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Vol.21 No.5

November- December • 2010

Bottles and

extras

The official publication of the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors

Dr. Cronk In Central New York (And Beyond)

Connecticut Bottle History

“Small Sam” Altschul and His Tall Tale

Flask & Glass Rarities Surface at Recent Connecticut Bottle Shows The Adolphus Busch Glass Factories

Paris Ball


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Vol. 21 No. 6

November - December 2010

No. 192

Table of Contents FOHBC Officer Listing 2010-2012..........2 Connecticut Bottle History President’s Message................................3 Recent Finds..........................................4 At Auction.............................................5 Shards of Wisdom..............................6 Paper Trail.........................................8 Book in Review....................................10 Regional Reports.................................12

History of Collecting Bottles in Minnesota Doug Shilson ..........................23 Batteries Not Included Joe Terry....................................24

The Adolphus Busch Glass Factories Bill Lockhart, Pete Schulz, Carol Serr, and Bill Lindsey .............45 Dr. Cronk In Central New York (And Beyond) Thomas Kanalley ........................... 30 Down On The Farm Old Bottles of Every Shape and Doug Shilson .........................53 Color Shine at Batsto Village Show Sarah Watson........................................35 FOHBC Board Meeting Minutes ....58 Paris Ball Ralph Finch ........................................36 Classified Ads & Ad Rate Info.....6 2 The “Drool Factor” Bobby Vaughn .....................................36 FOHBC Show-Biz Show Calendar Listings ........6 6 Western Australian State Show 2009 Rex Barber. ........................................37 MembershipAdditions and Changes.....69 Arcadia California Show 2010 Ken Lawler and Dar Furda .............38 MembershipApplication......................71 Flask & Glass Rarities Surface at (2) Recent Connecticut Bottle Shows Rick Ciralli ................................... 40 Membership Benefits..........................72 Norman C. Heckler Sr. .................. 29

Small Sam Altschul and His Tall Tale Digging Germany Jack Sullivan ........................... 26 Boyd Beccue .................................. 41

Don’t miss an issue - Please check your labels for expiration information. Fair use notice: Some material above has been submitted for publication in this magazine and/or was originally published by the authers and is copyrighted. We, as a non-profit organization, offer it here as an educational tool to increase further understanding and discussion of bottle collecting and related history. We believe this constitutes “fair use” of the copyrighted material as provided for in Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Law. If you wish to use this material for purposes of your own that go beyond “fair use”, you must obtain permission from the copyrighted owner(s). WHO DO I CONTACT ABOUT THE MAGAZINE? CHANGE OF ADDRESS, MISSING ISSUES, etc., contact the Business Manager June Lowry, 401 Johnston Ct., Raymore, MO 64083; Ph: (816) 318-0160 or E-mail: OSUBuckeyes71@aol.com To ADVERTISE, SUBSCRIBE or RENEW a subscription, see pages 63 and 71 for details. To SUBMIT A STORY, send a LETTER TO THE EDITOR or have COMMENTS and concerns, Contact: Martin Van Zant, Bottles and Extras Editor, 208 Urban St., Danville, IN 46122 Phone: (812) 841-9495 or E-mail: mdvanzant@yahoo.com BOTTLES AND EXTRAS © (ISSN 1050-5598) is published bi-monthly (6 Issues per year) by the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, Inc. (a non-profit IRS C3 educational organization) at 401 Johnston Ct., Raymore, MO 64083; Ph: (816) 318-0160; Website: http://www.fohbc.com. Non-profit periodicals postage paid at Raymore, MO 64083 and additional mailing office, Pub. #005062. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Bottles and Extras, FOHBC, 401 Johnston Court, Raymore, MO 64083; Ph: (816) 318-0160. Annual subscription rate is: $30 or $45 for First Class, $50 Canada and other foreign, $65 in U.S. funds. The Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, Inc. assumes no responsibility for products and services advertised in this publication. The names: Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, Inc., and Bottles and Extras ©, are registered ® names of the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, Inc., and no use of either, other than as references, may be used without expressed written consent from the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, Inc. Certain material contained in this publication is copyrighted by, and remains the sole property of, the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, Inc., while others remain property of the submitting authors. Detailed information concerning a particular article may be obtained from the Editor. Printed by Modernlitho, Jefferson City, MO 65101.


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The Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors is a non-profit organization for collectors of historical bottles and related collectible items. Our Primary goal is educational as it relates to the history and manufacture of historical bottles and related artifacts. FOHBC Officers 2010-2012

President: Gene Bradberry, PO Box 341062, Memphis, TN 38184; phone: (901) 372-8428; e-mail: Genebsa@comcast.net First Vice-President: Bob Ferraro, 515 Northridge Dr, Boulder City, NV 89005; phone: (702) 293-3114; e-mail: mayorferraro@aol.com. Second Vice-President: Ferdinand Meyer V, 101 Crawford, Studio 1A, Houston, TX 77002; phone: (713) 222-7979; e-mail: fmeyer@fmgdesign.com. Secretary: Randy Driskill, PO Box 2146, Vista, CA 92085; phone: (760) 415-6549, Treasurer: Tom Lines, PO Box 382831, Birmingham, AL 35238; phone (205) 987-0650, e-mail: bluecrab1949@hotmail.com Historian: Richard Watson, 10 S Wendover Rd, Medford, NJ 08055; phone: (856) 983-1364; e-mail: crwatsonnj@verizon.net Editor: Martin Van Zant, 208 Urban St, Danville, IN 46122; phone: (812) 841-9495; e-mail: mdvanzant@yahoo.com. Merchandising Director: Kent Williams, 1835 Oak Ter, Newcastle, CA 95658; phone: (916) 663-1265; e-mail: KentW@ppoa.org Membership Director: Ed Herrold, 65 Laurel Loop, Maggie Valley, NC 28751; phone: (828) 926-2513; e-mail: drbitters@mindspring.com Conventions Director: R Wayne Lowry, 401 Johnston Ct, Raymore, MO 64083; phone: (816) 318-0161; e-mail: JarDoctor@aol.com

Business Manager: June Lowry, 401 Johnston Ct, Raymore, MO 64083; phone: (816) 318-0160; e-mail: OSUBuckeyes71@aol.com Director-at-Large: Carl Sturm, 88 Sweetbriar Branch, Longwood, FL 32750; phone: (407) 332-7689; e-mail: glassmancarl@sprintmail.com Director-at-Large: Sheldon Baugh, 252 W Valley Dr, Russellville, KY 42276; phone: (270) 726-2712; e-mail: shel6943@bellsouth.net Director-at-Large: John Pastor, PO Box 227, New Hudson, MI 48165; phone: (248) 486-0530; e-mail: jpastor@americanglassgallery.com Midwest Region Director: Joe Hardin, 594 Layman Rd, New Vienna, OH 45159; phone: (937) 728-9930; e-mail: jkcollectzbles@gmail.com. Northeast Region Director: Ed Kuskie, 352 Pineview Dr, Elizabeth, PA 15037; phone: (412) 405-9061; e-mail: bottlewizard@comcast.net. Southern Region Director: Jack Hewitt, 1765 Potomac Ct, Lawrenceville, GA 30043; phone: (770) 856-6062, e-mail: hewittja@bellsouth.net. Western Region Director: Dave Maryo, 12634 Westway Ln, Victorville, CA 92392; phone: (760-617-5788; e-mail: dmary@verizon.net Public Relations Director: James Berry, 200 Fort Plain Watershed Rd, St. Johnsville, NY 13452; phone: (518) 568-5683; e-mail: jhberry10@yahoo.com


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Bottles and Extras

Fohbcs President’s Message gene bradberry

(901) 372-8428 Genebsa@comcast.net

PO Box 341062 Memphis, TN 38184

I would like to apologize for the lateness of the September-October 2010 issue of Bottles and Extras. We have made an editor change as well. I would like to thank Jesse Sailer for stepping in last year when we were two or three issues behind and helping us catch up. He is being replaced by Martin Van Zant, of Danville, Ind., recently elected Midwest Region director. Martin’s background as an avid bottle collector as well as teaching graphic arts and having done other publications makes him a good match for this position. With credentials like these, I feel that he will do an excellent job for us. I look forward to working with him and seeing the content and the layout of the magazine improve issue by issue. Martin resigned his newly elected post as Midwest Region director and I have appointed Joe Hardin to fill this spot. As most of you know, Joe was runner-up for the Midwest director’s job as well as serving as co-chairman of the 2010 National Show in Wilmington, Ohio. When Jamie Houdeshell became ill in the final weeks leading up to the show, Joe filled in admirably and did a fine job. Thanks, Joe, for a job well done. We made a nice profit from the show and auction and a full report will be in the January-February issue of Bottles and Extras. We have had an additional resignation as Cecil Munsey quit as Western Region director. I have appointed Dave Maryo, of Victorville, CA., to replace Cecil. Dave is a longtime supporter of the Federation and is currently president of the Los Angeles club. I look forward to serving with Dave and having his input and support. The above appointments were made after much discussion with the Board of Directors. The appointments were approved by board members’ votes during a conference call. We are looking for someone who would be willing to step in and act as the FOHBC webmaster and keep the website updated. If you have expertise in this area, please give me a call and let’s talk. In the meantime, thanks to Randy Driskill for working on getting it updated. His plate is pretty full and I would like to get someone who really has the time that it takes to do this important job. Also, we are having a NEW FACE for the website being developed by Ferd Meyer and this should be up within the next month or so. Next year’s National Convention will be held in Memphis, Tenn., the same site as Expo 2004, on June 24-26. Mark your calendar and start making plans to attend right now. There is lots to do here in Memphis and, as Hoagy Carmichael says, see you in “Memphis in June.” Young ‘uns might not catch that one, but some of you old-timers will. I wish all of you a very happy and blessed Thanksgiving and a Merry Christmas. Let’s remember our troops who are away from their families this time of the year. As always, LET’S KEEP THE FUN IN BOTTLE COLLECTING! Gene Bradberry President, FOHBC

Where there’s a will there’s a way to leave Donations to the FOHBC Did you know the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors is a 501C(3) charitable organization? How does that affect you? It allows tax deductions for any and all donations to the FOHBC. You might also consider a bequest in your will to the FOHBC. This could be a certain amount of money or part or all of your bottle collection. The appraised value of your collection would be able to be deducted from your taxes. (This is not legal advice, please consult an attorney) I give and bequeath to the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, 401 Johnston Ct, Raymore, MO 64083, the sum of $____________ to be used as its Board of Directors determines. The same type wording could be used for bequeathing your collection or part of it, however, before donating your collection (or part of it), you would need the collection appraised by a professional appraiser with knowledge of bottles and their market values. This is the amount that would be tax deductible. Thank you for considering us in your donation plans. Gene Bradberry, President Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors


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Bottles and Extras

Recent Finds More than 20 years ago, Phil Wilson told me he knew of a Columbus, Georgia Codd-stoppered bottle. I offered him $100 to him if he’d bring it for me to see, but he never did. So the bottle remained just a myth until earlier this year when, idly scanning eBay, I came across an aqua Codd embossed BERGAN & CO. / STEAM BOTTLERS / BEER & MINERAL WATERS / COLUMBUS, GEORGIA. The bottle was missing its marble and top, but I didn’t care. I made a $499.99 bid to make sure I won it, and I did, for $69. Fact is, until this one showed up, Southern Codds were scarce as hen’s teeth. Acquiring it made my year. What else is Tom Hicks shows off his broken eBay out there? prize: A rare Georgia codd mineral water bottle. Dig the wild shirt. By Tom Hicks (Photo courtesy Bea Baab) During a recent trip to the Chester County, S.C., woods earlier this year, Clyde McFadden, of Ridgeway, S.C., poked around the ruins of a long-empty house and made an incredible find. At the Savannah Bottle and Civil War Relic Show last Oct. 2, he carefully unwrapped a small ceramic object and held it in the palm of his hand. It was made in the shape of a flask and on it the words stood out clearly: “Tillman’s Dispensary / Palmatto (sic) State / S.C.”, “Whoever it was, he was a pretty good potter, but he couldn’t spell Palmetto,” McFadden said. But what is it? Its owner showed the object to an authority on the South Carolina Dispensary, the state-operated whiskey system (1893-

1907) created by then South Carolina Gov. Benjamin Ryan “Pitchfork Ben” Tillman, of Edgefield, S.C. The expert at first thought it was something made by the Catawba tribe near Rock Hill, but the smooth brown glaze dispelled that thought. Catawbas fire their pots directly in the flames of bonfires, with an uneven coloration the result.. The next thought that it was something made by Edgefield District pottery Joseph Gregory Baynham, who had turned out onegallon jugs to be used by the dispensary. But if he was trying to make a representation of a whiskey flask, why so small? And did he put Tillman’s name on it to possibly flatter the governor? This writer thinks it might have been a

Front label: CHAIN LIGHTNING ERASER Left label: WARNING / (PATIENT OR VICTIM)/ SHOULD BE IN / HORIZONTAL / POSITION / BEFORE TAKING, GUARANTEED / NOT / HABIT FORMING / ONE BOTTLE / CREATES HEIRS Right label: MADE BY / GENUINE SWAMP / RUBIOSA AQUEOUS / IF PATIENT / RALLIES BE / NOT IN DOUBT / IT’S ONLY / TEMPORARY I have seen other bottles from this company containing medicines of some sort or another. I have never seen this label before and although it looks authentic, I’m sure that it is a SPOOF label that was not applied by the company who sold a product in the bottle. It is a mystery bottle, does anyone have any information on this label?

Here’s a close up showing Columbus, Georgia, unusual because the state name is spelled out. Photo courtesy of Bea Baab

whimsey, an end-of-the-day affair similar in nature to what many glassblowers did on their own time at the end of the business day. So it may be unique. What’s it worth? McFadden said he’d had a fivefigure offer, but the object remains his possession. Is it worth that much? The expert didn’t think so. Time will tell. Tillman Dispensary – BILL BAAB courtesy of Bea Baab A super-rare Republic of Texas bottle, embossed Prices Patent / Texas / Tonic on one side and Republic / of / Texas on the other, sold for $10,000 on eBay. The bottle was featured on the cover of Oklahoma Territory News, the newsletter of the Oklahoma Territory Bottle and Relic Club edited by Johnnie Fletcher.


Bottles and Extras

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SOLD at auction SOLD

CENTENNIAL TONIC BITTERS 1776. Applied ring and smooth base. Nothing, except possibly the Lediard, is more rare than this unusual bottle. Although there is more than one bottle that commemorates the hundred years after the independence, you’d think there’d be a lot more. Well, here’s at least one new addition and possibly the only known example. A gentleman and his wife who have had it for a number of years consigned this fine piece. The bottle came as a great surprise, as it is not only a rare bottle, but the form is unique with the six sides culminating in a dome with an applied ring on the neck. We’re thinking this bottle could have been made in 1876, what do you think? If you like rarity and the unusual, this one might be for you. Has a spot or two of stain, and presents itself just fine as it is. $1,900

COLORED GRAPHITE PONTIL MEDICINE BOTTLE MT. VERNON, INDIANA. 1840’s Baltic Mixture. CHARLES GARDNER WOULD LOVED THIS. double-checked my research, his name was Otto Scheefer, and was born in 1813, died in 1867. The bottle looks dark aqua, not colored. That’s what the other one is. If you were to visit Mt. Vernon, you would have no trouble imagining pontils from that town. And it’s just downriver from Evansviile, which has a tremendous assortment of great early stuff. In fact, Indiana overall is really underrated as far as producing quality antiques. There are hundreds of great one-known and two-known bottles from Indiana. $1,500

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN INKWELL 1830-40. FRENCH Covill-1290 with burst mouth. This inkwell came from a very longstanding collection and is believed to be French. Franklin was a very popular figure in France and it is no surprise they made an inkwell with a bust of him. Don’t look now Benjamin, but you’re busted! $325

MOHAWK WHISKEY PURE RYE. Smooth base and rolled lip. 12 ¼” A rare bottle, the Mohawk Whiskey certainly reminds one of the popular Indian Queen. The difference is fairly obvious when the bottles are viewed side by side. This example has some of the original paint, which is important, as there is a hatchet painted on her shield. Light golden amber, the top is perfect, as is the bottle itself. Best possible specimen, ex Dr. Burton Spiller collection. $3,800

COPPER INKWELL FILLER. 8” High and 3 ½” diameter at base. Covill-1744. Don’t see many of these original inkwell fillers, what a great idea. I know when I saw it, I thought of a Toucan. And since it’s actually a can, is that ironic or what? You can tell this one is early by the copper welds and the overall structure of the piece. Dare we say mid 19th century? A wonderful go with. $130

PEARSON BROS. BODIE. Hutch style with applied top. The Pearson Bros. hutch or gravitating stopper style bottle is a very desirable one indeed. As most of us know, Bodie is but a ghost town now, simply a relic of a once bustling California town. What remains are a few artifacts, mainly bottles, with the name “Bodie.” This particular bottle is probably the most desirable of any known. Second one that has been seen in many years. Barely a visible scratch, just perfect. Nice applied top $2,600


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Outhousedigging.com Like most people I am fascinated about what can be found in the ground. Buried treasure comes in all shapes and sizes and can be found in different places. Outhousedigging.com is a site for the Bottle Collector who looks for their treasure by digging for it in either dumps or in an area where there used to be an outhouse. A lot of people ask “why would there be treasure in the remains of an outhouse?” back when people used outhouses for bodily waste they also used them to dump anything that they couldn’t dispose of by burning. Glass bottles were a big problem back in the early days. Paper trash and even tin cans could be disposed of in the burn barrel but glass bottles took up a lot of room and back then it seemed everything came in a glass jar or bottle. On farms people would take their glass bottles out to some remote part of their property and just dump them (bottle dump) others saw the outhouse as a bottomless pit that would allow the owner to throw away their bottles in a place that he thought would never see the light of day. Once an outhouse

November - December 2010

became filled with waste it was covered up and forgotten and a new outhouse was dug and erected. After a few years the waste would dissolve or be broken down by natural decay and all that is left is bottles and other treasures for the treasure hunter to find. Thanks! Don Vickers, Olathe, KS. Outhousedigging.com Fellow collectors; It would appear that the cumulative efforts of Scott and myself will bare fruit. As you probably know, a few years back the Oregon State Historic Preservation Office took it upon themselves to draft legislation making it illegal to dig for and recover artifacts (ie; bottles and other discarded trash) from private property with the landowners permission. The State managed to bundle this legislation with numerous other bills and have it passed with out the publics knowledge. Simply, the voting public was never afforded the opportunity to say no to an obvious infringement on the rights of property owners. A close friend of ours inadvertently ran afoul of this law after being featured on segment of the Travel Channels program, “Cash and Treasures”. It was at that time, in November of 2007,

Bottles and Extras

that we collectors became aware of this law and were forced to quit digging under the threat of arrest and punishment. Since then, Scott and I have actively pursued State Representative Alan Bates and, as the following email states, have been successful in having the legislation scheduled for review and probable repeal in the upcoming session. Keep your fingers crossed. We’ll be in touch again after the legislative session convenes and the repeal is voted on. Bruce From: Sen Bates

Sent: Sunday, September 26, 2010 9:30 AM

To: Bruce Silva

Subject: RE: Repeal OAR 736-051-0090

Importance: High

Dear Mr. Morrell and Mr. Silva -First of all, THANK YOU for reminding us about your proposed legislation with regard to bottle collecting. The good news is that I had it flagged for the upcoming session, and would have remembered without your nudging, but it’s always good to have a back-up plan in this business. Attached is the Measure Request form that Senator Bates will file tomorrow before 5:00 PM. You will see


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Bottles and Extras that you are both listed as people who can be contacted by Legislative Counsel if they have questions while drafting this proposed legislation. I used exerpts from both of your messages to our office to describe the problem and the solution. Note: Tomorrow’s filing deadline is for pre-session measures, and LC has guaranteed that anything filed by tomorrow will be returned in a Draft before session in January 2011. If this request is imperfect, please do not panic. Once a draft is returned, we can amend until it meets your needs; however, you may want to be talking to other experts to make sure that we include all necessary changes in a future amendment. I will forward both of you a draft once it is returned to our office. Thank you for this opportunity to be of service.

Dear Editor,

Holly East, MSW Legislative Aide to Senator Alan Bates, D.O. District 3, 2859 State Street, #101 Medford, OR 97504 541-282-6502

Bill Lockhart 575-439-8158 bottlebill@tularosa.net

Illinois-Pacific Glass Co. Catalog About three years ago, an eBay auction offered an Illinois-Pacific Glass Co. catalog, which sold for $400. The Bottle Research Group is in real need of some information from that catalog. We are not trying to buy the catalog; we just need information. If anyone knows who bought the catalog (or who has another one), please let us know. We are right at the edge of unlocking another manufacturer’s mark mystery, and some of the information in the catalog may hold the key. Thanks,

Dear Editor, I am looking for information on

this bottle. My contact information is: William McAdams 1817 Saratoga Rd York, PA 17402 (717) 741-4284 If anyone knows about the bottle or has one in their collection, would you please have them contact me. Thank you, William

38 th Annual

S O U T H C A R O L I N A BOTTLE CLUB SHOW AND SALE N o E a r l y A dm i s s i o n Fe e Friday, February 18, 2011 11 AM to 6 PM

0+ 5 1 le s Ta b

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600 Beckman Road U Columbia, SC 2920Î U (803) 754-4463 Exit 71 off I-20 - Go 2 Blocks North to Corner

southcarolinabottleclub.com


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Though this might appear to be the reverse of a three by five inch trade card promoting Dr. Seth Arnold’s Cough Killer, it is not. The ad is printed on stock just slightly heavier than tissue paper. It was clearly not meant to last as it did for roughly 100 years. Its interest to collectors is found in its promotion of Cough Killer, to be sure. But the interest goes further. Here is a patent medicine ad which promotes the collecting of souvenir spoons! As the first line suggests, “SOUVENIR SPOONS ARE ALL THE RAGE.” By purchasing a bottle of Dr. Seth Arnold’s Cough Killer and presenting this coupon, the consumer was rewarded with an “extra silver plated SOUVENIR TEA SPOON....” One wonders just what this souvenir spoon might commemorate? What, if anything, was engraved in its bowl? Do examples still exist? How many were eventually used to serve a dose of Cough Killer? If you have any further information on this subject, please share what you have with us and we will see that it is published here. Submitted by Steve Ketcham

Mathias Gedney began his Minnesota pickling business in 1881. Prior to that date Gedney worked at two pickling works in Illinois. He also participated in the California gold rush . Once Gedney settled into the pickle business in Minnesota, he never looked back. His business eventually outgrew its north Minneapolis home and Gedney moved the operation to Chaska, Minnesota. According to an 1893 article in the St. Paul Trade Journal, the company was producing 30,000 barrels of vinegar a year. The article also stated that the company was making “more than 20,000 barrels of home made or spiced, sweet, mixed and chow

chow, American style and English style pickles….” The goods were reportedly packed in “wooden barrels, halves, kegs, pails, and buckets, and in gallon, half-gallon, quart, pint, and half-pint jars of the best quality and neatest patterns.” Pictured here are four Gedney bottles with labels. To tie his products to the area and build local loyalty, Gedney used a local landmark. Each label depicts Minnehaha Falls, a Minneapolis favorite. Though the falls are present on all labels, note how each bottle’s trademark differs from the others. Gedney also used local names for his pickles, producing both Minnehaha and Hiawatha brands. While the bottles themselves are not unique or unusual, the appeal of the

Bottles and Extras

Gedney Standard Pickles bottle.

Three Gedney bottles: Olives, Catsup, and Sweet Pickles.


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eye-pleasing labels makes each example a nice addition to any food bottle collection. The Gedney firm continues in business today. It remains in Minnesota and is still family owned. In addition to the Gedney line of pickles, the pickler also makes products for Del Monte and Archer Farms (Target). Some information for this piece was borrowed from “The Bottles, Stoneware, and Advertising Jugs of Minnesota, Volume 1.” Ron Feldhaus, editor. Other information taken from the Gedney web site. Submitted by Steve Ketcham

Embossing on reverse of Gedney Standard Pickle bottle.

Embossing found on Olive bottle.

Close up of Gedney pickle fork.

Sweet Pickle bottle embossing

Eight-inch pickle fork embossed with Gedney advertising. Sweet Pickle label detail.

A closer look at the Standard Pickle bottle

“Paper Trail” is a regular feature which showcases the wide world of bottle-related ephemera, from trade cards and post cards to letterheads and blotters. Readers are encouraged to submit items for publication. Simply scan or photograph your item (JPG please), add a short paragraph or two about the item, and include a photo of the bottle to which it relates.

Close up view of Catsup label.

E-mail your contribution to: s.ketcham@unique-software.com or Ph: (952) 920-4205 or mail it to: Steve Ketcham, PO Box 24114,Edina, MN 55424


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Soft Drink Bottlers of the United States Volume 1 (Vermont & New Hampshire)

By Denis Fewless and Christopher Weide 2009, 175 pages

Soft Drink Bottlers Cover By Bill Baab Southern Region Editor If you’re planning to publish a book on antique and contemporary soda water bottles from a specific region of the United States, you’d better prepare to spend years for research and development before writing the first word. But Dennis G. Fewless, of Delavan, Wis., and Christopher A. Weide, of Jacksonville, Fla., have taken it to another level and embarked on an even more ambitious project – Soft Drink Bottlers of the United States. They’ve already published the first of a projected 16 volumes. It covers all known soft drink bottlers within Vermont and New Hampshire and a cursory glance shows

that it’s about as complete as it can get for those New England States. Volume 2 covers Maine, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island and is due to be published in 2011. Only 44 states to go. Can they complete the series within the rest of their lives? Only time will tell. Fewless started the project some 20 years ago, said Weide, who joined him in 1995. “Most people (including my wife) cannot understand my passion for spending thousands of hours researching, but I have found it fascinating and fun. Dennis and I are nuts, but someone has to do it! If we ever do finish the whole series (before I die or go broke), it will be a wonderful feeling to see the whole series lined up on the shelf.” Let’s check out Volume 1 to see what is inside its Halloween orange covers. This is not a trick or treat deal, I assure you. There’s quite a bit of invaluable information crammed within 173 pages, plus a compact disc will accompany each volume. Readers will need to check out the introduction and then learn how to understand each listing. In addition to bottlers and their histories, there is a separate listing of brands and flavors of both states. Types of bottles; i.e., Hutchinsons, applied color labels, blob tops, crown tops, etc., are shown, with mini histories of the bottlers themselves included where available. “There are two points I try to make when explaining this project,” Weide said. (1) This is not a bottle book – it is one documenting the bottling companies. (2) I encourage all readers to contact us with as much information, as well as additions and corrections, as possible. Our readers are likely to have tons of information that we have not yet discovered.” What about the information sources used by the co-authors?

Bottles and Extras

Local telephone directories, local city directories, local newspaper articles and advertisements, correspondence and interviews with plant/company managers and owners, correspondence with heirs and descendants of former companies, and internet sources, to name a few, were used in the exhaustive studies. I am donating a copy of Augusta on Glass, the book my wife, Bea, and I selfpublished in 2007, to their project, and I encourage authors of similar books to do the same. Weide said all contributors will be acknowledged. The book is profusely illustrated and both it and the CD are available through www.Platform3Research.com for $39.95 postpaid. For readers who want to buy only the book, the price is $18.95 from www.amazon.com or from Weide’s webstore at https://www.createspace. com/1000251725. He accepts PayPal and major credit cards. P.S.: Chris Weide was certified by the Guinness Book of World Records in 1993 as having the world’s largest collection of American soda bottles, nearly 11,000. Dennis Fewless’ collection numbers more than 15,000 soda bottles and memorabilia.

Soft Drink Bottlers Back Cover


Bottles and Extras

works had been producing “Western Pride” self-sealing fruit jars and Stevens’ Patent Tin-Top fruit jars, among other products. How the 29-year-old Everett had come to purchase the company is not known, but Henry W. Putnam, his stepfather, had been engaged in bottle making-related activities for years. Putnam may be best known to collectors as the inventor of the “Lightning” bottle

The Bottle King Cover

The Bottle King A Book Review By Bill Baab Southern Region Editor In little more than a dozen years, Edward Hamlin Everett built the largest glass-producing company in the world. The story of how he did it is told in Edward Hamlin Everett, “The Bottle King,” by G. Wallace Chessman and Curtis W. “Bud” Abbott in a book published in 1991. It may be out of print by the time this is read, but for collectors interested in glass making history, it would be worth the effort of trying to find a copy through internet sources. What kind of man was Everett? A 1925 testimonial written by Harry Jenkins, secretary of the Glass Bottle Blowers Association of the United States and Canada, says, in part “. . .Mr. Everett knew how to make bottles and how to sell them. . .he was one of the first employers when the automatic bottle making machine was put on the market and displaced so many hand workers to so arrange his furnaces as to employ three shifts of blowers to take care of the men thus displaced, recognizing the fact that those men had a moral right to continue at the trade which they had worked so long and hard to acquire.” The Newark (Ohio) Star Glass Works, chartered on Oct. 1, 1873, was purchased by Everett in 1880. The glass

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Ohio Bottle Company and a year later incorporated it into the American Bottle Company capitalized at $10 million, joining Adolphus Busch Glass Manufacturing Company of St. Louis and the factories of the Streator (Ill.) Bottle and Glass Company and those of Ohio Bottle at Massillon, Wooster and Newark. Michael J. Owens created the first automatic bottle making machine in 1903, but it was 1905 before Everett put one to work in his Newark plant.. By 1914, no fewer than 14 of the machines were at work. In addition to his glass-making concerns, Everett had invested in oil fields and natural gas operations en route to becoming a multimillionaire. Among products manufactured by Everett were demijohns up to 5 gallons, carboys up to 14 gallons, pint, quart and half-gallon Lightning fruit jars, lettered (embossed) wine, claret, hock, cognac and tokay bottles, turn mold brandy or wine bottles, bulb-necked (like lady’s legs) wine bottles, different styles of mineral water, pop and Weiss beer bottles, wide- and narrow-mouth packers, private mould whiskey bottles, beer and Appolinaris bottles and export style beers. The book details Everett’s private life as well, including his mansions, farms and ranches. He died at the age of 77 on April 26, 1929, just months before the stock market crash. Co-author Abbott died at age 83 on July 28, 2002.

Wares made by Everett stopper. As a matter of fact, 1881 advertisements were touting the advantages of Everett’s fruit jars and jelly glasses, including the “Lightning” fruit jar that Putnam patented under that name that same year. E v e r e t t ’s business had its ups and downs over the next few years, but by 1896, it was reported that the glass works was manufacturing “thirty to forty tons of glass bottles daily.” In 1904, Everett formed the $4 million Edward Everett and CS Miller


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November - December 2010 which was nothing less than fascinating, providing an interesting look back at the patent medicine era. I think Ken Burns could find a story here! The Bicentennial Celebration of the Mount Vernon Glass Company was held in September at the Town of Vernon Town Hall, Vernon, N.Y. The company was founded in 1810, producing bottles and tableware. Many pieces are now housed in museums across the country. There was an exhibit of glass, a special pictorial cancellation event by the U.S. Postal Service, and a power point presentation given by the Vernon Historical Society. Two of the most famous flasks made by Mt. Vernon were two different Tippecano cabins, made for the 1840 presidential campaign of William Henry Harrison. One of these cabin flasks appeared on a U.S. postage stamp honoring glassmaking.

Northeast Regional News Chris Davis 522 Woodhill Newark, NY 14513 (315) 331-4078 cdavis016@rochester.rr.com Bottles Along the Mohawk Mohawk Valley Antique Bottle Club, Utica, N.Y. It was reported in the August newsletter that Howard Dean is the Mineral Water columnist for “Antique Bottle & Glass Collector” magazine. Howard is a founding member of MVABC, an FOHBC Hall of Famer, and no stranger to the bottle collecting world. All the articles are carefully researched and provide valuable information to all collectors of Saratoga-type mineral water bottles. Recent articles have focused on I.D. Bottles of Rome, N.Y., Bethesda Springs, and the Low Dynasty of Horseshoe, N.Y. Howard never fails to amaze. Interesting monthly meeting programs have included Peter Bleiberg on “Old Utica,” which brought back many memories, and Ron Weir’s “Patent Medicines and the Pure Food & Drug Act of 1906.” September featured the annual “Huge Bottle Sale” where members can sell and buy bottles right at the club meeting! It is one of the most popular events of the year. We’ve all heard about Traveling Medicine Shows of the 19th and early 20th centuries. They could be quite a production, including actors who portrayed Native Americans, and real Native Americans, horses and other animals, including bears (!), wagons, and more. The medicine man would hawk his product, giving away plenty of free samples. Oftentimes, the shows would be held in front of a drug store in town, where large crowds would gather. The article featured in the newsletter was based on an interview with a Mr. John Koger, whose doctor called him “about 120 years old” at the time of the interview (which was undated). Tom Kanalley provided the article,

The Bottle Worm The Apple Valley Bottle Collecting Club, Winchester, Va. Sixteen members and three guests attended the annual summer picnic. Because of the hot weather this summer, it was held inside at the Butcher Block Buffet Restaurant in Stephens City. Meetings are often held at members’ homes. October’s was held at Greg Printz’s home. Greg’s book, “Shenandoah Area Bottles,” was available at the meeting and the show. The 36th annual Show & Sale was Sept. 19th at Mt. Carmel Baptist church in Winchester. There were over 30 dealers, displays, hourly raffles and early admission. The Digger The Richmond Area Bottle Collectors Association, Richmond, Va. The June picnic drew about 30 people. Professional bluegrass/gospel musician and club member Jimmy Wooten performed after the lunch. Later,

Bottles and Extras the club raffle was held. Scott Copal won a Union-Clasped Hands calabash flask. Scott is quite often the raffle winner, it appears. It was an afternoon of mingling, bottle talk and swapping stories. The picnic concluded with an auction, the highlight for many. Ten percent of the proceeds are donated to the club, which help fund the cost of the food. The September newsletter included photographs with captions of the Shupp’s Grove, Pa., outdoor bottle show in July, and the FOHBC National Show in Wilmington, Ohio, in early August. The photos of the national really captured the large size of the show room. The Shupp’s Grove photos showed dealers’ tables under shade trees. September’s program was given by Tony Townsend on “Colonial Black Glass.” Show and sale plans were finalized for the October 2nd event. Members with Facebook pages were encouraged to promote the Richmond show. Bits and Pieces Empire State Bottle Collectors Association, Syracuse, N.Y September’s program was “Unexpected Discoveries” by Ray Thomas of Ithaca. The program concerned unlikely finds at his job at a recycling center. Ray is also an avid digger. I’m sure this program was interesting! David Tuxill wrote about the Wilmington, Ohio, National held Aug. 6-8. Eight club members travelled together in a rented van to the show. Carol and John Spellman planned the trip. The driving responsibilities were shared. All went well, except for a traffic jam due to an accident near Columbus. There were many complements on the show, seminars, displays, and the convention center. Some of the group went to a large flea market a few miles from the show on Saturday morning, while others attended seminars. Gary Schaap and John Golley went on the road to give a program on their privy digging and bottle collecting experiences for the Pulaski Historical Society. This no doubt promoted great


Bottles and Extras interest in the hobby, the club and its two bottle shows. Applied Seals Genesee Valley Bottle Collectors Association, Rochester, N.Y. The club’s website is updated as time allows by busy webmaster Jim Bartholomew, who also serves as newsletter editor and much more. All is now up to date, including information on meetings and the 2011 Show & Sale (April 17th). Jim will be posting many photos of the 2010 show soon. The September newsletter traditionally includes the club membership roster. Changes and any errors are included in the October issue. A collecting code is used. There are 102 total categories! As editor, Jim also tries to include any bottle inquiries, which come in by email and mail on a regular basis. There were two such inquires this month, including someone looking for a bottle from his family’s dairy In Rochester. I’m sure eBay has helped many people in their quest as well. A report on the annual “Bottle Nuts at Madison-Bouckville,” held in August at the huge MadisonBouckville show. Members of four bottle clubs regularly participate, including Finger Lakes, Syracuse, Rochester, and Utica. Two large tents are filled with bottles and many other things, like stoneware, furniture, postcards, and much more. The show goes almost the whole week. There are over 2,000 dealers throughout the village and in a huge cornfield. Located on scenic Route 20, east of Syracuse, the mini show put on by the “bottle nuts” always draws a crowd of eager buyers all week. Next year’s dates are August 14-21. For info on the event: www.bouckvilleantiqueshows.com The Applied Lip Finger Lakes Bottle Collectors Association, Ithaca, N.Y. The June picnic was held at the beautiful Upper Buttermilk Falls Park in Ithaca, with a very good turnout. The tailgating at this picnic is second to none. Chef Kurt Kabelac took

November - December 2010 care of the cooking. After the picnic, newsletter editor Abbey Nash emailed photos to everyone. The May meeting speakers were Jay Travis on “Trade Cards and their Bottles,” and Dick Sheffield on “Sheffield Dairy Products.” The club plans to donate a number of books from the club library to the National Bottle Museum. The librarian also serves as archivist, who is responsible for keeping historical club items. Traveler’s Companion Greater Buffalo Bottle Collectors Association, Buffalo, N.Y. The September show and sale was very successful, with a good, steady crowd throughout the day. This year, about 15 tables were added in a formerly unused area. The show was a sellout. Bottle appraisala were conducted, with an amazing turnout. There was constant activity all day long. Many had to wait in line. No doubt this increased the show gate tremendously. Dealers came from as far away as Louisville, Ky. Buyers travelled from Illinois and Canada. The two best things about the Polish Falcon’s Hall had to be the lighting and the nice carpeting throughout. No bottles were known to have broken at this show! Dealers were treated to pizza and Buffalo chicken wings at lunchtime, courtesy of GBBCA. Sales were definitely up for most dealers. Merchandise included insulators (three dealers), postcards, advertising, breweriana and bottles in all price ranges. Fifteen club members took part in the “Dead Brewers Tour,” sponsored by the Simon Pure Breweriana Club. A limousine provided the transportation. The tour included several local cemeteries where gravesites of Buffalo brewers were visited. Dave Mik gave an outstanding presentation and prepared a book of photos of the brewers, their grave sites, and breweriana lore for all who participated. The tour ended at a local tavern for Buffalo chicken wings....and beer. An outstanding article on “The Oregon Indian Medicine Co.” by

13 Digger Odell (1998) told the story of some of the many medicines with Indian names. The Shards The Jersey Shore Bottle Club, Toms River, N.J. September’s meeting was “Bring Your Summer Finds” (plus - bring a friend!) “The History of the Swan, Chicken and Rooster as an ornament on Blown Glass” was a fascinating article. Swans were used as decoration as far back as the 2nd century A.D. in Rome. Many theories were mentioned regarding use of swans, including mythological examples. The swan was considered by some to be the god of music. Apollo, the Greek God of the Sun, turned into a swan. It was also a symbol of satisfaction and desire. Chickens were a symbol of prosperity, because by owning chickens, a family would always have food. It was also associated with survival. Many ornamental glass finials in the shape of chickens can be found, in many styles, especially on sugar bowl lids, as well as lamps, mantel ornaments, banks, salts, paperweights, pens, and more, dating from the late 18th to the early 20th centuries. Another great article was on “Devil’s Fire” paperweights, mantel ornaments, etc. This was a South Jersey glassmaking decorative style, meant to imitate the “devil’s fire,” or “fox fire,” a natural phenomena found in the woods and swamps of southern New Jersey where decaying wood gave off a florescent glow at night. The Baltimore Bottle Digger Baltimore Antique Bottle Club, Baltimore, Md. Theme for the September meeting of the BABC seems appropriate for this club as well as many others who take the three months of summer off -- “Summer Finds.” Some dig, some dive, some buy and trade. The thrill of the hunt kicks in with all the wonderful weather the season offers. The June meeting drew 54 members.


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There were at least three new members welcomed and introduced. Plans for the August picnic, well documented with photos in the newsletter, called for

crabs steamed on site by Jim and Greg Franklin, at the home of Mabel and Herb Close. Postcard reminders were sent. The evening’s showcase featured

the ink collection of Ethel Benson. Many members brought in June theme bottles. The program was “Maryland Stories,” by Kristin Schenning, of the

and if you weren’t able to make it here’s what you missed. Weeks before the show, some buddies and I decided to get together and get a group of tables. Our table said Indianapolis Bottle Club across the front. Here was our group: Martin Van Zant, Richard Long, Dick Stringfellow, Bill Granger, Doug Smith and our Ohio host Dave. Bill and Dick went over on Thursday to hit up all the shops on the way. They ended up staying in a motel, hitting up more shops on Friday. Who knows what all they found in those two days. Maybe Bill will bring some of those goodies into the next meeting. Richard and I left on Friday morning. We were fired up and ready to find some lost treasures. We knew that Bill and Dick left the day before, so we wanted to take a different route. We took a road that followed along I-74. Stopped at several places without finding anything that was of interest. Then we stopped at Metamora and had lunch. What a neat little town. They still have part of the old canal there, and the only working locks in the U.S. (at least that’s what they say). They also have a working grist mill, and produce corn meal a couple times a year. Sometime around Labor Day, they have a huge festival and the whole town gets involved. They dress up in olden days gear and have a blast. All the houses have been kept in their original state. They look like a bunch of homes that were built in the 1860s and 1870s. We went into several homes that had been converted into antique stores. We also went into the grist mill which still had some of the original gears. Neat stuff, you should check it out if you get the chance. We ended up talking to several nice people throughout, but still no bottle goodies. We ended up in

Hillsboro, Ohio around 5 p.m. About 15 minutes later, Bill and Dick arrived. Doug was to come in the morning. Our host Dave put us up at a five-star ranch, out in the middle of nowhere. Peaceful is the word to describe his humble abode. Dave has a log cabin on 100 acres in Hillsboro, Ohio. Wow, what a wonderful place to hang out for two days. Dave fed us and entertained us. We talked bottles all night. We woke up bright and early at 6 a.m. on Saturday. The show didn’t open until noon, so we went to several garage sales and even an auction. We all bought a few things before the show. I ended up with a lightning rod and stand. Finally, it was getting around 11 a.m. and off to the show we went. While having lunch my phone rang, and it was June Lowry with the FOHBC election results. I found out that I won the position of Midwest Regional Director! When the show doors finally opened, we were all chomping at the bits. We found our tables, even without a table layout. We placed our boxes (full of sales items) on the tables and off we went. The first bottle I found was an Anton Mayor from Terre Haute – an amber blob beer. It is a nice bottle, and one which I have been trying to find for a long time. The next round I found a broken piece in an awesome color. It was a Cloud’s Cordial in a funky green yellow. The bottle itself is dirty and has a hole in the corner, but still a nice addition. I have a good amber one, but not a yellow green one. I don’t think at any one point that everyone in our group was present at the sales tables. The next round I found a pontiled M. Wanger soda bottle from “Indianopolis”. Notice the misspelling, which I think is neat. I had to stop and breathe for a while. I have never had a show and found multiple items to keep. Finally 5 p.m. rolls around, and

Midwest Regional News Joe Coulson 10515 Collingswood Lane Fishers, IN 46038 (317) 915 - 0665 jcoulson@leaderjar.com Hello, bottle collectors! Welcome to another installment of the Midwest region news report. The season has changed to Fall, and bottle shows and activities are still going strong! We love to hear from the Midwest bottle clubs – keep sending in those news items… please, please, please and thank you! Antique Bottle Club of Illinois Dorothy Furman is the newsletter editor of the ABCNI, and Jeff Dahlberg is president. The club has been holding its meetings at the Antioch Senior Center, 817 Holbeck, Antioch, Ill. The August meeting was held at the home of Ron Neumann. The club was treated to a view of the new items added to Ron’s back yard. Ron has added an addition to his outhouse – namely an animal head! It had to go there because his wife told him “under no circumstances will it take up residence in the house!” The club is planning a club dig in the future. During show and tell Ron Neumann, Sr. displayed a J.A. Lomax Hutch in cobalt blue. He found this bottle while walking along the river! For information on joining the ABCNI, you may contact: Dorothy Furman, 26287 W. Marie Ave., Antioch, IL 60002. Circle City Antique Bottle Club Martin Van Zant is the newsletter editor. The August newsletter contained a trip report by Martin concerning the FOHBC National Show: The national show came and went,

Bottles and Extras


Bottles and Extras we are just tired as all get out. You can see the puffy eyes starting on everyone. We went for a quick bite to eat before the exclusive auction started. While waiting in line for the auction to start, my step-father walks in(Bill Gonterman). He came over just for the auction. He ended up with an Indian Queen and a couple of other bottles. Bill wanted to stay for the rest of the show; however, the rooms were all rented out, so he went home. The auction ended around 10 p.m., and when we finally got back to where we were staying it was midnight. None of us even had a chance to discuss all the fun we’d had or the bottles we looked at. There were literally six-figure bottles on the show floor. There were also a number of five-figure bottles floating around. We ended up going to bed around 1:30 a.m. Wow, what a day! Soon it was Sunday at 5 a.m. and everyone is pumped and tired. We had to be at the show at 7 a.m. One more round, maybe two, as if I hadn’t spent my load already. Richard came back to the table with a J.C. William, LaPorte blob beer. Dick had purchased some trade cards. Doug bought some stuff to resell. I was able to find two pontiled medicines that I didn’t have – both from Elkhart – Brant’s Soothing Balm and a Chamberlain’s. All in all. it had been a fantastic time shopping for bottles. The ride home was sad, but needed. I was bottled out for a couple of days. Martin Van Zant is drumming up support for this new bottle club in Indianapolis, Indiana. The club meets the last Thursday of the month at Ben Davis High School, 1200 N. Girl School Rd. (Door 17, Room U102). You may contact Martin by email at mdvanzant@yahoo.com or by telephone at 812-841-9495. Iowa Antique Bottleers Mark Wiseman (newsletter editor) does a wonderful job each month reporting the IAB happenings. Mike Magee (secretary) regularly supplies old newspaper articles for reprinting in the newsletter.

November - December 2010 Here is an excerpt of the first couple of paragraphs of a report in the September newsletter concerning “Iowa Potters History,” written by Mark Wiseman: In the July newsletter in the Digger’s Scoop, I related about the salt glaze cobalt lettered shards of Iowa Pottery recovered from one of the Marshalltown construction site pits we dug. The shards were glued together to form nearly complete crocks. The first crock is stenciled “Griffee Brothers, Pottery, Boonesboro, Iowa, 3 (inside a star circle)”, and the second is stenciled “4 (double star circle), From Chandler & Deering, Moingona, Iowa.” After reviewing the lists of the Boone County Iowa Potters compiled by Corrinne Reed in the Iowa Chapter Red Wing Collectors Society, “Inside Iowa” newsletter (August 2002), I pursued the available information, which led me to the 1979 Master’s Thesis of Allen Leo Schroeder entitled: “The Stoneware Industry at Moingona, Iowa: An Archaeological and Historical Study of Moingona Pottery Works and Flint Stone Pottery” available in the Iowa State University Library. Mark’s report continued to summarize and describe the interesting history related to the “Chandler & Deering” crock based on details in the aforementioned Master’s Thesis. Maybe we can convince Mark to submit this as an article for a future issue of Bottles & Extras. Here is another excerpt from the September newsletter. This is from Mark Wiseman’s “Digger’s Scoop” column (digging journal entry for Sunday, October 4, 2009): I was on the road back to Chariton in the blue truck to dig with Charlie Musick again, and Charlie then led me over to a house where he had a pit already started but not finished yet. We pulled off the boards covering the spot and took turns digging. There were some old glass shards coming out then a whole large square cobalt bottle embossed “N.Y. Pharmacal Association” which Charlie pulled out. There were shards of a broken teal colored “Sanford’s”

15 master ink but nothing else was whole except a cut glass stopper, and not much to save except a broken figurine base, and a couple of midget Hero fruit jar inserts. While Charlie worked on the outside edges of this pit or it may have just been a trashy area of deep fill, I started another hole that was about ten feet farther south. We were digging next to a garden that was full of some really great looking green peppers, and the owner lady said that she was done with them for this year and we could pick all we wanted, which was great. My hole was maybe four and a half feet deep and full of some metal and other debris, I found a strange metal thing shaped like a bird’s foot, which I thought was cool (I later learned it was part of an early battery). I also dug a bottle embossed “Dr. Pierce, R.W. Pierce M.D. Extract of Smart Weed, Buffalo, N.Y.,” and a machine-made “Dr. D. Jaynes Expectorant, Twenty Five Cents, Quarter Size” bottle, a horseshoe, a horseradish bottle, a jelly jar, a miniature-sized crock container, and two “Foley & Co., Chicago” bottles before filling in the completed pit. We dug two more test holes into trashy fill areas on the same lot but really did not find anything whole, except a match case, two buttons, a doll’s pitcher, and a doll head. The last hole we dug was on the west boundary of this lot and a vacant lot next door next to a tree. This pit did not appear to have distinct boundaries and may have been more than one pit overlapped. It was very old though as we found a broken Shield Flask base embossed “L.F. & Co. Pittsburg,” a broken strapsided “Cunningham & Imsen” flask, a small schoolhouse ink bottle, some shards of a Star fruit jar, some shards of a salt glazed fruit jar, and shards of a chamber pot. Bill Brown’s wife stopped by looking for Bill, who was still out hunting, and got in on the harvest of some green peppers. We got almost a five- gallon bucket of some great peppers. Then it was off to Charles’ house for a short list before heading back to Des Moines. The IAB newsletters always contain


16 wonderful digging stories by Mark Wiseman. He has a regular column, “The Digger’s Scoop,” that tells of his local digging adventures with his dog, the old truck, and various digging friends that join him. You can find out more about IAB membership ($15/yr.) from The Iowa Antique Bottleers, c/o Mark Wiseman, 3503 Sheridan Avenue, Des Moines, IA 50310. Minnesota’s First Antique Bottle Club Barb Robertus is editor of the MFABC newsletter, The Bottle Digger’s Dope. Linda Sandell takes care of the printing and mailing. The club just resumed their monthly meetings after their usual summer break. The September newsletter had a quick report on the Red Wing Collectors Society convention, which was held the week of July 4 – 11: At least five auctions took place, and a lot of nice stoneware was sold. Big ticket items continue to sell well, but as is true in most antique categories, middlemarket items were soft. After a week of auctions and the Pottery Place indoor and outdoor flea market, attendance at the official Saturday show and sale was light, and many dealers told me their sales were soft. Will the Red Wing event change to reflect the fact that a week’s worth of auctions and shopping drains the pocket books of many shoppers prior to the actual show and sale? Stay tuned. The September newsletter also had articles on “Sweden’s Coca-Cola Connection,” “Towle’s Login Cabin Root Beer,” “Hartell’s Fruit Jar,” and more. Membership in the MFABC is $10/ yr. For more information, please contact Linda Sandell, 7735 Silver Lake Road #208, Moundsview, MN 55112. North Star Historical Bottle Club Doug Shilson is editor of the North Star Historical Bottle News. Doug does a great job each month reporting the club’s latest happenings. He puts a lot of effort into recording all the details that take place. Steve Ketcham is the club president. Steve gave the following short trip report of the FOHBC Ohio National

November - December 2010 Show in their Aug/Sep newsletter: This August, Chris and I had the pleasure of driving to Wilmington, Ohio, to participate in the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors National Show. The event was held in a very nice convention facility about 35 miles from Dayton. The last I heard, 297 tables were sold, but that number was said to have grown as a few last-minute dealers arrived. The quality of goods at this show was remarkable. Temptation beckoned from table after table, and I was able to make some nice purchases. We also sold fairly well, though the economy meant many patrons were keeping their hands in their pockets. The displays were plentiful and informative. The crowd enjoyed exhibits of Globe fruit jars, Ohio stoneware, Celery=Cola, Ohio amber milks, strap-sided flasks in a rainbow of colors, midget fruit jars, and even a Mountain Dew display. FOHBC elections were held at the national show this year, and a new slate of officers was installed. The next national show will be held in Memphis, Tennessee in June of 2011 (note: the earlier date – this show is usually held in August). The 2012 Expo will be held in Reno, Nevada. We took our time coming and going, visiting shops in Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio. We had our best luck buying from the smaller, oneowner shops, though the malls did yield a couple of treasures. We especially enjoyed getting off the freeway and driving the National Highway, U.S. 40, from Indianapolis to Richmond. This stretch parallels I-70 and takes the traveler through many antiqueshop-filled small towns. We spent a full day immersed in the good shops, good food, and good people of middle America and loved every minute of it. Better still, we were able to add several nice items to the inventory. For more information on joining the NSHBA, please contact Doug Shilson: 3308 32 Ave. South, Minneapolis, MN 55406-2015.

Bottles and Extras Ohio Bottle Club Phyllis Koch (editor) and Dennis Peine (secretary) are doing a very nice job with The Ohio Swirl, the OBC’s newsletter. Terry Crislip is club president. The Swirl won first place in this year’s FOHBC Newsletter Contest. Congratulations! (Editor Note: The Swirl actually won second place and the Los Angeles club newsletter, The Whittlemark won first place.) George Brewster submitted the following article, “The Lowly Drug Store Bottle,” to the club’s September newsletter: In recent years I’ve begun to focus on collecting Ohio drug store bottles or pharmacy bottles. These were used to dispense prescriptions and also served to advertise the names and addresses of your local pharmacies. Some enterprises were wholesale distributors who tended to use high volume containers including stoneware jugs. Most collectors look with some disdain upon the lowly drug store bottle, but I find them very interesting and fun to collect. They are quite affordable for the average collector with the exception of pontiled and colored examples, and they come in many shapes and sizes with a wide variety of embossing. I prefer to collect only those with some sort of pictorial, like a mortar and pestle, birds, animals, fancy monograms, scales and the like. I have naturally had to limit my collecting to Ohio towns only. The larger cities had many more pharmacies than the smaller towns. Cleveland, for example, counts 696 thus far and this of course includes variations of the same drug store. I read somewhere that Ohio had at one time over 16,000 independently owned pharmacies. Try finding bottles from these towns: Arcadia, Ashtabula Harbor, Canal Dover (now Dover), Chicago (now Willard), Chagrin Falls, Martins Ferry, Mingo Junction, Hyde Park, Quaker City, Jewett, St. Bernard, McComb, Leipsic, Magnolia, Carthage, Toronto, Grand Rapids, Burton City, Racine, Hudson, Leetonia, Delaware, Pomeroy and the list goes on. Some of the wording and locations


Bottles and Extras are also interesting and fun, like “next to the Opera House,” or “across from the Wagon Works.” Some establishments were more than drug stores, like “Pharmacist and Grocer,” “Druggist and Bookkeeper,” or “Chemist and Stationer.” Collecting these bottles also allows for a great variety of go-withs like signage, pottery and stoneware, mortar and pestles, apothecary jars, display cabinets and pharmaceutical artifacts of all kinds, including quackery items, leech jars, show globes, etc. I’ve noticed that in the last couple of years this category of collecting is finally gaining some overdue respect. Perhaps we need to include one once in a while in our [monthly club] raffle drawing. Most of the bottles that I have date from approximately 1875 to 1910 and all are pre-bottle machine. I have only one pontiled example thus far, and it dates to approximately 1850. There are some pontiled bottles out there, but they are hard to come by. Many, in fact, come from the Zanesville area. As always, color is king, and I have a few in various colors such as cobalt, honey amber, amber, emerald green, amethyst and teal. Recent auction prices have brought values up into the $200 $700 range. I find collecting these bottles a lot of fun and sometimes very challenging, especially on my income. I prefer to dig them, but at my age that is becoming even more challenging. For more information on joining the OBC, please contact Berny Baldwin (treasurer), 1931 Thorpe Circle, Brunswick, OH 44212. The club also has a new website which can be found at: http://www.ohiobottleclub.com. Details about their milk bottle book can be found there also. Findlay Antique Bottle Club Tom Brown (newsletter editor) of the FABC submitted their newsletter (Whittle Marks). Tom typically reprints several articles for club members in their newsletter. The FABC has a good website with pictures from their annual shows. You

November - December 2010 should check it out: http://finbotclub. blogspot.com/.Richard Elwood is club president. Monthly club meetings are held at the University of Findlay. Huron Valley Bottle & Insulator Club (HVBIC) Michele and Shaun Kotlarsky are newsletter editors for The Embossing, club newsletter. Bob Powell is club president. A new issue of the newsletter has not been available for a while. The HVBIC meetings are held at the First National Bank, 8080 Challis Rd., Brighton, Mich. You can find out much more about the HVBIC online at their website: http://web.mac.com/macz/ HVBIC. Their old newsletters can be viewed there also. Kalamazoo Bottle Club Al Holden is the newsletter editor. Here is an excerpt from what he had to say in the September newsletter about a particular Kalamazoo bottle that he was able to acquire at a local auction: I mentioned that a lady found our club website while she was searching for information about a Kalamazoo bottle. As it turned out, she works with a group of folks who handle estate sales! I guess building the club a web site and posting my e-mail address finally has paid off! Her bottle had no embossing, and it could have been be a very early ‘A.B.M.’ machine-made bottle judging by her picture, but it turned out to be hand-finished, with a clean and bright label! It is a Kalamazoo Celery Compound bottle! I answered all of her questions and I told her that her $25 price tag (that was stuck on the bottle in her picture) was very fair, but I think I may have lost her trust when I tried to buy the bottle. Frankly, I didn’t really know what the value of her bottle was, but was sure that 100% of the value is in that nice label. I told her that at one time the city of Kalamazoo was known as the Celery City. When I was a kid, that description of Kalamazoo was grinding to a halt. I do recall some celery flats in the North

17 Douglas and Mosel areas. Does anyone in Kalamazoo raise celery today? Well, since last month, I did some research on the Kalamazoo Celery industry from days gone by. In its heyday, Kalamazoo not only grew most of the celery used in America, but the industry imported it from other states in the off-season to distribute it through its established marketing channels. One of the articles that I found blamed the paper industry for creating one of the downfalls of the celery industry! This was because they sank deep wells all around the Kalamazoo area which lowered the water table! Another problem was that the farmers didn’t realize the importance of rotating their crops. The celery industry also spawned an abundance of patent medicines by energetic hucksters. At the turn of the century, celery was thought to have “ever-soothing” and aphrodisiac properties sold to strengthen a person’s “exhausted nature.” It was claimed that celery products could purify blood, quiet nerves, regulate the liver, renovate the kidneys, relieve stomach disorders, and treat nervous disease. Some of the patent medicine manufactures were legitimate drug manufacturers, such as the Upjohn Company. Al went on to describe his adventures getting to the local auction where the bottle went up for sale. He was able to make the purchase. Chuck Parker is club president, and you can contact him for more information about their club at: 607 Crocket Ave., Portage, MI 49024 (ph: 616-329-0853). The club meets regularly at the Kalamazoo Public Library, located at 315 S. Rose Street. Midwest Antique Fruit Jar & Bottle Club The MAFJBC has members nationwide and is heavily fruit jar focused. Their meetings are generally held the first Sunday of the month at 1:30 p.m. in the Cantina at Minnetrista, which is located in Muncie, Indiana. Dave Rittenhouse is club president. Joe Coulson (yes, that’s me!) is the


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newsletter editor. At the June meeting, Dick Cole announced that he now has an office at 405 S. Walnut St. in Muncie, Indiana (first door south of Casello’s Kitchenware). Dick has his Ball Corporation collectibles on display. Dick is retired from Ball and is very knowledgeable on the subject of fruit jars. The club lending library is also housed at his office. He loves to entertain visitors, so contact him to set up your own visit. The MAFJBC has a website: http:// www.fruitjar.org. Future meeting details as well as lots and lots of pictures from their semi-annual shows can be found there. Wabash Valley Antique Bottle & Pottery Club Martin Van Zant is newsletter editor for The Wabash Cannonball, the

WVABPC’s monthly newsletter. Peggy Zimmer is the club president. Ed Newman (club secretary) gave this report in the club’s September newsletter: The club picnic was great, and the day was beautiful! The food was a taste of homemade goodness: key lime pie, chicken n’ noodles, cheesie potatoes, fried chicken, green beans, cookies and even some pies and cakes. Time Pillow from Evansville brought in some items from Evansville to show off. Tony, Jo, Kelsey and Neal Stringfellow from Sullivan had some really nice stuff. Tony had a very cool colored 1915 Coke bottle in a rare green coloration. I bought a nice amber wax sealer from Kevin Pringle, who stopped in from Casey, Illinois. Gary Zimmer from Paris, Illinois stopped in, and he brought a rare Chero-Cola bottle from Paris, as well as a few other rare Paris

bottles, including a rare straightsided Coke bottle. Scott Stepp, along with his son, brought some rare Root and Rall jars. Scott and son also gave the presentation on the many different variations of the Root and Rall jars. Did I mention the new Midwest Regional Director for the FOHBC, Martin Van Zant, was there? He’s also our newsletter editor, and brought a box of real good stuff he purchased at the National show. Tony won the big Coca-Cola bottle shootout. There were so many good Coke bottles in one place that it was hard to pick the winner. The WVABPC holds their monthly meeting at Shadows Auction Barn, 1517 Maple Ave., Terre Haute, Ind. Club dues are $10/yr. For more information, please contact Gary Zimmer (treasurer), 10655 Atherton Rd., Rosedale, IN 47874.

Dean Haley’s July presentation featured some of his impressive Pepsi-Cola items, including rare cartons made of cardboard, paper, aluminum and even Masonite. One of the best features about the newsletter is that anyone with a personal computer can check out all of its contents at www.raleighbottleclub.org. The super website is maintained by member Robert Creech. Linda Buttstead edits The Glass Bubble, newsletter of the Suncoast Antique Bottle Collectors Association (more familiarly known as the “St. Pete Club”) and somehow finds the time to do many other things for her club. Such as, designing the flyer for next year’s show (Jan. 7-8) at the Civic Center, updating the contract and information sheet to be sent to dealers, and staying in touch with the Convention and Visitors Bureau for making reservations for dealers and visitors to the show. She also submits information and ads about the show to four area daily newspapers, plus others for Bottles

and Extras and Antique Bottle & Glass Collector. Dale Sanders presented the September program on crown top bottles. The August issue of The Groundhog Gazette, newsletter of The State of Franklin (Tenn.) Antique Bottle & Collectibles Association edited by Melissa Milner, featured color images of some of the show and tell entries. One was a paper-labeled Happy Valley Corn Whiskey bottle from Bristol, Virginia-Tennessee (the city is shared by both states) shown by member Gerry Brown. Another was an applied color label Yankee Doodle Root Beer bottle, while young Nathan Milner showed of a 150-year-old, pontiled ink from his collection. Geff Moore showed an ACL Five Points soda bottled by the NuGrape Bottling Co., of Atlanta and a Milk-Botl from St. Louis, Mo. He is looking for background information on the latter. Mrs. Milner also warned collectors of Speas jars to beware of fakes. She says fake pint-sized SPEAS U-SAVIT jars have appeared on eBay. She said the fakes are easily identified, once e

Southern Regional News Bill Baab 2352 Devere Street Augusta, GA 30904 (706) 736 - 8097 riverswamper@comcast.net It can be really tough to publish a monthly bottle club newsletter, especially when members aren’t forthcoming with news you can use. That’s why a number of editors have switched to publishing their stuff on a bi-monthly basis and it’s paid off for Marshall Clemens. He is the editor of Bottle Talk, the newsletter of the Raleigh (N.C.) Bottle Club. Instead of having to worry about putting out a newsletter for each of the 12 months, Marshall has an extra month to gather material. His July-August issue featured color photos of a number of classy bottles, most hailing from some place in North Carolina. There are exceptions, such as the ten-pin-shaped Coca-Cola bottle from Danville, Va., shown by owner Frank Bishop.

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November - December 2010

Bottles and Extras you know what to look for. There also have been fake half-gallon Speas jars, according to a website maintained by Greg Spurgeon.. Johnnie Fletcher, president of the Oklahoma Territory Bottle & Relic Club, and longtime editor of Oklahoma Territory News, featured a super-rare Republic of Texas bottle on the cover os his August issue. The bottle is embossed Prices / Patent / Texas / Tonic on one side and Republic / Of / Texas on the other. The bottle, in superb condition, sold for $10,000 on eBay. Fletcher always features Oklahoma bottles and pottery sold on eBay. A mini jug stenciled Compliments of / Harsha & / Spaulding / Muscogee / I.T. (Indian Territory) sold for $850, even though the original top and handle had been replaced. He noted that there are still some old jugs

bearing recent stencils (101 Ranch and Harms Bar) circulating and selling to the unwary and uninformed. The September issue featured Mark Wiseman (and Elsie, his 16-year-old “pup”) in Digging Iowa stories that filled most of the newsletter’s 13 pages. Among items sold on eBay were a Comanche Bottling Works, Comanche, I.T. (Indian Territory) Hutchinson for $433 and a mini jug stenciled Harper Rye / Compliments of / J.S. Thomas / Newkirk, O.T. (Oklahoma Territory) for $1,600! Brenda Baratto, new secretary and newsletter editor of the Horse Creek Bottle Club of Warrenville, S.C., published her first Probe & Plunder newsletter. It featured color images of four pieces of Southern pottery stolen from an auction barn. The pottery was the

property of member Leo Eubanks. Mrs. Baratto also showed a book on Dave, the slave potter, written for children. Its title is Dave the Potter: Artist, Poet, Slave. Author is Laban Carrick Hill and the book is published by Little, Brown and Company. Cost is $16.99 and is available through most book stores. Mike Newman presented September’s program, showing tapes of digs in Augusta, Ga., and Charleston, S.C., in which he participated. He and a friend dug more than 150 iron-pontiled sodas in Charleston over a two-week period. One Augusta privy dig turned up an early (1820s) Edgefield District, S.C., ovoid jug. No meeting was held during August because of the super-hot weather. The meeting place is not air-conditioned. .

devastation of the area on the way up to Gold Hill. Ken and I made it to the Leadville show this year. We had not been there in a couple of years. All the tables were sold out, according to Rick. We have to agree with Rick that it was a very successful show. We can prove it by the fact that we couldn’t get a parking spot first time through the parking lot and once inside, we had to “squeeze” past folks to get through the crowded isles. We certainly are not complaining, we are just describing the scene. Ken had to remind me that we had only so much room in his truck per show as we toured the “show route” this summer. This was not a restriction in my mind, only a challenge. Rick said that “A freshly dug unknown amber Denver cylinder whiskey was unveiled at the show to many a member’s delight. Most of us couldn’t believe our eyes.”

sat outside under shade trees while member Mike McKillop took barbeque requests. “The view was spectacular as Kent and Margie’s home is on top of a hill that overlooks the valley with Folsom Lake in the distance. A pool if you wanted to cool off and a house packed full of bottles and collectibles was not far away. The first thing that catches your eye when you walk into the house is Margie’s transferware.” She is the person to contact if you have questions on English Pink. Margie has a web page that you might want to check out: www.englishpink.net Vice-President Mike Henness brought several bottles that were given out as door prizes. From the picture in their newsletter, it looks like the club had a real treat. There were 10 or 11 prizes sitting on a table with the caption “DOOR PRIZES.” The four bottles I could see appeared to be generously embossed. Also among the items were a couple of nice fruit jars and a purple insulator.

Bottle Bug Briefs Forty-Niner Historical Bottle Association The setting for this year’s picnic was at Kent and Margie Williams’ home. About 30 members and guests

Las Vegas Antique Bottles and Collectibles Club An article on Plantation Bitters – The Rum Way to Health – “Taken from OBX 1970” by Jeanne R. Shiell,

Western Regional News Ken Lawler & “Dar” 6677 Oak Forest Drive Oak park, CA 91377 (818) 889 - 5451 kenlawler@roadrunner.com Dump Digger’s Gazette Antique Bottle Collectors of Colorado As usual, this club’s newsletter is full of colorful pictures of such collectibles as advertisements and jugs. In one newsletter, there was a colorful accounting of the club picnic that is annually held at Rick’s cabin in Gold Hill. One picture shows a large grassy area where club members were seated outside of Rick’s cabin, probably swapping stories. Another picture shows club members in front of the Gold Hill Historical Museum. Rick said that luckily Gold Hill was not burned in the Boulder fire this year. Rick had been up to check on his place and his favorite Gold Hill Inn. He said there was going to be a community dinner at the Inn so that neighbors can meet with neighbors and draw upon each other’s strength to get through their current situation. He also mentioned that it is a sobering trip to see all the darkened

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appeared in this club’s newsletter. Most every collector is familiar with, and fascinated by, the design of the plantation bitters bottle. The author gave some early history of same. She describes the bottle as a gloppy-topped, fairly common figural bitters bottle. She said the crudeness of the log cabin bottle appeals to many collectors. Favorite colors are citron, puce, green and black. There is a four-log and sixlog version and an occasional five-log specimen. Jeanne explains that the Drakes Plantation Bitters first appeared in 1860 and records a patent in 1862. Further she explains that “P.H. Drake was a colonel in the Civil War” and had plenty of reasons for the miscellaneous dots and marks including an x on the base of these bottles.” They were marks of identification for the various glass houses that molded them. Included in the article was the colonel’s recipe for making a batch. Another article of interest was “The History of Antique School Tables (from Love to Know antiques).” The article reads like this: The very first school desk was patented on April 2, 1889 by Anna Breadin. U.S. Patent number 400,738 features excellent illustrations of this beautiful desk. With a wooden seat supported by flowing and graceful metal legs, Breadin’s design featured an additional pair of metal supports that held a writing surface as well as a storage shelf underneath. Created out of cast iron and wood, like most furniture of the time period, the design introduced a new concept in school furniture. This invention provided an answer to the problem most schoolhouses faced in the early 1800s. Students normally sat on benches and had to hold slates and slate pencils in their hands. Since most schoolwork also involved the need to read from books, students had to struggle with balancing writing, reading and also raising their hands to answer questions. The school table provided students with a place to store tablets, books and supplies.” The Whittlemark Los Angeles Historical Bottle Club

Our club’s annual show was described as having a great turnout and a crowded hall for most of the morning. Money exchanged hands and people were carrying out heavylooking bags full of unknowns to Ken and I, but treasures to them. The three men responsible for managing the show were chairman Don Wippert, assistant Dick Homme and display chairman Bob Manthorne. There were dealers from different California areas, Arizona, Utah and even one from Albion, New York. Several San Diego club members showed up as buyers and we believe at least one had signed on as a dealer, maybe more. The president of the San Diego club remarked that there were more San Diego bottles at our show this year than in the past. The four displays were: John Swearingen’s jelly servers and cups. Val Wippert won the People’s Choice Award with a back-lit display of her finest, most colorful perfumes. President Dave Maryo showed off his “American Antique Bottles South of U.S.” Dave won Best Educational. There was a brilliant display of Dave Kyle’s 16 barrel bitters. Dave won the Best Historical Award. In addition, each winner received a $50 redeemable voucher to be spent at the show. Editor Blaine Greenman was awarded first place in the FOHBC Newsletter Contest this year. He had his picture taken at his club’s show with his award-winning plaque. This is the plaque that is annually awarded. There was stiff competition this year. Competition is what makes a good editor even better. Congratulations, Blaine for your consistently good work. The Big Sky – Glass Gazette Montana Bottle Collectors Association “The Outhouse Patrol” is what the digging team of James Campiglia and Reggie Shoeman is recognized as. These guys are known to dig day or night. In your travels if you happen to spot Reggie’s Patrol camper along with his backhoe parked somewhere, it is a sure sign that the guys are probably digging somewhere nearby.

Bottles and Extras The Bozeman Daily Chronicle, Bozeman, Mont., published a newspaper article regarding the “The Outhouse Patrol.” It appeared in a September 2010 issue (Copyright 2010). I cannot legally quote anything from that article in this magazine without permission, but if some of you would like to read it, I think James Campiglia can help you with that. James put an article in the Bottle Bits and Pieces section of their newsletter about the following dig. He said that they found an outhouse in downtown Bozeman. He also mentioned that permission had been granted for the dig. The dig started about 7 p.m. when he noticed a new area that had been scraped by big equipment. James figured it was an outhouse right away, but Reggie, used to “false alarms” (aren’t we all?), just sauntered over from where he was to see what James had found. Reggie must have agreed with James because they started to “Dig In.” Their first clue it might be a good hole was that they saw a wooden beam at the bottom. While James was using a lighter tool pushing dirt off the wall, he said that a drugstore bottle popped out! It was a “light amber 5-inch bottle embossed Roecher & Alward, Prescription Druggists, Bozeman, Mont.” In addition, three plain pumpkinseed flasks were found. James said the hole was difficult to work because it was mucky with lots of boots, shoes and clothes they had to pull out. When another bottle was discovered, it turned out to be an embossed Bozeman Bottling Co. bottle. As James flashed light down into the hole he told Reggie that there was another bottle down there. From looking down into the hole at the shoulder of the bottle, James told Reggie the embossment would read “A. Landt, Livingston!” James was right! When James further examined the entire bottle, he said that it is “a real beauty in great shape, too!” Later, he said he realized “it’s not just a great bottle, as Livingston’s only Hutch-type soda, but it’s a M.T. – A Montana Territory bottle!”


Bottles and Extras While Reggie was finishing up the hole that was on the other side of the site, he found an “Oppenheimer & Asch, Sole Distributors, Helena, Mont.” liquor bottle. Though James was not familiar with the bottle, he thought it was a great find. Even though the dig had turned into a daylight-to-dark dig, the diggers seemed to be well satisfied. They actually found additional “good stuff” about 1 in the morning. It sounds like the guys shared another great dig! The Stumptown Report Oregon Bottle Collectors Association This year Ken and I decided to drive up to the Aurora, Oregon show. The first table we approached was the “Dennis” table. At that point, Jim and Julie Dennis were actively engaged with potential buyers. Additionally, Jim’s dad was involved in both selling his items and sharing his humor. After having seen the names Mark Junker, Bill Bogynska and Scott Slowter in the club’s newsletter, we finally had a chance to meet them. We also became acquainted with Garth Ziegenhagen who has authored some articles for the FOHBC magazine. What a great group of enthusiastic folks. The entire show had a “homey” atmosphere to it. While Ken talked to some folks upstairs, I took off downstairs where I became acquainted with dealer Chuck Rollins. I purchased a “coffee-table” sized book on American Indians from him. Some folks were gathered at June and Wayne Lowry’s table. Wayne was explaining about his cleaning machine and items associated with it. As most of you are aware, June is the business manager for the FOHBC and Wayne is convention director. It appeared that their visit was totally a pleasure for those who took the opportunity to chat with them. Wayne said he experienced “good sales.” Scott, the club’s webmaster, reported that “the club site has been getting lots of hits from all over the world.” Scott’s son has been helping maintain the website for the club. In case it hasn’t been mentioned before,

November - December 2010 their website is: www.obcaweb.org. Go click around on it. It is impressive. Although there was a Don mentioned as having brought in some items for show and tell that he dug, I don’t have a last name. However, here are some of his items: There was a clear Owl Drug, a cobalt W.H. Hooker & Co. and a cobalt flat panel Woodard, Clarke & Co. Chemists, Portland drug bottle. Additionally he showed a sunburst pumpkinseed, an amber indented panel Woodard, Clarke & Co. Pharmacists, a small cobalt triangular Owl Drug Co. poison (Editor’s exclamation: Wow!) and a Dr. Vanderpool’s /S.B./ Cough & Consumption / Cure. “It was noteworthy how exceptionally clean these bottles were.” It was pretty evident that Jim, Julie and others who participated put on a great show! The A-Z Collector

Phoenix Antiques Bottles & Collectibles Club

At one club meeting, Lisa Helm, who is in charge of arranging programs, introduced Helen Holmes, who captivated members with her “Americana” program. Helen herself wore a red and white striped hat, a red, white and blue top and a navy blue skirt. Her shoes were probably navy blue, too. Her items included stuffed dolls on and below the table and maybe a teddy bear. Helen’s American collectibles were some wood carvings of dolls wearing patriotic colors, plates, pins, books, pictures and much more. She had even adorned the wall behind the two tables with various flags and I believe that Uncle Sam hung proudly on the wall. It was explained that “Helen got started collecting during her Girl Scout years after a tour of Washington, D.C. Her favorite president is McKinley. Although she included a little information on additional historic people such as Martha Washington, Dolly Madison, Lincoln, Teddy Roosevelt and the fact the teddy bear was named after him.” Here’s a collection in a category that caught my attention. It may catch yours, too. This is how it starts out:

21 MY COLLECTION – Story by Marti Attoun, contributing editor – PHOTOS BY JARED DORT Then it continues: “Stuck on Gum – Savoring a sweet hobby for six decades” by Joanne Brunet. A picture in the article is of Joanne with three show cases behind her containing at least three deep shelves each. The caption reads: “Joanne Brunet, who has collected chewing gum since the 1940s, showcases her cherished collection in a backyard gallery at her home in Quartzite, Arizona.”’ She has collected 4,000 packs of gum over the last 68 years. Her family was poor when she was a child and gum was all they could afford. Joanne remembers, “We’d split the pack and save one stick for the collection.” Her husband has built 112 glass-covered cases in which to display the treasured collection. The inspiration for a display gallery and display cases originated with her husband having to move boxes around to get to other things (Can you relate to this?) What’s the oldest gum in her collection? It is a stiff stick of 1932 Wrigley’s Doublemint. The age of the stick has been authenticated with Wrigleys. Joanne would love to have a package of John Curtis’ gum. She said it was about America’s first commercial chewing gum. Additionally, she shares her research with us as to the history of gum. “In 1848, Curtis made and sold ‘State of Maine Pure Spruce Gum,’ but his idea wasn’t original. People have chewed gum since ancient times, chomping sap and resin from spruce trees in Northern forests, mastic trees in the Mediterranean, and sapodilla trees in Central America to clean teeth and freshen breath.” Helen also has a variety of other items included in her collection. For example, there are gumball machines, advertisements and gum packages from 30 countries. digger’s dirt Reno Antique Bottle Club Here is a quote from this club’s newsletter regarding this year’s show: “The displays at the show were few,


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but great. A big thank you goes to Marty Hall for spearheading the Cutter Whiskey Display. There were really some gorgeous colors among the 42 whiskies. We also owe a big thank you to all those collectors that brought their prized Cutter Whiskies to show. Ben Kutzkey, from Bishop, California, won the Grand award for his display of beers. Marty got first place for his swirled bottles and editor Helene Walker got second place for her ink display along with the Federation ribbon.” There was another outstanding display this year. It was a miners’ clothing display. Changing rooms were provided years ago so that miners could change clothes at shift end. The requirement was to prevent high-grading gold or silver from the mines. There were pits located outside of the changing rooms’ building. When determined, the used clothing was thrown into these pits. Some 100 years or more after that, club member Ron Bommarito’s friend decided to dig one of these pits. He dug through dirt and dealt with boulders for about ten feet before he started finding old clothes. Even dirty and dusty, the clothes were like they had just been discarded. It was stated that that this was probably due to the depth and the lack of moisture in the hole. “The age of the garments ranges from the 1870s up to the 1920s.” Considered one of the best finds was an intact Levi jacket. Additionally, there were Levi pants, shirts, buckle back jeans, canvas work pants and old caps. “Scattered among the clothes, and in pockets, were old

papers that related to the age of the clothes.” Ron Bommarito’s friend set up the display. Although his friend did not find any bottles, he did find some carbide miners’ lamps. In doing some research, the digger discovered that any labor disputes were the result of having to use the changing rooms. There were several dealers from Northern and Southern California, as well as other states. There were a couple of highlights from the show that impressed Ken and I. The first was Jeff Wichmann from American Bottle Auctions who had a couple of tables. He and Tom Fox had hauled boxes of bottles to the show. Hordes of people at least five-people thick were huddled tightly about the tables to take advantage of the great prices on Jeff’s bottles. One man was clutching bottles in both hands, had them under his armpits and still was indicating he wanted to purchase more. I strode behind one of the two tables and got Tom Fox’s attention. At that moment, I forked over the bucks necessary to satisfy Jeff’s asking price for two brilliantly colored Bixby shoe polish bottles for Ken’s collection. Another highlight was during the raffle. Marty Hall won the barrel bitters. Most of us had submitted raffle tickets for that beauty and a lot of shoulders dropped out of disappointment when they didn’t win. However, a moment after Marty won it I heard a low mumble from Marty that he was donating it back to the auction. Another ticket was drawn and a smiling Jim Dennis, vice president of the Oregon club, took wide strides to

Bottles and Extras retrieve the bitters bottle. Marty, I don’t remember if many others were aware of your generosity or not, but I thought I’d mention it just in case. At that time I had a whole box full of goodies I purchased at the show. Ken had become more space conscious as we “bottle-grazed” our way across the U.S. because the truck was starting to show a “cramping” situation. I was ready to toss out or mail a suitcase to our final destination, if necessary. We still had the Leadville and Ohio shows to attend! The Bottleneck San Diego Antique Bottle and Collectibles Club The San Diego Club held their annual show and sell. This year, Wayne and June Lowry, from Raymore, Missouri, sold at their show. Show chairman Jim Walker reported that he had sold 76 tables. They were pleased with their early bird count and general admissions. There were two winners out of the displayers at the show. Mike Bryant won the “Most Educational” award for his rare San Diego bottles. Mike explained that most of them were one of only two known, or less than 5. Lance Westfall won “People’s Choice” for his valuable collection of Cutter whiskeys. The parking lot was full and I think from what Ken and I noticed there were a lot of shoppers searching tables for their favorite collectibles. On our way out to load up Ken’s truck (with my purchases), we noticed a lot of truck and car doors open with people stuffing their purchases into their vehicles.

SuppoRT youR LoCAL CLub Get involved in your hobby, attend meetings and/or become a club officer! Need assistance finding your local club, contact your FOHBC regional Derector. They can supply with a list of local clubs in your area. See page two for a list of Officers and Regional Directors in your area


November - December 2010

Bottles and Extras

Ruins of Fort Snelling’s round tower

History of Collecting Bottles in Minnesota by Doug Shilson My thoughts from 43 years of having bottle shows in Minnesota – 1967 – 2010. One of a series For me, the start of it all was in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Snooping around old Fort Snelling’s hexagonal and round towers. . .the changes around Minneapolis and St. Paul were coming fast, especially the freeway system. . .the love of trying to be an archaeologist since I was knee-high to a grasshopper got me going to look for anything that looked good to dig for. Bones, old bones, really old bones. Fossils, that is. I had boxes of them. Many were found near the Mississippi River. All had strange-sounding names. The diving craze hit us younger folks in the 1950s when the self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA) became available. I dove for the Minnesota Historical Society and found pre-1800 artifacts. However, the late 1800-early 1900 bottles became mine because they weren’t old enough to interest the historical society. Then, construction of new freeways started and billions of bottles were unearthed. Nowhere to put them all. Trucks couldn’t get rid of them fast enough. Open dumps were found by many would-be archaeologists, Where to put them all? What to do with all the ones we kept, the ones we spent many hours soaking and cleaning? Who would be interested in them? I did some research at the local library to find information behind some of the names embossed in the glass. What I found I decided others needed to know. So I went to the Ramsey County Historical Society in St. Paul, location of the Gibbs Farm Museum. I didn’t have a clue as to what to expect. After walking around the old farm house with its creaking floors and steps, I found Mr. Letterman, the caretaker, and told him about my new-found hobby. He was interested, so I set up a day in 1967 for a showing. The only place we could fit was the big red barn, 100 feet west of the

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main farm house. It was smelly, cold and dusty, containing a couple of buggies plus anything else the barn would hold. There were spider webs and little creatures that didn’t want to move over! The Lettermans said it’s yours for a few hours. They did all the advertising. Then I got a call from the farm museum, telling me they were getting many calls from people interested in this new-found hobby called old bottle collecting. I said, "Come see for yourself." We did several shows in the next few years and one fall day brought in 1,400 strangers to see just what this new hobby was all about. Collectors who helped me during those early years included Winnie and Debbie Shilson, Wayne Shilson, Tim Verney, Larry Schaaf, Steve Ketcham, Fran Rutherford, Shelly Donovan, Jim Haase and Owen Mattson. In the farm house were Jean Donovan and Bev Ehmreiter with their stained glass repair class. During those early years, we even made a trip to the Freeborn County, Minn., museum to show our collections and spread the word about our new hobby. We filled the parking lot with new bottle collectors. Steve, Fran and my daughter, Debbie,.were along on that trip. Yes, those were the years, 43 years ago, to be exact. Here are a few more of my memories: Fort Snelling was built in 1824. All that remained were the foundation, a round tower and the remains of a the "Hex" tower. As the freeway system was being built around the fort, tons of dirt were being moved. A friend and I were looking for old coins, found some and a "oneshot" derringer. I looked for old glass. I found many old marbles. I also found beads from the Indians who lived in the area a century before. The site was a mess. The state archaeologists were in the process of laying out the grids and their workers uncovered many broken pieces of glass of all types, including fruit jars and bottles. Too bad the right person wasn’t there to supervise the saving of the broken pieces. Diving in a St. Paul lake in 1955-57, I found a Hutchinson soda (naturally, I didn’t know what it was). It was embossed New England Bottling / Minneapolis, Minn. It shared space with my many fossils and jump-started me to seek old bottles. While diving in Lake Superior, our dive group located a ship in about 50 feet of water. We found some light bulbs still intact and in their sockets. The fossils such as trilobites and brachiopods were numerous along the shores of the Mississippi. My favorite find was a 6-inch brachiopod which I later learned was just a small part of this prehistoric creature that grew to 10-1/2 feet long. Later, I traded a large box full of fossils for a box of dug bottles. One was a George Benz & Sons Appetine Bitters from St. Paul. While digging bottles, I also found many shards of pottery until finally digging my first intact stoneware jug from Minneapolis. Most of the jugs we found were from the Red Wing (Minn.) Clay Works. I found my first bitters – a Hostetter’s – at the Fort Snelling dump and now have about 200 in amber and several colors in between. Besides Hostetter’s, I now have over 1,200 different shapes and colors and counting. My best ones have labels. That’s where the history is.


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Bottles and Extras

Batteries Not Included By Joe Terry

Historians may disagree as to who deserves credit for the idea of the telephone (Bell or Gray), but the year is indisputable - 1876. From that point on,

Porter Burns telephone technology was on the rise, and like all good commercial ventures, everyone wanted in. The scramble for supremacy in an area not yet dominated by one lent for much experimentation and in the end, shaped the world of communications as we know it. Bits and pieces of this race have been left behind, from candlestick telephones to the devices that powered them. Unlike today, the power for your early telephone came from within the unit and required another invention that in itself was undergoing constant change. I speak of the galvanic battery. The concept of the battery is old. Up to a point in history, it was a curiosity only because no one had any practical use for it. The use of electricity in things like fire and burglar alarms, not to mention the telegraph, gave a rise to the improvement on old designs. But it was the telephone that really pushed matters. Each individual unit required power to work, and the batteries needed to be

small, efficient, and relatively safe. Enter the inventors. Our story focuses on one in particular. Born in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, Peter Cooper Burns was, like all good inventors, interested in how things worked. By age 15, he was tinkering with acoustic telephones at his parents’ house. The next year, he was hired as an operator for the Bell Telephone Company in Chicago, where he moved up to inspector. From there he worked variously for the Electrical Merchandise Company and the Knapp Electric Works. He then moved on to building his own companies, first one in Chicago, and then moving his enterprise to Missouri as the St Louis Electrical Company. All such enterprises were essentially wiped out by a court decision upholding Bell’s patent. Undaunted, Peter went on to conceive his first invention, for a battery. Patent #393814 became the starting point for a lifetime of inventing, somewhere in the neighborhood of 15. This first, however, is of concern to glass collectors for the interesting, if rarely seen, Burns Microphone Cell. The jar is actually the battery casing, as glass was one of the few things impervious to acid. What drew the author’s notice to this particular item was the location of its manufacture. Being a member of the Findlay (Ohio) Antique Bottle Club tends to expose a person to all

McGraw Battery Jar

things Findlay. One of them concerned fragments of these jars found on the site of the former Findlay Bottle Company. It turns out that Peter Burns contracted

Burns patent Drawing with this glass factory to produce the casings for his batteries. Not content with just that, he also built his own factory right on the grounds to produce another component of the battery, the carbon terminal. His company here was named the Findlay Glass and Carbon Company. It went into operation in 1888, producing the components for an unknown number of batteries. The plant employed 15 men, so it was a modestly sized factory. Finished pieces were shipped back to 807 Locust Street, the site of his former electrical business. It was now renamed the St Louis Battery Company. One of the last reports found for the Findlay company is in April of 1890. The Electrical Engineer reported the following. “Mr. P.C. Burns, of St Louis, has been a recent visitor in New York, and reports the Findlay Glass and Carbon Co. as being busy making porcelain cut-outs and cut-out rosettes for electric lighting purposes, in addition to their making carbon batteries, jars, insulators, etc.”


Bottles and Extras It was this year that Mr. Burns announced he was moving. His decision may have been based on the fact that gas pressure was lessening in the local gas fields. His new location, Peru, Indiana, offered free land, free gas, and a $5,000 inducement. Once built, the new factory of the Peru Electrical Manufacturing Company remained here for a number of years. This did not stop Peter from forming the Laclede Carbon and Electrical Company in nearby Kokomo around 1892. Both companies were in operation simultaneously. In 1896, he was granted patent #514845. This patent, while similar in the drawing to the Microphone Cell, seems to have spun off from already existing battery styles --- The Hercules and The Laclede. As early as 1892, The Laclede was being marketed across the country. But even as more efficient designs were being produced, that aspect of the business was soon to fall to the wayside. Alexander Graham Bell’s patents were beginning to roll over into the public domain, allowing inventors such as Mr. Burns to pursue their own inventions. While of little importance to this story, the work he carried was in its own way instrumental. Of greatest fame was the American Electric Telephone Company of Chicago. It was while he was president of this firm that he obtained most of his patents. These included a wide range of

Burns Battery Jar

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Burns Second patent

today for all telephones, including cellular phones. This then helps explain the name, as the battery was for use with telephones, unlike later brands, which saw a wider array of applications. Throughout his life, Peter seemed to be embroiled in disputes. Starting with the Bell monopoly in 1887, he encountered various troubles. He was even sued by one of his own companies. The Peru company sued (for unknown reasons) against Peter and the Laclede Carbon and Electrical Company. Later still, the American Electric Telephone Company declared bankruptcy due to its inability to pay dividends to its stockholders.

Findley Bottle Company devices, from extendable arms to receiver mouthpieces. Like today, the mouthpiece In 1938, Peter set aside money for contained a device for picking up and the now defunct PC Burns Fellowship. transmitting the sound. The term for this It would appear that he died in 1940, had been coined at some undetermined leaving behind a legacy hardly hinted at date to be a – microphone. While today by the limitations of this article. we think of a microphone as a device used by television news In preparation for a new teams, awards ceremonies and membership directory in the like, it is still applicable

early 2011, please verify your information. If changes are necessary, please contact: June Lowry, FOHBC Business Manager 401 Johnston Ct Raymore, MO 64083 816-318-0160 OSUBuckeyes71@aol.com


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Bottles and Extras

“SmallSam”altS ltSSchul chulandhiStalltale chuland In 1864, the elder Altschul married Sarah Wolf of Miami, Ohio. Among their (Special to Bottles and Extras) children was Small Sam. The date of his A newspaper reporter, acting on a tip, birth varies by census, not a completely in 1990 visited an elderly woman named unusual situation since information often Mollyann at a Dayton, Ohio, nursing home. was given by children in the household. The She told him an incredible story about 1900 census set Sam’s natal year as 1869 her paternal grandfather, Sam Altschul, -- and in Germany. In 1920 he is recorded a man who stood only 5 feet, 3 inches tall. having been born the U.S. in 1863 -- a year Mollyann avowed that because of the quality before his parents’ marriage. Other records of his whiskey, Grandpa Sam while still in show him born in 1866 in Ohio. Despite his twenties had become a favorite of the last these variations in his birth date, records German Kaiser, Wilhelm II (Fig. 1), who had show definitively that by 1881 he was a declared him “Baron Samuel Von Altschul.” clerk in his father’s business. The reporter listened in astonishment. Mollyann had other amazing details. Nine years later, in 1900, Sam married Fig. 1: Kaiser Wilhelm II Carolyn (Carrie) Lebolt of Piqua. She was Shortly after receiving his title, the old lady of Germany said, Sam heard that a young woman in Piqua, the daughter of a prosperous supplier of Ohio, bore a birthmark that heralded the coming of the groceries, feed, and crockery during the canal barge era. Jewish Messiah. With that information, he renounced his Her father, Charles Lebolt, had come from France and, barony and left Germany for the United States discarding the according to family legend, was given the name, “The Bold,” “Von” along the way. He courted and married the lady with by Napoleon himself. This may well, however, have been the purported birthmark, and started once again making the another of Sam’s stories. Kaiser’s favorite whiskey -- but now in Springfield, Ohio. Where Carrie bore the fabled birthmark on her All this was duly reported to the public. person has not come to light, nor has the shape or character of the sign. Settling down to the life of a distiller’s wife, Origins of the Altschul Distillery Carrie bore Sam four children: Charles, Justine, and fraternal A fascinating story, but was it true? The historical record twins Leon and Malcolm,. Sam claimed to Mollyann that suggests something else. Altschul Distilling itself claimed Malcolm, her father, was the offspring who carried on the an origin in 1862, several years before Sam was born. The purported Messianic birthmark. business was founded by his father, Samuel Altschul Sr., an immigrant from Germany. The father was listed in 1863 Mighty Mouse Sam Springfield business directories as a salesman in a cigar and In the early 1880’s, perhaps upon the retirement or death tobacco shop located just off Main Street, shown here in a of his father, Sam took over the Altschul distillery. At that period post card (Fig. 2). By 1868 Sam Senior owned a time the business was located at 22 S. Market Street. In business selling wine and liquor on South Market Street, 1884 Sam moved to fancier quarters in Kelly’s Arcade, a with a whiskey-making facility at a separate location. relatively new retail center and hotel, shown here on a 1920

Fig. 2: Main Street, Springfield, Ohio, circa 1890

Fig. 3: Kelly’s Arcade photo


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postcard (Fig. 3). The complex had been built on Springfield’s Fountain Square by a former mayor of Springfield named Kelly. Altschul’s address was 62-64 Kelly’s Arcade for the next 23 years. Although diminutive in size, Sam proved to be a giant as a marketer for his whiskey. In the late 1800s he began to advertise his liquors extensively in national magazines (Fig.

distillery tag used to mark whiskey barrels identifies Dayton (Fig. 5). The distillery packaged its goods in both ceramic jugs (Fig. 6) and glass containers. The bottles were embossed with the name of the firm (Fig. 7) and came in both clear and amber (Fig. 8). A Blizzard of Brands

Fig 4: Altschul Distilling Ad 4). His ads stressed: “One profit: From producer direct to consumer.” Within a fairly short time, Sam had built a thriving mail order business. Altschul assured customers that he would ship his whiskey by express free of charge everywhere in the United States except the Far West. With success and the desire to be closer to his customer base, Sam moved his main offices in 1908 to Dayton while maintaining his whiskey operations in Springfield. As a Fig. 5:Altschul bronze distillery tag result Altschul’s artifacts may have either or both cities named on them. For example, a brass

Fig. 6: Altschul gallon jug

Fig. 7: Altschul clear qt. Fig. 8: Altschul amber qt.

The company featured more than a dozen brands, including: “Altschul’s Bouquet Fig. 9: Sweet Clover Old Rye”, “Altschul’s Private Whiskey label Brand”, “Harvest Home Rye”, “Jolly Tar Rye”, “National Club Bourbon”, “Old Anchor Gin”, “Old Judge White Wheat”, “Old Private Stock Blue Ribbon X X X X”, “Silver Edge Rye”, “Springfield White Wheat”, “Staghead Rye”, “Sweet Home Rye, “Sweet Clover Whiskey” (Fig. 9), Altschul’s White Corn (Fig. 10) and “Teutonia Doppel Kummel”(Fig. 11). The flagship

Fig. 10: White Corn label

Fig. 11: Teutonia Kummel label


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label was “Old School Rye” (Fig. 12). It was styled “pure and potent.” Altschul’s “Lagonda Club” brand took its name from a posh men’s club in Springfield, shown here in a photo from the 1890s (Fig. 13). Sam loved to give away shot glasses. Several variations of Altschul shots exist for Old School Rye (Figs. 14-16). They were designed by the Fig. 12: Old School Rye ad most famous etcher of liquor glasses in America, George Troug. Troug’s sketchbook contained a drawing for Old School Rye (Fig. 17). A shot glass for Altschul’s Sweet Home Rye was based on the same format (Fig. 18). Lagonda Club featured its Fig, 13: Lagonda Club own distinctive etched glass (Fig. 19). About 1910, Altschul moved his operation from Kelly’s Arcade to 9 W. Main Street in Springfield. Son Malcolm joined him in the company. Unlike other Ohio whiskey outfits that went out of business when the state voted dry in 1916, Sam was able to operate until 1919, probably on the basis of his mail order trade to states that still permitted alcohol.

Fig. 14: Old School Rye shot glass, #1 What to Believe about

Fig. 15: Old School Rye shot glass, #2

Fig. 16: Old School Rye shot glass, #3

Bottles and Extras

Fig. 17: Troug’s shot glass Design Sam? When National Prohibition arrived, Sam shut the door on Altschul Distilling Company and went into the real estate and insurance business. He and Carrie were recognized as notable citizens of Springfield. He helped found a local newspaper; she was a leader of the Red Cross. According to census records, the couple resided in Springfield until at Fig. 18: Home Sweet Home Rye shot glass least 1930. Sam lived until 1939, dying in St. Petersburg, Florida. His body was brought back to Springfield and is interred there in Ferncliff Cemetery. What about the story Altschul’s granddaughter told? My research indicates that German barons were titled through heredity, not by an action of the Kaiser. Nor can I find anything in the literature about a birthmark that heralds the coming of the Jewish Messiah. Fig 19: Lagonda Club shot glass Mollyann’s account gives every evidence of being the kind of story a grandfather might tell a gullible youngster. From his genius at merchandising it is clear that Small Sam had a rich imagination. And, we can believe, a taste for tall tales. ****** Notes: The information for this article was derived from a number of Internet sites, including Altschul family genealogical entries. From comments made there, it is clear Sam’s descendants are not sure what to believe about him. The photos of shot glasses are through the courtesy of Robin Preston and his pre-pro.com website. Portions of this article previously appeared in “Swirl,” the monthly publication of the Ohio Bottle Club.


Bottles and Extras

November - December 2010

CoNNECTICuT

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I brought in. We’d spread them out on the living room rug. I eventually learned that things that were really good were saved and not thrown into a dump. They were saved because they were interesting to look at, or were historical in nature. Bob and I set up at little antique shows to sell some of our bottles. A man named Len Yaun would come in and buy the pretty things. We didn’t know values. We’d say, “Is that one worth $5 or $2?” Len would go out and sell them and then One of a series - By Norman C. Heckler Sr. come back to us and buy more. One of the first bottles I bought was from a logger, Bob Woodstock Valley, Conn. I don’t recall the year, but I started collecting and digging for antique bottles sometime Eastman of Conway, N.H. Bob Warren and I went all over New during the late 1950s. I didn’t know about privies at the time, but England in search of bottles. My wife allowed me to go. We’d sought out surface dumps. Actually, there are very few privies hop into his Corvette and travel Route 16 out of Portsmouth. in New England. I dug for probably five to eight years, hit some I don’t think the logger was a collector, although he had a kidney-shaped demijohn from wonderful dumps. whose pontil scar had a sharp I don’t remember piece of glass hanging down. It the first bottle I dug, but could rip you. I do remember the first Bob Warren and I began important bottle. A young wandering around. He was a friend, Donald Crowe, farmer milking cows and I was and I checked out an a teacher five days a week. One abandoned stagecoach road day, we stopped in Bolton, Mass., and found a half-pint Sheaf at an antique shop. We learned of Wheat flask. I knew at its owner was Robert Skinner, the time it was different who liked bottles. He worked for from anything we’d ever Raytheon in Boston. We stopped dug and remember telling at his shop every week after that Donald that I’d like to have and he’d bring in some fantastic that bottle. I still own it. In stuff. We became close friends. those days, we had no way During the late 1960s Robert to know how much bottles Norm Heckler examines an artfully decorated National decided to go into the auction were worth. There were no Ear of Corn Bitters. (Photo by Janet Finch) business. I catalogued the stuff for auctions, few books, really him and had enough knowledge to no way to know. where his auctions became very successful. I became his rightI teamed with a local farmer, Bob Warren (now an hand man and started working for him full time in 1973. He was attorney), who all of a sudden had an interest in bottles. He’d looked at the McKearins’ 1941 book (American Glass) and a very good boss and we’d become best friends. He had three wanted Masonic bottles. We found the North Ashford dump daughters and I had three sons. Our families became close and where we dug literally hundreds of Warner’ Safe Cure bottles. we went to Disneyland and Bermuda together. Robert died in 1984 and I started my own auction company I recall going with Bob to check out a cellar hole. I had a terrible headache at the time and sat down and watched him in 1987, one of my sons (Norman Jr.) coming on as a partner. My personal collection today consists of Connecticut dig some Wexford bottles, I was moaning and groaning and historical and pictorial flasks, Union Glass Company-lettered put my hand down and touched glass. It was an Old Sachem Wigwam Tonic barrel. I remember trading it for some aqua flasks, other, very rare pieces from New London. I got interested in colored blown 3-mold decanters, Zanesville (Ohio) and pontiled medicines. We eventually encountered other diggers including Art Midwestern glass house bottles and off-hand table pieces, Henderson, Gordon Davidson, Carroll Husick, Bob Heath and figural applied face bears, witch balls, demijohns, early utility Audrey Conick. They were all knowledgeable and directed bottles, some 2,000 pieces at this point. My wife, Liz, also is a collector, interested in the witch balls us to people who weren’t collectors, but had some bottles. Of course, Charles Gardner (of New London, Conn.) preceded and bears. I love ‘em, too. Our home also features period furniture many. What may have been the first New England bottle show and accessories, redware (particularly early Connecticut stuff was held in Laconia, N.H. It may have been sponsored by the made by one potter, Sidney Risley of Norwich Conn., who was Yankee Bottle Club of Keene, N.H. The show brought many active from the 1930s through the 1980s). people together and after that shows became commonplace. My family was amazed by the number of bottles Bob and

boTTLE HISToRy


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Bottles and Extras

Dr. Cronk In Central New York (And Beyond) By Thomas Kanalley

A long time ago, the Auburn (N.Y.) Bottle Club had a contest. We were to bring in our very best bottle. Dr. Burt Spiller was asked to come down from Rochester to pick the best of the best, and be the only judge. For a new collector it didn’t get much better than this! There were historical flasks, bitters and other great bottles. I remember a beautiful amber square German halfpost bottle from the 1700s, and a lone dark green Dr. Cronk

All of the Dr.Cronk glass bottles are very rare and desirable. Many cities west of Auburn to as far as Chicago can claim colored glass paneled “flavored beers” in cobalts, greens and other colors. Many were manufactured at the Lockport and Lancaster glass works. The most lasting legacy may be the large number of Dr. Cronk pottery bottles. These come in pint and quart sizes. They vary in shape from round, to 8-, 10- or 12-sided bottles debossed with variations of the Dr. Cronk name and sometimes product. Warren Cronk started in New York City. The Trow’s NYC Directory of 1839 lists Warren Cronk as a “carman.” He moved to Albany, N.Y. in 1840 to an address on Broad Street. At 25 years of age, he produced his “Celebrated Root Beer.” He used a number of quart size pottery bottles. Some are incised “W.

Embossing reads Dr. CRONK’S / MINERAL/ WATERS / AUBURN. N.Y. Height 7 ¼ inches Diameter 2 5/8 inches Smooth based. Dark Saratoga green. bottle embossed Auburn, N.Y. Burt was enthralled by the Dr.Cronk bottle to which he gave the prize. The Dr.Cronk bottle was unique at the time.Two more have been unearthed since.These Auburn bottles are very crude and are the farthest east geographically that Dr. Cronk glass bottles have been discovered. They appear to have been blown at the Mt. Pleasant Glass Works near Saratoga, N.Y.

Debossed: W. CRONK’S ROOT BEER (from Albany, N.Y.) Height 9 ½ inches Diameter 4 inches One of Cronk’s first bottles.


Bottles and Extras

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CRONK’S ROOT BEER in a straight line on the shoulder. Others have “ALBANY” incised under the first line. In 1841 Cronk moved to 281 South Pearl St. Here he advertised his “Genuine Root Beer for purifying the blood.” By 1842, Cronk was advertising “Genuine Compound Sarsaparilla Beer, for purifying the blood.” In 1843, he moved again to 216 State Street. At this time, sarsaparilla was considered a type of medicine used to cure many afflictions. In the 1840s, Albany was the sarsaparilla capital of the country. Manufacturers like Townsend’s, Mosher’s, Willcox, Dr. Woods and others were very active. Did Warren Cronk learn his formulation and trade from these companies? Dr. Cronk’s Compound Sarsaparilla Beer was also considered a “temperance” drink which was socially very important. The Temperance movement (Prohibition) was very strong and dictated a large part of the beverage market. Temperance drink implied there was no alcohol in the beverage. These drinks were called “small beers.” The Syracuse Daily Star of April 25, 1846 contained a poem that captures the zeal of the Prohibitionists. Here is a short excerpt. His table’s furnished with fine teas, And coffee rich and clear – No wine or brandy do you find, But plenty of Cronk’s Beer. We’ll give three cheers for Temperance – On high our flag we’ll wave; Death we’ll deal to Alcohol, And lay him in his grave. Flavored beers including root beer and sarsaparilla had to be brewed. That is the reason they are called beers. Flavored beers from that era could have as much alcohol in them as today’s alcoholic beers.Was Cronk’s beer produced with the alcohol distilled out? How did Cronk convince people his sarsaparilla was alcohol free? The Broome Republican of June 28, 1844 from Binghamton, N.Y. had an advertisement for Cronk: DR. CRONK’S BEER “We are indebted to our friend Spaulding, for a dozen of Dr. Cronk’s Celebrated Sarsaparilla Beer – a very pleasant beverage for hot summer days, and represented as highly beneficial to health.” Warren Cronk moved to Auburn, N.Y. in the 1844 to 1845 period. He said he could be contacted on Canal St. An article in the Daily Star dated June 5, 1846 from Syracuse, N.Y. describes his beer: DR. CRONK’S BEER

“Mr. Editor – Having been frequently interrogated upon the healthful and unhealthful effects of Dr. Cronk’s Compound Sarsaparilla Beer, I have until within a few days been unprepared to give any satisfactory answer to the numerous enquires on that subject. I have this day had an interview with the Doctor, who has disclosed in a gentlemanly, frank and candid manner, the ingredients of which it is composed, and from the knowledge thus derived, I am prepared to say, that no medicine compounded within my knowledge, not to say Beer, contains more valuable ingredients – their nature is such as to come truly within the term – remedies. Their combination is healthful as well as scientific. It contains valuable tonic, sedative, alternative, antiseptic, atiscorbutic and duretic properties, all of which are required to keep the circulation healthful and vigorous – and having been engaged in the practice of medicine for more than ten years and acquainted with each separate ingredients in the above named beer, as remedial agents, I can with confidence recommend Dr. Cronk’s Compound Sarsaparilla Beer as healthful, and very desirable as a Temperance drink.The Doctor has numerous certificates from invalids corroborating the above statements, as well as certificates of numerous medical gentlemen in high standing – Star of Temperance.” His beer was a cultural phenomenon and a status symbol for the affluent public. An unsolicited article in the Cayuga Chief March 29, 1853, from Auburn, N.Y had this to say about travel on the train: “Most of the rowdies in high and low life carry a bottle with them. We have seen all kinds of “pistols” from the Cronk beer-jug, to the more delicate silver flask. Our common whiskey and rat-juice drinkers need not be ashamed because the upper crust drink with their substantial jugs and Cronk bottles.” While in Albany, Warren Cronk developed his sarsaparilla. In Auburn, he developed his business model of franchising bottling works with partners. As collectors, we have aways questioned why there were so many cities where Cronk’s beer was manufactured. He had bottlers in Syracuse, Binghamton, Utica, Jamestown and Auburn. In Warren Cronk’s own words, in the Syracuse Daily Star dated September 13, 1847, the answer is revealed: DR. BEER

CRONK’S

COMPOUND

SARSAPARILLA

“The subscriber is the author and proprietor of a beverage known and distinguished as Cronk’s Compound ‘Sarsaparilla Beer,’ a beverage entirely free from all that can intoxicate, and which defies competition. He has for the last year or two been in the habit of selling the knowledge of said beverage, together with certain territory and a privilege of vending the


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any of Cronk’s franchises. If you are from New York State, there is a good chance that these pottery bottles came to your town. Cronk’s Beer had reached Ithaca, N.Y. confirmed by an ad in the Daily Chronicle of June 7, 1848. The beer was described as “first rate” and “a healthy summer beverage.” It was time to move on. Warren Cronk put an ad in the Auburn, N.Y. Chief dated December 13, 1848: Cronk’s Compound Sarsaparilla Beer A CHANCE TO MAKE MONEY “The Subscriber will sell his Beer privilege, together with the stock in trade, consisting of all that is requisite to carry on the above business, with the knowledge of manufacturing and preparing for use the above named Beer. Any person can have access to the cash book, who is desirous of knowing the amount of business done, stock enough to do business two years, will be thrown in. It is a desirable location in the account of the many villages within 12 miles of the city. Call on me in Canal St.” Dec. 13, 1848 W. CRONK

Dr. Cronk pottery bottle found in an Auburn, N.Y. estate

same for a

reasonable compensation. It is now manufactured in Auburn, Syracuse, Norwich, Elmira, Mt. Morris, Groton, Dayton, Ohio, Toronto, Canada; branches are to be opened next April and May at Binghamton, Canandaigua, Cazenovia, Cooperstown and Geneva. Any persons of good moral integrity wishing to engage in a business that pays well and is at the same time honorable are informed that they now have an opportunity. The subscriber can satisfy any person who feels interested, of the advantages to be derived from the business. He would here say that the knowledge if his beer can be obtained of none other than himself, that it never has been placed upon paper, nor is that the method of communicating it to any person. He is not ignorant of the fact that there has been offered in market recipes purporting to be genuine; it is only necessary to say, that the fact, that the article never has been, and never can be produced from them, is sufficient proof of imposition.” Auburn, March 6, ’47 W. CRONK Now we know why there are so many pottery bottles with the Dr. Cronk name and no city. The bottles could be used in

The New York State Agricultural Society on September 13, 1849 in Syracuse gave W. Cronk an award for his “bottle cleaner.” Warren Cronk was still in Auburn when the 1850 census was taken. At that time Warren was 35 years old, born in New York State and manufacturer of “compounds of medicine.” He would try to be the first or one of the first soda manufacturers in a town. By 1850, the soda manufacturing frontier was getting too crowded in Auburn. Fort and Sclover were selling 49,200 bottles of “sarsapirilla beer” a year, and Samuel Smith of New York City fame had just moved to Auburn and was selling his Knickerbocker soda. Warren would start a bottling works; bring in a relative or partner to run the business, and move on to the next new town. By August 1849, Munson C. Cronk had moved to Auburn. Munson was 20 years old. The first Auburn directory of 1857 shows Munson living at 23 Walnut St. The 1860 census lists Munson C. Cronk as a “beer maker,” his wife Eliza, as a dress maker, and their two children Anna and Herbert. Munson Cronk is listed as a “beer manufacturer” up until the 1865-66 Auburn directory. The 1867-68 Auburn directory lists him as a “patentee.” United States patent number 20778 of July 6, 1858 states: “Be it known that I, Munson C. Cronk, of Auburn, in the county of Cayuga and the State of New York, have invented a new and useful improvement in faucets or stoppers for bottles designed to contain mineral water, beer, and other effervescent liquids.” This was the second bottle closure granted a patent by the United States. Basically, the the top of the closure was twisted to unseat the valve and pour the drink. The top could be twisted the opposite direction to close the bottle.


Bottles and Extras

November - December 2010

Patent and drawings compliments of Dave Graci The pottery bottles that can be identified from Auburn, N.Y. are plain stoneware with the words DR CRONK debossed on the shoulder and an indented cap seat that would have taken the patented closure. I have seen two of these that were dug locally. Munson C. Cronk had left Auburn, N.Y. by the printing of the 1871 Auburn directory, only to show up at a Cronk franchise in Port Huron, Michigan at a much later date. Where had the originator, Warren Cronk, moved to? The Syracuse Daily Standard of March 31, 1854 gives us a clue:

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Dr. Cronk pottery bottle from Auburn, N.Y. as identified by Munson Cronk’s “patented” closure. “CORRECTION – Dr. Cronk in jail in this city for passing counterfeit money, is not the original Root Beer Manufacturer. The one arrested has been engaged in that business here, and we supposed he was the original Dr. Cronk. “Dr. Cronk, the Root Beer and counterfeit coin vender in Syracuse, and Dr. Warren Cronk, the original inventor of the Celebrated Root Beer, are separate and distinct personages. The latter is now a resident of Pennsylvania.” The mysterious Dr Cronk from Syracuse and counterfeiter was probably Ezekiel Cronk, another relative who was 25 years old when arrested. The counterfeiters were sentenced to three years in Auburn prison. The Cronk Beer franchise in Syracuse went on until at least 1870. The Syracuse Daily Courier of September 28, 1869 had an article on the bottler: FIRE – Last evening about 11 o’clock, a fire broke out in the wooden building No. 204 Mulbery St., owned and occupied by N.G. Cook, and used for the manufacture of Dr. Cronk’s root beer. The building and contents were entirely consumed. Mr. Cook has an insurance of $800 on the building and $500 on the contents. The origin of the fire is unknown.” The Syracuse Daily Journal of October 22, 1870 stated: FOR SALE. The subscriber offers for sale his business of manufacturing the “DR. CRONK BEER” including Horses,


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Wagons, Bottles, Recipes and fixtures. Also his House and Lot No. 270 Mulberry street. The Business will be sold separately if desired. Satisfactory reasons given for selling out. Information about the business given by applying to the undersigned at the above number. N.G. COOK In Utica, N.Y., the 1853-54 directory lists the Robert Edwards Brewery on Lansing Street as the manufacturer of Dr. Cronk’s beer. In Rochester, N.Y., the Daily Union of September 23, 1852 states: About 2 o’clock this morning a small wooden building owned and occupied by Boughton and Chase, situated on the Feeder near Mt. Hope Ave., was totally destroyed by fire. The premises were used for the manufacture of Cronk’s Beer and Gleason’s Mineral Water.” In Batavia, N.Y., in the Spirit of the Times dated April 17, 1855, J. Baker had an advertisement. “The Dr. Cronk Sarsaparilla Beer Establishment is offered for sale, consisting of Bottles, Boilers, Wagons, and all other necessary fixtures for manufacturing and vending the above celebrated Small Beer.” The soda trade was very vulnerable to downturns in the economy which happened frequently. Most people did not have money for luxuries. A soda business could easily get in financial trouble. Pennsylvania can boast many Cronk franchise cities including Wilkes-Barre, Philadelphia, Scranton and Pottsville. Minnesota had Cronk’s Beer in St. Paul and Minneapolis. George Charles Loik, in an article in the May 1975 issue of Antique Bottle World, published research that showed Warren Cronk with a partner named Calnon were the first soda water manufacturers in Detroit, Michigan in 1852. The company made 18 different flavors of soda. E.Y. Cronk, agent for Warren, moved from Detroit to Chicago to sell Cronk beers and produced bottles with his name on them. Cronk bottles have also been dug that were embossed Cincinnati, Ohio and Port Huron, Michigan. The Cronk’s beer franchises were extensive in the Province of Ontario, Canada especially in the 1880s. Fred Spoelstra lists ten Canadian cities that sold Cronk’s Beer, including Brantford, Hamilton, Kingston, London, St. Catharines, St. Thomas, Stratford, Sarnia, Toronto and Whitby. A few of the embossed glass Dr. Cronk bottles from Western New York include the beautiful 12-sided quart, cobalt blue, flavored beers by R. McCoun, and Boughton & Chase, from Rochester, N.Y. Buffalo has the squat green soda marked DR. CRONK GIBBONS & CO./ SUPERIOR ALE/ BUFFALO/N.Y. There is also a unique cobalt blue

Bottles and Extras

Example of a quart “flavored beer” This bottle was used by R. McCoun, Rochester, N.Y. This twelve paneled cobalt blue bottle is 9 ¾ inches high and 3 ½ inches in diameter with a strong iron pontil.. squat soda marked DR. CRONK/ BUFFALO. I don’t know if it will ever be possible to trace all the cities and the influence that Warren Cronk has had with his “Compound Sarsararilla Beer.” If this snapshot of Upstate New York is any indication, he was a very busy man. To see more photos of “flavored beers,” link to the website: www.glswork-auction.com and look for the article titled “Flavored Beers Of Western New York” by Ann E. Spear. Thanks to the following persons for sharing their passions and research about Dr.Cronk. Special thanks to Dave Graci. Also Dr.Burt Spiller, Jon Landers, Tom Karapantso and the late Harold Schneidmuller, Jr. Sources: “Smith vs. Merrill,” by Dave Graci and David Rotilie, Antique Bottle & Glass Collector, June 2003. Albany N.Y. city directories. “Flavored Beers Of Western New York,” Ann E.Spears, Antique Bottle & Glass Collector, (Featured website article). Auburn, N.Y. city directories. “Dr. Cronk and His Empire,” Dave Graci, Jan.5, 2003 (unpublished). Canadian Bottle & Stoneware Collector, January 1994, Soda Waters. “The (Almost) Complete Guide to Dr. Cronk,” Fred Spoelstra. Antique Bottle World, May 1975, “Some Colored Sodas From Detroit,” George Charles Loik. Auburn, N.Y. census 1850 & 1860 All photos are from the author’s collection.


Bottles and Extras

November - December 2010

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Old Bottles of Every Shape, Color Shine at Batsto Village Show By Sarah Watson

Most of the vendors at the New Jersey Antique Bottle Club’s annual show in Washington Township, Burlington County, sold antique glass bottles of varying shades of blue, green and occasionally purple, some of which dated to the 1700s. There were medicine bottles, ink wells, soda bottles, poison bottles, mineral water bottles and even snake-oil bottles. “I always come to all the events here, but this is my favorite one because you have all antiques and the bottles,” said Susan Pelszynski, 52, of Mullica Township. Pelszynski said her favorite aspect of the glass was the variety of colors. Southern New Jersey has been a center for glass production since before the Revolutionary War, said Frank Stubbins, a volunteer from the WheatonArts traveling glassblowers. The industry was aided by the presence of numerous waterways for transportation, trees that could be cut to fuel furnaces and naturally occurring, glass-quality sand, he said. A good number of the antique bottles on sale at the show likely were made in southern New Jersey, based on their aqua green color, which glass connoisseurs call Jersey green, he said. Stubbins was at the show as part of a glass-blowing demonstration that went on throughout the day, showing attendees how bottles and mugs came to life from molten sand heated to about 2,100 degrees Fahrenheit inside a portable furnace. But the main draw were vendors from across the Mid-Atlantic states, who sold bottles of all shapes, sizes and colors, some costing hundreds of dollars. George Anderson came from Bucks County, Pa., to sell several dozen bottles, many of which once held mineral water or soda. The darker or more unique the color on the bottle, the higher the price, he said. On his table were aqua green bottles that had the faces of dead presidents embossed on them and cobalt blue bottles that once held mineral water from Easton, Pa. “Almost every town had their own. The smaller the town, the scarcer they are,” Anderson said of the soda and mineral water bottles. Those became rarer in the 1910s as municipalities began purifying local water, he said. Rich Peal, 58, of Brick Township, Ocean County, was selling dozens of bottles of varying sizes. He started collecting when he worked for a phone company installing poles. When workers dug a hole for a new pole, they often brought up pieces of glass and sometimes whole bottles in pristine condition, he said. Among the dozens of bottles and jars on his table were ink wells, large ink bottles and poison bottles, which typically have more embossing in the design to denote their contents. A bottle of rat poison, for instance, has a picture of a rat on it. “People may not realize it until they come here and say, ‘Oh, I’ve got one of those at home.’ Then they buy another one,” he said. Now that he’s retired, Peal said he is much more involved and that many of the smaller bottles he was selling were ones he found. “If it wasn’t in someone’s basement, it came from the ground,” he said. Contact Sarah Watson: 609-272-7216 • SWatson@pressofac.com


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PARIS BALL By Ralph Finch

It had to happen! As soon as I said, in this month’s target ball column that no new important balls have shown up, one did. And it’s a beaut! Ball collectors worry when a great ball shows up. Was it one ball found in the bottom of a privy, or one ball found in a barrel with 299 others (they were often shipped 300 to a crate). There are many examples of a great ball showing up, accompanied in a few weeks by maybe four or five others, total, but there are other times when a new ball shows up and ... just keeps coming and coming. Such was the excitement — and anxiety — in late September when a previously unknown ball showed up on eBay. With a diamond pattern, the cobalt-blue ball was embossed “GEVELOT” and “PARIS,” and between the two words a squiggle that looks like a snake! Quick research revealed that Gevelot, in former times, produced ammunition in France, and e-mails to England, France and Germany revealed that a dirty “Gevelot” ball had just been sold at a flea market in Brussels then resold on French eBay. Within a few days it was on U.S. eBay. As interest — and bidding — escalated on this ball, so did e-mails from a variety of collectors, all asking: “HOW MANY PARIS BALLS ARE THERE? Is this another Van Cutsem?” referring to a French ball that first sold for around $500, before we discovered that thousands had been found in barrels stored away at a French estate. And we soon found out that the Gevelot/Paris ball was found in the cellar of an old estate / castle near Waterloo, Germany, southwest of Brussels. The Gevelot/Paris ball sold for $1,500, with 17 bids from only six bidders — others said they were too hesitant to compete. The under-bidder went $1,488.88, while my sniper bid was third, at $1,465. E-mails continued flying across the Atlantic, and bits and pieces of the Gevelot ball began to come together. The number of the balls increased, as well as the number of sellers. Two Germans were soon offering Gevelot balls, and those of us who had just spent a heck of a lot of money were beginning to worry. (The first “Dr. A. Frank” balls that came from Germany sold for around $1,500 — they now sell for around $250.) But, two weeks later, there are two Paris balls in Michigan, one in Missouri, one or two in England, plus the balls that sold on eBay. Our tally is now at nine balls, and if this remains the total number, $1,500 is still a great price for this beautiful ball. We will see, we will see. Comments? E-mail Ralph at rfinch@twmi.rr.com

Bottles and Extras

The “Drool Factor” An easy guide to bottle exposure developed through years of studying characteristics of bottle collectors. By Bobby Vaughn

DROOL FACTOR SCALE (1-10) #1 This grade of bottle is usually scuffed, with cracks and chips; downright ugly. Collectors should look away quickly to avoid possible brain damage. (No Drool) #2 Bottle is usually full of dirt, made after 1900 and sometimes is ‘accidently’ pushed off tables - a real throwback-in-the-ditch specimen. (No Drool) #3 This bottle is really plain and clear in color. Usually you cannot look at this bottle with both eyes; an eyepatch is helpful. (No Drool) #4 This grade of bottle you may decide to view, but are easily distracted to look away. After inspection, you readily forget you ever saw it. (No Drool) #5 This bottle requires your attention. It has nice curves and a smooth base. Usually the bottle has embossing. Both your eyes are helplessly fixated. (No Drool) #6 This bottle is clean, no damage, pre-1900 and brightly colored. There are traces of moist Drool visible at the corners of your mouth. #7 Bottle is a real looker. Your favorite type and rare too! Some Drool can be seen rolling down your chin; a bib is optional here. A tissue or paper towel is usually absorbent enough. #8 This bottle is stunning! Mint condition, black glass and pontiled; significant Drool is in order. Please, no sloppy drooling and bibs are definitely required here. #9 At this Drool Factor level you may develop ”shakes” when gazing at the bottle. You may have your wallet, checkbook, and credit card out, but not be aware of it. Bibs are not sufficient and a sponge is required for safe drool containment. #10 This level has never been attained - could be fatal - and only exists through legend. It would require medical attention, complete with wet-vac drool removal. May this guide prevent you from ever entering the dangerous level #10 and collecting your bottles without fear of a sudden and incapacitating attack. Collect On!!!!!!


Bottles and Extras

Western Australian State Show 2009

their perishable contents such as fish or meat paste, so we assume those that are dug came out as keepsakes in frames to remind people of home. Many variations of Codd bottles are dug here. Some were manufactured by the Melbourne Glass Works and some were imported from England.

By Rex Barber

The Colonial Bottle Club of Western Australia has been organizing yearly, two-day state shows since the early 1970s and even held its first Australian National show way back in 1975. Unlike the large number of active bottle clubs in both England and America, West Australia only boasts two active clubs in a state

Small section of the selling area nearly as big as Texas. This year we had 87 exhibitor displays competing in a total of 47 different categories, coupled with 216 feet of swap and sell, and wheelers and dealers’ trestles. Judging has remained with little change for over 30 years with five criteria. 1. Quality and rarity. 2. Interest and age. 3. Variety. 4. Condition. 5. Display and

Voted Best Display Greg Thompson’s “Antiques of the Batavia Coast” information. (20 points each) Outright exhibitors for the weekend were Joanna and Rex Barber entering ten displays. Each year, the most popular categories always seem to be the Codds, ginger beers, black glass and pot lids, as can been seen in the attached photographs taken on the weekend of July 18th-19th. The former colonial State of Western Australia was established initially as a convict-free settlement and consequently during that period and the following gold rushes of the 1880s and the main rush of

Winner of Beers category Rex and Jo Barber

G & P Van Waardenberg pot lids

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1890-1910, the majority of bottles, stoneware and pot lids came out from England. Of course, we had pottery and glass works in Australia at that time, but these bottles represent only a small proportion of our dug bottles. Very few Pratt lids are dug because of

S. Panton - Warners

Quite a few American bottles are found here, but mainly purchased f r o m collectors over east who dug the gold field dumps Greg Thompsons left from the Warners 1850 rush in Victoria. NOTE: Jo Barber provided the photographs of the displays, showing the huge diversity of categories that are always present at A u s t r a l i a n B & S Thompson shows.

Dutch Gins


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November - December 2010

Arcadia California Show 2010 By Ken Lawler and Dar Furda

Bottles and Extras

be spent at the show. Bob Manthorne, Display Chairman, did an excellent job of rounding up displayers and getting show attendees and dealers to vote for their favorite displays. Bob also canvassed the show to sell last-minute raffle tickets before the raffle began.

The show setup took place Friday night. Val and Don Wippert and Val’s daughter Tammy, Dick Homme and Bob Mathorne saw to it that the tables and chairs were set up correctly and that the table coverings were put on the tables. Our thanks go to all these folks that helped out. The doors opened for dealer setup at about 6:30 a.m. Dar and I got there at 7:30 and set up the ticket sales tables. There were early birds already wandering around the front lobby waiting to get in. That’s always a good sign. Don Wippert said that 50 tables were sold and that there were dealers on a waiting list that had to be turned away. I’m glad that dealers still have confidence in our show drawing a crowd. Since Maxine couldn’t make the show, Dar and I took over the ticket sales. Somewhere around 30 early Arcadia 2010 Show Floor was very busy with lots of good buys to be had birds made it in by 9:00 a.m. Two people arrived at 8:50 a.m. and opted to wait for general admission. There were dealers from all over California and Arizona and even one from Albion, New York. Of course we don’t want to forget to mention our club member John Compton from Utah who takes a table at our show. I mention Albion specifically because Dar was born and raised in Spencerport, New York which is only about a 30 minute ride from Albion (or less). Plus, during the last part of August Dar and I were digging in Albion. Small world; we never expected to see the Albion dealer out here at our show. We are glad that Mike Malanowski took an interest in signing up for a table. Arcadia Great Turnout of Both Dealers and Buyers Our special thanks to our friends from the San Diego Club for coming up as dealers and buyers. We appreciate your support. You always treat our club right when we support you at your show in June. One of their members didn’t get in the photo op, but we did see him buzzing around the show. That was Rick Hall. I didn’t get to see much of the show, nor did Dar, but a quick spin through indicated mostly bottles and insulators with a few collectibles dealers. I am still looking for the elusive cobalt Bixby shoe polish People’s Choice Award Best Historical Award - Dave Kyle bottle. Val Wippert There were four top-notch displays this year. John Swearingen’s delicate purple colored Jelly Servers and Cups were the first display. Val Wippert won the People’s A drawing was held for a free table at next year’s show. Choice award with her display of some of her finest, most President Dave Maryo announced the winner. . The lucky colorful perfume bottles. The Best Educational award went winner was FOHBC Secretary, Randy Driskill. There was no to Dave Maryo who covered many areas with his variety of containing the excitement in Randy’s response at hearing that “American Antique Bottles South of US.” Dave Kyle received news! The raffle prizes this year were a Washington/Taylor Flask the Best Historical Award for his sixteen brilliant shades of barrel that was won by Roland Pesante from Costa, Mesa. Roland was bitters. Each winner also received a $50 redeemable voucher to


Bottles and Extras

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November - December 2010

not present when his winning ticket was picked. Dar called and notified him that he had won, and then mailed his flask to him on Monday, September 13. A deep emerald green Gilford Springs Mineral Water bottle was won by our Club First Vice President Dwayne Anthony. Our faithful Blackburn Press out of Caldwell, New Jersey donated two of their books again this year. They were “The Bottle Book: A Comprehensive Guide Fred Lason (L) & Raffle Winner to Historic, Embossed Medicine Bottles” Richard Dotson (R) By Richard E. Fike and “Bottle Makers and Their Marks.” The Blackburn Press offers a 20% discount to show attendees until 9/30/2010. A smiling Richard Dotson won the books. Last, but not least, The Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors plaque commending our club for winning First Place in the 2010 Newsletter contest was proudly displayed on our show entry table. Our Editor Blaine should be placing a close-up picture of the plaque Best Educational Award - Dave Maryo in this issue. Blaine tirelessly gets this put together month after month! Thanks again to those of you in this club who made this possible. It takes a lot of work to pull off a successful “monthly” newsletter. Congrats to each of you who contribute in one way or another. The award was mentioned at this year’s National Show in Wilmington, Ohio and mention of it should appear in the FOHBC’s Bottles and Extras Magazine that should be mailed within a few weeks from now. Dar took some pictures of the show and display winners (she apologizes that John Swearingen’s Jelly Glasses she missed getting Dave Kyle with his beautiful bitters display). In her chatting with some of the dealers her impression was not unlike the impression some other club members got, including our club president. We heard nothing but positive inputs. In ending, our club would like to thank all of you dealers as well as the folks who attended our show. It sure was crowded. Dar described it this way: “You couldn’t get as much as a piece of paper between Raffle Winner - Dwayne Anthony people in some of the isles.” Let’s have a repeat performance next year!

San Diego Club Members

Randy Driskill at his table

Whittemark Editor Blaine Greenman

Raffle Winner - Randy Driskill


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November - December 2010

Bottles and Extras

“Flask & Glass Rarities Surface at Recent Connecticut Bottle Shows” By Rick Ciralli First in a series for Bottles and Extras. Last May, the Museum of Connecticut Glass held its annual antique bottle and glass sale on the grounds near historic Coventry Glassworks. The show was well-attended an, as usual, some great glass made its way there. I decided that I’d like to share a few examples of some rarities with readers of Bottles and Extras. Left to right are a small, free-blown pocket inkwell featured in Bill Covill’s Ink Bottles and Inkwells (it’s considered a unique example); a small handled and threaded mug with an old McKearin sticker on it and a larger freeblown, handled and threaded pitcher. All are attributed toi the Coventry Glassworks. It was fun to have friends and attendees come up to my table to check them out and talk about them. At past shows, there have been such rarities as an aqua Lafayette pint (GI-85 mold), a Pitkin-type metal mold, a J.P.F. inkwell and a Dr. H.W. Jackson / Druggist / Vegetable Home Syrup in olive-amber and pontiled to boot. Another rarity surfaced at this show. A Rhode Island

collector-dealer pulled an aqua GI-32 WashingtonJackson pint out of his box and sat it on his table. Another collector-dealer from Vermont was looking around, actually handled it and put it back down, no doubt thinking it was a common GI-24 Bridgeton, N.J. mold. Finally, a New Hampshire collector-dealer saw it and acquired it with several other much more common cornucopia urn half-pints. When noted flask collector Mark Vuono, who attended the show, heard about it and saw it, he immediately recognized the mold and spoke of its rarity. It turns out that the only other known example of the GI-32 in aqua is in his family’s private collection. It was acquired by his late father, Charlie, back in 1991 from the late Bob Heath. Charlie paid $145 for it then and Mark was the one who told his father to buy it, or so the story goes. Well, a month went by after that show and I received a phone call from that collector-dealer, who offered me the flask. We did some ol’ Yankee trading and I was

fortunate enough to get it. Here it is next to another known Coventry rarity – the tumbler listed in Wilson’s New England Glass and Glass Making. As you’ll note, the glass in each is practically identical, and the few rare examples of the GI-85, GI85a and GI-86 molds tucked away in private collections prove that Coventry did indeed produce aqua glass. I have even heard of an aqua GI-82, but have never seen one. The Southern Connecticut Antique Bottle and Glass Collectors Club show was held last June 27 in West Hartford. I was able to acquire an extremely rare, doublepatterned Pitkin-type flask. This was not the example that was vertically ribbed and swirled to the left or right. This one’s ribs swirl to the left and right, creating an almost diamond-like effect and is spectacular to see. As far as I know, there are three known examples. The one whose picture is below was sold for $1,100 plus buyer’s premium at the John Tiffany Gotjen sale through Dave Arman in 1985. Nine years later, it surfaced in a Harmer Rooke auction and sold for $3,750 plus premium. Another one resides in another prominent Connecticut collection and the third is in an important New Hampshire collection. My example is special to me since I own an inkwell that also is double-patterned and the ribs swirl both ways. It is the only known example. So great examples of rare glass continue to show up at these two shows and I encourage readers and collectors to check them out next time. Note: Rick can be reached at richardciralli@ sbcglobal.net


Bottles and Extras

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November - December 2010

Digging Germany by Boyd Beccue One of the best things to happen to our hobby over the past four decades has been the rise of bottle collecting in Europe. Today we can correspond with collectors in many countries, tour bottle shows across the pond, welcome foreign collectors to our major shows and enjoy the research and expertise of collectors from The Netherlands, Germany, The U.K. and elsewhere. It wasn’t always so. I was bitten by the bottle bug in the Sixties, and by 1970 had a chronic case of bottle-itis. My only problem was the looming military obligation which so many of us faced back in the day. By the time I went on active duty in early 1971 I thought my collecting would be on hold for the duration, but events, and a little luck, proved otherwise. My first stroke of luck (in many ways) was an assignment to the famous Third Infantry Division with its heritage of Audie Murphy and its area of deployment… in West Germany. Arriving in Germany in August, 1971, my priority was to acclimate to an active duty Army unit, brush up on my high school German and locate some places to dig. That last piece proved to be a bit more difficult than I had first imagined. Even though the city I was stationed in, Schweinfurt, dated back nearly a thousand years digging opportunities were not to be found. Construction sites were closed and posted and urban property owners looked at you as if you were “verrueckt” (crazy) if you asked permission to dig. With such obstacles, my search quickly switched to antique shops. That, too, was a disappointment. While I did find a few bottles, the bottle bug had not yet infected German antique collectors. The bottles I found in the shops tended to be very old or uninteresting freeblown bottles, painted decanters and such. Embossed medicines, beers and the other bottles I liked were not to be seen. That is, not until one October day in a shop in Frankfurt. Lady Luck again played a part and I found a WARNER’S “SAFE” CURE / FRANKFURT. That bottle, perhaps the first Safe Cure from Frankfurt found by an American collector, not only gave my morale a boost, it indirectly led to months of productive digging of a kind I had not anticipated. Being rather pleased with my find, I wrote a short story about it for the Old Bottle Magazine, telling about the Frankfurt Safe Cure and how difficult it was to find bottles in Germany. The story languished on the editor’s desk for months, but finally appeared in the May 1973 issue. I had just finished reading the May “OBX” one evening when the phone rang. Answering “Lieutenant Beccue” in proper Army fashion, I heard a voice ask “are you the dumb-ass L-T that can’t find old bottles in Germany?” That was the start of a great friendship and months of good digging. The caller was Staff Sergeant John McLean, an ordnance repair specialist stationed at our Division HQ in Wuerzburg, just 30 miles away. A career soldier who was on his third assignment in Germany, John was married to a German girl and had used his connections in the community to solve the puzzle of how to dig German bottles. Except, to a great extent, we didn’t really dig; we picked. The secret was “down in the dumps” for want of a better term. Throughout that part of Germany the small towns each maintained a “schuttplatz” or town dump. Often located in a ravine, abandoned gravel pit or marshy area, the dumps were open to the local people to dispose of

S/Sgt. John McLean and Lt. Beccue at the Geldersheim dump -- in the author’s left hand is the Anchor Sarsaparillian. The thick, tangled and spiny buckthorn which choked the ravine made digging a real challenge. We were picking thorns out of our hides for a couple weeks after that dig.

The author today with the green carboy dug in the Rannungen dump. I am still amazed that such a large bottle was found intact. It is by far the largest bottle I have dug, and the great color and pontil make it one of my favorites, even after all these years.


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Bottles and Extras

anything and everything. Modern solid waste management it most certainly was not. Being from a small town in Minnesota myself, the schuttplatz concept was quite familiar, but I would never have thought to go to a new dump to look for old bottles. As John patiently explained, however, the locals were throwing old and collectible items in the dumps all the time. While the large cities had been heavily bombed during World War 2, the small villages in our part of Germany had suffered no significant damage. Schweinfurt was the scene of the largest U.S. bombing raid of the war because of the presence of several factories which produced most of the ball bearings needed for German military equipment. Following the war Schweinfurt had to be almost entirely rebuilt. But by the time ground troops reached that area the war was almost over and most Wehrmacht units were just looking for a place to surrender. While the large cities had to be rebuilt after the war the small towns in our area were filled with untouched homes and other buildings that were two or three hundred years old. That was the key. The good German citizen is very tidy and keeps his home and grounds in immaculate condition. It was not unusual to find a heap of bottles, old clothing and antique household goods of every description in the town schuttplatz, just where a Three green beauties from Germany, a pen rest ink, homeowner who Apostle Brau beer and Renner Magen Bitters. Shades had decided to clean of green are common in German bottles, and German the attic, cellar or glass is also often heavily “whittled”. The author shed had recently believes that German glass blowers did not think it dumped it. To a worthwhile to go to the trouble to vent the molds of German in 1973, common bottles – to the delight of modern collectors. 19th Century things that we thought were great antiques were nothing more than rubbish. Their idea of an antique was something from perhaps the 17th Century… or earlier. My first dump trip with McLean was on June 24, 1973, and it set the tone for the next year. Visiting three small dumps that day I found 21 bottles worth keeping, the best being a one liter green beer, heavily embossed with an anchor logo, which sits on one of my shelves today. While we did not find as many bottles on every trip, we never went home empty-handed. We went dumping at every opportunity over the next year, whenever our combined schedules allowed. Over time we discovered many more dumps all over Northern Bavaria and we marked them all on a set of Army maps. I quickly learned to keep local map sheets with me at all times, and on one occasion located two new dumps while catching a ride back to Schweinfurt in a Huey, courtesy German Father Christmas – Der of the Third Division Transportation Company. Spotting likely locations from Weihnachtsmann. A German friend 1,500 feet in an Army ‘chopper may be an odd way to locate bottles, but it did told me he is holding a small evergreen cause Mac and me to consider how we could arrange other dump-spotting flights. in his left hand, for the good boys and Sadly, such opportunities were rare for ground troops like us. Bottles were not our only dump finds. Many other antiques were found girls, and switches in his right -- for the not so good. This is not the “Jolly Old lying amidst the modern trash, including pieces of pewter and copper ware, NaziElf” of the poem by Clement Moore. era items and John’s favorite - colorful Bavarian peasant costumes. On one


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memorable day John found a box containing nearly forty silver 5 Mark pieces, apparently tossed because they were from the mid-thirties and bore the swastika, which was illegal in post-war Germany. Digging did enter into the picture as time went on. Exploring around some of the dumps we located sections which had been used many years before and then abandoned. In one such dump near the village of Rannungen the following May I located an area overgrown with trees and weeds, obviously unused for decades. I only had my Army entrenching tool, but the digging was shallow and in less than 15 minutes I had dug a beautiful green H. RENNER / HOF / MAGEN BITTER, a figural Santa Claus schnapps bottle and an olive green carboy holding nearly 4 gallons, with a nice pontil. One Sunday I was exploring for new dumps and found one just a few miles from Schweinfurt. As I followed the standard procedure, walking around the edge of the dump in knee-high rubber boots while turning items over with my lucky walking stick, I noticed an older German man, eyeing me suspiciously. I could tell that he was looking for copper, brass and other metals to recycle, so I assured him that I was not in competition for the metals, but was just looking for “alte flaschen”. Once I had explained what I was collecting he became very friendly and gave me directions to a long-abandoned dump a few kilometers away. I told him that I had driven by the spot several times without seeing the dump, but he insisted that the small ravine, choked with buckthorn, held a dump… and lots of bottles. What a dump it was! Abandoned for decades, the dump near tiny Geldersheim gave up many great bottles and other treasures. Among the most prized was an ANKER (embossed anchor) ANCHOR SARSAPARILLIAN // NEWYORK, ROTTERDAM, RUDOLSTADT, OLTEN // F. AD. RICHTER; from the same company which produced ANCHOR PAIN EXPELLER, which is found both here in the U.S. and in Germany. A squat debossed stoneware mineral water of early 19th century vintage and a bisque “The author contemplating a German Schuttplatz – 1974; As we said back then: one Christmas tree angel are two other German’s trash is an American’s treasure.” items that jump off the pages of my digging diary for those days. Over five days of digging at that location I took home 87 bottles and McLean carried off as many more. Perhaps our most memorable dig was the last one. My orders had arrived, scheduling me to rotate back to “The World” in August, 1974. With the end of my German digging in sight, I hoped for one more good outing. On a Friday night, July 19th, John called with the news that he had located a dump on a steep hillside in Wuerzburg, near the University. He said that it would be tough work, being overgrown with trees and buckthorn, but that he thought it looked pretty good. We were there early the next morning and managed to squeeze in 4 days of digging before the end of the month. The place was loaded with bottles, seldom buried more than 2 feet. Not surprisingly, being adjacent to a University, ink and beer bottles were everywhere. I still have two inks from that dig, both of 1870s vintage, with a grooved “pen rest” on the shoulder of the bottle. One is “Bennington” salt glaze stoneware, the other a sparkling green. My favorite German beer also came from that dump, an emerald-green beauty, APOSTLE BRAU (embossed figure of man in robes) WORMS, which dates to about 1885. Another item in that dump did not go home with us, and is probably there today. I was digging on a steep section of the hill when an unexploded anti-aircraft projectile, appearing to be about a 40mm, rolled out and landed against my foot. I say “about” 40mm because I didn’t wait around to examine it closely. I could see that it was fused and had been fired, but was an apparent dud. Since finding unexploded ordnance was not unusual in Germany, I knew that an “apparent dud” remained potentially lethal, even after three decades. Since my buddy John was the ordnance expert I called him over for a


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professional opinion. Walking gingerly to within about 10 feet of it, he announced that we should place some marking sticks around that area and dig… somewhere else. I will never know what treasures we missed in that part of the Wuerzburg dump, but I didn’t want to dig badly enough to risk having the “dud” dig a crater with me next to it. Less than a month later I was back in the States, visiting family and even getting in a couple of digs before heading on to my next duty assignment. My household goods eventually caught up with me at Ft. Sill, Oklahoma, and I was able to sort through the 388 bottles I had “dug” in Germany and more than 100 purchased in Vienna, London, Amsterdam, Copenhagen and many Germany cities, setting some aside for trade or sale but keeping those special ones which are still on my shelves today. Despite trying to stay in touch with John McLean I eventually lost track of that great digging partner, probably due to the many moves each of us made during the next few years, him in the Army and me returning to Minnesota and college. Or, “Anchor Saraparillian and maybe he was just too busy finding great stuff in the German dumps to take time Frankfurt “Safe” Cure - two great out to write. By the time I left Germany we had noticed that some of the old-style dumps German patent medicines.” were starting to close, being replaced by modern fenced “land fills” just like in the States. I have to believe that even though they have now been closed for nearly 40 years, some of the old German schuttplatzen may still be fruitful spots for German diggers as the hobby continues to grow over there. I hope they enjoy them as much as we did. ********************** (The author now lives in western Minnesota “not too far from Lake Woebegone.” His story “Liniments and the Native American People in Frontier Minnesota” appeared in the January – February 2009 issue of Bottles and Extras. He may be reached at P.O. Box 3232, Willmar, MN 56201)


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The Adolphus Busch Glass Factories By Bill Lockhart, Pete Schulz, Carol Serr, and Bill Lindsey

Adolphus

Busch was the son-in-law of Eberhard Anheuser and the driving force behind the brewery’s success (Hernon & Ganey 1991). He made a number of tremendous advances in brewing history, the most important of which (at least from a bottle research standpoint) was employing Pasteurization to the beer-making process. This, in 1872, allowed for the long-range shipping of beer and, coupled with the use of refrigerated railroad cars (also pioneered by Anheuser-Busch), accounted for the spread of lager beer across the American West and internationally. Busch was also highly interested in beer bottles. Plavchan (1969:75), a historian researching Anheuser-Busch, discussed the series of glass houses used by Anheuser-Busch in its quest for sufficient bottles to keep up with its beer production. To maintain the increase in beer production, Anheuser-Busch even imported bottles from Germany. Because of this increasing need for bottles, Adolphus Busch became involved in bottle production, becoming one of the principals in the Streator Bottle & Glass Co. and possibly other glass houses. Of interest to us, Adolphus Busch also formed a series of companies to manufacture bottles for the brewery.

History

Adolphus Busch Glass Works, Belleville, Illinois (1886) Adolphus Busch Glass Co., Belleville, Illinois (18891892) In 1886, Adolphus Busch bought the Belleville Glass Works (Jones 1968:11; Toulouse 1971:26). It was first listed in the city directories as the Adolphus Busch Glass Works in 1887. Because some entries are missing, we have no data for the period between 1886 and 1889. By 1889, the plant was listed as the Adolphus Busch Glass Co. (Ayres et al. 1980:2). It is important to recognize that this was probably exactly the same company. It was typical during the late 19th century for a firm to have one name for the factory (usually ending in “Works”) and another for the operating company. It is almost certain that the Adolphus Busch Glass Co. operated the Adolphus Busch Glass Works. The earliest listing probably named the factory, while all later listings were for the company. A letter offered on the Tavern Trove website still used the Adolphus Busch Glass Works name on November 7, 1909, and a retouched postcard photo from the same year shows the Belleville plant with “ADOLPHUS BUSCH GLASS WORKS” painted on both the roof and front of the building. By 1891, the Belleville factory had been enlarged and made sodas, minerals, and bitters, adding fruit jars in 1892 (Toulouse 1971:26). The American Glass Worker (1886:2) noted that “a St. Louis, Mo., correspondent writes us that the

Anheuser-Busch Brewing Association are building a large bottle house and intend to import foreign blowers to run it.” This almost certainly refers to the Belleville plant. Adolphus Busch Glass Mfg. Co., Belleville, Illinois (1892-1894; 1896-1904) Adolphus Busch Glass Mfg. Co., St. Louis, Missouri (1892-1905; ca. 1908-ca. 1926, poss. 1928) The Adolphus Busch Glass Mfg. Co. incorporated at St. Louis, Missouri, in mid-January 1892. Adolphus Busch, with 1,580 shares, was by far the senior stockholder with 84.3% of the subscribed stock. Other stockholders were Peter Schlutter (120 shares), W.F. Modes (50 shares), Matthew Joch (25 shares), Adolphus Busch, Jr. (50 shares), and A.A. Busch (50 shares) (Roller 1997a). Although we have not discovered the exact timing, the St. Louis factory probably opened sometime during 1892. The new name was almost immediately a herald of disaster. Because of the 1893 depression, Busch closed the Belleville plant in 1894. The St. Louis factory, however, remained open (Ayres et al. 1980:2-3), and the Belleville plant reopened in mid-1896 to make amber beer bottles (Roller 1997b). In 1897 and 1898, the St. Louis plant used 48 pots to make its bottles, and that number remained steady until 1900. The St. Louis factory was no longer listed in 1901, but the Belleville plant used 78 pots and continued that number in 1902 (National Glass Budget 1897:7; 1898:7; 1900:11; 1901:11; 1902:11). The entire operation became part of the merger that formed the American Bottle Co. in 1905 (Toulouse 1971:27). Toulouse (1971:27) asserted that “Busch had been a hand plant all these years, which is one reason why the American Bottle Co. immediately [i.e., 1905] closed the Belleville plant.” In another section, however, he stated that the Belleville factory was still open when the Owens Bottle Co. bought American in 1916, and all the hand plants (including Belleville) were closed in 1917. To add to the confusion, the American Glass Review (1934:173) stated that the Belleville plant “closed in 1913.” None of these are correct; the factory actually closed in 1909 (Lockhart et al. 2007:48). Toulouse (1971:30) also noted that “eventually Busch withdrew his St. Louis operations from the merger [that created the American Bottle Co.] and operated them independently until 1928.” However, the St. Louis plant was destroyed by fire on the night of February 22, 1905, at a loss estimated between $50,000 and $75,000. Rebuilding was in process by at least August (National Glass Budget 1905a:6; 1905b:9; Cambridge Jeffersonian 2/22/1905). It is highly unlikely that the factory was rebuilt in time for the merger. Thus, the plant may never have been a part of the American


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Bottle Co. merger. Busch may have opted to rebuild on his own, completely separate from any connection with the American Bottle Co. In any event, the St. Louis plant was operating under the Adolphus Busch name again by October 1908 (Commoner & Glassworker 1908a:1). Although the year when Busch converted to machines remains unclear, the date was probably between 1913 and 1917. A 1913 list noted that the plant used one continuous tank with 23 rings to make beer bottles. Unfortunately, the article failed to state whether production was by hand or machine. By 1917, however, Busch had 14 O’Neill and two Lynch semiautomatic machines (Bristow 1917:16; Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 1913:952). The general change in the industry from hand to machine production of beer bottles occurred between 1912 and 1918. Please note: These dates do not apply to other types of bottles. Toulouse (1971:27) noted, “In 1919 Busch reported one continuous tank and 16 machines” probably the same ones described in 1917. By 1927, the plant made “beers, beevos [i.e., bottles for Anheuser-Busch’s near-beer, Bevo], malt nutrines [another cereal beverage, Malt Nutrine] and minerals” on 15 machines. The entry remained in 1928 and 1929, although it had vanished from the 1930 edition (American Glass Review 1927:127; 1928:128-129; 1929:94). This was deep into the Prohibition period, but beer bottles were not necessarily used for beer. Near-beers were also bottled in “beer” bottles. There is some controversy surrounding the closing of the plant. Anheuser Busch (2005) placed the closing at 1925, but Ayres et al. (1980:3) noted the last listing in the city directories in 1926. According to Toulouse (1971:27), the operation ceased in 1928. The 1927-1929 listings in the American Glass Review (1927:127) supports the Toulouse date, although directories were notorious for continuing to list glass houses after they had closed. We have elected to support a ca. 1926 closing date.

Bottles and Extras

letters and after the “o” in “Co.” Horizontal A.B.G.Co. numbers in our sample range from 3 to 12 (Figure 1); the ones on the arched variation are 8, 12, 21, and 28 (Figure 2). Assuming that the mold

Figure 1 – ABGCo mark, horizontal (Tucson Urban Renewal Collection) numbers were applied sequentially, the arched variation may have been used after the horizontal format. The horizontal marks are also more common (although our sample is small), suggesting that the arched variation was not used for a long period of time. Since both styles have been found on cobalt blue “Liquid Bread” bottles, made between ca. 1890 and 1915, the horizontal variation was probably used between 1886 and ca. 1892, with the arched mark used from ca. 1892 to 1893. See Liquid Bread section below for more discussion

Containers and Marks Adolphus Busch Glass Co. - A.B.G.Co. (1886-1893) Jones (1966:6; 1968:9), Wilson (1981:113), Ayres et al. (1980:n.p.), and the Rhyolite Bottle House webpage all illustrated the “A.B.G.Co.” manufacturer’s mark. It was also described in Herskovitz (1978:8), although he did not note the configuration of the mark. The printed sources all have the mark across the center of the bottle base (accompanied by a “3” in Wilson and a “4” in Ayres et al.), but the Rhyolite website showed the mark in an arch on what appeared to be a post bottom accompanied by the number “26” in the center. The horizontal marks each have a lower-case “o” in “Co”; however, the “O” is capitalized in the arched variation. All marks we have seen have punctuation between the major Figure 2 – ABGCo mark, arched (eBay)


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about mold numbers. Herskovitz found a total of 12 bottles from Fort Bowie (1862-1894) with the A.B.G.Co. mark along with numbers from 1 to 10 in association with the mark. Wilson showed only one base from Fort Union (occupied from 1863 to 1891). Our examination of the TUR collection revealed that the four examples there all had applied, two-part finishes.

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arch. In one variation, “A.B.G.M.CO.” forms a complete circle around the central letter/number combination; in the other, a notable gap is present between the “O” and the “A.” Hutchinson-style soda bottles use yet another configuration and placement of the mark – small letters embossed horizontally on the back heel of a bottle (Figure 4). In all examples we

A.B.G.CO. / STL (1892-1893) At this point, we have only recorded a few bottles with this designation. According to an eBay seller, “The A.B.G.C. was in large letters and was embossed around the bottom with the St.L in a line below with a large dot in the center - might have been a number but the whole thing was so crude I couldn’t tell. The top was the standard AB blob with bottom ring (like the Liquid Bread bottles).” Since the seller described the base as “crude,” the logo was almost certainly “A.B.G.CO.” Another eBay seller photographed

Figure 3 – ABGCo / St.L on Hutchinson heel (eBay)

Figure 4 – A.B.G.M.CO., heel (eBay) have seen, the “O” in “CO” is upper case, and punctuation occurred between the major letters. The mark actually has two date ranges. With the name change in 1893 (to include the word “Manufacturing”), the mark would doubtless have been used by both plants. Although the Belleville plant was closed from 1894 to 1896, once reopened, it would have used the mark until the 1905 merger. The St. Louis plant continued to use the mark until the merger that created the American Bottle Co. (or the fire) in 1905. However, since Busch withdrew the St. Louis plant from the merger “after a few years” (Toulouse 1971:400), or the plant was destroyed by fire and never became part of the merger (see discussion above), the mark would have again been used from ca. 1908 (Commoner & Glassworker 1908b:1) to the end of hand manufacture (ca. 1917? later?). Note that this second date range only applies to the St. Louis plant as the Belleville factory remained part of American Bottle Co.

a similar mark on the heel of a Hutchinson soda bottle – A.B.G.CO. (tombstone-shaped arch) / STL (horizontal) on the back heel (Figure 3). Miller (1980:17) also illustrated the mark, but his drawing was crude. Busch opened his St. Louis factory about 1892 and changed names either late that year or the following year, so this designation should only fit into the two year period of 1892-1893. Since the Belleville factory was a longestablished operation, it was the “default” plant and used no special designation. Adolphus Busch Glass Manufacturing Co. A.B.G.M.Co. (1893-1905 and ca. 1908-1920 or earlier) This mark is found on post bottom beer bottle bases, often encircling a letter/number in the center. Two different types of variations occur, but neither appears to be temporally relevant. One dichotomy centers on the size of letters, with both smaller and larger variations. The second concerns the shape of the

Figure 5 – A.B.G.M.CO., large letters – letter and number (eBay)


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We should expect some significant changes in bottle styles between the two date ranges, and the two variations may indicate the two time periods. Although the sample is small, current empirical data suggest that the only notable variance that might suggest a temporal change is the numerical system used for mold marks. The vast majority of the bottles we have recorded have marks that surround letter/number combinations, ranging from A2 to Y6 (including some two-

Figure 6 – A.B.G.M.CO., small letters – letter and number (eBay) digit numbers, e.g., S45). We sugest that these belong in the post-fire period, beginning in 1908 (Figures 5 & 6). A few bottles, however, have numbers without letters (only “1,” “13,” and “76” recorded so far), and one was recorded by the Ayres group as having only the letter “F” in the center. These, we suggest, were used during the prefire period, 1893 to 1905 (Figure 7). The very few crown-

Figure 7 – A.B.G.M.CO., large letters – numbers only (eBay) finished bottles we have seen had no numbers or letters accompanying the A.B.G.M.CO marks. By 1908 (and probably both earlier and later), most if not all of the Busch bottles were sold to the Anheuser-Busch

Bottles and Extras

brewery. A 1908 article noted that the Busch glass factory had “a capacity of 1,000 gross of beers per day. They will run on Budweiser bottles exclusively” (Commoner and Glassworker 1908b:1). Since Budweiser advertisements offered cork finishes until ca. 1914, the two-part finish (made for cork stoppers) was probably used by AnheuserBusch until then, although the company used corks in crown finishes as well. Occasional bottles have the A.B.G.M.Co. marks with no accompanying letters or numbers (Figure 8). Unfortunately, these were used during both periods. Clint (1976:128, 153) illustrated two Colorado beer bottles with the mark and no letters or numbers. He dated one of these ca. 1895-1899 and the other ca. 1902-1908, confirming that the unaccompanied mark was used during the first period. As noted above, however, marks with no numbers are also found on bottles with crown finishes. The discovery of only tooled finishes on A.B.G.M.Co. bottles is intriguing. In general, beer bottle makers continued using applied finishes on their bottles until 1896 or later (see Lockhart 2007). Although some beer bottles were made with tooled finishes as early as 1890, they were usually embossed with the name of the brewery. Generic bottles for paper labels generally retained the applied finishes. Since we have not found a single example of an applied finish on a bottle with the A.B.G.M.Co. mark, it seems that Busch may have been the trendsetter, using tooled finishes about three years or more ahead of his competitors. This may even have forced the trend. Glass factories had made virtually all smaller, non-beer bottles with tooled finishes decades earlier. Alternatively, of course, Busch may not have embossed bottles until after 1890 or later. Busch certainly had machines to make beer bottles by at least 1917 and probably earlier. It is thus likely that these machines were used to produce beer bottles. However, we have yet to find a single machine-made beer bottle with the A.B.G.M.Co. mark. Apparently, like the American Bottle Co., the company only marked its handmade bottles with its logo. To extrapolate a legitimate end date for the A.B.G.M.Co. mark, we need two missing pieces of data: 1) the year machine manufacture began; and 2) the year hand blowing ended, especially the latter date. It is virtually certain, for example, that Busch had joined almost all the other returnable bottle producers in the exclusive use of machine methods no later than 1920. Roller (1983:2) and Creswick (1987:1) both noted that the A.B.G.M.Co. mark was also found on the bases of a grooved-ring, wax-sealer fruit jars in an arched shape with a number in the center of the base. Roller suggested an 18801890 date range, and Creswick dated the jars as “circa 1886 and later.” Unfortunately, neither source noted the presence or absence of ejection (valve) scars or any other marks that would denote either machine or hand manufacture. Jars on eBay did not have ejection scars, suggesting that they were mouth blown. The only number noted on the jars by


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Creswick was a “2” – also the only number we have seen on eBay (Figure 9).

Figure 9 – A.B.G.M.CO. on fruit jar base (Creswick 1987:1)

A.B.G.M.Co Belleville Ill. (1899-1905) This mark is shown in Adams (1972:47) and Miller (n.d.:12), both on cobalt blue “liquid bread” bottles. In both cases, “A.B.G.M.Co.” is embossed in an arch around the edge of the base, and “BELLEVILLE / ILL.” is marked horizontally across the center (Figure 10). Since

Figure 11 – Trade Card for Liquid Bread (Bill LIndsey)

Figure 10 –A.B.G.M.Co. / 2 / BELLEVILLE / ILL. (Tucson Urban Renewal Collection) the only time the Belleville name would have been needed is when both the Belleville and St. Louis plants were under Bush’s name, the mark was probably used from 1896 to 1905. All known liquid bread bottles had cork (two-part) finishes. We found a single example of this mark on a cobalt blue export-style beer bottle in the TUR collection. Photos from eBay show the same style bottle. Possibly, this was the only style of bottle produced by the Belleville plant during the time period. Unlike the more common style (without “BELLEVILLE”) discussed above, the “o” in “Co” is always lower case. By 1905, a plant in Belleville (almost certainly Busch) had installed six fruit jar semi-automatic machines (National Glass Budget 1912:1). This occurred just about the time that the Belleville plant became part of the American Bottle Co. Like the machine-made beer bottles from American, jars produced by these machines were apparently not marked with any Busch or American bottle logos.

Liquid Bread According

to

Munsey

(2007:63),

David

Nicholson’s Liquid Bread (Figure 11) was produced between ca. 1890 and 1915 (see Lindsey 2010 for a more thorough discussion of Liquid Bread). Anheuser-Busch bottled the product in the distinctive cobalt blue bottles described above. Munsey also noted that the product “came in both ‘turn-mold’ bottles with no vertical seam marks and ‘twopiece mold’ bottles” (Figure 12) Currently, we have found no evidence that either of the Adolphus Busch companies made turn-mold bottles. Streator Bottle & Glass Co., however, was noted for them and had distinct connections with Anheuser-Busch. Cobalt blue beer bottles are known with four variations of the Busch company manufacturer’s marks. Two are A.B.G.Co. marks from the earlier Adolphus Busch Glass Co. One of these (Variation A) is embossed horizontally across the base with a oneor two-digit number below it (currently, we have recorded 1 and 11) (Figure 13); the other Figure 12 – Turn-mold Liquid Bread bottle (Bill Lindsey) (Variation B) is in an arch at


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Figure 13 – ABGCo mark, horizontal on Liquid Bread bottle (eBay) the top of the base (with ends extending halfway down) with a two-digit number in the center (21). The other two logos are from the Adolphus Busch Glass Mfg. Co. and are marked A.B.G.M.Co. One of these (Variation C) is arched with the ends drooping well below the center line to almost complete the circle (Figure 14). These are embossed in the center with a letter and a single-digit number (P3, V1, X5, Y2, Y5, Y6). The other variation (Variation Figure 14 – A.B.C.M.CO / D) is described above with Y2 on Liquid Bread bottle BELLEVILLE / ILL. in the (eBay) center and the numeral “1” between the company initials and the location (Figure 15). Using the company information, we can deduce a chronology for the marks. Nicholson’s Liquid Bread was offered by AnheuserBusch from ca. 1890 to 1915; A.B.G.Co. was used from Figure 15 –A.B.G.M.Co. / 1 / 1886 to 1893; A.B.G.M.Co. BELLEVILLE / ILL. on Liquid was used during two periods: Bread bottle (eBay) 1893-1905; ca. 1908-ca. 1917; and the mark with Belleville added was only used during the 1896-1905 period. Variation A – ca. 1890-1893

Bottles and Extras

Variation B – ca. 1890-1893 Variation C – 1893-1905; 1908-1915 Variation D – 1896-1905 This broad chronology requires some speculation. Lockhart (2006) has discussed the likelihood that mold numbers on pre-Prohibition beer bottles followed a sequential order that could roughly be used to establish ordinal scales for such containers. Lockhart further hypothesized (based partly on historical information in Jones 1963:[19-20]) that letter/number combinations occurred temporally after the use of numbers alone. Thus, Variation A was likely used during the early part of the ca. 1890-1893 period, and Variation B was used during the later years. Variation A marks on amber bottles also have single-digit numbers, suggesting an earlier use. Numbers alone and letter/number combinations below “P” appeared on amber and aqua-colored bottles with Variation C marks (as low as “1” up to “13” and “A2” up to “Y2” with numbers as high as “S45”). Assuming that the mold codes follow a sequential order, and assuming that numbers were used prior to the letter/number combinations, the lack of numbersonly on Liquid Beer bottles coupled with the high range of letter/number combinations suggest that these bottles were used during the 1908-ca. 1917 period. In other words, even though Variation C has the potential to have been used during the 1893-1905 period, it was probably that only the logo/number combination was used then. It is likely that turn-mold bottles were also used during that period. Since the three Belleville bottles we have observed were all apparently made in the same mold (with the numeral 1 between the logo and location), Variation D bottles were probably only manufactured during overload situations, when the St. Louis plant could not furnish enough bottles. This analysis leaves a gap in the chronology between 1905 and1908. It is probable that the turn-mold bottles were made during the 1905-1908 period. It is possible, of course, that turn-mold bottles were used at any time period. The table is intended to show the probable time periods when the Adolphus Busch marks were used. It is unlikely that any turn-mold bottles were produced by Busch; we have found no record of turn-mold technology at either Belleville or St. Louis. The only beer bottle manufacturer we have found that made turn-mold bottles during this period was the Streator Bottle & Glass Co. Although Streator was not noted for making cobalt blue glass, a change in formula was probably fairly easy to accomplish in any remaining hand tank. Busch was one of the principals at Streator.

Discussion and Conclusions

The Adolphus Busch glass houses used two major variations in their manufacturer’s marks, each with a single subvariation. The “A.B.G. Co” mark represented the period when the firm, located at Belleville, Illinois, was named the Adolphus Busch Glass Co. (1886-1893). The St. Louis plant, only open in 1892 (under that name), used “A.B.G.CO. / STL.”


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November - December 2010

Bottles and Extras

Adolphus Busch Glass Mfg. Co. in 1892, only the St. Louis plant remained in operation, using the “A.B.G.M.Co.” logo until the fire that destroyed the St. Louis factory in 1905. The Belleville plant reopened in 1896 and used the “A.B.G.M.Co. / BELLEVILLE / ILL.” mark until the merger that created the American Bottle Co. in 1905 and shifted the Belleville factory to that company. When Busch rebuilt the St. Louis plant ca. 1908, it resumed the name Adolphus Busch Glass Mfg. Co. and used the “A.B.G.M.Co.” logo again until the factory discontinued hand manufacture ca. 1920 or earlier. We have discovered no mark used by the firm on machine-

made bottles. See Table 2 for a chronology. In addition to the marks discussed in this section, we have observed and recorded export beer bottles with “A.B.” and a twodigit number embossed on the bases. Although it is tempting to assign the mark to Adolphus Busch, it does not fit with the known sequencing for the Busch marks. The bottles were probably made during the ca. 1900-1918 period. The initials may indicate a brewer instead of a glass house, although the numbers would be more in keeping with a bottle manufacturer. It is possible that this was a mark used by the American Bottle Co.

Table 1 – Chronology for Bottles and Marks Used on Cobalt Blue Liquid Bread Containers Description

Date Range

A.B.G.Co. (horizontal on base) with numbers from 1-11*

ca. 1890-ca. 1892

A.B.G.Co. (arched on base) with number 20

ca. 1892-1893

A.B.G.CO. (arch) / STL (horizontal) (both on heel)

1892-1893

Turn Mold

ca. 1893-ca. 1899

A.B.G.M.Co. (arch) “BELLEVILLE / ILL (horizontal) with number 1

1899-1905

Turn-Mold

ca. 1905-ca. 1908

A.B.G.M.Co. (arch) with letter/number combination ca. 1908-1915 * These are the numbers we have observed. At this time, we do not know what number between 11 and 20 separates the two configurations.

Table 2 – Chronology of Marks used by Adolphus Busch Mark

Company

Location

Date Range

Adolphus Busch Glass Co.

Belleville, IL

1886-1893

A.B.G.CO. / S L

Adolphus Busch Glass Co.

St. Louis, MO

1892-1893

A.B.G.M.Co.

Adolphus Busch Glass Mfg. Co.

St. Louis, MO

1893-1905

A.B.G.M.Co. / BELLEVILLE / ILL.

Adolphus Busch Glass Mfg. Co.

Belleville, IL

1899-1905

A.B.G.M.Co.

Adolphus Busch Glass Mfg. Co.

St. Louis, MO

1908-1920

A.B.G.Co. T

Sources Adams, John P. 1972 Third Bottle Book. New Hampshire Publishing Company. American Glass Review 1927 Glass Factory Yearbook and Directory. American Glass Review, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 1928 Glass Factory Yearbook and Directory. American Glass Review, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 1929 Glass Factory Yearbook and Directory. American Glass Review, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 1934 Glass Factory Yearbook and Directory. American Glass Review, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Includes reprint of the Glass Trade Directory for 1904. Commoner Publishing Co., Pittsburgh,

Pennsylvania. American Glass Worker 1886 “Trade Notes.” American Glass Worker 1(19):2). Anheuser Busch Companies 2005 “Anheuser Busch Companies. http://www.anheuser-busch. com/ Ayres, James E., William Liesenbien, Lee Fratt, and Linda Eure 1980 “Beer Bottles from the Tucson Urban Renewal Project, Tucson, AZ.” Unpublished manuscript, Arizona State Museum Archives, RG5, Sg3, Series 2, Subseries 1, Folder 220. Berge, Dale L. 1980 Simpson Springs Station: Historical Archaeology in Western Utah. Cultural Resource Series No. 6. Bureau of Land Management, Utah.


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November - December 2010

Bristow, A. E. 1917 “Bottle Plants are Busy.” Glassworker 36(10):1, 16. Cambridge Jeffersonian 1905 “Glassworks Burned.” Cambridge Jeffersonian, Cambridge, Ohio, March 2. Clint, David K 1976 Colorado Historical Bottles & Etc., 1859-1915. Antique Bottle Collectors of Colorado, Inc., Boulder. Commoner & Glassworker 1908a “Pith of the Week’s News: All the New of the Glass Trade Compiled on Condensed form for Quick Reading.” Commoner & Glass Worker 26(48):1. 1908b “Pith of the Week’s News: All the New of the Glass Trade Compiled on Condensed form for Quick Reading.” Commoner & Glass Worker 26(51):1. Creswick, Alice 1987 The Fruit Jar Works, Vol. I, Listing Jars Made Circa 1820 to 1920’s. Douglas M. Leybourne, N. Muskegon, Michigan. Hernon, Peter and Terry Ganey 1991 Under the Influence: The Unauthorized Story of the AnheuserBusch Dynasty. Simon & Schuster, New York. Herskovitz, Robert M. 1978 Fort Bowie Material Culture. University of Arizona Press, Tucson. Jones, May 1963 The Bottle Trail, Volume 3. Nara Vista, New Mexico. 1966 The Bottle Trail, Volume 6. Nara Vista, New Mexico. 1968 The Bottle Trail, Volume 9. Nara Vista, New Mexico. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 1913 “The Present Status of the Glass Bottle and Hollow Ware Industries in the United States.” Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 5(11):951-954. Lindsey, Bill 2010 “Historic Glass Bottle Identification & Information Website.” http://www.sha.org/bottle/index.htm

Bottles and Extras

2009 “The Dating Game: Marks used by the Mississippi and Lindell Glass Companies.” Bottles and Extras 20(1):34-43, 56-58. Miller, Thomas 1980 “A Survey of Early Soda/Mineral Water Manufacturing in St. Clair, Co. A Glimpse of Illinois History through Glass (18401910).” Unpublished manuscript for the Metro-East Antique Bottle and Jar Club. n.d. “St Clair Co., Illinois Blown-in-the-Mold Prescription and Medicine Bottles, 1870-1920.” Unpublished manuscript for the Metro-East Antique Bottle and Jar Club. Munsey, Cecil 2007 “David Nicholson’s Liquid Bread®: About the Well Known Circa 1890-1915 Cobalt-Blue Export-Shape Beer Bottle, Beginning With a Short Summary of the History of ‘Liquid Bread’ – Beer.” Bottles and Extras 18(3):60-64. National Glass Budget 1897 “Glass Directory.” National Glass Budget 12(42):7. 1898 “Flint, Green and Cathedral Glass Factories of the United States and Canada in Operation.” National Glass Budget 13(38):7. 1900 “Complete List of Glass Factories in the United States and Canada.” National Glass Budget 15(48):11. 1901 “Complete List of Glass Factories in the United States and Canada.” National Glass Budget 17(1):11. 1902 “Complete List of Glass Factories in the United States and Canada.” National Glass Budget 17(52):11. 1905a “St. Louis Plant Burned.” National Glass Budget 20(41):6. 1905b “The American Bottle Company.” National Glass Budget 21(15):9. 1912 “Changes Wrought in 7 Years.” National Glass Budget 30:1. Plavchan, Ronald J. 1969 “A History of Anheuser-Busch, 1852-1933.” dissertation, St. Louis University.

Doctoral

Roller, Dick ^ 1983 Standard Fruit Jar Reference. Privately published.

Lockhart, Bill 2006 “Do Numbers Matter? A study of Beer Bottle Bases.” Unpublished manuscript.

1997a “St. Louis, MO History Notes.” Dick Roller files.

2007 “The Origins and Life of the Export Beer Bottle.” Bottles and Extras 18(3):49-57, 59.

Toulouse, Julian Harrison 1971 Bottle Makers and Their Marks. Thomas Nelson, New York. Wilson, Rex 1981 Bottles on the Western Frontier. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

Lockhart, Bill, Pete Schulz, Bill Lindsey, Carol Serr, and David Whitten 2007 “The Dating Game: The American Bottle Co., A Study in Contracts and Contradictions.” Bottles and Extras 18(1):47-56. Lockhart, Bill, Pete Schulz, Carol Serr, and Bill Lindsey

1997b “Belleville, IL History Notes.” Dick Roller files.


Bottles and Extras

November - December 2010 that several years ago there was old “junk” By Doug Shilson in her backyard tornado shelter. The last big tornado that hit the area was back in 1938 or ’39. The shelter was filled up with all the glass and junk just in case they needed to preserve more food. Beulah mentioned to the “salesman” that maybe she would look, too. The man departed and said he

Down on the Farm It was one of those warm summer days. The landscape was dotted with farmhouses. Maude Carlson was 82 years old and living on a pension of $500 a month. Her neighbor Beulah fared better; she was only 79 and received $575 each month. These two old ladies spent many pleasant afternoons rocking back and forth on the porch talking about the days of long ago. Both were living on the small acreage where they had lived for over 70 years somewhere next to a dusty, dirty road in the Midwest. A middle-aged Fuller brush salesman was driving by and decided to stop and see what kind of sales he could make. He noticed that this particular farmhouse was a wee bit worn down. He started to look around and noticed all the old furniture and the super old fans that were still running after all these years (no air conditioning). After trying to sell Maude and Beulah something they didn’t need or want, the talk turned to antiques. To Maude and Beulah antiques were just old worn-out, dusty things they had always known, but that usually found their way to the public landfill. It amazed them both that the current demand for antiques had raised prices to many times their original cost. The sly Fuller brush salesman finally got around to asking the old ladies about their old bottles and fruit jars. Maude, thinking about that new dress she saw in town a couple of weeks ago, was first to speak. “I just might have some old things around, but you’ll have to give me a week or so to look ‘em up.” She remembered

Down on the Farm Picture supplied by Dar Furda would return in a week or so. After discussing the day’s events, both decided to call it a day and would look at what they could find. Beulah said good-bye and went back over a well-worn path over several acres to her farmhouse. As she was walking, she too dreamed of the nice new “ice box” she saw at the new department store in town. Maude went through the muchmended screen door and put on some old clothes. She put on her old dilapidated straw hat and tied it down over her long, flowing silver hair. Then she tucked her hair neatly under her hat and seized a broom and headed for the “cave” as she called it. As she pried open the creaking doors, she could smell the cold damp earth and the aroma of old junk and wood!

53 She had to be careful as the old steps didn’t look that good, but seemed still strong after all these years (her late husband, Stan was a master at everything and made things to last). She swept all the cobwebs and spiders away. Several mice had made the area their home and now an intruder had come to upset their living conditions. They scattered to get out of the way to avoid getting stepped on. Maude just looked at them and smiled. Many years ago she remembered that she would have been running and screaming at seeing them, but Stan would save the day. She used the broom as a staff and descended into the cool darkness of the “cave.” She looked at the first row of bowed shelves. Maude realized the bowing in the middle of the shelving was caused by the weight of the glass jars. Remembering what the salesman had told her she carefully looked over the jars looking for lettering or what he called “embossing.” “Letters that stand out from the glass” she told herself. At first she thought they all looked alike. They all had some sort of “writing” on them. “Let’s see, he said I should look for the colored ones, like browns and blues, but it’s so dark they all look brown. There they are, those ‘brown jars’ that the man mentioned.” In the corner there were some of the jars her mother had given her as a child and later when she first started housekeeping she remembered that using the old red wax was so messy. There were some of the old stoneware jars that she remembered her mother storing cooked meat in. The jars were “terrible at displaying at the County fair. The food just didn’t look right in them. They never did win any ribbons!” As she looked over the other “bowed” wooden shelves, she discovered more clear jars. Those


54 jars were the ones her mama won her prize money with. The judges could see the quality pickles, peaches and rhubarb inside. Delicious pies were made from the peaches and rhubarb from those jars. Maude thought, “Let’s see, I bet she won over 50 ribbons during those early years. She was a very good cook.” Maude selected some of the browns and a couple of the blues. She brought them up the short climb out of the “cave.” After she placed them on the old wooden kitchen table she went out to her rocker on the porch and sat down to think and rest her old bones. She thought of that new dress she saw and maybe one of those new type fans. Maybe they could be bought with the money she might get from that gentleman. Meanwhile Beulah was busy in her attic as she didn’t have a “root cellar” or “cave” like Maude, as it had caved in long ago. Her house was a large old three-story farmhouse. All the rooms were small with a narrow stairway leading up to the second floor. There was an even narrower staircase up to the attic. It was very hot and very stuffy as no one had been up there in many a year, except those bats! Somewhere there was a small hole where they came in. Once in, they made their home. All they needed was the owner of the house to come up there and disturb their “hanging” around. Beulah was a tough old bird, though. Nothing was going to stop her in her quest for her riches as she kept thinking of that nice new icebox she wanted. One swat and all of the bats decided this was one person not to deal with, and out they went. The attic was filled with all the old stuff that one would see in an old farmhouse, but something was missing. It was too neat looking. Now she remembered! She told her husband Wesley to get rid of those ugly old jars and haul them out and fill that hole in the ground where that old outhouse once stood. She knew that now there was a huge oak tree

November - December 2010 next to that area. “Wes” must have done a good job here in this attic, as the boxes were neatly stacked. “But wait a minute, there was a small room off to the side of the attic where Maude and I played house as children,” she remembered. She had to remove several wicker doll buggies and an old funnel-looking phonograph with hundreds of Edison rolls. But being on a mission, and wanting that icebox, she kept plowing through things. Beulah had to bend over as she entered the small room as it was in a corner. “Funny, it was so big, back then, now it is so small,” she realized. There were several rounded-top trunks in this small room. She could hear funny little sounds coming from one of them. As she opened the trunk lid, wow, to her surprise there was a family of three baby raccoons inside. They had eaten a hole in one of the corners and had made a home. Well, she decided to put them in a box and set them aside, knowing that their mother would be back. She didn’t want to tangle with a mother raccoon with her babies. “Besides, they will be gone in a few months anyway,” she reasoned. Next to the nest were two wooden boxes with colored jars and some filled with something red. The note on the side of each read, “Dirt from 5-2-1861, site of the battle of Manassas Junction.” She thought, “What do I need with two jars filled with dirt from some other state? Oh well, I better keep everything as is for the gentleman so he can do whatever he pleases with it.” As she started to close the cover, she noticed several “square-shaped” bottles in this rather large wooden box. She picked up some of the still-full bottles and looked at the intact labels that read “St. Drakes Plantation Bitters.” Well, they certainly looked interesting but she didn’t think much about the bottles and put them aside. After all it sounded like he wanted only fruit jars anyway. With her meager pension she could use the money, so she brought the jars downstairs.

Bottles and Extras The next day Beulah took her two jars filled with dirt and walked down the well-worn walkway to Maude’s house. Beulah and Maude sipped their morning coffee wondering if their “finds” were actually worth anything. They figured that the six jars sitting on the old kitchen table must be worth something. Hopefully, the two of them could end up buying something at the new department store in town. “Do you really think they are worth anything,” Beulah asked. Maude looking like she knew a little, says, “Well, they might be worth a couple of bucks.” “A couple of dollars, I hope I get enough to buy at least a new straw hat!” Beulah grunted. She found herself thinking that the nice new icebox was now down the drain. A few weeks later, as they were sitting nursing their morning coffee at Maude’s house, the traveling salesman came up to the screen porch door. He looked in and asked, “Have you had time to look for the jars, ladies?” Just as he said that he noticed the jars sitting on the table. He opened the screen door and walked in. Maude was a stickler for manners, and walking into one’s home uninvited was too much. “You weren’t invited to enter, sir, but you’re invited to leave,” she quickly said. Maude was not very big, but her voice carried enough weight to tell this uninvited guest to watch out for this lady, she means business. The man tried to excuse himself, but Maude followed his retreating steps and abruptly shut the door. Beulah was sick, because she had great need for the few bucks that she would have received for the dirtfilled jars. As far as she knew the jars were what he wanted. Beulah kept grumbling about her loss, but Maude assured her that anybody that comes into her home uninvited was not a nice person. Maude figured further that maybe, just maybe, this city slicker had no good intentions anyway. After a few minutes, the man


Bottles and Extras was back at the door, but this time he knocked and apologized to the ladies. Well, Maude, being a good person, relented and let the man back in. He walked over to the table and picked up each jar and examined them. He sat each jar down with disgust. After several minutes of looking he said, “Is this all you found?” Maude looking a little irritated shot back, “Are they any good?” He replied, “They ain’t much, but I will give you two dollars each.” Beulah piped up and asked, “How about the dirt inside my jars?” “Nah, as soon as I get them home I’ll dump the dirt and clean off the labels. He reached for his billfold and put the twelve dollars on the table. Maude didn’t live 82 years for nothing and didn’t feel quite right about this deal. She knew something about the human race. She thought, “Eight dollars for me and four dollars for my friend Beulah?” Something in his manner bothered her. The salesman had already irritated her so she said, “Beulah, you can do as you please, but I think I’ll sit on my decision for awhile.” Then she added “Sir, if you come back in a couple of weeks or so, I’ll let you know my decision then.” As the money was still on the table, the man grabbed the eight dollars and left four for Beulah. He was starting to pick up the jars filled with dirt when Beulah called out, “Hold on there, mister, I think I will tell you in a couple of weeks, too.” The man left in a huff and looked like a rejected salesman defeated by two old ladies. The ladies went outside and sat in their rocking chairs, as the “rejected” salesman drove off in his dusty car. Beulah finally spoke out and said, “Now you’ve done it.” “You could have sold your two jars, but there was something about this man that didn’t look right,” Maude replied. Both were very quiet for some time, contemplating on what they could have had. Just then, several beautiful bright red Cardinals landed on one of the many bird feeders next to the porch.

November - December 2010 “Cardinal,” blurted Maude, “Cardinal Antiques. The last time I was in town there was this new kind of antique store that opened up next to the bank.” Both Maud and Beulah started to rock a little faster and Maude got an idea. She remembered a sign in front of that antique store that said they buy and sell antiques. Maude said, “Umm, I wonder if they buy old jars?” After several hours of thinking and rocking, Maude got up out of her rocker and found the well-used one-eighth inch thick telephone directory and made a call to that store. Maude was talking and Beulah stopped rocking while she stretched her neck trying to hear the conversation. Maude explained to the person on the other end that there had been a “slick feller” here twice, trying to buy the jars that she and her friend had. She asked the person at the store if the store might be interested in some old jars. Beulah heard Maude warn the person on the line “not to fool around with us older folks, as we know something about antiques.” Just then she turned to Beulah and winked as she had no clue as to just what was an antique. Maude hung up and went back to rocking. Beulah started to ask many questions, but all Maude would say is “Just you wait and see.” Several days went by and a new car drove up and out came a welldressed lady who looked to be around fifty or so. She walked up to the porch where Maude and Beulah were sitting in their rocking chairs and introduced herself. “Hi, my name is Winnie. I was contacted by the lady that owns the Cardinal Antiques store, to come out this way to look at your jars, and give you an appraisal.” Maude gave a quick look to Beulah and looked back at the lady. With Maude’s old gut-feel of trusting, she decided she could immediately trust her. Maude, Beulah and Winnie walked through the old repaired screen door and over to the table where the six jars were. “Well,” ventures Maude, “Are they worth anything?” Winnie looked speechless! As she examined the jars, she kept shaking her head. She took

55 out some paper and started to write down the prices. “Well, this jar is worth $150 and if you had the glass lid for it then it would be worth another $100.” Maude walked over to her old porcelain kitchen sink and reached into the black iron kettle filled with soapy water that was holding the rest of the “glass tops” and the funny looking gizmos that hold the glass tops down. She brought one that fit on top of one of the jars. “There,” said Maude, “The others are being washed -- you’ll have to get them yourself.” Winnie could not believe her eyes. The next jar had a face on the side that said “LAFAYETTE.” It was worth at least $400, and the two aquas (with the same face, but pint size) were worth at least $650 each. The two with the dirt inside turned out to be Civil War jars embossed A. STONE & CO. PHILDA with huge iron pontils on the bottom and complete with wax-filled seals. They were quoted as being worth $500 each! Maude could not believe what she was hearing and Beulah just stood there, reached for her hand fan and then started to fan her face very fast. Both of the old ladies started to cry with disbelief. Winnie thought that she had caused them to cry, but could not understand the immediate cause. She thought that maybe her prices were too low. However, Winnie felt that her prices were fair and accurate. Winnie even felt that if the two ladies wanted her to call in another appraiser to verify her prices she would be willing to do it. After calming down, the three of them sat down and over several cups of coffee and pieces of freshly baked apple pie, a warm friendship developed. Winnie asked if there were any more jars around. “Well,” says Maude, “If you don’t mind a little mice and a lot of dust, then come with me.” As Maude, Winnie and Beulah made their way to the old root cellar, both of the old ladies were grinning from ear to ear. They now realized that their dreams could come true. Maude warned Winnie to be


56 careful because the steps were very old and some were rotted out. Maude opened her cellar wooden doors and gave Winnie a flashlight. As Winnie slowly stepped down one step at a time, she shined the light on the first row of jars and bottles. She could not believe what she was seeing. Her glasses were fogging up due to the dampness of the “cave” but gave up wiping them. They ended up down on her nose. Her heart was pumping fast. After taking a deep breath she settled down and still smelling the decayed wood, walked out into the daylight shaking her head. “Ladies, you have a gold mine right here a few feet from your back door. How would you like to have a sale of your jars and bottles? I will get my partner out here to get the sale set up and all you have to do is sit on your porch and hold onto the money that will be coming to your door!” Maude went back to make some cold lemonade as Beulah and Winnie went over to Beulah’s house. Winding their way over the wellworn path, Winnie noticed several deep depressions in the yard. She asked Beulah, “Is this where the old outhouse stood?” Actually Beulah mentioned that the outhouse had several locations, and when they got “filled up,” they just dug another deep hole and moved the outhouse over to the new location. “But not to worry,” Beulah reassured her, “Wes filled the holes up with the junk he found around the house. So you won’t get hurt!” Winnie mentioned she knew several bottle diggers that would love to “do their thing” and make your area safer to walk around on. Beulah told her that it would be no problem. Beulah figured that all the junk in the holes was probably broken anyway. Besides, she wanted to show Winnie “her stuff” so that maybe she could sell some of her things along with Maude. They walked into the kitchen and up to the second floor past several small rooms that had neatly stacked wooden and cardboard boxes filled

November - December 2010 with her treasures. They hadn’t gotten to the attic yet. Winnie had to stop and look. Long forgotten boxes with the last date written across them, some of the dates were 1890, 1900, 1920 and on. Winnie started to examine some of them and noticed more bottles and some jars that Wes forgot to throw away. As they made their way up the narrow steps into the attic, a bat flew close to Winnie’s head. Beulah called out, “Don’t worry, they’re just trying to get out of your way.” Again Winnie just stood there looking and shaking her head. In the corner there were several wooden cases that were stamped in black, ST. DRAKES X PLANTATION BITTERS. Winnie noticed the picture of the bottle was on the cases, as well. As Winnie opened one of the boxes that were still full of straw, she noticed a strong odor of wine. She took one of the bottles out and looked at the dusty label and then looked at the color of the glass. It was “yellow green,” she thought. In all, there were six of these cases that held 12 bottles each. In the roundedtop trunk there were several more empty ones and some with partial contents. Beulah said, “I suspect Wes had a little sip in his day. He was such a hard worker, but he was happy. God rest his soul.” Winnie kept looking and found more wooden boxes that held deep-color blue jars, with names embossed on them, that she had heard of before. “I think I can make your day,” Winnie said, “With your friend Maude and all this up here, I think we can have one heck of a yard sale. This sale would be one of which no one has seen in these parts for a long time.” Sitting down on Maude’s porch sipping a cold glass of lemonade, Winnie made plans with the two ladies and told them that she would get back to them in a couple of weeks. She finished with “Would that be all right with the two of you?” Maude piped up with “After 82 years, I think that we can wait a few more weeks, right Beulah?” Maude sent a wink in

Bottles and Extras Beulah’s direction. A plan was set. This was going to be a sale of sales, and this was how it was going to work. A call to the president of the area’s largest bottle club was made. Many calls to other members were in motion. The word spread fast of this super find of old bottles and jars. Next thought was where and when? The president was also the editor and passed the word by the club’s monthly newsletter. The secret was known only to Winnie. She would get back to the club’s editor so he could let everyone know the details. The word spread like wild fire. The editor was being called many times day and night. Calls were coming in from all points of the U.S. Only the town’s name and a predetermined time were left out. They were all to meet on an early Saturday morning. By the time the editor got to the area, there were hundreds of cars and twice as many collectors. It was said that the “slick” salesman was in the crowd somewhere. Winnie and the editor had cards made up with each collector’s name on them; then they were dropped into a clear, plastic container. The first name drawn was a lady from Mound, Minnesota. Next was a person from South Dakota. Ron, who lived on a farm. collected bottles for many years. His neighbor Kim was also the lucky person to be selected. Next was a collector from Minnesota named Steve. He just so happened to know Ron (they were partners in digging early outhouses). Rounding out the top 10 was a collector from Iowa. Mike seemed to know a lot about bottles and jars. The drawing went on for over an hour until a little over 200 were handed out. The lucky one at the end was from a small town in Nebraska. The first 15 representing six states were loaded into a large van. Anticipation was the talk of just who were these ol’ ladies and how come no one had heard of them before? Winnie was conducting the sales


“iron” pontil. To round out her items the last person in line on the second was a case of St. Drakes Plantation day was the “slick” salesman. It seems Bitters. Ron from South Dakota first he purchased the only remaining item. picked the only known fruit jar from It was an old stand-up radio, and as the Dakota Territory in an unusual he carried the radio past the ladies “olive green” color. It was from a sitting on the porch, three very small small glass works close to where Ron baby raccoons fell out. The mother lived. He also picked two cobalt jars, raccoon was in close pursuit. Maude, an olive green, cone-shaped Bryant’s Beulah and Winnie were laughing Bitters, a case of St. Drakes Plantation as the “slick” salesman dropped the Bitters and a rare Dakota Territory Jug radio and got into his car and was in both a small and large size. Next never seen again! In the area where in were Kim and Steve. Both went the outhouse stood on Beulah’s land, for their specialty. Kim grabbed the three men were digging up hundreds required amount of Dakota stoneware of jars and bottles. Ron, Steve and and two beautiful yellow jars. One of Kim were all smiles…..Remember, it those jars had “the” dirt inside. Steve could be true!!! went for color. He picked cobalt, olive green, deep aqua fruit jars and a Digging Stories wanted rare Red Wing Minnesota stoneware with a fancy design of a bird and Have a story to tell? the whiskey place of business. The Send it in to: lettering was done in cobalt color. He mdvanzant@yahoo.com also rounded out his selection with a Martin Van Zant case of St. Drakes Plantation Bitters. On and on it went, van after van, 208 Urban St. they came. All Maude and Beulah Danville Ind. 46122 did was smile and rock in their chairs wondering if all of this was going to end. They had several large punch 49er Historial 33rd Annual Bottle Association bowls full of their special lemonade for all the collectors to drink. One of the collectors had mentioned to the editor that maybe, just maybe, the Gold Rush Bottles • Insulators • Pottery • Advertising ¥ Books ol’ ladies flavored Marbles • Photographs • Ephemera the punch with something a little December 4,2010 • 9am-3pm stronger than water FREE Admission and sugar! Toward the end of the two Set up: days of the biggest December 3th • Noon-8pm sale ever to hit this Gold Country Fairgrounds small town, Winnie Auburn, CA and the ladies sat Contact Information: Auburn • 916-631-8019 down and discussed • foabbott@comcast.net Old Town the adventure of what just took place. Oh! By the way,

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at the end of the long driveway, surrounded by giant oaks. She anticipated the amount of collectors and since she was married to the local sheriff, asked for help. He made sure everyone was well behaved. The first van pulled up and the numbers that were handed out were the first in line. The lady from Mound, Minnesota, was just overwhelmed. So many jars, so many bottles. Where do I start? It was a beautiful sunny morning, with the fresh smell of the country side. The sun was shining through all those beautiful colored jars. All those tall, amber bottles with the “ladies leg” necks were also stunning to see. The Mound lady and South Dakota Ron were trying to figure out where to go first. The rest of the people were talking and planning their strategy. Each one had an idea where they would go first. It was like being little kids in a candy store. So close, but so far. A decision had to be made the day before by Winnie and her partner, anticipating the huge crowd, many of whom were coming from far away, that ONLY 10 ITEMS PER PERSON would be allowed (a box full counted as one item). At the next day sale. folks could pick as many as they wanted. This would be fair to all. Each person had 15 minutes to make a selection. These were the ground rules with no exceptions! Approximately 500 jars and over 300 bottles were displayed on tables and on blankets on the ground. There were several hundred stoneware jugs and crocks plus numerous antiques of all kinds. It seems Maude and Beulah had forgotten all the “junk” in the cold dark basements when Winnie went to find more items for sale. More jars and plenty of stoneware from a long forgotten local clay works! Many were marked on the bottom and the sides in cobalt coloring. It was time for the first one in line to get her time to pick. The lady from Mound, Minnesota, picked up several cobalt fruit jars, two ambers, and a very large gallon size aqua jar with an

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Minutes of the FOHBC Board Meeting Wilmington, Ohio August 6, 2010 President Richard Siri called the meeting to order at 9:00 a.m. with the following Board members present: Bob Ferraro, John Pastor, Ed Herrold, Alan DeMaison, Richard Watson, Gene Bradberry, Wayne Lowry, June Lowry, Carl Sturm, Sheldon Baugh, Cecil Munsey, James Bender, Bill Ham and James Berry. Magazine Editor Jesse Sailer was also present. The minutes of the previous meeting of March 6, 2010, at Baltimore were offered for approval. June Lowry stated that there should be one correction. It was decided that the following language be substituted for the final three sentences in the next-to-the-last paragraph of the minutes, as follows: “Using the emergency amendment provision, Bill Ham moved that Article VIII, Section B be changed to have the ballots indicate if a candidate is ‘Board Approved‘, or was ‘Self-nominated. Mr. Siri seconded the motion and it was passed, with Mr. DeMaison casting the sole dissenting vote.” Mrs. Lowry moved that the minutes be approved as amended, and Mr. DeMaison seconded the motion which passed unanimously. Mr. DeMaison passed out a fiscal summary covering the period from July 1, 2009, through June 30, 2010, plus a supplemental report covering July 1, 2010 to August 3, 2010. He pointed out the value of the investment portfolio which stood at $116,461.31 on June 30, 2009, was little changed a year later when it was valued at $115,953.32 as of June 30, 2010. Mr. DeMaison discussed the last year’s results, and then explained that he had not sought another term as Treasurer because he had accepted additional responsibilities as mathematics consultant in his school system at home. Mr. Ferraro moved that the report be approved and Mr. Watson seconded the motion. It passed unanimously. The next items on the agenda were reports and discussions of sites for future annual FOHBC-sponsored shows. Gene Bradberry reported on the status of negotiations with the Marriott Hotel which is connected to the site of the 2011 show in Memphis. He said that he could get a better room rate from another hotel a block away, the Crown Plaza, which offered $89. Gene, however, did not want to give-up trying to get a better rate from the Marriott. The best offer from the Marriott so far was $109, but Gene preferred that location. He asked the Board for authorization to make the best deal he could. Mr. Herrold moved that the Board give Mr. Bradberry the authority to go to $99. The motion was seconded by Mr. Baugh and passed unanimously. The next report was by President Siri who stated that the 2012 Expo for Reno was now under contract. He turned the discussion over to Mr. Lowry who reviewed the terms of the contract with the Grand Sierra. The fee for the large show room would be $5,500 for the three days and parking would be free. The hotel room rate is $89 with the $10 resort fee being waved. A block of 300 – 500 nights is available. Mr. Pastor was given the floor to discuss various sites of interest in New England as possibilities for the 2013 show. He mentioned sites in Manchester, New Hampshire, Hartford, Connecticut, and Springfield, Massachusetts. He indicated he had basically eliminated Burlington, Vermont as a likely site. Mr. Lowry stated that many sites in the New England area were very expensive and in areas not conducive to our show. He had previously, when looking for the 2008 site, reviewed possibilities in Burlington, Vermont, Providence, Rhode Island, Boston, Hartford, Connecticut, and Manchester, New Hampshire. He had recently contacted Centrum Center in Worcester, Massachusetts and Mass Mutual Center in Springfield, Massachusetts. He stated that he thought the Worcester, Massachusetts site might be the best, however, high costs were a problem with most sites in New England. The next agenda item was the consideration of possible changes in the By-Laws. Mr. Herrold declared that he thought this item should be tabled as (1) he believed that there would not be enough time at this meeting for the Board to properly consider the many proposed changes; (2) that the current elections might result in enough changes in the make-up of the Board to affect its opinion, and, (3) that even if proposed changes were voted by the Board at this time, membership approval could not be obtained before the general membership meeting in the summer of 2011. Mr. Herrold made a motion to table the consideration of by-laws changes until the next meeting. Mr. Munsey seconded the motion and it carried by a 10-6 vote. The next agenda item was a “Virtual Museum Update” by Ferdinand and Elizabeth Meyer. One point made by Mr. Meyer was that we needed to update our Web Page and adopt revisions that would be advantageous to move back and forth from the Virtual Museum and the website. Jim Bender made a motion that the Board give Mr. Meyer authority to improve the website. The motion was seconded by Mr. Ham and passed unanimously, Mrs. Lowry discussed whether or not the Board wanted to consider increasing the membership dues by $10 for individuals and $25 for clubs to help cover the upcoming increased postal rates affecting the mailing of the magazines, mailing notices, plus increased insurance costs for the Club shows, and other rising costs generally. Mr. DeMaison and Mr. Bradberry both suggested that it might be better to pursue increasing advertising revenues to solve the problem of rising costs. They seemed to


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agree that raising dues was the wrong direction to go, and pointing out that any dues changes would have to be approved by the membership. Mr. DeMaison then moved that First Class mailing fees be raised by $10 and this was seconded by Mrs. Lowry. The motion passed 15 to 1 with Mr. Baugh casting the dissenting vote. At 12:10, Mr. Siri called for a recess or temporary adjournment of the business meeting to reconvene at 1 p.m. The meeting was reconvened at 1:05 pm., with Mr. Siri asking for reports from various Board members. Mr. Bradberry reported on membership efforts at meetings he attended. He suggested future efforts might include submitting articles which could be published in airlines travel magazines, and making possible availability of “Bottles and Extras” to libraries. Mr. Sturm then reported that he had not been asked by the President to perform any specific tasks, but that he had been assisting the Business Manager by sending out letters to life members and otherwise soliciting memberships. Mrs. Lowry reported on tasks she had performed in the last year including assisting Bill Baab in editing Bottles and Extras every issue, adding expiration date to the magazine for member’s reminder, sent out renewal notices, sent out renewal offer for late renewals which resulted in 59 old members returning - $1700 approximately in revenue generation. She continues to support the magazine and membership on a day-to-day basis as needed. Other brief oral reports were made by Mr. Berry, Mr. Ham, Mr. Bender and Mr. Ferraro. Mr. Baugh said that he thought the Board should consider having the Expo Shows in the Midwest because shows in those locations in the past have attracted the highest number of dealers and the locations in the middle United States were generally more affordable. A letter was presented to the board members which necessitated the board going into Executive Session, at the urging of Mr. Baugh, to discuss the situation. The Directors meeting was then adjourned and the Annual General Membership Meeting opened. Groups of non-Board members were then assembled to count the ballots for the bi-annual election of the Board of Directors. One member, Adam Koch, complained that he thought the Board had been lax in not demanding show accountings sooner and more persistently from Mr. Lowry for the Collinsville and York National Shows. Mr. Lowry responded that he had been late but had delivered the show reports a year ago at the Pomona meeting and the money had been returned turned over to the treasurer before that. In addition, he had recently provided the Treasurer with even more information, and that the Treasurer, Mr. DeMaison, had now “signed off” on the accountings. Another FOHBC member, Marvin Ridgeway, addressed the Board, saying that he has known Mr. Lowry for a long time, and had been a witness to a now-completed, high-dollar transaction involving Mr. Lowry that demonstrated Mr. Lowry’s honesty and integrity. Mr. Bender reported the 2010 election results as follows (Candidates with opposition):

Midwest Reg. Martin VanZant Director Joe Hardin

101 votes 77

President:

Gene Bradberry Richard Siri

432 votes 234

Western Reg. Cecil Munsey Director Bill Ham

120 votes 93

Secretary:

Randy Driskill Warren Friedrich

373 votes 282

The remaining officers for 2010-2012 who were unopposed: 1st Vice President Bob Ferraro 2nd Vice President Ferdinand Meyer V Membership Director Ed Herrold Public Relations Director Jim Berry Historian Richard Watson Merchandising Director Kent Williams Southern Region Director Jack Hewitt Director-at-Large Carl Sturm Director-at-Large Sheldon Baugh Director-at-Large John Pastor

Business Mgr. June Lowry Patty Elwood

448 votes 211

Conventions Director

430 votes 229

NE Region Director

Wayne Lowry Jamie Houdeshell Ed Kuskie James Bender

76 votes 70

After announcing the election results, Mr. Bender reviewed his experience of handling an election for the first time, and he distributed a handout which reviewed the procedures, and presented 12 observations or suggestions for future consideration. A copy of this material is attached, and made a part of the minutes of the Membership meeting by incorporation. The meeting was then adjourned. Respectfully submitted, G. Edwin Herrold, Secretary


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FOHBC Board Minutes of Conference Call Meeting, August 12, 2010 On August 12, 2010 President Bradberry conducted the first board meeting of the 2010/2011 term with a conference call. Those present were Mr. Bradberry, Bob Ferraro, Sheldon Baugh, Tom Lines, John Pastor, Ferdinand Meyer V, Dick Watson, Randy Driskill, Jim Berry, Cecil Munsey, Martin VanZant, Jack Hewitt, Kent Williams which represented a quorum. President Bradberry said he would record all conference call vote counts and relay them to the entire board after the conference call. The following actions were taken: 1. President Bradberry introduced Tom Lines as his nomination for Treasurer - Motion was made and seconded. A unanimous yes vote was recorded to confirm Tom Lines as Treasurer. 2. Vote taken to continue to allow the Bottles and Extras magazine editor voting rights. Results – 1 no vote - the remaining members present voted yes – The Editor continues to have voting rights. 3. National show next year - in agreement by all without objection all in favor to use the Marriott @ $104.00. Gene noted he wished he had input from Wayne but the Lowry’s had earlier given notice that they were unable to attend due to family emergency. Gene asked if there was any objection or motions against the Marriott and no response was heard. A motion to go with the Marriott was made - passed without objection. 4. Ferdinand – Museum project update. Ferdinand said he has gotten a few donations for the museum and did not feel great about taking the money personally and wants to know what to do, maybe open bank account for him to use for museum only? no further discussion took place. 5. The assessment of the board was that our website fohbc.com was found to be out of date for several months and needed to be updated ASAP with the new officers and show schedule..., Ferdinand made the motion that Randy once again take on the task of webmaster for FOHBC.com. Mr. Driskill agreed to take on the duties as webmaster for FOHBC.com. (Cecil and Martin have made a commitment to assist Mr. Driskill) 6. Terri Kovel is a life member of the FOHBC and was present at the National Show. She spoke with Ferdinand for over 30 minutes about the museum and also owed Cecil a favor so bought Cecil dinner after the show. It was relayed that she is writing an article about our event! Ferdinand also brought up the fact that Martha Stewart Living had a wonderful eight page article about bottles and referred readers to the FOHBC website for more info! A concern was voiced that this is the worst time to have the website out of date. 7. The Kovel’s blog mentioned a terrible incident where a patron drove for hours to get to the show on Saturday only to be told that Saturday is for serious collectors and he should return on Sunday with the general public. This was upsetting to him because there was advertising saying the show was a two-day show and that had not mentioned the $50 early admission. Mr. Bradberry instructed board member James Berry to call the gentleman to apologize. Summation; the board meeting conference call went very well and was friendly and productive. President Bradberry committed to making these conference calls and board meetings regular and often and promised he would make an effort to bring the FOHBC away from the recent turmoil and lead the Federation Board forward as a team with the goal of having fun. All in attendance exclaimed agreement. Then the meeting was adjourned. Respectfully submitted, Randy Driskill, FOHBC Secretary


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FOHBC Board Minutes of Conference Call Meeting, September 26, 2010 Gene Bradberry, President, called the meeting to order at 9:00pm (EDT). Attendees were Gene Bradberry, Wayne Lowry, June Lowry, Sheldon Baugh, John Pastor, Ed Herrold, Ed Kuskie, Tom Lines, Carl Sturm, Martin Van Zant, Kent Williams, and Ferdinand Meyer V. The primary purpose for the meeting was to appoint, with board approval, a new Midwest Director. First discussion was about how to get membership out in front of the public. Some ideas were: Airline magazines, travel magazines They pay to have articles so a free one should be easy to get in - want professional and something that will peak the interest of general public then lead them to FOHBC website which is having a fresh face put on it approach libraries to become subscribers approach museums especially that have some bottle displays currently Waiting to discuss Western Region Director because Gene has two people he is wanting to talk to. Ed Herrold suggested Dave Maryo and he is one that Gene has a call into and waiting for a return call Gene informed the board that Joe Hardin who worked on this year’s national show was his selection for Midwest Director. He was discussed. Sheldon Baugh made the nomination to approve Joe Hardin. John Pastor seconded the nomination. Vote was ten for and two against. Motion carried and Gene will inform Joe of his appointment. Meeting adjourned. Respectfully submitted,

Ed Herrold, acting Secretary

FOHBC Board Minutes of Conference Call Meeting, September 29, 2010 Gene Bradberry, President, called the meeting to order at 9:10 pm. (EDT). Other Board Members present were Bob Ferraro, Joe Hardin, Jim Berry, Ferdinand Meyer V, June Lowry, Wayne Lowry, Ed Herrold, and Martin VanZant. Mr. Bradberry said he had talked to several possible candidates to replace Cecil Munsey, who has resigned as Western Director, and that he would like to appoint Dave Maryo, President of the Los Angeles (CA) Antique Bottle Club, to fill the vacancy created. Ed Herrold made a motion that the Board approve the appointment of Mr. Maryo to fill out the vacant term of Western Director. Mr. Ferraro seconded the motion and it was passed by a unanimous vote of those present. Mr. Meyer gave a progress report on the Virtual Museum. He is also redesigning the FOHBC website to make it more appealing as well as compatible with the Virtual Museum site. He stated that he expected to be able to provide some detail to the Board in three or four weeks via a Go-To-Meeting computer presentation. The FOHBC webmaster or someone else, not him, would need to actually create the new redesigned website and maintain it. Currently Randy Driskill, as was voted on in the August 12 conference call, is the FOHBC webmaster and is updating the current website. On another matter, Mr. Bradberry said that he had learned that our web domain name, first established in October of 1997, was due to expire October 21, 2010, unless renewed. He said that his son, who was much more adept at computer searches than he, came up with information that seemed to indicate that Kathy Hopson-Sathe, our former magazine editor and a former webmaster as well, is the administrator of the domain and her home address is shown as the address of the domain contact!! This is obviously an error and seemed to come as a surprise to all the Board members. June Lowry volunteered to research the problem. Mr. Bradberry then appointed Mrs. Lowry to investigate the matter immediately and report her findings to him, along with her recommendations, as soon as possible. Respectfully submitted, Ed Herrold, acting secretary.


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Classified Ads For sale For Sale: Extra baby bottles and invalid feeders from our collection. Write to us with wants and we’ll determine if we can help you and your collection. Contact: Teresa Harris, email: funnut@comcast.net. For Sale: Whiskey jugs, all sizes, post -1934. Write or email for list. Contact: Jack Sullivan, 4300 Ivanhoe Pl, Alexander, VA 22304, email: jack. sullivan9@verizon.net For Sale: Very rare bluish aqua 6” tall GROSS & ROBINSON’s master ink bottle. Heavily embossed GROSS & ROBINSON’S / AMERICAN / WRITING FLUID in three horizontal lines. Perfect condition with lots of whittle and bubbles. Large open Pontil. Firm price - $1,100.00 plus postage and insurance (required) paid with USPS postal money order. Will ship to US address only. Contact: John Henderson, email: johnwhenderson@ earthlink.net. For Sale: New book, Soft Drink Bottlers of the United States, VT and NH, volume one of a multi-volume series. Contains details for each soda/ mineral water bottler from 1800 to the present including dates, addresses, products, brands, flavors, personnel and more. Cross reference lists and fully illustrated. Only $18.95. Contact: Chris Weide, email: cweide@comcast. net or visit ca-yd.com/html/bottles/ soda_homepage.htm. For Sale: Veterinary for sale. Veterinary collectibles. Roundtab6 has held twice

Bottles and Extras


Bottles and Extras yearly phone bid auctions of veterinary patent medicines and related advertising for over ten years. Subscription for one year includes two color catalogues and four newsletters for $30. I always have veterinary items for sale. Contact: Michael, email: petvet@mindsprint. com or www.veterinarycollectibles. com For Sale: I have some western CocaCola and other western seltzer bottles for sale: Contact: Ed Kuskie, ph: (412) 405-9061, email: bottlewizard@ comcast.net. For Sale: COBALT BLUE Barrel, embossed American Eagle Tobacco Co, Detroit, Mich., original metal scre lid and bail. Hemingray made. $6500. Cobalt blue Sanfords Radical Cure with 80% label, base embossed: Potter Drug Boston. $99. Coffin shaped amber poison bottle, 3.125 inches tall, BIM, embossed: F.A. Thompson & Co. Detroit. Embossed in large letter on two end panels – POISON. $650. Cobalt blue candy container in the shape of a cannon, complete with the original stamped tin stand and wheels, very rare in this color. $849. All are Near Mint. Email me for pictures. Contact: Jeff Scharnowske, 1101 N Schiawassee, Owosso, MI 48867, ph: (989) 725-3880, email: jscharno@live.com

wanted Wanted: Sacramento whiskey: THEO. BLAUTH/WHOLESALE WINE/&/LIQUOR DEALERS/ SACRAMENTO, CAL. Barnett #55. Contact: Steve Abbott, ph: (916) 6318019, email: foabbott@comcast.net. Wanted: 1900 and pre-1900 baby bottles. Email photos fine with price. Contact: Charlie Harris, email:

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November - December 2010 relicnut@comcast.net. Wanted: Belleville Ill, looking for Jos Fischer Selters Water, Fisher & Rogger, Fisher & ABEGG, J.N. Clark, A.Koob in amber, T Heberer & Bros. TOP DOLLAR!! Contact: Theo Adams, 3728 Fair Oaks Dr, Granite City, IL 62040, ph: (618) 781-4806, email: stlouissoda@aol.com. Wanted: Alton Ill Looking for A. Yoerger & Bros. A.& F.X. Joerger, and other pontil sodas and bitters from this town. Contact: Theo Adams, 3728 Fair Oaks Dr, Granite City, IL 62040, ph: (618) 781-4806, email: stlouissoda@ aol.com. Wanted: Rare fruit jars especially pints and colors. Wish list includes Western Pride, JJ Squire, Hilton, Ravenna, Pogue and colored 1858’s – pints, quarts, and half-gallons. Also looking for Frank Tea & Spice items with complete and correct closures. Contact: Phil Smith, 2281 Clarkston Ln, Union, KY 41091, ph: (859) 912-2450. Wanted: Lilienthal bottles; stretch glass; carnival glass; western advertising. Contact: Russell Umbraco, ph: (510) 693-0550, email: russellu1@juno.com Wanted: Old soda and medicine bottles from Jackson county, Alabama & Marion county, Tennessee. Contact: Eddie Bellamy, 804 Busbey Ave, Bridgeport, AL 35740, ph: (256) 6080719, email: C.E.Bellam@T.V.A.gov. Wanted: Pre-prohibition whiskey advertising paper weights – glass or metal. Contact: Jack Sullivan, ph: (703) 370-3039, email: jack.sullivan9@ verizon.net. Wanted: Hartley’s/Peruvian/Bark/ Bitters, W.D. Souders, & CO. Muncie,

Ind. Cabin Brand Pure Deep Well Beverages, Property of Cabin Creek Land Co. Decota, W.Va. Any West Virginia Hutch I don’t have. Contact: John Akers, ph: (309) 343-8716, email: mulecreekjohn@aol.com. Wanted: American poisons. Contact: Joan Cabaniss, ph: (540) 297-4498, email: jjcab@b2xonline.com. Wanted: Female cures. Contact: Janice Shier, 6550 Henronswood Dr, Memphis, TN 38119, email: jmshier@ aol.com. Wanted: Dr. Perkins Syrup/Albany N.Y. 1p; can have small flaws. ADR/ Albany OP; can have small flaws. Contact: Don, ph: (518) 365-3783, email: DMEbottles@aol.com. Wanted: The Bottle Research Group is trying to locate a copy of any catalog put out by the Illinois-Pacific Glass Co of San Francisco, California. One sold on eBay a few years ago, so we know one exists. We are working on a n article and need some information from the catalog. Thank you! Contact: Bill Lockhart, 1313 14th St, Apt 21, Alamogordo, NM 88310, ph: (575) 439-8158, email: bottlebill@tularosa.net.

KETCHUP, PICKLES, SAUCES 19th Century Food in Glass Betty Zumwalt, author 498 pages of pictures & research of glass containers the early food industry utlilized Smyth Bound - $25 $10 Christmas Special Mark West Publishers PO Box 1914 Sandpoint, ID 86864


64 Wanted: Fine antique bottles of all types. One or a collection. Immediate payment. Contact: Jim Hall, ph: (847) 249-3715, email: Jim_Hall@baxter.com.

November - December 2010 collections. Contact: Cole, ph: (480) 766-3468, email: colelewellen@yahoo.com.

Wanted: Rawsonville bottles or any bottles with Rawson name on them. Contact; Michael Rawson, ph: (936) 329-8838.

Wanted: Pre-1920 bottles, jugs, advertising with the name “Rathjen”, a San Francisco, California company. Also Dakota Territory items from towns that are now in North Dakota. Contact: Les Rathjan, ph: (701) 301-9483.

Wanted: Florida embossed cork top pharmacy bottles, Alabama embossed cork top pharmacy bottles, and Georgia embossed cork top pharmacy bottles. Contact: Keith Evans, PO Box 6274, Spring Hill, FL 34611, ph: (407) 6207094, email: petcat2006@yahoo.com.

Wanted: Rare poison bottles. Also looking for Marinette, Wisconsin or Menominee, Michigan bottles and memorabilia. Contact: Henry or Toni Johnston, N4123 W Townline Rd, Marinette, WI 54143, ph: (715) 9239351, email: poisonman@cybrzn.com.

Wanted: Midget fruit jars: Mason’s (keysone) Keystone, Acme, Crystal Jar CG, The Gem (one line), The Gem (hourglass on reverse), MGMCo (aqua), The Queen CFJCo, (cross) Mason’s Patent Nov. 30th 1858, Mason’s Patent Nov. 30th 1858 with reverse EHE or tudor rose. Pint fruit jars: amber Mason’s CFJCO Patent Nov. 30th 1858, Quart fruit jars: lettered Mason’s I, J, SR, T, Y, Z or numbered Mason’s D13, D13D, 2D, 29, 30, 31, D32, D39, 114, 241, 309, 490, D16D, D18D, D90, 445. Contact: Jon Vander Schouw, PO Box 14035, Bradenton, FL 34280, ph: (941) 792 Jars(5277), email: fljarman@ verizon.net.

Wanted: Roundup Drug & Jewelry Store items. Braidentown, Bradentown, and Bradenton, Florida items. Manatee county and Palmetto, Florida items. Contact: Bill, ph: (941) 722-7233, email: vandezon@aol.com.

Wanted: Embossed whiskey bottles from Pennsylvania and other states – ca 1850 – 1900. Contact: David Adams, 200 W Lewis St Lot 55, Willcox, AZ 85643, email: botlman@yahoo.com. Wanted: Old Western glass, photos, paper and jugs. One piece or collections. Arizona bottles – really need Winslow, Flagstaff and Globe hutches. Highest prices paid. Old Arizona – one piece or

Wanted: Top dollar paid for green embossed western fifths and flasks. Rare western bitters including Cassin’s Grape Brandy, G.A. Simon’s and Lacours Bitters. Applied top California beers from the 1880s including Jacob Denzler, M Kreiss, H Metzler and any others. I’m looking for New Almaden Vichy water bottles. Please Notice to Members Please check your mailing label for correctness and your membership expiration date. This will insure you continue to receive Bottles and Extras without interruption. If moving, please send in a change of address. Contact: June Lowry FOHBC Business Manager 401 Johnston Ct Raymore, MO 64083 816-318-0160

Bottles and Extras contact: Stephen Hubbell, ph: (253) 8517036, email: morpheus@centurytel.net. Wanted: Veterinary patent medicines and related advertising. Animal medicines especially related to dogs. Animal stock food related especially International Stock Food, Security Stock Food, and Capitol stock food from Tiffin, Ohio. Seeking veterinary go-withs, pin-back buttons, mirrors, and games by Dr. Daniels and Dr. Lesure. Contact with any animal medicine offerings: Michael, ph: (770) 482-5100, email: petvet@mindspring.com. Wanted: Southern California bottles and jugs. Also looking for good crude, but more common quart Saratogas. Contact: Ed Kuskie, ph: (412) 4059061, email: bottlewizard@comcast.net Wanted: 18th century utilities. Damaged considered. Contact: Scott Garrow, ph: (630) 916-7623, email; whitebarnantiques@comcast.net.


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FOHBC Sho-Biz

Calendar of shows and related events FOHBC Sho-Biz is published in the interest of the hobby. Federation affiliated clubs are connotated with FOHBC logo. Insulator shows (courtesy of Crown Jewels) are indicated with an insulator. Information on upcoming collecting events is welcome, but space is limited. Please send at least three months in advance, including telephone number to: FOHBC Sho-Biz, C/O June Lowry, 401 Johnston Ct, Raymore, MO 64083 or E-mail: OSUBuckeyes71@aol.com. Show schedules are subject to change. Please call before traveling long distances.

November 5 - 6 Tulare, California The 42nd Annual Tulare Collectible Show & Sale (Friday 9am - 6pm and Saturday 9am - 2pm) at the Tulare Veterans Building, 1771 E Tulare Ave, Tulare, CA 93274, Info: Dave Brown, ph: (559) 936-7790 or Bob Merzoian, ph: (559) 781-6319 or Mark Merzoian, ph: (559) 783-8759. November 5 - 7 Springfield, Ohio Mid-Ohio Insulator 40th Annual Show to be held at the Clark County Fairgrounds, Springfield, OH. Info: Steve or Lois Blair, ph: (740) 852-3148, email: csb50@ sbcglobal.net or Glenn Drummond, ph: (334) 257-3100, email: glenn@patent1871.com or www.insulators.info/shows/ springfield. November 7 Elkton, Maryland Tri-State Bottle Collectors and Diggers Club’s 38th Annual Show & Sale (9am - 2pm), at the Singerly Fire Hall, Routes 279-213, Elkton, MD. Info: Dave Brown, ph: (302) 738-9960, email: dbrown3942@comcast.net. November 13 Belleville, Illinois Mississippi Valley Chapter of ABA and Gateway Chapter of BCCA present bottle and breweriana show & sale (9am - 3pm $2, early admission 7am $20) at the Belleclair Fairgrounds, Belleville, IL. Info: Curt Faulkenberry, ph: (636) 7975220 or Kevin, ph: (618) 346-2634. November 14 Oakland, New Jersey North Jersey Antique Bottle Collectors’ Association’s 41st Annual Show & Sale (9am - 2pm, early buyers 8am) at the Oakland Elks Club, 33 Ramapo Valley Rd, Oakland, NJ. Info: Ken, ph: (973) 907-7351 or Jim ph: (516) 454-8993.

November 14 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania The Pittsburgh Antique Bottle Club’s Annual Show & Sale ($2 9am - 2pm with early admission at 7am $25) at The Ice Garden, Rostraver Twp, Exit 46B off I70 to Rt 51 North, 4.1 miles. Info: Bob DeCroo, 694 Fayette City Rd, Fayette City, PA 15438, ph: (724) 326-8741 or Jay Hawkins, 1280 Mt. Pleasant Rd, West Newton, PA 15089, ph: (724) 872-6013. November 20 Dalton, Georgia Dixie Jewels Insulator Club’s Fall Swap Meet (8:30am - 3:30pm) at the Dalton Freight Depot, Dalton, GA. Info: John Henderson, ph: (423) 842-3568 or (423) 802-7549, email: rjhshrike@comcast. net or Bill Haley, ph: (423) 756-4106 or (423) 326-9248, email: wgh@tnaqua. org. November 20th, 2011 Terre Haute Indiana The 13th Annual show and Sale Shadow Auction Barn, 1517 Maple Ave. Terre Haute IN. Contact: Ed Newman • bottleed@aol.com or 812-235-2712 November 21 Greensboro, North Carolina The 9th Annual Greensboro Bottle, Pottery & Collectibles Show & Sale (9am - 3pm general admission $1) at the Farmer’s Curb Market, 501 Yanceyville St, Greensboro, NC. Info: Reggie Lynch, ph: (704) 221-6489, website: www.antiquebottles.com/greensboro. November 28 Bethlehem, Pennsylvania Forks of the Delaware Bottle Collectors Association’s 37th Annual Show & Sale (9am - 3pm with early buyers 7:30am) at the Bethlehem Catholic High School, Madison & Dewberry Avenues, Bethlehem, PA. Info: Bill Hegedus, 20 Cambridge Pl, Catasauqua, PA 18032, ph: (610) 264-5945.

December 4 Auburn, California 49er Historical Bottle Association’s 33rd Annual Show & Sale (9am - 3pm with setup December 3rd from noon - 8pm), at the Gold Country Fairgrounds, Auburn, CA. Info: Steve Abbott, ph: (916) 6318019, email: foabbott@comcast.net. January 7 - 8, 2011 Palmetto, Florida Suncoast Antique Bottle Collectors Association’s 42nd Annual Show & Sale, (Friday early buyers 4pm - 7:45pm, $15; Saturday general admission 9am 5pm, $4 - mention ad and receive $1 off general admission), at the Manatee Civic and Convention Center, One Haben Blvd & US Highway 41, Palmetto, FL. Info: George Dueban, ph: (727) 8045957, email: Res08w341@verizon.net or Linda Buttstead, ph: (941) 722-7233, email: OriginalSABCA@aol.com. January 9, 2011 Muncie, Indiana Midwest Antique Fruit Jar & Bottle Club’s Annual Show & Sale (9am - 2pm) at the Horizon Convention Center, Muncie, IN. Info: Dave Rittenhouse, 1008 S 900 W, Farmland, IN 47340, ph: (765) 468-8091 or Jean Harbron, ph: 9765) 644-4333. January 22, 2011 Jackson, Mississippi 26th Annual Mississippi Antique Bottle and Collectables Show & Sale, (Early admission, $20, Friday 3pm - 9pm, General admission, Saturday, 9am - 4pm), at the Mississippi Fair Grounds, Jackson, MS. Info: John Sharp, PO Box 601, Carthage, MS 39051, ph: (601) 507-0105, email: johnsharp49@aol.com. January 22, 2011 Anderson, California The Superior California Antique Bottle Club’s 35th Annual Show & Sale (9am 4pm) at the Shasta County Fairgrounds, Anderson, CA. Info: Mel Hammer, ph: (530) 241-4878 or Phil McDonald, ph: (530) 243-6903.


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More FOHBC Sho-Biz January 29, 2011 Sarasota, Florida The Sarasota-Manatee Antique Bottle Collectors Silver Anniversary (25th) Annual Bottle Show & Sale (9am - 3pm) at the Florida National Guard Armory at the Sarasota Fairgrounds, 2890 Ringling Blvd. Dealer setup at 1pm Friday, January 28 with early buyers 4pm - 7pm. Info: Ed Herrold, PO Box 18928, Sarasota, FL 34276, ph: (941) 923-6550, cell ph: (941) 266-6452. February 4, 2011 Rome, Georgia The Roma Bottle Club’s 40th Annual Show & Sale (Saturday 8am - 3pm) at the Rom Civic Center, Turner McCall Blvd, Rome, GA. Setup Friday 3pm 8pm. Info Jerry Mitchell, PO Box 475, Bremen, GA 30110, ph: (770) 537-3725, email: mitjt@aol.com or Bob Jenkins, 285 Oak Grove Rd, Carrolton, GA 30177, ph: (770) 834-0736. February 5, 2011 Yuma, Arizona The Grand Canyon State Insulator Club’s 12th Annual Insulator Show & Tailgator (9am - late afternoon) at the Riverside Park next to the Yuma Territorial Prison (Exit I-8 at the Giss Parkway Exit and follow the signs). Info: Roger Nagel, ph: (623) 566-0121 February 6, 2011 South River, New Jersey New Jersey Antique Bottle Club’s 16th Annual Show & Sale (9am - 2pm) at the Knight’s of Columbus Hall, 88 Jackson St. South River, NJ. Info: Joe Butewicz, 24 Charles St, South River, NJ 08882, ph: (732) 236-9945, email: botlman@ msn.com. February 18 - 19, 2011 Columbia, South Carolina The South Carolina Antique Bottle Club’s 38th Annual Show & Sale including small antiques (Friday 11am - 6pm, Saturday 9am - 1pm) at the Meadowlake Park Center, 600 Beckman Rd, Columbia, SC. Dealer setup Friday 10am. No early admission fee. Info: Marty Vollmer, ph: (803) 755-9410, email: martyvollmer@ aol.com or Eric Warren, ph: (803) 9518860.

March 5, 2011 Shrewsbury, Pennsylvania The Chesapeake Bay 23rd Annual Show & Sale (9am - 2pm) at the Shrewsbury Fire Hall, 21 West Forrest Ave, Shrewsbury, PA (Exit 4 off I-83) with dealer setup 7am - 9am. Info: Charles Irons, ph: (302) 422-5712, email: ironsjrc@verizon.net, www.insulators.info/clubs/cbic. March 6, 2011 Baltimore, Maryland Baltimore Antique Bottle Club’s 31st Annual Show & Sale (8am - 3pm) at Essex Campus of the Community College of Baltimore County, 7201 Rossville Blvd, Baltimore, MD. Info: Eric Ewen, ph: (410) 265-5745, email: Teresaanderic@ comcast.net March 12, 2011 Lebanon, Indiana Heartland Glass Collectors Insulator & Bottle Show (8am - 3pm) at the Boone County Fairgrounds, Lebanon, IN - I65, exit 138. Info: Kim Borgman, 1056 E US 136, Pittsboro, IN 46167, ph: (317) 698-9177, email: kborgman@nwscorp. com. March 20, 2011 St. Louis, Missouri St. Louis Antique Bottle Collectors’ Association’s 41st Annual Show & Sale (9am - 3pm) at the Two Hearts Banquet Center, 4532 S. Lindbergh, St. Louis, MO. Info: Pat Jett, 71 Outlook Dr, Hillsboro, MO 63050, ph: (636) 948-3029, email: patsy_jett@yahoo.com. March 25 - 26, 2011 Morro Bay, California The San Luis Obispo Bottle Society’s 43rd Annual Show & Sale (Friday 3pm - 7pm and Saturday 9am - 3pm) at the Morrow Bay Veterans Hall, 209 Surf St, Morro Bay, CA. Free admission and no charge to early buyers. Info: Richard Tartaglia, ph: (805) 543-7484. March 27, 2011 Bloomington, Minnesota North Star Historical Bottle Association and Minnesota’s First Antique Bottle Club’s 40th Annual Show & Sale (9:30am - 2:30pm) at the Holiday Inn &

Suites, 3 Appletree Square, (I-494 & 34th Avenue South) Bloomington, MN. Info: Steve Ketcham, ph: (952) 920-4205, email: Steve@antiquebottledepot.com. March 27, 2011 Brewerton, New York 41st Annual Spring Show & Sale (9am - 3pm) at the Brewerton Fire Hall, 9625 Route 11, Brewerton, NY. Info: Dave Tuxill, ph: (315) 469-0629, email: dtuxill1@twcny.rr.com. April 16, 2011 Salisbury, North Carolina Piedmont Bottle and Pottery Club’s 5th Annual Show & Sale (8am - 2pm, 6:30am dealer setup at the Salisbury Civic Center, 315 S Martin Luther King Ave (formerly 315 S Boundary St), Salisbury, NC 28144. Info: John Patterson, ph: (704) 636-9510, email: ncmilks@carolina. rr.com. June 25 - 26, 2011 Memphis, Tennessee Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors’ Annual National Show & Sale at the Cook Convention Center, Memphis, TN. Info: R. Wayne Lowry, FOHBC Conventions Director, ph: (816) 3180161, email: JarDoctor@aol.com. July 8 - 10, 2011 San Jose, California 42nd National Insulator Association Show & Sale at the Doubletree Hotel in San Jose, CA. Info: Colin Jung, ph: (408) 732-8736. August 23 - 13, 2011 August 23 - 13, 2011 Martinsburg, West Virginia The Chesapeake Bay Insulator Club’s 2011 Eastern Regional Show & Sale at the Holiday Inn, Martinsburg, WV. Info: Larry Novak, ph: (301) 680-8910, email: cbic@clubs.insulators.info. July 27 - 29, 2012 Reno, Nevada Federation of Historical Bottle Collector’s EXPO at the Grand Sierra Hotel and Resort, Reno, NV. Info: R. Wayne Lowry, FOHBC Conventions Director, ph: (816) 318-0161, email: JarDoctor@aol.com.


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Notice of 2011 National Show & 2012 FOHBC Expo 2011 National Show, June 25 - 26 Cook Convention Center Memphis, Tennessee 2012 FOHBC Expo July 27 - 29 Grand Sierra Resort Reno, Nevada For more information, contact: R. Wayne Lowry FOHBC Conventions Director 401 Johnston Ct Raymore, MO 64083 816-318-0161 JarDoctor@aol.com Watch www.FOHBC.com and Bottles and Extras for more information.


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FOHBC MEMBERSHIP DIRECTORY Additions James Boddie 5325 Friberg Churd Rd Wichita Falls, TX 76305 940-723-9477 Bitters, whiskeys, advertising stoneware jugs and crocks Jan Christianson PO Box 184 Marysville, WA 98270 425-512-5871 Rick Ciralli 137 Peacedale St. Bristol, CT 06010 203-722-2901 richardciralli@sbcglobal.net Connecticut glass house bottles, Pitkin, Coventry, Westford, etc. Jeff Crowell 1782 Randall Rd Wadesboro, NC 28170 jcrowell@wiindstream.net Louis Fairfield PO Box 690 Russells Point, OH 43348 Poison bottles, show globes, apothecary jars, scales Robert Flinn 85 Melissa Dr Stockbridge, GA 60282 770-474-3395 c3corvetteguy@aol.com Soda bottles and advertising Chris Hartz 710 E 7th St, Apt 413 Charlotte, NC 28202 980-297-6922 General Jerry Huffman Treasure Hunters Supply 1600 E State Route 73 Waynesville, OH 45068 513-897-0700

James Jackson 1210 Robinhood Ln Kannapolis, NC 28081 j-mike44@hotmail.com Bitters, whiskeys, flasks Tom Leavy 574 Cross St Township of Washington, NJ 07676 silkcityt56@yahoo.com Paterson, New Jersey Mike Mullen 4 Sales Dr LaGrange Township, OH 44050 440-355-5764 lund175@windstream.net Breweriana Stuart Packard 1151 Peveril Rd Bloomfield Hills, MI 48304 248-853-2205 Debbie Sanders 185 Dogwood Dr Maggie Valley, NC 28751 828-944-0358 Barrel and pineapple bitters Mark Sluder 14967 Alexander Place Dr Huntersville, NC 28078 704-258-5121 marksluder@att.net Poisons and North Carolina bottles Doug Smith 1300 Olive St Highland, IL 62249 618-420-5790 dasmith62@charter.net Embossed and cathedral pepper sauces, St. Louis and Illinois pottery Anthony & Phillip Townsend 14302 Tunsberg Terr Midlothian, VA 23113 804-379-0902 All bottles and sodas

Justin Ulrich 4575 Curtis Blvd Cocoa, FL 32927 321-806-4257 jfu5129@aol.com Cannabis medicine bottles Allan Waxman 20 Hyde Ave Toronto, Ontario M6M 1J3 Canada 416-617-4326 awaxy1@aol.com All kinds of antique bottles, especially picture hutchs Franklin Wicker 2604 S Lima Rd Kendallville, IN 46755 wicker1@locl.net Old bottles City Circle Antique Bottle Club (Indianapolis Bottle Club) Attn: Dave Berry, President 11747 Whisperwood Way Fishers, IN 46037 317-770-3758 PADrBerry@ameritech.net

Changes Eddie Bellamy 804 Busbey Ave Bridgeport, AL 35740 256-608-0719 c.e.bellam@t.va.gov Old coke bottles, hutchinsons, Indian artifacts and Civil War Marshall Clements 2129 Black Walnut Farm Rd Hillsborough, NC 27278 919-423-8557 bloptop@gmail.com Two-liter sodas, North Carolina sodas Russ Crupe 52 Cherry Rd. Avella, PA 15312 724-345-3653


70 rcrupecompany@gmail.com Atlas Fruit jars and go-withs Danny Davison 4058 Honshu St Bay St. Louis, MS 38520 228-467-4597 cajuncutie53@hotmail.com Medicine bottles Jim Ehlers PO Box 396 Cedar Bluffs, NE 68015 402-628-8138 JEHLERS4@neb.rr.com Nebraska stoneware and tokens Ed Grout 134 Falcon Dr Green Cove Springs, FL 32043 904-662-7733 flagrout@hotmail.com Soda bottles and ink wells Daniel Grove 1300 Ferry Rd #3 Bloomsburg, PA 17815

November - December 2010 717-676-9270 danstore70@yahoo.com Figual bitters Richard Kelley 7416 Fink Rd. Lyons, NY 14489 315-946-6316 kelleye719@verizon.net Clyde Glass Works bottles, bottles from Lyons, NY Hotchkiss peppermint Cole Lewellen 3474 N Prospectors Rd Apache Junction, AZ 85219 480-766-3468 colelewellen@yahoo.com Arizona bottles & ephemera, western glass, colored bimal meds Jan Stewart Racey 7330 Hoyt St Arvada, CO 80005 303-996-0354 jstewart.racey@comcast.net Colorado milk bottles & advertising, and Colorado crown top sodas

Bottles and Extras Michael W. Shinkle 8112 Ambry Way Indianapolis, IN 46259 812-907-0015 MWS4him@hotmail.com Early Cincinnati and Indiana sodas, ales, M.W.’s, medicines, etc. Paul Tutko 108 Ash St. Danvers, MA 01923 978-774-2061 Bottles in general Las VegasAntique Bottle & Collectibles Club Attn: Thomas Steele, Treasurer 7516 Midnight Rambler Las Vegas, NV 89149 702-966-7656 tomstoys@cox.net Washington Bottle Collectors Association Attn: Warren Lhotka 905 24th Ave. S Seattle, WA 98144 206-329-8412


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Bottle and Extras Individual and Affiliated Club Membership Information Membership in the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors includes:

Bottles and Extras

Individual Subscription / Membership Rates for One Year 2nd Class $30.00 U.S. only

First Class $45.00 (inside U.S.) $50.00 (Canada) $65.00 (other foreign)

Name __________________________________________________________ Associate Member Name(s) ($5 additional each: ________________________ Street___________________________________ Apt.# __________________ City ___________________________________________________________ State ___________ Zip __________ Phone (_____) _____________________ Collecting Interests _______________________________________________ E-mail Address:__________________________________________________

Bottles & Extras FREE ADS

Send to : FOHBC c/o June Lowry (Business Manager) 401 Johnston Court. Raymore, MO 64083 or Email : OSUBuckeyes71@aol.com Category - “WANTED” Maximum - 60 words Limit - One free ad per current membership per year. Category - “FOR SALE” Maximum - 100 words Limit - 100 per issue. (Use extra paper if necessary.)

Single Issues and Back Issues: $5.00 Membership information, forms and an online payment option are also available on the website www.fohbc.com

Enclose the Appropriate Amount payable to FOHBC and mail to: FOHBC, c/o June Lowry, 401 Johnston Court, Raymore, MO 64083 Make checks payable to: The Federation of Historicial Bottle Collectors (FOHBC) Please allow 6-8 weeks from the time you send in your payment for the arrival of your first issue of Bottles and Extras.

Bottles and Extras

Affiliated Club Membership Rates for One Year $75.00 (inside U.S.) $95.00 (Canada) $110.00 (other foreign)

Club Name ________________________________________________ Mailing Address ____________________________________________ City ______________________________________________________ State ___________ Zip ________ Telephone (_____) _______________ Club President ______________________________________________ Address__________________________ City _____________________ State ___________ Zip __________ Phone (_____) ________________ E-mail Address _____________________________________________ Meeting Location ___________________________________________ Day of Week__________________ Time ________________________ Club Website _______________________________________________ Newsletter Name____________________________________________ Newsletter Editor ___________________________________________ Club Show Date ____________________________________________ Club Show Location _________________________________________ Enclose the appropriate amount payable to FOHBC and mail to: FOHBC c/o June Lowry,(Business Manager) 401 Johnston Court, Raymore, MO 64083

CLEARLy pRINT oR TypE ALL Ad Copy


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November - December 2010

Bottles and Extras

Membership Benefits The Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors cordially invites you to join a dedicated group of individuals and clubs who collect, study and display the treasured glass and ceramic gems of yesteryear. The Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors (FOHBC) is a non-profit organization supporting collectors of historical bottles, flasks, jars, and related items. The goal of the FOHBC is to promote the collection, study, preservation and display of historical bottles and related artifacts and to share this information with other collectors and individuals. Federation membership is open to any individual or club interested in the enjoyment and study of antique bottles. The Federation publication, Bottles and Extras, is well known throughout the hobby world as the leading publication for those interested in bottles and “go-withs”. The magazine includes articles of historical interest, stories chronicling the hobby and the history of bottle collecting, digging stories, regional news, show reports, advertisements, show listings, and an auction directory. Bottles and Extras is truly the place to go when information is needed about this popular and growing hobby. In addition to providing strength to a national/international organization devoted to the welfare of the hobby, your FOHBC membership benefits include: • A full year subscription the Federation’s official bi-monthly publication, Bottles and Extras • One free ad per yearly membership of 60 words for use for “wanted” items, trade offers, etc. • Eligibility for a discount at FOHBC sponsored shows (National or EXPOs) towards “early admission” or • Access to a knowledge of the world of antique bottle collecting unavailable elsewhere • Contact information for clubs devoted to the study of historical bottles • A forum for your writings, articles, and editorials regarding the hobby • Participation in the nomination and selection of Federation members for the Honor Roll and Hall of Fame • Federation-sponsored writing, show poster, and newsletter-design contests • Free publication assistance for your book or manuscript • And more...

dealer table rent

We encourage Affiliated Bottle Club memberships by offering these additional benefits to your group: • Display advertising in Bottles and Extras at an increased discount of 50% • Insertion of your bottle club show ad on the Federation website to increase your show’s exposure • Links to your club website free of charge, as well as assistance with the creation of your website • Free Federation ribbon for Most Educational Display at your show • Slide programs for use at your club meetings • Participation in Federation sponsored insurance program for your club show and any other club sponsored activities Finally… We need your support! Our continued existence is dependent upon your participation as well as expanding our membership. The Federation is the only national organization devoted to the enjoyment, study, preservation, collection, and display of historical bottles. The FOHBC welcomes individuals who would like to contribute by running for Board positions or by sharing their expertise and volunteering their talents in other areas of interest such as contributions to our publications, assistance with the Federation’s National and EXPO shows, or through membership promotion. If you haven’t yet joined our organization, please do so and begin reaping the benefits. If you are already a member, please encourage your friends and fellow collectors to JOIN US!! For more information, questions, or to join the Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors, please contact: June Lowry FOHBC Business Manager 401 Johnston Ct. Raymore, MO 64083 816-318-0160 OSUBuckeyes71@aol.com

or visit our home page on the web at www.FOHBC.com


American Glass Gallery

TM

"VDUJPO$MPTJOH /PWFNCFS  Auction #5 will include an interesting and diverse selection of fine bottles in many categories including Historical Flasks, Bitters, Medicines, Black Glass, Blown and Pattern Molded and numerous other categories.

These fine pieces will be included in our November 15, 2010 Auction.

In addition an interesting grouping of early, colorful, Cologne bottles along with a choice grouping of rare, colorful, Scent bottles will be featured. )JHIRVBMJUZ GVMMDPMPS EFUBJMFE DBUBMPHTBSFTUJMMPOMZ QPTU QBJE(includes a post-auction, prices realized list following the close of the sale). Order Now to reserve your copy! Checks, money orders, credit cards and Paypal accepted. For more information, or to join our mailing list, please visit our website posted below.

+PIO31BTUPSt10#PY /FX)VETPO .JDIJHBO QIPOFtXXXBNFSJDBOHMBTTHBMMFSZDPNtFNBJMKQBTUPS!BNFSJDBOHMBTTHBMMFSZDPN


Legends of the Jar! - page 34

Peruvian Bitters Trade Cards - page 8

Down on the Farm Page 53 Digging Germany Page 41

Batteries Not Included Page 24

www.FOHBC.com www.FOHBC.com


B&e 6novdec2010r  

Federation of Historical Bottle Collectors (FOHBC)

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