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NW, BW GRCH

McQueen Esmeralda EFF Best Kitten of The Year “16 National Winner Breed Winner Top British Longhair Best of Breed

21 times

Best In Show

8 times

Bred and owned by Olga Kulikova McQueen Cattery, Dubai, United Arab Emirates www.mcqueencats.com


Publishers

Olga Kulikova Dr. Irina Kulikova

Editor-In-Chief

Olga Kulikova

Contributing Writes

Dr. Tatiana Golneva, Dr. Irina Kulikova, Olga Kulikova, Dr Amr Ahmed Contributing Photographers

Larry Johnson, Olga Kulikova, Richard Katris, Bigstock, Fabrizio Garbolino

On the Cover

GC, BW, NW Velvetkist Designer Genes | Persian| Bicolor| Male | GC, DW Zenithi Grisogono of Velvetkist x RW Velvetkist A Girl Needs Cash | Breeder & Owner Noralyn Heisig | Photo by Helmi Flick Editorial Submissions

Photographers, experts, veterinarians, breeders and owners are invited to submit photographs or articles for editorial consideration. For information about submissions, please email Irina@emirateshorse.org

Letters to the Editor

I’d love to hear from you! Email me at olga@emirateshorse.org www.bestinshowcats.com Best In Show Cats is published by Netconnection FZE for the Emirates Feline Federation . The Society and the Board thereof and the publishers of the Magazine are not responsible for any opinion or statement expressed in signed articles or paid advertisements. The opinions expressed are not necessarily those of the Board or those responsible for the publication of the magazine. The publisher reserves the right to reject any advertisement, booked or otherwise, on sighting of material. All material appearing in Best In Show Cats is subject to copyright laws. Reproduction of articles in part or thereof is not permitted without prior permission of the publishers. Although every care is taken, no responsibility is accepted by the publisher nor the staff of Best In Show Cats, for loss or damage of any material submitted for publication. Like us on Facebook www.facebook.com/BestInShowCats


FROM THE EDITOR

E

verybody heard the saying, “Beauty will save the world!” The focus of our magazine will be on the beauty we see at our home and our friends’ home every day. We will point the bright and starry light at the best representatives of every breed, the best of the best. We will talk about people who dedicate their life to preservation of the breed pureness, improvement of the cat’s breed characteristics, and responsible for physical and mental soundness. Thanks to them, our children and grandchildren will see the unique beauty of each cat breed. These people work 24/7/365. Studying genetics, physiology, comparative psychology, they give birth to a small miracle. So small and fragile that taking the first breath, a kitten fits into a human palm. In our magazine, we will share with you tips on how to make your baby the best of the best and keep him healthy during his life. We will visit every continent and show you the best cats of each country. Our writers, vets, and fanciers that achieved success will share their knowledge and experience. You can tell us about your beloved cat, share with us a story about your life together, and your Best in Show wins. Our first issue features the CFA 2016-2017 winners. I thank everyone who participated in the creation of this first issue, and I’m especially grateful to photographer Larry Johnson for providing us with his exclusive photographs. Each issue of our magazine will prove that our pet’s beauty and loyalty makes our life emotionally richer.

Kulikova

Publisher and Editor-In-Chief Olga Kulikova


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Table of

CONTENTS

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SHOW REPORT

CFA Show Season 2016-2017 by Irina Kulikova

NTERVIEW WITH BREEDER 20 INoralyn Heising

Multi National winner shares her lifetime success

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Omar F. Gonzalez Inspiring story of one of the CFA’s outstanding breeder

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40 Forty Years in Showing Career Cat’s showing career doesn’t end after neutering by Cynthia Lewis

40

GC BWI NW Hoobee Wakaka Wakaka’s journey during CFA show season 16/17 by Chun Yip Tai

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102 108

BASIC CARE

You Are Thinking of Getting a Cat But Are You Ready for a Cat? Important aspects to understand before adopting a cat

50

What is The Perfect Cat for You? Finding the right life companion isn’t so easy

74

Finding a Purebred Cat Questions detecting a reputable breeder

78

Choosing a Healthy Kitten Signs of a healthy and sound kitten

102

Welcoming Your Family Member First stages to follow when bringing a new family member home

HEALTH

108 Stressed Cats More Prone to

Disease Study reveals how cats immune system is affected by stress


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BREED SNAPSHOT

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Best Cat Breeds for Families with Kids List of cat breeds most suitable for families with children

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BUYERS’ GUIDE

84

BREED PROFILE

96 110

9 of The Most Affectionate Cat Breeds The most cuddly purebred cat breeds

Time for Shopping Essential supplies you will need for your new feline Abyssinian The active and agile Aby forms strong bonds with its owner

FELINE TIDBITS

Ancient Egypt Things you always wanted to know about cats from ancient Egypt Homeopathic Treatment for Conjuctivitis Alternative ways of curring feline conjuctivitis Homeopathic Treatment for Insect Bites and Stings First aid and natural methods of treating bites

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Vitamin B12 What are the benefits of this supplement and its uses for cats by Dr. Tatiana Golneva

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HEALTH

114

118

80

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LIFESTYLE

Five Feline Purrsonality Types Five personality types and traits that all adult cats living in a safe domestic environment exhibit Why Do Cats Love Knocking Things Over

This article shares with you the cat’s perspective and explains why cats adore knocking things over as well as how to prevent such incidents and protect things on your shelves.

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SHOW REPORT | CFA SHOW SEASON 16/17

CFA Show Season 2016 - 2017 by Irina Kulikova

A cat show is a very important event for a purebred cat and its owner. There are over a hundred cat breeds in the world, each of which has its own standard. A cat show is not only the only way to prove a cat’s compliance with a standard applied to its breed, but also the only way to find the best cat whose standard is impeccable. The Cat Fanciers’ Association is the world’s largest felinological organization which was founded in the USA in 1906. Since then, licensed shows have been held annually. From May 2016 to April 2017, the oldest American association CFA organized the shows that were worth being born a representative of domestic felines. Beautiful and graceful, hiding numerous talents inside such as agility, energetic temperament, the ability to look majestic when needed and comport itself decently in the presence of judges, spectators, and the press. The best of the best looked closely to every

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BEST IS SHOW CATS • Sept/Oct 2017

camera lens pointed at them, without closing their eyes from flashes, proudly realizing their significance. They lay majestically in the limelight, decorated with sockets and multi-color ribbons, near their proud owners. CFA’s judging is a ring style one where assessment is done openly and the cat’s advantages and disadvantages are orally expressed by an expert without filling out a scoresheet. The best feline representatives take part in the final rings and win places in the first ten of the show’s winners. In the last 2016-2017 season, all countries went out of their way to hold numerous shows at the CFA level, and they managed to do this! A huge number of rings were held in order to find the Association’s first best cat. Everybody did a great job! Congratulations to all winners! We look forward to more big wins in the new 2017-2018 season.


Special

Moments

Sept/Oct 2017 • BEST IN SHOW CATS

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CATS 101

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STRESSED CATS MORE PRONE TO DISEASE

BEST IS SHOW CATS • Sept/Oct 2017


STRESSED CATS MORE PRONE TO DISEASE

Sept/Oct 2017 • BEST IN SHOW CATS

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British Shorthair & British Longhair www.mcqueencats.com


NORALYN HEISIG | INTERVIEW WITH BREEDER

Noralyn Heisig Interview with breeder

BISCats: When and how did you get involved in cats? Why did you choose to breed Persian cats? Noralyn: I first got involved in the cat fancy showing a household pet in 1998. It was during these shows, I fell in love with the persians I watched in the championship and kitten classes. BISCats: How would you describe a Persian in one word? Noralyn: I would describe a Persian in one word as “majestic”. BISCats: How did your family support your desire to become a breeder? Noralyn: My family has always supported my hobby in the cat fancy. My husband attended shows with me early on until we had our son in 2005. My son attended his first cat show with me as a baby, the National Capital Cat show in 2006. Just this past July, we attended the CFA annual as a family in Chicago to accept our Best Cat award on stage together. A memory to last a lifetime. BISCats: Where and What did you study in order to gain the knowledge necessary for the breeder’s work? Noralyn: Most of my experience in breeding has come from experience. I have read multiple books and reference materials on breeding purebred animals but really, I am self taught through real life experiences. When I first started, knowledge wasn’t as readily available as it is today with the internet, social media, etc.

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BEST IS SHOW CATS • Sept/Oct 2017

BISCats: Did you have a mentor when you got started? Noralyn: I did not have a mentor when I first started in the cat fancy. I made many mistakes and spent thousands of dollars. I let life experience be the teacher and it was costly. Today, CFA offers help finding mentors and has a New Bee program for new people entering the cat fancy. BISCats: With which catteries do you collaborate on breeding? How important was cooperation between breeders through time? Noralyn: In 2004, I met Peggy Huffman of Seder Rennes persians. I was fortunate to purchase my foundation bicolor male from her at that time, GC, RW Seder Rennes Bellagio of Velvetkist. Bellagio was a cream and white male that began the legacy of my breeding program in producing fabulous national winning males in my well known cream and white color pattern. Peggy and I have worked together for the past 13 years. The greatest gift of this collaboration, is our friendship. BISCats: Could you please tell me about your prefix “Velvetkist”? Noralyn: My cattery name, Velvetkist, was something I invented thinking about the sweet kiss of a cat with a tongue that feels like velvet. BISCats: What do you consider your greatest achievement in breeding? What are your goals in the breeding program? Noralyn: My greatest achievement in breeding is producing an animal that not only meets the breed standard, but


Sept/Oct 2017 • BEST IN SHOW CATS

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NORALYN HEISIG | INTERVIEW WITH BREEDER surpasses it. Having a judge comment that my cat is without fault or one of the best of it’s breed they have ever handled, is truly the greatest compliment one can ever hope for in this hobby. BISCats: Have the Persian changed over the time since you first got involved with the breed? Noralyn: The Persian has changed a bit since I first began. I believe they are more refined now than ever before. I have noticed color preference popularity has also changed. Solids were very popular when I began and now it seems bicolors are the most popular within the breed. BISCats: Tell us please the main characteristic you admire in the breed? Noralyn: The main characteristic I admire in the Persian is the personality. They are typically laid back, sweet animals that enjoy human company. BISCats: Please mention 2 or 3 Persians which are not owned, bred or shown by yourself, that you particularly admire, and tell us what you most admire of them. Noralyn: One of the most famous persian cats that I admire is GC Anz Nicholas Nickleby, DM. He was the first CFA male DM who produced over 50 grand champions. His bloodline is behind many of the bicolors we see today. Two other bicolor males that have impacted the bicolor breed are GC, RW Catillak’s Sooner or Later, DM and GC, RW Candirand’s Blast From The Past. All of these males have made enormous contributions to the breed we see today. BISCats: What has been the biggest disappointment in the breeding and showing for you so far? Noralyn: The biggest disappointment in this hobby is definitely the inevitable loss of kittens. Breeding animals is not for the faint of heart. To achieve all the joy and success, one must endure the heartbreak.

GC, GP, NW Velvetkist Pack’n Heat of Krimpurrs

BISCats: What does it include to be a professional exhibitor? Noralyn: Exhibiting cats on a professional level requires an enormous amount of dedication. Showing requires extensive time off work for travel and can be quite costly. Campaigning a cat for a national win over the course of a 12 month show season really requires one to make life adjustments during that time frame. Showing on this level requires 2 or 3 weekends every month away from home. BISCats: Which are the most common mistakes that exhibitors can commit while showing cats? Noralyn: The most common mistakes some exhibitors can make are grooming issues and animal conditioning. It takes many months to get the correct bath combination to produce a perfect coat and proper food and nutrition for optimal

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BEST IS SHOW CATS • Sept/Oct 2017

GC RW Seder Rennes Bellagio of Velvetkist Bred by Peggy N Huffman


INTERVIEW WITH BREEDER health and weight. BISCats: What do you like about showing and what do you dislike about it? Noralyn: Showing has it’s ups and downs. I love to travel and visit with friends. We have great dinners and socialization in the showhall. I enjoy the time bonding with my cat. The downside is all the time away from home when I am campaigning. Showing on a national level requires a good deal of sacrifice. BISCats: What makes a great show cat? Noralyn: I think great show cats are born. It is natural for them to stand on the judging table and look out at the audience, play with toys and show themselves off. There is no requirement for a cat to show well, but it certainly plays a part on a national level. BISCats: What is a good grooming in your opinion? Noralyn: I believe good grooming is when the coat flows naturally, without separation, with beautiful volume. The face should be enhanced by hand plucking, but not overly sculpted with scissors. BISCats: What qualities do you admire most in a judge of your breed? Noralyn: I believe a good persian judge can form a very good opinion of the cat at the moment it is picked up and placed on the table. The feel of the body and structure creates a large first impression. A good persian judge knows how to handle the cat to show itself off to it’s best ability. Bred by Noralyn Heisig

BISCats: What cat was your first big winner? Noralyn: My first “big” winner was GC RW Seder Rennes Bellagio of Velvetkist. He was my first titled cat. BISCats: Could you please tell me about your first BIS win? Noralyn: My first “Best In Show” was GC, NW Velvetkist Pack’n Heat of Krimpurrs, aka “Frankie”. Frankie was awarded Best of the Best at the CFA International show in 2014 and was CFA’s Best Premier 2014/2015.

GC, BW, NW Velvetkist Designer Genes Bred by Noralyn Heisig

BISCats: As most of us know you and “Gino” won CFA Best Cat at the show season 2016-2017, could you please tell me about that experience? Something more about him? Noralyn: GC, NW, BW Velvetkist Designer Genes was CFA’s Cat of the Year 2016/2017. “Gino” was a natural born show cat. He loved the shows. He would stand on the table and gaze out at the audience. He loved people and was well known for kissing up to the judges. He is a loving boy that surpassed all of my dreams in a show cat as well as a family pet. Sept/Oct 2017 • BEST IN SHOW CATS

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NORALYN HEISIG | INTERVIEW WITH BREEDER BISCats: Other than CFA’s Cat of The Year 2016 – 2017 what are your most memorable achievements? Noralyn: My most memorable achievements other than Cat of the Year were my first national wins. I achieved 2 national wins the same year showing an adult in championship and a kitten at the same time. In 2010/2011 I showed GC, NW Velvetkist Fiori Di Como to CFA’s 10th best cat in championship and GC, NW Velvekist Pack’n Heat to CFA’s 2nd best kitten. BISCats: When you look back on where you started and see where you are now what do you think is the key to your great success? Noralyn: I believe the key to my success was dedication. Never give up. I wanted to breed the best and I studied pedigrees and it took years to produce what I have today. BISCats: What would be the most important advice you would give to all serious young exhibitors? Noralyn: I think the most important advice I could give to new exhibitors is love what you do. Love your cats regardless of what happens in the showhall. At the end of the day, they are your pets. Educate and dedicate yourself. Success does not come quickly or easily. No pressure, no diamonds :) BISCats: What do you like to do in your free time? Noralyn: In my free time, I enjoy my son’s athletic activities, spending time with friends and travelling. BISCats: What’s your motto in life? Noralyn: I don’t really have a motto in life, but if you ask me how I am, I’ll say “living the dream”.

GC Velvetkist LaPerla

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Noralyn with her 16th best kitten in show with 215 present at CFA National Show 19th November, 2011

GRC, DW Velvetkist Tiara of Zenithi


INTERVIEW WITH BREEDER

Sept/Oct 2017 • BEST IN SHOW CATS

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The only official registered cattery of Scottish Fold and Highland folds cats in United Arab Emirates. Focusing on tabby, bicolor, and cameo colors. Our cattery is registered with CFA and EFF.


OMAR GONZALEZ | INTERVIEW WITH BREEDER

Omar F. Gonzalez Interview with breeder

BISCats: How did you get involved with cats? Omar: My love for cats started with a domestic shorthair kitten that my mother brought home after visiting a friend who had a litter of kittens. I myself was a dog person but this kitten quickly won me over and that was the start of my life in the cat fancy. My little domestic lived to be 21 years old. BISCats: When did you go to your first cat show? Omar: The first cat I bought to breed and show was a red mackerel tabby Persian female in May of 1977. She was not very good but at 13 she was all that I could afford to buy. I met a local breeder who was willing to mentor me and take me to local shows. I showed in several associations mostly because I just wanted to go to a show. It was a good experience and my little Persian kitten made a top 5 final at my first show. I never finaled again but I was hooked after that. BISCats: Who have been supporting you over the years? Omar: My mother was always supportive of my passion. Her parents were farmers so animals have always been a part of her life as well. BISCats: Did you attend any breeding or showing courses? Omar: I never attended any courses. When I first started it was very common to have breeders spend the day at shows discussing breeding philosophies and going over pedigrees. It was a great way to exchange ideas and learn from those who came before you. Unfortunately today we have more exhibitors that true breeders. There is a great deal loss when we do not share knowledge in a social setting anymore.

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BISCats: Could you please tell me about your first BIS win? What did you feel at that moment? Omar: I honestly cannot remember my first BIS win, I can tell you that 41 years later it still feels as exciting as my first final. Throughout the years I have been extremely fortunate to have been BIS at many large shows. Each one is thrilling and always a special memory, more because of the cat that won it than the win itself. BISCats: With how many catteries do you cobreed and who are they? How important has the cooperation between breeders been through the years? Omar: My Manx program is based on Mistysprings Manx. Gay Van Weeldon has been my mentor in this breed and she has always been there to answer questions and offer advice. She has shared her cats with me throughout the years. Sadly not all breeders are as willing to share their breeding program as Gay is. A breed can never thrive without the cooperation of other breeders. So many are concerned about the win that they forget that the breed cannot thrive without all of us working together. BISCats: How did you get involved with CFA and why you chose this association? Omar: As I mentioned, in the beginning I showed all of the other associations that were on the North East coast. CFA has always been revered as the Best quality of cats in the World. I am the kind of person that would rather aspire to be the best I could be regardless of failure. I chose to show CFA exclusively and have never regretted my choice. The cats exhibited at CFA shows all over the World inspire me to be the best breeder that I could be.


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OMAR GONZALEZ | INTERVIEW WITH BREEDER BISCats: What type of the cats you’ve bred through the years? What breed has taken the biggest part of your heart? Omar: My original breed was Persian which I still have but very limited. I have bred American Shorthairs, American Wirehairs, Cornish and Devon Rex, Siamese and Oriental Shorthairs and now Manx. I have bred and showed CFA National winners in American Shorthairs, Persians, Orientals and Manx. I will always be a Persian breeder at heart but Manx are so similar that it a touch choice but it would be between these two breeds for me. BISCats: Please tell us what you admire the most in the breed? Omar: I tend to gravitate to extreme breeds. I love to see good head type, short bodies when the breed calls for it but in the end the cat must be balanced. All of its parts must come together harmoniously.

GC NW Briar-Mar’s Powder of Wishes

BISCats: Could you please share with us your goals in the breeding program? Omar: I am always working towards breeding the perfect cat. Of course there is no such thing, perfection is always beyond our grasp but the challenge comes in coming as close to perfect as humanly possible. Health is always an important aspect of breeding so I also look for soundness. I also believe that good breeding cats go on to produce good breeders. I tend to weed out cats that have difficulty breeding since I believe it tends to produce poor breeders as well. BISCats: What lines have you used in your breeding program? Are there particular lines that work best with yours? Omar: In my Manx, they are based on Mistysprings. There is also some Briar-Brae, Nufurs, Mariglen to name a few. BISCats: What do you consider your greatest achievements in breeding and in showing career? Omar: Good question, at this time I really can’t say. When you are working with a breed you are not thinking about it as achievements and since I am still breeding and showing who is to say. I sometimes look back at what I have achieved in amazement. What I can tell you that so far, it has been quite a ride.

On the right is GC Veach’s Mawirah Carey of Briar-Mar, Omar’s first American Wirehair

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Omar with GC NW Briar-Mar’s Powder of Wishes at the first Straight & Curl Show in 1992


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OMAR GONZALEZ | INTERVIEW WITH BREEDER BISCats: This season 2 of your kittens GC, NW Briar-Mar’s Absolutely Fabulous and GC, NW Briar-Mar’s Playing With Fire became CFA Best Kitten and 3 rd Best Kitten of the Year, can you please tell us about this win? Omar: Most of my Manx are either solid White or Red Tabby/White, it was not my plan to have these colors, it just worked out that way. I wanted to add the black gene so I asked Gay Van Weeldon ( Mistysprings Manx) if she had a black/white female that I could lease for a litter. She send us CH Mistysprings Deco Dolly. Dolly was a beautiful black/ white rumpy female, my only concern was her age. Dolly was seven and I was concerned that she was at the end of her breeding career although she was in excellent condition. Dolly came into season a couple of months of us taking her home. I bred her to my red tabby national winner, GC BW NW Mistysprings Chicago Fire of Briar-Mar. After three weeks , Dolly did not pink up and I thought my fears of her age was coming true. In early March I woke up to the cries of a kitten. I had no litters expected so I went looking for the source of the cries. I found Dolly nursing a beautiful, healthy Calico rumpy kitten. Since she was only carrying one kitten it was difficult to tell she was pregnant. Dolly’s kitten continued to thrive and by around 8 weeks I knew we had something special here. A month later, I had a litter out of GC NW Briar-Mar’s All About the Bass. Bassy was also bred to Chicago Fire and in that litter was a striking red classic Tabby/White female. I loved both kittens and I planned on campaigning them both. Abby ( Absolutely Fabulous) was the older kitten so she started out in mid-July by the beginning of September she was ranked number one so in mid-October we started to show Betty (Playing with Fire). We showed her from mid-October through the World Show mid-November where she was highest scoring kitten in the Purple show to finish at number three nationally. Both girls went on to receive their Grand Championship titles in one show. BISCats: How do you recognize a prospective kitten? Omar: When you raise as many kittens as we have over the years, it’s almost a gut feeling. I can usually tell what has potential by the time they are 8 weeks old. BISCats: What cat was your first big winner? Omar: My first national win was on an Oriental Shorthair kitten that I co-bred with Lynn Von Egidy and Catherine Mallary. His name was GC BW NW Leggs Amapola of Mayflower. He was given as a gift to the late CFA judge Muriel Slodden after Muriel had lost her beloved white Oriental Shorthair GC BW Petmark’s Pola of Mayflower. On the right is CFA Best Kitten GC, NW, Briar-Mar’s Absolutely Fabulous

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OMAR GONZALEZ | INTERVIEW WITH BREEDER BISCats: What makes a great show cat for you? Omar: Another good question, type is always important but they really have to enjoy it. There is nothing worse than showing a cat that does not like it. BISCats: What personal traits a professional exhibitor should have? Omar: I don’t like the term professional exhibitor, mostly because it does not exist. We also breed dogs, originally Pekingese and now Toy Poodles. In the World of dogs there are professional handlers. We don’t have that in cats. There is no money in cats like there is for handlers in dogs. Most people that show and do not breed do so because they enjoy the competition. Not everyone likes to breed or should be breeding. If you are asking what does it take to campaign cats. I would have to say patience. Not every show works out, it’s important to be honest about the quality of the cats you are showing and not allow personal emotions to overwhelm you. You always need to be the most critical eye when it comes to your own cats. Campaigning is hard on both the owner and the cat, you do not need to show every weekend in order to be successful. Which are the most common mistakes that exhibitors can commit while showing cats? Omar: There are many, some exhibitors show their cats either too young or out of condition and then are disappointed by the results. When I was breeding Persians I would not start out my kittens until they were at least 5 months old. By

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then, they had coat and weight and were more competitive than that cute 4 month old that was very typey but looked immature by comparison to its competition. Conditioning is so important when showing, You are going to spend so much time money and energy into this sport that you should come prepared. BISCats: What advise can you give to new exhibitors who are just starting their show career? Omar: Take your time and do your homework. Ask many many questions, there is no such thing as a stupid question. If your gut is telling you something, listen to it. Also don’t go out and buy as many cats as you can get your hands on. Start out with the best you can afford and breed yourself a better cat. Most breeders are not willing to part with a great cat and some are not willing to take a chance on someone truly new. We all have to prove ourselves worthy. If you start off with a nice cat you can breed a litter and hope that you can improve the quality. This way, you can enjoy the hobby without it feeling like work and being overwhelmed by it all. BISCats: When you look back on where you started and see where you are now what do you think is the key to your great success? Omar: For me it was about passion. I loved the cats, the breeding and always focused on my goal which was always to breed a better cat and hope that I can leave the breed in a better place than where I first found it. We are all part of history.


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CYNTHIA LEWIS | 40 YEARS IN SHOWING CAREER

Nothing

is impossible!

3 National Wins 2014-2015 12th Best Kitten, Cinema’s Liberace of Wishes 2015-2016 14th Best Cat in Premiership, Cinema’s Liberace of Wishes 2016-2017 Best Cat in Premiership, Regions 1-9 Cinema’s Liberace of Calcat

Forty Years In Showing Career by Cynthia A. Lewis It’s hard for me to believe, but 2017 is my 40-year anniversary of showing cats, and I did not even get my first cat until I was 27 years old! One of my colleagues at work showed Persians, and he invited me to a cat show to see his. I walked down isles of cages covered in velvet and satin, adorned with marabou and rhinestones. Inside the cages were gorgeous creatures perched on tiny brass beds and sequin pillows wearing beaded lace bibs. I remember smiling all day!!!

gional wins, achieved a DM, and accomplished 15 National Wins. This was done while maintaining a very small number of cats.

At the end of the day, I watched a judge put on a cut-away tuxedo jacket and do something called a FINAL. There was a huge crowd. In one dramatic motion, Judge Larry Paul gently swept a cream Persian high up into the air over his head, swung it down to his face, and kissed it smack dead on the lips. He enthusiastically exclaimed, “Ladies and gentlemen, may I present my very Best Cat in Show!” There was a lot of clapping and cheering and camaraderie. I was completely infatuated by it all.

In the 1990’s, I discovered that my true love was showing, and the Premiership Class was my favorite. Ending my breeding program enabled me to devote more time to grooming, conditioning, and presenting cats that could actually cuddle in the bed with me. GP, NW CINEMA’S LIBERACE OF CALCAT Some of the finest cats I have ever owned have been gifts from friends. Some of the longest and most fulfilling friendships have been my cat partners and cat friends. This is why five of us came to work together....to share the fun and love. Connie Wardlaw, Kerry Ury, Joseph Deutsch, Joanne Hardeman, and myself began co-owning and sharing our cats. This hobby and passion continues to make us smile and fill our hearts with joy.

My first Persian came from Judge Mary Kate Carroll that very year! Calcat Persians was registered with CFA and my small breeding program began. With help from Koohinoor and South Paw, Calcat Persians granded cats, achieved re-

In 2010-2011, my goal of having POTY (Premier Of The Year) was achieved with GC, GP, NW It is What It Is! of Calcat. At this point, everything on my personal bucket list was checked off, and I never dreamt for more.

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CYNTHIA LEWIS | 40 YEARS IN SHOWING CAREER

Kozy, It Is What It Is! of Calcat, as Premier Of The Year

Liberace as 14th Best Cat in Premiership

In 2014, while attending the Food & Water Bowl in San Diego, Kerry Ury and I spotted a white Persian that we didn’t want to live without. It was Cinema’s Liberace, and he was being shown by the infamous Connie Stewart. Fortunately, Liberace’s breeders were also there! Blake Mayes and Dennis Adler were well known for producing some of CFA’s finest Persians, and they saw that we were smitten with Liberace. Liberace had just completed his kitten career as 12th Best Nationally, had been neutered, and gone straight into Premiership.

The best for us was definitely the CFA International Show in 2016. Liberace was Best in Show, with more than 800 cats in competition. Having his breeders there to share it with us was the highlight of my 40 years in CFA!! Liberace was shown in 18 shows (149 Rings) with 132 Best Cats. If there is such a thing as the “dream” show cat, Liberace was it. He never had a stain, he never missed a meal, he was ready when Delta was, and he never complained! He loved every minute of it......but not as much as we did. This past weekend, we attended a local show with an Open. As it happens, some of the top cats in the Nation were there to compete, and our little Open did not exactly set the world on fire. The amazing thing is that we were still having fun, our baby was playing and loving the show, and we are still smiling. Love of the cats is why we can celebrate 40 years of being in the Cat Fancy.

Liberace as 12th Best Kitten

I’m not certain how we got so lucky as to get this cat; however, Blake and Dennis made a leap of faith and let him come to live in Atlanta.....but not before they completed his 2nd National win as 14th Best Premiership Cat in 2015. Liberace came to us “ready to roll”. He was in beautiful condition and was a veteran of the show circuit. All we had to do was give him the opportunity!!! There were many wonderful opportunities and moments in his campaign. Certainly, winning the Blanket of Roses presented by Judge Lois Jensen at the Roses For Felines Show was amazing.

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Sept/Oct 2017 • BEST IN SHOW CATS

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CHUN YIP TAI | GC BWI NW HOOBEE WAKAKA

GC BWI NW HooBee Wakaka GC, DW Hoobee FX x CH, GP, DW Chun Lap Ride Home of Hoobee

by Chun Yip Tai

When I was a child, I was scared of cats a lot. If I saw a cat far from me, even 200 meters away, I would scream and ran away. I remember, I was even scared to look directly into the cat’s eyes. It was frightening. 13 years ago, my life has changed tremendously. My partner adores cats and has always tried to have a cat to be our pet. However, I expressed that I was not ready to have a cat in our home. One night while we were watching TV at home, a TV program was showing cat costume campaign. There was a red tabby exotic costumed as a prince and looked very lovely. At that moment, we did not know this cat was an exotic. Then I told my partner that if we could find a cat just looked like this, I could accept it as our pet. This promise still affects my life a lot! The next day we went for shopping and we met a red tabby cat in a pet shop. His look was the same as the cat we saw on the TV. My partner was very happy and, of course, ran into the pet shop and asked the details about this cat. I think God has already arranged my road to meet the cat. The salesman told us this cat was an exotic and it was the cat on the TV show yesterday. Oh my gosh! It was just like a TV drama. Who can believe this? Of course, finally, we bought this cat. And he was our FIRST pet. His name is “Hoo Hoo.” He is now 14 years old and still staying at our home. After having Hoo Hoo, we did lots of research about cats. We finally knew the pedigreed cats and also knew the CFA is the largest pedigreed cat association in the World. From that moment, we developed an interest in breeding cats for the CFA and started searching the pedigreed cats in Hong Kong. We finally had our first pedigreed CFA exotic brown tabby boy from Hong Kong. We love Exotics and Persians because of their cute fac-

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es. They are all round and look like Garfield in the movie. Moreover, we are keen on the red tabby exotics. Maybe this is due to Hoo Hoo as he is the red tabby exotic. We know it is very difficult to breed a red tabby exotic with fire red color. It gives us more challenge and we are persons who love challenges. At that moment, we targeted to breed our specific “HooBee” exotic look and specialized in red tabby exotic. What makes a great show cat for me Talking about exotic, one word is “ROUND.” Apart from the CFA breed standard, I am very concerned about the character of the cat. To be a great show cat, they need to fly or travel long hours to attend cat shows. Moreover, they need to attend shows every weekend in order to obtain higher points. The cat with a great character and able to adapt to a different environment easily must be the FIRST criteria to be the great show cat. To maintain a cat’s condition throughout the whole season is the most challenging part, especially during the campaigning championship. We need to keep their nutrition good and make sure they maintain their food quality and quantity. The most important part is to let them relax and avoid pressurizing them. They can feel the pressure and eventually it will affect their coat and weight. “Wakaka” is a typical great show cat. He loves people. Every time when he is on the judging table, he will kiss and give a head bump to the judge. He loves scratching the pole on the judging table. He feels really relaxed when showing. Wakaka GC BWI NW HooBee Wakaka is a very lovely boy who knows and reads people’s mind. He loves people and he is a gentle, kind gentleman.


CHUN YIP TAI | GC BWI NW HOOBEE WAKAKA From his baby stage, he already had a very good interaction with people. He can read people’s mind. He has very fire red tabby color. But, while in his kitten stage, he was not very outstanding so that I did not consider showing him to NW title. During his 1-year-old to 3 years old stage, I thought he had the quality and substance to campaign the regional awards so that we campaign him for the DW title in the International Division. He finally achieved his DW title at his 2.5 years old. As he kept on in the season during his campaign, his condition could not be maintained at that moment. The show result was not that good. Luckily, he got the DW title and then we let him be a father. And we decided he can retire from showing at that moment. One night in Aug 2016, when we were watching TV at home, we suddenly found that Wakaka was in the top condition. He was more mature than before. He has a very short body with a big round head with jaws. He has a full coat, very dense and thick. At that moment, Hong Kong had one CFA cat show in Sept 2016. We decided to let him try showing in that show. He got wonderful results in that show with 3 rings Best cat. We then started to think about chasing him with a higher title, which was NW. However, it was very difficult to get enough points for just showing in Hong Kong to get the NW title. In Asia, we have lots of quarantine rules. We can only show in Hong Kong, the USA, and Europe cats residing in Hong Kong. Other Asian countries are considered as Rabies Level 3 countries, while HK is Level 2. Campaigning Wakaka to NW What can we do if we would like to campaign Wakaka to NW? The only solution was to let him campaign in the USA to get sufficient points to become NW. We started discussing this matter with our best friend and our mentor – Rhonda Fox of Rhamjoge Cattery. We are close friends since 2008 when she sold us our first bi-color Persian. Rhonda had surgery on her left shoulder in 2015, and she stopped showing cats for 1.5 years. We asked her to introduce a good person to campaign Wakaka to us. She told us “Rhonda Fox.” We were very shocked and did not know how to reply her because we knew her shoulder had not yet fully recovered. She said she was fine and would love to help us campaigning Wakaka. We were very blessed and shocked to have Rhonda to handle Wakaka for us. We then decided to let Wakaka try his NW journey. I remembered we shipped Wakaka to the USA at the end of Oct 2016 in order to attend a huge show in Indianapolis. Wakaka arrived in Indianapolis a day before the show day. Maybe he missed us very much, but he did not eat and drink upon the arrival. He even did not have any interaction with Rhonda. As expected, the show result was not good in his first show. We all felt disappointed. Rhonda knows Wakaka is a boy

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GC BWI NW HOOBEE WAKAKA

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CHUN YIP TAI | GC BWI NW HOOBEE WAKAKA who needs time to trust people. She started to make friend with Wakaka. She let Wakaka stay in the room she used for her home office. However, Wakaka still did not eat much and the condition dropped. He attended another big show in the early of Nov, but he still did not have a good result. At that moment, we decided not to run for NW anymore. But, I bought the ticket to attend the CFA International Show at the end of Nov. We decided we would bring Wakaka backed after the International Show. Two weeks before International show, we did not bring Wakaka to attend any cat shows. Rhonda spent lots of time to take care of him. He started to trust Rhonda one week before the International Show. He had his condition backed and the weight increased a bit again. CFA International Cat Show I arrived in the USA two days before the International cat show. We did not have any hope to get a good result in this big show. When I arrived in the hotel room and saw Wakaka and called his name, he looked up and he recognized me. He ran towards me. He used his head to bump my head and kept purring. Lots of feelings arisen at that moment. I started to feed him dried food by hand. He finished 150 pieces. We all were shocked. At that moment, I knew he was thinking of us. I slept together with him on that night, and had a long chat with him. On the show day, I told Wakaka and Rhonda that we tried our best effort. Even if he cannot get a good result, we won’t regret. On the 1st show day, we were very surprised. He got 2 finals with one Best Cat in a Specialty ring. The result was far better than we expected. On the 2nd day, Wakaka entered all finals and the placements were very high. Finally, he was the 2nd highest scoring cat in the championship in the Purple Show. We were all shocked and happy that Wakaka finally resumed his condition. We then decided to let Wakaka try running again. When I said goodbye to Wakaka, he knew we needed to separate again. I knew he was not happy. After the International Show, Rhonda became a close friend of Wakaka. And his condition was better day by day. He started to get more points and better results. He became the best traveling companion with Rhonda. If the show was a drive show, he would sit in the driver seat next to Rhonda. However, when Wakaka campaigned till Feb 2017 and the points reached 3000 (Still 1300 points to reach the minimum NW points), Rhonda told us that Wakaka had herpes eyes. His left eye could not wide open and became blurred in the center. We were all shocked and realized our dream cannot come true anymore. Rhonda kept asking her friends how to solve this problem. Noralyn (the owner of the Best Cat in Region 1 – 9) suggested Rhonda to use some medicines and

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CHUN YIP TAI | GC BWI NW HOOBEE WAKAKA eye drops. And Rhonda kept feeding medicine and using eye drops on Wakaka on time. Miracles happened again. After three weeks of using the medicine and eye drops suggested by Noralyn, his eyes were totally recovered. We sincerely thank both Rhonda and Noralyn! Wakaka was backed to the cat shows in the early of March. He got lots of points and approached to the minimum points for the NW title. Minimum NW points and BEST CAT We remembered the date of 2nd April 2017. As there is a time difference between Hong Kong and the USA, show in the USA started at approximately 10 pm in Hong Kong. Every weekend, we could not sleep because we kept on talking with Rhonda about Wakaka’s show result. Before shown on 1st April 2017, Wakaka still had 300 points to obtain for the minimum points (4300) for the NW title. After 1st April, we planned to ship Wakaka backed to Hong Kong. Therefore, the show on 1st April was very important to Wakaka. We stayed awake for the whole night. Wakaka was doing very good in that show. He got almost 400 points. Once Rhonda told us Wakaka achieved the minimum 4300 points, we cried a long time and the whole body felt relaxed, just as we put down 1000 kg stone off our shoulder. Wakaka secured his NW title before he came back to Hong Kong from the USA. We then tried to campaign him for the Best Cat in the International Division. But Hong Kong cat show did not have a sufficient count to make him be the Best Cat. We then decided to ship him to China to attend a big show in Beijing. He started his long journey again from the USA to Guangzhou and then transited to Beijing. After 24 hours flight, Wakaka looked very tired and was unwilling to eat. We worried about him and thought not to show him in the Beijing show. On the day before the show, he started eating and drinking again. We decided to let him try. He did not let us disappointed. In that Beijing show, he got 950 points, which secured his place as the BEST CAT in the International Division. Appreciation Wakaka is now living with Rhonda. He will bring him back to Hong Kong at the end of Sept. Hereby, we would like to thank Wakaka. He makes our dream come true. And of course, all contributions are done by Rhonda. Without Rhonda’s full effort, we could not have our FIRST own bred National Winner (NW). Moreover, we have lots of friends in the USA helping us during this journey, especially Noralyn, Tabatha, and Pam. On 1st July 2017, we got the BEST CAT award at the CFA annual banquet in Chicago. That moment will last forever in our minds. It is a crucial milestone for our breeding.

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BASIC CARE | YOU ARE THINKING OF GETTING A CAT, BUT ARE YOU READY FOR A CAT

You are thinking of getting a cat, BUT

Are You Ready for a Cat ? Daily, cats are relatively self-sufficient beings. What they expect from owners is a clean place to eliminate, shelter, and food, in addition to some nuzzling and stroking. Bathing and grooming are not needed much, neither daily walks. Cats are much better in spending time alone than dogs. Thus, they are ideal companions for those who spend a lot of time outside. However, it is still a long-term commitment to own a cat, considering that some can live even more than 20 years. Hence, before getting one, think how it will impact your daily life. Take into consideration that it will take you at least fourteen years of paying for veterinary care, buying food weekly, repairing scratches in your furniture, vacuuming up cat hair and litter and changing the cat box. Thus, I advise you to carefully read and answer the following questions before you adopt a cat. As it is a crucial decision, please include all your family members in the decision-making process. Is the timing right? Before bringing a cat to your household, give it a minute and think how is your life at the moment and how it will change in the upcoming years. Also, think about the impact of your lifestyle on a cat. If you are a frequent traveler, you will need to come up with a person who will look after your pet when you are gone. If you plan to move, think if you could bring a cat with you. Also, if you are pondering having a baby in the future, please note that some cats are not fond of children. Finally, it is not uncommon that landlords refuse to welcome pets, which could seriously limit your accommodation options if you are renting a home. How many hours do you spend away from home? Many healthy adult cats can easily adapt to a busy household. Usually, they don’t find it problematic to be alone for a weekend occasionally. However, cats should not be alone for more than 12 hours daily. If cats are regularly left alone for a long time, they can become unstable and difficult to handle. Depending on the cat’s temperament, they will be either aloof or excitable. The quality of the companionship that you receive from your cat depends on the way you treat her. For some people, the solution is to buy two cats. Although this indeed provides them some social interaction, it can also be challenging. When looking for a cat for a working household, please note that kittens under four months can spend maximum four hours alone at a time. The adolescents (six to eighteen months) require more attention than adults. Also, they can be very active at night and disturb your sleep patterns. Furthermore, take into consideration that Oriental breeds of pure-

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bred cats like Burmillas, Tonkinese, Burmese, and Havana Browns, (The SIamese family) need a lot of attention during their entire lives. Do you travel often? As most cats really don’t like to travel, you will probably need to hire a cat sitter while you are away. If your adult cat is well-adjusted and healthy, she could stay alone for a few days occasionally if you provide an automatic food dispenser. However, if you will be away longer, it is necessary to have someone to come every day or even stay in your house. The greatest problem is that cats become lonely after a long period of being alone. As a consequence, and in particular if their litter box habits are fastidious, don’t be surprised if they start eliminating somewhere else when their box becomes dirtier than usual. Do you have children? Cats mostly like children and get along well with them. In particular, if they are introduced to kids as kittens, they should spend a good time together. However, please note that some cats cannot accept children outside of their own household. Furthermore, some cats don’t like children younger than seven and feel uncomfortable around them. So, if you have children, check out which cats can fit them and how to make the introduction of the cat into the household smooth. Do you have other pets? Cats doing well with kids have adaptable and relatively tolerant temperaments. Those very same cats, in general, get along well with other pets in the household. Also, it is better to introduce cats do dogs when they are younger than when becoming adults. If they are introduced to a dog later in life and have never lived with one previously, it might be challenging. Also, if you already have an adult cat, it is better to bring a kitten than one more adult. Moreover, take into account the gender. If your resident cat is male, it is not a good idea to bring another adult male cat, according to the majority of animal behaviorists. If you are getting a cat, you will need to keep smaller pets such as fish, mice, rabbits, birds, and guinea pigs in a safe and closed environment. By nature, cats are predators. It means that your cat will chase small animals if you let them run freely around the house. Cats find fish tanks very entertaining, but don’t forget to cover them and place securely.


Purebreds such as the Mekong Bobtails shown here tend to have more predictable personalities than nonpurebred cats. photo by mekong bobtail cattery “Cofein Pride�


BASIC CARE

WHAT IS THE PERFECT CAT FOR YOU

What Is The Perfect Cat for You?

You have decided that it is a time to get a cat. Congratulations! Now, you must take into account if you want a female or male, a kitten or an adult, a purebred or a garden-variety house cat. In order to become a responsible pet owner, it is essential to find time to address these questions. Only if you choose the right cat, you will have a happy and enjoyable companion.. Kitten or Adult? Kitten’s cuteness makes them irresistible, but they are usually so energetic that their behavior will certainly affect your household. Especially those younger than four months enjoy climbing objects more than jumping on them, which can shred your furniture and curtains. Moreover, cats are good at climbing up drapery, but not well-versed in going down. So, they will hang on it until you come to help them. Furthermore, kittens younger than twelve weeks can endanger themselves by chewing electrical wires and getting stuck inside or behind appliances and furniture. It is crucial to provide kittens with sufficient stimulation every day because otherwise, they can be rowdy during the night, which can disturb your sleep patterns. If there are two kittens, however, they can play with each other. If you have children older than six, they will enjoy playing with kittens. When kids and kittens grow up in the same household, they establish a strong bond. A cat surrounded by children will not run away during the noisy playtime. Also, if you have an adult cat, don’t worry about bringing a kitten into your household, harmony will be restored promptly, which is not a case if you buy another adult. Also, kittens are much easier to train than adults in getting used to bathing, tooth brushing, and nail trimming. If your decision is to get a kitten, get one between twelve and sixteen weeks old. The younger they are, the less time they have had to socialize with littermates. However, if you cannot devote yourself to a kitten in the beginning, as they cannot stay alone for more than four hours, it is a better idea to get an adult.

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WHAT IS THE PERFECT CAT FOR YOU

Even shorthaired cats shed and should be groomed.. Some breeds, including British Shorthair like the one shown on the left, have dense coats and require grooming at least once a week.

Be aware that kittens don’t know how they should behave in your household. You have to be patient to socialize them and teach them not to sharpen their claws on your sofa and climb draperies. On the contrary, adults cats have established temperaments. As soon as you meet an adult, you can tell if she is tolerant or short-tempered, calm or high-strung, quite or noisy, active or placid, or aloof of friendly. In this case, you can easily decide which one would fit your household. Friendly and calm adult cats are ideal for children, as they would not try to run away from them. Also, adult cats are better in being alone several hours a day. Male or Female? There are people claiming that a male cat is a perfect companion, while others prefer females. To be honest, it much more depends on the cat’s temperament than on the gender. However, please note that animal behaviorists warn against bringing an adult male cat into a house with a resident male cat. You can always discus it with your breeder, s/he will help match you with the best companion for you.

Long Hair or Short? Logically, long-haired cats require more grooming than short or medium-length hair breeds. In particular, you will need to brush your Himalayan or Persian every day to avoid matting of its hair. Moreover, long-haired cats can quickly form hairballs. If you are very tidy, you would probably hate having cat fur all around your house, so better opt for the shorthaired one. Although they shed too, it is not even comparable to the shedding of long-haired cats. Talkative or Quiet? Did you know that cats can be talkative and thus annoying to your neighbors? The most vocal ones are high-energy breeds such as the Tonkinese, SIamese, Russian Blue, Oriental, Ocitat, Javanese, Cornish Rex, Colorpoint, and Balinese, with the Siamese is the loudest. On the contrary, Persians are very calm and quiet, and rarely make a sound.

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BASIC CARE

WHAT IS THE PERFECT CAT FOR YOU

High or Low Energy? Cats greatly vary in temperament, particularly domestic shorthairs. On the other hand, the behavioral patterns of purebred cats are considered predictable, although it is not always true. The behavior of the cat’s parents and early learning experiences are also crucial for the development of the temperament. Cats with a common genetic material and socializing and environmental influences are likely to behave similarly. Also, the age is a crucial factor. Kittens and adolescents up to eighteen months are more energetic than adults. However, the activity levels of cats older than three years vary because of different body types and breeds. Selkirk Rex, Ragdoll, Persian, Korat, Himalayan, Exotic Shorthair, British Shorthair, Birman, and American Shorthair usually have calm and quit personalities and enjoy resting peacefully. Temperaments of other breeds fall between somnolent and extremely active.

Scottish Folds tend to have balanced temperaments.

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WHAT IS THE PERFECT CAT FOR YOU One Cat or More? Animal behaviorists claim that being an only cat is fine for them, if you do not work long hours outside or do not travel too much. Then they can get all necessary companionship and interaction from you. Nevertheless, just like we do, a cat would be bored to spend all day by herself. So, if your working hours are long, you might consider getting two cats. Growing up together and spending time in play will keep them entertained. Also, two cats are less prone to irksome and destructive behavior, such as rounding around the house during the night. As it was already underlined, don’t take kittens younger than four months if you spend more than four hours outside of the house. Youngsters require a lot of supervision. Ideally, you should get two littermates, but if not, two kittens of the same age would work. Two cats raised together tend to get along well, develop a strong friendship, and do not require much affection and attention from the owner in comparison to single cats who expect to spend more time with humans. Remarkably, if you get a second cat later, the first one is likely to keep a strong relationship with you, whereas the second will be more cat-oriented.

How Many Cats Are Too Many? There is no simple answer to this question, because the harmony at home largely depends on cats’ temperaments. Social cats adore sharing the household with other cats, whereas those with solitary personalities would not like it too much. Kittens that shared the space with littermates until twelve weeks are generally more social, whereas orphan cats are not so cat-friendly. However, take into consideration that households with many cats encounter particular challenges. For instance, it is hard to control infectious diseases and difficult to maintain cleanliness. The cats can be anxious and stress, which can result in behavioral problems such as urine marking and aggression. Some cats strongly dislike unclean, overused litter boxes and can prefer to eliminate somewhere else. To avoid this problem, each cat should have its own personal space. There should be different observation posts and the resting places at various heights, so that each can decide on her own favorite place. You might buy a multilevel “cat condo” or install windowsill shelves so that they can rest.

Two’s company: If you can afford it, buy two kittens from the same litter.

Sept/Oct 2017 • BEST IN SHOW CATS

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BREED SNAPSHOT | 9 OF THE MOST AFFECTIONATE CAT BREEDS

9 of the Most Affectionate Cat Breeds

It is frequently said that compared to dogs, cats can appear independent, aloof, and cold. As a general rule, cats value much more personal space than dogs. However, the truth is that still cats are loyal, affectionate, and loving animals that much appreciate their human companionship. Commonly, cats develop a strong bond with people in their household, and often have one favorite person. If you are that chosen

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person, you are special and privileged! All cats have unique personalities, so it is impossible to predict what kind of temperament will the kitten develop and how committed and affectionate it will be towards the owners. If you want an affectionate cat, consider one of our suggested nine breeds that are known for being loyal and loving people.


Daisy MOS Lakshestar * RU SIB b sire: CH Albafeles’ Aragorn SBI b dam: Claire Adoration*RU SBI n 21 bred and owned by Lakshina Elena photo by A. Naumenko

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BREED SNAPSHOT | 9 OF THE MOST AFFECTIONATE CAT BREEDS

Persian

One of the most placid cat breeds. When you say “Persian Cat” everyone thinks of something longhair, elegant and quiet. They are very gentle and sweet-natured, They love to be stroked, hugged and admired, and enjoy quiet time in the lap of their loving human. Persians are not very playful; however, they can surprise their owners with their mousing ability. They are not bothered by busy households or houseful of children. Persian is the extremely popular breed in the United States: there are more Persians registered with Cat Fanciers’ Association than any other breed. They have very long and beautiful coats that require daily maintenance and grooming with a fine-toothed comb, such brushing sessions provide an excellent opportunity for bonding with the Persian cat. Beneath all that majestic fur is a stocky, well-muscled, medium to large body with short, thick legs. Head is round and massive with “pushed-in” nose and round eyes. They come in all colors, solid, silver, golden, shaded and smoke, bicolor, tabby and fascinating Himalayan. This classic longhaired pick is an excellent choice for either family households, or as the sole centre of attention from a lone owner.

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BREED SNAPSHOT | 9 OF THE MOST AFFECTIONATE CAT BREEDS

Siamese

This is the most recognizable breed by an average person, though Persian owners might not agree. For the Siamese cat, her human family is simply an extension of herself. That’s why there is no better pastime for her than being surrounded by favorite people. Commonly, the Siamese cat bonds strongly with one household member. She needs a lot of attention and requires to be treated as a part of the family. These cats are known for being chatty, and owners should learn how to interpret their own language of meows and mewls, as they convey a wide range of meanings. Siamese are very loyal, energetic, and intelligent. They not only like to be held but also prefer to take rides on their owners’ shoulders. They are also great companions for kids.

dern Siames o M e

Tra d itio ia m ese nal S

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Sept/Oct 2017 • BEST IN SHOW CATS

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BREED SNAPSHOT | 9 OF THE MOST AFFECTIONATE CAT BREEDS

Siberian

As you would expect, a cat from northern Russia is stocky and longhaired. These cats are gentle, very friendly, loyal, great with kids and do well with other pets. They are also active, and good hunters. They exhibit many different coat colors but most Siberians have the look of longhaired wild tabby cats. This is a rare breed with only a few specializing catteries outside of Russia. In appearance, Siberians are large cats that show strength and power. As an icing on top, Siberian cats are considered hypo-allergenic, making them a suitable candidate for people with allergies.

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BREED SNAPSHOT | 9 OF THE MOST AFFECTIONATE CAT BREEDS

Ragdoll

It is probably the most easygoing and laid-back cat you will ever meet, known worldwide for her sweet nature. This long-haired cat owns his name to the fact that she is going limp like a child’s rag doll when picked up. It is affectionate and gentle, but not streetwise. Thus, she spends much more time at home cuddling with the favorite human than outside. Although they like cuddling with people, they are not too demanding. Moreover, as they are very tolerant, they are the best to introduce to people who are afraid of cats or shy with animals. Finally, it is so enjoyable to stroke their beautiful long fur.

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BREED SNAPSHOT | 9 OF THE MOST AFFECTIONATE CAT BREEDS

British Longhair

They are similar in temperament to the affable British Shorthair and the gentle Persian. They are sweet-natured and easy going creatures that enjoy company with people and get well with other animals. They always wait for the moment to go limp in your arms. British Longhair is a heavy boned and muscular breed but still likes to be held and doesn’t mind being cuddled by children. The perfect life companion for families with kids or a loner.

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BREED SNAPSHOT | 9 OF THE MOST AFFECTIONATE CAT BREEDS

Sphynx

The Sphynx cat is unusual as it is hairless. Hence, it cannot cope well with extreme temperatures, and it is recommended to keep it only indoor. This cat belongs to high maintenance pets. The owner has to be very careful about their skin and to bath them every week and also to pay a lot of attention to the temperature of the household. The Sphynx is very active in seeking the human company, always ready to play, and very vocal, as they purr incredibly loud. It is a perfect choice for owners who want a highly personable, entertaining, and friendly cat to become a household member.

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BREED SNAPSHOT | 9 OF THE MOST AFFECTIONATE CAT BREEDS

Tonkinese

The Tonkinese cats represent a hybrid of the Burmese and the Siamese breeds, and it inherits the best traits of both parent breeds. These cats are famous for being outgoing, friendly, and form. Interestingly, they are more sedentary and laid back than a typical Siamese. Their personality is warm and appearance attractive. Like both breeds of the parents, they adore spending time with humans and enjoy pleasing them. They like to rest and relax, but also to play, as they are very inquisitive and active. In general, a typical Tonk is a well-adjusted and happy cat very content in the human company.

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BREED SNAPSHOT | 9 OF THE MOST AFFECTIONATE CAT BREEDS

Devon or Cornish Rex

The Cornish and the Devon Rex cats are two separate breeds, although both come from the Westcountry. However, it is standard for both breeds to have a very curly coat and a wide range of preferable personality traits. For example, they are laid back, inquisitive, entertaining, and affectionate.

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WCH Sting of Arni’s Kingdom owned by Ekaterina Vinter bred by Olga Komleva


9 OF THE MOST AFFECTIONATE CAT BREEDS

Honourable mention

Before you bring a Bengal, or any cat for that matter, into your home, be sure that you understand the obligation you are taking upon yourself.

Some other breeds famous for loving temperaments are thethe Maine Coon, the Burmese cat, the British Shorthair, the Bengal cat, and the Scottish Fold. Also, it is worth mentioning the moggy, a humble mixed-breed cat. In fact, all types and breeds of cats love affection and attention from their owners and enjoy cuddling when in the right mood!

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BASIC CARE

FINDING A PUREBRED CAT

Finding a Purebred Cat

If you are looking for a purebred or pedigreed cat, it is essential to find a reputable breeder. So, what is a reputable breeder? It is the one who breeds for mental and physical soundness of the cats and does not breed animals with hereditary problems or a poor temperament. So, if you are looking for cats and kittens that are high-quality purebred, don’t look any further than a reputable breeder. The best way to meet an outstanding breeder is to attend cat shows or contact your local club. At the show you can see many breeds, decide which one you like the most, and ask many questions. Also, veterinaries cooperate with breeders, and they can give you a recommendation. In addition, you can contact cat registries to find show schedules and breeders. The Emirates Feline Federation and The Cat Fanciers’ Association awards certificates for cat breeding operations to catteries, which adhere to their standards.

Evaluating a Breeder

When you decide to buy a well-socialized, healthy cat, the first step is to visit the cattery (if allowed) and to check the environment. The bad signs are a general lack of cleanliness (dirty litter boxes and unclean water and food dishes), bad odors, and overcrowding. Also, observe cats to assess their temperaments and physical conditions. Moreover, don’t forget to any question and make your opinion about the breeder.. Take into consideration that while you are checking out the reputable breeders, they will also check out on you. Expect the questions about the reasons you want to adopt their cat, your previous experience, and your lifestyle. Some of them may even ask you for a reference. Moreover, if there are children in your household, the breeder might ask to observe the interaction with the cat before he agrees to sell the kitten to you. Here is a list of questions to ask to evaluate the breeder during your visit. Please, note that he or she should answer questions willingly; otherwise, you can rightly assume that they are hiding something. Especially if you think that the breeder is in that job because of the money and not because of the love for cats and health of the breed, avoid that person. Can you tell me about the breed? What are its best and worst qualities? The best breeders not only know everything about their

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“If you are looking for a pedigreed, or purebred, cat, the most important part of the process is finding a reputable breeder, one that breeds for physical and mental soundness and refuses to breed any animal that exhibits a poor temperament or hereditary problems.”

breed; they are also enthusiastic about spreading that knowledge. We warn you that all breeds have their quirks. As a reputable breeder is, of course, aware of this, he or she will also be willing to share the information with you. A reputable breeder also knows everything about the advantages and disadvantages of a certain breed and will want that you also understand it so that you can know what to expect and treat your cat in a right way. The most important is ask about any potential health problems, grooming needs, and the breed’s temperament. How long have you been breeding this particular type of cat? The best and most experienced breeders usually have the best litters. They also have many references at the disposal. However, you should bear in mind that new breeders can be more enthusiastic and careful in spite of not having a track record. How often do you breed your cats? Female cats should be bred every nine months or a year, but not in a shorter period. Otherwise, their health would be compromised. Also, they can breed between the ages of one and seven. Take into consideration that those who breed female cats more often are not interested in feline health but financial profit. Do you show your cats? Those showing their cats will proudly show you awards of their cats. However, certificates and awards alone do not represent sufficient evidence of a reputability of a breeder. Be sure that the breeder is concerned about the temperament and overall health of cats and not only about the features that bring awards. Are the cat’s parents or other relatives on the premises?


FINDING A PUREBRED CAT

WCH Astarte Bolivar of Handsonnenberg

Professional breeders working on their line for several years should have their own stud cats therefore both parents should reside with the breeder. In case if the stud was borrowed from another cattery, you can ask to see his pictures and what is his temperament. Also, take a look at other cats. With the proper socialization, the kitten most likely develops similar temperamental features like their relatives. Also, ask if the breeder screens for hereditary diseases, and if yes, for which ones. It is particularly important to screen for hereditary diseases such as polycystic kidney disease in Himalayans and Persians. It is critical to ensure that the cattery is absolutely free from the feline immunodeficiency virus and deadly feline leukemia virus. Besides, don’t forget to ask how often cats are tested. Are your kittens examined and vaccinated by a veterinarian? Many breeders, as a rule, vaccinate kittens their litters themselves. However, it is still critical to have a veterinary to examine the cats for congenital problems such as eye problems, deafness, and heart defects. The first vaccination is given to kittens when they are between six and eight weeks. How long will I have to wait for a kitten? Do not expect reputable breeders to always have kittens on hand. It is because they only breed at a given time of the year or they have a commitment towards prescreened buyers. Also, they sell kittens when they are between twelve and sixteen weeks. Don’t buy a kitten younger than twelve weeks because they will encounter problems in socialization.

What kinds of instructions will you provide when I take the kitten home? A reputable breeder will give you a detailed instruction about grooming and feeding. Also, you will get tips to ensure the happiness and health of your specific breed. Make sure to find out what is the favorite brand of litter and food of your cat. Do you provide a contract? It is very important to have a contract that includes a health guarantee and conditions about bringing the cat back to the breeder if needed. You might be required by the contract to have the cat neutered and to ensure a veterinary examination in a given period following the purchase. If your kitten is diagnosed with a severe problem in a given amount of time, a reputable breeder will offer you a refund or another kitten. In a case that your kitten is the offspring of a show cat, the breeder has a right to ask you to sign a co-ownership agreement. Do you have “papers” for the cats you sell? When you are buying a cat, you should receive vaccination and health records, as well as pedigree documentation. The pedigree documentation is basically a diagram showing the family tree. There, you can see a list of the ancestors of your cat for three or more generations, and awards they got. Breed association registrations show that the cat is the offspring of a registered purebred female and male of the same breed. Also, the breeder should provide you a certificate to transfer ownership of a named and registered cat to you and an application to the register. Sept/Oct 2017 • BEST IN SHOW CATS

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BASIC CARE | CHOOSING A HEALTHY KITTEN

Choosing a Healthy Kitten

If you get a kitten, note that you will share your life with it for more than 14 years. Hence, it is imperative to have a kitten that will become a healthy and well-adjusted adult. Don’t buy sick and wick kitten because you feel sorry or to get it veterinary treatment because it will end up in a lot of heartache and huge medical bills. Nevertheless, if you buy a healthy kitten and it gets sick or does not improve within a week or two, you could take it back to the breeder. Thus,

this option should be included in your agreement before the purchase. Also, take a look at its mother’s state of health, because it has a decisive factor for the health of the kittens. If you want to know the personality of your kitten in advance, observe it watching with littermates and ask the breeder for more information. Ideally, kittens should remain in the litter until they turn twelve weeks.

A healthy kitten has a firm, muscular body and feels much heavier than it looks when you pick it up.

The eyes are bright and clear The nose is velvet and slightly damp

The mouth and gums are pink in color The fur is soft and smooth to the touch

The limbs show no signs of lameness

British Shorthair kitten 7 weeks old

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CHOOSING A HEALTHY KITTEN

WHAT TO LOOK FOR WHEN CHOOSING A KITTEN The ears should be clean with no discharge. Constant scratching may be a sign of ear mites.

The eyes should be clear, bright, and free from discharge. the third eyelid should not be showing

The mouth and gums should be pale pink in color and the breath odor-free.

The nose should be cool and damp, without any nasal discharge or crusting around the nostrils.

The abdomen should be slightly rounded but not potbelied, which may be a sign of roundworms.

The coat is a good pointer to how healthy the kitten is; it should be glossy with no signs of fleas or dandruff

The rear should be clean, with no signs of diarrhea or any discharge from the genitals.

The tail must be flexible and has no kink (depending on the breed)or other deformity.

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BUYERS’ GUIDE | TIME FOR SHOPPING

Time for Shopping!

If it is your first cat, you will need to purchase some equipment to ensure its wellbeing and comfort. For example, you will need feeding bowls, litter tray, and bed. Don’t fall for the latest designer cat accessories; rather, focus on the cat’s actual needs. Get good quality basic items, but within the limit of your budget. There will always be time to indulge your cat with sophisticated products later on. Comfort First Cats know how to make themselves comfortable and find a perfect place for a nap. If you let them, they would enjoy sharing the duvet on your bed, cushions, and your favorite armchair. People mostly enjoy observing how the cat is using the space and even forgive making a nest in a pile of washed towels. Nevertheless, keep in mind that apart from occasional sharing a bed with you, cats still must have a safe bed that represents their own territory. You can choose from a variety of cat beds in the market, including hammocks,

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bean bags, roofed-in tent-style beds, and baskets. From your perspective, a good bed is the one that is easy to wash and attractive. However, in your cat’s opinion, the best is soft fabrics to create warmth and to snuggle up against soft sides. Their sleeping space must be compact so that they have a sense of wraparound security.


BUYERS’ GUIDE | TIME FOR SHOPPING

Choosing a bowl There are many cat bowls to choose from. Those with shallow sides are the most comfortable for your cat to use. A rubber base can help stop the bowl sliding around the floor while your cat is eating. Plastic bowls are not recommended as it allows development of bacteria. Bowls should always be kept clean.

Litter requirements Cats can be fussy about litter trays and materials, so finding the types to meet both your cat’s approval and your requirements for cleaning may involve some trial and error. A plastic scoop is useful for removing soiled litter.

Water fountains Fountain will provide your cat with filtered running water. It is also encouraging your cat to drink more, not to mention its amusing effect for both cats & kittens.

Food and Water Bowls Separate bowls for water and food are needed, and each cat must have its own set. Bowls can be metal or ceramic, but stable not to tip over. Also, they must not be too deep and should be wider than the cat’s whiskers. The bowls should be washed daily, and all leftovers of wet foods must be removed immediately. You may consider purchasing an automatic feeding station that works on schedule. These have a lid that prevents the food from going stale and flips open at your cat’s mealtime. They are great if you are on a trip and cannot attend the regular feeding routine.. Litter Trays Self-cleaning, automatic, manual, covered and open trays are available. No matter which type you prefer, it should be

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large and with high sides to prevent slipping if the litter is scraped around. The most convenient for use are litter materials made out of absorbent, biodegradable pellets or clay as they form clumps of the wetter that you can quickly scoop up. My favorite is wooden types because they are hypoallergenic. Don’t be surprised to be forced to try different materials before your cat chooses one that she likes. Litter deodorizers prevent odors; however, cats dislike scented products and may refuse to use the tray. Collars and Microchips Your cat must be tagged with a microchip because it is the way to identify it if it strays. This device is as big as a rice grain. A vet inserts it under the skin at the back of the neck. All chips have unique numbers to be detected by a scanner.


TIME FOR SHOPPING

Tagged for security A collar with a snap fastening is a must for an outdoor cat. Your ID can be sealed in a pendant cylinder or engraved on a disc. To help protect birds, add a bell to the collar to give warning of your cat’s approach.

Sleeping in Style A tend bed, or “iglo” (top), keeps out draughts and gives your cat the security of a roof over his head. Soft fabric, basket-style beds (above) are good for snuggling into; check that the material is easy to wash.

All outdoor cats must carry a collar with an ID tag providing the owner’s contact details. Check if the collar is loose enough by slipping two fingers under it. Also, there must be a quick-release snap in a case that the collar becomes snagged. It is not safe to have the collar with elastic inserts, because it can stick around a leg or the head. Scratching Posts Cats must scratch. Hence, you need to provide the space if you don’t want them to ruin your carpets or furniture. Daily scratching helps them mark their territory by wearing away the outer sheaths of their claws. The great scratching place is a rough-carpeted, flat base with an upright post with coiled rope and carpeted platform. It should be located near to

Safe transport A carrier must be easy for your cat to enter and exit. Most cats object to being confined, so it is important to choose a carrier with a wide grid opening. Your cat may travel better in a cage, which lets him see out all the way around, although this may need a large car for transport.

the cat’s bed because they like to stretch and scratch after waking up Carriers If you need to transport your cat, the safest way is with a cat carrier, large enough for it to turn around inside. It can be a traditional basket or made out of wire or plastic. It is a good idea to place inside a favorite cushion or blanket to make the cat comfortable. Cats should first get used to the carrier before being transported. Thus, leave it open for a while and encourages the cat to use it. If he finds it safe, he will not make problems during the journey, even if you are going to the vet. Sept/Oct 2017 • BEST IN SHOW CATS

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BREED PROFILE | ABYSSINIAN

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2016-2017 Best of Breed & CFA 13th Best Cat (R1-9): GC, BW, NW PTIPRINCE RUDOLF NUREYEV OF ALMAROS, Ruddy Abyssinian Male Bred by Jane Sorochenko Owned by Alice Rosol photo by Maria Davidova

Abyssinian


ABYSSINIAN

“A loyal and loving pet, this slinky, graceful cat is curious, full of energy, and requires space to play and explore”

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BREED PROFILE | ABYSSINIAN

Place of Origin There is still anonymity as to the roots of the Abyssinian breed, and they are plentiful of striking tales about where these cats came from. Whatever the origins of today’s Abyssinian, the dignified cat suggests it’s a variety of an Egyptian origin. Among the characteristics they demonstrate is that they have long limbs, well-cupped auricles, rounded necks, elegant svelteness, and attentive look of these figurines. The major variance of is today’s Abyssinians cat and the early one is that today’s Abyssinians have an ear flare, which complements their modified segmented head shape. Since documenting at the end of the 19th century was not reliable since it was not accurate, the manuscripts documenting the early cat do not reveal a lot of information about the origins of this breed. The origin of the name “Abyssinian” came from the fact such that may at the time the first such cat was imported into England, the English army was fighting in Abyssinia, which is now Ethiopia. At the conclusion of the war it is supposedly when the cat was brought into England, and the British book by Gordon Stables, Cats, Their Points, Etc., published in 1874, demonstrates this with a colored lithograph of a cat with a marked coat and absence of visible tabby patterns on its face, appendages and neck. The description reads: “Zula, the property of Mrs. Captain Barrett-Lennard. At the conclusion of the war in Abyssinia which is the recent Ethiopia the cat was brought to England ....” From genomic studies which identifies that these cats most likely came from the coast of the Indian Ocean and parts of Southeast Asia gives enlightens more as to the origins of the Abyssinian breed might come from. In the Leiden Zoological Museum in Holland which was purchased in the mid-1830s and labeled as “Patrie, domestic India there is a reddish marked catlike taxidermy display. From the above information it leads us to come to a conclusion that the breed may have come from India by colonists or merchants who frequently travelled between England and the Indian subcontinent and eventually

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the breed found itself in England. There are records of early pedigrees going back to 1904 which show mostly unknown sires and dams, but also show some crosses with various cats which are clearly not what we would think of as Abyssinians. Some of these crosses would explain the various colors we have today, as well as the probable origin of the longhaired variety known as the Somali. It was not until the 1930s that good show trait of Abyssinians were imported from England, although there were a few of these cats imported into the U.S at the beginning of 1900s. The modern American Abyssinian procreating agenda was established on the basis of these cats, predominantly, a couple of smuggled English Abyssinians that were registered circa 1934. According to CFA stud book in volume 9 there are ten Abyssinians listed; this appears to be the introduction of the Abyssinian breed in CFA. One CFA Abyssinian was 2nd Best All American Cat in 1965, Best All American Cat in 1966, and 3rd Best All American Cat in 1967. In 1966 this same Abyssinian was CFA’s 2nd Best Cat and Best Shorthair. Since then various national and local awards hosted by CFA have been won by Abyssinians.


ABYSSINIAN

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BREED PROFILE | ABYSSINIAN Large, alert ears set wide apart

Apperarane “The Abyssinian is a striking cat

Eyes outlined in black

with a hint of “wild” about it - like a small mountain lion.” Well-balanced, graceful body

Distinctive dark facial markings around eyes

Silky, lustrous, coat

Lighter underparts Long, tapering tail Slender legs

Relatively small paws

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ABYSSINIAN

The opulently stained, marked tabby skinned off of colorations on its legs, tail, and neck but exhibiting intense facial markings is the outstanding defining feature of the Abyssinian breed. Each hair is “ticked” with four to six stretches of color, dark at the tip, and lighter at the origins, alternating dark and light. In the perfect model of Abyssinian the color at the origins is cheerful and matches the color on its undersides and the insides of its limbs. The Abyssinian breed is made up by breeds exhibiting four colors. The first one, the color is known as ruddy, is the one which is uninhabited .The cat gives the imprint of a blistered sienna iridescent cat with its colors, with the darker bands of color being dark sepia to black and the lighter bands being a bright orange The next Rounded muzzle cat to be realized was the one giving the impression of a with prominent red iridescent cat with coffee brown in the darker bands of whisker pads color. The blue Abyssinian has slate blue as its darker bands of color with alternating bands of warm fawn, giving the impression of a warm dark blue cat with a much refined look. To complete the colors of the Abyssinian is the fawn, which has pale cocoa murkier stripes and a cordial rose-beige lighter stripes of marking , a look at the cat it impersonates a warm antique rose-colored cat. From the eyes and the brow the dark lines extend with eyes highlighted by the fine murky lines, surrounded by light colored areas coherent with the ticking color. Covering on the whisker pads and cheekbone shading and dots are also desirable improvements.

Fine textured ruddy coat

The Abyssinian has almond shaped eyes with its head characterized as a modified woodblock with reasonably pointed big and always alert ears. The ears should be cupped and extensive at the pedestal and established as though they are snooping around. Preferring neither maximum length nor extreme shortness the head, eyes and ears should be all appropriate to each other in a flattering manner. The cat’s physique should strike a medium between the extremes of the cobby and the graceful extended type. In other words, apart from displaying a well-developed powerful strength without abrasiveness it should be supple, elegant and it should be moderate long. Apart from a measly scope the comparison and the overall stability are more wanting. Upended on tiptoes; the normal Abyssinian usually likes to curve its back while standing alertly, the feline should also look like to be long on its legs. Overall this outstanding creature appears to have just marched away from the jungle with a look resonating of its desolate beginnings so many years ago, toughened with the knowledge that the Ancient Egyptians showed them such admiration. The attainment of the so-called insipid colored Abyssinians (blue and fawn) has been earmarked in the last era. Over the past ten years we have had both blue and fawn national and regional winners and blue and fawn national and regional breed winners. In the vast majority of cases, ruddies and reds of today are Sept/Oct 2017 • BEST IN SHOW CATS

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BREED PROFILE | ABYSSINIAN

CFA POINT SCORE HEAD (25) Muzzle

6

Skull

6

Ears

7

Eye Shape

6

BODY (30) Torso

15

Legs and feet

10 5

Tail COAT (10)

10

Texture COLOR (35) Color

15

Ticking

15 5

Eye color

PENALIZATION Off-color pads. Long narrow head, short round head. Barring on legs, dark broken necklace markings, rings on tail. Coldness or grey tones in the coat. White undercoat on blue or fawn Abyssinians.

DISQUALIFICATION White locket, or white anywhere other than nostril, chin, and upper throat area. Kinked or abnormal tail. Dark unbroken necklace. Grey undercoat close to the skin extending throughout a major portion of the body. Any black hair on red Abyssinian. Incorrect number of toes. Any color other than the four accepted colors.

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Ruddy - coat ruddy brown (burnt-sienna), ticked with black; the extreme outer tip to be the darkest, with orange-brown undercoat. Tail tipped with black. The underside and inside of legs to be a tint to harmonize with the main color. Nose leather: tile red. Paw pads: black or brown, with black between toes, extending slightly beyond the paws.


ABYSSINIAN most likely to have the dilute genetic factor in their setting. As it is impossible to tell whether ruddies or reds carry the socalled dilute genetic factor so as it is very unlikely to tell by looking at them whether they carry the red gene. Breeders have realized the benefits of procreating back to the “wild” gene (i.e. ruddy) and thus the colors at the back and sides of these cats are warming up. In fact, the one major change to the Abyssinian standard is to penalize for white under color on blue and fawn Abyssinians. The anticipation is that the color on the underside on the back and sides of these cats will match the under color on the stomach and the insides of the limbs. Apart from the tri-colored look of the previous dilute-colored Abyssinians, there are already some cats which have expressed this preferred coloration. Abyssinians undergo through phases of transformation in the design of the cat the same as many varieties. Many more of the restrained cats had satisfactory performances in the show ring 10 years ago. Today’s approach the pendulum appears to be leaning to a svelte look According to the customary, both appearances are conventional, and, in part, by eluding the extremes the Abyssinian cat has flourished. The approach of pendulum will strike back

the other way, as it has done in the past with the past as the guide. The upsurge in both ear scope and the sparkle of the ear is one modification that has become quite noticeable. To a point this heightens the style and sophistication of the Abyssinian and is certainly more in keeping with today’s sleeker look. Nonetheless, as in all things, proper attention must be taken to not go overboard. One of the most important features for the Abyssinian to preserve its unsophisticated look is the balance. We begin to disfigure the look of the head that helps to give this variety its wild, “out of the jungle” appearance and charm otherwise the extent of the ear and ear set must be steady with the rest of the creature. In one word – BUSY, the nature of the Abyssinian can be depicted from the word above. These cats are incredibly intelligent, Apart from being good problem solvers, the Abyssinian is incredibly sensible and occupied with a ravenous curiosity. We have a strong amalgamation when you combine this with its inborn athleticism which comes with their specific body type and their burliness. Furthermore, Abyssinians are inclined to want to do everything on their own conditions. Without understanding their particular personality, domesticating these captivating, wonderful looking creatures can be a great contest.

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Temperament Place of Origin

Unless it is eating or sleeping the ordinary Abyssinian is progressively on the move. Lest something unusual happens that derives the cat’s attention somewhere else-these cats constantly seem to guard their kingdom. Whenever their attention is nettled the Abyssinian always deeply attentive to what is happening around the area of interest, at least until another thing of their particular interest catches their attention or they decide that whatever is happening is really not all that interesting anyway. This creature likes to spend its past time looking at captivating activities such as looking out at birds or squirrels through the window not until they hear a can opener or decide they want attention or find something else of more interest. Even into adulthood these creatures amazingly spirited. Everything they do seem to be larger than life. They play and they give over 100% with sometimes not appearing to worry about existence or limb! Over a period of many months they can entertain themselves for many minutes at a given time with a given toy, and then all over certain they decide they don’t ever want to play with it again. Mechanical toys can be a problem when you want them to play, toys such as wind-up toys as soon as the wind down, its either you wind it up again or they will just not be amused anymore. Apart from a plastic bottle cap just as well as with costly, elegant cat toys, they can also entertain themselves with a paper ball. At playing fetch they train humans very well. Disregarding gravity at times is one the trait the Abyssinian variety possesses. In the house there is no place that can be hard for them to reach. More often it always looks unrealistic for them to reach certain places; then they awe you and leave you surprised when you watch them how they are able to prove you wrong. Abyssinians live in all three aspects. They are akin to make complete use of an erect space. Evidently, they are not terrified of heights. Usually, they are very cautious while treading on the top of the shelves of tall bookcases or top of kitchen cupboards; their naughty friskiness however causes them to push over some trinket over the edge, to satisfy their curiosity on what might happen. If this playfulness results in a loud thud, they will probably be personally scared. Through scrutiny, females tend to be more smooth than males overall although the desire to play can cause a disturbing outcome on fragile items. The owners of these Abys are advised to keep the fragile items out of the Abyssinians reach. Since they love high places, pet Abyssinians ought to be given a way of getting to the vertical as well as the horizontal dimensions of their living areas. As a result, tall scratching posts or scratching trees are much welcome and easily used by this breed. Mostly, Abyssinians are most of the times justly cheap to keep. They fancy being hand rubbed.

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BREED PROFILE | ABYSSINIAN

Showing During the shedding season, it is good to give the cats a bath once a year. All that is required is to wash them with a good pet shampoo, quickly towel them off, and let them drip dry. The practice of bathing the Abyssinians should commence when they are still small and a good claw clipping should be done first. Because there are several Abyssinian owners bringing their cats for the show, there will definitely be a variety of ways in which they bathe and groom the cats in readiness for the show arena. This is more so because there are different varieties on coat lengths and textures which need somewhat diverse methods of bathing. Show grooming before the exhibition ring involves a quick hand polish and lots of play to make the process a fun thing to do. In the entertainment arena, the Abyssinians ought to adapt to any way they are manipulated. More so if they are allowed to have interactions with the toys on the judging table, they will prefer and react better when they are touched less as to when they are touched more. An Abyssinian that has been in the entertainment scene for long has a way of finding out where the toys are stashed by the judges and will by all means try to get to where the toy cache is where the judging table is. Apart from the toys, Abyssinians will be quickly distracted by someone enjoying a meal near them. When not conversant with the judging experience, the Abyssinian will be softly luring them will get the needed response and make the cat more relaxed, achieving better results than trying to force things on it. Fulfilling the Abyssinians natural needs as far as playing around is concerned will at times making the cat more responsive and playful. One advice for trainers who are guiding an Abyssinian kitten in its premier show is to ensure that the kitten is conversant with feathers, sparkly toys, and other teases that the judges will make use of to attract the cat. The Abyssinian cats premiering in the entertainment arena should be prepared mentally on what they are going to experience. It is important to start orienting the Abyssinian kittens during their young age. Consequently, the entertainment business should comprise of more fun and games for the kittens so they can know that the entertainment comprises of rewards and a lot of concentration. As they grow older, Abyssinian will become more brilliant which is clearer looking at the more mature Abyssinians at championships. When already fully grown, their coat, color and muscle tone are thoroughly formed and are capable of

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displaying a very flamboyant stature on the show front. People fascinated and looking to own a part of the wild territory and who need a vigorous, self-entitled, loving cat should look for this very ancient breed. These naughty, enthusiastic short hair cats, with their iridescent, shiny, multicolored coats, can bring years of joy to any family. It is therefore evident that people that have ever had an Abyssinian as a pet will not choose any other animal as a pet. Therefore, just as popular as it was in the 20th century, this breed is continuously more popular even in the new millennium.


ABYSSINIAN

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FELINE TIDBITS | ANCIENT EGYPT

In Feline Tidbits we share things you always wanted to know about cats. From myths and legends to well known quotes, as well as quick tips on breeding, showing and caring for your little companion. Eqyptian Mau Did you know that in Ancient Egypt the word Mau was used to refer to a cat? The name, obviously was based on the sounds that cat made just as we refer to cats “meows” today. However there exists a breed today called the Egyptian Mau, which may or may not be a direct descendant of the ancient Egyptians’ pets.

The cat talisman Like people all over the world, Egyptians have had certain symbols and figures to be used as charms or amulets. The utchat also known as the ‘Sacret eye’ is one that was commonly worn. This consisted of one large stylized eye that had several small cat figures that were engraved around it. The connection was clear because for Egyptians the word cat, mau was not only a sound that cats made but also meant “to see”.

Cat mummies Egyptians have been known to mummify their human dead and because they thought very highly of cats the upper class of Egypt also mummified them too because they could afford to do it. The whole idea was that since they believed in life after death they also mummified mice to act as food for the cat mummies. More than 30000 cat mummies were found at a site in Egypt in 1980. Most of these cat mummies were in engraved wood cased wrapped in coloured bandages. The cat mummies along with the human mummies are on display at the world museums.

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ANCIENT EGYPT

Capital cat crime You may not know this but in Ancient Egypt deliberately killing a cat was a capital crime. This is a fact and not a legend such that a person could be executed or lynched if he killed a cat accidentally. Fortunately, that did not happen often.

Cat-head and lion-head There were various goddesses among the Egyptians and Sekhemet the Lady of the West was among them. She had a body of a woman and a head of a lion and was not different from Bast who was sometimes called the Lady of the East (the East side of the Nile River). The two goddesses were thought to be the same because both were regarded as symbols of motherhood, fertility, hearth and home.

Did the Egyptians really worship cats? Non Egyptians accused Egyptians of worshipping cats and there has been evidence of this. There have been paintings and carvings showing priests bowing and making sacrifices to cats. Generally, they have been known to treat cats as if they were gods. There is a fine distinction between ‘worshipping’ and ‘venerating’is made by religious experts but to an average human being it is as clear as they may think. All in all, while Egyptians adored their animals they loved their cats more.

The cat in the moon Most people do not know it but ancient Egyptians associated the worship of the moon with cats. The cat was associated to the goddess Iris who symbolized the moon. Because of the cat being active at night and the having pupils that reminded people of the waxing and waning of the moon it was believed to be a symbol of the moon. Just as the moon the cat’s pupils can change from being narrow to the widest circles just like the moon.

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BREED SNAPSHOT | BEST CAT BREEDS FOR FAMILIES WITH KIDS

Best Cat Breeds for Families with Kids

Having pets in early childhood is highly beneficial for children. With pets, they learn how to respect other beings, to take responsibility, and they develop a lifelong love for animals. It is the best way to raise a great future animal owner. Moreover, keeping a pet is the best way to make sure that children are not afraid of animals, but rather able to look after them safely and properly. Considering larger pets, rather than types kept in cages and tanks, the widespread opinion is that dogs fit families the best as they are outgoing and enjoy playing frequently. It is also easier to interpret what a dog feels, so children can learn not to be too enthusiastic about the play. Nevertheless, noble cats are also excellent for families with children. What is important is to supervise how children behave with cats in the beginning and to teach them to respect the cat’s personal space as well as not to harm the cat in any way. If you are considering bringing a cat into your household, check out our list of the best eight cat breeds for families with children.

The Maine Coon

The Maine Coon is a robust and large cat. As a keen hunter, it enjoys spending time outside and playing. It adores roaming freely and cannot be tied down. However, it is affectionate with kids and loyal to the family. Also, once the cat has a nice interaction with your children, it will try to initiate the play.

The Ragdoll

The Ragdoll is known as the most kindly natured cat. The chances that it will bite or scratch are virtually nonexistent. However, it is still important to teach your children how to approach her, to respect her, and to stop insisting if she does not want to play. Children need to read the cues as the Ragdoll, unlike the majority of other cats, will not react negatively to overzealous children.

The Siamese Cat

Who said that the Siamese cat is aloof, moody, and cold? No way! It is a loving and loyal creature for all ages, and very affectionate to their families. However, note that they adore being in the center of attention and might become jealous if not. Nevertheless, if your child and the Siamese cat become friends, this friendship will last during their lifetime. Being very intelligent, it would be very interesting for your child to involve the Siamese into games. Don’t be surprised if the cat learns how to fetch.

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BEST CAT BREEDS FOR FAMILIES WITH KIDS

The British Shorthair

It is a friendly, but a laid back cat that thrives in a noisy and busy household. They are affectionate with all generations of cat lovers, tolerant of children, and likely take most things in their stride. British Longhair is a longhair variety of British Shorthair, they are also affectionate and playful. Their coats are tangle free and easy to maintain.

The Scottish Fold

These cats are easy going, sweet-natured, and quiet. They don’t like being alone and enjoy being surrounded by people. As they are laid back, they are great companions for children who can hold them and play together for hours. A longhaired version of the Scottish Fold is the Highland Fold. Scottish Straights has the same features as Folds.

The Persian

The long-haired, squishy-faced Persian cat is among the most loved cats in the world because of its calm, quiet temperament and beautiful appearance. Although it is not too active, it enjoys being stroked and cared for by a kind child. Your older children would be delighted to groom and brush your Persian cat to keep them pretty.

The Norwegian Forest Cat

The Norwegian Forest Cat is an active, solidly built, large cat that adores spending time outdoors. They are fantastic explorers, climbers, and hunters, and at the same time loyal and affectionate to their families. If your kids are thoughtful, this is a perfect cat for you. They are more robust and less delicate than many other cat breeds.

The Cornish Rex

The Cornish Rex is a friendly, inquisitive, curly-haired, petite cat. They remain playful as kittens even in their adult yours and adore exploring and playing throughout the entire lives. They are curious about literary everything and adore having people around them and being engaged in play. You cannot find a better fellow for your kid to explore the world. However, we must underline that cats are not toys. They are delicate and small, and as such should be always treated with consideration and respect. Supervise your younger children while playing with the cat and teach them how to interpret their signals. It is the most important to know when the cat has had enough and does not want to continue the play. Never let your kids play too roughly, intimidate, or bully the cat. Also, teach kids that cats have their own personal space that should not be invaded. The cats must have their place to retreat whenever they would like it.

The Siberian

This is an oldest breed from Russia. These Russian gentle giants are fearless, sociable, playful, hypo-allergic, and affectionate. Siberians are easy going, have docile temperament that makes them particularly great with children. They share some trait with dogs, love playing fetch, and greet people at the door. They prefer to be as close as possible to family members and cat tolerate other animals.

The Abyssinian

The Abyssinian is an independent, outdoor loving and active cat. They always prefer to be outdoors, no matter if it is raining or not, than in the house. They adore exploring things, exercising, and climbing. Your children would have so much fun joining to Abyssinian in adventures and discovery.

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BASIC CARE | WELCOMING YOUR NEW FAMILY MEMBER

Welcoming Your New Family Member

So, the big day is here and you are getting ready to bring the cat home. Try not to schedule anything for that day so that you can devote it only to your new family member. Don’t forget to take it for the checkup at the vet in the first twenty four hours. Before the checkup and quarantine, keep him isolated from other cats in the household. Picking up Your New Cat We know, you can easily get swept up in the excitement when it is the time to bring a new pet. So, in order not to forget anything important, we recommend you to prepare you a checklist. Here is the list of information that you should get from the shelter or breeder: pedigree and breed association papers; the name of the food the cat has been eating; the veterinarian who has examined the cat; parasite treatments; a list of the vaccinations; any special tests the cat has had; the type of litter it has used; the shelter or breeder contract and health guarantee. Use a carried lined with a washable, absorbent, soft material to bring a cat. The carrier can be placed on the floor of

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the car or secured with a safety belt on the car seat. Easing the Transition After some time given to get used to the new environment, a majority of cats will settle in easily and comfortably. This transition can last a few days for kittens up to a few weeks for adults. Kittens need much less time to adapt to the new space. You should prepare a room for the cat in advance. Once at home, place the cat there and leave her on her own for several hours to calm down. However, is she is meowing for attention, do not hesitate to spend time with her. On the other hand, if she seems content alone, leave her that way. Some cats need time alone. Afterwards, if you don’t have another cat at home, let her roam freely and explore at her own pace. Keep her area accessible, so that she can go back if she doesn’t feel comfortable exploring anymore. Also, if you have many rooms, the young kitten should explore first one or two rooms maximal and it should be done under your supervision. You will need to keep supervising the cat until she turns four months. Make sure that


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BASIC CARE | WELCOMING YOUR NEW FAMILY MEMBER she is close to the litter box not to begin eliminating somewhere else. If you have more resident dogs or cats, your new cat should first spend some time alone. Check our instructions on how to introduce a new cat to already resident pets. Young kittens easily adapt to a new routine in a new environment, but it is challenging for adult cats. Typically, when an adult cat is introduced to the new environment, she would at first hide and go out only to use the litter box or to eat when there are no humans around. Don’t force her anything, as she will establish a relationship with you once she is ready. Keep providing water and food on a schedule, but don’t pay any attention to her until she asks for it. Introducing a New Cat to a Resident Cat Although your cat is friendly to your family members and easily accepts people, it does not mean that it will accept other cats. According to the rule of animal behaviorists, if the resident cat is a male, then you should introduce a female, preferably a kitten. If your cat is older (meaning more than ten years) and she has never shared space with another feline, it is not a wise idea to introduce a second cat. The resident cats will never accept the new one without any antagonism. Hat you can expect is trying to drive the new cat away, chasing, swatting, and hissing. You should understand that a social balance of older residents is disturbed when the new one comes, as it changes their dynamics. For example, cats that used to be good friends could start fighting. Also behavior problems are common, the most frequent one being urine making. The resident cats also need special attention during this time. They are anxious and their anxiety needs to be calm. Try to reassure them about their place in the household. However, don’t be surprised if they withdraw themselves for a while. This transition can take up to two months, especially if both cats are adults. However, if withdrawal, fasting, house soiling, and aggression continue, probably the best solution is to find a new owner for the newcomer. However, here we provide a list of steps to help you smoothly introduce a newcomer into the existing hierarchy. Keep the Cats Apart At first, the newcomer should be isolated from other cats in a bathroom or a separate bedroom. If the litter box of the resident cat is in your only bathroom, we advise you to remove it from there and place it in a few weeks before the expected arrival of a newcomer. In this way, the cat can quickly reach it. Provide a litter box, water, and food for the new cat, and keep her door closed. Both the residents and the newcomer will need a lot of your attention in the beginning. They can be aware of each other, but physically separated to avoid conflicts. The cats should be kept separated for at least two weeks,

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WELCOMING YOUR NEW FAMILY MEMBER

“Introduce resident

pets to your new kitten gradually”

photo by mekong bobtail cattery “Cofein Pride”

but gradually made accustomed to each other. First, the newcomer should be placed in a carrier or a cage behind a screened barrier in the doorway of his room. Here, it is crucial to ensure that the cats cannot open it. Then, for the several days, move the carrier through the rooms, or allocate time for the resident to be closed in a separate room so that the newcomer can investigate the house freely. In this way, the newcomer can establish his presence without getting into the fight with a resident. Also, it is a good idea to provide them a joint pleasurable experience that they can associate with their meeting. For example, you can feed them at the same time, but still keeping the newcomer behind the screened barrier or in a cage. When they both are in a lazy mood, you can let the newcomer out, and they can get to know each other. However, here it is crucial to have some exit, so that cats can run away in a case of a fight. Probably, this will not pass without some sniffing, swatting, growling, and hissing. Intervene only if there is bloodshed. Then you will need to use a thick blanket to separate the cats. Afterwards, put the new cat back in its carrier. If you are forced to separate them, go back to the first step and don’t make another attempt for a week. You will need to repeat this process until they stop fighting. Introducing a New Cat to a Resident Dog If you already have a dog, you will need to keep the newcomer alone for at least seven days. The cat should have enough time to get used to the new environment before meeting the dog. When they first meet, the dog should be leashed. Also, there must be a way for the cat to escape. The best is to make sure that it can reach its carrier or cage, where the dog cannot get in. There is, in fact, no natural antagonism before cats and dogs, but the problem is that dogs have the instinct to chase everything that is running, whereas the instinct of the cat is just opposite, they run when they something bigger is chasing them. Fighting should always be prevented because the consequences can be severe. The relationship between them should not be forced because almost always they will develop a peaceful coexistence over time. However, they should not be left alone in the first month; you will need to supervise their interaction until they get used to each other and develop a bond. Our advice for the happy cat-dog household is to bring them in when they are a puppy and a kitten so they can grow up together and become real friends. Sept/Oct 2017 • BEST IN SHOW CATS

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HEALTH | STRESSED CATS MORE PRONE TO DISEASE

Stressed Cats More Prone to Disease

As reported by a recent study published in the journal Applied Animal Behavior Science, the immune system of the cats and susceptibility to disease is influenced by their emotional state and behavior. As we know from the experience, when we are feeling tense or anxious, there is a higher probability of getting sick. Not only we can catch colds and coughs easily, but it takes more time to recover when we are stressed. Our feline friends are as vulnerable as humans. Thus, cats in shelters often have upper respiratory diseases, especially in rescue shelters. For that reason, many kittens and cats need to be euthanized before going to new homes. Shelters do provide care for cats. They get space to stay, their cages are cleaned every day, and there is a plenty of water and food. So, the question is, why still cats frequently get sick? The facility staff undoubtedly has good intentions. However, unpredictability is inherent in a shelter environ-

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ment; coupled with novelty, it takes an emotional toll on many cats. Being away from a familiar home and placed into a cramped cage, surrounded by other animals, new people, and strange noises and smells, scare even the most thickskinned of cats. There are many pathogens in areas with many cats and along with the stress, some cats cannot avoid getting sick. The Colorado State University and the University of Queensland carried out to study aimed at assisting shelter staff in predicting the risk rate of incoming cats. In fact, it is known that there is a high degree of individuality among cats regarding their coping with the pathogens in a new environment. To manage the disease in shelters, the most important is early intervention. Hence, there are critical implications of the study that revealed that there is a direct correlation between the behavior of cats coming into the shelters and


STRESSED CATS MORE PRONE TO DISEASE

their chances to contract the disease. One study was carried out on 40 cats at the BCSPCA shelter in Vancouver. The cats were video recorded and subsequently classified by researchers into relaxed, frustrated, anxious, and fearful. The anxious and fearful cats tend to retreat from humans and hide and freeze, especially during the cleaning time. You can recognize frustrated cats as they exhibit indirect aggression and pushing, pacing, vigilant scanning, and meowing. Also, sometimes they behave destructively. Unlike those cats, the relax ones are friendly toward caregivers, they sit at the front of the cage, sleep and eat normally, and they are well groomed as well. When compared to frustrated, anxious, and fearful cats, the relaxed cats have a stronger immune function, which means that their immunoglobulin A (S-IgA) levels are higher. It is the same as in humans, as when we are in a good mood, our

S-IgA levels increase. Similarly, relaxed and calm behavior protects the health of cats. These findings show to cat owners how important is to follow the signs cats exhibit and make sure that they are not frustrated, anxious, and fearful, as it can severely compromise their health. Although this study analyzed animals residing in shelters, we assume that it is possible to generalize the findings to cohabiting cats under stress, as well as those in multi-cat households, veterinary clinics, and boarding facilities. Cats face numerous emotional challenges, for example, an introduction of a new cat, when a new baby arrives when the house is renovated and during the moving to a new home So, if you know that there will be some changes, consult a veterinarian or breeder in advance to get advice on how to help your cat cope. Not only will you have a more content cat, but also you will save on vet bills in the future. Sept/Oct 2017 • BEST IN SHOW CATS

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HEALTH | HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT FOR CONJUCTIVITIS

Homeopathic Treatment for Conjuctivitis The conjunctival sacs are prone to debris and lined with a permeable membrane exposed to the environment. Hence, it is common to catch inflammation, which can be a symptom of a disease or a result of trauma. If it is the case of illness, it can be either chronic or acute, such as, for instance, a cold in humans. Many young cats suffer from conjunctivitis as a consequence of an upper respiratory infection. There are three primary infectious agents causing upper respiratory infections in cats, namely, Chlamydia psittaci, a feline calicivirus, and the most common feline rhinotracheitis virus. Rhinotracheitis is a kind of herpes virus; however, not the one that humans can get. As a rule, herpes viruses are recurrent when the animal is stressed. It means that their immune systems must learn how to defend against the infection to avoid occasional outbreaks. When the cats are young, these outbreaks are mainly limited to the eyes and nose infections, such as eye ulcers, and mouth ulcers. Nevertheless, as the cat is aging, the center of the infection removes to the eyes as recurrent conjunctivitis. In the initial stages, it is challenging to distinguish calicivirus infection from rhinotracheitis infection. However, the recurrence of the former is rare, and the repeated outbreaks of conjunctivitis are unlikely. Finally, chlamydial infections are not common, but might result in conjunctival infections primarily limited to the eyes, whereas ulcers with chlamydia are rare. Kittens tend to develop not chronic but acute, contagious conjunctivitis. Accordingly, it is possible to carry out a home treatment with considering the precautions. However, conjunctivitis in adult cats is either chronic disease or a trauma such as a scratch. Acute infections are not common in cats. Nevertheless, it is not impossible to have the acute upper respiratory agents if having a compromised immune system. For acute illnesses, it is critical to conduct a timely treatment. However, it is recommended to look for expert help. General Care for Conjunctivitis If your cat develops conjunctivitis, the first step is to evaluate how severe is the problem by answering to the following list of questions: • • • • • • • •

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Is this an isolated incident, or it has happened before? Did you notice a discharge? It is wet or dry, watery, thick or thin? Is it bloody, green, white, yellow? Is it painful? Are cat’s eyes closed? What are additional symptoms? Can she eat? Cats with mouth ulcers cannot eat. Is the cat weak? BEST IS SHOW CATS • Sept/Oct 2017

Look for help if: The cat is weak; the discharge is thick and brown, green, or yellow, as it is the sign of infection; if there is blood; the cat cannot eat; is she has to keep eyes closed because of the pain; or if you think that it began because of an injury such as a scratch. In general, an examination is always recommended. Only if it is minor conjunctivitis with open eyes, minimal discharge, and not too red conjunctiva, it is not necessary to look for a specialist. However, it should be noted that ulcers once when they are formed rapidly worsen and can even cause the rupture of the eyeball and loss of the eye, even in cases of minor scratches. If you notice other symptoms, even the condition becomes worse or if the conditions persist after you have done home treatment, you must take the cat for an examination. Also, evaluate patterns or circumstances by answering the following questions: • • • • •

Are there allergy sciences (sneezing)? Is the skin around the eyes irritated by the discharge? Was the onset sudden? Is it the result of a fight? What is the condition of other cats in your household?

Acute Conjunctivitis It is strongly recommended to have a veterinary examination to check for ulcers or scratches on the cornea. Veterinarians have special stains for detecting minor injuries on the cornea, otherwise invisible. It is crucial that you know that they are here so that you can notice if an ulcer appears. In the case of the injury or the development of an ulcer, it is likely that the veterinarian might propose to suture the third eyelid surgically for a few weeks. This is a natural bandage that serves to protect the cornea until it is healed. This technique is fundamental as it can save the eye. The standard prescription includes a solution or an eye ointment with antibiotics with or without steroids (ìcortisoneî). However, it must be noted that as steroids interfere with the immune system, the probability of eyeball rupture or ulceration is greater. Hence, they should not be given if an animal has an ulcer or a corneal injury. The use of antibiotics is mainly useless because most conjunctivitis cases are allergic, traumatic, or viral. The antibiotics help only in rare cases of a secondary bacterial infection.


HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT FOR CONJUCTIVITIS A herbal eyewash is commonly as effective as drugs. Even a basic eyewash, which consists of adding one-fourth teaspoon of salt to a cup of boiled water is beneficial. It is better to use distilled or filtered water cooled before using. The rate of ten drops per cup is recommended when adding herb tinctures. To make a tea, the one-half teaspoonful dry herb should be added the cup of boiled salt and water, however, filtered before the use. Herbs such as Hypericum (St. Johnís wort), Calendula, Eyebright, and Goldenseal have anti-infective and healing properties. One or two should be used at once. The best soothing combination is Calendula and marshmallow tea. It should be applied with a cotton ball to avoid poking the eye if the cat moves her head. The eyes can be flooded easily to apply the herbal medicines and wash out the debris. This eyewash should not be kept in the refrigerator and make every or every other day to keep it fresh. Also, vitamins are essential. Vitamin E (5-10 mg/pound, mixed tocopherols, once a day) and vitamin C (5-10 mg/pound, preferably natural, two to three times a day) stimulate healing and reduce inflammation. Moreover, vitamin A is an excellent stimulant for corneal healing. Place one drop of cod liver oil in the eye and give the one-eighth teaspoon per ten pounds orally every day. Similisan homeopathic eye drops are useful for mild cases of conjunctivitis, such as minor traumatic and allergic cases. It is, however, only recommended for a short use. It is excellent for irritated, dry eyes and the debris. However, the use should be limited to a maximum of a few weeks. Id the condition persists, a help of a veterinarian must be sought. Please, note, that although some topical homeopathic medicines interfere with oral homeopathic drugs, this product does not. Those remedies are useful, but they do not help when conditions are serious. Then, it is necessary to look for help. The remedies help with ulceration, but the homeopathy should be combined with appropriate treatments recommended by a veterinarian. It is important to be cautious because the acute infections in cats are highly contagious. Frequently, even before you notice the symptoms, the exposure within a household has taken part. Accordingly, it is recommended to isolate the infected cat if you have more pets. Humans should be careful as well. Hence, wash your hands and change your clothes often. Also, be careful about going to another household with cats if your cats have upper respiratory conditions and infectious eyes.

Homeopathic Medicines for Conjunctivitis

Aconitum napellus The Aconiteís effect is common for many inflammations and acute infections, typically as a result of a sudden chill (i.e., cold wind) and intense fear. Being exposed to bright sunlight with snow on the ground during a cold day can lead to eye problems. Also, Aconite can occur in a case when a foreign body is removed from the eye, which causes sudden inflammation. The remedy can help soothe ingrown eyelashes if given in early stage of inflammation with the intense condition. The eyes will be bloodshot, swollen, and red, along with a profuse watery discharge. It should be noted that cats are typically sensitive to light. This remedy is beneficial for intense inflammation or fevers, fear, chill, and sudden onset in the early stage of illness.

Allium cepa The onion is also useful for minor eye inflammation. When Allium cepa is required, the eyes of the animal water profusely as if had cut an onion. However, albeit the eyes are sore and burned, the tears are bland. In addition, discharge from the nose, mostly from the left nostril is common. The symptoms worsen if the animal is kept in a warm room. Hence, it is recommended to keep it in the open air. It is possible that cold becomes laryngitis.

Apis Swelling is a symptom of the Apis state. Thus, the conjunctiva and the eyelids are likely to be swollen and inflamed. Moreover, it is possible for the conjunctiva to protrude because Sept/Oct 2017 • BEST IN SHOW CATS

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HEALTH | HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT FOR CONJUCTIVITIS of the swelling and the animal cannot fully close the lids in that case. This state is known as chemosis. A thick, sticky discharge keeps the lids together. Ulceration can happen. The cornea can have dark spots or be dark. The remedy is helpful with KCS. Apis animals are thirstless and warm, and they look for cold areas.

Argentum nitricum The silver nitrateĂłthe chemical is put in the eyes of newborns to prevent the development of syphilis in the eyes. Newborns are very prone to conjunctivitis. Hence, Argentum nitricum should also be applied to kittens with conjunctivitis. Here, the discharge is greenish or yellow, purulent, and copious. Similar to the Apis state, the eyes of the can be inflamed with protruding and swollen conjunctiva. Frequently, the eyes are bloodshot with ulceration. The lid margins can be crusty and inflamed, and the worse is the left side. The inflammation of Argentum nitricum and Apis is similar. Nevertheless, in the former case, there are more discharges and moister. Also, the animals could have belching and gassy diarrhea. Cats are warm-blooded and afraid of heights, narrow spaces, crowds, and new situations.

Arsenicum album If a patient is thirsty, restless, and chilly, the irritating tears must denote Arsenicum. This is intensive conjunctivitis, with a watery or yellow discharge and increased sensitivity to light. The eyelids are very swollen and sometimes even totally closed. The inflammation is intensive and hot, but warm compresses can soothe painful eyes. Both Arsenicum and Apis can be indicated for KCS due to a paucity of tears. The right side is typically worse, and ulceration can happen.

Belladonna Both Belladonna and Aconite states appear out if sudden with intensive inflammation. However the cause behind the Belladonna is irritability and violence, and fear behind the Aconite. Eyes look glass in Belladonna because of dilated pupils. The conjunctivas are dry, inflamed, and red. In some severe cases, the eyelids roll outward. Hence, KCS should be considered.

Calcarea sulphurica Like Argentum nitricas, this remedy also helps conjunctivitis in newborn babies, so it should be helpful for kittens. The cornea is smoky gray, the eyes discharge is yellow, thick pus, and the eyelids itchy. Cats do not like neither cold and drafts nor warm rooms. Hence, the open air is the best solution.

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Euphrasia This remedy comes from the herb Eyebright. Unlike in Allium cepa, here the nasal discharge is bland, but the tears are very acrid. Discharges can be irritating, teach, pus, and tears, and leave a stain. Cats are restless and chilly during the night like in Arsenicum. The spasm of the eyelids may happen. Primary indications are chronic inflammation and the profuse irritating tears.

Mercurius (vivus or solubilis) The discharge is thin and acrid when Mercurius is required. Pus is possible in the space behind the cornea, called the anterior chamber. You can find a white clot. The lids are usually inflamed, red, and closed because of the spasm, while the nose suggests from irritating, greenish discharge. Cats are irritable and do not follow instructions. Hence, they can bite or scratch if, for instance, removed from the bed.

Pulsatilla When there is a need of Pulsatilla, discharge is yellow, bland, and thick. This remedy and sulfur are frequently necessary for the last phase of an upper respiratory infection to completely clear up the inflammation. The eyes are mildly inflamed and itchy. These cats may require attention, they are thirstless and of sweet disposition.

Rhus toxicodendron Like in Pulsatilla, the inflammation is intensive, and the pus profuse and yellow. This remedy comes from poison ivy, so the eyes are swollen and red. There is no itchiness, but considerable pain. The lids can be stuck together with the gluey matter and the cornea severely ulcerated, whereas the eyeballs are inflamed. As all Rhus Tox pain becomes worse with the movement, the pain in the eye is the most intensive after the movement. Joint pains decrease with the continual motion.

Sabadilla Typically, eyes are watery and red, and eyelid margins red. It is not recommended to let the animal into the open air, although it may like it. There is frequently profuse tearing. Conjunctivitis is accompanied by violent sneezing. It resembles Allium cepa, but with redder eyes. These cats resemble those in need of Arsenicum because they are thirsty, restless during the night and chilly. When Rhus Tox is required, local inflammation is increasingly itchy and swollen, whereas nausea is worse with Arsenicum.


HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT FOR CONJUCTIVITIS

Sulfur

Syphilinum

Pulsatilla and sulfur are needed in the last phases of an upper respiratory infection when the immune system cannot fight against it alone. In the Sulfur state, the eyelids are very inflamed, and discharges and tears are acrid. There might be an ulceration of the cornea. Cats usually rub their eyes a lot because they are burning and itchy. The eyes can be dry in the house, but with tears in the open air. These cats have low appetite, in particular in the morning, but it improves an hour before the lunchtime. They are also thirsty and hot.

This remedy can be obtained only with a prescription because it is deep-acting. You should strictly follow instructions of the skilled homeopath. This remedy has been successful in cases of chronic conjunctivitis when other remedies did not help.

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HEALTH | HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT FOR INSECT BITES AND STINGS

Homeopathic Treatment for Insect Bites and Stings Cats can be bitten by spiders and get stung by wasps and bees sometimes. They can deal with it alone most times, but help is needed in some cases. For example, the swell of the face can happen after a sting. Take additional care about your cat for a few hours in that case. General Care for Insect Bites and Stings

Lachesis To use Lachesis, the area around the sting should be painful, and turns into a dark purple-red. This remedy is used for older stings that are not improving. There is a danger of infection or a dark red bleeding. The best remedies for bee stings, in my opinion, are Ledum and Lachesis. You can safely use them for spider bites as well.

After a wasp or bee sting, you need to get a help of a veterinary immediately if your cat swells intensively. Death can be caused by the lungs filled with fluid. It does not happen frequently, but better be careful. On the way to the veterinary, one unit of the following remedies can be used. Benadryl (1-2 mg/pound) or another antihistamine are helpful, but still, it is vital to get veterinary care. Also, it is recommended to apply tobacco topically to reduce swelling and the sting. The tobacco should be crushed in water and applied to the sting. Also, if dandelion tea, which is a diuretic, is given orally, it can reduce swelling. Arnica tincture is good for fast relief.

Ledum palustre This remedy is highly effective for puncture wounds, including stings and bites. It is recommended to apply cold applications to wounds. My advice is to apply Ledum first to strings and bites, unless indications for other remedies are clear. Ledum is even efficient regarding scorpion stings.

Homeopathic Medicines for Insect Bites and Stings

Tarentula cubensis This medicine comes from the Cuban spider venom. Hence, it is effective in treating infected and red insect stings and spider bites, that are too painful to touch. The state resembles the Lachesis condition; however, it is more painful with indicated Tarentula cubensis. This remedy should not be confused with Tarentula Hispanica.

Apis mellifica This remedy is good for treating symptoms caused by a bee sting because it is made from honeybee venom. However, it is not always working. Nevertheless, in a case of a proper bee sting, which causes a bright-red smooth swelling, white at the edges, it is recommended. Apis is the best for inordinate swelling around the wound and facial swelling. Arnica montana According to Margaret Tyler, MD, a drop of the strong tincture is good when applied to a wasp sting. In my experience, it is true for bee stings, but I am not sure about wasp stings. Cantharis Cantharis should be considered when the bite or sting is intensely inflamed and appears like a burn. Blisters are possible to form. Carbolic acid These cats have serious reactions to bee stings such as respiratory difficulty, facial swelling, collapse, and weakness. An intensive itching eruption over the entire body is possible. Histaminum This remedy interrupts the histamine reaction and reduced inflammation caused by stings and bites.

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Rhus toxicodendron Rhus often has itchy conjunctivitis and the eyelid swelling. Rhus is helpful when the eyes are red, swollen, and produce a discharge.

Vespa crabro The European hornet might be indicated like above mentioned Apis. The symptoms are soreness, stinging, boils, burning, intense itching, and redness. Pains are burning and stinging. If the animal is in distress, this remedy is needed. Bathing with vinegar soothes the discomfort.


HEALTH | VITAMIN B12

Vitamin B12 by Dr. Tatiana Golneva Vitamin B12 occupies a special place within its group. Very often it is prescribed by all kinds of doctors for a variety of anomalies. In this article I will explain What is vitamin is B12? What are its benefits? Can it be useful for cats? Vitamin B12 is a cyancobalamin. Actually, there is a whole group of biologically active, cobalt-containing agents. But the largest portion of Vitamin B12 that enters our bodies is in the form of cyancobalamin. Vitamin B12 comes from animal and fish (especially cod) livers, eggs, cottage cheese, and milk. There is no vitamin B12 present in plant foods. B12 is the only water-soluble vitamin, which can be accumulated in liver, kidneys, lungs, and spleen of our bodies. The human liver is the main depository for Vitamin B12, and where it is dispatched from when necessary. What are Vitamin B12’s benefits? First, B12 is required for normal blood formation process. It participates in the maturing process of red blood cells (erythrocytes) and the formation of hemoglobin. B12 is also necessary for the effective functioning of the nervous system and liver. It stimulates the antibody formation process. Symptoms of B12 deficiency (hypovitaminosis) in pets Symptoms of B12 deficiency are apparent in different forms, such as anemia, and slow body growth and poor development. Females may demonstrate fertility slowdowns or give birth to weaker offspring. Pale and anemic mucous membranes may be seen, as well as inelastic or pilling skin, which can develop into new dermatitis, or make existing dermatitis worse. Digestive system ailments may be revealed by reduced appetite and elevated thirst, constipation, colic, and increased gas generation in the liver and spleen. One of specific symptoms in cats is their appetite perversion, which can even result in them eating their own feces. Severe forms of hypovitaminosis can lead to serious neurological problems, such as a stumbling walk, spasms and cramps, difficulty in movement coordination, and even paralysis.

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When Vitamin B12 is prescribed? Veterinarians prescribe Vitamin B12 for the treatment of anemia, which is caused by various factors, including chronic kidney failure and many liver irregularities, as well as digestive organ failure. B12 plays a big role in neurological pathologies treatments, such as neuralgia, paresis, and neuritis. It is also used in comprehensive dermatitis therapy. It is often prescribed either prior to surgeries, because of its ability to accelerate blood coagulation, or as part of post-surgery rehabilitation, for the stimulation of hemoglobin and tissue re-generation. Vitamin B12 is also used in the treatment of heavy metals poisoning. Additionally, vitamin B12 contributes to animals’ body growth and development. Anemia is number one reason to start taking vitamin B12. Anemia is a condition caused by erythrocytes and the depression of the hemoglobin level. As a result, the passage of oxygen to organs and tissues worsens. Vitamin B12 should be prescribed for anemia treatment only by a professional veterinarian after a proper examination and diagnosis of a pet’s condition. In fact, a folic acid (vitamin B9) deficiency and other pathologies can have very similar symptoms. That is why proper diagnosis is so important in establishing the true causes of a particular pathology. Iron and folic acid are often prescribed together with vitamin B12. Usage Vitamin B12 exists in injection and tablet forms. Injection drugs are quicker to penetrate and dissolve. However, a pure solution of cyanocobalamin is one of the most painful type of intra-muscular injections. Some pets will even limp for a while after an injection. Intravenous administration is the best option, in the event that a catheter has already been installed. It is pain-free, and the most effective way of administration. Currently, drug complexes containing several B group vitamins are the most popular form. Ampules contain B1, B6, B12 vitamins, and, in some cases, Lidocaine, which makes the injections pain-free. These drugs are administered once a day, deep into the muscles. In Russia, the drug “Milgamma” is commonly used. The complex drug “Neurobion” is being produced by pharmaceutical companies in Europe and the U.S. Almost every country has its own local analog of these drugs. A normal dosage for a cat weighing up to 5 kg. is 250 mg.


VITAMIN B12 In the case of a standard cyanocobalamin ampule (500 mg. in 1 ml.), half of one would be the correct dosage. If vitamin is part of a complex drug, it is necessary to calculate the appropriate dosage individually, because drug content may differ from one case to another. The dosage, administration, and series duration should be prescribed by a professional veterinarian. It can vary significantly for different pathologies. Short series are applied for prevention purposes and the treatment of mild forms of anemia. In cases of deeper neurological problems, longer series are required. Usually it requires a minimum of two weeks to a month. Use during pregnancy B12 can penetrate into the fetus through a placental barrier, and into breast milk as well. In cases of high concentration, it can cause harm to a fetus. This is why B12 is prescribed with care during pregnancies. Dosages are carefully calculated and measured. Group B vitamins are often part of special additives for both pregnant women and pets, and the dosage is usually lower and safe for use. Risk factors Drug hypersensitivity, thromboembolism, malignant and

non-malignant tumors, accompanied by mega-area anemia are all risk factors. Specific features A few group B vitamins are known to be incompatible with one another. It is forbidden to mix them in a single syringe. Complex drug stability is often maintained by certain additional ingredients. Ascorbic acid is not compatible with them. It is forbidden to administer B12 together with drugs which increase blood coagulability, because it causes a similar effect itself. Potassium may interfere with cyanocobalamin’s absorption. Corticosteroid hormones, as well as neuroleptics, accelerate the washing away of cyancobalamin. Vitamin C, in large quantities, can negatively affect the ability to adsorb Vitamin B12 contained in food. Additives and vitamin complexes: Vitamin B12, together with other B group vitamins, is included in a lot of vitamin complexes, nutritional additives, and growth stimulators. Its use is highly recommended for preventative purposes to young, growing, and elder pets, as well as sick and recovering pets.

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LIFESTYLE | FIVE FELINE PURRSONALITY TYPES

Five Feline Purrsonality Types Cats are among the most unique and individualistic animals. They have such different personalities that even kittens from the same litter exhibit different behavior and likes and dislikes. Nevertheless, Dr. Lauren Finka, a researcher and lecturer at the University of Lincoln has published a new study this year, claiming that there are only five broad personality types. So, your cat is likely to belong to one of those types and display appropriate behavior. In this article, we will present this study in detail and explain all five feline personality types. You will find out which one is the type of your cat. The Study To reveal the personality types of cats, Dr. Finka interviewed 200 hundred cat owners in the United Kingdom. Those owners had lived with their cats for a long time, so that knew their likes and dislikes and basic personality types. The purpose of the research was to discover if it is possible to identify traits, and subsequently, group different personality types into categories. According to the study, there are main five personality types and traits that all adult cats living in a safe domestic environment exhibit. The personality types depend on hereditary traits such as breed-specific factors, and experiences and lifestyle. So, it can be argued that personality types represent a combination of nature and nurture. types? feline personality e fiv e th e ar at So, wh

The inquisitive cat

These cats are the most outgoing, alert, and playful. If your cat is happy to say hi to a new visitor, try to discover what is found at the bottom of your new cardboard box, or to look into a rarely-opened cupboard, the chances are that you have an inquisitive cat. They are very active and enjoy the most being outside. If there is nothing interesting going on, don’t worry, your cat will find something amusing to do. However, it can be tricky, because they can endanger themselves because of their adventurous nature and a tendency to explore. Also, they adapt to changes much better than cats with other personality types. For example, a newborn will join your household, or you are moving to a new home, they will not need much time to get used to a new situation. In a new house, they tend to go out of a carrier and begin exploring around. They are highly unlikely to hide for a long time before they start feeling secure.

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FIVE FELINE PURRSONALITY TYPES

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The cat’s cat

Usually, cats are pretty solitary animals. They are very satisfied without a feline company. Sometimes, they can even become disturbed if you bring another cat into a household. However, there is an exception, and it is exactly the second personality type - the cat’s cat. This type enjoys being surrounded by other cats. Unlike some other personality types, they will not behave aggressively or warily towards a newcomer. They enjoy the most when spending a lot of time with other felines. You can even see that cat’s cat cuddling up to sleep with faline companies and grooming them. However, this type is not as common as the others. Among wild cat populations, it is almost nonexisting. However, it is present in domestic cats.

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The human cat

Have you ever wondered if your cat understands that she is a cat or she might think that she is a person because of her interactions with humans and behavior? If your answer is yes, your cat is probably a human cat! These cats don’t like so much being alone or surrounded by other cats, but they enjoy human company. Moreover, they are also confident with new people and may even ask for attention from a passerby. Of course, they can be speculative and shy with people they don’t know well. However, they enjoy the company of the human members of their household. If it is always looking for your lap or following you around the house, you know that you have a human cat. Also, they like being petted and picked up. Finally, they even don’t mind being interrupted when doing something.

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The avid hunter

All cats have a reasonably high prey drive and hunt from time to time or when they must get food for themselves. But this one takes the entire hunting endeavor to the new level! If given a chance, the hunter cat would spend the entire day outside hunting. Moreover, as they spend a lot of time outside running around, they cover quite large territories. Commonly, no matter what you do to stop them, they will bring you pray home every day!

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The cantankerous cat Lastly, the cantankerous cat is the one easy to annoy or irritate. Be careful to respect her personal space and teach your children to do so. Otherwise, she can easily deliver a hefty swipe or growl at you. The cantankerous cat does bond with their humans and can be very loving and affectionate. However, they need time to be left alone and they will let you know about it. Also, they never tolerate nonsense. Moreover, they don’t like upheaval and changes. They are the happiest when they live the life of their own. They interact with humans only when they prefer it.

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LIFESTYLE | WHY DO CATS LOVE KNOCKING THINGS OVER

Why Do Cats Love Knocking Things Over? As all cat owners know, cats are both infuriating and entertaining, sometimes at the same time. It probably happened to you that your cat makes sure that you are watching before doing something naughty. One typical cats’ behavior is that can be both funny and annoying, depending on your mood and its manifestation, is knocking things over with the paw or pushing things from worktops and shelves. Most cats behave in this way, some of them from time to time, and some

regularly. You might have started removing things from the shelves or out of her reach. If it is often happening, you have probably asked yourself what is the reason for doing it and if there anything to do to prevent it. Hence, in this article, we will share with you the cat’s perspective and explain why cats adore knocking things over as well as how to prevent such incidents and protect things on your shelves. Read to find out more.

Cat behavior

Cats have an inquisitive nature, and as such like to explore the world with all their senses - taste, smell, touch, hearing, and sight. Batting moving things and patting at things with the paws is standard behavior. However, it can be confusing for people, or you might think that your cat is doing it on purpose to be annoying. Certainly, cats deliberately paw at small objects to make them fall and bad things over for the sake of it. However, there are also some reasons for such behavior. We will explain in this article why cats enjoy doing this and what such behavior means to them.

Investigation

Cats want to know everything about their households and territories. For that reason, they notice something out of place or new immediately. Also, they are very speculative when approaching new things before they get to know them and they start smelling like the rest of the household. Their curiosity is burning and needs to be manifested sooner or later. When they see something new, they first sniff it, and if they deem it safe, the next step is to rub their heads on it. In this way, they pass on their scent. Sometimes, they also use noses and paws to check what is going on with moving objects.

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LIFESTYLE | WHY DO CATS LOVE KNOCKING THINGS OVER

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WHY DO CATS LOVE KNOCKING THINGS OVER

Entertainment

For cats, almost everything is entertaining, including running around, playing games of mock-hunting, and watching the passersby from a comfortable window seat. If your cat is looking for something or notices something interesting, she will target moving and small objects to get stimulation and feedback from behavior such as rolling away and tipping over. Imagine that your cat is nudging over a glass of water. It means that the way water moves in the glass are intriguing. There are so many things to grab your cat’s attention.

Territory and spaces

Sometimes your cat dislikes something and wants to tell you that it shouldn’t be there. For example, if it is constantly interfering or pushing the same thing over the same place or a surface, the most probably that item shouldn’t be there in her opinion. To illustrate, if you place an ornament at the place where your cat usually sits, the chances for your ornament to survive are extremely low. Your cat will knock it over and push it to move it either accidentally or deliberately. If you observe this behavior repeatedly, better find a new place for your things. This is a clear example that cats have strong opinions and know how to express them.

Playing and hunting

All cats exhibit hunting behavior and have prey drive toward simple toys or real prey. In particular, if an object responds in some way, your cat finds it rewarding. The response can take the form of rolling off a counter, falling over, and moving. This is exactly what cats understand as fun because of their natural instinct to chase and hunt. That’s why it is a great idea to provide your cat with interactive toys and balls. This will prevent them messing with your ornaments!

Your responses

Think about what your cat does to grab your attention. If she has learned that the best way to get it is to knock things over and then you put the objects back and speak to her, well, that behavior is likely to repeat. If you pick up something knocked onto the floor or put a knocked-over object back to its place, she will understand it as a game. For her, it is like that you are preparing a stage for another game and she will respond to it. So, if you want to prevent cat reaching a particular place or knocking over some objects, please stop providing a response and stimulus to the cat. She will get bored without getting a response and try something else. However, be careful what she is going to use next to grab your attention. Sept/Oct 2017 • BEST IN SHOW CATS

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