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k|fk] f| O6/ M /fw]z zdf{ df]afO{n M (*!(*)()^)

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pv'sf] d"No k|ltSjLG6n $ ;o &^ ?k}of“ sfod dw] z ;dfrf/bftf ;nf{xL, @# a}zfv . o; jif{ pv'sf] d"No k|ltSjLG6n $ ;o &^ ?k}ofF sfod ePsf] 5 . pBf] u dGqfnodf ;/sf/sf k|ltlglw;lxt ls;fg g]tf / pBf]ukltaLr ePsf] jftf{df of] ;xdlt ePsf] xf] . kf]xf]/ pv'sf] d"No $ ;o *! ?k}ofF lyof] . pBf]ukltx?n] kf]xf]/sf] eGbf #) ?k}ofF 36fpg' kg{] c8fg /fv] klg kfFr ?k}ofF dfq 36fpg] ;xdlt ag]sf] ;nf{xLaf6 jftf{df ;xefuL g]kfn pv' pTkfbs ls;fg dxf;+3sf s]lGb|o cWoIf /fhs' d f/ pk| ] t Ln] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . k|wfdGqL sfof{nosf ;lrj b' u f{ l gwL zdf{ s f] pkl:yltdf d+unjf/ ePsf] jtf{

lgisif{ d f k' u ] s f] pxfF n ] atfpg'eof] . o;cl3 ls;fg / pBf] u LaLr k6sk6s jftf{

s]xL lbgb]lvsf] a9\bf] xfjfx'/Ln] cfFksf] af]6df kmn]sf] cfFk emf/]sf] / afFsL /x]sf] dh'/fdf ;d]t dw'jf ls/fsf] k|sf]k a9]sf sf/0f cfFk pTkfbg 36\g] ePsfn] o; jif{ klg cfFksf] d"No a9L g} /xg] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . o; jif{ cfFk /fd|f] kmNg] ;do eP klg dw'jf ls/f / xfjfx'/Ln] cfFksf] dh'/fnfO{ Iflt k'¥ofPkl5 ck]Iffs[t ¿kdf cfFk gkmNg] lrGtf ls;fgdf a9]sf] 5g\ .

uflj; ;lrjNffO{ e|i6frf/ d'2f sf7df8f}+ @# a}zfv . clVtof/ b'?kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]uNf] cfkm\ g } tNfa a9fP/ lNfPsf] cleof]udf ;Kt/L uf]a/uf8f uflj;sf ;lrj gGblszf] / ofbjlj?4 ljz]if cbfNftdf d'2f bfo/ u/]sf] 5 . ofbjNf] uflj;af6 k|To]s dlxgf & xhf/ % ;o ?k}ofF cltl/Qm /sd lNfF b } cfPsf] b] l vPkl5 clVtof/sf] If] q Lo

lhNnf ljsf; rf]s dn+ujf ;nf{xL k[i7 ;+Vof M $

d'No ?= %.–

;nf{xLdf ljleGg dfu /fVb} lzIfs ;+3 ;+u7\gx? cfGbf]ngdf dw]z ;dfrf/bftf ;nf{xL, @# a}zfv . ;nf{xLdf ljleGg dfu /fVb} lzIfs ;+ 3 ;+ u 7\ g x? cfGbf] n gdf plqPsf 5g\ . ;fd' b flos ljBfnodf kf7ok':ts vl/b ug{sf nfuL tTsfn /sd lgsf;f ug'k{ g]{ nufot dfu /fVb} lzIfs ;+ 3 ;+ u 7gx? cfGbf] n gdf plqPsf x'g\ . kf7\ok':ts vl/b ug{ tTsfn /sd lgsf;f ug'k{ g],{ @^ j6f afn ljsf; sf]6f ljt/0f ug'k{ g],{ lk|mh x'g nfu]sf] ljsf; ah]6 ;DjlGwt If]qdf vr{ ug'k{ g]{ nufot dfu /fv]/ cfkm"x?n] cfGbf]ng ;'? u/]sf] g]kfn /fli6«o

lzIfs ;+3sf lhNnf cWoIf g/]Gb| ofbjn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . dfu k'/f geP @^ ut] b]lv lhNnf lzIff sfof{no dn+ujfdf tfnfaGbL ug]{ pgLx?n] r]tjgL lbPsf 5g\ . emf]n] ljBfnonfO{ /sd lgsf;f u/]sf] eGb} ;nf{xLsf lhNnf lzIff clwsf/L /fhs'df/ ljZjsdf{ ;lxt cGo sd{ r f/Lx?nfO{ clVtof/n] aofgsf nfuL af]nfPkl5 b'O{ dlxgf b]lv sfof{nosf sfdsfh k|efljt e}/x]sf] 5 .lhNnf lzIff clwsf/L nufot cGo lhDd]jf/ JolQmTjx? sfof{nodf gx'bF f ;nf{xLdf ;fd'bflos ljBfnox?df kf7\ok':ts vl/b ug{sf nfuL /sd lgsf;f x'g ;s]sf] 5}g\ .

;/sf/ / c:yfoL lzIfsx?aLr jft{f x'g “ ]

cf“k pTkfbgdf x|f; cfpg] ;nf{xL, @# j}zfv . cfFksf] /fhwfgL dflgg] ;Kt/Ldf o; jif{ cfFksf] pTkfbgdf ck]Iffs[t ¿kdf x|f; cfpg] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . cfF k pTkfbgsf] b[li6sf]0fn] o; jif{ a9L cfFk pTkfbg x'g] jif{ eP klg cfFk kmNg'eGbf klxn] g} d'h/' fdf dw'jf ls/f / xfjfx'/Ln] Iflt k'¥ofPkl5 o; jif{ cfzf u/] e Gbf cfF k pTkfbg 36\g] lhNnf s[lif ljsf; sfof{non] cg'dfg u/]sf] 5 .

l/of l8lh6n kmf]6f] :6'l8of]

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ePklg ;xdlt x'g g;s]kl5 pBf] u ;lrj s[ i 0f 1jfnLsf] ;+ o f] h sTjdf ;/sf/sf k|ltlglw;lxt pv' ls;fg ;+3 ;+u7g tyf g]kfn lrgL pTkfbs ;+ 3 sf k| l tlgwLx? ;lDdlnt sfo{bn agfOPsf] lyof] .

pv'sf] d"No lgwf{/0f gx'~h]n;Ddsf nflu k|ltSjLG6n pv'sf] ;f9] rf/ ;o ?k}ofFsf b/n] k]ZsL lbP/ pBf]ux? ;~rfngdf NofOPsf] lyof] . d"No lgwf{/0f gxFb' f lg/f; ePsf pv' pTkfbs ls;fg d"No tf]lsPkl5 v';L ePsf 5g\ .

lhNnf lzIff sfof{no

g]skf dfcf]jfbLsf] kf6L{ sfo{Nfodf Ps Ps 306f wg{f klg lbg] sfo{qmd to u/]sf] 5 . cfGt/Ls k| l t:k| w { f af6 ;Dk' 0 f{ c:yfoL lzIfsx?NffO{ :yfoL ul/g' kg{,] ;j}wflgs lzIfs ;]jf cfof]u u7g x'g' kg{,] @)&) c;f]h !# ut] ;/sf/;+u ePsf] ;Demf}tf sfo{fGjog x'gk' g{] ,lzIfsx?NffO{ s'g} klg axfgfdf lj:yflkt ug{ gkfOg] Nfufotsf dfu /fvL c:yfoL lzIfs ;+3if{ ;ldltNf] cfGbf]Nfg ub{} cfPsf] 5 .

dn+ u jf ;nf{ x L

lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt

cToGt h?/L ;"rgf

lhNnf vfg]kfgL tyf ;/;kmfO{ k|j4{g ;ldlt, ;nf{xLsf]

ægfgL afa' /dfO{ /dfO{ :s"ndf cfpm k9L l;sL ;w}e/L v'zLn] /dfpmÆ eGg] cfb{z jfSosf ;fy z}lIfs ;q @)&! sf] nflu cfwf/e"t txdf @)&! a}zfv @ ut]bl] v !$ ut];Dd klxnf] r/0fdf ljBfyL{ egf{ cleofg ;~rfng eO/x]sf]n] egf{ x'g cfpg] ljBfyL{nfO{ d':sfg ;lxtsf] km"ncaL/ tyf :yfgLo ;+:s[lt cg';f/ :jfut ug{ / @)&! a}zfv !$ ut];Dd egf{ x'g gcfpg] cyf{t ljBfnon] cfkm\gf] ;]jf If]q leqsf ljBfno aflx/ /x]sf afnaflnsfnfO{ k|wfgfWofks, lzIfs, ljBfno Joj:yfkg ;ldlt tyf lzIfs cleefjs ;+3n] :yfgLo ;d"x, ;+3;+:yf / cleefjs kl/rfng u/L a}zfv !% ut]bl] v #) ut];Dd bf];f| ] r/0fdf 3/b}nf] e|d0f u/L cleefjsnfO{ lzIffsf] dxTj ;DaGwL k/fdz{ u/L÷u/fO{ lzIff k|lt pTk|l] /t agfO{ ljBfnodf egf{ ug{÷u/fpg ;DalGwt ;a} ;/f]sf/jfnfx?df cg'/f]w 5 .

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ælzlIft ;dfh xfd|f] k|ltj4tfÆ

;nf{xL SofDk; dn+ujf,;nf{xL B.Ed. plt{0f u/]sf ljBfyL{x?sf] nflu :j0f{cj;/ ;nf{xL lhNnfs} ;aeGbf k'/fgf] SofDk; ;nf{xL SofDk; dn+ujfdf olx z}lIfs ;q )&)÷)&! sf nflu M.Ed. txdf (Population, English, Nepali / E.P.M., ljifodf_ wdfwd gofF egf{ lnOb}5 . ;dod} egf{eO{ df}sfsf] kmfObf p7fpg'xf];\ . sIff ;+rfng a]n'sL $M)) ah] b]lv x'g] 5 .

gf]6 Ms'g} klg ljifoaf6 B.Ed. plt0f{ u/]sfx?n] E.P.M. ljifodf gfdfÍ0f u/fpg ;Sg]5 .

ljz]if hfgsf/Lsf] nflu ;Dks{ M

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;nf{xL SofDk; dn+ujf, ;nf{xL

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u'0f:t/Lo / hLjg pkof]uL lzIff xfd|f] k|ltj4tf

;fj{hlgs clkn tyf ;"rgf

!= ;j} ufpF ljsf; ;ldlt tyf gu/kflnsfn] @)&) r}q d;fGt leq clgjfo{ ?kdf uflj;:t/Lo vfg]kfgL tyf ;/;kmfO{ k|j4{g ;ldlt u7g ug{] / o; sfo{df ;j}n] ;xof]u k'/\ ofpg] . @= ;j} /fhg}lts bnsf kbflwsf/L, sd{rf/L, lzIfs, dlxnf :jf:Yo :j+;l] jsf, ;+3;+:yfsf kbflwsf/L Pj+ sd{rf/L, wfld{s k'/f]lxt / df}nfgfx?n] clgjfo{?kdf zf}rfno lgdf{0f ;fdflhs kyk|bz { sf] e"ldsf lgjf{xf u/L k|ltli7t agf}+ . #= ;j} sfof{no tyf ;+3 ;+:yf Pj+ /fhg}lts bnjf6 lgdf{0f ul/g] ljleGg sfo{dn ' s ;ldlt÷;d"x u7g ubf{ zf}rfno ePsf JolQmx?nfO{ dfq ;ldlt÷ ;d"xdf ;dfj]z ug{] gLlt clgjfo{ ?kdf cjnDjg u/f}+ . $= l56f] eGbf l56f] cfkm' /x]sf] :yfgLo lgsfonfO{ v'nf lbzfd'Qm If]q jgfO{ /fli6«o ;Ddfg k|fKt u/f} / lhNnfjf6 gub k'/isf/ k|fKt u/f}+ . %= ;fj{hlgs If]q / jf6f]df lb;f lk;fa ug{' ;fj{hlgs ck/fw xf] . To;}n] o; sfo{nfO{ lg?T;fxL ug{ ;fdflhs b08 lbg] Joj:yf cjnDjg u/f}+ . ^= zf}rfno lgdf{0fsf nflu s'g} klg lgsfojf6 gub cg'bfg lbg] Joj:yf gePsf]n] cfkm\gf] cfo / kl/>djf6 nufgL u/L zf}rfno lgdf{0f u/L cfTduf}/j x'g] sfd u/f}+ . zf}rfno lgdf{0f kZrft ;Ddfg ul/g] sfo{qmddf ;xefuL jgf}+ .


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u|fdL0f ahf/df cj}w nf]stGq ljZjf;sf] ;ª\s6df af“rs ] f] 5 –k|dv ' lgjf{rg cfo'Qm ;fdfgsf] Jofkf/ wg'iff, @# j}zfv . eG;f/af6 /fh:j lt/]/ ef/tLo ;fdfg lelqPsf]af/] dxf]Q/Lsf] sl6s6}of 5f]6L eG;f/ sfof{nodf s'g} clen]v 5}g t/ oxfFsf] u|fdL0f ahf/df eg] Jofks dfqfdf ef/tLo ;fdfg laqmL eO/x]sf b]lvG5g\ . g] k fnL ahf/eGbf ef/tLo ahf/df vfg] t]n, lrgL, bfnnufot b}lgs pkef]Uosf ;fdfg ;:tf]df kfOg] ePsfn] pQm ;fdfg Jofks dfqfdf t:s/L eO{ dxf]Q/Lsf ;'b/" ufpFdf lelqg] u/]sf] Jofkf/Lsf] egfO /x]sf] 5 . ef/tsf] l;/l;of, ;' / ;G8 ahf/af6 /ftsf] ;dodf t:s/n] sl6s6}of gfsf eP/ b}lgs nfvf}F d"No a/fa/sf] vfBfGg ;fdu|L, sk8f, l8h]n, k]6f" n ] leqØfpF5g\ eg] lrlgofF :ofp ;f]xL gfsf eP/ ef/tLo ahf/df k'¥ofpg] u5{g\ . æ;Ldf ;'/Iffy{ vl6Psf ;z:q k|x/L an af]8/{ cfp6 kf]:6 tyf ;Ldf k|x/L rf}sLsf lhDd]jf/ JolQmx¿nfO{ cfˆgf] kIfdf kf/]/

dlxgfaf/L /sd lbg] ul/Psf] 5 / /ftsf] ;dodf Jofks dfqfdf ;fdfgx¿ g]kfn leqØfpg] u5{gÆ\ , :yfgLo Ps Jofkf/Ln] eg] . ;'/IffsdL{s} ldn]dtf]df ef/ttkm{ a f6 Jofks dfqfdf ;fdfg lelqg] u/]sf] t/ 5f]6L eG;f/df Ps ?k}ofF klg eG;f/ sfl6Psf] gb]lvPkl5 t:s/Lsf] v'nf;f ePsf] xf] . To;f] t ;z:q k| x /L an af] 8 { / cfp6 kf] i 6 sl6s6}ofaf6 v6]sf] 3'dj' f k|x/L ;/kNnf] ahf/df v6]/ t:s/;Fu /sd p7fO/x]sf] ;lhn} b]Vg kfOG5 . ;z:q k|x/L an ;Ldf ;'/Iff sfof{no hn;fu/ dxf]Q/Lsf ;z:q k| x /L pk/LIfs e'jg]Zj/k|;fbn] jf:tljstf kQf nufpg] atfpg'eof] .

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ljZjf;sf] ;ª\ s 6df afF r ] s f] k|;ª\u pNn]v ub{} pxfFn] cfufdL c;f/ * ut]sf] pklgjf{rgkl5 :yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rg u/fpg /fhgLlts bnnfO{ bafa l;h{gf ug{k' g{] cf}NF ofpg'eof] . pxfFn] ;+ljwfg n]vgsf] qmddf bnaLr ;xdltsf ;Gbe{df sxLF st} cK7]/f] cfP hgdt;ª\ux| u/fpg' k/] klg cfof]u tof/ /x]sf] hgfp lbg'eof] . g]kfnsf nflu gj{]nL /fhb" t s] 6df{ ] 8 lk6;{ g n] nf] s tGqsf cfwf/e" t d"NodfGotfleq /x]/ lgjf{rg cfof]un] ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rg :jR5 / lgikIf ¿kdf ;DkGg u/fPaf6 cfkm"nfO{ cToGt ;Gt'li6 nfu]sf] k|ltlqmof lbg'eof] . cfof] h s ;+ : yf lhof]ssf cWoIf lxdfnozDz]/ /f0ffn] dtbftfsf] cToGt} pT;fxk"0f{ ;xeflutfdf ;du|df

lgjf{rg :jtGq / :jR5 ¿kdf ;DkGg ePsf] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . g]kfn sfg'g ;dfhsf cWoIf sf]dnk|sfz l3ld/]n] g]kfndf o;cl3 ePsf ;a} lgjf{rgsf] t'ngfdf ut lgjf{rg dtbftf ;xeflutfsf] kf6f]df Oltxf; sfod u/] tfklg ;dod} dtbftf kl/rokq ljt/0f / lgjf{rg lzIffdf yk Wofg k' ¥ ofpg cfjZos b]lvPsf] wf/0ff JoQm ug{e ' of] . cfof] h s ;+ : yfsf dxf;lrj dxf;lrj s[i0fdfg k|wfg / ;b:o uf]ljGbbf; >]i7n] d'ns ' df tLg bzsb]lv ;+ljwfg, sfg' g , dlxnf, ;dfj] z L / kqsfl/tfsf If]qdf lqmofzLn k|ltli7t !) ;+:yfdfkm{t lhof]sn] b'O{ xhf/ #)) eGbf a9L /fli6«o, If]qLo / lhNnf:t/df vl6Psf ko{ j ] I fsn] dtbftf, dtbfg clws[ t , /fhgLlts bnsf

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cfof]hgf x'g] ePsf] 5 . ;Dd] n gdf ljkb\ hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf If]qdf o; If]qdf xfn;Dd ePsf pknlAw / r'gf}tLsf af/]df 5nkmn x'g5 ] . ;fy} ;g\ @)!% kl5 o; If]qdf ul/g'kg{] sfdsf af/]df gofF gLlt tof/ ul/g] 5 . ;Dd] n gdf g] k fnsf tkm{ a f6 pkk| w fgdGqL tyf u[xdGqL jfdb]j uf}tdsf] g]tT[ jdf ;xeflutf /xg]5 . 6f]nLdf ljleGg dGqfnosf ;x;lrj Pjd\ ljkb\

ljifosf af/]df 5nkmn ug{ cfh oxfF cfof]lht sfo{qmddf g]kfnsf tkm{ a f6 ljkb\ hf] l vd Go"gLs/0fsf If]qdf eO/x]sf ultljlw Pjd\ r'gf}tLsf af/]df sfo{kq k|:t't ul/g] hfgsf/L lbOof] . g] k fn af9L, klx/f] , cfunfuL, e"sDk, lxdfndf lxpF kUng] h :tf ljkb\ s f] pRr hf]lvddf /x]sf b]zeq k5{ . hnjfo' kl/jt{gn] a9L c;/ kg{] Pl;ofnL b]zdWo]df g]kfn klg

u[ x dGqfnosf ;x;lrj nIdLk|;fb 9sfnn] dGqfnon] ljkb\ sd ug{ k"jt{ of/Lsf sfo{qmddf hf]8 lbPsf] hfgsf/L lbFb} dlGq:t/Lo a}7snfO{ pknlAwk" 0 f{ agfpg u[ x sfo{ eO/x]sf] atfpg'eof] . csf{ ;x;lrj uf]kL vgfnn] ljkb\ hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf nflu dGqfnon] lzIff, :jf:Yo tyf :yfgLo ljsf;df em}F PsLs[t sfo{qmd nfu" ug{ nfu]sf] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . ;f] PsLs[t sfo{qmddf

;Dd]ngdf k|:t't ul/g] ljifosf af/]df ;/sf/L tyf u}/;/sf/L ;xefuLaLrdf klxnf] k6s ;dGjo ug{ nfluPsf] hfgsf/L lbF b } ;Dd] n gdf hf] l vd Go"gLs/0f;DaGwL g]kfnn] Ps :j/df cfjfh /fVg] atfpg'eof] . u[ x dGqfnon] /fi6«;ª\3Lo ljsf; sfo{qmdsf] cfly{s Pjd\ k|fljlws ;xof]udf hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f;DaGwL ljleGg sfo{ s | d xfn ;a} lhNnfdf ;~rfng ul//x]sf] 5 .

hyfeflj kmf]x/ Pl;ofnL dlGq:t/Lo ljkb\ hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f;DaGwL a}7s a}s + sdf gkmfnf},+ ;Eoftfsf] sf7df8f}F, @# j}zfv . 5}6f}F hf] l vd sd ug{ ] sfo{ / t k5{ . ;Dd]ngdf g]kfnn] oL ljkb\n] ljkb\ hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf nflu / ;/sf/L ;ª\ 3 ;+ : yfsf dfgjLo, cfly{s tyf ;fdflhs ;~rfng ul/g] sfo{qmdsf nflu kl/ro lbpF . Pl;ofnL dlGq:t/Lo ljkb\ hf]lvd u}k|ltlglwsf] ;xeflutf /xg]5 . If]qdf kf/]sf c;/nfO{ ;d]6L tof/ af:s]6 kmG8 :yfkgf ul/g]5 . Go"gLs/0f;DaGwL If]qLo ;Dd]ng u[ x dGqfnosf c;f/ * b]lv !# ut];Dd u[x dGqfnoåf/f ;f] ;Dd]ngsf kfl/Psf] lel8cf] ; d] t k| : t' t ;'tL{hGo kbfy{ af/] hfgsf/L cfufdL pk;lrj k| b Lk sf] O /fnfn] yfONofG8sf] /fhwfgL a}+ssdf tof/L Pjd\ ;Dd]ngdf k|:t't ug{] ug{]5 .

4;fj{hlgs :yfgdf ;'tL{hGo kbfy{ ljqmL ljt/0f / k|of]u ug{ kfOb}g . 4lzIf0f ;+:yf, :jf:Yo ;+:yf, pBf]u snsf/vfgf, ;/sf/L sfof{no nufot ;+3 ;+:yfdf ;d]t k|of]u ug{ kfO{b}g . 4xf]6n, l/;f]6,{ /]i6'/G] 6, ef]hgfno, nh, wfld{s :yndf ;d]t k|of]u ug{ kfO{b}g . 4 !* jif{ gk'us ] f JolQm tyf ue{jtL dlxnfnfO{ ;'tL{hGo kbfy{ ljqmL ljt/0f jf lgMz'Ns pknAw u/fpg] sfo{df k|of]u ug{ kfO{b}g . 4;'tL{hGo kbfy{ lgogq0f / lgodg ug{] P]g @)^* sf] bkmf ( sf] pkbkmf -!_ cg';f/ ;'tL{hGo ;fdu|Lsf] a§f, Kofs]6, k]6L tyf kf;{n Kofls·df r]tfjgLd"ns ;+bz ] / lrq 5fKg] tyf c+lst ug{] sfo{ pTkfbg stf{n] cIf/zM kfngf ug'{kg{]5 . olb gu/]df lgod adf]lhd pTkfbg tyf ljqmL ljt/0f aGb ug{ ;lsg]5 .

lhNnf :jf:yo sfof{no ;nf{xL k|aGw lgb]{zs M– lgd]if s0f{ sfo{ s f/L ;Dkfbs M– ljZjgfy 7fs'/ k| s fzs M– dw]zsf nflu ;~rf/ sfof{no dn+ujf M– lhlj; rf}s dn+ujf, ;nf{xL, kmf]g M– )$^–%@!#(@ d'b0| f M– v'za' ckm;]6 k|];, dn+ujf tyf Sjfln6L ckm;]6 k|];,hgsk'/ E-mail: madheshpost@gmail.com Website : www.issuu.com/madheshpost /]l8of] dw]z *(=# dnujf % M )) elQm uLt ^ M )) ;femf va/ ^ M #) elQm uLt & M )) lxGbL lut & M !% lala;L g]kfnL ;]jf * M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ * M !% lxGbL lut ( M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ ( M !% ef]hk'l/of aafn !) M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ !) M !% lxGbL uLt !! M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ !! M !% g]kfnL uLt !@ M !% gfr ! M !% lxGbL lut @ M !% ef]hk'/L uLt # M !) lxGbL l/ldS; uLt $ M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ $ M !% x]nf] RjfO; % M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ % M !% 6]G;g k|mL ^ M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ ^ M !% d}ynL uLt & M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ & M !) lg/u'g ehg & M #) ;femf va/ * M )) lxGbL lut * M $% lala;L g]kfnL ;]jf ( M @) ;+lut nx/ !! M )) sfo{qmd ;dfKt

z+s/frfo{ d]if M Joj;fodfk+=nfe j[if M ?emfg a9\g] ]ldy'g M sfo{df ;kmntf ldNg]

s ] s{6 M ;fwgdf a[l4 x'g]

l;+x M dgf]an a9\g] sGof M lg0f{odf ;kmntf ldNg] t'nf M wfld{s ofqfsf] of]u j[lZrs M crfgs nfe x'g] wg' M Jofkf/df pGgtL x'g] ds/ M :jf:Yo /fd|f] /xg] s'De M cfly{s k|of; ;kmn x'g] ldg M z'e ;dfrf/ ldNg] /flzkmnn] h] ;+st] u/] klg /fd|f] sfd u/] /fd|} kmn kfOG5 .

ljsf; lgdf{0fsf sfddf s;}n] klg cj/f]w ug'x{ F' b}g –k|wfgdGqL sf]O/fnf sf7df8f},F @# j}zfv . k|wfgdGqL ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] ljsf; lgdf{0fsf sfddf s;}n] klg jfwf cj/f]w ug{ gx'g] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . s0ff{nL hnfwf/ ;+/If0f ;dfhsf] k|ltlglwd08n;Fu cfh afn'jf6f/df ePsf] e]63f6sf qmddf k|wfgdGqL sf]O/fnfn] d' n ' s sf ljsf; lgdf{ 0 fsf kl/of]hgfdf /fhgLlts bn / ;/sf/lkR5] km/s–km/s ljrf/ / cj/f]w l;h{gf ubf{ d'ns ' n] ult lng g;s]sf] atfpg'eof] . ca klg hnljB't\sf] pTkfbg / k|of]udf j[l4 gug{] xf] eg] d'n's cl3 a9\g g;Sg] atfpFb} k|wfgdGqL sf]O/fnfn] ljb]zL nufgLstf{x¿ g]kfndf

nufgL ug{ cft' / /x] s fn] pgLx¿nfO{ nufgLsf] jftfj/0f agfpg zflGt / :yfloTjsf nflu ;a} Psh' 6 x' g ' k g{ ] d f hf] 8 lbg'eof] . ljutdf c¿0f t];f| ] cfof]hgf lelqg glbPsf] 36gfsf] k|;ª\u sf]6ØfpFb} k|wfgdGqL sf]O/fnfn] eGg'eof], æPs ;/sf/n] u/]sf] sfo{sf] csf{] ;/sf/n] lj/f]w ug{] jf lg/Gt/tf glbg] k/Dk/fn] 7"nf kl/of]hgfx¿ cnkq kgf{sf ;fy} d'ns ' df ljsf;sf] ult cl3 a9\g ;s]sf] 5}g .Æ :jb]zsf] nufgLn] dfq d'ns ' df 7"nf kl/of]hgf ;~rfng / b|t' ultdf ljsf; ug{ g;lsg] atfpFb} pxfFn] ljb]zL nufgLnfO{ klg ljsf; lgdf{0fsf sfo{df

k|fT] ;fxg ug{] jftfj/0f lgdf{0fsf nflu ;xof]u ug{ cfu|x ug{e ' of] . e] 6 3f6df ;dfhsf cWoIf nf]saxfb'/ /fjtn] s0ff{nL hnfwf/ If] q df kg{ ] dflyNnf] s0ff{ n L kl/of]hgf ;Dk"0f{ ¿kn] g]kfn / g]kfnLsf] lxtdf x'g'kg{]df hf]8 lbg'eof] . g]skf–dfcf]jfbLsf wd{G] b| afF : tf] n fn] dflyNnf] s0ff{ n L

kl/of]hgfaf6 pTkflbt ljB't\ g]kfnn] g} k|of]u ug{ kfpg'kg{d ] f hf]8 lbg'eof] . s0ff{nL hnfwf/ If]qdf kg{] dflyNnf] s0ff{nL kl/of]hgf lgdf{0fsf nflu @$ hgj/L @))* df ef/tLo sDkgL lhPdcf/;Fu ;xdltsf nflu ;Demf}tf ul/Psf] lyof] .

dxTjk"0f{ 6]lnkmf]g gDa/x? wg'iff

;nf{xL ;nf{xL c:ktfn laB't k|flws/0f bdsn PDj'n]G;-/]8qm;_ b'/ ;+rf/ dd{t lh= k|zf;g sf lh= vfg]kfgL lh=k=| sf dn+ujf O k|x/L sf= xl/jg O k|x/L sf= xl/k'/ O k|x/L sf= a/xyjf O k|x/L sf= O{Zj/k'/ lh 6«f sf gjnk'/

;z:q k| an ;nf{xL SofDk; b ;xf/f PDa'nG] ;

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cr+n c:ktfn wg'iff c:ktfn lh=k=| sf= hgkf bdsn ;z:q k| an PDa'n]G;–/]8qm; ;'/Iff u'Nd a}/s ] Po/kf]6{ hgsk'/ /]Nj] cf+vf c:ktfn ljB't km\oh F zfvf a'4 Po/ otL Po/nfOG; u0f]z o'jf sld6L

dxf]Q/L %@))## %@%*)) %@))(( %@))!! %@&@!# !)@ %@^%*^ %@))$$ %@)@!! %@)#(& %@)!%! %@^@($ %@))$* %@^#^)

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le7fdf]8 k| rf}sL %@)@)( Ok|sf alb{af; %%%))^ Ok|sf uf}znf %@($)#

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l5Gd:tfu0f alb{af;%@(^!(

b ;xf/f PDa'nG] ; %@!$!%

lh k|x/L sf= k|x/L sfG6f]n lhNnf c:ktfn af?0f ofGq PDa'n]G;

%@)!(( %@))(( %@))&) %@))(& %@)!)) ljB't kmo'h zfvf %@))^^ %@)!^^ e+;f/ sfo{no %@!!$@

lh k|x/L sf=


dw]z kf]i6 @)&! a}zfv @$ ut], a'wjf/

sf“u; ]| n] ;o l;6klg lhTb}g– df]bL gofF lbNnL, @# j}zfv . ef/tLo sfFu|]; kf6L{n] xfn hf/L /x]sf] cfdlgjf{rgdf Ps ;o :yfg klg lhTg g;Sg] wf/0ff ef/tLo hgtf kf6L{sf Pshgf g]tfn] /fv]sf 5g\ . pgn] jt{dfg cj:ydf hf/L /x]s ] f] ef/tLo ;+;bsf] tNnf] ;efsf] lgjf{rgdf xfnsf] k|dv ' ;Qf?9 bn sfFu|];sf] To:tf] cj:yf b]lvPsf] atfP . ef/tLo hgtf kf6L{sf g]tf tyf cfufdL ;/sf/sf nflu ;f] bnåf/f k| w fgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/sf ?kdf cl3 ;fl/Psf g/]Gb| df]bLn] ;f] wf/0ff ;fj{hlgs ug'e { Psf] xf] . pxfF n ] Ps ef/tLo b} l gs klqsf 6fOD; ckm OlG8ofnfO{ lbPsf] cGt/jftf{df eGg'ePsf] 5– clxn]s} cj:yfnfO{ ljZn]if0f u/]/ x]g]{ xf] eg] sfFu; ]| Ps;o :yfgeGbf klg tn} l;dLt x'g5 ] . pxfFn] ;f] cGt/jftf{df k6s k6s sfFu|];n] a9Ldf Ps ;o :yfgdf dfq ljho xfl;n ug{;Sg]df hf]8 ug'e { Psf] 5 . ;fy} pxfF n ] sfF u | ] ; kf6L{leq g]t[Tjdf klg ljjfb

pTkGg ePsf] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . pxfFsf] cf/f]k lyof]– sfFu|];df cfufdL ;/sf/df s;n] g]tT[ j ug{] eGg]df g} ljjfb 5 . pxfF n ] xfn ufGwL kl/jf/nfO{ ca sfFu; ]| df g]tT[ j ug{ lbg] af/]df w]/} g} r'gf}tLx? cfPsf / ufGwL kl/jf/nfO{ g]tT[ j ug{ glbg] cfjfh kf6L{df a'nGb ?kdf p7]sf] klg atfpg'eof] . pxfFn] eGg'eof]– of] ufGwL kl/jf/ / cGosf] aLrsf] n8fO{+ xf] / of] n8fO{+ ef/tLo hgtf kf6L{n] klg n8]sf] 5 . /fx'n ufGwLeGbf csf{] g]t[Tjsf] af/]df klg sfFu|];df s'/fsfgL eO/x]sf] 5 t/ klg Tof] ;Defjgf d}n] b]lVbg– pxfFn] ;f] cGt/jftf{df eGg'ePsf] 5 . xfn ef/tdf cfdlgjf{rg eO/x]sf] 5 . ;f] lgjf{rg ut clk|n & tfl/vb]lv ;'? ePsf] xf] . oxL d] !@ df dtbfg sfo{qmd ;DkGg x'g] 5 . cfufdL d] !^ df ToxfF lgjf{rgsf] clGtd kl/0ffd 3f]if0ff ul/;lsg] atfOPsf] 5 . lgjf{rgsf k|f/lDes ;j{I] f0fx?n] ToxfF ef/tLo hgtf kf6L{ g]tT[ jsf]

5g\ . cd]l/sL ef}ule{s ;j]I{ f0f ;:yfn] pQm e"sDk ^ /]S6/ :s]nsf] ePsf] hgfPsf] 5 t/ yfO{NofG8sf df};d lj1fg ljefu / /fli6«o k|sf]k Joj:yfkg s]Gb|n] eg] ;f] d af/ ;fF e m lrcfª\ u k|fGtsf] kmfg lhNnfdf ^ /]S6/sf] e"sDk cfPsf] k'li6 u/]sf] 5 . To;}u/L ;f] e"sDksf] sDkg lrcfª\ u dfO, km/fP,

u7aGwgn] g} ax'dt xfl;n ug{] cg'dfgx? ;fj{hlgs ul//x]sf 5g\ . t/ ef/tLo hgtf kf6L{ PSn}n] ax'dt xfl;n ug{] ;Defjgf eg] sd /x]sf] tL ;j{I] f0fx?n] b]vfPsf 5g\ . ef/tLo hgtf kf6L{ / p;sf] u7aGwgsf tkm{af6 g]tf g/]Gb| df]bLnfO{ g} cfufdL ;/sf/sf] k|wfgdGqLsf ?kdf cl3 ;fl/Psf] 5 . lg/Gt/ ?kdf b' O { sfo{sfn;Dd ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj u/]sf] ef/tLo sfFu; ]| n] e|i6frf/ lgoGq0f ug{ g;s]sf] tyf cfly{s a[l4sf] cj:yfnfO{ emg 36fPsf] eGb} ;f] bnsf] cfnf]rgf ul/Psf] 5 . /f;;÷l;GXjf

kmfofcf] / nfDkfª\udf ;d]t dx;'z ul/Psf] atfOPsf] 5 . ;f] e"sDkaf6 ;of}+ ejg / ;8sx? Ifltu|:t ePsf] atfOPsf] 5 . yfONofG8sf k|wfgdGqL loª\ns l;gfjfqfn] e"sDk k|efljt If]qdf cfjZos ;xof]u pknA3 u/fpgsf] nflu ;DalGwt lgsfonfO{ cfb]z lbg'ePsf] 5 . /f;;÷l;GXjf

l;l/ofdf xfn} vlgPsf] ;'?ªdf 7"nf] ad lj:kmf]6 x'b “ f tL; ;}lgssf] d[To' a]?t, @# j}zfv . l;l/ofdf ljb|f]xLn] Ps ;}lgs lg/LIf0f s]Gb|sf] tn Ps ;'?ª vgL Jofks ad lj:kmf]6 u/fpFbf sDtLdf #) ;}lgssf] d[To' ePsf] hfgsf/L l;l/og cAh/e]6/L km/ Xo'dg /fO6\;n] dª\unaf/ lbPsf] 5 . df/] t cn–g' d fg gu/sf] aflx/L efudf Ps lg/LIf0f s]Gb|sf] tn Jofks ¿kdf lj:kmf]6 ePsf] / To;sf] sf/0f sl/a #) ;}lgssf] d[To' ePsf] cAh/e]6/Ln] pNn]v u/]sf] 5 . cAh/e]6/Ln]

O8lna k| f Gtdf sl/a @)) ld6/sf] ;'?ª vgL ;f]daf/ ad cfqmd0f ePsf] pNn]v u/]sf] 5 . ljb|fx] Lx¿sf] u7aGwg O:nflds k|mG6n] OG6/g]6df /fv]sf] o;;DaGwL Ps lrqdf Jofks

lj:kmf]6 ePsf] b]vfOPsf] 5 . k|ltkIfL n8fs"x¿n] ;} l gs lg/LIf0f s] G b| tyf d'Vofnodf cfqmd0f ug{ o; k|sf/sf] ;'?ªsf] k|of]u ul//x]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . /f;;÷PPkmkL

uflj; ;lrjNffO{ === pNf\Nf]v 5 . pgNf] ;/sf/L /sd b'?kof]u u/L xflg–gf]S;fg k'¥ofPsf] kfOPkl5 e|i6frf/ lgjf/0f P]g @)%( cg';f/ *$ xhf/ hl/jfgf / ;f]xL a/fa/ lauf]sf] bfaL ub{} cfof]uNf] d'2f bfo/ u/]sf] 5. ofbjNffO{ e|i6frf/ P]gadf]lhd s}b x'gk' g{] lhls/ klg cf/f]kqdf 5 .

df3 @^ ut] b]lv nfu' ePsf] ljB't nf]8 ;]l8Ësf] sfo{tflnsf af/ cfO{taf/ ;f]daf/ du+naf/ a'wjf/ ljlxjf/ z'qmjf/ zlgjf/

;do )*M+)) b]lv )$M)) )&M)) b]lv )!M)) )^M)) b]lv )@M)) )^M)) b]lv !@M)) )%M)) b]lv )!M)) )%M)) b]lv !!M)) )$M)) b]lv !@M)) )$M)) b]lv !)M)) )#M)) b]lv !)M)) )!M)) b]lv )*M)) )@M)) b]lv)(M)) !!M)) b]lv )^M)) )(M)) b]lv )%M)) )*M)) b]lv )@M))

/f]rs ;dfrf/

@# jifL{o afa'sf] @$ hgf 5f]/fx?

yfONofG8sf] e"sDkdf Pssf] d[To', aL; 3fOt] a} + s s, @# j} z fv . pQ/L yfO{Nof08sf] lrcfª\u /fO{ k|fGtdf ;f]daf/ ;fFem zlQmzfnL e"sDk uPsf] ;dfrf/ 5 . ;f] e"sDk ^=# /]S6/ :s]n dfkg ul/Psf] / 7"n} Ifltsf] cg'dfg ul/Psf] ;dfrf/df hgfOPsf] 5 . ;f] e" s Dkaf6 Ps JolQmsf] d[To' x'gs ' f] ;fy} cGo @) hgf 3fOt] ePsf :yfgLo ;~rf/dfWodx?n] dª\ u naf/ hfgsf/L lbPsf 5g\ . ;f]daf/ cfPsf] ;f] e"sDkkl5 :yfgLo ;dofg'; ' f/ dª\unaf/ laxfg & ah] ; Dd !)( k6s ;–;fgf e"sDksf wSsf dx;'z ul/Psf] atfOPsf] 5 . ;f] e"sDksf wSsfx? # b] l v % /] S 6/ :s]n;Ddsf] ePsf] /fli6«o k|sf]k r]tfjgL s]Gb|n] hgfPsf] 5 . e"sDkaf6 lrcfª\u /fO{ k|fGtsf Pshgf *# jifL{of dlxnfsf] d[To' x'gs ' f] ;fy} cGo @) 3fOt] ePsf

#

!$M)) 306f !$M)) 306f !$M)) 306f !$M)) 306f !$M)) 306f !$M)) 306f !$M)) 306f

k"j{L clk|msL b]zsf] /jfG8fsf] lsufNfLdf @$ hgf 5f]/fx?Nf] Ps cs{fNffO{ xf};Nff k|bfg ub{5g\ . pgLx?sf] kl/Iff klg x'Fb}5 / pgLx? To;sf] tof/Ldf 5g\ . o:t}df pgLx?sf @# jif{Lo afa' lktf hLg SNffp8 gs';L pgLx?NffO{ /fd|f; ] uF k9\g ;s] /fd|f] tl/sfNf] afRg ;lsg] eGb} ;DemfpF5g\ . of] ;fdfGo xf]Og, pgLx? Ps kl/jf/df a:b5g\ . pgLx? g/;+ x f/af6 lkl8t 5g\ . cNfu cNfu pd]/ ;d"xsf oL o'jfx?sf] l8PgP

Pscs{f;Fu ldNb}g . oBkL pgLx? ;a}Nf] ;fd"lxs km};Nff lNfP ls @# jif{Lo hLg SNffp8NffO{ pgLx?Nf] lktf eGg]5g\ . ;g\ !(($sf] g/;+ x f/df Pylgs /jfG8g 6'6l;; ;d'bfosf] cf7 Nffv dflg;x? dfl/Psf lyP . of] kl/jf/sf] oL aRrfx? clxNf] 7"Nff eO;s]sf 5g\ / pgLx? sNf]hdf k9\b5g\ . ;g\ !((^ df /jfG8fsf] !@ ljZjljBfNfosf] 5fqx?Nf] …Pzf]l;o;g km/ :6'8G] 6 ;e{fOj/Ú agfPsf lyP . jt{dfgdf o;sf] $#,#(& ;b:o alg;s]sf 5g\ .

of] c;f] l ;o;g ljBfNfo / ljZjljBfNfosf] @%÷@% 5fqx?sf] ;d"xNf] agfpg] ub{5g\ . tLdWo] OR5's ;b:ox?NffO{ g} cfdf / a'jf 5fGg lbOG5 . o;/L g} pgLx?Nf] agfpF5g\ cfkm\gf] gofF kl/jf/ . o;/L g} pgLx?Nf] Ps– cs{fNffO{ d2t ub{5g\ . gs';L eG5g\, …o:tf] ug{fNf] aRrfx?NffO{ kl/jf/h:tf] cg' e j x' G 5 / pgLx? v' ; L x' g ] ub{ 5 g\ .Ú o'lgel;{6L ckm /jfG8fsf] sNf]h ckm Ph's; ] gdf o:tf] @! kl/jf/ 5 . -Ph]G;L_

udL{df s] sf] h'; Nffebfos < udL{sf] df};d ;'? eO;s]sf] 5 . olta]Nff tkfO{N+ f] cfkm\gf] :jf:Yosf] lgs} VofNf /fVg'kg{] x'G5 . udL{ xf];\ of hf8f] b'a} df};ddf plrt vfgkfgNf] tkfO{+sf] :jf:Yodf ;sf/fTds c;/ k'of{ pF5 . ud{ L eGg] l alQs} dflg;x? lr;f] k] o kbfy{ , cfO;lqmd ;f]Rg] ub{5g\ . udL{df tfhf h'; lkpgfNf] o;Nf] tkfO{N+ ffO{ pT;flxt / xfO8«6] /fV5 . ud{Ldf s:tf] k|sf/sf] h'; vfFbf /fd|f] x'G5 eGg] s'/f oxfF k|:t't ul/Psf 5g\ . ta{'hfsf] h';M ta{'hfsf] /; ;a} pd]/ ;d"xsf Nfflu lk|o 5 . ta{h ' fdf w]/} dfqfdf kfgLsf] dfqf kfOG5 / ud{Lsf] ;dodf tfhf /fVg] of] pQd ljsNf\k dflgPsf] 5 . t/ ofb /fVg'xf];\ tfhf ta{h ' fsf] h';Nf] dfq tkfO{N+ ffO{ /fd|f] u5{ . Nffdf] ;do;Dd lk| m hdf /flvPsf]

ta{'hfsf] h';Nf] tkfO{+sf] k]6df ;d:of lgDTofOlbG5 . sfutL–cb' j fsf] h' ; M sfutL / cb'jfsf] h';df SofG;/ lj/f]wL u'0fx? ePsf] dflgG5 . le6fldg ;L Nf] el/k"0f{ o:tf] h';Nf] tkfO{+sf] k]6;Fu ;DalGwt w]/} ;d:ofx? gi6 ul/lbG5 . To;sf/0f olb tkfO{+df k]6sf] ;d:of 5 eg] of] g} tkfO{s + f] /fd|f] pkrf/ k4lt x'g5 ] . ;fy;fy},

o;Nf] s'g} klg 5fNff / skfNf;Fu ;DalGwt ;d:ofx?sf] klg ;dfwfg ub{5 . va{'hfsf] h';;\ of] le6fldg ;L, PlG6clS;8]G6, a]6f Sof/f]l6g h:tf u'0fx?Nf] el/k"0f{ x'G5 h;Nf] Pl;l86L, cNf\ ; / / lk;fa gNfLsf] ;+qmd0fNffO{ /fxt k|bfg ub{5 . o;Nf] tf}Nf 36fpg klg d2t ub{5 . -Ph]G;L_

s] tkfO{ sfdsf nflu ljb]z g} hfg] x'ge ' of] < hfg] g} xf] eg] = =========== – sf] dfkm{t hfb} x'gx' G' 5 < s]xL yfxf 5 < Ph]06 jf Dofgkfj/ sDkgL Ohfht kq k|fKt xf] sL xf]O{g s]lx yfxf 5 < – s'g b]z hfb} x'gx' G' 5 yfxf 5 < To; b]zsf] efiff, wd{, /xg;xg cflb af/]df tkfO{nfO{ s]xL hfgsf/L 5 < – tkfO{;uF ljb]zdf sfd ug]{ s]xL ;Lk 5 < lgMz'Ns ;Lk tflndsf] af/]df s]xL yfxf 5< – :jf:Yo k/LIf0f , aLdf / >d :jLs[ltsf] af/]df s]xL hfgsf/L 5 < – ljb]zdf ;d:ofdf k/]df s] ug]{ s]xL yfxf 5 < – o; qmddf 7uL jf hfn;fhLdf k/]df s] ug]{ s]xL ;f]Rg' ePsf] 5 < nufotsf ljifox?df lgMz'Ns k/fdz{sf] nflu ;'/lIft cfk|jf;g ;"rgf s]Gb|df cjZo hfg'xf];\ / cfkm\gf] j}bl] zs ofqfnfO{ ;s];Dd ;'/lIft / pknlAwd'ns agfpg'xf];\ . ;"rgf s]Gb|n] pknAw u/fpg] ;]jfx? M– != ;'/lIft j}bl] zs /f]huf/ ;DalGw cfjZos ;"rgfx? pknAw u/fpg] . @= j}bl] zs /f]huf/df ;Lkd'ns tflnd lnP/ dfq hfg clek|l] /t ug],{ ;fy} lgMz'Ns ;Lk tflndsf nflu l;kmfl/z ug]{ #= j}bl] zs /f]huf/df hfFbf clen]vj4 - sfg'gL k|lqmof dfkm{t _ eP/ hfg clek|l] /t ug]{ / o;sf k|lqmofx?sf] af/]df hfgsf/L u/fpg] . $= ladf u/fpbf, :jf:Yo k/LIf0f u/fpFbf, s/f/gfdfdf x:tfIf/ ubf{ / Dofgkfj/ sDkgL 5g}f6 ubf{ Wofg lbg'kg]{ s'/fx?sf] hfgsf/L u/fpg] . %= g]kfnL /fhb'tfjf;, jfl0fHo b'tfjf;, cfk|jf;L g]kfnL ;+3 ;+:yfx? / >d ;xrf/Lx?sf] hfgsf/L tyf ;Dks{ gDa/x? pknAw u/fpg] ^= j]kQf ePsf jf h]ndf k/]sf g]kfnL sfdbf/x?sf] l:ylt kQf nufpg ;DalGwt b"tfjf; tyf ;+3;+:yfdfkm{t cfjZos ;xof]u ug]{ . &= 7uL ePsf] d'Bfx?sf] sfg'gL pkrf/sf] nflu sf7df8f}+ l:yt ;DalGwt ;]jf k|bfos ;F:yfx?df l;kmfl/z ug]{ *= d[To' ePsf / c+ue+u ePsf sfdbf/sf] xsdf j}bl] zs /f]huf/ k|j4{g jf]8a{ f6 k|fKt x'g] IftLk"lt{ pknAw u/fO{lbg ;xof]u ug]{ . sfof{ n o ;do M– –cfOtjf/b]lv laxLaf/ ljxfg !) ah]b]lv a]n'sf % ah];Dd . – z'qmaf/ ljxfg !) ah]b]lv cfkx|fGg # ah];Dd . gf]6 M– ;"rgf s]Gb|n] j}b]lzs /f]huf/sf nflu k|f]T;fxg jf lg?T;fxg ug]{ geO{ cfjZos ;"rgfx? k|bfg u/L ;+jlGwt JolQm :jo+nfO{ hfgsf/o'Qm lg0f{o ug{ ;xof]u ug]{ xf] . ;'/lIft cfk|jf;g kl/of]hgf /fli6«o /f]huf/ k|j4{g s]Gb x]Ne]6f; :jL; OG6/sf]ck/]zg g]kfn dn+ujf, ;nf{xL ;Dks{ M kmf]g g+= )$^–%@!%)@


dw]z kf]i6

lh=k|= sf= ;nf{xL btf{ gDa/ $@÷)^^÷)^&

@)&! a}zfv @$ ut], a'wjf/

lqe'jg cGt/{fli6«o ljdfg:ynn] ef/tLo gfos cIfo s'df/nfO{ ljdfg:yndf ;'l6ªdf /f]s nufPsf] 5 . ;'l6ª cl3 ug{k' g{] ;t{x? k'/f gePsf] eGb} ljdfg:ynn] lkmNd ;'l6ªdf /f]s nufPsf] xf] . ljdfg:ynn] /f]s nufPkl5 j;GtL gfds lkmNdsf] ;'l6ª /f]lsPsf] 5 . ljdfg:ynsf] 5aL laufg{] lsl;dsf l;g lngvf]hs ] f] eGb} ljdfg:ynn] ;'l6ªdf /f]s nufPsf] xf] . lkmNddf cIfo s'df/fO{ ljdfg:yndf x'g] ceb| Jojxf/sf] l;g lng vf]lhPsf] lyof] . ljdfg:yndf ;'l6ª /f]lsPkl5 To; lkmNdsf] 6f]nL clxn] 7d]n nufotsf ljleGg :yfgdf ;6 lnO/x]sf] 5 . ljdfg:yn k|zf;gn] ;f]daf/ tTsfnsf nflu l;g]dfsf] 5fof+sg ljdfg:yndf ug{ glbg] lg0f{o u/]sf 5f}, lqe'jg ljdfg:ynsf k|x/L gfoj dxflg/LIfs ofbj clwsf/Ln] eGg'eof], k|lqmof k'¥ofP/ cfP eg] ;f]Rg ;lsG5 .

;'g t:s/Lsf] cleof]udf tLghgf kqmfp sf7df8f} + , @# j} z fv . ;' g t:s/Lsf] cleof]udf tLghgf ef/tLo gful/s kqmfp k/]sf 5g\ . ˆnfO b'aOsf] ljdfgaf6 b'aOx'bF } uP/flt !@ ah] lqe'jg ljdfg:yndf cjt/0f ePsf ef/t /fh:yfgsf nIdL ;f]gL, a[h dg / /fhs'df/ ;f]gLnfO{

kfFr lsnf] ;'g;lxt kqmfp ul/Psf] lqe'jg cGt/f{li6«o ljdfg:yn k|x/L sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 . pQm sfof{ n osf cg' ; f/ zª\ s f nfu] / cleo'Qmx¿sf] ;'6s]; hfFr ubf{ nIdL ;f]gLn] af]ss ] f] ;'6s];af6 Ps xhf/ ^*# u|fd, a[h dgsf]

;'6s];af6 Ps xhf/ ^&% u|fd / /fhs'df/ ;f]gLsf] ;'6s];af6 Ps xhf/ ^(% u|fd ;'g a/fdb\ ePsf] lyof] . tLg} h gf cleo'QmnfO{ /fh:j cg';Gwfg ljefusf] lx/f;tdf /fv] / cg';Gwfg yflnPsf] hgfOPsf] 5.

emf8fkvfnfsf] k|sf]k lj:tf/} ;'wf/sf] qmddf dw]z ;dfrf/bftf /f}tx6 @# a}zfv . /f}tx6sf] rGb|lgufxk'/ uflj; j8f g+ # / $ df km}lnPsf] emf8fkvfnfsf] k|sf]k lj:tf/} ;'wf/sf] qmddf /x]sf] lrlsT;sx¿n] atfPsf 5g\ . rGb|lgufxk'/ c:ktfn tyf lhNnf hg:jf:Yo sfof{ n oaf6 vl6Psf] lrlsT;sx?n] ^ lbgb]lv ;f]xL :yfgdf a;]/ lzlj/ ;+rfng ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ . pkrf/df ;+ n Ug

rGb| l gufxk' / c:ktfnsf lrlsT;s 8fS6/ wd]G{ b| k6]nn] u}8+ f6f/df emf8fkvfnfsf /f]uLx? pkrf/sf nflu cfpg] q md lbgk|ltlbg 36\b} uPsf]n] /f]u lgoGq0fdf cfpg yfn]sf] hfgsf/L lbg'ePsf] 5 . cfh klg tL j8fsf kfF r hgf la/fdLx? pkrf/sf nflu lzlj/df cfOk'us ] f lyP . lzlj/df pkrf/ x'g g;sL rGb|lgufxk'/ c:ktfndf egf{ ul/Psf b'O{hgfnfO{ yk pkrf/sf nflu sf7df8f} /]km/

ul/Psf] rGb|lgufxk'/ c:ktfnn] hgfPsf] 5 . ljutsf] t'ngfdf emf8fkvfnf tyf x}hfsf nIf0f b]lvPsf la/fdLx? sd cfPsf]n] ;'wf/sf] ;+st] b]lvPsf] pkrf/df ;+nUg lrlsT;sx?n] atfPsf 5g\ . clxn] of] If]qdf lhNnf hg:jf:Yo sfof{ n o tyf rGb| l gufxk' / c:ktfnaf6 vl6Psf rf/hgf 8fS6/ tyf ;xof]uL cGo lrlsT;sx? u/L !@ hgfsf] 6f]lnn] lzlj/ ;+rfng ul//x]sf] 5 .

;xdltdf ;+ljwfg;efn] rf“8} k"0f{tf kfp“5 –;~rf/dGqL sf7df8f},F @# j}zfv . ;/sf/sf k|jQmf 8f dLg]Gb| l/hfnn] g]skf -Pdfn] _ , PsLs[ t g] s kf -dfcf]jfbL_ / cGo /fhgLlts bn;Fu 5nkmn u/]/ ;xdltsf] cfwf/df ;+ljwfg;efnfO{ k"0f{tf lbOg] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . l/kf] 6 { ; { Snaåf/f d+unjf/ cfof]lht cGtlqm{ofdf ;" r gf tyf ;~rf/dGqL 8f l/hfnn] dlGqkl/ifb\n] dgf]gog ug]{ @^ ;ef;b\sf] rogsf nflu rfF8} k|d'v /fhgLlts bn;Fu ;xdlt ul/g] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . pxfFn] eGg'eof], æklxnf] ;+ljwfg;efsf] h:tf] b'ikl/0ffd cfpg glbg / ;ª\ 3 Lo

nf]stflGqs ;+ljwfg agfpg] d'Vo lhDd]jf/L k"/f ug{ ;xdltdf hfg'k5{ .Æ cK7Øf/f] cj:yfdf sfFu; ]| / Pdfn] Ps 7fpFdf cfPsf] pNn] v ub} { ;~rf/dGqL 8f l/hfnn] eGg' e of] , æ;+ l jwfg agfpg] sfo{df oL b'O{ /fhgLlts bn Psfsf{sf k|lt:kwL{ xf]Ogg\, To;}n] ;+ljwfg agfpgsf nflu xfdL Ps ePsf xf}F .Æ jftfj/0f glauf/L sfd ubf{ s]xL ;do nfUg] ePsfn] ;/sf/n] s]xL klg sfd u/]g eGg gldNg] pNn]v ub}{ pxfFn] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fdf ;xof]u ug'{ ;/sf/sf] d'Vo lhDd]jf/L ePsfn] To; ljifodf g} Wofg lbg ;a}nfO{ cfu|x

ug'e { of] . Joj:yflksf–;+;b\sf] jif]{ clwj]zgnuQ} ;xdltsf cfwf/df cfly{s ljsf;sf nflu cfwf/lznf tof/ ug]{ sfo{df ;/sf/ nfUg] pNn] v ub} { ;~rf/dGqL 8f l/hfnn] hgtfsf] cfly{s ljsf; / ;d[l4sf] rfxgf k"/f ug]{ lbzfdf ;/sf/ cufl8 a9\g yfn]sf] atfpg'eof] . pxfFn] kl5Nnf] ;dodf ljsf; ePsf gofF ;"rgf k|ljlw / ;" r gf tyf ;~rf/sf] ljsf;nfO{ ;Daf]wg ug{ /fli6«o ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ k|ljlw gLlt / ;"rgf k|;f/0f gLlt rfF8} NofOg] hfgsf/L klg lbg'eof] .

HIV/AIDS af/] hfgsf/L 4 cfh} b]lv HIV / AIDS sf] af/]df v'n/ ] s'/f} u/f} . 4 HIV ;+sl| dt;+u x'g] nf+Ifgf / e]befj sd ug{ cf–cfkm\gf] 7fp“af6 ;xof]u

u/f} . 4 obL s;}nfO{ HIV ePdf kl/jf/ tyf ;d'bfo ldn]/ Ps cfk;df ;xof]u

u/f} .

4 of}g /f]usf] pkrf/ :j:Yo hLjgsf] cfwf/ . 4 k'0f{ pkrf/ kl5 of}g /f]u lgsf] x'G5 . 4 /tm kl/If0f tyf k/fdz{sf] nflu lhNnf c:ktfn dn+ujfdf ;Dks{ ug'{ .

df]Kk g]kfn ;+:yf / cfdbf g]kfn xfdL kl/of]hgf 4f/f hglxtdf hf/L ;Gb]z

$

5f]6s/L ;dfrf/ :jrflnt xltof/;lxt o'js kqmfp k;f{, @# j}zfv . lhNnf k|x/L sfof{ n o k;f{ n ] jL/uGhsf] 5ks} o faf6 :jrflnt k]:tf]n;lxt Ps o'jsnfO{ kqmfp u/]sf] 5 . ljz] i f ;' / fsLsf cfwf/df k|x/Ln] ;f]daf/ ;fFem k;f{sf] ldhf{k'/–* 3/ eO{ xfn jL/uGh pkdxfgu/kflnsf–# 5ks}ofdf a:b} cfPsf !& jifL{o aAn' ofbjnfO{ :jrflnt k]:tf]n;lxt kqmfp u/]sf] xf] . ofbjn] 3/df xltof/ n'sfOl5kfO{ /fv]sf] ;"rgfsf

cfwf/df j8f k| x /L sfof{ n o ljtf{af6 v6]sf] k|x/L 6f]nLn] 3/df 5fkfdf/L u/L vfgtnf;L ubf{ rfOlgh k]:tf]n Ps yfg, ;f]df k|of]u x'g uf]nL tLg yfg a/fdb ePkl5 pgnfO{ cfjZos cg';Gwfgsf nflu lgoGq0fdf lnOPsf] k| x /L pk/LIfs lw/hk| t fk l;+ x n] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . ofbjnfO{ xftxltof/ v/vhfgf d'2f rnfpg] tof/L eO/x] s f] pk/LIfs l;+ x n] atfpg'eof] .

ljdfg:yn ljsf; s/sf] lj/f]w

b]ze/ b'O{ ;o s[lif s]Gb| :yfkgf x'b“ } sf7df8f},F @# j}zfv . ls;fgnfO{ ;j{;n ' e 9ª\un] aLplahg, dnvfb, kz' lrlsT;fsf cf}iflwnufot s[lif ;fdu|L laqmL ljt/0f ug{ lghL If]qsf] sDkgL lgDa;n] b]ze/ b'O{ ;o s[lif s]Gb| :yfkgf ug]{ ePsf] 5 . d+ u njf/ cfof] l ht kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf sDkgLsf k|aGw lgb]z { s cfgGb aul/ofn] cfufdL h]7 !% ut] /fhwfgLsf] sfnLdf6Ldf klxnf] s[lif s]Gb| :yfkgf ul/g] tyf ;f]xL dlxgfleq gf/fo0f3f6 / jL/uGhdf klg s]Gb| ;~rfng ul/g] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . o;} jif{leq b]zsf ljleGg efudf b'O{ ;o s[lif s]Gb| ;~rfng ul/g] / ltgn] ls;fgnfO{ pgLx¿sf] pTkfbg e08f/0f, ahf/Ls/0f tyf ljQLo ;]jf;d]t pknAw u/fpg] pxfFn] atfpg'eof] . æ;a} s]Gb|x¿ dlxnfn] ;~rfng ug] { 5 g\ Æ , dlxnf ;zQmLs/0fsf ;fy} pgLx¿nfO{ cfly{s Pjd\ k|fljlws ¿kdf ;Ifd t'Nofpg cfˆgf] sDkgLn] To;f] ug{ nfu]sf] pNn]v ub}{ k|aGw lgb]z { s aul/ofn] eGg'eof] .

jg h+un hf]ufcf},+ vfnL 7fpFdf ?v /f]kf}+ . ;'j0f{ cj;/ Û

sf7df8f},F @# j}zfv . g]kfn gful/s p8\8og k|flws/0fn] ljdfg:yn ljsf; s/sf gfddf lqe' j g cGt/f{ l i6« o ljdfg:ynaf6 ofqf ug] { k|ltofq'sf] xjfO{ l6s6dfkm{t ? Ps xhf/ !#) c;' N b} cfO/x]sf]kl| t g]kfn P;f]l;P;g ckm 6'/ PG8 6«fen Ph]G6;\ -gf§f_n] lj/f]w u/]sf] 5 . gf§fn] Ps lj1lKt k|sflzt u/L lghL If]qsf ko{6g Joj;foLx¿;Fu s'g} ;/;Nnfx

gu/L k|flws/0fn] PstkmL{ lg0f{o u/]/ xjfO{ ofq'af6 /sd c;'Nb} cfPsf] hgfPsf] 5 . k| f lws/0fn] cfˆgf] pQ/bfloTj k"/f ug{ cfkm};Fu /x]sf ;|ft] ;fwgsf] k|of]u ug's { f] ;§f xjfO{ ofq' x ¿af6 ;| f ] t ;ª\sng ubf{ ko{6gdf o;sf] k|efj gsf/fTds x'Fb} hfg] / ;Defljt ko{ 6 snfO{ g] k fn e|d0fdf cfpg b'?T;flxt t'NofpFb} hfg] lj1lKtdf hgfOPsf] 5.

dxf]Q/Lsf !! j6f ;Ldf gfsf aGb uf}zfnf, @# j}zfv . ef/tsf] nf]s;ef lgjf{rgnfO{ b[li6ut ub}{ dxf]Q/L lhNnf;Fu hf]l8Psf !! j6f ;Ldf gfsf cfhb]lv $* 306f;Ddsf nflu aGb ul/Psf] 5. ef/tsf] ljxf/

/fHocGtu{ t kg] { ;Ltfd9L lhNnfdf a' w af/ eO/x] s f] nf]s;ef lgjf{rgnfO{ Wofgdf /fVb} dª\unaf/ laxfgb]lv dxf]Q/Lsf ;Ldf gfsfx¿ aGb ug's { f ;fy} ;Ldf gfsf If]qdf pRr ;ts{tf ckgfOPsf] xf] .

/f]on ;Dk"0f{sf] gf}nf] k|:t'lt

;Dk"0f{ l8nS; a; dn+ujf, gjnk'/, nfnaGbL, xl/jg b]lv sf7df08f} hf]/kf6L ;Dd cf/fdbfoL ofqfsf] nflu ;Demg'xf];\ .

a fO{ f O{G ePs;df clt j km| j:y rsf] Pnf] #! l; cf/fd l f d f] Jo O8L 6 / bfo sf $ L a;fOs { 5. l6s6 kfpg] ] Joj:y@ km f

:yfg / ;Dks{ gDa/

dn+ujfM afndlGb/sf] sf]7f gDa/ # df,kmf]g g+=)$^–%@)#(* /fd;]js 7fs'/– (&$$))^#)!, nfnaGbLdf czf]s–(&$$!@%%#, xl/jgdf Zofd–(*$!&@&%(#, sn+sLdf s'df/–(*%!)#%$#$, / hf]/kf6Ldf s[i0f–(*$!$%!$#@

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Madhesh post 2071 01 24