V24 N2/3 Remembering Rosie: Women Shipyard Workers in World War II

Page 1

Shannon Lynch, in a cooperative program with the Columbia River Maritime Museum, researched and wrote about Rosie the Riveter for her 1998 senior project at Astoria High School. We are proud to present her work.

United States cause to enter World War IL And not just the members of the armed forces, but every citizen of the United States went to war in some way. It was a time of rationing and shortages, of buying war bonds and collecting rubber. Everyone pitched in to help win the war and bring the boys back safely. The increased wartime production effort also made it a time of homefront opportunities for many people, especially women.

The morning of December 7, 1941 dawned like any other day. But by that evening, the life of every American would be changed in some way. On that day, the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, giving the

Continued page 3

Welders in Portland, Oregon , 1942 Photo courtesy of Alex Blend!

Remembering Rosie:

A review and newsletter from the Columbia River Maritime Museum at 1792 Marine Drive in Astoria, Oregon

Women Shipyard Workers in World War II by Shannon Lynch

the •·· f'~ l Spring/Summer 1998 Vol. 24, No. 2-3 y '7 y " L , , I ,%•' '"

Robley Mangold , President

Ken M. Novack

ALLHANDS ONDECK!

Recently the Columbia River Maritime Museum made an "all hands" call for volunteers. We had been given the responsibility of assisting as many people as possible to walk the deck of one of the nation's most historically significant Navy vessels, USS Missouri. Organizing quickly, the Museum crew assembled a deck force consisting of 80 people. These dedicated volunteers contributed over 1,100 hours of effort in just five days! Dressed in snappy CRMM uniforms, our outstanding crew worked tirelessly to bring 57,040 visitors across the decks at an average rate of 1,200 people every hour the ship was open for tours.

Chet Makinster

Herbert N Steinmeyer

Jerry Ostermiller Executive Director

Jon Englund

Larry Perkins

Walter Gadsby, Jr.

Sid Snyder

From the Wheelhouse

Senator Mark Hatfield

Captain Rod Leland

Following Missouri's visit, the Museum hosted an appreciation party for our crew of volunteers. This gathering was a most enjoyable experience as photographs were shared and war stories exchanged. Yet, as all of us remarked over and over again as the evening unfolded, it was indeed a most wonderful feeling to be called up on deck to perform. Our outstanding crew performed handsomely and with great good will. Our volunteers and staff gave all they had to the challenge, and exceeded anyone's best expectations. I am proud of everyone involved. I am also totally confident that when the call is again made for "all hands on deck," there will be 100% turnout with style, verve and first-class performance.

Mitch Boyce

Dr James H. Gilbaugh, Jr

Charles Shea

COLUMBIA RIVER MARITIME MUSEUM

Jack R. Dant in memoriam

Quarte rd eck , Vo l. 24, No. 2

J.W 'Bud ' Forrester, Jr.*

Joseph Tennant Willis Van Dusen

2

Eugene Lowe

It is experiences like this visit of USS Missouri that remind me of how tremendous our crew of volunteers and staff really is. It is, after all, what makes a ship or any venture truly awesome the people we learn to count on . Bravo Zulu!

Cheri Folk

Board of Trustees:

CRMM volunteers and staff aboard USS Missouri people were not visitors in the traditional sense, but pilgrims fulfilling a need to walk hallowed ground. For all of us greeting and visiting with these folks, it was an experience of a lifetime that was richly rewarding.

Ted Natt, Imm ediate Past Pres Jerry L. Ostermiller, Executive Dire ctor

Chris Maletis

June Spence

The Museum also extended its opening hours as part of this historic ship's visit, experiencing a record-breaking 350% increase in visitors who came to see the special exhibits and films our staff created in support of Missouri's visit. Of special interest were the large color photographs of Missouri firing her 16-inch guns, and an actual 2,000-pound projectile now on display in the Naval History gallery.

W . Louis Lars on , Se c re tary

Don M . Haskell

Scott Palmquist

Don Magnusen , Treasure r

Graham Barbey

Jim McCla s key, Vice Pres

Frank M Warren

Harold Wilde

Peter Brix*

Ted Zell

Ronald Collman

Afterguard

Samuel C. Wheeler

* Trustee Emeritus

Throughout history the call to rush to the deck and give one's all generates both excitement and anxiety for a ship's crew. As a general alarm, the message clearly signals that much is at stake. Sailors give this command their immediate attention because they know that it is of great importance.

Ward V. Cook

I was certainly impressed with the enormity of the crowds and the intense interest shown by the visitors . I was also impressed by how polite and appreciative these folks were after spending three or four hours in a car, standing in line for three more hours, and climbing up steep ramp to board the ship and then having to negotiate narrow ladders once on board. But my greatest impression was that these

John McGowan *

Alan C. Goudy

Ted Bugas

Richard T. Carruthers *

Quarterdeck, Vol. 24, No. 2

In advertising, states Sherna Gluck "themes of patriotism and glamour we;e used to appeal" to younger women. A popular song, Rosie the Riveter, told about a young woman who worked in a war plant

With vast numbers of men joining up to fight, women were mobilized so that defense production would not decrease. According to Penny Colman, in her book Rosie the Riveter: Women Working on the Home Front in World War II, women began to look for war jobs because the money was so much better than the typical pay for more traditional women's jobs, such as teaching. But in order to find the numbers of workers needed, the government had to advertise. The War Manpower Commission (WMC) and the Office of War Information (OWi) took on the job of persuading women to take defense jobs.

"See you at lunch," says shipyard worker Lois Nelson as she climbs the 30-foot steel ladder to her overhead crane.

3

Continued from front page

Remembering Rosie

As the men joined up, women flocked to take over their jobs in factories and shipyards. Dubbed "Rosie the Riveters," these women produced an amazing number of ships, planes, and other important war materials. They came from all walks of life they were wives, mothers, and girls just out of college but all pulled together to help the United States increase the enormous industrial production that would enable military victory.

COLUMBIA RIVER MARITIME M

In 1941, America was still recuperating from the effects of the Great Depression. In the 1930s unemployment had been extremely high, and working women were most often in the labor force by necessity: to support their families. Still, there was much prejudice against women workers, especially if they were married. A 1936 survey (cited by Sherna Gluck in her book Rosie the Riveter Revisited) showed that 82 percent of Americans believed that if a woman's husband had a job, she should not work. Restrictions were even enacted to see that married women would have a hard time getting jobs. Despite these restrictions, one in every nine married women was working in 1940, and between 11.5 and 12 million women held jobs.

But World War II would change all that. In May 1940, more than a year before the United States entered the war, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt launched a program to make the United States "the greatest arsenal for democracy," creating new jobs and helping end the Depression. As production increased, so did the demand for workers. Although men were hired first a few companies began to hire women. ' When the United States entered the war, the campaign to bring women into the work force really took off. More defense jobs meant more opportunities for minorities not only women, but also African-Americans, Hispanics, and other groups that had

The Bo's 'n's Whistle, Kaiser Co. August 19, 1943 previously encountered job discrimination. President Roosevelt issued an executive order to prevent discrimination in hiring.

THE RIGHT WAY -~

Quarterdeck, Vol. 24, No. 2

4

while her boyfriend was off at war. Norman Rockwell's image of Rosie the Riveter, published on the cover of the Saturday Evening Post, immortalized a young woman riveter, clad in overalls, stepping on a copy of Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf and eating a sandwich. An American flag billows in the background. Rosie the Riveter became a catch phrase to describe all women in defense industries. American women were bombarded with propaganda urging them to do their part to win the war.

Despite safety precautions, there were definite dangers for women workers Thirtyseven thousand people (both women and men) were killed in industrial accidents between 1942 and the beginning of 1944. Amelia Bristow, a local "Rosie" who worked in a shipyard during the war, spoke of a girl who got her hair caught in a drill. Other risks included chemical exposure, breathing rustfilled air, climbing scaffolding, or explosion.

Women did respond, entering the labor force in large numbers. People flocked to urban areas where there were factories and shipyards building war equipment. Since no one really had much experience with building airplanes or ships, companies advertised "No Experience Necessary," and paid wages during training. Women performed hundreds of different jobs, ranging from bench work to the better known jobs such as riveting and welding. Women became crane operators, lathe operators, riveters, scalers, welders, and welder's helpers, or took on other work from a seemingly endless list of jobs. "We have women helping design our planes in the Engineering Department, building them on the production line, operating almost every conceivable type of machinery, from rivet guns to giant stamp presses," declared a 1944 article by L. Bradley entitled "Women at Work," published in National Geographic. Other women worked elsewhere in the war plants. Susan Hartmann, in her book The Home Front and Beyond: American Women in the 1940s, described the placement of women counselors to help women adjust to problems, both on-the-job and personal. These counselors were not always professionally trained, but they did their best to make sure the women kept coming to work.

To persuade employers to integrate the workplace, the War Department issued a

wear protective gear. It was counterproductive to wear a skirt while riveting or welding; many women donned slacks or overalls for the first time in their lives. Any woman working with machinery had to keep her hair out of the way, using a hair net or the bandanna in which Rosies were so often portrayed. Welders wore goggles, and sturdy shoes and heavy gloves were often a necessity. However, articles and advertisements urged women not to lose their femininity by printing stories and pictures of women who

COLUMBIA RIVER MARITIME MUSEUM

worked in war jobs, yet were able to look "glamorous."

American women were bombarded with propaganda urging them to do their part to win the war

The jobs women performed were sometimes dangerous, forcing them to

Another dilemma for the woman worker was child care. In order to get large numbers of mothers to work, all employers would have to expand day-care programs. In Oregon, the Kaiser Corporation established child care centers right in its shipyards. Most women workers, however, had to leave their children with family.

Despite the difficulties, an amazing number of women entered the work force during World War II, swelling the ranks of employed women from 12 million to 18.2 million between 1940 and 1944. Not all of these workers were in defense industries; women worked in civilian jobs as well as for the government. Altogether, about 3.5 million

-Shannon Lynch

The Bo's'n's Whistle, Kaiser Co., Nov. 11, 1943 booklet entitled You 're Going To Employ Women: "In some respects women workers are superior to men. Properly hired, properly trained, properly handled, new women employees are splendidly efficient workers. The desire of a new woman worker to help win the war to shorten it even by a minute gives her an enthusiasm that more than offsets industrial inexperience" (quoted in Penny Colman's Rosie the Riveter). While not every employer followed suit, many were persuaded to hire women.

"The desire of a new woman worker to help win the war-to shorten it even by a minute gives her an enthusiasm that more than offsets industrial inexperience."

War Dept., 1942

5

Quarte rdeck, Vol. 24, No. 2

women worked in war production jobs. Surveys showed that a majority of women enjoyed and hoped to stay in their jobs after the war. But as the soldiers returned, they wanted their jobs back. Even before the fighting ended, the propaganda recruiting new women workers stopped; instead, advertising began to convince women that it was their "patriotic duty" to give up their jobs and go back to their domestic duties.

When peace arrived, that is exactly what most Rosies did. Massive numbers of women in both war industries and other jobs were laid off, receiving notices that they were no longer needed. Although some women were glad to go home to their fami lies, many were not, and wanted to continue to work. But the discrimination had returned: although qualified, they weren't hired because they were women. Former Rosies who still wanted to work ended up in more traditional women's jobs.

CS

LUMB/A RIVER MARITIME MUSEUM

More than fifty years later, we can see that World War II provided great opportunities for women. War jobs helped women prove their capabilities at doing mechanical , hands on work. Learning new skills gave women pride in themselves. War work also broadened horizons, by providing an oppor tunity to meet and interact with people of different races and ethnic groups. And the era was the beginning of an important struggle by women for equal job opportunities. As Susan Hartmann wrote, "Although World War Two did little to ameliorate permanently the secondary position of women in the economy, it did contribute to changes in economic behavior... the war expanded job opportunities for women and added a greater element of choice to their lives." The emergence of "Rosie the Riveter" showed women that they were truly capable of any kind of work, if given the chance . World War II changed America, and it changed the way American women saw themselves.

Georgia's first shipyard job was at Oregon Ship, where she worked on a "cleanup gang" armed with brooms and buckets. She wanted to be a welder, but there were no positions open at the time. Later Georgia went to work at the Navy shipyard, where she became a "welderette." She worked on aircraft carriers called baby flattops "just beautiful ships."

Shipyard Women

TheBo's'n's Whistle, Kaiser Co. Sept. 27, 1942

Those shipyard days were really something Amelia Bristow is a sprightly 91-yearold woman who lives in Svensen. "I wasn't Rosie the Riveter, but I was Millie the Scaler," were almost the first words out of her mouth. Amelia worked at two shipyards-Oregon Ship and Swan Island. Her first job was on a scaling crew on Liberty ships, washing and scrubbing the rust and dirt off tanks under sometimes uncomfortable conditions.

Margery Wolford:

Quarterdeck, Vo l 24, No. 2

I interviewed three Northwest Oregon women who worked in shipyards during the war. Talking to these women personalized the subject of working women in World War II; I wou ld like to share th eir fascinating stories.

Amelia Bristow:

Georgia Maki:

At the shipyard, Margery found her first introduction to African-Americans and other minorities. Margery's next job was at Willamette Iron and Steel, a shipyard that built landing ships, Navy vessels, and some Liberty ships. Margery summarized her wartime work as "really an experience," not only because of the work she did, but also because of the people that she met. Margery held several jobs after the war, as well.

After the Japanese surrender, Georgia and her husband returned to the store in Clatskanie. They bought the business with her income from the shipyards. cf;

What did I learn? I learned to weld Georgia Maki lives in Astoria and was no stranger to the working world when the war came along. Georgia and her husband ran a mom 'n'pop store and gas station, but they couldn't get supplies because of wartime shortages. They closed up and headed to Portland to work in the shipyards.

Margery Wolford grew up on a farm in Estacada, where her family got through the Depression by growing everything on their farm. A few years later, Margery's family moved to Portland, where she graduated from the High School of Commerce (now Cleveland High School) in 1942.

Sh ann o n Ly nch

tents. Margery then went to work in the office at the Swan Island Shipyard.

6 LUMB/A RIVER MARITIME MU

After a year, Amelia became a welder's helper and moved to the upper decks, where she worked for almost three years. The job "paid well at the time," she recalled nearly $100 per week. Amelia enjoyed her job, and took it very seriously, never missing a day. cf;

Margery, like Amelia Bristow, was quick to point out that she wasn't "Rosie the Riveter." Her first job was for Hirschweis, a company that made Army

At Swan Island, Margery recalled, every worker had to show their badge to get into the shipyard. It was approximately the size and shape of a silver dollar, with her picture on one side and her identification number on the other. One day, she forgot her badge, but a friend slipped her a silver dollar and she managed to get in the gates. The shipyard put out a ship every four days. These quickly assembled merchant vessels were known as Liberty Ships.

So many things were happen ing!

Q: What about the appreciation on the asset?

Q : What about other ways of supporting theMuseum?

A: No. The Museum offers a "pooled income fund" which allows a donor to make a gift of as little as $10,000, and provides all of the benefits of a charitable trust. In addition, most charitable trusts can be added to over time, and can benefit more than one charity.

A recent advertisement in local papers has raised a number of questions about charitable trusts. This Q&A section will address many of the questions our members have posed in recent weeks.

COLUMBIA RIVER MARITIME MUSEUM

Q: Do I need cash to fund the trust?

Quart e rdeck, Vol 24 , No. 2

Q: I recent ly saw an advertisement in our paper about a big fundraising group that was offering a 7% to 8% return on a "charitable trust" that also would give me a chari table gift tax deduction Does our Museum do anything like this?

7

real estate, collectibles, and life insurance policies: in all, any asset that has value and can be sold.

A: As a donor, you will receive an immediate tax deduction based on the amount of your trust and your age. For example, a gift of $10,000 at age 70 would provide a charitable gift deduction of $4,224 80 At age 60, the deduction would be $2,837.90 In addition, this deduction may be spread out over as many as five years.

Q: I've heard t h at it takes a l ot of money to create a c h aritable trust. Is this true?

A: Yes. The ad you saw referred to a charitable remainder trust. This kind of gift pays the donor, or donors, lifetime income. As an example, a $100,000 gift at 7% would provide an annual income of $7,000. The Maritime Museum has had a charitable trust program in place for three years.

A: This is one of the most positive benefits of establishing a charitable trust. No capital gains taxes are applied against assets placed in a charitable trust. This provides you with income based on the full value of an asset, stock or property, free and clear of all capital gains taxes.

A: You can call the Museum for a brochure about this program, or talk with any local bank. It is very helpful to talk to your accountant or attorney about charitable trusts. If you'd like more information, please call Rob Rudd at the Museum at (503) 325 2323 . C:";

Q&A: Charitable Trusts at Your Museum

Q: This sounds great. How can I learn more?

Q: What about the tax deduction for making a gift?

A: Any asset of value can be used to fund a trust. This can include stock, bonds,

A: There are a lot of ways to make gifts to the Museum. A gift can be made in your will, or you can donate your house to the museum and live in it for the rest of your life. Another way to support the Museum is to donate an asset such as stock, real estate, or any other appreciated asset. All of these kinds of gifts are beneficial to both you, the donor, and the Museum.

Quarte rdeck, Vo l. 24, No 2

Mighty Mo's Last Voyage

COLUMBIA RIVER MARITIME MUSEUM

Crowds patiently wait in line to go aboard the world's last battleship at the Port of Astoria

An estimated 125,000 people came to say goodbye to the old warship before her last voyage.

by Michael Paul Mccu sker

The "Mighty Mo" was not the most veteran American warship when President Harry Truman designated her as the site upon which defeated Japan would surren der and end World War II. It might have been more fitting to designate one of the resurrected battleships sunk at Pearl Harbor to accept the surrender. But Truman was from Missouri, and so, on September 2, 1945, USS Missouri became

the country's most famous battleship. Missouri stayed in service through the Korean War, leapfrogged over the Vietnam conflict (although her sister New Jersey was recommissioned for that war), and served with another Iowa class battleship, Wisconsin, in the Persian Gulf War.

Although hundreds of Astorians pitched in to handle the huge crowds, Columbia

Missouri, like her sisters, was put in mothballs more than once, until only recently the U.S. Navy was put upon to make a decision whether to preserve her or scrap her. The pressure of preservationists prevailed, which is why the old battleship came to Astoria, under tow from Bremerton, Washington (by an appropriately named towboat, Sea Victory). Missouri became a part of Astoria's history as a result of the need to kill saltwater organisms clogging her bottom in the Columbia River's fresh water. An estimated 125,000 people came to say goodbye to the old warship before her last voyage. Such crowds may never be in Astoria again (unless, as one man suggested to the mayor, the city hosts the Olympics).

8

The famous battleship USS Missouri spent a few days in Astoria this spring. Certainly, reflecting upon the polyglot mass of humanity that came to see the old warship before she left the continental U.S. forever, everybody in this part of western America is aware that a vital relic of the nation's history has gone to her Pacific gateway in Hawaii. There she will take up station as a museum, near the sunken ruin of another battleship just as famous: USS Arizana, enshrined in the mud of Pearl Harbor with most of her crew entombed with her. Quite fittingly they will be positioned as the "first" and "last" battleships, memorials to the Pacific War.

USS Missouri left Astoria in the same manner she arrived, under tow, disappearing to a watchful crowd into late-afternoon fog that rolled up from the river's mouth on June 3rd. The old battleship towered over more recent Navy vessels visiting the city before sailing upriver to the Rose Festival in Portland. As "Mighty Mo" moved toward the ocean under tow, another famous vessel, Astoria's own Salvage Chief, blasted her horn in tribute. e,f;

The museum crew poses before a busy day of tours

-Herman Wouk

9

Thousands more came down to the docks just to take a final (and, for many, also a first) look at Missouri. They came to see, as Herman Wouk described in his famous novel Caine Mutiny, "the vast flat steel wall of the battleship's side [that]

Bow view of USS Missouri towered like a skyscraper and stretched away on either side, seemingly for blocks ... the great citadel of bridge and stacks [that] jutted out of the deck skyward, a pyramid of metal..."

Quarterdeck, Vol. 24, No 2

Americans are notorious for being largely indifferent to their history, yet sometimes a collective chord of memory revives and they respond as they did to Missouri's short visit to Astoria. A full century after the first battleships made the United States a world power, Missouri, almost the world's last battleship, represents our nation's military high-water mark half a century later.

The average wait in line to board Missouri was three to four hours, and once aboard people had more waiting: to view the plaque placed on the deck where the Allies and Japanese signed-off World War II, and again to leave the ship. Almost everyone was patient; most felt "honored" and "awed" that they stood on the exact spot where ended the worst war in history. Among the visitors, of course, were thousands of veterans of virtually every war the U.S. has fought in this century, and of the years between wars when Americans were stationed all over the world.

COLUMBIA RIVER MARITIME MUSEUM

River Maritime Museum volunteers got the special "plum" of manning Missouri's decks, welcoming the more than 57,000 people who came aboard. This amounts to approximately 1,200 visitors an hour for the five days the ship was open to the public.

Michael McCusker was born the same year USS Missouri's keel was laid (1941). He was a CRMM deck volunteer during the battleship's stay in Astoria.

"The vast flat steel wall of the battleship's side towered like a skyscraper and stretched away on either side, seemingly for blocks . "

Museum Staff:

Rob Rudd

W Hampton Scudder

• In crew news, several staff members attended the annual meeting of the Council of American Maritime Museums, held in May at the Vancouver Maritime Museum, B.C. Discussions centered on the theme of partnership and collaboration.

Arline Schmidt

Jerry Ostermiller

10

• BZ, Volunteers! At our annual volunteer recognition evening, held in April, we had the pleasure of applauding our volunteers' considerable contributions in all areas of museum operations. But the story doesn't end there. A superlative effort brought our volunteer and paid crew out in force to handle the deck tours, special events, and thousands of extra visitors during the port call of USS Missouri (see related stories, p. 2 and 8). A Hearty ''Well-Done" to All!

• Larry Thompson wrote and authoritatively identified last issue's cover photo of the 44-foot motor lifeboat: "I was the coxswain on that boat at the time the picture was taken, on the Washington coast off La Push ... In fact, the boat in the picture (#44363) is the same

class of volunteers and would-be docents. If you'd like to be notified of upcoming training and learning opportunities, please call volunteer coordinator Chris Bennett at 325-2323.

COLUMBIA RIVER MARITIME MUSEUM

• We bid farewell to Quarterdeck editor and museum communications coordinator Karen Carpenter, who has returned to her home state of Maine. In four years with the Museum, Karen's cheerful and creative approach to projects touched everyone on the staff as well as museum members, friends, neighbors and the media. We wish Karen, Dave and Megan best of luck Down East.

Quarterdeck, Vol. 24, No. 2

Trish Custard

Sheila Radich

Lynne Leland

Jim Nyberg

David Pearson

Rachel Wynne

Elaine Rusinovich

News and Notes

Chris Bennett

John Davis

Anne Witty

Nikki Bryan

Celerino Bebeloni

• On the waterfront, the Museum's troller Darle recently cruised upriver to Cathlamet, Washington to join other vintage workboats in a recreated harbor scene for the filming of Snow Falling on Cedars. The film, based on David Guterson's best-selling novel, is due out in December.

• A special thank-you to volunteer Richard Fenscak, formerly education coordinator for the Museum, who returned to teach his popular Columbia River maritime history course to a large and enthusiastic

Bonnie Kozowski

Jennifer Miller

Russ Bean

Stephanie Kiander

• Director Jerry Ostermiller has worked on several professional collaborations this spring. At the San Francisco Maritime Museum, he advised on an exhibition of marine communications technology. He also assisted the National Endowment for the Humanities in an on-site evaluation of the Idaho Humanities Council.

• Check it out! Our new web site can be found at www.crmm.org Many thanks to Astoria High School students Ryan Holrnstedt and Sasha Rappaport, who did a fine job putting it together.

Charlotte Jackson

Editorial Staff: Jerry Ostermiller, Anne Witty, Rob Rudd, Je nnifer Miller, Patricia Turner Custard, Rachel Wynne

On the Horizon

The Lower Columbia Row-In July 18-19 th -All human-powered watercraft welcome! Contact the Museum at 325-2323 for registration information.

The Quarterdeck Volume 24, No 2-3

Telephone : (503)325 2323 Fax: (503)325-2331

"Oregon Rivers: Photographs by Larry Olson, Words by John Daniel" Exhibition opens in the Kern Room on July 17 th through mid-October

COLUMBIA RIVER MARITIME MUSEUM

Jack Dant made another lasting contribution to maritime history when he wrote and published a fine history of States Steamship Company, The Way of the Seahorse. He was honored by the Columbia River Maritime Museum as one of a select few Maritime Fellows. Director Jerry Ostermiller recalls Mr. Dant as a consummate gentleman who always had time for the Museum. We will fondly remember his thoughtfulness : a winter box of grapefruit, lemons, or oranges always arrived from California just in time to save the crew from scurvy.

Printed at: Printing Arts Center, Longview, Washington

11

Passages

Editor: David Pearson

The restoration of the sternwheel steamboat Portland, typical of the steamers that worked the Columbia and Willamette Rivers over the past century, was another of Dr. Jones' projects. He will be greatly missed by his many friends and colleagues.

Born in Portland and educated at the University of Oregon, Mr. Dant worked for his family's lumber company, Dant and Russell. After serving in World War II as a naval lieutenant, he entered the steamship side of the family business. In 1956 he became president and owner of States Steamship Lines, presiding over the company until it ceased operations in 1980. During his career, Mr. Dant developed roll-on, roll-off (RO-RO) vessels, considered an important technological innovation.

News & Notes, continued ...

one that carried three of the crew that lost their lives off La Push last winter. The picture was taken during 1972 while I was stationed at La Push. Many stormy nights my wife listened to the 44s leave La Push harbor and said her prayers for the boats and their crews."

• Withdeep sorrow, we note the passing of Museum trustee Jack R. Dant, in April 1998. Invited to the board in the Museum's first years by founding director Rolf Klep, Mr Dant served as a trustee for 35 years He continually brought his love of history and his broad maritime and business experience to the benefit of the Museum.

Qu arterdeck, Vol. 24 , No. 2

The Quarterdeck is published four times a year by the Columbia River Maritime Museum , 1792 Marine Drive , Astoria, Oregon 97103.

• We join our colleagues at the Oregon Maritime Center and Museum in mourning the recent loss of Dr. Everett Jones, a cofounder and tireless advocate for the maritime museum in Portland.

In Memoriam

One of the five founders of the Center, he served two long terms as chairman and president. Under Dr. Jones' leadership, the Oregon Maritime Center was incorporated in 1980 and moved to the Portland waterfront in 1986.

E-mail us at: columbia@seasurf.com www crmm org

COLUMBIA RIVER MARITIME MUSEUM 12

scribes the scope of this dandy book. Lobscouse is a hash of salt meat plus whatever else, especially hardtack, is at hand. Spotted Dog is one of the steamed or boiled suet puddings so dear to the hearts of seamen. The puddings, including Spotted Dick, Drowned Baby, Dog's Body, and Roly-Poly, are actually quite toothsome desserts; the cookbook tells how to recreate them and many more alluring dishes without undo fuss.

A Seaworthy Culinary Companion

Helen Witty has most recently written The Good Stuff Cookbook (Workman, 1997). Richard Witty is a retired publisher and co-author, with his wife, of Feed the Birds, a book, with recipes, for backyard naturalists

Lobscouse & Spotted Dog, by Anne Chotzinoff Grossman & Lisa Grossman Thomas, W W. Norton Publishers, pb $29.95/$28.95

Perhaps best of all for armchair cooks, selections from the novels appear with the recipes . For those who haven't yet had the pleasure of an introduction, the Aubrey/Maturin novels have given rise to a literary cult on both sides of the Atlantic. After sampling this delightful cookbook and meeting amiable Jack Aubrey and quirky Stephen Maturin, even a confirmed landlubber will want to read of their exploits in war (mostly) and peace, on every sea and most of the land masses of the world.

Books from The Museum Store

Anne Chotzinoff Grossman • Lisa Grossman Thomas foreword by Pl\TRICK O'BRIAN

The merry and ingenious authors cannot be praised too highly for the way they went about their research. First they combed Patrick O'Brian's distinguished Aubrey /Maturin novels for references to meals consumed on sea and land, in good times and bad , by Jack Aubrey, a fighting captain of the Royal Navy, and his unlikely sidekick Dr. Stephen Maturin, who is also ship's surgeon, naturalist, patriot, and intelligence agent struggling against Napoleon. They then researched the food and drink of the late 18 th and early 19th centuries before writing recipes usable in our modern American kitchens. the hungriest historian, plus enough amusing reading to entertain the hardest working cook. We're going to make Rout Cakes, Kedgeree and Gooseberry Fool, and Christmas Mince Pies as we further explore the recipes.

Quarte rdeck , Vol. 24, No 2

By Richard and Helen Witty

Dear reader, do pick up O'Brian's Master and Commander, the first of the Aubrey/Maturin series, and make a delightful literary acquaintance. Lobscouse and Spotted Dog joins distinguished company by adding itself to the O'Brian fleet. There are sufficient good things in the cookbook, with background notes (and an excellent bibliography), to content

Lobscouse & Spotted Dog is a fetchingly titled new cookbook by the mother-daughter team of Anne Chotzinoff Grossman and Lisa Grossman Thomas. The subtitle Which It's a Gastronomic Companion to the Aubrey/Maturin Novels fairly de-

This little book brought me closer to my mother's history, and that of thousands of American women who answered the call of liberty. Highly recommended! Rosie the Riveter, by Penny Colman, Crown Publishers, pb $10.99/$9.90

Quarterdeck, Vol 24 , No 2

Memories of the Homefront

lilmim llmnl

My mother stopped at the Museum the other day for a visit. I remembered that she had worked as a "Rosie" building P-38 aircraft for Lockheed during World War II, and showed her a new book, Rosie the Riveter: Women Working on the Home Front in World War II, by Penny Colman. As she looked through it, she recalled many stories from her time working for the war effort. The book illustrates riveting, and she told me about her partner on the other end of the rivetgun the "bucker." "You

Videos "Mighty Mo" This 3-video set covers Missouri's role in three wars, for a comprehensive history of one of the world's most famous battleships. (2-1/2 hours total) $40.00

COLUMBIA RIVER MARITIME MUSEUM

B y Ra ch e l Wy nn e

USS Missouri Memorabilia

Photographs Five different color images of USS Missouri (8 X 10) $5.50 each Commemorative T-Shirts "USS Missouri in Astoria, Oregon 1998" (sizes L & XL only) $20.00

The Book Battleship Missouri: An Illustrated History, by Paul Stillwell. An excellent and complete history including interviews with dozens of men who served on Missouri's crew. Read all about her, from keel-laying to the Japanese surrender on September 2, 1945 and through the Persian Gulf War in 1991. (450 pp, 380 photos & drawings). $56.95

WfilJ

I had to be pretty strong to be a bucker," she said. "She had to hold the other end of the rivet in place while I hammered away, so that the rivet would mushroom and pull tight." We talked about the high wages paid to women in the shipyards and aircraft industry. Not many wanted to give up their new-found independence and financial security at the end of the war, including my mother.

Visit the Museum Store 9:30-5:00 daily, or call and order your purchases today at (503) 325-2323 All members get a 10% discount! 13

Mr. and Mrs. Dennis Johnson Mrs. Henry E Nilsen

Mr. Maurie D. Clark

James F. and Marion L. Miller Fund John and Jane Youell Fund Oregon Community Foundation

Mr. George H Shaver Mary Dahl Mrs. Freda Englund

COLUMBIA RIVER MARITIME MUSEUM 14

Mrs. Margueritte H. Drake

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Ferguson

Mr. and Mrs. Richard Cole

Governor & Mrs. Victor Atiyeh Rev. Edgar G. Bletcher

Mrs. Gettrude Marvin Mrs. Ernestine Bennett Capt. & Mrs. John Marcus Baldry Mr. Glen Bay Dr. Bernard Berenson Mr. and Mrs Charles F. Cardinell Dr. George Cottrell Mr. and Mrs. Jack Foster Mr. and Mrs. Rand E. Hartill

Mr. Jim Casterline

Helmsman

Mr. Michael E. Lynch

Troy & Lori Johnson Ms. Lisbeth A. Miller Ms. Cheryl Pesch! Mr. Rodney Welshans Helmsman

Mrs. Marie J. Vandewater Boatswain

Mr. and Mrs. Walter Gadsby, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Ripley W. Gage

Mr. and Mrs. Trygve Duoos

Mr. and Mrs. Robley L. Mangold Raymond Brandon Mrs. Ruby Smith Allan Bue

Mr. Michael Parker

Ms. Mary Goodell

Ms. Susan C. Lewis

Mr. and Mrs. John C. Hart

Jane & Larry Harris

Mrs. Nora Johnson .lack Dant

Mr. & Mrs. C. Edwin Francis

Mrs. Mary B. Hoffman

Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Knutsen

Mr. and Mrs. Stephen B. Dudley Mr. George Hammond

Robert Jarrard & Merianne Myers Mr. and Mrs. Ben L. Jennings Mr. Neil Johannsen Mr. and Mrs. James Maggert Robert & Kathy Mansfield Kevin & Nancy Miller Mr. Gary Nothstein Mr. Edward Perkins Mr. John Plenty

Robert & Marilyn Bourn

Mr John E. Nelson

Mr. and Mrs. George Abrahamsen Capt. & Mrs. Joseph Bruneau Mabel Anderson

Mr. & Mrs. Eliot H. Jenkins

Ensign/Individual

January 1, 1998 May31 , 1998

January 1, 1998 May31 , 1998

Memorial Donations

January 1, 1998 May31 , 1998

Mr. & Mrs. Joseph L. Heinz

Mr. and Mrs. Robert Adams Dr and Mrs. Daryl Birney Mr. and Mrs. Robert Bish Mr. and Mrs. John C. Bleakmore Mr. Charles Canfield Mr. and Mrs. John Ducich Leonard Ellis & Charlene Hadfield Mr. Kenneth Ginn

Mrs Leonora Dart Graham

Mr. Roy C. Hopgood

Mr. Edwin K. Parker

Mr. Melvin H. Iverson Florence Bull

Mr. and Mrs. Brian Borton

Bill Coons & Lynne Hacklin Coons Mr and Mrs. Randy Cox Arthur and Laurie Dolan Gary & Violet Ewing Mr. and Mrs. Hal E. Gardner Mr. Steven Glusman & Family Mr. and Mrs. Don Hillgaertner

Crew/Family Charles & Diane Awalt Mr. Ray Bagley Mr. Richard Carlson

Mr. and Mrs. James West Mary Helen & Steve Windell Gordon & Eileen Wolcott Boatswain

Crew/Family

Mr. Tim Abshire

Mr. Melvin H. Iverson Steve Antoniou

Quarte rdeck, Vo l 24, N o 2

Ensign/Individual

Mr. & Mrs. Joseph L. Heinz

Mr Robert Emrick

January 1, 1998 May 31 , 1998

Mr. Toby Dyal

Mr. and Mrs. William F. Hidden

Mr. David Riswick Crew/Family

Mr. & Mrs. Paul McCracken

Gift s

De Vere 'Mick' Allen

Mrs. Carol Nygaard Pete Antoniou

Mr. and Mrs. Jeff Lampa Nicholas Marshall & Family Kelly McDermitt

Thomas Autzen

Welcome Back

Ms. Alyce Cheatham

Memberships

Mr. and Mrs. Harry L. Larson

Mr. and Mrs. Jack G Robinson Dr. and Mrs. Mark G. Schwei Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Stahley Mr. and Mrs. Robert Steiner Lucien Swerdloff Les & Heather Turner Mr. and Mrs. Andrew C. Vanderplaat

Increased Memberships

Mr. and Mrs. Jim Strickland Mr. OmarM. Susewind

Mr. Charles Blight Mr. John Craddock Mr. Del Heiner Mr. James Maltby Ms. Joan Masat Mr. Clayton Naset Mr. Joshua Smith Ms. Patricia Smith Mr. Tom Sutherland

Mr. and Mrs. R J. Comstock Navigator

Mr. Mike John stun

New Members

Mr. Arne Jylha Boatswain

Mr. and Mrs. Samuel E. Johnson

Dr. and Mrs. David I. Williams

Library Cataloging

Lee Caldwell & Family

Mr. and Mrs. Byron Broms

Mr. and Mrs. Ward V. Cook

VADM James C. Card

Mr. Daniel Van Dusen

January 1, 1998 May 31, 1998

Mr. and Mrs. Fred W. Korhonen

Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Lee Mrs. Dorothy R. Mickelson Mr. and Mrs. Ed O'Brian Mr. and Mrs. Bob Perry Mr. & Mrs. Robert H. Richardson Pilot

Mr and Mrs. Fred W. Fields

Mr. and Mrs. Michael Jacobi Mr. Jon Kearney

Mr. and Mrs. James Hope Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Knutsen Mr. and Mrs. Don E Link Mr and Mrs. J.R. Thompson Robert H. Smith

Mr and Mrs. Jon Chambreau Mr. and Mrs. Erland Fahlstrom Mrs. Nancy L. Grimberg Mrs. Donna M Gustafson Mr. and Mrs. Donald Helligso Mr. and Mrs. Eldon E. Korpela Mr. Walter Larson Mr. Allan Maki

Mrs Betty Korpela Mr. and Mrs Willard H Kraker

Qu a rte rdec k, Vol. 2 4 , No 2

Mr. and Mrs Harry L. Larson

Mr. and Mrs. Einor J. Long Ms. Ida Long

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph E. Bakkensen Mr. and Mrs. Jack Brown

Mrs Vernon 'Curley' A. Larson Mrs. Lucille Perkins

Mr and Mrs Ernest J. Barrows

Mrs. Pauline Friedrich Mestrich Chet Gilroy

Mr. and Mrs. Donald Magnusen Kermit Gimre

Mr. Donald V. Riswick Dr. Tohn McLoughlin

Mr. Frank Warren

May Nock

Ms. Vivienne Snow

Anita Everson

George Siolund

Mr. and Mrs. J W. Forrester Jr. Mrs. Donna M. Gustafson

Mr. and Mrs. Robert C. Thompsen Mr. and Mrs. Thomas L. Wakefield

Howard Gust Wakkila Mr. and Mrs. Donald R. Teppola In Honor of. Allen & Natalie Cellars' SO!ll Anniversary

F.J. Friedrich & Family

Mr. and Mrs. David C. Meyer

Mrs. June Spence

Mr. and Mrs. Robley L. Mangold

Mr. and Mrs. George Moskovita Mr. and Mrs. Grant Orr

Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Knutsen Dorothy Kuratli

Mr. and Mrs. Lester D. Nielsen Mr. John Nordgren

Mr Elmer Raitanen Mrs. June Spence Mr. Gordon Wolfgram Capt. Ed Quinn Capt. & Mrs. Joseph Bruneau Edythe Rogers

Ms Susan Monti

Mr. and Mrs. Ken Thompson

Gladys Haglund Duncan

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Mestrich

Mr. Ed Lundholm Irene Salsberry Ms. Dorothy Gabol Daphne Scott

Mr. Donald V. Riswick

Mr. and Mrs. Graham J. Barbey Mr and Mrs. Robert Erickson Mrs. Lucille Perkins

Dr. and Mrs. David I. Williams Paul Hakanson

Mr and Mrs. John B Souther Tames Lipscomb

Phillip Pinkstaff

Mrs . Gail Schultz

Mr. and Mrs. Mervin Andersen

Mrs. Nora Johnson

Mrs. Sarah L. Trullinger

Dr. and Mrs. David I. Williams

Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Knutsen Mr. and Mrs. George Moskovita Roy H. Salmi

Dr. and Mrs. Richard Kettelkamp

Mrs. Marcella L. Hatch

Mrs Lucille Perkins

Mr. and Mrs. Robert W. Coffin Hillsboro Public Library Friends Mr. and Mrs. John S Hopkins Mr. and Mrs Ronald Hubbard ILWU Local #8

Dr. and Mrs. David I. Williams

Mr. Melvin H. lverson

Capt. & Mrs. Joseph Bruneau

Ruth Hill

Mr. and Mrs. Elroy G Schindler

Mr. and Mrs. Ernest J. Barrows Harold 'Take' Tacob

Mr. and Mrs. Michael Soderberg M r. a nd Mrs. Donald G Ziessler Agnes La,ndwehr

Mr. Jerry Ostermiller

Mr and Mrs. Robert Erickson

Mr. James F. Miller

Mr. and Mrs. Richard C. Tevis

.lack Dant (cont)

Mr. and Mrs. Nicholas D. Zafiratos

Dr. R.V. Friedrich

Mrs Frances M. Johnsrud

Columbia House Homeowners

Mr and Mrs. Roy D. Moultrie Mr. and Mrs. Ken Nordling

Donald Landwehr, Sr. Mr. Ed Lundholm

Mr and Mrs. Alan J Skille Dr. and Mrs. David I. Williams Donald Leslie Mr Melvin H. Iverson T. W. Lipscomb

Mr. and Mrs. Harry L. Larson

Joe Bilanko & Family

Mr. and Mrs John Bergquist Mr. Larry Clark

Mr. and Mrs. John L. Nielsen Rusty Urell

Mr. Melvin H. Iverson

Mr. and Mrs. Richard C. Tevis Mr. and Mrs James Durkheimer

Lois Nicolai Ducich

Mr. and Mrs. Ernest J. Barrows

Mr. and Mrs. Tom Boardman Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Kairala Ms. Sylvia Mowrey Roberta & Julia Riutta Ms. Patricia Struloeff Mr. Leland Westley Mr Gordon Wolfgram

Mr. and Mrs. William Perkins, Jr. Henry 'Hank' Kaufman

Conrad Petersen

Mr and Mrs. Charles Mestrich Edward F. Swanson

William Fornas

Mr. and Mrs. Donald G. Ziessler

Mr. Phil Nock

Onnie Silver

Ms . Catherine Miller

Mrs Freda Englund

COLUMBIA RIVER MARITIME MUSEUM

Mr. James MacGregor

Capt. & Mrs. Joseph Bruneau

Carl Hertig

Thelma Niskanen Mr Ed Lundholm

Mr and Mrs. Richard D. Johnson Mrs. Carol Nygaard Mr. and Mrs. Grant Orr Mrs. June Spence Paul Tolonen

15

Mrs. Dorothy Labiske

Mr. George Blinco Capt. Ken McAlpin

Mr. Gordon Childs

Mr. and Mrs. Hugh A. Seppa

Mr. and Mrs. Baxter D. Wilson

Mr. and Mrs. Charles R. Wilson Tordis Tetli

Millie Edison

Mr. and Mrs. Merrill Ginn Helen Heisler

Capt. & Mrs Joseph Bruneau Tune Palo McLennan

Chief Warrant Officer Paul Bellona (National Motor Lifeboat School), Commander John Yost (USCGC Steadfast), Commander Tedric Lindstrom (USCGC Alert), and representatives of U.S. Senator Ron Wyden and Representative Elizabeth Furse.

Non-profit Organization U.S. POSTAGE PAID Astoria, Oregon Permit No. 328

ADDRESS CORRECTION REQUESTED FORWARDING & RETURN POSTAGE GUARANTEED

Vice-Admiral James Card gives Director Jerry Ostermiller the Meritorious Public Service Award

On April 17th, Executive Director Jerry L. Ostermiller received one of the highest awards given to a civilian by the U.S. Coast Guard, the Meritorious Public Service Award. In a ceremony at the Museum, Mr. Ostermiller was honored for his "outstanding dedication and professional competence while advancing public awareness of the history and missions of the U.S. Coast Guard." Pacific Area Commander Vice-Admiral James Card presented the prestigious medal at a surprise award luncheon, also attended by Rear Admiral J. David Spade (13th District), Captain Gary Blore (Air Station Astoria),

COLUMBIA RIVER MARITIME MUSEUM 1792 MARINE DRIVE ASTORIA, OREGON 97103

Prestigious U.S. Coast Guard Award Surprises Director

Issuu converts static files into: digital portfolios, online yearbooks, online catalogs, digital photo albums and more. Sign up and create your flipbook.