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1656 Strengthening Philippine Institutional Capacity to Adapt to Climate Change Outcome 3.1 Activity 3.3

Training Report Component 3B: Capacity Building of Local Stakeholders on Community-Based Climate Change Adaptations in Benguet and Ifugao: Monitoring and Evaluation of Adaptation Measures

UPLB Foundation Inc. Lanzones St., UPLB Campus, College, Laguna, 4031 PHILIPPINES Tel: (049) 536 3688 Fax: (049) 536 6265


Prepared by Senior Researcher: Prof. Nelita M. Lalican Researchers: Prof. Joyce DL. Grajo Prof. Liza N. Comia Prof Lea E. Rotairo Ms. Ma. Kristina C. Sembrano Engr. Meynardo I. Ricarte

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Executive Summary This component of the SPICACC 3.1 is to train locals on the monitoring and evaluation of Climate Change and to identify the factors related to performance and effectiveness of the adaptation and risk mitigation strategies in Benguet and Ifugao. These local stakeholders include DA-CAR Staff, LGU Representatives, SUC Representatives, NGO, farmer leaders, etc. The data gathered in Component 1B which are the adaptation and risk mitigating measures used by the community whenever they learned that there is a coming disaster and how they were able to determine if there is one coming. The Component 3B team did some principal component analysis to come up with indexes that can be used in measuring efficiency and effectiveness of adaptation and risk mitigating measures that the community have shared. The team concentrated on only four disasters namely drought, landslide, rainfall and flooding. The identified indexes were correlated with income, education and age of the respondent. A training module was prepared for seminar/workshops in Monitoring and Evaluation of the performance and effectiveness of Adaptation and Risk Mitigation Measures. This module was later used in seminar/workshop in Benguet State University, La Trinidad, Benguet; and, Ifugao State University, Lamut, Ifugao. In workshop one, each group was able to explain the importance and use of the different adaptation and risk mitigating measures identified for specific hazards. Lectures were given on the importance of monitoring and evaluation (M&E), the different types and the requirements of a meaningful one. Also, they were informed on the importance of selecting appropriate indicators that will be monitored and evaluated. It was emphasized that an effective M&E is dependent on well planned project equally with SMART indicators. From the results of Workshop one, the participants were grouped according to their municipality and were asked to come up with adaptive and risk mitigating measures (projects) that are needed in their own municipalities that will help them manage the risk of coming disaster. Some mitigation projects proposed are: 

LGU Material Recovery with Shredder Facility



Flood Control, Pathways and Irrigation Infrastructures



Vegetable Agro-forestry

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Organic Fertilizer Production

Tramlines for Nagacadan, Kiangan

Agro-Ecological Parks

Organic Vegetable Production

Greenhouses

Reforestation

Multi-purpose Seed Storage

Vermiculture and Composting

Workshop two was about the adaptive and risk mitigating measures they have identified and were asked to give their objectives, indicators, time frame and who are to manage the project. The activity would help them identify the SMART indicators that need be monitored and evaluated. All the materials used in the training proper and the workshop output were copied in a USB and was distributed per municipality. IFSU and BSU were also given a USB.

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Table of Contents Titles

Page

Executive Summary

iii

I Overview

3

II Training Date, Venue, Participants and Lecturer-Facilitators

4

III Training Proper

5

Part 1 - Ifugao Training

5

Workshop 1 output

8

Workshop 2 output

10

Pictures during the training

16

Part 2 - Benguet Training

17

Workshop 1 output

18

Workshop 2 output

22

Pictures during the training

26

IV

Summary

29

V

List of participants

30

APPENDICES

32

Excel File Monitoring and Evaluation for RPCMT PowerPoint presentations Flooding Index Rainfall Index Flood Index Drought Index Group Workshop Mechanics Criteria for Good Monitoring and Evaluation The Importance of M&E

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Types of M&E Monitoring and Evaluation Tips

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I. Overview The objectives of this component is to train locals on the monitoring and evaluation of Climate Change and to identify the factors related to performance and effectiveness of the adaptation and risk mitigation strategies in Benguet and Ifugao. These local stakeholders include DA Regional Staff, LGU Representatives, SUC Representatives, NGO, farmer leaders, etc. The activities of the component are as follows: 

Prepare a learning module for seminar/workshops in Monitoring and Evaluation of the performance and effectiveness of Adaptation and Risk Mitigation Measures.



Conduct seminar/workshop in Monitoring and Evaluation of the Performance and Effectiveness of Adaptation and Risk Mitigation Measures in Benguet



Conduct seminar/workshop in Monitoring and Evaluation of the Performance and Effectiveness of Adaptation and Risk Mitigation Measures in Ifugao

The data gathered in Component 1B which are the adaptation and risk mitigating measures used by the community whenever they learned that there is a coming disaster and how they were able to determine if there is coming one. The Component 3B team did some principal component analysis to come up with indexes that can be used in measuring efficiency and effectiveness of adaptation and risk mitigating measures that the community have shared. The team concentrated on only four disasters namely drought, landslide, rainfall and flooding. The identified indexes were correlated with income, education and age of the respondent. Results of the analysis were presented during the first part of the training. A lot of questions were raised as to the adequacy of the sample taken and the competence of the enumerators who gather the data. They were informed that these issues were properly addressed by Component 1B team. In workshop one, the participants were divided into four groups namely technology, institution, infrastructure, and policy. They were tasked to come up with adaptation and risk mitigating measures being used or should be done to effectively cope to coming disasters.

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Each group was able to explain the importance and use of the different adaptation and risk mitigating measures identified. Lectures were given on the importance of monitoring and evaluation (M&E), the different types and the requirements of a meaningful one. Also, they were informed on the importance of selecting appropriate indicators that will be monitored and evaluated. It was emphasized that an effective M&E is dependent on well planned project equally with SMART indicators. From the results of Workshop one, the participants were grouped according to their municipality and were asked to come up with adaptive and risk mitigating measures (projects) that are needed in their own municipalities that will help them manage the risk of coming disaster. Workshop two was about the adaptive and risk mitigating measures they have identified and were asked to give their objectives, indicators, time frame and who are the one responsible. The activity would help them identify the SMART indicators that need be monitored and evaluated. All the materials used in the training proper and the workshop output were copied in a USB and was distributed per municipality. IFSU and BSU were also given a USB. The DA-SPICACC team prepared their output by listing some of the identified SPICACC projects, indicators to be used and time frame. Some of the participants commented that these training must be done first before the selection of the existing SPICACC projects in their respective municipalities. The component 3B team informed them that as early as October 2010, we have been scheduling this training but they were too busy and pre-occupied with so many activities.

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II. Training DATE, Venue, Participants, Trainors and Facilitators Place

Venue

Lamut, Ifugao

Date

Ifugao State

December 1-3,

University

2010

La Trinidad,

Benguet State

December 8-10

Benguet

University

Number of

Municipalities

participants*

participated

14

Banaue Kiangan

30

Atok Buguias Sablan Tuba

*Name and designation of the participants are listed the back of the document

Trainors and facilitators: 

Nelita M. Lalican (UPLB)

Liza N Comia (UPLB)

Lea E. Rotairo (UPLB)

Joyce DL. Grajo (UPLB)

Ma. Kristina C. Sembrano (UPLB)

Mable Kate Sawey (IFSU)

Domelson F. Balangen (BSU).

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III. Training Proper

Part 1: Report on the Training Workshop on Monitoring and Evaluation of Communitybased Adaptation Measures in Ifugao held last December 1-3, 2010 at Ifugao State University, Lamut Ifugao.

DAY 1: December 1, 2010

A. Presentation: Observed Climatic Changes in the Province by Ms. Mable Sawey- Local Coordinator

Ms. Sawey presented climatic changes in the province, their effect and the strategies applied to overcome the effects of climate changes on the different areas such as: Agriculture, Water Resources, Health, Species/Forestry and Natural Resources and Fisheries. The questions and comments on the presentation and the answers are as follows: 1. Who were the respondents for questions on forestry and natural resources from Viewpoint, Banaue? – asked by participant from Banaue 

IFSU went from house to house and interviewed a person from the household

There was a suggestion (from Banaue participant) for the LGU to pass a law or legislation to (1) require anyone who cuts trees to plant 10 or more trees as replacement; (2) control cutting of trees from public forests (because people normally do not care about trees from lands which are not theirs)

2. One reason for cutting trees is to let smaller plants grow. – comment from a participant from Nagacadan 3. How many respondents were interviewed?  at least 60% of the households in a pilot Barangay.

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B. Presentation: Sharing of results from a project done in Agusan del Norte By Prof. Nelita M. Lalican

Prof. Lalican emphasized the importance of looking into historical climate occurrences, developing adaptation strategies, and formulating plans (e.g. barangay disaster management plans) which need financing, training/seminars, and supplies specific to the experiences from Agusan del Norte. She also discussed some information about the SPICACC Project. The comment raised was: 

A participant from Banaue asked the facilitators if they can be provided with the module from a previous training for Component 3A to serve as pattern for what specific data/information can be collected in reference to what Prof. Lalican presented.

 A USB flash disk was distributed per municipality containing all the proceedings of the training after the workshop.

C. Presentation: Partial Result of Component 1B for Ifugao by Prof. Joyce DL. Grajo

Ms. Grajo presented the partial results of Component 1B particularly the communitybased adaptations in Ifugao. Results of the survey conducted specifically on the adaptation strategies for drought, flood, rainfall and typhoon were presented. The following were the comments: Maybe the frequencies can be presented separately by the type of farm terrain, i.e. upland, lowland.

 Drought Why is “DEFORESTATION” considered as an adaptive strategy for drought? Kaingin and deforestation are NOT adaptive strategies for drought.  Could have been misunderstood by farmers as “reforestation”

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 May depend on the context of how the respondents understood the question. e.g Kaingin could have been done by farmers to augment income or to prepare area for next planting season

On the construction of terraces: this may mean restoration or reconstruction but not the actual construction of new terraces

 FLOOD On the response find other water source and set-up irrigation: maybe it should be to find water source… The word “other” may be deleted because flood waters could serve as water source for irrigation.

D. Presentation: Partial Result of Component 2A: Crop Models Identified for Ifugao By Prof. Liza N. Comia

Prof. Comia presented the partial results of Component 2A particularly the cropping calendars developed for Banaue, Ifugao based on projected climate data from PAG-ASA. The following are the questions and comments: 1. What variety of rice was considered? 2. Was temperature, humidity considered in developing the cropping calendars? 3. Rainfall may not be enough to predict the optimal planting dates. 4. What was presented by Ms. Comia may be applicable in the lowland but not in the upland. What happens in Banaue may be different to what happens in the lowlands. 5. There should also be prediction on the yield by 2020. 6. What is the significance of 2020 and 2050 as prediction years? 7. Why not focus on the restoration of a better climate rather than on the adaptive strategies.  international concern related to emission of greenhouse gasses in Europe and its effect to the developing countries

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DAY 2 – December 2, 2010

A. The morning program started with presentations on the Design of Monitoring and Evaluation (M and E) Systems (Note: Background materials can be found in the Training Module distributed on the first day of the training/workshop.)

A. Presentation: Tips for an Effective Monitoring and Evaluation by: Ma. Kristina C. Sembrano

B. Presentation: Criteria for a Good M and E by: Lea E. Rotairo C. Presentation: Importance of M and E By: In-Charge: Joyce DL. Grajo D. Presentation: Types of M and E by: Liza N. Comia E. Presentation: The Result of the Performance and Effectiveness of Indices Based on Principal Component Analysis and Correlation Analysis by: Liza N. Comia, Lea E. Rotairo, Joyce DL. Grajo, Ma. Kristina C. Sembrano

The result of the principal component analysis showed the significant indicators of hazards and adaptive/mitigation strategies for drought, floods, typhoon and rainfall. In addition, correlation analysis showed whether there were relationships between the computed indices versus age, educational attainment and total income.

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F. Presentation: Community-Based Adaptive Measures categorized as Technological, Infrastructure, Institution and Policy – Result of the workshop presented by the different groups. By: Participants

Technological group ( Homes Domoyan, Andres Ordillo, Romeo Bulahao, Elma Pumihie, Mario Galion) Typhoon 1. For safety measure stay/shelter yourselves in safety places 2. Installation of PAGASA 3. Prune trees that may cause accident in the residential areas 4. Prepare sufficient food supplies, medical supplies

Rainfall 1. Installation of rain gauge in the locality to determine the volume of water that may come 2. Provide sufficient outlet in the paddy field 3. Open drainage of Irrigation Dam and close intake 4. No pasturing of animals at riverbanks

Drought 1. Construction of catch basin 2. Putting of mulching to plants 3. Plant drought resistant crops 4. Establishment of fire prevention belt on the forest/mountain 5. Construction of deep well/big reservoir for water supply 6. Employing tradition practices on natural forest trees regeneration

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Flooding 1. Build on ark-like NOAH’s time 2. Construction of flood control on flood prone areas 3. Clean Drainage Canal 4. Observe proper waste disposal

Infrastructure group ( Anastacia Bahatan, Corazon Bangalaw, Henry Codamon, Ramon Tayaban, Frenuel Dulnuan)

Drought 1. Construct deep well water source 2. Construct strong impounding dams. 3. Construct irrigation system (surface, underground, pipes, PVC) 4. Construct water tanks

Rainfall 1. Construct post harvest storage ware house 2. Construct sewerage water spill waste in farms and roads 3. Provide covered side walks and waiting sheds 4. Construct concrete farms to market roads 5. Construct bridges and foot bridges to farms

Typhoon 1. Construct evacuation center 2. Construct ware houses

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Flooding 1. Construct strong wide and high river control 2. Construct evacuation center 3. Construct sewerage 4. Construct irrigation water control 5. Construct strong Dams

Institutional Group Typhoon, Rainfall, Drought and Flooding 1. LGU ( BDCC, MDCC, PDCC 2. Farmers’ Association 3. Environment Council 4. CWA 5. Others (NGOs) All of the above must be provided with the following: 1. Trainings and workshops to be able to provide services properly 2. Necessary resources for the conduct of their services

Policy group (Emilio Abayao and Paulo Pimgat) Covering all events 1. There should be advanced information before the occurrence of the calamity 2. Establish an information Center accessible to every sitio within the barangay and accessible to new technology, instrument to fast-track information delivery /dissemination 3. Inform farmers in advance to harvest matured crops before the typhoon occurs 4. Implement immediate mitigating measure before any calamity occurs 5. Implement planting calendar to be followed by the farmers 6. Practice organic farming 7. Conduct yearly tree planting to denuded area 8. Protect and preserve forest area

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G. Presentation: Other Types of M and E by Prof. Nelita M. Lalican followed by a workshop. Workshop was conducted for each municipality to come up with an M and E system for four (4) identified adaptation strategies (projects) stating briefly the community-based adaptation strategy, objectives, indicators and time frame including, person responsible and date of completion. The output of the workshop is presented as follows: (NOTE: the Banaue group presented an umbrella program covering several adaptation strategies)

DAY 3: December 3, 2010: Presentation of workshop output by participants PROJECT PROPOSAL from Banaue group GENERAL INFORMATION : 1.A.- Title : LGU Material Recovery with Shredder Facility 1.B.- Location : Awan Igid, Banaue, Ifugao 1.C.- Proponent : Banaue Municipal LGU 1.D.- Source of Fund and Budgetary Requirements : a.

Banaue LGU (will solicit funds from all possible sources): a.1. Cost of 20 unitS 3 toner weed/grass shredder – a.2. Lot for Construction of MRF shed . . . . . . . . .

P2,600,000.00 5,000,000.00

a,3. Labor for construction of shed and installation of Shredder Machine . . . . . . . . .

150,000.00

a.4. 1,500 pcs. 8”x 12” Hollowblocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

18,000.00

a.5.

150 pcs. G. 26 12’cor G.I. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

67,500.00

a.6.

250 pcs. 2”x 6”x16’ lumber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

42,240.00

a.7.

30 Kls. 4” CWN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

a.8

12 kls. 2” CWN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

810.00 ..

324.00

P5,278,064.00 Banaue LGU: b.1. Two (2) units hauler Dump Trucks . . . . . . .. . . . TOTAL PROJECT COST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Say: TEN MILLION

1,600,000.00 P9,478,064.00 P10,000,000.00

Contact Persons : Honorable Jerry U. Dalipog, Municipal Mayor

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RATIONALE The Municipality of Banaue consisting of 18 barangays is one of the tourist attractions of Ifugao with a total household of 3,952 total population of 20,563 as of year 2000. All barangays are vegetated with century old trees and farmlands wrapped around mountain slopes and irrigated by natural springs that sprouts from the foot of the mountains and further making fresh streams cascading to the rivers that flows whole year round even during summer timely for the peak of local and foreign tourist visiting the Cordilleras. The threat to this natural and clean setting is the irresponsible handling of nonbiodegradable materials by the residents especially those living near the streams where the flowing water is an easy access for their garbage, making the streams dirty and unsafe for recreation for the residents and visiting tourists. This problem could be averted by putting value to the scrap and non-biodegradable materials usually carelessly thrown anywhere. Buying them at a reasonable price and selling them would encourage the residents to be responsible in handling their garbage for money to be used for their daily necessities or savings. Likewise bio-degradable materials could be shredded and could be converted to organic fertilizer to be used in enriching the soil for vegetable gardening. This LGU would like do its part in cleanliness and sanitation and the environmental preservation of the community by establishing the Material Recovery Facility (MRF) that could avert the garbage problem hence this proposal.

OBJECTIVES: GENERAL :

The project will be primarily undertaken to help support the nation

wide campaign for a “ CLEAN AND GREEN ENVIRONMENT” or “ SAVE MOTHER EARTH” movement that will instill environmental consciousness to every Ifugao

SPECIFIC :

1. Conduct Education on proper garbage disposal 2. Establish barangay based organization on garbage disposal and re-activate the Municipal Environmental Council for easier coordination with the cooperative on the collection of garbage for sell. 3. Motivate the Community by generation of savings by selling of properly segregated waste materials.

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IMPLEMENTING MECHANISM: 

Any contract or agreement made with the funding agency and proponent will be strictly followed and implemented for the sustainability of the project.

The project will be under the supervision and Management of the Municipal LGU who will implement the project through formulated guidelines and policies set by the Municipal Environmental Council.

Monitoring and evaluation will be done to see the impact of the project for continuous improvement of the system.

1V.c.- A separate book of account of the project will be maintained to keep track of the financial performance of this particular business.

EXPECTED OUTPUT: The Banaue LGU Material Recovery Facility with Shredder will be able to contribute in the cleanliness program of the LGU and will be able to establish a continuous source of income and savings generation of the community by doing proper garbage disposal on a long term basis and will likewise contribute in maintaining, conserving and preserving the 8th Wonder of the World.

SUSTAINABILITY : The LGU has a well established systems and procedures and has capable officers and management staff who will undertake to fit this program in their operations which will become a continuous facility to avert the Garbage Crisis in the community

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EROSION MITIGATION MEASURE

Project Title: Agro-Forestry Land Management Technology Demo Project Site – Barangay Ibayong Source of Fund: Direct Beneficiary – owner of land – four families Indirect Beneficiary- 25 to 35 owners of rice field Objectives: 1. To develop a denuded area of .54 hectares in Barangay Ibayong 2. To serve as watershed to the rice fields below the Project and later shed to the Magat Dam. 3. To demonstrate how the enrich denuded kaingin at Barangay Ibayong as show window to other community. Activities Clearing the area Canvas seed Purchase veg seeds Canvas and purchase forest seedling Canvas and purchase fruit seedling Sowing 200 arabica seeds Organic fertilizer preparation Organic pesticide preparation

Q1

Q2

Q3

X

x

Q4

x x

x

X

x

x

x

Indicators

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

Flood control and erosion mitigation

Project Title: Flood Control, Pathway and Irrigation Project Site; Barangay Ibayong Source of Fund: ? Fund Required: PhP213K Objective: To riprap a 30 meter flood control and pathway that served as irrigation



Vegetable agro-forestry (VAF) Objectives: General: 1. Regulate the expansion of watershed denudation converting for vegetable production. 2. Provide a permanent and sustainable vegetable garden inter planting with fruits and indigenous forest trees. Specific: 1. Conserve soil erosion 2. Maximize income efficiency of the farm area 3. Show window project to similar problems in the Cordillera

Indicators 1. VAF stakeholders are organized and accredited by concern body 2. Technology is properly disseminated to all member-farmers and established in all the individual farms. 3. Maintained a productive watershed areas 4. Model sites can be a show window to all neighboring places.

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

Organic fertilizer production Objectives General: Production of in-expensive fertilizer for vegetable and fruit bearing trees. Specific: 1. To formulate organic fertilizer from bio-degradable materials from garbage 2. To recycle non-biodegradable materials for income generating activities. Indicators: 1. Vegetable farmers adopt organic fertilizer for vegetable production 2. Income generated from waste materials 3. Presence of waste in the locality 4. Degradable and non-biodegradable materials are segregated

Targets: 1. 100% of farmers produce and use organic fertilizer from bio-degradable materials in their farms. 2. 100% non bio=degradable materials recovered from waste 3. 0% waste in the locality



TRAMLINES for Barangay Nagacadan Objectives: 1. To provide easier transport of agricultural products 2. Minimize losses and damages of agricultural products and cost of transportation 3. Maintained the ecological landscape of the rice terraces 4. Increase agricultural production 5. Improve the living condition of the community

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Indicators 1. Minimal cost of labor, time and effort 2. Improve quality and quantity of agricultural production 3. Protect economical damages of the rice terraces 4. Encourage farming activities to lessen idle lands. 5. Reduce the incidence of diseases and increase family income.

Setting Explicit Target Activity

Persons Involved

Time Frame

BLGU, NGO

2nd Q of 2011

Conduct meeting, orientation

MEO, lot Donor, MPDO,

3rd Q of 2011

and validation

BLGU

Project Implementation

MEO, BLGU, NGO

Project Proposal and Fund Sourcing

4th Q 2011- 1stQ 2012



AGRO-ECOLOGICAL PARK for Barangay Nagacadan

Objectives: 1. Watershed and biodiversity conservation 2. Provide learning Center for indigenous knowledge 3. Promote Tourism industry 4. Encourage investor for income generating and promote cultural products and practices. 5. To enhance indigenous practices

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Indicators 1. Sufficient water supply for agricultural and domestic use 2. Increase biodiversity (wild life, aquatic species) 3. Mitigate environmental hazard 4. Preserve and impart indigenous knowledge 5. Increase local and foreign visitors and investors 6. To uplift the socio-economic condition of the community.

Setting Explicit Target



Activity

Person Involved

Time Frame

Conduct meeting orientation

Community

1st Q 2011

Preparation of Documents

BLGU, MLGU

2nd Q 2011

Implementation

NGO, BLGU, MLGU,

2011 – 3rd Q

BFA

2014

Organic vegetable production

Objectives: 1. To provide supply of organically produced vegetables 2. Develop skills on organic farm preparation 3. Establish a sustainable source of organically grown vegetables 4. Increase income of organic farmers

Indicators 1. Availability of organically grown vegetables in the market 2. Farmers manifest the adoption of organic farm inputs 3. Replication of organic farm technology by other farmers 4. Extension of farm operation

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Targeting 1. Establishing an organic vegetable supply in the market 2. Package technology in vegetable organic farming 3. Producing at least 2.4 tons of organic vegetable products delivered to La Trinidad, Benguet 4. Economic sufficiency by at least 20% from its normal average income of the farmers.

A song sung as one of the ice-breakers: Man by nature is a fool When it’s hot, they want it cool When it’s cool, they want it hot Always wanting what is not

Registration

Presentation of participants

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PART 2: Report on the Training Workshop on Monitoring and Evaluation of Communitybased Adaptation Measures in Benguet held last December 8-10, 2010 at Benguet State University, La Trinidad, Benguet.

DAY 1: December 8, 2010

A brief introduction about the SPICACC Project was made by Prof. Nelita Lalican. This was followed by a short description of the monitoring done by the Department of Agriculture – CAR. Miss Imelda Gimeno mentioned that their monitoring involves keeping track of the activities related to the project as well as to validate whether their projects reach the intended beneficiaries.

Next, is a presentation on Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) made by Prof. Nelita Lalican. Included in the discussion were the options for community-based adaptive measures for climate change. These included technological, infrastructure, and institutional adaptive measures as well as those concerned with policies adapted to climate changes. A workshop immediately followed the discussion wherein the participants were divided into four groups, one for each option, wherein they were expected to come up with possible CC adaptive measures specific to the option assigned to them.

After the workshop, presentations of the partial result of Component 1B and the result of the performance and effectiveness of indices based on Principal Component Analysis and Correlation Analysis were done by Liza N. Comia, Lea E. Rotairo, Joyce DL. Grajo, Ma. Kristina C. Sembrano. The result of the principal component analysis showed the significant indicators of hazards and adaptive/mitigation strategies for drought, floods, typhoon and rainfall. In addition, correlation analysis showed whether there were relationships between the computed indices versus age, educational attainment and total income.

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Some comments on the presentations included:

Drought 

A participant asked who the respondents were, which was answered by explaining how the process (sampling process) of selecting the farmer respondents was done.

A MAO seemed to disagree on the result that younger farmers were more able to recognize indicators of drought than their older counterparts. He mentioned that, based on his personal experiences, older farmers who engaged more in farming are able to recognize the indicators better than the younger generation of farmers and that most of the young people now have different interests and engages not in agriculture but in other activities.

Flood 

A participant noted that “kaingin” as adaptive strategy to flooding may not be applicable since it aggravates flooding. However, it was also noted that farmers who engaged in “kaingin” did that to prepare additional farm lands in the hills or mountains in the event that their farms get flooded.

One general comment made was that some of the figures/statistics presented were difficult to understand or comprehend. Some participants suggested that the numbers/coefficients may be left out of the presentations and include only the significant or important indicators.

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DAY 2: December 9, 2010

The second day started with the presentation of the partial result of Component 2A: Crop Models Identified for Benguet, presented by Ms. Ma. Kristina Sembrano.

Comments: 1. What is the easiest possible way to present the result in layman’s terms? 2. Why present results for corn and rice?  Only corn, tomato and rice have established crop coefficients. It may need further studies.  UPLB and BSU can work together to come up with some studies using Benguet’s main produce. 3. What is SPI?  The participants are not expected to train farmers/etc. to conduct the same study. They are expected to somehow apply the results.  What the participants wanted was to have a background of the study. They cannot appreciate the results.  There was mention about a study by St. Louise University among cutflower farmers, in which a participant learned when to plant, which he thinks is more important.  Participants recognized that they can still use what was presented by using their own knowledge about rainfall requirements of other crops.  Another comment on how to simplify the presentation of “probabilities”.

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After the discussion, the groups from the first day presented the result of the workshop on adaptive measures.

Group 1: TECHNOLOGICAL ADAPTIVE MEASURES by Ramon Anacioco, Francisco Binay-an, Manuel Kew-an, Lorenzo Abuan, Saldy Lepago and Beriong Amcay

Crop rotation

Crop programming

Planting of resistant varieties

Organic agriculture

Integrated farming system

Good Agricultural Practices (GAP)

Sloping Agricultural Land Technology (SALT)

Agro-reforestation

Riprapping

Establishment of drainage system

Rain shelter

Establishment of catch basin/SFR/SWIP

Windbreaker establishment

Provision of mechanical drier

Crop diversification

Establishment of automated weather station

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Group 2: INFRASTRUCTURE & OTHER FACILITIES by Victoria Antonio, Hilaria Badival, Eugenio Cales, Pedrina Elias, Yolanda Lingbawan and Valentino Smith A. Support Infrastructure 

Construction of farm-to-market roads

Rehabilitation of farm-to-market roads

Construction of greenhouses/rain shelters for crops

Construction of nurseries

Construction of flood controls

Construction of tram lines

Construction of foot trails/foot paths

Construction of foot bridges

Construction of road bridges

Construction of composting facilities

Construction of training center

Construction of fish hatchery & fish tanks/fish cages

B. Post-Harvest Facilities 

Construction of marketing centers/trading posts/collection centers or bagsakan centers

Construction of multi-purpose drying pavement

Construction of processing centers/packaging centers/cold storage facilities

Construction of seed storage

C. Irrigation Systems 

Construction of small farm reservoirs (FSR)

Construction of small water impounding projects (SWIP)

Construction of spring development

Rehabilitation & expansion of communal irrigation systems (CIS)

Construction of pump irrigation facilities

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Group 3: INSTITUTIONAL ADAPTIVE MEASURES Leader: Engr. Nicomedes Caliging, and Members: Lolita Begonio, Ronnie Carlos, Eliza Dominguez, Terte Vicente and Domelson Balangen. 

Integration of environmental awareness to the curriculum

Awareness on waste management

Use of biodegradable or recyclable packaging

Promotion of organic farming

Strengthening or rural/urban-based organization & other stakeholders

Recognizing/Empowering women participation

Municipal ecological solid waste management

Nursery development program

Municipal composting project

Program on natural organic agriculture

Include IEC on adaptive measures on climate change during homily or sermons/Holy Mass

Strengthening collaboration/linkages among institutions – i.e., public-private linkages

Protective horticulture projects

Presence/availability of longer term on management plan for institutional programs & projects

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Group 4: POLICIES 

Check vulnerable areas as priority of the project

Make use of available data to help identify areas of study

Irrigation

PVC or rubberized hose

Community-managed irrigation system (save the hose/forest)

Strengthening KSP through institutions/organizations with the active integral role of elders & women

Earlier data/information dissemination

Generate a warning system: radio, tangguyob, text, ringing of bells, owaw

Community to agree

Strengthen policies to discourage burning of wastes during drought

Crop insurance through government subsidy

Research & development up to the barangay level

Capacity to disseminate information

regular & updated (to avoid under- or overestimation of crop damages)

Education

Not only farmers but also politicians

Strengthen existing structures for risk reduction (municipal level)

Policy on credit for those affected by climate change hazards

Provision of infra & other support to all affected (directly & indirectly)

Capacity building

Organizations & cooperatives (to promote leadership & transparency)

Strengthening linkage/relationship between LGU & communities in choosing or using appropriate technologies

the need to protect but popularize technologies

Strengthening communities, mutual help

Gender & age as cross-cutting themes

with active participation of farmers

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Some comments on the presentations included: Institutional 

There should be stricter implementation of RA 9003 (Solid Waste Management) at the local level.

Empower farmers.

Political will is important.

IKSP – Indigenous Knowledge System Program

Include “Review or revisit of existing ordinances”, e.g. require tree planting before the issuance of environment certificates. This is to harmonize existing laws with new ones being created.

Push for stricter implementation of rules and regulations.

Policy

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Following the group presentations were discussions on topics related to the Design of Monitoring and Evaluation (M and E) Systems.

Presentation: Tips for an Effective Monitoring and Evaluation In-Charge: Ma. Kristina C. Sembrano

Presentation: Criteria for a Good M and E In-Charge: Lea E. Rotairo

Presentation: Importance of M and E In-Charge: Joyce DL. Grajo

Presentation: Types of M and E In-Charge: Liza N. Comia, Nelita M. Lalican

Comments: 1. If after evaluation, there were negative results, will the project be abandoned? ďƒ˜ Not necessarily abandon the project but rather identify the areas where implementation falls short. ďƒ˜ Flaws in the implementation of the project should be included in the reports. 2. Usual causes of delay in government projects include late delivery of materials, calamities, and most of the time, human error. 3. Some set backs of the SPICACC: 1) beneficiaries were not informed; 2) implementers may not be aware of M and E; and 3) people were not consulted and that planning happens only among few persons.

After the presentation and discussion on M and E, the participants worked on another workshop. They were asked to come up with adaptation strategies (please see attached) incorporating a monitoring and evaluation. The participants were grouped by municipality. There was also a separate group from DA-CAR participants.

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Day 3: Presentation of workshop output by participants by municipality:

ATOK Name of Project

1. Rehabilitation of Pasdong irrigation system

2. Construction of 5 greenhouses in the 8 barangays

3. Reforestation of denuded communal areas at Poblacion, Atok

Objective

Indicator

1. To increase production of rice by 10% in 2012

No of kilos of produced rice

2. To increase production area by 1.5 hectares

No of hectares irrigated

1. To produce vegetables during unfavorable condition 2. To maintain supply of quality vegetables 1. To plant 5,000 various species of forest tree seedlings in 2011

Time Frame

Agency Responsible

January 2011 to December 2011

NIA, LGU, farmer beneficiaries

No of kilos of vegetables produced

3rd quarter to 4th quarter, 2011

DA, LGU, farmer beneficiaries

No of trees planted

June 2011 to August 2011

DENR, LGU, Barangay officials of Poblacion and the community

2. To prevent soil erosion Prepared by: Fred Rufino

Beriong Amcay

Valentin Smith

Terte Vicente

Victoria Antonio

Pedrina Elias

BUGUIAS

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PROJECT COMMUNAL FOREST

OBJECTIVES TO HAVE SUSTAINABLE WATER SUPPLY

COMMUNAL IRRIGATION

TO HAVE EFFICIENT MICRO WATERSHED DISTRIBUTION

ACTIVITIES Identify/fix boundaries of communal forests

 

 

TIME FRAME

INDICATORS  Area of communal forests identified and fenced  Number of communal forests  Number of trees planted  Area planted

Identify stakeholders Tree planting of endemic and indigenous water enhancing trees(WET) Construction of concrete water tanks Main irrigation pipes installation

 

3 months

 

Education for values to strengthen cooperation

continuous conduct

during rainy season during summer

 

 MULTIPURPOS E SEED STORAGE

TO PROVIDE ACCESSIBLE AND EFFICIENT SEED STORAGE/SEED BANKING FOR POTATO TUBERS

 Survey and selection of a strategic site  Construction of a rearing house for potato tubers  Strengthening cooperation/partnership between stakeholders from different municipalities

Training Report for Component 3B of UPLBFI-SPICACC3.1 Activity 3.3

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during summer

   

30

Number of beneficiaries and areas Number/size of tanks constructed Number of pipes installed Number of strategic areas piped Number of farmers educated Number of families, youth and elders Area of storage constructed Number or kilo of tubers stored Number of farmers benefited Number of kilos bartered Number of partners from other communities


MUNICIPAL ORGANIC AGRICULTURE PROGRAM: SABLAN, BENGUET GENERAL OBJECTIVE: To push for the adoption of an environmentally-sound and healthy agricultural production technology is an adaptive measure to mitigate the effects of climate change. NAME OF PROJECT

OBJECTIVES

INDICATORS

BUDGET

TIME FRAME

TARGET AGENCY/PERSON RESPONSIBLE

Information education campaign Trainings /Seminars

 To conduct at least 8 batches of trainings /seminars on organic agriculture in relation to climate change

8 batches @ 35 pax

P 70,000

June – August 2011

DA, SPICACC, LGU, DENR

Assemblies

 To conduct information education campaign on organic agriculture program to 8 brgy. during brgy. assemblies

8 per barangay

P8,000

May & October 2011

MLGU-Brgy-DA

Summit

 To conduct municipalwide farmers summit

1 municipalwide

P15,000

November 15, 2011

MLGU – DA

Technology demonstration

 To conduct demonstration on vermincomposting to two barangays

2 sites

P20,000

October – December 2011

MLGU – DA SMCACC

Farmers field school

 To conduct at least 2 farmers field school on organic veg. production

2 batch @ 20 pax

P40,000

DA, BSU, LGU mun & prov

Experience-based advocacy enhancement training

 To conduct experientialbased advocacy enhancement training to CALABARZON area to 2 batches

100 pax – 2 batches

P300,000

DA – CHARM, LGU, DAR, PDAF DA – ATI

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NAME OF PROJECT

Municipal Composting

OBJECTIVES

Members:

To produce at least 500 bags of organic fertilizer & to generate income of P100,000 annually To showcase the production of organic fertilizers to farmers & other stakeholders for one production cycle To lessen the volume of biodegradable waste materials in the municipality of at least 20% - 30%

INDICATORS

 

    

2 sites/group Detailed physical plan of composting facilities Provision of African Night Crawler Labor construction maintenance Pick-up 4x4 vehicle

BUDGET

P 2,000,000

Nicomedes L. Caliging – MPDC Ramon M. Anacioco – MAO Manuel M. Kew-an – A. T. Rony V. Carlos – A. T. Eugenio S. Cales – MAFC Chairman/Farmer Lorenzo C. Abuan – Farmer

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TIME FRAME

TARGET AGENCY/PERSON RESPONSIBLE

December 2010 onwards

BSWM, DA, LGU, Brgy, SPICACC, PDAF, DAR, DENR, DACHARM, HEDCOR


TUBA LGU TUBA Members:

Francisco Binay-an Eliza Y. Dominguez Joel Pacio

PROJECT: EROSION CONTROL PROJECT AT 3.0 HECTARES SUBDIVISION AREA IN COMPLIANCE WITH ECC AS PROVIDED BY EMB FOR DEVELOPING SUBDIVISION OBJECTIVE: PREVENT SOIL EROSION AND SILTATION AT WATER SOURCES AND FARMLANDS WITHIN THE MUNICIPALITY OF TUBA

ACTIVITIES

INDICATORS

1. Construction of Grouted Riprap 1.1 Design Evaluation 

Pre-implementation

 Plans, specification and bill of materials reviewed

Implementation

o

Delivery of construction materials

o

Construction/Implementation

o

Post-inspection

According to plans and specifications

1.2 Tree planting activities 

Site identification

Areas to be planted

Tree planting implementation

Number of trees

 Number of species (mahogany, caliandra, bamboo and fruit trees)

TARGETS/TIME FRAME: WEEK 1

WEEK 2

PLANNED Delivery of Construction 25% Materials

WEEK3

25%

WEEK4

25%

WEEK 5

25%

TOTAL

100%

ACTUAL

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Distribution of certificates of appreciation, certificates of attendance and photo session

Pictures of the participants during the activities.

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Group pictures of participants and facilitators by municipality

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IV. SUMMARY

Component 3B of UPLBFI-SPICACC was conducted in Ifugao last December 1-3, 2010 with 14 participants coming from the municipalities of Banaue and Kiangan. Other municipalities were also invited. Some IFSU faculty members participated in the workshop. The same was also done in Benguet with 30 participants coming from four municipalities (Atok, Buguias, Sablan and Tuba), BSU and DA The adaptation and risk mitigation strategies identified through formal survey and focus group discussion in Component 1B was subjected to principal component analysis to come up with indexes by disaster. The purpose is to come up with indicators that can be used in monitoring and evaluation part. Results showed that 

Young farmers are more able to recognize the indicators of drought.

The more the farmer identifies the drought indicators, the higher their income from farming.

Age and income influence the way a farmer perceive an upcoming typhoon.

It can be further inferred that the adaptations being made by each farmer may not suffice to counter changes in climate, particularly the occurrence of typhoon and flooding.

Age and level of education influence the way a farmer perceive a coming rainfall and flooding.

Participants from both provinces were able to identify adaptation and risk mitigating measures categorized as technological, institutional, infrastructure and policy related.

The participants were able to come up with strategies for adaptation and risk mitigation for their respective municipalities. For each strategy, they have an objective, indicator to be measured to determine its efficiency and effectiveness and a time frame. Examples of these were as follows:         

Rehabilitation of Pasdong irrigation system - ATOK Construction of 5 greenhouses in the 8 barangays - ATOK Reforestation of denuded communal areas at Poblacion, ATOK Communal Forest- BUGUIAS Communal Irrigation - BUGUIAS Multipurpose Seed Storage - BUGUIAS Information education campaign - SABLAN Municipal Composting – SABLAN Agro-Forestry Land Management Technology Demo -IFUGAO

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 Flood Control and Erosion Mitigation  Vegetable Agro-forestry (VAF)  Organic Fertilizer Production  TRAMLINES for Barangay Nagacadan  AGRO-ECOLOGICAL PARK for Barangay Nagacadan  Organic Vegetable Production The Component 3B training program accommodated the presentations of the Vulnerability assessment questionnaire (Component 1A) in Ifugao and the presentation of the Crop Models Identified (Component 2A) both in Ifugao and Benguet.

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V. LIST OF PARTICIPANTS List of participants who attended the Module 3B training in Ifugao from Dec 1-3, 2010 Name

Office/designation

E-mail Address

Cellphone #

James Damoyan

LGU Banaue

Anastacia Bahatan

LGU Banaue

adbahatan@yahoo.com

09295111855

Andres Ordillo

LGU Banaue

Elma Pumihic

Farmer

Poblacion, Banaue

Corazon Banggalao

Farmer

Poblacion, Banaue

Emilio Abayan

LGU Banaue

FrenuelL. Dulnuan

IFSU-Faculty

Henry Cadawon

Farmer

Nagacadan, Kiangan

09063794497

Jose Daniels

IFSU-Faculty

malayogaw@yahoo.co m

09254035232

Romeo Bulahao

Farmer

Nagacadan, Kiangan

Maria Galeon

Bayanihan Farmers Asso.

Nagacadan, Kiangan

09267416689

Leo Dulawan

Farmer

Nagacadan, Kiangan

0926837321

Ramon Tayaban

Bayanihan Farmers Asso.

Paulo Pinegat

AT- LGU Kiangan

ppinegat@yahoo.com

09057477257

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List of participants who attended Module 3 training progam in Benguet from December 8 – 10, 2011 Name

Office/designation

E-mail Address

Valentino Smith Torte Vicente

Paoay, Atok

Jerrenelia Sacla Belen Sacla Fred Rufino Joel Pacio Rowena Ngina Manuel Kew-An Pedrina Elias Eliza Dominguez Rony Carlos Nicomedes Galiging

Farmer LGU-Brgy KatuboKagawad RIC- Buguias Farmer LGU,Atok, MAO Kagawad Farmer AT, LGU MPDO-PEO1 PO11-MPDO LGU, Sablan, Benguet LGU, Sablan, MPDO

Eugenio S. Cales Francisco Binay-an Victoria Antonio Ramon Anacioco Beriong K-Amcay Lorenzon C. Abuan Zaldy T. Lepago Lolita Beganio Yolanda Lingbawan

Farmer MAO AT, LGU, Atok MAO Brgy. Kagawad, Atok Farmer MAFC, Atok LGU, Atok DA SPICACC Member

Nicasio S. Baucas

DA-RFU-CAR/RPCMT member DA-RPCMT

Ma. Isabel B. Zabala Imelda L. Gemino Hilaria B. Badival

Matyline Camfili Ruth S. Batani Domelson F. Balangen Noel Villa Galito Malingte

DA-RPCMT, SPICACC Project DA-RFUCAR/SPICACC, RPCMT member ISRD, BSU ISRD, BSU BSU GAI CAR Volunteer DA-CAR-SPICACC Provincial Facilitator/SPICACC PMO, Benguet

Cellphone # 09099253032 09092173352 09077987222 09287377568

Tuba, Benguet ncaliging@yahoo.co m

Paoay, Atok Bayabas, Sablan Paoay, Atok yudilingbawan@yaho o.com nbaucas@yahoo.co m mabz888@gmail.co m imeldagemino@yaho o.com Hbb168@hotmail.co m mcamfili@yahoo.com rayalrutie@yahoo.co m domsecho@yahoo.c om

Training Report for Component 3B of UPLBFI-SPICACC3.1 Activity 3.3

09085280955 09204224864 0920345510 09183755433 09291668804 09284712829 09305966556 09095224641 09197682292 09397959846 09082516981 09208251064 09109060097 09186191224 09176168964 09395632558 09067740433 4 09272958544 1

422-1877 09287541417 09175231811 09274486307

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Appendices

Training Report for Component 3B of UPLBFI-SPICACC3.1 Activity 3.3

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Component 3B  

Capacity Building of Local Stakeholders on Community-Based Climate Change Adaptations in Benguet and Ifugao: Monitoring and Evaluation of Ad...