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t]‰‚v \nbahpw \ΩpsS `mhn-bpw...

Cu "\nXy-l-cnX acWw' \ap°v kzoIm-cy-a√... kp\man Xnc-am-e-I-fn¬ cmjv{Sw Hen-®n-d-ßp-tºmgmWv tIm¨{Kkv t\XrXzw sImSp°p∂ bp.-]n.-F. k¿°m¿ t]‰‚v Hm¿Un-\≥kv sIm≠p-h-∂-Xv. C¥y-bn¬ am{X-a√ temI-Øm-sI-b-p≈ tImSm-\p-tImSn tcmKn-Iƒ°v "\nXy-l-cnX acWw' hmKvZm\w sNøp∂ \nb-a-am-Wn-Xv. A£-cm¿∞-Øn¬, a\p-jy-Po-h\v hnet]im-\p≈ ]c-am-[nImcw _lp-cm-jv{S- Ip-Ø-I-Iƒ°v ssIam-dp∂ \nbaw! ]m¿en-sa‚ n¬ tIhew 61 AwK-ß-fp≈ CS-Xp-]£w `oj-Wn-ap-g°n ]nSn®p hmßnb ]Øv t`Z-K-Xn-ItfmsSbmWv Ct∏mƒ AXv \nb-a-am-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv... C-SXp-]-£-Øns‚ ISpØ hminbn¬ A¬]w "am\p-jnI ]cn-K-W-\-tbm-sS-bp≈ Ipcp-Xn-'bmbn Cu \nbaw ]cn-W-an®n-´p-≠-∂Xv t\cm-Wv. 1970se t]‰‚v \nbaw c≠p-X-hW t`Z-KXn sNøm≥ tIm¨{Kkpw _n.-sP.-]nbpw Hcp-an-®p. aq∂mw t`Z-KXn _n.-sP.-]n. Xøm-dm-°p-Ibpw tIm¨{Kkv ]m m-°p-I-bpamWv sNbvX-Xv. \ΩpsS Pohn-Xhpw ac-Whpw em`-I-c-amb I®-h-S-am-°p-hm≥ Cu c≠p ]m¿´n-Ifpw ]c-kv]cw a’-cn-°p-tºm-gmWv Xß-fpsS ]cn-an-X-amb AwK-_-eap-]-tbm-Kn®v CS-Xp-]£w CS-s]-´-Xv. C¥y-bn-te-X-S°w temI-am-sI-bp≈ Zcn-{Z-P-\-X-bpsS Pohn-®n-cn-°m-\p≈ Ah-Im-iamWv Ah¿ tNmZn-®-Xv... FbvUvkpw £bhpw _m[n® tImSm-\p-tImSn a\p-jy¿°v _lp-cmjv{S `oa≥amcn-Sp∂ hne-bpsS \qdn-sem∂n\v acp-s∂Øn®p sImSp°p∂ C¥y≥ Huj-[-hy-h-km-bw \ne-\n¿Øp-hm≥ IqSn-bmWv Ah¿ s]mcp-Xn-b-Xv... H∏w Huj-[-ta-J-e-bn¬ ]Wn-sb-Sp-°p∂ e£-°-W°n\v sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS AXn-Po-h-\m-h-Im-i-߃ kwc-£n-°p-hm\p≈ \ne-hnfnIfmWv CS-Xp-]£w Db¿ØnbXv. ]m¿en-sa‚ n¬ tIhew 61 AwK-ß-fp≈ CS-Xp-]£-Øns‚ ]cnan-Xn-Ifpw km≤y-X-Ifpw F{X-bp-s≠∂v hy‡-am-°-s∏-´-XmWv Cu t`-Z-K-Xn-Iƒ. "t]‚‰v _n√ns‚ auen-I-L-S-\-bn¬ Xs∂ am‰w hcp-Øp∂ t`Z-K-Xn-I-fmWv CsX∂p≈' hne-bn-cp-ج ]s£ A]-I-S-I-c-am-Wv. (\n-e-hn-ep≈ t]‰‚v \nbaw auen-I-ambn am‰p-IbmWv bp.-]n-F. k¿°m¿ sNbvXn-´p-≈-Xv) Cu \nb-a-Øns‚ auenI-kz-`m-hsØ, AXm-bXv s{]mk-kv t]‰‚ n¬ \n∂v s{]mUIvSv t]‰‚ n-te-°p≈ am‰sØ, CS-Xp-]-£-\n¿t±-i-߃ bmsXmcp hn[-Ønepw XS-bp-∂n-√. F∂m¬ t]‰‚v \nbaw auenI-ambn am‰p-hm-\p≈ P\-Iob t]mcm-´-߃°v i‡n-]-I-cp-hm≥ Cu \n¿t±-i-߃ D]-tbm-K-s∏-Spw. Cßs\ a\- n-em-°p-∂-Xn\v ]Icw CS-Xp-t`-Z-K-Xn-Iƒ t]‰‚v \nb-a-Øn¬ auen-I-am‰w hcp-Øp∂-h-bm-sW∂v {]Jym-]n-°p-tºmƒ, C\n t]mcm-´-߃ Bh-iy-ans√∂mWv ]d-bp-∂Xv! "e£y-t_m[w \jvS-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ IÆ©n-°p∂ GXp ImgvNbpw e£y-ß-fmbn ]cn-W-an-°p∂' hn]Øv Cu ImgvN-∏mSneSßn-bn-´p-≠v. apwss_-bn¬ \S∂ tkmjy¬t^mdw "_Z¬ tkmjy-enk-'am-sW∂v {]Jym-]n-®-Xmbn {]N-cn-∏n-®Xv t]msebpw km{am-P y-Xz-hn-Ik\ AP≠ Gs‰-Sp-°p∂ tI{μ-_-P-‰ns\ "]ptcm-K-a-\-]-c-'sa∂v hnebn-cp-Øn-b-Xvt]m-se-bpap≈ A]-I-S-I-c-amb Xo¿®-s]-Sp-Ø-ep-Iƒ kmaq-ly-am-‰-Øn\m-bp≈ ka-{K-k-a-c-ßsf hf¿Øp-I-b-√, Xf¿Øp-I-bmWv sNøp-∂-Xv. AXp-sIm≠pXs∂ ]pXnb t]‰‚v \nbaw D≠m-°p∂ Zqc-hym-]-I-amb {]Xym-Lm-X߃ hkvXp-\n-jvS-amb P\-Iob N¿®°v hnt[-b-am-t°≠-Xm-Wv... Cu \nb-asØ am{X-a√ Itºm-f-hy-h-ÿ-sbXs∂ auen-I-ambn s]mfn-s®-Sp-°m≥ Bh-iy-amb _lpP-\-hn-Zym-`ymk {]h¿Ø\hpw ka-c-ßfpw A\n-hm-cy-amWv. BtKm-f-aq-e-[-\-hm-gvN°v _Z-ep-Iƒ krjvSn-°m\pw \ΩpsS Pohn-X-Øn\pta¬ \ap-°p≈ ]c-am-[n-Imcw ÿm]n-s®-Sp-°m\pw thsd hgn-Ifn√. I¨ho- \ ¿ H. hn. hnP-b≥

P E O P L E

A G A I N S T

G L O B A L I S A T I O N

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc PAG Bulletin 37

P\-߃

Vol. No. 2, Issue No. 4, Feb -2005


t]‰‚v \nb- a - Ø nse CS- X p- ] - £ - t `- Z - K - X n- I ƒ t]‰‚ v \¬Ip-∂-Xn-\p≈ \nb-{¥Ww I¿i-\-am-°p-∂-XmWv BZysØ t`Z-KXn. \ne-hn-ep≈ Hcp I≠p-]n-SpØw (AYhm D¬]∂w) D≈-S° - Ø - n¬ sNdnb hyXymkw hcpØn t]‰‚ v t\Sm-\p≈ Ah-kcw Cu t`Z-KXn \ntj-[n-°p∂p. Ht∂m AXn-e-[n-Itam I≠p-]n-Sp-Ø-߃ Iq´n-tN¿ØXpw, kmt¶-XnI apt∂‰tam kmº-ØnI {]m[m-\ytam, (c≠ptam) AS-ßn-bmte ]pXnb I≠p-]n-SpØ-amIq F∂v \nbaw A\p-im-kn-°p-∂p! s]mXp D]-tbm-K-Øn-ep-≈tXm, t\csØ {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°-s∏-´tXm Bb I≠p-]n-SpØw / kmt¶-XnI hnZy, t]‰‚ v sNøm≥ A\p-h-Zn-°n-√. t]‰‚ v e`n-°m≥ Hcp ]pXnb cmk-L-S-\-bp≠m-hWw. \ne-hn-ep-≈-Xn-t\-°mƒ KpW-]-c-amb hf¿®-bm-W-sX∂v sXfn-bn°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw thWw. c≠v FbvUvkv acp-∂p-Iƒ Iq´n-tN¿Øv ]pXnb Hcp acp-∂p-≠m°n t]‰‚ v FSp-°m≥ A\p-aXn \¬In-s√-∂mWv ]d-™-Xns‚ s]mcpƒ. 1995 apX¬ 2005 hsc- b p≈ ImeØv t]‰‚n\mbn sabn¬ t_mIvkn¬ \nt£-]n-°s - ∏´ At]-£I - ƒ 7,000tØmfw hcpw. CXn¬ tIhew 250 At]-£-Iƒ am{X-amWv ]pXnb cmk-L-S\bp≈ acp-∂p-Iƒ. Ah-tijn® 6750epw cmk-tN-cp-hp-I-fn¬ eLp-hmbn hyXymkw hcpØnb ]gb acp∂p-I-fm-Wv. C¥y-bn¬ \ne-hn-ep-≈ P\-dnIv acp-∂p-Iƒ°v ta¬ t]‰‚-hImihmZ-hp-ambn "sabn¬ t_mIvkn¬' IpØ-I-Iƒ FØn-sb-∂mWv CXns‚ A¿∞w. Ch¿°v t]‰‚ v e`n-®m¬ \ne-hn-ep≈ C¥y≥ acp-∂p-Iƒ ]q¿Æambn Itºm-f-Øn¬ \n∂v ]pd-Øp-t]m-Ip-am-bn-cp-∂p. Cu A]-ISw CS-Xp-]£-C-S-s]-S-en¬ Hc-fhphsc ]cn-l-cn-°-s∏-Sp-sa-∂mWv \nK-a-\w. tkm^v‰v shb-dn\v t]‰‚ v \¬Ip∂ _n√nse hyhÿ FSp-Øp-If - ™ p. D¬]∂ t]‰‚ v \ne-hn-ep≈ hnI-knX cmjv{S-ß-fn¬ t]mepw (Ata-cn° Hgn-sI) tkm^v‰vshb¿ t]‰‚ v \¬Ip- ∂ n- √ . ]s£ ]pXnb \nb- a - Ø n¬ tkm^v‰vshb¿ IqSn Dƒs∏-SpØn sF.-Sn. taJ-e-bn¬ \n∂v F√m sNdp-In-S°m-scbpw ]pd-Øm-°m-\mWv tIm¨{Kkv `cWw Xocp-am-\n-®-Xv. "tIm∏n-ssd‰n'¬ Fgp-X-s∏´ tImUv am{Xw kwc-£n-°-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ tImUns‚ ]nd-Inse Bi-bhpw t]‰‚ v Ah-Im-i-Øn¬ kwc-£n-°-s∏-Spw! AXy¥w `oI-c-amb Hc-[n-\n-th-i-Øn\v CSXp]£w sIm≠p-h∂ t`Z-KXn Xm¬°m-en-I-am-sb¶nepw hncm-a-an-´p. t]‰‚ v \¬Ip-∂-Xn-s\-Xnsc FXn¿∏v {]I-Sn-∏n-°m≥ HºXv Xe-߃ D≠m-hpsa∂v t`Z-KXn \n¿t±-in-°p-∂p. IqSmsX ap≥Iq¿ FXn¿∏v {]I-Sn-∏n-°m-\p≈ Imem-h[n 6 amk-ambn Db¿Øp-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p-≠v. aq∂mw I£n-Iƒ°v t]‰‚n-s\-Xnsc ]cmXn \¬Im≥ Ah-kcw \¬Ip-∂-XmWv as‰mcp am‰w. CsXm∂pw bp.-]n.-F. k¿°m¿ sIm≠p-h∂ _n√n¬ D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. t]‰‚ v DSa D¬]m-Z\w \S-Øm-Xn-cn-°p-Itbm, kmaq-ly-{]m-[m\yw A\p-k-cn®v D¬]m- Z \w Xzcn- X - s ∏- S p- Ø m- X n- c n- ° p- I tbm sNøp- t ºmƒ \n¿_- ‘ nX ssek≥kv \¬Im≥ CS-Xp-]-£-t`-Z-KXn Kh¨sa‚ns\ A\p-h-Zn-°p-∂p. \n¿_-‘nX ssek≥kv \¬Ip-∂-Xn\v Bdp amk-Øn-e-[nIw kabw FSp°-cp-sX∂pw t`Z-K-Xn-bn¬ \n¿t±-in-°p-∂p. Huj-[-\n¿Ωm-W-ti-jn-bn-√mØ cmPy-ß-fn-te°v \n¿_-‘nX ssek≥kv A\pk-cn®v D¬]m-Zn-∏n-°p∂ acp∂v Ib-‰n-A-b-°m≥ CS-Xp-]-£-t`-Z-KXn hgn-sbmcp-°p-∂p. CXp-hgn Zcn-{Z-cm-jv{S-ß-fn-te-°p≈ Ah-iy-a-cp-∂p-I-fpsS Ib-‰paXn XpS-cm≥ C¥y≥ Iº-\n-Iƒ°v Ah-Im-i-ap-≠m-bn-cn°pw. C¥y-bn¬ t]‰‚ v e`n® D¬]-∂-߃ 2005\v ap≥]v Xs∂ D¬]m-Zn-∏n-°p-∂-hbm-sW-¶n¬, t]‰‚ v DS-abv°v tdmb¬´n \¬In D¬]m-Z\w XpS-cm≥ C¥y≥ Iº-\n-Isf t`Z-KXn A\p-h-Zn-°p-∂p. t]‰‚ v At]£ \¬Ip∂ XnøXn apX¬ \¬Ip∂ t]‰‚ns‚ Imem-h[n IW°m-°psa∂-XmWv {][m-\-s∏´ as‰mcp t`Z-K-Xn. 1995¬ At]£ \¬In-bn´v 2000-Øn-emWv Ah-Imiw e`n-°p-∂-sX-¶n¬ t]‰‚ns‚ Imem-h[n 1995-ap-X¬ Xs∂ IW-°m-°n-Xp-S-ßpw F∂¿∞w. 20 h¿jsØ Imem-h[n {]mtbm-KnI-ambn 15 F¶n-ep-ambn Npcp-ßpw F∂v. \¬Inb t]‰‚hImiw s]mXp-Xm¬]-cy-{]-Imcw ]n≥h-en-°m≥ Kh¨sa‚n\v A[n-Im-c-ap-≠m-hpw. CS-Xp-]£w sIm≠p-h∂ as‰mcp t`Z-KXn \n¿t±-iw CXmWv. ]c-a-{]-[m-\-amb c≠v \n¿t±-i-߃ Kh¨sa‚ v AwKo-I-cn-®n-√. "t]‰‚ v ]cn-[nbn¬ kq£va-Po-hn-Isf Dƒs∏-Sp-ØcpsX-∂pw' "t]‰‚ v sNøp∂ ]pXnb hkvXp-°-sf-Ip-dn-®p≈ \n¿h-N\w hy‡-ambn \¬I-W-sa-∂p-am-bn-cp∂p' Cu \n¿t±-i-߃. Hcp hnZKv[ kanXn hni-Z-ambn N¿® sNbvXv Cu c≠p am‰ßƒ kzoI-cn-°-Wtam F∂p Xocp-am-\n-°p-a-s{X. 2

""]pXnb t]‰‚ v \nbaw {]m_-eyØn-em-hp-∂-tXmsS 3000 tImSn cq] aqeyap≈ C¥y≥ acp∂v, Itºm-f-Øn¬ \n∂v ]n≥h-en-t°-≠n-h-cpw.. Rß-fpsS BsI Itºm-f-aqeyw 4.5 _ney≥ tUmf-dm-Wv. Ata-cn-°≥ Huj-[-hy-h-km-bn-I-fpsS Atkm-kn-tb-j≥ ]d-bp-∂Xv C¥y-bn¬ t]‰‚ v \nbaw am‰m-Ø-Xp-sIm≠v {]Xnh¿jw Ah-cpsS AwK-߃°v 1.8 _ney≥ tUmf¿ hcp-am\ \jvS-ap-s≠∂mWv 1.8 _ney≥ tUmf¿ hcp-am\w F∂m¬ C-¥y≥ Huj-[-I-tºm-f-Øns‚ 40% BW.v t]‰‚ v t`Z-K-Xn-tbmsS C¥y≥ Huj-[-I-tºmfØns‚ 40% X߃°v e`n-°p-sa∂v Ata-cn-°≥ hyhkm-bn-Iƒ t]mepw kΩ-Xn-°p-tºmƒ \ΩpsS a{¥n-bm-hs´ 3% am{Xta Ah¿ sIm≠p-t]m-Ip-I-bp-≈p-sh∂v ]d-bp∂p'' Un.-]n. jm, sk{I-´-dn, C¥y≥ ^m¿akyq-´n-°¬ Ae-b≥kv

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sIm≠p-h∂ t]‰‚ v t`ZK- X n- t bmsS "Im¿jnI t]‰‚ nwKv ' Bcw-`n-®p. sNSn-Iƒ°v t]‰‚v \¬Im\p≈ A\p-aXn \¬In-bXv At∏m-gmWv.... aq∂mw t`Z-K-Xn-tbmsS 'D¬]∂ t]‰‚pw' AwKo-I-cn-°-s∏-´p... Irjnbn¬ D¬]∂ t]‰‚ v F∂p ]d™m¬, Aæ-{]-Xn-tcm-[-ti-jn-bp≈ Hcp s\¬ hnØn-\-Øns‚ Po≥, P\‰n°v F©n-\o-b-dnw-Kn-eqsS Xøm-dm°nb hnØp- a mbn kwtbm- P n- ∏ n®v \n¿Ωn® ]pXnb hnØn\v t]s‰‚v FSp°pI F∂m-W¿∞w. "Aæ {]Xn-tcm[ D¬]∂' t]‰‚mWv Ah¿ t\Sp-∂-Xv! CXv \mw kzoI-cn-°p-tºmƒ ]c-º-cmK-X-ambn \ΩpsS kz¥-am-bn-cp∂ Hcp hnØv _lp-cmjv{S hnØv Iº-\nbpsS em`-Øn-te°v hchv sh°-s∏Sp-I-bmWv sNøp-∂Xv! ˛ tUm. hμ-\m-inh

""tZiob Xm¬]-cy-߃ kwc-£n-°m\p≈ Xo{h-k-a-c-ß-fn¬ G¿s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂h¿°v, CS-Xp-]£w t\Sn-sb-SpØ t`Z-KXn-Iƒ, AsX{X sNdpXmbm-epw, Bflhn-izmkw \¬Ipw...... kzX-{¥-amb \nb-a\n¿Ωm-W-Øn-\p≈ cmjv{S-ßfpsS AhImiw t]mepw Ih-cp∂ TRIPS, WTObn¬ \n∂v ]pd-sØ-SpØv If-bp-∂Xv hsc XpStc≠ Zo¿L-amb ka-c-amWv th≠-Xv. AXn\v Icp-Øp-]-I-cp∂ "sNdn-sbmcp hnPb'amWnXv... ... CS-Xp-]£w t\Sn-sb-SpØ sNdnb am‰-߃ t]mepw "\S-∏m-°-s∏Sp"sa∂v Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øp-Ibpw thWw'' {]Imiv Imcm´v PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

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WTO

kwc- £ n- ° p∂ "]ucm- h - I miw'

""t]‰‚ v Ah-Imiw hym]mc Bh-iy-߃°p]tbm-Kn-°-cp-sX∂pw "s]mXp-Xm¬]-cy{]Im-cw am{Xta t]‰‚ v \¬Ip-I-bp-≈p-sh∂pw C¥y≥ t]‰‚ v \nbaw 1970se (sk-Ivj≥-˛83) A\p-im-kn-®n-cp∂p. Fßs\bmWnXv Xe-Xn-cn-™p-ho-W-Xv.... "hym]mcw' F∂ \n¿Δ-N-\-Øn¬ hym]m-tcXc-amb 4 hnj-b-߃ WTO Iq´n-tN¿Øp. 1) _u≤n-I-kz-Ø-h-Imiw 2) tkh-\-߃ 3) \nt£]w 4) Irjn F∂n-h-bmWv Cu \mev hnj-b-߃ Cu hnj-b-߃ tZio-b-cm-jv{S-ß-fpsS kmaq-lnI kmº-Øn-I, kmkvImcnI LS-I-߃ DƒtN¿∂ hn]p-e-amb kmaqly {]iv\-ß-fm-Wv. Ch hym]m-cam-bm¬ tZiob ]c-am-[n-Im-c-sØbpw P\-ß-fpsS auen-Imh-Im-i-ß-tfbpw AXv _m[n-°pw... sXmgn¬ sNøm\pw e`n-°m-\pap≈ auen-Im-h-Imiw tNmZyw sNøps∏Spw. Btcm-Ky-tØmsS Pohn°m-\p≈ Ah-Im-ihpw `£Ww e`n-°m-\p≈ Ah-Im-ihpw hsc ]uc-k-aq-l-Øn\v \jvS-s∏-Spw. Cu D¬I-WvT-Iƒ GATT \n¿t±-i߃s°Xnsc temI-amsI {]Xn-tj-[-߃ Db¿Øn. AhnI-knX cmjv{S-ß-fpsS Iq´m-bva-Iƒ Db¿∂p h∂p. hym]m-tc-X-c-amb kmaqlnI hnj-b-߃ hym]mc DS-º-Sn-bn¬ sIm≠p hcp-∂-Xn-s\-Xnsc D≠mb BtKm-f-{]-Xn-tcm-[-߃ ImcWw Km´ns‚ "Ddp-tKz--h´' N¿®Iƒ A\-¥-ambn \o≠p-t]m-bn... AXn-\n-S-bn¬ c≠v {][m\ kw`-h߃ temIØv D≠m-bn. tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-bs‚ XI¿®-bpsS tIfn-sIm-´v. tkmjy-enÃv tNcn-bn¬ {]Xy-£-amb {]Xn-N-e-\-ßfpw XI¿®-bpw. 1988-˛¬ Ata-cn-°, P∏m≥, bqtdm∏v F∂n-hn-S-ß-fnse Huj-[- Ip-Ø-IIƒ tbmKw tN¿∂v ""Basic Frame Work of GATT Provision on Intellectual Property'' F∂ t]cn¬ Hcp {]kvXm-h\ ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-®p.... Km´ns‚ _u≤nI kzØ-h-Imi \nb-aßfpsS cq]-tc-J-bmbn amdn-bXv Cu {]kvXm-h-\-bm-bn-cp-∂p... Km´v Ub-d-IvS¿ P\-d¬ B¿X¿ U¶¬ Xøm-dm-°nb Ah-km\ Ic-Sn¬ Cu \n¿t±-i-߃ apgp-h≥ IS-∂p-IqSn-bn-cp∂p!! TRIPS AYhm Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights F∂ t]cn¬ ÿm\w ]nSn-®p. _u≤nI kzØ-h-Imiw IpØ-I-h¬°-cn°p-∂-Xn-s\-Xnsc C¥ybpw {_ oepw AS-°w \nch[n cmjv{S-߃ sNdpØp \n¬∏p-Iƒ XpS¿∂-t∏mƒ kq∏¿ 301, kvs]jy¬ 301 XpSßn-b Ata-cn-°≥ hym]m-c-\n-b-a-߃ {]tbm-Kn®v aq∂mw temI-cmjv{S-ßsf km{am-PyXzw `oj-Wn-s∏-Sp-Øm-\m-cw-`n-®p..... temI-Øns‚ kmaq-lnI k¥p-en-Xm-hÿ kwc-£n® tkmhn-b‰v bqWnbs‚ XI¿®, Km´v N¿®-Isf km{am-PyXz Xm¬]-cy-ß-fn¬ Dd-∏n-®p\n¿Øn... 28 hI-∏p-I-fn-embn B¿X¿ U¶¬ Km´v DS-ºSn t{ImUo-Icn-®p.. "H∂mbn kzoI-cn-°p-Itbm X≈n-°-f-bp-Itbm sNømw..... C\w Xncn-®p≈ N¿®-Iƒ C\n-bn√' F∂mWv U¶¬ {]Jym-]n-®X - v... "kzoIcn-°m-Øh - ¿°v A¥m-cmjv{S hym]m-cI - c - m-dn¬ \n∂v ]pd-Øp-t]mImw' F∂pw Iq´n-tN¿°-s∏´p! tkmjy-enÃv temI-Øns‚ XI¿®-bpsS sXm´p-]n-d-sI, 1994 G{]n¬ 15\v C¥y-b-S°w 125 cmjv{S-߃ tN¿∂v WTO Icmdn¬ H∏n´p. Km´v Hcp Iq´w \nb-a-߃ am{X-am-bn-cp-∂p... WTO Bhs´ Hcp kwL-S-\bmWv...... A¥m-cmjv{S hym]m-c-kw-L-S\....! XS- -ß-fn-√msX, temIamsI IS∂p sN∂v I®-hSw \SØn em`w Ip∂p-Iq-´m≥ IpØ-IIƒ°v A\p-aXn \¬Ip∂ \nba kwln-X-Iƒ Xøm-dm°n kwc-£n°p∂ kwL-S\! IpØ-I-ap-X-em-fn-Ø-Ønt‚sXm-gn-sI temI-Øp≈ Bcp-sSbpw ]ucm-hImi߃ "]pXnb temI-{Iaw' AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂n-s√-∂mWv WTO {]Jym-]n-°p-∂Xv!

3

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


WTO°v

aptº \S- ° p∂ C¥y.....

Nqj-W-Øn\v ]dp-Zok ]Wn-bp-∂-h¿. C¥y≥ t]‰‚ v \nbaw 2005 P\p-hcn 1\v apºv ]cn-jvI-cn-°-W-sa∂p≈ WTO \n¿t±iw \S-∏m-°pI-bmWv X߃ sNbvX-sX∂v k¿°m¿ ]d-bp-∂p. WTO _m≤yX \nd-th-‰m≥ \ne-hn-ep≈ t]‰‚ v \nb-a-Øns‚ Htc-sbmcp sk£≥ (sk-£≥ ˛ 5) t`ZKXn hcp-Øn-bm¬ aXn. ]s£ 77 sk£-\p-I-fnepw t`Z-KXn sIm≠p-h-∂p. F¥p-sIm-≠mWv Aßs\ kw`-hn-®Xv? 2001se tZml DS-ºSnbn¬ ]d-bp∂Xv CXm-Wv : ""s]mXp-P-\mtcmKyw kwc-£n-°p-∂-Xn\v \S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°m≥ AwKcm-jv{S-߃°v TRIPS Icm¿ XS- -am-I-cp-sX∂v R߃ AwKoI-cn-°p-∂p.... TRIPS Icm¿ _m≤yX \nd-th-‰p-sa∂v Bh¿Øn®p-]-d-bp-tºmƒ Xs∂, s]mXp-P-\m-tcmKyw kwc-£n-°p-∂-Xn\v, F√m-h¿°pw acp-∂p-Iƒ {]m]y-am-°p-∂-Xn\v, AwK-cm-jv{S߃°p≈ Ah-Imiw Dd-∏m-°n-s°m≠v Icm-dp-Isf hyJym\n-°p-Ibpw XpS¿ \S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøm-hp-∂XmWv'' WTO A\p-h-Zn-°p∂ Imcy-߃ t]mepw DƒtN¿°msX t]‰‚ v \nbaw kaqew s]mfn-s®-gp-Xp∂ _n√mWv tIm¨{Kkv sIm≠ph-∂-Xv. tZml DS-º-Sn-I-fpsS km≤y-X-I-fn¬ NneXv CS-Xp]£w CS-s]´v, \nb-aØ - n¬ Dƒs∏SpØn ]cn-jvIc - n-°p-Ib - mWv Ct∏mƒ sNbvXn-´p-≈-Xv. WTO DS-º-Sn-bpsS km≤y-X-Iƒ t]mepw hnkva-cn-®p-sIm≠v t]‰‚ v \nbaw sIm≠p-h-∂-Xns‚ ]nd-Inep≈ Xm¬]-cy-sa-¥m-bn-cp∂p? _u≤nI kzØ-h-Imi \nb-a-߃ WTO hym]m-c-I-cm-dns‚ `mKam-°p-∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn®p≈ N¿®-Iƒ C\nbpw "]q¿Øn-bm-bn-´n√'. TRIPS kw_-‘n®v N¿® XpS-cp-hm\pw 10 h¿j-Øn-\p-≈n¬ [mc-W-I-fn-se-Øm-\p-amWv 1994¬ \n›n-bn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. 94¬ \S∏m-°nØp-S-ßnb a‰p hym]mc \b-߃ temI-amsI Kpcp-X-camb {]Xn-k-‘n-Iƒ krjvSn-®p-sIm-≠n-cns°, F´p h¿jsØ A\p-`-h-߃ "Ah-tem-I\w' sNømsX ]pXnb hnj-b-ß-fn¬ Xo¿∏p-≠m-°m≥ Ign-bn-s√∂v tZml N¿®-Iƒ {]Jym-]n-®XmWv. F∂n´pw 1999-epw 2002epw ]ns∂ Ct∏mgpw C¥y≥ t]‰‚ v \nbaw Ata-cn-°≥ tamU-en¬ ]cn-jvI-cn-®Xv F¥psIm-≠m-Wv? _u≤nI kzØ-hImi \nb-a-߃ WTO ]cn-[n-bn¬ \n∂v hnSpX¬ sNøm-\p≈ BtKm-f-]-cn-{i-a-߃°v Xmßmbn \ne-sIm≠n-cp∂ C¥y, TRIPSs‚ [mc-W-Iƒ ÿmbn-bmb \nb-a\n¿ΩmWw \SØn Ct∏mƒ AwKo-I-cn-®n-cn-°p∂p! Aßs\ {]Xn-tcm-[-ß-fpsS hmXn-ep-I-sf√mw sIm´n-b-S-®Xv B¿°p-th≠n-bm-Wv? Cu tNmZy-߃ t]mepw Db¿ØmsX-bmWv 4 aWn-°q¿ am{Xw \o≠p-\n∂, Ahy-‡-X-Iƒ \nd™ ]m¿e-sa‚nse t]‰‚ v N¿® ]q¿Øn-bm-b-Xv. cmPy-hym-]-I-amb N¿®-Iƒ Bh-iy-ap≈, Zqc-hym-]-I-amb {]Xym-Lm-X-ß-fp-≠m-°p∂ Hcp \nb-a\n¿ΩmWw [rXn-]n-Sn®v AwKo-I-cn∏n®-h¿ _lp-cmjv{S IpØI-I-fn¬ \n∂pw ssI∏-‰nb ssIa-S°v F{X Bbncw tImSn cq]-bp-tS-Xm-sW-∂vIqSn \ap°v At\z-jn-®p-Xp-Sß - W - w. IpØI aqe-[\w sImXn-®-sX√mw \¬In tIm¨{Kkv ap∂-Wn-bpsS h¿§-Xm¬]cyw P\-k-a£w hnNm-cW sNøm≥ CS-Xp-]-£Øn\v Ign-bp-sa-¶n¬ {]Xo-£bv°v C\nbpw hI-bp-≠v. 4

_u≤n-I-kz-Ø-h-Imi \nb-a-߃ (TRIPS); \nt£-]-\n-b-a-߃ (TRIMS); tkh-\\n-b-a-߃ (GATS); Irjn F∂o hnj-b-ß-fn¬ 1994˛¬ WTODS-ºSn H∏n-Sp-tºmƒ N¿®-Iƒ ]q¿Øn-bm-bn-cp-∂n-√. s]mXp-[m-c-W-Iƒ am{XamWv D≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. ]q¿Æ-amb hym]mc DSºSn, ]n∂oSv \S-°p∂ a{¥n-Xe tbmK-ß-fn¬ h®v Xøm-dm-°m-sa-∂m-bn-cp∂p Xocp-am-\w... 2005\p-≈n¬ AwK-cm-{„-߃ _u≤n-I-kz-Ø-hImi \nb-a-߃ cq]o-I-cn-°-W-sa∂pw 2006-\p≈n¬ \nt£-]-\n-b-a-ßfpw tkh-\-\n-b-a-ßfpw Xøm-dm-°-s∏-S-W-sa∂pw [mc-W-I-fp-≠m-bn-cp∂p... F∂m¬ Irjn- ap-X¬ _u≤nI kzØ-hIm-iw- h-sc-bp≈ hnj-b-߃ hym]mc DS-º-Snbn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn-s\-Xnsc temI-hym-]-Iamb {]Xn-tj-[-߃ Ae-b-Sn-®p-b¿∂p. WTO a{¥n-Xe tbmK-߃ \S∂ knbm-‰n¬ apX¬ Pt\m-hbnepw Im¨IpWnepw hsc hfsc henb A¥m-cmjv{S sNdp-Øp-\n¬∏v D≠m-bn. Irjn apX¬ tkh-\-߃ hscbp≈ hnj-b߃ N¿® sNbvXv cq]-tc-J-bp-≠m-°p-∂-Xn\v ]I-cw, WTO A\-¥c ImesØ A\p-`-h-߃ hni-I-e\w sNøWsa-∂mWv aq∂mw temI-cmjv{S-߃ Bh-iy-s∏-´-Xv. TRIPS X≈n-°-f-bp-∂Xn\v tZml-bn¬ t]mb C¥y-bm-hs´ tZmlbnse a{¥n-Xe tbmK-Øn¬ h®v "s]mXp-P-\mtcmKyw kwc-£n-°p∂ hn[-Øn¬' _u≤nI kzØ-h-Imi \nb-a-߃ Xøm-dm-°-W-sa∂ "[mcW' AwKo-I-cn-®mWv aS-ßn-b-Xv.... Ahtem-I\ N¿®-Iƒ 2005tem 2007tem \S-°ptºmƒ hym]mc \nb-a-߃ ]cn-jvI-cn-°p∂ Imcyw Btem-Nn-°m-sa∂ kº-∂-cm-jv{S-ßfpsS Blzm\w C¥ybpw kzoI-cn-®p... Npcp-°Øn¬ Irjn-bS-°-ap≈ kmaq-lnI {]iv\-ßfn¬ temI-P-\-X-bpsS sNdpØv \n¬∏v XpS-cpI-bm-sW∂v am{X-a-√, hy‡-amb \nb-a-kw-lnX-Iƒ Cu hnjb-ßfn¬ WTO bptS-Xmbn cq]-s∏-´n-´p-an-√. ]Icw kº-∂-cm-jv{S-߃ ]n≥Xp-Scp∂ kzX-{¥-hym-]m-c-\-b-߃ WTO \nb-a-ß-fmbn aq∂mw temI-cm-jv{S-߃°v ta¬ ASn-t®¬∏n-°p∂ {]{In-b-bmWv Ct∏mƒ \S-°p-∂-Xv... AXv h≈n-]p≈n hyXym-k-an√msX C¥ybpw \S-∏m-°p-I-bm-Wv.. AXn-sem∂mWv t]‰‚ v \nbat`Z-K-Xn-bmbn \Ω-fnt∏mƒ inc- n-te-‰p-∂-Xv. bYm¿∞-Øn¬ C¥y WTO °v ap∂n¬ \S-°p-I-bmWv. _u≤n-I-kzØ-h-Imiw apX¬ Irjn hsc-bp≈ hnj-b߃ WTO DSº-Sn-bn¬ \n∂v ]ngp-Xp-am-‰p-hm\p≈ BtKm-f-k-a-c-߃ Ct∏mgpw {]k-‡-amWv. C\n c£-bn-s√-∂p≈ apX-em-fnØ {]NmcWw inc- m-h-ln-°p-∂-h¿ km{am-PyXz Nmc∑m-cm-hp-I-bmWv sNøp-∂-Xv. PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


apgp- h ≥ tkh- \ - ß fpw C\n hym]m- c - a m°p∂ GATS NÀ¨ \nÀ¯nsh-¡pI P\-d¬ F{Kn-sa‚ v t^m¿ t{SUv C≥ k¿Δo-kkv BWv GATS. 1994- ¬ Xs∂ GATS temI hym]mc kwL-S-\bpsS `mK-am-bn-cp∂p. F∂m¬ tkh-\-ßfpsS hym]mcw kºq¿Æ-ambn Xpd∂p sImSp-°m-\p≈ N¿®-Iƒ ]q¿Øn-bm-bn-cp-∂n√. GATS N¿® 2001 \hw_-dn¬ tZml-bnepw ]q¿Æ-am-bn√. `£y-kw-`-cWw hnX-cWw˛hym]mcw, ]cn-ÿnXn kwc-£Ww sXmgn¬ \nb-a-߃ XpS-ßn-b-h-bn¬ Nne [mc-W-Iƒ cmjv{Sß-fpsS {Kq∏p-Iƒ XΩn-ep-≠mbn F∂p am{Xw! Km´vkv AwKo-I-cn-°-s∏-´m¬, apgp-h≥ k¿Δo-kpIfpw, s]mXp tkh-\-ß-f-S°w Xpd∂p sImSp-°pI- s b- ∂ mWv A¿∞w. ]cn- ÿ nXn, kwkv I mcw, {]IrXn hn`-h-߃, s]mXp-P-\m-tcmKyw, hnZym`ymkw, kmaq- l y- k p- c £, KXm- K Xw, t]mì k¿Δok,v \Kc/]©m-bØv tkh-\-߃ XpS-ßnb-hs - bm-s°-bmWv "]ªnIv k¿Δo-kp-Iƒ' F∂v ]dbp-∂Xv. Ch-sb√mw km¿ΔtZiob Itºm-f-Øns‚ `mK-am-hWsa-∂mWv GATS hn`m-h\w sNøp-∂Xv. AXm-bXv Hcp s]mXp-tk-h-\hpw GATS AwKo-I-cn°-s∏-Sp-∂-tXmsS kzIm-cy-tk-h-\-am-bn-Øocpw! AXm-bXv, GATS AwKo-I-cn-°-s∏-´-tijw GsX-¶nepw s]mXp tkh-\-Ønt\m, ap\n-kn-∏¬ k¿Δo-knt\m, kmaq-ly-kmw-kvIm-cnI ]cn-]m-Snt°m WTO \nb-a߃°-\p-kc - n-®p≈ "\mj-W¬ {So‰vsa‚ v' km≤y-a√! Hcp Kh¨sa‚n\pw Ch°v t\cn´v ^≠v sImSp°mt\m k_vknUn A\p-h-Zn-°mt\m km≤y-a√! (\n¿_-‘-am-sW-¶n¬ Cu tkh\w Gs‰-SpØ _lpcmjv{S IpØI hgnbmhmw) bmsXmcp klm-bhpw tZiob P\hn`m- K - ß ƒ°v \¬Im≥ Kh¨sa‚pIƒ°-\p-hm-Z-an√. AXm-bXv, GsX-¶nepw B`y-¥c \nb-aß - ƒ hgn ]cnÿnXn, BtcmKyw, Pew, D]-t`m‡r tkh\w XpSßn-b-h-bn¬ t]mepw Kh¨sa‚p-Iƒ°v CS-s]-Sm-\mhn√. AXm-bXv, Ah¿ \¬Ip∂ tkh-\-ß-fpsS hnetbm, KpWtam, tZmjtam, {]Xym-Lm-X-ßtfm \nb-{¥n°mt\m, ]cn-l-cn-°mt\m tZiob Kh¨sa‚n-\m-hn√. AXm-bXv, \ΩpsS cmjv{Sw, kwkvImcw, kºØv, {]IrXn F∂n-h-bn¬t∏mepw hntZi IpØ-I-I-ƒ°mbn-cn°pw Ah-km\ hm°v. Bcm-bn-cn°pw CXns‚ KpW-t`m-‡m-°ƒ F∂v tNmZn-°m-\pt≠m? _lp-cmjv{S IpØ-I-Iƒ am{Xw. A£cw apX¬ IpSn-sh≈w hsc Ah-cp-tS-Xmhpw. Btcm-Ky-c-£-bpsS 3.5 {Sn√y≥ (3500 Million) hnZym`ym-k-Øns‚ 2 {Sn√y≥, Pe-Øns‚ 1 {Sney≥ tUmf¿ hoXw {]Xn-h¿j hym]mcw., GATS kzoI-cn-°p-∂tXmsS Ah¿ kz¥-am°pw! GATS N¿® 2000-¬ Bcw-`n®v Hcp ]t£ 2005-¬ tNcp∂ a{¥n-Xe tIm¨{^≥kn¬ ]q¿Øn-bm-bm¬ CXmhpw ÿnXn! GATS - a\p- j y- c psS ASn- ÿ m\ Ah- I m- i - ß - s ft∏mepw Nc-°m°n am‰p∂p. Km´vkv N¿® \n¿Øn hbv°p-I-b-amWv th≠Xv, Ct∏mƒ Xs∂! Adn-bnt√, GATS hcp-∂-Xn\v aptºXs∂ C¥y-bpsS tkh\ Itºmfw Xpd-∂n-´-XmWv. \ΩpsS \m´n¬ Pe kzIm-cy-h¬°-cWw \S∂p Ign-™p. 5

GATS

hcp∂p

t]äâ v t`Z-KXn.... ""Fs¥√mw {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ I≠p-]n-Sp-Øa- √ F∂-Xns‚ \n¿h-N\ - Ø - n-emWv am‰w h∂n-cn°p-∂-Xv. a\p-jy-cnepw arK-ß-fnepw kkyßfnepw tcmK-ap‡nbpw kmº-ØnI aqey-h¿[-\bpw Dt±-in-®p-sIm≠v sshZyw, ikv{X-{Inb k¿K-{]-h¿Ø\w, tcmK-\nhm-cW {ia-߃ F∂nh \S-Øp∂ {]{In-b-Iƒ I≠p-]n-Sn-Ø-Øns‚ ]cn-[n-bn¬ hcn-I-bn-s√-∂mWv 1970se C¥y≥ t]‰‚v \nb-a-Ønse 3(-sF) hIp∏v hy‡-am-°p-∂-Xv. c≠mw t`Z-KXn kky-ßsf Cu Iq´-Øn¬ \n∂v Hgn-hm-°n. AX-\p-kc- n®v Hcp kky C\sØ sa®-s∏-SpØp-hm-\p-ff {]h¿Ø\w taen¬ "I≠p-]n-SnØ'ambn IW-°m-°s- ∏-Sp-Ibpw t]‰‚n\v hnt[-ba- m-°s- ∏-Sp-Ibpw sNøpw. t_mƒIo-Sß - sf \in-∏n-°p-hm≥ tijn-bp-ff hnjw D¬]m-Zn-∏n-°p∂ _mIvSo-cnbw Po\p-Iƒ tN¿Øv D¬]mZn-∏n® _n.-Sn. tIm´¨ taen¬ t]‰‚p-ambn _‘-s∏´ {]tXyI Ah-Im-i-ßfp-ff hkvXp-°-fpsS ]cn-[n-bn¬ ]cn-K-Wn-°-s∏-Spw. c≠mw t`Z-KXn \nb-a-Øn¬ (3-sP) F∂ Hcp ]pXnb hIp-∏p-IqSn tN¿°p∂p. P\n-X-I-L-S\ t`Z-KXn sNbvXv kky-ßsf I≠p-]n-Sn-Ø-ambn KWn-°p∂-XmWv Cu hIp-∏v. P\n-XI LS-\-bn¬ am‰w hcp-Ønb kky-ß-fpsS D¬]mZ\-sØbpw Ah-bpsS {]Nm-c-W-sØbpw Cu hIp∏v I≠p-]n-Sp-Øambn IW-°m-°p-∂p. ssPh kmt¶-XnI hnZy D]-tbm-Kn-®mWv P\n-X-I-L-S\-bn¬ hyXymkw hcpØn kky-ßsf krjvSn-°p-∂-sX-¶nepw, 3 sP, B {]{In-bsb ""XnI®pw Poh-im-kv{X-]c- a- mbn'' ImWp-∂n-s√-∂Xv sam¨km-t‚mhn\pw a‰pw ]gp-sXm-cp-°p-∂p. temI-sØ-hn-sS-bp-ap-ff Poh-cq-]-߃°v t]‰‚v _m[-I-am-°p-hm-\p-ff \o°sØ \mw ]p\x-]-cn-tim-[n-°-Ww. Poh-cq-]-ßsf t]‰‚v ]cn-[n-bn¬ \n∂v Hgn-hm-°-Ww. AXp km[y-a-s√-¶n¬ ]mc-ºcy ˛ \m´-dn-hp-Iƒ ASnÿm- \ - a m°n \n¿an® D¬]- ∂ - ß - s fbpw _‘- s ∏´ {]{In- b - I - s fbpw t]‰‚ns‚ ]cn-[n-bn¬ \n∂p Hgn-hm-°-Ww.'' \n߃ Xs∂ Xocp-am-\n°q Rm≥ GXv "tkmkv ' D]-tbm-Kn-®mWv \n-ßsf `£n-t°-≠sX∂v

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


t]‰‚ns‚ cmjv { Sobw 

apX-em-fnØ cmP y-ßsf Hcp thZn-bn¬ FØn-°p-∂-Xn-\pw, tkmjyen-ksØ t\cn-Sp-∂-Xn-\pw, \hkzX{¥ cmjv{S-ßfpsS ]p\¿ tImf\nh¬°-c-W-Øn\pw DX-Ip∂ coXn-bn¬ krjvSn® BtKmf D]-I-c-W-ß-fmWv thƒUv t_¶v, sF.-Fw.-F-^v, Km´v F∂nh Km´ns‚ F´mw h´ N¿® (D-dq-Kzbv h´N¿®) 1986¬ Bcw-`n®p. Cu N¿®-I-fn-emWv _u≤nI kzØh-Imiw kw_-‘n® ]pXnb am‰ßƒ°v XpS°w Ipdn-®-Xv. aq∂mw temI cmP y-߃°pta¬ kΩ¿±w sNep-Øm≥ Ata-cn° Xß-fpsS t{SUv \nb-a-Øn¬ kq∏¿ 301, kvs]jy¬ 301 F∂o hIp∏p-Iƒ Dƒs°m-f-fn-®p. CXn¬ kvs]jy¬ 301 _u≤nI kzØ-hIm-i-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´-Xm-Wv. Ddq-Kzbv h´ N¿®I-fpsS ]cn-k-am-]vXn-tbmsS Km´v F∂ thZn, temI hym]mc kwL-S-\-bmbn (1994) cq]m-¥-c-s∏-´p. ka-hm-b-ambn-cp∂p Km´v Xocp-am-\-ß-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-sa-¶n¬, WTObpsSXv thms´-Sp-∏mbn amdn. Km´v Hcp thZn am{X-am-bn-cp-∂p. WTO BIs´ Hcp kwL-S-\-bm-Wv. WTO CS-s]-Sp-hm-\pw, \n¿t±iw \¬Im\pw, in£n-°m\pw A[n-Im-ca- p-ff i‡-amb Hcp kwL-S\ - b - m-bn-Øo¿∂p. GI {[ph temI-Øn-\mbn Ata-cn-°≥ km{am-P yXzw \S-Ønb {iaß-fpsS k¥-Xn. C∂v Cu WTO BWv, Hcp ]c-am-[n-Imc cmjv{Samb C≥Uy-bpsS \nb-asØ am‰m≥ B⁄m-]n-°p-∂-Xv. AXn\pIo-g-S-ßp-I-bmWv amdn-amdn h∂ tIm¨{Kkv, _n.-sP.]n k¿°m-cpIƒ sNøp-∂Xv. 1999epw 2002epw sIm≠p-h∂ t`Z-KXnIƒ°p ]pd-ta, C≥Uy≥ t]‰‚v \nb-a-Øn-s‚, AeIpw ]nSn-bpw -am-‰n-s°m≠p-ff \nb-a-amWv bp.-]n.F. Kh¨sa‚v ]mkm-°n-b-Xv. Ch¿ kwc-£n-°p-∂Xv _lpcmjv{S `oa-∑m-cp-sSbpw Ah¿°p Xmßpw XWepambn \n¬°p∂ km{am-P y-Xz-Øn-t‚bpw Xm¬]-cy-ßfmWv. 1994¬ cmP yw Km´p-I-cm-dn¬ H∏n´v W.T.Ohn¬ AwK-am-Ip∂Xneq-sSbmWv t]‰‚v \nbaw t`Z-KXn sNøm≥ C¥y-°p-ta¬ kΩ¿±ap≠mb-Xv. 2005 P\p-hcn H∂n\v apºv CXv \S-∂n-cn-°Ww F∂m-bn-cp∂p hyh-ÿ. 1999epw 2002epw c≠p t`Z-K-XnIƒ apºp \S-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. ]m¿en-sa‚v ]cn™v c≠p \mƒ Ign-™v. Unkw-_¿ amkw 26 mw XnøXn kp\man Zpc¥-Øn¬ cmjv{Sw hnd-ß-en®p \n¬s°-bmWv t]‰‚v aq∂mw t`Z-KXn Hcp Hm¿Un-\≥kmbn bp.-]n.-F. k¿°m¿ sIm≠p-h-∂-Xv. Kuc-h-amb N¿®-I-fn-√msX AXn-t∏mƒ \nb-a-ambn-cn-°p-∂p. 1883¬ 14 cmP y-ß-fnse {]Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ ]mco-kn¬ HØp-IqSn Kthj-W-߃°pw ]pXnb I≠p-]n-Sp-Ø-߃°pw t]‰‚v \¬Im≥ Xocpam-\n®p. ]n¬°m-eØv Gsd {]kn-≤-amb ]mcokv I¨sh≥j≥ F∂-dn-b-s∏-´Xv Cu tbmK Xocp-am-\-am-Wv. C¥y kzmX{¥yw {]Jym]n®t∏mƒ ]mcokv I¨sh≥j-\nse AwKXzw cmjv{Sw ]n≥h-en®p. 1970 ¬ BWv C¥y°v ka-{K-amsbmcp t]‰‚v \nbaw hcp∂Xv. C¥y≥ {][m-\-a{¥n {ioa-Xn. Cμn-cm-Km-‘n-sb-Sp-Ø- Ncn-{X]-c-hamb Hcp Xocp-am-\-am-bn-cp∂p AXv. 1970 se C¥y≥ t]‰‚v \nbaw G‰hpw klm-bn-®Xv Im¿jn-I ˛ Huj[ cwK-ß-sf-bm-bn-cp∂p. kzm{i-b-Xzhpw ka-Xz-t_m-[hw {]Xn-^-en® Cu \nbaw Adnhns‚ IpØ-I-h¬°-c-WsØ sNdp-°p∂ BtKm-f-am-Xr-I-bm-bncp-∂p. C≥Uybnse BtcmKy cwKØv KpW-]-c-amb am‰-߃°v klmb-amb H∂mWv 1970 ¬ \ne-hn¬ h∂ C≥Uy≥ t]‰‚v \nb-aw. aq∂mw temI cmP y-߃°v apgp-h≥ amXr-I-bmb {]kvXpX \nbaw BtcmKy cwKØv am{X-a√ C≥Uy≥ Huj[ hyh-kmb cwKØpw henb hf¿® km[y-am-°n. 1970\v tijw Ign™ 35 h¿j-Øn¬,  6

t]‰‚ v F∂m¬.... ]pXnb I≠p-]n-SnØw \S-Øp-∂-h¿°v AXp-]tbm-Kn®v hyh-km-bn-Im-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ D¬∏-∂߃ D≠m-°p-∂-Xn\v k¿°m¿ \¬Ip∂ AhImiamWv t]‰‚v. t]‰‚v e`n®p Ign-™m¬ Hcp hy‡n-bp-tStbm Iº-\n-bp-sStbm t]cn¬ B D¬∏-∂Ø - ns‚ Ah-Imiw cPn-ÿ sNø-s∏Sp-∂p. D¬∏-∂sØ samØ-amtbm, AXp-≠m°p∂ hnhn[ coXn-I-sftbm ({]-{In-b) t]‰‚v sNøm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. BZysØ coXnsb D¬]∂ t]‰‚v F∂p ]d-bp-∂p. t{]mk v t]‰‚v A\p-kc- n®v Hcp D¬∏∂w ]e coXn-I-fn¬ D≠m-°mw. F∂m¬ t]‰‚v sNøs∏´ "{]{Inb' thsd Bcpw D]-tbm-Kn-°-cp-Xv.

_u≤nI kzØ-h-Imi \nbaw

Hcp krjvSn AYhm Hcp I≠p]n-SpØw Hcp hy‡n-bpsS am{Xw Ign-hmsW∂v CXv ÿm]n-s®-Sp-°∂p. _u≤nI kzØ-hIm-i-\n-baw G‰hpw hen-b Hcp km{am-P yXz Nqj-W-amWv. imkv{Xw hf¿∂Xpw hf¿∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°-∂Xpw GXm\pw hy‡n-I-fpsS {iaw sIm≠p-am-{X-a√, Hmtcm ]pXnb Adnhpw I≠p-]n-Sp-Øßfpw as‰m-∂ns‚ XpS¿®-bm-Wv. KthjWw Hcp XpS¿{]-{Io-b-bmWv \ap°v aptº \S-∂-h-cpsS A≤zm-\- {]h¿Ø-\amWv hmkvX-h-Øn¬ Hmtcm I≠p]nSp-Øß-fp-sSbpw ASn-Ød. Hmtcm I≠p-]n-SpØhpw Hcp hy‡n-bpsS kw`m-h-\-b√ adn®v \nc-h[n I≠p]nSp-Ø-ß-fpsS XpS¿®bpw kaq-l-Øns‚ apgp-h≥ kw`mh-\Ifp-tSbpw XpS¿®-bm-Wv. ]gb Adnhn¬ \n∂mWv \mw ]pXnb Adn-hn-te°v t]mIp-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ _u≤nI kzØ-hImi \nbaw Adn-hns\ kaq-l-Øn¬ \n∂pw FSpØpam‰n kzIm-cy-kzØm°p∂p. Adn-hns\ km¿Δ-{Xo-I-cn-°pI F∂ ap≥Ime imkv{X-⁄≥am-cpsS kz]v\-amWv ChnsS XI¿∂p-t]m-Ip-∂Xv. t]‰‚v DS-a°p Itºm-f-Øn¬ IpØ-Im-hImiw e`n-°p-∂-Xn-\m¬, hne \nb-{¥-WØn¬ kaq-l-Øn\v ]¶n-√msX hcp-∂p. aqe-[\w Ip∂p-Iq-´m-\p≈ D]-I-c-W-ambn _u≤nI {]h¿Ø-\sØ Itºm-f-h¬°-cn°p-Ib - mWv TRIPS sNøp-∂X - v.

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


_lp- c mjv { S IpØ- I - I - f psS ]mh- b mbn C¥y amdp- I - b mWv

Huj[ cwKØv C≥Uy Hcp ]cn-[n-hsc kzbw ]cym-]vXX ssIh-cn-®p. 1971-˛¬ tIhew 250 tImSnhn-‰p-h-c-hp-≠m-bn-cp∂ Huj[ hyh-km-bw, 2005 HmsS 20,000 tImSn-bn-te°p hf¿∂p. hnI-knX apX-em-fnØ cmP y-ß-fn-te-°-S°w Huj[w Ib-‰pa-Xn-sN-øm-\p-ff tijn C¥y≥ hyh-kmbw ssIhcn-®p. temI-Øn¬ h®v G‰hpw Ipd™ \nc°n¬ Huj[w e`y-am-Ip∂ cmP y-ambn C≥Uy hf¿∂p. temIØv as‰√m cmP y-ß-fnepw \ne-\n¬°p-∂Xv D¬∏∂ t]‰‚mWv. Hcp Huj[w I≠p-]n-Sn®m¬, 15-˛20 h¿jw hsc B Huj-[-Øns‚ IpØIm-h-Imiw AXp-I-≠p ]nSn® Iº-\n°v Ah-Imi-s∏´p In´p-∂-Xm-Wv D¬∏∂ t]‰‚v. 1970se \nbaw hgn C≥Uy-bn¬ {]{Inbm t]‰‚v \nehn¬ h∂p. Htc D¬∏-∂w, hyXykvX {]{In-b-bneqsS hnI-kn-∏n-s®-Sp-°ptºmƒ B {]{In-b-°mWv C≥Uy- b n¬ t]‰‚v \¬Ip- I . Hcp D¬∏∂w hyXyÿ {]{In-b-bn-eq-sS, hnI-kn-∏n-s®-Sp-°m≥ D¬∏-∂-ß-fpsS taep-ff IpØI Ah-km-\n-∏n°p-hm≥ klm-b-I-am-bn. temI Itºm-f-Øn¬ ]pXn-b-Xmbn I≠p]nSn-°s∏´ Huj-[-߃ C≥Uy-bn¬ 4-˛5 h¿jØn\p≈n¬ D¬]m-Zn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-hm≥ 1970se \nbaw klm-bn-®p. hyh-kmb hf¿® IqSp-X¬ sXmgn¬ km[y-X°v hgn sh®p. Huj[ \n¿Ωm-Ww-, hnXcWw, hn]- W \w F∂o taJ- e - b n¬ hºn® sXmgn¬ km[y-X-bm-Wv 1970\p tijapff Im¬ \q‰m-≠n¬ A\p-`-h-th-Zy-am-b-Xv. {]{In-bm-t]-‰‚ ns‚ ÿm\-Øv, D¬∏∂ t]‰‚ n\v AwKo-Imcw \¬Ip-∂X - m-Wv ]pXnb \nbaw. X¬^e-ambn C∂v D]-tbm-K-Øn-en-cn-°p-∂-Xpw, I≠p-]nSn-°-s∏-´-Xn-\p-tijw 20 h¿jw Ign-bm-Ø-Xp-amb Huj-[-߃, \n¿Ωn-°p-hm\pw hn]-W\w \S-Øphm\pw, AXv D]-tbm-Kn-°p-hm-\p-ap≈ ]ucmhImiw \ap°v \jvS-am-Ipw. Huj-[-ß-fpsS IpØI-h¬°-c-W-Øn-\pw, XZzmcm hne-h¿≤-\-hn\pw hgn-sh-bv°pw. Hcp hi-Øv, Huj[D]-t`m‡m°sf Nqj-WØn\p hnt[-b-am-°p∂ ]pXnb \nb-aw, cmP yØns‚ ]c-am-[n-Im-csØ t]mepw A]-I-S-Øn-em°pw.-D¬∏∂ t]‰‚v {]Imcw Huj[w hn]-W\w \S-Øm-\pw, \S-Øm-Xn-cn-°m-\p-ap-ff Ah-Im-iw, Iº- \ n- I - f n¬ A[n- j vSn- X - a m- W v. \ΩpsS P\߃°m-h-iy-ap-ff Huj[w _lp-cmjv{S Iº-\nIfptSXv am{X-am-hp-tºmƒ AXp-h-®v, AXn-`o-I-cambn hnet]im≥ Ah¿°-h-k-c-am-hpw. C≥Uy≥ P\-X-bpsS BtcmKyw, IpØI-Iƒ \n›-bn-°p∂ hne-bv°p≈ "N-c° - mbn' amdpw. a’-cm-[n-jvTnX hn]W\ kml-N-cy-Øn¬ krjvSn-°-s∏´ sXmgn-e-hk-c-߃ \jvS-s∏SpIbpw sNøpw. s]‰‚v \nb-a߃ am‰m≥ [rXn-]n-Sn-®-Xns‚ Imc-W-߃ a\ n-em-bn-t√. 7

""9000 t]‰‚ v At]-£-Iƒ "sabn¬ t_mIvkn'ep-≠-∂mWv R߃ IW-°m-°p-∂-Xv.... ]m¿en-sa‚nse Hcp adp-]Sn {]Imcw 5636 sabn¬ t_mIvkv At]-£-I-fn¬ 4398Dw \¬In-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv hntZi tIm¿∏-td-j-\p-I-fm-Wv...! 78% t]‰‚ v At]-£-Iƒ hntZ-i-Ip-Ø-I-Ifp-tS-X-sW∂v hcn-Ibpw; t]‰‚ v \nc-¥cw ]pXp-°m-\-h-kcw e`n-°pIbpw sNbvXm¬ AXns‚ A¿∞w acp-∂p-hn-e-Iƒ IpXn-®p-b-cp-sa∂m-Wv... IqSmsX Poh≥ c£m Huj-[-\-߃°p≈XmtWm Cu t]‰‚ v At]-£-Iƒ F∂v k¿°m¿ shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´n-√... Iym≥kdn-\p≈ acp∂v Poh≥c£m Huj-[-a-s√∂v ]d-bm-\m-hptam? -hne \nb-{¥W ]´n-I-bn¬ s]SmØ Poh≥ c£m Huj-[-Øn\v F¥p hnebpw BIm-sa∂mtWm? Leena Menghany (Affordable Medicines and Treatment Campaign)

""t]‰‚ v \nbaw ]mkm-°n-b-tXmsS _lp-cm-jv{S-Ip-Ø-I-I-fpsS ]mh-bmbn C¥y amdp-I-bm-Wv.. cmjv{S-Øn\p th≠ Blmcw, Huj[w, Irjn, Btcm-Ky, ta-J-e-Isf F∂-t∂-°p-ambn ssIsbm-gnbp∂ {]{In-b-bmWv CtXmsS ]q¿Øn-bm-bn-´p-≈-Xv..... t]‰‚ v \nbaw ]m¿en-sa‚ v ]mkm-°nb Znhkw \ΩpsS Ncn-{X-Ønse IdpØ Znhk-ß-fn-sem-∂mWv'' Dr. Yousuf Hameed, CMD, CIPLA PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


Huj- [ - \ - ß ƒ AXn- k - º - ∂ - c psS am{Xw Ah- I m- i - a mhpw kaq-lsØ \ntj-[n®v hy‡n-bn-te°v 

C¥y≥ t]‰‚ v \nbaw ˛1970 ]pXnb t]‰‚ v \nbaw kaq-l-Øns‚ Ah-Im-ißsf hy‡n-bn-te°v Npcp-°p-∂p. imkv{X-Øns‚ hf¿® FÆn-Øo¿°m-hp∂ GXm\pw hy‡n-I-fpsS {ia-^-e-ambn am{Xw D≠m-°n-bn-´p-f-f-X-√. t]‰‚ v \nbaw imkv { Xhn⁄m- \ sØ kaq- l - Ø ns‚ s]mXpkzØv kzImcy D¬]-∂-am-°p-∂p. t]‰‚p-Sabv°v Itºm-f-Øn¬ IpØ-Im-h-Imiw e`n-°p-∂Xn-\m¬ D¬∏-∂-Øns‚ hne \n›-bn-°p-∂-Xnepw kaq-l-Øn\v ]¶n-√msX hcp-∂p. t]‰‚p-Sa Bhiy-s∏-Sp∂ hnebv°v D¬∏∂w hmßm≥ D]-t`m‡mhv \n¿_-‘n-X-am-Ip-∂p. t]‰‚ v sNbvX 1035 acp-∂p-Iƒ Ata-cn-°≥ Huj[ \nb-{¥W AtXm-dn´n ]cn-tim-[n-®-t∏mƒ, 35 iXam\Øn¬ am{Xta ]pXnb LS-I-߃ Is≠-Øm\m-bp-f-fp. t]‰‚ v \nbaw {]m_-ey-Øn-em-Ip-∂tXmsS t]‰‚hIm-i-ap-ff ]pXnb acp-∂p-I-fpsS {]fbw Xs∂ Itºm- f - Ø n- e p- ≠ mIpw. GXp- h n[Ønepw t]‰‚hImiw t\Sn-sb-Sp-°m≥ a’-cn°p∂ hntZ-i° - º - \ - n-Iƒ Ah-iy-ac - p-∂p-If - psS hne am\w aps´ Db¿Øpw. km[m-c-W-°m¿ Huj-[am¿°-‰n¬\n∂pw ]pdw-Xf-- -f-s∏Spw. Poh≥c£m Huj- [ - ß ƒ t]mepw BUw- _ c hkvXp-°-fmbn amdpw. temIØv G‰-hp-a-[nIw Zcn{Z-cp-ff cmPy-amWv C¥y. 2004 ¬ bp.F≥.Un.]n ]pdØn-d-°nb dnt∏m¿´-\-pk-cn®v {]Xn-Zn\w Hcp tUmf¿ (45 cq]) t]mepw hcp-am-\-an-√mØ C¥ym-°m-cpsS FÆw 35 tImSn-bm-Wv. hntZ-i-°-º-\n-Iƒ \n›-bn°p∂ Xohnebv ° v acp- ∂ p- h mßn Poh≥ \ne\n¿Øm��� Ah¿s°-ßs\ Ignbpw? £b- t cmK NnIn- ’ °v D]- t bm- K n- ® n- c p∂ dn^mw]nkn¬ F∂ acp∂v Hc-ta-cn-°≥ Iº\n 1974 ¬ C¥y-bn¬ hn‰-gn-®Xv; Kpfn-I°v 35 cq] F∂ Xo]nSn® hne-bv°m-bn-cp-∂p. IpjvT-tcmK NnIn-’°pw Cu acp∂v {]tbm-P-\-s∏-Sp-sa∂v Is≠-Ønb-tXmsS Cu acp-∂n\v Bh-iy-°m-cpsS FÆw hf-sc-b-[nIw h¿≤n-®p. 1980¬, \n¿Ωm-W-co-Xn-bn¬ Nne am‰-߃ hcpØn C¥y≥ Huj- [ - ° - º - \ n- I ƒ {]kv X pX Huj[w hnI-kn-∏n-s®-SpØp. CXns‚ hnebmIs´ Kpfn-Isbm∂n\v shdpw aq∂v cq]bm-bn-cp-∂p. FbvUvkv NnIn-’-°p-ff B‚n dnt{Sm-ssh-d¬ acp∂v knπ (CIPLA) F∂ C¥y≥ Iº\n B{^n°≥ cmPy-߃°v \¬Ip-∂Xv (Hcp tcmKn°v Hcm≠n¬) 350 tUmf¿ F∂ \nc-°n-emW.v F∂m¬ CtX acp-∂n\v IpØ-I-°-º-\n-Iƒ CuSm-°p-∂Xv icm-icn 1200 tUmf-dmWv ! FbvUvkv tcmKn-Iƒ D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ 3 Sn.-kn. eman-hp-kn≥ F∂ B‚n sshd¬ Huj-[-Øn\v Ata-cn-°-bn¬ Hcp tcmKn Hcp-h¿jw 3271 tUmf¿ sNe-hn-tS≠n hcp-tºmƒ knπ, slt{Sm F∂o C¥y≥ Iº-\n-Iƒ Cu acp∂v hn¬°p-∂Xv bYm-{Iaw 150/50 tUmf-dn\mWv. 8

C¥y-bn¬ 1859¬ {_n´o-jp-Im¿ Hcp t]‰‚v \nbaw D≠m-°n-bncp-∂p. AXn-\p-tijw 1888 epw 1911 epw ]pXnb \nb-a-߃ D≠mbn. Ch-sb√mw {_n´o-jp-Im-cpsS C¥y-bnse Itºmf Xm¬]-cy߃ kwc-£n-°m-\m-bn-cp∂p \n¿Ωn-®Xv. kzmX-{¥y-Øn\p tijw 1952 ¬ Cu \nbaw kaq-e-ambn ]cn-jvI-cn®p. AXn\pw t]mcmbvaI - ƒ D≠m-bn-cp-∂X - n-\m¬ tI{μ-k¿°m¿ C°mcyw hni-Za- mbn ]Tn-°m≥ c≠v IΩo-j-\p-Isf \ntbm-Kn®p. c≠p IΩo-j-\p-Ifpw, C¥y ]mcokv I¨sh≥j-\n¬ tNtc-≠-Xns√∂pw kz¥ambn Hcp t]‰‚v \nbaw D≠m-°-W-sa∂pw \n¿t±-in®ncp-∂p. Aßn-s\-bmWv 1970¬ C¥y≥ t]‰‚v \nbaw ]m¿en-sa‚v AwKoI-cn-®X - v. 1970se C¥y≥ t]‰‚v \nbaØn\v H´-\-h[n khn-ti-j-X-Iƒ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. AXn¬ {][m-\-am-bh Ch-bm-Wv. 1. BW-thm¿÷ taJ-ebv°v t]‰‚v \¬In-√. 2. Irjn, NnIn-’m-co-Xn, kq£va Poh Pme-߃ F∂n-hs°m∂pw t]‰‚ n\¿l-X-bn√. 3. Huj[w, cmk-hk - vXp-°ƒ F∂n-h°v {]{Inbm t]‰‚v am{Xta A\p-hZ- n-°p-Ib - p-≈q. 4. s]mXp-P\ Xm¬]cyw ap≥ \n¿Øn k¿°m-cn\v F∂p thWsa-¶nepw t]‰‚v d±p sNømw 5. t]‰‚v DS-a-I-fpsS `mKØp \n∂p-ff hogvN-Isf k¿°mcn\p tNmZyw sNøm-\p-ff Ah-Im-iap≠m-bn-cn-°pw. 6. \n¿_‘nX ssek≥knßv k{º- Z mbw \ne- h n- e p- ≠ mbn-cn-°pw. 7. t{]mkkv t]‰‚v Imem-h[n 7 apX¬ 14 h¿jw am{X-am-bn-cn°pw. 8. t]‰‚v Ip‰-߃ sXfn-bn-t°-≠Xv t]‰‚v DS-a-bpsS _m≤yX-bm-Wv.

C\n kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv 1. C\n {]-{In-b°v ]Icw D¬∏∂-Øn-\mWv t]‰‚v Ah-Imiw \¬Ip-I. 2. t]‰‚ n-t\m-sSm∏w kºq¿Æ hn]-W\ - m-[n-Im-chpw t]‰‚v DSa°v e`n-°pw. 3. t]‰‚v Imem-h[n 20 h¿j-am-bn-cn°pw 4. kqjva Poh-Pm-eß - ƒ°-S°w t]‰‚v Ah-Imiw \¬Ipw (kky-ßsf am{Xw t]‰‚ n¬ \n∂v Hgn-hm-°-bn-´p-≠v) 5. cmk-h-kvXp-°ƒ, acp-∂p-Iƒ, Ah-bpsS an{in-X-߃ `£W-]-Zm¿∞-߃ F∂n-hbv°v D¬]∂ t]‰‚v \¬Ipw. 6. C¥y≥ Huj[ Iº-\n-Iƒ ]pXnb ssek≥kn\v At]-£n°-Ww. 7. Im¿jnI D¬∏-∂-߃, Po\p-Iƒ, hnØp-Iƒ F∂n-hbv°pw D¬]∂ t]‰‚v \¬Ipw. 8. Irjnbpw, a\pjy\pw, Pohn-Iƒ°p-ap≈ NnIn-’m-ap-dIƒ, imkv{X{Inb, AWpi‡n F∂n-hbpw t]‰‚v sNø-s∏-Spw. 9. ssPh-km-t¶-XnI hnZy°v ta¬ IpØ-I-Iƒ°v kºq¿Æ A[n-Imcw e`n-°pw. 10. 1980 apX¬ _mIvSo-cn-bsØ t]‰‚v sNøm≥ Ata-cn-°≥ kp{]ow tImSXn A\p-h-Zn-®p. 1985-˛¬ kky-Øn-\pw, 1989-˛¬ P¥p-hn\pw Ata-cn-°-bn¬ t]‰‚v A\p-h-Zn-®p... CXns‚ Bh¿Ø\w C¥y-bnepw hcp-sa∂v t]‰s‚ \nb-a-t`-Z-KXn ap∂-dn-bn∏v \¬Ip-∂p. PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


acp- ∂ p- h n- e - I ƒ Bbn- c w- a - S - ß mbn Dbcpw bm-Ym¿∞y-߃ aqSn-sh-°p∂ `c-W-IqSw C¥ybn¬ Ct∏mƒ D]-tbm-K-Øn-ep-ff acp-∂p-I-fn¬ 97 i-Xam-\-Øn\pw t]‰‚ v Bh-iy-an-s√∂pw AXn-\m¬ t]‰‚ v t`ZKXn km[m-c-W°msc _m[n-°n-s√-∂p-amWv ]d-bp-∂-Xv. CXv sX‰mb \nK-a-\-am-Wv. ]pXnb t`Z-KXn \nb-a-ambtXmsS t]‰‚ v At]-£-I-fp-ambn IpØ-I-Iƒ s\t´m´w XpS-ßpw. ]gb acp∂ns‚ ]pXnb D]-tbmKw hsc Ah¿°v t]‰‚ v sNømw . _lp- c mjv { S tIm¿∏- t d- j \p- I ƒ°p- t \sc sNdp- h n- c ¬ Db¿Øm≥ \ΩpsS `c- W - I q- S - Ø n- \ m- h ptam? ]pXnb \nbahyhÿ-Iƒ GsX-¶nepw C¥y≥ Iº\n ewLn-°p-∂Xmbn kwibw tXm∂n-bm¬ hntZ-iIº-\n°v \oXn-]o-TsØ kao- ] n°mw. CØ- c - Ø n- e p- f f \nc- h [n tIkp- I ƒ Ct∏mƒXs∂ C¥y-bnse hnhn[ sslt°m-S-Xn-I-fn¬ \nehn-ep-≠v. C\n CØ-c-Øn-ep-ff tIkp-IfpsS IpsØm-gp-°pXs∂ D≠m-Ipw. t\mhm¿´nkv F∂ _lp-cmjv{S IpØpI Iº\n sNss∂ sslt°m-S-Xn-bn¬ ^b¬ sNbvX tIkv Hcp DZm-l-c-W-am-Wv. eqt°anb tcmK-Øn-\p-ff acp∂p hn‰p-h-∂n-cp∂ 6 C¥y≥ Iº- \ n- I - f mWv tIknse {]Xn- I ƒ. •ohv F∂v t]cp- f f Iym≥k¿ {]Xn-tcm[ acp∂v Xß-fpsS IpØ-I-bm-sW-∂m-Wv Iº\n hmZn-®-Xv. Iº-\n-bpsS hmZw AwKo-I-cn-®p-sIm≠v C¥y≥ Iº-\n-I-fpsS DXv]m-Z\w Xm¬°m-en-I-ambn \n¿Ønsh-°m≥ tImSXn DØ-c-hn-´p. AXn-s\¥m F∂mhpw tNmZyw. t\mhm¿´okv D¬]m-Zn-∏n-°p∂ acp-∂ns‚ GI-tZi hne KpfnI, H∂n-\v- B-bncw Ddp-∏n-IbmWv. F∂m¬ C¥y≥ \n¿ΩnX Huj[-Øns‚ hne Kpfn-I°v 90 cq]bpw. Hcp tcmKn Znh-khpw 4 Kpfn-I-Iƒ hoXw Ign-°-Ww. AXm-bXv Hcp Im≥k¿ tcmKn-

bn¬ \n∂pw Hcp Znhkw s\mhm¿´ok Iº\n Du‰n-sbSp-°p∂ A[nI em`w 3600 cq]-bmWv! CXp Xs∂-bmWv t]‰‚ns‚ cmjv{So-bw. 460 _ney≥ tUmf-dns‚ Huj[ hn]-Wn-bn¬ C¥ybpsS hnlnXw Hcp iX-am-\-Øn¬ Xmsg-bm-Wv. \ne-hnep≈ Hcp acp-∂ns‚ hyXykvX-cq]w D¬]m-Zn-∏n-°p-∂Xp-t]mse Ffp-∏-a√ Hcp ]pXnb acp∂p Is≠-Øn D¬]m-Zn-∏n-°p-∂Xv. Ah-nI-kn-X-amb Hcp cmjv{S-Øn\v Cu Npa-Xe \nd-th-‰m-≥ Ign-bmsX hcp-tºmƒ \ΩpsS P\X ]nS™p acn-°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ Is≠-Ønb hgn-I-fnsem-∂m-bn-cp∂p 1970se C¥y≥ t]‰‚ v \nb-aw. hni-°p∂ temI-Øns‚ thZ-\I-sfm∂pw aqe-[\ hyhkm-bn-Iƒ°p {]iv\-am-In-√. em`w ]c-am-h[n h¿≤n∏n-°m-\p-X-Ip∂ acp-∂p-Iƒ hnI-kn-∏n-s®-Sp-°m-\mWv IpØ-II - ƒ Xm¬]-cy-s∏-Sp-∂X - v. hnI-kzc cmPy-ßf - n¬ [mcm-f-am-bp-ff £bw, IpjvTw, hb-dn-f-°w, \yqtamWnb, ae-º\n XpS-ßnb tcmK-ß-sf-°p-dn®v IqSp-X¬ ]Tn-°mt\m Kth-jWw \S-Ømt\m IpØ-I-Iƒ°p Xm¬]-cy-an-√. temIm-tcmKy kwL-S-\-bpsS IW-°-\pk-cn®v s]mXp-P-\m-tcm-Ky-ta-J-e-bn¬ Kth-j-W-Øn\mbn BtKm-f-X-e-Øn¬ Nne-hn-Sp∂ samØw XpI shdpw 56 _ney≥ tUmf-dm-Wv. hnI-kzc cmPy-ß-fn¬ km[m-c-W-amb Akp-J-ßsfbpw kmw{I-anI tcmKßsfbpw Ipdn-®p≈ Kth-jW߃°v Nne-hn-Sp-∂Xv Cu XpI-bpsS 0.2 iX-am\w am{X-am-Wv t]mepw.

' \ne-hn-ep≈ acp-∂p-If- psS ]pXnb kwbp-‡-߃°v t]‰‚v \¬Ip-∂Xn- t e°v ]pXnb \nbaw hgpXnt∏mbm¬ C¥y≥ t]‰‚v \nbaw \Ωp-sSbpw Zcn-{Z-cm-jv{S-ßfp-sSbpw Ah-Im-i-߃ Ih-cp-Ibmhpw sNøp-I. Cu IpØ-Ih - ¬°cWw, hne-Ip-d®v acp∂v e`n-°m-\p≈ ]mh-ß-fpsS Ah-Im-iw Ih-cpw.. acp∂v hne BbncwaSßv hsc Dbcmw....''

Xo¿®-bmbpw a÷ \nß-tf-tSXv Xs∂ ]s£ AXns‚ t]‰‚ v Ah¿°p-≈-XmWv

""t]‰‚v \nbaw hfsc {][m-\s∏´ \nba\n¿Ωm-W-am-Wv... IcSv \nbaw s]mXp-P-\-N¿®-°pw, ]cntim-[-\°pw hnt[-b-am-°p-Ibpw kwbp‡ ]m¿en-sa‚-dn-ka- n-Xn-bpsS ]cn-K-W-\°v hnSp-I-bp-am-bn-cp∂p sNtø-≠n-bn-cp-∂X - v..' Gajanam Wakankar - Indian Drug Manufactures Association

9

a\p-jym-h-b-h-߃ t]mepw t]‰‚ v sNø-s∏Smw PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


CXv hfsc henb Zpc- ¥ - ß fpsS XpS- ° - a mhmXn- c n- ° m≥..... CS-Xp-t`-Z-K-Xn-Iƒ \S-∏m-°-s∏-Sp-sa∂v Dd-∏p-h-cp-Ø-Ww. t]‰‚ v \nb-a-Øn\v ta¬ CS-Xp-]£w sIm≠p h∂ t`Z-K-Xn-Iƒ A©p Imcy-ßfn¬ cmPy-Xm¬]cyw kwc-£n-°p-∂-h-bm-Wv ˛ H∂v, C¥y≥ Huj[ hyh-kmbw DS-\Sn XI¿∂p-t]m-In-√. c≠v, Ahn-I-knX cmjv{S-߃°v hne-Ip-d™ C¥y≥ \n¿ΩnX acp-∂p-Iƒ Xp¿∂pw e`n-°pw. aq∂v, {]{Inbm t]‰‚neqsS ChnsS D¬]m-Zn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp∂ acp∂v tdmb¬´n \¬Inbn-´m-sW-¶nepw XpS¿∂pw D¬]m-Zn-∏n-°mw. \mev, sF.-Sn. IpØ-I-I-fpsS ta[m-hnXzw Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øp∂ tkm^v‰vshb¿ t]‰‚nwKv Xocp-am\w sNdp-InS sF.-Sn. Iº-\n-Iƒ DSs\ XI-cn-√. A©v, Ccp-]X h¿j D¬]-∂-t]-‰‚ v Imem-h-[n-bn¬ ]c-am-h[n A©p h¿jw hsc Ipdhp hcmw. C{Xbpw Imcy-߃ kw`-hn-®-Xn\v C¥y≥ Huj-[-hy-h-km-bhpw AhnsS ]Wnsb-Sp-°p∂ sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpw, C¥y≥ Huj-[-߃ sIm≠v Poh≥ \ne-\n¿Øp∂ hntZ-i-ß-fnsebpw C¥y-bn-sebpw \nXy-tcm-Kn-I-fpw, sNdp-InS tkm^v‰vsh-b¿ Iº\n-Ifpw CS-Xp-]-£-tØmSv am{Xw IS-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. acp∂v hne IpXn-®p-b-cp∂ Ahÿbv°v Nne ]cn-°p-I-tfm-sS-bm-sW-¶nepw Cu t`Z-K-Xn-Iƒ XS- -am-hp-∂p-≠v. tImSnIW-°n\v tcmKn-I-fpsS Poh≥ \ne-\n¿Øm≥ klm-bn-°p∂ {]kvXpX am‰Øn\pw CS-Xp-]-£-tØmSv am{X-amWv cmPyw IS-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ t`Z-KXn hcpØn AwKo-I-cn® t]‰‚ v \nb-a-hy-h-ÿ-Iƒ \S-∏m-°-s∏-Sp-∂p-sh∂v Dd∏v hcp-ØmsX Cu t\´-߃ t]mepw A\p-`-hn-°m≥ \ap°v tbmK-ap-≠m-hn-√. _lp-cmjv{S IpØ-I-Iƒ°v th≠n C¥y≥ t]‰‚ v \nbaw s]mfn-s®-gp-Xnb _n.sP.-]nbpw tIm¨{K-kpw, A¥m-cmjv{S IpØ-Ia - q-e[ - \hpw Ch-cp-sS-sb√mw Z√mƒamcmb C¥y≥ DtZym-Kÿ ta[m-hn-Xzhpw AS-ßnb AXn-hn-]p-e-amb A®p-X-≠n-t\mSp≈ bp≤w Cu t`Z-K-Xn-I-fn-eqsS Pbn-®p-sh∂v IcpXp∂-Xnepw henb auVyw thd-bn-√. C¥y≥ t]‰‚ v \nbaw D¬]∂ t]‰‚ v \nb-a-ambn amdnb-tXmsS \ΩpsS kºZv LS-\-bn¬ \n∂v {]Xn-h¿jw 100 _ney≥ tUmf¿ A¥-cm-j-{S-Ip-Ø-I-Iƒ°v sN∂ptN-cp-sa-∂mWv (45 e£w tImSn cq]) hnZ-Kv[-cpsS A`n-{]m-bw. C{Xbpw `oam-Im-camb Itºmfw Xpd∂p In´p-tºmƒ t]‰‚ v \nb-a-Øn¬ CS-Xp-]£w sIm≠p-h∂ t`Z-K-Xn-Iƒ D≠m-°p∂ "Ipd-hp-Iƒ' \nI-Øm≥ `c-W-Iq-SsØ hne-s°-Sp-°pI Ah¿°v \n mc Imcy-am-Wv. a≥-taml≥ knMv apX¬ Aep-hm-en-bmbpw NnZw-_chpw hsc-bp≈ DtZym-K-ÿ-∑m-cpsS ta¬t\m-´-Øn¬ cmjv{Sw Xs∂ Xosd-gp-Xns°m-≠n-cn-°p-tºmƒ, CS-Xp-]£w sIm≠p-h∂ t]‰‚ v t`Z-K-Xn-Iƒ hfsc thKw \o°w sNø-s∏-Sp-sa-∂p-d-∏m-Wv. Cu t`Z-K-Xn-Iƒ `c-W-Iq-S-Øns‚ h¿§-kz-`m-hØn\v hsc am‰w hcp-Øp-sa∂v Icp-Xp-∂-h-cp-≠v, kq£n-°p-I. hfsc henb P\Iob {]Xn-tcm-[-߃ Db¿∂p hcp-∂n-s√-¶n¬, (t`Z-K-Xn-Iƒ A£cw{]Xn \S-∏m°-s∏-Sp-∂n-s√-¶n¬) Cu sNdnb hnPbw hfsc henb Zpc-¥-߃°v hgn-sh-°pw. Ft‚-Xv.....!

Ch¿ A`n-\h PqXm-kp-Iƒ ]e A¥m-cmjv{S Icm-dp-If- nepw H∏n-Sp∂Xpw N¿®-If- n¬ ]s¶-SpØv Xocp-am\-߃ FSp-°p-∂Xpw D∂X DtZym-Kÿ≥am- c mWv . P\{]Xn- \ n- [ n- I ƒ t]mepw ]eXpw Adn-bp-∂Xv hfsc Ign™m-Wv. \mSns\ ]Wbw sh°m-\p-ff B[m-cØ - n¬ H∏n´ ]ecpw C∂v cmPyØn\p shfn-bn¬ cmjv{Sm-¥c tIm¿∏td‰v Iº-\n-If- psS taem-f≥am-cm-Wv. Km´v Icm-dn¬ H∏n´ B¿.-sI. J∂Ct∏mƒ Ata-cn-°b - n¬ ÿnc Xma-k°m-cm-\m-Ws- {X...! kºq¿Æ hn]-W\ - m[n-Im-c-Øns‚ BZy c‡-km-£n-I-fmIm≥ t]mIp-∂Xv kn.-Fw.-F¬ F∂ Npcp-°t- ∏-cn¬ Adn-b∏ - S- p∂ Hcp Xcw c‡m¿_pZw ( Chronic Myloid Leukamia) _m[n® tcmKn-If - m-Wv. Cu Akp-JØ - n\v Cipla, Ranbaxy, Sun F∂o C¥y≥ Iº-\n-Iƒ D¬]m-Zn-∏n°p∂ acp-∂n\v icm-icn 100 cq]-bmWv Hcp Kpfn-I° - v hne. Hcp Znhkw 4 KpfnI-bmWv Ign-t°-≠-Xv. Hcp amksØ Kpfn-I°v Nne-hm-t°-≠Xv 1200 cq]-bmWv. BZysØ t]‰‚v \nb-t`-ZK - X - n-tbmsS, Cu acp-∂ns‚ I≠p-]n-Sp-Ø-°m-cmb X߃°mWv acp-∂ns‚ IpØ-Im-hImiw F∂ hmZ-hp-ambn _lp-cm-jv{SIp-Ø-I-bmb t\mhm¿´okv cwK-sØØn. sNss∂ tImS-Xn-bn¬ Iº\n tIkp sImSp-Øp. Ah¿ Pbn-°pIbpw sNbvXp. t\mhm¿´okv F∂ Iº\n- b psS {]kv X pX acp- ∂ mb "•ohm°n's‚ hne-bd- n-tbt≠? Hcp Kpfn-I°v ˛ 1000 cq] Znhkw 4 KpfnI ˛ AXm-bXv 4000 cq] Hcp amk-tØ°v ˛ 1,20,000 cq] 1200 cq]-bn¬ \n∂v 1,20,000 cq]-bn-te°p≈ Zqc-amWv t]‰‚v \nb-at- `-ZK - Xn \ap°v \¬Ip-∂X - v. t\mhm¿´okv Iº-\nbv°v •ohm°v F∂ Huj-[-Øns‚ IpØ-Im-h-Imiw t\Sns°m-Sp-°m≥ sNss∂ tImS-Xn-bn¬ hmZn®Xv Bsc-∂d- n-tbt≠?

C¥y≥ [\- I m- c y- a {¥n NnZw- _ cw Xs∂. ]ip \nß-tf-Sm-Xm-hmw... ]s£ Ip´n-bpsS Ah-Imiw R߃°mWv tIt´m.... 10

- KMSRA eLp-teJ PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


_lp- c mjv { S IpØ- I - I ƒ Nqj- W - Ø ns‚ Ah- X m- c - ß - f mWv \nXy-l-cnX t]‰‚nwKv CS-Xp-]-£-t`-Z-KXn hgn `mKn-I-ambn Hgn-hm-bn-´p-s≠¶nepw CXv adn-I-S-°m-\p≈ \nc-h[n t]mwh-gn-Iƒ _lp-cmjv{S `oa-∑m¿ I≠p-sh-®n-´p-≠v. AXn-sem∂mWv Data Exclusivity F∂-dn-bs - ∏-Sp∂ hnh-cß - f - psS IpØ-Im-h-Im-iw. Huj-[-߃°pw Im¿jnI cmk D¬]-∂-߃°pw t]‰‚ v e`y-am-°m≥ ka¿∏n-°p∂ hnh-c-߃ AXns‚ DS-a-bpsS "kz¥-ambn' shbv°phm-\p≈ Ah-Imiw WTObpsS `uXnI kzØ-hI - mi \n¿Δ-N-\-Øn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-∂p. Cu \n¿Δ-N\w C¥y≥ t]‰‚ v \nb-a-Øn¬ IS-∂pIq-Sn-bn-´p-≠m-hmw. Aßn-s\-sb-¶n¬, t]‰‚ v Imem-h[n Ign-™mepw, as‰mcp Iº\n°v AtX D¬∏-∂w \n¿Ωn°m-\mhiyamb hnh-c-߃ e`n-°n-√. CXv ^e-Øn¬ ]gb "t]‰‚ v ssIhiw shbv°m≥' DS-a°v Ah-kcw \¬Ipw. \n¿_-‘nX ssek≥kv e`n-°p-Ib - m-sW-¶nepw hnhc- ß - f psS e`y- X - b n- √ msX AØcw D¬]- ∂ \n¿ΩmWw km≤y-a-√msX hcpw. tZiob kwcw-`I¿°v ssIh- c p- s a∂v Icp- X p∂ "{]tXyI ssek≥kv' A¿≤-iq-\y-am-hm≥ CXn-e-[nIw F¥pth-Ww. Kth-jW ÿm]-\-߃°v t]‰‚ v hnh-c-߃ ]pXpXmbn Xs∂ Is≠- t Ø- ≠ n- h - c p- s a- ∂ mWv Data Exclusivity]d-™p-X-cp-∂-Xv.

_lp-cmjv{S Iº-\n-Iƒ t]‰‚ v sNø-s∏´ Huj-[-ß-fpsS hne \n›-bn-°p-∂-Xn¬ bmsXmcp \oXnbpw ]pe¿Øp-∂n-√. kvanØv ss¢≥ _o®ans‚ Atam-Ivkn-en\v ]mIn-kvXm-\n¬ F´p tUmfdpw Im\-U-bn¬ 14tUmfdpw ^nen-∏o≥kn¬ 29 tUmfdpw ate-jy-bn¬ 34 tUmfdpw C≥t‚mt\-jy-bn¬ 40 tUmf-dp-amWv hne. temIm-tcmKy kwL-S-\-bpsS IW-°-\p-k-cn®v t]‰‚ v sNø-s∏´ acp-∂p-I-fpsS \n¿amWs®e-hns‚ 20 aSßv apX¬ \qdp-a-Sßv hsc-bmWv Iº-\n-Iƒ hne-bn-Sp-∂-Xv. ]pXnb acp-∂p-I-fpsS Kth-j-W-Øn-\mbn X߃ apS-°p∂ XpIbpw, Aan-X-em`hpw ]c-ky-sN-ehpw tN¿Øv hne CuSm-°p-∂p. Huj-[-ta-J-e-bnse Kth-jW-Øns‚ ]Ip-Xn-tbmfw s]mXp-ÿm-]-\ß-fmb k¿Δ-I-em-im-e-Ifpw Kth-jW C≥Ãn-‰yq-´p-I-fp-am-Wv \S-Øp∂-Xv. AXns‚ kZv^-e-߃ Iº-\n-Iƒ Gs‰-Sp-°p-I-bmWv sNøp-∂-Xv.

Kth-jW sNe-sh√mw acp-∂p-hn-e-bn¬ Iq´n-bn-´mWv IpØI-Iƒ hym]mcw sNøp-∂-Xv. Kth-j-W-߃°mbn X߃ Nne-h-gn® ]Ww aS-°n-In-´m-\mWv t{]mUIvSv t]‰‚ v F∂mWv hmZw. F∂m¬ Kth-jW sNe-shns‚ {][m\ `mKw hln-°p-∂-Xv. s]mXpÿm]-\ßtfm Kh¨sat‚m BWv. TAYOL F∂ Iym≥k¿ acp∂v Kth-jWw \SØn hnI-kn-∏n-®Xv Ata-cn-°-bnse tZiob Iym≥k¿ C≥Ãn-‰yq-´mWv. hn]-W-\-Øn-\mbn Hcp IpØ-I-I-º-\nsb Ah¿ AXv G¬∏n-®p. 0.25 an√n{Kmw Kpfn-Ibv°v tUmf-dns‚ \men-sem∂v hne-bn-Sm-\m-bncp∂p \¬Inb \n¿t±iw. F∂m¬ 4.87 tUmf¿ hnebn´mWv Iº\n KpfnI Itºm-f-Øn-en-d-°n-bXv. Huj-[-K-th-j-W-sØ-°p-dn®v Ata-cn°≥ k¿°m¿ \S-Ønb ]T\w ]d-bp-∂-Xv, 1955\v tijw Ata-cn-°bn¬ hnI-kn-∏n-s®-SpØ 37 Im≥k¿ acp-∂p-I-fn¬ 34 FÆØns‚bpw Kth-jW Nnehv hln-®Xv k¿°m¿ Xs∂-bm-bn-cp∂p! \m´p-Im-cpsS Nne-hn¬ Kth-j-Ww \SØn Is≠-Øp∂ acp-∂p-Iƒ°v apgph\pw, Kth-j-W-sN-ehv Iq´n-tN¿Øv ]ncn-s®-Sp-°p∂ IpØ-I-Isf F¥p hnfn-°-Ww.

Drugs, dosage and package details Anti-infectives Ciprofloxacin (500mg, 10 tablets) Norfloxacin (400 mg, 10 tables) Ofloxacin (200 mg, 10 tablets) Cefpodoxime Proxetil (200mg, 6 tablets) Anti-Ulcerants Diclofenac Sodium (50mg, 10 tables) Rantidine (150mg, 10 tablets) Omeprazole (30 mg, 10 capsules) Lansoprazole (30mg, 10 capsules) Cardiovasculars Atenolol (50mg, 10 tablets) Amlodipine Besylate (5mg, 10 tablets) Anti-viral / fungal Zidovudine (100 mg, 10 capsules) Zidovudine (300mg, 10 capsules) Anti-histamine Caterizine (10mg, 10 capsules) Anti-anxioltics/psychotics Alpramazoo (0.5mg, 10 tablets) Fluxetine (20mg, 10 capsules) Anti-cancer Bopside (100mg, injection) Cholesterol reducer Atorvastatin (10mg, 10 tablets) Anti-asthmatic Salmeterol (25 mcg) Urology Sildenafil Citrate (50mg, 4 tablets) 11

India

Pakistan

Indonesia

U.K

U.S.A

29.00 20.70 40.00 114.00

423.86 168.71 249.30 357.32

393.00 130.63 204.34 264.00

1,185.70 304.78 818.30 773.21

2,352.35 1,843.66 1,973.79 1,576.58

3.50 6.02 22.50 39.00

84.71 74.09 578.00 684.90

59.75 178.35 290.75 226.15

60.96 247.16 870.91 708.08

674.77 863.59 2,047.50 1,909.64

7.50 7.80

71.82 200.34

119.70 78.42

N.A. 338.28

753.94 660.21

77.00 274.00

313.47 N.A.

331.65 N.A.

996.16 4,767.02

895.90 4,988.62

6.00

35.71

57.50

262.19

927.29

7.00 25.80

160.57 444.53

31.05 143.40

N.A. 395.79

446.81 1,416.42

190.00

554.69

242.90

1,217.43

6,210.30

39.00

N.A.

565.95

537.74

1,102.92

210

N.A.

782.65

1,628.25

N.A.

48.00

N.A.

1,356.93

1,614.89

1,744.93

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃

FRONTLINE, 2005 FEB. 25

D¬]∂ t]‰‚ v \ne-hn-ep≈ cmPy-ß-fn-sebpw C¥y-bn-sebpw acp-∂p-hn-e-Iƒ˛ Hcp Xmc-Xayw


CS- X p- t `- Z - K - X nbv ° v Bbp-   p- ≠ m- h - W - s a- ¶ n¬.... 1995¬ t]‰‚ v t`Z-KXn _n¬ BZy-ambn sIm≠p-h-∂Xv tIm¨{Kkv Kh¨sa‚m-Wv. A∂v CS-Xp-]-£-tØm-sSm∏w _n.-sP.-]nbpw _n√ns\ FXn¿Øp. _n.-sP.-]n-bp-tSXv Hcp s]mdm-´p-\m-S-I-am-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v ]n∂oSv Ah¿ sXfn-bn-®p. 99¬ `cWw _n.-sP.-]n-bpsS ssII-fn-se-Øn. At∏mƒ sF.B¿.-Un.-F. _n√pw t]‰‚ v _n√pw tIm¨{K v ]n¥p-Wtbm-sS-bmWv _n.-sP.-]n. ]m m-°n-sb-Sp-Ø-Xv. 2002¬ t]‰‚ v _n¬ c≠mw t`Z-K-Xnbpw _n.-sP.-]n-bmWv sIm≠p-h-∂-Xv. tIm¨{KkpIm¿ thm´p-sNbvXv _n¬ \nba-am-°nsImSp-Øp. 2004¬ aq∂mw t`Z-KXn _n¬ _n.-sP.]n Xøm-dm-°n-sh-®p. sXc-s™-Sp∏v h∂-Xp-sIm≠v AXv ]m¿en-sa‚ v I≠ns√∂p am{Xw. _n.-sP.-]n. Xøm-dm-°nb AtX \nbaw bmsXmcp am‰-hp-an√msXbmWv tIm¨{Kkv Ah-X-cn-∏n-®Xv. CS-Xp-]£w \n¿t±-in® t`Z-K-Xn-Iƒ Xß-fpsS A`n-em-j-߃°v FXncm-b-Xn-\m¬ thms´-Sp-∏n¬ ]s¶-Sp-°msX _n.-sP.-]n. k` hn´n-d-ßn-t∏m-bn. _n√ns\ FXn¿Øv k`-bn¬ \n∂v CS-Xp-]£w amdn-\n∂m¬ ]g-b-t]mse _n.-sP.-]nbpw tIm¨{Kkpw tN¿∂v "F√m amc-I-amb hIp-∏p-I-fp-ap≈' \nbaw ]m m-°n-sb-Sp°p-am-bn-cp-∂p, X¿°-an-√. Hcp \memw t`Z-KXn am{X-a√ WTObn¬ \n∂v _u≤nI kzØ-h-Im-i-߃ Xs∂ ]ngp-sX-SpØv am‰p-hm≥ th≠nbp≈ t]mcm-´-߃°v CS-Xp-]-£-Øn\v henb c≠p i{Xp°sf t\cn-Sm-\p-≠v. AXp thdm-cp-a-√, BtKm-f-Ip-Ø-I-Ifp-sSbpw C¥y≥ AXn-kº - ∂ - c - p-sSbpw h¿§-Xm¬]-cy-Øn\v th≠n \ne-sIm-≈p∂ _n.-sP.-]n-bpw tIm¨{Kkpw Xs∂. C¥y≥ cmjv{Sob `q]-S-Øn¬ \n∂v Chsc ASn-t®m-Sn°msX Ct∏mƒ ]mkmb CS-Xp-]£ - t- `-ZK - X - n-Iƒ°v t]mepw Bbp-kp-≠m-hn-√.

C¥y≥ t]‰‚ v \nb-aØ - n-s\-Xnsc sI\nb-bnepw {]Xn-tj[w temI hym]mc kwL-S\ (WTO)bpsS \n¿t±-im-\p-kc- Ww C¥y sIm≠p hcp∂ ]pXnb amXr-Im-hI - mi (t]-‰‚v) \nb-aØ - n-s\-Xnsc sI\n-bb - n¬ F®v.s- F.-hn. _m[n-Xc- psS h≥ {]Xn-tj-[w. Cu t`Z-KX - n-bn-eqsS NnIn’m sNe-hn¬ h≥ h¿[-\b - p-≠m-Ip-sa∂v Btcm-]n-®mWv {]Xn-tj[w Db-cp∂-Xv. C°m-cWw ]d™v s\bvtdm-_n-bnse C¥y≥ ssl°-Ωo-j≥ Hm^okn-te°v F®v.s- F.-hn. _m[n-Xcpw FbvUvkv tcmKn-Ifpw \S-Øm≥ {ian® {]I-S\w A[n-Ir-X¿ XS-™p. HSp-hn¬ {]Xn-tj[w tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ønb IØv Ah¿ C¥y≥ ssl°-Ωo-j≥ Hm^o-kn-te-¬]n-®p. F®v.s- F.-hn. _m[n-Xc- psS NnIn-’° - p-≈- B‚n dnt{Sm-ssh-d¬ (F.-B¿.hn.) Huj-[ß - ƒ Ipd™ sNe-hn¬ sI\nb t]mep≈ B{^n-°b - nse Zcn{Z cmjv{S-ßf- n¬ FØp-∂Xv C¥y-bn¬ \n∂mWv. {_m‚v \ma-an-√mØ P\-dnIv Huj-[-߃ C¥y-bn¬ \n¿Ωn-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂-Xp-sIm-≠mWv AXn\p Ign-bp-∂X - v. F∂m¬, ]pXnb t]‰‚v \nbaw ]mkm-bt- XmsS CØcw Huj-[ß - ƒ \n¿Ωn-°m≥ C¥y-bn°v Ign-bm-Xm-Ipw. -˛amXr-`pan ""t]‰‚ v \nb-a-Øn\v CS-Xp-]£w sIm≠p-h∂ t`Z-K-Xn-Iƒ Npcp°w Nne D¬I-WvT-Iƒ°v ]cn-lm-c-am-Wv... t]‰‚ v At]£-Isf FXn¿°m-\p≈ ]gp-Xp-Iƒ, t]‰‚ v \¬Ip-∂-Xnse am\-Z-WvU-ß-fn¬ hcp-Ønb am‰w, 1995\v tijw as‰mcp Iº\n Is≠-Ønb acp∂v 2005\v apºv C¥y-bn¬ hnX-cWw sNø-s∏-Sp-∂-Xm-sW-¶n¬ (hy-XykvX {]{In-b-bn-eqsS \n¿Ωn®-Xv) AXv XpS-cm-\p≈ A\p-aXn XpS-ßnb Imcy-߃ t\´ß-fm-bn-s´-Æmw... F∂m¬ tdmb¬´n \¬Ip-∂Xv acp∂vhneIq-´m≥ Imc-W-am-hpw...'' ˛ Dr. SAPRU (s\mhm¿´okv Iº- \ ns°Xnsc kp{]ow tImS- X n- b n¬ A∏n¬ sImSpØ h°o¬)

t]‰‚ns‚ e£yw kmaq-ly-]-c-am-hWw Hcp I≠p-]n-SpØw Hcm-fn-s‚tbm Abmsf hne-s°-Sp-°p∂ Iº-\n-bp-tStXm Bh-cpsX∂v BZy-Im-e-t]-‰‚nwKv ASn-h-c-bn-´n-cp∂p. F∂m¬ I≠p-]n-Sp-Ø-ßsf Xa-kvIcn®v em`w \ne-\n¿Øp∂ IpØ-I-I-fmWv C∂v Itºm-f-Ønse a√-∑m¿. Hcp DZm-l-c-W-anXm: Aam-P≥ F∂ Iº-\nbpsS acp- ∂ mWv EPOGEN. cmk- \ maw Erythropoeitin. ikv{X-{Inb ka-bØv c‡\jvSw ]cn-lc - n-°p∂ acp-∂m-Wn-Xv. Hcp C©£\v 3000 tUmf-dmWv hne. Lawrance Berkely Labse Hcp Kth-j-I≥ CtX D]-tbm-K-Øn\p≈ ]pXnb DXv]∂w hnI-kn-∏n-s®SpØp. Cu Binding Agent, Erythropoeitins‚ \n¿ΩmW-Øn¬ D]-tbm-Kn-®m¬ hne shdpw c≠p iX-am\ambn Ipd-bv°mw. Aam-P≥ Iº\n ]s£ AXp sNøp-∂Xn\v ]Icw Cu I≠p]n-SpØw Xß-fpsS t]‰‚n\p apI-fn-ep≈ IS-∂p-Ib - ‰ - a - m-sW∂v ]d™v acp∂v Xa-kvIcn-°pI-bmWv sNbvXXv. 12

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


hcm≥ t]mIp- ∂ Xv AXn¿Øn- I ƒ t`Zn- ® p≈ Huj- [ - h ym- ] mcw A\-¥-ambn \ofp∂ IpØ-Im-h-Imiw •mIvtkm-˛kvanØvsse≥ F∂ _lp-cmjv{S IpØ-I-bpsS Ub-s_-‰n-°ns\ sNdp°m-\p≈ tdmkn •n‰m-tkm¨ F∂ acp-∂ns‚ Ncn{Xw tIƒ°pI : Cu acp-∂ns‚ t]‰‚ v 1987¬ Ata-cn-°-bn¬ \n∂mWv •mIvtkm-hn\v e`n-°p-∂-Xv. kmt¶-XnI A¿∞Øn¬ 2007¬ CXns‚ Imem-h[n Ign-bpw. F∂m¬ CtX Iº\n CtX Huj-[-Øn\v 1997¬ {_ko-en¬ Hcp t]‰‚ v t\Sn. {_ko¬ t]‰‚ v D]-tbm-Kn®v C¥y Dƒs∏-sSbp≈ a‰p cmPy-ß-fn¬ 2017-hsc •mIvtkm kvanØvsse-\v Cu acp-∂n\v Ah-Imiw sh°mw. CXn-\n-S-bn¬ 1992¬ Ata-cn-°-bn¬ \n∂p-Xs∂ Hcp sNdnb am‰-tØmsS CtX Iº\n "tdmkn •o‰m-tkm¨ aen-tb‰v' Bbn t]‰‚ v sNø-s∏-´-tXmsS 1987se t]‰‚ns‚ Bbp v 5 h¿jw IqSn \o´n-In-´n. bmsXmcp {]tbm-P-\-hp-an-√mØ tNcp-hIƒ tN¿Øv t]‰‚ v sNø-s∏´ Huj-[-Øns‚ Imem-h[n ho≠pw ho≠pw \o´n-sb-Sp°p∂ X{¥-߃ Ata-cn-°-bn¬ am{X-a√ bqtdm-]y≥ cmPy-ß-fn-ep-ap-≠v. aq∂mw temIØn-te°v Cu \S-]Sn hym]n°p-∂-Xn\v klm-b-I-c-amb hyh-ÿ-I-fmWv TRIPS DS-ºSn-bn-ep-≈Xv. \nXy-l-cnX t]‰‚n-wKns\-Xnsc CS-Xp-]£ t`Z-KXn Chn-sS-bm-Wv. {]k‡-am-Ip-∂Xv. ""t]‰‚ v \nbaw kmt¶-XnI kz`m-h-ap≈ \nb-a-am-Wv. AsXmcp hnZKv[ kan-Xn-bpsS AXn-\n-in-X-amb ]cn-tim-[-\-bm-h-iy-s∏-Sp∂ tcJ-bm-Wv... {]kvXpX dnt∏m¿´v s]mXpP-\-k-a£w hni-Z-amb N¿®°v hbv°p-Ibpw thW-a-m-bn-cp-∂p....''

F.-Un. Zmtam-Z-c≥

AsX- ¥ m- b mepw hcm≥ t]mIp- ∂ Xv cmPy- Ø ns‚ AXn¿Øn- I ƒ t`Zn- ® p- s Im≈p≈ Huj[ hym]m-c-am-Wv.... tIm¨{SmIv S v ASn- ÿ m- \ - Ø nep≈ acp∂p \n¿Ωm-Whpw Kthj-Whpw Bbn-cn°pw {][m-\s∏´ Hcp hn]-Øv.... hne-Ip-d™ acp-∂p-Iƒ Ds≠¶n¬t∏mepw Bip-]{- Xn-It- fbpw tUmIvS¿am-tcbpw hyh-km-bn-I A-Sn-ÿm--\Øn¬ hne-s°-SpØv _lp-cmjv{S acp∂p Iº-\n-Iƒ Ah-cpsS hne-Iq-Snb acp-∂p-Iƒ sNh- g n- ° pw... Iym≥k¿ t]mep≈ amc-It- cm-KØ - ns‚ acp∂n- \ p- t ]mepw kwc- £ Ww \¬Ip∂X√ t]‰‚ v \nb-aw....'' Dr. SAPRU

(Former Director of Council of scientific and Industrial Research)

t]‰‚ v sNø-s∏´ acp-∂p-I-fpsS Itºmf hnlnXw

Poh≥c£m Huj-[-߃ GsXm-s°-bm-sW∂v Xocp-am-\n°p-Ibpw AXv km[m-cW P\-߃°v IqSn hmßphm≥ ]‰p∂ coXn-bn¬ hne \nb-{¥n-°p-I-bp-am-bn-cp-∂p DPCO (Drug Price ConF∂ C¥ym-K-h¨sa‚ v Hm¿U-dns‚ e£yw . 1978¬ 387 C\w acp-∂p-Iƒ Cu DØ-ch - ns‚ ]cn-[n-bn¬ D≠mbn-cp-∂p. Ct∏mƒ AXv 36-Bbn Ipd-™n-cn-°p-∂p. trol Order)

Therapeutic Group

Under patent (%)

Antibiotic Antibacteriols System Antifungals Anti Leprotics Cardio vascular Non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (for conditions like arthritis) Tranquilisers Anti convulsants Anti peptic ulcer drugs Oral diabetics Anti asthmatics Anti histamines Cytostatis and Antileukemic Contraceptic hormons

40.23 98.80 25.66 69.96 40.18

1978 1994

-

387 63

1986 1998

-

167 36

1970\v apºv a‰p cmPy-ß-fn¬ I≠p-]n-Sn® acp-∂p-Iƒ C¥y-bn-seØm≥ h¿j-߃ Xs∂ th≠n-h∂p. F∂m¬ 1970se t]‚‚ v \nbaw \ne-hn¬ h∂-tXm-Sp-IqSn Nn{Xw amdn. Nne DZm-l-c-W-߃ t\m°mw.

1970\v apºv 21.16 74.12 65.93 65.92 55.30 47.53 21.34 32.41 88.79

Huj[w

I≠p-]n-Sn® h¿jw

1. Pencilin 2. Streptomycin

1941 1947

C¥y-bn-se-Øn-bXv 1955 1963

(14 h¿jw) (16 h¿jw)

1970\v tijw Huj[w 1. 2. 3. 4.

I≠p-]n-Sn® h¿jw

Salbutamol Rifampicin Ranitidin Norfloxacin

1973 1974 1983 1987

C¥y-bn-se-Øn-bXv 1977 (4 1978 (4 1985 (2 1988 (1

h¿jw) h¿jw) h¿jw) h¿jw)

KMSRA

FRONTLINE, 2005 FEB. 25

eLp-teJ

sabn¬ t_mIvkn¬ FØn-°-gn™ Iym≥k¿ acp-∂ns‚ hne-Iƒ ˛ Hcp Xmc-Xayw Active Pharmaceuticals ingredients Gefitinib Temozolomide Zoledronic acid Letrozole Ganciclovir

Theraputics

Innovator

Anticancer Astrazeneca Anti-tumour Scherring Anti-cancer Novartis Anti-cancer Novartis CMV Infection Roche

Brand Name Iressa Temodar Zometa Femara Cytovene

Packaged details 250mg, 30 tablets 250mg, 5 Capsule 4mg, 1 vial 2.5mg, 30 tablets 250mg, 60 capsule

Indian generic MRP $222.00 $500.82 $64.00 $6.82 $150.00

Patented Drug price $1,802.00 $1,835.00 $873.00 $224.30 $254.00 FRONTLINE, 2005 FEB. 25

13

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


"X¿°- h n- j - b - a mb Ak- X y- ß ƒ'

˛ AP-bvtLmjv

AtKmf-h¬°-c-W-Øns‚ Im¬\q-‰m≠v F∂ ]c-º-c-bpsS BapJw (`mKw 1) ""\ntbm-en-_-d¬ BtKm-f-h¬°-cWw sFiz-cy-Øn-s‚bpw Øns‚) ]cn-Wmaw F¥m-bn-cn-°p-sa∂v hy‡-am-°p-∂p-≠v. Bt‚\o≠p-\n¬°p∂ kam-[m-\-Øn-s‚bpw Dd-hn-S-amWv! bp≤gvk¨ (Hm-Un-‰¿)amcpsS IW-s°-gpØpw Hml-cn-I-tºm-f-Ønse ßfpw X¿°-ß-fp-an√mØ hf¿®m-]-≤Xn! `c-W-Iq-S-\n-b-{¥ambm-Pm-e-ßfpw, k¶¬]m-Xo-X-amb Agn-a-Xn-I-fpw-sIm≠v sI´nW-ßfn√msX Hmtcm hy‡nbpw Ah-cpsS kzX{¥tem-IØv s]m-°p∂ IS-emkv ku[-ß-fpsS \ng-en¬ ka-Xz-kp-μ-c-amb BSn-Xn-a¿°p∂ P\m-[n-]X - y-Øns‚ hk-¥I - mew. C∂p-hsc hyhÿ ]S-Øp-b¿Ømsa∂v Icp-Xp-∂Xv aqV-Ø-am-Wv,' At±lw temIw A\p-`-hn-®-dn™ F√m Ck-ß-sfbpw \njv{]-`-amhne-]n-°p-∂p. °p∂ DZm-Ø-amb P\m-[n-]-Xy-aq-ey-ß-fpsS Bhn-jvIm-c-Im- Paul Krugman F∂ {]nè F°-tWm-anÃv ˛ The Great Unraveling ew....'' (2004) F∂ ]pkvX-I-Øn¬ Ata-cn-°sb \nin-X-ambn hna¿intkmjy-enÃv XI¿®-bpsS e£-Wß - ƒ I≠p-Xp-Sß - nb F¨]°p- ∂ p. "Cdm°v A[n- \ n- t hitam, sF.- F w.- F - ^ v . XpS- ß nb Xp-I-fpsS Bcw-`-Øn¬ apX-em-fn-Ø-Øns‚ Bÿm-\-Km-bGP≥kn-Iƒ hgn \S-Øp∂ CS-]s - S-ep-It- fm H∂pw tZiob Xm¬]I¿, hcm≥ t]mIp∂ BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Im-e-sØ-°p-dn®v cy-ß-f-√ tIm¿∏-td‰v em`-am-Wv e£yw sh°p-∂-Xv', ISpØ `mj]mSn-]p-Ig- vXn-bXv GXm≠v Cß-s\-bm-bn-cp-∂p... Ct∏mƒ 2005, bn¬ At±lw Ata-cn-°sb hna¿in-°p-∂p. BtKm-f-I-tºm-f-hyAYhm apX-em-fn-Ø-Øns‚ "hk-¥'-Øn\v Im¬ \q‰m≠v h-ÿsb "P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øns‚ hk-¥-Im-e-'sa∂v hnfn-®n-cp∂ Kpcp{]mb-ambn. Ch¿ Ct∏mƒ hnem-]-Im-hy-c-N-\-bmWv \S-Øp`q-X-∑m¿ kzbw Xncp-Øp-Ibpw, AXv km{am-PyXz Agn-™m-´∂-Xv. BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-sØ-°p-dn®v kwi-bhpw `oXnbpw amsW∂v Xpd∂v kΩ-Xn-°p-IbpamWv sNøp∂Xv. BtKm-fh - ¬°\nd™ Ipº-km-c-I-Y-I-fmbn Ah ]cn-W-an-°p-I-bm-Wv. cW \b-ß-sf-X-s∂-bmWv Ah¿ B{I-an-°p-∂Xv. Im¬ \q‰mX߃ ]d™-sXms° "X¿°-hn-j-b-amb Ak-Xy-'ß-fm≠mbn temIw A\p`-hn-®-dn-bp∂ Cu `oIc IS-∂m-{I-a-W-ß-fpsS bncp∂p-sh∂v tUm. t]mƒ kmap-h¬k¨ t]mepw ]cn-X-]nhkvXp-\n-jvT-amb At\z-j-W-amWv Cu ]c-º-c. °p∂p. `c-W-IqS \nb-{¥-W-ß-fn-√mØ Itºm-f-hy-hÿ "e£-W-samØ hf¿®m-am-Xr-I-bmWv apX-em-fnØw' F∂p≈ Ch"Ak-a-Xz-ß-fpsS [mcm-fn-Ø'-amWv temI-Øn\v kΩm-\n-®cpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Im-gvN-∏m-Sn¬ ]s£ bmsXmcp am‰hpw h∂n-´nsX∂v At±lw ]d-bp-∂p. t\m_¬ kΩm-\-tP-Xm-hmb √. `c-W-Iq-S-ß-fpsS \nb-{¥-W-ap≈ Itºm-f-hy-h-ÿ-bn¬ BUw At±lw Xs‚ ]gbhmZ-߃ shdpw AXn-i-tbm-‡n-]-d-®nkvanØns‚ "AZr-iy-I-c-߃' ImWm-sa∂v tPmk^v Ãn•nkv em-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v, Journal of Economic Perspective (Vol-18, No.3, Bfl-hn-izmkw {]I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂Xv AXp-sIm-≠m-Wv. am\p-jnI apJ2004)hn¬ Fgp-Xnbn´p≠v. a-Wn-bn®v kmaq-ly-\oXn Dd-∏m-°nbm¬ \ntbm-en-_-d¬ \b-߃ \ntbm-en-_d - ¬ \b-߃ Ak-aX - z-ßf - psS hnf-`q-an-bmbn temIc£-s∏-Sp-sa-∂p≈ s]mXp- A`n-{]m-b-am-Wv Ãn•n-kn-eqsS \mw k-º-ZvL-S-\sb am‰n-Xo¿Øp-sh-∂mWv, as‰mcp t\m_¬ tIƒ°p-∂-Xv. Cu \nK-a-\-Øn-\p≈ {]Xy-b-im-kv{X-]-c-amb adpkΩm-\-tP-Xmhmb tPmk^v Ãn•nkv ]d™p \S-°p-∂-Xv. ]Sn At\z-jn-°p-I-bmWv Cu ]c-º-c-bpsS as‰mcp e£yw. [Globalisation and its Discontents (2002), The Roaring Ninetees 1989¬ {^m≥knkv ^p°qbm-a-bmWv, tkmjy-enÃv XI¿®bpsS (2003)]. BUw kvanØns‚ "AZr-iy'-ßfpsS CS-s]-S¬ ]›m-Ø-ew ASn-ÿm-\-am°n "Ncn-{X-Øns‚ Ah-km\w' {]h-Nn\ntbm-en-_d - ¬ \b-ßsf t\´-ßf - psS ]dp-Zo-kb - n-te°v B\®-Xv. {]Xy-bim-kv{X-ß-fpsS acWw am{X-a√ a\p-jym-h-ÿpsS bn-t®m-fp-sa∂v Xm\-S-°-ap-≈-h-cpsS ]gb hochmZ-߃°v Ah-km\w apX-em-fn-Ø-am-sW∂pw At±lw hn[n-®n-cp-∂p. "NcnAt±lw Ct∏mƒ \¬Ip∂ adp-]Sn AXn-i-b-I-c-am-Wv! {X-Øns‚ Ah-km-\-hpw, Ah-km\ ImesØ a\p-jy-s\bpw' ""Itºm-f-hy-h-ÿ-bn¬ AZr-iy-I-c-߃ ImWmsX t]mIpkrjvSn® ^p°p-bm-a t]mepw Hcp Imcy-Øn¬ kwi-bm-ep-hm-bn∂-Xns‚ ImcWw Aßn-s\-sbm∂v C√m-ØXpsIm≠p-Xs∂'' cp-∂p. "\n›-e-am-Ip∂ kmaqly Ahÿ Acm-P-I-Xz-Øn-te°v F∂t±lw ]d- b p- ∂ p. ""`c- W - I q- S - ß - f psS ]¶p- t ]- £ ntemIsØ hen-®n-g-°ptam' F∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p At±-l-Øns‚ kwi°p∂tXmsS tIm¿∏-td-‰p-I-fpsS AXym¿Øn-bnse-°mWv bw. Xs‚ Akw-_‘ Z¿i\w icn-bm-bm¬ kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv AcmtemIw hgp-Xn-ho-W-Xv. [\-aq-e-[-\-Øns‚ B[n-]Xyw \nbPI-Xz-am-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂p≈ ^p°p-bm-a-bpsS Zo¿L-Zr-jvSn BZ-cn-°{¥-Wm-Xo-Xa - m-Ip-tºmƒ AsXmcp BtKmf Bfl-lX - y-bmbn s∏tS-≠-Xm-Wv. ]cn-W-an-°mw.'' Ãn•nkv hna¿in-°p-∂p. ISpØ \ntbm-en- Ncn{Xw \n›eamIp-∂-Xn\v ]Icw apX-em-fnØw AXn-cq-£-amb _-d¬ hmZn-bmb Charles Derber IqSp-X¬ P\m-[n-]X - y-]c - a - mb t]mcm-´-߃°p-≈n¬ Dcp-In-sbm-en-°p-I-bm-Wv. kzX{¥ kaqlw Hcp hnI-k-\-]mX Is≠-tØ-≠-Xp-s≠∂v apX-em-fn-ØF∂p t]cp-tI´ Ata-cn-°-bn¬t]mepw Akzm-X-{¥yhpw A\otØmSv Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-∂p≠v (People Before Profit - 2002). "[\Xnbpw s]cp-Ip-I-bm-Wv. \n›-e-am-hp-∂-Xn\v ]Icw sXcp-hp-Iƒ aq-e-[-\-Øns‚ Aan-X-amb hf¿® kmº-ØnI hyh-ÿsb AS-ßmØ {]Xn-tj[ Xnc-I-fp-b¿Øp∂ P\-k-ap-{Z-ß-fm-hp-I-bmDul-hym-]m-c-am-°p-I-bmWv sNøp-∂-Xv. IpØIIƒ A¥mWv. C\n apt∂m´v hgn-bn-s√∂v {]Jym-]n-®-h¿ Ime-tØm-sSm∏w cm{„\nb-a-\n¿Ωm-Xm-°-fm-hp-I-bm-Wv. a’-chpw sXc-s™X∏n-X-S-™v \S-∂p-Xp-S-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p! PmfyX ad-bv°m≥ Hcp a\pSp-°m-\p≈ kzmX{¥yhpw shdpw hnSp-hm-bØw ]d-®n-em-Wv....' jy-ap-Jw-aq-Sn-sb-Sp-Ø-Wn-bp∂p F∂p am{Xw. Charles Derber Xs‚ ]gb hnizm-k-߃ No¥n-sb-dn-bp-∂p. \ntbm-en-_-d¬ BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øns‚ h‡m-°ƒ Cßs\ ""em`-Øn\v th≠n-bp≈ IpØ-I-I-fpsS ]m®n¬, s^U-dnIv kwi-bm-ep-°-fm-hp-tºmƒ, Hcp kwi-bp-an-√msX BtKm-f-I-tºm-fFwK¬kv hnh-cn®,19˛mw \q‰m-≠nse sXmgn-emfn h¿§-Øns‚ hy-hÿ - sb kzoI-cn-°p-∂ Hcp henb P\-hn-`m-Ks - Ø apX-em-fnØw AXn-Z-b-\ob Ah-ÿ-bn-te-°m-Wv''t]mepw temI-P-\-Xsb krjvSn-®n-cn-°p∂p F∂-XmWv hntcm-[m-`mkw! CS-Ø-c-°mcpw ZcnsIm≠p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xv. Global Trade & Confliting National Inter{Zcpw, F≥.-Pn.-H.-Ifpw cmjv{Sob ]m¿´n-Ifpw, kmaq-ly-im-kv{Xests (2004) F∂ ]pkvX-I-Øn¬ hnJymX Fw.-sF.-Sn. s{]m^Im-c-∑mcpw _p≤n-Po-hn-Ifpw hsc [mcm-f-ambn Cu [mc-W-bn¬ k¿am-cmb Dr. Ralph Gomorybpw William BaumolDw ]d-bpebn-®p-tN-cp-∂p-≠v! t{SUv bqWn-b-\p-Ifpw CS-Xp-]-£-]m¿´n-Ifpw ∂p. "\ntbm-en-_-d-en-k-Øn¬ hym]mcw Hcp hnL-S\ Bihsc Cu hnIe[mc-W-bn¬ Dd-®p-\n-∂p-sIm≠v "t]mcm-Sp-∂Xv' b-am-hp-I-bm-Wv. Hcp cmjv{S-Øns‚ kmº-ØnI hf¿® a‰p \ap°v ImtW-≠n-h-cp-∂p≠v! cmPy-ß-fpsS sNe-hn¬ \S-Øp-I-bmWv Cu \b-ß-fpsS Hcp `mKØv BtKm-f-h¬°-cWw Hcp X¿°-hp-an-√msX "k\m-X\ kØ. kmaq-lnI k¥p-en-Xm-h-ÿbpw A¥m-cmjv{S kamkXy'ambn kzoI-cn-°s∏Sptºmƒ adp-`m-KØv BtKm-fk - z-`m-ha - p≈ [m-\hpw AXv Ih¿s∂-Sp-°p-∂p. km{am-Py-Xz-hn-cp≤ t]mcm-´-߃ Itºm-f-hy-h-ÿb°v _Z-ep\yqtbm¿°v ssSwkns‚ kmº-ØnI Imcy teJ-I≥ Roger b¿Øn-sIm-≠p-h-cp-sa∂v Icp-Xp-∂-h-cpsS sFIy-\ncbpw hn]p-eLowenstein Fgp-Xnb Origin of the Crash (2004) Itºm-f-hy-hambn hf¿∂p-h-cn-I-bm-Wv. Cu t]mcm´ amXr-I-I-fpsS A\p-`-hÿ-bpsS Zb-\ob XI¿®-bpsS Imc-W-߃ tXSp-∂p-≠v. ßfpw Bib ASn-Ø-dbpw Cu ]c-º-c-bn¬ Kuc-h-]q¿Δw At\z"F≥tdm¨ apX¬ tUm´vtImw' hscbp≈ IpØ-I-I-fpsS jn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. ]X-\-߃ kzX-{¥-I-tºm-f-hy-h-ÿ-bpsS (Dul-hym-]m-cBap-J-Øns‚ c≠mw `mKw ASpØ e°-Øn¬ 14

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


hmb- \ - ° m- t cmSv . ... hcn- ° m- t cm- S v . ..      

kmº-Øn-I-ambn \ne-\n¬°m-\m-ImØ Ah-ÿ-bn-emWv Ct∏mƒ ]n.-F.-Pn. _p≈-‰n≥ {]kn-≤o-I-cn°p-∂Xv. Cu {]Xn-k-‘n- ]cn-l-cn-°p-hm≥ apgp-h≥ hmb-\-°m-cpsSbpw hcn-°m-cp-sSbpw krjvSn-]-camb CS-s]-S¬ D≠m-hWsa∂-`y¿∞n-°p∂p. ]c-ky-ßf - psS {]tem-`\ - ß - ƒ°-Xo-Xa - mbn \ne-\n¬°m≥; hmb-\° - m-cpsS kmº-Øn-Ik - l - I - c - W - ta hgnbp-≈q. hcn-kwJy bYm-ka - bw ]pXp-°nbpw IqSp-X¬ hcn-°msc tN¿Øp \¬Inbpw Rßsf klm-bn°pa-t√m. C\n apX¬ 12 e°-߃°v ({]-tXyI ]Xn-∏p-I-f-S-°w) 100 cq]-bmWv hm¿jnI hcn-kw-Jy. C\n apX¬ ]n.-F.-Pn. _pf-f‰- n≥ km[m-cW e°-Øn\v 16 t]Ppw U_nƒ Cjyq-hn\v 36 t]Ppw hoXamWp≠m-hpI. kmº-Øn-Iÿ nXn A\p-hZ- n°m-ØX - p-sIm-≠mWv Cßs\ Xocp-am-\n-t°-≠n- h-∂X - v. hcn-kwJym \º¿ 856 apX-ep-≈-h¿°pw CXn-t\m-SIw hcn-kwJy ]pXp-°-b-h¿°p-amWv Cu e°w Ab-°p-∂-Xv. 1154 hsc-bp-f-f-h¿ hcn-kwJy ]pXp-°n-bn-s√-¶n¬ C\n amknI Ab-°p-∂-X-√. ]n.-F.Pnsb kmº-Øn-Ia - mbn klm-bn-°m≥ B{K-ln-°p-∂h - c - n¬ \n∂v 500 cq] hsc kw`m-h\ kzoIcn-°p-∂-XmWv. 500 cq] kw`m-h\ sNøp-∂-h¿°v Adp-]Xv e°-߃ e`y-am-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. sNdnb XpIbmsW-¶n¬ AXn\v B\p-]m-Xn-Ia - mbn _p≈-‰n≥ Ab-°p-∂X - m-Wv. (DZm: 200 cq]-bv°v 24 e°-߃).

apgp-h≥ hcn-°m-cp-sSbpw hmb-\-°m-cp-sSbpw Bflm¿∞-amb kl-I-cWw {]Xo-£n-°p-∂p.

{]kn-≤o-I-cn-®p... ssN\-bn¬ \S-°p∂ ]cn-jvIm-cß - ƒ tkmjy-en-kØ - ns‚ hf¿®-bmtWm e£y-an-Sp-∂X - v..? AhnsS kmaq-ln-I Ak-aX - z-߃ Ipd-bp-Ib - mtWm? h¿§-cl - n-Xk - a- q-la- mtWm AhnsS cq]-s∏-´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂Xv? bYm¿∞ tkmjy-enÃv amXr-Ibpw ssN\okv ]co-£W - hpw XΩn¬ hyXym-ka- pt≠m? ssN\okv IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n°v hgn sX‰p-Ib - mtWm? ssN\ as‰mcp tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b\ - m-hptam? ssN\-tb-Ip-dn-®p≈ CØcw D¬I-WvTI - ƒ°v {]ap-Jc- mb am¿IvknÃv Nn¥-I¿ B[n-Im-cn-Ia- mb hnh-cß - ƒ h®p-sIm≠v DØcw tXSp-∂p. hkvXp-\njvS ]T-\ß - ƒ ASn-ÿm-\a- m°n ]n.-F. Pn. Xøm-dm-°nb At\z-jWw. -hne 20 cq] ]n.-F.-Pn. _p≈-‰n≥ ˛ \memw hm¿jnI ]Xn∏v

{]tXyI ]pkvXIw ˛ 6

tIm∏n-Iƒ Bh-iy-ap-≈-h¿ I¨ho-\-dp-ambn _‘s∏-SpI

]n.-F.-Pn. _p≈-‰n≥ {{]tXyI ]tXyI ]pkvX-I-ßfpw km[m-cW e°-ßfpw ttImgnImgn-t°m-Sv, IÆq¿, Fd-Wm-Ipfw, Xr»q¿, Xncph\¥-]pcw tZim-`n-am\n _q°v lukp-I-fnepw ]ø-∂q¿ December _p-Ivknepw e`y-amWv ]n.-F.-Pn. _p≈-‰n≥ {]tXyI ]pkvXIw ˛ 7

21˛mw \q‰m-≠nse sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§w "sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§w' Fs∂mcp h¿§w Xs∂ Cs√-∂pff km{am-PyXz Z√mƒam-cpsS {]Nm-c-W-Øn\v B[n-Im-cn-Ihpw hkvXp-\n-jvS-hp-amb adp-]Sn 2005 sabv 15\v {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p∂p aq∂v km[m-cW e°-߃°v Xpey-amb Cu {]tXyI ]pkvXIw hcn-kwJy bYm-k-abw ]pXp-°nb hcn-°m¿°v Ab-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. IØp-Iƒ, hcn-kwJy (Fw.H / Un.-Un.) F∂nh Ab-t°≠ hnemkw Convenor, PAG, 'Narmada', Karuvissery, Kozhikode- 673 010, Ph: 0495- 2374666 Edited printed & Published by AJAYAN K., Convenor, People Against Globalisation for and on behalf of Kerala State General Insurance Employees Union, P.B. No. 1810, Cochin - 16 Vol - 2, Issue No. - 4, Feb. 2005 DTP & Layout : DataCare,Calicut., Printed at : Kairali Offset Prints, Calicut


Regd. No. KERMAL 11385/11/1/2003-TC. D1.21467/03, Vol. No.2, Issue No. 4, Feb. 2005 Postal Registration No. KL/CT/144/04-06

Im¿´q-Wp-Iƒ°v IS-∏mSv : CØncn t\cw-t]m-°v CØncn Z¿i-\w (H.-hn. hnP-b≥) Un.-kn. _pIvkv, tIm´bw

t]mcm´w am{X-amWv _Z¬ Ih¿s∂-Sp-°s - ∏-Sp∂ P∑m-hI - m-iß - ƒ°pw kwkvIm-cØ - n-\pw, Nhn-´n-sa-Xn-°s - ∏-Sp∂ Bflm`n-am-\Ø - n-\pw, ssItamiw hcp∂ P\m-[n-]Xy Ah-Im-iß - ƒ°pw, kmaq-ly\o-Xn°pw th≠nbp-≈- Xym-K\ - n¿`-ca- mb t]mcm-´ß - f - psS H‰ AP-≠b - mWv C∂m-hi - yw. `c-WI - qSw F{X Zp¿_e-am-bmepw Ahsb \ne°v \n¿Øp-Itbm A´n-ad- n-°p-Itbm sNøm≥, Nm©m-´ß - fpw hymtaml-ß-fp-an-√msX t]mc-Sn-°p-Itb am¿§-ap-≈q. Cu kXyw Dƒs°m-≈p-sa-¶n¬, AXn\v ]mIamb cmjv{Sob AP-≠bpw {]h¿Ø\ ]cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw hnI-kn-°p-sa-¶n¬ `c-W-Iq-S-sØbpw AXns‚ I]S aqey-ß-sfbpw Iog-S-°p-hm≥ ZrV-\n-›-b-sa-SpØ a\p-jy-cpsS h≥a-Xn-ep-I-fpb¿∂phcpw.... Ncn-{X-Øns‚ LSn-Imcw Nen-®p-Xp-Sß - m≥ shsd hgn-sbm-∂p-an-√. _Z¬ \ΩpsS ]n≥X-ea- p-dI - f - psS kuP-\y-ambn Ah-Xc - n-°p-sa-t∂m.... _Z¬ Nabn®p-Xc - m≥ km{am-P yXzw ]p\-cm-h-Xm-c-sa-Sp-°p-sa-t∂m... _Z¬ C¥y≥ ]m¿e-sa‚ ntem tIc-f-Øntem _wKm-fntem ]nd-°p-sat∂m Icp-Xp-∂-Xn\p aptº, _Z¬ F¥m-h-W-sa∂v \ap°v Xo¿®-bmt°-≠X - p-≠v. AXp-sIm-≠mWv t]mcm´w am{X-amWv _Z-se∂v ]d-bp-∂-Xv!

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BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc Contribution : Rs. 5

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