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Association of Licensed Architects

$6.00 Volume 17, No. 2 Summer 2013

LicensedArc hitect A Pu blica tion of

the A ssoc iatio n of

Licen sed Arch itect s

What’s Inside ALA 2013 Buyer’s Guide How Wide is Your Triangle? ALA Conference and Product Show Insurance: Defending Home and Condo Legal: Determining Cost of Construction in the Absence of Construction


Exteriors That Last!

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 17 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2013

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LicensedArchitect

Vol. 17, No. 2, Summer 2013

Photo: Gayle Babcock, Architectural Imageworks, LLC

Cover

Missouri State University West Plains Student Recreation Center West Plains, Missouri

Firm: Dake Wells Architecture Partially funded by a FEMA grant, this new student recreation center doubles as a tornado safe room capable of withstanding an EF-5 tornado. The building is nestled into its sloping site and anchored to the campus with a twisting band of Cor-ten steel. The concrete enclosure is developed as a rough textured outer layer revealing a smooth inner layer that recalls the area’s logging history peeling tree bark from site specific trees.

ARTICLES 7

Determining Cost of Construction in the Absence of Construction Review a case study and learn important payment provisions to include in your contracts in the event that a project never gets completed. By Shawn E. Goodman, Sabo & Zahn, LLC

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Institutional Use Group Changes in the International Building Code The IBC and IFC have addressed some significant changes you should be aware of for future health care design projects. By Kelly P. Reynolds, ALA Code Consultant

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Defending Home and Condo Learn how with proper planning along with thorough communication and documentation, residential projects can become more manageable from a risk management perspective. By Robert Stanton, Willis A&E

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ALA Annual Buyer’s Guide This convenient pull-out section is a valuable resource of architectural manufacturers and service providers for your practice.

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How Wide is Your Triangle? Examine the three basic design firm business models and review the best staffing triangle for each type. By Rena M. Klein, FAIA, RM Klein Consulting

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Reed Economic Update Reed Construction Data provides a forecast for the construction industry. By Bernard Markstein, Ph.D., U.S. Chief Economist, Reed Construction Data

38 What is an Exterior Area for Assisted Rescue? This article addresses evacuation plans addressing the needs of persons who may not be able to use the standard means of egress. By Kimberly Paarlberg, RA, Staff Architect, ICC

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Are You Protecting Your Most Valuable Asset? Learn the importance of and what to look for when purchasing disability insurance. By George M. Silfugarian, CFP, Security Financial Group LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 17 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2013

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PUBLISHER’S INFO PUBLISHER

OUR REGULAR FEATURES 38 ADA Advice

ALA, Inc.

BOARD OF DIRECTORS Jeffrey N. Budgell, FALA - President James K. Zahn, Esq., FALA, Vice President Mark Van Spann, FALA - Secretary Patrick C. Harris, FALA - Treasurer Joanne Sullivan, Executive Director Steven H. Pate, FALA Past President

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ALA 2013 Buyer’s Guide

6 ALA New Members 35 ALA 2013 Design Awards

DIRECTORS: James J. Belli, FALA Judith Brill, ALA David Dial, ALA Doug Gallus, FALA Rick Gilmore, FALA Tom Harkins (Affiliate) Kurt Hezner, FALA Darrel LeBarron, ALA Pat Manley, ALA Jeff Whyte, ALA

EDITORS Lisa Brooks Jeffrey N. Budgell, FALA Robert Davidson, FALA Patrick C. Harris, FALA Steven H. Pate, FALA

ADVERTISING SALES

44 Architecture Conference 46 Chapter News 10 Code Corner 28 Contributed Article 41 Contributed Article 36 Economic Update

Joanne Sullivan

GRAPHIC DESIGN/MAGAZINE

13 Featured Architects

Midwest Type and Imaging

12 Insurance Info ALA, Inc. serves the architectural profession. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted, in any form without the express written consent of the publisher. Published in the U.S.A.,© 2013 by ALA, Inc. All rights reserved. Opinions expressed in articles are not necessarily those of ALA, Inc. Any reference to a product or service is not to be construed as an endorsement of same. Advertising published in Licensed Architect does not constitute nor imply an endorsement or recommendation of the advertiser’s products by ALA, Inc., or any of its members. ALA reserves the right to review all advertising for acceptability. For advertising, or membership information, call or write Joanne Sullivan at: ALA, One East Northwest Highway, Suite 200, Palatine, IL 60067 Phone: (847) 382-0630; Fax: (847) 382-8380; E-mail: ALA@alatoday.org

7 Legal Issues 32 Membership - Advertisers Thank you to our Advertisers. They make this magazine possible. Baird’s Drapery Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 CertainTeed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Chicago Plastering Institute. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Chicagoland Roofing Council . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Heley Duncan & Melander, PLLP . . . . . . . . . . 34 Crivello, Carlson, S.C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Kelly P. Reynolds & Associates, Inc. . . . . . . . . 22 Marvin Windows and Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

If you have an address correction, wish to submit news items, press releases, or an article, contact:

Web Site: www.alatoday.org

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Moshe Calamaro and Associates. . . . . . . . . . 47 Northfield, an Oldcastle Company. . Back Cover Pilkington . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Practice Clarity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 SABO & ZAHN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Tee Jay Service Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 The Hill Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 17 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2013

Joanne Sullivan One East Northwest Highway, Suite 200, Palatine, IL 60067 Phone: (847) 382-0630 • Fax: (847) 382-8380 E-mail: ALA@alatoday.org


LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 17 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2013

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ALATHEPRESIDENT’SLETTER

President’s Letter - May 2013 There are so many things going on at the ALA and in this issue of Licensed Architect, I am going to get right to what’s included: - Institutional and Religious Projects of four firms from four different states. - An article on "Business Models for Design Firms" by Rena Klein as well as our regular articles on Insurance, Legal, ADA and Code, and Reed Economic Outlook. - Our second annual Buyer’s Guide. Please take the time to review the Buyer’s Guide and whenever possible patronize the businesses of our Affiliate Members. They support us so we need to support them. Thank you to all of our Affiliate Members! - This issue contains something new, a Product Spotlight page showcasing new products and services of our Affiliate Members. - This year’s Golf Outing is August 16th at Golf Club of Illinois. Sign up now for your foursome! - Annual Conference & Product Show is October 22nd at Drury Lane in Oakbrook Terrace, IL. This year’s Keynote Speaker is Kai-Uwe Bergmann of BIG, Bjarke Ingels Group, a Copenhagen-based architecture firm.

- The Design Awards Program & Banquet will be here before you know it. Get your projects ready to submit now! - The new ALA online store will be going live soon at ALAToday.org! Check it out and pick up some ALA Logo Wear. You can add your logo as well! While you are on the ALA website take a minute and update your profile. This gives potential clients a better idea of your experience and services. - ALA is looking for someone to be our IDP Coordinator. This person, ideally someone who is recently licensed, will stay Liaise with NCARB and provide information to students and interns who are working towards licensure. If you are qualified and interested contact Joanne at the ALA office. - Don’t forget you can post Job openings at your firm on the ALA Website. Looking for a job, check out the jobs posted at ALAToday.org in the Careers tab. - A new series of "Architect / Consultant" contracts will be added soon to the existing ALA Short Form Contracts which are free to all Professional Members as a benefit of membership! Enjoy the summer; it will most certainly go by fast!

Jeffrey Budgell Jeffrey N. Budgell, FALA, LEED AP President

ANNOUNCING…. NEW BENEFIT FOR ALA MEMBERS!! The Association of Licensed Architects (ALA) is pleased to announce a new and valuable benefit of membership. ALA has endorsed Principal Financial Group to offer disability insurance to all members at a substantial discount*. Recognizing that income protection is essential for a solid financial foundation, ALA is pleased to make available this valuable program that provides a 20% discount on quality individual disability income insurance coverage. Up to a 30% discount is available when three or more individuals with a common employer purchase any Principal Life Individual Disability Insurance policy.

To learn more about this important member benefit, please contact the exclusive representative of this program. He has the experience, tools and resources to help you determine how much coverage you need to help protect your most valuable asset and financial future. George M. Silfugarian, CFP Financial Security Group 3025 Highland Parkway, Suite 400 Downers Grove, IL 60515 (630) 874-6751 (866) 637-5729 x 6751 (toll free)

Choose a Webinar to Learn More June 27; 10:00-10:45 July 9; 2:00-2:45 July 24; 3:00-3:45 Email: george@financialsecuritygroup.net

*Please note: ALA does not receive any portion of any premiums paid to Prinicipal Financial.

ALA Welcomes New Members - Summer 2013 Professional Members Mr. Timothy Crowe, ALA Mr. Jeffrey Day, ALA Mr. Jeffrey Marquardt, ALA Mr. Joseph Palatinus, ALA Mr. Bruce Schmitt, ALA Mr. Michael Weber, ALA

Northbrook, IL St. Louis, MO Madison, WI Saint Charles, IL Wayzata, MN Arlington Heights, IL

Senior Members Mr. Richard Krumm, ALA Mr. Randall William Pinchot, ALA Mr. William Turner, ALA

Roberts, WI Deer Park, IL Hayward, WI

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New Graduate Mrs. Floriana Jemini Prizren Affiliate Members Mr. Paul Coultrap, CPCU Mr. James Gogolski Mr. Sam Mills Mr. Richard Piccolo Mr. Bruce Thorne

Serbia and Montenegro TW Group, Inc. Hoover Treated Wood Products, Inc. James Hardie Building Products B&F Techinical Code Services, Inc. Konica Minolta Business Solutions, U.S.A., Inc.


LEGALISSUES

Determining Cost of Construction in the Absence of Construction by Shawn E. Goodman, Sabo & Zahn, Attorneys at Law

ftentimes, architects set their fee, by contract, as an amount based upon how much the construction of the project turns out to be. For example, when it comes to the payment terms, the contract may recite that the architect is entitled to a certain percentage of the overall cost to construct. While this is not uncommon, and while it has a certain logic to it, it can also lead to some thorny issues in the event that the owner fails to pay and the construction either never gets completed or, worse, never even gets underway. Needless to say, these scenarios are not at all unheard of in this economy. Recently, our firm handled just such a fee collection matter on behalf of a design firm and, while ultimately the outcome was successful, the case itself illustrates the myriad problems which can be posed in such a situation. (Continued on page 8)

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LEGALISSUES (continued from page 7)

The contract which the parties utilized was an AIA Document B141 - 1997. The architect completed schematic designs, then administered the bidding process for a construction manager. Construction management bids were obtained. However, bids for the actual construction itself were not. Meanwhile, the architect, as well as its consultants, continued working on the design, preparing progress sets, eventually reaching about 50% complete. However, the project began to slow, before eventually, basically stopping. This was in 2008, as the economy tanked. The contract provided that the architect’s “compensation shall be computed as follows: Lump sum of 5% of construction cost.” The architect submitted monthly invoices which reflected a total fee, based upon an estimate of the anticipated cost of construction, and a “percent complete.”1 Doing the math yielded the amount due then, on each invoice. Importantly, the invoices did not expressly state what the estimated cost of construction was. In fact, the estimate itself, which never changed, was only verbally presented at a meeting with the owner, never actually reduced to writing although, again, each invoice was generated based upon this estimate, and anyone reading them could back the estimated amount out of the “Total Fee” which also never changed. The owner made only one payment, leaving the architect out hundreds of thousands of dollars. Because the contract called for arbitration, an arbitration demand was filed. Due to the lack of any progress on construction, the owner defended the architect’s claim by arguing that, under the contract, no damages could be awarded. After all, in the absence of any real construction costs, how could one determine the architect’s fee which was supposed to be a percentage of those costs? Instead, the owner argued, the architect should be limited to “equitable” damages only, basically the “value” of the services provided. Not surprisingly, the owner placed very little value on those services, maintaining that the payment received was all that, or more than, was owed. Luckily, while the contract did not define “construction cost,” it did define “Cost of the Work”: “The Cost of the Work shall be the total cost or, to the extent the Project is not completed, the estimated cost to the Owner of all elements of the Project designed or specified by the Architect.” The Commentary on AIA Document B141 -1997 also very helpfully provides, in pertinent part and with emphasis added:

changes into consideration. During design, for example, the barometer of cost will be the architect’s estimates. Once a contractor’s bid or proposal is accepted, this supersedes the architect’s most recent estimate. Next, the cost of the work is as defined in the owner-contractor agreement as revised by contract modification during construction. When final completion is achieved, the cost will be the total cost paid by the owner for the work. The owner argued, however, that “construction cost,” under the payment terms of the contract, was something altogether different than “Cost of The Work,” as defined by the contract. It further cited a handful of cases for the proposition that, in the event that a claimant cannot establish damages for breach of a contract, that claimant is relegated to seeking recovery on an “equitable,” or non-contractual basis only. None of the cases cited by the owner involved an AIA contract. One of the cases even flatly refused to buy into the notion that equitable, in lieu of contract, damages should be awarded when a project does not get built: “We believe the trial court should have based plaintiff’s recovery as provided in the existing contract . . . . It is well established that the terms of the contract under which an architect is employed govern with respect to his compensation.”2 That particular appellate court opinion heavily relied upon another which was squarely at odds with the owner’s take on the meaning of “construction cost”:

“From a more general standpoint, and depending on the project, serious consideration should be given to utilizing an alternative fee arrangement, e.g., lump sum.”

As the project develops from ideas into reality, various elements of cost will inevitably change and become more certain. The definition of cost of the work takes theses

Defendant argues next that the court erred in denying the motion for a directed verdict. It contends that under the terms of the written contract that it agreed to pay plaintiff six percent of the construction cost of the project and that since the project cost nothing, it owed plaintiff nothing. Defendant’s contention apparently is that “construction cost” should be read to mean the amount it actually paid out toward the construction of the project, which is nothing at all. That is not a reasonable interpretation of the contract. Defendant stated in the contract that it intended to erect the structure in question and agreed to pay plaintiff six percent of the construction cost. . . . In view of the fact that plaintiff had almost fully performed his part of the contract, it is reasonable to infer that the parties intended “construction cost” to mean the amount that construction of the project would cost as determined by the bid and defendant was not at liberty to escape liability by changing its intention to build. Michalowski v. Richter Spring Corp., 112 Ill. App. 2d 451, 45556, 251 N.E.2d 299, 301 (1st Dist. 1969). (continued on page 43)

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CODECORNER

Institutional Use Group Changes in the International Building Code

by Kelly P. Reynolds ALA Code Consultant

Due to the increase in outpatient surgery and urgent care centers, the 2009 and 2012 editions of the International Building Code and the International Fire Code has addressed some significant changes that you need to be aware of for future health care design projects. ■ Care Definitions and Requirements Revised Comprehensive revisions were made in Chapter 3 to define and clarify medical care, custodial care and personal care. ■ Medical care is primarily I-2, where 6 or more people incapable of self preservation are receiving care. Where they do not exceed five, may be Group R-3 or regulated by International Residential Code. ■ Custodial care is primarily I-1 (17 or more occupants) and personal care is R-4 (6 – 16 occupants). All are capable of self preservation. ■ Section 407 Regulations that were in Chapter 10 regarding patient care suites proliferating in hospitals are now revised and relocated to Section 407. ■ Chapter 2 Definitions mirror the IBC reorganization of putting all the definitions in one place, new care definitions, such as "incapable of self preservation" and more current terminology such as "psychiatric" instead of "mental" for certain hospitals. ■ Ambulatory Health Care Facility Buildings or portions thereof used to provide medical, surgical, psychiatric, nursing or similar care on a less than 24-hour basis to individuals who are rendered incapable of self-preservation. It was recognized that there was confusion caused by outpatient clinics where people were obviously incapable of self-preservation due to sedation. There are now new provisions in Section 422 for these

facilities, including hospital like defend in place components such as: ➯ Smoke barriers ➯ Adequate areas of refuge within barriers ➯ Separate and independent exits from smoke barriers ➯ Automatic sprinkler & fire alarm systems are also required ■ Sections F-506.1 and F-607.5 – Fire Service Elevator Keys. New requirement for a key box specifically for elevator keys to be located within the building at each elevator lobby. Since 2006, ASME/ANSI A17.1 has required the installation of a standard key and switches for fire recall. This section now addresses the requirements for nonstandard keys for elevators installed prior to 2006. Key boxes must be listed to UL 1037-99 Standard for Antitheft Alarms and Devices. ■ Chapter 6 – Building Services and Systems Sections 604.5 – 604.5.2.1 New sections mandating testing of emergency lighting battery unit equipment monthly for activation and annually for the 90-minute duration of power test. ■ F-901.8 Fire pump and riser room size now mandated based on manufacturer’s requirements, also door to be large enough to remove largest piece of equipment. ■ Section F-903.6.2 and Chapter 46 requires all existing I2 Use Groups must have fire sprinklers installed. ■ Section 1024 All new and existing high-rise buildings will require photo luminescent exit pathway markings inside building stairways.

If you want a FREE download of our 2012 Fire & Life Safety Matrix that references fire protection systems requirements by use group, just e-mail Kelly at: codexperts@aol.com and ask for "Matrix". ALA members: Please feel free to contact me if you have any code questions.

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INSURANCEINFO

Defending Home and Condo by Robert Stanton, Willis A&E

One of the major professional liability insurers reported that for every dollar their insured designers received for residential projects, the carrier paid four dollars in claims. Some insurance carriers look dimly at firms that do a large percentage of residential projects. Let’s look at a couple of examples of residential projects and the problems caused by them.

C

lient’s eyes are bigger than their stomach: The architect was retained by an attorney and his wife to do a remodel on their home. They wanted to add a family room, and the wife wanted a "world class kitchen." Discussions took place and the contract was signed. The architect worked with the wife on the details relative to the kitchen. She asked for specific elements to be added to the kitchen layout. While the designer warned these would be additional costs, he was told to proceed. After completing the design phase, the architect was advised the owner trusted his contractor to do the work, and would not need construction administration responsibilities. The designer acknowledged the limited scope and prepared its bill for the work performed. A month later, the architect received a letter from the client indicating the architect overdesigned the project and padded his fees. The Owner opted not to do the work, and

demanded a full return of fees. It appears the husband did not like the price tag for the designs. The designer was further surprised when the insurer advised that the return of fees is not a covered loss under the policy. This isn’t what I had in mind: The architect designed a custom home for the client. After completion of the design, the Contract Documents and renderings were presented to the Owner for review and approval. The Owner loved the design and gave the go-ahead. The work was bid, and the project moved forward, actually being finished within the budget. When the client and his wife came to see the finished project, they were both extremely disappointed because, while they approved the work, it wasn’t what they really wanted. They hired an engineer to review the house and find faults with the design. The architect reviewed his notes and showed the client where they agreed to everything, but the client insisted the finished project was not

(Continued on page 22)

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Introduction to

Featured Architects pages 14-15, 16-17, 18-19, 20-21


Featured Architect

Photo: Sesha Smith/Convey Studio

Dake Wells Architecture is emerging as one of a handful of progressive practices located in the center of the United States. The firm’s collaborative work has received broad acclaim from the American Institute of Architects, Architect Magazine, Contract Magazine, Interior Design Magazine and American School and University Magazine as well as countless digital media outlets. Since its founding in 2004, the practice has received over twenty awards for design excellence at the local, regional and national level. The practice challenges common misconceptions about design, focusing on rational problem solving with a healthy does of wit. Inspired by the ordinary, the work expresses an economy and clarity that engages people and enriches the human spirit.

The notion of place both informs and defines the firm’s work. As Missouri’s third largest city, Springfield lies at the convergence of the Ozarks, Route 66 and tornado alley. Home to our young nation’s first outlaw gunfight between Wild Bill Hickock and Dave Tutt, its identity has long been overshadowed by larger Midwestern cities. Brandon Dake and Andrew Wells set out to overcome Springfield’s apparent inferiority complex, challenging the notion that design is expensive, frivolous or unnecessary. The existing conditions of the place in which they practice informs their design solutions, transforming the current condition into a new condition that supersedes the original. They are making a new place, with a new identity, enriched by the very conditions that have heretofore been regarded as the constraints that limited others. They embrace the constraints and celebrate their boundless potential. With the goal of creating meaningful architecture, they hope the work of Dake Wells Architecture is able to give something back to those who encounter it over time.

Dake Wells Architecture Office With limited means, a single enclosed conference space is positioned between existing columns and oriented to greet visitors while blocking views of the less organized workspaces beyond. Interior walls are lined with dry-erase material and tackable surfaces. A steel reception desk terminates the gallery and marks the endpoint of a single line of workstations. Salvaged fluorescent lights are reorganized above the workstations and shielded with polycarbonate to form a single lighting element. Photo: Gayle Babcock, Architectural Imageworks, LLC

Exeter Schools Multi-Purpose Space This 11,000 s.f. addition claims an existing courtyard in a 3-in-1 approach to providing a new multi-use space linking unconnected buildings for a cafeteria, practice gym, and performance hall. Flooded with light and equipped with basketball goals and athletic floor, it includes a folded wood element inspired by a sushi roll with layers of varying absorptiveness designed to optimize acoustics. The project celebrates public assembly in its rural community of 707 people. Photo: Gayle Babcock, Architectural Imageworks, LLC

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Featured Architect

KLF Architectual Systems Located in a suburban retail center, this small office for an aluminum window supplier is inspired by aluminum extrusions found in the company’s manufacturing plant. The transparent and reflective qualities of glass and aluminum are exploited and contrasted with the workmanlike qualities of concrete and pegboard. A screen of one-inch thick curtain wall sections separates the offices from the conference area, adding a sense of privacy to the transparency. Photo: Gayle Babcock, Architectural Imageworks, LLC

Missouri State University West Plains Student Recreation Center Partially funded by a FEMA grant, this new student recreation center doubles as a tornado safe room capable of withstanding an EF-5 tornado. The building is nestled into its sloping site and anchored to the campus with a twisting band of Cor-ten steel. The concrete enclosure is developed as a rough textured outer layer revealing a smooth inner layer that recalls the area’s logging history peeling tree bark from site specific trees.

Photo: Gayle Babcock, Architectural Imageworks, LLC

Reeds Spring High School Addition This new gym is separated from the existing building with a glass reveal emblazoned with "W-O-L-V-E-S". The graphic glows by night and casts an interior shadow by day, establishing the school’s identity to visitors. This new gym is designed as a simple masonry box with a continuous horizontal "slot" providing daylight to the interior. This "slot" is strategically located 12 feet above the floor maximizing natural light while minimizing glare.

Photo: Gayle Babcock, Architectural Imageworks, LLC

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Featured Architect

Jaeger Nickola Kuhlman & Associates (JNKA) is a full service architecture firm based in Park Ridge, Illinois, that is dedicated to religious architecture and is celebrating its 50th anniversary in 2013. With its staff of 10 professionals, JNKA has completed over 450 projects for faith based organizations in 6 states, including churches, cathedrals, synagogues, schools, athletic facilities, administrative centers, and senior housing developments, with a wide range of designs for new buildings, additions, renovations, historic restorations, adaptive re-use and handicap accessibility projects of all sizes. Originally founded in 1963 as a firm that designed a broad range of residential and commercial buildings, its focus changed direction when Tom Jaeger completed his award-winning design of St. Barnabas Episcopal Church in Glen Ellyn, Illinois. This led to a gradual specialization in religious architecture, and in 1992 the firm made a commitment to exclusively serve churches and faith based communities, which has remained JNKA's focus ever since. JNKA’s diverse portfolio of work is a reflection of the unique identity, faith, and liturgical practices of the religious communities they serve. The firm has received numerous design awards over the years but believes one of its greatest strengths is the Visioning and Master Planning Process they use to guide faith communities in defining the needs, wishes, and goals for their facilities, and to create architectural designs that respect, reflect and achieve these objectives. The personal faith experiences of the JNKA team and the architectural challenges and rewards of serving faith based organizations are the foundations for JNKA's commitment to specialize in religious architecture. Their passion for religious architecture fuels the firm’s efforts and commitment to providing clients with steadfast guidance, utmost professionalism and tireless dedication through each step of the design and construction process.

Holy Family Chapel The Holy Family Chapel is a two-story interior build-out within an Opus Dei residence and center of spiritual formation. Reverence for the Holy Eucharistic was the guiding principle for this neo-classical design which features custom millwork, a vaulted ceiling with skylights, stained glass windows, arched recessed niches, custom wood pews, Solomonic columns, and JNKA designed sanctuary furnishings, including the altar and reredos that frames a replica of Murillo’s Holy Family painting.

Photo: Monika E Benitez, JNKA Architects

Immaculate Conception/ St. Joseph School The new Immaculate Conception/St. Joseph School was a 56,000 sf, renovation and addition to a vacant and dilapidated Chicago Public School building originally constructed in 1961. The new entrance addition provides a two story lobby, elevator, and space for the school offices. The classroom wings include a media center, science labs, specialty classrooms, and a cafeteria. And the multi-purpose gymnasium addition includes a concession area, stage and a mezzanine with bleacher seating. Photo: Douglas E. Lasch

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Featured Architect

Archbishop Quigley Center The Archbishop Quigley Center was an adaptivereuse renovation of a Landmark 87,000 sf preseminary high school building and its conversion into an administrative headquarters for the Archdiocese of Chicago, which included new elevators, MEP systems, two levels of office space in a former gymnasium, conference rooms within a former circular stair tower, a new entrance lobby, ornamental stairways, and a restoration of the historic St. James Chapel with a new wood entryway featuring Gothic detailing.

Photo: James Steinkamp

St. Luke’s Lutheran Church This three-story addition to St. Luke’s Lutheran Church was designed to blend with the Gothic style of the original 1928 church, and features a new handicap accessible main entrance, a two-story gathering space with skylights adjacent to the sanctuary, a grand "pulpit" stair that overlooks the gathering space, an elevator, choir rehearsal space, meeting rooms, classrooms, church offices and bathrooms. An existing fellowship hall was also renovated with new air conditioning and interior finishes. Photo: Douglas E. Lasch

Trinity Green Trails Trinity Green Trails is a new satellite facility for Trinity Lutheran Church that was designed within vacant retail space of a former Walgreens pharmacy and video store to provide a 375-seat contemporary worship space, a colorful and experiential "Kidstreet" featuring an indoor slide, treehouse, and play and performance spaces for children, and the fellowship oriented "Grounds for Hope Cafe", a coffee shop that is also open to the public 7 days a week.

Photo: Douglas E. Lasch

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Featured Architect

For more than 30 years, national design firm Moody•Nolan has been considered a leader in industry best practices and client satisfaction. Founded in 1982 by Curtis J. Moody and Howard E. Nolan, the firm has won numerous national awards for its innovative, functional and aesthetically pleasing solutions to achieving client goals. With projects in 45 states, Moody •Nolan specializes in corporate, education, sports/recreation, collegiate, healthcare, housing/mixed-use and public service facilities. The firm is based in Columbus, Ohio, and operates seven regional offices. Over the years, the firm has been honored with more than 200 local, state and national awards, including Best Architectural Firm by Columbus CEO and the President’s Exemplary Service Award from the National Organization of Minority Architects awarded to Mr. Moody in 2008. Their ability to work hand-in-hand with their clients and their partners has been their foundation since the beginning. They have served as lead designer, architect of record, associate architect or as a consultant, depending on how their skills can best benefit a particular client and project. With more than 50 successful teaming partnerships, they understand and welcome the complexities involved in the partnership of many talented minds working cooperatively to solve client challenges and to create innovative solutions.

Photo: William Manning, William Manning Photography

Photo: William Manning, William Manning Photography

Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Community Health Center

Cincinnati Public Schools Erich Kunzel Center for Arts and Education

Cincinnati, Ohio

Cincinnati, Ohio

The 80,000 sq. ft. facility includes various therapies, Urgent Care, Laboratory and Radiology services. Cincinnati Children’s Hospital wanted a new facility that embraced the brand and standards that they have in place today. Cincinnati Children’s Hospital anticipates more than 50,000 visits within the first year of operation and expects at least 80,000 visits per year by 2018.

Housed within this five-story facility are visual arts, technology education, drama, dance and theater production programs. In addition to the flagship theater, there is a 300seat recital hall and a black box theater. The "Avenue of the Arts," a large concourse which also serves as a gallery, organizes the performance spaces, and through its orientation and views again establishes a visual connection back to the Music Hall.

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Featured Architect

Connor Group Corporate Headquarters Centerville, Ohio It was the Connor Group’s desire to create a world-class headquarters facility where the building is an iconic statement for their brand. As a progressive company, the new facility capitalizes on the newest technologies and environmental planning ideas, allowing for more efficient and functional environments for their associates. The building contains a central atrium space providing all employees with access to natural light. The building is designed to LEED standards. Photo: N/A; project is currently under construction

Ithaca College Athletics and Events Center Ithaca, New York This 179,000 sq. ft. multipurpose facility works with the existing hillside topography and creates a visual termination for a major pedestrian walkway. The program for this facility focused on three main activity places: indoor field house, natatorium and outdoor turf field. The signature design element, the tower, serves as a natural ventilator powered by the stack effect of warm air rising and expelling hot air out the top of the tower with minimal mechanical means, while drawing cooler air into the building. Photo: James West, JWest Productions, LLC

The Ohio State University Ohio Union Columbus, Ohio The new Ohio Union is one of the largest student unions in the nation. Its wide ranging accommodations include a food court in addition to a number of stand-alone food/beverage venues; a concert hall and performance spaces; a massive ballroom capable of innumerable configurations; conference and meeting rooms; and a suite of student organization offices. All of these are supported by a wide range of lounge, social and gathering spaces.

Photo: Brad Feinknopf, Feinknopf Photography

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Featured Architect

uncan G. Stroik Architect LLC is a company that has focused on designing ecclesiastical and institutional works of architecture for the past 25 years in the United States and overseas. Stroik is considered a leader in the renaissance of sacred architecture through his design work, publications, teaching, lectures, and editorship of the journal Sacred Architecture. The firm has designed a large number of ecclesiastical projects including parish churches, cathedrals, elementary schools, college chapels, monasteries and a national shrine. The greatest pleasure for the firm is to assist new clients in creating beautiful buildings for the Church. Stroik also recently launched a line of liturgical appointments called Rinascimento.

Monastery of the Infant Jesus of Prague Traverse City, Michigan The Carmelite Nuns of Traverse City celebrated the 50th anniversary of their Monastery of the Infant Jesus of Prague with a sanctuary renovation to inspire a deep reverence and heightened communion with God for all. The nuns, who are cloistered, wanted to use local craftsmen and wood sourced in Michigan to support the local economy.

The Cathedral of Our Lady of Lourdes Spokane, Washington The Cathedral of Our Lady of Lourdes in Spokane, Washington desired a renovation to remove the dated sanctuary elements and replace them with materials more in harmony with the original design of the Cathedral. The proposed renovation involves modifying and returning the decommissioned cathedra and ambo while maintaining focus on a new marble altar of sacrifice within a clearly defined marble sanctuary. Other proposed improvements include devotional shrine restorations, lighting improvements, and the relocation of the historic baptismal font.

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 17 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2013


Featured Architect

Cathedral of St. Joseph Sioux Falls, South Dakota Placed on a bluff overlooking downtown Sioux Falls, the Cathedral of Saint Joseph is the most prominent piece of architecture and a symbol of the city. Bishop Paul Swain’s request was to restore the Cathedral in a way that the original architect would recognize. The most prominent of the changes was the new design of the sanctuary complete with cathedra, circular ambo, complex marble floor, and marble circular baldacchino.

Cathedral of Saint Paul Saint Paul, Minnesota The newly designed organ case by Stroik at the Cathedral of Saint Paul in Minnesota is inspired by sketches by architect Emmanuel Masqueray, who designed the Cathedral in 1904. The hand carved walnut and gold leaf details include matching cantilevered towers, corbels, swags, volutes, and spires. One hundred twenty three new façade pipes screen the restored and updated Æolian-Skinner organ. Master Woodcarver Ian Agrell fabricated and installed the organ case.

The Chapel of Saint Joseph South Bend, Indiana "The beauty of this chapel is it will inspire so many to prayer, to experience God’s presence and love in our hearts," proclaimed Bishop Kevin Rhoades at the chapel dedication before Christmas in 2012. The Chapel of Saint Joseph is located at the center of the new Saint Joseph High School in South Bend, Indiana. CSO Architects, who designed the high school, worked together with Duncan Stroik to create this sacred space.

Photo: Joseph Hilliard Photos

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INSURANCEINFO (Continued from page 12)

what they envisioned when reviewing the drawings. When running any risk management seminars for design professionals, we usually advise that eighty to eighty-five percent of claims against design professionals are a result of failure to meet client expectations, and eighty cents of every dollar is spent on claims due to failure to communicate and document. This is even more pronounced when it comes to custom homes. Remember, designers are usually dealing with less sophisticated consumers when dealing with single family residences. If you think about it, for the average American the purchase of a home is the largest investment they will make in their lifetimes. This results in inflated ex-pectations when it comes to the end result. Therefore, the following issues are vitally important when it comes to dealing with owners on single family residences. 1) Establish reasonable expectations, and then document those expectations back to the owner. You can use the contract negotiation stage to educate the client in rudimentary terms what your role is on the project. 2) Keep the owner advised in writing as to the progress of the project, and try to demonstrate to them how your actions are meeting their expectations. You may also want to include the owner’s input on any questions or concerns that arise so they are part of the process. One quick point: While the client selection process may not be used as a basis for determining whether the project will be taken or not, it doesn’t mean the process has no value. The process can be used to evaluate the relative sophistication of the client to determine the level of communication and documentation will be needed to hopefully avoid any claims. So far we’ve talked about single family residences. Let’s not forget condominiums. What are the issues that arise most frequently with condominiums? An emerging issue with luxury condos is sound attenuation, or the transmission

of sound from one unit to another. If the units are equipped with whirlpool spas the issue is even more pronounced. By far the most frequent source of claims with condominium projects is water infiltration, especially related to the balconies of each condo unit. While a great many claims are the result of the contractor failing to properly flash the windows, doors and chimneys, the balconies present the largest problem for design professionals when it comes to condos. It is extremely difficult to design balconies with step downs that do not leak. Some of the challenges facing designers in condo projects are as follows: 1) Single use, LLCs. Once the project is done, they’re gone and are no longer a viable contributor. Frequently, the designer is the only viable contributor. Remember, the contractor usually doesn’t have insurance to cover defective work. 2) Multiple owners. If you have a one hundred unit condo project, you have one hundred and one potential claimants, including the homeowners association, 3) Plaintiff attorneys who specialize in condo projects. Otherwise condo and residential projects share the same issues of the owner living in the claim, and the disputes usually involving high emotions. Before we end this discussion, let us not forget sustainable design and LEED certifications. Again, what is the client looking for when they say "I want a green building?" Do they want operating savings, tax saving, a leafy plaque, or do they have a true altruistic desire to preserve non-renewable resources. Since claims generally involve money, it is usually the first two that are the issues most frequently at issue. The designer needs to drill down to determine what the client truly wants. But, it doesn’t end there when we are talking about expectations. The client and the ultimate owner of the project must be made to understand along with the designer, the contractor and owner have duties when it comes to sustainable design and LEED Certifications. The contractor will have to take greater care to ensure that building envelopes are tight and operating systems properly installed and balanced. The owner must be more diligent in the repair, maintenance and upkeep of the building, and will be required to keep accurate records of their maintenance and repair efforts. With proper planning along with thorough communication and documentation, residential projects can become more manageable from a risk management perspective.

“After completing the design phase, the architect was advised the owner trusted his contractor to do the work, and would not need construction administration responsibilities.”

KELLY P. REYNOLDS & ASSOCIATES, INC. BUILDING CODE CONSULTANTS

NATIONWIDE PHONE 1-(800) 950-CODE (2633) Fax (866) 814-2633 Email: codexperts@aol.com www.codexperts.net Free hot lines (members only)

Corporate Office 616 Executive Drive Willowbrook, IL 60527-5610

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16182 W. Magnolia Street Goodyear, AZ 85338-5518

LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 17 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2013


ALA 2013

BUYER’S GUIDE Kelly P. Reynolds & Associates, Inc.

Architectural Firms

Kelly Reynolds 16182 West Magnolia P.O. Box 5518 Goodyear, AZ 85338-5518 codexperts@aol.com

Studio Design-ST Cheryl Tkacz 1529 S. Wayne Road Westland, MI 48186 clt.studiodesign@sbcglobal.net

800-950-CODE

734-728-5040

Conveying Equipment Concrete

Access Elevators, Inc. Jon Tevz 1000 Industrial Dr., Ste. 2C Bensenville, IL 60106 kelly@allaboutaccess.net

PCI of IL & WI Marty McIntyre P. O. Box 1477 Oak Park, IL 60304 martymci@pci-iw.org

708-386-3715

Interline Creative Group

847-358-4848

312-223-8414

Image Grille Ronald Schatz 1032 West Drive, South Elgin, IL 60177 rps@imagegrille.com

847-214-8283 www.imagegrille.com

Konica Minolta Business Solutions, Inc. 440-773-6587

Code Consultants B&F Techinical Code Services, Inc. Richard Piccolo P.O. Box 957648 2401 W Hassell Rd., Ste. 1550 Hoffman Estates, IL 60169 bftech@bftechcs.com

ARC Imaging Resources Glen Prezembel 1429 Jeffrey Drive, Addison, IL 60101 630-629-6900 glen.prezembel@e-arc.com www.arcimagingresources.com

Practice Clarity Jean Leathers 21335 North Park Drive Cleveland, OH 44126 jean@practiceclarity.com www.practiceclarity.com

847-403-0120

Digital Printing and Document Distribution

Maxima Consultants Corp. Ira Norooz 824 W. Superior, Ste. 209 Chicago, IL 60642 irajnor@msn.com

EHLS/To The Top Home Elevators Elizabeth Crandall 210 W Campus Dr, Ste. B Arlington Heights, IL 60004 elizabeth.crandall@ehls.com

Consultants James Nowakowski 553 N. North Court, Ste. 160 Palatine, IL 60067 jim@interlinegroup.com

630-616-6249

Bruce Thorne 2001 Butterfield Rd., #900 Downers Grove, IL 60515 bthorne@kmbs.konicaminolta.us

847-725-7945 Cell: 847-217-0919

Earthwork Ohio Stormwater Association 847-490-1443

Harry Stark P.O. Box 444, Twinsburg, OH 44087 barnes@bceo.org

513-785-4142

LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 17 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2013

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JG Innovations, Inc.

Engineering

Jack Grice P.O. Box 8128, Janesville, WI 53547-8128 marketing@jgius.com

Berg Engineering Consultants, Ltd. Brian Berg 801 West Wise Rd. Schaumburg, IL 60193 brian.berg.jr@berg-eng.com

Ozinga Architectural Products 847-352-4500

Felton Engineering David Felton 112910 W. Hawthorne New Berlin, WI 53151 feltondave@wi.rr.com

847-352-4500

Larson Engineering, Inc. Richard Serenda 1488 Bond Street, Suite 100 Naperville, IL 60563 rserenda@larsonengr.com www.larsonengr.com

630-357-0540 Cell: 630-624-1052

Tom Brann 2222 S. Lumber Street Chicago, IL 60614 tombrann@ozinga.com www.ozingaarch.com

708-625-1497

Tate Access Floors David Bessert 210 Quincy Lane, Roselle, IL 60172 dbessert@tateinc.com 630-893-0886 www.tateinc.com

Cell: 630-336-8772

General Contractors Arch Construction Management., Inc.

Moshe Calamaro & Associates, Inc. Moshe Calamaro 930 Pitner Ave., Ste. 7 Evanston, IL 60202 moshe@moshecal.com

608-314-8710

847-733-0015

Patrick Coveny 15 Spinning Wheel Rd. #404 Hinsdale, IL 60521 patc@arch-cm.com www.arch-cm.com

630-654-0537 Cell: 847-652-3090

Structurelogic, Inc. Michael Welsch 1205 Ogden Ave. Downers Grove, IL 60515 mwelsch@structurelogic.us

Geothermal Energy 630-969-0414

The Hill Group Bob Krier 11045 Gage Avenue Franklin Park, IL 60131 robert.krier@hillgrp.com www.hillgrp.com

847-451-5000

Ameristar Fence Products

918-835-0898

708-246-2525

312-467-2225

American Family Insurance

608-242-4100

Euclid Insurance Agencies, a USI Company 630-694-1130

Financial Security Group

Jing Guo 501 Cherry Hill Ct., Schaumburg, IL 60193 jguo@jlinktradingsolutions.com www.bellacittafloors.com

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Hafele America Co.

Melissa Roberts 234 Spring Lake Drive, Itasca, IL 60143 mroberts@euclidinsurance.com

Bella Citta Floors

John Manley 5611 West 120 Street, Alsip, IL 60803 opcmia5@sbcglobal.net

Hardware - Cabinet and Furniture

Cindy Glaeden-Knott 6000 American Parkway, Q22D Madison, WI 53783 cglaeden@amfam.com

Finishes

Chicago Plastering Institute

260-442-5374

Insurance and Financial Providers

Pergolas By Parrino A. J. Parrino 4057 Forrest Ave. Western Springs, IL 60558 ajparrino@ameritech.net

Scott Niesen W 9133 Roan End Court Cambridge, WI 53523 scott.niesen@waterfurnace.com

Sherry Kaye 154 W. Hubbard St., Chicago, IL 60654 skaye@hafeleamericas.com www.hafele.com/us

Exterior Improvements Mark Kirby 500 N. Marley Rd. New Lenox, IL 60451 mkirby@ameristarfence.com

WaterFurnace

1-855-223-5667

George Silfugarian, CFP 3025 Highland Pkwy., Suite 400 Downers Grove, IL 60515 george@financialsecuritygroup.net

630-874-6751

Holmes Murphy & Associates, Inc. 708-371-3100

LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 17 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2013

Reid Just 10 East Doty Street, Suite 800 Madison, WI 53703 rjust@holmesmurphy.com www.mgwelbel.com

800-527-9049


M.G. Welbel & Assoc., Inc. Michael Welbel 650 Dundee Road, Ste. 170 Northbrook, IL 60062 mwelbel@mgwelbel.com www.mgwelbel.com

Tubelite Inc.

847-412-1414

J. N. Lucas & Associates, Inc. 630-353-1027 Cell: 630-915-7418

312-288-7342

Brent Schmitt 723 S. LaSalle St., Aurora, IL 60505 bschmitt@bricksinc.net www.bricksinc.net 630-305-3980

Heley, Duncan & Melander

952-841-0219

414-271-7722

Frantz Ward, LLP

312-515-9215 Cell: 312-515-9215

Illinois Brick Company Deborah McGlynn 8995 W. 95th Street, Palos Hills, IL 60465 dmcglynn@illinoisbrick.com www.illinoisbrick.com

708-237-5606

Scott Conwell 2140 Corporate Dr., Addison, IL 60101 sconwell@imiweb.org www.imiweb.org

630-396-3106

Stephen Hunt One Hunt Court, Mundelein, IL 60060 steve.hunt@oldcastle.com www.northfieldblock.com

847 949-3600 Cell: 847 894-2190

Pittsburgh Corning Corp. 312-565-8484

Lighting

Matt Holop 33772 N. Shawnee Ave. Gages Lake, IL 60030 matt_holop@pghcorning.com

847-840-6559

Rauch Clay Sales Corporation

Night Light, Inc. Dean MacMorris 148 Eisenhower Lane North Lombard, IL 60148 dean@nightlightinc.net

Howard Jancy 13001 Seal Beach Blvd. Seal Beach, CA 90740 hjancy@cbpmail.net www.CustomBuildingProducts.com

Northfield, an Oldcastle Company 312-655-8620

Schuyler, Roche & Crisham P.C. Jeffrey Kubes 130 East Randolph Street #3800 Chicago, IL 60601 jkubes@SRCattorneys.com www.srcattorneys.com

703-620-3928

International Masonry Institute 216-515-1615

Sabo & Zahn, Attorneys at Law Shawn Goodman 401 North Michigan Ave., Ste. 2050 Chicago, IL 60611 sgoodman@sabozahn.com

630-897-6926

Custom Building Products

Crivello, Carlson, S.C.

Mark Stockman, 127 Public Square 2500 Key Tower City Cleveland, OH 44114 mstockman@frantzward.com frantzward.com

262-215-8873

Brick Industry Association Megan Seid 1850 Centennial Park Drive Reston, VA 20191 mseid@bia.org www.bia.org

Legal Services

Joshua Levy 710 N. Plankinton Ave, Ste. 500 Milwaukee, WI 53203 jlevy@milwlaw.com

Gene Guetzow 200 Mansell Court East Atlanta, GA 30076 gene.guetzow@boral.com

Bricks Incorporated

Signature Design Group, Inc.

Mark Heley 8500 Normandale Lake Blvd, Suite 2110 Minneapolis, MN 55437 mheley@heleyduncan.com

773-731-6857 Cell: 773/793-4339

Boral Stone Products

Interior Design Firms Greg Sagen 604 N. Washington St., Suite 2 Naperville, IL 60563 greg@sgntrgroup.com

James Lucas Hammond, IN 46324 jim@jnlucas.com

Masonry

Willis A&E Tom Harkins 233 S. Wacker Dr., Suite 2000 Chicago, IL 60606 tom.harkins@willis.com www.willisAE.com

wlutzke@tubeliteinc.com

Manufacturer Representative

TW Group Inc. Paul Coultrap CPCU 850 N. Cass Ave. Westmont, IL 60559 paulc@twgroupinc.com www.twgroupinc.com

Walt Lutzke 3056 Walker Ridge Dr. NW, Suite G Walker, MI 49544 616-808-2549

630-627-1111 www.nightlightinc.net

Christian Metz 3037 S. Christiana Ave. Chicago, IL 60623 cmetz@rauchclay.com rauchclay.com

773-254-0775 Cell: 773-457-0901

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Reading Rock

Nelson Testing Laboratories

Ryan Miller 4600 Devitt Dr. Cincinnati, OH 45246 millerr@readingrock.com readingrock.com

Mark Nelson 1210 Remington Rd. Schaumburg, IL 60173 mnelson@nelsontesting.com

Thermal and Moisture Protection

Metals

Advanced Building Products, Inc.

Tesko Custom Metal Robert Skonieczny 7350 W. Montrose Ave. Norridge, IL 60706 nancyhayden@teskoenterprises.com readingrock.com

630-864-8604

Amy Lee P.O. Box 860, Valley Forge, PA 19482 building.Solutions@saint-gobain.com www.CertainTeed.com/Gypsum

Andersen Windows, Inc.

847-981-9900 Cell: 773-964-6043

815-768-6678

630-675-4750

Tee Jay Service Co., Inc. Thomas Safran P.O. Box 369, Batavia, IL 60510 tsafran@teejaydoors.com

630-406-1406

Specialties Moen Incorporated Mark Madden 340 West Potomac, Lombard, IL 60148 mark.madden@moen.com http://moen.com

630-661-3994

847-433-8980

International Leak Detection

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William McHugh 4415 W. Harrison St., Hillside, IL 60162 bill@chicagoroofing.org www.chicagoroofing.org

708-449-5266

Cosella-Dorken Products, Inc. Kathryn Siegert 4815 3rd Street NW Rochester, MN 55901 info@cosella-dorken.com

414-852-4425

Dow Building Solutions Norah Prombo 4415 W. Harrison St.., #436 Naperville, IL 60540 nprombo@dow.com

630-848-0405

Randon Saunoris 231 S. LaSalle Chicago, IL 60604 randon.saunoris@jameshardie.com

Cell: 708-941-3317

LP Building Products

Testing Laboratories Chris Eichhorn, RRO 2064 River Rd. South, Suite 1-S Des Plaines, IL 60018 chris@leak-detection.com www.leak-detection.com

708-202-1108 630-220-0947

James Hardie Building Products

TOTO USA Michael Harrigan 500 N. Wells Street, Chicago, IL 60654 mharrigan@totousa.com

William McHugh 4415 W. Harrison St., #436 Hillside, IL 60162 billmchugh-jr@att.net www.fcia.org

Chicagoland Roofing Council

Pella Windows & Doors, Inc. Chris Carpenter 2505 Enterprise Circle West Chicago, IL 60185 ccarpenter@pella.com

800-233-8990

Chicagoland Roofing Contractors Association

Marvin Windows & Doors Sharon Roscher 457 West Fulterton Ave. Elmhurst, IL 60126 sharonr@marvin.com

847-705-9190 Cell: 708-707-9190

312-375-1876

Doors For Builders, Inc. Kevin Mack 850 Lunt Ave. Elk Grove Village, IL 60007 kmack@doorsforbuilders.com

Patrick Duffy 283 Inverway Inverness, IL 60067 pduffy@abpcorp.net www.abpcorp.net

CertainTeed Gypsum

Openings Kellan Dillon 2310 Cowper Ave. Evanston, IL 60201-1844 kdillon@andersencorp.com

847-882-1146

630-864-8604

Amber Hitch 414 Union St., Suite 2000 Nashville, TN 37219 amber.hitch@lpcorp.com

615-986-5611

LiveRoof, LLC

866-282-5325

LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 17 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2013

Mike Selleck P.O. Box 533 Spring Lake, MI 49456 sales@liveroof.com

616-842-1392


NexGen Building Supply John Mandigo 2300 Hammond Drive, Schaumburg, IL 60173 jmandigo@nexgenbuildingsupply.com

The Vinyl Institute, Inc. 847-303-9800

Prosoco Inc. Gary Hayes P.O. Box 7, Batavia, IL 60510 gary.hayes@prosoco.com

800-255-4255

Shaffner Heaney Associates, Inc. Phillip Eenigenburg 2508 South Main Street, South Bend, IN 46614 phile@shaffnerheaney.com

847-651-2002

Tremco Barrier Solutions Erik Schremp 471 Wren Lane, , Hudson, WI 54016 Eschremp@tremcoinc.com www.tremcobarriersolutions.com

Terry-Anne Murphy 1737 King Street, Suite 390 Alexandria, VA 22314 terry@vinylindesign.com http://www.vinylindesign.com

410-917-0539

USP Structural Connectors Neil Faulkner 1537 Mandel Ave., Westchester, IL 60154 nfaulkner@mii.com

708-497-8653

Wood Products Council (WoodWorks) Archie Landreman 3550 Osborne Blvd., Racine, WI 53405 archie@woodworks.org www.woodworks.org

262-672-4746 Cell: 262-497-5550

952-221-6010

Weyerhaeuser Steven Tag 1518 Carlton Court, New Lenox, IL 60451 steve.tag@weyerhaeuser.com

Window Treatments

PRODUCT SPOTLIGHTS

Robert Zank 14007 S. Bell Road #305 Homer Glen, IL 60491 email@bairdsdrapery.com www.bairdsdecorating.com

312-226-3300

For over 60 years, Baird's has specialized in wholesale custom draperies, bedding, shades, blinds, reupholstery, shutters, decorative hardware and motorized systems to the design trade. MechoSystems, Hunter Douglas, Conrad, Horizons, Nanilk

Wood, Plastics and Composites Architectural Woodwork Institute Gregory Bednar 4120 S. Victoria Circle New Berlin, WI 53151 gregorymb@aol.com www.awinet.org

815-514-0348

International Leak Detection 180,000

210,000

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571-323-3629 Cell: 414-659-2462

1-866-282-5325

www.leak-detection.com

the original and still the best

Chicago Regional Council of Carpenters Keith Jutkins 12 E. Erie Chicago, IL 60611 kjutkins@carpentersunion.org

James Gogolski 1742 Warrenton Thomson, GA 30824 jgogolski@frtw.com www.frtw.com.

312-787-3076

706-595-7355 Cell: 706-990-8963

is pressure impregnated fire retardant treated lumber and plywood that’s used for interior structural applications such as plywood roof sheathing, wall sheathing, roof trusses, rafters, floor joists, mezzanines, shelving, load-bearing walls, floor sheathing, partition walls, and many more interior applications.

Hoover Treated Wood Products, Inc, in business since 1955, supplies a comprehensive portfolio of pressure-impregnated kiln-dried lumber and plywood products for fire retardant and preservative applications. Learn more at www.frtw.com. LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 17 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2013

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CONTRIBUTEDARTICLE

How Wide Is Your Triangle? by Rena M. Klein, FAIA

hat kind of firm you have probably depends on what comes naturally. Your capabilities, your interests and your habits all together have a way of attracting certain kinds of work and certain ways of doing business. Chances are, whether you know it or not, you are already operating within one of the common business models for professional service firms. So, if it’s already happening without you knowing, why should you care? You should care because awareness of business models gives you the ability to be strategic about how your firm is structured. It’s similar to a design concept that gives shape to all decisions that follow. It can give you an understanding of how to match your staffing with the way you generate revenue, likely resulting in greater profitability. Understanding these business models underscores the ineffectiveness that can result from pursuing any job that comes along – often stalling a firm’s ability to gain traction in knowing what they are doing and how they are doing it. Each business model, to be successful, has an ideal staffing configuration. Hence, the triangle image and the question - how wide is your staffing triangle? Or to put it another way, what shape is the design concept for your firm?

Business Models for Design Firms

Figure 1: Staffing triangles are different depending on your business model

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 17 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2013


Basic Business Models For professional service firms, there are three basic business models that are represented in Figure 1. To be clear, by business model I mean an articulation of how you make your money. Are you dependent on high hourly rates and advanced expertise for which clients are willing to pay top dollar? Or are you working hard to be more efficient so you can make money while offering lower fees and quicker turnaround? If your practice is like most design firms, you find yourself somewhere in-between. Your core competency is based on your experience and your ability to solve complex problems. Making money is dependent on the skillful management of staff and clients. Any size firm can practice using any of these three models – you don’t have to be a big firm to practice efficiency, have experience, or cultivate expertise. Let’s examine each of these models individually:

Efficiency Firms Efficiency firms are focused on fast and less expensive project delivery. These firms often specialize in one project type or a narrow range of services and tend to serve clients that are looking for standard solutions and quick turnaround. For example, a small architectural firm that serves residential developers might operate effectively within the efficiency model. Large firms can operate in this model also if they specialize in the delivery of routine project types, such as big box stores. On jobs such as these, once standards and routine methods are in place, a firm can easily grow to accommodate an expanding market. • We can do it better, faster, cheaper • Profitability depends on productivity & repeatable project elements • More routine work, more junior staff • Staffing triangle: cwide at bottom Partners / Principals Project Managers / Project Architects Interns / Drafters

experience firms are proficient at solving non-routine and complex design problems. While their experience may be in a certain project type, such as healthcare or museums, their core competency is the ability to successfully organize and deliver significant and complicated projects. Many successful experience firms find they are able to apply their accrued knowledge to a diversity of project types, a strategy that can help weather economic downturns in individual market sectors. • We know how to solve complex design problems • Profitability depends on well managed projects and skillful use of staff resources • Mixture of tasks and staffing levels • Staffing triangle: balanced Partners / Principals Project Managers / Project Architects Interns / Drafters

Figure 3: Experience firms rely on applying accrued knowledge.

The basic management challenge for this type of firm is to match the project task to the "pay-grade." Much of a design fee can be spent when the principals or project architects perform work that could be done by someone with a lower salary. For solo-practitioners who have meaningful experience in complex projects, a first hire might be experienced support, rather than production help. An employee that can manage projects will free the firm owner to do more design work and nurture relationships that will lead to more opportunities. Virtual collaboration with other firms as sub-consultants or joint venture partners is an excellent strategy for experience firms that want to grow and expand their project portfolio. Sustainability for experience firms is enhanced when they are adept at creating, acquiring, and managing knowledge from doing projects so it can be applied to future commissions.

Expertise Firms Figure 2: Efficiency firms rely on repeatable processes.

Because efficiency-based firms do projects with a significant amount of routine work, firm owners are able to hire less experienced people for production assistance. This helps to keep production costs down, while freeing the principals to acquire more work. Routine work may also lend itself to having a remote virtual workforce or to sub-contracting production work. With repeatable elements and standard processes, project delivery can be streamlined. Profitability is dependent on volume and productivity is relatively easy to obtain once systems are in place. Sustainable success in these firms requires continuous improvement of work processes and staying current with technology and trends.

Expertise firms have service offerings that rest upon deep knowledge and/or exceptional talent. These firms include those headed by "starchitects" with their unique style and abilities, or more commonly, by specialists in a narrow band of professional knowledge, such as acoustical design or passive house. • We have special knowledge or talent • Profitability depends on high fees for expert or unique service • More non-routine work and senior staff • Staffing triangle: top-heavy Partners / Principals Project Managers / Project Architects Interns / Drafters

Experience Firms When asked, most firm leaders will describe their firms as operating within the second business model and most are correct in their assessment. In contrast with efficiency firms that have deep experience but engage in routine projects, true

Figure 4: Expertise-based firms rely on the unique knowledge or talent LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 17 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2013

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For firm owners who have deep knowledge and are thought leaders in their field, an expertise firm may allow a financially successful one-person firm to be established and sustained. When employees are involved, since most of the work is nonroutine, few, if any, middle level and junior staff people are needed to complete the work. More commonly, expert practitioners will partner with other experts in related field to offer a broader range of services. Many also connect with academic institutions that allow expert practitioners the opportunity to teach and facilitate research activities that forward knowledge creation. One or two person firms can be very successful using this model since profitability depends on high hourly rates for services.

When Things Get Out Of Balance If you run an expertise firm or an efficiency firm it is fairly transparent when staffing is unbalanced and relatively easy to correct. For experience firms it’s a different story and many struggle due to the imbalance in their staffing. The typical imbalance scenario is illustrated in Figure 5.

Your best bet is to encourage and support the departure of PM/PAs when they are ready and seemingly aspiring for more. This will bring the firm back into balance through attrition, especially if the PM/PA is replaced with a junior person. Profitability will remain difficult unless this balance is carefully watched and work processes are continually improved. However, this strategy will maintain the firm at a size where the principals can be directly involved in every aspect of the firm’s work, which is the preference of many small firm owners.

How to Know What You Are If you run a high-design firm that does trendy retail stores, your firm will have to be different from the architect’s that designs the entire suburban shopping center. For one thing, the shopping center architect needs many junior level employees to complete the production work, while the stylish retail architect needs cutting-edge creativity from her small staff. There are also differences in clients for these two types of jobs and these clients have differing expectations of their architects. It’s hard to do both in one firm, especially a small one, even though they are both "retail" projects. How do you know what kind of firm you have or want to have? Take this little test: 1. Clients’ most important reason for hiring you is: a. You offer reasonable fees, while delivering a good product, on time b. You offer a portfolio of projects that shows you have done projects of equal size and complexity as the one they are developing c. You offer specialized knowledge or ability that the client needs

Figure 5: Experience firm staffing can easily get out of balance

This situation happens when there are too many project architect / managers (PA/PM) relative to the number of principals and junior staff. Often, most of these PM/PAs have about the same amount of experience and many have been there for years. These are usually highly valued employees who understand the firm principal(s) and can get things done. However, in many firms these PA/PMs face no possibility of moving up in their careers unless they leave the firm. So the most entrepreneurial and ambitious will likely leave sooner or later. There are obvious downsides to their departure – the loss of institutional knowledge, the cost of new hires, and the narrowing of future ownership transition options, for example. There are a number of paths out of this situation, but much depends of the proclivities of the firm owners. If you are a firm owner that wants firm growth, the staff can be balanced by moving worthy PM/PAs to a "partner track." This involves identifying current and future "rain-makers," mentoring them, and connecting them with your existing client base. Growth happens as the new partners begin to bring in new work. As the firm grows, hiring more junior staff completes the staff rebalancing. If your firm is out of balance, but you don’t want it to grow, you need to face the likelihood of losing valued PM/PAs from time to time. It will also remain challenging to be profitable unless you have developed very effective work processes or are in a lucrative market sector.

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2. Your definition of professional success is: a. Delivering good projects with effectiveness and grace b. Wining design awards for large and/or complex projects c. Being renowned for your expertise or design talent 3. In your ideal workplace, you would be: a. Acquiring projects and overseeing their execution by junior staff and project managers b. Working in sync with like-minded people on interesting projects in a collegial atmosphere c. Surrounded by a colleagues who are intellectual peers capable of collaborating on projects needing advance knowledge Obviously, "a" indicates “Efficiency," "b" indicates "Experience" and "c" indicates "Expertise." Even though some of these choices are considered more "sexy" than others, try to be honest with yourself and answer with the letter that most describes your true feelings and experience. I know some of you will want to answer, "all of the above," but that is just not practical in one lifetime. If two out of the three are the same letter, you have a good indication of your proclivities. It may turn out that you are truly even, one a, one b and one c, and if that is the case, it may be useful to consider how to narrow your focus and be more strategic. You are more likely to be successful if you do. About the Author Rena M. Klein, FAIA is the author of The Architect’s Guide to Small Firm Management (Wiley, 2010) and principal of RM Klein Consulting, a firm that specializes in helping small firm owners run their firms better.


MEMBERSHIP

Association of Licensed Architects

Join now and become a member of a dynamic growing organization of architects ALA (The Association of Licensed Architects) is an organization open to all architects and professions related to architecture. It represents architects registered or licensed in any state, territory or possession of the United States, and foreign countries. ALA was founded in 1999 by a group of architects who formerly served as Board Members of other Architects’ Associations. Later that year, ALA was joined by ISA (Illinois Society of Architects), the oldest independent state organization in the country, which brought valued expertise and historic significance to the Association. ALA has experienced rapid growth, continues to maintain affordable dues and publishes a professional magazine for its members. ALA’s mission is to advance the Architectural Profession through education and by supporting and improving the profession’s role in the built environment. ALA’s vision is to positively impact the Architectural Profession through the power of organization. Its purpose is to unite, educate, promote, and advance the Architectural Profession and address critical issues confronting it. ALA will support the efforts of other Associations, when combined efforts will produce benefits for all. ALA will work and speak for members of the Architectural Profession and improve communication with the community through programs offering information, education and cooperation. It proposes to advance and contribute to the health, safety and welfare of the general public and believes in stimulating and encouraging continuing education plus the advancement of the art and science of architecture.

What ALA can do for YOU!

BENEFITS FOR MEMBERS: Professional, Senior & Emeritus Members • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Professional Designation Project Referral Legislative Monitoring Continuing Education Programs at Reduced Rates Quarterly Magazine – “Licensed Architect” Hot Lines: Legal, Code, Insurance, and ADA Short Form Electronic Contracts Membership Wall Certificate Job Posting Mediation Annual Design Awards Program Student Merit Awards IDP Assistance Networking with Affiliate and Professional Members Online Member and Resource Directory Annual Conference and Product Show Logging of ALA Program Hours Volunteer Opportunities Voting Privileges

Associate, Student, Honorary & New Graduate Members Same as professional members with the exception of voting privileges, professional designation & short form electronic contracts.

Affiliate Members • Same as professional members with the exception of voting privileges and professional designation plus... • Networking with Professionals • Special Member Rates at Annual Conference and Product Show • Sponsorship Opportunities • New! Buyer’s Guide Listing in June issue of Licensed Architect

ALA’s motto is:

“Architects united to advance the Profession of Architecture”

SEE

Involvement is an Investment in your Future! Share Experiences, Write an Article, Publish Design Work, Serve on a Task Force

THE NEXT PAGE FOR MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION

HELP INFLUENCE

THE

FUTURE

OF

ARCHITECTURE

Collective strength provides a wellspring of knowledge

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What the Association of Licensed Architects can do for YOU! ALA will provide you with:

JOIN NOW Reap the Benefits! SUPPORT your PROFESSION!

• • • • •

Information Education Research Networking Referral Service

Please complete the application below and mail with your tax deductible check made out to ALA, One East Northwest Highway, Suite 200, Palatine, IL 60067 For information call 847-382-0630 or E-mail: ALA@alatoday.org Registration is also available on-line at www.alatoday.org

2013 ALA Membership Application One East Northwest Highway, Suite 200, Palatine, IL 60067 (1) Full Name

(Please print)

Last

First

(2) Current Professional Status: ■ Partner/Principal

■ Firm Architect

M.I. ■ Academic ■ Other

(3) Information for Association records (Please check ONE box for desired mailing address): ■ Office ■ Residence Firm name

Address

Address

City / State / Zip

City / State / Zip

Phone

E-mail Address

E-mail Address

Phone: (

)

Fax: (

)

(4) States of Licensure

FAX No.

License No.

(5) Project types: (6) Number of employees in firm/corporation: (7) Current Membership in other Professional Organizations: (8) Referred by: (9) ALA Membership Category Applying For: Make Check payable to ALA

■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Signature of Applicant

PROFESSIONAL - Licensed architects = $150.00 SENIOR - Licensed architect 65 or over = $65.00 AFFILIATE - Industry or related professionals = $250.00 ASSOCIATE - Architecture degree/non-licensed = $65.00 STUDENT - Full time/Architecture Schools = $25.00 International Members - add $40.00 dollars for postage NEW GRADUATE - 1 year free membership with Professional degree. Please provide a copy of your diploma with this application. Date All dues may be deducted as a business expense but not as a charitable contribution. LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 17 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2013

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Legal Services for Architects Illinois

Wisconsin

Minnesota

Heley Duncan &Melander PLLP

Mark J. Heley, Attorney at Law Eric Heiberg, Attorney at Law 8500 Normandale Lake Boulevard Suie 2110 Minneapolis, Minnesota 55437

Direct (952) 841-0219 Main (952) 841-0001 Fax (952) 841-0041 Toll Free (866) 841-0080 mheley@heleyduncan.com

ALA Annual Golf Outing Friday, August 16, 2013 Golf Club of Illinois, Algonquin, IL 1:00 PM – Shotgun start • 6:30 PM Dinner & Awards Ceremony

ENTER YOUR FOURSOME TODAY IN THE BEST GOLF OUTING OF THE YEAR! Invite and entertain clients, or join your ALA friends, suppliers, and contractors for golf and dinner. You will enjoy a wonderful day of relaxed golf and excellent food at Golf Club of Illinois in Algonquin, plus have many chances at great prizes and cash.

MARKET YOUR COMPANY - BE A SPONSOR! • Hole Sponsor - Display your company name on a sponsor sign - $250 • Lunch Co-Sponsors (2) - Kick off the outing as a Lunch Sponsor - $500 • Eagle Sponsor - Sponsor a par three hole - ‘Meet and Greet’ all the players - $400 • Putting Competition Sponsor - Give your company extra recognition and reward the best putters - $400 • 19th Hole Sponsor - Provide appetizers for the hungry golfers during the cocktail hour - $400 • Scratch Card Sponsor - Display your company name on the back of every scratch card - $500

Great Prizes including the $10,000 Hole – In – One! Make your reservations today! For more information go to alatoday.org or call 847-382-0630.

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2013 ALA Design Awards Program PURPOSE

SUBMITTALS

To give professional recognition to excellence in Design by selecting award recipients whose work exhibits the creative and aesthetic characteristics deemed relevant by their peers and associates and to foster adoption of this quality by the general public.

ELIGIBILITY All submittals must be completed works designed by ALA members. Design awards are to be in the name of the firm, if a member of the firm is a member of ALA and a Principal of the firm. Otherwise, the award shall be given in the name of the Architect responsible for the design with the name of the member’s firm also shown. No entry may be submitted which has previously won an ALA Design Award.

AWARD WINNING ENTRIES Award recipients will be requested to furnish additional photos or electronic versions for press releases and to display their entries at the Awards Banquet.

PRESENTATION OF AWARDS

AWARDS Entries will be judged on their own merits based on: • Program Solution • Site and Space Planning • Overall Design Solution • Construction System and Details Certificates will be presented in order that the Firm, Owner, Contractor and Developer may be recipients. The following awards will be issued: Presidential Award (1) Gold Medal Award Silver Medal Award Award of Merit

CATEGORIES Entries 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Each entry must be submitted in the following manner. 1. Submit no less than one (1) or more than two (2) 20” X 20” boards, the composition of which shall be at the discretion of the entrant. 2. After Declaration of Intent, each participant will receive a detailed description of entry requirements by August 16, 2013 to guide in the preparation of the boards. Minimum requirements will be enumerated along with accompanying information. 3. Boards and accompanying material must be received at ALA Headquarters by close of business on September 6th, 2013.

shall be labeled in one of the following categories: Residential I - Single Family Homes Residential II - Multi Family Homes, Apts Commercial/Industrial Renovation Institutional Religious Unbuilt Design Interior Architecture

Certificates will be presented to applicants at the 2013 Awards Presentation Dinner on Friday, November 8th, 2013 at the Metropolitan Ballroom in Arlington Heights, Illinois. Clients are invited to attend along with entrants and guests.

RELEASE, RETURN OF ENTRY, AND PUBLICITY All entries are accepted with the explicit free right of publication, reproduction, and use by ALA and its sponsors without need for further approval. ALA shall not be responsible for protection of submission. Submissions may be picked up at the awards dinner or at the ALA office.

SUBMISSION OF INTENT The attached Declaration of Intent must be completed and returned with payment post-marked no later than August 9th, 2013 to: ALA Headquarters 1 E. Northwest Hwy. • Ste. 200 • Palatine, IL 60067 Entry fees must accompany each entry as described below:

JURY/JUDGING The panel of five jurors will be composed of architects and other design professionals such as college professors, journalists, interior designers, etc. It will meet shortly after the submission deadline to evaluate and select the building projects to receive awards.

ALA Members: $125.00 for first entry; each additional entry: $100.00 Non-ALA Members: $275.00 for the first entry (includes a one year ALA Membership) each additional entry: $100.00 Direct questions to ALA Headquarters (847-382-0630) or E-mail: Lisa@ALAtoday.org

DEADLINES

Decisions of the jury shall be final. None of the jury members may submit entries for judging or be associated with a firm submitting entries.

August 9th, 2013: Declaration of Intent Sept. 6th, 2013: Submission of Entries

Declaration of Intent • 2013 ALA Design Awards Program by

Association of Licensed Architects

I plan to submit an entry (entries) in ALA’s 2013 Design Award Program and will submit all materials by Sept. 6th, 2013 to: ALA Headquarters, 1 E. Northwest Hwy. • Ste. 200 • Palatine, IL 60067

Please mail my entry submission requirements, concealed identification forms and category guidelines to: Name Phone No. Address

Company E-Mail City

State

Zip

PROJECT ID BY NAME(S) Number of entries Number of entries

@ $125.00 initial entry (ALA members) $ $100.00 each additional entry @ $275.00 initial entry (non-ALA members) $ $100.00 each additional entry

2012 Presidential Award Winner: DLR Group Project: Patterson Technology Center, Effingham, IL

Make checks payable to ALA (include check with form)


ECONOMICOUTLOOK

Economic Update by Bernard Markstein, Ph.D., U.S. Chief Economist, Reed Construction Data

Despite significant challenges, the United States economy continues to grow at a moderate pace. One of the major drags on the economy is from reductions in federal government spending. Real (inflation adjusted) gross domestic product (GDP) grew only 0.4% at a seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR) in fourth quarter 2012. Cuts in national defense spending reduced growth by almost 1.3% (a sharp drop in inventories reduced growth even more—1.5%). First quarter 2013 real GDP growth rebounded 2.5% based on preliminary data, with inventory rebuilding adding 1.0% to growth. However, growth in the first quarter would have been in excess of 3% if there had been no reduction in federal government spending—most of which was due to further reductions in national defense spending. Sequestration, which officially began on March 1, is a growing hindrance as the economy struggles forward. Some (if not most) of the reductions in defense spending were undoubtedly made in anticipation of the then upcoming sequestration. Also, it appears that many federal agencies and departments slowed or stopped hiring in anticipation of sequestration. Similarly, in the private sector, many government contractors (both defense and non-defense) also held off hiring and put off any planned investment, unsure of what sequestration would do to their business prospects. Now, furloughs are likely to occur for some government workers, which will mean a reduction in pay for those workers and, consequently, reduced spending by those individuals, a negative for consumer expenditures.

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In the meantime, furloughs of air traffic controllers were quickly reversed by Congress as flight delays began to ripple through the system. Coincidentally, the legislation to roll back the furloughs passed a week before Congress was set to take a late April recess, which is also when many members fly back to their home districts. One positive for the economy is the ongoing recovery in housing. Residential construction is no longer a drag on the economy, but rather a contributor to growth. Residential construction has increased for eight straight quarters—at double digit rates for five of the six past quarters. On the other hand, nonresidential construction has struggled. Seasonally adjusted current dollar (not inflation adjusted) nonresidential building construction spending increased from second quarter 2011 through second quarter 2012. That activity began to falter in the second half of 2012, slipping slightly in the third quarter (down 0.1%) and


advancing only modestly in the fourth quarter (up 0.2%). First quarter 2013’s growth was truly disappointing, down 2.1%. Although these quarterly percentage changes are based on seasonally adjusted data, much of the country suffered from adverse weather that may have amplified the decline in the seasonally adjusted numbers for the first quarter of 2013. These numbers are subject to revision. Nonetheless, they are of concern. Heavy non-building (civil) engineering construction spending followed a somewhat similar pattern. Spending increased from second quarter 2011 through first quarter 2012, was flat in second quarter 2012, and fell in the third quarter (down 0.4%). In an apparent departure from the nonresidential building construction numbers, heavy engineering spending jumped 5.8% in the fourth quarter, and then dropped 4.3% in the first quarter. However, power construction spending surged in the fourth quarter as companies rushed to take advantage of expiring tax credits (subsequently extended with some modifications). The power spending skewed the changes in heavy engineering spending data in fourth and first quarters. Excluding the power spending numbers, heavy engineering spending fell 0.1% in fourth quarter 2012 and fell 2.9% in first quarter 2013.

The economy’s challenges and slow growth will hold down nonresidential construction spending this year. However, there should be improvement in the second half of this year and throughout 2014. The Reed forecast is for total construction spending to increase 4% this year, with nonresidential construction spending up only modestly (+0.3%), heavy engineering increasing 1%, and residential increasing 11%. For 2014, the Reed forecast is for total construction spending to rise 10%, with nonresidential construction spending rising 8%, heavy engineering rising 6%, and residential rising 14%. The U.S. economy and commercial construction face several risks that, if one or more were to occur, would lower the growth forecast and increase the risk of recession: • Failure to provide funding for the federal government by the end of September • Federal debt hits the legal ceiling in the fall with no resolution • Sovereign debt default by one or more major European countries • One or more countries abandon the euro • Significantly higher oil prices (roughly 50% a barrel or higher) for a sustained period (two months or longer)

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ADAADVICE

What is an Exterior Area for Assisted Rescue? by Kimberly Paarlberg, RA, Staff Architect ICC

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Safe evacuation for occupants of a building is one of the primary emphases of the International Building and Fire Codes (IBC and IFC). Chapter 10 of the IBC addresses requirements for building elements used during an evacuation. The fire and safety evacuation plans (IFC Section 404) indicates the plan for how the evacuation will be carried out. Both include specific requirements to address the needs of persons who may not be able to use the standard means of egress elements, such as stairways. The means of egress includes three distinct parts — exit access, exit and exit discharge. Exit discharge is defined as “the portion of a means of egress system between the termination of an exit and a public way.” It is when the exit discharge does not provide an accessible route that other alternatives must be considered. For the purpose of this discussion, we will be looking at an example of no accessible route being available at the level of exit discharge from a back door exit to the public way (2012 IBC Section 1007.7.1).


Due to site constraints — such as easements, slopes, ground surfaces, etc., an accessible route from a second exit is not always practical. The option under 2012 IBC Section 1007.7.1 is commonly used on the ground level for the second exit out the back of a building or tenant space. This will be either a singlestory building, or the first level of a multistory building where the secondary exit discharge is inaccessible due to changes in elevation around the building.

kept clear and not turned into storage areas. Persons with disabilities have expressed that they would prefer to be outside and visible, rather than inside during a fire event, even if it were a protected space. Technical criteria for the exterior area of assisted rescue. 2012 IBC Sections 1007.7.3 through 1007.7.6 provide criteria for a safe place to wait temporarily for assistance. These address size, separation/protection, openness and any steps in the route from an exterior area for assisted rescue to grade. Note: If the stair is an exterior exit stairway (i.e., more than a story of vertical travel), the provisions in Section 1007.3 would be applicable. Size – 1007.7.3 The size of an exterior area for assisted rescue is the same as for an interior area of rescue. Basically, the exterior area for assisted rescue must have an enlarged landing area with space for at least one wheelchair for every 200 occupants using that exit. The wheelchair spaces must be located so they do not obstruct the general means of egress. If these spaces are confined by walls, guards or edges, they also must meet the alcove provisions in ICC A117.1 so that persons using wheelchairs can maneuver into the space (see Figure 1007.7.3).

Example 1: A strip mall would have accessible entrances to each tenant in the front (2012 IBC Section 1105.6). Many have service entrances or loading bays across the back, so the second exit door may lead to steps. A ramp for accessible exit discharge could 1) be impractical due to the elevation change, 2) block access to the loading docks, 3) be subject to damage by maneuvering trucks, or 4) have inadequate space on a narrow alley. Example 2: An office building has a second exit that leads to a concrete stoop, and the exit discharge is sloped, is uneven, or may be blocked by snow. A single step is just as impassible for a person using a wheelchair as a series of steps. Providing a sidewalk all the way to the front of the building may not be practical due to adjacent property lines, or that you could be traveling immediately adjacent to a burning building. At this “back exit door,” there is a choice of providing either an interior area of refuge or an exterior area for assisted rescue. Note there is no sprinkler exception for either the interior area of refuge or the exterior area for assisted rescue. The sprinkler exceptions for areas of refuge are associated only with fullstory stairways or elevators between stories. While the interior area of refuge is an option that would provide protection for persons who cannot use the nonaccessible exit discharge, there are cons that support the exterior area of assisted rescue as a better design choice. Typically, the tenants do not like losing usable interior space to an area of refuge, especially in small tenant spaces. The fire department has concerns about interior areas of refuge being

Figure 1007.7.3 – Plan of an exterior area of rescue assistance resistance

Separation – 1007.7.4 The protection provided by an exterior area for assisted rescue would be equivalent to that required for an interior area of refuge. The separation requirements are similar to exterior exit stairways: onehour fireresistancerated walls and 3/4hour protected openings for 10 feet (3048 mm) above and to the sides of the landing (see Sections 1022.7 and 1026.6). The separation requirements address typical rear exit situations of an exterior exit door in a flatwall condition. Other locations may require alternative protection measures to “shield” an exterior area for assisted rescue. The principle of “wing” walls (similar to fire wall extensions) suggests an alternative to 3/4hour opening protectives at dock doors adjacent to an exterior area for assisted rescue. The wing wall must: 1) extend out at least 4 feet from the face of the building, 2) be rated for onehour fire Figure 1007.7.3 – Plan of (continued on page 40)

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ADAADVICE (continued from page 39)

an exterior area of rescue assistance resistance and 3) be located between the unprotected opening and the exterior area for assisted rescue (see Figure 1007.7.3 and 1007.7.4). Note that providing a rescue location 10 feet (3,048 mm) away from an exterior wall does not serve as a viable alternative to a fireresistancerated exterior wall. Persons waiting for assistance must have a minimum level of physical shielding (exterior walls, wing walls or a combination) from a fire in the building.

RESCUE,” with the International Symbol of Accessibility. The approach the code takes for identification of the area of refuge is comparable to the general provisions for identification of exits, including the require-ment for lighting of the signage. Signage with raised letters and braille (stating “EXIT”) is also required adjacent to the door for the benefit of persons with a visual impairment. Instructional signage must be provided at the exterior area for assisted rescue. Instructions should include information on how assistance will be provided at this location. Since each building's means of egress and fire and safety evacuation plans are unique, specific requirements for sign verbiage are not indicated, but will depend on the situation. Remember, all exterior areas of assisted rescue and how they are to be used are included in the fire and safety evacuation plans developed between the building owner/tenant and the fire department. The fire department will know where exterior areas of assisted rescue are located so they can check those areas immediately upon arrival.

Figure 1007.7.4 – Elevation of an exterior area of rescue assistance

Openness – 1007.7.5 The openness criteria for exterior areas of assisted rescue are similar to the requirements for exterior balconies. The purpose is to ensure a person at an exterior area of rescue assistance is not in danger from accumulation of smoke and fumes. The criteria address situations where the rescue area is open to outside air, but a combination of roof overhangs and perimeter walls or guard walls could still trap enough smoke to jeopardize the safety of the occupants. Stairways – 1007.7.6 Any steps that lead from an exterior area for assisted rescue to grade must have a clear width of 48 inches (1,219 mm) measured between handrails. The additional width is to permit adequate room to assist a mobility impaired person down the steps and to a safe location. Signage – 1007.9 and 1007.11 Communication of information is essential for all evacuations plans. Signage enables an occupant to become aware of the exterior area for rescue assistance. The assistance areas must provide signage on or above the door stating “EXTERIOR AREA FOR ASSISTED

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Twoway communication – 1007.6.3 and 1007.8 While twoway communication is required inside an area of refuge system is not required at an exterior area for assisted rescue. Since these are “back door” exits, the chance of inoperation due to vandalism is very high. Visibility at this location, coupled with rescue information on the fire and safety evacuation plan, as well as fire department notification by the sprinkler and fire alarm systems is considered acceptable. Conclusion The 2010 ADA Standard for Accessible Design (otherwise known as the “new ADAAG”), references the 2000 and 2003 IBC for accessible means of egress requirements. Having this alternative to address exits without an accessible exit discharge was part of that evaluation. More recent editions of the IBC are not referenced due to the date at which the provisions were finalized by the federal government (the 2010 ADA standard was completed in 2004). The ICC continues to work to improve provisions in the codes, including accessible means of egress. It is ICC’s opinion that the 2006, 2009, 2012 and 2015 IBC include provisions for accessible means of egress that meet or exceed those found in the 2000 and 2003 IBC. Editor's note: In February Kimberly Paarlberg of the Code Council and Marsha Mazz from the U.S. Access Board gave a joint teleconference on Accessible Mean of Egress. The presentation has been archived and can be viewed online. ICC was very excited about this opportunity to work with the Access Board and the ADA National Network to improve education and compliance for accessibility requirements. This article originally appeared in the April 2013 issue of the Building Safety Journal Online, copyright International Code Council, and is reprinted with permission.


CONTRIBUTEDARTICLE

Are You Protecting Your Most Valuable Asset? by George M. Silfugarian, CFP

our ability to work and earn a living is your most valuable asset. Most of your income is earned income. When you stop working, your income stops. When protecting your most valuable asset, you should ask yourself, "How long could I live on my savings if my income stopped this very second?" It's shocking that many people in the richest nation in the world are within six weeks of personal bankruptcy. Your chances of becoming disabled are high. If you're currently between the ages of 25 and 45, your chances of becoming disabled for at least 90 days are greater than one in three1. Statistics show the longer a disability, the less likely the person will return to work. The logical solution has been to buy some form of disability income protection coverage through your insurance agent. Like most forms of insurance, disability income has its own language. To make sure you choose the kind and amount of coverage you need, here are some suggestions to consider when shopping for disability income policies. • Consider buying a policy that is guaranteed to be renewable and can only be canceled if you fail to pay the premiums. You purchase insurance to make sure you get a specific result. Always buy quality coverage from a reputable carrier. Also, with a non-cancelable policy, premium rates can not be raised at anytime for as long as you own the policy. Your rates will never go up. • Look at the definition of disability. When you buy disability coverage, you are actually buying the insurance company's definition of disability. There are three basic definitions:

■ Presumptive Disability: If your sickness or injury results in the loss of your eyesight, power of speech, hearing, use of both hands, both feet or one hand and one foot, then most insurance companies will consider you totally disabled. Not only that, but many companies will waive the elimination period and you could start receiving your benefits immediately. ■ Occupational Disability: You'll want to avoid insurance policies that have an "any occupation" definition. If the policy pays only if the insured is unable to perform any occupation that reasonably fits, then his/her chances of getting paid are small. You want a disability policy that considers you disabled if you can not do the substantial and material duties of your regular occupation. ■ Partial, Residual and Income Loss: You hurt your back because you fall off a chair changing a light bulb or you lose time from work for a stress-related illness. In these situations, it's likely you would not be totally disabled. Look for a policy that will pay a proportional benefit if you have a partial or residual loss of income. Many definitions of disability are concerned with your ability to work part-time and do all of your regular duties; or coming to work fulltime and only being able to do part of your regular duties. You need to be thorough in reviewing any clauses. To resolve this confusion, several major insurance companies have adopted loss of income provisions. These basically say that if your sickness or injury causes you to lose 20 percent of your income, you're considered disabled. These companies generally agree that if your income loss is 75 percent or more, you're totally disabled. 1 Commissioners Individual Disability Table B - Equally Weighted 30 Day Elimination Period

(continued on page 42)

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CONTRIBUTEDARTICLE (continued from page 41)

• Once you find a satisfactory definition of disability, look for other provisions that fit your needs. Some questions you may want to ask are: ■ How long should my disability benefits last? This depends on your age, income and cash position. Usually the shortest benefit period is two years. Other plans pay for five years or to age 65. Many people purchase coverage that lasts until age 65. If you can't afford age 65 coverage, buy the longest benefit period you can afford. Many companies will allow you to upgrade coverage if your health is good.

wide variety of COLA riders. Some are fixed rates, others are based on the CPI-U. Some are calculated on a simple basis, others on a compound basis. Determining which you buy should be based on your age, your income and your length of time to retirement. ■ What else should I look for? Most high-quality policies contain a rehabilitation clause. No matter how good your disability policy may be, it is not a substitute for your ability to work and earn a living. Insurance companies are interested in getting you back to work, and will often help you get rehabilitated. Some policies limit the amount of money paid for rehabilitation and some are based on a mutual agreement. Make sure you read the fine print and understand the insurance company's responsibilities and yours.

“When you stop working, your income stops. When protecting your most valuable asset, you should ask yourself, "How long could I live on my savings if my income stopped this very second?" It's shocking that many people in the richest nation in the world are within six weeks of personal bankruptcy.

■ How long must I wait to receive benefits? Companies have various elimination periods ---the period of time after you're sick or injured before benefits begin to accrue. The elimination period can be as short as 30 days or as long as one year. The shorter the elimination period, the more expensive your policy will be. Many people choose either a 90- or 180- day elimination period. Your elimination period should consider your savings and your assets.

■ How does my disability policy meet inflation? Quality disability insurance companies offer cost of living agreement (COLA) riders. These riders increase your monthly disability benefit during disability to help keep pace with inflation when disabled, based on the Consumer Price Index-Urban (CPI-U). Companies offer a

• Find a knowledgeable insurance agent. When looking for an individual disability income insurance policy, you should find a knowledgeable insurance agent, especially one who specializes in your profession. He or she should know and understand professional disability product lines from all of the major companies and available association coverages. • Don't be afraid to ask for sample policies. Make sure you read them. In insurance, only what is in the policy applies. Like other financial products and services, review and update your disability plan annually. Remember, insuring your income could be the most important thing you ever do. Even though a disability may leave you unable to earn an income, purchasing a disability income policy helps protect your ability to meet your financial obligations! For more information, contact: George M. Silfugarian, CFP Financial Security Group 630.874.6751 george@financialsecuritygroup.net

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LEGALISSUES (continued from page 8)

The arbitrator ruled in favor of the design firm, awarding it every dime of its unpaid fee. In doing so, he specifically found that the parties had agreed to the estimated construction cost verbally put forth by the architect. He further found that, because the owner did not timely object to any of the architect’s invoices, i.e., no objection was raised until the architect demanded arbitration, that therefore the owner had waived any objection to the estimated construction cost which, again, one could determine simply by taking into account the total fee and the percentage complete set forth on each such invoice. Undaunted, the owner went to court to try to have the arbitrator’s ruling overturned. In court, the owner asserted that the arbitrator had “amended” the parties’ contract by awarding the architect its fee based on an estimate, as opposed to actual construction costs as contemplated by the contract. It further argued that, in doing so, “amending” the contract, he had exceeded his powers. This was particularly ironic because, again, it was the owner which had argued to the arbitrator that he should ignore the contract and award damages based on the “equitable” value of the architect’s work. Taken at face value, the owner was trying to convince the court that the architect was not entitled to bill anything whatsoever because there was never any construction. Basically, the architect should have worked for free, kind of like on a contingency basis, until the actual cost of construction was determined, presumably after final completion of the project. Of course, that “theory” could not even be reconciled with the owner’s own action in making the one progress payment that it did make. In any event, and further taking the owner’s position at face value, its interpretation of the fee provision would mean that an owner would be free to stop the project at any point prior to construction, and owe the architect nothing, at least under the contract. The architect would take all of the risk, and would be paid only if the owner decided to proceed. Otherwise, the architect could try to convince either an arbitrator or a court to, in “equity,” order some limited payment, certainly nowhere near as much as what was contemplated at the time the architect signed the contract, and certainly nowhere near as much as what had rightfully been earned. At the end of the day, the court rejected the owner’s various arguments and confirmed the arbitrator’s award. Eventually, the architect, our client, was paid. While the story has a happy ending, it also provides some important lessons when it comes to these kinds of percentage of cost of construction payment provisions. For starters, it is important to make certain that the contract provides a “backup plan” for determining construction cost all throughout the project, before even construction begins. It is

altogether possible that, without the AIA commentary quoted above, the case herein described could have come out differently. Parties should also take care to make sure that the terminology used, e.g., “construction cost,” as opposed to “Cost of the Work,” be consistent. Had the contract at issue simply used the defined term, “Cost of the Work,” rather than the undefined term, “construction cost,” the owner would not have been able even to try to sow confusion over whether, or to what extent, the two differed from each other. Thirdly, when it comes to estimating, architects should do so in writing, and to the owner, so that there can be no dispute about what that figure is. Furthermore, that estimated amount should be plainly set forth on the architect’s invoices so that anyone picking them up can immediately see upon what the fee is based. From a more general standpoint, and depending on the project, serious consideration should be given to utilizing an alternative fee arrangement, e.g., lump sum. There are reasons, some better than others, to make use of the percentage of the cost of construction approach. However, the downsides are not insignificant and, in a recession, all the more pronounced and likely to manifest. Finally, even if the initial contract calls for payment determined by a percentage of the construction cost, architects would be well served to, at the appropriate time, propose converting to a lump-sum fee. Doing so would require an amendment to the contract, but the owner certainly has a mutual interest in determining a specific, bottom-line amount that it will have to pay out at the end of the day. The appropriate time might be as soon as the design has been approved, when both sides can have a real degree of confidence in knowing what is the scope of the project. Regardless, removing the inherent uncertainty built into any contract which bases the design professional’s fee on what the project ends up costing to build is in the interests of both parties.

“Defendant’s contention apparently is that “construction cost” should be read to mean the amount it actually paid out toward the construction of the project, which is nothing at all.”

1

The contract further provided that payments “on account of services rendered and for Reimbursable Expenses incurred shall be made monthly upon presentation of the Architect’s statement of services.”

2

Stark v. Roussey & Assocs., Inc., 25 Ill. App. 3d 659, 323 N.E.2d 826 (1 Dist. 1975).

Shawn E. Goodman • SABO & ZAHN, LLC 401 North Michigan Ave. • Suite 2050 • Chicago, Illinois 60611 (312) 655-8620 • Fax: (312) 655-8622 Website: www.sabozahn.com • Email: sgoodman@sabozahn.com

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ALA 2013 Architecture Conference and Product Show Tuesday, October 22nd • 8:00 AM – 5:00 PM Drury Lane Conference Center • Oakbrook Terrace, Illinois

Keynote Presenter: Mr. Kai-Uwe Bergmann Partner at BIG - Bjarke Ingels Group We are excited to announce Kai-Uwe Bergmann, Partner at BIG - Bjarke Ingels Group a Copenhagen-based architecture firm as our keynote speaker for the 2013 Architecture Conference and Product Show. A talented architect and businessman, Kai-Uwe heads up BIG’s business development which currently operates in over 10 countries. Bergmann is registered as an architect in the United States, UK, and Denmark. Kai-Uwe is well-prepared to speak on the topic "Yes Is More", a design philosophy that brings a positive approach to the design of buildings and cities we inhabit. It also represents a determination to the masses, with all the humor and fun involved in the adventure of architecture. This keynote address will demonstrate how BIG has applied "Yes is More" design philosophy to their practice and their work with clients. BIG has created a reputation for completing buildings that are as programmatically and technically innovative as they are cost and resource conscious. BIG’s recently completed projects include The Danish Pavilion at the Shanghai World Expo and The 8 House, which was named Best Housing project at the World Architecture Festival in Barcelona. The firm recently received the National AIA Honor Award and Wall Street Journal’s Innovator of the Year Prize. Projects currently underway in North America include the New York City based 600 unit West 57th Tower and the forthcoming Kimball Art Center in Park City, Utah.

Exhibitors (as of 5/17/13) Abatron, Inc. ALCOA-Reynobond-Reynolux All About Access Amerimix Ameristar Fence Products Andersen Windows, Inc. ARC Imaging Resources CertainTeed CETCO Chicagoland Roofing Council Chicago Plastering Institute Chicago Regional Council of Carpenters Cook County Lumber CPI Daylighting, Inc. Cosella-Dorken Products, Inc. Custom Building Products

Daltile Doors For Builders, Inc. Dow Building Solutions Dupont Tyvek/Parksite NexGen Building Supply Financial Security Group Fox Valley Associated General Contractors Henry Company Hoover Treated Wood Products, Inc. Huber Engineered Woods InPro Corporation International Masonry institute Ingersoll Rand Security Technologies Illinois Brick Company Konica Minolta Business Solutions, U.S.A., Inc.

LiveRoof, LLC. Locinox USA LP Building Products M.G. Welbel & Associates Major Industries, Inc. Marvin Windows and Doors MasterGraphics, Inc. Metl-Span Moen Incorporated Morin Corporation Mortar Net USA, Ltd. Northfield, an Oldcastle Company NSG Group-Pilkington North America Pella Windows & Doors, Inc. PerMar, Ltd.

Pittco Architectural Metals, Inc. PPG Industries, Inc. Prosoco, Inc. Rauch Clay Sales Corp. Raynor Garage Door Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc. SPEC MIX/QUIKRETE Chicago Tesko Custom Metal The Sherwin Williams Company Tremco Barrier Solutions TOTO USA, Inc. USP Structural Connectors Tubelite, Inc. Water Furnace International Weyerhaeuser W.R. Meadows, Inc.

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CHAPTERNEWS ALAWISCONSIN

ALA Wisconsin April Meeting On Thursday, April 25, 2013, ALA-Wisconsin held their CLT is an environmentally friendly product as it begins with monthly meeting and received a presentation on Cross lumber produced through sustainably managed forests with the Laminated Timber from Archie Landreman, North Central finished product created by applied engineering methods. It Regional Director of WoodWorks -Design & Construction. can be used in multiple ways and has enjoyed much success in The 20 members in attendance were introduced to this new Europe and in Canada for commercial and residential engineered lumber concept by Archie who has spent his applications. Examples of multi-story buildings up to nine entire career in the wood and structural component industry. stories in height are achieved with CLT. Each of the projects He is well versed in the lumber business, having held highlighted in Archie's presentation spoke to the fact that numerous sales and management positions and possesses an architects will have another "green" building product that is a acute knowledge of the engineered wood products industry. viable and lower carbon alternative to concrete and steel. Besides being a valuable consultant that any one of us may contact by simply calling him at 262- 497-5550, he is an ALA Affiliate and contributing board member of ALA Wisconsin. Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) is comprised of layers of wood strips laid up perpendicular (crosswise) to subsequent layers to form a bi-directional load carrying building element. Layers are either glued or nailed. Typical panels are 3, 5 or 7 layers and some of the layers can be doubled in one direction for higher strength. Panels are fabricated in a variety of thicknesses typically 3" up to 18"and widths from 4 feet to 10 feet and Members of ALA Wisconsin met for a presentation on Cross Laminated Timber lengths up to 60 feet. presented by Archie Landreman of WoodWorks.

ALAILLINOIS March Program: Masonry Madness at the International Masonry Institute ALA Executive Director Joanne Sullivan presents Chris Coyne, ALA, of Leopardo Companies, with a certificate of appreciation for his presentation on the Hanover Park Police Station.

April Program: Codes and Standards Workshop ALA Director Rick Gilmore, FALA thanked presenter Kelly Reynolds for an informative and lively seminar on the 2012 IBC Codes held in Schaumburg, IL.

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ALA President Jeff Budgell, FALA and Ray Urick, ALA examine one of the many displays during a guided tour at the Masonry Madness event held at the International Masonry Institute.


ALAILLINOIS May Program: Tour and Case Study of the Rush University Medical Center in Chicago Our sponsor, Mike Cook and John Pierson from Carstens, showed their newest and popular products for medical solutions.

Shown here on the Rush Medical rooftop garden are: Carol Wisniewski, ALA; Rob Mills, ALA; Joanne Sullivan, Executive Director of ALA; Bernard Chung of Perkins + Will; Ann Barreca and Jeff Whyte, ALA.

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Many thanks to Jim Zajac, AIA and John Moorhead of Perkins + Will who led our tour groups and shared their successes and challenges through a case study of this LEED Gold, state-of-theart hospital.

ROBERT D. ZANK, ALA Licensed Architect 10 Year ALA Professional Member

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