Page 1

Saving Western civilization one student at a time ...

Spring 2012

Memoria Press


letter from the

Editor by Martin Cothran

he Old Testament

is replete with examples of God’s people conquering their enemies. They never fled, except as a ruse. When we discuss the issue of how Christians should deal with the writings of the pagans, that is an important thing to remember. Culturally speaking, Christianity conquered Greece and Rome. And when you conquer something, you can do two things with the spoils of your conquest: destroy them or use them. When God commanded the Israelites to take a city, he sometimes commanded them not to take the spoils for themselves, but to destroy everything. More often, however, they took the spoils of their enemies and used them for themselves. It is instructive to note what the Church, in fact, did. It did not destroy the classical civilization that it superceded. Instead, it took the cultural spoils and used them for itself. A small handful of early fathers, such as Tertullian, asked what Athens had to do with Jerusalem, and some of these gave no definitive answer to the question. But as early as the second and third centuries, fathers like Clement and Origin argued that the works of the Greeks and the Romans did have something to do with Jerusalem and should not be categorically rejected, but instead used for the glory of God. Not all of the learning of the ancients could be used in this way, of course. When the Israelites took of the spoils of their enemies, they presumably took those things that they could legitimately use, destroying those things (like their idols) that were an abomination. And as the Roman Empire was crumbling, it was a man who was himself one of the greatest beneficiaries of classical culture and learning who became its greatest champion, a man who later would be called a saint. St. Augustine, considered by many to be the greatest thinker of the first 1,000 years of the Church, spoke of the learning of the pagans as "Egyptian gold," something which the Church not only could, but ought, to take unto itself and use. It is no historical accident that, at the time of his conversion, Augustine occupied the highest academic position in Rome. He had received the best schooling a young man of his time could have, an education in which he drank deeply of the learning of Greece and Rome. His position as professor of rhetoric in


Milan was not only academically prestigious; it required him to occasionally write speeches for the emperor. His conversion marked not only a personal transformation—it wasn't only Augustine who was baptized. Through his thought and writing, classical culture was itself baptized, and put to work championing, not military conquest, but spiritual conquest. The centuries following Augustine have often been called the "Dark Ages" because the fall of Rome brought about a time of cultural barbarism. During this time, monks toiled away in their monasteries, copying the manuscripts they had salvaged from this cultural catastrophe. Thomas Cahill's book, How the Irish Saved Civilization, recounts how, in isolated monasteries on outcrops of inaccessible rock, monks whose names we will never know devoted themselves to the preservation, not only of Christian works, but those of classical culture as well. Had it not been for the work of these great but unheralded men, most of this learning would have been lost. This same attitude toward classical civilization characterized later medieval and Renaissance thinkers, as well as the Puritans and the American founding fathers. They knew that the truths discovered by the pagans were not pagan truths, but truths whose Author the pagans themselves did not know. They were truths taken, said Augustine, "from the mines of God's providence," and recaptured when Christianity conquered paganism. Today we see this learning not only being abandoned, but actively undermined. As our schools become more devoted to things other than truth, it becomes more incumbent on us to champion truth. It would be a great historical irony if, after having benefited from the spoils of cultural conquest, we would so easily throw it all away.



Spring 2012

47 First Start French I & II

2 Letter From the Editor by Martin Cothran 14 Top 10 Reasons for Studying Latin: Part II


by Cheryl Lowe

22 How Shakespeare's Hamlet Led Me Back to God by Dr. Louise Cowan

28 How Not to Insult an Angel by Martin Cothran 32 The God of Men—& of Elves by Martin Cothran 40 The Yearnings of the Pre-Christian World

30 Traditional Logic I & II (Grades 7-12) 30 Aristotle's Material Logic (Grades 9-12) 30 Logic Supplements: Handbook of Christian Apologetics, Socrates Meets Jesus

31 Classical Rhetoric (Grades 9-12) 31 Rhetoric Supplements: Aristotle's Rhetoric, Figures of Speech, and

by Fulton J. Sheen

How to Read a Book


Curriculum Packages


Jr. Kindergarten - 6th Grade

Everything you need for one year + daily/weekly lesson plans!

4 Junior Kindergarten Curriculum Package New! 8 Grammar School Curriculum Map (A Yearly Outlook) 24 Memoria Press Curriculum Map

38 38 39 39

Grades 1-7 Grades 4-12

Grades 3+ Grades 4+ Grades 5+

Prima Latina Grades 1-4 Latina Christiana Grades 3-6 First Form Latin Series Grades 5-12 Henle Latin Series Grades 8-12 Latin Supplements: Book of Roots, Latin Copybook Cursive, Latin Grammar for the Grammar Stage, Latina Christiana Review Worksheets (NEW), Latin Grammar Wall Charts, Ludere Latine I & II, Roots of English, Lingua Angelica I-II, Lingua Biblica, and Prima Latina Copybook (NEW)

Publisher | Cheryl Lowe Editor | Martin Cothran Asst. Editor | Tanya Charlton Copy Editor | Jennifer Farrior Graphic Designer | Karah Force

Grades 6-8 Grades 7+ Grades 6+

The Aeneid Grades 8+ The Divine Comedy Grades 10+ Classical Studies Map: A year-by-year outlook Classical Studies Supplements: Ancient Civilization Wall Maps, Horatius at the Bridge, and Introduction to Classical Studies Guide

36 Christian Studies I-IV 36 The City of God Beta!

Grades 3-8 Grades 10-12



12 Greek Alphabet Book New!

Grades 3-8



13 17 18 20 21

Grades 3-8

Ancient World, Ancient Greeks, and Ancient Romans Beta!


46 Astronomy New! 46 Book of Insects New! 46 What's That Bird? New!

37 D’Aulaires’ Greek Myths 37 Famous Men Series

38 The Trojan War 38 The Iliad & the Odyssey 38 Dorothy Mills Histories New!

Memoria Press Copybooks Alphabet Wall Charts (Available in cursive & manuscript) The Alphabet Book & The Numbers Book New! First Start Reading & Classical Phonics New American Cursive I, II, & III

10 Literature Study Guides 12 Classical Composition New!


Rome, Greece, the Middle Ages, and Modern Times


Grades 5-8

Grades 5+

43 The Story of the Thirteen Colonies 43 43 43 43

& the Great Republic 200 Questions About American History States & Capitals Artner Reader's Guide (American History) Geography

Grades 5-8 Grades 5-8 Grades 3-6 Grades 3-8 Grades 4+

Europe, North Africa, Middle East

43 United States Review New!

Grades 4+

OTHER 26 44 45 46 48

Memoria Press Online Academy Enroll for Summer 2012! Online Academy Classical Latin School Association (CLSA) New! Memoria Press Conference Register Now! Liberal Arts Supplements Homeschool Convention Calendar Come See Us!

MEMORIA PRESS 4603 Poplar Level Road Louisville, KY 40213

© Copyright 2012 (all rights reserved)


$140 Our highly acclaimed programs, based on years of research and experience, include all the books, materials, and core subjects you need to give your child the best education possible. The Curriculum Manual contains complete daily lesson plans for a year. It also serves as a teacher's manual with tips and guidelines that will help your child become a thoughtful, discerning student. What makes our primary curricula "classical"? We have assembled quality prose, poetry, illustrations, classical paintings, and classical music. We have also suggested a quality read-aloud book (sold separately) for you to read to your child each week. Our goal is to expose children to the beautiful and the good at an early age, so they will not be satisfied with less as they grow and mature in their education. In third grade, students actually begin classical history (p. 8), which they will study alongside Latin throughout their school years. Another important component of the classical model is structure and repetition to ensure mastery in all subject areas. Memoria Press has carefully chosen books that naturally follow these concepts. It is never too early to begin classically educating your child. We have been classically educating children for years. Now we want to help you give your child a quality education and a discerning mind, presented from a Christian perspective.


Jr. Kindergarten Curriculum $140

Jr. Kindergarten Complete Set (all books + Lesson Plans)

$45 $30

Jr. Kindergarten Consumable Set (for additional students) Jr. Kindergarten Lesson Plans for One Year (sample right)

• Jr. Kindergarten Curriculum: Complete Lesson Plans for One Year • Memoria Press Alphabet Book (Books 1-2) • Memoria Press Numbers Book (Book 1) • Prayers for Children • Tomie dePaola's Mother Goose • Big Thoughts for Little People (Devotional) • Hailstones and Halibut Bones (Poetry) • Memoria Press Manuscript Wall Charts

Supplemental Read-Aloud Program $340.00 Jr. Kindergarten Supplemental Read-Aloud Set

Individual Primary Programs Composition & Sketchbook $7.95

Memoria Press Copybooks by Leigh Lowe & Cheryl Lowe

$39.95 $14.95 $14.95 $14.95 $14.95

(K-2nd Grades)

Copybook Set (Copybooks I-III) Copybook I (manuscript) Copybook II (manuscript) Copybook III (manuscript) Copybook Cursive (Copybook III in New American Cursive font)

These three-in-one wonders include memory passages, copybook exercises, and drawing pages. We have selected scripture from the King James Bible and classic children’s poems, such as those by Robert Louis Stevenson, which describe the world in charming detail. Our copybooks introduce basic strokes and margin/spacing guidelines, along with alphabet practice pages with traceable characters and instructions for difficult letters.


Classical Core Curriculum Packages

For primary students who have gained skill and confidence in writing. Allows each student to write and illustrate compositions. Each writing page has a fullpage illustration box on the facing page.

Alphabet Wall Charts 11''x17'' $14.95 $14.95

Manuscript Wall Charts Cursive Wall Charts (New American Cursive font)

Visual aids reinforce each letter of the alphabet while young students learn to read and write or practice their cursive penmanship. With beautiful letters, colors, and hand-drawn illustrations, they also make great educational posters for your home and/or classroom! See p. 21 for Latin Copybooks: Prima Latina Copybook and Latin Copybook Cursive: Hymns and Prayers

Everything you need for one year! Sample pages from Jr. Kindergarten Daily Lesson Plans

Our new Jr. Kindergarten is the perfect program for students ready to begin a formal education but not quite ready for kindergarten. This gentle introduction to school will help students master writing all letters of the alphabet and numbers 1-10. They will also work on letter sounds and counting. Each week includes a read-aloud

selection providing practice in reading comprehension and vocabulary. Our curriculum guide gives you detailed lessons broken into 2 days a week for 34 weeks. This program is filled with extras such as calendar time, devotions, crafts, games, poetry, music, and more! Jr. Kindergarten is the perfect introduction to school for young students!

Individual Primary Programs Alphabet Book Beta!

Recommended for Ages 4-5

$30.00 (2 book set)*

Learning the alphabet is the critical first step in learning how to read. The Alphabet Book teaches letter recognition, letter formation, and pencil grip through repetition and tracing. Activities, created with the younger student in mind, make learning each letter simple and fun. Three-letter words, aided by beautiful illustrations, also provide a simple introduction to phonics. This book acts as a great supplement to any primary program or full-year preschool/ kindergarten program. *Presented in a two-book format. Books I & II not sold separately.


Numbers Book Beta! Recommended for Jr. Kindergarten +

$30.00 (2 book set) $15.00 (Book 1)* $15.00 (Book 2)

Written by Leigh Lowe (author of Prima Latina), the Numbers Book is the perfect introduction to numbers, counting, and patterns. Lots of tracing practice also makes this book ideal for the slightly older student, who has already mastered counting, but still needs extra practice writing numbers. The activities (mazes, coloring, pattern recognition, connect the dots, and more!) are so much fun that your student won't be able to wait for the next lesson! *Book I used in MP Jr. Kindergarten.

Classical Core Curriculum Packages


Classical Core Curriculum Packages

K - 2nd Grade

Reading $260 Book D Now Available!


First Start Reading

$39.95 Books A, B, C, & D + Teacher Guide

Phonics, Reading, and Printing by Cheryl Lowe (Recommended for Kindergarten)

Your children begin reading instantly as they progress through 4 simple student books and 34 phonetic stories. The Teacher Guide includes helpful assessments, tips, and more!

• consonants • short & long vowels • 57 common words • manuscript printing • artist-drawn coloring pictures • drawing pages for every letter

FSR is a balanced, age-appropriate approach to phonics and reading, with a serious focus on correct pencil grip and letter formation. Also, while many phonics programs today use the ladder approach (consonant-vowel blending), we prefer the more traditional (vowel-consonant) approach combined with word families. Mastery of short vowels is the sine qua non of phonics programs, but few programs provide adequate practice. *Note: Printing, an important pathway of the learning process, is an integral part of FSR. Some children, however, are reading-ready before their motor skills are developed enough for printing. If this is the case with your child, you may use FSR without the printing component.

Sample pages from FSR student workbook

Kindergarten Curriculum $260 $80 $30

Kindergarten Complete Set (all books + Lesson Plans) Kindergarten Consumable Books Set (for additional students) Kindergarten Lesson Plans for One Year

• Kindergarten Curriculum: Complete Lesson Plans for One Year • Copybook I and Composition & Sketchbook • The Golden Children's Bible • Christian Liberty Nature Reader (Book K) • Animal Alphabet Coloring Book • First Start Reading: A, B, C, D & Teacher Guide • Classical Phonics • SRA Phonics 1 • Primary Phonics Readers (20 books total) • Rod & Staff Beginning Arithmetic 1: Student (Part 1), Teacher, & Blacklines • Counting With Numbers • Soft and White, Fun in the Sun, & Scamp and Tramp

Supplemental Read-Aloud Program $295 $275

Kindergarten Read-Aloud Complete Set with Poetry Kindergarten Read-Aloud Set (Poetry not included)

Classical Phonics Classical Phonics

$14.95 A Child's Guide to Word Mastery (Recommended for Kindergarten - 2nd Grade)

Sample page from Classical Phonics

Classical Phonics consists of phonetically arranged word lists for students to practice their growing word recognition skills. In a word list there are no context clues, so the learner must rely on his mastery of letter sounds. For instance, if your child can pronounce each word in this list correctly – pot, pat, pit, put, pet – he knows his short vowel sounds, and you can move on to long vowels! If not, he needs more practice, and Classical Phonics is the most effective tool we know of to address the repetition that young ones need when learning to read. It can be used as a supplement to any phonics program and covers nearly all English phonograms and sounds taught through second grade. Classical Phonics is your go-to resource for phonics practice and for building confident readers. Classical Phonics is a teacher and student guide all in one. It provides thorough, concise phonics explanations at the bottom of most pages, giving you the background you need to teach phonics even if you never learned it yourself.


Classical Core Curriculum Packages

"I couldn't be more THRILLED with it!!! ..." $300


1st Grade Curriculum $300 $105 $200 $30

1st Grade Complete Set (all books + Lesson Plans) 1st Grade Consumable Books Set (for additional students) 1st Grade Continuing MP Student Set 1st Grade Lesson Plans for One Year

• First Grade Curriculum: Complete Lesson Plans for One Year • Copybook II and Composition & Sketchbook • New American Cursive 1 • The Golden Children's Bible • Classical Phonics • SRA Phonics 2 • Rod & Staff Beginning Arithmetic 1: Student (Parts 1-2), Teacher, Blacklines • Storytime/More Storytime Treasures Study Guides & Teacher Key; Little Bear; Little Bear's Visit; Caps for Sale; Blueberries for Sal; Make Way for Ducklings; Billy and Blaze; Blaze and the Forest Fire; The Story About Ping; Keep the Lights Burning, Abbie; Stone Soup; The Little House; Miss Rumphius • A Little House Christmas Treasury, Christmas in the Big Woods, and Winter on the Farm

Supplemental Read-Aloud Program $305 $290

First Grade Read-Aloud Complete Set with Poetry First Grade Read-Aloud Set (Poetry not included)

2nd Grade Curriculum $370 $125 $315 $30

2nd Grade Complete Set (all books + Lesson Plans) 2nd Grade Consumable Books Set (for additional students) 2nd Grade Continuing MP Student Set 2nd Grade Lesson Plans for One Year

• Second Grade Curriculum: Complete Lesson Plans for One Year • Prima Latina Set (student, teacher, workbook, pronunciation CD, instructional DVDs, and flashcards)

• Copybook Cursive, Prima Latina Copybook, Composition & Sketchbook • New American Cursive 2 • The Golden Children's Bible • SRA Phonics 3 • Rod & Staff Math 2: Student (Units 1-5), Teacher, & Blacklines • Classical Phonics • Second Grade Literature: Study Guides, novels, and Teacher Key: Little House in the Big Woods, Mr. Popper's Penguins, The Courage of Sarah Noble, Tales From Beatrix Potter

Supplemental Read-Aloud Program $305 $290

2nd Grade Read-Aloud Complete Set with Poetry 2nd Read-Aloud Set (Poetry not included)

Individual Primary Programs New American Cursive by Iris Hatfield

Some think computers have made cursive writing skills obsolete, but good handwriting and computers are not mutually exclusive. Should we stop teaching language arts because a child can now text message? Before the early 1940s, virtually all children were taught cursive in the first grade. Research shows that when third graders begin writing cursive, they return to a first grade speed level. By learning cursive earlier, students can focus more on other subjects once they reach the upper grades.

New American Cursive I $22.95 ea New American Cursive II (Scripture Verses) New American Cursive II (Quotes from

Famous Americans)

New American Cursive III

(Scripture & Lessons on Manners)

NAC Startwrite CD


Simple, clear, & effective! ✓ 8-page teaching guide ✓ 125 Instruction and exercise lessons ✓ Illustrations/Exercises for letter connections ✓ Journaling pages ✓ Practice includes Bible verses and quotes ✓ Simplified classic letter forms ✓ Focus on accuracy and legibility ✓ Natural right slant (easier for beginners & lefties) ✓ Takes only 15 min./day!

See p. 4 for New American Cursive Alphabet Wall Charts


Classical Core Curriculum Packages


Classical Core Curriculum Packages

Grades 3-6



3rd Grade Curriculum

4th Grade Curriculum


3rd Grade Complete Set (all books + Lesson Plans)


4th Grade Complete Set (all books + Lesson Plans)

$150 $30

3rd Grade Consumable Books Set (for additional students) 3rd Grade Lesson Plans for One Year

$150 $30

4th Grade Consumable Books Set (for additional students) 4th Grade Lesson Plans for One Year

• Third Grade Curriculum: Complete Lesson Plans for One Year • Latina Christiana I Complete Set

• Fourth Grade Curriculum: Complete Lesson Plans for One Year • First Form Latin Complete Set

(student, teacher, pronunciation CD, instructional DVDs, and flashcards)

• Third Grade Literature: Study Guide Sets w/ Novels

(student, teacher, workbook, pronunciation CD, instructional DVDs, and flashcards)

• Fourth Grade Literature: Study Guide Sets w/ Novels

(Farmer Boy, Charlotte's Web, The Moffats)

(The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe; Heidi; Lassie Come-Home)

• D'Aulaires' Greek Myths set (student, teacher, text) • Christian Studies I set (student, teacher) • New American Cursive 3 • States & Capitals set (student, teacher, Don't Know Much About the 50 States) • Astronomy set (student, teacher) • Rod & Staff Math 3 (student, teacher, blacklines) • Rod & Staff Spelling 4 (student, teacher) • English Grammar for the Grammar Stage (student, teacher) • Poetry for the Grammar Stage (student, teacher) • The Best Christmas Pageant Ever

Supplemental Read-Aloud Program

• Famous Men of Rome set (student, teacher, text) • Christian Studies II set (student, teacher) • Geography of the Middle East, Europe, and North Africa (text, workbook, key) • United States Review (student, teacher) • The Book of Insects set (student, teacher, reader) • Rod & Staff Math 4 (student, teacher, drills, tests) • Rod & Staff Spelling 5 & English 4 (student, teacher, worksheets, tests) • Classical Composition: The Fable Stage (student, teacher)

$19.95 Poetry for the Grammar Stage Beta!

(supplement for 4th grade; included in 3rd grade package)

$150.00 Third Grade Read-Aloud Novels (11 book set) $300.00 Third Grade Read-Aloud Picture Books (22 book set)



Latina Christiana I (p. 17)

Greek Myths (p. 37)

Christian Studies I (p. 36)

The Moffats Farmer Boy Charlotte's Web (p. 11)

First Form Latin (p. 18)

Famous Men of Rome (p. 37)

Christian Studies II (p. 36)

Lassie Come-Home Heidi The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (p. 11)

Famous Men of the Middle Ages (p. 37)

Christian Studies III (p. 36)

Adam of the Road Robin Hood King Arthur (p. 11)

Famous Men of Greece Trojan War Horatius at the Bridge (pp. 37-39)

Christian Studies IV (p. 36)

The Hobbit Anne of Green Gables The Bronze Bow Treasure Island (p. 11)






Latin & Greek


Second Form Latin (p. 18) Greek Alphabet Book (p. 12)

Third Form Latin (p. 18)

Classical Core Curriculum Packages

Grade by grade curriculum map below! $425


5th Grade Curriculum

6th Grade Curriculum


5th Grade Complete Set (all books + Lesson Plans)


6th Grade Complete Set (all books + Lesson Plans)

$150 $30

5th Grade Consumable Books Set (for additional students) 5th Grade Lesson Plans for One Year

$150 $30

6th Grade Consumable Books Set (for additional students) 6th Grade Lesson Plans for One Year

• Fifth Grade Curriculum: Complete Lesson Plans for One Year • First or Second Form Latin Complete Set

• Sixth Grade Curriculum: Complete Lesson Plans for One Year • First, Second, or Third Form Latin Complete Set

(student, teacher, workbook, pronunciation CD, instructional DVDs, and flashcards)

• Fifth Grade Literature: Study Guide Sets w/ Novels (King Arthur, Robin Hood, Adam of the Road)

• Famous Men of the Middle Ages set (student, teacher, text) • Christian Studies III set (student, teacher) • Geography II (student, teacher) • Rod and Staff Arithmetic 5 (student, teacher, tests) • Rod and Staff English 5 & Spelling 6 (student, teacher, worksheets, tests) • What's That Bird? (with Memoria Press Study Guide Set), Peterson Birds Coloring Book, Peterson First Guide: Birds, Exploring the World of Medicine (with Memoria Press Quizzes, Reviews, and Tests Guide) • Classical Composition: The Narrative Stage (student, teacher)

$17.95 Golden Children's Bible (supplement for 3rd - 5th grades; included

(student, teacher, workbook, pronunciation CD, instructional DVDs, and flashcards)

• Sixth Grade Literature: Study Guide Sets w/ Novels (Anne of Green Gables, Treasure Island, The Bronze Bow, The Hobbit)

• Famous Men of Greece set (student, teacher, text) • Horatius at the Bridge • The Trojan War set (student, teacher, text) • Christian Studies IV set (student, teacher) • Rod and Staff Arithmetic 6 (student, teacher, tests, quizzes) • Rod and Staff Spelling 7 & English 6 (student, teacher, worksheets, tests) • American Studies: The Story of the Thirteen Colonies and The Great Republic, 200 Questions About American History, Everything You Need to Know About American History Homework

• Exploring the World of Biology, The Tree Book, Peterson First Guide: Trees • Classical Composition: The Chreia/Maxim Stage

in K-2nd grade packages; also sold on p. 36)







English Grammar for the Grammar Stage

Rod & Staff Spelling 4

English Grammar for the Grammar Stage

States & Capitals (p. 43)

Rod & Staff Math 3

Book of Astronomy (p. 46)

Rod & Staff English 4

Rod & Staff Spelling 5

Classical Composition: The Fable Stage (p. 12) Writing, Year 1

Geography: Europe, North Africa, & the Middle East (p. 43)

Rod & Staff Math 4

Book of Insects (p. 46)

Rod & Staff English 5

Rod & Staff Spelling 6

Classical Composition: The Narrative Stage (p. 12) Writing, Year 2


Rod & Staff Math 5

What's That Bird? Exploring the World of Medicine (p. 46)

Rod & Staff English 6

Rod & Staff Spelling 7

Classical Composition: The Creia/Maxim Stage (p. 12) Writing, Year 3 Coming Soon!

The Thirteen Colonies and the Great Republic (p. 43)

Rod & Staff Math 6

The Tree Book Exploring the World of Biology


Classical Core Curriculum Packages


Literature First Grade $14.95 StoryTime Treasures

Student Guide

$14.95 More StoryTime Treasures

Student Guide

$10.00 Teacher Key

StoryTime Treasures Set


More StoryTime Treasures Set

Student Guide $14.95 Blueberries for Sal $7.99 Little Bear $3.95 Make Way For Ducklings $7.99 Little Bear's Visit $3.95 Caps for Sale $6.99

Student Guide $14.95 Miss Rumphius $7.99 Billy and Blaze $5.99 The Little House $6.95


The Story About Ping $3.99 Keep the Lights Burning, Abbie $6.95 Stone Soup $6.99 Blaze and the Forest Fire $5.99

Second Grade $55.00 Literature Guide Set

Student Guides: The Courage of Sarah Noble, Little House in the Big Woods, Tales From Beatrix Potter, Mr. Popper's Penguins, and Teacher Key

$99.00 Literature Guide Set w/ Novels Student Guides, Teacher Key, & Novels

The Courage of Sarah Noble

Little House in the Big Woods

Tales from Beatrix Potter

Mr. Popper's Penguins

2nd Grade Lit. Teacher Key

Student Gd. $11.95 Novel $4.99

Student Gd. $11.95 Novel $6.99

Student Gd. $11.95 Stories (ea.) $6.99

Student Gd. $11.95 Novel $6.99


DEVELOPING SUPERIOR READERS Reading requires an active, discriminating mind that is challenged to think, compare, and contrast. Students who have been challenged by good literature will develop into superior readers and will never be satisfied with poor-quality books. Each novel has been carefully selected to nourish your child's reading skills. The study guides focus on vocabulary, spelling, comprehension, and composition skills, which train students to become active readers.

Each lesson includes a word study to help students build vocabulary. The comprehension questions challenge students to consider what they have read, identify the important content of each story, and compose clear, concise answers (a difficult skill at any age). Writing is thinking, and good questioning stimulates the child to think and write. Each lesson also includes fun enrichment activities such as composition, map work, research, drawing, and much more! Sample pages from Farmer Boy (Grade 3)

Quotations Almanzo was a little soldier in this great battle. From dawn to dark he worked, from dark to dawn he slept, then he was up again and working. But Almanzo had never planted corn before. He did not handle the hoe so well. He had to trot two steps where Royal or Father took one...But he knew he would plant corn as fast as anybody, when his legs were longer. harrow

Discussion Questions


a simple wind instrument used to call field workers home for a meal

seed corn

kernels of corn used for planting

1. The third paragraph of this chapter describes the work horses. Explain the phrase “wise, sober mares”. 2. The first quote above describes Almanzo as a soldier in a battle. What was the battle, and in what way was he like a soldier in this battle? 3. Describe how the potatoes were planted.

Reading Notes a farm machine with sharp teeth used to break up and level plowed ground; it is also used as a verb to describe the process of preparing the soil for planting


1. ...the sun was rising beyond the dewy meadows... __________________________________________ 2. They dribbled the carrot seeds into the furrows... ___________________________________________


3. All the soil must be made mellow and fine and smooth. ______________________________________

4. “Hustle along there, son...” _______________________________________________________________ Reread the last paragraph on page 128 beginning “The seeds were too small ...”. In three to five Almanzo...went sentences, retell the story of the lazy boy in your own words. Be sure to include the 5. consequence of up and down the long field, straddling the little furrows. _______________________ his actions. ___________________________________________________________________________________________

Sample pages from StoryTime Treasures

Comprehension Questions

___________________________________________________________________________________________ 1. The experienced work horses knew exactly what to do in the fields. Why would Almanzo have ___________________________________________________________________________________________ enjoyed driving them more if this weren’t the case? __________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Why did the farmers have to hurry to plant their good seeds?_________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. What were the three fields of grain Father sowed? What were they used for? ___________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ 4. Explain the connection between ash leaves, squirrel ears, and corn planting. ___________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________

Lesson 11: Springtime





Lesson 11: Springtime

*Included in curriculum packages! (pp. 8-9) Third Grade $69.00 Literature Guide Set

Student & Teacher Guides: Farmer Boy, Charlotte's Web, The Moffats

$93.00 Literature Guide Set w/ Novels Student Guides, Teacher Guides, & Novels

Farmer Boy

(Third Grade sets above do not include Homer Price)

Student Gd. Teacher Key Novel

Charlotte's Web $11.95 $12.95 $8.99

Student Gd. Teacher Key Novel

The Moffats $11.95 $12.95 $8.99

Student Gd. Teacher Key Novel

$11.95 $12.95 $6.95

Fourth Grade

Homer Price Beta

$69.00 Literature Guide Set

Student Gd. Teacher Key Novel

Student & Teacher Guides: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe; Heidi; Lassie Come-Home

$11.95 $12.95 $5.99

$94.00 Literature Guide Set w/ Novels Student Guides, Teacher Guides, & Novels

The Lion, the Witch ...


Student Gd. Teacher Key Novel

Student Gd. Teacher Key Novel

$11.95 $12.95 $8.99

Lassie Come-Home $11.95 $12.95 $4.99

Student Gd. Teacher Key Novel

$11.95 $12.95 $6.99

Fifth Grade $69.00 Literature Guide Set

Student & Teacher Guides: King Arthur and His Knights of the Round Table, Robin Hood, Adam of the Road

$85.00 Literature Guide Set w/ Novels Student Guides, Teacher Guides, & Novels

King Arthur Student Gd. Teacher Key Novel

Robin Hood $11.95 $12.95 $4.99

Student Gd. Teacher Key Novel

Adam of the Road $11.95 $12.95 $4.99

Student Gd. Teacher Key Novel

$11.95 $12.95 $6.99

Sixth Grade $95.00 Literature Guide Set

Student & Teacher Guides: Anne of Green Gables, Treasure Island, The Bronze Bow, The Hobbit

$129.00 Literature Guide Set w/ Novels Student Guides, Teacher Guides, & Novels

Seventh Grade

Anne of Green Gables

Treasure Island

Student Gd. Teacher Key Novel

Student Gd. Teacher Key Novel

$11.95 $12.95 $9.95

The Bronze Bow $11.95 $12.95 $9.95

Student Gd. Teacher Key Novel

The Hobbit $11.95 $12.95 $6.95



$69.00 Literature Guide Set

Student & Teacher Guides: The Wind in the Willows, Robinson Crusoe, As You Like It

$97.00 Literature Guide Set w/ Novels Student Guides, Teacher Guides, & Novels

The Wind in the Willows

Robinson Crusoe

Student Gd. Teacher Key Novel

Student Gd. Teacher Key Novel

$11.95 $12.95 $9.95

As You Like It $11.95 $12.95 $7.95

Student Gd. Teacher Key Novel

$11.95 $12.95 $9.95

Student Gd. Teacher Key Novel

$11.95 $12.95 $10.00

"I tend to want to trust Memoria Press most in all of this simply because I think they have excellent materials and because they provide very cogent articles in support of their position ..." - Brian G.

THIS PAGE IS ONLY A GUIDE: Students may work a year below or above the grades assigned. 1-877-862-1097





Grades 4+ The Fable Stage $19.95 Fable Stage Student Guide Beta! $29.95 Fable Stage Teacher Guide Beta!

The Narrative Stage New

$19.95 Narrative Stage Student Guide Beta! $29.95 Narrative Stage Teacher Key Beta!


Classical Composition What if you could teach your child using the same writing program that produced such masters of the language as John Milton, William Shakespeare, and Benjamin Franklin? What if you could have the same composition curriculum used by Quintilian, the greatest teacher of ancient rhetoric, and Cicero, the greatest persuasive speaker of all time? Jim Selby has blown the dust off of the writing curriculum that was used in schools for over 1,500 years and put it in an easy-to-teach format that will revolutionize your home or private school curriculum. Presented clearly and systematically in a structured curriculum, Classical Composition will give you a clear road map to writing excellence. Ancient writers invented a way of teaching writing known as the progymnasmata, which provided a method of teaching composition that not only taught budding writers a disciplined way to approach communication, but also helped them appeal to the heads of their audience. The progymnasmata gave them the stylistic tools to appeal to their hearts as well. The greatest communicators of ancient times, Quintilian and Cicero among them, employed the progymnasmata to teach their students the art of communication. The 14 exercises, organized from the simplest and most basic to the most complex and sophisticated, were the core education of a classical speaker, designed to produce what Quintilian once called, "the good man, speaking well."




Grades 5+

Greek Alphabet Book by Cheryl Lowe

$15.00 $10.00

Greek Alphabet Book Beta! Greek Alphabet Key Beta!

Though the Greek alphabet is similar to our English alphabet, it is also different enough to be a major impediment to the study of Greek. Delving into the Greek grammar and learning the alphabet at the same time is overwhelming for almost everyone. Give yourself the time to master the Greek letters and become comfortable with them before you plunge into Greek. Memoria Press’ Greek Alphabet program is a tour of the Greek letters, their formation, and sounds. A page is devoted to each letter and includes a letter diagram with arrows showing proper formation, printing lines showing placement of letters above and below the lines, letters to trace and copy, interesting facts and hints to help remember the letter’s sound, and questions. Each lesson consists of three letters, a review page, and a quiz.


Writing & Greek


Grades 1-4

Student Book Sample Pages

Prima Latina: An Introduction to Christian Latin

by Leigh Lowe Grades 1-4 (see Latin course guide on p. 20) Are you looking for a gentle introduction to Latin and a course that prepares your young student for a more advanced study of the language? Prima Latina is specifically designed for students and teachers with no Latin background. This course was developed for children in 1st-4th grades who are still becoming familiar with English grammar and wish to learn Latin at a slower pace. Its goal is to teach and reinforce an understanding of the basic parts of speech while introducing Latin. It benefits the student by teaching him half of the vocabulary in Latina Christiana I and grounding him in the fundamental concepts of English grammar, the key to Latin study. The grammar lessons are set forth in a form appropriate for primary grades. The review lessons that follow each unit provide the consistent review needed to master Latin. With clear explanations and easy-toread lessons in a two-color format, Prima Latina is perfect for those teachers and parents who would like to start their students on an early study of Christian Latin.

PL Supplements (p. 21)

Prima Latina Copybook Lingua Angelica CD & Songbook

“Order Leigh Lowe’s Prima Latina, along with the accompanying teacher’s guide and supplementary CD.” - Susan Wise Bauer & Jessie Wise

“If you are beginning Latin and have no Latin background, this is the curriculum for you.” - Julie A.,

“We absolutely LOVE this program!!!” - Linda,

“We have found that students who start with Prima Latina are much more likely not only to continue Latin, but to love it!”

What’s Inside ... Student Book

• 25 lessons + 5 review lessons • Latin vocabulary words with corresponding English derivatives • Latin prayers • Grammar skills appropriate for primary grades • Consistent review

Teacher Manual

• Student book w/ answers keyed • Tests

Pronunciation CD Prima Latina Set + DVDs & Flashcards $90.90


Prima Latina Set $32.95

• Complete verbal pronunciation • Four Lingua Angelica songs


• 3 discs, 9 hours (15-20 min./lesson) • Comprehensive teaching by Leigh Lowe • Recitation & review, vocabulary practice, and explanation of derivatives • On-screen notes, diagrams, & examples • Self-instructive format

Flashcards Student Book $14.00

Teacher Manual $14.00


CD $4.95

DVDs $45.00

Flashcards $14.95

• Vocabulary with derivatives • Latin sayings • Conjugations & Declensions



Cheryl Lowe is the author of the popular Latin programs, Latina Christiana, Lingua Angelica, and the First Form Latin series, as well as First Start Reading.

Let's Recap Part I ... 1. Latin is the next step after phonics. 2. Half of our English words come from Latin, the big half! 3. The specialized vocabularies of all of the modern sciences come from Latin and Greek. (Reasons 1-3 explained in Part I of this article. You may read Part I in The Classical Teacher, Winter 2011 issue, available FREE online)



4 Latin is the language of law, government, logic, and theology. Not only does Latin provide the root words for all of the modern sciences (Reason 3), but Latin is the language of law, politics, logic, and theology. While a large number of words in science come from Greek, law is the exclusive domain of the Latin language. All legal terms are Latin. The Romans excelled in the practical arts of law and government, and it is from them that we derive our legal and political language. How many of these words do you know the meanings of? (Figure 1) Latin is invaluable for the business and law student. And although logic was first explained by Aristotle in Greek, it was really developed and systematized by the schoolmen in the Middle Ages—in Latin, of course. And in the West, even Christian theology was worked out in Latin. (Figure 2) Many of the original words were Greek, but they were all filtered through the Latin language. In fact, everything that has come down to us from the ancient world was filtered through Latin. Jesus said, “Behold I do a new thing,” and thus Christians needed new words to describe these new things. Sometimes they grabbed existing Latin words and gave them new meanings, like grace which meant favor or thanks. Christians gave grace a new spiritual meaning—the undeserved favor of God, Christian grace. And sometimes they created new words, like the Latin word Trinity, a word not found in Scripture but one needed to express the doctrine of the three-inone God. Tres, tria is three and unus is one, Tri unity. Trinity. Both three and one at the same time. Many well know theological concepts are in Latin. We are created Imago Dei, in the image of God, and ex nihilo, from nothing. Sola fide was the battle cry of the Reformation.

5 Latin is the most efficient way to learn English grammar. How many new grammar programs have failed to produce results? First it was Easy Grammar and now it is Shirley Grammar. The problem is not with these programs; the problem is with English grammar. Why is English

grammar so difficult to teach? There are several reasons, the first of which is summed up by these observations: • English grammar doesn’t connect with students. It is difficult for students to analyze something they use instinctively because • Students do not need grammar to use their own language, so • English grammar, for most students, is useless and dull. FIGURE 1 habeas corpus in loco parentis de facto, de jure amicus curiae caveat emptor pro bono

subpoena Omnibus bill veto referendum Plenary session quorum

Quid pro quo Capitol, capital Ad hominem Non sequitur

The second reason is that English grammar is too abstract for the grammar stage. In my opinion it is about the same level of abstraction and difficulty as algebra. When Dorothy Sayers, in The Lost Tools of Learning, recommended grammar in the grammar stage, she wasn’t talking about English grammar, analyzing and diagramming sentences; she was talking about memorizing the Latin grammar. I think we have all made a serious mistake by emphasizing analytical English grammar in the grammar stage. Memorizing, remember, is consistent with the grammar stage, not analysis, which belongs in the logic stage. English grammar is abstract and invisible because of its lack of structure and inflection. But Latin grammar is concrete and visible because of its structure and inflection. What is inflection? Inflected languages have noun endings that tell you what the noun is doing in the sentence. Is the noun a subject, a direct object, or an indirect object? Look at the first two sentences to see inflection. (Figure 3) In the first sentence, 'queen' is the direct object because its ending am tells you so. In the second sentence, Mary is the direct object; its ending, am, tells you so. When Mary is the subject it ends in a, and when Mary is the direct object, it ends in am—similar to he and him in English. Do you see how the Latin grammar is visible and concrete? You can see and hear the difference between a subject and a direct object in Latin. Inflected languages also have verb endings that tell you who is doing the action of the verb, and when. The personal pronouns, we and they, do not have to be expressed in Latin because they are contained in the verb endings -mus and -nt. Inflection makes grammar visible and concrete. English grammar is abstract and hidden because it is uninflected. It is unsystematic, unstructured, unreliable, and inconsistent. We are a loose and freedom loving people. We break the rules. The Romans were the most disciplined, structured, organized people in history and so was their language; their conjugations and declensions march in disciplined rows just like their legions. There is a third problem with English grammar:


FIGURE 2 Trinity grace salvation justification sanctification imago Dei

ex nihilo sacrament immortality vocation moral, immoral divinity, deity

crucifixion ecclesiastical benediction pastoral Advent resurrection

English grammar! Learning a foreign language is the most effective way to learn grammar. I have never given a talk when someone did not come up afterwards and say, “I never really understood English grammar until I took French (or Spanish, or German, or whatever).” It is difficult to analyze something you use instinctively. And what is more natural and hard to think about than your own native language? It is second nature. The child of three or four speaks in complete sentences with subjects and predicates, verbs, direct objects, indirect objects, prepositional phrases, possessives, participles, gerunds, and infinitives—all without instruction. You do not have to tell the child to put a predicate in his sentence, do you? Have you ever had to say, "Now don't forget your indirect object" or "Hey what happened to that participle”? Of course not. So when the student tries to analyze something he uses naturally and has learned by imitation, he finds it rather useless and dull. Eyes glaze over. But a foreign language is foreign. The student has to break it down to learn it. Learning a foreign language makes use of a technique that is guaranteed to open eyes and develop deeper understanding—contrast and comparison. We don’t really see something until we see it in comparison to something else. Contrast and comparison deepens understanding. It makes the subject come into perspective, come alive. Depth perception requires two eyes. Until we see with two eyes we are like the Cyclops, one big eye that sees a lot but with little understanding. Learning a foreign language is seeing with two eyes; it is an eye-opener. FIGURE 3 Maria reginam videt. Regina Mariam videt.

Mary sees the queen The queen sees Mary.

Reginam videmus. Reginam vident.

We see the queen. They see the queen.

And lest we revert back to the "why not Spanish grammar" argument, when it comes to grammar, there is no grammar like the Latin grammar. Latin is the most orderly, logical, disciplined, structured, systematic, consistent grammar in existence. Every lesson in Latin is a lesson in logic. Latin is a grammar system that is unparalleled among all the languages. It has no equal. Spanish is a very admirable language, but when it comes to grammar it doesn't come close. I won’t say "skip English grammar" like I did the vocabulary courses, but I will say cut way back on your analytical English grammar and put that time into Latin. Latin grammar teaches English better than English teaches English.



6 Latin is the best preparation for learning any language. Which brings me to the 6th reason to learn Latin. Latin is the best preparation for learning a Romance language, or any language. Once you really understand how language works, the task of learning a new language will be more than cut in half. Why settle for just one language? Learn a dozen, but learn Latin first.

7 Latin effectively develops and trains the mind. I consider this to be the most important reason of all: mental training. Latin is the most effective tool we have to develop and train the minds of the young. Not only does it cut in half the task of learning another language, it makes learning any subject easier. How can that be? The student who has learned how to learn with Latin will be a better student at all of his other subjects. Latin is an unexcelled system. Once you learn one system, you learn how to think systematically and approach any new subject with greatly enhanced learning skills. You see, subjects do more than provide information. Subjects are formative. The subject forms the minds of students by impressing its own qualities on their minds. You have heard the expression you are what you eat. Likewise your mind becomes like what you study. Your mind takes on the qualities of the subjects that it dwells on. The formative aspect of subjects is as important, if not more important, than the information they provide. For instance, the subject of literature teaches insight, perception, and compassion for the human condition. The subject of history develops judgment, discernment, acumen, and wisdom; The subject of math teaches accuracy and logic. Those qualities of mind are priceless and what differentiates the educated person from the uneducated. Likewise, the mind of the student that has been educated in Latin takes on the qualities of Latin: logic, order, discipline, structure. Latin requires and teaches attention to detail, accuracy, patience, precision, and thorough, honest work. Latin will form the minds of your students. Think of the mind like the body. Latin is a mental workout, and Latin is your mental trainer.

8 Latin aids the mind in other ways ... Latin is a unit study where the work is done for you. The appeal of a unit study is that everything is connected and integrated. Things stick together and make more sense. So much of learning is fragmented into subjects that seem isolated from each other. But creating a unit study is a lot of work, and unit studies are limited to a small section of knowledge. Latin is a unit study where the work is done for you, where everything integrates naturally, where the connections are there for you to discover. There is no subject you can study that connects with every other subject more than Latin. Remember all of the connections with science and math, logic, theology, law? Everything from the ancient



world has come down to us filtered through the Latin language. For 1000 years, the only language we had was Latin. When you learn Latin you are learning the history of just about everything. Learning is mostly words. Words, words, words. And most of them are Latin words. Learning is making connections. The more you know, the more you can learn and the easier it is to acquire new knowledge because it will stick to something you already know. Latin gives you more stickies than any other subject. It is like academic velcro. It connects with everything.

9 Latin is transformative. Latin will change your curriculum and homeschool from good to great. Latin provides the missing element in modern education—the glue, the integrating factor. Latin does for the language side of the curriculum what math does for science. It provides the mental discipline and structure that the humanities side of the curriculum desperately needs. The two most difficult and challenging subjects in the curriculum are mathematics and languages. Both subjects are necessarily cumulative. Everything must be remembered; nothing can be forgotten. A cumulative subject builds year after year, requiring skills each year that are more and more advanced, higher and higher, deeper and deeper. By contrast, most subjects are topical, not cumulative. For instance, if you are studying history and zone out during the Revolutionary War the first term and make a D, you can wake up and redeem yourself the second term for the Civil War and make an A. You can’t do that with math and Latin. And that is why they are hard. So much of learning is superficial, shallow, on the surface. The only way to get out of the shallow waters is to dive deep into one subject. Students need that experience. We talk a lot about higher order thinking, but there is only one way to reach a high order of thinking, and that is to dive deep into one subject. The only subject that gives that experience now is math. We need that kind of experience on the language side of the curriculum. Latin is the answer.

10 Latin is the language of Western Civilization. If we plan to save Western civilization, we must study it. No one would think that we could study and preserve American civilization without studying and preserving English. The same is true of Western civilization. Latin is the mother tongue of Western civilization. The original thinkers in the ancient world were the Greeks and the Hebrews, but it was the Romans that summarized, synthesized, codified, and handed it down to us—in Latin. It could have been Greek or Hebrew, but it wasn’t. In the providence of God, it was Latin. And now Latin has spread over the world in all of the sciences, law, five Romance languages and one hybrid: English. Latin is the most influential language in human history. Learn Latin! You will be doing your part to save Western civilization and transform your education from good to great. Latin is not dead; it’s immortal.


Grades 3-6

Teacher Manual Sample Pages

Latina Christiana by Cheryl Lowe Grades 1-4 (see Latin course guide on p. 20)

Latina Christiana I is, quite simply, the best Latin grammar course available for beginning students. Cheryl Lowe’s clear explanations, easy instructions, and step-by-step approach have led thousands of teachers and students to declare, “I love Latin!” Online Academy

Each of the 25 lessons consists of a grammar form, ten vocabulary words, and a Latin saying that teaches students about their Christian or classical heritage. Five review lessons help ensure that your student has mastered the material. In addition, every lesson includes simple English derivatives of Latin words to help build English vocabulary. “I have taught my own children using Exercises reinforce memory work and your LC books and Henle, and yours is teach grammar in incremental steps the best curriculum available.” through simple translation. Grammar - V.B., Latin teacher coverage includes 1st-2nd declension nouns, 1st-2nd conjugation verbs, 1st-2nd declension adjectives, the irregular verb to be, and 1st-2nd person pronouns. The Teacher Manual includes a complete copy of the student book with overlaid answers and provides detailed weekly lesson plans, comprehensive teaching instructions, tests, weekly quizzes, and keys. The thirty lessons can be completed in a year for young students or in less time for older students. *Note: Students may move straight from Latina Christiana I to First Form Latin. See guide on p. 20.

Latina Christiana II continues the study of Latin grammar using the

same format as LC I. Upon completion, the students will have learned 400 Latin vocabulary words, all 5 declensions, model principal parts for all 4 conjugations, 3 tenses, the use of nominative and accusative cases, prepositional phrases, and much more!

Latina Christiana I Set + DVDs & Flashcards $97.90


Latina Christiana I Set $39.95

Supplements (p. 21)

Ludere Latine I & II The Book of Roots Roots of English Lingua Angelica LCI Review Worksheets New Latin Grammar Charts

What’s Inside ... Student Book

• 25 lessons + 5 review lessons • 10 vocabulary words per lesson w/ corresponding English derivatives • Latin sayings, songs, and prayers

Teacher Manual

• Student book w/ answers keyed • Weekly lesson plans • Tests, quizzes, & keys • Comprehensive teaching instructions

Pronunciation CD

• Complete verbal pronunciation • Latin Prayers & songs


Student Book $15.00

Teacher Manual $20.00

CD $4.95

DVDs $55.00

Flashcards $14.95

Latina Christiana II Set + DVDs & Flashcards $97.90 Latina Christiana II Set $39.95 1-877-862-1097

• LC I: 5 discs, 18 hrs. (35-40 min./lesson) • LC II: 4 discs, 12 hrs. (20-25 min./lesson) • Comprehensive teaching by Leigh Lowe • Recitation & review, vocabulary practice, and explanation of derivatives • On-screen notes, diagrams, & examples • Self-instructive format


• Vocabulary with derivatives • Latin sayings • Conjugations & Declensions



Latin "... I was quite reluctant to change programs, but I'm glad I did! It is well laid out, presents the information in bite-sized pieces, has a good amount of review and worksheets for each lesson, and explains the grammar and information very well." - Linda

First Form:

Latin Grammar: Year 1 • 5 noun declensions • 1st - 2nd declension adjectives • 1st - 2nd conjugations in 6 tenses (active voice) • sum in 6 tenses • Syntax: nominative and accusative cases complementary infinitive subject-verb agreement noun-adjective agreement predicate nouns and adjectives

Second Form:

Latin Grammar: Year 2 • 2nd declension -er -ir nouns and adjectives • 3rd declension i-stem nouns • 3rd declension adjectives of one termination • 1st and 2nd person pronouns and possessive pronoun adjectives • Prepositions with ablative and accusative • Adverbs and questions • 3rd, 3rd –io, and 4th conjugations in 6 tenses (active voice) • Present system passive of 1st - 4th conjugations and -io verbs • Syntax: genitive of possession dative of indirect object ablative of means and agent

Grades 5-12

First Form Latin Series: Latin Grammar, Years 1-3 Recommended for Grades 5-12

Online Academy

(or any age if completed Latina Christiana I)

Based on 20 years of teaching experience, this revolutionary new series will be your guide as you and your students successfully climb the mountain of Latin grammar all the way to the top! Written for parents and teachers with or without a Latin background, the goal of the First Form series is to present the grammar so logically and so systematically that anyone can learn it! Designed for students and teachers with no Latin background, each course in the First Form series is formatted with an attractive, concise student text, systematic presentation in five units, extensive workbook exercises, and a teacher manual with everything you need to successfully teach this course. First Form’s grammar-first approach focuses on grammar forms and vocabulary because those are the grammar stage skills suitable for the grammar stage student. However, the First Form series is for students of all ages because all beginners, regardless of age, are in the grammar stage of learning. Syntax (how to use the grammar) and translation are logic and rhetoric stage skills, respectively, and quickly overwhelm the student unless they are introduced at a slow, gentle pace and taught for mastery. First Form is the ideal text for all beginners, grades 5 & up, or is a great follow-up to Latina Christiana I. Now every school and homeschool can have a truly successful Latin program that creates Latin scholars rather than Latin drop-outs.

Third Form:

Latin Grammar: Year 3

Supplements (p. 21) Latin Grammar for the Grammar Stage The Book of Roots Lingua Angelica Roots of English FF Grammar Wall Charts



First Form Latin Student Text Sample

• Perfect system passive of 1st - 4th conjugations and -io verbs • 4th declension neuter nouns • 3rd declension adjectives of one and three terminations • Imperative mood, vocative case • Nine irregular adjectives • Regular and irregular comparison of adjectives and adverbs • Pronouns: 3rd person, demonstrative, intensive, reflexive • Active and passive subjunctive of 1st - 4th conjugations and -io verbs • Syntax: apposition adjectives used as nouns objective and partitive genitive subjunctive in purpose clauses, exhortations, deliberative questions

"It's so systematic, easy to use, and it ensures the success of the students ..." First Form Latin Set + DVDs & Flashcards $115.00


First Form Latin Set $55.00

Student Text $12.50

Workbook $15.00

Teacher Manuals $24.95

Quizzes & Tests $5.00

CD $4.95

DVDs $55.00

Flashcards $14.95

What’s Inside ... Student Text

• 34 two-page lessons on facing pages • Small, concise, unintimidating text in an attractive two-color format • Systematic presentation of grammar in five logical units • Appendices with English grammar, prayers, conversational Latin, vocab. index, & more!

Student Workbook

• 4-6 pages of exercises for each lesson • Exercises for practice and mastery • Grammar catechism for daily rapid-fire review

Teacher Manual

• Key to workbook & quizzes/tests • Copy of student book inset with comprehensive teaching instructions • Recitation schedule • Chalk Talk scripted lessons • FYI notes for teachers w/ limited background

Quizzes & Tests

• Reproducible weekly quizzes & unit tests

Pronunciation CD


• 3 discs, 9 hours (15-20 min./lesson) • Superb explanations • On-screen notes, illustrations, & diagrams • Recitations, Latin parties, & more!


• Vocabulary with derivatives • Latin sayings • Conjugations • Declensions

• Includes the pronunciation of all vocabulary, sayings, and grammar forms for each lesson

Second Form Latin Set + DVDs & Flashcards $115.00 Second Form Latin Set $55.00

Student Text $12.50

Workbook $15.00

Teacher Manuals $24.95

Quizzes & Tests $5.00

CD $4.95

DVDs $55.00

Flashcards $14.95

Quizzes & Tests $5.00

CD $4.95

DVDs $55.00

Flashcards $14.95

Third Form Latin Set + DVDs & Flashcards $115.00 Third Form Latin Set $55.00

Student Text $12.50


Workbook $15.00

Teacher Manuals $24.95




Grades 8+

An Ideal Latin Sequence Trivium Stage

Henle Latin: Advanced Christian Latin by Robert Henle

In the First Year text, a limited vocabulary of 500 words allows students to master grammar without being overwhelmed with large vocabulary lists. Repetitious Latin phrases and copious exercises produce mastery rather than frustration, and the mixture of Christian and classical content is appealing to students. *Note: Though Henle is considered a Catholic text, its superiority as a teaching resource and the outstanding benefits of its Christian perspective also make it appropriate for Protestants.

$42.45 Henle I Set (Text Set + Study Guide: Units 1-2) $28.45 Henle I Text Set (Text, Grammar, & Key) $16.95 $15.95 $15.95 $15.95 $9.50 $5.00

Henle I Text Henle II Text Henle III Text Henle IV Text Henle Grammar (used all 4 yrs.) Henle Key (specify I, II, III, or IV)


Latin Program

Primary Grammar Prep


*Prima Latina (Grades 1-4)

p. 13


*Latina Christiana I (Grades 3-6)

p. 17

Grammar Stage


*First Form Latin (Grades 5-12)

p. 18


Second Form Latin

p. 18


Third Form Latin

p. 18


Fourth Form Latin Lingua Angelica Gospel of Mark

p. 21 p. 39


*Henle Latin I and II


Henle II


Rhetoric Stage


Henle III


Read Latin literature


Henle IV or AP Virgil


Christian & Medieval Latin

Memorize the Latin grammar

Logic Stage How to use the grammar - syntax & translation skills

(syntax and Caesar prep.)

(Grades 8+)

p. 20 p. 20

or Ovid

p. 20 p. 20

*Beginning Programs

Supplements (p. 21)

The Book of Roots, Roots of English, Lingua Angelica, and Lingua Biblica


ホ容nle Latin I: Study Guides

(sample right)

Now available: Study guide for Units 6-14! New! Need a little more guidance on how to use Henle? Our student guides will tell the student what to do at every step of the way. Each is broken down into 30 weekly lessons with daily student activities. Detailed, thorough, and wellorganized, with check-off boxes for completed work, these guides will ease your transition into Henle. $14.95 ea.

Henle I Study Guide (Units 1-2) Henle I Study Guide (Units 3-5) Henle I Study Guide (Units 6-14)

$9.95 ea.

Online Academy

Henle I Test/Quiz Packet (Units 1-2) Henle I Test/Quiz Packet (Units 3-5) Henle I Test/Quiz Packet (Units 6-14) Beta!



Prima Latina Copybook New! New American Cursive Grades 1-4

If you love Prima Latina and New American Cursive, then you will love this book! Get ready to help your children practice their Latin while developing their penmanship skills. Includes a cursive vocabulary practice page from each Prima Latina lesson and a cursive Latin prayer practice page for each Prima review lesson.

Latin Copybook Cursive: Hymns & Prayers Grades 2+

Latina Christiana Review Worksheets New!


by Brenda Janke Grades 3-6

$9.95 Worksheets

These supplemental review worksheets will help your students master the grammar and vocabulary they are learning in Latina Christiana I. Each lesson has 1-2 pages of cumulative review, so your students get weekly reinforcement of review material as well as newly learned concepts.

Latin Grammar Wall Charts 33’’ x 17”


This copybook has simple, clean pages to provide handwriting practice. It starts with an introduction to forming letters and numbers. Then students move to classroom Latin followed by sayings and hymns from Latina Christiana and the First Form Latin series. While improving their handwriting, students will memorize timeless Latin sayings and beautiful hymns.

$5.00 Answer Key

$20.00 $20.00

Latina Christiana I & II (6 total) First Form (4 total)

Seeing grammar forms organized on wall charts is a great visual aid for Latin grammar students. They are also a great aid for teachers during Latin recitations. Our grammar charts are in a large easy-to-read format that help students see the organization of the Latin grammar at a quick glance.

Ludere Latine: Latin Word Games for Latina Christiana I & II by Paul O’Brien Grades 3+

$19.95 Ludere Latine I: Latin Word Games $19.95 Ludere Latine II: Latin Word Games $7.00 Additional Copies

These word game supplements are stuffed with enrichment activities to help your students learn the vocabulary, grammar, and derivatives presented in Latina Christiana. Students will spend hours of enjoyment playing Latin Hangman, Crosswords, Word Search, and competing against each other in Latin Pictionary!

Roots of English:

Latin and Greek Roots for Beginners by Paul O’Brien Grades 6-8

Latin Grammar for the Grammar Stage


In order to learn words with Latin and Greek roots and use them appropriately, a young student needs to understand the meanings of their roots, prefixes, and suffixes. Roots of English presents careful analysis of these word elements so that the student learns not only the modern meanings of the words, but also their underlying, ancient meanings. Most of the Latin roots covered in this book correspond to the Latina Christiana I Latin vocabulary set.


by Cheryl Lowe (All Ages)

A Latin grammar is a compendium of grammar forms and syntax in a systematic, concise, and easily accessible reference book. Designed specifically for students, Latin Grammar for the Grammar Stage includes all conjugations and declensions, plus a very basic introduction to Latin syntax (how to use the grammar). An essential resource for mastery and review, it can be used with the First Form series or any other Latin program.

The Book of Roots: Advanced Vocabulary

Lingua Biblica: Old Testament Stories in Latin

$19.95 Student

$19.95 Student

Building From Latin Roots by Paul O’Brien Grades 8+

(Translation Course) by Martin Cothran Grades 9+

$1.95 Key

The Book of Roots offers a comprehensive listing of derivatives for Latina Christiana I, along with Latin definitions, English derivatives, and etymology. There is also a section of weekly exercises that provide reinforcement. Ideal as a vocabulary roots course, this book also has significant practical appeal: it is an ideal standardized test prep book, training students to uncover the meanings of words by deciphering parts. A great resource for students who love words!

$19.95 Teacher

This is an exciting supplementary translation program based on the Vulgate. It provides a sampling of Bible story translations and exercises that will fortify the student’s knowledge of Latin vocabulary and grammar. A great companion to the Henle series, each lesson includes three levels of study. Level I has the easiest sentence translations. Level II includes more advanced sentence translations. Finally, Level III includes the entire translation with advanced exercises.

Lingua Angelica I & II: Latin Songs & Prayers (Translation Course) by Cheryl Lowe $39.95 $11.95 $16.95 $9.95

LA I Set (Student, Teacher, Song Book, & CD) LA I Student Book LA I Teacher Manual LA Songbook (used for LA I & II)

$11.95 LA Music CD (used for LA I & II) $11.95 LA II Student Book $16.95 La II Teacher Manual

Lingua Angelica covers 24 beautiful hymns sung by a six-voice Gregorian chant choir. Because hymns have shorter, simpler sentences and clearer word structure than most Latin literature, the Christian Latin in this course is ideal when beginning Latin translation. In both LA I and II, the student book provides vocabulary work, space for interlinear translation, and grammar word study exercises. The teacher manual has a complete copy of the student book (w/answers) as well as instructions on how to use the course, making the teaching easier.


Latin Supplements



he great books speak to us

Dr. Louise Cowan Dr. Cowan received her Ph.D. in 1953 from Vanderbilt University. She served for many years as the Graduate Dean and Chairman of the English Department at the University of Dallas, and as Director of its Institute of Philosophic Studies. She is a Founding Fellow of the Dallas Institute of Humanities and Culture, and the recipient of numerous awards, grants, and professorships.

This article used by permission of The Trinity Forum, which works to cultivate leaders through conversation and reflection about the classic writings of Western civilization.


of honor and love and sacrifice; but they do not always speak in familiar phrases. They do not tell us what we already know. Transcending current opinion and fad, through symbol and metaphor they reveal a clear and uncluttered access to the realities that determine our lives. Sometime back, when I was a young instructor teaching Hamlet to a freshman class, a few lines from the play struck me with peculiar force: “Not a whit; we defy augury,” Hamlet proclaims in response to his friend Horatio, who has cautioned him to call off a coming duel. Hamlet refuses and proceeds to make a rather strong profession of faith: “There is special providence in the fall of a sparrow,” he declares. “If it be now, 'tis not to come; if it be not to come, it will be now. If it be not now yet it will come. The readiness is all.” This mention of providence struck me as being in marked contrast with Hamlet's earlier anguished irony. It took on the aura of something momentous. What did Shakespeare intend his readers to think of so radical a turnabout? Did it not in fact imply that the author himself saw and understood the change wrought in Hamlet by faith? Yet my graduate professors and other scholarly authorities considered Shakespeare a nonbeliever—almost, it would seem, a freethinker. They agreed that he was a practical man, not in any sense an idealist. Hadn't his plays been composed for money, not for art? Certainly he could not have intended by them anything profound. Granted, they allowed, he was a genius: his comedies,

How Shakespeare's Hamlet Led Me Back to God

though light bits of froth, were charming; his tragedies, though nihilistic, were powerful. And as for his own outlook on life, most of them assumed, it was implied most cogently in King Lear, in the bitter speech of blinded old Gloucester: As flies to wanton boys are we to the gods; They kill us for their sport.

But in Hamlet I saw a new key to Shakespeare's work. Hamlet's quest for faith roused in me a kindred feeling. I remember going over the young prince's soliloquies, tracing the movement from his despairing “Oh that this too, too solid flesh would melt” to his meditative “To be or not to be,” and on to his affirmative “There's a divinity that shapes our ends, rough-hew them how we will.” At this moment I was standing at a crossroads. The Christian belief in which I had been reared had been seriously damaged during my college years and finally demolished—ironically—by a required course in religion that had brought about my complete capitulation. None of the biblical sources could be considered reliable, the experts of the day argued. And for me, once the seeds of doubt had been sown, the entire gospel was called in question. The account was surely a fable, enlarged and considerably embellished by a few followers—for what motive, it was hard to say. But belief in so strange and mysterious a tale asked for more credulousness than I was willing to grant. By the time I entered graduate school I had put aside the entire question of faith. But then, when reading Hamlet to my class, I saw incontestable evidence that Shakespeare—or his chief protagonist, at least—had come to rely on divine power. I pored over Hamlet several times during the ensuing months, each time finding further evidence of Shakespeare's spiritual outlook. And gradually it became apparent that his perspective was not simply spiritual, but overtly Christian. Sacrificial love was evident everywhere in his dramas. "Grace" was one of his key words; "evil" was its darker counterpart. His comedies in particular were virtual illustrations of themes and passages from Scripture. By today, of course, several scholars have come to acknowledge and even explore Shakespeare's Christian faith; but at that time my discovery seemed monumental. It meant recognizing the secularism of our day and discerning the bias of most scholars. And it started me on the process of reading all serious literature more closely. It was a year later, in teaching Dostoyevsky's The Brothers Karamazov, that I rediscovered Christ in his fullness—and came to see the urgency of his teachings. The resulting protracted study of Scripture and 1-877-862-1097

theology eventually led to my overt profession of faith. Before literature came to my aid, I had perused theology in vain. Even the Bible was unconvincing. Not until a literary work of art awakened my imaginative faculties could the possibility of a larger context than reason alone engage my mind. I had been expecting logical Aristotle wrote, proof of something one poetry is truer than was intended to recognize. What was needed was a history. Cut loose way of seeing. I had to be from the sagas of transformed in the way that literature transforms— personality and by story, image, symbol— the prescriptions of before I could see the factuality, poetry can simple truths of the Gospel. Above all else this witness to the timeless seems to me the chief and immortal. value of what we call the classics: they summon us to belief. They seize our imaginations and make us commit ourselves to the self-evident, which we have forgotten how to recognize. Four centuries of rationalism have led us to expect empirical evidence and logical coherence for any proposition. Even for the things ordinarily considered certain, we moderns require proof. In this state of abstraction, we are cut off from the fullness of reality. Something has to reach into our hearts and impel us toward recognition. Though there are other media for this impulsion, one of the most effective is what the ancients called poetry, meaning literature in general. Poetry is language used primarily to express universals; as Aristotle wrote, poetry is truer than history. Cut loose from the sagas of personality and the prescriptions of factuality, poetry can witness to the timeless and immortal. It elevates our consciousness so that we learn how to exercise discernment. And, as Hamlet declared, “the readiness is all.” If we are restored to ourselves and made ready, then we can begin to establish the kingdom of Christ in our The Great Books: own lives A Journey Through 2,500 and in those Years of the West's Classic Literature we touch. by Anthony O'Hear


How Shakespeare's Hamlet Led Me Back to God


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NLE Preparatory Course (Intro) --- NLE Preparatory Course (Level I)


7+ Traditional Logic I & II






Technical courses in music that focus on the tools you will need to create an original musical idea or improve an existing one. Fall

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Proximate genus:

ANIMAL Rational










Logical species:




Remote genus:




Remote genus:

BODY Living


Non-rational (brute)



ccording to the Porphyrian Tree, anything that exists is a substance. So SUBSTANCE (1) is shown at the top of the tree. But what kind of substances are there? Most generally, there are material substances (2) and non-material substances (3). Material substances are BODIES (4). Non-material substance consists of things like angels, and that’s all you can logically say about them. But there are two kinds of material substances. There are living material substances (5) and non-living material substances (6). Living material substances are ORGANISMS (7). Non-living material substances are things like rocks and different kinds of inert minerals, and that’s all you can logically say about them. Even more specifically, there are two kinds of living material substances. There are sentient living material substances (8) (living substances that have one or more of the five senses) and non-sentient living material substances (9). Sentient, living, material substances are ANIMALS (10). Non-sentient living material substances consist of plants, and that’s all you can logically say about them. Most specifically, there are different kinds of sentient, living, material substances. There are rational, sentient, living material substances (11) and non-rational, sentient, living, material substances (12). Rational, sentient, living, material substances are MEN (13). Nonrational, sentient, material substances consist of the beasts, and that’s all you can logically say about them.


How Not to Insult an Angel

by Martin Cothran



once got an e-mail from a friend who took me to task for something in my Traditional Logic text. I had said that angels are not rational. He thought this was a sort of insult to angels. Angels are indeed rational, he said, and to argue otherwise was to argue a non-Christian position. Is this true? Is it wrong to say that angels aren’t rational? Is the classical belief that angels are not rational at odds with historic Christianity? In my reponse to my friend, I explained that not only was it not an insult to angels to say they are not rational, but that it would be an insult to say they were. Here’s why. I had said that angels are not rational in my discussion of the Porphyrian Tree, the great ancient classification of all things. At the top, you have “Things” (Aristotle called them “Substances”), and below was how things are divided up—the different kinds of things. Things are divided up most fundamentally between material things and non-material things. The example traditionally given for a non-material thing is an angel: An angel exists. It is a substance. But it has no material body of any kind. Material things, on the other hand, get divided up into living material things (Plants), living things that have senses (Animals), and finally sentient, living things that are rational (Men). It was at this point that my correspondent had a problem. If rationality only comes into play for living material things that have senses, he argued, then that means that angels cannot be rational, since angels are not even material. But we know angels are rational, he argued. Therefore the Porphyrian Tree must be wrong. I pointed out that angels are not, in fact, rational beings. To be “rational” is to have to go through the several-step process of

deductive reasoning. Men are composite (or complex) beings and so we have to go to all the trouble of going from reasons for what we believe to what we believe. In deductive logic, you learn that an argument involves three separate statements. We need all of them in order to show to ourselves that what we believe makes logical sense. Let’s say I argue the following: All angels are non-material Gabriel is an angel Therefore, Gabriel is non-material

Every statement here is a step in the reasoning process. I know that Gabriel is non-material because I know that Gabriel is an angel and I know that angels are non-material. I know this only because I went through the steps. But angels don’t have to go through the steps. For a man, if A imples B, and B implies C, then—and only then—do we know that A implies C. But an angel doesn’t have to go to all this trouble. An angel does not have to think about A implying B and B implying C. He knows immidiately that A implies C. A rational being has to reason like this to go from one set of truths to another. Men have to do this because they are complex beings. We perceive things directly, but we do not understand truths directly. Our being is divided between perceiving and knowing. We are complex beings in the sense that we are perceivers and knowers, but we are not both at the same time. To know something as true, we have to take what we apprehend through our senses and fashion those things into rational steps so we can understand that truth. This is a lot of trouble, of course, and if you think it’s easy, just take a look at the Internet sometime to see how few people are able to do it correctly. But angels are very different. Angels are not complex beings. They are simple beings. They are not both perceivers and knowers, as men are. They are only knowers. They do not have to rely on sense at all, since they are not material beings. We men see truth “through a glass, darkly.” But angels see it directly. Because they are simple, they do not have to go through steps in the process of apprehending truth: it is immediately accessible to them without the necessity of reason. My friend was making the mistake of thinking that the only way you could apprehend the truth was through reason. And when I said angels were not rational, he heard me as saying that angels couldn’t apprehend truth—reason being the only way to apprehend truth.


But the nature of men is different from the nature of angels. His mistake was to think that angels needed reason to apprehend truth. They don’t. Their nature allows them to see truth directly, without the aid of reason. We are intermediate beings—intermediate between angels and animals. Man, said Gregory the Great, “senses in common with the brutes, and understands with the angels.” Like brutes, but unlike angels, we have senses. Like angels, but unlike brutes, we understand. But, unlike both angels and brutes, we reason. We know truths unnaturally, in a sense that our nature prevents us from knowing them directly. Angels know truths naturally, since it is in their nature to apprehend truth immediately. Humans, says St. Thomas Aquinas, “obtain their perfection in the knowledge of truth by a kind of movement and discursive intellectual operation; that is to say, as they advance from one known thing to another.” But angels don’t have to go through this process to a knowledge of truth, “because in the truths which they know naturally, they at once behold all things whatsoever that can be known in them.” My e-mail correspondent thought that saying that angels were not rational was a kind of slight. But if you look at why classical Christian thought said they were not rational, you would realize that this was not a slight at all. In fact, it is quite the opposite. Angels are not rational beings, but intellectual beings. To say that their intellection is rational, like humans, is not to defend the integrity of angels, but to unwittingly impugn it. To St. Thomas, rationality is a defect of the intellect, not any kind of perfection. To say that an angel is rational would be an insult to an angel, not a compliment.

Suggested Logic Timeline 3rd-6th 7th

Solid grounding in mathematics & Latin: Great preparatory skills for logical thought.

Traditional Logic I: A study of the basic elements of simple arguments.


Traditional Logic II: An advanced course that completes the study of the simple categorical syllogism, covers hypothetical syllogisms, and studies all complex argument forms.


Material Logic: A study of the 10 ways something can exist, the 5 ways of saying something about something else, definition, and classification.

10th 11th-12th

Informal Fallacies: A study of the ways in which argumentation can go wrong so the student can avoid it himself and point it out in the reasoning of others. *Text not yet published, but online course available. Classical Rhetoric: A study which incorporates logic into the broader context of persuasive communication.

*Students in 9th grade can complete both Traditional Logic books in one year. Material Logic and informal fallacies can be covered in one year in 10th grade.

How Not to Insult an Angel



Grades 7+

Traditional Logic by Martin Cothran Book I: An Introduction to Formal Logic Book II: Advanced Formal Logic Grades 7+

Traditional Logic I Set + DVDs $68.95

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The Traditional Logic program is an in-depth study of the classical syllogism. In Book I, students will gain a basic understanding of terms, statements, and simple categorical arguments. Book II completes the study of the simple categorical syllogism, advances to hypothetical syllogisms, and continues the study of logic by covering complex argument forms, great arguments from history, and case studies of great arguments. (Each book can be used as either a one-semester or one-year course.)

“This is the best exposition of Aristotelian logic I have yet seen aimed at homeschoolers ...” - Mary Pride Basic Logical Terms, Concepts, & Procedures • Truth, validity, soundness • The four logical statements • Major, minor, and middle terms • 4 ways statements can be opposite • 3 ways statements can be equivalent • Distribution of terms • The 7 rules for validity

Clear & Systematic Presentation • Daily exercises to ensure mastery • Example arguments • Historic argument case studies • Emphasis on language, not math

Traditional Logic I Set $31.90


Student Book $29.95

DVDs $45.00

Answer Key $1.95

Traditional Logic II Set + DVDs $68.95

A Variety of Learning Strategies

Traditional Logic II Set $31.90


Student Book $29.95

DVDs $45.00

• Clear and concise text explanations • Reading comprehension questions • Practical application • Creative invention

Advanced Concepts & Argument Forms (Book II) • Figure & mood in syllogisms • Syllogism reduction • Hypothetical reasoning • Chain arguments • The dilemma • The "oblique" syllogism

Material Logic: A Course in How to Think

by Martin Cothran Grades 9+

Answer Key $1.95

Material Logic I Set + DVDs $68.95

Online Academy

The principles of material logic, an important part of trivium language study, are now almost completely forgotten—a casualty of the almost exclusive modern secular emphasis on the quantitative sciences. This has resulted in the rise of systems of modern logic that are more math than logic. Formal logic was once termed minor (or lesser) logic, while material logic usually went by the name of major (or greater) logic—possibly a measure of how important classical thinkers considered it. There is a huge gap between formal logic courses and so-called “thinking skills” courses. Formal logic focuses exclusively on the systematic study of the structure of reasoning. “Thinking skills” courses, on the other hand, tend to suffer from a highly nonsystematic, topic-hopping approach, where the student is unable to see how one principle connects with another. Whether you want a follow-on course to Memoria Press’ popular Traditional Logic program, or simply an introduction to logic for high school students, this program is a valuable tool in teaching your student how to think.

Material Logic I Set $31.90


Student Book $29.95

DVDs $45.00


Answer Key $1.95

Logic Supplements Handbook of Christian Apologetics:

Socrates Meets Jesus: History’s Greatest



Hundreds of Answers to Crucial Questions by Peter Kreeft & Ronald Tacelli



Questioner Confronts the Claims of Christ by Peter Kreeft

Classical Rhetoric

Grades 9+

Classical Rhetoric Grades 9+

Online Academy

Classical Rhetoric with Aristotle is a guided tour through the first part of the greatest single book on communication ever written: Aristotle’s Rhetoric. With questions that will help the student unlock every important aspect of the book, along with fill-in-the-blank charts and analyses of great speeches, this companion text to Aristotle’s great work will send the student on a voyage of discovery from which he will return with a competent knowledge of the basic classical principles of speech and writing.

Classical Rhetoric Set + Supplements $140.00 Classical Rhetoric Set $94.95

Student Book $39.95

Answer Key $4.95


Required Strongly recommended

DVDs $55.00




What's Inside ...

This is more than just a course in English or public speaking. It involves a study of the fundamental principles of political philosophy, ethics, and traditional psychology. A student learns not only the elements of a political speech, but also the elements of good character; not only how to give a legal speech, but also the seven reasons people act; not only how to give a ceremonial speech, but what elicits specific emotions under particular circumstances and why.

How to Persuade

• The three elements of speechmaking • The difference between argument and persuasion • The four uses of rhetoric • The two kinds of persuasive proof • The three kinds of persuasive speech • The three modes of persuasion • The five topics of political rhetoric • The four forms of government • The nine virtues • The five legal means of persuasion • The seven reasons people do things • The 28 lines of argument • The nine ways rhetoric goes bad

Classical Rhetoric Text

• Sample weekly plan • Clear explanation of lesson components • Easy-to-read layout • Reading questions • Figures of speech • Evaluative & analysis questions • How to Read a Book questions • Case studies from Homer, Plato, Shakespeare, Lincoln, Marc Antony, and much more!

"Our study of logic led us to use Martin Cothran’s book on rhetoric ... Our oldest finished it last month and ate it up; he wants to study constitutional law and we are very happy with the foundation he has received because of Cothran’s materials." - Kendra F.

Rhetoric Supplements Aristotle's Rhetoric

edited by Edward Corbett

$3.50 This book contains the same Rhys Roberts translation of Aristotle's Rhetoric used in Classical Rhetoric. Selected because of its clarity and simplicity, its carefully chosen terminology distinguishes this translation from all others currently available. The text is broken down into three sections, each one dealing with the speaker, the audience, and the speech. Memoria's Classical Rhetoric studies the first two books.


How to Read A Book: A Classic Guide to Intelligent Reading by Mortimer Adler & Charles Van Doren

$16.99 How to Read a Book is a classic statement of the art of reading. By "art," we mean what classical thinkers meant by that term: namely, an organized, systematic method. It contains clear and useful instructions on how to determine what kind of book you are reading, the four levels of reading, and how to read different kinds of books. The author leads the student step by step through an excellent course in how to read. Through the Reading Exercises in Classical Rhetoric, all the principles learned in this book are applied directly to Aristotle's Rhetoric so students can see exactly how to use them.

Figures of Speech: 60 Ways to Turn a Phrase by Arthur Quinn

$29.95 This is one of the cleverest books we have ever come across. It presents 60 of the most common classical figures of speech and gives examples from classic literature of each. The quotations alone (many from the KJV Bible & Shakespeare) are worth the price of the book. This book is integrated into Memoria's Classical Rhetoric program through the Figures of Speech exercises at the beginning of each chapter.

Classical Rhetoric





How C.S. Lewis Became a Christian ...

— & of


Martin Cothran, a writer and teacher, is the director of the Classical Latin School Association, editor of the Classical Teacher magazine, and the author of Memoria Press' Traditional Logic, Material Logic, Classical Rhetoric, and Lingua Biblica.


The God of Men—& of Elves

From earliest times, Christians have argued about the role of pagan learning in Christian education. The debate has never gone away, but generally speaking, the church has preferred rather to use the learning of the pagans than to repudiate it.


n essential part of the classical Christian education that held sway in schools from the Middle Ages until fairly recent times was a familiarity with Greek and Roman mythology, a mastery of the history of these great civilizations, and an immersion in their literature. Medieval philosophers and theologians drank deeply from the well of philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle in their quest to make intellectual sense of and to articulate Christian truths. And Christian thinkers since then have not only availed themselves liberally of the classical heritage in history and literature, but have been on the vanguard of classical learning. There are many examples of contemporary Christian thinkers who have professed a debt to the learning of the ancients, but none is more well known than C. S. Lewis. Almost 50 years after his death, Lewis' writings are still among the most widely read and discussed Christian works. Virtually all of his books are in print, and many of them are still bestsellers. His works of Christian apologetics remain among the most lucid statements of Christian belief ever penned. Everything Lewis wrote bears the marks of a mind soaked and steeped in the classics of Greece, Rome, and Jerusalem—as well as the Anglo-Saxon and Teutonic cultures that mingled with the Biblical and classical cultures to produce English and American culture as we know it.

Everything Lewis wrote bears the marks of a mind soaked and steeped in the classics of Greece and Rome and Jerusalem — as well as the Anglo-Saxon culture.

But even many of Lewis’ most devoted readers do not know why Lewis became a Christian. It is a story that tells us much about the relationship between Christianity and the paganism it superceded.


n his book The Inklings, Humphrey Carpenter tells the story of an afterdinner walk Lewis took in September of 1931 with his friends J. R. R. Tolkien and Hugo Dyson on the grounds of Magdallen College, a part of Oxford. Lewis was a professor of Medieval and Renaissance literature there, and he invited the two fellow professors over to the college. After eating, the three men strolled along the banks of the River Cherwell, and the talk turned to mythology. Lewis was intimately familiar with the classical mythology of Greece and Rome, and was even more enamored of the Norse myths of Scandinavia and Iceland. Lewis believed these stories he admittedly loved to be lies, he told Tolkien, albeit beautiful lies— “lies and therefore worthless,” he said, “even though breathed through silver.” He was overcome by the beauty of the stories of the ancients. They appealed to the human imagination in a way that struck squarely at the heart. And he was familiar even then with the Gospel accounts in the New Testament, accounts which he had no doubt at least claimed to be historical: All I am in private life is a literary critic and historian, that’s my job. And I am prepared to say on that basis if anyone thinks the Gospels are either legend or novels, then that person is simply showing his incompetence as a literary critic. I’ve read a great many novels and I know a fair amount about the legends that grew up among early people, and I know perfectly well the Gospels are not that kind of stuff.

The problem for Lewis, however, was that, while myth harbored meaning and beauty ("Joy," he would later call it), it was not true. History, on the other hand, while true, harbored no meaning or beauty. But Tolkien protested. The myths were not lies, said the man who would later go on to write his own British mythology, published as The Silmarillion, from which he derived the stories that we now know as The Lord of the Rings. And as he said this, says Carpenter, a breath of wind blew through the leaves. “We held our breath,” Lewis later recalled.


Carpenter portrays Tolkien, his attention now turned toward the trees along the river, responding to Lewis by attacking the mechanistic mode of thought that Lewis espoused that saw the mythological view of the world as merely fantastic: To you, a tree is simply a vegetable organism, and a star simply a ball of inanimate matter moving along a mathematical course. But the first men to talk of ‘trees’ and ‘stars’ saw them very differently. To them the world was alive with mythological beings. They saw the stars as living silver, bursting into flame in answer to the eternal music. They saw the sky as a jeweled tent, and the earth as the womb whence all living things have come. To them, the whole of creation was “myth-woven and elf-patterned.”

Tolkien saw that there is more than just impersonal, mechanistic law behind the world, and that there was no problem reconciling the imagination and the intellect. But Tolkien had not finished. Because man was made in the very image of God, he argued, man is not ultimately a liar. He may pervert the things of God for his own ends, but he can never fully efface the image of God in him. He can never really be satisfied with lies. He can never escape who he really is. And for this reason, even the pagan myths retain a semblance of eternal truth, however corrupted. Ultimately, even in his imaginative creations, man is pulled back to the truths that answer to the call of his own true nature. But it was late, and so the three men returned to Lewis’ rooms, where the talk now turned specifically to Christianity. And it was at this point that the course of Lewis’ life changed forever.


fter sitting down and filling their pipes, Tolkien called Lewis’ notice to an interesting fact: the similarity of the Christian story to pagan mythology. If you look at the myths of pagan civilizations, they all seemed to have certain things in common. Late 19th century and early 20th century scholars like George Frazer and Otto Rank observed that there were certain mythological motifs that recurred across civilizations and across time: the Creation, the Flood, the Apocalypse. Joseph Campbell, the late 20th century writer, noted that all hero stories in all civilizations contain the same basic elements: a miraculous birth, a trial and quest, a descent into the underworld, a death and resurrection, and an ascension and apotheosis. George Lucas, an avid reader of Campbell, consciously included these elements in his Star Wars movies. All these scholars had differing theories about what Rank called the “baffling similarity” in these myths, but they all seemed to agree that the similarity of the pagan

The God of Men—& of Elves


myths to Christianity meant that Christianity was just another myth—perhaps more developed and advanced, but mythical (and unhistorical) just the same. The idea that Christianity was just another myth had been addressed by Chesterton a number of years before. In 1904, Chesterton had engaged in a public debate with the British atheist newspaper editor Robert Blatchford, in which he addressed this argument: Mr. Blatchford and his school point out that there are many myths parallel to the Christian story; that there were Pagan Christs, and Red Indian Incarnations, and Patagonian Crucifixions, for all I know or care. But does not Mr. Blatchford see the other side of the fact? If the Christian God really made the human race, would not the human race tend to rumours and perversions of the Christian God? If the centre of our life is a certain fact, would not people far from the centre have a muddled version of that fact? If we are so made that a Son of God must deliver us, is it odd that Patagonians should dream of a Son of God? The Blatchfordian position really amounts to this—that because a certain thing has impressed millions of different people as likely or necessary, therefore it cannot be true … I like paradox, but I am not prepared to dance and dazzle to the extent of [Blatchford], who points to humanity crying out for a thing, and pointing to it from immemorial ages, as proof that it cannot be there. The story of a Christ is very common in legend and literature. So is the story of two lovers parted by Fate. So is the story of two friends killing each other for a woman. But will it seriously be maintained that, because these two stories are common as legends, therefore no two friends were ever separated by love or no two lovers by circumstances? It is tolerably plain, surely, that these two stories are common because the situation is an intensely probable and human one, because our nature is so built as to make them almost inevitable.

Tolkien tried to disabuse Lewis of the notion that the mere similarity of the Christian story with pagan myths was a reason to reject the Christian story. Like Chesterton, he argued that the case was just the reverse. The first step in Tolkien's argument was to show that the Gospel stories themselves (stories Lewis already believed to be historical claims) were themselves mythical in their imaginative appeal. He compared the Gospel story in this respect with a particular kind of myth: the fairy tale. One of the things that distinguishes fairy tales from other myths, he argued, is something he called Consolation. Consolation is the joy of a happy ending. And the highest form of this Consolation is the kind of happy ending that surprises us. Tolkien coined his own term for this surprise happy ending: Eucatastrophe.


The God of Men—& of Elves

At the end of the traditional dramatic tragedy, the protagonist experiences a sudden turn for the worse: a catastrophe. But euchastrophe is different. It is, literally, “the good catastrophe, the sudden joyous ‘turn.’” In his later autobiography, Lewis himself gives an example of eucatastrophe from the story of Odysseus returning home after ten years to find his house filled with suitors accosting his wife. She had been stalling, hoping against hope for the return of her husband. But what can he do against the over 100 men who have occupied his home? Odysseus, disguised as a beggar, arrives back at his dining hall, takes up the bow of Iphitus hanging on his wall, strings it, and, to the surprise and shock of the suitors drinking his food and his wine, he slaughters them all. In Tolkien's own Lord of the Rings too, the journey of Sam and Frodo through Mordor and to the fires of Mt. Doom is perhaps the best example of eucatastrophe: Just as it seems that the entire quest has been in vain because of Frodo’s final decision, in the end, to keep the ring, Gollum steals it from him and unwittingly falls into the fire, destroying himself and the ring—and saving Middle Earth.


e don’t know exactly how the conversation went that night in Lewis’ rooms, but we know from the scraps of information given by both men that they discussed how the Christian gospel was the ultimate eucatastrophe, and a eucatastrophe that exceeded all others because of its historical truth. Tolkien articulates this in his essay, "On Fairy Stories," published some sixteen years later in a book that Lewis himself edited: The Gospels contain a fairy-story, or a story of a larger kind which embraces all the essence of fairy-stories. They contain many marvels—peculiarly artistic, beautiful, and moving: “mythical” in their perfect, self-contained significance; and among the marvels is the greatest and most complete conceivable eucatastrophe. But this story has entered History and the primary world; the desire and aspiration of sub-creation has been raised to the fulfillment of Creation. The Birth of Christ is the eucatastrophe of Man’s history. The Resurrection is the eucatastrophe of the story of the Incarnation. This story begins and ends in joy. It has pre-eminently the “inner consistency of reality.” There is no tale ever told that men would rather find was true, and none which so many sceptical men have accepted as true on its own merits. For the Art of it has the supremely convincing tone of Primary Art, that is, of Creation. To reject it leads either to sadness or to wrath.

But how did this answer Lewis’ objection? He had believed that fairy stories were meaningful but not real,

while history was real but not meaningful. How could these two things—the real and the meaningful—be brought together? Tolkien continues: It is not difficult to imagine the peculiar excitement and joy that one would feel, if any specially beautiful fairy-story were found to be “primarily” true, its narrative to be history, without thereby necessarily losing the mythical or allegorical significance that it had possessed. It is not difficult, for one is not called upon to try and conceive anything of a quality unknown. The joy would have exactly the same quality, if not the same degree, as the joy which the “turn” in a fairy-story gives: such joy has the very taste of primary truth. (Otherwise its name would not be joy.) It looks forward (or backward: the direction in this regard is unimportant) to the Great Eucatastrophe. The Christian joy, the Gloria, is of the same kind; but it is preeminently (infinitely, if our capacity were not finite) high and joyous. But this story is supreme; and it is true. Art has been verified. God is the Lord, of angels, and of men—and of elves. Legend and History have met and fused.

Chesterton once said that Christianity was the "fulfillment of paganism," an expression which strikes the Christian ear wrong. Christianity has faced two Nemeses: the idolization of the intellect, which we see in modern secular rationalism, and the idolization of the imagination, which we see in ancient paganism. The answer, however, is to see that Christianity is the fulfillment both of man's intellectual and imaginative quests. The apostle John says in his Gospel that Jesus was the logos, a reference to the underlying principle of the cosmos which philosophers had been seeking since before Socrates. Lewis would realize this


as well. But it was Tolkien who made him realize that, in addition to Christ's fulfilling man's search for the True, He was also the fulfillment of man's search for the Beautiful— and that, in fact, they culminate in the same thing. Christianity was a true myth—a story with all the meaning and beauty of a myth, but, unlike the other myths, it was one that had actually happened in history. The myths themselves, a testimony not to history but to human desire, were pointers to the culmination of history in the Gospel story.


arpenter relates that Tolkien left his rooms, and that he and Dyson continued to talk until 4:00 a.m. In his autobiography, Lewis related his acceptance of God two years earlier. But this was a conversion “only to theism, pure and simple,” he had said, “not to Christianity.” But twelve days after saying goodbye to Tolkien and Dyson at Magdalen College, Lewis wrote to his friend Arthur Greeves: "I have just passed on from believing in God to definitely believing in Christ—in Christianity." Lewis came not only to accept, but embrace Tolkien's view of Christianity as a true myth. And it was through this that, in his own mind, the True and the Beautiful "met and fused."

Climbing Parnassus:

A New Apologia for Greek and Latin by Tracy Lee Simmons


The God of Men—& of Elves


Christian Studies

Grades 3-12

Christian Studies IV

A Chronological Overview of the Bible Grades 6-8


Christian Studies BEST BUY!

Grades 3-6


Christian Studies Set

(The Golden Children's Bible + Books I-III: Student & Teacher Guides)

Book I: All Major Bible Stories up to the Entry Into Canaan $17.95 Book I Student Book $20.95 Book I Teacher Manual

Book II: The Rise and Fall of Israel, the Period of the Prophets

$17.95 $20.95

Christian Studies IV Student Book Christian Studies IV Teacher Manual

Christian Studies IV takes students back through the highlights of the Bible, reviewing drill questions, Scripture memory passages, and more! This study guide can serve as a review course for Christian Studies I-III or stand alone as a survey study of the Bible. We give you the Scripture passages where the answers to the drill questions can be found so that you can read through the Bible by touching on the major stories and characters. This course is a great preparation for studying early church history in the upper school years.

$17.95 Book II Student Book $20.95 Book II Teacher Manual

City of God

Book III: All Major New Testament Stories $17.95 Book III Student Book $20.95 Book III Teacher Manual This three-year series thoughtfully guides your child through The Golden Children's Bible, teaching him/her the fundamentals of Bible stories, history, and geography, with solid detail at a manageable pace. Students do not merely skim the surface; they embark on a three-year Bible reading course that builds faith by teaching Salvation History as real history. Using these guides, your student will be well prepared for the good work of advanced Christian studies. Students work through one third of The Golden Children's Bible in each year. The Student Book offers 30 lessons, each comprised of: • Weekly memory verses • Map and timeline work • Review lessons and tests every 5 lessons • Comprehension, drill, and discussion questions • References The Golden Children's Bible page numbers as well as actual Scripture references

The Teacher Manual offers: • Insight and background information for each lesson • Additional discussion, composition, or research prompts • Helpful notes for the teacher

The Golden $17.95 Children's Bible "I love the way it is written, and the pictures keep my 4-year-old's attention." - Kim This book was chosen because of its slightly simplified, but poetically appealing King James text along with its beautiful, accurate, and age-appropriate illustrations. This is important because we believe students should learn to revere the Bible as a sacred book, distinct from stories with cartoon heroes.


Christian Studies


Grades 10-12

$17.95 City of God Student Guide Beta! $20.95 City of God Teacher Guide Beta! $13.95 City of God (Ed. by Vernon J. Bourke) The City of God, arguably Augustine's greatest book, influenced Western society more powerfully than perhaps any other book except the Bible. To study the City of God is to study the source of some of Western society’s greatest and most cherished beliefs. The book serves as the cultural fountainhead of all that followed, and it is unlikely that it will ever be equaled. The study guide aids students in comprehending Augustine's masterpiece. The teacher guide contains helpful chapter summarizations as well as a thorough introduction to teaching this course effectively. Don't let your students miss the study of this influential book that helped to shape some of the most important intellectual, theological, and political issues of the Western world that are just as relevant today as 1,500 years ago.

Christian Studies Suggested Timeline Grade 3rd +

Program Christian Studies I: a study of all major Bible stories in the Torah using The

Golden Children's Bible

4th +

Christian Studies II: a study of the rise and fall of Israel and the prophets

5th +

Christian Studies III: a study of all major Bible stories in the New Testament

6th +

Christian Studies IV: an overview of the entire Bible, reviewing stories, drill

7th +

The Ancient World (Dorothy Mills): a study of the ancient religions

8th +

Eusebius, Early Christian Writings, and the Book of Acts: a

10th +

City of God: an in-depth study of Augustine's masterpiece

of the Old Testament using The Golden Children's Bible

(with a concentration on the Gospels) using The Golden Children's Bible

facts, and Scripture learned in Christian Studies I-III

of the Egyptians, Hittites, Phoenicians, Babylonians, and Assyrians to the revelation of Yahweh to the Hebrew people

study of early Christian history taught through primary sources written by Luke, Ignatius, Clement, Eusebius, and more

Classical Studies

Grades 3-8

Famous Men of Rome

D'Aulaires' Greek Myths

Grades 4-8

Grades 3-8

Famous Men of Rome is ideal for beginners of all ages who are fascinated by the action and drama of Rome. Online Inside are 30 stories, covering all of ancient Rome’s Academy history, from its founding to its demise. Your child will witness the rise and fall of a great civilization through the lives of larger-than-life figures.

$45.95 Greek Myths Set (Student, Teacher, Text)

$18.95 Greek Myths Text $17.95 Greek Myths Student Guide $17.95 Greek Myths Teacher Guide

This is an ideal beginning book for your child’s classical education journey, regardless of age! Superbly written and illustrated, this classic introduces timeless tales that have enchanted people for thousands of years. Because they are everywhere in Western art and literature, Greek myths are the essential background for a classical education. You can hardly read Shakespeare without them! Online Academy

*To upgrade your old copy of this book to the new color edition, contact us at 877-862-1097.

Famous Men of the Middle Ages Grades 5-8

The story of the Middle Ages is told through the lives of Attila the Hun, Charlemagne, William the Conqueror, Online Edward the Black Prince, and Joan of Arc, among Academy others. This course guides students through the turbulent “dark age” of history and illustrates the transition from the end of ancient times to the birth of the modern era.

Each of the 30 lessons in the Student Guide presents important facts to know, vocabulary, comprehension questions, and a picture review and activities section. It also points out the many references to Greek mythology in the modern world.

Famous Men Study Guides:

(A perfect precursor to Famous Men of Modern Times.)

The Famous Men study guides include famous quotes, key people and places, vocabulary words, comprehension questions, and activities that include mapwork, discussion questions, and research projects. These programs also come with an appendix of supplements, including ancient maps, timelines, drill questions, and drawing pages. BEST BUY!

Grades 5-8

If the Romans were history’s great men of action, the Greeks were history’s great men of thought. Dive into the Online lives and minds of thirty-two famous Greeks Academy through stories detailing the rise, Golden Age, and fall of Greece. The triumphs of Aristotle, Ptolemy, Ulysses, Pericles, Alexander the Great, and many others will enable your students to understand why the scope of Greek accomplishment is still known today as “The Greek Miracle.”

Famous Men Set $39.95

(Rome, the Middle Ages, Greece, or Modern Times)

Textbook $16.95 New

Famous Men of Greece

Student Guide $17.95

Famous Men of Modern Times

Teacher Guide $17.95

Grades 6-8

Classical Studies Flashcards:

12.95 ea. Choose from: Greek Myths, Greece, Rome, or the Middle Ages

Our new flashcard sets will enable your child to memorize and master the basic facts about Greece, Rome, and the Middle Ages, as well as Greek mythology. Keyed to our study guides, each set has 100 cards, each with an important fact. On one side is the question, and on the other is the answer. Your student will quickly master all the basic knowledge needed for advanced study in classical studies.


Modern history—history, that is, after the fall of Constantinople in 1453—can sometimes seem like a confusing jumble Online of unrelated events. As a result, many curricula Academy needlessly avoid this exciting period of history. Memoria Press’ Famous Men of Modern Times will bring the events of the last 500 years to life. These stories provide great insight into the foundations of the modern world. Balanced and well-written, with many interesting details and beautiful color illustrations, Famous Men of Modern Times is perhaps Haaran and Poland’s best work.

Classical Studies


Classical Studies

Grades 6+

The Trojan War

The Divine Comedy

Grades 6-8

The best preparation we have found for reading Homer, this study guide set was written to be used with Olivia Coolidge's The Trojan War, our favorite retelling of Homer's Iliad and Odyssey. Each study guide lesson has reading notes, vocabulary, comprehension questions, and an enrichment section that includes extra discussion topics, writing projects, art, and map work. After studying The Trojan War with our study guide, your student will know Homer's main characters, the gods and goddesses, and the main storyline of the Iliad and Odyssey. $24.90 $11.95 $12.95 $6.95

The Trojan War Set (Student Guide & Teacher Guide) The Trojan War Student Gd. The Trojan War Teacher Gd. The Trojan War (Olivia Coolidge)

The Iliad and the Odyssey Grades 7+

Western civilization begins with the Iliad and Odyssey. This study guide includes both of Homer's books within one guide, based on the Samuel Butler translation. This is a perfect place to start your study of the Great Books. Our Teacher Guide has the student pages inset with the answers, and each lesson has teacher notes around the inset student pages, giving the teacher all the background information needed to teach these books. This study guide will help bring Homer’s great works alive for your student. $33.90 $16.95 $16.95 $19.95

Iliad & Odyssey Set (Student Guide & Teacher Guide) Iliad & Odyssey Student Gd. Iliad & Odyssey Teacher Gd. Iliad & Odyssey (Samuel Butler translation)

The Aeneid

Grades 8+

There are three works that are at the source of Western culture: the Iliad, the Odyssey, and the Aeneid. After you have completed your study of Homer, the Aeneid is your next logical Great Book to study. Virgil's epic story of the founding of Rome will come alive when read with the help of our study guide as you continue your quest to master the classics. After reading Homer and Virgil, your students will have completed their first big step on the road to being classically educated! This is a great preparation for Latin AP Virgil also. $16.95 The Aeneid Student Gd. $16.95 The Aeneid Teacher Gd. $12.00 The Aeneid (David West translation)


Classical Studies

Grades 10+

Upon the literary foundation of the West laid by the hands of Homer and Virgil sits a cathedral. That cathedral is Dante Alighieri’s Divine Comedy. One of the crown jewels of both Western and Christian literature, the Comedy is an epic, allegorical poem accounting Dante’s spiritual journey of redemption that takes him through the pit of Hell (the Inferno) to the Beatific Vision of God (the Paradiso). The Comedy is necessary to any classical curriculum, for it is the union of two traditions, both Christian and classical. Let us be a Virgil (Dante’s guide in the Comedy) as we help guide your older student with helpful study questions, reading notes for difficult lines, and tests and quizzes for mastery. Let us also introduce your student to a great book meant to be read for a lifetime. $16.95 Divine Comedy Student Gd. $16.95 Divine Comedy Teacher Gd. $20.00 The Divine Comedy (John Ciardi translation)


Dorothy Mills Histories Grades 6+

The Book of the Ancient World The Book of the Ancient Greeks The Book of the Ancient Romans Beta! The Middle Ages Beta! Dorothy Mills wrote some wonderful history books in the 1920s that Memoria Press is proud to bring back into publication—with added illustrations! One invaluable feature of these books is their use of primary sources from some of history’s major writers such as Herodotus, Aeschylus, Thucydides, Homer, Cicero, Plutarch, Livy, and more. This makes them a great preparation for reading these authors in high school. We wrote study guides to go with Mills' books so that you can have a total classical history curriculum in the middle and/or high school years (see Classical Studies Map on next page). Our study guides contain reading notes, vocabulary, comprehension questions, enrichment activities, maps, and tests. $39.95 Complete Set

(Choose one: Ancient World, Ancient Greeks, Ancient Romans)

$17.95 Student Guide (each) $17.95 Teacher Guide (each) $16.95 Text (each)

Classical Studies Map

memoria press recommended curriculum agenda If you don't begin your classical education until middle or high school, it is never too late! We would suggest that you start with Year 5 of our Classical Studies Map and move forward from there. Before beginning your study of the classics, it is always helpful if your student has a basic knowledge of Greek mythology (D'Aulaires' Book of Greek Myths [p. 37]) and has read a retelling of the Trojan War (Olivia Coolidge's The Trojan War [p. 38]). Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

Year 7

The Iliad & the Odyssey

The Aeneid

The Divine Comedy

Book of the Ancient Romans

City of God

The History of the Church

Ten Plays by Euripides

Famous Men of Greece

The Trojan War The Book of the Ancient World

D'Aulaires' Greek Myths

Famous Men of Rome

Famous Men of the Middle Ages

BETA testing now!

Horatius at the Bridge The Book of Ancient Greece

Ancient Civilization Wall Maps $35.00 $19.95

For All Ages!

Large Wall Maps (24'' x 33'') Small Wall Maps (11'' x 17'')

Make the ancient civilization stories come alive on your classroom walls. These color wall maps are perfect for any classical education classroom. Each set includes individual maps of Greece, Italy, the City of Rome, and the Roman Empire. These maps contain all the hot spots in the classical world, including the famous cities, countries, rivers, lakes, mountains, and oceans.

Early Christian Writings

The Oresteia

Gospel of Mark Three Theban Plays

Introduction to Classical Studies Guide

(Guide only)


Grades 3-6

Your passport to a classical education, this course is based on the teaching and classroom experience of Cheryl Lowe's cottage school classes. Designed for use with D'Aulaires' Book of Greek Myths, Famous Men of Rome, and The Golden Children's Bible, this guide will show you how to teach, learn, and master the stories that are fundamental to a classical education. The guide contains a three-year reading plan.

$77.80 Introduction to Classical Studies Set (Intro. to Classical Studies Guide,

Horatius at the Bridge:

All-in-one Poem Study Guide & Test Grades 6+


Our study guide contains the complete text and a comprehensive study guide, including glossed vocabulary, maps, character and plot synopses, meter, comprehension questions, teaching guidelines, and a test. It takes about 15 minutes for a student to recite this ballad from memory, and this year fourteen 6th graders at Highlands Latin School won the Winston Churchill Award for performing this amazing feat.

Famous Men of Rome text, D'Aulaires' Greek Myths book, The Golden Children's Bible)


Classical Studies


Very often we call something modern because we do not know what is ancient.


Fulton J. Sheen Bishop Fulton J. Sheen, a prolific author, speaker, and writer, has been one of the most celebrated churchmen of this century. He wrote some sixty books, and his radio and television programs drew an audience of thirty million listeners. His other popular books include his Marian classic, The World's First Love, and his autobiography, Treasure in Clay.

This article was taken from Life is Worth Living by Ignatius Press.

any so-called "modern" ideas are really old errors with new labels. We owe a greater debt to the past than is generally recognized. The waters of ancient cultures are constantly washing our shores. One of the greatest epic poets who ever lived was Homer, whom Plato called the educator of the Greeks. Homer wrote two great works, one called the Iliad and the other the Odyssey. The Iliad ends with the story of a defeated king, and the Odyssey with the story of a sorrowful woman. The first poem ends with a beautiful tribute paid to Hector as one of the greatest of Trojan heroes. In the other poem, the Odyssey, which is concerned with Odysseus traveling about the world, there is the story of his wife, who was courted by many suitors. She said that when she finished weaving a particular garment, she would then decide on a suitor. The suitors did not know that each night Penelope undid the stitches that she put in during the daytime and thus remained faithful to Odysseus until he returned. Great classical scholars have wondered why Homer threw into the current of literature the story of a king who was made great in defeat and a woman glorious in sadness and tragedy. Greek philosophy was concerned with answering this question. As Chesterton put it, "The role of Hector anticipates all the defeats through which our race and religion were to pass." It was impossible for all the Greek philosophers to understand how there could be victory in defeat, how there could be nobility in suffering. There was really no answer given to this problem until the day of Calvary. Over five hundred years before the Christian era lived the great dramatist Aeschylus, who wrote Prometheus Bound. Prometheus is pictured as bound to a rock because he had stolen fire from Heaven. An eagle comes and devours his entrails—a symbol of modern man, whose heart is being devoured, not by an eagle, but by anxiety and fear, neuroses and psychoses. For these thousands of years mankind had been yearning for some kind of deliverance; that aspiration found its answer in the speech of Hermes to Prometheus, "Look not for any end, moreover, to this curse, until some God appears to accept upon his head the pangs of thy own sins vicarious."


The Yearnings of the Pre-Christian World

In the second dialogue of Alcibiades one reads that as Alcibiades was about to go into the temple, he came to Socrates, the wise man, and said, "What shall I ask of the gods?" And Socrates said, "Wait! Wait for a wise man who is to come, who will tell us how we are to conduct ourselves before God and man." Alcibiades said, "I am ready to do all He desires. When will He come?" Socrates said, "I know not when, but I know that He also desires your good." But Greek literature was not alone in picturing man craving for another wisdom than that of earth and another relief from inner misery than that given by man alone.


he Eastern people had it too. The ancient Hindus sacrificed a lamb to Ekiam as they prayed, "When will the Savior come? When will the Redeemer appear?" Their avatars were not incarnations, but rather a descent of deities to the realm of man, such as Krishna, a deity who visited humanity, Bhagavad-Gita, who became a brother to all men, and Brahma, who was often pictured as one who would repair the faults of Kaliga, the ancient serpent. Confucius in his Morals continued this universal craving for a Savior when he wrote, "The Holy One must come from heaven who will know all things and have power over heaven and earth." On dying Buddha said, "I am not the first Buddha who came upon earth, nor shall I be the last. I will die, but Buddha will live, for Buddha is Truth. The Kingdom of truth will increase for about five hundred years .... In due time another Buddha will arise, and he will reveal to you the self-same eternal truth which I have taught." His disciple Ananda asked, "How shall we know him?" Buddha answered, "The Buddha who will come after me will be known as Maitreya, which means, 'He whose name is Love.'" Roman civilization struck the same chord, for all humanity is one. After answering that philosophy based on self-sufficiency was not sufficient, they craved for some inner purification; this prompted them to develop mystery religions. These cults led to many excesses, but their subjective dispositions were right, inasmuch as they saw man must have mystery as well as philosophy. Cicero, the great orator, quotes a sibyl as saying, "A King will come who must be recognized to be saved." Then Cicero asks, "Of what man and of what time did the sibyl speak?" In Latin, his question was, In quem hominem? "Was that question answered by another Roman?" Ecce Homo!: "Behold the Man."



uetonius, in his life of Augustus, continued the traditional aspiration. "Nature has been in labor to bring forth a man who would be King of the Romans." The Senate was disturbed by this general expectation and passed a law forbidding anyone to let live a male child that year. The order was not executed because many of the senators' wives were with child. But it did show how much the ancient air was filled with a hushed expectancy that some great King was coming to the world. Tacitus confirmed this in his History: "Mankind is generally persuaded that the ancient prophecies of the East will prevail, and it will not be long until Judea would bring forth one who would rule the universe." Virgil's eclogue answers, "No, the golden age is here," for in the year 31 B.C. he wrote the "Fourth Eclogue" to honor Augustus. This poem has through the centuries been looked upon as Messianic, and recent studies at Oxford favor that judgment. Iam nova progenies caelo demittitur alto. "Already a new generation is being sent down from high heaven." Virgil lived in a world which gave no great dignity to woman. Yet in this poem, after describing the "promise of a Jove about to be" and the child as yet unborn, the last four lines speak to the child as already born. Incipe, parve puer, risu cognoscere matrem. "Begin, little child, to recognize your mother with a smile."


nd now, as these expectations multiply, the greatest of them all is the Hebrew. The Hebrew civilization was destroyed by the King of Babylon in the year 586 B.C. He had taken back with him into Babylon one who was called the wisest and the most handsome of the Jews, Daniel. The King had a dream one night that neither he nor any of his aides could interpret. In the dream he saw a great and tremendous colossus. The head was of gold, the breast and arms were of silver, the belly and thighs were of brass, and the feet were part iron and part clay. And then great stones hewn from the mountains without hands came from the mountains, struck it in the feet of clay, and ground it into dust. Since his own sages could not tell the meaning, Daniel was summoned by the King to interpret the dream: "These are the kingdoms that will divide the world until the coming of the expected One of the world." "The empire of gold," he said, "is you. You will fall and be devoured by the empire of silver; the empire of silver will, in its turn, be conquered by the empire of brass; and the empire of brass will go down before the empire of iron and clay." In the year 538 B.C., the Medes and Persians came to this great city of Babylon, which was sixteen miles square, with sixteen gates of solid bronze giving

The Yearnings of the Pre-Christian World


entrance to it. Cyrus turned aside the waters of the Euphrates, which ran through the center of the city, and went into it under the walls in the dry bed of the river. That night Baltazaar was slain, and the empire of gold was taken over by the empire of silver. Then there arises a new power—the empire of brass. Trained in their games, knowing where to hazard and when to abandon, the Greeks now arose to swallow up the Persians, as the Persians had swallowed the Chaldeans. Greece could not bear the thought of being subdued by Asia. Every Greek prepared to defend his liberty, and the only dispute among them was who should do more for the public. Then arose the great Alexander of the Greeks. Brave as Darius III was, he could not stop either the genius or the arms of the great Greek, who carried his conquests into every land of the Persians, and at thirty-three years of age was destined to The new science show the vanity of all earthly glory. Sighing for new worlds pictured the world to conquer, he little suspected through a new that, at that age, the one world analogy. Before left to conquer and the only Galileo and Isaac one worth conquering, was the next. He died without Newton, the world leisure to settle his affairs and was seen as like an left his ambition to a simpleton organism. It would brother. It was the first great war between Europe and Asia. now be seen as like The beasts of paganism a machine. were devouring one another. The last great empire which God prepared now was ready to appear on the stage of the world's history. It was the mightiest of all! Rome, the empire of iron, looked to Greece and Carthage as its prey. Rome's screaming eagles went to war. Dragging her ponderous battering rams like chains, shaking the earth like marching mountains, her unbridled horses darting like hawks, the Romans moved on, while there came from ten thousand times ten thousand throats the cry of hate: Delenda est Carthago! (Carthage must be destroyed!) Rome under Scipio went to battle, and Carthage fell finally in 146 B.C. as nothing has fallen since Satan fell from Heaven. Rome became supreme. With her arms of iron, she crushed the agonizing kingdoms of the world, one after another. The world was at peace. There was nothing more to conquer. The Temple of Janus, which was kept open to pray for success in war and which was closed only twice in seven hundred years, was now closed again. Perhaps its doors were clogged with the dead bodies of its citizens. In any case, the world was at peace, and it was prophesied the King of Men would be born when the world no longer bore arms or went to battle.


The Yearnings of the Pre-Christian World

Caesar Augustus, now that the world was at peace, resolved to take a census of the greatest empire the world had ever known. In the great hall of his palace by the Tiber, he was casting up the accounts of the nations of the earth. Before him stretched on a frame was a chart labeled laconically: Orbis terrarum—Imperium Romanum. "The circle of the earth—the Roman Empire." A careful and thrifty man was Augustus, the Caesar of the earth. No one should escape the census, for Rome was the mistress of all. From the western ocean to the Persian plains, from the frozen north to the edge of the southern desert, the list went out from his hand to every sweating governor and satrap and tetrarch and king. The world is to be brought to unity. The human race had only one capital: Rome; one master: Caesar; one language: Latin. Morally the world was one in its sin and corruption; materially it was one, for it had reached the highest peak of organization and unity. There are no longer Medes or Persians, no longer Scythians or barbarians, no longer Greeks or Babylonians. There are only Romans; there are only men. Nations were not awaiting a king, but rather mankind was awaiting a king. Little did the bookkeeper of the Tiber know that he was aiding in the fulfillment of the Jewish prophet Micheas that the "Expected of the Nations" would be born in Bethlehem. The census notice was finally posted in the little village of Nazareth that a carpenter might read it—he who belonged to the defunct royalty of the family of David, whose city was Bethlehem. He and his espoused wife, Mary, journeyed to Bethlehem. There rings out over the softness of the evening breeze a cry, a gentle cry, the cry of a newborn baby. The sea could not hear the cry, for the sea was filled with its own voice. The great ones of the earth could not hear the cry, for they could not understand how God could be greater than a man. Wise men came from the East, perhaps Persia. They saw the Babe—a Babe whose tiny hands were not quite long enough to touch the huge heads of the cattle, and yet hands that were steering the reins that keep the sun, moon, and stars in their orbits. Shepherds came, and they saw baby lips that did not speak, and yet lips that might have articulated the secret of every living man that hour. The Babe could not walk, because those baby feet could not bear the weight of Divine Omnipotence. Eternity is in time; Omnipotence in bonds; God in the form of man. The yearnings of Buddha, of Confucius, of Aeschylus, of Virgil, of Socrates, of Plato—all were now realized in a Child in the stable. Incipe, parve puer. "Begin, little Child, to recognize Thy mother with a smile."

American/Modern Studies

Grades 3-8


The Story of the Thirteen Colonies and the Great Republic Grades 5-8

We have looked, and we cannot find an American history study on a grammar school level that we think rivals H. A. Guerber's 2-volume American history set from the turn of the 20th century. So, rather than settle for lesser quality, we have combined Guerber's The Story of the Thirteen Colonies and The Story of the Great Republic into one edited volume that makes it a perfect one-year survey of American history for the middle school years.

NEW! Our new study guide for this course includes

important facts, vocabulary, and comprehension questions for each chapter, as well as enrichment activities such as mapwork, drawings, research, writing assignments, and more!

States & Capitals Grades 3-6

This study guide thoroughly teaches the states and capitals of the United States. Each state is given a 2-page spread that includes a map with room to write the state capital, nickname, abbreviation, and fun facts about the state. By the end of this year-long course, students will be able to label all 50 states on a U.S. map (with the capitals). Thorough teaching instructions are included, and there is a teacher key available with tests. We recommend that this guide be used with Don’t Know Much About the 50 States. $30.00 $11.95 $12.95 $7.99

Complete Set (student, teacher, Don't Know Much About the 50 States) States & Capitals Student Guide States & Capitals Teacher Guide Don't Know Much About the 50 States


The Middle East, North Africa, and Europe

$16.95 Text $17.95 Student Study Guide $17.95 Teacher Guide Note: The 200 Questions About American History Guide is now included in the Guerber study guide or may be purchased separately for $14.95.

The Artner Reader's Guide to American History Grades 3-8

The Artners have read and researched, selected and catalogued, the best of children’s American history books—both in and out of print. There is no chaff to sift through here. When you read their descriptions of some of the great writers of American history for children, you will be as excited as we were.

Grades 4+

A unique geography program designed for students pursuing a classical education, Geography of Europe, Northern Africa, and the Middle East covers the area that constituted the ancient Roman Empire. Each region is explored in its historical context in “History’s Headlines” as well as in the present in “Tour of Today.” Your student will learn countries and capitals of today and relate them to the ancient lands of the Greeks and Romans, deepening his understanding of both the past and the present. $14.95 Geography I Text $11.95 Geography I Workbook $12.95 Geography I Teacher Guide

The United States

$23.90 Set (Artner Guide + Everything You Need to Know

About American History Homework)

Grades 3-8

This book is a desk reference guide that provides charts, maps, timelines, and short summaries of important facts about American history. It makes a perfect companion alongside Guerber’s The Story of the Thirteen Colonies and the Great Republic. It is a valuable resource for American history throughout your school years. $9.99

Everything You Need to Know About American History Homework



Review of Memoria Press' States & Capitals (shown above)

$14.95 Artner Reader's Guide to American History

Everything You Need to Know About American History Homework


Grades 4+

This study guide will help students retain the knowledge they gained in their study of States & Capitals by reviewing each region of the U.S. four times throughout the school year. This review takes very little time and makes a great companion to Geography: The Middle East, North Africa, and Europe. $5.00 $7.95 New

United States Student Workbook United States Teacher Key, Quizzes, & Tests


Complete Geography Set (Geography I Text, Workbook, and Teacher Guide + United States Review Workbook & Teacher Key)

American/Modern Studies


Passing on the culture of the Christian West ...

CLSA Partner Schools ... Highlands Latin School Louisville, KY 2800 Frankfort Ave., Louisville, KY 40206 502-895-5333

Indianapolis, IN 1010 E. 126th Street, Carmel, IN 46033 317-519-5501

Paducah, KY 701 Broadway, Paducah, KY 42001 270-519-7708

Lexington Latin School 483 W. Reynolds Road, Lexington, KY 40503 859-223-1927

Auburn Classical Academy 445 Shelton Mill Road, Auburn, AL 36830 334-821-7081

Gulf Pointe Academy 8851 Navarre Parkway, Navarre, FL 32566 850-547-6729

The Pharr Oratory & the Oratory Athenaeum 1407 W. Moore Rd., Pharr, TX 78577-6700 956-781-3056

The Newman Institute of the Oratory Nogales 305 Colonia Jardín C.P. 88670 Cd. Reynosa, Tamaulipas, Mexico 01 (899) 925-2223

High Country Latin School, Anza Community Hall, 56630 Hwy 371, Anza, CA 92539 951-760-1732

Highland Rim Academy P.O. Box 3022, Cookeville, TN 38502 931-526-4472

St. John's Academy 1533 Wildwood Dr., St. Augustine, FL 32086 904-824-9224


Latin School a s s o c i a t i o n The Classical Latin School Association (CLSA) is an association of elementary and secondary schools working to promote the transmission of the culture of the Christian West to the next generation through the Classical Core CurriculumTM, which focuses on history, literature, and the great ideas, with an emphasis on basic skills and the liberal arts and a special emphasis on the study of Latin. Through teacher training, online assistance, school accreditation, and help in marketing classical education in their communities, CLSA offers a way for schools to succeed by helping to ensure a well-trained staff, easily accessible curriculum assistance, greater community awarenesss of what they have to offer, and a way to internally document their viability as an academically successful classical Christian school. Through accreditation, schools hold themselves externally accountable and verify to their communities of families that they are offering their students a superior classical Christian education. ✓✓ Professional development services providing on and off-site training for teachers, staffs, and directors ✓✓ Online student/teacher resources ✓✓ Assistance in increasing online exposure for your school ✓✓ Assistance with marketing your school in your community ✓✓ Assistance with education resources ✓✓ School accreditation

Interested in joining the CLSA? 502-855-4830

For a complete list of schools, go to


Classical Latin School Association

WEDNESDAY 6:30-9 p.m.

June 27th

Registration & Reception

Featuring: The Emperor’s Club - Creating a Culture of Excellence Martin Cothran

Thursday June 28th 7:30-8:15 8:15-9:00

Registration, Coffee, & Donuts Plenary Session: Why Christians Should



Read the Pagan Classics

Cheryl Lowe

• Jr. Kindergarten Complete Program • K-2nd Complete Program • Grades 3-6 Complete Program • Grades 7-12 Complete Program

11:30-12:15 Plenary Session: No Grammar in the Grammar Stage

12:15-1:00 1:00-1:30 1:30-3:00

Andrew Pudewa

Lunch Shop & Share Time Workshops: • English Grammar for the Grammar Stage • Classical Composition


Plenary Session: Simply Classical: A Beautiful Education for Any Child Cheryl Swope


Roundtables: Homeschools, Day Schools, Special Needs Students Shop & Share Time Dinner & Presentation: Saving Western

5:00-5:30 6:30

Civilization One Student at a Time

Martin Cothran

FRIDAY 7:30-8:15 8:15-9:45 9:45-11:30

June 29th

Coffee & Donuts Plenary Sessions: Top Ten Reasons for

Learning Latin, The Grammar-First Method, and MP Scope & Sequence Cheryl Lowe

Latin Workshops: • Prima Latina • Latina Christiana • First Form Series • Henle Latin

11:30-12:15 Plenary Session: Classical Latin School 12:15-1:00 1:00-1:30 1:30-3:15

CONFERENCE June 27-29, 2012

PRIVATE, COTTAGE, & HOMESCHOOLS! Learn how to better teach, delight, and move your students at the third annual Memoria Press Conference from June 27-29, 2012. Register online or by phone! (Go online for special registration offers & discounts.)

REVIEWS: “After traveling over one thousand miles to get there, I must admit the conference was worth every hour and every cent. ... I was re-inspired to continue following the path to a classical Christian education for my children.” “Amazing experience.” “The conference was life-changing.” “Really worthwhile. Thank you so very much for providing this venue. I am very impressed with the thoroughness and thoughtfulness that went into putting this together. Well worth my investment of time and treasure.”

Association (CLSA) Martin Cothran & Paul Schaeffer


Lunch Shop & Share Time Workshops:

• Cheryl Lowe: Author of Latina Christiana & First Form Latin

• Why and how to teach R&S Math • Administrators Workshop • Ceremonies • Starting a Latin School • Classroom Discipline • Developing a Professional Culture • Logic and Rhetoric • Classical Education for the Special Needs Child


Memoria Press

Plenary Session: Nature Deficit Disorder

• Martin Cothran: Author of Traditional Logic and Material Logic • Andrew Pudewa: Institute for Excellence in Writing • Cheryl Swope: Author of Simply Classical: A Beautiful Education for Any Child • Master teachers: Highlands Latin Administration & Faculty

WHERE? Highlands Latin School, Crescent Hill Baptist Church 2800 Frankfort Avenue, Louisville, KY 40206

Andrew Pudewa


Shop & Share Time


Memoria Press Conference



Grades 3-8

Book of Astronomy

What's That Bird?


Grades 5+

Grades 3+

This astronomy program covers stars, constellations, and the motion of the earth, as well as the sky as seen throughout all the seasons, including the "Summer Triangle" and seasonal zodiacs. This program was developed with third graders in mind, but it is also great for older students! $31.90 Complete Set (Student & Teacher) $14.95 Astronomy Student Guide $16.95 Astronomy Teacher Guide

Book of Insects

What's That Bird? teaches students about birds, their anatomy, and how they live. The workbook includes facts to know, comprehension questions, and characteristics of individual birds. Students will learn about 30 common birds, as well as several incredible birds! $48.00 What's That Bird? Set (Student, Teacher, What's That Bird?,


Grades 4+

$11.95 $12.95 $14.95 $5.95 $7.95

This set includes a classic reader that takes a narrative approach to the life of insects and a workbook that takes your student through the different kinds of insects. $45.00 $14.95 $14.95 $14.95 $5.95


Complete Set (Student, Teacher, Reader, & Peterson Guide) Book of Insects Workbook Book of Insects Teacher Key Book of Insects Peterson First Guides: Insects

Peterson Birds Guide, Peterson Birds Coloring Book)

What's That Bird? Student Guide What's That Bird? Teacher Key What's That Bird?: A Beginner's Guide to Backyard Birding Peterson First Guides: Birds Peterson Field Guide Color-In Book: Birds

Exploring the History of Medicine Turn this Birds Unit Study into a full-year science course with the addition of John Tiner's Exploring the History of Medicine. $65.00 What's That Bird? Set + Exploring The History of

$13.99 $5.00

Medicine + Exploring The History of Medicine Quizzes, Reviews, and Tests Exploring The History of Medicine Exploring The History of Medicine Quizzes, Reviews, and Tests

Liberal Arts Supplements The Well-Trained Mind:

A Guide to Classical Education at Home, 3rd Edition by Susan Wise Bauer & Jessie Wise


The Well-Educated Mind:

A Guide to the Classical Education You Never Had by Susan Wise Bauer

A Student's Guide to the Disciplines (Grades 9+) $99.95 Complete Set $7.95 Music History $7.95 Classics $7.95 Economics $7.95 Religious Studies $7.95 Political Philosophy

$7.95 The Study of Law $7.95 U.S. History $7.95 The Core Curriculum $7.95 Liberal Learning $7.95 American Political Thought $6.95 Natural Sciences $6.95 Philosophy $6.95 Psychology $6.95 Literature $6.95 Study of History


The Latin-Centered Curriculum:

A Home Educator's Guide to a Latin-Centered Curriculum by Andrew A. Campbell



Science & Liberal Arts Supplements


Grades 5-8

First Start French

Introduction to the French language by Danielle Schultz Modeled after the Latina Christiana format, each of the lessons covers 10-15 vocabulary words, a French saying or proverb, a grammar form, and a short dialogue in French. Your students will practice conversation, reading and translation, and are introduced to French culture. The Teacher Manual helps keep you ahead of your student while quizzes and answer keys make it easy to check progress. A pronunciation guide and CD recording are also available.

First Start French

First Start French





$39.95 $17.50 $17.50 $4.95

French I Set (Student, Teacher, & CD) FS French I Student Book FS French I Teacher Manual FS French I Pronunciation CD

$39.95 $17.50 $17.50 $4.95

French II Set (Student, Teacher, & CD) FS French II Student Book FS French II Teacher Manual FS French II Pronunciation CD

"Having homeschooled my children for ten years now, I rarely get excited about new homeschool curricula anymore ... I'm placing First Start French high on my list of curricula to recommend to new and veteran homeschoolers ... "

Teacher Manual Sample Page

- Heather Jackowitz, The Old Schoolhouse Magazine



Pick up the phone & call:

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April 12-14

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MEMORIA PRESS 2012 Conference Great Homeschool Conventions



Classical Teacher Spring 2012  

Memoria Press' Seasonal Catalog Classical Homeschooling Curriculum

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