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contrs. Page i Thursday, August 28, 2003 8:15 AM

Construction Fieldbook (Flip for Spanish version.)

Table of Contents (The red numbers preceding each paragraph and page numbers at the bottom of each page are the same in Spanish and English for quick reference.)

Page Most Common Standards Cited for Construction Terms

1 5-60

Changing the Complex Into Compliance速 Mangan Communications, Inc.


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Copyright Š MMIII by Ž

Patent Pending Mangan Communications, Inc. 315 West Fourth Street Davenport, Iowa 52801 (563) 323-6245 (800) 767-3759 Fax: (888) 398-6245 Website: E-Mail:

All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or any other retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Although the Federal Regulations published as promulgated are in public domain, the formatting and sequence of the regulations and other materials contained herein are subject to the copyright laws. While every effort has been made to ensure that the information contained herein is accurate and complete at the time of printing, the frequency of changes in the regulations makes it impossible to guarantee the complete accuracy of the information that follows. Therefore, neither Mangan Communications, Inc., nor its subsidiaries shall be liable for any damages resulting from the use of or reliance upon this publication. Furthermore, the appearance of products, services, companies, organizations or causes in the 29 CFR does not in any way imply endorsement by Mangan Communications, Inc., or its subsidiaries. This publication is constructed to provide accurate information in regard to the material included. It is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not involved in providing accounting, legal, or other professional service. If legal consultation or other expert advice is required, the services of a professional person should be engaged.


Library of Congress Control Number: 2002117809 ISBN:1-932249-07-9

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Most Common Standards Cited for Construction

Most Common Standards Cited for Construction (29 CFR 1926), October 2001 through September 2002 Standard 1926.451 1926.501 1926.651 1926.1053 1926.100 1926.652 1926.404 1926.405 1926.20 1926.503 1926.453 1926.502 1926.21 1926.454 1926.1052 1926.1101 1926.62 1926.403 1926.452 1926.102 1926.550 1926.416 1926.602 1926.350 1926.25 1926.701 1926.95 1926.760 1926.1060 1926.251 1926.150 1926.300 1926.1051 1926.152 1926.28 1926.304 1926.153 1926.50 1926.201 1926.200 1926.106 1926.850 1926.59 1926.351 1926.51 1926.105 1926.761 1926.302 1926.601 1926.55 1926.352

# Cited 8423 5461 2062 1755 1614 1433 1406 1390 1233 1206 1158 1091 1065 927 865 801 771 726 671 550 445 441 424 418 349 346 328 257 252 243 238 217 210 179 143 140 120 119 108 105 101 101 100 93 87 85 83 80 80 71 68

Description General Requirements for All Types of Scaffolding Fall Protection Scope/Applications/Definitions Excavations, General Requirements Ladders Head Protection Excavations, Requirements for Protective Systems Electrical, Wiring Design and Protection Electrical Wiring Methods, Components and Equipment, General Use Construction, General Safety and Health Provisions Fall Protection Training Requirements Manually Propelled Mobile Ladder Stands and Scaffolds Fall Protection Systems Criteria and Practices Construction, Safety Training and Education Training Requirements for All Types of Scaffolding Stairways Asbestos Lead Electrical, General Requirements Additional Requirements for Specific Scaffolding Eye and Face Protection Cranes and Derricks Electrical, Safety-Related Work Practices, General Requirements Material Handling Equipment Gas Welding and Cutting Construction, Housekeeping Concrete/Masonry, General Requirements Criteria for Personal Protective Equipment Fall Protection for Steel Erection Stairways and Ladders, Training Requirements Rigging Equipment for Material Handling Fire Protection Hand and Power Tools, General Requirements Stairways and Ladders, General Requirements Flammable and Combustible Liquids Construction, Personal Protective Equipment Woodworking Tools Liquefied Petroleum Gas Medical Services and First Aid Signaling Accident Prevention Signs and Tags Working Over or Near Water Demolition, Preparatory Operations Hazard Communication Arc Welding and Cutting Sanitation Safety Nets Training for Steel Erection Power-Operated Hand Tools Motor Vehicles Gases, Vapors, Fumes, Dusts, and Mists Fire Prevention

(All pages match up to the Spanish pages if flipped.)


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Most Common Standards Cited for Construction

Standard 1926.307 1926.600 1926.103 1926.303 1926.752 1926.800 1926.35 1926.34 1926.955 1926.706 1926.703 1926.52 1926.252 1926.950 1926.54 1926.417 1926.250 1926.552 1926.605 1926.757 1926.852 1926.754 1926.202 1926.353 1926.750 1926.151 1926.500 1926.755 1926.856 1926.57 1926.96 1926.432 1926.951 1926.101 1926.301 1926.104 1926.954 1926.554 1926.905 1926.56 1926.24 1926.441 1926.604 1926.851 1926.900 1926.952 1926.407 1926.603 1926.751 1926.753 1926.756 1926.65 1926.306


# Cited 61 56 53 51 45 45 39 35 34 32 31 30 30 30 27 27 26 25 25 23 20 18 17 17 17 16 14 14 13 12 12 12 12 11 11 10 9 8 8 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 4 4

Description Mechanical Power-Transmission Apparatus Equipment Respiratory Protection Abrasive Wheels and Tools Site Layout, Site-Specific Erection Plan, and Construction Sequence Underground Construction Construction, Employee Emergency Action Plans Construction, Means of Egress Power Transmission, Overhead Lines Masonry Construction Concrete/Masonry, Cast-In-Place Concrete Occupational Noise Exposure Disposal of Waste Materials Power Transmission, General Requirements Nonionizing Radiation Electrical, Lockout and Tagging of Circuits Materials Handling, General Requirements for Storage Material Hoists, Personnel Hoists, and Elevators Marine Operations and Equipment Open Web Steel Joists Demolition, Chutes Structural Steel Assembly Barricades Ventilation and Protection in Welding, Cutting, and Heating Steel Erection, Scope Fire Prevention Floor/Wall Openings, Guardrails, Handrails and Covers Column Anchorage in Steel Erection Removal of Walls, Floors, and Material with Equipment Ventilation Occupational Foot Protection Electrical, Environmental Deterioration of Equipment Power Transmission, Tools and Protective Equipment Hearing Protection Hand Tools Safety Belts, Lifelines, and Lanyards Power Transmission, Grounding for Employee Protection Overhead Hoists Loading of Explosives or Blasting Agents Illumination Construction, Fire Protection and Prevention Electrical, Battery Locations and Battery Charging Site Clearing Demolition, Stairs, Passageways, and Ladders Blasting and Use of Explosives, General Power Transmission, Mechanical Equipment Electrical, Hazardous (Classified) Locations Pile Driving Equipment Steel Erection, Definitions Steel Erection, Hoisting and Rigging Beams and Columns in Steel Erection Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Air Receivers

(All pages match up to the Spanish pages if flipped.)

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Most Common Standards Cited for Construction

Standard 1926.704 1926.854 1926.859 1926.956 1926.1000 1926.1127 1926.555 1926.858 1926.305 1926.702 1926.758 1926.759 1926.855 1926.857 1926.957 1926.23 1926.29 1926.354 1926.551 1926.904 1926.909 1926.953

# Cited 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Description Concrete/Masonry, Precast Concrete Removal of Walls, Masonry Sections, and Chimneys Mechanical Demolition Power Transmission, Underground Lines Rollover Protective Structures (ROPS) for Material Handling Equip. Cadmium Conveyors Demolition, Removal of Steel Construction Jacks — Level and Ratchet, Screw and Hydraulic Concrete/Masonry, Equipment and Tools Systems-Engineered Metal Buildings Falling Object Protection Manual Removal of Floors Demolition, Storage Power Transmission, Construction in Energized Substations Construction, First Aid and Medical Attention Construction, Acceptable Certifications Welding, Cutting and Heating, Preservative Coatings Helicopters Storage of Explosives and Blasting Agents Blasting, Firing the Blast Power Transmission, Material Handing

(All pages match up to the Spanish pages if flipped.)


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Most Common Standards Cited for Construction


(All pages match up to the Spanish pages if flipped.)

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Aerial Lifts 1. 2.

Access to Medical and Exposure Records


Each employer must preserve and maintain accurate medical and exposure records for each employee. Exposure records and data analyses based on them are to be kept for 30 years. Medical records are to be kept for at least the duration of employment plus 30 years. Background data for exposure records such as laboratory reports and work sheets need to be kept for only 1 year.


Records of employees who have worked for less than 1 year need not be retained after employment, but the employer must provide these records to the employee upon termination of employment. First-aid records of one-time treatment need not be retained for any specified period. §1910.1020(d) made applicable to construction by §1926.33

5. 6.

Accident Prevention Signs and Tags


Caution signs shall be used only to warn against potential hazards or to caution against unsafe practices. §1926.200(c)(1)

8. 9.

Accident Prevention Responsibilities

10. 11.

Each employer shall permit employees, their designated representatives, and OSHA direct access to employer-maintained exposure and medical records. The standard limits access only to those employees who are, have been (including former employees), or will be exposed to toxic substances or harmful physical agents. §1910.1020(e)(2)(iii) and (3)(i) made applicable to construction by §1926.33

Danger signs shall be used only where an immediate hazard exists. §1926.200(b)(1)

Such programs shall provide for frequent and regular inspections of the job sites, materials, and equipment to be made by competent persons designated by the employers. §1926.20(b)(2)

Aerial Lifts Aerial lifts, powered or manual, include, but are not limited to, the following types of vehicle-mounted aerial devices used to elevate personnel to jobsites above ground: extensible boom platforms, articulating boom platforms, and vertical towers. §1926.453(a)(1)

(The red numbers correspond to the Spanish pages when flipped.)


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Air Tools 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

When operating aerial lifts, employers must ensure employees are • Trained, • Authorized, • Setting brakes and using outriggers, • Not exceeding boom and basket load limits, • Using personal fall protection when required, and • Not using devices such as ladders, stilts, or step stools to raise the employee above the basket.


In addition, manufacturers or the equivalent must certify, in writing, all modifications to aerial lifts. §§1926.453(b) and 1926.454

20. 21.

Air Tools


Safety clips or retainers shall be securely installed and maintained on pneumatic impact tools to prevent attachments from being accidentally expelled. §1926.302(b)(2)


The manufacturer’s safe operating pressure for all fittings shall not be exceeded. §1926.302(b)(5)


All hoses exceeding 1/2-inch (1.3-centimeters) inside diameter shall have a safety device at the source of supply or branch line to reduce pressure in case of hose failure. §1926.302(b)(7)

25. 26.



Employers also must ensure that no employee is exposed to an airborne concentration of asbestos in excess of 0.1 f/cc as an 8-hour timeweighted average (TWA). §1926.1101(c)(1)


Pneumatic power tools shall be secured to the hose in a positive manner to prevent accidental disconnection. §1926.302(b)(1)

Each employer who has a workplace or work operation where exposure monitoring is required must perform monitoring to determine accurately the airborne concentrations of asbestos to which employees may be exposed. §1926.1101(f)(1)(i)

(All pages match up to the Spanish pages if flipped.)

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Authorized Person 28.

In addition, employers must ensure that no employee is exposed to an airborne concentration of asbestos in excess of 1 f/cc as averaged over a sampling period of 30 minutes. §1926.1101(c)(2)


Respirators must be used during (1) all Class I asbestos jobs; (2) all Class II work where an asbestos-containing material is not removed substantially intact; (3) all Class II and III work not using wet methods, except on sloped roofs; (4) all Class II and III work without a negative exposure assessment; (5) all Class III jobs where thermal system insulation or surfacing asbestos-containing or presumed asbestos-containing material is cut, abraded, or broken; (6) all Class IV work within a regulated area where respirators are required; (7) all work where employees are exposed above the PEL or STEL; and (8) in emergencies. §1926.1101(h)(1)(i)-(viii)


The employer must provide and require the use of protective clothing — such as coveralls or similar whole-body clothing, head coverings, gloves, and foot coverings — for • Any employee exposed to airborne asbestos exceeding the PEL or STEL, • Work without a negative exposure assessment, or • Any employee performing Class I work involving the removal of over 25 linear or 10 square feet (3.048 square meters) of thermal system insulation or surfacing asbestos-containing or presumed asbestoscontaining materials. §1926.1101(i)(1)

31. 32. 33.


The employer must provide a medical surveillance program for all employees who — for a combined total of 30 or more days per year — engage in Class I, II, or III work or are exposed at or above the PEL or STEL; or who wear negative-pressure respirators. §1926.1101(m)(1)(i)

35. 36.

Authorized Person Authorized person means a person approved or assigned by the employer to perform a specific type of duty or duties or to be at a specific location or locations at the jobsite. §1926.32(d)

(The red numbers correspond to the Spanish pages when flipped.)


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Belt Sanding Machines 37. 38.

Belt Sanding Machines


The unused run of the sanding belt shall be guarded against accidental contact. §1926.304(f)), incorporated by reference from ANSI 01.1-1961, Section 4.9.4


Chains (See Rigging)

41. 42.

Competent Person

43. 44.

Compressed Air, Use of


This requirement does not apply to concrete form, mill scale, and similar cleaning operations. §1926.302(b)(4)

46. 47.

Compressed Gas Cylinders


Cylinder valves shall be closed when work is finished and when cylinders are empty or are moved. §1926.350(a)(8)


Compressed gas cylinders shall be secured in an upright position at all times, except if necessary for short periods of time when cylinders are actually being hoisted or carried. §1926.350(a)(9)


Belt sanding machines shall be provided with guards at each nip point where the sanding belt runs onto a pulley. §1926.304(f), incorporated by reference from ANSI 01.1-1961, Section 4.9.4

Competent person means one who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surroundings or working conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to employees, and who has authorization to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them. §1926.32(f)

Compressed air used for cleaning purposes shall be reduced to less than 30 pounds per square inch (psi) (207 KPa) and then only with effective chip guarding and personal protective equipment. §1926.302(b)(4)

Valve protection caps shall be in place and secured when compressed gas cylinders are transported, moved, or stored. §1926.350(a)(1)

(All pages match up to the Spanish pages if flipped.)

Construction Fieldbook