Autumn 1989 Year of the Fisherman

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Autumn 1989

A review and newsletter from the Columbia River Maritime Museum at 1792 Marine Drive in Astoria, Oregon

Dave Green, CRMM Shipwright


Gillnetter Projects Bristol Bay Reunion Boats by Louderback

pg.6 pg.8 pg.9

from the Wheelhouse . For many of you the Quarterdeck Review is an old friend and a welcome acquaintance. Over the years it has served the Columbia River Maritime Museum well with its excellent technical articles, membership information and fine historical photographs. When Lynne and I first moved to Astoria in December of 1988, and were just beginning our familiarization with the Museum, we were not only impressed with the publication but also gained great insight about this institution through reading the entire QDR collection . Now that I have had some time to adjust and learn a few of the ropes, perhaps it is time to see if the Quarterdeck Review can expand its horizons. To accomplish this mission I will need your help. Although I can offer you the point of beginning, your comments and observations are needed. As you will see, I have made a few changes beginning with this issue. First this issue has been expanded, both in the number of pages and in content. The typeface has been changed to make it easier to read and we have shifted to a three column format from the two column layout of the past (three columns adds greatly to our layout flexibility). I have also streamlined it a bit, simply calling it The Quarterdeck, hopefully more friendly and less formal. However, the most significant change will be found internally. Beginning with this issue, the staff involvement has been greatly expanded. We now have a publication team, as reflected in our masthead, which will surely result in a noticeable broadening in both scope and content. I am certain that you will find the following articles by our Museum staff interesting, informative and hopefully, satisfying. In this issue we celebrate the Columbia River Maritime Museum's 1989 focus by proclaiming "The Year of the Fisherman." Hobe Kytr, our Education Specialist, has submitted two articles, one regarding the Museum's very successful Columbia River Sailing Gillnetter Project, and the other item about the Bristol Bay Reunion. Bruce Weilepp, previously Assistant Curator who resigned recently to pursue other interests, provided us with an historical overview of the Louderback boat builders of Willapa Bay. We have also featured an inside tour of our Naval History Gallery through the 2

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eyes of Michael McCusker, a member of our Admissions Staff. Mike chose this topic in recognition of the 50th anniversary of WW-II, in honor of having FourStar Admiral David Jeremiah as our featured speaker for the Annual Meeting, and in celebration of our new exhibit, the builder's model of the Star of Oregon. Finally, I would like to share with you my enthusiasm for the future of this outstanding institution. The next few years should certainly be exciting ones. Although now is a time of transition, we are currently setting the stage for an expansion of programs, facilities, talent and most importantly, ideas. Once again, please share with us your ideas and suggestions. The Columbia River Maritime Museum is here for you, I welcome your comments. -Jerry L. Ostermiller Executive Director


No. 1

The QUARTERDECK is published four times a year by the Columbia River Maritime Museum, 1792 Marine Dr, Astoria, OR 97103. Jerry L. Ostermiller, Editor. Editorial Staff: Larry Gilmore, Hobe Kytr, Michael Paul McCusker, Rachel Wynne. Photo Credits: Bill Wagner, pages 1, 6 (courtesy of the Longview Daily News) . Kent Kerr, page 8 (courtesy of the Daily Astorian). Andrew Cier, pages 4, 5, 7, 12. CRMM archives, pages 6, 8, 9. Printed at Anchor Graphics, Astoria, Oregon

Voyage of the Lightship Columbia The Lightship Columbia (WLV 604) has been retired from its duties at the mouth of the Columbia River for ten years now, the last of its kind on the Pacific Coast. It has spent most of its retirement as the largest and one of the most popular exhibits of the Columbia River Maritime Museum. On July 5, for the third time since the museum acquired it, Columbia slipped its moorings at the 17th Street Pier in Astoria and dieseled upriver to Portland to show the CRMM flag. Some 3000 visitors were given tours of the lightship the five days it was in Portland, and about 600 came aboard when Columbia stopped for two days at Longview, Washington on its way back downriver. Lightship keeper Kevin Violette said the trip to Portland and Longview was the most successful and best organized of Columbia's visits upriver. "This was the first time we gave guided tours, he said. "We had excellent guides, both staff and volunteers. It was good to watch museum employees and volnnteers work together as a crew. It might sound trite to say we were all in the same boat, but that was the truth.'' Before returning to its pier at CRMM on July 14, Columbia stood off Fort Stevens at the mouth of the river and fired at the fort for the first time since World War 2. This time the ammunition was confetti instead of the real stuff a Japanese submarine unsuccessfully attempted to hit it with in 1942. Two months later on September 13, CRMM received word that Columbia has been designated a national historical landmark. 11

Helping Visitors Make a Day of It

What we are learning from talking with visitors and their comments in our guest log is why people come to the museum, what they expect, and how the museum satisfies their interest.

Auxiliary ''Floats'' New Project

Frankye Thompson, with the generous help of Eldon Korpela and Ray Mundo, enlisted the help of over 25 volunteers who, together, handcrafted stunning photo sculptures from cedar cork floats . The floats were first presented for sale at the August Regatta, and are now available in the Museum Store. Each piece is a rich and unique treasure from our Pacific Northwest maritime history . Quarterdeck

Building on the sound foundation of quality that the galleries provide, we are learning how to shuttle visitors' curiosity from a tour of the Columbia Lightship to the boat shop and back to the museum for a live demonstration or video presentation in order to keep their interest level high. The boarding passes that were introduced this spring dovetail nicely in that they provide a user-friendly system whereby visitors can freely come and go from the various CRMM attractions and generally "make a day of it. II Our inquiries into what it is that the public wants have shown that CRMM cannot afford a "take it or leave it" attitude regardless of the qualify of its collections. We rely heavily on the power of word of mouth advertising, and though visitors may be impressed with the galleries and displays, more often than not it is the personal attention they receive from the staff and volunteers that prompts them to recommend CRMM to others . Our museum can seem formidable to the first-time visitor, and while it has been proven that CRMM can care for its collections, in the coming years we must show that we can provide visitors with a sense of place and a feel for maritime history as it pertains to them .

The pie chart shown was prepared using statistics of daily attendance through the summer. Almost 43,000 people visited CRMM from Memorial Day to Labor Day: 9,830 in June; 16,913 in July; and 16,214 in August-a total for the summer of 42,957 . Adults between 18 and 65 years of age made up the largest percentage of visitors, 71.2%, followed by seniors (65 + ), 12.2%, youth (6-18), 8.9%, and 7.78% were in tour groups . - Tracy R. Sund Visitor Services Manager


Lady Washington Crosses the Bar Captain Robert Gray's ship the Lady Washington crossed the bar into the Columbia River with all sails up and a huge 13-stars and stripes banner whipping in a late summer afternoon wind. The year might have been 1788, just after Gray sailed the Lady Washington into Tillamook Bay, the first American ship to find the coast of the Pacific Northwest. But Gray missed the Columbia that year. He claimed discovery of the river four years later, on May 11, 1792, in another ship, the Columbia Redeviva. The Lady Washington finally crossed the Columbia River Bar 201 years after passing it by, in September 1989. This, however, was a new Lady Washington, built and launched this past spring at Gray's Harbor, Washington. The full-sized replica of the Lady Washington was built to commemorate both Washington State's centennial this year and Gray's first voyage to the Northwest . The new Lady was launched in March and practically circumnavigated Puget Sound on its maiden voyage

in May and June. Its second voyage was to the Columbia River and the Maritime Museum, where it spent three days, September 7, 8 and 9, taking aboard a large flow of visitors before going upriver to Portland, Oregon and Vancouver, Washington. The purpose of these ''voyages of rediscovery'' is to increase public awareness of Washington's maritime history during this centennial year and to raise money through tours of the ship for development of a seaport complex in Aberdeen that will include a maritime museum and a possible full-scale replica of Gray's more renowned ship, the Columbia Redeviva. Two CRMM staff were aboard the Lady Washington for the voyage from Gray's Harbor to the Columbia River, Exhibits Specialist Hampton Scudder and Columbia Lightshipkeeper Kevin Violette. CRMM Director Jerry Ostermiller, Education Director Hobe Kytr and Giftshop Assistant Manager Rachel Wynne rode the vessel upriver to St. Helens. 3

20 mm gun guards the bridge of the World War 2 destroyer, U .S.S. Knapp, centerpiece of the Museum's Naval History Gallery.

Naval History Gallery: Take Another Look The fiftieth anniversary of the beginning of World War 2 is being commemorated at the Columbia River Maritime Museum by the visit of Admiral David E. Jeremiah, Commander in Chief of the U.S. Pacific Fleet. He will be keynote speaker at the museum's 1989 annual membership meeting September 30. The war began on September 1, 1939 when Nazi Germany attacked Poland. The United States entered the war two years later when Germany's ally Japan attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbor in December 1941. Though almost fatally unprepared at the beginning, the U.S . Navy emerged as the most powerful navy on earth when the war ended in 1945. The admiral's visit and the war's anniversary are good reasons to explore the Maritime Museum's Naval History Gallery. The centerpiece of the gallery is the steel bridge and pilothouse of a WW2 U.S. Navy destroyer that fought in the savage battles of the Pacific war against Japan, 1942-45. CRMM was built around this remnant of the USS Knapp. The gallery it commands is about U .S. Navy history from Revolutionary times through WW2. An introductory sign to the gallery defines the basic functions of all navies. They are: Deterring foreign 4

aggression; Defending friendly coasts and ships; Denying the use of the sea to enemies; and, Carrying war to hostile shores. Control of the seas, in particular, is the central doctrine of modern naval warfare, introduced to the U.S. Navy by Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan whose ideas were successfully launched against Spain's last colonies in 1898. The titanic World War 2 sea battles between the U.S. and · Japan in the Pacific, and the noquarter submarine wars of 1914-18 and 1939-45 in the North Atlantic were fought around this principle. The Naval History gallery fans out from the Knapp like ships in a convoy. Just forward of its bridge shield a twinmounted 20-mm anti-aircraft cannon points skyward in perpetual wait for Japanese warplanes. On the portside of the Knapp's bridge are handmade wood models by Fred S. Rice of two of the Navy's most famous ships, the early frigates Essex and Constitution. Essex was the first American naval ship to circumnavigate the earth, and during the War of 1812 destroyed Britain's Pacific whaling fleet. Constitution, the immortal "Old Ironsides," is the oldest American naval vessel in active commission. Paintings of Constitution in battle and in review, and a photograph of its visit to Astoria in the 1930s, are on the wall opposite the model.

In a corner of Lhe gallery is a model by CRMM founder Rolf Klep of the WW2 heavy cruiser Astoria, which was sunk by Japanese ships off Guadalcanal one August night in 1942 with three other allied cruisers. Above the model is a diagram showing where each Japanese shell struck the Astoria. A couple of years ago a man brought his five sons into the museum, one of them a former naval pilot in Vietnam, to show them his old ship Astoria. This past August, 47 years after their ship was sunk, Astoria survivors held a reunion and made a pilgrimage to CRMM to pay homage to Klep's model. A fleet of ship models off the Knapp's starboard bow are all WW2 vintage. One of them, the U.S. destroyer Reuben fames, is usually considered the first American naval vessel sunk in the war (though the gunboat Panay, sunk in China by Japanese air attack in 1937, might also have a claim). Reuben fames was torpedoed by a Navy U-boat while escorting a convoy of cargo ships to England two months before Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in December 1941. Its loss characterized the grim six-year battle to maintain English and Russian ocean supply lines against attacking German submarines. Thousands of ships and lives were lost, and for a perilous time U-boats sank allied cargo ships

faster than they could be replaced . In response, American shipyards revolutionized shipbuilding, particularly the Kaiser yards on the Pacific coast. By war's end, the Kaiser shipyards in Portland, Oregon and Vancouver, Washington, were producing their famous ''Liberty" and "Victory" ships one a day . A fine example of a WW2 Liberty ship is the Star of Oregon, which was built in Portland and launched in September 1941. It was the second Liberty launched, the first on the west coast. A year later, on August 30, 1942, a Nazi submarine sent it to the bottom of the Caribbean as it was returning to the U.S. from its maiden voyage to the Persian Gulf. A builder's model of the Star of Oregon has just been placed on temporary display in CRMM's Great Hall, thanks to the generous donation of J.R. Dant and Thomas J. White. The Kaiser yards on the Columbia River also built warships, one of which

was the escort aircraft carrier Gambier Bay. The model of Gambier Bay was built from scratch by two Beaverton, Oregon dentists and CRMM members, Nick Marineau and Robert Norgren, who singly or together made most of the ship models in the Naval History Gallery, including a magnificent scale replica of the battleship Oregon (Marineau). The real Gambier Bay was built upriver in the Kaiser shipyards and was commissioned in Astoria, as were many Kaiser-built ships. Escort carriers like the Gambier Bay were constructed in support of amphibious operations in the Pacific or against U-boats in the North Atlantic . A popular name for them was "Kaiser Koffins," which many became. The Gambier Bay has the unfortunate distinction of being the only American aircraft carrier sunk by surface fire. It was shot to pieces by Japanese battleships and cruisers at the battle for Leyte Gulf in late October 1944, which was the


Liberty Ship Star of Oregon Built by the Oregon Shipbuilding Corporation, Portland, and named after the first ship built in the Oregon territory, the Star of Oregon was launched Sept. 27, 1941, the first Liberty ship on the West Coast and the second overall. The government assigned her to the States Steamship Co. of Portland for operation. Her maiden voyage was to the Persian Gulf with a cargo of locomotives bound for the Soviet Union. On her return voyage, with manganese ore from South Africa, she was sunk by torpedo and gunfire from the German submarine U-162 . Survivors were rescued the next day by a Coast Guard patrol boat. George Buckler, whose firm made the Star of Oregon's joinery, ordered the model for his office while the ship was being built. Due to wartime production shortages, the Star of Oregon actually went to sea without the 20-mm anti-aircraft guns shown on the model, which depicts her designated armament rather than final construction detail. Made in 1941 by Technical Model Service of Vineyard Haven, Massachusetts, the model was donated by J.R. Dant and Thomas J. White.


largest naval battle in history and ended with the final destruction of the Japanese Navy - a spectacular victory for the U .S. despite heavy losses and serious blunders . Survivors of the Gambier Bay met at CRMM last year and saluted Marineau and Norgren for their prizewinning model. The United States emerged from WW2 with the most powerful navy in history. It had fought and was victorious in two oceans, each of which could be considered a separate war. Only recently in the growing strength and presence of the Soviet Navy has the USN been seriously challenged in the almost half-century since the end of WW2. The U.S. Navy of today, with its nuclear submarines and ICBM missiles, makes the WW2 navy seem primitive . The huge floating machines that defeated the Japanese Navy and helped drive Germany out of the Atlantic Ocean hardly inspire the terror or awe of half a century ago . -Michael Paul McCusker

CRMM Welcomes Admiral Jeremiah As Commander and Chief of the U .S. Pacific Fleet, Admiral David E. Jeremiah has inherited Nimitz's old job at Pearl Harbor. He received his fourth star and appointment as CINCPAC in September 1987. Admiral Jeremiah is a native of Portland, Oregon, and his brother Dwayne lives in Astoria. He is a graduate of the University of Oregon and received his naval commission through Officer Candidate School in 1956. For ten years he served on destroyers, which included Vietnam duty, and became commander of a destroyer squadron. While commanding Cruiser/Destroyer Group 8 in the Mediterranean he directed the capture of an Egyptian airliner carrying the highjackers of the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro in 1986. Also that year he was battle force commander during freedom of navigation operations in the Gulf of Sidra which resulted in the sinking of two Libyan warships and destruction of an anti-air missile site. Admiral Jeremiah's visit to the Columbia River Maritime Museum at its annual membership meeting September 30 is incidentally the second anniversary of his appointment as the 22nd Commander in Chief of the Pacific Fleet.


Gillnet boats and oyster sloops race at Astoria Regatta, ca. 1900.

Recent Projects Uphold Fishing Traditions In many ways this has been the year of the fisherman at the Columbia River Maritime Museum. Last Fall work began in earnest on an oral history project among commercial fishermen of the lower Columbia. Undertaken as a joint project with Oregon Sea Grant, the archives of the Gillnetter Oral History Project have been deposited with the Museum. A slide-tape program entitled, "Work ls Our Joy: the Story of the Columbia River Gillnetters," is nearing completion. Larry Johnson of Portland, who has won recognition for his work on "Remembering Uniontown" and "Steam Whistle Logging" for the Clatsop County Historical Society, is the technical producer for the project. Irene Martin,

who recently completed cataloguing the CRPA Bumble Bee Seafoods Archives for the Museum, is the script writer. County Marine Extension Agent Jim Bergeron for Oregon Sea Granl arnl E<lucaliu11 Coordinator Hobe Kytr for the Museum round out the nucleus of the group working on the project. In March construction began on a replica of a turn-of-the-century Columbia River sailing gillnet boat at the Museum Boatshop, located at the old Burlington Northern Depot three blocks east of the Museum. A cooperative effort with Astoria community members, that project also is nearing completion. The double-ended sailing gillnet boat of the Columbia River is believed to be one of

Dave Green and Ron Baldwin steambending oak frames at CRMM boatshop at the old Burlington-Northern railroad depot in Astoria.


the few small craft developed entirely on the West Coast. It gave rise to a distinct type of fishing boat in use from California to Alaska, commonly referred to as Llie Cul um Lia River Luat. Shipwright Dave Green, assisted by master carpenter Ron Baldwin, and with additional help from Leonard Vernon and Mike Soderberg, has succeeded in turning what was once the workhorse of the Columbia River into a thing of substantial beauty. Built out of white oak frames and Port Orford cedar planking, this carvel-built fishboat has generated considerable interest among the fishermen of the community and the casual visitor alike. Soderberg, a fourth generation Astoria gillnetter whose grandfather fished under sail in this type of boat, is often credited with coming up with the idea for the replica while attending a course taught by former Education Coordinator Richard Fencsak. After considerable investment of time, effort, and emotion, he is about to see his dream come true. The design for the sailing gillnet boat was the result of extensive research by former Associate Curator Bruce Weilepp, in coordination with naval architect Freddryck Barfuet. Specifics for the design are largely based on a set of molded lines drawn by Victor C. Carlson for a boat he built in Alderbrook around 1900. Major funding for the project was provided by the Ben G. Cheney Foundation, Englund Marine Supply, the William G. Gilmore Fund of the Oregon Community Foundation, and US West Communications. -Hobe Kytr

Boat Takes Shape CRMM plans to launch its full-sized 26-foot replica of a Columbia River gillnet sailing boat in October. These photographs were taken in the CRMM boatshop by staff photographer Andrew Cier in September. The photo at right is of the boat's stern; the photo below is a closeup of the stern's inner ribs. The bottom photo was taken from near the bow.



New Members, Increased Support(*), January 1 -June 30, 1989 CORPORATE STEWARD

Stanley B. Rose Co. LIFE

Rod Gramson PILOT

Mr. &. Mrs . Allen V. Cellars Mr. &. Mrs. Jason A. Hervin* SUSTAINING

Astoria Flight Center, Inc. Mr. &. Mrs . Franklin G. Drake Dutch Cup Restaurant* Haglund &. Kirtley Hauer's Cyclery, Inc.* William H . Hunt Capt . &. Mrs. James Lessard* International Longshoremen's &. Warehousemen's Union, Local 21 Mr. &. Mrs . Edwin Luoma Dr . &. Mrs . Keith D. McMilan* Daniel C. Meyer The Ship Inn* SUPPORTING


Mrs. Holt W. Berni* Bill's Tavern, Inc.* Michael A. Burkholder Mr. &. Mrs. Robert Chopping* Dr. Robert J. Demuth Mr. &. Mrs. William S. Hartley Peyton Hawes Historical Tours of Astoria* Hughes Ransom Mortuary* Mr. &. Mrs. George A.D. Kerr* Samuel Lee* Mr. &. Mrs. Veikko A. Manners* Gertrude C. Marvin* Mr. &. Mrs . Gene C . Mason* Michael G. Meier Dorothy L. Millikan Mr. &. Mrs. Emery Neale Pier 11 Feed Store* Mr.&. Mrs. William Whitsell* FAMILY

Richard &. Sallie Adatto Mr. &. Mrs. Don Aten* Bob Baker* Mr. &. Mrs. Henry Balensifer* Mr. &. Mrs. Paul F. Barnum Mr. &. Mrs . William B. Barrons Mr. &. Mrs. William H. Bishop* Mr. &. Mrs. George W . Blinco Mr. &. Mrs. Robert F. Brockey* Mr. &. Mrs. Don Budde Mr.&. Mrs. Randy Bushnell* Mr. &. Mrs . Donald Cassady* Mr. &. Mrs . Don Chalmers* Mr. &. Mrs . Kenneth Chapman* Mr . &. Mrs. Dale Curry* Mr. &. Mrs. Max Darnielle Ken &. Sali Doctor Mr. &. Mrs. Stephen B. Dudley* Mr . &. Mrs. Roy A. Duoos* Mr . &. Mrs . Trygve Duoos* Mr. &. Mrs . Toby Dyal* Mr . &. Mrs. James Dybvik* Mr. &. Mrs. Harry Easley* Mr . &. Mrs . Brigido Edudrdo


Mr. &. Mrs. Donald L. Erickson* Mr. &. Mrs. Mark Fick Mr. &. Mrs. Steve Forrester Mr. &. Mrs. Robert E. Frame* Mr.&. Mrs . Walter 0. Fransen* Mr. &. Mrs. Ronald A. Funk* Roger Gilbert Mr. &. Mrs. Don Glenz* Mr. &. Mrs. Richard Green* Mr.&. Mrs . Charles W. Haglund* Mr. &. Mrs. Billy E. Hall* Mr. &. Mrs. Michael D. Harmon Capt. &. Mrs. Eugene Harrower* U.S. Senator Mark 0. Hatfield Mr. &. Mrs. Edwin N. Hendrickson* Mr.&. Mrs. Joseph M. Herman* Mr. &. Mrs. Donald Huber Mr. &. Mrs. Michael Jacobi* Mr . &. Mrs. Jim Jarvis* Mr. &. Mrs . Carl A. Johnson* Mr . &. Mrs. Victor Jorgensen* Mr. &. Mrs. John Kalander* Lt . &. Mrs . Donald J. Keigher, USNR-ret. * Mr . &. Mrs . Robert E. Kelley* Mr. &. Mrs . Richard Kinney Mr. &. Mrs. Robert R. Kuske* Hobe &. Gina Kytr* Mr. &. Mrs. Roland Larson• Mr. &. Mrs. Paul Leach Mr. &. Mrs. Jim Lowe James Lucas Mr. &. Mrs. John Lum Mr. &. Mrs . Kenneth Lundgren Mr. &. Mrs. Warfield Martin Mr. &. Mrs. John Mazur Mr. &. Mrs. W.F. McGregor* Mr. Walter McManis Mr. &. Mrs. Daniel McMurrick

Mr. &. Mrs. John Mewha * Mr. &. Mrs. W.J. Moisio Barbara Munro Mr. &. Mrs. Walter E. Naylor John S. Nemnich Mr. &. Mrs. Arvid North* Mr. &. Mrs. James O'Connor* Mr. &. Mrs. Edwin Olsen* Susan H. O'Neal * Mr. &. Mrs . Duane Patching Penttila's Chapel by the Sea Mr. &. Mrs . E.B. Post* James B. Race* Mr. &. Mrs . Paul Radu * Mr. &. Mrs. Michael Ramsdell* Dr. Eric Rehorst* Mr. &. Mrs. C.W. Richen* Mr. &. Mrs . Norman Ritter* Lt. &. Mrs. Craig V. Sattergren Mr . &. Mrs. Walter E. Shaffer Mr. &. Mrs . Bill Skipworth* Mr . &. Mrs . Truman E. Slotte Dr. &. Mrs. Raynor Smith* Mr. &. Mrs . Harold H. Snow* Dr. &. Mrs. A.A. Straumfjord * Mr. &. Mrs . Arthur Stromsness* Nelson &. Jacqueline Taylor* Mr. &. Mrs. Thornton Thomas Mr. &. Mrs . Frank M . Thorsness Mr. &. Mrs. Homer V. Tunks* Craig &. Jan Tutor Mr. &. Mrs . William L. Vernon* Adele Wagner Mr. Frank Walker* Mr. &. Mrs . Bill Wallace* Ken &. Sharon Ward Mr.&. Mrs. John R. Warila* James Seeley White John F. Williamson Mr.&. Mrs . Lane R. Wintermute*

Mr. &. Mrs. Lyle D . Wolford* Edward&. Susan Wortman INDIVIDUAL

Katie Bass Gaylen C. Blackford June S. Cook Jean B. Coughlin Jim Dennon Elmer Engman Carolyn Espinoza Thomas R. Fine Gene R. Fosheim Marty Giles Fred W. Grotjahn, Jr. Jenny Holyoak Paul Howard Clara B. Johnson A. Orlo Johnson Janet Allen Keim Kenin Kelly Florence Lindgren Carl Marrs Roy L. McDonald David Milholland Chris Mullen Geoffrey Naab Sherron D . Norleen Old Idaho Penitentiary (Staff &. Volunteers) Rodney Peterson Alan D . Robitsch Marisa Rogoway Myrna Saye Phil Wagoner Carl Weber Richard E. Wells Wanda Wetherill

Memorial Donations, January 1 - June 30, 1989 ELIZABETH AASE

Mrs. Nora Bue Mr. &. Mrs . Trygve Duoos Mr. &. Mrs . George C . Fulton V.S . Lawrence Mr. &. Mrs. R.A. Mund

ARvrn A.


Fred &. Juanita Jensen


Mr. &. Mrs . Harrison Greenough CLARENCE CONRAD

Mr. &. Mrs. Arthur L. Smith EARL



Fernhill Progressive



Mr. &. Mrs. Harold J. Holmes

Mr. &. Mrs . Richard Barber Mr . David Fastabend Mrs. John Palo


Mr. &. Mrs. Edwin Bakanen Mr. &. Mrs. Robert J. Phillips


Mr. Peter J. Brix DONALD H . BATES

Mr. &. Mrs. David C. Meyer



Mrs . Dorothea J. Handran 'PAT 1 BLACK

Mr. &. Mrs. Wesley J. Anderson




Mr. &. Mrs. Dan Thiel HELEN BLOMQUIST

Mr. &. Mrs. Donald A. Kessler



Mrs. Gladys Duncan Mr. &. Mrs. Carl Labiske Mr. &. Mrs . Jay Westerholm

Mr. &. Mrs. David C. Meyer


Mr. &. Mrs . Thomas E. Edison Mr. &. Mrs. Arthur E. Johanson Ms. Clara B. Johnson Mr. &. Mrs . Richard D . Johnson Mr. &. Mrs. Gilbert V. Kamara Ms. Patricia Kivisto Mr. &. Mrs. Eugene Knutsen Mrs . Vivian Lahti Mr. &. Mrs. Howard Lovvold Mr. &. Mrs. Veikko A. Manners Mr. &. Mrs. R.A. Mund Mr. &. Mrs. Martin Nygaard Mrs. John Palo Mr. &. Mrs . John Price Ms. Arleen Seeley Mr. &. Mrs. George Siverson Mr. &. Mrs. John Supple Mr . &. Mrs. Chris Thompsom Mr. &. Mrs. Ronald Trout CECIL



Mr. &. Mrs. Paul Stangeland MARGARETE. GREEN

Mr. &. Mrs. Theodore T. Bugas Mr. &. Mrs. Allen V. Cellars




Capt. Joseph Bruneau OLGA HENNINGSEN

Mr. & Mrs. Trygve Duoos Mr. & Mrs. George Fulton Mrs. Jordis Tetli LESLIE ANN HICKS

Mr. & Mrs. Harold J. Holmes Ms. Lola M. Swanson HAROLD A. HOFF

Mr. & Mrs. Trygve Duoos Mrs. Elsie Jarvinen Mr. & Mrs. Clayton Johnson Mr. & Mrs. Al L'Amie Mrs. Clyde E. McIntyre Mrs. J. Hope Moberg Dr. Harvey C. Rones Mrs. Jordis Tetli ELLIOTT ERLE HURD

Mr. & Mrs. K.E. Wrenn WILMA JENSEN

Mr. & Mrs. Jim Fitcha Mrs. Thelma Fitcha BRIAN


Astoria Marine Construction Co. Mr. & Mrs. Carl Binder, Jr. Mr. & Mrs. Walter A. Bolton, Jr. Mrs. Nora S. Bue Mr. & Mrs. Henry L. Cadonau Columbia River Bar Pilots Mr. & Mrs. Alf E. Dahl Capt. & Mrs. Dale A. Dickinson Mr. & Mrs. Clarence Dreyer Judie Dreyer Mr. & Mrs . Trygve Duoos Mr. & Mrs. Jon Englund Mr. & Mrs. Donald F. Fastabend Mr. & Mrs. Heinz J. Fick Mrs. Louise Fremstad Mr. & Mrs. George C. Fulton Ms. Shirley Gash Mr. & Mrs. Frank Glenn Mr. & Mrs. James Henderson Mr. & Mrs. Allan Henon Mr. & Mrs. James Hill Mr. & Mrs. Harold J. Holmes Mr. David Hoyer Mrs. Hannah Isaacson Ms. Cketa M. Jacoby Mrs. Agnes M. Jeppesen Ms. Olive A. Johnson Mrs. Ragnar 0 . Johnson Mr. & Mrs. Mike Jones Mr. & Mrs. Eugene Knutsen Miss Helen E. Koski Mr. A.J. L'Amie Mr. & Mrs. Harvey Larson Mr. & Mrs. Roland E. Larson Mr. & Mrs. Jerry Lebo Ms . Glenna L. Leino Mr. & Mrs . Robert S. Lovell Ms. Barbara Mahnke Mr. & Mrs. Veikko A. Manners Capt. & Mrs. Kenneth McA!pin Mr. & Mrs. R.G. McDowell Mr. Charles E. Miller Mr. & Mrs. George Moskovita Dr. & Mrs. Robert D. Neikes


Neimi Oil Company Mr. & Mrs. Armas E. Niskanen Mr. & Mrs. G.D. Norman Mrs. Carol Nygaard Ochoco Lumber Company Mr. & Mrs. Willaum Orr Ms . Ellen M. Peterson Mr. Mark A. Pollard Ms. Mary Lynn Schmand Mr. & Mrs. Hugh A. Seppa Mr. & Mrs. John Sheik Mr. & Mrs. Jack Smethurst Mrs. Jordis Tetli Mr. & Mrs. Dan Thiel US National Bank Mr. Jerry H. Walling Mrs. F.A. Westman Mr. & Mrs. Gene Whitten Mrs. Pearl L. Young JACK KUSSMAN

Mr. & Mrs. Alan Ahola Mr. Joe Bradshaw Mr. & Mrs . Pat Cammack Chris's News Mr. & Mrs. Trygve Duoos Mr. & Mrs. Gerald Glein Mr. Tony Kuzamanich Mr. & Mrs. George Moskovita Mr. & Mrs. R.A. Mund Ms. Lillian Olson Mr. & Mrs. Harry Rehm Mr. & Mrs. Donald V. Riswick LETHA MAE LUDKE



Mr. Mr. Mr. Mr. Mr. Mr. Mr. Mr. Mr. Mr.

& Mrs. & Mrs. & Mrs. & Mrs. & Mrs. Tom L. & Mrs . & Mrs. & Mrs. & Mrs.




Rally Holwege Eldon Korpela Bill Meyer Lawrence Nelson Tom Nelson Nelson Arvi W. Ostrom Ed Thiringer James Wellborn Clare Woodard NIEMELA

Columbia River Fishermen's Protective Union HAROLD UNO NIEMI

Mr. & Mrs. Trygve Duoos Mrs. Emma B. Murray ROBERT NIMMO

Mr. Andrew D . Carlson Mr. & Mrs. Eugene Lowe Mr. & Mrs. K.E. Wrenn GEORGE



Mr. & Mrs . Trygve Duoos Mr. & Mrs. George C. Fulton Mr. & Mrs. Eugene Knutsen Mrs. Ralph Morrow Mrs. Jordis Tetli JOHN A. PALO

Mr. & Mrs. Robert E. Frame Mr. & Mrs. Richard B. Hansen


Mr. & Mrs. Charles E. Hansen



Mr. & Mrs. Eugene Knutsen Mr. Allan Maki

Mrs. Donna Hitchman Mrs. M.J. Mossman WENONA DYER MARTIN

Mr. & Mrs. Wesley J. Anderson Mr. & Mrs. Earl G. Galloway Ann Darby Hammond Mr. & Mrs. James W. Spencer



Capt. Joseph Bruneau SELMER A. RASMUSSEN

Mr. & Mrs. Trygve Duoos CORA RATHBUN

Mr. & Mrs. John S. McGowan HEDWIG 'HEDY' MATTILA

CDR. & Mrs . William M. Barney Capt . & Mrs. Dale A. Dickinson Durham & Bates Agencies, Inc. Mr. & Mrs. Eric A. Hauke, Sr. Mr. A.J. L'Amie Mr. & Mrs. Sigurd Lebeck Mrs. Bernice Mathre Mr. & Mrs. Eugene Mattila Dr. & Mrs. R.P. Moore Mr. & Mrs. Ragnar Norgaard Mr. & Mrs. John Piukkula Mr. Edwin W. Polkey Mr . Emil Riutta Mrs. Elsa Simonsen Mr. & Mrs. Gordon Wolfgram NORVILLE E. MAY

Mr. & Mrs . R.L. Hjorten Mr. & Mrs . James L. Hope EMIL J. NELSON

Historical Tours of Astoria Mr. & Mrs. Dick Taggesell JOHN



Fred & Juanita Jensen


Mr. & Mrs. Louis J. Kennedy, Jr. EDA HAUKE Ross

Mr. & Mrs. Graham J. Barbey Mr. & Mrs. Ernest E. Brown Dr. & Mrs. Charles W. Browning Ms. Kamara Carol Chase Mr. & Mrs. Robert Chopping Mrs. Vera Craig Mr. & Mrs. George Fulton Haskell & Perrin Mr. & Mrs. Gilbert V. Kamara Mr. & Mrs. William R. King Mr. & Mrs. Carl Labiske Capt. & Mrs. Kenneth McA!pin Mr. & Mrs. McGregor Mr. & Mrs. Paul Minnamon Mrs. J.E. Niemi Mr. & Mrs. Arvi W. Ostrom Mr. & Mrs. Charles E. Simpson Mr. & Mrs. George Siverson Mrs . Jordis Tetli Mr. & Mrs. Dick Thompson Mr. J. Dan Webster Yergen & Meyer


Carl & Betty Paronen William C. Perkins Mr. & Mrs. Matt Takko LEATRICE



Mr . & Mrs. Charles Boyce Mr. & Mrs. Robert T. Catlin LOUISE SHAW

Mr. & Mrs. Charles E. Hansen ROBERT



Mr. & Mrs. Ronald C. Honeyman EDWARD



Mr. & Mrs. Arthur E. Johanson Mr. & Mrs. Gunnar Johanson ELLEN



Mr. & Mrs. Roy Aspen Mrs. Ellen J. Brach Mrs. Vera Craig Mr. & Mrs. C. Ray Eskola Mrs. Laila S Ey Mrs. Irene A. Gunderson Mrs. Alice Harvey Mr. & Mrs. Henry N. Heilmann Mr. & Mrs. James Henderson Mr. & Mrs. O.A. Kiminki Mrs . Wm. Malmberg Mr. & Mrs. W.J. Moisio Velare D. Planting Ms. Ellen Peterson Mr. & Mrs. Eino Puusti Mrs. William Raihala Mr. & Mrs. Paul Tolonen Mr. & Mrs. Wayne Tolonen Mr. & Mrs. Ray E. Utter Mrs. Helen Utti Margery Warila HELEN WEBSTER

Mrs. Howard Anderson Mr. & Mrs. Victor Berger Mr. & Mrs. R. Dale Collins Columbia Chocolates by Morden Mr. & Mrs. Thomas E. Edison Mr. & Mrs. Charles Farmer Mr. & Mrs. J.W. Forrester, Jr. Mr. & Mrs. George C. Fulton Mr. Henry Galland Mr. Larry D. Gilmore Mrs. Ruth W. Heinemann Mrs. Francis Hoare Mr. & Mrs. Eugene E. Kent Mr. & Mrs. Carl Labiske Mr . & Mrs. Ronald L. Larsen Dr. & Mrs. Earl L. Lawson Capt. & Mrs. Kenneth McA!pin Mr. & Mrs. John McLaughlin Mrs. Ralph Morrow Pacific Power & Light Co. Mr. & Mrs. R.A. Mund Mr. & Mrs. John Reith Mrs. Frank E. Ross Dr. & Mrs. Juan Swain Mrs. George L. Taft Mr. & Mrs. Dick Thompson Mr. & Mrs. Graham E. Townsend Mr. & Mrs . James L. Welch




$5000 - Single Payment or Cumulative since 1962 LIFE MEMBER $50 per year STEWARD $1,000 per year □ SUPPORTING FAMILY $25 per year $500 per year SPONSOR □ INDIVIDUAL $15 per year PILOT $250 per year □ STUDENT $7.50 per year SUSTAINING $100 per year □


Mrs .


Mailing Address SPECIAL GIFTS


Anchor Graphics American Legion, Clatsop Post 12 Alfred & Elizabeth Berthelsen Astoria Lioness Cluh Englund Marine Supply Hauke's Markets IBM Edwin Luoma Robley L. Mangold KC's Mansion by the Sea David Myers Robert L. Myers Salmon For All North Coast Auto Service, Inc. Sons of Norway Louise R. Teather Thunderbird Seafare Restaurant Estate of Rose Tolonen U.S. National Bank U.S. West Communication Warrenton Radiator Works Wheeler Foundation Ethel M. Wicks



ISSN 0891-2661

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Volunteers Staff the Shop The museum points with pride to its outstanding retail staff. The backbone of the store's operation is, without a doubt, the eleven volunteers who work a three and a half hour shift weekly, plus two regular alternates. Mary Steinbock, in addition to working one morning each week, serves as Volunteer L:oordmator for the staff. Frankye Thompson, while serving as President of the Auxiliary this year, contributes her time regularly to the shop as well . Each staff member has at least one great story to tell of interesting or amusing encounters with visitors during our

busy summer season. After selling almost 2,000 siren whistles, giving directions, explaining exhibits, finding books that match specific interests, the staff is now well tuned and ready for fall. Be sure to visit the shop, or write us your specific requests. The staff is anx10us to show off new fall books, published for holiday needs, and new merchandise ranging from small inexpensive gifts, to elegant scrimshaw. Remember, when you support your museum shop, you support your museum. - Patricia Longnecker Museum Store Manager

Non-Profit Organization U.S. POSTAGE

PAID Astoria, Oregon Permit No. 209

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