Page 1

Student Hub Marina Panceri

DIA 2017/18 1st. supervisor Joris Fach 2nd. supervisor Roger Bundschuh


CONTENT

05

PARKING by Joris Fach

07

STUDENT HUB

11

STUDENT HOUSING: PAST AND PRESENT

15

STUDENT STATISTICS

25

CONTEXT ANALYSIS

37

SITE ANALYSIS

45

CONCEPT

57

DESIGN

74

BIBLIOGRAPHY

3


PARKING by Joris Fach The arguably most generic building typology of the 20th century, the parking garage, is underused. At least in European city centers these bare, threedimensional frameworks increasingly stay empty, while – paradoxically – curbsides are jam-packed with cars. Attracted by their prime locations we will adopt these concrete skeletons as site and framework for our architectural projects. We will explore their rigorous infrastructure, distill their qualities and shortcomings, negotiate standardized column grids and low ceilings, but also take advantage of multiple, readily available levels, above and below ground. Functionally speaking we will deliberately misinterpret the word parking and imbue our projects with the characteristics of public parks. Partly programmed and manicured, partly hard-wearing and uncontrolled we will develop spaces for communities that not only share interests, but are also willing to share facilities and services. Car parks will transform into office parks, botanical parks, , retail parks, leisure and amusement parks, reshaping their generic frameworks into specific nodes of the urban tapestry.

Parking

5


STUDENT HUB With the impacts of globalization, people are increasingly changing interests and opinions. As a result, cities’ functions and spaces are being modified. With the quick change in society, in regards to the way people are interacting, in other words, socializing, studying and working, the architectural feature of these living and communal spaces are quickly shifting through time, always trying to keep pace with the current society’s need. There are new hobbies, professions, sports, activities, trends… When it comes to the topic of living, specially, student housing, many living standards are applied, from the way the rooms are design, how many students they accommodate, if they are separated by gender and so on. However, Student Houses are also changing through the years, according to society and world’s needs. The new buildings of Student Houses are being designed with smaller rooms, to become cheaper and with sustainable strategies, reducing environmental impacts. The question that remains is: shouldn’t these accommodations also begin to be thought according to students’ new interests? In other words, the student housing should not be developed as a building itself, but as a space that really improves students’ lives. In parallel, parking garages have always been present through history, surpassing different times and needs in humanity, but differently than student houses, they always kept a similar program and physical structure. Nevertheless, through the years, these structures are becoming underused. In Berlin, capital and largest city of Germany, most of parking garages buildings are being used only by 20% of its actual area. This structure mainly composed by slabs, columns, beams and the required car spaces can be explored as site and scenario for interventions and creates the possibility of new program and new uses according to a community’s need. Looking through the lens of converting an existing parking garage into a new space for the city of Berlin, more specifically in the borough of Spandau, there is an underused garage on the boundary between the populated pedestrianized Old Town of Spandau and the noisy, heavy traffic Altstädter Ring street. This area has been growing outside the Old Town of Spandau, where many educational components have been installed around, such as the Music School and the ongoing construction of a small student housing, that will be the first in that district. Therefore, this building would perfectly fits a new accommodation for students in this area, although not only as a place to sleep, but also a new hub that students can study, communicate, exercise, live and connect with each other. Student Hub

7


This parking garage, directly facing a small stream of Havel river, today, is acting as physical barrier between the street and the natural element of the river and it’s greenish surroundings. Currently the best views of the river are being offered to the vehicles parked inside. Controversially, the worst is being offered to the pedestrians that walk behind the parking garage. The Old Town of Spandau has many streets that accommodate large public activities, such as the Christmas Market Halls, shows and more. Characterized by this public atmosphere, the Old Town of Spandau meets Altstädter Ring, the fully traffic packed street and right in-between these two locations, the parking garage is inserted, almost as a barrier between two realms, the calm pedestrian streets by the river, and the intense street dedicated to transport. Therefore, this offers an opportunity for a student hub that integrate and act as a transition between different urban conditions, while creating a continuous public space by the riverside for all the people that circulate in this area. This transition can also be brought to the inside of the building, giving continuity of common spaces into private ones. These new spaces should have a broader attention with students’ interests, considering that the immediate living environment have a significant impact on student’s life. They affect many aspects such as the student’s productivity, gratification with the academic life, and the improvement of social life. This spatial study aimed for students may be applied for the upcoming student houses and hopefully generating a new student housing typology. The outcome of the hub shall become a consonance between a body and a soul, in which the body is the existing building and the soul will become the student hub. First, regarding the body, the building dimensions and modularity will be analyzed in relation to student housing dimensions, to better understand how this new typology of student housing can be adapted to existing parking garages. The conversion of this parking garage building into a student house would socially activate the riverside, extending one of the main streets of Spandau’s Old Town and integrating the river with the city itself. It will also turn the river into a public-use feature and not only as a natural element that is present in there. For these public interactions with the river to occur, there is a need for the student housing not to only satisfy its primary need of accommodation students, but also to create communal spaces on the street level for an example, that will act as social connector with the other pedestrians that daily circulates by the riverside. These communal spaces should be designed in way that instead of acting as a barrier like the current condition of the parking garage does, being visually and physically connect with the whole urban and natural forms around it. Second, concerning the soul, surveys will be made aiming student’s preferences in an accommodation. Third, a reference image library will be gathered to showcase my personal approach, as a student, on how the student hub should be. Finally, a spatial study will be developed to dissect a student house from smaller to larger scales, such as the room’s furniture to communal areas. Taking these aspects into consideration, the opportunity that this underused parking garage in Spandau will offer for students, may shift the essence of the new student houses as well as the way students are living. 8

Student Hub


Student Hub

9


STUDENT HOUSING: PAST AND PRESENT In 1452, the first student‘s accommodation was created for poorer students in Oxford University, England. Since then, organized by monks, the accommodations had a system to separate students from the outside world. They had strict rules and dress codes, as well as “lights-out“ rules in the dorms. Eventually, restrictions loosened and posters and pin-ups became standard dorm decor. After the 1900s, women began to apply to student housing and be accepted. If the rules were strict with men, the guidelines for female students were worse. But students always tricked the system to socialize with themselves. After 1972, gradually, colleges began offering unisex residence halls, where men and women could mix in between themselves freely. In the year of 1980, the old dorms of the 1950s begun to be equipped to handle computer revolution and redesigning buildings became an expensive and drawn out task. So a new typology of student housing needed to be build. Nowadays, with the advent of internet and technology, the society is increasingly changing the way of communication. Although, the actual student housing typology is the same from the 80s. Few luxury student houses were created all over the world, with new features, like fitness room, dining hall, classrooms and so on. But they are still not affordable for most of the students. Therefore, there is a need for a new typology of student housing, that answers to nowadays student‘s necessities, focusing in the way of they communicate with each other, but still being reachable for them.

Student Housing: Past and Present

11


1088 1088

1452 1452

1500 1500

1636 1636

1800 1800

1900 1900 1953 1953

It became first officialOxford Oxford University Beginning the Concept The firstThe official University GermanGerman Beginning of the ofConcept of the of the WomenWomen It became necessary to to universities developed the universities universities American American "Ivory tower” "Ivory -tower”began began tonecessary universities were were developed the to increase developed in “domus”“domus” for established a Residence Hall the monastic funding,funding, developed in houses houses for established a Residence Hall the monastic apply toapply to increase soand hotels and beginning students Europe,Europe, beginning poorer poorer students systemsystem of halls of halls SystemSystem systemssystems meant meant studentstudent so hotels trailer parks trailer parks the University called “bursen” to separatecommunities communities with thewith University called “bursen” to separate were converted of Bologna organized by students of Bologna organized by students from from and be and be were converted in students the outside accepted acceptedin students monks monks the outside accommodation accommodation world world

12


1960

Emergence of political and civil rights. Disabled and minorities began attending college.

1972

Gradually student accommoda tions began to allow unisex dorms

1980

The old dorms of the 1950s became to be equipped to handle computer revolution and redesigning buildings became an expensive and drawn out task

1990

State and federal funding decreased and the demand for college dorms increased.

2000

In the early 2000's there was a new rise of sustainability, not only in choosing environmentally friendly materials but also the way in which the residents used resources.

2010

New luxury students accommodations emerged, with new features, like fitness room, dining hall, classrooms and so on.

13


STUDENT STATISTICS After so many conflicts, like the World War II and the fall of the wall, Berlin had to reinvent itself, turning into a wonderful city. In years, it has been an attractive place for people all over the world, not only to visit, but also to live and work. Concerning studying, Berlin is becoming interesting as well for foreign students that are searching for an international education. The city has some of the best Universities in the country, from which 40 students won the Nobel Prize. The cost of living in the capital is relatively cheap, compared to other big cities, and the daily life is alluring, full of cultural activities, attractive events, festivals, performing arts and an appetizing cuisine. As a consequence, the city is growing more and more trough the years, becoming the second most populous city in European Union.

Student Statistics

15


180235 Therefore, the number of students in Berlin is constantly increasing through 175917 the years. For this reason, the necessity of new students houses 171263 is rising. 165923 The following graph showcases the number of students from 2007 to 2016. 160220

153634 147030 140070 134504

135327

165923 160220 153634

171263

175917

180235

147030 140070 134504

135327

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 The number of female students is also growing, resulting nowadays in a proportional quantity of males and females. 100000 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 95000 90000 10000085000 9500080000 9000075000 85000130000 students

8000070000 7500065000

students

13000060000 70000

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 year male female

65000

At the same time, the number of foreign students is increasing as well. Today,

60000 more than 20% are from outside Germany. 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 year male female

100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

16

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 year foreign german Student Statistics


Berlin has more than 30 Universities. The following map locates these Universities, showing that most of them are located in the center-left area of the city.

TU TU

TU

UDK

HU TU

TU

FU

Universities:

CharlottenburgWilmersdorf Friedrichshain Kreuzberg

Public universities: •Free University of Berlin (FU Berlin) •Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin) •Technical University of Berlin (TU Berlin) •Berlin University of the Arts (UdK)

Tempelhof Schöneberg

Private Universities: •ESCP Europe Wirtschaftshochschule Berlin •Hertie School of Governance •Steinbeis-Hochschule Berlin •ESMT European School of Management and Technology •Touro College Berlin •International Psychoanalytic University Berlin Colleges of Applied Sciences: •Alice Salomon Hochschule Berlin •Bard College Berlin •Berlin School of Economics and Law •Berufsakademie Berlin

•Beuth Hochschule für Technik Berlin •CODE University of Applied Sciences •design akademie berlin, SRH Hochschule für Kommunikation und Design •German Academy for Film and Television Berlin •Evangelische Fachhochschule •Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin •Hochschule für Musik Hanns Eisler •Hochschule für Schauspielkunst „Ernst Busch“ •International Business School •Katholische Fachhochschule •Kunsthochschule Berlin-Weißensee (Hochschule für Gestaltung) •Mediadesign Hochschule •OTA private University of applied sciences Berlin (OTA Hochschule Berlin) •Teikyo University, Berlin campus •BAU International Berlin University of Applied Sciences

Student Statistics

17


FU

To hosts students, Berlin has more than 30 students houses spread across 9 districts, apart from Spandau, Pankow and Treptow-Köpenick.

arlottenburgWilmersdorf

edrichshain Kreuzberg

mpelhof Schöneberg

Student Houses: Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf: •WH Danckelmannstraße •WH Dauerwaldweg •WH Eichkamp •WH Mollwitzstraße •WH Spandauer Damm •WH Fraunhoferstraße •WH Hardenbergstraße •WH Hubertusallee •Internationales Studienzentrum Berlin •WH Düsseldorfer Straße •WH Pfalzburgerstraße Mitte: •WH Hafenplatz •WH Neue Hochstraße •WH Augustenburger Platz Lichtenberg: •WH Allee der Kosmonauten •WH Hans und Hilde Coppi •WH Aristotelessteig •WH Sewanstraße •WH Storkowerstraße

18

Marzahn-Hellersdorf: •WH Oberfeldstraße Reinickendorf: •WH Hoppestraße Steglitz-Zehlendorf: •WH Halbauer Weg •WH Goerzallee •WH Gelfertstraße •WH Salvador Allende - Bitscherstrasse 2/4/6/8/10 •WH Salvador Allende – Clayallee 180 •WH Brentanostraße Friedrichshain- Kreuzberg: •WH Franz-Mehring-Platz •WH am Wassertorplatz Neukölln: •WH Juliusstraße Tempelhof-Schöneberg: •WH Nollendorfstraße •WH Derfflingerstraße •WH Potsdamer Straße •WH Siegmunds Hof

Student Statistics


To better understand the characteristics of a student in Berlin, a questionnaire was conducted, with more than from the main 11,9% 130 students, Universities in the city. It aims less than 18 to gather student‘s personal 18intoorder 25 to develop a information, new Student 26Housing to 30 according to their necessities and preferences. 31 to 40 The following graphs shows the 41 or older results obtained.

23%

65,1%

ORIGIN 39,7%

Berlin

31,7%

other city in Germany 28,6%

out of Germany

More than 70% of the students are not from the city. Therefore there is a 7,1% necessity of more Student Houses in Berlin to hosts the new coming students. 19,8%

DISTRICTS

Mitte

living togheter

6,3%

5,6%

CharlottenburgWilmersdorf

married Friedrichshain Kreuzberg

73% 5,6%

6,3%

18,3%

single Tempelhof Schöneberg

3,2%

11,9%

Neukölln

12,7%

Steglitz-Zehlendorf Pankow 10,3%

6,3%

9,5%

4%

Lichtenberg Spandau Reinickendorf Treptow-Köpenick

93,7%

Marzahn-Hellersdorf

6,3%

The majority of students are living in the Berlin Mitte district, certainly because of the proximity to the Universities. Charlottenburg-Wilmensdort district yes comes in second. The furthest districts are being the cheapest options for the no students. Spandau is a potential district to hosts a Student Housing, since is far from the city center, being a cheap place to live, but at the same time near the Universities. Student Statistics

19


LIVING TYPOLOGY 11,9% 3,2% 7,1% with family private house/apartment 77,8%

student housing rented apartment

40,5%

However, only 11,9% of them are living in Student Housing, and the majority are currently renting an apartment. The reason is not clear, but apparently, this is being the best choice for most of the students. It might be the lack of students accommodation in the city or possibly a personal preference for a more comfortable life. What if we start to hear these students wishes, when designing a Student Housing? yes

33,3%

no 26,2%

sometimes

AGE 23% 35,7%

11,9% less than 18

24,6%

18 to 25 yes26 to 30

65,1%

no 31 to 40 only few roomates 41with or older

39,7%

So, the first personal analysis39,7% made was the students‘ age. Some of the 30,2% Students Houses have an upper age limit of 30 years old. The reason is that the student wouldn‘t like to live with a 18 years old group of student, and would complain about the noise. But this is not a generic rule, some 30 years old students may be like to live with young people, and if not, this problem can be easily solved with a project strategy of a separated hall for older students. Berlin

31,7% 69,8%

yes

28,6%

7,1% 20

Student Statistics

19,8%

no

other city in Germany out of Germany


18 to 25 26 to 30 Berlin

31,7% 65,1%

31 to 40 other city in Germany 28,6%

RELATIONSHIP STATUS

41 outorofolder Germany

7,1% 39,7% 19,8%

Berlin living togheter

31,7% 73%

28,6%

other city in Germany married out of Germany single

7,1%

Married students and couples living together are also not welcome in most of Students Housing. The rooms are prepared just to host single students. 19,8% However, even if they are the minority of the students, the couples also expect an unique college experience. They would also, as a couple, like to live in a 93,7% atmosphere. student 6,3%

living togheter married yes

73%

single no

CHILDREN

93,7% 6,3% yes no

The number of students with children is small, but even if they were planned or not, the parent, still as a student, sometimes would like to have the student experience too. Some Family Friendly Student Houses are emerging over the world, but they are still not so popular. This is one of the aims of the new typology of Student Housing.

Student Statistics

21


7,1% with family 11,9%

private house/apartment

In 77,8% terms of the spaces in a student housing, the students were questioned student housing 3,2% about their personal preferences. rented apartment

7,1%

KITCHEN SHARING

with family 40,5% 11,9% 77,8%

private house/apartment

3,2%

student housing rented apartment

7,1%

33,3% 77,8%

40,5% 26,2%

with family yes private house/apartment no student housing sometimes rented apartment

More than 26% of the students mind to share the kitchen, but 33,3% don‘t yeskitchen. So, this states mind about it and 26,2% like40,5% to 35,7% share sometimes the 33,3% that the students dorms might have a small kitchenno for the daily routine, with the possibility of a bigger kitchen26,2% for occasional meals with the roommates. sometimes 24,6%

BATHROOM SHARING 33,3%

35,7% 26,2% 39,7%

yes yes no no only with few roomates sometimes

24,6% 30,2% 35,7% 39,7%

yes no only with few roomates

24,6%

Sharing a bathroom is an intimate issue when you don‘t know the roommate 30,2% so well. This should be an option for the studentsyes when choosing a room. 69,8% yes But even if the shared one is the choice, it shouldnobe shared just with few no roommates, aiming more control in cleaning and privacy. only with few roomates 39,7%

BEDROOM SHARING 69,8%

30,2%

yes no

69,8%

yes no

22

Student Statistics


The same privacy issue happens when sharing a room. If the student doesn‘t have intimacy with their roommate, sharing a room can be a problem. Noise and mess are some of the reasons why students have discussions with their roommates, but for some of them is still worth it, due to the low renting prices of a shared room. DESIRED SHARED SPACES laudry gym study rooms mensa events space meeting/class room sports area playground cyber cafe bike parking outdoor spaces 0%

20%

40%

60%

80%

100%

In terms of the shared spaces in a student housing, the students selected the most desired spaces for them. Laundry and Bike Parking are the most voted, since they are two important things for students. But most of Student Housing balcony already have it. However, the uncommon spaces in a Student Housing that laudry stove were desired gym by the students are gym, study rooms, mensa/common kitchen, fridge eventsstudy space, meeting/class room, sports area, playground, cyber-cafe and rooms microwave oven outdoor spaces. mensa Some students also suggested workshop rooms, music oven roomsevents and space ateliers, where they can work in their University‘s project without tv meeting/class roomstudents and messing the place. Other student also proposed bothering other 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% sports area living rooms and0%winter gardens to chill with friends, complaining that he doesn‘tplayground have space in his room for that, and the only option is going to a bar or cyber cafe a café that it‘s necessary to order something and spend money. One student parking would also like a communal children‘s play area, if she lived that hasbike children spaces in aoutdoor Student Hosing. Several students also complained that they can‘t host their families and0%friends in 20% their rooms40% and they would 60% like to have 80% extra beds 100% or extra rooms for guests in the Student Housing. DESIRED PRIVATE THINGS balcony stove fridge microwave oven oven tv 0%

20%

40%

60%

80%

100%

In terms of the private student dorm, besides the mandatory furniture (desk, bed, wardrobe, chair...) the students desired things in a room are balcony, stove, fridge, microwave oven and TV. Few students also suggest more space for University‘s material, bookshelves and a bigger desk. Student Statistics

23


CONTEXT ANALYSIS Looking through the lens of converting an existing parking garage into a new Student Housing for the city of Berlin, more specifically in the borough of Spandau, there is an underused garage on the boundary between the populated pedestrianized Old Town of Spandau and the noisy, heavy traffic Altstädter Ring street. This area has been growing outside the Old Town of Spandau, where many educational components have been installed around, such as the Music School and the ongoing construction of a small student housing, that will be the first in that district.

Context Analysis

25


This parking garage, directly facing a small stream of Havel river, today, is acting as physical barrier between the street and the natural element of the river and it’s greenish surroundings. Currently the best views of the river is being offered to the vehicles parked inside. Characterized by this public atmosphere, the Old Town of Spandau meets Altstädter Ring, the fully traffic packed street and right in-between these two locations, the parking garage is inserted, almost as a barrier between two realms, the calm pedestrian streets by the river, and the intense street dedicated to transport. The Old Town of Spandau has many streets that accommodate large public activities, such as the Christmas Market Halls, shows and more. 26

Context Analysis


Context Analysis

27


28

Context Analysis


Context Analysis

29


30

Context Analysis


Context Analysis

31


32

Context Analysis


Context Analysis

33


34

Context Analysis


Context Analysis

35


SITE ANALYSIS The Car Parking Altstädter Ring has more than 300 parking spaces spread over 2 floors. The building presents a duality of urban situations, in one hand there is a facade turned towards the noisy Altstädter Ring Street and the back facade is facing the calm landscape of the Havel River. The Parking Garage‘s structure is composed by steel skeleton in a modularity that follows the dimensions of each car space. One of the main facade‘s element is the brick modular vegetation support, that goes around the whole building, blending the place with nature of its surroundings. Differently from the garage‘s generic orthogonal grids, this parking garage has an arc shaped modularity. Despite the two floors height, one of them is half underground, giving the feeling that the building is floating over the site. At the same time, the parking becomes horizontal rather than vertical, turning it less visually disruptive.

Site Analysis

37


SITE PLAN

40

Site Analysis


MODULARITY PLAN

SECTION

Site Analysis

41


42

Site Analysis


Site Analysis

43


CONCEPT Through the analysis of references and the results of the interview with students in Berlin, it’s possible to compare and develop a further study on the dynamics of student housing. However, it’s important to focus on the interaction and communication in between the users of a student housing, where not only the essential use of housing is applied, but also the communal features of such building, transforming it into a Student Hub. The atmosphere of the student housing impacts directly on the student’s life, affecting their personal and academic lives. The first conceptual idea comes from an abstraction which shows the exploration of the layers strategy on the building. This abstraction translates in a section, the transition between the street side (public) of the building until the river side (private), adding more layers when it becomes more private. This layers can work such as insulation layers and as furniture details, giving more comfort to the students.

Concept

45


LAYERED STRATEGY

46

Concept


Concept

47


SCALES These layers become overlaid in the transition between the public to private, in other words, as more public is the space, the original building will be preserved, and as more private the space becomes, more layers will be added. So, to better comprehend the typology and qualities of the spaces within the so-called Student Hub, a spatial study contributes to the further development of different spaces, which will range from: XL – larger outdoor spaces for leisure, sports and more L – large indoor spaces for public gathering such as meeting spaces, gym, study rooms an so on. M – more intimate spaces for group interactions, such as the kitchen, living rooms, etc. LAYERED STRATEGY

S – small private spaces such as dorm, bathrooms, etc. This spatial analysis offers a better understanding of the spatial potential possibilities to develop an ideal Student Hub.

XL

48

Concept


L L

SINGLE ROOM 1:50

SINGLE ROOM 1:50

M M

DOUBLE ROOM 1:50

DOUBLE ROOM 1:50

Concept

49


SINGLE ROOM 1:50

COUPLE ROOM 1:50

S SINGLE ROOM 1:50

DOUBLE ROOM 1:50

FAMILY ROOM 1:50

COUPLE ROOM 1:50ROOM DOUBLE 1:50

FAMILY ROOM 1:50

FAMILY ROOM 1:50

50

Concept


S

Concept

51


S

COUPLE ROOM 1:50

SINGLE ROOM 1:50

52

Concept


S

S

Concept

53


PROGRAM After a broader analysis through case studies, spatial studies, interviews and a grid study, the program was composed to satisfy the student’s needs and preferences and at the same time, developing not only the student “housing” itself, in other words, not only their private rooms but the whole communal features of this Student Hub. The existing parking garage has 9500 m2, and the program is composed by the four scales, XL , L , M and S, in which all of them have the same importance, therefore, the same spatial proportion. Since there is a duality of noisy x silent sides within the building, on the left side where the heavy traffic is present, the spatial element L will be developed, composed with more public spaces which are not so affected by the street noise. On the other hand, by the calm riverside, the S spaces will be implemented, mainly composed by the student’s dorms. Finally, the underground level will also be taken into consideration, with the insertion of more student dorms. However, there is a need for a natural light strategy to illuminate these spaces.

Concept


XL

L

M

S

25% = 2400 sq m

outdoor/relaxing sports area playground anphitheatre urban farm

25% = 2400 sq m

events space classroom gym mensa study rooms workshop rooms bike parking

25% = 2400 sq m

kitchens living rooms laundries guest rooms winter gardens

25% = 2400 sq m

single rooms double rooms couple rooms family rooms

Concept

55


56


DESIGN The first design intentions start in an urban scale, changing the width of the river, bringing it closer to the building, and giving a new view for the underground floor. The pathway next to the river was raised over it, keeping a distance from the building to give privacy for the students. The existing staircases were removed, being replaced with 4 new ramps, which will give access straight to the rooftop or to the public interior spaces. The facade to the street was completly closed, to create a sound barrier. Thereby, all the rooms will be placed to the river facade, having privacy, silence and a nice view to the landscape. Furthermore, a wired structure was added on the roof, where the plants of the facade can grow up during summer, creating shadow and a comfortable space, without impacting on the existing built form.

Design

57


STEP BY STEP

STEP BY STEP

58

MASTERPLAN 1:500

Design


MASTERPLAN

MASTERPLAN 1:500

Design

59


ROOFTOP PLAN 1:250

ROOFTOP PLAN

60

Design


Design

61


62

Design


Design

63


GROUNDFLOOR PLAN 1:250

GROUNDFLOOR PLAN

64

Design


Design

65


66

Design


Design

67


UNDERGROUND PLAN 1:250

UNDERGROUND PLAN

68

Design


Design

69


GROUNDFLOOR PLAN 1:250

SECTION 1 1:100

SECTION 1

UNDERGROUND PLAN 1:250

SECTION 2 SECTION 2 1:100

ROOFTOP PLAN 1:250

RIVER VIEW 1:250

RIVER ELEVATION

70

Design


Design

71


72

Design


Design

73


74


75


76


77


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BIBLIOGRAPHY / REFERENCES STUDENT HUB Wilcox, Brian L. and Holahan, Charles J. “Social Ecology of The Megadorm in University Student Housing”. Journal of Educational Psychology. (1976). Vol. 68, No 4: 453-458 The Local. „Could Frankfurt’s compact ‘cube’ housing be the student digs of the future?.“ November 3, 2017. Accessed January 12, 2018. https:// www.thelocal.de/20171103/experimental-student-housing-offers-compactalternative-to-high-rents “Hochschulen Basisdaten“. Statistik Berlin Brandenburg. 2016. Accessed November 17, 2017 https://www.statistikberlin-brandenburg.de/BasisZeitreiheGrafik/Bas-Hochschulen. asp?Ptyp=300&Sageb=21003&creg=BBB&anzwer=7 STUDENT HOUSING: PAST AND PRESENT „The Evolution of the College Dorm.“ M. J. Stephey. August 28, 2013. Accessed January 10, 2018. http://content.time.com/time/ photogallery/0,29307,1838306_1759899,00.html Scholnick, Dorothy. “The History Of Student Housing Facilities”. October 13, 2013. Accessed January 13, 2018. https://prezi.com/scg46fnxd1eb/thehistory-of-student-housing-facilities/ Blimling, Gregory S., and Lawrence J. Miltenberger. “The Resident Assistant: Working With College Students in Residence Halls”. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/ Hunt, 1981. Brubacher, John Seiler, and Willis Rudy. “Higher Education in Transition: A History of American Colleges and Universities”. 1636-1976. New York: Harper & Row, 1976. Case, F. D. “Dormitory Architecture Influences: Patterns of Student SocialRelations Over Time“. Environment and Behavior 13.1 (1981): 23-41. Academic Search. Premier. Web. 28 Aug. 2013. Hughes, David, and Martin Davis. “Student Housing: A Cautionary Tale Of One City“. Journal Of Social Welfare & Family Law 24.2 (2002): 135-155. Academic Search Premier. Web. 28 Aug. 2013. Mullins, William, and Phyllis Allen. “Student Housing: Architectural and Social Aspects.” New York: Praeger, 1971. Price, Jerry, ed. “Planning and Achieving Successful Student Affairs Facilities Projects: New Directions for Student Services”. Vol. 36. N.p.: Wiley, 2003. Riker, Harold C. “Planning Functional College Housing. New York: Teachers College, Columbia University”. 1956. 80


STUDENT STATISTICS “Hochschulen Basisdaten“. Statistik Berlin Brandenburg. 2016. Accessed November 17, 2017 https://www.statistikberlin-brandenburg.de/BasisZeitreiheGrafik/Bas-Hochschulen. asp?Ptyp=300&Sageb=21003&creg=BBB&anzwer=7 “Universities and research institutions in Berlin”. January 6, 2018. Accessed January 15, 2018. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universities_and_research_ institutions_in_Berlin “Studying in Germany”. Accessed January 16, 2018. https://www.studying-ingermany.org/berlin/ Sarah. “Studentenwohnheime In Berlin: Die Wichtigsten Infos Auf Einen Blick!“. August 22, 2017. Accessed January 17, 2018. https://www.iamstudent.de/ blog/studentenwohnheime-in-berlin/ SPATIAL STUDY Neufert, Ernst; Neufert, Peter. “Neufert Architect’s Data“. Fourth Edition. 2012. Wiley-Blackwell. “Guidelines on Residential Developments for 3rd Level Students, Section 50 Finance Act 1999“. Accessed January 20, 2018. https://www.education.ie/en/ Publications/Education-Reports/Guidelines-on-Residential-Developmentsfor-3rd-Level-Students.pdf

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I Dessau International Architecture School Anhalt University Department 3 Š 2017/18

Profile for Marina Panceri

Student Hub | Master Thesis  

Supervised by Joris Fach | This underused parking garage is acting as physical barrier between the street and the natural element of the ri...

Student Hub | Master Thesis  

Supervised by Joris Fach | This underused parking garage is acting as physical barrier between the street and the natural element of the ri...

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