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Street. Olney, Philadelphia, Pa.
Largest Greenhouses in the World Devoted to the Breeding of Fancy, Chinese and Japanese Goldfish and
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aquarium pure and sweet and does not injure the plants
good condition, keeps your Eaten by the fish with avidity.
rough, sharp edges to injure and
carry the finest line of aquarium ornaments in the country. fish,
but every ornament glazed with a smooth and beautiful finish, and in harmonious colors,
creating an artistic effect in the aquarium.
Globes, Nets, Pebbles, Sand, Foods, Etc. Everything Pertaining to the Aquarium and Pond Send
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^. Hemichromis Bimaculatus or Red Chromides By
a native of the zil,
of the Cichhdae family
District of Bra-
waters, ranging from 65 degrees to SO
having a 2" bottom of well washed lake and planted with Vallisneria Ludwegia, Spiralis, Sagitaria Natans, Elodia and floating water fern, and filled within one inch of the top with water which had been standing about two weeks to insure its being flat or ripe, and fed them as wide a variety of food as sand,
blunt and heavy, tail
In about a month the tank
extremely powerful. The fish has
had a beautiful growth of plants and was as nearly balanced as any I ever had. But by this time there seemed to be con-
pedal, one dorsal
and one anal fin. The color is reddish brow^n with
and lower half body are
best Hemichromis Bimaculatus.
devour not only
so, in I
deep rich red, hence the name, Hemichromis, or half
i)rcvcnt their killing
impossible to at-
tack one another they were apparently
young but all young fish, also scraped raw beef, fish worms, dried shrimp, chopped oysters or clams, meal worms,
and within twenty-four hours had every
spear, either routed out or cropped
acquaintance with this species was in the late fall of 1912, at which time I secured a pair about eight months old,
in a brass
glass tank, 16" long x 10" wide xl l"high.
angry that they started
vegetation in their respective quarters,
and I noted that their color was changing from the reddish brown to a dccj), rich red about the head and stomach, and the green spots became very brilliant, or like emeralds. close
to the roots,
One Saturday morning home I noticed that the
was apparently over, and that the combatants seemed anxious to become reconciled. On my return at 2:30 P. M. I found to my great regret that the female had
deposit of eggs, covering a nearly
round spot about
diameter on her and the male was frantically trying to fertilize them.
side of the glass partition,
removed the partition with the eggs it and have kept it now for several months as a specimen. But very few of the eggs have fallen off, although no fixing solution was used to I
The growth of the had now become cjuite
roe in the female
to observe the
actual deposit of the eggs on the pot, as
The by swimming in
occurred on Sunday morning.
above and just touching the spot for a few moments, then on moving to one side was immediately followed up by the male, who apparently circles
fertilized the different deposits as fast
This deposit was
as they were made.
about the same
size as the
the pair took turns in hovering over the
The spawning time was now
and am pleased to state that there was no more scrapping. Within a week the fish were back to normal color, and did not molest the vegetation which had again
eggs and fanning with the pectoral
been planted. The next spawning occurred in April, 1913, when the tank was again nicely balanced. A flower pot 4" diameter at
the wide end was prepared
out the bottom and
edges and placed on
its side in
the tank with the wide end towards the front. At once both the specimens started in to clean
up, in spite of the fact that
had been most carefully scrubbed. During this time they both took on a beautiful red color, and the maneuvers of their mating were very interesting to watch. The male would start to swim around the female, and then she would start to swim around him, with the result that they were constantly swimming in circles. Then one would come in close to the side of the other and deit
liver a love slap ofif
emerald green spots one encrusted mass of
coming over them and to keep silt and dirt from lodging among them. They kept up this process to keep fresh water
for forty-eight hours,
one fanning while
hollows in the sand
the roots of some plants they cropped off. The temperature of water was about 75 degrees to 78 grees Fahrenheit, and the hatching completed in a little over ("0 hours. at
fast as the eggs hatched, the
had the de-
one of these holall been removed from the pot, the parents again took turns in fanning the little group, which, fish
naked eye, appeared
like a small
of agitated gelatine, bvit
inspection with a powerful reading glass
were plainly discernible.
the stomach of each
could see the
yolk-sack of the egg which
nourishment for the little fellows until they are able to swim and hunt their
took about four days for them to absorb the yolk-sacks, during which time each little individual fish kept up It
a constant wriggling, which caused the agitation of the jellyHke mass.
During these four days they were repeatedly carried from one sand pocket to another in the
of the adults,
and on the fifth morning, which happened to be bright and sunny, the tank seemed to be literally alive with baby fish out for their first swim under the chaperonage of the female, who seemed to watch over them with most pronounced maternal attention, and if one seemed to be in any difficulty she would take it in her mouth and spit it out again in a portion of the tank where conditions seemed to be more favorable. She was able to hold their attention and govern their movements by swimming backward very slowly, causing them to follow by frequently stopping and strutting. In the evening I found them to be carefully herded in a close group and tucked away for the night in one of the sand pockets, like a lot of little helpless children with their mother standing guard to protect them from danger.
the time they started to
young were three weeks old, the mother showed her maternal instinct by taking this milky substance into her mouth and apparently masticating it, then spitting it out in fine particles which the fry greedily devoured.
young were one month
the mother was removed, and from that
time they were able to take care of themselves. I
get the best results in spawning this
by not using
viding plenty of vegetation and placing the tank in the sunlight so as to obtain a good growth of Algea.
Under no conditions should silt or off during spawning
accumulation seems to
be syphoned son, as this
up the condition most favorable to the young when they are big enough to take care of themselves.
Effects of Inbreeding (Coiitril)Uti-d)
Everywhere in nature are evidences of a pronounced antipathy to self-fertilization and inbreeding. While it is true
the male began to lose interest, and soon resumed his old color, and, as on the
that desirable characteristics can be de-
day after the babies' first swim caught him indulging his canibalistic appetite, I removed him to other quarters. The tank containing these specimens was in a window with south exposure, and by the time they could swim nicely there was a good growth of Algea; Infusoria also had developed, on which the babies fed, and their growth was
very rai)id. During all this time the female was fed largely on tish worms, scraped raw beef, or dried shrimp, a ration which the babies were too small to touch, but on my squeezing the milky substance from live
meal worms into the tank when the
veloped and perpetuated by inbreeding,
always at the expense of vigor, and
results in the degeneration of other parts,
in the species, in contrast,
bird or beast, rapidity
sulting infusion of
inter-crossing of different
lines of a species (unrelated individuals),
The advantage itself does no good. depends much upon the selection of inby
dividuals of desirable characteristics and"
a good male
occasional acquisition of
from another breeder-
should be considered a necessity.
possible to practice the line-breeding
not be so essential. Animals, having the power of loco-
move about from
place to place mingling with their kind, have not been provided with means to
prevent inbreeding. Movement, restricted only by the climatic and food requirements of the species, renders the liabihty of consanguinity very slight. Plants, however, have developed various
species bear the male
to insure cross-fertilization.
and female flowers
species produces flowers of both sexes, or hermaphrodite (combination) flowers
on the same plant, the organs of the sexes do not mature simultaneously, thus making fertiUzation by another The pollen, or male plant necessary. element,
carried from flower to flower
by the wind
Nature frowns with equal vehemence
upon inter-breeding The
of divergent species, result
degeneracy and sterihty. More commonly, even though the individuals
be of closely related families, the attempt is productive of no result whatever. Anatomically, the animals may be very much ahke, yet the spermiatozoon of the male is unable to effect the ovum of the female. There are, however, instances where the offspring, while
and thus unable
to reproduce their kind,
are yet vigorous.
The mule may be
as an example.
hybrid has been
cured by crossing the American bison (buffalo) with the domestic cattle that is said t6 be very vigorous. Exceptions,
be found to any rule, but when we oppose Nature, we have forces arrayed against us, the workings
which we do not comprehend.
plan of the poultry fancier, this would
^ the help of the
Nature than to controvert her
Goldfish breeders, working as they do with the very concentrated product of
selective inbreeding, should to
out-breed without losing the
desirable characteristics they
tain in their stock with increased de-
the methods and stock of some of the breeders of the best goldfish in America,
well that inbreeding
intentionally practiced to the detriment
Father and daughter are being bred together. Splendid developof their strain.
is being secured, but on extremely low vitality and short
With the usual methods
almost an impossibility not to inbreed. The fry are gradually assorted according to size without regard to parentage. Every breeder, sooner or later, by judicious selection of males and ing,
upon a combination that produces a number of fry of excellent
his desire for perfection,
to maturity, relationship not be-
brother and sister together.
very apt to be weaklings.
be disputed and considered mere
it will be hard to them, as pedigree breeding is scarcely possible with goldThe columns of the magazine are fish.
facts to offset
for a discussion of this subject.
The Diatomacea as Food
Fish Fry By W.
Mr. Smith, in his interesting article on
Plankton and Nepton has indicated a
T H E
a rich one for investigators, but one that of general interest to fish breeders as
The plant and animal
plankton is formed, furnishes the first food of the newly-hatched fish and more
mature individuals this
phase of the subject that
a fact indicative of their great
age and long
period on the earth.
to the vast extent of such deposits
a fact worthy of notice, that the city of Richmond, Virginia, is built upon a strata of almost pure diatom remains, is
below the forming such de])osits is going on at the present time in the bottoms of our rivers and lakes.
some places lying The process
prove of interest to the aquarist who may not have the facilities or the inclination to study the purely scientific aspect of the problem. The economic and the scientific viewpoints are, how-
ever, closely related.
one of the many constituents of plankton, and has received a good deal of attention from micro-
present time, however, a more intimate
proof of its importance as a food for fish can be deduced than the fact that the scientist in quest of specimens loses no opportunity if examining the stomachs of mollusks and fish, for there it is that he is sure to find a goodly collection. Many a rare specimen has been added to the cabinet of the student by this means. The diatoms are a large group of plants, so very small that the aid of the microscope is necessary to reveal their diversity of beautiful forms. in
both fresh and
water; so abund-
ant and widely distributed arc they that there
have existed of time
or ditch in
are found in
which not be found. That they
parts of the world, fre-
quently in almost pure
utmost commercial Many dental and the action of which is
value, give testimony.
abrasive, not chemical, contain as cutting material the remains of the diatom.
have been brought up from a depth
Formerly, naturalists placed this famianimal kingdom in consequence
ly in the
acquaintance with their nature and habacquired by the aid of improved microscopes and confirmed by chemical experiments, has resulted in their being
transferred to the vegetable kingdom. The plant consists of a siHcious en-
velope of three parts, made up somewhat after the fashion of the old card-
with top and bottom They are of every joined by a ring. conceivable shape, all microscopic in
Their great beauty consists in the marking or sculpture of the envelope,
greatly diversified in
parallel lines so fine, that
measure but one inch
whether or not
being marked with
tion that has been widely debated, as
has also the peculiar power of movement. Diatoms are able to jjroceed back-
ward or forward, with no visible means of propulsion, and after much discussion the ciuestion remains a mooted one. I have been informed that a method has been evolved to propagate diatoms as a commercial food for oysters, but no details on the subject are at present available. will
prove a great boon to
the discovery fish
rubber ball on one end.
Sheep Manure as a Cultivator By
In a past issue of
some investigating along this line, as I had always had very poor success with under certain conditions of years ago I had an eighty gallon aquarium built to fit into a square space containing three windows with The dimensions of western exposure. this aquarium were not what they should have been, the depth being too great in Sagittaria
proportion to the width; besides it was full glare of the after-
subjected to the
aquaria with water at the same time,
appeared an article on the advantages of using sheep manure as a cultivator for aquatic plants in the household aquarium. I thereupon decided to do
Plants, with the single ex-
ception of Anacharis, never grew well in
aquarium. I tried Sagittaria many times with the same result; they never this
shot off runners, and gradually died out
and injected the aqueous solution among the roots in acjuarium No.
About the third day,
noticed clouds of pulveru-
nebulous organizations ascending columns from the sand up to the surface of the water, and there spreading A microout into cloud-like masses. scopical examination proved this to be
composed of a
myraids of spores
certain fungus belonging to the
Phycomycetes. Let us now digress a bit The Phyfor a few words about fungi. called on (Alga-fungi) are so comycetes account of the fact that they resemble certain Algae more closely than other fungi, and are supposed to have been derived from the Algae, having lost their chlorophyll (sap-green) and power of independent living. Saprolegnia, spores
up two twelve gallon aquaria in the following manner: In No. 1, I placed a layer of sand about
genus to which our
sheep manure, just enough to cover the sand well, then about an inch and one-
semble certain Algae - Vaucheria and Cladophora so closely that connection The mycelium (working seems plain. body) is composed of cccnocytic hyphae (small thread-like filaments which have no partition walls dividing them into cells) the tips of which become swollen
half of clean sand over
and are cut
one-half inch thick; then
aquarium with Sagittaria and placed
a strong west light, exposed to
the afternoon sun, a position identical
with that aquarium.
Within these chambers numerous bicilate zoospores (spores with two cilia, which swim about in the water) are formed,
special syringe consisting of a thin glass
which after being motile for a short time, settle down and rapidly form new mycelia. This all strongly suggests Vaucheria and Cladophora. Now the genus of Saprolegnia which appeared in acjuarium No. 1 seem to be perfectly harmless to goldfish in good condition. After a few days these countless spores settled down and formed mycelia on the darker
portions of the substratum.
inches of clear sand, planted Sagittaria
without adding the sheep manure ciding to feed these plants directly injecting
manure among the fifteen
inches long with a
T H E
In about ten days
the fungus be-
Of Interest Regarding Gambusia
gan to disappear very rapidly, the water cleared beautifully, and
They increased with
water did not turn green
and conditions seemed eminently satisfactory. Then I introduced fish, which did well from the first. Now, after seven months,
in spite of
poor conditions, the
eries at Beaufort, N.
exactly similar results, only
slower and with more work, as
the plants had to be fed continually.
recommending the sheep-manure method to anybody who is troubled with a poor growth of plants, provided the aquarium is set up as I have suggested. I
do not hesitate
in conclusion, a
few words about
Some time since, I wrote an article The Aquarium, on the propagation
them on sions.
hay infuhave recently come to the coninfusoria raised in
clusion that the very best
either Spirogyra, Cladophora or Zyg-
nema. Since September 10th, 1912, I have raised, in a twelve gallon aquarium, sufficient Daphnia to supply one dozen large fish with a liberal feed once a week, and my start consisted of about a quart of Spirogyra and Cladophora. These Algae have been growing and furnishing the young and old Daphnia with plenty of food ever since. I see no reason why a breeder cannot breed Daphnia enough to raise his young fish on if he uses Spirogyra and a sufficiently large tank, making the start in the fall.
of Iowa, in "Science," vSept. 19th, 1913.
Kunz's studies were devoted to
the morphology of the reproductive or-
Dr. Albert Kunz, of the University
gans of Gambusia
the Laboratory of the Bureau of Fish-
the most interesting studies
carried out during the past
plants are thriving and multiplying in
80 gallon aquarium.
shoots of Sagittaria beginning to showup.
the vicinity of Beaufort, in
fresh water streams entering the harbor.
were especially directed to
the structure of the apparatus controlling the modified anal fin in the
us, "functions as
an intromittent organ
and is controlled by a powerful muscle which has its origin on a boney process projecting ventrally from the fourth to the last abdominal vertebrae and the modified anal spines of the proximal end The third, fourth of the anal fin rays. and fifth rays of the fin are enlarged, greatly elongated and variously curved, bearing short spines on their distal portions.
The interhemal which
with the third ray ficiently
enlarged and suf-
elongated to articulate with the
two anterior processes, on which the muscle controlling the anal fin has its The fifth ray may be drawn for-
at one side of the fourth and brought into proximity with the third. In this manner a groove or tube is formed through which the milt is transferred from the male to the female."
utility of the
be recognized by anyone
even rudimentary ideas of Milne-Edwards,
THE AQUARIUM THE A Q UARIU M
of our subscribers
ten us concerning the non-arrival of the
Issued in the Interests of the Study, Care and Breeding of Aquatic Life monthly
at Chicago, Illinois, by the Aquarium Societies of Brooklyn, Chicago, New York, Philadelphia, Boston, Milwaukee, Minneapolis.
magazine will find our explanation here. If you have any criticisms to make, please send them in to the editor. He will always be glad to entertain a just complaint, and to remove the cause of it if
exchanges, books for review, etc., direct to the Editor-in-Chief; remittances to the Treasurer; all other matter to the Business Manager
subjects you would like to see treated in the
letter to that effect will be appreciated. Editor in Chief, 8 S. Dearborn St.,
6100 Ingleside Ave.,
428 W. 66th
At the same time, we want to impress upon you the fact that The Aouarium is your magazine. It will be no better than you make it by your support. If you derive benefit from some
appear in its pages, do not overlook the fact that each one can help by writing short articles concerning experiences with any particular species of fish or any special form of apparatus. These articles will be of advantage to your brother aquarists, and will give to the magazine the personal element, which is so desirable. Do not hesitate because your article seems to you to have no merit, or because you think you have no aptitude for writing. of the articles that
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Since the publication of the last issue steps have been taken, which we trust
do away with many annoyances of As we have explained to our readers, none of the staff receive any
financial returns for their work.
this cheerfully, for the sole purpose of
It is for this
in a scientific
pelled to ask your indulgence for a little longer, until we get matters in such
shape that we can publish this magazine on time. We regret this necessity, but it
only means by which
and continue to be of value to subscribers and advertisers. The loss of our editor, and a change of pubUshers at the same time, left us in a live
rather unfortunate position.
now been make up for
culty, however, has
and we hope
The material vised and put
into shape for the printer.
Now a special word We want you all to
to the advertisers. feel
that you are
we have your confidence we cannot have the greatest measure of success. You have been patient with us in our difficulties, and we appreciate your forbearance. getting value received.
The business manager
touch with the trade, and will be glad to answer any inquiries concerning his particular province.
want to give we invite any communicate with
with grievances to
the Business Manager. At' the
same time we must have some
A Q U A R
rules for the guidance of advertisers.
we do not send advance advertisements. The sizes of
type and kindred matters will be kept just as near to the advertisers' desire as
but we must have a little leein view of contingencies. We re-
serve the right to blue-pencil advertise-
ments which do not conform to our standards, but any such changes will be
indicated before publication.
not accept flamboyant or spectacular advertisements.
right of requiring
The Acjuarium Society
Nov. 13th, 1913, they
hold a public
auction of various varieties of plants,
and implements pertaining to
be held at the German-American School House, Sherman Ave., Jersey City, N. J., and should
be taken advantage of by fanciers as well as by amateurs desirous of adding
wells are freshwater lobsters or cravfish, often called crabs by the boys. If an observer sits quiet for a time near these
may see a claw carefully raised out from the hole and then several pairs of legs follow, together with two of bead
In wandering about the lowlands, an
often find a
ber of small mounds, generally near the edges of ditches or streams. These Httle
the inhabitant of the tunnel
sees the least suspicious
movement, he drops back into the burrow, and only reappears after quite a lapse of time if at all that day. A new observer is sur-
prised to find that the
the same creature that he has
often seen crawling about on the bot-
of the streams
smaller relative of the big lobster that eat.
soil from their burrows broad daylight, and the workers may be busy all day long in their underground abodes. The makers of these
to their collections.
By MORRIS GIBBS. M.
carrying out the
wishes to announce that on Thvirsday,
appear to work chiefiy at night. Still I have twice observed the sly laborers
It is very difficult to discover the well digger at work, for these little fellows
the thoughtful observer they are ever as ource of instruction and interest.
probable that these wells are be-
gun at the top, l)ut I cannot learn that anyone has seen the beginning of a tunnel.
Then, as the well gets deeper, the brought up and deposited at
the sides, and in time these accumula-
form walls at the sides of the well and take the form of chimnevs. The
heaps vary from three to six inches in height and are sometimes nearly a foot
and are made up of small pelIn the centre of lets of mud and clay. inch or more in dieach is a hole of an outlet or inwhich serves as an ameter,
limey nature of the material found in the deeper soil in the lowlands causes
let for the little architect
These Httle tunnels or wells
by the ignorant and unobservant to be snake holes, and they are avoided by timid children or broken into bv the bolder ones, but to
are generally supposed
the pellets to stick together in such a
These Ivmnels always lead to water which is generally found at a depth of two feet or less, but at times the well is
of four feet deep.
Reprinted from Ike Atlantic Coast Natura/ist.
in the house,
of the bricks,
to care for sunfish to feed them.
tom, and plant one-half of this surface with any of the water plants advertised
tank about 15"
long, 10" wide and 11" high would be large enough for four, three-inch sunfish. Feed once a day, preferably in the
morning, with any of the standard advertised foods, alternating twice a
with either scraped "lean"
up the board, and
them on the
not dig up or disturb the contents of the box more than is absolutely necessary to supply your requirements.
metal bound tank, with about a 2" layer of well washed lake sand in the bot-
in this publication.
and mix thoroughly with When you wish
in the jacket,
cold potato that has been boiled
the top layer of earth.
Every sixty days
An aquarist can scarcely make a worse mistake than that of adding colder water to that which is in his aquarium. The sudden change of temperature refrom such a course of action, almost invariably cause the fish to take cold. The glands of the skin which secrete the natural waterproof covering of the body become inflamed and emit an sulting
than the fish will consume daily; the quantity can only be determined by ob-
body a fungus appearance. The gills become congested, and in advanced stages the tail and fins shred and crumble away, and the fish
only care necessary
very large. not to feed
white, giving the
Get one or more empty Fels Naptha soap boxes from your grocer, and see that the sides and bottoms are securely nailed on. Put a 2" layer of black loam
bottom and distribute a good layer of worms over this then add other layers of earth and worms until you have three layers of worms and the upper covered with about 1" of earth. Next get three pieces of 1" board which when placed end in the
about cover the surface.
inch of the surface should be exposed Next around the edge of the cover. place a brick on each of these boards, and set the box in a moderately cool place
and keep the earth moist by
the fish in a strong salt solution for a
few minutes, taking care not to prolong the immersion to the point of exhausRepeat the bath once or twice a tion.
until the patient recovers.
do not think of a book on the subject that emphasizes this danger enough; though many of them devote much space to fungus, which is in reality so I
similar to the effects of chilling, that the
beginner often cannot tell the differand does not know what the trouble is. I remember well the trouble
used to have.
safe to say
that at least two-thirds of the death-loss A to amateurs is due to this cause.
dairy thermometer will prove a useful
and inexpensive aid to any aquarist.
SOCIETY BULLETINS Brooklyn
Regular meetings 2nd
4th Tues. in every month except Tulv & Aug. at Fairchild Bldg. 702 Fulton St., at 8 P. M. Initiation Fee, $1.00 Annual Dues, $2.00
Grove Geo. W. Post, 52 Herkeme Harry Roessle, 116 Harman Theodore P. Fritz, 805 Halsey
Dr. I'rudhrick Schneider, 64
Corresponding and Recording Sec'y Treasurer Library Local Editor Local Business Manager
Street Street Street
J. SchwEICKERT Frederick Schneider, 64 Grove Street
H. Smith, 702 Fulton Street
Fanciers' Club the Regular meetings on Second Wednesday at 809-12 City Hall Square Building, 127-139 North Clark St., at 8:30 P. M. on 4th Wednesday where announced.
President Vice-President Secretary Treasurer Acting Librarian
Young, 428 West 66th Street Preusker, 457 North Avenue W. B. Hoffman, Hammond, Ind. Carl Fossetta, 1341 George Street F. G. Orsingek G. Orsinger, 123 S. Oakley Boulevard 1408 Kedzie Avenue J. Borgstrom. Jr., F. S.
Dr. G. A.
Local Editor Local Business Manager
The Aquarium Society Regular Second
the Thursday the at German -'American School, Sherman Ave., Jersey City, and on the Fourth Friday at the American Museum of History, 77th Natural St. and Central Park West, New Nork, each month except CorreJuly and August. sponding membership, $1.00 Annually. Initiation Fee, $1. Dues, $2
Regular meetings on the Fourth Wednesday, at 1414 Arch Street. Initiation Fee, $1.00 Annual Corresponding Dues, $1.80. Membership, $1.00 Annually.
Milwaukee Aquarium Society meetings on First at 105 Grand Ave. Initiation Fee, $1. Dues, $1.20
President Edw. W. Kierann, 22 Nassau Place, East Orange, N. J. Vice-President O. H. Smith, 23 Jacob Street, New York City Recording Secretary Arthur Osborne, 42 South St., Jersey City, N. J. Corresponding Secretary Herman Osmer, West New Brighton, N. Y. Treasurer H. A. Richtberg, 85 South 16th St., East Orange, N. J. Librarian Herman Hoffmeister, 165 Webster Av., Jersey City, N. J. Local Editor John Treadwell Nichols, Am. Museum of Nat. History Local Business Manager Carl P. Ording, 1931 Broadway, New York
H. R. Lippincott, Collingswood, N. J. Charles Paxson, 2534 N. 11th Street Hiram Parker, 224 N. Wilton Street L. M. Dorsey, Jr., 2219 N. 19th Street Wm. T. Innes, Jr., 1824 N. Park Avenue L. M. Dorsey, Jr., 2219 X. 19th Street
Vice-President Treasurer Secretary Local Editor Local Business Manager
Schenk, 105 Grand Avenue 31 10 Grand Avenue Geo. J. C. Steffen, 950 First Street Rev. Paul Roth, 2602 Prairie Avenue August W. Pollworth, 1816 Wright Street W. A. Brye, 304 Fifteenth Street
President Vice-President Treasurer
C. G. B.
Secretary Librarian Local Business Manager
Treasurer Initiation Fee,$l An'l Dues,$l
Tappan, 92 South 7th Street
W. Franzen, Curator Museum Pub. Library Mrs. Anna Essene, 3421 Longfellow Ave. South J.
Tenxant Lee, W. Alden, 15
Franklin A. PacKvVrd,
IS .School St.,
Bloonitield St., Boston, Mass. 5
Aquarium Book Herman
Terminal Pet Shop Importers, Breeders and Dealers in
Japanese Goldfish and Tropical Fish
the standard authority. Tells all about breeding fancy goldfish and treats in a practical way on all aquarium and terrarium sub240 beautiful illustrations. jects. Price, postage prepaid by us, $3.00
Fish foods, plants and aquaria Pets of every description
INNES & SONS
Burnett's Japanese Fish
HUDSON TERMINAL BUILDINo NEW YORK
Twelfth street, Cor. Cherry, Philadelphia, Pa.
Prices cheerfully furnished for special sized aquariums
OF GREAT INTEREST to EVERYBODY My
long-promised Book on Tropical Fish in order to be able to include recent data on new and very interesting species, such as Pterophyllum Scalare, Gasteropelecus Steliatus and Fasciatus, Ambassis Lala, Myletes Species, etc. All these fish are in my Aejuaria under study now, as also hundreds of others, as my l)ook is to be a record of personal observations and life studies. I ask the kind indulgence of those who have already subscribed and invite correspondence from jjrospective subscribers and from all who
Has been delayed
dealer for the
Lindemann Cage STANDARD
Manufactured and sold
desire rare fish cheap.
BRIND, F.Z.S., Aquarist, 500 Isham
of Rare and
Get A%.\1 Pet
Dealer and Breeder
to the trade
Free Literature on request on Fish, Supplies. Aquaria, etc.
To Keep You Company During Winter Months
A pretty Canary, bright as a su.ibeam, active as a cricket, fills your home with music and your heart with gladness. He j
Mexican Swordtail Girardinus guppyi Geophagus Platypoecilia maculata Gambusia holbrooki And many others
makes you feel life's worth living. Hundreds of pleased customers last year. They are real
Imported German CANARIES
deposit a mass of large coral-red eggs out of ttie water; the little snails drop into the water as they hatch.
practical fish in
Tested and guaranteed singers, obtained from the Germany, in shipping cage, each, $,). Imported females each $1, living arrival guaranteed; handsome brass cage $1. Parrots, gold fish, all kinds cages, etc. Large illustrated catalog free. Largest mail order bird dealers in the we-ld. Bird Book 25 cents. IOWA BIRD CO.. Dept J DES MOINES, lA. best breeders in
work on care and breeding of the aquarium. Illustrated.
Street, South, Minneapolis,
BEST COLLECTION OF
MILWAUKEE TRYPOD W.
457 Eleventh Street
Manufacturer and repairer of aquariums. Dealer iij kinds of aquarium fishes and plants, Imported Japanese and Chinese gold fishes. all
Always on Exhibition Many years of experience has enabled me to malce a specialty of all aquatic life. My aim is to assist the student of Nature and rnake it possible for him to obtain the specimens he desires in a healthy and first-class condition.
"ENUF SAIDE. C.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer
BIRDS AND ANINIALS
HERMAN RABENAU 1163 Myrtle Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y. Near Broadway New Shipments received Monthly. Prices Right AQUARIUMS AND ALL ACCESSORIES
of artistic designs for particular people.
Gold Fish, Water Plants. Imported Catalog
THE PIONEER AQUARIUM MFG.
THE AQUARIUM when
FREE. CO., RACINE.,
Importer and Breeder of
Aquarium Fish Grower of Finest Water Plants Fancy Gold Fish
Jacob C. Cassel 915 Arch
Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
aquarium requisites and Trade Prices
Aquarium Ornaments Aquarium Cement Aquaria Books
Fish Globes Fish Foods
Shells Pebbles Choice Line of Fancy Goldfish
Fancy Japanese Gold and Silver Fish Aquaria, Fish Globes, Foods and Plants, Birds and Cages Bird Seed, Mocking-Bird Food, Etc.
THIELER'S SONG REST(3RER Very lUst
33 Flatbush Avenue,
equally good for Gold or Tropical Fish.
for Price List.
best winter food on the
Will develop color; also
healthy and robust;
and is the for Daphnia,
best substitute It contains i J ingredients, also
not sour or
cloud the water. This food is used by the New York and Philadelphia Aquaria; also by many breeders in Philadelphia and other large cities Retails for 10
centsâ€” Baby Food, 15 cents per box
voiir dealer fot
or sinil tn
Warnock Street PHILADELPHIA, PA.
N. Y. F"ine
Greenriver Fish and Baby Fish Food
Price, 15c a box.
ROYCE & PASSMORE
and It is
201 East Jefferson Ave.,
The Oldest Bird Store
Egg dropping Etc.
Handle Everything iz Aquarium
Live bearing fish Egg laying fish
Try a box of
Floral Terra Cotta. etc.
All Kinds of Tropical Fish
Nest building fish Mouth breeding fish
Bubble nest building
Gold Fish and
THE AQUARIUM when
Frinije and Broad-Tails, good color $1.50 per dozen and up
4029 »§'So88 Ol6i5
a pure Asphaltic Paste that contains no Soap. It is absoOrdinary W'aiirproojing Cotn^ouvds contain soap. They (in'c a tcm l^or'try waterproofing just as soft soap would do. % yf jf It does not reduce the Strength Impervite mixes easily with water. .Sm;/' compouiids do (if Mortar or dclav the vSetliiii;. You will then re"Impervite Pointers"? A ^4-inch Impervite facing will adhere to ceive gratis four interesting and valuable the inside of walls even where the water presbooklets on: sure is from the outside. I heory of the I'arious Waterproofing ^lethods. We guarantee that Impervite will make /'nil Directions /or Waterproofing Against Pressure. Cement .Mortar aljsolutely waler])roof. Description of Some Interesting Jobs. Ho-tv to Make Waterproof. Non-Cracking Stucco. Why not write a postal today, askint; for p
STANDARD PAINT COMPANY, New
Aquarium Specialty Co. WASHINGTON NEW YORK CITY
N.-W. Corner 138th
NEW YORK CITY Importer
MAKERS OF THE Rogers
Breeder - Dealer
LARGEST IWANUFACTURERS OF Aquaria,Terraria, Vivaria and Aquatic Cages, Mouse and Frog Houses
Rare and Fancy Fish and Reptiles
BREEDERS OF Fringetail Japanese and Chinese Telescopes and of Red, African and Japanese Snails Importers of Foreign and Tropical Fishes.
Sagittaria Natans and Gigantica and of
TROPICAL FISH A SPECIALTY
Plain Facts! Large Importation of Foreign Fish every month New Varieties with each Shipment More than 3,000 Tropical Fish Sold in
vSingle-rootcd Luchvigia IMullcrtti
Ad. in The Aquarium next month
N. State Street
Auburndale Goldfish Co. fNot Incorporated
1449 West Madison \V rile for Price List
Aquaria Tanks Fish Globes Ornaments, Etc.
Birds, Cages, Seeds, Etc.
KAEMPFER'S BIRD STORE
THE AQUARIUM when
writing advertisers Pbess n(
S. Ciark Si.