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SPIN

Development Portfolio


00 Hypothesis 01 Research 02 Idea and Concept 03 Concept Development 04 Work in Progress 05 Product Development 06 1:1 Product Model 07 Final Model Presentation 08 Technical Drawing


I have wrote in the text my design thought process ad verbatim. It is deliberately left unfiltered and unprocessed. I wanted to show the raw thinking of what I felt during each stage and how I was directed into my final design.


Around 42% of bulky waste collected, which equates to about 670,000 tonnes, consist of furniture disposed by householders in UK annually.

Can design help prevent future furniture waste? Designing a furniture that creates an attachment to the user. By using modular design, it allows user to be more interactive* with the product. As a result, furnitures are being much more emotionally attachment which in turns allows furniture to have a longer life expectancy aiding the issue of preventing future furniture waste. * interaction with the product are ways to allow user to customise and personalise their furniture. The target audience chosen are for millennials and young adults. This controls the limit of the product’s price range and accessibility towards the user.

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Consumerism is the personal journey of oneself towards a improved self image over time. One of the main reasons furniture waste in London occurs is due to the consumerism. Consumerism is inevitable. Consumer purchased because they want to improve their lifestyle, they want to shape their life towards what they think is right for them. Results from my hypothesis shows that one of the key ways to prevent furniture waste was looking into emotional attachment towards product. Emotional attachment can be formed by many different ways. One of them is the key to interact with the product. Interaction is based on product being physically controlled or customised by the user to fit towards its image.

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Research Primary

Having targeted millennial as my audience, I focused on student’s workspace in their home as it would be one of the most interactive or used furniture in their room. I decided to gain some insights looking at student table’s and found quite a few interesting points.

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Alex

Archie

Beatrice

Ester

Lan

Laura

Lucy

Marcus

Marlen


Research Primary

Tables are mostly faced against the wall beside a window. The bigger the table, the larger amount of items placed on it. This only creates more mess in the near future when user starts to buy more things. Users who have shelves above or below seems to have more space on their work table.

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Marvin

Nicholas

Oskar

Preaw

Stephanie

Tae Heon

Toby

Tom

Zack


Research Secondary Therefore, through my research on products, I looked into modular items. As modularity allows customisation and personalisation. Looking into the current modular products, Lego was the first modular toy brick children has been playing for many decades. Kids love to play with them as it allows them to be creative and explore the potential of simple modular bricks. Lego encourages customising to anything a child wants to make. It allows them to form into any toy they want, it could be said it is an all-in-one toy. Project Ara, currently owned by Google, was used as an inspiration of why it had so much potential to revolutionise current phone models to a stage where it has been stopped due to funding and change of design teams over the few years.

Modularity allows customisation and personalisation.

Lego. (2017) Lego Grand Opening.

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Google. (2013) Project Ara. Modular Smartphone.


A modular furniture piece which allows easy installation and disassembly without any hassle.

Rams, D. (1960) 606 Universal Shelving System. Modular Shelving System.

The following two precedents, were a little more related to the area I was looking forward to. Vitsoe’s Universal Shelving System 606 was one of the longest standing modular furniture. The core of 606 Shelving System is an aluminium E track and the work of a pin to lock the shelves to the track panel. It requires zero tools to do any reconfiguration of the shelves. It is a modular furniture piece which allows customisation, easy installation and disassembly without any hassle.

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Strinning System (on the right) was designed by Nils Strinning in 1949. Strinning came up with this design as he felt there was no reason to over complicated the supports and brackets for the shelves. String System consist of lookalike ladder wire panels made of metal and a wide range of shelves to allow you to build your own.

Strinning, N. (1949) String System. Modular Shelving System.


Idea 1 Portable System

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Keywords Furniture Portable Collapsible Fodable

Difficulty in achieving the method when applied to a thin yet long piece of board.

Inspired by David Warther making basswood pliers, using a single piece of wood and using only ten insertion to create a plier. This portable table will be focus on its legs where trying to achieved the method Warther used. It will allow the legs to be collapsed, resulting in creating a portable compact table.

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Idea 2 Sliding System

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Keywords Furniture Expansion Sliding Mechanism Movable

Issue of complexity

Inspired by small houses where the interior design look into using sliding furniture to create different space and how it uses space well. It was looked into how a standard cabinet has it original compartments however if consumer starts to have more items, it could be expanded to store more items. Future : Issues with complexity. How can we reduced material to make product much more affordable and easy to build.

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Idea 3 Concept 1

Collapse Collapsible System --

Keywords Furniture Expansion Collapsible Portable Fodable

Issue with strength of the legs and how much weight can it hold.

Inspired by Elena Bompani’s flexible furniture system, I looked at how we could make furniture easier to be transported around even just by carrying on your bag. This concept focused on the legs of the shelving of how it is collapsible. It is suitable for outdoor and indoor activities.

Future : Issues with strength of the legs and how much weight can it hold. Looking into paper origami and material exploration.

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Idea 4 Concept 2

Stack Modular Furniture System

Inspired by 3+ collection by Oskar Zieta, where perforated steel plates were used in his collection. The use of perforated plates were not use to its fullest potential. This concept is based around using the design of peroration on to wooden boards to allow customisation using wooden legs to allow it to be playful.

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Keywords Modular Furniture Customisation Expansion Design for Disassembly

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Future : Creating a whole furniture system where creating different board lengths to allow more variations and further looking into how this could be develop into chairs and table to form a furniture family.


Idea 5 Concept 3 Chosen

Spin Pivot System --

Keywords Furniture Customisation Pivot Mechanism Semi Permanent

Inspired by small houses where the interior design looks into using pivoting walls to create different space. The chosen concept was mainly focused on the pivoting mechanism where there are boards attached to the main rod and allows the boards to rotate 360 degrees to allow user to access all their items within reach.

Future : Issues with stability as having weight concentrated at one point might tilt the rod over unless it is attached permanently to the walls. Looking into dentist equipment and bicycle clamps. Creating it a little more organic.

Issue of stability as having weight concentrated at one point might tilt the rod over

02


Concept Development Sketches

A larger footprint for the base allows the weight of the based to be lighter, vice versa.

Focusing on Spin as my chosen concept, the biggest issue was to design a more stable unit. I started looking at different methods of creating a stronger unit. Counter balancing was looked upon , having a weighted ball at the back of each shelves help divert the centre of gravity allowing the long shelve (table) to be able to stand without falling over. However, any pressure put upon it, the table top will still topple over unless the weighted ball is heavy enough to counter balance any weight put on it. This becomes a huge issue of the price of furniture. This increases the price of the furniture due to the amount of weight needed. This becomes less affordable to my target audiences.

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Concept Development Sketches Exploring further, variations of bases were looked into with external legs to prevent the table from tipping over. As it was designed, having a larger footprint for the base allows the weight of the based to be lighter, vice versa. Different types of base were experimented. Ranging from a flat base leading up to a five point base to prevent the model from falling over. Alternative bases were looked at where the base becomes a storage unit too. This helps with the weight increment when the user starts putting items into the storage box. However, if the user takes them out, the structure will become less stable , forcing the user to putting items in the box to create extra weight. This prevents the user from gaining the full control of the furniture.

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Concept Development Iteration 1

I started my very first visual design model, to understand the length and the shape it will look like. Having the issue of stability for the work table, currently 1000mm, I decided to create a hollow table. Inspired by IKEA table where cardboard honeycomb is sandwiched between to plywood to create the thickness but reduct the amount of weight, I decided to place a steel bar in the middle to allow the table to stand up right without tilting over. A five point base was designed as five points would help increase the footprint of the based, preventing it from tilting.

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The steel bar would hold the weight of the table and prevent the table from bending over. The wooden case would be made from plywood to reduce cost. The rod would be made of ash wood as it is light but strong and sturdy. However, through my initial design, I notice that however I design to keep the table upright without bending, it was not going to solve the issue. As if pressure is placed on the edge of the table, no matter how strong the table is, it would not be able to withstand the weight and tilt over. A leg for the table was needed.


Concept Development Iteration 2 I then started a new approach towards the model. I was inspired by Opendesk as I wanted my product to be a hands-on experience where the user gets to build and customise the way they want it to be. I focused on creating parts to be pressed fit together so as to reduced the amount of tools needed to build it. Taking to account the measurements from the initial design concept, I designed each part separately to allow simple assembly. I wanted my product to create an personal journey for the user from building it to customising to their personal needs and ending with the constant use of the furniture. This helps creates an attachment between the user and the product.

To create an personal journey for the user from building it to customising to their personal needs

03


Concept Development Iteration 3 After gaining a momentum with iteration 2, I felt that the design was reaching a stage where it would become feasible and stable. However, having a fully wooded furniture, was near impossible as wood wasn’t strong enough in different humidity. I was fixed into using wood so in iteration 3, I decided to step away from my comfort zone and experiment with metal supports. Having known of the properties of metal, I was able to create curves that leaded to a more fluid piece. Its curves creates a lighter feeling towards the furniture. It also did look like a street lamp in public spaces.

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Work - in - Progress Interim Model Iteration 4

Spin Pivot System --

Keywords Furniture Customisation Pivot Mechanism Semi Permanent

04

For work in progress, I decided to combine iteration 2 and 3 together. Keeping to the design language of disassembly and the curve shape design of iteration 3, I came up with iteration 4. The furniture had a stronger shelving support that is made of plywood that will be attached to the wooden sleeve with the inner rod made out of mild steel tubing. The table top comes with two option, waxed or white laminate finish, so as to increase the durability of the table top life expectancy. The external leg was redesigned as it did not suit the overall design language of the model. It is designed with a wider top to increase the stability go the table tilting on either axis.


Work - in - Progress Interim Model

Dismantled easily for storage or transportation.

However, through my feedback, wooden sleeve seems to be a very inappropriate waste a of material as the inner core of the wood dowel has to be taken out and it increase the chances of the wood grain to split open. Having metal and wood rubbing on to each other was not a wise decision, as the heat and humidity of the materials might cause the wood sleeve to split open too. Therefore, for my interim model, the sleeve as well as the inner rod will be made from mild steel. This solves the issue of the material breaking down easily.

04

As showed in my render (above), the model can be dismantle easily for storage or transportation. I then wanted to explore further potential of the model if I could look into solving the electronics within the model, creating adapters or charging points around the sleeves, looking into different accessories and lighting solution within the furniture.


Work - in - Progress 1 : 1 Prototype Model

So as to understand the ergonomics of the different height of the shelves

I made a 1:1 model prototype for Spin so as to understand the ergonomics of the different height of the shelves and if the length of the table might be too long. Through my prototype, my length of the table seems like an appropriate size for a user to use. However as it is made out of cardboard, it was not clear if the table and leg would be stable enough. My feedback regarding my work-in-progress was that the external leg attached to the table seems to be out of place. It did not fit well with the language of the main rod.

04

I was told to focus on the furniture itself and not over complicate the model with electronics which could still be considered down the road. Also, I was told to explore further into creating the furniture without a leg, testing out if it is actually possible to withstand pressure without having a leg.


Product Development Sketches

Spin Pivot System --

Keywords Furniture Customisation Pivot Mechanism Semi Permanent

I decided to look into the utilitarian aspect of the piece of furniture.

Looking through my interim, I focus on two main parts of the models to finalise the details of the furniture. I stopped looking into electronics so as to focus on the function and the structure of the furniture itself. The shelving support was not an ideal shape and the leg seems to be separated from the design. I decided to look into the utilitarian aspect of the piece of furniture. The shelving support was not ideal as having a curved support prevents product to be able to stacked high on the lower shelf as when the shelf above starts to spin, it would have the tendency to knock onto the items below, becoming a safety hazard for the user. So from my sketches, I looked into different types of support, all made out of steel to increase the strength of the model. I then decided to attached a steel plate, 3mm thick, on to the bottom of the shelving unit that would be welded down together with the steel sleeve and a 14mm rod welded to increase the the strength of the support.

05


Product Development Sketches

In my sketches, the support was designed with the length of 430mm as it would be slightly longer on the medium size shelf but not too long that it looks too big/bulky for the smaller size shelf. The table length was finalise at 1500mm as 500mm from the inner side of the table will not be ideal as a working space as there will be shelves above it. Therefore the length of the table was about 1000mm, an average working table length, adding up to a total of 1500mm. Moving on to the bigger issue, it was the leg for the table. I decided to continue working with a leg and also further exploring possibility of a legless table. Firstly, I decide to focus on the attached piece at the bottom of the table. It had to be a large enough plate to prevent tilting on either axis. The shelving support design for the main rod were not wide enough to cover the axis from tilting front and back. So I decided to put a large plate with a length and width of 210mm. This way, the table with gain more stability. With the finalise length of the table, further sketches and designs were considered carefully. More will be explained at the next few iterations.

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Product Development Layouts

01.

02.

03.

01. Seating Layout 02. Standing Layout 03. Dual Layout 04. Shelving Layout

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04.


Product Development Iteration 5 Through my sketches, I decided to design a legless table. This iteration looks into working with larger footprint of the base. The table will be connected with the base where if the table spins, the leg would move along rather than having a much larger base that will be stationary this is the much cheaper option. However, with this design, it does counterbalance any weight on the table but it would not be conducive to work on it. As without the leg, it allows the table to bounce due to no support at the end of the table.

05

Also, with the extended leg sticking out this creates a lot of movement when sliding the table 90 degrees. This means nothing can be placed underneath the model.


Product Development Iteration 6 I then focus on having a leg. I look at designing a wheel at the bottom to allow the table to slide around easily however, it seems to be an issue as it gives of the idea of instability that the table can be slide while the user is using it. Having a wheel underneath puts a lot of pressure on it, resulting in the wheel to give way easily.

05


Product Development Context render

I started playing with context render to see how Spin would fit into a user’s space

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Product Development Context render

Alternative layouts of Spin were acheived to show the different types of user scenario

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Product Development Iteration 7 Final

Finally I decided to keep it simple and stable. I decided to attached a 50.8mm tubing underneath the table acting as the leg but having a plastic cap with felt underneath to allow for easy sliding. This way with the two similar width of the rods, the model look much more as a whole and stable. I started looking into further details of the furniture. I consulted a metal technician and realised that steel rubbing on steel on not the best solution. So I had to add in plastic bearing between them to prevent started on the steel and allow smooth rotations.

Spin is minimalistic, simple yet functional within spaces. It is an elegant approach to a user friendly furniture

05

Considering the utilitarian aspect of each model. The current iteration is the final model I am bring forward. It is minimalistic, simple yet functional within spaces. It is not over complicated for my user and the cost of making it will be affordable for my target audience.


Product Development Exploded View of Shelving Unit

01.

02.

03.

04.

05.

06.

07.

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01. Shelving Unit Birch Plywood 18mm Wax Finishing

04. Shelving Support 07. Outer Rod Mild Steel Tubing Mild Steel Tubing 14mm 50.8mm Powder Coated (White) Powder Coated (White)

02. Inner Rod Mild Steel Tubing 40mm Polished

05. Shelving Support Mild Steel Plate 3mm Powder Coated (White)

03. Sleeve Bearing with Flange Plastic 50mm

06. Screws Stainless Steel


Product Development Exploded View of Base Plate

01.

02.

03.

04.

01. Inner Rod Mild Steel Tubing 40mm Polished, Oiled 02. Base Rod Mild Steel Tubing 50.8mm Powder Coated (White) 03. Base Plate Mild Steel Plate 3mm Powder Coated (White)

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04. Adhesive Flange Discs Neoprene Rubber 475mm


1 : 1 Product Model Model Development

Spin Pivot System --

Keywords Furniture Customisation Pivot Mechanism Semi Permanent

I then started on my model making, I wanted to create a functional model as it would prove my point on the stability of the extra leg and the length of the table. I decided to start working on the sleeve first as the supports were the important bits of the model. It is what holds the weight and the longest to finish as it needs sanding and welding then finally spraying it down. I laser cut* the metal plates to get the exact diameter of the circle to allow the rod to fit in nicely.

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*Laser cut metal plates were from Essex Laser


1 : 1 Product Model Model Development

I then decided to CNC** the shelving units as it is the proposed way to manufacture the product if it is mass-produced. It also give me the accuracy of the diameter of the hole to allow the sleeve to fit in nicely without any issues of gaps within the hole. It would then prevent the shelving unit from being unstable.

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** CNC birch ply were done in 3D Large wood workshop


1 : 1 Product Model Model Development After getting all my pieces, I started to pre assemble some of the pieces to see how it looks like and if the fittings were tight enough. I also then use a hand drill router to create the chamfer on my boards which was the initial design. I wanted the model to be as accurate as my design.

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1 : 1 Product Model Model Development

Ensuring accuracy in welding

Next, It was time to get the different parts assemble and fixed together. I had to create customised jig for each piece so as to ensure accuracy in the welding.

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1 : 1 Product Model Model Development

Final manufacturing method, the pieces will be fully mig welded together

As for the welding, I was recommended by the technician to do spot welding as he said that the metal plate might distort if a full welding is done. However, for my final manufacturing method, the parts will be fully mig welded together, ensuring the strength of the support.

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1 : 1 Product Model Model Development At this point, the boards were all cleaned up and ready for assembly. The only piece left was the base. The base became a huge problem as the initial method of screwing it in did not seem to be very stable as the stressed put on the screw bit would be too much for the weight. Therefore, I decided to create the rod and the base to be to separate parts. The rod would then be slide into the larger sleeve at the bottom to hold it in place. It was strong enough.

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1 : 1 Product Model Model Development

This was my first assembly of my model. It was better than I expected however, it was still quite shaky. The metal plate at the bottom was not able to hold the weight of the model. Whenever it was pushed the steel plate base would distort a little, allowing it to swirl a little. I was not satisfied with the outcome. Therefore, I decided to look for the technician again to get them to fully weld the base plate to the solid bottom piece so it would attached tightly. I then tightened the plastic bearing with the sleeve to prevent it from moving about. This happened due to the sleeve being 50.8mm while the bearing is slightly smaller with a diameter of 50mm. It was then sandblasted to allow y spray paint to be able to stick on to the surface.

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1 : 1 Product Model Model Development

After tightening all the loose and that I could solve, I then decided to finally reassembled the model before I started spray painting all the different parts. After assembling it, the model became much more stable. It wasn’t shaky anymore and every piece seems to fit nicely together. The model’s function of spinning was smooth.

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1 : 1 Product Model Model Development

This are just a few variations of how the shelving units could be move and spin about.

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1 : 1 Product Model Model Development Finally, to finish up with the model, the steel pieces are sprayed in white to show the powder coated white texture. As for the table and shelving units, they were single coated wax finish as I did not want to stain the colour too much.

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1 : 1 Product Model Final Model Studio Shot

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1 : 1 Product Model Final Model Components

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1 : 1 Product Model Final Model Assembly

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1 : 1 Product Model Final Model Variations

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1 : 1 Product Model Final Model Context Image

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Context Render


Final Model Presentation Day

Spin Pivot System --

Keywords Furniture Customisation Pivot Mechanism Semi Permanent

SPIN is a modular and flexible furniture designed for small workspaces. Aspiring design student Levon Lim began the project with the aim of creating a product that would inspire a sense of ownership within users. Its development was guided by exploring the product’s utility and simplicity of assembly.

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Context Render


Final Model Presentation Night

Spin Pivot System --

Keywords Furniture Customisation Pivot Mechanism Semi Permanent

SPIN is interactive and customisable. Users can pivot the various table tops and change the height of the unit by interchange the shelving units, to fit their own desires and project their own image.

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Final Model Presentation External Visuals

X

SPIN

Technical Package

INSTRUCTION MANUAL

by Levon Lim

Adding to my packaging on my furniture, it would include my technical package, catalogue, instruction manual regarding how to assemble and the safety hazards. There will also be a promotional video. This would tie up my entire project on how it begins manufacturing all the way to how it would be finally assemble in the user’s room.

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SPIN

2018

SPIN


Technical Drawing

1

1713

1900

2

3 1387

4

735

1061

5

6

1500

NO. PART NAME

08

MATERIAL

MANUFACTURE

1

MEDIUM SHELVING UNIT

BIRCH PLYWOOD

CNC

2

LARGE SHELVING UNIT

BIRCH PLYWOOD

CNC

3

TABLE UNIT

BIRCH PLYWOOD

CNC

4

SHELVING SUPPORT

MILD STEEL

BENDING, WELDING

5

LEG SUPPORT

MILD STEEL

BENDING, WELDING

6

BASE PLATE

MILD STEEL

WELDING

500

NO. PART NAME

MATERIAL

MANUFACTURE

TITLE DOCUMENT TYPE LEGAL OWNER DRAWN BY APPROVED BY DRAWING NO. SHEET NO. DATE OF ISSUE

SPIN GENERAL ARRANGEMENT LEVON LIM FANG YI L. LIM ARQUER 001.007 1 OF 7 20.01.18

SCALE

1:10


Technical Drawing

R8 219

45.

142

00°

159

675 Z-Z

18

DETAIL A SCALE 1:2

100

A

100 Y-Y R25 Y

Ø51

Ø4

80

250

80

R125

Z

Z Y 250

TITLE DOCUMENT TYPE LEGAL OWNER DRAWN BY APPROVED BY DRAWING NO. SHEET NO. DATE OF ISSUE

08

1.MEDIUM SHELVING UNIT GENERAL ARRANGEMENT LEVON LIM FANG YI L. LIM ARQUER 002.008 2 OF 8 20.01.18

SCALE

1:5


Technical Drawing

219

R8

142

45.

359

00°

875 X-X

18

DETAIL B SCALE 1:2

150

B

150 W-W R35 Ø51

W

Ø4

130

350

130

R175

X

X

W 250

TITLE DOCUMENT TYPE LEGAL OWNER DRAWN BY APPROVED BY DRAWING NO. SHEET NO. DATE OF ISSUE

08

2. LARGE SHELVING UNIT GENERAL ARRANGEMENT LEVON LIM FANG YI L. LIM ARQUER 003.008 3 OF 8 20.01.18

SCALE

1:5


Technical Drawing

00° 45.

77

250

1014 1500

18

Q-Q

205

205 500 R-R R

Ø4

Ø51

171

Ø4

500

R250

Q 171

Q

157

R

TITLE DOCUMENT TYPE LEGAL OWNER DRAWN BY APPROVED BY DRAWING NO. SHEET NO. DATE OF ISSUE

08

3. TABLE UNIT GENERAL ARRANGEMENT LEVON LIM FANG YI L. LIM ARQUER 004.007 4 OF 7 20.01.18

SCALE

1:10


Technical Drawing

Ø51

Ø40

R20

25

140

25

Ø4

U

U 24

155

32

430

45

45

V 3

25

200 179

MIG WELDED

22

204

R7

50

V

V-V 1 8

D 2

C 4

DETAIL D SCALE 1:2

DETAIL C SCALE 1:1

209

69 U-U

NO. PART NAME 1SLEEVE BEARING

MATERIAL

MANUFACTURE

TEFLON PLASTIC

INJECTION MOULDING

TITLE DOCUMENT TYPE LEGAL OWNER DRAWN BY APPROVED BY DRAWING NO. SHEET NO. DATE OF ISSUE

08

4. SHELVING SUPPORT GENERAL ARRANGEMENT LEVON LIM FANG YI L. LIM ARQUER 005.007 5 OF 7 20.01.18

SCALE

1: 5


210

26

Technical Drawing

26

8 4

3

T

DETAIL E SCALE 1:1

717

E

10

1 40

R20

51

T

Ø51 Ø4 NO. PART NAME

105

1

25

08

210

25

ROUND HEAD INSERT

MATERIAL

MANUFACTURE

LDPE

INJECTION MOULDING

TITLE DOCUMENT TYPE LEGAL OWNER DRAWN BY APPROVED BY DRAWING NO. SHEET NO. DATE OF ISSUE

5. LEG SUPPORT GENERAL ARRANGEMENT LEVON LIM FANG YI L. LIM ARQUER 006.007 6 OF 7 20.01.18

SCALE

1: 5


Technical Drawing 40

1875

1850

21

83

S

2

DETAIL G SCALE 1:1

DETAIL F SCALE 1:1

Ø475

G

3

S

F

S-S

1

NO. PART NAME 1

ADHESIVE FLANGE DISC

MATERIAL

MANUFACTURE

NEOPRENE RUBBER

STENCIL CUTTING

TITLE DOCUMENT TYPE LEGAL OWNER DRAWN BY APPROVED BY DRAWING NO. SHEET NO. DATE OF ISSUE

08

7. BASE PLATE GENERAL ARRANGEMENT LEVON LIM FANG YI L. LIM ARQUER 007.007 7 OF 7 20.01.18

SCALE

1: 10


Thank you for reading!

Profile for Levon Lim

Development Portfolio  

SPIN is a modular and flexible workspace furniture that is designed to work in small spaces. Product design student Levon Lim began the proj...

Development Portfolio  

SPIN is a modular and flexible workspace furniture that is designed to work in small spaces. Product design student Levon Lim began the proj...

Profile for levonlim
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