FRANKLIN BARRETT 4815
Street Olney, Philadelphia, Pa.
Largest Greenhouses in the World Devoted to the Breeding of Fancy, Chinese and Japanese Goldlish and
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
ANACHARIS SAGITTARIA LUDWIGIA VALLISNERIA
COMET FANTAIL FRINGETAIL TELESCOPES
HORNWORT POTAMOGETON SNOW FLAKE WATER POPPY WATER HYACINTH
CELESTIALS LION'S HEADS SHUBUNKINS
PARADISE GOLDEN-ORFES GOLDEN-TENCH GAMBUSIA-AFFINIS STICKLE-BACKS
WATER FERN LACE LEAF
WATER LETTUCE UMBRELLA PALMS CYPERUS PAPYRUS CYPERUS ALTERNIFOLIUS
VARIEGATED BOSTON FERNS
Drawing by H. T.
Submerged and Semi-Submerged Plants FOR PONDS ON ESTATES
Manufacturer of the Celebrated Rustless corner pieces.
and brass nickel
"SUPERIOR" AQUARIUMS Made
the purest of materials.
aquarium pure and sweet and does not injure the plants
galvanized sheet iron, wrought iron
"AMERJAP" FISH FOOD
Manufacturer of the Celebrated Made from
good condition, keeps your Eaten by the fish with aviditv.
rough, sharp edges to injure and
carry the finest line of aquarium ornaments in the country. fish,
but every ornament glazed with a smooth and beautiful finish, and
creating an artistic effect in the aquarium.
Globes, Nets, Pebbles, Sand, Foods, Etc. Everything Pertaining to the Aquarium and Pond Send
for Price Lists
^. History of Goldfish W. SHUFELDT. M.
would seem to be a matter beyond
Washington, D. C.
question, at the present time, that the
or simple form of goldfish
original habitat in certain parts of
establish the fact that
appear to of these,
probably about the year 1500, were imported into Japan and received at a small town not far from Osaka. This importation was followed by numerous others, not only from China, but from
In both of these coun-
had long been under cultivation, the history of which dates back to and beyond recorded history. tries goldfish
Fancy goldfish were even cultivated Japan many years prior to 1700, and some of those very early establishments in
work commenced by the ancestors
present proprietors or others associated
with the enterprise since. The goldfish farms of Japan stand among her most important industries, and several very extensive ones have grown up in the United States, for the culture and sale of these fish
have given a good illustration of the Common Carp of Europe in order to show its resemblance to the wild goldfish, a figure of which is given below it. Many have gained the idea that the goldfish is a sort of modified carp, or in other words that it may be traced back to the common carp from which it was bred at an early date in China. There is no truth in this tradition and nothing in history to substantiate ticularly
Wakin, will, in a few generations, revert to the form of the wild fish if it happens to escape into open waters. This has already occurred at Washington, D. C, where, several years ago, the goldfish
Government carp-ponds during a flood and escaped into the Pogot out of the
tomac River. They flourished in their new environment, and are now taken in numbers by the local fishermen, who, unfamiliar with their origin, sell them in the city markets as "sand perch." They have
their gold color,
they are far from being a "perch."
a very profitable business.
Although not belonging genus, the
in the is
the carp of Europe, the scientific
for the first being Carassius auratus
the second Cyprinus car pi o.
carp, with the varieties artificibred from it, are all very interesting fishes with a history, but space will not
Carp of Europe (Cyfrinus carpio).
the author from an old English woodcut
they have been seized upon and, through careful, selective breeding, emphasized in the descendants; so we now have im.
mense triple tails, carunculated heads, and other monstrosities. In my opinion these are more extraordinary in appearance than in any way beautiful. Many of the varieties have their eyes bulging out of their heads;
The Wild Goldfish (Carassius aitratus). Goode (Drawn by H. L. Todd
the author after
some have no dorsal fins; others are so deformed as to be hardly able to swim and can only wiggle through the water.
To me, There is no question but what goldfish have a strong tendency towards albinism; and perhaps many of the forms, from which the cultivated varieties have been bred, were either entirely lacking completely albiin dermal pigment nistic
the latter condition has prevailed
has a whitish appearance being dark;
yellowish or reddish.
some of the darker has resulted in blotched individu-
these colors with tints als,
or even spotted ones with
the color areas of purer tints.
cases, their brilliant
variegated color-patterns, and the inter-
have with respect to varietal production through artificial selection and crossing. As a matter of fact, as the late Professor John A. Ryder once est they
pointed out in one of his works, the sevvarieties of goldfish produced by man's ingenuity in such operations "are the most profoundly modified of any known race of domesticated animal or-
been with such fish that the skillful Japanese and a few others have carried on their breeding experiments, and through inteUigent selection have produced some of the most remarkable looking fishes in the world to-day. This has required four or five centuries to
cases, while at the
new varieties have been produced with somewhat greater dispatch. Where morphological ab-
Fig. 2. An Imported Ryukin. Photographed from life by the author from a specimen at the Buieau of Fisheries, Washington, D. C.
one of the best books we have by Doctor Hugh M. Smith, the present United States Com-
present time a few
normalities are present they are to be
same way. While
breeding for color varieties it is likely that some changes in form would also occur,
to attract the attention of the breeder,
this subject is
missioner of Fisheries at Washington;
entitled "Japanese Goldfish, their Va-
rieties and Cultivation" (W. F. Roberts Company, Washington, D. C), and is a
most excellent with which
on the subject
Several of the
the jiresent contribution
A Q U A R
are from that work, the plates of which,
generations at Koriyama,
rendering photographic copying of them
Japan, the goldfish breeders have practiced making designs on the backs of
by the use
There are several varieties of goldfish bred in this country, both major and minor forms, which have been designated as "Japanese rarities;" but as a matter of fact they are entirely unknown to those people. Thus far, only teni
that is, the body, for cannot be employed in the case of the head or fins. I only mention this in that it may be condemned. In all other cases only natural methods have been
stable modifications or varieties of the
employed by the Japanese
of the empire.
have been produced
Japan, and these are
renders the parts to which practically white
attention has been called to The
Technical World Magazine for Decem-
American names upon
these which are most
bersome and unmeaning, Japanese appellations are,
adepts" graft additional
in all cases,
Ranchu (lion-head), occasionally called the Mamko; the Oranda shishigashira, a name for the Dutch lion-head; the Demekin, or the one with the protruda ranchu the Deme-ranchu that has protruding eyes; the Watonai (a new one) the Shukin or autumn brocade goldfish; the Shubunkin or the variegated vermilion goldfish, and the Kinranshi or the brocaded goldfish.
Three or four
of these are
1913, page 517, where a brief de-
very expressive. They are known as the Wakin, which is the stock variety of
Japan; the Ryukin
the "Japanese tails
tain varieties of so-called
This "art" is not mentioned Doctor Smith's work, and I believe I am safe in saying that no such operation goldfish." in
ever practiced by any goldfish breed-
Japanese or American.
the "tail" or caudal
is perhaps most responsive to the laws of selection, and some very marvelous forms of it have been produced, as
bred varieties of goldfish
be seen in Fig.
of this article.
illustrations to the present article; but
they only give us the form of the several
and we miss their magnificent These have all been minutely described by Doctor Smith in his work, and he also presents us with varieties
a "family tree" of the pedigree of six of derivations
varieties, where their have been made out with great accuracy. We have cjuite a literature upon this phase of the subject alone indeed, there are a great many papers and
Fic. 3. The ShuV)unkin or Speckled Goldfish. the author after the colored plate of S MatMihara in Dr. Hugh M. Smith's work on "Japanese C.oldlish"
A word now goldfish
as to the coloration of the in
wonderful imported Ryukin, shown Fig. 2, the parts in
THE vermilion in fish is
while the rest of the
Passing to Fig.
we have a normally
spotted on both body and
may comand vermilion,
prise in color blue, purple
as well as black and white.
great individual variation. istically, it is fins,
a purple shade which
unique and truly remarkable. In Fig.
bright red fish with short, rounded body,
and three-lobed, short
head (except lower jaw), and a complete absence of the dorsal fin. Of this variety there are some extraordinary examples, but their descriptions would carry me far beyond the legitimate limits of this red,
article; this applies, too, to
ing any descriptions of the varieties not Dr. Smith gives here figured. information in great detail.
With respect to the Kinranshi of Fig. we have another black, red and white
variety that lacks the dorsal is
the latest addition given us by the
(Upper cut) The Ranchu or Maruko (Corean Goldfish) (Middle cut) The Kinranshi or Brocaded Goldfish (Lower cut) The Deme or Pop-eye Ranchu. By the author after the colored plates of S. Matsubara in Dr Hugh M. Smith's work on "Japanese Goldfish"
breeders of Japan, and the history of its production forms an interesting chapter
in goldfish literature.
seen in the
(lower cut. Fig. 4)
what beauty can there be in a fish that possesses enormous pedunculated, protruding,
shortened body, no dorsal triple tail, so large as to
In color this variety
be out of
proportion to the rest of the
black or orange or the two colors com-
These creatures, when
hardly swim; moreover, they are of low
power and often
movements on the botpond or aquarium, where
gish in all their of either
they live out their inert existence.
the most beautiful of these is
being a large
(brilliant vermilion and white), with all the fins highly developed, the caudal one of great size and bifid. We are confronted with a big subject when we come to study goldfish culture
for profit, for
an industry that
taking on very large growth in this country at the present time.
# for the fish
a fact that
far in excess of the supply,
ing that Japan
be emphasized by statsells
million dollars of
Smith says that
stock pattern a
that they are set to allow
greater flow of gas than
a few years ago:
1,000 fish are taken from the operations of a
in order to
TO degrees of the aquarium.
idea of the actual relative values of the different varieties
necessary to maintain the proper
years old, $22.50; Ryukin, 3 years old, $100.00; Oranda shishigashira, 5 years
Ranchu, 2 years old, Ranchu, 5 years old, $2,500. Sometimes single pairs of fancy variefrom fifty ties fetch wonderful prices old,
WITH CHA/YCMS T£/>rP£I?ffnX£
THIS PORTIOPf SUB-
oe oecesfisrno OF a/)s.
to seventy-five dollars, for example.
water on it of the United States,
difficult for in-
farm with any part
(in ponds, etc.), in
available for the
The management of goldfish by no means an unimportant
The accompanying illustration The apparatus will
repay those taking the pains of installa-
once properly established
relieve the aquarist
subject, but its treatment does not prop-
garding the important essential of tem-
erly fall within the scope of the present
Heat Regulation By
magazine leads the writer
at night, the
more, yet the thermometer continually registered the 70 degrees tbat it was set to maintain
service throughout the entire winter.
had two aquaria under method one beside a sleeping room which was
ture frequently dropping 30 degrees and
a method of automatic control of tem-
perature where a gas flame
always kept cold
presenting various meth-
Concluded from page 8i
heat regulator or "thermostat," called, is to
forms of any
be had in various
ment, and with slight modification can
be adjusted to the needs of the aquarisl.
The trouble with most of those of
however, as the brook was not put in operation until about the middle of June,
that an earlier start will l)ring
us better success next year.
AERATION Installing the Conductors By FLOYD
into the ends of the pipe,
to the joint.
fiame of the alcohol lamp until the solder
the long run, prove
held against the top of the pipe melts
cheaper and more satisfactory than iron
and runs in. Wire tin solder should be used. Bar solder, being thick and heavy,
Iron rusts to
such an extent as often to completely
must have screw connections, made with great care. Rubber quickly rots out and must be replaced. Lead pipe having an inside diameter of o-l() in., and an outside diameter the orifice
of 5-1 ()
about right for use with
In case no brass tubing
many, are in I have reality not difficult to make. known plumbers to spend an entire day in putting in a line which should have been installed in two hours. They are accustomed to handle pipe Yj in. or more have been a bugbear
handling of the lead-pot and soldering iron requires more skill than is possessed by the average amateur, besides,
such an too
not adapted to small
one place, melting the lead
Gasoline or other torches are ;
one cannot control the heat.
alcohol lamp such as druggists use
ideal for this
and the solder
of the ends of lead pipe so that
over the other.
round and round will accomplish this. other end should be udiittled down trifle,
make the may run In the this.
snugly into the
is done as Care must be taken to
snugly, else the solder
and obstruct it. method the brass prevents All the soldering should be done into the pipe
before the pipe will
hung, otherwise one
gether while a joint
keeping the ends tois
Lead pipe of this size can be handled and bent as readily as wire. It can be made almost invisible by being run along the top of the picture-moulding where
450,000,000 Eggs Taken by
a knife-blade or
a hole can be bored over the door-casing
the ends of the lead pipe
to brighten the inner surface.
snugly inside the lead i)ipe. outside of the brass tubing with emery it
paper and cut
the line runs from one
joint procure a piece
of brass tubing of
given time to thor-
oughly run into the
made by spreading one
Soldering irons apply the heat
electric or hydraulic
one of the sections of brass tubing
the scarcity of eggs
one of the chief topics of public con-
comes from the L'nited Bureau of Fisheries, Washington. D. C, showing that already this season
cern, a report
whitefish eggs in
by far the largest ever made.
13.000 quarts of the tiny eggs.
of Live Fish in
a Frozen Condition Fishes
the class of animals
that have variable
body temperature, de-
pending on the temperature of their environment. In extreme cold they assume a rigid condition,
vital functions are
suspended, while life remains present. During several
months of each year some of the great rivers of Siberia are frozen solid to the
of the fishes impris-
oned in the ice retain their vitality and resume their active life when the ice melts in spring.
fact has suggested
the freezing of live fish for transporta-
which are discussed in the Fischcrci Zeitung. Many years ago the celebrated physicist Pictet of Geneva put fresh water fishes into a tub of water, which he tion,
kept liquid at the freezing point for
hours, and then allowed to freeze slowly into a
ward was cooled gradually Cent.
necessary to thaw the ice very slowly
or even two months
to keep the water near the freezing point for several hours, in order to preserve the life of the fishes. Even those which do not survive are in a perfect
state of preservation.
In the markets of Irkutsk, Siberia, fish are displayed for sale in the frozen state
up like cordwood. Fish in cold storage are preserved frozen in slabs of
the shipment of live
of shipping live fish in water
Since the discovery by Pictet that be frozen in blocks of ice with-
out being killed, and that they will be-
come as lively as ever after they are thawed out, a method has been devised for preparing them for shipment in ice. The method is described in the Scientific American. The fish in a large amount of water are placed in a closed tank, and
oxygen under pressure greater
afterward, the fishes began to swim as
ply of oxygen.
showed no symptom of
water is then remain in good conthe
briskly as they did before freezing, and health.
on account of the expense, as from 1 to 1 gallons of water are required for each pound of fish, according to the vable
dition on account of the
now applied in The method
vessel containing the
freezing tank and
the fish are frozen into the ice formed.
placed in water which
kept near the
freezing point for a few hours, then at
the freezing point for finally
to IS hours,
frozen by immersing the vessel freezing
blocks of ice containing the fish can
the ordinarv refrig-
arrival at their destina-
tion the fish are ])ut through a slow thawing process lasting ten hours, when
they return to their normal state of active animation.
few inches thick, in which This the frozen fishes are imbedded. cake is wrapped in cloth and surrounded cake of
with a heat-insulating packing, to preIt vent melting during transportation.
fishing line will soon be the pop-
Notropis Chrosomus By WM.
Specimens of this fish which appeared in the Eastern market some time ago, under the names Rhinycthys gloriosus and Chrosonuis snpcrbus, have been recognized, and a few words concerning this variety will doubtless
be of interest.
The Notropis Chrosomus, discovered by Jordan
in 1876, is a desirable inhabi-
tant of the cold water aquarium.
brooks and outlets of springs throughout drainage
closely related variety. Notropis
licus, is so similar that
the amateur ichthyologist to distinguish
one from the other. of specimens
in the least doubt,
the best plan
competent ichthyologist. tification
Errors of iden-
soon get well-rooted and become
to the scientific worker,
is put to great unnecessary labor in running down false trails. Identification
by competent ichthyologists
ways possible and, if a new fish has to be named, let it be done by one who can
make a proper classification. The following description is taken from the works of Jordan. The original specimen is in The Academy of Natural Notropis Chrosomus
4^ D ;
4 scales below lateral before dorsal; snout o 1-3
head; eye 3%, maxillary 2J^
orbital 2 4-5.
pressed, rather slender.
compressed. abrupt in
Head moderate, convex,
maxillary reaches eye.
Interorbital rather evenly convex.
hooked, with grinding surfaces.
and well exposed.
Lateral line complete, decurved.
tion of dorsal ter
which 3 on Pharyngeal teeth 2,
upper part of arch. 4-4,
Anal inserted about Cau-
and caudal base.
opposite last third of dorsal base.
Pectoral reaches ^4 to before dor-
dal well forked.
latter inserted well
green with bluish
Plead above and vertebral line golden
above to caudal base, and below
bar across anal,
of black dots along
forming into small
caudal base and dorsal.
with muzzle and top of head tuberculate,
finer tubercles before dorsal.
Known from the Alabama common in clear brooks and
outlets of springs.
writer has kept six specimens of
Notropsis Chrosomus for several months in
water of moderate temperature, and
active habits and gentle nature, combined with the attractive coloring of the fins and the copper and dark stripes
along the sides
indeed, a de-
scales 38 in lateral line to caudal
and two more on
line; 28 scales in
Sciences in Philadelphia.
lightful acjuarium fish.
coming from the
led aquarists to treat
they died rapidly.
that they inhabit cool, spring-fed
we now keep them
in moderate to where they do well, par-
ticularlv with aeration.
An Outdoor Aquarium By CHARLES
be absolutely truthful, the actual
summer near Lake
stocked with such wild fishes as
which has just been ex-
very strongly resembled work,
the pleasurable difticulties
ing the brook and the fun
and spelled with a
woukl be well worth the labor of construction, and would afl^ord an opportunity of observing these fish under
very nearly their natural environmeni
without a good deal of exertion on our
Accordingly, for to
About two hundred feet from our house was a small spring which flowed
at the foot of a hill.
the spring, and a the
one side of it.
trench about forty feet long, varying in width from three to five feet and about
The ground was twenty inches deep. hard and clayey. The end of the ditch was finished off square and here a tight
of boards, with a
row of one-inch
below the level of the bank, served to keep the water in the artificial brook at a constant level. The holes were covered with wire cloth.
augur holes a
soon enlisted the aid and enthusiasm
mossy stones and gravel and such water plants as to create the
could find nearl)y
appearance of nature.
large quantity of fish, though not a very
even explored the
shallow waters on the edge of the lake. All fish except those in
our brook were promptly liberated.
found within a radius of five or six miles of Westport, N. Y., were the Blacknosed, Long-nosed and Horned Dace, the Straw, Spotted-tail and Red-fin minnow and the Tesselated Darter. All of these fish we found to be quite common in
ing oft' nicely through the holes in the upper part of the dam. I soon found it necessary, however, to reinforce the sides of the dam, where the boards were driven into the bank, with a few bricks and a The bottom of the 1)rook little cement. as
handle and during the
used a small seine that two could
and together we explored
the brooks and streams for miles around
was a simple matter to divert the flow from the spring into the new course and the next morning I found the ground had become thoroughly saturated and my brook was filled, the water flowIt
study her, as a rule,
variation of the household aquarium.
for the labor.
not allow us to
prepare an interesting
but two, and these on our
the stream near our house.
All of these fish seemed in
P)lack-nosed Dace, of which
peace and good understanding.
watching their habits
amply repaid us for our eft'orts. MojMng that the TTorned-Dace would l)uil(l
them with gravel of various degrees of coarseness at the head of the stream, but much to our disappointment they failed to take the hint.
In fact, none of the
Coiiiuiucd on huge 7"
AQUARIUM THE AQUARIUM THE
brought together modest sum.
\arieties can be
Issued in the Interests of the Study, Care and Breeding of Aquatic Life monthly
at Chicago, Illinois, by the Aquarium Societies of Brooklyn, Chicago, New York, Philadelphia, Boston, Milwaukee, Minneapolis.
exchanges, books for review, etc., direct the Editor-in-Chief; to remittances to the Treasurer; all other mat ter to the Business Manager all
Editor in Chiick, 8 S. Dearborn St.,
----- - -
Business Manager, 6100 Ingleside Ave.,
428 W. 66th
No fancier was ever successful without acquiring the habit of close observation which discloses an unlimited amount
of detail in the housing, feeding and caring for his subjects.
He soon discovers that it is difficult and unsatisfactory to direct someone else in doing this, that, or the other small job in connection with this pastime and it naturally follows that he
do these things w^ith his own hands and even though he has no mechanical training he soon finds that he can do these things and the satisfaction he will
get out of Circulation Dept.. 253 Sibley St., - -
W. B. HOFFMAN - Hammond, Ind. Single Copies, 10c
Advertising Rates upon Application
would be otherwise. The high-strung nervous business man can get what he needs as a "let-down" or relaxation from the business tension
gets home in the evening and can spend an hour or so, preferably before dinner, with his pets. While the whole family can enter
when he Vol.
In following the
hobby or fad
lecting various varieties of fish
able for aquarium purposes or of breed-
ing and raising from adult specimens, it is
surprising to note the latent quali-
ties that will
to the surface
unconsciously be developed
and enjoy the cultivation of fish hobby, it is advisable that the feeding be under the supervision of one person who will see to it that no more into
food will be placed will be
the tanks than
thereby guarddecay and contaminadaily,
tion of the water.
indeed, are the
who have made any money
out of this
Tanks can be obtained
at prices from few cents to many hundred dollars, but without question the one that will be ap])reciated the most by the owner will be the one that he has made with
hobby. So it is generally the case of everything going out and nothing coming in and if a fancier is inclined to be prodigal in money matters and can afford to do so, there is scarcely any limit to the amount of money that can be invested even in a medium or small col-
lustrating that trait or qualification
his disposition that indicates a well-l)al-
the other hand a very satisfactory
collection of both goldfish
own hands. At least that particular tank will be the one he will point out to his guests and say "I made it," ilhis
mind, \\z., that of ])roducing somethinu" with his own hands.
Brooklyn Aquarium Society The annual meeting of Aquarium Society was
began, and the following gentlemen were unanimously elected to their sev-
the lirooklvn liekl
President, Dr. I-'rederick Schneider,
\'ice-president, Joseph I-'roehlich. 11 P^rancis Place.
Secretary, Harry Roessle.
most interesting parts of the evening's meeting was the reading of the reports of the se\eral officers and the chairmen of the committees.
evening of January 13, 11)14. There was a very large attendance, and notwithstanding that it was the coldest night that Brooklyn has witnessed in the past twelve or fourteen years.
Halsey Street. Librarian.
Frederick Schneider, was received with I^ocal Editor,
a great deal of pleasure and enthusi-
asm by every one present. The showing for the year was such to make him and all the members proud. The in-
r^\ery one of the above accepted with the assurances that thev would
creased membership showed that there
were about sixty per cent additional
administration a successful and pros-
members enrolled during the past year, making the past administration the
society expects to
was studded with and interesting re-
bers are only half realized, the ISrook-
the hopes of
the officers and
Aquarium Society none
and treasurer's reBrooklyn Aquarium Society can now boast of a good financial condition, and the outlook is such that the members feel the funds of the association warrant some entertainment, which most pn>l)al)ly will be in the form of an annual dinner to be held during the month of March. The reports of the dififerent committees were very gratifying and were ports
progress during the coming year, and
marks appertaining to the welfare of the society, and the work in general. Great strides had been made for the better scientific
best in the history of the society.
After the reading of the reports, the election of ofticers for the ensuing }'ear
The Natural ligious Truly, he
unfolds to us the
which God works through the world
well be called the best
of religious teachers.
In the study of
the organic world, no less than in the
study of the starry heavens, is it true that "day unto day uttereth s])cech, and night unto night showeth knowledge." John Fiske i>i a mciuorial lecture on Cliarli's Danvin.
Index to Vol. A Aeration Apparatus. A Simple.. What are African Flies. Amoeba. On the
37 44 82-87 5-12 42
The Aquarium. The Household Aquarium Exhibit. The Aquarium Management. Practical Aquarium Notes .
39 29 25
Box Lion Head Goldfish. The Little Fellows With the Wheel. The Letter
N New York Aquarium.
On New York Our Aim
73-91 65 45 24 2
64 78 20
Don'ts for Beginners
of the Goldfish
F Feeding Goldfish
On the Uses of Fish Food. Aquarium Fish Food. A General Floating Fern. The Florida Swamp. Fish Life of
Formaldehyde Frog Fish. The Trouble. Glass Cleaner.
A Cure for A New
20-32 Plants Worth Cultivating Plants in Aquaria. The Function 58 59 55
Preserving Fish Specimens Public Aquaria in America Public Interest in Aquaria Quillwort.
R Red-Bellied Dace
Society Statistics Spawning Net. The A Surgical Case.
15 17 21
Types of Sex of The Docile Good Light Important Goldfish. Goldfish. Goldfish.
P Paratilapia Multicolor
37 20 30 46
Danio Rerio Daphnias Daphnia. Pointers on Propagation
Mechanical Helps Mollienisia Latipinna
Morris Canal. Along the Mouth Breeders. The
A Year with a Cement. An Aquarium Chanchito Breeding Chrosomus Erythogaster
Hearing of Fishes. Note on Heating the Aquarium. A Simple Device for Hydra. The
B The Brackish Water Aquarium Ball Fish.
Breeding Goldfish Breeding Tank of Wood. Construct a
33 84 52
Violet in Aquaria.
W Water Poppy.
SOCIETY BULLETINS Brooklyn
Regular meetings 2nd & 4th Tues. in every month except July & Aug. at Fairchild Bldg. 702 Fulton St., at 8 P. M. Initiation Fee, $1.00 Annual Dues, $2.00
Corresponding and Recording Sec'y Treasurer Librarian
Frederick Schneider, 64 Grove Street Joseph Froehlich, Francis PI. Harry Roessle, 116 Harman Street
P. Fritz, 805
ocal Editor > Local Business Manager I
Ripin, 915 Franklin Ave.
H. Smith, 702 Fulton Street
Fanciers' Club Regular meetings on the Second Wednesday at 809-12 City Hall Square Building, 127-139 North Clark St.. at 8:30 P. M. on 4th Wednesday where announced. $1.00 $4.00
President Vice-President Secretary Treasurer Acting Librarian Local Editor
Local Business Manager
Young, 428 West 66th Street Preusker, 457 North Avenue W. B. Hoffman, Hammond, Ind. Carl Fossetta, 1341 George Street F. G. Orsinger G. Orsinger, 123 S. Oakley Boulevard J. Borgstrom. Jr., 1408 Kedzie Avenue F. S.
Dr. G. A.
The Aquarium Society Regular Second
the the School Jersey City,
and on the Fourth Friday at the American Museum of Natural
and Central Park West, NewYork, each month except Correand August. July sponding membership $1.00 Annually. Initiation Fee, $1. Dues, $2
Edw. W. Kiernan, 78 So. Clinton St., East Orange, N. J. John P. Lowel, 146 Grace St., Jersey City, N. J. „ „ Herman Osmer, West New Brighton, N. Y. f
Recording Secretary „ ,. „ ^ Corresponding Secretary ) Treasurer H. A. Richtberg, 85 South 16th )
St., East Orange, N. J. Librarian Herman Hoffmeister, 165 Webster Av., Jersey City, N. J. Local Editor John T. Nichols, Am. Museum of Nat. History, New York Local Business Manager Carl P. Ording. 1931 Broadway, New York
Fourth Wednesday, Arch Street.
Initiation Fee, $1.00 Annual Corresponding Dues, $1.80.
H. R. Lippincott, Collingswood, N. J. Charles Paxson, 2534 N. 1 1th Street Hiram Parker, 224 N. Wilton Street L. M. Dorsey, Jr.. 2219 N. 19th Street Wm. T. Innes, Jr., 1824 N. Park Avenue L. M. Dorsey, Jr., 2219 N. 19th Street
President Vice-President Treasurer
Secretary Local Editor Local Business Manager
Membership, $1.00 Annually.
Milwaukee Aquarium Society Regular meetings on First at 105 Grand Ave. Initiation Fee, $1. Dues, $1.20
G. B. Schenk, 105 Grand Avenue August Grau, 3110 Grand Avenue
President Vice-President Treasurer Secretary
Geo. J. C. Steffen, 950 First Street Rev. Paul Roth, 2602 Prairie Avenue August W. Pollworth, 1816 Wright Street W. A. Brvb, 304 Fifteenth Street
Librarian Local Business Manager
Philadelphia Gold Fish Fanciers Society Meets Third Wednesday evening of each month, except July and August, at Saul's Hall, 802-804 Girard Avenue, Phila-
Georgk B. Smith, 2013 E. Cumberland St. Harry P. Peters, 1210 N. Warnock St. Fred Richardson, 652 E. Lippincott St. Geo. W. Price, 2038 So. 3rd St.
President Vice-President Secretary Treasurer
Membership Fee. Dues,
15 cents per
Initiation Fee, $1 An'l Dues,$l
Tappan, 92 South 7th Street
President Treasurer Secretary
W. Franzen, Curator Museum Pub. Library Mrs. Anna Esskng, 342 Longfellow Ave. South
President Secretary Treasurer
Dedham, Mass. Bloomfield St., Boston, Mass. Franklin A. Packard, 5 Perry St., Cambridge, Mass.
Tennant Lee, W. Alden, 15
18 School St.,
Breeding Goldfish? START NOW! Season commences February — ends September. Full
"The Aquarium" Magazine
instructions for breeding and rearing young, feeding, etc. 25c per copy, postMated pairs of breeders shipped paid. safely anywhere in U. S. Prices as follows Young Japanese Fringetails, $1.00 and $2.00 pair upward. Young Chinese Black Dragon Eyes, $2.00 and $3.00 pair upward. Young Chinese Orange and Black Spangled Dragon Eyes, $3.00 pair upward. Young Chinese Calico Dragon Eyes, $2.00 and $3.00 pair upward.
scriptions expire with the
issue will assist
the publication and confer
a favor on the manage-
ment by sending
Beautiful East Indian Shubunkins, every cole- of the colored alike, $2.00, $3.00, $5.00 a pair These are comto color. mon goldfish in shape, easily bred and very hardy.
rainbow— no two
up to $100.00 each, according
Goldfish Breeding, the ideal money maker for people beautiful pets. with a little spare time a grand hobby We help you, will buy your results. Market never glutted. Order now breeders scarce later.
— — — Oriental Goldfish Company S. CHICHESTER LLOYD, Manager NEW ADDItESS: 508 Bergen Street, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
have no circulars or price lists. Every order receives our manager's personal attention and filled in rotation. Feed our Food, 15c postpaid. Extra large bunch plants 12 Tell us your troubles. fot aquaria, 15c postpaid. years in the business.
Aquarium Book Herman
"Goldfish Breeds and Other Aquarium Fishes" Tells all about the standard authority. breeding fancy goldfish and treats in a practical way on all aquarium and terrarium sub-
Price, postage prepaid by us, $3.00
INNES & SONS Twelfth Street, Cor. Cherry, Philadelphia, Pa.
of all kinds
range place, in fact everything. Contains Dr. Loeb's article on scientifically produced FROGS. Tadpoles and Bullfrogs bought and sold.
Aquaria Tanks Fish Globes Ornaments, Etc.
INTERESTING AQUA LIFE
Auburndale Goldfish Co. fNot Incorooratedi
1449 West Madison Send
and Trade Prices
617. Seymour. Conn.
LIVE-BEARING FISH BREEDERS Protect your new hum fish from the attacks of the female .by using the Will positively save the life of without any attention on your part
"LiFE-S.WER Cage." every new-born
and Look Into Frog Breeding
INSTRUCTIVE Book "FROG CULTURE," $1.00 postpaid, tells how to breed, feed and ar-
of glass and noncorrosive wire.
THE AQUARIUM when
L. S. CO.,
Cents Brooklyn, N. Y.
N atural Breatning means HealtK}) Fish
THE TITTLE WONDER"
psh can breatne
creasing their health, beaut}) and A)alue. It works automatical!}? by city water power; uses only a little water; nothing to wear out or get out of order. It is always "On the JoD." Just install and tken forget it tKe "Little Wonder" will do tKe rest, automatically.
Drop a card for
OKe BISHOP-BABCOCK-BECKER CLEVELAND, OHIO
jgardeii at your home. The sea The beauties of the oceau a thousand miles from the seashore. The wonders of the deep portrayed in the living specimens. Sea Auemones as pretty as carnations. Plant Life. Sea lettuce. Livtide.
ing mussels, small hermit shoe, shedder or edible crabs,
Terminal Pet Shop Importers, Breeders and Dealers
Fish foods, plants and aquaria Pets ot every description
advertiser, with fifty years' experience in the work, for reference, refers you to the Museum of Natural History of New play.
York, the New York Acjuarium, the New York and New Jersey Acjuarium Society, and prominent florists in New York.
200 W. H:WA Street R. DONKER, Ne>v York ('ity
Prices cheerfully furnished for special sizeJ aquariums
The N. Y. Aquarium Writes
DOM KSTK'ATKD KISII will usoful to all those who are intere.sted in \or.\ the .small a(|uariuni and its inhabitants." (.Sd.) K.WM().\l> (' OSHOKN. AssI Oirector. ••Tlniik
**Dnmt"itiratfd Fi<ih'* uomesticaiea r isn. Kisli.
dav for l>art SATISFIED.
THE AQUARIUM when
,>; p:.nolish on ami the idcnt iticat ion of Tntpical cents to Domestic Fish and 'ioldtish Scnil
the care, cult
500 Isham Mention
HUDSON TERMINAL BUILDINo NEW YORK
keep these interesting spehealthy in your home. Florists and aquarists can arrange one of these beautiful marine ac)uariums in the window, which will make a lively and attractive disdirections
Birds, seeds and cages
Burnett's Japanese Fish l^ood
colored small sea Hshes and, most beautiful of all. Living Sea Horses, with
Japanese Goldfish and Tropical Fish
Imported Fishfood "BLUE RIBBON BRAND"
Contains no dog biscuit nor otlier adulterant.
pure. It is
that 'I. B.", a New York fancier, bought "C. E." who has been carrying l."> pounds ;it once! oil' the lihif rilil)ons in Pliiladelphia for the best VeilA leadins dealer tailed (ioldtish, bouslit 3 pounds. jiounds. advertising in "The Aquariiun" just l)oui;lit Others bought proportionately. Stop experimenting!
Flavors of Nature Just as She
Not Not Not But
of the shop, the laboratory, the library, the of this ism or that hypothesis;
hysterical nor hypocritical; it is
a sincere, honest, faithful magazine, true to
KNOW!" Follow the example of "THOSE Send 12ctoday for sample. IMPORTED INFUSORIA 27c pki; produces abundant Micro-
••HYDRASALT," scopic Life for Baby Fish. pkg,) destroys Parasites and Hydra.
fields; of valleys,
represents the students and lovers of nature
or friends of I he Aijassiz As.fociatioii
Send $! .00
for a year.
F. Bigelow, Managing Editor.
The RgaSSiz Association,
THE GUIDE TO N/\TURE
Sound Beach, Conn.
Federation of Goldfish Fanciers, National
members in all parts of the Corresponding membership dues $1.00 Benefits manifold. Objects many, among which is the aljolition of fish globes, cruelty and ignorant handlini; of aquarium fishes by dealers and individuals; answering of questions relating to balanced aquaria, and any difficulties arising therein research into diseases of aquarium kept fishes and l)ublic dissemination of knowledge attained. Numl>ers among its organizers and members, many of the foremost aquarists of the day, whose experience is at the command of the pul)lic. Address all communications and send dues to S. CHICHESTER LLOYD, Seeretary, 508 Bergen Street, Brooklyn N. Y. Local nienil)ership dues $2.00 yearly, payable semi-annually if desired. in
scope, desires live
All kinds and varieties of
Sunfish, Catfish, Darters, etc.,
and cold water
Hellbenders, Siren, Frogs and Lizzards.
Get Ali^ Pet
To Keep You Company During Winter Months!
A pretty Canary, bright as a su.ibeam, active as a cricket, fills your home with music and, your heart with gladness. He makes you feel life's worth living. Hundreds of pleased customers last year. They are real
Imported German CANARIES Tested and guaranteed singers, obtained from the Germany, in shipping cage, each, $3. Imported females each $1, living arrival guaranteed; handsome brass cage $1. Parrots, gold fish, all kinds cages, etc. Large illustrated catalog free. Largest mail order bird dealers in the world. Bird Book 25 cents. IOWA BIRD CO., Dept OES MOINES, lA.
best breeders in
The Avary and Aquarium Park Los Angeles
BEST COLLECTION OF
Always on Exhibition
MILWAUKEE TRIPOD CO., W. C. EVANS,
Manufacturer and repairer of aquariums. Dealer in kinds of aquarium fishes and plants. Imported Japanese and Chinese gold fishes.
a specialty of
Wholesale and Retail Dealer
BIRDS AND ANIMALS
HERMAN RABENAU 1163 Myrtle Avenue Brooklyn, N, Y. Near Broadway New Shipments received Monthly. Prices Right AQUARIUMS AND ALL ACCESSORIES
MILWAUKEE, WIS. Manager
years of experience has enabled me to make all aquatic life. My aim is to assist the student of Nature and make it possible for him to obtain the specimens he desires in a healthy and first-class condition.
467 Eleventh Street
of artistic designs for particular people. Snails.
Gold Fish Water Plants, Imported Catalog
THE PIONEER AQUARIUM MFG.
THE AQUARIUM when