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gzavnili

goridan . . .


redaqcia mTavari redaqtori:

giorgi SaverdaSvili nomris redaqtori:

nanuka bregaZe

stilist-koreqtori:

giorgi xarSilaZe TaTia kakiaSvili dizaini:

mariana babaiani sofo qemaSvili Jurnalistebi:

ana xaCiZe ana gelaSvili eTo mexriSvili Tako vaxtangiSvili Tamuna gegiZe TinaTin gegenava izi nozaZe mariam beria mari metreveli naTia suxitaSvili qeTi baWvelaSvili xelmZRvaneli:

maia toraZe


gzavnili

redaqtoris sveti giorgi SaverdaSvili gazafxulis semestrisTvis, sagnebis bazis gaxsna da ,,beWduri media 2"-Tvis gamoyofili adgilebis Sevseba erTi iyo. saswavlo kursze moxvedris msurvelTa raodenoba didi iyo, Tumca yvelas ar gaumarTla. pirvelive leqciaze TiTqmis sruli SemadgenlobiT SevikribeT, ,,Tanamdebobebi", pasuxismgebloba da ufleba-movaleobebi gadavinawileT... davsaxeT gegmebi, gavuziareT ideebi da survilebi... ase Camoyalibda ,,beWduri media 2"-is saswavlo kursisTvis gaTvaliswinebuli Jurnal ,,gzavnilis" redaqcia. Jurnalis saxelze fiqri ar mogviwia, radgan igi arsebobis ramdenime wels iTvlis. Cven gamgrZeleblebi varT im gzis, romelic ukve gaiares Cvenma megobrebma, kolegebma da winamorbedebma, romlebmac warmatebiT imuSaves Jurnal ,,gzavnilis" wina nomrebze. am saxis Jurnalze muSaobis mTavari stimuli, interesi da mniSvneloba aris is, rom movicvaT ara dedaqalaqi, aramed qveynis regionebi. Jurnalis saxelis, ,,gzavnilis" ganmarteba, daniSnuleba da mTavari damaxasiaTebeli niSan-Tvisebac is gaxlavT, rom regionebSi mcxovrebi Cveni sazogadoebis irgvliv arsebuli cxovrebiseuli, mniSvnelovani da problematuri sakiTxebi gavaxmovanoT, visaubroT da daniSnulebis adgilamde, anu Tqvenamde gzavnilis saxiT movitanoT. amjerad dedaqalaqTan ufro axlos mdebare, albaT yvelaze ufro problematuri, mravalferovani da mniSvnelovani regionis, Sida qarTlis da ufro konkretulad ki, qalaq gorisa da masTan axlos mdebare soflebis Seswavla gadavwyviteT. adgilze Casuli Jurnalistebi mimovifanteT, yvela Tavisi sferosa da Temis mixedviT gaviSaleT da movicaviT mTeli gori. vfiqrob, moviZieT bevri saintereso da mniSvnelovani informacia, davamuSaveT, SevqmeniT da Tqvenamde movitaneT saxeliT ,,gzavnili goridan". JurnalSi Tqven SegiZliaT gaecnoT politikur, ekonomikur, socialur, kulturul, sportul Temebsa Tu sakiTxebs. asave ixiloT saintereso fotoreportaJebi, TandarTuli video da audio masalebi... waikiTxoT da gaecnoT goris istorias, mis mniSvnelobas, daniSnulebas... mis uZveles arqiteqturas, gmirebs, beladebs... icodeT, Tu rogoria cxovreba im adamianebisTvis, romlebmac 2008 wlis agvistos omis Semdeg yvelaferi dakarges da TavianTive samSobloSi dRes ltolvilis statusiT arseboben... Jurnal ,,gzavnilis" mTeli redaqcia, erT gundad da koleqtivad Sekruli, mzad aris, pasuxismgeblobiT, profesionalizmiTa da mondomebiT miudges Jurnalis arsebobas, mis sicocxlisunarianobasa da Sinaarss, raTa Tqvenamde mudam saintereso masalebiT datvirTuli movides... vfiqrob, JurnalSi ,,gzavnili goridan", bevri sainteresos wakiTxvaa SesaZlebeli.... ase rom, mkiTxvelo, nuRa ayovneb da gadaSale Jurnalis momdevno gverdi...

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gzavnili aprili 2014

sarCevi

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goro, qarTlis Suagulo...

gori erT-erTi uZvelesi qalaqia saqarTveloSi. is Sida qarTlis centralur nawilSi, mdinareebis mtkvrisa da liaxvis SesarTavTan mdebareobs.

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gori arCevnebis molodinSi

axali TviTmmarTvelobis kodeqsis mixedviT gori damoukidebeli TviTmmarTveli qalaqi xdeba.

irakli oqruaSvili goris merobaze alaparakda

`me am arCevnebs nebismier fasad movigeb... Tu me arCevnebSi monawileobis saSualeba momeca, pirvelive turSi movigeb!"

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axali ekonomikuri realoba

sofel tirZnisSi Casuls TvalSi gxvdeba uzarmazari saxlebi, gasakeTeblad dawyebulni, zogan daxvewili aguriT naSeni kedlebi da ornamentebic ki SeiniSneba.

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`gordizaini~- stimuli aqtiuri cxovrebisTvis socialur sawarmoSi am etapze 18 adamiani aris dasaqmebuli da maTgan zogs socialurad daucvelis statusi aqvs, nawili ki gansakuTrebuli saWiroebis mqone piria.

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Rvinis gza

Cveni yuradReba mis ezoSi mdebaze xeivanma miipyro, rogorc aRmoCnda, baton iosebs amis garda aseTi ori xeivani hqonia, mohyavs sul sami jiSis yurZeni: ,,Tavkveri", ,,goruli mwvane" da ,,Cinuri".

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ltolvilebis cxovreba skola `inteleqtis" kedlebSi `aq mxolod ltolvilebi varT, CveniT ar movsulvarT, mTavrobam Semogvasaxla".

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berbuki - axlo warsulis tkivili, momavlis rwmeniT goris centraluri stadionis win gaCerebaze Tu daelodebiT nomer 4 an 41 samarSuto taqsis da bolomde gahyvebiT, berbukis dasaxlebaSi mixvalT - es aris dasaxleba, romelic 2008 wlis agvistomde ar arsebobda.

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reportaJi tinisxididan

manqana saxlTan Cerdeba... saxlTan, romelsac siZvelis, siRatakisa da siRaribis kvali amCnevia..

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georgievskis traqtati 2014 wels

rusebs Cveni teritoriebidan miTvisebuli araferi aqvT. Cemi azriT, Cven rusebTan konfliqti ar unda gvqondes.

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moyviTalo WiSkrebs miRma

`...am soflis Zveli da axali saxelwodebebis Sesaxeb arsebobs gadmocemebi, Tumca aqaurebs gansakuTrebiT is Tqmuleba uyvarT, romelic Tamar mefes ukavSirdeba.~

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goris gareSe cxovreba ar warmomidgenia~

` lali baiaZe - qalaq gorSi misi saxeli yvelam icis... ganaTlebiT biologia, romelmac mTeli cxovreba saganmanaTleblo sferos miuZRvna.~


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goreli gogonas gzavnili poloneTidan

`...didi tkivili mis cxovrebaSi bevrma siaxlem da sixarulmac ki Caanacvla. amJamad igi poloneTSi agrZelebs swavlas erasmus mundusis programiT...~

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adgilobrivi media gorSi

`sami beWduri gamocema, ori telekompania, erTi radio da ori internet-portali - es im mediasaSualebebis CamonaTvalia, romelTa saSualebiTac goris mosaxleoba yoveldRiurad ecnoba regionul Tu sxva saxis informacias.~

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`WeSmariteba samSobloze maRlac dgas~

`didi qarTveli filosofosi, merab mamardaSvili, warmoSobiT goridan aris.~

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patara goris erTguleba didi stalinisadmi `goris istoriis ganuyofeli nawili _ didi beladi _ samiode wlis win kamaTis Tema gaxda. municipalitetis mier stalinis Zeglis aRebis iniciativas mosaxleobaSi protesti moyva.~

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dasis `sunTqva~ mtvrian scenaze

,,goreli gorSi unda iyos da Tu raRacis Sno gaqvs, Seni niWi unda aCuqo maT~ - ambobs goris Teatris msaxiobi merab WankvotaZe.

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codna cxovrebisTvis

`codna cxovrebisTvis~ _ es goris saxelmwifo saswavlo universitetis slogania.~

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samxatvro skola - sivrce, sadac xelovneba ibadeba me-20 saukunis 50-iani wlebi, periodi, rodesac saqarTvelos qalaqebi ar arian ganebivrebuli samxatvro skolebiT, qalaqi gori asparezze gamodis. 1957 wels ana feraZe aarsebs goris samxatvro skolas.

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gori - Cempionebis qalaqi

gorelma sportsmenebma saerTaSoriso asparezze wlebis ganmavlobaSi araerT mniSvnelovan gamarjvebas miaRwies.

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goris dila - alionidan daisamde

`dila sixarulis, dila siyvarulis, Cveni warmatebis dila, xmebi aRmafrenis, Cveni gamarjvebis, geZaxi dilao dila~

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xalxTa mama

`...saqveynod cnobili, rogorc ioseb stalini da didi beladi, aramxolod giganti imperiis siamaye gaxldaT, aramed am imperiis Semadgeneli patara qalaqisac, romelic dRemde amayad atarebs stalinis mSobliuri qalaqis saxels.~

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Cven gzavnili gamogvatanes

`8-is naxevarze SeTanxmebulebi, 8-ze _ `SesaSuri~ punqtualobiT vikribebiT da gorisken viRebT gezs, raTa `gzavnili goridan~ Tqvenamde movitanoT. diax, Cven Tsu-eli Jurnalistebi varT da gadavwyviteT gors `SevesioT~.~


aprili 2014

goro, qarTlis Suagulo . . .

mariana babaiani mariam beria

gori erT-erTi uZvelesi qalaqia saqarTveloSi. is Sida qarTlis centralur nawilSi, mdinareebis mtkvrisa da liaxvis SesarTavTan mdebareobs. misi saxelwodebac masSi aRmarTuli kldovani gorakisagan warmodgeba, romelzedac gaSenebulia Zveli cixe-simagre. arqeologiuri masalebi mowmoben, rom aq Zveli da axali welTaRricxvis mijnaze unda arsebuliyo qalaquri tipis dasaxleba. zogierTi istoriuli wyaro qalaqis daarsebas daviT aRmaSenebels miawers (XIIsaukunis dasawyisi). daviTma qarTlisaTvis gaaZliera goris mniSvneloba da man ufliscixis adgili daikava. mosaxleobis gazrdis mizniT daviTma aq vaWar-xelosnuri mosaxleoba Caasaxla. gori samefo qalaqi gaxda, mas ganagebda mefis moxele - qalaqis mouravi. gors sakuTari cixis garda, zRudec gaaCnda, romelSic datanebuli iyo alayafis kari, zRudes Tavis mxriv Txrili hqonda Semovlebuli (siRme - 4 metri, sigane - 5 metri). XIII saukunidan gori da misi cixe xdeba sacilobeli punqti dampyroblebsa da qarTvel mefeebs Soris, vinaidan qalaqi umniSvnelovanes strategiul da savaWro gzaTa gadakveTaze mdebareobda (abreSumis gza), misi daufleba ki niSnavda politikur batonobas Sida qarTlze. XVII saukunis meore naxevarSi gori SesamCnevad gaizarda. giorgi VI-s mefobis dros igi saqarTveloSi erT-erTi ZiriTadi savaWro qalaqi iyo.

goro, qarTlis Suagulo meTauro qarTlisao, adre Rirsad wamebulo, dResac mTqmelo marTlisao! Zirs goris-jvari dagyurebs, maRliT Tvali uflisao, erTgulo da saimedo wilxvedris RvTismSoblisao! Zvelad misTvis sisxlis mRvrelo. dRes cremlis da oflisao; tyvis damxsnelad monamzado, saimedov oblisao! gamxnevdi, gagvilomguldi, muxli moibi mglisao, gahkafe, gadaiare grZeli gza momavlisao. dasTese Tesli keTili, Sesargo mamulisao, da naxav namglis trialsa ,,hopuniT` momkelisao. akaki wereTeli

1723-34 wlebSi qalaqi osmalebis xelSi iyo. maT daangries goris sasaxle. 1735 wlidan ki gors sparselebi daepatronnen, nadir-Sahis brZanebiT goris cixe TiTqmis daangries. XVIII saukunis 40-ian wlebSi, Teimuraz II dros, gori dampyrobelTagan gaTavisuflda. igi meore qa-

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qalaqi gori mdebareobs mtkvrisa da didi liaxvis SesarTavTan, zRvis donidan 588 m simaRleze, Tbilisidan (dedaqalaqidan) 76 km. amJamad mosaxleoba 59,5 aTass kacs Seadgens. municipalitetis ekonomikis dargobrivi struqtura warmodgenilia Semdegi saxiT: soflis meurneoba, Sida meurneobis gadamuSaveba, mrewveloba, mSenebloba, transporti da kavSirgabmuloba, vaWroba, mmarTveloba, ganaTleba, jandacva, sxva momsaxureba. qalaqSi aris msubuqi da kvebis mrewvelobis sawarmoebi. municipalitetis teritoriaze sul gvxvdeba 34 samrewvelo sawarmo, 16 samSeneblo organizacia da savaWro obieqtebi. municipalitetis teritoriaze funqcionirebs umaRlesi saganmanaTleblo dawesebulebebi, profesiuli ganaTlebis saswavlo centrebi, sajaro skolebi, skolamdeli dawesebulebebi da samusiko skolebi. goris municipalitetis teritoriaze arsebobs sxvadasxva kulturuli dawesebulebebi da gasarTobi centrebi, q. gorSi funqcionirebs giorgi erisTavis saxelobis goris saxelmwifo akademiuri Teatri da kinoTeatri ,,gamarjveba". municipalitetis teritoriaze aseve funqcionirebs kulturisa da sportis rigi organizaciebi.

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goris municipalitetSi adgilobrivi media sakmaod farTodaa warmodgenili. municipalitetSi funqcionirebs erTi adgilobrivi tele-radio-kompania `TrialeTi" da 6 beWdviTi media, romelTa gavrcelebis areali scildeba municipalitetis sazRvrebs. 2010 wlamde goris centralur moedanze 9 metrian kvarcxlbekze 6 metri simaRlis stalinis Zegli idga, romelic goris mcxovreblebma (ufro swored adgilobrivma mmarTvelobam) 1952 wels, stalinis sicocxleSive, aRmarTa.

goris municipalitetSi mravali istoriuli da kulturuli Zeglia. mTebze da xeobebSi ganlagebulia mravali qviT naSeni cixe-simagre, koSkebi, taZrebi, Zveli nasoflarebi. gansakuTrebiT aRsaniSnavia kldeSi nakveTi naqalaqari ufliscixe, goris cixe, atenis sionis taZari, veris cixe, gorijvari, erekles abano da sxv. saqarTvelos kulturis, ZeglTa dacvisa da sportis saministros monacemebiT, goris municipalitetSi sul kulturuli memkvidreobis 136 Zeglia, maT Soris 53 uSualod qalaq gorSi mdebareobs.

gzavnili

laqi gaxda Tbilisis Semdeg. mSvidobianma yofam TandaTan gamoacocxla goris sazogadoebrivi, ekonomikuri da kulturuli cxovreba. qalaqi mniSvnelovnad gaizarda. feodalur xanaSi igi Sefenili iyo goris cixis ferdobebze. goris intensiuri zrda iwyeba XIX saukunis bolodan. dRevandeli gori ki saqarTvelos erT-erTi saukeTeso da mimzidveli qalaqia Tavisi warsuliTa da awmyoTi - istoriuli nagebobebiT, eklesia-monastrebiT, Zveli Tu axali dasaxlebebiT, muzeumebiT, cnobili mwerlebiTa Tu sazogado moRvaweebiT.


gorijvari qalaq goris pirispir, TrialeTis mTebsa da mtkvris sanapiroze, amozidulia gorijvris mTa, romelzec mdebareobs ZvelisZveli taZari gorijvari. aZari wminda giorgis saxels atarebs. taZris moxatuloba Seasrula mxatvarma nodar abramiSvilma. eklesia akurTxa saqarTvelos kaTalikos-patriarqma, uwmindesma da unetaresma ilia meorem. gorijvris midamoebSi aris samkurnalo wyali, romelic Zveli droidan aris cnobili.

aprili 2014

gorijvris sakurTxevlis jvari xisaa, sigrZe 188 sm, sigane 94 sm. SeZerwilia vercxlis oqrocurvili firfitebiT, romlebzec Weduri suraTebia. maTi Tanmimdevroba Semdegnairia: mklavebis gadajvaredinebis adgilze centraluri xateba eZRvneba ieso qristes jvarcmas, xolo danarCen nawilebze gamoxatulia wminda giorgis cxovrebisa da wamebis kompoziciebi.

goris cixe istoriuli cixesimagre qarTlSi, q. goris centrSi, maRal kldovan borcvze. CrdiloeT ferdobze SemorCenili nangrevebi da arqeologiuri monacemebi mowmobs, rom aq Zv. w. I aTaswleulis ukanasknel saukuneebSi Zlieri simagre, mis garSemo ki mosaxleoba yofila dasaxlebbbbuli.goris cixe mniSvnelovan strategiul simagres warmoadgenda; misi daufleba niSnavda politikur batonobas mTel Sida qarTlze.cixesimagre nagebia riyis qviT; adrindel fenebSi Tlili qvaa naxmari. gegmiT ovalur citadels dasavleTidan SedarebiT ukeT Semonaxuli nawili - `cxrakara" ekvris; samxreTiT da aRmosavleTiT damxmare galavnebia. cixesimagris Tavdapirveli Sesasvleli ar Cans; samxreTi kedlis SuaSi moTavsebulia gviandeli xaniskamarovani WiSkari. samxeT-aRmosavleT monakveTSi patara eklesiis nangrevebia. cixes hqonda gvirabi wylis amosazidad da wyalsacavi. goris cixe mniSvnelovnad daaziana 1920 wlismiwisZvram.

ufliscixe kldeSi nakveTi qalaqi warmoadgens qarTuli kulturis unikalur Zegls, kavkasiis erT-erTi uZvelesi dasaxleba da saqalaqo centri mdebareobs goris aRmosavleTiT 10 km-ze mtkvris marcxena napiras. Zeglis istoria iwyeba Zv. w. aR. II-I aTaswleulebis mijnidan. Zv. w. IV - ax. w. IV s.s. igi iyo qveynis uZlieresi politikuri da kulturuli centri.kldis irgvliv mdebare miwebi jer kidev adre brinjaos xanidan yofila dasaxlebuli. ufliscixe, kldeSi nakveTi qalaqi, romelic uxsovari droidan bevr saintereso ambavs inaxavs, dRes rogorc muzeum-nakrZali, mraval damTvalierebels istumrebs.

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atenis sioni

atenis sionis taZari goridan 12 kilometrze mdebareobs, mdinare tanas marcxena napiras, frialo kldis kedelze. TariRdeba VII saukunis I naxevriT. taZari centralur-gumbaTovania. imeorebs mcxeTis jvris arqiteqturas da formebs, Tumca Secvlili proporcia aqvs. taZris gegmis safuZvelia jvari, romlis afsidian daboloebebs Soris moTavsebulia oTxi sakani. jvris Sida mklavebis gadamkveT centralur sivrceze gumbaTia aRmarTuli.

erekles abano mdebareobs qalaq goris teritoriaze, rusTavelis quCa N41-Si. igi TariRdeba gviandeli feodaluri xaniT. abano nagebia natexi qviT, konstruqciis nawilebi _ kedlebis kuTxeebi, Seisruli TaRebi, naxevarsferuli gumbaTebi da sasinaTlo xvrelebi aguriTaa nawyobi. abano ori saTavsisagan Sedgeba. orive saTavss Sesasvleli samxreTidan cal-calke aqvs. Senobis aRmosavleT kedelSi mogvianebiT kidev erTi kari gauWriaT.

goris municipalitetis simbolika simbolika Seqmnilia saqarTvelos parlamentTan arsebuli heraldikis sabWos mier goris istoriul-kulturuli niSnebis mixedviT. aRniSnuli simbolika goris municipalitetis sakrebulom N29 dadgenilebiT 2010 wlis 19 agvistos miiRo.

gerbi gerbze warmodgenilia gorijvris simbolo - oqros mTa oqros heraldikuri jvriT, sami gadaSlili wigni, romelic mianiSnebs, rom gori didi qarTveli ganmanaTleblis iakob gogebaSvilis samSoblo da regionSi erTaderTi sauniversiteto qalaqia. gerbze gamosaxulia sami oqros Zna, rac municipalitetis uxvmosavlianobasTan asocirdeba da qongurebiani oqros cixe-simagre, romelic goris cixis simboloa.

droSa goris municipaluri droSa mewamuli jvriT oTx nawiladaa gayofili. misi zeda marcxena da qveda marjvena mxare mewamuli, xolo droSis danarCeni nawili laJvardovania.

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gzavnili

erekles abano


aprili 2014

2012 wlis gazafxulze goris cixis qvemoT mdebare wereTlis quCaze sareabilitacio procesi daiwyo. reabilitaciis farglebSi wereTlis quCaze aRdgeniTi samuSaoebi Catarda. Zveli iersaxe daubrunda 52 saxls, mTlianad gamoicvala komunikaciebi da daigo qvafenili. amiT gors aramarto Zveli xibli daubrunda, aramed axalic daemata. samuSaoebisTvis erTi milioni lari gamoiyo.

akaki wereTlis quCas Tavdapirvelad `oqros quCasac" uwodebdnen aq mdebare taZris gamo, Semdeg am quCaze centraluri afTiaqi gaixsna da `afTiaqis quCadac" moixseniebdnen. Eklesiebis simravlis gamo mas `soboris quCac" uwodes. 1910-1919 wlebSi gorSi akaki wereTli Casula warmodgenis gasamarTad. xalxi swored im quCaze Segebebia, romelsac Semdeg akaki wereTlis quCa uwodes.

miuxedavad reabilitaciisa, Senobebis nawili TiTqmis carielia da TiTqmis yvela saxls `For Rent" aweria.goris, rogorc Zveli qalaqis kvali TiTqmis mTlianad waSlilia.

wyaro: goris municipaliteti

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gzavnili

politika 12 14

gori arCevnebis molodinSi irakli oqruaSvili goris merobaze alaparakda

ekonomika 16 19 22

axali ekonomikuri realoba `gordizaini" - stimuli aqtiuri cxovrebisTvis `Rvins gza"


aprili 2014

Tako vaxtangiSvili giorgi SaverdaSvili

gori arCevnebis molodinSi axali TviTmmarTvelobis kodeqsis mixedviT gori damoukidebeli TviTmmarTveli qalaqi xdeba. arCevnebis Semdeg qalaqs axali, pirdapiri wesiT arCeuli meri eyoleba. jerjerobiT bolomde araa cnobili merobis kanditatTa dazustebuli sia, Tumca mzadeba arCevnebisTvis ukve dawyebulia.

saqarTvelos sxva regionebis msgavsad, wels Sida qarTlis regionul centrSic adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebia. iqidan gamomdinare, rom cvlilebebi Sevida TviTmmarTvelobis kodeqsSi, goris municipalitetSi msjeloben, adgilobrivi mowyobis romeli modeli iqneba wardgenili arCevnebis Semdeg. goris municipalitetis teriotoriuli mowyoba savaraudod 5+1 variantiT ganxorcieldeba. aRniSnul Temaze imsjeles goris municipalitetis sakrebulos 2014 wlis 27 martis sxdomaze, sadac pirvel sakiTxad ganixiles da imsjeles `goris municipalitetis teritoriuli optimizaciis Taobaze". sakrebulos Tavmjdomarem daviT razmaZem sakrebulos wevrebs gaacno kanonproeqti, romelic iTvaliswinebs goris teritoriaze 5 an meti TviTmmarTveli erTeulis Camoyalibebas. arsebuli variantiT, raionis teritoriaze eqvsi municipaliteti Seiqmneba. esenia: goris, atenis, karaleTis, varianis, mejvrisxevisa da SavSvebis. ufro zustad ki: 1. `istoriuli atenis municipalitetSi" Seva Semdegi soflebi: ateni, xidisTavi, qvaxvreli, ufliscixe, sayavre, mRebriani, skra, axalxiza, rieTi. centri - xidisTavi. mosaxleoba jamSi 15 aTasi.

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2. mdinare didi liaxvis xeobis municipaliteti - aq Tavs varianis, Sindisisa da niqozis Temis soflebi moiyris. centri - variani iqneba. mosaxleobis jamuri raodenoba 17 133-ia. 3. mdinare patara liaxvis xeobis municipaliteti - aq karaleTis, Zeveris, tirZnisis, dicis, qveSisa da arcevis TemSi Semavali soflebi karaleTis garSemo gaerTiandeba. yvelaze meti mosaxle am municipalitetSi iyris. mosaxleobis raodenoba 35 431. 4. mejvrisxevis, axalubnis, kirbalis, Tortizisa da xelTubanis soflebi - mejvrisxevis garSemo gaerTiandeba. mosaxleoba 16 aTasi. 5. tirifonis velis soflebs - zeRduleTs, SavSvebs, berbukis nawils, sveneTs - centri SavSvebi eqneba. rac Seexeba qalaq gors, misi mosaxleoba - 59 aTasia, goris municipalitetSi tinisxidi da berbukis nawili darCeba. goris municipalitetis adgilobrivi Semosavlebis mTliani biujetis daaxloebiT 75-80% modis soflebis wilad. Tu ganxorcieldeba modeli 1+5 - municipalitetebs eqnebaT sakuTari gazrdili biujeti, romelic ganawildeba mxolod municipalitetSi Semavali soflebis saWiroebebze, eyolebaT arCeuli gamgebeli, sakrebulo, mosaxleobas eqneba meti SesaZlebloba, miiRos monawileoba gas-


axorcielebeli proeqtebis SerCevaSi. axal municipalitetur centrebSi aSendeba administraciuli Senobebi, mosaxleoba adgilze miiRebs yvela im momsaxurebas, risTvisac adre centrSi uwevda siaruli. gaumjobesdeba infrastruqtura, Seiqmneba axali samuSao adgilebi da dasaqmdeba adgilobrivi, soflis mosaxleoba. adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebamde 3 Tveze naklebi dro rCeba. koalicia ,,qarTuli ocnebis" savaraudo merobis kandidatad goris sakrebulos Tavmjdomare daviT razmaZe ganixileba.

goris merobis survili gamoTqva yofilma Tavdacvis ministrma irakli oqruaSvilmac, magram kanonmdebloba mas amis saSualebas ar aZlevs imis gamo, rom bolo ori wlis ganmavlobaSi saqarTveloSi ar ucxovria. oqruaSvilma ukve gaxsna saarCevno Stabi gorSi. goris sakrebulos Tavmjdomare ki irakli oqruaSvilis saqmianobasa da urTierTobas gorTan, kriminals ukavSirebs da ambobs, rom mas Tavisi kandidaturis wamoyenebis moraluri ufleba ar aqvs.

13

gzavnili

,,goris mosaxleo`jerjerobiT araa Stabebi dakompleqtebuli, araa siebi daviT razmaZe bas sakmaod ambobs, rom dazustebuli, savaraudod, aprilSi es yvelaferi gadaw- kargi maxsovkonkurenroba aqvs. ydeba da SevudgebiT mzadebas" -ambobs daviT razmaZe. cia sakmaod mis adgseriozuli ilze gors iqneba, Tumca, saerTod 9-wliani politikuri gamocdileba, saqme, ragaveridebodi, misi cxovrebis wesidan gamomsac wlebia, emsaxureba, sazogadoebis TiTqmis dinare, gorelebs arc unda akadros Tavis yvela fenasTan sakmaod mWidro urTierToba kandidatura, - ambobs daviT razmaZe. mas mniSvnelovan upiratesobas aniWebs da meris postze kenWisyris SemTxvevaSi, seriozul adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebi 2014 wlis 15 ivniss Catardeba da Sedegad, gaizSedegebs elis. rdeba TviTmmarTveli qalaqebis raodenoba ,,jerjerobiT araa Stabebi dakompleqtebuli, da nacvlad arsebuli xuTi TviTmmarTveli araa siebi dazustebuli, savaraudod, aprilqalaqisa, es statusi mieniWeba gorsa da im Si es yvelaferi gadawydeba da SevudgebiT qalaqebsac, sadac mosaxleobis raodenoba 15 mzadebas" -ambobs daviT razmaZe. aTasze metia.


aprili 2014

TaTia kakiaSvili

irakli oqruaSvili goris merobaze alaparakda inga grigolias saavtoro gadacema `poziciaSi" saqarTvelos yofilma Tavdacvis ministrma irakli oqruaSvilma ganacxada, rom mas surs, 15 ivnisis adgilobriv arCevnebze, goris merad iyaros kenWi. Tumca mis am ganzraxvas iuridiuli dabrkolebebi eqmneba, radganac is ver akmayofilebs kanonmdeblobis moTxovnas, rom merobis kandidatad wardgena SeuZlia saqarTvelos im moqalaqes, romelsac arCevnebis daniSvnis dRemde bolo ori weli mainc ucxovria saqarTveloSi.

aRadgens, romlis demontaJic 2010 wels ganxorcielda. misi TqmiT, ar aqvs mniSvneloba, TbilisSi es vinmes moewoneba Tu ara, radganac gorelebis survilis SemTxvevaSi, Zegli Tavis adgilze unda dabrundes. aRsaniSnavia, rom saqarTveloSi moqmedebs kanonmdebloba, romelic sabWoTa simbolikis aRmofxvras aregulirebs.

goris raionis sofeli karaleTis mosaxleoba ar faravs, rom `qarTuli ocnebis" xelisuflebaSi mosvlas cvlilebebiTa da ukeoqruaSvilma ganacxada, rom misTvis goris Tesi cxovrebis aSenebis imediT eloda. maTi merad kenWisyra fexburTis mesame ligaSi gancxadebiT, mTavrobis cvlilebas aranairi TamaSs niSnavs, magram mainc miiRo es gadawwinsvla ar mohyolia. kiTxvaze, ra Seicvala yvetileba, raTa goris magaliTiT yvelas maTs cxovrebaSi mTavrobis cvlilebis SemaCvenos deg, TiTqmis mmarTveloerTi da igive bis `warmatepasuxi domini`me am arCevnebs nebismier fasad movigeb... Tu me arbuli modrebda: CevnebSi monawileobis saSualeba momeca, pirvelive eli". turSi movigeb!" - ganacxada oqruaSvilma. nanuli `me am arCevZaRaraSnebs nebisvili: - aba, mier fasad movigeb... Tu me arCevnebSi monawra giTxraT? didad araferi Secvlila. aTas ileobis saSualeba momeca, pirvelive turSi rames gvpirdebodnen, magram ra Segvisrules?! movigeb!" - ganacxada oqruaSvilma. megona, iseTi cxovreba mogvividoda, rom . . . upirveles yovlisa, axalgazrdebi daasaqmon man goris adgilobrivi xelisufleba saxelm- amiT bevr problemas gadaWrian! wifo saxsrebis gaflangvaSi daadanaSaula da ganacxada, rom arCevis SemTxvevaSi adgilobri- sofiko SayulaSvili: - araferic ar Secvvi biujetidan Tanxebs gorSi pensiebis gazrdisa lila! CvenTan zog ojaxs pensiebi da daxmareba da maswavleblebisTvis xelfasebis momatebieZleva, Tumca Cven - ara. minda, rom am mxriv sTvis gamoyofs. mainc ar gangvasxvavon da yvelas dagveniSnos daxmareba. aq yvelas erTnairad gviWirs. oqruaSvilma aseve aRniSna, rom adgilobrivi mosaxleobis survilis SemTxvevaSi is arCeviluiza domelaSvili: - didad araferi Secvdan 10 dRis vadaSi gorSi stalinis Zegls lila: isev ise varT, rogorc viyaviT. magali-

14


gzavnili

Tad, denTan dakavSirebiT aranairi problema ar gvqonia mas Semdeg, rac `nacionaluri moZraoba" iyo mTavrobaSi. `qarTuli ocnebis" mosvlis Semdegac ase grZeldeba. gazi sofel karaleTSi gvaqvs, Tumca piradad CemTvis erTi problemaa: Cems saxlTan gadis gazis mili, aqauri mosaxleoba ambobs, rom TiToeul ojaxSi gazs ufasod Semoiyvanen, amitom mTavrobas veliT da CveniT ar gagvyavs, vnaxoT, ramdenad gamarTldeba dapireba da ramden xanSi. vaJa beroSvili: -`qarTul ocnebaze" an cudi an kargi ra vTqva? ai, irakli oqruaSvilze gety-

15

viT: eg kaci gorelia da gors unda emsaxuros. oqruaSvili iyo da aris patrioti. misgan didi molodinebi gvaqvs: magaliTad, man kargad icis, ra situaciaa soflebSi, amitom gaumklavdeba arsebul problemebs. sanam saakaSvili mas saqmes gasaqcevad gauxdida, oqruaSvilma bevri ram gaakeTa. karaleTis mosaxleoba irakli oqruaSvilis merobas elis, imedi aqvT, rom adrindeli epoqa dabrundeba, konfliqtebi mogvardeba da cxovreba Tavis kalapotSi Cadgeba. Tumca es ocneba ramdenad realuria, amas dro dagvanaxvebs!


axali ekonomikuri realoba aprili 2014

sofo qemaSvili

sofel tirZnisSi Casuls TvalSi gxvdeba uzarmazari saxlebi, gasakeTeblad dawyebulni, zogan daxvewili aguriT naSeni kedlebi da ornamentebic ki SeiniSneba. qalbaton irma quliCiSvilis saxli ki cementiT galesili, rikulebiani xis moajiriT, cota xelSevlebuli samzareuloTi, im azrs gafiqrebinebT, sad imaleba aq gasaWirio. es zedapiruli azrovnebis simartive male qarwydeba da rCeba ekonomikuri problemebis winaSe mdgari xalxi, romelTa umravlesobis Semosavals wlidan-wlamde soflis meurneoba warmoadgens.

16


goris gamgeobaSi adastureben Sxam-qimikatebis problemas: `es Sxamqimikatebi, romlebic Semodis, evropulia, magram am bolo dros maTma mwarmoebelma kompaniebma sawarmoebi gaxsnes iafi muSaxelis qveynebSi: TurqeTSi, indoeTsa da CineTSi. nawili, rac evropaSi daitoves, awarmoebs umaRlesi xarisxis pesticidebs da aris ufro Zviri, eseni igive wamlebia, igive SefuTva da dasaxelebis, magram maTi Semadgenloba ar emTxveva iafi muSaxelis qveynebSi damzadebul pesticidebsa da Sxam-qimikatebs, anu CvenTan meoreuli xarisxis Semodis", - gviTxra goris bunebrivi resursebis, agrarul da miwis sakiTxTa komisiis Tavjdomarem batonma soso xuroSvilma. rac Seexeba fass, mas kerZo kompaniebi gansazRvraven, romlebic uSualod aformeben qveynebTan xelSekrulebebs; saqarTveloSi cnobilia, rom Svidi firma muSaobs am mimarTulebiT. saqarTvelos ekonomikur realobaSi globalizaciis procesebi nel-nela iWreba, msoflios daCqarebuli tempebi da meti resursebi sWirdeba, amitom SeuZlebelia Cvenma qveyanam konkurencia gauwios sxva qveyanas, rodesac ase cota nayofs awarmoebs, maRali TviTRirebulebiTa da moZvelebuli jiSebiT, gviTxra batonma sosom. swored es mizezebi aris erT-erTi ganmsazRvreli bazrebis deficitisas: `axali jiSis vaSlebi maqsimum sam welSi iZlevian mogebas, Zvel jiSebs ki 15-16 weli sWirdeboda dacda, Tan eseni dabali xeebia, ufro advilia maTi gasxvla, Sewamvla, saerTod, movla da mosavlis aRebac; Tuki Zveli jiSis xeebi 1h-ze 25-dan 30t-mde vaSls iZlevian, axali jiSebis SemTxvevaSi raodenoba 60-80t-mde izrdeba, danaxarjebi TiTqmis igivea. esaa, Tavidan maTi gaSeneba sakmaod Zviria 30-dan 35 aTasamde jdeba 1 heqtarze, magram nel-nela Tu ar gadavediT am axal teqnologiebze, axal jiSebze, realizaciis problema sul gveqneba" - ganacxada soso xuroSvilma. saubaria imaze, rom `iveria" vaSlsa da `zamTris bananze" moTxovnileba mcirdeba; erT-erTi supermarketis administratorma

17

gzavnili

miuxedavad imisa, rom goris municipalitetSi meurneobis sxvadasva saxeoba aris gavrcelebuli (mexileoba, mebaRCeoba, mesaqonleoba, mevenaxeoba da a.S.), igi yvelaze metad vaSlis mxared aris aRiarebuli; saocaria is faqti, rom TviT vaSlis qveyanaSi importuli xili Semodis (vaSlTan erTad yurZeni, forToxali, mandarini, msxali da sxva); glexebi problemebis saTaved bazris deficits, Sxam-qimikatebis uxarisxobasa da siZvires asaxeleben; batonma levan beriZem, romelic misvlisas manqanis nawilebis SekeTebiT iyo dakavebuli, gviTxra: `wamali aris Zalian Zviri, mosaxleoba ver wvdeba, CvenTan imdeni moTxovna araa, ramdeni Sromac gvWirdeba, wylis problema metnaklebad mogvarebulia, satumbo sadguridan viRebT wyals, gadasaxadic araa miuwvdomeli, weliwadSi 75 laria, am mxriv problema araa, ai, wamlebi gvijdeba Zviri, 1 tonaze 150 laris mainc gvWirdeba da 14-16-jer mainc unda SevwamloT".


aprili 2014

ucxouri xilis moduroba da garegnuli mimzidveloba daasaxela daxlebze maTi moTavsebis mizezad. imisaTvis, rom Cveni xili gavides evropul bazarze aucilebelia akmayofilebdes maT moTxovnebs, standarts, romelSic gaTvaliswinebulia forma, zoma, xarisxi, xarisxSi _ Sxam-qimikatebis, pesticidebis raodenoba, damuSavebulia Tu ara xili specialuri xsnarebiT; gorSi, iseve rogorc saqarTvelos sxva ubanSi, ar arsebobs xarisxis Semmowmebeli laboratoria; `CvenTan ar arsebobs sasawyobo meurneoba (ar gvaqvs Semnaxveli macivrebi) da gadamuSaveba, garda amisa miwebs wamlaven azotovani sasuqiT, romelic erTaderTia saqarTveloSi da amavdroulad anadgurebs niadags, ar ikvleven mas, raTa Sesabamisi sasuqebiT gaanayofieron,"- Tqva supermarket `madagonis" direqtorma batonma daviT reviam. `SarSan gaixsna ruseTis bazari, magram ruseTis bazaric aRaraa iseTi, uwin rom iyo, glexi rom daawyobda manqanaze Tavis mosavals da waiRebda TviTon gasayidad, dRes ukve saeqsport-

18

saimporto kompaniebi asruleben am funqcias, romlebmac Cveni vaSli fasis gamo daiwunes; gacilebiT iafad yiduloben xils sxva qveynebidan," - gviTxra batonma mamuka lomsaZem, goris municipalitetis sainformacio-sakonsultacio samsaxuris ufrosma. tetunaSvilebis ojaxSi, baRCaSi vnaxeT qaTmebis saTareSod gadayrili vaSlis grova, iqve axlad moWrili xis Zirebis mwkrivebi; ojaxis ufrosma, batonma zuram, gviTxra, rom vinaidan vaSls misTvis mogeba aRar mohqonda, gadawyvita, maT nacvlad Caergo blis da qliavis nergebi. cxadia, axali ekonomikuri realoba garkveul mtkivneul procesebTanaa dakavSirebuli. is TiTqos msoflio ekonomikis Targze cdilobs gamogvWras, axali teqnologiebisTvis fexis ayolas saxaven gamosavlad, Tumca igi qarTuli Zveli jiSebis msxverplad gaRebas moiazrebs, maT Canacvlebas bazarze arsebuli moTxovnebis Sesabamisad.


`gordizaini~ stimuli aqtiuri cxovrebisTvis

nanuka bregaZe

avtomobili mwvane Senobas uaxlovdeba, romelic, erTi SexedviT, sawarmos sulac ar hgavs. misi direqtori, qalbatoni Tina bregvaZe, karSi gvegebeba da saubars kabinetSi vagrZelebT. ambobs, rom ar eloda, ase Tu ganviTardebodnen da aawyobdnen saqmes mcire periodSi: `Cemi sixaruli is aris, rom Cemi sawarmos mizania, davasaqmo socialurad daucveli adamianebi, maT Soris, SezRuduli SesaZleblobis mqone adaminebi, rom maT raRac elementaruli Semosavali gauCndeT, Tavi damoukidebel, srulfasovan adamianad igrZnon da sxvebze ar iyvnen damokidebuli. Sen rom Sens kapiks Seitan saxlSi da piriqiT, sxvas daexmarebi, es aris Zalian didi stimulis mimcemi adaminisTvis. Tina bregvaZis saubridan varkvevT, rom socialur sawarmo `gordizainSi" jer-jerobiT

19

ori mimarTulebaa: samkervalo da minanaqris saxelosno. samkervaloSi amJamad 8 qali aris dasaqmebuli. maTgan 5 socialurad daucvelis statuss atarebs, sams ki smenisa da saubris problemebi aqvT. samkervalos gaxsnamde maT specialuri gadamzadebis kursebi gaiares da kerva iswavles. dasaqmebuli qalbatonebi gorSi da mis mimdebare soflebSi cxovroben. monayols da mosmenils rom sakuTari TvaliT nanaxi sjobs, albaT, dameTanxmebiT. amitom, `gorizainis" menejeri Tamar sabaSvili paralelurad gidis rols iTavsebs. pirveli gaCereba samkervaloa. rva qalbatoni isea saqmeSi Cafluli, rom Cvens Sesvlas verc igeben. zogi xeliT amoxvevebs akeTebs, zogic manqanis nemsSi Zafs uyris. erTi qalbatoni did magidasTan Targis gamoWrisTvis qsovils amzadebs.

gzavnili

goris ekonomikaze saubrisas yvelaze axalbeda sawarmoze mogiyvebiT. mas socialuri sawarmo `gordizaini" hqvia, romelic kervasa da minanqris samkaulebis damzadebaze muSaobs. sawarmo sul raRac eqvsi Tvea arsebobs. `gordizainis" gansakuTrebulbaze misi statusic mianiSnebs. socialur sawarmoSi am etapze 18 adamiani aris dasaqmebuli da maTgan zogs socialurad daucvelis statusi aqvs, nawili ki gansakuTrebuli saWiroebis mqone piria. `gordizainis" sanaxavad gors kidev erTxel vewvieT.


aprili 2014

23 wlis mariami ki sakerav manqanas Cahkirkitebs, nakeri rom swori gamouvides. mariami xidisTavSi cxovrobs. `samsaxurSi xidisTavidan davdivar. daojaxebuli var da socialurad daucvelis statusi maqvs. samkervaloSi agvistodan vmuSaob. movedi, gaviare gadamzadebis kursi da ori Tvis Semdeg davsaqmdi. am sawarmos arsebobis Sesaxeb Cemi naTesavisgan gavige, romelic aq maswavleblad muSaobs. swavleba axlac aris, tansacmelebi jer ar viciT da paralelurad, nel-nela vswavlobT. bolos kabebis kerva viswavleT," - yveba is. 25 wlis eTeri, gverds patara baliSebis grova rom umSvenebs, ambobs, rom aq mariamma moiyvana: `skraSi vcxovrob, magram axla skridan ar davdivar. samuSao pirobebiT kmaofili var. me mariamma damasaqma, miTxra, saswavlebeliao. movedi, gaviareT kursebi da mis mere vmuSaobT. vkeravT TeTreuls, baliSebs, magidis gadasafareblebs. `miuxedavad imisa, rom Zalian iRlebian, mainc uxariaT yovaxlac, el dRe aq mosvla, radgan ician, rom dakavebulebi arian, sabavSvo samuSao aqvT da Sesabamisad, sakuTari Semosavalic." - Tamar baRis sabaSvili kerZo SekveTaze vmuSaobT." `gordizainis" menejeri Tamar sabaSvili gidobas agrZelebs da gvixsnis, rom qalbatonebis samuSao dRe dilis 10 saaTze iwyeba da saRamos 5 saaTamde grZeldeba. Tumca, misi TqmiT, didi SekveTebis dros ufro didxansac uwevT darCena.

`miuxedavad imisa, rom Zalian iRlebian, mainc uxariaT yovel dRe aq mosvla, radgan ician, rom dakavebulebi arian, samuSao aqvT da Sesabamisad, sakuTari Semosavalic." saubarSi, meore gaCerebis droc modis.Ees ukve minanqris saxelosnoa. specifikuri samuSao magidebi, magidis Taroze uamravi patara SuSa, romelSic sxvadasxva feris fxvnilebi yria. aqvea - pincetebi, funjebi da miniaturuli zomis figurebi, romlebic minanqris namuSevarze vercxlisfer zolebad emCneva da kompozicias qmnis. amas Turme, tixrebi hqvia. saxelosnos xelmZRvaneli zviad zviadaZe `mini vorqSofs" gvitarebs da gvixsnis, rom namuSevarSi jer es tixrebi unda ganvalagoT. Semdeg ki feradi fxvnilebi wyalSi gazavdeba da tixrebs funjiT ferebi daedeba. misi TqmiT, kompoziciis Seqmna adamianis niWsa da fantaziazea damokidebuli, Tumca ori identuri namuSevari ar arsebobs da yvela unikaluria.

20


minanqris saxelosnoSi uSualod namuSevrebis damzadebaze 5 adamiani muSaobs. naSromebis erTi etapi ukve dausrulebiaT da gasayidad mzad aris. jer-jerobiT, samkaulebi, ZiriTadad, gamofenebze iyideba xolme, radgan namuSevrebs Stampebi ar aqvs. `Tu moindomeben namdvilad SeZleben sakuTari Semosavlis gaCenas. Tan, ramdenime adamiani saqmdeba, ara marto damamzadebeli, aramed damtarebelic. Tvis bolos miRebuli Tanxa nawili masalebSi Cabrundeba, nawiliT ki xelfasi eZlevaT. ra Tqma unda, sagadasaxadosTanac gvaqvs valdebuleba," _ ambobs is.

socialuri sawarmo `gordizaini" Tina bregvaZis mier daarsebuli asociacia `goris invalidTa klubis" erT-erTi proeqtia. Senobac, swored asociacias ekuTvnis, sadac sawarmosTan erTad SSm pirebis dRis centria gaxsnili. sawarmos proeqti ki arasamTavrobo organizacia `sidam" daafinansa. Tavad `sida" `axali ekonomikuri SesaZleblobebis iniciativis" (NEO) proeqtia. NEO-s amerikis saerTaSoriso ganviTarebis saagento (USAID) afinansebs. zviadTan damSvidobebis Semdeg saubars isev Tina bregvaZesTan vagrZelebT. igi gviambobs, rom sul male samkervaloSi tansacmelis kervasac daiwyeben. amJamad ki iarliyisa da Stampis Seqmnaze muSaoben, raTa rogorc samkervalos, ise minanqris saxelosnos namuSevrebi maRaziebSi gasayidad Seitanon.

21

gzavnili

mkeravebis msgavsad, minanqris ostatebmac muSaobis dawyebamde gadasamzadebeli kursebi gaiares. xeloba TanamSromlebs zviadma aswavla. misi TqmiT, kursebi gankuTvnili iyo ara mxolod SezRuduli SesaZleblobis mqone da socialurad daucveli mozardebisTvis. rogorc masTan saubrisas varkvevT, sawarmo ukve daxelovnebul mozardebs saSualebas aZlevs, Rumeli gaitanon da kerZod daiwyon saqmianoba: `aq maT qiras aravin gadaaxdevinebs, magram Tanamonawile gaxdeba komunalur gadasaxadebSi, yalibebis SeZenaSi, sxva pirobebTan SedarebiT, aq maTTvis ufro momgebiani situaciaa da ramdenime maTgani akeTebs kidec amas."


aprili 2014

Rvinis gza ana gelaSvili

goris erT-erTi sofeli ateni, ara marto yvelasTvis cnobili atenis monasterTa da uaRresad lamazi bunebiT gamoirCeva sxva soflebisgan, aramed, imiTac, rom sofels Rvinis warmoebis gansakuTrebuli kultura aqvs. atenSi Rvinis marani bevria. erT-erT quCas, sadac ramdenime maTgania Tavmoyrili, Rvinis gza ewodeba. aq Rvinos ZiriTadad ojaxSi awaroeben. yoveli maTgani Rvinis dayenebis istoria, tradicia da specifika gansakuTrebulia. Tavdapirvelad, Rvinis warmoeba ojaxur tradicias warmoadgenda, xolo axla es, garkveulwilad, warmatebul biznesad iqca. Rvinis mwarmoeblebi konkurencias uweven erTmanets aramarto xarisxSi, aramed fasSic. ramdenime Rvinis marans Cvenc vestumreT.

pirveli, sadac mivediT es iyo Zveli Sampaniuris qarxana, romelSic axla ukve Rvinos awarmoeben. iq momuSave erT-erTi adamianis naambobis mixedviT, qarxana 1940-ian wlebSi daarsda da amJamad kerZo mesakuTris mflobelobaSia. adre aq Sampaniuri da ramdenime saxis boTlsac warmoebdnen. axla marto erTi saxis Rvinoa - ,,Cinuri", boTlis warmoebac didi xania SeCerebulia. TeTri da Savi yurZeni dasawur cexSi cal-calke muSavdeba da iwureba. Semdeg dawuruli siTxe minis gamtaris gavliT 50 tonian cisternebSi gadadis. aq sul sami muSaa dasaqmebuli. rac Seexeba danadgarebs, isini ukve moZvelebulia da gamocvlas saWiroebs, Tumca es yvelaferi TanxebTanaa dakavSirebuli da investoris moZiebaa saWiro, raTa qarxanam SeZlos Zveli mdgomareobis dabruneba. Sedegad, meti raodenobis da saxis Rvinis awrmoeben da ufro meti muSaxelis dasaqmeba. weliwadSi daaxloebiT 200 tona Rvinos wuraven, Tumca zogjer wlidan wlamde misi naxevris gayidvas axerxeben. maTi gancxadebiT, ojaxis marnebi maT sakmaod did konkurencias uweven, radgan xalxi ojaxis Rvinos ufro endoba. Tumca, gansxvaveba fasSicaa, qarxnis erTi litri Rvino 3 lari Rirs, xolo ojaxebSi erT litrs 4 larad yidian. Qqarxana yurZens adgilobrivi mosaxleobisgan Seisyidis, Rvinis realizacia ki qveynis SigniT xorcieldeba.

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batoni iosebi, gorisa da atenis mitropolit meufe andreasa da ramdenime sxva adamianTan erTad apirebs qvevris Rvinis Camosxmas, am wlis zafxulidan. atenis dedaTa monasteris kuTvnilebaSia marani, romelTan erTadac igegmeba aRorZindes atenis qvevris Rvinis Camosxma. (atenis dedaTa monasterSi viyaviT misulebi, magram, samwuxarod, maranSi ver SevediT, radgan meufis kurTxeva iyo saWiro, da Cven amis Sesaxeb ar vicodiT.) Rvinis realizacias jer adglze gegmaven, xolo SemdgomSi evropis bazarze gasvlasac ar gamoricxaven. amJamad ki sezonze saSualod samtonanaxevar yurZens krefs. igi wlidan wlamde dawuruli Rvinis srul realizacias aswrebs. momdevno, atenis Zveli marani, Temo sauris mflobelobaSia. maranSi bevri saintereso nivTia, da amitom, garkveulwilad, muzeumis funqciac aqvs. magaliTad, batonma Temom gvaCvena 400 wliani akvani, 800 wliani wylis koka, erekle mefiseuli doqi, aseve 200 wliani WurWeli, uZvelesi saqsovebi, saCeCebi, sawnaxeli da a. S. aseve sainteresoa kevri, romelic film maia wyneTelis gadaRebis dros iqna gamoyenebuli da aseve is qalamnebic, romelic filmSi Lleila abaSiZes ecva. nivTebs batoni Temo agrovebs, radgan rogorc man Tqva, surs qarTuli sulis SenarCuneba da glexi kacis yofis momavali TaobebisTvis gacnoba. rac Seexeba uSualod Rvinis marans, atenis Zveli marnis mTavar siamayes Rvino ,,Tavkveri" warmoadgens. marnis mflobelma legenda gviambo: Turme batons ar moswonda veziri da ubrZanebia misTvis eCvenebina qveynad yvelaze kargi ra iyo. vezirs uTqvams, Rvino ,,Tavkverio". mefem damtkiceba mosTxova. vezirs uxmia koWli, brma da usinaTlo. koWls rom daulevia cekva dauwyia, munjs simRera, xolo brmas uTqvams: Sen dailoce, lalisfero siTxeo. Bbatoni Temos TqmiT, misi Rvino biologiurad sufTaa da ar Seicavs aranair sasuqs, swored amitom is bio sertifikatzea wardgenili. garda amisa, mis Rvinos aqvs miRebuli ramdenime sigeli da sxvadasxva jildo. igi weliwadSi 13 tona yurZens krefs da dawuruli Rvino srulad eyideba. misi TqmiT, mis mier dayenebuli Rvino ar-

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gzavnili

Semdegi ojaxis marans vestumreT, romelic mosalodnelze metad saintereso aRmoCnda. aq ojaxis ufrosma, ioseb loTiSvilma gvimaspinZla. marnis saxelwodebaa: `mitras marani". Cveni yuradReba mis ezoSi mdebaze xeivanma miipyro, rogorc aRmoCnda, baton iosebs amis garda aseTi ori xeivani hqonia, mohyavs sul sami jiSis yurZeni: ,,Tavkveri", ,,goruli mwvane" da ,,Cinuri". misi TqmiT, ,,Cinurs", CineTTan aranairi kavSiri ar aqvs, es Rvino sulxan-sabas hqonia naxsenebi rogorc ,,Cinebuli", Semdgom sityvam forma icvala da axla ,,Cinurad" moixsenieben..Bbatoni iosebis marani calke RirSesaniSnaobas warmoadgens. aq gaxlavT 1952 wels aSenebuli sawnaxeli, romelic rogorc cnobilia, saqarTveloSi yvelaze didia, igi 5-6 tona yurZens itevs. Ees sawnaxeli dimitri loTiSvilis mieraa aSenebuli da mTlianad qvis nakeTobaa., rac iSviaTobas warmoadgens.


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aprili 2014


gzavnili amarto biologiurad sufTaa, aramed dasalevadac kargia da daaxloebiT 10-11 gradus spirts Seicavs. Rvinis gzam saxeli gaamarTla. iq misuli yvela adamiani sasiamovnod gakvirvebuli darCeba da bevr axal rames aRmoaCens. SeiZleba Tamamad iTqvas, rom atenSi Rvinis didi, saintereso da mravalferovani kulturaa. Rvinis mwarmoeblebis imdenad did konkurencias uweven erTmaneTs, rom atenSi uxarisxo Rvinis naxva gagiWirdebaT.

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gzavnili

sazogadoeba 27 31 34 40

ltolvilebis cxovreba sola `inteleqtis" kedlebSi berbuki - axlo warsulis tkivili, momavlis rwmeniT reportaJi tinisxididan `georgievskis traqtati" 2014 wels


ltolvilebis cxovreba skola `inteleqtis" kedlebSi

`aq mxolod ltolvilebi varT, CveniT ar movsulvarT, mTavrobam Semogvasaxla. me Cems colTan erTad vcxovrob. socialur dazRvevas vRebulobT, xandaxan wamlebiT da zamTarSi SeSiT gvexmrebian, sxva araferi. Zalian cudi mdgomareobaa, abanoSi yvelaferi damtvreulia, wyali ar gvaqvs. arafers ufrTxildebian,"-es giorgi pavliaSvilis sityvebia, romelic erT-erTia imaTgan, vinc 2008 wels agvistos omis Sedegadad dazaralda da goris erT-erTi skolis, `inteleqtis" SenobaSi Seasaxles. sawyis etapze skolaSi infrastruqtura mowesrigebuli iyo. gamarTulad muSaobda wyalgayvaniloba, dagebuli iyo iataki, skolas wesrigSi hqonda fanjrebi da eleqtrogayvaniloba, Tumca, dRes yvelaferi sxvagvaradaa. Tavad ltolvilebic adastureben im faqts, rom Semosaxlebamde Senoba ukeTes mdgomareobaSi iyo, axla ki saxezea amoyrili iataki, romelsac RumelisaTvis iyeneben, saRebavCamoyrili kedlebi, dazianebuli Weri, gadamwvari sadenebi, dazianebuli wyalsadeni milebi, damsxvreuli kafeli da CamoSlili sapirfareSo. Tumca, adgilobrivebi amas

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problemad ar miiCneven, radgan gacilebiT ufro mniSvnelovani problemebi aqvT, normaluri cxovrebisTvis saWiro saxsrebis arqonis saxiT. am SenobaSi SesaxlebulTa Soris imyofebian rogorc sazRvrismiRma darCenili soflebis mcxovreblebi, aseve goris soflebidan Camosuli dazaralebulebi, romlebic maTi sacxovrebeli saxlis aRdgenas iTxoven. rogorc goris municipalitetis Tavmjdomare daviT razmaZe iuwyeba, dazaralebulebs saxelmwifosgan gadaecaT Tanxa saxlebis aRsadgenad, Tumca, Tanxa miznobrivad ar gamouyenebiaT. amas garda, skolaSi Sesaxlebulebis didi nawili iq ukanonod imyofeba, nawils ki binebic aqvT. dazaralebulebTan gasaubrebisas gavigeT, rom mTavari problema Semosavalis arqonaa. maT ar hyofniT socialuri dazRveva, radgan umetesoba umuSevaria. aq SexvdebiT eqvsi Svilis mamas, romelic xandaxan muSad muSaobs da ase arCens ojaxs, 43 wlis mamakacs, romelic samsaxurs ver iwyebs, ganaTlebis arqonis gamo da 69 wlis dedis pensiiT irCens Tavs, aseve

gzavnili

Tamuna gegiZe


aprili 2014 ori Svilis mamas, romelic ojaxis wevrebis daxmarebiT bazarSi muSaobs, Tumca sacxovrebelSi arsebuli cudi pirobebis gamo, mosavali eyineba da usaxsrod rCeba. rogorc xuTSviliani ojaxis deda, 44 wlis mzia qareli, acxadebs, socialuri daxmarebis saxiT is weliwadSi erTxel xuTas lars Rebulobs, romelic araferSi hyofniT. aseve ar aris sakmarisi mTavrobis mier yovel wels gadacemuli SeSa, romelic zamTris bolomde ar yofniT. is ambobs, rom bavSvebs skolaSi urigeben saxelmZRvaneloebs, Tumca orma Svilma mxolod cxra klasi daamTavra, radgan gagrZelebas azri ar hqonda, momavalSi mainc ver aswavlidnen. meore ojaxSi, amboben, rom mis Svils wignebs urigebdnen, magram is ar swavlobda, arc skolaSi dadioda da skolidan mouvida informacia, rom amis gamo saxelmZRvanelos aRar gadascemdnen. dedis sityvebiT, mas arc gakvirvebia, radgan misi Svili marTlac ar swavlobs. yvelaze rTul situaciaSi aq xandazmulebi arian. moxuci col-qmari, romelic martoni cxovroben, goris raionis sofeli merisidan arian. isini daayaCaRes da iZulebuli gaxdnen, sacxovreblad aq gadmosuliyvnen. amboben, rom daxmarebis saxiT Rebuloben medikamentebs da SeSas zamTrisTvis. ukmayofilo arian imiT, rom adgilobrivebi ar ufrTxildebian sacxovrebels da Zalian cud mdgomareobaSia saabazano. 69 wlis elene mzarevliSvili acxadebs, rom mTavrobisgan mxolod pirveladi daxmareba miiRo sawolebisa da sabnebis saxiT, garda amisa, Rebulobs 150 lars, socialur daxmarebas. misi erTaderTi Txovnaa, SeukeTon sacxovrebeli adgili, radgan surs, sicocxlis bolo wlebi iq gaataros.

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amisa, wina wels Catarebuli aRricxviT, adgilobrivebis didi nawili ukanonodaa Sesaxlebuli, Tumca maT gasaxlebas winasaarCevno periodSi yvela erideba. socialurad daucvelebis dasaqmebis problemaze saubrisas daviT razmaZe acxadebs, rom umuSevroba mxolod devnilebis problema ar aris da mTel saqarTveloSia es problema. Tumca, municipalitets esec gaTvaliswinebuli aqvs da roca axal sawarmos xsnian, xelSekrulebis dadebisas erT-erTi moTxovna ltolvilebis dasaqmebaa. magaliTad, ixsenebs manqanebis samSeneblo kompanias, romelic ijariT gacemul teritoriaze ixsneba, xelSekrulebaSi miTiTebulia rom aq 50-60-mde ltolvili unda dasaqmdes.

gzavnili

adgilobrivebis problemebTan dakavSirebiT goris municipalitetis Tavmjdomare acxadebs, rom jandacvis sakiTxebs awesrigebs jandacvis saminsitro, sxva danarCen problemas ki ltolvilTa da gansaxlebis saministro. municipalitets mxolod da mxolod gare komunikaciebi evaleba, wylisa da denis saxiT. Tumca, arc am mxriv aris yvelaferi gamarTuli. mosaxleobis TqmiT, Suqi sami Tvis win CarTes, manamde ki rva Tve uSuqod iyvnen. aqvT wylis problemac, wyali Widan moaqvT. municipalitetis Tavmjdomaris gancxadebiT, skolis infrastruqtura absoluturad mowesrigebuli iyo, roca iq ltolvilebi Seasaxles, mas Semdeg ki yvelaferi ganadgurda. garda


aprili 2014 evaleba Tu ara municipalitets im problemebis mowesrigeba, rac devnilebma gviambes, gaurkvevelia, magram, cxadia, sacxovreblis sisufTaves da pirobebis SenarCunebas verc municipaliteti da verc mTavroba ver uzrunvelyofs, Tu adgilobrivebi ar gaufrTxildebian.

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berbuki

momavlis rwmeniT xatia mexriSvili goris centraluri stadionis win gaCerebaze Tu daelodebiT nomer 4 an 41 samarSuto taqsis da bolomde gahyvebiT, berbukis dasaxlebaSi mixvalT - es aris dasaxleba, romelic 2008 wlis agvistomde ar arsebobda. manamde aq dausaxlebeli teritoria iyo, axla ki am adgilas daaxloebiT 130 `erTnairi" saxli dgas. TiTqos yvelafers erTi feri aqvs. isini `iZulebiT" cxovroben am erTnair saxlebSi, erTnairi problemebiT. maTi msgavsi saqarTveloSi TiTqmis 4 000 ojaxia. istoriac yvelas erTnairi da (ukve) `banaluri" aqvT, patarpatara gansxvavebebiT. berbukis dasaxlebaSi erT-erT saxlSi cxovrobs ojaxi, romelic 1995 wlidan 2008 wlamde sofel argvicSi cxovrobda. axla isinic am `erTferovnebis" nawilni arian. sofeli argvici adre cxinvalis raions ekuTvnoda, Semdeg ki goris raionis SemadgenlobaSi gadavida. is eredvidan ramdenime kilometrSia.

cxovreba argvicSi (respondentis TxovniT saxeli Secvlilia) nino (maSin is 27 wlis iyo), romelic skolis damTavrebis Semdeg TbilisSi cxovrobda, muSaobda, 1995 wels gaTxovda da sacxovreblad sofel argvicSi gadavida. `me TviTonac goris raionidan var, magram ise viyavi gadaCveuli soflis cxovrebas, veRar warmomedgina, Tu isev miwas davamuSavebdi an Zroxas movwvelidi, magram siyvaruliT gavTxovdi da ar hqonda amas ukve mniSvneloba," _ gviambobs igi.

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ninos meuRle iqve, sofelTan axlos wiTel miwebze muSaobda, traqtors marTavda. ojaxs ar uWirda finansurad. nino saxls da patara bostans uvlida. `sul grZeli frCxilebi mqonda xolme da gaTxovebis Semdeg, roca pirvelad momtyda, bevri vitire"- dRes igi ase ixsenebs Tavis pirvel `tragedias~. male maT ori vaJi SeeZinaT. zrdidnen bavSvebs, miwas amuSavebdnen, uvlidnen xexils da cxovrobdnen ise, rogorc erTi Cveulebrivi bednieri ojaxi.

2008 weli `es iyo weli, romelmac yvelaferi Tavdayira daayena. aba, warmoidgine, erT diliT iRviZeb: yvelaferi gaqvs da saRamos ukve manqanaSi zixar, ramdenime patara CanTiT, ojaxis wevrebTan erTad da bombebis xmis TanxlebiT toveb sakuTar saxls, romelsac amdeni weli awyobdi da aSenebdi". - ixsenebs nino. soflidan wamosvlis Semdeg, igi mTeli ojaxiT rusTavSi, baRis SenobaSi moxvda. iq 3 Tve gaatares saSinel pirobebSi. baRSi cxovrebis periodSi mTavrobisa da arasamTavrobo organizaciebis daxmarebebs iRebdnen. tansacmels, saWmels, piradi moxmarebis nivTebs...

berbukis dasaxleba `es dasaxleba Cveni surviliT avirCieT, gorTan axlosaa da erT-erTi mizezi es iyo," - 2008 wlis noembris TveSi nino da misi ojaxi ukve axal saxlSi gadavida, sadac mcire aveji da WurWeli daxvdaT. - `roca axali gadmosulebi viyaviT cota WurWeli gvqonda, xandaxan, roca

gzavnili

axlo warsulis tkivili,


aprili 2014

rame damWirdeboda, magaliTad, saxexi, an Tundac saceri da vicodi, rom mqonda, viwyebdi Zebnas, mere uceb maxsendeboda, rom aq ki ara, argvicSi mqonda es nivTi. Tavidan Zalian xSirad memarTeboda ase, axla ukve miveCvie"ixsenebs igi. am dasaxlebis yvelaze didi problema aris is, rom kanalizacia ar gaaCniaT. saxlebis ukan dgas xis sapirfareSoebi da saabazanoebi saerTod araa. - `wvimian amindSi aq saSineleba xdeba, warmoudgenelia sapirfareSoSi Sesvla",- gviziarebs ojaxis diasaxlisi Tavis wuxils da gvisxnis, rom visac saSualeba hqonda, gaakeTes abazanebi. winasaarCevnod ki goris municipalitetic Sehpirda berbukis mosaxleobas, rom male moagvarebdnen am problemas. maketebic ki aCvenes, magram jer araferi ar gakeTebula. mosaxleobam gancxadeba ramdenjerme dawera da elodebian, rodis daiwyeba samuSaoebi. rogorc maT uTxres, es problema iman gamoiwvia, rom am adgilTan axlos ar iyo sakanalizacio sistema, amitomac ver moxerxda droulad gaekeTebinaT. kidev erTi didi problema dasaqmebaa. omis Semdeg yvelam dakarga samsaxuri, Tundac miwa da xexilis baRebi, romliTac arCendnen ojaxebs. am mxriv saxelmwifos aranairi dasaqmebis programa ar ganuxorcielebia.

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TiToeul ojaxs gadaeca adgilze 6 measedi miwa saxlianad da 50 measedi dasamuSaveblad. ukve wlebia, aRarc humanitaruli daxmarebebi aRar midis dasaxlebaSi. `Cemi meuRle periodulad muSaobs, xan mSeneblobaze, xan vinmes nakveTis damuSavebaSi exmareba da amiT vcxovrobT," - wuxiliT Cailaparakebs diasaxlisi.

sazRvars iqiT `rodesac dedaCemTan mivdivar xolme (isic goris raionSi cxovrobs), gzidan Cans argvici da patara ganaTebuli adgili, sul mainteresebda, ra iyo da mere gavigeT, rom argvicis kulturis centrSi da policiis SenobaSi jari yofila ganlagebuli". Google-Si, saZiebo sityvad `argvici" rom miuTiToT, bevr iseT suraTs naxavT sadac damwvari da dangreuli saxlebia aRbeWdili. es suraTebi omis Semdeg maleve gamoCnda internetSi. `Zalian didi stresi iyo, am fotoebis naxva mTeli ojaxisaTvis. simarTle giTxraT, Zlivs vicani Cemi saxli. zogierTi mezoblis saxli iseTi ganadgurebulia, saerTod ver mivxvdi, romeli iyo," - es omis gamoZaxilia, romelmac uamravi ojaxi sakuTari miwebidan devnilad aqcia.


gzavnili

momavali `Cemi pirveli safiqrali Svilebia. isini jer skolaSi arian, kargad swavloben, ufrosi _ gansakuTrebiT. imedi maqvs, meqneba saSualeba da saxelmwifoc damexmareba, rom maT kargi ganaTleba mivce. roca Cemi saxlidan wamovedi da aq aRmovCndi, megona, rom ver SevZlebdi verafers da ver gavuZlebdi am gaWirvebas, magram, uflis wyalobiT, yvelaferi gadavitaneT, ase Tu ise. adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebs velodebiT, imedi gvaqvs, axla mainc Seasruleben danapirebs da sakanalizacio sistemas da sxva problemebs moagvareben... am yvelafris gadatanis Semdeg mivxvdi, rom Zlieri vyofilvar, adre Tu motexili frCxilis gamo vtirodi, axla saerTod veRar vamCnev msgavs problemebs da imaze vzrunav, rom Cems Svilebs kargi momavali hqondeT. maTTvis isic sakmarisia, rac aseT patara asakSi gadaitanes da imedi maqvs, rom aRaravis aRar mouwevs msgavsi saSinelebis gamovla..." - es ki ukve ninos imedia, momavlis imedi, romelic aucileblad gamarTldeba...

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aprili 2014

reportaJi tinisxididan giorgi SaverdaSvili

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saxli, romelic mxolod erTi oTaxis, ori celofangakruli fanjrisagan da saxuravisgan Sedgeba. Robis magivrobas aqa-iq CarWobili gaTlili joxebi da masze gablanduli mavTulxlarTebi asruleben.

gzavnili

35


aprili 2014 kvira dilaa. gezs qalaq goridan viReb da mis axlos mdebare, erT-erT sofel tinisxids mivaSureb. asfaltian gzas moxreSili gza cvlis. manqana orRobidan orRobeSi gadis. erTi-meoreze ,,ukeTesi" saxlebi erTmaneTs enacvlebian. gazafxulis mosvla ukve dastyobia aminds, baRebSi xalxi gamoSlila da sagazafxulo samuSaoebs Sesdgomian, irgvliv fusfusisa da Jriamulis xma ismis. papa xexils sxlavs, bebo ki Tesavs... ezoSi morbenali da moxtunave bavSvebi Canan... ganwyoba maRldeba, xalisi matulobs, bednierebis SegrZneba

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meufleba da is-isaa unda vTqva, ra mSvenieria cxovreba-meTqi, rom ganwyoba umal fuWdeba, warbebi ikvreba, Subli iWmuxneba... manqana saxlTan Cerdeba... saxlTan, romelsac siZvelis, siRatakisa da siRaribis kvali amCnevia.. esaa saxli, romelic mxolod erTi oTaxis, ori celofangakruli fanjrisagan da saxuravisgan Sedgeba. Robis magivrobas aqa-iq CarWobili gaTlili joxebi da masze gablanduli mavTulxlarTebi asruleben. saxelis daZaxeba msurs, magram TiTqos ena ar


sxartad avrbivar kibeze da saxlSi Sevdivar. karTan daJangebuli Tunuqis Rumeli megebeba, romelsac siZvelisgan adgil-adgil naxvretebi gasCenia da ucecxlobisgan gayinula. rkinis oTxi moryeuli sawoli, magida, ori skami, WurWlis karada, karadaze plastmasis ramdenime jami, rkinis qvabi da TefSebi alagia.... marjvena kuTxe televizors daukavebia, romelic imdenad Zvelia, rom erTi Sexed-

problemebiT dainteresebuli adamianis danaxvisas, Tvalebi TiTqos sxvanirad iwyeben yurebas, molodinisgan daRlil TvalebSi imedis naperwklebi akiafdnen. saxlis kibe ficrulisganaa Sekruli, alagalag lursmans Tavi amouyvia da ise irweva, ifiqreb, sadacaa fexqveS gamomecleba da miwaze davecemio. xels Zlierad vkideb saxelurs,

viTve etyoba, Tavadac ar axsovs bolos rodis iyo CarTuli.

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ucxo adamianis danaxvisas bavSvebi erTmaneTs exlebian, fexebSi eblandebian da TiTqos aRar ician, oTaxis oTxi kedlidan romels aetuzon. mariami 11 wlisaa, Teona _ 7 wlis, 3 wlis nini ki, pledSi gaxveuli, loginze

gzavnili

memorCileba. nanaxma molodins gadaaWarba. amasobaSi ojaxis diasaxlisi gamodis da aseve fiCxebisgan Sekrul e.w. ezos karTan megebeba. TiTqos gaWirvebasa da dards mis saxeze kvali daumCneviaT... maxvili Tvali mis TvalebSi umal amoikiTxavs, Tu ramden dards itevs igi. eliso grigoriani sofel tinisxidis mcxovrebi, 34 wlis, 5 Svilis deda da lursmanaSvilebis ojaxis diasaxlisia. misi ojaxis


aprili 2014

wevs... sicivisgan mobuzuli bavSvebi virusuli xvelebisgan arc ise sasaimovno xmebs gamoscemen. 16 wlis Temuri jarTis saZebnelad, mis mosaTxrelad da cotaodeni fulis saSovneladaa wasuli. 14 wlis nika, sawolze zis, Tavs zeviT ar wevs da arc sityvas ambobs... xelSi sadenebi uWiravs da masSi moTavsebuli spilenZis gamorCevas cdilobs. ojaxis ufrosi, 36 ilia lursmanaSvili, goris bazarSia wasuli. savaWrod ara, arc sayidlebze, is urikaze muSaobs da ase, mTeli dRe ,,klients" ucdis. kapiks kapikze adebs da SvilebisTvis saWmeli moaqvs, romelic didi mravalferovnebiT ar gamoirCeva. qalbatoni eliso gulRia, daufarav da da sevdian saubars iwyebs. mamamTilis gardacvalebis Semdeg, sofel wmindawyaroSi saxlis gayidva mouwiaT. usaxlkarod gasuli 14 weli, momTabare cxovreba da bolos sofel tinisxidSi, sxvis saxlSi Sekedleba. ramdenime winadadebis Semdeg, misi erTaderTi survilic gasagebi xdeba: sakuTari saxlis qona. eliso grigorianis TqmiT, axla mxolod RmerTis daxmarebis imediRa aqvs. ,,sxva araferi minda, aravis ar vTxov arc saWmels, arc fuls. Cemi erTaderTi natvra da survili sakuTari saxlis qonaa. meSinia, rom erT dRes momiwevs am saxlis daclac da bavSvebi Ria cis qveS damrCebian". rogorc Tavad ambobs, mazlis daojaxebis Semdeg, dedamTili masTan gadavida sacxovreblad. ojaxis wevris moklebam ki, Tvenaxevaria socialuri daxmarebis SeCereba gamoiwvia. misi TqmiT, socmuSakebi aRwerisTvis 12 dReSi unda mosuliyvnen, raTa daxmareba kvlav daniSvnodaT, magram 3 kvira gavida mis mere da kvlavac aravin Cans. qalbatonma elisom daxmarebisTvis, garda goris gamgeobisa, fond ,,iavnanas" xelmZRvanels, baton paata burWulaZesac mimarTa, magram oficialuri qorwinebis sabuTis ar arsebobis gamo, daxmareba ver miiRo. ojaxs aseve erTi problema aqvs, romelic 14 wlis nikasTan aris dakavSirebuli. nikas Tavis tvinis garTulebuli Sakikis diagnozi aqvs. mfeTqavi xasiaTis Tavis tkivilis Zlieri Setevebi aReniSneba, romelsac dabuJebis an sicivis SegrZneba axlavs Tan. nika Tavis tvinis tomografias saWiroebs, romlis saxsrebic ojaxs ar gaaCnia. qalbatoni elisos TqmiT, maTi problemiT mravaljer dainteresebula media, gaukeTebiaT siuJetebi telekompania ,,TrialeTs", ,,maestros", magram yvelafers gamoxmaurebis gareSe Cauvlia. ,,5 bavSviT veravis miadgebi saxlis daclis SemTxvevaSi, momiwevs gamgeobasTan mivide Cemi SvilebiT da iq viyo daxmarebis imediT,~ _ -ambobs igi. ojaxs arc meurneoba aqvs. imisTvis, rom miwa daamuSaon da mosavali moiyvanon, saTesle masalaa saWiro, risi saxsrebic aseve ar gaaCniaT. maTi sakvebis yoveldRiuri racioni zeTis, brinjisa da makaronisgan Sedgeba... gasula dReebi, roca sakvebis gareSe yofilan. ezoSi mosiarule 3 qaTami da erTi ixvi, esaa is, rasac ojaxi flobs.

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gzavnili maTTan xangrZlivi da sevdiani saubris Semdeg, ojaxs vemSvidobebi. qalbatoni eliso RobesTan dgas, mariami da Teona, romelTac dakonkili tansacmeli sxeuls Zlivs ufaravT, dedas ukan dasdgomian da ase, yvela erTad imedis TvalebiT macileben. lursmanaSvilebis ojaxis problemebiT, goris municipalitets mivakiTxe. Rrma da detaluri saubrisas, goris sakrebulos Tavmjdomare, daviT razmaZe ambobs, rom municipalitetis balansze arc erTi carieli bina araa, rom maTTvis gamoiyos, radgan yvelgan ltolvilebi arian Sesaxlebulebi. ,,CemTan eg xalxi ar yofila, ar vflob informacias am ojaxis mdgomareobaze. socialuri da jandacvis sakiTxebis gadawyveta centraluri mTavrobis kompetenciaSi Sedis. Cven rac SegviZlia, aris is, rom socialurad daucvel ojaxs, oficialuri statusis SemTxvevaSi, kuTvnil 500 lars gamovuyofT, romelic weliwadSi erTxel ekuTvniT maT", _ ambobs daviT razmaZe. amasobaSi ki mezoblebis, naTesavebis, bavSvebis pedagogebis daxmarebiT gadis dReebi, Tveebi da daxmarebis imedad darCenili ojaxis cxovreba cvlilebebis gareSe da xvalindeli ukeTesi dRis molodiniT grZeldeba.

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`georgievskis traqtati" 2014 wels TaTia kakiaSvili

aprili 2014

politikuri cvlilebis Semdeg molodinebis gaumarTleblobiT ukmayofilo karaleTis mosaxleoba mSvelelsa da mxsnels isev erTmorwmune ruseTSi xedavs. goris raionis sofeli karaleTi bevri rTuli problemis winaSe dgas da, mosaxleobis TqmiT, isini ZlivZlivobiT umklavdebian arsebul viTarebas, gansakuTrebiT - siduxWires.

karaleTis mcxovrebi - 49 wlis vaJa beraSvili sakmaod mWevrmetyveli aRmoCnda da daufaravad isaubra sirTuleebis Sesaxeb: - karaleTi absoluturad gaCerebuli da CaZirulia. mas Zalian didi istoria aqvs. amJamad karaleTis mosaxleoba didi problemebis winaSe dgas. sofelSi bevri mravalsuliani ojaxia, romlebic gaWirvebaSi arian, magram mainc rogorRac umklavdebian: Cemi asakis mamakacebi kvlav samsaxurebis ZiebaSi arian, veZebT xalxs, romlebic dagvasaqmeben. mosaxleobis TiTqmis 90% CarTulia soflis meurneobaSi, Zalian mcire nawili saxelmwifo samsaxurebSia dasaqmebuli. karaleTSi soflis meurneobac gagvirTulda im mxriv, rom aq didi ganukiTxaobaa, mosaxleobas saqonlis Zoveba uWirs, is teritoriebi aRar gvaqvs. amas davamatoT ekologiuri garemo, karaleTSi aravin ufrTxildeba nargavebs, naTesebs. . . Cveni gamgebeli ramaz papitaSvilia, romelic, simarTle unda vTqva, Zalian cdilobs, sofelsa da mosaxleobas daexmaros, Tumca am yvela problemas mxolod erTi adamiani ver gadaWris.

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- batono vaJa, sazRvrebTan dakavSirebiT ras

gvetyviT?

- rusebs Cveni teritoriebidan miTvisebuli araferi aqvT. Cemi azriT, Cven rusebTan konfliqti ar unda gvqondes. rasac evropa akeTebs msoflio masStabiT, didi Secdomaa im mxriv, rom yvelaferi, rac xdeba, swored evropidan modis. mas didi gavlena aqvs yvela ersa da naciaze. ra saWiro iyo amdeni ucxoeli adamianis saqarTveloSi dasaqmeba? Cven mcire eri varT im bevri adamianiT, romlebic usaqmod da ulukmapurod daiarebian.

- anu Tqven ruseTs emxrobiT? - me ruseTs vemxrobi. sanam ruseTTan megobrulad viyaviT, manam yvelaferi kargad gvqonda. dRes ubralod gavixedoT: vin aSenebs ubralo patara oTaxsac ki? veravin! imitom, rom Cveni glexoba rusul bazarze iyo damokidebuli. glexi karaleTidan produqts rom gaitanda,


- axla ratom veRar axdenT produqtis realizacias? - imitom, rom Cven produqts axla arc myidveli hyavs da aRarc gamyidveli. adre Cveni produqti rusul bazarze gadioda. rac ruseTTan urTierToba gawyda, amis Semdeg gamoikveTa es problema. ruseTSi vaSli, kombosto, pomidori gagvqonda. dResdReobiT TbilisSi es produqcia iseT fasebSi iyideba, rom glexs ar uRirs misi moyvana, radgan ufro Zviri jdeba es yvelaferi da Semosavali ar viTardeba. magaliTad, rac erTi Ziri kombostos moyvana jdeba, imas glexi vaWrobiT ver iRebs, rom xarjebi dafaros.

- ra molodini aqvs karaleTis mosaxleobas `qarTuli ocnebisgan"? - me imis imedi maqvs, rom `qarTulma ocnebam: Tu ruseTTan konfliqti moagvara, CaTvaleT, rom yvelaferi kargad iqneba. am mTavrobam da qarTvelma xalxma unda gaixedon win da ara ukan imitom, rom aq isev ise Tu ucxoelebi Semovlen, gabatondebian nel-nela.

- rusebi saqarTveloze rom batonobdnen, isini ucxoelebi ar iyvnen? - dRes SeiZleba CavTvaloT ucxoelebad, maSin es ase ar iyo. amerikaSi aTasi rjulia: musulmani, kaTolike da yvelanairi aRmsarebeli, magram ruseTsa da saqarTvelos mama-papaTagan qristianoba gvaerTianebs.

- 2008 wlis omamde ra situacia iyo karaleTSi da ra Seicvala omis Semdgom?

- anu, Tqven ambobT, rom erTmorwmuneoba gamosavalia?

- 2008 wlamde umaRlesi donis cxovreba gvqonda: ergneTi muSaobda, marTalia, osebsa da qarTvelebs Soris daZabuloba iyo, magram SevrigdiT, raRacnairad erTmaneTSi movrigdiT. Cveni bazari ergneTSi araCveulebrivad muSaobda. imis mere, rac saakaSvilma Tavisi araswori gza SemoiRo, anu rom egona, amerika gviSveliso, Secda Zalian - amerika aravis ar uSvelis. saakaSvilma didi Secdoma dauSva, rom airCia amerika da ara ruseTi.

- ki, sworedac erTmorwmuneobaa gamosavali. qQ ristianoba gaxlavT Cveni Serigebis 100%-iani garanti.

- mas Semdeg, rac `nacionaluri moZraoba" wavida xelisuflebidan da movida `qarTuli ocneba", rame cvlilebebs xedavT? - cvlilebas, faqtobrivad, ver vxedavT, radgan problema kvlav erTia: nacionalebi amaTSic TiToorolad SemorCenilebi arian da axal mTavrobas xels uSlian Canafiqrebis ganxorcielebaSi.

- rogor fiqrobT, rogor SeiZleba gamosavlis gamonaxva? - gamosavali erTia: karaleTs aqvs Zalian didi potenciali, rom win wavides. stalinis Semdeg periodSi muSavdeboda am adgilis daxvewis gegma, romelSic troleibusis daniSvnac Sedioda. Bbatonymobis gadavardnis Semdeg, erisTavebi gaaZeves aqedan. maSin iseTi ambavi datrialda, rom erisTavebi erTmaneTs gadaekidnen. Ees SuRli dRemde grZeldeba.

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- istoriul `georgievskis traqtatze" ras ityviT? maSinac xom erTmorwmuneobis imedad SevekariT rusebs? - qarTvelebi da rusebi istoriulad qristianebi varT, Tumca, amis miuxedavad, Cven Soris SuRli da mtroba sul arsebobda. amis mizezi erTia - upiratesobas mudam ucxoelebs vaniWebdiT, ucxoelebs da ara Cvens erTmorwmune mezobels da es gvyofda da CvenSi mtrobas Tesavda. Eerekle meorem maSin daxmareba imitom moiTxova, rom patara eri varT, patara saxelmwifo da vinme sayrdeni gvWirdeboda. vis unda SevebrZoloT da davupirispirdeT? qristiani qristians ar unda upirispirdebodes. vaJa beroSvili erTaderTi araa sofel karaleTSi, visac erTmorwmuneoba ruseTTan megobrobisa da idiliuri cxovrebis gasaRebad miaCnia. ramdenad Sorsaa soflis mkvidrTa Sexedulebebi realobisgan, erTi SefasebiT, rTuli saTqmelia, Tumca mosaxleobasTan saubris Semdeg naTelia, rom karaleTisTvis qarTuli andaza, SeCveuli Wiri gerCivnos SeuCvevelso, cxovrebis laitmotivia. . .

gzavnili

daaxloebiT, 50-100 yuT vaSls, iqidan imdeni fuli Camohqonda, rom mas navaWriT saxlis aSenebac SeeZlo. dResdResobiT, es ase aRaraa.


moyviTalo WiSkrebs miRma naTia suxitaSvili goridan rva kilometris savalze camde awvdenili xeebis xeivans gascdebi da sofelic iwyeba. rac ufro Rrmad Sedixar sofelSi, mavTulis Robeebs odesRac yviTlad SeRebili, Tumca ukve gaxunebuli da fermkrTali meseri cvlis, xolo patara miwurebsa da qoxebs _ wiTeli aguriT naSenebi orsarTuliani, erTmaneTze myarad mibjenili saxlebi. am saxlebis ukan baRbostnebisaken mimavali mocekvave orRobeebi da am orRobeSi axlad ayvavebuli xexili Cans.

aprili 2014

am soflis Zveli da axali saxelwodebebis Sesaxeb arsebobs gadmocemebi, Tumca aqaurebs gansakuTrebiT is Tqmuleba uyvarT, romelic Tamar mefes ukavSirdeba - didi siamayiT yveba am Tqmulebas nodar TuSiSvili, romelic goris raionSi sofel karaleTSi daibada da gaizarda.

,,Tqmulebis mixedviT Tamar mefes jari daubanakebia naWarmagevis maxloblad. buneba Zalian lamazi yofila. Tamari moxiblula misi mSvenierebiT, RamiT ar CasZinebia, gareT gamosula asula maRlobze da iqidan gadmouxedavs jarisTvis, romelic karvebSi isvenebda. Tamars uTqvms `namdvili karaveTiao~. `karaveTi~ SemdegSi gadakeTebula karaleTad da soflisTvisac es saxeli daurqmeviaT.~

,,Cems bed-iRbals ar vemduri: kargad wavida Cemi cxovreba, kargi Svilebi, SviliSvilebi da SvilTaSvilebi myavs, ambobs CvenTan saubrisas warsulSi jer cekviT, Semdeg WidaobiT gatacebuli 78 wlis nodar TuSiSvili, romelic ukve 10 welia Tavis saparikmaxeroSi, rogorc TviTon uwodebs, Tavis msgavs moxucebs mowesrigebaSi exmareba da Tmis SeWrasa da wveris gaparsvas sTavazobs.

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daaxloebiT ori kvadratuli metri farTis mqone salonSi gardacvlili sayvareli megobris suraTTan erTad stalinis suraTi ukidia da sicivesac SeSis RumeliT ebrZvis. avadmyofebisagan fuls ar iRebs da 8 adamians usasyidlod emsaxureba, maT Sorisaa bavSvobis saukeTeso megobari 79 wlis aleqsi.

saSualebas arc garemo gvaZlevs da arc Cveni materialuri mdgomareoba,~ _ gveubneba giorgi da amatebs, rom aq axalgazrda verafers gaakeTebs, garda barvisa, Tu ar CavTvliT Widaobis im Cempionatebs, romlebic aTasSi erTxel eklesiis ezoSi dResaswaulebze imarTeba maSin, rodesac damfinansebeli gamoCndeba.

,,Tavisufal dros nards vTamaSobT me da aleqsi. Cven bavSvobis megobrebi varT, aq Cveni mesame bavSvobis megobris suraTi gavadide da Camovkide. Zalian miyvarda, esec miyvars da sikvdilamde vimegobrebT, - dasZens nodar TuSiSvili.

miuxedavad imisa, rom dRes sofel karaleTSi moqmedebs skola, aqvs sakuTari bagabaRi da ori moqmedi eklesia, aq ar arsebobs aranairi kulturuli kera, romelic axalgazrdebis ganviTarebaze iqneboda orientirebuli. ,,21 wlis var, bari da Toxi miWiravs da vToxni, meti ra unda gavakeTo, sxva ramis gakeTebis

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Tumca arian iseTebic, romlebic momavals optimisturad uyureben da ukeTesis imedi aqvT. maT Sorisaa 21 wlis nika, romelic sakontraqto samxedro samsaxurSi msaxurobs da karaleTSi meuRlesa da erTi wlis qaliSvilTn erTad cxovrobs. `am wuTas aq axalgazrdas garTobis, kulturuli cxovrebisa Tu ganviTarebis saSualeba ar gaaCnia, magram gvaqvs teritoria da SesaZlebloba imisa, rom bevri ram gavakeToT,~ - ambobs nika da dasZens, rom misi Svilebi aq gaizrdebian, aqaur

gzavnili

nodar TuSiSvilis ,,saparikmaxeros xSiri stumaria 64 wlis Tengizic, romelic im erTaderT wisqvilSi muSaobs, romelic sofels emsaxureba. rogorc TviTon ambobs, dReSi 5-dan 50 kilogramamde simindis dafqva uwevs. Tumca imis gamo, rom wyalis simZlavre wisqvils ar hyofnis, muSaoba Zalian uWirs: ,,elqselebs imisTvis vTxove, daeSva CemTvis sami faza, rom wisqvils mudmivad vamuSavebdi Semosavalic cotaodeni meqneboda. imaT 1200 lari momTxoves sami fazis Semosayvanad,~ gviyveba Tengizi da ambobs, rom apirebs, saministros mimarTos TxovniT, radgan am Tanxis gadaxda ar SeuZlia, sofels ki wisqvili sWirdeba.

is kulturis centri, romelic sofels erT dros hqonda, axla mxolod mogonebadaa qceuli da sofels misgan nangrevebiRa SemorCa. 72 wlis gulizar beraSvils dResac axsovs is pirveli STabeWdileba, romelic kulturis centrSi nanaxma speqtaklma dautova: ,,maSin axali rZali viyavi, pirvelad rom daveswari speqtakls kulturis centrSi, maxsovs, TviTon Senobac Zalian lamazi da kargad mowyobili iyo, magram komunistebis Semdeg, cxovreba rom airia, xalxma gaitana da gaZarcva.~ _ gveubneba gulizar bebo. miuxedavad soflis mosaxleobis survilisa, aravin apirebs kulturis centris aRdgenas. rogorc vaJa beraSvili ambobs, soflis gamgebelTan waradgines gancxadeba, rom kulturis centri aRedginaT, magram uTxres, Zalian Zviri jdebao.


aprili 2014

xedi kokomunistebis droindeli kino-saxlis nangrevebidan

skolas daamTavreben da aqaurebi iqnebian. ,,axla sofeli absoluturad gaCerebulia, Torem warsuli da istoria karaleTs didi aqvs,~ - ambobs 49 wlis vaJa beraSvili da Tavis istorias gviyveba - ,,rom vTqva, adre didi Tanamdebobebi mekava-meTqi, ara, magram vmuSaobdi soflis meurneobaSi, viyavi dacvis ufrosi. amJamad umuSevari var, veRarafers vakeTeb. veZeb patar-patara samuSaoebs, rom viRacam damasaqmos da es aris Cemi 7-suliani ojaxis rCenis ZiriTadi saSualeba. Cveni glexoba, ZiriTadad, damokidebuli iyo rusul bazarze: aqedan rom waiRebda glexi 50 yuT vaSls, imdeni fuli Camohqonda, rom normaluri arsebobisaTvis hyofnida. axla Cvens produqcias myidveli aRar hyavs,~ - ambobs vaJa beraSvili da miaCnia, rom es problemebi mas Semdeg daiwyo, rac saqarTvelosa da ruseTs Soris urTierToba daiZaba da goris mosaxleobas ruseTis bazarze gasasvleli daekarga, raSic mTeli sofeli, didi Tu patara, erTxmad eTanxmeba. gasul zafxuls omar xaTaSvilma 4 tona vaSli mxolod imis gamo gadayara, rom bazarze ver gaitana da verc qarxanaSi Caabara.

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,,gadavyare imitom, rom ar saRdeboda, es Cveni xelisuflebis bralia, 10 welia, xili bazarze ar gagvitania. 2008 wlis agvistos omamde nawilobriv mainc gagvqonda ergneTis bazarze. Eaxla mandac veRar gagvaqvs. wels ar viciT, ra iqneba, uflis imedad varT darCenilebi.~ gviyveba vaJa beraSvili. mis msgavsad, karaleTelebi tonobiT moyvanili kombosto gadayrasac apireben: ,,ai, axla xalxs 20 tona kombosto aqvT da unda gadayaron, imitom, rom misi moyvanis fass ki ara, muSis fulsac ki ver iReben, gasayidad rom gaitanon. 10 TeTri gvijdeba moyvana, gasayidi fasi 15 TeTric ki ar aris. amitom iZulebulebi varT, gadavyaroT.~ - gviyveba 28 wlis goCa. sofels mzis Casvlisas vtoveb. . . saRamos susxSic ki ukve gazafxulis surneli igrZnoba. . . Camavali mzis oqrosfer sxivebze, isedac fermkrTali, yviTeli meserebi ufro fermkrTaldeba da saRamos burusSi exveva. . . 80 wels gadacilebuli glexi, jafiT daRlili da daRarul Sublze mjiR moCrdilebuli, isev horizonts gascqeris. . . gascqeris imediT, ukeTesi momavalisa. . .


gzavnili

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,,goris gareSe cxovreba ar warmomidgenia~ Tako vaxtangiSvili

aprili 2014

lali baiaZe - qalaq gorSi misi saxeli yvelam icis. Qqali, romlis Sesaxebac minda mogiyveT, amJamad pirveli baga-baRisa da araformaluri skolis direqtori, doqtoris akademiuri xarisxis, 48 samecniero naSromis, 9 inteleqtualuri sakuTrebis mflobeli, XXI saukunis skolis modelis sulisCamdgmeli da organizaciis - ,,qalebi mSvidobisaTvis~ - warmomadgenelia. ganaTlebiT biologia, romelmac mTeli cxovreba saganmanaTleblo sferos miuZRvna. is gaxlavT qali, romelmac saqarTvelos erT patara qalaqs uamravi novatoruli reforma, midgoma da xedva daanaxa. mas yvela goreli bavSvis deda icnobs. rogorc ambobs, mTeli cxovreba TviTprezentaciaa, misi gza didia - dabadebidan 60 wlis iubilemde, romelsac oqtomberSi aRniSnavs. ,,me es wlebi arc Tu ise martivad, arc Tu ise cudad gavlie.. Cemi cxovreba iseTi mravalferovani iyo, masze 5 tomic ki SeiZleba daiweros,~ _ ambobs qalbatoni lali.

yvelaferi Tavidan iwyeba, Cvenc ase daviwyoT. daibada baiaZeebis did ojaxSi. istoria tradiciulia - biWis molodinSi meeqvsed gaCnda gogona, romelic mxolod lazare papas uyvarda.. adamiani, romelmac cxovrebis mniSvnelovani wlebi idealuri skolis modelis Camoyalibebaze gaatara, skolaSi mousvenari iyo. daamTavra mecxre sajaro skola, xazgasmiT ambobs - ,,Zvel gorSi~, 61 wels.. ,,dRes cnobili me-9 skola, is skola, romelsac gorelebi xedaven, sul sxvaa, maSin sxvanairi iyo. skolaSi xmauriani tipi viyavi, aqtiuri, Tanac sportsmeni _ kalaTburTeli, im periodSi saqarTvelos nakrebSic viTamaSe erT wels.~ _ RimiliT hyveba skolis saxaliso istoriebs da im faqtzec, erTxel skolidan garicxvas rom gadaurCa kiselis bavSvebze ,,Tavdasxmis~ gamo. samedicinoze mamamisis TxovniT scada Cabareba, Tumca warumateblad. rogorc ambobs, skolaSi biologiis maswavlebeli hyavda - eliko xuroSvili, samagaliTo qali, romelsac maSin mTeli gori icnobda.

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gzavnili amitom, sul ,,rac ar ambobda, minda, ar `rac ar minda, ar vakeTeb. me mxolod sakuTar Tavs vayeneb rom eliko vakeTeb. me prioritetulad gadawyvetilebis miRebaSi." xuroSvili mxolod unda gamosakuTar suliyo. Tavs vayeneb pirveli wlis Semdeg biologiurze Caabara prioritetulad gadawyvetilebis miRebaSi.~ goris baraTaSvilis saxelobis pedagogiur _ gveubneba igi, Tumca, sust mxareebze saubaruniversistetSi. - ase daiwyo seriozuli nabije- sac ar gaurbis da gulaxdilad aRiarebs bi cxovrebaSi, Tumca cota imedgacrueba aqac rom ucxo enebze saubari ar SeuZlia: ,,miuxeeloda. axla ambobs: ,,samwuxarod qulebi iqac davad imisa rom rusul organizaciebSi vmuSdamaklda da dRis magivrad Ramis leqciebze aobdi, vkiTxulob, vTargmni, saubari mainc movxvdi. asea, cxovrebaSi yvela nabiji didi ar SemiZlia, kompleqsi maqvs, Tumca gvian Zalisxmevis Sedegad maqvs gavlili.~ arasodesaa, mTeli cxovrebaa, yoveldRe vswavlob.~ _ RimiliT gviyveba da cotas Ta16 wlis ukve muSaobda. pirveli samsaxuri visi ojaxis da piradi cxovrebis detalebsac mamamisis -,,dobri oTaris~ daxmarebiT daiwyo, gvacnobs. mamis megobarma kvleviT institutSi damlageblad miiRo: `samsaxurSi ,,malaletkas~ meZax34 wlis daojaxda. misi TqmiT, am gadmosaxednen. vwmenddi iataks, valagebdi.. arafers ar didan Zalian gvian aris, Tumca dRes imiTac vTakilobdi da es dRemde asea..~ - ase aRwers bednieria, rom pirvel SviliSvils kbilebi Tavis pirvel samuSaos. amouvida. misive TqmiT, Zlieri qalbatonia, yovelTvis damoukidebeli da aqtiuri, albaT, am Tvisebebis damsaxurebaa cxovrebiseuli warmatebebi da warumateblobis SemTxvevaSic ki misi yoveli Tavidan gadadgmuli axali nabiji.

*** warmatebebi universitetidan daiwyo. ,,disertaciis dacva ramdenjerme SemomTavazes, Tumca Cemi qalaqidan wasvla merTuleboda.

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aprili 2014

maSin xom gori gorelebiT savse iyo.. yovel mesame nabijze gamarjobis Tqma giwevda, imdenad Tbili iyo goreloba CemTvis.. uzomod miyvarda qalaqi, es dResac asea, treningebze an konferenciebze rom davdivar, warmomavlobis kiTxvisas siamayiT vpasuxob - me ,,Zalian~ goreli var. goris gareSe cxovreba ar warmomedgina. goris quCebSi rom ar gaviaro da gamarjoba-gagimarjos ar vTqva, warmoudgenlad mimaCnia. Tumca droebiT momiwia gorTan Seleva gaTxovebis Semdeg, radgan meuRle Tanamdebobis piri iyo cxinvalSi. Cemi Svilebic iq daibadnen, mcire droiT Sevelie gors. es periodi daemTxva politikuri situaciebis daZabvas, oms da cxinvalis areulobis Semdeg davbrundi kidec Cems qalaqSi. 92 wels Svebulebis vadac damimTavrda.. meuRlis daJinebuli TxovniT, muSaoba unda gamegrZelebina. daviwye da daviwye.. aRarc gavCerebulvar. vmuSaobdi gorisa da cxinvalis universitetSi, aseve saqarTvelos teqnikuri universitetis goris filialSi da swored iq, Cems kabinetSi gadawyda gorSi suxiSvilis universitetis gaxsnac..

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ase movedi 99 wlamde.. iq, saidanac axali sicocxle skola ,,inteleqti~ daviwye. 1999 wels, raRacnairad mominda, rom 21-e saukunis skolis modeli Semeqmna. Cemi ideafiqsi iyo, SvilebisTvis kargi ganaTleba mimeca. amitom skolis gaxsna gadavwyviteT saojaxo ,,sabWom~. meTodurad ukve melaga yvelaferi. rTuli iyo pirveli weli.. pirvel klasSi - 6, xolo meoreSi mxolod erTi moswavle. skolis Seneba TiTqmis 0-dan daviwye Senobis CaTvliT.. aravin icoda, me doqtori viyavi Tu profesori, jerjerobiT am sferoSi aracnobadi saxe viyavi qalaqSi da, miuxedavad amisa, mSoblebma ndoba gamomicxades. yvelas undoda, prestiJuli maswavleblebi ameyvana, Tumca me piriqiT vqeni. aviyvane axalgazrda aramoduri maswavleblebi. 2002 wels - 2 weliwadSi - amerikidan gamoviwere portatuli komputerebi. es iyo qalaqSi pirveli axali meTodika, dRes Tu gadavxedavT warsuls, yvelasTvis naTelia, rom imas vakeTebdiT Cven maSin, rac skolebSi axla inergeba, 2006 wels davapatente anbanis eleqtronuli versia, bukebi ki dRes Semovida. Cven win vuswrebdiT am yvelafers.


varskvlavTmcodneoba, berZnuli miTologia, Wadraki, `ra? sad? rodis?~ - swored es sagnebi Sedioda inteleqtis moswavlis cxrilSi standartul gakveTilebTan erTad.

lali baiaZe im qalTa ricxvs miekuTvneba, romlebic cxovrebaSi far-xmals ar yrian, Tumca gadawyvita, omis Semdeg erT mdinareSi orjer aRar Sesuliyo da skola sxvagan ar gadaitana, moswavleebs uTxra, rom inteleqti ki ar iRupeboda, aramed mokvda.

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kiTxvaze, Tu rogori warmoudgenia cxovreba 5 wlis Semdeg, pasuxis gacema uWirs, Tumca zustad icis, rom sakuTari tvirTi Tavad unda zidos Tanac ise, rom axalgazrdebsac ar SeuSalos xeli: ,,wasvla ar minda, Tumca amazec Cemi mosazreba maqvs. Zalian niWieri axalgazrdebi xarT. me vimuSavo _ 66 wlis qalma? erT adgils xom ukve vikaveb _ viRac axalgazrdis adgils? minda, rom vaJkacoba meyos da Tavi davanebo yvelafers... amisTvis vmuSaob sakuTar Tavze. Tumca am etapze, SesaZloa, goris TviTmmarTvelobis arCevnebSic CaverTo da politikaSic wavide. gamoricxuli araferia, yvelaferi Cems janmrTelobazea damokidebuli, samwuxarod, sikvdilTan ise var Caxutebuli, rom gacnobierebulic ki maqvs es. olimpiuri simSvidiT var. vici, rom yvelafers aqvs dasawyisi da, ra Tqma unda, meqneba dasasrulic.~...

gzavnili

es mWirdeboda me, bavSvebi kargi moswavleebi ki ara, ganaTlebulebi rom yofiliyvnen. dasawyisSi vTqvi, rom 3 welSi Cven unda viyoT reitingulebi, Tu ara da skolas vxuravmeTqi. 3 wlis Semdeg Cven ukve viyaviT ,,EFFE“ (evropis forumi Tavisufleba ganaTlebaSi), Cemi strategia konkursSic gadavagzavne, saqarTvelos saxeliT ganaTlebaSi axali xedva SevTavaze maT. me vmuSaobdi ara ganaTlebul adamianze, aramed adamianze, romelmac es ganaTleba unda gamoiyenos cxovrebaSi. warmateba movida, daiwyo fuqsis politika, germaniidan stumroba, TurqeTis CarTva am programaSi, Semdeg iyo lamazi skolis serTifikati. skolam udavo warmatebiT ifunqcionira 9 wels, Tumca dRes, SeiZleba iTqvas, rom es proeqti ganuxorcielebeli damrCa, radgan 2008 wels omma mogviswro,~ _ dananebiT ambobs qalbatoni lamara da ixsenebs, rom misi ojaxuri tragedia 1991 wels daiwyo, 2008 wlis omma ki daasrula. `vambob, rom ambiciuri var mxolod saqmeSi. skola, romlis aSenebac me mindoda qveynisTvis, gansakuTrebiT, Cemi gorisTvis - daixura. kidev kargi, rom socialurma qselma momiswro Torem am fsiqologiur travmas verc gadavitandi. es Senoba maZlevda yvelafris saSualebas. mindoda, vyofiliyavi axali skolis avtori. samwuxarod, es im periodis goris xelmZRvanelobas ar undoda, romlebmac devnilebi Semoiyvanes skolaSi. Tumca devnilebisTvis zurgi ar Semiqcevia, sami qveyana migzavnida daxmarebas: germania, italia da saberZneTi.~ _ ambobs qalbatoni lali.

skola dakarga, Tumca baga-baRi SeinarCuna da sakuTari pedagogiuri midgomebis realizebas am sferoSi Seudga. #1 baga-baRi gorSi, SeiZleba iTqvas, wlebia yvelaze warmatebuli baRia, am warmatebis fonze ki lali baiaZem axali ideis ganxorcielebac daiwyo inkluziuri ganaTlebis danergva da araformaluri skolis Seqmna. fiqrobs, rom saqarTvelo dRes ganaTlebis sxva ganzomilebaze, sxva strategiebze unda iyos gasuli: ,,gadavwyvite, rom araformaluri skola, sabavSvo inteleqtualuri skola damefuZnebina. aq moxdeba liderobis unarebis ganviTareba pirveli safexuris skolamde. am sferoSi gamocdilebam miCvena, rom rac ufro adre daiwyebs bavSvi momzadebas, unda iyos, Zlieri aucileblad iqneba Sedegad is, rom skolaSi bavSvi iqneba damoukidebeli. am lideris safuZveli iqneba is, rom bavSebs Cven vaZlevT inteleqtualuri ganaTlebis garkveul pakets, Sedegad ki maTi moswreba skolaSi dinamikiT unda iyos maRali. ,,sic“-s mxolod erT wels vuwinaswarmetyveleb, swored am droSi unda mivaRwio piks.~ _ ambobs igi.


aprili 2014

goreli gogonas gzavnili poloneTidan mariam metreveli 2008 wlis agvistos Semdeg gorSi mcxovrebi yvela moqalaqisa Tu devnilis cxovreba Seicvala, xolo Cveni respondentis TaTiasi ki radikalurad. didi tkivili mis cxovrebaSi bevrma siaxlem da sixarulmac ki Caanacvla. amJamad igi poloneTSi agrZelebs swavlas erasmus mundusis programiT, romelic mxolod devnilebs Seexo da am istorias TaTia Tavadve mogviyveba.

- ramdeni studenti SegarCies?

- mogviyevi rogor moxvdi erasmusis gacvliT programaSi?

- sul xuTi studenti. yvelaze metad is gamixarda, rom CemTan erTad programaSi moxvda Cemi da da Cemi ori megobari.

- CvenTan axlos aris arasamTavrobo organizacia, romelic devnilTa problemebze muSaobs. erasmusis es programac swored devnilebisTvisaa. organizaciis warmomadgenelma gagvacno programis arsi da monawileobis miRebac SemogvTavaza im devnilebs, vinc umaRles saswavlebelSi vswavlobdiT. Cvenc gavagzavneT sabuTebi.

- vin dagifinansaT mgzavrobisa da sabuTebis xarjebi? - yvela xarji TviTon organizaciam dafara. verc ki vifiqrebdi, ase martivad Tu SeiZleboda yvelafris mogvareba. vambobdi, sanam poloneTis miwaze ar davdgam fexs, ver davijereb, rom es Cems Tavs xdeba-meTqi. TbilisSi ivane javaxiSvilis saxelobis universitetSi vswavlobdi, cota rTuli warmosadgeni iyo Tbilisidan poloneTSi - nacnobi garemodan ucnobze gadasvla. Tumca yvelaferi gacilebiT martivi aRmoCnda, vidre warmomedgina. albaT imitom, rom Cems megobrebTan erTad adam mickeviCis universitetSi movxvdi, saerTaSoriso urTierTobaTa fakultetze.

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- gviambe poloneTSi Casvlisas Seni pirveli emociebis Sesaxeb?

- rogor moewyveT ucxo qalaqSi, saerTo sacxovrebelSi dagabinaves? - CasvlisTanave dagvxvda Cveni agenti, romelmac yvelaferSi gagvarkvia da dagvexmara. Tavidan studentTa saerTo sacxovrebelSi davbinavdiT, sadac yvelaferi saerTo iyo da ar mogvwonda. axla calke viqiraveT bina, me Cemma dam da erTma Cvenma megobarma. - stipendiac gaqvT, rogorc vici. -stipendia TveSi 1000 evro gvaqvs, rac absoluturad yvelaferSi gvyofnis. aq yvelaferi Zalian iafia: saWmelic, tansacmelic da komunaluri gadasaxadebic. Semodgomaze me da Cemi da espaneTSic ki vestumreT mamaCems stipendiis TanxiT. saocari STabeWdilebebiT davbrundiT madrididan. momdevno ori wlis ganmavlobaSi dasvenebis dReebSi vapirebT evropis sxva qalaqebic movinaxuloT. Zalian minda parizsa da romSi Casvla. - rogoria studenturi cxovreba poloneTSi? - radikalurad gansxvavebulia, vidre saqarTveloSi. aq uamravi sxvadasxva erovnebis

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- bevri axalgazrda evropaSi Casvlis Semdeg gansxvavebuli cnobierebiT brundeba, rogor imoqmeda Senze axalma garemom da evropulma mentalitetma? - ukve mecxre Tvea, aq var da am xnis ganmavlobaSi ramdenime qveyanaSic vimogzaure, SeiZleba iTqvas, bevri gansxvaveba davinaxe saqarTvelosa da evropas Soris. Cvens qveyanaSi termin `evropasa~ da `21-e saukunes~ garyvnilebasTan akavSireben, Tumca es ase namdvilad araa. aq yvelas Tavis piradi cxovreba aqvs. aq Camosvlis Semdeg gavxdi ufro damoukidebeli da kidev.. saqarTvelos Soridan rom vuyureb, vxvdebi, Tu ramdeni kargi ram gvaklia imisTvis, rom ufro ganviTarebulebi viyoT da adamianebsac mivceT sakuTari niWis ganviTarebis Sansi. - da bolos, rogor fiqrob, rogor gagrZeldeba Seni cxovreba swavlis damTavrebisa da saqarTveloSi dabrunebis Semdeg? - vfiqrob, roca saqarTveloSi davbrundebi, raime keTil saqmes gavakeTeb. davaarsebdi saganmanaTleblo organizacias an dawesebulebas. axalgazrda adamianebs davexmarebodi ganaTlebis miRebasa da sxvadasxva unarebis ganviTarebaSi. ar vici, ramdenad konkretulia Cemi survili, magram daaxloebiT aseTi unda iyos.

gzavnili

- yvelaze metad Cemi yuradReba qalaqSi simSvidem miiqcia. Cven poznanSi vcxovrobT. aq Tbilisisgan gasxvavebiT, quCebSi manqanis signalis xmasac ver gaigebT, mgzavrmac icis, roca unda gaiaros da manqanamac (icinis). kidev, poloneTSi Zalian lamazi xalxia. Cveni biWebi gaStrebulebi uyurebdnen qera gogonebs, fexebi marTla kisridan rom ewyebodaT. sxvaTa Soris, biWebic Zalian simpatiurebi hyavT (icinis).

studenti swavlobs amave programiT. universitetSi swavlis meTodic ki sxvanairia. periodulad gvaqvs sxvadasxva aqtivoba, sadac vecnobiT erTmaneTis kulturas. ai, magaliTad, am kviraSi Cven qveyanas gavacnobT ucxoelebs. cekvebi unda davdgaT, qoreografi me var (icinis), SeiZleba qaTuli kerZebic ki davagemovnebinoT bavSvebs.


aprili 2014

adgilobrivi media gorSi Tamar vaxtangiSvili sami beWduri gamocema, ori telekompania, erTi radio da ori internet-portali - es im mediasaSualebebis CamonaTvalia, romelTa saSualebiTac goris mosaxleoba yoveldRiurad ecnoba regionul Tu sxva saxis informacias. telekompania ,,TrialeTi~ 1990 wlidan mauwyeblobs goris, qarelis, xaSuris, kaspis, cxinvalisa da axlagoris raionebSi. televizias 500 aTasze meti mayurebeli hyavs. 2014 wlamde ,,TrialeTi~, faqtobrivad, erTaderTi adgilobrivi telemauwyebeli iyo qalaq gorSi (2014 wels sakabelo televiziis saxiT gorSi mauwyebloba daiwyo telekompania ,,diam~), Sesabamisad, regionuli masStabiT yvelaze meti mayurebeli da msmeneli am telekompanias hyavs. garda televiziisa, 2004 wlidan mauwyebloba daiwyo radio ,,TrialeTmac~, romelic dRemde Seuferxeblad gadis eTerSi. radioSi yovel saaTSi erTxel eTerSi sainformacio gamoSvebaa da eTeris ZiriTadi nawili musikas eTmoba. aRsaniSnavia, rom tele-radiokompania ,,TrialeTi~-s mauwyebloba konfliqtis

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zonis teritoriazec vrceldeba (amoqmedda telekompaniis saitic, sadac gasuli siuJetebi da axali ambebi ideba yovedRiurad). rac Seexeba presas, municipalitetis oficialuri cnobiT, gorSi 6 adgilobrivi gamocemaa, Tumca zogierTi maTgani 2010 wlis Semdeg, teqnikuri Tu finansuri xarvezebis gamo, aRarc ki ibeWdeba. am etapze goris mosaxleobas mxolod 3 gazeTis gacnoba SeuZlia. esenia: gazeTi ,,qarTlis xma~ - romelic 2006 wels qalaq gorSi daarsda, misi redaqtori saba wiwikaSvilia. gazeTis stabiluri tiraJi 500 egzemplars ar aRemateba, TveSi sul 3 nomeri gamodis. gazeTis rubrikebia: axali ambebi, politika, sazogadoeba, ekonomika, samarTali, regioni, konfliqtis zona, sporti kultura da ,,pilpilmoyrili sakiTxavi~. ,,xalxis gazeTi~- yovelkvireuli socialurpolitikuri gamocemaa, mTavari redaqtori revaz oqruaSvilia. gamodis kviraSi erTxel da


tiraJi 1200 egzempalaramde aRwevs. redaqciis Jurnalistebi sagazeTo masalebs goridan da mimdebare soflebidan awvdian redaqcias. sacalo gayidvaSi gazeTis mxolod mcire raodenoba, 200 egzemplari gaaqvT, danarCeni ki xelmomwerebs urigdebaT. gamocemis rubrikebia: politika, mTavari Tema, kultura, sporti, monitori, Tineijeri.

gorSi arsebul adgilobriv mediasaSualebebs Soris sakmaod bevri momxarebeli hyavs internet-portal Qartli.ge-s, romelic 2011 wels Sida qarTlis sainformacio centris proeqtis farglebSi dafuZnda. portalis

redaqtori saba wiwikaSvilia. statistikuri monacemebis mixedviT, telekompania ,,TrialeTis~ Semdeg goris mosaxleoba yvelaze xSirad Qartli.ge -s saits stumrobs, Tumca mis pirvelobas jerjerobiT xels goris raionebSi internetkomunikaciebis srulad ararseboba uSlis xels. rac Seexeba mediasaSualebebis zogad mdgomareobas da sxvadasxva saxis problemebs, am TemasTan dakavSirebiT im Jurnalistebs davukavSirdiT, romlebic goris da mTlianad Sida qarTlis mosaxleobas yoveldRiurad awvdian axal ambebs. maTi komentarebis mixedviT aRmoCnda, rom konkretuli da gamokveTili problemebi marTlac arsebobda wina wlebSi, rac, ZiriTadad, saxelmwifo daweseb-

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nino bolaSvili (telekompania ,,TrialeTis~ Jurnalisti, gazeT qronika+-is korespondeti Sida qarTlidan) : _ rogorc Jurnalists, adre ufro didi problemebi meqmneboda sajaro moxeleebTan komentaris Cawerasa da informaciis miRebaze. Tumca, amJamad minda giTxraT, rom es barierebi garkveulwilad moixsna. ZiriTad problemad mainc sazogadoebis cnobierebis dabali done rCeba mediasTan dakavSirebiT. kerZod, xSirad vxvdebi iseT respondentebs, romlebmac ar ician Jurnalistis realuri daniSnulebisa da movaleobis Sesaxeb. aqvT absoluturad gansxvavebuli molodinebi, Sesabamisad, iqmneba garkveuli gaugebroba. garda amisa, moqmed mediasaSualebebSi arsebobs ganaTlebuli kadrebis problemac, Zalian mniSvnelovania is, rom adgilobriv doneze ar xdeba mediis

ganviTarebisTvis saWiro garkveuli aqtivobebis (diskusiebi, treningebi, seminarebi da a.S) ganxorcieleba. Cemi azriT, aucilebelia, rom Jurnalistebis profesiuli standartebisa da ganaTlebis donis amaRlebaze meti yuradReba gamaxvildes. ia TinikaSvili (gazeT ,,goris macnes~ redaqtori, telekompania ,,maestros~ korespondenti gorSi) : _ ver vityvi, rom adgilobrivi media gansakuTrebuli aqtiurobiT gamoirCeva, Tumca arc mTlianad dasamarebulia. naklebad arsebobs aliansebi mediasa da xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebs Soris. rac Seexeba sajaro informaciaze xelmisawvdomobas, sajaro dawe-

gzavnili

zemoT aRniSnuli damoukidebeli mediagamocemebisgan gansxvavebiT, gazeTi ,,goris macne~ (dasaxeleba ramdenjerme Seicvala ,,lomWabuki~, ,,goris moambe~) goris municipalitetis gamomcemlobaa, Sebamisad, daarsebidan dRemde gazeTi sakrebulos da municipalitetis saqmianobas aSuqebs. biujetidan yovelwliurad redaqcias 40 aTasamde lari aqvs gamoyofili, gayidvaSi iSviaTad gamodis da, ZiriTadad, sabiujeto organizaciebSi vrceldeba.

ulebebSi informaciebis SeferxebiT wvdomaSi mdgomareobda, Tumca bolo periodSi adgilobrivi municipalitetis gadawyvetilebiT aRniSnuli problema TiTqmis srulad iqna aRmofxvrili.


problema aqvs, amitom kvlav grantebze varT damokidebuli, Tumca wina wlebTan SedarebiT winsvla aris. - rogorc onlain gamocemis redaqtori, sainteresoa, ramdenad aqtualuria goris mosaxleobaSi informaciis mopovebis amgvari wyaro da ramdenad uwevT konkurencias teleda beWdur medias?

aprili 2014

_ satelevizio medias konkurencias jer ver gavuwevT, radgan soflebSi internet naklebadaa da ZiriTad wyaro iq mainc televizoria. rac Seexeba qalaqs, minda vTqva, rom konkurenciis pretenzia gvaqvs, rac ganpirobebulia saitze vizitorebis ricxviT. sebulebebTan es problema mogvarda, Tumca kvlav rCeba sirTule safinanso da samarTaldamcav uwyebebTan dakavSirebiT. centralur uwyebebTan (saministroebTan da maT pressamsaxurebTan) dakavSirebamde, SeuZlebelia adgilze raime tipis informaciis miReba an gadamowmeba.

- ra saxis informaciaze meti moTxovna sazogadoebis mxridan?

- sazogadoebis mxridan ramdenadaa interesi beWdur mediaze?

21 marts gorSi qarTuli Jurnalistikis dRe aRniSnes. adgilobrivi xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebi demokratiuli CarTulobis centrSi gorel Jurnalistebs Sexvdnen da ganixiles regionul mediaSi arsebuli problemebi. rogorc Sexvedraze iTqva, sasurvelia problemebs ara mxolod xelisuflebis warmomadgenleba miaqcion yuradReba, aramed Jurnalistebmac aiRon garkveuli valdebulebebi. maTive TqmiT, qarTuli Jurnalistika profesionalizmis ufro maRal standartze unda avides da amisaTvis mediis warmomadgenlebma, upirveles yovlisa, eTikuri normebi unda daicvan.

_ rogorc yvelgan, eleqtronuli mediasaSualebebi ufro popularulia, Tumca arc gazeTebis mimarTaa interesi Camkvdari. kargi iqneboda beWdviTi media meti raodenobiT arsebobdes gorSi, amisTvis ki saWiroa sxvadasxva organizaciam xeli Seuwyon beWduri mediis ganviTarebas.   saba wiwikaSvili (qarTli.ge-s da gazeT ,,qarTlis xmis~ redaqtori) - adgilobriv medias, ZiriTadad, biznesisa da reklamebidan miRebuli mcire Semosavlebis

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-xalxs ZiriTadad iseTi Temebi ainteresebs, rac uSualod maT raions, problemebs ukavSirdebaT, amitom vcdilobT, Cveni media maqsimalurad mravalferovani iyos.


gzavnili kultura 56 58 62

WeSmariteba samSoblozec maRla dgas dasis `sunTqva~ mtvrian scenaze patara goris erTguleba didi stalinisadmi


aprili 2014

`WeSmariteba samSobloze maRlac dgas"

giorgi xarSilaZe didi qarTveli filosofosi, merab mamardaSvili, warmoSobiT goridan aris. Tu am qalaqis quCebSi gaiseirnebT, aucileblad naxavT mis biusts, romelsac saqarTvelos uaxles istoriul warsulSi iseve emuqreboda ganadgurebis safrTxe, rogorc araerTi mozrovnis saxels, magram bedis wyalobiT yvelaze mTavar qartexilebs gamoaswro. is didi moazrovne iyo, magram qarTvelma sazogadoebam mamardaSvilis filosofia ar miiRo, radgan misTvis upirvelesi yovelTvis WeSmariteba iyo. rodesac saqarTvelo erT did brZolis velad iyo gadaqceuli, gadaWedil filarmoniis did sakoncerto darbazSi qarTvelma ,,sokratem" Tqva: ..upirvelesi aris WeSmariteba". im droindel saqarTveloSi WeSmariteba aravis ainteresebda, amitom `upirvelesi aris samSobloo~, uRriales filosofoss da scenidan Camoagdes. zogierTs dResac hgonia, rom Tu SevqmniT iseT bombs, romelic saqarTvelos garda yvela qveyanas gaanadgurebs, es ukve kargi bombia. WeSmaritebis samSobloze maRla dayenebas verc maSin ugebdnen brZenkacs da dResac ver ugeben. maxsovs, Cems `bnel~ bavSvobaSi iyo saubrebi, rom Cveni mizani afxazebis da cxinvalSi mcxovrebi osebis ganadgurebaa, xolo Tu vinme sxvanairad ifiqrebda, mas enas amoaZrobdnen da mousavleTSi gaagzavnidnen. ase undodaT mamardaSvilis SemTxvevaSic, magram, rogorc ioanes saxarebaSia naTqvami: ,,pirvelad iyo sityva, sityva iyo RmerTTan da RmerTi iyo sityva". dro kidev daamtkicebs, rom Zala ver moaxerxebs gonis gaTiSvas, amitomac SeuZlebelia mamardaSvi-

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li arsebobdes da msofliom dakargos is. merab mamardaSvili 1930 wels daibada gorSi. skola oqros medalze daamTavra da filosofiis Sesaswavlad moskovSi wavida. misi megobari, aleqsandr pitigorski wers, rogor gaaoca pirvelad merabma yvela: ..ocdaaTwliani megobroba merabTan CemTvis, da ara mxolod CemTvis, pirvel rigSi iyo sakuTar TavTan urTierTobis skola. maxsovs Cemi pirveli gakveTili, romelic `filosofiis zneobaSi~ miviRe. ormocdaaTiani wlebis bolos merabTan saubrisas vaxsene Cveni yofili kolega filosofiis fakultetidan da davZine, rom `mas aravin uwvdis xels CamosarTmevad~ (`xelis ar CamosarTmevi~ - im drois inteligentur Jargonze). merabma ki, RmerTo Cemo, is xom maSin ocdaaTi wlisac ar iyo, ubralod Tqva: `rogor SemiZlia mas xeli ar CamovarTva, Tuki is me var?~. es is dro iyo, rodesac sabWoTa reJimi saxels utexda inteligencias, rasac es ukanaskneli zneobrivi qedmaRlobiTa da jgufuri snobizmiT pasuxobda." merabi iseTi donis filosofosi iyo, romelmac raRac axalis Tqma SeZlo da ara aTasjer gamovlilis gameoreba. Zalian bevri qalaqi, qveyana da eri aris iseTi, romelsac sakuTari filosofosi ar hyavs. amis mizezi ubraloa, saerTod ar aris savaldebulo sadme profesionali filosofosi moRvaweobdes. mamardaSvils qarTvel ,,sokratesac" eZaxian, Tumca sokratesTan mxolod erTi ram hqonda saerTo _ arcerTi arafers werda. sami ,,k" - kanti, kafka da dekarti. es sami filosofosi uyvarda gansakuTrebiT mamar-


mamardaSvili qarTvelebs gveubneboda, rom qarTveloba iwyeba RirsebiT da ara piriqiT. misi azriT, adamians sakuTar TavTan unda hqondes brZola, rom ganviTardes da sxva mtrobis obieqti ar SeiZleba arsebobdes. is werda: adamiani ganviTarebis subieqtia da ara aRzrdis obieqti. is sakuTar TavSi naxavs naswavlis ekvivalents da gaiziarebs da Tu ver naxa _ ar miiRebs. mxolod kargi SemTxvevaa, maswavleblis da moswavlis azri erTmaneTs emTxveodes... SemTxvevebis da damTxvevebis ki merabs namdvilad sjeroda. SeiZleba adamians aiZulo moiqces ise, rogorc ginda, ubralod ver aiZuleb iwamos is, rac Sen ggonia swori. cxovreba imdenad xangrZlivia, rom adamianis buneba amoxeTqavs romeliRac mosaxvevSi. ase sjeroda merabs, SegiZliaT daijeroT Tqvenc...

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gzavnili

daSvils, romelmac maTi Secnoba ara qronologiurad, rogorc xuTosani moswavle moiqceoda, aramed piriqiT, mwvervalidan qvemoT daiwyo. SeiZleba esec iyos mizezi imisa, Tu ra brZola gadaitana man sakuTar TavTan da rogor Seqmna filosofiis axali xedva. mamardaSvilze waruSleli kvali datova didma frangma mweralma marsel prustma. prustis mkiTxvelebs da maT Soris merab mamardaSvilsac gaumarTla, rodesac am mwerals sakmarisi fuli aRmoaCnda, Tavad SeeZina stamba da daebeWda sakuTari da axla ukve yvela Cvenganis wigni: `dakarguli drois ZiebaSi". gadmocemiT gagvigia, rodesac mamardaSvili prusts kiTxulobda, oxvra aRmoxdeboda xolme, ambobda, ,,is filosofosia, ubralod Tavadac ar uwyis amis Sesaxeb".


aprili 2014

patara goris erTguleba didi stalinisadmi Tamar gegiZe goris istoriis ganuyofeli nawili _ didi beladi _ samiode wlis win kamaTis Tema gaxda. municipalitetis mier stalinis Zeglis aRebis iniciativas mosaxleobaSi protesti moyva. ideis sisruleSi moyvanis Semdeg ki sakiTxi ufro aqtualuri gaxda. mosaxleobis didi nawili protests gamoTqvams da Zeglis dabrunebas dResac moiTxovs. am sakiTxis kvlevisas aRmovaCineT, rom gorSi azri or nawilad gayofili ar aris. mosaxleoba Zeglis aRdgenis upirobo momxrea. rogorc respondentebi acxadeben, Zeglis aRebis survili maT ar gamouCeniaT. goris moqalaqe ioseb qucinaSvili acxadebs, rom Zeglis demontaJisTvis xelis SesaSlelad mosaxleobam morigeobis jgufebic ki Seqmna sadarajod, magram mTavrobam Zegli Rame aiRo da amis aRkveTa ver moaxerxes. kiTxvaze, unda dabrundes Tu ara stalinis Zegli goris municipalitetis Senobis win, pasuxi erTmniSvnelovania _ aucileblad. mosaxleoba miiCnevs, rom stalini goris istoriuli warsulia da misi Zeglis aReba gaumar-

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Tlebelia. bevri maTgani acxadebs rom ar ganixilavs stalins rogorc sabWoTa kavSiris liders, aramed pativs scems mas rogorc qarTvels. bevric Tvlis, rom stalinze uaresi liderebi arsebobdnen da maTi Zegli maTive qveynebSi dgas, amitom, stalinis Zeglic unda idges Cveni pativiscemis gamosaxatad. ramdenime respodenti radikalur damokidebulebasac gamoxatavs sakiTxis mimarT: `Cven ar gviTxovia Zeglis aReba da Tbiliselebma Tu moiTxoves es maTi saqme araa, mere ra rom stalini mTeli saqarTvelos istoriis nawilia, goris ufroa da Zegli mxolod qalaqSi ki ara yvela sofelSi unda idges.~ meore azric analogiuria: `stalinis Zegli aucileblad unda idges, rameTu, stalinze didi qarTveli saqarTvelos ar yolia, mas bevri sikeTe aqvs qveynisTvis gakeTebuli da visac samSoblo uyvars, visac unda saqarTvelo gabrwyinebuli naxos, man, pativi unda sces ioseb besarionis Ze juRaSvilis pirovnebas, amitom, Zegli ki ara, misi saxe saxated unda aqcion.~


rac Seexeba axalgazrdebs, maTi umetesoba indeferentulia, Tumca nawili mainc Tvlis, rom stalinis Zegli qalaqSi aucileblad unda idges, radgan xels aravis uSlis.

gzavnili

Zegli 1952 wels daidga, is 6 metris simaRlis iyo da goris municipalitetis Senobis win 2010 wlis 25 ivnisamde cxrametrian kvarcxlbekze idga. Zegli 24 ivniss Ramis or saaTze aiRes. amis mizezi ki konfliqtisTvis Tavis aridebis mcdeloba iyo, romelic mxardamWerebisagan iyo mosalodneli. maSin adgilobriv medias uTxres, rom Zeglis aRebis survili moqalaqeebma gamoTqves da gadaRebis ufleba ar misces. Tumca es zomebi sakmarisi ar aRmoCnda da mosaxleobis ukmayofileba dRemde grZeldeba. 2010 wlis 25 ivniss gakeTebul gancxadebaSi eqsprezidenti mixeil saakaSvili acxadebs, rom is eTanxmeba kulturis saministros ideas Zeglis demontaJis Sesaxeb, radgan SeuZlebelia qveyanaSi iyos okupaciis muzeumi da im adamianis Zegli vin 1921 wels es okupacia moaxdina. Zegli, daaxloebiT, 2 milion dolarad aris Sefasebuli, saministros balanszea da goris municipalitets ar exeba. miuxedavad amisa, municipalitetSi Tvlian, rom xalxis neba uzenaesia, amitom Zegli adgils unda daubrundes, radgan turistuli TvalsazrisiT qalaqisTvis Zalian mniSvnelovania. unda vaxsenoT isic, rom Zegli erTaderTi RirsSesaniSnaoba araa gorSi, romelic stalins ukavSirdeba. qalaqSi gaxsnilia ioseb stalinis saxlmuzeumi, romelic mnaxvelebis simcires ar uCivis. piriqiT, ucxo qveynidan Zalian didi raodenobiT turists Rebulobs da adgilobrivebs Sorisac didi popularobiT sargeblobs. saxlmuzeumis ezoSi SeniSnavT SeCerebuli postametis mSeneblobas, romelzec qalaqis centridan aRebuli Zegli unda daedgaT, stalinis sacxovrebeli oTaxis win. saxl-muzeumis ukan mdgari uzarmazari muzeumi didi beladis cxovrebas dawvrilebiT gviambobs. aq stalinis araerTi biusti da Zegli dgas. Senaxulia misi piradi nivTebi, maT Soris yvelasTvis cnobili Cibuxebi. aqve inaxeba stalinis gardacvalebis Semdeg misi saxidan aRebuli niRabi, misi samuSao magida romelic kremlidan Camoitanes da piradi samgzavro vagonic, romelic tyviagaumtaria da aRWurvili iyo abazaniT, mosasvenebeli oTaxebiT, sakonferencio oTaxiT da yvela saWiro atributiT. muzeumis pirvel sarTulze gaxsnilia maRazia sadac msurvels didi beladis suraTiani maisuris, saaTis, kalmis, Cibuxis an CanTis SeZena SeuZlia. nivTebs sakmaod didi fasi adevs, Tumca turistuli TvalsazrisiT uyuradRebod ar rCeba. muzeumis xSiri stumrebi arian gorelebic, romlebic gidis gareSe Sedian da TavianT Svilebs uamboben ioseb juRaSvilis istorias.

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stalinis pirovneba erTnairad mniSvnelovania gorelebisTvis. rogorc erT-erTi respodenti acxadebs _ stalini, rogorc lideri, arafriT gamoirCeva qarTuli istoriisTvis, magram udavod legendaa sabWoTa kavSirisTvis. is ar fiqrobs, rom sabWoTa beladi gandidebis sagani unda gaxdes, magram misi Zeglis aRebasac arasworad miiCnevs, radgan cudia es Tu kargi, is saqarTvelos istoriuli warsulia da versad gaaqrob. misi Zegli unda idges Tundac imitom, rom axalgazrda Taobam icodes, rogori iyo warsuli da miiRos swori gadawyvetileba, rogor unda icxovros momavalSi.

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gzavnili

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dasis `sunTqva~

aprili 2014

mtvrian scenaze

TinaTin gegenava

,,goreli gorSi unda iyos da Tu raRacis Sno gaqvs, Seni niWi unda aCuqo maT~ - ambobs goris Teatris msaxiobi merab WankvotaZe. ase imitom ambobs, rom Tavis droze, Teatraluri institutis damTavrebis Semdeg, 1990 wels, SeeZlo, TbilisSi, marjaniSvilis Teatris dasis wevri yofiliyo, magram uari Tqva da mSobliuri qalaqis TeatrSi daido navsayudeli. pirveli seriozuli roli iyo gogi abramaSvilis reJisorobiT dadgmuli speqtakli ,,TeTri bairaRebi~, sadac zaza nakaSiZis rols asrulebda. merabisgan gansxvavebiT, aseve goris Teatris msaxiobi, Tbiliseli zaza Tedeluri ambobs: ,,me miyvars es saqme. aseTi gamoTqmacaa, xaliCas gamovitan da quCaSic viTamaSebo. scena iyos mTavaria da mayurebeli. Sen Sens gasakeTebels gorSi gaakeTeb, TbilisSi, baTumSi, Telavsa Tu zugdidSi, ar aqvs mniSvneloba.~ goris dramatuli Teatri wlebis ganmavlobaSi cud mdgomareobaSi iyo. msaxiobebs Zalian rTul pirobebSi uwevdaT muSaoba. zamTarSi mTlianad ver xerxdeboda mcire scenis gaTboba, rac xels uSlida msaxiobebs muSaobaSi. garda amisa, diskomforts uqmnida mayurebelsac, radgan isini iZulebulni iyvnen qurTukiT msxdariyvnen da ase gaeTboT gayinuli tyavis savarZlebi. speqtaklis msvlelobas aseve xels uSlida teqnikuri problemebi. yvelaze did problemas, albaT, mainc normaluri ganaTebis arqona warmoadgenda. SeuZlebelia, daaxloebiT ocdaerTi moZvelebuli `proJeqtoriT~ dadebiTi efeqtis moxdena. TeatrSi, daaxloebiT, rva wlis ganmavlobaSi ver xerxdeba did scenaze speqtaklebis dadgma da am drois ganmavlobaSi mxolod Teatris mcire scenaze dgamen speqtaklebs. 2013 wlis ianvridan daiwyo Teatris reabilitacia, romelic goris municipalitetis dafinansebiT xorcieldeba. Tavidan proeqti iyo gaumarTavi, iyo garkveuli `Cavardnebi~ da remonti SesvenebebiT mimdinareobda, magram Semdeg proeqti daixvewa da Teatris restavracia isev gagrZelda. reabilitaciis farglebSi unda ganaxldes Teatris didi scena, aseve saxuravi da saTavso oTaxebis daaxloebiT 80 procenti. imis gamo, rom municipalitetis mier gamoyofili Tanxa ar aris sakmarisi, Senobis me-3 sarTulis garemonteba ver xerxdeba da jerjerobiT pirveli-meore sarTulebi keTdeba (wyaro - ,,reportiori~- lana CerqeziSvili, gori)

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gzavnili goris Teatris direqtoris zaza zazaSvilis TqmiT, Teatrs ar aqvs imdeni Tanxa, rom gastrolebi hqondeT. yvelaferi finansebTanaa dakavSirebuli. ,,Tanxa imdeni gvaqvs, rom Zlivs gvyofnis xelfasebisTvis, sadadgmo xarjisTvis - speqtaklis gamosaSvebad, rom weliwadSi 6-7 speqtakli mainc gamovuSvaT. SarSan, ukrainaSi viyaviT. ZiriTadad, Cvens qveyanaSi davdivarT, kaxeTSi, WiaTuraSi gvqonda cota xns win gasvla.~ rac Seexeba mayurebels, zaza zazaSvili ambobs, rom goris Teatrs kulturuli msmeneli hyavs. ufro metad axalgazrdebi stumroben Teatrs. `gveSinoda, 400-kaciani darbazi rom garemontda, Seivseboda Tu ara, magram mayurebeli dadis. SabaT-kvirasaa speqtaklebi, axla vapirebT paraskevis damatebasac daswrebidan gamomdinare.~

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gzavnili

ganaTleba 65

codna cxovrebisTvis

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samxatvro skola - sivrce, sadac xelovneba ibadeba

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codna cxovrebisTvis

loben.

`codna cxovrebisTvis~ _ es goris saxelmwifo saswavlo universitetis slogania. slogani, romelic cxinvalisa da goris gaerTianebuli universitetis pirvelma reqtorma, zaza cotniaSvilma dautova universitets. goris universitetSi ukve ori welia, rac, konkretuli fakultetebis nacvlad, yvela damamTavrebeli gamocda sagamocdo centrSi tardeba. administraciaSi amboben, rom es msoflioSi aprobirebuli meTodi da gamWvirvale procesia, rac universitetis misiis ganxorcielebas emsaxureba. mTavari misia ki maRali xarisxis profesiuli da akademiuri (sabakalavro, samagistro) ganaTlebis uzrunvelyofaa, romelic qveynisa da regionis interesebs Seesabameba. bakalavriatis farglebSi humanitarul, socialur, zust da sabunebismetyvelo fakultetis studentebi universitetSi gamarTul konferenciebSi aqtiurad monawileoben, maRali akademiuri moswrebiTa da sxva aqtivobebiT ki prezidentisa da Sida sauniversiteto stipendiebis mopovebas cdi-

`goris saxelmwifo saswavlo universiteti `erasmus mundusis~ programaSia CarTulia da Cveni studentebi gacvliT programebSi aqtiurad monawileoben, sazRvargareTidanac Camodian, wina welsac erT students vumaspinZleT.~ _ acxadebs universitetis asocirebuli profesori, laura eliauri. universitetis studentebis didi nawili adgilobrivi axalgazrdebi arian. dedaqalaqis umaRles saswavleblebSi swavlis gagrZelebaze nawilma ekonomiuri mizezis gamo Tqva uari. universitetis aRdgenil infrastruqturas axali reqtoris, giorgi sosiaSvilis saxels ukavSireben. `ramdenime wlis win universitetis saswavlo korpusebis aRdgena daiwyo, dRes ki samive korpusis SekeTeba dasrulebulia. iqamde aq arc teqnikuri baza iyo gamarTuli. dRes ukve garemontda da moewyo samkiTxvelo dar-

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gzavnili

izi nozaZe


aprili 2014

bazi, moxda eleqtronuli bazis srulyofa. universitetis biujetSi wignadi fondis gamdidrebis mizniT gaTvaliswinebuli Tanxis odenobac gaizarda~, _ acxadebs universitetis sazogadoebasTan urTierTobis samsaxuris ufrosi ani imnaZe. Tumca studentTa nawili ambobs, rom saswavlo literatura maTTvis mainc deficitia da xSir SemTxvevaSi araTu naTargmni, aramed ucxouri literaturis Sovnac uWirT. rogorc maTematikis mimarTulebis studenti, meri terunaSvili ambobs, problemebs Tavidan mxolod saxelmZRvaneloebTan, wignebTan dakavSirebiT awydeboda, referatis weris dros ki meti masalaa saWiro da misi moZieba Wirs. `maTematikis wignebi zogierT sakiTxSi rusuli an inglisurenovania. iyo SemTxvevebi, roca biblioTekaSi wigni sul ar hqoniaT.~ - ambobs igi. aRsaniSnavia, isic rom studentebs miRebuli Teoriuli codnis praqtikaSi gamoyenebis saSualeba ar gaaCniaT. rTuli warmosadgenia, rogor unda daimkvidros pedagogiuri specialobis studentma Tavi, Tuki mas aranairi praqtikuli gamocdileba ar eqneba. `humanitaruli fakultetis sabakalavro saganmanaTleblo programis saswavlo gegmebi ar iTvaliswinebs praqtikis gavlas skolebSi da uaxloes momavalSi arc igegmeba~, _ acxadebs humanitaruli fakultetis dekani - qeTevan barbaqaZe. rac Seexeba Jurnalistikis mimarTulebas, misi TqmiT, studentebs saSualeba eZlevaT, praqtika Sida sauniversiteto gazeTsa da JurnalSi gaiaron. universitetis studenturi TviTmmarTveloba aqtiurad funqcionirebs, Tumca, rogorc aRmoCnda, studentebi am RonisZiebebSi iSviaTad an saerTod ar monawileoben: `simarTle giTxra, arc ki vinteresdebi, ras akeTeben da, saerTod, isic ar vici, ra evalebaT~ _ gviTxra studentma irina gasitaSvilma. TviTmmarTvelobis prezidentis, uSangi cacabaSvilis TqmiT ki, `univesitetSi gasarTobi RonisZiebebi, kafe-saRamoebi, `farTebi~, eqskursiebi, SemoqmedebiTi saRamoebi xSirad tardeba. RonisZiebebSi monawileTa sias dekani gvaZlevs da maRali akademiuri moswrebis studentebs yovelTvis meti Sansi aqvT, Tumca studentebis CarTuloba Zalian dabalia.~ im korpusebSi, sadac axla goris universitetia ganTavsebuli, erT dros baraTaSvilis saxelobis pedagogiuri instituti, mogvianebiT ki ekonomikuri instituti funqcionirebda. dRes goris saxelmwifro universitetSi 1950 studenti swavlobs.

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ana xaCiZe

samxatvro skolebi - adgili, sadac Tandayolil niWTan erTad SegiZlia iswavlo fantaziis, fiqrebis, grZnobebis qaRaldze gadmotana da isic, Tu rogor misce maT Tavisufleba. saqarTvelos bevri qalaqi ar aris ganebivrebuli aseTi skolebis arsebobiT, Tumca gori maT ricxvs ar miekuTvneba. goris centrSi, farnavazis quCaze Tu movxvdebiT, advilad SeamCnevT sxvebisgan gamorCeul Senobas, romelic ana feraZis saxelobis samxatvro skolaa. samxatvro skolis Sesaxeb skolis saswavlo nawili, qalbatoni gulnara CitaZe gvesaubra. swored misgan gavigeT, rom Tavdapirvelad samxatvro skola IX skolis ezoSi mdebareobda. amJamindeli Senoba ki 1972 welsaa aSenebuli qalaqis komitetis pirveli mdivnis Salva berianiZis iniciativiT. imxanad qalaqs gamoCenili qarTveli mxatvrebi, maT Soris, lado gudiaSvili, stumrobdnen. swored maSin gadawyvita berianiZem da xalxsac dahpirda, rom samxatvro skolas axal Senobas auSenebda. asec moiqca. ,,skola orsarTuliania, is marTlac samxatvro skolis saWiroebebsaa morgebuli. pirvel sarTulze sagamofeno darbazi gvaqvs, meoreze saklaso oTaxebi, sxva damxmare oTaxebTan erTad~ _ gviambo qalbatoma gulnaram, romlic samxatvro skolis pedagogebzec gvesaubra da aRniSna, rom am skolaSi Zalian cnobili pedagogebi aswavlidnen: mamia axobaZe, cnobili mxatvari fermweri, didxans aswavlida maTTan, aseve irakli mWedliSvili. axla 7 mxatvari aswavlis skolaSi, aqedan TiTqmis yvelas samxatvro akademia aqvs damTavrebuli. garda pedagogobisa, maswavleblebi Semoqmedi mxatvrebic arian, gamofenebi aqvT mowyobili bevr qalaqSi. maT Soris ramdenime sabWoTa kavSiris mxatvarTa kavSiris wevric iyo, sabWoTa kavSiris daSlis Semdeg ki saqarTvelos mxatvarTa kavSiris wevrebi gaxdnen.

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1992 wels gorSi daarsda regionis mxatvarTa kavSiri da maSin airCies qalbatoni gulnara mxatvarTa kavSiris Tavmjdomared. qalbatoni gulnara yofil da axlandel moswavleebzec gvesaubra: ,,Zalian bevri bavSvi gavzardeT. ra Tqma unda, yvela mxatvari ver gaxdeba, an amdeni mxatvari rad gvinda? aba, puri viRam gamoacxos? (icinis) bevrma Cvenma moswavlem akademiaSi ganagrZo swavla da seriozul mxatvrobas mihyo xeli. sul raRac 2 welia, rac skola eqvswledi gaxda, manamde oTxwledi iyo. axla patara mxatvrebs vzrdiT. aq modian skolis me-3 da me-4 klasis moswavleebi, xolo 6 wlis Semdeg TviTon wyvets bavSvi, gaagrZelebs Tu ara samxatvro akademiaSi swavlas. xatvasTan erTad, moswavleebi swavloben saxviTi xelovnebis istorias, Zerwvas. aq bavSvi iZens sxva karg Tvisebebsac, kulturas, qcevas, metyvelebas, rac ase akliaT Cvens axalgazrdebs,~ _ gviTxra man. kiTxvaze, iReben Tu ara samxatvro skolis moswavleebi konkursebsa da gamofenebSi monawileobas, qalbatonma gulnaram ase gvipasuxa: ,,rac Seexeba konkursebsa da gamofenebs, CvenTan yoveli saswavlo wlis bolos ewyoba gamofena. eqvswledis dasrulebis Semdeg aq diplomsac icaven moswavleebi. raRa Tqma unda, sazRvargareTidanac aris mowvevebi. axlaxan erTerTi moswavle bulgareTSi iyo konkursze wasuli, sadac gamofena moewyo da vercxlis medliT dagvibrunda.~ sivrce, mxatvruli simSvide, ai, ra igrZnoba SenobaSi SesvlisTanave, rasac yvela stumari aRniSnavs xolme. es yvelaferi ki ukan gamosvlis survils gikargavs, imis miuxedavadac, rom Senoba mTlianad mtversa da WuWySia gaxveuli. samxatvro skolaSi amJamad saremonto samuSaoebi mimdinareobs.

gzavnili

sivrce, sadac xelovneba ibadeba


cnobisaTvis:

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pirveli samxatvro skola 1648 wels safrangeTSi daarsda, romelic cnobilia, rogorc natifi xelovnebis skola (Ecole des Beauxrts). xelovnebis am savanis stili eyrdnoboda klasikur `antikurobas~ (me-17 saukunis evropaSi warmoSobili xelovnebisa da literaturis mimdinareoba) da miznad isaxavda am idealizebuli formebis Senaxvasa da stilis momavali TaobebisTvis gadacemas. skolas mravali gamoCenili xelovani hyavs gazrdili. mTeli ori saukunis dagvianebiT gaixsna saqarTveloSi pirveli dawyebiTi samxatvro skola 1874 wels, romlis damaarsebelic gaxldaT ,,samxatvro sazogadoeba~. am periodidan daiwyo saqarTveloSi samxatvro skolebis daarseba. Tumca isic unda aRiniSnos, rom 1921 wlamde Tbilissa da saqarTvelos sxva qalaqebSi arsebobda mxolod kerZo skolebi. warumateblad damTavrda xelovnebis moRvaweTa mcdeloba saqarTveloSi umaRlesi samxatvro saswavleblis dasaarseblad. `ar SeiZleba vifiqroT, rom Tavisi xasiaTiT saocari qveyana ar Sobdes mxatvrul Zalebs. me mjera, rom kavkasiis samxatvro xana winaa. es mSvenieri qveyana mogvcems mxatvrebs, romlebic Rirseulad asaxaven mas~ (i.repinis werili ,,saWiroa Tu ara xelovnebis skola TbilisSi?~, gazeTi ,,kavkazi~ 1897 9.01, 10.01). 1918-1921 wlebSi, saqarTvelos damoukideblobis xanmokle periodSi 1916 wels daarsebuli qarTvel xelovanTa sazogadoeba agrZelebs konkretul muSaobas samxatvro akademiis dasaarseblad. 1921 wlidan ki daarsda e.w. umaRlesi samxatvro saxelosnoebi. me-20 saukunis 50-iani wlebi, periodi, rodesac saqarTvelos qalaqebi ar arian ganebivrebuli samxatvro skolebiT, qalaqi gori asparezze gamodis. 1957 wels ana feraZe aarsebs goris samxatvro skolas. ana (aniko) nadiraSvili-feraZe daibada 1909 wlis 3 Tebervals, TbilisSi, mosamsaxuris ojaxSi. is 1926 wels amTavrebs Tbilisis saxalxo samxatvro studias. 1927 wels ki swavlas iwyebs Tbilisis samxatvro akademiis ferweris fakultetze, romelsac warmatebiT amTavrebs. 1930 wlidan qalbatoni ana muSaobas iwyebs goris pedagogiur teqnikumSi xatvis maswavleblad. imxanad gorSi sul xuTiode skola iyo da yvela skolaSi ana feraZe aswavlida xatvas. man skolebSi Seqmna samxatvro wreebi, romlebic SemdgomSi gaerTianda da 1931 wels Camoyalibda samxatvro studiad. 1957 wels, rogorc ukve aRiniSna, q. gorSi ana feraZis didi Zalisxmevis Sedegad, gaixsna samxatvro skola, romlis ucvleli direqtori gardacvalebamde TviTon iyo. xangrZlivi da nayofieri muSaobisTvis ana feraZes mieniWa saqarTvelos socialisturi respublikis ,,skolis damsaxurebuli maswavleblis~ wodeba.

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gori - Cempionebis qalaqi

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goris dila - alionidan daisamde

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gzavnili


gori - Cempionebis qalaqi qeTi baWvelaSvili

aprili 2014

saqarTvelos sportul rukaze gors erTerTi gamorCeuli adgili uWiravs. c gansakuTrebiT aRsaniSnavia goris sportuli skolisa da guram papitaSvilis saxelobis Widaobis kompleqsuri skolis aRsazrdelebis miRwevebi, rogorc msofliosa da evropis Cempionatebze, ise olimpiadaze.

gamorCeulia goreli sportsmenebis wvlili WidaobaSi.ukve wlebia, saqarTvelo Cempion moWidaveebs, ZiriTadad, am qalaqidan iRebs. gansakuTrebiT aRsaniSnavia maTi warmatebebi ZiudoSi. sportis es iaponuri saxeoba saqarTveloSi 1962 wlidan arsebobs da mas saTaveSi swored goreli guram papitaSvili da kaxeli biZina maziaSvili Caudgnen. maT gaxsnes Ziudos pirveli skolebi saqarTveloSi da daiwyes sportsmenebis momzadeba. Sedegmac ar daayovna da imave wels germaniaSi gamarTul evropis Cempianatze ori qarTveli sportsmeni - anzor qibrowaSivili da anzor kiknaZe - gaxda Cempioni. zustad aT weliwadSi ki 1972 wlis miunxenis olipiadaze SoTa CoCiSvili gaxda pirveli Ziudosti mTel sabWoTa kavSirSi, vinc oqros medali moipova. amis Semdegac araerTi Cempioni aRzarda gorma, maTgan aRsaniSnavia: Temur xubuluri, gia TenaZe, koba kapanaZe, giorgi vazagaSvili, nugzar tatalaSvili. aseve gorelia saqarTvelos ukanaskneli olimpiuri Cempioni laSa SavdaTuaSvili, romelic Cveni qveynis istoriaSi kidev ori ramiT Sevida: is erTdroulad aris yvelaze axalgazrda da damoukidebel saqarTveloSi dabadebuli pirveli olimpiuri Cempioni.

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amJamad gorSi Ziudos savarjiSod ori darbazia, jer sportuli skolis darbazSi mivdivar, romelic 1977 wlidan arsebobs. SesvlisTanave Cems yuradRebas bavSvebis simravle da mkveTri asakobrivi sxvaoba ipyrobs. darbazis yvelaze patara aRsazrdeli - 5 wlis gigi qareli - jiutad cdilobs Tokze asvlas. gogonebic biWebis msgavsad varjiSoben da maTTan Widaoben. 12 wlis mariam qebliaSvili ara marto gogonebSi, Tavisi asakis biWebSic Cempionia. darbazSi 3 mwvrTnelia, maTgan yvelaze gamocdili qarTlos pavliaSvilia, romelic siamovnebiTa da siamayiT miyveba darbazis istoriasa da miRwevebze: 1979 wlidan vamzadeb bavSvebs da Cems xelSi ramdenime Taobam gaiara, Cemi yvelaze warmatebuli mowafea gia vazagaSvili. ise bevri Cempioni hyavs am skolas aRzrdili, saerTod Sida qarTli Widaobis keraa, kaxeTTan erTad mowinavea am saxeobaSi. sisxlSi gvaqvs, rogorc Cans, Tan bavSvebs sxvisi warmatebis magaliTi rom aqvT, ufro mondomebuli arian. ician, rom bevri SromiT mizans miaRweven.


- 2016 wlis olipiadisiTvis emzadebiT? - ki, hyavs Cvens skolas nakrebSi biWebi, romlebsac Sansi aqvT gamgzavrebisa da gamarjvebisac. Cven Zalian gagviWirda omis dros, 2008 wels es darbazi afeTqda, veRar vvarjiSobdiT, zafxulSi movdiodiT, magram mainc SeuZlebeli iyo, pirobebi ar gvqonda, 2011 wels aRdga es darbazi da mas Semdeg nulidan viwyebT. - vin aRadgina? - goris municipalitetma aRadgina.

gzavnili

- axla Tu gaqvT raime problemebi? - Cven iseTi periodebi gvaqvs gamovlili, axla raRas unda vCiodeT, darbazi wesrigSia, gaTboba gvaqvs, kimonoebsac Ziudos federacia gvawdis rogorc SeuZlia, didi xania ar migviRia, magram ise gvaZlevs xolme. sportuli skolidan meore darbazSi mivdivar, romelic damsaxurebuli qarTveli mwvrTnelis guram papitaSvilis saxelobisaa, swored am darbazSi varjiSobs laSa SavdaTuaSvili. aqac bavSvebis simravle mxvdeba TvalSi, tatamebze asamde bavSvi varjiSobs, Tumca, darbazi gacilebiT mcire zomisaa, vidre sportul skolaSi. bavSvebis yuradReba mec maleve miviqcie, ramdenime maTgani maleve interesdeba Cemi vinaobiT, gagebisTanave sakuTari istoriis moyolas iwyeben. ra Tqma unda, ar mikvirs, rom TiToeuli maTgani olimpiur Cempionobaze ocnebobs da maTi misabaZi sportsmeni laSa SavdaTuaSvilia. Semdeg skolis direqtor anzor TenaZes vxvdebi, romelic Tavis ZmasTan, gia TenaZesTan, erTad am darbazis sulis Camdgmelia. anzor TenaZe: `skola 2004 wlidan arsebobs, magram jer darbazi ar gvqonda da kerZod vvarjiSobdiT, Cemi Zmis kuTvnil SenobaSi, Semdeg 2006 wels aSenda es darbazi sportis departamentis daxmarebiT da goris municipalitets gadaeca. amis Semdeg uwyvetad funqcionirebs, Tu omis periods ar CavTvliT, maSin SevwyviteT, ra Tqma unda, davziandiT kidec, magram maleve SevZeliT aRdgena. Cveni yvelaze didi warmatebaa 2012 wlis londonis olimpiada, sadac laSa SavdaTuaSvilma moigo oqros medali. is jerjerobiT Cveni skolidan erTaderTi olimpiuri Cempionia, magram es ar aris patara miRweva, radgan faqtobrivad 8 weliwadSi mivaRwieT am Sedegs, Tan im mZime wlebis fonze rac gamoviareT~ - Semdegi olipiadisTvis Tu emzadebiT? - ra Tqma unda, gvyavs iseTi biWebi, viszec imeds vamyarebT, evropisa da msoflios Cempioni WabukebSi beqa RviniaSvili, romelmac axla TurqeTSi grampric moigo. nugzar tatalaSvilic am skolaSi varjiSobs, aseve erekle arxozaSvili, romelic evropisa da evropis olimpiadis Cempionia. Kkidev Zalian bevri priziori gvyavs, romlebic

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ukve iCagrebian amden warmatebaSi, Torem, rasakvirvelia, naklebi miRwevebi araa. ase rom, Tuki qarTuli sporti msoflioSi cnobilia, masSi udidesi damsaxureba moWidaveebs ekuTvniT. qarTveli sportsmenebi yvelasTvis angariSgasawevi Zalaa da xSirad favoritis tituliTac sargebloben. sportis sxva arcerT saxeobaSi imdeni warmatebisTvis ar gvaqvs miRweuli, ramdenic WidaobaSi. 2012 wels saqarTvelos Ziudos nakrebi msoflios Cempioni gaxda da kidev erTxel gaimyara msoflios erTerTi Zlieri nakrebis tituli. gorSi yofnisas mivxvdi, rom am yvelafris mizezi is enTuziazmi, Sromismoyvareoba da mizandasuxulobaa, romelic qarTvel moWidaveebs ar akliaT. aseve davrwmundi, rom Widaoba sportis im Zalismier saxeobebs ekuTvnis, romlebic qarTvelebs sisxlSi gvaqvs da kargadac gamogvdis. ase rom, win kidev bervi warmatebaa.


aprili 2014

goris ,,dila" alionidan - daisamde giorgi xarSilaZe ,dila sixarulis, dila siyvarulis, Cveni warmatebis dila, xmebi aRmafrenis, Cveni gamarjvebis, geZaxi dilao dila~ - aseTi SeZaxilebi ismis Tengiz burjanaZis stadionze. goris `dilas~ erTguli gulSemakitvrebi, fan-klub ,,lomgulebis~ wevrebi mTeli oTxmocdaaTi wuTis ganmavlobaSi ar wyveten sayvareli gundis qomagobas. am biWebis sayvareli klubi ki wels karg fexburTs ver TamaSobs, arada wina sezons rom gadavxedoT, saqarTvelos Tasic moiges da mTeli Cempionatis ganmavlobaSi ,,dinamo Tbiliss~ tols ar udebdnen pirvelobisTvis brZolaSi. cota iRbali da iqneb oqros medlebisTvisac gamoekraT xeli. fexburTSi xSirad xdeba ase, grandebsac emarTebaT, warmatebul sezons Cavardna rom mosdevs. ager ,,manCester iunaitedsac~ krizisi daudga, Tumca gasul wels premierliga damajereblad moigo. SeuZlebelia inglisis Cempionats da saerTod romelime Cempionats klubi iRblis daxmarebiT igebdes. Cempionati ar aris konkretuli matCi, maraTonuli turniria da sul formaSi unda iyo, sul unda igebde.

li Worebis Tanaxmad, am klubTan dakavSireba xelisuflebas mxolod wina saarCevnod dasWirda. es xmebi ufro sarwmunod imitomac moCans, rom fexburTelebs kontraqti eqvsi TviT gauformes, amis Semdegi perspeqtiva ki erTaderTi sityviT Semoifargla: ,,vnaxoT~. rac gakeTda, da obieqturobisTvis aucileblad unda aRiniSnos, is aris, rom klubis stadioni gaaremontres, im arenas daamsagavses, sadac fexburTis TamaSi SeiZleba.

netav, Cvenc aseTi problemebi gvqondes, imaze vfiqrobdeT, fexburTelebi ratom berdebian da axalgazrdoba rom dabrunebodeT, ama Tu im gunds ra dRes daayridnen, magram, samwuxarod, ase ar aris. saqarTveloSi politika rom fexburTTan aris dakavSirebuli da Tan ise mWidrod, rom erTmaneTis gareSe ukve warmoudgenladac gveCveneba, amaSi kidev erTxel davrwmundiT, rodesac Sinagan saqmeTa saministro `dilas~ mepatroned mogvevlina. moaru-

maSindeli xelisufleba arCevnebSi rom ar damarcxebuliyo, ar viciT, ra moxdeboda, magram amaze marCielobas jobs imaze visaubroT, ra xdeba axla klubSi. ,,qarTuli ocneba~ fexburTis ganviTarebaze ar saubrobso, es tyuili iqneba, Tumca, wina xelisuflebisgan gansxvavebiT, sxva gzebs xedaven da zogadad, albaT es midgoma ufro samarTlianad gamoiyureba. `erTiani nacionaluri moZraoba~ mxolod ,,dilas~ dafinansebiT Semoifargla,

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axali xelisuflebis periodSi ki mTlianad CempionatSi fulis Cadebaze daiwyo saubari, weliwadSi ocdacameti milionis odenobiT, romelic sam welzea gaTvlili. ar vici, ramdenad samarTliania biujetidan romelime klubi an federacia finansdebodes, amaze saubari ki Sors wagviyvans...

evroTasebze warmatebuli gamosvlis miuxedavad, Zalam mainc aRmarTi moxna, dila damarcxda da mxolod saqarTvelos pirvelobas unda davbrunebodiT, magram proeqti Cavarda, xelisufleba Seicvala, biujeti aRar damtkicda da fexburTelebmac TavianTi gza monaxes. axlac rom gadavxedoT goris `dilas~ Semadgenlobas, aRmovaCenT ramdenime saintereso gvars: aleqsandre kvaxaZe, aleqsandre koSkaZe, giorgi beriaSvili, gulverd TomaSvili da sxvebi, Tumca amiT Tormetgundian CenpionatSi qveda eqvseulis liderobaRa gaxda SesaZlebeli. bevri qveynis xelisufleba ereoda fexburTSi, icodnen, ra mniSvnelobis matarebeli iyo

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xalxisTvis es sporti. italiaSi faSistebma iaraRis muqariT moaxerxes msoflio Cempionoba, Tbilisis `dinamo~ ki sabWoTa kavSiris Cempioni mxolod maSin xdeboda, rodesac politikuri TvalsazrisiT sabWoTa xelisuflebas Zalian uWirda saqarTveloSi. mravali magaliTi SemiZlia kidev moviyvano, magram eg arafers gviSvelis. Tu saxelmwifo marTlac apirebs CaerTos fexburTSi, Cemi azriT, mxolod infrastruqtura ver gviSvelis, jobs bavSvTa fexburTSi Caidos fuli da egeb bevrma iTamaSos Cvidmeti wlis mere didi fexburTi...

gzavnili

rodesac Cveni qveynis gundebi evrosarbielze cdilobdnen warmatebisTvis mieRwiaT, goruli klubis warmateba mainc didi kiTxvis niSnis qveS idga, vfiqrobdiT, gamoucdeli gundia, jer evroturnirebze gamocdileba ar aqvso, magram yvela sasiamovnod gagvaoca, rodesac kviprosis `anorTosisi~ metoqis moedanze 0:3 gaanadgura. es is kviprosis `anorTosisia~, Cveni nakrebis Tavkaci Temur qecbaia rom TamaSobda da Semdeg wvrTnida. Temuri axla iq legendaa, misi TaosnobiT gundma xom CempionTa ligaze gaaRwia. aseTi gundi daamarcxa qarTulma klubma da veravin ityvis, yvelaze gamoucdeli metoqe Sexvda, vinc ki SeiZleboda Sexvedrodao.


aprili 2014

gzavnili

blogi

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xalxTa mama

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Cven gzavnili gamogvatanes

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xalxTa mama Tamar gegiZe xalxis keTildReobisTvis mebrZolma saxem, romelic, sabolood, kultad iqca. kultis Crdili imd

muSaTa moZraobis erTerTi xelmZRvaneli da marqsizmis propagandisti wlebis Semdeg yvelam gaicno uZlieres liderad. Tumca bevrma ar icis, rom msoflios uniWieresi mTavarsardali pirvel nabijebs goris sasuliero seminariaSi dgamda, Semdeg ki Tbilisis sasuliero seminariaSi gaagrZela swavla. wlebis Semdeg amxanagi stalini, romelic aRmatebul klasebTan TavdauRalavi brZoliT movida udidesi imperiis saTaveSi, iqca TanasworTa klasis liderad. samwuxarod, erTmaneTTan TanxvedraSi ar modis sabWoTa idea- yvela Tanaswori varT da frazebi `kacTa Soris rCeuli" an `xalxTa mama", romliTac xalxi xotbas asxamda mas. TanasworobisTvis brZola dasrulda imiT, rom stalini iqca diqtatorad, Tumca amave epoqaSi moRvawe hitleris fonze misi,rogorc diqtatoris imiji naklebSesamCnevi gaxda da win wamoiwia

nad didi aRmoCnda, rom gadafara gulagebSi daRvrili 1,6 milioni adamianis sisxli, 6 milionis adamianis gadasaxleba, maT Soris 1.5 milionis daRupva da koleqtivizaciac. Tumca beladi saxelis gafuWebas gadaurCa, roca gmirulad CaerTo samamulo omSi da TavganwirviT SeebrZola mTel msoflios, sabWoTa kavSiris gadasarCenad. am Tavganwirul brZolaSi milionobiT adamiani daiRupa deviziT `samSoblosaTvis, stalinisaTvis!, riTac samudamod ukvdavyves ioseb juRaSvilis, rogorc didi mTavarsardlis, xsovna. ramdeni sisxlic unda iyos diqtatoris xelebze, milionobiT adamians tkbilad aTrobda misi Cibuxis boli da am burusis ukan xedavdnen udides pirovnebas, romelic dRedaRam zrunavda maT keTildReobaze, rac udavod did niWs, Zalisxmevas da, ra Tqma unda, genias saWiroebda. dRemde am geniis Tayvanismcemelia

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gzavnili

ioseb besarionis Ze juRaSvili, saqveynod cnobili, rogorc ioseb stalini da didi beladi, aramxolod giganti imperiis siamaye gaxldaT (destalinizaciamde), aramed am imperiis Semadgeneli patara qalaqisac, romelic dRemde amayad atarebs stalinis mSobliuri qalaqis saxels.


aprili 2014 aTasobiT adamiani. qarTveli stalinistebisTvis didi beladi yvelaze didi qarTveli moRvawea.isini miiCneven, rom is saqarTvelos sxva qveynebze win ayenebda da bevri sikeTe gaakeTa qveynisTvis. Tumca, faqti faqtad rCeba, stalinisTvis sabWoTa kavSiris yvela qveyana Tanabrad mniSvnelovani iyo, rogorc teritoria da saqarTveloc sxva qveynebTan erTad Tanabrad erTveboda ganviTarebisa da

industrializaciis procesSi. fiqri imaze, rom samSoblos stalini sxva qveynebs Soris gamoarCevda, absurdulic kia im magaliTis fonze, rom didma beladma sakuTari Svilic ki gawira, roca uari Tqva mis tyveobidan gaTavisuflebaze, germaneli generlis sanacvlod. misi pasuxi iyo -`yoveli jariskaci sabWoTa kavSirSi Cemi Svilia da yvela erTnairad miyvars, ubralo jariskacebs ki generlebze ar vcvli~. mas Semdeg rac saqarTvelosa da ruseTs Soris urTierTobis daZabvam piks miaRwia, gamoCnda xalxi, romelic miiCnevs, rom sabWoTa kavSirSi da ruseTis mfarvelobaSi cxovreba ukeTesi iyo qarTvelebisaTvis, amasTanave gamoCndnen mowinaaRdegeebic. am kiTxvebze eri, albaT, didxans idavebs, manam ki me ubralod giambobT, rogor mivageni amis pasuxebs didi beladis mSobliur kuTxeSi. miuxedavad xmauriani warsulisa, gori mSvidi da wynari qalaqia, cxovrebis uCveulo tempiT. aq quCebs saocari sevda moaqvs da gaucnobierebeli SiSic gipyrobs, SiSi, romelic omgamovlil qalaqs axasiaTebs. midixar da akvirdebi xalxs. saocaria, ra mSvidi saxeebi aqvT, ra neli nabijiT moZraoben da ramdenad udardelad ebrZvian axal dRes... aseTi xalxiT savse quCebSi marto mivabijebdi. respodentebis ZiebaSi xalxmraval quCaze Sevuxvie da Tvalwin damidga is, rac am qalaqis istoriaSi didi beladis warmomavlobaze ufro mniSvnelovania. Cem win idga xuTsarTuliani sacxovrebeli saxli, romlis cali kedeli 2008 wlis omis daRs dRemde atarebs. ucxo qalaqSi marto dgaxar,

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am qalaqSi ori istoriuli mniSvnelobis Zeglia: pirveli agvistos omis monumentia, Tuki SeiZleba ase vuwodoT dacxrilul saxls,

meore ki _ ioseb juRaSvilis muzeumi. TiToeuli qarTveli valdebulia, pativiscemiT moekidos orive maTgans, radgan istoria arasdros unda mieces daviwyebas, imisTvis, rom yovelTvis gvaxsovdes, rani viyaviT,vinvarT da rogor unda vicxovroT winaparTa gamocdilebiT. axal Taobas aqvs ufleba, Tavad gadawyvitos, ra miiCnios samagaliTod Cveni mdidari warsulidan da ra ara. bolos da bolos, yvela veTanxmebiT, rom `awmyo Sobili warsulisagan, mSobeli aris momavalisa" , ioseb stalini ki Cveni qveynis ganuyofeli warsulia, Tan ramdenic ar unda vidavoT, SeuZlebelia, ar vaRiaroT, rom is marTlac didi iyo, didi imdenad, rom TiTqmis naxevari msoflio RmerTad Tvlida, naxevari kisatanad.

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gzavnili

dacxriluli kedlis, Seni qveynis istoriis, patriotuli grZnobebisa da tkivilis winaSe, romelic omis dReebSi Senma Tanamemamuleebma ganicades. TiTqos es ar kmara pleerSi momdevno musika irakli Carkvianis `saqarTvelo" irTveba da emociebiT imdenad savse xar, veRar moZraob. magram gzas Tu gaagrZeleb sul sxvas dainaxav stalinis saxl-muzeumis ezoSi, romelic lamazi skveriTaa garSemortymuli. aq goris cxovrebis ritmisTvis uCveulo fusfusia. muzeums mnaxveli ar aklia, Tumca gansakuTrebul yuradRebas iqcevs misi biusti ezoSi, romelTanac patara rigi dadga. rigi msurvelebisa, gadaiRon suraTi did beladTan.


aprili 2014

Cven gzavnili gamogvatanes nanuka bregaZe

8-is naxevarze SeTanxmebulebi, 8-ze _ `SesaSuri~ punqtualobiT vikribebiT da gorisken viRebT gezs, raTa `gzavnili goridan~ Tqvenamde movitanoT. diax, Cven Tsu-eli Jurnalistebi varT da gadavwyviteT gors `SevesioT~.

soflebSi mimavlebi ki avtosadgurisken mivemarTebiT.

daskvniT niusrums mikroavtobusSi vawyobT, Cvens leqtorTan, qalbaton maia toraZesTan erTad saboloo detalebze vTanxmdebiT da erT saaTSi ukve adgilze varT.

karaleTidan dabrunebuli TaTia yveba, rom CasvlisTanave misi yuradReba erTma Suaxnis mamakacma miipyro, romelic saubarSi dawvrilebiT yveboda karaleTis warsulis ambebs.

goris SesasvlelSi merab mamardaSvilis Zegli gvegebeba, Semdeg ki qalaqis uxucesi verxvis xe. cotac da, im korpusebs vuaxlovdebiT, 2008 wlis omis simbolod rom iqca. is cecxlmokidebuli korpusebi axla Tavmomwoned, darbaislurad dganan da warsulis sevdas ar imCneven. Tumca, rogoria cxovreba fasads miRma, cotam Tu icis.

`mas sabWoTa kavSiri imdenad Zvalsa da rbilSi aqvs gamjdari da stalini imdenad miaCnda qveynierebis simbolod, rom momavalSi verafers xedavs, Tu Zvel ssrk qveynebs ar mivewerebiT... sakvirvelia, Tumca mec ar vici, mis adgilas, mis epoqaSi gazrdils, ra Sexedulebebi Camomiyalibdeboda,~- ambobs TaTia.

istoriul korpusebs gamovcdiT da goris erTerT savizito baraTTan _ stalinis saxlmuzeumTan movediT. gadawyda _ `banaki~ aq unda `davceT~. transportidan CamovdivarT da vgrZnobT, rom, miuxedavad susxisa, dila gorSi zafxulisas hgavda, mze rom eqvs saTze ukve anaTebs, magram miuxedavad amisa, erTi-or adamians RviZavs. .mokled, gors vaxmaurebT. ukve adgilze varT da kidev erTxel vakeTebT monaxazs _ vin, sad da qalaqis romel ubanSi an mimdebare soflebSi gaifanteba. Sexvedris dros da adgilsac vaTanxmebT. moqmedeba iwyeba. nawili qalaqSi ifanteba,

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naTia suxitaSvili da TaTia kakiaSvili sofel karaleTSi midian.

naTia ki 83 wlis mewisqviles xvdeba da misi cxovrebiT interesdeba, Turme, wlebia, mewisqvile sam sofels emsaxureba. goris uaxlesi istoriis gamo, xelmokle da socialurad daucvelis statusis mqone ojaxebi, samwuxarod, aravis ukvirs. giorgi SaverdaSvilma swored socialur Temaze gadawyvita reportaJis gakeTeba da sofel tinisxidSi xuTSviliani ojaxis moulodneli stumari gaxda. `sofel tinisxidSi socialurad daucvel 5-Svilian ojaxs veZebdi.. veZebdi saxls, romelic vicodi, kargad ar gamoiyureboda, magram nanaxma molodis gadaaWarba... erTi oTaxi, moryeuli kedlebi, fanjrebi, naxevrad


gzavnili

Casmuli minebiT, irgvliv siRatake da siRaribe sufevda, romelic ojaxis wevrebze, patara ninidan dawyebuli, qalbatoni elisos (deda) saxeze aRweriliyo,"_ ixsenebs giorgi.

atenis sioni da dedaTa monasteri eyofa, romelmac funqcionireba 2006 wels ganaaxla.

giorgis tinisxidSi stumrobis paralelurad, me, ana xaCiZesTan da ana gelaSvilTan erTad, sofel atenSi gaxldiT.

Tumca, garda istoriuli Zeglebisa is udidesi vazis kulturiTac gamoirCeva da amjerad, atenSi, swored vazma da Rvinis dayenebis tradiciuli da uZvelesi kulturis interesma Camogviyvana.

es sofeli udidesi istoriul-kulturuli mniSvnelobiT iwonebs Tavs. sxva rom araferi iyos, saamayod mxolod meSvide saukunis

yofili Sampanuris qarxanaSi varT. rogorc vigebT, axla mxolod Rvinos awarmoeben da kerZo damkveTebze yidian. aqedan orni unikal-

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uri marnisken mivemarTebiT. erTgan qvevris Rvinoze vsaubrobT, meoregan ki, RvinosTan erTad, unikalur maran-muzeums vawydebiT, sadac Zalian Zvel da saintereso nivTebs mouyria Tavi. codva gamxelili sjobs da, Cveni saocrad stumarTmoyvare maspinZlebis wyalobiT, marnebs ise ver vtovebT, rom TeTri, SuSxuna `atenuri" da `Tavkveris" wiTeli, cqriala Rvino ar davagemovnoT.

aprili 2014

samwuxarod, dedaTa monastris marnis naxvis saSualeba ar gveZleva. rogorc aRmoCnda, amisTvis, meufis kurTxeva aris saWiro. rodesac Cven atenis quCebSi davabijebT da marnebs vaTvalierebT, gorSi zogi quCis gamokiTxvas atarebs, zogic axali da Zveli ubnebis arqiteqturas swavlobs da arc goris cixeze asvla da TeatrSi stumroba aviwydebaT. Semdeg, Tika gegenava gviyveboda, rom gorelebis kamerasTan alaparakeba arc Tu advili saqme yofila. nawils saqmeze eCqareba, nawils _ saxlSi datovebul patarasTan da ra aRar... `SesaSuri sityvaZviroba gamoiCines gorelebma. Tumca, ramdenimem mainc dagviTmo cota dro da erTi-ori sityva gviwyaloba. ufro advili aRmoCnda saubari goris Teatris warmomadgenlebTan. fotoebic gadagvaRebines, gulaxdilad gvesaubrnen da scenazec ki waiTamaSes CvenTvis. mixaria, rom goris Teatri funqcionirebs da, rogorc goris Teatris direqtorma miTxra, sakmaod aqtiuri da kulturuli msmeneli hyavT." - STabeWdilebebs gviziarebs Tika. is rom Teatrs stumrobs, Tamuna gegiZe gorelebis stalinis mimarT damokidebulebiT interesdeba. `didi beladi _ ase cocxlobs goreli xalxis warmodgenaSi misi xsovna da misdami, rogorc kultisadmi damokidebuleba arcerTi wamiT ar Senelebula. mosaxleobas miaCnia, rom stalinis Zeglis dadgma, qalaqis istoriis xazgasmis ki ara, misdami saukunovani pativiscemis niSani unda iyos," _ ambobs Tamuna. jgufan erTad wamosvlas ramdenime studenti ver axerxebs da Semdeg marto uwevT Casvla. Tumca, isic unda aRniSnos, rom TiTqmis yvela Jurnalists mogviwia ganmeorebiT vwveodiT gors. izi nozaZe gorSi Casvlis dros cotas nerviulobs, radgan iq pirvelad aris da Tan marto: `kiTxva-kiTxviT mivageni univrsitets. bavSvebi Zalian Tbilad damxvdnen. mekiTxebodnen, sad SeZleben Jurnalis el-versiis naxvas. universitetis samive korpusi davaTvaliere, leqtorebsac gavesaubre da SemTxveviT erTi gogonac gavicani, romelic Tavisi stundenturi cxovrebiT sainteresod momeCvena. mikroavtobusSi rom Cavjeqi, iseTi SegrZneba mqonda, rom stumrad ucnob ki ara CemTvis Zalian nacnob da sayvarel qalaqSi viyavi."

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SegrZneba, romelzec qeTi saubrobs, arc danarCenebisTvis aris ucnobi.Ees istoriebi ki mxolod mcire nawilia imisa, rac am erTdRiani stumrobis dros gorSi da mis irgvliv soflebSi gadagvxda. Tbilisisken momaval gzaze erTmaneTSi uamravi emocia ireva, romelTa gamoxatvas da TqvenTvis gaziarebas im ambebis gadmocemiT vcdilobT, romelsac goris raioni da misi mosaxleoba gigzavniT. imedia, gamogvivida...


gzavnili

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aprili 2014

გზავნილი გორიდან  

ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის სოციალურ და პოლიტიკურ მეცნიერებათა ფაკულტეტის ჟურნალისტიკის მიმართულების სტუდ...

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