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The World’s Story A History of the World in Story, Song and Art Volume 20 Africa Edited by Eva March Tappan

Libraries of Hope


The World’s Story A History of the World In Story, Song and Art Volume 20 Africa Copyright © 2020 by Libraries of Hope, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher. International rights and foreign translations available only through permission of the publisher. The World’s Story, A History of the World in Story, Song and Art, edited by Eva March Tappan. (Original copyright 1914) Cover Image: Dido Building Carthage, by J.M.W. Turner (1815). In public domain, source Wikimedia Commons. Libraries of Hope, Inc. Appomattox, Virginia 24522 Website www.librariesofhope.com Email: librariesofhope@gmail.com Printed in the United States of America


CONTENTS NORTHERN AFRICA I. LEGENDARY HISTORY AND THE STORY OF CARTHAGE ULYSSES IN THE LA:ID OF THE LOTUS-EATERS (TRIPOLI)

Homer

From "The Odyssey of Homer"; translated by George Palmer IENEAS AT CARTHAGE

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Virgil

4

Gustave Flaubert

16

Alfre,d 1. Church

25

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From "The tEneid of Virgil"; translated by William Morris.

THE CUTTING OF THE AQUEDUCT

From "Salammbo."

THE FALL OF CARTHAGE

From "Lords of the World." II.

3

H.

LIFE AND CUSTOMS IN NORTHERN AFRICA

How THE BARBARY PIRATES LEARNED TO RESPECT THE AMERICAN FLAG

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John Bach .McJ.faster

39

T. II. Weir

47

. •

F,dmondo de Amicis F,dmondo de Amicis

57 63

.

George E. Thompson

74

From "History of the People of the United States." TRADITIONS OF THE SHEIKHS OF l\loRocco

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.

.

From "The Sheikhs of Morocco in the Sixteenth Century."

MOROCCO LAW . . • ONE DAY IN MOROCCO

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• .

• .

From "Morocco, its People and Places."

THE GREAT .MARKET OF TRIPOLI

From "Life in Tripoli."

III. THE MYST ERY OF THE DESERT

Gilbert Watson Gilbert TVatson Gilbert Watson

THE HOUR OF PRAYER IN THE DESERT THE OASIS OF THE GREAT-GRAKDFATHER THE l\!USIC OF THE DESERT

From "The Voice of the South."

81 88 96

WESTERN AND CENTRAL AFRICA I.

UNVEILING THE DARK CONTINENT

WRITING A CHAR:lt . . A ZEALOUS MISSIONARY •

. .

. •

. .

.

Mungo Park Mungo Park

113 115

Anne Manning Rathbone

118

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.

From "Life and Travels of Mungo Park."

A VISIT TO KING MOSELEKATSE

From "Heroes of the Desert."

.


CONTENTS David THE l\IooNTAIN WITH SEVERAL CAVES • Dai•id A l\lAGIC LANTERN IN AFRICA David THE ELECTRIC WI:-.-U OF THE DESERT . THE l\lERlIAN l\IISSIONARY • • . David From "l\Iissionary Travels in South Africa." How I FOUND LIVL'<GSTONE Sir Henry From "How I found Livingstone."

Livingstone Livingstone Livingstone Livingstone

126 128 129 131

M. Stanley 133

II. ADVENTURES IN THE AFRICAN JUNGLE THE VILLAGE OF DWARFS • • • . From "The Country of the Dwarfs."

Paul du Clwi llu

141

Paul du Chai llu 163 CROSSING AN AFRICAN BRIDGE CONSULTING THE l\IAN IN THE l\loON Paul du Chai //u 168 Du CHAILLU THE FIRST, KING OF THE APING! Paul du Chaillu 172 From "Lost in the Jungle."

SOUTH AFRICA Anthony Trollope THE DIAl!O�-U FIELDS OF SOOTH AFRICA From "South Africa." . Juli an Ralph A l\IODERN BATTLEFIELD From "Towards Pretoria." IN THE SOUTH AFRICAN ARlIY Gustav Frenssen Gustav Frensscn Anv AXCING UPON THE ENEMY From "Peter Moor's Journey to Southwest Africa."

ii

179 200 207 217


NORTHERN AFRICA I LEGENDARY HISTORY AND THE STORY OF CARTHAGE


HISTORICAL NOTE to legend one Pygmalion of Tyre murdered the husband of his sister Dido. By this crime he had e:),,_-pected to become master of the vast wealth of his brother-in-law; but Dido, seizing her husband's treasure, fled with many followers to northern Africa, near where Tunis now stands. She asked the nati\·es for as much land as a byrsa, that is, a bull's hide, would inclose. They agreed, and the wily Phccnicians cut the hide into strips, and upon the ground which these could be stretched to inclose they built a citadel and named it Byrsa in memory of the act. This was the beginning of Carthage, which became the greatest city of northern Africa. It is thought to have been founded about ACCORDING

826 B.C.

While the city was yet young, lEneas and his companions, refugees from the downfall of Troy, landed on the Cartha­ ginian coast and were received by Queen Dido with all honor. When, after enjoying her hospitality for many months, /Eneas refused her hand and sailed away in search of the Hesperian Kingdom which had been promised him by the gods, Dido threw herself upon a funeral pile, and there met her death. Such is the early story of Carthage, a mingling of fact and legend. The wonderful growth of the city is not legend, however; for it not only extended its dominions in northern Africa, but also won holdings in Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, and Spain. Its greatness aroused the jealousy of Rome, and in 146 n.c., after three bitter wars, it was leveled with the ground. Julius C.£sar planned to restore it; and this plan was carried out by Augustus in 29 B.C. The new city became large and prosperous. In 439 A.D. it was made the capital of the kingdom of the Vandals, but was conquered by Belisa­ rius a century later. In 647 the Arabs destroyed it, and now only a few ruins remain.


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The World's Story Volume 20: Africa  

The World's Story Volume 20: Africa