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Universal Design Standards for Interior Wayfinding and Signage at the University of California, Davis

2016 ⠠⠥⠝⠊⠧⠑⠗⠎⠁⠇⠀⠠⠙⠑⠎⠊⠛⠝⠀ ⠋⠕⠗⠀⠎⠊⠛⠝⠁⠛⠑⠀⠁⠝⠙⠀⠺⠁⠽⠋⠊⠝⠙⠊⠝⠛ ⠁⠞⠀⠠⠥⠠⠉⠀⠠⠙⠁⠧⠊⠎

Jason Lin


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5 INTRODUCTION 6 Braille 10 Pictogram 12 INTERIOR IDENTIFICATION SIGNAGE 14 Typography 16 Colors 18 Location 20 Summary 22 INTERIOR DIRECTIONAL SIGNAGE 24 Typography 26 Colors 28 Location 30 Summary 32 TACTILE PAVEMENT SYSTEM 34 Typography 36 Patterns 40 Location 42 Summary


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INTRODUCTION

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) signed into law in 1990 has made it illegal to discriminate against the disabled in access to goods, services, and employment. It is the responsibility of the owner of goods and services to be knowledgeable in aspects of these accessibility guidelines. The University of California, Davis is the home to over 30,000 students. Many of these students are disabled. Disabilities such as cerebral palsy and vision impairment make navigating the university campus much more difficult. Current ADA signage guidelines lack a consistent form of directional signage for interior use. The following guidelines seek to create a wayfinding system that is in tune with the university’s own branding guidelines. Additionally, it hopes to create more accessible spaces and a consistent method of placing and designing directional signage and other physical wayfinding materials for the interiors of buildings.

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BRAILLE GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS ›› Braille should be contracted Grade 2 Braille. ›› Use sentence case. ›› Braille should be domed. ›› Braille should be placed 3/8” below all other characters. ›› Braille is never multilined.

domed braille


GRADE 2 BRAILLE ALPHABET

⠁⠃⠉⠙⠑⠋⠛⠓⠊ ⠚⠅⠇⠍⠝⠕⠏⠟⠗ ⠎⠞⠥⠧⠺⠭⠽⠵ a

b

j

k

s

t

c

d

e

f

g

h

i

l

m

n

o

p

q

r

u

v

w

x

y

z

⠠ ⠼ ⠠ ⠃ ⠕ = Bo ⠼ ⠉ ⠓ = 38 Number Follows

Capital Letter Follows

capitalize

+

b

+

o

=

Bo

#

+

c

+

h

=

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BRAILLE MEASUREMENTS ›› A: Dot Diameter – 0.06” ›› B: Distance between two dots in the same cell – 0.1” ›› C: Distance between dots in adjacent cells – 0.3” ›› D: Dot Height – 0.025”


B: Distance between two dots in the same cell

â ?â ş A: Dot Diameter

C: Distance between two dots in adjacent cells


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PICTOGRAM GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS ›› Pictograms should sit within a 6” square with no other elements present in this field. ›› 3/8” separation between 6” square and raised characters ›› Raised characters should be placed below the square ›› Braille is placed below the raised characters. ›› If directional signage is placed on a wall, the arrow pictogram should be raised.

No other types of arrows are to be used for directional signage.


REQUIRED SYMBOLS ›› The International Symbol of Accessibility is required when not all restrooms, entrances, or elevators in a building are accessible. ›› Public TTY’s should be identified with the International TTY symbol. ›› Telephones with volume control are identified with a pictogram. ›› Areas where assistive listening systems are required should display the international Symbol of Hearing Loss.

Clockwise from top left: International Sign of Accessibility, International Symbol of TTY, Assistive Listening Systems Symbol, and Vlume Control Telephone Symbol.


SIGNA INTER IDENT 12


AGE RIOR TIFICA INTERIOR IDENTIFICATION SIGNAGE

⠊⠝⠞⠑⠗⠊⠕⠗⠀ ⠊⠙⠑⠝⠞⠊⠋⠊⠉⠁⠞⠊⠕⠝⠀ ⠎⠊⠛⠝⠁⠛⠑


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TYPOGRAPHY GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS ›› Typeface: Fruitiger 55 ›› Only upper case characters ›› No italics or bold

ABCDEFG HIJKLMN OPQRSTU VWXYZ01 23456789 Frutiger 55


FINISH AND CONTRAST

RAISED CHARACTER SIZE

SPACING

›› The characters and background

›› The characters should be 1” in

›› The spacing between each

should have a non-glare finish.

height.

›› Characters should have a 70%

›› The characters should be raised at

contrast in Light Reflectance

least 1/32” off the background.

character should be at least 1/8” ›› The spacing between multiple lines should be 0.5”

Value (LRV)

ROOM 2016 1=

LRV1 - LRV2

2=

LRV1

=

LRV Contrast = 93%

1”

1/2”

85 - 6 85

1/32”

LINE 1 LINE 2 1/8”


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COLOR SIGNAGE COLOR CHOICE ›› The main colors of signage should be in line with the University’s current branding guidelines given that they also provide the adequate light reflectance value. ›› UC Davis blue (PMS295) ›› Gold (PMS1235) NOTE: this is not the official UC Davis gold, this is a lighter shade chose to provide better contrast.


IDENTIFICATION SIGNAGE COLOR ›› Pictogram Base: PMS1235 ›› Pictogram: Black

›› Raised Characters Base: PMS295 ›› Raised Characters: White

›› Braille Base: PMS295 ›› Braille: White or same as base color

2308 ⠼⠃⠉⠚⠓


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LOCATION STANDARD LOCATIONS ›› Signs identifying a permanent room should be mounted on the wall next to the door on the side of the door handle. ›› The baseline of the raised characters of the sign should be located at 54” off the ground.

54”


NO MOUNTING SPACE

OUTWARDS SWINGING

ON THE DOOR

›› If no mounting space is provided

›› Outward swinging doors can be

›› This should only be done if the

on the wall next to the door, the nearest adjacent wall must be used. ›› NOTE: this should only be done for inward swinging doors.

dangerous.

sign is mounted on the “push”

›› Special consideration must be taken to make certain that the sign is mounted outside of the arc of the door swing. ›› The sign should be at least 1.5 feet away from the door’s swigning arc.

18”

side of the door, has a power closer, and no hold-open device.


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SUMMARY

Signs identifying rooms or spaces must use raised characters and braille. These signs must be mounted in a consistent location: on the wall next to the door on the side of the handle. Temporary signs (7 days or less) are exempt from following the guidelines. Temporary signs may include but are not limited to: ›› Directories ›› Company names ›› Occupant names ›› Building addresses Signs should have a non-glare finish and must contrast with the background. The contrast value between the Light Reflectance Value of the image or type and the background should be at least 70%.


RAISED CHARACTERS

COLOR

LOCATION

›› Typeface: Fruitiger 55

›› Pictogram Base color: PMS1235

›› 54” off the ground next to the

›› No italic, no bold

›› Pictogram color: Black

›› At least 1” high characters

›› Raised Characters Base: PMS295

›› 1/32” raised off the surface of the

›› Raised Characters: White

door there is no mounting space

›› Braille Base: PMS295

making sure that there is at least

›› Braille: White or same as base

18” of space between the sign

sign ›› 1/8” minimum spacing between characters ›› 3/8” separation from braille and other elements ›› Mounted on wall on the side

color

door on the side of the handle. ›› use the adjacent wall if the

and the swinging door arc if the door opens outwards. ›› The sign may be placed on the door only if the door swings

of the door handle 54” off the

inwards and has a power closer,

ground

and no hold-open device.


SIGNA INTER DIREC 22


AGE RIOR CTIONA INTERIOR DIRECTIONAL SIGNAGE

⠊⠝⠞⠑⠗⠊⠕⠗⠀ ⠙⠊⠗⠑⠉⠞⠊⠕⠝⠁⠇⠀ ⠎⠊⠛⠝⠁⠛⠑


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TYPOGRAPHY GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS ›› Typeface: Fruitiger 55 ›› Use sentence case ›› No italics or bold

ABCDEFGHI J K L M N O P Q RSTUVWXY Z a b c d e f g h ijklmnopqr stuvwxyz 0 123456789 Frutiger 55


FINISH AND CONTRAST

CHARACTER SIZE

SPACING

›› The characters and background

›› The characters should be 2” in

›› The spacing between each

should have a non-glare finish.

height.

›› Characters should have a 70%

character should be at least 1/4” ›› The spacing between multiple

contrast in Light Reflectance

lines should be 1”

Value (LRV)

ROOM 2016 1=

LRV1 - LRV2

2=

LRV1

=

LRV Contrast = 93%

2” 1”

85 - 6 85

LINE 1 LINE 2 1/4”


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COLOR SIGNAGE COLOR CHOICE ›› The main colors of signage should be in line with the University’s current branding guidelines given that they also provide the adequate light reflectance value. ›› UC Davis blue (PMS295) ›› Gold (PMS1235) NOTE: this is not the official UC Davis gold, this is a lighter shade chose to provide better contrast.


DIRECTIONAL SIGNAGE COLOR ›› Pictogram Base: PMS295 ›› Pictogram: White ›› Characters Base: PMS1235 ›› Characters: Black ›› Braille Base: PMS1235 ›› Braille: same as base.

Rooms 1–50 Rooms 51–99


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LOCATION GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS ›› Directional signage generally does not require strict placement guidelines due to the shifting and variable nature of walls within a building. ›› The following guidelines are considerations for very broad scenarios ›› A designer should be consulted upon placement of each directional sign.


WALLS

CORNERS

ENTRANCE HANGING

›› If the hall upon entrance is less

›› If the walls are too far apart,

›› If the ceilings are low enough,

than 48”, directional signage can

signage may be placed on the

signs may be hung to help with

be placed upon the walls.

wall near the two ends of a

wayfinding.

›› This signage should be 54” off the ground with the arrow as a raised character and braille directly underneath the directions.

corner to help direct which way one should go. ›› This should share the same characteristics as the wall signage.

›› This does not require braille or a raised pictogram. ›› This should be used in conjunction with the tactile paving system.

Rooms 1–50

48”


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SUMMARY

Directional signage is not traditionally required to be in consistent locations. However, to assist the wayfinding of those who are impaired visually, mentally, or physically, it has become important to establish a consistent system of placement. A designer should be consulted before placing directional signage to be assured that it is placed in consistent and intuitive locations. Signs should have a non-glare finish and must contrast with the background. The contrast value between the Light Reflectance Value of the image or type and the background should be at least 70%. If directional signage cannot be placed in a manner that is consistent or intuitive, it is probably best to instead consider the tactile paving system detailed inthe next section.


CHARACTERS

COLOR

LOCATION

›› Typeface: Fruitiger 55

›› Pictogram Base color: PMS295

›› 54” off the ground.

›› No italic, no bold

›› Pictogram color: White

›› On the righthand side of the wall

›› At least 2” high characters

›› Characters Base: PMS1235

›› 1/4” minimum spacing between

›› Characters: Black

characters ›› 3/8” separation from braille and other elements ›› Mounted on wall on the side of the door handle 54” off the ground

if the wall is less than 48” wide. ›› On both sides of a corner to help

›› Braille Base: PMS1235

aid in the decision of whether

›› Braille: Same as base color

one should turn or not ›› Hanging from the ceiling if the walls are too wide or do not have intuitive turns in the hall.


SYSTE TACTI PAVEM 32


EM ILE MENT TACTILE PAVEMENT SYSTEM ⠞⠁⠉⠞⠊⠇⠑ ⠏⠁⠧⠑⠍⠑⠝⠞ ⠎⠽⠎⠞⠑⠍


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TYPOGRAPHY GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS ›› Typeface: Fruitiger 55 ›› Use sentence case ›› No italics or bold

ABCDEFGHI J K L M N O P Q RSTUVWXY Z a b c d e f g h ijklmnopqr stuvwxyz 0 123456789 Frutiger 55


FINISH AND CONTRAST

CHARACTER SIZE

COPY REQUIREMENTS

›› The characters will be made in

›› The characters should be 3” in

›› All of the directions should be

vinyl and installed in the floor. ›› The color should be either white or black depending on the

height.

able to fit onto one line. Do not create a multiline statement with this method of signage.

surrounding floor material.

3”


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PATTERNS GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS ›› Patterns are colored with gold (PMS1235) ›› The patterns are raised 1/8” off the ground. ›› The edges are all rounded or domed to reduce tripping. ›› Each square is 12” long


THE “GO” TILE

THE “PAUSE” TILE

THE “ELEVATOR” TILE

›› This square pattern indicates a

›› This square pattern indicates a

›› Following these tiles will take

forward path. ›› The direction of the shorter end of the shape should point in the direction of lower class numbers.

large open space with a number

the person directly to the closest

of crossroads to choose from.

elevator.

›› GO tiles will branch off from this tile.

›› These may run alongside or independently of GO tiles.


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PATTERNS GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS ›› Patterns are colored with gold (PMS1235) ›› The patterns are raised 1/8” off the ground. ›› The edges are all rounded or domed to reduce tripping. ›› Each square is 12” long


THE “CROSS” TILE ›› These set of bars indicates an option for someone to turn into a separate path. ›› If the space is too large or there is more than a single intersecting path option, a PAUSE tile should be used instead.


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LOCATION GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS ›› The tiles should begin at the entrances and exits. ›› If the hallways are less than 72”, the tiles should be centered in the middle of the hallway. ›› If the hallway is larger than 72”, a designer should be consulted to make a decision if there should be two parallel paths of tiles running or not.


GO tiles indicate a path with the shorter end pointing towards lower numbered rooms

ELEVATOR tiles indicate a path directly to the elevator

CROSS tiles indicate an alternative intersection

PAUSE tiles indicate an open area where many different paths may be taken


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SUMMARY

The tactile pavement system is an alternative form of wayfinding that uses a combination of large vinyl type on the floor in addition to tiling patterns that help assit in the wayfinding of those who may be physically impaired, visually impaired, or both. Someone who is both blind and in a wheelchair will be able to navigate a space in a university and know which direction to head to find a certain class number especially if this system is used in conjunction with consistent directional signage. The material of the tiles should be sturdy enough to emit strong tactile feedback and audio feedback if a wheelchair were to roll over it. It should also not protrude so much that it becomes a constant tripping hazard.


TYPOGRAPHY

PATTERNS

LOCATION

›› Typeface: Fruitiger 55

›› Patterns are colored with gold

›› GO tiles lay in the middle of each

›› No italic, no bold ›› No multiline directions ›› At least 3” high characters ›› Placed on the floor alongside the tiling system

(PMS1235) ›› The patterns are raised 1/8” off the ground. ›› The edges are all rounded or domed to reduce tripping. ›› Each square is 12” long

hall with the shorter end pointing towards decreasing room numbers ›› The PAUSE tiles lay in the middle of large open spaces. ›› The CROSS tiles lay perpendicular to GO tiles and indicate a potential separate path ›› The ELEVATOR tiles act as GO tiles that lead directly to elevators.


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Universal Design Standards for Interior Wayfinding and Signage at UC Davis 2016  

Guidelines for the University of California, Davis to create a more accessible interior signage and wayfinding system.

Universal Design Standards for Interior Wayfinding and Signage at UC Davis 2016  

Guidelines for the University of California, Davis to create a more accessible interior signage and wayfinding system.

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