LT CHECKS AND
The Lion’s Tale | Volume 37 Issue 3 | November 21, 2019 | CESJDS | 11710 Hunters Lane Rockville, MD 20852
the lion’s tale
PG. 6-7 Are students prepared for the financial responsibility that comes with adulthood?
car payment rent due
Shir Madness performs at Kennedy Center pg. 02
25th "Friends" anniversary pg. 08
Best of fall pg. 12
the lion’s tale
News Briefs Nov. 27 STEM Day STEM-related speakers will present to high school students on the half-day before Thanksgiving Break.
RETAKE alex landy editor-in-chief
New policy allows retesting of individual ACT sections
the aggregate, if you’re looking at the entire country where that is happening, what does that do to the field of applicants and how do the colleges accept it?” While Director of College Guidance Susan Rexford is concerned about the planning and consulting process that went into instituting the change, she feels that, overall, the policy is beneficial to students. Rexford remarked that JDS’ college counselors are not yet sure how the school will be impacted by the new policy, which they and other counselors around the nation were not given prior knowledge of. “My guess is [the goal of the policy change was] to get more students to take the ACT because College Board [SAT organization] and ACT organization compete for students…. I do think that it is about grabbing attention and grabbing the
The American College Testing (ACT) organization announced this past month that it will allow students to retake individual sections on its college admissions test without Nov. 27-29 having to redo the exam entirely. Thanksgiving Break The policy, officially referred to as “ACT Section Retesting” on its The Lower School and website, will go into effect starting Upper School will dismiss Sept. 2020. The change, which could at 12:15 p.m. and 12:18 p.m., expedite and simplify the process respectively, on Nov. 27. JDS of improving students’ test scores, will be closed the following has elicited mixed reactions from two days. the CESJDS student body and the broader scholastic community. As part of a broader new ACT Dec. 12-13 initiative, the retesting policy also Parent-Teacher Conferences includes an automatic superscoring method that allows students to Upper School parents will combine their best scores on have the opportunity to speak individual test sections across to their children’s teachers. several exams in order There will be no classes on to receive their highest either day. composite score for “I think our scores will go up college submission. The ACT organization for our students, absolutely, Dec. 12, 14-15 introduced a new because if you are able to piece Rosenberg High School online score reporting Musical together your highest scores, system to provide test-takers with faster you’re going to score higher." High school theater members results. will perform “Chicago” - dean of academics Dean of for members of the JDS Academics Aileen aileen goldstein community on these three Goldstein views the days. Tickets will be available new policy as a step for purchase at tinyurl.com/ in the right direction yhd4joy7. towards leveling the playing field market share, probably,” Rexford for all test-takers, including students said. with testing accommodations, Rexford also added that most Dec. 23 but noted that she is uncertain JDS students opt to take the ACT Winter Break Begins how colleges and universities will exam because it aligns with the respond with admissions decisions. analytical and discussion-based JDS will be closed through “I think our scores will go up curriculum of the school. Despite Jan. 1. Classes will resume on for our students, absolutely, because not knowing how the new policy will Jan. 2. if you are able to piece together impact JDS students’ testing choices, your highest score, you’re going to she is sure that more students will compiled by score higher,” Goldstein said. “In take the ACT nationally. matthew rabinowitz
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According to Rexford, 62 percent of the graduating students in the Class of 2019 took the ACT exam, while just over 40 percent of them took the SAT. Even more drastic, 84 percent of the Class of 2018 took the ACT, while just under a third of the class took the SAT exam. These percentages do not add up evenly because some students took both. Students in the junior and sophomore classes studying for exams and deciding which exams to take also have thoughts about how the policy change could affect their individual test-taking results. Junior Sami Himmelfarb, who will be taking the ACT this year, had a mostly positive reaction to the new policy. Himmelfarb feels that it will help her target specific parts of the test that need “improvement.” “I think the goal was likely to allow students the time and energy to focus their efforts on other aspects of the college process,” Himmelfarb said. “It is much more efficient to only retake and study for an individual section; however, it might not be the most beneficial option for everyone taking the test.” Sophomore Eli Gordon, who has not yet determined which test he will take next year, says that the new ACT retesting policy will not impact his decision. Instead, the test where his scores are the highest will have greater weight over which exam he ultimately takes in his junior year. “I don’t think this new policy will decide which test I take because I’m just going to take whichever test I perform higher on,” Gordon said. “Whatever categories I’m better at depending on the test is the one I would want to take, instead of just taking the ACT because I can take separate sections individually.”
Under 33% of the Class of 2018 took the SAT
62% of the Class of 2019 took the ACT
84% of the Class of 2018 took the ACT
40% of the Class of 2019 took the SAT
compiled by maya preuss and matthew rabinowitz
“The policy makes me mad because I could have just taken the same section over and over again, and my score would have been so much better. Also, I wonder how this policy is going to affect colleges that superscore the ACT and whether tests will hold less weight since it is easier to get a better score now.” - senior amelia rich
“The policy is good for students like me who are taking the ACT because it is easier to not have to take several sections in one session, and you can sort of pace yourself as it is not as overwhelming when taking sections individually compared to taking it all at once.” - sophomore ellie hasenberg
“I feel like colleges are going to look at ACT-takers in a different way because they have an unfair advantage, so if colleges do know that you took the test multiple times and you got the highest score by taking individual sections that will probably not be the same as getting a high score now.” - junior yoav even
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Shir Madness to perform at Kennedy Center mischa trainor contributing editor Shir Madness, CESJDS’ a cappella group, will be performing at the Kennedy Center’s Millennium Stage on Dec. 17 at 6 p.m. The performance was organized by JDS alumna Rebecca Worris (‘16) who is a programming intern at Performing Arts For Everyone (PAFE). The Millennium Stage has a different free performance every day of the year. The PAFE department at the Kennedy Center is responsible for planning these performances, and it sets aside certain days for staff picks to help broaden the types of performances and reach new audiences. Rebecca saw that the Kennedy Center lacked Jewish music on its calendar for 2019, and she thought Shir Madness would be a good group to fill this need. Rebecca was a Shir Madness member when she was in high school, and her brother, junior Jonathan Morris, is currently in Shir Madness, so she had an easy way to contact the group. Rebecca started organizing the performance in the spring of 2019. Because the Kennedy Center was focusing on performances during the upcoming months rather
photo by maya preuss Shir Madness practices “Africa” by Toto, one of the eight new songs that they need to learn to fill their time at the Kennedy Center. Because of the Jewish holidays, Shir Madness has an hour and 15 minute long rehearsals each night to make up for lost time.
than those farther away, it took longer for Rebecca to figure out the logistics and get approval for the performance. Nevertheless, she worked hard to get Shir Madness a spot when she had the chance. “The Kennedy Center especially
is a big deal because of how well known it is,” Shir Madness student conductor senior Ethan Kulp said. “I just thought it was an amazing opportunity that Shir Madness would cherish and hopefully get closer through that experience.”
Exploring Jewish history
While the members of Shir Madness are excited to perform at the Kennedy Center, they have a lot of preparation to do. The group needs to perform 16 songs to fill the hour of performance time they have. Shir Madness has to learn at least eight
new songs and add choreography to its performance. “What’s made it difficult is that we’ve had to cram more into the amount of time we have because we haven’t really been able to add rehearsals especially with the [Jewish] holidays happening,” vocal music teacher and director of Shir Madness Aaron Dunn said. “We’ve just been having to pack more into the rehearsals that we have and occasionally [add] a CT or a lunch closer to the time.” Shir Madness prides itself on the bond between the members of the group; they grow closer to each other through singing and performing. The group also fosters a deep love of music and performing among its many members. “I was really proud of being in Shir Madness. It was an amazing group, and I had so much fun doing it and performing all throughout high school,” Rebecca said. “I think that, among other things, kept me really into performing and music, so that’s why when I was deciding where to intern, the Kennedy Center was among the places I was interested in because being around the arts is really important to me.”
Department creates program to educate teachers at CESJDS, beyond rochelle berman reporter
The CESJDS Center for Excellence and Engagement is a new project led by the Jewish History Department that was introduced to the faculty on a professional day in August. This endeavor was taken on to help educate faculty at other Jewish day schools and public schools about Jewish history and how to cohesively integrate it into their school. Jewish history teacher Rachel Bergstein is leading the project with help from the rest of the department. She recently participated in a teacher training meeting called “Humanizing Differences” in Loudoun County, Va. to discuss how different groups of people are represented in the county’s curriculum.
The first program meeting for JDS teachers took place on Nov. 18. For the beginner’s track, there was a crash course in Jewish history focusing on Ancient and Medieval times. Jewish history teacher Dr. Sara Coxe started off her session by asking the faculty, “What is Jewish history?” and “What was the first event that occurred in Jewish History?” While these questions are asked in high school classes like “Life Cycles,” many of the teachers in the beginner’s track were not able to answer. Upper School STEM Coordinator Cassandra Batson did not grow up affiliated with any religion and said she was grateful to be able to learn more about Jewish history. “Even before this project, I’ve already worked on several projects with other Jewish text teachers, so I feel like this gives me more
confidence in knowing what I’m getting myself into,” Batson said. In track two, which was intended for teachers with more prior knowledge of Jewish history, the meeting was run with a different approach. Rather than being lectured by a Jewish history expert, the teachers sat in groups in a smaller classroom and the lesson was more discussion-based. The Jewish history department plans to bring its program to both private and public schools. In many public schools, there is often only a single history class period devoted to learning about the Holocaust. There is an immense amount of information about the Holocaust that students should know, but this new initiative will work with schools to incorporate other significant historical and modern Jewish themes that could be taught during
the rest of the history curriculum. In private Jewish day schools, on the other hand, the program will help ensure that every teacher is equipped to address Jewish themes, historical figures and current events in their classes, no matter the subject they teach or their background. “High school can be very compartmentalized,” Bergstein said. “But Jewish history actually draws on so many things and tries to pull them together, which can be very interesting and exciting for students to know that the world is connected.” According to Bergstein, a lecture series on the project will be held for the larger JDS community in the spring of 2020. In the summer of 2021, Bergstein hopes to run the first teacher-administrator training session as the culmination of the project. In addition, Jewish history
teacher Dr. Daniel Rosenthal (‘00) plans to launch an online guide for educators currently teaching Jewish history courses in schools across the country as part of the CESJDS Center for Excellence and Engagement. “[The program] provides a lot of substance for this school in terms of how to construct an identity in the modern world among many different political challenges,” Rosenthal said. “Jewish history gives us many maps for how to do that and what that might look like.”
04 the lion’s tale
lion’s tale Editorial: Activism stuck in social media
editors-in-chief sabrina bramson, alex landy managing editor, copy oren minsk in-depth and design editor daphne kaplan news editor matthew rabinowitz, asst. maya preuss opinion editor izzy may, asst. jessica gallo features editors sally rogal, josie stein sports editor sophia miller, asst. mischa trainor style editor irit skulnik editorial cartoonist molly zatman reporters aaron adams, lincoln aftergood, tal arber, jonathan morris, ivan endelman, eva bard, hannah davis, rochelle berman, sophie kaplan, corinne zlotnitsky, zara ducker, maiyan lyani, mark polin, gabe siegel, matan silverberg staff adviser jessica nassau adviser emerita susan zuckerman Editorial and Ethics Policy As the student newspaper of the Charles E. Smith Jewish Day School, The Lion’s Tale is a public forum for student opinion and expression. All content is determined by students. Its purpose is to inform the CESJDS community and to express the views of its staff and readers. The staff has made every effort to ensure the accuracy and objectivity of its news. Signed columns reflect the opinion of the writer; staff editorials reflect the opinion of the majority of The Lion’s Tale editorial board. The Lion’s Tale staff welcomes letters to the editor and guest columns, all of which must be signed. The staff reserves the right to refuse any material and may edit letters or columns for length, clarity, libel, obscenity and/or disruptiveness.
In today’s day and age, there are more social movements than can be counted on two hands, including the #MeToo movement, the Black Lives Matter movement, the feminist movement, the environmental movement and so many more. And while all of these movements are important causes that deserve attention and action, many teenagers are supporting them in the wrong way. Both marches and social media are a popular way to demonstrate support for a cause. Teenagers show their involvement in a multitude of ways including going to march with a group of friends and reposting an image or video on Instagram or Snapchat stories about a particular movement. But many teenagers see attending one march or reposting one image or video as enough, as the peek and the completion of their involvement in activism. We must, however, not let this continue to be the norm. In the 21st century, we have grown up surrounded by progress, acceptance and action. But this has caused teenagers to care about a myriad of issues, instead of finding and pursuing one cause about which they are passionate.
The staff will adhere to the ethics policies of The Society of Professional Journalists and the National Scholastic Press Association. The adviser will be held to the Journalism Education Association’s Adviser Code of Ethics.
cover design by daphne kaplan cartoon courtesy of molly zatman
The media put the gun violence movement on display for millions of watching eyes. After a while, the attention dwindled and many people who once considered themselves part of the movement stopped advocating for change and speaking out. People moved on to the next issue that hit the media and left the gun violence movement behind. The issue pops back up again every time there is a mass shooting and then is, once again, forgotten. We must end this cycle. We
districts across the nation. Each state wanted at least one form of equal representation in the newborn country, so the Constitution mandated that each state have two senators directly elected by state legislators. This lasted until the Seventeenth Amendment, which gave citizens the ability to directly elect their Senators. Because of the Seventeenth Amendment, the Senate no longer stands for equal state representation in Congress but for unequal demographic representation. According to Census Bureau Projections from the Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service, 67 percent of the U.S. population will be housed in 15 states in 2040, which means that 67 percent of the U.S. population will only have 30 percent of the Senate’s representation. This is inherently flawed and is only more relevant in today’s
world. While the House is currently dominated by Democrats (according to the New York Times, Democrats won 52.5 percent of the combined House votes in 2018), the Senate is dominated by Republicans. Even if President Donald Trump is impeached by the House, he is less likely to be convicted by the Republican Senate, despite the Senate not actually representing the majority of U.S. voters based on population. States should not be equally represented by Congress; people should be represented because the federal government encompasses every American citizen. If state legislators want specific laws to be passed that would benefit their respective states, they already have a state government that enables them to do so and is not a detriment to democracy. Even a large state, such as Wyoming, that has few representatives in the House, is able
-The Lion’s Tale
The United States Senate should be abolished
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Nowadays, people post, march and talk about more than one social movement as an easy route when they should be committing their full attention to one cause for which they can become a strong, effective activist. For example, following the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School shooting in Parkland, Fl., many students showed their sympathy through attending the March for Our Lives rally and keeping up to date with the news coverage of the shooting survivors.
cannot continue to act like children in a toy store and only care about the newest, shiniest object in our line of sight. The top priority for teens today should be to find a cause you are passionate about. While it is important to care about more than one thing, focusing on too many social movements detracts from the impact you can have as it divides your attention and spreads your energy to act too thin. After finding that cause, you must first arm yourself with the facts. With modern-day technology, searching for background and information is very straightforward, but it is also very easy to falsify facts. You must, therefore, be careful when finding sources from which you learn. Once you are more educated, you can then lobby, post and march because you can make informed decisions about and then contribute to the particular movement you have chosen.
matthew rabinowitz contributing editor The United States Senate should be abolished. Yes, you read that correctly. When the U.S. declared independence in 1776, it consisted of 13 states that were autonomous colonies, each with their own unique societal and governmental structures. Just 11 years later, the Constitution established the Senate and the House of Representatives as the nation’s legislative bodies. Representatives were elected by citizens within evenly populated
to form laws within its borders. Although these states would not have much federal representation after a change like this, lobbyists from those states will still be able to petition representatives of all states. One might argue that the Senate is important in the U.S. government’s system of checks and balances because it adds another level of debate, but is it truly necessary? The judicial branch can determine whether or not laws passed by the House are constitutional or not, and the executive branch can veto Congressional bills. The House already checks the executive branch’s actions, so that level of balance would be preserved within the legislative branch. So, for the sake of America and in the spirit of democracy, the Senate should be abolished.
S Nful shopping jessica gallo assistant editor Just because some Americans want to harm their bodies with tobacco, alcohol and sugar-loaded drinks, that doesn’t mean you and I should have to pay for the health consequences of their behavior. Only one thing can keep us from being saddled with their health care expenses later in life: a sin tax. Sin taxes are an additional tax levied on products that are considered undesirable or harmful to the human body in addition to being costly for society in terms of health care. The goal of the tax is to use the extra money to pay for the long term medical care people may need, such as treatment for lung cancer, liver disease and diabetes. One reason to support sin taxes is that they can potentially help reduce unhealthy behaviors by making harmful products prohibitively expensive. There is only so much that some consumers can afford, especially if they need to make regular purchases to feed an addiction. In Maryland, there is currently an additional nine percent tax on alcoholic beverages, $2.37 combined tax for tobacco products (per pack, typically with 20
cigarettes), and up to 30 percent added tax on e-cigarettes. Maryland does not have an extra tax on sugary drinks such as Gatorade. However, according to the Washington Post, the D.C. Council announced a bill last month that would introduce a 1.5 cent-perounce tax on sugary beverages. The bill is intended to help reduce the level of type 2 diabetes and obesity among low-income residents and improve the health of the city. Sin taxes are subjective to certain products; they don’t cover everything. Lawmakers prioritize some health-related issues to address in terms of taxation, such as alcoholism and lung problems. In addition, other highly addictive products, such as sugary foods and drinks, vary in terms of taxation by state, even though they can cause serious health problems like diabetes, obesity and heart disease. Naturally, peoples’ health needs increase with age. But people who mistreat their bodies at a younger age have greater and more costly health needs than those who do not. Another major benefit of sin taxes is their ability to maintain the price of health insurance without driving up costs for everybody. By enabling the government to have extra money to potentially use for people who directly harmed their bodies, insurance companies won’t have to drive up prices for their other clients to cover those who cannot afford care. This is particularly appealing to voters who don’t want the cost of insurance to
be raised in order to pay for others. Despite many benefits of sin taxes, there are few downsides. First, though the state government may intend to use the collected taxes for health care, they might not actually spend them in that way. Sin taxes also may not hinder people from using harmful products. Even though the prices would be higher, the number of purchases might not decrease. Wealthier Americans will simply not be fazed by the added cost, while the poor would be truly impacted, paying more than they can afford for products they are dependent on. Although sin taxes cannot be guaranteed to be effective in all situations, they have the ability to decrease the demand for and use of harmful products. In addition to decreasing the number of purchases made, the tax also raises awareness about the detrimental effects of over-usage of these products and maintains the price of health care. More states and local governments should levy them.
the lion’s tale 05
Extra taxes deter poor health choices
additional tax on e-cigarettes in Maryland
cent per ounce
additional tax on sugared drinks in Washington, D.C.
additional combined tax on tobacco products in packs of 20 in Maryland
thoughts on sin taxes 9%
“Sin taxes add a cost to buying alcohol and drugs. If these taxes are in place, hopefully they could make it so some people won’t have enough money to continue buying these harmful products.” - sophomore Oren Swagel
“It’s a bit of a sacrifice financially, but its a fair cost to pay for the detrimental effects of these harmful products that cost our bodies and society as a whole.” - school nurse Heather Greenblum compiled by jessica gallo
tax on alcohol in Maryland
compiled by izzy may
06 the lion’s tale
Are students prepared for the financial responsiblity t
any private school students are given ample academic opportunities and are taught to prioritize their school work over earning their own money through after school jobs. Their parents may give them hefty allowances or frequently resupply debit cards. Some worry that this leaves students unprepared for life after high school and college, when students will need to pay their own bills and support themselves. Financial Culture at JDS The Lion’s Tale conducted several surveys to find out how CESJDS students’ financial means compare with students around the country. The results show that JDS students receive somewhat higher allowances but have much greater access to credit and debit cards. Somewhat fewer JDS students have jobs than teens nationally. The average allowance for teenagers across the country is 30 dollars a week, according to the New York Times; the average allowance for JDS students is slightly higher at 33 dollars from a survey of 48 JDS high school students. Additionally, in one of the Lion’s Tale surveys of 30 CESJDS high school students, they found that 29 percent have jobs, 6 percent less than the national average. Senior Davida Goldman works at Cabin John Ice Rink as a cashier and customer service
representative to save up for college tuition. Goldman does not receive an allowance from her parents and was “shocked” to hear about the national weekly average allowance. “When I go shopping, I’m the most frugal person in the world. I buy clothes very rarely, which I think is not very normal for JDS kids. They consider money to be something that just comes from somewhere, and you can use it however you want, and they don’t pay as much attention to the fact that it has limits,” Goldman said. How a student obtains their money affects how fiscally responsible each student is with their spending. According to a 2019 study by asset management company T. Rowe Price, about 17 percent of students across the country have a credit or debit card, compared to 75 percent of 66 JDS students surveyed. Some students may reload their own account, but given that only 29 percent have jobs, it is more likely that their parents are paying their bills. Senior Avigyle Heyman has observed students attitudes towards money at the Upper School and believes that allowances and debit cards greatly impact students’ points of view on spending and saving. “Obviously I think this school is a bit more privileged,” Heyman said. “This population has more debit and credit cards, and that might have to do with our peers and what they have.” Senior Sarah Edery works for the money she has on her debit card by taking on multiple jobs rather than
percent of JDS students have debit cards
receiving a steady allowance from her mother. She had two jobs over the summer, working at a Kombucha company and as a swim instructor, and continues to work during the school year as a tutor. Edery put the money she earned towards saving up for the Poland portion of the Irene and Daniel Simpkins Senior Capstone Israel Trip. “Some people don’t know what it means to work hard and think about money in a normal way, but they have the luxury of doing that,” Edery said. Edery’s mother, high school guidance counselor Rachel Soifer, said that her kids help out around the house by doing chores, but she will only give them spending money
they only occasionally pay for their own food, while another fourth of respondents say that they never pay for food. While eating out may not be a necessity, many kids use their parents’ money when they go out to lunch with friends. Sophomore Elliot Sher’s parents pay for his meals whenever he is out, which he views positively. “I think it’s good that my parents pay for my food because they don’t want me to have to worry about money as a kid,” Sher said. CESJDS’ Financial Education Efforts Before students head to college and face independent financial decision making, JDS will have
“Some people don’t know what it means to work hard and think about money in a normal way, but they have the luxury of doing that.”
- senior sarah edery
if what they want to buy is necessary or important. “I’ve always tried to help my kids think about priorities, and the difference between what they need and what they want,” Soifer said. Not every student at JDS is restricted to a certain budget each week or month; many students have the luxury of spending their parents’ money for things they want that may not be considered a necessity. About 25 percent of JDS students say
dollars per week is the average allowance for students
offered several opportunities for students to learn how to manage their money. Many JDS students believe that learning financial literacy in school is important. “Every student in America should know how [to manage their money],” Goldman said, asserting that a class on learning how to be fiscally responsible should be necessary. History teacher Eytan Apter helped to design a class to teach
students to be fiscally responsible at a young age. The class launched in the 2016-2017 school year and was part of a program known as Humanities Experience for the middle school. The class will resume this spring for current eighth-graders. The financial literacy class meets once a week for eight consecutive weeks. Lessons include learning how credit and debit cards work, how to manage credit and how to create a budget. Apter estimated that the entire program is equivalent to a quarter length class. While Apter understands that JDS middle school students will not be opening a credit card account anytime soon, he said that he hopes his class will help students think more practically about spending money and provide them with lessons they can reflect on when they grow up. “We take a theoretical approach to start thinking of these ideas now so that when they become of age they can be financially literate,” Apter said. While the course did not have any tests or quizzes, students were given projects that allowed them to apply their information. However, junior Moshe Zaremba, who took the class, expressed concern about retaining the information they learned in middle school once they reached adulthood. “You are then going to go through four years of high school and by the time you’re done, you are not going to remember any of the information you learned in that Friday class that met once a week in
percent of students occassionally pay for their own food
Survey of 20 percent of JDS high school students
izzy may and josie stein contributing editors
compiled by daphne kaplan
that comes with adulthood? eighth grade,” Zaremba said. Zaremba said that the class would be more beneficial if it were taken by juniors because they are at an age where they begin to think about their future with more clarity. JDS offers another opportunity to learn about managing money once students are older. During the weeks between the end of the first semester and graduation, seniors can take a financial literacy class as one of their senior workshops. Students are given a variety of workshop options to attend, and only have to choose a select few to participate in. Topics range from financial literacy to sexual assault awareness. Last year, this workshop was taught by former history teacher Mark Dworin. Dworin has been invited to return this year to teach the course to the Class of 2020. When Dworin still worked at JDS, he taught a high school economics elective, but according to Dean of Student Roslyn Landy, the class was not offered every year due to a lack of interest and trouble fitting it into students’ schedules. “There’s only so much you can offer, and some things have to wait for college,” Landy said. “Especially when you have a dual curriculum.” While these initiatives are well-intended, college graduate and JDS alumna Isabella Zissman (‘15) believes that the intricacies of financial literacy cannot be ingrained within a few classes. Zissman, who lives on her own in Philadelphia and pays her own rent, said that she wishes that she had learned more about “the ideal of working with a budget, learning to manage money in a smart way and not so much just spending money here and there in high school.” Director of College Guidance Sue Rexford agrees that teaching and learning financial literacy in high school is imperative. She hopes that students learn about credit, as they will have the opportunity to build a credit score in college. “No student should ever
graduate high school without a certain level of financial literacy,” Rexford said. “That’s something that comes with giving you enough independence to have to start making your own decisions, without giving you so much independence that you go overboard with it. It’s a learning process.” Financial Independence After Graduation After graduation, students face a new environment where most have to learn to be financially independent. While the school has taken some action to prepare students, JDS families come from various financial backgrounds, making it more difficult to advise a wide variety of students. “I think a lot of people are still going to be using their parents’ money in college and they won’t be getting jobs,” Edery said. “They do need to understand that one day you’ll have to work to pay off all this student debt.” Zissman noted that many students, upon entering college, had to begin thinking about money in a way that they never did in high school. “In college, [talking about finances] was a conversation that I found myself in with people who did have to think about it on a more necessary basis than I did, but I think that before I went to college it wasn’t as much of a conversation,” Zissman said. When a student has little-to-noexperience supporting themselves financially in high school, it is unrealistic to expect them to feel fully confident and make welleducated decisions after college. Junior Hailey Block understands this dilemma but hopes to overcome it as she gets older. “I tend to waste my [spending] money on stupid things,” Block said. “But I think if I was on my own and taking things seriously, I would be able to figure it out.” One issue that occurs when
graduates do not manage their budgets effectively is a heavy college debt that accumulates with interest. “One thing that I do have a fair amount of exposure to is how many grown-ups have college debt,” Soifer said. According to Rexford, about 40 percent of the class of 2020 applied Early Decision to college, meaning that an acceptance is binding and that a family has to be comfortable with the cost of attendance if accepted. However, Rexford recognizes that at a college, it’s uncommon to have 40 percent of students attend without receiving significant financial aid. “Many families that you would not think [need it] still require financial assistance to pay those hefty tuition tags,” Rexford said. While the Early Decision statistic may cause some students to feel pressured to apply Early Decision or be left out if they do not, Rexford said that students should be honest during this process so they don’t end up in debt later. “Students at this age are not aware of what it means to have to pay 70 thousand plus dollars to go to college for one year, and what that could mean for them if part of that payment of college involves a huge amount of loan on their part,” Rexford said. In her decades of working as a college counselor, Rexford has advised hundreds of students and has learned that while where one goes to college is important, a student should select a school that helps them grow as a person. She has advised students who cannot afford to apply Early Decision, but end up extremely successful regardless. “Students could end up starting their life after college already further in debt,” Rexford said. “And my guideline is that I don’t want them to be further in debt than the price of a new car.” While Zissman was fortunate enough to have her parents pay for her tuition at Muhlenberg College, she recalled that many of her peers
were not in the same situation. The conversation of budgets and managing money was not very prevalent amongst her friend group in high school. “It was not as much of a conversation as it should have been,” Zissman said, “It was an assumption that our parents would pay for the things that we did.” Landy believes in teaching financial literacy to prepare students for fiscal independence, but says that the school can only accomplish so much, because at the end of the day, it is the parents’ responsibility. “If you look around, you know that some kids can spend whatever they want, and some parents are reasonable and good to their children, but they say, ‘enough, Dayeinu,’ you’ve spent enough this week,” Landy said. “Parents need to teach their children fiscal responsibility by saying ‘you have an allowance, you have a limit.’ The school can’t do that; the parents need to do that.”
photo illustration by jonathan morris
in-depth the lion’s tale 07
08 the lion’s tale
25 years of
F R I E N D S
Looking back on the iconic sitcom maiyan lyani reporter Four claps, ten seasons, 236 episodes and 25 years later, NBC’s “Friends” has remained one of the most popular and relatable sitcoms in the world. Available on Netflix until the end of this year, the show has gained popularity among teens and young adults all over the world. “Friends” first aired on Sept. 22, 1994, and ended on May 6, 2004. Its 25th anniversary was celebrated with a “Friends” pop-up store in New York. Several episodes also aired in select theaters, collaborations with many companies including Lego
and AT&T were formed and a new “Friends” application with stickers, wallpapers, trivia and recipes from the show was released. Math Department Chair and teacher Reuben Silberman was a junior in high school when the show aired. He commends the show’s writers for taking a standard plot about six friends in their 20s and crafting a sitcom that wasn’t simply funny, but one that also showed developing relationships. Silberman is reading a book about the show called “Generation Friends” by Saul Austerlitz, his best friend from college. In the book, Austerlitz writes about how
photo illustration by sally rogal
important it was to get the casting for “Friends” just right. “I think it’s the perfect cast,” Silberman said. “Once the showrunners saw those cast members they were like, ‘Yeah, this is exactly the person who’s going to bring this to life.” While Silberman has watched most of the show, middle school English teacher Abigail Rothstein has only watched a few episodes. Rothstein said she is able to relate to characters who figure out how to be adults after college. “You talk to anyone and they love [the] show and I think it adds such a nice kind of nostalgic good
Which "Friends" character are you?
feeling … for people who either watched the show as it came on air or people younger than that who watch it on Netflix,” Rothstein said. Silberman said he thinks the show is trendy now because “it really helps you sort of look forward to being that age.” Rothstein agrees with Silberman that the show provides an idealistic version of what it’s like to be in one’s 20s. “I live in an apartment and my apartment does not look like that, my social life does not look like that all the time,” Rothstein said. “So there are parts that I’m like, ‘This is way fabricated and over-embellished.’”
Still, it’s a fantasy that many teen viewers find appealing, including sophomore Rebecca Bender. She was hoping to visit the Central-Perkthemed pop-up store in New York but didn’t find time to go, despite how excited she was about it. “I think that they did a really good job casting it and the characters are really similar to the actual people and it made it so much more realistic and entertaining to watch,” Bender said. “It just built up this legacy and that’s what makes it so iconic.”
If you got mostly A's, you are... Ross
1. What do you do for fun? A: Go to museums B: Go shopping C: Acting D: Play guitar E: Cook F: Make jokes
2. What’s your dream trip? A: Machu Picchu B: Beach C: Hollywood D: Yoga retreat E: A vineyard F: Las Vegas
3. What’s your pickup line? A: You’re my lobster. B: Do you like coffee? C: How you doin’? D: My number is cuter than my name. E: Let’s get dinner. F: I’m a great listener.
4. What’s your dream job? A: Scientist B: Stylist C: Being famous D: Musician E: Restaurant owner F: Marketing executive
5. Favorite food? A: Bagels B: Salad C: Pizza D: Fruit E: Steak F: Pasta
6. How would you spend $100? A: At Barnes & Nobles B: On new shoes C: Buy a new TV D: Buy new albums E: On a fancy planner F: On snacks
If you got mostly C's, you are... Joey
7. Are you in a relationship? A: Always B: I like a good fling C: Just casual ones D: Only serious ones E: In search of a spouse F: I’m not good at them
8. Favorite genre of music? A: Classical B: Pop C: Rap D: Indie/folk E: I don’t have time for it F: Classic rock
9. How outgoing are you? A: Very introverted B: I hate being alone C: I’m a goofy extrovert D: Social butterfly E: Very, OK being alone F: Work hard, play harder
If you got mostly E's, you are... Monica
compiled by sally rogal and josie stein
If you got mostly B's, you are... Rachel
If you got mostly D's, you are... Phoebe
If you got mostly F's, you are...Chandler
the lion’s tale
Fresh take on racy musical "Chicago" maya preuss contributing editor
An affair. A scorned lover. A murder. A power-hungry prison warden. A charming lawyer. It’s just another day on the set of “Chicago,” the musical. Several racy elements of the suggestive musical prompted the creation of “Chicago: High School Edition,” which CESJDS will perform on Thursday, Dec. 12, Saturday, Dec. 14 and Sunday, Dec. 15. “Chicago,” made famous by choreographer Bob Fosse, is very different from musicals JDS has put on in past years. “Chicago” focuses on two women, Roxie Hart and Velma Kelly, played by senior Davida Goldman and junior Ruby Mendelson respectively, who both seem to have become murderers. Chicago’s craftiest lawyer, Billy Flynn, played by senior Dylan Fox, decides to take on both of their cases and turn them into the newest celebrities in order
to sway the public’s opinion. “This year’s [musical is] ultimately a much darker message that we’re presenting,” Goldman said. “We’re challenging the way Americans view celebrities and fame and JDS hasn’t done a musical like this in a long time.” Since this year’s musical is a very dance-intensive show, Director of Arts Education and “Chicago” director Dr. David Solomon brought in a professional choreographer to work alongside senior Maya Bellas, who has choreographed the high school musicals in past years. “It’s much more difficult because I haven’t been trained in flapper dancing,” Bellas said. “I’ve taken different styles of dance but I’m not a dancer from the 1920s so I’ve had to look for a lot of inspiration from other shows and other 1920s dance moves that I’ve compiled together to use for my own choreography.” “Chicago: High School Edition”
includes several changes to the original musical. For instance, the editing included shortening the dialogue, making it easier for high school students to perform with a shorter run time, and taking out some of the more explicit parts, such as cutting verses from one of the more popular songs, “When You’re Good to Mama.” However, during rehearsals, the cast has found some instances where parts of the script that were edited did not need to be. They then decided to change some elements of the edited version back to their original form. “It’s a relatively new version of ‘Chicago.’ It came out late last year where it has been reconstructed for high school students,” Solomon said. “It’s a difficult show both in terms of its demands and expectations of the performers. The high school edition makes it a little more compact and edits it down.”
Many of the dance segments were cut for length since the show is generally a two hour and 20-minute show, but now it will be between an hour and a half and an hour and forty-five minutes. “[‘Chicago’ is] such a great show; I hope that everyone comes to see it,” Solomon said. “It’s a classic 1970s musical that then became the famous movie that won the Oscar and it’s funny, it’s satire, it’s a musical that has a lot of meat to it in that it reflects upon its times.”
photo by naomi jaray "Chicago: High School Edition" cast members junior Ruby Mendelson and senior Dylan Fox rehearse for the upcoming musical.
Seriously into squirrels New science teacher's research paper goes viral mark polin guest writer On a cold Ohio morning in 2015, Oberlin College student Emma Lucore pulled a little red wagon full of equipment through town to research squirrels. Little did she know that her research would make her a media sensation a few years later just as she was starting her teaching career at CESJDS in 2019. Lucore was in her senior year of college at Oberlin and needed to conduct a senior thesis project. A potential research topic was squirrels; she already knew that birds eavesdropped on other birds’ chatter. “I was curious about whether squirrels were also eavesdropping on other information that birds said,” Lucore said. With this question in mind, Lucore knew what her senior thesis project would be. For the next couple of months, Lucore woke up early in the morning and went to the forest to find squirrels. Once Lucore was in the forest, she played bird noises using a
photo by jessica gallo Science teacher Emma Lucore writes down a science warm up for her ninth grade students. Lucore teaches biology.
speaker and an MP3 player to observe how the squirrels reacted to the bird noises. If the squirrels were threatened by the noises, they froze or ran. If not, they kept on going about their business. After a couple of months, Lucore concluded that squirrels do eavesdrop on bird chatter. She also discovered that if birds act calmly, then squirrels also act calmly.
“Squirrels are a neat species and they are common...And they thrive…” Lucore said. “If squirrels benefit from listening to other animals’ conversations then we can assume that there are others who do the same and we can learn from them.” Lucore was happy with her study’s results and moved on to her next adventure of getting her master’s degree in biology
at American University, and then becoming a high school biology teacher at JDS this year. Some time passed and Lucore got a call from her friend Marie Lilly, who was in her senior year of college at Oberlin. Lilly told Lucore that she wanted to add on to Lucore’s research about squirrels for her senior thesis project. “We were very excited when we found out that there were patterns in the research,” Lucore said. “I got very excited when we decided to try and publish the research.” Lucore and her team submitted the research to Plus One Scientific Journal and after a couple of weeks, the journal published the findings. At first, Lucore did not think that her study would become very famous. “We thought only maybe a couple of blogs would pick it up,” Lucore said. To Lucore’s surprise, she got many interview requests and her research started to receive widespread attention. Several publications across the United States, including NPR, the New York Times, the Nova science
blog and the Austrian Public Radio, covered Lucore’s study. Lucore’s new students are all interested in and fascinated by her study. “Ms. Lucore’s squirrel study is interesting,” freshman Elliot Bramson said. “...I think her study helps her know more things, so she can answer our questions better.” Lucore said that she learned a lot from the process of conducting her research and having it read by so many people, encouraging her to inspire students about the value of persistence. “I wasn’t sure that I wanted to be a scientist,” Lucore said. “I think if you’re not having a great experience with science, keep giving it a try because you might find something you really love … and you never know, you might get published.”
10 the lion’s tale
Winter Season Sports Schedule Nov. 21 - Girls Varsity Basketball @ Spencerville Adventist Academy 5 p.m. Nov. 21 - Boys Varsity Basketball @ Spencerville Adventist Academy 6:30 p.m. Nov. 21 - Girls Middle School Basketball vs. Edmund Burke School 4:30 p.m. Nov. 23- Girls Varsity Basketball vs. Beth Tfiloh 7 p.m. Nov. 23- Boys Varsity Basketball vs. Beth Tfiloh 9 p.m. Nov. 25 - Girls Varsity Basketball vs. Georgetown Day School 4:30 p.m. Nov. 25 - Girls Middle School Basketball @ Milton Gottesman Jewish Day School 3:45 p.m. Nov. 25 - Boys Middle Schol Basketball @ Milton Gottesman Jewish Day School 4:45 p.m. Dec. 2 - Girls Varsity Basketball @ Washington Christian Academy 4 p.m. Dec. 2 - Boys Varsity Basketball @ Washington Christian Academy 5:30 p.m. Dec. 3 - Boys Middle School Basketball @ Mclean School 4 p.m. Dec. 3 - Girls Middle School Basketball vs. Mclean School 4:30 p.m. Dec. 4 - Boys Varsity Basketball vs. Sandy Spring Friends School 6 p.m. Dec. 4 - Girls Middle School Basketball @ Oakrest 4:15 p.m. Dec. 4 - Boys Middle School Basketball vs. St. Anselms 4:30 p.m.
compiled by sophia miller
Running to DIVISION I Former CESJDS runner Daniel Weiss became the first JDS student to join a Division I running roster ivan endelman reporter The moment Cornell cross country coach Mike Henderson told Daniel Weiss (‘18) he made the varsity cross country team was not an ordinary one. The announcement was made to the whole team, and afterward, the room went wild. It took 18 months of hard work and perseverance to achieve this milestone, but Weiss is now officially the first CESJDS student to ever join a Division I running roster. Before going to college, Weiss had his final and most successful cross country season at JDS in 2017. That year, he not only led the boy’s team to win their fourth consecutive PVAC banner, but also carried JDS to its first state championship in spectacular fashion. In the opening stretch of the race, Weiss lost his shoe. Instead of giving up, he persevered through 20-degree weather and ran five kilometers to place second in the race, leading the team to victory. Throughout his childhood and running career, Weiss suffered from arthritis, making excelling in high school running an even greater feat. Because of this complication throughout his running career, he occasionally had to take time off to travel to receive treatments such as shots for his knee. Although he was successful in high school despite his physical
struggles, after graduating, the cards were stacked against him. It became evident in his freshman year that there was much progress to be made before making the Cornell team after Weiss came up short in a time trial in the fall of 2018. After not qualifying for the
JDS and Cornell was the level of competitiveness. Before graduating, Weiss had been the captain for his team and a leader on and off the field, but the transition to college athletics forced him to go about running with a different mindset. “I went from being the best runner on the JDS team to one of the last runners on “I went from being the best runner the Cornell team, on the JDS team to one of the ...but I actually [like] it because it last runners on the Cornell team, gives me people to ... but I actually [like] it because chase after, which gives me people to chase after, is the best way to improve,” Weiss which is the best way to improve.” said. E a r n i n g - alumnus daniel weiss (‘18) a spot on the Cornell team took time, effort team, Weiss joined as a manager and perseverance, but the journey in order to keep training. Although started with Weiss’ work ethic and hopeful that he would join the team passion in high school. Throughout in the spring of 2019, Weiss again his time coaching Weiss, JDS’ head came up short. After this setback, cross country coach Jason Belinke he continued to train after class watched Weiss grow into a leader and late at night. Fitting in training for the team. with an already busy schedule was “[Weiss] is one of the most a formidable challenge, but Weiss dedicated, passionate and stuck with it. consistent runners I have When making the team seemed ever coached. Those nearly impossible after Cornell attributes, combined recruited an impressive freshman with his incredible class, Weiss finally got called to grit, have led him to join the team during the fall of his tremendous success in sophomore year. running and in so many other The main difference between facets of his life,” Belinke said.
While the last couple of months have been filled with changes to his life, Weiss has settled into a steady rhythm on the team, finding a balance between three hours of training each day and school work. “[Cross country] helps set up your day. It is the part I look forward to. I live in a house with all the other guys on the team, and it’s really truly relaxing sometimes,” Weiss said.
Daniel Weiss, center-right, and his Cornell teamates huddle before racing an 8k.
photo courtesy of daniel weiss
Day in the life of a player at Cooper Invitational zach gross guest writer 9:00 a.m.: Alarm goes off. 9:05 a.m.: Finally get out of bed after five minutes of sophomore Eli Gordon jumping on me. 9:30 a.m.: Walk to Kroger’s for breakfast. Order almost everything from the bakery. 9:45 a.m.: Walk back to the hotel and put on my jersey. 10:00 a.m.: Meet the team in the hotel lobby. 10:05 a.m.: Jam the entire 13-person
team into a single van and drive to the Jewish Community Center (JCC). 10:15 a.m.: Stretch and get ready for the game. 11:00 a.m.: Game begins. 12:15 p.m.: Celebrate after winning the game. 12:30 p.m.: Watch other games at the JCC. 1:30 p.m.: Drive to get lunch. 2:00 p.m.: Go back to the hotel and play PlayStation 4 games. 4:00 p.m.: Try to do homework, but get distracted by everyone screaming.
4:05 p.m.: Go to Kroger’s to get snacks. 7:00 p.m.: Order dinner to the hotel with the team. 8:00 p.m.: Ditch the planned activities. 11:00 p.m.: Go get doughnuts. They were pretty bad. 1:00 a.m.: Try to get to sleep. (Good luck sleeping with Gordon in your room.)
photo courtesy of cooper invitational Junior Jake Rulnick attempts a lay up.
the lion’s tale 11
Varsity Boys Soccer
Varsity Girls Tennis 3
The girls varsity tennis team finished their regular season first, but they ultimately lost in playoffs. “The season was really fun,” sophomore Dalia Hochstein said. “The team is really amazing and we are all very close, practices and matches are always fun, [and] we won a lot of matches.”
Varsity Girls Volleyball The girls varsity volleyball team made it to the first round of playoffs and finished their regular season with a record of 5-5. “We had a lot of challenges transitioning to a new coach, but overall [the season] was really good.... [Winning PVAC volleyball player of the year] was an honor to be recognized by not only my coaches and my team but the PVAC as a whole, especially being the first person from JDS,” junior Ella Messler said.
The boys varsity soccer team made it to the semi final round of playoffs and finished their regular season with a record of 5-4. “This season was one of the best ones in a couple of years. We had a really good team, and we made it to the semi-final,” freshman Benjamin Bass said. “We had really good team chemistry; … everyone bonded and everyone was friends from the first day.”
FALL Fall SEASON Season RECAP Recap compiled by sophie kaplan
1. Senior captain Yoni Preuss defends a ball against Hebrew Academy. Preuss received first team all PVAC honors. “It was an honor to be put on the first team for the PVAC, and I am proud of the work that I put in and the team put in and proud of where we got,” Preuss said. 2. Freshman Talia Sporkin dribbles around an opponent in a match against the McLean school. 3. Freshman Ella Sheintal competes at the PVAC Championship. She placed second in the race. 4. Helping his team win the championship, junior Adam Alter turns a bend at the PVAC Championship. 5. With the game on the line, junior Ella Messler prepares to serve the ball in the fifth set. 6. Sophomore Hannah Sloane prepares to serve in a scrimmage against a teammate.
photos courtesy of dimensions
Varsity Girls Soccer The girls varsity soccer team finished their regular season with a record of 4-4, and ultimately advances to the quarter finals of the playoffs. “The season has been going pretty well. We definitely learned how to work together as a team, which is good because we got a lot of new players and we had some injuries,” senior Josie Levine said.
Varsity Cross Country At their championship meet, the girls varsity cross country team finished second and the boys varsity finished first. “We worked really hard throughout the whole season. We had a lot of practices even early on Sunday mornings and it really paid off. Our high school teams got first and second; we did really well,” sophomore Nathan Gershman said.
12 the lion’s tale
Sunday Morning Bakehouse hits the spot irit skulnik style editor Sunday Morning Bakehouse offers delicious baked goods, teas and fresh coffee drinks to shoppers in the heart of Pike and Rose in North Bethesda. Sitting between Sweetgreen and Drybar, this new bakery truly hits the spot with its homemade treats. Upon entering the restaurant, my parents and I proceeded to stand in line to order. The line was a bit lengthy but gave us ample time to scan the menu. The food portion of the menu features baked goods, breads, sandwiches and toasts. Next to the line, there is a glass display of the baked goods which are made fresh daily. I chose to get a cinnamon brioche doughnut and an herbal flowering tea, which was made with hops, marigolds, lavender, mint, chamomile and jasmine. My dad ordered the avocado toast on sourdough bread, and my mom ordered a traditional croissant. The ordering and payment process was easy and the staff were friendly. Afterward, we, fortunately, found the last open table in the limited seating area. I appreciated the short waiting time for my tea. I was pleased to see that the tea was loose leaf, rather than a stale tea bag. It was nutty and fruity, and I could taste each ingredient in the bag very distinctly. It was really tasty and paired well
with my doughnut. The doughnut and croissant came out fast since they were already made. However, the wait time for the made-to-order avocado toast was lengthy, but the freshness was worth the wait. The doughnut was my favorite dish of the three we ordered. It had a perfect combination of textures: crispy on the outside but soft and gooey on the inside. The cinnamon and sugar layered on the outside added a whole other flavor to the it. I was pleased that they had heated it before handing it to me. Doughnuts at Dunkin’ don’t begin to compare to these delicious confections. It was so fresh and simple that it didn’t even taste like a normal doughnut; it was so much better. I also enjoyed the avocado toast. The bread was crunchy and crispy, and the avocado itself had salt, pepper and oil mixed in with it. The dish was topped with bean sprouts. The sprouts added a bit more of a crunch to the dish. I enjoyed the simplicity of the dish and the few ingredients made the avocado shine while emphasizing its flavor. Lastly, I tried their traditional croissant which was pretty average. I was really excited to try it as the croissants are freshly baked, but I was disappointed. It was not much better than a croissant from Starbucks, which prepares hot items in a microwave oven, across the street. The croissant was $3.75, the avocado toast was $5.00 and the
doughnut was $4.20. I thought these prices were reasonable considering the freshness of the ingredients. While the food was amazing, the bakery itself had a very plain exterior with double doors and large windows. The interior stuck to the basic colors of gray and white with subtle wooden accents, but I was pleased to see all the greenery incorporated on the shelves. The environment felt very cold and industrial to me, as if it is the type of place you should order your food to go. It didn’t feel inviting or warm, which I thought was strange for the bakery; it’s called Sunday Morning Bakehouse, and to me, Sunday morning implies getting cozy and staying awhile. Despite the poor ambiance, I highly recommend Sunday Morning Bakehouse. Whether you’re in the mood for yummy baked goods, a delicious tea or even a sandwich, this is the place to go. The quality of the ingredients and the freshness of the dishes is what makes these simple foods so amazing.
Sunday Morning Bakehouse is located at 11869 Grand Park Ave, North Bethesda. Hours are Monday-Friday from 7 a.m.-4 p.m. and SaturdaySunday from 8 a.m.-4 p.m.
photos by irit skulnik 1. The owner of Sunday Morning Bakehouse, Caroline Yi, hand rolls croissants daily. 2. Yi’s mother prepares toast made with avocado, oil, salt, pepper and bean sprouts. 3. The bakery features a wide selection of breads and pastries such as matcha croissants and jelly doughnuts.
Best of fall 2019
Style: Animal print
Song: "Ransom" by Lil Tecca
“My favorite fall trend is animal print because it is very unique and it makes me feel confident.” - junior Jane Trainor
“I think it’s cool that he’s close to my age and that everyone listens to his song.” - seventh-grader Isaac Mendelsohn
Food: Pumpkin anything
“They are comfortable and warm and I can wear them with more casual outfits and slightly nicer outfits.” - Athletic Director Becky Silberman
“I think that pumpkins are really yummy and they just put you in the mood for fall and coziness.” - sophomore Zoe Wertlieb
Which is your favorite fall trend? go vote on the lionstale.org
compiled by eva bard