Jacob C. Cassel 915 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pa Manufacttirer of
AQUARIUMS Aquarium Ornaments Floral Terra Cotta. Etc. Fish Globes
A *...».:.,.«« C!»^^:»U,r P^ specialty Lo. Aquarium
aquarium requisites. Send for Catalog.
1873 WASHINGTON AVENUE new york city
MANUFACTURERS OF AQUARIA, FOUNTAINS, TERRARIA, VIVARIA BREEDERS OF DOMESTICATED FISHES IMPORTERS OF FOREIGN FISHES AQUATIC PLANTS, SNAILS AND SUPPLIES STOCK AQUARIA Metal Frame, Enameled and Gold-Striped, Bottom Slate or Ribbed Glass. Plain. On legs $1.50 $1.25 No. 1. Il"x7"x7" Galvanized
14"x9"x9" 17"xll"xll' 20"xl3"xl3" 24"xl2"xl4'
1.50 2.25 3.00 4.75
2.00 2.75 3.75 5.50
additional for oxidizing.
on Projecting Solid Brass Slate Bottom or on Legs. No.
12"x (;"x 8" high, 2^ gal. $2.50 " " 5 3.25 14"x 8"xl0" " " 4.75 9 16"xl0"xl2" " " 14 5.75 18"xl2"xl4" additional for nickel-plating or
Steel Angle Glass, Slate jecting.
No. " "
" " "
W2. 5^. 614.
Frame, Heavy Plate Bottom, Flush or Pro-
24"xl4"xl4". 30"xl6"x]6". 36"xl8"xl8", 42"x20"x20", 48"x22"x22", 54"x24"x24", 60"x26"x26",
All our aquaria are so constructed that water cannot come into contact with the metal.
on tne Genera IMotropis and Fundulus rJotes
In commenting on the genus Notropis in
River at Washington)
am not quite
Jordan and Evermann teh us that "As contains Notropis here understood,
positive of this,
about lOO species of small Cyprinoids,
photograph from life of an' average-sized specimen, and a reproduction of my photograph is here given in Figure i. Notropis hudsonius is a species known
them confined to the streams of North America east of the Rocky Mountains. They are in some respects a degenerate
of comparatively recent
and perhaps descended from such forms as the European Alburiuis and
small size, none of
them of value
and for reasons given succeeded in making a
vernacular as the "Spawn-eater,"
and the names are also applied to N. h. ainarus. Washington fishermen use large numbers of them "Shiner."
for man, but of great importance as food
during the black bass season, fishing
for the larger predatory fishes, particu-
This sub-species doubtless intergrades
highly variable, readily affected by sur-
with typical specimens of A^. hudsonius; while the latter always exhibits a black
larly the Centrarchidae.
w^hile the really dis-
tinctive characters are few. fication of species in the case of
young specimens often im-
species of Notropis given by these au-
thors must be used with caution, as the individual
absent in N.
contended that the last-named distinct
caudal spot, and this
are extremely active and nervous
and upon these accounts they
There is a large literature upon them, as any one will appreciate who
are very difficult to photograph
undertakes to study our "Shiners," the
given to the species of the
ing and in the best possible condition.
has not been done very often. have not seen a photograph of
There may be as many as 125 or 130 species and sub-species of
this fish published heretofore
the genus Notropis in our fish fauna, but
in my photograph is entirely absent. This group stands in need of much further study and investigation.
have examined very few of
Last summer I obtained from the Potomac River, near Washington, about thirty living specimens of a sub-species of Notropis. which seemed to agree with A'^. hudsonius ainanis of Girard (Proc.
be observed that the "caudal spot"
attempts to keep this species of
shiner in a small aquarium
though I took considerable pains with them; they became too nervous and excited to eat any sort of food, and soon
(Notropis nudsonius amarus)
Male: Natural Size
PKotograpKs from Life b^ the Author
^aquatic JLite This does not apply to the "KilH-
for any of these soon water species adapt themseh'es to aquarium hfe and conditions. This constitutes another very the large genus of wide distribution ;
genus Fundulus. Jordan and Evermann have said of
they are certainly closely
approach each other
have taken a number of
at various times in
have two specimens of Fundulus diaphauus living in one of my aquariums. They were taken by me in a small branch of the Potomac River,, near Washington, where the species is very abundant. This species I have successfully photographed a number of times, and one of my best results is here reproduced in Figure 2. It is a male of writing
Banded minnow, or
subspecies of this form has
*The few European species referred Fundulus Xenisma. are
sub-genus The Asiatic and African forms to or belong to the group Zyt^oallied
In some of them the anal fin is larger than in the American species.
freely in river channels
— from the
in Lake Menona, near Madison, Wisconsin. Its range is from Ohio westward to the Mississippi Ri\er, and to a limited extent perhaps a few hundred miles south of
and still others are "top minnows," bays surface swimmers, feeding on floating insects in swamps and streams" (p. 633). These authors united Fundulus with the genus Zygonectes ; and while the extremes of the two genera are very different in form and general appearance, others
American,* inhabiting fresh waters and arms of the sea. They are the largest in size of the Cyprinodonts, and some of them are very brightly colored. They are oviparous and feed chiefly on animals. Some of them are bottom fishes, burying themselves
"Fishes of North
coloration and markings of
than the males of the
was very abundant
was a boy, salt-water
the marshes at the
F. hctcroclitus, which,
Stamford, Connecticut. They also swarmed in the bay at certain Street, in
Two or three subspecies of F. hctcroclitus have been destates of the tide.
It is true that there are no mermaids in the sea, but the species of life that do exist there are in many ways equally as
which has attracted the attention of scientists from earliest times on account of its shrewd haljit of defending itself by inflation. in the
form of a larger it
instantly distends itself with
becomes almost spherical no ordinary fish could Director C. H. Townsend, York Aquarium, placed a
in shape, so that
swallow of the
few good-sized scup, or porgies, in a which contained a dozen young puffers, about two inches in length, which the hungry scup attacked at once. Instantly the baby puff'ers inflated themselves and became almost globular in form, so that the larger fish were unable to do more than knock them about like tank
toy balloons, too large to be swallowed,
and on which they could get no hold, no matter how hard they tried.- Popular Science Monthlv.
MTie Respiration of FisKes G. WOOD REV. J.
In the higher heings, the oxygen which is
contained in the atmosphere
with the blood in a very beau-
manner, and in the act of breathing a very difficult problem is solved. How is it possible to allow the atmosphere to come in contact with the blood without permitting it to escape from the vessels through which it flows? This difficulty is surmounted in a very simple manner. A portion of the circutiful
so contrived that the
blood to pass singly.
vessels are extremely thin
walls of the
allows the passage of air while the blood.
In the larger vessels, such a
structure would be impossible, on account
of the pressure to which the walls are
subjected by the volume of blood that
rushes through them but in those parts which are exposed to the air, the currents are so minute that they exercise comparatively little force, and are easily ;
so small, indeed, that there
contained within their delicate walls. It is, of course, an important point
only just room for the globules of the
that a very large surface should be ex-
vessels are diminished to the minutest
possible size is
Photo b^ Geo. H. Seip
posed to 'he
to find a better
example than the
sight they look like a
series of conlb-like organs, scarlet with
the blood that
seen through their deli-
that in the procedure the delicate organs are "burned" by the raw air. On the
contrary, the fishes are merely gurgling the air and water in the mouth, thus
charging the water with oxygen
the air regurgitated (passed out through the mouth), while the charged water passes
back over the
cate coverings; but
they are closely
will be found to possess most beautiful form, exposing a very large surface, and at the same time occu-
normal way. endeavoring water in the same in the
In other words, the
space. Each tooth of composed of innumerable plates of membrane, traversed by the blood vessels, and admitting the air on both sides. In fact the gills remind the
observer of the leaves of a slightly closed
fined to the beginner.
book, in which a very large amount of
aquarist realizes that the welfare of his
pying a very the
compressed into a very
have been particular
these gills because they demonstrate the real action of respiration better
Moreover, they can easily be obtained, and an ordinary magnifying glass is sufficient to exhibit their wonderful mechanism. The manner in which a fish breathes is simple enough. It opens its mouth and admits a certain quantity of water, just as we admit air into our lungs. It then structure that can be found.
drives the water out
the aquarist dips a cup-
from a tank and pours same purpose. ful
back for the almost con-
fishes is as dependent upon ample watervolume per fish as it is upon the proper foods. Rather than try to keep as many fish as possible
deavors to give each
given tank, he en-
as his equipment permits.
should never be so thickly populated that a rise of temperature will cause discomfort due to the rapid diflrusion of oxygen into
more oxygen when
temperature of i6 degrees in
a tank will result in a loss of half of the
it was able to retain at the lower Thus the capacity of an aquarium should be based upon the highest tem-
wash over the gills in its passage. The oxygen contained in the water thus comes in contact with the blood, and so the fish man-
and rapid fluctuations may be ex-
ages to breathe.
at the gill-covers, causing
perature to which
among \Vhen the fishes in the aquarium remain persistently at the surface, "sucking air" in
cation of a lack of Avhich
fishes than the plant life
of the tank can support.
approaches this condition, we are told by aquarists more enthusiastic than accurate, that the fishes
are taking the air and
apt to be sub-
means too few rather
in the water,
be due to pollution or over-
the vessel be small.
The American Federation of Goldfish Fanciers has merged with the Brooklyn Aquarium Society, the members having been elected to the latter organization in a body.
ture his bait.
Anolis Carolinensis ERNEST LEITHOLF
leon, Anolis carolinensis.
moss-bottomed terrarium, in which some shrubs had taken root. A miniature pool was arranged to supply the needed moisture and Anolis seemed
short time later, while
examination of the case, ered an egg.
idea as to
Having not it
might be regarded by
the adults, and particularly while in con-
to a small jar,
on top of some moss. Time we about gave up hope of Finally, seven weeks hatch.
while removing the cover to show
the egg to Dr. Cruickshank, president of the Pittsburgh
the jar leaped a lively
Society, out of
about an inch and a half long. To recapture it as it scampered about the con-
were servatory was quite a task. considerably elated, because, but a few days before,
hatched in den, which
we had read that an egg had the London Zoological Gar-
to be the first
time the species had been propagated
Then followed several weeks during which the baby was kept isolated, as we it
might be attacked
the terrarium with the old ones.
was permitted to join them. It entered timid and scared, the old ones looking upon it with apparent indifference. After a few days the mother became interested, and was obever, one
served to take a position near the baby, as
interest in the welfare of
her offspring. (Anolis carolinensis
Louisiana, and probably
seen great numbers in the old cemeteries
and from the During the warmer months of
It is quite docile
tame, and will soon take
shops, and a
often sold in northern pet
the unfortunate species that
few years back was sold by fakers on
the streets, a ring about
ed to a chain and pin. and designed to
ornament milady's person. As applied name chameleon is a misnomer, as it bears no direct relationto this species the
ship to the true chameleons. Incidentally,
changes have no connection
with the color of the object on which the individual
be seen on a brown fence
or on a white marble tombstone, as
do not now
ers temperature to be the controlling fac-
formation relative to the breeding habits of the species, but
and twisted in seeming appreciation It was truly a delightful "family reunion." I have been unable to secure any in!
three specimens of the so-called chame-
defend and protect
son, greatly excited, called
There was baby atop a small evergreen, the mother caressing and licking its body, while its tail wagged
the green phase being induced by low and brown by a high temperature. Be this as it may, the green stage has been observed on the warmest days, when the thermometer registered beyond the hundred mark. Editor. tor,
Though futile now seems the wishing, though hard the chill wind blows, soon once more we'll all be fishing out where the wild weed grows.
scattered about promiscuously in a like manner. The eggs were pearly white, remarkably adhesive, and stuck tenaciously to the glass; none seemed to become attached to the plants. I counted
The 112 on the front glass alone. aquarium was maintained at an average temperature of 70 degrees Fahrenheit, and in five days the eggs hatched; the fry dropped to the bottom and were lost Where to view in the featherv humus.
known to aquarists. Those from South America have probably attracted the most attention because thus far they have been most readily obtained. Africa, are
habits vary with the spe-
The breeding cies
relationship in fishes does not neces-
sarily indicate a similarity in the
ods employed to protect eggs and young. With one exception the labyrinth fi?hes
foamy nests of bubbles at the surwhich the eggs incubate; Betta
mouth-breeder after the Haplochromis stringigena.
belongs to the family
usually deposit the eggs on a rock or
other object to which they adhere while
The European papers
Corydoras paleatus substantially as does Mr. Dungan, but state that the eggs adhere to the plants, giving the number as about one hundred. When the editor saw Mr. Dungan's youngsters, of
about six weeks after hatching, the rings he describes as remaining on the glass after eggs hatch
doros paleatus was formerly called CalIvchthvs
a nomenclatorial curiosity inasmuch as the
female with their mouths, whereat she a chewing or sucking motion. This
tasting or licking, as
like to call
always took place on the back in front of the dorsal fins, and on the head, rarely on the sides. During the whole of the it,
spawning the males were of a bright yelThe fins were dotted. The mottling had entirely disappeared. Imlowish color.
mediately the female begin to
have not contrived a it in another genus, bearing the name given by Linneaus systematists
a cjuick motion she seized the male on the side and fastened herself with strong
sucking onto the male in the neighborhood of the ventral fins near the anus, where there is the opening for the flow of the sperm. With a trembling movement they remained for a while ten to
twenty seconds the male lying somewhat on the side, turning the belly
towards the female.
During the fore-
going three to four eggs have fallen into a pocket, which the female has formed by laying together the ventral fin. * * * After
followed a short condition
of weakness, especially for the female,
who, during a renewed teasing by the remained quiet. After she had revi\'ed, she swam around among the
Ludwigia, which she touched on the under side with a spitting motion of the mouth, whereby a pasty substance was
exuded and fastened
to the leaf.
valid excuse to place
with an agility that so plump a land ani-
mal would not have trusted herself to she turned on her back and Cjuickly pressed the eggs on the leaf, where she stuck them so tightly that I have never noticed any fall to tlie ground. * * * "Wdien fertilization takes place I could
foamy eggs and young are
said to build a
accorded care by the male.
"Spawning and Development of Panzernot stated, by Wittig appeared in a German periodical, and from which the following wels,"
excerpts (translation by Ellen K. Innes) are taken
"Towards midnight driving.
noticed a furious
Both the males touched the
not definitely say.
formed by the ventral fin) or when the eggs are fastened on the leaves. The latter is more probable. The opinion that the sperm is admitted into the fin-pocket is, on account of the in
of the fish,
the other hand,
that through the sucking operation of the female the thread of sperm was drawn through the gills and thrown back
on the ventral were fertilized.
and here the eggs
fact of the tightly-closed edges of the There is little probability fin-pocket.
that the sucking alone
a stimulation for
circulation of the blood begins tail is
ing this interval the egg sheath cracks
more and mor^, and through motion the ficially
observed, the animal at this time
resembles a tadpole.
By and by
begin to appear and the
the old ones. * * *"
organ and placed where they would have the least chance of being ferSo the theory only remains that tilized. the female sucks out the sperm and spits
the development of the
ing study of which one never tires.
the ejection of the sperm, for at that time the eggs are farthest away from the
and as the
a most interest-
(Mr. Brannschneig's observations of course,
against the leaf, where the eggs are and here fertilization takes
embryo were, of compound micro-
place. * * *
In these progressive times
"By 2.45 A. M. the spawning was over. The female looked around for food, and at the
same time the mottling appeared
trary, retained his longer time. * * *
male, on the con-
fawn coloring for
fastened to the leaves by means of a So tightly were they
any part of an egg the upper part of the leaf
was torn oflf, came away with 2
twenty-fifths of an inch) in
diameter, and first
clearer in about five days,
This tail is has a well-developed tail. three times as long as the egg and projects out
from the egg
In the egg
body with the yolk-sack. The eyes are also formed and appear like dark spots. Soon the on,e
reactionaries in question are of Japlittle
identical to a de-
gree with that of their equable and more
Hereupon rests their modern and enlightened
ately large heart beating at intervals of
the fact continues at
demand an element
form of a ring and if one
observes more carefully, the proportion-
anese origin and so
deep inside of the
124 East Nineteenth street, under the very eaves of the electrical sanctuary.
lying around the light spot,
whole community op-
It is more uncommunity within the well-cultivated province of The New York Edison Company. Sad and true as
In about three days
egg, the fish
usual to find such a
eggs to be noticed. distinctly,
"As already mentioned,
fastened there that
Chanler, took up the principles
of Japanese design, the Cjuestion of
and idea-promoters at once presented itself. Leaf and bird forms, alive and flourishing, were soon imported and housed in a cozy garden at the rear of There were still wanting the hallway. the sinuous fisb forms that glide in and out of most well-regulated Nipponese conceptions.
sees a longish
nymphs, fantails, and were introduced
disport at will
<aquattc JLitt in a very special tank as big as a packing case. Then came cold weather, with cold water, and a melan-
of goldfish found themfrom home with the mercury
selves far falling.
It was then that Mr. Chanler sought out the good offices of the Edison man. This ingenious functionary, though on better terms with calories than with fantails, bethought himself of combining: the .
ungratefully conservative. Not only do these electrically preserved fish huddle in corners when the lights are on, but at intervals they come gasping to the surface as if unconscious of the fact that electricity uses up less oxygen than light in any other form. Happily, the parrots, the pheasants, the yellow Amazon bolbas, the finches, with their companions of many names and voices and colors, are more aditself
Mr. Chanler's Electrically Heated Aquairum
with the result that an ordinary Simplex water heater was attached to the pipe immediately beneath the tank. Whatever the winter-bound inmates
thought does not matter. What they did in recognition of this abrupt return of vernal conditions
the delight of
the Japanese in attendance. However, at the time of the innovation, current was further solicited. in the
form of co\er.
inserted under the
connection that the
Indeed, they seem never
of an evening or
the garden is alight lamps shining through the roof and the green glass making up the side walls. At this the fish proceed to hide themselves among the shaded plants at the back of the tank. But then too much ought not to be expected. Reprinted by permission, with courtesy of use of illustration, from The Bdisoii Mouihlx. a
a host of
perhaps, will cause them to "break rank"
Itnt^^fit 9f ift >**^llt/^UlUalllA
monthly magazine devoted care and breedmg of native,
to the study tropical, gold
and fancy fishes, other animals and plants in the household aquarium.
Entered as second-class matter, September 1915, at the Post Office, Philadelphia, Pa., under Act of March 3, 1879. 2,
nr. $1.00 d.-,
cYearly Subscription Foreign Subscriptions
Single Copy 10 cents Payments may be made by express money order, draft, post office order or registered
The Back a
and nowadays the books
referred to as
1866 Professor Cope described
Notropis chalybacits. So be accorded
interested in the habits of a
lowland streams and swamps from Pennsylvania to Georgia, and will usually be
school have the peculiar habit of heading direction,
At the last annual exhibition of The Aquarium Society, New York, Mr. Otto Gneiding was awarded six first, five second and four third-prize ribbons on goldbreeds, his entry including ribbon-
arranging to appropriately celebrate its twenty-fifth anniversary during City,
and while a pass-
of an alien species, an
n^miber of fishes and experimented with
greatly relished by
Mr. L. whose
was apparently thriving company with goldfish and blackwhich
coloration and actions.
The iron-colored or steel-colored minnow is an attractive little fellow in both
During the breeding season, springtime, ^j^^ abdomen of the male becomes bright
indicated by anatomical details
animals the position of a
us that the
by the ichthyologists, inasmuch as species
will accept the position
snout to the base of the
running from the
lustrous black band
l^anded sunfish, will
pale yellow below
Copyright 1917 by Joseph E. Bausman
regarding the breeding habits.
a dozen or so are kept in
together and keep aloof.
this field of
America devoted exclusively to aquatic Ute, and its value as an advertising medium in
^ tank with other species, as they herd . „,
made known on application. is the only magazine .„
Foreign remittances should be by
an aquarium the ^ habit IS noticeable though they be perplexed by the presence of other fishes,
* T^^AroT-T^ cj-t Editor POYSER W. A. T^^r^r... T- r.»TTo»*«xT D ui- u Publisher JOSEPH E. BAUSMAN ^. ^,^ TJ » r.L-1 J u542 E. Girard Avenue, Philadelphia ______^^^____-_—___—-^^
kinds of foods. cut
would never touch
Rainbow Darters or
was some of
(BtJicostoina cocrulemn) for almost a year on this food, and this species is very difficult to keep in an aquarium for any considerable length of time. G P. von .
The Unity Hatchery The average
people the ponds.
breeder of goldfish or
the tropical species aptly terms his estab-
lishment a "hatchery," inasmuch as there seems to be no diminutive of the name. These little laboratories of aquatic biology, measureable in square feet, form quite a contrast to the vast commercial hatcheries specializing in food and game fishes.
the Unity Hatchery,
proportion to this great exp. .nse. Last spring between sixty and seventy million yellow perch and two hundred Cjuite in
and fifty to three hundred thousand small-mouth black bass were hatched. More than thirteen million fishes and eggs have been shipped away during a single month. Bass and perch are not by any means more the only fishes of Unity waters than twenty-two species are known to ;
From them came
smaller kinds, those
Ftindnliis diaphaiius (killifish), RhinichtJiys
(black-nosed dace), R. (long-nosed dace), Nofropia
(shiner), Ahranns crysolcucas (roach), and Bxoglossum maxillingua. These little fishes are used primarily as food for game fishes placed in waters cornutiis
Vistaâ€” Unity Hatchery
enterprise covers a water area of nearly
lacking such forage. At Unity sunfishes and eels are persona non grata, it being the opinion that they enter into hard competition with the more valuable fishes and destroy more than they are worth. Mr. Ernest Clive Brown, manager of the Unity Hatchery, is not only interested in food and game fishes, but in
"aquarium fishes," too. Incidentally he is an enthusiastic admirer of Aquatic Life, and declares that it should be brought to the attention of all persons interested in aquaria.
Philadelphia Goldfish Fanciers regular meeting of the PhiladelFanciers' Society was held Goldfish phia in Saull's Hall, 802 West Girard avenue,
Wednesday evening, January 17th. The regular competition for the meeting v^^as among single-tailed goldfishes.
scopes; blue ribbon, Gustav Armbruster red ribbon, Joseph E. Tyler; yellow ribScaleless Singlebon, Charles Hinkle. Mrs. Elizabeth blue, tailed Telescopes; Ahlers; red, Francis X. Garcia; yellow, Scaled Nymphs, blue Charles Hinkle. Scaleless ribbon, William J. Christy. Nymphs, blue, Mrs. Elizabeth Ahlers: reel,
Charles Hinkle; yellow, William
competition was held for the silver cup presented by Mr. Charles E. Visel for the best calico broadtail telescope the winning fish was entered and bred by Joseph E. Bausman. The judges in both competitions were Messrs. Thomas Ayling, R. L. Harding special
Copeland, F. G. Jones, William Leeds. H. L. F. Naber and F. A. Packard. Tropical fishes were shown by Walter H. Chute on an electrically illu-
was crowded on all and the members kept busy explain-
ing the principles of the self-sustaining acjuarium and the points of interest of the various fishes. As a result of the exhibition
new members, making
a total of forty-
four to date.
Inasmuch as the show
the January meeting of the society, the meeting was held on the 19th, one week later than usual. hall of the
of Natural History
has been secured for future meetings, which will be held on the second Friday of each month. Walter H. Chute, Secretary.
A dip-tub for the removal of humus or sediment from the bottom of the aquarium is an essential tool to the fish fancier.
and James Fleming.
consist of a straight glass
Messrs. Sidney Skillman, Charles H. English, Charles C. Hampel, Robert F. Sheppard and Wil-
The proposed amendment
to the by-
laws changing the method of judging fish from the point system to that of
comparison was defeated. The next regular meeting will be held on Wednesday evening, February 21st.
The competition telescopes
will be for ribbon-tailed
be awarded in each ardson, Secretary.
Three ribbons will Fred Rich-
The first public exhibition of the Bosthe ton Aciuarium Society was held Mechanics' Building, January 9th to 13th inclusive, in conjunction with the Bos-
ton Poultry and Pet Stock Show.
goldfish predominated in the thirty tanks sizes, and some very good and veiltail black and calico telescopes and other breeds were shown by F. S. Blodgett, Dr. A. B. Coftin,
tube or be a
compound "mud-lever," such
Both are used in the same manner. Held between the thumb and second finger, the index finger over as
the upper end, the lower opening is placed close to the bottom of the aquarium over the matter to be removed, then l)y removing the index finger the sediment is carried into the reservoir by the ui)ward rush of the water. The reserxo'w is emptied by inverting the tube into a convenient receptable, and the procedure repeated until all the humus has been
handling net are absolutely essential accessories for the care of the aquarium.
If you don't know the nionev, go and borrow some.
The ^s^ature Stud}? Review OFFICIAL. JOURNAL AMERICAN NATURE-STUDY
SOCIETY The Home Aquarium and
It. A guide to its fishes, other animals and plants. By Eugene Smith. 213
illustrations, binding, cloth parcel postage on two pounds.
for the coming school year with special articles from practeachers dealing with actual works,
will be filled tical
methods and suggestions for school gardening, elementary agriculture and naturestudv. Goldfish and Its Culture. Practical instructions for pond breeding, shipping, care of the aquarium, and the general subject. By Hugo Mullertt. 155 pages, 15 illustrations, cloth binding. Add parcel postage $2.00.
ANY OF THEM
$1.00 per year.
15c per copy.
on two pounds.
SUBSCRIBE Fish Culture in Ponds and Inland Waters. most recent book, covering the propagation of goldfish, food and game fishes, and aquarium management. By William E. Meehan, Director of tbe Fairmount Park Public Aquarium, Philadelphia, and former Pennsylvania State Fish Commissioner. 287 pages, 22 illustrations, cloth binding. $1.00. Add parcel postage on one pound. Tlie
Address All Orders to
The N ature Study Review
guide to the JapanBy Dr. Hugh M.
Need ham and Waters. hook containing 438 pages
Smith, U. S. Commissioner of Fisheries. 10 full-page colored plates, numerous text cuts, 112 pages, cloth binding. $2.00. Add parcel postage on two pounds.
With Aquatic Life One
New& Direct Importation of
and 244 splendid
illustrations. It presents a survey of the whole realm of freshwater aquatic life. The only American publication on the subject, and one that will materially assist the aquarist in solving the many problems encountered. $3.00. Add parcel postage on three pounds.
Tropical Fish From South America
.<\.quarium and Its Inhabipractical work for the aquarist.
By Eggling and Ehrenberg. trated,
pages, art cloth binding.
A d dress
parcel postage on two pounds.
GENERAL SCIENTIFIC COMPANY Corner 10th Avenue and 206th Street
5i2 East Girard A^Jenue, PKiladelpKia
Get your names on our special announcement.
AQUARIUM STOCK CO. 150 Chambers Street
aquarium ornament de luxe and
25c. per lb.
postage to your
Combination Natural Fish Food
Sample Can 10c
Japanese Dojos. Scavengers for your aquarium. The weather fish. Eats like a cow; looks like a walrus. Will not
Imported Shrimp Fish Food
Sample Can 15c
Imported Wafer Fish Food
Large Sample Box 10c
GOLDFISH, FOODS, PLANTS, SNAILS, ETC.
goldfish. Safe arrival guaranteed. Small, 50c. each; large, 75c. Add 10c. for shipping can.
Cash With Order
Special Prices on Qyantify Lots
Catalogue Sent Upon Request
Orders Amounting $2 Delivered Postpaid Mail Orders Promptly Attended
ALL KINDS OF GOLDFISHES AND AQUATIC PLANTS AND
W., Washington, D. C.
laquatiC Hitt Life''
Is a Section of "The Pet Stock World" It's Slogan "FOR MORE PUBLICITY TO THE AQUARIUM WORLD'S INHABITANTS" Months 10c
6 Months 25c
Prevent Man}? Fisn Diseases
replace natural salts in waters
world. postage prepaid.
AQUATIC LIFE, 542
vJili hold tvOenty-four numbers of Description ana price will be gi%'en in
Breeders at Reasonable Prices
845 East Ontario Street
Negotiations Pending for
Some Nice Tfoung ana
IN BOX, 25
Regenia Cnemical Co., Sta. K, Pniiaaelpnia
Triomas A3)ling FINE BROAD-TAIL TELESCOPES
AQUATIC LIFE 542
E. Girard Avenue, Philadelphia
(Ground 75c per Pound)
Natural Fish Food
Sample can 15c
Per Pound $1.00
CANADIAN BIRD STORE
BREEDER OF FANCY GOLD AND TROPICAL FISHES
kinds of aquariums
Fish nets made of finest netting, 15c. Great reduction by dozen or gross.
Schaeffer Sample lOc
^'AQUARIA FISH" A
work on care and breeding of Aquarium, ftreenlionse and outFinely illustrated. Every one
interested in lteei)ing tisli should send for a copy of tills book. Price. ?1. Four-Horned Snails (Ampullaria Gigas) deposit a mass of large coral red eggs out of tlie water, the little snails drop into the prater as they hatch. These snails are invaUialile for destroying Hydra in the aquarium.
Greenhouse, 1630 Broadway
1818 Frankford Ave., Phila.
ONCE YOU TRY, YOU ALWAYS BUY Gnadt's Perfect Fish Food, 10c box Pulverized or Whole Shrimp, 75c. lb.
Robert 2139 W. Van Buren Street
an unhealthy aquarium is poisoning them, to give unnourishing food You see you have two is starving them. chances of killing your fish instead of one. If you manage your aquarium, I II tend to the food— then you take no chances.
Special Price on Quantity Lots
USE REGENIA AQUARIUM SALTS
THE AQUARIUM WORLD
conceded the best magazine in the The volume costs two dollars,
Pet Stock World, 652 N. Chester, Baltimore,
7th Street, Minneapolis, Minn.
WALTER BELL Breeder of IBtoati-tail
4324 WYALUSING AVENUE, PHILADELPHIA
^'^^ Prices Reasonable
"K. C. B." would say) for the hearty response to my "Cut-Price Fish" ad. in a recent issue of "Aquatic (as
Few Choice Young Fish Left ranging from 1.5c. apiece to 50c. while they last! Send me a list of what 3^ou have and see what I can
THE TERMINAL PET SHOP
do for you.
PETS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION AND KIND Manufacturing and Maintenance of Aquariums a Specialty Kinds of Cat and Dog Foods and Medicines
HUDSON TERMINAL BUILDING Concourse,
for $1.00 Postage
NOW FOR SOMETHING
A REAL FISH FOOD
indigestible matter which poisons your fish and fouls your aquarium, causing gill fever, dropsy, constipation and endless troubles but truly a "Food for all Aquarium Fish has just seen the light of day, as the out-
TEN VARIETIES OF BEAUTIFUL AQUARIUM PLANTS J.
search and experience.
Henri Wagner, 1909 North Washington, D. C.
twenty years' practical
"BEST- YET" FISH FOOD
(Reg'd Trade Mark) made by Brind from Imported Ingredients. No nasty meat of warm-blooded animals, nothing but nutrition.
VIOLET RAY FISH REMEDY Relieves Constipation, Fnngns, Tail Rot, Congestion. Safe and 'effective. Box of six powders 25c. For sale at Pet Stock Stoi'es,
Sample box postAt the same time, send .$2.60 for my Book on Care and Culture of Tropical Fish and Goldfish. Everybody needs it! paid,
F. Z. S.,
449 W. 206th
St., New York Nicholas 8418.
CO., Sta. K, Philadelphia
Broad -tail Telescopes "Everythinii is Fish that comes to the Net of a Naturalist" Don't
hand and be blind with both
GEORGE WILT. 1519 N. 62d PHILADELPHIA
THE BRUCE FISHERIES
other words, "keep your eyes open" fo; all
Breeder, Importer, Wholesale
Comets a ELGIN
to Nature WILL HELP YOU
Wyoming Avenue, & C Street, PKila., SEND FOR PRICE LISTS
THE AGASSIZ ASSOCIATION ArcAdiA Sound Beach
EVERYTHING COMPLETE FOR THE AQUARIUM, POND AND LAKE Jt
fishes in the
Single copy, 10c.
Retail Dealer in
heavens and earth, as well as the waters under the earth.
Kinds of Goldfish
of Successful Breeding of Tropical
Fishes and Portion, 50c (cash or
Live Fish Food.
order) with Instructions
JENNE West New
HALLER'S ©attf QiountainlBitD ^tore Wholesale and Retail Importer and Dealer
Genuine Hartz Mountain
Medicine, Poultry Supplies German Bird Seeds Always on Hand
1108 VINE STREET CINCINNATI, OHIO
HERMAN RABENAU. Aquarist PERMANENT DISPLAY OF Aquatic Life and Terraria
every variety, of
Nippon Goldfish Go, 1749 Buchanan Street, San Francisco, :
JAPANESE GOLDFISH Direct From Breeders
Green River Fish Food
lOc a Box
Green River Baby Fish Food
A GOOD FISH FOOD
one of the
necessary to keep fish in good health. After the test of years Green River stands out It as the best food on the market. keeps the fish in good color by promoting a healthy, robust growth. It will not sour ot cloud the water. Ask your dealer or send for it today.
y 8 n
Myrtle Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.
to be appreciated
Plants and Tropical Fish a Specialty Importations of
y 8 n
BREEDER AND IMPORTER Rare and Fancy Fish
Gold Fish, Globes, Pigeons, Pet Dogs, Dog
must be seen
CANARIES Full Line of Best Imported
y \\ fi
^ Yound Veil-tail Goldfish ^ $ 5.00 per Dozen and Up I A Splendid Assortment of Breeders $1.75 Each and Upwards A
^ ^ 4
SHIPPING CAN, 25c EXTRA 4 h I HARRY P. PETERS, 1210 N. Warnock Philadelphia
^ I | f
Otto Walter 86 5u]?clam
Near Evergreen Avenue L
Breeder and Importer of
TROPICAL AWARDED GOLD & SILVER MEDALS
Panama-Pacific International Exposition
San Francisco, 1915
Dealer in All Varieties of Aquatic Plants
All Kinds of FisK Foods
ALL KINDS OF AQUARIA AND SUPPLIES Price Lists Furnished to the Trade Only
FresK and Dried Daphnia