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Jacob C. Cassel 915 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pa Manufacturer of

AQUARIUMS Aquarium Ornaments Floral Terra Cotta, Etc. Fish Globes

Goldfish

and

Aquarium 1873

Fish Food

aquarium requisites. Send for Catalog.

all

Specialty Co. New York

Washington Avenue

City

Special Offer Acclimated Imported Stock of Lar^e Size Jordanella floridae

Gambusia holbrooki

MoUienisia latipinna

Fundulus chrysotus

Single Pair $ 1.50 Lots of 5 Pair of Each at $6.25 Lots of 10 Pair of Each at $10.00

YOUNG LIONHEADS (Perfect Form) AT 40c EACH YOUNG CALICO JAPS & TELESCOPES AT 25c EACH Reduction

We Buy

in

for Cash, or

Stock

in

Quantities

Exchange Your Surplus

Any Quantity No

Correspondence Solicited

Catalogues Issued

JOS. TAUBLES, Manager Please

mention

AQUATIC LIFE when

writing

advertisers.


^"

OKe Red

!

DR.

i

Red-bellied

Newt

-Bellied

Nexv)t

W. SHUFELDT

R.

f 4

PhotograpKed b^ the AutKor

Diemyctj)lus pyrrhagister

4 During the

latter part of

year (1916) Mr.

Edward

March S.

of this

Schmid, the

well-known pet fancier, of Washington, D. C, obtained from a Japanese dealer in San Francisco, a lot of over one hun-

them formed the subject for a colored which I prepared, giving the animals a size of some six times that of life (linear). Employing this chart as a means of demonstration, with the aid of

wall chart

dred specimens of that most beautiful

of the living specimens in a small fish

salamander of Japan, the Red-bellied Newt (Diemyctylus pyrrhogaster). This

globe,

elegant form belongs in the same genus

meeting

with

our

newt

(D.

opinion, it

—

common

viridescens), is

it

at least,

limit

of

though,

in

my

not very closely related to

each

the

water

spotted

little

may

generic

be at the extreme confines

of

that

I

my

is

Five

Biological

This illustration

great differences to be seen in the color parts.

the

ing animals, and these

below.

under

of

Society of

chart with the camera, reducing the

Schmid very generously loaned from this fine me collection, and these I picked out for the distribution on their

account of

five figures to the natural size of the liv-

group. half a dozen specimens

brief

Washington, which was held on the 8th of April, 1916. Subsequently I copied

life.

Mr.

presented a

these very interesting batrachians at the

to

is

I

colored as in

here reproduced

supplement the short description given Superiorly, the skin of this batrachian

rather rough, due to the presence of a

fine,

warty growth upon

it.

When

seen


;

Slqnatic

from above,

directly

dark or black-

this

no way relieved by any brighter color, and the observer would never suspect the brilliant orange vermilion of the markings of the under No two specimens have these two parts. ish-brown skin

is

in

but by studyobserved that in

highly-tinted patterns alike

ing the series

some

it

individuals

nearly entire, as

more or the

will be

tail

less

;

area

colored

the

shown

in Figs,

i

and

Still,

harmless as any other species of Diemy-

— indeed,

ctyhis

stroy

the

which case

in

that

to take

this

localities as Ir

certainly

strikingly

on two

or three different styles.

tend to become broadly zigzag between the throat and the vent, as in It

may

Fig. 3

;

or

it

may form

a

median

line

with crooked lateral branches and a few scattered spots, as in Fig. 5; finally,

may break up

into

it

irregularly formed

islands and spots of color, as exhibited Rarely are the color spots to in Fig. 4.

be found on the under side of the limbs.

Again, the color area frequently seems to persist about the genital fissure or the

vent, as the case

may

be,

specimens the chin area

is

and

in

many

unbroken.

I

am

strongly inclined to believe that these color patterns are quite independent of

the sex of the individual, and possibly of age.

This seems to be a hardy species, and is certainly a very beautiful creature in an aquarium. They are very fond of small frog tadpoles and angling

it would be likely to thrive. makes a very interesting and handsome addition to the

aquarium.

more

pattern appears

stage the

might, in time, become a part of

it

the aquatic fauna of the country, in such

Water Hyacinths a Pest Experiments on water hyacinth have in French Indo-China for

lying islets of red spots.

From

would be a beautiful

it

addition to introduce into our ponds, in

or both of offfew with a jagged, and less broken

outer margins are

undesirable

one or

this area is nearly entire, either its

many

of

aquatic insects, perhaps mosquito larvae,

is

where

must believe they de-

I

larvae

2,

of the inferior border of

being always red.

Hit

worms

and as some of the females appear to be heavy with spawn, I am in hopes that later on I may have the opportunity to They try to rear the young from eggs. seem to like pretty deep water, and have no apparent inclination to come up on the mossy bank or flat stones that rise out of it. This newt is probably quite as

been carried on

some profit the which encumbers the lower Mekong and other waters of Cochin China and Cambodia to such a degree that it has become a positive menace to The fibre produced by this na\ngation. the purpose of turning to

growth

according to the "London Engi-

plant,

neer," has been used in the manufacture twine,

rope,

of

matting,

paddy

sacks,

boxes and chairs, cradles and other cles

of

with

furniture.

silk

to

a somewhat stiff but Water hyacinth has now

form

durable cloth.

entered the commercial

field

of rattan, rather than jute. that since April, 191

compressed

dried,

arti-

has been mixed

It

1,

as a rival It

is

stated

the plant has been

into

and

briquettes,

used as fuel at Khartum and other points on the Upper Nile.

These briquettes can

be put on the market at $5.75 per ton,

and it is said that tests made on a steamer on the White Nile have demonstrated that their efficiency as a fuel equals that

of the

same amount of the best

— "Why economical animal — Dorn "Because, Torn

is

the

frog

coal.

the

most

?"

skin, it."

it

rolls

it

after casting off

into a neat ball

and

its

eats


TKe

Indian Golden Bass

WALTER LANMOT From

"Land

the

of Mysteries," India,

that densely populated country inhabited

by more than forty million people, and

many

boasting of as

as

forty diiTerent

to a silver

BRIND.

F.

Z.

S.

depth of six to eight inches; clean sand on the bottom, planted with

thickets of Vallisneria in the corners

along three sides, open

A

in front

and and cenleast one

languages, comes to us one of the most

tre.

and elfin-like of the fishes that grace and lend an air of mystery to our aquaria the tiny Golden Bass, Ambassis

corner will afford shelter for the female should an argument arise. temperature of about 75 degrees Fahrenheit, for

Ma.

breeding, and 65 to y2 degrees at other

spiritual

—

This

takably

bass, for such

little

is,

averages

unmis-

in at

A

over an inch

little

with a depth of body of a much, and a thickness at the

length,

in

third

as

thickest part of the thorax of

Well, it

it

bunch of Nitella

if

that a sheet of paper

more

Herein

visible.

of this dainty

he can help

is

seems thicker and lies the mystery

He

little fellov/.

never,

if

permits a broadside viev/

it.

though transparent body,

of his glittering

for he

—nothing.

not "nothing," then so close to

ever heading straight at you,

or else in the opposite direction, so that it

almost necessary for two people to

is

aquarium

approach the

from opposite him

sides in order to steal a glimpse of

among

as he

(or she)

the

of the plants which afford and surroundings most congenial

leaves

shelter to

rushes to cover

In

him..

his

home waters

there

is

always an admixture of sea salt, such as is found in the haunts of our own Mol-

Ambassis

lienisia latipinna.

lala will live

contentedly in quite fresh water, though I

of

always add sea a

salt to the

tablespoonful

to

five

among

The eggs

the plants wherever

they are dense and free from waste matter

and excreta. They are tiny, clear as and are deposited in lots of five

crystal,

or six at a time to a total of thirty to fifty.

The parent fish in the swim side by side,

act of laying

the eggs

the function being performed with so swift a move-

ment through the plants be witnessed.

of

lala

to perfection.

it

are deposited

proportion

water, using old aquarium water in pref-

To

times, suits

gallons

erence.

dainty

Ambassis

is

from

that

it

can hardly

The period of incubation

ten

to

fifteen

hours.

After

hatching, the fry cling to the glass and

those fish

aquarium

desirous I

— two

would or

of

breeding

advise

three

feet

a

this

large

long

by

eighteen inches to two feet wide; water

plants for three or four days.

The aquarium should be placed less than a yard distant from an east window v/here there

is

abundant morning sun-


— —

)aqnatic

narrow end should be nearest

the

sliine,

As with other

light.

t'^e

frst food of the

Cyclops. rcised to

(

the

fish is Infusoria,

Daphnia and The greatest care must be exstrain the Daphnia and Cyclops prefer

they

later

little

species,

tiny

tlirough a very fine brass wire screen or t:oth, so that

no large ones pass through.

he young are very voracious as they rrow up and often choke themselves on 'i

Prepared

l:rge mouthfuls of live food.

Hit

breeding such rare and interesting fishes with which other fanciers had not suc-

and

ceeded,

his

swam, yachts,

rather

or

homes

spacious all

no reason why any one who is fortunate enough to possess this most desirable fish should not do as I do throughout the winter when Daphnia is ?'.carce, namely, keep a constant supply in mason jars set in an east window, with

There

Ida.

on the bottom of each, and water plants thrown in at random. As the sunencourages the growth of algse on of

inside

the

thrive.

Of

the

jars

Daphnia

the

course, only a few, say the

equivalent of a large pea in bulk, can be

maintained

loom tain J

the

each jar

in

cooler the

more you can keep, within cerWith twenty-four jars a

limits.

No more my

amber

at

is

like a thin slip

it

tail

at

The dormarked with

an angle. are

fins

Indian red, and have light blue edges. There are a few indistinct vertical, broken black bars on the sides. The female is more greenish, and clear, glassy and transparent, the red of the male being absent. During the summer the ovaries are visible through the abdominal walls. The Golden Bass is a shy little fish, and great care must be exercised not to frighten

it.

Don't Be Hasty Though time onward

'skeeter

"Are there any trout out there?" asked "Thousands of 'em." "Will they bite easily?"

to bait a

Ambassis

residence

of

lala

Mr.

Germany.

in con-

one friend.

ever

the

telling

fishing

templation.

four

sight

flies,

netting.

An enthusiastic fisherman was some friends about a proposed trip to a lake in Colorado he had

has

beautiful

speedily

and summer's sun is setting, not for some time will it be wise to shake ye

eyes than a series of

?

A man hook."

Why,

they're absolutely

has to hide behind a tree

Country Gentleman.

which Carl

Schmidt, of Freidrichshagen, near Berlin,

and all and tails,

with golden gleams as

glass

anal and

vicious.

successive broods of

saw

cutter

direction,

fins erect

The male Ambassis of

"Will they

as absolutely require them.

rreeted

I

— the

ood supply can be maintained for such

I'.sh

same

their

of

is

dirt

light

fleets

spread wide.

sal,

dry foods, and indeed anything but live :'ood, is out of the question for Amhassis

around

sailed,

like

in the

were crowned

The young Amhassis

with dorsal and anal

the light strikes

Daphne Sieve

efforts

with great success.

This gentleman devoted

himself at that time, 191Q, exclusively to

"We

all round about us one which no man can labor for himself, without laboring at the same time for all others." Hyperion,

behold

vast union, in


Tne

I

JOHN

4

A

EarthvJorn: R.

Fish Food

BASCOTT

_=_^

4

4 OtOned ty JoKn

i |

_^

Mc Ginnis

OvJned by

^

W. H. HeimbacK

YOUNG CALICO TELESCOPE BROAD -TAIL GOLDFISH The

type

you

are

proud

to possess at

is an earthworm?" answer would be "food for True, and fine food, but there fishes." Its skin the question would likely rest. is soft and naked, and protected with a The body consists of coating of slime. from one hundred to two hundred rings, each provided with minute bristles. It is

If

one asked "^^'hat

the probable

these bristles

that

worm

enable the

its

even though

hole,

The muscular system

it

is

to

from

so successfully resist being pulled

be rent apart well developed,

and the animals can crawl backward and forward.

The

internal organs are rathei

though

simple,

to

describe

oughly would require brief,

it

many

pages.

has a pharynx, which

forward when

it

eats.

the oesophagus, which

opens

into

the

is

In

pushed

This conducts to is

enlarged into a

crop in front of the gizzard.

organ

them thor-

The

intestine,

latter

which

the close of the outdoor season

runs

in a straight line to the vent.

Tiny

grains of sand are found in the gizzard

and the

intestine,

food.

and probably serve

Respiration

to grind

on through the whole surface of the body. Eyes and ears are not present, but the is

carried

animal

is sensitive to light and sound. Each individual unites the two sexes in its body, but two worms pair together.

The eggs

are

contained

in

a

of

sort

cocoon formed of mucus, which hardens when exposed to the air.

The earthworm

feeds on vegetable sub-

stances contained in the

soil,

so that

it

is

constantly swallowing earth to obtain nuIt plays a most important part economy of Nature, as, by breaking up and mixing the soil and by drag-

triment. in the

ging leaves into

its burrow, it has tilled and manured the earth for ages. They are found throughout the world. Though


jflquatic

few

in species, they

make up

in

Utt

On

numbers.

Morphology of Gambusia

has been estimated that they average

It

about one hundred thousand to the acre. The earthworm forms an excellent and easily obtained food for It

fishes.

many aquarium

customary to

select

small,

"night crawlers"

ones— not brge

tender

— and

is

to cut each into small pieces suit-

able in size to the particular fishes to be When tiny particles are desired for fed.

sand

fry, place a tablespoonful of coarse

round-bottom china bowl, add a few worms killed by scalding, then proceed in a

water-worn pebble the size of a hen's egg, just as a chemadd ist would use a mortar and pestle water, stir rapidly for a moment, pause to allow sand to settle, then pour ofif into to grind with a smooth,

W.

One

HILPERT

S.

most interesting studies the Laboratory of the Bureau of Fisheries, at Beaufort, N. C, is that reported by Dr. Albert Kunz, of the

of

out

carried

at

the University of Iowa, in "Science."

Kunz's studies were devoted to morphology of the reproductive organs of Gambusia affinis. which abounds Dr.

the

the vicinity

in

Beaufort, in

of

all

the

fresh water streams entering the harbor.

His

were

eft'orts

directed to

especially

the structure of the apparatus control-

modified anal

the

ling

the male

in

fin

;

another

worm

vessel.

The

will be held in

tiny

particles

of

suspension in the

water longer than the heavier sand. thus decanting several times

if

By

necessary,

ground worm will be separated from the sand and may then be fed. For a winter supply of worms, secure a wooden box from the grocer, or several Be certain if a large supply is desired. nailed. Put in a that the box is securely two-inch layer of garden soil and leaf mould, and over it distribute a good layer of worms. Add two more layers of earth and worms, with an inch layer of soil on top. Cover with three boards an inch thick, leaving an inch space all around, Place the with a brick on each board. box in a moderately col cellar, and the

occasionally

sprinkle

Every

sixty

potato and

days

mix with

keep

to

mash

a

moist.

cold

boiled

the top layer of

Gambusia.

"This

report

fin," the

by

controlled

is

which has

its

powerful

a

projecting ventrally from the fourth to the

abdominal

last

can't it.

remove an

Lincoln.

and

vertebrae,

the

modified anal spines of the proximal end of the anal

and

fifth

fin

rays.

The

third, fourth

fin

are enlarged,

rays of the

greatly elongated and variously curved,

bearing short spines on their distal por-

The interhemal which

tions.

with the third ray

elongated to articulate with the

ficiently

two anterior processes,

which

on

muscle controlling the anal

The

origin.

ward

articulates

enlarged and suf-

is

at

fifth

one

ray

may

of

side

has

fin

be

drawn fourth

the

the its

for-

and

brought into proximity with the third. In this manner a groove or tube ed,

through which the milt

from the male

is

is

form-

transferred

to the female."

The study

of Nature

highest

with

the

never

trifle

is

mind.

with Nature.

an intercourse

You At

obstacle,

shouLI

the lowest

her works are the works of the highest

powers, the highest something

you plow around

muscle,

origin on a honey process

soil.

\Vhen worms are desired, lift off the boards and they will be found on the Do not disturb the soil any surface. more than is necessary.

When

tells us,

"functions as an intromittent organ and

ever

way we may

Agassis.

look

at

in it.

what-

Louis


<

•••••••••••••••••• •••••e ••••••••• •••••••••••••••••••••••••••

TKe

Quillwort in Aquaria

AQUA

-

PET

••••••••••••••!•••••••••• ••••••••••••••«•••**•••••****••••****••***•*••••••••••••••••

Even is

IsoETAcEae, re-

to botanists, the

gardless of

its

interesting characteristics,

a comparatively

known group

little

of

two hundred, or even more, springfrom a flat bi-lobed or tri-lobed tuber-

ten to

ing

The new

like rootstock.

leaves are pro-

said to be

from the centre of the rosette. The plant reproduces from spores, which

derived from two Greek words meaning

are born in a hol'owed-out portion of the

"equal" and "year," and was applied be-

base of the outer leaves.

plants,

The

about

comprising

generic

name

species.

fifty

Isoetes

is

duced

The

quillwort

cause of the perennial character of the leaves.

While the purpose of

this article,

primarily, to direct attention to their interest as

aquarium

plants,

inasmuch as

are usually ignored or given scant

the}^

attention in vv^orks on the aquarium,

it

may

not be amiss to give a brief descrip-

tion

which should aid

The systematic group as a

in identification.

botanist

regards this

one.

Students of

plant life are not by any

means agreed

as to

difficult

what constitutes

of this genus, nor classes of plants.

vision

of

its

a distinct species

relationship to other

It

belongs in that di-

the vegetable

kingdom

called

Pte;ridophyta, which includes the ferns

and some other spore-bearing or flowerless plants called the fern allies.

In the

development the pteridophytes are above the mosses and below scale of plant

flowering plants.

Some

botanists consider

the Ouillwort to be related to the

Moon-

wort and Adders-tongue ferns, around which so much superstition clustered in ancient times, while others aver that

its

The Quillwort is

heterosporous, that

is,

bears spores of

two sexes on the same

structure indicates a connection with the

the

pines and related plants which are the

different leaves.

more primitive forms of flowering plants. The quillwort is essentially an upright

about one-fourth the size of a pinhead

or

spreading

and few

in

plant, but in

The female

spores are

number, while the male spores

cylin-

are about one-thousandth of an inch in

pointed leaves of a grasslike or in

diameter and very numerous. The spores have an outer coating of silicon, that of

length in the various species from a few

the male spore being beautifully sculp-

inches to two feet, and in

tured.

drical,

rush-like

rosette

aspect.

hollow,

of

The

leaves

vary

number from

A

microscope

is,

of course, re-


â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

mu

laquattc

Much

quired to see the marking. is

laid

on

guishing the various species.

The

lakes

of

species

in sand,

gravel on the bottoms and banks

A great many and streams. are always submerged, while

others are only partially so, or are terresIt is rather rare and local, but is trial. apt to be abundant

when found.

inconspicuous,

probably often over-

it

is

is

Goldfish enthusiasts remote from the

ing the fancy varieties, are apt to be dis-

couraged by the rumors of the prices

commanded by discussion of

how

account of

on

entitled to consideration

is

interesting characteristics

and position in the vegetable world. In the aquarium it increases in size and luxuriance, but can't be propogated, except possibly by dividing the rootstock. Snails are very fond of

it,

hence

of

forth leaf after leaf in spite of their on-

overcome and nothing remains but the rootstock. Reslaughts until finally

gardless of this,

tank that

is

it

it

is

should be in every

without

snails,

and those

fishes that will attack plants.

petition.

stream

"are

any

there

fish

moment

to the experienced aquarist, but

to the novice the loss of

such a specimen

be a severe shock, and very discour-

aging.

During the late summer and autumn months it is possible to buy very attractive fish at little prices

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; twenty-five cents

show aquarium make handsome These

up.

will not be

Given the proper

fair-sized tank, they will

from

this

better

?"

but will

fish,

If

pets.

an

occasional one dies the loss will not be great.

fish-

in

desire

in

It

Much

theni,

and a

food

grow

and ultimately breed just

"Say, bub," remarked a woul !-be

who

win

their stud, or to

perfect relatives.

erman,

maximum

The

value.

comseems that the more perfect a fish the harder it will be to keep in condition. This is not a matter of much improve

will

would have quillwort, out must they go. It is remarkably tenacious of life. Throw a plant into a tank with snails, where it will float at the surface, and it will send

an attrac-

The novice should

paid by experienced breeders

one

if

be spent, but

prices for very fine specimens are usually

to its

not

It is

neither be attracted nor repelled by the fascination

it

how much can

will suffice to stock

little

home aquarium.

tive

While the adaptability of the quill wort not as broad as some other aquarium

fine specimens.

the purpose of this note to enter into a

Being

looked.

plants,

Priced Goldfish

centres of the greatest activity in breed-

wort occurs growing

quill

mud and

Low

stress distin-

in

characteristic

this

beauty

in

like their

more

will be learned

and the desire created for

ones.

And

not

the

these

least,

Pet shops

fishes will increase in value.

"Yes."

should encourage the sale of fancy varie-

"Will they bite?"

ties in

"None

of

them ever

bit

me, mister

;

you don't need to go into the water fish if you don't like."

but to

preference to the common,

for this reason.

The common

ing a dime, increases fact,

pond

fish

little

in

if

only

kind, costvalue, in

twelve inches long

sell

for

but a dollar.

We

frequently read about cats mother-

ing chickens, but

up

to the present time

no correspondent has had the nerve to tell

us that a goldfish

up a brood of parrots.

is

trying to bring

I

am

the wiser in respect to

all

edge, and the better qualified for

tunes for knowing that there in

that

brook.

Thoreau.

is

a

knowlall

for-

minnow


HEATING THE AQUARIUM EDGAR TALLMADGE

A. B. C. D. E. F.

G.

The

Frame

of

question of heating aquaria con-

me

fronted

commencement

at the

"storm windown"

Gla.s

Radiator between aquarium and glass B. Heating coil Heat-retaining cone placed around coil Expansion tank Bottle inverted in tank to regulate expansion

of win-

sary heat for

ter,

shown

ftshes

and

and no doubt other lovers of tropical have been perplexed by the same problem. To those old at the game, or more fortunate in having a room heated to and kept at a given temperature, this

make

will not

interesting reading, but to

my

those not so fortunate

may

experiments

be of value and possibly lead to an

even better method.

When

I

recalled

my

have

my

for them.

room light,

fishes,

in the it

I

felt

However,

previous experi-

room

ences in heating the

no

as

it

in

little

which

I

concern

was the only

house affording the proper

was up

to

me

my

to furnish the neces-.

tenants.

tried

members

systems of tank heating.

selected one that

conditions.

I

seemed best suited to It was the hot water

system that enters at the top of the tank and drops to the bottom, then returns over the top again to drop to the heating coil.

'

my

I inquired of of the society and had and explained to me all the known

the older

I

constructed one and tried

before putting

it

into the tank. It

so beautifully that I

keep the

it

out

worked

began to figure

how

from burning themselves as I pictured them gathered around to keep warm. Alas All my hopes and schemes were shattered, for as soon as I tc

fishes

!

placed the radiator in the tank, and

it


â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

jflquatic

10

one-half inches deep, with a light of glass

:aquat(c JLtfe monthly magazine devoted to the study, care and breeding of native, tropical, gold and fancy fishes, other animals and plants in the household aquarium. Editor

....

Publisher

E. Girard Avenue, Philadelphia

542

Entered as second-class matter September 2d, 1915, at the Postoffice, Philadelphia, Pa., under Act of March

3d,

no way obstructs the light, it would keep a lot of cold air away from the window side of the aquarium. The frame is placed against that of the tank, and in the resulting space of one and one-half inches between the two pieces of glass is placed the hot water radiator, for which any set in

A

W. A. POYSER JOSEPH E. BAUSMAN

litt

1879 $1.00

Yearly Subscription Foreign Subscriptions

1-35

10 cents Copy Payments may be made by express money or-

and,

It in

it.

if it

did no more,

small

suitable

tubing

may

be used.

I

chose small lead pipe having an internal

diameter of one-qujirter inch, such as

used

is

in the construction of pipe organs.

Foreign remittances should be by international

The portion that is outside of the frame is made of copper tubing, a part of which is bent to form the heating coil. Around

money

this coil is placed a heat-retaining

Single

der, draft, postoffice order or registered

letter.

order.

Advertising rates

made known on

Aquatic Life is the only magazine in America devoted exclusively to aquatic life, and its value as an advertising medium in this field of nature study is unequaled. Patrons will confer a favor by sending us the

names of responsible Pet Stock Stores who do not keep Aquatic Life on Copyright,

1916,

sale.

of

1

sank below the surface of the water,

it

filled

with water a bottle of water is inverted and placed in the brass expansion funnel. Ijy this means the system is supplied constantly, evaporation is slight, and constant watching of the water level is obviated.

No

After the system has been

tin.

by Joseph E. Bausman.

September, 1916

Vol. 2

cone

application.

The

heater

is

held

close

the

to

aquarium by means of clamps made from strips of sheet metal.

have intimated that the room in I which I keep my fishes is not easily

became chilled, circulation stopped, and I saw at once that it would not work. Out it came, and was relegated to the

heater

junk heap.

taining a temperature of 22 to 74 degrees

I

went

Rev.

to a friend with

Paul

W.

Roth,

my

and,

it

with a slight improve-

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

consists of

what we

will

the

main-

Fahrenheit, in the tank with a tempera-

I

his idea.

placed in the aciuarium.

with

but

rifiiculty in

ture at times in the

as

It has at least one advantage over other hot water systems pipe or anything else in that no metal is

weather,

have had no

much

heater, contenting myself with the credit

ment over

cold

in I

problem, to

would like to take it myself, I must give him credit for the "storm window" of constructing

heated

The

heater

term a "storm

window," enclosing a hot water radiator, and placed on the outside of the tank and out of sight from the room. The 'apparatus consists of a frame or shallow box the size of the tank, and one and

room

of about 60

degrees, and have been unable to detect variation of the water temperature, showing that the radiation through the tank is very good. The aquarium has a a

capacity

of

measm-ing

about

twenty-five

thirty by fourteen

gallons,

by fourteen

inches.

Just a

word

of heat and

its

in

regard to the source

application.

I

have no

doubt but that good results could be cured by using a small find that a

right light,

oil

se-

lamp, but

I

Welsbach burner from an upwith the mantle removed but

retaining the screen cap, will do

all

that


<9quattc JLitt

is

required.

has a regulator, so that

It

the size of the flame can be adjusted to

The flame

the requirements.

about even

heating

the

Avith

ordinary winter weather one-fourth inch high i:icii

or even more.

placed

is

In

coil.

use a flame

I

very cold a halfkeep the tank cov-

if

;

I

ered with a piece of glass, which conserves the heat.

making the necessary

In

radiator dilute

pipe

While

be well to

will

it

may

pipe

the

hammer

circle,

shut

bend slowly

;

then snip

ofi:"

preceding

before

blow through

course, the tiny hole in

the tube just below the cork acts as a

and permits the passage of

b3^-pass

keep the burner

cient gas to

suffi-

alive.

Mr. Dorsey has used this regulator in an aquarium placed before a window duressjwwytr^

TOfiLLOkV escAPeoF o/\s TO m:j;£p eiAME

Auve

is

To

wide the ends and pour

with

LeifeL

pliers,

w/TH

TH/5 PORTIO/V SUB.

OF /ii£/ecxjKy yAis/Bs

CHA/>fo//YG rB/>rp£iefiraf?£

in a

Be sure the pipe

out the sand.

and was

buckle at the

each end with a pair of flat-nosed or

the pipe

and then close

the length

fill

if

did

I

curves and cause impeded circulation. use sand,

would

the pipes

fill

Otherwise, unless great care

exercised,

it

Of

cut square.

with dry sand before making the various bends.

oiT the gas gradually

not suddenly, as

joints of the

hydrochloric acid.

rot do so,

cut at an angle, so that the rising

is

mercury cuts

used, as a flux, zinc cut up in

I

11

is

nohr OF OfiS.

clear

soldering

the

it.

Aquarium Thermostat

Heat Regulation

When the

gas

used to heat an aquarium

is

regulation

simple matter

may

ing the winter months,

temperature of

if

becomes a

heat

the

a thermostat

is

used.

It

the

room

dropped thirty degrees, yet the aquarium thermometer

constantly registered the 70 degrees the

thermostat was set to maintain.

be secured from any dealer in labor-

atory equipment, and can readily be adjusted

to

aquarium.

needs

the

of

the

tropical

Stock patterns usually pro-

vide for a greater supply of gas than

is

— 'T said he'd repay — Briggs "He

lent that geologist $5,

Jiggs

needed, but can be changed as desired.

slratariferously

Ihe form

flying

illustrated

herewith was de-

scribed several years ago by Mr. L.

Dorsey.

The

regulator

is

a corner of the aquarium,

conducted to

it

from

a

M.

fixture

in

the

It

will

be noted that the intake

it

in a

and he

very short time

!"

was doubtless speaking

From

!

machines

a geologist

submerged in and the gas

room, then from the outlet to the burner used. A few experiments will serve to determine the proper height for the mercury and the position of the gas intake pipe.

when

frequently

is

pterodactyls to

a very short time, to

!"

Agassiz taught his pupils to

kill fish

by

blow on the back of the head as soon as they were caught, that they might not a

sufifer

before dying.

What to

if

the

good things people intend

do tomorrow were only done today?


NOTES & NEWS

>'. ......

....

...

. »• • •

AQUARIUM STAND OF IRON

not

It is

PIPE

difficult to find a suitable

small

for

table

of proper size will

a

sup-

aquarium, any small

port

do,

but with

large sizes, the great weight requires a

One

stand at once strong and durable.

of wood, while desirable because of adaptability to various finishes,

is

COURTESY OF JACOB

C.

CASSEL

ing in Saull's Hall, 802 Girard avenue, on

September 20th. Annual auction of and general discussion of the out-

fishes

lines of the

work

for the winter.

Fred

Richardson, Secretary.

its

apt to

by reason of stout construction, cumbersome in appearance. The stand of

Otto Ruess, of Chicago, has a

lot of

be,

iron pipe possesses every requirement ex-

cept that of finish to conform to ordinary

home will

furnishing,

be painted

though, of course, or

enameled.

If

as follows

phemus. etc.

Polymurial, Pollyanna, Poly-

gallons.

still

has several hun-

dreds of nameless babies on hand.

Rev.

Paul W. Roth.

Mayor

Preston, of Baltimore, has ex-

pressed a desire to have a public aqua-

rium located Philadelphia

Appolinaris,

has exhausted the dictionary

under "Pol," and

The Society will hold the

Napoli,

Political,

One-half inch pipe

be sufficient for a stand for a twentygallon tank; three-quarter inch for fifty will

The

He

:

it

the

aquarium frame is brass, a very handsome stand can be made of polished and lacquered brass pipe.

young Polyacanthus, which he has named

Goldfish first

Fanciers'

autumn meet-

fort,

it

in the battle

Key

in

Fort

will be

McHenry

Park.

remembered, figured

which inspired Francis Scott "The Star Spangled Ban-

to write


Stquatic Hitt ner."

Comments by

the president of the

Park Board, Mr. George Weems Williams, and prominent aquarists of the the project

city, indicate that

to

not likely

is

The movement

be dropped.

name polyp

The

(Greek polupous, many-footed) was originally given to the octopus

in allusion to its

many

foot-like

and thence extended fresh water Hydra.

tentacles,

the

to

growing recogni-

ther indication of the tion of the value of

a fur-

is

13

an aquarium as an

educational factor.

The extremely water

in

surface layer of

thin

contact with the air acquires

physical properties comparable to those

Potatoes Ala Daphne

of an extremely fine membrane.

Braunf oxit is a little wooded Housatonic River, Connecticut, a There the legion rich in Indian lore. Reverend Arthur Boxer Creichton maintains his summer camp, and with him recently, as guests, were Mr. and Mrs. G. Frederick Wood and Mrs. W. A. in

isle

the

They discovered that the water used for camp purposes was Poyser.

with Daphne.

to

impart flavor to the camp cookery and

/Cst to the appetite ii

flucnce of

the

loyal fish lovers strain

the

— perhaps

\^ater.

W'ith

saLid

instead

of

have double, tails.

]^arge Jap and red snails should be watched closely and removed from the

tank

Where located?

—B.

lateral lines of a fish

is

otherwise serious

may

result.

to

Aquarists are divided on the use of for aquarium plants. Sagittaria and Anacharis seem to grow just as well in sand or gravel. Under these conditions

why

not

lobster?

Fach

E.

die,

the constantly

the organ of hearing in fish J.

when they

pollution of the water

soil

is

it

is

the

Like

primeval.

forest

no attempt was made

increasing cost of high living,

Daphne

was the

it

The mayoung are plain colored, some are scaled, and a few of both will of

jority

alive

seemed

fishes,

equal the parents in coloration.

river

This luscious crustacean,

beloved of our aquarium

Goldfish fanciers who have bred the shunkunkin have found that a very few

scale

of

the

perforated by a

said that the roots serve mainly to

anchor

the plants and consume the humus, the leaves assuming a more attractive bright green color.

tube leading to a duct connected with a sac in the head, their function being the

mucus, which covers the body to lessen the friction of scales and This water, and make it impervious. secretion

of

mucilaginous

system

with nerves and

is

is

also

provided

the seat of a peculiar

sense which corresponds to the organs

From

of touch and hearing.

r reeds," by H. The

a

of a goldfish,

when

the

good condition, usually appends for some time as a long worm-like thread. Its texture and freedom from mucous and gas bubbles rather than color indiThe color will depend cates health. upon the food, few other than daphne cause black-brown excreta.

T. Wolf.

Bubble-shell Snail

astropha,

"Goldfish

The excrement fish is in

common

is

Physa

native

ponds and slow streams.

Some men's

heter-

species

of

their

up

Sunday

religion suit

in the closet

is

all

located in

of clothes, and

during the week.

hung


â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

:

;aqnatic litt

14

Tadpoles are very interesting "critters" aquarium, but have an unfortunate If you habit of stirring up the humus. would have them be clean, remove any in the

accumulation of sediment at frequent inIn general, their value in an tervals.

aquarium

the only possible treatment in illness

mated.

There

Don't look for flaws as you go through hfe, and even if you find them, be wise

and kind and somewhat

London

careful dieting.

blind,

get

up and

Received by a land syndicate

Your

Sir:

letter says if

Florida land you will start the machinery

moving

can holding a gal-

of the law

and protected by

a jacket of tin or

I'm not going to pay

to

an advantage. Daphne can

little

be placed to keep up the strength of the fishes.

of the study in natural be recognized by any one possessing even rudimentary ideas of the

"The

history

utility

Milne-Edzvards.

The eggs

of the smelt are so minute

that about 500,000 are required to

fill

a

in

my

direction. Well,

or the July, or the

it,

August, nor any of the sc start

I've quit,

rest.

your machinery of the law, and

I'll put a monkey-wrench into it that'll knock out more cogs than Mr. Blackstone could replace working nights and Sundays for the next three years.

will

science."

don't pay

I

the June installment on that 10 acres of

sters, a glass coal oil

In such a container a

Say,

when

that slick-tongued salesman

of yours sold

me

down and $10

a

those ten acres for $50

month

as long as

For aquarium heating a very satisfactory small bunsen burner can be obtained from dealers in dental supplies.

boss"

stufi^.

I

used to

sit

out on the

bungalow

among

the

palm

trees,

the

Zoo

the bereavements sufifered by

year was the death of a

crocodile from

tuberculosis.

states that this

is

kind.

Reliable

the

first

statistics

The

report

recorded of of

its

mortality

from pulmonary diseases among crocomust be difficult to obtain but it is

diles

;

highly probable that the disease

is

un-

known on the banks of the Niger and Nile. The majority of the deaths among

the

evening breeze laden with perfume of

orange blossoms,

And now

my

a friend of

orange blossoms.

mine who went

Florida on other business sends

last

I live,

he had the Indian sign on me, with his "back to the land" and "be your own

porch after supper smoking my pipe and dreaming about that Southern home, the

quart measure.

Among

to

is

go.

and look

For the transportation of the smaller tropical fishes, and particularly young-

woven wire can be used

way by which we

only one

is

can reach our desired goal, and that

for the virtues behind them.

lon,

is

Chronicle.

over-esti-

greatly

been

has

Park are either from the maladies of civilized life or from over-eating. Medicine is useless where wild animals are concerned, and the animals at Regent's

a

kodak picture of

my farm

me

that

a fellow sitting in the middle of

to

back

shows it,

in a

would be a grand place for a fishing lodge if there was a chunk of ground big enough to build a shack

boat, fishing.

It

on, sticking out of the water anywhere.

Did you think I could live in water just because I'm a sucker, or does a diving suit

go with that ten acres

mine.

?

I

didn't get


Slowly the morning had passed into then the afternoon had also

afternoon

;

The Nature Stud}? Review

evaporated; and now, as the poet said, OFFICIAl, JOURNAL,

"the shades of night were falling fast."

But still the angler went on angling. "Caught any fish, guv'nor?" asked a cheery and cheeky lad, as he paused beside the weary wielder of the rod. The latter deigned no answer. "Any luck, sir?" asked the boy persistently, as

he loitered near.

"Go away!"

snorted

AMERICAN NATURE-STUDY SOCIETY

The numbers teachers

tical

with

dealing

actual

works,

studv.

fisherman

the

DO NOT MISS ANY OF THEM

"No

ofifense,

replied the lad, as

sir,"

wanted

"I only

he sauntered on.

my

coming school year from prac-

methods and suggestions for school gardening, elementary agriculture and nature-

angrily.

as

for the

will be filled with special articles

father kept the best fish shop

the village

— down

$1.00 per year.

15c per copy.

to say

SUBSCRIBE

in

the second turning or

Add

the right from the church."

for

NOW

Canadian Postage,

Fostagre, 20c.

10c.

With Aquatic

Foreigrn

Iiife

One

Year, $1.50. Adtlress All Orders to

Gets rather cold at times in Minne-

you

apolis, but

can't cool the ardor of a

When Mr.

fish fancier.

Peri-Cook builds

The Nature Stud}? Review ITHACA, N.

North Pole, the first local organization will be an aquarium society. a city at the

Y,

Announcement! John Pigg, of St. Louis, is about to be matched against the champion pancake eater of the country, and perhaps you reason

will notice that there is a

are willing to put

all

why we

Rare Tropical Fishes Trichogaster facetus

Trichogaster lalius

our money on John.

3^'

^4

Alfaro cultratum

Breeder of Broad-tail Calico Telescopes $2.00 up

5013 Hav7tKorne

Frankford

Street,

.

35c each

.

60c each

EXTRA LARGE SPECIMENS OF Poeciliopsis peteri (new)

SAMUEL GRAFF

Popular Prices

at

grown grown

.... .

.

$2.50 pair $2.00 pair

Gambusia holbrooki (pond-grown) $2.00

pair

Aquarium Specialty Co. 1873 Washington Ave., New York City

Pnilaaelpnia FOOD FOR THOUGHT AND FOOD FOR FISH Why are some of the most successful

YOGI FISH ROBI.

1

using YOGI since it was put on Market and still using it to day. The above is food for thought if you want food for fish its YOGI. Sample 12c

Aquariums

Strongly Built, Suitable for the

'

Robert

TsCBAimR^

J.

Schaeffer

1818 Frankford Avenue,

PUO. lOc

Conservatory, College or Store

Philadelphia

all aquarium supplies. We make any aquarium to order, slate or iron-bottom. Dealers with card write Write your wants.

Also size

for

lowest

DRIED SHRIMP— Whole and Ground

and

plants.

Chameleons, Southern Fish

Used

Send

W.

C.

(Mollienisia

Etc.)

wholesale

WE HAVE little

prices

Street

Address

on globes, food

FOR SALE

wonder pump, 25 gallon tank,

gauge, and regulation valve.

for Prices

FoCKELMANN, 749 Baronne

New

Home,

breeders the

FOOD

of Artistic Designs

Price $15.00

PIONEER AQUARIUM CO. Racine, Wisconsin

Orleans, La. P]e»se

mention

AQUATIC LIFE when

writine

advertisen.


AQUARIUM STOCK CO. New

150 Chambers Street,

A

work on care and breeding of Aquarium, Greeniiouse and out-door Finely illustrated.

Practical

fish In tlie

A qtiarium

Specialists

I'onds.

Etc.

Foods, Plants, Snails,

Goldfish,

^'AQUARIA FISH"

York City

Combination Natural Fish Food, • Sample Can 10c • Sample Can 15c Imported Shrimp Fish Food, Imported Wafer Fish Food, - Lar^e Sample Box 10c Cash With Order

Special Prices on Quantity Lots

Sole Agents: for Floyd's Unexcelled Bird Food for • • Sample Bottle 25c Birds to Restore Their Song

livcryone interested in keeping fish should send for a copy of this book, price, $1.

FOR SALE— A

limited number of Red Squirrels, Chipmunks or Striped Ground Squirrels, Cotton-tail Rabbits and White Bellied Deer Mouse.

92

To

Mail Orders Promptly Attended

S. 7th Street, Minneapolis,

EDWARD

THE BRUCE FISHERIES Breeder, Importer, Wholesale

All Kinds

K.

WATER

Specialty

712 Twelfth

BRUCE, THORNBURG,

lA.

Red

X. L. Baby Fish Food

WILLIAM 1309 North 55th

&

WALP

Street, Philadelphia

Address Aquatic

Whole Shrimp,

Pulverized or

75c

lb.

BREEDER OF FANCY GOLD AND TROPICAL

Manufacturer of Fish nets

made

all

GNADT,

BROOKLYN,

Prop.

Freitag

(Not Sold

Per Pound $1.00

CANADIAN BIRD STORE 2139 W. VanBuren Street

Chicatjo.

III.

in

Broad tail ^flfsropcs CALICOS BLACKS BLUES 4324 WYALUSING AVENUE, PHILADELPHIA Breeder of

&

Son

Books for

A

It.

CKamelions, Turtles, Alligators, Etc. CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED

mention

to

Cart-

other animals Eugene Smith. 213 pages its

fishes,

plans. By 137 illustrations, cloth binding. $1.20. Add parcel postage on

two pounds

The Freshwater Aquarium

and

A

practical

work

Its Infor the aquarist.

By Eggling and Ehrenberg.

Freely

illus-

trated. 352 pages, art cloth binding. $2.00.

BOURBOKf STREET

Please

for Aquarists

guide to

and

Wild State)

NEW ORLEANS

=

The Home Aquarium and How

hab'tants.

225

lb.)

Prices Reasonable

Mollienisia latipinna; Domesticated

-

per

Special Price on Quantity Lofs

Natural Fish Food, Sample can 15c

N. Y.

aquatist0

223

E. Giratd Avenue, Fhila. Pa.

WALTER BELL

BIRD STORE

1632 Broadway Greenhouse 1630 Broadway

PRICES QUOTED

542

of finest netting, 15c.

BROADWAY

Aug. C.

Life,

Postpaid

My

Great reduction by dozen or gross.

p. F.

Peter Bisset

illustrated.

DRIED SHRIMP (Ground 75c

FISHES

kinds of aquariums

for Catalog

Contains all the practical information necessary to the selection, grouping and successful cultivation of aquatic and other plants required in the making of a water garden and its surroundings. A l)Ook that should be in the library of every fish breeder. Postage paid. Price, $2.50. pages,

200

ONCE YOU TRY, YOU ALWAYS BUY Gnadt's Perfect Fish Food, 10c a Box

Send

THE BOOK OF WATER GARDENING— By

African Snails 50c per Dozen

E.

LILIES

W., Washington, D. C.

Street, N.

Taxidermy

$5.00 per Dozen I.

of Pets

ALL KINDS OF GOLDFISHES AND AQUATIC PLANTS AND

CALICO TELESCOPE YOUNG Try

Minn.

SCHMID

S.

Emporium

Retail Dealer in

of Goldfish

Comets a ELGIN

&

TAPPAN

F. L.

Orders Amounting $2 Delivered Postpaid

Add parcel postage on two pounds. Address Aquatic Life (Book Department)

342 AQUATIC LIFE when

E. Girard writing

Avenue, Philadelphia

advertisers.


PRINCELY RECOGNITION 15 West 67th

New

Street,

::aquatfc JLtfe

York, N. Y.

June 2, 1916. Mr. T3 Brind: I have read with much interest and I am glad to have your books on "DOMESTICATED FISH" with the very

^ Dear

i\/r

vahiable information they contain, for I have been interested in Aquaria for a long time, affording as they do the observation of a corner of Nature so little known as to be mysterious and so full of fascinating beauty.

Sincerely yours, (Sd.) Prince Pierre Troubetzkoy.

NOTE!— Only copies of above

a limited number of work remain and may be

liad by sending $2.60 direct and publisher

W.

Volume One

1

BRIND,

L.

(who has now

to the author

with

for distribution

bound

in cloth

index.

Price

Address Slquatic ILitt (Book Department)

542 E. Girard Avenue

Philadelphia

MILWAUKEE TRIPOD CO. 457 Eleventh

Milwaukee, Wis.

Street

EVANS, Manager.

C.

and repairer of aquariums. kinds of aquarium fishes and Imported Japanese and Chinese gold-

Manufacturer

from Bergen-

to 449 West 206th Street, New City, where old friends and new customers will be welcomed (evenings

Dealer plants.

York

fishes.

Phone, 8418

Direct Importations of Fish, Reptiles, Plants,

in

all

St.

FRANKLIN BARRETT

«S;c

EVERYTHING COMPLETE FOR THE AQUARIUM, POND AND LAKE ^ Wyoming Avenue, & C Street, PKila., SEND FOR PRICE LISTS

ilOTION PICTURE FILMS OF FISH. ETC..

and

page

title

1st,

$2.00 postpaid.

field)

only!) By appointment: Nicholas.

BE READY

about October

W.

F. Z. S.

MOVED

m ILL

MADE AND SOLD

$10 to $100 each.

Pa.

VIOLET RAY FISH REMEDY Relieves Constipation. Fungus, Tail Rot, ConBox of six powSafe and effective.

gestion. ders

25c.

For

sale at

"Everythinji is Fish

Pet Stock Stores, or

comes

that

address

REGENIA CHEMICAL

PETS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION AND KIND Manufacturing and Maintenance of Aquariums a Specialty

All Kinds of Cat and

Net of a Naturalist"

CO., Sta. K, Philadelphia

THE TERMINAL PET SHOP Dog Foods and Medicines

to the

Don't paddle

in

water with one

the

hand and be blind with both

eyes.

In other words, "keep your eyes open" for all nature.

Hudson Terminal Building Concourse. ^EW YORK

OUR MAGAZINE

Broad -tail Telescopes

The Guide

to Nature WILL HELP YOU

Correspondence Solicited It

GEORGE WILT. 1519 N. 62d PHILADELPHIA

Street

who v\^ell

by Edward F. Bigelow, and earth, as as the waters under the earth. is

edited

fishes in

the heavens

Single copy, 10c.

TEN VARIETIES OF BEAUTIFUL AQUARIUM PLANTS for

$1.00 Postage Prepaid

Four months'

One

trial, 25c.

year, $1.00.

THE AGASSIZ ASSOCIATION ArcAdiA

J.

Henri Wagner, 1909 North

Capitol

Sound Beach

Washington, D. C. Please

mention

AQUATIC LIFE when

writing

adTertiaers.

Connecticut


YOU

IF

Harry

Are Looking for Something Extra Fine in Broad -Tail Telescopes

W.

Don't Forget Breeder

and

H.

1210

Warnock

N.

Street, Pliila.,Pa

BREEDER AND IMPORTER.

HEIMBACH

Rare and Fancy Fish

FINE FISH

Importer of

P. Peters

Plants

Snails

FISH FOR SALE AT ALL TIMES 413 North 10th Street Allentown Pa.

Aquarium Supplies

Snails and

Plants,

Kinds

of All

Times.

at All

MANUFACTURER OF Green River Fish Food lOc a Box

HERMAN RABENAU.Aquarist

Green River Bahy Fish Food

PERMANENT DISPLAY OF

I5c a Box

Aquatic Life and Terraria must be seen

A GOOD FISH FOOD most

to be appreciated

fish

Visitors

Welcome

New

good

in

Varieties received

regularly

After the test of

health.

food on the market.

Myrtle Avenue, Brooklyn. N.

Y.

keeps the

It

good color by promoting bust growth.

It

fish in

a healthy, ro-

will not sour or cloud

Ask your

the water. 1163

one of the

is

things necessary to keep

years Green River stands out as the best

Plaats and Tropical Fish a Specialty Importations of

essential

dealer or send for

todav.

it

Near Broadway.

Young

Blue, Black and Calico

Nippon Goldfish Go.

Telescopes and Japs $1.00 per

1749 Buchanan

dozen Up.

St.,

San Francisco, Cal.

Importers and Dealers

A ho

JAPANESE GOLDFISH Direct From Breeders

in

Veil-tails,

$5 per Dozen

Up

Shipping Can, 25c Extra

Japan

HARRY 1210

PETERS

P.

NORTH WARNOCK STREET PHILADELPHIA

Otto Walter 86 5u3)dam

Street

::

Brooklyn,

Near Evergreen Avenue L Breeder atni

TROPICAL AWARDED GOLD & SILVER MEDALS Panama-Pacific International Exposition

San Francisco, 1915

All

Kinds of AQU4RIA

& SUPPLIES

Price Lists Furnished to the Trade Only

Telescopes

Itiipoi ler

AND

N. T.

Station

of

GOLDFISHES

Calicos

Japs

Fan-tails

Dealer in All Varieties of Aquatic Plants

Water

Violets VI3) Specialty*

All Kinds of Fish Foods Fresh and Dried Daphnia

AQUARIA, UTENSILS

AND

SUPPLIES


Aquatic life 9 1916