__MAIN_TEXT__
feature-image

Page 1


The World’s Story A History of the World in Story, Song and Art Volume 12 China, Korea Edited by Eva March Tappan

Libraries of Hope


The World’s Story A History of the World In Story, Song and Art Volume 12 China, Korea Copyright © 2020 by Libraries of Hope, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher. International rights and foreign translations available only through permission of the publisher. The World’s Story, A History of the World in Story, Song and Art, edited by Eva March Tappan. (Original copyright 1914) Cover Image: Dschingis Khan, by Rashid al-Din (1430). In public domain, source Wikimedia Commons. Libraries of Hope, Inc. Appomattox, Virginia 24522 Website www.librariesofhope.com Email: librariesofhope@gmail.com Printed in the United States of America


CONTENTS CHINA I. IN THE EARLIEST DAYS

Confucius SHUN OF Yu, WHO CONTROLLED THE FLOODS From"The Shoo King, or Book of Historical Documents." II. CONFUCIUS A ND

ms

3

AGE

THE STORY OF CONFUCIUS . . • . • . • A VISIT TO A TEMPLE OF CONFUCIUS . . . From"Confucius and the Chinese Classics." SOlIE OF THE PROVERBS OF CONFUCIUS . . MANNERS AND CusTOlIS OF CoNFucms's DAY From "The Oldest and the Newest Empire." S. MENCIUS . . . . . . . . • From "The Middle Kingdom." A STORY OF MENCIUS PROVERBS OF MENCIUS •

A. W. Loomis A. W. Loomis

19

13

Confucius William Speer

25

Wells Williams

34

Unknown Mencius

36 37

23

III. TIMES OF CHANGE AND CONFUSION THE STRENUOUS REIGN OF HoANGTI Charles Giitzlajf From"A Sketch of Chinese History Ancient and l\Iodern." THE RuLE OF THE HANS . . . . . . . William Speer From "The Oldest and the Newest Empire." THE THREE RELIGIONS • . . . • . • W. A. P. Martin From"The Lore of Cathay." . . Chuang Tzu DREAM AND REALITY, A BUDDHIST STORY Unknown MOLAN, THE l\lAIDEN CHIEF • . . . . From"The Chinese, their Education, Philosophy, and Letters," by W. A. P. l\Iartin. THE PRODIGAL EMPEROR, WANG-TI • • • Rounsevelle Wildman From "China's Open Door."

41 49 55 58

59 62


CONTENTS IV. THE AUGUSTAN AGE TAI•TSONG THE GooD . . . . From "The Oldest and the Newest Empire." THE ROLE OF THE EllPRESS Wu S. From "History of China." THE FOUNDING OF HANLIN" COLLEGE THE BINDING OF FEET . . . . PRINTING . From "The Oldest and the Newest Empire."

William Speer

67

Wells W i lliams

70

William Speer William Speer William Speer

75

72

77

V. THE COlUNG OF THE TARTARS THE TARTARS A?l.'D THEIR COSTOlIS . . Marco Polo From "The Book of Sir Marco Polo, the Venetian," translated and edited by Sir Henry Yule. . Archibald Little THE CHINESE THEATER . From "The Nineteenth Century and After," June, 1902. Unknou�, THE SORROWS OF HAN . . . . JENGHIZ KHAN, THE "PERFECT WARRIOR" D. Pelis de la Croix D. Petis de la Croix JENGHIZ KHAN CAPTURES PEKING From "History of Jenghiz Khan �he Great." THE DIRGE OF JENGHIZ KHAN Unknown

81

87 90 94 97

99

VI . STORIES OF THE GREAT KHAN THE PALACE OF THE GREAT KHAN IN CAlIBALOC (PEKING) Marco Polo 103 Marco Polo 107 How THE GREAT KHAN ATE HIS DINNER Marco Polo 110 How K0BLAI KHAN WENT A·H0!\'TING How THE KHAN SENT HIS l\IESSAGES . . Marco Polo n5 C/z11a11g Tzri 120 THE KING'S l\'lESSENGER THE POLOS TEACH THE KHAN HOW TO CAPTuRE A CITY Marco Polo 121 A CHINESE CITY AT THE END OF THE THIRTEENTH CENTURY JIarco Polo 1 24 All of the above selections, except "The King's Messenger," are from "The Book of Sir :Marco Polo, the Venetian," translated and edited by Sir Henry Yule. VII. CHINESE FABLES AND TALES TaE Boy PHILOSOPHER U11kmr,1m 135 THE ELIXIR OF LIFE . Unknown 136 From "Lea,•es from l\iy Chinese Scrapbook," by Fred�ric Henry Balfour. ii


CONTENTS U11known THE TIGER AND THE MONKEY From"The Chinese, their Education, Philosophy, and Letters," by \V. A. P. Martin. \VAS HE THE ONLY CHEAT? . Unknown Lady Chang THE APPEAL OF LADY CHANG From"Gems of Chinese Literature," by Herbert A. Giles. THE SOUL OF THE GREAT BELL Lafcadio IIeam From"Some Chinese Ghosts."

137 138 140 142

VIII. THE COMING OF THE MISSIONARIES AN ENTERPRISING MISSIONARY Jolm of Corvino From "Two Thousand Years of Missions," by Lemuel Call Barnes. Mendez Pinto THE \V OMAN WITH THE CROSS From "The Voyages and Adventures of Ferdinand Mendez Pinto." THE \VORSHIP OF ANCESTORS . W. A. P. Martin From "The Lore of Cathay." TEACHING SCIENCE TO THE E'.'.IPEROR . Pere du IIaide . Pere du IIaide THE EMPEROR AND THE MUSICIAN . THE l\fAN WHO WAS AFRAID OF BECOMING A HORSE Pere du IIaide From "A General History of China." How THE BoNzEs GOT THE DucKs . Pere le Comte A VISIT TO A LAMA . Pere Gerbil/on From "The Travels of Father Gerbillon, Jesuit and French Missionary, into Tartary."

151 153 157 159 167 170 172 173

IX. THE FIRST TWO CENTURIES OF MANCHU RULE THE CO:\IING OF THE KALMUCKS Thomas de Quincey From "The Flight of a Tartar Tribe." CHINESE PUNISHMENTS . . . . . • . Pere dn IIalde From "A General History of China." WHY THE CHINAMAN WEARS A QUEUE . William Elliot Griffis From "China's Story." How THE CHINESE RECEIVED THE FIRST ENGLISH AMBASSADOR Charles Giitzla[! From "A Sketch of Chinese History." OPIUM-EATERS . . William Speer A "BOSTON TEA-PARTY" IN CHINA . William Speer WHAT THE CHINESE THOUGHT ABOUT THE ENGLISH Unknown From "The Oldest and the Newest Empire." Ill

181 185 193 195 199 200 203


CONTENTS How THE "ARROW \VAR" BEGAN

JV. A. P. Martin

204

RECEIVING mE YELLOW JACKET

A. Eg111011t Hake

207

From"A Cycle of Cathay."

From"Events in the Taiping Rebellion." X.

LANGUAGE,

SCHOOLS, AND EXAMINATIONS

Pere du Balde Pere du Balde

213

How CHINESE CHILDREN LEARN TO Ri!AD \VHEN I WENT TO ScHOOL IN CHINA

Ya,1 Phou L ee

220

Unk nown Robertson Scott. • • W. A. P. Martin

228

THE MANDARIN LANGUAGE

From"A General History of China."

From" When I was a Boy in China."

A CHILD'S FIRST LESSONS.

From"The People of China," by

J. W.

CIVIL SERVICE ExAM!NATIONS rN CHINA

QUESTIONS FROM A CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATION

From"The Chinese, their Education, Philosophy and Letters." XL

216

229 237

IN RECENT YEARS

WAR BETWEEN CHlNA AND JAPAN

From" A Cycle of Cathay."

W. A. P. Martin

241

Yao Chen-yuan

245

"Pierre Loti"

255

THE ADVENTURES OF YAO CHEN-YUAN

From" Chinese Heroes," by Isaac Headland.

WHEN THE ALLIES ENTERED PEKING

From "The Last Days of Pekin."

.

A DIPL0l!ATIC CORRESPONDENCE IlETWEEN mE UNITED STATES AND CHINA • • • • THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA

From "The Outlook," February

263 267

24 1 1912.

KOREA WHEN HIDEYOSHI INVADED KOREA

From"The Passing of Korea."

IV

Home, B. Hulbert 273


3


4


5


6


7


8


9


13


14


15


16


17


18


19


20


21


22


23


24


25


26


27


28


29


30


31


32


33


34


35


36


37


41


42


43


44


45


46


47


48


49


50


51


52


55


56


57


58


59


60


61


62


63


64


67


68


69


70


71


72


73


74


75


76


77


81


82


83


84


85


86


87


88


89


90


91


92


93


94


95


96


97


98


99


103


104


105


106


107


108


109


110


111


112


113


114


115


116


117


118


119


120


121


122


123


124


125


126


127


128


129


130


135


136


137


138


139


140


141


142


143


144


145


146


147


148


151


152


153


154


155


156


157


158


159


160


161


162


163


164


165


166


167


168


169


170


171


172


173


174


175


176


177


181


182


183


184


185


186


187


188


189


190


193


194


195


196


197


198


199


200


201


202


203


204


205


206


207


208


209


213


214


215


216


217


218


219


220


221


222


223


224


225


226


227


228


229


230


231


232


233


234


235


236


237


241


242


243


244


245


246


247


248


249


250


251


252


253


254


255


256


257


258


259


260


261


262


263


264


265


266


267


273


274


275


276


277


278


279


280


281


282


283

Profile for Libraries of Hope

The World's Story Volume 12: China, Korea  

The World's Story Volume 12: China, Korea  

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded