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Music a


Objectives Vocabulary Musical instruments and styles; adverbs; word building

Grammar The passive Reading Gigs with a difference; identifying key sentences Listening A radio programme


Writing A description of an event Speaking Expressing preferences and opinions


Topic words 1 Find four of the instruments below in the photos. Add three more instruments to the list.

• bass • drums • guitar • keyboard • piano • saxophone • trombone • trumpet

2 Classify the words in the box under the correct heading. Add one more word to each heading. beat catchy chorus death metal folk hip hop house live loud lyrics relaxing repetitive serious tune verse adjectives



3 Translate the words in bold in the quiz into your language.

Music quiz 1 The singer Lady Gaga once changed her costume more than ten times during a single concert. 2 A German rock band once played 26 gigs in 12 hours in clubs around Hamburg. 3 The O2 arena is one of biggest music venues in Europe – 12 football pitches could fit into it. 4 During performances the classical violin virtuoso Paganini (1782–1840), sometimes played with only one string.

Then do the music quiz. Are the answers true or false?

Put words into practice



Listen to three people talking about music and answer the questions.

1 Have they ever played any musical instruments? Do they play now? 2 What music do they like and why? 3 Is there any music they don’t like? Why not?


Answer the questions in 4. Use the Street Talk and words from 1 and 2 to help you. I play the guitar but I also like rap music. I’m a big fan of Eminem.



To be a big fan of means to like very much. I’m not fussed means you don’t mind.


6 Music

Reading 1 These collocations appear in the text. How do you say them in your language? do a gig get in touch give a performance have a party take a break

2 Look at the photos. What do you think the text will be about?

• concerts in school • concerts at home • concerts in a bar

3 Skim the text and check your answer to 2. 4 Are the sentences true or false? Quote words from the text to support your answers. 1 Performers like Lady Gaga and The Killers are very expensive. 2 Rick Treffers thinks that most living room venues are the same. 3 Scouting For Girls only ever play large concerts. 4 Albums are not the main source of most bands’ income.

5 Answer the questions in your own words. 1 Why did Rick Treffers do his first living room concert? 2 How did Scouting For Girls feel before their first private concert? 3 Why do some singers and bands like doing living room concerts? 4 Why are bands not selling as many albums as before?

6 Read the Exam strategy. Then find the key sentence in each paragraph and match it with one of these paraphrases. 1 Musicians never get closer to fans than at a living room gig. 2 An increasing number of musicians play in people’s houses nowadays. 3 Bands will always play clubs and arenas. 4 There is a webpage which can help you organize a concert in your house.

7 Find words in the text that mean … 1 reserve. (paragraph B) 2 growing. (paragraph B) 3 very special. (paragraph B) 4 private and friendly. (paragraph B)

rategy Exam st

Identifying key sentences

• Look for the key words in the paraphrase. • Find the key words in the text. They are not always at the beginning or the end of the text.

What about YOU? 8

Answer the questions. 1 Which famous band or singer would you like to do a gig in your house? 2 Have you ever given a performance, for example in a concert or play?


True or False The guitar is the world’s best-selling musical instrument.


Gigs with a difference 2/12

A Have you ever dreamed of meeting your favourite band? Or better still, having them play at a party in your house? These days, more and more singers and bands are being invited to perform in private homes. 5 And though you won’t be able to afford stars like Lady Gaga or The Killers, there are a lot of good bands who like to take a break from touring and can be seen ‘live’ in people’s living rooms. B One of the first of these performances was given by 10 Rick Treffers of the Dutch band Mist. He asked some friends to come to his house in Amsterdam and listen to him playing some new songs. He wanted to know what they thought of them and the evening was a great success. After that, he set up an organization 15 called ‘Live in the Living’ (LITL) and you can now book a local band to play in your home via the webpage. You don’t have to live in Holland either; events have been organized in Berlin, Barcelona and Madrid, and LITL is expanding. Rick believes a unique atmosphere 20 is created in this type of environment. ‘It’s very intimate,’ he says, ‘neither the audience nor the artist can hide – and every living room is different.’


How do you say success (paragraph B)

Friends in your language?

C It’s true; doing a living room gig is about as close as musicians can get to an audience. The British band 25 Scouting For Girls have played at big venues like the Koko club in London, but before their first private gig in someone’s house in 2010 they were really nervous – even though there were only about 15 people sitting on the sofa and the floor! Singer-songwriter 30 Sam Isaac has also given living room gigs all over the UK. ‘You just put a message on your MySpace. People get in touch, say they’d be happy to have you perform, and you’re all set,’ he says. ‘The person who’s having the party gets to feel special because 35 they’ve got an artist who they are a fan of in their front room, and we get to actually go and meet nice people.’ D However, big clubs and arenas will never be replaced by small concerts in living rooms. In the modern 40 music industry, bands earn most of their money from concert tours rather than album sales, especially with illegal downloading and sharing. But there’s no doubt that a living room gig is something special. Just don’t forget to warn your neighbours first! The word singer is in the text. Find more words from page 65 in the text.


6 Music

Grammar The passive 1 Study the table and match sentences 1–7 with the tenses below.

• future • modal verb • past perfect • past simple • present continuous • present perfect • present simple active


1 They create a unique atmosphere.

A unique atmosphere is created.

2 People are inviting bands to play.

Bands are being invited to play.

3 Rick gave a performance in Amsterdam.

A performance was given by Rick in Amsterdam.

4 LITL has organized events in Berlin.

Events have been organized by LITL in Berlin.

5 They had done up the house.

The house had been done up.

6 Small concerts will never replace clubs and arenas. Clubs and arenas will never be replaced by small concerts. 7 You can see bands live in people’s living rooms.

Bands can be seen live in people’s living rooms.

Grammar reference pages 108–109

2 Complete the sentences with the correct passive form of the verbs in brackets. 1 About a billion pirate CDs ___ (sell) every year. 2 Amy Winehouse’s albums ___ (re-release) after her death in 2011. 3 The Beatles’ song Yesterday ___ (record) by over 2,500 other singers! 4 Over six million songs can ___ (download) from online music stores. 5 In years to come, Madonna ___ (remember) as the Queen of Pop.

3 Transform the sentences into the passive. 1 They use music in some forms of therapy. 2 The guitarist wrote all the songs on the new album. 3 People will never forget her last performance. 4 You can download the music from the website.

4 Read the sentences. Are the underlined agents necessary? 1 The opera Don Giovanni was written by Mozart. 2 She was operated on at midnight by surgeons. 3 This guitar was played by Paco de Lucía. 4 Many complaints were made by people about the noise.

Sentences with two objects

Careful! When the person who does the action (the agent) is obvious, or we don’t know who it is, or it is not important, we omit it.

She was arrested this morning. (Obviously by the police.)

The house had been decorated. (We don’t know by whom.)

Events have been organized in Berlin. (Not important by whom.)

5 Look at the examples. Rewrite the sentences in the passive beginning as shown. Sergio gave me an mp3 player. An mp3 player was given to me by Sergio. I was given an mp3 player by Sergio. 1 They have awarded the band a Grammy. The band … 2 Mr Butler will teach us music. We … 3 The record producer gave him some advice. He … 4 Julia sang us a lovely song. A lovely song …


Music 6

have something done 6 Look at the sentences. When do we use have something done? a) when we do something b) when someone does something for us 1 She had her hair dyed yesterday. 2 She is having her hair styled at the moment. 3 She is going to have a tattoo done this afternoon.

7 Rewrite the sentences using the correct form of have something done. 1 They didn’t decorate their house. They … 2 I won’t try to repair my guitar. I … 3 You shouldn’t pierce your ears yourself. You should … 4 The organizers aren’t going to build the new stage. They … 5 My sister always paints my nails for me. I …

8 Exam focus

Rewrite the sentences in the

passive. 1 They play national anthems before international football matches. 2 Adolphe Sax invented the saxophone in 1846. 3 They are making preparations for next year’s festival. 4 You can watch the concert via the internet. 5 They have presented the Grammy Music Awards since 1958. 6 They will serve drinks during the interval at the concert.

9 Complete the text with the correct passive form

Grammar bonus Impersonal passive We use the impersonal passive to describe feelings, beliefs and convictions. We can form these passive structures in two ways.

They say that Jimi Hendrix was the greatest guitarist in the world. a) It is said that Jimi Hendrix was the greatest guitarist in the world. b) Jimi Hendrix is said to have been the greatest guitarist in the world.

a Rewrite the sentences beginning as shown. 1 They thought that the concert was disappointing. a) It … b) The concert … 2 People know that he plays many instruments. a) It … b) He … 3 They believe that she has recorded a new album. a) It … b) She … 4 People feel the band play too loud. a) It … b) The band …

of the verbs in brackets.

Glastonbury is a huge open-air festival. It (1) ___ (hold) every summer since 1970, except for 2012 when it (2) ___ (not hold) because the organizers wanted to have a break! Since it began, a lot of money (3) ___ (raise) for charity. Every year half the money from ticket sales (4) ___ (give) to charities such as Oxfam and Greenpeace. In 1994, the main stage (5) ___ (destroy) by a fire, and in 1997 and 1998 the festivals (6) ___ (flood). In 2000, 250,000 people came to the festival, although only 100,000 tickets (7) ___ (sell)! Local residents often complain about the loud music, so in 2005 a ‘silent disco’ (8) ___ (start) for all-night ravers – they dance while listening to music on headphones! Who knows what exciting new feature (9) ___ (introduce) next.


6 Music

Vocabulary Adverbs 1 Study the table. How do you say the sentences in your language? Adjectives She is a beautiful singer. They were really nervous. He’s a good guitarist.

Adverbs She sings beautifully. They waited nervously. He plays the guitar well.

across cultures

2 Read the sentences and choose the correct alternatives. 1 He walked quick/quickly down the road. 2 We got a local/locally band to play at our wedding. 3 This music is really easy/easily to play. 4 The band were late, but the crowd waited patient/patiently. 5 I play the piano, but not very good/well. 6 Your hearing can be serious/seriously damaged by loud music.

3 Some adverbs and adjectives are the same. Rewrite the sentences using the verbs in brackets and the underlined words as adverbs. 1 She’s an early riser. (get up)

She gets up early. 2 He’s a very fast guitarist. (play) 3 She’s a hard worker. (work) 4 They were late. (arrive)

4 Read the Careful! box. Then complete the sentences with hard or hardly. 1 He isn’t a friend. I ___ know him. 2 I tried ___ to learn the guitar, but I was useless. 3 She studied ___ and got a good grade in the exam. 4 I saw Tommy at the party, but I ___ spoke to him. 5 We were having so much fun that we ___ noticed the time. 6 The band worked ___ to get people to listen to their music.

Word building

El Sistema El Sistema is a worldwide music education programme that began in Venezuela in 1975. Over 350,000 students attend the programmes in Venezuela alone. They give children from poor and underprivileged backgrounds a chance to experience music and learn new skills. Why do you think this educational programme has been so successful?

Careful! He worked hard.

He worked with a lot of effort.

He hardly worked.

He worked very little.

5 Make nouns, adjectives and adverbs from the verbs in the box. attract create enjoy imagine succeed sympathize

attract (verb); attraction (noun); attractive (adjective); attractively (adverb)

6 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in brackets. 1 Mozart was such a ___ (create) composer. 2 He listened very ___ (sympathize) to my bad news. 3 I could never write a song; I have no ___ (imagine). 4 I thought the concert was really ___ (enjoy). 5 The band dressed quite ___ (attract) for their TV appearance.


Music 6

Listening A radio programme 1 Look at the photos and the Exam strategy. What do you know about music therapy? Are the sentences true or false?

rategy Exam st Read the sentences and use your general knowledge to predict the answers.

Music therapy … 1 can help with emotional problems. 2 can cure diseases. 3 is used mainly with children with learning difficulties. 4 can help people suffering from depression. 5 can make babies more intelligent. 6 is never used with healthy people. 7 was first proposed by the ancient Greeks.


Listen to the radio programme and check your guesses to 1.


Listen again and choose the best answers.



1 Which activity does the expert not mention? a) listening to music b) discussing a song’s lyrics c) recording a song d) playing musical instruments 2 When can music therapy help mothers feel more comfortable? a) when they are working b) when they are having a baby c) when they are feeling ill d) when they are injured 3 Which of these places do the therapists not visit? a) psychiatric hospitals b) old people’s homes c) gyms d) rehabilitation centres


What type of music would you recommend for these activities?

• going to sleep • doing exercise in the gym • studying • driving



Listen and repeat the words. Pay attention to the underlined sounds. 2/14

1 /ɪ/ gig 2 /iː/ leave

b Classify the words in the box according to the underlined sound. arena beat biscuit build guitar lyrics piano unique


Listen and check your answers. Repeat the words. 2/15


6 Music

Writing A description of an event When you write a description of an event, remember to describe your feelings before, during and after the event.

1 Look at the photos. Who are the people and what are they doing? 2 Read the essay. Find one good thing and one bad thing about the concert. Write about a concert you went to.

A I’ll never forget the Lady Gaga concert. We had bought tickets on the internet, which was lucky because they sold out quickly. Before the concert, we got dressed up and had our make-up done by our friend who’s really good at doing make-up. Then we went to the sports arena where the concert was. We were really excited, but waited patiently for hours. When they opened the doors, we ran fast to the front. B We chatted nervously for an hour. Suddenly the lights went down and a drum started. As soon as Lady Gaga appeared, the crowd went wild. The music was really loud. During the concert she sang while she was dancing – all my favourites, such as Alejandro and Poker Face. Although we were near the front, we couldn’t see everything unless we looked up at the big screens. It was really hot, and we were pushed around a lot! C After the concert, we felt exhausted. It was late, so we got a taxi together. We had all lost our voices and our make-up was a mess. However, it was the best concert I’ve ever been to!

3 Match paragraphs A–C with the descriptions below. 1 main action 2 background and setting 3 after the event

4 72

Find three adverbs in paragraph A.

Music 6 Useful Language: Linking words review

5 Read the sentences and choose the correct alternatives. 1 He always plays his guitar as soon as/while he gets home from school. 2 I don’t really like classical music. Although/However, I enjoyed the concert. 3 I was showing my friend my ticket. Suddenly/When someone stole it and ran away! 4 After/When the concert, we got the metro home. 5 I like music from the 60s because/such as The Beatles and The Who. 6 Although/However I love listening to music, I don’t go to live gigs very often. 7 When/While Lady Gaga’s new song was released, I downloaded it immediately. 8 We queued for hours to buy tickets for Eminem’s concert because/unless he’s our favourite rapper.

6 Complete the text with underlined words and expressions from the essay. We arrived three hours (1) ___ the start of the concert. (2) ___ we arrived early, we weren’t at the front of the queue. (3) ___ we were waiting, we listened to music. (4) ___ the doors finally opened, we went in, (5) ___ we didn’t find a good place. (6) ___ the concert I couldn’t see much (7) ___ we were at the back. I decided I would go home (8) ___ things got better. Anyway, the band weren’t very good, (9) ___ we left early and went for a drink and (10) ___ we went home.

Your writing task Write about a concert you have been to. Write 100–120 words.

Step 1 THINK Decide which concert to write about and make notes for these things.

• what you did before • who you went with • the scene when you arrived • your feelings before the concert • the stage and lights • the performance • the crowd • best moments • your feelings and what you did after the concert

Step 2 PLAN Organize your description into three paragraphs. 1 Before the concert – background, the setting, your feelings. 2 During the concert – the main events. 3 After the concert – the scene, your feelings.

Step 3 WRITE Write your description. Use vocabulary from the unit. Include a variety of linking words.

Step 4 CHECK Check your writing. Use the Writing checklist to help you. Writing reference page 121

Writing checklist I have followed the writing steps. I have written three paragraphs. I have used a variety of linkers. I have checked verb tenses. I have checked the description for mistakes.


6 Music

Speaking Expressing preferences and opinions 1 Read the adjectives in the box. Are they positive, negative or neutral? boring brilliant cool dated great incredible loud mediocre monotonous not bad okay rubbish so-so talented useless versatile Positive




2 3

Add these words from page 65 to the table in 1.

• serious • catchy • relaxing • repetitive

Read and listen to two students talking about singers and bands. Complete the sentences with words from 1 and 2. 2/16

A: I think Green Day are (1) ___. B: They’re too (2) ___ and punky for me. A: Well, they don’t just do loud songs. They’re quite (3) ___. B: Maybe. Do you like Beyoncé? A: No, I can’t stand her. She’s (4) ___. B: Really? I think her music is (5) ___ and great to dance to. A: I think it’s (6) ___.

4 Match statements 1–4 with replies a–d. 1 I like Eminem. His lyrics are great. 2 I love 60s music like The Beatles. 3 I can’t stand David Guetta. 4 A lot of girl singers such as Rihanna just do repetitive dance music. a) It’s OK, but it’s a bit dated. b) Actually, she’s quite versatile and does slow songs and even house music. c) Yes, he’s very talented. d) Really? I think his music is great.

Your speaking task

Talk about bands and singers. Say who you like and give your opinions.

Step 1 THINK Look at the singers and bands above or think of your own. 1 What is their style of music? 2 What words would you use to describe them and their music?

Step 2 PLAN Think of the language you need. Use vocabulary from page 65 and check the Useful Language box.

Step 3 PRACTISE In pairs, take turns to choose a singer or band and talk about them.

Step 4 SPEAK Tell the class about one singer or band you both like or dislike. 74


LANGUAGE • I love/really like/can’t stand … • I think he/she is brilliant/so-so/ rubbish. • Really? I think … • Actually, he/she …

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Exam Trainer

Student Website

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Student’s Book

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Teacher’s Resource Multi-ROM

University Entrance Exam Generator

David Mower

Class Audio CDs

Digital Course

Student’s Book

Use your Macmillan English Dictionary with this course


Promotio n Uncorrec al copy ted proo fs

David Mower


Award 2 Student's Book  

Award is a two-level course specifically written for Spain and Bachillerato. It aims to fully prepare students for their university entrance...

Award 2 Student's Book  

Award is a two-level course specifically written for Spain and Bachillerato. It aims to fully prepare students for their university entrance...