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WORLD MARITIME DAY: Emphasising the need for maritime training

A DEGREE OF LEARNING: A new qualification landscape for seafarers

LAWHILL: Celebrating 20 years of maritime teaching

Contents 2

TRAINING NEWS AND UPDATES: Î 2015 World Maritime Day to focus on education and training Î Refining tools for better teaching and learning Î Maritime industry focus week introduces learners to career


Î Specialised online course for oil and gas industry Î Sustaining skills in a niche industry Î Promoting the development of human capital in the maritime Î Î Î Î Î Î Î


industry Providing specialised ROV training in Cape Town Nigeria aims to boost seafarer and maritime training Marine engineering laboratory ready for students in 2018 Scholarship for transport management programme New World Maritime University buildings Recognition for sea courses Keeping the industry abreast of product development

COVER STORY: It’s time to increase seafaring capacity While South Africa has the opportunity to become a source of supply of officers and ratings to the global maritime industry – the country will need to incrementally increase the capacity an output of our skills’ development system and infrastructure to achieve this.


A NEW DEGREE OF LEARNING The Cape Peninsula University of Technology’s Department of Maritime Studies (DMS) applied to the Department of Higher Education and Training (DHET) to offer new degree and certificate programmes including the Bachelor of Marine Engineering (B Mar Eng) at Level 7 on the National Qualifications Framework (NQF).


20 YEARS OF INVESTING IN FUTURE MARITIME GENERATIONS As the specialist programme of Simon’s Town School, the Lawhill Maritime Centre provides maritime education for students during their last three years of secondary schooling and this year celebrates two decades of investment in new maritime skills for the industry.


LONG LIST OF REQUIREMENTS TO IMPROVE AFRICA’S MARITIME SKILLS Skill levels, lack of training, unionisation, language, an ageing workforce and negative perceptions all form part of the long list of detractors facing the workforce on the continent. Delegates at the African Manning and Training Conference held in Cape Town during March attempted to thrash out these and other issues at the two-day event.


Marine Crew Services Nautic Africa SAMTRA Smit Amandla Marine Marine Solutions Wärtsilä Unicorn Training


Maritime training and education updates

or d Maritime Day will focus on education and training The International Maritime Organisation (IMO) unveiled this year’s World Maritime Theme as “Maritime education and training� during an event at the World Maritime University in January this year.


M ecretar enera o i e imi u ig ig ted t e importance o maritime education and training or t e ong term sustaina i it o t e sector ot at sea and on s ore ecti e standards o train ing remain t e edroc o a sa e and secure s ipping industr ic needs to preser e t e ua it practica s i s and competence o ua i ed uman resources

e imi u said adding t at t e or d Maritime a t eme pro ided t e opportunit to ig ig t t e importance to e er od not ust it in t e s ipping industr o t ere eing su cient uantit and ua it maritime education and training a ai a e to meet t e sector s needs no and into t e uture e on ention and ode as amended as

t M e are uni ue among agencies to a e t o a iated educationa institutions t e or d Maritime ni ersit and t e nternationa Maritime a nstitute in Ma ta e are

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ince t en s e as comp eted a Master s degree in maritime education and training rom t e or d Maritime ni ersit and is t e ounding mem er and managing director o Maritime areers and i s


e te t oo is eing created to ring maritime e perience into t e c assroom and Masu a opes t at it i e p earners one maritime e pertise dditiona it is intended to e pose earners to t e arra o maritime careers at t eir disposa Masu u as introduced to t e maritime industr and maritime economics in en s e app ied to it engi e ig c oo or a teac ing position in Mat s and sics ut as to d t at t e on acanc as or a maritime studies teac er t as not eas teac ing t e su ect since did not no an t ing a out t e mari time industr o ma e t ings orse t ere ere no oo s a ai a e to re er to sa s Masu u ut s e did not succum to t e c a enge s e did er researc on t e internet and co ated re e ant artic es so t at s e cou d prepare or eac esson


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Mos e Mot o i ort Manager at ransnet a tiona orts ut orit said t at it engi e ig c oo epitomised out rica s aspiration o ecoming a maritime nation e rincipa o it engi e ig c oo M ungisi usi auded Masu u s courage and e ort in de e oping t e oo adding t at it ou d e p t e sc oo produce earners o ig ua it aro s a a a a maritime coordinator in t e epartment o ducation said t at t e oo i e oo ed at t e department at a nationa e e or it to e considered in t e cata ogue o oo s appro ed t e education department Masu u said Maritime studies needs to e ocused on and unded ecause t e earning and teac ing support materia and t e e uipment t at is re uired is e pensi e urt ermore teac ers and principa s o sc oo s t at o er maritime su ects need to e supported

e e oping uman capita in t e maritime industr

By Sbo Msane

er proud o t ese and o t e man graduates t e a e produced o no o d positions o responsi i it and in uence it in t e maritime communit e said it out a ua it a our orce t at is moti ated trained and s i ed to t e ap propriate internationa stan dards t e maritime industr cannot t ri e ot on t at ut a t e man ad ances t at a e een made in terms o sa et and en iron menta impact are at ris i t ose at t e s arp end are una e to imp ement t em proper i e sea arer training a s to training institutions recognised and aut orised nationa aut orities to meet standards M as an organisation supports s i s ased training e ents and t e s aring o tec nica no edge t roug nationa and regiona ntegrated ec nica ooperation rogramme training e ents and or s ops ic pro ide s ort up grading courses ased t pica on t e M Mode ourses n anot er e e t e or d Maritime ni ersit and t e M nternationa Maritime a nstitute are at t e ore ront o M s capacit ui d ing strateg supporting post graduate training in order to maintain a cadre o ig e e managers po ic ma ers and ot er e personne e or d Maritime a t eme pro ides a ocus or ear round acti ities i e t e da itse is ce e rated at M ead uarters and around t e or d in t e ast ee o eptem er ince a orma para e e ent as a so een e d osted an M Mem er tate n t e ara e e e d in apan

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Maritime industry focus week introduces learners to career opportunities


he South African Maritime Safety Authority (SAMSA), in conjunction with the Sci-Bono Discovery Centre, recently hosted a Maritime Industry Focus Week in Gauteng where learners had the opportunity to interact with professionals from the industry and discover exciting career options. Information on bursaries and learnerships in the maritime industry was also provided. The Maritime Industry Focus Week aims to be a fun and engaging platform for learners, educators and out-ofschool youth with entertaining and interactive DVD’s, maritime branding and content to generate interest in careers in the maritime sector. The Gauteng leg of the Maritime Industry Focus Week was the first of a series of similar events around the country aimed at generating interest among learners about the maritime industry; creating awareness of its inner workings; enhancing recognition of the maritime industry as a significant and employer of choice and showcasing the range of career opportunities in the maritime industry. The focus weeks are in line with the objectives of the recently launched Operation Phakisa to equip South Africans with the necessary skills that will allow them to fully participate in the Oceans Economy. At present out of more than 1.5 million seafarers worldwide, South Africa contributes only a little over 2,000 to this pool. “If young people are made aware of the op-

“If young people are made aware of the opportunities available to them such as offshore oil and gas, maritime manufacturing and repairs, marine tourism and leisure, fishing and aquaculture and shipping logistics and ports, this will go a long way in dealing with rising unemployment.” portunities available to them such as offshore oil and gas, maritime manufacturing and repairs, marine tourism and leisure, fishing and aquaculture and shipping logistics and ports, this will go a long way in dealing with rising unemployment,” said CEO of the South African Maritime Safety Authority Commander Tsietsi Mokhele. A number of companies in the maritime industry and its sub-sectors were invited to showcase their companies, share information with learners about bursary and job opportunities as well as create an impression or image of the typical technical skills employed in the maritime industry. A parallel breakaway programme of presentations and talks by industry experts including three of the recently graduated SAMSA scholars from the World Maritime University will share their real time experience at the focus week.

Specialised online course for oil and gas industry


otal has got behind the launch of a specialised oil and gas Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) developed by IFP School, a French creator of industry-orientated graduate programmes in the fields of energy and transport. Offered in English and subtitled in French, the MOOC was taught over four weeks, during May and June this year. The course was not only the first of its kind, but also innovates by bringing together three key players with interrelated interests. IFP School developed the course, IFP Training coordinated the project and Total, one of the main companies interested by education in this field, provided financial support, content and expertise. The free course targeted anyone with at least one or two years of higher education interested in the oil and gas sector and related professions. The subject matter covered included: Î The roles of the different industry players and the issues and challenges related to oil and gas. Î The operations deployed to explore for and produce crude oil and gas, refine crude oil into end products and market it.

Î The economics of the oil and gas value chain, pricing and cost structuring.

“In keeping with our commitment to excellence, we are offering a MOOC focused on the oil and natural gas value chain,” explains Philippe Pinchon, Dean of IFP School. “As with our previous MOOC, it integrates educational innovations.” “Professions in the oil and gas industry are constantly changing,” adds Jean-Luc Karnik, CEO of IFP Training. “Continuing education is vital to be able to tackle the many economic, geological, environmental and technical challenges facing the industry.” “It makes perfect sense for Total to support this MOOC,” points out Gilles Cochevelou, Vice President, Learning, Education, University at Total. “We proactively encourage training in the oil and gas sector throughout the world, usually via partnerships between educational institutions and industry players. What we like about the MOOC format is its innovativeness and the fact that it is accessible to a wide audience. We hope that this new MOOC will spur interest in working in the industry and enable us to attract the new talent that we will need tomorrow.”

SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT: Developing human capital in the maritime industry



Maritime training and education updates

ustaining s i s in a nic e industr With a reputation for being a company that invests in training, Smit Amandla Marine (SAM) is committed to sustaining a robust talent pipeline for the niche maritime industry and to remaining a leading employer of South African seafarers.

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“The challenge for many of those completing their maritime studies is in securing a cadet berth so that they can meet the requirement for seatime before attaining their qualifications and entering the job market. We do what we can to accommodate SAMTRA Strip Ad - 2015 top talent, whilst actively supporting the SAMSA cadet training initiative too,” says crewing manager, Jon Klopper.

“Your Quality Maritime Training Solutions Provider”

t e compan s commitment to create emp o ment or ac out rican out ic ma es up percent o its or orce percent o ic are emp o ed in pro essiona or management positions raining and e e opment pecia ist e a Mgud a e p ains i st t ere is a signi cant commitment rom t e compan to und statu tor training c aracteristic o t e maritime industr t is ma es up percent o spend e e opmenta train ing at a management e e s is t ere ore seen as a primar ocus o our commitment to s i s de e opment e compan current manages t e cadet training s ip SA Agulhas on e a o t e out rican Maritime a et ut orit M ic means t at its masters o cers and cre p a a ita ro e in supporting t e de e opment o cadets on oard M as a so run its o n M ccredited adet raining c eme or t e past ears and aims to ma i mise cadet ert s a ai a e to accommodate t ese ta ented out ricans o need to a ain t eir seatime e compan current emp o s nine cadets t ree o om ere pre ious M ursar recipients and pro ides a urt er se en ert spaces on its o ned and managed esse s or M cadets in support o t e M nation a cadet training initiati e

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Maritime Short Courses; Simulator Based Courses – Radio Operations, Engine Room, Refrigeration and Bridge incl. ASD & Voith Tug Modules Professional Non-Simulator Based Courses – Deck, Engine and Onshore Training Solutions; rd Manage & Administer 3 party Cadet & Rating Training Programmes Custom Solutions; Port Development Studies MET Consultancy Team Development

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Maritime training and education updates

Promoting the development of human capital in the maritime industry


AMTRA has been quietly, albeit purposefully, contributing and advocating the development of human capital in the maritime industry for over a decade with particular focus on skills development, training and training programmes. The company participates as Cadet and Rating Programme Training Managers and Administrators on behalf of third parties and for the SAMSA National Cadet Training Project, including the Dedicated Training Vessels – SA Agulhas I.

Continuously developing and expanding In an effort to further expand and develop maritime training offered in South Africa and Africa, and to other key sectors, SAMTRA’s scope and vision is shifting toward a more holistic approach as an overall training solutions provider. SAMTRA’s core business now includes product and service offerings to merchant shipping, yachting, fishing and oil and gas industry sectors. These products and services are; Î Training solutions such as Management and Administration of Cadet & Rating Training Programmes on behalf of third parties, Î Custom solutions to provide port development studies as well as consultancy services, Î Providing professional non-simulator and simulator based maritime short courses. Î Further, joint venture oil and gas courses are offered at SAMTRA in full coordination and cooperation with training facility Stavanger Offshore Technical College who has entered into this agreement to further extend these courses currently offered to their North Sea clients.

Most recent developments at SAMTRA are: Î Course additions such as the short and long range radio communications courses, for the fishing and yachting sectors. Î A revised ECDIS course to meet requirements to train mostly on PC systems as opposed to the full bridge simulators in order to contain costs Î MARPOL, and development of the ENS Management level course which is awaiting SAMSA accreditation.

Training you can trust With a reputation built on trust through quality, consistency and mutual respect between SAMTRA clients and industry sectors, SAMTRA prides itself on being the preferred simulator training provider in Africa and recently concluding its 11th annual BV Quality Management System audit with a continued clean record.

Actively contributing and participating The SAMTRA CEO and training managers serve on various maritime committees respectively, with the latest participation by SAMTRA Training & Development Manager as a presenter at the African Training and Manning Conference in Cape Town during March this year.


Nigeria aims to boost seafarer and maritime training The Nigerian Federal government approved the license for the Nigerian Maritime University (NMU) during May. The university will reportedly generate more than six billion dollars in revenue from the training and supply of seafarers to the international maritime industry once it becomes functional.


ualified manpower will be trained at the university to guarantee sustainable manpower for the maritime industry in line with international standards. The government hopes to attract the Nigerian youth into the maritime industry and the university will provide the necessary sea time experience to graduates.

scholarship scheme in the last four years. “The agency remains committed and focused in building human capacity for the Nigerian maritime sector through strengthening of the Nigerian Seafarers Development Programme (NSDP),” says Akpobolokemi.


The programme is designed to Nigerian Seafarers Highlighting Development Programme has train young Nigeover 2,500 beneficiaries in the success of academic institutions. rians in various the Philippines maritime profesin “selling seafarers” to the sions at degree level. NSDP international market and has over 2,500 beneficiaries earning remittances, Patrick in academic institutions in Ziakede Akpobolokemi, said Egypt, India, Philippines, that the country could do even better. “Philippines Romania and the United earns annually more than Kingdom; a number of whom six billion dollars in terms have already graduated. of selling Seafarers, remitThe agency has also estabtances that come from selling lished Institutes of Maritime Seafarers across the world Studies in six Nigerian univerand we have population that sities, including university of is useful in characteristic. We Lagos and at the University of can do far better than the Nigeria, Nsukka. Others are Philippines,” he said. sited at Ibrahim Badamasi Under the license issued by Babangida University, Lapai, the Federal Government, the Niger State, Niger Delta university is now set to comUniversity, Amasoma, Bayelsa mence academic activities at State, Anambra. its fully developed temporary site in Kurutie as well as in the Warri-South West Local Government Area. About 32,600 students have benefitted from the Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Authority’s (NIMASA)

The NMU is expected to run courses in Marine Engineering, Naval Architecture, Nautical Science, Transport technology and other maritime related professional areas at degree and sub-degree level.

“The agency remains committed and focused in building human capacity for the Nigerian maritime sector through strengthening of the Nigerian Seafarers Development Programme (NSDP),”

SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT: Developing human capital in the maritime industry

Providing specialised ROV training in Cape Town


he need for specialised training on a variety of remotely operated vehicles (ROV’s) has become apparent for technicians offering their skills as pilots to the marine and related offshore sectors. Cape Town-based Marine Solutions has invested heavily in equipment and workshops to present internationally benchmarked training to trainees wanting to become skilled ROV pilots. Marine Solutions is the leading ROV Company in South Africa. Marine Solutions currently owns or has interests in eleven ROV’s ranging from a VideoRay Pro 3XE GTO through to a Cougar XT complete with TMS and a Launch and recovery system. “This makes us able to provide training on systems that are relevant to the industry,” says Bey-Leveld who explains that some courses offered locally are being offered on equipment that does not meet the needs of offshore industry. Marine Solutions has been training ROV pilots for more than 12 years. “Besides the local students, we have also trained students from the UK, Brazil, Georgia and Nigeria, as well as run a full course for a client in the UAE. Most of these pilots are working globally, with favourable feedback from their clients,” says Barry Bey-Leveld. The standard three-week ROV Pilot/Technician course is based on the IMCA syllabus and, on completion, the successfully qualified pilot will have the knowledge and skills required to enter the industry. The training, with due emphasis on safety, operational conditions, piloting and technical ability, is structured to provide the trainee with knowledge of the ROV industry. Marine Solutions is the only local company that can offer up to 5 observation class

ROV’s, dedicated to the ROV School. These are 1 x Hyball, 2 x Videorays (PRO3 & 4) and 2 x Saab Seaeye Falcons (the most widely utilised offshore observation class ROV). We can have up to 4 pilots operating at any given time, therefore eliminating unnecessary waiting time. As a recognised IMCA training facility, Marine Solutions awards ROV Pilot/Tech II certificates to students who have successful passed their exams, practical and flying modules. The first two weeks of the theory and practical modules are undertaken at the company’s premises in Paarden Eiland, while the practical flying module is completed at three different locations around Cape Town. During the practical phase, students are taught splicing of umbilicals, potting of cables, fault-finding, camera set up and video paths, thruster/component replacements, sonar as well as other important skills.

ROV Training Providing knowledge of the ROV industry Marine Solutions offers a three-week ROV Pilot / Technician course that is based on the IMCA syllabus Facilities & Equipment

Bey-Leveld recommends that incumbents have a technical background with some prior knowledge of the offshore and ROV industry, but adds that this is not a prerequisite for entry into the course. Course outline This course will cover all aspects of an offshore ROV operation including: Î Seamanship and offshore safety Î Types of ROV’s and their applications Î Offshore platforms and structures Î Electrical, Mechanical & Hydraulic systems Î Servicing, maintenance and fault finding Î Mobilisation and demobilisation, Pre and post dive checks Î Piloting principles & Tether management Î Buoyancy and drag Î Navigation, observation and communications Î Underwater cameras, video systems Î Sonar principles and operation

Course outline:

This course will cover all aspects of an offshore ROV operation including:

Tel: +27 511 0843/4 Fax: +27 511 0845

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Maritime training and education updates

Marine engineering laboratory ready for students in 2017 With the first intake of students set to begin in 2017, the process of funding and building a state of the art marine engineering laboratory as part of the new South African International Maritime Institute (SAIMI) is well underway.


oused within the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University (NMMU) in Port Elizabeth, the faculty for Marine Engineering is a true partnership between the university, the South African Maritime Safety Authority, Transnet and Wärtsilä. According to Greg Davids of Wärtsilä Ship Power Africa, they have already engaged in leading fact-finding missions to Europe to investigate the requirements, potential designs as well as further possible partnerships for the new state-of-the-art laboratory that will house the Wärtsilä engine that was donated previously. “Our plan is to design the facility around the needs of NMMU. We favour modern simulation with a physical engine, driveshaft and propulsion system that is supported by 3D material,” says Davids adding that internationally the use of 3D technology in the education sector is

just beginning to take hold. “We do not intend to inherit second hand equipment – we will be at the forefront of education technology,” he added. Visits to technical marine engineering universities will see more partnerships being developed to allow local students to study further and identify opportunities for specialisation. “We have had very positive discussions with technical institutions in Europe including the Wärtsilä Land and Sea Academy and aim to form long-term relationships between them and the NMMU to the extent that they will consider doing research through the local university,” reports Davids who adds that another excursion to the Netherlands is scheduled to probe opportunities for additional partnerships. Tasked with spearheading the maritime initiative within the mechanical engineering faculty of the NMMU, How-

Scholarships for transport management programme


he Southern Africa Shippers Transport and Logistics Council is offering tuition scholarships for the Transport: Planning, Development and Management programme to be held from 26 August to 9 September in Israel. Deadline for early bird registration is 26 June for the two week, in-depth programme will provide the fuel for Transport Managers and Engineers to advance the transport infrastructure in their respective home countries with a blend of efficient and practical tools. The programme integrates dynamic lectures by primary Israeli professionals with practical study tours to enable implementation of efficient, safe and sustainable transport networks


ard Theunissen is currently developing the Bachelor of Engineering Technology Degree and Maritime Engineering. “We identified Marine Engineering as our first major qualification to develop,” he told guests at a Wärtsilä technical day in May adding that a focus on mechatronics would form part of this qualification. Theunissen confirmed that the internal approval process had been completed and that the next step would be to take their programme, which has been endorsed by the Engineering Council of South Africa, to the Department of Higher Education. “This will be the only qualification of its kind in South Africa,” he said. “We are pitching it at the level of international universities and will be linking with the various universities that we have already met with,” he added, highlighting that top students would be identified and sent to do their masters in areas such as naval architecture. “These students will return to the university and help develop the students locally and ensure that the NMMU becomes internationally recognised.” According to Theunissen R30 million has already been ear-

marked by merSETA for this human resource component that will feed quality students back into the university after studying abroad. Davids highlighted that further funding for the continued investment into the engineering laboratory would likely be sourced from international agencies such as Finpro. “We have received positive feedback for financial assistance for education,” he confirmed. Davids also addressed the need to commit resources to the SAMSA training vessel, the SA Agulhas. He said that talks between SAMSA and Wärtsilä may result in the refurbishment of the current training platform. “The engines are tired and she needs to be re-engined. We need to turn this vessel into a state-of-the-art vessel,” he said. The decision between refurbishment or replacement is still under discussion and, according to Davids, Wärtsilä is currently undertaking a feasibility study in this regard. “We are heading in the right direction. It is important to build a state-of-the-art training facility so that future engineers will have access to the kind of hands-on training that is not available at the moment. We need to close the gaps in the education of our marine engineers,” said Davids.

New World Maritime University buildings Expanded, state-of-the-art, premises for the World Maritime University (WMU) were inaugurated during May in Malmö, Sweden, by IMO SecretaryGeneral and WMU Chancellor Koji Sekimizu. WMU is an international educational institute for the maritime community, operating under the auspices of IMO. At close to 6,000m2, the new facility is nearly double the size of the previous Malmö campus. It provides a new auditorium, multiple research laboratories, seminar rooms, and video-conferencing capabilities for hosting international conferences. An integrated information system embracing unified communications, broadcast media and information management systems for teaching, video-conferencing, research, and management is a central feature of the new site. Speaking at the launch of the new facility, Mr Sekimizu said, “Today, after more than three decades of increased growth and activity, WMU has outgrown its first home in which it had welcomed its very first students, back in 1983. The new premises mark a historical milestone in the relations between Malmö and the University and will provide the forum for the University to continue growing and meeting the educational needs of the maritime sector.”

SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT: Developing human capital in the maritime industry

Recognition for sea courses


nternational body IMarEST has awarded official accreditation to a popular set of Maths and English courses used by seafarers all over the world. The courses, produced by training company Coracle and charity The Marine Society, speak directly to professional sailors using examples and problems they encounter every day at sea. IMarEST accreditation is a recognition of quality and a signal to its thousands of members worldwide that a course is aligned with its professional standards. The Institute of Marine Engineering Science & Technology (IMarEST) recognises courses which assist members in maintaining their Continuing Professional Development (CPD). Recognition of courses means that IMarEST has assessed the course against a set criteria: this ensures a high standard of course content, provision and assessment.

Apps, ensure access to courses, even when offline. Supporting the Continuous Professional Development (CPD) of seafarers is extremely important to The Marine Society and Coracle’s approach, software and expertise helps us deliver on our ambition.” Maths@Sea is designed for nautical students and working crews. As well as functional Maths, it also covers elementary aspects of algebra, geome-

try, and trigonometry: essential skill sets at nautical college, but often no longer covered as part of the school curriculum. Maths@Sea+ is designed for nautical students and crews undertaking OOW or higher STCW certification. The course contains five core modules of Algebra, Trigonometry, Charts and Bearings, Introduction to Functions and Introduction to Calculus. Writing@Sea helps maritime

students get to grips with the fundamentals of written English including report writing, formal letters and grammar essentials. It’s tailor made for the maritime sector with examples, assignments, and tests using familiar seafaring language and imagery. Writing@Sea helps learners to organise ideas and express them with confidence, draft written reports, letters and emails, identify common mistakes made with apostrophes, spelling and punctuation.


The Marine Society is delighted that the @Sea courses have now been awarded official accreditation from IMarEST. Commenting on the recognition, Mark Windsor (Director of Lifelong Learning Marine Society and Sea Cadets) said, “The Marine Society has been committed to supporting and training seafarers since 1756. The endorsement and recognition by IMarEST of the work we have done with Coracle to deliver the @Sea courses is recognition that the courses set a very high standard. The Learning Line platform from Coracle, together with the Android and iOS

Finding what you really need is only possible when you have the best marine offering on earth to choose from. Wärtsilä is the market leader in improving efficiency, proven gas solutions and ensuring environmental compliance while protecting profitability. Our global service network offers support when and where you need it. Read more at WARTSILA SHIP POWER 5 Duke Road, Rondebosch, 7700, Cape Town, SA /


Maritime training and education updates ene cia positions


t is time to increase sea aring capacit

it a ocus on not ust out rica ut ot er maritime nations on t e continent M introduced t e igerian adet raining rogramme in partners ip it in and current as cadets or ing on esse s operating in igeria under t is programme

e a e a so instituted a ontinuous ro essiona ee opment rogramme t at is aimed at ne graduated dec and engineering o cers o t e atc e programme ena es t ese o cers to ser e in t e unior While South Africa has the opportunity to become o cer ran or ami iarisation a source of supply of officers and ratings to the and urt er on oard training global maritime industry – the country will need purposes t a so e ps t em acto incrementally increase the capacity and cumu ate t e rainees output of our skills development system current under necessar and infrastructure to achieve this. management sea time to ards is is t e ie o age rept eir eanna o ins at resents an ne t 94 cadets Marine re er ices opportunit erti 17 Trainee Ratings M a pri ate or out cate o 20 CPD Officers at sea o ned specia ist uman rica to e96 CPD Officers at College ompecapita ser ice pro ider in come anot er tenc 227 trainees t e maritime industr it a source o supp e e ie e e ocus on o creation or to t e internationa t at t is rican sea arers as e as industr represents t e a training or merc ant na rained out ricans are or ard in terms o gro ing sea going o cers and ratings ng is spea ing and o er t e out rican cer poo ccording to statistics prec ose pro imit to t e rican and ui ding capacit sa s sented M at a recent oi and gas industries gi ing o ins con erence t ere are curt em an ad antage in t e rent ua i ed o cers industr Intervention registered it t e out ese are some o t e ad anrican Maritime a et uo ins is e ua outspo en tages t at M ants oca t orit M o ins sa s a out ot er issues t at imsea arers to e a e to ta e t ere as a reported s or a pact on t e continent s a i it ad antage o and t e como o er sea arers or to produce a re e ant poo o pan as initiated a num er t e out rican industr o cers or t e industr e o inter entions to e p train ad ocates or t e inter enas recent as is and p ace rican sea arers in tion at a dip omatic or rican coup ed to t e g o a s ort-


M ad o er 5,000 applicants come t roug M


t is num er e a e assisted more t an 3,000

(Officers, Cadets and Ratings) it

eit er emp o ment or training opportunities reated more t an

2,500 jobs or


out ricans as e as sea arers rom ot er rican countries inc uding ngo a igeria ami ia and ana c ie ed a 94% pass rate or cers o t e atc and atings raduates

Trained over 1,000 out

rican ngo an igerian ami ian and anian adets and atings mp emented apprentice training or our ngo an ients and ua i ed 36 artisans t roug t is programme o are no emp o ed in t e o s ore industr

e e oping uman capita in t e maritime industr

rained and graduated more t an 250

Angolan cadets

and ratings o are no emp o ed in ngo a in t e o s ore industr M as t e argest num er o ac female cadets ser ing in t e o s ore industr on oard deep sea anc or and ing supp tugs

“We must focus on what happens in territorial waters. Many countries, including some of our African neighbours have successfully implemented cabotage regimes in terms of their oil and gas exploration and mining. Why not South Africa?� nion e e to create a seaarer s isa or rican sea arers or ing in rica a too t at i ma e it signi cant easier to dep o sea arers to an port to ta e up a ert rom a out rican perspecti e s e sa s t at a ca otage regime cou d create some measure o success or impro ed emp o ment o t e oca sea aring communit e must ocus on at appens in territoria aters Man countries inc uding some o our rican neig ours a e success u imp emented ca otage regimes in terms o t eir oi and gas e p oration and mining not out rica ig ig ting t e a or ard or t e continent and t e countr o ins points to t e rican ntegrated Maritime trateg M ic pro ides an rican dri en o erarc ing mu ti a ered a inc usi e mu ti discip inar co erent ong term ision t at aims to address rica s maritime c a enges and opportunities e adds t at t is as e as out rica s o n commitment to training ia t e creation o t e dedicated training esse as e as t e recent out rican nternationa Maritime nstitute M s ou d pro e ene cia in increasing sea aring capacit or t e continent rom t e continent

Keeping the industry abreast of product developments


ducating and informing need not be a tedious and boring affair as Marine Radio Acoustic Devices (MRAD) proved recently when they hosted an afternoon aimed at improving the product knowledge of some of the Marport products that they represent. In the country for the seminar, Lloic Olivier, General Manager of Sales, Marport, provided valuable insight alongside the MRAD team about the Marport net monitoring system technology and other software. Marport is a designer and manufacturer of catch control and net monitoring sensors, echo sounders, current profilers and sonars for the international fishing fleet. Emphasis at the seminar, however, was on the new M3 System, Scala software as well as the new TE/Trawlspeed headrope unit. Well attended by members of the local fishing industry, visitors were able to engage directly with the capabilities of the products with the added opportunity to ask direct questions relating to their own needs. Scala is Marport’s latest advanced trawl monitoring system that allows direct presentation configuration with drag and drop options for ease of customisation for the user. For more information visit

23rd International Maritime Lecturers’ Association (IMLA) Conference 29 June to 3 July 2015 Hosted by the Durban University of Technology

It is a privilege and honour for the Durban University of Technology to host the 23rd IMLA Conference in 2015. IMLA is a no-border forum: a round table for discussions on sea-related issues. Teachers and other interested parties from all over the world dedicated to mediating in the process of Maritime Education and Training are invited to become members and to freely present their achievements, share experiences and exchange ideas. IMLA came into being in 1977 and held its first major conference in June 1980, when the Association’s constitution was adopted. Here its aim is clearly stated: “to promote contact and cooperation between Maritime Lecturers of all disciplines and to develop a body of professional expertise”. This it attempts to fulfill at its regular international conferences.

Challenges facing emerging MET Institutions – the need for collaboration Maritime Education and Training „ Building a student-centered learning environment „ Promoting continuous professional development, lifelong learning and / or self-managed learning through distance or blended learning „ Applying modern technologies to learning, teaching and assessment strategies „ Bridging the gap between theory (cognitive domain) and practice (affective domain) „ Training in ECDIS and other new technologies „ Monitoring quality promotion and assurance in maritime education and training „ Training in specialist areas e.g. polar navigation, salvage operations

Human Element „ Making sea-going careers attractive to Generation Y „ Attracting and retaining MET Staff „ Creating employability of students through the acquisition of graduate attributes „ Preparing students for a diverse working environment „ Management and leadership in the maritime environment

General „ „ „ „ „

Regional experiences in MET Regional harmonisation of curriculum Role of associations in supporting and promoting MET Post graduate studies Other contemporary MET issues


Elangeni and Maharani Sun, North Beach Durban


A new degree of learning

A ne academic uali cation landscape for seafarers Following the merge of the Cape Technikon and the Peninsula Technikon in 2005 to form the Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT) – and the emergence of Universities of Technology (UoT’s) in South Africa, a need to review the higher education landscape was identified. Consequently, a revised Higher Education Qualifications Sub-Framework (HEQSF) was published by the Minister of Higher Education and Training in January 2013 presenting new opportunities for UoT’s in terms of their Programme Qualification Mix (PQM). by Assoc Prof (Capt Dr) ED SNYDERS, Head: Maritime Studies & Survival Centre


eading up to the new HEQSF, CPUT s Department o Maritime Studies (DMS) applied to the Department o igher Education and Training D ET to o er ne degree and certi cate programmes Approval was granted for DMS (CPUT) to o er the ollo ing uali cations: Bachelor of Marine Engineering (B Mar Eng at Level on the National uali cations rame or N achelor o Nautical Science Naut Sc at Level on the N Advanced Certi cate AC in Marine Engineering at Level on the N Advanced Certi cate AC in Mari-


time Studies at Level on the N igher Certi cate C in Marine Engineering at Level on N igher Certi cate C in Maritime Studies at Level N The achelor o Nautical Science degree is intended to replace the cognate National Diploma ND : Maritime Studies Similarly, the Bachelor of Marine Engineering degree is to replace the cognate ND: Engineering: Mechanical: Marine Provision is made, in the higher education landscape or UoT s to colla orate ith Technical and ocational Education and Training T ET institutions CPUT s igher and Advanced certi cates ill in

SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT: Developing human capital in the maritime industry

all pro a ility e ranchised to a T ET college ith the re uisite in rastructure and commitment or such colla oration

Why the degree route? There are currently no maritime education and training (MET) degree programmes catering for the needs of the Southern A rican sea aring community South A ricans are currently orced to o tain their post-graduate MET degrees, at great cost, at institutions a road uali cations in ne elds such as MET generally start as specialist diplomas hen the diploma is more esta lished they are converted into higher-level degrees or e ample uali cations ve ed y pro essional odies such as the Engineering Council o South A rica ECSA Degrees develop high levels of theoretical and technical no ledge hereas diplomas prepare the student or speci c orms o or ithin pro essional practice Unli e diplomas degrees are generally not in uenced y la our and mar et dictates Armed ith a degree students may e more readily a sor ed into employment opportunities at sea and ashore should the need arise nce implemented it is envisaged that shipo ners ill ene t rom mature ell educated highly s illed

English spea ing lingua ranca o the sea graduates It is the intention o the undergraduate degrees to articulate into post graduate studies unloc ing a myriad o research opportunities

Challenges in the diploma system? The sandwich modality of the diploma system, dictates that shipowners have to release their employees intermi ently at great cost and disruption to their operations to continue their studies ashore This practice renders South A ricans less desira le and less competitive to glo al operators The phased-learning approach creates gaps in learning This implies that South A ricans cannot e used optimally a oard vessels trading internationally The nature of seafaring, that is sea service et een e it level certi cates o competency CoC and leave ene ts dictate that students ta e longer years than the minimum advocated time three years to o tain the diploma This s e s the throughput uali cation rate o DMS

NQF Level

NQF Band

percent rendering it non via le in a university conte t as state su sidies are dependent on throughput rate Until they have uali ed ith a diploma years students cannot access unding rom nancial institutions or onds loans and HP agreements) as they are deemed to all in the high ris category There is currently no articulation opportunities rom the current diploma into post graduate studies Post graduate degrees are only o ered a road at or e ample IM s orld Maritime University in Malmo S eden

Articulation possibilities Students on the current pipeline ualications ND s ill not e permi ed to articulate to the undergraduate achelor programmes However, diplomates with a Master Unlimited or a Chie Engineer certi cate

It is the intention o DMS to ranchise the igher and Advanced Certi cates to T ET institutions This ill allo aspirant sea arers, who do not meet the entry criteria to the Bachelor degree, an opportunity to still enter the glo al usiness o shipping DMS is in the process of developing the curricula for the B Naut Sc and B Mar Eng degrees hich ill e su mi ed to the Council on igher Education C E and the South A rican uali cations Authority SA A or nal approval All the relevant industry sta eholders ill e granted an opportunity to comment Should all go according to plan, implementation is anticipated y anuary

Degrees develop high levels of theoretical and technical knowledge whereas diplomas prepare the student for specific forms of work within professional practice. Unlike diplomas, degrees are generally not influenced by labour and market dictates. HEQSF Type of Qualification

10 9

o competence CoC s may e accepted for the cognate Bachelor Honours degree once the criteria o a ridging course to prepare candidates for the rigours of postgraduate studies have een satis ed

Doctoral Degree


Masters Degree



Professional Bachelor’s Degree

Bachelor Honours Degree

Post Graduate Diploma

Post Graduate Diploma


Minimum NSC Rating

Bachelor’s Degree

Advanced Diploma

Advanced Certi cate

Minimum NSC Rating





Minimum NSC Rating

5 4



National Senior Cert NSC National Certi cate ocational N C eneral Education and Training Certi cate Senior Phase: rades Intermediate Phase: rades oundation Phase: rades


igher Certi cate Minimum NSC Rating




SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT: Developing human capital in the maritime industry



Updates from offshore

ears of es mar me e era o As the Island View Shipping bulker on which Third Mate Tyron Campbell (since promoted to second mate) was serving sailed towards New Orleans, he sighted a Unicorn tanker outward from the US port. As the two ships were from the Grindrod fleet, he called the tanker, and naturally, also being on the 8 to 12 watch, the tanker’s third mate responded.


o his delighted surprise, Tyron discovered that his opposite m er the ta er as a e e Maswanganyi, a former classmate at the a h ar me e tre mo s Town. ro a d a e e are t o of ma o o th fr a s some from spra to sh ps or sha t to s ho are o in worthwhile careers at sea or ashore tha s to the mar me ed a o the re e ed at the a h ar me e tre s the spe a st pro ramme of mo s o hoo the a h ar me e tre pro des mar me ed a o for st de ts during their last three years of secondary schooling. The modern school building, built from funds generously donated by the TK o da o a a ate of the ee a orpora o a o er a d other do ors houses classrooms for the teaching of the t o spe a sed s e ts a a e e h h prepares st de ts for a sea o areer a d ar me o om s h h es a head start to prospe e e tra ts to the shores de of sh pp

he e tre h h ta es ts ame from the fo r masted o th fr a ar e h h a m er of the o tr s mar me eaders sa ed the s a so has a ommoda o re rea o a dd 1995 fa es for 54 er d s ss o s et ee the

school principal, Peter Manser, re e t re red h ef of the a e dm ra e der om e a d a afmar e team ed orporate ffa rs re tor eter ames forma mar me asses are he d at mo s o hoo he de omm ssioned cableship, Cable Restorer, at anchor mo s a s des ated to e sed as a oa res de e for mar me st de ts afmar e e omes the founding sponsor of the programme.



e e op

a f t re

oarders o t da st de ts a so par pate the a h mar me st d es programme. rre t spo sors of the pro ramme h h th s ear e e rates ts t e eth ear of opera o de afmar e ra s et a o a orts thor t o th fr a ar me afet thort r drod m t ma d a ar e a d the e era otha d o s sso a o amongst others.

Award winning programme he a h ar me e tre s tota non-racial and has won several awards in re o o of ts o tr o to mar me ed a o hese a ards de the o ds st ate to o th a d ra a ard o do a d more re e t the ter a o a eatrade estme t eop e ard o do a da a m ard from the mp me e o o a o a o e tre ape o e ma st de ts ome from a a ly-distressed backgrounds, the programme at a h e tre offers a opport t for them to gain the dignity of employment a d re o o th the r omm es where many become role models. e o th fr a s po a h stor s h asp ra o s ere e o d the dreams of many of their parents at a similar age but, with the ongoing support of the marime d str the ha of s esses s e to o e as se era e e tra ts begin the course at the start of each new academic year.

Two decades of success From his rural home the aster ape o e a a ame to Lawhill at the


The Provincial and a o a d a o epartme ts appro e the subjects as part of the Nao a e or er ate curriculum.

omm ee dra from the sh pp d str ter ar mar me tra s t o sa d other interested persons, completes the omp a o of s a for ea h of the t o mar me re ated s e ts to e offered at the s hoo ar me o om s a d a a e e the o as ar me t des a d ar me t d es respe e

h ma

ap ta


the mar me d str

1996 Cable Restorer is used as an accommoda o sh p for boarders.

start of h s rade ear e soo proved to be an exemplary student, and, during a coastal training voyage in a containership in his senior year, he resolved that o e da he o d a f as a master mariner. e e ears ater a er ser products tankers, he achieved his goal and beame the rst a h past st de t to a h s master s er ate of ompete other past st de t ho as ta ers for m h of h s areer s a ha a ass of ho a er a spe ashore ret r ed to sea to o ta h s master s er ate a d rre t s at sea th a apore ased offshore ser e esse operator. a o f e o dt err ass of did not enjoy life at sea in tankers, but a er o ta h s se o d mate s et and a spell at university, he went back to sea th s me a oard a e o superyacht in which he visited Norwea ords a apa os s a ds a d other a ar h pe a os ar er s e t sea me for h s master s er ate h h he a ed a ar Preferring a shore-based career, Lauren a h s ass of has ee a part of the afmar e a d o er aers ro p team o th fr a s e she o ed afmar e as a tra ee mmed ate a er ea a h m ar o tso pho ofo o ass of has a ed o s dera e e per e e in container shipping ashore and is curre t the a o a mar e ma a er for apore ased h pp ear o d sa a a a o ed the Lawhill programme from his home in a to sh p deep the ter or of o th fr a a d ater e t to sea as a adet e has s e o ta ed h s e o d ate s a d ate s ets e o ta h s aster s er ate of ompete th s ear the fourth 1998 former

1997 he rst forma mar me asses begin in Grades 10 and 11.

a storm Cable Restorer brea her stern moorings, and carries a power cables, water and sewerage a d smashes the temporar e th been built out to her. The boarders are ashore a d ho sed the s hoo d the e a h o se s omp eted a ear t as t o t of re red sh pp ers do ated afmar e a d the a of the fo r masted ar e that trade the o th fr a a from to s s ested apta e ham of afmar e ho as a so a pa me e t rer

La hill student to achieve that distinction “[Lawhill] makes it possible for individuals like me and many others who were una are o the opportunities availa le to pursue successful careers,” he wrote rom the Sa marine containership here he is serving as Second Mate e has also introduced three other young people from the same township where he grew up to Lawhill.

Marine engineers make their name Marine engineering is the preferred career of a number of Lawhill past students. elly laasen head girl in the class o ent this route and, four years 1998 later, won the La hill ouse is opened National Sea arer y Pro essor ader Asmal o the ear A ard who later would become the or eing the rst minister o education The

ceremony is a ended y our men who served in the original Lawhill.

aks away e pipes, hat had e brought ding until ater that ng containame that ed under o m ers art

1998 The rst National Senior Certi cate e aminations in the t o maritime su ects are ri en

1999 Lawhill wins the Lloyd s List Salute to Youth and Training A ard in London.

2001 Tee ay Chairman Sean Day visits Lawhill for the rst time

Top row: Ezra Simon, Lauren Matthys, Lucky Tetyana. Above left: Second Officer Martin van Ast wit fellow Namibian students Ronaldo Strauss, Levonia Arendse and Emil Reed Above right: Musa Mbakaza will obtain his Master’s certificate of competence this year. Right: Rolf Seibolt-Berry (Class of 2003).

South A rican oman to uali y as a marine engineer She has already completed her studies to ards her second engineer s uali cation Another marine engineer to emerge rom La hill is londie o ela Class o ho has also uali ed as a marine engineer and is currently 2009 serving on cruise ships of 2003 e ruary : Demolition of the northern half of the the oyal

Nine Lawhill students undertake a voyage to Antarctica in SA Agulhas, courtesy o Smit Amandla Marine

e isting La hill ouse egins and construction or on the northern half of the new La hill Maritime Centre follows.

2006 The Cro n Prince and Princess of Belgium visit Lawhill ouse

2002 An electrical short circuit causes a serious re destroying four cabins and leaving the Matric students with only the clothes they are wearing, and also destroying their books and notes.

2007 Tee ay Chairman Sean Day and T oundation oard mem er Susie Karlshoej visit Lawhill and engage an architect to provide plans for a new building.

2009 uly : irls move into their completed uarters oys move into temporary accommodation in the new dining saloon, galley and girls mess hile the southern hal o the e isting La hill ouse is demolished and construction o the ne La hill Maritime Centre egins

2008 T oundation agrees to fund the majority of the construction costs or the ne La hill Maritime Centre The contract or its construction is signed y Cdr Clive Scholt chairman, school board of governors.

SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT: Developing human capital in the maritime industry



Updates from offshore


The number of Lawhill matriculants recorded to have either e tered the mar me d str or e ro ed for st d es at a ter ar s t o mmed ate a er leaving Lawhill.



(25%) female

(75%) male

The average number of matriculants per year who have, over the past decade, entered the marime d str or em ar ed o ter ar st d es mmed ate a er leaving Lawhill


ere from the the aster


from a te

ape a d es

were boarders


2010 ar h a h ar me e tre s opened by the Premier of the ester ape rem er e e Zille.

2010 o ea a e omes the rst Lawhill past student to a h s aster s er ate of ompetency.

2012 Lawhill wins the eatrade ard for estme t People, London.

2010 e aase s the a o a eafarer of the ear ard as the rst fema e to a f as a mar e engineer.



r a re os o head o a d soso a o ass of ere the the a a o ass at the ape e s a U ers t of e h o o a d respe e re s a a a adet containerships, and Tsoso, who was also a e era otha d o s rsar ho der h e at a h s st d the a d a a o o rses at the ers t th s year.

Those video clips depicted his vessel rollhea d r a tr orth t a ross o trast other ps sho ed calm, tropical seas and sunsets, forming part of a sp ra o a prese ta o for his young audience.

Grade 10 student Lukhona Tetyana and et a a ass of oth fo lowed in the Lawhill footsteps of their o s a a o e a a ass of currently working as the assistant shipping ma a er for m a ro re a da ha Bay.

e des r ed h s sea o e per e es with frankness, telling of the good and the ad the e a d those oh so or da s s de ht h s hose areer a d h s determ a o to mo e p the adder to omma d ere o o s spar enthusiasm among the students to follow

“Being at Lawhill is about securing a good place in the future,” says Lukhona, echoing the words of her older brother, Lucky who, when asked about the impact of a h o h s ed a o a d h s areer a s ers s mp a h made me hat am today.”

2013 Talente Ngema wins the a o a ar me t de t of the ear ard fo o h s se e d s o s the a o a e or er ate e am ao s

2013 Lawhill wins the mp me e o ard a m the h hest e e of a ard ape o

e e op

his example.

terspersed th foota e ta e a oard fore o ed ta ers h rd ate se er s ta to th s ear s se or ass at a h ame from the heart e as ead o

177 (64%) a ar he e a h ar me e tre s omp eted a d a fa es are now in use.

ar ea e er t o rothers s e a o t to a f as a a a o o er a d ha do rre t st d a d mar e e eer a so fo o ed their elder sister to Lawhill and then to sea.

Inspiring stories


from from other pro

“Being at Lawhill is about securing a good place in the future,” says Lukhona, echoing the words of her older brother, Lucky who, when asked about the impact of Lawhill on h s ed a o a d h s areer a s ers s mp a h made me hat am toda

h ma

ap ta

Visit for more success stories and details on the Lawhill programme.. You can also stay in touch with Lawhill on Twitter (@LawhillMaritime) and Facebook (LawhillMaritimeCentre). 2014

a ha a becomes the second former Lawhill student to a h s aster s er ate of ompetency.

the mar me d str

2015 Plans are in hand for a e te s o to a h s programme with a focus o e e tro a a o systems.

2015 2015 Lawhill celebrates twenty years of mar me ed a o at mo s o hoo

o f e o t err e omes the th rd former Lawhill student to a h s aster s er ate of ompetency.

REPORT BACK: African Manning and Training conference

Long list of requirements to improve Africa’s maritime skills

Skill levels, lack of training, unionisation, language, an ageing workforce and negative perceptions all form part of the long list of detractors facing the workforce on the continent. Delegates at the African Manning and Training Conference held in Cape Town during March attempted to thrash out these and other issues at the two-day event.


burgeoning oil and gas sector as well as an acknowledged global shortfall of seafarers and other maritime skills coupled to a massive potential workforce in Africa has seen a recent awakening of interest in the Blue Economy amongst leaders on the continent. But the question remains; can we shift into gear quickly enough to take advantage of these opportunities – and provide meaningful career options to a new population of maritime professionals? Speakers and delegates aimed to tackle this question, but notably absent was the presence of the South African Maritime Safety Authority (SAMSA). As custodians of seafarer training in South Africa as well as initiators of training initiatives such as the SA Agulhas and the South African International Maritime Institute (SAIMI) – their input could have been a vital addition to what was otherwise a fruitful two days.

Supporting the oil and gas sectors Speaking from the point of view of the offshore oil and gas industry, John Binns of Southey Contracting, was quick to point out that South Africa and, indeed, Africa has not developed the necessary skills for the sector.

Above: Delegates were tasked with capturing their thoughts and discussions at the tables during break-away sessions. Below: Hemraj Shetty of Seaspan Ship Management joins the discussions tables.

It’s a tragedy considering that most countries are pushing a local content agenda and the red tape associated with working visas in many jurisdictions means that a potential platform for local skills to step into the gap is evident. A softer oil price also means that a local workforce has become attractive set against the very high salary expectations of expats. Having highlighted a number of challenges facing international companies working on the continent, Binns highlighted the need to employ locals, but emphasised that more training was vital before this could be undertaken on a

SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT: Developing human capital in the maritime industry



A new degree of learning

Above and below: Delegates were tasked with capturing their thoughts and discussions at the tables during break-away sessions.

Below centre: Torbjorn Eide of Torvald Klaveness highlights the importance of cadet berths.

Top right: The full contingent of delegates attending the Africa Manning and Training Conference in Cape Town.

Below right: John Binns of Southey Contracting and Navin Passey of Wallem Ship Management.

Above: Debbie Owen (centre) accompanied learners from the Lawhill Maritime Centre to the conference where they had the opportunity to interact with members of the industry. Below: Norrie McVicar of the International Transport Federation chats to Jon Klopper of Smit Amandla Marine.

“It (the cabotage law) is not being implemented properly. About 90 percent of visas (in Nigeria) are being issued to the Philippines for offshore work.�


SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT: Developing human capital in the maritime industry

more meaningful level. Conversely, he suggested a need for the local industry to educate and market its capabilities within the context of cultural diversity. “Africa is different,” he said explaining that international companies need to understand the diversity before making assumptions based on these differences. Captain Navin Passey of Willem Ship Management highlighted his company’s involvement in the offshore sector in Angola. Discussing their partnership with Sonangol, he said their investment in a training programme since 1999 has benefited Angolan seafarers with a number of masters, chief engineers and superintendents having successfully completed training via this route. “Nothing is impossible,” he said explaining that the opportunities exist when we differentiate between what we have and what we can have.

Seafarers from Africa Passey emphasised the prospect for Africa to develop into a crewing resource as he highlighted some of the challenges as well as opportunities. As a company constantly looking for quality crew, Passey said that Wallem was open to suggestions for developing this resource and that opportunities for Public Private Partnerships (PPP’s) with domestic African governments would assist the continent to develop crewing capacity.

Landlocked country leads the way


he presentation that possibly caught most delegates attention was that of Carsten Gierga of the YCF Group who provided astonishing details of the successful development of a marine engineering college in the landlocked country of Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Maritime Training Institute is a private company that was established to provide maritime training for Ethiopian engineering graduates. According to Gierga, since its establishment in March 2014, it has been systematically rewriting the perception of African training in the maritime industry – and a quick glance at their website reveals a significant amount of positive press has already appeared in the maritime media. Gierga highlighted that the success of the institute was largely due to the top level support from government that training receives in the country. “20 percent of the State budget in Ethiopia is allocated to training,” he said. Having sensitised the graduating engineers to the potentially lucrative opportunities of a career at sea, the Institute is able to attract the best of the best students and, according to Gierga, receives about 1,500 applicants to fill just 100 positions.

“Africa has a huge pool of youth looking for employment,” he said pointing to the fact the continent has the world’s youngest population and a growing port throughput. “There is still a shortfall in seafarers and requirements are escalating,” he said adding that 54 percent of crew was currently sourced in the Philippines.

against crewing nations such as the Philippines, Africa has to, however, overcome a number of challenges including perceptions in the industry that the continent and its skills are new to the maritime sector.

To meet the demand and compete

“There needs to be more investment in

With guaranteed jobs waiting for them

at the end of their studies, EMTI has partnered with a host of reputable shipping companies to ensure that they can fulfill this promise. Discussing why the YCF Group had elected to set up the Institute in Ethiopia, Gierga highlighted a number of reasons including the following: Î Ethiopia’s official working language is English. Î Ethiopia is governed by a stable democracy. Î It is on the IMO White list. Î The headquarters of the African Union and the United Nations in Africa is situated in Addis Ababa. Î The country has a large population of hardworking, disciplined and extremely motivated individuals. Î The hub airport of Addis Ababa has excellent international connections. Although presently only offering postgraduate courses in marine engineering, the intention is to branch out to include nautical studies in the future. Given the high level governmental support coupled with private investment, the ambitions to create a 20ha campus within the next five years seems more than feasible. “Our vision is to make Ethiopia the crew supplier to the world,” concluded Gierga.

Championing the idea of a offshore policy with a cabotage element to govern the continental shelf, McVicar said that this could be a “game changer” for the promotion of seafaring opportunities on the continent.

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A new degree of learning the promotion of seafaring opportunities on the continent. With countries like Nigeria, however, having already implemented cabotage rulings, the reality is unfortunately not synced to law. “It (the cabotage law) is not being implemented properly,” reports McVicar who explains that of the 130,000 people working in the Nigerian offshore sector – only 800 or so are actually Nigerians. “About 90 percent of visas are being issued to the Philippines for offshore work,” he says.

Above: Jean-Louis Taty Boussiam of the Regional Maritime Academy in Abidjan, Dr Baylie Damtie of Bahir Dar University in Ethiopia and George Pitaoulis of ABC Maritime. Left: Marine cadets provide input at the conference.

Africa needs to take stock: An ageing skilled workforce

Training certification and verification

Fraudulent certification

Raising standards and work ethic

Language and culture

Cost of training

Mismatch between dearth of seafarers vs unemployed seafarers


training and training quality needs to be validated on the continent,” says Passey emphasising the need to mitigate the stigma associated with Africa that still negatively associates the continent with war, piracy and corruption. “There is a need to recognise this problem in order to solve it,” he said. “Stand up Africa – invest in yourself,” was the rather direct message from Passey who reiterated the need for partnerships in this regard. It was also clear from the panel discussions that the need to market African seafarers as a possible resource is beginning to sink in. It is important to promote Africa as a seafaring continent. Norrie McVicar of the International Transport Federation reiterated this and asked; “What are politicians doing to promote seafarers?” He went further to suggest that cabotage could be the model through which to promote seafarers and added that a continental shelf policy would certainly help develop the African seafaring capacity. McVicar also pointed out that the offshore oil and gas sector offered an ideal opportunity for African seafarers who could benefit from being closer to home and not employed in the deepsea sectors. Championing the idea of an offshore policy with a cabotage element to govern the continental shelf, McVicar said that this could be a “game changer” for

SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT: Developing human capital in the maritime industry

Peter Grindem of Kongsberg backed up these statements. Reporting the sales of simulator training systems into Africa, he highlighted that around 37,000 additional rig crew would be needed in the next decade, but that major competency and capacity gaps existed. Added to the rig crew requirements, he reported that 35,000 to 40,000 offshore support vessel (OSV) crew would be needed. Grindem believes that these requirements can be filled by developing countries and that there is therefore a need to invest in skills training in these countries. “New challenges exist. As OSV’s, for example, become more complex and sophisticated – so too do the required skills,” he said advocating the use of simulator training which provides virtual and realistic training to recruits.

A support network Captain John Lloyd of the University of Tasmania in Australia spoke about the opportunities for maritime training institutions and universities to network and share best practice. “Like any international business we do want to network, we do want to share good practice and we want to make a commitment to shaping the future of maritime training and education,” he said as he introduced the mandates of the International Association of Maritime Universities, the International Association of Maritime Institutions and the Global Maritime Education and Training Association. These three of bodies have NGO status representation at the IMO. “They can carry your message from the maritime community through those bodies to the IMO meetings as well. I like to think that that is the voice of maritime training, which adds value to the communities that they serve,” said Lloyd adding that training institutions and universities should be encouraged to become members.

1. Measuring perceptions of maritime reporting 2. Will the Durban (South Africa) dig-out port become a reality? 3. What are Africa’s biggest maritime challenges? 4. What are your views on Operation Phakisa?

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