Baltic Eagle wind farm alone will prevent the release of around 1m tonnes of CO2.

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A Russian port is investing in dust suppression to protect the environment. The Sea Port of SaintPetersburg JSC (SP SPb) has put into operation FLEX-FLAP hoppers with an aspiration and dust suppression system for handling of loose cargo. SP SPb said that technical specialists fitted the hoppers with wind protection screens and anemometers for an automatic transmission of wind direction data to the operation department. If wind speed exceeds 8 m/s, cargo handling is suspended until weather conditions are favourable again.

Brazil’s green ambition

A Brazilian maritime logistics company is developing ways to reduce the environmental impact of its operations over the past decade, helping to make ports cleaner and more energy-efficient. Wilson Sons’ most recent effort is ensuring that its four new tugboats, currently under construction by Damen Shipyards, are being built to IMO Tier III standard, reducing nitrogen oxide emissions by 75%.

Ambitious sustainability strategy

Zero net emissions by 2050 is one aim of a New Zealand port’s new sustainability strategy. Napier Port’s sustainability strategy and action plan has a 10-year time frame and is aligned to Government and United Nations goals. Todd Dawson, chief executive of the port, said: “We wanted a strategy that will actually enable us to make a difference and one that is authentic to Napier Port and our community.”

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Ports are exploring creating their own digital assets to reach decarbonisation goals. PSA International Pte Ltd has entered into a Memorandum of Understanding with the RHT Group of Companies to explore co-creation and investment in Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) digital assets solutions, including blockchain. “This MoU supports PSA’s ongoing commitment towards building a more sustainable port and supply chain ecosystem. In this collaboration, we will draw on our collective expertise to further PSA sustainability initiatives for supply chain partners and users,” said Eddy Ng, Head of Group Commercial & Supply Chain Sustainability Solutions, PSA. Expertise The partners plan to combine their expertise across sustainability, corporate and digital finance, intellectual property, blockchain and digital asset trading to deliver consultancy and tokenisation services, as well as a regulated Decarbonisation plans are progressing steadily at a European port with a shore power project. The Port Authority of Valencia (Valenciaport) is preparing tender details for its electrical substation project at the Port of Valencia that will make it possible to provide ships with shore power while they are docked. Valenciaport said it has published the procedure for awarding the contract for the construction of the connection for

Photo: PSA International

Tackling dust


8 PSA developed its sustainability strategy framework in 2020

exchange platform to support PSA’s efforts. In addition, RHT’s team of sustainability consultants will also advise on value creation strategies while digital asset exchange SDAX will advise on the listing of digital assets on its platform. The collaboration will be augmented by PSA’s corporate venture capital arm, PSA unboXed, adding capability to initiatives and projects engaging startups. PSA developed its sustainability

strategy framework in 2020. Entitled ‘Green Horizons: Enabling a Better World Through Sustainable Port and Supply Chain Solutions’, the framework is based on a rigorous assessment of the environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors that are material to its business, customers and all other stakeholders.

SHORE POWER ACTION the electrical substation of the Port of Valencia with a budget of €2.8m. The port authority is also preparing the specifications for the construction of the electrical substation, with a base tender budget of more than €6.5m and a completion period of 24 months. Wide reach This substation will serve the different docks at the port, the

Photo: Valenciaport


northern container terminal and the public passenger terminal. The project involves the installation - in two stages - of two transformers with a total apparent power of 60 Mega Voltamperes (30 MVA each), which will enable the voltage received at 132 kV (132,000 volts, or 132 kV) to be reduced to 20 kV (20,000 volts, or 20 kV), as a preliminary step in bringing this voltage to various facilities. This infrastructure is expected to deliver significant reductions in emissions and operational costs for ships calling at the port. Valenciaport aims to achieve zero emissions by 2030. From 2008 to 2019, the carbon footprint of the Port of Valencia has been reduced by 30%, from 3.19 to 2.23 kg of CO2 per tonne handled. 8 The Port of Valencia is installing shore power to cut emissions and help it reach its decarbonisation goal

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DRIVING DOWN EMISSIONS Shore power is helping a French port reduce surging ship emissions owing to the pandemic. In a blog post, Cavotec said that the problem of ship emissions in ports has intensified in the wake of the pandemic. This is because “cruise ships that previously stayed in ports for a matter of hours or days, stayed at the same berths continually running their conventionallypowered engines, thereby increasing emissions of hazardous chemicals and particulate matter.”


Photo: Cavotec

Electric port tug

8 Marseille is using shore power to drive down emissions

Clean solution One port where emissions has become an urgent issue, with large numbers of cruise ships berthing for extended periods, is the Port of Marseille, France’s largest port. Recent reports suggest that maritime traffic had generated twice the amount of pollution there during lockdown than normal, with cruise ships in particular emitting almost six times more pollution in Marseille during lockdown than prior to the pandemic. Shore power is part of the solution for Marseille. Under its

Ship-to-Shore Power Supply (CENAQ) initiative, the port was the first port in France to provide shore power, for a ferry service connecting Marseille with the island of Corsica, in 2017. Cavotec has worked closely with Marseille on their shore power journey providing onboard junction boxes for La Meridionale vessels cruising between mainland France and Corsica and developing a radio remote control system that enables ships’ crews to connect ships to electrical power easily. The cleantech expert has also supplied four PowerReach

A stand-alone, portable system has been developed to deal with accidental fuel and oil spills quickly. Wave International’s DuoCart is a robust, lightweight system that can be put to use by a single person wherever water may have been contaminated. It is suitable for marinas, ports, dockyards, canals, rivers, on board and on land. Initial marketing and testing has been aimed at marinas and the leisure marine industry with plans to promote the DuoCart in ports around the world. “This product was developed as a result of demand from marina operators and dockyards who have seen and used our proven Wavestream bilge filters systems in vessels,” said Paul Gullett of Wavestream. “We were asked why we couldn’t create a portable product to deal with accidental

SPILL CLEANING SYSTEM spills in the waterways or on land. After some development work, and trials to prove its success, we are now delighted to be launching the DuoCart internationally,” he added. The DuoCart uses a suction lance to suck up polluted water which is then passed through the dual Wavestream filter systems, removing any pollutants including microplastics, returning clean water back into the waterway or drains. The system uses a particulate pre-filter and a high capacity Wavestream filter, which is manufactured to Lloyd’s Register standards, and has a flow rate of between 20 and 50 litres per minute depending on the pump. The system is housed on a manoeuvrable cart and operates either via DC power source or by using its own integral battery power.

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systems, for La Meridionale and Corsica Linea berths. PowerReach meets all relevant international Shore Connection standards and features a customised height and arm length to reach electrical connection points of the different vessels. Cavotec is a leading cleantech company that designs and delivers connection and electrification solutions to enable the decarbonisation of ports and industrial applications worldwide.

An all electric energy storage system will power a new tug in the US helping eliminate emissions. Corvus Energy has been selected by ABB Marine & Ports to supply the energy storage system for the all-electric tug eWolf by Crowley Maritime Corporation. “We see increased interest among the tug industry for all-electric propulsion systems. We believe this trend will continue globally due to the proximity to shore and opportunities to eliminate emissions within city limits and harbours,” said Sveinung Odegard, President of Corvus Energy USA.

Eco straddle carriers

Kalmar diesel-electric straddle carriers will help an Italian container terminal cut emissions. Cargotec’s Kalmar has received an order of 12 diesel-electric straddle carriers from Medcenter Container Terminal (MCT), which is owned and operated by Terminal Investment Limited (TIL). MCT is located in the Port of Gioia Tauro.

Green trucks

New battery electric yard trucks have the ability to handle heavy duty container operations. Red Hook Container Terminals LLC has begun regular commercial operation of ten BYD Motors heavy-duty zero-emission battery electric yard trucks at the Red Hook Marine Terminal in Port Newark, New Jersey. They are also being used for making runs to the other terminals at Port Newark and Port Elizabeth and runs to the Millennium Marine Rail yard. 8 The DuoCart

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MAKING SUSTAINABLE GOALS HAPPEN Sustainability strategy shouldn’t just be a glossy brochure, it needs concrete actions, that was one of the take homes from the first GreenPort Australia live conference

Energy transition Newcastle needs a concrete strategy as it is the world’s busiest coal export port. Its sustainability strategy born in 2019, is largely as a result of the port’s need to make the transition from fossil fuels and its diversification into alternatives which should make up 50% of the port’s export offering in the next nine years. Jackie Spiteri, Senior Manager ESG, Port of Newcastle, is responsible for developing the Ports Environmental Social Governance (ESG) Strategy and delivering the Ports Strategic Development Plan. “One of the main focuses for us in developing our ESG plan was environmental governance, we are already doing a lot here already, but it is marking it down as sustainable actions.” She pointed out that the port started out with the New South Wales Sustainability Advantage (SA) Recognition Scheme which rewards businesses for their commitment to sustainability. The port also joined the EcoPorts framework, the main environmental initiative of the European port sector which incorporates the Port Environmental Review System (PERS) the port sector specific environmental management standard. By joining these schemes the port has created its own environmental benchmarks forming the basis for its environmental strategy which it can continually come back to review and improve upon. The development of the strategy has been a careful project involving the port’s stakeholders because as Ms Spiteri says: “Sustainability needs to be embraced by everyone with tangible ways of improving environmental and social outcomes.” Learned lessons Mike Gallacher, CEO at Ports Australia, which is Australia’s peak body representing our ports community at the national level, says that to know where you’re going you have to know where you’ve come from. By using initiatives such as the IAPH World Port Sustainability Program, Australia has created an “internal report card”, forming working groups of active sustainability projects across Oceania giving all parties involved a “competitive thirst” to impart knowledge and replicate projects at their own operations. Ms Spiteri said that the end aim is to create ports as a resilient asset that will go on to support future generations. But cross divisional engagement is essential to make things happen. Newcastle has plenty of examples of how this can work in practice. Declan Clausen, Deputy Lord Mayor of Newcastle, talked

Photo: Port of Newcastle

“We are genuine in our ESG strategy and in our actions,” said Craig Carmody, CEO Port of Newcastle, in his introduction to the conference. “The move to a low carbon economy brings many risks, but we are committed to growing our non coal trade and replacing it with alternative energy.”

about the synergies between port and the city with the city being accountable to its constituents and the port being accountable to its stakeholders. The benefits of developing common goals to develop progress in sustainability is immeasurable he said, giving the example of a joint project between city and port to create electric vehicle charging points. Ms Spiteri says this is a good example of looking “outside the window” to the city, to both validate the strategic direction of the business and help mitigate potential risks for the future. She said it’s about bringing everyone on board and making ESG part of the norm of business, like the way we already incorporate health and safety for example, so metrics and targets have a role to play, along with KPIs. Mr Gallacher echoed the view on the national level. He said that Ports Australia is working to build a network across the pacific nation because everyone is feeling the impacts of climate change. “Why struggle on your own when we all have a stronger view together,” he said.

8 Newcastle’s sustainability strategy was born in 2019

Take homes GreenPort asked the panel what the take home messages are for other port’s in creating their own sustainability strategies. “Partnerships are central because there there is such a large spectrum of aspects to cover,” said Antonis Michail, Technical Director, World Ports Sustainability Program, IAPH. Ms Spiteri pointed out that partnerships should be across the board including when it comes to investment and recruitment. “Know your business inside out, identify what you do well and what your shortfalls and then work to fill the gaps.” The panelists were asked where it would like the industry to be by 2050 by the moderator, William Glamore, Chair, PIANC. Mr Gallacher said that as time progresses he hopes that sustainability “grows infectiously”. “We need to embrace change because there is no end to this project, it’s about continuous improvement,” he said. The aim by 2050 is to totally decarbonise the port sector with digitalisation playing an important role in achieving more resilient port systems, Mr Michail added.

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Hellenic Environmental Center is one of the largest and most experienced companies globally in the field of petroleum waste management, as a Port Reception Facilities provider, with an outstanding contribution to the protection of the marine environment wherever it operates. During the past two decades, our company has established a pioneering and dynamic role in the protection of the marine environment, providing services of exemplary quality to all major shipping companies in key European ports, such as Piraeus, Hamburg and Gibraltar. Responding to the increasing demands of the strict environmental legislation such as the International Convention MARPOL 73/78, which obliges every port to provide adequate port reception and treatment facilities for ship-generated waste, and to the paramount need to respect the environment and prevent adverse environmental impacts, HEC is distinguished by its competitors and appraised from its clients

and partners, for creating a powerful shield for the protection of the marine environment. The latter is achieved through the development of an innovative ecological umbrella, which embraces the whole process, i.e. from waste collection to treatment, and is renowned for the minimized environmental footprint it delivers in all the ports it operates. As an acknowledgment of its leading operational model, the company has been granted an International Patent for the treatment of ship-generated waste in an urban environment (guaranteeing a zero waste, zero noise and zero odor process), the recycling of the recovered oil and the production of alternative fuels, according to the highest standards of circular economy. In an effort to protect the environment and eliminate marine pollution, our company undertakes the provision of all-inclusive, integrated port reception facilities, laying the ground for the creation of Green Ports worldwide.

10 Akti Kondili | 185 45 | Piraeus | Greece Telephone: + 30 210 4290280 | E-mail: |



Photo: PPA

With its reputation as a forerunner in environmental stewardship, what better host for the 2021 GreenPort Cruise and Congress than the Greek Port of Piraeus

In this article, GreenPort sits down for a Q&A with Mr Yu Zeng Gang, Chairman of the Piraeus Port Authority (PPA) BoD. Why do you think Piraeus was the right choice to hold the conference this year? Greece has traditionally played a leading role in the global shipping industry with the Port of Piraeus, the biggest port in the country, being at its very core. Over the course of recent years, the port has experienced remarkable growth, uplifting the country’s role in the global sea transportation, tourism and trade. The Port of Piraeus large scale expansion plan continues at a fast pace. By hosting this year’s GreenPort Cruise & Congress we want to showcase the importance of linking growth with environmental sustainability and green development. That is why, alongside our expansion projects, we have set our sustainability goals around six key areas, water, air, energy, noise, waste management and digitisation/ innovation. Protection and preservation are concepts inherent to our development and sustainability strategy and we thus take all necessary preventive and remedial measures required by legislation. We in fact go beyond these requirements acting as a role model in green innovation and environmental performance for the whole Mediterranean port industry.


8 Protection and preservation are concepts inherent to the Piraeus development and sustainability strategy

In terms of your own environmental objectives what are you striving for in the short and longer term? On a long-term basis, we want to ensure a balance between environmental, social and economic development, enabling an efficient dialogue between the port and the city and the communities it serves. Facilitating the greening of Piraeus Port is central to these interrelated objectives and a pre-requisite for a sustainable future. We are embracing Europe’s ambition to be the world’s first net zero emission area by 2050 and take a strategic role in making the European Green Deal happen. Today, we have an integrated energy management system in place involving the use of a photovoltaic power plant leading to major reductions and savings of greenhouse gas emissions and delivering significant benefits to society, the energy market and the natural environment. Alongside a large scale planted roof enabling a microclimatic upgrade, several programs are already in place aiming to make us a first reference for go to environmental initiatives and best practices in the port industry. More specifically, we have developed and applied an integrated pollution prevention and control plan monitoring the atmospheric environment and the quality of the seawater, marine sediment and the acoustic environment on a 24-hour basis. In addition, we have installed atmospheric and fixed


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PORT PROFILE noise measurement stations, as well as created an integrated waste management system involving both land facilities and ship-generated waste. Several certifications, memberships and international alliances, such as our EcoPort PERS (Port Environmental Review System) certified status, ensure that we keep track of our environmental goals, while increasing the impact of our actions.

traffic study, Economic Structure and Pricing and an overall cost-benefit analysis of the project. We are also working on the ARSINOE project which develops the methodological framework for the combination of System Innovation Approach (SIA) with the Climate Innovation Window (CIW) in order to create, based on a three-tier approach, an ecosystem for climate change adaptation solutions.

Can you give us an overview of your involvement in the Poseidon Med II project? Since the start of the Poseidon Med II project, which aims to introduce LNG as the main fuel for the shipping industry, we have organised 31 events, attracting more than 2080 stakeholders and presented the project at 114 conferences. Both the site planning and the master plans for all respective ports have been updated and the necessary approvals have been obtained, including the approval of the addendum to the Master Plan of the Port of Piraeus by the Greek Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Insular Policy in February 2020. In addition, Geophysical and Bathymetric studies for the Port of Piraeus were completed in December 2018, alongside the Preliminary Engineering Design of the pipelines installation in all ports completed in 2020. We’ve also conducted a Cost Benefit Analysis which we update constantly in compliance with the detailed engineering designs and any new market data. It is noteworthy that PMII has strongly contributed to the working team assigned by the Greek Ministry of Shipping and Islands Policy for the drafting of the Presidential Decree (PD) on safe LNG Bunkering operations (PD 64/2019), a major milestone for the national regulatory framework. The PD is the umbrella legislation considering all national and international rules and practices, while containing a set of provisions and minimum criteria, such as safety & emergency procedures, simultaneous operations, fire-fighting measurements, manuals overview for LNG bunkering preparation & execution, training and other pillars, all enabling Greek ports to accommodate LNG bunkering operations.

What advice could you give to other ports in terms of their environmental strategy? A port’s environmental strategy needs a holistic approach based on a future proof strategy framework. It is an ongoing process requiring investments and embracing change as the new constant. Moreover, it needs dedication and a clear alignment of environmental sustainability goals with business objectives, culture and principles. It needs to be embedded across the organisation as a shared value at all levels, cultivating a common ground for all company stakeholders.



What projects are next for Piraeus?

The effort towards a green port is an ongoing process and despite the immense work already done towards this direction, new projects are in the pipeline. For example, CIPORTS which focuses on the preparation of the required studies for the electrification of the ships in the Port of Piraeus for cruise. These studies include technical studies of cold ironing installations for the berthed ships, environmental studies, a


What messages are you looking to deliver to the industry at the GreenPort Congress? Our main message will be that environmental protection, social and economic growth go hand in hand. Prioritising the environment ensures long-term success versus shortterm economic gains and it can create competitive advantage and deliver greater shareholder value. To make this happen, it needs structural reforms, investments, redefining of business models, strategy alignment, a clear roadmap and constant monitoring of performance based on specific key performance indicators, alongside close collaboration with all stakeholders, the port, policy makers, authorities, industry representatives and local communities.


Why is it so important in your opinion to attend the event? GreenPort Cruise & Congress is a must-attend event for everyone in the maritime ecosystem. With a strong speaker line-up, covering a wide range of topics the Congress is sure to facilitate connections and valuable knowledge transfer. The attendants will not only learn the latest developments and innovations in the ‘Eco Port’ space, but moreover, they will have the chance to meet in person with thought leaders and industry executives and learn best practices and how they can tackle relevant challenges. The role of seaports is central in ensuring resilience to climate change. GreenPort Cruise & Congress is the perfect platform for creating alignment and inspiration. Now more than ever action is required. 8 More information from


Green projects underway at Piraeus POSEIDON MED is the first Cross European Border project which aims to develop a sufficient LNG infrastructure network and bunkering value chain. It focuses on the eastern Mediterranean region with five Member States (Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Croatia and Slovenia) involved. PIXEL aims to enable a two-way collaboration of ports, multimodal transport agents and cities for optimal use of internal and external resources, sustainable economic growth and environmental impact mitigation, creating ‘Ports of the Future’.

GREEN C PORT aims at improving the environmental sustainability of ports and the performance of port operations in the TEN-T Core Network. The project addresses six business cases consisting of prototypes and pilot tests that are implemented in different European ports (Valencia, Venice, Piraeus, Wilhelmshaven and Bremerhaven) and that will serve as a basis to test innovative technologies such as IoT, big data or predictive analysis using artificial intelligence models. In the context of the European Green Deal, the EALING Motorways of the Sea Action

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contributes to the Global Project aiming to accelerate the transition to electrification and deployment of Onshore Power Supply (OPS) solutions by 2025 in at least 16 EU maritime ports belonging to three different sea basins: The Mediterranean, Atlantic and Black Sea.SUPER-LNG SUPER LNG is aimed at providing a uniform framework to support the implementation of technical systems for the distribution and supply of LNG in port areas, meeting the requirements of the Seveso Directive (Directive 2012/18/EU).

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Photo: Port of Kiel

Michele Witthaus talks to Port of Kiel managing director, Dr Dirk Claus, about the measures it is taking to ensure a sustainable future for cruise

As cruise traffic resumes following the interruptions caused by Covid-19, the Port of Kiel expects sea tourism in Northern Europe to go back to normal in the near future. For the port, this means a return to the buoyant call figures and growth rates of pre-pandemic times, with more than 200 cruise calls planned for next year. “When the current passenger capacity limits are lifted, more than 1 million cruise shipping passengers will board and debark cruise ships in Kiel,” says Dr Claus. Returning to normal cruise activity does not mean ‘business as usual’, however. The port is on a trajectory of significant investment to ensure that its longstanding commitment to sustainability forms a key part of the recovery. “The protection of our climate is a challenge of our time and the Port of Kiel is one of the most environment-friendly ports in Europe,” says Dr Claus. “As per our three-step-plan we will supply 60% of all our ferry and cruise ship calls with green shore power during their berthing times, thus reducing their emissions to zero. The second step will be that as of 2025 we will supply green shore power to 80 or 90% [of vessels]. The third step will then be that the Port of Kiel will become totally climate neutral by 2030.” This ambitious plan is backed up by actions on many other fronts, he says. “To reduce the emissions of CO2, we have been only consuming green power that stems from regenerative sources for the operation of all our terminal facilities for some

8 The port is on a trajectory of significant investment to ensure that its longstanding commitment to sustainability forms a key part of the recovery

time. We put great emphasis on electric mobility and are renewing our vehicle fleet in that sense successively. This applies to both cars and forklift trucks as well as tugmasters in future.” “In addition, we are also reducing our energy consumption of our port facilities and have equipped roofs of our warehouses as well as terminal gangways with photovoltaics where possible. This allows us to cover part of our power consumption by ourselves.”


The port is on a trajectory of significant investment to ensure that its longstanding commitment to sustainability forms a key part of the recovery Greener power Additional components of the port’s measures for climate protection include the shifting of incoming and outgoing freight traffic from road to rail, as well as offering shore power to ferry and cruise ships. The latter activity is helping the port to take a leading role in implementing this technology. Its new shore power solution, ShoreCONNECT, is already actively improving the environment and bringing significant changes to the way cruise operators can use the port. “The

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AUTUMN 2021 | 17

Sustainable power supply for eco-friendly ports Shore connection power supply system for ships: SIHARBOR

new shore power facility at the cruise terminal Ostseekai is one of the most powerful shore power facilities in Europe and it is able to supply one ferry at the nearby ferry terminal Schwedenkai at the same time as one cruise ship at Ostseekai with shore power produced in a climate-neutral way,” explains Dr Claus. “Since the beginning of this year, the ferries of Stena Line, the Stena Germanica and the Stena Scandinavica, that oscillate between Kiel and Gothenburg on a daily basis, are using green shore power every day. The first cruise ship that was connected to shore power was the AIDAsol of AIDA Cruises in mid-June. Since then, the Port of Kiel is also supplying other AIDA vessels with green shore power on a regular basis. Additional cruise shipping companies will follow suit next year.” The goal is to supply 60 to 80 cruise ship calls with green shore power in the first full year of operation, thus saving 45 tonnes of CO2 emissions per call. It is a ‘win-win’ situation for the port and the operators that use its facilities. “Alongside the benefits of using green shore power for the environment, the shipping companies have also got the advantage that they are no longer required to use expensive diesel fuel during berthing times,” says Dr Claus. “Ships that use green shore power are offered an environment rebate on the port dues as per the standard tariff, meaning that part of the costs for using shore power is compensated by this rebate. The use of shore power at the Port of Kiel thus is not only environmentally friendly but can also be economically beneficial as the pertinent EEG-levy has been reduced for shore power customers by 80%.”


The goal is to supply 60 to 80 cruise ship calls with green shore power in the first full year of operation, thus saving 45 tonnes of CO2 emissions per call

8 Terminal Ostseekai in Kiel

Photo: Tom Körber

He also points out that, as a port that consciously commits itself to protecting the environment, Kiel is receiving increasing attention and approval from travellers. Planning for another shore power facility, this time for the ferry and cruise shipping terminal at Ostuferhafen, has already started . Investing in tech In addition to its investment in shore power facilities, the Port of Kiel also continuously invests in the expansion of its cruise shipping terminals. “Four years ago, we started the operation of one of the most modern wastewater reception facilities for ship wastewater at Ostseekai,” says Dr Claus.

Photo: Port of Kiel


“The port reception facility set an example for other similar facilities and increases the reception capacity at these berths by tenfold, namely 300 m³ per hour. With the extension of the sewage reception capacity, the Port of Kiel contributes to the protection of the ocean and already fulfilled the regulatory legislation in that area for years even though the legislation has only come into binding effect this year.” In 2020, the construction of a new terminal building was completed and the terminal was taken into operation. “This meant that the passenger handling quality - not least under the Covid conditions - has again been drastically improved, mainly due to the fact that additional space for passenger handling was created,” says Dr Claus. Facilities to support the growing number of ships that use LNG are also being built. “To be able to accept LNG-powered ships as of next year, the Port of Kiel is currently cooperating with its partners and the local authorities to perform the required risk analyses. This enables us to perform the LNG-bunkering operations for cruise e ships either landside via truck orr seaside via bunker barge at Ostseekai. ekai.” The port is also undertaking ertaking longterm investment in sustainable transport facilities to and from the port, backed up by y convenient accommodation. “As an important port rt of departure and destination for cruise uise ships, we aim to increase the percentage of passengers arriving or departing via rail to start or end their cruise under the frame of sustainability,” tainability,” says Dr Claus. “Simultaneously, we e will also extend the comfortable le parking options for those guests arriving in Kiel with their eir own potentially already electric lectric car. Recently, hotel capacities apacities of the city of Kiel were doubled to offer more passengers engers a greater and additional al choice for a convenient stay in Kiel pre- or post-cruise.” 8 m

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8 Kiel is offering shore power to ferry and cruise ships

8 Dirk Claus, MD, Port of Kiel

AUTUMN 2021 | 19

Box clever Intelligent engineering for exceptional container handling.

Rubber tyre gantry cranes



Photo: Port of Tyne

Wind generated electricity is the key to being able to achieve decarbonisation writes Simon Brett, commercial director for port services at the Port of Tyne

The UK government has released ambitious targets for renewable electricity generation from wind farms. It wants a 25% increase in offshore wind power capacity, rising from the current 30GW to be generating 40GW by 2030. A significant increase, it is needed to satisfy the future energy gap due to industry’s requirement for clean energy for decarbonisation projects. Wind generated electricity is the key to being able to achieve these goals and scaling to this degree will require both new fixed and floating installations. The question is, can wind energy infrastructure providers rise to this challenge? Ideally placed The Port of Tyne believes it can and we are ideally placed to support any developments within the northern North Sea area spanning a 200-mile radius. In the short term, this includes designated farm sites at Hornsea and Dogger Bank, moving to Inchcape and Seagreen within the next five years, plus Marr Bank and Berwick Bank within the next decade. Just as the UK government wants to increase its clean electricity supply, so too do other governments elsewhere in the world. This international rush to expand will seriously compromise availability of the resources needed and sequencing projects adequately to satisfy this demand will be a challenge. It will be especially difficult because in tandem with the rush to install, is a drive to increase turbine capacity. Whereas before, wind turbines were designed to generate 6 or 8 GW, new extra-large turbines are being designed to generate up to 20GW. These new models require much bigger installation vessels and fewer ports can handle them. In the case of floating wind farms, a 20GW turbine also needs a floater that

8 Tyne Clean Energy Park (TCEP) at the Port of Tyne is set to become the North East’s most versatile clean energy park

is too big to be accommodated in most UK ports. All this will inevitably create challenges to be overcome. All stakeholders need to consider the implication of this desire for ever increasing turbine size - fixed or floating - and the impact this will have on the supply chain. It affects ports, tier one suppliers and all the plant and equipment vessels they operate. Larger turbines are attractive to economically generate the level of power needed, but they create inherent supply chain obstacles, since their size excludes so many ports from becoming suitable installation or manufacturing bases. Due to the Port of Tyne’s 13m draft and 65-70m beam, we can accommodate the vast majority of turbines.


Port of Tyne anticipates Tyne Clean Energy Park will play an important role in supporting the government’s goal to power every UK home with offshore wind electricity Huge potential A further complication in the UK exists because our government has set targets for 60% of UK content for wind turbines to be installed in UK waters. This is a sound policy, but it affects the supply chain because there will be increased demand for making components, for instance monopiles, turbines, blades, towers, cells and cable manufacturing. All this needs to be happening from port locations at roughly the same time that installations also need to be going ahead. It

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AUTUMN 2021 | 21


Photo: Port of Tyne

Photo: Port of Tyne

8 Port of Tyne has been rapidly transforming its own commercial operations to become a low-carbon industrial hub

means suitable waterside land needs to be made available and quickly. Having enough ports to operate from and enough Tier 1 installation companies with service capacity could be an issue. Additionally, when we have so many projects in the UK competing for Tier 1 supply contracts, or contractors competing in other parts of Europe for projects, it creates enormous market pressure. Increasing resource availability will be the key to controlling price fluctuations. At the Port of Tyne, our preparations to meet the increased demand for land are well underway. We started with the launch of Tyne Clean Energy Park in 2020, after identifying up to 200 acres of suitable land for the offshore renewables

sector. Our work to develop Tyne Dock Enterprise Park, which is being developed in tandem with building Equinor’s O&M base for Dogger Bank, has progressed well. Now works are commencing at Tyne Renewables Quay, with a new quayside facility that is especially suited to the manufacturing and assembly of offshore wind components due to become operational by late 2023. We believe we are playing our part on the Tyne to accelerate time to market for operators and provide access to much needed resources. There is a huge opportunity for the UK’s offshore wind industry to supply the UK with its clean energy for many years to come and with the right longterm support, the sector will fulfil its true potential. Port of Tyne has been rapidly transforming its own commercial operations to become a low-carbon industrial hub and has made a clear commitment to decarbonisation in its Tyne 2050 strategy. This outlines the port’s strategic vision to become an Enabler and Operator of clean energy powered maritime supply chain services, including being ‘Carbon Neutral by 2030’ and ‘All Electric by 2040’. By the end of 2021, just two years after launching Tyne 2050, the port will have cut its carbon emissions by a staggering 27% and achieved key net zero target milestones, including winning two Maritime UK awards in 2020. 8

8 The Port of Tyne is ideally placed to support any wind developments within the northern North Sea

Case study: Tyne Clean Energy Park A new, 200 acre Tyne Clean Energy Park (TCEP) at the Port of Tyne is set to become the North East’s most versatile clean energy park, providing a unique co-location opportunity for the renewables sector. It offers state of the art infrastructure and unrestricted, lock free access to berths with up to 13.0m of depth alongside - a deep sea haven for offshore wind operators and other renewables specialists that is open 24/7, 365 days a year, during all tide states. Tyne Clean Energy Park has already secured its first tenant, Dogger Bank Operational Base, which is a joint venture between Equinor and SSE. This early success is providing a catalyst for further land clearance to create additional space for more renewable energy tenants. By choosing Tyne Clean Energy Park as a

22 | AUTUMN 2021

commercial base, renewables businesses joining Equinor and SSE can co-locate every aspect of their supply chains - from manufacturing and assembly operations to installation and maintenance activities. The Port’s unique location on the River Tyne provides safe and efficient marine access to existing offshore wind farm sites, including Dogger Bank, Seagreen and Sofia, plus outstanding air, road and rail transport links to the rest of the UK and beyond. Once fully occupied, Port of Tyne anticipates Tyne Clean Energy Park will play an important role in supporting the government’s goal to power every UK home with offshore wind electricity. Tyneside is also renowned for its local pool of offshore energy industry professionals, who have highly transferable skills for the renewables sector.

The development will create thousands of new, better jobs across the region. The River Tyne is already home to an existing offshore cluster, with partner organisations including South Tyneside Marine College, A&P, Smulders Projects, Shepherd Offshore and TechnipFMC, contributing to a well-established offshore energy supply chain. This further increases Tyne Clean Energy Park’s suitability as a ‘blank canvas’ commercial base for renewables manufacturers, construction specialists, operators and servicing providers. Each of these stakeholders has a distinct supply chain relating to the different stages in the offshore wind farm lifecycle and require different levels of investment, from plant and infrastructure to labour resourcing - all this can be accommodated at the Tyne Clean Energy Park.

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Tuesday 19th October 2021 Welcome Reception – Athens Marriott Hotel, Athens, Greece

DAY ONE - Wednesday 20th October 2021 0800 Coffee and registration 08:30 Opening by Chairman/Moderator 08:35 Welcome Address by Port of Piraeus, Minister of Shipping and Mayor of Piraeus 09:15 Gold Sponsor Address - Cavotec

Keynote addresses 09:20 The green agenda of European ports Isabelle Ryckbost, Secretary General - European Sea Ports Organisation 09:35 Decarbonisation begins at berth: the roles and opportunities of ports and carriers Roger Strevens, VP, Global Sustainability - Wallenius Wilhelmsen 09:50 The cruise industry’s uptake of LNG and the future of it Linden Coppell, Director of Sustainability, MSC Cruises 10:05 Q&A with presenters and special guests 10:25 Coffee & Networking

Session 1 – Greening of Ports and Shipping including alternative fuel projects 10:55 Environmental sustainability in ports: strategies and practices at Piraeus Port Chrysanthi Kontogiorgi, Head of Environmental Sector, Port Security and Environmental Protection dpt, Piraeus Port Authority 11:10 The energy transition strategy of Port of Aveiro towards the European Green Deal Maria Manuel Cruz, Port of Aveiro Environmental Manager 11:25 Ammonia as an alternative fuel Mr Malte A. Siegert, Chairman - NABU 11:40 The role of ports in the hydrogen supply chain Lars Greiner, Associate Partner Responsible for MEA Region, HPC Hamburg Port Consulting GmbH 11:55 Q&A 12:15 Lunch & Networking

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For further information please call +44 1329 825335 or email Session 2 – Cruise Stream

Congress Stream

A sustainable future – developments in Green Cruise Terminal Projects

Sustainable development - local and global initiative for common advantage


Cruise Europe strategy for sustainable cruising- port reception facilities and new technologies Captain Michael McCarthy, chair of Cruise Europe


The environmental management of small ports – challenges and options Dr Georgios Palantzas, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki


Sustainable infrastructural and operational characteristics in Piraeus cruise terminal Nektarios Demenopoulos, Deputy Manager of PR, IR & Company Announcements Dpt., Piraeus Port Authority


We can change. Together. With SIHARBOR Knut Marquart, Global Head of Siharbor, Siemens


The road to net zero: local solutions to a global challenge Caroline Price, Green Ports Director - Royal Haskoning DHV



Recent advances in harmonizing marine seaport infrastructure with the environment Wiebe de Boer, Sr. Project Manager Ports & Coasts - Deltares The EU green deal and the Western Balkans Maritime Ports of the extended TEN-T Network – Challenged and opportunities Kristijan Lezaic, Desk officer for Waterborne Transport - Transport Community








Best environmental practices in port reception facilities Stelios Karampelas, Head of Port Reception Facilities - Antipollution The sustainable operations of the Horizon Cruise Terminal Sue Simmonite, Sustainable Development Manager, Associated British Ports Shore power for cruise terminals: state of the nations! ShorePower, Cavotec Q&A

Coffee & Networking

Session 3 – Cruise Stream What’s next for the cruise industry – taking a look at the latest in sustainable cruise ships & technological innovation

Congress Stream Policy & Environmental Workshop - ESPO


The environmental vision of MedCruise ports 15:35- Moderator: Ms Valeria Mangiarotti, Senior Vice President 16:55 Valter Selén, Senior Policy Advisor Sustainable and Director of Sustainability and Environmental Development, Cruise and Ferry Network, Issues - Medcruise EcoPorts Coordinator - ESPO


MSC Cruises’ Restart: Protocols, Sustainability and Proactivity Linden Coppell, Director of Sustainability, MSC Cruises



Workshop facilitators: Professor Vasilis Tselentis, University of Piraeus Professor Aristotelis Naniopoulos, Professor, Head of Transport Systems Research Group, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

Session 4 – POSEIDON-MED II and New Practices in LNG 16:55- The boost of LNG marine may be a key to enhance the sustainability of port areas, protecting health 17:40 of population and cultural heritage. The Poseidon MEDII Project aims to contribute to reducing negative impacts of heavy fuel oil powering and to facilitate the implementation of the requirements of a number of EU Directives regarding alternative fuels for a sustainable future in the shipping industry. This panel showcases relevant projects and other key new practices in LNG on how they are successfully implementing the use of LNG. Including panellists from Port of Piraeus, DEPA SA, DESFA, Hellenic Lloyd’s S.A. and Neptune Lines Shipping & Managing Enterprises S.A. 17:40 Conference Close CONFERENCE DINNER – Hosted by the Port of Piraeus

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DAY TWO - Thursday 21st October 2021 08:20 Coffee and registration 09:00 Opening by Chairman/Moderator

Keynote addresses 09:10 Ms. Lamia Kerdjoudj-Belkaid, Secretary General, Federation of European Private Port Companies and Terminals 09:25 IAPH/WPSP sustainability initiatives on the decarbonisation and digitalisation of ports Dr. Antonis Michail, Technical Director, World Ports Sustainability Program, IAPH 09:40 ESPO Environmental Report. Valter Selén, Senior Policy Advisor Sustainable Development, Cruise and Ferry Network, EcoPorts Coordinator - ESPO 09:55 Sustainable Finance Jackie Spiteri, Senior Manager ESG, Port of Newcastle 10:10 Q&A with Presenters 10:30 Coffee & Networking

09:10 Session 5 – Powering Ports - Energy efficiency improvements and on-shore power supply Moderator: George Franz Matzku, Head of Shore Power, Stemmann-Technik GmbH 10:50 Local renewable power generation and energy efficiency measures in smaller ports Mr. Alex Ruijs, Senior Consultant Electrical Power & Energy - Royal HaskoningDHV 11:00 Onshore power case studies in the Baltic sea area Mr. Klaus Kopelman, CEO - Shore-Link 11:10 OPS for container ships: Hamburgs first step toward Zero Emission at Berth Jochen Homann, Environmental Advisor - Hamburg Port Authority 11:20 On-shore Power Supply at Piraeus Port: Prospects and Challenges Christos Gerakarakis, Manager of Projects Dpt, Piraeus Port Authority 11:30 The implementation of OPS at Haropa Port M. Hervé GERAUD – OPS project manager at HAROPA PORT 11:40 Q&A Panel Session 12:10 Lunch & Networking

11:00 Session 6 – Port Equipment - Supporting the drive for improved sustainability & efficiency Moderator: Pat O’Leary, Head of Technology, PEMA - Port Equipment Manufacturers Association 13:30 The green transition: Towards fully electric operations Mette Kjems Baerentzen, Product Portfolio Manager – Kalmar

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For further information please call +44 1329 825335 or email 13:45 Supercharge emission reductions with the latest automated mooring technology MoorMaster™, Cavotec 14:30 Q&A Panel Discussion 14:50 Coffee & Networking

Session 7 The Green Deal – moving forward with green logistics

Digitalisation for improved port efficiency


How the establishment of standards in the 15:10 cargo handling industry will contribute to the objectives of the Green Deal. Mr Boris Wenzel, President of the Terminal Industry Committee 4.0


Port sustainability – formulating chaining strategies of good practices Dr. Sotirios Theofanis, Professor of Practice, City College; Member, BoD ThPA S.A.; Affiliated Faculty, Center for Advanced Infrastructure and Transportation (CAIT), Rutgers University. Prof. Maria Boile, Department of Maritime Studies, University of Piraeus; Head of Unit, Hellenic Institute of Transport (HIT), Center for Research and Technology Hellas (CERTH); Affiliated Faculty, Center for Advanced Infrastructure and Transportation (CAIT), Rutgers University.


Measuring emissions in the maritime logistics supply chain – moving from the GLEC framework to an ISO standard Nicolette Van der Jagt, Director-General, CLECAT


Holistic energy upgrading and performance optimisation for green ports Mr Lyridis Dimitris, Associate Professor, National Technical University of Athens, School of Naval Architecture & Marine Engineering



Digitalization tools and technologies to support environmental sustainability in ports: the GREEN C-PORTS and PIXEL projects Dimitris Spyrou, EU Projects Consultant, Strategic Planning & Marketing dpt, Piraeus Port Authority


Taking small and medium sized ports on board with digitalization Mr. Ville Mäkeläinen, Chief Business Development Officer, GISGRO


Sustainable electrification and digitalisation for greening small and medium-sized ports along the TEN-T corridorss Christopher MEYER, M.Sc - Wismar University of Applied Sciences: Technology, Business and Design


Realize sustainability through software Ruud Vossebeld, Director Business Development, Automotive Port Logistics, INFORM



16:30 Conference Wrap up by Conference Chairman/Moderator 16:40 Conference Close

DAY THREE - Friday 22nd October 2021 Port tour - 09:40-11:30 The Port of Piraeus is the largest port in Greece and one of Europe’s largest ports. Join us for a detailed tour of this historic port.

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Photo: Nexxiot

Innovative technology can help port processes run smoothly and keep users fully informed, writes Daniel MacGregor, co-founder of digital supply chain expert, Nexxiot

Ports are central to the global value chain, acting as hubs in which many critical cargo processes occur. It is therefore particularly important that all processes run smoothly and those involved remained fully informed. Innovative technology can help. The idea of GPS devices sending location data is not new. In fact, we are fairly comfortable with consumer monitoring solutions in our lives. We use smartphone maps every day. We monitor our cat in the garden, our luggage through the airport and our children on the way to school. Yet we don’t monitor every intermodal container or ISO tank as it makes its way around the planet. Why is that? Until just a few years ago, the only option for monitoring cargo was to buy a GPS device and do it yourself. This raises plenty of challenges. Which do I buy? How do I gather the data? Who provides connectivity? What are the technical standards and what certifications do I need? What about security? What can I do with the data once I have gathered it? How can I use it to make better decisions and put insights to work by improving processes? The questions go on. To make GPS and other sensing technology truly viable, a lot of technological and infrastructure requirements must be


As valuable goods and shipping containers set out to move across the horizon, operators and cargo owners put their faith in a whole range of barely known partners, processing centers and service providers 24 | AUTUMN 2021

8 Nexxiot helps customers get the most out of big data when it comes to container tracking

addressed. This has only been made possible by rapid technological progress in recent decades. Enter Internet of Things (IoT). In 2013, the university research lab at ETH Zurich, which would be the foundation of Nexxiot, was already asking these questions. IoT is the latest phase of the internet’s rapid evolution. As the internet first became useful in the ‘90s, the first wave of services was built around connecting people. e-mail services, web-based software applications, shared work repositories and e-commerce all began to take off. This step was essential in enabling a new way of living and working. Now smartphones have become powerfully connected, on-the-go tools. We need the physical world of objects to follow suit. Creating visibility IoT is the name we give to connecting valuable objects to the internet. This is done by fixing active devices which send sensor data in real-time to an intelligent IoT cloud platform for analytics and value creation. The raw data isn’t much use on its own. It must first be managed, cleaned and processed using powerful machine learning techniques and algorithms. In data science, it is often the case that the maximum value is uncovered in 0.01 percent of the massive incoming data. To create value for actors, participants and facilitators in the global supply chain, the data must be gathered securely, at the highest quality from zero-maintenance hardware, and then processed to create opportunities to control actions and automate processes. This is done to increase efficiency and enable new data-derived services to be delivered to stakeholders. Wherever they may be. Nexxiot, a Swiss IoT-pioneer, is unique in this emerging

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EFFICIENCY world of Big Data-driven supply chain services. With an integrated and comprehensive service suite, the company is leading the way in equipping non-powered assets around the globe and the number of data points being gathered. In fact, it is bringing in over one billion data points a month. How? The company uses gateway devices called Globehoppers, other sensors like temperature sensors, and its very own intelligent cloud platform. With low entry barriers around the business models, Nexxiot customers can start equipping their assets and putting the data to work from day one. The global supply chain requires trust. As valuable goods and shipping containers set out to move across the horizon, operators and cargo owners put their faith in a whole range of barely known partners, processing centers and service providers.


IoT and Big Data analytics are here. With partners like Nexxiot, the value can be extracted through continuous process improvement

Ports also rely on data around timing and locations to plan moves and ensure the right processes are in place for rapid vessel turnaround. Customs need data to make decisions on which containers to inspect. All these processes require the right data for rapid execution and resolution. Delay on any of these topics has significant knock-on effects. Sensors, hardware gateways, connectivity, analytics and business process automation are required to create significant improvements across the whole supply chain ecosystem. With recent global events including the rise of demand for E-commerce, blockages like the recent Suez incident and the ever-increasing demand of consumers, efficiency is more important than ever. With the current toolkit, we are simply not armed with the transparency, capabilities and resources to make a significant improvement to the current speed of processing. With sufficient context, the cause of a blockage can be clarified. A record of actions is stored in the cloud to become a single version of the truth. Those who perform best will be rewarded with outcome-based incentives. IoT and Big Data analytics are here. With partners like Nexxiot, the value can be extracted through continuous process improvement. This will benefit all stakeholders through the network, but it is ports that stand to gain significant improvements once the data is put to work. 8

From sufficient cleaning of tank containers to careful unloading of fragile goods and temperature monitoring of coffee beans, it all matters. So much can go wrong - and it often does. If someone drops a container and damages, say, the Samsung TVs inside, there is often no recourse. Fingerpointing begins and ends in lengthy court cases. But without data, there is often no resolution or accountability at all.

8 Daniel MacGregor, co-founder of Nexxiot

Reducing cargo emissions First prize in the annual Swisscom IoT Climate Awards in 2021 went to Nexxiot, a deep-tech company which focuses on monitoring cargo assets that do not have their own power, including railcars and intermodal containers. “By monitoring an assets location and usage, Nexxiot supports its clients both in their commercial objectives and their sustainability goals at the same time,” said Stefan Kalmund, CEO Nexxiot. “By increasing efficiency and reducing energy consumption and therefore CO2, it’s

possible to address big problems with our technology which we built to scale.” Greater transparency Nexxiot Founder, Daniel MacGregor created the ETHZ spinoff in 2015 to address inefficiencies in the global supply chain industry. Since then the company has worked towards creating greater transparency about locations and routes, significantly increasing the efficiency and capacity utilisation of trains. Nexxiot creates integrated data-driven

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Photo: Nexxiot

Innovation leads the way Until a container reaches its destination, many different players must deal with it. Along with the classic participants - the shipper, forwarder, carriers and shipowner - many other players are involved in the supply chain. Maintaining an overview is complex. Until today, many forms were filled out, printed, mailed, faxed, and filed. Ports rely on data around entry times, loading schedules and dangerous goods. In the process, speed is just as important as accuracy - features that the traditional approach lacks. There was a fire in the port of Dubai just a few weeks ago, probably caused by mis-declared cargo. Some cargo can self-heat from friction, dust, or exothermic chemical reactions. This kind of situation shows how a lack of transparency puts port workers at risk.

applications using its own IoT hardware devices, together with its own purpose-built intelligent cloud platform. These applications enable clients to reduce the number of empty assets and optimise routes and cargo services. The company’s goal is to enable a five percent reduction in global CO2 cargo emissions by increasing cargo transport efficiency and eliminating waste caused by empty runs and inefficient routes. Data from more than 2.5 billion travelled miles is stored in Nexxiot’s dedicated logistics cloud

AUTUMN 2021 | 25


20OCT Piraeus 22 2021 Greece

GREENPORT Cruise Congress



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Advancing the Green Deal Through Collaboration 1IEVR JVSQ XLI I\TIVXW HMWGYWWMRK XLI JSPPS[MRK XSTMGW • Sustainable development in Port Infrastructure • Latest in sustainable cruise ships & technological innovation • Greening of Ports and Shipping including alternative fuel projects • )MKMXEPMWEXMSR JSV MQTVSZIH TSVX IDzGMIRG] • The full programme can be found here:

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Meet and network with over 200 attendees representing port Meet and network with over 200 attendees representing port authorities, terminal authorities,and terminal operators operators shipping lines.and shipping lines. For more attending, sponsoring or or speaking For moreinformation informationon on attending, sponsoring speakingthe contact theteam events team contact events Visit: visit: Contact: +441329 1329 825335 contact: +44 825335 Or or email: #GPCongress

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Photo: DPA

Damietta Ports Authority (DPA) has announced a new US$78.9 million contract for the deepening and development of the port’s sea lane, writes Shem Oirere

The project is part of the incomplete five-year development plan for the port which was initially dueto end in 2017. DPA awarded UAE-based National Marine Dredging Company (NMDC) a 17-month contract that entails dredging of the sea lane, port basins and circulation basin of the Damietta Port. Bigger ships This new contract to NMDC marks the second phase of the Damietta Port deepening programme that could push its draft to 18 metres with capacity to accommodate even bigger cargo vessels. For example, the port was previously able to accommodate the first huge container vessel, the 2006-built and France flagged CMA RIGOLITTO that required a draft of 14.5 metres and length of 350 metres after the first phase of Damietta port’s expansion. The most recent completed deepening works was in February 2016 that pushed the port’s draft to 16 metres, with safe navigational depth at 14.5 metres and turning basin depth of 15 metres. Although technical details on the dredging are yet to be confirmed, it is expected the dredged material will be used for soil improvement and design works at the port that is located on the Egyptian Mediterranean coast, about 9km from Damietta city. This new endeavour to modernise Damietta port is in response to the increasing export cargo especially agricultural products, fertilizers and furniture, and also import cargo such as petrochemicals, cement, grains and flour. Greater efficiency Damietta port’s potential cargo demand is estimated at 4.5 million teu, which once achieved, would make the gateway one of the largest transshipment hubs along the Mediterranean

8 Damietta Port is expanding keeping sustainability in mind

and the only one capable of handling the new generation of large containerships according to a previous report by the African Development Bank. Furthermore, deepening and development of Damietta port’s sea lane is expected to improve port efficiency, hence reduce vessels’ turnaround time in port and support increase ships’ energy efficiency. In 2019, DPA announced the completion of a new multipurpose terminal at Damietta Port under the supervision of Egypt’s Armed Forces Engineering Authority. The terminal is 630 metres long with a 17 metres deep berth supported by a backyard area of 50,000m² enabling DPA to handle more than four million tonnes of cargo annually. Land reclamation The latest DPA contract award to NMDC, which was announced in August 2015 by the company NMDC chief executive officer Mr Yasser Nassr Zaghloul, is the second one in Egypt for the UAE listed marine contractor after the 2020 award of the US$163.36 million contract for the expansion of Lake Manzala in northeastern of the North Africa country. Dredging of the Lake Manzala would among other achievements, remove contaminated sediments from the lake, improve water quality and restore the health of the lake’s aquatic ecosystem. NMDC is undertaking the lake’s dredging with Al-Tahadi Egyptian-Emirati Co. with a completion date of 2023 raising the prospects to mitigating the adverse changes to the lake, one of the largest on the Nile Delta. According to NMDC the changes observed at the lake “occurred due to regulation of freshwater inflows, land reclamation and increasing loads of Biochemical Oxygen Demand and nutrients that are particularly associated with polluted drains flowing into the lake.”

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AUTUMN 2021 | 27


SUPPORTING MENTAL HEALTH Ports Australia has joined a movement aiming to promote the mental health and wellbeing of transport and logistics workers, says Dave MacIntyre

8 Port workers are under greater stress in the pandemic shipping environment

This is in recognition of the extra stresses that the Covid-19 pandemic has placed on port workers. The Healthy Heads in Trucks & Sheds Foundation is a registered not-for-profit charitable organisation which exists to promote prevention and understanding of mental health issues that exist across the logistics industries in Australia. Its overarching aim to build a psychologically-safe, healthy and thriving working environment for these workers. Mental wellbeing The HHTS website offers a range of tools, information, resources and training material that has been tailored to the needs of workers. Part of this initiative has been the creation of Australia’s first unified National Mental Health and Wellbeing Roadmap, which provides a plan for improving mental wellbeing for workers. The HHTS Learning Hub also provides a wealth of information relating to worker wellbeing with links to resources to assist across multiple areas. HHTS has collaborated with Lifeline Australia to offer an evidence- and practice-informed mental health awareness course with industry-specific components that defines and explains current concepts and thinking around staying mentally healthy, and factors that support wellness. Mental health of staff was a significant issue for the Australian logistics and ports industries before Covid-19, but the pandemic has challenged the sector to prioritise it given the unpredictability of working conditions and the potentially increased isolation workers face. Risk factors such as long hours, pressure to meet delivery schedules and the need for continual alertness while operating heavy machinery all contribute to making those in the sector extremely vulnerable to mental health stress. Healthy Heads’ research shows that between 2008 and 2014, truck drivers had the highest number of suicides of any profession. This is reflected in other logistics industries, where the impact of mental health and poor individual wellbeing has significant impact not only at the individual level for those

affected, but also company and economy-wide, with billions of dollars lost due to lowered productivity and associated medical costs. In the ports industry, many new initiatives have emerged in the way staff interact with each other, some introducing new workplace social media platforms, and some holding virtual luncheons where food is sent to workers’ remote locations. Ports Australia, which represents port authorities and corporations, both publicly and privately owned, has strongly recommended that workers use the resources provided by Healthy Heads. Safeguarding welfare A Ports Australia spokesperson said the organisation recognises that working in the ports industry and other supply chain roles carries a great deal of responsibility because of the essential service workers are providing around the clock “That responsibility mixed with working conditions which often require long hours of isolation and pressure to meet deadlines means port workers are vulnerable to mental health issues. “The Covid-19 pandemic has had further impacts on how workers go about their jobs, sometimes heightening the challenges mentioned previously and calling for workers to make greater sacrifices in their lives. “Ports have had to be vigilant in monitoring the welfare of their staff, many implementing innovative ways of uniting a physically-distanced workforce. “Enhancing staff mental health support services, introducing virtual platforms for connecting the workforce, and giving care in various ways to seafarers visiting ports are just some examples of the ways ports have ensured the wellbeing of supply chain workers is prioritised during challenging times.” 8 The Healthy Heads eLearning course can be accessed at lifeline-online-course/

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AUTUMN 2021 | 29



Photo: Redshaw Advisors

The latest EU carbon reforms are tricky to navigate, but there are people out there to help voluntarily, advises Heidy Rehman, head of environmental markets research, Redshaw Advisors

On 14 July, the European Commission published the EU Green Deal’s Fit for 55 plan — a series of carbon market reform proposals to enable it to meet its target to reduce the bloc’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 55% by 2030, from 1990 levels. According to EU official data, while shipping accounts for only around 3.5% of the EU’s emissions, the sector is one of the fastest growing sources of emissions that contribute to climate change. The sector has thus been incorporated into the EU’s new climate plans and there are four aspects that affect it directly. Verifying emissions The first part of this is to incorporate it into the EU’s existing Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) with a phasing in period from 2023-25 and full compliance from 2026. The EU ETS will apply to emissions from passenger and cargo ships (at over 5,000 tonnage) and will cover 100% of emissions from intra-EU voyages, 50% from extra-EU voyages and 100% of emissions at berth at an EU port. Shipping companies will be required to surrender EU Allowances equivalent to verified emissions with phasing in set at 20% of emissions in 2023, 45% in 2024, 70% in 2025 and 100% from 2026. Each allowance represents one tonne of CO2 equivalent where prices are currently trading above €60 per tonne. Non-compliance would risk penalties, such as EU port entry denial. Unlike EU industry, that receives a free allocation of allowances, shipping will receive none.


Aside from the Fit for 55 legislative package, the shipping industry is facing pressure from various stakeholders to act on its carbon footprint faster 30 | AUTUMN 2021

8 The shipping industry is facing pressure from various stakeholders to act on its carbon footprint faster

The maritime sector already reports verified emissions as part of EU maritime transport regulations, via the EU MRV (monitoring, reporting and verification), for which the deadline is 30 April each year. The earlier 31 March deadline for compliance with the EU ETS verified emissions rules would need to be adopted. An area to be clarified for the sector is where compliance will rest throughout the shipping supply chain along with the responsibility for additional emissions costs. One thing is certain, the new carbon costs will result in higher prices for the consumer. Further, there is the risk to trading patterns. In order to avoid carbon costs and regulatory oversight, shipping companies may choose to opt for ports close to but not within the EEA. For example, this could increase UK port activity (subject to its Clean Maritime Plan). Energy and fuels The European Commission also has plans to update its Energy Tax Directive (ETD). This proposal intends to remove marine (and aviation) tax fuel exemptions by 2023. At present, fuels sold to ships for international use are duty exempt. Fuels sold for domestic use are subject to duties set by individual countries. The International Bunker Industry Association (IBIA) estimates that the resulting tax on HFO (Heavy Fuel Oil) would result in additional costs of US$45 per tonne. The IBIA warns that this would place EEA ports at a competitive disadvantage and may result in a transitioning of bunker fuel demand away from the region. A new policy proposed with the Fit for 55 plans is the FuelEU Maritime initiative. This aims to broaden market penetration of renewable and low-carbon fuels (RLFs) for shipping. According to the proposal, the carbon intensity of a ship’s on-board energy needs to be reduced by 2% by 2025, 6% by 2030 and increments every five years thereafter to reach 75% by 2050, all versus 2005 levels.

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Photo: Redshaw Advisors


Separately, renewable and low carbon fuels should represent 6-9% of maritime fuel mix by 2030 and 86-88% by 2050. For the latter, the marine industry would need to establish, with proof and certification, the full well-to-wake Greenhouse Gas (GHG) lifecycle emissions of alternative non-fossil fuels. For fuel users, the shipping companies, this would seem to require an extension to existing emissions reporting requirements. For fuel suppliers who wish to supply alternative fuels, the regulation would require documented well-to-tank GHG emission factors on each respective bunker delivery note (BDN) as well as CO2 equivalents per gram of fuel. A separate certificate would also be required to detail the fuel production pathway. The industry argues that such reporting adds to complexity, not least because new fuel adoption will incorporate blends, but also costs. Concerns have also been raised in relation to responsibility. The FuelEU Maritime initiative places the onus of complying with the policy and sourcing alternative fuels on the shipping companies rather than the fuel suppliers. This suggests that the former needs to create the demand for the supply to subsequently emerge. The fourth aspect to Fit for 55 for shipping relates to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (AFID). During its consultations the European Commission concluded that investments in alternative fuels infrastructure for LNG bunkering and onshore power supply (OPS) in ports had been limited in most EU Member States.

8 The IMO has set out ambitions to reduce annual GHG emissions from shipping by at least half by 2050

The AFID sets requirements for adequate LNG bunkering infrastructure by 2025 and for minimum electric shoreside power by 2030. The main question for the industry is whether the necessary infrastructure will be in place on time and the implications for any delays. Industry guidance It is worth noting that the EU’s new proposals are more stringent than those of the International Maritime Organization (IMO). The IMO is the division of the United Nations (UN) that regulates shipping. In 1973, the IMO adopted the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) which sets out mandatory measures to improve ships’ energy efficiency. The IMO has set out ambitions to reduce annual GHG emissions from shipping by at least half by 2050, compared with 2008 levels. It also plans a full phase-out of GHG emissions from shipping as soon as possible this century and to reduce the carbon intensity of international shipping. It targets at least 40% by 2030 and 70% by 2050, compared with 2008 levels. Aside from the Fit for 55 legislative package, the shipping industry is facing pressure from various stakeholders to act on its carbon footprint faster. There is a growing trend of cargoes being made ‘carbon neutral’ through the use of carbon offsets available in the Voluntary Carbon Market (VCM). There have been a number of widely publicised carbon neutral cargoes. For example, Shell announced the first ever carbon neutral LNG cargo to Europe in March. Unfortunately, the VCM can be very confusing as it is currently unregulated.

Award-winning team The award-winning team at Redshaw Advisors has established decades of compliance and voluntary carbon market expertise. Understanding the complexities of the markets and offering convenient, simple and transparent solutions is the cornerstone of what we do. Our client base extends across a broad range of sectors and geographies and so we

ensure we are always fully informed of developments as they evolve and prepared to anticipate any changes that may arise. As well as keeping our clients regularly briefed on market and pricing progress, as part of our Carbon Support Programme (CSP), we also construct quarterly plans to provide a clear overview of environmental markets exposure and how to position

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accordingly. Dedicated advisors are on hand to explain and guide throughout. Our CSP has saved numerous clients not just time but also money. One such example is a client who saved €2m by following the advice we offered. Knowing the market as we do, we feel confident that those in the shipping sector can rely on us. 8

AUTUMN 2021 | 31

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FIGHTING POVERTY Times of crisis provide space for self-reflection. When the machine is running as it is supposed to, it is easy to overlook the strain on its individual parts, writes Zahid Torres-Rahman, co-founder of Business Fights Poverty

Fair focus GreenPort readers will be familiar with the Scottish government’s bid to build the sustainable Forth Ports, rewarding those who foster fair practices. This is encouraging. But the challenge will be to develop responsibly, consulting with local working communities to ensure a ‘just transition’ to a greener future. As crisis invites reform, we must ensure that we don’t drown out the voices of the forgotten.


As the climate crisis evolves, ports will have a new responsibility to protect those they serve. Done well, staff will be able to benefit from the rich, ongoing progress of a vibrant industry Those introducing sustainable technology to their ports must ensure that appropriate workforces have fair opportunity to retrain and redeploy, embracing the diversity of the workforce: access to reskilling, finances, time to study, and so on. As green ports digitise or make remote administrative roles, many worry that automation will cause mass unemployment in some communities.

Photo: Business Fights Poverty

Take Covid, which has highlighted the gap between rich and poor. Readers will recall that the countries without historical investment in infrastructure struggled to keep their schools and businesses afloat through the switch to digital. But from a crisis comes the opportunity to learn and grow. Leaders now are beginning to roll out their plans to rebuild better, laying down infrastructure and policy that meets the needs of society’s most vulnerable and avoids making existing inequalities worse. For sustainable businesses, this is no different. The looming challenges of the environment can be looked at through the lens of climate justice. This means considering the challenges of society’s most vulnerable as we upgrade and decarbonise the way we work. Fortunately, there is time for the port industry to modernise and adapt to climate change while ensuring nobody is left behind. As it stands, the growing impact of climate change on ports and coastal areas will affect some more than others. As droughts prompt mass migration in western Africa, African Americans will also bear the brunt of flooding, sea-level rises and storms in coastal regions. Overlooked communities around the world stand to suffer the most from poor planning and infrastructure. Likewise, with one third of the world’s ports set in areas prone to tropical storms, it will increasingly be operators and crew who struggle to adapt to rising temperatures, heat stress and pollution. Businesses here must step up to redress the needs and fears of staff expected to perform under changing conditions.

Decision makers will also have to keep pace with a changing climate that puts the most strain on the front line. Partnerships and dialogue will be key to helping up - and not pushing down - operators and local businesses most at risk. It has been exciting to read about the different ways ports are pushing to improve the sustainability of their business. Evidently, the range of innovation means that there is no onesize-fits-all solution to the challenges that change creates. But as the climate crisis evolves, ports will have a new responsibility to protect those they serve. Done well, staff will be able to benefit from the rich, ongoing progress of a vibrant industry. Done poorly, businesses stand to suffer huge reputational damage for the neglect of their overlooked communities. If we can learn anything from the PR wins and losses of the last year-and-a-half, it is that sincerity is at the heart of a good response to a crisis. As leaders set the terms for a new ‘best practice’, there is value in learning from industry partners and rivals. There is also value in consulting with staff and admitting when we get it wrong. And lastly, there is value in taking a step back and remembering all the parts that make the whole work. Business Fights Poverty is a business-led collaboration network focused on social impact. 8

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8 Zahid TorresRahman, cofounder of Business Fights Poverty

AUTUMN 2021 | 33








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CREATING GREEN ENERGY HUBS The EU Commission has published a whole series of proposals for Europe to reach a 55% emission reduction by 2030, writes Isabelle Ryckbost

8 Isabelle Ryckbost, secretary general, ESPO

These proposals are an intermediate goal to achieve the big Green Deal ambition for Europe to become the first netzero emission continent in 2050. Whereas this whole package of measures foresees rules to push ports and their stakeholders, in particular the shipping sector, to make the green transition by shifting to renewable clean energies and technologies for their operations, the Green Deal ambition and its Fit for 55 action plan mean a lot more for ports. The whole greening and climate agenda of Europe is an opportunity for ports to become green energy hubs at the service of Europe’s economy and society. By seizing this opportunity, ports will be able to grow and decarbonise at the same time. But engaging in this or - since many are already working in that direction - further developing this role will imply a whole rethinking of the port ecosystem. Energy potential Ports are crucial in the supply of traditional sources of energy, but will play an equally critical role in the production, storage, import and export of new energy sources. The promising hydrogen is in that respect a perfect example. Some ports will produce it, some will export it, some will become import hubs. Moreover, as unique landing points for the blue economy, ports will be essential for the offshore wind industry in all its facets: Supply of spare parts, reconversion, storage, maintenance, decommissioning to name a few. Finally, as places where many different industries come together and as located in or near urban agglomerations, ports can be ideal locations for the circular economy. But port managing bodies will have to prepare for this role and adapt their strategies. Whereas ports have been developing towards becoming


Ports are crucial in the supply of traditional sources of energy, but will play an equally critical role in the production, storage, import and export of new energy sources landlords when it comes to the traditional logistic operations, we see that ports might be taking up a more active role when it comes to energy activities: Some (co)invest and some even see an operational role when it comes to the energy business in the port. Ports aiming at evolving towards becoming an energy hub will need to rethink their spatial planning and their hinterland connections. New energies and green technologies have different needs in terms of space and infrastructure than fossil energies required. Moreover, renewables and green technologies will come with different supply chain needs. The phasing out of coal might for instance negatively impact the modal shift to rail and inland waterway transport, often used for this commodity. Furthermore, port managing bodies will have to engage and cooperate with a whole new set of counterparts, on top - or instead of - the traditional logistic stakeholders: Energy suppliers and infrastructure managers will become new but natural partners of ports. Finally, ports will also see a change in their human resources needs. Ports will have to attract new skills and expertise in the field of energy. Ports in Europe are discovering this potential, but will need the recognition and support from policy makers to succeed.

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AUTUMN 2021 | 35


THE CLEVER PORT ACTIVITY APP By sharing real-time information two Scandinavian ports are increasing efficiency, saving time and protecting the environment, writes Ulf Siwe, STM EfficientFlow, Sweidish Maritime Administration

Just in time One innovative way of using the shared information on ship arrival times happened happened at the Port of Gävle, which had a diving company doing major work in the harbour area. The dive company set the new Port Activity App to send automatic notifications 30 minutes before a ship arrival, which gave them plenty of time to get divers out of the water before having ships maneuvering nearby. So the solution that was designed to improve efficiency suddenly become a safety device as well. Without the app, there would sometimes be more of a scrambling effort to get the divers out of the water when a ship suddenly appeared in sight.


Measuring the difference between estimated and actual timestamps will identify areas for further improvements The outcome of the port part of the project is already being offered to all Finnish commercial ports through a solution provided by FinTraffic. FinTraffic will provide the base solution through a Software-as-a-Service solution over the web and each participating port will finance the adjustments necessary for their processes, system interfaces and users. “Having more ports participating will help the software develop quicker. We believe that the base solution will have more functionality as different port have different requirements, but all ports can benefit from these new developments. We will see a number of ports start using the Port Activity App during 2021, and almost all commercial ports in Finland will have it by the end of 2022,” says Olli Soininen, Program Manager, FinTraffic. Meanwhile, pilots and VTS in the archipelagoes between Sweden and Finland have tried a solution that gives a much earlier heads-up for meetings in the narrow fairways. Pilots can adjust speed sooner and optimise the meeting points, choosing places where the fairway is relatively wide. Project participants are now discussing how to move the solution

36 | AUTUMN 2021

Photo: SMA

By sharing real-time information on key timestamps using an innovative app, port actors in Finnish Port of Rauma and Swedish Port of Gävle have created a more efficient flow of port calls. Resources are better used, time is saved and the environmental effects are positive. The STM EfficientFlow project which has created the Port Activity App has been about one aim from the outset implementing solutions and then using them in real life. Operational since November 2020, the Port of Gävle is using the app as a basis for a Just-in-Time project for tankers, and in Finland, the solution is being rolled out to more ports through a Software as a Service solution from FinTraffic. “The app has reduced a lot of stress - I don’t have to make all those phone calls I used to!”, says John Söderström, operational manager, Yilport Container Terminal, Gävle. “It gives all actors a common view of the port call: what will start and finish when,” Linda Astner, sustainability manager, Port of Gävle, adds.

into standard operations and analyse in which other areas in Sweden we should use it.” “As a pilot, I enter information in our pilotage system. The data is then transferred to the Port Activity App. Every minute,” says Klaus Kauko, Pilot, Finnpilot Rauma Information from relevant systems are collected and there is a web interface to enter data previously only handled manually. The information is compiled and then displayed in a web application, in an app and exported to relevant systems. You can chose to integrate the information, for example the terminal operator can continue working in their Terminal Management System. However, many actors were previously missing out on this info and for them the Port Activity App is a new useful tool.

8 Information from relevant systems are collected and there is a web interface to enter data previously only handled manually

Multitude of benefits The tug company Alfons Håkans operates in Port of Rauma and in nearby ports. The common planning and the more reliable arrival and departure times via the app helps the tugs to be in Rauma when they are needed without spending unnecessary idle time in port due to uncertainties and misinformation. For Linesmen, the planning is made much easier through the app. Uncertainties have been reduced and the administration around the work, which required loads of phone calls, has all but disappeared. Every time you start sharing data, actors will find new uses for it. The innovators of the technology cannot foresee all of these uses. Aside fro the safety benefit, another example is the many uses of AIS information. There can also be an unexpected cash flow improvement: The invoicing system of a container shipping company will send invoices at arrival and departure of their ships. Unbelievably, they have a hard time to capture the accurate actual time of arrival (ATA) and departure (ATD). By capturing this information in a standardised format from the Port Activity App or other similar solutions, they will be able to

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Going forward The port part of the project finished in November. There have been developments since. At the Port of Gävle an initiative to improve the service to ships in the liquid bulker terminal is on its way. The goal is to replace the old “first come first serve” business process with a slot time system, which encourages Just-In-Time-arrivals. “Implementing a new business process also requires modifications to local rules and regulations,” says Linda Astner. Port of Gävle. “For Terntank it is the possibility to slow down and arrive just-in-time, meaning direct fuel savings. This has a positive impact on our profitability and it also matches our goal of reducing our emissions and environmental footprint,” says Claes Möller, CEO Tärntank Ship Management. The ports have started the work using just a few key timestamps. Measuring the difference between estimated and actual timestamps will identify areas for further improvements. To help such improvements the ports could start estimating and reporting other timestamps also impacting the flow of the port call process The terminal operator in Gävle mentions that re-planning is easier when fewer items are involved. Thus it is easier to re-plan when one container on a lorry is late, but it is a much tougher to re-plan if a ship is delayed. Thus, the next goods carrier to be estimated and measured might be the freight trains arriving and departing the port. They bring medium effort to re-planning. On a global level, there is a big call for just-in-time arrivals. The IMO has published a Just-in-Time Arrival Guide, and believe that Green House Gas emissions can be greatly reduced. Port of Gävle is a good example of how the information exchange enables processes to change, and we believe that many more ports using the Port Activity App will follow suit and implement just-in-time procedures. The Port Activity App is a success. However, many

8 At the Port of Gävle an initiative to improve the service to ships in the liquid bulker terminal is on its way


It is important to use global standards for the data exchange and the communication between actors. A ship sailing to many ports should be able to communicate to all port solutions the same way Photo: SMA

send invoices days earlier in many cases and thus improve their cash flow. All ports are constantly trying to shorten the turnaround time. New technology is deployed to quicken unloading and loading times. When analysing the port call one thing that stands out is the waiting time between different activities of the port call. If waiting times can be reduced and some activities could happen more in parallel, the turnaround time can be shortened. In many ports, the coordination is still happening manually with some digital tools supporting the process. This was the case in the ports of Gävle and Rauma as well. They teamed up with the Swedish Maritime Administration (SMA), FinTraffic, and the Satakunta University of Applied Sciences (SAMK) and received project funding from Interreg Central Baltic programme of the European Union. Two requirements made the development differ from what many other ports have built. The solution must be built on standardised information formats and the solution should be available for other ports in the Central Baltic region. The standard for port call timestamps is being developed as you read, the app uses a draft version developed in another EU project, and will adapt to the new standards when it is ready. For communication with arriving ships, the established RTZ-standard is used. The solution procured was required to be open source. That means that the software behind the solution is available for all ports in the world to use and develop their own Port Activity Apps. After a public procurement, the contract to develop the solution was awarded to Finnish software house Unikie.

competing solutions also bring the same benefits. To make it easy on all maritime actors it is important to use global standards for the data exchange and the communication between actors. A ship sailing to many ports, should be able to communicate to all port solutions the same way. Start with a KISS - Keep It Simple Stupid. Do not overreach from the start. There are hundreds of timestamps that can be estimated and reported in a port call. However, we focused on the ship’s arrival and departure time and the cargo operations start and completion times. Involve the users early. We had continuous meetings with local user boards, which help us in selecting g which timestamps to focus, which information tion to show and many of the functions needed. ed. They were key to the much-appreciated design esign of the app, which makes it easy to use e and accepted by almost all from Day 1. To make your solution future proof,f, use the relevant industry standards available ailable and make sure that your system design ign caters for updated standards. 8 Learn more about The Port Activity ty App from this 3-minute video

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8 Ulf Siwe, SMT EfficientFlow, SMA

AUTUMN 2021 | 37


Blue ammonia demand

EU demand for blue ammonia transportation and distribution could be met by a new initiative. Horisont Energi and the Port of Rotterdam have signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) regarding setting up a corridor for transport of blue ammonia from Norway to Rotterdam. “We’re excited to be working with the Port of Rotterdam to provide Europe with clean hydrogen and ammonia, while at the same time opening up a new and sustainable production region in the Barents Sea area for clean ammonia,” said Bjørgulf Haukelidsæter Eidesen, CEO of Horisont Energi.

Hydrogen ambitions

A planned hydrogen production facility will support a US port’s carbon neutral ambitions. The Port of Corpus Christi Authority and Howard Midstream Energy Partners, LLC have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to convert Howard’s Javelina refinery services facility in the Port of Corpus Christi into the region’s first carbon-neutral hydrogen production facility. “To the extent that our identity as the leading export gateway for U.S. produced hydrocarbons has been solidified, we see an elegant symmetry in the prospect of becoming the nation’s premier hub for carbon management,” said Jeff Pollack, chief strategy and sustainability officer for the Port of Corpus Christi. Howard’s Javelina facility is strategically positioned in the Port of Corpus Christi with pipeline connectivity to all six of the local refineries.

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Photo: International Energy Agency


Carbon capture and storage (CSS) could extend the timeline for LNG use in the maritime sector. LNG is widely seen as a stepping stone to zero-emission port and shipping operations, but new research has found the use of carbon capture and storage (CCS) could have a material impact on LNG projects’ carbon emissions, meaning it could have more scope for longer term use. “Depending on the strategy adopted, more than 25% of overall carbon emissions could be removed,” said research and consultancy business, Wood Mackenzie. Daniel Toleman, senior analyst at Wood Mackenzie, explained: “The main options for reducing LNG emissions include CCS, carbon offsets, methane leakage reduction, electrification, and the use of renewables and batteries. CCS can have a material impact on reducing emissions of LNG projects. Depending on the CCS strategy adopted, we estimate that more than 25% of carbon emissions can be removed.” He added: “The good news is that LNG players are well placed to lead the CCS charge, with strong balance sheets, operational capability and reservoir expertise. There are also economic incentives for pursuing CCS as reducing emissions

mitigates against a carbon tax, helps future-proof the asset and can offer pricing upside.”

8 Carbon capture and storage can cut significantly cut emissions from LNG, according to Wood Mackenzie

Deploying CCS There are two main approaches to deploying CCS at LNG projects: capturing CO2 from the reservoir and capturing postcombustion CO2. Approach one involves capturing reservoir CO2. There are significant cost advantages to this approach versus postcombustion capture. Irrespective of whether reservoir CO2 is sequestered or vented, all LNG projects must remove CO2 from the feedgas stream before liquefaction to prevent the CO2 from freezing and blocking

processes. As such, the acid gas removal unit (AGRU) used to capture CO2 does not incur additional costs. Reservoir CCS can reduce the overall intensity of LNG projects by 25%, and in some cases up to 50%. In contrast, the second approach, post-combustion CCS, involves capturing CO2 from the LNG flue gas stream. Postcombustion CCS is more expensive compared to reservoir CCS. However, there are cost benefits of adding post-combustion CCS to a new-build LNG facility, due to design and location synergies.

DEVELOPING GREEN METHANOL A renewable power to green methanol plant is to be developed at a Scottish port. Global Energy Group (GEG) and Swiss energy company Proman will develop the green methanol plant at the Nigg Oil Terminal, an extension to the GEG-owned and operated Port of Nigg in the Scottish Highlands. The plant will utilise local sources of captured carbon dioxide. Clean shipping Tim Cornelius, CEO of Global Energy Group, commented: “We are delighted to be joining forces with Proman on this potentially seminal project for Scotland. Green methanol can be made from many plentiful sources and with the efforts being made to capture North Sea carbon dioxide, we hope to become an

important customer and consumer of projects such as the Acorn Project to produce clean fuels for the wider maritime transport sector. “Onshore and offshore wind is one of the world’s fastest growing sources of energy, however, wind power must be dispatched as soon as it is produced, even if there is not enough demand for electricity. When this happens, operators have little choice but to disconnect the renewable source from the grid, leading to wasted energy and costs for governments and operators. “This plant will have the capability of harnessing excess power to produce green methanol, which can then be used as an automotive or shipping fuel or as a chemical

building block in thousands of everyday products.“ Cromarty Clean Fuels Project The development of the plant will be known as the ‘Cromarty Clean Fuels Project’. The project team is now assessing the commercial, technical and financial viability of a production and export facility with the ability to store onshore at Nigg and load methanol to be exported on bulk carrier vessels using the repurposed Nigg Jetty. The feasibility study is investigating how project feasibility changes with scale, to determine optimal scale for the project. Proman, the second largest methanol producer in the world, is due to become the owner, operator and off taker of the facility.

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