Temecula/Vail Lake KOA
Lake Recreation Management Plan
Temecula/Vail Lake KOA
Vail Lake RV Resort and Vail Lake Marina
Prepared for: Rancho California Water District
Submitted by: KAMP- VL, LLC with KAMPGROUNDS ENTERPRISES, INC. (KEI) Prepared by: KTUA, Planning and Landscape Architecture Rincon Consultants, Inc. Prepared : February 2019
Temecula/Vail Lake KOA
KAMPGROUNDS ENTERPRISES, INC. KTUA RINCON CONSULTANTS, INC.
Lake Recreation Management Plan
Table of Contents
List of Figures
1. Project Overview
2. Camp Improvement Goals
3. Notes on Initial Design Efforts
4. Operators Goals and Intent
5. Management Plan Requirement
6. Lake Rights offered to the Licensee:
7. Water Use Areas and Shoreline Access
8. Access Points and Operating Hours
9. Levels of Use
10. Proposed Fee Structure:
11. Lake Level Issues and Solutions
12. Control Program:
13. Best Management Practices for the Quagga Mussel Control
Figure 1: Project Vicinity Map Figure 2: Overview of Lake Recreation Management Areas Figure 3: Reservoir Restricted Area and Bypass of Equestrian and Mountain Bike Trails Figure 4: Vail Lake Marina Use Area Overview Figure 5: Vail Lake Marina Oblique of Potential Facilities Looking West Figure 6: Vail Lake Marina Oblique of Potential Facilities Looking North Figure 7: Lake Spillway, Flooding, Range of Elevations, and Restroom Distances
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Lake Recreation Management Plan
1. Project Overview
Figure 1: Project Vicinity Map
KAMP-VL, LLC (KAMP) as the future operator (lessee and licensee) for the Temecula / Vail Lake KOA (see Figure 1) intends to upgrade the Vail Lake RV Resort (renamed as the Temecula / Vail Lake KOA Resort) into a premier Southern California family camping destination. KAMP’s mission is to create a community of satisfied camping guests from both local, national, and international origins, encouraging them to explore the natural resources, take part in the many activities offered by the surrounding landscape, and enjoy an abundance of on-site recreation activities. The overall plan strives to create unique, family-oriented campground experiences through an assortment of existing recreational activities and a range of high-quality accommodation offerings to appeal to an expansive and diverse market. KAMP’s approach is designed to leverage and maximize the revenue of the existing operable campground areas, maintain a high level of service during rehabilitation, and minimize disruptions to guests on site by rotating through various areas or “neighborhoods” of the campground.
2. Camp Improvement Goals KAMP strives to provide safe and fun recreational opportunities to connect guests with their natural surroundings, with the aquatic resources of the lake, with the trails system of the adjacent hills, with other campers and enthusiasts and into natural areas through camping, boating, playing or through the use of mountain biking, hiking and equestrian uses. At the same time, KAMP wants to provide experiences for guests and visitors that will have minimal impact on the surrounding lake and natural areas. KAMP hopes to operate a successful rental business of equipment to explore the Lake as well as creating opportunities for education, skill development and a venue for various fishing and aquatic based activities as well as educational opportunities for visiting school’s and guests.
3. Notes on Initial Design Efforts Diagrams, site plans, precedence photos and written descriptions in this study are not intended to represent a final plan for the upgraded facilities. They represent the likely elements that will be included and are in the area preferred by KAMP and identified as polygons on many of the maps and figures. However, without the benefit of engineering, design and adequate base maps, the actual configuration of the project elements is likely to evolve. Detailed site plans, elevations, perspectives and engineering feasibility has not been done and will be affected by subsequent environmental review, CUP County conformance review, technical studies, cost estimating and site planning efforts at subsequent stages of the development process. These design development products will also be affected by final construction document preparation, final budget constraints and building code and policy interpretations discovered through the building permit process. This document is limited, however, to upgrades, restorations and modifications to existing facilities in support of existing uses. New construction is not part of this program, with the definition of an upgrade as improvements, changed materials and modifications to an existing facility that is based on an existing use that does not result in new disturbances around the existing facility (not including a construction buffer of 10’-20’) nor something that would introduce a new use or an increase in capacity of this new use. This Lake Recreation Management Plan is intended to establish the guidelines to sustainably maintain and manage the lake resources that are licensed to KAMP. The management plan will be evaluated annually to make sure it incorporates the most up to date information and best practices. For the purposes of this document the “Operator” is KAMP-VL (KAMP). This document should be considered a living document that is subject to change based on changing conditions, regulations and management techniques that represent the latest in how the Licensee intends to manage the License areas. This document represents the current agreements and minimums for management of the Lake, but are subject to change. Substantial changes will only be implemented with the approval of the Licensor.
Temecula/Vail Lake KOA
4. Operators Goals and Intent Vail Lake is one of the greatest features of the Temecula/Vail Lake KOA. It is a major attractor for both overnight and day use guests. However, it is anticipated that lake levels will change significantly over time due to seasonal conditions and water storage needs by RCWD. The intent is to make the lake accessible to use when the water level is at a predetermined safe level and to rehabilitate the existing Vail Lake Marina to provide recreational access to the lake and a base of operations for staff. KAMP-VL goals for the Lake Recreation Management Plan are to:
Provide safe and fun recreation opportunities to connect guests to the lake and the fun that water based activities can provide. Benefit the local population by providing access to natural recreation resources within their community. Provide experiences for guests and visitors that will have minimal impact on the surrounding shore line by managing access. Operate a successful rental business of equipment that will allow the guest or day use visitor to explore the lake as a recreational asset. Create opportunities for education, skill development and group outings on the lake. Operate within the permittable boundaries of fishing on the lake. Provide education opportunities for visiting schools and guests on the ecosystem and biology of the lake and its associated riparian, wetlands and shorelines.
5. Management Plan Requirement The California Health and Safety Code (HSC) establishes as State policy that all public waters are to be used for multiple purposes, to the extent that the uses are consistent with public health and safety. The proposed license for the use of the Lake at the Vail Lake Marina or
other areas of the Lake (excluding the Reservoir Outlet) requires the development of a Lake Recreation Management Plan. This plan was done in accordance with the State of California Proposed Guidelines for Recreational Use of a Domestic Water Supply Reservoir and includes the following items:
Daily boat / visitor limits based on water depth and other factors, proposed uses, facility improvements, controlling access, fees, liability protection, monitoring/patrolling of recreation use, and equipment rental options.
6. Lake Rights offered to the Licensee: Licensor grants to Licensee and Licensee accepts from Licensor, a license (“Lake Rights License”) to use the surface of Vail Lake for lake recreation activities, as generally described in the Lease and License agreements. The Lake Rights License will be subject to the following rights and obligations, in addition to such other applicable rights and obligations as may be set forth in the Recreational Rights License, the Lease or other agreements between Licensor and Licensee:
Licensee will manage and provide exclusive lake recreation activities for guests and visitors. Licensee will be responsible for all invasive species inspection related activities. Incidental body contact will be allowed within Vail Lake, but swimming and swimming/wading beaches will not be permitted. Licensor will have unrestricted access to Vail Lake in order to perform water quality monitoring and other activities consistent with its public entity purposes. Licensor will operate Vail Lake such that the lake level may fluctuate from 1400 to 1457 feet (NAVD88) and in addition, flooding may occur up to a level of 1487.6 feet (NAVD88). Licensee will prepare a Lake Recreation Management Plan (this plan) for review and approval by Licensor, in accordance with the State of California Proposed Guidelines for Recreational Use of a Domestic Water Supply Reservoir. This plan includes proposed uses, facility improvements, controlling access, fees, liability protection, monitoring/patrolling of recreational use and equipment rental options.
7. Water Use Areas and Shoreline Access Other than typical lake recreational boating open areas of the lake, the only facilities for shoreline recreation or access to the lake, will occur at Vail Lake Marina (see Figure 2). All of the conditions and elements discussed below apply to Vail Lake Marina. The Lake is partially visible from the campground, but physically not accessible PAGE
7.1 Reservoir Outlet Protection Zone The state requires that a protective zone (the area in which recreational activities are prohibited) to be provided around the reservoir outlet. The extent of the Reservoir Outlet is shown on Figure 2. This exhibit shows existing fencing and existing buoy floats that are at the 100 foot mark. Buoy floats to be moved out to a location 500 feet from the reservoir outlet to prevent closer proximity to lake users. Information required in this section includes the following:
The extent of the protective zone, and the basis for determining the extent (i.e., conformance with standard guidance or a site-specific study of flow dynamics), the distance from the protective zone to various areas of recreational use (e.g., swimming areas, boat docks, etc.), and a description of the program to prevent encroachment into the protective zone (i.e., physical barriers, postings, informational brochures, and patrolling).
The protective measures for the outlet, will as a minimum, meet the following criteria:
The protective zone will be marked with buoys and a cable line to prevent boats from entering this zone. The current distance is 100’. Figure 3 indicates where the buoy line should be placed at to meet the 500’ requirement. The protection zone restriction will be posted on maps and will include shoreline signage. This area of the lake will be patrolled to prevent public access or to prevent the anchoring of boats on the buoy line. The closed zone will extend for a minimum distance of 500 feet from the reservoir outlet works. The shoreline area extending 500 feet on either side of the outlet will be controlled by fencing. The area would be posted, both in the water and along the shoreline.
7.2 Vail Lake Marina Area The existing Vail Lake Marina is a wide spreading waterfront area that has changed over time due to lake level variations in height, necessitating the continual moving of the ramps, roads and docks. The proposed license area is shown on Figure 4. The proposed facilities along the waterfront that will support Marina uses are shown on Figure 5. The existing dirt road leading from the RV resort to the Marina, once repaired, will provide access. Vail Lake facilities will be available for day use guests in addition to Temecula/Vail Lake KOA guests. Services and rentals will be available during normal operating hours. Private boat use on the lake and launch ramps will be available in daily limited quantities when launch ramp areas are accessible to lake levels (see Section 11 for accessible Lake Levels). Fishing permits will be available for daily purchase as well as seasonal fishing passes. Discounts for youth fisherman and occasional fishing tournaments will be offered to encourage use of the lake. A diagrammatic layout of site facilities has been shown on Figure 6 and Figure 7. These obliques give an idea of the facility types and general location of the proposed program for this area of the Marina.
Lake Recreation Management Plan
Vail Lake Marina is currently closed to the public due to low lake levels and road issues
7.3 Proposed Activities: The following recreational activities will be allowed on or around the reservoir. These include:
The Vail Lake Marina will be consistent with the CUP and in keeping with RCWD guidelines for contact capacity, limiting water use to incidental water contact related to boating. Vail Lake will allow the mechanized use of the lake through motorized watercraft. Motorized boat access will be granted to residents and visitors consistent with the Marina use plan and in keeping with the regulations and restrictions from RCWD that govern water supply lakes. Power boats for wakeboarding/skiing as well as small pontoon boats for lake cruising will be a focus of the Marina. Watercraft types will include bass boats, cruisers, deck boats, fish and ski boats, houseboats, inflatable boats, and rigid inflatable watercraft.
Additional non-motorized water craft rentals will include small fishing boats, rubber boats with electric motors as well as various “human” powered boats for lake exploration including kayaking, canoes, stand up paddle boards, windsurfing, kite surfing, paddle boats and row boats. Trailering or launching of boats will not be allowed in any areas except for at Vail Lake Marina. Water quality preferences would be for the use of non-motorized uses, but if motorized, four stroke or electric engines would be preferred. The rental fleet will follow this preference priority. Operations will be based around lake access and water contact thresholds as determined by regulatory policies. Swimming is not allowed in Vail Lake or along the shoreline. Limited body contact with the water is allowed in order to get in and out of boats and watercraft as a result of allowed recreational activities. In order to reduce the introduction of fecal matter into the reservoir, diaperwearing infants should be prohibited from water contact. Dogs and other domestic animals will be prohibited from swimming in the lake. Rentable shade structures and minor picnic table areas will be provided near some of the shores at Vail Lake Marina but will be signed to prevent shoreline swimming.
7.5 Sanitary Facilities
7.4 Needed Recreation Support Facilities:
Current building structures will be reviewed for safety and use capability so that they can be brought to current building code requirements for inhabited structures. Potential building renovations would only be performed on the existing marina buildings and structures and not exceed the current footprint. Renovations will include: A recreation operations center, group meeting facilities, a retreat location, a kitchen for a small scale food service preparation, distribution center, lake management headquarters, rental space for events and for event support structures. Floating dock structures and “finger” docks will be added to provide access further into the water. Enhanced floating dock locations and walkways to access floating docks that will sustain lake -level changes. Organized classes and learning opportunities from recreation staff offered for a fee to all guests. Daily or seasonal fishing permits will be available for a fee.
All recreational lake water use areas will have restroom facilities provided at a rate of 50 persons per toilet. The facilities will be centrally located and easily accessible (see Figure 7) and will be portable style restrooms. Designated shore-fishing areas will have provided restroom facilities at the rate of 70 persons per toilet. The toilets must be located no more than 500 feet apart at regular intervals along the shoreline. Toilet facilities will be available within two miles of any point of the reservoir used for recreation, and a dock for easy access will be provided. Water flush toilets will be provided at Vail Lake Marina. Such toilets will be set back least 200 feet from the high water line of reservoirs and lakes, unless otherwise approved by the health officer. A dike will be placed around the facility to prevent overflow into the reservoir. An alarm system to alert maintenance personnel of an overflow condition will be provided. Since the proposed permanent sanitary facilities are to be located in the Marina Village area or in the Vail Village areas, this dike system will not be required based on the distance the facilities are from the shorelines. Chemical toilets are to be provided at the Marina shoreline and along other portions of the shoreline where shoreline fishing is proposed. These type of restroom facilities will also be used for permitted special events when the number of individuals exceed the typical standard use of the area of 50 persons per toilet. The portable chemical toilets will be located at least 50 feet from the existing water line of the reservoir and anchored to prevent overturning. The toilets will be moved to higher ground when the water level begins to rise in the reservoir. Floating restrooms will be prohibited. In all areas open for recreation vehicles with sewage drains, the facility must be at least 50 feet beyond the current level of the reservoir shore. On-site sewage disposal systems will be set back from the reservoir high water line by at least 200 feet and will be at least 10 feet above the high water line. Plans for on-site sewage disposal systems will be submitted to the local health department for review and approval prior to construction.
Temecula/Vail Lake KOA
Figure 2: Overview of Lake Recreation Management Areas PAGE
Lake Recreation Management Plan
Figure 3: Reservoir Restricted Area PAGE
Temecula/Vail Lake KOA
A day use fee for non-campers will be charged at the entrance kiosk for those headed to the Lake via Vail Oaks Road that will connect with the Vail Lake Marina. The access road (Vail Oaks Drive) and Vail Lake Marina will be open 365 days a year. Access to Vail Lake Marina will be from 7AM to 1 hour after sunset on weekends and through the entire week during the summer season. Marina rentals at Vail Lake Marina will be available seasonally on weekends from 8AM – 5PM. Access to the lake will be open to the public for a day use fee not inclusive of rental fees of any boating or fishing equipment.
9. Levels of Use In order to prevent overuse of the area and creation of health or safety hazards, the number of persons, boats and trailers, that are allowed to use a recreation area must be limited to avoid exceeding the capacity of sanitation and other support facilities. These limits must, at a minimum, conform to the criteria provided for refuse containers, toilets, and trailer sanitation stations. Daily maximums include: Fishing and boating activities were common at Vail Lake Marina
Table 1: Vail Lake Use Limits Capacity 500 150 50 15 500
Description Total persons allowed without temporary additional restrooms Minimum Persons reserved for single day use (non-camping guests) Powered watercraft allowed on water including onsite rental fleet Minimum Powered watercraft reserved for single day use (non-camping guests) Human powered watercraft allowed Motor vehicles allowed not counting golf carts *(63 Paved spaces per the 150 existing plot plan, 87 spots on temporary dirt lots and overflow parking) 50 Minimum Motor vehicles reserved for single day use (non-camping guests)
Note: 30% of Daily Maximum Use limits will be reserved for Day Use (non-Campground guests)
10. Proposed Fee Structure: Table 2 represents the intended fee structure for use of the launch ramp / lake and equipment rental options. Note that lower daily access fees will be charged on weekdays and higher access fees will be charged on weekends and holidays. With some repairs, the launch ramp and floating docks in place can be restored
8. Access Points and Operating Hours
Access subject to completion of an accessible road (Vail Oaks Drive) from the Campground. Direct access from Highway 79 to the boating facilities at Vail Lake Marina, will no longer be allowed. Campers or day-use visitors will be allowed to trailer in boats using the upgraded portions of Vail Oak Drive once the new Arizona crossing at the creek is completed.
Table 2: Vail Lake Use Fees User
Day Use General Admission Per Person
Includes: Standard Campground Day use per person $99-$195 includes trail access
Powered Boat Launch
Human Powered Boat Launch Equipment Powered Boat Rentals Human Powered Boat Rentals
$0 Daily $25-$250 $10-$50
Daily Fishing Permit, must possess a CA state fishing permit
No Charge inclusive of General Admin Includes: Hourly and Daily Rentals Planned Hourly and Daily Rentals Planned
11. Lake Level Issues and Solutions Vail lake has experienced a high degree of variation in lake levels due to the drought and to other operational conditions. Depending on storm events, the lake could crest at 1,472 feet with a latency elevation of 1,487 feet. Drawdowns will occur at a much lower speed than possible floodwaters. The Rancho California Water District intends to operate the lake from between 1,400 and 1,457 feet in elevation. These variations are shown on Figure 7 and on Table 3. The ideal lake level for operating the Marina would be between 1,420 and 1,457 feet in elevation. The levels that will control when certain activities are allowed, are also shown on Table 3. The floating docks at Vail Lake Marina are movable as the lake is either lowered or raised. Most of the dock system is floating on pontoons with some underwater anchor points that can be moved. The structures will be hinged to the shoreline through special diamond footing systems and cabling to concrete blocks that can be moved in the future. The proposed restroom facility at Vail Lake Marina includes two chemical toilets for men, two for women and one special ADA portable unit. The restroom facilities will be left on trailers to allow them to be cleaned and emptied on a rotational basis. These trailers will allow the facility to be moved within hours. Shoreline restrooms will be added in maintenance vehicle access limits, all being at least 50 feet from the active shoreline.
Table 3: Vail Lake Level Dynamics and Management Controls Minimum Lake Level 1,400 1,415 1,420 1,430 1,435
Operation Lake shore open for on land recreation and shoreline fishing Kayak and Canoe Boat Launch Allowed Flat Bottom Fishing Powered Boats Allowed Power boat launch allowed Waterski related activities allowed
Maximum Lake Level 1,457 1,475
Portable Facilities move up to Marina Buildings Above this level, lake closed for recreational activities and access
12. Control Program: This management plan includes a description of the program to control recreation activities on the reservoir in a manner that is for the benefit and safety of the public as well as the primary interests of water purveyance from the Rancho California Water District. KEI operating as the licensee under KAMP-VL, LLC will be directly responsible for the implementation of the Control Program. The Rancho California Water District will be the responsible agency for regulatory overview. The following agreements make up the basis of the Control Program:
Lake Recreation Management Plan
12.1 Water Use and Water Quality
KAMP will follow any required water quality procedures determined by the District and regulatory agencies.
12.2 Emergency Plan
The Rancho California Water District will be responsible for the operation of the reservoir and will implement their emergency plan if there is an actual or threatened water contamination incident. The emergency plan will include notification of the State and local health departments as well as the water purveyor(s) taking water from the reservoir.
12.3 Environmental Requirements
KAMP-VL will develop and implement an invasive species monitoring program for the protection of the District’s water supply. Phase I of this program is the state- required boat inspection program for Quagga Mussel Control. As part of the environmental resource management requirements, KAMP-VL will use an outside consultant to assist in a cultural management plan to identify sensitive areas. Building and site preservation will start with identification and location on the property. Where possible, an interpretive signage with explanation of the history of the structure or site would be preferred to allow guests and visitors to explore the site. However, where safety is concerned, or where guest contact should be limited, barriers to the site will be erected to deter damage. Native vegetation that is necessary to preserve and protect as directed in the environmental review will also need to be identified and barriers put in place to make sure that it is allowed to thrive. Consultation with landscape architects specializing in land management and sensitive area management will be sought to develop best practices and an appropriate strategy. This may include removal of invasive plant species, management of tree growth for overall health of trees and shrubs, natural barrier implementation such as rocks, stones and path location to prevent human contact and the line. In all aspects, constant maintenance and clean-up of the land and environment are paramount not only to the well-being of the natural resources, but to the satisfaction of the guests. Security staff will ensure that cultural sites and historic buildings are patrolled and kept in the condition in which they were found.
Toilets must be emptied and cleaned daily in developed areas during the recreation season. At other times, and in remote areas, toilets must be emptied and cleaned at least once a week. KAMP-VL emphasizes the importance of maintaining a high quality facility from an operational standpoint but also from a budgeting perspective. A well maintained campground not only directly relates to a better guest experience and higher guest reviews, but it reduces the overall long term cost of facility ownership, too. To ensure best-in-class quality among all properties, KAMP-VL conducts annual internal inspections of each property by a member of the senior management team. In addition, annual KOA (franchiser) quality reviews are completed to make sure the brand standards are being met by providing an additional set of eyes for monitoring quality.
Refuse Disposal Dumping of refuse into the water or along the shoreline of the reservoir and tributary streams will be prohibited. Conveniently located, covered, and anchored refuse containers will be provided in all areas open for recreation. A sufficient number of such containers will be provided to accommodate refuse generated during peak use periods. An approved waste collection and disposal entity must transport refuse off the watershed for disposal.
12.5 Equestrian Health Related Issues
Prior to construction the local health department must approve the location and operating plans for all corrals, stables, staging areas, and trails. Before an area is open to equestrian use, a suitable ordinance or regulation acceptable to the local health department must be established to control equestrian activities. Horses will be prohibited from entering the reservoir or any tributary stream within 200 feet of the reservoir shoreline. The operator of the equestrian recreation facility will implement a program of fencing, posting, and patrol to accomplish this objective. All equestrian trails will be set back at least 100 feet from the reservoir high water level. The operator of the equestrian facilities must provide the public with copies of all applicable ordinances in a brochure that prominently states that the reservoir is a source of domestic water supply and must be protected. Stables or corrals should not be located on the reservoir watershed. If this is not possible, the following restrictions apply: Equestrian facilities must be set back at least 1,000 feet from the high water level of the reservoir. The maintenance program for stables and corrals must provide daily collection of manure at all corrals and stable areas, and transportation to a storage or disposal area out of the watershed. Storm water drainage from stables and corrals must be prevented entering the reservoir insofar as feasible. Storm water from adjacent areas should be diverted away from stables and corrals.
12.6 Operator Maintenance
The Licensee will coordinate with the local health agency to provide public health surveillance of recreation activities at a reservoir. The reservoir operator should negotiate a contract with the local health department to provide this service. This contract should provide for at least one inspection per month of the recreation area by a registered Environmental Health Specialist.
12.7 Public Education
Visitors will be effectively informed that the reservoir is used for drinking water purposes and must be protected. The information program will have informational bulletins that the reservoir is a source of domestic water supply and shall not be polluted. All persons entering the recreation area will be supplied with informational material relating to the protection of the water supply, the rules of the camp and lake as well as information on boating inspections to avoid Quagga Mussel control. Locate large permanent signs throughout the recreation area indicating that the reservoir is a source of domestic water supply.
Provide decals for posting inside all rental and all private boats indicating the need for protection of the stored water supply.
12.8 Security Guest and visitor security are a core concern. KAMP-VL’s philosophy for securing parks under their administration is to use specially trained staff who are professional, guest focused, and always available to facilitate a full 24 hour schedule of availability to our guests. Security Personnel will be on staff 24 hours per day. These personnel will be hired and trained for tasks in:
Emergency management Guest Service Escalation Protocol Interaction and incident management Applicable laws and regulations Coordination with local Law Enforcement officers Patrol and interdiction Basic First Aid and CPR
Lake security will be handled from both the shore side and via a water-borne patrol boat.
Shoreside security will be located at the Village Center and will be on patrol 24 hours a day. Three shifts will be included, with 30 minute overlaps between shifts to assure continuity of current issues and monitoring requirements. Patrol of the lake area will be handled during daytime hours by two security personnel located at the Vail Lake Marina. They will utilize two special patrol craft available at the docks. The second individual may have additional launch ramp and dock responsibilities beyond security patrol. The number of boat patrols will be sufficient to police the entire reservoir at least twice daily. Boat patrols will be provided with radio communication equipment or cell phones. Security professionals will be trained in some Fish and Game management tasks to ensure fishing is conducted according to established rules and that the Quagga Mussel Control program is enforced. Gate control will be handled through gate arms that will be installed at the entrance of the property to provide additional after-hours security and checkpoints for identifying registered and non-registered guests. For guests staying overnight on the property, they will be given a gate code to be able to enter and exit the park 24 hours/day. Remote area patrol will be accomplished with the use of all terrain golf carts and where capable, remote camera monitoring. All areas of the park and surrounding activity areas will be patrolled and monitored in a random pattern. Natural geography, barriers and access points will be used to “funnel” traffic into strategic locations. Where access roadways need control, gates with pedestrian or bike by-pass will be used, or in the case of the reservoir area, gates locked with adjacent fencing to prevent access to the reservoir by controlling 100’ minimum around the structure and its inlets. The addition of entry gate arms will allow after-hours traffic to be controlled and monitored through remote camera equipment. PAGE
Temecula/Vail Lake KOA
Figure 4: Vail Lake Marina Use Area Overview PAGE
Lake Recreation Management Plan
Figure 5: Vail Lake Marina Oblique of Potential Facilities Looking West
Changing shorelines have made boat access nearly impossible
A large area of the Marina Lake could be used for recreation
Figure 6: Vail Lake Marina Oblique of Potential Facilities Looking North PAGE
Temecula/Vail Lake KOA
Front of Dam
500 ft Line
1.18 Miles Typical 100-200' Offset from Road to Lake Level
Legend Restroom Locations Boat Travel Distance to Restrooms Lake Level (1472') Latency Flood Level (1487') Range of Operations (1400-1457') 0
Figure 7: Lake Spillway, Flooding, Range of Elevations, and Restroom Distances PAGE
Lake Recreation Management Plan
Coordination with other agencies, service providers and local law enforcement will be crucial and a focus for security staff. Funding for the security personnel will be offset by campground fees, rental fees of equipment and day use fees. The recreation administrator or manager of the Rancho California Water District will be authorized to close the reservoir to recreation when the safety of the stored domestic water supply may be jeopardized and when the number of visitors is too small to justify providing the necessary supervision. Additional personnel will be provided for larger crowds or large recreation developments, especially during peak use periods, to assure proper supervision and control of the visitors in all areas open to recreational use.
Calls for service will be facilitated by the use of published after hours numbers. 2-way radios will be used for communication with other staff, front desk and remotely located staff members. All calls will be documented via a guest Interaction log and escalated as needed. Photo documentation of property damage, suspects, or evidence will accompany all reports.
13. Best Management Practices for the Quagga Mussel Control Below is a description of materials that will be provided to all visitors of the RV resort including day users. For anyone trailering a boat, they will be directed to check in with the Marina operator prior to launching the boat. They will be provided with the checklist at the gate and requested to review prior to launching. It will also be pointed out to the guest that launching at the Vail Lake Marina ramp is the only allowed location to put a boat into the water and that they must check in with Marina staff, if not present, prior to launching.
Control of launched boats: KAMP-VL intends to provide boating opportunities through rental programs, from paddle-craft, small boats, fishing boats, ski boats as well as pontoon cruisers. All of these will be under an inspection program by KAMP-VL staff. This factor will allow for boating and recreational watercraft activity on the lake and will lower the demand for launching and inspecting. However, launched boats will be allowed.
Control of the Quagga Mussel will be accomplished in the following manner: 1) Flier for all guests 2) Special requirements verbally given to anyone trailering a boat or with personal watercraft that no boat launching will occur anywhere other than the boat launch ramp at Vail Lake Marina and that inspections are required to be done by the boat owners and staff prior to launching, under the approval of Marina staff that will be observing the area during all operation hours. 3) Printed instructions 4) Interface with Marina staff that will need to approve before launching.
Instruction manual that staff will be trained on and that boating guests will be provided: These procedures have been developed to help prevent the spread of aquatic invasive species, especially quagga mussels, on tailored watercraft. Benefits to the boat owner include protecting the motor boat engine from overheating, enhancing boat performance and reducing gasoline consumption. When properly used, these procedures also preserve fishing, protect the aquatic environment, and save millions of dollars in water supply and electric-power generating equipment maintenance. It protects Vail Lake from the many destructive invasive species that hitchhike on boats. Finally, it enables everyone to comply with state and federal laws prohibiting the spread of the Quagga mussels. The few minutes required to inspect and clean equipment is worth more than the effort by returning the many benefits listed previously. These instructions enable the boat owner to inspect every part of boat equipment that has been in contact with the water. They allow for the discovery and removing of all mussels-including attached adults, juveniles and larvae. Microscopic, free-floating larvae can be found anywhere there is standing water remaining on your vessel or trailer. Attached juveniles the size of sand grains, older juveniles the size of a shotgun pellet, or adults up to an inch in length, might be found anywhere on the boat. Therefore, an inspection must be detailed and thorough.
Quagga Mussel biology: Mussels are tough and its often difficult to know what exact conditions kill them. Thus, it is beneficial to know basic concepts. High temperatures, low humidity, and prolonged time are all injurious to mussels and increase the likelihood of death. Boaters are advised to do everything possible to expose their equipment to hot and dry conditions for as long as possible. Multiple researchers have shown that any dry exposure longer than 21 days will kill all muscles. It is recommended to leave boats outside in the sun after opening and exposing compartments and wet locations. The opposite of hot, dry conditions is found with boats that are used and moored in mussel-infested waters. Below the waterline it is cool and totally wet, and the boat sits for weeks, months and sometimes years. This is ideal mussel habitat! Phytoplankton (microscopic plant food) float everywhere in the water, providing nourishment to the mussels. Microscopic larvae attach to the hull when the boat is anchored or when moored. Under these ideal conditions the quagga mussel will vigorously grow and reproduce. In a short-time they can cover the entire underside or a boat. This creates drag that increases gasoline consumption; quagga mussels can plug motor cooling systems causing overheating and damage. Large boats that remain in mussel infested waters for extended times are almost certain to develop quagga mussel colonies. When moved to uninfested waters, they constitute the highest risk of transporting mussels. Exercise all possible diligence to inspect and clean such boats. Boats leaving a water body known to be infected must be inspected and cleaned and allow the boat and trailer to air-dry for at least 7 days. Longer is better.
General instructions common to all water craft: •
Dispose of unused bait by emptying the bait bucket into a dumpster. Do not take bait home. Do not empty it on the ground. NEVER put left over, unwanted bait into any water body.
Drain ALL water from the boat, especially the live well. Drain all water from the bilge, motor well, (trailer frame, wheel, Fender & Light) water-holding compartments, and water-skiing ballast tanks and bladders. See detailed instructions below for ballast tanks.
Completely drain all water from the motor cooling system. Some motors, like outboards, drain frequently and easily, other motors (some inboards and stern-drives) can only be drained using special equipment and procedures. Follow the motor manufactures instructions or obtain the services of a qualified service technician. This is the same as draining the motor at the end of boating season to prevent freezing in the engine cooling system. Failure to do this can result in mussels growing inside the engine block and in the lines carrying cooling water to and from the motor. The consequences can be overheating which may result in serious damage to the motor, in addition to the mussels.
Remove all Plants and animal material. Thoroughly inspect the boat, trailer and all equipment for mud, plants and mussels. Completely remove any plant or mud contaminations.
Arriving boaters will have their craft inspected according to these procedures before entering the water. If ANY mussel adults, juveniles or larvae are discovered a complete cleaning of all equipment will be required according to the procedures below. Western water bodies known to contain quagga mussels include Lake Mead, Lake Mojave, Lake Havasu, and the Colorado River Drainage below these lakes including: Lake Skinner, Lake Mathews, San Vicente Reservoir, Dixon Lake, Lower Otay Reservoir and Lake Murray. Boats that have been launched in these waters within the last 30 days must be inspected thoroughly for quagga infestation before launching into Vail Lake.
Temecula/Vail Lake KOA
Staff will ask the boat owner for permission to inspect boats prior to touching or accessing property. Staff, in conjunction with the boat owner, will conduct a thorough visual inspection. In addition to this visual survey, both staff and the boat-owner will inspect the watercraft by gently running hands along the entire surface of the equipment. Time will be taken to carefully feel for juvenile mussels. Using a provided inspection sheet, the following areas will be checked. Trailers:
2. Float Belts 3. Personal flotation devices 4. Float Cushions 5. Rope Lockers 6. Equipment Lockers
1. Trailer frame Rollers & bunks 2. License plate
8. Water skis and ropes
3. Lights Wiring
9. Ski gloves
10. Clothing and footwear
12. Downriggers & other fishing equipment that entered the water.
13. Bait and Live Wells
9. Trailer & Wheels Water Craft Exterior requirements includes: 1. Entire Hull 2. Trim tabs: top and bottom of hinges 3. Thru-hull fittings Transducers 4. Pitot tube 5. Cavitation Plates 6. Ropes & Lines Anchors 7. Depth sounders 8. Water Intakes 9. Water outlet Lights Motors: 1. Entire exterior housing 2. Propeller 3. Propeller Shaft 4. Propeller Shaft Support 5. Propeller guards Propulsion Systems 6. Lower Unit 7. Gimbal area 8. Water Intake & Outlets
1. ALL nets
7. Waterfowl decoys and camouflage blinds
8. Pockets & Hollow Spaces
When adult Quagga or Zebra Mussel shells are found attached to any surface, the boat must not be allowed to launch, and it must be thoroughly decontaminated. These invasive creatures can cause so much in the way of environmental damage and cost so much money to control. They must be completely removed from wherever they are found and destroyed. Adults are indicated by shells of any visible size. They are the highest risk since they are the toughest to kill and they reproduce very rapidly. A boat must be completely washed with a pressurized power sprayer using water 140 degrees Fahrenheit or hotter. Contact with water at this temperature will kill quagga mussel juveniles and larvae in a few seconds.
Decontamination protocol: For Boats and other Recreational Equipment Potentially contaminated with Zebra/Quagga Mussels. Step 1: DRAIN Bilges, wet wells, live wells and any other compartments that could hold water from an infested field collection site should be drained of water at the boat ramp before leaving the area. If a boat has carried water from another location; remove all water and treat it with household bleach (>5% sodium hypochlorite). Add a concentration of 3 ounces of bleach per 5 gallons of water for a minimum of one hour before disposing in waste water drain. Never dump water to the ground.
Step 2: PURGE To kill and purge the larvae that may be in the engines cooling system; run disinfecting water through the motor for at least 1 minute. Disinfecting water should be either 1) Solution using household bleach (>5% sodium hypochlorite) Add a concentration of 3 OZ of bleach per 5 gallons of water or 2) tap water heated to > 140 F. Running bleach through an engine may violate the terms of the engines warranty, so hot water is recommended. Step 2: SCRUB Scrub all surfaces with water to remove any cleaning material (plants, animals, mud, etc.) Then visually inspect and remove anything remaining. Pay special attention to the cracks and crevices in which muscles may become trapped as well as aquatic plants harboring juvenile muscles that may be present on trailers or propellers. Chemical disinfectants are not recommended for killing adult muscles. At this step, the goal is to remove all living organisms as well as mud and other debris. Step 3: WASH Hose down everything with hot high-pressure water including boats, anchors, trailer, and anything else that encountered the water. Pay attention to trailer pads made of carpet and foam rubber, which contract tiny muscles. Perform the wash slowly and carefully. Spray all small nooks and crannies where muscle larvae may be lodged. Temperature and exposure time determine the effectiveness of temperature treatment. Live steam, boiling, and hot (>140 F) power washing are all believed to be effective against all the zebra/quagga muscle life stages. Work a small section at a time with a minimum exposure of 3 minutes at full heat for each area. Be careful not to remove decals, paint or labels from the boat while spraying. Using a power sprayer car wash, even with hot water is NOT adequate. most car washes do not have water heaters and only provide cold water washes. Additionally, live muscle juveniles and larvae could be washed into storm drains and empty into the nearest stream, this would spread muscles into waterways and reservoirs. Step 4: DRY After thorough scrubbing, power washing and visual inspection, dry the boat and all equipment and keep everything out of the water for at least 2 weeks if temperature is below 70 degrees Fahrenheit, or one week if weather is warm (>70 F) and dry (<40% relative humidity). In winter, freezing maybe be used as an effective tool period. Adult Zebra/quagga mussels have a relatively low tolerance to freezing. Exposing boats and equipment to continually freezing temperatures for a recommended period of three days should produce 100% mortality.