Page 1

r^VTSTON OF FISHES

PRICE.

TEN CENTS

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'

THE

IaQUARIUM


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The NATURE 579

W.

181sT ST.,

SUBWAY

l

^

SHOP

BLDG.,

NEW YORK

;

NC,

CITY

Dealers

Breeders

Importers

^

Animals, Birds, Fish, Foods (Ey Supplies Finest Collection of

Fancy Fish on Exhibition

in A?nerica

Visitors welcome at all times

We

offer the following varieties of fish for sale, all in fine condition:

Anabas scandens

Girardinus reticulatus

Barbus conchonius

Haplochilus chaperi

Poecilia specia

Barbus semi-faceolatus

Haplochilus panchax

Polycentrus shomburgkii

Badis badis

Haplocliilus rubrostigma

Polyacanthus dayi

Betta rubra

Haplochilus sexfasciatus

Pseudoxiphoporus bimaculata

Betta Splendens

Rivilus flabellicauda

Poecilia poecilioides

Callichthys callichthys

Heros facetus Macropodus viridi-auratus

Callichthys marmoratus

Mollienesia latipinna

Trichogaster

Cichlasoma nigrotasciatum Danio rerio Danio malabaricus

Ophiocsphalus

Paratilapa multicolor

Tetrogonopterus lineatus Tetrogonopterus guppi

Paratilapa specia

Tetrogonopterus rubilus

Gambusia affinis Gambusia caudimaculata Gambusia holbrooki Gambusia nicaraguenis Geophagus gymnogensis

Pandon buchholzi

Tetrogonopterus ulreyi

Platvpoecilia maculata

Xiphophorus brevis Xiphophorus helleri Xiphophorus rachowi

IXT'E

striatus

Platypoecilia niger Platvpoecilia rubra

Trichogaster faciatus lalius

Platvpoecilia specia

are constantly getting in

new

varieties offish, so if there are

any species that you want, let us know, and we will quote prices. We always have on hand a nice collection of common and rare Gold Fish at prices that are right; also aquarium plants, snails, tadpoles, etc.

IVe manufacture the

REGULAR, the

same

SPECIAL,

for

'^NoXaL Brand'' Fish Food

Gold Fish; something

of Fancy Fish; (the one food that is scicompounded) containing the ingredients so necessary the rapid and healthy development of the young fish and for keeping of the older ones in perfect condition; comes in for all varieties

entifically

for

the

better than the rest, but at

price, lo cents per tin.

four sizes.

15 cents per bottle.

am 'ww-mvTOTOfVTfCTTifOTCTr^r-rnrv^^


MACK

WILI^IAM

THE

H

Terminal Pet Shop Importers, Breeders and Dealers

c/3

in

t—

Japanese Goldfish and Tropical Fish

<

Fish foods, plants and aquaria

^

Pets ofeverv description

Birds, seeds and cages

w Burnett's Japanese Fish

Oh

Booth No.

18

Food

Concourse

HUDSON TERMINAL BUILDING NEW YORK West

102

io6th Street,

New

Prices cheerfully furnished for special sized aquariums

Yoik Ciiy

AQUARIA

Plants Decayed? Goldfish Dead? There's a Reason! A helping hand to the amateur aquarist and a

^B.

We take the time to answer your trouble? Full instructions for balancing your aquarium for year without change of water, 35 cents copy, postpaid. little

profit to ourselves.

What

questions.

We

Birds, Cages, Seeds, Etc.

exchange, import and breed the rarest Chinese scaleless dragDn-eyed goldfish and Japanese scaled fantail and fringetails. Goldfish shipped anywhere in Snails, beautiful aquari.m plants. United States, guaranteed safely. "Ool^cn 2)raC10H," the fish food that saves the lives of your fine fish, and makes them fat and Dont exoeriment feed the Imhappy, 20 cents box, postpaid. Contains dried daphnia. laxatives and perial Food of Old Japan. Big bunch Pair fine young Japanese fantails, $1 .50. cereals, etc. buy,

sell,

KAEMPFER'S BIRD STORE

aquarium

SUPPLIES

is

plants,

25

114

Write

CfjC ©ricntal (SolbfiSlj Co., 924 Gates Av.. Brooklyn, N.Y.

"ENUF SAID"

VAHLE, 315 N. Madison St., Chicago Wholesale and BIRDS and AIMIMALvS

E. C.

Retail Dealer in

Herman

W.

Madison

Street,

Chicago,

^ ^

of

T. Wolf's work

III.

is

LTELP

for Price List

"Goldfish Breeds and Other Aquarium Fishes"

Singing Canaries and Song Birds

are Specialists.

ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC BIRD STORE joy

ILL.

Aqu ariumBook

PARROTS, MONKEYS AND PET STOCK We

N. State Street

CHICAGO,

cents, postpaid.

the standard authority.

Tells

all

about breeding

way on all aquarium and terrarium subjects. 240 beautiful illustrations. Price, postage prepaid by us, $3.00 fancy goldfish and treats in a practical

work Aquarium by

along

''''The

the

'

INNES & SONS

subscribing for a friend.

Twelfth Street, Corner Cherry, Philadelphia, Pa. IJSHSHSHSHSaSHSHSHSasas

F. L.

TAPPAN

Dealer and Breeder of Rare and

FANCY FISH Chanchitos, Gambusia, Paradise Fish and Goldfish Send ^i.oo

FISH.

A

for

my new

practical

book,

work on

AQUARIA

care and breeding

of tish in the aquarium.

92

SEVENTH STREET, SOUTH MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.

\

^ IMPORTEK AND BREEDEK Tropical

Fisii

I


'i'i^inon^tit^Mi^ai^Xi^xi^xiiou^Mi^sn^sn^Sii^xi^xi^xiiou^in^sn^sn^m^xt^xi^xt^xi^Xi^xt^xi^xi^X'i*

FRANKLIN BARRETT 4815

D

Street Olney, Philadelphia, Pa.

Largest Greenhouses in the World Devoted to the Breeding of Fancy, Chinese and Japanese Goldfish and Propagation of Aquarium Plants WHOLESALE AND RETAIL

PLANTS

FISHES COMMON

CABOMBA MYRIOPHYLLLIM ANACHARIS SAGITTARIA LUDWIGIA

SCALED SCALELESS

COMET FANTAIL FRINGETAIL

VALLISNERIA

HORNWORT

TELESCOPES CELESTIALS

POTAMOGETON SNOW FLAKE WATER POPPY WATER HYACINTH

LION'S HEADS SHUBUNKINS

SALVINIA

PARADISE GOLDEN-ORFES GOLDEN-TENCH GAMBUSIA-AFFINIS STICKLE-BACKS

WATER FERN LACE LEAF WATER LETTUCE UMBRELLA PALMS CYPERUS PAPYRUS CYPERUS ALTERNIFOLIUS

SNAILS

GRACILIS

COMMON

LAXUS FOLVA VARIEGATED BOSTON FERNS

RAM'S HORN

* i

POTOMAC AFRICAN JAPANESE

i

Drawing

WATER

Manufacturer of the Celebrated " Rustless corner pieces.

Marbleized

9

and brass nickel

9

Manufacturer of the

9

Made from

9 9 9 9 9

slate

Once

tried,

We

Made

in

galvanized sheet iron, wrought iron

the

9 S 9

9 9 9

* 9

9 9 9 9

plated.

"AMERJAP" FISH FOOD

Celebrated

the purest of materials.

For

fish only. in

Keeps your

good condition, keeps your Eaten by the fish with avidity.

fish in

the aquarium.

always used.

ornaments in the country. No rough, sharp edges to injure and but every ornament glazed with a smooth and beautiful finish, and in harmonious colors, creating an artistic effect in the aquarium.

maim

8

9

SUPERIOR" AQUARIUMS

bottoms,

aquarium pure and sweet and does not injure the plants

9 9

LILIES

FOR PONDS ON ESTATES

«

9

PTERIS FERNS

Submerged and Semi-Submerged Plants

i

g

WOLF

T.

by

«

carry the finest line of aquarium fish,

Globes, Nets, Pebbles, Sand, Foods, Etc. Everything Pertaining to the Aquarium and Pond Send

for Price Lists

9 9

9 9 9 9 9 9

9 9


Volume

SEPTEMBER,

I

Aquarium Notes R.

W. SHUFRLDT, M.

curate photograi)hs from

D., Wasliiiiffton, D. C.

first

wishes you more

continued success

in this

needed publication than

minilK-r of the

of fishes, fresh water and marine vertebrata,

substantial

do.

and

and the entire invertel>rata,

list

of aquatic plant-life and

wherewith

The maga-

tedious and expensive methods are giving

in

woi'k of the cam-

with

era

this im-

more

portant and inter-

and

depart-

esting

the

before

Avay

be everything we

need

our

illustrate

literature; while, at the present time, these

promises to

zine

to

much

venture and I

obliged to rely entirely upon

the brush and pencil to obtain our pictures

I

new nature magazine, The Aquarium, and no one

In former

read

was with especial pleasure that every line of the

we were

many

of so

life

forms for illustrative purposes. years,

IT

Number 4

1912

far

its

accurate

JK-autiful re-

sults.

ment.

At

Some

different

my

ten

or

life,

twelve years ago,

have kept aquaria of various

made my first I experiments in

times in I

kinds

my

those kept by friends,

and

jihotography

the

examined

;

of living fishes in their natural ele-

ac-

the

complished some-

ment,

thing in the way

paj^er having

of i>hotographing

published by the

live

fishes

gov e r n m e n t

and

other living forms

To

aquaria.

in

me

it

is

that

some such

publi-

cation

as

THE RED

TRlTO]<lâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;{Spelerpes ml

Photo from

life

we

is

word

in

it

copy

work

A

induced

one of the important ad-

possess to aid us in the study of

regard to

its

in

the

me

same

f)f

his superb

field.

few years afterwards,

I

had an aqua-

Experiments in Pliotojrraphy of *Shufeldt, R. W. Live Fishes. Bulletin United States Fish Commission, Vol. XIX for 1899, pp. 1-5, plates 1-9. tFabre-Domergiic. La Photofrraphie des Animaux Aquatiqaes. Paris, 1899, p. 5. 10 photogravure plates and 2 text cuts. This work is not nearly as well known in this country as it deserves to Ve; its author had special facilities for pursuing: the experiments he did, as he was, at the time, adjunct dinctor of the zoological and physiological laboratory of marine forms of the College of

living aquatic forms of all kinds, to say not

a

peared,

with a beautiful

The

the aquarium

this ap-

gue to present

by Dr. Sliufeldt

Aquarium has not appeared in this country sooner; for, as we all know, there are many such magazines published in Europe and elsewhere; and, what is more to the point, juncts

.

When

M. Fabre-Domer-

truly re-

markable

first

been

use in securing ac-

France.

29

(Concarneau).


rium made to

onlt-r for the-

which he

purpose

s])t*c'ial

of lihotographing all kinds of animals, under

this device

I

secured some beautiful nega-

newts,

tebrates,

employment

of

Sulvsequently,

etc.

the

all

parts

fluid

This

rest.

time floating

all his

just beneath the surface of the water;

by

one jars the recejitacle

if

in

He

possible.

hoAvever, being api)a-

it,

and ignoring

it

mandibles

in his

by sucking the

satisfied

specimen spends nearly

I

used

aquaria

similar

from

through the

obtained

studied the results

rently

marine inver-

tives of living fishes, turtles,

once siezed

did not consume

With

water or not, as the ease might be.

at

the most voracious manner

in

which he

but

li\

es,

Spencer of the Ncav York Aquarium, and others. At this time, I am about to order

the least

a similar device for photograjihic purposes,

tained good photographs of Belostovtn, but

and

trust to i)ublish, in the ])resent

I

few of the results

zine, a

Some days ago

I

I

men

of Spelerpes rube)

abundant

is fairlj"

tricts

about Washington.

far.

them

Red Triton country dis-

in the

My

an illustration to these notes. lected for

It

me by Mr. G. W. H.

was

who

uralist

has

made

many rare species. Many of the Urodelci

I

goldfish

for

others

col-

fishes

I

keeping

Avith

— for

conii)arison

care but

I

— such

sunfishes, the

My

alive.

as

pickerel,

and some dozen

best

object

lesson,

from the study of a

Avas gained

number

large

Soelner, of

have ob-

I

have been very success-

in

species of

however,

of Amhlystoma tigrinum, which

My

kept for long periods together.

ob-

servations on the subject appeared in several

a specialty of mollusks,

fine collection of

the whole,

cat fishes, eels, sticklebacks

343() Seventeenth Street, this city, a nat-

and has a

experimented

the

in

aquaria with other animals.

several

so

i)ictures.

once swims about

keeping native

in

little

here reproduced as

is

in

On

are of the animal out of water, and one

of the best of

never

them tiil

at

frantic style imaginable.

have

in securing a

a fine adult speci-

— the

which

maga-

obtain.

succeeded

few excellent negatives of

most

he

bit,

to

letters

them, including

in

the editor of Science, beginning

the issue of October 22, 1886 (p. 367),

where some of the points are most interest-

in

the habits of

these animals Avere published for the

ing and instructive forms to keep in aquaria,

first

time.

metamorphoses and life affordsome of the most important and in-

their several

ing

Fish Life of a Florida

structive data in the entire range of biology. I

JOHN TRKADWEI.I. NICHOLS, New

have fi-equently kept the Sjwtted Triton

WR

(Diemyctylux viridesceiis) and i)hotograi)hed it

alive

ity are

under water.

Years ago

I

had them breed

in

by a

that full

1

have next to

it,

1

may

in a glass

rior

say

jar half

Water-bug {Belostoma ameticfmuui)

He

is

age

I

in fine

six

,

live

the

in

is

deep enough

for

to clear,

more

fresh Avater, and a fcAV

small boats bring us to a stretch of

miles

in

river

betAveen banks

of

mangrove

trees,

bushes and grass, glistening under the sun,

which

Avhich

uncomfortably

is

hot, though

month is February. The whole scene teems with

weeks.

condition, and a day or

threw him a small,

The channel

Florida.

of water, a large sjjecimen of the (Hant

has not eaten anything for nearly

groAving

a large boat to penetrate far into the inte-

appears none

the worse for the exjierience.

trees

south for miles, forming the Avest coast of

in

a small china-lined receptacle, without havit

Mexico and en-

and Avhich here stretch north and

Avater,

My

month

lived over a

ing eaten anything, and yet

the shalloAV Avaters which

the (hdf of

mangrove

strange

an aqua-

killed

all

small pike that lived in the same tank.

Red Triton has now

left

Vork

tered Shark River, an oi)ening betAveen the

well worthy of study.

rium, but the young were

have

fringe

habits in cajitiv-

Its

Swamp

two

grasshopper,

yip,

m

yip

!

"

life.

the

"Yip,

comes the cry of a fish-hawk


from high up Fax*

zards look drift

A

in

where myriad swarms of little fishes are About a half of these are Gam-

the dazzHng sunny sky.

above him, balancing:

down upon

turkey buz-

lilack

his back,

drifting.

and others

by low, near the tops of the

biisia,

same species that fishes the northern streams in summer, flies along the creek, and flocks of herons and white ibises are squawking and gruntgray-lilue

A

holbroo/ci.

About a

third are Fundu-

lus goodei, a wonderfully pretty

kingfisher, the

ing everywhere.

with only here and there a black-

spotted

trees.

with red

fins

and a bold

lilack

little

fish

stripe

the

Fundulus chrysotus

length of the body.

a beautiful green species, spotted with

reddish serpent, l^ing

ver,

golden or red; and there

is

is

sil-

Girardinus

#

-.^1

Upper -GOODEI

Center

looped across a slimy patch of water-weed, shoots into the dei)ths like a fish strike at

him with an

oar.

when

xosteiiA-)

minute

live-bearing

species;

Ci/prinodou variagatus, the sheepshead min-

now

of the north; Jordanella Jiorida', some-

thing the shape of the

( Lepi-

last,

with usually a

squarish black spot on the side, and Fundulus

are dozing just beneath the surface,

and several species of

a

f'or7nosu.\\

I

Here and there

great thick skinned spotted gar pikes

Lowerâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; JORDANELLA

-GAMBUSIA

sunfish. as also the

ocellaris,

with a black spot on the back

fin.

large-mouthed bass {Mio-opterus xalmoides) are

swimming

open water,

restlessly about

making

in

occasional

the more

The most northern fresh water fishes known are two salmon fish which still occur

predatory

rushes into the shallows along the shore

and among the clogging green weed which here and there rises to the surface, and

in latitude r)0{)

31

82° N.

in

miles from the

Grant Land,

i)ole.

less

than


THE AQUARIUM

lie

Issued in the Interests of the Study,

above the mosses and below the flowering

Care and Breeding of Aquatic Life

plants.

Published munthly except July and August at 1 2th Street, cor. of Cherry, Philadelphia,

etes

Send

manuscripts, exchanges, books for

all

review, etc. all

,

Bank

superstition

times,

while

F.

DeVOE

Single Copies, ioc

Advertising Rates upon Application

::

SEPTEMBER,

I

that

their

and related plants which are the

comon name,

its

Subscriptions,^!

so

ancient

in

consider

others

The

of flowering plants.

383, Baldwin, Long Island, N. Y.

Box

which

gathered

more primitive forms of the sub-kingdom

Hoboken, N.J.

W.

Manager,

much

pines

EUGENE SMITH

for Savings Building,

Business

Moonwort and

around

ferns,

structure indicates a connection with the

other matter to the Business Manager

Editor-in-Chief,

botanists consider the Iso-

Editor-in-chief;

to the

direct

Some

be related to the

to

Adderstongue

by the Aquarium Societies of Brooklyn, Philadelphia Chicago, New York and

Vol.

In the scale

plants called the fern allies.

of plant development the pteridophytes

Isoetes, or to use

quillwort,

essentially

is

an upright or spreading rosette of hollow cylindrical pointed leaves of a grass-like

::

The

or rusli-like aspect.

No. 4

1912

leaves vary in

length in the various sjiecies from a few

Aquatic Plants

Worth

POYSER, Chicago

springing

The QriLLwoRT

as

lobed

an Aquarium

Plant.

Even

botanists

to

gardless of a

its

Isoetaceae,

the

re-

little

known group

name

Isoetes

is

said

to

of

be

ous, that

de-

from

the

tri-

new centre

The plant reproduces

portion

are of

The

outer leaves.

more, or

The

root-stock.

which

spores

even

bi-lobed

flat

rosette.

lowed-out

The

plants comprising about fifty species.

generic

from

is

a

or

produced

are

the

of

from

number from

in

hundred

tuber-like

leaves

interesting eliaracterisies,

comparatively

to

and

feet,

two

ten

\V. A. ?>.

inches to two

Cultivating

(CoNCIl'DKI))

born

quillwort

is

a

hol-

of

the

in

base

the

heterospor-

bears spores of the two sexes

is,

Greek words meaning "equal" and "year" and was applied be-

on the same plant but

cause of the jxrennial eh;iracter

about one-fourth the size of a pin-head and

from

rived

two

While the

leaves.

The

of the

few

pur];)ose of this article

interest as

aquarium

})lants,

it

an outer coat of

may

botanical

a

point

of

view

microscope

The systematic as

a

botanist

difficult

one.

marking regards

Students

is,

the markings.

which

should aid in identification.

grou])

being

spore

not be amiss to give a brief description

from

this

The

cies.

mud and

of

beautifully

Much

of

its

relationship to other

only

They belong in that Vegetable Kingdom called

A

stress

is

laid on this

quillwort occurs growing in sand,

A

great

many

spe-

always submerged, while others are

jiartially so, or

Enough

are terrestrial.

for the botanical phase of the subject.

plants.

division of the

mega-

sculptured.

gravel on the bottom and banks of

streams and lakes.

family, nor

spores have

in distinguishing the various spe-

cies are

classes

are

of course, required to see

l)lant life are

not by any means agreed as what constitutes a distinct species in

The

silicon, that of the

to

this

spores

number, while the male or micro-

long and very numerous.

inasmuch as

they arc usually ignored or given scant attention in works on the aquarium,

in

female

or

spores are about one-thousandth of an inch

primarily, to direct attention to their

is,

megaspores

in different leaves.

While the adaptability of the quillwort

"Pterido])hyta," which includes the ferns

to the

purposes of the aquarist

and some other spore-bearing or flowerless

broad

as

32

many

other

easily

is

not as

obtainable


plants,

it is

entitled to consideration

on account of

and

istics

Aquarists

if

only

of the fact tliat the plant

posiition in the vegetable world.

are

steadily

broadening

their

when one was self a

The day

knowledge of nature.

tlie

grows

abundance.

in

Where found

aquarium.

dition to

it

content to consider him-

competent aquarist by reason of

it

proves a most valuable and interesting ad-

field of interest and thus securing a far

greater

subject to at-

is

tack by some species of fishes and snails

character-

interesting

its

German

probably often overlooked.

is

number of

dealers catalog a

it

Being inconspicuous species, those

of North America bringing highest prices.

his

abilty to maintain a combination of glass,

sand, anacharis, cabomba, sagittaria and a

The Sex

few goldfish has fortunately passed. The aquarium opens up a means of readily delving into

many departments

of natural

of Goldfish

CHARLES PAULLIN,

Philadelphia

We

all want to know, especially during spawning season, the best way to tell the males from the females. There are several ways of telling the

the

sex of goldfisli.

and

gills

by the spots on the

First,

male, and the distended

fins of the

appearance of the female.

male

swimming

fish

way

the best way, and a

known even breeders, tlie

is

body of

Second, by the

after the female.

But

not generally

some of our most expert

to

the difference in the shapes of

during the spawning

fish

tlie

season. If

you

down

will look

at the fish

from

above you will find that the body of the female

uneven, extending further back on

is

one side than on the other, for the reason that one ovary (roe)

than

is

always more developed

mate, giving the

its

fish

a lop-sided

appearance, while in the male the body extends more evenly on both sides.

QUILLWORT science, hence lect

it

anything that

within

its

From

behooves us not to neg-

may

be easily

studied

"Blaetter

confines.

kunde"

In the aquarium the quillwort forms a most excellent snail-food. Hence if one

would try the plant, out must go the However, it has at least one most able will

characteristic,

tenacity

hang on and produce

of

in

long as a bit of root remained.

to all

up

who wish

over

or

who wish

there.

Our

to

make

heartiest

aquarimn friends beyond

the sea."

splendid husky

plants that sent

North America,

greetings to the

I

forth leaf after leaf as

small, well gotten

be welcome

acquaintances

leaf after leaf

in a tank,

"The

und Teirarien-

The Aquarium,

information on the subject of the aquarium

It

have had, floating

mentioning

continues thus:

desir-

while a vestige of rootstock remains.

Aquarien

fuer

after

journal will

snails,

life.

the Fatherland

Subscription

to

the

"Blaetter"

is

2.75

marks (70c) per quarter, postage included. Subscriptions to be sent to

In spite 33

The Aquarium.


The

DR.

est

"wlutl

or

hear-

Ehrenberg classed them

and one-tenth nnn. in length. These little fellows put dramatic movement into the Some sport around in life of the })ond.

Some

ship.

worms

still

or

name they

this

anterior

end of the body

ciliated

apparatus,

organ," which

the

in

is

still

bear.

position

so-called

named The

first

species.

with

is

eiliie

organ

used

for

two-fold purpose, for locomotion and tor creating a current in the

a

spokes

the is

ciliae

sumed

it

a

little

is

it

is

no wheel

is

jjlainly to in

the progenitors of the

to

tree of the

stomach of many

and

renal

cells,

glands,

clockwork, so transi)arent

most of them.

Vermes

an

intestine,

brains

and

is

the skin of

Manifold are their shapes.

Free swimmers have balancers and other attachments assisting them in floating and

swimming.

cocaine or quince-gum

slackens and thus

seen that there

the conclusion that our roti-

The microscope reYou veals all these organs in operation. seem to look through a window at a delicate

struct

ex-

Most of the casings

protective

sessile ones con-

of

foreign

ma-

exude a jelly-like covering (Floscularia). Others simply are attached by a pedicel ending in a sucking

amined microscopically the play of the cilite

end are

in the

nerves and red ejes.

observers as-

the water in which the animal

the

are at

Rotifers have a motile dental appa-

salivary

as a fact that the animals carried

By adding

relations

The

a wheel, hence the name.

to

Hence

ratus, a

This appearance first

of

cilia

(Worms).

water where-

glass this ceaseless

so deceptive that the

forms

In them the

tjqje.

also

looks like the turning of

of a wheel.

their affinities of

larval

phylum or genealogical

moment, scalloped the next, lobed, even-branched or arm-

Under a powerful

play of the

that

fers are exceedingly primitive forms with

circular for one

like.

Worms

much developed, but

mouth.

by edible substances are brought to the The "wheel" looks ever hungry maw. then frilled,

We know

one of which appears constant about the

"wheel-

This

which

everything

restricted to certain localities of the body,

of very variable appearance

different

beset

the

certain

Trochophora

close

thickly

among

with

type

carries a retractile

the

placed

is

organized, and offer as an excuse for their

rocks.

W^heel animals the older naturalists

them and

Here

these animals are many-celled and highly

ponds or the puddles of

tree-trunks

great class of animals which

has to serve as a catch-all to the zoolo-

cannot be elsewhere put.

swamps. One family of them, the Bdelloidae, occurs in the moss of house-roof's, and in the of

the rotifers are classed with the

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; that

gist.

quiet backwaters of streams, the bottoms

lichen-growths

rotifers in appearance, all were

Today

live in

and mollusks lead parasitic lives, but by far most numerous are those that prefer the of plant-grown

as "Infusoria."

])romptly put together as of one relation-

ii'onns

the sea; some, in the intestines of

many

recall

are sessile on the plants, for

few

is

as one-celled ciliated infusoria frequently

mighty lances as do others

A

their

creatures were simply classed together, and

the clear water^ "Knights of the Lists," in

instance, under the lily pads.

Even now

with these fellows.

That was about a hundred years ago when the unicellular animals, the Protozoa, were not definitely known. Similar looking

length and they are giants of the race. usually vary hetween one-twentieth

thorns.

little

not the only thing of inter-

not quite clear.

They

clad^ bear

But the

exact position in the zoological system

few of them reach even three millimeters

armor

is

which

ciliae)

wheel organ

ers" form a vi-ry interesting chiss, only a

in

(the

BADE. New York

Ilotiftr.s

tlu'

hairs

little

rhytlnnically beat the water.

the niimitf animals wliicli jicoph'

wattr,

the

K.

simply

"Wheel"

the

Ainoii<>-

Fellows with

Little

terial

be

motion, but 34

(Mcliccrta)

,

or


Brachionus urceolaris, Melicerta ringens, Stephanoceros eichhorni The

disc.

Melicerta ringens, as an

figures in tlie

background are algae

again reach water they flourish as before.

example of

This state of anabiosis (lifelessness)

case-builder, possesses a so-called pill-or-

is

a

an open sac fringed with

ciliae,

well-known phenomenon shown by many

placed innnediately below the mouth.

This

organisms which after 200 years of obser-

gan which

is

sac catches stray little grainlets

them

into pills with the aid of

and turns

mucus

vation

or

blown about with the

and thus carried far and wide.

When

Rotifers

not well explained.

can remain in such an inert condition for months and years with impunity. Possibly

These are then carried out and deposited along the upper edge of the case, the whole case being built up of such "pills." Rotifers can withstand drying up for some slime.

time, being then

still is

they exude seals

a

jelly-like

them up and

so

substance which retains

a

certain

measure of moisture which carries the ani-

dust,

mals through the period of drowth.

they 35


Life

viTV

is

and adaptable

t-lastic

many contradictory may triumph o\-er

pliases

to

may

possess

organs within their bodies whose

signifi-

cance so far

The

unknown

is

Then

fast.

lay the razor blade between

the two plates, cut the i)rojecting part of

pegs

and

off

Now

even.

file

bore centre

B

through both plates suitable for a round headed (brass) screw with nut, a hole

to us.

shows three species very

illustration

either of brass

wire or screws, which are then soldered

Perhaps even

death.

these minute "wheel bearers"

made

sert a short brass peg,

and even then

nuieh maynified.

stove bolt will do.

To complete

vance a handle

made

is

the contri-

of iron or brass

(bent to an angle of iO or 15 degrees) fas-

Mechanical Helps in Aquarium

tened to one of the

Work A W.

'New Glass Cleaner G.

construct this simple appliance.

for cleaning-

wood screws for pegs which hold The handle can easily be fastened with screAvs on a wooden plate. using

from the glass of aquaria was deby

vised

Hubert

iNIr.

and was published

en und Terrarien Kunde.

It

and useful

itself so practical

of

Siegl,

in Blaetter fuer

blade

Prague, Aquari-

brought

it is

in place.

This will work quite as well as the

has proven

metal

to the writer,

of course, necessary to adopt a

is,

to the attention of others

who may have had

all

arrangement. It

that

Although

someAvhat clumsier, one of the plates and the handle may also be made of hard Avood,

LAMl'RECHT, Brooklyn

The following contrivance algae

])lates, making it ready Anyone handy with tools can

use.

for

difficulty in

make

certain

keeping their

making the

aquaria clean of algae without disturbing-

of blades as standard before

plates, as each style differs in

dimensions.

water plants. Various methods are used such as bristle, for the stickier a

bundle of

To

to clean glass,

steel and wire brushes, or brown algae cuttle bone or

shavings.

steel

Plaster

clean

the

move

position)

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; slowly

down along below the

little

the

glass

of

toj)

The

sand and "shave" clean.

Paris clouds the water; fine sand, in spite

edge of

the

(with handle held in an upright

surface to a

of

glass

the tool

tlu;

algae will

on the edge of the blade like shav-

of the finest grade used, will scratch the

roll u})

glass, thereby not only giving the algae a

ings and finally sink to the bottom, with-

growth, but also

out clouding the water in the least, after

still

surface

better

spoiling

its

for

transparency.

down movement

which the refuse can be gathered with a

The up and

dip tube, or,

of aquarium brushes causes

quite a stir in the water, disturbing the

sediment.

Nor

is

it

possible to clean the

Tile

glass to the edge of the sand on the bot-

tom, thus leaving a strip

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; which

cannot reach.

To overcome

carded

razor

into

safety

use.

blades

of

jiraetieability

brushes

suitable only for an fectly

it.

this

Of

device

will

course, this

is

aquarium with a per-

smooth glass surface.

brought

For example we will take the

"Gillette," although

any other make may

There are

be used.

Take

preferred, left for the snails

please everyone using-

all this, dis-

are

if

to devour.

a piece of brass about l-K) inch in

species of

about

Contrast

this

13,000 with the

About

115 species which Aristotle knew\

thickness and cut two plates, boring holes to conform with those of the blade.

now known

fishes.

4000 of

In each

the species are

found

water, the others are marine.

of the outside holes of one of the plates in36

in

fresh


your trouble

S^ox

jCetter

water

which

What

good general food for gold-

One other

of thf best foods for goldfish and

which are not

fish

cooked with a

oatmeal,

boiled

amount of

salt

strictly carnivorous

slight

exactly the same as for table

piece as large as a shellbark nut

rium.

What They

My

about three-

across.

they have attained a

This

size of

is

eighths of an inch. Goldfish will for the

first

months eat their own bulk of this There is no danger of oatmeal food daily.

H. B.

are "dried African files" ?

are dried "water-boatmen."

fouling the water

Young

only a small quantity

if

fish in

is

a large outdoor tank'

be safely fed enough at one time to last

when the winter

fish are past their

should only have as

first

much

season comes summer, they

of any kind of

food as will be consumed in a few minutes.

about

insect

What

them

kill

the

the

out

them

of the

as well as

solution of

onl}'

inch

get rid of

to

to

known method They are known

very

troublesome

Take

established.

all

tank or aquarium, clean

you can and

\nit

a moderate

permanganate of potash

aquarium from which the this

way

fish.

and are

"fish-lice"

when they become fish

of an

one-eighth

the best

off is

that does not as

is

C. P. C.

Pick

fish

into the

Allow

came.

stand for a few days, change the

and ought to have variety

water and

a good idea to occasionally

necessary.

(joldfish like It is

golil/ish are pestered with a Jiat, trans-

them?

several

of food.

this condition,

should be sufficient for a 20-gallon aqua-

parent

day, but

your aquarium

A

fishes.

an

on or

in

would correct

be of benefit to the plants and

excellent food on which to raise fish after

which they could not swallow.

all

acid,

lump of

small

take out the large kernels

cloth so as to

may

A

as well as

able to strain the oatmeal through a coarse

used.

that the

slightly

is

to all snails.

is fatal

hard plaster of Paris put

If the fish are small it is desir-

purposes.

may be

It

your aquarium

in

until dissolved

A. J. E.

fish?

is

a

is

probably liecause they are

is

naturally short-lived.

return

the

Repeat

fish.

if

mix into the oatmeal a good grade of prepared

fish

food in the

shrimp, fish-roe

daphnia

or

form also do very

Chopped

smaller

well

the

in

is

or

dried

mixing

for

small earthworms

sizes;

in.

an excellent

Scraped raw lieef may be used oc-

food.

A mnnber

and sparingly.

casionally

of very

excellent prepared foods are advertised in

magazine, but

this

in their

sized nor

small

fish.

grains often produce indigestion

Too

large

and some-

Some of our expert Germany recommend that all

strangulation.

times friends

in

granular foods

first

be steeped

in boiling

water. /

am

rium. If

unable

to

Can you

my aquaH. F. IV.

keep snails alive in tell the

come from

They

fresh-water

tropical ?

W.

aquarium

P. sent

are principally

to

Germany

from different parts of the world and tributed from

India are

there.

two of the

dis-

South America and principal

sources of

supply.

use one should

see that very large grains are not fed to

medium

Where do fish

reason?

you have the so-called African

snails.

It

is

understood that

members

of the

societies receive their notification of

meet-

ings through the Society Bulletins in

Aquarium, thus making easier the

The

secretaries'

work as well as saving the cost of printing and mailing notices each month.

Next month we shall start an article on something of "Aquarium Management"

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

great value to the beginner and well worth

while for the old hands.


SOCIETY 'BULLETIJWS

Brooklyn Aquarium

Officers for 1912 President

W.

Vice-President Secretary

Regular

meetings are held on the Second and Fourth Wed-

nesday of each month, at 8098 I 2 City Hall Square Building,

127-139 North Clark at 8.30 P.M.

Librarian

Local

Street,

Bus.

W.

:

J.

President

rruu

Regular meetings are held on the Second Thursday at the

F.

S.Young.

.

Isaac

.

Buchanan, 143 Liberty

Arthur Osborn, 42 South Henry S. Coffin, 129 East

New

St., Jersey City,

71st St.,

York

New

N.J.

York

Treasurer, H. A. Richtberg, 85 South i6th St., East Orange, N.J.

Hermann Hoffmeister, 65 Webster Av., Jersey City, N. [. Treadwell Nichols, Am. Museum of Nat. Hist. Business Manager, Carl P. Ording, 1931 Broadway, New York

Librarian,

Am

Street,

DoRN, 7 Norman Rd., Upper Montclair, N.J.

Recording Secretary,

School, City, and

except July and August.

Ind.

W. A. Povser.

Cor. Sec'y, Rev.

i

Local Editor, John

of Natural His-

Initiation Fee, $1.00

work during post summer, by

Field

Vice-President, Richard

Park York, each month

Hammond,

Officers for 1912

Aquarium

New

St.,

G. Pieser, 3800 Grand Boulevard

September 2jth: Goldfish and Goldfish breeding.bv

New York

West,

to attend.

A. Poyser, 106 Carroll

Mgr.

September i ith

Annual Dues, $1.00

Museum

P. Fritz

H. Smith

I

Treasurer

Local Editor,

Initiation Fee, $1.00

tory, 77th St and Central

Theodore

F. S. Young, 428 West 66th Street Dr. G. a. Preusker, 457 North Avenue F.G.Orsinger, 23 South Oakley Boulevard Carl Fossetta, 1500 Diversey Boulevard Tracy H. HoLMts, 2816 Logan Boulevard

President

Fanciers' Club

erican

Harry Roessle

Officers for 1912

Chicago Fish

at the

New York

,

Local Business Manager, 0.\en 702 Fulton Street

924 Gates Avenue

and prospective members urged

on the Fourth Friday

St.

Financial Secretary

Regular meetings are held on Fourth Tuesday in every month except June, July and August, at Fairchild Building, 702 Fulton St., at 8 P. M. First meeting of the season, September 23d. Sale and exchange of young fish, any variety. Address by the President, W. F. De Voe. Visitors

Fee, $1.00

German - American Sherman Ave., Jersey

Smith, 52 Wall

Treasurer

Dr. Rudolph C. Lienau Local Editor, Sylvester C. Lloyd

Annual Dues, $2.00

Society

Owen H.

Vice-President

Society ^^ Initiation

Corresponding and Recording Secretary

DeVoe, Box 383, Baldwin, N.Y.

F.

Local

September 2Jth: "Fish Hatcheries of

Germany" by Rev. H.

S. Coffin

Dues, $2.00

Philadelphia Aqu ar i u m Society nutrutr Annual Dues, $1.80 Correspondinjr Membership $1.00 Annually

Initiation Fee, $1.00

Regular meet/ng are held on the Foutth Wednesday, at 1414 Arch Street.

Milwaukee

Officers for 1912

Wm.

T. Innes, Jr., 2th & Cherry Sts. Charles Paxson, 2521 N. 9th Street Treasurer Fred Schaefer, 1610 N. 2d Street Secretary and Bus. Mgr., Howard S. Crees, 3744 N. 13th St. President and Local Editor,

Vice-President

September 2jth

.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Annual

Special exhibition of

Mr. Innes among

will

the

I

.

Election.

Sale

and exchange offish.

Mexican sword-tail

distribute

specimens

of red

fish.

Copenhagen

snails

members. Officers for 191

President

Aquarium

Vice-President

Society nuu

Treasurer

Secretary Librarian

C. G. B. ScHENCK, 105 Grand Avenue August Grau, 31 10 Grand Avenue

Reverend Paul Roth, 2602 Prairie Avenue M. J. C. Steffen, 950 First Street August W. Pollworth, 181 6 Wright Street


WM.

PAULLIN

L.

Goldfish Hatchery

Water Gardener GROWER OF THE

Finest Water Plants BREEDER OF

Fancy Goldfish and

Jacob C. Cassel Arch

915

Street,

Tropical Fish

Pa.

Philadelphia,

Manufacturer

Large Aquariums^ Ponds and Small

Aquariums

Lakes Stocked and Planted

Aquarium Ornaments Floral Terra Cotta, etc. and

Send

all

for

425

Catalog and Trade Prices

Sunfish.

known

Also

don

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

Chaeto-

as

Mesogatiisteus

(

The

Chaetodon').

most

beautiful

and that

is

the

only one

not pugnacious

and that can be kept with Goldfish.

AQUARIUM SUPPLY CO DELAIR, ,

N.J.

THIELER DEALER

IN

Fancy Japanese Gold and

Flatbush Avenue,

and

fish

color;

healthy

and robust; will act as a laxative and is the best substitute It will not sour for Daphnia. or cloud the water. This food is used by the New York and Philadelphia Aquaria; also by

many

breeders in Philadelphia

and other large for

it

cities or send to

BROOKLYN,

HARRY

P.

PETERS

Warnock Street PHILADELPHIA, PA.

Market

Telephone Connection

fine fins

makes your

1210 North

THIELER'S SONG RESTORER the

develop

Ask your dealer

Mocking-Bird Food, Etc.

in

will

Silver Fish

Aquaria, Fish Globes, Foods and Plants, Birds and Cages, Bird Seed,

Very Best

Greenriver Fish and Baby Fish Food also

one of the smallest,

33

cents a box, postpaid

WOLF STREET, PHILADELPHIA

of

the Sunfish family,

C.

5

aquarium requisites

TO DEALERS ONLY Biack-banded

Hatchery Fish Food

Paullin's I

Fish Food

Fish Globes

Goldfish

Trv

N. Y.

IMPORTER AND BREEDER Young ScalelessTelescopes,all from $7.00 per hundred up

colors


3 9088 01015 3922

Waterproof Your Aquaria

IMPERVITE

Aquarium Specialty Co.

RDINARY

cement contains which dissolves in the water and will injure the fish.

1827-31

IMPERVITE

an Integral Waterproofing bituminous nature, manufactured

Compound of a in sea-green, is

up the

to seal

alkalies

MAKERS OF THE

Its

Rogers

it.

The

Crystal

Aerator and Filter

action

LARGEST MANUFACTURERS OF

of the cement and pre-

vent the water from penetrating

follow-

ing letter bears testimony to this fact: August 19, 1912 The Standard Paint Co. 100 William St., NeÂŤ' ^ork City Gentlemen: Obtaining unsatisfactory results from a number of preparations for waterproofing cement, an architect induced me to try IMPERVITE. The results have been all that could be desired and have successfully withstood the test of time. In concrete aquarium and pool construction 1 recommend your product on all

AVE.

CITY

is

red and other tints.

tile

WASHINGTON

NEW YORK

alkali

occasions.

The addition of IMPERVITE to the cement at the time it mixed not only renders the pool watertight but also eliminates the danger of having chemicals from the fresh cement wash into

Aquaria, Terraria, Vivaria and Aquatic Cages, Mouse and Frog Houses

BREEDERS OF Japanese and Chinese Fringetail Telescopes and of Red, African and Japanese Snails

is

CULTIVATORS OF

the water and kill the fish. Yours very truly

(Signed) Wm. T. Innes, Jr. President of Aquarium Society of Philadelphia

Our booklet,

"-Integral Waterproofing for sent on request

Aquaria"

Sagittaria Natans and Gigantica and of Single-rooted Ludwigia MuUertti

The Standard Paint Company 100

Catalogue on application

WILLIAM STREET, NEW YORK CITY

Aquarium Plants

Imported

of all kinds

Goldfish

laTlcAT Fancy Fishes Aquaria, Aerating Devices, Fish Food, Everything for the Amateur Aquarist

Aquaria Tanks Fish Globes Ornaments, Etc.

LIVE.=BE.ARING FISHES Helleri, Brevis, Guppyi, Holbrooki, Reticulatus, Lati-

pinna, Four Different Platypoecilia, Etc.

NEST=BUILDING FISHE,S Two

Paradise Fish, Dwarf Guramis, Striped Guramis, Kinds Fighting Fish, Polyacanthus Dayi

Auburndale Goldfish Co.

E,GG=LAYING FISHEIS Danio Rerio, D. Malabaricus, D. Analipunctatus, Barbus Conchonius, Haplochilus Chaperi, Senegalensis

(Not Incorporated)

920

West Randolph Send

for

St.,

Chicago,

111.

ADHE5IVE=EGG FISHE,S Chanchito, Cichlasoma, Etc. Otherspecies imported weekly and to order. Write for free

Catalog and Trade Prices

W.

Dealers, Breeders and Others who

are tired of losing

fish

are urged to install an air

with or without running water

pump

pump

BRTND.

F.Z.S..554

W.

185th St.,

atalog

New York

Hofmans Bird

City

Store

from standpoint of hu-

manity as well as dollars and cents.

"Little

Wonder"

35 pounds pressure and is attached Will run 100 aquariums or care to your water fancet. for ten thousand fish in a hall bed room. Special price to society membe.s and dealers. No sunlight needed, no plants. Never breaks down. Write hydraulic

L.

gives

Ol^rtcutal oBoltift^l)

Singing Canaries Goldfish^

Aquaria

and Other Supplies

Compaii);

924 Gates Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Broadway and Madison Street

Sole agents for aquarium purposes- In use by members of Brooklyn, Philadelphia, Chicago and Milwaukee Societies

BROOKLYN

The Aquarium 1/4 1912  

The Aquarium 1/4 1912