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Research and apply Information on the Traditions which inform Photo imaging practice Sue McArthur

CUVPHI03B

Class Report

Sue McArthur Research and apply Information on the traditions which inform Photo imaging practice CUVPHI03B Class Report

1


Week 4 17 Nov. 2011 Period 1985 - onwards Presenter-Jackson Sommerich Jack talked about HDR range photography. His photographer was Jill Greenberg, and he handed out her book to the members of class to look at. She was born in Canada, but

photographs of children crying when she took candy from them. She photographed John McCain and manipulated the photo to make him look evil, and as a result never worked for the Atlantic Magazine again. She changed the eyes on the portraits of monkey photographs. Here is her photo of Gwen Stefani, used for the album cover and that she used lots of glow and blue gradient to give her subjects a glow and also her photo of Mark Zuckerberg. Jak also talked about Richard Avendon and La Chapelle.

grew up in America She adopted Photoshop and got her liking of technology from her mother who was a Cobol

A very interesting

Programmer. She took

presentation.

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Week 4 - 17 Nov. 2011 Period 1985 - onwards Presenter Natasha Civijovski

cussed and Natasha told us of his interest in radia-

Natasha came into

the class in the full regalia of the time, looking resplendent in fluorescent colours and went to quite an effort to look the part. She talked about things that were going on at the time like Prince Charle’s wedding, Live Aid at Wembley Park, Band Aid and the song “Do they know it’s Christmas”, and Chernobyl. This was backed up with very graphic images of the people who suffered the affects of Chernobyl and that thousands had suffered as a result of the leak, and many died of thyroid cancer. I found the photos mostly too confronting to reproduce in this document. She also talked about the television show Neighbours and Madonna’s popularity in the 1980’s. She talked about the Polaroid camera in the period 1963-1986, the Spectra Polaroid as well as Barbara Cranes Polaroid photos, “Nature in Abstract” . Horst Ademeit was dis-

tion. Horst Ademeit, a selection from 10.000 Polaroids measuring X rays, laser rays, electromagnetic waves, cosmic dust. Alon Reininger was Natasha’s photographer, and she showed his photographs and talked about him being the face of Aids. He covered a lot of subjects and in 1986 won an award for it.

Jerry Cirasuolo visits Aids patient Jimmy Ladd.

On the political side Natasha talked about photos not being the same with the new laws restricting photographers these days.

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Week 4 - 17 Nov. 2011 Period 1960-1985 Presenters Suellen Symons, Georgina Murray Andreas Viher Suellen’s presentation covered where photography fits in this period Fashion shots, cover stories, and commercial, two parallel developments, to shift into the galleries. Andy Warhol designed the cover for the Stones Cover and John Lennon and the Stones. A letter from Mick Jagger asking AndyWarhol to do his art work Fassbinders fill track “Overelle” he used photos for screen printing and played around with aesthetics and Roy Lichentstein comic style sold 43 million copies. David Hockney “Pete in Nicks Pool” American collectors, Roland Barthes “many elements within their pictures were de ja vue”. Raymond Williams Marxist quote, David Hockney photo collages

Conceptual Art and Pop Art in the 70’s was a narrow perspective and they started to reevaluate. A bigger Splash, David Hockney Polaroid 1982 composite Polaroid pool shot sun on the pool. Merced River Yosemite Brooklyn Bridge. Annie Leibovitz and his mother and he was inspired by Picasso and Nicholas Wilding Prehistoric Museum near Palm Springs. Still life with a guitar. David Hockney photo collages Polarisation of light done with a Polaroid camera by Edwin Land and develops Polaroid he invented little crystals the profit went back into further development. Ansel Adams did a lot of Polaroid Land photography. The Sirens III by Suellen 20x24” Polaroid. “The Sirens III New York Series 20 X 24 inch Polaroid 1988 Description : New York Series was made while I was resident in the Australia Councils Visual Arts Board Greene Street Loft. It was a challenge for me because I started out painting many back drop paintings and ended up covering them up with fabric and plastics to make a much more interesting background to my series based on the theme of identity. “

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Week 4 - 17 Nov. 2011 Period 1960-1985 Georgina Murray A Period of Social Change There was great political up he a vel, disillusionment in the Government, Anti-Vietnam war, Civil Rights. In this photo it was said that the Photographer ruined the General’s life. It was quoted “The general killed the Viet Cong; I killed the general with my camera.” What the photograph didn’t say was, ‘What would you do if you were the general at that time and place on that hot day, and you caught the so-called bad guy after he blew away one, two or three American soldiers? Adams later apologized

Yoko Ono and John Lennon in their bed from Room 902 as photographed by Nico Koster

Birmingham Alambama beatings; Charles Moore, 1963 Eddie Adams's Pulitzer Prize-winning photo of General Nguyễn Ngọc Loan executing Nguyễn Văn Lém, a Viet Cong officer.

in person to General Nguyễn and his family for the damage it did to his reputation. We saw Nick Ut’s Pulitzer Prize winning photograph of Kim Phuc.

Alberto Korda was a Cuban photographer and his photo of Che Guevara.

Nick Ut - Taken June 8, 1972, this photograph earned Ut the Pulitzer prize, and Kim Phuc, centre, a great deal of attention for many years. Pulitzer Prize-winner Sue McArthur Research and apply Information on the traditions which inform Photo imaging practice CUVPHI03B Class Report

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Week 4 - 17 Nov. 2011 Period 1960-1985

Another famous photo was that of Victor and Erna Hassellblad in 1973, along with Ingmar Bergman and his family, and Ingrid Bergman. Those

Georgina Murray Photographer Lennart Nilsson

of Olof Palme, the soon to be Prime Minister taken with his son, before he was Prime Minister and later as sa sin a ted, he was

A Child is Born

He was a Swedish photojournalist. He did macro medical photos of subjects. His first photo was in Solna in 1938, of a traffic accident.. He took photos of the liberation of Oslo Sweden-Norway border 1944 and the Salvation Army Band in 1962.

an anti a pert he id Social Democrat. There was a photo of Louis Armstrong eating a salami sandwich. Umea. He began investigating endoscopes and in 1965 produced the Drama of Life in birth the Cover of Life and a Child is Born in 1965. This book was used in sex education and anti abortion campaigns. He was known as the Da Vinci of medical photography. A very informative presentation indeed!

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tor of Rolling Stone, Jann Wenner with her photographs. At that time, Rolling Stone had just launched her first assignment was to shoot John Lennon 1970. The magazine covered political issues and music of the time. Arnie Schwarzenegger said of her “she was one of the boys”. In 1975 she went on the world tour of the Rolling Stones. She photographed John Lennon and Yoko Ono a few hours before he

Week 4 - 17 Nov. 2011 Period 1960-1985 Andreas Viher PhotographerAnnie Leibovitz Andre went completely into character of the times by wearing a ‘70s outfit, with a lace up denim shirt, flares, and a curly wig. He introduced his show by doing whirly gigs into the room and talking in the lingo of the day. He talked about Annie Leibovitz, that she was the 3rd eldest of 6 children and spent her time moving around in cars as her father was in the air force, and that she saw her life through the window of car, which helped in framing pictures. She took a summer course in photography to help her to get into University and loved it. The school’s methods were based on the work of Cartier Bresson, and she lived by the book of Bresson. In 1970 when she approached the founding edi-

was shot it was quoted that was the most important cover the last 40 years”. Later on she moved to Vanity Fair.

“It of

A very lively and entertaining performance from Andreas! Sue McArthur Research and apply Information on the traditions which inform Photo imaging practice CUVPHI03B Class Report

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Week 3 - 9 Nov. 2011 Period 1935-1960 Presenters

worked for Life Magazine and just used his ideas of what should be shot rather than follow the brief given by the editor. He stayed up all night and took drugs. He was said to be very difficult to work with. He was the tortured artist version of the photographers. He talked about the

Nicolas Monteban, Stefan Von Reiche This presentation covered Technical and Scientific Soft jazz music played throughout the presentation and was very pleasant indeed. Nick talked about the Eugene Smith and • • • • • • • •

Kodachrome was developed Resin Photos SLR in 1936 Electronic flash Polaroid 1st Computer The development of the film cassette Showed roll film cameras and a twin reflex camera. This was a beautiful old camera.

Nick had interesting photos showing in the background on screen whilst he was talking about how your couldn’t load the film into cameras in the daylight prior to having the cassettes. Nick felt that the photographers of the day drove the change to the industry, rather than having to adjust to it and said that we still do photography the same way today, if you were to draw parallels between then and now. His photographer was W. Eugene Smith and he played music by Thelonious Sphere Monk an American jazz pianist and composer considered “one of the giants of American music”. William Eugene Smith (December 20, 1918, Wichita, Kansas – October 15, 1978, Tucson, Arizona) was an American photojournalist known for his refusal to compromise professional standards he was influential on photography at the time and was a genius but a very troubled person. He became famous as a photojournalist and became a humanist and wanted to convey realistically what was going on. He went the extra mile to get his shots. He

Pittsburgh photographs and Minamata in Japan and the mercury poisoning that occurred. Nick quoted “that he married fine art and photojournalism”.

Stefan drew a mind map to discuss his points and wrote on the white board in 3 columns. He talked about Pictorial ism and under this heading he noted • • • • • • •

Classical influences Subjective Dramatic lighting Creative imagination Literate symbolism Montage Rayographs (Photograms were used in the 20th century by a number of photographers, particularly Man Ray, who called them “rayographs”.)

Aesthetics and under this heading he noted • • • • •

Abstractionists Symbolists Advertising Fashion photography of the ‘30s Robert Frank who sums up his approach as sub-

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Straight Photography and under this heading he noted • New Objectivity • Realists they reacted to and looked for technical sharpness and focus etc. • Photojournalism • Documentary • Decisive • Cartier Bresson

flag and took her picture. The resulting photo, which Parks called “American Gothic, Washington, D.C.,” became a powerful symbol of the subservience of blacks in America. While at the FSA, Parks did all he could to break down racial barriers. With the full support of his boss, Roy Stryker, he took documentary photographs of everyday life, using his camera to depict racism and poverty.

He talked about Dorothy Lange photos and the Depression photos, of the Immigrant mother. Barbara Brooks Morgan, 1900–1992, is well known in the visual art and dance worlds for her penetrating photographic studies of American Modern dancers. His photographer was Gordon Parks 19122006 African American photographer, was born in Fort Scott, Kansas, on November 30, 1912, the youngest of fifteen children. At the age of 25, Parks was struck by photographs of migrant workers in a magazine and bought his first camera, a Voigtländer Brilliant, for $12.50 at a pawnshop. The photo clerks who developed Parks’ first roll of film, applauded his work and prompted him to get a fashion assignment at Frank Murphy’s women’s clothing store in St. Paul.

Again the jazz music was playing giving a poetic feeling to the images. Stefan mentioned the fashion photography of Gordon. I am sure Stefan could have talked more had time allowed.

Parks came across Mrs. Ella Watson, a black woman who had mopped floors for the government most of her life. He carefully posed her with a mop and broom in front of an American Sue McArthur Research and apply Information on the traditions which inform Photo imaging practice CUVPHI03B Class Report

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Week 3 - 9 Nov. 2011 Period 1910-1935 Presenters Loris Gooch, Diana Prada, Angel Minutti This presentation was very comprehensive. Jazz music played in the introduction and covered • Photojournalism, Technology, Ethics Great graphics in the beginning of the slide show together with an informative movie

the telegraph, but it didn’t have enough detail, and that it didn’t have enough detail so they experimented with it they engraved it on to tin, and put that into a cylinder. Then they discovered selenium that changed with light, the selenium cell at the other end of the line so they synchronised it at the other end to put the photo together. As a class exercise, they got us to reconstruct the exercise by one side of the class creating an image, and sending it to the other side of the classroom, to reconstruct the photo, which was good for class engagement. With the selenium cell they put light through the selenium cell with an electrical current to project the intensity. They discovered a constant lag, and they corrected the problems. They had a camera with bellows to show the class and told us that film couldn’t be loaded in the light and in that period they developed film canisters that could be loaded in daylight. They developed the 35mm film at that time and the speed of the film increased.

Diana talked about the • • • • • •

Child labour in 1912 Propaganda war photographs Nikon was established Flash bulb was invented 1930 Golden Age in photography 1935 Photographers used to help fight the Depression

Angel talked on subjects covering • • • • • • • • • •

Technology Capturing the image Printing Transmitting the image Camera Light sensitive material Printing process The half tone process Developing the image and Photoengraving

Angel discussed that telegraph was well known and that at this time they couldn’t yet send the image down the line. They wanted the news to be shown with images and wanted them sent telegraphically, so to transmit via cable to get the news instantly and as an example they sent the images in squares via

King Edward the 7th was the first photo to be sent down the wire. Diana talked on subjects covering the Photographers of the Great Depression such as Walker Evans, Jack Delano, Dorothy Lange and “The Immigrant Mother”, which was a very controversial image as it is said

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it was a set up photograph. Her photographer was Lewis Wickes Hines, who was concerned with social reform. He was born in Wisconsin in 1874. He took photos at Ellis Island and became interested in photojournalism and the first immigrants plus child labour and the immigrants on construction sites “The men on the beam” who worked with no safety measures. It was social reform that her photographer was after.

made from actors posing whilst the photographers took over 20 photographs and composites it to re-enact the scene and this was the forerunner to Photoshop. This trial was in 1924-1926. She showed war photography that was faked and the divorce cas of Daddy Browning and his wife Peaches.

Her Photographer was

Loris talked about • Christina Broom the 1st female Press Photographer, who was entirely self taught • 1914 Newspaper clippings of a man with a bomb strapped to himself • 1928 Press Photographers and that in those days photographers weren’t credited for their photos. Loris showed graphic photos of a lynching in Georgia and talked about ethics of yesteryear and today. She mentioned in the lynching photo the fact that the bystanders seemed to be oblivious to the plight of the hanged man and more interested in having their photos taken and that the institutional ethics of the Government of the time were wrong, by allowing this to happen, trying to control the people. Loris also showed Afghanistan “Kill Team” 5th Stryker Brigade, which was also very confronting. She debated that we are not more ethical today and showed the 1928 Electrocution photo of Ruth Snyder, who murdered her husband together with her partner. The New York Daily got a photographer to go in take the photo with a camera strapped to his leg. Tom Howard was the photographer, and he got a job at the White House after that. She showed the photo of Alice Rejlander, in 1924, half naked in front of the court, because she was accused of being coloured and a compos it graph was

Rodchenko who was part of the Russian Art Movement at the time of the Dada movement and his art as well. He was also a sculptor and graphic artist. She showed posters of

Mayokovsky, and The workers putting a fat pig on two swords. Mayokovsky was a friend of Rodchenko. She showed the Dimitri Moor poster with workers soldiers + sailors. The 1924 poster to encourage literacy and it was interesting with the photomontage in it. She also showed “Girl with Leica” and Stairway and talked about his foreshortening of photos and that his photos were taken on the diagonal in many instances.

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Week 2- 2 November 2011 Period 1885 - 1910 Presenters - Huy Nguyen + Dien Bui This presentation was presented as “Photography and its Impact on Society” It talked about the introduction of the Kodak camera in 1888 and that people realised how versatile photography could be and the affordability of the camera and that the portable camera could be hand held without the use of tripods any longer. Huy talked about the Photographer Stieglitz, and that he was the son of a German Immigrant. He considered himself an artist with a camera. He showed the light and shadow photograph and this photo. In 1905 he opened a

secessionist gallery called Gallery 291, on 5th Ave. New York where he hung all the impressionist’s paintings. He contributed to the art movement at the time. Huy showed “The Steerage” and talked about the different classes on the boat.

He also showed us “Poling the Marsh Hay” by Emerson, to demonstrate social life at the

time and one by Jacob Riis, Italian Mother and child and “couple on yarmouth sand” by Paul Martin”. Dien talked how the popularity of the hand held Kodak camera helped the President with his political campaign. He talked about the photographer Gertrude Kasebeir 1852-1934, born Gertrude Stanton until she married Mr Kasebeir after meeting him at her mother’s boarding house. She was interested in art and photography as a child but the establishment at the time didn’t allow her to study it. Later on in life when times had changed she attended the Pratt Institute, and in 1892 she won her 1st success in photography. Her major works were “The Red Man” in 1903. The subject felt self-conscious so she put a blanket around him to make him more comfortable. She had her first exhibition in 1898. She sold this photo “The Manger” for $1000, which was the highest price paid up until that time for a photograph. In 1900 she was elected into the Camera Club + The Linked Ring and in 1910 she became President of the Womens Federation of Professional Photographers Association of America. She died in 1934. A very interesting presentation, particularly hearing of the obstacles this woman had to overcome.

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Week 2- 2 November 2011 Period 1885 - 1910 Presenters - Moana Prescott This presentation was presented as “Photography and Technology” It talked about technology in 1885, 80 years since the announcement that a photo could be taken. In 1888 the push button camera was developed. The wet collodian process gave way to the daguerrotype. Richard Maddox and the gelatin process in 1871 and the wet collodian plate. Edward Muybridge with horses and men moving photograph and Talbot introduced the electronic flash. The introduction of the Kodak camera in 1888 , flexible photo film. George Eastman was an avid photographer became the founder of Kodak. Eastman wanted to simplify photography and had the slogan “You press the button and we’ll do the rest”. The 1800’s saw a boom in cameras concealed as everyday items, for exam-

ple inside matchboxes. Moana’s photographer was Edward S. Curtis, born in Wisconsin in 1868, to a family ethnologists. He dropped out of school and became an apprentice at the age of 17. He formed a partnership with Guptill and took this photo of Princess Angeline in 1985, it won the highest award for it’s time. From there he became interested in Indians. He met George Bird Grinnell, an expert on the Plains Indians of North American tribes and did the Harriman Alaskan Expedition. In 1906 he was given $75,000.00 to produce a series of photos on North American Indians. He died at 84 years of age. In the photo In Piegan Lodge objects were removed and he was charged with misrepresentation. His intention was to capture the Indians but other photographers accused him of exploiting them and misrepresenting them.

In 1900, George R. Lawrence built this mammoth 900 lb. camera, then the world’s largest, for $5,000 (enough to purchase a large house at that time!) It took 15 men to move and operate the gigantic camera.

Little Plume with his son Yellow Kidney occupies the position of honor, the space at the rear opposite the entrance. Compare with the unretouched original with the clock in it.

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Week 2- 2 November 2011 Period 1860-1885 Presenters Alicia Fung Sue McArthur Elizabeth Monaghan This presentation covered • Mathew Brady • Nadar • Mumler

Don’t have to report on this part of the pres-

entation, as it was our own presentation, but we covered the Zoopraxiscope and the Dallmeyer Camera. We also covered ‘fakery’. Alicia made a model of the camera and I bought in genuine cardde-visite. The “Civil War Ladies”. Alicia presented a movie on the Wet Collodian Process and gave a talk about Mathew

Brady. I covered Nadar. He was a • Dare-devil • Bohemian • Nonconformist • Inventor • Entrepreneur • Caricaturist • Balloonist • Journalist • Portrait Photographer • Eminent sitters • Few photographs of women • Mostly 3/4 turn, bust or half length • Solid backgrounds • Dramatic illumination • Used reflectors and artificial lamps • Won several awards for technical innovations

• Draped a studio cloak over the shoulders • • • •

to concentrate on the face Carrier pigeons Micro photography Showmanship Cartography from balloon

Elizabeth covered Mumler and the fakery that he used by double exposing negatives and super-imposed one head upon another such as this example in the above photo of Abraham Lincoln.

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Week 1 - 25 October 2011 Period 1835-1860 Presenters Jessica Maldonado Tulira Henley This presentation covered • Oscar Gustave Rejlander • André-Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri

Jess talked about Rejlander being a Swedish born artist. That he did photo montage. The photographic tableau “Two Ways of Life by Oscar Gustave Rejlander” was mentioned, with it’s 32 negatives, which took 6 weeks to capture. A very famous picture of Queen Victoria bought a copy of it. He exhibited until he died. Helped Charles Darwin with his book, which gave him a place in history. “The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals”.

Charles Darwin’s The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. Caption reads “Small dog watching a cat on a table. From a photograph taken by Mr. Rejlander.”

Tulira talked about Disderi and his cartede-visite and how they were used as a form of social currency. That Disdéri’s invention of paper carte de visite (i.e. visiting card) photograph first enabled the mass production of photographs. On 27 November 1854 he patented the system of printing ten photographs on a single sheet (although there is no evidence that a system printing more than eight actually materialised). This was the first patent ever for a carte de visite. An enjoyable and informative

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Week 1 - 25 October 2011 Period 1810-1835 Presenters Jo Bacic + Teresa Parker

used bitumen of judea rather than silver salts to leave the image. He could make positives but only using the lithographic process as he could not fix his works on paper, and he needed the assistance of a master printer to do so. The Physautotype process he developed with Daguerre would only allow a one off positive and was an early version of the Daguerrotype.

This presentation was very comprehensive. It covered • • • •

Old vs New Evolution of Processes Etching lithography printing Machine oriented - mass production

Beautiful presentation with burnt paper background and soft music by Beethoven, Fur Elise, which made it very relaxing Talked about the • War in 1812 • Slavery • Fashion • Oktoberfest in 1810 • Pride and Prejudice • Music • Miners Lamp • Jane Austen • Comprehensive history on the States of America and when they were formed • John Constable the artist Jo talked on subjects covering • Napoleon • Newton • Schulze + chalk + the toning properties

of gold + daguerreotypes

• Thomas Young + how we see things three

colours red, green 1801

• Nicéphore Niépce • Daguerre was the showman, painter who

thought big. Niepce sought him out for his ability to be able to see light with the camera obscura as his images until this point were not detailed enough (hence having to use lithographic etching techniques for shadow detail and tonality until that point). The important thing about Niepce was that his was the first permanent photo through a photochemical process. It was however on a matrix which was not paper (stone/glass & metal) and

• Talbot was important due to his use later

in time of hypo to fix his images. His was the first paper negative from which multiple positives on paper could be made and therefore far more accessible than the heliotype or the Daguerrotype to future generations.

• • • • • • •

The Romantic Era Photogravure. Indigo Napoleon War Great shortages The Bitumen + Resist method

Teresa talked on subjects covering • Camera Obscura • Sun, viewing, painting and drawing • Camera Lucida an optical device for

drawing

• Fox Talbot + Laycock Abbey

That Fox Talbot was well-to-do, and asked his family to keep all his letters from the age of 10 years old. Teresa attended a lecture in Sydney. She reported that he caused an explosion, that he was very good at Greek, and that his mother pushes him. Later in life he moves back to Laycock Abbey, and Theresa shows photos of Laycock Abbey Window. The story has a very good flow to it and you get the whole story. They engaged class participation with their examples of work that they had produced at a workshop they attended, to further enhance the presentation with class examples. There was a great conclusion to their presentation. It was very well presented, cohesive, informative, and set a very high standard for the rest of us!

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This is my photographic version of Nadar’s photo (below) of Cleo de Merode, taken for our class assignment. Nadar took mainly portraiture, his sitters were mostly without gesture. Nadar’s style of photography was mostly 3/4 turn, bust or half length, they were relaxed natural poses set against solid backgrounds, with the use of dramatic illumination. There was never any hints of sadness or satire in these photos, but rather a respect for the eminence of his subjects. Throughout my research I was wondering why there were so few photographs of women and it was quoted by Nadar “the images are too true to Nature to please the sitters, even the most beautiful”.

This photograph was emulated to reproduce the photograph he did of Cleo de Merode. Trial and error was employed into trying to get the same seated position to accomplish the same type of photograph as Nadar had taken of this famous actress. Funnily enough it looks like a simple enough scenario to reproduce, but for some reason, trying to get the same angle always befuddles me. I tried many different seated angles and none of the photos quite seemed to fit the bill. In the end I took a photo copy of the original photograph and placed it on the floor, then put my camera onto live view, in order that I may be able to emulate the position. With the lighting in the photograph, I do not own any lighting at this point in time, and it looked to me that Nadar had shone a light directly onto the wall behind his sitter. What I had to do was place my model underneath the overhead room lights, which I angled them towards the white wardrobe behind her to get a glowing effect. I wanted to achieve the nice light on the cheek of the original sitter, onto my own model, so I positioned the model facing directly at the window, on a wet late afternoon (the only time that the model was available) and this seemed to

do the trick. I thought that I should try to bounce some more light onto the side of her face so I placed a reflector balanced against

the front of the tripod up into the cheek area. I also put a bed lamp on to the left of the model, to add some additional light. There was a visible vertical line running down in front of the model, and I eliminated this by the use of a graduated filter in Lightroom upgrading the brightness and exposure to a white glow. I then decided to try to add in some greys behind the model, so used the adjustment brush on the darken option, and painted in the grey. I tried to accomplish the same grey patina in the front of the model, but it would not apply, I think mainly because a graduated filter had been used there initially. I removed spots from the sitter’s back and used the graduated filter again on the skin soften option, to smooth the skin a small amount and add a glow to it. If I had been experienced in Photoshop, then possibly a better finish may have been achieved, but that will have to wait until next semester I am afraid to say!

Cléo de Mérode became renowned for her glamour even more than for her dancing skills and her image began appearing on such things as postcards and playing cards. A particular new hairdo she choose to wear became the talk of Parisian women and was quickly adopted as a popular style for all.

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Research and apply Information on the Traditions which inform Photo imaging practice CUVPHI03B  

Research and apply Information on the Traditions which inform Photo imaging practice CUVPHI03B class report

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