Page 1


PROFILE. Rupi Kaur, author of Milk and Honey, writes poetic justice against abuse with the creation of her journey of self love. // page 12

the student voice of Saddleback College since 1968

Thousands march in Downtown LA in opposition to President Trump’s immigration orders // page 4

Confidence at the plate and lack of errors lead to Gauchos men’s baseball win // page 14


Art created by past and present faculty on display now in Fine Arts 201 until March 16 // page 11


Transgender bathrooms use should be a choice not a federally mandated law // page 8



Recent news briefs from Sean Spicer raising conerns for recreational marijuana // page 2



Wednesday, March 15, 2017

A Trump crackdown on marijuana could cost more than a quarter million jobs HOLLY BARTLOW EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

A report from New Frontier Data was published explaining that by 2020 the legal cannabis market will create more than a quarter of a million jobs. This figure creates more job growth than manufacturing, utilities, or even government jobs put together. This is what the marijuana industry hopes will change Trump’s thoughts about marijuana. Job growth. White House press secretary Sean Spicer spoke on marijuana use at a briefing on Feb. 23, resulting in a panic amongst marijuana industries. At the briefing Spicer went on to comment that states will see a “greater enforcement” of federal laws on recreational use. Spicer stressed several times in his speech that there is a big difference between medical marijuana and recreational marijuana. “The president understands the pain and suffering that many people go through who are facing especially terminal diseases, and the comfort that some of these drugs, including medical marijuana, can bring to them,” said Spicer. Medical marijuana had been the front-runner in money making for the U.S. yet now with recreational


PUFF, PUFF: Recreational smoking of a joint is currently legal in 8 states marijuana legal in seven states weed has become even more profitable. The legal cannabis market was worth $7.2 billion in 2016 but is projected to grow exponentially, at an annual rate of 17 percent according to Forbes. Spicer compared recreational marijuana to opiod addictions calling out that there still needs to be a federal law in place. “When you see something like the opiod addiction crisis blossoming in so many states around this country,” said Spicer, “There is still a federal

law we need to abide by in terms of recreational marijuana.” Advocates in favor of the legalization of marijuana say the crack down of recreational marijuana would leave thousands of people out of work. Forbes pointed out in a recent survey that about 100,000-150,000 people have jobs that directly involve legal weed. Another concern amongst advocates is instead of profits falling in the hands of the government they would instead fall into the hands of drug cartels.


The South Orange County Community College District passed a resolution at the board of trustees meeting to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the district. Valentine’s Day, 1967 marked the groundbreaking ceremony for the district. The South Orange County Community College District, home to Saddleback College and Irvine Valley College has come a long way in these past 50 years. Here are some notable facts from the district: The South Orange County Community College District is home to more than 68,000 students and employs 4,000 faculty and staff According to a socioeconomic impact study conducted by the Orange County Business Council, South Orange County Community College Districts accounts for nearly $2.4 billion in combined economic activity and public benefits. Students who earn an associate’s degree can expect to earn $387,000 more during their working lifetime Students receive a 17.4% return on their investment of both time and money. This is well above and current bank savings accounts or 8% to 10% long term average of U.S. stocks and bonds. Taxpayers receive a 15.3% return on their investment, which is well above the 4% normally received from government organizations. SOCCD provides a return investment of $4.78 for every $1 appropriated. The future of the SOCCD is looking great as well, with plans to develop a new 60-acre site in Tustin, the Advanced Technology and Education Park on the former marine base, now known as Tustin Legacy. They are looking to partner with business and industry to train the regions workforce. In addition to this new site, Saddleback intends to build a stadium to provide a magnet venue for the area. The district celebrates 50 years of academic excellence and outstanding service to the community. In celebration, the district credits the devotion of the faculty, staff, and administrators, as well as the diversity of the students and the worldly perspectives they have brought to the district.

vol. 49, no. 8 3

California DREAM Act, applicants in decline Due to recent administration change, college students lose confidence in gov. assistance COLIN REEF


In an interview on the NBC news show “Meet the Press” Chuck Todd questions President Donald Trump about the California DREAM Act reform. “You’ll rescind the DREAM Act - executive order for DACA?” Todd said. “You’re going to split up families? You’re going to deport children “Chuck, no, no. We’re going to keep the families together,” Trump said. “We have to keep the families together, but they have to go.” In the later part of February, democrats gathered in Sacramento to discuss the DREAM Act, which stands for Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors, and urged undocumented high school and community college students to apply for it. The DREAM Act, passed by Governor Jerry Brown a few years ago, are a set of state laws that allows children who were brought into the United States under the age of 16 the chance to apply for financial aid. These students don’t need to show any proof of visas or documentation if they met in-state school requirements and maintained a respectable GPA throughout their high school career. “Toward a California that invests in educational opportunity, fosters an active, effective citizenry, and provides a higher quality of social and econom-


STUDYING AWAY: International students from La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia cram in the library in preparation for their final examinations. (Courtesy of Pixabay) ic life for its citizens,” said the California Student Aid Commission, “Making education beyond high school financially accessible to all Californians.” Given the current political climate and comments by President Trump, many California lawmakers aren’t too optimistic current applicants joining the effort for fear of deportation. Under the Brown administration, legislation was re-drafted into two separate bills named AB 130 and AB 131. AB 130 gives undocumented students access to an estimated $88 million in private financial aid in the form of scholarships and grants. AB 131, allows undocumented high school students who meet criteria for in-state tuition to apply for financial aid. Under AB 131, students who meet the requirements are “eligible to apply for and participate in all student financial aid programs administered by the State of California to the full extent permitted by federal law,” Los

Angeles City Councilmember in overpopulation, and depressGilbert Cedillo said in Assembly ing government resources. There Bill No. 131. will be a larger amount of people Many argue that there are key utilizing limited resources proflaws to these vided by the state bills that shake and federal govthe foundation “We have to ernments. Health for further as- keep the families care, education, sistance. Many and social secuargue the risk together, but rity funds may be is not worth they have to go.” diminished since the reward, these individuals especially for PRESIDENT do not pay taxes, the state of TRUMP and the ones that California. Tudo, have a smallition increases er penalty. and financial stress may create a But, in an article published by long-term burden for California the National Immigration Law Community Colleges and Uni- Center in regards to immigrant versities alike. And even with amnesty, “The DREAM Act is state-funded access to higher ed- not an amnesty: The DREAM ucation, undocumented students Act is not a giveaway to unare still not eligible to work le- documented youth, even those gally in the U.S. who have lived here all of their Other cons of this legisla- lives,” the NILC said, “Rather, tion include the belief that more it creates a well-defined process money is placed on taxpayers. to legalize only those who grew Many also believe there will be up here and who earn status by an influx of illegal immigrants, staying in school and maintainrise in unemployment, increase ing good moral character.”



Wednesday, March 15, 2017


REVOLT: Angelinos protest ICE raids during an event in Pershing Square Park following threats to remove sanctuary city status. “I am here, standing for my friends who I see struggling with fear of deportation and loosing their jobs,” said protestor Daniel Gaccia.

Protestors demand L.A. remain a sanctuary city JORGE MALDONADO CONTRIBUTOR

Two days after a nationwide Day Without Immigrants protest, followed Free the People, Immigrants March, Saturday, Feb. 18 from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. Thousands gathered in Los Angeles Pershing Square Park marching down Broadway making their way into City Hall Park Center. Holding signs chanting demands such as an immediate stop of immigration (I.C.E) raids throughout the city. Pleading to Mayor Eric Garcetti, protestors chanted that Los Angeles should be a sanctuary city for immigrants, refugees and the homeless. The body of the march was diverse in age, nationality and sexuality. Sons and daughters of immigrants marched in support of parents. Nadia Martinez, 20, held up a sign that read, “Proud Daughter of Immigrants,” while Ibrahim Yusuf, 9, held another that said, “Marching for my mom and dad!” “I am here, standing for my friends who I see struggling with fear of deportation and loosing

their jobs,” said protestor Daniel Gaccia, 32. “I am of Mexican parents and a citizen of this country [and] it is not right how honest people, hard working people get treated and the situations they are going through.” Hazma Hoshmand, 53, an Iraqi-Native American and humanities high school teacher, held a Donald Trump piñata with a sign reading “Trump-We will love and protect each other!” “I don’t want to see my students showing up in fear, or not showing up at all,” she said. “I have been teaching for over 25 years, and this shit has to end.”

Members of the Black Lives Matter movement, Resistance for Immigrant Workers Coalition, LGBT awareness and rights movements and street vendors also attended in solidarity. Street vendors provided most of the food sold at the event to support small businesses. Among the march were also Trump supporters exercising their civil rights against the march, which did not result in any dangerous altercations. There were two known arrests outside the Trump supporters whose names are not known, one Trump supporter aggravat-

ed the peaceful protestors and another tried to fend the trump supporter away, resulting in a scuffle between authorities and the two individuals. Within the march was the organization coalition made up of over 90 organizations representing rights demanded for groups including civil rights, immigrant rights, refugee rights, working rights, homeless rights, LGBT rights and street vendor rights. Among the organizations which formed the event were the Immigrant Youth Coalition, National Day Laborer Organizing Network, Black Lives Matter Los Angeles, Jews for Palestinian Right of Return, Frente Indígena de Organizaciones Binacionales, Coalition for Humane Immigrant Rights Los Angeles and Service Employees International Union. The protests have aimed to keep the momentum going and to educate people about the current epidemic constructed by the Trump administration, following the immigration ban and refugee denial that have been presented through executive decision.

Lariat “Saddleback’s student-run newspaper since 1968” Editor-in-Chief Holly Bartlow News Editor Alyssa Hayes Opinion Editors Lesley Naranjo Life Editors Jocelyn Cervantes Joseph Butkus Sports Editor Colin Reef Faculty Advisers Tim Posada MaryAnne Shults Instructional Assistant Ali Dorri

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PUNCHING RACISTS vol. 49, no. 8


White Neo-Nazi Nationalist gets punched in the face and everyone is wondering, is it OK to hit a Nazi? LESLEY NARANJO OPINION EDITOR

The reason is simple: the altright and the right are two different categories. Much like liberals and leftist or libertarians and anarchist. There is a spectrum and you cannot slump them together, this is were issues arise. Who are the Alt-Right? They are radicalized young white men in America. They became radicalized through Reddit and Voat, creating groups of people like-minded. The Alternative Right have an ethnocentric way of looking at things. As their ring leader Richard Spencer said, “Our dream is a new society, an ethno-state that would be a gathering point for all Europeans. It would be a new society based on very different ideals than, say, the Declaration of Independence,” said Spencer to Vice in 2013. Who are Trump supporters? Anyone who has felt attacked by elite politicians and also middle America. Trump supporters come from a different range of background all over the nation. There is a huge difference, this is why the internet went crazy when a white gay Trump supporter was pepper-sprayed in the face during the Berkley protests. Because, there was no legitimate reason to pepper spray a woman who was simply there in unity for Trump. This is why it’s OK to punch Richard Spencer though. He believes the white race is superior and doesn’t need the other races. Spencer “heils Trump” and

blames other races to incite race wars. A video surfaced of Richard Spencer giving a speech after Donald Trump was elected president. Which was given at a Washington conference, where Spencer starts saying that the white race is in danger and that they have to unite together. This started a big feud on the

how many fist fights I would of been in by now? In the 21 years of my Hispanic life, my parents are immigrants, I fall into the stereotypes. I would of been brawling all the white kids in my school. I grew up in south Orange County. Redundantly republican, old, and white. Richard Nixon was born here, so you know how it goes. So no, I wasn’t fighting people, I will use that typical line but “my friends are white.” So we aren’t these savages the right makes us out to be. So where are these Alt-Righters? Hiding behind their anonymity presence on Reddit, Voat and Twitter. The fact is that these hate movements won’t get too far in 2017. Viral videos show racists being denounced in calm ways. I am not inciting violence, I am simply saying that this is OK. Yes it is OK, for too long have minority groups been pushed around and told to stop resisting and stop fighting back. These are modern day Neo-Nazis and yet people got mad when Spencer got clocked in the face. Remember Nazis? Your grandparents probably fought in a war against them. So yes, 100 percent OK to punch the Alt-Right but not Trump supporters because they aren’t the enemy. Punching racists is okay because racism is not an opinion and it is not a topic up for debate. If you can’t take the punches while being a racist then simply don’t be a racist.

Richard Spencer doesn’t take any responsibilty for his fighting words. internet and many people were angry. Richard Spencer doesn’t take any responsibility for his fighting words. And he has claimed many times he is not a white supremacist. Yet he called for a “peaceful ethnic cleansing” and is still claiming his movement isn’t violent. But here’s a thing liberals and Trump supporters have in common—they hate violence. They’re the type of people to say “so you’re going to fight everyone who doesn’t agree with your point of view?” A teacher once told me there are no stupid questions just stupid people. And no, no, no, obviously people aren’t out there fist fighting with anyone who throws a slur or says something not politically correct. Could you imagine



Wednesday, March 15, 2017

Who is the real threat? Talking safety in gender-neutral restrooms ALYSSA HAYES NEWS EDITOR

President Trump withdrew the guidance for transgender protection that was dictated by Title IX last in February. Title IX was introduced by the Obama administrations in May of 2016 to protect the rights of transgender students to use the restroom and locker room that match their gender identities. Trump’s ruling has comes in the midst of the case involving transgender student Gavin Grimm, who said federal law allows him to use the school restrooms matching his gender identity.

The Supreme Court was originally scheduled to hear that case on March 28th, however with Trump’s new order the case has now been taken off the calendar. The biggest problem with this issue is that it is an issue to begin with. According to a poll by the Public Religion Research Institute, 53 percent of Americans surveyed oppose laws requiring transgender people to be forced to use the bathroom indicated on their birth certificate. Unfortunately ignorance, fear and bigotry are the main culprits for the contention surrounding this issue. While it is understandable for parents to want to protect their children from sexual predators, preventing people from using the restroom of the gender that they identify with will not prevent these sexual predators from attacking. The Family Research

Ignorance, fear and bigotry are the main culprits for the contention surrounding this issue.

Council released a brief outlining 21 assaults that have taken place since the introduction of title IX. The problem with these assaults, is that the majority of them are not assaults done by transgender people. The perpetrators are sexual predators, and while some of the sexual predators may be transgender, being transgender does not make someone a sexual predator.

The people who push this stigma that transgendered people are threats are the actual, real threat. The right pushes this cruel and offensive agenda towards anyone that is deemed different. Much like when being LGBT was considered a mental health disorder. But sexual predators come in all forms, and some of the worst offenders hold government positions, most notably President Trump who has bragged about violating and degrading women. Trump claims that his position on the matter is that the rights of transgender students should be left to the states and institutions to decide, and not be a federal matter. Someone who has bragged about violating the rights of women can not be trusted to protect the rights of transgender people. It should be noted that transgendered people are often and most likely the victims of sexual assault.

Living in the fake news era COLIN REEF


I’m sure you have heard about it or even stumbled upon it while scrolling through Facebook or other social media platforms. The “it”, I am referring to is this concept of deliberately publishing propaganda and disinformation with the intent to completely mislead an audience. Perhaps you find fake news to be simple satire or harmless entertainment, but the truth is, it has a potentially negative effect on many facets of society and democracy. In recent history, the common unethical journalistic practice in media known as yellow journalism arised near the turn of the 19th century. Or with sensationalist tabloid journalism like the National Enquirer. It has been well documented that people such as William Randolph Hearst profited from such unethical dissemination of news and partially contributed to citizen support for the Spanish-American War. In other words, lies in news had the potential to inflict physical harm. With that in mind, there can be serious consequences to falsifying news especially

in the digital age where opinions seem to dominate facts. There has been especially large appeal on social media platforms such as Twitter and Facebook. “The bottom line is: We take misinformation seriously,” Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook creator said. “Our goal is to connect people with the stories they find most meaningful, and we know people want accurate information. We’ve been working on this problem for a long time and we take this responsibility seriously. We’ve made significant progress, but there is more work to be done.” One particular fake news story that was seen on Facebook was one reported by the Denver Guardian stating that, “FBI Agent Suspected in Hillary Email Leaks Found Dead in Apparent Murder Suicide.” This is completely false. The Denver Guardian operates solely on providing clickbait stories to gain popularity. Upon further research, one can even visit their website domain and see that the links don’t function and their street address is non existent. Another case comes from The Valley Report an entertainment website known for publishing fake news stories. One story they

published recalls a woman defecating on her boss’s desk after winning the lottery. Which is a harmlesss but completely false. The mugshot used online was unrelated and actually came from a case that happened in 2014. This blurs our line of reality and fantasy. “I have completely separated myself from Facebook because I felt like the negativity was too much for me to handle. I felt myself getting more and more negative when faced with everyone’s biased opinion.” Frank Gonzalez, mathematics professors said. Some good ways for people to sift through all the false news is to consider the source and understand its purpose, read beyond the headline to understand the whole story. And check the authors and make sure they are real and credible, exam supporting sources to ensure they reinforce the claims, check the date of publication, thoroughly review your own biases, and get confirmation from experts. Lastly, ask yourself if it’s a joke. These fake news “correspondents” are banking on your inability to use common sense to understand their fake story. Really ask yourself... “Does this make sense or is this complete bullshit.”

vol. 49, no. 8


Where’s our EPA?

Donald Trump turning a blind eye to the planet, what’s at stake?


Who could be a better choice to run the EPA other than Scott Pruitt, Oklahoma’s attorney general, who is nothing but a bitter opponent of the E.P.A. One lawsuit after another to abolish all regulations to save the environment and now here we are with Pruitt, an anti-climate change advocate, holding the planet in his hands. During Trump’s presidency he has made it clear to eliminate several acts by slashing the budget in place to protect the environment. The targets he plans to shoot down first are the Clean Power Plan, the Clean Water Rule and the federal coal-leasing moratorium. The EPA is a small agency and has suffered many budget cuts with past presidencies. Looking at the Trump administration those cuts are expected to be an all time high. “The EPA has a budget of only $8.1 billion,” said Morgan Barrows, environmental studies professor at Saddleback. “To cut it by $2 billion is a huge reduction.” A budget of 8.1 billion is a small budget to begin with when taking into consideration what it takes for the environment and its mechanics to run smoothly. It hardly leaves an impact on society’s own personal spending according to Barrows. “If you think it is only a little over 18 dollars a person that the government is spending to protect the environmental welfare of our country, that’s nothing and that’s pitiful.”


“The EPA has a budget of only $8.1 billion. To cut it by $2 billion is a huge reduction.” Morgan Barrows

Not only are environmental acts at stake, endangered species are also being targeted. Funding for the Endangered Species Act is being threatened, with the potential of half of its funding being stripped in California alone. The ESA was signed into congress in 1973 and helps protect more than 1,600 plant and animal species that are marked as endangered.

Students are also feeling the effects of this administration due to a freeze on EPA grants for current research going on within the environmental community. Grad students and researchers funding has been stopped and all current studies have been put on hold. With the EPA beginning to disappear, where does this leave the community and our planet? There is going to be a decline in the state of our environment but the biggest problem is that people won’t take action until it becomes their problem. “Once the people start caring, once the people start believing its important and that momentum behind the people starts taking off that’s when you’ll start to see action taken,” Said Barrows. In today’s political climate,

it’s going to take more than government intervention to save our world. With Trump’s administration planning to layoff 3,000 employees in the EPA and the idea of climate change being considered a hoax, there is no other option then to turn to the people. “The environmental movement started as a grassroots movement and it needs to go back to that,” said Barrows. “Forget the government looking out for our best interests from an environmental perspective, we have to take it back to the power of the people.” This society can’t be a functioning one without a clean healthy planet, and that is exactly what we must focus on in order to move forward with our health and prosperity.

#UseYourVoice: A campus discourse Saddleback staff, professors and students review liberty in the new digital age



Saddleback College presents part one of a four part series called Understanding the First Amendment in the 21st Century or #UseYourVoice yesterday Feb. 28, in the quad. The main purpose of this event was to inform and educate students and faculty on how the application of the first amendment has changed since the onset of technology and social media. With the help of Associated Student Government, the Pre-Law Society, Academic Senate, Classified Senate, and Dr. Tod Burnett, Saddleback College president, a panel of students were given the chance to express any concerns, feelings, and questions they had to a panel of Saddleback College professors. The panel of Saddleback College professors included political science professors Kendralyn Webber and Christina Hinkle, mathematics professor Frank Gonzalez, and Journalism professor Mike Reed. “In order to understand the first amendment,” said Mike Reed, “we must first analyze the nine areas of unprotected speech that most people either forget or fail to realize exist.” Obscenity, defamation, expression intended and likely to incite imminent lawless action, unwarranted invasions of privacy, deceptive or misleading advertisements, clear and immediate threats to national security, expression on school grounds that cause a material and substantial disruption of school activities, copyright violations. The digital age has given rise

to many pressing questions when correlating them to first amendment freedoms. One main reason for this is the Supreme Court and its establishment in relation to freedoms of press and speech were created nearly 50 years ago. They were created way before the implementation or creation for that matter, of the Internet, World Wide Web, and smartphones. The emergence of Google and other tech giants like Apple as well as social media platforms has propelled us into a new age of communica-

tion. This makes it hard for the present generation to establish grounds for proper first amendment rights seeing as many need revaluation or a complete overhaul. “The role of the Supreme Court (which some regard as too slow) still works because it gives authority, the right to fundamentally break down protected speech and reflect on all of the consequences,” said Christina Hinkle, “It’s important for us to utilize the tools we have been given (Internet) to further edu-

cate people on these proceedings and make proper provisions.” For many people the Internet has made it harder for interpersonal communication to take place. This is due in part because of the lack of education on the first amendment. Nowadays, many people assume news is genuine just from a glance or a gloss-over. These immediate reactions have made it possible for people to actually widen the gap and increase a polarization of opinions. “Interpersonal relationships

e on First Amendment TOP: Mathematics professor Frank Gonzalez, journalism professor Mike Reed and political science professor Kendralyn Webber answer questions posed by students about the impact of technology in the digital age.

LEFT: Two students from the panel listening to the professors talk about the impact the beloved iPhone has had on interpersonal relationships and communication in the digital era RIGHT: Associated Student Government President Lucy Hendrix and Vice President Raja Riahi introduce the teachers and students into the first installation of the #UseYourVoice Series presented by the Pre-Law Society, Academic Senate, Classified Senate and Dr, Tod Burnet.


have become media popcorn for some people,” said Kendralyn Webber, “It’s almost as if it’s not about you what know but what you google.” In too many ways this has become the normal way of projecting facts, opinions, and information. Although we may be in a confusing place as far as communication goes, having events in the community like #UseYourVoice on college campuses helps to bridge the unknown and further educate people on our unalienable rights.

In November Steel filed a complaint with Orange Coast College President Dennis Harkins against Olga Perez Stable Cox, after she was recorded saying that the election of Donald Trump was an “act of terrorism” and referred to Vice President as “one of the most anti-gay humans in the country.” Steel’s complaint claims Cox used hate speech and violated the civil rights of the students who supported Trump by forcing them to identify themselves in a degrading manner. Steel likened the Education Code created by the California Department to not always stopping at every stop sign when riding a bike inferring that if a law is stupid, it ALYSSA HAYES doesn’t need to be followed. This became a MANAGING EDITOR topic of contention when a faculty member in the audience held up a copy of the Education The Associated Student Government along Code and asked Steel which codes should be with the Pre-Law Society hosted the second inignored. stallment of their #useyourvoice series on camThe Student panel had a list of questions pus. The #useyourvoice series is intended for from the audience as well as from themselves students at Saddleback College to gain a better for Steel regarding the infringement of First understanding of the First Amendment, and what Amendment rights while on campus. Mariam El changes and challenges technology has on First Hasan, president of the Model United Nations, Amendment rights. and one of the panel members asked Steel if “In order to provide open and respectful disteachers should be given a warning if they are cussions surrounding free going to be recorded. speech at Saddleback, I am Steel responded by very pleased to provide ingiving everyone explicit formation on four communipermission and encouragety workshops that will focus ment to record, claiming on the First Amendment and that teachers should expect how it impacts our commuto be recorded. Although nity,” said Tod Burnett, Preshe did have specific criteident of Saddleback College. ria when asked if he would Tuesday afternoons event defend any student caught featured Attorney Shawn recording a professor. Steel. Steel is a contributing “If it is a matter of perwriter to Breitbart, a Repubsonal belief and they are lican National Committeeconservative,” said Steel. man, and an attorney speThe contentious nature cializing in personal injury SHAWN STEEL of this topic is what inlawsuits. Steel has also taken spired Associated Student on pro bono cases for students who feel their civil Government president Lucy Hendrix to create rights have been violated, most recently, students this series. assaulted during the Pro Trump rally at University “I think that free speech will always be someof California Berkeley. The pro bono cases he is what of a contentious issue on college campuses, taking on are going after any student, faculty, or but it has become an increasingly hot topic since just any person who is violating the civil rights of the election,” said Hendrix. conservatives. The remaining 2 events in the #useyourvoice “There is a menace in America right now atseries will be Tuesday, March 14 from 2-4 pm in tacking people with different points of view,” said the quad. This talk will present an overview of Steel. The main focus of Tuesday’s series was state free speech laws and what generally convideotaping in the classroom. stitutes protected speech. The panel will feature “Many students have questions, especially Warren S. Kinsler, and Sharon Ormond of Atinkwhen it comes to what is and isn’t allowed son, Andelson, Loya, Rudd and Romo professionwhile at school,” said Lucy Hendrix, presial Law Corporation. dent of the Associated Student Government. Tuesday, March 28 from 2-4 pm in SM 313. In post classrooms, recording is prohibited This discussion will focus on the differences unless the student has been given prior conbetween free speech and academic freedom, as sent. well as the first amendment from a national per“Silencing information is so antiquated, it spective. The speaker will be UCI Law School only can exist in a totalitarian society,” said Steel. Founding Dean Erwin Chemerinsky.

Brietbart contributer critiques government, liberals, during second of four-part free speech series on campus

“Silencing information is so antiquated, it can only exist in a totalitarian society. ”



Wednesday, March 15, 2017

Emotions run high and low in ‘The Ash Girl’

Makenna Johnson portrays the beloved lead character in this classic portrayal of the stepsister JOCELYN CERVANTES LIFE EDITOR

The Studio Theatre transformed into a mystical forest for “The Ash Girl,” a re-telling of the classic Cinderella fairy tale with a dark twist paying homage to the Brothers Grimm original folk tale. The department of theatre arts at Saddleback College presented ‘The Ash Girl,’ directed by Marya Mazor. Saddleback student MaKenna Johnson played the lead role of Ash Girl. White drapes covered the room, projecting a background of a forest and the sound of birds happily singing made one start feeling as if they were gently drifting down a river. The first scene opened in a kitchen with two sisters, Ruth and Judith, eating food while ignoring Ash Girl laying on the hearth blanketed in gray cinders. A contemporary twist to Cinderella, Ash Girl tells the story of a girl who yearns to attend the town ball in hopes of meeting the prince. Like Cinderella, the title character has two evil stepsisters and stepmother, animals as friends, a fairy godmother who grants wishes, a spellbinding ball and a charming prince, but that is where the similarities end. Ash is invited to the ball with her stepsisters, where she would have the chance to


A WARM EMBRACE: Atefeh Madi, left who portrays Sadness hugs Makenna Johnson. This play had a mix of mystical characters unlike the traditional story. meet Prince Amir. But Sadness and the other demons convince her she is not good enough or pretty enough to meet his interest. The mother is not as evil as the audience has grown up to believe. In fact, she’s quite nice to Ash Girl. She offers Judith and Ruth to help Ash Girl finish cleaning the dishes. The refreshing twist to the mother’s character sheds light on the evil stepmother. Noelle Kirby’s soothing and celestial voice captures positive characteristics of a mother. Seven beasts live deep in the forest, each animal characterizing one of the seven deadly sins: Pridefly, Envysnake, Slothworm, Gluttontoad, Greedmonkey, Angerbird, and Lust, each animal poisoning the souls of all the humans. There is an eighth sin, Sadness. This is what haunts Ash Girl throughout the play. She struggles and questions her self worth and Johnson’s extraordinary performance delivers a character one can relate to. Madi’s performance as Sadness captivates not only Ash Girl but the audience as well. Sadness embraces Ash Girl in self doubt, whispering dark words to Ash Girl the same way the demons shadow and influence the rest of the characters. Madi captures the audiance, her melancholy smile making the audiance believe in her words and the audiance finds themselves sinking just like

Ash Girl. From scene to scene, Sadness appears whenever Ash Girl questions her self worth. Eventually, Sadness is able to convince Ash Girl that her life has no value. When Sadness physically hugs Ash Girl, the interaction symbolizes how depression and self doubt can drown a person. Fortunately, Ash Girl finds friendship in the animals Owl, Otter, the Fairy in the Mirror and Girl Mouse and Girl Mouse 2 who remind her the importance of hope and love and one’s potential throughout the play. Mazor’s adaptation of Timberlake Wertenbaker’s twist to the classic story makes for a perfect play that captivated the audience the whole time through. And Johnsons’ preformance of the Ash Girl captures the plays’ essence. Overall “The Ash Girl” is deeper and more complex, making this a must-see play. With themes of sadness and self-doubt the audience sympathizes with the Ash Girl and her story.


“Once Upon a Mattress” McKinney Theatre | April 9 and 15

vol. 49, no. 8



NOSTALIGIC: Past and present faculty displayed their art pieces in Fine Arts 201. “Old Soy Bean Factory” by Bill Agee, left; “Reflections” by Angela Plunkett; “RW Cup” and “Carved Bottle by Richard White, who passed away in 2015.

Faculty exhibit displays evocative artwork Several artists pieces were posthumously featured along with work from retired and current instructors JOSEPH BUTKUS LIFE EDITOR

Saddleback College’s faculty art and photo exhibition is on display in Fine Arts 201 and features mix-media pieces from various artists. The gallery features sculptures and paintings by numerous teachers from then and now. “The concept for the show is ‘Past and Present,’” said Bob Rickerson, the gallery curator, “Among the 42 artists some are current instructors and some have retired or taught here before.” The gallery also has work from Richard White, Tom Gaines and Wayne Horvath displayed, who were past teachers that have passed away in recent years. Hedy Buzan, one of the present artists, started teaching at Saddleback in 1998. She got a Bachelor’s degree in Fine Arts from UC Santa Cruz specializing in lithography printmaking. She took classes here at Saddleback College and spent 10 years working with Bill Riley in the printmaking program. With Professor Riley’s encouragement,

she went to graduate school at George Washington University and got her master’s degree in fine arts. She ended up back at Saddleback and has taught numerous fine arts classes ever since Her piece, “Renewal,” is an abstract piece which is designed with line, shape, value, texture and color. Her inspiration behind the piece comes from Richard Diebenkorn, a Portland naitve painter who’s work is associated with abstarct expressionism and Bay Area Figurative Movement. The paintings aslo show a great deal of her sensibility. “I submitted it because I felt the contrast of the large green field, against the yellow ochre, referencing the ending of California’s five year drought,” said Buzan. She will be attending the Laguna Beach Sawdust Festival and Festival of Arts in the summer and her studio will be located at 3251 Laguna Canyon Rd. by appointment only. Angela Plunkett, another present artist, had no formal training and drew out of passion. “I have always loved drawing and doing artistic things but I had no formal training,” said Plunkett, “My watercolor piece titled, ‘Reflections,’ is inspired by the reflections of a tree during the fall when the leaves are turning a beautiful, vibrant yellow. I find reflections fascinating and the movement of water hypnotic.” Professor Plunkett currently teaches Drawing 1 and Art History Survey courses at

Orange Coast College. Her piece is inspired by a small stream in Irvine. Bill Agee, a past professor at Saddleback, taught drawing and painting. His work has always been acrylic and temporary. He graduated from CSU Long Beach in 1991 and has has since published “A Complete Guide to Painting with Acylics” and has had art featured at numerous exhibits including the Wells Fargo bank gallery, the Joanne Artman Gallery and the Laguna Museum of Art. Recently, Agee has been dabbling in black and white photography and captured the image “Old Soybean Factory” which was shot in East Irvine, CA. The digital image was printed on Hanemühle and shot on 35 mm Kodak HS Infared Film. Richard White, who passed away in 2015, created pieces using clay and used markings and indentations to describe his art. His two featured art pieces include the “RW Cup” and “Carved Bottle” which are both made of his signature ceramic style. “He was drawn to earth and fire and complemented by his love of the sea,” said Buzan, “Richard was complex enough to be simple, strong enough to be gentle, and a person you could trust.” The exhibit runs until March 16 and is free admission. For more information on the artists featured and future art galleries at Saddleback, call 949.582.4924 or email Bob Rickerson at



Wednesday, March 15, 2017

COURAGE: Poet Rupi Kaur captivates readers with her 21 years of hardship leading to self love and discovery.

Smooth as milk thick as honey A woman’s journey of the loving, the hurting and the breaking HOLLY BARTLOW EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

“Milk and Honey”, a New York Times best seller, is a poetic harmony between violence abuse love loss and feminity which takes you through the journey of Rupi Kaur’s life filled with bittersweet imagery, moments of heartache to finally reaching an everlasting sense of self love. “I like to think milk and honey began the day I was born,” said Rupi Kaur. “this is that I take from my lifelong experiences for this collection. I take a lot of pain I’ve experienced or my family has experienced.” Kaur began her life in India, almost immediately after her birth her father immigrated to Toronto fleeing for bigger opportuni-

ties and escaping from the genocide that was happening in Punjabi, soon after her and her mother followed. This is where “Milk and Honey” is born. The poems are divided into four chapters, the hurting, the loving, the breaking and the healing. As the reader loses themselves amongst the pages the reoccurring theme of sexuality and abuse is apparent. “By the time I am born I have already survived the first battle of my life against female feticide,” said Kaur. “I am one of the lucky ones who has been allowed to live while millions of other girls are killed at or before birth, simply for being born girls.” As the writer allows her vulnerability to let loose, the reader begins to relate as a woman as the emotional intensity creates union and feminity. Becoming vulnerable with her poems creates inspiration amongst her audience. This collection of poems takes you through a young woman’s journey and on

the other side of the hurting, the reader feels in their hearts the fulfillment of how she overcomes the oppression and the many struggles along the way and turns it into the beauty of self love and appreciation. After reading “Milk and Honey” as a woman calling out to other women, this collection of poems should be in your purse, like it is in mine, at all times for reassurance and self affirmation through out the day. “this is the journey of surviving through poetry this is the blood sweat tears of twenty-one years this is my heart in your hands this is the hurting the loving the breaking the healing,” she writes in one of her poems.

vol. 49, no. 8



THIRTEEN: Katherine Langford will play Hannah Baker in “13 Reasons Why,” on Netflix alongside Kate Walsh as Mrs. Baker.

Just better than a baker’s dozen JOCELYN CERVANTES LIFE EDITOR

When Clay Jensen arrives home from school one day, he finds a box full of cassette tapes on his doorstep. In “Thirteen Reasons Why,” author Jay Asher tells the story of an adolescent teenager who discovers his classmate-and crush-Hannah Baker has left him thirteen tapes two weeks after she commited suicide. When he plays the first cassette tape, the first thing he hears is Hannah’s voice and the instructions she left behind. Each side of the cassette tapes tells the story of how each person played a role in her decicion to take her life. Hannah only left two rules for them to follow: one you listen and two you pass it on to the next person. Astonished, Clay listens to the tapes to find out how he fits in her death. Along with the tapes, Hannah leaves a map of the town where


she has starred specific locations she wants all her killers to visit while listening to the tapes. Each location ranges from the park where she had her first kiss, the diner she had a date at, a coffee shop where she made her first friends, each place connects to one of the stories. Clay is forced to figures out the Hannah Baker, who worked

with him at the movie theater and fell in love with is not the same Hannah others know her as. He realizes he know the real Hannah Baker. He’s not even sure if Hannah herself knew who she was. Asher doesn’t romanticize depression and suicide the way some young adult novelist are famous for. The book forces the reader to think of how one simple mean gesture can affect a person. Depression is not a thing that makes a person cool and Asher emphasizes that. There is something eerie about Hannah having used cassette tapes, hardly any are used today. In today’s society someone might have made a video and shared it on social media platforms and the whole world would know the story. Except Hannah didn’t want the world to know, she just wanted those thirteen people. Using the tapes gives an intimate and obscure feeling, like the thirteen people are part of a secret society and to enter they

had to listen to the tapes. They don’t get to keep them as souvenirs and if they wanted them destroyed, someone would have to physically break them. This would mean they accepted the tapes as the truth, the truth about themselves-someone who is cruel or a peeping tom or a rapist, but to Hannah, they’re all murderers. “Thirteen Reasons Why” is one of those stories that sticks with you, that when you finish reading it, it makes you rethink your own life and you wonder if maybe you could be one of someone’s thirteen reasons. Asher does something not many authors achieve, to change the way their readers look at the world. Netflix will be airing a 13 episode series on 31 March. Other honorable mentions for Netflix originals to catch are: “Dear White People,” “Sense8,” “Black Mirror,” “The Get Down,” “Master of None,” “Stranger Things,” “Santa Clarita Diet” and “The OA.”



Wednesday, March. 15, 2017

Gauchos victorious in second conference game Steady pitching, confidence at the plate, and lack of errors lead to a Gaucho win COLIN REEF


The Saddleback College baseball team went back to their winning ways with a 4-1 victory over Golden West College last Thursday afternoon at the Doug Fritz field. The Gauchos were able to generate some offense which had been lacking in previous games. Saddleback just came off a 3-2 conference opener loss against Golden West College the previous Tuesday. Starting sophomore pitcher for the Gauchos Chase Lydon was thus looking for a little redemption. He threw the ball extremely well but was replaced in the top of the seventh inning holding the Comets to just one run batted in. Lydon finished the day with four strikeout improving his record to 3-2. Brandon Helmick replaced Lydon with the bases


DOUBLING-UP: The Gauchos reluctant to keep their eye on the ball and facilitate some much needed offense in their win against Golden West College. loaded and was able to get out of the inning after an infielder on the Gauchos got his glove on a line drive. Sophomore outfielder Tyler Clark, batting an impressive .419 average on the season, was able to bat in the first run at the bottom of the first inning. He notched the RBI with a double to left field

Upcoming Spring Events Men’s Tennis • 3/16 Riverside 2:00 pm • 3/17 Cypress 2:00 pm • 3/21 Fullerton 2:00 pm • 3/23 Orange Coast 2:00 pm • 3/28 Cypress 2:00 pm • 3/30 Irvine Valley 2:00 pm • 4/6 San Diego 2:00 pm

Women’s Tennis • 3/16 Riverside 2:00 pm • 3/28 Cypress 2:00 pm • 3/30 Irvine Valley 2:00 pm • 4/4 Fulerton 2:00 pm

BOLD TEAM: Home Event

scoring freshman infielder Mike Jarvis. After scoring the second run in the third inning, Brett Auerbach hit a double in the seventh inning sending Ulumano Farm towards home plate giving the Gauchos a little more cushion with a 3-1 lead heading into the eighth inning. The sophomore catcher for

the Gauchos, Erik Voller, was able to add to their promising lead in the eighth lining a double to further the score to 4-1 going into the final inning of the game. The Gauchos are now 13-5 overall and 2-1 in conference play. They go into next week seeking wins against Orange Coast College.



• 3/16 Orange Coast 2:00 pm • 3/18 Orange Coast 12:00 pm • 3/21 Fullerton 2:00 pm • 3/23 Fullerton 2:00 pm • 3/24 Fullerton 2:00 pm • 3/28 Irvine Valley 2:00 pm • 3/30 Irvine Valley 2:00 pm • 4/1 Irvine Valley 12:00 pm • 4/4 Santa Ana 2:00 pm

• 3/15 Golden West 3:00 pm • 3/17 Santiago 2:00 pm • 3/22 Riverside 3:00 pm • 3/25 vs. Taft 10:00 am • 3/25 vs. East L.A. 2:00 pm • 3/26 vs L.A. Valley 9:00 am • 3/29 Orange Coast 3:00 pm • 3/31 Cypress 2:00 pm • 4/3 San Diego 5:00 pm

vol. 49, no. 8



ACED: Hawaiian native and Saddleback College sophomore, Jeffrey Gelman, locks into his stance and gets ready to return a heated serve by Palomar opponent, Peter Trhac in the singles No. 1 match.

Men’s tennis rallies to defeat Comets COLIN REEF


The Saddleback men’s tennis team pulled through on Friday with a 6-3 victory over the Palomar College Comets at the home tennis courts. This win puts them in contention for a playoff appearance just one month from now. The first match in the men’s singles featured Saddleback’s Jeff Gelman and Palomar’s Peter Trhac. Trhac finished the match winning 6-2, 6-2 but Gelman gave him a run for his money. Gelman was returning his opponent’s powerful service aces but soon wore out as the match

progressed. Freshman Kris Harris was defeated in the second singles match by opponent Kyle Le. Harris was strong with his forehand but his opponent was quick to return with properly placed volleys. After dropping their No. 1 and No. 2 singles matches, the Gauchos overcame the odds finishing in an electrifying fashion. Freshman Andrew Tran followed the two losses with two impressive games scoring 6-0, 6-4 to win the final set and match. Freshman Tyler Bloom mirrored his teammates play with a 6-3, 6-1 win to tie the game. Gauchos and Comets would be

locked at 2-2 a piece in singles so far. Later on, sophomore power hitter Michael Park swept his opponent winning both sets 6-0, 6-0. The Gauchos were on a roll because they would then follow up their lead with two impressive doubles wins against Palomar. The Gauchos win emphatically on their homecourt improving to 9-4 overall and 2-2 in conference. Saddleback will play another Orange Empire Conference game at 2 p.m. on Thursday, March 16 against Riverside Valley College. They could sneak back into third place with a win on Thursday.


March 29

The biology department will hold an informational meeting for this program in southeastern Brazil on Thursday, March 16 at 5 p.m. in the Sciences Building, Room 111. This 13-day program (June 26-July 8) will explore the ecology, evolution, biodiversity, and conservation of the coastal, marine, and Atlantic forest habitats of São Paulo, Ilhabela, Ubatuba, Paraty, and Rio de Janeiro). Students will be accompanied by two Saddleback College full-time biology faculty members on all days and for all planned activities. This college-level program is open to all Saddleback students interested in learning about Brazilian biodiversity and culture. Contact the instructors directly for more information and/or if you are interested but cannot make it to the meeting. Bruno Passarelli, or Marcelo Pires, See also: study-abroad/brazil. Saddleback also has several other upcoming study abroad programs. For those interested in studying in Santander, Spain or Cuba, come to an informational meeting Thursday, March 16 at 6 p.m. in SSC 212. Scholarships are available for those inquiring about financial aid. Contact Carmenmara at

Therapist and life coach Allison Smith will speak about her journey through Parkinson’s disease.from 7-8:30 p.m. in BGS 114

Study Abroad in Brazil

Psychology Series

April 7-15

“Once Upon A Mattress”

The department of theatre arts presents a musical fairytale comedy about a princess and her sleepless nights, with shows throughout the month of April in the McKinney Theatre. Choreography by Natalie Baldwin, Directed by J.D. Keller, and musically directed by Taylor Stephenson. Date and showtimes are

April 7, 8, 13-15 at 7:30 p.m. and April 9, 15 at 2:30 p.m.This popular musical that marked the Broadway debut of Carol Burnett is based on “The Princess and the Pea” by Hans Christian Andersen. With wonderful songs, hilarious and raucous antics, romantic and melodic courtships, chances are you’ll never look at fairy tales the same. Tickets are $15 general admission, $12 seniors and $10 students. Call 949-5824656 (noon to 4 pm, Tuesday - Friday) or visit for more information.

April 8-9

“When We Were Young”

The Observatory Grounds presents “When We Were Young” a two-day concert

series featuring some of the most iconic bands that hold a special place in the heart of every ‘90s era emo and punk fans. The concert will be headlined by Morissey on Saturday, the Descendents on Sunday. AFI and other notable bands such as Taking Back Sunday, Alkaline Trio, Streetlight Manifesto, Silversun Pickups, Senses Fail and many others will perform throughout the two-day eventww. The Observatory Grounds are located at 3503 S. Harbor blvd, Santa Ana. Gates open at noon. April 8-9. Tickets can be purchased at and to see the full band lineup for the show.

Skateboard instructor desired to teach children. Must be at least 18 years of age, have clean criminal history with working car/cell phone. Instructor will be paid as an independent contractor earning $12-$15 an hour.

Vol. 49, Issue 8 (March 15, 2017)  

Lariat is the student-run news publication covering Saddleback College and the South Orange County Community College District

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