Architectural Thesis 2K20 - ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY

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ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY

THESIS REPORT ON “ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY”

Submitted in partial fulfilment of the Requirement for the award of degree of ‘Bachelor of Architecture’

Submitted by MAMTA KUMA RI

B.ARCH. 4TH YEAR

Guided by AR. AMIT KUMAR

GANGA INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTURE AND TOWN PLANNING

(2016 – 2021)

ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY

CERTIFICATE

We certify that the thesis entitled ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY, which is being submitted by MAMTA KUMAR I, in the VIII semester of ‘Bachelor of Architecture’ undergraduate program, Faculty of Architecture, Ganga Institute of Architecture & Town Planning, Maharishi Dayanand University, is a record of bonafide work, to the best of our knowledge.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Writing a project of this nature is an arduous task. I was fortunate enough to get help and guidance from a large number of persons. It is a pleasure to acknowledge them though it is still inadequate appreciation of their contributions.

I am grateful to ‘ Prof. Amit Garg’ , Head of the Department of Architecture, GIATP; my supervisor during the project, who inspired me to take up such an innovative project. Since beginning he offered incisive and valuable suggestions, which sig nificantly influenced my thinking process.

(Thesis guide)

AR. AMIT KUMAR

I would also like to thank ‘Associate Prof. Amit Kumar ’ .

With the exceptions credited, the majority of the illustrations used in this study belongs to me and were parts of projects in which I have been inv olved academically. I am indebted to people and archives who have given their permission to reproduce photographs. Every effort has been made to trace copyright holders, but in a few cases this has not been possible.

(Director)

External Examiner 1

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ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY MAMTA KUMARI

DECLARATION

I, MAMTA KUMARI, hereby declare that the thesis entitled “ ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY” represents my ideas in my own words and where others' ideas or words have been included, I have adequatel y cited and referenced the original sources. I also declare that I have adhered to all principles of academic honesty and integrity and have not misrepresented or fabricated or falsified any idea/data/fact/source in my submission. I understand that any vio lation of the above will be cause for disciplinary action by the Institute and can also evoke penal action from the sources which have thus not been properly cited or from whom proper permission has not been taken when needed.

ABSTRACT

I CHOOSE THIS AS THESIS PROJECT AS ITS ALREADY

“The National museum of architecture is a project proposed by Greha along with the council of architect ure, INTACH and Indian Institute of architects. The site for the project is in Lado Sarai, New Delhi, 1km away from Qutub Minar. ”

Date:

MAMTA KUMARI

BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE

8TH SEM ESTER

ARCHITECTURAL ASPECTS…

The idea of this thesis is to explore and out what an ar chitectural museum should aim to do. The understanding of architecture varies between architects and the public. Every person is directly or indirectly affected by any piece of architecture, just that majority of them don’t realize what is it about architecture that’s affecting them and how. They appreciate/criticize architecture consciously/subconsciously at times without understanding why it is the way it is. This difference in understanding between the architect and his/her subject (any person getting affected by architecture) needs to be brought to the same level by providing a platform that brings them together. This museum will become a centre for knowledge for everyone visiting it. It will become an icon that people want to see when they visit the cit y of Delhi. It will become an inclusive public place for people from all backgrounds to gather and talk about architecture. It will become a place of education for aspiring architects to do their research and understand architecture. Most importantly, it w ill become a place that is important to city without disturbing the city fabric. It should stand out not in terms of its form, but in terms of the spatial experience. The architectural expression will be such that it reects the past, present and the future of architecture.

The place will empower architects as they receive better acknowledgment and appreciation for their works. The museum is meant to house information about other buildings so that the visitors understand and learn why they appreciate or they don’t when visit a piece of architecture. It might be known as the guardian of heritage. It might be known as a centre of knowledge for those who wish to know about architecture. It might be a platform for people to connect to each other through the exhib its and spaces. Whatever this museum is identied as will be a reection of what it aims to do.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

S.NO TOPIC PAGE NO

I. INTRODUCTION………………...………………………………… (01-08)

1. THESIS SYNOPSIS…………………………………………….

2. ARCHITECTURAL CONTEXT…………………………

II. LITERATURE STUDY & DATA COLLECTION………………. (09-18)

1. ART GALLERY…………………………………………... ........ 10

1.1 . TYPES OF GALLERY

2. MUSEUM……………………………………………………… 11

2.1 . HISTORY OF MUSEUM

2.2 . TYPES OF MUSEUM

3. SPACE REQUIREMENTS……………………………………… 12

4. DATA COLLECTION…………………………………… …….. 13

5. LIGHTING TECHNIQUES IN MUSEUM……………………… 17

6. ACTIVITY DATA ANALYSIS…………………………………. 18

III. CASE STUDY & AND ITS COMPARISON………………………. (19-44)

1. DESK STUDY – GUGGENHEIUM MUSEUM………………… 20

2. LIVE STUY – NATIONAL GALLERY OF MODERN ARTS… 27

3. LIVE STUDY – NATIONAL MUSEUM, NEW DELHI………… 38

4. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CASE STUDIES……………… 43

IV. SITE ANALYSIS……………………………………………………… (45-51)

1. SITE LOCATION

2. CONNECTIVITY

3. CLIMATIC CONDITIONS

4. SITE TOPOGRAPHY

5. SEISMIC ZONE & SLOPE ANALYSIS ………………………….

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6. PROPOSED LANDUSE PATTERN ……………………………….

7. BUILT FORM & ORIENTATION………………………………...

8. SURROUNDING FEATURES…………………………………….

9. DELHI BYE -LAWS FEATURES

10. REASONS TO SELECT THE SITE………………………………

11. SWOT ANAL YSIS………………………………………………..

V. AREA PROGRAMMING………………………………………………. (52-55)

VI. CONCEPT & SITE DEVELOPMENT……………… (A3 SHEET FORMAT)

SITE DEVELOPMENT

CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT

VII . DESIGN DRAWINGS………………………………… (A3 SHEET F ORMAT)

SITE PLAN WITH SECTION

FINAL SITE AREA CALCULATION

GROUND FLOOR PLAN

FIRST FLOOR PLAN

SECOND FLOOR PLAN

THIRD FLOOR PLAN

TERRACE PLAN

WITH ELEVATIONS, SECTIONS & VIEWS

FIRE EVACUATION PLAN ( WITH SIGNAGES )

RENDERED 3D VIEWS

q CONCLUSION

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ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY

A museum with an art gallery is a place where everyone, with or without qualification, can enter and be inspired by the stories of our past and present. Museum is the way forward to develop mankind. A museum is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collectio n of artifacts and other objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance. Many public museums make these items available for public viewing through through exhibits that may be permanent or temporary.

“ Museum is an institution that tel ls the story of human kind. Education is one of the most important critertia for development and one of the fundamental obj ectives of museum is to educate .”

There are many types of museums, including art museums, natural history museums, science museums, children’s museums and architectural museum. Architecture of any museum tells its own story through circulation, density, lighting, backgrounds, arrangement, and labels.

ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM….

Architectural museum is a unique reposit ory of architects’ and allied professionals’ records and a dynamic hub of research into architectural and built environment history. The architecture museum is a facility for the acquisition, preservation and management of architecture and related records.

WHY ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM AS THESIS PROJECT ?

In india, architecture along with architects is not celebrated and appreciated by people. They are unaware, hoe important architect’s contribution is in developing the society. There is no place in india where multiple architect’s work is preserved, researched and exhibited on a permanent basis thus providing the need to facilitate an architectural museum where students, architects and common people can understand, study and analyse these works.

Art and architecture is the subject of the museum being proposed, and architecture deals primar ily with building, it is necessary to re-imagine the form of a museum of architecture.

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“ BUILDINGS ARE NOT JUST OBJECTS, BUT TRANSFORMATION OF SPACES “

1. THESIS SYNOPSIS

HYPOTHESIS:

· The central hypothesis of the project is to create a built environment which possess es a quality of expression of space and architecture, where everyone, with or without qualification; can be inspired by art and architecture.

· Some other hypothesis of the project is to create a space to encourage scholarly architecture and to foster Innovative design practices. It is to create public awareness of the role of architecture and design in everyday life and on society and to uplift architecture and architectural practices.

AIM OF THESIS PROJECT…..

§ TO DEVELOP AN ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH AN ART GALLERY, TO BRIDGE THE GAP BETWEEN ART, ARCHITECTURE AND SOCIETY

AIM OF THESIS

§ To study the architecture and design aspects of museum with nature and human

§ To study the visitors experience and circulation pattern in spaces

§ To study the theory of the exhibitions and displa y unit in art gallery museum

§ To study the techniques and impacts of lighting in m useum

§ To understand the spatial use of open and semi-open spaces

ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY

Landscaping and Site planning is also one of the aspect which change a boring museum, into a living being, so landscaping is one of the major scope of work which can be exhibited through site plan and landscape de tails These scopes of work can i dentify the limitations of work.

LIMITATIONS

The project does not caters about the deep analysis of structural system and structural detail as these details are not the main aspects of design. The project also doe sn’t caters about the costing and estimation of the project because it’s an academic project.

METHODOLOGY….

OBJECTIVE HOW TO ACHIEVE IT TOOLS

To study the architectural and design aspects of the museum with nature and human

To study the visitors experience and circulation pattern in spaces

To study the theory of the exhibitions and display unit in art gallery museum

To study the techniques and impacts of lighting in museum

Literature and document study of museum, about their design aspects.

Questionnaires and Observation of movement pattern of Visitors In museum

Literature study of exhibits and display unit about dimeson, placement and management.

Analysis of different techniques and their impact of both natural and artificial lighting in museum.

Space Integration is the most important pan of museum planning and it’s the mam scope of work which can be exhibited through c irculation pattern and zoning on sheets. Natural and artificial lighting is one of the most important aspects of museum planning that should be catered deeply with studying the effects and design aspect of It m the museum. Interior of a museum is as important as the exterior of the museum, so interior details are very important aspect of the museum design Interior details will be the pan of the scope of work.

To understand the spatial use of open and semi -open spaces

Literature and comparative analysis of open , semi-open and closed spaces in design and nature

Internet Secondary data and Literature Study

Case study, Questionnaires and Observations.

Case study and theatre study of art gallery and display units

Study and observation of artificial and natural lighting in case studies

Case study , observation and comparison of spaces

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OBJECTIVES ….. SCOPE …..
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2. ARCHITECTURAL CONTEXT

This thesis aims to connect the society to architecture on a level that bridges the gap between the u nderstanding of the architecture between the architects and their victims (referred to anyone getting affected by any piece of architecture).

The museum will exhibit the architecture marvels of the past, accomplishments of the present and the vision for the future. The experience will involve weaving of all the three phases of time, a time-line to dive into. This experience of a time -line will be translated into architecture. Therefore, the museum will be dedicated to both historic and contemporary works, it will be journey from certainty to uncertainty which will further get translated into the architecture of exhibition spaces, site planning and the building form. Major functions:

1. LIBRARY : Library provides services to the public and contain larg e number of books or volumes related to all aspects of architecture including biographical information about renowned architects.

2. CONVENTION CENTER : Auditorium, Multipurpose hall and exhibition galleries are largely public function, people - intensive components. These spaces allow events like seminars, lectures, lmscreenings, launches of new proposals, etc.

3. MUSEUM : Museum is an institution that cares for a collection of artifacts and other objects related to subject which are available for public viewing through exhibition that may be permanent or temporary. The museum will house various galleries showcasing the historic works of architecture to the traditionalvernacular to the contemporary architecture. It will house drawings, models, photographs and lms showing depicting design as well as the construction process.

i. Gallery of ancient history (permanent)

ii. Gallery of modern architecture (permanent)

iii. Gallery of contemporary architecture (temporary)

iv. Gallery of the futuristic visions (temporar y)

4. RESEARCH CENTER / LABS : It is consisting of innovation centres, discussion rooms, workshops, lecture rooms all programmatic element associated with the activities involve in the pursuit and dissimulation of knowledge.

FORM ULATION OF THE AREA PROGRAM

Concept for the formulation of the area program according to the requirements of the user groups that the museum will visit the museum.

ü For students and architects:

CONVENTION/CONFERENCING FACILITY: Auditorium and multi-purpose halls to hold lectures and such events Meeting rooms

ü For students and research scholars:

RESEARCH CENTRE: Research and Design labs to provide a kind of a co -working space for researchers and students. A library containing books on all subjects of architecture and archival drawings

ü For architects and public:

MUSEUM: Exhibition galleries containing exhibits of historic architecture, modern architecture, contemporary archi tecture and temporary galleries allowing space for future interventions.

ü For Research scholars and public:

PUBLIC FACILITIES: Residential facility containing guest rooms for research scholars and tourists. Spaces like cafes allowing the two to interact.

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INSTITUTIONAL SITE, belonging to the Delhi Development Authority (DDA) has been identied. This is located in Lado Sarai, close to the Qutb Complex and the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi with good access from the Mehrauli Badarpur Road.

DEVELOPMENT CONTROLS:

LANDUSE : Public/semi-public (Socio-Cultural institution)

TOTAL AREA : 26,299 sqm

MAX. GROUND COVERAGE : 35%

MAX. FLOOR AREA RATIO : 120

MAXIMUM HEIGHT : 26m

PARKING : 2 ECS per 100 sqm

MIN. SETBACKS : 9m on all sides (NBC 2016)

1. MEDIUM : In a museum of architecture, it is important to understand the medium through which architecture will be exhibited. It may be models, drawings, photographs, digital media and also virtual reality. Therefore, it will be required to be specied what is needed in this case.

2. PROGRAMMATIC CONTENT : It will also be necessary to study the programmatic content in order to evolve an area program. The study shall also focus on the sub -divisions and inter-relationships of each component.

3. REFLECTION OF TODAY : The museum should reect the present, therefore there will be a need to study how are the buildings such as museums and research centres which are meant for public/ semipublic use being designed to day, in addition to the study of the ones which have been signicant since a number of years.

II : LITERATURE STUDY & DATA COLLECTION

CHAPTER

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SITE CONTEXT…… AREA OF RESEARCH …….
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Ø MUSEUMS collect art and exhibit for the good of its community’s cultural wellbeing. A public institution, funded by the federal/state gov t, and private entities receives funds.

Ø A GALLERY promotes artists and shows their works to sell to private collectors and museum curators alike. It’s a business its aim is to make money.

“A room or series of rooms w here works of art are exhibited “

An art gallery has a specific focus, and is managed by a curator who specializes in that type of art. Common focuses for art galleries are art from a particular region, art in a certain medium, art of a singular style, or art which has a specific focus.

Typically, all of the art in an art gallery is for sale, although the gallery may retain a special permanent collection, or sponsor a unique display of a rt. Commonly, art galleries will be dedicated to a particular medium such as furniture, oil painting, jewelry, photography, sculpture, textiles, or pottery.

ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY

2. MUSEUM

“ A Museum is an institution that conserves a collection and display of artifacts and other objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific significance for the ed ucation of the public . “

Many public museums make these items available for public viewing through exhibits that may be permanent or temporary. An institutions that preserve and interpret the material evidence of humankind, human activity, and the natural world.

2.1. HISTORY OF MUSEUM…….

q From mouseion to museum

• The word museum has classical origins. In its Greek form, mouseion , it meant “seat of the Muses” and designated a philosophical institution or a place of contemplation.

q Toward the modern museum

• From private collection to public exhibition

ü Many private Renaissance collections were symbols of social prestige

ü These new collectors, concerned with enjoyment and study and the advanc ement of knowledge, while equally concerned with the continuity of their collections

2.2. TYPES OF MUSEUM…..

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1.1 TYPES OF ART GALLERY 1. ART GA LLLERY
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3. SPACE REQUIREMENTS…

• ADMINISTRATION

• SMALL AMPHITHEATRE

• LOUNGES FOR GATHERING

• EXHIBITION SPACE / DISPLAY AREA

• CONSERVATION LABORATORY

• CAFETERIA

• ART BOUTIQUES & CRAFTS / GIFT SHOPS

• SCULTURE GALLERY

• WORKSHOP SPACE

• SCULPTURE GARDEN

• DORMITORIES AND STORE ROOM

• AUCTION HALL

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CHAPTER III : CASE STUDIES

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1. DESK STUDY GUGGENHEIUM MUSEUM

BACKGROUND……

Founded in 1937 as Museum of Non-Objective Painting

§ 1959 - moved to current location (corner of 89th St. and 5th Ave. opposite Central Park)

§ Frank Lloyd Wright chosen as architect

§ Dedicated to modern art

§ Design and construction took 16 years, 1 943-59, due to changes in design and costs

§ Debate between architect, client, art world and public opinion, because of the contrast of its forms within the grid New York City

§ Artists protested saying the sloping walls and ramp were not suitable for a pai nting exhibition

§ October 21 - museum opened to public

§ Unpopular in some criticisms made by artists who feel the building overshadows the works exhibited and that it is difficult to properly hang the paintings

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ANNEX….

• Ten story limestone clad, Constructed in 1992.

• It was an extension of the four story annex built in 1968, the present structure occupies the same footprint.

• Four floors of exhibition space, three of which are double height, also has office and storage space for mechanical systems.

ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY

MONITOR….

• Originally serviced work spaces, a library, offices, and apartments

• In 1963, the second floor of the monitor was converted into a separate gallery that opens to the main exhibition space.

• In 1980, the monitor’s ground floor was opened to the main lobby. All other floors are utilized for gallery space.

CONCEPTUAL PLAN:

Wright created the philosophy of "organic architecture," which maintains that the building should develop out of its natural surroundings. Although the word "organic" usually refers to something that bears the characteristics of plants or animals, for Frank Lloyd Wright the term organic architecture had a separate meaning. For him organic architecture was an interpretation of nature's principles manifested in buildings that were in harmony with the world around them. Building inspired by Wright's love for the automobile Planetarium designed for visitors to drive up the ziggurat-like ramps.

BRIDGE….

Connects the monitor and rotunda, used to feature porte -cochere, in which a vehicle drove under the bridge to drop off visitors and provided drive a ccess under the structure. However, in 1975 it was closed off and now houses a bookstore.

ROTUNDA…

• Twelve radial web walls divide the gallery into 70 bays for viewing artwork.

• A large glass dome covers the entire rotunda, providing natural lighting inside the gallery.

• Skylights line each leve l of the rotunda, providing natural light along the periphery.

• The gallery walls are 9’6” tall and slope slightly outwards at 97 degrees from the floor.

• Designed to hold paintings, the tilt of the gallery walls was intended to replicate the slope of an easel.

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CIRCULATION WITHIN THE BUILDING

• A giant spiral ramp circulates up to a giant dome with twelve narrow reinforced concrete partitions that pierce the spiral and serve as stiffeners

• The web walls act as shear walls, transferring forces laterally and vertically, while helping resist bending mo ments.

• 12 radial web walls around the rotunda, 8” thick and 25’ wide at the top

• Structural core that includes staircase and elevator shaft.

• Acts as structural anchor and provides an alternate circulation to the ramp

q FLOOR PLANS:

Four floors of exhibition space, three of which are double height, also have office and storage space for mechanical systems. Twelve radial web walls divide the gallery into 70 bays for viewing artwork. A large glass dome covers the entire rotunda, providing natural lighting inside the gallery skylights line each level of the rotunda, providing natural light along the periphery. The gallery walls are 9'6" tall and slope slightly outwards at 97 degrees from the floor. Designed to hold paintings, the tilt of the gallery walls was intended to replicate the slope of an easel.

CONSTRUCTION FEATURES :

§ Museum currently designs exhibits to be viewed artworks walking up the ramp rather than walking down

§ From street, building looks like a white ribb on rolled into a cylindrical shape, slightly wider at the top than at the bottom.

§ Cast in place concrete for the floor slab and shear walls; reinforced concrete

§ Each ramp section was constructed first then the “web walls” were put in place

§ The exterior walls were constructed last by the gunite process

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MATERIALS USED :

• The Guggenheim is primarily composed of reinforced concrete.

• Normal weight cast in place concrete is the material of the lower levels.

• Light weight concrete is the material of the interior radial walls and the ramps.

• Gunite, or shotcrete, is the material used for the exterior of the spiral curved walls.

• Wright used gunite to achieve a seamless monolithic façade.

• Use of elastomeric paint, known as the “cacoon” would fill in the cracks formed during construction.

• Steel framed windows

• Aluminum skylights

• Cement plaster soffits on metal lath.

2. LIVE CASE STUDY NATION AL GALLERY OF MODERN ARTS

LIGHTING FEATURES :

SKYLIGHTS: originally intended to illuminate the painting in natural light, but were changed to artificial to have more controlled lighting

• The lower image illustrates the 70 bays that the web walls create

• Glass dome with aluminum frame

• 12 ribs, coinciding with the 12 radial “web walls”

• The web walls connect at the roof level forming hairpin beams that support the massive central skylight.

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3. LIVE STUDY NATIONAL MUSEUM , NEW DELHI

ACCESSIBILITY:

• 1.2 km away from Central Secretariat Metro Station

• 3.8 km away from New Delhi Railway Station

• 14.5 km away from Indira Gandhi international Airport

• Nearest stops: National Museum Bus Stop

SITE:

The museum is situated on the corner of Janpath and Maulana Azad Road over an area of 7.5 acres, with a build-up area of about 18,000 sq. m.

Latitude: 280 36' 42.4764" N

Longitude: 770 13' 10.1748" E

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SITE PLANNING:

The site is not well designed as there is no segregation of spaces. There is no proper parking facility and the landscape area is not designed well. Parking facilities are provided at the adjacent building.

AREA DISTRIBUTION

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4. COMPARATIVE AN ALYSIS OF CASE STUDIES

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GALLERY 43
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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CASE STUDIES…

SELECTION CRITERIA

To understand the architectural respond to the issue faced in Delhi

To understand the conceptual and structural aspects of museum

LOCATION India United states of America

YEAR OF COMPLETION 1949 1952

ARCHITECT Gywer committee F.L. Wright

OWNERSHIP Indian central government Solomon R. Guggenheim foundation

SITE AREA 30000 SQ. M 20000 SQ. M

GROUND

COVERAGE 25% 40%

BUILT-UP AREA 18,000 SQ. M 11,200 SQ. M

F.A.R 0.6 0.7

CONCEPT Chronological circulation Organic architecture

FORM Rotunda Golden section

FUNCTION Museum & educational college Museum & art gallery

CIRCULATION To make visitor experience each and every gallery

LIGHTING Artificial lighting is used mostly except the inner courtyard to provide the light in corridors

Circular ramp coveri ng the entire museum

Atrium in the centre provides natural light to optimize the building efficiency

FACADE Sandstones to resemble the heritage of India White marble at exterior to make it simple and a divine holy palace of knowledge

LANDSCAPE Not properly developed No space for landscaping

VISITOR’S OPINION

A typical museum Building form is more attractive than exhibits

MERITS Circulation and zoning is designed in such a way that visitor can experience each and every gallery

DEMERITS Although ramps has been provided everywhere but not a universal design

Conceptual evolution of design Use of structural integration

It was not perfectl y successful in terms of function, in hanging paintings

CHAPTER IV :

SITE ANALYSIS

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ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY NATIONAL MUSEUM, NEW DELHI GUGGENHEM MUSEUM, NEW YORK
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SITE LOCATION : -

CLIMATIC CONDITIONS

ü MACRO-CLIMATE HUMID SUBTROPICAL

ü MINIMUM TEMPERATURE: -2.2 OC

ü MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE: 47.0 OC

ü AVERAGE TEMPERATURE: 25.0 OC

ü ANNUAL PRECIPITATION: 886 MM

ü PREVAILI NG WIND DIRECTION: 18KM/H NORTH-WEST

SITE CONNECTIVITY

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SITE CONDITION

The soil type is derivative of Yamuna flood plain alluvium due to which t here is progressive clayey material at the top of the soil horizon while the sand and silt portions increase progressively downwards.

SEISMIC ZONE

The proposed site is situated on the Gangatic tectonic plate, which makes the site a Seismic Zone 4 prone area with a high risk of earthquake. Earthquake resistance techniques are used to tackle such issues.

The project site lies in Seismic Zone IV, called as ‘High Damage Risk Zone’

· Slope Analysis: The topography of the City is almost plain. The project area possesses fairly plain terrain with negligible drainage slope of the project site.

· Subsidence/Erosion: Proper greening and p aving of site area will not cause any soil subsidence problem

Project

. Source: Indian Meteorological

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ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY Proposed site is 2.1km away from pragati maiden metro station airport
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PROPOSED LANDUSE PATTERN: -

National Museum Of Natural History is going to develop a Proposed Museum Building Complex on the total land area measuring 26,299 m2.The built up area is 46,025.78 m2. The development will be done is in accordance with Municipal Corporation of Delhi and will be developed as per on a land base which is for “cultural” purpose as per the Delhi Master Plan 2021.

SURROUNDING FEATURES

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ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY SITE AR. 26,299 SQ.M
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ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY SITE ENTRANCE WITH SECURITY CABIN PARKING LOT INSIDE SITE BHAIRON MANDIR ON ROAD SIDE PURANA QUILA SHEETLA DEVI MANDIR PRAGATI MAIDAN BUS STOP

ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY

SOME FEATURES PROPOSED AS (ACCORDING TO DELHI BYE-LAWS)

Land Area: The proposed Project is being developed on the total plot area of 26,299 m2.

ü Permissible ground coverage @35% of plot area

ü Built up Area: The built up area of the proposed project is 46,025.78 m2 which includes the FAR and Basement.

ü Parking Requirements: 635 ECS is provided in the basement, stilt and on surface.

ü Internal road width of 6 meters is proposed for internal traffic management.

ü In case of power failure, 3 DG sets of total capacity of 3030 kVA (3 x 1010) will be provided as power back-up for the essential load. The DG sets will be of watercooled.

ü Power Requirement: The total electrical load demand has been estimated to be 2,430 KW. The source of power will be supplied by BSES Rajdhani Power Limited

REASONS TO SELECT THE SITE……

§ The reason for selection of this site was the fact that it was part of Indraprastha , the first city of Delhi. Thus, an apt location for the architectural museum of Delhi.

§ The site has direct notional axis connecting to the Raj path and India Gate and Rashtrapati Bhavan ahead.

§ There are no built structure on the site except a small PWD o ffice and DTC bus depot office.

§ The site is divided into two parts by semi -circular road, upper part covering almost 11 acres and lower part about 7 acres.

§ More than 70% of the upper part of the site is obtained by DTC bus stand. Majorly used during trade fair. Rest of the year used as parking area.

§ The site chosen is located in the heart of the capital, at Bhairon Marg with heritage site Purana Qila located adjacent to it.

ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY

SWOT ANALYSIS

STRENGTH

• Well connected to the city through Ring road, Mathura road, metro nearby

• Adjacent to public area

• Presence of heritage

• Well connected to N.C.R.

• Located along a major road, easily accessible

• Presence of cultural buildings in the vicinity

OPPORTUNITY

• The heritage monument and other important buildings provide a good context to the site

• Site has the potential to attract people from all over the city

• The present barren land can be converted into a much better place

• Government plan to shift venue of trade fair

WEAKNESS

• Despite being surrounded by important buildings and national heritage, site is used as a parking ground

• The only road along the site is very congested and noisy during peak hours

• Presence of drain at one edge of site

THREAT

• The heritage law restricts construction and possess height restriction

• Bhairon temple, attracts a large crowd specially on Sundays

• Parkin g load due to exhibitions in Pragati Maidan

• Large crowd on exhibition days

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CHAPTER V: AREA PROGARMMING

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ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY
53 Sr. no. Space No. of units Area (in sq.M) Design capacity 1. ENTRANCE 100 Entrance court / lobby - 150 Reception + Info help desk 1 20 Waiting area 30 Ticket counter 4 30 Security check in /check out 1/1 25 Security monitoring room 2. ADMINISTRATION 600 50 Director general’ chamber 1 20 Curator office 1 25 Executive staff office 1 25 Staff rest room 1 120 Meeting / Conference room 1 60 File record room 1 15 IT workroom 1 25 CCTV monitoring room 1 25 Toilet (M/F) 2/2 20 Store 1 50 3. EXHIBITION GALLERY 7000 1500 Elements of architecture gallery 1 160 Principle of architecture gallery 1 160 History of architecture gallery 1 280 · Indian architecture · Western architecture Architectural design gallery 1 200 Landscape architecture gallery 1 240 Interior design gallery 1 160
ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY

* FINAL SITE AREA CALCULATION is in ‘VII DESIGN DRAWINGS CONTEXT

no. 02)

ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY 54 Building engineering galley (MEPCS) 1 300 Architectural model gallery 1 200 Conservation gallery 1 300 Indian architect’s gallery 1 190 World architect’s gallery 1 300 Illustration and graphic design gallery NASA’s , COA, IIA gallery 1 280 Special exhibition 1 300 4. WORKSHOP 800 50 Wood workshop 1 200 Metal workshop 1 200 Terracotta workshop 1 200 Store 3 120 Store props 1 80 5. LABORATORY 200 20 6. AUDITORIUM 350 100 7. LIBRARY 250 50 8. AMENITIES 1200 50 Restaurant • Sitting lounge • Reception • Serving counter • Hot kitchen • Pantry store • Managers office 1 600 10 40 90 65 50 Toilet · Gents · Ladies (4/4) 30 25 VIP lo unge 50 Museum shop 200 Book shop 50 Staff canteen 1 80 ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY 55
(sheet
Waiting area 90 Toilet · Gents toilet · Ladies toilet (4/4) 20 30 Security lockers 30 Lost and found centre 20 First aid centre 25 9. MULTIPURPOSE / SEMINAR HALL 3 110 Admin office 50 10. SERVICES · Maintenance room 20 · High tension control room 20 · HVAC room 20 · Store 4 10 11. ART & CRAFT CENTRE 530 12. OPEN SPACES · Amphitheatre 600 · Open sitting lounge 150 · Open air theatre 220 13. PARKING ( On -site + stilt + basement ) 14. Central courtyard 120 15. Staircases 2 nos. in each block 16. Lifts 2 nos. 17. Ramp 1 no. TRANSITION AREA (min. 30% of total BUA) 30% of BUA = 5,577 sq.m.

CHAPTER VI :

CONCEPT & SITE DEVELOPMENT

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ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY

CHAPTER VI I : DESIGN DRAWINGS

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MUSEUM

CONCLUSION

In this conclusion chapter, I want to summarized my all over assumption, thinking, working, design development, learning skills, & drawbacks, I experienced during completion period of thesis writing.

While assuming & finalizing the thesis topic, we go through all assumptions about how we will implement our dissertation features, what all elements we are going to use in design, will be able to design our project as we have think so…..and all.

Like we have to achieve all measures step by step by having library study, case studies, analyzing data, preparing notes, sketches, presentations etc.

On every stage, we get to learn a lot, developing graphics, designs, & software skills. Even we get develop our conversation skills by discussing our on-going work with guide teachers, friends and classmates.

In my context, I tried my hard to analysis and renovate all data in my words . I put my efforts to learn and apply new skills while working on thesis project.

In design context, I tried to achieve ap propriate site measures, and design standards. Still we get shortened to put all assumptions & thinking in design project.

Somehow, these all stages help in our personal & professional growth for present and future life’ as thesis writing is an individual report & designing project.

I am greatly thankful to my parents who always supports me in any situation; my guide & teachers for guidance; & my friends for always motivating & helping me.

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ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY MAMTA
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ARCHITECTURAL MUSEUM WITH ART GALLERY
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