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Principal Conductor VLADIMIR JUROWSKI Principal Guest Conductor YANNICK NÉZET-SÉGUIN Leader PIETER SCHOEMAN Composer in Residence JULIAN ANDERSON Patron HRH THE DUKE OF KENT KG Chief Executive and Artistic Director TIMOTHY WALKER
JTI FRIDAY SERIES
PROGRAMME £3 CONTENTS
SOUTHBANK CENTRE’S ROYAL FESTIVAL HALL Friday 1 October 2010 | 7.30pm
2 3 4 5 6 7 11 12 13 14 15 16
YAN PASCAL TORTELIER conductor BEHZOD ABDURAIMOV piano
FAURÉ Suite: Pelléas et Mélisande
INTERVAL STRAVINSKY The Rite of Spring
The timings shown are not precise and are given only as a guide.
SAINT-SAËNS Concerto No. 2 in G minor for piano and orchestra
supported by Macquarie Group
CONCERT PRESENTED BY THE LONDON PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA
List of Players Orchestra History Southbank Centre Yan Pascal Tortelier Behzod Abduraimov Programme Notes Recordings Family Concert Supporters Philharmonic News Administration Future Concerts
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LONDON PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA
FIRST VIOLINS Natalia Lomeiko Guest Leader Julia Rumley Chair supported by Mrs Steven Ward
Catherine Craig Tina Gruenberg Martin Höhmann
Emmanuella Reiter-Bootiman Laura Vallejo Michelle Bruil Alistair Scahill Daniel Cornford Isabel Pereira Naomi Holt Anthony Byrne
Chair supported by Richard Karl Goeltz
Geoffrey Lynn Robert Pool Sarah Streatfeild Yang Zhang Peter Nall Galina Tanney Toby Tramaseur Joanne Chen Kay Chappell Alina Petrenko Lisa Obert SECOND VIOLINS Clare Duckworth Principal Chair supported by Richard and Victoria Sharp
Joseph Maher Kate Birchall Chair supported by David and Victoria Graham Fuller
Fiona Higham Nynke Hijlkema Marie-Anne Mairesse Ashley Stevens Imogen Williamson Sioni Williams Peter Graham Mila Mustakova Stephen Stewart Sheila Law Elizabeth Baldey VIOLAS Alexander Zemtsov* Principal Robert Duncan Katharine Leek Benedetto Pollani
Chair supported by John and Angela Kessler
CELLOS Josephine Knight Guest Principal Francis Bucknall Laura Donoghue Santiago Sabino Carvalho + Jonathan Ayling Chair supported by Caroline, Jamie and Zander Sharp
Gregory Walmsley Sue Sutherley Susanna Riddell Sibylle Hentschel Tom Roff DOUBLE BASSES Kevin Rundell* Principal Laurence Lovelle George Peniston Kenneth Knussen Joe Melvin Helen Rowlands Tom Walley Damian Rubido Gonzalez FLUTES Jaime Martin* Principal Anna Naranjo Francis Nolan PICCOLO Stewart McIlwham* Principal ALTO FLUTE Susan Thomas* Principal
OBOES Ian Hardwick Principal Angela Tennick Rachel Ingleton Owen Dennis CORS ANGLAIS Max Spiers Guest Principal Owen Dennis CLARINETS Robert Hill* Principal Emily Meredith Andrew Mason E FLAT CLARINET Nicholas Carpenter Principal BASS CLARINETS Paul Richards Principal Andrew Mason
TRUMPETS Paul Beniston* Principal Anne McAneney* Chair supported by Geoff and Meg Mann
Nicholas Betts Co-Principal Tom Rainer Tony Cross BASS TRUMPET Brian Raby TROMBONES David Whitehouse Principal Andrew Connington BASS TROMBONE Lyndon Meredith Principal TUBAS Lee Tsarmaklis Principal David Kendall
BASSOONS John Price Principal Gareth Newman* Laurence O’Donnell Gordon Laing
TIMPANI Simon Carrington* Principal Antoine Bedewi
CONTRA BASSOONS Simon Estell Principal Gordon Laing
PERCUSSION Rachel Gledhill Principal Keith Millar Sam Walton Ignacio Molins
HORNS John Ryan Principal Estefania Beceiro Guest Principal Martin Hobbs Gareth Mollison Mark Vines Nicolas Wolmark Jonathan Bareham Jeffrey Bryant Katherine Saunders WAGNER TUBAS Jeffrey Bryant Martin Hobbs
HARP Rachel Masters* Principal
* Holds a professorial appointment in London +
Chevalier of the Brazilian Order of Rio Branco
Chair Supporters The London Philharmonic Orchestra also acknowledges the following chair supporters whose players are not present at this concert: Andrew Davenport Julian and Gill Simmonds Simon Yates and Kevin Roon
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LONDON PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA
Seventy-eight years after Sir Thomas Beecham founded the London Philharmonic Orchestra, it is recognised today as one of the finest orchestras on the international stage. Following Beecham’s influential founding tenure the Orchestra’s Principal Conductorship has been passed from one illustrious musician to another, amongst them Sir Adrian Boult, Bernard Haitink, Sir Georg Solti, Klaus Tennstedt and Kurt Masur. This impressive tradition continued in September 2007 when Vladimir Jurowski became the Orchestra’s Principal Conductor and, in a further exciting move, the Orchestra appointed Yannick Nézet-Séguin its new Principal Guest Conductor from September 2008. The London Philharmonic Orchestra has been performing at Southbank Centre’s Royal Festival Hall since it opened in 1951, becoming Resident Orchestra in 1992. It plays there around 40 times each season with many of the world’s most sought after conductors and soloists. Concert highlights in 2010/11 include an exploration of Mahler’s symphonies and complete song cycles during the composer’s anniversary season; the premières of works by Matteo D’Amico, Magnus Lindberg and Brett Dean; a rare opportunity to hear Rossini’s opera Aureliano in Palmira in collaboration with long term partner Opera Rara; and works by the Orchestra’s new Composer in Residence, Julian Anderson. In addition to its London season and a series of concerts at Wigmore Hall, the Orchestra has flourishing
residencies in Brighton and Eastbourne, and performs regularly around the UK. It is unique in combining these concert activities with esteemed opera performances each summer at Glyndebourne Festival Opera where it has been the Resident Symphony Orchestra since 1964. The London Philharmonic Orchestra performs to enthusiastic audiences all round the world. In 1956 it became the first British orchestra to appear in Soviet Russia and in 1973 made the first ever visit to China by a Western orchestra. Touring continues to form a significant part of the Orchestra’s schedule and is supported by Aviva, the International Touring Partner of the London Philharmonic Orchestra. Tours in 2010/11 include visits to Finland, Germany, South Korea, Spain, France, Belgium and Luxembourg. Having long been embraced by the recording, broadcasting and film industries, the London Philharmonic Orchestra broadcasts regularly on domestic and international television and radio. It also works with the Hollywood and UK film industries, recording soundtracks for blockbuster motion pictures including the Oscar-winning score for The Lord of the Rings trilogy and scores for Lawrence of Arabia, The Mission, Philadelphia and East is East. The London Philharmonic Orchestra made its first recordings on 10 October 1932, just three days after its first public performance. It has recorded and broadcast
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LONDON PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA
regularly ever since, and in 2005 established its own record label. The recordings on its own label are taken mainly from live concerts given by distinguished conductors over the years including the Orchestra’s Principal Conductors from Beecham and Boult, through Haitink, Solti and Tennstedt, to Masur and Jurowski.
WELCOME TO SOUTHBANK CENTRE
Recent additions to the catalogue have included acclaimed releases of Elgar’s Symphony No. 1 and Sea Pictures with Vernon Handley and Janet Baker; Mahler’s Symphony No. 2 conducted by Klaus Tennstedt; Brahms’s Symphonies Nos 1 and 2 conducted by Vladimir Jurowski; and Dvořák’s Requiem under the baton of Neeme Järvi. The Orchestra’s own-label CDs are also widely available to download. Visit www.lpo.org.uk/shop for the latest releases.
‘The LPO do glowering colours very well, and they needed the full palette as Jurowski drove them, menacing and tight, through Mussorgsky’s phantasmagoria …’ GEOFF BROWN, THE TIMES, 17 AUGUST 2010
The Orchestra reaches thousands of Londoners through its rich programme of community and school-based activity in Lambeth, Lewisham and Southwark, which includes the offshoot ensembles Renga and The Band, its Foyle Future Firsts apprenticeship scheme for outstanding young instrumentalists, and regular family and schools concerts. To help maintain its high standards and diverse workload, the Orchestra is committed to the welfare of its musicians and in December 2007 received the Association of British Orchestras/Musicians Benevolent Fund Healthy Orchestra Bronze Charter Mark. There are many ways to experience and stay in touch with the Orchestra’s activities: visit www.lpo.org.uk, subscribe to our podcast series, download our iPhone application and join us on Facebook and Twitter.
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We hope you enjoy your visit. We have a Duty Manager available at all times. If you have any queries please ask any member of staff for assistance. Eating, drinking and shopping? Southbank Centre shops and restaurants include: Foyles, EAT, Giraffe, Strada, YO! Sushi, wagamama, Le Pain Quotidien, Las Iguanas, ping pong, Canteen, Caffè Vergnano 1882, Skylon, Concrete and Feng Sushi, as well as cafes, restaurants and shops inside the Royal Festival Hall, Queen Elizabeth Hall and Hayward Gallery. If you wish to get in touch with us following your visit please contact Kenelm Roberts, our Head of Customer Relations, at Southbank Centre, Belvedere Road, London SE1 8XX or email email@example.com or phone 020 7960 4250. We look forward to seeing you again soon. A few points to note for your comfort and enjoyment: PHOTOGRAPHY is not allowed in the auditorium LATECOMERS will only be admitted to the auditorium if there is a suitable break in the performance RECORDING is not permitted in the auditorium without the prior consent of Southbank Centre. Southbank Centre reserves the right to confiscate video or sound equipment and hold it in safekeeping until the performance has ended MOBILES, PAGERS AND WATCHES should be switched off before the performance begins
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YAN PASCAL TORTELIER CONDUCTOR
Orchestras. Further afield he has collaborated with the Melbourne Symphony, Tokyo Metropolitan Symphony, Hong Kong Philharmonic and Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestras.
Yan Pascal Tortelier is Principal Conductor of the Sao Paulo Symphony Orchestra and enjoys a distinguished career as a guest conductor with the world’s most prestigious orchestras. He began his musical life as a violinist and at fourteen won first prize for violin at the Paris Conservatoire and also made his debut as a soloist with the London Philharmonic Orchestra. Following general musical studies with Nadia Boulanger, he studied conducting with Franco Ferrara at the Accademia Chigiana in Siena, and from 1974 to 1983 he was Associate Conductor of the Orchestre National du Capitole de Toulouse. Other positions have included Principal Conductor and Artistic Director of the Ulster Orchestra (1989-92) and Principal Guest Conductor of the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra (2005-08). Following his outstanding work as Chief Conductor of the BBC Philharmonic between 1992 and 2003, including annual appearances at the BBC Proms and a very successful tour of the US to celebrate the orchestra’s 60th anniversary season, he has been given the title of Conductor Emeritus and continues to work with the orchestra regularly. He also holds the position of Principal Guest Conductor at the Royal Academy of Music in London.
Forthcoming highlights include return visits to the BBC Symphony Orchestra, Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, Minnesota Orchestra, Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra, San Francisco Symphony Orchestra, Baltimore Symphony Orchestra and St Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra. This month he also undertakes a major European tour with the Sao Paulo Symphony Orchestra, visiting a number of prestigious venues including the Vienna Musikverein, Salzburg Festspielhaus, Frankfurt Alte Oper and Cologne Philharmonie. Yan Pascal Tortelier has enjoyed a long association with Chandos Records resulting in an extensive catalogue of recordings, notably with the BBC Philharmonic and Ulster Orchestras, and including award-winning cycles of the orchestral music of Debussy, Ravel (featuring his own orchestration of Ravel’s Piano Trio), Franck, Roussel and Dutilleux. He has also conducted critically acclaimed discs of repertoire ranging from Hindemith and Kodaly to Lutoslawski and Karlowicz. Forthcoming releases for Chandos include Ravel’s Piano Concertos with Jean-Efflam Bavouzet in November 2010 and a disc of works by Florent Schmitt with the Sao Paulo Symphony Orchestra in 2011.
Yan Pascal Tortelier has collaborated with major orchestras including the London Symphony, London Philharmonic, Orchestre de Paris, Royal Concertgebouw, Czech Philharmonic, St Petersburg Philharmonic, Oslo Philharmonic, Filarmonica della Scala Milan, and in North America, the Philadelphia, Los Angeles Philharmonic, Boston Symphony, Chicago Symphony, San Francisco Symphony and Montreal Symphony
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BEHZOD ABDURAIMOV PIANO
Other achievements have included First Prize at the Republican Competition in Uzbekistan in 1999, Grand Prix in the Competition ‘Le Muse’ in Agropoli, Italy, in 2003, and First Prize in the Missouri Southern International Piano Competition in 2008. That same year he won both the Lennox Young Artist Competition and the Corpus Christi International Competition in the USA and performed with the Richardson Symphony Orchestra in Dallas and the Corpus Christi Symphony Orchestra in Texas in 2009.
At the age of 18, Behzod Abduraimov achieved a sensational victory in the 2009 London International Piano Competition, winning first prize following an electrifying performance of Prokofiev’s Piano Concerto No. 3. This resulted in invitations to work with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra (performing Tchaikovsky’s Piano Concerto No. 1 under Grzegorz Nowak) and the London Philharmonic Orchestra this evening. Last season Behzod toured to China and Kuala Lumpur with the Sydney Symphony Orchestra under Vladimir Ashkenazy to great critical acclaim. Following their successful collaboration, they appeared again as part of the 2010 Musikfest Bremen. During the 2010/11 season, Behzod will return to the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra and, having made a triumphant Wigmore Hall debut, he will give his debut recital at the Bozar in Brussels in addition to performances in Germany and North America. Since his first performance as a soloist at the age of eight with the National Symphony Orchestra of Uzbekistan, Behzod has given many concerts in the USA, Italy, Russia and Uzbekistan. He is invited annually to perform at the Spivakov International Charity Foundation in Moscow, the International Keyboard Institute and Festival in New York City, and the International Summer Piano Academy in Como, Italy.
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Behzod Abduraimov was born in Tashkent in 1990 and began to play the piano at the age of five. He was a pupil of Tamara Popovich at the Uspensky State Central Lyceum in Tashkent, and is currently pursuing a Bachelor’s Degree at the International Center for Music at Park University, Kansas City, studying with Stanislav Ioudenitch.
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SPEEDREAD Debussy made a famously introspective opera out of Maurice Maeterlinck’s shadowy play, Pelléas et Mélisande, but while he was still at work on it another French composer, Fauré, was commissioned to write incidental music for a London production of the play in 1898. He adapted three numbers for the concert hall and subsequently inserted the earlier Sicilienne to complete the suite that opens tonight’s concert. The play presents an eternal triangle of mostly hidden but fatal passion. Fauré had only six weeks to fulfil that commission. His teacher, Saint-Saëns, had had even less time to compose his Second Piano Concerto. He completed it in 17 days, borrowing – with permission – one of Fauré’s expressive
melodies for the first theme. The second movement is a light and graceful scherzo, and the concerto ends with a whirling finale in the style of a tarantella. Forty-five years on the elderly Saint-Saëns was a stunned but stoical member of the Paris audience that rioted at the first performance of Stravinsky’s ballet The Rite of Spring. Those who were outraged by the music came to blows with those who hailed the dawn of a new era. It took only a year for Stravinsky’s score to win acceptance as a towering early landmark of 20th-century music. Set in ancient Russia, the ballet describes how tribal elders choose a girl who dances herself to death as a sacrifice to the god of spring. © Eric Mason
SUITE: PELLÉAS ET MÉLISANDE, OP. 80 Prélude | Fileuse | Sicilienne | La mort de Mélisande
Maurice Maeterlinck’s shadowy symbolist play, Pelléas et Mélisande, was first produced in 1893 in Paris and attracted a number of composers around the turn of the century. The play has been called ‘an opera libretto in search of a composer’, and of course it found that composer in Debussy, whose opera reached the stage in 1902. Soon afterwards Schoenberg composed a symphonic poem on the subject, Cyril Scott an overture and Sibelius his well-known incidental music to the play. But first in the field was Fauré. In June 1898 nine performances of the play were given in English at the Prince of Wales Theatre, London, the title roles being played by Martin Harvey and Mrs. Patrick Campbell. That celebrated actress invited Fauré to write incidental music for them. She read to him in French the passages she felt most called for music. ‘Dear M. Fauré’, she recalled in her memoirs, ‘how
sympathetically he listened, and how humbly he said he would do his best! His music came – he had grasped with most tender inspiration the poetic purity that pervades and envelops M. Maeterlinck’s lovely play.’ Except for the Sicilienne written five years earlier, Fauré composed all the music in the six weeks at his disposal. Being pressed for time, he entrusted the orchestration to his pupil Charles Koechlin. Later that year, to make a concert suite for a larger orchestra, he extracted three numbers and expanded Koechlin’s scoring. The Sicilienne was added to the suite in 1909. The play is set long ago in imaginary Allemonde. Golaud, the king’s grandson, marries the ethereal Mélisande, who falls in love with his half-brother Pelléas. The jealous husband kills his rival; Mélisande, forgiving him, dies in childbirth. Summarised thus, the
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action sounds melodramatic, but the play deals with changing states of spiritual awareness; the drama is one of half-lights, omens and mostly hidden passions. The Prélude begins with a string theme that stands for Mélisande. After a sombre second theme the first returns with impassioned intensity, followed by the horn call of the approaching Golaud, lost like Mélisande in the forest. Fileuse (The Spinner) is the prelude to Act Three depicting Mélisande at the spinning wheel. Spinning semiquavers on muted violins support its oboe
melody. The Sicilienne, an entr’acte before the Act Two fountain scene, has a solo flute tune with harp accompaniment. A short E flat episode provides contrast. Before the last act Fauré laments the coming death of Mélisande with an intense Molto adagio in D minor. A thudding offbeat bass and restless melodic line evoke funereal grief. After the climax a rising theme suggests the release of the girl’s spirit to a less tormented world. © Eric Mason
CONCERTO NO. 2 IN G MINOR FOR PIANO AND ORCHESTRA, OP. 22 BEHZOD ABDURAIMOV piano Andante sostenuto | Allegro scherzando | Presto
The great Russian pianist Anton Rubinstein (1830-1894) was also a composer and conductor. Saint-Saëns, no mean pianist himself, was in his early twenties when he first earned Rubinstein’s admiration by playing the Russian’s huge Ocean Symphony on the piano at sight. A warm friendship developed between the two musicians, and Rubinstein eventually gave a series of concerts in Paris in which he played the piano and Saint-Saëns conducted. Then the Russian intimated that he would like to conduct a Paris concert. Saint-Saëns booked the Salle Pleyel for 13 May 1868 – a date just three weeks away – and promised to compose a piano concerto for himself to play under Rubinstein’s baton. He completed the Concerto in G minor in 17 days, but had little time left to practise the solo part and admitted that the performance was not satisfactory. Although the scherzo was an instant success, the rest did not please. Since then this concerto has become one of the composer’s most popular works, admired for the felicity of its formal structure, its airy textures and fine craftsmanship. The Polish pianist Sigismond Stojowski was less than fair to the concerto’s originality when he
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quipped that it ‘begins with Bach and ends with Offenbach’. Liszt was ‘singularly pleased’ by it, pointing out that Saint-Saëns ‘takes into account the effects of the pianist without sacrificing anything of the ideas of the composer’. Effect and idea are happily married at the outset in the piano’s unaccompanied introduction, a long passage of florid sequences and arpeggios clearly inspired by Bach but novel in a 19th-century French concerto. After a brief orchestral passage the soloist announces the expressive first theme. This was actually written by the composer’s pupil, Fauré, as a Tantum Ergo for voice and organ, but the teacher persuaded Fauré to make him a gift of the melody, which is nicely suited to its context here. Dramatic exchanges between piano and orchestra lead to the lyrical second subject in B flat. A more animated section reaches its climax with the return of the first theme fortissimo on unison strings against crashing double octaves on the piano. After a piano cadenza based on figures from the first theme and following passage the movement ends with references back to the introduction.
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Mendelssohn would not have been ashamed to have written the light and graceful scherzo. The main subject is played by piano and orchestra in turn and then elaborated, and the cellos introduce a broader second theme. The discreet but effective part for the timpani is typical of the composer’s masterly orchestration.
piano introduces two themes, the second a rhythmical flourish in octaves with a four-note reply from the orchestra. Another piano theme, an angular melody with trills, completes the basic material of the movement, which proceeds with unflagging energy to a merry conclusion.
The Presto finale is in the style of a tarantella. Piano and orchestra start the whirling dance rhythm, and the
© Eric Mason
INTERVAL 20 minutes An announcement will be made five minutes before the end of the interval.
THE RITE OF SPRING
The Rite of Spring is the third of the three ballet scores for Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes that made Stravinsky’s name internationally, and it stands as a towering early landmark of 20th-century music. By its new principles of construction and new relationship between melody, harmony and rhythm it gave expression to a fresh concept in music in much the same way as Picasso’s Demoiselles d’Avignon had done a few years earlier in painting. The most obvious feature of Stravinsky’s ballet, besides its powerful impact, is the pre-eminence of rhythm. This score is a kaleidoscope of continually changing rhythmic patterns. The fundamental pulse that is felt to be carrying the music forward is regularly and irregularly multiplied, producing rhythms that seize attention and exhilarate the listener. Melody is reduced mostly to short, memorable phrases and harmony to dissonant bitonality. Stravinsky was finishing The Firebird in St Petersburg in 1910 when the first idea of The Rite of Spring occurred
to him as a fleeting vision of a pagan rite. In his mind’s eye he saw ‘sage elders, seated in a circle, watching a young girl dance herself to death. They were sacrificing her to propitiate the god of spring’. He described the vision to the painter Nicolas Roerich and later to Diaghilev, and both agreed that there was the basis of a ballet in it, rather than the symphony that the composer first contemplated writing. Stravinsky put the idea aside for a year while he composed Petrushka, then took it up again and worked out a scenario with Roerich. He composed most of the music during the winter of 1911-12 in Clarens, Switzerland, working at an upright piano in a room only eight feet square. The first musical idea, embodied in the Auguries of Spring section composed the previous summer, was two clashing adjacent chords (E major and E flat major plus a minor seventh), which formed simultaneously under the composer’s hands at the keyboard. From that he developed the whole score, working through to the end and adding the introduction last.
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Notating the music gave him much trouble; he could play his ideas on the piano but it took a long time to devise ways of writing them down. As for orchestration, the two previous ballets had shown his mastery, but here he surpassed himself, drawing novel sonorities from a very large orchestra containing a score of woodwind, nearly as many brass instruments and a big percussion section. The ballet reached the stage at the Théâtre des Champs-Elysées, Paris, on 29 May 1913 and provoked one of the most notorious scandals in theatrical history. Fights broke out between those in the audience who were shocked by the music and those who hailed the dawn of a new era. The consequent noise drowned the performance. Nijinsky’s experimental choreography, which attempted to synchronise movement metrically with the music and had the dancers turn their feet inwards, exacerbated the situation. Half a century later Stravinsky remembered the scene as showing ‘knockkneed and long-braided Lolitas jumping up and down’. But the music was vindicated by a triumphant concert performance in Paris a year later and soon established itself as a unique masterpiece. Sub-titled Pictures of Pagan Russia, the score is in two parts with a short pause between them. Part One: The Adoration of the Earth Introduction: a solo bassoon in its highest register plays a Lithuanian folk tune that frames a picture of nature awakening. Auguries of Spring (Dances of the Young Girls): multiple repetitions of the above-mentioned E and E flat chords, with irregular explosive
accentuation that distorts the 2/4 metre, yield to reiterated fragments of folk-like melody. Mock Abduction: a fierce game with chains of angular triplets on trumpet and woodwind. Springtime Round Dance: a dragging, earthbound measure framed by a bald, chantlike melody for E flat and bass clarinets. Games of the Rival Clans: two vigorous themes vie in rapid alternation, leading into Procession of the Sage, which has a loud, repeated up-and-down motive for tubas. The music quietens briefly for The Adoration of the Earth, the wise elder’s ritual kissing of the newly flowering soil, then with rapid drumbeats bursts into the wild Dance of the Earth. Part Two: The Sacrifice Introduction: a hushed evocation of the pagan night. Mysterious Circles of the Young Girls: six violas begin this section. To a quicker version of the Introduction’s undulating motive and suggestions of a Russian folk song the young virgins dance on the sacred hill and choose which of them will be honoured as sacrificial victim. Glorification of the Chosen Girl: a fast, fierce eruption in irregular rhythmic patterns anticipates the final dance. The Summoning of the Ancients by loud fanfares follows, and in Ritual of the Ancients, begun by complementary motives for cor anglais and bass flute, the elders tread to a steady but inexorable beat, approaching and receding. The final Sacrificial Dance, a complex rhythmic treatment of simple themes, is the ballet’s orgiastic climax as the chosen girl dances to exhaustion and death. © Eric Mason
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RECORDINGS ON THE LONDON PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA’S OWN RECORD LABEL
LPO-0025 Sir Georg Solti conducts Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 6 (Pathétique) and Stravinsky’s The Firebird Suite as part of Volume 2 of the London Philharmonic Orchestra’s 75th Anniversary Box Sets. ‘Solti leads a characteristically charged reading of Tchaikovsky’s Sixth Symphony, the strings softening the conductor’s thrust to the music’s benefit.’ ANDREW CLARK, FINANCIAL TIMES, 27 OCTOBER 2007
This disc is only available as part of the London Philharmonic Orchestra’s 75th Anniversary Box Set, Volume 2, which also features Britten conducted by Sir John Pritchard, Elgar and Britten conducted by Bernard Haitink, and John McCabe and Malcolm Arnold conducted by Sir Georg Solti and Bernard Haitink.
LPO-0043 Vladimir Jurowski conducts Brahms’s Symphonies Nos 1 and 2 ‘This pair of budget-priced CDs on the LPO’s own label demonstrate how, in the right hands, the first two symphonies can thrill and delight … exquisite wind playing …genuinely exciting …’ GRAHAM RICKSON, THE ARTS DESK, 22 FEBRUARY 2010
LPO-0044 Klaus Tennstedt conducts Mahler’s Symphony No. 2 ‘This live version of the Resurrection is frequently startling – extremely expansive but exciting, dramatic and highly charismatic …The playing and singing are excellent, and the recording, made by the Music Performance Research Centre, is near-faultless.’ GRAHAM RICKSON, THE ARTS DESK, 22 MARCH 2010
The recordings may be downloaded in high quality MP3 format from www.lpo.org.uk/shop. CDs may also be purchased from all good retail outlets or through the London Philharmonic Orchestra: telephone 020 7840 4242 (Mon-Fri 10am-5pm) or visit the website www.lpo.org.uk
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FUNharmonics Family Concert
Heroes and Heroines Sunday 17 October 2010 | 11.30am Royal Festival Hall Wagner Prelude to Act 3 of ‘Lohengrin’ Bizet Prelude and Aragonaise from ‘Carmen’ Vangelis (arr. Raine) Chariots of Fire Nott (arr. Raine) Wallace and Gromit Mancini (arr. Gascoigne) The Pink Panther Patterson Little Red Riding Hood Bizet March of the Toreadors from ‘Carmen’ Glinka Overture, Russlan and Ludmila John Rigby conductor Chris Jarvis presenter Foyer Events from 10am You can try your hand at playing an orchestral instrument in one of our Have-a-Go sessions, get your face painted or join our human orchestra – all in the foyers before and after the performance. Generously supported by The Jeniffer & Jonathan Harris Charitable Trust.
TICKETS Child £4-£8; Adult £8-£16 For booking details see page 16.
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We would like to acknowledge the generous support of the following Thomas Beecham Group Patrons, Principal Benefactors and Benefactors: Thomas Beecham Group Mr & Mrs Richard & Victoria Sharp Julian & Gill Simmonds Mrs Steven Ward Simon Yates & Kevin Roon Garf & Gill Collins Andrew Davenport David & Victoria Graham Fuller Richard Karl Goeltz John & Angela Kessler Mr & Mrs Makharinsky Geoff & Meg Mann Caroline, Jamie & Zander Sharp Eric Tomsett
Mr Daniel Goldstein Mrs Barbara Green Oliver Heaton Peter MacDonald Eggers Mr & Mrs David Malpas Andrew T Mills Mr Maxwell Morrison Mr Michael Posen Mr & Mrs Thierry Sciard Mr John Soderquist & Mr Costas Michaelides Mr & Mrs G Stein Mr & Mrs John C Tucker Howard & Sheelagh Watson Mr Laurie Watt Mr Anthony Yolland
Guy & Utti Whittaker Principal Benefactors Mark & Elizabeth Adams Jane Attias Lady Jane Berrill Desmond & Ruth Cecil Mr John H Cook Mrs Sonja Drexler Mr Charles Dumas David Ellen Commander Vincent Evans
Benefactors Mrs A Beare Dr & Mrs Alan Carrington CBE FRS Marika Cobbold & Michael Patchett-Joyce Mr & Mrs Stewart Cohen Mr Alistair Corbett Mr David Edgecombe Mr Richard Fernyhough Ken Follett
Michael & Christine Henry Mr Glenn Hurstfield Mr R K Jeha Mr & Mrs Maurice Lambert Mr Gerald Levin Sheila Ashley Lewis Wg. Cdr. & Mrs M T Liddiard OBE JP RAF Mr Frank Lim Paul & Brigitta Lock Mr Brian Marsh John Montgomery Mr & Mrs Egil Oldeide Edmund Pirouet Mr Peter Tausig Mrs Kazue Turner Lady Marina Vaizey Mr D Whitelock Hon. Benefactor Elliott Bernerd Hon. Life Members Kenneth Goode Mrs Jackie Rosenfeld OBE
The generosity of our Sponsors, Corporate Members, supporters and donors is gratefully acknowledged. Corporate Members Appleyard & Trew llp AREVA UK British American Business Brown Brothers Harriman Charles Russell Destination Québec – UK Diagonal Consulting Lazard Leventis Overseas Man Group plc Québec Government Office in London Corporate Donor Lombard Street Research In-kind Sponsors Google Inc Heineken The Langham London Lindt & Sprüngli Ltd Sela / Tilley’s Sweets Villa Maria
Trusts and Foundations Allianz Cultural Foundation The Andor Charitable Trust Ruth Berkowitz Charitable Trust The Boltini Trust Borletti-Buitoni Trust The Candide Charitable Trust The John S Cohen Foundation The Coutts Charitable Trust The Dorset Foundation The D’Oyly Carte Charitable Trust Dunard Fund The Equitable Charitable Trust The Eranda Foundation The Ernest Cook Trust The Fenton Arts Trust The Foyle Foundation The Jonathan & Jeniffer Harris Trust The Idlewild Trust The Emmanuel Kaye Foundation Maurice Marks Charitable Trust The Michael Marks Charitable Trust Marsh Christian Trust UK Friends of the FelixMendelssohn-Bartholdy Foundation
The Mercers’ Company Adam Mickiewicz Institute Paul Morgan Charitable Trust Maxwell Morrison Charitable Trust Musicians Benevolent Fund The R K Charitable Trust Serge Rachmaninoff Foundation The Rubin Foundation The Samuel Sebba Charitable Trust Sound Connections The Steel Charitable Trust The Bernard Sunley Charitable Foundation John Thaw Foundation The Sir Jules Thorn Charitable Trust The Underwood Trust Garfield Weston Foundation Youth Music and others who wish to remain anonymous.
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LPO Contemporaries First Birthday Party This evening’s concert marks the first anniversary of the launch of LPO Contemporaries, one of London’s most exciting and dynamic arts membership schemes. Aimed at young professionals in their 20s and 30s, LPO Contemporaries offers the opportunity to socialise, enjoy special events, see behind the scenes, and, above all, enjoy world class music. Alongside some fantastic concerts, over the last year our members have enjoyed a Christmas Party, exclusive evenings with our generous partners Skylon and Thomas Pink and a Champagne Saturday Open Rehearsal – music and bubbly at the Royal Festival Hall. Those joining at Executive Level have had the opportunity to see a production in rehearsal at Glyndebourne and to secure tickets to the Orchestra’s glittering Gala Dinner at Goldsmiths’ Hall last June. Tonight’s First Birthday Party will see the membership celebrate with pre and post-concert receptions including Villa Maria wines, delicious cocktails mixed by Skylon’s expert staff, and the obligatory birthday cupcakes! Tonight is also the first in the LPO Contemporaries three-concert subscription series. This strand, which runs across the year, pulls together three of our most compelling concerts offering members a 10% discount on some of the greatest music in the repertoire. In addition to tonight’s performance, the series includes Fauré’s Requiem, conducted by Yannick Nézet-Séguin, on Saturday 22 January and a tour de force of romanticism on Wednesday 4 May, when
LPO Contemporaries enjoying an Orchestra reception
Vladimir Jurowski will conduct favourites by Wagner, Strauss and Tchaikovsky. Young professionals who belong to the scheme not only benefit from an exciting window on the world of the London Philharmonic Orchestra but know that their annual subscription helps to support the Orchestra’s work both on and off the concert platform. We are proud to welcome so many of our founder members to celebrate a year of LPO Contemporaries and we look forward to an exciting future ahead. Come and join us! You can sign up online or by calling Elisenda Ayats on 020 7840 4225. For more information visit www.lpo.org.uk. Conductors We are delighted to announce that Vladimir Jurowski has extended his contract with the Orchestra until the end of the 2014/15 season. ‘My first three seasons as Principal Conductor of the London Philharmonic Orchestra have been a very happy and mutually enhancing relationship’, he reports. ‘I therefore look forward, more than ever, to the seasons ahead in which the Orchestra and I can continue to develop our artistic collaboration further.’ Congratulations to our Principal Guest Conductor, Yannick Nézet-Séguin, on his new appointment with the Philadelphia Orchestra. It was announced in June that he will be Music Director Designate of the Philadelphia Orchestra for the next two seasons before formally taking over as its Music Director in 2012 when his contract will run for a further five years. He will still remain as Music Director of the Rotterdam Philharmonic and we are delighted that he has extended his contract as Principal Guest Conductor with us until the end of the 2013/14 season. Ralf Sochaczewsky’s last concert as our Assistant Conductor was our Prom at the Royal Albert Hall on 15 August. Our Assistant Conductor from September to December 2010 will be Eduardo Portal who held the same position with the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment. From January 2011 onwards the Assistant Conductor will be Thomas Blunt who was Chorus Master at Glyndebourne from 2006 to 2009.
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BOARD OF DIRECTORS
Martin Höhmann Chairman Stewart McIlwham Vice-Chairman Sue Bohling Simon Carrington Lord Currie* Jonathan Dawson* Anne McAneney George Peniston Sir Bernard Rix* Kevin Rundell Sir Philip Thomas* Sir John Tooley* The Rt Hon. Lord Wakeham DL* Timothy Walker AM †
Timothy Walker AM † Chief Executive and Artistic Director
Andrew Chenery Orchestra Personnel Manager
Edmund Pirouet Consultant
Sarah Thomas Librarian
Philip Stuart Discographer
Michael Pattison Stage Manager
Gillian Pole Recordings Archive
THE LONDON PHILHARMONIC TRUST Pehr Gyllenhammar Chairman Desmond Cecil CMG Richard Karl Goeltz Jonathan Harris CBE FRICS Dr Catherine C. Høgel Martin Höhmann Angela Kessler Clive Marks OBE FCA Victoria Sharp Julian Simmonds Timothy Walker AM † Laurence Watt AMERICAN FRIENDS OF THE LONDON PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA, INC. We are very grateful to the Board of the American Friends of the London Philharmonic Orchestra for its support of the Orchestra’s activities in the USA. PROFESSIONAL SERVICES Charles Russell Solicitors Horwath Clark Whitehill LLP Auditors Dr Louise Miller Honorary Doctor
Alison Atkinson Digital Projects Manager FINANCE David Burke General Manager and Finance Director David Greenslade Finance and IT Manager CONCERT MANAGEMENT Roanna Chandler Concerts Director Ruth Sansom Artistic Administrator Graham Wood Concerts, Recordings and Glyndebourne Manager Alison Jones Concerts Co-ordinator Jenny Chadwick Tours and Engagements Manager Jo Orr PA to the Executive / Concerts Assistant
Camilla Begg Assistant Orchestra Personnel Manager Ken Graham Trucking Instrument Transportation (Tel: 01737 373305)
Nick Jackman Development Director Phoebe Rouse Corporate Relations Manager Sarah Tattersall Corporate Relations and Events Manager
Matthew Todd Education and Community Director
Ellie Dragonetti Marketing Co-ordinator
Alec Haylor Education and Community Assistant Richard Mallett Education and Community Producer
Photograph on the front cover by Pip Eastop.
Elizabeth Grew Intern
Kath Trout Marketing Director
Isobel Timms Community Officer
Photographs of Fauré, SaintSaëns and Stravinsky courtesy of the Royal College of Music, London.
Elisenda Ayats Development and Finance Officer
EDUCATION AND COMMUNITY PROGRAMME
www.lpo.org.uk Visit the website for full details of London Philharmonic Orchestra activities. The London Philharmonic Orchestra Limited is a registered charity No. 238045.
Melissa Van Emden Corporate Relations and Events Officer
Anne Findlay Education Officer
89 Albert Embankment London SE1 7TP Tel: 020 7840 4200 Fax: 020 7840 4201 Box Office: 020 7840 4242
Matthew Freeman Recordings Consultant
LONDON PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA
Programmes printed by Cantate.
Frances Cook Publications Manager Samantha Kendall Box Office Administrator (Tel: 020 7840 4242) Josephine Langston Temporary Marketing Assistant Charly Fraser-Annand Intern Valerie Barber Press Consultant (Tel: 020 7586 8560)
†Supported by Macquarie Group
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FUTURE CONCERTS AT SOUTHBANK CENTRE’S ROYAL FESTIVAL HALL
Wednesday 6 October 2010 | 7.30pm Suk Scherzo fantastique Chopin Piano Concerto No. 2 Dvořák Symphony No. 9 (From the New World) Neeme Järvi conductor Evgeny Kissin piano
JTI FRIDAY SERIES Friday 15 October 2010 | 7.30pm Berlioz Overture, Benvenuto Cellini Elgar Cello Concerto R Strauss Ein Heldenleben David Zinman conductor Truls Mørk cello
Neeme Järvi and Evgeny Kissin
David Zinman and Truls Mørk
Saturday 9 October 2010 | 7.30pm
Saturday 23 October 2010 | 7.00pm
Dvořák Te Deum Dvořák Stabat Mater
Rossini Aureliano in Palmira Concert performance given in association with Opera Rara. Sung in Italian with English surtitles. This performance will last approximately 2 hours 45 minutes including interval.
Neeme Järvi conductor Janice Watson soprano Sara Fulgoni mezzo soprano Peter Auty tenor Peter Rose bass London Philharmonic Choir
Maurizio Benini conductor Catriona Smith Zenobia Silvia Tro Santafé Arsace Kenneth Tarver Aureliano Andrew Foster-Williams Gran Sacerdote Ezgi Kutlu Publia Vuyani Mlinde Licinio Geoffrey Mitchell Choir Osmo Vänskä and Agata Szymczewska
Wednesday 13 October 2010 | 7.30pm Magnus Lindberg Al largo (UK première)* Mendelssohn Violin Concerto Walton Symphony No. 1 Osmo Vänskä conductor Agata Szymczewska violin 6.00pm–6.45pm | FREE Pre-Concert Event Royal Festival Hall A performance by children participating in the Bridge Project, a music education initiative in partnership with London Music Masters. For more information see www.londonmusicmasters.org *Commissioned by the New York Philharmonic Orchestra, London Philharmonic Orchestra and Casa da Musica Porto.
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Supported by the John S Cohen Foundation. 6.00pm–6.30pm | FREE Pre-Concert Event Royal Festival Hall Opera Rara continues its exploration of lesser known operas with a discussion around Rossini’s Aureliano in Palmira.
Tickets £9-£38 | Premium seats £55 6 October only: Tickets £12-£45 | Premium seats £60 London Philharmonic Orchestra Ticket Office 020 7840 4242 | www.lpo.org.uk Mon-Fri 10am-5pm; no booking fee Southbank Centre Ticket Office | 0844 847 9920 www.southbankcentre.co.uk/lpo Daily, 9am-8pm. £2.50 telephone / £1.45 online booking fees; no fee for Southbank Centre members