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REimagine Architectural Research and Design Solutions for Senior Residents and Reusable Materials Dr. Susan Rodiek, NCARB, EDAC Luke Davis and Lauren Leiker, Editors Texas A&M University Fall 2013

Dr. Susan Rodiek’s Arch 205 Studio . Fall 2013 Back Row: Zach Sargeant . Ryan Chapman . Justin Cannaday . Troy Hassmann . Seth Bryant . Zakree Apperson . Brandon Kuhaneck . Brandt Bradley . William Sheffield . Luke Davis

Front Row: Alex Lavoy . Carolyn Hoeffner . Hillary Brown . Shellie Hudspeth . Elizabeth Widaski . Boxin Liu . Dr. Susan Rodiek . Fei Lian . Jessica Laseak . Ana Gonzalez . Lauren Leiker

Table of Contents

Papers Therapeutic Landscapes and Senior Living Design Standards

Projects New-Age Senior Citizen Home Shipping Container Project

Therapeutic  Landscapes  and  Senior  Living  Design   Standards     Juan  Carlos  Vela     Fall  2013  



Therapeutic  Landscapes,  Horticulture  Therapy,  and  Older  Adults     Introduction   As   a   person   whose   parents   have   spent   a   great   deal   of   time   in   hospitals,   I   can   honestly   say   that   healthcare   facilities   are   probably   some   of   the   most   difficult   and   stressful   places   for   people   to   be   in.   Not   only   do   patients   experience   physical   and   emotional   pain,   but   the   workers   are   also   under   a   lot   of   pressure,   which   can   affect   their   work   performance,   as   I   often   witnessed  during  my  parents’  medical  procedures.  Furthermore,  many  of  the  healthcare  facilities  I’ve  visited  have  proven  to   be  very  uninviting  and  even  somewhat  uninhabitable.  There  was  one  time  when  I  felt  very  depressed  and  hopeless  during  one   of  my  mom’s  visits  to  the  intensive  care  unit.  She  had  experienced  a  rather  severe  heart  attack  and  was  unconscious  for  about   a  week.  The  room  she  was  in  had  no  windows,  so  it  was  fairly  dark  and  there  were  no  positive  features  in  the  room  to  make   the  patients  or  visitors  feel  comfortable.       Many   of   the   other   hospital’s   rooms   exhibited   similar   traits,   some   of   which   had   a   view   of   an   adjacent   wall   or   a   parking   lot.   Many  studies  have  found  that  these  types  of  healthcare  environments  can  be  harmful  to  patients  and  as  such,  there  has  been   an  increasing  emphasis  on  a  patient-­‐centered  approach  in  healthcare  design  (Cooper  Marcus  &  Sachs,  2013).  Along  with  this   emphasis,   there   has   been   a   growing   recognition   that   the   whole   environment,   including   outdoor   space,   is   a   significant   component   of   the   healing   process;   thus,   suggesting   that   connection   with   nature   is   beneficial   for   health   (Cooper   Marcus   &   Sachs,  2013).  Because  of  this,  healthcare  facilities  are  now  striving  to  incorporate  specially  designed  outdoor  spaces  that  can   support  the  health  and  well-­‐being  of  patients,  visitors,  and  staff  (Cooper  Marcus  &  Sachs,  2013).     A  Brief  History  of  Outdoor  Hospital  Space   The   history   of   hospitals   and   other   types   of   healing   places   goes   back   many   centuries.   At   one   time,   nature   was   seen   as   intrinsic   to   healing,   but   since   the   twentieth   century,   this   connection   has   largely   been   lost.   However,   that   connection   is   now   being   rediscovered  in  the  form  of  therapeutic  landscapes  in  healthcare  settings  (Cooper  Marcus  &  Sachs,  2013).       According   to   Cooper   Marcus   &   Sachs   (2013),   “monastic   settings   were   the   first   instances   where   a   garden   was   specifically   incorporated   as   part   of   a   healing   environment   (p.   29)”.   Despite   the   decline   of   monasticism   in   the   fourteenth   and   fifteenth   centuries,  some  hospitals  continued  the  courtyard-­‐garden  tradition  exemplified  in  the  monastic  cloister  gardens.  Among  the   first  set  of  recommendations  for  hospital  garden  design  were  those  written  by  the  German  horticultural  theorist  Christian  Cay   Lornez,  who  once  stated  that:       “The  garden  should  be  directly  connected  to  the  hospital…A  view  from  the  window  into  blooming  and  happy  scenes   will   invigorate   the   patient…[and]   encourages   patients   to   take   a   walk…The   plantings   should   wind   along   dry   paths,   which  offer  benches…The  spaces  between  could  have  beautiful  lawns  and  colorful  flower  beds…Noisy  brooks  could  


run  through  flowery  fields…A  hospital  garden  should  have  everything  to  enjoy  nature  and  to  promote  a  healthy  life   (Cooper  Marcus  &  Sachs,  2013)”.       These   suggestions   undoubtedly   foreshadow   the   findings   of   researchers   in   the   late-­‐twentieth   century   that   offered   credible   empirical   evidence   that   viewing   or   being   in   nature   reduces   stress.   In   fact,   from   the   mid-­‐1990s,   healing   gardens   began   to   appear  in  hospitals,  chronic-­‐care  facilities,  hospices,  and  senior  living  communities.  The  garden  eventually  began  to  be  seen  as   a   means   of   treatment,   and   spaces   were   created   to   accommodate   specific   patient   populations,   such   as   cancer   patients   and   elderly   populations,   with   contributions   to   the   design   process   from   clinical   staff,   current   and   former   patients,   and   family   members  (Cooper  Marcus  &  Sachs,  2013).     Theory,  Research,  and  Design  Implications  of  Therapeutic  Landscapes     In  the  late  1970s,  environmental  psychologist   Roger  Ulrich  began  to  research  the  emotional   and   physiological   effects   of   environmental   aesthetics   on   hospital   patients.   He   was   also   one   of   the   first   researchers   to   study   and   publish   quantitative   evidence   on   the   effects   of   access   to   nature   in   the   healthcare   setting   (Cooper   Marcus   &   Sachs,   2013).   Part   of   Ulrich’s   research   focused   on   comparing   the   recovery   rates   of   gall   bladder   surgery   patients   who   had   a   bedside   window   view   of   Photo  0:  Even  a  simple  view  of  grass  and  tress  can  promote  health  and  healing.     trees   with   those   of   patients   who   had   a   view   Photo  from of   a   brick   wall.   The   outcomes   data   revealed   that   patients   with   the   natural   view   had   shorter   hospital   stays,   suffered   fewer   postsurgical   complications,   needed   fewer   doses   of  pain  medication,  and  received  more  positive  written  comments  in  their  medical  records  from  staff.  Patients  with  a  view  of  a   wall,  on  the  other  hand,  had  more  negative  evaluative  comments  (Cooper  Marcus  &  Sachs,  2013).       Ulrich’s   study   was,   and   continues   to   be,   significant   because   it   demonstrated   to   the   medical   community   that   the   physical   environment,  and  specifically  views  of  nature,  had  a  measurable  positive  effect  on  patient  health  and  it  established  a  business   case   for   providing   access   to   nature.   As   a   result,   medical   and   social   science   researchers   have   replicated   Ulrich’s   study   many   times,   and   it   has   continued   to   hold   up   (Cooper   Marcus   &   Sachs,   2013).   However,   identifying   empirical   evidence   from   any   sort   of   physical   environmental   factors,   such   as   wall   color   or   spatial   configuration,   is   challenging   because   of   the   number   of   variables.  With  nature,  the  variables  are  numerous  and  difficult  to  control  as  they  shift.  To  date,  most  research  on  preferences   and  outcomes  has  been  conducted  using  simulations  of  nature,  such  as  pictures  or  videos,  to  reduce  the  number  of  variables  


(Cooper  Marcus  &  Sachs,  2013).  This  in  turn  raises  an  important  question  regarding  the  effects  of  virtual  nature  versus  real   nature.       For  instance,  hanging  art  in  a  healthcare  facility  is  probably  less  expensive  than  installing  and  maintaining  a  living  garden  and   can  possibly  achieve  similar  results.  However,  interaction  with  nature,  such  as  gardening  or  sun  exposure,  is   also  important   and   can   provide   additional   health   benefits   that   cannot   be   attained   through   virtual   nature.   In   fact,   peoples’   need   to   have   contact   with   nature   to   be   healthy   and   productive   individuals   is   a   critical   insight   of   Harvard   myrmecologist   and   conservationalist   Edward   O.   Wilson.   Wilson   popularized   the   term   “biophilia”   to   describe   the   extent   to   which   humans   are   hardwired  to  need  connection  with  nature  and  other  forms  of  life  (Beatley,  2011).       Biophilic  Cities  and  Healthy  Living   The  idea  of  people  and  nature  coming  together  is  what  creates  the  ideal  setting  for  biophilic   cities.  Timothy  Beatley  (2011)  defines  a  biophilic  city  as  a  city  that  is  abundant  with  nature,  and   that  looks  for  opportunities  to  repair,  restore,  and  creatively  insert  nature  wherever  possible.  It   is   seen   as   an   outdoor   and   physically   active   city,   in   which   residents   spend   time   enjoying   the   outdoors   and   natural   wonder   around   them.   In   these   cities,   residents   care   about   nature   and   work   on   its   behalf   locally   and   globally   (Beatley,   2011).   As   stated   before,   active   contact   with   nature  can  help  to  reduce  stress  and  enhance  positive  moods.  It  can  also  lead  to  improvements   in   cognitive   skills   and   academic   performance,   and   even   to   help   moderate   conditions   such   as   ADHD  and  autism  (Beatley,  2011).     This  recognition  of  nature’s  restorative  value  has  prompted  the  creation  of  healing  gardens  in   parks,   botanical   gardens,   and   other   public   and   semipublic   places   in   many   parts   of   the   world.   For   people   seeking   a   place   for   quiet   contemplation   and   contact   with   nature   outside   of   a   Photo  0:  Nature  and  the  City     healthcare   facility,   restorative   spaces   in   the   public   Photo  by  Scott  Shigley realm   provide   settings   that   can   have   significant   healths  benefits  (Cooper  Marcus  &  Sachs,  2013).       Horticultural  Therapy     Perhaps   on   of   the   most   common   forms   of   human   and   nature   interaction,   horticultural   therapy   allows   people   from   all   backgrounds   to   interact   with   plants   and  engage  in  garden-­‐related  activities  as  a  form  of  therapy  or  rehabilitation  and  is   often  lead  by  a  trained  professional.  According  to  Cooper  Marcus  &  Sachs  (2013),   the   American   Horticultural   Therapy   Association   recognizes   four   types   of   garden   Photo  0:  Accessible  Horticultural  Therapy     programs:   horticultural   therapy,   therapeutic   horticulture,   vocational   horticulture,   Photo  Courtesy  of  Legacy  Health


and  social  horticulture.  Horticulture  therapy,  which  is  used  in  long-­‐term  healthcare  facilities,  is  defined  as  the  “engagement  of   a  client  in  horticultural  activities  facilitated  by  a  trained  therapist  to  achieve  specific  and  documented  treatment  goals  (Cooper   Marcus  &  Sachs,  2013)”.  In  contrast,  therapeutic  horticulture  is  a  “process  that  uses  plants  and  plant-­‐related  activities  through   which  participants  strive  to  improve  their  well-­‐being  through  active  or  passive  involvement  (Cooper  Marcus  &  Sachs,  2013)”.   Vocational   horticulture   programs   “focus   on   providing   training   that   enables   individuals   to   work   in   the   horticulture   industry   professionally,  either  independently  or  semi-­‐independently  (Cooper  Marcus  &  Sachs,  2013)”.  Social  horticulture,  also  known   as   community   horticulture,   is   a   “recreational   activity   related   to   plants   and   gardening   (Cooper   Marcus   &   Sachs,   2013)”.   An   example  of  social  horticulture  would  be  community  gardens,  which  are  fairly  common  in  urban  areas.     One  other  important  consideration  to  be  kept  in  mind  is  that  therapeutic  and  restorative  landscapes  are  not  restricted  solely   to  people  who  are  ill,  frail,  or  fragile;  they  are  designed  for  everyone  to  enjoy  and  partake  in.  In  the  end,  it  is  our  own  wonder   and  curiousity  that  attracts  us  to  nature  and  all  that  it  has  to  offer.  The  following  excerpt  from  Green  Nature/Human  Nature   (1996)  helps  to  demonstrate  the  extent  of  that  phenomenon:     “One  sunny  day  in  spring,  the  horticultural  therapist  put  a  small  glass  jar  half  filled  with  peat  moss  beside  the  bed,  and   as  the  patient  watched,  planted  five  bean  seeds.  A  few  days  later  the  seeds  sprouted.  Their  roots  were  visible  through   the  glass  as  they  gradually  extended  to  give  life  support  to  the  tiny  cotyledons  working  toward  the  earth’s  surface.  By   the  fifth  day  the  growth  process  was  accelerating.  The  therapist  moved  the  ‘miraculous’  jar  to  the  other  side  of  the   [atient’s  bed  where  he  could  not  see  it,  and  intstructed  the  nurses  not  to  turn  the  patient  as  they  had  been  doing.  The   next   morning,   the   young   veteran   [patient]   was   lying   on   his   other   side,   watching   his   bean   seeds.   Turning   over   had   been   his   first   voluntary   movement   since   his   accident.   From   that   day   on   he   made   steady   progress   and   was   finally   discharged  from  the  hospital.  Though  still  in  a  wheelchair,  he  was  able  to  function  in  society  (Lewis,  1996)’.     Health  Benefits  Associated  with  Walking  in  Nature   When  applied  to  walking  and  physical  activity,  nature  contact  can  provide  all  sorts  of  benefits  that  are  unlikely  to  result  from   exercising  in  an  indoor  environment.  For  instance,  studies  have  found  that  having  active  contact  with  nature  while  partaking   in  recreational  activities  can  help  reduce  blood  pressure  levels  and  improve  or  restore  mental  health  (Howard  &  Fox,  2011).   The  idea  here  is  that  being  outside  can  help  one  revitalize  and  tranquilize  one’s  emotions,  especially  when  angry  or  upset.  A   closer   look   at   this   phenomenon   reveals   that   walking   outside   is   almost   like   a   moment   of   reflection   in   which   people   can   gather   their   thoughts   and   think   more   clearly.   The   natural   elements   of   the   built   environment   help   to   restore   the   mind   and   senses;   thus,  granting  people  that  feeling  of  peace  and  comfort,  feelings  that  have  proven  to  be  absent  in  places  that  are  void  of  any   natural  elements  (Howard  &  Fox,  2011).     In   regards   to   elderly   populations,   it   is   important   that   they   remain   active   in   order   to   maintain   their   cognitive   abilities   and   motor   skills   (Dannenberg,   Howard,   &   Jackson,   2011).   Walking   outdoors   can   prove   wonders   for   an   elderly   person’s   health   and  


this   has   been   proven   through   the   use   of   healing   and   therapeutic   gardens,   which   help   restore   mental   health   and   provide   a   connection  to  something  real,  beautiful,  and  magical  (Howard  &  Fox,  2011).  As  researched  by  Dr.  Roger  Ulrich,  having  access   to   nature   can   really   improve   one’s   physical   and   emotional   health,   and   with   the   case   of   elderly   populations,   this   access   is   critical  to  their  overall   health  and  wellbeing.  Keeping  older   adults  indoors  and  void  of  all  that  is   natural  can   induce  conditions   such   as   depression   or   other   chronic   illnesses.   The   important   thing   to   remember   is   that   elderly   people   are   people,   too,   and   should  be  granted  the  same  opportunities  and  quality  of  life  as  anyone  else.     Considerations  for  the  Frail  Elderly   As   people   grow   older,   many   of   them   become   frail   and   ill,   sometimes   to   the   point   that   they   require   medical   assistance   and   supervision   on   a   daily   basis.   Because   the   aging   process   is   inevitable   and   health  issues   are   bound   to   emerge,   the   development   of   facilities   such   as   retirement   communities,   housing   for   independent   living,   assisted-­‐living,   nursing   homes,   and   continuing-­‐ care  retirement  facilities  has  become  increasingly  important.  In  regards  to  physical  and  psychosocial  health,  it  is  critical  that   those  who  reside  in  such  facilities  have  sufficient  access  to  outdoor  spaces  that  specifically  meet  their  needs.  As  people  age,   they  tend  to  lose  muscle  mass  and  bone  density,  have  problems  with  balance,  are  more  prone  to  falls,  often  have  difficulty   sleeping  and  are  prone  to  depression.  Exercise,  notably  walking,  can  help  mitigate  these  conditions,  while  bone  being  exposed   to  sunlight  can  enhance  bone  density  (Cooper  Marcus  &  Sachs,  2013).     Spending   time   outdoors   also   improves   mood,   lessens   agitation   and   aggression   among   those   with   dementia,   and   reduces   depression   among   older   adults.   Psychosocial   health   relates   to   people’s   ability   to   converse   with   others,   while   having   the   freedom  of  seeking  out  places  of  privacy  and  solitude.  The  placement  of  seating,  tables,  movable  furniture,  and  planting  can   greatly   enhance   the   use   of   the   outdoor   spaces,   as   well.   Because   there   will   be   a   wide   range   of   abilities   among   those   living   in   a   facility  for  seniors  it  is  also  important  that  these  spaces  remain  accessible  to  residents.  For  example,  a  person  may  not  be  able   to  bend  or  squat  to  garden  as  they  did  when  they  were  younger.  Providing  window  boxes,  raised  beds,  or  waist-­‐high  tubs,  can   allow  them  to  maintain  or  even  increase  their  ability  to  perform  such  activites.   Furthermore,  while  barriers  are  often  times   necessary   for   security   reasons   and   safety,   it   is   important   to   support   people’s   needs   for   independence   and   autonomy   in   outdoor  settings  (Cooper  Marcus  &  Sachs,  2013).     Concluding  Remarks   Despite  the  growing  research  on  therapeutic  landscapes,  healthcare  gardens,  and  horticultural  therapy,  many  knowledge  gaps   still   remain.   Extensive   research   on   the   clinical   health   benefits   of   restorative   environments   and   horticultural   therapy   programs   is   currently   lacking,   but   progress   has   undoubtedly   been   made   and   is   ongoing.   In   the   meantime,   research   related   to   “meaningful   activity,   motivation   theory,   pain   management,   exercise   and   movement,   nature   distraction,   leisure   benefits,   quality   of   life,   and   therapeutic   recreation   (Marcus   &   Sachs,   2013)”   help   to   make   important   contributions   to   support   horticultural  therapy  interventions  and  the  application  of  environmental  psychology  in  healthcare  design.      


_______________________________________________________________________________________________________   References     Beatley,  T.  (2011).  Biophilic  Cities.  NW,  Washington,  DC:  Island  Press.   Dannenberg,  A.  L.,  Howard,  F.,  &  Jackson,  R.  J.  (2011).  Making  healthy  places:  designing  and  building  for  health,  wellbeing,  and     sustainability.  Washington,  DC:  Island  Press.     Howard,  F.  &  Fox,  J.  (2011).  Contact  with  nature.  In  A.  L.  Dannenberg,  F.  Howard,  &  R.    J.  Jackson(Eds.),  Making  healthy  places:     designing  and  building  for  health,  wellbeing,  and  sustainability  (pp.  229-­‐243).  Washington,  DC:  Island  Press.     Lewis,  C.  A.  (1996).  Green  Nature/Human  Nature:  The  Meaning  of  Plants  in  Our  Lives.     Illinois:  University  of  Illinois  Press.   Marcus,  C.  C.  &  Sachs,  N.  A.  (2013).  Therapeutic  Landscapes.  Hoboken,  NJ:  Wiley.  


Patient-­‐  and  Family-­‐Centered  Care   Introduction   According   to   the   Institute   for   Patient-­‐   and   Family-­‐Centered   Care,   “patient-­‐   and   family-­‐centered   care   is   an   approach   to   the   planning,   delivery,   and   evaluation   of   health   care   that   is   grounded   in   mutually   beneficial   partnerships   among   health   care   providers,  patients,  and  families  (IPFCC,  2012).”  In  this  type  of  care  system,  practitioners  recognize  the  vital  role  that  families   play   in   ensuring   the   well-­‐being   of   patients   of   all   ages   and   they   acknowledge   that   emotional,   social,   and   developmental   support  are  important  components  of  health  care  (IPFCC,  2012).  It  also  leads  to  better  use  of  resources  and  greater  patient   satisfaction.     The  core  concepts  of  family-­‐centered  care,  as  stated  by  IPFCC,  include  respect  and  dignity,  information  sharing,  participation,   and   collaboration.   Under   these   core   concepts,   health   care   practitioners   listen   to   and   honor   patient   and   family   perspectives   and   choices,   they   communicate   and   share   complete   and   unbiased   information   with   patients   and   families,   and   patients   and   families  are  encouraged  and  supported  in  participating  and  collaborating  in  decision-­‐making  processes  (IPFCC,  2012).     Design  Considerations  for  Healthcare  Patients  and  Older  Adults   In   regards   to   design,   some   of   the   key   principles   to   keep   in   mind   include   reducing   isolation   and   stress,   creating   a   home-­‐like   atmosphere,   promoting   safety   and   independence,   and   enhancing   the   sense   of   control   (Birdsong   &   Leibrock,   1990).   Visually   dividing   larger   areas   within   healthcare   facilities   into   smaller,   more   personal   spaces   can,   for   example,   reduce   stress.   Plants,   lighting,   changes   in   floor   covering,   human-­‐scaled   entrances,   spiritual   spaces,   and   outdoor   healing   environments   can   also   help   to   significantly   reduce   stress.   To   reduce   the   sense   of   isolation,   rooms   can   share   gardens   or   balconies,   twenty-­‐four   hour   visitation  can  be  considered,  and  pets  can  be  allowed  to  reside  in  patios  with  exterior  access  (Birdsong  &  Leibrock,  1990).     In   addition   to   needing   to   feel   safe   and   included,   patients   need   to   maintain   a   sense   of   the   dignity   of   their   own   home   while   staying   in   a   healthcare   facility   (Birdsong   &   Leibrock,   1990).   Comfortable   furniture   and   accessories   such   as   a   table   or   desk,   flowers,   music,   books,   paintings   or   photos,   and   other   personal   belonging   can   help   to   humanize   the   patient’s   or   resident’s   environment.  Residential  touches  such  as  wood,  stained  glass  or  incandescent  lighting  can  also  allow  a  patient  to  identify  with   their  space.  Furthermore,  flexible  design  features  help  individuals  to  personalize  their  rooms  (Birdsong  &  Leibrock,  1990).     As   with   every   healthcare   facility,   safety   and   independence   are   very   important   factors   to   consider.   Patients   in   healthcare   facilities  are  also  likely  to  have  varying  degrees  of  health  conditions.  As  such,  it  is  important  to  consider  how  a  facility  will  be   designed  so  that  it  can  accommodate  the  needs  of  all  patients.  For  instance,  interior  choices  must  support  people  with  limited   strength   and   mobility,   particularly   frail   older   adults,   by   making   those   areas   accessible   and   versatile   (Birdsong   &   Leibrock,   1990).  This  also  implies  that  such  areas  should  be  free  of  all  clutter  to  prevent  accidents.  Making  use  of  levers  and  handrails   can   make   it   easier   for   patients   to   get   around   freely   without  difficulty,   which   could   potentially   lead   to   accidents.   Traction   is  


important,  as  well,  to  avoid  slips  and  falls.  More  importantly,  patients  should  be  able  to  access  stored  goods  or  other  personal   items  with  ease  to  avoid  painful  bending,  stretching,  etc.  (Birdsong  &  Leibrock,  1990).     Finally,   allowing   patients   to   have   a   sense   of   control   can   really   expand   their   independence,   particularly   for   older   adults   and   people   with   dementia.   Numerous   efforts   have   been   made   at  healthcare   facilities   across   the   U.S.   to   incorporate   elements   into   design  that  make  it  easier  for  such  patients  to  find  their  way  around.  Efforts  have  also  been  made  to  limit  visual  distractions,   clutter,  and  confusing  patterns  to  enhance  concentration  (Birdsong  &  Leibrock,  1990).     Designing  with  Safety  in  Mind   Patient  safety  is  a  very  important  component  of  patient-­‐  and  family-­‐care  and  can  be  achieved   through   accessible   design   and   better   interior   design   choices.   For   instance,   all   floors   should   have   some   kind   of   traction   to   avoid   slips   and   falls,   furnishings   and   handrails   should   provide   support   in   the   event   of   a   fall,   low   furniture   and   clutter   should   be   removed   from   all   public   spaces,  and  storage  areas  should  be  made  easily  accessible  to  avoid  unnecessary  bending  or   stretching,  which  some  patients,  particularly  frail  older  adults,  may  struggle  to  do  (Birdsong  &   Leibrock,  1990).       Wayfinding  is  another  feature  that  can  be  used  to  ensure  patient  safety  by  preventing  them   from   getting   lost,   which   is   particularly   significant   for   patients   suffering   from   dementia   and   Alzheimer’s  disease  (Birdsong  &  Leibrock,  1990).  By  making  use  of  contrasting  color  schemes   and   signage,   patients   and   visitors   can   navigate   their   way   through   healthcare   facilities   without   Photo  4:  Halls  should  be  free  of   feeling  frustrated  and  disoriented.     all  clutter  to  prevent  obstacles     Photo  Courtesy  of  Jace  Vela Reducing   the   spread   of   infection   is   also   important   and   can   be   achieved   through   specifically   selected   furnishings,   such   carpeting   or   wall   finishes,   that   can   prevent   the   rate   of   bacterial   growth   and   spread   of   odors,   especially   if   there   are   patients   that   are   suffering   from   constant   vomiting,   diarrhea,   and   loss   of   bladder   control   (Birdsong   &   Leibrock,   1990).   It   is   also   common   for   healthcare   facilities   to   be   wiped   down   regularly   in   the   event   that   special   furnishings   cannot   be   afforded.   Sterilizing   these   facilities   on   a   daily   basis   is   essential   for   preventing   the   spread   of   infections,   which   is   especially  critical  for  patients  suffering  from  weak  immune  systems,  such  as  those  with  AIDS,  cancer,  and  diabetes.  For  these   patients,  an  infection  can  result  in  complications,  possibly  even  death.  Furthermore,  in  a  culture  ruled  by  a  fear  of  malpractice,   the  focus  on  healthcare  quality  involves  a  shift  from  secrecy  to  transparency,  in  which  mistakes  are  reported  and  dissected   accordingly.          



The  Planetree  Model   By  Planetree’s  philosophy,  “care  should  be  organized  first  and  foremost  around  the  needs  of  patients  (Planetree,  2013)”.  In   more   recent   times,   there   has   been   a   movement   to   make   healthcare   a   more   personalized   and   humanized   experience.   Planetree  is  well  known  for  advocating  this  transition  in  healthcare  design  and  service,  and  plays  a  significant  role  in  adding   the  patient  voice  to  new  healthcare  standards,  regulations,  and  legislation  (Planetree,  2013).     According  to,  “Planetree  provides  a  process  and  structure  that  inspires  and  enables  caregivers  to  transform  the   healthcare  experience.  By  partnering  with  Planetree,  providers  across  the  continuum  attain  the  expertise,  tools  and  support   needed   to   embrace   continuous   process   improvement   and   develop   an   infrastructure   to   support   sustainable   culture   change   (Planetree,  2013)”.     Founded   in   1978,   Planetree   specializes   and   strives   for   “personalizing,   humanizing   and   demystifying   the   healthcare   experience   for  patients  and  their  families  (Planetree,  2013)”.  Another  important  thing  to  note  is  that  Planetree  Model  was  founded  by  a   patient;  hence  it  is  committed  to  enhancing  healthcare  from  the  patient’s  perspective  (Planetree,  2013).  Those  who  lead  the   Planetree   Model   believe   that   we   are   all   human   beings   caring   for   one   another;   that   we   are   all   caregivers   and   that   caregiving   is   best  achieved  through  kindness  and  compassion;  that  safe  and  accessible  care  is  fundamental  to  patient-­‐centered  care;  that   there   is   a   holistic   approach   to   meeting   people’s   needs   of   body,   mind   and   spirit;   that   family   and   loved   ones   are   vital   to   the   healing   process;   that   accessible   information   can   empower   individuals   to   take   on   a   more   active   role   in   their   health;   that   individuals   must   make   their   own   personal   choices   relating   to   their   health;   that   physical   environments   can   impact   healing,   health  and  wellbeing;  and  that  illness  can  be  a  transformational  experience  for  not  only  patients,  but  families  and  caregivers,   as  well  (Planetree,  2013).     Implications  for  Older  Adults   The  concepts  of  patient-­‐  and  family-­‐centered  care  can  apply  to  everyone  and  anyone,  but  is  far  more  critical  in  long-­‐term  care   facilities  such  as  nursing  homes,  assisted-­‐living  homes,  and  continuing  care  retirement  communities.  Because  these  facilities   cater  to  older  adults,  both  frail  and  non-­‐frail,  it  is  essential  that  they  be  designed  using  considerations  such  as  those  previously   mentioned.   Ensuring   that   these   facilities   are   designed   with   quality,   comfort,   and   safety   in   mind   can   significantly   shape   the   living   conditions   for   this   particular   population.   Furthermore,   since   people   living   in   these   facilities   are   likely   to   have   varying   degrees  of  physical  abilities  and  health  conditions,  it  would  be  best  to  provide  a  design  that  is  versatile,  meaning  that  it  can   meet  the  needs  of  all  residents  without  restricting  the  needs  and  comforts  of  others.     Concluding  Remarks   In   contrast   to   family-­‐centered   care   facilities,   physician-­‐centered   care   facilities   often   exhibit   the   opposite   of   a   comfortable   space.  For  example,  unnatural  elements  such  as  machinery  and  support  systems   tend  to  be  in  plain  view  inside  patient  rooms   and  along  hallways,  which  can  make  patients  and  visitors  feel  uneasy  and  stressed  (Birdsong  &  Leibrock,  1990).  From  personal  


experience,  physician-­‐centered  care  facilities  can  also  be  cold  and  sterile,  which  is  fine  for  preventing  the  spread  of  infections,   but  not  appropriate  for  a  patient’s  mental  health  and  well-­‐being.  Furthermore,  while  it  is  a  healthcare  facility’s  duty  to  heal  its   patients,   it   must   also   ensure   their   comfort   and   safety.   Studies   by   researchers,   such   as   Dr.   Roger   Ulrich,   have   shown   that   people  heal  faster  and  respond  better   when  placed  in  more  positive  and  natural  settings.  As  such,  the  idea  of  family-­‐centered   care  should  not  be  seen  as  a  threat  to  current  healthcare  practices,  but  rather  as  an  improvement  in  the  caring  for  the  sick,   the  elderly,  and  people  with  physical  and  mental  impairments.     _______________________________________________________________________________________________________   References     Birdsong,  C.  &  Leibrock,  C.  (1990).  Patient-­‐Centered  Design.  The  Healthcare  Forum     Journal.  33(3).  p.40-­‐42;  45.   IPFCC.  (2012).  What  is  patient-­‐  and  family-­‐centered  health  care?  Retrieved  from   Planetree.  (2013).  About  Us.  Retrieved  from­‐planetree/  


New-Age Household for Seniors

An anonymous investor is planning to develop a senior care facility in the Bryan-College Station area. He is aware of the current trend toward smaller-scale residential facilities, where approximately ten to sixteen seniors live in an extended family-style household. He has heard about the therapeutic benefits of access to nature, and would like to emphasize outdoor space...

Botanical Living Luke Davis . Lauren Leiker

Senior Assisted Living Facility Troy Hassmann . William Sheffield

Green Acres Shellie Hudspeth . Carolyn Hoeffner

Bryan Assisted Living Home Ana Gonzalez . Brandon Kuhaneck

Autumn Arbors Hillary Brown . Zach Sargeant

Age Before Beauty Brandt Bradley . Alex Lavoy

New Age Household for Seniors Seth Bryant . Jessica Laseak

Main Street Manor Zakree Apperson . Elizabeth Widaski

North Park Assisted Living Justin Cannaday . Ryan Chapman

B o ta n i c a l L i v i n g : A s s i ste d S e n i o r H o m e

L u ke D av i s . L a u r e n L e i ke r. A r c h 2 0 5 . Fa l l 2 0 1 3

Exterior Shot of Assisted Living Facility


Goals Our goal was to create a space where the residents could continue to feel as if they are living independently and within their own community. We wanted to achieve a cottage feeling with a contemporary design. We wanted our residents to live within garden spaces and pass through them everyday to heighten health and emotions.

-10 individual rooms with their own bathroom -Ice Cream Parlor -Entry Garden -Activity Garden that is open to croquet and other activities. -Outdoor sitting areas that include an area for dining outdoors, chess playing, and people watching. -An indoor atrium to integrate the indoors with the outdoors and provide health beneďŹ ts for the residents. -Three courtyards within the atrium to provide various seating environments that are built within the natural environment. -A media room for the entertainment of the residents. -Two computer stations with internet access. -A bird feeder and bird house to bring activity into the atrium. -Water walls and stream running through the oor of the atrium to create a soothing environment for relaxation and sleep. -Abstract artwork of African animals brings life to each room.

Site Pictures of Downtown Bryan, TX

B o ta n i c a l L i v i n g : A s s i ste d S e n i o r H o m e

L u ke D av i s . L a u r e n L e i ke r. A r c h 2 0 5 . Fa l l 2 0 1 3

Drop-off Area

Each resident has their own Back Porch to offer privacy for when family comes to visit.

Ice Cream Entry Garden

The Entry Garden is a transition space that offers beauty and social encounters.

There are Three Courtyards throughout the building that are surrounded by greenery to offer privacy. Front Entrance

Courtyard Interior Shot of the Atrium.

View from Southeast Corner.

Dining Area

The Sitting and Dining Area are open to the atrium to integrate the indoors with the outdoors.

Front Porch

The Front Porch is a shaded seating area where residents can watch as people pass or play chess.

Media Room

The Media Room is designed to be away from other public areas and can be used to watch movies.

Activity Garden

The Activity Garden is a section of the property that is designated for croquet or other activities.

B o ta n i c a l L i v i n g : A s s i ste d S e n i o r H o m e

L u ke D av i s . L a u r e n L e i ke r. A r c h 2 0 5 . Fa l l 2 0 1 3

Entryway View intothe theCommon Common Area Area Entryway View into

The common area is left completely open, so residents can watch people come in the door. It will make them feel safer because the sta can watch them. The main sitting area is open to the atrium so the residents can see nature inside the building. View InteriorCourtyard Courtyard ViewofofanInterior

The atrium area was designed to let in a lot of natural light for the residents as well as the plants. The plants are placed to bring nature into the interior and help with their health. Also, the plants break up each cluster and make each resident feel more independent.

View of the Atrium from the South

The ice cream parlor was placed beside the main entrance of the building to bring people from the community into the senior housing.

Residents Bedroom

View of Ice Cream Parlor

B o ta n i c a l L i v i n g : A s s i ste d S e n i o r H o m e

L u ke D av i s . L a u r e n L e i ke r. A r c h 2 0 5 . Fa l l 2 0 1 3

View of the Entry Garden

The entry garden was a space designed to transition from the open nature to a more private interior. There is seating throughout the garden for the residents to sit and observe as people walk by.

Drop-off/Loading Zone

The feature wall frames the main entrance of the senior living complex at the drop-off area. The framing of the wall helps seniors as well as guest know where to enter the facility.

Activity Garden

The front porch is right outside the main garden and leads straight to the activity garden. The porch has places for sitting when they get tired from the activities.

Western View of the Bedroom Units and Private Porches

Materials used on the outside of the building help distinguish what is going on inside. Each community area is sectioned off by using different material. The material will help with wayfinding for each of the residents. Also, each resident have their own back porch so that if family members come to visit, they has a private area to talk with them. Glass doors and windows bring in natural light to each room to help each resident have the desire to go outside.




• Senior housing facility located in downtown Bryan, Texas • Location make it accessible to many different facilities and attractions • 10 resident rooms • Full open kitchen space allows residents to participate in preparing meals • Indoor atrium allows for access to nature

indoors • Two towers provide seating spaces in more intimate areas • Outdoor garden space extends length of building, providing many pathways around and through • Patio space features covered outdoor kitchen

• Open floorplan works against challenges of hallway-based designs, makes space more enjoyable and useable • Curved roof reinforces modern design, changes in ceiling height vary space and provide opportunities to organize space and allow natural light to enter





View of interior public area. The kitchen area and atrium are prominently shown.

Southwest tower featuring a panoramic view from seating area.

The porch in the outdoor space features a covered outdoor kitchen.



Interior shot facing out towards the garden on the east side.

Section facing south

Section facing west

Site Plan



View facing north of outdoor space. Gardens with raised planters are surrounded and intersected by several paths.

Porch of resident unit

View of interior atrium and sitting area

Resident room

Sketches of Landscapes William Sheffield

Senior Housing Downtown Bryan, TX Shellie Hudspeth and Carolyn Hoeffner

Assisted Living

• • • • • •

Houses 10 residents Located in downtown Bryan near restaurants, public library, theater, and shops Exterior garden and patio spaces Open common space layout Two wings of 5 residential rooms each with a separate sitting space Entrance garden

Creating Outdoor Rooms

View-orientation and layout of furniture towards landscaping, water features, and human activity Privacy –create semi enclosed spaces with landscaping Convenience- outdoor room should be easily accessible to and from the house Shelter-allow areas to be shaded from the harsh sun and protected from light rain

Common Space

Common spaces allow in natural light and provide scenic views to the outdoor gardens and patios. These large windows also allow staff to keep an eye on the residents in case of an emergency and give the residents a feeling of safety. The main common space is an open floor plan that allows for easier mobility for the elderly.

West patio provides a sitting area outside the main common space and is shaded by the curved roof

In order to attract residents outdoors there are a variety of elements Eastern porches allow residents to enjoy the outdoors in semi-enclosed spaces with overhead trellises throughout the space. Bird baths, fountains, and colorful flowers interact with each of the five senses. The pathways also encourage movement outside, avoid dead ends, have multiple short cuts and benches along the way, and wrap the south end of the building. Water features, plant and flower life, and exterior pathways draw residents to the outdoor spaces


Themes of modern

architecture include:

"Form follows function"-the roof and simple box-like interactions of the different spaces of the building are erected from the basic floorplan and layout of the residence clarity of forms-the main common space of the building is emphasized through the use of a wood paneling (rainscreen) material and curved roof, while the resident rooms have a brick exterior material that relates to the surrounding buildings in downtown Bryan use of industrially-produced materials-throughout the building one will find many large windows and curtain walls that allow in light and address the modern glass aesthetic appeal

Roof plan on site

Hierarchy and Transitional Spaces Residential Room: 10’ Sitting rooms and hallways: 12’ Main common space: starts at 16’

The main common space is an open floorplan for easier mobility throughout the area. It allows in light through the large windows and curtain walls which also provide maximum views for safety in and out of the building.

Traffic flows from public space to semi-public to private spaces with changes in ceiling height and material changes. This allows residences to manuvuer from each space with the feeling of the atmosphere of the space according to the function of the space.

Section from west

The two sitting rooms in either wing of the residence provides a more intimate common area with lots of light and exterior views to the entrance and garden spaces.

Landscape and Concept Sketches Ana Gonzalez

Interior and Exterior Sketches Brandon Kuhaneck

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This facility is equipted to house eleven senior citizens. it contains a coffee shop, a smal library, indoor and outdoor dining, a spacious kitchen and lounge area, and beautiful outdoor spaces.

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Residents Bedroom: about 300 sq. ft.

Main living area where different activities are to take place

Longitudinal Cross Section

Maint Entrance Coffee shop to be used by both Senior residents and the community

Tranquil seating area facing into the main outdoor space




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Ana Gonzalez Arch 205 Rodiek Fall 2013 Drop off Area

3 foot wall that separates hallway entrance from residents rooms

Main Entrance/ Lobby

Small Library for reading and book rentals

Outdoor seating patio for cafe.


Common Area: Recreational/seating area for hanging out with family and friends.


Outdoor dining for seniors to eat outside during warm weather

3 foot fence that gives privacy to the residents bedrooms facing the garden space as

Main Garden

Indoor seating area with view of the park across the street and the main garden 0



The common space is designed to allow senior residents to socialize with thier neighbors. Tables to play board games, a tv set, ping pong tables, and an amazing view to the beautiful garden space are all the things that are accessible from the common space.

Seating space is availible in the front entrance where seniors are able to sit and watch as visitors come thru the building. A front desk is available in need of any assistance. A door to access the coffee shop is able available fron the lobby.

Main outdoor garden for relaxation. Comfortabel seating areas with shading availible

Our bedrooms are spacious enough for all of our residence. Each room is about 300 square feet and includes a bathroom. Our residence are encouraged to bring their own furniture and accessories to make their stay as comfortable as possible.

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Outdoor Dining Space

V i e w o f We s t e r n Fa c a d e

Outdoor Garden Space

Interior Atrium Sketch Zach Sargeant

Elevation and Landscape Sketches Hillary Brown

Age Before Senior LivingBeauty Center

Program • • • • • • • • • • •

12 Spacious Rooms, each with individual bathrooms. Two large windows in each resident room Kitchen Large South Outdoor Patio Social Sitting Areas Excluded Outdoor Areas Lush Landscaping “Hands on” Planters Scenic Pond Soft flooring materials

ADA Approved Floor Plan

• Entry Garden • Fully equipped kitchen • 1.5’ Interior overhangs to separate common area from private • Southern Plant-enclosed back patio with grill for parties and get-togethers. • Path wraps around the entire complex for freedom of movement. • Spacious ADA-approved rooms. • Chess/playing tables placed around home. • Side garden area on west side. • Reading Nook • Small bench on southwest corner to watch trains go by. • Fish Pond to entertain residents.


Entry Garden

Dining Area


Reading Nook

Back Patio and Pond

TV Lounge

Floor Plan and Elevation Jessica Laseak


SETH  BRYANT        JESSICA  LASEAK        ARCH  205        FALL  2013        RODIEK     HIGHLIGHTING  THE  MAIN  ENTRY   One   of   the   challenges   in   this   project   was   to   create   a   complex  roof  that  did  not  distract  from  the  main  entrance.   By   designing   a   roof   with   a   dramaIc   slope   and   lining   the   entry   wall   with   a   light   stone,   the   entrance   is   clearly   visible   and  easy  to  spot  from  a  distance.  

Preliminary  Sketch  of  Roof  Design     Main  Entrance  

View  of  the  North  Façade    


SETH  BRYANT        JESSICA  LASEAK        ARCH  205        FALL  2013        RODIEK    

Main,  covered  entry   protects  seniors  and   visitors  from  the   elements   Half  wall  with   bookshelves  divides   the  main  living  space   while  keeping  it  open   AcIvity  room  provides   opportunity  for   members  of  the   community  to  interact   with  the  seniors   Comfortably  sized   bedrooms  encourage   seniors  to  spend  most   Ime  in  the  common   areas  

UIlity  room  containing   laundry  machines  and   cleaning  supplies   encourage   independence  

PaIo  with  ample   seaIng    and  2’  planters   provide  less  mobile   seniors  access  to  nature  

Path  leading  off  site   with  access  to  a  park   across  the  street  




SETH  BRYANT        JESSICA  LASEAK        ARCH  205        FALL  2013        RODIEK     OUTDOOR  SPACES   Studies   have   shown   that   access   to   nature   can   be   extremely   beneficial   to   the   elderly.   Having   well   designed   outdoor   spaces   promotes   acIvity   which   helps  seniors  stay  strong  and  physically  fit.  This  project   provides   both   open   and   sheltered   outdoor   spaces   to   allow   every   resident   the   opportunity   to   go   outside,   no   maber  their  limitaIons.    The  paIo  has  lots  of  seaIng   and   the   garden   has   paths   that   lead   to   ameniIes   off   site.  

Main  PaIo  



SETH  BRYANT        JESSICA  LASEAK        ARCH  205        FALL  2013        RODIEK     COMMON  LIVING  SPACES    

Our   public   living   areas   are   designed   to   give   residents   and   visitors   a   space   to   make   social   connecIons,   whether   by   taking   a   seat   and   visiIng   with   each   other   or   gathering   around   a   table   to   play   a   game.   The   space   is   open,   yet   has   a   feeling   of   seclusion   due   to   the   wall   barrier   between   it   and   the   residenIal   rooms   and   the   inviIng   half   wall   to   break   up   the   space  from  the  main  entry.  

Living  space  with  TV  

Main  living  area  


SETH  BRYANT        JESSICA  LASEAK        ARCH  205        FALL  2013        RODIEK     RESIDENT  ROOMS  


T h e   m o s t   p r i v a t e   a n d   personal   place   for   one   of   our   senior  residents  to  retreat  to   –   his   or   her   bedroom.   It   is   well   furnished   with   enough   to  keep  one  entertained  if  he   or   she   chooses   to   stay   cooped   up   in   his   or   her   r o o m .   T h e   w i n d o w s   –   arguably   the   nicest   feature   of   the   bedroom   –   provides   each   resident   with   a   great   view   of   what   is   going   on   all   around   them   in   the   heart   of   downtown  Bryan.   Bedroom  


The  back  living  area  serves  as  a   transiIonal   space   to   the   outdoor   paIo   leading   to   the   garden.   Though   a   common   space   for   the   residents,   this   alcove   gives   off   the   sense   of   privacy   and   encourages   usage   of  the  outdoor  spaces.    


Rear  alcove  


SETH  BRYANT        JESSICA  LASEAK        ARCH  205        FALL  2013        RODIEK     KITCHEN  AND  DINING



Truly   one   of   the   best   places   to   socialize   is   wherever   people   are   eaIng.   Our   kitchen   and   dining   area   are  placed  in  the  grandest  part  of  the   facility   with   a   beauIful   view   of   the   outdoor   spaces,   courtesy   of   the   curtain   wall   leading   to   the   paIo   and   the   large   windows   facing   the   east,   which   adds   just   another   reason   of   why   residents   and   visitors   would   gather  here.  


Bryan, Texas - Elizabeth Widaski & Zakree Apperson - ARCH 205 Fall 2013 Rodiek

The goal of this project was to design a senior living facility in Downtown Bryan for eleven people, each with their own room, that has a modern, contemporary feel, but still fits in with the surroundings. It was important to have a home-like feel and human scale to keep residents comfortable. The facility has a full kitchen, dining and common area, and utility room, as well as outdoor spaces for residents, promoting activity and relaxation. Spaces were created around the center of different intimacy gradients in order to give residents a place to call their own. Main Street Manor is a living environment that promotes a positive outlook for residents by incorporating natural light and plant life, as well as many different gathering and social spaces, such as the library and sun room. Nearby buildings in Downtown Bryan


Bryan, Texas - Elizabeth Widaski & Zakree Apperson - ARCH 205 Fall 2013 Rodiek LOCATION & CLIMATE  

Downtown Bryan, Texas


Hot and humid most of the year



Northern Façade In between The Main Street Manor and the Howell Building is a street that serves as a drop off for residents. The patio shown above is a space they can comfortably wait for their ride or simply people watch. The drop off is conveniently located at the main entrance, allowing residents complete ease in going from place to place.

Southern Façade At the ‘back’ of the center , there is a patio providing another outdoor common space for the residents to share or entertain guests with. The patio leads out directly from the library and sun room, which will also be gathering spaces for them. These three spaces utilize the south sun and will help motivate the elderly to get up and move around to explore their own facility and downtown.

Flat land in the middle of a downtown historical, urban area Many amenities nearby for residents such as an outdoor theater, many restaurants, a library, and more


Bryan, Texas - Elizabeth Widaski & Zakree Apperson - ARCH 205 Fall 2013 Rodiek

The front porch is a hub of social activity in a senior facility. In order to accommodate that, there is an array of furnishings for people to sit and socialize as well as plenty of open standing and walking area. The hedges give a sense of semi-privacy while also defining the front entryway.

The common spaces in this residence are all combined in one open space, yet still have definitive purposes. The dining tables are convenient and close to the kitchen, but a resident can easily go from there into the living room to watch a movie or sit by the fire. The front entry also provides a common space, housing checkerboards and smaller sitting clusters for games and small talk.


Bryan, Texas - Elizabeth Widaski & Zakree Apperson - ARCH 205 Fall 2013 Rodiek Western Faรงade The resident rooms occupy the Western Faรงade of the building as shown above. Each resident has access to a small patio containing planters for them to use. The garden and bird fountain provide a beautiful view out from their bedrooms and create a cheery atmosphere.

Cross Section Cross Section

Longitudinal Section

North Park Assisted Living Justin Cannaday • • • • • • • • •

Ryan Chapman

Fall 2013 Rodiek

Program 11 Bedrooms with personal bathroom Rooms come with full kitchen, TV, Personal porch, desk, and fully furnished Lounge  space  with  TV’s Café/Full Kitchen open to the public Interior sitting alcoves Large backside porch Pond Exterior sitting spaces 360 degree walking path around the entire complex

Materials and Installations • • • • • •

Brick Stone Shade Sails Modern Park Benches Stained Concrete for Walkways Waterfall for sound

Site Plan In Context to Surrounding Areas Location: Historic District of Downtown Bryan

Nearby Amenities: Restaurants, Cafes, Nick-Nack Shops, a Theatre, the La Salle Hotel, and a Library

North Park Assisted Living Justin Cannaday

Floor Plan

Interior Café Seating Guest Bathroom and Laundry Central walkway lined and covered with vegetation bringing the outdoors inside

Ryan Chapman Cafe

Fall 2013 Rodiek Patio Seating for Cafe

Driveway and entry doors covered by vive covered trellis

Resident Room fully furnished with personal porch

Walkway for residents going around entire complex


Lounge area with TV’s  covered  by   shade sails from the sun

Sitting Area

Garden with Bird Bath

Personal garden in front of each resident room patio

Resident Room

Waterfall and Pond to block noise from train

Existing Sidewalk on exterior of site

Patio looking southeast for parties and relaxing

Fountain in garden Sitting Area

North Park Assisted Living Justin Cannaday

Ryan Chapman

Fall 2013 Rodiek

Exterior Views


Faรงade of Resident Home

South Side Fountain and Porch


South Side Exit

Sitting Area on Northwest Corner

North Elevation

North Park Assisted Living Justin Cannaday

Ryan Chapman

Fall 2013 Rodiek

Interior Views

Café and Entrance

Interior Alcove

Interior Side of the Porch

Reception Area

Lounge  Area  with  TV’s


The Container Project

Can we live or work in buildings created from modular shipping containers? They are inexpensive, durable, structurally strong, and so abundant they could be considered a waste product to be recycled. However, they are also narrow, with fairly low ceilings, so creating habitable spaces from them is not as easy as it sounds...

Graffiti Grill Hillary Brown . Shellie Hudspeth

Colorado Hunting Lodge Justin Cannaday . Ryan Chapman

Emerald Bay Signature Home Ana Gonzalez . Brandon Kuhaneck

Casa Del Contenitore Spedizione Seth Bryant . Alex Lavoy

Bolivian Medical Clinic Troy Hassmann . William Sheffield

Colorado Container Home Zakree Apperson . Elizabeth Widaski

Portland Hipster Abode Jessica Laseak . Zach Sargeant

Industrial Peaks Luke Davis . Lauren Leiker




ARCH 205.903 RODIEK FALL 2013

Back patio with sidewalk entrance and view of stage

201 W 5TH ST AUSTIN, TX Square footage: • First floor- 1651 • Second floor- 1296 • Total- 2947

Number of Customers:

First Floor Indoor seating - 56 Party Room - 37 Outdoor - 56 TOTAL First Floor: 149 Second Floor Indoor seating - 64 Outdoor deck - 32 TOTAL second floor: 96


Climate of Austin: • Humid subtropical • 2650 hours of sunlight • Average July and August highs in the high-90s °F (34–36 °C) • Highs reach 90 °F (32.2 °C) on 116 days per year, and 100 °F (37.8 °C) on 18 • Winters in Austin are mild and relatively dry. • Austin averages 88 days below 45 °F (7.2 °C) and 13 days when the minimum temperature falls below freezing. • Snowfall is rare in Austin

GRAND TOTAL: 245 View of site from the corner of 5th St. and Colorado St.

View of site in relation to the city surrounding it

Front facade of the Graffiti Grill



ARCH 205.903 RODIEK FALL 2013

First floor seating with view of exterior seating and stage


Create a burger joint in Austin, TX using shipping containers with an emphasis on using recycled material and organic living all within a lively, unique environment. • Unique eating environment • Emphasis on recycled material • Emphasis on organic living • Earth friendly way of living • Unique atmosphere • Fun exciting place to be • Place to get good food and a good time • Employee local artists for sculptures/murals • Successful business in Austin

Shipping container waiting room as you walk inside Graffiti Grill



Bird’s eye view of the sculpture garden and stage

SHIPPING CONTAINERS Graffiti Grill uses six shipping containers: three 9.6’ x 8.0’ x 40’ containers and three 9.6’ x 8.0’ x 20’ containers. Each container has visitor made graffiti, thus adding an exciting, personal touch to the recycled architecture.


• HVAC units in between container roof and sloped roof of upper container • Spray-on type insulation. • Polyurethane foam works best in combination with ceramic insulation paint. The paint is obvious for the exterior of the shipping container, while the foam is for the interior.

Shipping Containers used on first floor


Recycled materials as well as shipping containers are used throughout the Graffiti Grill. Leather belt flooring is used in the main entrance/ waiting room. The restaurant also uses brick flooring, concrete flooring, recycled concrete blocks and standing seam metal roofing.

Shipping Container used on second floor



ARCH 205.903 RODIEK FALL 2013

Upper seating with view of the first floor patio and stage





Section facing the East

Wait station located on second floor

Section facing the North



Plan of the first floor

View of roof plan on the site

Plan of the second floor



Corner view of the Graffiti Grill


The Graffiti Grill emphasizes the use and application of recycled materials and creates a lively and unique dining environment for people of all ages to enjoy. This restaraunt embodies the diverse culture of Austin, TX by allowing citizens and visitors to add their own artistic creations to the building. These artistic creations include graffiti and art sculptures.

Interior space of kitchen.

Second floor patio seating facing the street.

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About Shipping Containers

Location • Tw i n L a k e s C o l o r a d o

C a n n a d a y ,

• • • • •

8x9.5x40 feet 20 ft. container weighs about 5,290 lbs. 40 ft. container weighs about 8,380 lbs. Average Square footage is 320 feet of one container Made of mostly corrugated steel

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2 0 1 3 , R o d i e k

Climate •Spring and Summer tempertures average between mid 70s to mid 80s •Winter tempertures drop below freezing with average snowfall 50 plus inches per year

I n t e r e s t i n g M a t e r i a l s Porous Concrete Concrete that allows water to flow through to the ground below to support sustainable growth and not disturb the ground below the house after excavation.

Patio Flooring These patio deck tiles have little spaces between each wood board. This allows the water and snow that would sit on the patio to melt through the patio. This eliminates the need to shovel snow off the patio.

Insulation This is 12 inch thick insulation that is placed between the outdoor wood logs and the indoor corrugated metal in order to inslate the house without taking up indoor space.

P r o g r a m • 2 Car garage large enough to fit 2 full size trucks • Storage room • Laundry room • Living room furnished with couch, television, pool table, and decorations • Great room complete with large fire place and seating around it • Full kitchen • Dining table • Master bedroom with full bath • Guest bedroom with full bath • Half bath • Patio space complete with full outdoor kitchen, table, fire fit, and hot tub • To t a l i n d o o r S q u a r e f t . (Garage Included) = 2,612 • To t a l P a t i o S q u a r e f t . = 2 , 1 2 0

C l i e n t • House is designed for 1 or 2 families to stay at for any extended period as a hunting lodge/resort in the mountains. • Can comfortably sleep 6 people w i t h n o b o d y o n t h e f l o o r. • Wanted to make a cheaper hunting lodge/getaway option for people who want a second home but cannot afford it.

S e a m e d R o o f

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Emerald Bay Signature Home

Brandon Kuhaneck

Ana Gonzalez Arch 205 Rodiek Fall 2013

Clients: Small family who wants to get away from the city and all its pollution and enjoy nothing but peace, quiet and to admire what nature has to offer. While giving our clients a quiet place to live and give them the opportunity to relax and enjoy the signature view of Emerald Bay.

Emerald Bay Signature Home

Brandon Kuhaneck

Ana Gonzalez Arch 205 Rodiek Fall 2013

Located in Emerald Bay of Lake Tahoe in North Eastern California, its Signature Home faces the beautiful Fannette Island. Offering all four seasons Lake Tahoe has a variety of temperatures that range from a brisk cold winter to a mildly warm summer. Amazing during harsh winters the bay freezes over to give our guests a beautiful scene during every sunset.

Site Plan from above

Extruding the shipping containers allows each one to be easily distinguished where it is located. Our home’s exterior offers stone work, and different shades of stucco to give it an modern apperance.

Two point persective of back facade

Summer temperatures at Emerald Bay range from the low 40 °F around night, and up to the mid-70 °F during the day. While in the winter it will range from 20°F and 40 °F.

Exterior back patio with places to dine outside

Emerald Bay Signature Home

Brandon Kuhaneck

Ana Gonzalez Arch 205 Rodiek Fall 2013 Only bedroom on first floor would be guest bedroom

Dining room with fantastic view of Emerald Bay

First Floor View of the kitchen and dining room area

Consisting of 6 containers, we were able to incorporate plenty of space that offers 2,400 sq. ft. Inished there are 3 bedrooms for the parents, children, and a guests. There is a living room on the first and second floor, along with 2 bathrooms on each of the floors. Also there is a 2 car garage attached to the house to keep the cars dry and warm during the cold winters.

Mud room to remove dirty shoes

Master bedroom with his and her closests Upstairs living area

Warm, cozy colors such as light browns, beige, and white will be used to paint the interior spaces. Wood floors will be placed throughout most of the rooms to connect the natural environment into the house.

16’ 4’

Second Floor

Second living room upstairs for more entertainment

Concept and Elevation Sketches Ana Gonzalez

Landscape Sketch William Sheffield







PROGRAM Bolivia has the worst healthcare in all of South America. Our purpose is to design a medical clinic that can be easily assembled using standard shipping containers with minimal excess constrcuction. The use of shipping containers will also aim to lower material and design costs as well as provide a very safe and durable structure in a country where most architecture is lacking. It will increase awareness of sustainability as well and hopefully inspire other projects featuring sustainability concerns


FACILITES throughout the city and surrounding region. The facility will be able to offer an encompassing variety of services to combat the healthcare problem in the country. It will primarily serve as an outpatient facility to assist heavily with short-term care. It will also house a dental clinic, something expected to be used heavily. Pediatric services will also be provided as well as a full surgical unit and accompanying inpatient care center. We also aim to create a space that is friendly and inviting in contrast with most medical facilities around the world. This type of design has been suggested to even help with the healing process.

The Aiquile Medical Clinc’s facilites will include outpatient treatment and inpatient recovery units. A surgical suite will accompany a newborn/pediatric facility in two joined containers. A dental clinic will finish out the northern building. The southern building will house the outpatient, administrative, reception, and service facilites. Each of these has its own container dedicated to it, excluding reception and administrative, which share one. There is also room to accommodate guests who may accompay patients. Finally, an outdoor space will be a central focus of the complex.








SITE: AIQUILE, BOLIVIA Aiquile is the capital of the capital of the Cochabamba Department, similar to a US state. Being such, it provides a central location for various things, especially healthcare. The site chosen for the clinic is on the outskirts of town but still accessible by a main road.

CLIMATE Central Bolivia where Aiquile is located has a mild, dry climate. There is little rainfall but average temperatures stay around 60 degrees the whole year, allowing for optimal use of outdoor spaces as well as leaving indoor spaces open to the outside.










Emergency Entrance

Exam Room Triage

Waiting Area

Shared Restroom and Shower

To Surgery Clean Room Operating Room

Common Area Inpatient Room 2

Sink and Storage

Nursery/Child Care

Nursery Access

SURGERY/PEDIATRIC The surgical facility is located at the most central and acsessible position of the clinic to better serve in emergencies. The other half is comprised of pediatric services.

Sink and Storage

Dental Room 1

Inpatient Room 1

Exits to Courtyard

INPATIENT The inpatient container contains two rooms with a shared bath. Each room features a large floor-to-ceiling window to integrate the view of the exterior landscape.

Dental Room 2 Exit to Teaching Center

DENTAL With dental health problems expected to be one of the primary concerns for the population, an entire container has been dedicated to provide two fully servicable dental treatment rooms.

SERVICE Located at the heart of the facility, the service container houses critical utilities and workspace as well as break space for employees. It features a panoramic view to allow constant surveillance of the clinic.

Full Kitchen with Refridgerator

OUTPATIENT Located next to the entrance and administrative suite, the outpatient room offers three exam spaces with large windows to view the courtyard. An alternate exit is placed at the end to provide efficient mobility through the space.

Bar Seating

Sitting Space with Table


Employee Lockers

Outpatient Exit

Reception Desk


Private Consultation Office

To Reception Exit to Courtyard Public Restroom

Outpatient Treatment Beds

This container provides a large reception area for patients and features a more private area as well. A private office for business matters and consultation is located here. Easy access to the interior courtyard also helps to increase mobility.

Perscription Drug Production

To Service

Cabinet Storage

To Outpatient Care To Reception

Restroom Main Entry Private Waitng Area












Private waiting area

Dental facilities








Section looking southwest




Section looking northwest

Private consultation office

Service facility

Reception with view of courtyard

Surgery room with immediate access to inpatient

COLORADO CONTAINER HOME Aspen, Colorado - Elizabeth Widaski & Zakree Apperson - ARCH 205 Fall 2013 Rodiek

Southeastern Faรงade Southeastern Faรงade

Container to Home In creating a dwelling made up mainly of shipping containers, our aim is to keep the integrity of the containers by leaving them exposed while making a comfortable home for a family of four to six that often entertains. To accommodate the incredible views in the valley, there are large windows which not only give way to the view, but also allow a great deal of sunlight in. Other than the basic rooms, this Colorado home also features several outdoor patio spaces, an outdoor kitchen, central

Preliminary Sketches

courtyard, and an open loft and roof garden on the second floor.

COLORADO CONTAINER HOME Aspen, Colorado - Elizabeth Widaski & Zakree Apperson - ARCH 205 Fall 2013 Rodiek LOCATION



Our building is located in Aspen, Colorado near a famous scenic route

Aspen’s climate tends to be predominately cold and dry

where visitors come to see the Maroon Bells. Surrounded by the captivating

throughout the year. Annual data shows that the city gets about

views of the Colorado Rocky Mountains, this location makes for an ideal

19 inches of rainfall a year with only about 110 days of any

entertainment spot. The remarkable views of the meadow and mountains

significant precipitation. Temperatures are maintained in the low

enhance the experience for activities such as barbecue cookouts, hot tub

70’s and mid 80’s during the summer while fluctuating mostly

parties, holiday gatherings, and even campfire sitting circles. The location

between the 10 and 20 degree range which causes an annual

creates a calming atmosphere and provides prospect and refuge to family

snowfall of 138 inches. Fall and spring temperatures are very

and friends who can sit back and be stress-free in one of the most natural

similar and are the nicest seasons, mainly staying between the

and breathtaking places in the U.S.

50’s and mid 60’s.

COLORADO CONTAINER HOME Aspen, Colorado - Elizabeth Widaski & Zakree Apperson - ARCH 205 Fall 2013 Rodiek The Rooftop Garden allows people to get more in tune with their surroundings

Bedroom 3 Full Bath Bedroom 2

View of the roof garden

Outdoor Patio with lounge chairs and jacuzzi make this the perfect place to enjoy the view In this home, five containers were used to make the form of the house. The containers house all of the bedrooms, bathrooms, and the kitchen and dining room.

The second story loft overlooks the front entryway, allowing it to become more social and visible, but still leaving privacy The Loft has clerestory windows letting in natural light and comfortable seating for a crowd

Second Floor

Interior Courtyard with central fireplace Outdoor Kitchen

Storage Room Spacious 2 Car Garage

Utility Room

½ Bath

Master Bedroom

View from inside the courtyard Dining Room and Kitchen

Outdoor Patio

Master Bath and Walk in Closet

The main entrance awaits through the gate and courtyard The entire Southeastern wall boasts incredible views from the tall repeating windows First Floor The cozy living room features a space heater, allowing guests to enjoy the cold climate and stay warm

COLORADO CONTAINER HOME Aspen, Colorado - Elizabeth Widaski & Zakree Apperson - ARCH 205 Fall 2013 Rodiek

As you walk past the spiral staircase, the space opens to the cozy living room and the dining room framed by arches The living room offers one of the best views in the house and some of the best sunlight as it faces the Southeast.

The relaxing master bedroom features a large flat screen TV and beautiful natural light. Residents can look out at picturesque views all around the room.

Even though the kitchen and dining room are small, they still feel spacious because of the arches placed around them and the open center of the house.

Cross Section

Longitudinal Section The second story loft uses the clerestory to open up the room with natural light, but also keep it a comfy, private entertainment space.

Concept Sketches on Napkin Lauren Leiker

Bridge Sketches Luke Davis

Š Copyright Dr. Susan Rodiek Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas Fall 2013

Studio Book Fall 2013 - Dr. Susan Rodiek