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IFLA

55th

resilient landscape STUDENT DESIGN AWARDS

world congress

Proundly presented by international federation of Landscape Architects singapore institute of landscape architects


resilience landscape 2018 ifla Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Brief


The Singapore Institute of Landscape Architects (SILA) is a non-profit organization representing the landscape architectural profession in Singapore. It was established in 1985 with the objectives to promote the profession of landscape architecture, support research and education in landscape architecture, as well as create and maintain a high standard of professional qualification. Under SILA’s key thrust, we welcome initiatives and collaborations with local tertiary institutions, and work closely with them to continuously advance the learning and practice of landscape architecture. SILA believes in continuous learning and innovation. We believe in providing educational support to grow our profession and nurture the future leaders of our profession.


JURY PANEL final jury

dr. beverly sandalack

Dr Ariya Aruninta

simon morrison

ifla chairperson for student competition, university of calgary

associate professor chulalongkorn university

DIRECTOR icn design international pte ltd

Beverly A. Sandalack PhD, FCSLA, RPP, MCIP is Professor and Associate Dean (Academic) in the Faculty of Environmental Design, University of Calgary, and the founding director of the Master of Landscape Architecture Program. Since 2000, she has co-directed the EVDS Urban Lab, an innovative and award-winning research group concerned with urban design, urban morphology, cultural landscapes, and health and the built environment. Her publications include two books on urban morphology and design, two books on sense of place and cultural landscapes; and numerous articles in academic journals and the local press. Dr. Sandalack has chaired IFLA’s Student Competitions since 2004 and is a member of IFLA’s Education and Academic Affairs Committee.

Dr Ariya Aruninta is the author of Landscape Architectural Design and Construction Technology, a co-publication of Chulalongkorn University Press (Thailand) and Alpha Sci (UK). She was graduated her Bachelor in Landscape Architecture from Chulalongkorn University. Then she was employed as a project landscape architect in Suan Luang Rama IX King Park Foundation. In 1987, she went studying abroad in the USA at Department of Landscape Architecture, University of Colorado at Denver. She spent another one year being an intern at Design Workshop, Inc. In 1989, she went back to Thailand to work as a landscape architect at Public Works Department. Her works involved park design and large scale planning. Her most outstanding project is Queen Suriyothai Memorial Park. Dr. Aruninta received her PhD from AIT. Her PhD dissertation was awarded an outstanding research prize from NRCT – The National Research Council of Thailand.

Simon has worked across both public and private practice around the globe, completing numerous residential, commercial and master-planning projects. With over twenty years’ of Landscape Architectural experience in Australasia, South East Asia, the Middle East, Europe and the United Kingdom, Simon has an extensive knowledge of landscape, urban design and master-planning issues as they impact different regions of the world. His honed design and management skills range from conceptualisation and planning to detailed design and management roles in construction. Now based in Asia, Simon’s responsibilities and interests have gravitated toward design thinking about how a “landscape approach” can combine so many valuable characteristics environmental, social, cultural, information and technological to develop innovative, sustained and expressive places for people.


pre-selection jury

dr osman mohd tahir

ms dewi rezalini anwar

MIKE barthelmeh

president of institute of landscape architects malaysia

ifla epa (ifla apr representative) lecturer, bogor agricultural university

honorary associate professor lincoln university, new zealand

Associate Professor LAr. Dr. Osman Mohd Tahir, has been actively involved in the field of landscape architecture since 1984. Currently, he is the Dean of the Faculty of Design and Architecture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Immediate Past President and Ex-Officio of the Institute of Landscape Architects, Malaysia (ILAM), Vice Chairman Asian Landscape Architecture Society and Chairman of the Dean Council for the Built Environment, Malaysia. Concurrently, he is an Associate Professor of Landscape Architecture in the Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Design and Architecture Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM).

IFLA APR representative for IFLA-EPA Working group Landscape Architect mainly in Landscape design Landscape Design’s Lecturer in Landscape Architecture Department, Bogor Agricultural University since 2008. Currently having researches about Art in Landscape Architecture, Linier Landscape, Open Gallery, Cultural relation in Landscape Design, etc. Practical projects, such as landscape designer for commercial area (Resort, Hotel, office, ect), Landscape for tourism (edutourism, ecotourism, Agro tourism, etc), urban landscape and housings. Have good interest with Landscape architecture student activities such as Competition and workshop. Winning some national landscape design competitions and became a jury for some Landscape Design.

Mike Barthelmeh is an Honorary Associate Professor at Lincoln University in New Zealand. He has taught into the landscape programme at Lincoln for over 30 years and has served as Vice President of the New Zealand Institute of Landscape Architects. Mike is currently the Hon. Secretary of the IFLA Asia-Pacific Region, and chair of the IFLA APR Accreditation Panel.


sponsors


SILVER SPONSOR STEPHEN CAFFYN LANDSCAPE DESIGN

BRONZE SPONSOR

BRONZE SPONSOR

BRONZE SPONSOR

SITE TECTONIX LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS

COEN DESIGN INTERNATIONAL PTE LTD

GRANT ASSOCIATES PTE LTD

MERIT SPONSOR RAMBOLL STUDIO DREISEITL PTE LTD


Kranji Marshes • •

Outstanding Award - IFLA AAPME Awards 2018 Outstanding Award of Excellence - SLAA 2017

Comments: Yes, we were Lead Consultants on this project. Yes, we designed everything in this project too - not just the planting.

Comments: Yes, the Raptor Tower and all the boardwalks too

SCLD offer a full Landscape Architectural design service. Comments: Yes, we designed everything you’re looking at in the photos. Yes, all the buildings, structures, sculptures, and signage too. Yes, of course the planting also.

Learning Forest @ Singapore Botanic Gardens • •

Outstanding Award - IFLA AAPME Awards 2018 ABC Waters GOLD Certification - Public Utilities Board (PUB)

STEPHEN CAFFYN LANDSCAPE DESIGN Landscape Architecture & Environmental Planning Website: www.land-arch.net Tel: (65) 6227 7152


student awards university category


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards

1ST PRIZE UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

A SONG OF "ICE & FIRE"

PRIZE JURY CITATION: This project dealt with the issues facing arid and semi-arid regions due to climate change that may include heavy rainfall. The submission was graphically consistent and well presented, and described in a logical sequence and with a compelling narrative. There was a good integration of expressive strong formand a successful melding of the artistic and the ecological into a solution.

Treatment of concentrated rainfall based on arid and semi-arid regions. Shanxi Datong, China

The project is located in arid and semi-arid regions of Shanxi, China. People are mainly concerned with the local drought and water shortages while ignoring the risk of flooding.Therefore, when arid soils encounter concentrated rainfall, farmlands and villages, including the remains of the ancient Great Wall, will be severely eroded. The arid climate, concentrated rainfall and severe soil erosion have caused a vicious circle of local ecological environment. In the context of the extreme climate with drought and flood, in order to solve the concentrated rainfall that has a great impact on the local ecology and life, we propose 3 strategies: grooming, savings, and utilization of rainfall.

Shuang Li, Hongda Wang, Keji Zhao, Chao Zhou, Yadi Wang Beijing Forestry University, School of Landscape Architecture, Beijing, China

2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards

The innovation lies in: (1) During rainfall, runoff points to the design path. Along the runoff path, ecological catchment landforms are set to reduce soil erosionďźŒand keep water and soil intact. In addition, we use self-healing concrete to heal cracks and prevent further destruction of the Great Wall. (2) In the low-lying areas, reservoirs were set up, and the rainfall was introduced into them according to the designed route. In order to slow down the evaporation of rainwater, plants are planted around the pool. (3) During the dry period, the collected rainwater is used for agricultural irrigation and domestic water, and rainwater is used effectively. Ultimately, these strategies will bring positive benefits to the local ecology, production and life, to realize a virtuous circle of ecology.


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards

2ND PRIZE UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

IFLA ZVI MILLER PRIZE

SYMBIOSIS WITH RIVER TRACE

JURY CITATION: This submission showed restraint and subtlety of recreating ecological patterns to address environmental and social patterns in the landscape. It showed strong knowledge and understanding of natural processes the graphics and the narrative indicated a concern for social issues as well as tangible and intangible cultural matters.

Li Tan, Meng-han Zhang, Xin Jiang, Xin Li, Xue-rong Sun

Although this was a strong project, the jury felt that there was too much information that was attempted to be presented, with a lack of hierarchy, making it more difficult to understand the key messages easily.

Beijing Forestry University, School of Landscape Architecture, Beijing, China

2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards

The site is located near the ancient city, Toungoo, Sittang River, Myanmar. Floods caused by river changes and rainfall during the rainy season are natural disasters with the highest frequency and widest impact in this area. At the same time, local industries are single and production capacity is low. The deterioration of the ecological environment has also exacerbated many existing problems. The landscape resilience of our design is embodied in three aspects: resilient management of rainfall and flood, resilient development of social economy, and sustainable development of ecological service.We plan to construct a rainfall and flood storage system by using existing river trace lakes. Floods are guided into the Oxbow Lake to ease flood pressure during the rainy season. The water can be used for irrigation.The security of the land and people’s life will be ensured . In addition, fishery production can be developed. Discarded sawdust can be used for mushroom cultivation. In this way, the development of agriculture, forestry and fishery will be promoted in an integrated and coordinated manner. We also expect to provide a good habitat for animals and plants through wetland restoration and forest protection. It will form a recreational sightseeing line linking the Oxbow Lake and the ancient city. Our design evolves with natural processes and presents different responses in different period. Finally, the ability of responding to disasters in this region will be improved, and a sustainable and green industrial structure will be formed.


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards

3RD PRIZE UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

BLUE BARRIER Located in Ecuador, South America, Guayaquil is known as the ‘coastal pearl of the Pacific Ocean’. Recent years, Guayaquil is suffering from seasonal flooding and seawater encroachment caused by the rising sea levels. A large number of farmland was abandoned because of soil salinization. The coastal pearl is gradually fading. The severe flooding not only has caused serious economic loss but also been a threat to urban security.

PRIZE JURY CITATION: In this project, a range of ecological processes were explored. The students attempted to forecast the future transformations which although very important, would not likely be accurate as shown. The jury notes that although the students proposed absolute solutions, nature actually has more subtle transitions. The jury noted that the project tried to reflect this in the patterns, rather than seeking an engineering solution. The jury thought that the key messages did not come through clearly due to too much information being presented.

Ge Yunyu, Li Wanyi, Ye Kemo, Shao Ming, Wang Yuhong Beijing Forestry University, School of Landscape Architecture, Beijing, China University of Virginia

2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards

Based on the respect of natural forces, we establish an ecological cycle system. In the current site, due to the serious salinization and deserted farming in Guayaquil, the abandoned farmland was reorganized to form levels of depressions to store and purify floodwater. High-permeability soil encourages freshwater runoff to infiltrate through depressions to form an anti-salt barrier zone, the blue barrier. The difference of concentration between freshwater and seawater effectively prevent the seawater encroachment, which mitigates the problems of seawater encroachment and urban flooding at the same time. Except for solving the urban problems, this design provides possibilities for the development of the city. The upstream sediments brought by runoff will accumulate in abandoned fields, forming secondary forest belts and native wetlands, providing room for urban expansion; The evaporation in the depressions increases the salinity of the soil and water, providing a natural environment for the white shrimp aquaculture industry which promote the further development of the Guayaquil economy.


student awards diploma category


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards

1ST PRIZE DIPLOMA CATEGORY

NOT AWARDED PRIZE


Sino-Singapore Friendship Park Tianjin,China

Landscape Architecture Urban Design Creative Ecology Grant Associates Singapore Pte Ltd 67 Tras Street Singapore 079006 T+65 6221 3596 F+65 6221 4272 E info@grant-associates.com.sg www.grant-associates.com


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards

2ND PRIZE

REVERIE, RIVER VALLEY

DIPLOMA CATEGORY

The project site is located within the vicinity of Ghim Moh Estate and Buona Vista, Singapore a dynamic and diverse character of land use, which inspired ambitious master planning in response with complex data, collected through research and analysis. Inclusive of undeveloped land, transportation facilities, landscape areas, water channelling utilities and existing communities; the project was set as a community centred development, which aims to aid disintegration of multiple disciplines. These carries the project focus on human behaviour, social connectivity, urbanisation, cycling and personal mobility network, nature conservation, and habitat creation. Reverie, mimics nature fantasy where all celebrates the parts and pieces of nature euphoria. The slightly undulating terrain of the site strengthen the character of an interesting topography with water body. The landscape expression is explored in different aspects using the charm of river valley as the inspiration for various spaces with a twist of modern fusion. Reverie is the central urban landscape around Buona Vista estate that is connected, legible and responsive to the site, streets, and the overall neighbourhood. It also includes an immersive river as the spine of nature.

PRIZE

The use of water, geology and sympathetic urban programming demonstrated effective connectivity between communities and their environment while improving accessibility throughout the site and encouraging active lifestyle among communities.

Teng Guan Jun

Singapore Polytechnic, Singapore

2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards

Finally the framework for spatial quality ‘reveal, retreat and revive’ showed how Reverie strategically interpreted at the urban surface, in celebration of water, geology and urban programming which unites the qualities and character of the existing urban fabric.


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards

3RD PRIZE

GREENSPIRATION The site is located at the western part of Singapore stretching across Ghim Moh to Rochester. The community-based project focuses on connecting the new and existing spaces within the residential to commercial areas. To connect users within and beyond the site, the design serves to promote walkability to public transports, improved bicycle route and nodes for services and convenience.

DIPLOMA CATEGORY

PRIZE

The site needs more shared spaces for sense of ownership, to encourage active and sustainable use of public spaces. Addressing the situation, Greenspiration hopes to bring users beyond the mundane norms for a liveable environment where spaces are designed according to the community’s needs, culture with new and enhance activities in an approach that not only to improve social cohesion, also, for comfort in space for retreat to support restoration for an individual or group.

See Toh Pei Xin,

Singapore Polytechnic, Singapore

2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards

Hence, Greenspiration emphasis is the importance of the active and sustainable use of public spaces within reach for diverse users coming from all directions. The obvious task is to activate the community and the whole Ghim Moh and Buona Vista neighbourhood with functional green spaces. However, it is not only the spaces fully engaged urban environment with the living landscape to reconnect users with the surrounding nature, which is often neglected by the fast-paced society. Greenspiration aims to explore placemaking to improve social cohesion and support their needs, culture and built lifestyle, to engage urban environment with living landscape and enhance biodiversity and create destination with improved circulation that will engage and influence healthy lifestyle.


student awards university - SHOrtlisted


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

FROM ZERO TO MILLIONS

The rapid development of the economy and effects of urbanization have caused greater land to be used for the accelerating needs and demands of society. Among the issues in Sri Lanka include clay mining and sand excavation, which has resulted in extensive environmental deterioration. Clay and sand are used in clay production industries and for construction purposes. However, extensive mining has caused defects on the land. This project attempts to explore the ways to convert a dead land in Dankotuwa, Sri Lanka to make the wetland system beneficial to the immediate community and the country. Located on the edge of the MaOya water body, the site originally used for paddy cultivation, is now abandoned with unsafe clay pits as a result of clay mining. It has now begun its journey of natural succession with surrounding vegetation encroaching the land. The best way to restore land is to leave it alone or help it recover in small ways, however it is a time-consuming process. Hence, the project aims on a more effective process of rehabilitation through the creation of a wetland in the degraded clay mining land, to restore it and create a sustainable ecosystem. The design proposes a rehabilitation of the clay quarry and mining areas as a wetland system, with a research facility to give public awareness of the landscape and wetland

Pushpike Lahiru Meegoda

University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

FROM EARTHQUAKE TO WATERQUAKE

The project is located in Fengnan District in the eastern part of Hebei Province, China. It is one of the hardest-hit areas in the Tangshan earthquake. The conflict between the supply and demand of water resources in this region has become increasingly prominent and the water pollution problem has become increasingly serious. Due to the nearby industrial wastewater discharged from industrial enterprises such as steel and papermaking, as well as the domestic sewage discharged by residents and government organizations and catering services, the turbulent stream in the area has become a sewage channel, and the color and odor of the river water seriously affect the surrounding environment and pollution of the city. groundwater. The landscape planning and design of this project focuses on long-term landscape succession, and it will quickly recover and regenerate in the future. This will require solving new problems that are constantly changing, and exposing people’s use of nature at the present stage, transforming nature, demanding resources from nature, and obtaining wealth. Ignoring the counteraction of the environment on human beings, and taking care of one’s actions, one cannot achieve the harmony between man and nature. From the microscopic point of view, we use existing resources as much as possible in the design to reduce damage, improve water use efficiency through a series of technical measures, and reduce the discharge of wastewater, and establish stormwater management systems in the form of points, lines, and surfaces. Reduce surface water pollution and water resources waste.

Juan Ye, Yang Wen, Jing Li

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

GONE WITH THE WIND - USING LANDSCAPE TO RESIST TYPHOON Shenzhen, as a megacity on the southern coast of China, has been affected and hurt by typhoons all year round. In September 2003, No. 13 typhoon Du Juan crossed Shenzhen, killing 22 people, causing hundreds of injuries, severely damaging urban infrastructure and direct economic losses of 36 million dollar. Shenzhen Bay, the southern barrier of Shenzhen, has its coastal ecosystem damaged by urbanization, making it easier for typhoons to invade Shenzhen. However, with the intensification of global climate change in the future, the region’s defense against more frequent typhoons will face enormous challenges. In order to improve the typhoon adaptability of Shenzhen Bay, we proposed a new concept for comprehensive defense and utilization of typhoons, aiming to establish an ecological, multi-layered and sustainable elastic landscape system. This is a brand new coastal infrastructure project that withstands typhoons. First of all, we have improved the public space along the coast. This will provide the city with a huge amount of water storage space. Secondly, re-combing the coastline, establishing an ecological floating island, and increasing the area of mangrove forests along the coast, so that mangrove plants can more effectively withstand the intrusion

Wenchan Xu, Junchen Zhao, Wengui Ren

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

RESILIENCE REGIONS IN URBAN ECOLOGICAL FOOD CHAIN The proposal is based on the background of high density of cities caused by the rapid urban expansion at present, and selects Dongsanyao area as the design base. This area concentratedly reflects urban expansion issues, while it remains a painful disease for urban development. Due to the abnormal reduction of farmlands in urban expansion, green lands and public spaces are drastically in short. Finally, the design adopts the approaches of replacing planes with stereoscopic buildings and replacing green lands with farm villages for the re-construction of urban villages. In terms of space, it adopts vertical greening to use spaces high-effectively, resolving the problem of no green lands being assigned under the high density of buildings. In forms, farm villages resolved the problems of reduction of farmlands caused by urban expansion, the short supply of food, and green produces are seriously in short. In commercial modes, it retains commercial streets and adopts farm villages to realize the sharing of technologies and economies, thereby achieving scale development. For ruined lands, it effectively connects urban village roofs with the ruined lands on the ground, and selects building stairs as public traffics.

Zhenxing Jia, Jiao Wei, Yanan Nie, Chunyu Ren

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE FLEXIBILITY OF MOUNTAINOUS CITY

The Flexibility of mountainous City With the development of human society today, the original ecological environment has been destroyed. This base is located in Chongqing City, mountain city, where is located at the junction of the Yangtze River and the Jialing River. The landscape here is peculiar, there are many mountains, and the land utilization is low. Taking into account the development of local cities and the advantages of abundant water resources in coastal cities, We will make use of water resources and urban space rationally, link neighborhoods and households, increase outdoor structures, and set up ecological landscapes so that water resources can be fully utilized and gradually grow under the catalysis of time, forming a green belt among neighborhoods. Through human participation in natural evolution, the relationship between land nodes is strengthened, and new vitality and vitality are brought to the city, resulting in a better culture. By linking the city with the riverside, a complete cultural landscape space experience zone is formed while achieving the intensive use of space.

Nan Ding, Xie Xi, Yudan Wu

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

PLANT FROM PLANT

It is found that the unsustainable mode of production of non-renewable resources in oilresource cities often leads to many environmental problems through the investigation of the way of exploitation. With the continuous relocation of oil extraction sites, abandoned workers ‘houses gradually occupied a large amount of land area, and at the same time caused ecological difficulties in restoration, leading to the continuous degradation of the ecological environment. And how to change this vicious circle of “factory migration” and transform it into a positive, recyclable and sustainable mode of production has become an urgent problem.This design plan attempts to solve the phenomenon of traditional “relocation of factories and people” and leaves abandoned houses in a prospective design method. The oil belt around Karamay City, Xinjiang, China is the design site. And consider the environmental issues surrounding the site. From the design of a completely new living environment to a new community living model, and from the time axis to clarify the difference between this community living model, that is, from the abandoned housing to the ecological greening of the transformation. And with the passage of time, the ecological value of its architectural form and residential model will gradually be reflected, and the ecological greening of residential areas will form an ecological forest belt. Finally, the ecological problems brought about by the artificial unreasonable exploitation of the oil belt will be completely improved, that is, the transformation from production to ecology will be completed.

Tao Sun, Lingya Li, Yuzhen Liu

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE 0-BASE POSTINDUSTRIAL PARK

The O-Base Postindustrial Park Shougang is located in Shijingshan District, Beijing, China. Steel production has been underway since 1919-2010 and was relocated in 2011. Our design aims to transform and reuse the landscape architecture space in Shougang that has been abandoned at the current stage. We have proposed the concept of “zero base” to separate the human activity level from the soil remediation level to accelerate the remediation of metal pollution in the site. In order to achieve the goal of carrying human activities in the future, we will create a resilient landscape with stronger bearing capacity. The future landscape will incorporate human science and technology to predict the future social form and build rich and interesting high-tech landscape sites on the site.

O-base pipeline

Shougang is located in Shijingshan District, Beijing, China. Steel production has been underway since 1919-2010 and was relocated in 2011. Our design aims to transform and reuse the landscape architecture space in Shougang that has been abandoned at the current stage. We have proposed the concept of “zero base” to separate the human activity level from the soil remediation level to accelerate the remediation of metal pollution in the site. In order to achieve the goal of carrying human activities in the future, we will create a resilient landscape with stronger bearing capacity. The future landscape will incorporate human science and technology to predict the future social form and build rich and interesting hightech landscape sites on the site. In the future venues, we have added more functions in the restored soil, using the plant and building structure to build a futureexperienced technology park. Let people experience the rich experience brought by science and technology and the future solar system social order. For example, simulating space weightlessness in tall towers and pools, experiencing interstellar life at zero interfaces, and simulating space weather in landscape sites.

Before building the factory, the area is iron mine. While expanding many times, the problem has also increased. The problem is polluted soil, abandoned factories, and reduced per capita green space caused by population increase. We propose to build the factory as a park and use the O-base pipeline to repair heavy metal soils.

Vertical multi-layer pipeline tour system

Wetland pipeline tour system

On-site pipeline tour system

Analysis of landscape restoration methods

Wetland landscape treatment

Plant landscape treatment

Microbiological landscape treatment

Underground leaching landscape treatment

Analysis of 0-Base pipeline system

Underground pipeline system

Vertical multi-layer pipeline tour system

Yongding River

Wetland pipeline tour system

On-site pipeline tour system

Underground pipeline system

Yiwen Du, Jiafei Li, Yuhui Gao, Tingyong Liang

Beijing Forestry University, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE SELF-REPAIRING METHOD TO NATURAL DISASTERS AND ECOLOGICAL DETERIORATION IN THE URBAN SECTION WEIHE RIVER,SHAANXI PROVINCE The urban area of southern Wei River is an important corridor for flood control and drainage in Weinan City. As a seasonal river, floods occur frequently in summer, and shortage of water is severe during the dry season. Currently, the water is badly polluted and contains large portion of sediment. How to solve the effect of sediment deposition in landscape? How to mitigate and prevent the impact of floods in the reconstruction and construction? Flood resolution strategy. 1. Excavation of two continuous wetland forests, turning the “Project Water” into “ecological”; 2. Construction of tributary wetland system, dredging the flood and silting water; 3.Introduction of wetland production, to construct an infrastructure system instituted of “ecological channel + fields + ponds + forest network”; 4. Based on the present status of the site boundary, a series of design guidelines are put forward, with the core issue as softening bulkhead and the restoration of the tidal flat wetland. The original defective hard embankment will be replaced with the sand dune with the sand fixation plant. Elastic interface is used to cope with tidal changes. At the same time, The remnants of shells and mud snails in the site are used to promote the silting tetrahedron through the Simple Engineering Technology Guide, to promotes the natural work, and utilize the tidal accumulation ability to facilitate the sediment to gather into the island, so as to shape the change abundant natural habitat.

Yangyunyue Ma, Xuehui Yi

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Huaqing College


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

LEVELED ECOLOGIES: PRODUCTIVE LANDSCAPE THROUGH NEW PAIDER SYSTEM Traditionally, the land around Taihu Lake basin is a flood plain. For thousands of years, people have been farming through polder. In recent decades, the traditional polder method has been destroyed by the continuous expansion of the city. At the southeast of Tai lake, a piece of reclaimed agricultural and industrial land, is under urban development pressure and suffers from poor ecological management. By employing traditional means to serve present and future, the aim of design is trying to use landscape as a medium to reinvent the old leveled polder system to create productive polder landscape which integrates textile industry, ecology and everyday living. The main production streamline of textile industry is arranged from low to high: from raw material to primary processing, and then to finished product processing to form a complete industrial chain. In this process, a central theme to the new polder system is water purification. The pollution degree is purified from high to low levels. In ecology, the pollution degree is purified from high to low levels, throughout the process, different water levels will be introduced, which ensures that there are good human settlements and ecological environment. In everyday life, we improve local people’s living standard of the three polder areas by building landscape infrastructure and promoting rural tourism. Finally, a new productive polder landscape is formed throughout the region.

Pengfei Dai, Yuhong Liu, Ting Jiao, Xiangfei Gao

Gold Mantis School of Architecture, Soochow University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

KAMPHAENGPHET RESILIENT CULTURAL AND INFRASTRUCTURE

KAMPHAENGPHET SPORT COMPLEX

KAMPHAENGPHET RESILENT CULTURAL AND INFRASTRUCTURE PING RIVER FLOOD PLAIN RESTORATION HISTORIC VALUE

1

Kamphaengphet city is one of UNESCO world heritage in Thailand where has a long and important history. In the past thai people usually settler around riverside where easy to transportation trading and living. Same as Kamphaeng Phet that growing with river since 700 years ago to present. This city has a lot of cultures, tradition with river and also unique architecture. All of these are the historic value of Kamphaengphet.

CITT INTERCHANGE AREA

COMMUNITY

FUTURE FLOOD PLAIN

2

KAMPHAENGPHET SPORT COMPLEX

3

COMMUNITY

FUTURE FLOOD PLAIN

4 5

URBAN SPRAWL

PING RIVER FLOODPLAIN RESTORATION

Kamphaengphet located in a low land of Ping River that water can flood but now urban sprawling has intruded into Kamphaeng Phet historic site and also ping river where the history of city start. Because of that waterway is decreasing. water can’t flow as natural dynamic. Eco-system has changed. lead to many instability problems such as erosion, river sedimentation, and flood. This area will be a natural disaster in the near future. The city will be affected and also World heritage site.

SUB - URBAN WATERFRONT

URBAN WATERFRONT 6

7

8

CITY INTERCHANGE AREA STATION 1

KAMPHAPHET SPORT COMPLEX

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KAMPHAENGPHET RECREATION PARK

RECREATION PARK CITY LAWN

COMMUNITY

10

FUTURE FLOOD PLAIN 11

KAMPHAENGPHET UNESCO world heritage city located in a low land of Ping River. Nowadays urban sprawling intruded into the river’s floodplain which decreased a waterway area. Water can’t flow as natural dynamic. Lead to instability problem. According to water level rising. This area will be a flood risk area in the near future. To preserve the heritage and restore eco-system. The design concept is “cultural infrastructure”. First, Green-blue infrastructure development. Create a green network to merge public area and urban to one green area to reduce a density around the inner of the city area. Also be a resilience area for urban sprawling. This network and waterfront not only create a new flow of people but also serve as a water network in city scale. With bio-swale, detention pond. It can manage and store runoff water from the city before it flows into a river. At waterfront. Dam and contour level was developed to restore a floodplain in a sustainable and natural way which also determine a new flood area and adaptable to different water level. Besides, new dam will provide erosion and river sedimentation protection. In flooding season the river will receive more floodplain and flow more effectively. Furthermore, this design will help the city last at least next 200 years. Second, Cultural development. The green network also uses as recreation area to encourage local’s everyday life and their unique culture. At last, The Infrastructure will create a balancing point between sustainable development and culture that encourages each other.

12

1974

2008

1981

2014

2018 - FUTURE

RIVERFRONT MASTER PLAN 100 1 5000 200

COMMUNITY

RECREATION PARK

13

1 CITY INTERCHANGE AREA STATION 1 2 SPORT SCHOOL 3 KAMPHAENGPHET SPORT COMPELX 4 CITY FLEXIBLE LAWN 5 AMPHITHEATHE 6 RECREATION PARK 7 WATER RECRATION CENTRE 8 KAMPHAENGPHET ART MUSEUM 9 LOCAL SHOP ART SCHOOL 10 CONTEMPORARY ART MUSEUM 11 KAMPHAENGPHET COMMERICAL DISTRICT 12 PIER 13 PING RIVER ECOLOGICAL ISLAND 14 CITY LINEAR PARK 15 CITY INTERCHANGE AREA STATION 2

FUTURE FLOOD PLAIN

14

15

AMPHITHEATURE WATERFRONT

NATURAL RECREATION WATERFRONT

CITY LAWN 50

25

WATERFRONT RECREATION

0

KAMPHAENGPHET COMMERCIAL DISTRICT

CITY COMMERCIAL AREA

KAMPHAENGPHET ART MUSEUM

REMOVEABLE ARCHITECTURE ADAPT TO FUTURE FLOOD PLAIN REMAIN EXISTING USING

HISTORIC TOWN MOAT

CONCRETE DAM

BIO SWALE

CULTURAL AREA

FUTURE FLOOD PLAIN

DETENATION POND

KAMPHAENGPHET ART MUSEUM

CITY COMMERCIAL AREA

ENCOURAGE LOCAL’S LIFE

FLOOD AREA IN KAMPHAENG PHET

HISTORY : WATER MANAGEMENT BY INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE

PRESENT : WATER MANAGEMENT BY DAM

PRESENT: SEND THE WATER TO OUTSIDE OF THE CITY BEFORE FLOODING

FUTURE PLAIN FUTUREFLOOD FLOOD PLAIN BIO SWALE

MORE PUBLIC CIRCULATION NEW FLOW OF THE CITY

PING RIVER FLOOD PLAIN

GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE

BEFORE URBAN SPRAWLING

REDUCE DENSITY OF URBAN USING PING RIVER

MARKET RIVERFRONT

NATURAL ART PERFROMING RIVERFRONT

KAMPHAENGPHET HISTORIC TOWN

CONTOUR LEVEL

DETERMINE NEW FLOOD PLAIN

AFTER URBAN SPRAWLING PING RIVER

KAMPHAENGPHET HISTORIC TOWN

KAMPHAENGPHET ART MUSEUM

INSIDE OUT

NIGHT MARKET

LINK WITH NEIGHBORHOOD

PING RIVER ECOLOGICAL ISLAND

ISLAND CONTOUR DEVELOPMENT LET THE WATER FLOW INTO ISLAND TO RESTROE RIVER FLOODPLAIN AND URBAN ECOLOGY AND FLOW MORE EFFICEINTLY IN FLOODING SEASON

RESILENT CULTURAL AND INFRASTRUCURE LEVEL OF WATER +74.00

LEVEL OF WATER +75.00

LEVEL OF WATER +76.00

FUTURE WATER LEVEL

PRESENT FLOOD PLAIN

NATURAL ART BEACH RIVERFRONT

GREEN NETWORK DEVELOPMENT

ECOLOGICAL WATER BREAK WATERFRONT

RIVER FRONT - PING RIVER ECOLOGICAL ISLAND

COMTEMPORARY ART MUSEUM

100 YEARS FLOOD PLAIN

REDUCE DENSITY IN THE INNER CITY + NEW FLOW OF PEOPLE

CITY LINEAR PARK

WETLAND

FUTURE FLOOD PLAIN

FUTURE FLOOD PLAIN

200 YEARS FLOOD PLAIN

COMTEMPORY ART MUSEUM

FUTURE FLOOD PLAIN

WALKING TRAIL

WETLAND

FUTURE FLOOD PLAIN

CITY PLANING MASTER PLAN ENCOURAGE CULUTRAL LIFE AND TOURISM

FLOOD PLAIN RESTORATION FOR URBAN SUSTAINBILITY

Chanasorn Sornsukolrat

Chulalongkorn university


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

SPRAWLING PLAQUE

Nansha Dahu Island, which has gradually disappeared from industrialization is the subject of research. A planning concept centering on the context of water was proposed. The plan built a self-healing ecosystem through planning and landscape design strategies, and locally repaired the Dahu Island water environment as a test matrix, simulating the self-healing ability of the elastic landscape from the five landscape strategy modules. And use this as a subsystem. Atthe same time, the landscape of the wetland scattered in Nansha District is divided into three levels, from the point to the surface, to build a new landscape system, thereby alleviating the series of problems caused by the value conflicts between farming civilization and industrial civilization. To transform into an effective organizational landscape, form a landscape system with self-repair and adaptation to the future.

Xie Rongrong, Wu Xiaotong, Zhang Yubing Guangdong University of Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

EASTERN SARUS CRANE RESERVATION & SUSTAINABLE UTILIZATION OF HUAI CHORAKHE MAK'S WETLAND, THAILAND The Eastern Sarus Cranes (Grus antigone) are one of animals that are quality indicators of wetland ecosystems. The cranes had used to be extinct from Thailand due to the growth of cities and residential areas which have affected the area between land and water that have been dramatically reduced. Although, with collaborative assistance of the local communities, the conservation organization, and the local irrigation department, the experimental “Releasing Cranes Back To The Nature Project” can effectively increase the number of the Crane in the natural wetland and reservoir area for irrigation and agriculture. This project provides well successful, the cranes can naturally reproduce while the residential area keep expanding up continuously. This project offers guidelines to encourage restoration of the intrusive and developed wetland which have caused dramatic changes and decreasing of wetland’s conditions, and define conservation area of the wetland for re-habitation of Eastern Sarus Cranes. Moreover, the project includes creating conservation and restoration areas for reintroducing Eastern Sarus Cranes before releasing them back to the nature, and also making the area as the natural learning resource and being used by local communities sustainably provided the natural dependence and reuniting between the communities and nature. This project offers guidelines for integrating and managing the wildlife conservation area where area located nearby the residential area, and stimulates the modification of sustainable use of natural resources based on the dynamic of wetland.

Phumon Buaplub

Chulalongkorn university


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY Blue-green Symphony SITEGlobal water shortage distribution High water shortage

2.60 million cubic meter ground water

Beijing

China

EQUATOR

Large area of fast-growing woodland

Hebei Province

1990

Nansha river

5%

SITE

RESOURCE - Rainwater in Wet Season

fast-growing woodland

common woodland farmland

Ecological environmental water use

LOSS OF RESILIENCE

Water Demand of afforestation The contradiction between largescale afforestation and insufficient carrying capacity of water resources leads to the loss of resilience between water resources and green space system.

Avg.

70% of the annual rainfall

Jun.

Greenland in catchment area: 382.8ha Annual storage water:151,4000CBM

Wet season

Dec.

50

100

150

200

250

300

However, despite the shortage of water resources in the region, there will be concentrated rainfall from June to September, that is, the rainy season. In the past two years, the rainfall in rainy season has increased to 520mm, accounting for 78%. of the total annual rainfall.

2020

water demand of different land

Domestic water use

2015 2016

Mon.

2017

High water demand of fast-growing woodland

Agricultrial water use

Carrying Capacity of Water Resource

2020

In order to speed up ecological construction and improve the coverage rate of green space, the local government has carried out large-scale afforestation activities. In order to achieve the effect as soon as possible, numerous fastgrowing trees are planted in woodland, which has become the main reason for the local water shortage.

Industrial water use

20 17

19 90

In recent years, the water resources in the North China plain have been sharply reduced, and the per capita possession of water resources has been less than 300CBM per capita per year. The shortage of water in the site is particularly serious. Especially, the groundwater resources have been seriously reduced, and the groundwater level has decreased by 1.5m per year.

50m

Woodland

Wetlands&Ponds in catchment area:44.5ha Annual storage water:34,6000CBM

LOSS - Low Utilization Efficiency of Rainwater

Low water storage capacity of green space Fragmentation of green space pattern

S

50m

Green Patches

50m

Corridor

Blue Patches

Farmland

Water-saving Community Street

Pits & Ponds

House

Annual rainwater supply:

1,860,000CBM

-1,028,000CBM 2000

2017

D

Single vegetation level

Annual rainwater demand:

2,888,000CBM

Farmland: 54.6 ha Annual irrigation water: 229,000CBM

Plant community type

Orchard: 159ha Annual irrigation water:1590,000CBM

Woodland for production: 140ha Annual irrigation water:840,000CBM

c

Catchment Area

Woodland

FRAMEWORK

补充量 现有供 给量

Rainwater Collection

Habitat Optimization cultural continuance

Rainwater collection system

需水量

Farmland

Woodland for ecology: 94.7ha Annual irrigation water:22,9000CBM

Residential Area

Hypophthalmichthys molitrix

f

Oreochromis mossambicus

b

i

Increase the quantity of water storage ponds

Woodland

Rainwater collection Rain corridor system

Woodland is mostly distributed in catchment area to improve water storage efficiency in wet seasons Adjusting tree species ratio, enriching plant level, and improving rainfall interception efficiency of woodland

Main street

Carassius auratus

Mylopharyngodon piceus

Thalia dealbata

Sagittaria sagittifolia L.

Acorus tatarinowii

Iris tectorum Maxim.

For terrestrial organisms

For aquatic organisms

collected rainwater

h

Ponds

Restore some of the existing ponds into natural form

Habitat corridor

Rainwater corridor

d Hydrologic System

ECO-conservation

Wet Season

Rainwater interception rate

SITE ANALYSIS

Fish breeding

Dry Season

The site is located in the North China Plain with inadequate precipitation. In recent years, the local government has carried out large-scale afforestation to improve ecological environment. On the basis of insufficient carrying capacity of water resources, the increasing water consumption of woodland has surpassed other areas of water consumption, becoming the main reason for local water shortage. So many trees failed to improve the ecological environment, but made it lose resilience. Despite water shortage, there is still lots of rainfall during the wet season every year. However, because of the fragmentation of green space pattern and the single plant level of woodland patches, the green space can not store these rainwater resources to ease the water shortage. As the main part of the green space, the local woodland is not only the water consumption factor, but also the water storage factor. Therefore, the project takes the woodland as the carrier, optimizing the woodland pattern, enriching the plant level of woodland patches, to improve its rainwater storage capacity, reduce the water withdrawal and improve the resilience of the ecological environment. In addition, the project also includes the transformation of ponds, farmland and other green spaces in the site, and watersaving communities design. The innovation of this program is to put water-resource trend and local ecological problem in a comprehensive consideration, and put forward a water-greenland ecological coordinated planning within the range of water carrying capacity.

Forest area: 6.66 million ha

Miyun reservoir

Haidian District

45%

Balance

Strategic planning of resilient ecological structure within the scope of water resources carrying capacity

Large scale of unsustainable afforestation

main water consumption types in SITE

40%

Mild water shortage

Supply exceeds demand

CRISIS - Water Shortage

Blue-green Symphony

Strategic planning of resilient ecological structure within the scope of water resources carrying capacity

What causes local water shortage?

Nansha River Basin

SITE

Moderate water shortage

10%

BLUE-GREEN SYMPHONY

Pterocarya stenoptera

Broussonetia papyrifera

Phragmites communis

Scirpus validus

Iris pseudacorus L.

Biofiltration Wetlands&Ponds

j

Greenland

Annual rainwater supply

Plant filtration

Outdoor

footpath

Indoor

pure water

600,000 1,350,000

Annual amount of water for irrigation

1,950,000 1,939,300 1,150,000

Resilient ecological structure

Secondary street

399,000 163,500

Woodland for ecology

Woodland for production Orchard

226,800 Farmland

g Habitat corridor Habitat system

Corn

e

Wheat

Cabbage

Potato

Paddy

Farmland

Mainly planting Beijing western rice to adapt to wet seasons and continue Chinese traditional cultivation culture

habitat system

overlayed system

Integrated system

a.Prime Farmland

b.Ordinary Farmland

a

c.Orchard

d.Woodland for ecology

e.Woodland for production f.Pond

g.Reservoir Original water system New water system Flood water level in dozens of years Rainwater collection line Potential rainwater corridor

Primary class habitat Secondary class habitat Linear green space Potential habitat corridor

Habitat patch Habitat corridor Rainwater corridor

Residential area Optimized habitat Integrated corridor

h.Wetland

i.Rainwater Corridor j.Habitat Corridor

300m

1

2

Jiazhen Lu

Huazhong Agricultural University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE FOOD CAPSULE A PRODUCTIVE LANDSCAPE PLANNING FIGHT WITH FOOD CRISIS IN YEMEN

Almost all countries in the world are suffering from food crises. Yemen is particularly serious in the Middle East. As one of the Arab cultural circles, Yemen has frequent national wars, declined society, extreme climate, and insufficient fresh water, all people have been indulging in Carter. All of the above has seriously affected the normal operation of the entire country. Program Design: The design project is based on the background of Yemen and selects the bay area—the crater of Aden to use the resilient operation of productive landscape as a means to solve the food crisis and social problems. By summarizing and induction, it proposes social resilience, production resilience, and ecological resilience to vertical interpretation. The vertical functional logic framework mainly uses the cultivation of wheat, corn, potato, and sorghum as the city’s production capsules to form a production unit to meet the extreme hunger children in the region to supplement the lack of energy. Theme Features: Social resilience, production resilience and ecological resilience complement each other and overlay the function, Social resilience satisfies the use within the region, provides outdoor venues for livelihood and recreational activities. Production resilience as vertical planting of crops, maximizes the use of space for food supply, and multiple planting to improve the stability of species relationships among all crops. Ecological resilience creates local micro-climates, improves the environment, complements productive landscapes, and operates together to ensure ecological security.

Chen Xiaoxi, Xie Jin

Southwest Jiaotong University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

WATER AND FIRE IN PEATLANDS

Indonesia has been suffering a series of problems caused by the expansion and monoculture of the oil palm. The traditional slash-and-burn farming practice used in oil palm plantation has severely damaged natural peatlands, causing frequent fires and floods. Meanwhile, the oil palm monoculture made the economy and society vulnerable. The site is in Dumai, Riau, the mid-eastern part of Sumatra, Indonesia. Fires caused by the slashand-burn and floods caused by the destruction of the peatland are its major problems. We seek to find a resilient landscape strategy to increase the city’s resistivity and adaptability to natural disasters and socio-economic changes over time. Our plan is to build two types of dams to block the existing drainage canals. Dams are made of materials on the site into different heights. During the rainy season, some floodwaters will be stored for the fire control in the dry season and agricultural irrigation all year round, the rest will be diverted into the destroyed peatland for ecological restoration. While in the process of restoration, through the intervention of productive landscape strategies, the spatial structure of Dumai will be rebuilt in the mode of “city – plantation - agroforestry system - peatland and forest”, which will lead to a sustainable economic system. As a result, the plan provides a resilient development mode to protect the city from natural disasters, restore the ecology and meet the socio-economic changes.

Xi Zhang, Yuxi Chen, Shaocong Xu, Yuxin Ti, Lulu Xing Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

COTTON REVOLUTION A SUSTAINABLE AND SUCCESSIVE ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION BASE ON COTTON FIELD AND SALINE-ALKALI SOIL IN NUKUS, ARAL SEA AREA

Aral Sea, as the world’s fourth-largest lake. is located in the lagoon of the intersection of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan in central Asia. As a result of the collective agricultural policy introduced by the Soviet Union, lead to sharp reduction of water, the city around the Aral Sea is facing severe ecological crisis, and the port city Mo`ynoq has almost lain waste. Nukus, the capital city, is facing the threat of desertification. These cities will face more problems in the future. In order to solve these problems, we choose Nukus to study and find out the key to this dilemma is the cotton fields that led to water resources shortage and economic disaster, which also bring depopulation and economic decline. Therefore, we focusing on the cotton fields and wasteland, classifying it by this current situation and relationship with adjacent cities. There be some construction plan about city, farmland, resources and nature base on that category. Therefore, several solution ways come out rely on different type and phase, by improving and constructing those land, to forming a stable and flexible system about city and nature, each system is connected and will play an important role in ecological restoration and urban renaissance. Through this system, we intend to find a feasible solution to the crisis in the Aral Sea.

SUMMARY OF ISSUES

NOW

FUTURE

Qianru Zhong, Yixing Ouyang, Shuang Zhi, Miao Zou Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REVIVING FROM WAR RUINS

Project background: Ar-Raqqah in Syria, due to the invasion of “ISIS” terrorism, has become the main target of all military operations. 6000 years of civilization and prosperity were destroyed because of six years of war, with the city devastated, the local residents displaced. Obviously Ar-Raqqah had become a “hell on earth”. Nowadays, after the liberation of ArRaqqah, it has become an urgent problem that how to realize urban renewal after the war of resistance and post war. Issues to be addressed: Serious destruction of urban buildings, water pollution, destruction of grain production, energy scarcity, trauma and terrorism resistance. Main features, innovations: 1. The landscape design is carried out in combination with the frames of different urban site using the construction waste in the ruins of the city as the material. 2. Combine the ruins of war with the urban water system, bring the rivers into cities, and create a new ecological network of blue and green infrastructure. Using urban ruins and water system network as the starting point of urban Renaissance, create a city development mode of survival - production - life - prosperity, to explore a method of stage planning and landscape restoration that can change over time, contribute to the post-disaster reconstruction.

Gao Mengxue, Gao Yu, Sun Rui, Chen Xi , Li Mengjun Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

RESILIENT GREEN CORRIDOR

RENEWAL AND RESTORATION OF URBAN FRINGE AREA IN BEIJING

The planning area is located in Changping District, Beijing, China. Shahe Reservoir serves as the intersection of the Nansha River and the Beisha River. It is the most important water network channel in the northern urban edge of Beijing. In recent years, with the rapid urbanization, the river has been destroyed to a large extent, seriously affecting the urban landscape and ecological environment. This design aims to restore important rivers along the city’s borders and create resilient green corridors. Through the renewal and restoration of border rivers, it maintains the ecology of rivers, removes pollution, embeds green spaces, clears connections with cities, and relocates, transforms, and embeds functions, cleans and integrates space, and gives cities more river boundaries. Functions to create elastic boundaries while protecting the city’s borders and prevent the city from spreading in disorder. We are trying to find a correct model of river restoration and development, which will make urban rivers more resistant to rapid urbanization, and also help the city to renew and repair itself. We hope to make a contribution to the various problems brought by rapid urbanization, and actively explore the responsibility and role of landscape design in ecological environment protection and restoration.

Junwen Jiang, Yuewei Yang, Xuan Wei, Lin Zhang, Kaiwen Yuan Beijing Forest University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THRIVING WETLANDS UPGRADING WETLANDS PROTECTION CAMPAIGN IN RESILIENCE TOWARDS INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION AND NATURAL DISARSTERS

Kaohsiung, Taiwan, used to the colonial of Japan, settled itself to an industrial and harbor city, that endured fast urban sprawl in the last century, and accumulated many environmental problems. Wetlands can be seen as a symbol for Kaohsiung citizens’ awareness of environmental protection, because most existing wetlands are facing or used to face threats by the sprawl of urban construction, but survived due to the efforts of many NGOs. The way to save wetlands is to make them play a much more important function. In this time of general global industrial transformation, like many other cities around the world, Kaohsiung faces the challenge of deindustrialization, together with problems of fierce weather and pollution. In view of the urban scale, scattered wetlands are supposed to be connected as a system together with other GI, to relieve the urban fierce environment and renovate the urban area in multifunction strategies. Through the classification of wetlands and land use, this project draw up three typical areas as models that to discuss wetlands in stand for function of: rural agriculture and tourism, rainwater management and regional weather, seashore ecosystem rebuild and pollution degradation, in concern of general resilience to natural disasters and permanence both economically and environmentally.

Lei Wei, Li Yinong, Zheng Shimin Tianjin University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

HEALING FRACTURED LANDSCAPE

RESEARCH AND ECO AWARENESS LANDSCAPE

RESEARCH AND ECO AWARENESS LANDSCAPE @ BANDARAGAMA, SRI LANKA

Construction of Expressways are the most emerging development tendency in Sri Lanka. With that, there are a lot of environmental and social issues started. General society appreciate the urbanization by ignoring the environmental imbalance. Project formulate to build an awareness among the people about the sustainable land use practice and environmental impact/ Mitigation measures due to the expressway development within Sri Lanka. It also work as a prototypical landscape for restore the existing degraded land forms caused by Expressway projects. Project work as a research and recreational resilience landscape that helps to work with rapid development within Sri Lanka. Project mainly formulate under two stages. Within the first stage of the project general public involve to recover the damage by restoring the disturbed land. After the first stage is finished, A part of land convert in to experiential and recreational landscape that demonstrate how the restored landscape looks like and technology behind to give the awareness and the knowledge about importance of proper land use with care. Concept of the design express the idea the planet earth comes long way by converting into different formations and different formations of organisms. In the present Human are the main key-stone specie and responsible for the land use changes, and its effects. And more importantly responsible for make the changes more sustainable and environment friendly way.Finally design give awareness and practice about the

BANDARAGAMA, SRI LANKA

LOCATION

TIME BASE LAND USE CHANGE ANALYSIS

IDENTIFY THE LANDSCAPE CHANGE BEFORE AND AFTER CONSTRUCTION OF EXPRESSWAY.

2008 DATA

2012 DATA

20 KM

CONTEXT RICH WITH THE HIGH BIO DIVERSITY, INCLUDING FRESHWATER MARSHES, SOLD WATER MARSHES AND VARIES OTHER ECO SYSTEMS.

CONTEXTUAL CLIMATE AND LANDSCAPE HIGHLY CHANGE WITH THE ARRIVAL OF THE EXPRESSWAY

MAJOR ISSUES CAUSED BY EXPRESSWAY SYSTEM

LEAST COST PATH ANALYSIS

LEAST COST PATH ANALYSIS

IDENTIFY THE ANIMAL MOVEMENT PATHS AND DISTURBANCES TO THE STEPPING STONES

IDENTIFY THE SUITABILITY OF EXISTING HIGHWAY CROSSING STRUCTURES USED WITHIN THE CONTEXT, BY CONSIDERING ANIMAL MOVEMENTS BY REFERRING THE LEAST COST MODELING.

PATCH DYNAMIC ANALYSIS CHANGES TO THE ECOLOGICAL PATCHES DUE TO CONSTRUCTION OF EXPRESSWAY

20 KM

N.G. lshika Aroshana

University Of Moratuwa


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

EMOTIONALSCAPE

URBAN COMMUNITY RESILIENCE LANDSCAPE FOR ETHNIC HARMONY HISTORICAL EVIDENCE FOR CO EXISTENCE AND CONFLICTS

Issue: In the most of multiethnic Asian countries, ethnic conflicts and its’ bad impacts on human and nature is a major issue which affects to create massive landscape changes and social instability. Why these conflicts are happening, people are struggling for the right of practice their own believes and customs in public spaces. Where In Sri Lanka, people have experienced lot of conflict situations. Aluthgama and Dhrga Town areas are places where we recently experienced conflict situation between Sinhalese and Muslims with loss of lives and damages to the public and privet properties. Significantly there can be identified ethnic clustering, community Isolation and its bad impact to the society. It should be mitigated future potentials of emerging conflict situations in this landscape creating social resilience common landscape without any dominance for any ethnic group. Why: Main courses for this conflict situations are geographical separation of living ethnic groups (community isolation) and people are going extremism. Community isolation happens when minority do not feel the sense of inclusion in public spaces. Then people tend to create their own clusters. It creates people limited in thinking, attitude wise and it decreases the flexibility and adaptation. People are going extremism because of the psychological imbalances of the people. This project will affiliate people for a common ground giving sense of inclusion for both communities using common appreciation like, Aesthetic appreciation;Diversity of food cultures; Affiliation for sport activities. Creating an emotional landscape to release and neutralize emotions and understand others emotions and feelings. Vision:Celebrate the diversity of traditions and cultures, bringing back human connections to the places enhancing community integration to achieve a collective urban resilient for mitigation of ethnic separation.

COMMUNITY AND ACTIVITY CLUSTERING PATTERN

INTRA CONNECTIVITY AND CONNECTION OF CULTURAL HOT SPOTS

TOURIST ATTRACTION SEASON

TOURIST ATTRACTION OFF SEASON D

D’

IN THE PAST....

THE PROJECT

CULTURAL INTERDEPENDENCE

CURRENT SITUATION....

DEMOGRAPHY STRATEGY OF USER COMBINATION NOW EXISTING CONDITION IS, THE CONNECTION BETWEEN MUSLIM AND SINHALA COMMUNITIES IS NOT STRONG. IT CAN BE FURTHER STRENGTHEN BY GETTING FOREIGNERS AS A THIRD PERSON WITH POSITIVE LINKS. IT WILL ENHANCE THE ECONOMICS OF THE COMMUNITIES AND CREATES NEW WAY OF CONSCIOUSLY INTERACT AMONG MUSLIMS AND SINHALESE WHILE CHANGING THE ATTITUDES OF THE G OTHER ETHNIC GROUP.

CONCEPT CREATING AN

EMOTIONAL LANDSCAPE

WHERE PEOPLE CAN

RELEASE AND NEUTRALIZE

THEIR

EMOTIONS

USING EMOTIONAL FUNCTIONS, USERS, SCALE AND MATERIAL FOR CONSCIOUS

LANDSCAPE INTERVENTIONS

INTERACTIONS OF PEOPLE TO AWAKE HUMANITY AND URBAN SPIRITUALITY LIKE USED IN ANCIENT SRI LANKAN CONCEPT OF “SEEMAMALAKA” TO CREATE CONSTRUCTIVE AND POSITIVE DISCUSSIONS.

FRIENDSHIP PARK

CULTHURAL JEWEL OPEN AIR THEATERR

UNDERGROUND CENEMA THEATER

SECTION DD’ 0

1

3

6m

Clarence Dissanayake

University of Moratuwa


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REBORN FROM WATER RESILIENT PLANNING MODE OF AREAS THREATENED BY FLOODS AND MUDSLIDES IN FREETOWN, SIERRA LEONE

In August 18, 2017, a sever mudslide occurred in Freetown, the capital of Sierra Leone in West Africa. About 800 people were killed and at least 7,000 were displaced, the tragedy lead us to this city with vicissitudes. The disaster was triggered by many reasons, including persistent rainfall, deficiency of water management facilities, soil erosion and deforestation caused by disordered city expansion. Population in Freetown has been oversaturated since the 11-year civil war in Sierra Leone, many people are living in slums and do not have security assurance. Lacking of government city planning, disordered expansion and environmental disruption put residents into a dangerous situation. We take the water as the point cut, based on the local landform and original rivers, create a new resilient system which contains river system design, water level control, new residential planning and land management. We design the check dams and resilient greenspace to enhance the river’s bearing capacity during the rainy season, techniques on soil slope in other green land and residential regions will provide a more stable land than the past. We hope that resilient system can improve the environment after disaster and lead a mode of city construction scientifically, finally provide a stable and safe place for people to live in and promote the development of Freetown.

Zikun Zhang, Hujie Ding Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

"URBAN SCAVENGER"

POVERTY INNOVATION AND RESILIENT COMMUNITY SELFORGANIZATION IN BANGLADESH

Bangladesh is one of the poorest and most densely populated countries in the world. There are many environmental problems. Chandpur faces various nature disaster such as flooding , garbage pollution and tsunami. We are concerned about a group of people at the bottom of society who collect garbage for living. They are dealing with the urban garbage like the “scavenger” in biological world. Due to the high density of the city, they were squeezed to the periphery of the river, which is the most vulnerable place to floods. From bottom to top, we hope the environmental, ecological, social and economic issues could be solved through the strategy of poverty innovation and self-organization pattern, so as to achieve a resilience development. 1, through the garbage classification, waste building materials and even waste tires are used to build river embankment to resist floods. 2, To meet the floating need in residential area, using recycling materials such as plastic bottles、bamboo and wasted fabrics to build houses; 3, By integrating space at the community level, increase three-dimensional greening to achieve an effective improvement of urban environmental.

Luo Junjie, Zhu Liheng, Li Nong

School of Architecture Tianjin University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

GROW FROM MUD

-TIDAL RIVER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR COASTAL EROSION ZONE

Bangladesh is a low-lying country which is rich in water systems. The national economy is dominated by agriculture. The country is often affected by natural disasters and extreme weather. Issues to be addressed Located at the mouth of the Meghna River, Bhola is the largest island in Bangladesh and seriously affected by river erosion and seasonal cyclones. A 4-meter-high seawall has been built for defense. However, the fragile seawall and its inelastic defense model could not resist the erosion of the coastline. It even brings about the problem of soil depletion. The islanders are forced to cut down mangroves for more farmlands. Low production efficiency and fragile ecological environment have formed a vicious circle. Strategy The Tidal River Management System, which is composed of a tidal river, three dikes, a littoral and a polder settlement zone, protects people’s safety and restores farmlands by sedimentation in a resilient way. Innovations Our resilient landscape system is based on the current conditions which could mitigate the negative impacts of disasters and protect people’s living environment in dealing with natural disasters. At the same time, the system formed by borrowing natural forces skillfully could optimize people’s production methods and restore natural ecosystem gradually.

Li Wen, Man Yuan, Qian Leixi, Wang Ziyao, Feng Wei Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

POST-ALAASPRODUCTIVE PERMAFROST LANDSCAPE We focus on Yakutsk, Russia and its surrounding countryside under the general background of global warming. The city, which is based in the tundra, is faced with a number of safety hazards caused due to the melting of permafrost, including flooding, drought and deteriorating infrastructure. The melting of permafrost affects agricultural production, and will also change rural landscapes. We wish to use “resilience� as the design core to help Yakutsk realize the long-term healthy development in the face of the crisis of the melting of permafrost by harnessing the shortterm positive condition as well as providing solutions to its long-term negative effects. Our strategies are embodied by ecological resilience, economic resilience and socioculture resilience. By studying the law of the melting of permafrost and combining the thermalkarst lake system of Alaas landscape to construct a regional ecological security pattern. The best type of combination of plants were selected for Alaas landscape in different habitats to form a permafrost-adaptive plant community. The water resilience of the Alaas Necklace system enables the local herdsmen to continue traditional production and rebuild the traditional settlement civilization and in turn help Alaas realize its cultural inheritance.

Wang Jing, Hu Kaifu, Huang Sihan, Zou Tianjiao Beijing Forestry University


student awards diploma - SHOrtlisted


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

WILD PARADISE OF THE ISLAND

Wild paradise landscape proposal is mainly mangroves conservation project. But at the same time, it will make the path to interact human and nature together. My intention is to offer close up memorable experience with nature and provides enriching nature based experiences for visitors. Madhuwa is an extraordinary island situated in Sri Lanka. It has dense mangroves population. The primary object of this project is to conserve the mangrove and aware people about the value of mangrove conservation. Aim to design a landscape by help of ecotourism practices, which are proceeding today as well. Present ecotourism practice is doing by the village people as their occupation. By observations, it is evident that those ecotourism practices were disorganized. According to those facts, a first intention was to conserve the mangrove ecosystem by using sustainable ecotourism practices, so that have studied furthermore about the mangrove wetland. Thoughts about mainly landscape design by interacting visitors with the migration birds, Animals and underwater fauna and other who live around the mangrove wetland. Based on that is proposed to implement there are four significant programs in the island according to its geography. Those are the wet walkway, dry walkway, Canopy Walkway, observation towers and cages. Aim to give an excellent experience to visitors by interacting all biodiversity together.

Amarasinghe Arachchige Kushan Maduranga Amarasinghe Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

NATURE OF PLACE

This project is concentrated on how multisensory experiences could be infused in the urbanised community of Singapore. Aimed to investigate distinctive possibilities to create an association between the busy and unstimulating environment of Orchard Road with a selfrediscovery journey through the human senses in serene spaces. Directing them through framing, materiality and geometry without signs or any explanations to evoke their senses and the idea of interest which incites a desire for users to investigate the space through their instincts from various sections focuses and close with a meeting ground for individuals of various beliefs to share a contemplative space. The point of the imagined space is meld human desire with the current nature in setting and for them to recognize the change in involvement prior and then afterward. The proposed design is an urban sanctuary which would help back off the rapid stream of circulation between Orchard road and Dhoby Ghaut, sustain the spiritual and physical prosperity of individuals and introduce reforestation to the site to help cool down the urban heat.

Abdul Hakeem James Hausley Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

LOOK OUT, LOOK UP

Due to a rapid urbanisation and industrial development, Singapore lost most of its original natural habitats and primary forests. Primary forests were home for a rich ecosystems and biodiversity that in now for a great part extinct in the mainland. This has negatively effects on Singapore’s ecological balance. What’s left in Singapore is mostly secondary forest with limited value in terms of biodiversity. Pulau Ubin is seen as a sanctuary where both communities and biodiversity can thrive. Nevertheless, the island was also affected by development. Some ecosystems are degraded due to human traffic from tourist and locals that enjoy hiking and sightseeing in Pulau Ubin. Pollution also has a great impact in the health of the biodiversity on the island. The project aims bringing back the lost migrant bird species and extinct butterfly through landscape design and the integration of key flora species. The site is an adjacent area of land that touches the Pekan quarry, which is one of the main tourist attraction in the island. The project is divided in 2 main areas. The hill area is dedicated to the nurturing and observation of butterflies with different level of topography. The second area includes a building composed of two volumes that overlooks the Pekan Quarry. The spaces also allow user to have different views that the user want to see. The aim of this building is to bring people closer to biodiversity and host spaces for bird watching. Individual cubes are stacked on top with different angles for those who wants to bird watch in different ways with multiple different views. This building also provides spaces for education and public activities.

Yeo Zhen Hao

Temasek Polytechnic


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

VERDANT VISTA

The project site is located along North Buona Vista Road, Singapore and is next to the Buona Vista MRT Station. It is very close to Star Vista, a civic and cultural, retail and entertainment building. Opposite the major road are office buildings for business, industrial park, research and development, and the HQ for Ministry of Education. To address the connectivity to both sides of the road is a challenge. In addition, most of these buildings have with small pockets of landscape spaces. Hence, Verdant Vista is designed mitigate these issues by creating a central connectivity node that provides convenience, destination and interests to the users. Creating landscape space such as sensory garden and other theme gardens offer variety of spatial experience for the users to enjoy. Every space is created to meet the needs of the diverse communities. Cyclist and pedestrian are able to enter the site safely from the vehicular traffic. Verdant Vista will be the new landmark in Buona Vista district. It consist of integrated mixeddevelopment consisting of two green tower buildings and landscape activity spaces showcasing new technology and green initiatives for outdoor spaces forming a 24/7 thoroughfare linking Buona Vista MRT and a public park. This public park also provides link for the community or pedestrians via the proposed community Link underpass at Buona Vista MRT to linear park with a challenging design with the existing change of level and consideration for ease of maintenance access and universal design.

Stephanie Wong Jia Sin Singapore Polytechnic


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

PENDULUM

The proposal focuses on creating a community garden cum park integrated to the railway corridor adjacent to Ulu Pandan Community Centre in Singapore. The site is located at Ghim Moh Road next to Ulu Pandan Community Center and a roadside bus terminal. Opposite the site is the Ghim Moh Market & Hawker Centre, home to some famous local delicacies. With these diverse civic amenities, one of the main challenges is connectivity. Unlike the other surrounding neighbourhoods Holland Village and Buona Vista which are celebrated with continuous changes, Ghim Moh estate is a comparatively quiet enclave trying to hold on to its history and is very much connected with nature. Hence, revitalising is a challenge that it has to maintain its sense of place while creating cohesive community spaces and seamless connection with the diverse civic amenities around it. Pendulum is the pulse of a healthy lifestyle of the communities at Ghim Moh estate. Enlivening the rhythm with new interlinked inclusive spaces, inspiring and energising the communities through diverse recreational activities for bonding and bringing out the roots for future resilience. The community centric design has juxtaposed multi-level recreational facilities with inclusive design as part of the pedestrian and cycling network. It also enables the people to reconnect with nature through spatial experience with the native flora and fauna, develop skills through activity involvement. Lastly, the introduction of ABC water features is not only for habitat creation and for water efficiency but also for enhancing Ghim Moh’s identity.

Janice Yap Yee Xian

Singapore Polytechnic


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

PAUSE

The project site located at Buona Vista in Singapore, which is an existing public realm underpass that serve the nearby residents and connects them to the Buona Vista MRT and Biopolis area. The site is undulating with several areas having slopes ranging from approximately 20 to 45 degrees. Within the site there also exist a big concrete canal, series of ramps and steps adjacent to north Buona Vista Road. These are few of the many challenges of the site together with the obvious main issue on connectivity. Moreover, there is no cycling path disabled access for the underpass. Besides that, safety of the underpass during night time is also one of the issue. PAUSE took all these site flaws and issues as an opportunity to provide enjoyable and relaxing pockets of places for relaxation within the extremely busy and fast-paced Buona Vista MRT station, which serves diverse communities within the area. The idea is to create a Pause moment to keep the precious time like each grain of sand in the hourglass. The project also aims to create a sustainable and integrated approach in community development by improving the functionality of the new and existing amenities. Pedestrians and cyclists will be able to enjoy the lush natural environment. ‘Pause’ will also take the opportunity to promote enhancement of bio diversity and other sustainable features. In addition, emphasis to ecological sustainability by providing habitats for variety of native flora and fauna, preservation of existing healthy trees and managing storm water runoff making it possible to integrate ABC waters features in the landscape.

Tee Shu Zie Singapore Polytechnic


Every Design Starts With Lines Every Line Tells Our Story Landscape Architecture . Urban Design . Mast e r p l a n n i n g


participants UNIVERSITY category


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

UNDERWATER TREASURE

Background of the project: Located in the Suzhou District, Jiuquan City, Gansu Province, China, the area is permanently damaged by seasonal floods. Problem:Floods, soil erosion, overexploitation of sand and gravel resources, damage to crops. Project Features:Terrace crop production, downstream river sand filtration, development of flood park.

Yongxin Su, Lijun Zhao; Ran Chang

Guang Dong University of Finance & Economics


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ENERGETIC AND SUSTAINABLE CAMPUS Wild paradise landscape proposal is mainly mangroves conservation project. But at the same time, it will make the path to interact human and nature together. My intention is to offer close up memorable experience with nature and provides enriching nature based experiences for visitors. Madhuwa is an extraordinary island situated in Sri Lanka. It has dense mangroves population. The primary object of this project is to conserve the mangrove and aware people about the value of mangrove conservation. Aim to design a landscape by help of ecotourism practices, which are proceeding today as well. Present ecotourism practice is doing by the village people as their occupation. By observations, it is evident that those ecotourism practices were disorganized. According to those facts, a first intention was to conserve the mangrove ecosystem by using sustainable ecotourism practices, so that have studied furthermore about the mangrove wetland. Thoughts about mainly landscape design by interacting visitors with the migration birds, Animals and underwater fauna and other who live around the mangrove wetland. Based on that is proposed to implement there are four significant programs in the island according to its geography. Those are the wet walkway, dry walkway, Canopy Walkway, observation towers and cages. Aim to give an excellent experience to visitors by interacting all biodiversity together.

Li Faming, Wang Tingting Tianjin Chengjian University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

A MOVING STORY

NGMP at Alagalla Mountain Range, Sri Lanka, an approach for appreciating nature in form of its natural state. Making awareness about natural processes through sequence of spaces to blend man-geo character. The project is based on UNESCO Geo Park concept. Expanding scope to giving an awareness on Earth processes, but to working with communities and giving them opportunities to develop unbreakable bond with significant geological processes, features, periods of time, historical themes to celebrate and get inspired. “Biophilia� is an adaptive connection to the behavior of human. Interpreting different kind of objects and things as its form, is a materializing nature. makes the natural forces more tangible. Biophilic forms are used to make spaces that communicate with people as a strategy. Used GPS as personal way finder through geo-forms. The project is based on the, hidden cohesive connection to the nature with human. The shape and scale of geo-forms are always appeared as kind of an image. Used to get know. The movement of the earth also effects on the definitions made by people, though earth is moving and the definitions must be moved. So the cultural influences. A moving story concept emerged with the ideology of introducing exploratory Geo forms to the users to make unique definitions and to be updated with moving earth while taking a form with features into form with functions. And introducing learn by Experiencing Landscapes to make more resilient community and resilient Landscapes.

Hettiarachchige Pubudu Nipun Hettiarachchi University of Moratuwa


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

BARANGAY + I = BARANGAI

Barangay, a Filipino word referring to local community, mostly infiltrated by the ‘Bayanihan’ spirit that shows the willingness to offer help to others without expecting anything in return. The spiritual custom is symbolized by moving the entire house to avoid floods and also conveyed through communal actions such as farming and building constructions. The project aims to design preventive and adaptive strategy that allows communities to become more resilient in floods in the low-lying rural site. It adopts the social pattern to urban and architectural design as a from-bottom-up intervention led by community force. While the urban design includes the whole process of building community centers and gardens for each block that allows the self resilience within a unit, the architectural design focuses on the underprivileged families living in vulnerable huts that are most susceptible to floods. Before one community unit completely gets improved and perfected, a new unit is again implemented and starts its circle. This social behavior is regarded as a consistent strategy that integrates the community’s cultural identity. Social and cultural values can be optimized by bringing a greater level of flexibility into this living pattern. As a strategy of urban renewal, the design of the resilient circle will gradually change the urban fabric, starting from one fleck, and subsequently spreading out into clusters.

Danyu Zeng, Shiqi Chen, Jieqiang Chen, Jian Huang, Ruinian Zhang South China University of Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

Future development

ADVANCE INTO THE DESERT

NOW

2025

As a long-term plan, the area is brought into a relatively stable state through natural restoration every five years, and then gradually moved toward the desert, minimizing the desert area and restoring grassland to control the destructive force of dust storms.

Grass

Normal grassland

3.What happened here?

Soil Sandy soil Rock

leguminous plant

leguminous plant

1). In previous years, overgrazing due to the pursuit of economic interests caused grassland degradation, and because people lacked awareness of environmental protection, they did not recover the grassland ecosystem in time, which led to the desertification of grasslands.

2030

Degraded grassland

2035

2). People are hunting large-scale predators such as wolves and foxes in order to protect their flock. They cause the proliferation of rodents. They need a lot of food. This exceeds the carrying capacity of grasslands and gradually degrades grasslands into deserts. The original lush grassland turned into a yellow desert.

Planting grass

In the position between each dune we set a square ecological wind wall, made of straw, in which we plant grass, which can effectively protect the pasture before it is rooted.

Resilience Landscape to restore grassland desertification

1.Site

Located in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of China, Wuhai City is located on the upper reaches of the Yellow River and is close to the Yellow River. It is a resource-based city. With the economic development in recent years, the problem of ecological deterioration has been highlighted.

China

1). Frequent sandstorms throughout the year seriously affect the normal life of residents of Wuhai City.

Comparison of the design of sand dunes and biological heights

100cm 90cm 20cm 4).In the tall grassy areas, the number of grassland rodents is very low. This is because tall grasses obstruct their sight, they are not easy to find predators, so for them there are not suitable for living. The sand dunes we designed can control the number of rodents through this feature. We also set up some flat grounds so that we can provide living places for some creatures,the height of the sand dunes can also provide shelter for many creatures, allowing them to feel at ease here,for example, providing habitat for migratory birds.

Prairie rat

Small migratory birds

Large migratory birds

Prairie Wolf

The highest point The highest point of sand of the shrub dunes

People

Wuhai City 4).After harvest, the ground is bare and the wind blows away the soil and nutrients. Sandy soil is exposed to the surface, and many plants can not survive in sand. The water storage capacity of the sandy land is very weak, which further aggravates desertification. At the same time, the reduction of surface evaporation leads to a reduction in rainfall and a vicious circle.

A desert degraded by the grassland

2.Existing problems

175cm 130cm

Ecological wind wall(Made of straw) 3).In order to grow food crops, people cultivated grassland on a large area of reclaimed grassland. However, because of the shallow topsoil, the soil nutrients are very low, and the underlying layer is a lot of sandy soil. After the goods are received in the autumn, there is no covering on the surface and the original grassland is also destroyed.

Ecological wind wall

4-5 years Rotation

Restoring grassland

Degraded grassland

2040

The design is located in Wuhai City, Inner Mongolia, China, on the west bank of the Yellow River, where the original grassland ecosystem was completely degraded into a desert due to the combined effects of human and climate, followed by frequent dust storms, reduced biomass, and reduced income for herdsmen, Yellow River sediment increase, so the entire ecosystem enters a vicious cycle. Issues to be addressed 1. Gradually control desertification and elastically restore grassland ecosystems. 2. Gradually restore grassland soil fertility. 3. Control the number of rodents while providing living space for other organisms. 4. Elastically restore the virtuous circle of grassland ecosystem material and climate. 5. Increase herdsmen’s income through other means. Features The design uses aerodynamic principles to extract groundwater by using the pressure difference generated by the air flow to ensure the normal growth of plants. it uses the set terrain height to control the number of rats and provides living space for other organisms, increasing soil fertility by using rotations of legumes, designed a landscape site to attract tourists and use tourism to increase the income of herdsmen. As a long-term plan, the area is brought

Forage grass

Desert shrub

3).In the back of the sand dunes, we cultivate forage grasses that are stubborn and resistant to drought, and we rotate legumes every 4-5 years to restore the fertility of the soil.

Grass

Northwest wind

2). Bringing a large amount of sediment to the Yellow River each year, so that the downstream Yellow River bed will be continuously lifted, and the risk of dike will be increased.

Space Biological channel

We set up vacant land to provide living space for other living creatures. At the same time, we also ensure biological diversity and maintain the stability of the ecosystem. At the same time, biological pathways have been set up to ensure the exchange of species. Set a pedestrian path along the entire area as the axis of the ecological park

5).Grassland desertification

6.What are the benefits of our design? 1). During the dry season of the Yellow River, it can be reduced sediments to enter the Yellow River. In flood seasons, river banks can be protected to reduce the erosion of water on both sides of the river. At the same time, the risk of river embankments can be reduced, and the Yellow River ecosystem can be resiliently protected.

2).It can possible guide pastoral herders to control grazing and rotational grazing. This will enable the grasslands to be more effectively and resiliently protected rather than blindly limiting or damaging them. At the same time, tourism will be used to increase herdsmen's income.

3).Increase species diversity so that it can increase biological habitats elastically rather than specially setting up conservation areas

4).The frequency of dust storms can be reduced, the ecological environment around Wuhai City can be restored, even promote the restoration of the entire Yellow River ecosystem.

grassland

grazing

3). The desertification of grasslands has caused severe damage to grassland ecosystems and reduced species.

Yellow River

rotational grazing improve

Wuhai City

Yellow River Channel

promote

Rich groundwater

Increased biomass

Moderate groundwater

promote

Low level groundwater

4.So what can we do?

5.This is my design ideas 1).Although the surface is desert, there is no shortage of groundwater sources.. It is close to the Yellow River. Because the sandy soil cannot hold water, it causes drought. Then we need to suck water out of the ground in a natural way. Here we think of the principle of fluid mechanics. No difference in pressure between the upper and lower surfaces will result in different pressures above and below. In this area, there is a strong northwestern wind throughout the year, so that the flow of wind on the surface can cause a difference in air pressure. This can draw water from the deep soil to the topsoil and allow the plants to absorb it. With relatively stable water sources, plants can gradually control desertification.

protection

wooden walkways

1. Gradually control desertification and elastically restore grassland ecosystems. 2. Gradually restore grassland soil fertility. 3. Control the number of rodents while providing living space for other organisms. 4. Elastically restore the virtuous circle of grassland ecosystem material and climate. 5. Increase herdsmen's income through other means.

improve promote increasing income

Northwest wind Estimating the influence scope of the Yellow River underwater seepage based on the soil permeability

Low air pressure

High pressure Desert shrub

Groundwater

Grass

improve

Northwest wind Groundwater 5).In order to reduce the amount of grazing, we set up wooden walkways and rest areas in the area so that it has the function of an ecological park, which can attract tourists to travel here. Herdsmen can increase their income through the tourism industry, instead of just increasing the amount of grazing to increase their income.

Northwest wind 2).If we set up sand dunes in this way, because the local northwest winds prevail, they are easily destroyed by the wind, so we have to ensure that the windward surface has the least resistance. We design the sand dunes as droplets to minimize the erosion of the sand dunes, and the windward side faces northwest, They minimizes wind erosion on the sand dunes, and on the windward side, we plant small shrubs suitable for growing in the desert to reduce wind erosion on the sand dunes while protecting pastures planted at the rear.

attract tourism

Virtuous cycle Yellow River Ecology

Northwest wind

1

2

Zhao Zheng, Gao Jing Lanzhou University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards

REBORN PRAIRIE : FIX YELLOW SAND WITH GREEN

Reborn prairie

02 LOCATION

The most serious problem :Prairie desertification km²

Moderate desertification Serious desertification

1990

1994

2000

2011

2004

Main reason 1:Overgrazing

Sichuan Province After 2000, the desertification in this area became severe and the ecosystem was destroyed.

0

30

60

2016 120

Rebuilt wetland Drainage ditch Rational carrying capacity

A plateau zokor can destroy up to 100 square meters of vegetation.

km²

Crop cultivation

Damaged area

Grass planting area

Linum usitatissimum

2012

2008

2004

1996

2000

1992

1984

1988

1980

1972

0

0

Through the encircling of the sand by green land, the sand is gradually transformed into green land. The green chess symbolizes the grassland and the yellow chess symbolizes the sand.

The grassland spread out at the center of the community. In the process of grassland management, even if part of the grassland is destroyed, the reclaimed grassland will prevent further damage to the grassland. Grassland and yellow sand confront each other and form a kind of dynamic balance. Gradually, grassland replaced yellow sand and resilient landscape formed.

50000

10000

Hordeum vulgare

2010s 2000s 1990s 1980s 1970s 1960s 1950s

N 0m

100m 200m

500m

In the 1960s and 1970s, in order to raise the stocking rate of prairie and the utilization rate of prairie, Ruoergai and other counties digged thousands of ditches in the marshes. Now in Zoige, only 20% of the marsh area is remained.

09 THE PROCESS OF RESTRICTING GRAZING

08 RECOVERY PROCESS

Current situation

Phase 2

0-5 Years

Phase 3

5-10 Years

Phase 4

10-15 Years

The ecosystem is destroyed.

Prairie desertification is serious. Prairie rats severely damaged the prairie.

Sand

Sandy land

Rats damaged area

35% 15%

Wind power

Solar energy

Biogas

2028s

Community

Animal husbandry

Economy

People

2033s

Tourism

Sand control area

Ecology

Sand

Landscape

Yellow River

Engineering measures

Biological measures

Remote sensing

The ecosystem is about to recover.

The wetland system is about to recover.

Economic, ecological and cultural begin integrated development.

Tourism is revitalizing.

Wetland Sand

Weather monitoring

5% Surround the sand, limiting the cattle and sheep to the fence.With the restoration of the grass, gradually open the fence so that cattle and sheep can enter the prairie.

07 SPECIFIC METHODS ① The solutions of prairie desertification.

A

The water is spreading out of the drainage ditch.

Prairie

65% 30%

Luo Cha Village

Finally remove the fence.

Wetland

15%

Entertainment

Gradually open the fence.

Collecting the rainwater Planting aquatic plants

Prairie

60% 25%

Agriculture

Type D

Wetland system begins to recover.

Sand

50%

A Xi pond

Sandy land management achieved initial success. Ecosystem starts to recover.

Wetland

Wetlands

06 CYCLE MODE Rivers

Blocking the drainage ditch with dams.

Feeding cattle and sheep with feed.

Prairie

2023s

New roads

Crop cultivation

11 THE PROCESS OF REPAIRING THE PRAIRIE Phase 1

Wetland 5% 80%

Wetland

10 THE PROCESS OF MARSH RESTORATION

Prairie 15%

Sandy land

Existing roads

Drainage ditch

Pyracantha fortuneana

The area of drained marsh

2018s

Type A

Lycium chinense

Solanum tuberosum

Clean energy area 20000 hm²

15000

05 CURRET SITUATION

Community

Brassica napus

Fence

Main reason 3:Drain the marsh

Green against yellow:

Elimination:

The design idea comes from the rules of weichi.

Distribution area

2000 1000 1976

Zoige County is located at 102°08′-103°39′ east longitude and 32°56′-34°19′ north latitude. It is part of the Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province, China.

Enclosing:

Background Zoige grassland lies in the Yellow River source area in China’s Qinghai Tibet Plateau, with a total area of 53,000 km2. However, due to excessive grazing, rodent damage, artificial draining marsh and other reasons, its ecological environment is becoming bad, and the grasslands are seriously deserted. Now it has become the origin of dust storms in northern China. The site is selected in the A Xi Village of Zoige County, where there are the richest land types. Design intention The concept of “encircling and eliminating” in “weichi” is adopted in the game against yellow sand by using “green modules”. The yellow sand is “encircled” by different green modules, and it is slowly “eliminated” , and restore to grassland and wetland. According to the damage degrees and its causes of desertification, the modules are chosen and arranged flexibly, and the strategy is adjusted according to the evolution of the site. This ancient Chinese philosophy of balances is applied to modern landscape design. Expected target By harnessing grasslands and wetlands, the ecological environment of the whole Zoige area will be gradually optimized. By

Landscape Bridge

Main reason 2:Damage caused by rats

3000

When the Red Army passed the Zoige Prairie, it was called "China's most beautiful wetland prairie." It is undergoing an unprecedented ecological nightmare, and a series of sand scars are spreading in the green. For decades, marshes have been hard to find. The wetland area has shrunk by more than 60%, the grassland desertification area has reached 1053 km², and the grassland desertification is still increasing at an annual rate of 11.65%.

Yellow River

Wetlands

1970s 1960s 1950s

04 DESIGN CONCEPT

The quantity of livestock(Ten thousand)

1990s 1980s

6000 5000 4000

Luo Cha Village

Rivers

90

2010s 2000s

Zoige County

A Xi pond

New roads

Slight desertification

0

After 1990, overgrazing lead to prairie degradation and ecological imbalance.

Fix yellow sand with plants

Existing roads

20 10

Between 1960 and 1970, people drained marsh water and turned marshes into meadow.

Community

The trend of desertification has intensified.

50 40 30

01 HISTORY

In 1935, the Chinese Red Army passed this place.

Reborn prairie

03 PROBLEM AND REASONS China

Fix yellow sand with plants

2016

UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

The reconstruction of the marsh was finally completed.

Shrubs and fertilizer Grass Red willow

13 RESTORATION OF BIODIVERSITY

12 SUMMARY OF STRATEGY

Flowing sand Repair method of flowing sand

Solutions to drained marsh

B

Shrubs

Type C

Grass

Type F

Fixed sand

Solutions to prairie desertification

Wind speed Drainage

Block water flow

Sand

Plant grass

Humidity

Cymbella lunata

Cash crop

Hippuris vulgaris L.

Potamogeton Typha distinctus orientalis Presl

Scirpus Phragmites Equisetum validus communis arvense L. Vahl

Artemisia frigida

Avena Elymus Elymus Ammopiptanthus Rhododendron sativa L. sibiricus dahuricus mongolicus telmateium Linn. Turcz.

Equus caballus Canis lupus Linnaeus

Cash crop

Meat

Solutions to overgrazing Grazing

Restricted grazing

Fixed sand Repair method of fixed sand

Duo Ba Village

Solutions to damage caused by rats

Ecology Lepus oiostolus

Milk

Anser cygnoides

Anas querquedula Japalura flaviceps

Rat

Eagle

Fox

GIS

Anabarilius Procypris rabaudi

Grass Biogas

Sandy meadows

Electric energy Wind energy

Houses

Plant coverage

Cygnus cygnus Mycteria leucocephalus Grus nigricollis

D

A Xi Township

C

Eospalax fontanierii

Electronic equipment

Wetland coverage

Surface Surface Soil moisture temperature reflectance

Solar energy

Nanorana pleskei

Vulture

Aquila nipalensis

Ailurus fulgens

Grass

Flowing sand

TypeG

Myriophyllum Utricularia verticillatum aurea Lour L.

Weather monitoring

Tourism

Pseudois nayaur

A

D

Day length

Stool

Repair method of fixed sand

C

Sandy meadows

Rainfall

Cervus nippon Pseudoxenodon macrops Vulpes ferrilata

Gypaetus barbatus Bos grunniens Grus nigricollis

Mustela nivalis Ochotona curzoniae Marmota himalayana

Rana kukunoris

Upland condition

Psephurus gladius

Onychostoma sima

Upland condition Mesic condition Saturated condition

Repair method of sandy meadows

② The solutions of overgrazing.

Fixed sand

E

Wind energy

Fence

F

Grazing

Rat damaged area

Restricted grazing

③ The solutions of damage caused by rats

Type E

G

Drainage

F

Landscape Bridge

La Di pond Eagle pole

E Eagle pole This is helpful for the eagle's hunting.

Grazing

Fox's nest This is helpful to the breeding of foxes.

Solar energy

④ The solutions of drained marsh

B

Fixed sand

01

Type B

N

Rang Mu pond

G

200m

400m

1000m

Harnessing sand

Fence

Water retaining dam Drainage ditch

0m

Retain water

02

Fox's nest

Wu Yilin, Nie Tianyi, Li Qingyang, Li Shiqi, Li Qing

Shandong Agricultural University, Xi`an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

FLOATING CUBE

The Mekong River is located in the center of the tropical monsoon region of Asia, where species resources are abundant and the temporal and spatial changes of runoff vary greatly. Recently, the construction of hydroelectric dams and reservoirs is putting water resources under pressure. Scholars have found these developments cause flow rate changed, further affecting the water quality and ecological diversity. The decrease in the types and number of fish has caused the collapse of socio-economic structures overly dependent on traditional fishing. In dry season, farmers have no land to cultivate, but in flood season, irrigation agriculture reaps nothing at harvest time. Traditional industries are gradually disappearing with economic development depressed. Therefore, the helpless peasants can only go to excavate sands to live. However, the large-scale sand excavation causes a vicious circle, which affects the life of local residents and undermines the stability of river banks.Therefore the ecological recovery capacity of the river Basin responsing to natural disasters severely weakened. Through these, four representative nodes were selected. Aimed at the different terrain structures and cultures of the Mekong River Basin, four modular

㐀㈀ ㄀㄀ ㈀㘀 ㄀㈀

Zhenyang Wu, Lei Dai, Wenjin Chen

Xi’an Jiaotong University, Nanjing university of technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

BATIK BOUNDARY

Tidal flood is one of natural disaster that happens frequently which caused by several factors such as sea level rise as a result of climate change, land exploitation, massive housings near coastal area, etc. Those factors cause tidal flood often occur especially in Indonesia that known as archipelago country. One of the city that still have on going tidal flood issue is Pekalongan City. Pekalongan city or “Batik city� is world creative city claimed by UNESCO. Flood hazard mapping was developed by integrating GIS operation with DEM Innovation to overcome those problems are integrating water development from upstream to downstream by emphasize the prevention of water entry from sea with dyke and tetrapod as a wave-breaker to protect coastal area from the damage of tidal flood. Supported by mangrove for tourism and ecological purposes, rain garden, canal as retention pond, polder settlement, and river dam. All of those above build water scheme that will prevent the damage of overflowing water not only from upstream but also from downstream. Other than that, innovation is also done on the management of batik waste treatment which is one of the cause of more severe tidal flood, because batik waste able to decrease the ability to absorb water significantly. Innovation for areas that have been flooded and

Anggia Sekar Nurulita, Fahreza Ari Rizkyawan, Khairul Umam, Hapsah Faridah, Taufik Septiyan Maulana Bogor Agricultural University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

UMBRELLASCAPE

This project is defined along Karoun river’s bank which is located in the city of Ahwaz (In south-west of Iran). Karoun over-flows in particular seasons every year. Several dams have been built on the river which have demolished domestic ecosystem. One of the proposes of this project is to resolve environmental problems of the site. Another goal is to deal with challenges of the historical context of the project. This area gained a special importance after construction of Suez Canal, for Karoun is the only river in Iran which is connected to the international waters. Subsequently, city of Ahwaz earned economical values to attract foreigner’s merchant ships. At first, the pier was emerged and then many caravanserais and residents and prosperous bazaars were formed. As time goes by, as a result of Oil discovery, this waterway lost its economic value and eventually, all those river-dependent facilities were deserted and demolished. This project is aimed to suggest resolutions to face destructions of Nature and historical identity disruption in its context. In order to dealing with natural forces such as flood water, resilient landscape was chosen as the main concept and specific parts of the projects were unified with dynamic nature of Karoun. Furthermore, studies have been done to consider historical context which resulted in

Azarnush Amiri

University of Tehran


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ASSEMBLING DESIRES

ASSEMBLING DESIRES PANEL 1

PROTECTED LANDSCAPE AREA CRATERS OF ASTRONI

RESILIENT SOLUTION? ELASTIC STABILITY!

DISTRICT OF BAGNOLI

Depicting peoples wishes and providing adaptability are no opposites of designing (in) a certainshape. Instead they can assemble their strengths and create multitalented, resilient landscape architecture. In Naples district Bagnoli lies the biggest abandoned industrial site of Italy. We strive to reactivate it in many levels, for ecology and economy, local citizens and global visitors. Reconnecting the site with its surroundings is as important as giving the place a new identity and developing its resources.

27 years of inaccessibility of high potential land

NO INCLUSION OF LOCAL CITIZENS !

DISTRICT OF FUORIGROTTA

NO GENERAL STRATEGY !

POLITICS ONLY SERVING PARTICULAR INTERESTS!

MAJOR PROBLEMS AND CHALLENGES

GULF OF NAPLES

In Naples district Bagnoli lies the biggest abandoned industrial site of Italy. We strive to reactivate it in many levels, for people and nature, for ecology and economy, for local citizens and global visitors. Reconnecting the site with its surroundings is as important as giving the place a new identity while identifying, using and developing its potent ressources. Not only a particular, but a whole long-term strategy is needed and necessary.

Unemployment rate Naples 2017: 30,5%

DISTRICT OF POSSILIPO

BAGNOLI

URBAN FOREST PARCO VIGILIANO

NO ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS!

2

[Zeichnungstitel] Maßstab: 1:10000

3,2 m²/0,2 m² public green for every Napolitan/ Bagnolese

NO PUBLIC ACCESS!

NISIDA

A BRIEF HISTORY

Constant development and growth of the site as industry for steel and concrete production, important regional employer and economic flagship of western Naples.

Closing of the factory sites step by step after steel and further economic crisis, loss of thousands of jobs – what is left behind is an enormous assemblage of industrial and spatial heritage.

Turning point and managing decline. Multiple attempts to reactivate and regain the place trough masterplans and architectural interventions. They all fail or get closed by the local government.

1910-1970

1970-1990

1990-2000

CONCEPT

?

?

?

SUMMARY OF PURPOSE – social strategies CONNECT AND UNITE

More and more local people are protesting with great commitment. They fight for the right of participation and demand an opening of the area. They want jobs, housing projects, social spaces and their beach back!

looking into the area from the cultural entrance

DYNAMIC ZONES

– creating new synergies

local actors from all over naples on an autonomous, dynamic open platform

Bagnolese locals & groups

Flexible gardens and open spaces to conquer for local citizens

Biodiversity enhancing successional forest

inhabitants & groups of the dense city center

Fuorigrotta locals & groups

DYNAMIC FRINGE ZONES

PRESERVED CORE IDENTITY

The loop creates new entrances to the city and serves as a comprehensive framework for its inner multi-coded, versatile, intensly programmed and impetus-giving area. As a zoning tool it defines spaces between dynamic and slow transformation potential. Additionally, the unique shape, based on the spatial conditions of the site, provides excellent orientation and creates a new signature.

Framed through the spatial borders of the area and the pioneering loop, dynamic zones with different focuses can unfold. These could for example take place in urban planning, touristic, economic or self sustainable levels. These potent spaces only have a rough set structure and intend to animate local actors to conquer and adapt these places for a dynamic, multi-phased long-term development.

Through the intervention of the loop a worth protecting core of the area is clearly identifiable for the first time. Its iconic identity with huge industrial ruins and characteristic succession zones can be evolved carefully. Here, usage is regulated in a way that prevents further disturbance or harm to Naples most famous expanse.

New city quarter

Boosting local tourism industry New jobs and perspectives

tourists & day trippers

2000-TODAY

PIONEER STRUCTURE LOOP

Urban Agriculture and Agriturismo

inhabitants from the disadvanteged northern quarters

people from the Campania region

Naples new longest public beach

Possible new naples science city Collaborative sustained developments supported by funds and investors

Increasing water quality

INVITING GESTURE of openess into a new space of social interaction

RESISTANT LOOP

– spatial strategies

Lookout

–stimulating pioneer structure

Entrance to area of revaluated industrial heritage

A NEW SHAPE Symbol of change and high recognition value for a new positive spatial branding

outdoor stage

Bagnoli gardens

Possible Start Up City for young sustained industries

City entrance

Bagnoli entrance at cultural centre

Bagnoli

A whole long-term strategy is needed. To achieve this goal, a concept with three major strategies was developed. Each strategy has its own time horizon, but they all act closely together. The loop creates new entrances to the surrounding city and serves as a comprehensive framework for its versatile inner area. As a zoning tool it defines spaces between dynamic and slow transformation potential. The unique shape provides excellent orientation and creates a new signature. Framed through the spatial borders of the area and the pioneering loop, dynamic zones withdifferent focuses can unfold. These could for example take place in economic or self sustainablelevels. These spaces only have a rough set structure and intend to animate local actors to conquer these places for a dynamic development. Through the intervention of the loop a worth protecting core of the area is clearly identifiable. Its iconic identity with industrial ruins and characteristic succession zones can be evolved carefully.

PANEL 2

DEPICTING PEOPLES WHISHES AND PROVIDING ADAPTABILITY ARE NO OPPOSITES OF DESIGNING (IN) A CERTAIN SHAPE. INSTEAD THEY CAN ASSEMBLE THEIR STRENGHTS AND CREATE MULTITALENTED, RESILIENT LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE.

NAPLES PORT

ZOOM IN AERIAL VIEW PLANNING AREA

ASSEMBLING

D E S I R E S

HISTORIC CITY CENTER

Neighborhood piazza

Historic city center and port of Naples

Campus piazza

Beach boulevard

gardening area

public

Succession zone

e

IMMIDIATE USE

ng bridg

le landi

accessab

From pioneer structures to further developent

ZOOM IN

new beach and living breakwaters

new city quarter

Metro/TrainStation

CULTURAL ENTRACE

– ecological strategies RE-SHAPING THE COAST

scale 1:7500

historic cavalry barracks

Recycled living breakwaters with pollutant absorbing algae

Connection to urban metabolism

Open air museum of industrial archeology 1 km continous coastline – Naples longest beach!

swiimming research platform

SUCCESSIVE CORE

- sustainable self-regulation and identity District of Bagnoli

Give the Napolitans their beach back!

redesigned sportspark

science city

Entrance/piazza at science&industry hub

Bagnoli culture center

Fourigrotta

SITE PLAN

District of Fuorigrotta

Exploring post-industrial wasteland

Natural revitalization of disturbed sites Conversion/revaluation (e.g. with pollutant of old building structures absorbing plants/algae)

Viewpoint gulf of naples

DETOX!

ZOOM IN

Nisida

NEW COASTLINE

new industries

Posilippo heights

Hyperaccumulator plants can take up large amounts of metals in their roots. Crop can be used for bioenergy production or reclaiming valuable raw materials.

Sophia Krause

Technical University Berlin


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

HEAL NOT HELL

Heal not Hell

A cleanup response and ecological restoration to oil pollution in Lagos Lagoon

"lagos lagoon retaining belts"

Deducing the plan Wind-Rose diagram

NIGERIA LAGOS STATE

AFRICA

0-0.1m/s 0.1-0.2m/s 0.2-0.3m/s 0.3-0.4m/s

2017

1958

19th century

Lagos Lagoon is a lagoon sharing its name with the city of Lagos, Nigeria, the largest city in Africa, which lies on its south-western side. Lagos Lagoon is also a major harbour for ships importing goods into Nigeria. We pick Makoko,one of the biggest slums in the lagoon area,as a further explanation is not only because it is an high density settlement,but also because people's lives there count on water.

LAGOS STATE

What's the future of lagos lagoon?

1914

LAGOS LAGOON

MAKOKO

we found that the time of simulated oil spill reached the shore influenced primarily by windspeed ,so we got the inspiration from windrose diagram. and we make use of curving space to collect spilled oil because it can offer larger contact area.besides,we designed some platform to transform the recycled oil.

step 1

Coast of Lagos

Layoutzz

Energy sources Lagos lagoon

Electricity

Creat jobs

Gulf of Guinea Certified emosion reduction

green area beach

Colonial period Nigeria continues to grow in population density and urbanization. Urbanization in Nigeria is described, and on the basis of the population increases an urban hierarchy is suggested, with Lagos on top, growing at a sustained rate four times the national average.The expanding city is both moving outwards in a vast sprawl and inward pressing the urban boundaries into the lagoon where floating villages exist like Makoko and reclaiming land has become the norm.The Lagos Lagoon is under consistent and sometimes severe pressure from diverse forms of human activities emanating from the surrounding city centres.

step 2

Makoko

Prosessing flow

Heat

Petrol

umemlpoyed local labors collect those abosoration sponge for collecting oil and transform this oil to other place. Forming a sustainable recycle industry in makoko.

airport main ferry main ferry course trunk road street road

in different parts of this floating belt contain decentralized commercial and puzrification plants and also serve as public.

oil collection points

oil recycling centre high density

industries public service shopping mall

medium density low density

Lagos Lagoon is a major harbour for ships importing goods into Nigeria. Due to the drastic oil exploitation activities, this water area has been contaminated by oil leaks every year, which has exerted great pressure on the ecological environment here. On the coast of Lagos Lagoon, many dwellers live in water slums like Makoko whose lives and production activities are seriously damaged under such condition. The project aims to solve the problem of water purification along the coast of Lagos Lagoon and focuses on the densely populated areas such as Makoko. Through the analysis of local meteorological and hydrological analysis, three ecological restoration floating belts as a conceptual model are proposed. Through different combinations of floating platforms and plant cultivation, there are three different spaces for oil collection space, trading space and public space. The three belts, which is built by local construction waste wood, continues all along the edge of Makoko. The approach to purification is oil collection, storage and transforming the oil into a reusable resource. Through this purifying procedure, new job opportunities will be provided to the

Potamogeton

purifying water body view and admire medicine

communal platform

economic planting area

Phragmites australias Trin

plant purification belt

purifying water body view and admire material biologics

trading platform

Nymphecea micrtantha

purifying water body view and admire food feed

green belt:communal and production Nigeria is the largest oil producer in Africa.The most productive region of the nation is the coastal Niger Delta Basin in the Niger Delta which encompasses 78 of the 159 oil fields. Environmental devastation to farming and fishing in these area has for many come to symbolise the tragedy of Nigeria's vast but squandered oil wealth.

oil spilled

water

vegetation mangrove 5.23%

fishes

local labor

hydrogencarbons 0.03ppm

purifying water body view and admire food medicine

Lumnitzera littorea purifying water body view and admire habitat

length15cm

dominant plant: Mangrove

unemployed:83%

mangrove 0.82%

11921 barrels

Heternanthera

purifying water body view and admire

employed:32%

Salie o r niab igelo viiTo r r

purifying water body view and admire habitat

small fish mud crab

Nypafructicans Wurmb

purifying water body view and admire food habitat

wading bird-egret

bivalve prawn

sustainable and resilient mangrove ecosystem formed

employed:37%

saltinity:6.30±0.72‰

dissolved oxygen:3.15mg/L BOD:3.02mg/L unemployed:63%

length 10cm

dominant plant: Eichhornial crassipes

2748307.9 barrels

big fish

mud crab

unemployed:68% unemployed:68%

marine worms

mangrove 0.13%

hydrogenca 37ppm

bivalve prawn

marine worms

seedling period of mangrove

Azolla africana

purifying warter body view and admire food feed

small fish length 13.5cm

dominant plant: Eichhornial crassipes

bivalve

purifying water body view and admire medicine

Heternanthera Callifolia

fish feeding area

4.30mg/L

hydrogencarbons 15ppm

prawn

marine worms

blue belt:trading

employed:17%

saltinity:5.78±0.27‰

dissolved oxygen: BOD:1.85mg/L

mud crab

plant mangrove by local labors

Leersiahexandra

dissolved oxygen:6.0mg/L 694117 barrels BOD:0.02mg/L

106827 barrels

Nymphecea Lotus purifying water body view and admire food feed

salt-tolerant planting area black belt:petroleum water treatment

toxic substance

saltinity:6.00±0.79‰

Eichhornia natans purifying water body view and admire food feed

this floating belt designed in diffrent elevation to serve as public zzzzopen space in diffrent function.

The Lagos Lagoon gives the local creatures a heaven for living.This incredibly well-endowed ecosystem contains one of the highest concentrations of biodiversity on the planet, in addition to supporting abundant flora and fauna, arable terrain, and more species of freshwater fish than any ecosystem in West Africa.

lack communal space recession

poor sanitation

ecosystem damage oil spill

GOALS

METHODS

EXPECTATION

Micro:Floating informal settlement

Meso:Lagos Lagoon

obsorbent

floating framework

oil cleaness

oil recovery

floating platform

communal space

water purification

The lagoon will be the source of Lagos andthe vibrant heart of a 21st century worldwide renowned metropolis.

ecological restoration

green belt

water purification plant

Nigeria Africa Worldwide

Marco:Lagos state Lagos Lagoon is the The largest of the coastal barrier in Lagos state restore the ecosystem contribute to the whole state.

pollution management black belt

Makoko is a slum where people have learned how to live in harmony with water. Their subsistence and recreation relate closely to water.Along the Lagos Lagoon there are a number of slum areas the same as Makoko. As a result,the whole circle of the slum society was easily broken by oil pollution on water which also caused a lot of problems in different aspects: 1.Biodiversity loss 2.Economy recession 3.Life quality degration

Arise goverments’ awerness of conflicts between urbanization and poor inhabitants instead of nelecting and dismental them

Improve the resilience of Atlantic coastal ecosystem

more public space suggested Lagos lagoon plan as new opportunity in Lagos where the same crisis are existed blue belt

economy recovery

floating framework

floating platform

transform into new energy

trading space

unemployed local labor

Reduce human activities’ influence to global climate

commual space local approach is possible local approach is partly possible

oil recycling unemployed local labor

fish feeding

sponge recycling

harvesting purified water wet land

fisher

trading platform

water purification plants

public space

obsorbent

Handan Tan, Yihui Xu, Dandan Peng, Minyue Cao

Jiangxi Agricultural University, China


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

LOOKING FOR RESILIENCE OF NATURE The area we choose for this project belongs to Dadap (Dadap, Kosambi, Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia), located in the north of Java, near Jakarta. This area faces two major city risks: 1) Frequently occurring but short-lived hydrometeorological disasters, and 2) longterm sea level rising and ground sinking which threaten urban security. Other conflicts in this region include: Tensions between population and land resources; poverty and terrible living conditions, etc. All these threats have made Dadap almost lose its ability to cope with urban risks. For the above problem, we propose three ways to improve urban resilience. 1 Transformation of Watertown. Dadap will be submerged permanently in 50 years, so we decide to conform the natural rule to transform Dadap into a “city above the sea”, in order to protect its residents and provide new space for development. 2 Restoration of mangroves. Restore the coastal disappeared mangrove ecosystem. On the one hand, mangroves can resist hydrometeorological disasters and reduce the negative effects of sea-level rising as well as ground-sinking. On the other hand, reasonable mangrove utilization (for timber, fishery, tourism, etc.) can effectively promote local economy development. 3 Port construction. River Dadap goes

Huang Jinhui, Li Shixuan, Liang Qiao

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology Environmental Design East China Normal University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

UNITY, VARIETY AND SYNERGY

This project aims to protect the City Chiang Mai against the rainstorm event. Chiang Mai is an ancient city with the historic canal. Due to the city expansion, canals and green system have been destroyed. Consequently, the run-off flows from the west mountain and flood the city after the rainstorm. To avoid the disaster, also to protect one of the most fragile eco-systems – urban system, the regeneration for the city must be carried out. By regeneration, resilience is the core which has the spatial and time dimension. Spatial dimension means, different but interrelated systems take part in process of the disaster. Here, three interactive systems (canal, green and traffic system) will be regenerated against the rainstorm. By rebuilding, the systems meet the demands of various groups in different periods, so that they can endure the rainstorm. The time dimension requires that different periods of the rainstorm and the possibility of future development must be considered into the solution. With the concept, the strategy before and after the rainstorm as well as the future potential was put forward.

Zijia Zheng

Technical University of Dortmund


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE ARK OF RED CROWNED CRANE

The site is located in the northeast of China, which is in Panjin City, Liaoning province, named red beach ecological rehabilitation With the expansion and development of Panjin City, the population and the demand for food has been increased. A large number of reed wetlands have been reclaimed and become paddy fields and fish ponds. With the Destruction of wetland sponges , the arid climate increased. And the problem of water shortage in this area worsened, followed by the rise of soil salinity and the ecological environment become worse. So the main problems are that Suaeda salsa has been degraded on a large scale and the living conditions of wetland birds ,especially crowned cranes ,and other organisms have become even more severe. So according to the actual situation, we come up with three strategies. The first one is wetlands succession by improving the soil conditions through local fast-growing tree species and restoring reed wetlands. The second one is about coastal ecological succession . By elevating some of the roads, so that the Suaeda can expand inwards and integrate naturally into wetlands. The third one is refer to lake succession. We try to break the boundaries of the reservoir where Breeding economic fish species and recover natural water ecosystem with manual intervention

Chengyu Tong, Yicheng Liu, Yuhan Fei

Zhejiang University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

BAMBOO CELL

The site is located in Japan lake BIWA SATOYAMA. Lake BIWA is Japan’s largest fresh lake. Japan SATOYAMA is a kind of ecotone, which consists of mountains, fields and buildings. Japan, one of the most densely populated countries in the world. It is faced with a shortage of land resources and a lot of mountain crisis. Japan lake BIWA SATOYAMA is a typical area. There are a variety of complex stress: the aging society, the high cost of labor, cannot manage and continuous spread of the bamboo forest, the decrease of biological diversity, the increasing number of visitors for the industry and the environment pressure, continuously invest money and manpower for the governance of the lake. We put forward a functional water (water is the region’s biggest resource) system. With the natural growth and decrease of water level, seasonal intervention was conducted to bamboo rhizome-roots to reduce their vitality, thus regulating the vitality of bamboo forests and inhibiting the expansion of bamboo forests. At the same time, the water level brings resources and energy to the living creatures of the region, bringing vitality to the development of agriculture and tertiary industry. The water, bamboo, soil and plants of the whole area can be effectively utilized. This process builds BAMBOO CELL A and B. And

Lin Wei

College of Landscape Architecture, Sichuan Agricultural University, China


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REBIRTH AFTER REORGANIZATION

A catastrophic landslide occurred at Xinmo village in Maoxian County, Sichuan Province, China, on June 24, 2017. It was one of China’s top-ten major natural disasters this year. As a result, 83 people were killed or went missing while 103 houses were destroyed. Such disaster happen frequently in the upper reaches of Minjiang River, where there is a fragile ecology. Thus, the prevention of this tragedies deserves attention and investments. This program develops a modular and replicable systems to decline the risk and probable damage of the landslides. The measurements includes the pre-disaster protection and the post-disaster governance. The protection measurements aim at reducing the risk of disasters by building up protection and ecological structures, while the governance at the reconstruction of human habitat and ecological environment. The detailed measurements are: reducing the risk of the landslide with slope protection and retaining wall, Increasing biodiversity by dredging waterways and building wetland, remodeling the local culture by village reconstruction, recovery agriculture by more groves and multi-layer planting. The program would contribute to the

Luan Xin, Wei Xue, Cui Jingwen, Qin Xinlu, Hao Wanghuan

Shandong Agricultural University, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

SHARED LANDSCAPE PATTERN

In the development of urbanization, the natural landscape has been severely damaged. In order to improve the landscape, the key is to awaken the human love for the landscape from heart. Only in this way can humans protect nature under the unconscious, and add more power to the ecological restoration. The project selected three representative sites in Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, China: the city wall is an important defensive system for traditional Chinese cities, and is also one of the important urban cultural features of today; the Chenghuang Temple is the godhead space for urban security and folk beliefs. One; centripetal residential area is the most basic unit of the living landscape system. The project is to design the environment of these three places, from point to pattern, to change the people’s needs for nature from the perspective of the landscape, and change the pattern of getting along with nature on details. To achieve a landscape that is not only functional and visual but also co-participating. People and landscape are inextricably linked.

Haoyue Chen, Xiaoqing Wu

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

DIVERSE SYMBIOTIC

1 Project Name:Diverse Symbiotic—— Harmonious human settlement environment of ethnic group interactive settlement 2 Project Background:Although the distance between ethnic groups is very close, there are still many contradictions in Qinghai’s multiethnic areas. 3 Solved Problem: To solve the problem of multi-ethnic settlement in Daowei Township, Haidong, Qinghai, China, there are still contradictions. 4 Main Features:Through shared space and resources, we can achieve the goal of common existence in multi-ethnic areas. 5 Innovation Point:Use local culture, nature and resources to work together.

Linhu Ziran, Song Jiaxin, Liu Wenxuan, Ren Tiaotiao, Hu Jingyi Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

GUARD TURPAN

1. Water - soil contradiction in turpan area, sharp decrease of urban oasis area, aggravation of desertification, severe impact on regional development, and aggravate local city and ecological burden. 2. With global warming, natural disasters such as glacial melt water and seasonal rain floods will occur frequently and endanger the fragile local ecological environment. 3. karez is the embodiment of ecology and culture in turpan area. The gradual disappearance of karez reflects the deterioration of the local environment. On this basis, how to avoid harm, how to rationally allocate the existing resources is the core of this design. Strategic plan: 1. The utilization of the structure advantages of the water source is used to construct the microbial cooperation relationship between the plant and the soil, thus achieving the balance of energy between the water, soil and plants in the region.

Zehui Du, Han Dong

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

WAIT FOR TYPHOON TO COME As the major riverway of Fuding city, the Shuibeixi River not only becomes the corridor for water storage, but also poses potential threat to this city. Excessive rainwater brought by typhoon destroys the water corridor balance of Fuding. Thus, rainwater accumulates excessively in this city within a short time, and results in such ecological problems as landslides, urban waterlogging and water body pollution. Facing this city’s pattern, which is featured with “a city, a river, two banks and lots of hills”, we have put forward three ways to enhance the antidisaster ability of coastal cities: dredging the water system network, flexibly draining and storing water, and purifying water bodies. By maintaining water balance, we aim to strengthen the urban flexibility before and after the arrival of a typhoon, reduce the destruction of the city due to too much rainwater. At the same time, we store water, and release clean water at the time of drought to maintain water balance and intensify the reversibility of urban ecology by intelligent technologies.

Zitong Liu, Yan Song

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


MACRO-TO-MICRO

The project is located in the ancient capital of xi ‘an, which carries the millennial culture, and is a solution to the environmental problems of the people living in the villages left by xi ‘an in the rapid development of cities. The village in the city is like a lonely island in a busy city, there are a lot of criticism: construction of high density, the lack of public space, green area is too small, lack of urban service facilities management, traffic streamline chaos, etc. In view of these problems we propose the ecological transformation method from macroscopic to microscopic regeneration space. Through the subtle combination of urban agricultural landscape and the reinforced jungle environment in the village, the plan of “green seams” in village is carried out from the four aspects of architectural form improvement, micro space creation, sewage treatment and greening space construction. In the process of urbanization, urban village renovation to a great extent, affects the image of a city, through the “green seam in the village” ecological reconstruction scheme, make the urban villages have more flexibility and better integrated into the city, become an organic part of the city.

Commodity trading Have fixed appearance

Street vendorstake up road

Space scattered vendors

Washing clothes Building wires between washing

Increase the greening of buildings

Washing in a sunny place

Hang the entrance to the building

Beneficiary floor Building rental City Village: Shajing Village

Rent to single youth entrepreneurship Lease give family as the unit of merchants Residents and floating population

Garbage disposal

Rent to single youth entrepreneurship Lease give family as the unit of merchants Residents and floating population

China

Shaanxi Traffic behavior Large truck trans walking

Non-motor vehicle vehicles

Motor vehicle trave

Traditional building

Surveyed

Questionnaire invalid questionnaire

(50 years of age or older) in the elderly

Surveyed

valid questionnaire

men

children (8 ~ 16 years of age)

Surveyed

women

youth, middle-aged (17 ~ 50 years old

Integrate green space residents' satisfaction with current life

landscape change

landscape change expectation dissatisfaction status

don't expect

moderate expectations

satisfaction status

In this sur vey, 200 questionnaires were distributed, among which 192 were valid questionnaires, accounting for 96% of the questionnaire distribution. Among the inter viewees, 82 were male and 110 were female, among whom 25 were children (aged 8 to 16), accounting for about 13%. Qing, middle aged (17 ~ 50 years old)89 people, about 46 percent, the elderly (over 50 years old) 78, about 41 percent. Seventy-nine percent of the respondents were dissatisfied with their living environment. The main performance is zero green, lack of public space, dirty environment, poor public security management. 87% of residents expect landscape transformation.

Original green space

Regional status Inner courtyard space

Functional division Original building space

——The Green Seam in the Village

UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

From Macroscopic to Microscopic Reproducing Space

2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards

Design Notes:The project is located in the ancient capital of xi 'an, which carries the millennial culture, and is a solution to the environmental problems of the people living in the villages left by xi 'an in the rapid d e ve l o p m e n t of c i t i e s . The village in the city is like a lonely island in a busy city, there are a lot of criticism: construction of high density, the lack of p u b l i c s pa c e , g re e n area is too small, lack of urban ser vice facilities management, traffic streamline chaos, etc. In view of these problems we propose the ecological transformation method from macroscopic to microscopic regeneration space. Through the subtle combination of urban agricultural landscape and the reinforced j u n g l e e n v i ro n m e n t i n the village, the plan of "green seams" in village is carried out from the four aspects of architectural form improvement, micro space creation, sewage treatment and greening space construction. In the process of urbanization, urban village renovation to a great extent, affects t h e i m a g e of a c i t y, through the "green seam in the village" ecological reconstruction scheme, make the urban villages have more flexibility and better integrated into the city, become an organic part of the city.

Contact the whole space Original road

Space penetration

Available space

Regional status

Public stream organization Recreational activity space Corner space

group center

Structural possibility Increase the space for activities

Children's game space

Use the available space.

Low activity space before construction

Functional area division

Inner spatial relationship

add path

Low activity space before construction

High-rise building group activity space

Sun light

Excessive functional

Add a square

Physical exercise activity space

G re e n p l a n t a n d h u m a n relations

demolition of old buildings

High-rise building group activity space

A half closed rest space

Building next to the space area

Single-family construction before the collection area

detail design Demolition of old buildings

Construction of new courtyards

Reorganization of courtyards

Available venue

Can be built

Road extension

Lights and human relations

Micro sand combined with construction

Raise the galleries of space

Waste transformation area

Water tower and the combination of agricultural

Water tower before the activity space

Status

Widening roads

Demolition waste roads

connecting roads

Making access roads

Reorganizing roads

Lines touch the overall Architectural shading effect

Available venue

Feasible vehicle

Single building

Available roof

breaking the building

regional uplift

subsidence in some

Raise the space combination Ecological parking lots of agriculture

Shop in front of the green space

The relationship between human and ecological chair

The relationship between group and individual space

Micro space between buildings

entrance Adding roads

Art exhibition area

Partial adjustment space

Sun light Building greening

Road greening

Vertical space

Add new buildings

Dismantle waste space

Raise vertical design

Integrate buildings

Washing before building space

Buildings and plants and The relationship between animals group and individual space

Architectural flexibility

Window green plant design

Vertical combination method

Dismantling unused areas Rationally transforming

Integrating all building Plant growing experience

Original building

Art dealing area

Functional division and adjustment

Afforestation area can be used

Art sale area

Vertical traffic and detail

Beneficiary floor

Ve r t i c a l s t r u c t u re

Family experience growing area

Green vegetation after remolding

Biqi Zhou, Yang Xue

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE NETWORK INLAY

Under the background of the desertification of grassland and the increasingly serious soil erosion and water loss in Inner Mongolia, the ecological environment of the mining area and the development of the nearby town and city are seriously threatened by the influence of the industrial and mineral development. This scheme uses elastic landscape measures to improve the water storage capacity of the water system around the mining area and the town, reconstruct the surface soil around the water system, and form the green corridors and net to prevent the impact of dust storm and industrial pollution on the town. On the one hand, the urban and mining areas are repaired by “water green melting”, and the separation boundary between them and the natural region is bridged. On the other hand, through the reclamation of the mine and upgrading of the industry, more agriculture resources and employment opportunities are provided to the cities and towns, which will relieve the social environmental pressure caused by the rapid population growth. The project envisages a joint transformation of the urban mine with the whole water network and green corridor as a link. Through the design of the elastic landscape, the ecological environment problems caused by the natural and human of the mining areas are solved, and the human and ecological system can be self restored, and the ability to adapt and plan the future is also given.

Jing Zhou, Longlong Hao, Xinjia Xu

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

UNFINISHED CEMETERY LANDSCAPE In the process of urbanization, the strong vitality of the city attracts constantly an inflow of foreign people, during which many problems are gradually led to in the case of less completion of urban infrastructure and lack of policy guarantee for the foreign population. This design takes Navotas city cemetery in Philippians as an example, revealing various problems of present situation in this region, emphasizing on the analysis of the main contradiction of fighting for land between the living and the dead, as well series of secondary contradictions influenced by nature and man’s activity. Targeted to problems above the temporary and sustainable strategy is proposed under the premise of consideration of local policy and religion, that is in the form of in-completion to realize the change gradually from provision of temporary place to relocation and then to cemetery park, and ultimately become an ideal memorial place of cemetery landscape to lay a foundation for the long-term and sustainable development of city.

Annan Tang, Jialin Wang, Yue Zhang

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

FLEXIBLE SHARING OF URBAN GROUND

With the development of urbanization, intensive building has eroded land resources gradually, resulting in people’s outdoor public space has become fragmented and scarce, and eliminating the interaction between people by the blocked interior with wall. Moreover, the increasing number of cars leads to traffic jams and parking difficulties in cities. In view of the above problems, we try to use ground space under buildings to alleviate this contradiction. This project selects Xiaozhai Dristrict, Xi’an, as the site. Xiaozhai District is a famous business district in Xi’an, with a large number of people, traffic congestion and high building density. The design proposes the bottom parking streamline by dividing the “L”, “一” and “U” forms of relations between the building and the road, and then analyzes the behavior and time distribution of different population groups in Xiaozhai District to maximize the function of the ground space under buildings and to rationalize the facility function. The elastic facilities adopt sharing module facilities with adaptability, functional diversity, autonomy and identification to enrich the form of ground space under buildings, and the distribution and use of facilities will achieve the functional transformation of people and cars on

Jing jia

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

MELT AND REBIRTH MELT

Although the amount of raw construction land in Shanghai is small, it features in its uniqueness and characteristic. The distribution of the raw construction land in Shanghai is scattered, the construction period is limited, and the urban building density is high. Based on time and location requirement, our design consists of four representative models with easy popularization. A mode is applicable to the city center area. It is provided with mobile facilities and removable pavement, etc., mainly highlighting its temporality and function; B mode is applicable to urban transitional area. We introduce crop planting to attract visitors from the city, and mainly highlighting its features in science education and comfort. C mode is applicable to the suburb of the city. We introduce elements including scarecrows and other structures to attract the crowd to enjoy the happiness in farming, and mainly highlighting its features in country style recreation and experience; D mode is applicable to the outer suburb of the city, and the ecological improvement of planting crops mainly emphasizes its production and ecotype. The coordination and reorganization of the four modes make it possible to be applied to the construction sites in each area of the whole city.

Jingjing Wang

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

BAMBOO TALK

Bamboo is a representative of Chinese traditional culture. Yibin City, Sichuan Province, China is the capital of Chinese bamboo culture.Bamboo industry development base has rich bamboo resources and bamboo culture.Inevitable problems in the development of cities make their proper landscapes threatened Solve the problemďźš1. Urban industrial pollution and water pollution; 2. Irrational use of resources; 3. The lack of bamboo culture; 4. Destruction of bamboo resources. Main feature 1. Take bamboo as a landscape element; 2.To achieve zero waste and zero pollution, recycling bamboo forests, bamboo processing plants and bamboo landscapes. Innovation: 1.Bamboo Charcoal Utilization System uses bamboo charcoal from local processing plants to purify water and recycle it. 2.Urban green space system, links from cities to towns to bamboo forests.

Yameng Xiang, Baozhen Yong, Jiaqi Li, Jiaying He

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

COEXISTENCE OF RAINFALL AND WATERLOG Wild paradise landscape proposal is mainly mangroves conservation project. But at the same time, it will make the path to interact human and nature together. My intention is to offer close up memorable experience with nature and provides enriching nature based experiences for visitors. Madhuwa is an extraordinary island situated in Sri Lanka. It has dense mangroves population. The primary object of this project is to conserve the mangrove and aware people about the value of mangrove conservation. Aim to design a landscape by help of ecotourism practices, which are proceeding today as well. Present ecotourism practice is doing by the village people as their occupation. By observations, it is evident that those ecotourism practices were disorganized. According to those facts, a first intention was to conserve the mangrove ecosystem by using sustainable ecotourism practices, so that have studied furthermore about the mangrove wetland. Thoughts about mainly landscape design by interacting visitors with the migration birds, Animals and underwater fauna and other who live around the mangrove wetland. Based on that is proposed to implement there are four significant programs in the island according to its geography. Those are the wet walkway, dry walkway, Canopy Walkway, observation towers and cages. Aim to give an excellent experience to visitors by interacting all biodiversity together.

Ge Shi, Xiaoyu Guo, Sailong Meng

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

BACKBONEFOREST TOWN

The Great Khingan area has caused destruction of the local ecological environment due to excessive deforestation for many years. The economy and industry are single and the traditional national culture is missing. Many valuable intangible cultural heritages are on the verge of being lost. Solve the Problems: 1. resilience design is used to repair ecological problems such as water and soil loss caused by over-cutting and reduction of biodiversity. 2. Utilize natural resources in a time-shared and cyclical manner. 3. Create ecological corridors in the cities so that the local organisms live in harmony with the urban environment. Main Feature: 1. The system of sustainable stratification of natural resources will protect renewable growth of resources from being over developed and destroyed. 2. While improving ecological problems and economic problems, strengthen links with nature and forests, and restore close relationships between people and nature and forests. 3. The return to the original way of acquiring resources has enabled traditional ethnic cultures grown in the Great Khingan to be inherited.

Jiayang Song, Ziyao Zeng, Ziying Ren, Wangwang Gao

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

DESTRUCTION OR REBIRTH

-PROTECTION LANDSCAPE IN THE DANGEROUS INDUSTRIAL AREA

At the edge of urbanization, Yuhuazhai, a group of people living in the gap between the urban and rural areas, and there are serious security risks around them. “Yuhuazhai” is a densely populated region, close to chemical factories. Probable chemical explosions, severe pollution, extremely imperfect ecosystems, and fragile urban transitional areas, all of these problems need landscape to solve and release, therefore stability of the ecosystem in this region would be improved, and ecologically protected areas would be established which are self-healing. Moreover, the awareness of human-centered landscape is gradually diminished. The negative effects to ecosystem by human would be decreased gradually.  This design consists of three parts: 1. In the aerobic wetland adjacent to the urban road, we build animal corridors, ecological corridors, and ecological wetlands, which could enhance the participation of animals, and reduce the negative impact of cities on the surrounding areas. 2. In the ecological safety protection belt near the chemical factories, we reduce the damage of the explosion through vertical surface change; absorb harmful gases from chemical factories through reasonable planting and collocation; and prevent or reduce

Jingjing Li, Jia Huang, Jintao Xue

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THERE IS HABITAT, THERE IS LIFE

-ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPE DESIGN IN WATERLOGGING AREA OF XI'AN

Resilience is the ability of the human and ecosystem to recover and adapt to the future, and the ability to predict and plan for the future. The site of design is located in the southeast corner of the ancient city wall , an old section of xi ‘an city, Shaanxi province, China .Based on background of a blend between old and new city zone and city transformation, this design orients to the existing problems in the old city, focuses on urban waterlogging, utilization of rainwater collection and traditional space transformation, and multiple use of public space. Through corresponding solutions of urban waterlogging problems and the lack of function of place, we analysis the adaptability of the comprehensive space transformation, and focus on the flexibility, innovation and sustainability of the prominent environmental transformation, finally propose landscape measures to improve the elasticity of the city.

Ru Zhang, Zhen Meng, Yanjie Wu, Yiyang, Zhuanzhuan Zhang Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

LAKE BIRD CITY

Lake-Bird-City

A Bird At Hand In Time Of Love When romantic bell of love Chime I do, I do, I do, And them sing, ‘a bird at hand Compared to many in the bush', And your thoughts race from right, To left, to center, Thinking ofadventure about the Birds not at hand, wondering the value Of the one at hand; Pause, pause, pause, Look back and long, and review… If nza is the bird you have at hand, Think twice before you say I do, If eneke is the bird at hand, Let it fly away sooner… If you have an owl as the bird at hand, Buy self a good mask, If ugo is the bird you have at hand, Get ready for heart-attack. And If you have a vulture as the bird at hand, Simply buy yourself a soft pillow.

Ecosystem

Future evolution

Lake-Bird-City

Dianchi Lake Water Environment Ecological Control and Repair Where I developed, the temple was under the bottom of the boat, and the ‘fairies' eyes sparkled.

Climate

Dianchi Lake Water Environment Ecological Control and Repair

River channel

Site

20 years

40 years

60 years

20 years

40 years

80 years

20 years

40 years

60 years

Ecological Floating Island

Wetland bubble average temperature/℃ Average lowest temperature /℃ Average highest temperature /℃

Kunming is surrounded by mountains on three sides and Dianchi on the south. Dianchi is the largest plateau lake in Yunnan Province, and the sixth largest freshwater lake in the country. Because of the low latitude plateau and the formation of "four seasons like spring" climate, especially the plateau lake Dianchi is adjusting the temperature and humidity, so that the air is fresh, sky high clouds, bright sunshine, flowers often open.

Geographic features

There are a large number of people in Kunming and rich in customs. It is a multi-ethnic city with 26 ethnic groups and 889 thousand and 800 ethnic minorities, accounting for 13.84% of the permanent population.the water quality without affecting the flood discharge of the river.

Annual precipitation/mm

Annual precipitation/mm

population / person

Kunming is a low latitude subtropical and plateau monsoon climate in the north latitude. Due to the influence of the warm wet air in the southwest of India, the sunshine length, the frost period are short, the annual average temperature is 15 degrees centigrade, the annual sunshine is about 2200 hours, and the frost free period is more than 240 days. Mild climate, no summer heat, no cold winter, four seasons like spring, pleasant climate, annual rainfall of 1035mm, with typical temperate climate characteristics.

Biological resources Urban river area

Floating island area

Wet area

Plant design

Source

For decades, the crisis of the lake has been growing at the same time as the economic development. The fate of a lake in the southwest plateau has touched the hearts of countless people - Dianchi, the mother lake of the city of Kunming, its pollution is regarded as “late terminal disease”. The red mouth seagull flying from Siberia every year is the elves of Dianchi. People come here to watch birds feed the birds and become a kind of city life. As the water eutrophication of the bird’s habitat becomes more and more serious, there is no bird in Dianchi in the next few decades! Solve the problem:

Mobile Floating Island

Resource status

Industrial waste water purification, measures such as adding pipelines, chemical purification, and plant density to build sewage treatment plants

Green plant is the main, biological benefit is supplemented

Overregion

Agricultural non-point source pollution, the establishment of storage tanks, regulating the control of early storm runoff pollution, through the elimination of non-point source pollution.

The floating islands in the transitional area purify the water quality and increase the fish culture area.

Non-removable Lake Center

floating island The non-removable floating island is set in a wide area of the river and plays a role in purifying water quality, conserving water resources, and restoring the ecological environment of the local animals and plants.

Near the center of the lake, fish culture has increased, and the water quality has been detected through the health status of fish.

Domestic sewage is purified, ducts are diverted, and pipelines and sewage are put into the mouth of the estuary to build a purification pool.

Plants are mainly planted with aquatic plants and native plants, and bridges and shrubs are combined to plant different tolerant plants based on the degree of pollution in different regions. The landscape effect is also taken into account in the purification.

Water quality Lake area Species Population

One is that Dianchi is located in the lower reaches of the Kunming city and is the lowest concave zone in the Dianchi basin; because of the lack of sufficient clean water in the semi closed lake, the water is replaced by the lake.

Three, with the development of society, more and more factories and industrial wastewater enter Dianchi.

Five, in the process of natural evolution, the lake surface shrank, the lake basin became shallow, and entered the aging stage.

Four is living sewage into Dianchi

Two is industrial waste water entering

Wetland ecological revetment

Urban river ecological revetment Natural style

Problem

Lake area change

Gradually disappearing species

In order to restore the vitality of the water environment, we use ecological floating island, fixed island and wetland biochemical methods to reduce the eutrophication in the lake. Biological monitoring is set up at the junction of the sea to the sea, and the water quality and pollution purification are monitored by animals and plants. Through our transformation of the seagull habitat, the resilience of Dianchi was increased, and then the city was repaired, and the tender mother continued to take her running child into the arm and continue to nurture her children.

The movable floating island is set in the narrow entrance area of the river, and the rainy season is approaching. The precipitation increases, and the movable floating island plays a role in purifying the water quality without affecting the flood discharge of the river.

Geometry

Industrial waste water purification, measures such The revetment treatment will gradually transform the straight hard revetment in the original city into a natural, geometric and mixed revetment, increase urban green area and enhance the ability to purify surface runoff water quality.

Mixed type Mixed type

1970

1990

Pollution source

2017

The rapid development of the city has brought a huge environmental burden to Dianchi Lake. Urban sewage, agricultural sewage, and industrial wastewater are discharged into Dianchi Lake in an uncontrolled manner, allowing the deposition rate of pollutants to exceed the self-purification speed of Dianchi Lake. In the past few decades, Dianchi Lake's capacity for contaminating water has become increasingly critical, water quality has deteriorated, and the ecological environment has been greatly threatened. Uncontrolled human behavior has caused Dianchi Lake to lose its original flexibility.

1977

1986

1995

Water quality issues

Blue-green

2005

Eutrophication

Water hyacinth flooding Species reduction

2007

2013

HongFei Qin, Le Zhao, Jin ming Liu

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

BIRD FACTORY

Named after the bird factory, since the reform and opening up, Baoji City, with the rapid development of local cities, the city’s industrial structure needs to be adjusted, faced with urban transformation, a large number of factory migration and transformation, resulting in abandoned old factories, not only occupies the living space of humans, It is even more damaging to the environment, leading to a reduction in biodiversity, especially the reduction of local birds. The project is mainly based on transforming factories and residential areas, using local abandoned industrial plants, residential areas, water towers and wastelands as the basis for greening designs on the roofs and towers, and using the bird’s dietary habits to provide plant fruits for them. Spreading seeds through bird excrement, the ecological area will spread over time, eventually forming the greening of the entire area, restoring the ecological environment, and realizing the harmonious coexistence between man and nature.

YunJing Xie, Le Zhang, Guo Qiang Chang

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

RAINBOW- LIFE OF FLOATING

The site of the design is lagos in a slum in Makoko Polo, Nigeria.The rapid urbanization of Lagos and the large influx of people have made Lagos brilliant,But at the same time, Lagos’ glorious working people are created because of limited living space.It was forced to move out of the sea on the edge of the city, so that it became the largest water slum in the world. 2. Problem Water residents do not have a sewerage system.Waste manure can only be discharged into waterContaminate the water body and make the water body emit bad odor.It poses a serious threat to the residents’ respiratory system. The garbage is discharged into the water, destroying the ecosystems in the water and seriously destabilizing the ecology in the lagoon in the east of Lagos. Lagos Marco Cocoa was a village built by fishermen for fishing in the last century. But today, the fishing industry where fishermen live depends on the pollution of water bodies. 3. Strategy 1 It is hoped that through floating garbage collection devices, residents will be provided with an approach to elastic drainage and waste disposal. 2 The floating garbage collection system can

Kun Li, XuanRu Hou, PeiLin Zhou

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

CALLING FROM THE SNOW MOUNTAIN

Shangri-la is located in the northwest of Yunnan Province and in the hinterland of the Hengduan Mountains of the Tibetan Plateau. The design was based on the idea of building Tangtang Township in Shangri-La. The problem was mainly reflected in the degraded soil around the Napahai Wetland, surrounding pastures and idle land around the city. we proposed three major solutions: I. Wetland degradation Strategy: Build a retaining landscape device to intercept the soil and sediment, and use the natural method to create a wetland habitat, purify the water quality of the lake. Second, grassland degradation Strategy: 1. Soil pressure device design: The device can relieve the soil pressure caused by trampling of grassland by cattle, sheep and visitors in pasture areas. The principle is to conduct the load to the bottom of the base to ensure that the soil is not trampled over. 2. Artificial grass grid distribution principle: It was found that when the three grasslands were distributed in the form of autocorrelation distances of “Pintosporium herbifolia, tall fescue> alfalfa”, their respective soil plaques could form a stable spherical shape.

Han Wang, Dong Yang Zhang, HaoFei Zhou

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ALL BLUE

In recent years, global warming and rising sea levels have caused erosion of coastlines around the world. The vast majority of coastlines in Hainan Province in China have suffered significant reduction or even loss of wind protection and flood control capabilities on most coastlines due to natural disasters and urbanization. Coastal erosion is a very serious issue. This issue is imminent for Hainan Province at this stage. We strive to use the concept of flexibility to enhance the bearing capacity of the coastline from three aspects of nature, economy and landscape and allow it to develop flexibly. Through our resilient landscape design, Hainan Province will have enough capacity to face serious natural disasters and also be able to effectively cope with the negative effects of urbanization. At the same time, these designs not only bring about ecological and natural changes, but also bring economic benefits. They also hope that through our design, they can bring enlightenment to people. This design integrates measures with the landscape, hoping to achieve maximum results with minimal intervention. At the same time, the integration of landscape and measures not only has a landscape effect, but also can avoid disturbing people’s daily life. From this we will give the people the blue, the ocean blue, and the natural blue with the title of “all blue.”

Ziting Chen, Shunshun Zhang, Xiaoyuan Wang, Bo Sun

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE OVERPASS FOREST PACKAGE

This design through encompassing urban overpasses with forest packages, enable every single overpass own a particular resilient ecological chain, becoming a specific plate in the city. It also makes urban overpass networks full of landscape corridors, spreading the whole city’s ecological network into every corner, helping with urban problems such as heat island effect, microclimate and urban landscape environment. The design takes advantages of urban construction waste to build up the terrain, and as time flies, the landscape terrain can be formed naturally. In addition, it improves per capita greening rate in urban areas, leads birds back to their migrating routes, and completes cities’ ecological system. The landscape orientation and the project predictability are both considered in the design. The forest packages is used to diminish the coldness from armored concrete and reflect vitality in cities. Trough the resilience remain of landscape, the relationship between the forest packages and the surrounding existing buildings are settled down. The amount of urban forest packages are maximized without negative effects on a city’s normal operation, and finally there can be a resilient ecology provided for the city.

Kun Yan, Fan Yang, Tianzi Dong

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

COPING WITH HEAVY SNOWFALLS WITH RESILIENT ROAD FACILITIES In recent years, extreme weather has occurred frequently. In the situations of snowfall days in the process urbanization, sudden and heavy snowstorms have caused serious problems to urban roads and their facilities, and hence, they could not function properly. Among those problems, traffic jam appears to be the most prominent one. The existing solutions have also caused problems in snow pollution and the scenery of the city, making the city road and its construction suffering from a great test. Xi ‘an is a city that has a few snowy days. However, when it snows, it pours. Therefore, the city officials are not able to solve the problem of traffic paralysis in a timely manner due to its uniqueness. Therefore, it is proposed to respect bus optimization, ecological and aesthetic principles on the construction of flexiable urban road facilities. Then we put forward a number of core strategies including increased storage space, increased friction coefficient and strengthened management. These strategies can be divided into measures from three aspects: storage infiltration, heat dissipation and human-centered facilities. The flexible road facilities are suitable for the normal operation of urban traffic before the snowfall. When it is snowing, those facilities will actively improve the road condition. And after the snowfall, the following operation will solve potential problems. Thus, a harmonious and balanced relations among snow environment, road space, and human will be maintained in a coordinating way.

Xinyi Li, Ke Wang, Jiaru Wang

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

BREATHING CITY RESILIENT LANDSCAPE DESIGN OF URBAN GROUND SPACE

landscape Design of Urban Breathing City -- Resilient Ground Space

landscape Design of Urban Breathing City -- Resilient Ground Space

Classification of peripheral architecture:

Strategy 1: Breaking and merging

Understanding of Resilient:

The original building and road space

Resilience is the expression of vitality. With the rapid development of social economy, the urbanization process is becoming more and more serious.The city is full of oppressive atmosphere, people's life rhythm is more and more urgent, the city is on the verge of breaking out.The situation makes people, cars and buildings compete for space, and the contradictions are increasingly sharp. The Unblocking of the Ground Floor of Street Buildings can bring breathing space to the city, provide the activity space, relieve the road carrying capacity and the city storm water pressure.Strive to balance the allocation of urban space and allow the city to breathe independently. In the past 50 years, China's urbanization has been developing rapidly,but the rate compared with other countries in 1. Human and Space 2. Nature and Space Rainfall the world is still in a lower Guangzhou status,The Rainfall Analysis of building density trend: situation continues to Beijing Residential area Business district The other area accelerate Rainfall China's Hong Kong ShangHai GuangZhou ShenZhen ChengDu XiAn BeiJing urbanization rate.So the Shanghai Rainfall problems of urbanization is getting worse.

Existing problems:

Break the wall of street building

Internal and external space fusion

Strategy 2: Implanting

Problem analysis:

The villas, houses, apartment buildings, shantytowns and dormitory buildings are classified as residential areas.

Steel frame structure

Classify schools, hospitals, nursing homes, and public institutions as public buildings.

Scenic spots, historic buildings and historic sites are collectively referred to as historical and cultural areas.

Commercial pedestrian street, commercial plaza, commercial complex, individual business district is uniformly classified as business district.

Analysis of building density trend:

Xian

The north

autumn

winter

The base chooses the north and south representative cities in the process of urbanization in China.analyzes its climatic environment and summarizes its extreme weather conditions. Taking the average density of the buildings in the north and south of China since the reform and opening up,Compared with the development trend of each city, the trend of rising and rising rate is increasing.

on time

. time chart trend PTI

According to Yang Gail's public space theory, it is divided into the following: street green, city square, commercial street, street, station and park.The main service object of the six space are people and cars, Compared to nearly three decades of urban public space in the various activities of the space proportion.we found that along with the social demand for urban high greening rate , the faster growth trend of Street space, the park and the street green space, the unshaped squeeze the human activity space. bus

Crowd space

Plant recuperation space

Children's amusement space

The performance stage

Children's amusement space

Community activity space

The fitness space

Small theater

Propaganda space

Reading room

Barrier-free design

Lunch room

The interactive device

The

h

s in

fic jam

traf nge in

gesti

h

mount on num

time ber num to of thepoints points ratio Thecongestiongestion of total con. the the day of

Nows

car

Rest place

mount

ber

time

2010s

Green space

t Con

I and time ay TT weekd

2000s

Children's amusement space

h

mount

Persisten

the proportion of each activity space in urban public space:

1990s

This design allows the city to breathe in a peaceful way by adopting a new strategy named The Unblocking of the Ground Floor of Street Buildings. And therefore, a balanced use of space among human, vehicles and the building itself will be achieved. A removable steel structure is added to create various forms of space distribution according to different demands from its users and duration. For example, This item will provide a recreational space for children, senior citizens, and non-officer workers during daytime. And this place will be tranformed into a parking lot for office-workers at night. Meanwhile, this area may provide a buffering against extreme wearhers. Furthermore, the pressure from heavy traffic load and urban drainage load may be relieved with the introduction of this design. In this way, the city will be able to take a deep breath and rejuvanate in the new era.

summer

the city

centre

Congesti

Resilience can be considered as a symbol of vitality. Similialy, a city needs to breathe, too. However, problems like traffic jam, parking lot shortage and a lack of public space do occur in the process of urbanization. It seems that the city we are living in is under great pressure and is at the edge of disintegration.

The south The central region The coastal areas

spring

h

mount

Road&activity space

Road&activity space

Road&activity space

Road&activity space

Greening

Greening

Greening

Greening

Maker space

Maker space

Maker space

Maker space

cha

The pedestrian dynamic

Analysis of road behavior carrying capacity:

With the rapid development of social economy, the function of street types has experienced the change from few to many, and then by Take a walk pedestrians talk car bus Take a walk less variable,.Street function vendors Take a walk selling carriage talk types are less and less, but vendors the road capacity is more and more big.Nowadays, the now number of cars is increasing The song dynasty The process of urbanization. 弹性及韧性, 即为有生命力的表现, 随着社会经济的快速发展, 我国城市化进程愈演愈烈。 day by day, and road design 城市充斥着压抑的氛围,人的生活节奏也越来越紧迫,城市濒临爆发的边缘。在构建和谐社 is becoming more and more formalized.Just carry the dynamic behavior of people and cars instead of leisure activities and parking The car dynamic

Ancient traditional street carrying capacity

Road carrying capacity in the process of urbanization.

“ 一 ” & Residential area

“L” & Public sector construction area.

Strategy 3: Buffering

Conversation

Ecological principle derivation: Rain infiltration Ecological vegetation Ecological vegetation Bio-swale Drainage pipeline Water system Rnfiltration Sinking edges Water permeable pavement Ecological infiltration Acquifer max vegetable layer Sinking water storage Planting layer Artificial packing Planting grass brick sand layer gravel layer

Urban road capacity now.

Any day of the week: It is found that office workers lack parking space, and non-office workers are in urgent need of various activities.

Any day:

“ 口 ” &Business district

“U” & Historic and cultural historic area

The time axis:

Leisure

Entertainment

6:00AM

Parking

6:00PM

After 8:00PM

24HOURS

Greening

Heavy rains

Sun

The wind

spring and autumn

summer

summer

winter

365DADS

In the form of empty space:

People, roads and buildings:

In the form of empty space:

Building type of “口”

Building type of “一”Building type of“L” Building type of “U” Building type of “口”

The relationship between road and architecture:

architectural pattern of “ 一 " architectural pattern of “L"

architectural pattern of “ 口 ”

architectural pattern of “U”

Wanyu Wang, Zhong Quan, Haiqing Geng, Xinwen Cui

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

LAND-OCEAN SYMBIOSIS:

A RESILIENT RESTORATION OF THE MARINE WHIT-POLLUTED COASTLINE

The ocean is an important place for gestation of life. Due to its strong self-purification capability, the ocean has become an important channel for mankind to deal with garbage and discharge pollution for thousands of years. With the development of human industrial civilization, the self-net-bearing capacity of the ocean far exceeds the emissions that humans have given her. According to statistics, 150 million tons of rubbish have been discharged into the ocean and the number will continue to increase.This problem will be analyzed and solved from the perspective of elastic restoration of the landscape architecture. Restore the ecological system to its original stage, keep the structure of the system and function even under the consistent influence of the marine debris. The focus will be put on the post-disaster recovery and the formation of the coastal ecological system.

Chunhao Xu, Liwen Li, Shiwei Jiang

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, University of Science and Technology of China


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ACTIVATING BORDERS

- A FLEXIBLE DESIGN FOR SHARED URBEN SPACE

With the acceleration of urbanization, the inconsistencies between the decreasing shared urban space and residents’ increasingly needs of living landscape are intensified, which contributes to the prominence of the available value of city borders, a kind of potential shared urban space. On the understanding of borders’ importance in enclosing, this design will re-examine its availability. The most shared spaces of hospitals, campuses, institution buildings will be sampled to conceptualize and satisfy residents’ effectual demands. The elimination of the related adverse factors and the combination of the buildings’ functions and the properties of the borders require a various degree for the setting of sharing mode, according to the local conditions and the stress on the double dimensions of time and space. Thus, the permeability of border space will be enforced and the utilization of space will also be effectively enhanced. The shared urban space can be expanded by activating borders space, which will motivate residents’ positive interaction and promote the fusion and symbiosis of space and borders.

Xiran Xu , Fei Kou

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

MARKET REBIRTH -FLEXIBLE USE AND CONSTRUCTION OF TRADITIONAL MARKET SPACE

Street Market: In traditional Chinese cities, it is not only a market function but also an important place for people to exchange and communicate. With the acceleration of urbanization, street market is gradually disappearing. This project focus on Xicang Street Market of Xi’an, an historic city in China, aims at solving problems such as the interpersonal indifference, environment and traffic jams, cultural memory loss and so on. The transformation project is considered from three levels: macroscale, mesoscale and microscale. Macro: optimizing thelayout of the business, planing road network reasonably, and improving the carrying capacity of people in the market space. Meso: using the pressure of walking on the sidewalk to collect energy; The sales booth of market adopts the new materials to structure construction of the store, which can reduce the noise and improve the microclimate of the neighborhood. When the structure is put down, city memory wall can be formed and city memory can be activated. Micro: different selling and communication facilities are designed for different environment and function of each street. Through the reform and design of the Xicang Street Market, the traditional

Peng ZHANG, Ying WANG, Jie FAN, Xi HE

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

SHARED CITY :A CO-LIVING ATTEMPT OF LOCAL RESIDENTS

Many urban streets in China are mixed with very crude and civilian feeling of life. People learn to coexist and share through daily interactions, exchanges, and contacts in the streets. But with the acceleration of urbanization, the once familiar streets are gradually disappearing. We believe that the streets are the core of urban life, and the diversity of street functions is the essence of elastic landscapes. The program takes Xi’an as an example, and starts from the lifestyle of a “co-living”, clued with local residents’ daily life, to discover, summarize and analyze the interests and space defects of different residents, so as to identify the space for optimization and improvement in the venue. Time-sharing is realized through creating a dynamic core of a “co-living”, improving slowmoving passage, strengthening group nodes, and integrating spatial functions. With timesharing space, an online interactive sharing platform is designed for creative people to realize cooperation from acquaintance and produce communitybased creative genes.

Yang Zhang, Bingji Chen

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

WEAVING CITY

- BUILD KHULNA URBAN WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM UNDER THE PERSPECTIVE OF RESILIENCE

Due to the urbanization of khulna city, it is one of the most vulnerable areas of Bangladesh under the influence of climate change. Due to economic problems, this city is unable to build adequate infrastructure to cope with natural disasters. To solve the problem: Alleviating urban infrastructure pressure to enhance urban resilience. The main features : By using the landscape method, the necessary reconstruction of municipal infrastructure is made to enhance the resilience of the city. The innovation points: Through urban agriculture to build a certain urban ecosystem, enhance urban resilience.

Zongkai Zhao

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

NET-LINKED GREEN GENERATION

: BY-PASS WATER PURIFICATION

The site of the project is a seriously polluted city named Changshou in Chongqing, China. The water system, the atmosphere, the surrounding ecological circle, and the people’s daily life are all affected by the local industry. According to the principle of sewage treatment in the factory and the principle of domestic sewage, the bypass off-line water purification system is used to improve the water quality of the base. At the same time, on-line and off-line treatment measures are taken to the river to form a series-connected water system. Relying on highways and other arterial roads in the city, ecological green corridors in the form of nets are formed, green nets are connected, and the green area are inserted into the seams of the city and integrated into the green net. The urban and suburban areas are organically connected. The superposition of the water system and the green network has enriched the landscape layers in the city, optimized the people’s living environment, and allowed people and the environment to coexist.

Yan Ma, Xuejign Wang, Linjing Tian

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

∞ CITY

The storm tide disaster is a natural disaster that causes serious loss of life and property worldwide. It has become one of the major challenges facing the international community in the coastal areas. Problem Solving : This conceptual design analyzes the internal causes of high-density urbanization vulnerability and the external causes of the strengthening of climate change, and discusses the concept of resilience planning in coastal cities. Put forward development goals and strategies to achieve a better balance between people and the environment. Main Features: Perform the planning and designing to the neritic regions, coastal areas and urban areas of city by taking the multiple infrastructure, making the nature working as the core thoughts. Through the multi-leveled system, reduce the damage of disaster to city, reinforce the city’s robustness, optimized the city’s special arrangement and reach the tenacious development. Transform the natural energies to the available energy for cities, optimize the cycling utilization of energies. Innovation Point: Under the background of urban and global storm tide disaster in the future, ∞ city is the thinking of what tenacious attitude we should have to respond to the disaster. We select the development future of China Zhengjiang Province Wenzhou city as the reference so as to assume one tenacious system for the city in the future.

Donghe Guo, Mofei Chi, Yuanchao Lu, Ningna Cui


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE WARM DESERT

Yulin city of Shaanxi Dingbian county “Ke zhu ri village”, is located in the northwest loess plateau region of China. Long time ago, “Ke zhu ri village” is surrounded by groups of horses and cattle, robin, clear rivers of Xanadu. However, because of the over-consumption of resources in Shaanxi and Inner Mongolia region in recent years, surrounding the invasion of Mu Us desert, lead to more and more serious ecological disaster! The villagers in the face of suffering sandstorms, serious land desertification, were helpless uprooted, forced to migrate. To solve the problem: The aim of the landscape design is to use science and technology and the creative concept of landscape science, drive the whole villagers to participate fighting natural disasters, such as land desertification and sandstorm , gradually change ruthless desert to warmth habitable environment, let people return to warm comfortable green homes. Main characteristics and innovations: Arsenic sandstone with Mu Us sandy land compound soil technology, thin-film ecological sand-fixation scheme, rain water recycling use, wind wall, windbreak forest zones will be built; solar photovoltaic panels, green village, green yard.

Anan Zhang, Hongshan Chen, Qing Zhao, Shiyuan Shen

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REGURGITATION FEEDING

REGURGITATING-FEEDING—an improvement program for the storm surge treatment in Bangladesh river estuary region. Coastal inundation and erosion, saline intrusion, land salinization, and habitat destruction of aquatic animals and reduction of fishery resources caused by overfishing are big threats imposed to Bangladesh estuaries. Natural disaster invasion buffer space was delimited based on the local land-form and assessed hardest hit areas, and “C-shaped” seawalls stretching miles were established in order to collect the waves and reduce the impact of water. Moreover, the disaster prevention space was created at the high ground of dam. In the stormless seasons, it can not only provide agricultural production and fish stocking, but also bring economic income to the local residents. When the storm has left, the fish stock can return to nature, and the improvement of eco-environment, recovery of biological richness, and enhanced resistance of nature disaster can be achieved to regurgitation-feeding nature.

Jingyang Jiang, Yuan Wang, Hongchen Zhang, Wenwei Yang

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE DEFENSIVENESS OF ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPE FOR COLD AND ARID CITIES In the current urban development, cities in high latitudes often bear more natural factors. This design scheme tries to solve the negative impact on the development of cold and arid cities in the high latitudes of Wuhai, the annual cold climate lasting five months, droughts caused by the wide gap between precipitation (162 mm) and evaporation (3481 mm), and the yearlong effects brought about by sandstorms of the third vastest desert of China. The concrete measures are to prevent sand and sand from eroding the river, to draw water to the city, to set up the subsidence space to adjust the local climate, and to gradually weaken the natural negative effects.Landscape design with ecological defense and self-regulation ability. With the passage of time, the urban subsidence space and the landscape water network of the urban system are connected and diffused to form an ecological development green city with self-regulating ability.

Songqiang Yu, Fengni Mo, Jiansen Jia

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE REVIVIFICATION OF CILIWUNG RIVER

In the last 100 years, with economic development and urban expansion, the Ciliwung River Valley in Jakarta, Indonesia, has randomly and disorderly formed countless slums. The river is squeezed into narrow, garbage heap, bad riverbank spatial order affects the river confluence, the river loses drainage and self-regulation function. The area is facing serious flooding and river pollution. Flood and river pollution lead to the destruction of ecological environment and the spread of bacterial diseases, which threaten the life and health of local residents. We hope that through the establishment of urban shared space system to alleviate the ecological and social problems of rivers and their surrounding areas, wake up the community to live. To revive the Ciliwung River. Our strategy is to expand the river channel through spatial integration, to give space to the river, to integrate the spatial order within the concession range, and to accept the residents who have been cleared of the adjacent river channel at the same time. In the process of integration, the resilience of the landscape is taken into account. The method of integration is to connect all aspects of residents’ lives with public space by using a “shared box”. At the same time, the residents’ living conditions and community relations should be reorganized, and the community residents should be guided to realize the “community selforganization” model step by step.

Jiahui Li, Yue Fan, Qiyue Shao, Ruiqing Lu, Wenzhi Fan Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REGENERATIVE OF LINEAR TOWN : LONGITUDINAL CONTROL AND TRANSVERSE EXTENSION

This scheme is located in YanChuan Town in Shaanxi Province, a representative linear town town distributed along the channel, which is located in the loess plateau gully region with low rainfall. Large areas in the gully region need to confront the problem of soil and water loss; The water is affected by rainwater runoff and water pollution of town residents and is accompanied by sudden seasonal flood; At the same time, the high density linear arrangement of urban buildings also blocks the continuity of landscape on both sides of the town, aggravating the heat island effect. This scheme aimed at dealing with urban natural disasters and construction of the town itself under the guidance of resilient strategy by promoting transverse development of mountain, water and town to break the town’s original longitudinal development. The specific measures are as follows: Restore mountain resilience by controlling soil erosion and constructing ecological green network, Activate the water resilience by repairing water pollution and dealing with flood disaster, and build the urban resilience by easing the residential pressure and intersecting the public green space. In this way, it can improve the local landscape environment adaptability of the urban residents, which further construct a harmonious living environment unit between urban residents and the local natural ecosystem.

Zhenying He, Li Jing, Cong Wen

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

COLOURFUL DAOWEI RIVER

The name of the project is “Colourful Daowei River.” At present, mankind is facing serious problems of ethnic separation, conflict, and mutual distrust. This project takes the Daowei Valley in a multi-ethnic community in China as an example to explore the design of a new community. The Hetang and Hebao, where the Tibetan, Salar, Han, and Hui people in the Daowei Valley live together, is a specific design object. Based on the “mutual aid, co-building, and sharing”, the design plan uses the three major landscape link of cultural space, natural environment, and resource facilities to connect and promote “communion, exchange, and mutual trust” of all ethnic groups, and ultimately realize the harmonious coexistence of “man and nature, nation and nation”. The same sky is overhead, the same land under the feet. Can different ethnic groups coexist harmoniously? Based on the in-depth investigation and research, this project presents a unique and innovative solution.

Rong Fan, Xiaoran Zhang, Zi Wang

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

OUT OF THE SIEGE

- THE RESILIENT LANDSCAPE DESIGN OF THE MARSHES OF MOUNT LIANG

The project is located in Liangshan County, Jining City, Shandong Province. The Liangshan Mountain is the most important mountain, and the county is rich in hydrology and water resources. Urban construction spreads to the foothills, destroys the city borders, and the natural ecological space and cultural activities are out of balance. Geologic resources dislocation, the formation of “isolated landscape, mountain interval” morbid form of urban space. Designed to address urban development and shantytowns space Liangshan white Strip, trying to build a repair matrix with an extension of the innovative design of the base of the mountain. It also incorporates the concepts of the Northern Song Dynasty culture, Shuihu culture, landscape corridors, and cultural corridors to display its unique cultural charm. The innovation of design starts with the construction of the urban ecological network pattern and the cultural corridor, and creates the elastic landscape.Construction of three green corridor, to create harmony, complement each other ecological corridor. In order to become the ideal person flexible, ecological, cultural blending the living environment of space.

Yang Wang, Dandi Zhao, Wen Deng, Weijia Li, Hanrui He Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

LANDSCAPE AGGLUTINANT

-THE RESILIENCE SURVIVABILITY OF VILLAGES IN THE CITY

The site is named Luojia village, which is a typical representative of hundreds of urban village in Xian City, it was surrounded by functional section but blocked and isolated by walls. We need sufficient preparations for threatens indisasters and integrating with the surroundings while cooperating for development. PROBLEM: Under the almost extremely living condition, though hidden danger everywhere but these living place has extraordinary diversity and share-ability, we hoping to extend the vibrant landscape by our design strategy. STRATEGY: The target for this site is safety, integration and development.Reconstructing the near-ground space, forming into street safety space to make sure people can pass through safely during disaster happens.Breaking the walls, increasing the number of the exit way.Point renewal shopfront to promote integration and self-renewal.In ordinary days, new landscape infrastructure will be the fresh sight of the place. INNOVATION: In the post-urbanization era, the integration of virtual society is increasing, however, the gap between the realistic society is increasing. The resilience development of cities is more relying on the patching of crevices in different dimensions. What we are focusing on is the scuffing capacity of landscapes on small scale spaces, promoting sharing, symbiosis and self renewal of fragile site, and enhancing the integration among people with different incomes, occupations, and academic qualifications and so on.

Shengqiang Lu, Shihui Wang, Xupeng Ge, Huini Guo Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

TO THE UNKNOWN - THE LANDSCAPE IN WATER

The site of the project is located in Huangshi City, Hubei Province, in the midst of Huang Jing Mountain, Daye Lake and the Yangtze River, and also at the junction of Xisai Mountain, Yangxin County and Daye City. In terms of its surrounding landforms with the subtropical monsoon climate ,an average drought and flood occurs every four years, millions of acres of farmland damaged, buildings collapsed with casualties, bringing direct economic losses amounted to 100 million RMB. Due to the complexity of the disasters and the environment, this project aims to regulate water system horizontally and vertically to achieve mutual benefit and symbiosis between human and nature. Horizontally, river water flushing and inflowing and the related problems will be solved by some prevention and absorption strategies. Vertically, water pollution and regional microclimate will be improved with absorbing and utilizing approaches. Nature, to us human beings, is almost the unknown with great resilience, on which we always respond to our city disasters by little knowledge. Natural vitality of urban environment will be rejuvenated by the landscape approaches well integrated into nature to improve urban resilience. The project aims to rejuvenate the urban environment damaged by disasters through landscape approaches. In other words, landscape approaches are stimulation to the unknown of nature to improve urban resilience.

Yu Qi, Ying Yan, Jie Tao, Shibo Cao

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

WATER STORY

- URBANITY WITHIN A SELF SUBSTAINABLE LANDSCAPE/CITY

THE WATER STORY Matilda Bay Reserve is a natural bay located within the Perth City of Western Australia, with pockets of wetlands and beaches, along with plenty of recreational facilities open to the public. It extends from Mounts Bay Road in the North to the Southern end of Pelican Point, an important breeding sanctuary for migratory birds, accompanied by Swan River on its right and an educational institution located opposite. Drastic earthworks in the past had exposed the land to pollution and harsh conditions. The current population could only imagine what Matilda Bay used to be, from the stories passed down from the Aboriginals and early explorers; a wetland paradise, a treasure trove of flora and fauna. Proposal ‘Water Story’ strives to rejuvenate Matilda Bay to its former glory and further, through reinforcement, by utilising natural interventions against immediate natural calamities especially radiant heat, heavy rainfall, rising sea levels and destructive floods. All while reconciling the land with a broader ecological system, in confidence of restoring the once cherished biodiversity. ‘Crawley Bath’, a title and site as remembered by our forefathers will be re-established where engaging with the waters of Matilda Bay is encouraged, particularly in an integrative manner.

Bryan Chng Jing Xiang, Lim Bee Huang, Monthamas Sawatthanakoon, Ng Ting Yu University of Western Australia


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

OASIS REVOLUTION

The desertification in the world is becoming worse and worse today, and Dalad Banner on the Silk Road is being eroded by sand dunes from the Western Kubuqi Desert. 60 years ago, there used to be dense vegetation here. But due to human destruction, it turned into the desert. According to the social background and problems in the region, our solutions are divided into three major stages based on the specific conditions in different regions. In the first stage, measures such as installation of anti-sand walls and condensing systems were used to achieve sand prevention and sand fixation and ecological restoration; in the second stage, the original inefficient power supply mode can be updated by developing clean energy, and the agricultural development can be adjusted by adjusting the biological chain. In the third stage, through planning, a new desert city will be established, which can be the driver for local economic development.

Yongkang Guan, Yitao Li, Wenjun Shi, Wenhao Luo, Jie Liang

Nankai University, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Chang’an University, Sichuan Agricultural University, Guang Xi Arts Institute


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

RESILIENT LANDSCAPES OF FLOODED URBAN AREAS. TIBER RIVER BASIN, ROME, ITALY.

The case of study is a suburb in the SouthWest of Rome. The primary connections of the area are the State Road 8 and the Railway. The Tiber river delta plane is a very natural place, with considerable problems related to seasonal floods, that very frequently affect the urban areas. The vulnerability of the site depends on the tremendous and rapid urban sprawl: there are no public areas, and there are many empty spaces as well. Moreover, the neighbourhood is entirely car-oriented, without enough spaces for pedestrians, and is characterized by a high density of population. The project aims to investigate the possibilities to use the empty spaces to create areas that can collect the water and reduce the flood problem significantly. It consists of the identification of two main corridors of intervention: one inside the neighbourhood and close to the main channel, and another at the border. The creation of new floodable basins to collect the channel’s water is a possible solution to the lack of public spaces and the seasonal floods. The channels and the vegetation are the main cultural landmarks and became here the structure of the new green areas, with more flexible and sensitive urban spaces.

Daniele Stefàno

Università degli Studi di Firenze


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ISLANDS OF REBIRTH

In recent Years, the government vigorously developed heavy industry in order to reverse the trend of economic decline in Lushunkou District, resulting in a sharp decline in the area of agricultural land and the deterioration of the regional environment. The tourism industry also suffered a heavy blow. In the meantime, the rise in unemployment has exacerbated the loss of the agricultural workers’ population in Lushunkou District and further weakened the region’s potential for economic growth. The project aims to create a sustainable maritime agricultural landscape that will create better environment and employment opportunities for agricultural practitioners. While rejuvenating the agricultural economy in the region, it will also create a more dynamic maritime landscape and inject new impetus into the recovery of tourism.

Chen Yanzhou

Dalian Jiaotong University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

GROWING SEASHORE

Wenzhou is located in the middle of the Chinese Pacific coastline (about 18000 km),and is a silt coast zone which seriously affected by storm surges. Since 400 AD,Wenzhou area has gradually formed by natural siltation.People built defense systems by building sandbanks and Tanghe(the artificial river for flood control) to push forward the coastline and expand the city. Natural water system and artificial Tanghe network becomes the framework of its urban fabric.

Wanting Lin, Lizhu Zeng, Yuanyuan Zhang, Xiaofang Liu

Gold Mantis School of Architecture, Soochow University Landscape Architecture


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE REBIRTH OF THE BLACK GOLD

Jiuli District is located in the northwest of Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province, China. There is a very rich underground mine, and PangZhuang coal mine in Jiuli District is one of them. The underground mining has resulted in the collapse of the ground and the High groundwater level in Xuzhou area, thus forming a collapsed lake, and the coal mining subsidence caused a collapsing Lake. The construction of the mining area and the agricultural land are tense, the contradiction between human and land is prominent, and the land subsidence causes the ecological environment problems, such as serious environmental pollution, soil erosion, land salinization and so on, and it is urgent to carry out ecological restoration. One of the most important points is that there are many mining workers’ villages around Jiuli Lake, and whether these people’s future life quality can be solved by landscape design is the hardest but most need to be solved in our plan. In 2006, the municipal government planned to build the Jiuli lake wetland, which is one of the important contents to revitalize Xuzhou old industrial base and coal mining subsidence. However, excessive anthropogenic interference and the construction trend of urban parks in East Lake can lead to the reverse succession of wetland biocommunities.Therefore, we use the principle of natural restoration to repair and update the damaged ecological environment, and put this element into consideration in landscape design. This is an innovation in our plan

Miao Yankai, Chen Huan, Wu Yue, Dong Yanchu China University of Mining and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

PLAN FOR OIL SPILL

-A RESILIENT LANDSCAPE INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEM FOR KHARG, A CITY WITH A HIGH RISK OF OIL SPILL. Oil spills often cause serious damages to eco-system and human society. Traditional methods like booms, skimmers, burning and chemical dispersant are not efficient or ecofriendly. How could landscape planning and design help on the issue? This is what the project tries to figure out. Kharg is an important oil industry city of Iran atich is also a high-sensitive city to oil spills with its fishing industry and coral system. To avoid the damage of a potential oil spill, we make an emergency plan and carry it out through a landscape infrastructure design The plan is based on a simulation experiment of a 10,000-ton oil spill at the main terminal with DHI’s oil spill model 4 stages of actions--defense, absorption, dispersant, and burning are applied according to the prediction. The first two stages, which rely on a landscape infrastructure system, will cover 85% of the oil released. The landscape infrastructure forms a linear coastal system with dynamic knots of Oyster Dams, Floating Fish-Farming Stations with super-hydrophobic sponge barriers) and Mametic Oil Spill Recovery Vessels. All the knots have their special uses when oil spill occurs, while they also play important roles in Kharg people’s everyday life as parts of the landscape system (boardwalk, fish farming stations and hammock plaza). A landscape infrastructure helps when disaster comes. That is resilience.

Zhou Huaiyu, Xiang Shuangbin, Chen Shuangyun, Wang Hongye, Wang Yang Tsinghua University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

URBAN GREENERY AS A SOLUTION FOR LIFESTYLE DISEASES Despite the technological progress that one can nowadays observe, there are more and more diseases that come as a result of our lifestyle. Hi-tech innovations are, paradoxically, strengthening this phenomenon. The problem is still growing and it is practically impossible to eliminate it. 21st century diseases include obesity, stress, allergy, mental disorders and problems with the circulatory system. Society takes medicines, supplements, sophisticated methods of treatment, searching for causes, and not really the reasons. The aim of the project is prevention by putting on the wisdom of nature. Nature affects our health even at the cellular level so nature should be seen as a healing and mitigating factor. The idea is to inject greenery into the city fabric just like a doctor injects medications into patient’s body. Grey concrete streets in the city of Kielce will change into green spaces. The main assumption is to make people aware that even a small step can naturally have a huge impact on everyday health and constitute a specific remedy for 21st century diseases.

Gabriel GrÄ…dek, MacieJ Malik, Tomasz Gugula, Pawiel Szewoyle

Kielce University of Technology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

SHAPING ROADSIDE BIODIVERSITY IN KIELCE Reconstruction of species biodiversity in plant plantings in Kielce. Biodiversity is the basis of life on Earth. Thanks to it, it is possible to function ecosystems, from which we draw the necessary resources, such as oxygen, food, water. In the last hundred years, the disappearance of biodiversity in the world is visible, what is more, in Europe it is even bigger. This fact is particularly important for our health, and the current state leads to many diseases of cities such as allergies, air pollution, excessive noise. The biodiversity decline effect prevails in city centers at intersections of roads with the highest traffic intensity. Green belts leading to intersections are very poor in it. Usually, they are evenly trimmed lawns with a large area and have great potential. Cars slow down, leaving more exhausts, moreover, when braking friction between the tire and the road surface is generated and unwanted chemical compounds are created, for which there is no greenery to filter the air. The contaminants cause heart attacks, IQ decline, support alzheimer’s disease. Cars with the same, produce a lot more noise, which can cause: irritability, stress, fatigue, sleep disorders, decrease in concentration. Lack of biodiversity influences the resistance of our organisms, hence allergies that are more and more common in the society. In order to minimize the above-mentioned problems, we suggest to enrich these areas with a variety of greenery, and this will have a positive effect on many factors.

Dawid Herbet, Pawel kościowski, Monika Urbaniak, Zuzanna Marszal Kielce University of Technology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

IMPROVEMENT OF RAINWATER RETENTION ON ARABLE LANDS IN THE SWIETOKRZYSKIE PROVINCE

- DROUGHT IN AGRICULTURAL AREAS

The project refers to the drought problem on arable areas in świętokrzyskie province in Poland, occurred as a result of inadequate land management in 70’ties (creating large scale farmlands, land draining and elimination of midfield natural reservoirs) and climate change. The analysis shows that agricultural areas predominate in Poland, therefore it is crucial to eliminate problems related to that economy sector. Research on drought occurrence based on 2017 data, proves that świętokrzyskie province is among other regions in Poland the most endangered with water scarcity. Four separate plots of different topography and location are selected for detailed study. The aim of the project is to improve water management and develop water disposing methods in drainage systems and also its appropriate use for irrigating agricultural fields. Due to the permutations in precipitation over years (climate change consequences) , all types of water storage systems should be introduced and evaporation should be reduced. Proposed solutions focus on natural midfield reservoirs restoration, reducing rain water outflow, rainwater surplus transport and storage into the specially designed village tanks, creating special soil layers facilitating water retention, appropriate systems for the fields use reducing evaporation, crops’ type change for plants with less water demand. These methods could be applied not only in this particular province but also as a general concept of water management approach in Poland.

Lidia Jańczy, Karolina Huk, Alicja Stefańska, Klaudia Zygmunt, Joanna Orzińska Kielce University of Technology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

PHYTOREMEDIATION PATH FOR AIR POLLUTION. WARSAW CASE STUDY

The project aims to create a phytoremediation path for the capital of Poland – Warsaw, to reduce air pollution and smog problems. Warsaw, as the center of an aglomeration is exposed to a wide range of air pollutants, which is caused not only by traffic, but also low stack-emission and industry. The air quality in Warsaw is very low and more and more onerous for inhabitants. Dangerous to health carcinogenic dusts and carbon oxides are emitted to the atmosphere. In order to improve the environment quality that inlfuences citizens’s health, a system of green phytoremediation paths is created. The main paths are located along the railway on an undeveloped area, that belong to a municipality. It creates a green buffer zone alinged to the most common in this area wind direction. This measure considerably reduces harmful substances movement in the city. Along the main paths modular pocket parks were located. Species and sizes of phytoremediation plants are chosen to best fit the local conditions. Paths are created as “the walls” for the smog and quality of air improvement, and also place’ aesthetic improvement. Species selection will be based on plants, which best purify the air, are easy to care and have the opportunity to grow in difficult environment conditions. The use of a biological method to environmental purrification – the phytoremediation – considerably improves the environment quality in highly urbanized area.

Marta Leszkowicz, Krystian Ciurkot, Kinga Gola, Anna Kisiel, Katarzyna Karasek Kielce University of Technology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

URBAN GREENERY AS A SOLUTION FOR CITY OVERHEATING The matter of the project concerns overheating of cities phenomenon. The first board shows the problem in the world and local view. An example of the local view as the Portland city, Oregon, US has been attached. Thank of that we can see clearly the most critical places, where the Heat Island phenomenon appears. The next sheet concerns the matter: problem and resolution of city overheating, what is based of the Kielce city example. Kielce is similar sized city as the Portland, the attached heating surfaces data has been used. The solution concerns the main square- only a small part of city. Nonethless, thank for operating in greater scale, pronounced benefits can be reached. The attached resolutions: - Artificial spraying of overheated horizontal surfaces with water, using special water collectors system. - Re-designing of the square- turning unnecessary pavements and another hard surfaces on the green surfaces with full- graduated greenery. -Using constructions what made a shadow in sunny days Another resolution haven’t attached in the sheet: -Social knowledge about greenery adhibitation and protection. -Constraint on the designers and developers implementations of more environmentally-friendly projects, - using the city air hallways during urban-planning process. Through the city air hallways the heated air is blown away. The second board contains also benefits of greenery in a city and an example of the best way how the greenery in a city shall be composed.

Mateusz Małek, Olga Chypurko, Bartosz Nędza, Anna Sternytska

Kielce University of Technology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

IMPROVING FLOOD PROTECTION ON VISTULA RIVER WITHIN ADMINISTRATIVE BORDERS OF SWIETOKRZYSKIE PROVINCE In the last dozen or so years, Central Europe was the area that suffered particularly from flood. In Poland the flood risk occurs throughout the year. The result of the floods are enormous material losses, financial outlays, fatalities and wounded. The number of injured in 2017 reached 173 and killed 13. Low level of surface and ground water retention as well as lack of retention reservoirs, polders, dry reservoirs, reservoirs with flood reserve is an additional factor increasing the risk of flooding. The analyzes carried out showed the need to adapt the existing flood infrastructure to climate change. The development of settlement areas and changes in the use of land in areas adjacent to the river resulted in the liquidation of riverside polders. The project involves the reconstruction of natural absorbent surfaces. Agricultural areas have been used for this purpose. These areas will be used as agricultural areas and during the flood they will accumulate water. The result will be protection of built-up areas. The water that was supposed to flood the houses of people will be found in polders. For water regulation, culverts will be used which additionally will strengthen the embankment. During the hazard, the culvert will be opened. The flood embankment and culvert will also be a recreational area. As additional security for people, it is recommended to build houses in a special system.

Karolina Met, Justyna Rurarz, Kinga Walczyk, Agnieszka Potrzebowska, Milena Laskus Kielce University of Technology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

WILDNESS IN URBAN LANDSCAPE The aim of the project is to introduce beneficial insects, especially bees, into the city space. Bees appeared on the ground 100 million years ago and have survived to this day which indicates their ability to adapt and develop. One important reason why we should protect insects is the economic aspect. It is estimated that 1/3 of the total food in the world depends on the work of pollinating insects. Their work is valued at hundreds of millions of dollars a year. Over the years, the problem of extinction of beneficial insects is increasing. The main insect protection point has been developed throughout the city. It is located in the city center in order to integrate man with wild nature. We also indicated 2 potential points where it is possible to continue our idea. The project includes the creation of flower, honey meadows and fruit orchards in the area of the existing park in Kielce. The assumption of the project is to preserve the existing greenery and planting tall trees, shrubs and perennials. Crowding of trees protects lower melliferous plants from leaching nectars and pollen through the rain. Other design assumptions include the introduction of bee hives and homes for beneficial insects to the downtown park. The project proposes a solution to the problem of the lack of insects useful in the city space and shows how important they are needed for the survival of the human species.

Klaudia Nabel, Jakub Stolarek, Hubert Bujak, Julia Kazberuk

Kielce University of Technology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

SOFT LANDSCAPE SOLUTIONS FOR WATER MANAGEMENT IN KIELCE The main objective of the project is to strengthen the environmental resistance associated with heavy rainfall in the city center of Kielce. The undertaken activities will be directed at preventing the creation or minimization of negative effects of natural phenomena such as: destructive action of flood waters and flooding. Kielce are in the flood threatened area and the existing infrastructure protecting against floods is insufficient. Parts of the city are completely excluded from use, even during small flooding. In addition, it is a small city with insufficient budget for large revitalization programs, therefore we need fora solution which can be implementedin stages in smaller areas to introduce real and visible changes for users. The solution is the implementation of comprehensive activities involving the use of such elements as the retention basin, root boxes, vegetable passages, absorbent ditches, flow channels, retention rebates. The planned areas will use such plants as scythes, sieves, sedges, violets.

lweta Pietrzyk, Katarzyna CzyĹźewska, Agata Jarska

Kielce University of Technology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

RESILIENCE OF NATURE IN THE CITY Our project focuses on the problem of birds in cities, mostly on having no control over birds in urbanized landscape. Today more and more animals come into cities looking for food and shelter - this problem also concerns birds. Long ago they lived freely in forests and fields, but nowadays they have to flee to the built-up areas. This is caused by fast urbanization, which takes away their natural homes (trees) and their natural food resource (fields). Climate change has a bad influence on plants, so eating is easier inside the cities. The list of bird species finding home between buildings is constantly getting larger. Right now pigeons, seagulls and crows are a big issue in cities around the world. Unfortunately sparrows, jackdaws, swallows and others are also being added to that list. The biggest problem with these flying animals is that we have a much higher disease spread. Besides, a lot of them set their nests in such ways and places, that has destructive influence on buildings. On the example of Warsaw (Poland) we are planning to make two parks inside the city, restricted only for birds - one which is connected to water, and the second which is surrounded by buildings. Both of them will have trees suited for nesting and for their diet. The parks will be a large complex with various conveniences made for our little allies.

Olga Heba, Kinga Krawczyk, Weronika Kukawka, Anna Grabam Tadeusz Kowalczyk

Kielce University of Technology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

PROJECT OF GREEN & BLUE INFRASTRUCTURE -

RECONSTRUCTION OF THE SILNICA VALLEY Nowadays major problems in cities include rivers’ flooding, flash floods and the lack of proper rainwater infiltration. On average circa 42% city centres’ area is built-up with impermeable paving. Therefore, the theme of the project is green and blue infrastructure reconstruction of the Silnica valley in Kielce, Poland. Silnica is a small, regulated river flowing through dense urban area. Partially it flows under the streets of the city center. During a heavy rain, flash floods occur. The aim of the project covers an increase of the river biodiversity by introducing diverse vegetation. Unfriendly surroundings and river banks will be adapted to the needs of users. Infiltration of water will be improved. Also, solutions such as: hervious paving, rain gardens and bioswales will be adopted. The planned development has new uses related to the location of the place and the potential visitor. Geometric shapes are designed in the city center, while in the further part of the city the river has an organic line and restored natural shape.

Karolina Karbowniczek, Adrianna Kuś, Angelika Barańska, Karolina Ciba, Kamila Ksiąźek Kielce University of Technology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

PHYTOREMEDIATION AS A RESPONSE TO THE PROBLEM OF AIR POLLUTION IN KIELCE Air pollution is a serious polish problem. In recent years, the quality of air in our country has dramatically decreased. The main cause of air pollution in Kielce is single-family houses. Slichowice are located between single-family housing, a track with industrial buildings and a geological reservation. our concept assumes land development cutTently unused, which was originally intended for road construction. In order to improve the quality of life people, we designed a surrounding park with connection the nature reservation. Storability plants creates a natural barrier for dusts and other pollutants. The phenomenon of phytoremediation used in the project significantly improves the quality of air. According to numerous studies conducted in this field in various scientific centers, park grass with an area of 1 ha absorbs an average of 8 kg CO2 per hour. One hundred mature trees removes up to 460 kg of pollutants per year, including 136 kg of suspended dust. In addition, the selection of plant species refers to the natural environment of this area. The greater amount of greenery in the spaces between the buildings, green roofs, walls will create a natural barrier for pollutants that will push residents on each side. The new public space will serve not only as an air filter, but also noise protection and above all it will enrich the housing estate with new recreational zones for people and animals.

Malgorzata Kaluşa, Malgorzata Traczyńska, Krystian Kras, Karolina Kowalska Kielce University of Technology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

NEW SEASON IN THE CITY

IFLA - 88 - 01

IFLA - 88 - 02 HISTORY 1960 t tmen Apar Prime

1977

on tati nS eo By ng Ga

1984

Korea was famous for beautiful mountains and river in the world. I want to tell you about Gangbyeon, Dongseoul Terminal. It is right next to the Hanriver. Hanriver is the river in the middle of Seoul. Gangbyeon Station and Technomart are located around Dongseoul Terminal Station. Before the Dongseoul Terminal was opened in 1980, Gangbyeon Station was the place where only the Han River, the reeds and the cosmos field were located. It was small like a train station on a rural railroad track. In the late 1980s, Dongseoul Terminal, Technomart, and apartment complexes were formed, and this area was crowded with many people. The ecosystem would have been destroyed accordingly. Reeds purify water, prevent pests, and protect animals (mainly birds). It also absorbs airborne pollutants. The destruction of these ecosystems only makes cities more and more sick. To solve this problem, we turn the terminal into a park. The terminal is a public place that everyone can use. Ironically, however, these public facilities have fallen into facilities that they have not used the most. It has a very large site, but the number of visitors is small. The compartment is about 20% of the area and is mostly used as a parking facility. Nowadays, unmanned cars are coming out from Google, and future vehicles do not need many cars. Therefore, we will only accept 70% of the route, and we will use a wider area per car. A long distance will take by train, a short distance by bus. It would better for the nature.

en op

Jamsil train bridge

LOCATION

0 199

2000~

Changing Landscape

New Season in the City STRATEGY

PROBLEMS Cut down bus lines : eliminate Gangwondo line Heavy TraďŹƒc

Unbalance of Usage change bus stop system

Destruction of Ecosystem

Bus station go underground

Oer City Park to people, to nature

Too much bus lines compared to its size Noise

Yoojin Her

Gachon University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REWEAVING OF THE SILKLAND

Reweaving of The Silk Land

--TASHKURGAN STONE CASTLE & ALAR GOLD GRASS WETLAND RESILIENT LANDSCAPE DESIGN

The location of the project is in Tashkurghan, Kashgar, Xinjiang, China. It belongs to the Pamir Plateau. It is high altitude, cold, arid and semi-arid climate. The specific site is the Stone Castle and the Alar gold grass wetland opposite the road. Stone Castle is an important transit station of the ancient Silk Road. Due to some of natural disasters such as wind damage and flood, it is gradually disappearing with only residual walls. Alar gold grass wetland is under the Stone Castle. Because of the Tashkurghan River, the water and grass are beautiful, and cattle and sheep are everywhere. This project solves the problem of the uneven distribution of water resources in the site by reweaving the water environment structure of the site, then, reweaving a protection forest in the way of natural succession through irrigated by the wetland. Finally, it will form a wetlandprotection forest- green wall ecological protection system to protect the ancient castle and delay the cracking and leakage of the ancient city. Our innovation point is putting forward a self-sufficient, resilient and gradual extension method. We integrate the concept of silk fully, through reweaving of water net, vegetation and green wall to form the silk land that can prevent wind, store water and adjust the temperature. Meanwhile, the ancient Silk Road and local culture are integrated into the design to continue the history and culture.

Green wall design Green wall is a form of urban vertiacl greening,with green plants covered on the surface.It is also called living wall.

—Tashkurgan Stone Castle & Alar gold grass wetland resilient landscape design

How we read it and how we use it Fully respecting the existing landscape and architecture of the site, and continue the culture; Using the existing water sources to reweave a rich and balanced water environment reasonably, and continue the natural succession process of vegetation to reweave the vegetation environment; Using the wall to protect the ancient city wall;build a sustainable landscape.

Natural disasters increasing year by year

Flood G314

Seasonal Snowmelt Makes Floods In Summer,from June to August

Cyclone Leading wind direction

Located in the open space of the Tajik Town, Tajik Autonomous County, the G314 in the west is the main transportation route of TA county. The ancient city road passes through the middle of Stone City and Alar Kim grass beach, becoming an important traffic route.

Gobi on the northwest side

The vegetation coverage in the northwest of the stone city is low, mostly deserted.

The most serious damage area of the wall

The three rows of houses built on this side of the building are now eroded by wind, leaving only walls. The roof has been eroded, and the walls have split a large gap.

Concept of the wall

Referencing the Irrigation System of Wells Connected by Underground Channel, we bank the sufficient moisture of the flood season of the river to nourish the dry soil on the other side, which create the condition of living for woods and other plants, which help creating and promoting the Self-Circulation Micro-ecosystem. Shelter Forest has the motivated and directed function of Windproof, Protection and Soil-fixation ;underground Channel collects very little part of water from the bottomland that makes no negative effect on the original appearance of nature. Underground Channel remittance the ponding of floods season also.The Transpiration form growing woods contributes to partly increase the humidity and temperature of this micro-environment;

The main function of the wall is defense. We proposed the concept of wall protection by wall. Protect the ancient city wall by building an ecological green wall around it.

Outside channel

Shaft

Inner channel

Aquifer

Silk trestle

Taxkorgan is one of the important posts of the a nci e nt S i l k R oa d . I n order to continue the historical culture, we designed the silk trestle. It was shuttle between the green wall and the ancient city wall.

The Main trestle

The Stone castle is made of sone. To continue the memory of the place,We select the texture of gravel to design the trestle. The shape of trestle is a heap of gravel, and the Stone castle is at the top of the it.

Mountains Headwaters

Irrigation system of wells connected by underground channel used in Xinjiang ■ Shaft to ventation and excavation,repair qanat soil when used. ■ Qanat leads to an underground river,so the desert into an oasis. ■ These are the qanat mouth of the shaft.

The forest

Human irrigation

The combination of trees and shrubs in the dominant wind direction of the ancient city is added to the surface and the grassland is added to increase the surface roughness, reduce the wind speed, and reduce the damage to the building.

Vegetation coverage Snowmelt utilization

ars ye 10 r late

W

NO

In the northwest part of the stone city, most of them are in Gobi.

Delete part of the original plank road, and connect and expand the original two independent spaces by using flyovers. The establishment of a hanging wooden trestle in the shelterbelt makes the human space detached from the ground and the wetland, allowing people to go deep into it and provide the possibility of close range viewing without affecting the growth of animals and plants.

Some shrubs will be planted artificially. During the flood season, the snowmelt water is directed to the bottom of the stone city through the underground culverts excavated, and the pond is formed ,surface water exist.

ars ye 30 r late The culvert flows through the bottom of the ground to form a groundwater system. In addition to the low level water, design ambition aims to circulate high level water into a whole microclimate system, the watchtower plays an impartant role in the system which takes the vapour to a higher place. It breaks the limitation of the water only in low places and regulates the microclimate of the high place.

Gallery road

Future

love this big

B eside

the stone city,it is a big scale of wet land.It looks beautiful,but always been affected by the flood.Why can't these two place both look good?

ars ye 50 r late The shelterbelt is basically formed, and the regional environment forms a microclimate, which can adjust and adapt each other.

STORY I

stone i live near by,but it has been quickly destoried recently.

+

I have a dream.One day,my lovely big stone will look like the castle where the princess live in ,be surrounded by the colourful trees,and the sky will be pink like the cartoon!

The Prospected Changes of the Cross Section of Shelter Woods-Bottomland

Ekram, Cuiting Zhang, Shuhong Xu, Shaohao Chen, Yijia Wu

Shanghai Normal University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE BAY GUARDIAN The Jiaozhou Bay was originally an important wetland in China. It was affected by natural factors such as rising sea levels and sea reclamation. On one hand, this leads to the degradation of wetlands, therefore reducing urban ecological resilience.On the other hand, although the government is actively promoting the retum of farmland to the sea, a single rough land expropriation causes a large number of farmers lose their land to work in the city, living in poverty, causing urban problems. The project hopes to make a sustainable design for Jiaozhou Bay—to enhance ecological flexibility and solve economic and social problems. The recreation route was laid, the form of farmland changed from water square to the natural form of high level by layer by layer, and the new seawater crops were introduced to form a comprehensive wetland combining the artificial wetland with the farmland and the combination of tourism and agricultural production. The project innovatively uses the step farmland structure to connect the broken habitat to form different functional areas, meanwhile, the seawater agriculture is introduced to improve the economic benefits in the restoration of wetland. It can not only enhance the resistance and resilience of the wetland ecosystem, improve the urban resilience, but also improve the economic income of the farmers, slow down the speed of the peasants into the city and alleviate the urban problems.

Zheng Xian, Kun Liu, Lijiao Feng, Xinglu Qiao Nanjing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards

Owing to its lowland, a major reason of flood in Khonkaen, Thailand. Although there are many manmade lakes in the city, the inundation problem still occurs. The site is located in city’s detention area. Near future development will be a big interchange station between cross country high-speed rail and local light rail train, right on the site where it will connect international and domestic people on the platform. Due to the future urbanization, Khonkaen population will reach up to 620,000 people in 20 years. This project integrated Blue & Green Infastructure to the Principle of Transit Oriented Development for the city under concept of Khonkaen Green Interchange. The 2 systems derived from flow of green space merging the site together makes green network connecting Public Park at different scales. Total green public space will provide up to 560,000 square meters for the future expansion referred to WHO Standard. Next, the blue system, according to the water management plan, new city’s detention area, city lake, bioswale, and dry-detention pond are implemented. In the process, Detention Pond receives water surface run off from the Bioswale and store in each pond. After that, it will send to the public drainage system. Besides, I design variety of spaces, a Green Infrastructure, which can conduct, and store water surface run off. Eventually, this project will be new prototype of sustainable developing city center to live with the nature.

Detail Convention centre

LRT system

Blue system

Light Rail Train

blue system, according to the water management plan, new city’s detention area, city lake, bioswale, and dry-detention pond are implemented.This system will hold water before send to Public drainage system

SITE LANDUSE

Economic flow

Knowledge flow

MICE flow

Festival flow

High Speed Rail Double Track Rail

Light Rail Train

SITE LOCATION

1.6 kilometers

KHONKAEN RAIL STATION CITY CENTRE DEVELOPMENT FOR NATURAL VARIATION SUPPORT

KhonKaen Rail Station City Centre Developmenfor Natural Variation Support

Radius distance of transit oriented area service form khonkaen station

UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

Detail Festival lawn

558 rai

red landuse high commercail and residential zone FAR 8:1 blue landuse goverment land, can be like any landuse depand on the location light green landuse city’s openspace for recreation

North Central khonkaen South Bigc railway community East ruem rom rd. rail’s slum West empty land Sri than village

Site Surrounding Green system

Detail Learning centre

1.Regional gateway

-khonkaen station -bus terminal -event space -LRT station -welcome lawn -tourist information 3.Vibrant town

-condominium -elder house -community mall -sport area -community market

The flow of green space that merge the site together, this green flow also connect with the nearby public park that make this site blend with urban fabric

Positive Effect of Site

5.Cultural district

-Cutural center -KK museum -Hotel -Art gallery -Amphitheater

7.Smart office

-headquater office -commercial area -restaurant n cafe -hotel -office -community center

2.Festival lawn

-Festival lawn -office -shopping mall -Theater -information cen -sculpture garden 4.Convention centre

-shopping mall -office -restaurant n cafe -co-working -Convention center -parking -public park

6.Knowledge exchange

-KKU learning center -workshop area -SME shop -startup learning -mixuse -cafe -waterfront park

MASTER PLAN scale 1:4500 100

200

400

Detail Office area

Circulation system

Khonkaen Blue System Thing sang lake

Don Ya Nang Detention area Sri Than swamp

KHONKAEN GREEN INTERCHANGE

Thung Sang Detention area

Nhong kood swamp

Thanarak Detention area

Green Linkage

Pratu Muang Detention area

connected with green indrastructure and be a site green area that connect to surrounding, created a green network of the city

Green network

Flexible lawn

Park connecter

Kaen Nakorn Detention area

Water flow direction Kaen Nakorn lake

Our site is a low-land of the city so water flow from north to south and pass the site, this made Our site is one of the city retention area

Detention area

Blue Linkage

to storage water in the site before send to the public water management, to protect city from flood.

Bioswale

Dry detention pond

new city lake

Napon Jaturapuchapompong Chulalongkom University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards BTR BLUE NETWORK The location of the site, East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana is located approximately 80 miles northwest of New Orleans. The ability to move shipments of goods via the Mississippi River allowed for the expansion of industry and agriculture.

btr Blue network

the deluge of baton rouge

5.7

THAT’S TIMES MORE WATER THAN LAKE PONTCHARTRAIN...

7.1 trillion gallons FROM AUGUST 8TH - 14TH, LOUISIANA RECEIVED AN INCREDIBLE AMOUNT OF RAINFALL CAUSING RIVERS AND OTHER WATER BODIES TO SPILL OVER THEIR BANKS INTO POPULATED AREAS. BUT JUST HOW MUCH WATER DID LOUISIANA RECEIVE?

48% 52%

PRODUCED PRODUCED BY ANBY AUTODESK AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCT

YOUR CHANCE OF WINNING THE LOTTERY ON A SINGLE TICKET IS

0.00000342%

X29,240

12.5%

3

TIMES MORE WATER THAN HURRICANE KATRINA (2.3 TRILLION GALLONS)

7.1 TRILLION GALLONS YOUR CHANCE OF MEETING 2016 LOUISIANA HISTORIC FLOOD IS

YOUR CHANCE OF MEETING 2016 HISTORIC FLOOD AGAIN IS MUCH HIGHER THAN THE CHANCE OF WINNING THE LOTTERY

0.1%

The weir and berm system is used to mitigate

into the Amitethe River at a River controlled controlled flow prevents Amite level rate. This from rising controlled too high. flow prevents the Amite River level

are built up to 6 feet and the weirs allow water

100 YR FLOOD

AMITE RIVER

POND

WEIR

AMITE RIVER

19hr: 5ft 19hr: 5ft 14hr: 3ft 14hr: 3ft 10hr: 1ft

from19hr: rising too high. 5ft

CONNECTION

10hr: 1ft

14hr: 3ft

controlled flow prevents the Amite River level

reinforced bank and weir reinforced bank and weir

10hr: 1ft

reinforced bank and weir

BOTTOMLAND FOREST

The weir and berm system is used to mitigate flooding by reducing the flow rate of water into the Amite River. The system works by turning the

WEIR SYSTEM

ON-SURFACE CONNCECTION

bottomland into a large catch basin. The berms are built up to 6 feet and

ON-SURFACE CONNCECTION

the weirs allow water to flow at 4 feet. Once the bottomland basin fills

UNDER-SURFACE CONNCECTION EMERGENCY ALERT LIGHT TOWER

br flood buffer

to flow at 4it feet. bottomland basin fills and passes 4 feet, beginsOnce to let the water flow fills River and passes 4 feet, it begins let water flow into the Amite at a controlled rate. to This

to ON-SURFACE flow at 4 feet. Once the bottomland basin BOTTOMLAND

LAKE OR POND

and passes 4 feet, it begins to let water flow into the Amite River at a 0

8

2

4

controlled rate. This controlled flow prevents the Amite River level from

8

SCALE: 1” = 2 MI

SCALE: 1” = 2 MI

YOUR CHANCE OF WINNING THE LOTTERY ON A SINGLE TICKET IS

intothe a large The berms are built upbottomland to 6 feet and weirscatch allowbasin. waterFOREST BOTTOMLAND built Once up to the 6 feet and the weirs to flow at 4arefeet. bottomland basinallow water

fills and passes 4 feet, it begins to let water flow

REINFORCED BANK

WEIR POND

flooding reducing ratetheof water into the Amite River. The by system worksthe by flow turning River. The system by turning the bottomlandthe intoAmite a large catch basin. Theworks berms

bottomland into a large catch basin. The berms

from rising too high.

POND

BOTTOMLAND FOREST

matsflooding will be by used only theofproject sitetodue to coat. The weir in and berm system is used mitigate reducing theareas flow of rate water into

BOTTOMLAND AMITE RIVER intoTOthe Amite River at a controlled rate. This

BOTTOMLAND

only in areas of the project site due to coat. BOTTOMLAND FOREST

root and hold the soil in place. These slope stabilization

GALLON CAPACITY

POND TO BOTTOMLAND the Amite River. The system works by turning the

POND OR LAKE

that allows plants to take root and hold the soil in place. These slope stabilization mats will be used

10hr: 1ft

system will use vegetation mats that allows plants to take

GALLON CAPACITY

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL 100 YR FLOOD PRODUCT

UNDER-SURFACE CONNCECTION

4

14hr: 3ft

The weir and berm system is used to mitigate

PRIVATELY OWNED

2

19hr: 5ft

flooding by reducing the flow rate of water into

PUBLICLY ACCESSIBLE

0

Points of heavy water flow will require the use of slope stabilization techniques to prevent erosion. The Blue network

Our system contains 125 individual ponds and lakes which will be interconnected with approximately 3,886 acres of bottomland forest. PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT The ponds in this system range in size from 0.47 acres up to 27 acres with an average depth of 4.5 feet. The 3,886 bottomland hardwood forest will have a maximum holding capacity of 5,065,037,270 gallons of water when it is full to its 4 foot holding depth.

UNDER-SURFACE CONNECTION

BUSINESSES AND RESIDENCES IN EAST BATON ROUGE PARISH IS COVERED BY FLOOD INSURANCE

0.00000342%

rising too high.

FLOOD BUFFER TOOLKIT

Flood buffer zones with varied level of buffer strategies protect residential area from flooding. Agricultural buffer can provide beneficial opportunities for row crop farmers, ranchers and livestock producers. Homeowners will have beneficial opportunities for improving their garden with native plants.

RECOMMENDED PLANT LIST BR Flood Buffer System

X29,240

12.5%

10hr: 1ft

27 LARGEST POND ACREAGE

8,100,000

Blue will use vegetation mats that allows The plants tonetwork take rootsystem and hold the soil in thatslope allows plants to take hold the soil in These stabilization matsroot will and be used

19hr: 5ftplace.

14hr: 3ft

The Blue network system will use vegetation mats

PONDS AND LAKES WITHIN OUR SYSTEM

30,000

PUBLICLY ACCESSIBLE

ON-SURFACE CONNECTION

ONLY

...OR

SUBURBAN MODEL IN EAST BATON ROUGE PARISH

MORE THAN

2,000

BUSINESSES

146,000

65.0%

RESIDENCES

EXISTING CELL TOWER

12.5%

EXISTING POND

DAMAGED IN THE FLOODING ACROSS LOUISIANA STATE

BTR Blue Network System

WEIR

ONLY

AMITE RIVER

INSUREDED RESIDENCES IN EAST BATON ROUGE PARISH

FLOODED RESIDENCES IN EAST BATON ROUGE PARISH

REINFORCED BANK EXISTING LAKES

65% of all homes in Louisiana damaged by the flood. Since many of the areas that flooded were not in “high flood risk areas”, the majority of homeowners affected by the flood did not have flood insurance. The only 12.5% of them has insured their residences against flood. Homeowners who live near a river or a water channel need a protection strategy against the flood.

BUSINESSES AND RESIDENCES IN EAST BATON ROUGE PARISH IS COVERED BY FLOOD INSURANCE

RESIDENTIAL OR COMMERCIAL AREA DAMAGED BY 2016 BTR DELUGE

VEGETATIVE BUFFERS

ZONE 1 Initiative buffering zone to protect residential area from flood water

BR Light Alert System BOTTOMLAND FOREST

Sugarcane - 4.5’ Row Spacing

ZONE 1 : AGRICULTURAL BUFFER

AGRICULTURAL BUFFERS

ZONE 2 Passive buffering zone to minimize flood damage

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

Direct Downspouts Away from House

According to experiment conducted by Vasntdada Sugar Institute, 4.5 feet inter row spacing is the optimum spacing that the cane yield was significantly increased from 17.48 t/ha to 106.65 t/ha. Because sugarcane plants typically grow up to 10-13 feet, the mature stems will work as an initiative buffer against the high level of flooding.

ZONE 0

Extend downspouts away from the house at a minimum of 20 feet to move the water farther away from the structure. Clear gutters, so water flows through the downspouts and use decorative rock such as river stones so water will splash instead of creating holes in the ground.

2

2

DARLINGTON RESERVOIR PROJECT:

COMITE RIVER DIVERSION PROJECT:

$302,000,000 ESTIMATED COST

BILLION GALLONS PER 12 HOURS $0.04 PER GALLON

BILLION GALLONS PER 12 HOURS $0.005 PER GALLON

6.5

LAKE CHARLES

UNDER 5”

EAST BATON ROUGE PARISH

HOUSTON

INUNDATION

DEVELOPED

FOREST&WOODLAND

AGRICULTURAL

WETLAND

OPEN WATER

WATSON 14.0”

CHARACTER 1 COMMUNITY + WAREHOUSE + UNDEVELOPED

5

BILLION GALLONS PER 12 HOURS $0.003 PER GALLON

LAFAYETTE

CENTRAL 16.0”

Drainage A dry creek filled with rocks in the yard allows the water to drain away from the home. The nonvisual option is the installation of French drains where water flows into a pipe in a gravel trench.

ZONE 2 : VEGETATIVE BUFFER

4

A cultural trail that connects historic sites, architecturally significant sites, existing artful sites as well as sites related flood, between downtown BTR and Denham Springs. With walking along the trail, users will be educated about what kinds of drainage system are around us and how drainage system is working during the flood.

CHARACTER 2 ABANDONED HOUSE + VACANT LOT

BTR BLUE NETWORK

$15,544,000 ESTIMATED COST BTR BLUE NETWORK

EAST BATON ROUGE PARISH

ZACHARY 17.5”

recovery: br ART TRAIL

Open Pasture Land An area of planting with Bahia grass or Bermuda grass will perform as a floodmeadow. Flood-meadows are created and maintained to controlled a seasonal flooding. 1 acre yields 2 small bales of hay.

Urban green space functions as buffer against the flood

DIASTER AUTOPSY MODEL:

NEW ORLEANS

LAND USE

OVER 20”

< 9’

3

Art exhibition area

CHARACTER 2

< 5’

When mulching the landscape, keep the materials away from siding and be sure to leave a 6-inch. Because moisture can wick up from the mulch bed and rot the siding, it can touch brick or block, but not siding.

ESTIMATED COST PER ACRE

CHARACTER 4

RAINFALL < 3’

Grass buffers will redirect storm water to drainage system. Grass buffer needs to be a minimum height of 6 inches to be effective.

Leave 6 inches Between Mulch and Siding

1

OPEN PASTURE

Wetland function as flood sponge

CHARACTER 1

< 1’

EAST BATON ROUGE PARISH

CHARACTER 4

MOBILE

COMITE RIVER DIVERSION

FLOOD DEPTH

100 YR 500 YR FLOOD PLAIN FLOOD PLAIN EAST BATON ROUGE PARISH

SUGAR CANE FARM

Abandoned warehouses proposed as shelters or art galleries

65

EAST BATON ROUGE PARISH FLOOD PLAIN

RESIDENTIAL AREA

RIVER SIDE

Sow soybean seeds 1 to 2 inches deep, 2 to 4 inches apart in rows 24 to 30 inches apart. Though flooding reduces soybean grain yield, the access and transportation of O2 to the deeper roots allow soybean adapt to flooding stress, survive, grow and reproduce.

2016 BTR DELUGE

SOY BEAN FARM

infill buffer and education strategy

INCOMPLETE

INCOMPLETE

$24,500,000 ESTIMATED COST

3

1 Soybean - 30’’ Row Spacing

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

infrastructure cost analysis

DARLINGTON RESERVOIR The location of the site, East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana is located approximately 80 miles northwest of New Orleans. The ability to move shipments of goods via the Mississippi River allowed for the expansion of industry and agriculture.

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

parish region

2016 bATON ROUGE DELUGE

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

Native Grasses

BTR BLUE NETWORK

$32K

BATON ROUGE 11.0”

$13K

SHERWOOD 8.0”

CHARACTER 3

$4K

0

ON-SURFACE CONNECTION

Landmark

Riparian Buffer Proposed artful bridge Urban vacancy for buffering the flood

8

Proposed decking structures explore creek riparian

CHARACTER 3 COMMUNITY + CREEK RIPARIAN

br light tower

BOTTOM LAND FOREST

CHARACTER 4 CHANNEL + PARK + COMMUNITY

Residential Area

Warehouse

Commercial Area

Potential Green Space

Green Space

Potential Art Exhibition

Historic Site Existing Artful Site Abandoned Area Junction Undeveloped Area Water Tributaries DRIVING ROUTE

Working as the ‘Brain’ of the system, the detention basin gathers data by reading the amount water the basin can hold. Sensors up stream in the Amite River and Comite Rivers activate the flood gates leading into the basin once water reaches a certain height. The height of the water within the basin sets off the alarm and signals are sent out to towers across the parish.

AMITE RIVER

AMITE RIVER

ER

RIV

4

network strategy LAKE / POND

This project, spurred by the catastrophic flooding of August 2016, researches why Baton Rouge’s urban and suburban spaces have a distinctive look and feel largely because of the intertwining systems of infrastructure, land development, and the “laissez faire” culture as those flood waters receded. Research investigated impacts and the disaster economy of large infrastructural systems, and the proposal aims to connect existing lakes and levees with a weir system and reuse of vacant urban lots for filtration branded the blue network, as well as a green belt flood zone that houses a flood reservoir and an emergency beacon system retrofitted into towers to alert the public of future emergencies.

ER

ITE

RIV

MT

2

SCALE: 1” = 2 MI

network system

ET

State of Emergency was activated for whole of Louisiana.

disaster autopsy model

INL

GULF OF MEXICO

CHARACTER 4

12:00 P.M. “I10 at Man9:00 A.M. “Things appear Approximately 11,000 Curfew was issued chac Bayou closed going to be getting bad in Central sought refuge in 70 for East Baton Rouge into Baton Rouge from this morning. Several peodifferent shelters. Parish and would last New Orleans.” ple in Magnolia Lakes have until 8/23. River water levels posted s tatus updates reThe storm, by this time, crested. Waters begin questing boat rescues and has disapated. to slowly recede. that they are in the attics.” President Obama signs First responders along with Louisiana Disaster the “Cajun Navy”begin to Declaration. rescue people from their cars and houses. Iternational Charter on Space and Major Disasters was activated by the USGS allowing for humanitarian aid efforts.

R VE RI N IO

Scattered storms throughout the day resulting in 6” of rain in some areas.

8:10 A.M. “Acadian at I10 is under water.” Non stop battering of rain leads to record highs of precipitation in some areas around Baton Rouge.

UE BL K R OR BT TW NE

9:43 P.M. “The next round is hitting BR right now.”

ON GT IN OIR RL RV DA SE RE

Mesoscale convective system begins to form and dump rain in southern Louisiana. This storm would stay stationary over most of Baton Rouge for three days.

TE MI CO VERS DI

National Weather service issues flood warning.

AM ITE

CO

BOTTOM LAND

ZACHARY

STAGE 1 BTR Blue Network System

Flash Flood Event

BR Art Trail System

Waterbodies within the urban fabric are connected to create a large catchment basin system. This is designed to reduce flow nad allow water to infiltrate into the ground.

Flood Water Volume Variation 8Ft

01

CENTRAL

02

03

04

05

WEIR

BOTTOM LAND FOREST

BR Light Alert System

BATON ROUGE

BR Flood Buffer System

DISASTER AUTOPSY MODEL TIMELINE

I-12

AMITE RIVER ER

RIV

I-10

Flood Inundation

STAGE 1

STAGE 2

STAGE 3

Stage One warning indicates that the flood gates have been opened. Towers that lie within the Alert One zone are the first to receive the signal and lights up the first indicator marker.

Stage Two warning indicates that flood waters have caused an increase in water level at the detention pond to half the normal amount. Towers within the Alert Two zone receive a signal and both Two and One light up the second indicator marker.

Stage Three indicates that flood waters have peaked in the detention basin and entire site has been inundated and can take in no more water. Towers within the Alert Three zone receive the signal and all tower light up to the third indicator marker and a beam of light is sent from top.

FLOOD WATER

Water then flows into the bottomland forest, which is naturally flooded by rainwater and the river. A berm, built up along the banks of the river, turns the bottomland forest into a temporary catch basin.

LEVEL - AUG

2016

BAYOU MANCHAC 7 FT

LAKE / POND

5 FT

Preliminary Reservior BTR Blue Network

BAYOU MANCHAC

CELL TOWER PLUG-IN Lights retrofitted on existing cell towers light up when a Stage Two warning is in effect. Also act as a reminder to residents to stay on top of flooding precautions.

STAGE 2

ITE

I-10

E FAC SUR N ER- TIO UND NEC CON

MISSISSIPPI RIVER

AMITE RIVER

AM

Water is the heart of Louisiana. Water is why Baton Rouge was founded. Water that moves, water that sits, water that rises, water that cleanses, and water that destroys. Canal water, ditch water, muddy water, spring water, crawfish water, dark water. The history of south Louisiana is a history of man learning to live with water and learning to shape water to our own means. This project, spurred by the catastrophic flooding of August 2016, researches why Baton Rouge’s urban and suburban spaces have a distinctive look and feel largely because of the intertwining systems of infrastructure, land development, and the “laissez faire” culture as those flood waters receded. Research investigated impacts and the disaster economy of large infrastructural systems, and the proposal aims to connect existing lakes and levees with a weir system and reuse of vacant urban lots for filtration branded the blue network, as well as a green belt flood zone that houses a flood reservoir and an emergency beacon system retrofitted into towers to alert the public of future emergencies. Also, the project proposes the flood visting route system for educate visitors how the landscape architecture reflects its property of “Resilience”, and help improve a better living conditon for human beings.

Points of heavy water flow will require the use of Points oftechniques heavy water flow willerosion. require the use of slope stabilization to prevent slope system stabilization techniques to mats prevent erosion. The Blue network will use vegetation 19hr: 5ft

of theThese projectslope site stabilization due to coat. mats will be used Points of heavy water flow will require the use 14hr: of 3ftonly in areasplace. 10hr: 1ft only in areas of the project site due to coat. slope stabilization techniques to prevent erosion.

0.47 SMALLEST POND ACREAGE

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

YOUR CHANCE OF MEETING 2016 HISTORIC FLOOD AGAIN IS MUCH HIGHER THAN THE CHANCE OF WINNING THE LOTTERY

0.1%

125

PRIVATELY OWNED

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

YOUR CHANCE OF MEETING 2016 LOUISIANA HISTORIC FLOOD IS

BOTTOMLAND FOREST

BOTTOMLAND FOREST

GALLONS OF WATER AT 4 FEET DEPTH

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

1.25 TRILLION GALLONS

HOW MUCH IS THAT COMPARED TO OTHER SCENARIOS?

BOTTOMLAND FOREST

REINFORCED EDGE

REINFORCED EDGE

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

7.1 TRILLION GALLONS 5.7

THAT’S TIMES MORE WATER THAN LAKE PONTCHARTRAIN...

7.1 trillion gallons

PUBLICLY ACCESSIBLE

Baton Rouge has over 1,000 ponds that serve a multitude of purposes including, recreation, wildlife habitat, and storm water detention. However, the vast majority of these ponds are unconnected therefor drastically restricting their functionality. By connecting these ponds into a larger system their functionality can be greatly increased. In order to connect these individual ponds into a complete system we have created which can bePRODUCT implemented by PRODUCEDaBYtoolkit AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL individual land-owners as well as public entities. This PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT toolkit includes both underground and above ground conveyance systems, like perforated piping and bio swales. These systems will not only increase the health of the individual ponds but also the capabilities of Baton Rouge’s storm water management system as a whole.

3

TIMES MORE WATER THAN HURRICANE KATRINA (2.3 TRILLION GALLONS)

UPLAND

ACRE OF LAND CAN HOLD 325,851.6 GALLONS OF WATER AT 1 FOOT DEPTH

PROJECT SITE

1.25 TRILLION GALLONS

ACRES OF BOTTOMLAND FOREST RETENTION AREA

1 5,065,037,270

PRIVATELY OWNED

PRODUCED PRODUCED BY ANBY AUTODESK AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT PRODUCT

GULF OF MEXICO the deluge of baton rouge

REINFORCED EDGE UPLAND

HOW MUCH IS THAT COMPARED TO OTHER SCENARIOS?

...OR

FROM AUGUST 8TH - 14TH, LOUISIANA RECEIVED AN INCREDIBLE AMOUNT OF RAINFALL CAUSING RIVERS AND OTHER WATER BODIES TO SPILL OVER THEIR BANKS INTO POPULATED AREAS. BUT JUST HOW MUCH WATER DID LOUISIANA RECEIVE?

UPLAND

62% 38%

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

LAFAYETTE

BOTTOMLAND FOREST BOTTOMLAND FOREST BOTTOMLAND FOREST

3,886

EAST BATON ROUGE PARISH

NEW ORLEANS

LAKE CHARLES

HOUSTON

btr green belt

MOBILE

EAST BATON ROUGE PARISH

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

Autopsy Disaster Model: 2016 Deluge of Baton Rouge, LA

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

DISASTER AUTOPSY MODEL

parish region

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

3 FT

REINFORCED BERM

BR Art Trail WEIR

BR Flood Buffer BR Light Tower

STAGE 3

DISASTER AUTOPSY MODEL STRUCTURAL PLAN

BOTTOMLAND FOREST

Multiple weir systems are built into the berm to allow water to slowly drain out into the river. Ultimately, reducing water flow stress and preventing flooding.

Tower lights can relate to the facilities/ resource near by to indicate where people can find certain resources in times of need.

BR Art Trail: Culvert marking

Xiwei Shen, Donguk Lee Louisiana State University

AMITE RIVER WEIR

AMITE RIVER


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

PRAY FOR THE RIVER

For this competition, in order to fit the theme better, we scanned so much information about the problems in the world, and the pollution of the Ganges River attracted us that in Kanpur, India. Problems: The main problem is about their safety of holding religious activities. They regard it as holy river but still pollute the water with lots of garbage, particularly the floating corpses, and the pollution extremely influences their health. Main Features: Ecological floating island, water-bank unitized disposal, optimize river landscape, purify the river, ensure peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s life and safety. Innovation: Ecological wetland combines with farmland, circulation of water purification, create distinctive landscape with India culture.

Li Liang, Zhang Hang, Zhang Yili, Fan Xia Chongqing Jiaotong University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE WHARF OF BOATERS

Our project is to connect inland waterway transport boaters to the town of Menghe. Menghe town is a crucial point of inland waterway transport, its Meng river connect the China grand canal and the Yangze river. Serve as the natural intersection of the two big rivers, it attracts many canal boaters stay for transition.Yet there is no connection between the residents of the Menghe town and the canal boaters.Our project is to make tha vulnerable boaterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s life and the vulnerable situation of the Menghe town more resilient by making the boaters stay and establish connection between residents and boaters.

Zhang Huaying, Gao Xuejing, Xie Ningning

Zhejiang University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REBIRTH OF POLDER:

Mulberry Leaf Silkworm

Mulberry

Fruit Tree

China making brick

THE LANDSCAPE TRANSFORMATION OF A HOLLOW VILLAGE IN TAIHU LAKE BASIN

Dung Of Silkworms

conserved building Vegetable partially remodeled buliding

Huzhou

key development buliding

Fish

Bank Strengthening

Site

Silt

Planting Soil

Silt

Snakehead

Aquatic Tourism Route

Bighead carp

Dilapidated Environment

Grass Carp

Green onion

Lake crab

Lily

Silt Park

Economy

Huanlou village is located in the south bank of Taihu lake, is a predominantly agricultural and fishery village. But as the process of urbanization, The phenomenon of the decline in the agriculture, fishery become more serious every day. Population moving lead Huanlou village have hollow, in a lot of old houses, no people to live, and the village area is expanding. So, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s the high time to change the tendency. The Landscape Transformation of Huanlou village is necessary.The goal of this design is to let people back to Huanlou village. The design will retain and carry forward the landscape pattern of the polder field, and make innovative landscape design from fishery, agriculture and tourism. The ecological landscape of silt park, flower field, artificial wetland and so on are planned. Some of the original buildings will be renovated to provide functions such as catering accommodation, sightseeing, shopping and public activities. In addition, the design also gives a variety of schemes for the use of silt,which allow the silt to circulate in nature.

Chub

Crucian

Carrot Mulberry

Natural Evolution

Wharf

White turnip

Flower Field Culture

Mulberry Fish Pond

Industry

Vegetable

Fertilizer

Public Activity Center

Black Carp

Carp

Farmland

Shrimp

Fish

Constructed Wetlands Eco-environment

Functional Diagram

Scenery

Rural Depopulation Backward Industry

Population

Polder

Hollow Village

Network Of Rivers Agriculture

Fishery Flower Field Mulberry Fish Pond Utilization Of Silt Aquatic Tourism

Trade

Experience village life

Tourism Constructed Wetlands

Old Streets Transformation

Farmers Market Catering and Accommodation

Taihu lake

Huanlou village is located in the south bank of Taihu lake, is a predominantly agricultural and fishery village. But as the process of urbanization, The phenomenon of the decline in the agriculture, fishery become more serious every day. Population moving lead Huanlou village have hollow, in a lot of old houses, no people to live, and the village area is expanding. So, it's the high time to change the tendency. The Landscape Transformation of Huanlou village is necessary.The goal of this design is to let people back to Huanlou village. The design will retain and carry forward the landscape pattern of the polder field, and make innovative landscape design from fishery, agriculture and tourism. The ecological landscape of silt park, flower field, artificial wetland and so on are planned. Some of the original buildings will be renovated to provide functions such as catering accommodation, sightseeing, shopping and public activities.In addition, the design also gives a variety of schemes for the use of silt,which allow the silt to circulate in nature.

Broad bean

Paddy

Wheat

Crop

Sesame

Soybean

Oilseed rape

The Landscape Transformation Of A Hollow Village In Taihu Lake Basin

Rebirth Of Polder

Barley

Revetment Landscape

Silt Park STAGE 1

Silt Park STAGE 2

Silt Park STAGE 3

Jin Yingdi

Zhejiang University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

WATER COLLECTION KIT

-DONGYING CITY HAIQU PARK PLANNING AND DESIGN Globally, there are more than 100 countries and regions with varying degrees of water shortage. By 2050, there will be more than 5 billion water shortages worldwide. The problem of water shortage has become an important issue that hinders human development. China’s water shortages mainly include three major types: resource shortage, water quality shortage and engineering water shortage. Among them, resource shortage is the most typical. Its main characteristics are the lack of water sources and seasonal changes in rainfall. The design focuses on the “Y” cross section of rivers in natural watershed areas of resource-deficient areas (Rizhao City, Shandong Province, China), through the space model study of the “Y” shaped river intersection and the water flow rate. In the calculation of the dynamics, the “Lancet Island” device was designed to complete the water transfer guidance to the upstream rivers; the bionic water storage system was designed using the bionics theory, and the water reserve in the upper reaches of the river was completed; the treatment of the height difference and the application of special materials designed the Water Ring Bridge to meet the irrigation and science needs of urban parks. This design can be summarized as “the resilient design of urban parks for drought disasters” and strives to construct a universal water storage model suitable for urban “Y” shaped river intersection parks, providing a kind of resource-deficient cities with water storage model.

Jia Meng, Lv Yingshuo, Liu Yu, Ma Yue, Li Tingting Shandong Architecture University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

RELEASE THE URBAN ENERGY

-RENEWAL AND REFORM OF THE HIGH DENSITY CITY

Hong Kong is a prosperous place which occupies a significant position in the world economic system. With the development of urbanization and urban construction, the high-density state of city center gradually formed. The contradiction among urban construction, population and land arose distinctly in the high-density area of city center. Hong Kong implements reclamation projects to solve the shortage of land resource problem. However, the problem of marine resource and environment destruction has become more serious because of the adverse effects of reclamation projects. This projects adopted two main strategies: external expansion and internal restructuring. By building floating residential buildings on the sea, the excessively concentrated population in the city will be decentralized outwards. The subjective perception density will be reduced by setting up the air corridors that cross the high-rises of the city and the three-dimensional greening to increase the walking rate and green volume. The design of the Green Corridor combined with safety points enables the city center to connect with the sea area so that people can be quickly transferred under the condition of extreme disasters. Moreover, in order to promote urban residents to interact more comfortably, the design of safety point also coincides with the concept of the pocket park. We hope that Our proposal are committed to ease the negative impacts of high-density cities, activate the sustainable development of the city,and maintain the ability of city to respond to extreme changes flexibly.

100 Luo Xiao, Ouyang Jingwen, Niu Manze Southwest University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

SYMBIOTIC ENVIRONMENT

-THE DESIGN OF BIOLOGICAL HABITAT RESTORATION IN THE WUYUAN RIVER WETLAND IN HAIKOU Design 1: Inspired by the hexagonal comb structure,Combine with the local unique â&#x20AC;&#x153;Tianyangâ&#x20AC;? form and volcanic rock, Create the most stable biological shelter structure to resist the invasion of disasters. Design 2: Using the concept of plasmolysis and aeration basin, simulate large vacuoles in the form of reservoirs, and plant plants that purify water, forming a core zone for percolation. With the passage of time, the concentration of water in the reservoir continues to decrease. After purification, it is absorbed by the river water, and the degree of pollution of the river water continues to decline, forming a circulatory system and purifying the water. Design 3: Based on the well-developed root structure of mangroves, combined with the local snake bridge culture. Bionic mangrove roots in the water set transparent pipes, can realize the life mode of zero-distance sensing aquatic organisms without installation.Transparent transparent detachable plaids can be installed on the stems of branches of red and air bridges. It provides shelter for small-sized flying animals and sets up an air hut with viewing and interactive experience. The three Context are intertwined with the mangroves to realize a multitrack habitat for underwater creatures, ground groups, and flying animals.

Nannan Xue, Lujie Zhao, Pei Ma

Zhengzhou University of Light Industry


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE STEP OF TIME

The project is located in the village of labutta in Irrawaddy, Myanmar. The Irrawaddy delta region faces serious danger every year due to heavy summer rains. The flooding has brought not only the displacement of local residents, but also the severe flooding that has hit the local economy. The solution: improve the regionâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ability to cope with flooding through the reconstruction of the village along the village. In addition, to improve the livelihood of local residents, their homes, farmland and fish ponds have been improved. Main characteristic and innovation: the characteristics of this project is to break the traditional, most previous deal with the flood with engineering measures, such as dams and dikes and the project adopts the way with

Cen Sun, Jing Chen, Anming Tang

Tianjin Chengjian University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

LANDUSE RECOMBINATION: LIVING WITH DIGNITY

The design base is located in Hong Kong, China. When referring to the resilience landscape, Hong Kong can easily be remembered. Human settlements of high density and urban land in short supply have led to Hong Kongâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s large-scale land reclamation in recent years. To a certain extent, this temporarily alleviated the problem of the shortage of land, but it also brought about problems such as the reduction of animal habitats, the frequent occurrence of typhoons and floods, and the deterioration of water quality. On the other hand, the excessively high density of living environment also made the quality of life of the residents poor. We believe that a new model of land use should be explored, integrated with the landscape, and integrated into Hong Kong. On the one hand, it solves the problem of shortage of land, provides people with a better living environment, and on the other hand uses land more efficiently, thus returning built-up urban area to sea to protect the ecological environment. Therefore, we proposed a hybrid land use model, which we call landuse recombination. Through the combination of small space units and landscapes, we integrate functions of different natures in one site and improve the space utilization efficiency. This hybrid land model is highly variable and can be replicated. We hope that this model can be applied to countries and regions where lack land as well.

Sheng Fangyuan, Dai Wenjia, Han Shuo Southeast University, Tongji University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

VILLAGE FLOOD PREVENTION "1+X"

Shanbei Village, located in Yuncheng District, Yunfu City, Guangdong Province, China, is one of the types of villages in Guangdong Province. It is affected by floods. The village suffers three floods every year, with an average of one flood every two years.Based on the types of villages in the background of floods and disasters, the project uses ecology, sponge city, elastic landscape, rainwater management and utilization, historic building protection, tourism, hydrology and water conservancy and other discipline theories, combining village natural environment, historical culture and economic and social factors. It proposes ways to improve land use planning, improve drainage and water conservancy facilities, divert floods, establish rural wetland parks and rain gardens, increase fruit trees and vegetable plots in villages, and forest lands, relocate traditional villages, develop rural tourism, and other planning methods to improve flooding. In order to improve floods and protect the ecological environment, it will also increase the income of the villagers, protect the village’s traditional culture, and improve the quality of the living environment so that the villages can achieve the purpose of sustainable development and realize the unification of environmental, economic, and social benefits. , that is to achieve the “1+ X” effect.

Pei Lin, Yanyan Lin, Yuru Lin, Zhihong Chen, Haiying Zheng Zhaoqing University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

WATERLOGGING CAN BE SOLVED

- BUILDING AN UPSTREM WATER ECOLOGICAL BALANCE SYSTEM

The objective of this project is to solve the urban waterlogging problem in wuhan, China. Wuhan is a city of thousands of lakes, with many lakes. However, due to the construction and development of the city, the lakes were landfilled and built into residential areas, which greatly weakened the water storage function of urban lakes. Insufficient water storage system capacity has caused Wuhanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;swaterlogging. To solve the problem of waterlogging in Wuhan, we must build enough water storage system. So, how can we use lakes to build am elastic water system under the condition of limited lake area? We first dredge lakes, connect large lakes and build a connected lake water storage system. That is to say, we build the lake group into a huge sponge to build a water ecological balance system for the city. Secondly, we set up a system of upstream dams for the lake, so that a lake can accommodate more water. The highest controlled water level of the lake is affected by the lower terrain surrounding area as the short-board effect. Therefore, dams are built in the lower-lying areas around lakes to increase the maximum control water level. At the same time, the strategy of making water flow higher allows the rainwater to drain smoothly into the lake. To sum up, we built a counterbalanced water ecological balance system to solve the contradiction between urban land use and limited lake area, so as to solve the waterlogging.

Peng Yang ying, Xu qing, Wang Yue, Pan Ting Northeast Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

NEW FISHERMEN, NEW COAST:

A RESILIENT MODEL OF WASTE RECYCLING AND LOCAL ECO-SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT UNDER MARINE DEBRIS CRISIS Waste disposal is one of the significant issues for a balanced relationship between man and nature. This is particularly acute in Serangan, southeast of Bali, Indonesia, a tourist destination renowned for its seascape and a habitat for turtles. The wastes consist of marine debris drifting over with ocean currents has affected the tourist potential, residents’ living conditions, and turtles’ survival. To increase the stability of both the ecosystem and the society, a ‘waste collection complex’ is proposed based on a close study of ocean currents, habits of turtles, and local socioeconomic situations. It would be arranged linearly off the coastline to intercept marine debris. With this installation, an ‘Internet of Things’ (IoT) is proposed, where local scavengers would become the ‘New Fishermen’, the operator of the offshore installations ‘harvesting’ waste. The recyclable would become financial value exchangeable through the IoT. Tourists can also participate in, thereby obtaining a unique environmental, social and economic experience during their visits. Corresponding to the linear complex, the northeastern coast of Serangan, close to the residential area, is transformed into the ‘New Coast’, a streamlined dyke with protruding piers, providing an outlook of the offshore installations, as well as mangrove reserve on the thither. With this proposal of ‘New Fishermen’ and ‘New Coast’, it is intended to create a holistic and sustainable framework for environmental resilience, and thus an enhanced relationship and dialogue between man and nature.

Xiongxin Xiao, Lei Chen, Yingjie Wu, Xinzhou Zeng, Zhongran Shao Huazhong University of Science and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

RISING WITH THE WIND -

AN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION OF QINGHAI LAKE DESERTIFICATION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF RESILIENT LANDSCAPE Qinghai Lake lies on the Northeastern part of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, which is the largest saline lake in China, and plays a main role in holding ecological balance of this area. Because of its scenic landscape, tourism has become the pillar industry of Qinghai province. However, the increasingly serious problems of land desertification are destroying the environment and economy of this area. Qinghai lake is on the verge of disappearance. The whole district has three main trouble, plants community degradation, water level declination, and loss income of tourism. Facing these difficulties, we find out three major strategies, including restoring plants community, improving water level by enhancing wetlands, and protecting the infrastructure from being covered in sand. Firstly, we fix sands and form tiny terrains by making use of wind power, together with sand barriers made by eco-friendly material. And then, sand barriers decompose into fertilizer to change sands into vegetative soil. By growing plants in stages, we can restore its plants community. As to the declination of water level, we collect glacier water by terrains and build wetlands to conserve water. Besides this, along the main road in this area, Different patterns of sand barriers are designed to keep the road safe and can show the technology of desertification to tourists too. Piece by piece, the once artificial restoration process will change into a self-adaptive system. As a result, the social-ecological resilience of this district will be restored, and Qinghai lake will be able to continue its thousand-year history.

Wenxin Liang, Ni Yan, Xinxin Xu, Chuli Huang, Xian Wu

Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

VARIABLE SANDBANK

The site is located at Minhou, Fujian, China. Many years ago, Landscape there used to consist of agricultural fields and riparian sandbanks. Affluent natural resource and diverse ecosystem existed. However, with the industrialization, the tragedy of the commons emerged, seen as the sand theft (illegal sand mining) and human-induced activities. Later on, urban sprawl worsened the situation resulting in a series of issues such as salinization and loss of habitats, and brought many unemployed people. An innovative concept will be used to deal with the issues. Variability is seen as the key to create resilience of the landscapes here. 3 different kinds of degradable ball-shaped devices are going to be introduced. They will function as clean-up, sand sedimentation and salt treatment. They will be variable in many different situation. After three phases of adjustment. the site is predicted to be purified, and a self-restored sandbank will be created. Preservation of broken forestry ecosystem and aquaculture environment are also designed to provide more resilience of the landscape. Meanwhile, job opportunities from the management of the variability devices will be created, and the site will become a place of interest providing more cultural functions for surrounding residents. Considering the contextual value and the availability of resilience, agriculture and aquaculture will be merged into the ecosystem, and sand mining will be prohibited.

Chengfan Liang, Mingyue Xu, Xinyi Chen, Yilin Wang, Shuting Wu Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

POPLAR NEED(LE)S

Poplar Need(le)s Exploring Urban Acupuncture in Poplar

– EXPLORING URBAN ACUPUNCTURE IN POPLAR

04.PHASE T WO: POPLAR WANTS

01.INTRODUCTION

COMMUNIT Y INVOLVEMENT

CONTEXT AND APPROACH Rapid urbanisation and change in communities can lead to an unhealthy environment as well as social and economic instability. London’s district of Poplar with its rich and diverse immigration history provides the case study for this project as it explores the relationship between the three pillars of sustainability: environmental, social and economic. Based on rigorous research of the chosen site, Poplar Need(le)s proposes an innovative design approach to resilience of cities and their communities, by combining physical solutions from the fields of urban design and landscape architecture with the theoretical principals of urban acupuncture. It provide a new vision for Poplar where local communities are engaged in small scale interventions through collaborative processes, In order to realise this vision, a three phase plan is devised and executed by the Poplar Need(le)s team within a 10 year period: 1. Poplar Needs – an analysis of the site in order to find urban ‘stress points’ for potential intervention and the introduction of the Acubox – a conceptual exploration of modular installations, designed to be stacked on top of one another using the simplest of structures. 2. Poplar Wants – Community Involvement and Bottom-up Approach. This phase incorporates receiving feedback from the community about the Acubox prototype and adapting it accordingly. 3. Poplar Owns – once established, the project is handed over to the community. The process can be flexible and will up to the community to decide how to organise themselves to bring about new Acubox interventions.

Engagement Methods A variety of methods have been selected to let the communities of Poplar be aware of AcuPoplar:

Residents living in Social Housing

At the Borough Scale, Borough of Tower Hamlets

At the Neighborhood Scale Poplar, Borough of Tower Hamlets

Green Installations

Households with 3 or more people

Social Media

Company Website

Pop-up Kiosks

Street Signage

Business Signage

Local Newspapers

Portfolio

Postcards

At the local Scale Typical social housing project

Poplar Need(les) wants you to have your say about what Poplar can become!

The Playground

02. URBAN ACUPUNCTURE THE PRINCIPLES Principles of Urban Acupuncture

Poplar Need(le)s is inviting you to take part in a new and exciting collaborative project to reimagine what Poplar can be.

1. Small-scale Interventions

2. Relieve Urban Stress

3. Relieve Urban Stress

4. Promote dialogue

5. Analysis of Urban Tissue

6. Participatory Planning

Through this process we hope to reinvent Poplar for the benefit of you, its residents. Our aim is to develop a series of local interventions according to your wants and your needs. Please come along and help us reshape Poplar towards a brighter future. First meeting will be held at the brand new Hub. April 14th 2017 at 19:00. Hope to see you there! The Poplar Need(le)s Team

The Cafe

From theory to vision

A Combining the pillars of resilience

B Adding the dimensions of place and time

C Moulding the vision into its final form

From visiom to practice

Rapid urbanisation and change in communities can lead to an unhealthy environment as well as social and economic instability. London’s district of Poplar with its rich and diverse immigration history provides the case study for this project as it explores the relationship between the 3 pillars of sustainability: environmental, social & economic. Based on rigorous research of the chosen site, Poplar Need(le)s proposes an innovative design approach to resilience of cities and their communities, by combining physical solutions from the fields of urban design and landscape architecture with the theoretical principals of urban acupuncture. It provide a new vision for Poplar where local communities are engaged in small scale interventions through collaborative processes, To realise this vision, a three phase plan is devised and executed by the team within a 10 year period: 1.Poplar Needs – an analysis of the site in order to find urban ‘stress points’ for potential intervention and the introduction of the Acubox – a conceptual exploration of modular installations, designed to be stacked on top of one another using the simplest of structures. 2.Poplar Wants – Community Involvement and Bottom-up Approach. This phase incorporates receiving feedback from the community about the Acubox prototype and adapting it accordingly. 3.Poplar Owns – once established, the project is handed over to the community. The process can be flexible and will up to the community to decide how to organise themselves to bring about new Acubox interventions.

Postcard example

Tutning the gas holders into a community hub

The Exhibition Center

05. PHASE THREE: POPLAR OWNS 03. PHASE ONE: POPLAR NEEDS

HANDING IT OVER TO THE COMMUNITY

S I T E A N A LY S I S

N

N

1:5000 Physical Barriers Map Legend

1:5000 Identified Stress Points Map Legend

Construction Sites

Facade Frontages Inactive Facades/ Solid Walls Physical Barriers

Topography Differences

Buildings with only day-time activity Significant Barrier

Landmarks / Sites of Importance

High Residential Density

Acubox in context

Gated Entries

CURRENT

0-1 YEARS

The existing situation in Poplar as it is today.

During this phase the initial interventions are deployed in the sites, identified in the analysis carried out.

Designing the unit to be light, flexible and adaptable

3m

3m

6m

1.7m 2.8m

The basic Acubox

2.8m

Modular Stacking

Basic design to adjustable application The Library

The Greenhouse

The Urban Lounge

1-5 YEARS

5-10 YEARS

As time goes by the residents express their wants through the various collaborative processes hosted in the Hub. Acuboxes are added, moved and adapted accordingly.

In the final stage the management of the Acuboxes is handed over to the community.

Yarden Woolf, Kerry Csuka, Ghalia Korban, Zhuyun Liu University College London


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

HUAY KWANG PUBLIC HOUSING

THE

แก้ปัญหาชุม ชนเเออัด

ในกรุงเทพมหานครมี โครงการ เคหะชุมชน

Bangkok is a Primate City : is an extensive urban environment . Many types of people and diversity of lifestyle bring the city growth. Openspace and Green area have changed and become to a concrete forest. A city that cannot absorb water, for this reason floods can occur frequently. public housing in Thailand didn’t concern about Climate change and flooding crisis , this project used in landscape design to reduce flooding in cities prone to floods.

ทั้งหมด 83 โครงการ รวม 89,771 หน่วย เคหะ ข้าราชการ

อื่นๆ

เคหะชุมชน 20% 142,103 หน่วย

AFFORDABLE HOUSING HUAI KWANG , BANGKOK

1954

1950

Masterplan Strategy

BANGKOK IS A PRIMATE CITY

บ้านเอื้ออาทร

HEALTHY LIFE

Circulation Diagram

Block the Wind by Landscape

Building Orientation

Building and openspace Diagram

1973

เขตกรุงเทพชั้นใน ทั้งหมด 6 โครงการ เคหะชุมชนห้วยขวาง เคหะชุมชนดินเเดง เคหะชุมชนบ่อนไก่ เคหะชุมชนธนบุรี เคหะชุมชนคลองเตย

1957

Decrease the temperature by Landscape element

Split Building

Hierachy of Space

Affordable housing Huay kwang is located on Huay Kwang, Bangkok is a accommodation for habitants with low income. The housing support more that 8,316 units or 30,000 people, which means the planning needs to support people usage while also able to withstand disasters that might happen in city area. This could be done by using landscape architectural designing method. Example types of disaster that could happen in city area are flood, urban heat island, pollution. A blue and green infrastructure system in masterplan for Huay Kwang Public housing, like river flowing and connect the court between a group of building thats full of unique character , and a running loop of Public park which a shared recreational resource and the social interaction.

Crisis as a window of opportunity Residential 59 %

Circulatin 8% Park 12 % Commercial 9%

URBAN HEAT ISLAND

PEOPLE

Green Area

12 %

2.9

SQM / MAN

FLOODING

COMMUNITY

ENVIRONMENT

Sun Roof Bring natural lighting to the middlecourt

Build 24 % อาคาร 43.92 ไร่ FAR 318,368 ตารางเมตร 198 ไร่

การใช้ที่ดิน ปัจจุบัน

Open space Absorb water Concrete Area

139 Rai 6 Rai 133 Rai

3,360 Units 12,100 people++

Taking Care of the basics HOME FOR EVERYONE

Cultivating Connection

STRESS REDUCTION

SOCIAL INTERACTION

LIFELONG LEARNNING

Single corridoor avoid the crime inside

Ensure Livability now into the Future GREENEST CITY ACTION PLAN

Masterplan

TRANSPORTATION

Court in the building

The City of Vancouver Healthy Living Strategy was developed in 2014 to help tackle these issues in vision of a healthier Vancouver by 2025 –

MAIN PARK

PRIMATE CITY

HEALTHY PEOPLE

Blue Infrastructure

Building 30 storeys 308 Units and 2 types of room

Openspace 76 %

Facility 11 %

HIGH AND FAST RUN OFF

Blue Infrastructure

Design a group of building to make a territoryspace

GOAL : HEALTHY CITY FOOT PRINT

AIR POLLUTION

Green Infrastructure

MIXED INCOME HOUSING

8,316 Unit

HEALTHCARE CHILD CARE AND PRIMARY SCHOOL AND OTHERS FACILITY

Rain garden Detention Area

Sustainable Green Rain garden

NORTH PARK

JOGGING TRACK

PUBLIC PARK Park for all Community Park sevice ratio 3-8 km

BLUE INFRA STRUCTURE PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SHUTTLE BUS AND BIKE LANE

3Ds Co-living Space for Elder , Adult , Children

grass

Retention Pond Rain garden

1.5 km.

44 Rai

Contains water 36,701 M

Retention Pond

Territory Space (Court)

HEALTHY ENVIRONMENT

Retention Pond 19,915 M Detention Pond 16,786 M

HEALTHY COMMUNITY

Detention Area

Sustainable Green Rain garden grass

COMMERCIAL

Retention Pond Rain garden Detention Area

Sustainable Green Rain garden grass

Panissara Kitisuthatham Chulalongkorn university


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

BLUE RIVER EMBANKMENT

-ECOLOGICAL MANAGEMENT OF RIVERBANK

The Tuojiang River is one of the important tributaries of the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, and its main tributaries cross the city of Ziyang. Ziyang heavy rainfall concentrated in two months in July. The floods on the Tuojiang River are frequent and have a dry period of ten months. During the dry season, a large number of floodplains are exposed and the appearance is very poor, seriously affecting the city appearance. The ecological carrying capacity of these river floodplains is insufficient,serious soil erosion, serious pollution, and lack of flexibility to deal with floods, and cannot provide a good living environment for animals and plants. Based on the analysis of the problems in the riverbank, this design filters the pollution runoff by building an ecological approach to the terraced dams and avoids the direct inflow of surface sewage into the Tuojiang River. At the same time, the retreating riverbank can also increase the flood discharge area. Create artificial wetland bubbles, clean up river water during dry season, provide habitat for organisms.During the flood period, the roots of plants are able to consolidate soil to avoid soil erosion. By constructing river floodplain inland rivers and ecological islands to consolidate embankments and create biological habitats, we can create resilient landscapes to maximally control river water pollution, improve soil erosion, resist floods, and create biological habitats.

Ma Rui Qiqihar University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE CHARM OF ORIENTAL SEA

-YANTAI COASTAL BUFFER PARK AND ITS MARINE MUSEUM DESIGN

Water splashes on the coast, causing seawater damage, and is more likely to cause floods. We use the buffer zone to disperse the seawater and retain the water while allowing the park to absorb water and serve the cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s green space. We hope that by designing the coastal buffer zone as an example, the relationship between the city and the sea will be more harmoniously demonstrated. In the past, dams were used to block seawater, and now the sea is outstretched to accommodate the sea, which reflects the concept of sustainable development and the concept of harmonious ecology. At the same time, a marine museum was designed. The three spherical bodies also symbolized three fishes. The glass remembrance hall that crosses into the ocean can make people go deeper into the ocean, go deeper into the glass, and feel the fish, thus creating respect for nature. The overpass of the circuit, looking towards the park and three spheres of buildings, like a field mountain, will make people think about the future life.

Yuan Chang, Dou Ya Lin, Wang Yue Ting

Anhui Normal University, Qingdao Agricultural University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

COMMUNITY PARK AT KELANI VALLEY FLOOD PLAIN â&#x20AC;&#x153;Flooding is a natural process and it has been considered a disaster because of the way we have built upon areas susceptible to floodingâ&#x20AC;? (p. xv). Hence, Sri Lanka has a long history of human habitation in the river valleys There should be special reasons for civilizations to emerge near the rivers. Sri Lanka has radial river system. Kelani Rive is an important river in sri lanka within those rivers. We can identify the Kelani River as Service River. Rivers are complex natural systems, which responsible for the natural balance or equilibrium by water discharging, and sediments depositing. So that river valley human activities is directly affected to the natural equilibrium. Kelani valley industrialization is main cause for the collapse the social and natural balance. because of that biyagama area become flooding in the rainy season.

Amanda Hansika Jayathilaka University of Moratuwa


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE GREEN STITCH: RAILWAY CORRIDOR AS AN INCLUSIVE PUBLIC SPACE

The Green Stitch i.

Image perception of the city of Ahmedabad

The Green Stitch

Railway corridor as inclusive public space in Ahemdabad city

Railway corridor as inclusive public space in Ahemdabad city

iv. Existing Scenario along the transect

vi. The green stitch: connecting the urban fabric, thus creating resilient sociable spaces for fauna and humans The program thus focuses on re-looking the rail corridor as an inclusive public space by recapturing the sense of place of the setting and retaining the sense of ownership. The proposal devises a strategy to make the defunct and inaccessible rail corridor, accessible, memorable and a place to reconnect to the community’s sense of a place (which is confined to the territories or the boundaries of the built form). The corridor thus acts a stitch weaving the community with corridor by developing it as an inclusive public space. The stitch along the corridor hence acts as a catalyst in developing the edges of the immediate built form, besides providing a relief and a respite by enhancing the pedestrian connect across the corridor.

The city of Ahmedabad in the broader context is identified (across the history and current scenarios) by the multi-cultural facet of its built form and the distant and peculiar identity of the walled city, the chimneys seen distant in the background – the industries and the green edges of the city’s channeled waters, the public transit model of BRTS and the bustling roads full of private vehicles, the sparse and green developments of the West and the compact street patterns of the East, the soft nature of the edges of the historic architecture and the sharp, defined and delineated, modernist or contemporary edges and architecture, the open and colorful markets of the city and the delineated recreation centers, its informal keetlis (tea-joints) or food joints of manek-chowk (a street food joint located in the old city of Ahmedabad) and the formalized public spaces and Knowledge corridors of the West. Each of these identities is bounded within a notional or a physical territory of the city. The city developed on a centralized radial model of development attains its multi-faceted identity by the functional or cultural variations of different nodes (for example puras or villages).

Existing scenario along the transect AA- the site accounting to the sense of lack of ownership amongs the community (owned by the Western Railway), acts as a waste dumping ground, thus creating a notion of barrier associated with corridor. This happens across the city along all its rail corridor

The city of Ahmedabad in the broader context is identified by the multi-cultural facet of its built form and the distant and peculiar identity of the walled city, the chimneys seen distant in the background – the industries and the city’s channeled waters, the public transit model of BRTS and the bustling roads, the sparse and green developments of the West and the compact street patterns of the East. The city developed on a centralized radial model of development attains its multi-faceted identity by the functional or cultural variations of different nodes. The city grown over a period of time, have undergone the expansive pressures of the booming urbanization. This seems to have ingrained in its fabric either by means of edges, boundaries or corridors. The program focuses on relooking the rail corridor as an inclusive public space by recapturing the sense of place of the setting and retaining the sense of ownership. The proposal devises a strategy to make the defunct and inaccessible rail corridor, accessible, memorable and a place to reconnect to the community’s sense of a place (which is confined to the territories or the boundaries of the built form). The corridor thus acts a stitch weaving the community with corridor by developing it as an inclusive public space. The stitch along the corridor hence acts as a catalyst in developing the edges of the immediate built form, besides providing a relief and a respite by enhancing the pedestrian connect across the corridor.

A

A

A

A

Proposed Section- AA Land Use Pattern

Built-open spaces

ii. Concept the in-between spaces within the larger context have developed making their way to the idea of an “Urban city”. The booming in-betweens have not only cleared the grounds for the development of the “new” identity of the city, but also in the process suppressed the identity of the nodes. This has further led to the shifting of the nodes from the puras to the in-betweens. Such shifts appear to be happening across the city, which in turn results in the generation of cracks. These cracks are not only the resultant of time or cultural variations in the built form, but these are also the result of major infrastructure proposals or additions within the built fabric; certain examples of such cracks are the ones created by transport corridors (like railways, BRTS corridors or bridges) or any natural or built element. Moreover, in cases such as the railway corridor, the land along the line lay defunct, thus becoming a collector of waste, generator of interrupted connections between the two sides of the corridor and prone to encroachment. Besides this, the factor of time also adds to the low utilization of the corridor, as the development along the corridors catches its pace, the community or the residents living along it starts adjusting to the disjuncture that results from the corridor like noise, smell, accessibility and the sense of place.

1- Part section- AA

LEGEND Social spaces

Hawking activities along the site

Extracting the social edges

2- Part section- AA

Heavy traffic Moderate traffic Railway Corridor

v. Elements making up the space along rail corridors

The Railway Corridor

Railway Corridor Trees

iii. Typology of spaces observed along the Railway corridors

d

i

k, l g, h

Type

a c, e j m f, o

2:

Type

Space along the Railway corridor beside a village or a community

b, n

3: Junction between Railway corridor and Road

Existing scenario along the transect BB

e

k

f

l

1A: Space between gated communities and Railway corridors

Type

A defunct space cutting across the urban fabric of the city - acting as a dump yard - at times it acts a forced relief for pedestrians intending to reach the main road. The corridor is currently walled in order to prevent encroachments within the property of Railways. The walls further, becomes the reason for the people to use the corridor as the pedestrian pathway.

The Edges along the railways corridor g

Proposed Section- BB

a

Type

1B

Type

4: Intersection between bridge and Railway corridor

h m

b

1C

Type

i

Type 1b- Space along the Railway corridor beside a village n c

d

j

Material of the wall along the railway corridor (allows for varying degree of visual connection)

5

Type : Junctions where road underpasses the Railway corridor

1- Part section- BB o

Trees as generators of activities - social spaces - hawking spaces - parking spaces.

2- Part section- BB

Proposed Green Stitching the urban fabric

N

Sneha Harshadbhai Ramani CEPT University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

BREAK DENGUE= CONTROL MOSQUITOES LANDSCAPE PLANNING OF MOSQUITO PREVENTION UNDER DISEASE ECOLOGY

Based on the concept of disease ecology, the project will be ecologically restored to the Gua Pamona watershed in Sulaweisi, Indonesia. Under the threat of dengue fever, the society and economy of the place of origin have been hit hard. The basic reason is that the ecological imbalance within the site, the pollution is serious, and the rainwater cannot be expelled quickly. As a result, Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, which are the only carriers of the epidemic, continue to abuse. The design mainly starts with the treatment of water pollution and mosquito repellent plants, thus restoring the complete ecological chain. Reduce the abuse of mosquitoes while restoring the siteâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ecological balance, and further improve the residentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; quality of life and economic income, to achieve a harmonious urban social relations repair and ecological restoration of the scene.

Kuan Wang, Tianxiang Zhao

China University of Mining and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REHEARSALS OF INFINITE BOUNDARIES LIVING WITH WATER

This proposal questions the concept of a boundary and considers water as a maker and organizer of space and dynamic processes in an adaptive city. It explores new negotiations between land and water, what living with water means, and how unpredictable water processes can generate a resilient urbanism. The project site is in South Boston. The city is familiar with the transitions between urban and water and must further consider this relationship as the sea level rises and storms increase flooding. The proposal is a resilient, soft infrastructure landform prototype with flexible, ever changing edges that engage with the push and pull of water and the urban fabric. The prototype is broken into four conditions that each prioritize different processes and negotiations with water. 1.Elevate land close to existing urban fabric to act as a soft infrastructural buffer 2.Elongate the shoreline to create a series of peninsulas 3.Create pools of storage for excess water and filtration 4.Integrate prototype into existing urban fabric. 6 key water verbs, in which two are highlighted here, frame our exploration. Each verb relates to particular ephemeral qualities and processes of water that correspond to the materiality, spatial form, and performance of the six specific project scenarios, which continually challenge boundaries. The scenarios suggest an order of saturation in program and development but not a specific order in which the performances occur. Ultimately the project describes a formal outcome where verb scenarios define adaptive urban and natural functions in a resilient city.

EMBEBER to surround with water Spanish word

SOAK to lie immersed in water Merriam Webster Dictionary

REHEARSALS OF INFINITE BOUNDARIES Living with Water

REHEARSALS OF INFINITE BOUNDARIES Living with Water

Melissa Green, Nadyeli Quiroz, Chengzhang Zhang Harvard Graduate School of Design


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

COMPOSITE MICROECOLOGY

COMPOSITE MICROECOLOGY

1

Multidimensional Repair of Wetland Industrial Pollution

COMPOSITE MICROECOLOGY

PROBLEM-NOW

PARTIALI PLAN

—Besides bringing economic growth to QuZhou, what does heavy industry bring?

100m

Multidimensional Repair of Wetland Industrial Pollution

N

CONCEPTUAL DEDUCTION

2

Local Microecology

China

LOCATION ANALYSIS

Zhejiang

Quzhou

The project base is located in wuli, changsh-an county, Quzhou city, Zhejiang Province, China. In the village, the land belongs to the plain, theeast and the dual port development zone adjacent, south and high.

N 1km

Regional Microecology

Located southwest side of Quzhou City, Zhejiang Province. Due to the industrial pollution, the area is in need of rectification.The core concept of project is the composite microecological landscape, a flexible multidimensional restoration of wetland industrial pollution. Our philosophy of innovation lies in the fact that “complex” and “elasticity” are different from “single” and “direct” in the past. Our strategy can better solve the fundamental problems. “Composite microecology” is required to create a microecological environment. Through planting plants, microorganisms, making the water become more clearer and dredging the river; Try to integrate the disordered farmland, plant new crops; Rational planting of arbors, shrubs, and herbaceous plants; Planning reasonable traffic route to make each area more accessible; Reasonable development of embankment landscape. And then the water, the farmland, the forest land, the space, the embankment ecosystem all will have resilience. In the local selective setting of landscape factors, the landscape factors interact with each other to restore the elasticity of water, farmland, woodland, space, and embankments. After a period of time, local patches are repaired to form an elastic micro-ecological landscape. Then, we divided the land into three areas which include infiltration area, riverbed restoration area, pollution control area. Finally, each area interacts with each other to achieve a composite effect and then form a complex micro-ecological landscape. This area is flexible and can reduce pollution and resist pollution.

SPRCIFIC MEASURE Infiltration Area

The main plant landscapes such as rape, milk etch, citrus trees, and tea gardens are the main attractions, creating a peaceful rural landscape in the valley.

Riverbed Restoration Area

Pollution Control Area

In wetlands, water and wet trees and aquatic plants are properly configured to function to purify water bodies.

rationally planting trees and shrus to chieve isolation and pollution.

STATUS ANALYSIS

Partiali Plan Area

Land Property Analysis

Pollition Analysis

TIME LINE Forestland Layer:

Farmland Layer:

MASTER PLAN PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS PROBLEMS

SOLUTIONS Stept1 Regulate relevant laws and regulations

Industrial Pollution

EXSTING

pre-1949

Embankment Layer:

Circulation & Activity Layer:

To set the circulation system

Restore vegetation and clean

First break at several points to

Increase the flexibility and

through the woods. Planting

up the water by means of

form a few beach, and

open space of the present

crops to achieve the goal of

shrubs on a large area and

artificial planting and

gradually connect into the tidal

situation, enhance accessibility

creating space with good

reduce the damage to the land

microorganism. Provide space

flat system. Improve

and connectivity, set up the

economic and ecological

caused by floods.

for wetland birds to diversify

accessibility and ecological

wharf, the waterfront platform.

their species.

benefits.

benefits.

CATEGORIES

Artificial Water Layer:

It combs the existing farmland and rationally adds some new

1949-1980s

BC ~ before liberation.

After liberation ~ 1990s.

The economic structure of Quzhou was

Water transportation plays an extremely

Standardize the process of factory sewage discharge, and formulate and

mainly agricultural, and the disaster of

important role in the economic development of

improve relevant laws and regulations, strictly supervise and severely punish

continuous years was still self-sufficient.

Quzhou area.

illegal activities.

War Pollution

PROBLEMS Reduced Biodiversity

Stept2 Controlling the expansion of heavy industry factories Rationally control the proportion of heavy industry, develop all-around,multilevel, use environmentally friendly materials, new technologies, and reduce industrial pollution.

Industrial Disorder Expansion Stept3

Industrial Diseases

PREDICTIVE

Environmental Degradation

PROBLEMS

Restore natural ecology and flexibility. Designers carry out scientific plant disposition and restore wetland

Population Surge

ecological environment and increase biodiversity. Stept4

1980s-2010 1990s ~2010.

2010-present 2010 ~ present.

To clear the development of the city.

During the urban development is rapid, light

With the development of economy, the impact

Designers dredge the development context of the city, collaborate with the

industry, chemical industry, building, the

on the natural environment is increasing.

economy of the surrounding areas, and achieve economic resiliency.

second industry gradually rise.

Liu Lu, Li Xin, Han Le, Sun Kejia, Jiang Haiyang

Northeast Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

GREEN IS COMING

The group selection site is located in Mizhi County, Shaanxi Province, China. It belongs to the typical landform of the Loess Plateau. Because of the unrestrained development of its original farming, it is currently facing serious problems of soil erosion and drought. We believe that green is the future pursuit of the development of the region. Design concept -- We believe that how to use rainwater flexibly and create adaptive sites is the key to solving the problem of drought and soil erosion in the area.The group started with agricultural production landscapes, endowed the land with functionalities, intertwined the land types of terrace landscapes, water collection systems, rain gardens, and cave activity sites. The ultimate goal was to consolidate land, restore vegetation, and adapt to high temperatures,and flexible use of rainwater during drought and flood seasons. 1.Terraced landscape and cave activity site measures. Land cultivation is divided into three types: characteristic crops, drought-resistant crops, and soil-retaining vegetation. By arranging rainwater pools and nutritious retaining walls, we can use elastic rainwater to irrigate crops.We use the dwellings with local characteristics - cave dwellings, and by virtue of their resistance to high temperature characteristics, we will create adaptive sites with incidental benefits. 2.Rain garden and collection measures Drawing on facilities such as the Karez Well and the Rain Garden in Xinjiang, reservoirs are built underground, and crops and vegetation are conserved in stages in different regions.

Li Xiang, Jiang Xuefei, Hou Qianjun, Gao Ya, Zhang Binbin Northeast Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

HUALAMPHONG HEALTHY PLACE

HUALAMPHONG HEALTHY PLACE

RING

ELEMENT TO BE HEALTHY PLACE d,sK>hDK&h^d/Ed,ZD/sZK ,^KEd/EhKh^>z/EZ^sZzzZ͘ d,sZ'K&h^d/Ed,/^ZK/^ϲϬWDϭϬ ʹyd,^dEZϱWZEd͘

RAMA IV ROAD

DUST : 60 PM10 EXCEED FROM STANDARD 5%

WK>>hd/KEů dZ&&/ů,>d,

d,WK>>hd/KE/Ed,W,d,hDtE/^dZ/d/^ Z/^</Zd,Ed,WKDWZ/^dZ/d͕/EDK^d ^͕/d͛^h^zd,dZ&&/:D͘

Pomphrab SattruPhai District

AGING : WORKER PAST 1970

There are 4 element to be healthy as each age.

PRESENT 2014

AGING SOCIETY

AGING AND HEALTH

MORE LIVING ALONE

2 : 10

LIVING ALONE = 10 % OF THE WHOLE AGING POPULATION

1 : 10

Bangkok is currently facing high density population crisis. These affect traffic jams and pollution problems. According to the site located on Rama IV road, dense and polluted road, the volume of dust has continuously increased every year. The motal rate has increased every year.

^dEZ/^ϵ^Y͘DͬWZ^KE͘

Besides traffic jams and pollution problem, the lack of green area for the population. There are 34 sq.m green space/ person in Pathumwan district and 1.6 sq.m green space/person in PomPrab Sattruphai district. –WHO (World Ealth Organization) standard is 9 sq.m/person

Wd,hDtE/^dZ/d District Pathumwan ϱϬ͕ϲϳϯWKW>ůϱϬZ/'ZE^W 50,673 people : 1500 rai green space

Site evolution

PAST : HUB

OBSERVE

18% 2%

LIVING WITH COUPLE = 20 % OF THE WHOLE AGING POPULATION

Fast growing population

Pathumwan District

YOUNGER

80 % FIT AND MOBILE

- 2014 -

Pomprab Sattruphai District 50,092 WKDWZ^ddZhW,//^dZ/d people : 50 rai green space ϱϬ͕ϬϵϮWKW>ůϭϱϬϬZ/'ZE^W

CRITERIA OF HEALTHY PLACE

Nowaday, Everything has changed. –social, environment, and economy. Especially, the changes caused by urban development. Most global problems take its root from rapid urbanization. The pressing issues are fast growing population, site evolution, and changing population structure.The above factors lead to the objective of this project, that people can adapt with rapid urbanization.

WORKER SAFETY

AGING

UNIVERSAL

FOR ALL

PROTECT FROM POLLUTION

80%

FROM THEMSELVES

AGING AND INCOME

2008

Younger

Planting urban farming change in each season for well management. In winter, plant cabbage ,lettuce and pumpkin. In summer, plant chili ,cos and corns. In rainy, plant carrots, yardlong bean, Ocimum.

The playground consists of the structures that combine with the urban farming.

FROM THEIR CHILD

THEIR CHILD : THEMSELVES

FROM THEMSELVES

2016

FROM THEIR CHILD

THEIR CHILD : THEMSELVES

Changing popolation age structure

Changing demography, the number of bangkok people above retirement age is rapidly increasing.

PRESENT : NODE

OLD : NEW

Worker

In the warm up area, there are many structure to warm up before go to the sports zone.

HUALAMPHONG TIMELINE

Most global problems take its root from rapid urbanisation. According to the above factor, We are interested in the development of abandoned site in the city center to correspond and adapt with urbanisation. From our study, we found Hualamphong railway station, the formerly first main station of Bangkok. Now, the railway of Thailand has a policy to develop the railway system of Thailand to be new national rail transport hub at Bangsue grand station. Hualamphong Railway Station was downgraded to meet the need of the inner Bangkok. The plan caused Hualamphong Railway Station to become an abandoned industrial site in the city center facing several problems. – density population crisis, lack of green space and changing population age structure. The main objective of our project is to develop an abandoned industrial site into a vibrant destination as a Bangkok development plan, walkable city that correspond to the need of the inner Bangkok. The second objective is to connect community between the new- old city and encourage people to connect with aging society and understand the value of them. The last objective is to promote healthy lifestyle. According to Bangkok going to be an aging society and the elderly are abandoned to be more alone. It leads to the concept of this project, connecting people relationship to become family. The site is divided into 6 node to serve the community surrounding that each node have activities for each age. Urban farming activity is main activity connecting each age together.

1852-1857

In 1946, Most ofHualamphong Railway Station was surrounded by canel and road. Most people go to another place by train and boat. So, the area is a landmark of Bangkok.

PHA DUNG KURNG KAREM WAS CONSTRUCTED IN ORDER TO EXPANDING THE CITY – PEOPLE HAVE MORE AREA TO GROW TREE CROP. THE RAMA IV ROAD WAS BUILTIN 1857

1940

RONG MUEANG ROAD WAS BUILT.

1920

HUALAMPHONG DISTRICT STARTS TO BE MORE DENSE BUILDING.

2016

THE PORT WAS BUILD IN PHA DUNG KRUNG KASEM CANAL TO SERVE PEOPLE AND CONNECT TO THE CHAOPHRAYA RIVER (HUA LUMPHONG PIER – THEWES PIER)

In 2016, Most of Hualamphong Railway Station is surrounded by roads. Most people go to another place on the road instead of canel and traditional train.

CHALLENGES

PROPOSAL

Traffic Pollution

Bangkok Development Plan Walkable city

Aging Society

The healing garden is a space for elderies relaxing together.

Aging Healthy Trends AGING

FAMILY

WORKER

Worker

Aging

Younger

YOUNGER

Aging increase being alone TREATMENT

ZONING DIAGRAM

MEDIUM CONTAMINATION PHYTOREMEDIATION

SEVERE CONTAMINATION SOIL VAPOR EXTRACTION

GENERAL ACCESS

LOW CONTAMINATION PHYTOREMEDIATION

DIAGRAM RELATED TO SITE

LOCAL ACCESS

FAMILY ZONE

DUANGKEA TEMPLE

URBAN FARMING STAKEHOLDER

HOUSING

GENERAL ACCESS

Family

In the core space of the size called ‘family zone‘, The area of the urban farming is up to the the function in this zone is for family activity. This number of the people in each local commuzone will promote people to meeting and enjoy to- nity. The healing garden is a space for relaxing togather. gether for forming big family.

FAMILY ZONE CONNECTOR

SRABAU TEMPLE

Planting concept in this urban farming area is to plant the vegetables and orchards and plant trees for pollution buffer surrounded the unban farming area

CIRCLE 22

FAMILY

THEPSIRIN TEMPLE INDIVIDUAL SOCIAL

tree pollution buffer

restuarant

LOCAL ACCESS

orchard

urban farming for family

railway walk way

PLANTING CONCEPT

running track

TREE FOR SOIL TREATMENT BY PHYTOREMEDIATION

URBAN FARMING VEGETABLE, HERBS, FRUITS

tree pollution buffer

TREE FOR PROVIDING SHADE

TREE FOR PROVIDING SHADE

These perspective is the part of the family zone. this zone disconnect with surrounded area to gather 3 generation to form big family .

soil

In the urban farming part, The main circulation is dewe design to raise the vege- signed to be concrete walktable patch to correspond way surround main activiwith formerly site agricul- ties. Sub circulations insert ture pattern. to each activities.

water system

1.50 m

gardening walkway canel

canel

1.00 m

concrete walkway canel

Chitpradubsil Kewalee, Krairavee Supanuch Chulalongkorn university


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ABANDONED RUNWAY TO GREENWAY

RUNWAY TO GREENWAY ABANDONED CHIANGRAI OLD AIRPORT

CHINA MYANMAR LAOS HUB OF LANNA KINGDOM

28

2018

1910

GOVERMENT

TEMPLE

SCHOOL

13

20 12

14 15 18 5

19

7

1 Main Entrance 2 View point 3 Cafe & Gallery 4 Restaurant &Art gallery 5 Music in the park 6 Outdoor fitness 7 Sport fields 8 Sky lane 9 Existing pond 10 Sketchboard 11 Playground 12 Artist studio and Gallery 13 Amphitheatre 14 Workshop Exhibition

11 20 4 COMMERCIAL

HOSPITAL

LAND PRICE

Lastly,For country and region.Development of international exhibition center to support economic development from 3 spacial economic zones, high speed train upcoming plan.

1

28

LANDUSED

Frame of work First, increasing green spaces as The green areas per population of Chaing Rai is lower than international and national standards. Second, improvement economy to promote Chaing Rai as abarts and culture hub due to the fact that the actual income comes from tourism in winter. However, the city has accumulated own identity in arts and culture as well as a huge group of artists.

20 20 21 27

PROBLEM

VALUE

OPPORTUNITY

0.10 m 0.20 m 0.70 m 4.00 m 1.50 m 1.50 m

ASPHAL CONCRETE GRAVEL CEMENT CTB SAND BLANKET SOIL

1

2

22

The site become a new city centre 3

ASPHAL CONCRETE GRAVEL CEMENT CTB

N 23

25

26

GREEN PUBLIC SPACE

EXHIBITION HALL

ARTIST HUB

GOAL

JOGGING CYCLING

SPORT PLAZA AMPHITHEATRE

MASTERPLAN

WEEKEND MARKET

ARTIST STUDIO ZONE

COMMERCIAL ZONE

WAY

RUN

WAY RUN NCE TRA

E LAN BIKE GING JOG

MORE GREEN SPACE

EASY TO ACESS

BIKE

SKY WALK

E

LAN

+ 6.00

IC

CREATIVE ORT

CONNECT OLD - NEW CULTURE CO-CREATE PEOPLE AND ART COMMUNITY

MUS OOR OUFITDTNESS

MAIN

SP

INT

Due to the abandoned airport and high density development of urban areas, the project aims to develop from the abandoned airport located in the city center to useful spaces. The design based on high benefits of over all society in 3 different layers,city, country and region.

KEEP EXISTING RUNWAY

SKY

NT

AURA REST

FUTURE

W PO

PRESENT

VIE

MEETING PAST

EN

RT

CAFE SKY

BIKE

SPO

E

LAN

L

CANA

POND

RESTAURANT AND GALLERY SKY BIKE

LANE

PARKING

KEEP EXISTING STRUCTURE

CANAL

DAILY

MAIN ENTRANCE SECTION

ART MUSEUM AND PLAZA ZONE

ZONING

ART

ACESS NODE

EASY TO ACCESS

ADD NEW ACCESS

MORE VOLUME

ERY

GALL

TED OVA

IST

ART

DIO

STU

REN

RENOVATED STDIO WORKSHOP 2.

AMPHITHEATRE SECTION

EXIBHITION HALL ZONE

UND

IO

IBIT

EXH

RENOVATE ARTIST STUDIO

Due to this area,There are existing building is planed to be move. The idea is to renovate into a studio of artists. This is the area of the exhibition of artists. It is open for people to learn and join as a monthly activity. Let the people participate in the creation. This area for the artist show their work as artist hub that attracts external artists.

WAY RUN P ION F TO HIBIT ROOOOR EX G DIN A OUTDLL LO N HA

RT

SPO

E

LAN

AL CAN

CIRCULATION

IST

ART

MAIN ENTRANCE / COMMERCIAL ZONE

GRO PLAY

ZA BIKE

ION

HIBIT

P EX

SHO

WORK

This area most used by residents and nearby market so that to combine with surrounding to combine into commercial zone. The idea is to attract the city to use in the project area. By placing this part of the restaurant and cafeteria as a destination for dairy meals

WAY OF EN RO

R DOO RE OUTULPTU SC

SKY

ERY

GALL

GRE

U MUSE

PLA

ATTRACTIVE WITH SCULTURE

1.

RUN M

ART CONNECT SURROUNDING

ART

TER ITHEA

AMPH

MEARGE DAILY LIFE WITH ART

OPEN THE HILL

IST

ARY

LIBR

ZONING DIAGRAM

DESIGN STRATEGY

15 Renovated artist studio 16 Art museum 17 Sculpture and roof garden 18 Art museum 19 Out door sculpture 20 Plaza 21 Exhibition and conference hall 22 Parking Building 23 Drop-off 24 Mixed use area 25 National artist’s Sculptures 26 Wetland 27 Parking Service (Truck) 28 Parking

24

SAND BLANKET

RUNWAY DESIGN

OBJECTIVE

28

17

NEW CITY CENTER

TRANSPORTATION

12

12

16

THAILAND CHIANGRAI

CHIANGRAI’S ARTIST 1843

STRATEGY

9

11

ASIAN

1

Chiang Rai located in the northernmost of Thailand that has own unique Art and Culture. Moreover, The location is trading center between Myanmar, Laos, China. Therefore, Thai government has determined it to be a Special Economic Zone, Now be a center of market and Local services. So, Chiangrai has to qualified itself to live with economic growth. The increaing population causes urban sprawl and deforstation. The existing airport did not have enough capacity to support city’s demand. Due to the situation, Chiangrai has to move their main airport to another place and left the old one abandon until now. Objective :the project aims to develop from the abandoned airport located in the city center to useful spaces. The design based on high benefits of over all society in 3 different layers,city, country and region. Framework: First, increasing green spaces that now lower than WHO standards. Second, improvement economy to promote Chaing Rai identity artist hub for all year round travel. Lastly, for country and region.Development of international exhibition center to support economic development from 3 spacial economic zones, high speed train upcoming plan. Concept strategy :Currently, relationship between local people and site use for dairy life and the identity of artist city of still not famous. The design concept developed the public park covering outdoor activities, sports and exercise activities. contemporary and traditional arts combination to create creativity park for people that merge dairy life with by Keep existing runway.

8

7

7

CHIANGRAI

1805

28

5 6 10

THAILAND

1 2

3

4

Chiang Rai province ,Formerly the capital of Lanna Kingdom.Having a long history more than 750 years later. Unique in the arts.Cultural traditions of ethnic diversity in the form of Root Lanna,Neighboring countries Together

IST RE D ART ULPTU LAN SC WET

SS ACE

WALKABLE PUBLIC TRANSPOTATION

ART AND DAILY LIFE

PLANTING CONCEPT

PLAZA AND GATHERING SPACE

The site used the daily routine so the idea is select the deciduous trees and flowering trees together along with the site that create an atmosphere See seasonal changes. And increase biodiversity.

RECREATION ART

3.

ALL YEAR EVENT

EXHIBITION

Each zone will have different colors. such as pink yellow orange etc.

PLAZA SECTION

WETLAND AND EXHIBITION HALL

PLAZA AND GATHERING SPACE 4.

This area is the main plaza most used by people and can access by central plaza commercial and residential the idea of this zone for garthering space and flexible for festival ,Moreover Art museum and out door sculpture

EXHIBITION HALL SECTION

EXHIBITION HALL AND CONFERRENCE ROOM

This area is connect by the significant access of the city and future development plan of high speed train that come with people and goods so that the reason for the loction of exhibition and conference hall

Krairavee Supanuch

Chulalongkorn university


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards

Nature Bow River

The City is developing a new line of the Light Rail Transit (LRT) - Green Line, in order to promote public transit throughout the city. One of the LRT Stations will be located at the edge of Inglewood and Ramsay. The Green Line will bring density in these communities, while also creating a new public realm for both passengers and residents.

History Industry Entrance

Characters

SERIAL VISION

Culture

1966

Viewing Platform

New Corridor

RAMSAY

Green Line Light Rail Transit

INGLEWOOD

New Building Footprint

ER

Triangle Plaza

Green Space

RAMSAY

A

Surrounding Context Access Point to Communities Underground Pathway

Node: promote commutativity through public realms N

Spatial & Numeric Data Services Attributes

STRATEGY PLAN

0 250

750

Open Play Field Upper Pathway

Playground

Lost Space: potential redevelopment

1000m

SECTION A-A SH

Green Line LRT

1

3

Colorado Manitoba American Schubert Spruce Maple Mountain Chokecherry Ash

Move

FUNCTION DIAGRAM

Vegetated Slope

SHINE Line

The new Inglewood and Ramsay Green Line Station will be one small step in shifting Calgary from an automobile driven city into a more walkable society.

Green Line LRT

6m

Canadian Pacific Railway

ne

E Li

IN

Native Species

0

Bur Oak

Three different functions are provided on this site: MOVE: A triangle station plaza designed for a large number of people moving through at different times, creating a space for activities and events.; NATURE: A green space that is elevated on the hill above the station, acts as a transition zone between the community and the station; PLAY: An upgraded playground based on the old community playground, a place for children to engage with nature in this urban setting as well.

New Green Line Light Rail Transit and stops New Bus Rapid Transit New Corridor: connecting communities with river, infrastructure and nature

INGLEWOOD AND RAMSAY NEW DEVELOPMENT PLAN (PROGRAMMED)

0m

The project defines a resilient landscape that can withstand the shock of an uneven distribution of population and various high-traffic periods for the new Inglewood and Ramsay LRT Station.

A

Bridge

New Mixed-Use Development

Northwest American Poplar Elm

TREE VALUE

Express Way Bus Route

Pedestrian and Bike Tracks Water Route and Access Point

Lost Space

10 m

Nature

Green Ash

THE GREEN LINE STATION CONCEPTUAL PERSPECTIVE VIEW

Building Footprint

INGLEWOOD

Historical Building

20 m

Play

Drought and Pollution Tolerant Species

Green Line

Block Pattern

W RIV

Inglewood and Ramsay Station

American Elm Ulmus americana

Green Ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Data provided by the City of Calgary

Spatial & Numeric Data Services Attributes

SITE

Trembling Aspen Populus tremuloides Chokecherry Prunus virginiana

VEGETATION AND WILDLIFE SPECIES

River 9th Ave Heritage Street Canadian Pacific Railway

BO

B B

Glen bow Museum Attributes

Transit Oriented Development

Local Art

Drought Tolerant Species

Viewing Platform

RESILIENT LANDSCAPE

Upper Pathway

SECTION B-B

0

1

Vegetated Slope

3

Major Pathway

The Waiting Room

Waiting PlatformGreen Line LRT

UPPER PATHWAY ALONG THE PLAYGROUND

6m

ian

ad

e

Lin

n Ca

en

Gre

Playground

ailw cR

cifi

Pa C C

ay ST

SE

10 ST SE

SPATIAL COMPOSITION

12

Triangle Plaza

Existing Community Upper Pathway

gP itin Wa

m oo gR itin Wa

e Th

e Th

SECTION C-C

orm latf

Cafe

CIRCULATION

DRAINAGE

Green Slope

0

2

Mixed-Use Development

6

12m

Green Slope

SHINE Line

Vegetated Slope Under Pathway

Vehicular Traffic

NIGHT PERFORMANCE IN THE PARK

Section C-C (scale 1:300)

TREE PLANTING

Mixed Use Development

MASTER PLAN

17 AVE SE

ne

E Li

IN

SH

The City of Calgary has developed in part as a result of the establishment of the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1883. The communities of Inglewood and Ramsay sit on either side of this infrastructure. The urbanization and population growth in these neighborhoods creates a challenge for both the communities and the city planners. The City is developing a new line of the Light Rail Transit (LRT) - Green Line, in order to promote public transit throughout the city. One of the LRT Stations will be located between Inglewood and Ramsay. The Green Line will bring density to these communities, while also creating a new public realm for both passengers and residents. The project defines a resilient landscape that can withstand the shock of an uneven distribution of population and various high-traffic periods for the new Inglewood and Ramsay LRT Station. Three different functions are provided on this site. MOVE - A triangle station plaza designed for a large number of people moving through at different times, creating a space for activities and events. NATURE - A green space that is elevated on the hill above the station, acts as a transition zone between the community and the station. PLAY - An upgraded playground based on the old community playground, a place for children to engage with nature in this urban setting. The new Inglewood and Ramsay Green Line Station will be one small step in shifting Calgary from an automobile-centric city into a more walkable society.

Vegetated Slope

9th Ave Commercial District

New Green Space

Yellow-billed cuckoo Nuthatch Sitta Coccyzus americanus Bur Oak Quercus American macroMountain carpa Ash CrabapSorbus ple americana Malus Saskatoon Hawthorn Nine Bark Amelanchi- Crataegus Physocarpus er alnifolia Fescues Festuca Black-capped chickadee Poecile atricapillus

1979

Neighborhood

1924

Finch Fringillidae

The City of Calgary was settled in part as a result of the development of the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1883. The community of Inglewood and Ramsay sit in on either side of this infrastructure. The urbanization and population growth in these neighborhoods creates a challenge for both the communities and the city planners.

2002

INTERTWINE

INTERTWINE

2017

UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

N

Parking Lot 0 5

15

30m

CULTURAL HUB IN THE TRIANGLE PLAZA

1

WINTER SCENE

2

Yi Zhu

University of Calgary


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

URBAN HAVENS FOR FISH

-A RESILIENT DESIGN FOR THE ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION OF PEARL RIVER DELTAILS WATERBODY

Fish in the Pearl River Valley is under great threat and our design is dedicated to solving this dilemma. As one of Chinaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s major core economic zones, the Pearl River Delta has changed the water network system of the original city with the process of urbanization, leading the disappearance of a large number of riparian areas such as ponds and shallows. The elasticity of the water ecosystem has been greatly weakened. There-fore fishes are difficult to multiply when the floods come, so the species and number are falling sharply, which in turn seriously affects the urban ecological diversity. The purpose of this design is to use urban abandonment sites (such as quarry pits, etc.) and blue and green line area in China Urban Planning System (such as city parks, viaduct area, watercourse, etc.) to transform into riparian areas such as reservoirs and shoals, making flooding a condition conducive to fish reproduction. As the pre-urbanized ecological process has been restored, the species and number of fish will markedly increase. Through all these methods, we put forward our feasible design strategies for improving ecological flexibility and fish biodiversity in the Pearl River Delta.

Zhou Zhixian, Zhu Xi, Hu Yangzhi

South China University of Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

TRANSFORMER

--DISASTER PREVENTION INFRASTRUCTURE FOR HISTORICAL URBAN TOURIST AREA

“1+1+1>3” attempts to employ small and implementable modules in public spaces of the old Cartagena city to mitigate the three key plagues there: frequent flood, unmanaged garbage and extensive sun exposure. Cartagena city is located on the northern coast of Colombia in the Caribbean Coast Region. Its starting point is a major port founded by Spanish as a colony in 1533. Now in this historical and cultural center in Cartagena, high-density development aggravates urban disasters. With concentrated precipitation and extensive impervious surface, urban flood happens frequently. With deficient shades and trash bins, small venders, tourists and local people crowd on certain areas under limited shades thus producing wastes and pollutions much over the capacity of existing infrastructure. Besides, the solutions for all problems in Cartagena City can only be small alterations due to the density of the city. By implementing perforated local “1+1+1” infrastructure strategies thus mitigating all three problems locally, the influences of these solutions can be aggregated to holistically enhance the overall resilience and sustainability of the city.

Su Yaohui, Wang Sirui, Ren Baifei, Zhuo Kangfu Peking University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

FROM TRANSFORMATION TO EVOLUTION: SALTY AGRICULTURAL LANDSCAPE IN THE PEARL RIVER DELTA

In this design, the sea level rising situation is predicted and analyzed, and agriculture is selected as the breakthrough point of the design. The concept of salt marsh agriculture is put forward, and the new agricultural town which is based on the coastal wetland is gradually formed to adapt to the new sea level rising environment. Sea level rise will have a subversive effect on the traditional agricultural economy. The wetland has a strong adaptability in the rising sea level, and the coastal wetland will provide an opportunity to enhance the adaptability of agriculture to the impact of sea level rise. The problem to be solved: Changing the traditional agricultural mode to enhance the adaptability of coastal agricultural land to the new sea level rise. Main features and innovation: Drawing on the traditional concept of land cultivation using natural function, the new transformation model for the local agricultural dev des new value and land for agricultural production, and the agricultural model is re incorporated into the process of natural evolution.

Xiaohao Yang, Wanwen Chen, Jin Huang South China Agricultural University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

RAINWATER NEW HOME

WUHAN RAINSTORM MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

In the face of frequent and extremely severe weather, many cities are suffering from increasingly heavy rain.The outdated urban drainage system was unable to withstand the test of heavy rain. It was the main cause of water logging and water accumulation in the city. Solve the problem: In Wuhan, there was heavy rainfall, low altitude and obsolete drainage systems, and a large number of lakes were buried due to the rapid expansion of the city. The ability to absorb water is greatly reduced, which greatly deteriorates the internal hazards of Wuhan. Innovation point: To this end, we propose an innovative dual strategy. Rainstorm Homes plans to combine urban water storage with the improvement of the quality of urban public space and connect it with urban roads, streams, and drainage systems through road diversion, infiltration, and stagnant water spaces. Effective water storage to relieve the pressure caused by heavy rain to the city, so that rainstorms find their new home.

Peng Wang, Zhuo Cheng, Xile Shi, Lirong Li Xiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; an University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

PATCHING NETWORK

The land parcel is located in the southeast of Sanduâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ao Harbor in Xiapu County, Ningde City, Fujian Province. Since the fishing raft breeding began in the 1980s, it has been the pillar industry of Xiapu County. Meanwhile, the region, from time to time, bears the sufferings from typhoon heavily. In face of unknown natural risks, how to construct a flexible combination of material system and human community so that local residents can quickly respond to disasters and disaster discovery is the starting point for this design. This design is based on the knitting of five lines with red lifeline, orange living line, blue production line, yellow protection line and green landscape line, which are applied before, during and after a disaster. Those lines activate different functions at different times to form a tough network to deal with the impact of typhoon. At the same time, it solves a series of problems such as the underdevelopment of local infrastructure, serious pollution of aquaculture water and a lack of communication between children and parents working at sea.

Jun Feng Zhu, Jian Qiao He, Yi Meng Ma, Hui Li Zhejiang University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

North America

Canada

Alberta

Canada

Alberta

Calgary

BREWERY FLATS

Downtown Calgary Inglewood

Ramsay

Calgary

Plaza

BREWERY FLATS

Redeveloped Building Potential Restaurants, Commercial Spaces 22 m

Planted Tree Grove 8m

12 m

Elevated Walkway with Row Plantings Interior courtyard 24 m

AN ADAPTIVE CULTURAL HUB IN AN INDUSTRIAL LANDASCAPE

Constructing a resilient city is designing for an adaptive landscape. Providing an environment where the ecological balance and cultural stability of a city can cohabitate. In Calgary, Alberta, Canada, the neighborhoods of Inglewood and Ramsay are known for their convergence of history, industry and nature and this project is understanding how to revitalize lost, neglected industrial spaces to create a sustainable public realm.

N 0

1km

Low Groundcover

2km

Design Strategies - Connecting Lost Spaces

5m

Row Planting Paved Transitional Space for Sitting 3m

4m

4m

10 m

Paved Pathway with Low Wall and Shrub Buffer 7m

Canadian Pacific Railway with large gravel surface 15 m

N 0

Green Line Development

1km

Railway Tracks CPRail

Unused Space

15m

30m

Railway Path System

Unused Space

Historic Livery Barn Empty Decrepit Historic Buildings

Plaza

Redeveloped Building Potential Restaurants, Commercial Spaces 22 m

Planted Tree Grove 8m

12 m

Elevated Walkway with Row Plantings Interior courtyard 24 m

Paved Pathway Existing Space with various trees and shrubs 12 m 6m

Design Synthesis - Open/Lost Space Corridors

Inglewood Brewery

Open Unused Space

Improved Pedestrian Access

Historic Livery Barn

Potential Greenway Corridor

Canadian Pacific Railway with large gravel surface 13 m

Existing Green Space with various trees 18 m

Pathway to Railway - Section A

Industrial Views

Empty Decrepit Historic Buildings

Unused Open Space

Potential Railway Trail System

Inglewood Brewery

Improved Pedestrian Access

2km

Improved Pedestrian Access

Redevelopment Potential

0

Project Plan

The Inglewood Brewery is a historical site and played an essential role in creating Inglewood’s identity for over 100 years. As industry remains and large mobility infrastructure such as the Canadian Pacific Railway form gaps in the urban fabric, the “Brewery Flats” project provides a cultural connection to our industrial history, while enhancing biodiversity to create a healthy, stable cultural hub. To reveal the potential of an abandoned, post industrial landscape the “Brewery Flats” project establishes a variety of common spaces where the public can engage in a vibrant, historical, social setting.

Landscape Identity - Historical Significance and the Current/Future Urban Condition of Inglewood and Ramsay 11th Ave Overpass

8m

N

THE INGLEWOOD BREWERY

Constructing a resilient city is designing for an adaptive landscape. Providing an environment where the ecological balance and cultural stability of a city can cohabitate. In Calgary, Alberta, Canada, the neighborhoods of Inglewood and Ramsay are known for their convergence of history, industry and nature and this project is understanding how to revitalize lost, neglected industrial spaces to create a sustainable public realm. The Inglewood Brewery is a historical site and played an essential role in creating Inglewood’s identity for over 100 years. As industry remains and large mobility infrastructure such as the Canadian Pacific Railway form gaps in the urban fabric, the “Brewery Flats” project provides a cultural connection to our industrial history, while enhancing biodiversity to create a healthy, stable cultural hub. To reveal the potential of an abandoned, post industrial landscape the “Brewery Flats” project establishes a variety of common spaces where the public can engage in a vibrant, historical, social setting. The common spaces consist of two plazas, a naturalized courtyard, an urban grove and an elevated walkway. Most of the abandoned buildings on site are to be demolished, as they are unsafe and decrepit. To commemorate this history, the row plantings are enhancing the area with native, sustainable vegetation. Lastly, the path system along the railway provides a connective green corridor that engages with the industrious nature of this landscape. “Brewery Flats” is reestablishing the heart of Inglewood, through composing a collective of spaces to enrich the resiliency between people, public spaces and living material.

Planted Trees and Shrubs

A CULTURE HUB IN AN INDUSTRIAL LANDSCAPE

Canadian Pacific wRailway and 11th Street Intersection to the Bow River - Existing and Potential Functions

17th Ave Overpass

Warehouse Storage Space

Canadian Pacific wRailway and 11th Street Intersection to the Bow River - Existing and Potential Functions Open Unused Space

Improved Pedestrian Access

THE INGLEWOOD BREWERY

Low Groundcover 5m

Potential Greenway Corridor

Row Planting Paved Transitional Space for Sitting 3m

4m

4m

10 m

Paved Pathway with Low Wall and Shrub Buffer 7m

Canadian Pacific Railway with large gravel surface 15 m

Planted Trees and Shrubs 8m

Industrial Views

Urban Grove to Railway - Section B

17th Ave Overpass

Historical Buildings - 1987, 1905, 1940

Paved Pathway Existing Space with various trees and shrubs 12 m 6m

Canadian Pacific Railway with large gravel surface 13 m

Existing Green Space with various trees 18 m

Urban Grove Existing Conditions - Looking North from across the Railway Trees

Ground Cover

Row Plantings

Green Ash - Fraxinus pennsylvanica Shubert Chokecherry - Prunus virginiana 'Schubert' Sensation Maple - Acer negundo 'Sensation' Big Tune Mugo Pine - Pinus mugo 'Big Tuna'

Kinnikinick - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Sweet woodruff - Gallium odoratum Creeping thyme - Thymus serpyllum

Yellow Yarrow - Eriophyllum confertiflorum Pretty Belinda Yarrow - Achillea millefolium 'Pretty Belinda' Willows - Salix Reed Grass - Calamagrostis × acutiflora Ravenna Grass - Saccharum ravennae

Vegetation Abacus

Plaza 12 m

Planted Tree Grove 8m

Redeveloped Building Potential Restaurants, Commercial Spaces 22 m

Elevated Walkway with Row Plantings Interior courtyard 24 m

Plaza to Elevated walkway - Section C

N

Old Fishhatchery

Open Gravel Areas

1938 overgrown vegetation Existing Conditions - Looking West from across with the Railway 12 m

17 m

StorageTanks Open Gravel Areas Fenced off Area with overgrown vegetation Existing Conditions and Historical Functions - Plan 24 m 12 m

0

15m

30m

Urban Grove

Low Groundcover 5m

Old Fishhatchery 1938

Open Gravel Areas with overgrown vegetation

12 m

Demolished Buildings

Row Planting Paved Transitiona Space for Sitting 3m

Open Gravel Areas with overgrown vegetation 24 m

Demolished Buildings

Historical Building Footprint Gardens

Cultural Hub Potential Green Areas

Gravel

Courtyard Potential Green Areas

Plaza Area

Concept Programming

12 m

Existing Site Conditions - Section A

Design Concept - View

Improved Circulation

StorageTanks Fenced off Area

17 m

Improved Circulation

2.5 m

Improved Circulation

8m

Gravel 7m

Canadian Pacific Railway Large gravel 15 m

Gravel 19 m

Existing Site Conditions - Section B

Courtyard and Elevated Walkway - Looking West

1.

Gravel 2.5 m

8m

Gravel 7m

Canadian Pacific Railway Large gravel

2.

Gravel 19 m

15 m

Jane Durham

University of Calgary Assortment of 12 m

Gravel 6m

Railway 10 m Large gravel

Open Grass and Tree 18 m

Assortment of 12 m

Gravel 6m

Railway 10 m Large gravel

Open Grass and Tree 18 m

4m

4m

10 m


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

DISSAPPERING COASTLAND

-REBUILD QIGU COASTAL PREVENTION & VITALITY

DISSAPPERING COASTLAND

-REBUILD QIGU COASTAL PREVENTION AND VITALITY

B

REBUILD COASTAL BUFFER ZONE -DESIGN STRATEGY

Winter Monsoon

Overall Design Process Analysis

boundary

ecology reef

sands

windbreak

wetland

Demonstratoin Zone

composite

site condition now Demonstratoin Zone

Demonstratoin Zone Typhoon

phase 1 SummerMonsoon

5 years

WAVE

WIND

INCREASE ECOLOGICAL VALUE

phase 2 10 years

Sand Dune

Windbreak

A

A’

phase 3 20 years

B

Windbreak

Sand Dune

Coastal Wetland

B’ C

2018

2025

2030

C’

2050

D

+200m

Sand Dune

Windbreak

Coastal Wetland

D’ E

Taiwan, a beautiful whirling island, has created various coastal landscapes by its unique location. However, with the climate changing and overexploitation, the ocean area in Taiwan disappearing each year is estimated 100 hectares. Coastal retreat has not only caused land loss, which deprive the coastal protection, but also threatened the people and the species lived in intertidal zone. To face with the problem, we often use the embankments or wave blocks which is the most passive way of solution. Moreover, this is just another way to destroy the environment, and the protection is inefficient. The proportion of the artificial coast in Taiwan has reached to 55%, which is the highest in the world and turns Formosa into FORTmosa. MAIN FEATURES: We take QIGU liman-coast, our natural protection, as an advantage, where it used to have a complete and natural shoal protection. We found the causes of retreating coast from upstream to seacoast, and propose the corresponding solutions to slow it down step by step. Our goal is to create an eco-based coastal buffer zone, a comprehensive protecting design shaped by time and its natural mechanism, which is based on its existing landscape texture. What follows up is the ecologic value from precious migratory birds and the species along the seashore. When we succeed to slow down the rate of coastline retreat and brings back the protecting mechanism, at the same time, the lives can thrive on this mother land once again and continuously.

E’

Sand Dune

Windbreak

Coastal Wetland

+500m

Sand Dune

QIGU Lagoon area

QIGU Coastland Design Change Process

increase by

Coastal Wetland

60%

Windbreak Oyster Ecology Reef

Cycle Of Oyster Reef

DESIGN STRATEGY DEMONSTRATION SECTION

Migratory Birds Wetland

Sand Dune

Mangrove Inter�dal Zone

WIND PROTECTION

WAVE PROTECTION

Sandcatcing Tes�ng Diagram

Sanding Plants Design

INCREASE ECOLOGICAL VALUE

wave protec�on

sandcatching

Fishing Pond Design Phase

Charadriidae

Anatidae adapt to water depth: 0-1m

adapt to water depth: 0-0.15m

Ardeidae adapt to water depth: 0-0.5m

Scolopacidae adapt to water depth: 0-0.2m

Threskiorothidae adapt to water depth: 0-0.3m

inter�dal culture water depth: 1-2m

Windbreak Plan�ng Phase

wind protec�on salt protec�on

inter�dal culture water depth: 0-1m

floa�ng culture water depth: 3-10m

Mixed forest cluster

Wei Xin Lin, Yi Qing Liao

Chung Yuan Christian University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE CYCLE OF FLOOD

-RELIEVE FLOOD DISASTERS AND SUPPLY GROUNDWATER THROUGH GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE COLLECTING RAINWATER IN BANGKOK The solution was selected to be located in Bangkok, Thailand. The excessive use of groundwater led to serious land subsidence, the altitude of some areas was even lower than sea level, and it was plagued by floods. In the plan, integrate flood control and flood risk reduction into urban greening network system, guided by Stormwater Management, the roof garden, fragmented green space, and streets will be built into a natural ecological Green Infrastructure framework. Utilize the function of water retention purification and seepage of urban green land to supply groundwater through rainwater natural infiltration and purified rainwater reuse and so on, to achieve the effect of promoting the stormwater recycling and the rebound of subsidence ground. A unique plant cultivation facility was designed for the Bangkok slums, and rainwater was collected and used in conjunction with its common slope roof construction.With this kind of macro planning and design method, the resilient landscape of Bangkok will be realized and a better living environment will be achieved.

Liu Menglan, Yang Linjia, Wang Zhaodan, Ren Wei Southwest University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

GREEN RIBBON ON DESERT

-PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF DESERTIFICATION AROUND THE DANG RIVER

The program starts with current water problems and selects Dunhuang City, a historic city in northwestern China, as a target. It considers the phenomenon of typical desertification on the edge of the city and begins to create a flexible desert landscape. As a tourist city, Dunhuang City closely links resources, environment, and society development and presents the contradictions of human survival and development in the context of a fragile ecological environment. The site of the project is located on the banks of the river near the outskirts of Dunhuang City. The dry season is near to a depleted state, the site is flat, the soil is poor, and the surrounding areas are farmland, cities and deserts. There is an extreme imbalance between water supply and utilization. The design integrates ecological restoration and urban landscape planning. Site treatment fully respects nature itself. The restoration of vegetation is used as the main line to achieve the protection, concentration, and recycling of water in a water-deficient environment. The plan also tapped Dunhuang City’s renewable energy (wind energy resources, light and heat resources) to transform its negative effects brought by urbanization to provide economic benefits. In addition, Dunhuang Culture was introduced in the program and responded to the “Belt and Road” proposed in the 21st century.

Xiao Yuxuan, Li Zijie, Wang Ziyue, Yang Qingxiong, Shi Ya Southwest University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REMODELING-RENOVATION OF E-WASTE DUMP Over the past few years, the volume of global E-waste has risen alarmingly. Agbogbloshie is the worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s second-largest electronic dump, where children and adults sort out valuable parts in exchange for money. Last year, however, unreasonable recycling technology caused water and soil contamination, while low recovery exacerbated the problem of economic backwardness. Although the Ghanaian government has taken a series of measures to try to solve the problem, these measures are opposed because they are too tough. We will use the site as an example to explore a resilient solution strategy to repair the contaminated environment, and increase the resistance of the landscape to adverse factors by changing the way the local people interact with nature.

Wei Wei, Meng Lihuan, Zhou Shiyu, Li Yuxiu, Tu Guangshun Chongqing Jiaotong University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

TRANSITIONS

URBAN. RURAL. NATURAL

Long Valley is one of the few pieces of land which remains most of its natural appearance in a well-developed city like Hong Kong. Unfortunately, the high ecological valued wetlands are now disappearing due to lack of groundwater supply brought by the channelization work of its surrounding rivers (Sheung Yue River, Shek Sheung River and Ng Tung River). In addition, the government is planning to develop its surrounding area (Kwu Tong North New Town), this may result in a further loss on the precious natural and cultural assets. Therefore, my design concept is to naturalize the rivers in Long Valley and transform Long Valley into an excellent transition of urban, rural and natural area which makes good use of water as well as enhancing the wildlife habitats. In my design, I would like to divide Long Valley into several islands based on their landscape sensitivity and allow river water to pass through them. With the naturalization of rivers, the absorption, infiltration and purification of rainwater is facilitated, recharging the groundwater supply and thus promoting the local agricultural practice. The enlargement of river sections, creation of retention ponds and design of natural slopes increases the storage of rainwater during heavy rainstorm, alleviating the flooding issue. A variety of programs including Long Valley Nature Park, Eco-tourism, Modern Farm and Traditional Farm, Eco-village and Riverfront Parks are proposed, fulfilling the needs and aspirations of the present and future generations.

Yung Tsz Yin

Technological and Higher Education Institute of Hong Kong


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REBIRTH OF WATER

The area is located in the northern part of China, the Inner Mongolia autonomous region, arukoerqin banner. The region economy is given priority to with agriculture and animal husbandry, but in recent years due to drought and human factors result in a shortage of water problem is very serious, indirectly causing the deterioration of living environment, the problem such as loss of population.We want to use their own system in storage and protection of water sources for natural features, through the elasticity of landscape design, alleviate the problems of shortage of water resources in the region, to build a water resources from the circulatory system, put the region in the face of severe dry weather, have certain ability to deal with, and make it except during the dry period provide water for the region and the environment provides more benefits.Through rainwater collection, sewage treatmentand other methods, the existing water resources can be utilized multiple times to realize the rebirth of water.Through the use of native plants and plant, as well as the use of solar, wind and other energy resources, the formation of ecological agricultural, wetland landscape, to protect biodiversity and improve the local economy sustainable. Social and landscape penetration, to improve the interaction between people and landscape, enable people to participate in the water in the process of multiple use. Realize harmony between man and nature.

Ying Zhuojia, Huahui, Zhao Dongxu, Wei Xinyue, Fu Tianyue Northeast Forestry University, China


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY Location

4

2

6

SITE ISSUE

Changes in the West Coast Landscape

The fall of the Korean shipbuilding industry

Before reclamation

Gunsan-si, Jeollabuk-do, Republic of Korea

SITE

After reclamation

July 01, 2017 Shut down altogether

SITE

Hyundai Heavy Industries, Gunsan Shipyard is located on the west coast Republic of Korea. The reclamation project of the Gunsan Industrial Park was started in 1988 and the Gunsan shipyard was open in 2010. The size of the site area is 278 hectares. In 2017, the land was closed majorly due to changes in the industrial strcture.

Yellow Sea

DESIGN ANALYSIS

HISTORY 1988~2006

1

1. Dock 2. Factory lot 3. Producing area #1 4. Producing area #2 5. Constructed wetlands 6. Reservoir

5

3

Japan

Reclamation project in 2030

Gunsan Industrial park reclamation

Republic of Korea China

2006~2017

SITE INFORMATION

SITE

The development of industrial complex

TRACING THE NATURE

(Trilion)

HISTORICAL CORE

Hyundai Heavy Industries

HISTORICAL CORE

ECOLOGICAL CORE

MARINE LEISURE CORE

The core of history, art and culture takes advantage of the industrial heritage of the past to be rediscovered as a cultural and artistic space. The design will establish a historical space to promote the use and restoration of modern industrialization to support the local economy and local artists. Furthermore, the center will serve as a cultural and artistic space for the region.

A natural seawall will be constructed along with the restoration of mudflats to cope with rising sea levels caused by massive coastal development. The coastal areas of nature will be restored to a state as seen before development projects consumed the area. A co-existence between human beings and the natural ecosystem will be created.

The old shipyards will be transformed into an experiential space. The building uses materials that can be obtained from shipyard waste and embodies the design of a traditional shipyard, making it a cultural space where visitors can have fun. Furthermore, by creating water-friendly spaces such as a waterfront, it is expected that the space will be revitalized as a maritime leisure sports hub along the west coast.

Samsung Heavy Industries

6

4.9

Daewoo Shipbuilding Engineering

4 2

1.1

0 -1.5 -2.9

-2 -4 2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

Shipyard in Gunsan city Preservation

5,250

4,825

86

4,697

Economical 80

80

2016.08

2016.09

C

Excavation

4,506

81

Gunsan Industrial Complex Hyundai Heavy Industries Gunsan Shipbuilding Station

B

Restoration 4,547

2016.06

2016.10

A

Number of employees working at Gunsan shipyard Number of partners in Gunsan shipyard

MUD FLAT

SALT MARSH ECOLOGICAL SEAWALL

Tracing the Nature

ECOLOGICAL ISLAND SALT LAKE

Living Nature

Historical Scenery Planting

Waste Facilities

Rest

Public Space

Enjoyable Waterspace Green

Community Space

Reclaimed Land

Water

ECOLOGICAL SEAWALL

Resilience

C

A

SALT LAKE

Respond

Gardening

Workroom

SALT MARSH

Education

Restoration of Natural Topography

MUD FLAT

Building

MARINE LEISURE CORE

Coast Deck

The Open of the Coast

The Existing Place

ECOLOGICAL ISLAND

Restoration

Exhibition

Concert hall

Lighting

Square

Building

A diverse art space

The Recovery of Wetlands

The Existing Place

Welcome Center

Container

Sustainable Green Energy

Commercial Complex

Factory Lot

D

B WELCOME CENTER BOAT HOUSE

Park Industrial Heritage Space

Crane Symbol

Recovery of Eco-system

Eco-friendly Energy

Factory Lot

INFINITY POOL

The Recovery of Shore

Recreation

PROBLEM Sea Level Rise (Western Coast of Korean Peninsula)

Soil Pollution

Climate Change

Industrial Complex

Coastal Development

Experience

CONCEPT

Gunsan port

Relaxation

Tracing the Nature

The installation of benches and perforated drainpipes

Waste disposal facilities Commercial complex

Housing and amenities Shipbuilding and others

Empty lot

Automobile, steel, petroleum and chemical industries

Twelve out of 62 companies in Gunsan Industrial complex, or 19.7 percent, exceeded the standards for soil pollution as of 2012. The area of contamination is 2285ă&#x17D;Ą and the amount of contamination is 4421mÂł

As a supporting function, it consists of active ecological tourism, education and facilities.

al

Buffer Zone Development function protects key areas and provides monitoring and ecological education opportunities.

Re- Creating value to the land that has lost its function due to the effects of deindustrialization. This project is a proposal to restores the past coastal landscape, maximizing the inherent and natural potential of the land.

Organism habitat

Organism habitat

Japanese ghost crab

Reed

Gravel

PROSPECT

Mud flat

Mudflat Experience

Non-interference area

Interference area

Storage in plants

It help fresh air and sea water to flow inside the mudflat

Chemical release

Partial decomposition of chemicals

Sand Beach

Ecological Seawall

Concrete Wall

Salt Marsh

Wind Break

Marine Leisure

Resilience

Mudflat view

Ecological Route

Migratory Bird Habitat

Ecological Seawall Gaurd Wall Tide land

Lawn

Eco Ride

Salt Marsh

Wetland Observation

Mud flat

Nature and the growing mudflats will be able to cope with historical preservation, economic revitalization and climate changes. It will also preserve the local ecology.

Elevate Path

Salt Marsh

2100

Dispose of undercomposed heavy metals with plants

1. Mud Flat 2. Ecological Seawall 3. Ecological Deck 4. Eco Ride 5. Salt Lake 6. Wetland 7. Marine Eco Park 8. Gantry Crane Tower 9. Ecological Island 10. Dock Memorial Museum

EDGE STRATEGY Existing Condition Grand coastal development projects, such as land reclamation, are directly linked to rising sea levels. Through reverse reclamation, the sea level rise will return to its nature state and thus will eventually purify the contaminated land.

Ecological Education

2060

High Tide

It reverts to the original nautre and creates a sustainable habitat. It also creates a healthy ecological base. Contamination of pollutants, decomposition by micro organisms

Restoration

At the high tide, it creates a unique view of the west coast before reclamation

Disposal

ISLAND ECOLOGY

Absorb soil pollutants

Bird Observation

Restore the ecosystem that has been damaged and create a sustainable environment through reverse reclamation. It will have more features and facilities, creating an ideal place for tourism.

Border Area

Unstable sea soil is washed away with the tide

Absorption in plants

Mud flat

Chosen-kasha-yuri

te hy op

The Beginning of Purification

Cultivate plants

Boat Launching Jetty

2030

Glasswort

Mu df lat

Sandbar

Gramineae

Seepweed

As time gose, the perforated drainpipe and benches naturally disslove

Full deposition

Sedimentation at low tide

The Biosphere Reserve will provide conservation, development, and scientific support that explains ecological diversity and human behavioral diversity.

ISLAND VIEW

Pochard Moonsnail Clam worm

Mudskipper

When submerged, it can be used as a shelter for organisms

BIOSPHERE RESERVE

Spot-billed Duck Shellfish

Black-faced spoonbill

5.0m

Eco-tourism

Whooper Swan

The purification of the mudflats

Bench

Perforated drainpipe

Preservation Monitoring

Pintail

Bean Goose Bar-tailed godwit

Submerge at high tide The difference between ebb and flow

Install bio-based plastic perforated drainpipes and benches

on ati

Green zone

Industrial complex

Rental complex Public sector

Gunsan General Industrial complex covers 563 hectares of land, which consists of industrial facilities, support fafacilities, public facilities areas and green zones.

Industrial Landscape

Green zone

Saemangeum seawall Construction (2006)

Sustainable Landscape

Gunsan Outport (5.4cm rise)

The sea level rose by 5.4 centimeters at the outer port and by 38 centimeters inner the outer port due to the reclamation project. The average rise in sea level per year was increased from 2.1 mm/y to 3.5mm/y.

Oystercathcer

INLAND

Transition Zone

SITE

Resilience Landscape

3.5

Tidal Station

The average sea level on the west coast has changed dramatically due to massive coastal developments.

SOIL STRATEGY

Re

His SITE

mm/y

Mokpo (2.3 mm/y) Tidal Station

MARINE LANDSCAPE AND LEISURE PATH

Core Zone As a function of conservation, studies related to the preservation of species are conducted.

Enjoy

Gunsan Innerport (38cm rise)

Gunsan Innerport (38cm rise) Gunsan Outport (5.4cm rise)

Gunsan Outport (3.7 mm/y)

tor

Geum-river Estuary Bank Construction (1988)

3.5mm/y

Boryeong (9.7cm rise)

Boryeong (6.6 mm/y)

l

ica

Rise in sea level per year 2.1mm/y

According to the natural factors, the average sea level on the west coast was generally high.

MUD FLAT

ogic

Ecol

cre

Incheon (9.7cm rise)

Pyeongtaek (0.9 mm/y)

UNESCO MAB

tion

erva

Pres al

Incheon (1.9 mm/y)

Enjoy

e

enc

sili

Re

Industrial Pollution

Port Coastal Development

Ha l

We remember the story of the shipyard being born and present and rediscover new values by analogy with the process. The days of forcing only natural sacrifice are gone. We understand nature and pursue a harmonious life. This project is also one that holds potential to be a solution for responding to climate change and restoring mudflats where ecosystems can then recover. As the demand for ships declined, the deindustrialization of shipbuilding was carried out, and the once booming shipbuilding industry was waning. As a result, the area where the shipyard was located was hit by the deteriorating economy and environmental problems. Because the sea level rises gradually with climate change, there was an increase in coastal development, causing environmental problems. As reclaimed land is a vulnerable environment to climate change, focusing its re-design should be based on productive conservation. We envision a future where we can restore our harmony with nature, which has been damaged by reckless development due to urbanization, and the negative impacts of human existence. Our goal is to create a floating space in time for rising sea levels and changing environmental issues of reclaimed land. The restored mudflats will bring back the ecological cycles that once existed, as we seek to find ways for humans to utilize resources without harming nature. While proposing the restoration technology, the resulting timeline is also shown. It will create a space with great potential to adapt flexibly to changing situations and environments.

D

HISTORICAL AND ART SITE

78

ECOLOGICAL CORE 2016.04

A New Identity of Shipyard through Nature

11. Pop-up Store 12. Picnic Field 13. Boat House 14. Swimming Pool 15. Parking Lot 16. Ocean Playground 17. Guest House 18. Artificial Wetland 19. Welcome Center 20. Eco Experience Center

Preservation of Industrial Heritage

Low Tide 18

Various ecotourism tours are available along the eco-walking trail at the low tide.

Regional Economy

Ecological Tourism

Marine Sports Base

We hope to make positive advancements by addressing the scope of safety, history, ecology and economics for sustainable development.

L.L.W. 0.000 M.S.L. +3.623 H.W.L. +7.416

Malia Clam Mussel Shell

Phase 1 : Mitigation

Dredge Sand

15

First, the concrete should be removed and then the infrastucture will be created. At this time, the ground foundation can be established by using shells and dredging sand from nearby coastal areas.

19

Ecological Island

13

1

Phase 2 : Inflow Develop the active areas by supplying water to the land. Furthermore, through a refined base and saline plants, we try to restore the former beautiful landscape of the reclaimed land through natural ecological system.

Broad Leaf Phacelurus Wind Flow

5

Reed

Sea Wave

2 9 14 3

Phase 3 : Enlargement

SEA

6 16

To maintain the variety of species, establish ecological infrastructure such as salt farms and salt lakes to create habitat for living organisms. Futhermore, it will function as an industrial complex and coastal buffer region to deal with the changes in sea level rise.

11

4 8

17

INLAND

20 12

SALT MARSH

7

Phase 4 : Stabilization Through this site, various climate changes in the future can be dealt and the habitat of birds can be reconstructed and it will eventually become the lungs of cities that can control and communicate with environmental problems.

10

MUD FLAT

CORE ZONE

BUFFER ZONE

TRANSITION ZONE

Sungku Lee, Eunhee Lim, Jinwoo Park, Minji Park

Hankyong National University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ADAPTIVE ECOLOGICAL EMBANKMENT -BUILD A SUSTAINABLE, PRODUCTIVE AND DYNAMIC GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE FOR LEIZHOU PENINSULA.

The program starts with current water problems and selects Dunhuang City, a historic city in northwestern China, as a target. It considers the phenomenon of typical desertification on the edge of the city and begins to create a flexible desert landscape. As a tourist city, Dunhuang City closely links resources, environment, and society development and presents the contradictions of human survival and development in the context of a fragile ecological environment. The site of the project is located on the banks of the river near the outskirts of Dunhuang City. The dry season is near to a depleted state, the site is flat, the soil is poor, and the surrounding areas are farmland, cities and deserts. There is an extreme imbalance between water supply and utilization. The design integrates ecological restoration and urban landscape planning. Site treatment fully respects nature itself. The restoration of vegetation is used as the main line to achieve the protection, concentration, and recycling of water in a water-deficient environment. The plan also tapped Dunhuang City’s renewable energy (wind energy resources, light and heat resources) to transform its negative effects brought by urbanization to provide economic benefits. In addition, Dunhuang Culture was introduced in the program and responded to the “Belt and Road” proposed in the 21st century.

BinYi Wang, Shaohan Wang, AnJun Xu, Hang Zhou, YueYing Liu Northeast Forestry University, China


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE BREATHING WALL The emperors from the Han Dynasty to the Ming Dynasty built over 300 kilometers of the Great Wall, which is a precious cultural relic. Current Problems: The burning of the Great Wall in Datong for hundreds of years led to ecological deterioration, serious soil erosion, and exacerbated the erosion of the Great Wall by wind and sand.The Great Wall was destroyed seriously due to weak protection. Because of agriculture and animal husbandry in the recession, the living standards of the residents around the Great Wall decreased, and the population was seriously drained. The Great Wall was increasingly separated from peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s lives and gradually forgotten and neglected. The protection of the Great Wall is a matter of no delay. Key features and innovations: Giving the Great Wall a New Identity and New Value in Response to Contemporary Society. 1.Analyze and classify the Great Wall by high technology.Make full use of coal mining waste to renovate gullies around the Great Wall. 2.Reconstruct the ecosystem around the Great Wall by soil and water conservation and plant restoration strategies, form landscapes, create benefits, and increase community attention to the Great Wall. 3.Without relying entirely on the government, adopting personal responsibility to protect the Great Wall and gaining privilege, to obtain economic benefits and return it to the Great Wall Protection.

Yuhan Liu , Siqi Chen, Lanlan Liu, Wei Wei, Xiaoyue Fan Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

RETURN TO XANADU The plot selected for this design is Zhouqu county in Gansu, China. Debris flow in this area is a serious disaster and is a frequent occurrence area of mudslides in China. Our goal is to repair the area after the disaster and to prevent and control the debris flow disaster. According to previous research, this area belongs to the alpine valley. This is one of the main reasons why the area is often disturbed by mudslides. Therefore, we focused on the reconstruction of the mountain to complete the management and prevention of debris flows. The main measures are divided into two phases. One is the emergency prevention measures for the sudden mudslide disaster, and the other is the gradual establishment of buffer zone to prevent mudslides and the other measure to realize the long-term treatment of mudslides. Our design strictly adheres to our understanding of the elastic landscape, and it can be resisted when the natural disaster arrives and can be done better than before. Therefore, our design can achieve the dual purpose of managing mudslide problems and improving the local natural landscape. After the improvement, it also brought new developments to the economy of the local economy. As the title says, Return to Xanadu,it is a beautiful landscape and new economic development provide local residents with life experiences in a fairyland.

Chen Yuan, Li Jianguo, Hu Jiajun, Zhang Xu Chongqing Jiaotong University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REDEMPTION OF SHRINKING CITY

:URBAN RESILIENCE BASED ON THREE-DIMENSIONAL GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE

Many cities in China face the challenge that urban expansion and shrinkage coexist, which also have threats of population loss, vacant properties emergence, along with inadequate urban infrastructure. Ordos, located in southwest of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of China, is a typical case, that economic growth suffered from prosperity to decline owing to single economic source of coal mine. It has experienced severe city shrinkage, and also faces serious sandstorm and dust, and water resource problems with declining groundwater level. The design creates the three-dimensional(3D) Green Infrastructure(GI) to help city return to sustainable development track, meanwhile realize ecological and social resilience. The construction of 3D GI with a system of corehub-link is relying on identifying available vacant properties and existing green space to propose grading principles and strategies. The core formed by public green space has three grades: protection, buffer, and potential zone, which is determined by ecological assessment. The hub based on vacant high-rise, vacant land in shanty towns, and community green space, has three categories: vertical, surficial and island, which is determined by service radius of core and vacant properties potentiality. The link system combined with river, vertical greening, greenway, and temporary structures, consists of three ways: river, vertical and surficial, which is determined by ecological analysis and ENVImet simulation study on street types. Taking Dongsheng District in Ordos as an example, the 3D GI system construction combined with local conditions is proposed to achieve resilience relationship between society and nature in this region.

Jing Yuan , Zhang Ke

Southwest Jiaotong University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ELASTIC VILLAGE

-MODULARIZED RURAL ECOLOGICAL INFRASTRUCTURE RECONSTRUCTION

The theme of this design is “RESILIENT LANDSCAPE”, Resilient is defined as “the ability of ecosystems to endure disruptions without crashing,” and is the ability of humans and ecosystems to be empowered to self-recover and adapt to the future. By combining the ability to endure intrusions, inconspicuous but meaningful changes, that is to say, through the optimization and upgrading of rural ecological infrastructure, the current mode of extensive management of agriculture that relies on resource consumption will be transformed into ecological composite three-dimensional agriculture, creating a development model of production, life, and ecology. After GIS analysis of the nature of the current site and ecological sensitivity, the site is divided into areas for development and utilization and ecological protection. And The developable areas will be re-planned into farmland, forest land, water bodies, and communities. At the same time, space accessibility is calculated based on space syntax, and starting from the flexible countryside, ecological cycle planning is conducted for rural industries to find the driving force for sustainable development. On the basis of previous analysis, guided by production, life, ecology and landscape, for land of different nature and accessibility, we will optimize and upgrade the infrastructure, improve the quality of rural life, and improve the rural ecological environment. The difference between urban and rural income and quality of life is the main factor that determines the migration of rural labor force, therefore, in the design, we will increase the number of blue-green infrastructures such as production and living infrastructure and ecology and landscape.

Wang Lei, Lu Wentao, Zhang Lian Southwest University, China


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards

CITY.LAB

13%

FUTURE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR WATER, FOOD, WASTE & ENERGY 17%

INDONESIA (175,000 tonnes/day)

38%

SINGAPORE (20,600 tonns/day)

Recycling Treatment Panels to be installed at 0 - 20° for maximal sunlight

70%

Self farming and reduce water waste through aquaponics Aquaponics

Reduce water consumption from 220l to 150l

60%

SOLID WASTE AT PENINSULAR MALAYSIA Currently, 95% of landfills in Malaysia are non-sanitary.

COMMERCIAL & INSTITUTIONAL 28% Perlis

HOUSEHOLDS 65%

Malaysia generates 33K tonnes of solid per day, mostly from households - at least 22% of waste can be Pulau extracted and recycled. Penang

Kedah

FUTURE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR Water WATER, FOOD,Storage WASTE & ENERGY

17%

MALAYSIA (23,000 tonnes/day)

Water Storage Tank

Filter System

Tank

THAILAND (73,550 tonns/day)

SOLID WASTE 45% Food & organic 13%

Kuala Lumpur 40

Negeri Sembilan Melaka

Paper

Johor

Garden Others (glass, textile, medel & etc)

0

E

Pu

Master plan in front of Exhibition Center to acknowledge people about biomass system.

5%

EXISTING CROP FIELDS AND WATER AFFECTED AREAS IN MALAYSIA 2500-3500mm (per year) Precipitation to Catchment Area

Perlis

Kedah

Perpective of front yard at Exhibition Center

20

Diaper

16%

WASTE COMPARING TO SOUTH EAST ASIAN COUNTRIES

Section of front yard at Exhibition Center

Plastics

9%

6%

40%

Pahang

WORLD RECYCLE RATE Source: www.atlas.a-waste.com

30%

INDUSTRY 7%

60

Selangor

Non-sanitary 82%

12% 50%

16%

80

EXISTING LANDFILLS

10%

Filter System

Biomass

Medini Johor Bahru, Malaysia

12% 6%

Solid Waste Generated & Household Waste Composition in Malaysia, 2012 1%

Harvest and resuse water

33kg tonnes per day

9%

Kuala Terengganu

2%

Malaysia is in low recycling rate 17.5% (2015)

Flood Resilience

45%

13%

Kelantan

Perak

Jo ho Ke r Ke da la h nt N. Me an Se la mb ka Pa ilan ha Pe ng Pe ra la rl k u is Pi na Sa ng Sa ba Se rawah Te lang k re or gg an WP WP u La KL bu an

UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

Perak Pulau Pinang

Kelantan

Consumes 30 to 40% of Malaysia’s annual rainfall Agriculture 6.6 million hectares crop production

Kuala Terengganu

1 2

Pahang

Exhibition Center

Selangor

The key design principle is based on topography modification and climatic mapping through computational fluid dynamics simulation(CFD). Real time data of weather and wind are simulated to obtain quantitative values that drives the design quality of the space. In accordance to that, building masses are placed embracing the prevailing wind of North East and South. Therefore, the incorporation of simulation for City.Lab master planning of becomes the experiment ground to regenerate both the environment and shift the people’s paradigm in appreciating outdoor spaces.

Academic Buildings

Negeri Sembilan

Sport field

Library

Eatery Sports Hall 5

Bike Dock Stations Bike Route

Academic Buildings Melaka

15000

Johor

6351

Crop water use (L/kg) in Malaysia

L water/kg yeild

10000

4

1. Exhibition center 2. Academic building 3. Promenade 4. Library 5. Conference center 6. Sport hall 7. Agriculture resources

4

7

Residential (Research Institute) Commercial Research Institute

12741 11418

3

Downwash effect

The urban layout is designed for a calm, comfortable and wind still open space.

Section of front yard at Exhibition Center

6 6

In between the highrise buildings the downwash effect applies. The effect is used to generate different sensations.

Master plan of Biomass Institute.

Student Centre

5000 1603

541

141

886

1408 296

262

238

114

442

268

837

1541

2442 629

223

1224 1242 1297

1901

2946

2822

POSTGRADUATE 20 storey 3,600 people

Stepping effect

551

Commercial

VEGETABLES & FIELDCROPS

a

t

a

nu

l

er

er

ce

Te

co

co

Channel effect STUDENT WITH FAMILY 2 storey 300 people

Waterfront By channelling wind around this area, a micro climate can be generated that is ideal for plants.

INDUSTRIAL COMMODITIES

BIOMASS ENERGY

Axonometric from Biomass Institute to water front

Prevailing Wind from North North East Diverting effect

Understanding the types and of waste and looking the process of biomass energy. The data shows great potential for Malaysia to consider biomass energy as a source of renewable energy compared to fossil fuel.

UNDERGRADUATE 12 storey 7,500 people

20m walking radius

Through the open surface, wind can flow unhidered and be experienced in its full nature.

Co

oi

pp

Ri

Co

bb

FRUITS

Pe

Ru

a

er

ts

ne

av

ng

nu

ca

ss

Gi

nd

r

Po

Ca

ou

ge

Gr

ta to Ma iz He e rb s To ma Ro to ot Ca bb s ag & tu e Pi be ne rs ap pl Tr op Pa e ic pa al ya fr ui Ba t na na Wa Ma te ng rm o el on Or s Gr ange ap Ci ef s tr ru us it fr ui Pa t lm

0

Su

City.Lab aims to transform the current plot of greenfield into a biomass and waste research facility as part of Medini master plan. The site is situated in Johor and is surrounded by key features such as Educity, Legoland and Pinewood Iskandar Malaysia. The research facility is a small scale township that operates with the components of commercial lots, residential for both researchers and public with well connected blue and green spaces. Malaysia generates 33,000 tonnes of solid waste daily with majority of it from household and mostly treated through non-sanitary landfill. As Johor’s population is projected to grow from current 3.65 million to 5 million across 15 years, the immense amount of waste could be the precious resource for the research facility. The ambition of City.Lab is to reduce carbon emission (Malaysia LowCarbon City Framework) through the provision of interconnected public transport system and curating environmental conditions which encourages walking, cycling and prolong dwelling in exterior spaces.

20000

19146

Kuala Lumpur

WATER AFFECTED AREAS

The effect of wind suprises in the transition from opened to closed spaces. Prevailing Wind from South

Manure

Forest Residue & Wood Waste

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)

Oil Palm Biomass

11,400 people

Wind Speed 1.0-2.0 m/s Student Residential

Wind Speed 2.0-3.5 m/s

Dedicated Biomass Crops 5-8 storys/ building 4000 people

59.3 TONNES

5-8 storys commercial 20 storys housing 800m2/floor 8-10 units/floor 25 people/floor 12,000 people

Student Residential

Temperature Increases (0.1c at every 15m)

150m2/ household 3-5 people 400 household 1500-2000 people

15m Prevailing Wind from South

10m

Fossil Fuel (Petroleum/ Natural Resources)

Tram Route

Seating Area

Water Feature with Deck

Amphitheatre

Solid Waste Key Plan

Residential Area 18,000 locals and international workers

COMBUST

Layout of buildings to cool down temperature. Section of residential area.

ELECTRICITY Temperature increases

Axonometric water front area

C I T Y . L A B

CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT | JOHOR , MALAYSIA

15.50 FFL x

15.00 FFL x

Terraced Seating

Promenade

Rain Garden

Student with Family Residential Area

10m

Layout of buildings to cool down temperature. Section of residential area to water front.

CITY.LAB | RESIDENTIAL | for children CHILDREN PLAYGROUND Awareness of biomassAREA system

2

Research Institutel connects to overall site

1

Using the idea of playground to encourage children to go out their house and enjoy outdoor activities.

3

Water is collected from this place to another place as the idea of rubbish collecting by biomass system.

Recycling water in the center of playground as the idea bring rubbish to biomass factory to generate energy.

Perspective of activities and experiences in local and international residental to increate communitity connection develop their lifestyle.

4

1. BIOMASS INSTITUTION 2. EXHIBITION CENTER 3. STUDENT RESIDENTIAL 4. LOCAL AND INTERNATIONAL RESIDENTIAL

Playground to help children acknowledge the biomass system.

Ronn Kay Jinxi, Jade Chin Jie, Trang Nguyen RMIT University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE DESIGN OF RIVER RESILIENT LANDSCAPE IN URBAN FRINGE AREA The design of river resilient landscape in urban fringe area: As a typical developing country, China inevitably faces the challenge of the erosion of the natural ecological environment by urban expansion. The urban fringe area where nature and cities collide with one another is the most profound manifestation of this contradiction. The Shahe River is an important river that flows from the natural mountainous area of northwestern Beijing into the city and flows mainly through the urban edge of Beijing. The complex nature of the land around the river, the complex social structure, and the expansion of the city, together with the discharge of sewage, threaten the health of the river. We designed to first ensure that the riverâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s most basic ecological bottom line, and then gradually extend the river as the main thread of the green context, and eventually grow into a greenway system of the entire region. We hope that the beautiful natural river environment will no longer be a victim of urban development, but an organic open space for common development and integration with the city.market can be reborn and become a place for people to exchange and communicate with each other, and can effectively carry on the memory of the city.

Wei shimeng, Lyu Shuo

Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

FANTASY OF GREENWAVE

DESIGN FLOOD BY RESHAPE THE EARTH

The project is located in Huyanghe City, Xinjiang, China. Due to nature and human factors, saliniza­tion is the most prominent problem, which leads to a series of ecological and environmental problems such as the decline of agricultural production and the destruction of precious Populus euphratica forest. This program, through the replanning of the local water system, makes full use of the seasonal flood caused by melting water in summer, washes the surface, and deals with the problem of saliniza­tion. The district is divided into four parts: farmland, wetland, Populus euphratica forest and construction area,meanwhile,there are four strategies. strategy!: in the farmland area, dissolving and removing saline and alkaline with water and plants. Based on the analysis of the catchment, rainfall, and surface runoff, combined with the texture of the current farmland ,concept from the folding of the desert dunes, the surface texture of the farmland is recreated. The foldings guide water flow, wash saline and alkaline. Strategy2: in the wetland area, after salt washing, the run off will be discharged into the wetland to be purified to save fresh water resources. Strategy3: in the populus euphratica forest area ,redesigning the surface and terrain,leading the flood from up stream to sweep the salt water in summer. Strategy4: After the ecological restoration of the site, the base resists better the interference and destruction caused by urban development and human activities. Different crops are planted in a group. Each group has a wetland to purify irrigation water and eventually forms a stable ecosystem.

Li Xiu, Yu Pianpian, Ding Chunya Southwest Jiaotong University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE ENORMOUS GREEN

THE ENORMOUS GREEN Megaphanerophyte

landscape

in

the

skyscraper

city. The

01 Shenzhen

02

case.

MEGAPHANEROPHYTE LANDSCAPE IN THE SKYSCRAPER CITY THE SHENZHEN CASE Commercial District

Residential Area

1. With the continuous growth of population and the rapid development of urbanization, urban buildings are

1.With the continuous growth of population and the rapid development of urbanization, urban buildings are gradually becoming highrise and intensive, and the city has become a grey forest growing in the heat island. 2.In 2017, the number of skyscraper in Shenzhen ranks third in the world. Height of the building in city is increasing, but the plant landscape has not changed with it, to coordinate the huge building, and to a certain extent to better alleviate the urban heat island effect. 3.Green quantity, is a measure of the greening of three-dimensional space, which is closely related to the canopy and height of plants, and can effectively evaluate the effect of plant height on the alleviation of urbanization.

gradually becoming high-rise and intensive, and the city has become a grey forest growing in the heat island.

The original landscape in commercial area

The original landscape residential area

4.Megaphanerophyte big trees are used in the commercial district, and the residential area adopt the seasonal plant to build the colorful landscape. Both tree sprcies have clear crown.

2. In 2017, the number of skyscraper in Shenzhen ranks third in the world. Height of the building in city is increasing, but the plant landscape has not changed with it, to coordinate the huge building, and to a certain extent to better alleviate the urban heat island effect.

Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn.

Paulownia fortunei (Seem.) Hemsl.

Bombax malabaricum

Eucalyptus deglupta

Height: 20 meter

Height: 30 meter

Height:

Height:

25 meter

50 meter

Cinnamomum camphora (L.) presl

Eucalyptus citriodora Hook.f.

Liquidambar formosana Hance

Taxodium mucronatum Tenore

Height:

Height: 40 meter

Height: 30 meter

Height:

20 meter

50 meter

5. Landscape of

3. Green quantity, is a measure of the greening of three-dimensional space, which is closely related to the canopy and height of plants, and can effectively evaluate the effect of plant height on the alleviation of urbanization.

enormous green is not only have a remarkable ecological benefit to our city— —the risilience to the urban heat island effect, but let us live in a green forest city, to see, to feel the harmony between man and nature.

4.Megaphanerophyte big trees are used in the commercial district, and the residential area adopt the seasonal plant to build the colorful landscape. Both tree sprcies have clear crown. 5.Landscape of enormous green is not only have a remarkable ecological benefit to our city——the risilience to the urban heat island effect, but let us live in a green forest city, to see, to feel the harmony between man and nature.

Nan Li, Yi Lei Rao, Zhong Ming Lian, Ling Suo Deng

Guangdong Ocean University Cunjin College


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ZHANGJIAKOU CITY PEOPLE'S PARK POOL REVETMENT ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPE REGENERATION

Taking the Zhangjiakou city peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s park pool revetment as the design subject.Through ecological restoration, water elasticity and elastic experience space, we can solve the problems of water leakage, poor water circulation, for ecological, social and cultural resilience.

Ren Qihui, Lu Xikang, Gui Jianing, Jia Yanan Hebei University of Architecture


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ODE TO THE FRONTIER RESILIENT LANDSCAPE IN RESPONSE TO THE DESERT CLIMATE

Zhangye city, Gansu province, China is in the desert region of the northwestern China .Because of the climate of desert area, Zhangye city is in area with harsh natural environment. The oasis in the desert is the basis for peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s survival. However as people unreasonably reclaimed land and irrational methods of water use ,natural conditions became more and more harsh. It was threatened by desert migration and land salinization at any time. Eventually it led young laborers to leave here and go to urban city. Because of this, Zhangye city faced the problem of aging. What we should do is making measure to deal with extreme climates and resilience mechanism of recovery measure. Also we should take action to adjust the distribution of local water resource. Great natural environment will attract more local people and strangers come here and guard the desert oasis. Use 16 strategies to propose three-tier measures : 1. Establish a defense layer and use artificial defense measures to protect vulnerable oasis. 2. Establish a buffer layer and use plants to measure regional dust storms and wetland ecosystems to conserve water resources and handle land salinization. 3. New ecosystem formation when the buffer layers on both sides fuse. Different strategies have different capabilities for resisting disasters and recovering, overlapping and transform each other. The point for the design is to rejuvenate the local agricultural economy by improving the ecology and enhancing the response and recovery capabilities for extreme climates.

Liu Rongqing, Hu Yaodan, Yang Yongtao, Wen Huan Southwest University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

PREFUTURE

THE REUSE PLAN OF WASTEWATERPOND IN YAZD,IRAN

The project is located in the city of Yazd, Iran, where there is basically no surface runoff and lacking of water resources. The qanat restricts the direction of urban expansion and the problem of water rights. With the continuous expansion of the city, water resources have been unreasonably exploited, which has caused seriously damage of the qanat, land subsidence and casual discharge of urban waste water pond. The project analyses the present situation of the city, and predicts that the qanat will be destroyed in a wider range and the area of the wastewater pond will be enlarged in the future. On the basis of this, the plan will protect and strengthen the qanat, process and reuse waste water pond and then improve the ecological environment around the wastewater pond. The processed wastewater can alleviate the problem water shortage and water rights disputes. Some of the processed wastewater are used to serve agriculture around its surrounding area. Taking advantage of the industry development to give more employ-ment opportunities in society, we can weaken the social contradictions. From a long-term perspective, ecological strategy is the foundation and key to ease social contradictions and increase social welfare. The development of ecology is conducive to the alleviation of social problems and the weakening of social contradictions is more conducive to the further development of ecosystem. Ecological strategies and social strategies complement each other and form a virtuous circle.

Qiu Xiaoping, Hong Changxin, Shi Lei, Zhuo Zhixiong, Hu Jianhang Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

PRESENT TENSE | LONDON

Site Formation

Space Influence on Behavior

Site Plan

Layers Ground Light Street Light

Jun 2014- Pride London "Freedom to..."

Nov 2010- Fund Our Future: Stop Education Cuts

Pride London is an annual LGBT pride festival and parade held each summer in London. In 2014, more than 30,000 people attended the march.

Nov 2006- National Climate March 2006

A series of student demonstrations took place during November and December 2010 in UK in opposition to planned spending cuts to further education and an increase of the cap on tuition fees by the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government. The first major demonstration was held in central London. Approximately 30,000 to 52,000 protesters attended the demonstration.

April 2009- 2009 G20 Summit Protests

The 4th November was the Saturday before the UN Climate Talks (COP 12/ MOP 2) in Nairobi (6th-17th November). On this day there were demonstrations and events, demanding urgent action on climate change all round the world. Around 30,000 people attended the demonstration in London.

2001-2011- Brian Haw

The protest occured in the days around the 2 April 2009 G20 Summit. The summit was the focus of protests from a number of groups over issues ranging from disquiet over economic policy, anger at the banking system and bankers' remuneration and bonuses, the continued war on terror and concerns over climate change. A bystander died during the protest.

Mar 2011- March for the Alternative

Brian William Haw (7 January 1949 – 18 June 2011) was an English protester and peace campaigner who lived for almost ten years in a peace camp in London's Parliament Square from 2001, in a protest against UK and US foreign policy. He became a symbol of the anti-war movement over the policies of both the United Kingdom and the United States in Afghanistan and later Iraq.

Sep 2002- Liberty & Livelihood March

A protest march against planned public spending cuts by the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government that was formed in May 2010. An estimation of 250,000 to 500,000 attended the demonstration.

Feb 2003- Stop the War

The protest primarily focus on opposition to a ban on hunting with dogs in England and Wales, and also aims to increase awareness of other rural issues such as low incomes and poor services. 400,000 people attended the march.

On 15 February 2003, there was a coordinated day of protests across the world in which people in more than 600 cities expressed opposition to the imminent Iraq War. 750,000-2,000,000 people attented the protest in London. It remains probably the largest protest march in UK history.

Jan 2018- Women's March on London

2018 Women's March were anniversary events for the 2017 Women's March in Washington D.C.. Over 100,000 attended the march in London, primarily focusing on women's rights, as well as other issues like gender justice, racial justice and economic justice.

0

May 2001- May Day Protest

50 ft

N

5,000-10,000 protestors attended this anti-captalism/globalization protest primarily for the worker and immigrant right. The protest finally escalated into violence.

Light

Archs & Benches Bench

Statue

Car Block

Archs & Benches Benches Platform

Statues

Statues

Corridor

Bench

Mist Emitter

Slope Ground Light Arch

Structure Reserved Trees

Platform

Arch Green Space

Present TENSE |LONDON

1

Design Response to Conflict in the Public Realm

Public open space belongs to everyone and no one at once. It is made and re-made to serve the complex human needs. It is also to provide the ground for people engaging in public discourse. How to build a public environment that is resilient to all manners of human actions? This project aims to give a design response to the dynamics and outcomes of human conflict in the built environment by studying protests in London. The examination of the protest history in London suggest that the social awareness and policy change led by protests are related to the number of people participated rather than the proportion of people died or injured. Therefore, the design proposal is based on the following positions: public engagement and ways of expression should be supported; public environment should be protected; damage and violent behaviors should be mitigated. The core of the strategies resides in human-human relationship and human-environment relationship. By studying the confrontational pattern between protesters and the enforcement, and researches about environmental psychology, design proposals are made: large areas of hard paving and small scale green spaces will take the place of the great lawn; behavior mitigators such as mist emitters and reflective surfaces on structures will be implemented. Besides, a water system is proposed to address the site’s ecological resiliency given that the site resides in London’s flood zoon. Overall, the proposal will holistically improve the site’s function and resiliency, and hopefully give inspiration for relevant studies.

Violent

Peaceful

Tools & Equipments

Surface

Fire

Smoke Grenade

1990 Anti-Poll Tax 2009 G20 Summit Protests 2010 Fund Our Future 2011 March for the Alternative

Shards

2009 G20 Summit Protests 2010 Fund Our Future 2011 March for the Alternative 2015 Sisters Uncut

Fire Extinguisher

2009 G20 Summit Protests 2010 Fund Our Future

Rotten Food

2001 May Day Protest 2010 Fund Our Future

Gas Mask

2001 May Day Protest 2003 Stop the War

Umbrella

2001 May Day Protest 2003 Stop the War 2006 National Climate March 2011 March for the Alternative 2017 Women’s March

Carriage

1963 CND March 2001 May Day Protest 2001 Stop the War 2003 Stop the War 2006 National Climate March 2011 March for the Alternative 2017 Women’s March

1848 Kennington Charitists 1911 Suffragette Protest

Roadblock 1936 The Battle of Cable Street

Horse

Loud-speaker

1911 Suffragette Protest

1972 Pride 1983 CND March for Peace 1990 Anti-Poll Tax 2001 May Day Protest 2006 National Climate March 2011 March for the Alternative 2016 Stop Trident 2017 Women’s March

Broadcast Screen 2002 Liberty and Livelihood March 2016 Stop Trident 2017 Women’s March

Mask

Fan

2001 Stop the War 2003 Stop the War 2006 National Climate March 2009 G20 Summit Protests 2011 March for the Alternative 2014 Pride March 2016 Stop Trident

Instrument

2006 National Climate March 2014 Pride March

1936 Jarrow Crusade 1968 Peace March in Vietnam 1978 The Anti-Nazi League Rally 1983 CND March for Peace 1990 Anti-Poll Tax 2001 May Day Protest 2014 Pride March

Costume

Banner

1911 Suffragette Protest 1956 Protest Against Suez Crisis 1990 Anti-Poll Tax 2006 National Climate March 2011 March for the Alternative 2014 Pride March 2017 Women’s March

Flag

1911 Suffragette Protest 1983 CND March for Peace 1994 Criminal Justice Act

1848 Kennington Charitists 1911 Suffragette Protest 1936 Jarrow Crusade 1968 Peace March in Vietnam 1990 Anti-Poll Tax 2001 May Day Protest 2010 Fund Our Future 2017 Women’s March

Present TENSE |LONDON

Behavior

Attack 1990 Anti-Poll Tax 2001 May Day Protest 2009 G20 Summit Protests 2010 Fund Our Future 2011 March for the Alternative

Scrawl 2009 G20 Summit Protests 2010 Fund Our Future 2011 March for the Alternative

Climb 1968 Peace March in Vietnam 1978 The Anti-Nazi League Rally 1983 CND March for Peace 1990 Anti-Poll Tax 2001 Stop the War 2009 G20 Summit Protests 2017 Women’s March

Death Mimicry 2003 Stop the War 2006 National Climate March 2015 Sisters Uncut

Encamp 2001 May Day Protest 2014 Pride March

Speech 1848 Kennington Charitists 1983 CND March for Peace 2009 G20 Summit Protests

Concert 1963 CND March 1972 Pride 1978 The Anti-Nazi League Rally 1983 CND March for Peace 2003 Stop the War 2006 National Climate March

Shout 1911 Suffragette Protest 1936 The Battle of Cable Street 1983 CND March for Peace 1994 Criminal Justice Act 2002 Liberty and Livelihood March 2006 National Climate March 2011 March for the Alternative

Bicycle Team 2001 May Day Protest 2006 National Climate March

March 1848 Kennington Charitists 1936 The Battle of Cable Street 1963 CND March 1978 The Anti-Nazi League Rally 1990 Anti-Poll Tax 2001 May Day Protest 2006 National Climate March 2010 Fund Our Future

Spatially, most of the protests happened in London's city center. Among the protestors’ favorite sites, three became a focus of analysis for this project. These sites are either adjacent to the traffic hubs, near tourist attractions, or beside the government offices. Those elements make the sites busy and crowded, becoming ideal places for people to engage in public discourse. Of the three, Parliament Square has a moderate degree of development, and its potential for future intervention is relatively high.

Sit in 1978 The Anti-Nazi League Rally 2001 May Day Protest 2003 Stop the War 2011 March for the Alternative

As an historic site, Parliament Square has gone through major change three times, in 1804, 1868 and 1950. The traffic flow and pedestrian access have been much improved by sharing the traffic burden on one intersection to other three. And it now is surrounded by a number of famous tourist attractions, including Big Ben and Houses of Parliament to its east, and Westminster Abbey to its south. Through past public action happened here, more resilience for the site to protect itself from severe damage, and mitigation to protestors’ behavior is in need.

Protester Tactics

Snatch Squades

1990 Anti-Poll Tax 2001 May Day Protest 2009 G20 Summit Protests 2010 Fund Our Future

Escort

1848 Kennington Charitists 1936 Jarrow Crusade 1972 Pride 1983 CND March for Peace 2001 May Day Protest 2017 Women’s March

Kettle

1990 Anti-Poll Tax 1994 Criminal Justice Act 2001 May Day Protest 2009 G20 Summit Protests 2010 Fund Our Future 2011 March for the Alternative

Roadblock

1936 The Battle of Cable Street 1985 Miners’ Strike Rally 1990 Anti-Poll Tax 2001 May Day Protest 2003 Stop the War 2010 Fund Our Future

Guard

2001 Stop the War 2009 G20 Summit Protests 2010 Fund Our Future 2011 March for the Alternative

Police Tactics

Helmet

Riot Helmet

Airwave Personal Radio

Body Protector

Baton

Handcuff

Riot Shield Torch/Spray

Based on current site condition, a number of interventions are proposed. By moving the west edge of the square, previously separated two parts of Parliament Square will become a whole, without interfering its traffic pattern. Considering views on site towards the tourist attractions, an open area should be kept from any visual obstacles. Then taking the view of passengers from all directions into consideration, reference lines for site structures formed. Overall, the square will be composed of three parts, each achieves different functionality.

London Systems Population 8,000,000+ Languages 300+

United Kingdom

Regular Uniform

Roit Gear

Those installations also provide multiple recreational activities in daily life. After the intervention, the crowd would be more likely to occur around the installations in typical days. While in the protests, the open area will become protester’s major gathering space. On the western part of the square, the platform created by the slight slope would serve protesters public speech or performance. But if protests become violent in this area, mist emitters will disperse the crowd, protecting the trees and statues from severe damage. The water of the mist emitters will be collected and reused through the system. Parliament Square’s flooding issue will also be mitigated by this system.

For Mass Public

OPEN

Overall, using protest as a research point, this proposal will holistically reform the function and resiliency of Parliament Square, and hopefully provide some support and inspiration for future study.

2

Actions

HALF OPEN Recreation

& Structural

HALF ENCLOSE

Protection

D

Crowd Occurance Rate

Recreation

View 2 View 1

Canine Unit London, locating in the south-east of the United Kingdom, is the political, economic and cultural center of the country. It is an important world-tourism destination. More than 8 million people speaking 300 languages live in this globalized metropolis. The complexity of its context inevitably leads to contradictions of different ideologies.

Night Scene

To make the site more resilient to damages caused by protests, large areas of hard paving and some small-scale green spaces will take the place of the great lawn; behavior mitigators based on environmental psychology researches will be adopted. For example, mist emitters can be used for blurring the view, and reflective surfaces on structures can be implemented so people seeing themselves psychologically become calmer on their behavior.

Daily

& Behavior

Mitigation

View 4 View 3

During Protest

Mounted Police

Example of Police Tactics

Oxford Circus 2:45pm

2001 May Day Protest

Protest Scene from View 3

Protest Scene from View 4

Oxford Circus 6:05pm

As a means of self-expression, innumerable protests have happened in London’s history. Issues touch all aspects of social life. In those scenes of conflict, protesters used as many varieties of tactics as possible to make their voices heard, from those more peaceful to others more violent. Metropolitan police also have adopted different strategies in the name of maintaining order and security, though the justification for some enforcement measures is controversial.

Oxford Circus 7:20pm

An examination of the protest history in London suggests that it was neither the severity of damage caused, nor the proportion of people died or injured that makes the protest resultful. Most of the protests that are influential enough to be recorded are the biggest ones that occurred after the 1960s. What really leads to the social awareness and policy change is the scale of the protests—the number of people participated. From the perspective of human rights, it is still a story about protecting the interests of the majority.

Greater London

Site Comparison

+ DAMAGE RESILIENCE

Related Elements:

+ BEHAVOIR MITIGATION

+ PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT

+ DAMAGE RESILIENCE

+ BEHAVOIR MITIGATION

Structure: Attractive to protestors, hardly accessed Structure: Attractive to protestors, easily accessed Structure: Not attractive to protestors, easily accessed Convenience Facility: Public restrooms; Food and drink

I. Oxford Circus

II. Trafalgar Square

Protest Potential 1 2 3 4 5

Protest Routes & Places in History I. Oxford Circus

II. Trafalgar Square

Traffic Complexity

--

-

+ ++

Design Potential 1 2 3 4 5 Historic Value

+ ++ +

Flow of People

--

-

+ ++

Site Scale

+ ++ +

Distance to Police

--

-

+ ++

Development

+ ++ +

Related Elements

--

-

+ ++

Parliament Square History

III. Parliament Square

Protest Potential 1 2 3 4 5 Traffic Complexity

--

-

+ ++

Design Potential 1 2 3 4 5 Historic Value

+ ++ +

Protest Potential 1 2 3 4 5 Traffic Complexity

-- -

+ ++

Design Potential 1 2 3 4 5 Historic Value

+ ++ +

Flow of People

--

-

+ ++

Site Scale

+ ++ +

Flow of People

-

+ ++

Site Scale

+ ++ +

Distance to Police

--

-

+ ++

Development

+ ++ +

Distance to Police

-- -

+ ++

Development

+ ++ +

Related Elements

--

-

+ ++

Related Elements

-- -

+ ++

--

Daily Scene from View 2

Water Collection & Reuse System

+ BEHAVOIR MITIGATION

+ FLOOD RESILIENCE

+ ATTRACTIVENESS TO VISITORS

Parliament Square Nearby Condition

III. Parliament Square

Permeable

Surface

1804

Daily Scene from View 1 nd Water

+ ATTRACTIVENESS TO VISITORS

Undergrou

Collection

Container

Mist Emitters

1868 Pump

Rain and flood water can be absorbed from the pemeable surface, or will be run along the slope on the west part of square, and then collected by the underground water collection container. Before collected, water will be filtered and cleaned going through the filtration equipment. Then the cleaned water will either be discharged to underground or reused to produce mist emitters on site.

1950

Shuyu Yin

University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE RESILIENT SYSTEM

A LANDSCAPE APPROACH TO REVIVE POST-INDUSTRIAL WATERFRONTS

Chongqing is a city born of water. However, with the interference of water-level-fluctuating zoneand the reduction of waterfront space brought by urban expansion, Chongqing waterfront space is facing a series of serious problems of ecological fragility, cultural disappearance and reduction of activity.Based on a series of resilient design strategies, we aim to build up a flexible, dynamic, and sustainable space that not only solve the flooding and vacancy problems but also provide an open public space for the whole city to memorize the history and be aware of the unique environment that we should cherish. Two features of the site we selected are the abandoned industrial structures and the water-level-fluctuating zone. Therefore, a resilient system that deals with all the issues and meets the requirement is essential to the projects. We conclude the strategies in those five main aspects: land restoration as soil resilience, stormwater management as water resilience, functional planting as planting resilience, flexible programs as program resilience, and sustainability and transitionality as cultural resilience.

Lingjia Zhao, Lingjia Zhao, Xuanang Li, Xi Wu Chongqing University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REBIRTH OF GREENWAY

Through the construction of open space, green corridor connectivity and historical relics protection three technical routes, building a green corridor as one of the Beijing city green system part, forming a coherent green system for the surrounding residents and tourists to provide more convenient transportation and ecological landscape. At the same time, enhance the openness and landscape effects of Beijing Zoo and Zizhuyuan park. Blue-green complex will have different nature and function of the architectural space and city space form, with the introduction of urban public space is organized, according to certain value relations, formed by the unified planning, unified development management comprehensive building or buildings. Green synthesis in a more positive attitude to deal with major urban green space, will be open as a whole, integrated into the city and the surrounding features, in order to effectively solve the large green space of the contradiction between the visual image and function to play. Blue green complex represents the urban green space from passive control to emphasize the comprehensive diversified development for ecological concept of change from a single green concepts to the transition of the urban function system thinking, is a major urban green space development model of optional.

Xi Yi, Yanda Li, YaoZhao Beijing Foresty University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

Back to Future

BACK TO FUTURE

Ecology-agriculture-art Mutualism

ECOLOGY-AGRICULTURE-ART MUTUALISM

1 Back to Future

LOCATION

Habitat reconstruction in Xucuogang Wetland

51%

17%

Winter Visitor

Serving as one of the eight flyways stretching across the Northern and Southern hemisphere, cities at the coastal area on the East Asian-Australasian Flyway (EAAF) have thrived under the development of industries and construction. However, population of migratory birds on the EAAF have decreased dramatically. Xucuogang wetland is located on the EAAF, serving as a stopover. Faced with urbanization and pollution, the abundance of habitats that has attracted millions of migratory birds throughout the past have destroyed and loss.

4%

Transient Visitor

Summer Visitor

Harbor

Wetland

Farming

Fishery

Industry

Fishpond DEC

FEB

Constructed wetland

--

1950

--

1980

Clean water

Artificial Floating Island Reuse

2010

70 individuals

10 individuals

4000-5000 individuals

1000 individuals

Farming & Fishery

Mangrove thinning

Wetland landification

Industry

Farmland decline

Eco-fish farm

Porous eco-bank

A

Algae reef Porous eco-environment

Xinjie River

Bicycle parking

Uncultivated Land Reuse

Water-screened farmland hib. in winter

Fishpond resting

Rice and fish harvest in autumn

site

Agriculture

Ecological pool

Porous concept transition 1

Laojie River

IBA

Rice-fish Agriculture

Underground parking lot entrance

Environmental education center

Coastal forest

Laojie River

IBA

Education

Agricultural mosaic landscape

Education spot

site Tourism

Art

Riverside grassland

Education spot

2

nstructed Co nd system ela w

Naihei s ment tle et

Xinjie Riverr

Laojie River

1st class of protected species

General species

Egretta eulophotes Lanius cristatus

Ardea alba Charadrius alexandrinus

Entrance

Calidris alpina Pluvialis dominica fulva

15

il

B

Kandelia Bolboschoenus Sporobolus virginicus obovata planiculmis

Brachiaria mutica

Bushes

River-end

Salt water

Portulaca oleracea

Cyperus rotundus

Sea-end

Freshwater

er nt

A

Paddy Field

Upland Field

Area of foraging at high tide

Area of foraging at high tide

Fishpond

Perching area

Coastal Shelter Forest

Foraging area

Wetland

Main activity area

Algae Reef

Place of perching at high tide

Floating island

d lan et w

400 m

60m

B1: Underwater fish farm ecology observation area

A’

2

1F: Bird-watching area

Nesting material area

Section A-A’

Raining

Natural light

Birds’flyway

Gentle slope prevents earth sliding

Sea breeze

Natural aeration

A’

A

Function Industrial learning area

Coastal forest

Ecological pool

1F: Bird-watching area B1: Fish farm underwater ecology observation area

Environmental education center

Fish farm

A’

Activity range A

Xucuogang Wetland

-w ird at

ing tra ch

200

Cor e

ucation ce ed

En v

cape area ds an

100

A’

Foraging area

Vanellus vanellus

Bird habitats Agriculture l

30

10 m

Bird-watching area

Motacilla tschutschensis Anthus richardi

nmental iro

Ecology educational center

2

1m 0m

0

Natural light

Industrial educational center

Falco peregrinus

2nd & 3rd class of protected species

Entrance of environmental education center

6m 5m 4m 3m 2m

Habitat design

Gravel beach

MASTER PLAN

1

Environmental education center

Coastal forest Riverside grassland Ecological pool Driftwood

Algae reef Inshore grassland

Xinjie River

Mosaic landscape

0

Agriculture blending seamlessly with nature ultimately benefits the survival of migratory avian population while maintaining a selfsustainable environment in the near future.

To core wetland 800m To bird-watching trail 150m

Fishpond

Bird-watching trail on the eco-bank

Nesting material learning area

Entrance plaza

Xinjie River Farmland

Environmental education center

This study embraces wisdoms of the past to blend nature harmoniously with modern production of agriculture and fishing industries with a clear emphasis on avian preservation. To achieve this, a series of steps is implemented. First, revitalization of abandoned farmlands to develop a farming schedule in accordance with seasons of mother nature. Second, utilization of seasonal changes to sculpt locally unique landscapes. Last but not least, operation of self-sustainable environmental industries and educate future generations the importance and beauty of Xucuogang.

Industrial learning area

Underground corridor

Avian-attracting plants learning garden

Eco-bank

Growth in summer

Water purification system

Transplanting of rice shoots in spring

Water retention & mangrove thinning

Fishpond

Eco-fish farm

Fishpond connect with paddy field by fishway

Water-screened farmland hibernation

Education spot in the field

Agricultural mosaic landscape

JUN

Water-screened farmland hib.

site

Create Diverse Habitats

MAY

JUL

Wetland Purification System

Multi-storied forest

Fishway

4-15%

Design concept

Laojie River

IBA

Coastal forest

ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION CENTER DESIGN

Tourism & Education

Mosaic landscape

Atificial floating island

STRATEGY

Bicycle path 6m

Rice production ↑

AUG

Fishpond

Algae Reef

Ecology

Wooden walkway 3m

Art

Resident

Constructed wetland

Laojie River Xucuogang Wetland

Xinjie River

Porous eco-bank

APR

Watermelon

Economy

Fishery

Site range IBA range Coastal forest Fishpond Paddy field Dune Algea reef Estuary Wetland Dry field

Trail section

Waste woods charring and soil improvement Transplanting of rice shoots and put fries in fishpond

After

Fish can fertilize reduce pest loosen soil

Cabbage SEP

Multi-storied forest as buffer

Birds: habitat diversity ↑ Humans: Variate landscape for education and tourism.

Migratory birds

Fish-rice Fishway system connecttion

800 m

200 400

0

Industrial Zone

Before

Fishes back to fishpond

Charring Soil improvement Paddy field

Transportation development

Multi-storied forest

Water & land pollution

Water retention

Succession Give up cultivation Disappearance into dry land Warehouse occupancy

The trail is on the eco-bank, using plants to reduce the impact on birds.

Mangrove thinning

Fish-rice system

Mature rice paddies become dry

Agriculture

Wetland restoration

PROBLEMS

Serving as one of the eight flyways stretching across the Northern and Southern hemisphere, cities at the coastal area on the East Asian-Australasian Flyway (EAAF) have thrived under the development of industries and construction. However, EAAF migratory bird population have decreased dramatically. The site, located on the EAAF, serves as a stopover. Urbanization and pollution have destroyed the rich variety of habitats that attracted millions of migratory birds in the past.

Waste woods

Daikon

Broccoli

Coastal bird-watching trail

The agricultural landscape change with the usage of crops and depth of fishpond forms a dynamic mosaic pattern.

Sweet Rice potato

Leave other immature fishes in the pond Rice and fish harvest OCT

Agricultural landscape area

MAR

Foraging area of birds

Ecology

New habitat

Paddy field

Water-screened farmland hibernation

NOV

Water pollution Before 1900

Dry field

Rape flowers

per year

Aerotropolis

SOLUTION

Ecology

Habitat reconstruction in Xucuogang Wetland

JAN

250 speicies visit

HISTORY

2

Ecology-agriculture-art Mutualism

DYNAMIC MANAGEMENT

Xucuogang Wetland

Taiwan

EAAF

Paspalum distichum

Ipomoea Vitex pes-caprae rotundifolia

Pandanus Heliotropium tectorius foertherianum

Forest Casuarina equisetifolia

Perching range

Farm waste land

Alternanthera philoxeroides

Pluchea sagittalis

Eleusine indica

Fallow ground

Aeschynomene Crotalaria juncea indica

Cyperus distans

Jo-Hsuan Pu

National Taiwan University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

MISCONCEPTION AND REBIRTH OF EUCALYPTUS This design depicts a more resilient evolution of eucalyptus plantations and provides a design idea for other regions facing similar threats. The eucalyptus, the contradiction that brings people money and worries, has finally attracted attention in China after decades of development.As a response to a series of ecological, economic and social issues that monoculture of eucalyptus may cause, we envisage that the use of soil restoration techniques, ecological planting techniques, and appropriate policy controls will allow monoculture-plantations to evolve toward a resilient, dynamically evolving system. Fragments and debris of trees are reused to help newly sprouted plants maintain fertility and provide important organic material for degraded soil. A variety of arbors, shrubs and herbs will be introduced to increase diversity of species. Livestock husbandry cooperates with the planting industry to form a circular ecology with complementary advantages. The local government issues corresponding control measures to ensure that the interests of local farmers are not lost, and promote the Eucalyptus forest reconstruction project. These measures will enhance the resilience of the entire eucalyptus forest on the basis of ensuring economic profit. The project is developing towards a resilient, dynamically evolving system that satisfies the mission of eucalyptus plantations. It is to understand eucalyptus forests as a collection of ecological, economic and social factors rather than a simple collection of trees.Eucalypt forests respond and restore stability quickly in the face of changes in theeconomic environment or changes in the ecological conditions, and eventually become a system that has long-term high resilience in the face of any change.

Xiaohui Liao, Qiao Ying, Ju Yang

Northeast Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE FETAL MOVEMENT OF THE EARTH EARTHQUAKE-RESISTANT LANDSCAPE CONSTRUCTION IN CHEFCHAOUEN, MOROCCO

We named our work “The fetal movement of the Earth”, inspired by the idea of resilience to earthquakes. Our main design is around a beautiful blue town Chefchaouen, which would possibly be hit by earthquakes. In our work, we designed the artificial seismic zone and natural buffer zone in aboveground part, while the triangle network in underground part, hoping to protect this beautiful paradise on the earth. Background:Chefchaouen is a city located in northwest Morocco, which is close to the important northern cities of Morocco, Tangier and Tetouan. Chefchaouen is surrounded by mountains with the advantage of the pleasant natural scenery. It’s an earthquake-prone area because its location is on the Mediterranean seismic zone. Feature: We associate landscape design with multidisciplinary fields such as physics and materials science, which is a good expression of the resilient landscape theme of “change due to earthquakes”. We adopted modern techniques such as damper and magnetic levitation system for energy reduction. Besides, we used polystyrene and flame retardants as materials for seismic landscapes. While paying attention to earthquake resistance, we also hope that we can embody humane care and the spirit of place, allowing this small city full of historical culture but with poor infrastructure to be permanently protected as a pure land of the earth. Innovation: We designed the landscape about before earthquakes, during earthquakes and after earthquakes in order to adapt to different changes. We analyze the seismic system and its energy reduction accurately to ensure its implementability.

Jialing He, Yin Gao, Lu Tan, Xin Tan, Jicheng Ma Southwest University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

FLUID WISDOM

RESILIENT ECOLOGICAL NETWORK FOR SHALLOW MOUNTAIN ZONE

The earth is facing various types of soil erosion, causing ecological damage and lack of elasticity. Due to steep terrain, poor soil, sparse vegetation, endless quarrying and other improper human activities, coupled with uneven spatial and temporal distribution of rainfall and transient fluidity, there are severe challenges of soil erosion, environmental safety crisis, and ecological fragmentation in the shallow mountain area of Taihang Mountains. This project takes Shijiazhuang Luquan mountain area as an example to explore the design of resilient restoration. The strong surface runoff in the rainy season is the direct cause of this phenomenon in this region. After analyzing the law of soil erosion, a series of basic points were selected from the main scour routes to construct ecological patches. Both the construction of the patch and the formation of the corridors utilize the dual resources of rainwater runoff, and finally we build a pre-shank elastic ecological network in which water and soil stability, self-regulation, self-adaptation, and biodiversity have all been improved. In the early stage of construction, human intervention is the main means to guide natural forces. As time progressing, nature gradually becomes the main force for the evolution of ecological networks. In the process of evolving towards the advanced network, it gradually exports to the outside world and benefits the surrounding areas, driving the improvement of the ecology, economy, landscape-quality, and peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s lives. An elastic and sustainable ecological network has thus formed and developed.

Renjie Liu, Min Li, Jingyu Jin, Songyang Li Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

RECALLING THE BEAUTY OF THE TERRACES

A NEW AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION FOR FUTURE The Industrial Revolution changed the climate and lifestyle of human race. Extreme climate changes affect Taiwanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s island-type climate; strong rainfalls cause significant damage to life and property, while rural area, having the ability to regulate rain floods, are faced with issues such as aging population and abandoned farms. In the planning, Bai Shih Lake Village, located in the upstream of the Dagou Creek, was once a village surrounded by terraced fields, now faced with aging crisis; Neihu downtown area, located downstream, is overwhelmed by floods over the years. Therefore, to find a new solution for human and nature to live together, we plan the rural area as an organic Detention System based on Disaster Risk Reduction and re-establish the texture of the terraced fields in the past. The improvement of agricultural environment and the recovery of rural values not only benefits tourism and education in the short term, but also passes on agricultural wisdom about living together with nature in the long term, attracting people to go back to rural area. To execute the planning, we propose 7 application models to reach the goal, including Terraces form Agri-detention Basin, Senior Farm, Nostalgic Rice Fieldâ&#x20AC;Śetc, with the attempt to establish a resilient landscape which focuses on sustainable agricultural environment.

NO CHANG

National Taiwan University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

BETWEEN UPS AND DOWNS

DESIGN FOR RESIDENTS OF TONLE SAP LAKE

The base is located at the junction of Siem Reap and Tonle Sap Lake in Siem Reap, Cambodia, along the estuary of the Siem Reap River to the shore of Tonle Sap. Tonle Sap is the largest lake in Southeast Asia, and the natural reservoir of the Mekong. In recent years, due to the rapid growth of the floating village population, the ecological environment of the Tonle Sap Lake has begun to deteriorate, water storage capacity has decreased, fish resources have declined, and species around the lake have also rapidly decreased. At the same time as the economic development is relatively backward, 50% of the residents of Tonle Sap live below the poverty line. The solution is to use a local water-resistant material to design a 3*3*3m framework that can be combined into different use spaces according to the needs and provide different ways for people to use between ups and downs. The core of the project is to resolve the 13m water level difference along the coast, develop the tourism industry to increase the residentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; income at the same time, form a benign ecological cycle and economic cycle.

Huang Wenwen, Li Jiaxin Zhengzhou University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

A Balanced Developmental City “A Balanced Developmental City” is an attempt to solve the ecological, social and economic issues of the Resilient landscape infrastructure in the context of rapid urbanization. By analyzing the process of global urbanization, we select Delhi, the capital city of India, as the representative to try to solve the pollution of the Yamuna Rive brought about by rapid urbanization, the disparity between the rich and the poor and the infrastructure caused by the unbalanced development of New Delhi and Old Delhi. This will create a resilient city and demonstrate the potential of landscape infrastructure to solve ecological, social, and economic problems. The program proposes a theoretical framework of resilient landscape infrastructure, which is based on “module, network and dimension”. Through carrying out ecological restoration of rivers at different stages, building flexible neighborhoods, and creating different types of agricultural development models adapting to the development of New Delhi and Old Delhi, we reconstruct the module composition of the landscape infrastructure in Delhi. These modules interact spatially forming the elastic landscape infrastructure network, which places greater emphasis on functional connections, while at the same time they implement specific elastic requirements through the superposition of functions. Finally, through the space of landscape infrastructure, it provides a platform for all dimensions, which facilitates the coordinated development of complex ecological, social and economic issues.

Yu Chen, Yiding Xu, Xiangxi Xu, Hang Lu, Mengyuan Zhang Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

DRIFTING FERTILE LAND

The site of the project is Tonle Sap Lake in Cambodia which is the largest freshwater lake in the southeast Asia and the highest provided to a nation by a single ecosystem around the world. Mekong River and the lake have a natural resilience relationship. During the dry season, the lake supplies the Mekong River and the opposite in rainy season. Due to the construction of the upstream hydropower station on Mekong River, the water flow status changed, resulting in the local sediment deposition in the Tonle Sap Lake. The overall sediment nutrient content is also reduced, which leads to the obstruction of fish migration and flood plain. Tonle Sap also has nurtured Vietnamese refugees who could not land for generations. Those refugees and Cambodian residents directly dump domestic garbage in Tonle Sap Lake, resulting in serious eutrophication of the lake. The fish resources have fallen sharply and the ecosystem is in a vicious cycle. Our design uses sediment as an entry point and utilizes the cyclic characteristics of seasonal water flow to design ecological modules that can be used to collect and utilize sediment while drifting along the water stream. Through the selection of plants, it can form habitats while purifying water quality. And the water flow seasonally to the settlements and refugee points, bring them industry energy and crops. Hope that the intervention of landscape can ease the tension between man and nature, and drive the surrounding cities sustainable.

Bingxin Wu, Fan Yang, Yi Huang, Mengdie Zhang, Xintong Ye Chongqing University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

AMPHIBIOUS LIFE

Located at the entrance of the Nanjing section of the Yangtze River, San Shan is a monument with a long history. Problems: The illegal sand extraction causes following problems:(1) Simplification of the industry(2) Difficulty of government taxation (3) The health of workers and the lives of the local residents are affected (4) Sanshan historical sites are gradually destroyed (5) Flood, drowning and other security risks. (6) The ecological environment has been severely damaged Main Features: In view of this, the government gets to the root of the problem and decides to close the factories, but this move will put the workers out of work and affect social stability. To address this issue, we consider the ecological, cultural, and social aspects comprehensively. Therefore, we propose a diversified solution to give the site more functions, so that it can adapt to the changes in urbanization and the natural environment. Specifically, we redesign the site, which will hopefully restore the ecological environment of the site and revive its culture and function. Innovation Points: 1. Establish a levee. While blocking floods, it can also use floodwater to provide assistance for the periodical ecological restoration of the site, which reflects the flexibility of the site to deal with natural disasters. 2.Establish ecological fish ponds. This measure can help solve the employment problems of workers, as well as gradually improve the fragmented ecological environment caused by excessive sand extraction.

Xing Tian, Li Jinge, Deng Yaxin, Li Yanni, Zhang Wenying Nanjing Forest University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

WAITING FOR FLOOD ADAPTIVE RURAL COMMUNITY DESIGN IN QINGSHUI RIVER BASIN,GUIZHOU

The number of mountainous cities and towns in China accounts for more than half of the total number of towns in the country as a basic unit for responding to multiple disasters, the villages are located in the rural areas of the mountainous waterfront where floods occur frequently. How can we turn crisis into opportunities and achieve sustainable development? The competition selected the villages in the middle and lower reaches of the Qingshui River Basin in Guizhou Province with frequent flood problems, complex topography, and natural habitat sensitivity. The theme was “WAITING FOR FLOOD-Adaptive Rural Community Design in Qingshui River Basin,Guizhou”. From the idea of from ‘face’ to ‘line’ to ‘point’, a floating settlement system in line with the Qingshui River Basin was constructed to form a settlement linkage system that responded to flood disasters. By means of floating measures, the negative impact of floods will be weakened and transformed into a characteristic living landscape that co-exists with the flood. The floating construction, agricultural and production modules of the Miao Village will be realized, which will in turn drive the local economic development. The traditional rural settlement will be transformed from resisting floods to utilizing floods, eventually forming a flood-compatible rural settlement with traditional Miao characteristics, and promoting the overall development of resilient settlements in mountainous areas in China.

Qin Qi, Yuan Ye, Wen Jing, Han Yujia, Liu Bingxi Northeast Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

GROWING SHALLOWS THE ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION PROJECT OF SAND MINING AREA IN MEKONG DELTA, VIETNAM

The site named Trà Vinh is located in Trà Vinh province , Vietnam .This city is next to the Mekong River in Mekong delta .The city is densely covered with rivers and paddy fields. The continuous expansion of the city has increased the demand for river sand. The city erected, but people who live near the river lost their home . This bad phenomenon is being staged in Trà Vinh. Sand mining creates a lot of sandpits to the rivers. These sandpits affect the life of the local residents, causing the collapse of houses and the destruction of rice fields nearby the riverbank. Sand mining also pollutes rivers, erodes riverbeds and kills river fish and plants. In order to solve the above problems, we propose the following conceptual solutions. Destruction of water flow rate in rivers using construction waste. Then, the sandpits form biological habitats. A series of degradable irregular shaped dams are designed around the sandpits near the banks to intercept sediments in the river and accumulate over time to form shallows. Shallows can restore mangrove wetlands. We suggest planting high-value mangroves to replace traditional mangroves. Reshaping the river bank ecological balance. As the river bottom and bank environment will been improved, the residents’ income sources have changed from the original sand mining, breeding and planting to the tourism economy, planting high-value economic species, and breeding. Residents’ livelihood will be moving in a more ecological direction.

Shiwen Shao, Qian Wang, Luwei Zhang, Yifei Jia, Ziyi Gong Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

EYE OF THE STORM

A RESILIENT SCHEME TO DEAL WITH THE EROSION AND FLOODING SITUATION IN WEST BENGAL STATE OF INDI

The site is located in the south of West Bengal State of India and is the westernmost point of the Ganges Delta. West Bengal is a religious resort with very high population density where its core area Sagar island is a famous Hindu pilgrimage center. And there are pilgrimages on the coast every year. However, due to climate change and agricultural development, sea level rises and mangroves are destroyed, islands and coasts are at risk of being eroded. There is an inevitable contradiction between the land area reduction and population growth. Recently, storms occur in the coastal areas more and more frequently, which have caused huge economic losses especially in these years. We planned to build the dunes and rebuilt the mangroves as the first line of defense for the protection of the coast. At the same time integrated into aquaculture to increase economic. On this basis, the raised walkway was established to connect village and beach, and to reduce the intervention of coastal vegetation. In addition, buildings in vulnerable areas are elevated to protect residents. To deal with more destructive disasters, we have planned the safe areas in towns and biological migration habitats along the coast. Under these resilient landscape strategies, we believe that this region will become a place where developing with ecology, religious culture and economic, and humans live in harmony with nature in a century.

Lingli Xu, Jiayi Li, Qian Lou, Shuyu Liang, Jinyu Sun Beijing Forestry Universit


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ILLUMINATION OF THE LONE

The rapid development of cities has brought many conveniences to the urban residents,but it also comes a series of negative effects brought by urbanization, especially the psychological problems of urban residents. Trough the study of urban development process,we found that the psychological diseases brought by urbanization are closely related to the loneliness of urban residents. Issues to be addressed: Urban loneliness,as a global problem spread with urbanization,will be the focus of our research and the problem to be solved. We analyzed the causes of the city’s loneliness, and put forward a set of urban lonely healing solutions for cities in different stages of the world. Main features:This project takes the user’s spontaneous activities as motive force, and the user can organize and build the required space spontaneously.Moreover, through the implantation of visual, auditory, taste, touch, and sense of smell, the human senses can be stimulated to realize human interaction so as to reduce city’s loneliness. Innovations: Based on the needs of residents, urban public areas of different cities can be formed spontaneously through urban residents’ activities. Urban psychological healing means based on sensory stimulation.

Haoke Mu, Hui Niu, Ze Yu, Yang Kong, Liting Ma

Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

EARTH VACCINATION A PREPOSED STRATEGY TO CREATE THE RESILIENT MINING LANDSCAPE OF TONGLUO MOUNTAIN

The distribution of mineral resources in the world is wide, and the consumption of mineral resources is closely related to the social and economic indicators. Therefore, the demand and the trend of mining is inevitable. However, the mining methods have brought great damage to the environment, such as water, air, solid waste and soil pollution, and geological disasters. And a lot of money for repairing. We chose to conduct a comparative study at the Tongluo Mine. The site is divided into two parts. Site A began its mining activities in the 1980s had experienced severe ecological damage. A large number of farmers and miners lost their jobs, and a lot of money had been invested. Same with Site A, Site B, the site of this design, which is rich in mineral resources, also facing a new round of mining. In order to avoid the tragedy from happening again, the new ecological mining strategy cannot be delayed. Different from traditional mine rehabilitation projects, the core idea of this project is not to repair, but to prepose ecological strategies. Involves putting ecological valves on this site, building a natural and industrial resilient foundation. In this way to respond to a series of ecological problems and social problems that come with it when mining activities are carried out better. We hope can provide reference values for many other regions that are waiting to be mined, and adopt a new way to deal with the harm caused by inevitably mining at the present stage.

Kecheng Li, Xuepiao Huan, Mengxue Lan, Xiaoxiao Zhang, Haoxiang Ma Chongqing University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

LIVE WITH SUNDARBANS EXPLORING A EXEMPLARY MODEL OF COMMUNITY CO-MANAGEMENT IN THE MANGROVE-AFFECTED AREA

The world heritage site, sundarbans, is the worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s most famous wetland, with the largest mangrove forest in the world. It is located in the Ganges delta, with a total area of 140000 hectares, with 260 species of animals and 334 plants live inside. However, as the sea level rises and storms become more intense, people here face severe poverty and the threat of flooding. People are displaced and their livelihoods are severely affected. This design is to explore a reproducible model adaptation model to mitigate and adapt to the existing problems in the sundarbens area, where the mangrove ecosystem is threatened, the harvest is reduced and the residence is located on the site of the risk margin. This model proposes different strategies for the improvement of ecological restoration, substitute livelihood and tourism supporting facilities in Sundarbans. The three strategies include mangrove ecological restoration, embankment ecological restoration and terrestrial forest ecological restoration; Alternative livelihood strategies based on Marine agriculture, fisheries, mangrove seedlings planted in dryland mangroves and mangrove byproducts processing; And a strategy to improve the travel infrastructure of housing, business, and entertainment. In the future, the site of this model adaptive model can be used for the well-being of the residents who rely on mangrove forests to survive and are at risk, so that people and mangroves can be protected from disasters and coexist in a harmonious coexistence between ecology and livelihood.

Lei Nie, Junming Feng, Yanan Wu, Zhaodi Chen, Xin We Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

BREAK THE BOUNDARY SYMBIOSIS BETWEEN USERS AND PARK

With the construction of urbanization, the migrant workers entered the tree village park. Then, there was an area in this park which forms a boundary, isolated workers from other residents. The poor living environment of migrant workers obstructs the mobility of the park, which aggravates the environmental pollution and social instability. Considering migrant workers finally leave the park with policy-driven (as it’s not permitted to build houses in the park), and the principal contradiction may change over time, so we design an resilient mechanism which will lead to the coexist between the two ethnic groups and symbiosis with the park: the container house will be endowed with more public activities as the migrant workers leave this park as time goes on, and finally become a core bond connecting the north and the south area. Community farm, viewing platform and shared space change the original abandoned site into the space which could promote dialogue and accelerate different ethnic groups to know each other. At the same time, the cooperation mechanism between them provides vitality for the resilient renewal of park’s ecological cycle and social functions. Our project title is “Break the boundary Symbiosis between users and park”, and this landscape is aim at promoting symbiosis between users and park, including the adaptive activities and ecological measure design with time process.

Xiao Zhang, Chijen Li, Bosheng Wang, Yao Meng Peking University, Renmin University of China


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REDEFINE SAIGON RIVER BANK

While we were doing this design, we focused on a new landscape type of inhabitable landscape. The site is located on the riverbank of Ho Chi Minh City. Under the condition that HCMC is located on a flood plain, there are some places that are perfect for human living, while other places are not, where there has very severe flooding issue. Also because Vietnam is one of the Global-south countries, their government doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have enough money for equal development in the city, many of the poor groups turned out to have to live in the urban fringe area. The poor groups become the people who directly be influenced when the flood occurs in the city. To reduce the vicious circle caused by this gap between rich and poor, we choose to use the advantage of local living environment to improve the water condition and peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s life. In our detail design, we created an island system at the junction of mainstream and tributaries to detain the flood. The second point, we created a commercial district to reserve local characteristics, a series of platforms to reorient the stream of people and an optimized drainage system to reduce and utilize the flood. The third point, we created an urban farm to provide survival possibility, and new floating houses to respond to the rising water levels, thus, we came up with a landscape mode to magnify the regional characteristics and negotiate the flood at the same time.

Nan Chen, Cheng Xie

National University of Singapore, Huazhong Agricultural University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

GREATEST COMMON DIVISOR TO MEET THE GREATEST PUBLIC NEEDS OF PEOPLE AND WETLANDS

The urbanization has a negative impact on the wetland ecology. In order to protect the wetland, the government has restricted the development of the industry around the wetland, and the balance between people and wetland is destroyed. Finally the traditional Waterland of the south of the Yangtze River is no longer existed. The above situation highlights the different development needs of human beings and wetlands. Human beings have the need of industrial development., and wetland has the need to maintain ecological balance. That is the contradiction that we need to solve. In this wetland, the designers changed the properties of the fish ponds around the wetland, hoping to improve the traditional freshwater aquaculture and agriculture through the treatment of the tail water and the dredging of the silt, so that it would not become a source of pollution in the wetland, but a part of the wetland ecological purification. To meet the needs of wetland and human development to the greatest extent, improve the restoration ability of wetland and realize the development of the greatest common divisor.

Liu Weiwe, Huang Yaqiong, Kang Zihang, Hong Feng, Ni Miao Hainan University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

RABBIT EARRING PROJECT

The West Sea mudflats, one of the world’s top five mudflats. In particular, the western sea mudflats are located at the entrance to the ocean’s currents. Therefore, it is responsible for water quality management for the global environment. However, the western sea mudflats have been constantly destroyed in history. Various environmental problems arising from this are damaging both the ecosystem and humans. Therefore, we are planning to create a space for human use by utilizing reclaimed land that is being discarded. At the same time, he planned the project in an attempt to bring the dead land back to the mudflats ecosystem and create a symbiosis with nature. We’re going to do this as a strategy to restore the mudflats. First thing is to cut down the abandoned farmland to make it easier for the deposition. Second, By installing a deck on a soft surface, it creates an environment that is easily deposited in the lower space. Third, An artificial island is built around a pillar, creating an easy environment for deposition. So this strategy is what we’re going to do. Step one, every single patch of agricultural land that we’ve led to restore is restored to the mudflats. Step two, It will be spread to the surrounding agricultural land in harmony and is restored. And the last step is to lead the restoration into the broad mudflats gradually. We plan to create a space where humans and nature can coexist through this project.

JeongHoon Ahn, KyoungEun Maeng, hyeonJin Yu Hankyoung National University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

CUTTING & FILLING

With the growing industrialization and the transformation of economic structure, more and more factories have appeared in China and there are also some problems caused by illegal production and emissions. Seepage pit is an obvious one of them, which are formed by digging pits and spilling toxic chemicals randomly and result in soil and groundwater pollution and high prevalence of local residents. We picked up a representative seepage pit which is located in Tong Jiazhuang Village, Jinghai District, Tianjin. It is close to provincial highway and elevated high-speed rail lines. We developed a strategy of “cutting& filling” aimed at this problem. The firststep is to restore the polluted water through digging some new pits to collect the waste water pumped out from the seepage pits and using chemicalbiological method to improve the quality of water. At the same time, we set out to treat the sediment and polluted soil through chemical methods, Ex-Situ Thermal Desorption and Soil Barrier and Landfill, which are effective to heavily polluted soil, and Aeration Treatment, which is more suitable for less polluted soil. After stacking and deposition of soil, we used this soil to build earthworks and grew some plants with strong adaptability on it to attract more and more wild animals and to speed up the process of ecological restoration. We developed fishponds, wetland, earthworks, urban agriculture, and agricultural education and water purification base in this site. We developed fishing and agriculture industry firstly. With the restoration and beautification of this site, the service and tourism industry can be promoted. Through soil and water treatment, the biggest threat to local people’s health is eliminated, meanwhile, the water purification base, farmland and earthwork can become educational and tourist spots, bringing new paradigm to local people and greater social value to the government.

Han Ruodong, Li Yijing, Ren Peipei, Wang Ziqing Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ONWARD OASIS

The area of the Aral Sea has declined by more than 90% (more than 60,000 square kilometers) in the 50 years, while the Amu Darya River, which is used to the main water resources of the Aral Sea, has been stored and separated by the countries on the way. Meanwhile, salinization and sandification in the surrounding area of the Aral Sea has been increasingly severe and suffer from salt and sandstorms, because of the excessive excavation of channels and giant water infrastructure to develop the cotton economy. The towns perspective for the agriculture now is forgotten. The area of the Alial Delta in Uzbekistan in the southern part of the Aral Sea has become the last natural buff between the Amu River and the Aral Sea. We try to use Aliaul as a starting point through transforming the traditional channel framework as a dynamic water network according to the rainy and dry season. we recombine traditional wisdom agricultural methods to improve water and salt balance, soil quality and adjust industrial models as an opportunity to revive Aliaul oasis and replenish ecological Water, to the Aral Sea. Hopefully, the Aliaul transformation framework can be used as a model which can be applied to the upper reaches and bring new opportunities for the oasis, the Amu Darya, and the Aral Sea relying on the inefficient agricultural economy.

Onward Oasis

A dynamic landscape reviving with a new typology of sustainable water-based agriculture

Ni Yongwei, Huang Tingting, Liu Yang, Zhuang Hang, Han Shuting Beijing Forestry University,Columbia University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

NIGHT OF ULAANBAATAR

A FUTURE RESILIENT CITY ON THE FROZEN SOIL, BENEATH THE DUST, SURROUNDED BY YURTS This design is centered on the current situation of Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia, and its nature, culture and history. it is concluded that site status mainly in the “natural environment”, “air pollution”, “concentrated model” give priority to form a vicious cycle of the status quo, and put forward the solutions of “air”, “frozen soil”, “water “ as three solution. Air: we put forward “improved the original settlement mode”, “central heating”, “increase afforestation and landscape flexibility” three resolution strategy., to differentiate areas form a community group, group each contributed part of the land, build towers of central heating, central heating, increase the rate of burning coal, reduce waste emissions, waste heat supply center garden and the street trees to ensure plant growth, survival of plants, landscape further flexibility, forming a virtuous cycle. Permafrost: mainly to slow the permafrost melt and reduce the effects of frozen soil, we put forward “increase insulation layer”, “low impact strategy”, “increase of vegetation coverage”, “increase isolation belt” as four resolution strategy. Water: in order to relieve the water shortage in the dry period and purify the water quality, the two points of “water storage” and “water purification optimization biological chain” were proposed as the solution strategy. The river system is adopted to increase the capacity of water storage, improve the landscape of the river, plant a variety of plants, and optimize the original ecosystem.

Li Liang, Ge Yun, Zhang Xuan, Zhang Haoran, Shen Jinxi Southwest University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

GREEN BONDING NET A RESILIENCE SYSTEM TO DESERTIFICATION

PROJECT CONTEXT Desertification is one of the important socialeconomy-environment issues the current global human beings are facing with. Minqin County is located at the junction of Gansu Province and Tengger and the Jilin Desert. Surrounded on three sides by desert, Minqin suffers from serious desertification. Every year, shifting sand buries a large number of houses and continue to advance to the hinterland. MAJOR ISSUES At present, desertified land accounts for 94% of the total land area of Minqin County, and the desert is constantly eroding the village. We need to find a way to stop the flow of the quicksand, or Minqin will be swallowed by the desert. This project focus on the following iusses: the fixation of shifting sands the recovery of natural vegetationă&#x20AC; the establishment of public space. STRATEGY Wheat Grass Square(WGS) is proved to be the most effective mean of sand fixation. Biological Soil Crusts(BSC) is also used. WGS increases the roughness of the underlying surface, significantly reduces the underlying wind speed, and thus weakens the land loss. Using wheat straw as main material, WGS is cheap and of easy construction. BSC is a compound formed by microbacteria, fungi, algae, lichens, mosses and other herbaceous plants and their mycelium and secretions. These two methods can effectively stabilize sand and help to form soil.

Lixiao Yang, Weitai Shi, Yuzhuo Oâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Yang, Bei Chang Chongqing University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

RECONSTRUCT THE FUTURE

SYSTEMATIC STRATEGIES ON ANTI-SEASONAL WATER-LEVELFLUCTUATION IN THE THREE GORGES RESERVOIR The Three Gorges Dam in China has resulted in the formation of 348.93km2 drawdown zone in the reservoir area, including a remarkable water level change ranging from 145m in summer to 175m in winter.At the same time, it brought about problems such as the reduction of ecological habitats, inundation of cultivated land, and largescale immigration. Issues: Kaizhou city has the largest drawdown zone of 45km2 and is the most typical city in the reservoir with multiple issues. The contradiction between urban development and water-levelfluctuation is an urgent problem to be solved. However, a dam was built and changed the regional hydrological features. A natural river channel was intercepted into a lake with constant water level, separating the city from resilient natural systems. Such a blunt manual intervention failed to solve the existing dilemma, but brought about more problems such as flood threat, ecological barrier and habitat reduction. Features and innovations: From the perspective of resilient landscape, the timeline was set back to 2002, when the dam construction and migration had not begun. The dam is overthrown and resilient systems for different problems are redesigned and rebooted. Targeted strategies of soft revetment for new town, ecological dyke for old town, andâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;island-pond systemâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; are involved to achieve the goal of building a positive and harmonious relationship between people, city and water-level-fluctuation, enhancing the ecological, economic and cultural values of the region comprehensively .

Shenli Wang, Xueni Hu, Wenjing Liao, Danping Liu, Yu Cheng Chongqing University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

METAMORPHOSIS OF SHIFTING MOSAIC A RESILIENT LANDSCAPE DEVELOPMENT FOR MITIGATE LANDSLIDE VULNERABILITY

Sri Lanka, whether it is called as a paradise island, the country is facing frequent landslides which affect badly for human lives, infrastructure and national economy. It is recorded that mostly 20% of total land mass considered to be prone to landslides. Thousands of people are vulnerable for this disaster and lost so many lives but they are not given any long term solutions. This project addresses above issue in a macro scale landscape mosaic and it is treated by identified major and minor issues at â&#x20AC;&#x153;Haldummullaâ&#x20AC;? area which is located within middle peneplain of Sri Lanka. Scalable landscape architectural solutions are given through series of historical, geological, ecological and social analysis. For this, Negative (disaster prone node) and positive (safe node) landscape nodes which identified within macro sites. Strategic landscape architectural involvements are given to shift the settlement in a more stable, more resilient and more resist land. Soft landscape techniques as same as hard landscape methods were used to mitigate future disaster preparedness. Through proposed landscape architectural development to those nodes will, Stabilize and uplifted into more stable, resistance and resilient scapes mainly enhance the land by mosaic pattern agents (soft landscape).

A.D. Nlranjie Kaushalya De Silva

University of Moratuwa


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards GARDEN OF HORUS

01 02

RESTORING NATIVE GRASSLAND TO CREATE RELIABLE HABITATS FOR FRESH WATER BIRDS AND SEABIRDS IN WESTERN DESALINATION PLANT.

The long, slender, slightly curved bill feeds on Correas

Swift Parrot forages on nectar of flowering eucalypts Small Animals

Grasslands

1916

1920

1918

1922

1933

1955

1956

1958

1960

now

Micro organism

HISTORY

Soils

GARDEN OF HORUS

Nectar

UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

Seeds

future

‘‘The Darter’’ -Specializes in eating fish. -Australasian Gannet

Insects

Native Reeds

Tree Branches

Finches ( bills which are stout and conical ) forage on seeds

PROBLEMS

700 m

hills woodlands

lower fertility woodlands

plains woodlands

dry forests

plains grasslands

wetlands

600 m

Existing Condition

Wetlands

‘‘Tweezers beak’’- cracks in the bark of tree-trunks to find insects

Stable EVC

Storm Water

500 m

LANDFILL

Damaged EVCs

Unbalanced Ecology

Soil Pollution

400 m

Water Pollution

EXISTING EVC ZONES

WERRIBEE SUBURB

BIRD HABITATS

WATER RUN-OFF SURFACE

50 year flood level

300 m

During the 20th century the native grasslands of the Melbourne West drastically degraded and replaced due to the rapid growth and needs of housing; leading the loss of up to 70% of the plains grasslands area. This projects images introducing 80 hectares of Native Grasslands EVC in West Desalination Plant to restore natural habitat for local/aquatic birds and employ water surface filtration.

200 m

river bed level

100 m 0m 5 km

10 km

20 km

25 km

30 km

35 km

40 km

45 km

50 km

55 km

WATER RUN-OFF COLLECTION

Inspired by Morimura Ray Painting The ‘Unnatural’ illustration depicts the Utopia Habitats for local and aquatic Birds.

WEST WERRIBEE DESALINATION PLANT

+

During the 18th and 19th century the native grasslands of the Melbourne West drastically destroyed and replaced due to the rapid Agricultural growth (the intensive grazing by sheep); leading the loss of up to 70% and the overall diversity dismissed. This projects images introducing 60 hectares of Native Grasslands EVC and 20 hectares of wetlands in West Desalination Plant to restore natural habitat for local/aquatic birds and employ water surface filtration. The site is located conveniently 4 kilometres away from the second largest bird watching site in Australia. The project images the possibilities of hosting habitats for hundred thousands of birds including local freshwaters to migrating birds from Northern Hemispheres during summer. By achieving the restation of Plains Grassland EVC, the project recognises the rarity and significance of volcanic plain grassland as a rich seed resource. The project proposes that value is placed on restorative and regenerative functions over aesthetic outcomes - highlighting the biodiversity values of the site and its context. As the ‘High’ quality area are needed to patrol for grassy exotic weeds and intensive maintenance efforts are required for the ‘Medium’ areas. These processes ensure the long-term survival of all indigenous plant species and reintroduce of elements of the presumed original flora. As a result, the project not only revives the rich biodiversity of grasslands EVC but also provides the Utopia for birds and other wild animals.

15 km

+

Propose

The project proposes that value is placed on restorative and regenerative functions over aesthetic outcomes - highlighting the biodiversity values of the site and its context. As the ‘High’ quality area are needed to patrol for grassy exotic weeds and intensive maintenance efforts are required for the ‘Medium’ areas.

Promoting native Vegetation lead to healthier soils.

d Habitats

+ er Bird Wat

te Rou

+

Existing Condition Grassland

Plains Grasslands

Plains Woodlands

Canopy

Buffer

0 YRS

Wetlands

Develop strategic Ecological fire Regimes.

Riverine Grassy Woodlands

REGIONAL MAPPING OF WESTERN SUBURB GEOLOGY

MAPPING OF WESTERN MELBOURNE SUBURB BIRDS HABITATS

2 YRS Planting Prevent trampling and excessive grazing pressure at known Grassland sites.

3-4 YRS Establishment

Seasonal Condition

6-10 YRS Stable Condition

50 Yrs Drought Event

WERRIBEE RIVER

10-15 YRS Growth

ds bir Sea

ute Ro

100 Yrs Drought Event

25 YRS+

WESTERN TREATMENT PLANT

Shelter for small Birds-G01 (Prickly dense shrubs)

Nectar for honey-eaters-P02 (correas,epacris)

Shelter for big Birds-F03 (Tall trees, Eucalypts)

Insects hosts plants-T04 (Acacia,bursaria,correa)

Reliable Habitats These processes ensure the long-term survival of all indigenous plant species and reintroduce of elements of the presumed original flora. As a result, the project not only revives the rich biodiversity of grasslands EVC but also provides the Utopia for birds and other wild animals.

Wetlands for food source-W05

Werribee Recycled Water Plant STAGE 01

Drought Tolerant

Native Grass and Wild Flowers

Water Plants

0

Restored Plains Grasslands Park STAGE 03

Bird Sanctuary STAGE 04

0

500m

MAPPING OF THE BIRDS FLIGHTS PATH IN THE RELATION WITH WEST WERRIBEE DESALINATION PLANT

Buffer Zone STAGE 02

40m

10m 20m

60m

1km

WERRIBEE SUBURB

WEST WERRIBEE DESALINATION PLANT

P02

F03 T04

G01

W05

The site is located conveniently 4 kilometers away from the second largest bird watching site in Australia. The project images the possibilities of hosting habitats for hundred thousands of birds including local freshwaters to migrating birds from Northern Hemispheres during summer. By achieving the restoration of Plains Grassland EVC, the project recognises the rarity and significance of volcanic plain grassland as a rich seed resource.

Nhat Minh Nguyen RMIT University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

--

2018

MASTER PLAN

Capillary network characteristics Blood capillary

Erhai, located in the suburb of Dali, Yunnan,

Modern

Arteriole

Venule

is the second largest fresh water lake in Yunnan

province. Erhai, north of Eryuan, is about 42.58 kilometers long, with a maximum width of 9 kilo-

meters, and a lake area of 256.5 square kilom-

--

—— Ecological means to improve the water quality at the source of Erhai

CONCEPT INTRODUCTION

LOCATION

--------

----

---

POLLUTION

---

2015

--

----

GREENLAND

GDP

2013

2010

---------

2005

Holocene Third century Late Pleistocene

Focus Source

—— Ecological means to improve the water quality at the source of Erhai

HISTORY

-----

- ECOLOGICAL MEANS TO IMPROVE THE WATER QUALITY AT THE SOURCE OF ERHAI

Focus Source

---

FOCUS SOURCE

Strong permeability

Wide distribution

Thin pipe diameter

Probability distribution modelv of ball drop

0

Material exchange

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

The N flow of water flows from the

bility model, the water flow of each

said that it is called "Erhai" because it is shaped

section can be calculated.

Engel's Coefficient

The transparency of water bodies is decreasing,

1500m

A point,according to the above proba-

of the four landscapes of Dali, "Erhai month". It is like an ear.

500

ity model

The largest lake is 20 meters deep. Erhai is one

2016

N.L.Nemerow index

PROBLEMS

250

Water flow model-- based on Pascal triangle probabil-

(Pascal triangle probability model)

eters, with an average lake depth of 10 meters.

and the problem of water quality and waterpollution is becoming more and more serious Annual changes in underwater transparency

The project is located in Dali, Yunnan, China. The design scope includes the governance of Erhai and its source. Erhai is the second largest freshwater lake in Yunnan province. It is the mother river raising the people of Yunnan. It is also one of the important pillars of the tourism economy of Yunnan province. In recent years, Erhai is facing a crisis of life and death. The contradiction between eutrophication, water quality decline, water treatment and riverside villagers’ survival is an important issue that Erhai needs to solve. In order to solve these problems, through field survey and data collection, we put forward several improvement measures including ecology, technology and management to improve the water quality of Erhai Lake, and selected the channel of Luoshi River connecting Erhai Lake as the key design point. We regard river as the artery of human body, and creatively combine capillary, Pascal triangle theory and wetland system to form a multi-layer filtration system to improve the water quality of Erhai Lake.

Annual changes in N.L.Nemerow index

MASTER PLAN

STRATEGY

If a ball drops from the A point, the probability that it falls into each node will follow the following rule.

Capillary network characteristics

N

POLUTION SOURCE ANALYZE

0

According to the data, Erhai

500

2000m

includes three sources, the North

source has the largest contribution

sewage disposal work

ANALYSIS ON CURRENT SITUATION OF RIVER COURSE Green space model

Pollution analyze

A sewaget reatment plant is set up, and each sewage treatment plant deals with the domestic sewage of several villages.

pollution type Sanitary waste

to the water volume of Erhai, and has

Agricultural surface pollution

pollution.

Others

Poultry farming

the greatest impact on Erhai's water

present situation

stage 1

Industrial structure adjustment

Ecological farm

Flow trend

ENGINEERING TREATMENT MEASURES

stage 2

Artificial aeration

HEADSTREAM ANALYZE

Demolition of small farms and construction of ecological farms in public areas of villages should be managed by experts.

stage 3

Some engineering methods are used to deal with the polluted part of the river.It lays the foundation for the aftertreatment of the river.

River bottom silting

WATER TREATMENT CAPACITY OF DIFFERENT BLOCK & LANDSCAPE PLANNING SETTING

Changing the agricultural industry in riverside villages and replacing other crops with garlic production industry that requires a lot of fertilizer to reduce agricultural pollution on the riverside.

Overall ecological purification system

Landscape design means

Sampling sites in Loushi River

Composite subsurface constructed wetland

1.5

West Lake, one of the northern sources of Erhai,

flows to Erhai through Luo Shijiang. From the upper

reaches of the upper reaches of West Lake to Erhai,

0.5

we found that the water quality of the freshwater

flowing through the Luo Shi River Basin has decreased

0.3125

significantly.

Horizontal Subsurfaceflow Constructed Wetland

0.875

0.875 0.875 0.6875

0.5 0.6875

0.3125

Suvrface flow constructed wetland

According to the flow rate above, the amount of water treatment in each block can be estimated. To a certain extent, these data are directly proportional to the number of wetland plants.z and also,We can design different wetland types according to them.

Thinking

Discussing

The new wetland system combined with capillary and trigonometric probability model can effectively reconstruct the riverside wetland system. The double filter system can effectively purify various kinds of sewage on both sides of the river, thus effectively improve the water quality in Erhai.

Landscape ecotype restoration model -- Biological grid,Artificial water grass,Ecological leisure bank protection

PHASED IMPLEMENT 2018

EVOLUTION ECOLOGY Wetland system

Reforestation

SOCIETY Ecological barge

MANAGEMENT

ECONOMY

Responsibility system Industrial model reform Expert guidance

TECHNOLOGY River bottom desilting

ECOLOGY Ecological island

Ecological farm

LANDSCAPE TREATMENT MEASURE 2020

2025

2030

2035

2040

2018

2018

second grade system

(Treatment of non-point source pollution)

First grade system

(River ecological purification)

second grade system

(Treatment of non-point source pollution)

Improvement of sewage system

Landscape design means combined with wetland system to add various kinds of hydrophilic space and wooden plank road for people to use, so that the design is both functional and ecological.

readjusting industrial structure

Publicity of environmental awareness Agriculture

Stockbreeding

Removing pollutant source

Tourism

before

measure 1

measure 2

PHASED EXPECTED SITUATION

Plants and animals

Reconstruction of wetland ecosystem

Fan Fei, SiYu Chen, ChengMeng Jin, YuChen Wang Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

GROWING COOLING ISLAND

-BU I LDI NG TH E ECOLOGICALSOCIOECONOMIC COMPOSITE FRAME TO RESIST U RBAN H EAT ISSU ES Beijing is one of the most densely populated metropolises in the world between the years from 2006 to 2015, the area of highest temperature zone is increasing yearly.Escalating urban heat island phenomenon caused great harm to peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s lives and the ecological environment.Meanwhile, Beijing International Marathon Competion is held on the burning road in the heat of August,which passes through the concentrated area of the urban heat islands.In the game time, high heat has certain negative influence on the athletesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; physical health.After the game,benefits of public services have not improved,and public facilities are not being used properly. We proposed the concept of Growing Cooling Island to resist the urban heat issue.Through building the ecologicalsocioeconomic composite frame,cooling island grows continuously thus realizing the cooling and alleviating the heat island effect. To provide cold island effect,we planned the bluegreen system ,which includes three aspects:(1)Integrating existing greenspace and water system.(2) restorating the historical water system.(3)combining cooling islands with public transport system,communicating historical cultural area and green space. Through these methods,at the same time as solving the problem of urban high temperature,it creates ecological and socioeconomic value.In ecologicalaspect,cooling island provides habitat for birds,improving biodiversity in old town.

Fangzheng Li, Zujia Guo, Yuxuan Wu, Yufei Dong Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ELASTIC WEB

The unique and energetic natural scenery of the seaside always attracted humanity to settle in this place and form a series of local cultures. However, with the development of regional economy, the ecological environment and economic development have formed an opposite situation. According to analysis, we propose three strategies to restore site flexibillity. The project is located in Haiwei Town, in the west of Hainan Province and Changjiang Li Autonomous County, near the seashore. The soil in the site was dry and scarcity of water. Desertification occurred in some areas. The water body was polluted in different degree due to the development of the aquaculture industry. The types of vegetation were monotonous. At the same time, it is also facing the threat of a tropical storm surge. Based on the principle of bionics, we borrowed from the elastic structure of the spider wed to design a network with defensive capabilities, resilience and connectivty. The overall fucntion was achieved through the superimposition of functions. It is a multicultural information carrier for transportation, history, landscape, ethnicity, etc. Through ecological restoration and reuse, the site has become a multipfuncitonal landscape space. It has demonstrated the coastal wetland landscpe as the main body, reflecting the development of marine fishery. The historical connotation has research value and educational function for people to visit and watch popular science investigation.

MaHao, WuJun, FanYu, TangHongkai

Hainan University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE CYCLE OF CELLS

-ELASTIC REGENERATION OF INDUSTRIAL RUINS

This work is aimed at the pollution of mining sites and has the following characteristics: 1, Representative: There are numerous incidents of environmental pollution caused by overexploitation of resources. The design can set an example for other similar regions and lead global environmental protection operations. 2, implementability: The plans proposed in this design for the landscape of coal and mountains, the solid earth belt of stone cages, and the intercropping of forest grain are all proposed under the conditions of todayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s social and technical conditions, and are highly operable. 3, comprehensive: This design starts from an all-round perspective, and strives to solve the problems existing in the venue from the root. 4, Predictability: The program adopts a phased approach to developmentďź&#x152;the future development of the venue can be predicted.

LiHao, HeCheng, ZhouWei Shi, TaJin min, ZhangYu Peng

Chongqing Jiaotong University,China


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

WATERY DRYLAND: A PLANNING OF THE BLUE INFRASTRUCTURE IN ANTOFAGASTA, CHILE

Under the background of global warming and frequent occurrence of extreme climatic events, this project put forward an idea of adaptive water system for Antofagasta, a northern city of Chile. According to the Literature study and field trips, some issues such as water shortage, minimal annual precipitation and unpredictable rainstorm are revealed, which lead to a lack of urban green area, negative agricultural development and even water supply dispute. However, the average air humidity in Antofagasta is up to 70%. Hence, the innovative facilities transforming â&#x20AC;&#x153;wet airâ&#x20AC;? into water could be built around this city, increasing the water supply significantly. Moreover, combined these new facilities with rainwater collectors and domestic sewage recycling, an urban blue infrastructure net could be established in response to extreme drought and sudden rainstorm. In this way, from partly to generally, the urban greenfield and public space of Antofagasta would be gradually restored. At the same time, the reasonable redistribution of water resource would relieve social contradictions, promote social resilience.

Qiu Yuti, Chen Jiaci, Chen Xiaoyue, Fan Zijun

College of Arts College of Landscape Architecture, Fujian


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

GREEN CHINA

-A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE MUNICIPAL RIVER POLLUTION QUTONOMOUS SYSTEM UNDER THE COORDINATION MECHANISM.

The definition of resilient landscape is “the ability of ecosystems to endure disrupted and not collapse”, disrupting the process of rapid urbanization, in addition to natural disasters, and the loss of biodiversity, loss and degradation of natural resources, and economic and social instability. . We focus on the disruption of the urban waterfront environment in the rapid urbanization process. With the development of industry, people over the riverside area, which have brought a series of adverse effects on the city riverside area, such as water pollution, river blockage, the quality of the surrounding environment and so on. The development of rivers is closely related to the development of cities. How to build a good and sustainable waterfront environment is an important challenge facing the society today. The long-term dominant position of riverside area for urban development comes from its unique value, flexibility and adaptability. We selected the city of Harbin in the city of the city of the city of the city of the river Ma Jia ditch research and design, according to the surrounding environment, the entire section of the river is divided into three stages, different stages of water treatment in different stages, different pollution conditions to take different strategies, and ultimately the whole river system has the city’s pollution of the city self. My ability to repair.

Mengtong Luo, Fang Liang, Xinxin Zhao, Shuheng Lang Northeast Forestry University, Garden College


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE TURN

THE REBIRTH OF THE CITARUM RIVER

Citarum River is located in the west of Java, Indonesia, originated in the mountainous area of southern Bandung, with the basin area of 6,600 km2, ranking the third largest river of Indonesia. Since the 1980s, Bandung has achieved population growth and rapid urbanization by the driving force of textile industry, while the lack of environmental awareness has led to a dramatic decline in water quality for the past 20 years, combined with frequent floods that result from extreme weather, which both exert severe influence on Indonesia’s economy and society. Based on the endeavor of local government, the “TURN” project is to borrow the power of river course, take advantage of the river itself, and change the negative effects of floating garbage into positive ones at the river turns. Specifically, the garbage collection and flood prevention facilities will be taken as the standard module which will be put into more available turns, so as to gradually reduce the floating wastes, build floodwalls that are made of garbage and then design the waterfront space for activities by reusing the garbage. By doing this, we can reduce the pollution, improve flood control ability and vitalize the river bank as well. The wide application of this module will help clearing the river wastes and improve the city’s adaptability to the river pollutions and extreme climate, therefore revitalize the Citarum River after years of pollution.

Chaolan Dai, Xu wu, Jingyuan lin, Cun Shen Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ADAPTIVE CELLS: THE FLOATING WONDERS Our site is located in Zoucheng, Shandong Province in China, which is one of the current ecological hotspots in North China with evident ecosystem disruption due to human interference. Coal mining was once flourished in the design site led to a short-term development of local society and economy. Currently, severe coal mining collapse becomes the major driver of local environment changes, which leaves horrors of ground deformation and subsidence, vegetation deterioration, loss of agricultural fields, the occurrence of accident and casualties, as well as lagging economy and vulnerable community. Our design idea is to make full use of the ecological opportunity of newly formed wetland due to ground subsidence and accumulation of stomwater in the site to reverse the fragile site to a resilient landscape system. We adopt ecological engineers including multifunctional floating beds, dynamic ponds and water forestry to develop a sustainable framework with resilience capacity to contribute restoration of local ecosystem and the regeneration of local society, economy, and culture. Carefully designed floating beds will be the core part of the landscape framework, which adopt various of ecological structures and engineering means to provide dynamic modules such as wildlife habitats, wet meadows, crop production and activity modules to offer various of functions including biodiversity conservation, aesthetics, crop yields, edu-cation and recreation, etc. With the involvement of life wisdom and ecological wisdom, the system will perform as â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;adaptive cellsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; that continuously evolve with the abi-lity of self-maintenance, and therefore achieve real resilience.

Jiajia Chen, Qiuyun Wang, Ruiying Xie, Mengdi Chen

Chongqing University Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

STARRY SKY

SMALL SCALE MOBILE LANDSCAPE DESIGN USING INDUSTRIAL MATERIALS AS ELEMENTS

In the process of transforming Sheffield from the main steel industry into a green, technological and industrial city, the Tang Valley region has been continuously developed into a chaotic pattern since the 1990s: limited green areas, lack of vitality, and industrial pollution,serious and unbalanced industrial types all contributed to the serious obstacles to the future development of the Tang Valley area. We use the design method of the elastic landscape to give new functions to the waste space of the original industrial area and rejuvenate it, connecting various industrial spaces through the block. The abandoned space is the point, the street is the line, and the dotted lines form the “Starry Sky” view overlooking the perspective, and refer to this area as the star of Sheffield. In addition, the location, quantity, and function of the landscape system and the distribution of each element are variable. While undertaking Tang Valley’s long history of industrial manufacturing, it has also met the continuous development of society and residents’ needs.

Kaixi Zhao, Yanxi Zhou, Yuting Zhao, Mengqi Wan Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

BRIDGE OVER TROUBLED WATER

- ECOLOGICAL SELF-RECOVERY SYSTEM BRIDGE THE PAST AND FUTURE LANDSCAPE

Parti derives from understandings that are nonlandscapture and must be cultivated before landscape form can be born. We think about the relationship between the past and the future, then we find a bridge which can be a hint to experiential and aesthetic sensibility. So, we draw a soft line on “Shezidao” landscape and building volume, to create a unique parti solving the serious flooding problem of nature and economic issue of residents. We use “ denial and reward ”to enrich passage through the built environment. First, we tend to be concerned with landscape physical things in and of themselves. Then, we focus on the human interface with physical things. Next time, you will see a brand new landscape when crossing the “Shezi Bridge”from Taipei City. Due to the heavy Gloria Typhoon rains, Shezidao Island was announced as forbidden area for over 50 years. Most habitats in Shezidao have been affected by floods caused by the typhoon rains. We decide to Build a wetland park, to control flood, and the cultivation of ecological self-recovery system. Design a “system” not just landscape design, respond to the topic “elastic landscape” and design a set of “protective, predictive, mitigation, adaptability” to explore Shezidao for government measures the negative impact, as well as the natural flood itself. The bridge implied the connection between Taipei City and the forgotten island that bridge the past and the future.

Lee Po-Wen, Hsuan Ting Huang

National Taiwan University of Science and Technology Architecture


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE CIRCLE OF LIFE -ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION OF SHAOHAI WETLAND

Jiaozhou is close to Huanghai. During the rainy season, the tides backflow makes it easy to flood. In 2001, the flood caused an economic loss of 120 million yuan, brought huge losses to Jiaozhou. The wetland is a city flood control wetland, which can meet the defense demand of the 50-year-flood. Since 2006, the government has invested nearly 700 million yuan to develop it, leading a large number of fishermen lost their land. However, excessive economic investment is harmful to Shaohai in fact. Severe water pollution causes the reeds to grow wildly and animals’ death. Organic matter can’t be consumed timely and silt accumulates too fast, so the wetland flood-control function is weaker and weaker. And the huge investment has not received the expected benefits. To solve it, we made several field research and come up with the solution. The ecological dam made up with willows and filled with reeds to lead water to impact and form a wetland. Then we can establish the land-wetland- damfloating island multi-level purification system to improve the water quality and increase the biodiversity to restore the wetland’s ecology. Then we can breed mussels in wetland to purify water, and develop pearl economy and ecological tourism which can bring economic income and jobs with the reed knitwork for the relocated-fishermen. Finally, we can restore the ecological resilience of the site and build a social - economic - and ecological resilience cycle.

Yu Wenli , Zhong Xiaoming, Yang Xiaoxia, Zhang Mengjiao, Qingdao University of Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

LEEWAY OF CONVECTION

Tropical villages in Southeast Asia are vulnerable to tropical storms. Because of the location at the junction of the river and the sea as well as the massive deforestation of mankind for economic development, Dakhin Bedkasi suffered more complex disasters. Tidal river brings back-flowing seawater from the down stream and Kopothakho River brings sensation from the upper stream. In order to solve the conflict of the site, the plan sets out the rivers that discharge the floods upstream and divert the rivers that flow to downstream. With the height of different water levels, embankments and islands, which are different height, are used to change the flood of discharged channels. While reducing flood damage to a minimum, it has greatly improved poldersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; drainage capacity and enhanced the production and sustainable development of polders. At the same time, these rivers bring abundant fresh water and sediment during the non-flood season, which alleviate the problem of long-term surface descent in the polders system. Mangrove on both sides of the river bank prevent soil erosion and provide ample food sources for the aquaculture. Together improve the systemâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s defense capabilities and sustainability. The flexible water strategy transformed the original chaotic convection conflicts into human, water, and natural. The plan improves the safety and livability of the local community and provides residents with more economic income.

Liu Zheng, Yan Shuyi, Lin Qiao, ShiYao Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

INVISIBLE RESERVOIR

- ECOLOGICAL REHABILITATION FOR FUSHAN MOUNTAIN

The pilot zone of our program is located in Fushan Mountain, Qingdao city, Shandong Province, which is a coastal city in Eastern China. The per capita fresh water capacity in Qingdao is less than 247m3 while the international standard of severe water shortage is 500m3. Even it was in the urban area of Qingdao, Fushan Mountain failed to become an air purifier and was threatened by aridity as well as flood resulted from monsoon climate. Problems to be solved: Once vibrant and covered with dense primary vegetation, Fushan mountain was lumbered and quarried as the spreading urbanization, which has undermined the natural environment and ecologic system there. When the rainstorm comes, the water canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t be reserved in Fushan Mountain and a flood may erupt intimidating local residents. Main features and innovative points: This program tackles with the problem of the water reservation first.We come up with three strategies of reservoir construct, aiming to change Fushan Mountain into a reservoir with ecological resilience. First, foster a diverse phytobiocoenose in Fushan Mountain in a rational artificial way. Second, design an installation to dispose raindrops including collecting devices for sea fog and arched facilities to prevent water loss according to the ecological environment and terrain slope Third, build a public park for local people and city farms in the flat areas at the foot of Fushan Mountain.

Liu Xin, Lyu Fangzhou, Jin Ruqiao Qingdao University of Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

SMART VILLAGE

-ECOLOGICAL PLANNING OF LI MING VILLAGE IN SICHUAN PROVINCE,CHINA

Introduction:Li Ming Village, located in the mountainous area of Sichuan Province, C hina,is the throat of Lushan County. It is close to the provincial highway 210, Feixian Guan and Siyan Township. The total area is 150000 square meters, the altitude is 750. 00 meters, the annual average temperature is 16.00 â&#x201E;&#x192;, the annual precipitation is 140 0 millimeters, suitable for planting ginger, orange, corn, rice and other crops.The main problems in Liming Village are: serious aging of the population, insufficient work force, waste of cultivated land, severe earthquake damage, unreasonable straw burnin g,irrational village road system planning and damage, and low income of villagers. Build a green and resilient community, develop smart agriculture, and provide possibilities for sustainable development of the business model of community support agriculture, and deeper thinking about the relationship between people and people. Develop participatory ecological agriculture, promote the exchange between cities and villages, and create spiritual harbors.

Tang Weili, Guo Shuang, Chen Xi, Zou Weijing, Liu Ying

Sichuan Agricultural University Landscape College


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

SMART DESIGN TO BUILD RESILIENCE - FUTURE HABITATS OF BAIYANGDIAN, XIONG' AN NEW AREA

The site is located in Xiong’ an New Area, which will be a world-class new city in the future of China. The Baiyangdian Wetland is the ecological green core of the Xiong’an New Area, but now its ecological situation is not optimistic. The domestic sewage of the 88,000 inhabitants living in Baiyangdian has brought a huge burden on the wetlands. At the same time, many abandoned reed fields can not play the role of purifying the water quality because of the extremely poor connectivity. We used UAV and water quality detector to carry out detailed investigation and data collection of abandoned reed fields in Baiyangdian, and established several 3D models. After analyzing the ecological structure of the Baiyangdian Wetland and various data on the reed fields, we propose a strategy to enhance the connectivity of the reed fields and create a variety of habitats for birds. The new reed field can purify water of the present wetlands to restore the health of the wetland, and it also improves the ecological chain of the wetland through building bird habitats. The wetland is more resilient and provides strong support for the ecosystem stability of Xiong’ an New Area. Based on the data of UAV aerial photogrammetry, we quantified the design results and calculated the specific water purification of the new reed field, which provided a basis for the implementation of the scheme.

Wei-jie Han, Yi-lan Wang, Xue-ying Lin, Xiao-jie Shi, Wan-yue Lv Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ACCUMULATION -REBIRTH

- THE BALANCE AND REGULATION OF THE CATCHMENT CELL EVOLUTION AND CHANGLING LAKE DRIED UP ISSUE In order to deal with the dryness of Changling Lake, the mechanism of water-collecting cells evolution will be used to solve the problem. The water-harvesting cells are scattered blocks in the fishpond area, farmland area, and Changling Mountain forest land area in the site. They are all independent blocks before the site reconstruction, and lacking regional adjustment flexibility. The strategy of this design: on one hand, is to activate the water collection area block which was not active; on the other hand, forming a flexible water self-regulating system, ultimately achieve balanced and stable ecological environment among various blocks in the region. The key step is the treatment of fish ponds, by setting artificially floating wetlands and then using natural succession, it will be transformed into wetland and the setting of the water circulation system between the catchment area and the Changling Lake area. The treatment of farmland areas let parts of them transformed into reforestation, and other parts of them transformed into a rice-fishery symbiotic system, so that the originally isolated economic units are integrated into the entire regionâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ecological cycle, achieving economic and ecological win-win, and maximizing regional functional flexibility.

Liang Mengran, Bi Yuxuan, Qi Yumeng, Fan Fuwen Northeast Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

"A JOURNEY INTO THE GIANTS"

-ELEPHANT OBSERVATORY LANDSCAPE AT THAMMENNAWA, BANDAGIRIYA, SRI LANKA

Human â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Elephant Conflict The association between man and elephant in Sri Lanka is ancient. The survival of the elephant in the wild has become a matter of concern in present Sri Lanka, given the number killed in the ever escalating conflict with man. As the rapid urbanization rise up the expense of forests, elephant habitat is being reduced continually. Project Description The project is based on the elephant â&#x20AC;&#x201C; human conflict in villages in Sri Lanka. This project will act as a pilot project to check on the feasibility of using landscape architectural design solutions to mitigate the issue. Under this project, the movement pattern of the wild elephants will be identified in Thammennawa village in Bandagiriya, Sri Lanka to provide necessary arrangements to minimize the interaction between human and elephants. This project will also facilitates the tourists and visitors to get an experience by observing the behaviour of wild elephants. In this project, the elephants which identified as a threat to the villagers will be converted into an economic asset which alters a secondary income generation mode for the villagers through the elephant observatory landscape.

R.W.M.R.S Wanigasekara University of Moratuwa


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

TWIN VILLAGE SYSTEM

- COMMUNITY BASED DISASTER MECHANISM

The project focuses on a volcano site called Mountain Bromo which is located in the east of Malang city, Indonesia. It is an active volcano and there is a minority nationality called Tenggernese. They believe in Mt. Bromo and view it as the god of universe. The unexpected volcanic eruption happens from time to time and it is reported that these people are unwilling to remove from their hometown for 200 years. After research, it is speculated that the main drive of this human-volcano pattern is that although these guys have to undertake the short term risks of the volcano, they can get benefits which can compensate the negative effects from the volcano in the long term. Tengernese attitude toward the volcano is that they view volcano as an opportunity rather than disaster or frightening thing. Based on this ideology, the project try to reduce the negative effects and strengthen the benefits of disaster. A new disaster mechanism is developed based on community. The goal is that new mechanism could not only help villagers survive a disaster but also strengthen the community in the term of public engagement, social equality and education. The main concept is to further develop twin village system in the way of developing villages connection space. These space connect different two villages so they can work together no matter with disaster preparedness or daily business in this space. After the strategy deployment, these tenggerese villages will be a resilient system with community vitality.

Junyi Fan

The University of Hong Kong


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

"REVITALIZING KALUTARA"

-RESPONSIVE TOURISM ORIENTED FACILITATIVE LANDSCAPE

Kalutara is the major city located in the Kalutara District, Western Province, Sri Lanka. The town’s name is derived from the Kalu Ganga River (‘Black River’ in native Sinhala). Kalu Ganga Estuary and Kalutara were highlighted areas within Sri Lanka in history due to different reasons. The sand bar act as the barrier to control the effect of ocean waves. In the present day, Kalu Ganga Estuary area is environmentally and socially degraded. This project is basically focuses on regenerating the whole area by conserving the environment. Kalutara estuary is especially importance due to the sand bar and the forest patch. Due to the sand mining upriver and wrong method of cutting the sand bar during the last rainy season, the estuary is under a huge threat of losing its structure, ecosystem and beauty. Environment degradation in the site context • High erosion of the coastal line and sand bar area. • Embankment degradation. • Vegetation degradation. • River bed degradation (sand mining). The first phase of the project is aimed on conserving the degraded area. The degraded sand bar will be supported by a sand retaining structure to provide the ability to fill up back as it was. It will also reduce the embankment erosion due to ocean waves. Planting concept is going to be used to regenerate the degraded vegetation. It will also supports to retain the soil. The second phase of the project is catered as the facilitative landscape for the tourists.

H.R.N Irangika

University of Moratuwa


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

MAGIC UNDER THE MANGROVES

The project is located in Tuy Hoa city, Phu Yen province, Vietnam. Decades ago, the immigrants were well-off with a friendly environment. However, in the past few years, with the disappearance of mangroves, the area was vulnerable to severe coastal erosion, typhoon, biodiversity reduction. People cut down mangrove forest in order to produce rice and shrimp. There are farmland or shrimp ponds on the deltas, river banks and coasts. In the absence of mangrove protection, many natural disasters occurred and large areas of farmland and shrimp ponds were abandoned. All these have increased the poverty of the residents. Now we hope to create a resilient ecosystem by restoring mangroves. Our team has designed a stable and permeable bamboo dam and device that balances the settlement and loss of soil. Then, mangroves will be able to grow there again and there will be a biological explosion. Deltas on both sides of the river will become mangroves forest and wetlands. Residents donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t need to fear their farmland and shrimp ponds due to the protection of mangroves. And they can also earn some money through mangroves, processing industry and the development of tourism. Eventually, people live in harmony with nature and form a virtuous cycle of economy, nature and society.

Haiyue Zhao, Jiexian Wang, Zhechao Xia, Ruixue Zhang, Yu Zhou Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

RENAISSANCE OF STEPWELL, RESILIENCE OF SURAT Surat is located on the bank of the river Tapi and at mouth of the Gulf of Khambhat. Affected by the monsoon, the annual rainfall distribution in the region is extremely uneven. As the 4th-fastest growing city in India, Surat is losing its ability to withstand seasonal climate changes and has received disasters frequently due to rapid urbanization. Crisis:Surat faces risks of flooding, extreme heat, subsequent health risks, and seawater intrusion caused by excessive use of groundwater. Strategies: Establishing three kinds of stepwell and connecting them in series into an urban resilience system. 1. Excavate the first-tier stepwells at the weakest place near by the existing dam to hold flood water and use the earthworks to build a new and higher dam. These stepwells also become new agriculture and recreation space for people. 2. Build the second-tier stepwells in the original large-scale green space to relieve floods, which can not only supplement groundwater and cool the city during the dry season but also serve as large-scale public space. 3. Construct the third-tier stepwell on the street scale. Combine the stepwells with rain gardens and green roofs for rain collection and create public cores of communities. Innovations: Inspired by stepwell, a traditional Indian water facility, our design aims to allocate the drought and rainy season water resources by adding and transforming the functions of stepwell to increase cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s resilient ability. While solving environmental problems, it also provides public spaces and emerging industries.

Song Yi, Luo yuwei, Zhao Xiyao,Xu Weipeng Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

"BREATHE UNTRAMMELED"

ShaoHai Wetland Park is an important part of network in DaGu river system in the JiaoZhou bay. It is the national largest wetland park dominated by city flood control functions , north China’s largest artificial freshwater lake. Need to solve the flood threat, a perennial water-logging and flooding, whenever the DaGu river is high water level during the flood, the flood flow backward, DianZi river and YunXi river cannot pour out water and easy to form water-logging. At the same time, water pollution can lead to eutrophication, reeds and other plants make silting fast.The measures in “Urban ecological rehabilitation programme” are not suitable for all venues. Invest much money, but outside species don’t grow well,the ecological benefits are reduced instead. In order to improve the storage capacity of the site and make it more resilient,we design to dig silt in the center of the site and use it to build up floating island; Braid the ecological revetment, restrain the growth rate of the plant, change the shoreline of the lake, avoid silt fast deposition; Construct underwater ecological landscape equipment, perfecting the ecosystem, improving water pollution, restoring the vitality of the lake and establishing a sustainable and stable ecological space;Develop suitable plants to attract people to participate in. Peopleoriented, focus on economic benefits.

Liang WenRong, Zhang Nan, Wang Hongyuan Qingdao University of Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REBORN FROM THE ASHES :

RECONSTRUCTING THE HARMONY BETWEEN INHABITANTS AND WILDFIRE BY FIRE-RESILIENT LANDSCAPE APPROACHES Daylesford is a small town in Victoria, Australia. Before urbanization, the fire was an important part the local aboriginal people’s life. They used the fire to create and protect their settlements , and to manage the planting and hunting . However, during the expansion of the city, due to the excessive use of manual intervention to extinguish natural fires, combustibles gradually accumulated, causing large-scale uncontrollable natural fires, which caused great personal injury and property damage to local inhabitants. This project is based on the principle of “small fire extinguishing large fire”, using small-scale high-frequency natural wildfires and artificial arson to digest natural combustible materials, thus reducing the risk of large fire and possible losses. The innovation of this project is to divide the fire into three types of land: forestland, water area, and grassland according to the location. Based on this, we use the different ratios of plants, terrain, water, and devices to build a variety of flexible combinations:the fire transition zone. This zone is capable of self-digestion of fire and uses fire as an element to achieve ecological, landscape, and industrial benefits. Through this kind of fire-adapted practice, we hope to restore the local traditional fire culture and realize the harmonious coexistence between inhabitants and wildfires.

Zhang Yijia, Xing Luyu, Fang Binxi, Deng Jianan, Lin Hanzhi Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

PULSING LAND

XiaoZhou Village locates near the Guangzhou College Town in China in which exists ten colleges that enroll art students every year,since its superior location and its inexpensive price for rent ,numerous artexaminees and art training institutions have swarmed into the village.The dense art atmosphere in the village attracts tourists,making it a tourism and artistic village. As we researched,the most severe problem that the village facing is there are insufficient sketching space for art-examinees in art-exam period (from Aug. to Feb. every year) ,unsatisfying use ratio of landscape space and lack of symbolic and attractive spots,which makes the village empty and desolated in non-art-exam period (from Mar. to Aug. every year). We did detailed researches in the whole village and finally chose four major spots as target spots,in which every spot can satisfy different needs of art-examinees,villagers and tourists in different periods with our design.The project provides better sketching environment for artexaminees in art-exam period and more attractive spots for tourists and villagers in non-art-exam period.The flexible function of landscape makes the village energetic and resilient,just like a beating pulse.

Xiangen Huang, Zhili Fan, Zifeng Wang, Yucai Chen, Li Zhang Guangzhou University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

CHIP RESTRUCTURING - PIT REPAIR AND RECONSTRUCTION ELASTICITY AND REGENERATION

Natural environment, which human beings are facing, is becoming more and more serious in the present world . The reconstruction to the nature is becoming deeper and deeper . Mining has caused a huge and destruction effect on natural environment. Thisproject will intriduee some plans for the sake of the mined area. Therefore, we have selected the North Mountain as our testing site in Jiao Zuo of Henan Province in China. We pick and project four typical mines, finding that mining is damaging local air quality and natives are suffering from dirty air whose main factor is inhalable particles. That increases the disease rates, like respiratory infection By this project, the speeies diversity on damaged mountains can get changed Furthermore we can analyse which is fit for local ecosystem native or external species? This project adopts the latest technology and takes different measures in accordance with the types of pits, in order that the local ecological system can be selfrenovated and self-purified.

Zhao Zhe, Wu Hao

Henan Polytechnic University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

MOUNTAIN RESERVOIR:

FLOOD PREVENTION, WATER STORAGE, MOUNTAIN RESTORATION

Mountain Fu is located in Qingdao, Shandong, China, north of the Yellow Sea. The top of the mountain is full of fog and air humidity, but there are problems of soil erosion and drought. At the same time, the serious destruction of vegetation is due to historical reasons and artificial quarrying. Cause the fact that precipitation in Qingdao is mostly concentrated in July and August, it is prone to flooding in summer and drought in other seasons. The phenomenon threatens the safety of surrounding residents. Issues that need resolving: 1. Incomplete plant community and poor water storage capacity. 2. The effect of the interception of vegetation is poor, and the flood season is prone to flood disasters. 3. Residents who have been displaced because of the destruction of the mountain environment have always wanted to relocate their homeland. Key features and innovations: 1. Use water collection devices to collect the vapors from mist and tidal winds for plant growth and groundwater recharging. 2. Planting pioneer species to restore vegetation, attract animals, improve biodiversity, and form a complete food chain. 3. Establishing urban farms to provide conditions for residents to return. 4. The complete ecosystem has improved the flood control and storage capacity of Mountain Fu. Then it becomes a huge reservoir. During the rainy season, water can be stored to prevent floods. During the dry season, the reservoir provides water to relieve the drought.

Precipitation: The average annual rainfall in Fushan Bay and the surrounding coastal areas is 7378 mm. The annual rainfall is concentrated in July and August, which is 48% of thetotal annual rainfall; and the winter rainfall is small.

Design Notes Project Overview: There is a huge contradiction between the flood and the drought and the water and soil loss is serious in the project site. The whole mountain is destroyed. Design idea: Collecting the tide wind through the water collecting devices to solve the drought in the mountain and ensuring the normal growth of the plant.Then solving the problem of soil erosion and restore the ecological cycle of Mountain Fu. Relieving the pressure in the flood season through landscape measures such as underground water storage tanks, and minimizing the damage caused by flooding.

Sun Shiping , Wang Mixue, Yuan Liyun, Jiang Yanlin, Liu Xinhe Qingdao University of Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

STRETCH OUT AND DRAW BACK

Stretch Out and draw Back

UK

US

Chemical Remediation

Using the cellular immune response as the mother model, an immune system in Guiyu was established, namely, the intervention of green infrastructure ,which is equivalent to immune We select the graphene polymer materials to absorb pollutants from water cells. The first reaction directly solved the existing pollution, waterlogging. At the same and soil, which can exhibit excellent adsorption capacity for organic matter, time, the formation of corresponding elastic immune membrane can deal with secondary fuel and heavy metal ions in a wide range while be able to efficiently adsorb shocks and become more powerful as the result of increased biodiversity in the membrane several pollutants in the one time. system. The composite immune system superposition makes the city more resilient and flexible, and promotes the development of the city.

Wetland Ecosystem

SITE

First shocks

JAPAN

Guiyu

Secondary

Soil Pollution Biodiversity Loss

E-Waste from the United States, Japan and other countries

PROBLEm

Wetland Ecosystem

Metal Electronic Waste

Flood

Farmland Encroachment

Urban Sprawl

River Ecosystem

Ancient Water Towns Wetland Ecosystem Ancient Building

River Ecosystem

The project is located in Guiyu Town of Shantou City in China, which is a major pollution town of electronic garbage in the world. The local irregular electronic disassembly operation, electronic waste incineration and sewage discharge have seriously affected the local soil and water environment. Located in the low-lying coastal city, Guiyu is a serious waterlogging area, which is affected by storm surge. After the industrial transformation, the employment of local residents and urban expansion also put great pressure on the local environment. In a nutshell, the main environment problem faced by Guiyu is the loss of biodiversity. The operation of the local river, farmland and urban ecosystem is greatly hindered,and the lack of biodiversity weakens the resistance and resilience of Guiyu to natural disasters, hindering the steady development of the city for a long time. Faced with these problems, we design a green infrastructure project based on wetlands. In the early days, it is like a stretch belt and elastic mat to absorb garbage,pollutant, floods, and meanwhile release organic matter, energy to enhance the biodiversity of region. Over time, our design work fully exerts the spontaneity of landscape changes in time while allows the three ecosystems(river, farmland and city) to form a sustainable ecological cycle. Formed by different types and layers of elastic bands, it is just like an immune cell, which links all kinds of areas to develop a functional composite elastic network and makes Guiyu Town immune and resilient.

River

Farmland

Electronic Pollution Field Ecosystem

Dismantling Pollution Sources

Farming Dismantling households

Solid Waste

Contaminated Field

Urban Ecosystem

N

Recovery Prophase

Dig

Scale: 1:5000 Dismantling Pollution Sources

Circular Industrial Park

Desilting

Excavation

Circular Industrial Park

Sewage

Wetland

Recovery Metaphase

River Ecosystem

ANALYSIS Circular Industrial Park

Water Purification

Resident---Wetland---farmland

Resident---Wetland---fishpond

Purification of river sewage through wetlands, construction of infrastructure on wetlands for daily activities of residents and establishment of production and life relations between residents and rivers.

Through wetland restoration of farmland pollution, restore biodiversity, so that the system for material cycle, activities and exchanges, so that residents and farmland together "bomb" up.

Using wetlands to reconstruct natural ecological barges, and create fruit-based fish ponds. Residents conserving fruit trees, digging ponds and mud, feeding fish, thus becoming self-supply and circulation.

Water Polution

Soil Polution

fishpond Polution

Wetland Purification, Construct habitat

earth excavation Repair, Construct habitat

Reconstruct ecological Shore

leisure facilities and management

Provision of leisure Services

Backfill Soil, Planting fruit trees

Domestic Water Supply and Drainage, Aquaculture

farm Sightseeing, farming Activities

fruit Base fish Pond

Lowest

River

Rating soil pollution, water pollution, waterlogging and biodiversity loss as criteria for determining the width of resilient zones

Service Facility

Sewage level 4-80m level 3-60m level 2-40m level 1-20m

Waterlog

level 3-30m level 2-20m level 1-10m

Wetland

Process of evolution

Data Change Waterlog

Circulation

Amusement Wastage Higher Tolerance

Waterlog

Circulation

Waterlog

Circulation

Participation

Amusement

Participation

Amusement

Participation

Biodiversity

Wastage

Biodiversity

Wastage

Economy

Lower Tolerance

Plant Analysis 4

6

7

River Ecosystem 2.Juncus Effusus 4.Lolium Perenne L. 6.Solamum Nigrum

1.Rumex Acetosa 3.Brassica Campestris L. 5.Thlaspi Caerulescens 7.T.Rotundifolium

level 1-30m Eco l o g i ca l Patch

Riverion Wetland

RESILIENT ECO-CYCLE

Sedum Alfredii Hance

Between the three immovable, contaminated ecosystems, we have added a series of green infrastructure projects, mainly wetlands, that will restore the ecosystem and increase its resistance. There is no doubt that this is a resilient and sustainable cycle.

Field Ecosystem

Fruit Base Fish Pond

2nd Planting

Stability

Water Inflow River

Wetland Green Infrastructure

Field Irrigation

Urban Ecosystem

Farm-Wetland

Populus Sp.

High

Soft Barge

Resilience Wetland 5%

River 15%

Contaminated River

Farm 40%

1st Planting

3rd Planting

Urban 5% Low

New River Ecosystem

Year 0

Year 5

Year 10

Year 15

Shooting

Potential

Soft Barge

Fishing

Farming

Spring Flower Show

Farming Place 40%

Go Sightseeing

Dig

Planting

Bird Song

Wetland Walkable Surface 5%

Water Cycle

Urban Waterlogging

Waterfront Space 10%

Sanitary Waste Exhaust

Water Outflow River

Contaminated Soil

Low

Year 0

Sunbathing Educating

Outdoor Library Picnic

Breeding

Autarky

Sharing

Spring outing Bumper Harvest

Year 10

Cycling Oxygen Bar

Social Contact

Operating

Fruit Base - Fish Pond 5%

Year 5

Sunset Watch

Dinner

Marketing

Year 15

Year 20

DiveRSifiCAtion in time [DiveRSifieD PeRfoRmAnCe / inCReASeD PotentiAl]

Water In-Flow

Urban Ecosystem

Walk the Dog Fitness Station

Activity

Emergent Vegetaion

Walk lover

Water Sports

High

Crop Cultivation

New Field Ecosystem

Year 20

DiveRSifiCAtion in time [StABilizeD mAintenAnCe / enhAnCeD BioDiveRSity]

River Ecosystem

Before Restoration

Economy

5 3

Juncus Effusus

GENERAL STRATEGY

Biodiversity

Economy

Prospect

Farmland

Corridor

level 2-20m level 1-10m

Lowest

Highest

Thlaspi Caerulescens Juncus Effusus Viola Baoshanensis Elsholtzia T.Rotundifolium Sedum Alfredii Hance Solamum Nigrum Zea Mays L. Oryza Sativa Brassica Campestris L. Brassica Juncea Helianthus Annuus Cucurbita Moschata Cyperus Rotundus L. Graminae Solidago Canadensis Cucurbita Pepo L. Cucumis Sativus L. Brassieaceae Rumex Acetosa Silene Fortunei Populus Sp. Lolium Perenne L. Rorippa Globosa Arabis Paniculata L. Eichhornia Crassipes Houttuynia Cordata Leersi Ahexandra Vetiveria Zizanioides Carextristachyavar Pogonatherum Isachne Globosa Typha Orientalis Presl Lonicera Confusa A. Higer Ferro Thiobacillus Earthworm

1

Ecology Corridor

Soil

Resident---Wetland---River

Quantities Highest

2

Soil Remediation

N

Scale: 1:5000

Pollutants Found in Water And Ssoil of The sSte

Contaminated Soil

Recovery Anaphase

Resident---fishpond

N

Scale: 1:5000

Biological Remediation Plants

Evolution of model

Resident---farmland

N

Scale: 1:5000

Process of Reaction

macromolecular structure

Resilient Membranes Field Ecosystem

Resident---River

How It Works

Farmland Polution

Water Pollution

Other Shocks

Field Ecosystem

Irregular Disassembly Operation

CLASSIFIED DESIGN

METHOD OF RESTORATION

CONCEPT

RESILIENT ECO-RIBBON

Guiyu is located in Shantou City, Guangdong Province, a coastal city. Due to serious waterlogging and the influx of large quantities of electronic garbage, the industry of Guiyu Island has changed from agriculture to electronic disassembly industry. The non-standard dismantling operation has resulted in serious water and soil pollution and loss of biodiversity.

Wetland Ecosystem Field Ecosystem

Compost

Wetland Ecosystem

Energy Supply

Food Cycle

River Ecosystem

Harvest

Purification

Urban

Water Supply

Tillage

Elevated Track

Resident Social and Cultural Improvements

After Restoration

Bio-Swale River Shelf

Existing Grade

Deep Water Fish Habitat

Eco-Ribbon

Grassed Swale

Bio-Swale

Farmland Biological Habitat

Wetland Shelf Shallow Fish Habitat

Bio-Swale

RESILIENT ECOSYSTEm SECITON

85% Resist for Waterlogging

Create Living Edge With Spoil

80%

Improvement to Water Quality

of New Wetland 30+ Miles Resilient Eco-Ribbon

90%

Expanded Biological 7+Habitat Area

Field Suitable for Farming

Cai Xinya, Li Yinjie

Zhengzhou University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

FOOTPRINTS OF THE FLOW

ECOLOGICAL DEMONSTRATION OF HIGH TECHNOLOGY COMPUS.

Due to climate and economic reasons, Harbin City has always faced the problem of a drop in groundwater level, peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s poor awareness of environmental protection and lack of winter activities. The design is devoted to using a grassland in Northeast Forestry University as an ecological demonstration site to solve the problems caused by human beings in the water cycle. This design utilizes the close-tonative communities of plants and the treatment of the underground to make maximum use of rainwater, and visualizes the water circulation pathway to achieve educational effects. At the same time, using high technology to allow the cold and the floods to come, they can adapt and recover quickly. As a result, we can achieve ecological elasticity, social elasticity and culural elasticity.

Jing Mei, Yang Liu, WenXiu Zhang, BaoZhu Liu, WeiMan Liu Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

BLUEPHILIA

Desertification and land devastation are occurring worldwide due to rapid urbanization. These phenomena are not limited to the natural environment, but also to urban areas, which is called urban desertification. Jeju Island is a popular tourist attraction with about 30 million visitors per year, so it is actively developing the resorts, shopping malls and etc. As a result, urban desertification is under way, with the temperature of the city rising and the level of underground water gradually lowered thus the soil is becoming dry. Therefore, we will try to solve the urban desertification by mimicking the Gotjawal, special forests and terrains of Jeju Island. we have defined the landscape as Bluephilia, which mimics the ecosystem or nature. To solve this problem, we want to apply various concepts ‘ Underlane, Underline ’ : The ‘Underline’ is the line that represents the highest level of groundwater, and the ‘underlane’ is the line that limits the depth of a building’s cutting according to the ‘Underline’ ‘ Blue vessel ’ : it is the natural flow of water into artificial recharge well connected to aquifers through the process of mounding. ‘ Vertical Canal ’ : It is created to flow directly to the aquifer using a pipe. ‘ Bluephilic Planting ’ : Including the common multi-layer planting structure, we plan to design that the roots are multi-layer. Through these designs, we think it will bring about a chain of benefits such as saving groundwater and improving soil, eventually saving the city.

Jung ju hyun, Koo Tae Youngm, Kwon Dong Hyeon, Jang Dong Hyuk, Lee Chung Eun Konkuk University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REBIRTH OF WASTE SOIL

ZhanXue, Zeng Wenyi, Li Jiayao, Mou Peng Chongqing Jiaotong University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

URBAN LIFE OF WETLAND

Huashiying urban village located at Beijing guomao CBD, surrounded by tall buildings close to live, as international trade last village, a large number of tenant in the arrival, site use population diversity, business activities, and so did the vivid and active public life, become the lowcost market. But outside the cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s jurisdiction, residential problems are breeding, and in the past, most of the treatment of urban villages in Chinese cities has been demolished. Huashiying has great internal value undiscovered, but its future existence and peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s residence is still a big problem. Design thinking from the perspective of the relationship between village and city, mainly solves the habitant living nowhere to release and public space messy disorder problem, based on the spatial structure and occupant of the huahsiying originally spontaneous life building, creating multiple space, meet the demand of habitant diversity of small scale to promote the communication between different people, stimulate the space of narrative function, so as to find the value of urban villages inside huashiying, and unearthed a huashiying development of ecological system, support the continuation of the huashiying culture and regeneration, Become a city living wetland that can function spontaneously and deliver nutrients to the city.

Wu Yanxi

Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

BREAK THROUGH THE GARBAGE SIEGE With urban development and population growth, the amount of urban waste generated in Beijing has gradually increased, and a large amount of waste that is difficult to handle has surrounded the core urban areas, causing serious environmental problems and social problems, leaving Beijing to face the dilemma of “garbage siege”. Problems: 1.In Beijing, where land resources are in short supply, landfill-based treatment methods have been unable to dispose of urban garbage, and new waste disposal methods need to be found; 2. The public opposes the establishment of waste incineration plants because of concerns about environmental pollution. The treatment of toxic substances after burning needs to be resolved. Project Features: Multi-scale coordinated planning. Sustainable recycling models replace existing unsustainable waste disposal methods. From disordered processing to orderly use. Garbage becomes resources, and space is rationally dispatched and value fully utilized. At the same time, with the ecological restoration, the green land will be returned to the city. Innovation: In a resource-harmonious and coordinated use of resources, combined with technology, the garbage will be converted into natural elements and natural landscapes, artificial landscapes, and natural urban ecosystems for social development will be operated. Turn garbage from the dark side of the city into a positive one.

Yuliang Liu, Jinghui Li, Xiaoduo Zhang, Ge Fan

Chongqing University’s College of Architecture and Urban Planning


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

WET FEET METROPOLIS

WET FEET METROPOLIS

SITE CONTEXT

BANGKOK BUILT-UP AREA EXPANSION

Site is 468,800 sq.m. of mechanical rice farming.

WATER MANAGEMENT CONCEPT

TYPE 1

HOT SEASON

+2.00

Pathum Thani

WL +1.00 BL -0.65

WL +0.55 BL -0.95

canal

retention pond

WL +0.25

WL +0.25

WL +1.80

WL +1.45

RICE FIELD

+2.00 +1.50

+2.00

rice field

+1.00 +1.00 existing ground level +0.00 rice field (learning area)

ditch

RAINNY SEASON (May - Oct) : Reducing water level (LWL.)

Nonthaburi 1900

1980

NOW (site area)

2002

Bangkok

Rice field area - 468,800 sq. m. Depth - 0.50 m. Detention capacity - 234,400 cubic TYPE 2

TYPICAL BANGKOK RETENTION POND In the fact that retention pond can not collect water according to Department of Drainage and Sewerage’s caculation which causes a mistake in water management. Moreover there’s no balancing cut and fill volume in the site. RETENTION POND

CANAL

Samut Prakan

Gulf of Thailand

This project is one of the six increasing retention pond project in eastern Bangkok managing by Department of Drainage and Sewerage. It is in suburb of Bangkok where nowadays are risk of urban expansion like housing estate and commercial area. The concept of water management is integrated typical Bangkok retention pond design with rice field which is the original site context. It is a form of polder that can collect the water already. Unlike the typical Bangkok retention pond that do not take concern in ecological factors and system is illegal. The purpose of project is to adapt water management with the suburbs area. Which using rice field context can reduce the problem of urban sprawl and deal with the global warming that causes the unusual weather such as localized clusters rainfall for example using rice field that connect each other with main canal to distribute water volume in canal to low rainfall intensity areas. The traditional rice cultivation learning center and using rice field with water management would reduce the expansion of the city to the suburbs or agricultural areas which is the area for collecting water before flow through the inner city. It can also be used as a pilot model for water managing of the retention pond and rice field to the rice fields around the suburbs. Without buying land, but make agreements with farmers in the area to help increase flexibility and quickly to provide water catchment area when the sudden climate change.

WATER MANAGEMENT SECTION

TYPICAL RICE FIELD AS DETENTION POND

CANAL

The site is one of the six increasing retention pond project in eastern Bangkok managing by Department of Drainage and Sewerage. It is in Khlong Sam Wa district, suburb of Bangkok where nowadays there are still have rice farming.

1980 1994 2002 NOW Bangkok built-up area expansion has changed from development through waterways to transport routes. The city has continued to expand to the suburb causing housing estate and commercial area increased without controling the urban sprawl and efficiently developing the inner city. So on, the problem of inappropriately land use such as encroachment on suburban farming or flood risk areas which used to be water catchment area before the inner city has changed.

BANGKOK RETENTION POND MAP

PROJECT OBJECTIVE

HOT SEASON

site

rice farming retention pond retention pond (complete) (during construction) In addition, the current position of retention pond is concentrated and water storage volume is not equable. Causing many flood risk areas in the inner city, this proposed project will make the concept of catchment area easier by using rice farming.

BOAT SERVICE

BIKE PARKING +2.00

RESTAURANT +2.00

FISHING SHOP

BIRD WATCHING TOWER +2.00

rice nursery +3.50

+4.00

+2.00

+3.00 4 +2.00 rice field +1.00 +1.00

rice field (learning area)

rice field +1.00

pavilion +2.00

+1.50

people will start learning at rice nursery which is the beginning of rice farming process and last finish at learning area separately by type of users.

+2.00

RAIN TREE COURT +2.00 AMPHI THEATER

LEARNING AREA (STUDENT) +1.50

2

LEARNING PROCESS DIAGRAM

THRESHING AREA +2.00

JAN • Rainy season • Rice farming process • Water management : Human function • Recreation • Farming participation • Bird watching

3 3

3.1

3.2

3.3

THRESHING AREA +2.00

SECTION DETAIL rice field (learning area) +1.50

dike +2.00 HWL +1.80 LWL +0.80

FEB

MAR

harvest

hot season

APR

MAY

soil preparation transplanting retention pond

barn +3.00

threshing area +2.00

JUN

ditch

ACTIVITIES CALENDAR

JULY

AUG

harvest

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

peak flow soil preparation trans planting

detention pond (rice field) rainny season

NETWORK : CONNECTING AND ADAPTATION WITH RICE FIELD

LEARNING AREA +1.50 RICE FIELD +1.00

WATER GATE

RICE FIELD +1.00

WALKWAY +2.00

3

RICE PRODUCTION CIRCULATION DIAGRAM Circulation starts from meeting pavilion used for explain some practical steps before going to learning area. Then

2

PAVILION

BOAT SERVICE PIER

AMPHITHEATER

road +3.50

canal

1

WATER MANAGEMENT LEARNING POINT +2.00

1

Circulation starts from water gate which collecting water from canal into retention pond. Space will link to waterfront in public park area that people can learn water management through various level steps in differrent seasons and get closely to waterfront. Walking along retention pond edge will pass water access from retention pond to ditch for agriculture then circulation will meet rice production circulation at farm intake area for argriculture and collect ater in rainy season.

THRESHING AREA +2.00

SECTION

+4.00 +3.00 existing ground level +2.00 +1.00 +0.00

VEGETABLE GARDEN

FISHING AREA

DIKE +2.00

RAIN TREE COURT +2.00

Ground area - 90,600 sq. m. Hieght - 2.70 m. Soil volume - 244,600 cubic

Rice field area - 468,800 sq. m. Depth - 0.50 m. Detention capacity - 218,400 cubic

RICE FIELD +1.00

RETENTION POND HWL +1.45 WL +0.55 LWL -0.25 BL -0.95

+3.00

4

TRACTOR PARKING

DROP-OFF ORGANIC CHANGING SHOPS ROOM MEETING PAVILION +4.00 VIEWPOINT +4.00

FLOATING VEGETABLE GARDEN

+1.60 WATER MANAGEMENT LEARNING AREA

RICE NURSERY +3.50

BIKE PARKING PAVILION +2.00

+3.00 PIER -0.50 +0.80 MULTI-PURPOSE +0.60 AREA +2.00 +3.00

WATEFRONT AREA

AMPHITHEATER +3.00

PIER

WATER GATE

+3.00 PLANT NURSERY +3.00 BUS PARKING +4.00

2

LEARNING AREA (STUDENT) +1.50

PARK

FARM INTAKE DETAIL

1

RICE FIELD

Water area - 90,600 sq. m. Depth - 2.70 m. (active storage dept 1.50 m.) Retention capacity - 135,900 cubic DRY RICE AREA

WATER MANAGEMENT LEARNING DIAGRAM

RICE FIELD +1.00

Water capacity - 354,300 cubic or 85% of TYPE 3 RETENTION POND

RICE BARN MILL

DETAILED : RICE FARMING LEARNING

Ground area - 234,400 sq. m. Hieght - 3.50 m. Soil volume - 703,000 cubic RETENTION POND WATER MANAGEMENT WITH RICE FIELD AND BALANCING CUT AND FILL VOLUME

CONCEPT DESIGN

67.40%

13.70% 10.60% 8.30%

SERVICE PARKING +4.00

CANAL HWL +1.80 WL +1.00 LWL -0.25 BL -0.62

PARK Water area - 234,400 sq. m. Depth - 3.50 m. (active storage dept 1.75 m.) Retention capacity - 410,200 cubic

CANAL

+4.00 PARKING +3.00

RAINNY SEASON (May - Oct) : Full water capacity (HWL.)

In case of following the law, cut and fill volume must be in the same site.

RETENTION POND WATER MANAGEMENT WITH RICE FIELD

LAND USE OF BANGKOK Built-up area Rice field Other argriculture Others

WATER MANAGEMENT PLAN

RAINNY SEASON (May - Oct) : Reducing water level (LWL.)

RETENTION POND

- A shallow polder collecting water - Some are within the built-up area. - There are left most in the suburb where water direction passed before going in the city.

Rice field = Potential area

Water Management

WL +1.00 +1.00 existing ground level +0.00

TYPICAL BANGKOK RETENTION POND WITH BALANCING CUT AND FILL VOLUME CANAL

- Bangkok has been flooded many times since the city has rapidly grown. - Water management in rainny season is not work due to climate change as well.

RAINNY SEASON (May - Oct) : Full water capacity (HWL.)

Water area - 468,800 sq. m. Depth - 3.50 m. (active storage dept 1.75 m.) Retention capacity - 820,400 cubic TYPE 3

+1.00 existing ground level +0.00

WL +1.00

Gathering space, recreation and dining in-between learning for student group.

3.1

3.3 In harvest season, threshing area is used to dry rice and do post-harvest activities.

+3.00

BIKE PARKING

WATER MANAGEMENT LEARNING POINT +2.00

MASTER PLAN SCALE 1:2000

0 510 20

40

80

160 M

N

Viewpoint area

Pitchaporn Suntharasantic

Chulalongkorn University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE GROWING LINE

Makoko is a water community in lagos, Nigeria. For nearly 100 years it has thrived on the fishing and sawing industries - Providing over a third of lagosâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; fish supply and most of its timber. It is an area with high population density, yet harsh living condition. No modern infrastructure is provided while industrial and domestic waste and leaking oil is flowing right under their feet. Makoko people are confronted with great challenges from both outside and inside. The starting point of our strategy is the two major type of waste flowing in the lagos lagoon, which are oil and sawdust. At the beginning, sawdust is collected through a Multilayer device and packed into a module, which can work as oil absorbent. As the oil is absorbed, the modules can be recombined, part of which form water filters under the houses of the Makoko community, while the others can form floating bases for agriculture use. In this way, thousands of clean fish pond and planting box can be established to recover the agriculture and fishery industry. In the third phase, the community will gradually form several open spaces for waste collection, medical treatment, education and training, as well as trading. In conclusion, we are offering an idea to use one waste material to fight against the other one. During this process, we can create a resilient community providing ecological, economic and social benefit for Makoko.

Xiaoyi Huang, Ming Fang, Shiying Wang, Ying Li Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

FROM DERELICT TO VALUE - REGENERATIVE BAOSHAN RIVERSIDE

ISSUE 3 | SITE IS POTENTIAL AS BIRD HABITATS DUE TO BORDERING GREEN SPACES AND STRATEGIC LOCATION TO NEIGHBORING WETLANDS

ISSUE 2 | PHYSICAL DISCONNECTION BETWEEN PEOPLE TO NATURE DUE TO MEGA ENCLAVES Residential

Commercial

Mixed used Residential + Commercial

Port

High-end Residential

Office

Industry Park

Industrial

Warehouse

Ecologically Valuable Greens to Retain

Waterbodies to be treated for de-pollution

Patches to be used as connectors Streetscape

Patches to enhance quality

Polluted water body with Concrete edge

Ecologically valuble water bodies to retain

Managed Vegetation with trees

Polluted water body with Spontaneous vegetation

Clean water body with spontaneous vegetation on edges

Managed water plants Managed grass patch

Water coming from Emergent Wetland

Water Industry Laboratory

Cascading Terraces for Aeration

Water Purification System

Water in this section was treated by the NeWater Treatment Plant and clean enough for human activities

Situated within premises of an obsolete steel factory in Shanghai, encompassed by polluted rivers and degraded soils, the site calls for a landscape renewal regime that transforms a derelict industrial site into an ecologically resilient university town through three thoughtful strategies to use on-site resources. The first strategy is to compensate the degraded nature by conducting soil and water remediation with a water treatment wetland, allowing site to be capable of tolerating future water contamination disasters. The proposed wetland contributes to remove the total amount of nitrogen up to 76.3%, to produce potable water for 25,000 people a day, and to meet 100% of water catchment requirement of a 100-year rainfall event. The second strategy is to recycle and reinforce existing soils to enhance biodiversity heterogeneity, allowing avian species to thrive and improve ecological resilience. 75.1% of the soils will be recycled to create new aggregations to increase the number of habitat type from 5 to 11 types including hillock forest and freshwater marches, which an increase of 26 avian species including endangered migrant birds. The last strategy is to activate social spaces such as sports facilities on newly created hills, walking trails along riverfront, and research facilities retrofitted into usable industrial warehouses. Resilient waterscapes are created through the use of transitional zones for both water and people, all in a bid for users to connect more closely with nature. Specific industrial relics were retained, transformed and to be amalgamated with the new landscape, as remembrance for future users

8 | Flood-able Terraces | Outdoor Cafe

6

7

Piazza could be flooded in times of heavy rainfall, or be an activity space during dry season

Outdoor Gym

10 Wetland Edges | Edges are softened with recycled soil from excavation to allow users to be physically closer to water

Existing Forest Patch

9

Riverfront Edges |Wetland plants to filter river water along rivers edge

16

Seed Bank Institute and Nursery

Terraced Plots from recycled soils for outdoor gardens

13

12 11

6 14 7 2

5

4

8

3 9

15 13

Sports Facilities as lookout points across the landscape

10 1

12

Velodrome embedded neatly onto recreated hill scape

16 14

Incorporating Rock Climbing arena with topography of hill

Multi-functional Stadium as detention pond during periods of heavy rainfall

15

11 1

Water Industry Treatment Plant

Industrial Relics Retained

An attempt to reconcile industrial past with ecology literally

2

Hillock Forest and Shrubland

Allowing hill and vegetation to amalgamate with industrial relics

3

Emergent Wetland

4

Submergent Wetland

5 Outdoor Library

Sun Hao Jen, Ashley

National University of Singapore


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE SHAPE OF WATER

India’s Cherrapunjee, which has the title of “the world’s rainy pole”, but the loss of precipitation makes it impossible for residents to guarantee even basic water use during the dry season. In response to this sharp contradiction, we set out from the original site, designed from the four aspects of water diversion, water storage, clean water, and water saving, and made a series of water facilities. Different forms of water are connected into one system to form a good water cycle. And hope to solve this problem of long- term ecological restoration and traditional farming patterns.

Siting Gao, Peishi Hou, Peiqi Zhang, Mingrui Hu Guangzhou University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

GREEN VALLEY ELASTIC ENDS

The valley landscape restoration plan is aimed at the problem of city shrinkage.The valley we choose is a typical landscape in Loess Plateau Region,it is just like the nerve endings in human brain. This city which has a thousand years history suffered badly from the environment damage caused by long-term coal mining. Just like hundreds of small cities of the mining area in the northwest of China. Our plan proposes a strategy to green the valley by developing the green infrastructure construction as well as implementing the ecological engineering. In addition, the project concept which reflects the local cultural features motivates the city vitality as well as brings economical benefits. Inspired by the â&#x20AC;&#x153;ancient wiseâ&#x20AC;?, our plan tries to build a complex system including water storage,efficient use as well as the soil erosion mitigation and reconstructed local biological community. After restoration,the coal mining pits become the gathering center for local people,where nature met culture again in harmony.

Tang Yanfeng, Mei Yuqian, Wang Keli Hua Zhong Agricultural University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ARCHI-PELAGO

AREA OF INVESTIGATION

MASTERPLAN ARCHI-PELAGO

THE SOUND

NEW TYPES OF TRANSPORTATION THAT IS SECURING THE SOCIAL ASPECTS OF THE AREA.

DESIGN PROPOSAL

MARINE PROTECTED AREA

ANALYSIS

KNÖSEN

BIRD PROTECTED AREA

LILLA HAMMAR

THE MAP IS A PART OF THE ANALYSIS THAT IS SHOWING THE

DETAILED DESIGN RECLOATE SAND

BREAKWATERS

PIER STRUCTURE THAT CAN BE USED AS TRANSPORTATION AND WELL AS AREAS OF RECREATION WHEN THE SEA LEVEL IS LOW.

STORA HAMMAR

BEACH OF SKANÖR

PORT OF SKANÖR

DIFFERENT CHARACTERS OF THE SITE.

THE ILLUSTRATION SHOWS THE RESULT OF HOW THE PRINCIPLES AND TACTIS FORM A PROTECTION AND A WAY OF LIVING WITH WATER.

LIVING SHORELINE THAT PROTECTS THE LANDSCAPE FROM COASTAL EROSION.

HÖLLVIKEN

BUILT STRUCTURES ON POLES THAT SECURES THE BUILDINGS FROM SEA LEVEL RISE AND FLOODING.

LIVING SHORELINE PROTECTION AGAINST EROSION

FLOATING STRUCTURES/ BUILDINGS

MARINE PROTECTED AREA

PROTECTED AREA

RAFTS THAT SECURE LIVING AREAS FOR SEALS.

SKANÖR

Dealing with challenges of global warming and future climate threats, the coastal landscape is at a vulnerable state. Falsterbo peninsula, located in south of Sweden, is facing sea level rise, flooding, and coastal erosion in the future. What is the most resilient approach in a longterm perspective? Should we integrate, protect or separate ourselves from the water? Archi-pelago describes an architect’s way of connecting islands, or in this case a series of tactics for coastal protections. The outcome of the project creates several opportunities to not only protecting us from the water, to see new possibilities to actually live with water or to use the water as a possibility. The proposal is based on tree design principles. Each principle constitutes of a number of tactics to be implemented of the site of Falsterbo peninsula, depending on the site’s conditions and character. The principles and tactics form together a coastal protection. The integrating approach aims to integrate a life where water is seen as a possibility rather than a problem or obstacle. This principle refers to solutions where you slowly adapt the society by “living with water” and integrate the changing coastal landscape. The protective approach aims to protect interest, for example economical interest, built-and natural environment or cultural heritage. The separating approach aims to separate and move away from the water with the purpose to protect certain interests. This could mean that buildings or even nature have to be relocated to safer grounds where the water can not reach.

BREAKWATERS UNDER WATER

DESIGN PRINCIPLES

BUILT STRUCTURE ON POLES/ FLOOD PROOFING

LJUNGHUSEN FLOODABLE PARK CREATES NEW HABITAT

RELOCATE (MOVE HOUSE INLAND AND LET THE WATER FLOW)

BIRD PROTECTED AREA ÄNGSNÄSET

PROTECT

SEPARATE

KÄMPINGE

FALSTERBO CANAL

SKANÖRS LJUNG

PROTECTED AREA

NEW TYPES OF TRANSPORTATION

MARINE PROTECTED AREA

FALSTERBO LIVING SHORELINE PROTECTION AGAINST EROSION

BUILT STRUCTURE ON POLES/ FLOOD PROOFING

DESIGN PRINCIPLE: INTEGRATE

DESIGN PRINCIPLE: PROTECT

DESIGN TACTICS: INTEGRATE

DESIGN TACTICS: PROTECT

DESIGN PRINCIPLE: SEPARATE

KÄMPINGEBUKTEN

BEACH OF FALSTERBO

LJUNGSKOGEN

BEFORE

0

0,25

0,5

0,75

1,0

1,25

1,5 (KM)

DESIGN TACTICS: SEPARATE

REEF OF FALSTERBO

FALSTERBOBUKTEN FLOATING STRUCTURES/ BUILDINGS

BUILT STRUCTURE ON POLES/ FLOOD PROOFING

SEAL RAFTS - NEW LIVING AREA FOR THE SEALS

BREAKWATERS

LIVING SHORELINE PROTECTION AGAINST EROSION

WATER

THE CONCEPT OF ARCHI-PELAGO

ARCHI-PELAGO

LAND

BREAKWATERS UNDER WATER

ULE NÄBBE

AFTER

WATER

STENUDDEN

PIER STRUCTURE PROTECTION AGAINS WAVES

RECLOATE SAND

PROTECTED NATURE AREA

PROTECTED AREA FLOMMEN

INTEGRATE

HÖLLVIKEN

WHARF PROTECTION

FLOMMEN

PROTECTED NATURE AREA

NEW TYPES OF TRANSPORTATION

WHARF PROTECTION

ARCHI-PELAGO

ARTIFICIAL ISLANDS - OPENS UP FOR NEW HABITAT’S AND VEGETATION

FLOATING STRUCTURES

SEAL RAFTS

BUILT STRUCTURE ON POLES/ FLOOD PROOFING

BREAKWATERS

SEA GATES

BREAKWATERS UNDER WATER

SEAL RAFTS

NEW TYPES OF TRANSPORTATION

LIVING SHORELINE

NEW TYPES OF TRANSPORTATION

PIER STRUCTURE

FLOATING STRUCTURES

SEAL RAFTS

WHARF PROTECTION

FLOODABLE PARK

ARTIFICIAL ISLANDS

FLOODABLE PARK

ARTIFICIAL ISLANDS

RELOCATE SAND

LIVING SHORELINE

SEA WALL

LEVEE

PIER STRUCTURE

RECLOATE SAND

EXPLORING THE SUBJECT

LITERATURE STUDY

REFERENCE PROJECTS

SITE STUDY

THE BALTIC SEA

CHALLENGE

OUR ANSWER IS ARCHI-PELAGO

Dealing with challenges of global warming and future climate threats, the coastal landscape is at a vulnerable state facing future extremes like flooding and sea level rise. With the contrasts between the romanticised view on the coastal landscape and the vulnerability due to water related events, how can we live with water? Or reverse, can we live with water? Falsterbo peninsula, located in south of Sweden, is at a vulnerable state facing sea level rise, flooding, and coastal erosion in the future. What is the most resilient approach in a long-term perspective? Should we integrate, protect or separate ourselves from the water?

Archi-pelago describes an architect’s way of connecting islands, or in this case a series of tactics for coastal protections. The outcome of the project creates several opportunities to not only protecting us from the water, to see new possibilities to actually live with water or to use the water as a possibility.

LAND

RELOCATE (MOVE HOUSE INLAND AND LET THE WATER FLOW)

ANALYSIS

CONCEPT

DESIGN PRINCIPLES

DESIGN TACTICS

DESIGN PROPOSAL!

HELLO!

LOCATION OF THE SITE THE MAP SHOWS THE MEAN SEA LEVEL RISE TODAY AT FALSTERBO PENINSULA.

KNÖSEN

FLOODING/ SEA LEVEL RISE

SWEDEN

THE DETAILJED MAP’S SHOWS THE PREDICTED MEAN SEA LEVEL RISE IN A HIGH RISK (RCP 8,5)SCENARIO IN YEAR 2100.

EUROPE

FALSTERBO PENINSULA

THE FIGURES ILLUSTRATE FLOODING AND STORM SURGE.

THE MAP’S SHOWS FALSTERBO PENINSULA’S LOCATION IN REFERENCE TO EUROPE AND SWEDEN.

STORM SURGE

SKANÖR

FLOODING PROJECTIONS

SOURCE: SWECO/ MUNICIPALITY OF VELLINGE

1

MAP 1. AREAS THREATHENED BY FLOODING BY BACKAFLODEN IN TODAY’S CLIMATE MAP 2. AREAS THREATHENED BY FLOODING BY BACKAFLODEN IN YEAR 2065

SOURCE: SWECO/ MUNICIPALITY OF VELLINGE

2

+2,85

SEA LEVEL RISE PROJECTIONS SEA LEVEL RISE PROJECTIONS

NICE RAFT!

SKANÖRS LJUNG

SKANÖRS LJUNG MÅKLÄPPEN

HIGHEST PREDICTED MEAN SEA LEVEL RISE (HIGH RISK RCP 8,5) SCENARIO IN YEAR 2100 IS +2,85. 1

2

Julia Johansson, Elli Sandstrom

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

SHELTER

Early in 2018, the blockbuster ocean storm, also known as the “bomb cyclone”, plastered America with blinding snow and sting winds. From North Caroline to Maine, many areas witnessed double-digit snowfall totals (Boston saw 13 inches). The storm made a massive effect on not only human beings but also nonhuman beings. Take sea turtles for instance, nearly 1000 sea turtles were trapped and rescued totally in this storm. While there are still many creatures being affected by the increasing extreme weathers day by day. In such a highly urbanized area, this time, we choose some sites of Boston to provide “flexible shelters” defeating the extremes better.We made designs to three types of places desperately. For the first type, we chose the extension of the main stem and put the biomimetic coral reef to provide habitats for ocean creatures, where the seaboard was severely hit and even to be corroded by the storm in the future. Besides, this structure weakens the wave effectively. The second mainly depends on one theory of breed aquatics, which helps to defend the fishes away from storm. We put some wind shields in the form of platform, thus providing space for both people and animals, especially the dying sea turtles. In the third design, we transferred hard concrete into eco-concrete in the hard wharf. By this, the habitat for both plants and shellfish is created. When disaster comes, besides human, disappearing animals also needs to be taken care specially.

Shuran Zhao, Gongyu Chen, Ruying Zheng, Ziqiu Huang, Yang ying Hua Zhong Agricultural University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

FROM THE LAND

Establish a holistic planned grazing landscape system to reverse desertification in Hulunbuir Desertification is regarded as an earth cancer and there is a huge threat to the global environment. What is even more serious is that poverty leads to the more irrational use and exploitation of land and natural resources in the short term, and desertification and poverty are aggravating and creating a vicious cycle. China is one of the countries with the most serious land degradation in the world. Due to the overgrazing and unreasonable mining, the Hulunbuir City in Inner Mongolia has caused serious desertification, which has serious impacts on the local ecology, economy and society. In order to seek the coexistence of ecology and economy, we propose to use the most primitive nomadic activities on the site to reverse desertification. The program builds a holistic planned grazing landscape system from the ground, the surface to the ground by mimicking nature. The entire system forms a mutually supportive topology to improve stability in the planar space and three-dimensional space, in order to deal with the impact of external factors. In addition, the regeneration of pastoralism and the restoration of grassland ecology have improved the living environment of local residents and brought economic income. Finally, people continue their more vigorous vitality and ecological sustainability by natural gifts on the site.

TIMELINE(Present)

3 Years

8 Years

15 Years Later

Xu Shan, Su Ningpin, Wang Guohua, Liu Danlin Sichuan Agricultural University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ALTERNATIVES TO THE DAM

-RESHAPING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FLOOD AND INDIVIDUALS OF DHAKA

Most of the rivers in Bangladesh come from the Himalayas. In the past, temporary flood during the monsoon season would fertile soil and the water was regarded as treasure for the people. However the global warming have been caused the amount of snow in the Himalayas melt grows which has increased the frequency of flooding. Now the water has become the shadow of Bangladesh. The homeless rushed into Dhaka. The rapidly growing population, vicious urban expansion inevitably happened. Increasing dams have been built to protect the city.Besides, the decline of agriculture caused by flood has accelerated the development of industries at the expense of the environment. Flood as well as fragile Dhaka is worrying. Problems: We hope to implant a series of effective methods at the border area in Dhaka, if the dam no longer exists, which could enhance Dhakaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s resistance to flooding, and to resolve the ecological issues brought about by rapid urbanization and industrialization in Dhaka. The main features and innovations: First, select a protruding area which contains factories, green areas, residential areas and docks beside the River .The dam will be demolished and only preserved the traffic function.Then five methods will be coordinated to form an elastic system to reduce the impact of flood on the city step by step.Plus, we will also introduce water into farmland and fish ponds which contribute to reshape peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s life before.

Zheng Ranqi, Guo Yanxin, Ruan Qiongyi Huaqiao University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE GREAT WEIR

In the process of rapid urbanization, many developing countries have enjoyed many benefits from environmental resources and have also encountered many crises. The destructive deforestation of peat swamp forests in Southeast Asia has caused many problems. Such as flood, large amount of CO2 emission, loss of biodiversity, haze and disease. Problem: Local residents farm palm oil on peat swamp forests to pursue better life. The main problem is how to balance environmental protection and economic development, to look a new way of development. We need to solve the ecological problems and explore new ways of land use. Specialty and innovation: We use weirs to solve almost all problems. First, blocking canal weirs could keep peat wet with the assistance of wells. Water management is the key point of peat restoration. It could reduce fire and CO2 emission. Also, it is the foundation of regeneration of peat swamp forest. Then weirs could help residents to develop new life stylesâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;â&#x20AC;&#x201D;to carry forward the traditional fishery and the new oil microalgae culture which not only can perfectly adapted to the local environment but also is good oil palm industry alternatives. The last, weirs can be open space for local residents. We do our best to restore peat swamp forest and paint a longterm blueprint for development.

Mingyang, Sirong Pan, Nuo Xu, Haici Wang, Xiaohan Liu Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

JAKARTA 2080: SYMBIOCITY SCENARIO What kind of development model would a city have to construct if it achieved the balance between urban development and natural succession? This design intends to construct a resilient city in southeast Asia, where it is most likely to be flooded with water over ten years. Jakarta is the capital city of Indonesia. Overexploitation of groundwater has led to severe land subsidence and approximately 40 percent of urban areas are below sea level. At the same time, rising sea levels caused by global warming has sped up the cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sinking. In addition, surface water pollution and seasonal floods have also hindered the development of Jakarta. In order to deal with these problems, this design has attempted to put forward some suggestions. Firstly, people need to transfer their minds. Resilience concept reflects the tolerance of natural process and explores some methods to balance city development with nature. We use the DNA double helix to describe the relationship between the two, namely that they are indivisible and interdependent symbionts. Secondly, part of city space should be returned to nature and allow nature to grow. Meanwhile, Urban development should be a part of the natural process. Finally, building a salt-fresh water conversion system in Jakarta to deal with the seasonal flood, land subsidence and sea level rise in different stages.

Li Qin, Xiang Juan, Zhang Hai Hua, Zhang Shao Li, Sun Jia Min Chong Qing University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

PANORAMA PARK

Existing site views

SITE FEATURES

1

PANORAMA PARK

+ O

CALGARY, ALBERTA, CANADA

-

Site totals

PANORAMA PLATFORM

PLAY SLOPE

++++++++ ++++++++ ooooooo -

Focus area

High comfort

Views from focus area

Mid-comfort Low comfort

Panorama Park is situated in the Ramsay neighborhood of Calgary, Alberta, a gritty place that is full of character, history, and culture. The park transforms an underutilized plot of land left between rail yards and residential development. The design process began with observing and documenting the larger context of Ramsay and Inglewood. The main park design utilizes the existing topography in creating an climbing slope, viewing platform, open space, fire-pit area, and a birch grove.

FIREPIT

67% +

Site Plan

NATURAL RECREATION

BIRCH GROVE

CONCEPT SKETCH

61% +

Cultural Hubs: Old Cultural Hub: New

71% +

++++++++ ++++++++ ooooooo ----

Cultural Hub: Re-purposed

Edges

Panorama Park

Inglewood

River Road / Fence Railroad Topography

+++++ +++++ oo --

Pearce Estate Park

The project brings ecosystem services to an area where the natural landscape is facing pressures of urbanization and exploitation of land desired for real estate. By solidifying and enhancing the unbuilt site, project aims to carve out a space that will remain as a natural oasis in the urban fabric. Emphasis is put on native plantings that create healthy habitats, and enrich biodiversity, along with giving residents an amenity that will bring fresh air, and a connection to nature into the bustling district.

IMPROVED MIXED USE PATHWAY

FIRE PIT: FACING SOUTH

Ramsay

Connecting paths

Thicker line indicates physical connections external to the overall site, and smaller ones indicate connections within site. They also serve as visual corridors.

Plateau

Inglewood

50% +

+++ oo -

Adelaine st.

Slope

Tree grove

Chainlink fence

55% +

The surrounding site context also presents opportunities for the design expand beyond the park site. The connection to the Elbow river will be reinforced through improving pedestrian crossing across spiller road, and widening the pathway down to the river, adjacent to the new Light Rail Transit line. Remediation of old industrial sites next to the river with natural plantings will establish a healthy ecological corridor from the new park site all the way to the river, and allow nature freedom in responding to future changes in climate.

Bird Sanctuary

++++++++ ++++++++ ooooo ooooo ---

[A] Existing section across slope 0m

10m

20m

Service road

Landscape Identity Landscape Identity

Canadian Pacific Railway

DOWNTOWN CALGARY

Pedestrian path

Penguin Carwash

Spiller road

Open space (Final design area)

Back alley

Elbow river

[B] Existing section across Spiller road

EAST VILLAGE

0m

.

EXISTING CONDITIONS [B]

R RD.

SPILLE

Elbow river

MASTER PLAN

RIV W

Phase II design

NA DI AN

[B]

PA CI FI C

]

,C

[A

]

,C

BO

[A

[D]

EL

Focus site New pedestrian connection

10m

20m

AVE.

[D]

Natural recreation

BOTTOM OF SLOPE

Panorama platform

(Background image from Google Earth)

Climbing wall + all season slide

Garages

tFOCUS SITE (FACING WEST)

PLAY STRUCTURE: AERIAL VIEW FACING WEST

BIRCH GROVE + MIXED USE PATH: VIEW FACING WEST

R AY LW

Major entries

(Background image from Google Earth)

CA

ER

Canadian Pacific Railway Future Light Rail Transit Line

INGLEWOOD

RAMSAY

9TH

.

AV E

RD

H

ER

9T

SPILL

STAMPEDE GROUNDS

AI

Panorama Park is situated in the Ramsay neighborhood of Calgary, Alberta, a gritty place that is full of character, history, and culture. The park transforms an underutilized plot of land left between rail yards and residential development. The design process began with observing and documenting the larger context of Ramsay and Inglewood. The main park design utilizes the existing topography in creating an climbing slope, viewing platform, open space, fire-pit area, and a birch grove. The project brings ecosystem services to an area where the natural landscape is facing pressures of urbanization and exploitation of land desired for real estate.

Adjacent garages

SITE ANALYSIS

Future LRT

Norway spruce row for noise + visual screening

TOP OF SLOPE

Heavy rail

[D] Section of play slope

PR

OG

RA

M

0m

Play space Open program Buffer zone Birch grove

Natural Recreation

pe

G TIN AN PL New trees

g

bin

m

slo

ix ed

us

e

Service road

Betula papyrifera ‘clump’ - Used to provide shade

in summer, gold color in fall, and to add landscape interest in the winter. Native to Alberta.

CU LA TIO CIR

Adelaine st.

PLANTING ABACUS

pa th

Acer saccharinum ‘Silver Cloud’ - A large, hardy

Mixed entry Pedestrian entry Mixed path Pedestrian path

shade tree native to North America. Used for its adaptability and tolerance of drought, and urban pollution.

LIG

HT IN

G

Fire-pit

Birch grove

Picea abies ‘Hillside Upright’ - Evergreen species with deep green needles used for accent and shelter in winter. Low maintenance and tolerant of urban pollution.

+ G

20m

M

N

Cli

Permeable Pavers Concrete New lighting

PA VIN

10m

ELBOW RIVER

Betula ‘Royal Frost’ - Used a an ornamental tree FO

RM

that displays a beautiful contrast between its deep purple foliage and peeling white bark, tolerant of urban conditions.

LA ND

By solidifying and enhancing the unbuilt site, project aims to carve out a space that will remain as a natural oasis in the urban fabric. Emphasis is put on native plantings that create healthy habitats, and enrich biodiversity, along with giving residents an amenity that will bring fresh air, and a connection to nature into the bustling district.The surrounding site context also presents opportunities for the design expand beyond the park site. The connection to the Elbow river will be reinforced through improving pedestrian crossing across spiller road, and widening the pathway down to the river, adjacent to the new Light Rail Transit line. Remediation of old industrial sites next to the river with natural plantings will establish a healthy ecological corridor from the new park site all the way to the river, and allow nature freedom in responding to future changes in climate.

Festuca glauca ‘Pepindale’ - Used for good ground cover in dry areas and erosion control, which is perfect for the dry sloped site. Drought tolerant once established.

Steep slopes Retaining walls

SITE PLAN

SITE FUNCTIONS Garages

Back alley

FIRE PIT: AERIAL VIEW FACING WEST

Panicum virgatum ‘Prairie Sky’ - This native North

American grass is used for planting underneath birch grove, prefers partial shade, and has very low water requirements.

Fire-pit

Birch grove

Pedestrian crossing over 9th. st.

Adelaine st. SE

Existing slope

[C] Section across park to railroad 0m

10m

20m

BIRCH GROVE: VIEW FACING WEST

MIXED USE PATH + FIREPIT: VIEW FACING NORTH-EAST

Jackson Brandt

University of Calgary, Canada


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ELASTIC SUCCESSION

The Bangladesh government plans to relocate all of its factories in Hazaribagh in a very short period of time because of serious pollution problem. The policy cannot solve local environmental problems rapidly and it will bring about unemployment of about 16,000 tanners. The area will be faced with environmental issues left by tanning activities and unemployment problems for a long time. From the perspective of the Elastic Landscape, a series of new problems have been brought about by the reduction of the source of interference. We hope to ease the situation that may exist in other regions through new models and increase the resistance and resilience of the site. We adopt a strategy named simulate secondary succession which applies the concept of secondary succession to the regeneration of regional industries Through the investigation and assessment of the site, we propose a planning strategy for the phased relocation of leather factories, and the orderly introduction of new industries based on jute agriculture during the relocation process. It makes unemployed workers can be involved in the whole construction activities from putting up to educating, which allows the renewal of sites and the differentiation of workersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; skills to proceed simultaneously. In the phased relocation strategy, our specific method: A. A rooftop nursery as a green reserve to implementing the introduction of crops and land remediation at the same time. B. Functional transformation of the core factory area. C.Multidimensional greenway combines with complete industrial chain. D.Organic differentiation of workersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; occupations.

Yuming Liu, Jiehua Lu, Di Tu, Tiantian Zhang Huaqiao University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE DRAINAGE FILTER FOR THE EVERGLADES

# 256 # 256

THE DRAINAGE FILTER FOR THE EVERGLADES

THE DRAINAGE FILTER FOR THE EVERGLADES IMAGINING A NEW BASIN 8

IMAGINING A NEW BASIN 8

To deal with the pollution issue that pose impacts on Everglades water quality, this proposal provides a cost-efficient alternative and improvement to expensive treatment infrastructures in the Everglades. The increased filtration areas are planned on current and future available land. The transformation will happen firstly in public open space to construct the fundamental infrastructure, which also serves an education function to the private sectors who could follow incrementally to further improve the drainage filter system. The strategy doesn’t prohibit ranch-related activities which are the major pollution sources, and function of the original drainage system is maintained as well. In transforming current available lands, living quality is highly improved as we experience the aesthetic value of green infrastructure, which also needs collective efforts from people to help enhance the resilience of the proposed drainage filter system.

TAMED NATURE & ECOSYSTEM RISK

THE POLLUTED WETLAND AND INVASIVE PLANTS

1940

1970

1999

Everglades

With the urban developments, human activities degrades the ecosystem in the Everglades and brings many related issues. One of the issues is that: Water quality has been degraded in large parts of southern Florida by human activities that result in high nutrient concentrations and over-enrichment. Sources of nutrient enrichment of ground water in southern Florida include fertilizer application, storm-water runoff, and wastewater disposal. Nutrients such as nitrate and ammonia present in high concentrations in ground water may pose a threat to human health because most drinking water in southern Florida is from ground-water sources.

1900

Due to the high concentration of nutrients in the Everglades, we have seen a growing trend of invasive species occupying the wetland which threatens the balance of its eco-system.

1400 BC

1913

2000

before 1882

1950

2017

2017

PHASE 1

PHASE 1

VACANT RESIDENTIAL

RIGHT OF WAY

AVAILABLE FOR FUTURE CHANGES

PUBLIC SETBACK

Could current vacant residential lands be planned as a part of filter network?

The Everglades is a wetland preserve in Florida, USA. It provides unique values for local ecosystem and people in surrounding cities. However, with rapid urbanization in last century, the Everglades was artificially drained by canals to give way to increasing development. What used to be the Everglades has been transformed into part of our cities. In the process of urbanization, the water quality of the Everglades has been severely degraded by special industries (such as nursery and ranch) resulting in high nutrient concentration and over-enrichment. As a connected aquifer system, the pollution of the Everglades inversely influences the drinking source for the city. Government are paying tremendous bill for the purification of the Everglades. Intent and Strategy. To deal with the pollution issue that has posed high pressure on water quality, the main concept of this project is to increase the distance between the pollution sources and the Everglades which is calculated along drainage flow routes. Constructed wetlands, swales and vegetated buffers would be applied along the routes, which is an effective and economical alternative and improvement to current water treatment infrastructure in the Everglades.The proposed filtration areas are planned on current and future available land, and the function of the existing drainage system is maintained. The living quality is also improved by the aesthetic value of the landscape infrastructure, which encourages a bottom-up implementation of the resilient system.

Could right of way enhance the connectivity of filter network? Existing

The vacant residential lands are permitted for operation by the government to be part of the proposed drainage filter network.

The history of drainage management of the Everglades

CURRENT DISTANCE

EQUESTRIAN LIFESTYLE ACTIVITIES

INCREASED DISTANCE

from pollution sources to the Everglades

The Pollution Producers

from pollution sources to the Everglades

Designed wetlands would quickly transform existing undeveloped or low valued lands into a highly efficient ‘filter‘ land, where perimeter landscape buffers increase length of the soft waterfront edges. By planting indicated species, the functionality of water treatment would be improved in these areas.

Right of ways permit operation to pass along a specific route through grounds or property belonging to another. In our proposal, they could be fully taken advantage of because of its public ownership and be utilized as a connection corridor that could convey water flow with high concentration of nutrients into our designated wetland filter area. In the meantime, horse trail along these corridors could be planned for tourists to experience in-situ ranch lifestyle to create more economic benefits.

Existing

Nursing and ranching activities in the town of Southwest Ranches

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

Phase 1

12.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Phase 1

6.

Ranch Nursery Nursing and ranching activities have been non-pointed pollution sources. Fertilizers and forages are required for supporting these activities. The macro elements of nitrogen and phosphorus are contained in these products. They would remain in ground soil and stay in the top layer for a long time. Ultimately, they would be drained into canals directly with runoff and flow into the Everglades, threatening its sensitive ecosystems.

Ranch Nursery

STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE BASIN 8

C-11

DISTANCE MATTERS: From Pollution Sources to the Everglades To deal with the pollution issue that has posed great pressure on water quality, the main concept of this project is to increase the distance between the pollution sources and the Everglades which is calculated along drainage flow routes. Constructed wetlands, swales and vegetated buffers would be applied along the routes, which is an effective and economical alternative and improvement to the water treatment infrastructure in the Everglades. The drainage filter system would improve water quality, since most of the suspended solids settle out in standing water and many of the nutrients, oil are filtered out as water moves through the soil. The increased filtration areas are planned on current and future available land. The function of the original drainage system is maintained. In constructing and transforming current available lands, living quality is also highly improved as aesthetic value of new landscape filter system.

FUNDAMENTAL INFRASTRUCTURE Public Available Lands Vacant Land

Right of Way & Easement Area

PHASE 3

PHASE 1 increased distance

existing drainage structure

proposed drainage structure

INFRASTRUCTURE FOR IMPROVEMENT Pollution Producers PUD

Ranches

Nursery

existing condition

VACANT RESIDENTIAL

PUD (PLANNED UNIT DEVELOPMENT) PERIMETER LANDSCAPE BUFFER

POTENTIALS FOR FUTURE SETTLEMENTS

How to further enhance filtration capability in PUD area along lake edges?

How could development happen without interfering filtration functionality while welcoming future settlements?

Certain species are selected for the extended 5 m buffer zone at minimum, which will be soon regulated through codes of ordinances. We take this change as an important eco-experience possibility that makes it flexible and adaptable to future climatic challenges simultaneously. This implementation process could happen incrementally.

Existing

Extraordinary landscape can be achieved through the year viewing from inside of houses. It brings serenity, contemplation and meditation to your life. Thus, don’t hesitate to plant these eco-friendly and beautiful plants in your back yard!

Bearing in mind the fact that more people would settle in suburban areas in Broward County, to meet this expectation of future development, a new type of building not only provide more units but also adaptable to build in wetland area would come onto stage. It provides great views over the open space and it is fun to live in the wetlands. This would be a different experience for you to live in this highly naturalized place and feel proud to take these semi-public space as a bonus for your life.

Phase 1

phase 1

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Phase 1

6.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

Phase 3

Enlarged pre-treatment area in phase 3 phase 2

PHASE 3

NURSERY AREA ENLARGED FILTER AREA

Could the pre-treatment area be improved?

phase 3

Phase 2

Larger proportion of wetlands will be expected to happen in the sites. Eco-friendly types of nursery plants are encouraged to be planted here. Current Drainage Structure:

Proposed Drainage Structure:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

Phase 3

0

500

Existing

Phase 2

Phase 3

Existing

Phase 2

Phase 3

1000 m

Data Source: Basin 8 Nodal Diagram, South Broward Drainage District Facilities Report and Water Control Plan, July 2013, P 229

nursery & ranch available land

Qiwei Song, Meikang Li, Chaoyi Cui University of Toronto


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

RESILIENT SPREAD -ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION DESIGN ALONG THE QINGHAI-TIBET RAILWAY

The Qinghai-Tibet Railway, as a product of urbanization , resulting wave of construction, has created an irreversible crack in the land. This project is located in Golmud City, which is crossed by the Qinghai-Tibet Railway. It is in the initial stage of urbanization. However, there are degradation of pastures and desertification of land, the demand for urban expansion is increasing. Once serious natural disaster arrives, it will suffer major trauma and will be difficult to recover. We choose the most intensified areas of contradiction on both sides of the railway, with a view to softly intervening on the site through resilient means to make development ecologically secure. 2.Issues to be Addressed (1)Desertification (2)Recover ecologically by resilient means in a fragile environment (3)Take the economic benefits into account while reconstructing the landscape (4)Sustainable development of landscape ecology and resistance to unknown natural disasters 3.Main Features and Innovations (1)Using â&#x20AC;&#x153;root--branches--tipsâ&#x20AC;? as a prototype to organize a spread belt with expansion force centered on the railway, and a root-like retaining wall to achieve wind-blocking and sand-fixing (2) The use of fixed sandy soil for vegetation restoration and Tibetan medicine cultivation. There is elasticity cycle regulation between vegetation. Creatively proposes a dual landscape and economic recovery strategy for the sustainable development of agriculture, animal husbandry and medicine. (3)Focus not only on the current status of the site, but also anticipate the occurrence of desertification in the future to make it resilient. (4)The project has phase integrity and implementability, natural evolution and human participation combined to form an organism that is in harmony with the environment

Shen Bosong, Li Jiajia, Ai HuiYing, Fang Chenxuan, Lv Jingyi

Qingdao University of Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

CO-EXISTENCE

BASIC INFORMATION NATURAL EFFECT ON CITY

Wetland Lost [1]

Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, the urbanization process has been globally rocketed. On the one hand, the rapid accumulation of urban population and socialeconomic activities has caused great damage to our global ecosystem. On the other hand, hydrological, climatological, geophysical and meteorological disasters are the heavy prices that we human society has paid for. Among them, hydrological disasters are most frequent and closely related to human life. Different from traditional hydrological strategies, we encourage cities to use their original capacity from natural system to absorb the energy of natural disasters and transfer it into sustainable resources conducive to urban life. In this project, we chose Thamesmead (a London district built on original marshland that has been subject to flooding from the regional climate and River Thames for years) as a pilot project. By transforming the existing public spaces in the process of urban renewal and simulating the ecological structure of original marshlands, we could build a district-wide hydrological buffer system by accumulating all public spaces as a whole. This would also provide a multiple and diverse environment to bring people closer to nature. We hope that our concept can reverse the stereotype of how people deal with natural disasters around the world, and become an exemplary design method for addressing similar problems in the future. As a result, the symbiosis between human and nature is achieved.

Impermeable Material Coverage [1]

50%

50%

wetlands has been urbanized

73%

73%

72%

72%

58%

58%

inland wetlands has disappeared

coastal wetlands has disappeared

45%

45%

30%

30%

Urban Effect on Runoff

Uneven Heat Distribution

ground surface of residential area

62%

62%

Urban Effect on Rainfall

ground surface of city center

Uneven Precipitation

Uneven

ground surface of suburb

Airflow

Source of Pollution

Deteriorated by urban construction

Acid Rain

Deteriorated by artificial canal

Surface

Deteriorated by natural river destruction

Sewage

Deteriorated

ground surface of rural area

by water pollution

NATURAL EFFECT ON CITY Flood Frequency [2]

Global Flood Distribution [3] 1987-2017

2005(172)

1985(122) 1995(98)

2015(108)

2016.12 England 2014.05 Southeast Europe

2010.05 China

Effect Trend [4]

3

2011.10 Southeast Asia 2011.12 Philippines

2010.04 Brazil

Times

High Rainfall Area

2015.06 India

by 2030

Around 21,000,000 people are exposed to flood risk every year, costing 81,200,000,000 US dollar. However, these figures are expected to triple by 2030.

2016

2016

2012

2012

Hydrological Climatological Meteorological Geophysical

Hydrological Climatological Meteorological Geophysical

Site in flood risk Site in other risk

Affected Population [5]

Economic Damage [5]

Endangered Heritage [6]

From 2012 to 2016, total population affected by natural disaster was 1,024,000,000, in which hydrological disaster has accounted for 24.7%. Just in 2016, there were 5092 deaths and 146,000,000 people displaced due to hydrological disaster.

From 2012 to 2016, the average annual damage cauesd by natural disaster reached 115,000,000,000 US dollar, in which hydrological disaster has accounted for 34.1%.

By 2010, a report from UNESCO featured 26 case studies out of the 830 sites in dangers of natural disaster on the UNESCO's World Heritage List. 16 of them were suffered from flooding, including the city of London. 01

13

Ze Jiang, Luye Zhang, Yizhou Liu, Kongpang Ng Cardiff University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

JUST FOR PANDAS

- CREATING RESILIENT HABITATS FOR PANDAS IN SOUTHERN AREA OF MINSHAN MOUNTAINS

Most of the existing studies of resilient landscapes are aimed at a city, a society, or the resilience of human beings. However,our design, from the perspective of rare wild animals, takes the favorite pandas for example to create an resilient habitat for them , we design just for pandas. Our design gets its innovativeness from creating resilience aiming at another subject , in the prevention of disasters, resistance to disasters and the recovery these three aspects, we put forward various specific problems faced by pandas nowadays, and then from the study of the behavioral activities of the pandas, the building of suitable habitat and the reference as well as improvement of the national public garden system , we also put forward the pertinent measures and suggestions. We believe that through this design, we can make use of the resilient landscape to create a resilient natural area for wild animals such as pandas, to minimize the impact of human and natural disasters, so as to achieve the protection of the pandas and to help its natural reproduction.

Fan Bingqing, Li Shuaixin, Deng Jinglin, Song Yunhui

Sichuan University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

DISSOLVE THE FIRE

In December 2017, the Thomas Fire caused tremendous damage in California. Accordingly, we hope to create a resilient landscape between the natural forest and the cities to reduce losses. First, according to the Central Place Theory, we design three service radiuses from the first level to the third level. They establish fire control zones with different levels of intensity, which seem as buffer zones between cities and forests. Secondly, this program proposes three improved design based on different fire prevention strategies including intelligent planting devices, animal protection devices and water collection devices. Intelligent Planting Devices has a system of sowing seeds and a system of weather monitoring. Animal Protection Devices are set up near watershed which can attract animals to the refuge during different stages of wildfire. Water Collection Devices are distributed along seasonal river and can store seasonal rainwater, so it can provide water for both sides of the shelter forest. We hope this proposal will fill the gap in the existing fire preventive solutions.

Jingyi Wang, Jing Wu, Jing Sun University of Southern California


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

FREEDOM AND SYMBIOSIS

-THE PLANNING OF NANHU WETLAND PARK

Water is the material for human survival, but excessive water will also cause problems to peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s lives. This project is an elastic landscape designed to solve the flood in Huayang. This project, based on the ecological, cultural, format and form, creates a neighborhood space for rest, movement and communication. It provides convenience for peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s life. It also solves the problem of summer floods, and forms a good ecological elasticity, communication flexibility and commercial elasticity.

YiXuan Xiang, Qing Gou, Qianli Wu, Yuan Chen Sichuan Agricultural University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

EMERALD NECKLACE -RESILIENT LANDSCAPE DESIGN OF JIUZHAIGOU VALLEY CENTERING ON RESCUE SYSTEM

Jiuzhaigou valley is a world heritage which survived a 7.0 earthquake in 08.08.2017.The wonderland was terrifily destoried,buildings was ruined and the roads were callasped by rockfall.Worst of all,many priceless natural landscape was also disappeared .After a series of analysis ranging from site to humanistic culture,we came out the solution 4R stratages(Relief Ready Response Recovery)to against the damage brought by earthquake. The new way aims to improve the road system,alarm system,recovery system as well as three different types of shelters in order to protect the natural environment and people. The shelters connected in series in the entire scenic area through the improved escape channel. Their different service scopes intersect with each other and eventually completely cover the entire scenic area.Whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s more,these shelters are not only shelters but also places which can provide local people,tourists various kinds of activies in normal days like restingă&#x20AC; .They are decorated with different landscape technique which makes it look like a emeral necklace in the wonderland. Another merit is using ziplines to connect two one-way roads isolated by mountains.In this way,we make the road form a loop system while do no harm to the nature. We want to protect this earthly paradise through the way which respect humane and nature, just make the emeral necklace a protector to the wonderland.

Deng Xian, Shen Jian, Gao Yayun, Gao Qun Sichuan University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

HEALTH + RESILIENT AGING COMMUNITY

The plan is based on the outbreak of Chinaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s silver tsunami. With the most serious aging, and the most thorough family planning, there are a large number of one-child families in the traditional Lilong community located in the center of Shanghai is the object of study. Serious air pollution are caused by rapid urbanization . Pollutants in the air are carriers of the virus. Older people are susceptible, and the highly densely populated communities they live in are often surrounded by tall buildings. Poor ventilation conditions make it easy to accumulate large amounts of dust, which let lilong community become pathogenic space and cause the rapid spread of the disease, especially the outbreak of influenza,We urgently need to build resilient communities to deal with these risks so that they can maintain normal and healthy operations when the risks come. Before the influenza outbreak, the program encouraged the elderly to have healthy outdoor activities to increase their immunity. When influenza comes, program stopped pathogens and cut off dust transmission routes. We investigated regions where people are often active, designed space formed microclimate for activities, which can reduce the risk of susceptible populations being exposed to pathogenic space. the plan set the garden within garden which can help people recover according to the walking distance of the elderly, so that the community can quickly return to normal operating conditions and finally the city can quickly adapt to this demographic change and develop steadily.

Siqi Chen, Ruiying Yang Zhengzhou University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY ADVANTAGE ANALYSE

FLOOD ANALYSE

REACTION

sto

The Sustainable Development of Hengmen Waterway

m

ORYCA H IS T L

igra

ti o n

e

S

DEVELOP

SUSTAINABLE

n gji Sa

M

Ind

NO

us

I

t ri

a

CA

L

Bi o

log

y

ral

Location

ic u ltu

1883 Estuary

Agr

SITE

WEAKNESSES

REACTION

l

DYNAMIC GROWING

S hip

Fis h P on d

B ir d m

SAFE

S

STRENGTH

HISTORY

History

In ZhongShan City

sand ecavation

In China

sand ecavation

1999 Began to bulid

The Site

1)The River Evolution In order to obtain moe land,People fill the sea ,so that,the shape of Hengmen Island is changing from 1883 to now.And fill the sea cause the width of Hengmen Waterway narrower.More water,narrower waterway cause this area is always flooding. 2)The Seawater Intrusion With the rapid development of city,people need more water to produce and live.Domestic water is needed more,and water storage is less.Thus, the level of the Pearl River is lower. When the level of river is lower than that of sea,the saltwater will intrude in.The saltwater intrusion will affect freshwater,and agriculture and fishery also will be affected. 3)The Flood Hengmen Waterway is located in Zhongshan where the climate is Subtropical monsoon climate.Lots of rainfall and typhoon is its geographical features.Thus,the floods happen in each year and drown the land,destroying the village. 4)Industry Agriculture and fishery are the main industry in Hengmen.There are lot of Mulberry fish pond here which is a great advantage to store water and purify water.But the problems above,lots of lands are declining and amounts of farmer are laid-off.This area is declining.

Cu

Su n Z ho n gs ha n

la g

ECO

This project is located in Cuiheng New district,Zhongshan ,Guangdong province in China.It is located at the saltwater interchange of Hengmen Waterway at the Pearl River estuary.It includes the waterway of Ximen Gate West Channel,mangrove forests,marshes on both sides of the waterway.

resilient activation:

REACTION

vil

L O GIC AL

-THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF HENGMEN WATERWAY

The Henmen Waterway is affected by typhoon all the year round. Accompanying the typhoon,a large amount of precipitation are coming .Strong wind speed and floods,resulting in a large number of the local residents. The site elevation is from 0.2m to 1.8m,and the flood level is from 0.48m to 1.24m in 5 to 20 years,as well as, the flood level is from 1.25m to 1.5m in 20 to 50 years.Flood that is not likely to happen in 50 years,the level is above 1.5m.

O EC

RESILIENT ACTIVATION

In GuangDong Province

people

Ecology

Economy

2015 Buliding

The project is located in Cuiheng New District, Zhongshan, Guangdong Province. It is located at the saltwater interchange of the Hengmen Waterway at the Pearl River estuary. It includes the waterways of the Ximen Gate West Channel, mangrove forests, marshes on both sides of the waterway, agricultural planting areas, and beach wetlands.

BACKGROUND

destroy fishery destroy habitat

2003

1991

Death toll ratio

3.3%

35.15%

Area ratio of affected area

67.5% 3.37%

43.68%

0.6%

Flood Rainfall

59.42%

1.1%

Block flood

Landing frequency

Typhoon

Ground average GDP

7.65%

44.13%

8.66%

31.64%

7.65%

43.12%

Strong wind

Collapsing house ratio

100 years

30 years

10 years

now

The land area on the both sides of the Hengmen waterway is constantly changing.In order to obtain more land, people fill the sea. The area of Hengmen Waterway is continuously shrinking, and the riverbed is continuously declining, triggering a series of adverse consequences.

The Seawater Intrusion

Submergence of farmland ratio

11% 31.46%

45.12% 12.76%

Direct economic loss ratio Population density

10%

14% 32.16%

13.4%

9.73%

12.16%

wind energy

21.67%

22.4%

Per capita GDP

threaten fishery

sand excavation

ECONOMIC STRUCTURE The secondary industry

2005 7.48% 2.31%

The tertiary industry

2015

2010

Water pollution The water quality is deteriorating due to industrial and ship pollution.

15.08%

2.8%

environment recovery

47.4%

Wholesale and retail industry Accommodation and catering

domestic water increasion

39.38%

Construction 5.61%

16.25%

35.78%

7.98% 18.42%

16.25%

Other

AGRICULTURAL POPULATION

2005

2010

2015

Planting Animal Husbandry Forestry Fisheries 1436593 rural population

625319 rural population

situation

purify water

proposal

Question and present situation

19.3%

6.72%

10.9%

farmer happiness destroy land and soil

5.31%

23.1%

Industry

river level decrease saltwater intrusion

2.3%

10.91%

3.52%

Farming industry

Communications and transportation

the highest level iin dry reason the highest level iin normal reason the highest level iin wet reason

3.2%

loss reduction finance increase

Destroy houses

The primary industry

In dry season (from November to March of next year), rainfall accounts for only 13.7% of the total annual rainfall. Because of the sharp decrease in upstream water, the cross gate waterway will form seawater intrusion.

laid-off

2017

1%

48.9%

1.3%

22.6%

Mortality

financial loss

PROBLEM ANALYSIS

ECONOMIC ANALYSE ECONOMIC LOSS

The River Evolution

381371 rural population

1.Typhoon happens each year during June to September. 2.The salt water salinizes the land. 3.Agricultural degradation 4.Water pollution.Industry and agriculture increase water-use. How to do According to these questions, we would like to... 1. Typhoon. We canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t protect it happened but we can utilize it. 2.Flood. Floods cause a lot of economic losses, but at the same time, they are good for ecology. 3.Saltwater intrusion. In order to ensure peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s living, we have to purify and utilize saltwater. 4.River.we need to follow the law of river to renew this area.

Xiaohui Lu, Yinmei Cai, Min Lai, Yuxue Wang

South China University of Technology, South China University of Agriculture


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE EARTHENMIGHT

1. The Status The site is the largest reservoir in the Western Cape Town, South Africa. The water level of the reservoir has been gradually reduced Since 2013. It is conformed that the city will no longer be able to draw water from the reservoir and also become the world’s first water-cutting country. 2. Design Ideas The main causes of the reservoir drought: • The capacity of rainfall has decreased every year. • The water system of Cape Town has a simple structure and related to the reservoir. In addition, the terrain and vegetation also have a impact on the reservoir’s water storage. we consider a ecological and natural way to restore the reservoir’s water in order to fundamentally solve the problem. 3. The strategies The following three measures to improve the reservoir: • Earth landscape ①The reservoir is topographically modified to form a variable large number of water collection pits. ②To put a water collection tower on the pit to collect the water vapor and rainwater in the atmosphere; ③choose plants which can improve the soil at the bottom of the pit; • Collecting wells ①Using a water conservancy to make full use of groundwater resources; ②To set the valve system to balance the water volume. ③The water collected to supplement the reservoir and agricultural irrigation. •Activity space and vegetation choice ①the modular combined plates to provide different space for residents ②plant local vegetation species adapt to different habitats.

Yanni Chen, Kunyi Zhang, Yuanqing Yang, Jialiang Xue Chongqing Jiaotong University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

SPACE CHANGE TIME

The design plot is located in the Tajma region of Bolivia, where long-term monoculture of Coca (Coca is a raw material for cocaine and Bolivia is allowed to grow, but production of drugs is not allowed) has led to loss of soil fertility; in recent years,Coca has continued to expand its acreage. It also led to the expansion of the area of deforestation and caused soil erosion. We mainly propose solutions to the problems of soil fertility loss and soil erosion in the region. For the loss of soil fertility, we propose the filling of coke residue, crop rotation and intercropping, etc. For soil erosion, we propose a stepped catchment and solid soil, and a rainforest rhombus. Block cutting and so on. We also hope that through our measures, we can appropriately raise the standard of living of local residents.

Wenxiang Li, Zhuolin Wu, Sicheng Chen, Xinghua Zeng Chongqing Jiaotong University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

METROPOLITAN PARLOR -

RECONSTRU CTION OF SPACE LAN DSCAPE U N DER CHONGQI NG'S RIVERSI DE

The project is located in the waterfront space under the Dashigou Binhe Viaduct in Yuzhong District, Chongqing City. It is an urban riverlevel fluctuating belt along the Riverside Viaduct. It is about 1000m in length, varies in width and width, and has an average width of about 60m. Since the downstream is the Three Gorges Dam, Therefore, the water level in the four seasons changed significantly. The normal water level of 174 meters or less is a section where floods infringe more frequently and should be built in various forms. According to different types of sections, the design flood level and the current conditions will adopt corresponding transformation measures to activate the space under the bridge and strengthen the connection between the “under the bridge” and “waterfront”. As a typical landscape city, Chongqing has a unique mountainous terrain that has made its urban construction more difficult. The Riverside Viaduct solved the contradiction between the unique topography of mountainous cities and urban transportation, but brought many obstacles such as destroying the original riverside landscape and blocking the mountains. Continuation of the ecology, resulting in a large number of urban problems such as lost space, noise, and automobile exhaust. We activated the viaducts and surrounding sites through ecological rebanking, the installation of movable fishing platforms, the installation of solar guides, and a series of fun event spaces. At the same time, we ensured that the viaduct remained in an orderly manner after the opening of the community policy. , High security, and can use limited urban space to continue to serve people.

Zhao Juan, Yao Lu, He Li, Li Meijia, Chen Na

College of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Southwest University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

GO MOSQUITOES, GO

Our design is an ecological landscape designed for solving problems caused by mosquitoes in the Ngao River Basin,which is our design field.There are huge number of mosquitoes spread almost all over the chosen site,causing residents and livestocks infect with the virus and also influence the local economy.Therefore we are planning to build three defensive lines in ecological ways for local villages to resist the invasion of huge number of mosquitoes. The first line is in residents’area.We hope to reduce the low-lying environment of mosquito breeding by planning drainage system to drain away village sewage and rainwater emissions.We also design mosquito -repellent lamps,insects and plants and combine them with the local landscape,not only for mosquitorepellenting,but also for landscape viewing. The whole biological system can improve the hot and humid weather as well; the second line is in the field area.It is a combination of mosquito-repellent plants and local commercial crops,and also some mosquitorepellent insects to rich biological diversity;the third line is to build groves on the periphery of the residents’ area to bring in the wind , to reduce steam in the air. Through these strategies,we put mosquitoes into the villages as an entry point and set up three barriers for the invasion of mosquitoes, aiming at reducing the number of mosquitoes, improving the environment of villages and towns, and improving the economic development. Our aim is to enhance residents’ living quality,reduce the infection rate of different virus caused by mosquitoes and balance the mosquitoes’ quantities.Also improve the local economy through these three defensive lines.

Chunmei Lei, Nanqi Wang, Shuang Liang, Bei Zhou Chongqing Jiaotong University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

21 GUNS

The usual resilient landscape refers to the destruction of the original site due to the influence of natural or human activities ďź&#x152; which one could be repaired and constructed through artificial design. Project Introduction: We have chosen the University of Pennsylvania as an example to enhance the defensive and curative nature of the space or space through the landscape approach. To create a campus resilient landscape that is applicable to open blocks,in response to frequent incidents of violence.But in recent years,some parts of the world have witnessed frequent terrorist incident,causing numerous casualties.Therefore,in the spirit of peopleoriented,we hope to create a beautiful-healingdefense as one of the resilient landscape.

Hao Wang, Peipei Lang, Xiao Yin, Jianghuai Wang, Lu li Chongqing Jiaotong University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

INNOVATIVE RESILIENT LANDSCAPE AND BUILDINGS 1.Problem finding: Da Lian coastaline has been destroyed hardly and constructed many buildings which is terrible for its environment and sustainable development.Choosing Ling Shui coastaline in Da Lian city as a research example.The destroy mainly follows these reasons: Man-made destruction: Dumping of domestic waste; Excessive hunting... Industrial pollution: Oil spill; Sewage disposal; Heavy metal outflow; Invade the coast... Construction destruction: Urban Planning; Architecture; Roads and bridges ... Natural destruction: Climate change; Regularity; Natural renewable... 2.Strategy for saving it: High technology: Water purification; Desalination; Zero energy consumption technology... Resilient Landscape: Diverse plants; Diverse marine animals; Overall site design 3.Resilient Landscape: Plants configuration: According to the local situation , colors, seasons and function... Marine animals: Original fishes and other marine lives Positive terrain 4.Architecture: Architecture for water purification and desalination Beautiful shape according the shape of the coastal line Architecture is one part of the terrain

Wei Yun

Da Lian University of Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY Each of the processes that have fundamentally reshaped this landscape are revealed to visitors through a carefully sequenced landscape narrative.

FRACTURE

Explore Observation Tower

: NARRATIVE + PERCEPTION IN NORTHERN RESIDUAL LANDSCAPES Seismic Exploration

60% of lines (legacy and low impact) do not recover within 35 years of being cut

heights of >3m TheVegetation initial exploration process maps the considered regenerated subsurface geology, identifying key drill targets. This results in linear corridors cut through the boreal forest - revealed by creating an elevated spiral observation tower (Explore Observation Tower).

Seismic exploration lines

Vegetation heights of >1m affect predator movement Average time to recovery

Extraction

Convey/Consume

The primary form of extraction in this area is fracking for natural gas, creating large well pads and phenomenal volumes of wastewater. Visitors can immerse themselves in a geothermal pool, heated with geothermal energy extracted by a converted former oil or gas drill site. The volume of water in the pool equates to the volume of wastewater returned to the surface over the lifetime of one natural gas well (Extract Geothermal Pool).

Extracted fuel is taken from the site to the point of refinement and consumption via pipelines that extend out across the landscape. Rather than screen the highway and associated fossil fuel consumption from view, the proposed highway crossing highlights these views, focusing the gaze of visitors (Convey Highway Crossing).

Vegetation height thresholds

112 years

Explore Observation Tower Section 1:400

FRACTURE examines our complex relationships to residual energy landscapes in the north, framed primarily through the lens of the traveler. Focusing on the landscape along the Alaska Highway in northeastern British Columbia, this design re-envisions the “non-place” of the industrial roadside as a place of experiential connection, highlighting the heavily fragmented boreal forest left behind by decades of intensive resource extraction. FRACTURE draws the public into the narrative, tracing back to the initial byproduct of this extraction: seismic exploration lines. With projected recovery times of over 100 years in sensitive ecosystems, these lines have a monumental impact. As we look toward a future that embraces new forms of energy, this project encourages a reimagining of the transfigured landscape, exploring novel ways in which industry and public use can co-exist while working toward landscape recovery. From a geothermal pool that is heated by repurposing existing oil and natural gas wells, to an observation tower that reveals the monumental extent of the fragmented landscape, FRACTURE invites visitors to consider their own relationship to the energy they consume in their everyday lives. Test plots are proposed for both the upland and lowland areas of the site, enabling researchers to explore methods for improving seismic line recovery, including planting black spruce seedlings and fireweed. By providing a testing ground for management techniques, and an opportunity for visitors to engage with a landscape they have typically been excluded from, FRACTURE works to spark dialogue and critical thinking about the future of energy and rural landscapes.

Type I Undulating cut line - Low Impact Seismic Line Average 1.5-3m wide Dry condition Approximate natural regeneration time: 10-25 years

Type II Undulating cut line - Low Impact Seismic Line Average 1.5-3m wide Wet condition Approximate natural regeneration time: 75-100 years

Type III Straight cut line - Legacy Seismic Line Average 3-5m wide Dry condition Approximate natural regeneration time: 25-50 years

Type IV Straight cut line - Legacy Seismic Line Average 3-5m wide Wet condition Approximate natural regeneration time: 100+ years

Type V Straight cut line - Legacy Seismic Lines Average 8-12m wide Dry condition Approximate natural regeneration time: 50+ years

Type VI Straight cut line - Legacy Seismic Lines Average 8-12m wide Wet condition Approximate natural regeneration time: 100+ years

Convey Highway Crossing

Convey Highway Crossing Section 1:400

Seismic line density in the Peace River Region up Seismic to 10km per line km2density in the Peace River region

Top: 25 year old seismic line in a lowland condition; Bottom: 25 year old seismic line in an upland condition

Seismic line typology diagrams showing evolution over time, from the older wide legacy seismic lines (bottom) to undulating low impact lines (top). Lines in lowland conditions/on wetter sites are less likely to regenerate after disturbance

Extract Geothermal Pool

averages 10 linear kilometers per square kilometer of boreal forest

Overall Site Plan

Extract Geothermal Pool Section 1:400

0m

100m

200m

Site Inventory + Analysis The complex nature of northern energy landscapes led to a detailed site inventory and analysis process that looked at multiple landscape scales. This started with the entire Alaska Highway Corridor, stretching over 2200 kilometers from Dawson Creek in British Columbia, through Yukon, and terminating at Delta Junction in Alaska. The most concentrated area of oil and gas production along the corridor is in the Peace River Regional District (PRRD), which was mapped in detail. From there, a contextual site was defined based on the pacing of travel along the Alaska Highway, and a natural stopping point for travellers. Finally, a project site was defined by a significant legacy seismic line that formed a strong axis with the highway corridor. VEGETATION FIGURE/GROUND

YUKON

Buckinghorse/Badheart Formation Mudstone, siltstone, shale, fine clastic sedimentary rocks Glacial erratics at surface

Buckinghorse/Badheart Formation Mudstone, siltstone, shale, fine clastic sedimentary rocks Glacial erratics at surface +975m

CIRCULATION + INDUSTRY

1:20,000

1:20,000

Disturbed Areas (Minimal regrowth; regrowth of new species)

Pink Mountain Caribou Herd Boundary

Vehicle Circulation - Highway

Undisturbed AreasSikanni

Caribou Footprints Observed on Site

Vehicle Circulation - Primary Resource Roads

Buckinghorse/Badheart Formation Mudstone, siltstone, shale, fine clastic sedimentary rocks Glacial erratics at surface

Formation Sully Formation Sandstone, siltstone, shale, Mudstone, siltstone, shale, coarse clastic sedimentary rocks fine clastic sedimentary rocks Glacial erratics at surface Glacial erratics at surface

Explore Observation Tower Summer perspective

CARIBOU HABITAT

1:20,000

ALASKA

Sikanni Formation Sully Formation Sandstone, siltstone, shale, Mudstone, siltstone, shale, coarse clastic sedimentary rocks fine clastic sedimentary rocks Glacial erratics at surface Glacial erratics at surface

Distant seismic lines

Explore Observation Tower Winter perspective

Upland test plot Natural Gas Pipeline Borrow Pit Site

Vehicle Circulation - Secondary Resource Roads

Inactive Industrial Site

Active Well Site/Pad

Open Water Pit

Linear features and well locations

Project Site +1135.5m

+975m

Sikanni Formation Sully Formation Sandstone, siltstone, shale, Mudstone, siltstone, shale, coarse clastic sedimentary rocks fine clastic sedimentary rocks +1135.5m Glacial erratics at surface Glacial erratics at surface

+865m

TERRAIN + GEOLOGY Surface hydrology, wastewater disposal sites, and borrow pit lakes

+865m

TERRAIN + GEOLOGY

+1135.5m

PRRD Well Site Locations

+975m

BRITISH COLUMBIA

+865m

Buckinghorse/Badheart Formation Mudstone, siltstone, shale, fine clastic sedimentary rocks Glacial erratics at surface

Sikanni Formation Sully Formation Sandstone, siltstone, shale, Mudstone, siltstone, shale, coarse clastic sedimentary rocks fine clastic sedimentary rocks Glacial erratics at surface Glacial erratics at surface

Topography (20m contours)

1:20,000

Beetle Kill (27% dead)

+1135.5m

+975m +865m

Beetle Kill (15% dead)

TERRAIN + GEOLOGY

Beetle Kill (27% dead)

4

16.3

Highway Right-of-Way Maintained grass

Beetle Kill (15% dead)

Buckinghorse/Badheart Formation Mudstone, siltstone, shale, fine clastic sedimentary rocks Glacial erratics at surface

Beetle Kill (27% dead)

Sikanni Formation Sully Formation Sandstone, siltstone, shale, Mudstone, siltstone, shale, coarse clastic sedimentary rocks fine clastic sedimentary rocks Glacial erratics at surface Glacial erratics at surface

Detailed Analysis Site

Treed Broadleaf - Dense Treed Broadleaf - Dense

Beetle Kill (15% dead) Project Site

Treed Mixed - Sparse

Treed Broadleaf - Open

Beetle Kill (Coniferous) - Dense

Treed Coniferous - Dense

Beetle Kill (Coniferous) - Open

Treed Coniferous - Open

Shrub Tall - Dense

Convey Highway Crossing

Treed Coniferous - Sparse

Herb - Forbs

Treed Mixed - Open

Treed Mixed - Open

Extract Geothermal Pool

Perspective travelling north

Perspective looking toward observation tower

Well Site

Wastewater disposal site

+1135.5m

Treed Coniferous - Open Treed Coniferous - Open

Shrub Tall - Dense Shrub Tall - Dense Herb - -Forbs Herb Forbs

TERRAIN + GEOLOGY

PREDOMINANT VEGETATIVE COVER Treed Broadleaf - Dense

Treed Mixed - Open

Beetle Kill (87% dead)

Treed Broadleaf - Open

Treed Coniferous - Open

Highway Right-of-Way Maintained grass

Vehicle Circulation - Highway

Treed Coniferous - Sparse Treed Mixed - Open

Caribou Footprints Observed on Site

Vehicle Circulation - Primary Resource Roads

Natural Gas Pipeline Borrow Pit Site

Vehicle Circulation - Secondary Resource Roads

Inactive Industrial Site

Active Well Site/Pad

Open Water Pit

Observation tower location

Dry/Upland Conditions Wet/Lowland Conditions

Treed Mixed - Sparse

Direction of Water Flow

Beetle Kill (Coniferous) - Dense

Seismic Line Regeneration Potential

Treed Coniferous - Dense

Ridge dividing local drainages

Mason Creek (Sikanni Chief River tributary)

1:20,000

Pink Mountain Caribou Herd Boundary

HYDROLOGY + DRAINAGE

VEGETATION

Hydrology and Drainage Beetle Kill (4% dead)

CIRCULATION + INDUSTRY

1:20,000

Disturbed Areas (Minimal regrowth; regrowth of new species) Undisturbed Areas

Shrub Tall - Dense

Beetle Kill (Coniferous) - Dense Beetle Kill (Coniferous) - Dense Beetle Kill (Coniferous) - Open Beetle Kill (Coniferous) - Open

Treed Coniferous - Sparse

CARIBOU HABITAT

1:20,000

Wet/lowland

Well location

WELL SITE

Treed Mixed - Sparse Treed Mixed - Sparse

Treed Broadleaf - Open

Treed Coniferous - Open

Dry/upland

Project Site -FIGURE/GROUND Vegetation Figure/Ground VEGETATION

Borrow pit

Treed Mixed - Sparse

Treed Coniferous - Dense

Treed Mixed - Open

Treed Broadleaf - Dense

Borrow Pit Lake

Beetle Kill (27% dead)

Ridge dividing local Treed Coniferous - Sparse Treed Coniferous - Sparse Herb - Forbs drainages PREDOMINANT VEGETATIVE Treed COVER Treed Mixed - Open Treed Mixed - Open Mixed - Open

Mason Creek (Sikanni Chief River tributary)

Ridge dividing local drainages

Wastewater Disposal Site

Highway Right-of-Way Maintained grass

Alaska Highway

Treed Broadleaf - Open Beetle Kill (Coniferous) - Dense Treed Broadleaf - Open+975m +865m Treed Coniferous - Dense Treed Coniferous - Dense Beetle Kill (Coniferous) - Open

Treed Broadleaf - Dense

CONTEXTUAL SITE - EXISTING CONDITIONS

Mason CreekAlaska Highway Alignment (Sikanni Chief River tributary)

Contextual Site Beetle Kill (87% dead)

Vegetation PREDOMINANT VEGETATIVE COVER

VEGETATION

km

km

Beetle Kill (4% dead)

VEGETATION

Ridge dividing local drainages Dry/upland

VEGETATION

Orthophoto with boundary of Pink Mountain Caribou herd habitat

PREDOMINANT VEGETATIVE COVER

Beetle Kill (4% dead)

Mason Creek (Sikanni Chief River tributary)

Drainage Divide

Beetle Kill (Coniferous) - Open Shrub Tall - Dense

Very Low Very low

High High

Low Low Treed Mixed - Open Medium Medium

Very High Very High

Herb - Forbs

Stream

Low Impact Lines (1-4m)

Lowland test plot

Legacy Lines (8m+)

Beetle Kill (15% dead) Beetle Kill (27% dead)

Wet/lowland Dry/upland

HYDROLOGY + DRAINAGE

Dry/upland

Wet/lowland

Dry/Upland Conditions

Wet/lowland

Direction of Water Flow

PREDOMINANT VEGETATIVE COVER

Drainage Divide

Dry/Upland Conditions

Treed Broadleaf - Dense

Ridge dividing local drainages

Mason Creek (Sikanni Chief River tributary)

Wet/Lowland Conditions

HYDROLOGY + DRAINAGE

VEGETATION

Wet/Lowland Conditions

Stream HYDROLOGY + DRAINAGE

Low Impact Lines (1-4m) Legacy Lines (8m+)

SEISMIC LINES/SIGHT LINES REGENERATION POTENTIAL

Dry/Upland Conditions Wet/Lowland Conditions

Treed Mixed - Sparse

Treed Broadleaf - Open

Beetle Kill (Coniferous) - Dense

Treed Coniferous - Dense

Beetle Kill (Coniferous) - Open

Treed Coniferous - Open

Shrub Tall - Dense

Treed Coniferous - Sparse

Herb - Forbs

Treed Mixed - Open

Treed Mixed - Open

Very Low

High

Direction of Water Flow

Low

Very High

Drainage Divide

Medium

Roadside meadow planting

Stream

Low Impact Lines (1-4m) Legacy Lines (8m+)

Direction of Water Flow Drainage Divide Stream

Low Impact Lines (1-4m)

9

Dry/upland

Legacy Lines (8m+)

Wet/lowland

5 HYDROLOGY + DRAINAGE

Wet/Lowland Conditions

Very Low

High

Direction of Water Flow

Low

Very High

Very Low

High Very High

KEY VIEWS

REGENERATION POTENTIAL

Dry/Upland Conditions

Low

1

SEISMIC LINES/SIGHT LINES

SEISMIC LINES/SIGHT LINES REGENERATION POTENTIAL

Drainage Divide

8

Stream

“Connect” Node location Views from upper node

4

Views from central node

Medium

Views from lower node

7

Low Impact Lines (1-4m)

1. Active drill site with settling pond (1.1 km) 2. Wetland (~ 2.7 km)

Medium

3. Rocky Mountain foothills and distant seismic lines (~25 km) 4. Highway Corridor

Legacy Lines (8m+)

SEISMIC LINES/SIGHT LINES

5. Main Seismic Line

6

REGENERATION POTENTIAL Very Low

High

Low

Very High

9

1

SEISMIC LINES/SIGHT LINES

KEY VIEWS

REGENERATION POTENTIAL

1 8

“Connect” Node location

Very Low

High

Low

Very High

Views from upper node

4

Views from central node

Medium

Views from lower node

7

KEY VIEWS

1. Active drill site with settling pond (1.1 km) 2. Wetland (~ 2.7 km) 3. Rocky Mountain foothills and distant seismic lines (~25 km) 4. Highway Corridor

“Connect” Node location

5. Main Seismic Line

5

Views from upper node

4

1 KEY VIEWS

6

Views from central node Views from lower node

7

4 6

2

3. Rocky Mountain foothills and distant seismic lines (~25 km) 5 4. Highway Corridor

Views from central node

5. Main Seismic Line

Views from lower node

6. Wetland (~ 2 km) 7. Active Drill Site/Well Pad (1.5 km)

9. Mason Creek (0.2 - 0.3 km)

1. Active drill site with settling pond (1.1 km)

Views from upper node

2

8. Pink Mountain Provincial Park (~20 km)

9

2. Wetland (~ 2.7 km) “Connect” Node location

6. Wetland (~ 2 km) 7. Active Drill Site/Well Pad (1.5 km)

9. Mason Creek (0.2 - 0.3 km)

5

5

2

8. Pink Mountain Provincial Park (~20 km)

9

Medium

9

8

Beetle Kill (15% dead)

Axis Location

Contextual Site

Highway Right-of-Way Maintained grass

Beetle Kill (87% dead)

Beetle Kill (87% dead)

8

Highway Right-of-Way Maintained grass

Project Site - Key Axes/Intersections KEY AXES/INTERSECTIONS

TERRAIN + GEOLOGY

Beetle Kill (4% dead)

Beetle Kill (4% dead)

Beetle Kill (87% dead)

6. Wetland (~ 2 km) 7. Active Drill Site/Well Pad (1.5 km)

1 KEY VIEWS “Connect” Node location

Alix MacKay

University of British Columbia


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

EVIL'S GOLD

The Kawah Ijen volcano has gradually become the representative of the regional volcano culture of Java based on its magnificent volcanic landscape and precious mineral resources. However, the highly acid lakes with pH value of 0.5 in the crater make it like the evilâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s gold. In 1921, a dam was built to regulate permeation but failed, unexpectedly highly acid Banyupait-Banyuputih River formed. This river destroyed the ecological environment, threatened peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s safety, and caused great pressure to the economic industries. Our design is to construct a natural-circulation, sustainable-adaptation and multi-functional pond landscape system around BanyupaitBanyuputih River which can respect nature, protect ecological environment and play economic benefits. This system respect nature by retaining the symbol and activity of the volcano, and injecting new vitality for its development. Meanwhile, it will neatly deal with various activities of volcano by using local agricultural wastes and topographic catchment to help realize the neutralization and dilution process in the highly acid Banyupait-Banyuputih River, thus forming stable natural ecological environment. The pond landscape system will also promote diverse and organic industrial structure to create greater economic by integrating agriculture, planting and tourism. In the future, we wish the pond landscape system will take the initiative to create more positive benefits, addressing abroad range of safe, history, ecology and economy, thus promoting the sustainable common development of human and environment.

Hu Nan, Hu Shengjie, Wang Ruiqi, Zhao Renjing, Zhong Shu Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

INDUSTRIAL METABOLISM

The project is located in Wuxi, China, Wuxi is a traditional industrial city, because of over-reliance on industrial survival, resulting in two canals and the adjacent Taihu Lake has received varying degrees of pollution. Through in-depth investigation, I found that in recent years Wuxiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s High-tech electronics industry has developed rapidly, and the government is also interested in vigorously develop the electronics industry, while closing some heavy polluting factories. Wuxi will vigorously develop High-tech electronics industry in the next 20 years. Also, I found that the peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s demand for High-tech industries is also getting higher, but Wuxi is a city resident population has been lost, although vigorously develop High-tech industries, but can not retain Hightech industry talent. Above all, a key aspect of my concept has been to attached to the existing high-tech electronics industry, and create a tech town circle with ecological benefits to replace the original polluting industries. At the same time, it is hoped that through these new high-tech towns, we can absorb the surplus labor force due to the shutdown of polluting factories. So these tech towns can through industrial metabolism to have more resilience to meet the needs of people and nature.

Wu Junyi

China Academy of Art


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

NATURE ACTING FOR RESILIENCE

The site is located in the Can Tho, the Mekong delta region, in Vietnam,which is in the riverside with poor erosional soil and partly collapsed river bank.The project aims to solve the problem of land collapse caused by local urbanization,such as the Dam construction,the groundwater exploitation, and the river sand mining industry.The Project characteristics is that using the river and the materials and present conditions locally to make nature act for resilience, so as to reach a better ecology, achieve the industrial transformation, improve the quality of life,improve the quality of landscape, and make the place to a growing better balance.

Ju Chuning, Song Jie, Dai Shuxin, Kang Jiaqi, Lizhou Ya Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE REBIRTH OF A SEASIDE VILLAGE

Our project â&#x20AC;&#x153;the Rebirth of a Seaside Villageâ&#x20AC;? aims at exploring the problem that how to reduce the impact of extreme weather conditions (typhoon and seasonal drought), strengthen the flexibility of the landscape when facing natural disasters, use the locationspecific features of the project site for all aspects of development and changing purely technical way of thinking to deal with disasters. Main characteristics and innovations: We innovatively modified and used the original traditional elements such as fishing rafts, adopted a modular transformation method, enabled the project to be extended to the similar regional reconstruction of Leizhou Peninsula, and accelerated the industrial transformation of the project site. The adaptability of the landscape to the disasters will be improved, the economic development of the region will also be promoted and the environment will get better by this project.

Luoyan, Li Yingyuan, Liang Hao, Lin Wanying, Zou Zhiqing South China Agricultural University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

RELIVE AND ALIVE A SCHEME FOR NATIVE TO CONVERT E-WASTE In social ecosystem, resilience refers to the adaptability, transformability and sustainability create d by local residents, which can be used to solve disturbance arisen with social development. Accompanying the unprecedented advancement that the third industrial revolution and globaliz ation have brought to society is the dumping of E-waste. As a consequence, certainc social e cosystems are seriously undermined. The site, a scrapyard named Agbogbloshie, is located in Accra, Ghana, Africa. Due to the conflic t between its value and threat, E-waste has given rise to various problems such as environmental p ollution, energy scarcity, diseases and so forth in Agobogbloshie, however it create a relatively i ndependent community. This proposal formulates some strategies to help residents build a community. Residents, as the cor e of the community system, use E-waste to establish a resilient community system. The proposal pr eserve the site’s original spatial structure and plans to update it gradually. The schemes have f our parts: E-waste recycling and knowledge center, phytomining and environmental restoration, rene wal of living spaces, and the introduction of tourism and other new industries. The objectives are a s follows: 1. Recycle E-waste to improve the livelihood of local community; 2. Increase the resid ents’ income; 3. Restore the ecological environment in the long run. 4. In the future, it will beco me an electronic knowledge center to demonstrate the harmonious relationship between people an d electronic products and finally awaken people’s awareness of environmental protection and recyc ling E-waste.

Yue Peng Cai, Minzhi Lin, Yi yang, Yuchen Luo Huaqiao University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ALIVE SANDBAR

Kirzlesu River is located on the edge of Kashgar City, northwestern China. The most significant feature of the overall environment is “sandy” : sand in wind and in water constantly threaten the river ecosystem and the urban environment. Especially during the annual flood season, floods carrying large amounts of sand continue to wash the riverbed, making the sandbar constantly changing, and therefore unable to cultivate plants, resulting in a very fragile ecosystem. This design draws on local traditional wisdom to improve the environment by shaping the platform. In addition to flood protection embankment, a sediment storage dam at an angel of 45°is added. Fluid dynamics simulations show that it can create extremely low velocity water area. Therefore, sand settle, resulting in a relatively stable growth trend of sandbars. In this context, the vegetation structure will continue to be enriched, enhancing the stability and resilience of the ecosystem. Besides the sand in water, we design a number of windbreak against the sand in wind, forming many leeward zones inside and outside the river, which is suitable for plant growth. In general, this design addresses the sand in the environment, including sand in wind and in river, and proposes corresponding design strategies: resist and absorb disturbances, transforming flood from a negative disaster into a positive influence. Ultimately, the river ecosystem is developing positively, achieving “revolutionary resilience” and providing a stable landscape recreation space for the city.

Chundong Ma, Huanyu Peng Tongji University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REBUILD THE LOST OASIS

In the process of urbanization and urban sprawl, the canalization and hardening project of the natural river, aiming at controlling flood, is in the ascendant of these cities in China. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; s doomed that river located in north or south faces the situation the hardening and canalization.Is it the only way that river canalization to solve the problem of river flood? Present Rivers: The green and blue base, to maintain its ecological function, with the concept of economical and sustainable environment, which is the current way of rebuilding urban green space and river corridor. we can meet the peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s largest needs by minimal human intervention and the least design and engineering, creating a kind of human and the nature harmonious ecology and humanity space. Xinjin covers an area of 330 square kilometers, with a total population of 31.53 million (2016), a total population of 31.53 million (2016), and a population of 120,000. North street source is 19 kilometers away from downtown Chengdu, is apart from the southwest airport 10 kilometers, Xinjin got its name, phase attack up to now, before 1450 years, as an important material distribution center and transportation hub of western Sichuan, which is economic and technological to radiation in southwest of Sichuan province.

Lianting Liu, Shiyun Chen, Danyi Xu

Xihua University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

SILENCE RECREATION CONTINUE This is a design on the subject of silence·recre ation·continue,which is located in Hechuan District, Chongqing, China, with a site area of approximately 115.6 hectares. Hechuan District is an area under the jurisdiction of Chongqing Municipality and is located in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River and northwest of Chongqing City lying at the junction of the three rivers of the Jialing River, Qujiang River, and Fu River. Each year, the Jialing River flood peak passes through Hechuan, bringing with it severe seasonal floods and causing local Water pollution, soil erosion, and reduced biodiversity,which has greatly affected the development of regional economy. Based on the above issues, we have adopted a series of measures to manage flooding. We use the principle of loop flow to achieve automatic diversion, automatic adjustment of water flow and automatic sand removal, ensuring that the site does not collapse in the rainy season. Sedimentation of silt at the bottom of the river also can be used to develop the sand transportation and sale industry to achieve industrial circulation. With the solution of the flood problem, a series of issues on the site will be resolved, and the biodiversity of the site will gradually increase. At the same time, it will also promote the development of agriculture and tourism, making the regional economy develop rapidly.

Yuanjiao Liu, Ping Lin, Jiarui Qiu, Yinyin Jiang, Tao Zhong Sichuan Agricultural University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ONE DAY, ONE LIFE

With the massive influx of refugees into Germany, German society is facing tremendous pressure from all quarters. Due to huge language and cultural differences and different social issues, the refugee generation is unpopular and even rejected by the locals. Some of them have to protest or violence. Demonstration to seek social status, the integration of the refugee generation and Germany has become difficult. The future of the second generation of refugees is very confused. Therefore, we decided to start from the perspective of children by easing the relationship between refugee children and local children, thus bringing together the refugee groups. The design was unfolded slowly through the day of the refugee children. Through the transformation of the old walls, the organization of the communication between the two regions, the creation of under-forest space, the creation of communitysharing space, and other major measures, the refugees were originally isolated outside the city. The incommunicable forest belt has become a space for refugees to integrate into the local cities. This â&#x20AC;&#x153;Berlin Wallâ&#x20AC;? may have new meanings. In the end, a flexible cycle of culture and mind will be formed to return the children to a beautiful childhood.

Xuyang Liu, Yuqian Tang, Guihua Tian, Min Yang, Yang Liu Chongqing Jiaotong University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REGENERATION OF FOREST RESERVE, PANGKOR ISLAND Regeneration of forest reserve focused on forest resiliency with the sustainable landscape planning and design. Located between both forest reserve in Pangkor Island, Perak, on west coast of Peninsular Malaysia. The forest of the Pangkor Island categorized as High Conservation Value Forest and as a primary forest which the forest has high ecological and social value that more valuable in terms of biodiversity values. Both forest reserve disconnected effect on island biogeography phenomenon, species is difficult to do migration from the central to south forest, also the periodic movement of fauna population, less niche and breeding site. Development separated two forest reserve and inaccessible forest make disengagement with the nature. Conservation of landscape and transformation of rural planning help to provide resilience to challenge like biodiversity loss and decreasing in natural resource. The design goal is to connect both forest reserve by introduce Eco-transit with the low maintenance recycle water system. The retention ponds function as retard water discharge to the existing drainage and also water collector from the bridge and rainwater to pump for irrigation on bridge. The bridge layers with animal and pedestrian movement allow the engagement activities between the people and the nature habitat. Eco-transit brings benefit to the social, environment and economic with innovative new connectivity of forest resiliency provide most ecology diverse on bridge. A complexity function of bridge can support the design with the enhancement of habitat, beside with the improvement of human health and well-being.

Gan Chee Yoong

Universiti Putra Malaysia


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

TEMPERATURE SENSITIVE MARKET

The whole world is facing the problems of urbanization and extreme high temperature. The project is located in Wuhan, one of Chinaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s four hottest city, and is an open-air building materials market. This project studies how to transform the site by means of landscape, so as to cope with extreme hot weather elastically. The scheme is designed to solve the problems of insufficient space, vitality lacked space, air pollution, shortage of energy, heat island effect and other problems caused by vehicle exhaust, industrial dust, extreme high temperature, and vehicle-pedestrian mixed traffic. On the spatial dimension, the four layer stereoscopic ecosystem is constructed; on the time dimension, the elastic strategy to cope with extreme heat is proposed and the natural succession of the time process is simulated.

Zhiyi Wang, Shuqu Shang, Xiaomeng Liu, Xueqing Wu Huazhong University of Science and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards

Headwater

MaeKhong River

Chiang rai

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUN

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

Floodplain area Storm flood event; (2509,2514 B.E)

MaeLua River

3 - 4 months flooded area 5 - 6 months flooded area All-year flooded area River

+364

+364

MaeKhong River

Wiang Nong Lom Basin

INITIATIVE SITE

+365

+364

+366

+367

MaeKhong River

Maelua River

+364

Seasonal hydrological dynamics in the site divides the the basin area in to 3 areas that are different in inundation period; including 3-4 months, 5-6 months and all year flooded areas. MaeKhong River

MaeKhong River

Maelua River

Maelua River

Maelua River

Maekok River

Maekok River

Maekok River

Water flows from surrounded Seasonal fluctuations of Mekhong river and Maekok river flows into hills into the basin in the early rainy the basin through Maelua river which is a tributary of Maekok river.

Mixed Decidous Forest

Wet meadows

Mixed Decidous forest and swamp

mixed shrub

native wetland plant + grass +mixed shrubs

wetland

Leersia hexandra

Cyperus cyperoides

Glochidion hirsutum

Phragmites vallatoria

Thyrsostachys siamensis

Salix tetrasperma

Ludwigia

reduce sedimentation 20-50 m wildlife corridor and effective buffer > 50 m

organic input 10 - 20 m habitat 20 - 50 m

RESTORING WETLANDS AND PROPOSING RIPARIAN - AGRICULTURAL BUFFER

Years 0-5

Maekok River

The proposed riparian buffers between agricultural areas and natural wetlands to compromise the co-existance of human activi-

NONG SLAP

CONNECTIVITY

AGRICULTURE ZONE 2

Year 6-7

WET SEASON AUG - DEC

NONG KRAI WAI

Swamp

Mae Lua River

Communities within Wiang Nong Lom Basin take advantage of the productive landscape. The communitues ,in the early settlement time, have adapted their living to the natural dynamic of the basin. The commuities have their own traditional land-use plans. The hill teracse is suitable for agricultural field, the floodplain is where they can do rice production and fisheries. Within the limitation of natural resources,they have traditional knowledge to get along with the landscape dynamic in different seasons. In wet season (Aug-Dec) with the highest water level they can not do agriculture as much as other season, but they can find plenty of immigrant fishes along the river and flooded area. In dry season (Jan-Apr) the water level is gradually decreasing, fishes still can be found in the river and drainign flooded area. Local forest foraging can be done all year. Their way of living is balancing between human activities on natural resources

Fishery and aquatic herbs foraging along Wet meadows, during wet season Maelua river

people adapt their living to the dynamic of landscapes.

people immigrate into

mix small decidous tree and shrubs

AGRICULTURE ZONE 2

Reconnecting the floodplain through enhancing and restoring the existing agricultural waterways to bringback natural water flows and fish migartion ways in flooded season. PROPOSED AGRICULTURAL LAND USE PLAN

Native Cephalanthus tetrandra community

Changes and 2360 evolution The ethnic group of Yong

stream

mixed large decicous and fruit tree

Maelua River

DRY JAN SEASON - APR

Hillside

- To propose activities to enhance well beings and living sustainably based on landscape dynamic and resource.

mixed shrub or bigger tree which suitable for edge area

Riparian herb and aqatic plants

Native Cephalanthus tetrandra community

Wet meadows

- To propose the adaptive agricultural calender according to season. - To propose althernative way of living, according to landscape dynamics

Native plant examples

grass + forbs

The basin is inundated since early The basin is inundated since early ties and habitats. rainy season (May-June) and the water israiny season (May-Jun) and the water is increasing in flooding season (Aug-Sep). RESTORED FLOODPLAIN increasing in flooded season.

Productive landscape

Wildlife and Vegetation

MaeKhong River

- To plan the water management, according to natural dynamic - To restore wetlands and stream corridors.

Riparian Forest Buffer wetland

Riparian Forest Buffer stream corridor ENHANCE COMMUNITY WELL BEING

ADAPTIVE AGRICULTURAL

restoration and management

MaeKok River

Chiang Sean Lake

Maekok River

2497

They did agriculture, local fishery , baffalo breeding and forest foraging for their livings and sell the surplus products.

2509

An urbanization and industrial development causes changes in the way of living from traditional farming to intensive farming.

2520

According to those changes more wetlands were changed to rice field, also headwater forest was turned to mono-crop field

2540

Deforestation for more Rubber Plantation, pineapple in headwater

Due to more intensive farm and monocrop plantation, the natural resoures was demolising through time......

Year 7 and on

COMMUNITY

AGRICULTURE ZONE 1

NONG LUANG SWAMP

COMMUNITY DOCK

+

+

BUFFALO BREEDING

+

+

COMMUNITY GATHERING SPACE

COMMUNITY BANK SEED

AGRICULTURE ZONE 3

AGRICULTURE AGRICULTURE AGRICULTURE ZONE 3 ZONE 1 ZONE 2 ON 5-6 MONTHS ON HILL TERRACE ON 3-4 MONTHS FLOODPLAIN FLOODPLAIN Implementing the agricultural land-use according to the topography and hydrological pattern in the areas. The proposed land-use plans helps

HEADWATER HILL FOREST

MASTER PLAN Community buffalo breeding and manure fertilizer production

PROPOSED RIPARIAN BUFFER

Prodeuctive landscape Changes

PROPOSED MANAGEMENT CALENDER +366 m +361 m

wetlands

riparian buffer

Maelua river

agricultural land

riparian buffer

The local baffolo breeding area, which can added the manure fertilizer production into the area, to make the community fertilizer with their village which they can sustain temself from buying chemical products

Proposed riparian buffer helps increasing water quality and filtering matters from nearby agricultural field as well as providing habitats for aquatic animals. Riparian buffer also provide food for community with mixed buffer forest and native herbs. The riparian netwprk also provide the shaded spaces for the community circulation, along the river and rice paddy dikes. Early wet season Restored wetland

PROPOSED Dry Season MANAGEMENT CALENDER

+361 m

riparian buffer agricultural land wetlands In this season the community can do rain-fed rice crop as well as fishery in the the wetlands. within the buffer areas, providing buffalo grazing area and wetland herbs finding. Wet season

IRRIGATION

Floodgate Floodgate and Weir

Specific site

TRANSPORTATION

AGRICULTURE

Earthen Wire

Wetland impounment

Wetland Dry-out

Floodplain area All year floodControled area 3 - 4 months Flooded area River

Floodplain disconnecting

Headwater deforestation

Waterflow blockage

Headwater forest lost

Wetlands turn into farmland

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUN

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

Fish migrating into the basin

Native fish spawning

Closed period

NOV

Fish migrating out to Mekong

Closed period Closed period

Closed period

PROPOSED ROTARIONAL AGRICULTURE CALENDER

The changes in way of living from traditional to an intensive agriculture ans fishery cause the biodiversity lost and land degradation. Natural resources in the basin that once was rich and provided food security Restored community to both human and wildlife were exploiting exceeded wetland dock the limitation. Todya, the degraded natural resouces riparian buffer wetlands agricultural land can not provide the ecological service as they were, In this season the water level is too high to do agriculture, but they can do fihery in their agricausing the community to rely on external factors cultural field and wetlands after restored wetlands and floodplain connectivities. Dry wet especially agicultural and food products. season

The influences of urbanization and industrial development causes many development in the area to serve those developments without consideration with the landscape dynamics. Due to those changes, the results are the rapidly degradation of the natural resources of the site, attemption to change andcontrol the dynamic of landscape, also increasing the riparian buffer wetlands agricultural land rate of urbanization in the basin without proper man- In this season, according to the proposal, the communities should do rotational crops to imIntensive farming and agement plan. proving soil. Also, the community can still do fishery in the restored wetlands. chemical usage.

JAN

Dry Season

+366 m +361 m

Wet Season

Agricultural hill terace

Floodgate controled flooded area map

Wet Season

proposed existing fish migration floodgate floodgate period operation operation

DEC

+366 m

low water use plant

Agricultural 3 - 4 months floodplain

PROPOSED Rotation agriculture

low water use plant

rain-fed rice crop

soil improving plants low water use plant

rain-fed rice crop soil improving plants low water use plant rain-fed rice crop soil improving plants fishery on agricultural field

Agricultural 5-6 months floodplain

Local government has constructed roads, retention ponds and a flood gate to serve industrial intensive agricultural practices, regardless of the natural landscape. Thus, these industrial changes lead to biodiversity loss and landscape degradation. The project’s objective is to recreate healthier watershed for community stability and food security. In adapting the water management and ecological service restoration, Landscape Designs is, therefore, divided into three stages. The first stage begins with reconnecting water flows into the basin and creating Riparian Buffer Forest; this stage involves the use of traditional knowledge focusing on water management. The second stage proposes rotation agricultural land use. The final stage is to redesign community social spaces. This project brings about positive changes in ways of living for the locals as well as creates balances between the community and the environment in collaboration with multidisciplinary teams of the government and the communities. With bright prospect of this initiative, Wiang Nong Lom community will be able to live sustainable lives.

ECOLOGICAL SERVICE

From these water sources, they create the hydrological dynamics in site in different seasons.

Mekhong River DEC

“Wiang Nong Lom” is an intermountain basin in Chiang Rai,Thailand. The lowland basin area is in Mekhong sub-watershed. The area is characterized as a floodplain of Maelua river, a tributary of Mekhong river which creates many riverine wetlands all along the site. This floodplain is under the seasonal influences of Mekong river, Maekok and Maelua river.

Wiang Nong Lom, the intermountain basin in Chiang Rai, Thailand, is an important natural resource with evidence of human settlements since pre-historic era. The livelihood of Wiang Nong Lom was based on landscape dynamics. This site is a seasonally intermountain floodplain under the influence of Maelua River, a tributary of Mekong River. The community lifestyles have changed to serve Chiang Rai urbanization and industrial development. The season-based traditional agriculture and fishery has evolved into industrial mono-crop agriculture.

Proposed management policy FOR HEALTHIER WATERSHED

Seasonal flooded area map

Wiang Nong Lom Basin composes of four main water sources, including 1) Natural streams ;running from headwater

Intermountain hilly forest around the site in rainy season Basin 2) Maelua river ; A tributary of Maekok river Maelua River 3) Maekok river Maekok 4) Maekong river River

fish migration period

WHEN FLOWS BRING BACK LIVES BALANCING COMMUNITY AND LANDSCAPE

Balancing Community and Landscape WHEN FLOWS BRING BACK LIVES :Chiang rai, Thailand

Natural water level

UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

Example alternative crops

Zea mays

Brassica oleracea Alboglabra

Sasame

Green Shallot

Green Shallot

Citrullus lanatus

Vigna radiata

Vigna unguiculata

Arachis hypogaea

Vigna unguiculata

Luffa cylindrica

Parangbune Meewasana Chulalongkorn University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

RESILIENT COASTAL HABITAT FOR REFUGEES This competition is focused on Lampedusa, Italy, which used to be famous for its beautiful coastal scenery, but in recent years, because of its geographical location, a tide of refugees came to the island as a stopover for the entry of Europe, caused five major problems on the island, such as ecological carrying capacity crisis, inadequate capacity crisis in urban infrastructure, food supply crisis, water shortage and garbage pollution. In order to prevent, alleviate and adapt to the problems caused by the uncertainty and elasticity of the refugee tide, five design strategies are proposed: 1.building replicable marine modules in the sea space to increase the use of the refugees; 2.on the module, set up floating residence on the basis of the number of refugees; 3.increases elastic planting bed and breeding ponds to get the source of food on the island; 4. rainwater collection and seawater purification; 5. recycling waste material on the island to build a variety of devices. At the same time, because of the constant change in the number of refugees, all kinds of devices can be duplicated and removable, and the ecological, social and economic balance on the island is maintained. In the process of refugee tide and refugee migration, the ecological, social and economic balance of the island is maintained from the change of living, self-sufficiency to ecotourism, and the design model can deal with the coming of the next refugee tide.

Sun Songlin, Rao Chengzhi, Huang Sicheng Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

TICK TACK

“Tick Tack:Let the space of cultural exchange be spread like the ripples created by water, droplets by injecting constantly changing and renewing elastic communication veins into the village.” The project is located in Xiaozhou village, Guangzhou, Guangdong province, China, an ancient village with Lingnan water features. But Xiaozhou village is too crowded to build a special space for communication..What’s more the local population is mixed with the floating population, and there is a lack of opportunities to communicate with each other. We take Xiaozhou village as an example to explore the flexible development of cultural exchange of Urban Village in the rapid urbanization process.And the space of cultural communication will be implanted with the diffusion of point - line - plane..To develop the village culture flexibly and adaptively for community mobility by building landscape space which affects community relationship lastingly.

Ying Hong, Xuan Jiang, Lingyi Cao, Yuying Liu, Shuyu Chen Guangzhou University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

TRIPLE HELIX RIVER MANAGEMENT IN THE LANJIANG As an ancient city, the rise and fall of Lanch’i was because of river. Its flood problem could be alleviated through the design of Tricolor Helix. The Green Helix: Firstly, the overflow area that was part of river’s natural drainage capacity before, which dies down gradually because of the block of hard damming. The design is using the floodplain effect of the river bend to take up the deluge, which to lighten the pressure of the riverway. Secondly, recover river in city as well as farmland area, and to build landscape banks with cascade wetland along the riverside to reinstate its water-holding capacity, as well as improving the landscape environment. Meanwhile, fully utilize the nutrient wetland after flood receded, to develop self-sufficient urban agriculture through replantation industry of the riverside exploitation. The Blue Helix: we decide to solve the problem by the repairation of damaged lake that close to the river, and try to increase the number of new lakes. Furthermore, we take full advantage of the lake’s water-holding capacity to accomplish the shunted design. From blocking the flood to obtain the flood, as well as absorb and utilize with it. The Gray Helix: enhancing the power of water percolation of urban rainfall and adopt the principle of rainfall circulation; which bring about the function of water storage and filtration to the landscape planting.

Siyang Zheng, Zhiying Chen, Yixuan Wang Zhengzhou University of Light Industry


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

CITY OF HOPE

Siyang Zheng, Zhiying Chen, Yixuan Wang,

Renmin University of China


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

BON VOYAGE

The Samburu county, which is located in the northeast Kenya, is a semi-desert district with clear dividing line between rainy seasons and dry seasons. The Samburu people have lived with a nomadic lifestyle which they have traditionally held to be superior compared to the agricultural lifestyle. They migrate with following the water and pasture. However, the extremely climate changes in recent years is making the district become dryer in dry season. This makes the massive reduction of available water and pasture. Meanwhile, the population explosion is putting heavier survival pressure on both Samburu people and their livestock. As a result, the severe drought occurred in Kenya in the early 2017 have caused millions of people suffer in hydropenia, starvation and death. We raised doubts that the traditional Samburu nomadic strategy and technique cannot resolve the problem. We choose one of their nomadic areas with a radius of 20 kilometers, which contains habitat in both rainy seasons and dry seasons as our site. In both habitat, we use new strategy of water managing, planting, living quality improvement. In the same time, we addressed the innovations such as new singing well form, new public space in Manyatta, etc. The goal of this project is to improve the living quality of Samburu people and to help them resist local environmental threats, especially severe drought.

Ke Zhihong, Hu Meifang, Lin Sijun, Wu Jiajun, Zhang Jiaxin South China University of Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE DECK OF NOAH'S ARK

There is a unique ecosystem in the Tonle Sap River,Cambodia,called Seasonal flood.With the expansion of the refugee floating village and industrial development in the surrounding area,a large number of mangroves are cut down and overfishing leads to a variety of species on the verge of extinction.The ecosystem of the Tonle Sap River has been seriously deteriorated .The seasonality of the flood gradually diminished and soil erosion has intensified.The survival of the people living in the Tonle Sap River river basin is threatened. The purpose of the project is to use resilience landscape to alleviate the contradiction between the villagersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; production activities and natural succession process. In order to restore mangrove ecosystems,set up an industrial mode with the core of eco-tourism and guide local villagers and tourists to learn the ecological value of mangrove landscape correctly.We divide the site into mangrove reserves, seasonal farms, reclamation centers,community space.

Xinyi Guo, Wei Ding, Xinying Shi, Yaya Liu

Xiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;An University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

BACK TO ISLAND ADAPTIVE LANDSCAPE FOR THE PONT-GENTIL WATERFRONT (SOUTH-GABON)

BACK TO ISLAND: An adaptive landscape for the Port-Gentil Waterfront 1. SITE ANALYSIS

3. CONSIDERATIONS

Site: Gabon is located in Central Africa, in the Gulf of Guinea, a coast of 850 km and in the South of the country lies the Mandji Island, about 50 km long, which hosts the oil city of Port-Gentil. Basic information: Mandji Island has a low elevation, only 4 m above sea level rise. Coastal geomorphology conducive to submersion and erosion, flooding, intrusion of saline waters into the Ogooué delta.

- The story of the site

We have six Landscape units Artficial islet

Akosso peak

v

Boulevard

Ocean

The Project "Back to Island": An adaptive landscape for the Port Gentil Waterfront is a design project that involves restoring nature as a support for the resilience of the insular territory of Mandji in general and the PortGentil city in particular. Thus, we propose to begin our island protection integrated management strategy by developing a resilient coastal landscape for the city's waterfront.

2. METHODS

Mole Port

Thus, we propose to begin our island protection integrated management strategy by developing a resilient coastal landscape for the city’s waterfront.

It will involve developing tidal marhes that will not only protect the seaside threatened by erosion but also offer a maritime urban park to the Portgentillaise community to bring it closer to its ocean. visitor can follow the circuits of the course on the project make an ecological walk in contact with marine biodiversity and embellish the great wealth of nature long neglected by the man who strives to create a barrier instead of creating bridges between him and his environment his coastal cityscape.

DISASTERS: COASTAL EROSION AND SEA LEVEL RISE

Vieux Port

Petroleum base

“Back to Island”: An adaptive landscape for the Port Gentil waterfront is a design project that involves restoring nature as a support for the resilience of the insular territory of Mandji in general and the Port-Gentil city in particular.

A coastal range of 4 to 40 km long), low and tabular (from 3 to 6 m high, and between 100 and 500 m wide).

Landscape Diagnosis:

Project site

Vieux Port

It will involve developing tidal marhes that will not only protect the seaside threatened by erosion but also offer a maritime urban park to the Portgentillaise community to bring it closer to its ocean. visitor can follow the circuits of the course on the project make an ecological walk in contact with marine biodiversity and embellish the great wealth of nature long neglected by the man who strives to create a barrier instead of creating bridges between him and his environment his coastal cityscape.

The site was in turn the landing point of the Europeans explorers where they erected a colonial coastal area, then with the wharf the body of water became a lumberyard for the export of Okoumé, a tropical specie. 4. CONCEPT: It comes out here from the name of the island. Indeed "Mandji" means "Iroko" "Chlorophora excelsa", in Myene language of Orungu people. This high tree was the orientation of boats.

“The Mandji Design”

From 1982 to 2008, the coastline on Mandji Island declined at a rate of 4m / yr. By 2150, if this rate continues, the ocean will advance for a distance of about 500 m; if it accelerates (10m / year), the beaches will move 1500 m inside the island.

Plants foliage evolution Mar

A population is estimated at more than 100,000 inhabitants, in 2008.

nd

2 District 3rd District

Mar

5. DESIGN APPROACH:

Growing evolution

Oct

The design of the resilient coastal landscape is based here on: -

By the 2050s, it is expected to triple to 315,000 habitants.

Port Gentil City

Oct

The plant with tidal marsh one will have endemic tropical saline plants one will be able to constitute a coastal green infrastructure The mineral: with rocks we will have a support for marine biodiversity Wood: it has a special value for this place we wanted to build a belvedere, a modern translation of the large Mandji tree which was used to see the boats formerly

Marine tides

Page 1

Page 2

Bayong Momha Fritz Noel, Balogog Bassom Andre Michel, Amba Oyon Yannica, Botokok Fabnice University Omar Bongo


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE ADAPTIVE CITY

This project aims to conceptualize and articulate the adaptive city, the city in a state of flux as it responds to changing environmental, programmatic, market, and sociocultural conditions and circumstances in Boston. The project places emphasis on the contingent, the provisional, and the conditional, and to amplify productive instabilities while inventing new types of urban and landscape form. Landscape offers a distinct starting point for the project of city making. On the one hand, landscape has the ability to address and integrate the multiple environmental, infrastructural, social, and scalar challenges at play in urban design. Furthermore, it can also uniquely absorb and hybridize these multiple functions and initiatives in ways that architectureor planning alone cannot. On the other hand, landscape offers operational frameworks and modes of working that emphasize dynamics, change, and improvisation/adaptation-mechanisms that are as much in play in ecosystems as they are in cities. Consequently, my project will use landscape both as medium and as mechanism for testing and prototyping ideas on city making. Rather than understanding them as opposites, it will emphasize connections and hybridizations of urban systems and environmental dynamics. And it will utilize working methodologies that privilege experimentation and iterative modeling-playful and critical prototyping-that could suggest pathways toward new landscape-based approaches to urban form.

Boxiang Yu, Zixuan Tai

Harvard Graduate School of Design


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

LIVING ON THE TREMBLING EARTH

In the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, the disaster ruinously struck the mountain town Yingxiu. It was the deadliest earthquake hit China since , which damaged 87.5% of the construction and 72.3% of the total population was injured. The devastating destructive force of the disaster almost brought the whole town to death in a flash. Now, a decade has passed, the town which had almost been razed to the ground was rebuilt at the very original location. However, the basic environment of new town is still unstable, and the possibility of serious geological disasters is still remained. We must consider that if such catastrophe hit again whether our living environment has enough resilience to survive form the crisis. For this goal, we hope to create a unique landscape geologic emergency tackle system witch can instantly response to geological hazard and play a long-term significant role after the catastrophe. We analyzed the basic elements contained by the regional environment, city and landscape. And we redefined the relationship among the various elements from the perspective of coping with geological disasters. Based on the time line after disaster took place, we set up a landscape system which has the resilience to cope with the different task of emergency disaster avoidance, building up lifelines, city reconstruction and landscape restoration.

Bin He, Chen Xiang, Siyu Wang, Yifan Feng, Liwen Geng Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

SEISMIC ENERGY UTILIZATION

Landscape renovation after earthquake. Problem solving: solve the problem of simple housing use water and use electricity. for people after the earthquake. The main features:The facilities in the landscape have a variety of functions, using rainwater collection and solar power generation and removable housing to meet the basic needs of people after the earthquake, using water and electricity and living.

Yan Mengmeng

Xiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; An Eurasian University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

RITUAL REMEDIATION A SPECULATIVE ATLAS

RITUAL REMEDIATION A SPECULATIVE ATLAS The speculative atlas is an open-sourced guide to an uncertain future. It is the catalyst for grass-roots action and the progenitor of a new resilience. This atlas serves as a roadmap of possibilities by which communities, designers, governments, and institutions can navigate the unpredictable future in real time. Sea level is the datum by which ritual is organized around, not inhibited by. This project responds to the threat of sea level rise in the communities embedded in the marshes of the New Jersey Meadowlands. The atlas is intended to sustain, prolong, and provoke the social infrastructure of the Meadowlands through a series of phases and designed interventions, catalyzing community action and imagination.

IGNITING COMMUNITY IMAGINATION

POVERTY DISTRIBUTION

HOMEOWNER DISTRIBUTION

COMMUNITY PARTNERS

Through distinct insertions and ambiguous provocations about life in the future Meadowlands, we encourage community members to fill in the blanks, writing and enacting their own stories based on our initial excitation. Unfolding in small moments or over decades, these interventions generate a proliferation of futures for the Meadowlands, grown in the generative incubator of rich community dialogue, housed in mascots, prophecies, landmarks, and legends, and engaged with through the practice of everyday rituals. We argue that resiliency and adaptation in the face of climate change cannot be accomplished without the imagination of the communities affected. Through this project we intend to provoke the larger conversation surrounding sea level riseâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;currently dominated by a language of fearâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;by providing this tool for imagining a future of possibility and hopefulness in an uncertain future.

Kirk Gordon, Katie Kelly, Han Yu University of Virginia


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

WC AND

- USE THE ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPE BALANCE TO SOLVE SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN SLUM

This design mainly uses landscape design to solve the problem of toilet in Mumbai slums, and a series of problems caused by the problem of toilet, which is the original purpose of our design. The concept of the ecological toilet is put forward in this landscape design, and the concept of ecological recycling is applied to the toilet, which solves the problems of sanitary environment, energy supply and social crime around the slums, and provides a better and more comfortable living environment for the slums! At the same time, we have made full use of the economic benefits of the landscape, making the ecological toilets a tourist attraction, creating a different and special tourist environment for tourists. It can not only make the tourists feel the real life of the slums, but also give the tourists a different view angle. Through this landscape transformation, we hope that the lives of the poor will become better and better. I hope they have a home of their own.

Tang Ziheng, Yuan Hanlin, Cheng Xuefeng, Xu Xianwen Chongqing Jiaotong University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

HEAT EFFECTLOOK FOR THE WAY FOR NEW DELHI TO COOL DOWN Background:Global warming and negative urbanization issues have led to an increasingly serious urban heat island effect.

to 26 statistics, 1121 people were killed by heat. In some parts

How to cool New Delhi?

why?

0m

The southwest monsoon prevails in summer

ubcontinent of South Asia, in the interior of

and the northeast monsoon prevails in winter

the continent.

Urban Ventilation CorridorS

LOCATION PROBLEMS Location analysis:India is located in the s

source:http://www.new-delhi.climatemps.com/graph.php

The March wind in New Delhi mainly comes

On the North of India, the HimalayaMountains

It is hot season from April to June; It is rain

from the West.The next is the wind from the

blocks the cold air from Central Asia and

season from July to September; rain is not in t

East.

Siberia; the Thar Desert makes the western

he hot season.

monsoon hot and dry.

three windbreak belt structures are utilized effectively in combination.

The windbreaks ①:The length is 3000m

Pattern 2 of windbreaks

The windbreaks ②:The length is 4800m

Pattern 3 of windbreaks

The windbreaks ③:The length is 4550m

Pattern: ①+②+③ Tight Structure,Sparse Structure+Ventilate Structure+Ventilate Structure

ventilation corridor and 50-meter long divided Urban

The direction of the wind.

Sidewalk

Sidewalk

New York:10518 people per square kilometre

GREEN AREA PROBLEMS

Beijing:9823 people per square kilometre

Backward infrastructures;Low greening rate.

Serious pollution for randomly draining

Poorly built huts without effective heat

sewage.

insulation and Water-proof materials.

The greenery distribution in New Delhi is

A common type of soil found in Delhi is sandy

relatively scattered, which makes the e

soil. Sandy soil is loose and allows moisture to

cological benefits of the green space system

bear easily.

low.

sandy soil specific heat capacity:1.1X103J/(kg·oC) Fast heat absorption

The temperature rises

how?

The New Delhi slums are mainly distributed on the outskirts

According to New Delhi's future planning, planning and design are combined

The fundamental reason for the various problems that

with analysis conclusions.

have arisen in the slums in New Delhi is the economic backwardness. Urban wind tunnel planning

The Yamuna River lying in the east, cool and wet the

Macro:Urban level

weather to some extents.

Windbreak planning Green space system planning

slum renderings

Solutions

Greening rate is 49.29%,green space is punctate distribution with low ecological benefit.

Reconstruction of building skin Microscopic:Slum level

We combine local features and create unique landscapes

Sewage treatment

that can not only achieve the cooling effect, but also

Slum space upgrading

the square of the square.

Acrylic pigments:Waterproof;

The Delhi government encourages s

According to the existing greening in New Delhi, the slums will be selected for greening and greening in New Delhi to

heat insulation; strong adhesion.

treet art behavior and there are many

enhance ecological benefits.

India's propylene production

street artists and street art foundations

Combining street art and slums in New Delhi, on the one hand, enhances the landscape of houses and on the other hand

in the area.

cools the slums.

reached 556 tons in 2015.

Mica Powder:UV Shielding;

There are many buskers and traditional

Permeation Resistance;

entertainers in New Delhi's slums.

Weather Resistance;

windbreak renderings

promote tourism, and finally achieve a virtuous circle of economic development.

Reschedule the drainage system and lay down Slum drainage systems are chaotic,and sewage is discharged arbitrarily without treatment.

the underground system to allow the sewage to cool the slums. The sewage is finally discharged into the river

Abrasion Resistance;

through the

These waste masonry porous adsorption can There are many cheap abandoned masonry in the slums.

purification of

be used for the initial treatment of sewage.

thewetland.

Slum upgrading renderings Combine the culture of slums and transform the slum into a small space to enhance the vitality of the community.

of the city.

New Delhi is a typical Radiant City. The center of the city is

Motorway

Lane separator

Motorway

MICROSCOPIC:SLUM LEVEL

city boundaries

Overcrowded housing for a large population

Lane separator

Building area:254,554 ㎡ .

New Delhi:16869 people per square kilometre

with limited lands.

Motorway

Lane separator

combined arbor and shrub form dense natural barrier, to along the wind duct into the

Population density

SCALE:

Sidewalk

inner cities smoothly to slow down the heat island effect.

RECONSTRUCTION OF BUILDING SKIN

windbreak

Ventilation Channel.

the urban area accounts for 30%;

The combination of plants, paving and pools is the framework of roads

as well as greening of nodes

The use of pools, plants, and gra+

ffiti forms a place to satisfy people’

s need of entertainment and social

intercourse.

walk

SLUM SPACE UPGRADING

urban ventilation corridor

Dalbergia sissoo DC.

There are two main formats: 30-meter-long divided

Pattern 1 of road plan Pattern 2 of road plan Pattern 3 of road plan

southwest monsoon in blowing on my way to the city from prematurely, now we

CONCLUSIONS

New Delhi has an area of 1,485 k ㎡ and

1482 square kilometers

other-grass-area

water

Tight Structure

Dalbergia sissoo DC.

the original road system in New Delhi contributes to an effective design of Urban Ventilation Channel. Planning objectives

an urban area of 446.3 k ㎡ , of which

slum

Sparse Structure

Ventilate Structure

Lead cool Air into the city:the combination of the Yamuna River which cools and humidifies the air,and

Current situation

Transformation principle, the street is limited to new Delhi was vegetation height, cool

UNDERLAY SURFACE PROBLEMS

POPULATION PROBLEMS 25 million people LEGEND industry

In order to achieve the satisfactory results of wind blocking,

Wind Potection Effect of Different Windbreaks

and various functions of different sorts of shelterbelts, the windbreaks’ locations and species are determined.

0.39V

0m

source:https://image.baidu.com/

source:https://zh.maps-india-in.com/%E5%8D%B0%E5%BA%A6%E5%AD%A3%E9%A3% 8E%E5%9C%B0%E5%9B%BE

agriculture

30

60

Pattern 1 of windbreaks

grass

0.79V

Windbreaks

Why is New Delhi so hot?

of India, the highest temperature is close to 50℃ .

wood

Blocking the wind by windbreaks: according to current road system

V

what?

SLUM PROBLEMS

In the context of global warming, New Delhi faces the challenge of extreme high temperature. This project is aimed to provide an effective and practical method to solve the problem through letting cool breeze in, keeping hot wind out, and greening the slums in an innovative way: sewage disposal for surface cooling, small gardens for ameliorating city with vitality. Trying to reduce the heat of local slums as well as New Delhi, forming a virtuous cycle is beneficial to bring prosperity to rural economy. Besides, the project intends to explore a viable solution for a lot of cities which have been troubled by Urban Heatisland Effect for a long time to cope with this climatic issue.

MACRO:URBAN LEVEL

Look for the way for New Delhi to cool down.

New:Reference News Network reported on May 27th, foreign media said that India continued high temperature recently, up

SEWAGE TREATMENT

HEAT EFFECT

+ rest

walk

Graffiti

The use of plants, seats and athle-

The combination of plants, paving, seats and small sports equipment

forms a place for communication

rest

tic facilities forms a playground to

satisfy the public ‘s need of leisure

and exercise.

+ walk

Physical exercise

and recreation. +

+ rest

walk

Physical exercise

Small space greening The use of plants, paving, and seats

Big space greening

provides a space for communications

+ + walk

The use of plants, pools and seats

forms tourist attractions to satisfy +

the public’ s need of relaxation

and short breaks . rest

+ walk

and sightseeing.

+ rest

play

source:http://www.masterplansindia.com/popular/delhi-master-plan-2021

Zhenbin Fang, Jiahui Sun, Hanzhen Chen, Shisi PEng, Yuying Cao

Guangzhou University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

RECOVER AND ALIVE

On August 8,2010,ususually intense monsoon rains triggered devastating landsides and floods that buried a densely populated area in the center of the city in Zhouqu County,Gansu. To reduce disasters and improve the economy,We propose four strategies to solve the problem.1.The introduction of three systems leads the place into a vibrant one in order to reproduce the former landscape, finally ensuring local residents can live a more diversified life with spiritual fulfillment that the working-day of them stretches from dawn to dusk.2.Building a favorable compound system of agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry, changing the original economic structure aimed at developing agriculture, and then improving the land use patterns, reducing the risk of natural disasters, can enable the development of regional economy into a virtuous cycle.3.Setting up a virtuous ecological water cycle can accommodate sufficient rainwater in the rainy season. 4.Founding better debris flow prevention and restoration of forests systems, changing the existing land use condition, and gradually improving the security of residential areas, can eventually help inhabitants get complete rid of the invasion of debris flow.

Lan Yingjie, Han Jingyu, Lin Fangfei Huaqiao University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE PATH TO SHAMBALA

The project is located in Seda County, Ganzi Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. The area features Buddhist culture as the main feature. The Larung Buddhist Academy in Seda is the world’s largest Tibetan Buddhist Institute and tens of thousands of Buddhist come to practice. Due to the site topography and location restrictions, the construction of the shacks is disorderly, with less infrastructure and poor environment, which has seriously affected the daily life of the shackles. We analyze the daily needs of Buddhist, and in the context of respecting local religious customs, we must solve the problems of Buddhists’lives and improve their living environment in the form of multi-functional integrated corridors. While building the corridors, we will upgrade the infrastructure and buildings, and the use of water bodies. By implementing the multi-functionality of the corridors, more possibilities will be given to the venues. The project name is “The path to Shambala”. “Shambala” is a transliteration of the Tibetan language, meaning the ideal Pure Land, intended to express the hope that it can bring a good spiritual environment for Buddhist. Based on the unique terrain of the site this feature, we set part of the corridor space on the roof and use the house room under the corridor as indoor public facilities space. This is our innovation. In this way, the idle space of the site is activated, the vitality of the public space is enhanced, and the multi-functional integration of ecology,life,production,and economy is achieved, thereby achieving the purpose of a virtuous circle.

Dan Ji, Rong Tang, Sijing Huang, Yixiong Yang, Shaoteng Wu Sichuan Agricultural University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE CAPE HOPE

To relief the water crisis in Cape Town, the project uses the available resources on site and combines ecological methods to create a unique way of seawater purification. The landscape presented by the design protects the wetland in a water-stressed environment and has the ability to withstand possible drought in the future , also ,instantly alleviate the drought in Cape Town . They reflect the protection, prediction and mitigation of the Resilient landscape In the process of deriving the program, we recognized the special history of Cape Town. Through the combination of historical elements and landscapes, the program proposes and emphasizes the importance of harmony among races. The program looks forward to bring water resources and hope to the people of Cape Town. While expressing hopes of promoting communication between different races at the local area, it also expresses the best wishes for the harmony among races.

Ming Liu, Yilin Guo, Yi Huang, Yinghao Yu, Zhaotao Mai Guangzhou University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

EDGE ISOMORPHISM

Rapid urbanization and regional imbalanced construction have led to the emergence of “urban villages” in mainland China. This dense and messy area is the only place in the city where it can be “updated” with its own continuous evolution. People won’t willing to live in such a poor environ-ment in the future. So a decent solution is desperately in need. However, what we need to do is not to reinvent and design on a colossal scale, but to engage in this evolution by tapping into it. Problems and developments at different times have led to the requirement for different environments. If we reconstruct a part of it, the edges of the updated and unupdated zones will be produced. The edge between these two zones will form the elastic space of urban development. Elastic landscape keeps asking the city and people what is the future we want?

He Zhen Zhong

Jiangnan University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

NOTO GREEN SPACE-WETLAND ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPE The site occupies about 1.8 hectares in the area of Taihu Lake, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China. Problems: Water pollution is serious, cyanobacteria occur frequently, the pressure of flood control is aggravating, and the ecological environment of maintaining culture has been seriously damaged. Design strategy: 1, the wetland purification system to build water ecological restoration 2. The strategy of sponge elastic system adapting to flood 3. low input, low maintenance of the landscape minimal intervention strategy Innovation: Design a “biological split breeding platform” to natural ways to solve the problem of natural environment.

Zhao Yang, Li Le, Chen Huiping Xi ‘ An Eurasian college


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

SALVATION OF DISASSEMBLY

Facing the theme of this competition, our understanding focuses on the contradiction between economic development and ecological environment.Past the backward economic development model for local ecological environment has brought a lot of negative effects, how to use human intervention to assist, using the natural self-regulation for environment of selfimprovement, achieve the goal of â&#x20AC;&#x153;elasticâ&#x20AC;?. Alang is contaminated with long coastlines and has a wide spread of pollution,making it difficult to achieve purification through machanical collection and filtration.The daily tides make the coast water level more than 9 meters up and down. Simply planting along the coast will not play an effective role. First of all, through the plant will reduce pollutants concentration to a certain value, then introduce the microorganism, formed plants and soil microorganism repair system, the effect of the pollutant concentration is low, remove microorganisms, repair plant, introduced a lot of, formation of plant community, finally reaches the final decomposition of pollution.

Jialiang Li, Wei Chen, Ying Yao, Jiyue Wang

Chongqing Jiaotong University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE POWER OF SOIL

Location

THE POWER OF SOIL

FOSHAN

Russia

Site location Bird migration route

Site

SITE

GUANGDONG

CHINA

Pearl River system

Xijiang River

Home range of aquatic animals

Farmland

Mongolia

Qinsha is a sedimentary island located in Foshan, Guangdong province, China.

A NEW WAY TO SOLVE THE REDUCTION WETLAND OF THE SEDIMENTARY ISLAND

THE POWER OF SOIL A NEW WAY TO SOLVE THE REDUCTION WETLAND OF THE SEDIMENTARY ISLAND N

Qinsha Island

Beijiang River China

Xijiang River

N

Legend

South China Sea

Local residences

Qinsha Island is a resting stop of main route of Asia migratory birds, a convergence zone of the two main streams of Pearl River and also home range of aquatic animals. However, wetland area around Qinsha is small and most of the wetlands are farm lands and fish ponds.

Planting area

6%

20%

LAND AREA

Wetland plays a number of roles in the environment, principally water purification, flood control and shoreline stability. It is also considered the most biologically diverse of all ecosystems, serving as home to a wide range of plant and animal life, especially migratory birds and aquatic animals.

Devices builting points

There are 8.558 million km² of natural wetland in the world. It only accounts for 6% of land area but provides habitats for 20% of the known species on the earth.

Farm land

The site located on an evolutive sedimentary island whose wetland area will decrease because of the evolution and seasonal flood and drought. By seizing the opportunity brought by the evolution, soil-interception devices are built to solve the wetland issue. Innovations:

Xijiang River

Xijiang River Embankment

0

100 m

200 m

Plan

Road

KNOWN SPECIES

Destroyed wetlands

WETLAND AREA

100 m

250 m

Master Plan

It is speculated that upwards of half of the world’s wetlands have disappeared since 1900. Wetlands are some of the most productive habitats on the planet. Many species of migratory birds and aquatic animals have vanished forever because of the reduction of wetland.

YEAR

All of the wetland Inland wetland Coastal wetland Artificial wetland

TIME LINE

Site Context

The reduction of the natural wetland area was 113,500 km² from 1978 to 2008. In China, the pace of wetland destruction occurs at an incredible speed.

Planning Process

2020 s

Local residences

Stage 1 The devices are built in Xijiang River to help maintaining and increasing wetland of Qinsha. Species diversity is low in this stage because of frequen human activity and embankment-hardening.

Fish pond

Farm land

AREA(KM²)

2040 s

Stage 2 The devices become small islands over the time by intercepting soil brought by Xijaing River. Trees planted on the devices grow up and become home of birds. Species diversity is increasing.

2080 s

Stage 3 The newly formed wetland can not only control the seasonal flood and drought but also serve as home to a wide range of migratory birds and aquatic animals. Species diversity is abundant.

THE OVERALL CHANGE OF WETLAND AREA IN CHINA

Bank

Wetland Emergency The seasonal flood and drought introduced the reduction of Qinsha’s wetland, resulting in the decline of biodiversity. Many species of migratory birds and aquatic animals relying on wetland reduce greatly.

SEASONAL FLOOD % DROUGHT

Evolution Issues of Qinsha

Residences’ base

Forest

Past

1563

1923

2010

2018

2040

2060

2080

Species Analysis of Wetland Ecosystem

Wetland

Migratory Birds

HOME FOR SPECIES

Future Beach 2020

Emberiza aureola

Pycnonotus sinensis

Tringa guttifer

Larus saundersi

Orthotomus sutorius

Alcedo atthis

Amaurornis phoenicurus Egretta garzetta

Passer montanus

There is a large variety of wetland habitat types found around the world and each supports their own community of plant and animal species. In addition to terrestrial and aquatic life, birds also find wetlands to be welcoming places for pit stops during long migrations because they provide protection and food on their long journeys.

Qinsha has experienced different stages of development before. According to the deduction, Qinsha will connect with a shoal in the northwest and they will eventually become part of the urban land, which means there would be no habitat for migratory birds and aquatic animals.

Solution

The evolution of Qinsha Island endangers the survival of wetland species. Meanwhile, it brings new development opportunities. Flooded Level

Building devices to intercept soil brought by Xijaing River so that they will become small islands over the time. These islands contribute in preventing wetland soil from getting wash away.

Device Description

Hollow bricks

Normal Water Level The Evolution of Soil-interception

Assemble

①Sand-fixation grids Composed by cross structures, sand-fixation grids provide habitats for aquatic animals and palnts. ②Sediment-interception walls Made of hollow bricks, sediment-interception walls help intercepting sediment brought by Xijaing River and fixing the structures.

Soil

④Internal sand Made of 3 layers of sand whose density increases from top to bottom and helps intercepting sand of different weights.

Future Scenario

Setting devices Xijiang River.

in

Soil is intercepted by the devices.

3D cross structures

Roots

The devices grow up and become small islands. Soil

Sand-gathering grooves

Insects

Anaxpartherenope Selys Apis cerana

Aquatic Animals

Anodonta woodianawoodiana

Submerged plants

Eriocheir sinensis Macrobranchium nipponense

Siniperca chuatsi

Ctenopharyngodon idellus

Parabramis pekinensis

Floating plants

Emergent plants

Lemna minor

Nelumbo nucifera Monochoria korsakowii

Cynops orientalis

Andrias davidianus

Trionyx sinensis

Chinemys nigricans

Marsh Plants

Rana nigromaculata

Enhydris chinensis

Dinodon rufozonatum

Terrestrial Plant

Cement

③Sand-gathering grooves Used cooperatively with the sand-fixation grids, sand-gathering grooves strengthen the structures and accelerate the pace of sand-covering.

Myriophyllum verticillatum Hydrilla verticillata Ceratophyllum demersum

Hydrocleys nymphoides Nymphaea tetragona

Iris tectorum

Typha latifolia Linn

Oryza rufipogon

Phragmites communis

Setaria viridis

Taxodium distichum

Taxodium ascendens Metasequoia glyptostroboides

Future Scenario Soil in one side of the island is washed away but it remains in the other side.

Mortise and tenon

Upstream

⑤Piles They are driven into the riverbed to fix the devices.

Building soil-interception devices to maintain and enlarge wetland of the site. The devices will be eventually shaped into three different types because they are placed in different sites and are washed by different flow directions. Devices in the first area will become part of Qinsha’s mainland, those in the second area will be connected with each other by soil and those in the third area are isolated as small islands. These three types of devices will grow and become wetland, serving as home to a wide range of local wetland species, developing species diversity and regulating seasonal flood and drought.

Forest

Greenbelt

Homeless Wetland Species

50%

Fish pond Farmland

Local residences

0

It is speculated that upwards of half of the world’s wetlands have disappeared since 1900. Wetlands are some of the most productive habitats. Many species of migratory birds and aquatic animals have vanished forever because of the reduction of wetland. Issues to be addressed: The reduction of wetland and the evolution issue of Qinsha, a sedimentary island.

Beach

Legend

Importance of Wetland

The devices connect to each other. Downstream

Leyao Luo, Junda Ma, Yongyu Liang Guangzhou University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REBIRTH IN BUSHFIRE

Forest Landscape restoration with stem-cell mode in Greater Khingan Mountains

Yuchen Hu, Jie Dong, Jiajun Song, Kefu Xie, Ziwei Liu Northeast Forest University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

URBAN REGENERATION

- DESIGN OF RESIDENTIAL ENVIRONMENT IN HAIKOU CENTERED ON WATERLOGGING PROBLEMS

Haikou is located in Hainan Province, the southernmost city in China. Haikou is rich in tropical resources and a city with beautiful coastal scenery. Beautiful natural resources are the foundation for the vigorous development of Haikouâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s tourism industry. With the rapid development of economy and the rapid upgrading of urbanization, the natural resources of Haikou are being destroyed, resulting in the imbalance of natural hydrological cycle system. The main city is located on the northern surface with low topography. Once there is a rainstorm, the whole cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s rainwater flows through different channels to the main urban area. When rainfall exceeds the carrying capacity of the river, it will cause waterlogging in the main urban area. And, the decentralized green space in Haikou did not form a complete system. So, in the face of waterlogging, these green spaces are not very effective. However, scattered green space is also not conducive to public outdoor activities. Therefore, there are several problems that need to be solved: restoration of the natural hydrological cycle system, alleviating the problem of waterlogging and establishing a systematic urban green space. The theme of the project is urban regeneration. The main characteristic and innovation point is to consider the problem of waterlogging from the perspective of urban design. While alleviating urban waterlogging, it can promote the economic development of the city and enhance the living environment of the city.

Deng Tao, He Yuhan, Ding Lvna, Li He Hainan University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE RETURN OF NOMANDIC LIFE THE RETURN OF NOMADIC LIFE

THE RETURN OF NOMADIC LIFE BACKGROUND

Single-family households with pastures will be organized in

After the founding of New China, under the influence of industrialization, the or-iginal nomadic people transformed from the nomadic lifestyle of the steppe to the life-style of the enclosure. This transformation not only brought pressure on the pastures, but also produced ecological, living, production, etc. Series problems. Therefore, eco-logy, history, and race are issues that we are concerned about and urgently need to so-lve. Taking into account the regionâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s unique historical culture, production and life st-yle, and at the same time linking with the actual situation, conform to the developme-nt trend and explore a new way of living â&#x20AC;&#x201C; seminomadic semi-residential. At the sa-me time, combined with precipitation and seasonal changes, we designed a variety of variable combinations to deal with complex realities and a variety of issues.

The Yellow Flag is located in the central part of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, at the southwest end of the Xilin Gol League.It is located between the northern foot of the

accordance with factors such as annual rainfall and grassland

Yinshan Mountain and the transitional belt of the Inner Mongolia Plateau. It is a grounding section of the Ulanqab Plateau and the northern foothills of the Yinshan Mountains.

area, so that grazing activities will no longer be confined to small sites but will allow them to flow.

ASIA

CHINA

INNER MONGOLIA

XINGHUANG QI

THE EVOLUTION OF NATURAL WOODLAND

WULANTU GACHA

pasture division

Life: nomadic sedentary rotational grazing to captive

Good living to economic depression Ecology: Lush weeds

Plant community stability to single plant community

land deserts

production: a variety of livestock husbandry single feeding livestock plant

After the founding of New China, the original nomadic people changed their way of life from pastoral nomads into a life style that settled in enclosures. This transformation not only brought pressure on the pastures, but also produced a series of problems such as ecology, life, and production. Therefore, ecology, history, and race are issues that we are concerned about and urgently need to solve.

Zheng Zini, Shen Lu, Li Meiyi

Inner Mongolia University of Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

RETURN TO THE SOURCE

Sakai was once a flourishing merchant city with a moat and a trade port. However, the city seems to have lost its splendor with the disappearance of a moat. This proposal is not a narrative of a glorious post-disaster recovery but rather a story of “returning to the source” to regain the city’s resilience. Eco-tanks under the park Underground water tanks built under the original location of the moat recruit and store excess stormwater and river water in case of flood disasters. while it also acts as a drainage control system to quickly drain flood water in the event of tsunami. Stormwater and river water are stored and used to create the water and green landscape in the park and street. A greenway to enhance walkability, onnectivity and community activity The road is rearranged to provide space for a wide range of community activities. The sidewalk is widened with a cycle lane as the dividers were removed. The greenway is an ideal space for street markets, various events, small local business. Its green screens with sprinkling water provide shading effect and water-retentive pavement keep the city cool. The greenway connects major touristic attractions in the area. This development plan aims to improve the physical environment of the city as well as the social aspect of it to foster strong local community and commerce activity. The city will rise once again and regein its strength and resilience as a center of commerce and industry.

Natsuki Okumura, Wang Runze, Wang Wenxin, Ryohei Masudo Osaka Prefecture University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

DROUGHT, FOOD, WAR

-JOINT RECONSTRUCTION AND ECOLOGICAL SYMBIOSIS ON THE SYRIAN-IRAQ BORDER

The conflict of Syria is still not completely settled, there are 6.5 million people are facing severe hunger, severe drought led to desertification and sandstorm further exacerbating the food crisis, also make the conflict more acute, loss of animal husbandry and infrastructure damage conflict has caused a lot of food production, millions of people have been displaced, and the valley of despair. The Syrian crisis is the result of a combination of climate, food and conflict. The Euphrates river straddles Iraq and Syria, and the damage from conflict and climate change affects both Syria and Iraq. So why not unite? The sandstorm weather has been used to make use of sand traps and wind turbines. It also plans to carry out soil improvement and grain planting in the corresponding industrial cycle. The semi-underground space formed by the sand storms is supported by the tombstones of the two countriesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; wars. It has become a refuge, a frontier market, a seed museum, a Syrian agricultural research center, a granary, and finally an emotional and productive suture.

Li Jialing, Ren Daoyi, Guan Beiting South China University of Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

POSTWAR ELASTIC SCHOOL The decades-long conflict in the GAZA Strip continues today, as does the problem of children. The environment in which children grow up has always been so bad that it destroys their growth, which is equivalent to destroying the local future generation. SOCIAL FACTORS: The cause of religion and nationality. Religious; Geographical location and conflict of interests; In Gaza Strip, there were more than 3 million 80 thousand people in 2018. POST-WAR RESILIENCE: Slow infrastructure recovery; Poor flexibility and Single function. School construction is restricted by more conditions, School repair time is longer after damage; Heart repair. The key is to let children return to school, because they need to overcome their psychological trauma urgently, and only school education can cure their minds. SPECIFIC CHARACTERISTICS: Children with physical disabilities.; Mentally handicapped children. Focusing on the education of children in wartorn countries in the Middle East, the resilience landscape focuses on the speed of rehabilitation of school infrastructure and the psychological rehabilitation of children after war. In the case of Gaza, The field school is designed as a large sand table, in which the different types of small mobile spaces, and the container-based teaching building serve as props in the sandbox game.

Yang Jie, Chen Rong, Yang Feng

Central South Forestry University of Science and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE WELL FOR LIFE AND COMMUNICATION The design site is located in slum of Rochina in Riode Janeiro,Brazil.The slum environment is very bad,with garbage piled up on the ground,sewage flowing,traffic inconvenience and water difficulty. Based on these problems,we have made secondary planning for the slum road.retains the original habit of collecting rainwater ,and extends this habitat from individuals to public behaviors .We have divided 90water intake points in the site to meet peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s water demand. Every point has a well.The well we designed is essentially a pool in a reservoir .Rainwater collected by rainwater collection devices of surrounding households is discharged into the planting pond through pipelines,permeates into the next layer of filtration system through purification of plant roots,and is discharged into the reservoir through pipelines.The pressure sensor on the pool wall felt the unbalanced force to open the switch. The exchanged of water in two pools can be realized,thus achieving self-sufficiency in the pool.

Xueting Xi, Sikai Fan

Xiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;An University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

IN BETWEEN LANDSCAPE TOWARDS INCLUSIVE COMMUNITY OF MEILAN LAKE NEW TOWN As result of the modernization process and the large-scale development of new town in recent years, the traditional landscape has been completely changed. Large amount of agriculture land was transformed to be residential in new town development, leaving land use of industrial surrounded at the edge area. The local identity is overpowered and there is potential to restore the sense of place by learning from neighbourhood landscapes of surrounded old town. Landscape fragmentations such as blocking water network and the loss of habitats are obvious. Nature resource is overused due to the massive housing and industrial development. There is potential to restore the ecological functions though incorporating the larger ecological network. Inspired by the dynamic old town, the main concept of design is to create resilient landscape that could provide multiecological functions, more interactions between local residents and nature as well as have high productivity for local food supply and economic benefits. Design Innovations: 1. Retrofitting the Waterways and Create Water Recycling System through the restoration and naturalization of canal. 2. Connecting High Ecological Vegetation Patches and Creating Dynamic Habitats for Wildlife by relinking water network and re-inhabiting forest patches.3. Building sense of placement by learning from traditional neighbourhood landscape through the transformation of new programmes.

Wu YiTong

National University of Singapore


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

MANGUNAN AGROTECHNO PARK

Mangunan Agro-Techno Park Indonesia is one of the world's largest tropical biodiversity nations, and has a variety of unique fruits in terms of flavors, shapes and colors. However the insistence of the tourism industry create public awareness on environmental conservation to decline, it is exacerbated by the lack of management and community care for the environment around them

Grand concept parking

Ÿ Connect each spot up to Banyusumurup Village Ÿ Manage park using (public-private-partnership)

Mangunan is a 150 ha public area which is in the district of Bantul, Yogyakarta Special Region, which is lowland. This area has a good natural potential and supported by tourist attractions, such as keris village center banyusumurup keris. But the public care of this place is low, so it needs further development.

methods

Mangunan is a 150 ha public area which is in the district of Bantul, Yogyakarta Special Region, which is lowland. This area has a good natural potential and supported by tourist attractions, such as keris village center banyusumurup keris. But the public care of this place is low, so it needs further development

Potency

Ÿ Biodiversity Ÿ Beautiful natural scenery Ÿ The diversity of animals,

especially birds

Ÿ there is a keris craft center in

the village Banyusumurup, which is located around the site

Main gate Ÿ Parking space Ÿ restaurant Ÿ showroom

Ÿ Planting 3 types of plants that can grow in the

lowlands, such as Sawo (Manilkara zapota (L.) van Royen), soursop (Anonna muricata L.), Srikaya (Annona squamosa L.)

Ÿ Plant supporting plants such as vegetables, fruits,

and herbs

Problem

Ÿ Low public awareness of

natural potential

Ÿ Conserve the birds on the site Ÿ Control of dangerous animals

Ÿ Lack of community

management and care of the environment

Ÿ The thickness of the soil is

low

Ÿ Dangerous animals,

Example: Snake

Site plan

Techno park 1

Ÿ Office Ÿ Restaurant Ÿ Viewing Space Ÿ Laboratory Ÿ Showroom

Rest point spot

Techno park 2

Rest point

Ÿ Homestay Ÿ Bus Parking Ÿ Laboratory Ÿ Showroom

Camp sites

Banyusumurup Village Which is “Keris” Handicraft center

Park Connector

development,

Ÿ In addition, build out bond spots, campsites and

Why mangunan

Indonesia is one of the world’s largest tropical biodiversity nations, and has a variety of unique fruits in terms of flavors, shapes and colors. However the insistence of the tourism industry create public awareness on environmental conservation to decline, it is exacerbated by the lack of management and community care for the environment around them.

Jogging track

Ÿ Build tourist spots based on agrotechnology

Outbond

Legend Park Connector Jogging track Imogiri-Dlingo Road

Technopark spot

Aruji Sulaksono, Gufroni Arsyad

Universitas Gadjah Mada


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

A WATER ABSORBING BANK

The cities in inland African countries are all short of water. The existence of the Niger River gives the city the space for survival and development. The capital of Niger, “Niamey”, its name also means the “riverbank where mothers draw water”. It shows the importance of water resources to the lives of Niamey residents. However, there are on average two small scale floods once a year and average every 10 years flood threatens people’s life, production activities and impact natural ecological balance. One aspect is the shortage of water resources, the other is the flooding of the river year after year. The main intention of the design is to solve this contradiction. Our project’s title “A WATER ABSORBING BANK” is a good embodiment of our guiding ideology. We want to buffer and use of flood through absorbing and accepting the flood, and to guide the local residents to expand the paradigm spontaneously throught the functional planning of the site.

Xuewei Zhao, Xinyuan Tong, Weixuan Huang, Hao Guan Xi’An University of Architecture and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE VILLAGE LANDSCAPE POND LANDSCAPE SYSTEM DESIGN IN HUANGPEN VILLAGE In China, ancient villages are facing a double crisis. Firstly, the natural disaster. Secondly, the threat to the cultural protection of ancient villages in urbanization. Reducing the impacts of the disaster and saving cultural memory is important in the protection of material and spiritual assets. Huangpen Village is a historical village with amounts of characters. First, the urbanization has accelerated which makes village surrounded by cities. Second, because of the location nearby the Yangtze River, the village suffers from a long rainy season. The huge amount of rainfall constitutes a threat with the flood disaster. Third, it is the home of Wong Tai Sin culture which has huge cultural value and attracts many tourists. We want to intervene with the pond which is not only a symbol of the spiritual culture but also an indispensable daily facility for local. However, the pond is abandoned or rarely used in Huangpen Village. Therefore, we are redesigning the ponds to focus on the culture and life again. Afterwards, the public spaces around the ponds are designed to transform, set up corridors and finally connect with the riverside. To evoke the cultural sense of the residents, the cultural spirit of the place is highlighted by setting up a planting area for â&#x20AC;&#x153;Daisiesâ&#x20AC;? and a platform for activities.

Jingwen Jin, Yu Huan, Linjie Xiu, Xiang Li North China University of Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

TRANSCENDENCE PRODUCTIVE LANDSCAPE ACROSS BOUNDARIES Transcendence is a design process model that builds social capital and resilience using productive landscape as a medium to transcend existing boundaries of informal urban residential neighbourhoods in Bangalore. The selected site was chosen for its high social complexity and poor infrastructure condition, serving as a microcosm of the general living condition in Hebbal. This project adopts landscape strategies integrated with local resources, expertise and management to tackle adverse issues faced by the citizens. By aligning various productive landscapes integrated with waste management flow, design interventions link houses to the streetscape, the project accomplishes this through three strategies: 1. Streetscape productive landscape tactics responding towards walkability and water management issues. 2. Proposed communal and productive zoning according to the existing site social characteristics. 3. Improve citizensâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; ideals of waste and ownership of their environment through proposed programs. Serving as a design model applicable to other areas of Hebbal, the project challenges communities to shift from social segregation to a resilient neighbourhood that transcends obstacles and boundaries as one community.

Victor Kuan Wai Tuck

National University of Singapore


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

GREEN CELLS

The design is conceived as a cellular tissue that consists of several cells. Each cell has its own function to make the whole system work. And wuhan city is just like a big cell tissue, it consists of multiple cells, including construction, landscaping, roads, parks, water, etc., and is one part of the problem, the reflection to the whole environment. At present, the “waterlogging” in wuhan has created a huge problem, which brings many inconvenience and harm to people’s life. And by improving that. Start by improving its “cells”. Is to improve the building and building space, between the park and community afforestation, water, etc., increasing water storage building a “rainwater harvesting to regulate” even more, so as to improve the surrounding environment, use in the form of more, landscape, increase afforestation, to strengthen water, form an integral part of the organic ecological environment.

Jiang Tao, Tian Jun, Liu YiChen, Tang Guoyong Chongqing Jiaotong University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

GEOSOCIAL FIELDS

This diploma project constitutes a study on the forces which form and affect Santorini’s landscape, aiming to understand and incorporate them into the design process. The study focusses on an area south of Fira, on the front of the volcano’s caldera, where five inactive mines of theraic earth lie, cut off from their surroundings (area: 860.000 m² and height: 10 - 70 m). The research method began by analysing the area’s peculiarities due to cumulative geomorphological, political economic and social forces and their evolution through time. The study and its mapping led to a deep understanding of the situation: the area is today a hybrid complex landscape, result of the interaction between the natural elements and the human-made activities (agriculture, industry, constructions, tourism). The project’ s systemic analysis and synthesis is based on (i) digital explanatory diagrams (ii) description in layers of the structural systems (iii) 2D and 3D landscape plans and mapping (iv) representation in 3D printed physical models. New spatial compositional tools, functional programs and ecological actions are proposed as an holistic design strategy preserving at the same time the unique characteristics of this impressing landscape. The proposal aims to the creation of an integrated open public space, designed to host cultural, recreational events and research programs. The proposal’s objective is to activate the site and construct a new vivid landscape, as well as to promote alternative forms of tourism and prolong the island ‘s touristic season.

Alexiou Eleftheria Lydia, Kapsalis Alexandros University of Crete


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REMEDIATED LANDSCAPE FROM NEGLECT TO VALUE This area of Shanghai, Qilian area, has been agricultural for centuries. However, with the population growth the environmental pollution has become even more serious since a large number of factories in the urban area were relocated to this area over the last 40 years. Now this area will be redeveloped according to future planning of Shanghai government. The issue for this area is how to transfer the contaminated site into livable environment. The project aims to treat the contamination in site and re-use them for the new development. The first strategy is the phase development of remediation, which will be employed to deal with the contamination of soil and water during the process of transformation. In the first phase, the heavily polluted soil will be classified. In the second phase, three ways of soil remediation including capping, stabilization and washing will be applied. In the third phase, wetlands will be constructed to purify water by using the washed soil and stabilized soil will be recycled for construction material. The second strategy is integrating nature into dense new development. Fragmented green patches and waterway in site which has the potential to connect new development and the existing large green corridors will be reserved. Intervention of green and blue will integrate them.

Dai Jun Wei

National University of Singapore


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

WORKING TOGETHER WITH WATER Climate is full of uncertainties. The frequency of rainstorms in Japan is getting higher and higher. The typhoon that should have been generated near the equator but moving northward, and the scale is also likely to expand. According to the analysis of the Japanese topography and flood risk, different stages of strategic design for dangerous river areas are conducted, and the “eco-patch” designed is used as the main concatenation concept, centering on climate adaptation strategies, public space and ecological restoration, and other issues in the dynamic process. Natural, human and climate change are coordinated with minimization of earthworks. The selected base river spans the region from the forest to the city. Respect rivers’ natural forces, harness land, and use urban space to mitigate flooding. The flood should not be regarded as a disaster that needs man’s resistance, but a “natural change” that can co-exist with people; only by coexisting with the floodwaters and restoring the original flood storage capacity of the river, it can be possible to dissolve people and nature. The more serious the conflict, the less catastrophic it brings. Climate change is not necessarily a drag on the economy, but an opportunity to change and make the country more resilient to the city. The “eco-patch” design is a measure that “will be used later”. These measures not only help the society handle the current climate, but also use it for future climate response.

Chi-Shan Chen, Chih-Ting Yeh

National Taiwan University of Science and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

GAINING NEW PERSPECTIVES

The selected site is part of Dahanu “taluka” (administrative district), which is the lung of the surrounding highly polluted and urbanised cities of Maharashtra and Gujarat states, India. This area is thus particularly important by virtue of its location, and its rich natural resource base needs protection. 65 % of its population consists of the indigenous Warli tribals, who live in small hamlets dotting the foothills of the forested Western Ghats range (tropical moist-deciduous teakwood forest). Most practice subsistence paddy cultivation and are increasingly looking to towns for supporting incomes. Moreover, their age-old, close associations with the forest as its beneficiaries and stewards are slowly disappearing under the ripple effects of rapid surrounding urbanisation. The proposal strives for ecological security + economic development through experiential design – to build an inherent resilience within this rural landscape & its people to sustain their environment friendly traditions whilst making economic progress too, thus dealing with the pressures of urbanisation in a productive way. This is proposed through a system that’d revitalise the mutually beneficial relationship between the Warlis and their forest. It’d comprise of 3 components: (1) Productive Forest Fringe: Social forestry on fringe, to prevent degradation of deep forest due to over-exploitation (2) Supporting Haat Area: A local market for the social forestry harvest & related products. (3) Connecting Cycle Trail: Minimal interventions along this route attempting to direct attention to the landscape & cultural values that are on the cusp of change, which could lead to meaningful reflection for the observer.

Chetna Singh

Cept University, Ahmedabad, India


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

WHERE CITY MEETS THE WATER

After centuries of urban development encroaching upon Shanghaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s shoreline, time has come to weave water back into the urban fabric of Shanghai. In recent years, Shanghai has been disturbed by storm surge and faced with the risk of sea-level rising. In order to confront with extreme weather and minimize the loss, this project proposes water distribution areas in the upper stream of Huangpu River and three types of flood control system. Designed flood storage areas can flood new terrestrial zones, with flooding functioning as one of design operations utilized to establish new waterfront neighborhoods. Two different prototypes provide efficient ways to help the city resurrects when faced with storm surge or typhoon. One emphasizes the reaction to the waterfront in urban land, the other focuses on the rural area. Designed terrain and construction, combined with features of water functions, provide the city with safety insurance and natural and artificial activity space.

Qin Jiaying, Fu Siyi, Qin Jiaying Tongji University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

N I R VA N——degradation A1 of local culture under the processing REBIRTH of rapid urbanization in Xiaozhou

NIRVANA REBIRTH

· Urbanization, an inexorable trend of history,is taking place swiftly and violently in nowadays China, which has carried millions of opportunityies but meanwhile destroy. Xiaozhou village, near by Guangzhou,Guangdong, China, which was famous for its water-based culture is actually drowned in the flow of development. Along the urbanization, earth and mainland ones, which are recognized as the carriers of culture is changing its use and running off, and has been leading to the degradation of local culture.

World

The urbanizational process of Guangzhou 1949 Start Ur. Rate 12.84%

Growth 1958

Restart Stable Speed Pause 1979 1985 20.43%

Vehicals

Poptttulation composition 19,280

1966 17.58%

Ship Moto Bike

Population

Amount

280 230

1960 1980 2000 2017 · Along the urbanization, mainland ones of Xiaozhou always gather into towns for better life, and the poors comes to Xiaozhou with the same aim. · The water-based culture is disappearing as the result of both reasons above.

30 20 10

1960 1980 2000 2017 The proportion of boats in vehicals

98.45% 27.72% 0.40%

RMB per villager a year

500

29.68%

Xiaozhou

Planting land Building River Road Border

3,590 2,450 1,000 680

0.04%

Traditional vehicals disappeared.

1949

Decrease · Along the development taking place in Xiaozhou, landlords built much more buildings,which ripped generous planting land.

5,600

0 1

5

1、Reproduce the form of the pontoon on the abandoned wharf and activate the use of the wharf to take into account the beauty and rest functions.

10 NODE 1 N

Tourism Apartment Light industry Rent & Agriculture · More income was brought by tourism and apartment rental,and the change of villagers’production patterns led to the loss of the original water-based culture.

1980

historical buildings

The design is conceived as a cellular tissue that consists of several cells. Each cell has its own function to make the whole system work. And wuhan city is just like a big cell tissue, it consists of multiple cells, including construction, landscaping, roads, parks, water, etc., and is one part of the problem, the reflection to the whole environment. At present, the “waterlogging” in wuhan has created a huge problem, which brings many inconvenience and harm to people’s life. And by improving that. Start by improving its “cells”. Is to improve the building and building space, between the park and community afforestation, water, etc., increasing water storage building a “rainwater harvesting to regulate” even more, so as to improve the surrounding environment, use in the form of more, landscape, increase afforestation, to strengthen water, form an integral part of the organic ecological environment.

Guangdong

2017 1980

15,300

2,000 1,900

2,850

China

CHANGING LAND USE

1992 35.39% 40.53%

62.14%

4,430

——degradation of local culture under the processing of rapid urbanization in Xiaozhou

Incomes

Mainland In total 25,000 98.40% 97.89% 3,000

9,060

N I R VA N A 2 REBIRTH

Degrading culturetal activities

SITE

2017

· The culture's basement is ruining. · The water-based culture is dying away. · Xiaozhou's feature is degrading.

Lingnan Water Village is a Chinese water village in the Pearl River Delta. It has a contiguous Sangui fish pond fruit forest and floral commodity agricultural area as an open external space. It is rich in civil architectural style, subtropical climate vegetation and southern Lingnan natural landscape. Xiaozhou's water-based culture is revealed by the feature of Xiaozhou that are reflected by the way of the mainland living on, such as the mode of production, foods,drink,buildings,vehicle,festivals and so on.

2、The existing illegal buildings were demolished and set aside for public venues to give people a platform to sing Cantonese opera and watch dragon boat races. NODE 2

Before Masterplan This masterplan shows the landscape of Xiaozhou Village before it was reconstructed, and points out the location of the points on the map. The figure on the right represents the status quo of the selected sites .After investigation, we found that there are lots of shortcomings such as serious construction violations, narrow rivers, and abandoned land. Focusing on the shortcomings, we combined the cultural elements to space transform Xiaozhou Village.

WIDTH≈22m

Node 1

WIDTH≈25m

Node 2

Node 3

Node 4

NODE 3

WIDTH ≈7m

3、Expand the water surface area and use water space to create a water flower market and lantern festival to achieve the effect of restoring the original culture.

Node 5

Node 6

Node 7

WIDTH≈7m

WIDTH≈5m

XIAO ZHOU VILLAGE

NODE 4

SITE RANGE

4、Create an arcade mode, expand streets, and change the types of bulges to form natural revetments that combine culture with nature.

WIDTH≈30m

WIDTH≈5m Mobile stalls Reduced celebrations

Residents' gathering place

Country fair

Platform

Traditional Culture Combined with Rebuilding

Communication, hydrophilic

SELECTION REASONS AND SOLUTIONS Building a melon rack Reduced cultural exchange

Old Attractions

WIDTH≈8m

Fruit Festival

Residents' gathering place

Traditional Culture Combined with Rebuilding

Platform

There are many illegal buildings and many

Old Attractions

Demolition and utilization

Fruit Festival

Cantonese Opera New attractions Dragon Boat

Platform

Off-site and abandoned land

Cultural Building Demolition and utilization

Combining traditionaland elements

Boat

Sharon

Platform

Arcade

Money

Pontoon Cultural Revival

MigrantTourism population

Cultural exchange

Cantonese Opera and Dragon Boat

Residents

Money

Traditional crafts

6、Use the cultural elements of Lingnan such as the Thousand Yarn and the Ear Wall to transform the bridge to make it more beautiful and practical.

Sharon

The river is narrow

There are many

illegal buildings Water inlet and many

The river is narrow

Widening of the river, removal of illegal construction Water inlet

Water Plaza

Widening of the river, removal of illegal construction

Cultural Building

Water Plaza

7、Use the manufacturing process pattern of the silk yarn: cross the river mud - spread the sun - hang the sun, transform the lake and the open space, hang the sun yarn is used as a beautiful screen, so that the traditional process is reproduced.

MigrantTourism population

Cultural Revival

Bridge

Reduced cultural exchange

NODE 7

Communication, hydrophilic

Pontoon Building a melon rack

Reduced cultural exchange

Off-site and abandoned land

5、Build a fruit shed on the original arch bridge to enrich its function and create a melon and fruit festival atmosphere.

CYCLE MODE

Country fair New attractions

Combining traditional elements

Boat Reduced cultural exchange

NODE 5

Bridge Mobile stalls

Reduced celebrations

Water Flower Market and Arcade Lantern Festival Water Flower Market and Lantern Festival

Cultural exchange

Residents

Celebration

Celebration Traditional crafts

NODE 6

The equipment can be used as a mobile booth during the market and usually can be assembled into leisure and entertainment facilities.

NODE 8

8、Through the use of ear wall modeling to create a submerged hydrophilic platform, but also to meet the needs of residents washing daily necessities.

Gao Ningyi, Luo Huijun, Qu Chenhui, Wu Qianping, Yang Lin Guangzhou University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

Growing CraterⅠ

GROWING CRATER LAOS' RURAL LANDSCAPE RESILIENT RESTORATION AFTER THE VIETNAM WAR

——Lao’s rural landscape resilient restoration after the Vietnam War.

Growing Crater Ⅱ

——Lao’s rural landscape resilient restoration after the Vietnam War.

The project is sited in Xieng Khouang Province, Laos. After the Vietnam War, the Laos’ environment has been severe because of dense craters and polluted soil and water. The local people lost their families and homes. The project goal is the elastic recovery of the rural landscape after the war.

The project is sited in Xieng Khouang Province, Laos. After the Vietnam War, the Laos’ environment has been severe because of dense craters and polluted soil and water. The local people lost their families and homes. The project goal is the resilient recovery of the rural landscape after the war. The major measures are: 1.Transform craters. The mountain craters are used as the reservoirs, which can channel water into the fish pound transformed from ground craters and the rice field surrounding them. 2.Plant wattle trees. Wattle trees can improve the soil to a certain extent in 3-5years and become the scenic spot. Theses measures may form a mature ecosystem after several years.

1-5years: Ecosystem

5-10years: Residence

after 10years: Sightseeing

Laos is an underdeveloped country, its backward first industry and scarcity of resources make the local people have little economic resources. Recently years, GDP growth is not optimistic.

Landscape

Craters

Agriculture

rainfull

management

water-logged

fish

water diversion

plant water

into the river

sunlight

farm land

water evaporation

others

wattle trees fish pond

Kaiwen Shi, Zidan Fang, Zhenyue Li

Suzhou University of Science and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REACTION BETWEEN DISASTERS Saltwater tide is a natural disaster frequently occurring in coastal areas. When the freshwater flow is insufficient, the brackish and fresh water mixing causes the upstream river water to become salty, that is, the saltwater tide. The main harm of salty tide is to affect the industrial and agricultural production and destroy biodiversity. We selected the design site in the Shangbiandan Reef area of Shanghai, China, where there are two natural disasters of salty tide and flood, And two kinds of disasters occur in different seasons. Therefore, in the design, we hope to break the uneven distribution of the time and space of the flood and the salty tide by the means of the resilient landscape, and prolong the residence time of the flood in the area affected by the salty tide, which is combined with the characteristics of the sandbar growth in the bottom of water. Fresh water collected and preserved will interact with saltwater in winter to alleviate the negative effects of disasters. The design through the least artificial intervention to control the changes in the shape of the sandbar in the water, and introduce the concept of â&#x20AC;&#x153;Ecological Gridâ&#x20AC;?, and divide the site into different areas, such as water drainage area, water storage area, culture area and so on. For a long time in the future, the sandbar will continue to grow and form an ecological wetland with the functions of ecology, education, and more adaptive ability to the disaster.

Weng Weihua, Liyou Jun, Shaozi Chao, Yusu Chao Suzhou University of Science and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE UNDERGROUND GREAT WALL

ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION BASED ON KARES Our site selection is located in the Central Turpan Basin in Xinjiang, China. It is in the southwest of Flaming Mountain , the north of Lake Aiding. Half of the area is desert and the desert gradually erodes the oases. The drought is very serious. Problems: The reduction of ground water resultes in the reduction of Kares , and the decrease of Kares also reduces the collection and storage of ground water. The reduction of the Kares exacerbates the degradation of the oases , and the degradation of the oasis also indirectly leads to the reduction of the Kares well. The space around the Kares well is single, resulting in the Kares well not integrating well into peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s lives. Concepts: Use kares to solve the problem of desertification from both ecological and human aspects. Ecology: Solve the problem of local water and oasis reduction. Human: Solve the problem of single space around Kares. Our understanding of Resilient Landscape :Through these measures, the baseâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s water will increase, the number of oasis will increase, and the interaction between Kares and people will improve.

Xin Zhou, Zhiyue Zeng, Jialin Shi, Shuai Wang Suzhou University of Science and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REBIRTH IN FLOOD RESILIENT MEASURES TO COEXIST WITH FLOOD IN URBANIZATION Seasonal floods in the Mekong River have led to varying degrees of damage to the surrounding cities. We choose can tho in Vietnam as a typical example. Due to the flat terrain, the floods caused by seasonal rainfall directly impede the urbanization of the city. We choose three points that are the most affected by flood in three different areas of urbanization development as nodes. Adopt flexible strategy to enable flood into the region while still adapting to the development of urbanization. The specific measures cover 1:flood storage in wasteland;floating house in flood zone,flood storage in wasteland 2:flood relif box & store soil;buffer forest & new dewelling,flood relief box & store soil. 3:land prepare for urbanization;resilient farming & land prepare for unrbanization. We hope problems can be solved by all the solutions that we raised in our images.

Li Qian, Yin Wenyu, Yao Xiaqing, Wu Zhou

Suzhou University of Science and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

REBIRTH OF BAY

The site is located in the north-west of Hainan Province, China named as Danzhou Bay. The reason why we chose it is that the bay is considered as a classical example. Meanwhile, it has the salt land as its historical natural resource. The salt land stands for thousand years along with the traditional reproduction of salt. However, with the rapid development of the urbanization, construction of city facilities, harbors and sea-crossing bridge all affect the reproduction, biodiversity and self-defense ability of natural. These devastations will not only destroy the salt land or farmland but also threat the whole environment. Therefore, by observing the topological structure in the normal way we saw a hint in it. It can be used in our site only when we combined the phenomenon with the structure. We called it the resilient structure rooted on the topology. The attractive thing about it is that this structure helps the habitats in the site become more stable and feel more protective. It offers more possibilities for the whole defense system which is more than the habitatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s self-defending mechanism. By pushing this structure, we are safely arriving to the possible conclusion. We predicted that the site will stand less than 40 years at first, however, it will stand more than 80 years after implementing this structure. We are looking forward to the continuous of the magnificent sceneries in the bay.

Zhang Yuqing, Wang Shan, Zhang Shanshan, Shen Xinyu Suzhou University of Science and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

ANCIENT PERSIAN RESILIENCY SOLUTIONS IN MODERN URBAN LANDSCAPE OF YAZD, IRAN The project is located in the city of Yazd, Iran. With 2000 years of civilization, Yazd is among the oldest cities in Iran. It has a brilliant heritage of identity, history and culture. And it is recognized as a world heritage site by UNESCO. Unfortunately, nowadays, Yazd is meeting with several challenges such as extreme drought, heat and dust hazes. Which were getting worse during last years, as well as biodiversity loss and earthquake which have converted into national challenges too. Some of these challenges are not new, they have been there for thousands of years. Because of generations of adaptations to its desert surroundings, Yazd has a unique Persian architecture. It is nicknamed the “City of Windcatchers”. Although Yazd used to be resilient to extreme conditions of drought and heat for centuries, most of its resiliency solutions have not been used any more, since last century, when the modern agriculture and architecture went prevalent. Since most of Iran’s territory has arid and semi-arid climate, Persian gardens are also good examples of making areas resilient to extreme heat and drought. In this project we have investigated the history of Yazd as well as Persian traditional gardening in order to find traditional resiliency solutions for them. Then we tried to design a landscape project based on mentioned solutions to make it resilient to extreme conditions.

Mahan Rostami, Kamyab Najafi University of Tehran


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

RAIN WATER HARVEST

RAIN WATER HARVEST

RAIN WATER HARVEST

PERMEATION & DISPERSION

PERMEATION & DISPERSION

ZHOUKOUDIAN TOWN STORM WATER MANAGEMENT

ZHOUKOUDIAN TOWN STORM WATER MANAGEMENT

SITE ANALYSIS & BACKGROUND

SUBAREA ANALYSIS

CHINA

BEIJING

FANGSHAN DISTRICT

ZHOUKOUDIAN TOWN

Million of people across the capital were hit by the deluge and thousands were evacuated from their homes.The deluge caused losses of at least 10 billion yuan($1.6 billion), according to the Beijing municipal government. The southwestern district of Fangshan was the hardest hit. Of the 56,933 people evacuated in the city, 20,900 came from Fangshan.

rain garden factory

500

1400

1200

480

1100 1000

460

900 800

440

700 600

irrigation system

shelter river

NATURAL RESOURCE

Rainwater flows down the sloping roof and flows into the downpipe, along the irrigation system, and finally flows into the shelter river.

420

500 400

400

300

Annual Average Ten-Year Moving Average

200 100

380 1970-1972

0

1981-1991

1999-2008

1912 1908 1904 1900 1896 1892 1888 1884 1880 1876 1872 1868 1864 1860 1856 1852 1848 1844 1840 1836 1832 1828 1824 1820 1816 1812 1806 1804 1800 1796 1792 1788 1784 1780 1776 1772 1768 1764 1760 1756 1752 1746 1744 1740 1738 1732 1728 1724

Residential with Farms

Historical flooding events in Beijing between years 1724-1960 (Source Fighting Famine in North China (2007) by Li, Lillian M. (p.29))

Residential Mine

HAVING NO RETAINING WALL OR A COMPLETE CEMENT ONE

Manufacturing Mountain

Due to the abundant water resources in Fangshan, the first important issue to consider is the flooding risk, which is affecting the area. In the history of Beijing, Fangshan has been one of the most damaged districts by flooding events, caused mainly by the inundation of the Yongding River.

SUBAREA

SHELTER 1

HOUSE

DETAILED STRATEGY

CEMENT

HOUSE

Indeed, the last flood was on the 20 of July 2012 were 37 people died and thousands were evavuated. Hu Yongqi and Cui JIa reported in the CHINADAILY.

Cultural Relics and Historic Sites Residential Scientific Research Manufacturing

LAND USE CLASSIFICATION

Administration

Closed Conduit

DRAINAGE SYSTEM

Open Channel

CURRENT SITUATION

SHELTER 2

SHELTER 2

Shelter planting Shelter planting and landscape planting Terraced Field

Due to the incomplete drainage system and the altitude difference between each area, the water points scatter in the town.

Rain Garden

flooding area

PLANTING PLANNING

MISSING DRAINAGE SYSTEM (BOTH ON THE WAY AND UNDER THE BUILDING) NO WATER PERMEABLE BRICKS AND NO PLANTS

SUSPENDING SHELTERS SHELTER 1

HOUSE

retaining wall

Use a public square to shelter the residents. It lifts up when the rain and flood becoming stronger. water

RESIDENTIAL WITH FARMS: Rainwater flows down the sloping roof and flows into the downpipe, along the irrigation system, and finally flows into the shelter river. MANUFACTURING: Rainwater flows down the sloping roof and flow into the downpipe, and finally flows into the shelter river. Hard pavings are paved by water permeable brick.

residential shelter river

Rainwater flows down the sloping roof and flow into the downpipe, and finally flows into the shelter river. Hard pavings are paved by water permeable brick.

1300

︵ mm ︶ Rainfall

RESIDENTIAL: Rainwater flows down the sloping roof and flows into the downpipe, together with the water collected by the rain gardens scattering in the area, and finally flows into the new-built municipal pipeline net system.

Rainwater flows down the sloping roof and flows into the downpipe, together with the water collected by the rain gardens scattering in the area, and finally flows into the new-built municipal pipeline net system.

Some watercourse are dig to dam the rain water. When it comes to the residential, a retaining wall is built, using stone and iron gauze.

23-07-2012 CHINADAILY

1500

MOUNTAIN: The unexplored places on the mountain remain the same. The rest parts sets vegetation communities. They are be planted as the terraced field to stop the floods and reduce the water and soil erosion. These plants all have an excellent capacity on defense water logging and have a developed root system. Besides, some water courses are dig to dam the rain water. When it comes to the residential, a retaining wall is built, using stone and iron gauze.

ISOHEIGHT

residential

residential retaining wall

shrub

Photo of the flooding happened in Fangshan on the 23 of July in 2012

Million of people across the capital were hit by the deluge and thousands were evacuated from their homes on July 20, 2012. An increasing number of strange climates hit the world, we need to change the traditional city system.

municipal pipeline net system retaining wall arbor

According to the isoheight of the mountains, the mountain area is divided. The unexplored places on the the mountain remain the same. The rest parts, especially the foot of the mountain, sets vegetation communities: arbor, shrub and herbage communities. They are be planted as the terraced field to stop the floods and reduce the water and soil erosion. These plants including Diospyros kaki, Toona sinensis, Sorbaria sorbifolia, Salix babylonica, Viola yedoensis Makino all have an excellent capacity on defense water logging and have a developed root system.

SHELTER 2 Use playgrounds in the school to shelter the residents and students. There are low elevation greens to protect the cover board from the f looding.

retaining wall

water

SINGLE LEVEL PLANTATION

municipal pipeline

buoyance

municipal pipeline

cover board water

Qinyu Zhou

Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

FLOOD CURE DROUGHT

-THE WATER SENSITIVE URBAN DESIGN IN QINGDAO The site is located in downtown Qingdao, one of the most water-scarce cities in China, Shandong Province. In recent years, due to global warming and its unique hilly terrain, Qingdao has faced severe flood condition, especially in the lowlying areas of city centre. However, the dried reservoirs showed that it is urgent to solve the problem of water resources shortage. Thus, the Flood Cure Drought plan aims to reform the surrounding environment of Haibo River, which is the only one located in the downtown area, and solve the crisis of water resource shortage through the Trinity Structure of River-Street-Roof According to various types of land, such as residential, commercial and industrial lands, we divided the whole riverway into four sections with three main functions. In this plan, transformations of river, street and roof are carried out to improve the retention, infiltration and storage capacity of rain water. And after filtration and purification, it can be used for drinking and irrigation. Above all, the final goal is to improve the efficiency of rain water utilization and alleviate the water shortage problem while some effective measures are taken to release the huge burden of urban drainage.

Si Dexiao, Yan Yu

Qingdao Agricultural University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE LIFE-NET

Widely distributed coastal peatlands around Palembang, Indonesia have amount of carbon accumulation recognized as an important part of “the carbon sink of the earth”, while 95 percent of them are already degraded. Resent years in dry seasons, massive fires are burning throughout the region, exploding “carbon bomb” that has GHGs (CO2 and N2O) global implications, the loss of regional land resilience and serious local residents survival problems, which are the result of poor land use practices including drainage, deforestation and slash-and-burn cultivation. Furthermore, the peatland lose the ability to absorb carbon dioxide, retain water, produce foods and provide habitat for local animals. This creates “the vicious circle of peatland utilization”.1 Based on the hydro-logical conditions, production-living styles and local habitats analyses, the authors build a resilient water-net system working in both rain and dry seasons. In the first place, this system ensures that the peatlands are keeping wet full year. Secondly, it helps to provide sustainable harvests from wet and rewetted peatlands under conditions that maintain the peat body, facilitate peat accumulation and sustain the ecosystem services associated with natural peat-rain forests. Thirdly, it helps stop peat oxidation and simultaneously provide sustainable income increasing activities like rain forests tourism and trades of special agricultural products. Comprehensive problems of the site is solved by a moderate landscape architectural way which using natural powers through the resilient water-net system to create a hopeful and vivifying future peatland.

Ying Zhang, Xiaosong Ma, Yifang Gai, Yutian Wang, Bichen Sun Beijing Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

FROM BROWN FIELD TO BLUE FIELD - PERIURBAN RESERVOIR UPSTREAM RESTORATION

Qinglonghu is a reservoir located in the southwest suburb of Beijing. In recent years, with the large-scale development around the reservoir, it has led to a series of problems such as groundwater pollution, ecological destruction, and agricultural economic decline, and the resilience of the region is gradually lost,leading to higher risk of flooding. On July 21, 2012, a heavy rainstorm attacked Beijing, which caused heavy casualties and property losses. Among them, Qinglonghu was one of the worst affected areas. The disaster resulted in 5 deaths, 32000 victims and an economic loss of about 200 million yuan. In order to avoid the recurrence of disasters, how to manage and transform the water system and restore the resilience of the landscape in this area is our primary concern. We plan to restore the upstream of the reservoir through three strategies. 1. Collect purify and recharge groundwater at source area by terraced wetland system, and this could reduce the risk of mountain flood and debris flow. 2. Restore natural form of the channelized river, and improve the adaptability and resistance of different types of landscape by setting different types of revetment, floating farmland and fruit base fish ponds. 3. Built wetlands around reservoir inlet to restore damaged natural habitats and increase biodiversity. We hope that through these strategies, we can restore the resilience of the landscape and create a safe and livable environment.

Liao Mai, Wu Deqiang, Wang He, Yu Li

Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

POLDER AS A RESILIENT AGRICULTURAL INTERVENTION

POLDER AS A RESILIENT AGRICULTURAL INTERVENTION

POLDER AS A RESILIENT AGRICULTURAL INTERVENTION RESULT OF FLOOD FREQUENCY ANALYSIS

1m

2days

2.5m 3days

Flood water elevation based on 2 year flood return period was inundation depth average was around 1 m. The area that inundated at this condition was around 250.48 ha and the inundation duration was in 2 days.

SAMPLE PLAN

ISSUES SEASONAL FLOOD THREAT

258.48 ha 382.58 ha

Transforming flood threats into the advantages of resilient agriculture by apply polder model.

Flood water elevation based on 10 year flood return period was inundation depth average was around 2.5 m. The area that inundated at this condition was 382.58 ha with the inundation duration was in 3 days.

2.5

LOW PRODUCTIVITY

2.5

1.5

1.2

1

FERTILIZER POLLUTION

0.75

0

2007

2008

2009 Rp) Losses(Billion

2010

21.00

The community is full of vitality. 24.00

Reservoir Means to achieve water management

Reservoirs can serve as a basis for developing Rice-fish farming.

ECOLOGY

23.00

Wet and Dryland Agriculture Development.

Flood Prevention Infrastructure

Dry farming it has the function of protecting the bank

Rice-fish farming As an example of sustainable agricultural development

Greatly Raising Per Capita Income of Villagers.

Flood management and control.

22.00

Flexible flood management, making full use of floodwater for reasonable irrigation.

INTENTIONS

Sustained agricultural developmentcan.

Fertilizer pollution caused by traditional rice cultivation.

2011

SITE PHOTOS

22.00

Embankment planting

The two villages are more connected.

Build bridges and new paths. Planting flood-control forest belts on embankments.

RICE-FISH FARMING DEVELOPMENT

0.35

0.5

21.50

Highlands can be used as the basis for developing dryland agriculture.

The culture of fish farming in paddy fields is called “minapadi” by Indonesians. It has a long history in Indonesia.

The farmland away from the river bank is facing the problem of irrigation in the dry season.

Losses(Billion Rp)

25.00

#04 IRRIGATION SYSTEM

Increase the mutual connection between the two villages.

ECONOMY

IRRIGATION PATTERN IMPROVEMENT

Traditional rice cultivation requires high irrigation, but the economic efficiency is relatively low.

2

#03 POND AND DRAINAGE

The accessibility of the village to the outside world during the flood.

Floods introduced are also considered to solve the irrigation problem of the site away from the river bank.

Floods affect the safety of local villagers

3

#02 RESILIENT POLDER DIKES

Ensure the personal safety of the villagers during the flood.

FLOOD PROTECTION

Data source: Wignyosukarto BS, Mawandha HG, Jayadi R (2015) Mini Polders, as an Alternative of Flood Management in the Lower Bengawan Solo River. Irrigat Drainage Sys Eng 4: 131

2.5

Dike forest

#01 DRY RAISED AREA SOCIETY

POOR ACCESSIBILITY

THE OCCURRENCE OF FLOOD, 2007-2011

INTERVENTIONS

According to the analysis of flooding in the 2 years and 10 years return period of the site, 5 polders were proposed to resiliently control the flood.

As site is situated in the river meander with low natural levee, the pre-harvest floods cause huge losses to the prosperity almost every year.

25.00

Pool mud is used as fertiliser.

SUNGAI BENGAWAN SOLO POLICY

21.00

CONTEXT 0

10

50

100 m

Site location

#01 DRY RAISED AREA

DRY AGRICULTURE SECTION

PHASE 1

STAGE 1

Built hight ground

Flooded villagers

Flooded houses

Downstream control point: Stage hydrograph of Bojonegoro barrage

Dry agriculture

Existing farmland

Sumbangtimun & Kandangan

Bengawan Solo River

22.50

22.00

21.00

Bengawan Solo River 0

10m

0

10m

PROPOSED VIEW

The site is located in the villages of Sumbangtimun and Kandangan in the lower part of Bengawan Solo River, East Java. As it’s situated in the river meander with low natural levee, the pre-harvest floods causehuge losses to the agriculture almost every year. Also, the farmland away from the river bank is facing the problem of irrigation in the dry season. Therefore, the goal of this design is to combine flood protection, imigation pattems improvement and rice fish farming development, and to transform flood threats into the advantages of resilient agriculture by apply polder model. Polder is a piece of land protected from water by a system of dams and dikes and within which the water level can be regulated. Within the polder, the ditches and drains between the strips of land, carry the water to the bigger watercourses through which it flows to the pumping station. In this way excess water is removed through the sluice or by a pump into the river directly.

BOJONEGORO Locations

JAVA SEA

High ground

Upstream control point: Stage gauge of Karaiigiioiiqko

Settlement

Sungai Bengawan Solo River

Farmland

JAVA ISLAND

#02 RESILIENT POLDER DIKES

The site is located in the villages of Sumbangtimun and Kandangan in the lower reaches of the Solo River in Benga Bay, East Java. As it's situated in the river meander with low natural levee, the pre-harvest floods cause huge losses to the agriculture almost every year.

INDIA OCEAN

Data source: Wignyosukarto BS, Mawandha HG, Jayadi R (2015) Mini Polders, as an Alternative of Flood Management in the Lower Bengawan Solo River. Irrigat Drainage Sys Eng 4: 131

Riverside Agriculture

100 km

PHASE 2

STAGE 2

Dike plantation Existing farmland

MASTER PLAN Resilient polder dikes

0

100

200

300

400

Reservoir

500 m

21.50 23.50

No.5 Polder Divided into two small fields by the embankment

Locations Resilient polder dikes

23.00

24.00

22.50 21.00

24.50

Drainage

Water-pump

#03 POND AND DRAINAGE

No.4 Polder In the middle of two villages

23.50

STAGE1 3

RICE-FISHING FARMING SECTION

PHASE 3 Dry agriculture

Reservoir

Reservoir

Rice field

Fish pond field

Rice-fish farming 23.00

Reservoir

New Road

21.00

22.00

20.50

PROPOSED VIEW

21.00

23.00 23.80 22.00

21.00

Water-pump

Water-pump 23.50

Dry agriculture

22.50

23.50

Locations

Sample plan area

Pond and Drainage

21.00

No.1 Polder Fish rice cultivation pilot

No.2 Polder It can get water supply for No. 4 and No. 5 Polder

25.00

Rice-fish farming

Position line

#04 IRRIGATION SYSTEM PHASE4

STAGE 4

22.00

New Road

Dike forest

Reservoir

Drainage

Rice-fish farming

21.00

Reservoir

E

Water gate and bridge

A

Fish pond field

E B

Reservoir

A

Water gate and bridge

Drainage

D C

B

Water-pump

D

C

No.3 Polder The only one to retain the original agricultural model

23.00 Locations

Section index 22.00

Pump room main location

Position line

24.00 Reservoir Water-pump

PROPOSED BIRD VIEW

A

SOCIETY

Section line

EXISTING FLOOD IMPACT

EXISTING SECTIONS

PROPOSED FLOOD IMPACT

PROPOSED SECTIONS

Inundation depth<1m

21.00

According to the analysis of flooding in the 2 years and 10 years return period of the site, 5 polders were porposed to resiliently control the flood. To begin a rice-fish operation, Farmers will dig a small pond or trench in the low-lying areas of rice fields to provide deeper water “refuges” for fish. The excavated soil could be used to construct the dikes of Polder This is a smart landscape and a measure to get a double benefit.

Low bank

Rice Agriculture

21.00

22.00

22.00

Constant water level

Water level of 2-year Flood Return Period

Constant water level

Water level of 2-year Flood Return Period

Water level of 10-year Flood Return Period

21.00

A-A

Data source: Wignyosukarto BS, Mawandha HG, Jayadi R (2015) Mini Polders, as an Alternative of Flood Management in the Lower Bengawan Solo River. Irrigat Drainage Sys Eng 4: 131

B-B

Water level of 2-year Flood Return Period

Constant water level

Water level of 2-year Flood Return Period

Constant water level

Water level of 2-year Flood Return Period

22.00

Water level of 10-year Flood Return Period

21.00

22.00

Constant water level

Water level of 2-year Flood Return Period

Constant water level

Water level of 2-year Flood Return Period

Water level of 10-year Flood Return Period

23.00 A-A

Water level of 10-year Flood Return Period

23.00

Constant water level

Polders which will be submerged within 2 years

Inundation depth>1m

23.00

Water level of 10-year Flood Return Period

23.00 B-B

Inundation Condition of 2-year Flood Return Period

Constant water level

Water level of 2-year Flood Return Period

Constant water level

Water level of 2-year Flood Return Period

Constant water level

Water level of 2-year Flood Return Period

Water level of 10-year Flood Return Period

Proposed flooding area in 2 years

Inundation depth<1m

21.00

21.00

22.00

22.00

22.00

23.00 C-C

Inundation depth>1m

21.00

22.00

23.00

21.00

D-D Water level of 10-year Flood Return Period 0

23.00 E-E

100m

Data source: Wignyosukarto BS, Mawandha HG, Jayadi R (2015) Mini Polders, as an Alternative of Flood Management in the Lower Bengawan Solo River. Irrigat Drainage Sys Eng 4: 131

Inundation Condition of 10-year Flood Return Period

22.00

Polders which will be submerged within 10 years

C-C

Water level of 10-year Flood Return Period

23.00

Water level of 10-year Flood Return Period

23.00 D-D

23.00

Water level of 10-year Flood Return Period 0 E-E

100m

Proposed flooding area in 10 years

Duan Wenlin, William

HongKong University, Faculty of Architecture


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

THE SHAPE OF WATER

The vacant village produced by Chinaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s urbanization process has become one of the thorniest problems in the rural remolding policy. In the design. The Shengshou Village is chosen as our research object, where the problems of water and soil pollution, waste of land resource and low utilization of riverside belt exist. With the purpose of activating the resilience of eco-social system of the mentioned village, the design proposes a plan to recover the resilience of water system, adjust cross-scale rural residential area, construct green infrastructure network and reconstruct the flood prevention embankment based on the interdisciplinary considerations. Adaptive cycle of resilience of eco-social system, Cross-scale Effect and transformability. The implementation of the design comprise three stages: This first stage is committed to repairing water and soil pollution, and recovering bio-diversity in the mentioned village through establishing concentrated residential area and three-layer purification system (combining farmland, wetland riverside belt). The second stage centers on ecosystem improvements and landscape formation, during which the construction of green infrastructure is begun and village residential area and riverside belt area is connected for the purpose of providing humans and animals with nonmotorized traffic system. Meanwhile, diversified landscape space is shaped through the development of commercial crops in accordance with local characteristics.

Yang Liu, Zhu Hui-ru, Zhu Jing, Kong Yong-jun Chengdu University of Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards Cause analysis.

Water is the core of the problem.To mobilize all social strata in the system construction of ecological wetland,with the help of irreconcilable contradictions between the local residents' vital interests and the income of the illegal aliens, realize the the strong maintenance and management of the late system. At the same time, through the political influence of the upper managers and the support of the lower managers, the whole system is formed from the bottom up.

Before building sluices on the five rivers and the upper Yangtze river: Wet season:The Yangtze river to poyang lake: top - to - and inverted - irrigation to raise the water level of poyang lake.The total flow rate of five rivers to poyang lake from April to june is the largest. Dry season:Poyang lake continues to flow to the Yangtze river, and the water level of poyang lake decreases. After building sluices on the five rivers and the upper Yangtze river: The water level in the lake area of poyang lake was uplifted from January. to june to facilitate production and living.but in Octobor ,The reservoir impoundment is the beginning of the dry period of poyang lake basin,The reservoir impoundment speeds up the water level in poyang lake.It makes poyang lake dry season ahead of time.

industry runis

The precipitation characteristics of poyang lake in normal years: Precipitation increased rapidly from January to June.Heavy precipitation is concentrated in April to June.Peak rainfall in June.In July, precipitation fell sharply, and the months continued to fall, reaching a minimum in October. Because of global warming.The amount of evapotranspiration from July to October was greater than that of precipitation in recent years.As a result, the drought in the poyang lake basin will be brought forward to August to September, and in a certain extent, the dry period is advanced and the deadline is extended.

country side mudflat area of drought period

In the tang, song and yuan dynasties, the area of poyang lake was the largest.

Section A:Year5

Construction of large area Wetland between low water line and wet line

•According to the wetland surrounding environment ecological wetland with different types of education meaning, the industrial site theme wetland park, urban ecological park and aquaculture pilot ecological wetland types •Promote local economic development with the help of ecological wetland tourism, and crack down on illegal and nonecological industries (such as sanding fish, Fried fish, etc.)

cape

lands

dary

secon

axis

The change of water consumptio Five years on geographical investigation to determine the extent of large wetlands in terms of area,impact severity, etc. Such as exist in separate types of solving the problem of population,industry surrounding the wetland during the dry season water, in the form of wetland ecological balance to maintain the surrounding areas, improve the quality of water, the initial development of tourism industry and other industries.

Tang, song and yuan dynasties.

I n 2 0 0 9 , t h e I n 2 0 11 , t h e d r y lakeside community season arrived 57 was completely shut days early. down.

Ming and qing New China vigorously The flood in 1998. dynasties. developed agriculture.

landscape

History deduction

Section B:Year 10 Construction of the Sluice between Wetland and PoyangLake and around tiny Wetland In 2016, the white-flag The changing distribution of sand dredge dolphin was declared functionally extinct.

Since 2002, dredging industry has been vigorously developed.

The current situation of poyang lake.

•The construction of ecological wetland is preliminarily completed and the aquaculture development of each wetland is carried out on this basis. •The third industry tourism as the center of economic development, gradually eliminate the sand mining industry.

During the year2000-2010,the sand area of poyang lake is about260.4 square kilometre,dredging average depth is 4.95 meter.Sand production come up to1.29×10 9 square kilometre or 2154 Mt,the volume of the poyang lake has increased by 6.5%.It is seven times as much as the natural deposit of poyang lake after 1955-2010.

water level in drought period is falling

the area of riverbed section is extending

The development of sand mining ship quantities

Plant evolution

glass

glass

land emergi

emerging

plant

d plant

wetland

Field dominated by the aquaculture industry:

vegetation

Section C:Year 15

water level

•With the local farmers to build a dish - shaped lake in combination with the development of theCage-Culture . •Gradually, the illegal and bad industries should be replaced by the eco-agriculture fishery and tourism industry, and the local workers' enthusiasm will be used to crack down on the profit-making activities of the illegal immigrants. •Through the development of the wetland system of the poyang lake, the ecological and economic development of the surrounding urban tourism economy will be promoted.

land

emerging

submerge

Sand mining ship distribution

aquatic tanimal

glass

land

submer ged plant

poyang lake of drought period

field dominanted by ecological tourism

Wetland Desigh

Five years to connect between large wetland, according to the actual situation in the main junction and the tributary of poyang lake in the form of building sluices, so as to realize the water supply to poyang lake in dry season to achieve greater ecological elastic equilibrium vision. Along the wetland and tributaries establish small wetland to gradually expand the scope of the wetland system.

birds

As the water level drops, the plants are evolving, breaking the balance

landscape nodes

field dominated by the aquaculture industry

industrial ruins for education

Change of riverbed and water level

ng plant

The big bubbles connect the lake and the tributaries of poyang lake and separate from the waters of poyang lake. The big bubble is connected with the surrounding small bubble to form a relatively independent storage system. It is also planned as a “15-year plan” to “return farmland to the lake” from the area of water. At the same time, we fully consider the industrial and economic problems of the dry period, and construct different wetland landscapes in combination with different environment. To restore the elasticity of poyang lake from the aspects of physics, ecology and economy.

Fifteen year plan ht period

scope of project

In recent years, the water level of poyang lake has been getting lower and lower during the dry period, and the duration of the dry period is getting longer and longer. This has had a negative impact on local ecology, human activities and the economy. The situation also appears in dongting lake, which has been controversial for years. In order to alleviate this problem, we intend to establish several “bubble wetlands” directly on the shoreline of the dry water and the shoreline of the fengshui period.

line of wet

period

Strategy

line of droug

ELASTIC BUBBLES

Elastic Bubbles In recent years, the water level of poyang lake has been getting lower and lower during the dry period, and the duration of the dry period is getting longer and longer. This has had a negative impact on local ecology, human activities and the economy. The situation also appears in dongting lake, which has been controversial for years. In order to alleviate this problem, we intend to establish several "bubble wetlands" directly on the shoreline of the dry water and the shoreline of the fengshui period. The big bubbles connect the lake and the tributaries of poyang lake and separate from the waters of poyang lake. The big bubble is connected with the surrounding small bubble to form a relatively independent storage system. It is also planned as a "15-year plan" to "return farmland to the lake" from the area of water. At the same time, we fully consider the industrial and economic problems of the dry period, and construct different wetland landscapes in combination with different environment. To restore the elasticity of poyang lake from the aspects of physics, ecology and economy.

main axis

UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

plant

Expansion of Microwetlands around PoyangLake

The industrial development

We using elastic design to create ecological landscape and human activities under different water level conditions.Drive the local economy and give priority to the development of tertiary industry.During the flood period, the wetland meets the surface of poyang lake.During the dry period, the wetland is separated from the surface of poyang lake.Bare beach can be used as the activity space of tourists.

Indusrial ruins for education: We using elatic design to create education of landscape.The preservation of old industrial sites and sand mining sites has played a role of urban education environment.In the design of three types of wetlands, they made the least change.By means of incomplete design, the present situation of dry water is presented to the educated.

Field dominated by the aquaculture industry:

Before 2007 the number of sand mining ships is increasing obviously.Affected by the ordinance,the number of dredging ships decreased significantly in 2008 and 2009. But it is driven by high profits in the sand mining industry.The phenomenon of theft is widespread, and the number of dredging ships increased in 2010.

In poyang lake sand mining behavior significantly change the morphology of poyang lake, especially into the rivers that dig deep excavation width, increase the water cross section area, make the same water level of poyang lake water injection rate is accelerated, to a certain extent,the dry period of poyang lake in autumn and winter has been advanced and extended.

Five years of survey can be used to establish relatively tiny surrounding the Poyang lake wetland are,in the form of a basement-patch-corridor backstepping,on the premise of established corridor rich tiny patches to expand the influence of the whole, and to push forward fisheries aquaculture enhance manual for maintenance and management of wetland, and increase the economic income of nursing managers.Under the premise of development and stability to the implementation of the further development of relevant industrial chain of the third industry.

We using elatic design to create aquaculture industry landscape.The extension of the dry period will seriously affect the fishermen's interests.We have designed some small wetlands as separate cages for fish farms.It has improved the existing problems of dry water and surrounding fishermen. It also allows agriculture and fisheries to develop at the same time, which indirectly inhibits the overcultivation of farmland.

biodiversity

Anas platyrhynchos Linnaeus Anser cygnoides

Anser albifrons

Ciconia boyciana Grus leucogeranus Platalea leucorodia Neosalanx taihuensis Ctenopharyngod Mylopharyngod Pseudorasbora

Aythya baeri Cygnus columbianus

Geographic analysis

Upland

Grus monacha

Platalea minor

Back Snamp

Anguilla japonica

Squaliobarbus

Coilia ectenes Abbottina rivularis Cobitis sinensis Sarcocheilichthys

Moutain

Oxbow Lake

Arundinella Astragalus sinicus L. Cynodon dactylon Eremochloa

Arundo donax

Ceratophyllum Eichhornia crassipes Imperata

Lemna minor L. arundinacea L.

Nelumbo nucifera Phragmites

Potamogeton Vallisneria natans

Trapa incisa

Zizania latifolia

Mudflat

Fengfei Wang, Zitong Zhao, Qingqiu

Central South University of Forestry and Technology


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

CHINA CLOUD CITY

The CHINA CLOUD CITY has the connotation of a creation city , the restoration of ecological space, the regeneration of resources, the responding action to natural disaster,in which the cloud factory can digest the garbage in China to achieve the reues of resources.THE CLOUD CORE is the Terminal information Processing Center of the whole factory which can integrate essencial data of the city.These geographic data and human resources can be the important way to rebuild the broken city ,and also realize the intelligent city.It also has the meaning of the sharing, through the cloud between two far city,cloud core can form a information flow network pattern.Cloud has the image of clean power and dynamic changes which is our future visualization of the city resilience. Chinaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s urbanization process has produced a serious shortage of resources and environmental degradation, the position in Zhejiang Cangnan has more than 70 years of mining history and recycled fiber industry base, he is facing frequent typhoons, community weakened, mountain fragmentation, poor production environment and other acute problems.

Yu Li, Guo Feng, Chen Zhiheng, Wang Jialei Lishui University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

LIQUIFY THE SYSTEM FROM THE FOG

In the past fifty years, the fast urbanization have impelled a rapid vicissitude of the urban space form in Latin America, particularly the peripheral and vacant land of cities invaded by the poor migrants. These informal settlements have complex social implications and play an important role in defining the economy, spatial growth and evolution of many cities. Meanwhile, they are serious threatens comprising sanitation, legal, physical, aesthetical and environmental problems, while there is still a possibility of regulating them to trigger positive urban changes to tackle the lack of affordable housing and infrastructure in particular distressed conditions. The project is in San Juan de Miraflores, a barriada located in the west southern of LimaPeru, and it is isolated by “wall of shame” from affluent neighborhood. The purpose of the project is to explore a community organization triggered by a unit facility which can boost the upgrading capacity of the barriadas and to turn them into less vulnerable , more resilient and more environmentally-oriented places. The unit facility consists of two parts—— the fog collector and the biogas producer. It can solves the infrastructure problems in this area step by step, and benefits multi-field exchanges between subsystems of urban area. Ultimately, the wall as the epitome of the conflict between two subsystems of the urban system will be dissolved.

Shutao Gong, Qing Zhang, Shuzhen Gao, Tongtong, Yingying Zheng Zhejiang A&F University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

A BRIDGE BETWEEN THE PAST AND THE FUTURE

Darin Tarek, Ramy Nasser, Fatma Ahmed Bahget, Maunira Gamal, Mohamed Ahmed Zaki MTI University, Egypt


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

GROWING FORTIFICATION FOR SANTA ROSA The number and scale of WUI has been growing in California for decades as a result of urban sprawl.Residential, public buildings and activity sites continue to encroach on the forest boundary along the road.The forest near the city is being destroyed.In recent years, the increasingly severe forest fires have caused WUI to continue to be engulfed by flames, and the safety of residentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; life and property is under unprecedented threat. The program is based on northern Santa Rosa county, California. It aims at finding a new balance between human essential activities and the conservation of forest ecology. This design will be divided into four phases. First of all, in the face of the fact that WUI is difficult to move in a short period of time, various landscape methods are combined with multidisciplinary methods to protect the existing WUIs. Then, move out of all WUIs and gradually restore the damaged ecology. By the third stage, all protection measures will be fully matured, and the site where WUI is located will be transformed into various event spaces and commercial lands.In the end, Fire-fighting forest belts and primary forests evolve into forests dominated by broad-leaved trees.Most of the WUI migrate to the periphery of the city, most of the land is returned to the forest, and a small portion is left as a country park.

Yao Mengwen, Lv Dongfang, Xu Huang Cheng, Li Ye, He Jiali Zhejiang Agriculture & Forestry University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

WET-DRY MARSH DYNAMIC RECLAMATION LOCAL LIFE RESOURCE

Masterplan

Wet-dry marsh dynamic reclamation: Local life resource Nhongdae wetland, Udonthani city, Thailand Main area for community to collect natural products.

Local community way of life intertwined with goods and products from natural wetland dynamics. Wetland degradation vvvoccurred throughout Thailand north-eastern region due to rapid urban expansion threaten and changed local communities. “Nhongdae” is one of the degraded wetland in the fringe of Udonthani, rapidly developing province in North-eastern Thailand. Nongdae was excavated by local government in attempt to turn the wetland in to water retention basin. The wetland thus loss its ecological services to supply local community.

Section C

H.W.L 171 W.L. 170 L.W. 169 B.L. 168

Section B

H.W.L 171 W.L. 170 L.W. 169 B.L. 166

Core area of wetland park for recreation and education

Wetland wildlife conservation area

Udonthani province

Degraded wetlands from land development

Thailand

Living with Nhongdae wetlavnd Local farmers wetland utilization

Udonthani cityy Fish collecting

Existing wetlands in Udonthani city

Indigeneous marsh wetland in Esan

Pod fern collecting

Pod fern collecting

Bulrush collecting

Red water lily collecting

Seasonal water level

Rock salt geographical condition of Huay lhuang watershed in Udonthani province

Section A

DEC - ARP

Drought season MAY - AUG

H.W.L 171 W.L. 170 L.W. 169 B.L. 168

Wet-dry marsh dynamic reclamation: Local life resource, Nhongdae wetland, Udonthani city, Thailand Local community way of life intertwined with goods and products from natural wetland dynamics. Wetland degradation occurred throughout Thailand north-eastern region due to rapid urban expansion threaten and changed local communities. “Nhongdae” is one of the degraded wetland in the fringe of Udonthani, rapidly developing province in North-eastern Thailand. This site is a shallow basin, seasonal freshwater marsh, which is dominant type of wetland scatter in the region. This highly productive landscape is influenced by dynamic of water level. It is a natural storm water catchment area and became a 3-4 months lake in rainy season, dry out and became utilizable land in drought season. The wet-dry landscape characters provided biodiversity richness and lift of the land benefits for local community. Nhongdae was excavated by local government in attempt to turn the wetland in to water retention basin. The wetland thus loss natural water dynamics, the water level has changes drastically and can no longer provide support for local communities. To reclaim the wetland the project studied hydrological pattern and proposed water flow management to mimicked that of the natural. Reintroduced the wet-dry edge highly productive landscape dynamic. These two major efforts are to revive the wetland. For a natural element to last and stay function in the ever-expanding city is to make people realized the values. Education trails and water adaptive recreation area were designed according to the natural dynamic.

SEP - NOV

Landscape function of productive marsh productive wetland

Calandar of native aqutic plants JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC

Rainy season

Water level

Legend

Green corridor to Nhongdae wetland

Graded elevation

Pod Fern

1) Recreation and sport area 2) Multipurpose eld (Detention area) 3) Wetland Learning center 4) Observation tower 5) Main open space 6) Great bamboo bridge 7) Island 8) Wetland bird habitat

Finger grass Red water lily Bulrush

Site Analysis Elevation

Catchment Area

To reclaim the wetland the project studied hydrological pattern and proposed water ow management to mimicked that of the natural. Reintroduced the wet-dry edge highly productive landscape dynamic. These two major efforts are to revive the wetland. For a natural element to last and stay function in the ever-expanding city is to make people realized the values. Education trails and water adaptive recreation area were designed according to the natural dynamic.

Restoration process Year 0

Year 1

Existing condition - graded steep slope not suitable for plants and wild life habitat.

- graded gentle bank slope with various depth and width suitable for diverse type of planting.

Year 2

- proposed water inlet and constructed bioswale as riparian buffer for dynamic strom water management.

Design Purpose

Year 3-5

- Bank slope protection by pioneer local wetland grasses and trees. Biodiversity monitoring program initiative, monitoring

Concept and solution

Neighbourhood context

- Short life cycle plants grown and withered along the wet-dry water dynamic enriching the wetland soil.

Existing levee

Zoning Community

30 m. wide dirt levee

4 m. deep pond

Riparian zone: more diverse habitats

Community

Bioswale

Bike lane

High marsh

Low marsh

open water area

The function layer of wetland After the restoration, Integrity marsh wetland has multidimension of function. It can be the habitat for wildlife, the food resource for local community and the recreation space for people in both local and urban area.

4 m. deep pond

Section A: Local community space and shing pier

Circulation

Section B: Equatic plant research and education

Education

Recreation

Dry season

Dry season

Wet season

Wet season

Livelihood

Section C: Wetland wildlife habitat observation zone

Integrity freshwater wetland

Nissa Phloi-montri

Chulalongkorn University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

PAIN POINT THE GROWTH AND RENEWAL OF RESTORATIVE The project is located in Weihe, Shaanxi Province, China. It originated in bird rat mountain in Weiyuan County, Gansu Province, and was injected into the Yellow River in Tongguan County, Shaanxi province. In recent years, the ecological system of the Weihe basin, which has been developing socioeconomic and growing, is facing the problems of water, water, water pollution and so on, which seriously affects the development of ecology and economy. Therefore, we should take a step by step strategy for the current situation of Weihe basin. In the Baoji section of the upper reaches of Weihe in Shaanxi, the water pollution is aggravated, the drainage is used as a wetland landscape, and the biodepressions are detained in the low-lying land, and the ecological landscape of the human and biofriendly Weihe is made;In the middle reaches of Xi’an, the level of population urbanization is high and the riverfront landscape along the river is taken as an ecological green corridor in Xi’an city;In the lower reaches of Weihe, the terrain is flat and open, making the urban farm landscape and giving play to the role of Weihe’s additional agricultural products. The effects of different stages of Weihe in the next twenty years are viewed from the overall planning, the river beach diversity treatment, the analysis of the bank profile and the reutilization of the sediment.

Qu Yu, Lin Zhixin, Jin Yi

Xi’An Eurasia University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

The geographical location map

THE INTERLACED NET

THE INTERLACED NET

Ecological restoration, Economic resurgence,Activate the community vitality:A elastic system design to enhance rural vitality Policies and village change analysis Yuan

Zhangjiakou's per capita income 40000 Zhangjiakou rural's per capita income Fangkou village's per capita income Percentage of the forestry and grass coverage Aging population 30000 Labor force population

Foreign investment and tourists

20000

10000

0

1990

1995

2000

2001

2005

2008

2010

2015

2017

Farming&Fruit tree forest Vegetation(soil conservation) Irrigation point location

Events

Capital intervention

Temperature and precipitation map

0

40

Village building

20

30

Diurnal temperature(max)

Maximum air temperature

Irrigation area Water collection lines

Minimum air temperature

Amount of precipitation

Water collecting node

40

20

60

10

80

0

100

-10 Jan

N

0

20m

50m

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

June

July

Sep

Aug

Oct

Nov

Dec

Rural vitalization is currently a central issue in China, with relevant policies coming out, large amount of capital is being accumulated and many forces of design are involved. Though that rural reformation has become a fashion, we are more concerned about some essential issues such as ecology, industries, community vitality, as well as the resilience and applicability of theories of landscape when dealing with these issues. We constructed an environmental system which involves all kinds of spatial elements in order to build up an interconnected and elastic net of practical strategies. The location in our design proposal is Fangkou Village, Zhangjiakou City, Hebei Province, China. Though that China’s implemented policy of returning farmland to forest has efficiently slowed down the process of desertification and soil erosion, the uncircumspect implementation in Fangkou village has overturned its original industries in the meantime. As a result, population of Fangkou is aging at 100 percent and the economy is in recession. Constant forestation makes the ecosystem vulnerable and many species are extinguishing. With additional causes like declination of groundwater level and poor soil, Fangkou has become a member of China’s “declining villages”. This village never encounters natural disasters, and it has nothing special compared to any others, however, this ordinariness exactly reflects essential and nationwide problems, which are unavoidable and exactly what we have to fight against.

100m

Concept map

Taihang Mountains

North China Plain

Yanshan Mountains

Bohai

2000m Provincial hub 1

Provincial hub 2

Provincial hub 3

Provincial hub 4

1500m

1000m Landscape node 1

Landscape node 1

Landscape node 1

Landscape node 1

Landscape node 2

Landscape node 3

Landscape node 4

500m

Fang Kou Village,Huailai , Hebei (40°23′N,115°84′E)

0 113

114

118

115

119

121

120

Landscape node 2

Landscape node 3

Landscape node 4

Landscape node 5

Landscape node 2

Landscape node 3

Landscape node 4

Landscape node 5

Landscape node 2

Landscape node 3

117

116

Vegetation configuration Year one Biologic chain repair

Sep

Through the slope gradient, slope, solar radiation and elevation, the combination of analysis of 11 different types of plants.Including the late prophase of sand-fixation solid earth and water plants, with different levels of time, different plant configuration in regional ecological restoration, economic value and landscape aesthetic triple benefits.

3

Mar

Cotinus coggygria Scop.

Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco

Betula albo-sinensis Burk.

PopulusL.

Hippophae rhamnoides Linn.

Betula platyphylla Suk.

Robinia pseudoacacia Linn.

Berberis kawakamii Hayata

Berberis thunbergii var. atrop urpurea Chenault

Betula platyphylla Suk.

Rhododendron Turcz. micranthum

Cytisus scoparius (L. ) link

Landscape node 6

Landscape node 6

Landscape node 4

Landscape node 5

Landscape node 6

Lycium chinense Mill.

Pinus tabulaeformis Carr.

Caragana Korshinskii Kom

Quercus Linn

Lespedeza floribunda Bunge

Betula albo-sinensis Burk.

Lespedeza davurica

Vegetation and groundwater level change

Fagopyrum cymosum meisn Spiraea salicifolia L.

Sorbaria sorbifolia (L.)A. Br Medicago sativa L.

Kalimeris indica (Linn.) Sch.

Green manure

Pulsatilla chinensis (Bunge)Regel

Increasing scope of agricultural land

2`

Xanthium sibiricum Patrin ex Widder

5th-10th years

Jun

2033

2021 2024

Medicago sativa L. Delphinium grandiflorum L. Kalimeris indica (Linn.) Sch.

Catchment analysis

Jun

WORKING

H e m e r o c a l l i s d u m o r t i e r i Morr. Fagopyrum cymosum

REST

2030

PROCESSING WORKSHOP

1st floor plan

LAWN

SCREENING WORKSHOP

2nd floor plan

3`

3.OFFICE 4.PIAZZA 5.HIGHWAY

Rest

GARBAGE DISPOSAL

1.WAREHOUSE 2.STAFF LOUNGE

STAY STEPS

Astragalus adsurgens Pall. Tribulus terrestris Chloris virgata Swartz Humulus scandens (Lour.) Merr. Setaria viridis (L.) Beauv. Eragrostis pilosa (L.)Beauv. Lilium pumilum DC. Elsholtzia stauntoni Benth.

Corn

Flax

2018

Original product entrance

TOILET

ENTRANCE REST

1

2027

1`

Solar radiation HABITANCY WORKING VISITOR STAFF

4322981-4762137 4065545-4322981 5th-10th years

1st-3rd years

10th-20th years

3rd-5th years

3823252-4065545

Cytisus scoparius (L. ) link

3565816-3823252 3278094-3565816

Amorpha fruticosa Linn. Caragana Korshinskii Kom

1st-3rd years

20th-50th years

3rd-5th years

Sabina vulgaris Lonicera japonica Thunb.

Sorbaria kirilowii (Regel) Maxim

Slope aspect

Sorbaria sorbifolia(L.)A. Br Berberis thunbergii var. atrop urpurea Chenault

plane north

Cover plant

Forsythia suspensa

BOILER ROOM

STAND-SINK

WATER TREATMENT

CISTERN STAGE

1.FRUIT COLLECTION

COMMUNICATION STANG-BASIN

3.PROCESSING WORKSHOP

REST REPAIR

4.WAREHOUSE 5.GARAGE 6.BOILER ROOM 7.GARBAGE DISPOSAL

WAREHOUSE

GARAGE GUARD ROOM PASSAGEWAY

WAREHOUSE PASSAGEWAY GROW SEEDLINGS

Human

SQUARE

Vehicle

9.SETTLING BASIN 10.COLLECTING BASIN

east southeast

Green manure

2.SCREENING WORKSHOP

8.CANALS

northeast

Shrubland

Armeniaca vulgaris Lam.

south southwest

Trees

COMMUNICATION

Indigofera amblyantha Hippophae rhamnoides Linn. Ephedra sinica Stapf Rosa xanthina Lindl.

Sep

Potato

PLATFORM

Lespedeza davurica

2914655-3278094 900596-2914655

Spring wheat

Mar

10th-20th years

WATER TOWER OVERLOOK

3rd floor plan

11.SIGHTSEEING

Robinia pseudoacacia cv. idaho

VIEW PASSAGE

2

The design site is located in Fangkou Village, Zhangjiakou City, Hebei Province, China.The village has received attention after the “Rural vitalization” policy was introduced. However, like most of the existing villages in China, it has no characteristics, no big disasters but problems in all aspects.It’s unavoidable and exactly we have to fight against.In the face of problems left over by history and prospects for the future, we cut through three aspects: ecology, economy, and community vitality. We have constructed a system that derives secondary directions in three major directions, and at the same time, these directions are intertwined. The abundant and resilient network has enhanced the vitality and sustainability of the village, and at the same time it has also provided a possibility, a model that can spread and spread.

Pinus tabulaeformis Carr. Koelreuteria paniculata L axm.

west northwest

Amygdalus triloba

Diospyros kaki

Thunb.

Castanea mollissima Blume

north

Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge Prunus salicina Lindl.

Green manure 20th-50th years

Prunus Cerasifera Ehrhar f. atropurpurea (Jacq.) Rehd.

Slope

Year three

0-2 2-6

Year two

Corn

6-10 10-15 15-20

Use of water

45-65

Crop rotation system

This is an evolving landscape, by controlling the distribution of water control the evolution of the fruit industry and forestry, natural recovery and some parts of the implementation of the concept of deep-ecology species becomes rich, food chain stronger.

Abies fabri (Mast.)Craib Larix gmelinii (Rupr.) Kuzen. Picea asperata Mast.

20-25 25-45

Spring wheat

Altitude 1175000-1205000

Sep

1145000-1175000

Mar

1115000-1145000 1085000-1115000 1055000-1085000 1025000-1055000

Store water

Farming

995000-1025000

Armeniaca vulgaris Lam. Diospyros kaki Thunb. Juglans Castanea mollissima Blume Fisch

Glycine max (Linn.) Merr. Zea mays L. Solanum tuberosum L. Triticum aestivum L.

Amorpha fruticosa Linn. Sabina vulgaris Platycladus orientalis(L.) Franco

995000-1025000

Jun

PopulusL. A ilanthus altissima (Mill.) Robinia pseudoacacia Linn. Juglans Corylus heterophylla Fisch Robinia pseudoacacia cv. idaho Castanea mollissima Blume

995000-1025000 995000-1025000

Ziziphus jujuba Mill. var. spinosa (Bunge) Hu ex H.

995000-1025000

Granite

2-2` Section

3-3` Section

4-4` Section

995000-1025000

Vegetation Fruit growing

Soil

Topsoil Sandy soil

1-1` Section

F. Chow Prunus Cerasifera Ehrhar f. atropurpurea (Jacq.) Rehd.

995000-1025000

Agricultural node&Crop rotation system

The soil fertility

The future vision

List of plant configuration

Landscape value

The present situation of the soil

Maple leaf area Broadleaved deciduous forest

Industry

Olid ability to soil

PopulusL. Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Robinia pseudoacacia Linn. Juglans Corylus heterophylla Fisch Robinia pseudoacacia cv. idaho Castanea mollissima Blume Ziziphus jujuba Mill. var. spinosa (Bunge) Hu ex H.

Apr

May

June

July

Aug

Sep

On the basis of this network, the radiation range of irrigation point is analyzed and the water storage point is increased reasonably, which makes this system more efficient.

Ecology

As the most effective restoration ecological zone, irrigated area has been arranged in this area, and the irrigation system is gradually converted from the irrigation of plants to the irrigation of agroforestry, which makes the irrigation system more efficient.

Water collecting equipment structure

Cotinus coggygria Scop.

Broadleaf-conifer forest

Betula albo-sinensis Burk.

Betula platyphylla Suk.

Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco

Berberis thunbergii var. atrop urpurea Chenault

PopulusL. Robinia pseudoacacia Linn. Betula platyphylla Suk. Pinus tabulaeformis Carr. Quercus Linn Betula albo-sinensis Burk.

F. Chow Prunus Cerasifera Ehrhar f. atropurpurea (Jacq.) Rehd.

Repair the natural

Water cycle system

Economy

Population back

Tourism

Coniferous forests Broadleaved deciduous forest

Abies fabri (Mast.)Craib Larix gmelinii (Rupr.) Kuzen. Picea asperata Mast.

Armeniaca vulgaris Lam. Robinia pseudoacacia cv. idaho Pinus tabulaeformis Carr. Koelreuteria paniculata L axm. Amygdalus triloba Diospyros kaki Thunb. Castanea mollissima Blume Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge Prunus salicina Lindl. Prunus Cerasifera Ehrhar f atropurpurea (Jacq.) Rehd.

.

Sunny slope/Semi-sunny slope

Community(Village)

Shady slope/Semi-cloudy slope

Jobs Meadow thicket Cytisus scoparius (L. ) link

Hippophae rhamnoides Linn.

Rainwater management system

Shrubland

Meadow

Rhododendron Turcz. micranthum

Cytisus scoparius (L. ) link

Lycium chinense Mill.

Amorpha fruticosa Linn. Caragana Korshinskii Kom

Medicago sativa L. Delphinium grandiflorum L. Kalimeris indica (Linn.) Sch.

Berberis kawakamii Hayata

Research and cultivation of the environment

The spirit of place

Product processing

Caragana Korshinskii Kom

Lespedeza floribunda Bunge

Lespedeza davurica

Lespedeza davurica

Indigofera amblyantha Hippophae rhamnoides Linn.

Fagopyrum cymosum meisn

Ephedra sinica Stapf

Spiraea salicifolia L.(L.)A.

Sorbaria sorbifolia

Sabina vulgaris

Br

Rosa xanthina Lindl.

Medicago sativa L.

Lonicera japonica Thunb.

Kalimeris indica (Linn.) Sch.

Sorbaria kirilowii (Regel) Maxim

Pulsatilla chinensis (Bunge)Regel

Sorbaria sorbifolia(L.)A. Br

Xanthium sibiricum Patrin ex Widder

H e m e r o c a l l i s d u m o r t i e r i Morr. Fagopyrum cymosum Astragalus adsurgens Pall. Tribulus terrestris Chloris virgata Swartz Humulus scandens (Lour.) Merr. Setaria viridis (L.) Beauv. Eragrostis pilosa (L.)Beauv. Lilium pumilum DC. Elsholtzia stauntoni Benth.

Berberis thunbergii var. atrop urpurea Chenault Forsythia suspensa

Spirituality space

Living space Hilltop Hotel&Water tower

Research centre

Jan

Feb

Mar

Oct

Nov

Dec

The water system The combination of water and plant soil characteristics forms an interwoven network. First of all, according to the gis analysis of the mountain catchment line, contact the village situation, obtained four key water storage points.

Light factory

Among the plants we selected, the plants with strong soil and soil ability were selected. Under the premise of topographic analysis, the natural network was formed by reasonable distribution of plants in the mountains.

Theatre&The big well

The ecological restoration needs long-term detection, research and cultivations, so a micro ecological research center has been set up in the village.

After the restoration of agricultural and fruit industry, it should bring higher income to peasant farmers. The light processing factory set up at the entrance of the main roads can extend the industrial chain and provide jobs to raise the living standards.

The original puddle has dried up in the village. While recovering its original functions, we also inject new vitality into it to re-plan its functions so that it becomes an open theater and evoke the place spirit.

The ecological restoration makes tourism develop well. The hilltop house has better accommodation and viewing experience. Meanwhile, the water tower built at high elevation can make full use of water’s pressure to irrigate or for emergency use. The two combination can create rich height differences and spatial variations.

Catchment

2-2` Section

2

1

2`

3-3` Section

1`

3 3`

1-1` Section

Wu wenqi, Zhang zhenyong, Guo Xuanyu, Tan Yuxia Tsinghua University


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards UNIVERSITY CATEGORY

GREEN PRAY

Due to soil erosion caused by the irrational development of Dabaoshan Mining Industry,the Hengshi River and its surrounding soil are contaminated with heavy metals, causing ecological imbalances and the appearance of â&#x20AC;&#x153;cancer villageâ&#x20AC;?. The project aims to establish a set of facilities consisting of plants and specific devices for the restoration of mine pits and soil as well as the purification of river, which will restore the local ecosystem, provide a livable environment and form a new type of elastic mechanism . Furthermore, a unique circulation model based on nature in the local area promotes economic development . Finally, mining industry, human and ecology will reach into a dynamic balance.

Liu Manbin, Zhang Ying, Pan Liuling, Wei Wenji, Lu Minhui

Guangzhou University


Treehouse, Singapore

COEN DESIGN INTERNATIONAL PTE LTD Design Philosophy We at COEN do things a little different. We have our heads in the clouds but our feet are firmly planted in the ground.

dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Nest, Singapore DUO, Singapore

We engage the site, to discover its hidden essence, so that it can be named and celebrated. We unearth what is hidden and cultivate with our landscape design, experiences that are both unique and vibrant. We hope that in the places and journeys we design for you, there will be discoveries newer orientations hitherto unnoticed. It is here the ground, the waters and the sky interweave where shadows and luminosity play their remarkable games.

Sky Habitat Singapore

Managing Director: Ann Teo Phone: +65 6844 9888 Email: ann@coen-design.com Website: www.coen-design.com


participants DIPLOMA category


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

SYMBIOTIC -CITY

Deforestation is one of the current issues in Indonesia. There are many causes of this problem. The population is one of them. From the past 10 years, Indonesia population keep increasing. When cities become over-populated, the human has a tendency to expand their footprint horizontally and indirectly, it affects wildlifeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s living system. Their footprint becomes smaller and smaller. This is the reason why extinction is a very common issue in Indonesia. Based on the research of World Wildlife Fund, The forest of Sumatra is home to some of the world rarest wildlife and plant species. The Land-conflict between Human and wildlife is a common issue as well since two of the creatures need to expand themselves and the one that always. Being in a disadvantaged position is wildlife since they cannot express their mind. In order to tackle this problem, the only way is to coexist human with wildlife (Nature). Symbiotic-City is a new living system between Human-Wildlife(Nature) that challenges the current way of living that has a tendency to isolate human with wildlife. The design strategy is to minimize the current footprint of the city which is very dense into 4 Super-Tower and let the wildlife penetrate through the city By doing so, nature (Wildlife) is automatically being restored without affecting the human living system since human expansion shift from horizontal expansion toward the vertical expansion. This design allows two of them to expand themselves freely and equally.

Andreas Tanjaya

Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

GREEN LUNGS

The ‘Green Lungs’ project is a project that focuses on bringing back the memory, heritage and biodiversity of the swamp land into urban areas while also creating a sustainable environment by having dense plantations to help purify the dirty water that is currently flowing through the river. Through this project, we hope to change the mindset of the people on how they interact with the water and also bring the people closer to the river. Being called the ‘Lung’ the wetland is a place of constant action. With the different tides throughout the days and years, the wetland provides varies activities for different users to interact with at different timings. The wetland consists of a playground, an amphitheater, a learning hub and also an exciting nature walk. When users cross the bridge from the other side of the river, they will be greeted by the learning hub. The learning hub is the main feature where the users will be able to walk around and learn the various types of plant species that has been used to help purify the water. Additionally, once abandoned warehouse that is near the area is converted into an event space where people can gather and enjoy various events by opening the front portion of the warehouse and adding an amphitheater where the events will be held.

Oh Ahrum

Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

OVERALL VIEW OF DESIGN LAYOUT

CORRI.DOORS

d Unit EXPLODED VIEW DIAGRAM EXPLODED VIEW DIAGRAM

Communal spaces for residents

Shared spaces with neighbours

PROPOSED SHARING UNIT DESIGN Elevation & Sections Roof Plan

CORRI.DOORS Existing Surrounding Trees

Space for activities for the public: Community kitchen/Meeting up/etc.

Foldable partition Lift Access

Floor Plan Sitting Area

Louvers

Foldable partition

Stairways

LEGEND:

Access points for residents

Stairways

Sitting Area Planter box

Semi Private Spaces

planter box

Proposed Landscape Area

PROPOSED MATERIAL

Elevation

INITIAL DESIGN

PROPOSAL 180M X 150M

The partition can be unfolded to create more privacy when needed. It also can be folded back to have the space shared with their neigbours when comfortable.

The vertical structure is located in between the existing utility rooms.

Users will enter from the side of the structure by using sliding doors. Sitting and planting area are located around the middle so the spaces can be divided equally when the partition is unfolded.

Proposed Site at Bukit Ho Swee

PROPOSED SITE

Sliding Door

Public Spaces

SITE ANALYSIS

Materials and Design Exploration

Mountain Kwila Rock Maple

Jalan Bukit Ho Swee 245M x 390M

Anti-Slip Deck

Concrete

Section

Steel Tension Steel Grading with Timber Wire

Planter Box

Two Way Lift Door

Timber

Frosted Glass with Steel Grading

Activity Areas

Steel Grading with Timber

Exploring the use of frosted glass with steel grading which supports the frame but it is hazardous when the surface is wet. Full use of timber blocks natural sunlight from entering the structure. Other materials were explored else well sush as mixing steel grading and timber which matches the overall feel of the structure. This still allows minimum sunlight to pass through the bottom.

SITUATIONS IN BETWEEN BLOCKS

The public balcony is shared among the residents and can be used for other community activities. 

Public Balcony

CONCEPT DIAGRAM

Existing Surrounding Trees

Legends:

Proposed Landscape Area

Activity Areas

Proposed Site Plan

Back Facing Corridor

Back Facing Each Other Corridors Facing One Another

Long Distance

Standalone block

To

Short Distance

This concept creates an opportunity for the edlerly to meet with one another in the shortest time by using these viable meeting points

GREENRY

Landscape Design Formation Diagram This Formation allows the landscape design to blend in with the existing greenery.

Hill & Grass Between Blocks

Blk:28-26

Blk:20 Blk 32 & 30 gap: 10 - 12.M 80.M Long Blk 26 & 24 gap: 12.M 75.M Long

Blk:30-28

Blk:32-30

Blk:24-22

Blk:26-24

Blk 30 & 28 gap: 8 - 10.M 105.M Long

Blk 28 & 26 gap: 12.M 105.M Long

Blk 26 & 24 gap: 12.M 75.M Long

Blk 20 gap: 8.M 75.M Long

Typology of Stilt Houses Used For Design

to

One Level

Concept Diagram

Holding activities on one level creates opportunities for interaction to take place and still allowing visual and verbal communications to the higher levels

community Gardening

community Kitchen

Proposed Activity

These proposed activities were common during the kampong era.

Hopea odorata Benjamina Ficus Hymenocallis Axonopus compressus dwarf speciosa

Zoysia Tenuifolia

Costus woodsonii

Garcinia subbiliptica

Eugenia myrtifolia

Natural Shelter

No Walls

HDB Corridor

To

By creating an area for the elderly without any barricaded walls, this strives in creating a conducive enivronment for both neighbours.

Proposed Tree & Shrubs

Community Gardening

Walls

Meeting Ares

Multi Level

SITE PHOTOS

Sitting Area

My aim of this project is to bring back the feel of intimacy which was once lost during the transition of living space which was from kampong to high rise building. Interjecting activities from the past such as community kitchen and community farming, it strives to bring back the kampong living space in Bukit Ho Swee. This would create an opportunity for the residents to communicate differently such as visually and physically connecting with one another.

CORRI.DOORS

Landscape Layer Diagram

Section

Elevation

Pavilion

Bukit Ho Swee was once a kampong area which is located on a hill. The fire incident in Bukit Ho Swee happened back in 1961 which burnt the entire kampong district. Because of that, it influenced a different way of living which changed into high rise buildings.

Typology of my design came from the plan view of a standard slit house where my louvers took the language of it

Nicholas Yuen

Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

OVERALL VIEW OF DESIGN LAYOUT

STAIR GARDEN

d Unit EXPLODED VIEW DIAGRAM EXPLODED VIEW DIAGRAM

Communal spaces for residents

Roof Plan

CORRI.DOORS

CORRI.DOORS

Landscape Layer Diagram

Section

Elevation

Existing Surrounding Trees Space for activities for the public: Community kitchen/Meeting up/etc.

Foldable partition Lift Access

Floor Plan Sitting Area

Louvers

Foldable partition

Stairways

Access points for residents

Stairways

Sitting Area Planter box

Semi Private Spaces

planter box

Proposed Landscape Area

PROPOSED MATERIAL

Elevation

INITIAL DESIGN

PROPOSAL 180M X 150M

The partition can be unfolded to create more privacy when needed. It also can be folded back to have the space shared with their neigbours when comfortable.

The vertical structure is located in between the existing utility rooms.

Users will enter from the side of the structure by using sliding doors. Sitting and planting area are located around the middle so the spaces can be divided equally when the partition is unfolded.

Proposed Site at Bukit Ho Swee

PROPOSED SITE

Sliding Door

Public Spaces

SITE ANALYSIS

Materials and Design Exploration

Mountain Kwila Rock Maple

Jalan Bukit Ho Swee 245M x 390M

Anti-Slip Deck

Concrete

Section

Steel Tension Steel Grading with Timber Wire

Planter Box

Two Way Lift Door

Timber

Frosted Glass with Steel Grading

Activity Areas

Steel Grading with Timber

Exploring the use of frosted glass with steel grading which supports the frame but it is hazardous when the surface is wet. Full use of timber blocks natural sunlight from entering the structure. Other materials were explored else well sush as mixing steel grading and timber which matches the overall feel of the structure. This still allows minimum sunlight to pass through the bottom.

SITUATIONS IN BETWEEN BLOCKS

The public balcony is shared among the residents and can be used for other community activities. 

Public Balcony

CONCEPT DIAGRAM

Existing Surrounding Trees

Legends:

Proposed Landscape Area

Activity Areas

Proposed Site Plan

Back Facing Corridor

Back Facing Each Other Corridors Facing One Another

Long Distance

Standalone block

To

Short Distance

This concept creates an opportunity for the edlerly to meet with one another in the shortest time by using these viable meeting points

GREENRY

Landscape Design Formation Diagram This Formation allows the landscape design to blend in with the existing greenery.

Hill & Grass Between Blocks

Blk:28-26

Blk:20 Blk 32 & 30 gap: 10 - 12.M 80.M Long Blk 26 & 24 gap: 12.M 75.M Long

Blk:30-28

Blk:32-30

Blk:24-22

Blk:26-24

Blk 30 & 28 gap: 8 - 10.M 105.M Long

Blk 28 & 26 gap: 12.M 105.M Long

Blk 26 & 24 gap: 12.M 75.M Long

Blk 20 gap: 8.M 75.M Long

Typology of Stilt Houses Used For Design

to

One Level

Concept Diagram

Holding activities on one level creates opportunities for interaction to take place and still allowing visual and verbal communications to the higher levels

community Gardening

community Kitchen

Proposed Activity

These proposed activities were common during the kampong era.

Hopea odorata Benjamina Ficus Hymenocallis Axonopus compressus dwarf speciosa

Zoysia Tenuifolia

Costus woodsonii

Garcinia subbiliptica

Eugenia myrtifolia

Natural Shelter

No Walls

HDB Corridor

To

By creating an area for the elderly without any barricaded walls, this strives in creating a conducive enivronment for both neighbours.

Proposed Tree & Shrubs

Community Gardening

Walls

Meeting Ares

Multi Level

SITE PHOTOS

Sitting Area

The problem of this site there are too many stairs and it’s very unfriendly for disabled people and elderly and it is a space no one use it. Also, because residential over there are complain the stairs are too much. So I want my design combine the stairs and ramps together. Stairs is for direct accessibility and for people who running out of time. Ramps is for people who use wheelchair and is the way to bring people into the project. Let this empty space become a public space to invite visitors of any age.

PROPOSED SHARING UNIT DESIGN Elevation & Sections

LEGEND:

My site is located in Dhoby Ghaut. Around my site got many shopping malls and schools, behind my site is residents area. Due to this location, many people take my site as a shortcut. There is a shortcut with 138 stairs, but this shortcut not always open for the public. So I want to use this slope space to create a shortcut for the public all the time. Also, let people who live in the surrounding to participate in their space.

Shared spaces with neighbours

Pavilion

My topic is gaps in the city. It’s a kind of urban intervention. So i n this project I want to f ind some small and in between building area, to restore the space make space become more interesting and to propose a new public space to revive it, create new experiences, new development and actions on a space. Visitors of any age can play, socialize, and relax.

Typology of my design came from the plan view of a standard slit house where my louvers took the language of it

Cheng Chen

Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

NATURE LINK

The study of Raffles Place evaluates the site is mainly occupied by offices and inadequately designed park which appears to be unused. Thus, one can see that throughout the time, the site is getting hotter due to the deficiency of greenery along the area. Nature Link is a recreational space which targeted mainly the office workers, for the reason of people will certainly be working at an exotic locations in the foreseeable future due to technological advance. Singapore is a rapidly developed country, hence it craves more commercial activities to grow. In result, forests are replaced by buildings and skyscrapers. Eventually, the overall countryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s temperature is increasing every year, even though Singapore is a green city. The main concept of this design is to insert a tropical rainforest underground in the CBD area with a simple reason. Underground has lower temperature and rainforests are often called the lungs of the planet for their role in producing oxygen, recreate a habitat for flora and fauna, and other benefits. Compared to a generic park, a tropical rainforest has an advantage of lower average temperature due to multiple layers of softscapes. Furthermore, it also has the potential of developing a complex ecosystem interlinking animals and plants together. Eventually, tropical rainforest is an ideal strategy to reduce the temperature in urban areas, while also mending the damaged ecosystem caused by deforestation, urbanisation, and global warming. Nature Link will be a space to bring people closer to nature.

Wang Junjie

Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

NEO BIFROST

The purpose of the project is dedicated in designing and construct a connection system which connects the massive individual blocks in Gang Xia village. By using this connection system, the whole site would be seemed as a complete residential site rather than individual blocks that were randomly been putted together. By inserting rooftop gardens and activities areas, this system also aims to solve the site problems such as lack of greenery, public space and private area. On the other hand, this project also aims to encourage the migrant workers whoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s the main residents in Gang Xia village to be more outdoor active and stricken the community bounding. As those migrant workers were mostly preferring stay indoor during their free time, these action would not only reduce their monthly expenses on electricity and internet fees, but also provide them an echo friendly and healthier lifestyle. The design language of the project includes the original site language which is the straight and harsh edge lines, this would be seen as an extension of the site structure itself. However, a curved and organic language were added into the design as well, it aims to soften the site language and also creates turnings which put the rooftop limited space in full use and allow user to experience the space in a different way.

Wang Yuxuan

Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

ODYSESSY

Odyssey is located within Tanglin region of Singapore. Situated in between two heritage zones, Dempsey Hill and Botanic Garden.The site possesses rich history and heritage value. The aim of Odyssey is to allow users to experience and learn the history of Tyersall through design. Istana Woodneuk, the last remaining piece of the site’s heritage. Instead of restoring the Istana to its former glory, the structure will retain its dilapidated look. Leaving it as a relic of the past, displaying its journey’s end. Despite the amount of the site’s history and heritage value, it does not receive justified attention compared to its neighbors, Dempsy Hill and Botanic Garden. Instead, being neglected and being hidden in plain sight. Odyssey not only takes its users through a journey into the past but also creates a connection between two green zones (Dempsy Hill & Botanic Garden) to form a miniature green corridor. A bioswale which in the design makes use of the topography of the site to channel rainwater capture within the site to be collected, purified, stored and then reused within it. Fueling fountains and irrigations within the site.

Gorden Ang Kai Sheng

Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

AQUA ARCS

Dian Wahyuni 1602884G Environment Design

AQUA ARC

Aqua Arc is an aquaponics hub in Pulau Ubin. It proposes the interrelation between a fish farm and the growing of food to form a closed and sustainable system. The roof of the hub is covered with grow beds for the vegetables which are nourished with nutrients obtained from the fish farm. After the nutrients are absorbed by the plants, the water passes through a filtration system that cleans the water in order for the water of the pond to stay clean and the fishes to remain healthy.

Aqua Arc is an aquaponics hub in Pulau Ubin. It proposes the interrelation between a fish farm and the growing of food to form a closed and sustainable system. The roof of the hub is covered with grow beds for the vegetables which are nourished with nutrients obtained from the fish farm. After the nutrients are absorbed by the plants, the water passes through a filtration system that cleans the water in order for the water of the pond to stay clean and the fishes to remain healthy. Aqua Arc can produce vegetables and fishes to export to mainland Singapore and also to be consumed by locals and tourists in Pulau Ubin island. The project brings together an integrated program that captures not only the production but also the consumption of food. Besides the fish farm and the farm located both on land and on the building rooftops, it also hosts a market where visitors and locals can buy fresh food or even harvest it themselves. Visitors can also choose to fish their own fish and even eat it in the restaurant proposed adjacent to the market. island character and needs. Aqua Arc allows Pulau Ubin to become more The project is designed to capture and embrace the islandâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sustainable in terms of food supply. In addition, it can provide income for locals and an alternative food source for Singaporeans.

Aquaponics allows Pulau Ubin to aquire food sustainability for a larger scale. This provides food and income for locals and an alternative food source for Singaporeans.

Examples of Produce

Lettuce

Aqua Arc can produce vegetables and fishes to export to mainland Singapore and also to be consumed by locals and tourists in Pulau Ubin island. The project brings together an integrated program that captures not only the production but also the consumption of food. Besides the fish farm and the farm located both on land and on the building rooftops, it also hosts a market where visitors and locals can buy fresh food or even harvest it themselves. Visitors can also choose to fish their own fish and even eat it in the restaurant proposed adjacent to the market. The project is designed to capture and embrace the islandâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s character and needs. Aqua Arc allows Pulau Ubin to become more sustainable in terms of food supply. In addition, it can provide income for locals and an alternative food source for Singaporeans.

Dian Wahyuni 1602884G Environment Design

Aquaponics System

Tilapia

Sweet Mint

Pak Choi

Barramundi

Kailan

Carp

Dian Wahyuni Bte R Azmann Temasek Polytechnic


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

THE GOLDEN AGER

The Golden Ager represents the senior citizens in Singapore. Singapore is facing ageing population with declining birth rate. This issue is worrying as the increase of elderly population in Singapore may mean changes of taxes, there will be smaller pool of working age Singaporeans to support the older generation , hence this will affect Singapore’s Economy . Nursing home beds keep increasing, this shows that the elderly are less prone active. This project’s concept focuses on giving elderly a more active and life while contributing for Singapore’s economy. The project’s concept focuses on the contribution of the elderly for a sustainable development. The project site is Pulau Ubin and its aim is to engage the elderly with the regeneration of the island’s biodiversity and farming. Pulau Ubin is the project site because Ubin is not sustainable in relation for food . Locals have to depend the mainland Singapore for food supplies and transportation of the food cost the locals a lot . Furthermore , In Pulau Ubin both locals and elderly can play a part in contributing manpower for the food supply which is farming as well as activities that engage the elderly physically, emotionally and mentally. The design of the farm proposed in this project addresses the physical challenges the elderly might have. In conclusion, this concept will bring together the elderly from different walks of life to interact. Interacting with one another will make an elderly’s mind more active and create bonds through social activities while contributing for Pulau Ubin Sustainable development.

Nur Asyiqin Bie Rusli Temasek Polytechnic


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

EVERGREENSCAPE

The Evergreenscape project site is adjacent to North Buona Vista Road and very close to Buona Vista MRT station. It is neighboring to Ghim Moh, residential area, Star vista, a commercial, arts and cultural area, and Metropolis and Biopolis office buildings, industrial, research and business area. It is part of the 24km stretch of former rail tracks from Tanjong Pagar Station in the CBD all the way to Woodlands Checkpoint, now called â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The Rail Corridorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;. Evergreenscape aims to promote biodiversity, enable community activities while creating awareness on benefits of nature to urban landscape, and boost the community spirit and identity of Ghim Moh. While Evergreenscape will emerge as the green heart of Buona Vista that brings diverse community together around the vicinity, it will also form as a significant activity and connectivity node along the Rail Corridor. The design proposal includes seamless circulation network for cyclists and pedestrian within the locality of Ghim Moh, Buona Vista, and Biopolis areas, which gives the opportunity to link to Ulu Pandan Park Connector, Pandan reservoir and other ABC Waters sites such as Alexandra Canal. While it is evident that the site context provides the opportunity to enhance the green network Evergreenscape used water element to integrate landscape spaces and enhance community vibrancy and enhances the spatial quality around Ghim Moh. Introducing water elements at strategic points also provides the opportunity to promote habitat creation specifically for dragonflies, which is inspired by the existing dragonfly habitat at Ulu Pandan Park Connector.

Muhammad Hafiz Bin Shafie Singapore Polytechnic


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

ECCENTRIC + CONCENTRIC: RIBBON

Site located at the South-West of Singapore, just at the Buona Vista Mass Rapid Transit ( MRT) on the East West line and Circle line in Singapore. Firstly, for mobility of the masterplan, there is a disconnection of major commercial and residential district of Ghim Moh and Buona Vista. Although an underpass and several pedestrian crossings is available, the there is a lack of effectiveness as users need to travel up and down just to reach their destination, Besides, the major green belt- Railway Corridor is not accessible by the people too. The topography of the area also hinders a smooth flow of circulation usage and therefore unable to access by the disabilities and act as a hazard for the elderly â&#x20AC;&#x201C; which is the major users from the upper part of the masterplan â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Ulu Pandan area. With that, Ribbon aim to reimagine untapped landscape spaces along the way, explored new landscape typology to engage community interaction, promote ecology appreciation and to better connect people through safe and integrated circulation network that impact a greater community use. Proposal like underground plaza is suggested to better connect people through grade separation. Besides, Ribbon aspire to interconnect green and blue network through every steps one take. A design proposal aim to capture the journey as the main essence of a vision of social and ecology sustainability which follow a series of spatial experience and mobility frameworks to attain a biophilic and resilience landscape for the future of Singapore.

Lee Sze Tein

Singapore Polytechnic


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

SKY CONNECTIONS Changi International Airport

Jurong East District

Utilising small plots of green space within the higher floors of buildings as herb gardens. Gardens that are maintained and used by participating eateries within the development to provide the business with herbs and garnishes that can provide 100% of the need.

Located in the Buona Vista, within the Queenstown District of the island nation of Singapore, the site is between the nation’s Central Business District and its future Jurong Lake District, fashioned to be the next Business District for the country. Buona Vista itself is a commercial cluster with its subzone, One-North, as well as a residential town with estates like Ghim Moh and Holland Drive. The vabriant clusters and planning of the site creates an eclectic mix of people and activities within an area spanning approximately 1.55 km2.

Sydney

Marina Bay District

‘Green Pockets’:

Site Context

Tokyo HongKong

Singapore

Demography

Meat

Senior Citizens (>60)… amount of persons

amount of persons

Elevated walkways will feature rain harvesting capabilities to utilise and maximise surface run-offs.

Connectivity Analysis

Typology Analysis Commercial & Industrial:

Pedestrian:

Residential:

- Two Community centres providing free spaces for the community to use, such as studios, hard courts, and reading facilities - An educational institute in the west of the site called ESSECS Business School

Greenway Walk

With the aim of connecting both the residential estates in the north and the rest of the site in the south and the central, a network of elevated walkways will not only like housing blocks but also commercial building at a 4.5 metre height so as to ease ground level pedestrian traffic and not disrupt vehicular traffic.

Reintroduction of mature and sapling native trees to accelerate ecosystem

Alstonia angustiloba ‘Common Pulai’

Melaleuca cajuputi ‘Paper Bark’

Fagraea fragrans ‘Tembusu’

Adenanthera pavonina ‘Saga Tree’

Pterocarpus indicus ‘Philippine Mahogany’

Syzygiummytrifolium ‘Australian Cherrybush’

Khaya senegalensis ‘Senegal Mahogany’

Tabebuia rosea ‘Trumpet tree’

Casuarina equisetifolia ‘Australian Pine’

Terminalia catappa ‘Sea Almond’

‘Community Link Park’: Senior’s Corner

Maximising underutilised spaces for community use. Allocating designated planting plots for community gardens that are able to grow a wider variety of vegetables and fruits for the gardening enthusiasts in the community. This will also promote community spirit and interaction between the residents of similar interest.

Holland Drive

Community Link

Plant Selection for ‘Community Garden’

Estate

Com

mon wealt

Water Edge Plaza Ulu

dan

h Av eW est

Event Space

Pan

Can

Zingiber officinale ‘Ginger’

Allium sativum ‘Garlic’

Tamarindus indica ‘Tamarind’

Citrus hystrix ‘Kaffir lime’

Allium Cepa ‘Onion’

Pandanus Amaryfolius ‘Pandan’

Curcuma longa ‘Turmeric’

Persicaria odorata ‘Vietnamese Coriander’

al

Buona Vista MRT Station

Cycling Node

Sanctuary Space Road

Gree n

Urban Greening:

Public Plaza

a Vi

a Ex chan

sta

ge

To blur the distinction between the urban and the natural through different means

Buon

Star Vista

Vista

Exch an

Stepping Plaza

Event Space

Observation Decks

Metropolis

Public Drop-off

Railway trail

Community:

Foster a Community spirit among visitors, and residents.

Ro ch

est er

Dri

ve

ge Gr een

Greenway

North

Vist

Retail Avenue

24/7 Thoroughfare

Utilise sky-rise greening methods like extensive and intensive roof gardens to maximise green coverage. It promotes a healthy lifestylethrough introduction of green spaces in urban context

Conditions return to a status of a secondary forest

Existing trees:

st

Introduce designated cycling paths and routes with sufficient cycling nodes that includes seats, and bicycle stands at strategic locations

Re-introduction of native trees, shrubs, and other beneficial and non-ivasive pkants to promote local biodiversity and ease of maintenance. Reduction of the heat-island effect, and promote water regulation.

Elevated walkway network:

Elevated walkways shall be designed with shelters to ensure practicality in tropical Singapore with provision to allow sunlight for plants in the middle of the walkway.

Plant Selection for ‘Greenway Walk’

Ave We

Kid’s Play Area

Propose elevated walkways throughout the site at different levels to cater to different demographics (Commuters, Residents, & Cycling) to ease congestion of ground level traffic

Murraya koenigii. ‘Curry Tree’ - Grown in full sun - Moderate watering

‘Greenway Walk’:

Ghim Moh Estate

h nwealt

Cymbopogon citratus ‘Lemongrass’ - Grown in full sun - Moderate watering

Revitalising the former railway tracks to allow recreational and nature-appreciating activities like jogging, and birdwatching through the regeneration of what was once a secondary forest by re-planting native trees and adding to the tree species that are already growing there. Such as Casuarina equisetifolia, and Terminalia catappa. Tree seclections will also promote biodiversity within the area as well as educate public on the native plants that grow in Singapore.

- Many Rain trees (Samanea saman) & Yellowflame trees (Peltophorum pterocarpum) line the roads within the site - Dense mature Casuarina trees (Casuarina equisetifolia) lined the old railway corridor

Civic Instituitions and Utilities:

- Extensive network of bus service crosses through the site - Two train stations in the site: Buona Vista Exchange & One-North Station - Two train lines passes through the site: East-West Line & Circle Line

Commo

Ocimum Spp. ‘Thai Basil’ - Grown in full sun - Moderate watering

Petroselinum crispum ‘Italian Parsley’ - Grown in full sun - Moderate watering

After an ecosystem is established

Strategies To allow people to get from anywhere in the site everywhere as fast and as hassle-free as possible

Ocimum basilicum ‘Italian Basil’ - Grown in full sun - Moderate watering

Capsicum frutenscens ‘Chilli’ - Grown in full sun - Moderate watering

Existing condition of Greenway Walk

Tree Coverage:

- Residential estates are generally located in the north of the site - Two main housing estates are: Ghim Moh Estate and Hollad Drive Estate located adjacent to each other

Public Transport:

Connectivity:

Vegetables grown in small plots will only be able to provide ~30% of the vegetables needed. More care and maintenance are needed in growing vegetables

Mentha spicata ‘Spearmint’ - Grown in full sun - Moderate watering

Green Spaces:

- The historic Railway tracks that once carried the KTM trains from Singapore to Malaysia (now ceased) passes through the site, leaving a trail of green space on the Northeastern side of the site - Two parks: One North Park North & South, provide green space in the centre of the site

- Commercial clusters like Metropolis, Biopolis, and Fusionopolis in the centre of the site - Ayer Rajah Industrial estate in the south of the site.

- A mixture of sheltered and unsheltered walkways along the roads links developments - Office building thoroughfares provide shortcuts - Pedestrians encounter obstacles like overhead bridge, underpass, and road crossing.

is connecting spaces of different attractions, communities, and environment through a common corridor where users can be amongst layers of green and towering trees at one moment, in the centre of a bustling retail and commercial avenue in another moment and finding sanctuary within the HDB estates, all without even leaving the corridor.

Grains & staples Meat

Greenery Analysis

Roads:

- Roads within site are congested during peak hours (0700-0900 & 1700-2000) - Two major roads pass through the site and one expressway adjacent in the south

Sky Connection

Meat

Grains & staples

Plant Selection for ‘Green Pockets’

24/7 Thoroughfare

The project site is in Buona Vista, within the Queenstown district in the south-western area of Singapore, is approximately 1.55km2 in area. It encompasses two high-rise residential estates, which makes up a small percentage of the site area, a commercial cluster of shopping malls and office towers, and an industrial area that houses multiple factories and research & development companies. There are various issues on connectivity such as pedestrian and vehicular traffic congestion, indirect accessibility to amenities and developments hence resulting to community segregation in terms of demography and land or space usage. The project aims to provide a continuous, experiential and engaging link around the area. It also aims to foster and forge community spirit while integrating the grey and green spaces. The proposed elevated walkway will enhance the place making at various level. Hence, Sky Connections is a network of spaces for different attractions and activities catering for diverse communities and environment, seamlessly connected by a common green corridor. The spaces encourage users’ participation, interaction and forge sense of ownership. One of the strategies is utilising small plots of green spaces within the higher floors of buildings as herb gardens, which will be used and maintained by participating eateries within

Grains & staples

Out of the 10% of the herbs used, ~80% can be grown in small plots within the building with basic maintenance and care

Adults (20-60)

Residents

Among the residents, there are significantly more residents who are above 60 years of age because of the mature housing estates within the site.

Grains & staples Meat

Vegetables and fruits adds up to roughly 20% of the raw ingredient needed.

Children & Youths (0-20)

Commuters

Due to the uneven mixture of commercial and residential developments within the site, there are more commuters and people in transit within the site than residents.

Herb Garden vs. Vegetable Garden Herbs and complimetary garnishes composes of the smallest percentage (~10%) of food group used in a restaurant

Rochester Mall Provide spaces that forge a sense of community and allow the users to take ownership for the spaces developed. Provide multi-purpose spaces to maximise space and promote better interaction between different communities.

Proposed Layout Plan Scale 1:2500

Ministry of Education

No

rth

Bu

on

aV ista

Dri

S ky Connecti ons One-North

ve

1

S k y C o n n e c t io n s

2

Abdul Latiff Hamzah Singapore Polytechnic


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

BEVOLUTION

Bevolution is a concept that resonates with the idea of a smart nation and biophilic design. The concept encompasses different technological aids and smart designs to alleviate the severity of global warming while enriching the environment, promoting social cohesiveness and providing seamless connectivity. The concept of Bevolution seeks to integrate the fundamental architecture of the natural environment by applying the six principles of biophilic design to create an environment that mimics elements of the natural environment. Producing beneficial results that can provide different uses or structural advantages to the site. The concept also incorporates different innovative structural technologies that is tailored and adapts to the site conditions and climates to make better use of natureâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s resources while bringing structural benefits and convenience to the users. To achieve the conceptâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s objectives, four key frameworks are introduced. Firstly, the provision of elevated walkways will provide alternative routes that allows quicker access to different parts of Buona Vista. While providing opportunities for different activities. Secondly, revitalisation of the previously unsightly canal and introduction of pockets of green spaces will provide new habitats for different organisms and new activities simultaneously. Thirdly, the creation of new spaces and activities will encourage and provide many opportunities for communal bonding to create an integrated community. Lastly, creation and design spaces that are unique to the site, which allows the residents of Buona Vista to identify themselves.

Owen Gan Ze Min

Singapore Polytechnic


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

PREVENTION INTERACTION CONNECTION

Tidal pool

PREVENTION INTERACTION CONNECTION 0

Site Location

1

2

3

4m

Section A-A’ (After) : Provide a tidal pool to create a new habitat for seaweed and invertebrates

Tai O

is a fishing village located on the western side of Lantau Island in Hong Kong. It have a plentiful history background and culture. Therefore it is a tourist spot for both foreigners and residents of other parts of Hong Kong.

Hong Kong

China

+4.0mPD

100km

Tai O

Section A-A’ (Before) +3.8mPD

Tai O

500m

Water level

Water Circulation

Stilt House location

Government Flood Protect Project

Lantau Island

10km

1km

Time Line Flood

Section B-B’ (After) : Use mangrove plants to reduce the pressure od sea wave and improve the flooding problem.

Walkways

+4.0mPD 2009 Typhoon Koppu 2014 Government Flood Prevention Project

2008 Typhoon Nuri 2008 Typhoon Hagupit

2016 Typhoon Nida

2017 Typhoon Hato

It showed the Government Flood Prevention Project is not work. It is a negative way to separate human and water because they have no any connection

Tai O has a plentiful history background and culture, also the flooding problem is common. Therefore, the government use the sea wall to separate the human and sea. However, it is a negative way to settle the flood problem and it doesn’t work. My project visions are solve the flooding problem in landscape way to protect this area. Also, the design would connect the human and water, also create more habitats in Tai O. It would have different experience in flood season and dry season. Moreover, the resident and visitors could explore more to enjoy the unique view and culture with my design.

Normal Flood

Stage 1 Flood Prevention Area (3.3mPD) Stage 1 Flood Prevention Area (3.3mPD)

stilit house

Stage 1 Flood Prevention Area (3.3mPD)

Removable flood protect valve

Stage 2 Flood Prevention Area (3.8mPD)

Water retaining plate

Ecology Stite House Touisum Population

2600

Section B-B’ (Before)

2951

Plant Lists (Local Mangrove Plants)

+3.8mPD

Master Layout Plan 1:2000 老鼠簕 Acanthus ilicifolius L. Family: Acanthaceae Height: 1-2m

Problems 1. The flood problem 2. No any interaction between water and human

秋茄樹 Aegiceras corniculatum (Linn.) Blanco Family: Rhizophoraceae Height: 1.5-5

Section C-C’ (After) : Create platforms with different levels and lt people have more connections with the sea. hydrophlic platforms

Strategy Ecology way -Wastewater purification (Design E) -Mangrove restoration (Design E and C) -Mangrove habitat (Design B and C) -Tidal pool habitat (Design A)

Society -Resident -Touism -Culture

+4.0mPD

Section C-C’ (Before)

+3.8mPD

hydrophlic stairs

residental use

Section D-D’ (After) : A walkway for sightseeing. Also connect two sides and residental house.

Design A Perspective

Design B Perspective

Design C Perspective

main walkway

There have five parts with my design. In section A, it would have a tidal pool to create a new habitat for seaweed and invertebrates. In section B and C, three local mangrove plants would resist the pressure of sea waves. Also, have a bridge to connect people and provide a view path in section D. Moreover, section E showed the water filtration system. People could have interactive and learn from biodiversity in the design.

桐花樹 Aegiceras corniculatum (Linn.) Blanco Family: Mysinaceae 1.5-4

Visions

PREVENTION preventing the next flood crisis and control the flood problem INTERACTION The waterfront provide the interaction between water and human CONNECTION Connect a strong community bond to residents and visitors with a dynamic waterfront experience

moveable bridge

main walkway

residental walkway

main walkway

hydrophlic stairs

platform

main walkway

Section D-D’ (Before)

Design D Perspective

Design E Perspective Section E-E’ (After) : Water filration for improve the water qulaity.

+4.0mPD

water circulation

Section E-E’ (Before) Plant Lists (Water Filtrate Plants)

蘆葦 Phragmites communis Family: Poaceae Height: 2-6m

寬葉香蒲 Typha angustifolia L. Family: Typhaceae Height: 1-3m

濕生葶藶 Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser. Family: Brassicaceae Height: 0.06-0.2m

莞 Schoenoplectus subulatus (Vahl) Lye Family: Cyperaceae Height: 0.6-1.5m

+3.8mPD

Chan Sin Kwan

Hong Kong Design Institute


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

INTEGRATED WETLAND CITY

Integrated Wetland City HISTORY AND CHANGE

LOCATION

Section 1:200 (Before)

China

New Territories

Landscape

Kowloon

Lantau Island

Past

Access

Office

Container Yard

Landscape

River Sideway

Section 1:200 (After)

Hong Kong Island

Yuen Long River

Present

Yuen Long was the focal point of rural activities in Hong Kong. Due to urban growth and continuous development, Yuen Long has become an extraordinary place merged with ancient and modern elements.

Yuen Long is located in the western New Territories, Hong Kong. To the its north lie Nam Sang Wai. The Yuen Long River was channelised and became a flood prevention channel.

PROBLEMS

This project is aimed to propose a resilient landscape design for wetland restoration and urban upgrade in Yuen Long. As for the flood control, the design would be adaptable for storm and flooding recovery. A series of drawings are used to discover the relationships between urban development and natural values. Also, the future planning is considering the integration of different aspects such as the local culture, fish ponds, container yards and wetland. At the end, it aimed to think about the balance between wetland and urban development.

Container Yard + Soil Purification + Wetland

A new balance between the urban development and ecological culture

Landscape

Access

Wetland

Office

Container Yard

Wetland

Landscape

River Sideway

Future Housing + Fish Pond + Wetland

SITE CONTEXT

Section 1:200 (Before)

Wetland

Flooding

Unsatisfied Water Quality

Wetland Loss

Brownfield

Residential Area

Due to the political reason and residential development, the wetland in Yuen Long has mostly lost their ecological values as fish ponds and agriculture. Meanwhile, the water quality in Yuen Long River is known as unsatisfied in Hong Kong. With the channelized river in Yuen Long, the problem of flooding is still remained in heavy raining.

Residential Area

Industrial Area

Landscape

Road

Wetland

Section 1:200 (After)

PHASED IMPLEMENTATION

SITE LOCATION

2020

2018

2025

2030

2035

Drainage Facilities

Society

Residential Area

Housing Wetland

Agriculture

Economy

Landscape

Road

Housing Pond

Water Filtering Ponds

Walkway

Fish Pond

Farming

Footbridge + Flooding Section 1:200 (Before)

River Park

Fishery Tourism Wetland Restoration

Ecology

Water Cleansing Bio-diversity

PROPOSED SOLUTION

Container Yard

Wetland

Clean Water

Hydro Activities

River Park

Fish Ponds

Feeding Water Birds

Pedestrian

Landscape

Wetland

Slope(Landscape)

Footbridge

Landscape

Wetland

Section 1:200 (After)

Safety Pedestrian Production

Agriculture Storage Ponds

Biodiversity

River

Wetland Restoration Inner River Network

FLOOD DIAGRAM

Slope

River

Waste Water Cleansing Biotope

PLAN (BEFORE)

River Park + Reserved Zones Section 1:200 (Before)

Better Environment

FLOOD CONTROL SYSTEM PLAN (AFTER)

21 23

19

19 21

Road

19

Walkway

Section 1:200 (After)

Slope

Channelized River

Walkway

Road

Walkway

Road

Current River 10-Year Flood Site Location

Road

Walkway

River

River Park

Wong Chung Hong

Hong Kong Design Institute


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

LEVEL

Level aims to solve the issue of the diverse demands of users on a sloped terrain by creating a unique green recreational space; a vertical layered park that embodies the Singapore identity, where majority of people live in high-rise and nature together. The client is NParks. The site is located next to the U/C Woodlands Health Campus. It is a slope with a 10m level difference from top to bottom. The garden will be open to everyone. The client requires the main concept to be a Healing Forest Garden. The issues this design targets are the lack of biodiversity, the sloping terrain of the site and the multiple and mixed user demands. The sloping terrain lowers the amount of usable space, reducing the amount of activity areas. The design tackles the issues with the concept: Level; stacking people of different demands in a biodiverse/ natural resilient landscape. This design plays with the levels of a rainforest, the level of activity in different zones and the height levels of the site to create an interesting and unique experience for users. The main feature of this design is the Tree Trunk Tower. It is a 4-storey tower which corresponds to the levels of the rainforest in the middle of

Leonard See

Ngee Ann Polytechnic


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

AGRI-CULTURA

Agri-Cultura reinvents the market in a way that it saves transportation fees, requies no shipping time with a difference that it is organic, fresh and healthy food prepared at the market and ready to cook and consume at the cafĂŠ or by the plaza while enjoying and appreciating nature. It brings people back to nature, in relation to Pekan Quarry View down the butterfly hill. The farm opens new habitat for the biodiversity while enhancing it. Agri-cultura opens a new perspective to people in eating healthy food, living a healthy lifestyle, buying and consuming healthy/fresh/organic food. Agri-Cultura helps to generate income for Pulau Ubin in a sustainable way as well as to educate people on healthy lifestyle.

Hail Ashraf Bin Amat Sarijan Temasek Polytechnic


2018 IFLA Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Awards DIPLOMA CATEGORY

GREEN COMPASS

The project aims to be an urban green node that brings together people to celebrate a sustainable and socially rich fife style. The project aims to define the cycling connectivity around the site and serve as a platform for urban events and social encounters. The design aims to inspire people to live happier, healthier and spend more time outdoors. The main feature of the structure is that it acts as a heritage compass. On the one hand the proposed structure connects the cycle paths that links Chinatown to key heritage landmarks. On the other hand this cycle bowl has edges that point towards key landmarks around the area such as the Sri Vinayagar Temple and the Jean Yip Loft. The two-story structure houses a bicycle park on the roof top, a cycle hub at the basement and connects to the new MRT station. Besides the bicycle park the landscape designed roof top and the main atrium of the building are conceptualized to encourage human encounters and a variety of social interactions. This building is green, not only because it has in consideration a variety of passive strategies to mitigate the high humidity levels and temperature of the site but also because in is deeply integrated with vegetation. The interior, will be characterized by its green and water walls that will give a natural feel to the place and will

Tengku Puteri Nilamsari Binte Tengku Mohamed Damaishah Temasek Polytechnic


2018 ifla Student Landscape Architecture Design Competition Brief


IFLA RESILIENT LANDSCAPE STUDENT DESIGN AWARDS

international federation of Landscape Architects singapore institute of landscape architects

IFLA 2018 Student Design Competition  

The competition theme this year is Resilience Landscape. Special thanks to the following members for putting the publication together! Agn...

IFLA 2018 Student Design Competition  

The competition theme this year is Resilience Landscape. Special thanks to the following members for putting the publication together! Agn...

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