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( 26 March 2013 )

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cfufdL ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rgdf xf]nLnfO{ dof{lbt ;a} bnn] efu lng'kg]{ M ;b\efjgf agfpg] cg'/f]w s+rgk'/ !! r}q . ;b\efjgf kf6L{sf cWoIf /fh]Gb| dxtf]n] cfufdL ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rgdf ;a} bnn] efu lng' k g] { atfpg'ePsf] 5 . alb{ o fdf sfo{ s tf{ e] 6 3f6sfo{ q mddf pxfF n ] lgjf{rgdf dtbftfsf] gfdfjnL cBfjlws ubf{ gful/stfsf cfwf/df dfq} dtbftf gfdfjnL geO{ cGo k|df0fkqsf cfwf/df klg tof/ ul/g'kg]{ pxf"sf] egfO 5 . pxf"n] ;'b/" klZrdsf gf} j6} lhNnfnfO{ Ps agfpg g;lsg] atfpF b } s} n fnL,alb{ o f/ s~rgk' / nfO{ y?x6 k| b ] z df /flvg] lhls/ ug{'eof] . cWoIf dxtf]n] dw];L bnnfO{ Pp6} kf6L{ agfpg g;lsg] atfp"b} dw];sf sfo{;r " Ldf eg] df]rf{aGbL ug{ ;lsG5 eGg'eof] . ;befjgf kf6L{ s f /fli6«o cWoIf /fh]Gb| dxtf]n] cfpFbf] ;+ljwfg ;efsf] lgjf{rgdf cfkmgf] xs clwsf/nfO{ k|ltgLlwTj ug]{ kf6L{nfO{ lgjf{lrt u/] dfq dw]zn] clwsf/ kfpg] atfpg' ePsf] 5 . dw] z sf hgtfx?n] cfkmgf]

dw] z ;dfrf/bftf ;nf{xL, !@ r}q . lxGb'x?sf] dxfg kj{ xf] n LnfO{ dof{ b Lt Pj+ d ;f}xfb|k"0f{ jtfj/0fdf dgfpgsf nflu lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{non] lhNnfaf;LnfO{ cg'/f]w u/]sf] 5. ;f]daf/ lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{ n o dn+ u jfdf a;] s f] ;j{klIfo e]nfn] xf]nL kj{nfO{ dof{lbt, ;f}xfb|k"0f{ jtfj/0fdf agfpsf nflu cg'/f]w ul/Psf] k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L ;fuddl0f k/fh'nLn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . s;}nfO{ OR5f ljkl/t /+u gxfNg, cgfjZos?kdf kfgL g5\ofKg

b}ljs k|sf]k p4f/ ;ldltsf] cGt/lqmof sfo{qmd ;DkGg clwsf/sf] nfuL n8g'kg]{ a]nf cfPsf] o:tf] cj:yfdf ;dfhnfO{ s]xL k};fdf a]Rg]x?af6 dw]znfO{ arfpg' k5{ . ;befjgf kf6L{ s f pkfWoIf g/l;+x rf}w/Ln] yfx?sf] xsclwsf/sf] la?4df ;' b ' / klZrdf cv08;'b'/ kl/Zrdsf] cfGbf]ng u/fPsf] :d/0f u/fpg'

x'b} ca /f0ffyf?x?n] cfkmgf] xs clwsf/sf] n8g' kg]{ a]nf cfO{ ;s]sf] atfpg' eof] . sfo{ q mddf s] l Gb| o ;b:o clg; cG;f/L o;If]qsf yf?x?nfO{ afiff]{ b]vL zf]z0f eO{ /x]sf] 5 . ca 7"nf] bn / ;fgf] bnsf] e|ddf gkg{ hgtfnfO{ Wofgsif{0f u/fpg'eof] .

dxfd'v{ ;Dd]ng / xf]nL pT;j dgfO{g] dw]z ;dfrf/bftf wg'iff, !@ r}t . k|To]s jif{ xf]nLsf] cj;/df dgfO{g] xf]nL dxf]T;j tyf dxfd'v{ ;Dd]ng ldlynf gf6\osnf kl/ifbn] o; jif{ klg dgfO{g] ePsf] 5 . ldgfksf cWoIf ;'lng dlNnsn] lbg' ePsf] hfgsf/L cg';f/ d+unaf/ hfgsL d+lb/sf] k|fªugdf 8Dkmf k|ltof]lutf x'g]

tyf nf]nf gxfGgsf nflu cg'/f]w u/]sf] 5 . s;} n ] lagf d~h' / L s;}nfO{ /u+ xfNg], kfgL 5\ofKg] tyf nf]nf xfGg] sfd u/] sfg'g adf]lhd sf/afxL x'g] k|dv ' lhNnf clwsf/L k/fh'nLn] atfpg'eof] . lhNnfsf zflGt ;'Joj:yf sfod ug{sf nflu Tof] yk ;t{sf ckgfp klg a}7sdf 5nkmn ul/Psf] 5 . ` a} 7 sdf ljleGg /fhgLlts bnsf k| l tlgwL, sfof{no k|d'v, ;'/Iff lgsfosf k| l tlgwL tyf ;+ r f/sdL{ s f] ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] .

/ a'waf/ dxfd'v{ ;+Dd]ng x'g] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . xf]/L dxf]T;jdf ufpFsf ;d'xx? åf/f xf]/L ufog x'g'sf ;fy} a'waf/ sjL uf]i7L, dfg kbjL ljt/0f tyf dxfd'v{ ;d]t rog ul/g] 5 . xf]nLsf] cj;/df x'g] pQm ;Dd]ngdf k|To]s jif{ s'g} jl/i7 JolQmnfO{ dxfd' v { s f] kbjL lbg] rng ldgfkn] /fv] s f] xf] . To:t}

lrqu'Kt ;]jf ;ldltn] a'waf/ xf]/L kmu'jf sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf ug]{ ePsf] 5 . ;f] d af/ ePsf] a}7saf6 lrqu'Kt ;]jf ;ldlt, d}lynL ;flxTosf/ ;ef tyf hgr] t gf cleofgsf] ;+ o ' Q m cfof]hgfdf xf]/L kmu'jf sfo{qmd x'g] ;efsf ;efkfn k|d ] ljb]x nngn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .

o;}u/L s]lGb|o ;b:o Pjd o'jf ljefu of] u ] G b| /fo ofbjn] k|ltlqmofjfbLx? dw]zdf k;n vf]n]/ dw]zL hgtfsf] zf]if0f ul//x]sf] cf/f]k nufpg'eof] . dw]zjfbLsf] vfn cf]9/] hgtfnfO{ zf]if0f ug]{ bn / g]tfx?nfO{ lrGg' kg]{ a]nf cfPsf] eGb} g]tf ofbjn] ;fjwfg /xg cfu|x ug'{ eof] . To;}u/L s]lGb|o ;b:o pk]Gb| dxtf]n] hgtfsf] xslxtsf nflu lg/Gt/ ;+3if{df /x]sf] atfpFb} ;fxn] ca hgtfn] ;befjgfnfO{ ;fy lbg' kg]{ a]nf cfPsf] atfpg' eof] . sfo{qmddf ;befjgf kf6L{sf s]lGb|o ;b:o g/]Gb|/fh jfUn] , ;+ u 7g laefu ;lra xl/zrGb| dxtf] s' z afxf nufotsf g]tf tyf sfo{stf{x? ;xefuL lyP . ;f] cj;/df g]kfnL sfu|];, Ps[lst g]skf dfcf]jfbL tyf Pdfn] kf6L{ kl/Touf ul/ sl/a sl/a # ;o hgf sfo{stf{x? ;befjgf kf6L{df k|jz ] u/]sf 5g .

dw] z ;dfrf/bftf ;nf{xL, !@ r}q . lhNnf b}ljs k|sf]k p4f/ ;ldltsf] cGt/lqmof sfof{ n d ;nf{ x L ;b/d' s fd dn+ujfdf ;f]daf/ ;DkGg ePsf] 5. >Ldlt s[i0f b]jL pRr dfljdf cfof] h gf ul/Psf] sfo{qmddf b}ljs k|sf]kaf6 x'g] 36gfaf6 lkl8tnfO{ s;/L p4f/ ug]{ To; ;DaGwdf sfo{qmddf 5nkmn ul/Psf] sfo{ q mdsf ;xeflu dlxnf, afnaflnsf tyf ;dfhsNof0f sfof{nosL clws[t rGb| f s' d f/L Jo~hgsf/n] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . ;nf{xL lhNnf

af9L k| e fljt If] q ePsfn] af9Laf6 lkl8t ePsfx?nfO{ s;/L p4f/ ug]{ eGg] ljifodf p4f/ ;ldltsf * km/s p4f/ lgsfosf lar 5nkmn ePsf] lyof] . vf; ul/ clxn] cfunuLsf] ;do ePsf]n] cfunuLaf6 aRg tyf lkl8tnfO{ s;/L /fxt k|bfg ug] { laifodf k| o f] u fTds lqmofsnfk ;d]t ul/Psf] lyof] . sfo{qmd p4f/ ;ldltsf cWoIf Pj k| d ' v lhNnf clwsf/L ;fu/dl0f k/fh'nLsf] cWoIftfdf cfof]hgf ul/Psf] lyof] . h;df p4f/ lgsfosf sfof{nox?df afFsL # k]hdf

dfWoldsL kl/qmdf cfh hgsk'/ k'Ug] dw]z ;dfrf/bftf wg'iff, !@ r}t . ldlynf~rnsf] ax'rlr{t ;f+:s[lts pT;j !% lbj;Lo ldlynf dfWoldsL kl/qmdf d+unaf/ hgsk'/ cfpg] ePsf] 5 . kl/qmdfdf ;xefuL ;fw';Gt tyf >4fn'x? ;f]daf/ ljzf}n k'u]/ la>fd u/]sf 5g\ .

kl/qmdfjf;L a'waf/ hgsk'/df cGt/u[x kl/qmdf u/L cf}krfl/s ?kdf kl/qmdf ;DkGg x'g] 5 . g]kfn ef/tsf] wfld{s ;f+ : s[ l ts Pjd\ kf/Dkl/s ;befjsf k|lts ag]afs kl/qmdf ofqfdf g]kfnsf !# tyf ef/tsf b'O{ :yfgu/L s'n !% lj>fd:yn /x]sf 5g\ .


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d]nldnfk / ;b\efjsf] ;Gb]z lnO{ cfpg] kmfu'kj{ cfh k|aGw lgb]{zs sfo{ s f/L ;Dkfbs hgsk'/ k|ltlglw k| s fzs

M– lgd] i f s0f{ M– ljZjgfy 7fs' / M– a6'sgfy emf M– dw] z sf nflu ;~rf/ sfof{no

dn+ujf M– lhlj; rf}s dn+ujf, ;nf{xL, kmf]g M– )$^–%@!#(@ hgsk'/ M–/fdrf}s hgsk'/, wg'iff kmf]g M– )$!–%@*@)& d'b0| f M– b'uf{ ckm;]6 k|; ] , dn+ujf tyf Sjfln6L ckm;]6 k|; ] ,hgsk'/ E-mail: madheshpost@gmail.com

? ;DkfbsLo=============== ? hftLo efjgf lxts/ x'b “ g } d'ns ' df r'gfjL ;/sf/sf] u7g;Fu} lgjf{rg cfof]udf cfo'Qmx?sf] lgo'lQm klg ePsf] 5 . ca lgjf{rg cfof]u;Fu 5nkmn kZrft ;/sf/n] r'gfjsf] ldlt 3f]if0ff ug]5 { . clxn];Dd c;f/sf] klxnf] xKtfdf r'gfj x'g] elgP klg To;a]nf;Dd r'gfj x'gsf nflu 7f]; cfwf/x? tof/ eO;s]sf 5}gg\ . r'gfjsf] 3f]if0ffn] dfq} r'gfj x'g] klg xf]Og . r'gfj, bnx?aLrsf] ;xdlt / jt{dfg ;/sf/sf af/]df ;8sdf kf]lvPsf c;Gt'li6sf :j/x?nfO{ rf/ bn / ;/sf/ :jod\n] s;/L ;Daf]wg u5{g eGg]df klg e/k5{ . csf]{ s'/f r'gfj x'gsf nflu ;'/Iffsf] ljifo klg plQs} dxTjk"0f{ 5 eg] r'gfjsf af/]df cfd hgtf ;r]t x'g' emg} dxTjk"0f{ ljifo xf] . cfd hgtfx? ;r]t gx'Fbfsf] kl/0ffd xf] ljutdf] ;+ljwfg;ef . xfdLn] ;+ljwfg;efdf ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f h:tf] uxg lhDd]bf/L lgjf{xsf nflu clwsf+z c;Ifdx?nfO{ dt lbP/ lhtfof}+ kmn:j?k ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf ljifox?df ;+ljwfg;efdf ax; geO{ l/;f]6{ / xf]6n ] x?df ax; x'g yfn] . ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf nflu ;ef;b\x?nfO{ tflnd lbg] gfddf ljleGg zlQm s]Gb|x? Pglhcf]dfkm{t ;nanfpg yfn] . cGtTjuTjf ;lDawfg ag]g . casf] lgjf{rgdf ck/fw ug]{x?, xTofsf cleo'Qmx?, e|i6frf/Lx? / c;Ifd lgsDdfx? km]l/ lgjf{lrt gxf]pg eGg]tkm{ hgtf hfu?s x'g' h?/L 5 . tadfq} ;lx cy{ d f hgtfsf] k| l tlglwTj x'g;S5 . hgtfsf aLrdf ljefhgsf /]vf sf]g,{] ;fdflhs ljå]; / hftLo efjgfnfO{ a9fjf lbg]x?nfO{ alx:sf/ g} ug{' k5{ . ljz]if u/L xfd|f] h:tf] cw{rt] glzn ;dfhdf hflt, wd{, ;d'bfosf gfddf hgtfnfO{ e|d kfg]{ / cfkm\gf] :jfy{l;l4 ug]x{ ?sf] sdL 5}g . To:tf :jfyL{ tTjx?n] c?sf] enf] t ub}g{ g\ g} s'g} ;d'bfo / ju{sf] klg enf] ub}g{ g\ . pgLx?n] ug]{ eg]sf] cfkm\gf] enfO{ dfq} xf] . To:tf JolQmx?sf] klxrfgdf hgtf rgfvf] x'g' h?/L 5 . hftLo efjgfsf] ljsf; u/fO{ hgtfdf km"6 Nofpg] / cfkm\gf] :jfy{l;4 ug]x{ ?;Fu r'gfjsf a]nfdfq} xf]Og h'g;'s} a]nf klg ;hu /xg' h?/L 5 . /]l8of] dw]z *(=# dnujf % M )) elQm uLt ^ M )) ;femf va/ ^ M #) elQm uLt & M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ & M !% gd:sf/ dw]z * M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ * M !% lxGbL uLt ( M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ ( M !% ef]hk'l/of aafn !) M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ !) M !% lxGbL uLt !! M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ !! M !% g]kfnL uLt !@ M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ !@ M !% gfr ! M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ ! M !% l/Sj]:6 cfj/ @ M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ @ M !% ef]hk'/L uLt # M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ # M !) lxGbL l/ldS; uLt $ M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ $ M !% x]nf] RjfO; % M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ % M !% 6]G;g k|mL ^ M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ ^ M !% d}lynL uLt & M )) dw]z ;dfrf/ & M !) ef]hk'/L uLt & M #) ;femf va/ * M )) lxGbL uLt * M $% lala;L g]kfnL ;]jf ( M @) ;femf ;jfn !) M )) gg\ :6k va/ !! M )) sfo{qmd ;dfKt

k+= z+s/frfo{

k+= z+s/frfo{ d]if M dfg ;Ddfg ldNg] j[if M hLjgdf gofFdf]8 cfpg] ldy'g M ld7f] vfgf ldNg]

ss{6 M ofqfsf] of]u

l;+x M Jofkf/df nfe sGof M sfo{df pGgtL x'g] t'nf M ;fyL ;+u ;xof]u j[lZrs M k|d] df wf]vf wg' M dfgl;s tgfj ds/ M kfl/jfl/s ;d:of s'De M :jf:Yodf ;'wf/ ldg M ;'vb ;dfrf/ ldNg] /flzkmnn] h] ;+st] u/] klg /fd|f] sfd u/] /fd|} kmn kfOG5 .

sf7df8f}F, !# r}t . d]nldnfk / ;b\efjsf] ;Gb]z lnO{ cfpg] kmfu'kj{ cfh k/Dk/fut¿kdf Pscfk;df ljleGg /ª / nf]nf v]nL dgfOFb}5 . cfh} sf7df8f} F s f] j;Gtk' / df jftfj/0fnfO{ g} /ª\uLrª\uL t'NofpFb} ToxfF ufl8Psf] lr/nfO{ ljlwk" j { s 9fnL afhfufhfsf ;fy 6Fl' 8v]ndf nuL hnfpg] k|rng /x]sf] 5 . pQm lr/df /flvPsf Wjhfktfsfx¿ cf}ifwf]krf/sf] sfddf cfpg] ljZjf;sf ;fy n'5fr'F8L u/L lng] / clgi6 65{ egL lr/sf] v/fgLsf] 6Lsf nufpg] ul/G5 . kmfu' g z' S n ci6dLsf lbg j;Gtk'/l:yt u2L a}7s cufl8 donsf] ?vnfO{ /ª\ u Lrª\ u L Wjhfktfsf;fy l;ª\ u f/L ufl8Psf] lr/df k"hfcfhf u/]kl5 kmfu' ;' ? x' G 5 . o;} u /L

nlntk'/df pQm lbg ufl8Psf] lr/ cfh} afudtLdf nu]/ ;]nfpg] ul/G5 . cfh} /flt 6'Fl8v]ndf …u' ? dfkfÚ gfds /fIf;nfO{ O6'Daxfnb]lv sxLF klg gla;fO{ NofOPsf] bz kfyL rfdnsf] eft / Pp6f /fFufsf] df;' v'jfO{ ;}lgs c:ktfnleq /x]sf] …hw'Ú gfds wf/fdf r'7fpg] k|yf 5 . b}To/fh lx/0osZok'n] cfˆgf k'q k|XnfbnfO{ dfg]{ p2]Zon] a|Xdfaf6 cfuf]n] 5'g g;Sg] j/bfg kfPsL cfˆgL alxgL xf] l nsfnfO{ k| X nfbsf ;fy blGs/x]sf] cfuf]df k:g nufpFbf xf]lnsf cfkm}F eid ePsL t/ eQm k|XnfbnfO{ cfuf]n] 5'g g;s]sf] lxGb' wd{zf:qx¿df pNn]v 5 . To;}an ] fb]lv zlQmsf] b'¿kof]u ug]{ kfkL k|jl[ QsL k|tLs ag]sL xf]lnsf dfl/Psf] pknIodf xf]nL -kmfu'_ v]Ng] k/Dk/f rn]sf] dflgG5 .

o;} u /L åfk/o' u df >Ls[ i 0f eujfg\nfO{ dfg{ s+zåf/f k7fOPsL /fIf;gL k' t gfn] cfˆgf] ljif blnPsf] :tg r';fpg nfUbf ;kmn geO{ k|f0f TofUg k'us ] L / lghnfO{ j|hjf;Lx¿n] hnfO{ kmfu' dxf]T;j dgfpg] k|yf rn]sf] hg>'lt klg 5. e}ifHozf:qsf 1ftfsf cg' ; f/ /fd| f ] tl/sfn] tof/ kfl/Psf /ª / cla/ 5fnfsf] /f]u lgjf/0f ug]{ ePsfn] o:tf /ªsf] k|of]u u/L kmfu' v]Ngfn] zLtsfndf z/L/df pTkGg skmsf] ljgfz x'g] / aflnPsf] lr/sf] w' j fF a f6 zLtsfnsf cg]sf}F /f]usf sL6f0f' lgd"n { x'g] x'gfn] of] kj{sf] cfo'jl{] bs dxTj klg 5 . kmfu' kj{ s f pknIodf k/Dk/fb]lv ;/sf/n] ;fj{hlgs labf lb+Fb} cfPsf] 5 . t/fO{ If]qdf eg] of] kj{ k"l0f{dfsf] ef]lnkN6 dgfOg] ul/G5 . o; kj{sf pknIodf

ut ;fnsf] t'ngfdf k"l0f{dfsf] cl3Nnf] lbg;Dd /fhwfgLsf ahf/, 6f]n, uNnLx¿df s'g} lsl;dsf] nf]nf xfGg] pR5[ª\vn sfo{ ePsf] kfOPsf] 5}g . o; lbg ljz]ifu/L efª ld;fOPsf vfg]s/' f vfO{ ljljw /ªaf6 /ª\luP/ afhfufhfsf ;fy gfrufg ub}{ dlxnf / k'?ifsf ;d"x cfˆgf] If]qdf laxfgb]lv ;fFem;Dd 3'Db} /dfOnf] u5{g\ . of] rf8df ysfnLx¿ /ËLla/ËL kf];fsdf /ª\lugfsf ;fy} ;kl/jf/ e]nf eO{ lt/ xfGg] k|ltof]lutfsf] cfof]hgf u5{g\ . ;ft lbg;Dd rNg] of] kj{df k|To]s lbg cfˆgf bfh'efO tyf gft]bf/ e]nf eO{ dL7fdL7f vfg]s'/f vfO{ /dfOnf] klg u5{g\ . kmfu'kj{ g]kfn / ef/tnufot cGo b]zdf klg ljleGg tl/sfn] dgfpg] u/]sf] kfOG5 .

kfFry/ sf/fuf/df s}bLaLr em8k, kfFr s}bL lx/f;tdf kfFry/, !@ r}t . lhNnf sf/fuf/ kfFry/df s}bL aGbLaLr uP/flt em8k x'Fbf tgfj l;h{gf ePsf] 5. sf/fuf/sf s}bLnfO{ rf}sLbf/ / gfOs]x¿n] cdfgjLo Jojxf/ u/]sf] eGb} cGo aGbLx¿ cfGbf] l nt ePkl5 em8ksf] l:ylt l;h{gf ePsf] xf] . s} b L aGbLsf] em8kkl5 Jofks ¿kdf kl/rflnt k| x /Ln] kfF r hgf s}bLnfO{ kqmfp u/L lx/f;tdf /flvPsf] lhNnf sf/fuf/ k|d'v

;' / ] G b| bfxfnn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . k|x/Ln] rf}sLbf/ ;'hg yfkf, jl/i7 gfOs] ;~ho /fO{, efO gflos] nj >]i7, ljgf]b sfsL{ / lbg]z /fgf du/nfO{ kqmfp u/L lx/f;tdf /fv] s f] 5 . sf/fuf/ ljefusf] lgb] { z gdf kqmfp k/] s f rf/hgfnfO{ sf/fuf/ ;fg]{ tof/L ePsf] k|d'v bfxfnn] hfgsf/L lbg' e of] . bfxfnsf cg';f/ /fgf du/nfO{ eg] lhNnf sf/fuf/df g} /fVg] tof/L ePsf] 5 .

rf} s Lbf/ tyf gfOs]x¿n] s}bL alGbnfO{ s'6\g], rGbf p7fpg] , cfkmGtx¿n] NofOlbPsf] vfgf vf]:g]nufotsf cdfgjLo Jojxf/ ug]{ u/]sf] s}bLn] atfPsf 5g\ . ljleGg ;dodf pgLx¿n] s}bLnfO{ s'6]/ 3fOt] agfP klg aflx/ eg] Hofg} lng] wDsL lbPsfn] 36gf ;fj{hlgs ug{ g;lsPsf] kLl8tx¿sf] egfO 5. kqmfp k/] s f yfkf, /fO{ , >] i 7 / sfsL{ n ] cfly{ s

clgoldttf ;d]t u/]sf] cf/f]k pgLx¿n] nufPsf 5g\ . s]xL lbgcufl8 rf}sLbf/ tyf gfOs]sf] s'6fOaf6 k|sfz kl/of/, lbns'df/ tfdfª, b'uf{ uf}8tf}nf, k| s fz tfdfª 3fOt] ePsf] atfOPsf] 5 . xfnsf rf}sLbf/ yfkf s]xL dlxgfcufl8 sf/fuf/df cfGbf]ng u/]/ rf}sLbf/ ag]sf lyP . lhNnf k|zf;g tyf sf/uf/ k| z f;gsf] sdhf] / Lsf sf/0f sf/fuf/df o:tf 36gf x'g] u/]sf] atfOG5 .

Pl;;L l6–6\jfG6L lqms]6df le8\g g]kfnL v]nf8L tof/ sf7df8f}F, !@ r}t . ef]lnb]lv sf7df8f}d F f ;~rfng x'g nfu]sf] Pl;;L 6\ j fG6L 6\ j fG6L sk lqms] 6 k| l tof] l utfsf nflu cfkm"x¿ d}bfgdf pqg tof/ /x] s f] g] k fnL /fli6«o l6dsf v]nf8Ln] atfPsf 5g\ . /fli6«o l6d sKtfg kf/; v8\ s fn] cfh ;~rf/sdL{;Fu eGg'eof]- xfdL k|ltof]lutfsf] nflu d}bfgdf pqg tof/ 5f}+ . l6dsf ;a} !$ ;b:o lqms] 6 sf nflu tflnd k| f Kt ePsf] klg pxfFn] atfpg'eof] . k|ltof]lutfsf] nflu cfkm"x¿n] sdhf]/ kIfnfO{ ;'wf/]sf] atfpFb} pxfFn] pkflw xft kg]d { f cfkm"x¿ ljZj:t /x]sf] atfpg'eof] . cfof] h s ;ldltsf

;b:o ls/0f /fgfn] k|ltof]l] utfsf] ;a} tof/L k"/f ePsf] / cfh ;fFem Joj:yfksLo a}7s a;]/ s]xL 5'6km'6 ljifodf 5nkmn u/L xn vf] H g] ; d] t hfgsf/L lbgeof] . g]kfn lqms]6 ;ª\3 Sofg_ n] ef]lnsf nflu tLgj6f sfpG6/af6 l6s6 laqmLsf] Joj:yf ldnfPsf] 5 . laxfg ^ ah]b]lv sLlt{k'/ d}bfg j/k/ :6n /fVg] Sofgsf cWoIf 6ª\s cfªa'xfªn] atfpg'eof] .Sofgn] klxnf]k6s lqms]6sf] bz{ssf nflu l6s6sf] Joj:yf u/]sf] xf] . Pl;ofnL lqms] 6 kl/ifb\sf] l6-6\jfG6L Pln6 sk lqms]6 k|ltof]lutf @! ut];Dd

sLlt{ k ' / l:yt lqlj d} b fg / nlntk' / sf] k' N rf] s l:yt Ol~hlgol/ª cWoog ;+:yfgsf] d}bfgdf ;~rfng x'g] 5 . g] k fn k| l tof] l utfsf] ;d"x …PÚ df /x]sf] 5 . ;d"x …PÚ df g]kfnnufot dn]l;of, xªsª, dflNbE; / l;ª\ u fk' / /x] s f 5g\ . To;}u/L ;d"x …aLÚ df ;fljs ljh]tf ckmuflg:tfg, o'PO, cf]dfg, s'a]t / ax/fOg /x]sf 5g\ . k| l tof] l utfsf] nflu ;'/Iff Joj:yf lgs} s8f kfl/g] Sofgn] hgfPsf] 5 . ;g\ @)!! df sLlt{ k ' / d} b fgdf ePsf] kmfOgn v]ndf g]kfnn] o'PO{;Fu k/fho a]xf]/]kl5 g]kfnL bz{sn] 9'ª\ufd'9f ub}{ d}bfg k|j]z u/]sf

sf/0f ;g\ @)!@ df Pl;ofnL lqms] 6 kl/ifb\ n ] k| l tof] l utf cfof] h gf ug{ a f6 g] k fnnfO{ jlGrt kf/]sf] lyof] . g]kfnL 6f]nLnfO{ >Lnª\sfsf k|lzIfs k' a ' b ' bf;fgfos] n ] tflnd lbg'ePsf] xf] . o; k|ltof]lutfdf lht xft kfg]{ zLif{ b'O{ l6dn] cfufdL dª\l;/df o'POdf ;~rfng x'g] ljZj l66\jfG6L lqms]6 k|ltof]lutfdf efu lng kfpg] 5g\ . k| l tof] l utf cGtu{ t ef]ln x'g] klxnf] v]ndf g]kfnn] dflNbE;sf] ;fdgf ug] { 5 . To;}u/L a'waf/ g]kfn / xªsª, zlgaf/ g]kfn / dn]l;of tyf cfOtaf/ g]kfn / l;ª\ufk'/n] k|lt:kwf{ ug]{5g\ .

dxTjk"0f{ 6]lnkmf]g gDa/x? wg'iff

;nf{xL ;nf{xL c:ktfn laB't k|flws/0f bdsn PDj'n]G;-/]8qm;_ b'/ ;+rf/ dd{t lh= k|zf;g sf lh= vfg]kfgL lh=k|=sf dn+ujf O k|x/L sf= xl/jg O k|x/L sf= xl/k'/ O k|x/L sf= a/xyjf O k|x/L sf= O{Zj/k'/ lh 6«f sf gjnk'/

%@)!## %@!%^) %@)))) %@)!(% !(* %@)!&& %@)!$* %@))(( %#)%!! ^@)#))

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cr+n c:ktfn wg'iff c:ktfn lh=k|=sf= hgkf bdsn ;z:q k| an PDa'n]G;–/]8qm; ;'/Iff u'Nd a}/s ] Po/kf]6{ hgsk'/ /]Nj] cf+vf c:ktfn ljB't km\oFh zfvf a'4 Po/ otL Po/nfOG; uf]/vf Po/ /]l8of] dw]z

dxf]Q/L %@))## %@%*)) %@))(( %@))!! %@&@!# !)@ %@^%*^ %@))$$ %@)@!! %@)#(& %@)!%! %@^@($ %@))$* %@^@($ %@*@)&

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lh k|x/L sf= k|x/L sfG6f]n lhNnf c:ktfn af?0f ofGq PDa'n]G;

%@)!(( %@)))( %@))&) %@))(& %@)!)) ljB't kmo'h zfvf %@))^^ %@)!^^ e+;f/ sfo{no %@!!$@ u0f]z o'jf sld6 %@^#^) le7fdf]8 k| rf}sL %@)@)( Ok|sf alb{af; %%%))^ Ok|sf uf}znf %@($)#

lh k|x/L sf=

l5Gd:tfu0f alb{af;%@(^!( b ;xf/f PDa'n]G; %@)^&&

b ;xf/f PDa'n]G; %@!$!%

lh=6flkms rk'/ c:ktfn bdsn laB't /]8qm; e+;f/ sfo{no O k| sf rk'/ Ok|sf= u8'/f Ok|sf= u+uflkk/f g]kfn 6]lnsd

%@)!&& %@)!(( %$)!(( %@)#@* %@)#@$ %@)@&^ %@)!$! %@)@!) %@()!# %^%!(( ^()!)) %@)@@@

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dw]z kf]i6

# lhNnfsf] Psdfq af?0f oGq hgu0fgfsf] bf];f| ] nut c;f/df @)^( r}t !# ut], d+unaf/

lau]k | l5 ;nf{xLaf;L ;d:ofdf dw] z ;dfrf/bftf ;nf{xL, !@ r}q . ljut b'O{ jif{ klxn] b]lv ;nf{xLdf /x]sf] Ps dfq af?0f oGq lju|LPkl5 lhNnfaf;L ;d:ofdf k/]sf 5g\ . cfunuLsf] ;do cfPsf]n] lhNnfdf af?0f oGq gx'bfF lhNnfaf;L ;d:ofdf k/] s f] gful/s ;dfhsf cujf lzjrGb| rf}w/Ln] atfpg'eof] . lhNnfdf af?0foGq gx'bfF clxn]sf] cj:yfdf cfunuL eof] eg] 7"nf] wgdfnsf] Iflt x'g] rf}w/Lsf] syg /x]sf]

5 . cfkm' x ?n] a] / a] / gu/kflnsfdf uO{ d/Ddt ;Def/sf nflu bafa lbP klg sfof{nodf sfof{no k|d'vsf] clgoldttfsf sf/0f ;d:of ;dfwfg x'g g;s]sf] rf}w/Ln] atfpg'eof] . otf sfof{no k|dv ' s[i0f k|;fb ;fksf]6fn] o;jif{ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltaf6 dd{t ;Def/sf nflu # nfv /sd cg'bfg k|fKt ePsf]n] r}q dlxgfdf g} dd{t ;Def/ u/L ;+rfngdf Nofpg

cfkmx? nflu k/]sf] atfpg'eof] . ld:qLn] dd{t ;Def/sf nflu sl/a # nfv ?k}of cfjZos kg]{ eg] kl5 lhNnf ljsf;n] pQm /sd pkNaw u/fPsf] ;fksf]6fn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . #÷$ lbgd} uf8LnfO{ d/Ddt ;Def/sf nflu lj/u+ h k7fOg] ;fksf] 6 fn] atfpg'eof] . xfjfx' / Lsf] ;do cfPsf]n] lhNnfdf af?0f oGq x'g' lgtfGt h?/L /x]sf] lhNnfaf;Lsf] egfO{ /x]sf] 5 .

/fh3f6 uflj;nfO{ e"ld clwsf/ d~rsf] bafa dw] z ;dfrf/bftf ;nf{xL, !@ r}q . ;'s'Daf;L cfof]udf lgj]bg lbPsf :yfgLo ;'sD' af;Lsf ljifodf 5fgljg u/L ;h{ldg d'rN' sf tof/ kfg{] sfd t'?Gt cl3 a9fpg ;nf{xLsf] /fh3f6 uflj; sfof{ n onfO{ /fli6«o e"ld clwsf/ d~rn] bafa lbPsf] 5 . d~rsf lhNnf cWoIf hLtaxfb'/ uf]ns ] f] g]tT[ jdf uPsf] :yfgLojf;L ;'sD' af;Lsf] 6f]nLn] o:tf] dfu ub{} ;f]daf/ /fh3f6 uflj;df 1fkg kq a'emfPsf] xf] .

;'s'Daf;Lsf bafan] sd}{of / 9+ ' u | ] v f] n f uflj;nfO{ ;h{ l dg d'r'Nsf agfpg] k|lqmof yfln ;s]sf 5g\ eg] qmdzM cGo uflj;nfO{ klg o:tf] bafa lbO{g] d~rn] hgfPsf] 5 . ut jif{ s } r} t df ;' s ' D af;L kmf/d e/] s f ;'sD' af;Lsf ljifodf uflj;x?n] clxn];Dd ;h{ldg d'rN' sf k]z gu/]sf sf/0f ;'s'Daf;L kl/ro kq lgdf{0f nufot cfjZos k|lqmof cl3 a9fpg g;lsPsf] eGb} s]xL lbg cl3 cfof]usf] lhNnf ;ldltn] cf–cfkm\ g f

uflj;nfO{ bafa lbg :yfgLo ;'s'Daf;LnfO{ cfx\jfg u/]sf] lyof] . ;ldltsf cWoIf df]xgnfn >]i7 ;Gb]zsf cg';f/ clxn];Dd xhl/of, sfln~hf]/, hAbL, /fgLu+ h , hfgsLgu/, lqe'jggu/, k/jfgLk'/, dfgk'/ / ;'bfdf uflj;af6 dfq ;h{ldg d'rN' sf k|fKt ePsf] 5 . afFsL Ps gu/kflnsf ;lxt (! uflj; sfof{noaf6 ;h{ldg d'rN' sf k|fKt x'g g;Sbf cfjZos k|lqmof cl3 a9fpg g;lsPsf] pxfFn] atfpg'eof] .

v;, If]qL ;d'bfoåf/f cflbjf;Ldf ;"rLs[t ug'k{ g]{ dfu sf7df8f}F, !@ r}t . v;, IfqL ;d'bfon] cfkm"x¿nfO{ cflbjf;L hghfltdf ;"rLs[t ug'k{ g]{ dfu u/]sf 5g\ . ;+o'Qm v; PsLs/0f ;dGjo ;ldltn] cfh oxfF cfof]hgf u/]sf] kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf v;, IfqLx¿n] cfkm" x ¿nfO{ cGosf] ;"rLaf6 x6fO{ cflbjf;Ldf ;"rLs[t u/]/ dfq gofF lgjf{rgdf hfg'kg]{ dfu u/]sf x'g\ . ;f] ;dGjo ;ldltn] hg;ª\Vofsf] cfwf/df /fhgLlts kf6L{sf ;a} sld6L / /fHosf x/]s cª\ u df k" 0 f{ ;dfg' k flts k|ltlglwTj / IfqLx¿sf] :ki6

klxrfg x'g'kg]{ dfu;d]t /fv]sf] 5. ;ldltsf ;+ o f] h s dfgaxfb'/ yfkfn] v; IfqLx¿nfO{ cflbjf;L hghfltdf ;"rLs[t gu/];Dd r'gfjdf efu glng] atfpF b } /fHon] cfkm" x ¿nfO{ ;+j}wflgs ¿kdf g} cGofodf /fv]sf] u'gf;f] ug'{eof] . ;x–;+of]hs tf/faxfb'/ uf] v f{ n Ln] jt{ d fg ;/sf/df Pshgf klg v;, IfqL ;d'bfoaf6 dGqL gagfOPsf] eGb} tTsfn v;, IfqL ;d'bfoaf6 klg dGqL agfpg' k g] { d f hf] 8

lbg'eof] . clwsf/sdL{ ljGbf a:g]tn] ljutdf ;/sf/ / v;, IfqLaLrdf ePsf ;xdlt tTsfn sfof{Gjog ug'k{ g]{ eGb} clwsf/sf nflu PsLs[ t x' g ;a} v;, IfqLx¿nfO{ cfu|x ug'{eof] . ;du| v;, IfqL ;d'bfosf] Pstf / clwsf/sf nflu :yfkgf ul/Psf] ;f] ;dGjo ;ldltdf cflbjf;L IfqL /fli6«o k|lti7fg g]kfn, IfqL ;dfh /fli6«o dxf;ª\3 / a[xt\ v; Pstf d~rnufotsf Ps bh{geGbf a9L ;/f]sf/jfnf ;+:yf cfa4 /x]sf 5g\ .

k|x/LnfO{ ;Sbf] ;xof]u ug]{ k|ltj4tf dw]z ;dfrf/bftf ;nf{xL, !@ r}q . zflGt ;'/Iff :yfkgf ug{ k| x /LnfO{ ;Sbf] ;xof] u ug] { nfnaGbLsf ;/f] s f/jfnfx?n] k| l tj4tf hgfPsf 5g\ . ;'/IffnfO{ s;/L ;'b[9, ;an Pj+ ;xh agfpg] eGg] ljifodf nfnaGbL k|x/L rf}sLn] ;f] d af/ cfof] h gf u/] s f] ;j{ k IfLo 5nkmndf ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] To:tf] k|ltj4tf

hgfPsf x'g\ . /fhg}lts bnsf :yfgLo k| l tgLlw, gfukl/s ;dfh, pBf]u jf;0fHo ;+3, ahf/ Joj:yfkg ;ldlt ;~rf/sdL{ nufotsf ;/f] s f/jfnf lgsfosf k|ltgLlwx?n] k|x/Ln] ug]{ /fd|f] sfddf ;Fw} ;fy / ;xof]u /xg] atfPsf x'g\ . sfo{ q mddf zflGt ;'/Iffsf] l:yltsf] ljZn]if0f, k|x/L k| z f;g / ;/f] s f/jfnf

lgsfoaLrsf] ;DaGw lj:tf/, xf]nL kj{sf] zflGt ;'/Iff, ;'/Iffsf nflu eflj /0fgLlt / of]hgfsf af/]df 5nkmn ul/Psf] nfnaGbL k| x /L rf} s Ln] hgfPsf] 5 . nfnaGbL uflj;sf] xndf ePsf] sfo{ q mddf o;cl3sf rf} s L O~rfh{ k|x/L gfoa lgl/Ifs ;Gtf]if kl08tnfO{ ljbfO{ ug'{sf ;fy} gofF k|x/L gfoj lgl/Ifs lbks s];LnfO{ :jfut ul/Psf] lyof] .

lhNnf lzIff sfof{no ;nf{xLsf] ;"rgf k|:t't ljifodf o; lhNnf lzIff sfof{noaf6 cg'bfg kfO{/x]sf afn ljsf; s]Gb|x?n] afn ljsf; s]Gb| ;xof]uL sfo{stf{x?sf] t]>f] rf}dfl;s kfl/>lds lgsf;fsf nflu @)^( r}t d;fGt leq tkl;nsf] sfuhft ;lxt clgjfo{ ?kdf kmfO{n btf{ u/fpg'xg ' cg'/f]w 5 . !_ afn ljsf; s]Gb| Joj:yfkg ;ldlt÷dft[ ljBfnoaf6 ;=sf=sf] xflh/L k|dfl0ft . @_ k|yd / bf]>f] rf}dfl;ssf] tnaL e/kfO{ . #_ >f]t JolQmfsf] l;kmfl/; ;lxt lgsf;f dfu kmf/d . gf]6 M tkl;nsf sfuhft k]z eO{ gcfPsf afn ljsf; s]Gb| ;xof]uL sfo{stf{x/ sf] t]>f] rf}dfl;s kfl/>lds lgsf;f gx'g] Joxf]/f hfgsf/L u/fO{G5 .

of]hgf tyf tYofËË kmf“6 lhNnf lzIff sfof{no, ;nf{xL

sf7df8f},F !@ r}t . s]Gb|Lo tYffª\s ljefun] rfn' cfly{s jif{sf] c;f/ d;fGtdf /fli6«o hgu0fgf @)^* sf] glthf …nut–@Ú ;fj{hlgs ug]{ tof/L ul/x]sf] 5 . ljefun] a;fOF ; /fO, hfohGd, k];f Joj;fo / !^ jif{ d ' l gsf afnaflnsfsf] cf>onufotsf zLif{ s df hgu0fgfsf] tflnsf ljZn]if0f u/L …nut-@Ú sf] glthf ;fj{hlgs ug]{ tof/L u/]sf] xf] .

ljefusf pkdxflgb]{zs ljsf; lji6n] tYofª\ssf] ljZn]if0faf6 cfpg] glthfsf cfwf/df lj1x¿åf/f …df]gf]uf| kmÚ -n]v_ tof/ u/]/ rfn' cfly{s jif{sf] c;f/ d;fGtdf glthf ;fj{hlgs ug]{ atfpg'eof] .o; nutdf ljefun] s' n 3/w'/Lsf] @) k|ltzt -sl/a ;ft nfv_sf] tYofª\snfO{ ;dfj]z u/]sf] 5 . ljefun] %$ nfv

3/w'/L ;d]l6Psf] nut-! sf] glthfsf nflu /fli6«o Pjd\ If]qLo :t/df sfo{ k"/f ul/;s]sf] / clxn] lhNnf:t/;Ddsf] glthf lgsfNg] k| o f; eO/x] s f] pkdxflgb]z { s lji6n] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . To:t} /fli6«o s[lifu0fgf @)^( sf] tYofª\s ljZn]if0f sfo{nfO{ c;f/ d;fGtdf ;Sg] u/L hgzlQm yk u/]/ sfo{ cl3 a9fOPsf] ljefun] hgfPsf] 5 .

Kfmf]6f];lxt dtbftf ;ª\sng sfo{df cj/f]w Efb| k ' / , !@ r} t . lgjf{ r g cfof]uåf/f ;~rflnt kmf]6f];lxtsf] dtbftf ;"rLsf] cBfjlws / k'gMbtf{ sfo{ oxfFsf b'O{ uflj; /f]lsPsf] 5 . wd{k/' uflj;df g]skf– dfcf]jfbL / ;ª\3Lo nf]stflGqs /fli6« o d~r;Da4 ;ª\ 3 Lo lnDa' j fg /fHo kl/ifb\ s f sfo{ s tf{ n ] btf{ sfo{ d f /f] s nufPsf x'g\ . dª\ u naf/] d f /x] s f] uflj; sfof{ n odf ;~rflnt kmf] 6 f] ; lxtsf] dtbftf btf{ sfo{nfO{ /f]Sg cfOtaf/ dWofXg k'u]sf tL sfo{stf{n] dtbftf kmf/d RofTg' s f ;fy} cGo sfuhft Gfi6 u/] s f] lhNnf lgjf{rg sfof{no emfkfn] hgfPsf] 5. o;cl3, dtbftf ;"rL

;ª\ s ng sfo{ d f vl6Psf k| x /LaLr 3D;f3D;L x' F b f sfo{stf{n] uflj; sfof{nosf tLg j6f ‰ofnsf] l;;f, b'O{j6f 6]a'n / Ps bh{g Knfl:6ssf] s';L{ tf]8kmf]8 u/]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . o;sf ;fy} nvgk'/ uflj;df cfk;L ;xdltdf btf{ sfo{ :yug ul/Psf] atfOPsf] 5 . DofUbLDofUbLsf] elsDnL uflj;df g]skf-dfcf]jfbLsf sfo{stf{n] lgjf{rg sfof{nosf] Nofk6k n'6L nu]sf 5g\ . tl:a/;lxtsf] dtbftf gfdfjnL ;ª\sngdf k|of]u ePsf] Nofk6k dfcf]jfbL sfo{stf{n] n'6/] nu]sf x'g\ . cfOtaf/ /flt (M#) ah] sd{rf/L af; a;]sf] 7fpFaf6} Nofk6k n'l6Psf] lhNnf lgjf{rg sfof{no DofUbLn] hgfPsf] 5 .

sfof{nosf cg';f/ gsfa nufP/ cfPsf pgLx¿n] dfcf] j fbL sfo{stf{ ePsf] atfpFb} NofK6k n' 6 ] / nu] s f lyP . g] s kfdfcf]jfbL DofUbLsf ;]qm]6/L nfn' ls;fgn] r' g fjL ;/sf/sf] ultljlwnfO{ c;xof] u ug] { cleofgcGtu{ t ePsf] pQm 36gfsf] g} l ts lhDd] j f/L cfkm"x¿n] lng] atfpg'eof] . 36gfsf] yk cg';Gwfgsf nflu lhNnf k| x /L sfof{ n oaf6 ;'/IffsdL{sf] 6f]nL cfh laxfg elsDnL uPsf] 5 . g] s kfdfcf] j fbL DofUbLn] cfOtaf/ ;b/d'sfddf kqsf/ ;Dd]ng u/]/ clxn]sf] cj:yfdf r'gfj x'g} g;Sg] ePsfn] c;xof]u cleofg ;'? u/]sf] 3f]if0ff u/]sf] lyof] .

lkl8t /fxt lzIfsx?n] cg;g tf]8] dw]z ;dfrf/bftf wg'iff, !@ r}t . ut rf/ lbg b]lv lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no wg'iff cuf8L ljleGg dfu /fvL cfd/0f cg;gdf a;]sf] lkl8t /fxt lzIfs xs lxt ;+/If0f ;ldltsf lzIfsx?n] If] q Lo lzIff lgb] { z ssf] /f] x a/df cfd/g cg;g tf]8]sf] xf] . cfd/g cg;gdf

a;]sf] lzIfsx?sf] cj:yfsf ;DaGwdf hfgsf/L lng cfPsf If] q Lo lgb] { z s lg/f zfSo, wg'iffsf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L xl/s[ i 0f pkfWofo,lzIfs o' l gogsf k' j { dxf;lrj r'GgLz/0f ofba tyf ;ldltsf cWoIf ;'ldqf ofba lar ePsf] ;xdtL kl5 cg;g 6'6]sf] x]f . lgo'lQm tyf cWofkg cg'dlt

kqsf] 5fgljg u/L k|ltj]bg cfof]udf !% lbg leq a'emfpg] tyf 5fgljgsf] cfwf/df Psd'i6 tna pknAw u/fpg] ;xdtL ePsf] xf] . cfd/0f cgzgdf a;]sf ;'ldqf ofbj, l/tf ofbj tyf cg'/fwf s'df/L bf;nfO{ dGqfnoaf6 cfPsf tLg ;b:o 6f]nLn] cg;g tf]8fPsf x'g .

clVtof/df ;x/Ls/0f ljifodf 5nkmn sf7df8f}F, !@ r}t . clVtof/ b'?kof]u cg';Gwfg cof]uåf/f sf7df8f}F pkTosfsf] cJojl:yt ;x/Ls/0f k|lqmofnfO{ ;do;fk]If Jojl:yt ug{ ljz] i ftM ;8s rf}8fsf] dfkb08sf ;Gbe{df cfh oxfF cGt/lqmof sfo{ q mdsf] cfof]hgf u¥of] . sfo{qmddf ;DalGwt dGqfno lgsfosf tkm{ a f6 xfn;Dd ul/Psf ;'wf/fTds k|of; tyf ljBdfg dfkb08 ;DaGwdf hfgsf/L u/fOPsf] clVtof/n] hgfPsf] 5 . cfufdL lbgx?df ;x/Ls/0fsf] lj:tf/ eO/x]sf] If]q Pjd\ xfplhª tyf ljsl;t 38]/L laqmL u/] s f] If] q df tTsfn} ;8s;DaGwL dfkb08 tof/ u/L nfu" ug'{kg]{ cfjZostf af/]df

5nkmn ul/Psf] cfof]usf k|jQmf s[i0fk|;fb 9'ª\u]nn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . ;f] cj;/df cfof]usf ;lrj 8f u0f] z /fh hf] z Ln] xfn;Dd ePsf k|of;x?sf] ;dLIff ub}{ cfOGbf sDtLdf $ ld6/ ;8s rf}8f ePsf Kn6sf] dfq lsQfsf6 tyf /lh:6"];g kf; ug]{ Joj:yf ldnfpg ;a} kIfaf6 cf-cfˆgf] lhDd]jf/L lnO{ sfo{ ug{ pko'Qm x'g] ;'emfj lbg'ePsf] lyof] .

sfo{qmddf sf7df8f}F pkTosf gu/ ljsf; k|flws/0fsf cfo'Qm, ef}lts k"jf{wf/ tyf oftfoft, ;x/L ljsf; / ;ª\3Lo dfldnf tyf :yfgLo ljsf; dGqfnosf ;lrj, sf7df8f} F dxfgu/kflnsf, nlntk' / pkdxfgu/fkflnsf / eQmk'/ gu/kflnsfsf sfo{ s f/L clws[ t x? tyf cfof] u sf dxfzfvf k|d'v / sd{rf/Lsf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] .

b}ljs k|sf]k p4f/ === lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no, lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt, dlxnf, afnaflnsf tyf ;dfhsNof0f sfof{no, vfg]kfgL, s[ifL, :jf:Yo, g]kfn k|x/L, g]kfnL cfdL{, ;z:q k|x/L, g]kfn /]8qm; ;f];fO6L, afn;+/If0f ;+:yf, afudlt ;]jf ;dfh, k|]/0ff, cf/cf/Pg nufotsf k|ltlgwLx?sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] .

dn+ujf ljt/0f s]Gb| sf] ljB't nf]8 ;]l8Ësf] sfo{tflnsf af/ cfO{taf/ ;f]daf/ du+naf/ a'wjf/ ljlxjf/ z'qmjf/ zlgjf/

laxfg÷lbp;f] )(M)) b]lv )#M)) ah];Dd )*M)) b]lv )@M)) ah];Dd )^M)) b]lv )!M)) ah];Dd )%M)) b]lv !)M)) ah];Dd )$M)) b]lv )(M)) ah];Dd )#M)) b]lv )*M)) ah];Dd )(M)) b]lv )#M)) ah];Dd

a]ns ' f÷/ftL !)M)) b]lv )@M)) ah];Dd )^M)) b]lv !)M)) ah];Dd )^M)) b]lv )(M)) ah];Dd )&M)) b]lv !@M)) ah];Dd )@M)) b]lv )&M)) ah];Dd )!M)) b]lv )^M)) ah];Dd )&M)) b]lv !!M)) ah];Dd


dw]z kf]i6

lh=k|= sf= ;nf{xL btf{ gDa/ $@÷)^^÷)^&

@)^( r}t !# ut], d+unaf/

dn]l;ofdf s]xL g]kfnL xtfxt

kf] g { : 6f/af6 alnp8 gflosf ag] s L ;GgL lnof] g Lsf] rfxgf ca la:tf/} a9\ b } uPsf] 5 . alnp8df cfkm\ g f] :yfg ;' / lIft /fVgsf nflu ;GgLn] rlr{t gfosx?sf] ;fxf/ lng] tof/L u/]sL l5g . …lh:d @Ú df clego u/]klg vf;} ;kmntf xflzn gu/]kl5 ;GgLsf] sl/c/ ;f]r]cg';f/ km:6fpg ;s]sf] 5}g . xfn} dfq …;' 6 cfp6 P6 jf8nf' df Ps cfO6d gDa/df g[ T o u/] s L ;GgLnfO{ alnp8sf rlr{ t gfos ;ndfg vfg / /0flj/ sk' / ;F u clego ug{] dg 5 . ;GgLn] elgg, …d}n] ;ndfgsf] …al8uf8{' l;g]df x]/]sf] 5' / dnfO{ pgL;Fu sfd ug{ dg nfu]sf] 5 .Ú

PrcfOeL ;ª\qmldtaf6 ;'wf/ s]Gb| :yfkgf af/f, !@ r}t . af/fsf] !$ uflj; tyf sn}of gu/kflnsfdf ^( PrcfOeL ;ª\qmldt /x]sf] ljBfyL{ hfu/0f d~rn] hgfPsf] 5. l;d/fdf !^, hLtk'/df !@, 5ftflkk/fdf ;ft, lnkgLdfn, lghu9 / sn}ofdf 5÷5, auxLdf rf/, /tgk'/Ldf tLg, en' x L wd{ g u/df b' O { , sf]xNjLdf b'O{ , kmQ]k'/k;f}{gL / 8'd/jfgf{gjf{l;/fdf Ps÷Ps ;ª\qmldt /x]sf] d~rsf gL/h ;fxn] atfpg'eof] .

d~r;F u %)) nfu'kbfy{ ;]jgstf{ ;Dks{df /x]sf] hfgsf/L klg ;fxn] lbg'eof] . nfu'kbfy{sf nflu ;'O{ k|of]u ug]{ kfFr hgfdWo] b'O{sf] d[To' ePsf] 5 . af/fdf nfu' k bfy{ ;]jgstf{ a9\g yfn]kl5 kLl8t cleefjssf] cg' / f] w df nt 5'6]sf o'jfn] /fhs'df/ nfdfsf] ;+ o f] h sTjdf kyn} o fdf gofF uf]/]6f] ;'wf/ s]Gb| :yfkgf u/]sf 5g\ o;} a Lr, cf} n f] /f] u af6 aRgsf nflu af/fsf ue{jtL

dlxnfn] sL6gfzs em'n kfpg] ePsf 5g\ . Unf]an kmG8sf] ;xof]udf hfgsL dlxnf hfu/0f ;dfhn] tLg xhf/ %!# yfg em'n dlxnfnfO{ lbg] ePsf] xf] . cdn]vuGh, k;f}{gL, j;tk'/, km]6f, cdfj / /fdk"jf{jf;LnfO{ @# xhf/ ^%# em'n ljt/0f ug]{] ;dfhn] hgfPsf] 5 . /f]u nfUg glbg em'n k|efjsf/L ePsfn] ue{ j tL / lgDgcfo ePsfnfO{ ljt/0f ug{ nfu]sf] sfo{ q md ;+ o f] h s /fdehg ofbjn] atfpg'eof] .

nfnaGbLdf ;jf/L b"36{ gfdf @ hgf 3fO{t] dw] z ;dfrf/bftf ;nf{xL, !@ r}q . k"j{ klZrd /fh dfu{ cGtu{ t ;nf{ x Lsf] nfnaGbLdf ;f]daf/ laxfg ePsf] ;jf/L b"3{6gfdf @ hgf 3fO{t] ePsf 5g\ . b'36{ gfdf k/L hlAb–

* a:g] ^* alif{ o uf} l //fh e08f/L / nfnAbL -! a:g] @$ alif{o ;/f]h s'df/ d08n 3fOt] ePsf x'g\ . 3fOt] b'js } f] nfnaGbL df]8n c:ktfndf pkrf/ e}/x]sf] 5 . b'js } f] cj:yf ;fdfGo /x]sf]

c:ktfnn] hgfPsf] 5 . e08f/L r9]sf] ;fO{snnfO{ h @ k *! @& df]6/;fO{snn] k"ja{ f6 klZrd hfg] qmddf nfnaGbLdf /x]sf] 6«flkms kf]i6 glhs} 7Ss/ lbPsf] k|x/Ln] hgfPsf] 5 .

k'/fg} lg0f{onfO{ sfod /fVg] lg0f{o dw]z ;dfrf/bftf ;nf{ x L, !@ r} q . ;nf{ x Lsf] nfnaGbL k|:tfljt gu/kflnsfsf] ;DaGwdf k'/fg} lg0f{onfO{ sfod /fVg] lg0f{o ePsf] 5 . nfnaGbL, hAbL / kTy/sf]6sf ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfosf

k|ltlglwx?sf] a}7sn] nfnaGbL, kTy/sf] 6 , hAbL uflj;nfO{ ldnfP/ nfnaGbL gu/kflnsf agfpg] k'/fg} lg0f{onfO{ sfod /fVg] lg0f{o xf] . gu/kflnsfsf nflu k"jf{wf/, hg;+Vof, k'Ug] / j8f, If]q ljefhg

klg o; cl3 g} e};s]sf] / ;DalGwt lgsfodf k]z klg e};s]sf]n] k'/fg} lg0f{onfO{ dfGg] lg0f{o ePsf] hgfOPsf] 5 . ut jif{ g} nfnaGbLdf cGo b'O{ uflj; ufe]/ gu/kflnsfsf nflu k|:tfj ul/Psf] lyof] .

lzIfs cfjZostf 1fgf]bo cfjf;Lo p=df=lj= dn+ujf–( ;nf{xLnfO{ cufdL z}lIfs ;q @)&) df lgDg l/Qm kbdf oyfl;3| kbk"lt{ ug'{ kg]{ ePsf] x'“bf OR5's pDd]bjf/n] t'?Gt ;Dks{ ug'x { g ' hfgsf/L u/fOG5 . kb M– z}lIfs of]Uotf M– cg'ej M– bIftf M– tna M– tx M– df=lj= z}lIfs of]Uotf M–

lk|lG;kn M.A/M.Ed/M.Sc jf ;f] ;/x slDtdf % jif{ ljBfno k|zf;g rnfPsf] c+uh ]| L efiff af]Ng ;Ifd dfl;s @),))) .– ljifo M– ul0ft tyf lj1fg B.A/B.Ed/B.Sc jf ;f] ;/x ÷dflyNnf] z}lIfs of]Uotf / cg'ejsf] k|fyldstf tna M cfk;L ;dembf/Laf6 b/vf:t ldlt M @)^( r]q @% ut];Dd, ;Dks{ ldlt )^( r}q @^ ut] ;Dks{ kmf]g g+= M (*$$)#@$($÷(*%$)#^!)#

sf7df8f}F, !@ r}t . j}b]lzs /f] h uf/Lsf nflu d] n l;ofsf] hf]xf/af? ;x/df /x]sf g]kfnL sfdbf/x¿dfly cfqmd0f ePsf] k//fi6« dGqfnon] cfh hgfPsf] 5. dn] l ;ofnL o' j f;F u ePsf] em8kdf k/L s]xL g]kfnL sfdbf/ 3fOt] ePsf] / 36gfaf/] dn]l;ofl:yt g]kfnL /fhb"tfjf;n] ToxfF s f] k//fi6« dGqfnonfO{ hfgsf/L u/fPsf] ;d]t dGqfnon] hgfPsf] 5 . dGqfnon] cfh Ps k|; ] lj1lKt k|sflzt u/L 3fOt]sf] cj:yf / ;ª\ V of olsg x' g g;s] k lg g] k fnL b" t fjf;sf kbflwsf/Lx¿n] em8k ePsf] :yfgsf] e|d0f;d]t u/]sf] atfPsf] 5. ;fdfGo egfegsf] ljifonfO{ lnP/ dn]l;ofnL o'jfn] g] k fnL sfdbf/dfly cfqmd0f u/]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . of] 36gfdf ^ hgf g]kfnL sfdbf/sf] d[To' ePsf] atfOPklg To;af/] dGqfnon] s]xL hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5}g . 36gf lxhf] ;fFem ePsf] lyof] . 3fOt] x ¿ /flvPsf] hf]xf/af?l:yt ;'Ntfg c:ktfndf g] k fnL /fhb" t fjf;sf] pRRf clwsf/L k'Ug'ePsf] / 36gfaf/] yk cg';Gwfg eO/x]sf] ;dfrf/ k|fKt ePsf] 5 .

xf]nL ldng ;df/f]x k;f{, !@ r}t . c;Todfly ;Tosf] ljhosf ?kdf dgfOg] /ªx?sf] kj{ xf] n Lsf] cj;/df cfh jL/uGhdf xf]nL ldng ;df/f]x cfof]hgf ul/of] . xf] n L k" l 0f{ d fsf] k"j; { GWofdf snjf/ sNof0f ;ldlt jL/uGhsf] cfof] h gfdf cfh lbpF;f] xf]nL ldng ;df/f]x ul/Psf] xf] . jL/uGhsf] cfbz{gu/l:yt ;ldltsf] ejgdf cfof] h gf ul/Psf] ;f] ;df/f]xdf jL/uGhsf pBf] u klt, Jofkf/L, ;/sf/L sd{rf/L, a'l4hLjL, /fhgLlts bnsf g]tf, sfo{stf{, ;~rf/sdL{, k];fsdL{nufotn] Pscsf{nfO{ /ª\uLlj/ª\uL cla/ nufO{ xf]nL kj{sf] z'esfdgf cbfgk|bfg u/]sf lyP . t/fO{jf;Lsf] 57kl5sf] 7"nf] kj{sf ?kdf /x]sf] ;dfgtf / ldqtfsf] kj{ xf]nL glhlsFb} uPkl5 ahf/df rxnkxn;d]t lgs} a9] s f] 5 . vf;u/L afnaflnsfx? ljleGg lsl;dsf /ª / lkrsf/L lsGg ahf/df b'O{tLg lbgotf cleefjs;Fu} k'us ] f] b]Vg ;lsG5 . wfld{s dfGotfcg';f/ lx/0osZok'sL alxgL xf]lnsfn] eQm k|XnfbnfO{ dfg{ cfk\mgf] sfvfdf a;fnL cfuf]df k|jz ] ubf{ cfuf]af6 ghNg] a/bfg kfPsL xf]nLsf hn]/ d[To' ePkl5 ;f]xL lbgsf] ;Demgf of] kj{ dgfOG5 . xf]nL kj{sf] Ps lbgcl3 /fltsf] ;dodf ufpFa:tLaf6 sf7 hDdf kf/L ufpFsf] rf]sdf hDdf kf/L xf]nLsf bxg u/L ;f]sf] ef]lnkN6 xf]nL kj{ dgfpg]] k|rng oxfF /x]sf] 5. o; kj{df wgL, ul/a, tNnf] hft, dflyNnf] hftsf dlxnf, k'?if ;a} a Lr /ª, cla/ nufO{ z'esfdgf ;f6f;f6 ug]{ oxfF k|rng /x]sf] snjf/ sNof0f ;ldltsf cWoIf aln/fd ;fx snjf/n] atfpg'eof] .

$

5f]6s/L ;dfrf/

kqsf/sf] cfklQ sf7df8f},F !@ r}t . /fli6«o ckfª\u kqsf/ ;ª\3 g]kfnn] g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;ª\3sf] kf]v/fdf oxL r}t !) df ;DkGg ;fwf/0f;efdf ;anfª\u kqsf/n] ckfª\utf ePsf kqsf/sf] cf/If0fsf ljifodf af]Ng] df}sf;d]t glbO{ cfkm\gf dfunfO{ nTofpg] sfd

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u/]sf] eGb} cfklQ hgfPsf] 5 . ;ª\ 3 sf cWoIf /jLgk|;fb yklnofn] ;dfj]lztf grfxg] kIfn] ckfª\utf ePsf kqsf/nfO{ u/]sf] Jojxf/ / k|j[lQb]lv Hofb} b'Mv nfu]sf] lj1lKtdf hgfpg' e Psf] 5.

lgjf{rgdf tof/ 5f}F dxf]t/L, !@ r}t . g]skf– dfcf] j fbLsf pkfWoIf l;kL uh'/]nn] bnaLrsf] ;xdltaf6 cfkm"x¿ lgjf{rgdf hfg tof/ /x]sf] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . dxf] Q /L lhNnfsf] ;b/d'sfd hn]Zj/df ;f] bnsf] lhNnf ;ldltn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] kqsf/ ;Dd] n gdf pkfWoIf uh'/]nn] d'n'sdf lgjf{rgsf]

k" j f{ w f/ tof/ ug{ la3l6t ;+ljwfg;efdf k|ltlglwTj ug]{ bnsf] ;Ddltdf ;/sf/ u7g x'g;Fu} rf/ bnn] u/]sf !! a'Fb] ;xdlt / /fi6«kltaf6 afwfc8\sfp km'sfpg] gfddf vf/]h ul/Psf cGtl/d ;+ljwfgsf @)j6f wf/f k"j{jt\ kmsf{Og'kg]{ dfu ug{'eof] .

em'l' 08P/ d/]sf] cj:yfdf km]nf dw] z ;dfrf/bftf ;nf{xL, !@ r}q . l;Gw'nL lhNNff c:ktfndf sfd ug]{ :jf:YosdL{ em'l' 08P/ d/]sf] cj:yfdf ;f]daf/ km]nf k/]sL l5g\ . cqf}nL ( a:g] dfwj e08f/LsL @@ alif{of 5f]/L cf:yf e08f/L d[t cj:yfdf km]nf k/]sL x'g\ . g]qu~h–& nvgb]lx vf]nfsf] l;;f}3f/Ldf e08f/L

em'l08Psf] cj:yfdf km]nf k/]sf] gjnk'/ k|x/L rf}sLsf OGrfh{ k|x/L gfoa lgl/Ifs 6ns/fh e08f/Ln] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . dfgl;s ;Gt'ng sdhf]/ ePsf]n] em'l08P/ cfTdxTof u/]sf] x'g;Sg] k|x/Ln] cg'dfg u/]sf] 5 . zj kf] i 6df6{ d sf nflu lhNNff c:ktfn dnª\ujf k7fOPsf] 5 .

a; klN6Fbf afx|hgf 3fOt] lrtjg, !@ r} t . klZrd lrtjgsf] dª\unk'/ ufpF ljsf; ;ldlt–@ df cfh laxfg a; klN6Fbf !@ hgf 3fOt] ePsf 5g\ . lhtk' / af6 gf/fo0fu9tkm{ cfpFb} u/]sf] gf#v ^!#^ gDa/sf] a; l:kl/ª kftf

efFlrP/ v]tdf klN6Psf] lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no lrtjgn] hgfPsf] 5. 3fOt]dWo] b'O{hgfsf] cj:yf uDeL/ /x]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . 3fOt]x¿sf] e/tk'/l:yt sn]h ckm d]l8sn ;fOG;]hdf pkrf/ eO/x]sf] k|x/Ln] hgfPsf] 5 .

/f}tx6 k|x/Låf/f km/f/ clwo'Qm kqmfp /f}tx6, !@ r}t . /f}tx6sf] a;Gtk§L uflj;sf k"j{ cWoIf c¿0f h;jfnsf] Hofgdfg]{ pBf]u d'2fdf km/f/ /x]sf cleo'QmnfO{ Onfsf k|x/L sfof{no /fhk'/ km/xbjfn] kqmfp u/]sf] 5 . k|x/L gfoa lg/LIfs c¿0fs'df/ s'zjfxfsf] g]tT[ jdf uPsf] u:tL6f]nLn] cfOtaf/ laxfg (M)) ah]sf] ;dodf nf}sfxfaf6 a;Gtk§L–^ sf %% jifL{o df]x/nfn snjf/nfO{ kfFr dlxgfkl5 kqmfp u/L cfjZos sf/afxLsf nflu lhNnf k|x/L sfof{ n o /f} t x6df ;f] d af/ NofOPsf] lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no

uf}/sf k|x/L lg/LIfs 5]bLnfn sfdtLn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . o;}u/L cTolws /S;L / ufFhf vfO{ xf]xNnf ug]{ kfFrhgf o'jsnfO{ /f}tx6 k|x/Ln] kqmfp u/sf] 5 . kmx{ b jfl:yt dbgL rf}sdf /S;L ;]jg u/L xNnf drfO/x]sf em'Gv'Gjf uflj; * sf ;+tf]if ;fx, ljqmd ofbj, clgn ofbj, lg/fhg ;fx / /fs]z ;fxnfO{ cfOtaf/ /flt !! ah] Onfsf k|x/L sfof{no /fhk'/ kmx{bjfsf] 6f]nLn] kqmfp u/]sf] k|gfgL c¿0fs'df/ s'zjfxfn] atfpg'eof] .

uf]nL nfu]/ 3fOt] sf7df8f},F !@ r}t . ;fFv' ;'G6f]n– ( a:g] @& jifL{o ;"o{ l3l;ª e?jf aGb'ssf] uf]nL nfu]/ 3fOt] ePsf 5g\ . pgnfO{ cfh laxfg )(M$) ah] 3/fo;L ljjfbdf pgs} $* jifL{o afa' ;'sdfgn] e?jf aGb'sn] uf]nL k|xf/ ubf{ uDeL/

3fOt] ePsfn] pkrf/sf nflu df]8n ] c:ktfn hf]/kf6L nluPsf] 5. ;'sdfg dxfgu/Lo k|x/L k|efu ;fFvd' f cfTd;dk{0f ug{ uPsf] s]Gb|Lo k|x/L ;dfrf/ sIfn] hgfPsf] 5 .

gf} ljBfnonfO{ …cGt/f{li6«o k'/:sf/Ú sf7df8f} F , !@ r} t . la| l 6; sfplG;n g]kfnn] cfh Ps sfo{qmdaLr g]kfnsf ljleGg gf}j6f ljBfnonfO{ …cGt/f{li6«o ljBfno k'/:sf/Ú k|bfg u/]sf] 5 . sfplG;nsf] …sg]lS6ª Snf;?dÚ kl/of]hgfdf cfa4 ^$ j6f ljBfnodWo] ljBfyL{ / lzIfsaLr /fd|f / l;h{gfTds lqmofsnfk ;~rfng ug{]af6 5gf]6 u/L tL ljBfno k'/:s[t ePsf x'g\ . k' / :s[ t x' g ] x ¿df

u'?s'n Ps]8d] L -wgu9L_, cgn Hof]lt af]l8{ª :s'n -nlntk'/_, gfufh'g{ f Ps]8d] L -nlntk'/_, xfe{8{ Ps]8d] L -sf:sL_, Pk]S; :s'n ?kGb]xL_ / s?0flglw Ph's; ] g kmfpG8];g -sf:sL_ /x]sf 5g\ . oL ljBfnon] k"0f{ k'/:sf/ kfPsf x'g\ . o:t} e"k" ;}lgs cfjf;Lo -sf:sL_ / anf]bo dflj -sf:sL_ n] cf+lzs k'/:sf/ kfPsf 5g\ eg] sf:sLs} Kof/fdfpG6 klAns :s'nn] :yfkgf k'/:sf/ kfPsf] 5 .


Madhesh Post 2069-12-13